User Manual

The Biology CRO
Protein Staining System
For electric staining of proteins in mini polyacrylamide gels
Version 1.0
April 3, 2010
GenScript USA Inc.
120 Centennial Ave.
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Tel: 732-885-9188, 732-885-9688
Fax: 732-210-0262, 732-885-5878
Email: info@genscript.com
User Manual
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Table of Contents
Product Contents
1
Product Specifications
3
eStainTM Protein Staining Device
5
Accessory Products
7
Introduction
8
Quick Reference Guide
11
Protocols
12
Troubleshooting
21
Examples of Results
22
Technical Support
23
Warranty
24
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Product Contents
Type of products
eStainTM Protein Staining System
Product Contents, continued
eStainTM Protein Staining
This manual is supplied with the following products:
Pads, continued
Product
Cat. No.
eStainTM Protein Staining Device
eStainTM Protein Staining
Device Contents
www.genscript.com
Quantity
Component
The eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pads
(R-250, 20-pak) contains:
L02010
eStainTM Protein Staining Pad (R-250)
The contents of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device are listed below
20
Gel Window (66mm×56mm)
1
Gel Window (76mm×64mm)
1
The eStainTM Protein Staining Pads
Component
eStain
TM
Quantity
Protein Staining Device
(G-250, 20-pak) contains:
1 each
eStainTM Protein Staining Pad (G-250)
Specific Power Cord based on the type
of unit ordered (for U.S./Canada/China/
1 each
Taiwan/Japan, Europe, or UK)
20
Gel Window (66mm×56mm)
1
Gel Window (76mm×64mm)
1
each pack eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pad
Forceps
1 each
(R-250) contains:
Shovel
1 each
1×eStainTM Cathode Pad (R-250)
1
1 each
1×eStainTM Anode Pad
1
eStain
TM
Graphite Electrode (11mm)
(installed inside the device)
each pack eStain
Ice Pack
1 each
Upon Receiving
Examine the unit carefully for any damage incurred during transit. File any
the Instrument
damage claims with the carrier. The warranty does not cover in-transit
TM
Protein Staining Pad
(G-250) contains:
1×eStainTM Cathode Pad (G-250)
1
1×eStainTM Anode Pad
1
damage.
eStainTM Graphite
eStainTM Protein Staining
Pads
The following eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are available from GenScript:
Product
Cat. No.
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads (R-250, 20-pak)
eStain
TM
L02011
Protein Staining Pads (G-250, 20-pak)
L02012
If you ordered the eStainTM Protein Staining Pads, you will receive the
components listed in the table below. Store the eStain
TM
Protein Staining
Electrode
The following eStainTM Graphite Electrodes are available from GenScript:
Product
eStain
TM
Cat. No.
Graphite Electrode (10mm, 1-pak)
L02013
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (11mm, 1-pak)
L02014
eStain
TM
Graphite Electrode (12mm, 1-pak)
For best results, when a Graphite Electrode was used for 200 times of electric
staining, replace it with a new one.
Pads at room temperature. For best results, use the eStainTM Staining Pads
before the expiration date printed on the package.
-1 -
L02015
-2-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Product Contents
Type of products
eStainTM Protein Staining System
Product Contents, continued
eStainTM Protein Staining
This manual is supplied with the following products:
Pads, continued
Product
Cat. No.
eStainTM Protein Staining Device
eStainTM Protein Staining
Device Contents
www.genscript.com
Quantity
Component
The eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pads
(R-250, 20-pak) contains:
L02010
eStainTM Protein Staining Pad (R-250)
The contents of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device are listed below
20
Gel Window (66mm×56mm)
1
Gel Window (76mm×64mm)
1
The eStainTM Protein Staining Pads
Component
eStain
TM
Quantity
Protein Staining Device
(G-250, 20-pak) contains:
1 each
eStainTM Protein Staining Pad (G-250)
Specific Power Cord based on the type
of unit ordered (for U.S./Canada/China/
1 each
Taiwan/Japan, Europe, or UK)
20
Gel Window (66mm×56mm)
1
Gel Window (76mm×64mm)
1
each pack eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pad
Forceps
1 each
(R-250) contains:
Shovel
1 each
1×eStainTM Cathode Pad (R-250)
1
1 each
1×eStainTM Anode Pad
1
eStain
TM
Graphite Electrode (11mm)
(installed inside the device)
each pack eStain
Ice Pack
1 each
Upon Receiving
Examine the unit carefully for any damage incurred during transit. File any
the Instrument
damage claims with the carrier. The warranty does not cover in-transit
TM
Protein Staining Pad
(G-250) contains:
1×eStainTM Cathode Pad (G-250)
1
1×eStainTM Anode Pad
1
damage.
eStainTM Graphite
eStainTM Protein Staining
Pads
The following eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are available from GenScript:
Product
Cat. No.
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads (R-250, 20-pak)
eStain
TM
L02011
Protein Staining Pads (G-250, 20-pak)
L02012
If you ordered the eStainTM Protein Staining Pads, you will receive the
components listed in the table below. Store the eStain
TM
Protein Staining
Electrode
The following eStainTM Graphite Electrodes are available from GenScript:
Product
eStain
TM
Cat. No.
Graphite Electrode (10mm, 1-pak)
L02013
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (11mm, 1-pak)
L02014
eStain
TM
Graphite Electrode (12mm, 1-pak)
For best results, when a Graphite Electrode was used for 200 times of electric
staining, replace it with a new one.
Pads at room temperature. For best results, use the eStainTM Staining Pads
before the expiration date printed on the package.
