Multi-Homing Gateway
Multi-Homing Gateway
User’s Manual
Contents
System
5
Admin
8
Setting
12
Date/Time
21
Multiple Subnet
22
Hack Alert
33
Route Table
37
DHCP
41
DNS Proxy
45
Dynamic DNS
50
Language
56
Permitted IPs
57
Logout
61
Software Update
62
1
Interface
63
LAN
64
WAN
66
DMZ
72
Address
75
LAN
76
LAN Group
80
WAN
84
WAN Group
88
DMZ
92
DMZ Group
96
Service
101
Pre-defined
102
Custom
103
Group
107
2
Schedule
111
Content filtering
117
URL Blocking
118
Script Blocking
123
Virtual Server
125
Mapped IP
127
Virtual Server
132
Policy
141
Outgoing
142
Incoming
150
WAN To DMZ & LAN To DMZ
156
DMZ To WAN & DMZ To LAN
162
VPN
167
Autokey IKE
168
PPTP Server
245
PPTP Client
250
3
LOG
255
Traffic Log
256
Event Log
259
Connection Log
262
Log Backup
265
Alarm
269
Traffic Alarm
270
Event Alarm
273
Statistics
277
WAN Statistics
278
Policy Statistics
280
Status
283
Interface Status
284
ARP Table
285
DHCP Clients
286
Setup Examples
287
4
System
The device Multi-Homing Gateway Administration and monitoring control is set by the System
Administrator. The System Administrator can add or modify System settings and monitoring
mode. The sub Administrators can only read System settings but not modify them. In System,
the System Administrator can:
(1) Add and change the sub Administrator’s names and passwords;
(2) Back up all Multi-Homing Gateway settings into local files;
(3) Set up alerts for Hackers invasion.
What is System?
“System” is the managing of settings such as the privileges of packets that pass through the
Multi-Homing Gateway and monitoring controls. Administrators may manage, monitor, and
configure Multi-Homing Gateway settings. All configurations are “read-only” for all users other
than the Administrator; those users are not able to change any settings for the Multi-Homing
Gateway.
The eleven sub functions under System are Admini, Setting, Date/Time, Multiple Subnet,
Hack Alert, Route Table,
DHCP,
DNS Proxy, Dynamic DNS, Logout and Software
Update.
Admin: has control of user access to the Multi-Homing Gateway.
He/she can add/remove
users and change passwords.
Setting: The Administrator may use this function to backup Multi-Homing Gateway
configurations and export (save) them to an “Administrator” computer or anywhere on the
network; or restore a configuration file to the device; or restore the Multi-Homing Gateway
back to default factory settings.
Under Setting, the Administrator may enable e-mail alert
notification. This will alert Administrator(s) automatically whenever the Multi-Homing Gateway
has experienced unauthorized access or a network hit (hacking or flooding).
an IP address of a SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer protocol) Server is required.
addresses can be entered for the alert notifications.
5
Once enabled,
Up to two e-mail
Date/Time: This function enables the Multi-Homing Gateway to be synchronized either with
an Internet Server time or with the client computer’s clock.
Multiple Subnet This function allows local port to set multiple subnet works and
connect with the internet through different WAN 1 IP Addresses.
Hacker Alert When abnormal conditions occur, the Multi-Homing Gateway will send an e-mail
alert to notify the Administrator, and also display warning messages in the Event
window of
Alarm.
Route Table
Use this function to enable the Administrator to
add static routes for the
networks when the dynamic route is not efficient enough.
DHCP Administrator can configure DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) settings for
the LAN (LAN) network.
DNS-Proxy The Multi-Homing Gateway Administrator may use the DNS Proxy function to
make the Multi-Homing Gateway act as a DNS Server for the Internal and DMZ network.
All
DNS requests to a specific Domain Name will be routed to the Multi-Homing Gateway’s IP
address.
For example, let’s say an organization has their mail server (i.e., mail.MH200.com)
in the DMZ network (i.e. 192.168.10.10).
The outside Internet world may access the mail
server of the organization easily by its domain name, providing that the Administrator has set
up Virtual Server or Mapped IP settings correctly.
However, for the users in the Internal
network, their WAN DNS server will assign them a public IP address for the mail server.
So
for the Internal network to access the mail server (mail.MH2000.com), they would have to go
out to the Internet, then come back through the Multi-Homing Gateway to access the mail
server.
Essentially, the internal network is accessing the mail server by a real public IP
address, while the mail server serves their request by a NAT address and not a real one.
This odd situation occurs when there are servers in the DMZ network and they are binded to
real IP addresses.
To avoid this, set up DNS Proxy so all the Internal network computers will
use the Multi-Homing Gateway as a DNS server, which acts as the DNS Proxy.
Dynamic DNS The Dynamic DNS (require Dynamic DNS Service) allows you to alias a
dynamic IP address to a static hostname, allowing your device to be more easily accessed by
specific name. When this function is enabled, the IP address in Dynamic DNS Server will be
automatically updated with the new IP address provided by ISP
6
Lanugage The software provides Traditional Chinese Version , Simplified Chinese
Version and English version for you to choose.
Permitted IP Only the authorized IP address is permitted to manage the Multi-Homing
Gateway.
Logout
Administrator logs out the Multi-Homing Gateway. This function protects your
system while you are away.
Software Update:
firmware.
Administrators may visit distributor’s web site to download the latest
Administrators may update the device firmware to optimize its performance and
keep up with the latest fixes for intruding attacks.
7
Admin
On the left hand menu, click on Setup, and then select Admin below it. The current list of
Administrator(s) shows up.
Settings of the Administration table
Administrator Name: The username of Administrators for the Multi-Homing Gateway.
user admin cannot be removed.
The
Privilege: The privileges of Administrators (Admin or Sub Admin)
The username of the main Administrator is Administrator with read / write privilege.
Sub Admins may be created by the Admin by clicking New Sub Admin. Sub Admins have
read only privilege.
Configure: Click Modify to change the “Sub Administrator’s” password and click Remove to
delete a “Sub Administrator.”
8
Adding a new Sub Administrator
Step 1. In the Admin window, click the New Sub Admin button to create a new Sub
Administrator.
Step 2.
In the Add New Sub Administrator window:
Sub Admin Name: enter the username of new Sub Admin.
Password: enter a password for the new Sub Admin.
Confirm Password: enter the password again.
Step 3.
Click OK to add the user or click Cancel to cancel the addition.
9
Changing the Sub-Administrator’s Password
Step 1. In the Admin window, locate the Administrator name you want to edit, and click on
Modify in the Configure field.
Step 2. The Modify Administrator Password window will appear.
information:
Password: enter original password.
New Password: enter new password
Confirm Password: enter the new password again.
Enter in the required
Step 3. Click OK to confirm password change or click Cancel to cancel it.
10
Removing a Sub Administrator
Step 1.
In the Administration table, locate the Administrator name you want to edit, and click
on the Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
The Remove confirmation pop-up box will appear.
Step 3.
Click OK to remove that Sub Admin or click Cancel to cancel.
11
Settings
The Administrator may use this function to backup Multi-Homing Gateway configurations and
export (save) them to an “Administrator” computer or anywhere on the network; or restore a
configuration file to the device; or restore the Multi-Homing Gateway back to default factory
settings.
Entering the Settings window
Click Setting in the System menu to enter the Settings window. The Multi-Homing
Gateway Configuration settings will be shown on the screen.
12
Exporting Multi-Homing Gateway Gateway settings
Step 1. Under Multi-Homing Gateway Configuration, click on the Download button next
to Export System Settings to Client.
Step 2. When the File Download pop-up window appears, choose the destination place in
which to save the exported file. The Administrator may choose to rename the file
if preferred.
13
Importing Multi-Homing Gateway settings
Step 1. Under Multi-Homing Gateway Configuration, click on the Browse button next to
Import System Settings. When the Choose File pop-up window appears, select
the file to which contains the saved Multi-Homing Gateway Settings, then click OK.
Step 2. Click OK to import the file into the Multi-Homing Gateway or click Cancel to cancel
importing.
14
Restoring Factory Default Settings
Step 1. Select Reset Factory Settings under Multi-Homing Gateway Configuration.
Step 2. Click OK at the bottom-right of the screen to restore the factory settings.
15
Enabling E-mail Alert Notification
Step 1. Select Enable E-mail Alert Notification under E-Mail Settings. This function will
enable the Multi-Homing Gateway to send e-mail alerts to the System Administrator
when the network is being attacked by hackers or when emergency conditions
occur.
Step 2.
Device Name: Enter the Device Name.
Step 3.
Sender Address(Required by some ISPs): Enter the Sender Address.(Some ISPs
need Required.)
Step 4.
SMTP Server IP: Enter SMTP server’s IP address.
Step 5. E-Mail Address 1: Enter the first e-mail address to receive the alarm notification.
Step 6. E-Mail Address 2: Enter the second e-mail address to receive the alarm notification.
(Optional)
Step 7. Click OK on the bottom-right of the screen to enable E-mail alert notification.
16
Web Management (WAN Interface) (Remote UI management)
The administrator can change the port number used by HTTP port anytime.
(Remote UI management)
Step 1. Set Web Management (WAN Interface). The administrator can change the port
number used by HTTP port anytime.
17
MTU (set networking packet length)
The administrator can modify the networking packet length.
Step 1. MTU Setting. The administrator can modify the networking packet length.
18
To-Multi-Homing Gateway Packets Log
Select this option to the device’s To-Multi-Homing Gateway Packets Log. Once this
function is enabled, every packet to this appliance will be recorded for system manager to
trace.
19
Multi-Homing Gateway Reboot
Select this option to the device’s Multi-Homing Gateway Reboot. Once this function is
enabled, the Multi-Homing Gateway will be reboot.
Step 1. Click Setting in the Administration menu to enter the settings window.
Step 2. Reboot Multi-Homing Gateway:Click Reboot.
Step 3. A confirmation pop-up box will appear.
Step 4. Follow the confirmation pop-up box, click OK to restart Multi-Homing Gateway
or click Cancel to discard changes.
20
Date/Time
Synchronizing the Multi-Homing Gateway with the System Clock
Admins can configure the Multi-Homing Gateway.s date and time by either syncing
to an Internet Network Time Server (NTP) or by syncing to your computer.s clock.
Follow these steps to sync to an Internet Time Server
Step 1.
Enable synchronization by checking the box.
Step 2.
Click the down arrow to select the offset time from GMT.
Step 3.
Enter the Server IP Address or Server name with which you want to
synchronize.
Step 4.
Update system clock every 5 minutes You can set the interval
time to synchronize with outside servers. If you set it to 0, it means
the device will not synchronize automatically.
Follow this step to sync to your computer.s clock.
Step 1.
Click on the Sync button.
Click the OK button below to apply the setting or click Cancel to discard
changes.
21
Multiple Subnet
NAT mode
Multiple Subnet allows local port to set multiple subnet works and connect with the internet
through different WAN 1 IP Addresses.
For instance:The lease line of a company applies several real IP Addresses 168.85.88.0/24,and
the company is divided into R&D department, service, sales department, procurement
department, accounting department, the company can distinguish each department by
different subne works for the purpose of convenient management. The settings are as the
following:
1.R&D department subnet work:192.168.1.11/24(Internal)
168.85.88.253(WAN 1)
2. Service department subnet work: 192.168.2.11/24(Internal)
168.85.88.252(WAN 1)
3.Sales depam ent subnet work: 192.168.3.11/24(Internal)
168.85.88.251(WAN 1)
4.Procurement department subnet work
192.168.4.11/24(Internal)
168.85.88.250(WAN 1)
5.Accounting department subnet work
192.168.5.11/24(Internal)
168.85.88.249(WAN 1)
The first department(R&D department) was set while setting interface IP, the other four
ones have to be added in Multiple Subnet,after completing the settings, each deparm ent
use the different WAN IP Address to connect to the internet. The settings of each
department are as the following
Service IP Address:192.168.2.1
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
Default Gateway:192.168.2.11
The other departments are also set by groups, this is the function of Multiple Subnet.
22
Multiple Subnet settings
Click Multiple Subnet in the System menu to enter Multiple Subnet window.
Multiple Subnet
WAN Interface IP / Forwarding Mode:Display WAN Port IP Address and
Forwarding Mode.
Alias IP of Int. Interface / Netmask: Local port IP Address and subnet
Mask.
Modify:Modify the settings of Multiple Subnet. Click Modify to modify the
parameters of Multiple Subnet or click Delete to delete settings.
23
Add Multiple Subnet NAT Mode.
Step 1. Click the Add button below to add Multiple Subnet.
Step 2. Enter the IP Address in the website name column of the new window.
Alias IP of LAN Interface: Enter Local port IP Address.
Netmask:Enter Local port subnet Mask.
WAN Interface IP
Add WAN 1 or WAN2 IP
Forwarding Mode
Click the NAT button below to setting.
Step 3. Click OK to add Multiple Subnet or click Cancel to discard changes.
24
Modify Multiple Subnet
Step 1. Find the IP Address you want to modify and click Modify
Step 2. Enter the new IP Address in Modify Multiple Subnet window.
