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Roadrunner
Digital Camera System
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APPLICATION NOTE
USER MANUAL
Rev 1.2
atory
Motorola
Image Capture Operation
Chandler, AZ
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1.2 – 05/06/01INC. 2001
Revision 04/12/01
This document contains information on a new product. Specifications and information herein are
subject to change without notice
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Roadrunner Digital Camera System
1
1.0 – Hardware Setup
1.1 Cables
1.1.1
2
1.1.2
1.1.3
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Table of Contents
Power
Video
Optics
1.2- Button Layout Description
1.2.1 Camera Mode:
1.2.2 Program/View Mode:
5
5
6
1.3- Led Display
1.4- Strobe Unit
7
1.5- Compact Flash Card
8
2.0 - NTSC Video Mode
2.1.1 THUMBNAIL
2.1.2 FULLSCREEN
2.1.3 DIRECTORY
2.1.4 SLIDE SHOW
2.1.5 DELETE ALL
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
INFO
RECORD
PROCESS
ADVANCED
13
13
14
15
15
16
17
17
19
23
3.0 USB Mode
3.1 Twain
3.2 Using Twain Menu
4.0 Simple Operational Instructions
20
20
20
37
5.0 Contact Information
39
6.0 Hardware References
40
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1.0 HardWare Setup
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Optional
Strobe Module
NTSC Video Cable
USB Cable
Figure 1.0 Basic Cable connection configuration
Grooves
Align Pins
and push
down
GENTLY.
a)
Place Image head on Interface Board So
that the Grooves align accordingly.
b) Position boards in order that the pins on both the Sensor
Interface board and the Sensor Board So align accordingly.
Then push downward gently until cannot push down
anymore.
Figure 1.1 Image Head Mounting
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1.1.1 Power
Power is supplied to the system via 3 x 1.5 Volt AA Batteries. The system uses a linear voltage
regulator to supply the system with 3.1V to 3.8V @ ~250-400mA. Please don’t reverse the
batteries – No protection!!.
This system is capable of viewing a still image on a NTSC monitor through a sub mini micro
stereo connector on the side of the system. The video is compatible with NTSC (American
Television) and has capabilty for PAL as well. A 75 ohm cable is supplied with the system for
connection to a TV/Monitor.
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1.1.2 Video
1.1.3 Optics
The system has the ability to use 10mm, 12mm and “C” mount optics. This is done by using one
of 3 different optic housing that bolts to the main PCB. The system comes equipped with 12mm
fixed focus plastic optic. “C” mount optic or additional fixed focused optic can be requested from
the factory.
(For more Info – refer to Optical application Note @ www.motorola.com/adc/imaging)
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1.2 Button
Layout/Description
BUTTON
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BUTTON 3
BUTTON 1
TOP VIEW
BUTTON 2
Figure 1.1 Roadrunner Button Layout
1.2.1 Camera Modes
There exists currently 3 modes in which the Roadrunner system can currently run :
a) Still Camera mode – this mode allows for taking of pictures.
- to be in this mode, both the USB and the Video cable have to be
DISCONNECTED from the camera.
b) NTSC Video mode
–this mode allows for viewing of pictures taken as well as
programming of certain different logic parameters while the camera is connected
to NTSC Video monitor.
-to be in this mode, ONLY the Video cable should be CONNECTED to the
camera.
c)
-this mode allows for viewing of pictures taken as well as programming of
certain logic parameters via the TWAIN Driver menu while the camera is
connected to a computer via USB.
-to be in this mode, ONLY the USB cable should be CONNECTED to the
camera.
USB Mode
1.2.2 SWITCH/BUTTON DESCRIPTION
A) IN Picture Mode: (No USB or Video cable connected in Camera)
i) BUTTON 1
- Power Button.
ii) BUTTON 2
- CURRENTLY UNUSED in Camera mode.
iii) BUTTON 3 - Strobe/Flash On/Off Switch in Camera mode.
iv) BUTTON 4 - Shutter Button (ie. Click to take picture).
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B) IN NTSC
Video Mode:
(Only
Video Cable SEMICONDUCTOR,
connected to Camera) INC. 2005
i) BUTTON 1
- Power Button.
ii) BUTTON 2
- CURRENTLY UNUSED in NTSC Video Mode.
iii) BUTTON 3 - Menu Scroll button (ie. UP and DOWN scroll keys).
iv) BUTTON 4 - Menu Select / Enter button.
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C) IN USB Mode: (Only USB Cable connected to Camera)
While in USB mode, all buttons on the Roadrunner system are INACTIVE. All camera functions are
controlled via the USB TWAIN Graphical User Interface.
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1.2.3
Roadrunner Individual Boards:
Backplane Board
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Clarity 2 Processor Board
Main SLA Chassis
Sensor Interface Board
Linear Power Supply Board
SXGA Sensor Board
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1.3- LED DISPLAY
1.3.1 Location of the LED Clusters on the Roadrunner:
* Note – On some Roadrunner Camera systems the LED cluster on the Processor board will be depopulated
to conserve power.
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Each LED cluster on the Roadrunner system contains 3 LEDs. They can be found on 3 different locations
on the camera:
i)
The Button Board
ii)
The Processor Board *
iii)
The Sensor Backplane Interface Board.
LED Cluster
LEGEND
LED IS OFF
Led1 Led2 Led3
LED IS ON
The following is a LED Lighting/Flashing Pattern flowchart explaination: (Explains how to determine what
process is going on in the CAMERA based on what LEDS are ON or FLASHING)
NOTE!! This pattern is applicable ONLY when Strobe/Flash is ON. For more info on the
Strobe/Flash – see section 1.4.
