Verti-Drain 7215 - Charterhouse Turf Machinery

Operator and
Parts manual
Verti-Drain®
Model 7215
Serial number:
Translation of the original operating instructions
NOTE:
IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE SAFE USE AND TO ACHIEVE THE BEST
PERFORMANCE, IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THIS OPERATORS MANUAL IS
CAREFULLY READ BEFORE THE VERTI-DRAIN IS USED.
0948 English 911.120.222
FOREWORD.
Congratulations on the purchase of your VERTI-DRAIN. To ensure the safe and lasting
operations of this VERTI-DRAIN you (and anyone using the machine) should read and
understand this user's manual. A complete knowledge of the contents of the manual is
necessary in order to ensure the safe use of this machine.
The VERTI-DRAIN is not an independently operating machine. It is the responsibility of the
user to use the correct tractor. The user will also need to check the tractor / VERTI-DRAIN
combination on safety aspects, noise level, user instructions and risk analysis.
The VERTI-DRAIN is intended exclusively for grass fields or areas on which grass can grow.
On the following page, we will begin with the safety instructions. Every user must be familiar
with these instructions and must follow them carefully. Below you will find a registration card,
which should be returned to us so that we are able to process any future claims.
In this manual, many instructions are given which are stated in a number sequence. The user
must follow the instructions according to this sequence. If the * appears this refers to safety
instructions. If the @ is used, this refers to a tip and/ or note.
All information and technical specifications provided at the moment that this document is
published are the most recent ones. Design specifications may be changed without prior notice.
This document is a translation of the original operating instructions.
Upon request, the original operating instructions are available in Dutch.
GUARANTEE CONDITIONS.
THIS VERTI-DRAIN PRODUCT IS DELIVERED TO THE CUSTOMER ACCOMMPANIED BY
A GUARANTEE AGAINST DEFECTS IN THE MATERIALS USED. THIS GUARANTEE
APPLIES FOR A PERIOD OF 12 MONTHS AS OF THE DATE OF PURCHASE.
VERTI-DRAIN GUARANTEES ARE SUBJECTED TO THE "GENERAL CONDITIONS FOR
SUPPLY OF PLANT AND MACHINERY FOR EXPORT, NUMBER 188", WHICH ARE
PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC
COMMISSION FOR EUROPE.
REGISTRATION CARD.
For your own record, copy the information from the registration card to the table hereunder
Serial number of machine
Name of your distributor
Date of purchase
Any remarks
2
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
1.
Always use the VERTI-DRAIN with the correct tractor as described in the
technical information
2.
The user is responsible for a safe Tractor/VERTI-DRAIN combination. The
combination must be tested for noise, safety, risk and easy usage. It is also
necessary to draw up user instructions.
3.
The VERTI-DRAIN is suited exclusively to grass fields.
4.
Every VERTI-DRAIN user must be fully informed of the information contained in the
user manual.
5.
Inspect the ground where the VERTI-DRAIN is to be applied. Remove loose
obstacles, avoid uneven ground.
6.
Never step off the tractor if the engine is still running.
7.
Ensure that other people are standing at least 4 mtr. (14' ) away from the
VERTI-DRAIN.
8.
Use appropriate clothing. Wear strong shoes with a steel inforced toe cap, long
trousers, tie up long hair. Do not have any loose pieces of clothing.
9.
Never try to force the VERTI-DRAIN, a situation which is visible in the partial
loosening of the front roller from the ground and unstable behavior of the
VERTI-DRAIN.
10.
Check the VERTI-DRAIN once a week to ensure there are no loose screws or nuts
and bolts.
11.
The VERTI-DRAIN may never be used without protection covers and safety
stickers.
12.
NEVER crawl underneath the VERTI-DRAIN. If you need to work underneath, turn
the VERTI-DRAIN on its front.
13.
Always switch off the engine and uncouple the power take off, before starting any
maintenance, adjustment or repair. Also block the VERTI-DRAIN against sinking and
block it against forward/backward movement or sliding.
14.
Use only the original VERTI-DRAIN spare parts/ tines in order to ensure the safe
operation of the machine.
15.
Never use the VERTI-DRAIN in the dark, in heavy rain, on frozen ground, stormy
conditions or on slopes greater than 20 degrees.
16.
Before operating the machine, also read the instructions and the maintenance
information for the power take off. This component has its own certification mark.
17.
Maintain a log book of repairs.
18.
If any modifications are carried out on the machine the CE certification mark will be
no longer valid. The User/Dealer himself must then have the machine re-certified.
3
CONTENTS.
