PDF Illumina VariantStudio User Guide

VariantStudio™ v2.1
Software User Guide
FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
December 2013
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VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Revision History
Part #
Revision
Date
15040890
D
December
2013
Updated to clarify VCF version requirements are 4.0, and
later, and that only SNPs and indels are imported to
VariantStudio.
15040890
C
November
2013
Updated to clarify functionality in VariantStudio v2.1:
• Importing
• Added best practices for importing classifications.
• Annotating
• Noted that all genomic coordinates are on the positive
strand.
• Noted that VariantStudio assumes that custom
annotations are expressed on the positive strand.
• Reporting
• Noted which transcripts are exported for variants that
overlap multiple genes.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
Description of Change
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vi
Part #
Revision
Date
15040890
B
October
2013
Updated with descriptions of the following features
introduced in VariantStudio v2.1:
• Software interface
• Added description of gene table and no-call regions table.
• Added descriptions of new columns in variants table.
• Added description of settings for fixed columns and
show/hide features.
• Importing
• Added feature to import variants in exons with specified
padding.
• Added description of gVCF files for import.
• Added feature to import variants from another sample to
the current sample.
• Annotating
• Added gene-level annotations.
• Added classification annotation and description of
classification database.
• Expanded annotations from COSMIC database.
• Removed annotations previously derived from HGMD
Professional.
• Added ClinVar, MedGen, GeneReviews, and SNOMED
CT annotations sources.
• Updated annotation source versions for Ensembl,
COSMIC, and NHLBI Variant Server.
• Filtering
• Added family based filter with descriptions of filtering
logic.
• Added classification filter.
• Added advanced filter for complex Boolean expressions.
• Reporting
• Added sample report feature with customizable report
template.
• Added option to export all transcripts.
For a complete list of features included in VariantStudio v2.1,
see the software release notes provided with the software
installer.
15040890
A
May 2013
Initial release.
Description of Change
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Table of Contents
Revision History
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Introduction
VCF Input Requirements
VariantStudio Software Interface
Create or Open a Project
Import Variant Call Files
Data in VariantStudio Tables
VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table
Somatic VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table
Chapter 2 Applying Annotations and Classifications
Annotate Variants
Create Custom Annotations
Apply Variant Classifications
Edit Variant Classifications
Manage Classifications
Import Classifications
Chapter 3 Applying Filters
Apply Filters
Family Based Filtering Workflows
Create Favorite Filters
Chapter 4 Generating Reports
Introduction
Sample Report Overview
Create a Sample Report Template
Create a Sample Report
Export Text Files and Charts
Appendix A Annotation Sources
Annotation Sources
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vii
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8
9
11
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27
29
31
33
35
37
38
46
52
55
56
57
58
60
61
63
64
Index
67
Technical Assistance
69
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Introduction
VCF Input Requirements
VariantStudio Software Interface
Create or Open a Project
Import Variant Call Files
Data in VariantStudio Tables
VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table
Somatic VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
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1
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Getting Started
Introduction
The VariantStudio™ software imports SNPs and indels reported in VCF v4.0, and later, file
formats. After import, VariantStudio provides commands to annotate variants, filter results
using filtering options, and export data to a report.
Figure 1 VariantStudio Workflow
Create a project or open an existing project.
Import SNPs and indels reported in VCF 4.0, or later, file formats.
Import one sample or multiple samples to a single project.
Annotate variants for the current sample. An internet connection is
required to annotate variants.
Filter data based on any combination of filtering options. Save filter
combinations for use in other projects.
Classify variants according to their biological impact.
Generate a sample report using a customized report template.
Export data and filtering history to text files. Export data to a
histogram or pie chart.
System Requirements
Installing the VariantStudio software requires the following system specifications:
} 64 bit Windows OS (Windows 7, or later)
} 2 GB RAM minimum; 4 GB RAM recommended
} 25 MB hard drive space for installation
} Internet connection required
NOTE
An internet connection is required for annotating variants. After variants have been
annotated and saved in a project, an internet connection is no longer required.
Installation
To install VariantStudio, double-click the software installer (*.msi) file and follow the
prompts in the installation wizard.
NOTE
Installation of VariantStudio v2.1, or later, does not overwrite the version previously
installed on your computer, allowing side-by-side installation of different software versions.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
VariantStudio imports SNPs and indels reported in VCF v4.0, or later, file formats. If
analysis software other than Illumina analysis software is used to generate data, the VCF
file might not contain the required columns.
VCF Column
Required Value
CHROM
The chromosome number. Values are #, c#, or chr#, where # is the
chromosome number, as in 1–22, or name, as in X or Y, or M for
mitochondrial.
POS
The position of the variant. Values are numeric with the first base having
position 1 (1-based).
ID
The ID is the rs number for the SNP as recorded in dbSNP.txt. A value
must be present. If a dbSNP entry does not exist, a missing value marker '.'
is an acceptable value.
Although the ID column and valid values are required, the values are not
imported. The software applies dbSNP annotations with the Annotate
command.
REF
The reference allele.
ALT
The alternate allele.
QUAL
The quality score assigned by the variant caller. A value of '.' is acceptable,
and is reported as a 0.
INFO
Recognized fields are VF (alt variant freq), DP (read depth), AD (allelic
depth), SOMATIC, and '.' (none).
• VF—Represented in the Alt Variant Freq column in the Variants table.
• DP—Represented in the Read Depth column in the Variants table.
• AD—Represented in the Alt Read Depth and Allelic Depth columns in
the Variants table.
• SOMATIC—Represented in the Genotype column in the Variants table.
This value applies only to somatic variants.
FORMAT
A list of fields that define values in the Sample column. Possible values are
VF (alt variant frequency), DP (read depth), AD (allelic depth), GT
(genotype), and '.' (none).
• VF—Represented in the Alt Variant Freq column in the Variants table.
• DP—Represented in the Read Depth column in the Variants table.
• AD—Represented in the Alt Read Depth and Allelic Depth columns in
the Variants table.
Genotype Values: (Not present in somatic VCF files.)
• Acceptable GT values are 0/0, 0/1, and 1/1. Non-numeric GT values, or
'./.' as in a no-call, are not imported.
• Hemizygous alt GT values, '1', are accepted. Hemizygous reference calls,
'0', are not imported.
• If FORMAT and Sample are not empty, then a GT value is required.
• IF FORMAT and Sample are empty, the software assumes that GT is
heterozygous, 0/1.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
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VCF Input Requirements
VCF Input Requirements
Getting Started
Genome VCF Files
Importing genome VCF (gVCF) files is supported as of VariantStudio v2.1 for targeted
enrichment data.
Using gVCF is not recommended for whole genomes without pre-processing with gVCF
tools. Alternatively, you can load only exonic regions, or only regions from a gene list or
BED file without the need for pre-processing. For more information, see VCF Import Options
on page 9.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
When the VariantStudio software launches, the interface opens with a Start menu on the
left panel.
Figure 2 Start Menu
} Click New Project. The VariantStudio interface opens to a blank project.
} Click Open Project and browse to an existing project. Project names use the *.vbp file
extension.
} If recent projects are listed, click a project name from the list.
Interface Commands
The VariantStudio interface is an interactive view of genes and variants in a selected
sample. Use the interface commands to import VCF files, sort data, apply filters, and export
data to a report.
Figure 3 VariantStudio Interface
A
B
C
D
E
F
Menu and commands—Contains commands for managing the project, annotating
variants, and reporting results. Commands are organized in four tabs: Home,
Annotation and Classification, Reports, and Help.
Filters pane—Provides options for filtering data using any combination of filters.
Filter history—Opens the history panel that shows all filters applied to the project.
Table tabs—Navigation between the Variants table, Genes table, and No-Call Regions
table.
Gene view—Shows a graphical representation of the selected gene.
Table views—View of data shown in the Variants table, Genes table, and No-Call
Regions table. Use the table tabs to toggle between table views.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
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VariantStudio Software Interface
VariantStudio Software Interface
Getting Started
Filters Pane
The Filters pane provides various filtering options to narrow results to your area of interest.
Combine any number of filtering options from the filter categories and click Apply Filters.
Filters are applied to the current sample only, not to all samples that are imported into the
project. To clear filters, click Clear Filters. For more information, see Apply Filters on page
38.
Figure 4 Filters Pane
Filter History
The Filter History pane shows filters that have been applied to the samples in this project.
Filters can be a single filter, a combination of filters, or a saved filter from the favorite filter
list.
Figure 5 Filter History Pane
Column Heading
Description
Num Genes
The number of genes showing with the filters applied.
Num Variants
The number of variants showing with the filters applied.
Filter Name
The name of the filter applied. The filter name appears only if
the filter was saved as a favorite. Otherwise, the filter name is
Untitled.
Filter
The description of the filter applied, which can describe one
filter or a combination of filters.
The Filter History pane includes three buttons: Clear History, View, and Apply:
} Clear History—Clears entries in the filter history pane.
} View—Shows a block diagram illustration of the filter.
} Apply—Applies the filter to the variants table.
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Gene View
The Gene View shows a graphical representation of the gene with the following indicators:
} Exons are indicated in dark blue.
} Variants are indicated with a red line.
} The selected variant is indicated with an orange line.
} The selected transcript is indicated in purple.
} No-call regions are indicated in gray.