Process
AUTO EXPOSURE IS STILL RUNNING
(PICTURE CAN STILL BE TAKEN BUT
EXPOSURE RATE MAY NOT BE SET
YET)
AUTO EXPOSURE IS SET –
READY TO TAKE PICTURE!
PROCESSING – WAIT UNTIL
LED 2 STOPS FLASHING!.
(APPROX. 15-20 SECONDS)
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1.4 Strobe Unit (Optional)
The Strobe unit on the Roadrunner allows for the capturing of images in low lighting enviroments. In order
to use the strobe unit on the Roadrunner:
a) Version 5.005 and up of Firmware has to be loaded/programmed onto the Roadrunner system. (For
more info on firmware downloads – refer to sections 1.5.2 and/or 3.3.4,
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b) The Strobe mode must be switched on by either the TWAIN menu (see “FLASHMODE” – Section
3.3.3) or by pressing Button 3 until LED 3 illuminates.
The following is a LED Lighting/Flashing Pattern flowchart explaination: (Explains how to determine what
process is going on in the CAMERA based on what LEDS are ON or FLASHING)
NOTE!! This pattern is applicable ONLY when Strobe/Flash is ON.
Process
AUTO EXPOSURE IS STILL RUNNING
(PICTURE CAN STILL BE TAKEN BUT
EXPOSURE RATE MAY NOT BE SET
YET)
AUTO EXPOSURE HAS
DETECTED LOW LIGHTING.
READY TO TAKE PICTURE WITH STROBE!
PROCESSING – WAIT UNTIL
LED 2 STOPS FLASHING!
(APPROX. 15-20 SECONDS)
.
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1.5 Compact Flash
The Roadrunner has the capability of storing images onto a Compact Flash card instead of its internal Flash
memory. The advantage of this is increased storage capacity.
The Roadrunner has been tested and proven to work with Compact Fash cards in the range of 8Mbyte64Mbyte.
Inserting a Compact flash card into the Roadrunner system automatically causes the system to
automatically save all images onto the Compact Flash card. If the user requires that the images be stored on
the Roadrunner camera systems memory, ensure that the card is removed from the Roadrunner system.
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1.5.1 Saving Images Onto Compact Flash:
Clarity 2 Processor
Board
Compact Flash Card
Connector
Compact Flash Card
(Top Side of Card)
Figure 1.5 – Side View of Roadrunner Illustrating
location of Compact Flash Card Connector
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1.5.2 Loading Camera Firmware Via Compact Flash Card
NOTE!! In order for this function to work – please ensure that the firmware version running on the
Roadrunner system is Version 5.004 and higher
[ NOTE!! For instructions on Loading Camera Firmware VIA USB – see Section 3.3.4]
In order to load a Binary firmaware (.BIN) file onto the Roadrunner system via Compact Flash Card the
following procedure must be followed:
(IMPORTANT - Please follow each step to its completion)
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Compact Flash Firmware Update Procedure
NOTE!! Make sure that the battery in the camera is new. If battery dies during firmware
update, the FLASH Memory will be permanently corrupted.
Step 1) Copy the firmware update file (*.bin) to the Compact Flash Card.
Step 2) Turn on the power on the camera (USB cable should not be attached)
Step 3) Plug in Compact Flash Card
Step 4) LED 2 on the Roadrunner system should flash as a rapid pace (see Section 1.3). This indicates
that the Roadrunner has identified a Firmware binary file on the Compact Flash card and has
started the update process.
Step 5) Wait for at least 3 mins or until LED 1 on the Roadrunner has illuminated again.
Step 6) Cycle the Power on the Roadrunner.
Step 7) To ensure that the update has taken place – connect the camera to the PC via USB. Then
via the TWAIN menu (see section 3.2) - Click on “Check status” to verify connectivity
between the camera and PC via the USB. (If status indicates no connection – check cable
connection and try again )
NOTE!! If no connection cannot be obtained between the camera and PC, DON’T GO
ANY FURTHER.
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2.0- NTSC
Video Mode
This mode is used to view the pictures stored in the camera`s memory. The camera can also be
programmed in this mode.
NOTE!! IF THE COMPACT FLASH CARD IS INSERTED INTO THE ROADRUNNER – ONLY
FILES/IMAGES CONTAINED ON THE COMPACT FLASH CARD WILL BE DISPLAYED.
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When the camera is turned on and is hooked into a NTSC monitor via a NTSC cable (i.e. is in Graphical
User Interface mode – See section 1.2), the following menu is displayed on the monitor (see Figure 2.0
below):
MAIN
REVIEW
INFO
RECORD
PROCESS
SETUP
ADVANCED
Figure 2.0 Main programming Screen
There are 6 choices that are available from this menu:
1) REVIEW
2) INFO
3) RECORD
4) PROCESS
5) SETUP
6) ADVANCED
To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see section 1.2)
and then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
NOTE!! If there are no pictures in memory (i.e. No pictures have been taken) the first 3 selections :
REVIEW, INFO and RECORD - will be UNAVAILABLE.
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2.1 REVIEW
Selecting “REVIEW” from the Main menu brings up a menu/screen like the one below (see figure 2.1).
From this Menu, there are a further 5 choices
To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see section 1.2)
- then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
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REVIEW
THUMBNAIL
FULL SCREEN
DIRECTORY
SLIDE SHOW
DELETE ALL
DONE
Figure 2.1 Review screen
2.1.1 THUMBNAIL
STEP 1) Selecting “THUMBNAIL” from the “REVIEW” menu allows the user to view all the pictures
contained in the camera memory in a SMALLER THUMBNAIL format. A maximum of 4 thumbnail
pictures can be viewed on a single page/screen. (see Figure 2.1.1 below).