Paragraph
Description
Page
Foreword
2
Guarantee conditions
2
Registration card
2
Safety instruction
3
1.0
Technical specification
5
2.0
First setup, lifting machine from pallet
6
3.0
General controls
7
4.0
PTO
8
4.1
PTO length
8
4.2
Use of PTO
9
4.3
Slip clutch information and maintenance
9
5.0
Working depth adjustment
10
6.0
Tine angle adjustment
10
7.0
Ground speed
11
8.0
Starting procedures
12
9.0
General usage of Verti-Drain
13
10.0
Transport of Verti-Drain
13
11.0
Uncoupling of the Verti-Drain
13
12.0
Problem analysis
14
13.0
Maintenance
15
14.0
EU-Declaration
15
15.0
Technical information
16
15.1
Torque settings
16
15.2
The crankshaft
17
15.2.1
Replacing the transmission oil seal
17
15.2.2
Replacing of a crank and crank bearing
17
15.2.3
Removing the crankshaft tension
17
15.3
Alignment of an element
18
16.0
Options, Core Collector
18
16.1
Options, Turf Hold Down kit
20
16.2
Options, Tines
21
16.2.1
Solid tines
21
16.2.2
Hollow tines
22
16.3
Option, needle tines
22
16.3.1
(Standard) Needle tines
22
16.3.2
Mini Needle tines
23
4
1.0
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS.
Model
7215
Working width
1.56 mtr (61”)
Working depth
Up to 250 mm (10”)
Tractor speed @ 500 rev’s at PTO
Hole spacing 65 mm (2-1/2”)
Up to 1.00 km/h (0.60 mph)
Hole spacing 100mm( 4”)
Up to 1.50 km/h (1.00 mph)
Hole spacing 165mm(6-1/2”)
Up to 2.50 km/h (1.60 mph)
PTO speed: (max)
Up to 500 rpm
Weight
550 Kg (1210 lbs)
Hole spacing side-to-side
100 mm (4”) @ 18 mm (3/4”) holes
65 mm (2.5”)@ 12 mm (1/2”) holes
Hole spacing in driving direction
25 – 165 mm (1 - 6-1/2”)
Recommended tractor size
25HP with lift capacity of minimum 700 Kg
(1540 lbs)
Capacity (maximum)
Spacing 65 mm (2-1/2”)
Up to 1560sq.mtr (11000 sq ft)/ hour
Spacing 130mm (5 “)
Up to 2340 sq.mtr (16500 sq.ft)/ hour
Spacing 165mm (6-1/2”)
Up to 3900 sq.mtr (28000 sq.ft)/ hour
Shipping dimensions
1720 x 800 x 1100 mm (69”x 32”x 44”)
Maximum tine size
Solid 18 x 250 mm (3/4”x 10”)
Hollow 25 x 250 mm (1”x 10”)
Slip clutch setting PTO
Maximum 400 Nm. (3500 lb.inch.)
Three point linkage
3- point CAT 1 .
Transmission oil
Life time grease EP 00
Lubrication grease
EP 2
Standard items
Set solid tines 12/250 (1/2”x 10).
Front and rear roller
3- shuttle gearbox
Toolbox with combi tool
5
90
90
85
80
85
80
75
70
75
70
65
65
o
A
o
A
o
A
70
75
80
65
85
90
o
A
65
70
75
80
85
90
Fig. 1
2.0 FIRST SETUP, LIFTING MACHINE FROM PALLET.
The machine stands vertically up on the pallet. To remove the pallet and get the machine
horizontal on the ground, handle as follows (see fig.1 ):
1. Open the rear cover
2. Connect a cable to lift point
* Ensure the cable/crane/lift truck can lift minimum 2000 Kg.(5000 lbs).
3. Raise machine with pallet 50 mm (2") from the ground.
4. Remove pallet by sliding it over the bottom 3-point pins
* Do not crawl under the machine
5. Lower the machine gentle till 3-point connecting plates contact the ground.
6. Drop the machine further, enabling it to rotate on its front roller.
7. Gently lower the machine till it stands on the front and rear roller.
8. Connect the machine to a tractor.
* Use correct tractor see specifications.
9. Lift the machine from the ground.
10. Remove the rear roller lock pins. Put pins in hole 4.
11. Lower the machine on the ground and adjust the angle of 90 degrees with toplink
@ This angle is very important, see further.
12. Adjust tractor lower link stabilizers to limit sideways movement to about 100 mm (4”).
13. Fix tine angle adjustment lever to machine (separately packed with tines in box).
14. Assemble the tines. Use some grease on the shank.
15. PTO length, see 3.1
6
Fig. 2
3.0 GENERAL CONTROLS
In fig.2. some key details of the machine are shown, as follows:
1. Safety decal RA, before using machine read manual. Decal is located at the toolbox with
manuals and combi-tool.