-1 -
L02015
-2-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Product Specifications
eStainTM Protein Staining
Device Specifications
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Product Specifications, continued
2.3 kg
eStainTM Graphite
The eStainTM Graphite Electrode is used as the replaceable anode of eStainTM
Dimensions:
200 mm (l) ×180 mm (w) ×90 mm (h)
Electrode Specifications
Protein Staining Device and available separately from GenScript.
Electrical Parameters:
100-120 V, 220-240 V, 50/60 Hz, 3.2 A
Built-in Features:
Digital display, alarm, light LED
Compatibility:
Suitable for electric staining of proteins in mini
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (10mm)
polyacrylamide gels
Dimensions:
100 mm (l) × 90 mm (w) ×10mm (h)
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene, Polycarbonate,
Weight:
170g
Aluminum, Titanium, Plasticized silicone.
Materials:
Powdered carbon, clay
Weight:
Materials:
Operating Temperature:
15 - 40°C
Forceps:
Stainless steel
Shovel:
Polycarbonate
The specifications for eStainTM Graphite Electrode are listed below:
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (11mm)
Avoid acetone, dimethyl sulfoxide, and acetic acid. These reagents can erode or
Dimensions:
100 mm (l) ×90 mm (w) ×11mm (h)
Weight:
180g
Materials:
Powdered carbon, clay
damage the device.
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (12mm)
Dimensions:
100 mm (l) ×90 mm (w) ×12 mm (h)
eStainTM Protein Staining
The eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are used with the eStainTM Protein Staining
Weight:
190g
Pads Specifications
Device.
Materials:
Powdered carbon, clay
The specifications of the eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pads are listed below:
eStainTM Cathode Pad (R-250 or G-250)
size:
8cm (l) x 7cm (w) x2.5mm (thick)
Materials:
Blotting filter paper presoaked with proprietary
cathode buffer containing CBB R-250 or G-250
dye
eStainTM Anode Pad
size:
8cm (l) x 7cm (w) x2.5mm (thick)
Materials:
Blotting filter paper presoaked with proprietary
anode buffer
Gel Window
Inter frame size:
66mm×56mm
76mm×64mm
Materials:
Polycarbonate
-3-
-4-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Product Specifications
eStainTM Protein Staining
Device Specifications
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Product Specifications, continued
2.3 kg
eStainTM Graphite
The eStainTM Graphite Electrode is used as the replaceable anode of eStainTM
Dimensions:
200 mm (l) ×180 mm (w) ×90 mm (h)
Electrode Specifications
Protein Staining Device and available separately from GenScript.
Electrical Parameters:
100-120 V, 220-240 V, 50/60 Hz, 3.2 A
Built-in Features:
Digital display, alarm, light LED
Compatibility:
Suitable for electric staining of proteins in mini
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (10mm)
polyacrylamide gels
Dimensions:
100 mm (l) × 90 mm (w) ×10mm (h)
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene, Polycarbonate,
Weight:
170g
Aluminum, Titanium, Plasticized silicone.
Materials:
Powdered carbon, clay
Weight:
Materials:
Operating Temperature:
15 - 40°C
Forceps:
Stainless steel
Shovel:
Polycarbonate
The specifications for eStainTM Graphite Electrode are listed below:
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (11mm)
Avoid acetone, dimethyl sulfoxide, and acetic acid. These reagents can erode or
Dimensions:
100 mm (l) ×90 mm (w) ×11mm (h)
Weight:
180g
Materials:
Powdered carbon, clay
damage the device.
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (12mm)
Dimensions:
100 mm (l) ×90 mm (w) ×12 mm (h)
eStainTM Protein Staining
The eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are used with the eStainTM Protein Staining
Weight:
190g
Pads Specifications
Device.
Materials:
Powdered carbon, clay
The specifications of the eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pads are listed below:
eStainTM Cathode Pad (R-250 or G-250)
size:
8cm (l) x 7cm (w) x2.5mm (thick)
Materials:
Blotting filter paper presoaked with proprietary
cathode buffer containing CBB R-250 or G-250
dye
eStainTM Anode Pad
size:
8cm (l) x 7cm (w) x2.5mm (thick)
Materials:
Blotting filter paper presoaked with proprietary
anode buffer
Gel Window
Inter frame size:
66mm×56mm
76mm×64mm
Materials:
Polycarbonate
-3-
-4-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
eStainTM Protein Staining Device
eStainTM Protein Staining Device, continued
Front View of
The front top view showing various parts of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device
Control Panel of
The control panel of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device is described below.
is shown below.
eStainTM Device
When upper status light is on, which indicates staining mode, the Digital
eStainTM Device
Display shows running time; otherwise when both upper and lower status lights
are on, which indicates numbering mode, the Digital Display shows how many
times of electric staining the eStainTM Graphite Electrode has been used for.
The Reset button is used to clear parameters.
Control Panel
The Time button is used to set running time and toggle between staining mode
and numbering mode.
The Start/Stop button is used to activate/stop the staining program.
Handle Bar
Rear View of
eStain
TM
Device
The rear view showing various parts of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device
is shown below.
Power Switch
Inside View of
The inside view showing various parts of the eStainTM Protein Staining
eStainTM Device
Device is shown below:
Titanium Cathode
AC Inlet
Graphite Anode
-5-
-6-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
eStainTM Protein Staining Device
eStainTM Protein Staining Device, continued
Front View of
The front top view showing various parts of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device
Control Panel of
The control panel of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device is described below.
is shown below.
eStainTM Device
When upper status light is on, which indicates staining mode, the Digital
eStainTM Device
Display shows running time; otherwise when both upper and lower status lights
are on, which indicates numbering mode, the Digital Display shows how many
times of electric staining the eStainTM Graphite Electrode has been used for.
