7i76 manual

7I76 STEP/DIR PLUS I/O DAUGHTERCARD
V1.22
Table of Contents
GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
HARDWARE CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VIN POWER SOURCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CABLE 5V POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SETUP/OPERATE MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENCODER INPUT MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
2
2
2
2
CONNECTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7I76 CONNECTOR LOCATIONS AND DEFAULT JUMPER POSITIONS . . . .
HOST INTERFACE CONNECTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TB2 STEP AND DIR CONNECTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3
4
5
TB3 STEP/DIR, ENCODER AND RS-422 CONNECTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
TB4 SPINDLE CONNECTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
FIELD INPUT/OUTPUT CONNECTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
TB6 PINOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
TB5 PINOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
FIELD POWER CONNECTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOST INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STEP/DIR INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-422 INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENCODER INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPINDLE INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPINDLE ISOLATED OUTPUTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STATUS LEDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
iii
Table of Contents
OPERATION
FIELD I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIELD AND VIN POWER SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIELD OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHY SOURCING OUTPUTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAXIMUM PER CHIP CURRENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VOLTAGE CLAMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIELD INPUT CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHY SINKING INPUTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ANALOG INPUTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIELD VOLTAGE MONITORING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATCHDOG AND FAULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIELD I/O PARAMETERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NON-VOLATILE FIELD I/O PARAMETERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OPERATE MODE BAUD RATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATCHDOG TIMEOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RPD, WPD, AND UFLBP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOFTWARE PROCESS DATA MODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
16
16
16
17
18
iv
Table of Contents
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REGISTER MAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROCESS INTERFACE REGISTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COMMAND REGISTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COMMAND REGISTER WRITE IGNORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DATA REGISTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCAL READ OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCAL WRITE OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCAL PARAMETERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NORMAL START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STOP ALL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STOP INDIVIDUAL CHANNELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DOIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PER CHANNEL INTERFACE DATA REGISTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PER CHANNEL CONTROL AND STATUS REGISTERS . . . . . . . . . .
REMOTE MODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INTERFACE AND CS REGISTER CONTENTS AT START . . . . . . . . .
CS REGISTER AFTER START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CS REGISTER AFTER DOIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROCESS DATA DISCOVERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROCESS TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROCESS DATA DESCRIPTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROCESS DATA DESCRIPTOR FIELDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RECORD_TYPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DATA_LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DATA_TYPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DATA_DIRECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PARAMETER_MIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PARAMETER_MAX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UNIT_STRING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NAME_STRING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NUMERIC PROCESS DATA SCALING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MODE DESCRIPTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MODE TYPES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROCESS ELEMENT PACKING AND UNPACKING . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7I76 SPECIFIC PROCESS DATA EXAMPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NORMAL MODE OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SETUP START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SETUP MODE OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REMOTE READ EXAMPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REMOTE WRITE EXAMPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DISCOVERY SEQUENCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
19
19
19
20
20
21
21
21
22
23
24
24
24
25
25
25
25
27
27
28
28
29
29
29
29
30
30
30
30
31
31
31
31
31
32
33
35
36
36
36
37
38
v
Table of Contents
REFERENCE INFORMATION
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
LBP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LBP DATA READ/WRITEWCOMMAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXAMPLE COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCAL LBP COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCAL LBP READ COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCAL LBP WRITE COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RPC COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXAMPLE RPC COMMAND LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIAL RPCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRAMING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SSERIAL REMOTE RPCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DRAWINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
41
42
43
43
45
45
47
48
48
48
49
50
52
vi
GENERAL
DESCRIPTION
The 7I76 is daughtercard/breakout board for use with MESA's 25 pin I/O FPGA
cards like the 5I25. The 7I76 is designed for interfacing up to 5 Axis of step &dir step
motor or servo motor drives and also provides a spindle encoder interface, isolated analog
spindle speed control and 48 isolated I/O points for general purpose field I/O use.
All step and direction outputs are buffered 5V signals that can drive 24 mA. All
outputs support differential mode to reduce susceptibility to noise. An isolated analog
spindle voltage with direction and enable outputs is provided for spindle control as is a
single spindle encoder channel with TTL or differential inputs.
48 points of isolated field I/O are provided for general control use including limit
switch and control panel inputs, coolant enable and tool changer control outputs. Isolated
I/O includes 32 sinking inputs and 16 sourcing outputs. Inputs can sense 5V to 32V signals
and the outputs can switch 5V through 32V signals. Maximum output load is 300 mA.
Outputs are short circuit protected. Field I/O is powered by an isolated 8-32V field power
source.
One RS-422 interface is provided for I/O expansion via a serial I/O daughtercard.
All field wiring is terminated in pluggable 3.5 mm screw terminal blocks.
7I76 1
HARDWARE CONFIGURATION
GENERAL
Hardware setup jumper positions assume that the 7I76 card is oriented in an upright
position, that is, with the host interface DB25 connector pointing towards the left.
VIN POWER SOURCE
The isolated field I/O on the 7I76 runs from a switching power supply that can be
powered by field power or a separate supply (VIN) with ground common with field power.
Normally the 7I76's VIN will be powered with field power. An on card jumper, W1 allows
VIN to be connected to field power. If you wish to use a single power supply for the 7I76s
field outputs and field logic power, W1 should be placed in the left hand position. This
connects field power to VIN. If you wish to use a separate supply for VIN, W1 Should be
placed in the right hand position.
CABLE 5V POWER
The 7I76 can get its 5V encoder, step/dir and serial interface power from the host
interface card if desired. W2 determines if the 7I76 gets this 5V power from the host FPGA
card. If W2 is in the left hand position, host cable power is used. If W2 is in the right hand
position, 5V power must be supplied to the 7I76 via TB3. This option must be set to match
the cable power option of the host FPGA card. If the FPGA card supplies 5V, W2 must be
in the left hand position. If the FPGA card does not supply 5V, W2 must be in the right
hand position. Never apply external 5V power to the 7I76's TB3 connector when W2
is in the left hand position or you may damage the 7I76, FPGA card, PC, or
connecting cable.
SETUP/OPERATE MODE
The 7I76 can run in setup mode or operate mode. In setup mode, the serial
interface baud rate is fixed at 115.2K baud. In the operate mode, the baud rate is set to
2.5M baud (default). Setup mode enables a normal PC to communicate with the 7I76 for
setup purposes. W3 controls the setup/operate mode selection.T W3 must be in the
"operate" mode for normal operation.
W3
MODE
BAUD RATE
LEFT
Operate mode
2.5M baud (default, can be changed)
RIGHT
Setup Mode
115.2K baud (fixed)
ENCODER INPUT MODE
The 7I76s high speed encoder input can be programmed for differential or single
ended mode operation. W4, W5 and W6 set the encoder input mode. When W4,W5,and
W6 are in the right hand position, the encoder input is mode is differential. When W4,W5,
and W6 are in the left hand position, the encoder input mode is single ended or "TTL".
7I76 2
CONNECTORS
7I76 CONNECTOR LOCATIONS AND DEFAULT JUMPER POSITIONS
7I76 3
CONNECTORS
P1 HOST INTERFACE CONNECTOR
P1 is the DB25F connector on the 7I76 that connects to the FPGA card. Actual pin
functions depend on FPGA configuration but signal directions must be observed.
DB25 PIN
GPIO FUNCT
DIR
DB25 PIN
GPIO FUNC
DIR
1
IO0
DIR0
OUT
14
IO1
STEP0
OUT
2
IO2
DIR1
OUT
15
IO3
STEP1
OUT
3
IO4
DIR2
OUT
16
IO5
STEP2
OUT
4
IO6
DIR3
OUT
17
IO7
STEP3
OUT
5
IO8
DIR4
OUT
18
GND
6
IO9
STEP4
OUT
19
GND
7
IO10 SS0TX
OUT
20
GND
8
IO11 SS0RX
IN
21
GND
9
IO12 SS1TX
OUT
22
GND or 5V
10
IO13 SS1RX
IN
23
GND or 5V
11
IO14 ENCI
IN
24
GND or 5V
12
IO15 ENCB
IN
25
GND or 5V
13
IO16 ENCA
IN
Notes
1. If jumper W2 is is the left hand position, pins 22 through 25 are 5V, if W2 is in the right
hand position, Pins 22 through 25 are GND.
2. GPIO pins are for first FPGA connector, next connector series begins at GPIO17
3. Signal directions are relative to FPGA card, that is, an ‘OUT’ signal is an output from the
FPGA card that drives the 7I76. Conversely an ‘IN’ signal is a FPGA input that is driven
by the 7I76.