2. Safety decal 911.280.402, Keep 4 mtr (14') distance to the machine + Turn engine off
when maintaining or repairing machine
* All decal should be on the machine and understood all the time
3. Serial number of machine can be found inside
4. Spindle to adjust working depth.
5. Working depth indicator. Note the indication is related to maximum tine length.
6. Tine angle adjustment lever.
7. Clamping handle pin angle setting.
8. Rubber stops for supporting the rear access door when opened.
9. Rear roller support guide.
10. Rear roller lock pin. Lock only when machine is stored or roller is raised from the ground.
11. Front-roller support clamping handles.
12. Lower 3-point linkage pins. May be repositioned and facing in or out.
13. PTO protection covers at the machine. Top one can be removed for maintenance.
14. PTO input shaft. Slip clutch should be assembled at this shaft.
15. Rear roller scraper, can be adjusted.
16. Star button for securing the back cover of the Verti-Drain
* The back cover should always be closed and without any damage.
7
4.0 PTO.
The PTO is a very important item. It drives the machine from the tractor and ensures the safe
operations when correctly maintained and installed. The PTO shaft has its own CE
certification. Read the PTO shaft manual, which is connected to the shaft itself.
Fig. 3
4.1 PTO LENGTH.
The length of the PTO is very important. When too long, the transmission of the tractor
and/or VERTI-DRAIN may be damaged. When the overlap length of the tubes drops under
150 mm (6") anytime, the PTO may be damaged.
* The length changes when the machine is raised or when another tractor is used.
To cut the standard PTO from new or for another tractor, work as follows (see fig. 3):
1. Measure the distance between tractor PTO shaft and VERTI-DRAIN PTO shaft from
groove to groove when machine is on the ground at correct angle and attached to the tractor.
2. Measure the length B of the PTO in its shortest position from lock pin to lock bolt.
3. Split PTO in two pieces and remove safety cover from each end
4. Both tubes and safety cover ends should be shortened: (B - A) + 75 mm (3").
5. Deburr all items, use some grease and put all parts together.
6. Assemble the slip clutch side of the PTO to the VERTI-DRAIN transmission.
* Torque for lock bolt should be 80 Nm (700 lb.in.) and checked every 40 hours
7. Connect other side to the tractor.
8. Check overlap of tubes.
* Never run machine with a damaged PTO safety cover. Replace it first.
8
4.2 USE OF PTO
For the correct use of the PTO, the following items need to be checked:
1. During work the angle of the joints may never exceed 30 degrees
2. The joints have to be in line all the time
3. The tube overlap should always be minimal 150 (6") mm
4. Never use the machine with a damaged PTO protection cover.
5. For greasing see par. 13.0 Maintenance.
4.3 SLIP CLUTCH INFORMATION AND MAINTENANCE.
The slip clutch will protect your machine against breakage when correctly used and
maintained. The following items are important.
1. The spring length is standard set at 33.0 mm , 1.300".
2. When the slip clutch slips, the bolt/nuts may be tightened a quarter of a turn at a time, till
the minimum length of 31.5mm, 1.250" on the springs is reached. Any further
compression will overload the machine.
@ If too tight the machine may break down in the end or unsafe situations may occur.
3. The slip clutch should be maintained every month. Work as follows;
- Remove the top PTO protection cover of the machine
- Loosen up all bolts/ nuts two turns.
- Run the machine in the field at very low rpm's
- If the clutch slips, stop after 10 seconds.
- If it doesn't slip, loosen bolts more or go to (annual) maintenance.
- When the slip clutch has slipped, tighten the bolts/nuts up to the point the slip clutch
works fine.
* Do not tighten it to the previous setting right away.
4. Annual maintenance:
- Remove PTO from machine.
- Inspect PTO shaft parts. Damaged parts should be replaced.
- Disassemble the slip clutch by removing all bolts/nuts that hold the springs
- The slip clutch should fall apart in pieces.
- Lay down the pieces and inspect parts. If parts are damaged or worn, replace them.
- Clean all mating surfaces.
- Assemble all parts and tighten bolts/nuts till the springs are all set at 33.0 mm , 1.300".
- Grease both tubes and assemble both PTO parts to each other.
- Assemble the PTO and mount it to the machine.
- Readjust the springs of the slip clutch when necessary as previously described.
@ The slip clutch protects the machine only against peak loads, when correctly
adjusted. A continues overload will damage the machine in the long run and is not
protected by the slip clutch. Do not overload your machine.
