UP Series
Pure Sine Wave Inverter & Charger
User Manual
Models: UP12/1000PCUL, *UP12/1500PCUL,
UP12/2000PCUL, UP12/3000PCUL
(*UP12/1500PCUL is not UL Listed)
202 North West Street
Coudersport, PA 16915
Phone: 610 317-8513
Fax: 610 317-8514
E-Mail: info@upinverters.com
Web: www.upinverters.com
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Description
Page #
Important Safety Information ………………………….
3
1.1
General Safety Precautions ……………………………...
3
1.2
Precautions When Working with Batteries ……………..
3
Introduction ………………………………………………
4
2.1
General Information ……………………………………….
4
2.2
Application …………………………………………………
4
2.3
Mechanical Drawing ………………………………………
5
2.4
Features ……………………………………………………
6
Electrical Performance …………………………………
6
Section #
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
3.1
Invert ………………………………………………………
6
3.2
AC Charger ……………………………………………….
6-9
3.3
AC Transfer ……………………………………………….
9
3.4
Auto Frequency Adjust …………………………………..
10
3.5
Power Saver ………………………………………………
10
3.6
Protections ………………………………………………..
11
3.7
Remote Control …………………………………………..
11-12
3.8
LED Indicator ………………………………………………
13
3.9
Audible Alarm ……………………………………………...
13
3.10
FAN Operation …………………………………………….
13-14
Section 4
Installation ………………………………………………...
14
4.1
Location …………………………………………………….
14
4.2
DC Wiring ………………………………………………….
14-15
4.3
AC Wiring ………………………………………………….
15
4.4
Grounding ………………………………………………….
15
4.5
Install Flange ………………………………………………
16
Section 5
Troubleshooting Guide …………………………………
17-19
Section 6
Limited Warranty Plan…………………………………..
19
Appendix 1
Appendix 1 ………………………………………………..
20-21
Notes
Notes ……………………………………………………….
21-24
-2-
1. Important Safety Information
WARNING! Before using the Inverter, you need to read and save the safety instructions.
1.1 General Safety Precautions
1.1.1.
Do not expose the Inverter to rain, snow, spray, bilge or dust. To reduce risk of hazard, do not cover or
obstruct the ventilation openings. Do not install the Inverter in a zero-clearance compartment. Overheating
may result. Allow at least 30CM (11.81 inches) of clearance around the inverter for air flow. Make sure that the
air can circulate freely around the unit. A minimum air flow of 145CFM is required.
1.1.2.
To avoid a risk of fire and electronic shock; make sure that existing wiring is in good electrical condition; and
that wire size is not undersized. Do not operate the Inverter with damaged or substandard wiring.
1.1.3.
This equipment contains components which can produce arcs or sparks. To prevent fire or explosion do not
install in compartments containing batteries or flammable materials or in locations which require ignition
protected equipment. This includes any space containing gasoline-powered machinery, fuel tanks, or joints,
fittings, or other connection between components of the fuel system. See Warranty for instructions on
obtaining service.
1.1.4.
Do not disassemble the Inverter/Charger. It contains no user serviceable parts. Attempting to service the
Inverter/Charger yourself may result in a risk of electrical shock or fire. Internal capacitors remain charged
after all power is disconnected.
1.1.5. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, disconnect both AC and DC power from the Inverter/Charger before
attempting any maintenance or cleaning. Turning off controls will not reduce this risk
CAUTION: Equipment damage
The output side of the inverter’s AC wiring should at no time be connected to public power or a generator. This
condition is far worse than a short circuit. If the unit survives this condition, it will shut down until corrections are made.
Installation should ensure that the inverter’s AC output is, at no time, connected to its AC input.
Warning: Limitations on Use
SPECIFICALLY, PLEASE NOTE THAT THE UP SERIES INVERTER/CHARGER SHOULD NOT BE USED IN
CONNECTION WITH LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS OR OTHER MEDICAL EQUIPMENT OR DEVICES.