The Reset button is used to clear parameters.
Control Panel
The Time button is used to set running time and toggle between staining mode
and numbering mode.
The Start/Stop button is used to activate/stop the staining program.
Handle Bar
Rear View of
eStain
TM
Device
The rear view showing various parts of the eStainTM Protein Staining Device
is shown below.
Power Switch
Inside View of
The inside view showing various parts of the eStainTM Protein Staining
eStainTM Device
Device is shown below:
Titanium Cathode
AC Inlet
Graphite Anode
-5-
-6-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Accessory Products
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Introduction
eStainTM Protein Staining
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are available separately from GenScript. Ordering
Pads
information is provided below.
System Overview
allows you to quickly, reliably and efficiently stain proteins in various types of
Product
Quantity
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads
1 box
mini polyacrylamide gels with Coomassie blue dye reagents. It consists of the
Cat. No.
eStainTM Protein Staining Device and eStainTM Protein Staining Pads.
L02011
The proprietary electric staining technology of the eStainTM Protein Staining
(R-250, 20-pak)
eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pads
The eStainTM Protein Staining System is a unique electric staining system that
1 box
L02012
Device combined with the eStainTM Protein Staining Pads applies a high
(G-250, 20-pak)
electric force generated between graphite anode and titanium cathode to
allow for quick and directional movement of negatively charged Coomassie
blue dye reagents into the gel matrix to stain the proteins and also the quick
eStainTM Graphite
eStainTM Graphite Electrode is available separately from GenScript. Ordering
Electrode
information is provided below.
and directional movement of the free staining reagents out of the gel matrix to
destain the gel matrix within only 7 minutes or less. The eStainTM Protein
Product
Quantity
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (10mm, 1-pak)
1 unit
Cat. No.
L02013
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (11mm, 1-pak)
1 unit
L02014
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (12mm, 1-pak)
1 unit
L02015
Staining System integrates three steps of conventional Coomassie blue
staining method into a single step and greatly cuts down the time required for
protein staining analysis. The proteins stained using the eStainTM Protein
Staining System exhibit as high detection sensitivity as proteins stained using
conventional Coomassie blue staining method.
Additional Products
The precast ExpressTM PAGE Gels as well as premade buffers or buffer powders
System Components
The eStainTM Protein Staining System consists of:
are available from GenScript. For details, contact Technical Support or visit
www.genscript.com.
eStainTM Protein Staining Device
The eStainTM Protein Staining Device is a user-friendly electric staining unit
that allows for fast, convenient and efficient in-gel protein staining with
Coomassie blue dye reagents.
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads
The eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are disposable pads to perform electric
staining of proteins in gels with Coomassie blue dye. Two types of eStainTM
Protein Staining Pad, R-250 and G-250, are available separately from
GenScript and for different requirements. Each pack eStainTM Protein Staining
Pad contains an eStainTM Cathode Pad presoaked with proprietary cathode
buffer containing CBB dye R-250 or G-250, and an eStainTM Anode Pad
presoaked with proprietary anode buffer, allowing for rapid, convenient and
reliable in-gel protein staining without the need to prepare any solutions and
buffers.
-7-
-8-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Accessory Products
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Introduction
eStainTM Protein Staining
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are available separately from GenScript. Ordering
Pads
information is provided below.
System Overview
allows you to quickly, reliably and efficiently stain proteins in various types of
Product
Quantity
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads
1 box
mini polyacrylamide gels with Coomassie blue dye reagents. It consists of the
Cat. No.
eStainTM Protein Staining Device and eStainTM Protein Staining Pads.
L02011
The proprietary electric staining technology of the eStainTM Protein Staining
(R-250, 20-pak)
eStain
TM
Protein Staining Pads
The eStainTM Protein Staining System is a unique electric staining system that
1 box
L02012
Device combined with the eStainTM Protein Staining Pads applies a high
(G-250, 20-pak)
electric force generated between graphite anode and titanium cathode to
allow for quick and directional movement of negatively charged Coomassie
blue dye reagents into the gel matrix to stain the proteins and also the quick
eStainTM Graphite
eStainTM Graphite Electrode is available separately from GenScript. Ordering
Electrode
information is provided below.
and directional movement of the free staining reagents out of the gel matrix to
destain the gel matrix within only 7 minutes or less. The eStainTM Protein
Product
Quantity
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (10mm, 1-pak)
1 unit
Cat. No.
L02013
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (11mm, 1-pak)
1 unit
L02014
eStainTM Graphite Electrode (12mm, 1-pak)
1 unit
L02015
Staining System integrates three steps of conventional Coomassie blue
staining method into a single step and greatly cuts down the time required for
protein staining analysis. The proteins stained using the eStainTM Protein
Staining System exhibit as high detection sensitivity as proteins stained using
conventional Coomassie blue staining method.
Additional Products
The precast ExpressTM PAGE Gels as well as premade buffers or buffer powders
System Components
The eStainTM Protein Staining System consists of:
are available from GenScript. For details, contact Technical Support or visit
www.genscript.com.
eStainTM Protein Staining Device
The eStainTM Protein Staining Device is a user-friendly electric staining unit
that allows for fast, convenient and efficient in-gel protein staining with
Coomassie blue dye reagents.
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads
The eStainTM Protein Staining Pads are disposable pads to perform electric
staining of proteins in gels with Coomassie blue dye. Two types of eStainTM
Protein Staining Pad, R-250 and G-250, are available separately from
GenScript and for different requirements. Each pack eStainTM Protein Staining
Pad contains an eStainTM Cathode Pad presoaked with proprietary cathode
buffer containing CBB dye R-250 or G-250, and an eStainTM Anode Pad
presoaked with proprietary anode buffer, allowing for rapid, convenient and
reliable in-gel protein staining without the need to prepare any solutions and
buffers.
