Model 6510e User`s Manual

Model 6510e
Single-Phase
Power Analyzer
User’s Manual
Purchase Record
Please record all model numbers and serial numbers of your
Magtrol equipment, along with the general purchase information.
The model number and serial number can be found on either
a silver identification plate or white label affixed to each unit.
Refer to these numbers whenever you communicate with a
Magtrol representative about this equipment.
Model Number:
_____________________________
Serial Number:
_____________________________
Purchase Date:
_____________________________
Purchased From:
_____________________________
While every precaution has been exercised in the compilation of this document to
ensure the accuracy of its contents, Magtrol, Inc. assumes no responsibility for errors or
omissions. Additionally, no liability is assumed for any damages that may result from the
use of the information contained within this publication.
Copyright
Copyright ©2001-2005 Magtrol, Inc. All rights reserved.
Copying or reproduction of all or any part of the contents of this manual without the
express permission of Magtrol is strictly prohibited.
Trademarks
LabVIEW™ is a trademark of National Instruments Corporation.
National Instruments™ is a trademark of National Instruments Corporation.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Preliminary Manual, Rev. F – November 2005
Safety Precautions
1. Make sure that all Magtrol dynamometers and electronic products are earth-grounded, to ensure
personal safety and proper operation.
2. Securely ground the 6510e Power Analyzer case by connecting a good earth ground at the ground
stud located on the rear panel of the unit. Use a number 12 AWG, or larger wire.
3. Check line voltage before operating.
4. Make sure that dynamometers and motors under test are equipped with appropriate safety
guards.
Revisions To This Manual
The contents of this manual are subject to change without prior notice. Should revisions be necessary, updates to all
Magtrol User’s Manuals can be found at Magtrol’s web site at www.magtrol.com/support/manuals.htm.
Please compare the date of this manual with the revision date on the web site, then refer to the manual’s Table of
Revisions for any changes/updates that have been made since this edition.
Revision Date
Preliminary Manual, Revision F – November 2005
Table of Revisions
Date
11/03/05
11/03/05
08/10/05
09/30/03
06/19/03
06/19/03
06/19/02
05/20/02
05/20/02
Edition
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. F
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. F
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. E
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. D
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. C
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. C
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. B
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. A
Preliminary Manual,
Rev. A
Change
Corrected time it takes for a new input to fully average
(0.07323388 ms –> 73.23388 ms).
Updated crest factor and display range ratings.
Section(s)
4.2.1.2 &
4.2.2.2
1.3
External sensor input maximum voltage from ±10 V to ±1 V
AC/DC
Correction: Line voltage - no setup required.
1.3, 2.5
3.1.1
Added configuration commands IS and IC to start/clear average 5.6.1
mode.
Added data output command OAVE to retrieve displayed
5.6.2
values.
Added analog output option information to data sheet.
1.3
Changed mV/A to A/mV in External Sensor Scale Factor Setup 3.3.3.2
Menu graphic
Updated units and value range of SE1m2<terminator>
5.6.1
command code
ii
Table of Contents
Safety Precautions..........................................................................................................................i
Revisions To This Manual................................................................................................................ii
Revision Date..................................................................................................................................................................ii
Table of Revisions.......................................................................................................................................................ii
Table of Contents...........................................................................................................................iii
Table of Figures......................................................................................................................................................... vi
Preface............................................................................................................................................... vii
Purpose of This Manual........................................................................................................................................vii
Who Should Use This Manual.............................................................................................................................vii
Manual Organization............................................................................................................................................vii
Conventions Used in This Manual................................................................................................................. viii
1. Introduction.................................................................................................................................1
1.1 Unpacking Your 6510e Power Analyzer...................................................................................................... 1
1.2 New Features of the 6510e Power Analyzer............................................................................................ 1
1.3 Data Sheet................................................................................................................................................................. 2
2. Controls..........................................................................................................................................5
2.1 Front Panel.............................................................................................................................................................. 5
2.2 Front Panel Controls and Buttons........................................................................................................... 5
2.2.1 Enabling Secondary Functions..................................................................................................... 6
2.2.2 Using Front Panel Controls and Buttons............................................................................... 6
2.3 Vacuum Fluorescent Display (VFD)............................................................................................................. 8
2.3.1 Contrast Settings................................................................................................................................. 8
2.3.2 Display Guide............................................................................................................................................ 9
2.4 Rear Panel.............................................................................................................................................................. 10
2.5 Rear Panel Inputs and Outputs.................................................................................................................. 10
3. Installation/Configuration...................................................................................................13
3.1 Powering up the 6510e........................................................................................................................................ 13
3.1.1 Line Voltage............................................................................................................................................ 13
3.1.2 Self-Test................................................................................................................................................... 13
3.1.3 Main Menu................................................................................................................................................ 14
3.2 Protecting Your 6510e....................................................................................................................................... 15
3.2.1 Transient Overloads......................................................................................................................... 15
3.2.2 Current Overload.............................................................................................................................. 15
3.2.3 Surge Protection................................................................................................................................. 15
3.2.4 Circuit Breakers.................................................................................................................................. 16
3.3 Testing Instrumentation Setup.................................................................................................................. 17
3.3.1 Wiring Mode............................................................................................................................................ 17
3.3.2 Measurement Filter........................................................................................................................... 18
3.3.3 External Sensor.................................................................................................................................. 19
3.3.4 Amp Scaling............................................................................................................................................. 21
3.3.5 Volts Scaling......................................................................................................................................... 23
iii
Table of Contents
3.3.6
3.3.7
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Phase Setup.............................................................................................................................................. 24
Special Functions................................................................................................................................ 25
4. Operating Principles................................................................................................................27
4.1 Analog Processing............................................................................................................................................ 27
4.1.1 Volts........................................................................................................................................................... 27
4.1.2 Amps............................................................................................................................................................. 28
4.1.3 External Shunt.................................................................................................................................... 29
4.2 Digital Processing............................................................................................................................................. 29
4.2.1 AC Details................................................................................................................................................. 30
4.2.2 DC Details................................................................................................................................................. 32
4.2.3 Round-Off Error . ................................................................................................................................ 34
4.3 Measurement Modes......................................................................................................................................... 34
4.3.1 Peak ............................................................................................................................................................ 34
4.3.2 Peak Hold / Inrush Current............................................................................................................ 35
4.3.3 DC.................................................................................................................................................................. 35
4.3.4 RMS............................................................................................................................................................... 36
4.3.5 Crest Factor........................................................................................................................................... 36
4.4 Measurement Methods................................................................................................................................... 36
4.4.1 Cycle-by-Cycle Mode......................................................................................................................... 36
4.4.2 Continuous Mode................................................................................................................................. 36
5. Computer Controlled Operation.......................................................................................37
5.1 About the GPIB Interface............................................................................................................................... 37
5.1.1 Installing the GPIB/IEEE-488 Connector Cable..................................................................... 37
5.1.2 Changing the GPIB Primary Address.......................................................................................... 37
5.2 About the RS-232 Interface............................................................................................................................ 38
5.2.1 Connection.............................................................................................................................................. 38
5.2.2 Communication Parameters.......................................................................................................... 39
5.2.3Baud Rate.................................................................................................................................................. 39
5.3 Checking the 6510e-to-PC Connection...................................................................................................... 39
5.4 Data Format........................................................................................................................................................... 40
5.4.1OT Example . ............................................................................................................................................ 40
5.4.2OE Example ............................................................................................................................................. 41
5.4.3OA/OV/OW/OF Example.......................................................................................................................... 41
5.5 Programming........................................................................................................................................................ 41
5.5.1 Data Termination Characters...................................................................................................... 41
5.6 6510e Communication Commands................................................................................................................ 42