1.2 Precautions When Working with Batteries
1.2.1. If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water. If acid enters eye, immediately
flood eye with running cold water for at least 20 minutes and get medical attention immediately
1.2.2. Never smoke or allow a spark or flame in vicinity of battery or engine
1.2.3. Do not drop a metal tool on the battery. The resulting spark or short-circuit on the battery of other electrical part
may cause an explosion
1.2.4. Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches when working with a lead-acid
battery. A lead-acid battery produces a short circuit current high enough to weld a ring or the like to metal
causing a severe burn
1.2.5. To reduce the risk of injury, charge only rechargeable batteries such as deep-cycle lead acid, lead antimony,
lead calcium gel cell, absorbed mat, and NiCad/NiFe or Lithium battery. Other types of batteries may burst,
causing personal injury and damage
-3-
2. Introduction
2.1 General Information
UP Series Pure Sine Wave Inverter is a combination of an inverter, battery charger and AC auto-transfer switch into
one complete system with a peak conversion efficiency of 85%.
It is packed with unique features and it is one of the most advanced inverter/chargers in the market today.
It features power factor corrected, sophisticated multi-stage charging and pure sine wave output with unprecedentedly
high surge capability to meet demanding power needs of inductive loads without endangering the equipment.
When the utility AC power cuts off or falls out of acceptable range, the transfer relay is de-energized and the load is
automatically transferred to the Inverter output.
Once the qualified AC utility is restored, the relay is energized and the
load is automatically reconnected to AC utility
The UP Series Inverter is equipped with a powerful charger of up to 130Amps (for 3KW one).
The overload capacity is 300% of continuous output for up to 20 seconds to reliably support tools and equipment longer
To get the most out of the power inverter, it must be installed, used and maintained properly. Please read the
instructions in this manual before installing and operating.
2.2 Applications (examples, not limited to list below)
Power Tools: circular saws, drills, grinders, sanders, buffers, weed/hedge trimmers and air compressors
Office Equipment: computers, printers, monitors, facsimile machines and scanners
Household Items: vacuum cleaners, fans, fluorescent and incandescent lights, shavers and sewing machines
Kitchen appliances: coffee makers, blenders, ice markers and toasters
Industrial Lamps: metal halide lamp, high pressure sodium lamp
Home Entertainment Electronics: television, VCRs, video games consoles, stereo equipment, musical
instruments and satellite TV equipment
-4-
2.3 Mechanical Drawing
Models: UP-12/1000PCUL, *UP-12/1500PCUL, UP-12/2000PCUL, UP-12/3000PCUL
(*UP12/1500PCUL is not UL Listed)
Inverter physical description
1. DC input Openings Positive (+) & Negative (-): Allows the DC input
2. RJ11 Remote Panel Port: Connects to the remote control panel through the flat grey extension cable
3. DC Cooling Fan
4. Bonding Lug: Connects to the ground system (vehicle chassis or earth ground)
5. Circuit Breaker: Protects the inverter’s internal circuitry from shorted AC loads or overload situations
6. GFCI
7. Field Wiring Compartment: Provides access to the AC input and output hardwire leads and the 12Vdc
remote switch
-5-
2.4 Features
2.4.1 High overload ability up to 300% rated power (20 sec)
2.4.2 Low quiescent current, low power “Power Saving Mode” to conserve energy
2.4.3 4-step intelligent battery charging, PFC (Power Factor Correction) for charger
2.4.4 8 pre set battery type selector plus De-sulfation for totally flat batteries
2.4.5 Powerful charge rate up to 130Amp, selectable from 0%-100%
2.4.6 10ms typical transfer time between battery and AC, guarantees power continuity
2.4.7 Smart remote control
2.4.8 15s delay before transfer when AC resumes, extra protection for loads when used with generator
2.4.9 Allows start up and through power with depleted batteries
2.4.10 30A through current ability
2.4.11 Multiple speed controlled cooling fan
2.4.12 Extensive protections against various harsh situations
3 Electrical Performances
3.1 Invert
Topology
The UP inverter/charger is built according to the following topology.
Invert: Full Bridge Topology.
Charge: Isolate Boost Topology
Because of high efficiency MOSFETs and 16bit, 4.9MHZ microprocessor and heavy transformers, it outputs PURE
SINE WAVE AC with an average THD of 15% (min 5%, max 25%) depending of load connected and battery voltage.
The peak efficiency of UP Series is 85%.
Overload Capacity
The UP Series inverters have different overload capacities, making it ideal to handle demanding loads.
a. For 110%<Load<125% (±10%), no audible alarm in 14 minutes, beeps 0.5s every 1s in the 15th minute, and
Fault(Turn off) after the 15th minute
b. For 125%<Load<150% (±10%), beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault (Turn off) after the 1 minute
c.
