IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IOSR-JECE)
e-ISSN: 2278-2834,p- ISSN: 2278-8735. Volume 7, Issue 6 (Sep. - Oct. 2013), PP 55-57
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Implementation of Cmos Camera Device Driver and Wifi
Technology on S3c2440 Using Linux
M.Sumalatha1, D.Jaya Kumar 2
1
Student,2Assistant Professor
ECE Department, Mallareddy Institute Of Engineering And Technology.
2
ECE Department, Mallareddy Institute Of Engineering And Technology.
Hyderabad, Ap, India.1, Hyderabad, Ap., India2.
1
Abstract: With the processing of CMOS technology, the technology of video acquisition based on CMOS is
becoming a new trend. However, many CMOS camera chip is not supported by the newest Linux kernel yet. The
environmental image acquirement and the Wi-Fi transmission system are studied and designed. In this paper,
the method of designing the CMOS camera driver based on S3C2440 developing board with the embedded
Linux environment is introduced and adds some components such as a USB Wi-Fi adapter. SCCB is a
distinguishing feature of OV series CMOS chips. S3C2440 provides a camera interface, and the camera driver
is designed based on it. The library and the utilities are compiled, and of images got from CMOS camera to the
Wi-Fi mobile phone has been realized by means of programming.
I.
Introduction
Comparing with traditional CCD image sensor, CMOS image sensors[1] using CMOS technology can
integrate the pixel array and peripheral circuits (such as the image sensor core, single-clock, all the sequential
logic, programmable functions and A / D converter) in a chip, with a small size, light weight, low power
consumption, programming convenience, easy to control and so on.
Embedded Linux [4] is a better embedded operation system, which has portable, strong network
function and excellent GNU compile tools as well as free open source characters. S3C2410 is a 32 bits
embedded processor that based on an ARM920T core[3] with integrated MMU and abundant internal resources.
Because of low cost, high performance and the Video41inux (short for V4L) support on Linux program, CMOS
camera [2] is easy to integrate to embedded system. Wi-Fi technique is a short distance wireless communication
with dominant position which is exclusive certificated, and it has been widely used in mobile phones, personal
computer and peripherals at present.This paper introduce image acquirement function based on embedded Linux
system,[5, 6] and transmit the picture got from CMOS camera to the Wi-Fi mobile phone on the environment of
Wi-Fi that has been constructed.
II.
System Design Model
A. Software design module
An operating system (OS) is software, consisting of programs and data that runs on computers and
manages the computer hardware and provides common services for efficient execution of various application
software. We cannot get S3C2440 microcontroller individually. We will get it in the form of FRIENDLY ARM
board else, we can call it as MINI 2440 board. In order to work with ARM 9 micro controllers we require 3
things. They are as follows.
Boot loader: The main functionality of boot loader is to initialize all the devices that are present on the
motherboard of MINI 2440 and at the same time to find out whether any problem or any other fault is there in
the devices that are present on that motherboard of MINI 2440.The other feature of the boot loader is to find out
what are the different operating systems that are present in the standard storage devices and to show it on to the
display device so that user can select between the operating systems into which he wants to enter. One other
feature of the boot loader is lo load operating system related files byte by byte into the temporary memory like
RAM. In our current project, we are using boot loader like Super vivi, which is MINI 2440 specific.
Kernel: The core part of an operating system we can call like kernel. Operating system will perform its
functionalities like File management, Process management, Memory management, Network management and
Interrupt management with the help of the kernel only. Kernel holds the device related drivers that are present
on the motherboard. FRIENDLY ARM board supports for operating systems like SYMBIAN, ANDROID,
EMBEDDED LINUX, WINCE. However, in all these operating systems EMBEDDED LINUX will provide
high security to drivers and files. Therefore, in our current project we are making use of kernel of EMBEDDED
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Implementation Of Cmos Camera Device Driver And Wifi Technology On S3c2440 Using Linux
LINUX with which device related drivers that are present on the motherboard of FRIENDLY ARM board will
automatically come when we load EMBEDDED LINUX related kernel.
Root File System: File system will tell how files arrangement there inside the internal standard storage devices.