9
Fig.4
Fig.5
5.0 WORKING DEPTH ADJUSTMENT.
The working depth can be adjusted when the machine is in a lifted position, see fig. 4.
Loosen the clamping handles 1 on both sides of the machine. Then turn the spindles 3 in or out.
Each rotation is 4 mm (0.160``). The label (2) on the side of the machine indicates the depth
setting. After having reached the correct working depth, retighten the clamping handles 1.
@ Never adjust one side more than 4 turns. Compensate the other side first before proceeding.
@ The adjustment can be done with a special tool in the machine tool box. The value at the
decals is only true when 250 mm (10") long tine are used. When shorter tines are used,
deduct the length difference to the 250 mm (10") from the actual decal reading.
@ Clean and spray the spindle and nut with anti-sticking grease oil every 100 hours, to
prevent dirt sticking on the nut.
6.0 TINE ANGLE ADJUSTMENT.
All pins can simultaneously be adjusted with 2 handles 1 located on both sides of the machine;
see fig. 5. Lift the machine above the ground and loosen clamping handle 2 on both sides of the
machine. Adjust the angle by turning the handle 1. The angle can be read on the label 3. Then
retighten the clamping handle 2.
@ An angle of 90 degrees means almost no tine movement in the ground. This is required for
hollow coring tines and advised for thinner tines.
@ From 90 to 65 degrees means more "kick action". This is advised for solid tines, depending
on ground conditions, tine size and customer requirements.
@ The angle of 90 degrees means that the tines penetrate perpendicular into the ground.
This is only true if the machine is correctly set, see fig.1. If this isn't correct a push force F,
see fig 5. is applied, which can seriously damage the machine
10
@ The length of the draw rod assembly should be 415.0 mm (16.340"), which can be set by
the calibrating shims, see the spare part page.
Fig.6
7.0 GROUND SPEED.
The ground speed determines the hole spacing D in the drive direction, see fig.6. The VERTIDRAIN doesn't need a creeper gear, however if the customer wants a close hole spacing, the
ground speed should be low enough, which depends on the tractor.
The gearbox has standard three different gear setting, resp 1,2 an 3. The higher the setting,
the more rev's on the crankshaft.
The input speed R on the PTO may be maximum 500 rpm. When stones or rocks are
expected, the input speed should be lowered.
With heavier tines or attachments, the tine holders may start to float. Lower rpm's at that time,
before the tine holders start to turn upwards.
In Fig.6., a graph is drawn in which the relation between the ground speed, the gear setting
and the hole spacing is given. If the tractor ground speed is known at 500 rpm's of the PTO,
the hole spacing can be determined at different gearbox settings.
@ If the machine is not set correctly behind the tractor, see fig.1., different angles at the PTO
may cause vibration into the drive line of the VERTI-DRAIN. This vibration can hurt the
machine and also the performance of the holes in the ground.
@ If changing gear is difficult; the crankshaft should be turned a little.
@ If the PTO shaft is incorrectly fitted (too long or too short), extra forces are applied to the
input shaft of the gearbox. Damage may occur.
* When the gearbox is shifted, shut off the tractor engine
Fig.7
11
o
A
65
70
75
80
85
90
8.0 STARTING PROCEDURES.
The starting procedure is VERY important. If the start up is not done as described hereunder,
serious damage to the machine may occur. Proceed as follows, see fig.7.:
1. Drive to the spot you want to start the operation.
2. Lower the machine, till the lowest tines are almost on the ground.
3. Set tractor engine at aprox. 1200 rpm's
4. Put tractor in correct gear, and start moving forward (A)
5. Engage PTO at tractor (B)
6. DURING rolling forwards with the machine RUNNING, GENTLY lower the machine in the
ground (C), till front roller is tight on the ground.
7. Increase engine rpm's till the maximum value permitted.
At the end of a pass, quit the operation as follows:
1. Lower engine rpm's till about 1200.
2. Raise machine out of the ground.
3. As soon as all tines are out of the ground, disengage PTO.
4. Raise machine further, till the lowest tines are at least 120 mm (5") above the ground.
5. Move to the next spot and start again as described above.
@ It is absolutely necessary to proceed as described above. If the machine is put into the
ground first, without the PTO running, serious damage may occur.
@The machine needs to be lowered GENTLY.
@ Be careful with driving backwards.
During work the front roller needs to be stable on the ground. If the machine starts to be
unstable, change the rpm's on the PTO. If this doesn't make any difference, adjust the
working depth or change to other tines that penetrate easier.
@ If nothing is done on the instability of the machine, serious troubles may arise afterwards.