Step 3. Click the OK button below to change the setting or click Cancel to discard changes.
25
Delete Multiple Subnet
Step 1.Find the IP Address you want to delete and click Delete.
Step 2.A confirmaion pop-up box will appear, click OK to delete the setting or click Cancel to
discard changes.
26
Routing Mode
Multiple Subnet allows local port to set Multiple Subnet Routing Mode works and connect
with the internet through different WAN IP Addresses.
For example, the leased line of a company applies several real IP Addresses 192.168.2.0/24 and
the company is divided into R&D, Customer Service, Sales, Procurement, and Accounting
Department. The company can distinguish each department by different subnet works for
the purpose of convenient management.
The settings are as the following:
27
Step 1.
Click System Configuration on the left side menu bar, then click Multiple
Subnet below it. Enter Multiple Subnet window.
Step 2. The definition of Multiple Subnet :
Forwarding Mode:Display Forwarding Mode which is NAT Mode or Routing
Mode.
WAN Interface IP: Display WAN Port IP Address.
Alias IP of Int. Interface / Subnet Mask: Local port IP Address and subnet
Mask.
Modify:Modify the settings of Multiple Subnet. Click Modify to modify the
parameters of Multiple Subnet or click Delete to delete settings.
28
Adding a Multiple Subnet Routing Mode
Step 1. Click the Add button below to add Multiple Subnet.
Step 2. Enter the IP Address in Add Multiple Subnet window.
Forwarding Mode : Click the Routing button below to setting
WAN Interface IP : Add WAN IP.
Alias IP of LAN Interface: Enter Local port IP Address.
Netmask:Enter Local port subnet Mask.
Step 3. Click OK to add Multiple Subnet or click Cancel to discard changes.
29
Step 4:
Adding a new Incoming Policy. In the incoming window, click the New Entry button.
30
Modify a Multiple Subnet Routing Mode
Step 1. Find the IP Address you want to modify in Multiple Subnet menu, then click Modify
button, on the right side of the service providers, click OK.
Step 2. Enter the new IP Address in Modify Multiple Subnet window.
Step 3. Click the OK button below to change the setting or click Cancel to discard changes.
31
Removing a Multiple Subnet Routing Mode
Step 1. Find the IP Address you want to delete in Multiple Subnet menu, then click Delete
button, on the right side of the service providers, click OK.
Step 2. A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to delete the setting or click Cancel to
discard changes.
32
Hacker Alert
The Administrator can enable the device’s auto detect functions in this section. When
abnormal conditions occur, the Multi-Homing Gateway will send an e-mail alert to notify the
Administrator, and also display warning messages in the Event window of Alarm.
Auto Detect functions
Detect SYN Attack: Select this option to detect TCP SYN attacks that
hackers send to server computers continuously to block or cut down all the
connections of the servers. These attacks will prevent valid users from
connecting to the servers.
【SYN Flood Threshold( Total) Pkts/Sec】: The System Administrator can
enter the maximum number of SYN packets per second that is allow to enter
the network/Multi-Homing Gateway.
【SYN Flood Threshold( Per Source IP) Pkts/Sec】: The System
Administrator can enter the maximum number of SYN packets per second
from attacking source IP Address that is allow to enter the
network/Multi-Homing Gateway.
33
【SYN Flood Threshold Blocking Time ( Per Source IP) Seconds】: The
System Administrator can enter the blocking time when the number of SYN
packets per second from attacking source IP Address that is allow to enter
the network/Multi-Homing Gateway exceed the maximum number (define as
above). After blocking for certain seconds, the device will start to calculate
the max number of SYN packets per second from attacking source IP
Address, if the max number still exceed the define value, it will block the
attacking IP Address continuously.
Detect ICMP Attack: Select this option to detect ICMP flood attacks.
When
hackers continuously send PING packets to all the machines of the LAN
networks or to the Multi-Homing Gateway via broadcasting, your network is
experiencing an ICMP flood attack.
【ICMP Flood Threshold( Total) Pkts/Sec】: The System Administrator can
enter the maximum number of ICMP packets per second that is allow to
enter the network/Multi-Homing Gateway.
【ICMP Flood Threshold( Per Source IP) Pkts/Sec】: The System
Administrator can enter the maximum number of ICMP packets per second
from attacking source IP Address that is allow to enter the network /
Multi-Homing Gateway.
【ICMP Flood Threshold Blocking Time ( Per Source IP) Seconds】: The
System Administrator can enter the blocking time when the number of ICMP
packets per second from attacking source IP Address that is allow to enter
the network / Multi-Homing Gateway exceed the maximum number (define
as above). After blocking for certain seconds, the device will start to
calculate the max number of ICMP packets per second from attacking
source IP Address, if the max number still exceed the define value, it will
block the attacking IP Address continuously.
Detect UDP Attack: The same as ICMP Flood.
【UDP Flood Threshold( Total) Pkts/Sec】: The System Administrator can
enter the maximum number of UDP packets per second that is allow to enter
the network/Multi-Homing Gateway.
34
【UDP Flood Threshold( Per Source IP) Pkts/Sec】: The System
Administrator can enter the maximum number of UDP packets per second
from attacking source IP Address that is allow to enter the
network/Multi-Homing Gateway.
【UDP Flood Threshold Blocking Time ( Per Source IP) Seconds】: The
System Administrator can enter the blocking time when the number of UDP
packets per second from attacking source IP Address that is allow to enter
the network/Multi-Homing Gateway exceed the maximum number (define as
above). After blocking for certain seconds, the device will start to calculate
the max number of UDP packets per second from attacking source IP
Address, if the max number still exceed the define value, it will block the
attacking IP Address continuously.
Detect Ping of Death Attack: Select this option to detect the attacks of tremendous
trash data in PING packets that hackers send to cause System malfunction This
attack can cause network speed to slow down, or even make it necessary to restart
the computer to get a normal operation.
Detect IP Spoofing Attack: Select this option to detect spoof attacks.
Hackers
disguise themselves as trusted users of the network in Spoof attacks.
They use a
fake identity to try to pass through the Multi-Homing Gateway System and invade the
network.
Detect Port Scan Attack: Select this option to detect the port scans hackers use to
continuously scan networks on the Internet to detect computers and vulnerable ports
that are opened by those computers.
Detect Tear Drop Attack: Select this option to detect tear drop attacks.
packets that are segmented to small packets with negative length.
These are
Some Systems
treat the negative value as a very large number, and copy enormous data into the
System to cause System damage, such as a shut down or a restart.
Filter IP Source Route Option: Each IP packet can carry an optional field that
specifies the replying address that can be different from the source address
specified in packet’s header. Hackers can use this address field on disguised
packets to invade LAN networks and send LAN networks’ data back to them.
35
Detect Land Attack: Some Systems may shut down when receiving packets with
the same source and destination addresses, the same source port and destination
port, and when SYN on the TCP header is marked.
Enable this function to detect
such abnormal packets.
After enabling the needed detect functions, click OK to activate the changes.
36
Route Table
In this section, the Administrator can add static routes for the networks.
Entering the Route Table screen
Click System on the left side menu bar, then click Route Table below it. The Route Table
window appears, in which current route settings are shown.
Route Table functions
Interface: Destination network , LAN or WAN 1/2 networks.
Destination IP: IP address of destination network.
NetMask: Netmask of destination network.
Gateway: Gateway IP address for connecting to destination network.
Configure: Change settings in the route table.
37
Adding a new Static Route
Step 1. In the Route Table window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Static Route window, enter new static route information.
Step 3. In the Interface field’s pull-down menu, choose the network to connect (Internal,
WAN 1 or WAN 2).
Step 4.
Click OK to add the new static route or click Cancel to cancel.
38
Modifying a Static Route:
Step 1. In the Route Table menu, find the route to edit and click the corresponding Modify
option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Modify Static Route window, modify the necessary routing addresses.
Step 3. Click OK to apply changes or click Cancel to cancel it.
39
Removing a Static Route
Step 1. In the Route Table window, find the route to remove and click the corresponding
Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to confirm removing or click
Cancel to cancel it.
40
DHCP
In the section, the Administrator can configure DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
settings for the LAN (LAN) network.
Entering the DHCP window
Step 1. Click System on the left hand side menu bar, then click DHCP below it. The DHCP
window appears in which current DHCP settings are shown on the screen.
DHCP Address functions
Enable DHCP Support:Enable /Disable DCHP Support
Domain Name:Enter the Domain Name of DHCP
Automatically Get DNS:Automatically detect DNS Server.
DNS Server 1 : Enter the distributed IP address of DNS Server1.
DNS Server 2 : Enter the distributed IP address of DNS Server2.
WINS Server 1 : Enter the distributed IP address of WINS Server1.
WINS Server 2 : Enter the distributed IP address of WINS Server2.
Internal Interface :
Client IP Address Range 1: Enter the starting and the ending IP address
dynamically assigning to DHCP clients.
41
Client IP Address Range 2: Enter the starting and the ending IP address
dynamically assigning to DHCP clients. (Optional)
DMZ Interface :
Client IP Address Range 1: Enter the starting and the ending IP address
dynamically assigning to DHCP clients.
Client IP Address Range 2: Enter the starting and the ending IP address
dynamically assigning to DHCP clients. (Optional)
Leased Time: Enter the leased time for DHCP.
42
Enabling DHCP Support
Step 1. In the Dynamic IP Address window, click
Enable DHCP Support.
Step 2.
Enable DHCP Support:Enable /Disable DCHP Support
Domain Name:Enter the Domain Name of DHCP
Automatically Get DNS:Automatically detect DNS Server.
DNS Server 1 : Enter the distributed IP address of DNS Server1.
DNS Server 2 : Enter the distributed IP address of DNS Server2.
WINS Server 1 : Enter the distributed IP address of WINS Server1.
WINS Server 2 : Enter the distributed IP address of WINS Server2.
Internal Interface :
Client IP Address Range 1: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients.
Client IP Address Range 2: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients. (Optional)
DMZ Interface :
Client IP Address Range 1: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients.
Client IP Address Range 2: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients. (Optional)
Leased Time: Enter the leased time for DHCP.
Step 3.
Click OK to enable DHCP support.
43
44
DNS-Proxy
The Multi-Homing Gateway’s Administrator may use the DNS Proxy function to make the
Multi-Homing Gateway act as a DNS Server for the Internal and DMZ network. All DNS
requests to a specific Domain Name will be routed to the Multi-Homing Gateway’s IP address.
For example, let’s say an organization has their mail server (i.e., mail.MH2000.com) in the
DMZ network (i.e. 192.168.10.10). The outside Internet world may access the mail server of
the organization easily by its domain name, providing that the Administrator has set up Virtual
Server or Mapped IP settings correctly. However, for the users in the Internal network, their
WAN DNS server will assign them a public IP address for the mail server. So for the Internal
network to access the mail server (mail.MH2000.com), they would have to go out to the
Internet, then come back through the Multi-Homing Gateway to access the mail server.
Essentially, the internal network is accessing the mail server by a real public IP address, while
the mail server serves their request by a NAT address and not a real one.
This odd situation occurs when there are servers in the DMZ network and they are binded to
real IP addresses. To avoid this, set up DNS Proxy so all the Internal network computers will
use the Multi-Homing Gateway as a DNS server, which acts as the DNS Proxy.
If you want to use the DNS Proxy function of the device, the end user’s main DNS
server IP address should be the same IP Address as the device.
45
Entering the DNS Proxy window
Click on System in the menu bar, then click on DNS Proxy below it. The DNS Proxy window
will appear.
Below is the information needed for setting up the DNS Proxy:
•
•
•
Domain Name: The domain name of the server
Virtual IP Address: The virtual IP address respective to DNS Proxy
Configure: modify or remove each DNS Proxy policy
46
Adding a new DNS Proxy
Step 1: Click on the New Entry button and the Add New DNS Proxy window will appear.
Step 2:
Fill in the appropriate settings for the domain name and virtual IP address.
Step 3:
Click OK to save the policy or Cancel to cancel.
47
Modifying a DNS Proxy
Step 1:
In the DNS Proxy window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding
Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
Make the necessary changes needed.
Step 3:
Click OK to save changes or click on Cancel to cancel modifications.
48
Removing a DNS Proxy
Step 1:
In the DNS Proxy window, find the policy to be removed and click the
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to remove the DNS Proxy or click
Cancel.
49
Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS (require Dynamic DNS Service) allows you to alias a dynamic IP
address to a static hostname, allowing your device to be more easily accessed by specific
name. When this function is enabled, the IP address in Dynamic DNS Server will be
automatically updated with the new IP address provided by ISP.
Click Dynamic DNS in the System menu to enter Dynamic DNS window.
1.
The nouns in Dynamic DNS window:
Update Status【 Connecting;
Update succeed;
Update fail;
Unidentified error】
Domain name:Enter the password provided by ISP.
WAN IP Address:IP Address of the WAN port.
Modify:Modify dynamic DNS settings. Click Modify to change the DNS
parameters; click Delete to delete the settings.
2.
