SpermMar IgA Test

SpermMar IgA Test
A qualitative beads test for detection of
Sperm Antibodies of the IgA class
Preservative: Sodium azide 0.09%.
Store at 2° to 8° C - Do Not Freeze.
Reagent for Professional Use Only.
5. Read the result after 3 minutes. Observe for Latex
particles attached to the motile sperm. Count 100
sperm cells to determine the percentage of reactive
sperm. Read again after 10 minutes.
Note: Keep the preparation in a damp chamber (e.g. a petri
dish containing a moistened piece of filter paper).
6. The diagnosis of immunological infertility is suspected
when 10-39% of the motile spermatozoa are attached to
latex particles; if 40% or more of the spermatozoa are
attached, immunological infertility is highly probable.
INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
INTENDED USE
The SpermMar IgA test is a diagnostic kit for detecting
antisperm antibodies of the IgA class in human semen. The
presence of antisperm antibodies can interfere with sperm
function and zona binding and the acrosome reaction.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The presence of sperm antibodies reacting with antigen(s)
on the spermatozoa is considered as typical and specific for
immunological infertility (1,3,22,24). These antibodies are
found in approximately 8% of infertile men (13).
Antisperm antibodies belong to different immunological
classes, but only those of the IgG and the IgA class are
clinically relevant (18). The former display cytotoxic effects
and are adequately detected on spermatozoa or in serum
with the SpermMar IgG test. Antisperm antibodies when
bound to complement C3 of the IgA class, which mainly have
agglutinating properties (14), rarely occur without antibodies
of the IgG class (6), but their meaning for male infertility
may be more important. Indeed, patients combining sperm
antibodies of the IgA class with IgG antibodies, or presenting
IgA antibodies alone have very little chance of impregnating
their partner through natural ways (6,20). Hence, detection
of antibodies of the IgA class is of the utmost importance
both for diagnosis and prognosis (21).
The bulk of the IgA class antisperm antibodies are secreted
by the accessory sex glands (23). They are present on the
spermatozoa and sometimes in seminal plasma, but usually
are absent in serum. Therefore, testing for antisperm antibodies of the IgA class on serum is not recommended (18). It
may be considered to search for sperm antibodies of the IgA
class in seminal plasma, in cases with low sperm concentration or motility, although the possible clinical meaning of
these antibodies is questionable.
The direct SpermMar IgA Test is a test for the detection of
sperm coating antibodies, performed on either fresh spermatozoa, or spermatozoa which are isolated from seminal
plasma by one cycle of suspension, centrifugation and
resuspension in medium. These spermatozoa are mixed with
the beads which are coated with antihuman anti-IgA. The
formation of mixed agglutinates of motile spermatozoa with
beads indicates the presence of IgA antisperm antibodies on
the spermatozoa (1,5,9,10,17).
PRODUCT ORDER CODES
SPMA_S
SPMA_C
SpermMar IgA single – 50 tests
SpermMar IgA complete – 50 tests
MATERIALS INCLUDED WITH THE TEST
»
»
»
»
»
1 vial containing 0.7ml SpermMar IgA beads
Microscope slides 76x26 mm*
Cover glasses 24x40 mm*
Microcapillary pipettes calibrated at 10 microlitres*
Rubber bulb*
* complete kit only
MATERIALS NOT INCLUDED WITH THE TEST
» Light microscope (with 400x to 600x magnification,
bright field, dark field or phase contrast)
» Non-spermicidal condom
(e.g. Male Factor Pak - FertiPro NV)
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
SPECIMEN COLLECTION & PREPARATION
Semen collection by masturbation is preferred. Where
particular circumstances discourage collection by masturbation, specific plastic condoms are available from FertiPro for
semen collection (e.g. Male Factor Pak). Ordinary condoms
should not be used for semen collection because they may
interfere with the motility and viability of the spermatozoa.
Ideally, semen should be examined within 1 hour after
ejaculation.
REAGENT PREPARATION
The SpermMar IgA Latex particles are ready to use, however,
they should be thoroughly mixed before use to provide a
homogeneous suspension.