For 300%≧Load>150% (±10%), beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault (Turn off) after 20s.
Caution:
After the inverter is switched on, it takes a finite time for it to self-diagnoses and get ready to deliver full power. Hence,
always switch on the load(s) after a few seconds of switching on the inverter. Avoid switching on the inverter with the
load already switched on. This may prematurely trigger the overload protection. When a load is switched on, it may
require initial higher power surge to start. Hence, if multiple loads are being powered, they should be switched on one
by one so that the inverter is not overloaded by the higher starting surge if all the loads are switched on at once.
3.2 AC Charger
UP Series is equipped with an active PFC (Power Factor Corrected) multistage battery charger. The PFC feature is
used to control the amount of power used to charge the batteries in order to obtain a power factor as close as possible
to 1.
Unlike other inverters whose max charging current decreases according to the input AC voltage, UP Series
charger is able to output max current as long as input AC voltage is in the range of 95-127VAC, and AC freq is in the
range of 58-64Hz. The UP Series inverter possesses a strong charging current of 130Amp (for 3KW 12Vdc model), and
the max charge current can be adjusted from 0%-100% via a liner switch to the right of the battery type selector. This
will be helpful if you are using our powerful charger on a small capacity battery bank.
Choosing “0” in the battery type selector will disable charging function.
-6-
Inverter Status Panel (on top of the inverter)
There are 3 main charging processes:
Bulk Charging:
This is the initial stage of charging. While Bulk Charging, the charger supplies the battery with controlled constant
current. The charger will remain in Bulk charge until the Absorption charge voltage (determined by the Battery Type
selection) is achieved.
Software timer will measure the time from A/C start until the battery charger reaches 0.3V below the boost voltage, then
take this time asT0 and T0×10 = T1
Absorb Charging:
This is the second charging stage and begins after the absorb voltage has been reached. Absorb Charging provides
the batteries with a constant voltage and reduces the DC charging current in order to maintain the absorb voltage
setting.
In this period, the inverter will start a T1 timer; the charger will keep the boost voltage in Boost CV mode until the T1
timer has run out. Then drop the voltage down to the float voltage. The timer has a minimum time of 1 hour and a
maximum time of 12 hours
Float Charging:
The third charging stage occurs at the end of the Absorb Charging time. While Float charging, the charge voltage is
reduced to the fl oat charge voltage (determined by the Battery Type selection*). In this stage, the batteries are kept
fully charged and ready if needed by the inverter.
If the A/C is reconnected or the battery voltage drops below 12Vdc, the charger will reset the cycle above.
If the charge maintains the float state for 10 days, the charger will deliberately reset the cycle to protect the battery.
-7-
Battery type selector
Switch
Settings
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Description
Boost / Vdc
Charger Off
Gel USA
AGM 1
LiFePO4
Sealed lead acid
Gel EURO
Open lead acid
Calcium
De-sulphation
Not used
Float / Vdc
14.0
13.7
14.1
13.4
14.6
13.7
14.4
13.6
14.4
13.8
14.8
13.3
15.1
13.6
15.5 (4 Hours then Off)
12Vdc Mode
De-sulphation
The de-sulphation cycle on switch position 8 is marked in red because this is a very dangerous setting if you do not
know what you are doing. Before ever attempting to use this cycle you must clearly understand what it does and when
and how you would use it.
What causes sulphation? This can occur with infrequent use of the batteries, or if the batteries have been left
discharged so low that they will not accept a charge. This cycle is a very high voltage charge cycle designed to try to
break down the sulphated crust that is preventing the plates from taking a charge and thus allow the plates to clean up
and accept a charge once again.
-8-
Charging depleted batteries
The UP Series inverter allows start up and through power with depleted batteries.
For 12VDC model, after the battery voltage goes below 10V, if the switch is still(and always) kept in "ON" position, the
inverter is always connected with battery, and the battery voltage doesn’t drop below 2V, the inverter will be able to
charge the battery once qualified AC inputs.
Before the battery voltage going below 9VDC, the charging can activated when the switch is turned to “Off”, then to
“ON”.
When the voltage goes below 9VDC, and you accidently turn the switch to OFF or disconnect the inverter from battery,
the inverter will not be able to charge the battery once again, because the CPU lose memory during this process.