Figure 6 Gene View
The Gene View is interactive. Using your mouse, hover over the view to see the coordinate.
Click and drag your mouse to slide the view from end to end. Use the scrolling feature on
your mouse to zoom in and zoom out.
Menus and Commands
VariantStudio commands are arranged in the following four tabs:
} Home tab—Contains commands for saving projects, importing data, managing
favorite filters, and changing layout options. For more information, see the following
sections:
• Import Variant Call Files on page 9
• Modify Table Views on page 17
• Create Favorite Filters on page 52
} Annotation and Classification—Contains commands to annotate variants and apply
classifications. For more information, see Annotate Variants on page 24.
} Reports tab—Contains commands for exporting results to reports. For more
information, see Introduction on page 56.
} Help tab—Contains information about the software version and a link to online help.
An internet connection is required to access the help files.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
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VariantStudio Software Interface
You can export information from the Filter History pane in a comma-separated values
(CSV) file format. For more information, see Generating Reports on page 55.
Getting Started
Create or Open a Project
The Project menu includes commands to create, open, save, and name projects.
Figure 7 Project Menu Commands
8
Command
Description
New
Creates a project. Starting a new project closes the current
project.
If you have not yet saved changes to the current project, a
reminder to save your changes appears.
Open
Opens a project. Opening another project closes the current
project.
If you have not yet saved changes to the current project, a
reminder to save your changes appears.
Close
Closes the current project. This command does not close the
software application.
If you have not yet saved changes to the current project, a
reminder to save your changes appears.
Save
Saves changes made to an open project. If your project is
new, you are prompted to name the project.
Save As
Provides the option to save the current project with a
different name.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
From the Home tab, use commands on the Samples menu to import variant call files in
VCF file format and manage samples in the project.
Figure 8 Samples Menu Commands
Command
Description
Import VCF
Opens a window to browse to a file location and import one
selected VCF file.
Add Variants to
Sample
Opens a window to browse to a file location and import SNPs
and indels from another VCF file. This command imports
data from the selected VCF file and adds it to the current
sample.
Important: There is no change to the sample name to denote
that variant calls have been merged.
Import Folder
Opens a window to browse to a folder location and import all
VCF files in the selected folder.
Current Sample
Shows the active sample name. The Current Sample dropdown list shows all samples in the project. To change to
another sample in the project, select a sample name from the
drop-down list.
Remove Sample
Removes the current sample from the project. A confirmation
dialog box opens before the sample is removed from the
project.
VCF Import Options
With any command to import variant calls, the VCF Import Options dialog box opens.
From this dialog box, specify which variants to import using one of four options.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
9
Import Variant Call Files
Import Variant Call Files
Getting Started
Figure 9 VCF Import Options
10
Command
Description
All variants
Select the radio button to import all variants in the selected
VCF files.
Variants in exons
Select the radio button to import only variants found in
exonic regions. With this option, set the number of bases, or
padding, to include on both sides of the exon.
Variants specified in a
gene list
Select the radio button and click Browse to navigate to the
location of a gene list file. A gene list file must be a text file
with a *.txt file extension that lists one gene per line.
Variants in regions
specified in a BED file
Select the radio button and click Browse to navigate to the
location of the BED file.
Load hom-ref
positions
This setting applies to gVCF files.
Select the checkbox to import all homozygous reference
positions, 0/0.
Clear the checkbox to omit homozygous reference positions
from the import.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Imported and annotated information for the visible sample is arranged in three tables on
the VariantStudio interface: Variants table, Genes table, and No-Call Regions table. Use the
tabs below the table area to navigate between tables.
Figure 10 Navigation Tabs for Variants Table, Genes Table, and No-Call Regions Table
Variants Table
The Variants table lists the genes that overlap variants identified in the selected sample.
Each row of the table contains the gene and reported variant. Genes that include multiple
variants are listed multiple times in the table, one time for each variant.
The following information is provided in the Variants table. If a column described in the
following is not visible in your instance of VariantStudio, click Column Order from the
Table Options menu to view hidden columns.
Column Heading
Description
Gene
The name of the gene.
Variant
Lists the reference allele and the diploid genotype call for the
sample as Reference > AlleleA/AlleleB.
AlleleA and AlleleB are explicitly defined from the REF, ALT, and
GT fields of the VCF file. For example, at a heterozygous position
noted as GT=0/1 is represented as REF > REF/ALT, and a
homozygous non-reference position noted as GT=1/1 is
represented as REF > ALT/ALT.
Chr
The chromosome number in which the gene occurs.
Coordinate
The genomic location of the variant (1-based).
Variant Length
The number of bases affected by the variant.
Type
The type of variant, which is either a single nucleotide variant
(SNV), insertion, deletion, or ref (for reference call).
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Data in VariantStudio Tables
Data in VariantStudio Tables
Getting Started
12
Column Heading
Description
Genotype
The genotype, which is either heterozygous (het), homozygous
(hom) or somatic (som).
Exonic
A variant found within a coding region, ±20 bp on both sides of the
coding region.
Filters
The status of the variant call quality as annotated in the VCF file.
PASS indicates that all filters were passed; otherwise the variant
call filter is listed.
The filter listed and threshold for passing filter depends on the
method used to generate the VCF file.
Quality
The numeric value of variant call quality as written to the QUAL
column of the VCF file. Determination of variant quality depends
on the variant caller.
GQX
The conservative measure of genotype quality derived from the
minimum of the GQ and QUAL values listed in the VCF file.
This field is not populated for somatic VCF files. For more
information, see Somatic VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table on
page 21.
Alternate Alleles
The number of nucleotide bases called for Allele A and Allele B that
differ from the RefAllele.
Inherited From
The inherited source of the variant. Possible values are father,
mother, both, or ambiguous.
If the variant is heterozygous in the father, mother, and child, a
variant is listed as ambiguous.
If the variant is homozygous in the child and heterozygous in both
parents, a variant is listed as both.
Entries in this column are meaningful only when the family-based
filter is applied.
Alt Variant Freq
The frequency of the Alt Allele.
Read Depth
The total number of reads passing quality filters at this position.
Alt Read Depth
The number of reads called at this position.
Allelic Depth
The number of reads called for the Ref Allele and the Alt Allele.
Custom Annotation
Annotations according to values provided in the Annotation
column of an optional custom annotation file.
Custom Annotation 2
Annotations according to values provided in the Annotation 2
column of an optional custom annotation file.
Custom Annotation 3
Annotations according to values provided in the Annotation 3
column of an optional custom annotation file.
Custom Annotation 4
Annotations according to values provided in the Annotation 4
column of an optional custom annotation file.
Classification
The classification assigned to the variant. This field is populated for
variants that match criteria specified in the classification database.
dbSNP ID
The rsID entry in dbSNP.
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Description
Ancestral Allele
The inferred allele ancestral to the chimpanzee/human lineage. For
more information, see www.1000genomes.org/faq/where-doesancestral-allele-information-your-variants-come.
Allele Freq
The allele frequency from all populations of 1000 genomes data;
April 2012 phase 1 call set (v3 update).
Allele Freq Global
Minor
Global minor allele frequency (GMAF); technically, the frequency
of the second most frequent allele. For more information, see
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/SNP/docs/rs_
attributes.html#gmaf.
Global Minor Allele
The specific allele with the reported GMAF.
Allele Freq Amr
The allele frequency from 1000 Genomes (Ad Mixed American
population).
Allele Freq Asn
The allele frequency from 1000 Genomes (East Asian population).
Allele Freq Af
The allele frequency from 1000 Genomes (African population).
Allele Freq Eur
The allele frequency from 1000 Genomes (European population).
Allele Freq Evs
The allele frequency from the NHLBI exome sequencing project.
Exome Variant Server, NHLBI GO Exome Sequencing Project
(ESP), Seattle, WA (evs.gs.washington.edu/EVS) [November 2012
accessed]
EVS Coverage
The average depth of coverage for SNVs that were called at this
position from the Exome Variant Server (EVS).
EVS Samples
The number of samples that were called at this position from the
Exome Variant Server (EVS).
Conserved Sequence
Denotes if the variant is an identical or similar sequence that occurs
between species and maintained between species throughout
evolution.
COSMIC ID
The numeric identifier for the variant in Catalogue of Somatic
Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC) database, if the genomic position
of the variant overlaps a variant listed in COSMIC.
The COSMIC ID links to the COSMIC page associated with the
identifier.
COSMIC Wildtype
The allele in unaffected individuals as reported in the COSMIC
database.
COSMIC Allele
The allele as reported in the COSMIC database.
COSMIC Gene
The gene name as reported in the COSMIC database.
COSMIC Primary Site
The primary tissue type associated with the allele as reported in
the COSMIC database.
COSMIC Histology
The tissue type associated with the allele as reported in the
COSMIC database.
ClinVar RS
The numeric rsID assigned to the allele in the ClinVar database.
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Data in VariantStudio Tables
Column Heading
Getting Started
14
Column Heading
Description
ClinVar Ref
The Reference Allele as reported in the ClinVar database.
ClinVar Alleles
The name of the allele as reported in the ClinVar database.
ClinVar Allele Type
The type of allele, either single nucleotide variant (SNV), insertion,
deletion, or duplication as reported in the ClinVar database.
ClinVar Significance
The clinical significance or classification assigned to the allele as
reported in the ClinVar database.
ClinVar Disease
Name
The disease associated with the allele as reported in the ClinVar
database.