How to use dynamic DNS:
The Multi-Homing Gateway provides 3 service providers, users have to regidter first to
use this function. For the usage regulations, see the providers’ websites.
How to register:First, Click Dynamic DNS in the System menu to enter Dynamic DNS
window, then click Add button,on the right side of the service providers, click Register, the
service peroviders’ website will appear, please refer to the website for the way of registration.
50
51
How to register:Firstly,
register
Click Dynamic DNS in the System menu to enter Dynamic DNS
window, then click Add button,on the right side of the service providers, click Register, the
service providers’ website will appear, please refer to the website for the way of registration.
Click to link to the website selected on the left.
52
Dynamic DNS settings
Step 1: Click Add button.
Step 2: Click the information in the column of the new window.
Service providers:Select service providers.
Register:to the service providers’ website.
WAN IP Address:IP Address of the WAN port.
automatically fill in the WAN 1/2 IP:Check to automatically fill in the
WAN 1/2 IP.。
User Name:Enter the registered user name.
Password:Enter the password provided by ISP(Internet Service Provider).
Domain name:Your host domain name provided by ISP.
Step 4: Click OK to add dynamic DNS or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modify dynamic DNS
Step 1: Find the item you want to change and click Modify.
Step 2: Enter the new information in the Modify Dynamic DNS window.
Step 3: Click OK to change the settings or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Delete Dynamic DNS
Step 1: Find the item you want to change and click Delete.
Step 2: A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to delete the settings or click Cancel
to discard changes.
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Language
Admins can configure the Multi-Homing Gateway Select the Language version.
Step 1. Select the Language version (English Version/Traditional Chinese
Version or Simplified Chinese Version).
Step 2. Click 【OK】to set the Language version or click Cancel to discard
changes.
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Permitted IPs
Only the authorized IP address is permitted to manage the Multi-Homing Gateway.
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Add Permitted IP Address
Step 1. Click New Entry button.
Step 2. In IP Address field, enter the LAN IP address or WAN IP address.
IP address:Enter the LAN IP address or WAN IP address.
Netmask:Enter the netmask of LAN/WAN.
Ping:Select this to allow the external network to ping the IP Address of the
Firewall.
WebUI:Check this item, Web User can use HTTP to connect to the Setting
window of Multi-Homing Gateway.
Step 3. Click OK to add Permitted IP or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modify Permitted IP Address
Step 1. In the table of Permitted IPs, highlight the IP you want to modify, and then click
Modify.
Step 2. In Modify Permitted IP, enter new IP address.
Step 3. Click OK to modify or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Remove Permitted IP addresses
Step 1. In the table of Permitted IPs, highlight the IP you want to remove, and then click
Remove.
Step 2. In Remove Permitted IP, enter new IP address.
Step 3. In the confirm window, click OK to remove or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Logout
Select this option to the device’s Logout the Multi-Homing Gateway. This function protects
your system while you are away.
Step 1. Click Logout the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Step 2. Click OK to logout or click Cancel to discard the change.
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Software Update
Under Software Update, the admin may update the device’s software with a newer software.
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Interface
In this section, the Administrator can set up the IP addresses for the office network. The
Administrator may configure the IP addresses of the LAN network, the WAN 1/2 network, and
the DMZ network. The netmask and gateway IP addresses are also configured in this
section.
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LAN
Entering the Interface menu:
Click on Interface in the left menu bar.
Then click on LAN below it.
the interface addresses will appear on the screen.
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The current settings of
Configuring the Interface Settings
Internal Interface
Using the LAN Interface, the Administrator sets up the LAN network. The LAN network will
use a private IP scheme. The private IP network will not be routable on the Internet.
IP Address: The private IP address of the Multi-Homing Gateway’s LAN network is the IP
address of the LAN port of the device. The default IP address is 192.168.1.1.
If the new LAN IP Address is not 192.168.1.1, the Administrator needs to set the IP Address
on the computer to be on the same subnet as the Multi-Homing Gateway and restart the
System to make the new IP address effective. For example, if the Multi-Homing Gateway’s
new LAN IP Address is 172.16.0.1, then enter the new LAN IP Address 172.16.0.1 in the URL
field of browser to connect to Multi-Homing Gateway.
NetMask: This is the netmask of the LAN network. The default netmask of the device is
255.255.255.0.
Ping: Select this to allow the LAN network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing
Gateway. If set to enable, the device will respond to ping packets from the LAN network.
WebUI: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the LAN network.
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WAN
Entering the Interface menu
Click on Interface in the left menu bar. Then click on WAN below it. The current
settings of the interface addresses will appear on the screen.
Balance Mode:
Auto: The Multi-Homing Gateway distributes the WAN 1/2 download by proportion
automatically according to the WAN download bandwidth. (For users who are using various
download bandwidth.)
Round-Robin: The Multi-Homing Gateway distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth 1:1,
in other words, it selects the agent by order.
(For users who are using same download
bandwidths.)
By Traffic: The Multi-Homing Gateway distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth by traffic.
(For users who are connected to the Internet via a fixed WAN IP address.
By Session: The Multi-Homing Gateway distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth by
session. (For users who are connected to the Internet via a fixed WAN IP address.
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By Packet: The Multi-Homing Gateway distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth by
packet and saturated connection. (For users who are connected to the Internet via a fixed
WAN IP address.
WAN No: Set the WAN 1/2 order.
Connect Mode: Display the current connection mode: PPPoE, Dynamic IP Address (Cable
Modem User) or Static IP Address.
IP Address: Display the current WAN IP Address.
Saturated Connections: Set the number for saturation whenever session numbers reach it,
the Multi-Homing Gateway switches to the next agent on the list. This function is only
applicable for By Session mode.
Enable: Display Ping/WebUI functions of WAN 1/2 to show if they are enabled or disabled.
Configure: Click Modify to modify WAN 1/2 settings.
Priority: Set priority of WAN 1/2 for Internet Access.
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WAN 1/2 Interface
Using the WAN 1/2 Interface, the Administrator sets up the WAN 1/2 network.
These IP
Addresses are real public IP Addresses, and are routable on the Internet.
For PPPoE (ADSL User): This option is for PPPoE users who are required to enter a
username and password in order to connect, such as ADSL users.
Current Status: Displays the current line status of the PPPoE connection.
IP Address: Displays the IP Address of the PPPoE connection
Username: Enter the PPPoE username provided by the ISP.
Password: Enter the PPPoE password provided by the ISP.
IP Address provided by ISP:
Dynamic: Select this if the IP address is automatically assigned by the ISP.
Fixed: Select this if you were given a static IP address. Enter the IP address that is
given to you by your ISP.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
Service-On-Demand:
Auto Disconnect: The PPPoE connection will automatically disconnect after a length
of idle time (no activities). Enter in the amount of idle minutes before disconnection.
Enter ‘0’ if you do not want the PPPoE connection to disconnect at all.
Ping: Select this to allow the WAN 1 network to ping the IP Address of the
Multi-Homing Gateway. This will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the
Multi-Homing Gateway. If set to enable, the device will respond to echo request
packets from the WAN 1/2 network.
WebUI: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the WAN 1
network.
This will allow the WebUI to be configured from a user on the Internet.
Keep in mind that the device always requires a username and password to enter the
WebUI.
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For Dynamic IP Address (Cable Modem User): This option is for users who are
automatically assigned an IP address by their ISP, such as cable modem users.
The
following fields apply:
IP Address: The dynamic IP address obtained by the Multi-Homing Gateway from the
ISP will be displayed here. This is the IP address of the WAN 1 (WAN) port of the
device.
MAC Address: This is the MAC Address of the device.
Hostname: This will be the name assign to the device. Some cable modem ISP
assign a specific hostname in order to connect to their network. Please enter the
hostname here. If not required by your ISP, you do not have to enter a hostname.
Ping: Select this to allow the WAN 1 network to ping the IP Address of the
Multi-Homing Gateway. This will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the
Multi-Homing Gateway. If set to enable, the device will respond to echo request
packets from the WAN 1 network.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
WebUI: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the WAN 1
network. This will allow the WebUI to be configured from a user on the Internet.
Keep in mind that the device always requires a username and password to enter the
WebUI.
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For Static IP Address: This option is for users who are assigned a static IP Address from
their
ISP.
Your ISP will provide all the information needed for this section such as IP
Address, Netmask, Gateway, and DNS.
Use this option also if you have more than one
public IP Address assigned to you.
IP Address:
Enter the static IP address assigned to you by your ISP.
This will be
the public IP address of the WAN 1 port of the device.
Netmask:
This will be the Netmask of the WAN 1 network. (i.e. 255.255.255.0)
Default Gateway:
This will be the Gateway IP address.
Domain Name Server (DNS):
This is the IP Address of the DNS server.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
Ping: Select this to allow the WAN 1 network to ping the IP Address of the
Multi-Homing Gateway.
This will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the
Multi-Homing Gateway.
If set to enable, the device will respond to echo request
packets from the WAN 1 network.
WebUI: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the WAN 1
network. This will allow the WebUI to be configured from a user on the
Internet. Keep in mind that the device always requires a username and
password to enter the WebUI.
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DMZ
The Administrator uses the DMZ Interface to set up the DMZ network. The DMZ network
consists of server computers such as FTP, SMTP, and HTTP (web). These server computers
are put in the DMZ network so they can be isolated from the Internal (LAN) network traffic.
Broadcast messages from the Internal network will not cross over to the DMZ network to cause
congestions and slow down these servers. This allows the server computers to work
efficiently without any slowdowns.
DMZ Interface: Display DMZ NAT Mode /DMZ TRANSPARENT Mode functions of DMZ to
show if they are enabled or disabled.
IP Address: The private IP address of the Multi-Homing Gateway’s DMZ interface.
be the IP address of the DMZ port.
This will
The IP address the Administrator chooses will be a
private IP address and cannot use the same network as the WAN or Internal network.
NetMask: This will be the netmask of the DMZ network.
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Ping: Select this to allow the DMZ network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing
Gateway.
This will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the Multi-Homing
Gateway.
If set to enable, the device will respond to echo request packets from the DMZ
network.
WebUI: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the DMZ network.
will allow the WebUI to be configured from a user on the Internet.
device always requires a username and password to enter the WebUI.
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This
Keep in mind that the
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Address
The Multi-Homing Gateway allows the Administrator to set Interface addresses of the Internal
network, Internal network group, WAN network, WAN network group, DMZ and DMZ group.
What is the Address Table?
An IP address in the Address Table can be an address of a computer or a sub network. The
Administrator can assign an easily recognized name to an IP address. Based on the network
it belongs to, an IP address can be an internal IP address, WAN IP address or DMZ IP
address. If the Administrator needs to create a control policy for packets of different IP
addresses, he can first add a new group in the Internal Network Group or the WAN Network
Group and assign those IP addresses into the newly created group.
Using group addresses
can greatly simplify the process of building control policies.
With easily recognized names of IP addresses and names of address groups shown in the
address table, the Administrator can use these names as the source address or destination
address of control policies. The address table should be built before creating control policies,
so that the Administrator can pick the names of correct IP addresses from the address table
when setting up control policies.
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LAN
Entering the LAN window
Step 1. Click LAN under the Address menu to enter the LAN window. The current setting
information such as the name of the LAN network, IP and Netmask addresses will
show on the screen.
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Adding a new LAN Address
Step 1. In the LAN window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Address window, enter the settings of a new LAN network address.
Step 3. Click OK to add the specified LAN network or click Cancel to cancel the changes.
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Modifying an LAN Address
Step 1. In the LAN window, locate the name of the network to be modified. Click the
Modify option in its corresponding Configure field. The Modify Address window
appears on the screen immediately.
Step 2. In the Modify Address window, fill in the new addresses.
Step 3. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing an LAN Address
Step 1. In the LAN window, locate the name of the network to be removed. Click the
Remove option in its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the address or click
Cancel to discard changes.
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LAN Group
Entering the LAN Group window
The LAN Addresses may be combined together to become a group.
Click LAN Group under the Address menu to enter the LAN Group window. The current
setting information for the LAN network group appears on the screen.
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Adding an LAN Group
Step 1. In the LAN Group window, click the New Entry button to enter the Add New
Address Group window.
Step 2.
In the Add New Address Group window:
Available Address: list the names of all the members of the LAN network.
Selected Address: list the names to be assigned to the new group.
Name: enter the name of the new group in the open field.
Step 3. Add members: Select names to be added in Available Address list, and click the
Add>> button to add them to the Selected Address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select names to be removed in the Selected Address list, and
click the <<Remove button to remove these members from Selected Address list.
Step 5.
Click OK to add the new group or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modifying an LAN Group
Step 1. In the LAN Group window, locate the network group desired to be modified and click
its corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2. A window displaying the information of the selected group appears:
Available Address: list names of all members of the LAN network.
Selected Address: list names of members which have been assigned to this group.
Step 3. Add members: Select names in Available Address list, and click the Add>> button
to add them to the Selected Address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select names in the Selected Address list, and click the
<<Remove button to remove these members from the Selected Address list.