5.6.1 Configuration Commands............................................................................................................... 42
5.6.2 Data Output Commands.................................................................................................................... 44
6. Calibration...................................................................................................................................45
6.1 Closed-Box Calibration................................................................................................................................. 45
6.2 Calibration Schedule...................................................................................................................................... 45
6.3 Calibration Commands................................................................................................................................... 45
6.4Basic Calibration Process............................................................................................................................. 46
iv
Table of Contents
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
7. Optional Features.....................................................................................................................48
7.1 Analog Outputs.................................................................................................................................................. 48
7.1.1 Specifications........................................................................................................................................ 48
7.1.2 Channel Assignments........................................................................................................................ 48
7.1.3Hardware Connection...................................................................................................................... 49
7.1.4 Software Configuration................................................................................................................. 49
7.1.5 Calibration............................................................................................................................................. 50
8. Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................52
Appendix A: Schematics................................................................................................................53
A.1Main Board - DSP, RAM, FLASH......................................................................................................................... 53
A.2main board - input/output, gpib, rs-232.................................................................................................... 54
A.3main board - fpga............................................................................................................................................... 55
A.4Input Module - Current.................................................................................................................................. 56
A.5Input Module - voltage................................................................................................................................... 57
A.6Key Pad..................................................................................................................................................................... 58
A.7Analog Output..................................................................................................................................................... 59
Glossary............................................................................................................................................63
Index......................................................................................................................................................64
Magtrol Limited Warranty..........................................................................................................66
Claims.............................................................................................................................................................................. 66
Service Information.......................................................................................................................67
Returning Magtrol equipment for Repair and/or Calibration...................................................... 67
Returning Equipment to Magtrol, Inc. (United States)................................................................. 67
Returning Equipment to Magtrol SA (Switzerland)...................................................................... 67
Table of Contents
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Table of Figures
2. Controls
Figure 2–1
Figure 2–2
Figure 2–3
Figure 2–4
Figure 2–5
Figure 2–6
Figure 2–7
Front Panel ...............................................................................................................................................5
Secondary Function Menu.........................................................................................................................6
Device Setup Menu....................................................................................................................................9
Rear Panel...............................................................................................................................................10
Input Module...........................................................................................................................................10
RS-232C Interface...................................................................................................................................11
GPIB/IEEE-488 Interface.......................................................................................................................11
3. Installation/Configuration
Figure 3–1 Program Download Display....................................................................................................................13
Figure 3–2 Title Display............................................................................................................................................13
Figure 3–3 Revision Display......................................................................................................................................14
Figure 3–4 Phase Main Menu....................................................................................................................................14
Figure 3–5 Custom Main Menu.................................................................................................................................14
Figure 3–6 Transient Voltage Suppression.................................................................................................................16
Figure 3–7 Single-Phase, Two-Wire Wiring Schematic.............................................................................................17
Figure 3–8 Single-Phase, Two-Wire Wiring Connection...........................................................................................17
Figure 3–9 Sensor Substituton Wiring Schematic......................................................................................................19
Figure 3–10 Sensor Substitution Wiring Connection.................................................................................................19
Figure 3–11 External Sensor Scale Factor Setup Menu............................................................................................20
Figure 3–12 Current/Potential Transformer Connection...........................................................................................21
Figure 3–13 Amp Scaling Setup Menu.......................................................................................................................21
Figure 3–14 Amp/Volt Scaling Activated...................................................................................................................22
Figure 3–15 Volt Scaling Setup Menu........................................................................................................................23
Figure 3–16 Cycle-by-Cycle Mode............................................................................................................................24
Figure 3–17 Hold Mode.............................................................................................................................................25
Figure 3–18 Average Mode........................................................................................................................................25
Figure 3–19 Peak Hold Clear Display.......................................................................................................................26
Figure 3–20 Custom Display.....................................................................................................................................26
4. Operating Principles
Figure 4-1 Peak Example...........................................................................................................................................34
Figure 4–2 Peak Hold/Inrush Current Example........................................................................................................35
Figure 4–3 Crest Factor Example..............................................................................................................................36
5. Computer Controlled Operation
Figure 5–1
Figure 5–2
Figure 5–3
Figure 5–4
Figure 5–5
GPIB Installation....................................................................................................................................37
GPIB Address Setup Menu......................................................................................................................38
RS-232 Interface......................................................................................................................................38
Cable Connection Using Null Modem....................................................................................................38
RS-232 Baud Rate Setup Menu...............................................................................................................39
6. Calibration
Figure 6–1 Calibration/Verification Test Setup..........................................................................................................46
Figure 6–2 Calibration Mode Enabled......................................................................................................................46
7. Optional Features
Figure 7–1 Analog Output.........................................................................................................................................48
Figure 7–2 Analog Output Setup Menu.....................................................................................................................49
vi
Preface
Purpose of This Manual
This manual contains all the information required for the installation and general use of the Model
6510e Power Analyzer. To achieve maximum capability and ensure proper use of the instrument,
please read this manual in its entirety before operating. Keep the manual in a safe place for quick
reference whenever a question should arise.
Who Should Use This Manual
This manual is intended for those operators who are planning to use the Model 6510e Power Analyzer
for power measurement purposes either as a stand-alone instrument or in conjunction with any Magtrol
Hysteresis, Eddy-Current or Powder Brake Dynamometer, any Magtrol Dynamometer Controller
and M-TEST Motor Testing Software.
Manual Organization
This section gives an overview of the structure of the manual and the information contained within it.
Some information has been deliberately repeated in different sections of the document to minimize
cross-referencing and to facilitate understanding through reiteration.
The structure of the manual is as follows:
Chapter 1:
Introduction - Contains the technical data sheet for the 6510e Power
Analyzer, which describes the unit and provides its mechanical and electrical
characteristics.
Chapter 2:
CONTROLS - Description of the elements located on the front and rear panels of
the unit.
Chapter 3:
Installation/Configuration - Provides information needed for setup of the
6510e including wiring mode, measurement filter, external sensor, amp scaling and
volt scaling along with phase setup instructions and special functions available.
Chapter 4:OPERATING PRINCIPLES - Information pertaining to theory of operation including
analog processing, digital processing, measurement modes and measurement
methods.
Chapter 5:
COMPUTER CONTROLLED OPERATION - How to run a test when the 6510e
is used with a PC. Includes information on IEEE-488 and RS-232 Interface, data
format, programming and command set.
Chapter 6:
Calibration - Provides recommended calibration schedules along with stepby-step instructions for the calibration procedure.
Chapter 7:
optional features - Provides information regarding various optional features
available with the 6510e including analog outputs.
Chapter 8:
Troubleshooting - Solutions to common problems encountered during setup
and testing.
Appendix A:
SCHEMATICS - For the main board, input modules, key pad and analog output.
Glossary:
List of abbreviations and terms used in this manual, along with their definitions.
vii
Preface
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Conventions Used in This Manual
The following symbols and type styles may be used in this manual to highlight certain parts of the
text:
Note:
Caution:
This is intended to draw the operator’s attention to complementary
information or advice relating to the subject being treated. It
introduces information enabling the correct and optimal functioning
of the product to be obtained.
This is used to draw the operator’s attention to information,
directives, procedures, etc. which, if ignored, may result
in damage being caused to the material being used. The
associated text describes the necessary precautions to take
and the consequences that may arise if the precautions are
ignored.
WARNING!
This introduces directives, procedures,
precautionary measures, etc. which must be
executed or followed with the utmost care
and attention, otherwise the personal safety
of the operator or third party may be put at risk. The reader must absolutely take note
of the accompanying text, and act upon it,
before proceeding further.
viii
1.1
Introduction
Unpacking Your 6510e Power Analyzer
Your 6510e Power Analyzer was packaged in reusable, shock resistant packing material that will
protect the instrument during normal handling.
1. Make sure the carton contains the following:
MODEL 6510e
POWER ANALYZER
ENTER
DISPLAY
DC
RMS
PEAK-CF
DC
RMS
PEAK-CF
SOURCE
AVG
PEAK HOLD
AUTO
CYC-CONT
W-VA-PF
HOLD
AUTO
CURRENT RANGE
USER MENU
SHIFT
VOLTAGE RANGE
6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Line cord
Magtrol
User Manual
CD-Rom
Banana Jack Connectors (4 each per phase)
Isolated BNC Sensor
Connectors (1 each per phase)
Calibration Certificate
2. Inspect the contents for any evidence of damage in shipping. In the event of shipping damage,
immediately notify the carrier and Magtrol’s Customer Service Department.
Note:
Save all shipping cartons and packaging material for reuse when
returning the instrument for calibration or servicing.