ClinVar Accession
The alpha-numeric ID assigned to the allele in the ClinVar database
and link to the associated page of the ClinVar database.
ClinVar MedGen
The alpha-numeric identifier of the disease as reported by MedGen
and link to the associated page of the MedGen database.
ClinVar OMIM
The numeric identifier for the disease as reported by Online
Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and link to the associated
page of the OMIM database.
ClinVar Orphanet
The numeric identifier of the disease as reported by Orphanet and
link to the associated page in the Orphanet database.
ClinVar Gene
Reviews
The alpha-numeric identifier of the disease as reported by Gene
Reviews and link to the associated page in the Gene Review
database.
ClinVar SnoMedCt ID
The numeric identifier of the disease and associated clinical terms
as reported by SnoMedCt.
HGNC
The gene name, expressed as official HGNC nomenclature.
Num Transcripts
The number of transcripts reported in the annotation, which
includes overlapping transcripts and upstream and downstream
transcripts within 5 kb of the variant.
Transcript
The name of the transcript, usually a database identifier from
RefSeq or Ensembl.
Consequence
Consequence of the variant, described in Sequence Ontology
standardized vocabulary.
cDNA Position
Position of the variant in cDNA.
CDS Position
Position of the variant in the coding region.
Protein Position
Position of the amino acid in the protein
Amino Acids
Amino acid or amino acid change. If the variant is synonymous,
then there is no change and one amino acid is listed.
Codons
Specific codon noted with and without the variant, highlighted in
uppercase.
Exon
The exon number in which the variant is present.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Description
Intron
The intron number in which the variant is present.
Transcript HGNC
The transcript name, expressed as official HGNC nomenclature.
Distance
Distance between the variant and the nearest end of the gene.
• For upstream variants, this value is the distance to the beginning
of the first exon.
• For downstream variants, this value is the distance to the end of
the last exon.
Canonical
Indicates whether the transcript is the canonical transcript.
SIFT
SIFT score.
PolyPhen
PolyPhen score.
ENSP
Protein ID (Ensembl ID).
HGVSc
Human Genome Variation Society (HGVS) notation in the cDNA.
HGVSp
Human Genome Variation Society (HGVS) notation in the protein.
Custom Gene
Annotation
Annotations according to values provided in the Annotation
column of an optional custom gene annotation file.
Google Scholar
Link to the Google Scholar search page for the selected variant,
cDNA, and amino acid. The page opens with an auto-populated
search field. Click search to continue.
The search is transcript-dependent. If a rs number is present, the
number is included in the search.
PubMed
Link to PubMed search page for the selected variant, cDNA, and
amino acid. The page opens with an auto-populated search field.
Click search to continue.
The search is transcript-dependent. If a rs number is present, the
number is included in the search.
UCSC Browser
Link to UCSC Browser search page for the selected chromosome
and position.
Genes Table
The Genes table lists the genes that contain variants identified in the selected sample. Each
row of the table contains the gene and number of variants reported, along with the
following information reported for each gene.
Column Heading
Description
Name
The name of the gene.
Chr
The chromosome number in which the gene occurs.
Start
The start coordinate of the gene (1-based).
Stop
The end coordinate of the gene.
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Data in VariantStudio Tables
Column Heading
Getting Started
Column Heading
Description
Length
The length of the gene.
Num Alleles
The number of alleles reported.
Num Variants
The number of variants reported.
Paternal Variants
The number of variants inherited from the father.
Maternal Variants
The number of variants inherited from the mother.
Ambiguous Variants
The number of ambiguous variants.
Disease
Diseases associated with the gene. Clicking the disease name
provides a drop-down list with links to MedGen and OMIM.
Description
The protein name associated with gene function.
Gene ID
The Entrez Gene ID for the gene and link to the associated entry in
the NCBI database.
PubMed
Link to PubMed search page for the selected gene. The page opens
with an auto-populated search field. Click search to continue.
Custom Gene
Annotation
Gene annotations according to values provided in the Annotation
column of an optional custom gene annotation file.
GeneReviews
Link to GeneReviews website. Clicking the entry provides a dropdown list with links to GeneReviews.
No-Call Regions Table
The No-Call Regions table shows regions where calls could not be confidently made due to
a low read depth or failing a quality filter. The No-Call Regions table is populated directly
from the non-variant regions reported in the genome VCF (gVCF) file. Non-variant regions
are reported as 0/0 in the gVCF file. For more information, see
sites.google.com/site/gvcftools/home/about-gvcf/gvcf-conventions
Each row of the table contains the gene and information reported for the gene. The
following information is provided in the No-Call Regions table.
16
Column Heading
Description
Name
The name of the gene located within the no-call region.
Chr
The chromosome number in which the no-call region occurs.
Start
The start chromosomal coordinate of the no-call region.
Stop
The end chromosomal coordinate of the no-call region.
Length
The length of the no-call region.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Description
Depth
The read depth of the no-call region.
Quality
The numeric value of variant call quality as written to the QUAL
column of the VCF file. Determination of variant quality depends
on the variant caller.
Filter
The filter associated with the variant call quality as annotated in the
VCF file.
Modify Table Views
To modify how data appear in the tables, click the column headings. Options include
sorting in descending or ascending order, showing only selected data based on listed
values, or adjusting column order.
NOTE
Modifying how data appear in the Variants table only affects how information is arranged in
the table. Modifying views does not change the underlying data.
Sort Data in Ascending or Descending Order
To change the order in which data appear in the Variants table, click a column heading.
Data are sorted in either descending or ascending order of values listed in that column.
Click again to reverse the order.
} When the table is sorted in ascending order, the up arrow
icon appears in the
column heading.
} When the table is sorted in descending order, the down arrow
icon appears in the
column heading.
Show Only Selected Data
To show only selected data based on information in the Variants table, use the show/hide
icon in the column heading.
1
Click the show/hide
icon in the column heading. A drop-down list opens that
contains all values present in that column.
2
Select a value from the drop-down list. The Variants table shows only data that
contains your selection.
To restore the default view of the Variants table, use one of the following methods:
} Click the show/hide
icon in the column heading used to modify the table and select
All from the drop-down list.
} Click the
icon at the bottom of the Variants table.
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17
Data in VariantStudio Tables
Column Heading
Getting Started
A history of previous selections appears at the top of the column heading drop-down list
for quick access to frequently used selections. To remove a selection from history, click the
delete
icon.
Show or Hide Selected Columns
Use the checkboxes below the table tabs to show or hide specific columns in the Variants
table. Select the checkbox to show data, and clear the checkbox to hide data. All options are
set to show, by default.
Show/hide options include the following sections of the Variants table:
} Show Population Frequencies—Shows and hides Allele Freq, Allele Freq Global Minor,
global Minor Allele, Allele Freq Amr, Allele Freq Asn, Allele Freq Af, Allele Freq Eur,
and Allele Freq Evs.
} Show Transcript Info—Shows and hides Num Transcripts, Transcript, Consequence,
cDNA Position, CDS Position, Amino Acids, Codons, Exon, Intron, Transcript HGNC,
Distance, Canonical, Sift, PolyPhen, ENSP, HGVSc, and HGVSp.
} Show Custom Annotations—Shows and hides Custom Annotation, Custom
Annotation 2, Custom Annotation 3, Custom Annotation 4, and Custom Gene
Annotation.
} Show ClinVar—Shows and hides ClinVar RS, ClinVar Ref, ClinVar Alleles, ClinVar
Significance, ClinVar Disease Name, ClinVar Accession, ClinVar MedGen, ClinVar
OMIM, ClinVar Orphanet, ClinVar Gene Reviews, and ClinVar SnoMedCt ID.
} Show COSMIC—Shows and hides COSMIC ID, COSMIC Wildtype, COSMIC Allele,
COSMIC Gene, COSMIC Primary Site, and COSMIC Histology.
Set Table Options
Figure 11 Table Options Menu
The Table Options menu includes the following commands:
} Select All, which selects all rows in a table.
} Copy, which copies selected data to the clipboard.
} Smaller and Larger, which changes text size in a table.
} Column Order, which includes commands to change table layout.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
1
To show or hide columns, drag and drop column headings from the Displayed
Columns list to the Hidden Columns list.
2
To prevent selected columns from scrolling horizontally, drag and drop column
headings from the Scrolling list to the Fixed list.
3
Click OK when you are finished.
4
To save this layout for use in other VariantStudio projects, click Save As Default from
the Layout menu.
In the following example, the Gene column is set to Fixed, and variant length and optional
custom annotation columns are hidden.
Figure 12 Table Column Display Window
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
19
Data in VariantStudio Tables
From the Table Options menu, click Column Order to open the Table Column Display
window. From this window, drag and drop column headings to specify table layout:
Getting Started
VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table
Several columns of the Variants table are populated from columns or fields in the VCF file,
as described in the following table.
Variants Table
Column Heading
VCF File Column or Field Description
Allelic Depth
Based on values listed for AD in INFO or FORMAT/[Sample
Name].
Alt Read Depth
Based on the second value listed for AD in INFO or FORMAT/
[Sample Name].
Alt Variant Freq
Based on values listed for VF in INFO or FORMAT/[Sample
Name].
Chr
Based on values in the CHROM column.
Coordinate
Based on values in the POS column.
Exonic
Based on values in the CHROM and POS columns, and calculated
from a list of exonic regions.