The machine is NOT protected against these circumstances on the long term.
@ Never drive backwards with the tines in or close to the ground.
@ Do not uses a hydraulic top link.
12
9.0 GENERAL USAGE OF VERTI-DRAIN.
The VERTI-DRAIN can only be used when the circumstances are right. Check the following
items:
1. Are there any loose objects on the field? If so, these must be removed first.
2. Are there any slopes? The maximum slope for the VERTI-DRAIN is 20 degrees. Always
operate the VERTI-DRAIN from the top to the bottom of a slop.
3. Are there any pipes/wires/cables in the ground? If so, ascertain at what depth and set the
working depth at a maximum of 60% of the pipe etc. depth.
4. Are there any hard objects in the ground? If so, operate the VERTI-DRAIN with a very low
PTO speed, or adjust working depth.
5. Is there any danger of flying objects such as golf balls, which could distract the attention of
the driver ? If so, the VERTI-DRAIN can not be operated at that moment.
6. Is there any danger of subsidence or land/mud slides? If so, the VERTI-DRAIN cannot be
operated on the field at that moment.
7. Is the ground frozen or very wet. Postpone operation till circumstances are better.
8. When ground is very compacted, use shorter thinner tines to penetrate, or adjust
working depth.
10.0 TRANSPORT OF VERTI-DRAIN.
The user is responsible for the transport of the VERTI-DRAIN behind the tractor along the
public streets. Check on the national legislation’s. Across open ground a maximum speed of
12 km/h (8 mph) applies. In view of the weight of the VERTI-DRAIN, a higher speed could be
dangerous for the driver and bystanders. The machine could also suffer damage due to jolt,
which can occur with higher speeds.
* At least 20% of the tractor weight should rest on the front axle when machine is lifted.
11.0 UNCOUPLING OF THE VERTI-DRAIN.
The machine can be disconnected from the tractor as follows:
1. Open the rear cover.
2. Turn the crankshaft until both central pin holders right/left of the gearbox are in their top positions.
3. Turn all other tine holder upwards against the stop
4. Lower the machine on a firm surface
5. Lock pin 3 into a corresponding hole, see fig.1.
6. Block the rear and front roller against rolling away.
7. Remove the top link.
8. Disconnect the PTO shaft from the tractor side.
9. Disconnect the lower three point linkage arms.
* Shut down the tractor engine during walking around the VERTI-DRAIN.
* In case of storing the machine for a long period, it is recommended NOT to fold up
the pins in view of the life span of the of the shock-absorber springs.
13
12.0 PROBLEM ANALYSIS.
Machine vibrates
Crankshaft rotates irregular
Machine not at 90 degrees
PTO joint angles different
PTO joints not in line
Tough circumstances
Adjust working depth
Use thinner/ shorter tines
If dry, irrigate first
Solid/ hollow tines
Wrong tine
are bending/breaking
Change tine, use shorter one
Use solids first before hollow to
break the soil
Tough circumstances
Adjust working depth
Use thinner/ shorter tines
Quick wearing
If dry, irrigate first
Use solids first to break the soil
Adjust tine angle setting
Front roller is not
stable on the ground
Wrong tines, too much
resistance
Change tine size
Adjust working depth
Use other size tines
Tough circumstances
Adjust working depth
Irrigate first
Do job not in one pass
PTO breakage
Slip clutches slips often
Check setting
Replace lining plates
Clean clutch internally
Tubes are cracking
PTO angles too wide
Use the wheel kit
PTO angles not the same
Damage to draw rods
Bending/ breaking
Machine not at 90 degrees
Central bar bent
Bearing bushes worn
Tines hit the ground with reversing.
Lift height not correct
Damage to the turf
Oval holes
Soil too wet
Change tine angle setting
Reduce forward speed
Turf damage
Adjust working depth
Use thinner tines
Tine not tight in tine
holder
Tough circumstances
Use other tines
Grind flat area to tines
Adjust the tine angle setting
14
Crankshaft problems
Big end nuts slacken
Solve vibration, see vibration
Crankshaft bearing collapsed
Incorrect assembled after repair.
Remove, clean, use Loctite
Rear roller shacking
Rear roller locked
Unlock
Rear roller up with hollow
coring
Change speed and PTO rev’s
Tough circumstances
Change machine settings.