1.2New Features of the 6510e Power Analyzer
Magtrol’s new Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer is an upgraded version of the 6510. The
new features that make the unit unique include:
•
•
•
•
Analog Outputs: Plug-in module that provides 12 channels of analog output corresponding
to volts, amps and watts.
Peak Hold: Allows the unit to store the highest value read since the last peak hold was
cleared. Values can include amps, watts and volts in any preferred combination.
Average: Will average the volts, amps and watts over the period that the average function
is enabled.
Custom Readout: Display can be configured to present data in any desired format.
GENERAL
INFORMATION
1.
Chapter 1 – Introduction
M
AGTROL
Data Sheet
6510e/6530
Data Sheet
Models 6510e and 6530
Power Analyzers
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Single/Three-Phase Capabilities: For single (6510e)
or three-phase (6530) power measurements
Ranges: Up to 600 Vrms @ 20 A continuous duty
Interfaces: RS-232 & IEEE-488
Data Transfer Rates: Up to 100 per second
Accuracy: Up to 0.1%
Vacuum Fluorescent Display: High-quality, easy-toread, customizable readout displays volts, amps, power
and power factor
Measurement: Continuous or cycle-by-cycle
Bandwidth: DC up to 100 kHz
Input Power: Accepts 120/240 Vrms, 60/50 Hz power
at 20 VA max
Auto Ranging: Automatically scales instrument for
most accurate range
Isolation: 1000 Vrms to earth, 750 Vrms line-to-line
Average: Displays running average of amps, volts and
watts
Peak Hold: Stores the highest value read. Values can
include amps, watts and volts in any combination
Analog Outputs: Plug-in module provides 12
channels of analog output corresponding to volts, amps
and watts
External Shunt Input
Calibration Certificate: NIST Traceable
Rack Mounting: 19” (482.6 mm) with handles
DesCription
The Magtrol 6510e and 6530 Power Analyzers are easyto-use instruments ideal for numerous power measurement
applications. From DC to 100 kHz AC, the 6510e/6530
measures volts, amps, watts, volt-amps, frequency, crest
factor, Vpeak, Apeak and power factor in one convenient
display.They may be used either as stand-alone instruments
or in conjunction with any Magtrol Hysteresis, Eddy-Current
or Powder Brake Dynamometer; any Magtrol Dynamometer
Controller and M-TEST Software for more demanding motor
test applications.
appliCations
•
•
•
•
•
•
Motors and Drives
Lighting Fixtures/Ballasts
Office Equipment
Household Appliances
Power Tools
HVAC Equipment
•
•
•
•
Calibration of Test and
Measuring Instruments
Switching Power
Supplies
Power Inverters
Transformers
The 6510e’s/6530’s data transfer rate makes it ideal for both
static and dynamic tests.
system ConFigurations
Motor Under Test
MODEL DSP6001
POWER
TORQUE
SPEED
BRAKE STATUS
SET POINT
SET POINT
DYNAMOMETER CONTROLLER
STATUS
POWER
P
I
D
DSP6001 Dynamometer Controller
VOLTS
AMPS
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
V
20 A
MAX.
AMPS
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
±±
±
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
VOLTS
AV
V
1000 V
MAX.
AC/DC
Input Power
±
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
PC
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
MAGTROL INC.
AMPS
V
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
±
±
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
AC/DC
Input Power
GPIB
Card
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
EXT.
SYNC.
M-TEST
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
MODEL 6530
THREE-PHASE POWER ANALYZER
VOLTS
Appliances, Ballasts,
Drives, etc.
AMPS
750 V
MAX.
±±
±±
Magtrol Dynamometer
VOLTS
AV
±
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
RS-232
or
GPIB
PC
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
EXT.
SYNC.
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
MAGTROL INC.
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
MODEL 6510e
SINGLE-PHASE POWER ANALYZER
www.magtrol.com
GENERAL
INFORMATION
1.3
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Chapter 1 – Introduction
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
6510e/6530
VOLTAGE INPUT
CURRENT INPUT
EXTERNAL SENSOR INPUT
Ranges
30 V, 150 V, 300 V, 600 V 1 A, 5 A, 10 A, 20 A
50 mV, 250 mV, 500 mV, 1 V
Maximum Voltage 750 V AC/DC terminal (V)
1000 V AC/DC
±1 V AC/DC
to terminal (±) and
terminal to ground
1000 V AC/DC terminal
to earth ground
Crest Factor
1.7 @ full scale input
2.7 @ full scale input
2.4 @ full scale input
Impedance
2 M7
12 M7
17 M7
Display Range
5 digits with 1 mV
5 digits with 1 mA
5 digits with 1 µV
resolution
resolution
resolution
ACCURACY
DC
±(0.1% Reading + 0.2% Range)
5 Hz – 500 Hz
±(0.1% Reading + 0.1% Range)
500 Hz – 10 kHz
±((0.015 × F(kHz)% Reading) + 0.3% Range)
10 kHz – 100 kHz
±((0.015 × F(kHz)% Reading) + 0.3% Range)
> 100 kHz
POWER
--------5 digits with 1 mW
resolution
0.4% of VA range
0.2% of VA range
0.6% of VA range
0.6% + (0.03% ×
F(kHz)% of VA range)
N/A (measurement band limited to DC–100 kHz)
Source
Accuracy
EXT. Input
Input Impedance
Voltage Level
Maximum Voltage
FREQUENCY
V1, A1, V2, A2, V3, A3, LINE or EXT
(For Vx and Ax, source input must be >10% of range setting)
20 Hz to 500 Hz; 0.05%
BNC non-isolated, earth ground referenced
100 k7
TTL / CMOS
50 V
DIMENSIONS
Width
19.0 in 483 mm
Height
3.5 in 89 mm
Depth
12.4 in 315 mm
with handles
13.8 in 351 mm
Weight
12.97 lb 5.88 kg
Front Panel
Ready
for Rack
Mounting
Custom
Display
Setup
Phase and
Summation Data
Amp Readings
(DC, RMS, Peak,
Crest Factor and
Peak Hold/Inrush)
Current
Auto Ranging
Volt Readings
(DC, RMS, Peak,
Crest Factor and
Peak Hold/Inrush)
Voltage
Auto Ranging
Continuous or Cycle-by-Cycle
Measurement Mode
Cycle-by-Cycle
Synchronized
Source
Averaging of Volts,
Amps and Watts
Holds Current Value
Calculate Watts,
Vrms × Arms and
Power Factor
rear Panel
Phase Input Module
3 for 6530 (as shown), 1 for 6510e
External
Sensor Input
External Sync. Input
(Cycle-by-Cycle Synchronization)
Voltage
Input
Current
Input
RS-232C and GPIB/IEEE-488 Interfaces
(for Connection to Personal Computer)
Optional Analog Output
(not shown)
M AGTROL
GENERAL
INFORMATION
Specifications
Chapter 1 – Introduction
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
6510e/6530
analog output option
external shunts/sensors
The Analog Output is a plug-in module designed specifically
for use with the 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer and 6530
Three-Phase Power Analyzer.It provides up to 12 channels (3
for the 6510e, 12 for the 6530) of analog output corresponding
to volts, amps and watts. Each output is capable of, and
calibrated to, ± 10 volts.With the analog output option, the
user may apply a scale factor to all outputs.Amps scaling is
applied to all amp channels, volts scaling is applied to all volt
channels and watts scaling is applied to all watt channels.
If currents continuously reach above 20 amps, an external
sensor must be used. Magtrol offers three different types of
external shunts for use with Magtrol models 6510e or 6530
High-Speed Power Analyzers.
Other features include:
•
•
•
•
Simple Installation: Plug-in module automatically
configures power analyzer for operation
Frequent Output Updates: Updates every 5
milliseconds
Output Short Protected
Factory Calibrated: Calibration data/values stored on
board (EEPROM)
Industry Standard 25-Pin Connection
The Analog Output can be used along with a 6510e or 6530
Power Analyzer to output information to a strip recorder or
interface with a data acquisition system.The Analog Output
is also used as a safety feature to help trigger alarm events.