Start up without battery function can be customized upon request.
Charging Current for each model
Model
UP12/1000PCUL
UP12/1500PCUL
UP12/2000PCUL
UP12/3000PCUL
Current
30+/-5A
45+/-5A
95+/-5A
125+/-5A
The charging capacity will go to peak in around 3 seconds; this may probably cause a generator to drop frequency,
making inverter transfer to battery mode.
It is suggested to gradually put charging load on the generator by switching the charging switch from min to
max, together with the 15s switch delay, our inverter gives the generator enough time to spin up.
Caution:
Please turn the charge current control switch gently to avoid breakage due to over-turning
3.3 AC Transfer
While in the Standby Mode, the AC input is continually monitored. Whenever AC power falls below the VAC Trip voltage
(90 VAC, default setting), the inverter automatically transfers back to the Invert Mode with minimum interruption to your
appliances - as long as the inverter is turned on. The transfer from Standby mode to Inverter mode occurs in
approximately 10 milliseconds. And it is the same time from Inverter mode to Standby mode.
Though it is not designed as a computer UPS system, this transfer time is usually fast enough to hold them up.
There is a 15-second delay from the time the inverter senses that continuously qualified AC is present at the input
terminals to when the transfer is made. This delay is built in to provide time for a generator to spin-up to a stable voltage
and avoid relay chattering. The inverter will not transfer to generator until it has locked onto the generator’s output. This
delay is also designed to avoid frequent switch when input utility is unstable .
-9-
3.4 Auto Frequency Adjust
The inverter is designed with Auto Frequency adjust function.
The factory default configuration is 60Hz for 100/110/120VAC inverter
While the output freq can be easily changed once a qualified freq is applied to the inverter.
If you want to get 60Hz from a 50Hz inverter, just input 60Hz power, and the inverter will automatically adjust the output
freq to 60Hz and vice versa.
NOTE: The inverter will output factory set freq after it restarts. Customers who can only accept one freq should
specify the freq when ordering.
3.5 Power Saver
There are 2 different working statuses for UL inverter: “Power
On” and “Power Off”.
When power switch is in “Unit Off” position, the inverter is
powered off.
When power switch is turned to either of “Power Saver Auto”
or “Power Saver Off”, the inverter is powered on.
Power saver function is dedicated to conserve battery power
when AC power is not or little required by the loads.
In this mode, the inverter pulses the AC output looking for an
AC load (i.e., electrical appliance). Whenever an AC load
(greater than 25 watts) is turned on, the inverter recognizes
the need for power and automatically starts inverting and
output goes to full voltage. When there is no load (or less than 25 watts) detected, the inverter automatically goes back
into search mode to minimize energy consumption from the battery bank.
In “Power saver on” mode, the inverter will draw power mainly in sensing moments, thus the idle consumption is
significantly reduced.
The inverter is factory defaulted to detect load for 250ms in every 30 seconds.
Power saver on
Power saver off
Power saver on (Load detected)
Note: The minimum power of a load to take inverter out of sleep mode (Power Saver On) is 25 Watts.
- 10 -
UP Series Idle Power Consumption
Model Type
UP12/1000PCUL
UP12/1500PCUL
UP12/2000PCUL
UP12/3000PCUL
Power Saver Off
Idle Power
Quiescent Current
42W
3.5A
48W
4A
60W
5A
72W
6A
Power Saver Auto
16W
20W
25W
28W
When in the search sense mode, the green power LED will blink and the inverter will make a ticking sound. At full
output voltage, the green power LED will light steadily and the inverter will make a steady humming sound. When the
inverter is used as an “uninterruptible” power supply the search sense mode function should be defeated.
Exceptions:
Some devices when scanned by the load sensor cannot be detected. Small fluorescent lights are the most common
example. (Try altering the plug polarity by turning the plug over.) Some computers and sophisticated electronics have
power supplies that do not present a load until line voltage is available. When this occurs, each unit waits for the other
to begin. To drive these loads either a small companion load must be used to bring the inverter out of its search mode,
or the inverter may be programmed to remain at full output voltage.
3.6 Protections
The UP Series inverter is equipped with extensive protections against various harsh situations/faults.