DIRECT SPERMMAR IGA TEST FOR THE DETECTION
OF ANTISPERM ANTIBODIES OF THE IGA CLASS ON
HUMAN SPERMATOZOA
1. Allow reagents and specimens to adjust to room
temperature.
2. On a microslide place :
» 10 microlitres of fresh semen
» 10 microlitres of SpermMar IgA Latex particles
This can be done by means of the 10 microlitres capillary
pipettes, if provided in the kit.
Note: To use the microcapillary pipettes, insert the end of
the pipette marked with a heavy black line into the rubber
bulb (approximately 5 mm). Allow pipette to fill by capillary
action to the first mark (10 microlitres). Do not draw liquid
into the bulb. Place tip of finger over the top of the bulb.
Holding the bulb between thumb and middle finger, gently
squeeze the bulb to expel the liquid from the pipette.
3. Mix the sample and the latex reagent 5 times with
the edge of a cover glass.
4. The cover glass is put on the mixture and the mixture
is observed under a light microscope using a 400x to
600x magnification. The use of phase contrast or dark
field illumination may facilitate reading the slide.
When the test is performed properly, the absence of antisperm antibodies will be shown by freely moving spermatozoa not covered by Latex particles. The Latex particles
may, but usually do not agglutinate among themselves. In
the presence of antisperm antibodies the spermatozoa will
react with the particles and one, later several particles
will attach to all or a proportion of the motile spermatozoa.
The percentage of motile spermatozoa showing this mixed
agglutination is directly related with the severity of the
immunological reaction.
In general, the proportion of motile spermatozoa reacting
in the SpermMar IgA test is smaller than that reacting in
the SpermMar IgG test, but the contrary may occasionally
occur (12). In rare cases there is a positive reaction in the
SpermMar IgA test in the absence of any reaction in the
SpermMar IgG test, indicating the presence of secretory
antibodies of the IgA class without antibodies of the IgG
class. Occurrence of mixed agglutination reaction of 40% or
more in semen and 10% or more in cervical mucus indicate
a positive reaction to the SpermMar IgA test.
LIMITATIONS OF THE METHOD
The direct SpermMar IgA test can only be performed if motile
spermatozoa are present in the semen sample. Samples with
very low sperm concentration or motility may yield false
negative results.
13. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION: Towards more objectivity in diagnosis and management of male infertility.
Int J Androl, 1987, Suppl 7.14. KREMER J. and JAGER S.:
The significance of antisperm antibodies for spermcervical mucus interaction. Hum. Reprod., 1992, 7 : 781-784.
14. KAY D.J. and BOETTCHER B.: Comparison of the
SpermMar test with currently accepted procedures for
detecting human sperm antibodies. Reprod. Fer. Dev.,
1992, 4, 175-181.
15. ACKERMAN S., Mc GUIRE G., FULGHAM D.L. and
ALEXANDER N.: An evaluation of a commercially
available assay for the detection of antisperm antibodies.
Fertil Steril 1988, 49 : 732-734.
16. BRONSON R, COOPER G and ROSENFELD D: Sperm
antibodies: their role in infertility. Fertil Steril, 1984,
42: 171-183.
17. CLARKE GN, STOJANOFF A, CAUCHI MN and JOHNSTON
WIH: The immunoglobulin class of antispermatozoal
antibodies in serum. Am J Reprod Immunol Microbiol,
1985, 7: 143-147.
18. HINTING A, VERMEULEN L and COMHAIRE F: The
indirect mixed antiglobulin reaction test using a commercially available kit for the detection of antisperm antibodies in serum. Fertil Steril, 1988, 49 :1039-1044.
19. MEINERTZ H and HJORT T: Detection of autoimmunity
to sperm: mixed antiglobulin reaction (MAR) test or
sperm agglutination? A study on 537 men from infertile
couples. Fertil Steril, 1986, 46 : 86-91.
20. PARSLOW JM, POULTON TA, BESSER GM and HENDRY
WF: The clinical relevance of classes of immunoglobulins on spermatozoa from infertile and vasectomized
males. Fertil Steril, 1985, 43 : 621.
