Telic Standard BC

User Manual for

Telic Standard BC

1 A Word in Advance

Thank you very much for choosing to purchase a remote surveillance module from

Telic!

The remote surveillance modules of the Telic locate product line belong to a highly-esteemed class of devices. Especially noteworthy is the price-performance ratio of these devices.

The device can immediately inform you if your vehicle is, for instance, forcibly removed from its location. Using the coordinates transmitted from the device, you, a security centre or the police can determine where the monitored object is.

Furthermore, using optional sensors attached to the device, you can be immediately informed if something with your vehicle is not as it should be.

We wish you lots of success with your new Telic device!

We have carefully checked the information that follows for accuracy. The documentation is, however, not a warranty of product attributes. Telic strictly adheres to the established sales and delivery terms.

Propagation or duplication of the product’s documentation or software and its contents are only permitted with written permission from Telic GmbH.

Trademarks

The Telic logo and the terms Telic and Telic Standard BC are registered trademarks of Telic GmbH.

All other names and labels used in this document are the registered trademarks of their respective owners.

Telic does not preclude the possibility to change the data in question without announcement and takes no responsibility for technical imprecision and/or omissions.

Oberhaching, den 16. Februar 2007

© 2006 Telic GmbH, Oberhaching

Version: 100

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2 Tips for the use of this manual

This documentation is directed towards users of the remote control unit Telic

Standard BC.

In order to bring you this documentation several employees from different departments of the company have worked together to bring you the best possible support for the use of your Telic product.

If you should, however, find a mistake, or would like to provide a suggestion, please send an e-mail directly to

E-Mail: [email protected]

This documentation should help you to take advantage of the many functions of the device. Please read it through carefully.

If you are in a hurry and would like to catch up with the details later, then

skip to Chapter 14 “Quick Start“ on page 39.

There you can find a concise tutorial which will get you up and running in no time.

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4 Content of this manual

1 A Word in Advance ............................................................................................2

2 Tips for the use of this manual.............................................................................3

3 Package Contents ..............................................................................................4

4 Content of this manual .......................................................................................5

5 Introduction .......................................................................................................8

5.1

What is a remote surveillance module?...................................................8

5.2

Operational Range................................................................................8

5.3

5.4

What means GPRS? ..............................................................................9

Precision of the GPS Position..................................................................9

5.5

What are the necessary components of a remote surveillance module? 11

5.5.1 Power Source ..............................................................................11

5.5.2 Antennas.....................................................................................11

5.5.3 Mobile Technology – SIM card .....................................................11

5.5.4 If possible, avoid prepaid SIM cards!.............................................11

5.6

Getting started ....................................................................................12

5.6.1 First Step: Open the Device..........................................................12

5.6.2 Second Step: Insert the SIM Card..................................................12

5.6.3 Third Step: Replace the Cover ......................................................14

5.6.4 Fourth Step: Connecting the Antennas ..........................................14

5.6.5 Fifth Step: Connecting the Unit to the Vehicle ................................15

5.6.6 Sixth Step: Mounting the Remote Surveillance Module....................20

5.6.7 Switching the device on and off ....................................................21

6 The tracking via a tracking program or a tracking server.....................................22

7 General functionality of Telic Standard BC.........................................................22

8 The Digital Inputs .............................................................................................23

9 The digital Outputs...........................................................................................24

9.1

Switch of the digital outputs .................................................................24

9.2

Automatic answer of the digital outputs.................................................24

10 The analog inputs ............................................................................................25

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10.1

Board net-voltage (analog input 1).......................................................25

10.2

Battery-voltage (analog input 2) ...........................................................25

11 The Serial Interface...........................................................................................25

11.1

Internal Debugging Messages ..............................................................26

11.2

The transparent GSM-modem Mode ....................................................29

11.2.1 Switching from VTU Mode to the GSM-modem Mode..................29

11.2.2 Switching from GSM-modem Mode to VTU Mode .......................29

12 Other Features.................................................................................................29

12.1

Testing the Device ...............................................................................29

12.1.1 Verification of the LEDs Blinking Patterns .....................................30

12.1.2 Test Transmission of a Status Report............................................32

12.2

Buffering of Data while GSM Reception is bad ......................................32

12.3

Reset of Telic Standard BC remote control unit......................................32

12.4

The integrated Watchdog ....................................................................32

13 The Status message..........................................................................................33

13.1

Content of a Status Report ...................................................................33

13.1.1 Event- and Log-Codes ...............................................................34

13.1.2 The Kilometer Counter...............................................................35

13.2

Strategies for Status Report Generation.................................................36

13.2.1 Distance based status reports .....................................................36

13.2.2 Direction based Status Reports....................................................37

13.2.3 Status Reports due to Special Events............................................37

13.2.4 The Speed Filter.........................................................................37

13.3

Information about some special Situations ............................................38

13.3.1 First Position of a new Route.......................................................38

13.3.2 Last Position of a new Route .......................................................38

14 Quick Start ......................................................................................................39

14.1

Hardware Installation ..........................................................................39

14.2

Quick test...........................................................................................39

15 Factory settings ................................................................................................39

15.1

SIM Card specific Parameters...............................................................40

15.1.1 PIN Code of the SIM Card .........................................................40

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15.1.2 Roaming...................................................................................40

15.2

Default Values.....................................................................................41

16 Error Handling .................................................................................................41

17 Power consumption ..........................................................................................45

18 Technical information.......................................................................................45

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5 Introduction

5.1

What is a remote surveillance module?

A remote surveillance module is the combination of a compact computer system with various interfaces, a GSM modem (mobile phone without a keypad or display), and a GPS receiver to receive satellite-supported location information.

But, what does GPS mean?

GPS means “Global Positioning System“. Originally, this satellite tracking system was developed by the U.S. Military for its own purposes.