Filters
Based on values in the FILTER column.
Gene
Based on values in the CHROM and POS columns, and calculated
using a list of gene coordinates.
Genotype
Based on values listed for GT in FORMAT/[Sample Name].
GQX
Based on values listed for GQX in FORMAT/[Sample Name].
Quality
Based on values in the QUAL column.
Read Depth
Based on values listed for DP in FORMAT/[Sample Name].
Type
Based on the number of bases in the REF and ALT columns.
Variant
Based on values in the REF and ALT columns.
• At a heterozygous position, the value is REF > REF/ALT.
• At a homozygous position, the value is REF > ALT/ALT.
NOTE
Some fields reported in the Variants table differ for somatic VCF files. For more information,
see Somatic VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table on page 21.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Information reported in VariantStudio for VCF files generated by the Illumina cancer
analysis pipeline differs from what is reported for other VCF files.
For these files, there is no genotype (GT) or genotype score (GQX). Instead, allelic depths are
listed.
Each VCF includes two samples, one of which is a reference and the other is the cancer
sample. All reported values are specific to the cancer sample.
The following table lists the VCF fields reported in the Variants table that are unique to
somatic VCF files.
Variants Table
Column Heading
VCF File Column or Field Description
Allelic Depth
Based on values in the FORMAT column. Allelic Depth is calculated
differently for SNVs and indels:
• For SNVs—Based on four values listed as AU:CU:GU:TU in the
FORMAT column. These values are listed as two numbers each,
separated by a comma, and represent each possible allele in the
cancer sample. The Allelic depth column is populated with the
full set of numbers, 0,0:0,0:10,10:3,4.
• For indels—Based on two values listed as TAR:TIR in the
FORMAT column, which represent the Ref Allele and Alt Allele,
respectively. Only the first number in each value is used. In the
example 0,0:12,12, the Ref Allele is 0 and the Alt Allele is 12.
Allelic Depth is listed as 0,12.
Alt Read Depth
Based on values in the FORMAT column. Alt Read Depth is
calculated differently for SNVs and indels:
• For SNVs—Based on the first value from the appropriate Allelic
Depth (AU:CU:GU:TU). In the example 0,0:0,0:10,10:3,4, the
values are 10,10 for GU and 3,4 for TU. If the Ref Allele is G and
the Alt Allele is T, the Alt Read Depth is 3.
• For indels—Based on the first value from the appropriate Allelic
Depth (TAR:TIR). In the example 0,0:12,12, the Ref Allele is 0 and
the Alt Allele is 12. Alt Read Depth is listed as 12.
Alt Variant Freq
For somatic VCF files, allele frequency is calculated from values in
the VCF file before data are reported in the Variants table.
• For SNVs—Using only the first values for AU:CU:GU:TU, allele
frequency is calculated as (alt allelic depth/(alt allelic depth + ref
allelic depth))*100. In the example 0,0:0,0:10,10:3,4, Alt Variant
Freq is 23.08% by calculating (3/(3+10))*100.
• For indels—Using only the first values for TAR and TIR, allele
frequency is calculated as (TIR/(TIR+TAR))*100. In the example
0,0:12,12, Alt Variant Freq is 100% by calculating (12/(12+0))*100.
Genotype
Based on values listed in the INFO column. If SOMATIC is listed in
the INFO column, the genotype is listed as somatic (som) in the
Variants table.
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Somatic VCF Fields Reported in the Variants
Somatic VCF Fields Reported in the Variants Table
Getting Started
Variants Table
Column Heading
22
VCF File Column or Field Description
Quality
Quality is based on different values for SNVs and indels:
• For SNVs—Quality is based on the QSS_NT field in the INFO
column. This score represents the probability that the SNV exists
and is somatic.
• For indels—Quality is based on the QSI_NT field in the INFO
column. This score represents the probability that the indel exists
and is somatic.
Read Depth
For SNVs and indels, Read Depth is extracted from values listed
for DP in the FORMAT column of the cancer sample.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Chapter 2 Applying Annotations and Classifications
Annotate Variants
Create Custom Annotations
Apply Variant Classifications
Edit Variant Classifications
Manage Classifications
Import Classifications
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
Chapter 2
Applying Annotations and
Classifications
24
27
29
31
33
35
23
Applying Annotations and Classifications
Annotate Variants
From the Annotations and Classification tab, use commands on the Annotate menu to
annotate variants in the current sample with options to annotate all variants or only those
variants specified. All coordinates used in VariantStudio are genomic coordinates on the
positive strand.
Always annotate variants before applying filters.
NOTE
An internet connection is required to annotate variants. After annotating, an internet
connection is not necessary.
Figure 13 Annotate Menu
Command
Description
Annotate
Annotates variants in the project using the following options:
• All Variants of Current Sample—Annotates all variants in
the current sample. The current sample is listed in the
Current Sample field of the Samples menu.
• Exonic Variants of Current Sample—Annotates variants
found within an exon plus 20 bp on either side of the exonic
region to include the annotation of splice site variants.
• Selected Variants of Current Sample—Annotates only the
variants that you have selected or filtered.
• All Samples—Annotates all variants within each sample
imported into the project. This process can take time to
complete depending on the number of samples in the
project.
Custom Annotation
Opens a window to browse to the location of the custom
annotations file for variant-level annotation. For more
information, see Input File for Custom Variant Annotations on
page 27.
Custom Gene
Annotation
Opens a window to browse to the location of the custom
annotations file for gene-level annotation. For more
information, see Input File for Custom Gene Annotations on
page 27.
Subscriptions Settings
This command is not enabled for the desktop version of
VariantStudio.
Set Default
Transcripts
Opens a window that lists the default transcript for each gene
and options for changing to other than the default transcript.
NOTE
Although mitochondrial variants can be imported, the annotation database does not provide
annotations for these variants.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
From the Annotate menu, click Annotation Options. The Annotation Options form opens with
options to annotate only certain variants.
Figure 14 Variant Option Form
Option
Description
Transcript Annotation
Provides options to annotate only variants in the canonical
transcript, which is the longest translated transcript in the
gene, and variants in intronic regions.
Transcript Source
Type
Annotates variants identified in a specific annotation source,
which is RefSeq, by default.
The default can be changed to Ensembl by editing the mode
entry in the VariantStudio configuration file
(VariantStudio.exe.config), as follows:
<add key="Mode" value="Ensembl"/>
Close and reopen VariantStudio to enable the change.
Forget BaseSpace
Logon
Clears BaseSpace login information, such as ID and password.
Set Default Transcripts
1
Click Set Default Transcripts. A window opens that lists the default transcript for each
gene. By default, VariantStudio lists the canonical transcript, which is the longest
translated transcript in the gene.
2
For genes with multiple transcripts, use the drop-down list to set the default to another
transcript.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
25
Annotate Variants
Annotation Options
Applying Annotations and Classifications
Figure 15 Set Default Transcripts
Alternatively, click Browse to navigate to a tab-delimited text file containing your preferred
default transcripts and click Load.
Input File for Default Transcripts
The input file for default transcripts requires two columns: Gene_Name and Transcript_
Name, as shown in the following example.
Gene_Name
ACTN3
ADH1B
AKAP10
26
Transcript_Name
NM_003793.3
NM_000668.4
NM_007202.3
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Applying custom annotations requires a tab-delimited input file with a *.txt extension. One
input file is required for variant-level annotations and one for gene-level annotations.
NOTE
VariantStudio assumes that all annotations are expressed in the genomic coordinates on the
positive strand, including any custom annotations that are imported into VariantStudio.
Input File for Custom Variant Annotations
The input file for custom variant annotations requires five columns: Chr, Position, Ref,
Variant, and Annotation, as shown in the following example.
Chr
1
1
1
Position
11046855
11046909
14096821
Ref
G
A
T
Variant
T
T
C
Annotation
Good
Bad
Confirmed
}
}
}
}
}
Chr—The chromosome for the variant (1–22, X, Y, or M).
Position—The genomic coordinate of the variant on the chromosome (1-based).
Ref—The reference base, or bases for an insert or deletion, at the specified position.
Variant—The base, or bases for an insert or deletion, at the specified position.
Annotation—The value assigned to a variant with matching values for chr, position,
ref, and variant.
} (Optional) Three additional annotation columns are recognized input for custom
variant annotations. Use the headings Annotation2, Annotation3, and Annotation4.
NOTE
The Ref field and Variant field must be expressed in VCF format, where indels contain the
preceding base in common between the reference and variant allele. For more information,
see www.1000genomes.org/wiki/Analysis/Variant Call Format/vcf-variant-call-formatversion-41. On this site, go to step 3, Data Lines, Fixed Fields, and then step 4 Ref.
Input File for Custom Gene Annotations
The input file for gene annotations requires two columns: Gene and Annotation, as shown
in the following example.
Gene
AGRN
CCDC39
DHTKD1
Annotation
Myasthenia, limb-girdle, familial
Ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 14
2-aminoadipic 2-oxoadipic aciduria
} Gene—The gene symbol.
} Annotation—The value assigned to the specified gene.
Apply Custom Annotations
1
Create a custom annotations file using a text editor, such as Notepad, and save it with
a *.txt file extension.
2
From the Annotate menu, click Custom Annotations to apply annotations to variants
or Custom Gene Annotations to apply annotations to genes.