These protections include:
AC Input over voltage protection/AC Input low voltage protection
Low battery alarm/High battery alarm
Over temperature protection/Over load protection
Short Circuit protection (1s after fault)
Back feeding protection
When Over temperature /Over load occur, after the fault is cleared, the master switch has to be reset to restart the
inverter. The inverter will go to over temp protection when the heat sinks temp. ≥105ºC (221℉), and will go to Fault
(shutdown Output) after 30 seconds. The switch has to be reset to activate the inverter. The UP Series Inverter is with
back feeding protection which avoids presenting an AC voltage on the AC input terminal in Invert mode. After the
reason for fault is cleared, the inverter has to be reset to start working.
3.7 Remote Control
Apart from the switch panel on the front of the inverter, an extra switch panel connected to the RJ11 port at the DC side
of the inverter through a standard telephone cable can also control the operation of the inverter. If an extra switch panel
is connected to the inverter via “remote control port”, together with the panel on the inverter case, the two panels will be
connected and operated in parallel.
The Inverter can also be switch on/off through the “RMT SW” pin in the right of AC terminal.
They inverter will be powered on once a +12Vdc (acceptable range 10-16Vdc) source is connected to the PIN, and
powered off when the +12Vdc source is disconnected(if the switch panel is in “Unit off” position).
- 11 -
The 12Vdc remote start is with the same priority as “Power saver off”.
Whichever first switches from “Unit Off” to “Power saver off” or “Power
saver on”, it will power the inverter on. If the commands from these
sources conflict, the inverter will accept command according to the
following priority: Power saver on> Power saver off> Power off.
Only when both panels and 12 remote control are turned to “Unit Off”
position, will the inverter be powered off.
WARNING
Never cut the telephone cable when the cable is attached to inverter and battery is connected to the inverter. Even the
inverter is turned off, this will damage the remote PCB inside if the cable is short circuited during cutting.
12Vdc Remote Control Wiring Diagram
WARNING
The rated current of remote control terminal is
0.5Amp, over current may damage the
inverter. Thus it must be protected with an
appropriate DC fuse; the suggested value is 1
Amp.
WARNING
Connecting this wire to chassis ground will
cause damage not covered under warranty!
The remote switch should be single pole, single throw with at least a 1 Amp rating. The wire used
should be at least 18ga
- 12 -
3.8 LED Indicator
SHORE POWER ON
GREEN LED lighting on AC Mode
INVERTER ON
GREEN LED lighting on Inverter Mode
FAST CHARGE
Yellow LED lighting on Fast Charging Mode
FLOAT CHARGE
GREEN LED lighting on Float Charging Mode
OVER TEMP TRIP
RED LED lighting on Over Temperature
OVER LOAD TRIP
RED LED lighting on Over Load
POWER SAVER ON
GREEN LED lighting on Power Saver Mode (Power Saver Load ≦25W)
3.9 Audible Alarm
Battery Voltage Low
Battery Voltage High
Inverter green LED Lighting and the buzzer beep 0.5s every 5s.
Inverter green LED Lighting, and the buzzer beep 0.5s every 1s, and
Fault after 60s.
(1)110%<load<125%(±10%), No audible alarm in 14 minutes,
th
Invert Mode Over-Load
Beeps 0.5s every 1s in 15 minute and Fault after 15 minutes;
(2)125% <load<150%(±10%), Beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault after 60s;
(3)Load>150%(±10%), Beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault after 20s;
Over Temperature
Heat sink temp. ≥105ºC(221℉), Over temp red LED Lighting, beeps 0.5s
every 1s;
3.10 FAN Operation
For 1-3KW, there is one multiple controlled DC fan which starts to work according to the following logics.
For 4-6KW, there is one multiple controlled DC fan and one AC fan. The DC fan will work in the same way as the one
on 1-3KW, while the AC fan will work once there is AC output from the inverter.
So when the inverter is in power saver mode, the AC fan will work from time to time in response to the pulse sent by the
inverter in power saver mode.