A GPS receiver is able to determine its position on the earth’s surface and its height above sea level to within a few meters. To accomplish this amazing feat,

24 satellites at a height of 20,183 km continuously cross our planet in six different patterns. They continuously send location data and time signals using an atomic clock.

GPS receivers simultaneously receive the signals of up to 12 satellites and compare the time of reception with their own built-in clock. Since the satellites operate at different distances from the receiver, the signal delay indicates the distance of the various satellites to the remote surveillance module. Using this difference, the GPS receiver is able to calculate its own position.

In order to transmit three dimensional results - length, height, width - the signals from at least four satellites are necessary.

Through the combination of the above technology, the device can apprehend surveillance and control tasks and transfer them to a user via SMS or GPRS – and all this for a price far less than that of a laptop or a PDA with comparable functions.

Remote surveillance modules are available with or without satellite-supported positioning. With the Telic Standard BC remote control unit you have made the choice to use a device with satellite-supported positioning.

Therefore, aside from all of the surveillance possibilities of the device, you can also find its precise location and react to changes in its position.

5.2

Operational Range

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit is composed of two primary components: a GPS module and a GSM module.

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The GPS module receives signals from the GPS satellites which are operated by the U.S. Department of Defense. These signals are available worldwide at every location. However, the precision of the positioning fluctuates. A thorough introduction to GPS can be found in Chapter 5.4, “Precision of the GPS-

Position“, on page 8.

The GSM module is responsible for communication. It is a cellular module working at 850 MHz / 900 MHz / 1800 MHz / 1900 MHz. It functions properly anywhere in the world as long as GSM coverage is available.

Thus, you can use your Telic Standard BC remote control unit anywhere where you can receive network signals on your mobile phone.

This means for you: You will be able to locate your vehicle pretty much anywhere in the world – distance under control!

5.3

What means GPRS?

GPS and GPRS are two different things:

GPS is a set of 24 satellites that send out positioning signals free of charge. This signals can be used to calculate the current position of a vehicle anywhere in the world with little technical needs.

GPRS is a very cheap TCP/IP connection of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit to the internet. Data exchange using GPRS is much cheaper than data transmission using SMS messages.

In most cases, the billing of the connection of the device to the internet is not based on time but on data volume basis.

Because the Telic Standard BC device sends very small amount of data to the internet, many thousand status- and position reports can be sent to the internet for less than 10 Euros in most countries around the world.

If you want to use the GPRS interface of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit the SIM card you are using must be enabled for using the

GPRS service. Please contact the provider of your SIM card. All SIM cards Telic is delivering are already GPRS enabled.

5.4

Precision of the GPS Position

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The Global Positioning System (GPS) was developed in the early seventies by the U.S. Department of Defense. It is comprised of 24 satellites in various locations around the globe.

Due to the travel patterns of the satellites and their transmission technique, the precision of the data has its limits. Here we briefly present them:

A GPS receiver calculates its position by differentiating the signal from several

GPS satellites. The more satellite signals it receives, the greater the precision.

With a clear view of the sky, up to 12 satellite signals can be received. In order to receive a valid position, a minimum of three satellite signals are necessary.

In an open field this is no problem. If the vehicle is standing still, precision of a meter and under can be achieved.

Unfortunately, we are not always presented with such an ideal terrain. In the city, for instance, several problems present themselves.

For example, shading. This means, one or more satellites are blocked out by high buildings. It is then perhaps the case that signals can only be received from some of the west, north, and south satellites, but all of the east satellites are completely blocked. This is also the case when the vehicle is stationary (or parked) by a building.

Another source of imprecision is reflections. The signals sent out from the GPS satellites are radio signals which spread out in waves and which can be possibly reflected by, for instance, large metal surfaces. Due to this reflection, the GPS module may not receive the signal directly, but rather reflected from another wall. As a result, the signal propagation delay is changed and a declination results. In areas with high density and high buildings, this can result in miscalculations of tens of meters!

A navigation system attempts to adjust for such problems by on the one hand, taking into account that you are moving, and on the other, by checking to see if the received GPS positions make sense compared to the route being driven

(You would not turn and drive into a field 100 meters before an intersection).

A remote surveillance module cannot and should not use such tricks.

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5.5

What are the necessary components of a remote surveillance module?

Now that you are the proud owner of a remote surveillance module, you would like to know: What does it need to smoothly operate it?

5.5.1

5.5.2

5.5.3

5.5.4

Power Source

The remote surveillance module needs to be connected to a power source

(7 volt - 36 volt direct current). It can be powered by a car battery, a rechargeable battery or a power plug.

Antennas

In order to use the device, a combined antenna or two antennas are needed: a GSM quad band (900 MHz / 950 MHz / 1800 MHz / 1900 MHz) antenna to communicate over the mobile network an antenna to receive GPS position satellite signals

The antenna included with the Telic Standard BC device is a combined

GSM/GPS quad band antenna. This makes mounting the antenna inside the vehicle as easy as possible.

Under certain circumstances, it may be necessary to use special antennas.

In such a case, the enclosed antennas may clash with other devices with the same electrical value.

Other antennas, e.g. roof antennas, and other useful additional devices can be found at www.Telic.de

or on request under [email protected]

Mobile Technology – SIM card

Information from the remote surveillance device is transmitted over the cellular network. As a result, a 3 volt or a 1.8 volt SIM card is needed.

A prepaid SIM card or a contract card can be used.

If possible, avoid prepaid SIM cards!

Prepaid SIM cards have the advantage of having no base fees. However, they have the big disadvantage that at some point the card will be used up.

This results in the remote surveillance module not being able to send an alert in an emergency situation.

In order to avoid this situation, we advise you not to use prepaid SIM cards.

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5.6

Getting started

The remote surveillance module can be installed into your vehicle using the following six steps.

5.6.1

First Step: Open the Device

5.6.2

Please open the SIM card cover by sliding the cover in the direction of the red arrow.