7I76 4
CONNECTORS
TB2 STEP AND DIR CONNECTOR
TB2 is the 7I76s main step and direction output connector. Both polarities of step
and direction signals are provided. Each channel on the interface uses 6 pins. TB2 is a 3.5
MM pluggable terminal block with supplied removable screw terminal plugs.
TB2 CONNECTOR PINOUT
TB2 PIN
SIGNAL
TB2 PIN
SIGNAL
1
GND
13
GND
2
STEP0-
14
STEP2-
3
STEP0+
15
STEP2+
4
DIR0-
16
DIR2-
5
DIR0+
17
DIR2+
6
+5VP
18
+5VP
7
GND
19
GND
8
STEP1-
20
STEP3-
9
STEP1+
21
STEP3+
10
DIR1-
22
DIR3-
11
DIR1+
23
DIR3+
12
+5VP
24
+5VP
Note: 5VP pins are PTC short circuit protected 5V output pins for field wiring.
7I76 5
CONNECTORS
TB3 STEP/DIR, ENCODER AND RS-422 CONNECTOR
TB3 has a mix of signals including step/dir channel 4, an encoder interface, a RS422 interface, and 5V power supply terminals TB3 is a 24 terminal 3.5 MM pluggable
terminal block with supplied removable screw terminal plugs.
TB3 CONNECTOR PINOUT
TB3 PIN
SIGNAL
TB3 PIN
SIGNAL
1
GND
13
IDX+
2
STEP4-
14
IDX-
3
STEP4+
15
GND
4
DIR4-
16
RS-422 RX+
5
DIR4+
17
RS-422 RX-
6
+5VP
18
RS-422 TX+
7
ENCA+
19
RS-422 TX-
8
ENCA-
20
+5VP
9
GND
21
+5V
5V supply power
10
ENCB+
22
+5V
5V supply power
11
ENCB-
23
GND
12
+5VP
24
GND
Note: 5VP pins are PTC short circuit protected 5V output pins for field wiring.
7I76 6
CONNECTORS
TB4 SPINDLE CONNECTOR
TB4 is the spindle drive interface with isolated analog output and control signals for
a spindle interface.TB4 is a 8 terminal 3.5 MM pluggable terminal block with supplied
removable screw terminal plugs.
TB4 PINOUT
TB4 PIN
SIGNAL
1
SPINDLE-
2
SPINDLE OUT
3
SPINDLE+
4
NC
5
SPINDLE ENA-
6
SPINDLE ENA+
7
SPINDLE DIR-
8
SPINDLE DIR+
7I76 7
CONNECTORS
FIELD INPUT/OUTPUT CONNECTORS
Terminal blocks TB6 and TB5 are the 7I76s field input and output terminals. Inputs
0 through 15 and outputs 0 through 7 are terminated at TB6. Inputs 16 through 31 and
outputs 8 through 15 are terminated at TB5. TB6 and TB5 are 3.5 MM pluggable terminal
block with supplied removable screw terminal plugs. Pin one is at the bottom edge of the
7I76 card.
TB6 CONNECTOR PINOUT
TB6 PIN
I/O
TB6 PIN
I/O
1
INPUT0
13
INPUT12
2
INPUT1
14
INPUT13
3
INPUT2
15
INPUT14
4
INPUT3
16
INPUT15
5
INPUT4
17
OUTPUT0
6
INPUT5
18
OUTPUT1
7
INPUT6
19
OUTPUT2
8
INPUT7
20
OUTPUT3
9
INPUT8
21
OUTPUT4
10
INPUT9
22
OUTPUT5
11
INPUT10
23
OUTPUT6
12
INPUT11
24
OUTPUT7
7I76 8
CONNECTORS
FIELD INPUT/OUTPUT CONNECTORS
TB5 CONNECTOR PINOUT
TB5 PIN
OUTPUT
TB5 PIN
OUTPUT
1
INPUT16
13
INPUT28
2
INPUT17
14
INPUT29
3
INPUT18
15
INPUT30
4
INPUT19
16
INPUT31
5
INPUT20
17
OUTPUT8
6
INPUT21
18
OUTPUT9
7
INPUT22
19
OUTPUT10
8
INPUT23
20
OUTPUT11
9
INPUT24
21
OUTPUT12
10
INPUT25
22
OUTPUT13
11
INPUT26
23
OUTPUT14
12
INPUT27
24
OUTPUT15
7I76 9
CONNECTORS
FIELD POWER CONNECTOR
TB1 is the 7I76s field power connector. TB1 pinout is as follows:
TB1 PIN
SIGNAL
FUNCTION
1
VFIELD
FIELD POWER 8-32V
2
VFIELD
FIELD POWER 8-32V
3
VFIELD
FIELD POWER 8-32V
4
VFIELD
FIELD POWER 8-32V
5
VIN
LOGIC POWER 8-32V
6
NC
7
NC
8
GROUND
(Bottom pin)
VIN, VFIELD, COMMON (Top pin)
Note: When W1 is in the default left hand position, VIN is connected to VFIELD, so only
VFIELD need be supplied to the 7I76 to power its field IO.
7I76 10
OPERATION
HOST INTERFACE
The 7I76 is intended to operate with a FPGA card with parallel port pinout like the
Mesa 5I25 or 6I25. The FPGA card supports the step/dir, encoder, and smart serial
interface used by the field I/O and spindle interface and expansion RS-422 port. The FPGA
card can also supply 5V power to the 7I76.
STEP/DIR INTERFACE
The 7I76 provides five channels of step/dir interface with buffered 5V differential
signal pairs. Each differential pair consists of two complementary 5V outputs. The
differential signals allows reliable signal transmission in noisy environments and can
directly interface with RS-422 line receivers. Step motor drives with single ended inputs
connect to just one of the STEP and DIR signal outputs, that is either the STEP+/DIR+ or
STEP-/DIR- signals, with the unused signals left unconnected at the 7I76. The input
common signal on drives with single ended inputs connects to the 7I76s GND or 5VP pins
depending on the drive type.
RS-422 INTERFACE
The 7I76 has one RS-422 interface available on TB3. This interface is intended for
I/O expansion with Mesa SSERIAL devices. The easiest way to make a cable for
interfacing the 7I76 to these devices is to take a standard CAT5 or CAT6 cable, cut it in
half, and wire the individual wires to the 7I76 screw terminals. The following chart gives the
CAT5 to 7I76 screw terminal connections (EIA/TIA 568B colors shown):
TB3 PIN
SIGNAL
DIRECTION
CAT5 PINS CAT5 568B COLOR
15
GND
FROM 7I76
4,5
BLUE, BLUE / WHITE
16
RX+
TO 7I76
6
GREEN
17
RX-
TO 7I76
3
GREEN / WHITE
18
TX+
FROM 7I76
2
ORANGE
19
TX-
FROM 7I76
1
ORANGE / WHITE
20
+5V
FROM 7I76
7,8
BROWN / WHITE,BROWN
Note: The 6 pin terminal block requires the +5V (brown and brown/white) and ground (blue
and blue/white) pairs to be terminated in single screw terminal positions.
7I76 11
OPERATION
ENCODER INTERFACE
The 7I76 provide a one channel encoder interface with index. This is intended as
a spindle encoder but can be used for other purposes. The encoder input can be
programmed for differential or single ended encoders. The encoder interface also provides
short circuit protected 5V power to the encoder. When used with single ended encoders,
the ENCA+, ENCB+ and IDX+ signals are wired to the encoder and the ENCA-,ENCB-,
and IDX- terminal left unconnected.
SPINDLE INTERFACE
The 7I76 provides one analog output for spindle control. The analog output is a
isolated potentiometer replacement type device. It functions like a potentiometer with
SPINDLE + being one end of the potentiometer, SPINDLEOUT being the wiper and
SPINDLE- being the other end. The voltage on SPINDLEOUT can be set to any voltage
between SPINDLE- and SPINDLE+. Polarity and voltage range must always be observed
for proper operation. The voltage supplied between SPINDLE+ and SPINDLE- must be
between 5VDC an 15VDC with SPINDLE + always being more positive than SPINDLE-.
Because the analog output is isolated, bipolar output is possible, for example with
SPINDLE+ connected to 5V and SPINDLE- connected to -5V, a +-5V analog output range
is created. In this case the spindle output must be offset so that 50% of full scale is output
when a 0V output is required. Note that if bipolar output is used, the output will be forced
to SPINDLE- at startup or when SPINENA is false.