3
Browse to the custom annotations file and click OK. This step links the custom
annotations file to the project.
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Create Custom Annotations
Create Custom Annotations
Applying Annotations and Classifications
4
28
Use the custom filters in the Filters pane to filter data based on custom annotations. For
more information, see Custom Filters on page 45.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Introduced in VariantStudio v2.1, you can apply classifications to variants according to
their biological impact. Classifications are stored in the classification database.
Figure 16 Classification Menu
Command
Description
Apply Classifications
from Database
Use this command to apply classifications to any variants in the
current sample that are listed in the classification database. For
more information, see Apply Classifications from Database on page 30.
View Classification
Database
Use this command to open the classification database, edit entries in
the database, or import classifications from an external file. For
more information, see View Classifications Database on page 33.
Classification Settings
VariantStudio provides five classifications: Benign, Presumed
Benign, Presumed Pathogenic, Pathogenic, and Unknown
Significance. Use this command to add or remove classification
categories. For more information, see Add or Remove Classification
Categories on page 33.
Variant classifications can be changed at any time in the classification database or changed
locally in the current project without changing database entries. For more information, see
Edit Variant Classifications on page 31.
By default, the classification database is saved locally for use with any VariantStudio
project that is opened locally. For more information, see Classification Database Location on
page 34.
A backup of the classification database is created with the first change of each day. For
more information, see Classification Database Backup on page 34.
For each classified variant, two text fields are available for recording comments about the
variant, the Notes field and the Report Fragment field:
} Notes—Information in Notes field is stored in the classification database only.
} Report Fragment—Information in the Report Fragment field is stored in the
classification database and exported as a column in the sample report. For more
information, see Sample Report Overview on page 57.
There are three ways to apply classifications to variants in a project:
} From the menu, apply classifications to variants in the current sample that are listed in
the classification database.
} From the Variants table, apply a classification to a selected variant in the Variants
table and save the classification to the database.
} From the Variants table, apply a classification to multiple selected variants in the
Variants table and save the classification to the database. The same classification must
apply to all selected variants.
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Apply Variant Classifications
Apply Variant Classifications
Applying Annotations and Classifications
Apply Classifications from Database
Click Apply Classifications from Database. Any variants in the current project that have
matching criteria in the classification database are annotated with the classification as
specified in the database.
Apply Classifications in the Variants Table
1
Click the
icon in the Classification column for the variant you want to classify. The
Classification for Variant in Database window opens, which shows information for the
variant and provides a drop-down list of available classification categories.
Figure 17 Classification for Variant in Database
2
Select a classification category from the Classification drop-down list, and enter any
applicable comments in the Notes field and Report Fragment field.
3
Click Save Changes to Database. The classification can later be removed from the
classification database.
Apply Classifications to Multiple Variants
30
1
Use shift-click or ctrl-click to select more than one row in the Variants table.
2
Right-click in the Classifications column over a selected row, and then select Classify
Selected Variants.
3
From the Classify Selected Variants window, use the drop-down list to assign a
classification. Enter any applicable comments in the Notes field and Report Fragment
field.
4
Click OK. The classification assignments are saved to the database automatically.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
There are two ways to edit classifications for variants with assigned classifications:
} Edit variant classifications in the database.
} Edit classifications locally in the current project without changing database entries.
Edit Classifications in the Database
1
Click the
icon in the Classification column for the variant you want to change. A
window opens that shows information about the variant, the current classification, and
any comments in the Report Fragment field.
2
Click Edit Classification in Classification Database. The Classification for Variant in
Database window opens.
Figure 18 Edit Classifications
3
Do one of the following:
• To change the classification in the database, select a new classification from the
Classification drop-down list and click Save Changes in Database.
• To remove the classification from the database, click Remove Classification from
Database.
Figure 19 Remove Classification from Database
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Edit Variant Classifications
Edit Variant Classifications
Applying Annotations and Classifications
Edit Variant Classifications Locally
To change variant classifications locally, the variant must already have a classification
assigned in the classification database.
1
Click the
icon in the Classification column for the variant that you want to edit
locally. A window opens that shows information about the variant, the current
classification, and any comments in the Report Fragment field.
Figure 20 Reapply Classifications from Database
32
2
Select a different classification category from the Classification drop-down list.
3
Click OK. The classification is applied to the variant in the current project only. The
variant classification recorded in the database can be reapplied to the variant later.
4
To revert the classification to what is assigned in the database, click the
Classification column.
5
Click Apply Classification from Classification Database. The classification recorded in
the database appears in the Classification field. Click OK.
icon in the
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
From the Annotations and Classification tab, use commands on the Classifications menu to
view the classification database and manage classification settings.
View Classifications Database
Click View Classification Database to view the entries in the classification database. From
this window, you can edit an entry, delete an entry, or import classifications from an
internal file.
} Edit an entry—Select a row, or use shift-click or ctrl-click to select multiple rows. Click
Edit Selected. Reassign a classification or add comments.
} Delete an entry—Select a row, or use shift-click or ctrl-click to select multiple rows.
Click Delete Selected. The entry is permanently deleted from the database.
} Import classifications—Click Import Classifications and browse to the location of your
external classifications file. For more information, see Import Classifications on page 35.
Figure 21 View Classification Database
Add or Remove Classification Categories
Click Classification Settings to add, remove, or rename classification categories.
} Add—In the Add Category field, enter a new category name. Click Add.
} Remove—Select a category from the list. Click Remove.
} Rename—Select a category from the list. Click Rename and enter a new name.
Figure 22 Classifications Options Dialog Box
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Manage Classifications
Manage Classifications
Applying Annotations and Classifications
Classification Database Location
By default, the classification database is saved locally in
C:\ProgramData\Illumina\Illumina VariantStudio\ClassificationDb.bin.
When the database is stored locally, classifications are available for the current project and
any future projects opened on that computer.
If the classification database is stored on a network location, classifications are available to
projects opened in any installation of VariantStudio with access to that network location.
1
To change the default setting, open the VariantStudio configuration file in C:\Program
Files\Illumina\Illumina VariantStudio\VariantStudio.exe.config.
2
In the value field of the ClassificationDatabaseFilePath key, enter the preferred
network path.
3
Save and close the configuration file.
4
Close and reopen VariantStudio to enable the change.
Classification Database Backup
A backup of the classification database is created the first time the database is changed on
any given day.
The backup is named DDMMYYYY.bin and is stored in the folder DatabaseBackups,
which is located in the same folder as the classification database,
C:\ProgramData\Illumina\Illumina VariantStudio\DatabaseBackups.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
To import classifications to the classification database from an external file, create an input
file in a tab-delimited text format (TSV) using a *.tsv file extension.
The input file requires five columns: Chr, Position, Ref, Variant, and Classification, as
shown in the following example. Optionally, include a Notes column and a Fragment
column.
Chr
1
1
1
Position
11046855
11046868
11046909
Ref
G
C
A
Variant
T
G T
Classification
Classification 1
Classification 2
Classification 3
Notes
Note 1
Note 2
Note 3
}
}
}
}
}
Chr—The chromosome for the variant (1–22, X, Y, or M).
Position—The genomic coordinate of the variant on the chromosome.
Ref—The reference base, or bases, for an insert or deletion at the specified position.
Variant—The base, or bases, for an insert or deletion at the specified position.
Classification—The value assigned to a variant with matching values for chr, position,
ref, and variant. The classification name must match one of the classifications listed in
your database.
} Notes—Note about the entry. Information in this field is not included in the sample
report.
} Fragment—Notes about the entry that are intended for the sample report.
NOTE
Make sure that you add any new classification names to the database using the
Classifications Settings command.
Best Practices for Importing Classifications
NOTE
All coordinates used in VariantStudio are genomic coordinates on the positive strand.
Before importing previously classified variants into the VariantStudio classification
database, convert classifications to genomic coordinates. This step is especially important
for variants that were classified based on HGVSc notations and transcripts.
Importing classifications before converting to genomic coordinates can result in some
variants not being annotated with imported classifications when you use the command
Apply Classifications from Database. Because VariantStudio assumes that all annotations
are expressed in genomic coordinates on the positive strand, the classification database
requires an exact match for variants to be annotated with stored classifications.
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Import Classifications
Import Classifications
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Chapter 3 Applying Filters
Apply Filters
Family Based Filtering Workflows
Create Favorite Filters
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52
37
Chapter 3
Applying Filters
Applying Filters
Apply Filters
The Filters pane provides options for applying any combination of filters to the data in
your project. Filters are grouped in nine expandable sections: General, Variant, Gene,
Consequence, Population Frequency, Cross Sample Subtraction, Family Based, Custom, and
Classification.
Figure 23 Filters Pane
1
Click the down arrow
icon to expand a filter section.
2
From the available options, select filter settings. Use any combination of settings from
any number of filters.
3
Click Apply Filters. Filters are applied to the current sample only, not to all samples
that are imported into the project.
4
Click Clear Filters to remove applied filters.
NOTE
You can create a filter using any combination of the filter options in the Filters pane, and then
save the combination as a single filter. Saved filters can later be applied to other samples. For
more information, see Create Favorite Filters on page 52.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Apply Filters
General Filters
Use the General filters to filter data by genotype, variant type, and chromosome.
Filter Name
Setting Description
Genotype
Filters data to show any combination of heterozygote,
homozygote, or hemizygote.