Step 5. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing an LAN Group
Step 1. In the LAN Group window, locate the group to be removed and click its
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the group or click
Cancel to discard changes.
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WAN
Entering the WAN window
Click WAN under the Address menu to enter the WAN window. The current setting
information, such as the name of the WAN network, IP and Netmask addresses will show on
the screen.
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Adding a new WAN Address
Step 1. In the WAN window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Address window, enter the settings for a new WAN network
address.
Step 3. Click OK to add the specified WAN
network or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modifying an WAN Address
Step 1. In the WAN table, locate the name of the network to be modified and click the
Modify option in its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2. The Modify Address window will appear on the screen immediately. In the Modify
Address window, fill in new addresses.
Step 3. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing an WAN Address
Step 1. In the WAN table, locate the name of the network to be removed and click the
Remove option in its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the address or click
Cancel to discard changes.
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WAN Group
Entering the WAN Group window
Click the WAN Group under the Address menu bar to enter the WAN window. The current
settings for the WAN network group(s) will appear on the screen.
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Adding an WAN Group
Step 1. In the WAN Group window, click the New Entry button and the Add New Address
Group window will appear.
Step 2. In the Add New Address Group window the following fields will appear:
Name: enter the name of the new group.
Available Address: List the names of all the members of the WAN network.
Selected Address: List the names to assign to the new group.
Step 3. Add members: Select the names to be added in the Available Address list, and
click the Add>> button to add them to the Selected Address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select the names to be removed in the Selected Address list,
and click the <<Remove button to remove them from the Selected Address list.
Step 5. Click OK to add the new group or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modify an WAN Group
Step 1. In the WAN Group window, locate the network group to be modified and click its
corresponding Modify button in the Configure field.
Step 2. A window displaying the information of the selected group appears:
Available Address: list the names of all the members of the WAN network.
Selected Address: list the names of the members that have been assigned to this
group.
Step 3. Add members: Select the names to be added in the Available Address list, and
click the Add>> button to add them to the Selected Address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select the names to be removed in the Selected Address list,
and click the <<Remove button to remove them from the Selected Address list.
Step 5. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing an WAN Group
Step 1. In the WAN Group window, locate the group to be removed and click its
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the group or click
Cancel to discard changes.
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DMZ
Entering the DMZ window:
Click DMZ under the Address menu to enter the DMZ window. The current setting
information such as the name of the internal network, IP, and Netmask addresses will show
on the screen.
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Adding a new DMZ Address:
Step 1. In the DMZ window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Address window, enter the settings for a new DMZ address.
Step 3. Click OK to add the specified DMZ or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modifying a DMZ Address:
Step 1. In the DMZ window, locate the name of the network to be modified and click the
Modify option in its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2. In the Modify Address window, fill in new addresses.
Step 3. Click OK on save the changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing a DMZ Address:
Step 1. In the DMZ window, locate the name of the network to be removed and click the
Remove option in its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the address or click
Cancel to discard changes.
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DMZ Group
Entering the DMZ Group window:
Click DMZ Group under the Address menu to enter the DMZ window. The current settings
information for the DMZ group appears on the screen.
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Adding a DMZ Group:
Step 1. In the DMZ Group window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Address Group window:
Step 3.
Available Address:
list names of all members of the DMZ.
Selected Address:
list names to assign to a new group.
Name: enter a name for the new group.
Step 4. Add members: Select the names to be added from the Available Address list, and
click the Add>> button to add them to the Selected Address list.
Step 5. Remove members: Select names to be removed from the Selected Address list,
and click the <<Remove button to remove them from the Selected Address list.
Step 6. Click OK to add the new group or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modifying a DMZ Group:
Step 1. In the DMZ Group window, locate the DMZ group to be modified and click its
corresponding Modify button in the Configure field.
Step 2. A window displaying information about the selected group appears:
Available Address: list the names of all the members of the DMZ.
Selected Address: list the names of the members that have been assigned to this
group.
Step 3. Add members: Select names to be added from the Available Address list, and
click the Add>> button to add them to the Selected Address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select names to be removed from the Selected Address list,
and click the <<Remove button to remove them from Selected Address list.
Step 5.
Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to cancel editing.
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Removing a DMZ Group:
Step 1. In the DMZ Group window, locate the group to be removed and click its
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the group.
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Service
In this section, network services are defined and new network services can be added.
There are three sub menus under Service which are:
Pre-defined, Custom, and Group.
The Administrator can simply follow the instructions below to define the protocols and port
numbers for network communication applications.
Users then can connect to servers and
other computers through these available network services.
What is Service?
TCP and UDP protocols support varieties of services, and each service consists of a TCP
Port or UDP port number, such as TELNET(23), SMTP(21), POP3(110),etc. The 10/100M 2
WAN /1 LAN /1 DMZ Multi-Homing Gateway defines two services: pre-defined service and
custom service. The common-use services like TCP and UDP are defined in the pre-defined
service and cannot be modified or removed.
In the custom menu, users can define other
TCP port and UDP port numbers that are not in the pre-defined menu according to their
needs. When defining custom services, the client port ranges from 1024 to 65535 and the
server port ranges from 0 to 1023.
How do I use Service?
The Administrator can add new service group names in the Group option under Service
menu, and assign desired services into that new group. Using service group the
Administrator can simplify the processes of setting up control policies. For example, there are
10 different computers that want to access 5 different services on a server, such as HTTP,
FTP, SMTP, POP3, and TELNET. Without the help of service groups, the Administrator needs
to set up 50 (10x5) control policies, but by applying all 5 services to a single group name in
the service field, it takes only one control policy to achieve the same effect as the 50 control
policies.
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Pre-defined
Entering a Pre-defined window
Click Service on the menu bar on the left side of the window.
Click Pre-defined under it. A
window will appear with a list of services and their associated IP addresses.
be modified.
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This list cannot
Custom
Entering the Custom window
Click Service on the menu bar on the left side of the window.
Click Custom under it.
window will appear with a table showing all services currently defined by the Administrator.
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A
Adding a new Service
Step 1
In the Custom window, click the New Entry button and a new service table appears.
Step 2 In the new service table:
New Service Name: This will be the name referencing the new service.
Protocol: Enter the network protocol type to be used, such as TCP, UDP, or Other
(please enter the number for the protocol type).
Client Port: enter the range of port number of new clients.
Server Port: enter the range of port number of new servers.
The client port ranges from 1024 to 65535 and the server port ranges from 0 to 1023.
Step 3
Click OK to add new services, or click Cancel to cancel.
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Modifying Custom Services
Step 1.
In the Custom table, locate the name of the service to be modified. Click its
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2. A table showing the current settings of the selected service appears on the screen
Step 3. Enter the new values.
Step 4. Click OK to accept editing; or click Cancel.
105
Removing Custom Services
Step 1. In the Custom window, locate the service to be removed.
Click its corresponding
Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the selected service or
click Cancel to cancel action.
106
Group
Accessing the Group window
Click Service in the menu bar on the left hand side of the window. Click Group under it.
A
window will appear with a table displaying current service group settings set by the
Administrator.
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Adding Service Groups
Step 1. In the Group window, click the New Entry button.
In the Add Service Group window, the following fields will appear:
Available Services: list all the available services.
Selected Services: list services to be assigned to the new group.
Step 2.
Enter the new group name in the group Name field.
referencing the created group.
This will be the name
Step 4. To add new services: Select the services desired to be added in the Available
Services list and then click the Add>> button to add them to the group.
Step 5. To remove services: Select services desired to be removed in the Available
Services, and then click the <<Remove button to remove them from the group.
Step 6.
Click OK to add the new group.
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Modifying Service Groups
Step 1.
In the Group window, locate the service group to be edited.
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Click its
Step 2. In the Mod (modify) group window the following fields are displayed::
Available Services: lists all the available services.
Selected Services: list services that have been assigned to the selected group.
Step 3. Add new services: Select services in the Available Services list, and then click the
Add>> button to add them to the group.
Step 4. Remove services: Select services to be removed in the Selected Services list, and
then click the <<Remove button to remove theses services from the group.
Step 5. Click OK
to save editing changes.
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Removing Service Groups
Step 1.
In the Group window, locate the service group to be removed and click its
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the selected service
group or click Cancel to cancel removing.
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Schedule
The Multi-Homing Gateway allows the Administrator to configure a schedule for policies to
take affect.
By creating a schedule, the Administrator is allowing the Multi-Homing Gateway
policies to be used at those designated times only.
Any activities outside of the scheduled
time slot will not follow the Multi-Homing Gateway policies therefore will likely not be permitted
to pass through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
The Administrator can configure the start time
and stop time, as well as creating 2 different time periods in a day.
For example, an
organization may only want the Multi-Homing Gateway to allow the internal network users to
access the Internet during work hours.
Therefore, the Administrator may create a schedule
to allow the Multi-Homing Gateway to work Monday-Friday, 8AM-5PM only.
non-work hours, the Multi-Homing Gateway will not allow Internet access.
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During the
Accessing the Schedule window
Click on Schedule on the menu bar and the schedule window will appear displaying the
active schedules.
The following items are displayed in this window:
Name:
the name assigned to the schedule
Comment:
a short comment describing the schedule
Configure:
modify or remove
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Adding a new Schedule
Step 1:
Click on the New Entry button and the Add New Schedule window will appear.
Step 2:
Schedule Name:
Period 1:
Fill in a name for the new schedule.
Configure the start and stop time for the days of the week that the schedule
will be active.
Step 3:
Click Ok to save the new schedule or click Cancel to cancel adding the new
schedule.
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Modifying a Schedule
Step 1:
In the Schedule window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding
Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
Make needed changes.
Step 3:
Click
OK to save changes.
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Removing a Schedule
Step 1:
In the Schedule window, find the policy to be removed and click the corresponding
Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click on OK to remove the schedule.
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116
Content filtering
The Administrator may setup URL Blocking to prevent LAN network users from accessing a
specific website on the Internet.
Any web request coming from an LAN network computer to
a blocked website will receive a blocked message instead of the website.
117
Entering the URL blocking window
Click on URL Blocking under the Configuration menu bar.
Click on New Entry.
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Adding a URL Blocking policy
Step 1: After clicking New Entry, the Add New Block String window will appear.
Step 2: Enter the URL of the website to be blocked.
Step 3: Click OK to add the policy.
Click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modifying a URL Blocking policy
Step 1:
In the URL Blocking window, find the policy to be modified and click the
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
Make the necessary changes needed.
Step 3:
Click on OK to save changes or click on Cancel to cancel modifications.
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Removing a URL Blocking
Step 1:
In the URL Blocking window, find the policy to be removed and click the
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click on OK to remove the policy or click
on Cancel to discard changes.
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Blocked URL site:
When a user from the LAN network tries to access a blocked URL, the error below will appear.
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Script Blocking
To let Popup、ActiveX、Java、Cookie in or keep them out.
Step 1:
Click Content Filtering in the menu.
Step 2:
【General Blocking】detective functions.
Popup filtering:Prevent the pop-up boxes appearing.
ActiveX filtering:Prevent ActiveX packets.
Java filtering:Prevent Java packets.
Cookie filtering:Prevent Cookie packets.
Step 3:
After selecting each function, click the OK button below.
When the system detects the setting, the Multi-Homing Gateway Gateway will
spontaneously work.
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Virtual Server
The Multi-Homing Gateway separates an enterprise’s Intranet and Internet into LAN networks
and WAN 1/2 networks respectively.
Generally speaking, in order to allocate enough IP
addresses for all computers, an enterprise assigns each computer a private IP address, and
converts it into a real IP address through Multi-Homing Gateway Gateway’s NAT (Network
Address Translation) function.
If a server which provides service to the WAN 1/2 networks,
is located in the LAN networks, outside users can’t directly connect to the server by using the
server’s private IP address.
The Multi-Homing Gateway Gateway’s Virtual Server can solve this problem.
A virtual server
has set the real IP address of the Multi-Homing Gateway Gateway’s WAN 1/2 network
interface to be the Virtual Server IP. Through the virtual server feature, the Multi-Homing
Gateway translates the virtual server’s IP address into the private IP address of physical
server in the LAN network. When outside users on the Internet request connections to the
virtual server, the request will be forwarded to the private LAN server.
Virtual Server owns another feature know as one-to-many mapping. This is when one virtual
server IP address on the WAN 1/2 interface can be mapped into
LAN network server private
IP addresses. This option is useful for Load Balancing, which causes the virtual server to
distribute data packets to each private IP addresses (which are the real servers).
By sending
all data packets to all similar servers, this increases the server’s efficiency, reduces risks of
server crashes, and enhances servers’ stability.
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How to use Virtual Server and mapped IP
Virtual Server and Mapped IP are part of the IP mapping scheme. By applying the incoming
policies, Virtual Server and IP mapping work similarly. They map real IP addresses to the
physical servers’ private IP addresses (which is opposite to NAT), but there still exists some
differences:
Virtual Server can map one real IP to several LAN physical servers while Mapped IP
can only map one real IP to one LAN physical server (1-to-1 Mapping). The Virtual
Servers’ load balance feature can map a specific service request to different physical
servers running the same services.