- 13 -
The Operation of DC fan at the DC terminal side is controlled in the following logic:
Condition
Enter Condition
Leave condition
Speed
HEAT SINK
T < 85 ℃(185℉)
T ≥ 85℃(185℉)
50%
TEMPERATURE
T ≥ 85℃(185℉)
T < 80℃(176℉)
100%
I ≤ 50%Max
I > 50%Max
50%
I > 50%Max
I ≤ 40%Max
100%
Load < 50%
Load ≥ 50%
50%
Load ≥ 50%
Load ≤ 40%
100%
CHARGER CURRENT
LOAD Percentage
(INV MODE)
Allow at least 30CM of clearance around the inverter for air flow. Make sure that the air can circulate freely around the
unit. Fan noise level <60db at a distance of 1m
4 Installation
4.1 Location
Follow all the local regulations to install the inverter.
Please install the equipment in a location of Dry, Clean, Cool with good ventilation.
Working temperature: ‐20℃ to 50℃ (-4℉ 122℉)
Storage temperature: ‐40℃ to 70℃ (-40℉ 158℉)
Relative Humidity:
0%to 95%,non-condensing
Cooling: Forced air
4.2 DC Wiring
It is suggested the battery bank be kept as close as possible to the inverter. The following table is a suggested wiring
option for 1 meter (3ft.) DC cable.
Rate Current
DC Cable
Model
200Amp Max
2AWG
300Amp Max
1/0AWG
UP12/2000PCUL
400Amp Max
3/0AWG
UP12/3000PCUL
UP12/1000PCUL & UP12/1500PCUL
Please find the following minimum wire size. In case of DC cable longer than 1m (3ft.) please increase the cross
section of cable to reduce the loss.
Reducing RF interference
To reduce the effect of radiated interference, twist the DC cables. To further reduce RF interference, shield the cables
with sheathing /copper foil / braiding.
Taping battery cables together to reduce inductance
Do not keep the battery cables far apart. In case it is not convenient to twist the cables, keep them taped together to
reduce their inductance. Reduced inductance of the battery cables helps to reduce induced voltages. This reduces
ripple in the battery cables and improves performance and efficiency.
- 14 -
The torque rating range for DC terminal is 12.5NM-205NM (9.25-15.19 pound-foot), and the
suggested torque rating is 17NM (12.6 pound-foot). Over torqueing may cause the bolt to break.
In the event of reverse polarity the unit could be totally destroyed which is not covered under
warranty.
WARNING
The inverter contains capacitors that may produce a spark when first connected to battery. Do not
mount in a confined a battery or gas compartment.
4.3 AC Wiring
We recommend using 10 to 5Awg wire to connect to the ac terminal block.
When in AC mode the AC input power will supply both the loads and AC charger, a thicker wire gauge for AC Input is
required.
The wirings are UL458 compliant, please consult a qualified electrician or call our tech support if you are not sure about
how to wire any part of your inverter.
Wiring Option
120V single phase
Input: Hot line + Neutral +
Common Ground
Output: Hot line + Neutral
+ Common Ground
WARNING
The output voltage of this unit must never be connected in its input AC terminal, overload or
damage may result. Always switch on the inverter before plugging in any appliance.
WARNING
The installer must use AC wires rated at least 75℃/167℉.
4.4 Grounding
Connect an AWG 8 gauge or greater copper wire between the grounding terminal on the inverter and the earth
grounding system or the vehicle chassis.
- 15 -
4.5 Install Flange
1-3KW Models
Side View
- 16 -
5 Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting contains information about how to troubleshoot possible error conditions while using the UL Inverter &
Charger.
The following chart is designed to help you quickly pinpoint the most common inverter failures.
Indicator and Buzzer
Indicator on top cover
SHORE
INVER
POWER
-TER
FAST
Status
Item
CHG
Line
ON
ON
CC
√
×
CV
√
×
√
LED on Remote Switch
OVER
OVER
POWER
TEMP
LOAD
SAVER
FLOAT
BATT
CHG
INVERTER
Alarm
Buzzer
CHG
TRIP
TRIP
ON
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
√,
blink
Mode
Float
√
×
×
√
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
Standby
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
Inverter On
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
√
Inverter
Mode
Power
Saver
Battery Low
Beep 0.5s
every 5s
Battery
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
√
Beep 0.5s
High
every 1s
Overload
Refer to
On Invert
×
√
×
×
×
√
×
×
√
√
Mode
“Audible
alarm”
Inverter
Over-Temp
Mode
On Invert
×
√
×
×
√
×
×
×
√
√
Beep 0.5s
every 1s
Mode
Over-Temp
On Line
√
×
√
×
√
×
×
√
×
√
Beep 0.5s
every 1s
Mode
Over
√
×
√
×
×
×
×
√
×
√
Charge
Beep 0.5s
every 1s
Beep
Fan Lock
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
continuous
Battery
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
Beep
×
High
continuous
Inverter
Fault
Mode
×
×
×
×
×
√
Beep
×
×
×
×
Mode
continuous
Overload
Output
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
√
Short
Over-Temp
Beep
continuous
×
×
×
×
√
Beep
×
×
×
×
×
continuous
- 17 -
Over
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
√
Beep
×
×
Charge
continuous
Back Feed
Beep
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
Short
continuous
Symptom
Possible Cause
Recommended Solution
Inverter will not turn on during initial
Batteries are not connected, loose
Check the batteries and cable
power up.
