User Manual YSmart Technology Co., Ltd.
GTI Grid Series
YSmart Technology Co., Ltd.
User Manual
GTI Series Inverters for Grid-connected PV system
Contact Us
Address: No. 30 XinFeng Road,Potoubei Village,Ailian Town,Longgang Dist,
Shenzhen 51872,P.R. China
Tel: (86)755-85232255 Fax: (86)755-85232255
Email : [email protected]
Website: http://www.ysmart-tech.com
http://www.chinasolarregulator.com
GTI Grid Series
Warranty
Thanks for using YSmart grid tie microinverters. Read the following instruction carefully before
installation and operating, install and operate as specified by this user manual strictly. There are
Warranty Conditions
waterproof products and ordinary moistureproof products, customers can chose different price of
Warranty Period: 15-year limited warranty period.
products depending on own needs. This user manual is for basical model of ordinary moistureproof
Warranty Time Start: From the date of bill of lading.
products only.
Warranty Evidence: The bill of lading date, product(s) serial number(s), and product(s) model
number(s), and a completed warranty card.
Important Safety Information
YSmart grants an implied warranty of 1 year to the inverter from date of purchase for repair or
Read this First
This manual contains important instructions for use during installation and maintenance of the
replace the Defective Product free of charge includes freight cost. Furthermore, YSmartprovides an
YSmartSmart Microinverter. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, and to ensure the safe
additional limited warranty for 14 years for repair or replace the Defective Product free of charge
installation and operation of the YSmart Smart Microinverter, the following safety symbols
but non-free of freight charge. For warranty questions, please contact your retailer or installer. If
appear throughout this document to indicate dangerous conditions and important safety
your device has a defect or malfunction during the warranty period, please also contact your retailer
2instructions..
or installer.
Warranty claims are excluded for:
• Alterations or repairs to the unit without prior authorization
DANGER! This indicates a hazardous situation, which if not avoided, will result in death or
• Improper use of device
serious injury.
• Improper and non-standard installation
• Improper operation
• operating the equipment with defective safety devices
WARNING! This indicates a situation where failure to follow instructions may be a safety
• Impact of foreign objects and force majeure (lightning, surge, storm, fire)
hazard or cause equipment malfunction. Use extreme caution and follow instructions carefully.
• Inadequate or nonexistent ventilation of the device
• disregarding of safety regulations
• shipping damage
• The Product has been improperly stored or was damaged while in possession of the Dealer or end
user;
2
GTI Grid Series
a. Green LED flash: adjusting for power output, MPPT operating for tracking.
Safety Instruction
b. Green LED long light: indicates inverter locking-in Max. output power operation

Do not use Smart microinverter in a manner not specified by the manufacturer. Doing so may
cause death or injury to persons, or damage to equipment.
status.
3. Please note that above operations only run at grid-connected status.

Perform all electrical installations in accordance with all applicable local electrical codes.

Be aware that only qualified personnel should disassemble and repair the Smart Microinverters
and non-qualified personnel should not install and/or repair.
Troubleshooting a non-operating Smart microinverter

Do not attempt to repair the Smart Microinverter; it contains no user-serviceable parts. If it
fails, contact YSmartcustomer service to claim a return merchandise authorization and start the
WARNING!
replacement process. Tampering with or opening the Smart Microinverter will void the
Only qualified electrical professionals can do the trouble shooting of the Smart microinverter
warranty.
system.

If the AC cable connector on the microinverter is damaged or broken, do not install the unit.

Before installing or using the Smart Microinverter, read all instructions and cautionary markings
in the technical description and on the Smart Microinverter System and the PV equipment.

WARNING!
Connect the Smart Microinverter to the utility grid only after you have completed all
Do Not disconnect the microinverter from its PV module when the inverter is still operating.
installation procedures and after receiving prior approval from the local electrical utility
Disconnect the inverter from the PV module during running may damage the microinverter and
company.

bring electrical hazard to the person nearby.
Be aware that the body of the Smart Microinverter is the heat sink. Under normal operating
conditions, the temperature is 15°C above ambient, but under extreme conditions the
microinverter can reach a temperature of 75°C. To reduce risk of burns, use caution when
WARNING!
working with microinverters.
Disconnect the AC grid first before disconnecting the inverter from the PV module.