The SIM card cover con be found on top of the device below the three LEDs.

Second Step: Insert the SIM Card

Before the Telic Standard BC remote control unit logs into the device it checks if the SIM card inserted into the device needs a PIN code to operate properly. If this is the case it is necessary to change the PIN code of the SIM card to “0000”. The PIN code of the SIM card can be changed with any

GMS mobile phone.

Some SIM cards also allow to de-activate the PIN code. In this case you have the choice if you want to use PIN code 0000 or if you want to deactivate the PIN code.

Inserting the SIM card into the Telic Standard BC remote control unit is as easy as with your mobile phone:

Put the device in front of you on the table as follows: the slider of the

SIM card cover must point to the ceiling and the three LEDs should be above the SIM card cover.

Slide the SIM card cover carefully away from yourself towards the direction of the arrow between the two words “OPEN”.

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carefully flap the card reader upwards (see picture).

Now insert the SIM card into the SIM card holder so that the cut edge matches with the corresponding marking on the SIM card holder.

As a result, the gold contacts of the SIM card should face downwards.

Flap the SIM card holder back into its original position and slide the lock back towards your body.

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5.6.3

5.6.4

If you are not able to return the SIM card holder to its original position, then you have not properly installed the SIM card.

With this step you have finished the SIM card installation.

Third Step: Replace the Cover

Please slide the SIM card cover back into its original position. Please ensure, that the SIM card cover locks auditable.

Fourth Step: Connecting the Antennas

The device is equipped with connectors for a cellular network antenna

(GSM antenna) and a satellite antenna (GPS antenna).

Please connect now the two antennas according to the picture below. You cannot mix the two antennas because they have different connectors.

connector for the GSM-antenna connector for the GPS antenna

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5.6.5

Fifth Step: Connecting the Unit to the Vehicle

Please connect the Telic Standard BC remote control unit to the vehicle according to the following instructions using the connection cable with the white 6-pin MOLEX plug which is included with the device.

Please do not connect the white connector to the Telic Standard BC remote control unit before all cables you intent to use are connected to the vehicle.

5.6.5.1

Power Supply

Depending on the intended mode of usage, you can connect the device to the power supply in two different ways:

5.6.5.1.1

The device must stay active after ignition off

This operating mode has the disadvantage, that the device even consumes power while the ignition is off. This means, that the battery of the vehicle can run out of energy which means, that the vehicle might not be able to start its engine after a few days without operation

(depending on the size, age and charging level of the battery).

The advantage of this operating mode is, that the device is able to connect faster to the GSM network and it can find faster a new GPS position after ignition was switched from “OFF” to “ON”. This means that for example working time calculations will be more precise.

If the Telic Standard BC remote control unit is configured not to use the power save feature, then the device can detect and report in this mode that it is moving (e.g. if it is stolen or while a construction machine is transported on a truck) even while ignition is off.

GROUND

(vehicle pin 31)

VCC

(vehicle pin 30)

IGNITION

(vehicle pin 15)

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5.6.5.1.2

To operate the Telic Standard BC remote control unit in this mode, the black wire must be connected to GROUND (pin 31 of the vehicle) and the red wire must be connected to VCC (pin 30 of the vehicle).

The brown wire must be connected to ignition (pin 15 of the vehicle) in this mode.

The device must be switched off when ignition is switched off

This operating mode has the advantage, that the device does not consume any power while the ignition is off. This means, that the battery of the vehicle cannot run out of energy which means, that the vehicle will always be able to start its engine even after a few days without operation.

The disadvantage of this operating mode is, that it takes the device longer to connect to the GSM network and it takes longer to find a new

GPS position after ignition was switched from “OFF” to “ON”. This means that for example working time calculations will be less precise.

In addition it can happen in this operating mode, that short trips are not registered at all.

If the Telic Standard BC remote control unit is configured not to use the power save feature, then the device can detect and report in this mode that it is moving (e.g. if it is stolen or while a construction machine is transported on a truck) even while ignition is off, but only as long as the internal backup battery can provide enough energy (typically a few hours)

GROUND

(vehicle pin 31)

VCC

(vehicle pin 15)

IGNITION

(vehicle pin 15)

To operate the Telic Standard BC remote control unit in this mode, the black wire must be connected to GROUND (pin 31 of the vehicle) and the red wire and the brown wire must be connected to IGNITION

(pin 15 of the vehicle).

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5.6.5.1.3

5.6.5.2

The brown wire must be connected to ignition (pin 15 of the vehicle) in this mode.

Even if you connect the device according to the above mentioned scheme to the cigarette lighter and if the cigarette lighter is switched on and off together with the IGNITION (which is the case in most vehicles) the routes driven by the vehicle will be reported correctly.

Fuses

The device contains internal fuses to protect it against high voltage and wrong connection to the vehicle.

If these fuses are damaged (which can hardly occur in a 12 volt /

24 volt vehicle, then you need to send the device to your supplier for repair. You cannot repair the fuses yourself.

Digital Input 1

The Digital Input 1 can be connected to any signal which reports “ON“ or

“OFF“. The input can be used with a voltage up to 36,0 volt.

The color of the wire of Digital Input 1 is green.

The status of this digital input is reported with each status report to the control server and can be found in a report.

Function: if GROUND or nothing or a voltage between 0.0 volt and 1.0 volt is connected, then the input reports “OFF”.

If a voltage between 7,0 volt and 36,0 volt is connected to the input,

“ON“ will be reported.

If a voltage between 1,0 volt and 7,0 volt is connected to the input, the result will be undetermined.

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5.6.5.3

Digital Input 2 (IGNITION)

The Digital Input 2 can be connected to any signal which reports “ON“ or

“OFF“. The input can be used with a voltage up to 36,0 volt.

The color of the wire of Digital Input 2 is brown.

Function: if GROUND or nothing or a voltage between 0.0 volt and

1.0 volt is connected, then the input reports “OFF”.