In embedded Linux, kernel treats everything as a file even the input and output devices. In embedded Linux,
Root is the parent directory it contains other sub directories like dev, lib, home, bin ,sbin ,media ,mnt ,temp
,proc , etc, opt and etc. According to our application, we will interface some external devices also. All the
devices means internal devices that are present on the motherboard of MINI 2440 will get their corresponding
drivers when we load Embedded Linux related kernel. However, these device drivers require micro controller
related header files and some other header files, which will be present in the lib directory, which is present in the
root directory. In addition, the devices related drivers would be present in the dev directory, which is again
present in the root directory. Therefore, whenever we will load the Root File System then we will get different
directories, which will be helpful to the kernel. So compulsorily, we need to load the Root File System. MINI
2440 specific Root File System is Root Qtopia.
The essential programs that are required in order to work with MINI 2440 like Boot loader, Embedded
Linux related Kernel, Root File System will be loaded into the NOR flash which is present on the MINI 2440
board itself. The program related with the application will be loaded into NAND flash, which is also present on
the MINI 2440 board itself. By using bootstrap switch that is present on the MINI 2440 will help the user to
select either NOR or NAND flash. After that by using DNW tool we can load Boot loader, Embedded Linux
related kernel and Root File System into NOR flash by using USB cable and the application related program
into NAND flash.Once loading everything into MINI 2440 board it starts working based on the application
program that we have loaded into the NAND flash.
The ARM 32 bit Microcontroller has feature of image/video processing by using various features and
classification algorithms have been proposed for pedestrian detection. It overcomes the performance in terms of
sensors and hardware cost is also too high. So, our design Embedded system that detects person just as they
enter the camera view, with low false alarm rate and high speed. This system captures the eye from web camera
connected to ARM microcontroller through USB and the image is processed by using image processing
technique. Image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a
photograph or video frame, the output of image processing may be either an image or a set of characteristics or
parameters related to the image.
B. Hardware design module
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Figure: hardware implementation block diagram.
With the processing of CMOS technology, the technology of video acquisition based on CMOS is becoming a
new trend. However, many CMOS camera chip is not supported by the newest Linux kernel yet.
The system uses SAMSUNG S3C2440 as a microprocessor, the camera equipment is OV9650.
SAMSUNG S3C2440 uses 16/32 bit ARM920T RISC technology for the core. Its main Frequency is 400M Hz.
It provides a camera interface (camif) to support camera. There are two models for camif to transmit data with
DMA controller: one is called Preview mode, which transform the image data sampling from the camera
interface into the RGB format, and transfer it to the SDRAM under control of the DMA; the other is called code
mode, which transmits the image data to the SDRAM in YCbCr4:2:0 or 4:2:2 format. Software platform is
embedded Linux OS. In this application we are going to use the preview mode.
ARM9 is continuously monitoring the video by using CMOS camera. For the ARM9 board USB based Wi-Fi
module is connected and sending video continuously through Wi-Fi. An android mobile will be used to create a
Wi-Fi hotspot which will create the Wi-Fi network. After the Wi-Fi network is created, ARM9 board will
connect to that network using its own Wi-Fi module, and all the other clients (computers or laptops or mobiles)
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Implementation Of Cmos Camera Device Driver And Wifi Technology On S3c2440 Using Linux
with Wi-Fi capability can connect to the same network and will access the ARM9's IP address on the browser to
see the video.
III.
Experimental Results
With the continuous progress of CMOS technology, CMOS image sensors are more and more high
resolution, low-cost, small size and easy programming, its application will become increasingly widespread. In
this paper, the method of designing the CMOS camera driver based on S3C2440 developing board and Image
acquirement in embedded linux is realized.
Figure: experimental set-up implementation.
We constructed the working environment of Wi-Fi, and completed the file transmission between embedded
Linux platform and Wi-Fi mobile phone by Wi-Fi OBEX protocol and Object PUSH service. We realize remote
surveillance by embedded system and wireless transmission.
IV.
Conclusion
The project “implementation of CMOS camera device driver and Wi-Fi technology on s3c2440 using
Linux” has been successfully designed and tested. It has been developed by integrating features of all the
hardware components and software used. Presence of every module has been reasoned out and placed carefully
thus contributing to the best working of the unit. Secondly, using highly advanced ARM9 board and with the
help of growing technology the project has been successfully implemented.
References
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DU Chun-lei.ARM Architecture and Programming[M].Beijing _Tsinghua University Press,2003. (in Chinese)
Zhang Da-bo. Principles, Design and Application of Embedded System[M].Beijing_Machinery Industry Press_2004. (in Chinese)
Samsung. S3C2440A 32Bit CMOS Microcontroller User’s Manual[Z]. Samsung Electronics Corp, 2003.
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