To troubleshoot a non-operating Smart Microinverter, follow the steps below in order:
Do NOT disconnect the PV module from the Smart Microinverter without first removing AC
power.
1. Verify the utility voltage and frequency are within ranges shown in the in section Technical Data of
this manual.
2. Check the connection to the utility grid. Verify utility power is present at the inverter in question

Keep away from children, no touching, no playing so as not to electric shock when using.

Please installed in place of low humidity and well-ventilated so as to avoid inverter overheating,
as well as clear around the inflammable and explosive materials.
by removing AC, then DC power. Never disconnect the DC wires while the microinverter is
producing power. Re-connect the DC module connectors and watch for three short LED flashes.
3
GTI Grid Series
System Function

Connect to DC Power Resource directly and Direct-output Power Grid
DC power resource refers to devices included solar panels, batteries and wind power
generators with AC/DC controller, etc. All DC power supply output voltage fit with inverter
input voltage setting range which is 10.8-28VDC.
Power grid refers to single phase civil electricity utility grid. Such as 110V(90-140V)and 220V
(190-260V)single phase civil electricity utility grid.
YSmartgrid tie microinverters can connect to power grid directly and uploading electric power
directly because of inverter output current wave form is pure sine wave which is same as civil
electricity grid.
There must be electricity on power grid and connectivity is first necessity of inverter operating.
Figure 3
When there is power outage or fault of power grid, inverters will be not operating. And it is the
biggest difference between grid tie inverter and off-grid inverter.

AC 0 Angle Phase High Precision Auto-detection
LED Indicator
MCU process for high-precision detection and analysis after AC 0 angle phase pass through
1. Red LED indicator lights up under any conditions as listed below:
isolation amplifier and input into MCU, phase shift rate is less than 1%, and finally achieving
a. Low-voltage protection(DC input voltage lower than Min. input voltage of
high-precision of cophasal modulation AC combined Output.

inverters )
Synchronous High-frequency Modulation
b. Over-voltage protection(DC input voltage higher than Max. input voltage of
In process for grid connectivity, usually approach with cophasal angle for grid(ie, when total
current of inverter and grid is 0, combined current by switch). But our inverter approach for
inverters)
grid with same frequency and same phase is DC to AC first, then rectified AC current into pulse
c. Over-temperature protection (inverters will be shut down for power output
electric which is half-frequency 100Hz, finally combined pulse electric modulation with current
when the temperature of body of inverters higher than 65-75℃.)
of grid and then fed into power grid.

And inverter will be automatically restart up when the temperature of body of the
Pure Sine Wave Output
inverter down to 40-50℃.
Adopting Sinusoida PWM process for pure sine wave output which is same wave form of grid.
No interference for grid.

d. Power grid fault protection (when 110VAC or 220VAC grid power outage and/or
Superstrong Shadow Resistance
tripped.
Adopting high frequency conversion operating, less transmission loss will be. In cloudy days or
e. Islanding protection: inverter will be automatically shut down for power output
inadequate sunshine days, if only there is 3W-5W output from power supply and input into
when disconnect with power grid.
inverter, inverter can be operate AC conversion. But of cause, output is proportional input. The
2. Green LED Indicator Operation:
more input power the more output power and vice versa. Inverter can operate in such low
input power supply, it’s indicate inverter power conversion operating times can be up more
4
GTI Grid Series
than 8 hours every day, and this is an advantage which is large power inverter cannot be
compared with.

Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)
Output of solar array had characteristics of nonlinear. Output affected by sunrays, ambient
temperature and loadings, and output power of solar array can be maximized at a certain output
voltage only. Solar array output power operating at peak voltage output which we called
MPP-maximum power point. For more effectively operate for solar array, it’s important for track
down max output power of solar array. YSmartgrid tie microinverter MPPT operating principle: in a
specified period, MPU actively adjustable for PWM’s duty ratio regularly, changing output current of
solar panels and leading to output voltage changing, checking output voltage and output current of
solar panels, computing output power of solar array, then track down max power point managing by
maximum power point tracking strategy.