-7-
-8-
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Introduction, continued
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Introduction, continued
System Components,
eStainTM Graphite Electrode
continued
The eStain
TM
Graphite Electrode serves as the replaceable anode of the eStain
TM
Protein Staining Device. Three types of eStain
TM
System Mechanism,
Schematic mechanism of eStainTM Protein Staining System showing the
continued
movement of Coomassie blue dye:
Graphite Electrode with different
Titanium Cathode
2e- + 2H2O H2 + 2OH-
thickness are available to fit for the mini polyacrylamide gels within different
thickness range (see the table below). For the common use, one eStainTM
Graphite Electrode (11mm) is pre-installed inside the eStainTM Protein Staining
Device to constitute a complete electric staining unit. Other two types of eStainTM
Graphite Electrode are also available separately from GenScript upon users’
requirements. Each eStainTM Graphite Electrode is produced with special
eStainTM Cathode Pad
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
process and can be steadily used for 200 times of electric staining.
E
E
E
E
Pre-run gel
Product
Gel type
eStainTM Graphite
1.5mm<gel thickness
Cat. No.
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
L02013
eStainTM Anode Pad
Electrode (10mm)
eStainTM Graphite
0.75mm<gel thickness≤1.5mm
L02014
gel thickness≤0.75mm
L02015
Electrode (11mm)
eStainTM Graphite
Electrode (12mm)
System Mechanism
Graphite Anode
4OH- - 4e- O2 + 2H2O
The eStainTM Protein Staining System is based on the electric staining concept
which utilizes the unique and patent-pending technology developed by GenScript.
To use the eStainTM Protein Staining System for in-gel protein staining,
assemble the eStain
TM
Features
Protein Staining Pad with your pre-run gel on the eStain
TM
Protein Staining Device. Similar to semi-dry blotting, the eStainTM Cathode Pad
and eStainTM Anode Pad act as ion reservoirs that contain the appropriate anode
and cathode buffers incorporated into the gel matrix. Simultaneously the eStainTM
Cathode Pad presoaked with proprietary cathode buffer containing CBB dye
R-250 or G250, also supplies negatively charged staining reagents. The high
electric force generated between graphite anode and titanium cathode allows
for rapid and directional movement of negatively charged Coomassie blue dye
reagents into the gel matrix to stain the proteins and also the homogenous
Important features of the eStainTM Protein Staining System are listed below:
· Unique electric staining technology created for fast, reliable and efficient
protein gel staining in 7 minutes or less.
· User-friendly electric staining unit allowing for easy and convenient
procedure.
· Consumable staining pads offering convenience without the need for
additional solutions and buffers.
· High staining efficiency as conventional Coomassie blue staining method.
· Compatible for use with various types of mini polyacrylamide gels.
movement of the free staining reagents out of the gel matrix to destain the gel
matrix within only 7 minutes or less. Therefore the eStainTM Protein Staining
System provides fast, convenient and reliable in-gel protein staining without the
need to prepare any solutions and buffers.
-9-
- 10 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Introduction, continued
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Introduction, continued
System Components,
eStainTM Graphite Electrode
continued
The eStain
TM
Graphite Electrode serves as the replaceable anode of the eStain
TM
Protein Staining Device. Three types of eStain
TM
System Mechanism,
Schematic mechanism of eStainTM Protein Staining System showing the
continued
movement of Coomassie blue dye:
Graphite Electrode with different
Titanium Cathode
2e- + 2H2O H2 + 2OH-
thickness are available to fit for the mini polyacrylamide gels within different
thickness range (see the table below). For the common use, one eStainTM
Graphite Electrode (11mm) is pre-installed inside the eStainTM Protein Staining
Device to constitute a complete electric staining unit. Other two types of eStainTM
Graphite Electrode are also available separately from GenScript upon users’
requirements. Each eStainTM Graphite Electrode is produced with special
eStainTM Cathode Pad
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
process and can be steadily used for 200 times of electric staining.
E
E
E
E
Pre-run gel
Product
Gel type
eStainTM Graphite
1.5mm<gel thickness
Cat. No.
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
CBB
dye
L02013
eStainTM Anode Pad
Electrode (10mm)
eStainTM Graphite
0.75mm<gel thickness≤1.5mm
L02014
gel thickness≤0.75mm
L02015
Electrode (11mm)
eStainTM Graphite
Electrode (12mm)
System Mechanism
Graphite Anode
4OH- - 4e- O2 + 2H2O
The eStainTM Protein Staining System is based on the electric staining concept
which utilizes the unique and patent-pending technology developed by GenScript.
To use the eStainTM Protein Staining System for in-gel protein staining,
assemble the eStain
TM
Features
Protein Staining Pad with your pre-run gel on the eStain
TM
Protein Staining Device. Similar to semi-dry blotting, the eStainTM Cathode Pad
and eStainTM Anode Pad act as ion reservoirs that contain the appropriate anode
and cathode buffers incorporated into the gel matrix. Simultaneously the eStainTM
Cathode Pad presoaked with proprietary cathode buffer containing CBB dye
R-250 or G250, also supplies negatively charged staining reagents. The high
electric force generated between graphite anode and titanium cathode allows
for rapid and directional movement of negatively charged Coomassie blue dye
reagents into the gel matrix to stain the proteins and also the homogenous
Important features of the eStainTM Protein Staining System are listed below:
· Unique electric staining technology created for fast, reliable and efficient
protein gel staining in 7 minutes or less.
