Method and apparatus for tracking objects and people

USOO8742929B2
(12) United States Patent
(10) Patent No.:
Sawyer
(54)
US 8,742,929 B2
(45) Date of Patent:
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRACKING
(56)
*Jun. 3, 2014
References Cited
OBJECTS AND PEOPLE
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
(75)
Inventor:
Frederick Sawyer, Alexandr1a, VA (US)
(73) Assignee: Automated Tracking Solutions, LLC,
Cherry Hill, NJ (US)
(*)
Notice:
Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
U-S-C- 1540’) by 0 days-
4,075,632 A
2/1978 Baldwin et al‘
4’424’579 A
1/1984 _R0esner
(Con?rmed)
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
EP
EP
This patent is subject to a terminal disclaimer.
(21)
Appl' NO': 13/453,517
(22) Filed:
8/2001
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
90/011,940
(connnued)
Feb. 14, 2013
Primary Examiner * Van T. Trieu
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * Blank Rome LLP
Related US. Application Data
(63)
12/1990
(Continued)
Prior Publication Data
US 2013/0038452 A1
1126399 A2
Of?ce Action mailed Feb. 9, 2012 in reexamination application No.
Apr. 23, 2012
(65)
0402129 A2
Continuation of application No. 12/901,889, ?led on
(57)
00911: 2010: nOW_Pat_- NO- 8379:0695 WhiCh is a
An object locating, identifying, tracking, and surveillance
ABSTRACT
commuanon Of apphcanon NO~ 12/418>231> _?led_ on
system, denoted the Assets Locating, Tracking, and Surveil
A1393, 2009: HOW Pap NO- 1834:766: Wthh 15 a
lance System (ALTSS), is provided for managing physical
commuanon Of apphcanon NO~ 11/185>854> meg on
Ju1~ 21> 2005; HOW Pat- NO: 75551989: Wthh 15 a
commuanon'ln'pan Of apphcanon No- 10/458,690,
objects and evidence in environments such as police depart
ments, laW o?ices, and the Courts. ALTSS employs radio
frequency identi?cation (RFID) technology, computer pro
?led on Jun- 11, 2003, HOW Pat N0~ 6,933,849
gramming and database applications, networking technolo
(60) Provisional applicationNo. 60/394,263, ?led on Jul. 9,
2002
g1e5’_and hardware e1emems~ ALTSS may locate a_nd “90k
physlcal eV1dence, merchand1se, 1nformatlon carr1ers 11ke
?les, folders or individual pieces of paper, and people, under
certain conditions, in near-real time. It may be con?gured as
(51)
Int CL
(52)
us CL
Internet. ALTSS may employ exemplary components such as
USPC ................................... .. 340/5724 340/5721
RFID transponders, scanners, Strategically located antennas
G083 13/14
(58)
(200601)
Field of Classi?cation Search
part of a local area network, a Wide area network, or the
’
USPC ............. .. 340/5391 539.11 539.13 539.21
340/539.23, 568.1, 568.2, 572.1, 572.4,
340/5727, 8.1, 10.1, 10.4, 10.42, 5.8;
702/150, 153; 705/22, 28
See application ?le for complete search history.
and computers to facilitate tracking of objects and people as
needed Any number of use“ haVing access Pn'v?eges and
connected to the network may access ALTSS directly or
remotely via the lntemet to locate and track evidence or
objects.
15 Claims, 18 Drawing Sheets
US 8,742,929 B2
Page 2
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103
TO
NETWORK
T0
NETWORK
FIG. 4
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 4 0f 18
US 8,742,929 B2
Open scanner ?
communications
sessions
Y
504
Loop 1: L00p untit
scanners are shut
down
506
Yes
S urveillance
scanner?
N°
Y as
soa
Entrance/Exit
scanner?
512
Yes
Ceilin look
°Wn
89came' ,
Determine number
of operational
No
antennas on
scanner x
‘
514
Cycle through //
antennas and note
transponders
found
515
V
Report
found
transpomters
by scanner x
FIG.5
W
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
US 8,742,929 B2
Sheet 5 0f 18
610
Loop 2: Loop and
obtain each
transponder ID
found by each
antenna
620
Place each result
in butter
630
Move result into
temporary
database table
640
V
End Loop 2 when
all detected
transponders have
been recorded
650
End report of
transponders
round [or scanner
x
660
Go to next scanner,
note tlmsr position
and start Loop 1
until all scanners
have reported
670
I
Populate table wlth
evldence IDs and
transponder IDs
from prior complete
cycle of scanners
FIG. 6
680
JV
Compare number of
transponders in new
temporary table with
number from old table
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 6 0f 18
US 8,742,929 B2
710
5 number in old table >
number in new table?
No
Yes
720
v
V
/V
Star! Loop 3
(<9
{7
730
Select one
transponder ID
from 02d table and
compare with each
W
of new table
750
740
Determine if
evidence is
l m
(———No
s 9'3:
outside of system
man
Yes
v
Update
*—-————-——-—--—--—-)
760
?
appropriate
location tables
770
\
?/
Set flags in
appropriate table
l
Enter comments in
appropriate logs
FIG. 7
790
‘ Repeal Loop 3 as F+®
required
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 7 0f 18
US 8,742,929 B2
810
Is number in o\d table =
number In new table?
No
Yes
Y
820
M
Begin Loop 4
l
830
Select one
transponder ID
from old table and
compare with each
in new table
880
Exception report;
make entry in logs &—--N0
ls \here a
match?
Yes
v
Updaie
appropriate
850
W
location tables
860
870
Set ?ags in
appropriate table
,‘ Enter comments in
appropriate logs
890
K Repeat Loop 4 as
required
FIG. 8
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 8 0f 18
930
910
Enter comments in /l/
lse ls number in 0!
logs and generate (-—-—No
table < number in new
report
table?