SPECIFICATIONS
14 bits
4 ppm FSR/°C (typical),
Temperature Coefficient
20 ppm FSR/°C (maximum)
Output Range
± 10 V maximum
3 (6510e)
Number of Channels
12 (6530)
Basic Accuracy
3 least significant bits
Output Update Rate
200 samples/second (5 ms)
(all channels)
Resolution
Available Models
The HA Series shunt, designed for Series P/N Amps
power cable hook-up utilizing3/8- HA
004640
50
16 screws, has an insulating base HA
004641
100
and can be mounted on conductive HA
004642
150
surfaces. The LAB Series shunt HA
004643
200
also comes with an insulating base, HA
004644
250
along with thumb screws for the HA
004645
300
power leads and knurled nuts on the HA
004646
400
sensing terminals.The FL Series is HA
004647
500
a relatively small bus, bar-mounted LAB 004648
750
shunt with large end blocks. The LAB 004649 1000
comparatively large end blocks and FL
005214 2000
short spacing aid in cooling and FL
005286 3000
allow the shunt to operate in more
extreme environments.All shunts are calibrated on equipment
with current certifications traceable to N.I.S.T.
SPECIFICATIONS
HA Series LAB Series
FL Series
Rated Current 50 to 500 A 750 to 1000 A 2000 to 3000 A
Output
50 mV
Bandwidth
DC to 60 Hz
± 0.25%
Accuracy
(± 0.1% accuracy with calibration certificate is
available for an additional cost)
Operating
Temperature
For optimum accuracy, temperature of
shunt should be 30 °C to 70 °C
Sensor Substitution Wiring Connection
VOLTS
AMPS
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
V
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
±
±
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
orDering inFormation
Single-Phase Power Analyzer
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
MAGTROL INC.
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
EARTH
HIGH
MOV
LOW
6510e-01 Single-Phase Power Analyzer with Analog
Output Option
CB
±
6530
Three-Phase Power Analyzer
6530-01
Three-Phase Power Analyzer with Analog Output
Option
LOAD
6510e
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
EXT.
SYNC.
A
SHUNT
(HA Series)
NOTE: For the 6530 Three-Phase
Analyzer, any (or all) of the Amps
inputs may be replaced with a
shunt for any of the wiring modes.
Due to the continual development of our products, we reserve the right to modify specifications without forewarning.
www.magtrol.com
magtrol inC
70 Gardenville Parkway
Buffalo, New York 14224 USA
Phone: +1 716 668 5555
Fax: +1 716 668 8705
E-mail: magtrol@magtrol.com
magtrol sa
Centre technologique Montena
1728 Rossens / Fribourg, Switzerland
Phone: +41 (0)26 407 3000
Fax: +41 (0)26 407 3001
E-mail: magtrol@magtrol.ch
Subsidiaries in:
• Germany
• France
• Great Britain
• China
Worldwide Network
of Sales Agents
6510e6530-US 06/06
•
GENERAL
INFORMATION
Options and Accessories
2.1
Front Panel
The front panel provides a power switch, sixteen control buttons and a Vacuum Fluorescent Display
(VFD).
MODEL 6510e
POWER ANALYZER
ENTER
DISPLAY
DC
RMS
PEAK-CF
DC
RMS
PEAK-CF
SOURCE
AVG
PEAK HOLD
AUTO
CYC-CONT
W-VA-PF
HOLD
AUTO
CURRENT RANGE
SHIFT
USER MENU
VOLTAGE RANGE
Figure 2–1 Front Panel
2.2Front Panel Controls and Buttons
The front panel controls and buttons, from left to right, are:
• Power switch
• Display button
• Nine double-function control buttons:
Primary Function
q CURRENT RANGE
p CURRENT RANGE
AUTO CURRENT RANGE
q VOLTAGE RANGE
p VOLTAGE RANGE
AUTO VOLTAGE RANGE
CYC-CONT
W-VA-PF
HOLD
•
•
Secondary Function
DC (current)
RMS (current)
PEAK-CF (current)
DC (voltage)
RMS (voltage)
PEAK-CF (voltage)
SOURCE
AVG
PEAK HOLD
SHIFT - enables secondary functions printed in blue above control buttons
Five USER MENU buttons
• Left Arrow 
• Right Arrow 
• Up Arrow 
• Down Arrow 
• ENTER
GENERAL
INFORMATION
2. Controls
Chapter 2 – Controls
Enabling Secondary Functions
To enable the secondary function of the double-function control buttons:
1. Press the blue SHIFT button and release it. The word “SHIFT” appears in the display:
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 2–2 Secondary Function Menu
2. Press any control button to enable the function shown in blue letters above the button.
2.2.2
Using Front Panel Controls and Buttons
2.2.2.1
Controls/Single-Function Buttons
Button
POWER
SHIFT
ENTER
t
u
p
q
To Use
Function
Press I to turn power ON Press Turns power ON or OFF.
O to turn power OFF.
Press this button and release; Enables the function written in blue above
then press desired control
control button.
button.
User Menu
Press this button.
Enables/Disables USER MENU.
Press this button.
When USER MENU is enabled, toggles
between fields, selections or the digits in a
numerical value.
Press this button.
When USER MENU is enabled, toggles
between fields, selections or the digits in a
numerical value.
Press this button.
When USER MENU is enabled, toggles
between selections or increases the selected
digit of a numerical value.
Press this button.
When USER MENU is enabled, toggles
between selections or decreases the selected
digit of a numerical value.
GENERAL
INFORMATION
2.2.1
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Chapter 2 – Controls
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Double-Function Buttons
Button
DISPLAY
PHASE
DC
RMS
PEAK-CF
q
p
AUTO
DC
RMS
PEAK-CF
q
p
AUTO
To Use
Function
Press SHIFT and release; then Shows custom display.
press this button. (For further
instruction, see Section 3.3.7.4
- Custom Display.)
Press this button.
Toggles through phase 1, 2, 3 and summation.
Current
Press SHIFT and release; then Selects DC amps measurement.
press this button.
Press SHIFT and release; then Selects RMS amps measurement.
press this button.
Press SHIFT and release; then Selects displayed amps measurement.
press this button.
Continue to press SHIFT then PEAK-CF
and the displayed values toggle through the
following:
• Acf (amps crest factor readings)
• A~↑ (amps peak hold/inrush readings)
• Apk (amps peak readings)
Current Range
Press this button.
Decrements amps range.
Press this button.
Increments amps range.
Press this button.
Selects/deselects amps auto range.
Voltage
Press SHIFT and release; then Selects DC voltage measurement.
press this button.
Press SHIFT and release; then Selects RMS voltage measurement.
press this button.
Press SHIFT and release; then Selects displayed voltage measurement.
press this button.
Continue to press SHIFT then PEAK-CF
and the displayed values toggle through the
following:
• Vcf (voltage crest factor readings)
• V~↑ (voltage peak hold/inrush readings)
• Vpk (voltage peak readings)
Voltage Range
Press this button.
Decrements voltage range.
Press this button.
Increments voltage range.
Press this button.
Selects/deselects voltage auto range.
GENERAL
INFORMATION
2.2.2.2
Chapter 2 – Controls
CYC-CONT
AVG
W-VA-PF
PEAK HOLD
HOLD
2.3
To Use
Function
Press SHIFT and release; then Selects the signal that the cycle-by-cycle
press this button.
measurement will be synchronized with.
Continue to press SHIFT then SOURCE and
the source toggles through the following:
• V1 (voltage input)
• A1 (amps input)
• EXT (external sync input)
• LINE (incoming AC line)
NOTE: Selecting SHIFT then SOURCE will
automatically switch unit to cycle-by-cycle
mode.
Press this button.
Selects continuous or cycle-by-cycle
measurement method.
Press SHIFT and release; then Enables averaging mode.
press this button.
Press this button.
Selects what calculated value is to be
displayed.Continue to press W-VA-PF and the
displayed values toggle through the following:
• W↑ (inrush watts)
• W
(watts)
• VA (Vrms × Arms)
• PF (power factor)
Press SHIFT and release; then Resets peak hold/inrush values.
press this button.
Press this button.
Holds displayed values until hold is pressed
again.
NOTE: All internal machine functions will be
halted except auto-ranging when the HOLD
feature is enabled.
Vacuum Fluorescent Display (VFD)
The VFD provides information about control functions, phase voltage and current.