APL (Power Automatically Locked)
When MPPT track down the max power point, inverter will be operating of locking in max
Figure2
power point automatically, so as to keep operating max power output of DC power supply
device within a corresponding period and achieve more stable output power.
3、Stackable connection (The purpose of small power inverter become high-power inverter)

In order to achieve higher power use requirements, the use of this product can be stacked, such
Automatically Adapt To Different Power Loading
Adapt to different power loading because of Synchronism in same frequency between inverter
as: 5 grid inverter 300W of stack used is equal to 1500W, and the number of open stacks ( No
output and power grid. Such as inductive load, resistive load, soluble load.
Quantitative Restrictions). Used as shown in Figure 4:

Constant Current, Constant Power, Current Limiting Protection
In order to achieve higher power use requirements, the use of this product can be stacked, such
Synchronism in same frequency between inverter output and power grid, follow up power grid
as: 5 grid inverter 300W of stack used is equal to 1500W, and the number of open stacks ( No
and take power grid as strong backup to achieve constant current, constant output power,
without any overload and any over-current.
Quantitative Restrictions). Used as shown in Figure 4:

Automatically Turn Off and Stop Output When Fault of Grid(Islanding Protection)
When there is fault or outage of electricity power grid, inverters will be turn off automatically
and stop operating within 0.5 second.

High-Frequency High Conversion Rate
Adopting magnetic core which import from Japan for inner transformer. High conversion and
less loss make higher efficiency of output.
5
GTI Grid Series
Parameter Table
Package
200-600W
800-1000W
Power
200W
300W
400W
500W
600W
800W
1000W
Solar panels
≥200W
≥300W
≥400W
≥500W
≥600W
≥800W
≥1000W
1
Net Weight
1.3KG
2.0KG
DC MAX input
240W
360W
480W
600W
720W
960W
1200W
2
Gross Weight
2.0KG
2.7KG
30*20.3*11.3cm
39*20.3*11.3cm
42*31.5*35.5cm(6pcs/ctn)
42*40.5*24.2cm(4pcs/ctn)
DC input range
10.8-28V
3
Inner Box (L x W x H)
MPPT Voltage
15.5-20VDC
4
Carton(L x W x H)
DC MAX current
15A
20A
25A
30A
35A
45A
60A
AC MAX output
230W
330W
430W
550W
630W
830W
1100W
AC output range
120VAC(90-140VAC) or 230VAC(190-260VAC)
Frequency range
50Hz/60Hz(Auto control)
Power Factor
>97.5%
THD
<5%
Phase Shift
<2%
Efficiency
120VAC(90-140VAC)
1.Installation
1. Red terminal: Connect DC positive, black terminal: Connect DC negative. Shown in Figure 1.
2. AC socket: Connection to the mains. The AC cord to the inverter 3 foot outlet, then the AC
cord to home 3PIN AC outlet. Are shown in Figure 2.
3. Switch: properly connected; turn on the switch, the inverter to work.
Peak Efficiency
90%
90%
88%
87%
85%
83%
81%
Stable Efficiency
88%
87%
86%
84%
84%
81%
79%
Efficiency
230VAC(190-260VAC)
Peak Efficiency
91%
90%
88%
87%
85%
85%
82%
Stable Efficiency
89%
88%
87%
85%
85%
83%
80%
Protection
Installation and Connection
Islanding; Short-circuit; converse connection; Low Voltage; Over
Voltage; Over temperature Protection
Work Temperature
‘-25℃-65℃
Work Humidity
0%~90%RH non-condensing
Grade of Waterproof
Indoor design
Show
1 Red and 1 Green
Cooling
Fan
Stand-by Power
2-3W
EMC
EN61000-6-3:2007 EN61000-6-1:2007
Grid Disturbance
EN 50178+EN 62109-1+VDE0126-1-12
Grid Detection
DIN VDE 1026 UL1741
Certificate
CE
Figure 1
2. Application of Street lights:
Use this product, do not need to add a fan controller, solar panel controller, battery.。
Connection Method 1 (Figure 4 below):
This connection method, wind energy, solar energy can supply to the grid at the same time, the
highest efficiency.
6
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