STEP 2) To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see
section 1.2) - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2). This action will take you
to the File info of that image. (See figure 2.1.1b)
STEP 3) TO EXIT: Highlight “DONE” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
FILE INFO
DELETE
PICTURE #2
PICTURE #1
Select to Delete picture
DONE
Size of Picture/file
PICTURE #3
DONE
47 KB
MOT_0018
PICTURE #1
Name of Picture/file
Figure 2.1.1a
SELECTING A PICTURE-BRINGS UP “FILE INFO” ON THAT PICTURE
Figure 2.1.1b
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2.1.2 FULLSCREEN
STEP 1) Selecting “FULLSCREEN” from the “REVIEW” menu allows the user to view all the pictures
contained in the cameras memory in a FULL PAGE/SCREEN format. i.e. 1 picture per page/screen (see
Figure 2.1.2a below).
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STEP 2) To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see
section 1.2) - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2). This action will take you
to the File info of that image. (See figure 2.1.2b)
STEP 3) TO EXIT: Scroll through pictures until the “DONE” screen appears - press the SELECT/ENTER
KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
FILE INFO
DELETE
Select to Delete picture
DONE
PICTURE #1
Size of Picture/file
47 KB
MOT_0018
PICTURE #1
Name of Picture/file
Figure 2.1.2a
SELECTING A PICTURE-BRINGS UP “FILE INFO” ON THAT PICTURE
Figure 2.1.2b
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2.1.3 DIRECTORY
STEP 1) Selecting “DIRECTORY” from the “REVIEW” menu allows the user to view all the FILE
NAMES of the pictures contained in the cameras memory (see Figure 2.1.3a below).
STEP 2) To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see
section 1.2) - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2). This action will take you
to the File info of that image. (See figure 2.1.3b)
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STEP 3) TO EXIT: Highlight “DONE” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
FILE INFO
MOT_0019.JPG
MOT_0018.JPG
DONE
DELETE
Select to Delete picture
DONE
Size of Picture/file
47 KB
MOT_0018
PICTURE #1
Name of Picture/file
2.1.4
SLIDE SHOW
Figure 2.1.3a
SELECTING A PICTURE-BRINGS UP “FILE INFO” ON THAT PICTURE
Figure 2.1.3b
STEP 1) Selecting “SLIDE SHOW” from the “REVIEW” menu allows the user to view all the pictures
contained in the ca1meras memory automatically in predefined intervals of 5-1 seconds. (see Figure 2.1.4a
below).
STEP 2) To make a selection while the Slide Show is going on, - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY
twice (Button 4- see section 1.2) – Once to STOP the show – Two to select the highlighted picture. This
action will take you to the File info of that image. (See figure 2.1.4b)
STEP 3) TO EXIT:
1) If Slide Show is complete - “DONE” - press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
2) The FILE INFO page - Highlight “DONE” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see
section 1.2). Note!! This will take you back to the Slide show – keep pressing the SELECT/ENTER
KEY until you reach the screen that displays- “DONE” - press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4see section 1.2).
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FILE INFO
DELETE
Select to Delete picture
DONE
PICTURE #1,2,3,…….
(switches every 1-5 sec’s)
Size of Picture/file
47 KB
MOT_0018
PICTURE #1
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Name of Picture/file
Figure 2.1.4a
2.1.5
SELECTING A PICTURE-BRINGS UP “FILE INFO” ON THAT PICTURE
Figure 2.1.4b
DELETE ALL
STEP 1) Selecting “DELETE ALL” from the “REVIEW” menu allows the user to delete all the
PICTURES/FILES contained in the cameras memory (see Figure 2.1.5a below).
STEP 2) To DELETE -HIGHLIGHT the “OK” selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see section
1.2) - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2). A Screen like Figure 2.1.5b will
appear informing you that the CAMERA MEMORY is being FORMATTED.
!! IMPORTANT NOTE - DO NOT SHUT DOWN CAMERA WHILE MEMORY FORMATTING
IS IN PROCESS – DOING SO CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE OPERATING SYSTEM. IF THIS
OCCURS PLEASE CONTACT MANUFACTURER – SEE CONTACT INFO FOR DETAILS)
STEP 3) TO CANCEL & EXIT: Highlight “CANCEL” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4see section 1.2).
CONTINUE DELETE
OF ALL IMAGES
FORMATTING MEMORY
OK
CANCEL
Figure 2.1.5a
SELECTING “OK” – FORMATS THE CAMERA MEMORY
Figure 2.1.5b
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2.2 INFO
Selecting “INFO” from the Main menu brings up a menu/screen like the one below (see figure 2.2). The
screen provides the following information to the user:
BATTERY STATUS - please ignore this item until further notice.
VERSION- lists the Software Version the camera is running.
MEMORY- Gives approximate amount of Memory that : - has been used.
- is currently free/not been used.
- total memory.
TO EXIT: Highlight “DONE” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
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1)
2)
3)
INFO
BATTERY FULL
VERSION 3.100
MEMORY
USED 126
FREE 1397
SIZE 1523
DONE
KB
KB
KB
Figure 2.2 Info Screen
2.3 RECORD
Selecting “RECORD” from the Main menu brings up a menu/screen like the one below (see figure 2.3).