Virtual Server can only map one real IP to one service/port of the LAN physical
servers while Mapped IP maps one real IP to all the services offered by the physical
server.
IP mapping and Virtual Server work by binding the IP address of the WAN 1/2 virtual server to
the private LAN IP address of the physical server that supports the services. Therefore users
from the WAN network can access servers of the LAN network by requesting the service from
the IP address provided by Virtual Server.
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Mapped IP
Internal private IP addresses are translated through NAT (Network Address Translation).
If a
server is located in the LAN network, it has a private IP address, and outside users cannot
connect directly to LAN servers’ private IP address.
To connect to a LAN network server,
outside users have to first connect to a real IP address of the WAN 1/2 network, and the real
IP is translated to a private IP of the LAN network. Mapped IP and Virtual Server are the two
methods to translate the real IP into private IP.
Mapped IP maps IP in one-to-one fashion;
that means, all services of one real WAN 1/2 IP address is mapped to one private LAN IP
address.
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Entering the Mapped IP window
Step 1. Click Mapped IP under the Virtual Server menu bar and the Mapped IP
configuration window will appear.
Definition:
External IP:WAN IP Address.
Map to Virtual IP:The IP address which WAN maps to the virtual network in the server.
Configure:To change the setting, click Configure to modify the parameters; click delete to
delete the setting.
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Adding a new IP Mapping
Step 1. In the Mapped IP window, click the New Entry button. The Add New Mapped IP
window will appear.
WAN IP: select the WAN public IP address to be mapped.
Internal IP: enter the LAN private IP address will be mapped 1-to-1 to the WAN
IP address.
Step 2. Click OK to add new IP Mapping or click Cancel to cancel adding.
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Modifying a Mapped IP
Step 1. In the Mapped IP table, locate the Mapped IP you want it to be modified and click
its corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2. Enter settings in the Modify Mapped IP window.
Step 3. Click OK to save change or click Cancel to cancel.
Note: A Mapped IP cannot be modified if it has been assigned/used as a destination address of any
Incoming policies.
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Removing a Mapped IP
Step 1. In the Mapped IP table, locate the Mapped IP desired to be removed and click its
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up window, click OK to remove the Mapped IP or
click Cancel to cancel.
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Virtual Server
Virtual server is a one-to-many mapping technique, which maps a real IP address from the
WAN interface to private IP addresses of the LAN network.
This function provides services
or applications defined in the Service menu to enter into the LAN network.
Unlike a mapped
IP which binds an WAN IP to an LAN IP, virtual server binds WAN IP ports to LAN IP ports.
Definition:
Virtual Server IP:The WAN IP address configured by the virtual server. Click “Click here to
configure” button to add new virtual server address.
Service name:The service names that provided by the virtual server.
Port:The TCP/UDP ports that present the service items provided by the virtual server.
Server Virtual IP:The virtual IP which mapped by the virtual server.
Configure:To change the service configuration, click Configure to change the parameters;
click Delete to delete the configuration.
This virtual server provides four real IP addresses, which means you can setup four virtual
servers at most (Setup under the Virtual Server sub-selections Virtual Server 1/2/3/4 in the
menu bar on the left hand side.) The administrator can select Virtual Server1/2under Virtual
Server selection in the menu bar on the left hand side, click Server Virtual IP to add or
change the virtual server IP address; click “Click here to configure” to add or change the
virtual server service configuration.
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Adding a Virtual Server
Step 1. Click an available virtual server from Virtual Server in the Virtual Server menu
bar to enter the virtual server configuration window.
In the following, Virtual
Server is assumed to be the chosen option:
Step 2. Click the click here to configure button and the Add new Virtual Server IP
window appears and asks for an IP address from the WAN network.
Step 3. Select an IP address from the drop-down list of available WAN network IP addresses.
Step 4. Click OK to add new Virtual Server or click Cancel to cancel adding.
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Modifying a Virtual Server IP Address
Step 1. Click the virtual server to be modified Virtual Server under the Virtual Server
menu bar. A new window appears displaying the IP address and service of the
specified virtual server.
Step 2. Click on the Virtual Server’s IP Address button at the top of the screen.
Step 3. Choose a new IP address from the drop-down list.
Step 4. Click OK to save new IP address or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing a Virtual Server
Step 1. Click the virtual server to be removed in the corresponding Virtual Server option
under the Virtual Server menu bar. A new window displaying the virtual server’s
IP address and service appears on the screen.
Step 2. Click the Virtual Server’s IP Address button at the top of the screen.
Step 3. Select Disable in the drop-down list in.
Step 4. Click OK to remove the virtual server.
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Setting the Virtual Server’s services
Step 1. For the Virtual Server which has already been set up with an IP address, click the
New Service button in the table.
Step 2. In the Virtual Server Configurations window:
Server Virtual IP: displays the WAN IP address assigned to the Virtual Server
External Service Port: select the port number that the virtual server will use.
Changing the Service will change the port number to match the service.
Service: select the service from the pull down list that will be provided by the
Virtual Server.
Internal Server IP:The internal server IP address mapped by the virtual server.
Four computer IP addresses can be set at most, and the load can be maintained
in a balance.
Step 3. Enter the IP address of the LAN network server(s), to which the virtual server will
be mapped.
Up to four IP addresses can be assigned at most.
Step 4. Click OK to save the settings of the Virtual Server.
Note:
The services in the drop-down list are all defined in the Pre-defined and Custom
section of the Service menu.
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Adding New Virtual Server Service Configuration
Step 1. Select Virtual Server in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select Virtual
Server 1/2/3/4 sub-selections.
Step 2. In Virtual Server 1/2/3/4/3/4 Window, click “Click here to configure” button.
Step 3. Enter the parameters in the Server Virtual IP column.
WAN:Enter the WAN IP address that configured by the virtual server.
Server Virtual IP:Enter the WAN IP address configured by the virtual server.
Service Name (Port):Click the pull-down menu the system will display you the service item
port.
External Service Port:The External Service Port that provided by the virtual server.
Service Name:The service names that provided by the virtual server.
Internal Server IP:The internal server IP address mapped by the virtual server. Four
computer IP addresses can be set at most, and the load can be maintained in a balance.
Click OK to execute adding new virtual server service, or click Cancel to discard adding.
The administrator can click the “Click here to configure” button in the Virtual Server window
to add the service items of virtual server. Remember to configure the service items of virtual
server before you configure Policy, or the service names will not be shown in Policy.
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Modifying the Virtual Server configurations
Step 1. In the Virtual Server window’s service table, locate the name of the service
desired to be modified and click its corresponding Modify option in the Configure
field.
Step 2. In the Virtual Server Configuration window, enter the new settings.
Step 3. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to discard changes.
WAN:Enter the WAN IP address that configured by the virtual server.
Server Virtual IP:Enter the WAN IP address configured by the virtual server.
Service Name (Port):Click the pull-down menu the system will display you the service item
port.
External Service Port:The External Service Port that provided by the virtual server.
Service Name:The service names that provided by the virtual server.
Internal Server IP:The internal server IP address mapped by the virtual server. Four
computer IP addresses can be set at most, and the load can be maintained in a balance.Click
OK to execute the change of the virtual server, or click Cancel to discard changes.
If the destination Network in Policy has set a virtual server, it will not be able to change
or configure this virtual server, you have to remove this configuration of Policy, and then you
can execute the modification or configuration.
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Removing the Virtual Server service
Step 1. In the Virtual Server window’s service table, locate the name of the service
desired to be removed and click its corresponding Remove option in the
Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the service or click
Cancel to cancel removing.
If the destination Network in Policy has set a virtual server, it will not be able to change or
configure this virtual server unless you have already removed this configuration of Policy.
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Policy
This section provides the Administrator with facilities to sent control policies for packets with
different source IP addresses, source ports, destination IP addresses, and destination ports.
Control policies decide whether packets from different network objects, network services, and
applications are able to pass through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
What is Policy?
The device uses policies to filter packets.
The policy settings are: source address,
destination address, services, permission, packet log, packet statistics, and flow alarm. Based
on its source addresses, a packet can be categorized into:
(1). Outgoing: a client is in the LAN networks while a server is in the WAN 1/2 networks.
(2) Incoming, a client is in the WAN 1/2 networks, while a server is in the LAN networks.
(3) To DMZ: a client is either in the internal networks or in the WAN networks while, server is
in DMZ.
(4) From DMZ, a client is in DMZ while server is either in the internal networks or in the WAN
networks.
How do I use Policy?
The policy settings are source addresses, destination addresses, services, permission, log,
statistics, and flow alarm. Among them, source addresses, destination addresses and IP
mapping addresses have to be defined in the Address menu in advance. Services can be
used directly in setting up policies, if they are in the Pre-defined Service menu. Custom
services need to be defined in the Custom menu before they can be used in the policy
settings.
If the destination address of an incoming policy is a Mapped IP address or a Virtual Server
address, then the address has to be defined in the Virtual Server section instead of the
Address section.
Policy Directions:
Step 1.
In Address, set names and addresses of
source networks and destination networks.
Step 2.
In Service, set services.
Step 3.
In Virtual Server, set names and addresses
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Outgoing
This section describes steps to create policies for packets and services from the LAN network
to the WAN 1/2 network.
Entering the Outgoing window:
Click Policy on the left hand side menu bar, then click Outgoing under it.
appear with a table displaying currently defined Outgoing policies.
A window will
The fields in the Outgoing window are:
Source: source network addresses that are specified in the LAN section of Address
menu, or all the LAN network addresses.
Destination: destination network addresses that are specified in the WAN section of
the Address menu, or all of the WAN network addresses.
Service: specify services provided by WAN network servers.
Action: control actions to permit or deny packets from LAN networks to WAN 1/2
network travelling through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Option: specify the monitoring functions on packets from LAN networks to WAN 1/2
networks travelling through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Configure: modify settings.
Move: this sets the priority of the policies, number 1 being the highest priority.
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Adding a new Outgoing Policy
Step 1:
Click on the New Entry button and the Add New Policy window will appear.
Step 2:
Source Address: Select the name of the LAN network from the drop down list. The drop
down list contains the names of all LAN networks defined in the LAN section of the Address
menu. To create a new source address, please go to the LAN section under the Address
menu.
Destination Address: Select the name of the WAN 1/2 network from the drop down list. The
drop down list contains the names of all WAN 1/2 networks defined in the WAN 1/2 section of
the Address window. To create a new destination address, please go to the WAN 1/2 section
under the Address menu.
Service: Specified services provided by WAN 1/2 net work servers.
These are
services/application that are allowed to pass from the LAN network to the WAN 1/2 network.
Choose ANY for all services.
Action: Select Permit,Permit WAN 1,Permit WAN 2 or Deny from the drop down list to allow
or reject the packets travelling between the source network and the destination network.
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Logging: Select Enable to enable flow monitoring.
Statistics: Select Enable to enable flow statistics.
Content Filtering: Select Enable to enable Content Filtering.
Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute
the function in a certain time and range.
Alarm Threshold: set a maximum flow rate (in Kbytes/Sec).
An alarm will be sent if flow
rates are higher than the specified value.
Step 3:
Click OK to add a new outgoing policy; or click Cancel to cancel adding a new
outgoing policy.
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Modifying an Outgoing policy
Step 1: In the Outgoing policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be modified
and click its corresponding Modify option under the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
Note: To change or add selections in the drop-down list for source or destination address,
go to the section where the selections are setup.
Address menu; Destination Address → WAN 1 of
(Source Address→LAN of
Address menu;
[Pre-defined],[Custom] or Group under Service).
Step 3: Click OK to do confirm modification or click Cancel to cancel it.
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Service→
Removing the Outgoing Policy
Step 1.
In the Outgoing policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be removed
and click its corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation dialogue box, click OK to remove the policy or click
Cancel to cancel removing.
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Enabled Monitoring function:
Log: If Logging is enabled in the outgoing policy, the MULTI-HOMING GATEWAY will log the
traffic and event passing through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
The Administrator can click
Log on the left menu bar to get the flow and event logs of the specified policy.
Note:
System Administrator can back up and clear logs in this window. Check the chapter
entitled “Log” to get details about the log and ways to back up and clear logs.
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Alarm: If Logging is enabled in the outgoing policy, the Multi-Homing Gateway will log the
traffic alarms and event alarms passing through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
The
Administrator can click Alarm on the left menu to get the logs of flow and event alarms of the
specified policy.
Note:
The Administrator can also get information on alarm logs from the Alarm window. Please
refer to the section entitled “Alarm” for more information.
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Statistics: If Statistics is enabled in the outgoing policy, the Multi-homing Gateway will display
the flow statistics passing through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Note:
The Administrator can also get flow statistics in Statistics. Please refer to Statistics in
Chapter 11 for more details.
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Incoming
This chapter describes steps to create policies for packets and services from the WAN 1/2
network to the LAN network including Mapped IP and Virtual Server.
Enter Incoming window
Step 1:
Click Incoming under the Policy menu to enter the Incoming window. The
Incoming table will display current defined policies from the WAN 1/2 network to
assigned Mapped IP or Virtual Server.