Battery side connections.
connections.
Low battery voltage.
Check DC fuse and breaker.
Charge the battery.
No AC output voltage and no
Inverter has been manually
Press the switch to Power saver on or
indicator lights ON.
transitioned to OFF mode.
Power saver off position.
AC output voltage is low and the
Low battery.
Check the condition of the batteries
inverter turns loads OFF in a short
and recharge if possible.
time.
Charger is inoperative and unit will
AC voltage has dropped
Check the AC voltage for proper
not accept AC.
out-of-tolerance
voltage and frequency.
Charger is supplying a lower charge
Charger controls are improperly set.
Refer to the section on adjusting the
“Charger Rate”.
rate.
Low AC input voltage.
Source qualified AC power.
Loose battery or AC input
Check all DC /AC connections.
connections.
Charger turns OFF while charging
High AC input voltages from the
Load the generator down with a
from a generator.
generator.
heavy load.
Turn the generator output voltage
down.
Sensitive loads turn off temporarily
Inverter's Low voltage trip voltage
when transferring between grids and
may be too low to sustain certain
inverting.
loads.
Noise from Transformer/case*
Applying specific loads such as hair
Install a UPS if possible.
Remove the loads
drier
*The reason for the noise from transformer and/or case
When in inverter mode and the transformer and/or case of the inverter sometimes may vibrate and make noise.
The noise may come from transformer:
According to the characteristics of our inverter, there is one type of load which will most likely to cause rattles of
transformer, that is a half-wave load, load that uses only a half cycle of the power (see figure 1). That is a half-wave
load, load that uses only a half cycle of the power (see figure 1). This trends to cause imbalance of magnetic field of
transformer, reducing its rated working frequency from 20 KHz to, say, maybe 15 KHz (it varies according to different
loads). This way, the freq of noise falls exactly into the range (200Hz - 20 KHz) that human ear can sense.
The most common load of such kind is hair dryer.
Figure 1
- 18 -
If the noise comes from case:
Normally when loaded with inductive loads, the magnetic field generated by transformer keeps attracting or releasing
the steel case at a specific freq, this may also cause noise.
Reducing the load power or using an inverter with bigger capacity will normally solve this problem.
The noise won’t do any harm to the inverter or the loads.
6 Limited Warranty Plan
Ultimate Power extends the following warranty to the original purchaser of those goods subject to the qualification
indicated:
1)
Ultimate Power warrants to the original purchaser for use that the goods or any component thereof manufactured
by Ultimate Power will be free from defects in workmanship from date of purchase, provided that such goods are
installed, maintained and used in accordance with manufacturer’s written instructions.
See product specification
sheet(s) for warranty period.
2)
Components not manufactured by Ultimate Power, but used within the assembly provided by Ultimate Power, are
subject to the warranty period as specified by the individual manufacture of said component, provided such goods are
installed, maintained and used in accordance with Ultimate Power and the manufacture’s written instructions.
3)
Ultimate Power s sole liability and the purchaser’s sole remedy for the failure of goods under this limited warranty
and for any and all claims arising out of the purchase and use of the goods shall be limited to the repair or replacement
of goods that do not conform to the warranty.
Ultimate Powers advanced replacement policy: If an Ultimate Power employee and or an authorized distributor’s
service technician deems that a problem exist with an Ultimate Power manufactured product, then Ultimate Power will
ship a replacement part to match the defective product.
Ultimate Power will pay the ground service shipping cost to
the customer and provide a return shipping label for its return.