From this Menu, there are a further 2 choices:
RECORD
EXP
FORMAT
SAVE
AUTO
FINE
Figure 2.3 Record Screen
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INC.(Button
2005 3 – see section 1.2)
To make a ARCHIVED
selection, just HIGHLIGHT
the selection
using the SCROLL KEY
- then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
Choice 1) EXP – this allows the setting of the cameras Exposure rate. The more the exposure rate is, the
more bright the picture will be, and vice versa (see Figure 2.3.1 below). There are 9 pre-set exposure rates
that the user can choose from:
(To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when
ready to select the option.)
a) AUTO : This causes the camera to automatically set the exposure level.
b) AUTO-0.5 : REDUCES the automatic exposure level.
c) AUTO-1.0 : Further REDUCES the automatic exposure level.
d) AUTO-1.5 : Further REDUCES the automatic exposure level.
e) AUTO-2.0 : Further REDUCES the automatic exposure level.
f) AUTO+0.5 : INCREASES the automatic exposure level.
g) AUTO+1.0 : Further INCREASES the automatic exposure level.
h) AUTO+1.5 : Further INCREASES the automatic exposure level.
i) AUTO+2.0 : Further INCREASES the automatic exposure level.
NOTE!! Please keep this setting at AUTO at all times.
AUTO-2.0
AUTO-1.5
AUTO-1.0
AUTO-.0.5
AUTO
AUTO+0.5
AUTO+1.0
UNDER-EXPOSED
AUTO+1.5
AUTO+2.0
OVER-EXPOSED
Figure 2.3.1
Choice 2) FORMAT – this allows the setting of the PICTURE SIZES. There are 3 different sizes that the
user can choose/select from: (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press the
SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
a) FINE b) ECONOMY c) ZOOM X2 -
Approximately 640 X 480 pixels (largest size available)
Approximately 320 X 240 pixels (smallest size available)
Approximately 320 X 240 pixels (smallest size available)
NOTE!! Selecting the ECONOMY and ZOOM X2 will produce the exact same sized image.
SAVE & EXIT - Highlight “SAVE” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
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2.4 PROCESS
Selecting “PROCESS” from the Main menu brings up a menu/screen like the one below (see figure 2.4).
From this Menu, there are a further 3 choices:
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PROCESS
JPG
CONTRST
WHITE
90
AUTO
AUTO
SAVE
Figure 2.4 Process Screen
To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see section 1.2)
- then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
Choice 1) JPG – This allows the setting of the JPG Compression level. The higher the number this is set
at, the lower the compression level. There are 6 different choices that the user can choose/select from: (To
scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to
select the option.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
90
80
70
60
50
40
Each PICTURE/FILE Approx. 120KB
SIZE
QUALITY
Each PICTURE/FILE Approx. 30KB
Choice 2) CONTRST - This allows the setting of the CONTRAST level. The higher the level that this is
set at, the more the contrast between the light and dark areas will be. (Less gamma correction is applied).
There are 4 different choices that the user can choose/select from: (To scroll between these choices use the
SCROLL KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
The gamma correction is applied by using a exponential curve = X exp(VALUE) – depending on the
“VALUE” we get different CONTRST (gamma correction settings) :
a) AUTO :
This causes the camera to automatically set the contrast level. (Low gamma correction)
Curve = X exp(VALUE) -VALUE is determined by the camera
b) HIGH :
Will increase the contrast level of the picture taken.
Curve = X exp(0.8)
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NORMAL
: Maintains
level of contrast
level of the picture taken.
Curve = X exp(0.6)
d) LOW :
Will decrease the contrast level of the picture taken.
(High gamma correction)
Curve = X exp(0.45)
c)
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Choice 3) WHITE – This allows the setting of the cameras lighting environment. There are 6 different
choices that the user can choose/select from: (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then
press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
AUTO:
FLRSCENT:
TUNGSTEN:
SUN:
SHADE:
OFF:
This causes the camera to automatically set the lighting environment.
Selected for Fluorescent lighting environments.
Selected for Tungsten lighting environments.
Selected for naturally sun lighted environments.
Selected for shaded areas.
Turns this setting off.
NOTE!! Please leave this setting at AUTO.
TO SAVE & EXIT - Highlight “SAVE” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
NOTE!! Please don’t forget to SAVE before exiting.
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2.5 SETUP
Selecting “SETUP” from the Main menu brings up a menu/screen like the one below (see Figure 2.5).
From this Menu, there are a further 6 choices:
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SETUP
TIMEOUT
TV
SHOW
LANG
RESTORE
MORE…
SAVE
NONE
NTSC
1 SEC
ENGLISH
DEFAULTS
Figure 2.5 Setup screen
To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see section 1.2)
- then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
Choice 1) TIMEOUT – this allows the setting of the cameras automatic Power down time. There are 5
pre-set auto shutoff times the user can choose from:
(To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when
ready to select the option.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
90 seconds automatic shutoff.
60 seconds automatic shutoff.
30 seconds automatic shutoff.
15 seconds automatic shutoff.
NONE – No Auto power down.
Choice 2) TV – this allows the setting of the Camera-Video monitor interface. There are 5 pre-set video
monitor interfaces the user can choose from: (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then
press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
NTSC
PAL-B
PAL-M
PAL-N
PAL-CN
NOTE!! Has capability of supporting PAL video systems, but has not been tested.
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Choice 3) SHOW – this allows for the setting of the Slide Show time intervals (used in the REVIEW
MODE). There are 5 pre-set time intervals that the user can choose from: (To scroll between these choices
use the SCROLL KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
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a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
5 Seconds
4 Seconds
3 Seconds
2 Seconds
1 Seconds
Choice 4) LANG – this allows for the setting of the language used in the menus. There 4 pre-set languages
that the user can choose from: (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press the
SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
English
Francais
Deutsche
Espanol
NOTE!! Please use English as the language. Other languages have not been tested.