21. RUMKE P and HELLINGA: Autoantibodies against
spermatozoa in sterile men. Am J Clin Pathol, 1959, 32 :
357-363.
22. UELING DT: Secretory IgA in seminal fluid. Fertil Steril,
1971, 22 : 769-773.
23. WILSON L: Sperm agglutinins in human semen and
blood. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med, 1954, 85 : 652-655.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Several hundreds of semen samples have been tested
with the direct mixed antiglobuline reaction and the direct
SpermMar test for IgG. The results were similar in 97% of
the cases. In 3% of the cases the SpermMar test detected
antibodies whereas the mixed antiglobulin reaction test
using coated red blood cells was negative. In such cases
the proportion of spermatozoa reacting in the SpermMar test
usually was low (14). The results of the SpermMar IgA test
were proven accurate after comparison with immunofluorescence and nephelometry.
FertiPro N.V.
Industriepark Noord 32, 8730 Beernem, Belgium
Tel +32 (0)50 79 18 05
Fax +32 (0)50 79 17 99
URL: www.fertipro.com
E-mail: info@fertipro.com
REAGENT STORAGE
When stored properly, SpermMar IgA reagent is stable for 12
months from date of manufacturing. SpermMar IgA reagent
must be stored at between 2° and 8°C when not in use. DO
NOT FREEZE REAGENT.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Handle all specimens as if capable of transmitting HIV or
hepatitis. Always wear protective clothing when handling
specimens. SpermMar IgA contains 0.1% Bovine Serum
Albumin of US origin.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. BOETTCHER B., HJORT T., RUMKE Ph., SHULMAN S. and
VYAZOV O.E. (eds.): Auto and iso-antibodies to antigens of the human reproductive system. 1. Results of
an international comparative study of antibodies to
spermatozoa and other antigens detected in sera from
infertile patients deposited in the WHO Reference bank
for reproductive immunology. Acta Pathol Microbiol
Scand, 1977, 258 (suppl.) : 1-69
2. COMHAIRE F.H. and KUNNEN M.: Factors affecting
the probability of conception after treatment of subfertile
men with varicocele by transcatheter embolisation with
Bucrylate. Fertil Steril, 1985, 43: 781-786.
3. FRIBERG J.: Immunoglobulin concentration in serum and
seminal fluid from men with and without sperm-agglutinating antibodies. Obstet. Gynecol., 1980, 136 : 671-675.
4. GOLOMB J., VARDINON H., HOMONNAI Z.T., BRAF Z.
and YUST I.: Demonstration of antispermatozoal antibodies in varicocele-related infertility with an enzymlinked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Fertil Steril, 1986,
45 : 397-402.
5. JAGER S., KREMER J. and
VAN SLOCHTEREN-DRAAISMA T.:
A simple method of screening for antisperm antibodies
in the human male. Detection of spermatozoal surface
IgG with the direct mixed antiglobulin reaction carried
out on untreated fresh human semen. Int. J. Fertil., 1978,
23 : 12-21.
6. JAGER S., KREMER J., KUIKEN J. and
VAN SLOCHTEREN-DRAAISMA T.: Immunoglobulin class
of antispermatozoal antibodies from infertile men and
inhibition of in vitro sperm penetration into cervical
mucus, IntJ. Androl., 1980, 3: 1-14.
7. RUMKE P.: The origin of immunoglobulins in semen. Clin.
Exp. Immunol., 1976, 17 : 287-297.
8. SHULMAN J.F. and SHULMAN S.: Methylprednisolone
treatment of immunologic infertility in the male. Fertil
Steril, 1982, 38 : 591-599.
9. STEDRONSKA J. and HENDRY W.F.: The value of the
mixed antiglobulin reaction (MAR-Test) as an addition to
routine seminal analysis in the evaluation of the subfertile
couple. Am. J. Reprod. Immunol., 1983, 3 : 89-91.
10. VERMEULEN L. and COMHAIRE F.H.: Le test <MAR> aux
particules de Latex, et le test spermatoxique selon
Suominen : simplification et nouveauté dans l’arsenal
du diagnostique immunologique. ContraceptionFertilité-Sexualité, 1983, 11 (suppl.) : 381-384.