If a voltage between 7,0 volt and 36,0 volt is connected to the input,

“ON“ will be reported.

A multitide of tracking programs from Telic respectively from Telic Partners use Digital Input 2 as IGNITION input. We therefore strongly recommend to connect Digital Input 2 to IGNITION (vehicle pin 15).

5.6.5.4

Digital Outputs 1 and 2

Digital Output 1

Digital Output 2

The digital outputs 1 and 2 can be switched with an SMS command or with a GPRS command. Please ask your supplier for details.

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The voltage provided by the digital outputs is the same like the voltage of the power supply of the device. A current of max. 400mA can be drawn from each digital output.

The blue wire is connected to Digital Output 1, the white wire is connected to Digital Output 2.

5.6.5.5

Pin out and Colors of the 6-pin Molex Connector

Please note that Digital Output 1 and Digital Output 2 provide VCC if they are activated.

You should never connect these two wires to GROUND. This can destroy the device.

If you do not use some of the wires of the MOLEX connector, then please ensure, that these wires cannot get into contact by accident with any metal parts of the vehicle.

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5.6.6

Sixth Step: Mounting the Remote Surveillance Module

In order to protect your vehicle from theft and vandalism, the device should be installed in a location where the device, its antennas and its power supply are well-hidden and where it is easy at the same time to switch the main switch of the device (located below the SIM card holder) on and off.

Using the corresponding two screws and holes in the device, please mount the device at a suitable, dry location.

When mounting the antennas, please be aware that the antennas must have a free view to the sky (not blocked by metal or liquids) in order to receive good signals.

The antenna should have a minimum distance to metallic components of the vehicle in each direction.

The included combined GSM/GPS antenna is only intended to be mounted inside the vehicle because the antenna cannot withstand wet environment.

Other types of antennas (e.g. roof antennas) are available. Please contact your supplier of the device.

A perfect place for the combined GSM/GPS window antenna is inside the vehicle glued to the windshield with the adhesive side of the antenna under the white protection paper. Please clean the window with alcohol or similar and then remove the white paper in order to fix the antenna at the desired place.

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5.6.7

If you choose another place for the antenna please ensure, that the side of the antenna with the white paper points towards the sky. This is important because this side of the antenna is the active one.

Attention:

a buckled or furled cable can, even if its isolation is not damaged, reduce the quality of the received signal significantly so that a proper function of the device might not longer be given.

Please also be aware that metallised windshields can strongly block the signals of the GPS satellites causing reception of the GPS position signals to be impossible.

In addition, the antenna should not be mounted behind the OFF position of the windscreen wiper.

Switching the device on and off

I ON

Normally the device is delivered by Telic with the power switch being switched on.

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If the Telic Standard BC remote control unit is switched off, you can switch it on by moving the switch marked with ON/1 with a non metallic tool (e.g. a toothpick) from position “1” into the position marked with “ON”. You can find the switch below the cover of the SIM card near to the edge of the device.

If you want to switch the device off, then please move the switch marked with

ON/1 with a non metallic tool (e.g. a toothpick) from position “ON” into the position marked with “1”.

Tip: indication “1” of the switch does not mean “ON”. “1” indicates pin 1 of the switch.

6 The tracking via a tracking program or a tracking server

Die Usage of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit on a tracking program or a tracking server is the preposition for the efficient usage of the Telic Standard BC.

For the set-up of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit, the Telic Standard BC has to be configured with the necessary data. For this purpose a configuration-

SMS (Short Message) has to be sent to the device, which includes the operation relevant parameters (e.g. the IP address of the server, to which the tracking data have to be sent. Alternatively to that the configuration parameters can also be set-

up via the serial interface (pls. see as well chapter 12.45).

After the configuration of the relevant parameters status messages will be generated and will be sent via GPRS. Together with them, also the GPS-position and the status of the digital In- and Outputs, as well as the measuring values of the analogue Inputs will be additionally sent. More details for this you will find in

chapter 12.4 „The status message”

7 General functionality of Telic Standard BC

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit has primarily the task, to communicate

GPS position data with additional status information via an existing TCP/IP connection as status messages.

If a message can’t be communicated, it is stored in the device and will be sent later on. There can be stored min. 1000 position messages.

The following events will create a position messages:

The driving over a distance of x meters (air line) (x is configurable) in where ever direction (x is configurable)

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A change of direction by a configurable minimum angle during a ride at a, as well, configurable minimum speed.

Changes of status at the both digital Inputs

Cut off and Connect to the main power supply

After the switch-on of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit at the beginning the GSM module as well as the GPS module will be switched on.

As soon as the GSM module has successfully logged into the GSM network, all currently available GSM networks are recorded which allow using GPRS with the

SIM card inserted into the device.

Then a GPRS connection and a TCP/IP connection will be established to the preconfigured IP address.

The selection of the GPRS provider takes approx.1minute as well as the log in process into the control center software. This means, that it takes 2-3 minutes after switching the device on until the first status report can be sent to the control center.

Independent of this delay the first GPS positions will be recorded and will be stored as status reports inside the device until they can be sent to the control center.

The first recorded GPS position will be used as a reference to find out if a new status report must be sent because the vehicle has moved more than x meters since the last transmission of a status report.

In addition, a status report will be sent every time the vehicle changes its direction for more than x degrees compared with the direction reported with the last status report to the control center (default: 60 degrees).

Changes of a digital input cause the transmission of a status report in any case. If no actual GPS position is available, the last known GPS position will be transmitted.

Each new status report sets a new reference point for distance calculations.

8 The Digital Inputs

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit puts at your disposition 2 digital inputs.

To detect a signal as „high“ (logical 1) a voltage between 7 volts and 36 volts has to be put. The input will recognized as „low“ (logical 0), if a voltage between 0 volts and 1 volt is put to the digital input. If the input is not connected, a „low“ is recognized as well.