Step 2:
The fields of the Incoming window are:
Source: source networks which are specified in the WAN section of the Address
menu, or all the WAN network addresses.
Destination: destination networks, which are IP Mapping addresses or Virtual server
network addresses created in Virtual Server menu.
Service: services supported by Virtual Servers (or Mapped IP).
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Action: control actions to permit or deny packets from WAN networks to Virtual
Server/Mapped IP travelling through the device.
Option: specify the monitoring functions on packets from WAN networks to Virtual
Server/Mapped IP travelling through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Configure: modify settings or remove incoming policy.
Move: this sets the priority of the policies, number 1 being the highest priority.
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Adding an Incoming Policy
Step 1:
Under Incoming of the Policy menu, click the New Entry button.
Step 2:
Source Address: Select names of the WAN networks from the drop down list. The drop
down list contains the names of all WAN networks defined in the WAN section of the Address
menu. To create a new source address, please go to the LAN section under the Address
menu.
Destination Address: Select names of the LAN networks from the drop down list. The drop
down list contains the names of IP mapping addresses specified in the Mapped IP or the
Virtual Server sections of Virtual Server menu.
To create a new destination address,
please go to the Virtual Server menu.
Service:
Specified
services
provided
by
LAN
network
servers.
These
services/application that are allowed to pass from the network to the LAN network.
are
Choose
ANY for all services.
Action: Select Permit or Deny from the drop down list to allow or reject the packets travelling
between the specified WAN network and Virtual Server/Mapped IP.
Logging: select Enable to enable flow monitoring.
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Statistics: select Enable to enable flow statistics.
Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute
the function in a certain time and range.
Alarm Threshold: set a maximum flow rate (in Kbytes/Sec).
An alarm will be sent if flow
rates are higher than the specified value.
Step 3:
Click OK to add new policy or click Cancel to cancel adding new
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incoming policy.
Modifying Incoming Policy
Step 1: In the Incoming window, locate the name of policy desired to be modified and click its
corresponding
Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
Step 3:
Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications.
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Removing an Incoming Policy
Step 1: In the Incoming window, locate the name of policy desired to be removed and click
its corresponding [Remove] in the Configure field.
Step 2:
In the Remove confirmation window, click Ok to remove the policy or click Cancel to
cancel removing.
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WAN To DMZ & LAN To DMZ
This section describes steps to create policies for packets and services from the WAN
networks to the DMZ networks. Please follow the same procedures for LAN networks to DMZ
networks.
Enter [WAN To DMZ] or [LAN To DMZ] window:
Click WAN To DMZ under Policy menu to enter the WAN To DMZ window. The WAN To
DMZ table will show up displaying currently defined policies.
The fields in WAN To DMZ window:
Source: source networks, which are addresses specified in the WAN section of the
Address menu, or all the WAN network addresses.
Destination: destination networks, which are addresses specified in DMZ section of
the Address menu and Mapped IP addresses of the Virtual Server menu.
Service: services supported by servers in DMZ network.
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Action: control actions, to permit or deny packets from WAN networks to DMZ
travelling through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Option: specify the monitoring functions of packets from WAN network to DMZ
network travelling through Multi-Homing Gateway.
Configure: modify settings or remove policies.
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Adding a new WAN To DMZ Policy:
Step 1:
Click the New Entry button and the Add New Policy window will appear.
Step 2:
Source Address:
Select names of the WAN networks from the drop down list. The drop
down list contains the names of all WAN networks defined in the WAN section of the Address
menu. To create a new source address, please go to the Internal section under the Address
menu.
Destination Address:
Select the name of the DMZ network from the drop down list. The
drop down list contains the names of the DMZ network created in the Address menu.
It will
also contain Mapped IP addresses from the Virtual Server menu that were created for the
DMZ network. To create a new destination address, please go to the Virtual Server menu.
(Please refer to the sections entitled Address and Virtual Server for details)
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Service: Select a service from drop down list. The drop down list will contain services defined
in the Custom or Group section under the Service menu. These are services/application that
are allowed to pass from the WAN network to the DMZ network.
Choose ANY for all
services. To add or modify these services, please go to the Service menu. (Please refer to
the section entitled Services for details)
Action: Select Permit or Deny from the drop down list to allow or reject the packets travelling
from the specified WAN network to the DMZ network.
Logging: select Enable to enable flow monitoring.
Statistics: select Enable to enable flow statistics.
Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute
the function in a certain time and range.
Alarm Threshold: set a maximum flow rate (in Kbytes/Sec).
rate exceeds the specified value.
Step 3:
Click OK.
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An alarm will be send if a flow
Modifying an WAN To DMZ policy:
Step 1: In the WAN To DMZ window, locate the name of policy desired to be modified and
click its corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
Step 3: Click OK to do save modifications.
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Removing an WAN To DMZ Policy:
Step 1: In the WAN To DMZ window, locate the name of policy desired to be removed and
click its corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the policy.
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DMZ To WAN & DMZ To LAN
This section describes steps to create policies for packets and services from DMZ networks to
WAN (WAN) networks.
Please follow the same procedures for DMZ networks to LAN
networks.
Entering the DMZ To WAN window:
Click DMZ To WAN under Policy menu and the DMZ To WAN table appears displaying
currently defined DMZ To WAN policies.
The fields in the DMZ To WAN window are:
Source: source network addresses which are specified in the DMZ section of the
Address window.
Destination: destination networks, which is the WAN network address
Service: services supported by Servers of WAN networks.
Action: control actions, to permit or deny packets from the DMZ network to WAN
networks travelling through the MULTI-HOMING GATEWAY.
Option: specify the monitoring functions on packets from the DMZ network to WAN
networks travelling through the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Configure: modify settings or remove policies
Move: this sets the priority of the policies, number 1 being the highest priority.
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Adding a DMZ To WAN Policy:
Step 1: Click the New Entry button and the Add New Policy window will appear.
Step 2:
Source Address: Select the name of the DMZ network from the drop down list. The drop
down list will contain names of DMZ networks defined in DMZ section of the Address menu.
To add a new source address, please go to the DMZ section under the Address menu.
Destination Address: Select the name of the WAN network from the drop down list. The
drop down list lists names of addresses defined in WAN section of the Address menu. To
add a new destination address, please go to WAN section of the Address menu.
Service: Select a service from drop down list. The drop down list will contain services defined
in the Custom or Group section under the Service menu. These are services/application that
are allowed to pass from the DMZl network to the WAN network.
Choose ANY for all
services. To add or modify these services, please go to the Service menu.
Action: Select Permit or Deny from the drop down list to allow or reject the packets travelling
from the specified DMZ network to the WAN network.
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Logging: Select Enable to enable flow monitoring.
Statistics: Select Enable to enable flow statistics.
Content Filtering: Select Enable to enable Content Filtering.
Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute
the function in a certain time and range.
Alarm Threshold: set a maximum flow rate (in Kbytes/Sec).
An alarm will be sent if flow
rates are higher than the specified value.
Step 3:
Click OK to add new policy or click Cancel to cancel adding.
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Modifying a DMZ To WAN policy:
Step 1:
In the DMZ to WAN window, locate the name of policy desired to be modified and
click its corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
Note: To change or add selections in the drop-down list, go to the section where the selections
are setup. (Source Address→DMZ of Address; Destination Address→WAN, Service→
Pre-defined Service, Custom or Group under Service.)
Step 3:
Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications.
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Removing a DMZ To WAN Policy:
Step 1.
In the DMZ To WAN window, locate the name of policy desired to be removed and
click its corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation dialogue box, click OK.
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VPN
The Multi-Homing Gateway’s VPN (Virtual Private Network) is set by the System Administrator.
The System Administrator can add, modify or remove VPN settings.
What is VPN?
To set up a Virtual Private Network (VPN), you don’t need to configure an Access Policy to
enable encryption. Just fill in the following settings: VPN Name, Source Subnet, Destination
Gateway, Destination Subnet, Authentication Method, Preshare key, Encapsulation and IPSec
lifetime. The Multi-Homing Gateways on both ends must use the same Preshare key and
IPSec lifetime to make a VPN connection.
PPTP Server: The administrator could enter the relate setting of VPN-PPTP Server.
PPTP Client: The administrator could enter the relate setting of VPN-PPTP Client.
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The fields in the IPSec window are:
Name: The VPN name to identify the VPN tunnel definition. The name must be different for
the two sites creating the tunnel.
Gateway IP: The WAN
interface IP address of the remote Multi-Homing Gateway.
Destination Subnet: Destination network subnet.
Algorithm: The display the Algorithm way.
Status: Connect/Disconnect or Connecting/Disconnecting.
Configure: Connect, Disconnect, Modify and Delete.
There are 4 examples of VPN setting.
Example 1. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Gateway.
Example 2. Create a VPN connection between the Multi-Homing Gateway and Windows
2000 VPN Client.
Example 3. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Gateway using Aggressive
mode Algorithm (3 DES and MD5), and data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5)
Example 4. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Gateway using ISAKMP
Algorithm (3DES and MD5), data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5) and GRE.
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The definition of VPN:
IPSec Algorithm: The administrator could fill in the following further settings to setup VPN;
IPSec Lifetime and Perfect Forward Secrecy to enable the Multi-Homing
Gateway select or update randomly the unrecognized AutoKey.
Preshare Key: The IKE VPN must be defined with a Preshared Key. The Key may be up to
128 bytes long.
ISAKMP Algorithm
Encryption Algorithm: The device selects 56 bit DES-CBC or 168-bit Triple DES-CBC
encryption algorithm. The default algorithm 56 bit DES-CBC.
ESP-Authentication Method: The device -selects MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
The default algorithm is MD5.
IPSec Algorithm: The device Select Data Encryption + Authentication or Authentication
Only.
Data Encryption + Authentication
Encryption Algorithm: The device selects 56 bit DES-CBC or 168-bit
Triple DES-CBC
or AES or NULL encryption algorithm. The default algorithm is 56 bit DES-CBC.
ESP-Authentication Method: The device -selects MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
The default algorithm is MD5.
IPSec Lifetime: New keys will be generated whenever the lifetime of the old keys is
exceeded. The Administrator may enable this feature if needed and enter the lifetime in
seconds to re-key. The default is 28800 seconds (eight hours). Selection of small values
could lead to frequent re-keying, which could affect performance.
Keep alive IP : Check to allow Remote Client computer IP Address connected to keep alive.
Aggressive mode: The device Select Aggressive mode Algorithm.
GRE/IPSec: The device Select GRE/IPSec (Generic Routing Encapsulation) packet seal
technology.
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Example 1. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing
Gateways.
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 61.11.11.11
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Company B External IP is 211.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To suppose Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN connection with company B,
192.168.20.100 for downloading the sharing file.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN
in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click
Add.
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Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and choose From Source to
be Internal. Fill the subnet IP, 192.168.10.0 and subnet mask, 255.255.255.0.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP, enter the IP desired to be
connected, company B’s subnet IP and mask.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key. ( The
max length is 100 bits.)
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For
communication via VPN, we choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group to connect.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table , choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose
3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy, and enter 28800 seconds in IPSec Lifetime and
Keep alive IP to keep connecting.
Step 8. Click the down arrow to select the policy of schedule, which was pre-determined in
Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the setting of Company A.
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The Gateway of Company B is 192.168.20.1. The settings of company B are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company B’s Multi-Homing Gateway, 192.168.20.1. Click VPN
in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click
Add.
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Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_B in IPSec Autokey window, and choose From Source to
be Internal. Fill the subnet IP, 192.168.20.0 and subnet mask, 255.255.255.0.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP, enter the IP desired to be
connected, company A’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.10.0 and 255.255.255.0 respectively.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key. ( The
max length is 100 bits.)
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For
communication via VPN, we choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group to connect.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table , choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose
3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy, and enter 28800 seconds in IPSec Lifetime and
Keep alive IP to keep connecting.
Step 8. Click the down arrow to select the policy of schedule, which was pre-determined in
Schedule . Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the setting of Company B.
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Example 2. Create a VPN connection between the Multi-Homing Gateway and Windows
2000 VPN Client.
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 61.11.11.11
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Company B External IP is 211.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To suppose Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN connection with company B,
192.168.20.100 for downloading the sharing file.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN
in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click
Add.
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Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and choose From Source to
be Internal. Fill the subnet IP, 192.168.10.0 and subnet mask, 255.255.255.0.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP, enter the IP desired to be
connected, company B’s subnet IP and mask.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key. ( The
max length is 100 bits.)
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For
communication via VPN, we choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group to connect.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table , choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose
3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy, and enter 28800 seconds in IPSec Lifetime and
Keep alive IP to keep connecting.
Step 8. Click the down arrow to select the policy of schedule, which was pre-determined in
Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the setting of Company A.
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The Gateway of Company B is 192.168.20.100. The settings of company B are as the
following.
Step 1. Enter Windows XP, click Start and click Execute function.
180
Step 2. In the Execute window, enter the command, MMC in Open.
181
Step 3. Enter the Console window, click Console(C) option and click Add/Remove Embedded
Management Option.