· User-friendly electric staining unit allowing for easy and convenient
procedure.
· Consumable staining pads offering convenience without the need for
additional solutions and buffers.
· High staining efficiency as conventional Coomassie blue staining method.
· Compatible for use with various types of mini polyacrylamide gels.
movement of the free staining reagents out of the gel matrix to destain the gel
matrix within only 7 minutes or less. Therefore the eStainTM Protein Staining
System provides fast, convenient and reliable in-gel protein staining without the
need to prepare any solutions and buffers.
-9-
- 10 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Quick Reference Guide
www.genscript.com
Protocols
A quick reference guide for operating the eStainTM Protein Staining Device
Introduction
eStainTM Protein Staining System
Recommendations
is provided below.
To obtain the best results follow these recommendations:
· Wear gloves at all times during the entire staining procedures to prevent
contamination of pads and gels.
Mode
Action
Sound
Light
eStainTM plugged in
Connect eStainTM
–
Steady upper
Default
light
running
Device to an electrical
outlet and power
Display
· Avoid using expired eStainTM Protein Staining Pads. Always use the pads
before the specified expiration date printed on the package.
· Always keep the Ice Pack supplied with eStainTM Device stored at -20℃ or
time (000)
below to facilitate cooling electrodes procedure.
switch is on
eStain
TM
device and
staining pad assembled
Place staining pads
–
on the device and close
Steady upper
Default
light
running
lid
Time selection
Press Time button to
time (000)
–
select desired running
Steady upper
light
time
Run
Press Start/Stop
Automatic
time
defined
–
button
End of run
Running
flashing upper
light
Continuous beeping
Steady upper
for 2 minutes
light
Count down
time
Default running
time (000)
Installing the
eStainTM Device
1. Check the Power Cord supplied with the unit to ensure that the cord is
compatible with the local socket format.
2. Place the eStainTM Protein Staining Device on a level laboratory bench.
Keep the area around the device clear to ensure proper ventilation of the
unit.
3. For your safety: Position the device properly such that the power switch
and the AC inlet located on the rear of the unit are easily accessible.
4. Ensure the AC power switch is in the Off position.
5. Attach the power cord to the AC inlet and then to the electrical outlet.
Checking using
Press and hold Time
frequency
button for 2 seconds
–
Steady upper
Staining times
and lower light
the graphite
of graphite anode
Replacement of worn
Switch off the device
graphite anode
and replace the worn
–
–
Use only properly grounded AC outlets and power cords.
6. When the electrophoresis of your samples is almost complete, press the
anode has
power switch (located on the rear of the device) to turn ON the eStainTM
been used for
Protein Staining Device. The upper status light is on indicating you are
–
using staining mode. Digital Display shows the default parameters (000).
graphite anode with a
new one
You are ready to use the eStainTM Protein Staining Device for staining
applications.
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eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Quick Reference Guide
www.genscript.com
Protocols
A quick reference guide for operating the eStainTM Protein Staining Device
Introduction
eStainTM Protein Staining System
Recommendations
is provided below.
To obtain the best results follow these recommendations:
· Wear gloves at all times during the entire staining procedures to prevent
contamination of pads and gels.
Mode
Action
Sound
Light
eStainTM plugged in
Connect eStainTM
–
Steady upper
Default
light
running
Device to an electrical
outlet and power
Display
· Avoid using expired eStainTM Protein Staining Pads. Always use the pads
before the specified expiration date printed on the package.
· Always keep the Ice Pack supplied with eStainTM Device stored at -20℃ or
time (000)
below to facilitate cooling electrodes procedure.
switch is on
eStain
TM
device and
staining pad assembled
Place staining pads
–
on the device and close
Steady upper
Default
light
running
lid
Time selection
Press Time button to
time (000)
–
select desired running
Steady upper
light
time
Run
Press Start/Stop
Automatic
time
defined
–
button
End of run
Running
flashing upper
light
Continuous beeping
Steady upper
for 2 minutes
light
Count down
time
Default running
time (000)
Installing the
eStainTM Device
1. Check the Power Cord supplied with the unit to ensure that the cord is
compatible with the local socket format.
2. Place the eStainTM Protein Staining Device on a level laboratory bench.
Keep the area around the device clear to ensure proper ventilation of the
unit.
3. For your safety: Position the device properly such that the power switch
and the AC inlet located on the rear of the unit are easily accessible.
4. Ensure the AC power switch is in the Off position.
5. Attach the power cord to the AC inlet and then to the electrical outlet.
Checking using
Press and hold Time
frequency
button for 2 seconds
–
Steady upper
Staining times
and lower light
the graphite
of graphite anode
Replacement of worn
Switch off the device
graphite anode
and replace the worn
–
–
Use only properly grounded AC outlets and power cords.
6. When the electrophoresis of your samples is almost complete, press the
anode has
power switch (located on the rear of the device) to turn ON the eStainTM
been used for
Protein Staining Device. The upper status light is on indicating you are
–
using staining mode. Digital Display shows the default parameters (000).
graphite anode with a
new one
You are ready to use the eStainTM Protein Staining Device for staining
applications.
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- 12 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Assembling Staining
Stack with eStainTM
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
1. Lift up the handle bar to vertical position, then push it forward to open the
TM
lid of eStain
Device.
Pads and Pre-run Gel
Assembling Staining
Stack with eStainTM
Pads and Pre-run Gel,
continued
3. Tear the sealing of the 1 x eStainTM Anode Pad package. Remove the
eStainTM Anode Pad from the package and place it on the anode plate of
the eStainTM Protein Staining Device.