Yes
94
t
US 8,742,929 B2
M0
Y
T0 Loop 1
j!)
Begin Loop 5
Select one
M
transponder ID
from new table
and compare with
each of old tabla
998
W
960
Determine validity
of new
transponder ID
Is there a
4—— No
match?
970
Yes
Y
t
992
Update
,
appropriate
location tabtes
Repeat Loop 5 as
required
980
\r 4/
994
Set?agsin
3
c1 artem
r0 r'ate table
6
pp Pl
1'3
W W
database table
est)
Enter comments in
appropriate tags
T_____
FIG. 9
To Loop 1
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 9 0f 18
US 8,742,929 B2
1012
Establish a for ?/
ls number in old table >
number In new table?
loop (Loop 3) with
counter based on
the old table of
No
transponder IDs
vL
1014
YES
Select one old
transponder ID
and use second
loop to compare
with each new ID
1016
Check ?ags
'(—-N°"——
Does the old lD
match a new 10?
1094
108!)
1050
Yes
1018
Y
Update location In /1/
Does my__llag
generate report
database based
= 0?
on antenna
sensing the
transponder ID
WW
V
Yis
is
Set ?ags
1060
1020
\
update “can”
enlries In database
Check and set
appropriate ?ags
for entry in
/V
database table
1092
1070
V
Update location
entries In tables
and logs
/I/
/V
\
Make “"‘mms ‘"
“’95
1030
//
Entercomments in
tables and logs
1095
\
FIG. 10
Repeat Loop 3
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
US 8,742,929 B2
Sheet100f18
1110
surveillance reader
reporting?
Yes
1120
s iransponder
x found?
Yes
1130
ls special
transponder y
found?
No
1140
Is special
Sound aiarms;
make entries to
transponder w
(—Yes
iogs
found?
1170
+
n/
Update location in
database and
comments to logs
as required
1160
1180
Set scanner
antennas for next
T
Reium to Loop 1
cycie
FIG. 11
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
US 8,742,929 B2
Sheet 11 0f 18
1204
Door antenna ?nds
transponder(s) in
?eld of view
Place transponder
iDs In special table
L._____i
as done in main
loop
1 206
Begin Loop F-1
1232
1203
Ctear speclal table
1210
//
1234
Return to Loop 1
1212
Loop and com pare
Select transponder
ID from special
transponder [D
table
with iDs of users
selected
having access
1222
1214
Loop and compare
selected lransponrlerv
it) with tag iDs of
evidence
1226
Sound alarms
(——No
1224
match?
Yes
Y
1216
Check ?ag to
is there a
match?
Yes
Y
Check flags to
determine if
Is there a
determine if
entering or exiting
1218
1228
Set ?ags in table
for detected user
iD based on
entering or exiting;
change flags as
W/
sensing antenna
required
1230
Assoclate users
and evidence In
table and place
comments in logs
FIG. 12
1220
Repeat Loop F-1
as required
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
US 8,742,929 B2
Sheet 12 0f 18
1392
6)
Ceiling antenna
?nds
1304
‘_______4
transponderls) in
Place transponder
?eid of view
IDs in special table
L____
as done in main
loop
1306
Begin Loop 6-1
1340
Ciear special table
FYes
1
1342
1310
Loop and compare W
Select transponder
10 from special
Return to Loop 1
selected
transponder iD
table
with 105 of users
having access
1312
1 322
Loop and compare
selected transponde
I (—No
10 with tag IDs or
evidence
1326
Sound alarms
+____No
1 324
is there a
match?
Yes
1314
Set user lpcation
is there a
malcb'?
in table based on
sensing antenna
Yes
J
1 32 °
1315
Check and set
Set ?ags in table
?ags in table for
detected evidence
for detected user
1330
/1/
Link user and
evidence
FIG. 13
1318
Piece comments
in iogs concerning
evidence or user
1320
Repeat Loop G-1
as required
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 13 of 18
US 8,742,929 B2
Oracle Forms Runtime
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1413
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Press F9 for List of Values
W :51
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Folder Name
Date of Last Action
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1420 Placing folder in system will return Drawer ld, Cabinet Id, and Cabinet Location
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Container Location
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k1422
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1418
Cabinet Location
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1426)
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L
[meow on
If
IILlstofValuesII
1400/
FIG. 14
l
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 14 0f 18
US 8,742,929 B2
[ Oracle Forms Runtime
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l
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wmoom
- Case Details
J
Case ld‘
Folder ld ‘
Firsl Name
M?LaSl Nan a Dillinger
Alias Carl Hellman
Currant Offense Narcotics Trafficking
Rap Sheet Car Theft, 1923‘, Armed Robbery, 1924; Murder of Police Of?cer, 1930;
Jail Escape; Narcotics Traf?cking
[Enlarciuerylamoueryj?q Save | Exil [Clear ]
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if
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1500
FIG. 15
ii
US. Patent
I
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 15 0f 18
Oracle Forms Runtime
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
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US 8,742,929 B2
||
FIG. 16
US. Patent
Jun. 3, 2014
Sheet 16 0f 18
US 8,742,929 B2
Start
‘
1702
Enable
M
procedure for
1704
W
surveillance
Obie“
Set ?ags In
?l
r) database
object for
1708
Have obiacls under
No)
surveillance been
movad?
Yes
1710
Generate alen
message.
identifying object
and survelllance
location
1712
\V
Place entries ln
system logs and
starl llmer for each
object processed
1714
Time Delay
1718
Number of
messages <= 2?
1716
Response from
alert message?
Yes
i
Cease alert
messages on
object
FIG. 17
1 720
?
Time Delay
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