Polmaddie2 User Manual Issue – 1.0

Polmaddie2 User Manual
Issue – 1.0
2
Foreword
PLEASE READ THIS ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE PLUGGING IN
OR POWERING UP YOUR POLMADDIE2 BOARD.
PLEASE TAKE SPECIAL NOTE OF THE WARNINGS WITHIN
THIS MANUAL.
Trademarks
Altera and Quartus II are trademarks of Altera Corporation, 101 Innovation Drive, San Jose.
Polmaddie2 is a trademark of Enterpoint Ltd.
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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CONTENTS
Foreword
Trademarks
Introduction
Finding your way around
Getting Started
POLMADDIE FEATURES
POWER
IO HEADERS
CPLD
OSCLILLATOR
LEDS
SWITCHES
USB INTERFACE
PROGRAMMING POLMADDIE2
MECHANICAL ARRANGEMENT
Medical and Safety Critical Use
Warranty
Support
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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10
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16
17
17
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Introduction
Welcome to your Polmaddie2 board. Polmaddie is Enterpoint’s low cost product
range that offers an economical way to begin programming with CPLDs and FPGAs.
The aim of this manual is to assist in using the main features of Polmaddie2.
The Polmaddie board comes in several variants based on different devices.
Polmaddie2 is based on an Altera EPM3128ATI144-7 CPLD.
Figure 1 – Polmaddie2 Board
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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Finding Your Way Around
Figure 2 – Polmaddie2 Features
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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Getting Started
Your Polmaddie2 will be supplied pre-programmed with a ‘traffic lights’ test design. The test
design will allow the user to determine that the LEDs and the push button switches of the
Polmaddie2 board are working. To use this test you must do the following:
(1) Apply power to the Polmaddie2 board, either by connecting a 5V power supply to the 2.1mm
jack socket or by plugging a cable into the USB socket, either from a USB power supply adapter or
a PC. The current consumed by the Polmaddie2 running the test program is approximately 60mA.
(2) The LEDs should light in a ‘traffic lights’ sequence. There is also Power indicator LED which
will light to show that power is present and the 3.3V regulator is working.
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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Polmaddie2 Features
Power Input
Polmaddie2 is powered either by connecting a 5V power supply to the 2.1mm jack socket or by
plugging a cable into the USB socket, either from a USB power supply adapter or a PC.
The 5V supply is used to power the USB interface and to supply the regulator which produces 3.3V
to power the CPLD, the LEDs and the oscillator. 3.3V is also available on pin 2 of each of the IO
headers. If you decide to use this as a source of power for external circuitry please remember that
the maximum total power available from the 3.3V Regulator is 1 Amp.
Figure 3 – Polmaddie2 Power Supply Features.
WARNING – THE REGULATOR MAY BECOME HOT IN NORMAL
OPERATION ALONG WITH THE BOARDS THERMAL RELIEF. PLEASE
DO NOT TOUCH OR PLACE HIGHLY FLAMABLE MATERIALS NEAR
THESE DEVICES WHILST THE POLMADDIE2 BOARD IS IN
OPERATION.
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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IO Headers
Figure 4 – Polmaddie2 Headers
The three 40-pin IDC Headers provide a simple mechanical and electrical interface for external
signal inputs. The connectors on this header are on a 0.1inch (2.54mm), pitch and allow other
electronic circuitry or user-designed add-on boards to be connected.
The headers each have 20 IOs routed to the CPLD. These are NOT 5V tolerant, the maximum
input voltage should be limited to 3.3V. They each also have a permanent positive power pin on pin
2 and 19 permanent 0V connections as shown below:
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
LEFT HEADER
TOP HEADER
CPLD
PIN
37
38
32
31
30
29
28
27
25
23
22
21
18
16
15
14
11
10
9
8
CPLD
PIN
143
142
141
140
139
138
137
136
134
133
132
131
119
118
117
116
113
112
111
110
USE
IO40
IO39
IO38
IO37
IO36
IO35
IO34
IO33
IO32
IO31
IO30
IO29
IO28
IO27
IO26
IO25
IO24
IO23
IO22
IO21
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
USE
3.3V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
USE
IO20
IO19
IO18
IO17
IO16
IO15
IO14
IO13
IO12
IO11
IO10
IO9
IO8
IO7
IO6
IO5
IO4
IO3
IO2
IO1
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
RIGHT HEADER
USE
3.3V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
USE
IO60
IO59
IO58
IO57
IO56
IO55
IO54
IO53
IO52
IO51
IO50
IO49
IO48
IO47
IO46
IO45
IO44
IO43
IO42
IO41
CPLD
PIN
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
93
92
91
88
87
86
84
83
82
81
80
72
71
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
USE
3.3V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
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CPLD
The main device on the Polmaddie2 is the Altera EPM3128ATI144-7. It has 128 macrocells.
OSCILLATOR
The single oscillator socket on Polmaddie2 supports a 3.3V, 8-pin DIL outline oscillator. This
clock signal is routed directly through to the CPLD on Pin 125, which is a global clock input.
Figure 5 – Polmaddie2 Oscillator
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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LEDs
Polmaddie2 has 13 LEDs.
LED 13 is a green power indicator LED and indicates the presence of the 3.3V supply. It cannot be
controlled by the CPLD.