All options are selected by default.
Variant Type
Filters data to show any combination of SNVs, Insertions,
Deletions, or Reference calls.
Chromosome
Filters data to show all chromosomes (default), autosomal
chromosomes, or a specific chromosome number.
Advanced
Filters data based on selections that you make in the
Advanced Filter window.
Advanced Filter Options
Use the Advanced filter options to create a multi-branched Boolean expression for filtering
data in the Variants table. As you build the advanced filter, a diagram appears to illustrate
the filter and branches in the expression.
1
Select the checkbox labeled Use Advanced Filter and then click Edit Filter. The Create
Advanced Filter window opens.
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Applying Filters
Figure 24 Create Advanced Filter Window
2
Select a column heading from the list on the left-hand side.
3
Select an operation from the Operation list.
4
Select either Constant or Parameter.
• To filter on a constant, enter a constant associated with the selection from the lefthand column.
• To filter on a parameter, select a column heading from the list on the right-hand
side.
5
Click the generate filter
6
To add another branch to the advanced filter, select the radio button for either and, or,
xor (exclusive). Then, click Add. A new branch is added to the diagram.
7
Continue selecting options and operators until you have completed the filter.
8
When the advanced filter is complete, click OK.
9
From the Filters pane, click Apply Filters.
button. A diagram of the filters appears.
Variant Filters
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Filter Name
Setting Description
Variant Call
Filters data based on a specified value for variant call quality:
pass filter, quality score, read depth, or percentage of variant
frequency for the minor allele.
Select the checkbox, and then use the up/down arrows to
specify a minimum threshold.
Show only variants
Filters data based on variant position. Options include inside
genes, inside coding regions, and in conserved regions.
Only variants with
Filters data based on the source of annotation. Options
include variants without dbSNP ID, with COSMIC annotation,
and with ClinVar annotation.
Gene Filters
Use the Gene filters to filter data by disease, or include or exclude specific genes.
Filter Name
Setting Description
Disease
Filters data to show genes associated with the specified
disease.
Enter the disease name. This field is not case-sensitive.
Include List
Filters data to include specified genes.
To include genes, click the
button to open the gene list
field next to the Include List options, and enter the gene
name. This field is not case-sensitive.
Exclude List
Filters data to exclude specified genes.
To exclude genes, click the
button to open the gene list
field next to the Exclude List options, and enter the gene
name. This field is not case-sensitive.
Min Variant Alleles
Filters data to show only variants that overlap genes with the
specified number of variant alleles. A homozygous variant
counts as two variant alleles, while a heterozygous variant
counts as one variant allele.
Custom Gene
Annotation
Filters data to show only genes with as specified custom
annotation.
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Apply Filters
Use the Variant filters to filter by variant call attributes, variant positions, and variants
with specific annotation.
Applying Filters
NOTE
If you click Clear Filters, the gene list is also cleared. To save a gene list, create a favorite
filter. For more information, see Create Favorite Filters on page 52.
Consequence Filters
Use the Consequence filters to filter data by variants that alter the coding potential of the
transcript.
42
1
Select the checkbox Show only variants that are.
2
Select the checkbox for each individual consequence setting or click Select All.
Filter Name
Setting Definition
Missense
A single base pair substitution that results in the translation of
a different amino acid at that position.
Note: PolyPhen and SIFT report only SNVs.
PolyPhen, damaging
A prediction of a damaging effect of an amino acid
substitution on the function of a human protein based on
PolyPhen.
SIFT, deleterious
A prediction of a deleterious effect of an amino acid
substitution on the function of a human protein based on
SIFT.
Frameshift
An insertion or deletion involving a number of base pairs that
are not a multiple of three, which disrupts the triple reading
frame.
Stop gained
The gain of a stop codon in the coding sequence.
Stop loss
The loss of a stop codon in the coding sequence.
Initiator codon
A codon that acts as a start signal for the synthesis of a
protein.
In-frame insertion
An insertion that does not alter the reading frame as a result
of the insertion.
In-frame deletion
A deletion that does not alter the reading frame as a result of
the deletion.
Splice
An insertion, deletion, or substitution that occurs in a splice
region of the gene. A splice is not in a coding region.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Apply Filters
Population Frequency Filters
Use the Population Frequency filters to filter data based on the allele frequency in
population studies.
Options include global frequency, American, Asian, African, European, and EVS.
} American, Asian, African, and European are allele frequency from 1000 Genomes.
} EVS is allele frequency from the NHLBI exome sequencing project.
1
Select the checkbox and then use the up/down arrows to specify a value expressed as
percentage.
2
To set the same value to all populations, use the up/down arrows in the Set all to field.
Click Set All.
Cross Sample Subtraction Filter
If multiple samples are present in the project, use the cross sample filter to exclude variants
that are also present in another sample.
1
Select the checkbox Use Cross Sample Subtraction.
2
From the drop-down list, select a sample in the project. Only one sample can be
selected as the cross sample filter.
This filter is helpful when filtering variants present in tumor-normal samples.
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Applying Filters
Family Based Filter
Use the Family Based filter to determine modes of inheritance based on the mother, father,
and child. This filter is useful in removing variants that are not disease-causing.
1
Select the checkbox Use Family Based Filtering.
2
Using the Type drop-down list, select a type from the following choices:
• X-linked Recessive—Variant-level filtering of heterozygous variants in affected
females that are not present in the father and hemizygous in affected males.
• Autosomal Recessive transmission—Gene-level filtering of different heterozygous
variants in the same gene in both parents, or variant-level filtering of the same
heterozygous variants in both parents.
• De novo mutation—Filters variants not present in either parent. This filter can also
be applied using the cross-sample subtraction filter.
• Autosomal Dominant transmission—Variant-level filtering of heterozygous
variants that are present in the affected child, present in the affected parent, and
not present in the unaffected parent. This filter requires that you select the checkbox
next the mother or father, whichever is the affected parent.
3
With the child sample set as current, use the drop-down lists to select the sample from
the mother and the sample from the father. All samples must be present in the current
project.
For more information, see Family Based Filtering Workflows on page 46.
Best Practices When Using the Family Based Filter
} Variants that were not called in the parents can be filtered out. Regardless of VCF or
gVCF input, no-call information is not considered for this filter. Always examine the
child sample without filtering to make sure that a variant of interest is not missed due
to lack of coverage.
} If you have a gVCF file, use a gVCF viewer such as the Integrative Genomics Browser
(IGV) to examine the no coverage regions. Check for the presence of a disease gene of
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Custom Filters
Custom filters enable filtering based on input provided in the custom annotations input
file. For more information, see Create Custom Annotations on page 27.
Filter Name
Setting Description
Do not filter on custom
annotation
Turns off custom annotations. This setting is on by default.
Show variants with
annotation
Filters data to show variants that match criteria provided in
the custom annotations input file with an assigned
annotation value in the annotations column.
Show variants without
annotation
Filters data to show variants that match criteria provided in
the custom annotations input file without an assigned
annotation value in the annotations column.
Show variants that
contain
Filters data to show variants that match criteria provided in
the custom annotation input file. Options include
annotations from any of the four possible annotation
columns.
Classification Filter
Use the classification filter to filter by classifications assigned in the classification database.
Any customized classifications appear in the classification filters list.
1
Select the Filter by classification checkbox.
2
Select the checkbox next to any number of available classifications.
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Apply Filters
interest in samples from the child and other family members. For more information, see
www.broadinstitute.org/igv/.
Applying Filters
Family Based Filtering Workflows
The mode of inheritance, which is the inheritance pattern of a genetic trait or disorder as
passed down through generations, is typically one of the following:
} Autosomal recessive
} Autosomal dominant
} X-linked recessive
} De novo mutation
Disease-causing variants co-exist with the disorder according to the mode of inheritance.
Family based filtering requires at least three samples, the affected child, also known as the
proband, and the parents.
Figure 25 Minimum Samples: Father, Mother, and Proband
}
Affected
Because the proband contains thousands of variants that appear deleterious, filtering is
necessary to remove variants that are not disease-causing and identify disease-causing
variants.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Family Based Filtering Workflows
X-Linked Recessive Transmission Workflow
}
}
}
}
A variant is on the X chromosome
The variant is heterozygous (0/1) in the mother
The variant is not present in the father
The variant is homozygous (1/1) in the affected child
Figure 26 X-Linked Recessive Transmission Logic
}
}
}
}
Unaffected reference
Unaffected carrier
Affected
Mutation
X-Linked Recessive Transmission Workflow
Proband
Subtract
All variants not on X
Subtract
All variants that are not heterozygous (0/1) in mother
Subtract
All variants that are homozygous (1/1) in father
Subtract
All variants that are not homozygous (1/1) in affected siblings
Subtract
All variants that are homozygous (1/1) in unaffected siblings
Filtering results: Deleterious variants
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Applying Filters
Autosomal Recessive Transmission Workflow
There are two possibilities for recessive transmission.