SPINDLE ISOLATED OUTPUTS
The 7I76 provides 2 isolated outputs for use for spindle direction control, and
spindle enable. These outputs are OPTO coupler Darlington transistors. They are all
isolated from one another so can be used for pull up or pull-down individually. They will
switch a maximum of 50 mA at 0 to 100 VDC. The SPINENA output is special as it uses
the same signal that enables the analog output. When the analog output is enabled, the
SPINENA OPTO output is on.
STATUS LEDS
The 7I76 has two yellow status LEDs for power monitoring, CR1 and CR2. CR1 on
the top left side of the 7I76 monitors 5V power. CR2 on the top right side of the 7I76
monitors field power. Both LEDs must be illuminated for normal operation.
7I76 12
OPERATION
FIELD I/O
The 7I76 has a 32 input, 16 output isolated field I/O system to support a wide range
of input and output devices. The isolated I/O is intended for low voltage DC control
systems (commonly 24VDC). Inputs are sinking type. That is they sense positive input
voltages relative to field ground. Output are sourcing type, that is they supply field power
to field ground referred loads.
VIN AND FIELD POWER SUPPLY
The 7I76 field I/O runs from field power supplies of 5 to 32 VDC. Field power
supplies the power to the 7I76 outputs and with the default settings, determines the 7I76
input thresholds.
VIN power runs the field I/O processor and normally is connected to field power.
VIN must be greater than 8V for proper operation. This means VIN must come from a
separate source if 5V field voltage is used. Power consumption is approximately 600 mW
or 25 mA at 24V. VIN power must be present for the 7I76 field I/O to be detected and
operate. Field voltages that are too high or too low will cause faults.
FIELD OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
The 7I76 field outputs are high side or sourcing type MOSFET drivers, that is they
source positive voltage to a ground referred load. For example with a standard 24V field
power, +24V connects to the 7I76s field power input (on TB1) and the outputs on TB5 and
TB6 now source +24V power to loads. All 7I76 loads will have one side returned to ground
or the negative lead of the 24V supply. The 7I76s outputs can drive loads of up to 350 mA.
WHY SOURCING OUTPUTS
Sourcing type outputs were chosen for the 7I76 because sourcing type field wiring
is less likely to cause inadvertent device actuation from the most likely type of field wiring
problem which is a short to ground.
SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION
The 7I76s outputs have short circuit protection and will turn off if short circuit current
exceeds approximately 800 mA. The 7I76 firmware will detect this condition, disable the
affected output and indicate a fault.
OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION
The output driver chips detect over temperature conditions. If the 7I76 detects a
driver chip with a over temperature warning flag asserted, it will disable the affected chip
and indicate a fault.
7I76 13
OPERATION
FIELD OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
MAXIMUM PER CHIP CURRENT
Because of thermal limitations there is a maximum per driver chip total current of
1.4 amps continuous. Each driver chip connects to 8 sequential outputs. If this limit is
exceeded, the driver chip may go into thermal shutdown.
VOLTAGE CLAMPS
The output driver chips used on the 7I76 have built in Zener diode clamps to clamp
inductive turn-off (fly-back) spikes. This means that flyback diodes are not normally
required on small (less than 60 mA) inductive loads. If high current inductive loads are
switched or inductive loads are switched at high frequencies, they must have
flyback diodes to limit power dissipation in the 7I76's driver chips.
FIELD INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
The 7I76 field inputs have a nominal input resistance of 10K Ohms to field power
ground. 7I76 inputs sense positive input voltages above a preset threshold. For best
general purpose use, default input threshold is 50% of the field power supply voltage with
10% hysteresis. That is with a 24V field voltage an input must be brought to 60% of 24V
= 14.4V to be sensed as high and then brought to 40% of 24V = 9.6V to be sensed as low.
These accurate thresholds and hysteresis allow high speed field signal detection while
maintaining excellent noise immunity.
WHY SINKING INPUTS
7I76 field inputs are of the sinking type. That is, external power must be applied to
the input to register as activated. This mode was chosen so that accidental grounding of
an input will not register as an activated input.
It is suggested that inputs like limit switches use normally closed switches with one
switch leg connected to field power and the other to the 7I76 input pin, so the normal
machine state (not at limits) is to have the inputs activated. This way, a open switch wire
or wire shorted to ground will cause a detectable machine fault.
ANALOG INPUTS
All field input pins are capable of reading the input voltage. These are not highly
accurate or high resolution but can be useful for things like potentiometer inputs. Input
resolution is 8 bits and input full scale value is 36.3V. Accuracy is +-5%. Software process
data modes 1 and 2 allow reading the analog voltage on inputs 0 through 3, in addition to
the 32 digital bit inputs.
FIELD VOLTAGE MONITORING
The 7I76 monitors the field voltage and can send this information to the host in
some modes. If separate VIN is supplied to the 7I76, the 7I76 can report loss of field
voltage to the host.
7I76 14
OPERATION
FIELD I/O WATCHDOG AND FAULTS
The 7I76 has a watchdog timer that will set all set a fault flag if host communication
does not occur at a minimum rate. Default watchdog time is 50 mS which means if not
accessed at a greater than 20 Hz rate, the watchdog will bite and disable the outputs.
When a fault flag is set, outputs can not longer be set and the host must first clear
the fault before normal operation can continue. This is also the 7I76s startup condition,
meaning the host must first clear the fault before starting normal operation. This is
normally handled by SSLBP.
FIELD I/O PARAMETERS
The 7I76 has several user settable parameters, but normally only a very few need
be changed in normal operation.
PARAMETER
TYPE
FUNCTION
NVBAUDRATE
UINT
Sets operate mode baudrate
NVUNITNUMBER
ULONG
Non-volatile unit number
UNITNUMBER
ULONG
Working unit number
NVWATCHDOGTIME
UINT
Non-volatile watchdog time in mS
WATCHDOGTIME
UINT
Working watchdog time in ms
OUTPUT
UINT
16 bits of output data
INPUT
ULONG
32 bits of input data
FAULT
UINT
7I76 fault register
STATUS
UINT
7I76 status register
7I76 15
OPERATION
NON-VOLATILE FIELD I/O PARAMETERS
All non volatile parameters start with the letters NV. Non-volatile parameters are
stored permanently in the processors EEPROM and are copied to the volatile working
parameters at power-up. Because of this, non-volatile parameters only take affect after a
7I76 power cycle.
OPERATE MODE BAUD RATE
The operate mode baud rate default is 2.5 MBaud. This should not be changed
unless needed for non-standard applications. Baud rates are selected by writing an index
value to the NVBAUDRATE parameter. The index numbers for available baud rates are
as follows:
INDEX
BAUD
INDEX
BAUD
INDEX
BAUD
0
9600B
1
19200B
2
38400B
3
57600B
4
115200B
5
230400B
6
460800B
7
921600B
8
1.25MB
9
2.5MB*
10
5MB
11
10MB
WATCHDOG TIMEOUT
The default watchdog period is 50 mS but can be set to different periods to suit the
application. Watchdog timeout units are mS. A watchdog timeout value of 0 will disable the
watchdog. The watch dog is a safety feature and should normally not be disabled nor set
to long timeout periods unless the consequences of loss of control of outputs is not
important. The non-volatile watchdog timeout is set via the NVWATCHDOGTIMEOUT
parameter. The working watchdog timeout is set with the WATCHDOGTIME parameter.
.
7I76 16
OPERATION
RPD, WPD, AND UFLBP
The RPD, WPD, and UFLBP are command line utilities allow reading and writing
volatile and non-volatile 7I76 parameters, and updating the firmware on the 7I76 To use
these utilities on most operating systems, the 7I76 must be in the setup mode or the
operate mode baud rate must be 115200 KBaud or less
RPD, WPD, and UFLBP need environment variables preset before they will work.
For Windows and 115200 baud, the following environment variables should be set:
SET BAUDRATE=115200
SET BAUDRATEMUL=1
SET PROTOCOL=LBP
SET INTERFACE=OSDEVICE
Example setting NVWATCHDOGTIMEOUT to 100 ms:
WPD NVWATCHDOGTIME 100
Note this is permanent change in the 7I76s watchdog timeout and like all nonvolatile parameters, will only be applied after the 7I76 has been power cycled
Example reading 7I76 faults in Hexadecimal:
RPD FAULT H
Example of temporarily disabling watchdog and the setting every other output on:
WPD WATCHDOGTIME 0
WPD OUTPUT AAAAAAAAAAAA H
Example of updating 7I76 firmware with UFLBP
UFLBP 7I76.BIN
Note the 7I76 MUST be in setup mode for UFLBP to work properly.