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For each change of the digital input a status message incl. the latest valid GPS position will be sent to the control center.

9 The digital Outputs

A change of the digital outputs can be made via GPRS from a Server.

A change of the digital outputs via SMS (in 7-Bit text format, as usual in a regular

GSM-Mobile network device) is also possible.

9.1

Switch of the digital outputs

The digital outputs can be via GPRS or SMS. The related message is as follows:

004000886610

With this SMS the digital output 1 is set and the digital output 2 is re-set.

The message is composed of:

00 – Message-ID (free choice between 00 and 99)

40 – Code Setting of the outputs

008866 – the first 6 numbers of the labelled serial number of the device.

xy – Mask for change of the digital outputs, x: DOUT1, y:DOUT2

More details are described in the Software Protocol Specification.

9.2

Automatic answer of the digital outputs

I fit has to be ensured, that the outputs have been set respectively re-set correctly, there can be requested an acknowledgement from the remote control unit.

This can be done via the codes 41.

Example: 004100886610 to be sent via SMS or GPRS

Reply:

0044008866TSBC0019,1,359563000008668,241006114259,115872,480

334,3,0,340,,,,,0,,10,00,223,217

The reply is re-tramsmitted via GPRS only.

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10 The analog inputs

The analog inputs of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit reflect the actual status of the voltage supply of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit.

Within the transmitted data a numeric value is indicated being between 0 until max. 255.

10.1 Board net-voltage (analog input 1)

The value of the analog input 1 represents the voltage value of the board net. 1

Digit is the equivalent of 0,064V + Offset 0,34V.

10.2 Battery-voltage (analog input 2)

The value of the analog input 2 represents the voltage value of the internal battery. 1 Digit is the equivalent of 0,0198V.

11 The Serial Interface

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit provides a serial interface with a female DSUB-9 connector.

This interface can be used for the following purposes:

Access to internal debugging messages. These messages are mainly used for debugging the software of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit in case there are bug reports which must be evaluated.

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit can be used as a pure

GSM modem. This mode can for example be used in conjunction with a standard handheld PC like for ex. PSION TECLOGIC Workabout in order to transmit data between any third-party application and the handheld PC.

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11.1 Internal Debugging Messages

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit can be connected to any standard

PC using the serial interface of the device.

The serial cable needed can be ordered from Telic.

After connecting the Telic Standard BC remote control unit and the PC with the serial cable, please open your favorite terminal program like Windows

HyperTerminal or ZOB.

After launching Windows HyperTerminal, the following window appears:

In the field named “

Name:”

please enter any name of your choice and confirm this name by clicking the

OK

button.

In the subsequent window please enter the serial COM port of your PC you connected the serial cable to.

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If you are using a USB to serial converter then you need to select the virtual serial port of this converter.

To find out which virtual COM port is used by the adapter, please click Start

Settings System management System Hardware Device manager

Connections.

There you will find the name of the virtual serial port in brackets besides the name of the USB-to-serial converter.

Click

OK

when you are finished with the configuration of the name of the COM port.

In the next window please enter the data as shown below:

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As soon as you click on

OK

HyperTerminal will display the debugging messages of the Telic Standard BC remote control unit as follows:

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11.2 The transparent GSM-modem Mode

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit can be used in two modes:

Vehicle tracking mode (VTU mode)

Transparent GSM-modem mode

If the device is operated in the transparent GSM-modem mode, it acts like a standard GSM modem, which means that it can be used with standard AT modem commands to transmit data thru GPRS, SMS, data call etc. to any 3 rd party server.

While the device is operated in GSM-modem mode, all functions regarding

GPS, vehicle tracking, status reports etc. are disabled.

11.2.1

Switching from VTU Mode to the GSM-modem Mode

If you want to switch the device from VTU mode to the GSM-modem mode you need to send the following AT command to the serial interface of the device:

“AT*E2APC=0,0“ (without the quotation marks).

After sending this command to the device, you receive an answer as follows:

If you receive “OK”, then the device has entered the GSM-modem mode successfully and can now be operated with the AT commands for the

WAVECOM GS64 GSM modem. A description of the available AT commands can be ordered from Telic.

If you receive “ERROR” then please try to enter the GSM-modem mode again.

11.2.2

Switching from GSM-modem Mode to VTU Mode

If you want to switch the device from the GSM-modem mode to the VTU mode, then please send “+++++” to the serial interface of the device.

As an alternative you can also switch off and on the device with the small switch near to the SIM card holder.

12 Other Features

12.1 Testing the Device

After the installation of the device inside the vehicle we strongly recommend to verify the proper installation as follows:

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12.1.1

Verification of the LEDs Blinking Patterns

The device has four LEDs. The blinking patterns of these LEDs can give you valuable information about the proper function of the device.

LED Description of the Blinking Patterns

LED on the right side

(close to the connector for the GPS antenna)

This LED is blinking yellow and reports the status of the GPS reception as follows: off: GPS is not activated

1 blink

2 blinks no valid GPS information is available a valid GPS information is available but without height information

Complete GPS information is available 3 blinks

After switching the device on as well as after a phase without

GPS reception the device only accepts 3D GPS positions.

This ensures, that position reports with serious deviations from the real position are not reported to the control center.

After a while, 2D position reports are accepted because the

GPS receiver then had enough time to evaluate the signal quality of all available GPS satellites.

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LED Description of the Blinking Patterns

LEDs in the middle

The LED in the middle consists of 2 LEDs: a green LED and a red LED.

The green led is continuously on as soon as the Telic

Standard BC remote control unit is powered by an external power source.

The red LED indicates if the internal backup battery is currently in the process to be charged.

If the LEDs in the middle are both off, this does not mean, that the Telic Standard BC remote control unit has been switched off. Instead, this means, that the device currently does not receive any power from an external power source.

This green LED indicates the GSM status and at the same time it indicates if the device is switched on at all.