Customer must put the damaged product in the box the
replacement product came in and ship back to Ultimate Power.
If Ultimate Power does not receive the defective
product within 30 days or the product is damaged from improperly packaged product for return shipping and if the
product is found not to have any problem the customer will be charged for the replacement product at the original
purchase price.
The following cases are not covered under warranty:
1. DC polarity is reverse: the inverter is designed without DC polarity reverse protection. A
polarity reverse may severely damage the inverter
2. Wrong AC wiring
3. Operation in a condensing environment
4. Operating with an undersized generator or generator with unqualified wave form
5. Unauthorized entry attempts to repair or make adjustments to contents without
consent
- 19 -
Appendix 1
UP Series Inverter/Charger
Electrical Specifications
Model
UP12/1000PCUL
*UP12/1500PCUL
UP12/2000PCUL
UP12/3000PCUL
Continuous Output Power
1000W
1500W
2000W
3000W
Continuous Output voltage
8.5A
12.5A
16.8A
25.2A
3000W
4500W
6000W
9000W
1HP
1.5HP
2HP
3HP
Surge Rating(20s)
Capable of Starting Electric Motor
Output Waveform
Inverter
Output
Pure Sine wave/Same as input(Bypass mode)
Nominal Efficiency
85%(Peak)
85%(Peak)
Line Mode Efficiency
>95%
Power Factor
0.9-1.0
Nominal Output Voltage RMS
83%(Peak)
120VAC
Output Voltage Regulation
±10% RMS
Output Frequency
60Hz ± 0.3Hz
Short Circuit Protection
Yes, Current Limit Function (fault after 1s )
Typical transfer Time
10ms(Max)
Nominal Input Voltage
12V
Minimum Start Voltage
10V
Low Battery Alarm
DC Input
85%(Peak)
10.5V
Low Battery Trip
10V
High Voltage Alarm & Fault
16V
High DC Input Recovery
15.5V
Low Battery voltage recover
13V
Minimum load-Search Mode
25 W when Power Saver On
Input Voltage Range
100-135VAC
Input AC Current
6.5A
9.6A
Output Voltage
13.6A
19.2A
Depends on battery type
Charger Breaker Rating
Max Charge Rate
10A
20A
20A
30A
35Amp
50Amp
100Amp
130Amp
Battery Initial Voltage for Start Up
10V-15.7V for 12V
Over Charge Protection Shutdown
15.7V for 12V
Charger curve(4 stage constant current)Battery types 4 step digital controlled
Charge
progressive charge
Battery type
Fast V
Gel U.S.A
Float V
14
13.7
A.G.M 1
14.1
13.4
LiFePO4
14.6
13.7
Sealed Lead Acid
14.4
13.6
Gel Euro
14.4
13.8
Open Lead Acid
14.8
13.3
- 20 -
Calcium
15.1
13.6
De-sulphation
15.5 for 4hrs
Remote Control
Yes. Optional
Input Voltage Waveform
Sine wave (Grid or Generator)
Nominal Voltage
120VAC
Low Voltage Trip
90V±4%
Low Voltage re engage
100V±4%
High Voltage Trip
140V±4%
High Voltage re engage
135V±4%
Max Input AC Voltage
Bypass &
Protection
150VAC
Nominal Input Frequency
60Hz
Low Freq Trip
57±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Low Freq re engage
58±0.3Hz for 60Hz
High Freq Trip
65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
High Freq re engage
64±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Overload protection
Circuit breaker
Output Short circuit protection
Circuit breaker
Charge depleted battery
Other
Yes
Breaker Rating for AC terminal
10A
15A
20A
30A
Breaker Rating for GFCI
10A
15A
15A
15A
‐20℃ to 50℃ (-4℉ 122℉)
Operating temp
Mechanical Specifications
Mounting
Wall mount
473.6*220*180mm (18.64” x 8.66” x 7.1'')
Inverter Dimensions(L*W*H)
Inverter Weight
15kg (33lbs)
20 (44lbs)
25 (55lbs)
640*315*300mm (25.2” x 12.4” x 11.8'')
Shipping Dimensions(L*W*H)
Shipping Weight
16 (35lbs)
17 (38lbs)
Display
18 (40lbs)
22 (49lbs)
Status LEDs
Standard Warranty
1
Notes
- 21 -
Year
27 (60lbs)
- 22 -
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