Choice 5) RESTORE DEFAULTS – this allows for the RESETTING of all the Menu items to DEFAULT
values. To activate, press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to restore the default values)
NOTE!! This action will be carried out as soon as it is SELECTED. Does not need to be SAVED first
before it takes action.
Choice 6) MORE… -when selected, will bring up another screen, which will further give the user more
choices.
Choice 7) FORMAT- Formats the entire memory.
TO SAVE & EXIT - Highlight “SAVE” and press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
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2.6 ADVANCED
Selecting “ADVANCED” from the Main menu brings up a menu/screen like the one below (see figure 2.6).
From this Menu, there are a further 6 choices:
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ADVANCED
SAVE RAW
SEE RAW
MAX EXP
CLR SAT
DIG GAIN
EXP CHNG
SAVE
OFF
OFF
1.0 sec/default
0 percent/default
8.0/default
40 percent/default
Figure 2.6 Advanced programming screen
To make a selection, just HIGHLIGHT the selection using the SCROLL KEY (Button 3 – see section 1.2)
- then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY (Button 4- see section 1.2).
Choice 1) SAVE RAW – This allows the setting of the cameras RAW picture saving capability. When
ON, the camera will save the RAW image as well as the JPG image. (To scroll between the ON/OFF
choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
NOTE!! RAW images are significantly larger than the JPG images, and so when SAVE RAW is ON- it
reduces the amount of memory/pictures that can be taken as compared to when it is turned OFF. Normally
the camera has enough memory to save only 1 Raw image, but if you require to save 2 Raw images then
turn the JPG compression to 50-40 *(see section 2.4 Choice 1).
The time required by the camera to save the 1st Raw image is around 1 minute, while the 2nd one may take
several minutes.
Choice 2) SEE RAW – This allows the setting of the cameras RAW image viewing capability. When ON,
the user will be able to view the RAW image. The image, however, when viewing it through the Video
monitor will appear to be black – this is expected. However, this option also has to be turned ON, if the
RAW images are to be downloaded and viewed on CAMERA DEMO. (To scroll between the ON/OFF
choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
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Choice 3) MAX EXP – This allows the setting of the cameras Maximum Exposure time for the autoexposure algorithm (If the auto exposure routine determines that the exposure time needed is more than
what the MAX EXP is set at, the algorithm will still be forced to use the MAX EXP value as its maximum
exposure time). Theoretically, the more exposure time the camera is set at , the brighter the pictures will be.
There 10 pre-set values that the user can choose from: (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL
KEY - then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
a) 1 second maximum exposure / Default value.
b) 0.5 second maximum exposure.
c) 0.25 second maximum exposure.
d) 0.1 second maximum exposure.
e) 20 millisecond maximum exposure.
f) 5 millisecond maximum exposure.
g) 2.5 millisecond maximum exposure.
h) 1 millisecond maximum exposure.
i) 500 microsecond maximum exposure.
j) 250 microsecond maximum exposure.
Choice 4) CLR SAT - This allows the setting of the cameras Color Saturation level. Theoretically, the
more saturated the colors are, the brighter/contrasted the individual colors become. There are 6 pre-set
values that the user can choose from: (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then press
the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
NOTE!! Typical setting is around 20%-30%
a) 0 percent / Default value
b) 10 percent
c) 20 percent
d) 30 percent
e) 40 percent
f) 50 percent
Choice 5) DIG GAIN - This allows the setting of the cameras digital gain level. This gain refers to the
maximum gain that can be applied to the picture by the software – i.e. post sensor processing. There are 10
pre-set values that the user can choose from: (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY then press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0 / Default Value
9.0
10.0
Small Gain
Large Gain
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2005change per frame by
Choice 6) ARCHIVED
EXP CHNG –BY
ThisFREESCALE
allows the setting
of the cameras maximum
exposure
frame basis which is used determine the exposure time of the camera even when idle. The larger the value
that this setting is set at, the quicker the time required by the camera to settle in on an appropriate exposure
rate. Therefore, as expected the smaller the value the longer time is required. NOTE! There is a possibility
of overshooting the expected exposure rate, if too larger a value is used in this setting. This will create
either over or under exposed pictures. (To scroll between these choices use the SCROLL KEY - then
press the SELECT/ENTER KEY when ready to select the option.)
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NOTE!! Used as a place holder. Will be utilized later
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
0 percent
10 percent
20 percent
30 percent
40 percent / Default Value
50 percent
60 percent
70 percent
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3.0 USB Mode
When in this mode, it allows the user to view pictures, as well as enables the programming of certain logic
parameters via the latest USB TWAIN Driver (supplied by Motorola). To be in this mode, ONLY the
USB cable should be CONNECTED to the camera.
NOTE!! IF THE COMPACT FLASH CARD IS INSERTED INTO THE ROADRUNNER – ONLY
FILES/IMAGES CONTAINED ON THE COMPACT FLASH CARD WILL BE DISPLAYED.
The TWAIN driver menu enables the user to retrieve images directly from the Cameras flash memory. Its
utilizes the USB connection as the main transport mechanism between the PC and Camera.
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3.1 Twain
NOTE!! Although the TWAIN Driver can be installed and used on a variety of Graphics software
programs, for demonstration purposes, this manual utilizes Camera Demo to illustrate the use of the
TWAIN driver menu .
(Camera Demo is a software application designed by Motorola to enable the end user to execute 4
key camera functions: control, capture, processing and analysis of camera images- a copy of Camera
Demo software is available on the Roadrunner Installation CD or upon request).