LED is off off the GSM module has been switched

LED is continuously on GSM has been switched on but no

GSM network is available

LED on the left side

Single flash established

GSM connection has been

(close to the connector for the GSM antenna)

Double flash established and GPRS is available but no connection to the control server been established

GSM connection has been and GPRS is available, connection to the control server has been established

2x blinking

3x blinking incoming SMS

outgoing SMS

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12.1.2

Test Transmission of a Status Report

After you have verified that all 4 LEDs are showing the expected blinking patterns we strongly recommend a test transmission of a status report as follows:

Park your vehicle at a place with a good view to the sky.

Switch the ignition on. It is not necessary that the engine is running.

Wait minimum 5 minutes

Switch off the ignition

Now you should see an actual position report in your control center software. Details regarding your control center software and functionality is available from your dealer.

12.2 Buffering of Data while GSM Reception is bad

If you are going with your vehicle to an area with bad or even no GSM reception, the unit buffers all status reports internally. The unit will even keep this data if the power is switched off or the internal backup battery runs empty.

The buffer can keep up to 1000 position reports.

If more than 1000 status reports must be stored then the oldest status reports will be replaced.

The data will be sent to the control server as soon as the connection to a mobile phone network can be re-established. The oldest status report will be sent first.

While sending previously recorded status reports, newly generated status reports will be sent immediately which means that sending the older status reports will be interrupted for a short while.

12.3 Reset of Telic Standard BC remote control unit

If the external power supply is interrupted and therefore the internal backup battery runs empty after a while the Telic Standard BC remote control unit will be shut off completely.

Despite the fact that no more power is available for the device all settings and all buffered data will be kept and used again as soon as external power is available again.

12.4 The integrated Watchdog

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit comes with an integrated watchdog.

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This watchdog is independent of the rest of the electronics in the unit. It surveys the proper function of the program inside the GSM module and resets the unit as soon as a malfunction of the program is detected.

The watchdog covers a big range of potential malfunctions like problems with the GSM connection, problems with GPS reception etc.

This watchdog ensures, that the unit will automatically return to a stable status after a malfunction.

There is no need for the user to configure the watchdog.

If the watchdog needs to restart the device after a malfunction it can happen, that a few status reports cannot be recorded and therefore will not be transmitted to the control server because the Telic Standard BC remote control unit cannot record status information while being in the restart phase.

13 The Status message

Status messages are data sets, having been generated due different types of events. Status messages will be sent immediately after their creation or also out of the database via GPRS to the control server.

13.1 Content of a Status Report

Content

Event/Log -

Code

Event/Log

Timestamp

GPS

Timestamp

Longitude

Latitude

Fix Type

Speed over ground

Course over ground

Mileage

Description

reason for the status report time stamp of the event

GPS timestamp of the moment when the GPS coordinate was recorded longitude in 100µ degrees (in binary mode 10µ°) latitude in 100µ degrees (in binary mode 10µ°)

1,2 or 3, depending on 1d Fix, 2d Fix or 3d Fix speed in km/h direction in degrees (0 degrees = North)

Kilometer counter (in meters)

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Content Description

Digital Inputs

01 DigIn1= 0, DigIn2 = 1

Digital Outputs

10 DigOut1 = 1, DigOut2 = 0

Analog

Input 1

Analog

Input 2

value of Analog Input 1 (external power supply) value of Analog Input 2 (voltage of the backup battery)

13.1.1

Event- and Log-Codes

This code describes, which event was the reason for a particular status report.

The following event codes are implemented:

13

14

15

16

Code Description

1

6

11

12

Start-Up Event this event is sent immediately after switching the device on.

It contains the last valid GPS position which was typically generated when the ignition changed from “ON” to “OFF”.

Change-of-Direction - Event

Default:

- minimum speed: 6 km/h

- minimum change of direction compared with the value

of the last status report: 60 degrees

Digital Input 1 changed from “low“ to “high“

Digital Input 1 changed from “high“ to “low“

Digital Input 2 changed from “low“ to “high“

Digital Input 2 changed from “high“ to “low“

External power source was connected to the device

External power source was removed from the device

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Code Description

98 The device has moved more than a configurable distance

(straight line) away from the GPS position of the last status report

13.1.2

The Kilometer Counter

A kilometer counter is implemented into the software of the Telic Standard

BC remote control unit. This kilometer counter adds up short pieces of the distances of each driven route.

The calculation of these distances is based on GPS data. Due to tolerances of the kilometer counter in the vehicle in combination with tolerances of the

GPS information discrepancies between both values of up to 5% are normal.

The values of the GPS based kilometer counter are transmitted with each status report to the control server.

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit provides the possibility to set the kilometer counter in the Telic Standard BC remote control unit with an SMS command.

This makes sense if for ex. you mount the device in a vehicle which is not new and therefore in this moment reports a kilometer counter value > zero.

The new value you want to set in the Telic Standard BC remote control unit must be expressed in meters (not kilometers).

Example: if you want to set the new value of the kilometer counter inside the Telic

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Standard BC remote control unit to 83213,789 km the SMS command must look as follows:

0011008866,,,,,,,,,,,,,83213789

This command is composed as follows:

Value Description

00

11

008866

Message-ID (a value of your choice between 00 and 99)

Command code to change the configuration

The last 6 digits of the serial number of the device

(can be found on the sticker of the device)

,,,,,,,,,,,,, 13 parameters which are not going to be changed with this command

83213789 New value for the kilometer counter in meters

13.2 Strategies for Status Report Generation

13.2.1

Distance based status reports

One of the key features of the device is to report information about routes a vehicle has driven based on the GPS information contained in each status report.

The default value for distance based status reports is 5.000 meters.

The device sends a new distance based status report as soon as the distance between the last status report and the current position of the device (straight line) is more than x meters (default: 5.000 meters)

In reality the distance between two status reports is most likely significantly

shorter because of the direction based status reports (see chapter 13.2.2,

“Direction based Status Reports“).