Put roller free on the ground
13.0 MAINTENANCE.
Pre-Delivery-Inspection
After first 20 hours
(new or repaired)
Check bolts/ nuts
Connect the unit to a tractor
See instructions in this manual
Run unit for 5 min
Look and listen
Grease PTO and rollers
4 shots each EP 2
Check bolts/nuts
Look closely at machine
After every 100 hours
Grease PTO and rollers
4 shots each EP 2
Check bolts/ nuts
Look closely at machine
Grease spindles front roller
14.0 EU-DECLARATION.
We, Redexim Utrechtseweg 127 3702 AC Zeist Holland, hereby declare fully on our authority
that the product:
VERTI-DRAIN 7215, WITH MACHINE NUMBER AS INDICATED ON THE MACHINE AND
IN THIS MANUAL,
to which this declaration relates is according to the stipulation of the 2006/42/EC directive for
machines.
Zeist, 01/10/09
A.C. Bos
Manager Operations & Logistics
Redexim Holland
15
15.0 TECHNICAL INFORMATION.
Generally speaking, this Verti-Drain is not a complicated machine. A couple of technical items
will be explained. If you still have questions, please contact your dealer, who is willing to
assist you.
Fig.8
15.1 TORQUE SETTINGS.
In fig.8., the torque settings of the most important bolts/nuts are given. For the ones the
torque setting is not mentioned, please be sure that they are tightened as a similar size
bolt/nut would be tightened. If bolts/nuts are working themselves loose, Loctite may be
applied.
16
Fig.9
15.2 THE CRANKSHAFT.
In fig.9. the assembly of the crankshaft is given. Also look at the spare part page for a more
clear view and setup. On a 7215 the angle between the handles on the gearbox should be 45
degrees.
15.2.1 REPLACING THE TRANSMISSION OIL SEAL.
In fig.9. a top view of the crankshaft is given. To replace an oil seal at the transmission,
handle as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Loosen nuts II and IV, which may be tight through the Loctite. Some heat may help.
Remove big end V, after the big end pin XI is removed.
Remove cover III by unscrewing all the bolts/nuts.
Slide crank VI away from the gearbox using a hammer and hitting is slightly at the center,
until big end pin VII is free.
5. Rotate crank VI and slide big end IX from the big end pin VII.
6. Remove handle X after marking the position and removing nut VIII.
7. Pull oil seal out with a screwdriver.
8. Clean area and assemble new oil seal.
9. Clean handle X and splined shaft and assemble the handle at the right position.
10. Before attaching nut/new lock plate, first fill the space under the locking plate (between
the splines and the handle) with liquid silicon paste.
11. Attach a new locking plate and nut VIII. Use Loctite for the nut as well.
12. Assemble the other parts the same way as they have been removed.
13. If the crankshaft seems lumpish, see further 15.2.3.
15.2.2. REPLACEMENT OF A CRANK WITH BEARING.
Replacing a crank is necessary when it is cracked or when the big end nuts start to come
loose on a regular base. Either the crank bearing, the crank bearing fitting or the big end pin
17
holes in the crank are damaged. Replace the crank / bearing as soon as possible, to avoid
any more damage to other parts, as follows:
1. Remove big end pin nuts IV (or II) from both big end pins connected to the crank.
2. Remove the big end pins, so that the big end can be swapped away. (Note; this will not
happen with the big end (pin) aside the gearbox.).
3. Remove the crank bearing covers III
4. Tap crank IV and bearing carefully side wards out of the frame by hitting the crank in the
center with a hammer.
5. Remove the bearing carefully from the crank.
6. After replacing the crank and/or bearing, replace the parts in the same sequence as they
were removed. Use Loctite were indicated in fig.8.
7. If the crankshaft runs tight, see 15.2.3.
18
15.2.3 REMOVING THE CRANKSHAFT TENSION.
If parts have been replaced on the crankshaft, the crankshaft may seem running tight. This is
because of possible tension in the crankshaft parts. It is necessary to remove these, as
follows, see fig.9.:
1. Tap the center of the crank adjacent to the gearbox, alternately left and right.
2. Feel whether the crank moves and continue till the crank has nested.
3. Repeat this operation with the adjacent crank and continue this way till the crankshaft will
operate more smoothly.
@ After any repair on the crankshaft, the crankshaft nuts should be checked regularly,
see 12.0
@ Don’t assemble the cranks at the wrong side of the machine. See the spare-part part for
the right part numbers.
15.3 ALIGNMENT OF AN ELEMENT.
In the event that an element is no longer in line with the adjacent elements, the alignment can
be corrected as follows (see fig.8.):
-
Slacken the four bolts/nuts A, that connect the crankshaft to the element.
-
Slacken the two bolts B, that fix the element to the main frame.
-
Try to align the element by moving it side wards, till it ligns up with the adjacent ones.
-
Start to tighten all bolts/nuts.
@ The element may be pushed out of line due to overload to the machine
@ When a crank is replaced, always realign the element, because if no additional tension is
created in the total element assembly.