1
A single gene contains a variant that is:
• Heterozygous (0/1) in the mother
• Heterozygous (0/1) in the father
• Homozygous (1/1) in the affected children
Figure 27 Autosomal Recessive Transmission Logic #1
}
}
}
}
Unaffected reference
Unaffected carrier
Affected
Mutation
Autosomal Recessive Transmission Workflow #1
Proband
Subtract
All variants that are homozygous (1/1) in the father, mother, and unaffected
siblings
Include
Homozygous (1/1) variants in the child that are heterozygous (0/1) in the
mother and father
Subtract
All variants that are not homozygous (1/1) in affected siblings
Subtract
All variants that are homozygous (1/1) in unaffected siblings
Filtering results: Deleterious variants
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
A single gene contains:
• One variant that is heterozygous (0/1) in the mother
• The same gene contains a different variant that is heterozygous (0/1) in the father
• Both variants are present in the affected child (0/1 and 0/1)
Figure 28 Autosomal Recessive Transmission Logic #2
}
}
}
}
Unaffected reference
Unaffected carrier
Affected
Mutation
Autosomal Recessive Transmission Workflow #2
Proband
Subtract
All variants that are homozygous (1/1) in the father, mother, and unaffected
siblings
Include
Compound heterozygous (0/1) variants, if at least two variants are in the
same gene, at least one variant is heterozygous in the father, and other
variants are heterozygous in the mother.
Subtract
All variants that are not compound heterozygous (0/1) in affected siblings
Subtract
All variants that are compound heterozygous (0/1) in unaffected siblings
Filtering results: Deleterious variants
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Family Based Filtering Workflows
2
Applying Filters
De Novo Mutation Workflow
} A variant is present (0/1 or 1/1) in the proband
} The variant is not present (0/0) in either parent or siblings
} Only one child in the family is affected
Figure 29 De Novo Mutation Logic
}
}
}
}
Unaffected reference
Unaffected carrier
Affected
Mutation
De Novo Mutation Workflow
Proband
Subtract
All variants that are heterozygous (0/1) or homozygous (1/1) in the mother,
father, and unaffected siblings
Filtering results: Deleterious variants
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Family Based Filtering Workflows
Autosomal Dominant Transmission Workflow
} A variant is heterozygous (0/1) in the affected parent
} The variant is not present (0/0) in the unaffected parent
} The variant is heterozygous (0/1) in the affected children
Figure 30 Autosomal Dominant Transmission Logic
}
}
}
}
Unaffected reference
Unaffected carrier
Affected
Mutation
Autosomal Dominant Transmission Workflow
Proband
Subtract
All variants that are heterozygous (0/1) in unaffected parent or siblings
Subtract
All variants that are not heterozygous (0/1) in affected parent or siblings
Filtering results: Deleterious variants
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Applying Filters
Create Favorite Filters
To save any combination of filtering options for use with a different sample or for later use
in another project, save the filtering options as a favorite filter.
The Filter Favorites menu includes commands to save, apply, modify, and manage saved
filters.
Figure 31 Filter Favorites Menu Commands
Command
Description
Current
Shows the current filter that is applied and a list of available
saved filters. Select a saved favorite filter from the drop-down
list to apply it to the current sample.
If you change to another sample, a favorite filter applied to
the previous sample is not applied automatically to the next
sample.
Manage Filters
Opens tools for renaming, duplicating, or deleting saved
filters.
Save
Saves changes to the currently applied filter.
Save As
Opens a dialog box for naming a favorite filter.
Save a Favorite Filter
1
With any combination of filters specified in the Filters pane, select Apply Filter.
2
Click Save As
3
Enter a name for the new filter. Click OK. When a saved filter is applied, the saved
filter name appears in the Current field.
in the Filter Favorites menu.
Apply a Favorite Filter
1
To apply a saved filter, expand the Current field drop-down list.
2
Select a filter name from the list. The filter is applied automatically.
3
To change to another saved filter, expand the drop-down list in the Current field, and
select a different filter name.
4
Alternatively, click the blank entry at the top of the saved filters list to remove the
currently applied filter. The variants table is restored to an unfiltered view.
NOTE
The favorite filter is not automatically applied when you move to another sample in your
project. To apply a favorite filter, reselect the favorite filter name from the Current dropdown list.
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Part # 15040890 Rev. D
1
Select additional filtering options from the Filters pane, and click Apply Filter. An
asterisk appears next to the saved filter name, which indicates that changes have been
applied while the saved filter was selected.
2
To modify the saved filter with the applied filtering options, click Save
in the Filter
Favorites menu. The selected saved filter is modified to include the additional filtering
options.
Manage Favorite Filters
To rename, duplicate, or delete favorite filters, use the Manage Favorites feature.
Figure 32 Managing Favorite Filters
1
Click Manage Favorites. Names of saved filters appear on the left panel and a block
diagram of the selected filter appears on the right panel. To adjust the view of the block
diagram, click anywhere on the right panel and use the scrolling feature on your
mouse to zoom in or zoom out.
2
Click Done to apply changes.
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Create Favorite Filters
Modify a Favorite Filter
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Chapter 4 Generating Reports
Introduction
Sample Report Overview
Create a Sample Report Template
Create a Sample Report
Export Text Files and Charts
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58
60
61
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Chapter 4
Generating Reports
Generating Reports
Introduction
VariantStudio provides tools to export results from a project to an external report.
Use the commands on the Reports tab to create a sample report, and to export data to text
files and graphical representations.
Figure 33 Reports Tab
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The sample report consists of five sections plus a footer and is generated as a PDF file or
RTF file, depending on your preference. A sample report includes the following sections:
} Lab information—Typically, this section is defined in the template and appears as a
header in the sample report.
} Sample information—This section contains details about the sample and appears as a
two-column table in the sample report. The first column contains the field name and
the second column contains the value. There are two ways to populate this section of
the report:
• Specify field names using the Manage Templates feature and then manually enter
the value in the text fields.
• Import sample information from an external text file. The text file must have two
tab-delimited or comma-separated columns, one for the field name and one for the
field value, and use a *.txt, *.csv, or *.tsv extension.
} Test summary—This section is reserved for a description of the test performed. Set up
preferred content and formatting in the template. Add information specific to the report
when you create the report.
} Results—This section lists variants in the open project that have a classification
assigned. This section is blank if the project does not contain assigned classifications.
Results are formatted in a four-column table with headings of Gene, Variant,
Classification, and Details. Information in the Details column comes from the Report
Fragment field in the classification database.
Figure 34 Example of a Results Section
} Methodology—This section is reserved for a description of the methodology specific to
the report. Set up preferred content and formatting in the template. Add information
specific to the report when you create the report.
} References—This section is reserved for references applicable to the contents of the
report.
} Page footer—Typically, this section is defined in the template. For example, the footer
can contain the facility address and contact information, or it can be blank.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
57
Sample Report Overview
Sample Report Overview
Generating Reports
Create a Sample Report Template
Use the Manage Templates feature to create a customized template for sample reports. After
templates are created, use Manage Templates to duplicate, edit, rename, or delete templates
in the template library.
VariantStudio includes an example report template to help in creating a template. The
example report template cannot be edited. Instead, create a copy of the example report
template. From this copy, rename the template and customize each section of the template
using the template tabs.
1
Click Manage Templates. The Manage Report Templates window opens.
Figure 35 Manage Report Templates Window
58
2
Do one of the following:
• Highlight Example Template in the Report Template field and click Duplicate and
enter a template name. Click OK.
• To create a template without using the example template, click New and enter a
template name. Click OK.
• To edit an existing template, click to highlight the template name in the Report
Template list. This template is now the active template and ready for editing.
3
For each of the following tabs, enter the information to be included in reports using this
template. Use the formatting tools to customize the layout. Information included in the
following sections of the template are editable when creating the sample report.
• Sample Info tab—Specify the sample fields to include in the report. Each field
name generates a row in the sample information table.
• Lab Information tab—Enter the lab name and location, or other preferred
information for the report header.
• Test Summary tab—Enter preferred introductory content to begin this section.
Otherwise, leave this section blank in the template.
• Methodology tab—Similar to Test Summary, enter preferred introductory content to
begin this section. Otherwise, leave this section blank in the template.
• Page Footer tab—Enter preferred content for the template footer, such as contact
information. This information appears at the bottom of each page in the report.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Click the Classifications tab. Drag and drop classification names from the Available
Classification list to the Displayed Classification list. The selected classifications are
included in any reports using this template and they appear in the order listed.
Figure 36 Classifications for Reporting
5
Click Save Changes.
6
(Optional) With the template name highlighted in the Report Template list, click Make
Default. The current default is listed in the lower-left corner of the Manage Report
Templates window.
7
Click Done. The Manage Report Templates window closes.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
59
Create a Sample Report Template
4
Generating Reports
Create a Sample Report
Before proceeding, consider creating a template using the Manage Templates feature. For
more information, see Create a Sample Report Template on page 58.
1
From the Reports menu, click Sample Report. The Sample Report window opens.
Figure 37 Sample Report, Sample Info Tab
60
2
From the Report Template drop-down list, select an appropriate template for the report.
3
On the Sample Info tab, enter information in the fields provided or click Import to
browse to the location of the text file containing the information.
4
Enter information for the remaining tabs that are not already populated in the selected
template.
5
Click Preview to preview the report before generating it.
6
Click Export to PDF or Export to RTF to generate the report.
To save the report contents without generating the report, click Done.
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
In addition to sample reports, VariantStudio provides tools for exporting to text files and
graphical representations of data.
Export Text Files
Exporting filtered variants and all transcripts for variants generates a tab-separated values
file. Exporting filter history generates a comma-separated values (CSV) file. These text file
formats are not application-specific and can be opened in any text editor.