Top Row
Current
Voltage
Power/PF
2.3.1
Bottom Row
Current Range
Voltage Range
Source/Status
Contrast Settings
The 6510e Power Analyzer is shipped with the Contrast Setting on low in order to prolong display
life. If it is necessary to increase the Contrast for improved readability, execute the following steps
using the USER MENU located on the front panel of the unit.
1. Press the ENTER button. The display should appear as follows:
GENERAL
INFORMATION
Button
SOURCE
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Chapter 2 – Controls
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
VOLTAGE
DEVICE
POWER/PF
SELECTIONS
Figure 2–3 Device Setup Menu
2. Press  and  buttons until "I/O" appears in the display.
3. Press ENTER button.
4. Press  and  buttons until "DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS" appears in the display.
5. Use the  and  buttons until desired brightness is reached.
6. Press ENTER button to return to main menu.
2.3.2
Note:
There are three settings available; low, medium and high. Make
sure the lowest possible setting is used to achieve desired result.
Using a setting higher than necessary may cause display segments
to burn-in over a period of time, resulting in uneven illumination
from segment to segment.
Display Guide
Following is a reference for symbols, abbreviations and messages that are used in the 6510e.
Symbol/Abbreviation/Message
SHIFT
I/O ERROR
V
A
W
PF
pk
cf
ã
¹
l
↑­
…
~
Meaning
Shift button was pressed
Command not recognized
Volts
Amps
Watts
Power Factor
Peak
Crest Factor
Scaling function is activated
Average function is activated
Peak Hold/Inrush function is activated
Peak Hold/Inrush
DC
RMS (AC+DC)
GENERAL
INFORMATION
CURRENT
Chapter 2 – Controls
Rear Panel
The rear panel provides connectors and receptacles for connecting to appropriate equipment.
2
VOLTS
3
AMPS
V
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
±
±
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±1 V
MAX.
5
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
EXT.
SYNC.
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
MAGTROL INC.
Figure 2–4 Rear Panel
1
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
4
6
2.5Rear Panel Inputs and Outputs
1
INPUT
MODULE
Contains the Voltage Input, Current Input and External Sensor connector.
VOLTS
AMPS
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
V
1a
A
±
1b
±
1000 V
MAX.
1c
EXT.
SENSOR
±1 V
MAX.
Figure 2–5 Input Module
1a Voltage Input
1b Current Input
Connect wires to measure voltage across the load (parallel).
Caution:
Voltage should not exceed 750 V AC/DC terminal
(V) to terminal (±) and 1000 V AC/DC terminal
to earth ground.
Connect wires to measure amps through the load (series).
Caution:
Amps should not exceed 20 A continuous. Voltage
1000 V AC/DC terminal to
ground.
should not exceed
1c External Sensor
Alternate amps input for current sensor or shunt.
Caution:
Voltage should not exceed ±1 V AC/DC.
10
7
GENERAL
INFORMATION
2.4
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Chapter 2 – Controls
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3
ANALOG
OUTPUT
(optional)
Connects strip chart recorder or data acquisition system, providing 3
analog outputs.
• Volts
• Amps
• Watts
±10 volts = range
See Section 7.1 – Analog Outputs for detailed information about this
option.
EXT. SYNC.
Provides alternate method to synchronize the power analyzer with the
measured signal in cycle-by-cycle mode.
Caution:
Input is not isolated from earth ground. Ext. Sync. should not exceed 0–5 V DC (TTL/
CMOS Levels).
4
RS-232C
Use this socket for RS-232 connector cable.
5
4
9
3
8
2
7
1.
2. RX
3. TX
4.
5. GND
1
6
6.
7.
8.
9.
Figure 2–6 RS-232C Interface
5
GPIB/
IEEE-488
Use this socket for GPIB cable (meets IEEE-488 specifications).
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
24
23
22
21
20 19
18
17
16
15
14
13
1. D1
2. D2
3. D3
4. D4
5. E01
6. DAV
7. NRFD
8. NDAC
9. IFC
10. SRQ
11. ATN
12. SHIELD
13. D5
14. D6
15. D7
16. D8
17. REN
18. DAV-COM
19. NRFD-COM
20. NDAC-COM
21. IFC-COM
22. SRQ-COM
23. ATN-COM
24. SIGNAL GROUND
Figure 2–7 GPIB/IEEE-488 Interface
11
GENERAL
INFORMATION
2
Chapter 2 – Controls
7
POWER
Attach power cord here.
EARTH
GROUND
Attach earth ground here.
WARNING:
12
MAKE SURE THAT ALL MAGTROL DYNAMOMETERS AND ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS ARE EARTH-GROUNDED, TO ENSURE PERSONAL SAFETY AND PROPER
OPERATION. SECURELY GROUND THE 6510e POWER ANALYZER CASE BY CONNECTING A GOOD EARTH GROUND AT THE GROUND STUD LOCATED ON
THE REAR PANEL OF THE UNIT. USE A
NUMBER 12 AWG, OR LARGER WIRE.
GENERAL
INFORMATION
6
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3. Installation/Configuration
Note:Before installing the 6510e, you should become familiar with the
front and rear panels, as outlined in Chapter 2 – Controls.
3.1Powering up the 6510e
3.1.1
Warning!
To reduce the risk of electric shock, Make
sure the 6510e is earth grounded before
starting!
Line Voltage
The 6510e will operate from 85 to 264 VAC on a 50/60 Hz line voltage.
3.1.2
Self-Test
After turning the power on to the 6510e, the display panel will show all segments of the VFD (series
of rectangles), indicating that the 6510e is downloading the program.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–1 Program Download Display
When the program download is complete, the Title Display will appear.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
Figure 3–2 Title Display
13
POWER/PF
SETUP
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Then an additional display will appear indicating the version of your Magtrol 6510e Power
Analyzer.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–3 Revision Display
SETUP
3.1.3
Main Menu
When the 6510e is completely powered up and ready for use, the main menu will appear on the
display. The main menu is defined by the last configuration that was used. This could include one
of two different menus: phase or custom. The phase menu will appear as follows.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–4 Phase Main Menu
The custom menu can include up to 6 fields with selections dependent on the measurement mode.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
Figure 3–5 Custom Main Menu
14
POWER/PF
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3.2Protecting Your 6510e
Before the 6510e is used for power measurement, guidelines regarding transient overloads, current
overload, surge protection and circuit breakers must be followed.
3.2.1
Transient Overloads
Connect an appropriate transient suppressor in parallel with all inductive loads. Consult the suppressor
vendor’s application literature for proper selection and sizing.
Caution:
Damage to the 6510e can result from excessive voltage transients
generated by unsuppressed inductive loads. This damage is not
within the scope of the normal instrument service and is not
covered by the Magtrol Warranty.
3.2.2
Current Overload
There are no fuses in the 6510e measuring circuits. Therefore, excessive current passed through the
amps terminals will cause excessive internal heating and possible unit damage.
Caution:
This overload abuse is not covered by the Magtrol Warranty.
Know your load conditions and double check all connections. If an overload should occur,
immediately remove all power and locate and correct the problem before re-energizing your circuit.
If a circuit breaker is installed, it must be installed on the load side of the 6510e (downstream). This
will keep the low impedance of the input line connected to the 6510e for surge suppression. If the
line side must also contain a breaker, it should be delayed in operation to open after the load side
breaker has opened.
3.2.3
Surge Protection
Use Metal Oxide Varistors (MOV) or other equivalent transient suppressors connected between lines
at the load (across the load). These suppressors are an absolute necessity when inductive loads are
used. In three-phase systems, each load must have a suppressor.
15
SETUP
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
VMOV > VLINE TO LINE
(LINE 1)
L1
VMOV >
1
3
V LINE TO LINE
(LINE 1)
L1
(LOAD)
MOV
(LOAD)
MOV
MOV
MOV
NEUTRAL
L2
L2
L3
DELTA CONNECTED
THREE-PHASE LOAD
WYE CONNECTED
THREE-PHASE LOAD
VMOV > VLINE TO LINE
(LINE)
LINE
HIGH
(LOAD)
MOV
LINE
LOW
SINGLE PHASE
TWO-WIRE LOAD
Figure 3–6 Transient Voltage Suppression
3.2.4
Circuit Breakers
With the circuits described in Section 3.3.1.1 - Hardware Connections, use the 6510e remote voltage
sense by measuring the voltage at the load. This increases measurement accuracy by eliminating
line voltage drop from the power measurement. For safety, an overload circuit breaker removes
all load voltage during an over-current condition. The voltage sense lines are connected at the line
side of the circuit breaker to help prevent inductive transients from entering the 6510e as the circuit
breaker opens. Make sure that connections from the circuit breaker to the load are heavy conductors
and short as possible.