182
Step 4. Enter Add/Remove Embedded Management Option window and click Add. In Add/
Remove Embedded Management Option window, click Add to add Create IP Security Policy.
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Step 5. Choose Local Machine (L) for finishing the setting of Add.
184
Step 6. Finish the setting of Add.
185
Step 7. Click the right button of mouse in IP Security Policies on Local Machine and choose
Create IP Security Policy(C) option.
186
Step 8. Click Next.
187
Step 9. Enter the Name of this VPN and optionally give it a brief description.
188
Step 10. Disable Activate the default response rule. And click Next.
189
Step 11. Completing the IP Security Policy setting and click Finish. Enable Edit properties.
190
Step 12. In VPN_B window, click Add and please don’t click Use Add Wizard.
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Step 13. In IP Filter List tab, click Add.
192
Step 14. In IP Filter List window, please don’t choose Use Add Wizard and change Name to
VPN_B WAN TO LAN. Click Add.
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Step 15. In Filter Properties window, in Source address, click down the arrow to select the
specific IP Subnet and fill Company B’s IP Address, 211.22.22.22 and Subnet mask,
255.255.255.255. In Destination address, click down the arrow to select the specific IP Subnet
and fill Company A’s IP Address, 192.168.10.0 and Subnet mask 255.255.255.0. Please
disable Mirrored. Also match packets with the exact opposite source and destination
addresses.
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Step 16. Finish the setting and close IP Filter List window.
195
Step 17. Click Filter Action tab and choose Require Security. Click Edit.
196
Step 18. In Security Methods tab, choose accept unsecured communication, but always
respond using IPSec.
197
Step 19.
Click Edit in Custom/ None/ 3DES/ MD5.
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Step 20. Click Custom(For professional user) and click Edit.
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Step 21. Click Data Integrity and Encapsulation and choose MD5 and 3DES. Click Generate a
New key after every 28800 seconds. And click 3 times OK to return.
200
Step 22. Click Connection Type tab and click all network connections.
201
Step 23. Click Tunnel Setting tab, and click The tunnel endpoint is specified by the IP Address.
Enter the WAN IP of Company A, 61.11.11.11.
202
Step 24. Click Authentication Methods and click Edit.
203
Step 25. Choose Use this string to protect the key exchange (Preshared Key). And enter the
key, 123456789.
204
Step 26. Finish the setting, and close the window.
205
Step 27. Finish the Policy setting of VPN_B WAN TO LAN.
206
Step 28. Enter VPN_B window again and click Add to add second IP Security Policy. Please
don’t enable Use Add Wizard.
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Step 29. In New Rule Properties, click Add.
208
Step 30. In IP Filter List window, please disable Use Add Wizard, and change Name to
VPN_B LAN TO WAN. Click Add.
209
Step 31. In Filter Properties window,
in Source address, click down the arrow to select the specific IP Subnet and fill Company A’s
IP Address, 192.168.10.0 and Subnet mask 255.255.255.0.
In Destination address click down the arrow to select the specific IP Subnet and fill Company
B’s IP Address, 211.22.22.22 and Subnet mask, 255.255.255.255., Please disable Mirrored.
Also match packets with the exact opposite source and destination addresses.
210
Step 32. Finish the setting and close IP Filter List window.
211
Step 33. Click Filter Action tab and choose Require Security. Click Edit.
212
Step 34. In Security Methods tab, choose accept unsecured communication, but always
respond using IPSec.
213
Step 35.
Click Edit in Custom/ None/ 3DES/ MD5.
214
Step 36. Click Custom(For professional user) and click Edit.
215
Step 37. Click Data Integrity and Encapsulation and choose MD5 and 3DES. Click Generate a
New key after every 28800 seconds. And click 3 times OK to return.
216
Step 38. Click Connection Type tab and click all network connections.
217
Step 39. Click Tunnel Setting tab, and click The tunnel endpoint is specified by the IP Address.
Enter the WAN IP of Company B, 211.22.22.22.
218
Step 40. Click Authentication Methods and click Edit.
219
Step 41. Choose Use this string to protect the key exchange (Preshared Key). And enter the
key, 123456789.
220
Step 42. Finish the setting, and close the window.
221
Step 43. Finish the Policy setting of VPN_B LAN TO WAN.
222
Step 44. In VPN_B window, click General tab. And click Advanced for Key Exchange using
these settings.
223
Step 45. Click Master key Perfect Forward Secrecy.
224
Step 46. Move IKE/ 3DES/ MD5/ up to the highest order. Finish all settings.
225
Step 47. Finish the settings of Company B’s Windows 2000 VPN.
226
Step 48. Click the right button of mouse in VPN_B and enable Assign.
227
Step 49. To restart IPSec by Start Settings Control Panel
228
Step 50. Enter Control Panel and click Administrative Tools.
229
Step 51. After entering Administrative Tools, click Services.
230
Step 52. After entering Service, click IPSec Services, Restart the Service.
231
Step 53. Finish all settings.
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Example 3. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Gateway using Aggressive
mode Algorithm (3 DES and MD5), and data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5)
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 61.11.11.11
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Company B External IP is 211.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To suppose Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN connection with company B,
192.168.20.100 for downloading the sharing file by Aggressive mode Algorithm.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN
in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click
Add.
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Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and choose From Source to
be Internal. Fill the subnet IP, 192.168.10.0 and subnet mask, 255.255.255.0.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP, enter the IP desired to be
connected, company B’s subnet IP and mask.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key. (The
max length is 100 bits.)
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose Aggressive mode Algorithm. For
communication via VPN, we choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group 2 to connect.
Enter Local ID/ Remote ID optionally. If we choose to enter Local ID/ Remote ID, they couldn’t
be equal. For instance, Local ID is 11.11.11.11 and Remote ID is 22.22.22.22. Add @ before
number or text, for instance, @123A and @Abcd1.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table , choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose
3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy, and enter 28800 seconds in IPSec Lifetime and
Keep alive IP to keep connecting.
Step 8. Click the down arrow to select the policy of schedule, which was pre-determined in
Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the setting of Company A.
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The Gateway of Company B is 192.168.20.1. The settings of company B are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company B’s Multi-Homing Gateway, 192.168.20.1. Click VPN
in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click
Add.
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Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_B in IPSec Autokey window, and choose From Source to
be Internal. Fill the subnet IP, 192.168.20.0 and subnet mask, 255.255.255.0.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP, enter the IP desired to be
connected, company A’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.10.0 and 255.255.255.0 respectively.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key. ( The
max length is 100 bits.)
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For
communication via VPN, we choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group 2 to connect.
Enter Local ID/ Remote ID optionally. If we choose to enter Local ID/ Remote ID, they couldn’t
be equal. For instance, Local ID is 11.11.11.11 and Remote ID is 22.22.22.22. Add @ before
number or text, for instance, @123A and @Abcd1.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table , choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose
3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy, and enter 28800 seconds in IPSec Lifetime and
Keep alive IP to keep connecting.
Step 8. Click the down arrow to select the policy of schedule, which was pre-determined in
Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the setting of Company B.
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Example 4. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Gateway using ISAKMP
Algorithm (3DES and MD5), data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5) and GRE.
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 61.11.11.11
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Company B External IP is 211.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To suppose Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN connection with company B,
192.168.20.100 for downloading the sharing file by GRE/ IPSec Algorithm.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN
in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click
Add.
239
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and choose From Source to
be Internal. Fill the subnet IP, 192.168.10.0 and subnet mask, 255.255.255.0.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP, enter the IP desired to be
connected, company B’s subnet IP and mask.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key. (The
max length is 100 bits.)
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For
communication via VPN, we choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group to connect.
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Step 6. Choose GRE/ IPSec and enter GRE Source IP, 192.168.50.100 and GRE Remote IP,
192.168.50.200.
Note. The Source IP and Remote IP should be in the same C Class and modified by
Administrator.
Step 7. In IPSec Algorithm Table , choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose
3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 8. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy, and enter 28800 seconds in IPSec Lifetime and
Keep alive IP to keep connecting.
Step 9. Click the down arrow to select the policy of schedule, which was pre-determined in
Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 10. Click OK to finish the setting of Company A.
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The Gateway of Company B is 192.168.20.1. The settings of company B are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company B’s Multi-Homing Gateway, 192.168.20.1. Click VPN
in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click
Add.
242
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_B in IPSec Autokey window, and choose From Source to
be Internal. Fill the subnet IP, 192.168.20.0 and subnet mask, 255.255.255.0.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP, enter the IP desired to be
connected, company A’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.10.0 and 255.255.255.0 respectively.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key. (The
max length is 100 bits.)
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For
communication via VPN, we choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group 1 to connect.
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Step 6. Choose GRE/ IPSec and enter GRE Source IP, 192.168.50.200 and GRE Remote IP,
192.168.50.100.
Note. The Source IP and Remote IP should be in the same C Class and modified by
Administrator.
Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table , choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose
3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy, and enter 28800 seconds in IPSec Lifetime and
Keep alive IP to keep connecting.
Step 8. Click the down arrow to select the policy of schedule, which was pre-determined in
Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the setting of Company B.
244
PPTP Server
Entering the PPTP Server window
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server.
PPTP Server:Click Modify to select Enable or Disable.
Client IP Range: 192.26.145.1-254:Display the IP addresses range for PPTP
Client connection.
User Name:Displays the PPTP Client user’s name for authentication.
Client IP:Displays the PPTP Client’s IP address for authentication.。
Uptime:Displays the connection time between PPTP Server and Client.
Status:Displays current connection status between PPTP Server and PPTP
client.
Configure:Click 【Modify】to modify the PPTP Client settings or click
【Remove】to remove the item.
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Modifying PPTP Server Design
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server.
Step 2. Click【Modify】after the Client IP Range.
Step 3. In the【Modify Server Design 】Window, enter appropriate settings.
Disable PPTP:Check to disable PPTP Server.
Enable PPTP:Check to enable PPTPServer.
1.Encyption: the default is set to disabled.
2.Client IP Range:Enter the IP range allocated for PPTP Client to connect to
the PPTP server.
Auto-Disconnect if idle
minutes: Configure this device to disconnect to
the PPTP Server when there is no activity for a predetermined period of time.
To keep the line always connected, set the number to 0.
Schedule:Click the down arrow to select the schedule, which was
pre-determined in Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 4. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications
246
Adding PPTP Server
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server. Click NewEntry.
Step 2. Enter appropriate settings in the following window.
User name: Specify the PPTP client. This should be unique.
Password: Specify the PPTP client password.
Remote Client:
Single Machine: Check to connect to single computer.
Multi-Machine: Check to allow multiple computers connected to the PPTP
server.
IP Address: Enter the PPTP Client IP address.
Netmask: Enter the PPTP Client Sub net mask.
Client IP assigned by:
1. IP Range: check to enable auto-allocating IP for PPTP client to connect.
2. Fixed IP: check and enter a fixed IP for PPTP client to connect.
Step 3. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications
247
Modifying PPTP Server
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server.
Step 2. In the【PPTP Server】window, find the PPTP server that you want to modify. Click
【Configure】and click 【Modify】.
Step 3. Enter appropriate settings.
Step 4. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications
248
Removing PPTP Server
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server.
Step 2. In the【PPTP Server】window, find the PPTP server that you want to modify. Click
【Configure】and click 【remove】.
Step 3. Click OK to remove the PPTP server or click Cancel to exit without rmoval.
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PPTP Client
Entering the PPTP Client window
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
Server Address:Display the PPTP Server IP addresses..
User Name:Displays the PPTP Client user’s name for authentication.
Server IP:Displays the PPTP Server’s IP address for authentication.。
Encryption:Displays the PPTP Client Encryption ON or OFF
Uptime:Displays the connection time between PPTP Server and Client.
Status:Displays current connection status between PPTP Server and PPTP
client.
Configure:Click 【Modify】to modify the PPTP Client settings or click
【Remove】to remove the item.
250
Adding a PPTP Client
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
User name: Specify the PPTP client. This should be unique.
Password: Specify the PPTP client password.
Server Address: Enter the PPTP Server’s IP address.
Encyption : Enable or Disabled the Encyption .
Remote Client:
Single Machine:
Check to connect to single computer.
Multi-Machine: Check to allow multiple computers connected to the PPTP
server.
IP Address:Enter the PPTP Client IP address.
Netmask: Enter the PPTP Client Sub net mask.
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Auto-Connect when sending packet through the link: Check to enable the
auto-connection whenever there’s packet to transmit over the connection.
Auto-Disconnect if idle
minutes: Configure this device to disconnect to the
PPTP Server when there is no activity for a predetermined period of time. To
keep the line always connected, set the number to 0.
Schedule:Click the down arrow to select the schedule, which was
pre-determined in Schedule. Refer to the corresponding section for details.
Step 4. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications.
252
Modifying PPTP Client
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
Step 2. In the【PPTP Client】window, find the PPTP server that you want to modify. Click
【Configure】and click 【Modify】.
Step 3. Enter appropriate settings.