4. Carefully remove the pre-run gel containing your protein samples from the
gel cassette and rinse the gel with 50 to 100 ml distilled water for about 1
minute.
5. Place the gel on the eStainTM Anode Pad. Gently remove air bubbles
between gel and anode pad using the small shovel supplied with the
device.
2. Remove one package labeled as eStainTM Protein Staining Pad from the
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads box and tear the laminated sealing of the
package. Remove the two small packages respectively labeled as 1 x
eStainTM Cathode Pad R-250 (or G-250), and 1 x eStainTM Anode Pad.
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eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Assembling Staining
Stack with eStainTM
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
1. Lift up the handle bar to vertical position, then push it forward to open the
TM
lid of eStain
Device.
Pads and Pre-run Gel
Assembling Staining
Stack with eStainTM
Pads and Pre-run Gel,
continued
3. Tear the sealing of the 1 x eStainTM Anode Pad package. Remove the
eStainTM Anode Pad from the package and place it on the anode plate of
the eStainTM Protein Staining Device.
4. Carefully remove the pre-run gel containing your protein samples from the
gel cassette and rinse the gel with 50 to 100 ml distilled water for about 1
minute.
5. Place the gel on the eStainTM Anode Pad. Gently remove air bubbles
between gel and anode pad using the small shovel supplied with the
device.
2. Remove one package labeled as eStainTM Protein Staining Pad from the
eStainTM Protein Staining Pads box and tear the laminated sealing of the
package. Remove the two small packages respectively labeled as 1 x
eStainTM Cathode Pad R-250 (or G-250), and 1 x eStainTM Anode Pad.
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eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Assembling Staining
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
6. Select appropriate Gel Window according to actual size of the gel (see the
Stack with eStainTM Pads
table below). Place Gel Window on the gel. Ensure that the Gel Window fully
and Pre-run Gel,
cover the margin of the anode pad.
continued
Pre-run gel
Gel Window
Gel with size 66 x 56mm to 80 x 60 mm
Gel Windows 76 x 64mm
Gel with size <66 x 56 mm
Gel Windows 66 x 56mm
Performing electric
After assembling the staining stack, perform electric staining as described
staining
below.
1. Press the Time button and set 7 minutes to stain your pre-run gel. If an
undesired running time is set by mistake, press Reset button to clear the
wrong running time and press again the Time button to choose 7 minutes.
Note: During electric staining process, the graphite electrode may be heated to 60-70℃.
Note: Gel Window is used as the spacer between anode pad and cathode pad to prevent
For continuous use and best results, it is necessary to cool down both graphite
short circuit. The edges of the pre-run gel may also be covered by Gel Window and
anode and titanium cathode to room temperature before the next run.
will probably be stained to deep blue after running an electric staining program.
(see next page for cooling procedures)
2. Press the Start/Stop button to activate the electric staining program. The
7. Tear the sealing of the 1 x eStainTM Cathode Pad package. Remove the
eStainTM Cathode Pad from the package and place it on the gel.
running time begins to count down and upper status light keeps flashing
during the whole staining program.
8. Pull back the handle bar to close the lid of eStainTM Device while keeping
the bar vertical to the lid, and then return the bar to horizontal position.
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eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Assembling Staining
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
6. Select appropriate Gel Window according to actual size of the gel (see the
Stack with eStainTM Pads
table below). Place Gel Window on the gel. Ensure that the Gel Window fully
and Pre-run Gel,
cover the margin of the anode pad.
continued
Pre-run gel
Gel Window
Gel with size 66 x 56mm to 80 x 60 mm
Gel Windows 76 x 64mm
Gel with size <66 x 56 mm
Gel Windows 66 x 56mm
Performing electric
After assembling the staining stack, perform electric staining as described
staining
below.
1. Press the Time button and set 7 minutes to stain your pre-run gel. If an
undesired running time is set by mistake, press Reset button to clear the
wrong running time and press again the Time button to choose 7 minutes.
Note: During electric staining process, the graphite electrode may be heated to 60-70℃.
Note: Gel Window is used as the spacer between anode pad and cathode pad to prevent
For continuous use and best results, it is necessary to cool down both graphite
short circuit. The edges of the pre-run gel may also be covered by Gel Window and
anode and titanium cathode to room temperature before the next run.
will probably be stained to deep blue after running an electric staining program.
(see next page for cooling procedures)
2. Press the Start/Stop button to activate the electric staining program. The
7. Tear the sealing of the 1 x eStainTM Cathode Pad package. Remove the
eStainTM Cathode Pad from the package and place it on the gel.
running time begins to count down and upper status light keeps flashing
during the whole staining program.
8. Pull back the handle bar to close the lid of eStainTM Device while keeping
the bar vertical to the lid, and then return the bar to horizontal position.
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- 16 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Performing electric
staining, continued
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
3. At the end of the staining, current automatically shuts off and the eStainTM
Protein Staining Device signals the end of staining with repeated beeping
Replacing the eStainTM
During electric staining process, the eStainTM Graphite Electrode will absorb ions
Graphite Electrode
from anode pad and as well as lose carbon composition, thereby changing the
sounds. Upper status light stops flashing and the Digital Display shows
characteristics of the Graphite Electrode and composition of the anode buffer.
text (000).
For the best staining results, after having been used for 200 times of electric
4. Press any button on the control panel to stop the beeping.
staining, the worn Graphite Electrode should be replaced by a new one.
5. Proceed to disassemble the stack and clean the device.
1. If the eStainTM Protein Staining Device works at staining mode, press and
Disassembling and
To obtain good staining results, disassemble the staining stack right away after
cleaning the
ending the staining procedure.
eStainTM Device
1. Open the lid of eStainTM Protein Staining Device.
hold Time button for 2 seconds to toggle to numbering mode. If the Digital
Display shows “200” or a number greater than 200, perform the replacing
protocol as describe below.