7I76 17
OPERATION
SOFTWARE PROCESS DATA MODES
The 7I76 has three software selectable process data modes. These different modes
select different sets of 7I76 data to be transferred between the host and the 7I76 during
real time process data exchanges. For high speed applications, choosing the correct mode
can reduce the data transfer sizes, resulting in higher maximum update rates.
MODE 0
I/O only mode (32 bits of input data, 16 bit of output data)
MODE 1
I/O plus analog input mode (32 bits of input data, 16 bits of output data, 4
analog input channels)
MODE 2
I/O plus analog input and field voltage and MPG mode (32 bits of input data,
16 bits of output data, 4 analog input channels, field voltage analog in, and
2 MPG encoders on inputs 16..19). Default encoder count mode is 1X to
match normal 100 PPR MPGs. Encoder input threshold is fixed at 2.5V for
compatibility with 5V encoder outputs.
7I76 18
REFERENCE INFORMATION
Note that the following interface details presented here are not normally needed for
users, as all register level interface details are handed by the driver code. This information
is presented here for use by interface and driver developers.
SSLBP
GENERAL
SSLBP is a firmware option to HostMot2s SSERIAL serial interface that allows
simple communication to LBP based peripherals like the 7I76. SSERIAL is a part of the
HostMot2 motion interface firmware for MESA’s Anything-I/O FPGA cards.
REGISTER MAP
SSLBP has two global processor interface registers and four per channel remote
device interface registers. For more details on mapping of these registers in HostMot2
memory space, see the REGMAP file that is included with the HostMot2 source
distribution.
PROCESSOR INTERFACE REGISTERS
There are two processor interface registers, the COMMAND register and the DATA
register. These registers allow low level communication to SSLBP’s interface processor
for issuing global commands, discovery, and debug operations.
7I76 19
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
COMMAND REGISTER
The commands register is a 16 bit register (right justified in the 32 bit interface) with the
following format:
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
W
M
R
D
S
T
T
T
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
W = BIT 15 Write bit, set high for control data write commands
M = BIT 14
ROM enable/ reset bit, set high to reset processor / download ROM
R = BIT 13
Request bit, set high for read or write command
D = BIT 12
DoIt bit, set high for DoIt commands
S = BIT 11
Start/Stop bit, actual operation depends on T:
ST = 1,0,0,0
Stop LBP interface = 0x08NN
ST = 1,0,0,1
Start LBP interface in normal mode = 0x09NN S T =
1,1,1,1
Start LBP interface in setup mode
= 0x0FNN
N bits determine which channels start or do data transfer with remote device. A set
bit indicates that the corresponding channel will start or do a data transfer.
A command is started when written to the command register. Command completion
is signaled by the command register being cleared (to 0x0000) by the internal SSLBP
firmware. If the command register is read before the command is complete, it will reflect
the previously written command. The command register should not be written when nonzero or unpredictable behavior may result. There are two exceptions to this rule:
1. A STOP ALL command can always be written to reset the SSLBP interface.
2. Command writes with the ignore bit set can always be written (see below)
COMMAND REGISTER WRITE IGNORE
The command register has a feature that any command written with the MSB (bit
31) set will be ignored. This is for compatibility with DMA driven interfaces or any
interfaces that use a fixed address list for low level hardware access so cannot skip writes.
7I76 20
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
DATA REGISTER
SSLBP has a global 8 bit data register for debug and custom setup purposes. This
register allows access to internal SSLBP parameters. The data register is right justified in
the 32 bit Hostmot2 register.
LOCAL READ OPERATIONS
The sequence used for reading a local SSLBP variable is as follows:
1. The parameter address ORed with the Request bit (bit 13) is written to the command
register.
2. The host polls the command register until it reads as zero.
3. The host reads the parameter byte from the data register
LOCAL WRITE OPERATIONS
The sequence used for writing a local SSLBP variable is as follows:
1. The host polls the command register until it reads as zero.
2. The host writes the data byte to the data register
3. The host writes the command register with the the parameter address Ored with both
the Request bit (bit 13) and the Write bit (bit 15)
7I76 21
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
LOCAL PARAMETERS
There are a number of local SSLBP read only parameters that are useful for
interface software and drivers to access using the local read operations:
LOCAL PARAMETER
ADDRESS
DESCRIPTION
INTERFACE_TYPE
0x0000
0x12 for SSLBP
INTERFACE_WIDTH
0x0001
Data port width (8)
MAJORREV
0x0002
Major SSLBP firmware revision
MINORREV
0x0003
Minor SSLBP firmware revision
GP_INPUTS
0x0004
Number of GP input bits (0 for SSLBP)
GP_OUTPUTS
0x0005
Number of GP output bits (0 for SSLBP)
PROCESSOR_TYPE
0x0006
0xD8 for Dumb8
CHANNELS
0x0007
1 to 8 depending on configuration
7I76 22
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
NORMAL START
When the FPGA is first configured or after a STOP command, all local
communication, error and status parameters are initialized and all LBP communication
channels are idle. A normal START command begins to establish communications with
all remote LBP devices. A normal start command is issued by writing a Start bit with type
bits of 0,0,1 with a bit mask of the desired channels to start in the low byte, This is 0x9NN
hex where NN is the bitmask of channels to start. This command is written to the
command register to start the selected channels.
Once a start command has been issued, all channels that are selected in the bit
mask will be probed to determine if a LBP device exists. If a device exists on a channel,
the SSLBP firmware will acquire the device name, and device unit number, and pointers
to process data information from the remote device..
A normal start command also does a standard set of remote device setup
operations when it detects a remote device. This setup includes clearing any faults, setting
remote operational mode, and setting the outputs off. If no errors have occurred and all
faults are clearable, the SSLBP firmware enters a "chatter" loop where it repeatedly sends
output data of all 0's. This keeps the remote devices watchdog fed while waiting for the first
DOIT command.
When the command completes (the command register is clear), the data register
can be read to determine if all selected channels have started. A 1 bit in any position in the
data register indicates that the corresponding channel has failed to start. If a channel has
failed to start, more information about the failure can be determined by reading the CS
register of the failed channel.
Once a DOIT command has been executed, the firmware no longer "chatters" and
it becomes the responsibility of the host interface to continue sending DOIT commands at
a rate sufficient to feed the remote devices watchdog (faster than 20 Hz with the default
50 mS watchdog timeout period). If this is not done, the remote device’s watchdog will bite,
disabling its outputs and setting the fault flag. This will require a channel stop followed by
a channel start to resume normal operations.
7I76 23
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
STOP ALL
A STOPALL command is issued to stop all channel communication. STOPALL
resets all channel variables and should always be issued by a driver when initializing the
SSLBP interface. A STOPALL followed by a START command can be used after a fault
condition to re-establish communication with the remote LBP devices. Device discovery
is only done once when START command is issued to a STOPed SSLBP. This means that
if cabling, devices, or device hardware modes are are changed, a STOPALL command
followed by a START command must be issued by the host to detect the changes. A
STOPALL command is 0x0800.
STOP INDIVIDUAL CHANNELS
In addition to stopping all channels, a individual stop command can be issued. A
individual stop command include a bitmask of the channels to stop in the least significant
8 bits of the command (the N bits), that is a stop channel 1 command would be 0x802. The
intended use of individual stop is per channel error recovery. It should not be used for
normal interface startup as it does not reset channel variables, that is a 0x8FF command
(stop all individual channels) is not equivalent to a 0X800 (STOPALL) command.
DOIT
In normal operation SSLBP is designed to send host data from the interface
registers to the remote device and request data from the remote device for presentation
in the interface registers to the host. This SSLBP function is designed for high speed real
time operation. Synchronization with the host is accomplished with the DOIT command.
When the host writes a DOIT command,, all outgoing process data from the host
is sent to the remote devices and incoming process data is requested. Completion of the
DOIT command is signaled by SSLBP clearing the COMMAND register. A DOIT command
is completed when al requested channel transfers have completed or timed out. After the
completion of a successful DOIT command, the incoming process data from the remote
can be read.
A DOIT command contains the DOIT bit and an 8 bit mask in the 8 LSBs that
selects the channels that will be requested to transfer data. A DOIT should not be
requested on an inactive channel, that is a channel that did not start. After DOIT
command completion the data register will contain a bit mask of channel status data. If any
bit is set in the data register, it indicates a problem with the transfer (all zeros indicates
no faults or errors).
The data register contents returned after a DOIT command can be used to minimize
host access cycles by avoiding the need to read the per channel status registers. If
detailed fault information is desired, the CS register can be read on any channel that
shows a failed transfer.
