6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator Data Sheet

6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
07/Jun/2005
12:24
Page 1
Protocol Test
Racal Instruments Wireless Solutions 6204
CDMA Air Interface Monitor / Emulator
•
cdmaOne (IS-95) and CDMA2000 1X protocol analyzer
•
Test automation capability
•
Option to upgrade to CDMA2000 1xEV-DO
•
Detailed logging of forward and reverse link
signaling messages and RLP frames.
•
CDG 22, 53, 57 Stage 2 testing
•
Handoff and power control testing
•
Pilot pollution simulation
The system acts as a network emulator, and it provides built in logging of signaling procedures to enable full testing and investigation.
In this way the system provides a cost effective environment to perform testing.
•
Script driven network emulation
APPLICATIONS
•
Easy to use WindowsTM user interface
•
Own protocol stack for independent solution
• Applications in development, regression
testing, and conformance testing
CDMA2000® is a registered trademark of the
Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA-USA)
cdmaOne™ is a registered trademark of the CDMA
Development Group
Since its entry into the testing of CDMA mobiles,
Aeroflex has led the way in innovative testing of
cdmaOneTM and CDMA2000® mobiles and the
company continues to be a market leader in the
wireless test industry. From development,
through production to installation, Aeroflex is
renowned for innovative products, designed for
the mobile telecommunications industry.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The Racal Instruments Wireless Solutions 6204 1X-AIME system is
a protocol test system for cdmaOne and CDMA2000 1X mobiles with
an option for CDMA2000 1xEV-DO testing. It is designed for use in
research and development environments or for use in laboratory
conformance and inter-operability testing.
The system is able to reduce development costs by providing a comprehensive test tool with diagnostics during development. It can also
reduce costs by enabling pre-interoperability testing to be run on a
fully independent platform.
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The basic system consists of the 6204 Dual Rack Assembly containing two 6304s and RF combiner. Each system can emulate two
CDMA 2000 1X Base Stations. A PC to the defined specification is
required to control the system.
The system is connected to the Mobile-under-test via the normal RF
antenna port using a coaxial cable.
The 6204 1X-AIME system incorporates a full protocol stack. It provides full access to the Layer 3 forward link via the scripting language
used. The Layer 2 messaging operates automatically but can be
modified by the user to enable Layer 2 testing. All Layer 2 and 3
messages are time stamped and logged for subsequent review. Tests
can be run on mobile performance including fax and data performance, mobile power control, pilot pollution, authentication and
For the very latest specifications visit
www.aeroflex.com
6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
07/Jun/2005
12:24
encryption, and handoff including 1X / IS95 (and EV-DO where the
EV-DO option is installed).
A library of messages specified by IS-95A, -B, ARIB STD-T53 and
IS-2000 is provided. Messages may also be modified and new messages can be added.
One of the main applications of the 1X-AIME system is to perform
CDG interoperability (stage 2) tests (and IS-919 when EV-DO option
is installed). A suite of test cases can be provided to enable this testing to be accomplished efficiently.
To enable the system to be used to its greatest potential, it incorporates a WindowsTM user interface that runs on a PC. There is an activity window to display status messages along with a Layer 2 /3 window.
A campaign manager is included to allow a series of test cases to be
run sequentially.
Page 2
In addition to these two Forward CDMA Channels, each 6304 can
also transmit another simplified Forward CDMA Channel that contains just a pilot and a random (non-OCNS) noise source. This is
ideal for generating a repeatable and accurately controllable level of
noise for mobile testing where fading is not needed, for example in
Pilot Pollution investigations.
REVERSE CDMA CHANNEL
Each 6304 supports the reception of one Reverse CDMA Channel
that can be:
· Access Channel or
· Reverse Traffic Channel consisting of a Fundamental Code Channel
and up to 7 Supplemental Code Channels or up to two
Supplemental Channels.