2. Carefully separate the stained gel from the staining stack and proceed to be
photographed.
3. Discard the used eStainTM Protein Staining Pad.
Note: Do not re-use the eStainTM Protein Staining Pad after staining. Discard after each
use.
4. Clean the titanium cathode plate, graphite anode plate and its surrounding
area with a dry cloth or paper towel.
Cooling Graphite
For continuous use and best results, it is necessary to cool down both graphite
Anode and Titanium
anode and titanium cathode to room temperature before the next run. Place the
Cathode
pre-frozen ice pack on the graphite anode, close the lid gently to let the titanium
cathode also touches the ice pack. Do not force to close the lid otherwise the ice
2. Switched Off the eStainTM Protein Staining Device and then open the lid of
the device.
pack will damage the device.
3. Use small shovel to pry out the worn Graphite Electrode along the gap at
either side of the anode tank.
At this point, the eStainTM Protein Staining Device is ready for another run. If
you are not using the device, turn Off the power switch located on the back of
the device.
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- 18 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Performing electric
staining, continued
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
3. At the end of the staining, current automatically shuts off and the eStainTM
Protein Staining Device signals the end of staining with repeated beeping
Replacing the eStainTM
During electric staining process, the eStainTM Graphite Electrode will absorb ions
Graphite Electrode
from anode pad and as well as lose carbon composition, thereby changing the
sounds. Upper status light stops flashing and the Digital Display shows
characteristics of the Graphite Electrode and composition of the anode buffer.
text (000).
For the best staining results, after having been used for 200 times of electric
4. Press any button on the control panel to stop the beeping.
staining, the worn Graphite Electrode should be replaced by a new one.
5. Proceed to disassemble the stack and clean the device.
1. If the eStainTM Protein Staining Device works at staining mode, press and
Disassembling and
To obtain good staining results, disassemble the staining stack right away after
cleaning the
ending the staining procedure.
eStainTM Device
1. Open the lid of eStainTM Protein Staining Device.
hold Time button for 2 seconds to toggle to numbering mode. If the Digital
Display shows “200” or a number greater than 200, perform the replacing
protocol as describe below.
2. Carefully separate the stained gel from the staining stack and proceed to be
photographed.
3. Discard the used eStainTM Protein Staining Pad.
Note: Do not re-use the eStainTM Protein Staining Pad after staining. Discard after each
use.
4. Clean the titanium cathode plate, graphite anode plate and its surrounding
area with a dry cloth or paper towel.
Cooling Graphite
For continuous use and best results, it is necessary to cool down both graphite
Anode and Titanium
anode and titanium cathode to room temperature before the next run. Place the
Cathode
pre-frozen ice pack on the graphite anode, close the lid gently to let the titanium
cathode also touches the ice pack. Do not force to close the lid otherwise the ice
2. Switched Off the eStainTM Protein Staining Device and then open the lid of
the device.
pack will damage the device.
3. Use small shovel to pry out the worn Graphite Electrode along the gap at
either side of the anode tank.
At this point, the eStainTM Protein Staining Device is ready for another run. If
you are not using the device, turn Off the power switch located on the back of
the device.
- 17 -
- 18 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Replacing the eStainTM
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
4. Tear the sealing of a new eStainTM Graphite Electrode package and take the
Replacing the eStainTM
Graphite Electrode,
new Graphite Electrode out of the package. Place the new Graphite Electrode
Graphite Electrode,
continued
into the anode tank and close the lid of the device.
continued
6. Press Reset button to zero the staining times.
After successfully installing Graphite Electrode into the eStainTM Device, you
are ready to use the eStainTM Device for staining applications again.
Note: For the best results, after using Graphite Electrode per 40 times of electric
staining, you may also need to perform a washing step by soaking the Graphite
Electrode in distilled water for half an hour and then drying it with a dry cloth or
paper towel.
5. Switch On the eStainTM Device. Press and hold Time button for 2 seconds
to toggle to numbering mode.
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- 20 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
Replacing the eStainTM
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Protocols, continued
4. Tear the sealing of a new eStainTM Graphite Electrode package and take the
Replacing the eStainTM
Graphite Electrode,
new Graphite Electrode out of the package. Place the new Graphite Electrode
Graphite Electrode,
continued
into the anode tank and close the lid of the device.
continued
6. Press Reset button to zero the staining times.
After successfully installing Graphite Electrode into the eStainTM Device, you
are ready to use the eStainTM Device for staining applications again.
Note: For the best results, after using Graphite Electrode per 40 times of electric
staining, you may also need to perform a washing step by soaking the Graphite
Electrode in distilled water for half an hour and then drying it with a dry cloth or
paper towel.
5. Switch On the eStainTM Device. Press and hold Time button for 2 seconds
to toggle to numbering mode.
- 19 -
- 20 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Troubleshooting
Introduction
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Examples of Results
Review the information below to troubleshoot your experiments using the eStainTM
Tris-Glycine gel
Samples were separated on a 12% Tris-Glycine gel and stained using eStainTM
Protein Staining Device and eStainTM Protein Staining Pad.
results
Protein Staining System (R-250).
Problem
Cause
Solution
Lane 1
500ng rabbit IgG
The upper status light doesn’t
Incomplete electric circuit due
Ensure the staining stack is
Lane 2
10μl E.coli lysate
flash during electric staining
to improper assembly of the
assembled correctly: use the
Lane 3
200ng reduced BSA
Lane 4
125ng reduced BSA
Lane 5
50ng reduced BSA
Lane 6
15ng reduced BSA
Lane 7
10μl New England Biolabs®
process
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
eStainTM Anode Pad first
staining pads.
followed by the gel, Gel
Window and eStainTM Cathode
Pad.