Caution:
If a circuit breaker is used in the input line to the 6510e, a circuit
should be used that prevents the breaker from opening until
after the load side breaker has opened. Otherwise, potentially
damaging inductive transients can be applied to the 6510e. Damage caused by these transients are outside the scope of the
Magtrol Warranty.
16
SETUP
MOV
MOV
L3
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3.3
Testing Instrumentation Setup
Before the 6510e can be utilized, it must be configured and connected to the devices intended for
power measurement.
3.3.1
Wiring Mode
The 6510e has the ability to support a 1-phase, 2-wire wiring connection.
3.3.1.1
Power Factor = W/VA
The following diagrams show the connections for a 1-Phase, 2-wire measurement.
SOURCE
LOAD
V
±
V
A
SOURCE
±
V
±
A
A
LOAD
±
Figure 3–7 Single-Phase, Two-Wire Wiring Schematic
VOLTS
AMPS
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
V
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
±
±
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
EXT.
SYNC.
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
MAGTROL INC.
EARTH
LOW
HIGH
CB
Figure 3–8 Single-Phase, Two-Wire Wiring Connection
17
LOAD
MOV
LINE
SETUP
Hardware Connection
• Most commonly used for single-phase AC and DC motor applications.
• The Power Factor is derived from the following equations:
Active Power = W
Active Power is the sum of the instantaneous volts multiplied by the instantaneous amps
inputs.
Apparent Power = Vrms × Arms = VA
Apparent Power is the product of volts root mean square and amps root mean square.
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
3.3.1.2 Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Software Configuration
The 6510e wiring mode default is set at 1-phase, 2-wire, therefore no software configuration is
needed.
3.3.2
Measurement Filter
During the RMS calculations, in the signal-processing path, there is a digital low-pass filter. The
user can program the filter’s cutoff frequency.
•
•
(Value)²
Filter
Square
Root
Selections include 1 Hz, 2 Hz, 5 Hz, 10 Hz, 20 Hz, 50 Hz and 100 Hz .
Correlation between filter setting and response is as follows:
Filter Setting
Low
High
Response to Signal Change
Outcome
Slow
Stable Reading
Fast
Unstable Reading
For more detailed information on theory, see Chapter 4 – Operating Principles.
3.3.2.1
Hardware Connection
Not applicable.
3.3.2.2
Software Configuration
To configure the 6510e measurement filter, complete the following steps utilizing the USER MENU
located on the front panel of the unit.
1. Turn on the 6510e. See Section 3.1 – Powering Up the 6510e.
2. Press ENTER button. The display should appear as shown in Figure 2–3 Device Setup
Menu.
3. Press  and  buttons until MEASUREMENT FILTER appears in the display.
4. Press  and  buttons until desired measurement filter is reached.
5. Press ENTER to exit Device Setup Menu.
18
SETUP
Measured
Value
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3.3.3
External Sensor
If currents continuously reach above 20 amps, an external sensor must be used.
3.3.3.1
Hardware Connection
In the wiring mode, the amp meter may be replaced. The following diagram illustrates the
connection.
A
A
±
A
A
±
V
A
±
±
SETUP
=
COAXIAL CABLE
Figure 3–9 Sensor Substituton Wiring Schematic
VOLTS
AMPS
V
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
±
±
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
EXT.
SYNC.
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
MAGTROL INC.
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
EARTH
HIGH
CB
±
A
SHUNT
Figure 3–10 Sensor Substitution Wiring Connection
19
LOAD
MOV
LOW
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
3.3.3.2
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Software Configuration
To configure the 6510e external sensor, complete the following steps utilizing the USER MENU
located on the front panel of the unit.
1. Turn on the 6510e. See Section 3.1 – Powering Up the 6510e.
2. Press ENTER button. The display should appear as shown in Figure 2–3 Device Setup
Menu.
3. Press  and  buttons until EXTERNAL SENSOR appears in the display.
4. Press ENTER button. The display will appear as follows.
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–11 External Sensor Scale Factor Setup Menu
5. To set the scale factor, press the RMS button under A1 and use the  buttons in the
USER MENU to adjust the value.
6. Press ENTER to exit the Device Setup Menu.
20
SETUP
CURRENT
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3.3.4
Amp Scaling
The current measurement range can be extended by using a current transformer. Frequency response
will be determined by the characteristics of the transformer used.
3.3..1
Hardware Connection
VOLTS
AMPS
V
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
±
±
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
EXT.
SYNC.
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
MAGTROL INC.
SETUP
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
EARTH
MOV 2
MOV 3
PT
CT
LOW
MOV 1
HIGH
LOAD
LINE
CB
Figure 3–12 Current/Potential Transformer Connection
3.3.4.2
Software Configuration
To configure the 6510e amp scaling for a current transformer, complete the following steps utilizing
the USER MENU located on the front panel of the unit.
1. Turn on the 6510e. See Section 3.1 – Powering Up the 6510e.
2. Press ENTER button. The display should appear as shown in Figure 2–3 Device Setup
Menu.
3. Press  and  buttons until AMP SCALING appears in the display.
4. Press ENTER button. The display will appear as follows.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–13 Amp Scaling Setup Menu
5. To set amp scaling, press the RMS button under A1 and use the  buttons in the
USER MENU to adjust the value.
21
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
6. To turn scaling ON, press the PEAK-CF button under OFF until ON is reached.
7. Press ENTER to exit the Device Setup Menu.
Note: When amps scaling has been activated, “*” will appear in the main
menu next to the amps range as shown in the following figure.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
SETUP
Figure 3–14 Amp/Volt Scaling Activated
22
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3.3.5
Volts Scaling
The voltage measurement range can be extended by using a potential transformer. Frequency response
will be determined by the characteristics of the transformer used.
3.3.5.1
Hardware Connection
See Figure 3–12 Current/Potential Transformer Connection.
3.3.5.2
Software Configuration
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–15 Volt Scaling Setup Menu
5. To set volt scaling, press the RMS button under V1 and use the  buttons in the
USER MENU to adjust the value.
6. To turn scaling ON, press the PEAK-CF button under OFF until ON is reached.
7. Press ENTER to exit the Device Setup Menu.
Note: When volts scaling has been activated, “*” will appear in the main
menu next to the volts range as shown in Figure 3–14 Amp/Volt
Scaling Activated.
23
SETUP
To configure the 6510e volt scaling for a potential transformer, complete the following steps utilizing
the USER MENU located on the front panel of the unit.
1. Turn on the 6510e. See Section 3.1 – Powering Up the 6510e.
2. Press ENTER button. The display should appear as shown in Figure 2–3 Device Setup
Menu.
3. Press  and  buttons until VOLT SCALING appears in the display.
4. Press ENTER button. The display will appear as follows.
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
3.3.6
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Phase Setup
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–16 Cycle-by-Cycle Mode
a.2.A source now needs to be selected. Press SHIFT button and release, then press SOURCE
button. Keep repeating until desired source selection is reached. Selections include
VOLT, AMP, EXT and LINE.
b. For continuous mode, press CYC-CONT until display does not show any readings in
the lower right corner.
24
SETUP
Once the wiring mode, measurement filter, external sensor, amp scaling and volt scaling have been
connected and configured, the unit is ready to be configured for phase setup.
1. Select current measurement mode (DC, RMS, peak, crest factor or peak hold).
a. To select DC press SHIFT and release, then press DC button located in CURRENT
RANGE section of front panel.
b. To select RMS press SHIFT and release, then press RMS button located in CURRENT
RANGE section of front panel.
c. To select peak, crest factor or peak hold, press SHIFT and release, then press PEAK-CF
button located in CURRENT RANGE section of front panel. Keep pressing SHIFT and
PEAK-CF buttons until desired selection appears in display. For more information on
peak, crest factor and peak hold, see Section 4.3 – Measurement Modes.