MULTIPLEX OPTION AND RADIO CONFIGURATION SUPPORT
FULL SYSTEM DETAILS AND DATA
FORWARD CODE CHANNELS
The standard 1X-AIME System contains two 6304 Base Station
Emulators, each of which supports transmission of up to 16 Forward
Code Channels which can be any combination of:
· Fundamental Code Channels
· Supplemental Code Channels
· Supplemental Channels
· Paging Channels
· Sync Channels
· Pilots
Each one of the 16 Code Channels is fully and independently programmable and the following parameters are configurable by the
user:
The 1X-AIME System supports Multiplex Options 1 to 16 (Radio
Configurations 1 to 5, one Fundamental and up to two Supplemental
Channels or one Fundamental and up to 7 Supplemental Code
Channels).
Primary and Secondary traffic is supported for all Traffic Channels.
The user specifies the Multiplex Option to be used in the script and
this can then be changed dynamically during the call.
In addition, the user can specify the transmission of various error
conditions including:
· Corrupted frame quality indicator
· Corrupted frame bits after adding the frame quality indicator
· Corrupted modulation symbols (after block interleaving)
SERVICE OPTION SUPPORT
· Long Code Mask
Most non-proprietary Service Options are supported in the 1X-AIME
system. Where data service options utilize application Layers above
Air Interface Layer 3, standard commercial off-the-shelf (COTS)
software is used where applicable.
· Frame Offset
Summary of Service Options supported:
· Frame rate
· Quick paging channels
Service
· Power control sub-channel state (where relevant)
Option
One or more of these channels can be used to provide an Orthogonal
Channel Noise Source (OCNS) on an otherwise un-used Walsh code.
FORWARD CDMA CHANNELS
In each 6304 the Forward Code Channels can be combined onto one
or two Forward CDMA Channels. The user can program the properties of these Channels independently including:
· PN offset
· Total Channel Output power
· Individual code channel relative powers
· Walsh Code of individual Code Channels
· Propagation delay
Designated/Type of Service
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
12
13
14
15
18
19
Basic Variable Rate Voice Service (8 kbps)
Mobile Station Loop-back (8 kbps)
Enhanced Variable Rate Voice Service (8 kbps)
Asynchronous Data Service (9.6 kbps)
Group 3 Facsimile (9.6 kbps)
Short Message Services (Rate Set 1)
Packet Data Service: Internet Protocol Stack only
(Rate Set 1)
Mobile Station Loop-back (13 kbps)
Asynchronous Data Service (14.4 or 9.6 kbps)
Group 3 Facsimile (14.4 or 9.6 kbps)
Short Message Services (Rate Set 2)
Packet Data Service: Internet of ISO
Protocol Stack (14.4kpbs)
Over-the-air Parameter Administration
(Rate set 1)
Over-the-air Parameter
6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
22
25
32
33
35
36
54
55
4100
4101
4103
32,768
32,798
32,799
07/Jun/2005
12:24
used via the script. The user can send and receive any signaling messages and parameters in those messages, including incorrect or erroneous messages. The user can also construct new messages not yet
in the IS-2000 message catalog.
Administration (Rate set 2)
Medium Speed Packet Data Service: Internet
Protocol only (RS1 forward, RS1 reverse)
Medium Speed Packet Data Service: Internet
Protocol only (RS2 forward, RS2 reverse)
TDSO Test Data (RS1, RS2)
144 kbps Packet Data
Position Location (RS1)
Position Location (RS2)
IS-2000 Markov (RS1, RS2)
IS-2000 Loopback (RS1, RS2)
Service Option 4, revision 1
Service Option 5, revision 1
Service Option 7, revision 1
High Rate Voice Service (13kbps)
Rate Set 1 Markov (8k)
Rate Set 2 Markov (13k)
The timing of messages sent on the Forward Link can be set in 20 ms
intervals relative to the reception of messages on the Reverse link, or
relative to system time. All logged messages are also time stamped
with the time they are sent or received by the 1X-AIME System.
The user can make the signaling procedures as simple or as complex
as required for the type of testing to be performed.
All the Message fields and their contents in each message can be
reviewed including the common identification fields where relevant.
The messages can also be filtered to reduce the amount of information displayed. A "find" feature is included.
Other options may be supplied if required.
RETRIEVABLE AND SETTABLE PARAMETERS
SYSTEM CONTROL
The 1X-AIME System uses a COM compatible software interface,
therefore the user can use the script interpreter built into the User
Interface.
SCRIPT LANGUAGE
The 1X-AIME uses an ActiveX scripting engine that allows SAX
BASIC (Visual Basic) Script to be used to control the system.