LEDs 1 to 12 are arranged in 4 blocks of three, each block having one red, one orange and one
green LED. This means they can be used to simulate traffic lights. They are all controlled by the
CPLD. They connect to the CPLD as shown below:
LED
LED1
LED2
LED3
LED4
LED5
LED6
CPLD PIN
7
6
5
106
107
109
COLOUR
GREEN
ORANGE
RED
GREEN
ORANGE
RED
LED
LED7
LED8
LED9
LED10
LED11
LED12
Figure 6 – Polmaddie2 LEDs
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
CPLD PIN
41
40
39
74
78
79
COLOUR
GREEN
ORANGE
RED
GREEN
ORANGE
RED
12
Switches
Polmaddie2 has two push button switches; to use these switches a back driven scanning pulse
technique has to be used for these to be useful. This technique involves momentary driving the
attached pin of the CPLD high for 1 clock pulse then examining the pin as an input to see if it is
low. This process has to be repeated once every ¼ second.
The two switches are connected to the following IO pins:
SWITCH 1
54
SWITCH 2
67
Figure 7 – Polmaddie2 Switches
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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USB Interface
The USB interface on the Polmaddie2 is achieved using an FT232R USB to serial
UART interface. The datasheet and drivers for this device are available from
http://www.ftdichip.com. When appropriate drivers are installed the Polmaddie2 USB
port should be detected as a serial port. Alternative data optimised drivers are also
available from FTDI.
The FT232R is connected to the CPLD and provided a simple UART, or other
converter, is implemented then the data sent over the USB serial port can be used
either as control and/or data information. This allows a host computer to act in a
number of ways including system control and data storage functions.
The FT232R can also supply a clock to the CPLD using CBUS4 I/O. This I/O can be
programmed by tools available from FTDI to output different frequencies or other
functions. The FT232R can provide clock frequencies of 6/12/24/48MHz.
The connections between the USB device and the CPLD are shown below:
FT232R
CBUS4 (USB CLOCK)
CTS#
DCD#
DSR#
RI#
RTS#
DTR#
TXD
RXD
CPLD PIN
128
42
44
45
53
60
65
68
55
The FT232R connections CBUS0 to CBUS3 are routed via a resistor array site RA2
(resistor array not fitted) to the JTAG connector for future use in reconfiguring the
CPLD via a USB interface, a scenario which is theoretically possible but not so far
established. These connections, were the resistor array to be fitted, would be as
shown below:
FT232R
CBUS0
CBUS1
CBUS2
CBUS3
JTAG SIGNAL
TMS
TCK
TDI
TDO
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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Programming Polmaddie2
The programming of the CPLD on Polmaddie2 can be achieved using the QuartusII programming
tool.It is anticipated that a JTAG connection will be used in conjunction with this software. There is
a single JTAG chain on Polmaddie2 which allows the programming of the CPLD.
Figure 8– Polmaddie2 JTAG
The JTAG connector has a layout as follows:
GND
NC (pin14)
GND
NC
GND
TDI
GND
TDO
GND
TCK
GND
TMS
GND (pin1)
3.3V
Figure 9– Polmaddie2 JTAG CHAIN
Generation of suitable .pof files and control of the JTAG chain can be achieved using the QuartusII
software. The Programming interface appears as shown below to program the CPL with the PM2
traffic lights program:
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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The Enterpoint PROG4 cable or an Altera USB Blaster programming cable can be used to program
the Polmaddie2. The CPLD can be added manually or auto-detected by the software, so that the
screen will appear as above. Checking the ‘Program/Configure’ box (as above) and then clicking
‘Start’ should initiate programming of the Polmaddie2.
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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Mechanical Arrangement
Dimensions are in millimetres. The three 40-way connectors are arranged on a 0.1 inch grid relative
to eachother.
Figure 10– Polmaddie2 Mechanical Arrangement
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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Medical and Safety Critical Use
Polmaddie2 boards are not authorised for the use in, or use in the design of, medical or other safety
critical systems without the express written person of the Board of Enterpoint. If such use is
allowed the said use will be entirely the responsibility of the user. Enterpoint Ltd will accepts no
liability for any failure or defect of the Polmaddie2 board, or its design, when it is used in any
medical or safety critical application
Warranty
Polmaddie2 comes with a 90 return to base warranty. Enterpoint reserves the right not honour a
warranty if the failure is due to maltreatment of the Polmaddie2 board.
Outside the warranty period Enterpoint offers a fixed price repair or replacement service. We
reserve the right not to offer this service where a Polmaddie2 has been maltreated or otherwise
deliberately damaged. Please contact support if need to use this service.
Other specialised warranty programs can be offered to users of multiple Enterpoint products.
Please contact sales on boardsales@enterpoint.co.uk if you are interested in these types of warranty,
Support
Enterpoint offers support during normal United Kingdom working hours 9.00am to 5.00pm. Please
examine our Polmaddie2 FAQ web page and the contents of this manual before raising a support
query. We can be contacted as follows:
Telephone
Email
- +44 (0) 121 288 3945
- support@enterpoint.co.uk
© Enterpoint Ltd. – Polmaddie2 Manual – Issue 1.0 11/06/2010
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