11. W.H.O. 1984: Workshop on the standardized investigation of the infertile couple, moderator P. Rowe, coordinator M. Darling. Fertil Steril (eds) R.F. HARRISON,
J. BONNAR and W. THOMPSON. Publ. M.T.P.-Press Ltd.
(Lancaster, Boston, The Hague, Dordrecht), 1984, 427-431.
12. W.H.O.: Laboratory manual for the examination and
processing of human semen. W.H.O., 5th Edition, 2010.
Doc. reference: FP09 I01 R01 E.1
Edition: 25.11.2014
SpermMarTest_IgA_IgG_07.11.14.indd 1
25/11/14 11:22
SpermMar IgG Test
A qualitative Latex Test for detection
of Sperm Antibodies.
Preservative: Sodium azide 0.09%.
Store at 2° to 8° C - Do Not Freeze.
Reagent for Professional Use Only.
INTENDED USE
The SpermMar IgG test is a diagnostic kit for detecting
antisperm antibodies of the IgG class in human semen, cervical mucus or serum. The direct SpermMar IgG test can be
performed on untreated human semen provided it contains
motile spermatozoa, the indirect SpermMar IgG test can be
used on serum and cervical mucus.
The presence of antisperm antibodies can interfere with
sperm function and zona binding and the acrosome reaction.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The presence of sperm antibodies reacting with antigens
on the spermatozoa is considered as typical and specific
for immunological infertility (2, 4, 11). These antibodies are
found in approximately 8% of infertile men (13).
Sperm antibodies belong to two immunological classes;
IgA and IgG antibodies. There are some data indicating
IgA to be more clinically important than IgG antibodies.
However, IgA antibodies rarely occur without IgG antibodies.
Therefore, testing for IgG antibodies is sufficient for routine
screening (6,7,14).
The direct SpermMar IgG Test is performed by mixing fresh,
untreated semen with latex particles that have been coated
with human IgG. To this mixture a monospecific antihuman
IgG antiserum is added. The formation of agglutinates
between particles and motile spermatozoa indicates the
presence of IgG antibodies on the spermatozoa (1,5,9,10). In
the Indirect SpermMar IgG Test washed motile donor spermatozoa are incubated with diluted and de-complemented
patient serum of male or female origin.
If the serum contains antisperm antibodies, these will cover
the donor spermatozoa which will react positively in a subsequent SpermMar IgG Test.
PRODUCT ORDER CODES
SPMG_S
SPMG_C
SpermMar IgG single – 50 tests
SpermMar IgG complete – 50 tests
MATERIALS INCLUDED WITH THE TEST
»
»
»
»
»
»
1 vial containing 0.7 ml SpermMar IgG Latex Particles
1 vial containing 0.7 ml SpermMar IgG Antiserum
Micro Slides 76 x 26 mm*
Cover-glasses 24 x 40 mm*
Microcapillary pipettes calibrated at 10 microlitres*
Rubber bulb*
* complete kit only
MATERIALS NOT INCLUDED WITH THE TEST
» Light microscope (with 400x to 600x magnification,
bright field, dark field or phase contrast)
» EBSS medium without added protein for the indirect
SpermMar IgG test (e.g. Sigma-Aldrich - E2888)
» Cervical mucus aspiration device (e.g.In/Out - Gynetics,
Belgium; Spirette™ - CCD, France; Aspiglaire™ CBS, France)
» Non spermicidal condom (e.g. Male Factor Pak – FertiPro NV)
» Microtiter plate (e.g. Kima 650 101)
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
SPECIMEN COLLECTION & PREPARATION
Semen collection by masturbation is preferred. Where
particular circumstances discourage collection by masturbation, specific plastic condoms are available from FertiPro for
semen collection (e.g. Male Factor Pak). Ordinary condoms
should not be used for semen collection because they may
interfere with the motility and viability of the spermatozoa.
Ideally, semen should be examined within 1 hour after
ejaculation. Cervical mucus can be aspirated using a device
specially designed for this purpose (e.g. In/Out - Gynetics,
Belgium; Spirette™ - Laboratoire CCD, France; Aspiglaire
- CBS, France).