3.2 Twain Menu
Once the user has completed taking pictures and has attached the camera to a PC via USB and has
opened up a graphics software application containing Motorolas Twain driver, in this case Camera
Demo - To retrieve images from the camera using Twain, click on “Twain” from the main menu.
Step 1) Select the “Select Source” from the Twain sub menu. Choose “Motorola Coyote Twain Driver”
from the list of sources. Then press SELECT. (See figure 4-13 below)
Figure 4-13
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Step 2) Then select “Acquire” from the submenu. From this menu, there is a list of
functions, which can be carried out, they are as follows: (See Figure 14-4 below)
Figure 14-4
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3.3 Using The Twain Menu
This section documents the various functions available via using the Twain Menu. The Twain
Menu acts as the main user I/O between the Roadrunner and the PC via USB.
The functions available via Twain menu are as follows:
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Check Camera Status – Displays the current status information for the camera. This screen
can be used to tell if the Camera is online.
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3.3.1
Figure 1 4-5
3.3.2
Erase All Camera Files – Erases all images (Raw and Jpeg) in the camera. (see figure 14-6
below)
Figure 14-6
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Change Camera Settings – Displays the current Image Capture Settings on the camera. It
also allows the user to change and save some of these settings in real time while connected to the camera
via USB.
Note !! The Parameter/settings which can be changed are highlighted in White.
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3.3.3
Figure 14-7
NOTE- Placing the cursor over the Input Box of each item displays the different Input Value Options for
each of the Image Capture Settings. [DON’T ENTER ANY OTHER VALUES OTHER THAN THE
ONES PREDEFINED].
1)
AUTO_OFF – this allows the setting of the cameras automatic Power down time. There are 5 preset auto shutoff times the user can choose from:
01234-
90 seconds automatic shutoff.
60 seconds automatic shutoff.
30 seconds automatic shutoff.
15 seconds automatic shutoff.
NONE – No Auto power down.
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2)
NTSC_PAL_STATE – this allows the setting of the Camera-Video monitor interface. There are 5
pre-set video monitor interfaces the user can choose from:
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01234-
NTSC
PAL-B
PAL-M
PAL-N
PAL-CN
3)
SLIDE_SHOW - this allows for the setting of the Slide Show time intervals (used in the REVIEW
MODE while reviewing images on the NTSC monitor – see section 2.0). The choices are any time
intervals from 0 to 60 seconds
4)
FLASHMODE – this allows for the Strobe module to be turned On or Off. When turned ON – the
strobe will automatically be fired in low lighting conditions. The choices are as follows:
0Strobe Module Off
1Strobe Module On – automatically fires in low lighting environments.
(Fires when Exposure time is approximately 170+ ms).
2Fill Flash- Not Supported
3Red Eye – Not Supported
5)
GAMMA - This allows the setting of the CONTRAST level. The higher the level that this is set at,
the more the contrast between the light and dark areas will be. (Less gamma correction is applied).
There are 4 different choices that the user can choose/select from: The gamma correction is applied
by using a exponential curve = X exp(VALUE) – depending on the “VALUE” we get different
Contrast (gamma correction settings) :
0AUTO : This causes the camera to automatically set the contrast level
Curve = X exp(VALUE) -VALUE is determined by the camera
1HIGH : Will increase the contrast level of the picture taken.
Curve = X exp(0.8)
2NORMAL :
Maintains average level of contrast level of the picture taken.
Curve = X exp(0.6)
3LOW : Will decrease the contrast level of the picture taken.
Curve = X exp(0.45)
6)
JPEG - This allows the setting of the JPG Compression level. The higher the number this is set at,
the lower the compression level. There are 6 different choices that the user can choose/select from:
a) 90
b) 80
c) 70
d) 60
e) 50
f) 40
g) 30
h) 20
i) 10
7)
IMAGE NUMBER INDEX – This allows the user to set what the next MOT_XXX image number
will be.
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8)
RES_FACTOR – This allows the user to select the size of the image being captured.0
Please don’t make any changes to this item at this time.
9)
SPEAKER – Please don’t make any changes to this item.
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10) WHITE_BAL - This allows the setting of the cameras lighting environment. There are 6 different
choices that the user can choose/select from:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
AUTO:
FLRSCENT:
TUNGSTEN:
SUN:
SHADE:
OFF:
This causes the camera to automatically set the lighting environment.
Selected for Fluorescent lighting environments.
Selected for Tungsten lighting environments.
Selected for naturally sun lighted environments.
Selected for shaded areas.
Turns this setting off.
11) SAVE RAW – This allows the setting of the cameras RAW picture saving capability. When ON, the
camera will save the RAW image as well as the JPG image.
NOTE!! RAW images are significantly larger than the JPG images, and so when SAVE RAW is ON- it
reduces the amount of memory/pictures that can be taken as compared to when it is turned OFF. Normally
the camera has enough memory to save only 1 Raw image, but if you require to save 2 Raw images then
turn the JPG compression to 50-40 *(see section 2.4 Choice 1).
The time required by the camera to save the 1st Raw image is around 1 minute, while the 2nd one may take
several minutes.
12) DOVFORMAT – Please don’t make any changes to this item – Default Value “0”.
13) MODEL DEPENDENT - Please don’t make any changes to this item – Default Value “0”.
14) SEE RAW – This allows the setting of the cameras RAW image viewing capability. When ON, the
user will be able to view the RAW image. The image, however, when viewing it through the Video monitor
will appear to be black – this is expected. However, this option also has to be turned ON, if the RAW
images are to be downloaded and viewed on CAMERA DEMO.