@ Any pre-tension in the element assembly will shorten the bearing life and may damage
other parts as well.
16.0 OPTIONS, CORE COLLECTOR.
An easy mountable core collector is available for the 7215. The part number is 211.721.006.
ASSEMBLING INSTUCTIONS ( see Fig 11):
• Preparation of the Verti-Drain:
- Fit eye bolts 24 to the main frame 26
- Assemble bushes 15 with the new longer bolts 18 to the rear roller supports.
@ These bushes can stay on the machine all the time
@ Use washers 16 to align the bushes to the rear roller scraper support.
•
Assembling the core collector itself:
- Assemble supports 17 with eye bolts 9 and nuts 10/11 to the main collector plate 1
- Screw the side panels 2/3 with bolts 7 and Bushes 8 to the main collector plate 1
- Assemble the rubber strip 12 with bolts 13, washers 14 and nuts 6 to the plate 1
- Assemble all the sheet springs 4 , well aligned, to the main plate 1.
@ Choose for the time being the center hole for bolts 7. This setting can be changed later
@ The side panels 2/3 should not be tight, but moveable around the bushes 8.
19
26
20
12
14
6
16
19
25
24
23
Y
22
15
X
16
18
17
9
10
3
1
5
4
11
6
13
14
2
8
7
6
Fig.11
USER INSTRUCTIONS:
-
When the core collector and the Verti-Drain are well prepared, the core collector supports
17 can be slide (X) onto the bushes 15. Secure it with R pins 19. The rear roller is of the
ground, when the core collector is attached. It the clearance is not enough, do NOT
remove the rear roller (since the weight is needed) but turn the roller up by taking on
bearing bolt out.
-
The rear roller supports at the machine must float. So don’t lock them with pin 10 (fig.2.)
-
Fit chain 20 with two D- shackles to support 17 and eye bolt 24. Ensure left and right are
set at the same length. Allow about 100 mm ( 4”) play, so the core collector can follow the
ground perfectly and is lifted when the machine is raised. When the working depth on the
machine is adjusted, the chain length needs to be checked.
-
The rubber seal strip 12 is the first and major shovel that should hold the cores. The
ground clearance should be about the core diameter and can be adjusted by choosing
other holes for bolts 7.
-
The blade springs 4 act as fine cleaner, because they can individually follow the ground
contours. The pressure can be set by tilting the main body plate 1 forwards or backwards
(Y). This can be achieved by adjusting the top and bottom eyebolt 9 position to the main
plate 1.
-
The core collector can collect the core for a certain pass length. The length depends on
the amount of cores and the sizes.
-
If the area isn’t clean, check the gap between the rubber seal strip 12 and the blade
spring tension 4. Extra weight on top of the core collector may help as well.
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16.1
OPTIONS, TURF HOLD DOWN KIT.
Fig.12
A Turf Hold Down Kit can be used when the turf is coming loose. Two kits are available for
the 7215. One with fingers lining up with the 12 mm ( ½”) holes of the tine holder ( part #
211.721.002) and one with finger lining up with the 18 mm (3/4”) holes (part # 211.721.004).
As a standard the Verti-Drain 7215 already has a pre-mounted main beam the turf hold-down
fingers can be mounted on.
The kit consists of a set of turf hold-down fingers for 12 or 18 mm pins and the mounting material
consisting of a number of bolts and nuts.
ASSEMBLING THE TURF HOLD DOWN KIT (see fig.12):
-
The ordered set comes with plates 4 or 5. Mount the plates with bolt 3 and nut 2 on the main
beam 1. Align the plates with the pins through the slotted holes in the plates.
-
If the fingers are bent in one direction after a long while, mount them the opposite way.
SOME OTHER NOTES:
-
When the tines are not centered to the machine anymore, the tines may hit the side of the
slots. Realign the tine holders.
-
If the tines hit the front of the hole (during work), check the draw rod length.
* Never creep under the machine. Have the machine well blocked.
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16.2 OPTIONS, TINES.
Tines are essential for the correct working of the machine. Several tines are available for this
machine, see the spare part pages for a total overview. Generally speaking, tines can be
divided into two categories: Solids and Hollows. We advise using genuine tines, since they
are fully adapted to the machine.
In fig.13. several tine combination are given. The tine holders have 3 x 12 mm (1/2”) holes
and 2 x 18 mm (3/4 ”) holes for adapting tines. The lock bolt B may be tightened till 40 Nm
(30 lbs.ft.). If the tines still slip out of the adapter, grind a flat area to the tine.