REAGENT PREPARATION
SpermMar IgG Latex Particles are ready to use, however,
they should be thoroughly mixed before use to provide a
homogeneous suspension. SpermMar IgG Antiserum is
ready to use.
DIRECT SPERMMAR IGG TEST
1. Allow the reagents and specimens to adjust to room
temperature.
2. On a micro slide place :
» 10 microlitres of fresh untreated semen
» 10 microlitres of SpermMar IgG Latex Particles
» 10 microlitres of SpermMar IgG Antiserum
This can be done by means of the provided 10 microlitres
capillary pipettes (complete test).
Note: To use the microcapillary pipettes: Insert the end of
the pipette marked with the heavy black line into the rubber
bulb (approximately 5 mm). Allow the pipette to fill by
capillary action to the first mark (10 microlitres). Do not
draw liquid into the rubber bulb. Holding the bulb between
the thumb and the middle finger, gently squeeze the bulb to
expel the liquid from the pipette.
3. Mix the sample and the Latex reagent 5 times with the
edge of a cover glass.
4. Mix the Antiserum with the Latex reagent and
sample mixture.
5. The cover glass is put on the mixture and the mixture is
observed under a light microscope using a 400x or a
600x magnification (phase contrast or dark field illumination may facilitate reading of the slides).
6. Read the result after 2-3 minutes. Observe for latex particles attached to motile sperm. Count 100 spermatozoa
to determine the percentage reactive sperm.
If no attachment of beads to sperm is observed,
read again after 10 minutes.
Note: Keep the preparation in a damp chamber (e.g. a Petri dish
containing a moistened piece of filter paper).
INDIRECT SPERMMAR IGG TEST
1. Allow all reagents and specimens to adjust to room
temperature.
2. Inactivate the serum specimens by heating them at 56°C
for 30 minutes if glass test-tubes are used, 45 minutes if
plastic test-tubes are used.
3. Adjust the pH (by adding 0.1N NaOH or HCl) of the EBSS
to 7.4 - 7.5.
4. Wash the motile donor spermatozoa by letting them swim up
in the pH adjusted medium (pH = 7.4 - 7.5). Swim up has
to be done in 5 ml glass or sterile plastic test-tubes with
round bottom at 37°C for 45 minutes Adjust the sperm
concentration to 20x106 sp/ml with EBSS medium
(pH = 7.4 - 7.5)
5. Serially dilute the inactivated serum specimen 1/16 with
EBSS medium (pH = 7.4 - 7.5) in a titre plate
6. Mix 50 microlitres of the (1/16) diluted, inactivated serum
specimen (step 5) with 50 microlitres of the washed motile
donor sperm (step 4) in a free well on the titre plate.
Incubate for 60 minutes at 37°C.
7. On a micro slide place :
» 10 microlitres of the sperm-serum mixture
» 10 microlitres of SpermMar IgG Latex Particles
» 10 microlitres of SpermMar IgG Antiserum
8. Mix the sample and the Latex reagent 5 times with the edge
of a cover glass.
9. Mix the Antiserum with the Latex reagent and
sample mixture.
10. The cover glass is put on the mixture and the mixture is
observed under a light microscope using a 400x or 600x
magnification (phase contrast or dark field illumination may
also be used to facilitate reading)
11. Read the results after 2-3 minutes. Observe for latex
particles attached to motile sperm. Count 100 spermatozoa
to determine the percentage reactive sperm.
If no attachment of particles to sperm is observed, read
again after 10 minutes.
SpermMar IgG Test
positive and negative
controls
» The SpermMar IgG positive control test should yield
80% or more of the motile spermatozoa covered with latex
particles.
» The SpermMar IgG negative control should yield 20% or
less spermatozoa covered with latex particles.
LIMITATIONS OF THE PROCEDURE
Controls for use with the Indirect Test
for Determination of Sperm Antibodies
(SpermMar IgG)
The indirect SpermMar IgG Test can only be performed if
motile spermatozoa are present in the semen.
Preservative: Sodium azide 0.09%.
Store at 2° to 8° C - Do Not Freeze.
Reagent for Professional Use Only.