15) SATURATION - This allows the setting of the cameras Color Saturation level. Theoretically, the more
saturated the colors are, the brighter/contrasted the individual colors become. There are 6 pre-set values that
the user can choose from:
a) 0 percent / Default value
b) 10 percent
c) 20 percent
d) 30 percent
e) 40 percent
f) 50 percent
16) MAX EXPOSURE - This allows the setting of the cameras Maximum Exposure time for the autoexposure algorithm (If the auto exposure routine determines that the exposure time needed is more than
what the MAX EXP is set at, the algorithm will still be forced to use the MAX EXP value as its maximum
exposure time). Theoretically, the more exposure time the camera is set at , the brighter the pictures will be.
They’re 9 pre-set values that the user can choose from:
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a)ARCHIVED
250 microseconds
b) 500 microseconds
c) 1000 microseconds
d) 2500 microseconds
e) 20000 microseconds
f) 100000 microseconds
g) 250000 microseconds
h) 500000 microseconds
i) 1000000 microseconds
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16) MAX DIGITAL GAIN - This allows the setting of the cameras digital gain level. This gain refers to
the maximum gain that can be applied to the picture by the software – i.e. post sensor processing. There are
10 pre-set values that the user can choose from:
a)
b)
c)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
Small Gain
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
9.0
10.0
17) AEC CENTER POINT – This allows the user to select the Automatic Exposure (AEC) algorithms
center point. The entire dynamic range is a 10bit (0 – 1024 DN). The center point is entered as a
percentage of the entire dynamic range. i.e. The normal median value that the AEC uses is 360 which is
approximately 35%. There are 8 pre-set values that the user can choose from:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
55%
60%
18) COLFIX METHOD – This allows the user to choose between two types of Fixed Pattern Column
Noise (FPN). The default FPN is Method 1.
NOTE! If 2 Distinct Columns (Noise) are appearing on the left hand corner of the image – select/use
Method 2.
19) IMAGEPROCESSING - Please don’t make any changes to this item – Default Value “1”.
20) STATS AREA – This allows the user to select which portion of the image captured is to be used for
statistical gathering. These statistics are used by the Automatic Exposure (AEC) algorithm to determine
the optimal exposure level for the image.
123-
Whole Image – Ideal for Indoor images.
Southern Horizon – Ideal for bright outdoor images.
Quarter Center – Ideal for Portrait images.
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21) LOSSLESS
- Please don’t
make any changes
to this item – DefaultINC.
Value
“0”.
22) FIXED EXPOSURE- This allows the user to overide the Automatic Exposure (AEC) algorithm by
entering a value (in microseconds) that is smaller or equal to the value defined in MAX EXPOSURE. The
range that can be entered is 1-1000 microseconds.
NOTE! Setting this value to “0” – switches the AEC ON again.
1- Color:
2-Grayscale:
Takes Color images
Takes Black and White images
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23) COLOR/GRAYSCALE – This allows the user to select between Monochrome or Color images.
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3.3.4
Load Camera Firmware Via USB– Picks a camera firmware (binary) file and send its to
the camera. Used to load another version of firmware into the camera : (before clicking on this button –
follow the following download procedure).
[ NOTE!! For instructions on Loading Camera Firmware VIA Compact Flash Card – see
Section 1.5.2)]
Firmware Update Procedure
NOTE!! Make sure that the battery in the camera is new. If battery dies during firmware
update, the FLASH Memory will be permanently corrupted.
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(IMPORTANT - Please follow each step to its completion)
Step 1)
Step 2)
Step 3)
Step 4)
Step 5)
Step 6)
Step 7)
Copy the firmware update file (*.bin) to the PC.
Cycle the power on the camera (USB cable should not be attached)
Plug in USB cable.
Run Camera Demo.
Click on “Twain” from the main menu.
Click on “Acquire” from the Twain Submenu.
Click on “Check status” to verify connectivity between the camera and PC via the USB. (If
status indicates no connection – check cable connection and try again )
NOTE!! If no connection cannot be obtained between the camera and PC, DON’T GO
ANY FURTHER.
Step 8) Click on “Load Camera Firmware”
Step 9) Browse until you locate the firmware file you copied onto the PC (i.e. the file you wish to
download). (see figure 14-8 below)
Step 10) Select the file and click on “Open”.
Step 11) DO NOT TOUCH THE CAMERA UNTIL –
(a) Camera Demo displays message indicating download is complete, and
NOTE!! This doesn’t mean download process is complete!! Software is still
being burnt into cameras firmware at this point)
(b) You have waited a further 2 minutes until the software is burnt in the
cameras firmware.
Step 12) Unplug USB cable from camera.
Step 13) Cycle the power on the camera.
Figure 14-8
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3.3.5
Grab a New Picture – Takes a RAW image and uploads it to the Graphic software
application being used. Note!! This RAW image is not saved on the Roadrunner camera system. If the user
wants the image saved it must be done on the PC side.
3.3.6
Work Offline – Opens a DCA archive file without attempting to talk to the camera.
3.3.7
Connect to Camera – Gets images from the camera or archive file selected. There are
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number of options available when this is selected: (See figure 14-9 below)
NOTE!! IF THE COMPACT FLASH CARD IS INSERTED INTO THE ROADRUNNER – ONLY
FILES/IMAGES CONTAINED ON THE COMPACT FLASH CARD WILL BE DISPLAYED.
Figure 14-9
NOTE!!
To Select a image:
i) Point to the image
ii) Right Click on the mouse button
(A selected image has dark black borders surrounding it).
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a)
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Files – Transfers
Selected filesSEMICONDUCTOR,
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to the2005
computer directory of your choice.