7I76 24
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
PER CHANNEL INTERFACE DATA REGISTERS
SSLBP supports three 32 bit interface data registers per channel. These are called
interface register 0, interface register 1, and interface register 2. These are read/write
registers with independent incoming and outgoing data. These registers are used for both
setup/discovery data when starting a data link and process data once the link is running.
When a start command is issued and has successfully completed, per channel setup data
will be available in the interface registers.
PER CHANNEL CONTROL AND STATUS REGISTERS
SSLBP has a 32 bit control and status register for each channel. Like the interface
data registers, these registers are used both for data link startup information and for status
when the link is in operation.
REMOTE MODES
Some remote devices have software selectable modes that determine the specific
data transferred for each DOIT command. These modes are selected by writing the mode
number to the most significant byte of the remote channels CSR before a START or
SETUP START command is issued. A default value of 0x00000000 should be written to
all CSRs if MODE is not used.
REMOTE MODE IS WRITTEN TO CSR MS BYTE BEFORE START
CS REG
MODE
0
0
0.
INTERFACE AND CS REGISTER DATA AT START
After a successful start command (either setup start or normal start), Interface register 0
reports the remote device’s unit number. This is the number printed on the card label. Interface
register 1 reports the remote device’s 4 letter name (LSB first). Interface register 2 reports the
remote devices global table of contents pointer (GTOCP) and process table of contents pointer
(PTOCP) for the currently selected remote device mode. The GTOCP and PTOCP will be 0x0000
for devices that do not support process data discovery. Note that the setup data will be overwritten
with process data once the first DOIT command is issued.
READ DATA FROM PER CHANNEL INTERFACE REGISTERS AFTER START
CS REG
X
COM_STATE
STATUS
LOCAL FLT.
INTERFACE 0
UNIT# BYTE 3
UNIT# BYTE 2
UNIT# BYTE 1
UNIT# BYTE 0
INTERFACE 1
NAME BYTE 3
NAME BYTE 2
NAME BYTE 1
NAME BYTE 0
INTERFACE 2
GTOCP BYTE1
GTOCP BYTE 0
PTOCP BYTE1
PTOCP BYTE 0
7I76 25
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
CS REGISTER AFTER START
The CS register is used for local SSLBP, and remote LBP device status and control
information. Read access returns status information in both normal and setup mode. In
normal mode, writes to the CS register are not used. After a normal start or setup start the
CS register has the following format:
Byte3 = X undefined for SSLBP versions < 29, remote fault for versions >28 (See CS
REGISTER AFTER DOIT section)
Byte2 = COM_STATE Communication state code (debug only)
Byte1 = Communication status code (0x00 for OK)
Bit 7 = CommunicationNotReady
Bit 6 = NoRemoteID
Bit 5 = CommunicationError
Bit 0 = RemoteFault
Byte0 = Local Communication faults (sticky, cleared only by STOP)
Bit 7 = TooManyerrors
Bit 6 = RemoteFault
Bit 5 = SerialBreakError
Bit 4 = ExtraCharacterError
Bit 3 = TimeoutError
Bit 2 = OverrunError
Bit 1 = InvalidCookieError
Bit 0 = CRCError
7I76 26
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
CS REGISTER AFTER DOIT
After a successful DOIT command, or normal start with SSLBP versions >28
bytes 0 through 2 of CS register are the same as after a start command but in addition, the
previously invalid byte 3 of the CS register contains remote fault information:
Byte3 = REMOTE_FAULTS
Bit 7 = LBPCOMFault
Bit 6 = IllegalMode Fault
Bit 5 = LowVoltageFault
Bit 4 = HighVoltageFault
Bit 3 = OverCurrentFault
Bit 2 = OverTempFault
Bit 1 = NoEnableFault
Bit 0 = WatchdogFault
7I76 27
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
PROCESS DATA DISCOVERY
The SSLBP interface provides information to allow the host to determine the name,
number, units, sizes, types, directions, and scaling of process data elements. This
information is read from the remote device via a setup mode start followed by a series of
remote read operations.
Note to the bewildered: process data discovery and its complications are not
needed to access the 7I76 via SSLBP. In fact the 7I76's data can be accessed via SSLBP
with no more than a few register reads and writes The sole purpose of process data
discovery is to allow the driver to present nicely named and formatted data to the host
without the driver having any built in knowledge of the remote device.
PROCESS TABLE OF CONTENTS
After a normal start or setup start command, the PTOCP word in the low word of
interface register 2 is a pointer to the current process table of contents (PTOC) in the
remote device.
If remote devices that do not support process device discovery are present, their
PTOCP will be 0, and process data organization must be inferred from the remote device
name.
Remote reads from this location will return the first entry in the PTOC. All PTOC
entries are pointers with a size of 2 bytes. The end of the PTOC is marked with a 0
sentinel. Each PTOC entry points to a process data descriptor. Here is an example of a
5 entry PTOC (PDD is Process Data Descriptor)
ENTRY
ADDRESS
CONTENTS
0
PTOCP
POINTER TO PDD 0
1
PTOCP+2
POINTER TO PDD 1
2
PTOCP+4
POINTER TO PDD 2
3
PTOCP+6
POINTER TO PDD 3
4
PTOCP+8
POINTER TO PDD 4
5
PTOCP+10
0x0000 (END OF TABLE)
7I76 28
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
PROCESS DATA DESCRIPTOR
Each PTOC entry points to a process data descriptor or a mode descriptor. Each
process data descriptor is a record with fields for data size, data type, data direction,
minimum and maximum values, the address of the process data and the unit name and
process data name. Each process data element has a corresponding process data
descriptor record. In addition there are mode descriptor records that indicate the current
hardware and software modes of the remote device. The process data descriptor record
structure is as follows:
FIELD NAME
FIELD LENGTH
DESCRIPTION
RECORD_TYPE
8 BITS
RECORD TYPE = 0xA0
DATA_SIZE
8 BITS
DATA SIZE IN BITS
DATA_TYPE
8 BITS
DATA ELEMENT TYPE
DATA_DIRECTION
8 BITS
DATA DIRECTION
PARAM_MIN
32 BITS
IEEE-754 FP PARM MIN
PARAM_MAX
32 BITS
IEEE-754 FP PARM MAX
PARAM_ADD
16 BITS
ADDRESS OF PARM
UNIT_STRING
VARIABLE
NULL TERM. STRING
NAME_STRING
VARIABLE
NULL TERM. STRING
PROCESS DATA DESCRIPTOR FIELDS
RECORD_TYPE
The RECORD_TYPE field is a single byte at the beginning of the process data
descriptor for record typing and sanity checking. It is 0xA0 for process data records.
DATA_LENGTH
The DATA_LENGTH field is a single byte field that specifies the length of the
process data element in bits. Minimum is 1 bit, maximum is 255 bits, however current
SSLBP implementations are limited by the number of interface registers to a maximum of
96 bits.
7I76 29
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
DATA_TYPE
The DATA_TYPE field is a single byte field that specifies the data type of the
process data element. Data types are as follows:
NUMBER
DATA_TYPE
NOTE
0x00
PAD
To pad for byte alignment
0x01
BITS
Packed bits, LSB is BIT 0
0x02
UNSIGNED
Numeric unsigned
0x03
SIGNED
Numeric twos complement LSB first
0x04
NONVOL_UNSIGNED
Numeric unsigned
0x05
NONVOL_SIGNED
Numeric twos complement LSB first
0x06
STREAM
Continuous data stream
0x07
BOOLEAN
Any length non-zero = true
DATA_DIRECTION
The DATA_DIRECTION field is a single byte field that specifies the data direction.
Valid Data direction bytes are as follows:
0x00
INPUT
(Read from remote)
0x40
BI_DIRECTIONAL
(Read from and written to remote)
0X80
OUTPUT
(Written to remote)
PARAMETER_MIN
The PARAMETER_MIN field is a 32 bit IEEE-754 floating point number that
specifies the minimum value of the process data element. This is to allow the driver to
present data in engineering units. Not valid for non-numeric data types
PARAMETER_MAX
The PARAMETER_MAX field is a 32 bit IEEE-754 floating point number that
specifies the maximum value of the process data element. This is to allow the driver to
present data in engineering units. Not valid for non-numeric data types.
7I76 30
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
UNIT_STRING
The UNIT_STRING is a variable length null terminated string that specifies the units
of the process data element
NAME_STRING
The NAME_STRING is a variable length null terminated string that begins
immediately after the UNIT_STRING. It specifies the name of the process data element.