In combination with direction based status reports the status reports of a typical route from one city to another looks as follows:

Frequent position reports at the beginning of the trip while the vehicle is driving from an office building thru downtown to the entrance of the highway frequently turning left or right at crossings.

On the highway position reports are pretty seldom because typically the highway is just a straight road which means that pretty no direction based status reports will be sent.

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In the target area position reports will be more frequent again because the vehicle must turn left or right at various crossings in order to hit the target address of the trip.

This feature can be disabled and the value can be changed. Please contact the supplier of the device if you want to change the value or you want to disable the feature at all.

13.2.2

Direction based Status Reports

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit is configured to send a direction based status report every time the angle between the direction reported in the last status report and the current direction is more than x degrees.

Default: 60 degrees

The above mentioned default value ensures, that most of the direction changes at a crossing will be recognized and reported.

This feature can be disabled and the value can be changed. Please contact the supplier of the device if you want to change the value or you want to disable the feature at all.

13.2.3

Status Reports due to Special Events

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit sends a status report if one of the following situations occurs:

Event Description

A digital input changes its status

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit sends a status report every time when a digital input changes its status (e.g. when IGNITION is switched

ON or OFF)

Disconnection from external power supply

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit sends a status report every time when the device is disconnected from the external power supply and therefore activates power supply thru the built-in backup battery

13.2.4

The Speed Filter

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit provides a filter that allows to block direction based status reports if the speed of the vehicle is lower than x

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km/h. Details regarding direction based status reports can be found in

chapter 13.2.2, “Direction based Status Reports“.

Default value: 6km/h.

This filter can for ex. be used in construction machines like cranes which turn around in the construction area during their normal work all the time. In this case, the information that the direction of the crane changed does not have any value for the dispatching centre.

On the other side it is very interesting for the dispatching centre to see, that the machine is moving from one construction site to an other, where it currently is and where it has been driving around.

The higher the configured value for the speed filter is, the more behind a crossing the position report will be sent to the control server because the vehicle needs some time to exceed the speed limit that allows to send a direction based status report.

13.3 Information about some special Situations

13.3.1

First Position of a new Route

The first position of a new route is always the same like the last position of the former route.

If you switch off the device after a trip and you switch it on at an other place later control server will report the last position of the former route as the first position of the new route which is not the case in reality and which can cause a mistake in the calculation of the kilometer counter.

Therefore we do not recommend switching the device off while taking it from one place to another.

13.3.2

Last Position of a new Route

As soon as the ignition is switched off at the end of a new route, the current

GPS position will be stored in the Telic Standard BC remote control unit in a special memory that even remembers this information if the device runs out of battery power.

When the device is restarted later, this last GPS position will be read from the memory and will be sent to the control server as soon as GPS delivers a valid timestamp. It can take several minutes to receive valid time information from the GPS receiver if it was switched off before without power supply.

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14 Quick Start

14.1 Hardware Installation

Ask your mobile phone network provider to activate GPRS on your SIM card

De-activate the PIN of the SIM card with a standard mobile phone

Insert the SIM card into the unit.

To do so, the small square on the top of the unit must be opened.

Mount the unit in your vehicle o

Connect the combined antenna with both cables to the unit.

The antenna should have free view to the sky.

o

Connect the cables for power supply (red) and ignition (brown) to the vehicle (pin 15 of the vehicle) o

Connect the black cable to GROUND of the vehicle

(pin 31 of the vehicle) o

Connect the white MOLEX connector to the device

14.2 Quick test

Move the vehicle to a place where the Telic Standard BC remote control unit has good GPS and GSM reception (free view to the sky on all sides).

A good GPS signal is indicated by the yellow GPS LED which is located close to the GPS antenna connector flashing three times continuously.

Make sure, that you have a good reception of the GSM signal.

A good GSM signal is indicated by the green GSM LED close to the connector for the GSM antenna flashing two times continuously according to chapter

12.1.1 “Verifcation of the LEDs blinking paramters”.

15 Factory settings

The device contains a set of default values that have influence on the status messages sent to the control server. The default values have been selected very carefully by Telic in order to be suitable for most of the Telic customers.

If you’d like to change the configuration of one or the other value, please contact your supplier of the device. He can load a new configuration file into the device over the air.

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15.1 SIM Card specific Parameters

15.1.1

PIN Code of the SIM Card

The device assumes that the PIN code of the SIM card is “0000”.

Alternatively you can insert a SIM card with a de-activated PIN code verification.

The GPRS parameters can be set via SMS or via the serial connection.

Example of configuration via ser- connection:

IPCONFIG=,,a1.net,[email protected],[email protected]

Example of configuration via SMS

00B0008866,,a1.net,[email protected],[email protected]

where

00 – Message-ID (variable between 00 and 99)

B0 – Code zum Setting the IP configuration

008866 – the last 6 digits of the labelled serial number of the device.

,, – 2 Parameter IP Address and IP Port, which shouldn’t be changed in this case a1.net,[email protected],[email protected] – APN, User name and Password

More details are described in the Software Protocol specification.

15.1.2

Roaming

In some cases it is much more expensive to transmit data thru GPRS if you are outside your home country compared with the tariff inside your home country. Price difference can easily be a factor of 10 and more in the same country.

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit provides the possibility to load a

GPRS roaming table into the device. This allows specifying, which GSM network provider(s) should be used in which country depending on the SIM card that is inserted into the device.

If you’d like to adapt the GPRS roaming table then please contact your supplier of the device. He can load a new configuration file into the device over the air adapted to your needs.

As an alternative you can block the SIM card used inside the Telic Standard

BC remote control unit to be used outside your home country. In this case the device can remember up to 1.000 status reports that will be sent to the control server as soon as the vehicle enters the home country again and therefore can use the cheap local GPRS tariff.