PROCEDURES AND TEST CASES SUPPLIED
The standard 1X-AIME system is supplied complete with a number
of example-scripted procedures based on IS-2000. These can be used
directly or the user can incorporate them into other scripts. They can
be freely copied and modified subject to licence. These procedures
include testing aspects of handoff, SMS, pilot pollution, power control, propagation delay, call setup, etc..
A facility is also provided to run a sequence of test cases as a test campaign. The user can vary the length and the content of the test campaign altering the parameters between successive runs to enable
comprehensive test campaigns to be created.
CONTROL OF EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT
The 1X-AIME system is capable of controlling additional external
equipment (not supplied with the system), normally via the PC. Such
equipment could include Multi-path Fading Simulators (Channel
Simulators), or AWGN generators.
Any standard PC interface can be used including GPIB, RS232, and
Ethernet and, as long as standard API interface driver software is
available, then the external equipment can be controlled from within
the script
PROTOCOL TESTING
Signaling messages are completely controlled by the script. These
can be the example scripts provided with the System, the User's own
scripts or the optional Conformance Test Cases available with the
System.
While the script is running, the system logs all signaling messages, on
both Forward and Reverse links on the PC for future review.
The user has full control of the protocols, procedures and timings
For the very latest specifications visit
Page 3
The Retrieve Parameters Message, Parameters Response Message
and the Set Parameters Message are all fully supported and ID values
of up to 65535 may be used to allow manufacturer - specific parameters to be investigated
FAX AND DATA TESTING
The 1X-AIME system allows the user to perform functional tests of
Fax and Data calls and data transfer very simply and easily. All the
necessary protocols are provided in the 1X-AIME software. Initially
these upper Layer protocol stacks are not user-accessible, but future
enhancements will allow testing of these stacks (e.g. T30, RLP etc) if
required. Consult your local Sales Representative for further information.
FAX TESTING
The necessary protocol stack up to, and including, the T30 protocol
(RLP, PPP, TCP/IP, App Interface, T30) is included in the System
software. The script has a number of commands to control the Fax
procedures.
The Fax data itself is supplied in TIFF format and users can supply
their own data or use the three ITU files supplied with the system
(T.24 Figures 01, 09 and 10). This method of providing Fax capability allows for many more future enhancement possibilities than the
method of using a standard Fax software package.
MOBILE STATION POWER CONTROL TESTING
The 1X-AIME system provides the user with all the necessary lowlevel control to perform comprehensive testing of Mobile Power
Control.
Normally the system uses automatic Closed Loop Power Control of
the Mobile to hold the Mobile power at an optimum level. However,
the user also has full manual control of this process via the script.
Each 6304 Base Station Emulator can be configured with one or two
fundamental Forward code channels each with independent power
control sub-channels. When required, the user has full control of the
power control bit puncturing on each code channel on a 20ms basis.
While the System has not been designed to provide accurate absolute
power measurement of the Mobile's transmit power, measurement of
the relative power of the Mobile's steps can be performed by the
www.aeroflex.com
6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
07/Jun/2005
12:24
Page 4
System and absolute power can be measured with other external
equipment. This allows most power control scenarios to be simulated and tested
MARKOV DATA LOGGING
PILOT POLLUTION TESTING
USER INTERFACE
The fine control of the 6304, means the 1X-AIME System is ideal for
simulating pilot pollution scenarios for R&D testing of Mobile
Handsets.
The Windows User Interface that runs on the PC allows the user to
control all aspects of the testing. It also provides extra features for use
in the post processing of results.
The output power of the Forward Channels in each code channel can
then be varied over a 20 db range with 0.05 db resolution with a time
resolution down to 20 ms. This allows the user to rapidly vary the relative pilot levels in a completely controlled and repeatable manner.
AUTHENTICATION AND ENCRYPTION TESTING
For CDMA2000 1X, Authentication, Voice Privacy and Message
Encryption are all fully supported in the 1X-AIME System.
Authentication can be tested by using known challenge/response
pairs in the script, or by the user implementing the required
Authentication algorithm in a script. Alternatively the user can simply
ignore the Mobile's response in the script.
Good, Data Error, Rate Error and Erased frames values are displayed
and logged for a Markov Data call.