NUMERIC PROCESS DATA SCALING
Currently all numeric process data is simple unsigned or signed (twos complement)
binary data. The process data element PARAM_MIN and PARAM_MAX values in
conjunction with the DATA_SIZE can be used to scale this numeric data.
For unsigned data, PARAM_MIN corresponds to a value of 0 and PARAM_MAX
corresponds to a value of (2 ^ DATA_SIZE) -1. Meaning scaled unsigned data is
RAW_DATA*(PARAM_MAX-PARAM_MIN) / ((2 ^ DATA_SIZE) -1) +PARAM_MIN.
For signed data. PARAM_MIN corresponds the value -(2 ^ DATA_SIZE-1)-1 and
PARAM_MAX corresponds the value (2 ^ DATA_SIZE-1)-1, meaning scaled signed data
is RAW_DATA (PARAM_MAX-PARAM_MIN) / ((2 ^ DATA_SIZE-1) -1) +PARAM_MIN.
MODE DESCRIPTOR
In addition to the process data descriptors, the PTOC will have pointers to two mode
descriptors. These are the currently selected hardware and software modes of the remote
device.
FIELD NAME
FIELD LENGTH
DESCRIPTION
RECORD_TYPE
8 BITS
RECORD TYPE = 0xB0
MODE INDEX
8 BITS
WHICH MODE
MODE TYPE
8 BITS
MODE TYPE
UNUSED
8 BITS
UNUSED
MODE_NAME_STRING
VARIABLE
NULL TERM. STRING
MODE TYPES
Currently there are only two mode types, HWMODE = 0x00 and SWMODE = 0x01
these correspond to hardware (EEPROM or Jumper setting )and software (dynamically
changeable operational modes)
7I76 31
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
PROCESS DATA ELEMENT PACKING AND UNPACKING
Ultimately all process data is transferred to and from the host via the interface 0,1,2
registers.
The packing of outgoing process data elements into these interface registers and
unpacking of incoming process data elements from these interface registers is done in the
order of process data descriptors listed in the PTOC. Process data elements in PTOC
order and process descriptor DATA_SIZE are packed into or unpacked from the interface
registers from LSB to MSB and from interface register 0 through interface register 2.
Read data and bidirectional data is unpacked from the interface registers read by
the host. Write data and bidirectional data is packed into the interface registers written by
the host.
Before a DOIT command is written to start a data transfer cycle with the remote
device, the host must write its packed outgoing process data (OPD in table below) to the
interface registers. (The CS register not currently used for outgoing data/control so is not
written)
HOST WRITES OUTGOING INTERFACE REGISTERS BEFORE DOIT
CS REG
MODE
X
X
X
INTERFACE 0
OPD BYTE 3
OPD BYTE 2
OPD BYTE 1
OPD BYTE 0
INTERFACE 1
OPD BYTE 7
OPD BYTE 6
OPD BYTE 5
OPD BYTE 4
INTERFACE 2
OPD BYTE 11
OPD BYTE 10
OPD BYTE 9
OPD BYTE 8
7I76 32
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
PROCESS DATA ELEMENT PACKING AND UNPACKING
After the DOIT command has completed, the incoming process data (IPD in table
below) can be read along with the local and remote faults.
HOST READS INCOMING INTERFACE REGISTERS AFTER DOIT
CS REG
REMOTE. FLT
COM_STATE
STATUS
LOCAL FLT.
INTERFACE 0
IPD BYTE 3
IPD BYTE 2
IPD BYTE 1
IPD BYTE 0
INTERFACE 1
IPD BYTE 7
IPD BYTE 6
IPD BYTE 5
IPD BYTE 4
INTERFACE 2
IPD BYTE 11
IPD BYTE 10
IPD BYTE 9
IPD BYTE 8
7I76 SPECIFIC PROCESS DATA EXAMPLE
Process data is remote device dependent and also dependent on remote device
mode. The 7I76 supports 3 software modes.
7I76 33
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
7I76 SPECIFIC PROCESS DATA EXAMPLE
In the default input/output mode the process data appears in the interface registers
in the order shown:
7I76 OUTGOING PROCESS DATA FOR MODE (1)
CS REG
X
X
X
X
INTERFACE 0
SPINOUT 15..8
SPINOUT 7..0
TB5 OUTS 15..8
TB6 OUTS 7..0
INTERFACE 1
X
X
SPINDIR
SPINENA
INTERFACE 2
X
X
X
X
7I76 INCOMING PROCESS DATA FOR MODE (1)
CS REG
REMOTE. FLT
COM_STATE
STATUS
LOCAL FLT.
INTERFACE 0
TB5 INS 31..24
TB5 INS 23..16
TB6 INS 15..8
TB6 INS 7..0
INTERFACE 1
ANALOG3
ANALOG2
ANALOG1
ANALOG0
INTERFACE 2
X
X
X
X
Note that this information is just for user convenience as the process data
organization in the interface registers can be determined by process data discovery.
7I76 34
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
NORMAL MODE OPERATION
In normal mode the sequence of operations for a cyclic access with write before
read is as follows:
Note steps 1 through 5 are setup operations and are only done once per session
1. Issue STOP ALL command (0x800), wait for COMMAND register clear to verify stop
command completion.
2. Issue normal START command (0x9NN) with bitmask (NN) of channels to start.
3. Wait for COMMAND register clear to verify start command completion. (may be many
mS)
4. Read data register to verify that all selected channels started (a 1 in any channel
position bit means a fault in the channel that the bit represents)
5. Read device unit number (This can only be read before DOIT has been asserted)
6. Check command register, if not clear, cycle time is too short.
(Note the command register should never be written to when not clear except to issue a
stop command or when written with the command ignore bit set)
7. Check data register, any 1 bits indicate previous DOIT command failed for in the
corresponding channels
8. Read per channel Interface register 0 and interface register 1 for input process data
9. Write per channel output process data ( for 7I76) to interface 0 register and interface 1
register
10. Write DOIT command = 0x10NN where NN is the bit mask of channels to initiate
transfers.
11. Wait for next cycle, at next cycle time, loop back to state 6
This sequence can be modified if a read-modify-write sequence is required, this
requires polling the command register for send/receive completion. This will take a
maximum of 100 uSec from the DOIT command to command register clear and valid input
data.
7I76 35
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SETUP START
When the FPGA is first configured or after a stop all command, all LBP
communication channels are idle. A SETUP START command first initializes and all local
communication, error and status parameters and begins to establish communications with
all remote LBP devices. Unlike the NORMAL START command, SETUP START does no
device specific setup but instead creates a pass-through access mode that allows the host
to read or write any remote LBP device parameter. This allows simple utilities to setup 7I76
volatile and non-volatile parameters, and allows the host to do process data discovery to
determine the input and output process data information from the remote device.
SETUP MODE OPERATION
In setup mode the SSLBP interface is used as a passthrough device to allow
reading and writing parameters to the remote LBP device.
REMOTE READ EXAMPLE:
For a remote word read, the sequence of operations is as follows:
1. Issue a STOPALL command (0x800), wait for COMMAND register clear to verify stop
command completion.
2. Issue a setup START command (0xFNN) with bitmask (NN) of channels to start
3. Wait for COMMAND register clear to verify start command completion. (may be many
mS)
4. Read data register to verify that all selected channels started (a 1 bit means a fault in
the channel that the bit represents)
5. Write LBP word read command (0x45) in the MSByte ORed with the parameter address
to the selected channels CS register. (0x4500PPPP)
6. Issue a DOIT Command
7. Wait for the command register to be clear
8. Check that the data register is clear, any set bits indicate an error
9. Read the returned data in the LS word of the selected channels Interface0 register
10. Repeat from step 5 for any additional remote data reads
Remote read byte, word, long and double are basically equivalent, the only
difference being the LBP command (0x44,0x45,0x46,0x47 respectively) and the size of the
data read from the interface register(s)
7I76 36
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
REMOTE WRITE EXAMPLE:
For a remote word write, the sequence of operations is as follows:
1. Issue a STOPALL (0x800) command, wait for COMMAND register clear to verify stop
command completion.