When stored properly, SpermMar IgG control sera are stable
for 18 months from the date of manufacturing. SpermMar
IgG control sera must be stored at 2° to 8°C when not in use.
REAGENT STORAGE
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
INTENDED USE
The SpermMar IgG positive and SpermMar IgG negative
control are designed to be used as quality control with the
SpermMar IgG Test.
All human, organic material should be considered potentially
infectious. Handle all specimens as if capable of transmitting HIV or hepatitis. Always wear protective clothing when
handling specimens.
Although SpermMar IgG Positive and Negative controls have
been tested for HIV and hepatitis the user should always
wear protective clothing when handling the control sera.
GENERAL INFORMATION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Note: Keep the preparation in a damp chamber (e.g. a Petri dish
containing a moistened piece of filter paper). To prevent evaporation during incubation, always cover with Parafilm.
The presence of sperm antibodies reacting with antigens
on the spermatozoa is considered as typical and specific for
immunological infertility (2,4,11). Sperm antibodies belong
to two immunological classes; IgA and IgG antibodies. There
are some data indicating IgA to be more clinically important
than IgG antibodies. However, IgA antibodies rarely occur
without IgG antibodies. Therefore, testing for IgG antibodies
is sufficient as a routine screening method (6,7,14).
In the Indirect SpermMar IgG Test washed motile donor
spermatozoa are incubated with diluted, de-complemented
patient serum of male or female origin. If the serum
contains antisperm antibodies, these will cover the donor
spermatozoa which will react positively in a subsequent
SpermMar IgG Test.
The SpermMar IgG positive control contains ready-to-use
patient serum with antisperm antibodies levels higher than
80%. The SpermMar IgG negative control contains readyto-use patient serum with antisperm antibodies levels of
below 20%.
RESULTS
PRODUCT CODES AND KIT CONTENTS
When the test is properly performed, the absence of sperm
antibodies will be shown by freely moving spermatozoa not
covered by latex particles. The latex particles themselves will
form growing agglutinates thus proving the reactivity of the
reagents. In the presence of sperm antibodies however, the
spermatozoa will be partially covered by latex particles. In
some cases the spermatozoa might even be immobilized by
the massive amount of adherent latex particles. In the direct
SpermMar IgG Test, the diagnosis of immunological infertility
is suspected when 10-39% of the motile spermatozoa are
covered by latex particles; if 40% or more of the spermatozoa
are covered, immunological infertility is highly probable.
Additional tests should confirm the diagnosis. Whenever a
positive result is obtained it is recommended to perform the
SpermMar IgA test. In the indirect SpermMar IgG Test, the
occurrence of 40% or more reaction between the coated
latex particles and motile spermatozoa is generally accepted
as the lower limit of significant activity.
SPMG_P
SPMG_N
See reverse side.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
FertiPro N.V.
Industriepark Noord 32, 8730 Beernem, Belgium
Tel +32 (0)50 79 18 05
Fax +32 (0)50 79 17 99
URL: www.fertipro.com
E-mail: info@fertipro.com
1 vial with 2.5 ml of positive control serum
for the SpermMar IgG test
1 vial with 2.5 ml of negative control serum
for the SpermMar IgG test
MATERIAL INCLUDED WITH THE TEST
» 1 vial with 2.5ml de-complemented patient serum diluted
in FertiCult Flushing medium without human serum albumin
MATERIALS NOT INCLUDED WITH THE TEST
SpermMar IgG Test
Microscope slides
Cover glasses
Light microscope (with 400x to 600x magnification, bright
field, dark field or phase contrast)
» EBSS medium (e.g. Sigma-Aldrich – E2888)
» Microtiter plate (e.g. Kima 650 101)
»
»
»
»
LIMITATIONS OF THE METHOD
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
The direct SpermMar IgG Test can only be performed if
motile spermatozoa are present in the semen. Samples with
poor motility may yield false negative results in those cases
it is suggested to perform the indirect SpermMar IgG test.