The upper and lower status
Excessive current is flowing
Check the staining stack and
lights flash simultaneously
through the Device.
ensure Gel Window covered
The stained gel has very tinged
or nearly invisible protein bands
with high blue background.
1. The staining time is not
long enough.
2. Cooling the electrodes
for too long a time.
3. The graphite electrode has
been used for 200 times or
1. The staining time is too long
or nearly invisible protein bands
2. The electrodes have not
with clear background.
(Cat. No. P7703S)
Lane 8
Range Protein Standard
(Cat. No. MM0900)
eStainTM Cathode Pad again
and perform electric
staining for 2 more minutes.
2. Follow the instruction to
perform cooling procedure.
Bis-Tris gel
Samples of 5μl New England Biolabs® Protein Ladder (P7703S) in each lane
results
were separated on a 4-20% Bis-Tris gel and stained using eStainTM Protein
Staining System (R-250).
1. Re-assemble the staining
stack using a new set of
been cooled or the cooling time
eStainTM Protein Staining
is not long enough
Pad and then perform
another 7-min electric
staining.
2. Follow the instruction to
perform cooling procedure.
The stained gel has hazy blue
spots.
1. The gel has not been destained
1. Cover Gel Window and the
eStainTM Cathode Pad again
sufficiently.
2. Cooling the electrodes for too
and perform electric
staining for 1 more minute.
long a time
3. Air bubbles present in staining
stack interfering gel staining.
2. Follow the instruction to
perform cooling procedure.
3. Be sure to remove all air
bubbles present in the
staining stack by using the
small shovel supplied with
eStainTM Device
- 21 -
10μl GenScript Smart Middle
1. Cover Gel Window and the
electrode using a new one.
The stained gel has very tinged
Protein Ladder
correctly on the gel.
3. Replace the worn graphite
above.
8
- 22 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Technical Support
Web Resources
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Warranty
Visit the GenScript Web site at www.genscript.com for:
eStainTM Protein Staining
GenScript warrants that eStainTM Protein Staining Device will be free from
1. Technical resources, including manuals, vector maps and sequences,
Device
defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from date of
application notes, MSDSs, FAQs, formulations, citations, handbooks, etc.
purchase. If any defects occur in the product during this warranty period,
2. Complete technical support contact information
GenScript will, at its option, repair, replace, or refund the purchase price of
3. Access to the GenScript Online Catalog
this product at no charge to you. The following defects, however, are
4. Additional product information and special offers
specifically excluded:
1. Defects caused by improper operation.
Contact Us
For more information or technical assistance, call, write, fax, or email.
2. Repair or modification done by anyone other than GenScript or an
authorized agent.
GenScript USA Inc.
120 Centennial Ave.
3. Use of fittings or other spare parts supplied by anyone other than
GenScript.
Piscataway, NJ 08854
4. Damage caused by accident or misuse.
Tel: 732-885-9188, 732-885-9688
5. Damage caused by disaster.
Fax: 732-210-0262, 732-885-5878
6. Corrosion due to use of improper solvent or sample.
Email: estain@genscript.com
For any inquiry or request for repair service, contact GenScript after
confirming the model and serial number of your instrument. For your
protection, items being returned must be insured against possible damage or
loss. This warranty shall be limited to the replacement of defective products.
It is expressly agreed that this warranty will be in lieu of all warranties of
fitness and in lieu of the warranty of merchantability.
- 23 -
- 24 -
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Technical Support
Web Resources
eStainTM Protein Staining System
www.genscript.com
Warranty
Visit the GenScript Web site at www.genscript.com for:
eStainTM Protein Staining
GenScript warrants that eStainTM Protein Staining Device will be free from
1. Technical resources, including manuals, vector maps and sequences,
Device
defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from date of
application notes, MSDSs, FAQs, formulations, citations, handbooks, etc.
purchase. If any defects occur in the product during this warranty period,
2. Complete technical support contact information
GenScript will, at its option, repair, replace, or refund the purchase price of
3. Access to the GenScript Online Catalog
this product at no charge to you. The following defects, however, are
4. Additional product information and special offers
specifically excluded:
1. Defects caused by improper operation.
Contact Us
For more information or technical assistance, call, write, fax, or email.
2. Repair or modification done by anyone other than GenScript or an
authorized agent.
GenScript USA Inc.
120 Centennial Ave.
3. Use of fittings or other spare parts supplied by anyone other than
GenScript.
Piscataway, NJ 08854
4. Damage caused by accident or misuse.
Tel: 732-885-9188, 732-885-9688
5. Damage caused by disaster.
Fax: 732-210-0262, 732-885-5878
6. Corrosion due to use of improper solvent or sample.
Email: estain@genscript.com
For any inquiry or request for repair service, contact GenScript after
confirming the model and serial number of your instrument. For your
protection, items being returned must be insured against possible damage or
loss. This warranty shall be limited to the replacement of defective products.
It is expressly agreed that this warranty will be in lieu of all warranties of
fitness and in lieu of the warranty of merchantability.
- 23 -
- 24 -
The Biology CRO
Protein Staining System
For electric staining of proteins in mini polyacrylamide gels
Version 1.0
April 3, 2010
GenScript USA Inc.
120 Centennial Ave.
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Tel: 732-885-9188, 732-885-9688
Fax: 732-210-0262, 732-885-5878
Email: estain@genscript.com
User Manual
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