NOTE!! If a RAW image is to be uploaded and viewed in Camera Demo, it MUST first be
transferred (saved) from the camera memory into the computer directory. Then it can be uploaded
into Camera Demo using the “Load Coyote Raw” from the Options Menu.
b) Open Camera – Please Don’t Touch this button.
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c)
Scan Folder – Please Don’t Touch this button.
d) Image Info – displays various information on the Selected image. (if more than one
image is selected- it will display info of one image at a time-see figure
14-10).
Figure 14-10
Further detailed information of that particular image can be retrieved by pressing the JPEG Info button. It
will bring up a menu like illustrated in figure 14-11 below:
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Figure 14-11
e)
Select All – Selects all the images displayed.
f)
Erase Selection - Erases the current image selected. Note to Erase all the imagesfirst Select all and then Erase selection.
g) Take New – Takes a still image (JPEG Compressed) while the Camera is tethered to the PC.
h) Load – Please Don’t Touch this button.
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CancelARCHIVED
– Takes you back
the main TwainSEMICONDUCTOR,
sub menu (see figure 14-4).
Done – Return to the application without an image.
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3.3.8
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4.0 Simple Operational Instructions
This section outlines how to carry out some basic imaging operations on the Roadrunner system:
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4.1 Taking a Picture/Image
To take an image on the Roadrunner and save it to the system either by its internal memory or via
Compact Flash card –
1)
View picture through the viewfinder optics
2)
Wait until the Cameras Automatic Exposure has locked, i.e. LED1 (see section 1.3) has
illuminated
3)
Press Button 4 (see section 1.2).
4)
Wait until LED 2 has stopped blinking before taking another image.
4.2 Taking an Image via USB
To take an image on the Roadrunner while it is tethered to a PC Via USB and save it to the
system memory of Compact Flash- refer to section 3.37 (g).
4.3 Taking a RAW Image
To take a RAW image on the Roadrunner and save it to the system either by its internal memory
or via compact flash card –
1)
Attach the Roadrunner to the PC via USB and bring up the TWAIN Menu.
2)
Under the “Change Camera Settings” on the TWAIN Menu (see section 3.3.3) – Change
the “SAVE RAW” setting from 0 to 1.
3)
Also under the “Change Camera Settings” – Change the “See RAW” setting from 0 to
1
4)
Unhook the Roadrunner from the USB cable and follow same procedure as in
section 4.1.
Note !! This will save both a RAW and JPEG image onto the Roadrunner system.
4.4 Taking a RAW Image via USB
To take an RAW image on the Roadrunner while it is tethered to a PC Via USB and save it to the
system memory of Compact Flash- refer to section 3.35.
4.5 Viewing Images Via NTSC Video
To view images saved on the Roadrunner camera system on a Video monitor – refer to
section 2.0 for more information.
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4.6 Viewing/Downloading Images Via USB on the PC
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To view images saved on the Roadrunner camera system on a Video monitor – refer to
sections 3.0 and 3.3.7 for more information.
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5.0 Contact
Information
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If you encounter any problems with the Roadrunner camera system, or if you have any further
questions or comments regarding the system, please contact:
Image Capture Operations Systems Group
Mike Skow
1300N Alma School Road,
Chandler, Arizona.
USA
85224
Email: R39936@email.sps.mot.com
Telephone: (480) 814-3220
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6.0 Hardware
References
1) For more information on the SXGA sensor (MM20027
– refer to the MM20027ata sheet [ SXGA DATSHEET.pdf]
2) For more information on the SXGA sensor (MM20014
– refer to the MM20014 data sheet [ VGA DATSHEET.pdf]
4) For more information on the CLARITY2 ASIC
- refer to “CLARITY2BRIEFDESCRIPTION.pdf”
- refer to “CLARITY_2_ASIC_SPECIFICATIONS.pdf”
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3) For more information on the Roadrunner camera systems
- refer to “Roadrunner Application Note”
For more information and PDF versions of the aforementioned
documents can be found on our website:
www.motorola.com/adc/imaging
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IMPORTANT NOTICE
Motorola reserve the right to make changes to their products or to discontinue any product or service without notice, and
advise customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information to verify, before placing orders, that information being
relied on is current and complete. All products are sold subject to the terms and conditions of sale supplied at the time of
order acknowledgement, including those pertaining to warranty, patent infringement, and limitation of liability. Motorola
warrants performance of its semiconductor products to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in accordance with
Motorola’s standard warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are utilized to the extent Motorola deems
necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily performed, except
those mandated by government requirements.
CERTAIN APPLICATIONS USING SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS MAY INVOLVE POTENTIAL RISKS OF DEATH,
PERSONAL INJURY, OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE (“CRITICAL APPLICATIONS”).
MOTOROLA SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED, AUTHORIZED, OR WARRANTED TO BE
SUITABLE FOR USE IN LIFE-SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS OR OTHER CRITICAL APPLICATIONS.
INCLUSION OF MOTOROLA PRODUCTS IN SUCH APPLICATIONS ARE UNDERSTOOD TO BE FULLY AT THE
CUSTOMER’S RISK.
In order to minimize risks associated with the customer’s applications, adequate design and operating safeguards must be
provided by the customer to minimize inherent or procedural hazards. Motorola assumes no liability for applications
assistance or customer product design.
Motorola does not warrant or represent that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any patent right,
copyright, mask work right, or other intellectual property right of Motorola covering or relating to any combination,
machine, or process in which such semiconductor products or services might be or are used. Motorola’s publication of
information regarding any third party’s products or services does not constitute Motorola’s approval, warranty or
endorsement thereof.
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