16.2.1 SOLID TINES.
Solid tines will break the hard compaction in the ground. The tine angle setting (see par.6.0)
determines the amount of “kick” action in the ground. If the angle is adjusted from 90 degrees
up to 75 degrees, the “kick” action increases. With a 90 degrees setting we hardly create any
tine motion in the ground, with 75 degrees we have the maximum tine action in the ground.
When tines are new, they may disrupt the turf, especially when the root system is weak.
Clean the tines first by hand or use the machine for 10 minutes at another rough area.
If the root system is weak, don’t try to break the soil much deeper than the root system.
Adjust the working depth till the penetration is about 75 mm (3”) more than the root system
depth. This allows the roots to grow deeper. Next time penetrate deeper. Using this method
will safe you from damaging the turf and will establish a healthy root system.
We advise to use the solid tines with the sharp point facing to the front roller. This will create
the best tine action in the ground. However with a weak turf, it is worth using the tines with the
sharp edge facing the rear roller.
The rear roller may not be locked.
Fig. 13
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Use always tines with the same length and size. Replace a bent tine immediately. When this
is not done, the machine can be unstable. Don’t use any thicker/ longer tines as what is
offered by us.
Shorter (worn) tines can be used in case shallower penetration is required. The machine
doesn’t need to be adjusted that much at that time. Note that the depth reading on the decal
is only correct when using the full maximum length tine
If oval holes are created, it means that we have a weak top layer and a hard pan underneath.
Use thinner tines or wait till the (wet) top layer has dried.
If top dressing needs to be applied, spread it first before using the Verti-Drain.
If the ground is hard to penetrate, irrigate first, use smaller diameter shorter tines or adjust
working depth. If not done, the machine will be hurt in the end.
With heavy tines, the tine holders may start to float. Reduce the PTO speed at that moment
immediately, because damage may occur when the tines hit the rear roller.
16.2.2 HOLLOW TINES.
With hollow tines, the soil can be exchanged. Different sizes are available, see the spare part
manual. The side outlet should face to the rear of the machine.
It is important that the tine angle is set at 90 degrees with hollow coring tines. The tine motion
in the ground is minimum and we create a nice clean hole. If the tine is still moving in the
ground, the hollow tine may break in the end.
If top dressing needs to be applied, use the Verti-Drain first, remove the cores and start
spreading sand.
If a lot of dirt is created during hollow coring, reduce your rpm’s or irrigate first. The dirt may
wear your machine
When the turf is damaged use the solid tines first to establish a healthy root system first or
adjust the working depth.
The rear roller may be lifted and locked with the lock pin, so it doesn’t squash the cores.
However when the machine is a bit unstable and the rear roller starts to vibrate, it is better to
keep the rear roller on the ground.
If the hollow tines block, it means that the ground is (very) compacted and solid need to be
used first to break the ground. Irrigation may help as well, as adjusting the working depth.
16.3 OPTIONS, NEEDLE TINES.
With the needle tines, we can create many holes that are hardly noticeable. Two versions are
available, see also fig.14.
16.3.1. (STANDARD) NEEDLE TINES.
A special adapter is required to mount 6 needle tine per tine head from the machine, see fig.
14, left. The adapter blocks are bolted against the bottom of the tine holder with two bolts D.
The mark (drilled center points) should face to the center of the machine.
The adapter can take solid needle tines of hollow needle tines. The 6 tines per adapter block
are tightened with a bolt. Since we have two rows, the bolts should be mounted from the front
and back, at the longest threaded hole part. The maximum torque on these bolts should be
40 Nm (30 lbs.ft.)
We advise a machine setting of 90 degrees, so we create nice straight holes.
The height setting of the machine needs some adjustment to compensate for the adapter
block.
23
If the needle tines rip the turf, take some tines out.
The complete adapter block (without tine) has the part number 9990206 (8 needed for a full
set)
Fig. 14
16.3.2. MINI NEEDLE TINES
Mini Needle (solid) tines need another adapter block. The two studs D (fig 14, right) fit a 12
mm ( ½”) hole C of the standard machine tine head.
Per adapter block we have 3 rows with each 7 holes. So per block we can mount 21 mini
needle tines.
If a full mounted block damages the turf, reduce the number of tines, like is shown in I, II and
III. Also try adjusting the working depth.
All tines are fitted with grub screws B. The grub screws of the center row can only be
accessed when the outer row has been taken out.
Do not use and “kick” action. Adjust the machine at 90 degrees. The (drilled) marks should all
face to one side of the machine.
The part number for the complete block (without tines) = 9990212 (8 needed for a full set)
The part number for the solid tine = 9990054 (167 needed for a full set)
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