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
DIRECT SPERMMAR IGG TEST
Several hundreds of semen samples were tested with the
direct MAR-Test (mixed antiglobulin reaction based on red
blood cells) and with the SpermMar IgG Test. The results
were similar in 97% of the cases. In 3% of the cases the
MAR-Test based on red blood cells was negative while the
SpermMar IgG Test detected antibody coated spermatozoa,
though in relatively small numbers (<40%), thus proving the
higher sensitivity of the SpermMar IgG Test (10,16).
INDIRECT SPERMMAR IGG TEST
Using the value of 40% reaction between motile spermatozoa
and coated Latex particles as the lower limit of significant
activity, the indirect SpermMar IgG Test was found positive
in some cases with negative results of the Tray Agglutination
Test, or other currently accepted procedures.
The SpermMar IgG Test was proven easier to use and more
sensitive (15). A false negative indirect SpermMar IgG Test
in comparison with the Tray Agglutination Test occurred in
cases with IgM in serum, the clinical significance of which
is doubtful. It is recommended to confirm a positive result
of the indirect SpermMar IgG Test by additional tests for
the detection of agglutinating activity (Tray Agglutination
Test) and of cytotoxic activity, such as the ATP-Release
cytotoxicity test. The latter tests will also assess the type of
immunological effect exerted by the antisperm antibodies.
REAGENT STORAGE
SpermMar IgG test reagents are stable for 18 months from
the date of manufacturing. SpermMar IgG test reagents must
be stored at 2° to 8°C when not in use. DO NOT FREEZE.
REAGENT PREPARATION
SpermMar IgG Positive and Negative control are ready to use.
Allow to adjust to room temperature before use.
SPECIMEN COLLECTION AND PREPARATION
The donor semen should be collected by masturbation
or by other methods recommended by the physician.
Preferentially, semen should be examined within 1 hour
after ejaculation.
PROCEDURE
1. Allow all reagents and specimens to adjust to room
temperature.
2. Wash the motile donor spermatozoa by letting them
swim up in the pH adjusted EBSS medium (pH = 7.4 - 7.5).
Swim up has to be done in 5 ml glass or sterile plastic
test-tubes with round bottom at 37°C for 45 minutes.
Adjust the sperm concentration to 20x10 6 sp/ml with
medium (pH = 7.4 - 7.5).
3. Mix 50 microlitres of control serum with 50 microlitres
of the washed motile donor sperm in a free well on the
microtiter plate. Let incubate for 60 minutes at 37°C.
4. On a micro slide place :
» 10 microlitres of the sperm-serum mixture
» 10 microlitres of SpermMar IgG Latex Particles
» 10 microlitres of SpermMar IgG Antiserum
5. Mix the sample and the Latex reagent 5 times with the
edge of a cover glass.
6. Also mix the Antiserum with the Latex reagent and
sample mixture.
7. The cover glass is put on the mixture and the mixture
is observed under a light microscope using a 400x or
600x magnification (phase contrast or dark field illumination may also be used to facilitate reading).
8. Read the results after 2-3 minutes. Observe for latex
particles attached to motile sperm. Count 100 spermatozoa to determine the percentage reactive sperm. If no
attachment of particles to sperm is observed, read again
after 10 minutes.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
All human, organic material should be considered potentially
infectious. Handle all specimens as if capable of transmitting HIV or hepatitis. Always wear protective clothing when
handling specimens.
SpermMar IgG latex particles contains 0.1% Bovine Serum
Albumin of US origin.
SpermMar IgG latex particles are coated with human IgG, all
materials used have been tested by their original manufacturer for Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV.
Note: Keep the preparation in a damp chamber (e.g. a Petri dish
containing a moistened piece of filter paper). To prevent evaporation during incubation, always cover with Parafilm.
RESULTS
When the test is properly performed, the absence of sperm
antibodies will be shown by freely moving spermatozoa not
covered by latex particles. The latex particles themselves will
form growing agglutinates thus proving the reactivity of the
reagents. In the presence of sperm antibodies however, the
spermatozoa will be partially covered by latex particles. In
some cases the spermatozoa might even be immobilized by
the massive amount of adherent latex particles.
Doc. reference: FP09 I01 R01 E.1
Edition: 25.11.2014
SpermMarTest_IgA_IgG_07.11.14.indd 2
25/11/14 11:22
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