2. Select current range by using the  and  buttons located in CURRENT RANGE section
of front panel. Selections include 50 mV, 250 mV, 0.5 V and 1 V when using an external
sensor and 1 A, 5 A, 10 A and 20 A when using amps input.
3. Select voltage measurement mode (DC, RMS, peak, crest factor or peak hold).
a. To select DC press SHIFT and release, then press DC button located in VOLTAGE
RANGE section of front panel.
b. To select RMS press SHIFT and release, then press RMS button located in VOLTAGE
RANGE section of front panel.
c. To select peak, crest factor or peak hold, press SHIFT and release, then press PEAK-CF
button located in VOLTAGE RANGE section of front panel. Keep pressing SHIFT and
PEAK-CF buttons until desired selection appears in display. For more information on
peak, crest factor and peak hold, see Section 4.3 – Measurement Modes.
4. Select voltage range by using the  and  buttons located in VOLTAGE RANGE section
of front panel. Selections include 30 V, 150 V, 300 V and 600 V.
5. Press W-VA-PF button until desired selection is reached. Selections include W↑, W, VA
and PF.
6.Once the phase has been configured, cycle-by-cycle or continuous must be chosen. See
Section 4.4 – Measurement Methods.
a.1.For cycle-by-cycle mode, press CYC-CONT button until display shows source reading
in lower right corner similar to the following figure.
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
3.3.7
Special Functions
3.3.7.1
Hold
•
•
Freezes display values.
To set, press and release HOLD button. The display will appear as follows, indicating that
the hold function is enabled.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
SETUP
Figure 3–17 Hold Mode
•
3.3.7.2
To disable, press and release HOLD button.
Average
• Mode in which the power analyzer displays the running average of amps, volts and watts.
• Used to stabilize mildly fluctuating readings or to determine watt-hours when used in
conjunction with a timer.
• To set, press SHIFT button and release, then press AVG. The display will appear as follows,
indicating that the Average Function is enabled.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
Figure 3–18 Average Mode
•
To disable, press SHIFT button and release, then press AVG.
25
POWER/PF
Chapter 3 – Installation/Configuration
3.3.7.3
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Peak Hold
• Clears peak hold/inrush reading.
• To enable, press SHIFT button and release, then press PEAK HOLD. The display will flash
the following, then return to the main menu.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
SETUP
Figure 3–19 Peak Hold Clear Display
3.3.7.4
Custom Display
• The display can be configured to present data in any format.
• To set, press SHIFT button and release, then press DISPLAY. The display will appear as
follows.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 3–20 Custom Display
•
There are 6 fields in the display that can be customized with information based on the phase
setup. To set, from the USER MENU control buttons, toggle from field to field by using the
 and  buttons and make selections using the  and  buttons. If there is not a preferred
value for a specific field, press ENTER when the field is selected and it will be deleted from
the display.
26
4. Operating Principles
4.1
Analog Processing
4.1.1
Volts
The volts signal is brought in through a precision voltage divider of 2 M and 2.4 k resistors. The
gain is 0.0012. This signal is buffered (GAIN = 1) and passed into a programmable gain section.
The gains for the voltage ranges are given below.
Range
30 V
150 V
300 V
600 V
Resistors
12 k / 620
2.4 k / 620
1.2 k / 620
620 / 620
Gain ( Amplifier )
-19.350
-3.871
-1.936
-1.000
Range
30 V
150 V
300 V
600 V
Volts In (VDC)
3
30
15
150
30
300
60
600
Gain (total)
-0.023220
-0.023220
-0.004645
-0.004645
-0.002323
-0.002323
-0.001200
-0.001200
Volts at A/D Input
-0.0697
-0.6966
-0.0697
-0.6968
-0.0697
-0.6969
-0.0720
-0.7200
Converter Resolution: 2.5 / 2^16 = 2.5 / 65536 = 0.00003814697
27
Bits
1826
18261
1826
18265
1827
18269
1887
18874
THEORY
The signal is then presented to an AD7722AS 16-bit analog to digital converter. The part accepts an
input signal of ± 1.25 volts centered on a 2.5 VDC volt bias. The chart below shows system input
at 10% and 100% of range.
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
4.1.2
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Amps
The amps signal is brought in through a precision shunt of 0.012 ohms. This signal is amplified by
2 and passed into a programmable gain section. The gains for the voltage ranges are given below.
Range
1A
5A
10 A
20 A
Resistors
12 k / 620
2.4 k / 620
1.2 k / 620
620 / 620
Gain ( Amplifier )
-19.350
-3.871
-1.936
-1.000
The signal is then presented to an AD7722AS 16-bit analog to digital converter. The part accepts an
input signal of ± 1.25 volts centered on a 2.5 VDC volt bias. The chart below shows system input
at 10% and 100% of range.
Range
1A
10 A
20 A
Shunt Volts First Stage
Amp
0.0012
-0.0024
0.0120
-0.0240
0.0060
-0.0120
0.0600
-0.1200
0.0120
-0.0240
0.1200
-0.2400
0.0240
-0.0480
0.2400
-0.4800
Gain
-19.35000
-19.35000
-3.87100
-3.87100
-1.93600
-1.93600
-1.00000
-1.00000
Converter Resolution: 2.5 / 2^16 = 2.5 / 65536 = 0.00003814697
Shunt resistance = 0.012
28
Volts at A/D
Input
0.0464
0.4644
0.0465
0.4645
0.0465
0.4646
0.0480
0.4800
Bits
1217
12174
1218
12177
1218
12180
1258
12583
THEORY
5A
Amps In
(ADC)
0.1
1.0
0.5
5.0
1.0
10.0
2.0
20.0
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
4.1.3
External Shunt
The external shunt signal is brought in through a precision voltage divider of 9.1 k and 9.1 k resistors.
The gain is 0.50. This signal is buffered and passed into a programmable gain section. The gains
for the voltage ranges are given below.
Range
50 mV
250 mV
500 mV
1000 mV
Resistors
12 k / 620
2.4 k / 620
1.2 k / 620
620 / 620
Gain ( Amplifier )
-19.350
-3.871
-1.936
-1.000
The signal is then presented to an AD7722AS 16-bit analog to digital converter. The part accepts
an input signal of +/- 1.25 volts centered on a 2.5 VDC volt bias. The chart below shows system
input at 10% and 100% of range.
Range
50 mV
500 mV
1000 mV
Gain (total)
-9.67500
-9.67500
-1.93550
-1.93550
-0.96800
-0.96800
-0.50000
-0.50000
Volts at A/D Input
-0.0484
-0.4838
-0.0484
-0.4839
-0.0484
-0.4840
-0.0500
-0.5000
Converter Resolution: 2.5 / 2^16 = 2.5 / 65536 = 0.00003814697
4.2
Digital Processing
Bits
1268
12681
1268
12684
1269
12688
1311
13107
Starting at the AD7722AS analog to digital converter, the input clock to the device is 14.31818
MHz. This clock frequency gives a sample rate or data output rate of 14318180 / 64 = 223721.5625
samples per second.
The DSP processor uses fractional data representation for all Data ALU operations. Using long
words (48-bit) the most negative number that can be represented is -1 ($800000000000). The most
positive number that can be represented is 1 – 2-47 ($7FFFFFFFFFFF).
Example:
$123456 (Hex integer)
0001 0010 0011 0100 0101 0110 (Binary)
0.142222166 (Fractional)
29
THEORY
250 mV
Volts In (VDC)
0.005
0.050
0.025
0.250
0.050
0.500
0.100
1.000
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
4.2.1
AC Details
4.2.1.1
Interrupt Driven
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
The power analyzer will automatically update its data every 4.469 microseconds by completing the
following sequence of events:
• The volts input is read and checked for an over range condition. The offset is then added
to the reading and the reading is negated and saved.
• The amps input is read and checked for an over range condition. The offset is then added
to the reading and the reading is negated and saved.
• The volt reading is checked to see if it is the peak and if so is stored.
• The amp reading is checked to see if it is the peak and if so is stored.
• The volt reading is squared and the squared reading is summed.
• The volt and amp reading is multiplied and the multiplied value is summed.
• The amp reading is squared and summed.