Command
Description
Filtered Variants
(TSV)
Exports filtered variants from the current sample.
For variants that overlap multiple genes, only the transcripts
that appear on the interface are exported.
All Transcripts for
Variants (TSV)
Exports all transcripts for filtered variants in the sample.
Filter History (CSV)
Exports a report of all filters applied to the project.
Export Charts
From the Charts menu, select a preferred format to export results in a histogram or a pie
chart.
Command
Description
Histogram
Generates a histogram of filtered results from the Variants
table.
• Use the Plot drop-down list on the generated histogram
(Figure 38) to represent variant quality values or indel
variant length.
• Use Data Source options to show all variants or only
filtered variants.
Pie Chart
Generates a pie chart of filtered results from the Variants
table.
• Use the Plot drop-down list on the generated pie chart
(Figure 39) to represent percentages of variant call filters,
variant type, genotype, coding regions, or filtered variants.
• Use Data Source options to show all variants or only
filtered variants.
From the generated chart, click Copy to Clipboard to transfer the image from the
VariantStudio software to an application that supports images.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
61
Export Text Files and Charts
Export Text Files and Charts
Generating Reports
Figure 38 Histogram
Figure 39 Pie Chart
62
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Appendix A Annotation Sources
Annotation Sources
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
64
63
Appendix A
Annotation Sources
Annotation Sources
Annotation Sources
Annotation sources are static in the VariantStudio software. Any changes to source
databases, such as ClinVar, do not automatically update the annotation sources connected
to VariantStudio.
The VariantStudio software includes the following annotation sources:
} Variant Effect Predictor (VEP)
} 1000 Genomes Project
} Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC)
} ClinVar
} National Center for Biotechnology (NCBI)
} National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Exome Variant Server
} UCSC
VEP v2.8
} Source:
• Uses data from the Ensembl infrastructure (release 72)
ftp.ncbi.nih.gov/snp/organisms/human_9606/VCF/00-All.vcf.gz
• Ensembl infrastructure pulls information from RefSeq (release 56)
} Values:
• Positional (specific to the position, not necessarily matching the allele):
— GMAF—Global minor allele frequency
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/variation/tools/reporter/docs/faq#gmaf
— GMAF allele
— HGNC of overlapping transcripts (for Ensembl only)
For RefSeq, see NCBI on page 65.
• Transcript specific:
— Feature
— Feature Type
— Consequence
— cDNA Position
— CDS Position
— Protein Position
— Amino Acids
— Codons
— Exon
— Intron
— HGNC—Direct from Ensembl for ENST
For RefSeq, same as NCBI.
— Distance
— Canonical
— Sift
— PolyPhen
— ENSP
— Domains
— CCDS—Reported for Ensemble annotations only
— HGVSc
— HGVSp
• Positional—Specific to the position, not necessarily matching the allele:
64
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
Feature ID
Feature Type
Consequence
Motif Name
Motif Position
High Influence Position
Motif Score Change
Cell Type
1000 Genomes (April 2012 v3)
} Source:
• ftp.1000genomes.ebi.ac.uk/vol1/ftp/release/20110521/ALL.wgs.phase1_release_
v3.20101123.snps_indels_sv.sites.vcf.gz
} Values:
• Ancestral Allele [AA]
• Global allele Frequency [AF]
• Population allele frequencies:
(www.1000genomes.org/category/frequently-asked-questions/population)
— African [AFR_AF]
— Ad Mixed American [AMR_AF]
— East Asian [ASN]
— European [EUR]
COSMIC (v65)
} Source:
• ngs.sanger.ac.uk/production/cosmic/*_noLimit.vcf.gz
Additional annotation for COSMIC entries were obtained from
ftp.sanger.ac.uk/pub/CGP/cosmic/data_export/CosmicCompleteExport_*.tsv.gz
From the CosmicCompleteExport data file, the following four fields were added:
• primary_site
• site_subtype
• primary_histology
• histology_subtype
ClinVar
} Version September 5, 2013
} www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/clinvar/
NCBI
dbSNP (v137)
} Source:
• ftp.ncbi.nih.gov/snp/organisms/human_9606/VCF/00-All.vcf.gz
} Values:
• rsID
RefSeq Transcript ID and HGNC
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
65
Annotation Sources
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Annotation Sources
} Sources:
• ftp.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/DATA/gene_info.gz
• ftp.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/DATA/gene2refseq.gz
} Values:
• Transcript ID and gene name are mapped as follows: Transcript ID > Gene ID >
HGNC, using the NCBI unique Gene ID to link the two databases.
NHLBI Exome Variant Server
} Version ESP6500SI-V2 (updated June 7, 2013)
} Source: evs.gs.washington.edu/EVS/
• ESP6500SI-V2-SSA137.dbSNP138.snps_indels.vcf.tar.gz
• ESP6500SI-V2.coverage.all_sites.txt.tar.gz
} Values:
• For SNVs and indels—Allele frequency computed from the TAC field, which
reports alternate alleles observed and reference alleles observed
• From the all_sites file (identifies captured positions, even if a variant is not present)
— TotalSamplesCovered
— AvgSampleReadDepth
UCSC (hg19)
Placental mammalian phastCons elements (downloaded from UCSC table browser)
66
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
*
*.vbp 5
1
1000 Genomes
annotation source 65
in variants table 13
A
alelle frequency 13, 43
annotation
commands 24
custom 24
options 25
sources 64
transcript source 25
B
BED file, importing 9
C
cancer analysis pipeline 21
canonical transcript 25
classification filter 45
classifications
adding, removing 33
applying to variants 29
database 29
database backup 34
database storage options 34
edit database 31
importing 35
in reports 58
in variants table 12
report fragments 29
ClinVar
annotation source 65
filter annotations with 41
in variants table 13
codon, intiatator 42
consequence 14
consequence filters 42
COSMIC
annotation source 65
filter annotations with 41
in variants table 13
cross sample subtraction filter 43
custom annotation 24
applying 27
creating 27
filters 45
in variants table 12
input file, genes 27
input file, variants 27
customer support 69
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
Index
Index
D
de novo mutation, filtering by 44
deletion, in-frame 42
documentation 69
dominant transmission, filtering by 44
E
Ensembl
annotation source 64
in variants table 15
Entrez Gene ID 16
EVS 43
F
family based filtering 44
favorite filters 52
filters
advanced 39
applying 6
classification 45
clear history 6
clearing 6
consequence 42
creating favorites 52
cross sample substraction 43
custom 45
family based 44
gene 41
general 39
history pane 6
history reporting 61
interface 5
population frequency 43
variants 41
filters pane 6, 38
frameshift 42
G
Gene ID 16
gene list
filtering 41
importing from 9
gene view 7
GeneReviews 16
genes table 15
genome VCF 4
GQX
in variants table 12
in VCF file 20
H
help, technical 69
HGNC
in variants table 14
transcript in variants table 15
67
Index
HGVS 15
histogram, creating 61
I
import commands 9
import options 9
initiator codon 42
input file
default transcripts 26
insertion, in-frame 42
installation, side-by-side 2
setting default 25
U
UCSC 66
V
NCBI 65
NHLBI Exome Variant Server 66
no-call regions table 16
variants
add to current sample 9
annotating 24
importing 9
variants table 11
VCF files
fields in the variants table 20
gVCF 4
import options 9
importing 9
requirements 3
somatic VCF 21
VEP 64
P
W
M
missense 42
N
padding with import 9
pie chart, creating 61
PolyPhen 15, 42
population frequency 43
PubMed
in genes table 16
workflow 2
X
X-linked variants, filtering by 44
R
recessive transmission, filtering by 44
reporting
filter history 61
sample report 57, 60
templates 58
variants 61
reports 56
requirements
system 2
VCF input 3
S
sample reports
creating 57, 60
creating a templates 58
SIFT 15, 42
somatic variant calls 21
splice 42
Start menu 5
system requirements 2
T
table views, modifying 17
tables
genes 5, 15
no-call regions 5, 16
variants 5, 11
technical assistance 69
templates
example report 58
sample report 58
transcript source 25
transcripts
input file 25
input file, default transcripts 26
68
Part # 15040890 Rev. D
For technical assistance, contact Illumina Technical Support.
Table 1 Illumina General Contact Information
Illumina Website
Email
www.illumina.com
techsupport@illumina.com
Table 2 Illumina Customer Support Telephone Numbers
Region
Contact Number
Region
North America
1.800.809.4566
Italy
Austria
0800.296575
Netherlands
Belgium
0800.81102
Norway
Denmark
80882346
Spain
Finland
0800.918363
Sweden
France
0800.911850
Switzerland
Germany
0800.180.8994
United Kingdom
Ireland
1.800.812949
Other countries
Contact Number
800.874909
0800.0223859
800.16836
900.812168
020790181
0800.563118
0800.917.0041
+44.1799.534000
Safety Data Sheets
Safety data sheets (SDSs) are available on the Illumina website at
www.illumina.com/msds.
Product Documentation
Product documentation in PDF is available for download from the Illumina website. Go
to www.illumina.com/support, select a product, then click Documentation & Literature.
VariantStudio v2.1 Software User Guide
69
Technical Assistance
Technical Assistance
Illumina
San Diego, California 92122 U.S.A.
+1.800.809.ILMN (4566)
+1.858.202.4566 (outside North America)
techsupport@illumina.com
www.illumina.com
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