Step 4. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications
253
Removing PPTP Client
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
Step 2. In the【PPTP Client】window, find the PPTP client that you want to modify. Click
【Configure】and click 【remove】.
Step 3. Click OK to remove the PPTP client or click Cancel to exit without removal.
254
Log
The Multi-Homing Gateway supports traffic logging and event logging to monitor and
record services, connection times, and the source and destination network address.
The Administrator may also download the log files for backup purposes. The
Administrator mainly uses the Log menu to monitor the traffic passing through the
Multi-Homing Gateway .
What is Log?
Log records all connections that pass through the Multi-Homing Gateway Gateway’s
control policies. Traffic log’s parameters are setup when setting up control policies.
Traffic logs record the details of packets such as the start and stop time of connection,
the duration of connection, the source address, the destination address and services
requested, for each control policy. Event logs record the contents of System
Configuration changes made by the Administrator such as the time of change,
settings that change, the IP address used to log on, etc.
How to use the Log
The Administrator can use the log data to monitor and manage the device and the networks.
The Administrator can view the logged data to evaluate and troubleshoot the network, such as
pinpointing the source of traffic congestions.
255
Traffic Log
The Administrator queries the Multi-Homing Gateway for information, such as source address,
destination address, start time, and Protocol port, of all connections.
Entering the Traffic Log window
Click the Traffic Log option under Log menu to enter the Traffic Log window.
Traffic Log Table
The table in the Traffic Log window displays current System statuses:
Time: The start time of the connection.
Source: IP address of the source network of the specific connection.
Destination: IP address of the destination network of the specific connection.
Protocol & Port: Protocol type and Port number of the specific connection.
Disposition: Accept or Deny.
256
Downloading the Traffic Logs
The Administrator can backup the traffic logs regularly by downloading it to the computer.
Step 1. In the Traffic Log window, click the Download Logs button at the bottom of the
screen.
Step 2. Follow the File Download pop-up window to save the traffic logs into a specified
directory on the hard drive.
257
Clearing the Traffic Logs
The Administrator may clear on-line logs to keep just the most updated logs on the screen.
Step 1. In the Traffic Log window, click the Clear Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
Step 2. In the Clear Logs pop-up box, click Ok to clear the logs or click Cancel to cancel it.
258
Event Log
When the Multi-Homing Gateway detects events, the Administrator can get the details, such
as time and description of the events from the Event Logs.
Entering the Event Log window
Click the Event Log option under the Log menu and the Event Log window will appear.
The table in the Event Log window displays the time and description of the events.
Time: time when the event occurred.
Event: description of the event.
259
Downloading the Event Logs
Step 1. In the Event Log window, click the Download Logs button at the bottom of the
screen.
Step 2. Follow the File Download pop-up window to save the event logs into a
specific directory on the hard drive.
260
Clearing the Event Logs
The Administrator may clear on-line event logs to keep just the most updated logs on the
screen.
Step 1. In the Event Log window, click the Clear Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
Step 2. In the Clear Logs pop-up box, click OK to clear the logs or click Cancel to cancel it.
261
Connection Log
Click Log in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-selection
Connection Log.
Definition:
Time:The start and end time of connection.
Connection Log:Event description during connection.
262
Download Logs
Step 1. Click Log in the menu bar on the left hand side and then select the sub-selection
Connection Log.
Step 2. In Connection Log window, click the Download Logs button.
Step 3. In the Download Logs window, save the logs to the specified location.
263
Clear Logs
Step 1. Click Log in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-selection
Connection Logs.
Step 2. In Connection Log window, click the Clear Logs button.
Step 3. In Clear Logs window, click OK to clear the logs or click Cancel to discard
changes.
264
Log Backup
The Log Backup
Step 1.
Click Log
Log Backup.
Step 2.
Log Mail Configuration:When the Log Mail files accumulated up to 300Kbytes,
router will notify administrator by email with the traffic log and event log.。
Note: Before enabling this function, you have to enable E-mail Alarm in
Administrator.
Syslog Settings:If you enable this function, system will transmit the Traffic Log
and the Event Log simultaneously to the server which supports Syslog function.
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Enable Log Mail Support & Syslog Message
Log Mail Configuration /Enable Log Mail Support
Step 1. Firstly, go to Admin –Select Enable E-mail Alert Notification under E-Mail
Settings. Enter the e-mail address to receive the alarm notification. Click OK.
Step 2. Go to LOG Log Backup. Check to enable Log Mail Support. Click OK.
System Settings/Enable Syslog Message
Step 3. Check to enable Syslog Message. Enter the Host IP Address and Host Port number
to receive the Syslog message.
Step 4. Click OK.
266
Disable Log Mail Support & Syslog Message
Step 1.
Step 2.
Go to LOG
Go to LOG
Log Backup. Uncheck to disable Log Mail Support. Click OK.
Log Backup. Uncheck to disable Settings Message. Click OK.
267
268
Alarm
In this chapter, the Administrator can view traffic alarms and event alarms that occur and the
Multi-Homing Gateway has logged.
Multi-Homing Gateway has two alarms: Traffic Alarm and Event Alarm.
Traffic alarm:
In control policies, the Administrator set the threshold value for traffic alarm. The System
regularly checks whether the traffic for a policy exceeds its threshold value and adds a record
to the traffic alarm file if it does.
Event alarm:
When Multi-Homing Gateway detects attacks from hackers, it writes attacking data in the
event alarm file and sends an e-mail alert to the Administrator to take emergency steps.
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Traffic Alarm
Entering the Traffic Alarm window
Click the Traffic Alarm option below Alarm menu to enter the Traffic Alarm window.
The table in the Traffic Alarm window displays the current traffic alarm logs for connections.
Time: The start and stop time of the specific connection.
Source: Name of the source network of the specific connection.
Destination: Name of the destination network of the specific connection.
Service: Service of the specific connection.
Traffic: Traffic (in Kbytes/Sec) of the specific connection.
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Downloading the Traffic Alarm Logs
The Administrator can back up traffic alarm logs regularly and download it to a file on the
computer.
Step 1. In the Traffic Alarm window, click the Download Logs button on the bottom of the
screen.
Step 2. Follow the File Download pop-up box to save the traffic alarm logs into specific
directory on the hard drive.
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Clearing the Traffic Alarm Logs
Step 1.
In the Traffic Alarm window, click the Clear Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
Step 2. In the Clear Logs pop-up box, click Ok to clear the logs or click Cancel to cancel.
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Event Alarm
Entering the Event Alarm window
Click the Event Alarm option below the Alarm menu to enter the Event Alarm window.
The table in Event Alarm window displays current traffic alarm logs for connections.
Time: log time.
Event: event descriptions.
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Downloading the Event Alarm Logs
The Administrator can back up event alarm logs regularly by downloading it to a file on the
computer.
Step 1. In the Event Alarm window, click the Download Logs button at the bottom of the
screen.
Step 2. Follow the File Download pop-up box to save the event alarm logs into specific
directory on the hard drive.
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Clearing Event Alarm Logs
The Administrator may clear on-line logs to keep the most updated logs on the screen.
Step 1. In the Event Alarm window, click the Clear Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
Step 2. In the Clear Logs pop-up box, click OK.
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Statistics
In this chapter, the Administrator queries the Multi-Homing Gateway for statistics of packets
and data which passes across the Multi-Homing Gateway. The statistics provides the
Administrator with information about network traffics and network loads.
What is Statistics
Statistics are the statistics of packets that pass through the Multi-Homing Gateway by control
policies setup by the Administrator.
How to use Statistics
The Administrator can get the current network condition from statistics, and use the
information provided by statistics as a basis to mange networks.
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WAN Statistics
Step 1. Click Statistics in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select WAN
Statistics.
Step 2. The WAN Statistics will be displayed.
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Entering the Statistics window by Time
The Statistics window displays the statistics of network connections (downstream and
upstream as well) by minute, hour, or day.
All WAN Interface : Displays statistics of WAN 1/2 network connections (downstream and
upstream as well) in a total amount by minute, hour or day.
Step 1. Click Statistics in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select WAN
Statistics.
Step 2. In Statistics window, find the domain name you want to view.
Step 3. In the Statistics window, find the network you want to view and click Minute on the
right hand side, and then you will be able to view the Statistics figure every
minute; click Hour to view the Statistics figure every hour; click Day to view the
Statistics figure every day.
Real-Time: Real display Download speed (KBytes/Sec) and Upload speed (KBytes/Sec)
Y-Coordinate:Network Traffic(Kbytes/Sec).
X-Coordinate:Time(Hour/Minute/Day).
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Policy Statistics
Entering the Statistics window
Step 1.
The Statistics window displays the statistics of current network connections.
Source: the name of source address.
Destination: the name of destination address.
Service: the service requested.
Action: permit or deny
Time: viewable by minutes, hours, or days
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Entering the Policy Satistics
Step 1. Click Statistics in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select WAN
Statistics.
Step 2. In Statistics window, find the domain name you want to view
Step 3. In the Statistics window, find the network you want to view and click Minute on the
right hand side, and then you will be able to view the Statistics figure every
minute; click Hour to view the Statistics figure every hour; click Day to view the
Statistics figure every day.
Real-Time: Real display Download speed (KBytes/Sec) and Upload speed (KBytes/Sec)
Y-Coordinate:Network Traffic(Kbytes/Sec).
X-Coordinate:Time(Hour/Minute/Day).
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Status
In this section, the device displays the status information about the Multi-Homing Gateway.
Status will display the network information from the Configuration menu. The Administrator
may also use Status to check the DHCP lease time and MAC addresses for computers
connected to the Multi-Homing Gateway.
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Interface Status
Entering the Interface Status window
Click on Status in the menu bar, then click Interface Status below it. A window will appear
providing information from the Configuration menu. Interface Status will list the settings
for LAN Interface, WAN 1/2 Interface, and the DMZ Interface.
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ARP Table
Entering the ARP Table window
Click on Status in the menu bar, then click ARP Table below it. A window will appear
displaying a table with IP addresses and their corresponding MAC addresses. For each
computer on the LAN, WAN 1/2/3/4, and DMZ network that replies to an ARP packet, the
device will list them in this ARP table.
IP Address: The IP address of the host computer
MAC Address: The MAC address of that host computer
Interface: The port that the host computer is connected to (LAN, WAN 1/2/3/4, DMZ)
285
DHCP Clients
Entering the DHCP Clients window
Click on Status in the menu bar, then click on DHCP Clients below it. A window will appear
displaying the table of DHCP clients that are connected to the device. The table will list host
computers on the LAN network that obtain its IP address from the Multi-Homing Gateway’s
DHCP server function.
IP Address: the IP address of the LAN host computer
MAC Address: MAC address of the LAN host computer
Leased Time: The Start and End time of the DHCP lease for the LAN host computer.
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Setup Examples
Example 1:
Allow the LAN network to be able to access the Internet
Example 2:
The LAN network can only access Yahoo.com website
Example 3:
Outside users can access the LAN FTP server through Virtual Servers
Example 4:
Install a server inside the LAN network and have the Internet (WAN 1) users
access the server through IP Mapping
Please see the explanation of the examples below:
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Example 1:Allow the LAN network to be able to access the Internet
Step 1
Enter the Outgoing window under the Policy menu.
Step 2
Click the New Entry button on the bottom of the screen.
Step 3
In the Add New Policy window, enter each parameter, then click OK.
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Step 4
When the following screen appears, the setup is completed.
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Example 2: The LAN network can only access Yahoo.com website.
Step 1. Enter the WAN window under the Address menu.
Step 2. Click the New Entry button.
Step 3. In the Add New Address window, enter relating parameters.
Step 4. Click OK to end the address table setup.
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Step 5. Go to the Outgoing window under the Policy menu.
Step 6.
Click the New Entry button.
Step 7.
In the Add New Policy window, enter corresponding parameters. Click OK.
Step 8.
When the following screen appears, the setup is completed.
291
Example 3:Outside users can access the LAN FTP server through Virtual
Servers
Step 1.
Enter Virtual Server under the Virtual Server menu.
Step 2. Click the ‘click here to configure’ button.
Step 3. Select an WAN 1/2 IP address, then click OK.
Step 4.
Click the New Service button on the bottom of the screen.
Step 5.
Add the FTP service pointing to the LAN server IP address.
Step 6.
Click OK.
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Step 7. A new Virtual Service should appear.
Step 8.
Go to the Incoming window under the Policy menu, then click on the New Entry
button.
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Step 9. In the Add New Policy window, set each parameter, then click OK.
Step 10.
An Incoming FTP policy should now be created.
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Example 4:Install a server inside the LAN network and have the Internet
(WAN 1) users access the server through IP Mapping
Step 1.
Enter the Mapped IP window under the Virtual Server menu.
Step 2. Click the New Entry button.
Step 3. In the Add New IP Mapping window, enter each parameter, and then click OK.
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Step 4. When the following screen appears, the IP Mapping setup is completed.
Step 5. Go to the Incoming window under the Policy menu.
Step 6. Click the New Entry button.
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Step 7. In the Add New Policy window, set each parameter, then click OK.
Step 8. Open all the services. (ANY)
Step 9. The setup is completed.
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