ACTIVITY WINDOW
An Activity window displays various status messages to the user during the running of a Test Script. It can also be used to prompt the user
as necessary during testing for example "Please place a call from the
Mobile now".
SIGNALING WINDOW
This displays the signaling messages, either in real time during a test
or for subsequent review from a saved file. When displaying messages
in real time during a test run the window can be 'paused' so that an
area of interest can be viewed without waiting for the test run to complete.
Encryption can be tested by using a known Public or Private Long
Code mask in the script.
HANDOFF TESTING
The 1X-AIME system is ideal for setting up and investigating different handoff scenarios. All types of soft and hard handoffs can be simulated.
Within a single 6204 Dual Rack each 6304 can be configured to simulate up to two Base Stations can be configured for performing twoway soft handoff. For hard handoff the second 6304 in the rack is also
used. It is possible to use a second 6304 for three or more way soft
handoff.
A standard 1X-AIME System, with two 6304s, can support up to 4-way
Soft Handoff, as well as Hard Handoff to a different frequency, on any
call type, including MDR data calls.
As part of handoff testing it is possible to adjust PN offsets, frame offsets, frequency and relative power output levels as well as a differential delay between Base Stations (to simulate Base Stations at different distances). It is also possible to connect further systems together
to increase the number of simulated Base Stations for testing with
more complicated scenarios.
LOGGING FACILITIES
SIGNALING MESSAGE LOGGING
All forward and reverse link signaling messages are detected by the
test system and passed to the Controller PC for time stamping and
logging. These messages are decoded and made available for display
at the GUI.
RADIO LINK PROTOCOL LOGGING
RLP signaling messages are logged with other signaling messages.
RLP packets can be logged under user control from a test script.
Forward and reverse packets are logged separately.
FILTERING AND SEARCHING
All messages can be 'filtered' so that only those of interest are displayed in the window. In addition the ability to quickly search for a
particular message or event in a saved file is also provided. In this way
manipulating and checking the messages after test cases have been
run is considerably simplified and problems encountered with the
mobiles under test can be quickly and easily found.
6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
07/Jun/2005
12:25
Page 5
COMPLETE SYSTEM
CAMPAIGN MANAGER
A campaign manager is included within the system to provide the
automation of tests. This enables a series of tests to be assembled so
that they can be run without operator intervention. This is particularly useful for applications including regression testing. By using this
facility considerable time savings are possible.
The 1X-AIME is normally supplied as a 6204 Dual Rack. The system
will consist of:
A 6204 Dual Rack containing:
2 off 6304 cdmaOne Base Station Emulator Units
RF Combiner Unit
All necessary interconnection cables etc.
1X-AIME Operating Software and User Manual
Example scripts
SCRIPT WIZARD
The script wizard allows all 1X-AIME users to automatically create
Sax Basic scripts to IS-2000 and IS-95B standards. Once created, the
scripts are ready for immediate use on the 1X-AIME system.
Scripts are assembled from an extensive library of script 'blocks' via a
user-friendly graphical interface. Each script block is represented by
an identifiable CDMA task. Script block parameters may also be
modified to suit the particular test application. With the aid of the
graphical interface, the selected blocks are simply dropped onto the
view and linked together to for the complete script. Example Scripts
have been provided. These can be used as provided, or customized for
other purposes by editing the parameters, swapping, adding or
removing blocks.