2. Issue a setup START command (0xFNN) with bitmask (NN) of channels to start
3. Wait for COMMAND register clear to verify start command completion. (may be many
mS)
4. Read data register to verify that all selected channels started (a 1 bit means a fault in
the channel that the bit represents)
5. Write the new parameter data to the selected channels Interface0 register (right justified)
6. Write LBP word write command (0x65) in the MSByte ORed with the parameter address
to the selected channels CS register. (0x6500PPPP)
7. Issue a DOIT Command
8. Wait for the command register to be clear
9. Check that the data register is clear, any set bits indicate an error
. Repeat from step 5 for any additional remote parameter writes
Remote write byte, word, long and double are basically equivalent, the only
difference being the LBP command (0x64,0x65,0x66,0x67 respectively) and the size of the
data written to the interface register(s)
7I76 37
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
DISCOVERY SEQUENCE:
for process data discovery (of one channel) the sequence of operations is as
follows:
Note that the first section acquires the PTOC and the second section reads the
records pointed to by the PTOC. For brevity, the remote read sequence (steps 5 through
9 of the remote read procedure) will be listed here as "remote read"
FIRST PART, ACQUIRE PTOC:
1. Issue a STOPALL (0x800) command, wait for COMMAND register clear to verify stop
command completion.
2. Issue a setup START command (0xFNN) with bitmask (NN) of channels to start
3. Wait for COMMAND register clear to verify start command completion. (may be many
mS)
4. Read data register to verify that the selected channels started (a 1 bit means a fault in
the channel that the bit represents)
5. Read PTOCP from interface register 2, of selected channel, if zero, remote device does
not support discovery
6. Remote read word at PTOCP
7. If word data is 0, PTOC collection is complete goto step 11
8. Save value in local PTOC table, and increment local PTOC table index
9. Increment PTOCP value by 2 (as it is a word pointer)
10. Repeat from step 6
7I76 38
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
DISCOVERY SEQUENCE
SECOND PART, READ PROCESS DESCRIPTOR AND MODE DESCRIPTOR
RECORDS:
11. For each PTOC entry acquired in the previous step:
12. Remote read byte at PTOC+0
12. If byte is 0xA0, proceed to step 16, reading process data descriptor
14 If byte is 0xB0, proceed to step 25 reading mode descriptor
15. If byte is neither, there is a error
16. Remote read byte at PTOC+1 This is DATA_SIZE
17. Remote read byte at PTOC+2 This is DATA_TYPE
18. Remote read byte at PTOC+3 This is DATA_DIRECTION
19. Remote read long at PTOC+4 This is PARAM_MIN.
20. Remote read long at PTOC+8 This is PARAM_MAX
21. Remote read word at PTOC+10 This is PARAM_ADD (not used normally)
22. Read UNIT_STRING starting at PTOC+12
Initialize CharPointer to PTOC+12
repeat (remote read byte at CharPointer, increment CharPointer, if byte is 0: done)
23 Read NAME_STRING starting at CharPointer
repeat (remote read byte at CharPointer, increment CharPointer, if byte is 0: done)
24. Repeat with next PTOC = step 11
7I76 39
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSLBP
DISCOVERY SEQUENCE
SECOND PART, READ PROCESS DESCRIPTOR AND MODE DESCRIPTOR
RECORDS:
25. Remote read byte at PTOC+1 This is MODE_INDEX
26. Remote read byte at PTOC+2 This is MODE TYPE
27. Read MODE_NAME_STRING starting at PTOC+4
Initialize CharPointer to PTOC+4
repeat (remote read byte at CharPointer, increment CharPointer, if byte is 0: done)
28. Repeat with next PTOC = step 1
29. Select next channel # and repeat from step 5
7I76 40
REFERENCE INFORMATION
LBP
LBP is a simple binary master slave protocol where the host sends read, write, or
RPC commands to the 7I76, and the 7I76 responds. All controller communication to the
7I76 is done via LBP. LBP commands always start with a command header byte. This
header specifies whether the command is a read or write or RPC, the number of address
bytes(0, or 2), and the number of data bytes(1 through 8).The 0 address size option
indicates that the current address pointer should be used. This address pointer will be post
incremented by the data size if the auto increment bit is set. RPC commands allow any of
up to 64 stored commands to be executed in response to the single byte command.
Note that the low level serial interface details presented here are not normally
needed for 7I76 card access, as all the low level details are handed by the SSLBP code
in the SSerial interface built into the FPGA, but is presented here for completeness.
LBP DATA READ/WRITE COMMAND
0
1
WR
RID
AI
AS
DS1
DS0
Bit 7.. 6
CommandType: Must be 01b to specify data read/write command
Bit 5
Write: 1 to specify write, 0 to specify read
Bit 4
RPCIncludesData: 0 specifies that data is from stream, 1, that data is from
RPC (RPC only, ignored for non RPC commands)
Bit 3
AutoInc: 0 leaves address unchanged, 1 specifies that address is post
incremented by data size in bytes.
BIT 2
AddressSize: 0 to specify current address, 1 to specify 2 byte address.
Bit 1..0
DataSize: Specifies data size, 00b = 1 bytes, 01b = 2 bytes, 10 b= 4 bytes,
011b = 8 bytes.
When multiple bytes are specified in a read or write command, the bytes are always
written to or read from successive addresses. That is, a 4 byte read at location 0x21 will
read locations 0x21, 0x22, 0x23, 0x24. The address pointer is not modified after the
command unless the AutoInc bit is set.
7I76 41
REFERENCE INFORMATION
LBP
EXAMPLE LBP COMMANDS
Write 4 bytes (0xAA, 0xBB,0xCC,0xDD) to addresses 0x010,0x011,0x012,0x013
with AutoInc so that the address pointer will be left at 0x014 when the command is
completed:
COMMAND BITS
CT1
CT0
WR
RID
AI
AS
DS1
DS0
LBPWrite: 2 add 4 data
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
Write Address LSB
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
Write Address MSB
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Write data 0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
Write Data 1
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
Write Data 2
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
Write Data 3
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
Write 2 more bytes (0xEE,0xFF) at 0x014 and 0x015:
COMMAND BITS
CT1
CT0
WR
RID
AI
AS
DS1
DS0
LBPWrite: 0 add 2 data
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
Write data 0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
Write data 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Read 8 bytes at 0x010,0x011,0x012,0x013,0x014,0x015,0x016,0x017:
COMMAND BITS
CT1
CT0
WR
RID
AI
AS
DS1
DS0
LBPRead: 2 add 8 data
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
Read Address LSB
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
Read Address MSB
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7I76 42
REFERENCE INFORMATION
LBP
LOCAL LBP COMMANDS
In addition to the basic data access commands, there are a set of commands that
access LBP status and control the operation of LBP itself. These are organized as READ
and WRITE commands
LOCAL LBP READ COMMANDS
(HEX), all of these commands return a single byte of data.
0xC0 Get unit address
0xC1 Get LBP status
LBP Status bit definitions:
BIT 7 Reserved
BIT 6 Command Timeout Error
BIT 5 Invalid write Error (attempted write to protected area)
BIT 4 Buffer overflow error
BIT 3 Watchdog timeout error
BIT 2 Reserved
BIT 1 Reserved
BIT 0 CRC error
0xC2 Get CRC enable status (note CRCs are always enabled on the 7I76)
0xC3 Get CRC error count
0xC4 .. 0xC9 Reserved
0xCA Get Enable_RPCMEM access flag
0xCB Get Command timeout (character times/10 for serial)
0xCC .. 0xCF Reserved
0xD0 .. 0xD3 4 character card name
7I76 43
REFERENCE INFORMATION
LBP
LOCAL LBP READ COMMANDS
0xD5 .. 0xD7 4 character configuration name (only on some configurations)
0xD8 Get low address
0xD9 Get high address
0xDA Get LBP version
0xDB Get LBP Unit ID (Serial only, not used with USB)
0xDC Get RPC Pitch
0xDD Get RPC SizeL (Low byte of RPCSize)
0xDE Get RPC SizeH (High byte of RPCSize)
0xDF Get LBP cookie (returns 0x5A)
7I76 44
REFERENCE INFORMATION
LBP
LOCAL LBP WRITE COMMANDS
(HEX), all of these commands except 0xFF expect a single byte of data.
0xE0 Reserved
0xE1 Set LBP status (0 to clear errors)
0xE2 Set CRC check enable (Flag non-zero to enable CRC checking)
0xE3 Set CRC error count
0xE4 .. 0xE9 Reserved
0xEA Set Enable_RPCMEM access flag (non zero to enable access to RPC memory)
0xEB Set Command timeout (in mS for USB and character times for serial)
0xEC .. 0xEF Reserved
0xF0 .. 0xF6 Reserved
0xF7 Write LEDs
0xF8 Set low address
0xF9 Set high address
0xFA Add byte to current address
0xFB .. 0xFC Reserved
0xFD Set unit ID (serial only)
0xFE Reset LBP processor if followed by 0x5A
0xFF Reset LBP parser (no data follows this command)
7I76 45
REFERENCE INFORMATION
LBP
RPC COMMANDS
RPC commands allow previously stored sequences of read/write commands to be
executed with a single byte command. Up to 64 RPC’s may be stored. RPC write
commands may include data if desired, or the data may come from the serial data stream.