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15.2 Default Values

The unit contains the following default configuration:

Parameter

Distance between two waypoints

GPS kilometer counter

GPRS reconnect delay

Internet address of the control sever

GPRS IP port of the controls server

Direction event threshold

Binary data transmission

Acknowledge Mode

Default Value

5.000 m

0 m

60 s

No default

No default

60 degrees and a minimum speed of 6 km/h

De-activated.

With this configuration the amount of data to be transmitted per status report can be significantly reduced without any loss of information compared with an

ASCII representation of the data

De-activated.

With this configuration the amount of data to be transmitted per status report will be approx. 30% higher compared with the data transmission without acknowledge mode. On the other side this configuration ensures, that no data will be lost during its transmission from the Telic Standard BC remote control unit to the control server.

0 m GPS kilometer counter

16 Error Handling

It exists a number of possible problems that might occur and that might prevent the Telic Standard BC remote control unit from functioning properly.

This chapter is intended to help you to find out and to solve the most common problems.

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Possible Problems:

The device does not do anything

Possible cause

The

ON/1 switch

is set to

1

The unit is not connected correctly to your vehicle

On-board power supply failure or defective fuse

Solution

Switch on the

ON/1

switch located

besides the SIM card by sliding it to

ON

Please connect the unit to the vehicle

according to the scheme in chapter 5.6.5,

Fifth Step: Connecting the Unit to the

Vehicle

You cannot fix this problem yourself.

Instead please send the device to Telic for repair.

The device cannot connect to a GSM network

Possible cause

The Telic Standard BC remote control unit is not within the range of GSM reception

Solution

Check whether or not the GSM network is actually available at this location (e.g.

with a mobile phone) and move to another place if no GSM signal is available.

The GSM antenna is not properly attached or the antenna cable is defective

The SIM card in the device is new and is not yet activated

Check to see if the GSM antenna is properly attached and if the cable of the antenna is damaged.

Check to see if the SIM card is activated.

You can do this by inserting the SIM card in your mobile phone and checking if it is then able to log in to the mobile network.

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Possible cause Solution

The SIM card is blocked by the network provider

Your pre-paid SIM card is empty

Your pre-paid SIM card is expired

Check if the SIM card is blocked.

You can do this by inserting the SIM card in your mobile phone and checking if it is then able to log in to the mobile network.

If it is able to do so, attempt to send an

SMS to somebody. If you are able to do so, then the SIM card is definitely not blocked.

“Re-fill” the pre-paid SIM card

Pre-paid cards usually expire when they are not regularly re-filled (often after 12 or 24 months).

If this is the case, you must buy a new card.

The SIM card’s PIN code was not changed to “none” or “0000”

Remove the SIM card from the device and check the PIN code using a mobile phone. The PIN code must be deactivated or it must match with ”0000”.

Please note that a PUK code is needed after three attempts to log in to a SIM card with a wrong PIN.

The SIM card is not properly inserted into the SIM card reader

Make sure that the SIM card is properly inserted into the SIM card holder

The device is unable to log in to the GPRS service

Possible cause

The GPRS service is not enabled for this

SIM card

Solution

Call your mobile phone network provider in order to check, if the GPRS service is enabled for this SIM card.

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The device does not receive any GPS-coordinates

Possible cause

The GPS antenna is not connected correctly

The GPS antenna does not have a free view to the sky

Your vehicle is at a place with bad GPS signal

Solution

Please connect the GPS antenna accor-

ding to chapter 5.6.4, Fourth Step:

Connecting the Antennas

The GPS antenna must always have a free view to the sky.

Quite often antennas also have symbols that point the way the antenna should be mounted (they might for example have an upper side and a bottom side)

Windows of cars that are protected with a metal layer to protect the driver from the sun do not allow the GPS signal to go thru.

In this case, the GPS antenna must be mounted outside the vehicle (e.g. on the roof) or behind the windows in the fond of the car (which sometimes have no metal layer even if the front window has a metal layer).

A good reception of the GPS signal is only possible if the GPS antenna has a free view to the sky.

In order to have positive test results please move your vehicle to an appropriate place (no houses around, no garage etc.)

Further hints regarding the potential problem with your Telic Standard BC remote control unit can be retrieved from the four LEDs which are implemented into the unit.

Details regarding the LEDs can be found in chapter 12.1, “Testing the Device

After the installation of the device inside the vehicle we strongly recommend to verify the proper installation as follows:

“.

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17 Power consumption

If you have read this user manual up to this point, you have certainly realized that this little device can do a lot. We have put a lot of effort into making its operation as simple as possible, without limiting your possibilities.

This versatility unfortunately provides the following limitation:

If your vehicle is not used for more than one week, we recommend that you disconnect the Telic Standard BC remote control unit or that you switch it off with the switch near the SIM card holder marked

ON/1

, because it may result in an empty car battery.

Alternatively, you can mount the Telic Standard BC remote control unit so that it switches off as you remove the ignition key.

In addition it is good to know, that the unit enters a sleep mode with low power consumption when the ignition is switched off.

18 Technical information

Item Description

Size

Connectors

LEDs

GSM/GPRS Module

77 mm(W) x 67 mm (L) x 26 mm(H)

- 1 serial interface, DSUB-9 female

- 1 FME connector for the GSM antenna

- 1 SMA connector for the GPS antenna

- 6 pin Molex I/O connector

- Mini-USB - connector

used only for production purposes

4 status – LEDs to indicate the status of GPS, GSM and power supply

Wavecom GS64

GPS Module

Backup Battery

u-blox LEA-4A

610 mA/h, 3,7 volt

Operating Temperature

-20°C ~ +60°C

Power Supply

Housing

7volt – 36 volt DC

Black, plastic

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Item

Approvals

Description

E1

Telic GmbH

Raiffeisenallee 12b

D – 82041 Oberhaching (near Munich)

Germany www.Telic.de

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