For the very latest specifications visit
www.aeroflex.com
6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
07/Jun/2005
SPECIFICATION
RF GENERATOR
FREQUENCY
Range
832 to 894 MHz
1805 to 1870 MHz
1930 to 1990 MHz
Raster
12:25
Page 6
6304 RF Out Port
Connector
TNC female
Impedance / Coupling
50 Ω nominal / DC
VSWR
1.2:1
Max / Min Reverse power
1 W RMS
30 kHz or 50 kHz
Resolution
<1 Hz
Accuracy
As frequency standard
OUTPUT LEVEL
Range
RF In/Out Mobile Port:-50 to -100 dBm,-50 to -120 dBm (usable)
RF Out port on 6303 may be used for output signal only:-20 to -80
dBm, -20 to -100 dBm (usable)
Resolution
0.05 dBm
SIGNAL QUALITY ρ
>0.966
ACCURACY
Total Output Power
Relative
+1 dB
Absolute
+5 dB
CODE CHANNEL POWER
Relative
+0.1 dB
Dynamic Range
20 dB
PORTS
RF In/Out Mobile Port
Connector
N type Female
Impedance / Coupling
50Ω nom / DC
VSWR
1.2:1
Max / min Reverse power
10 W RMS
RF RECEIVER
FREQUENCY
Range
824 to 849 MHz , 887 to 925 MHz, 1715 to 1780 MHz, 1850 to
1910 MHz
Tolerated frequency error
±300 Hz (800 MHz band)
± 150 Hz (1700 & 1900 MHz bands)
Raster
30 or 50 kHz
Resolution
Can be tuned to any receive channel
INPUT LEVEL
Range
RF Duplex Port: +38 to -40 dBm
MEASUREMENT ACCURACY (+38 to -20 dBm)
Relative
±0.4 dB
Absolute
±2.5 dB
FREQUENCY STANDARDS
EXTERNAL REFERENCE INPUT
Connector
BNC female
Frequency
10 MHz
Level
-2 to +19 dBm
Impedance / Coupling
50 Ω nom / AC
REFERENCE OUTPUT
Level
+9 dBm
Impedance/ Coupling
50 Ω nom / AC
As reference input
6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
07/Jun/2005
12:25
Page 7
Connector
BNC female
Output protection
Will withstand a permanent short-circuit
Internal overall stability
For one year ±0.12 ppm
SYNCHRONIZATION PORT
Timing signals provided
20 ms frame clock
26.67 ms clock
80 ms clock
Even second time mark
1.25 ms power control group clock
Signal synchronized to the insertion of bad or deleted frames
Signal synchronized to the start of power control bit sequences
GENERAL
POWER REQUIREMENTS
Voltage range
85-130 V and 180-246 V
Frequency range
45-66 Hz
Power consumption
400 VA MAX (excluding PC)
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
Dimensions
(6203 dual rack) (WHD)
600 mm x 700 mm x 600 mm
Weight
60 kg approximately
Operating temperature
23 ºC + 1 0ºC
For the very latest specifications visit
www.aeroflex.com
6204 CDMA Air Interface Monitor Emulator.qxd
07/Jun/2005
12:25
Page 8
CHINA Beijing
Tel: [+86] (10) 6467 2761 2716
Fax: [+86] (10) 6467 2821
GERMANY
Tel: [+49] 8131 2926-0
Fax: [+49] 8131 2926-130
SCANDINAVIA
Tel: [+45] 9614 0045
Fax: [+45] 9614 0047
CHINA Shanghai
Tel: [+86] (21) 6282 8001
Fax: [+86] (21) 62828 8002
HONG KONG
Tel: [+852] 2832 7988
Fax: [+852] 2834 5364
SPAIN
Tel: [+34] (91) 640 11 34
Fax: [+34] (91) 640 06 40
FINLAND
Tel: [+358] (9) 2709 5541
Fax: [+358] (9) 804 2441
INDIA
Tel: [+91] 80 5115 4501
Fax: [+91] 80 5115 4502
UK Burnham
Tel: [+44] (0) 1628 604455
Fax: [+44] (0) 1628 662017
FRANCE
Tel: [+33] 1 60 79 96 00
Fax: [+33] 1 60 77 69 22
KOREA
Tel: [+82] (2) 3424 2719
Fax: [+82] (2) 3424 8620
As we are always seeking to improve our products,
the information in this document gives only a general
indication of the product capacity, performance and
suitability, none of which shall form part of any contract. We reserve the right to make design changes
without notice. All trademarks are acknowledged.
Parent company Aeroflex, Inc. ©Aeroflex 2005.
UK Stevenage
Tel: [+44] (0) 1438 742200
Fax: [+44] (0) 1438 727601
Freephone: 0800 282388
USA
Tel: [+1] (316) 522 4981
Fax: [+1] (316) 522 1360
Toll Free: 800 835 2352
w w w.aeroflex.com
info-test@aeroflex.com
Our passion for performance is defined by three
attributes represented by these three icons:
solution-minded, performance-driven and customer-focused.
Part No. 46891/194, Issue 1, 04/05