RPCs allow significant command compression which improves communication bandwidth.
When used with SSLBP, the 7I76s process data transfer uses an RPC for efficiency
LBP RPC COMMAND
1
0
RPC5
RPC4
RPC3
RPC2
Bit 7..6
CommandType: must be 10b to specify RPC
Bit 5..0
RPCNumber: Specifies RPC 0 through 63
RPC1
RPC0
In the 7I76 LBP implementation, RPCPitch is 0x8 bytes so each RPC command has
native size of 0x08 bytes and start 0x8 byte boundaries in the RPC table area. RPCs can
cross RPCPitch boundaries if larger than RPCPitch RPCs are needed. The stored RPC
commands consist of LBP headers and addresses, and possibly data if the command
header has the RID bit set. RPC command lists are terminated by a 0 byte.
The RPC table is accessed at addresses 0 through RPCSize-1 This means with a
RPCPitch of 0x8 bytes, RPC0 starts at 0x0000, RPC1 starts at 0x008, RPC2 starts at
0x0010 and so on.
Before RPC commands can be written to the RPC table,the RPCMEM access flag
must be set. The RPCMEM access flag must be clear for normal operation.
7I76 46
REFERENCE INFORMATION
LBP
EXAMPLE RPC COMMAND LIST
This is an example stored RPC command list. Note RPC command lists must start
at a RPCPitch boundary in the RPC table but an individual RPC list can extend until the
end of the table. This particular RPC example contains 2 LBP commands and uses 7 bytes
starting at 0x0028 (RPC5 for 0x08 pitch RPC table)
Command1. Writes two data bytes to address 0x10, 0x11 with 2 data bytes supplied by
host
Command2. Reads two data bytes from address 0x12,0x13
COMMAND BITS
CT1
CT0
WR
RID
I
AS
DS1
DS0
LBPWrite: 2 add 2 data
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
Write Address LSB
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
Write Address MSB
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
LBPRead: 2 add 2 data
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
Read Address LSB
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
Read Address MSB
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Terminator
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
The data stream for this RPC would consist of these 3 bytes:
COMMAND BITS
CT1
CT0
R5
R4
R3
R2
R1
R0
RPC 5
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
Data 0 for Command 1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
Data 1 for Command 1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
7I76 47
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SPECIAL RPCS
All remotes that work with SSLBP must implement three special RPCs, the
ProcessDataRPC, The UnitNumberRPC, and the DiscoveryRPC.
DiscoveryRPC = 0xBB B Returns one byte that specifies process input data size in bytes,
and one byte that specifies the process output data size in bytes. Following the size bytes
are two 16 bit pointers, the first is the PTOC and the second is the GTOC. Note that the
remote software mode must be set before issuing the discovery RPC.
UnitNumberRPC = 0xBC B Returns 32 bit unit number
ProcessDataRPC = 0xBD -- Normal process data transfer RPC followed by output data
bytes. Returns one byte of remote fault information followed by input data. Number of input
and output bytes are as specified in the DiscoveryRPC.
CRC
LBP on the 7I76 uses CRC checking of all commands and data to insure validity.
The CRC used is a 8 bit CRC using the same polynomial as the Dallas/Maxim one wire
devices (X^8+X^5++X^4+X^0). The CRC must be appended to all LBP commands and all
returned data will have a CRC byte appended. Commands with no returned data (writes
or RPCs with no reads) will still cause a CRC byte to be returned, this CRC byte will always
be 00H.
FRAMING
Since LBP is a binary protocol with no special sync characters, the packet framing
must be determined by other methods.
Framing is done by a combination of timing and pre-parsing the serial data. Timing
based framing is used to reset the parser at gaps in the serial data stream. This provides
fast resynchronization to allow robust operation in noisy environments. The actual timeout
used needs to be optimized for the operating mode. In setup mode where a non real-time
OS may be communicating with the remote device, the frame timing is set to its maximum
value (25.5 character times). This is equivalent to 2.1 mS at 115200 baud. This means
that host communications cannot have more than 2.1 mS delays between characters in
a command sequence when in setup mode.
In operate mode, command timeout is set by SSLBP to be 4 character times (16
uSec at 2.5M baud). The SSLBP firmware always sends commands in bursts without intercharacter gaps so will always meet this timing. The timing is set short so that the parser
on the remote device will always be reset and ready for the next command at the highest
repetition rates even if data has been corrupted by noise so that incomplete commands
have been received.
7I76 48
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SSERIAL REMOTE RPCS
SSerial remote devices must implement three special RPCs to be compatible with
the hosts FPGA SSLBP firmware. These RPCs may be normal in-memory RPCs or
special hardwired RPCs for speed. Normal programmable RPCs are not required for
compatibility with SSLBP so need not be implemented.
UNIT NUMBER RPC
The unit number RPC returns the 4 byte remote unit number. Like all LBP data this
is sent LSB first. This RPC is 0xBB hex.
DISCOVERY RPC
The discovery RPC returns the total sizes of the receive and transmit process data
in bytes and returns 16 bit pointers to the PTOC and GTOC (which are in turn tables of
pointers to process data records and mode records). The discovery RPC is 0xBC hex.
Return data bytes are in the following order: RXSize, TXSize, PTOCLSB,
PTOCMSB, GTOCLSB, GTOCMSB.
RXSize is host relative so this is the size of data that the remote transmits. Likewise
TXSize is host relative so this is the size of process data the remote receives. Note that
the remote should check its remote SW mode and remote HW mode flags and return size
data and pointers appropriate for the currently selected mode. Note that the remote always
sends remote fault data as the first byte of the process data sent to the host. This extra
byte of data must be reflected in the RXSize byte.
PROCESS DATA RPC
The Process data RPC is used to transfer process data to and from the host. The
process data RPC should always receive and send the amount of RX and TX data that the
Discovery RPC indicates. As mentioned above, the first byte of data sent from the remote
to the host is always remote fault information as listed in CS REGISTER AFTER DOIT
section of the manual. The process data RPC is 0xBD hex.
7I76 49
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SPECIFICATIONS
MIN
MAX
NOTES
HOST SUPPLY VOLTAGE 5V
4.5 VDC
5.5 VDC
5V CURRENT
----
100 mA
No ext load.
STEP/DIR OUTPUT HIGH V
4V
----
10 mA source
STEP/DIR OUTPUT LOW V
----
1V
10mA sink
VIN (FIELD I/O LOGIC POWER)
8VDC
32 VDC
VIN POWER CONSUMPTION
----
1W
FIELD POWER
5VDC
28VDC
FIELD OUTPUT CURRENT
----
350 mA
GENERAL
STEP/DIR OUTPUTS
FIELD I/O
Typ. 600 mW
Per output
(RESISTIVE LOADS AND INDUCTIVE LOADS WITH FLYBACK DIODE)
FIELD OUTPUT CURRENT
----
60 mA
Per output
----
1.4A
Per chip
INPUT COMMON MODE RANGE
-7
+12
Volts
INPUT TTL MODE THRESHOLD
1.4
1.8
Volts
DIFFERENTIAL MODE IMPEDANCE
131
135
Ohms
COUNT RATE
----
10 MHz
(INDUCTIVE LOADS WITH NO FLYBACK DIODE)
PER DRIVER CHIP CURRENT
HIGH SPEED ENCODER INPUT
7I76 50
SPECIFICATIONS
RS-422 INTERFACE
MAXIMUM DATA RATE
----
10
MBIT/S
INPUT COMMON MODE RANGE
-7
+12
Volts
INPUT TERMINATION RESISTOR
131
135
Ohm
OUTPUT LOW
(24 mA sink)
----
.8
Volts
OUTPUT HIGH
(24 mA source)
VCC-.8
----
Volts
5
15
Volts
SUPPLY CURRENT
----
20
mA
ISOLATION VOLTAGE
----
500
Volts DC
NON-LINEARITY
----
1
% at 5KHz
DIR/ENA OUTPUT CURRENT
----
50
mA
DIR/ENA OUTPUT VOLTAGE
----
100
Volts DC
DIR/ENA ISOLATION VOLTAGE
----
500
Volts DC
TEMPERATURE -C VERSION
0oC
70oC
TEMPERATURE -I VERSION
-40oC
85oC
SPINDLE INTERFACE
REFERENCE VOLTAGE
(SPINDLE+ B> SPINDLE-)
ENVIRONMENTAL
7I76 51
DRAWINGS
7I76 52
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