Note:
30
THEORY
After 256 readings are summed, the sums are transferred to a 56-bit
V² register, a 56-bit VI register, and a 56-bit I² register. A sample
ready flag is set.
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
4.2.1.2
Main Program
The main program reads that a sample is ready.
Divide the V² register by 256.
Store V² in a 24-bit register. (See Section 4.2.3 – Round-Off Error).
The result is appended to a 32 word circular buffer.
Add buffer contents and divide by 32.
The result is appended to a 2cd 32 word circular buffer.
Divide the I² register by 256.
Store I² in a 24-bit register.
The result is appended to a 32 word circular buffer.
Add buffer contents and divide by 32.
The result is appended to a 2cd 32 word circular buffer.
Add 2cd V² buffer contents and divide by 32. Save this value.
Add 2cd I² buffer contents and divide by 32. Save this value.
Add 2cd VI buffer contents and divide by 32. Save this value.
Each sample is now 256 X (32 + 32) (16384) a/d samples. At
223721.5625 samples per second that is 73.23388 ms for a new input
to fully average.
The VI sample is applied to an RC filter algorithm.
The output of the filter is multiplied by a gain value.
This value is stored for output.
The V² sample is applied to an RC filter algorithm.
The square root of the output is taken.
The result is multiplied by a gain value.
This value is stored for output.
The I² sample is applied to an RC filter algorithm.
The square root of the output is taken.
The result is multiplied by a gain value.
This value is stored for output.
These values are updated at 873.912 readings per second.
Every 8th time through the loop or at a rate of 109.239 the V and I
peak values are stored for output and the data ready flag is set.
31
THEORY
Divide VI register by 256.
Store VI in a 24-bit register.
The result is appended to a 32 word circular buffer.
Add buffer contents and divide by 32.
The result is appended to a 2cd 32 word circular buffer.
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
4.2.2
DC Details
4.2.2.1
Interrupt Driven
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
The power analyzer will automatically update its data every 4.469 microseconds by completing the
following sequence of events:
• The volts input is read and checked for an over range condition. The offset is then added
to the reading and the reading is negated and saved.
• The amps input is read and checked for an over range condition. The offset is then added
to the reading and the reading is negated and saved.
• The volt reading is checked to see if it is the peak and if so, is stored.
• The amp reading is checked to see if it is the peak and if so, is stored.
• The volt reading is summed.
• The amp reading is summed.
• The volt and amp reading is multiplied.
• The multiplied value is summed.
Note:
After 256 readings are summed the sums are transferred to a 56-bit
V register, a 56-bit I register, and a 56-bit VI register. A sample
ready flag is set.
32
THEORY
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
4.2.2.2
Main Program
The main program reads that a sample is ready.
Divide the V register by 256.
Store V in a 24-bit register.
The result is appended to a 32 word circular buffer.
Add buffer contents and divide by 32.
The result is appended to a 2cd 32 word circular buffer.
Divide the I register by 256.
Store I in a 24-bit register.
The result is appended to a 32 word circular buffer.
Add buffer contents and divide by 32.
The result is appended to a 2cd 32 word circular buffer.
Add 2cd V2 buffer contents and divide by 32. Save this value.
Add 2cd I2 buffer contents and divide by 32. Save this value.
Add 2cd VI buffer contents and divide by 32. Save this value.
Each sample is now 256 X (32 + 32) (16384) a/d samples. At
223721.5625 samples per second that is 73.23388 ms for a new input
too fully average.
The VI sample is applied to an RC filter algorithm.
The output of the filter is multiplied by a gain value.
This value is stored for output.
The V sample is applied to an RC filter algorithm.
The output of the filter is multiplied by a gain value.
This value is stored for output.
The I sample is applied to an RC filter algorithm.
The output of the filter is multiplied by a gain value.
This value is stored for output.
These values are updated at 873.912 readings per second.
Every 8th time through the loop or at a rate of 109.239 the V and I
peak values are stored for output and the data ready flag is set.
33
THEORY
Divide the VI register by 256.
Store VI in a 24-bit register.
The result is appended to a 32 word circular buffer.
Add buffer contents and divide by 32.
The result is appended to a 2cd 32 word circular buffer.
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
4.2.3
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Round-Off Error
The interrupt routine adds 256 56-bit squared readings. This reading is then divided by 256 and
put into a 24-bit register. Some error occurs during the move to the 24-bit register. The result of the
16-bit A/D conversion is put into the high 16 bits of a 24-bit register.
Example 1:
A/D reading =
56-bit register =
Square of 56-bit=
Store to 24-bit =
000B
00 000B00 000000 (0.0003357)
00 000000 F20000 (0.00000012269)
000000
(0.0000000)
Example 2:
A/D reading =
56-bit register =
Square of 56-bit=
Store to 24-bit =
000C
00 000C00 000000 (0.0003662)
00 000001 200000 (0.00000013411)
000001
Measurement Modes
4.3.1
Peak
The peak value is defined as the highest value that occurs in the cycle of a repetitive waveform.
The graph below shows one cycle of a repetitive waveform. The peak value is shown. The absolute
value of the reading is used to determine the peak value.
VOLTS vs. ANGLE
250
Peak
200
150
100
50
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
-50
volts
-100
Figure 4-1 Peak Example
34
THEORY
4.3
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
4.3.2
Peak Hold / Inrush Current
Peak hold/inrush current allows the 6510e to store the highest value read in a designated period of
time, the designated period of time being the time span since the last peak hold clear occurred. Values
include amps, watts and volts in any preferred combination. See Section 3.3.7.3 – Peak Hold.
The graph below shows the current draw from a 1/3 horsepower motor during initial startup. At
startup the current inrush peaks at about 14 amps then settles to 4.25 amps. When the unit is in peak
hold/ inrush mode of operation, the front panel current reading displays 14.033 amps. The current
reading indicates the peak inrush current, which is determined by the RMS value.
The operation of the volts and watts peak hold follows the same operation as explained for the
current above.
THEORY
Figure 4–2 Peak Hold/Inrush Current Example
4.3.3
DC
See Section 4.2.2 – DC Details.
35
Chapter 4 – Operating Principles
4.3.4
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
RMS
See Section 4.2.1 – AC Details
4.3.5
Crest Factor
The crest factor measurement is determined by dividing the peak measurement by the RMS
measurement. See the following graph for reference.
1.5
RMS 0.707 Volts
1
0.5
-0.5
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
CF = Peak / RMS
CF = 1/0.707 = 1.41
-1
Peak 1Volt
volts
volts²
VRMS
-1.5
Figure 4–3 Crest Factor Example
4.4
Measurement Methods
4.4.1
Cycle-by-Cycle Mode
In the cycle-by-cycle mode the power analyzer looks at each complete cycle of the incoming
waveform. The measurements are valid from 20 Hz to 500 Hz. The power analyzer may be
synchronized from any of the phase volts or amps inputs, the line voltage or the back panel external
sync input. If using volts or amps for synchronization, the input must be greater than 10% of the
range setting.
4.4.2
Continuous Mode
In the continuous mode the measurement values are determined from continuously processed and
filtered volts and amps input values. The measurements are valid from DC to 100 kHz and the
output data rate from the process is about 109.24 samples per second. The power analyzer does not
have to be synchronized to the measured waveform and the user may select the filter to be used in
the mean process of the RMS value.
36
THEORY
0
5. Computer Controlled Operation
Using the 6510e with a personal computer (PC) enables the unit to perform at its full capacity.
5.1About the GPIB Interface
Magtrol prefers the GPIB (General Purpose Interface Bus)/IEEE-488 Standard for computer-toinstrument interfacing because:
• The GPIB parallel interface is faster than serial interfaces.
• The GPIB enables testers to access up to 15 instruments on one port. Because typical motor
testing requires that at least five separate parameters be synchronized, a system of easy, fast
access to more than one instrument is essential.
• The GPIB has rigid data formatting and hardware standards. These standards help to ensure
that all functions will work properly when the hardware and software are installed.
5.1.1
Note:
The GPIB interface is not standard on most personal computers. An
interface card and driver software must be installed. An IEEE-488
cable must also be installed between the computer and the 6510e.
Magtrol recommends National Instruments Corporation hardware
and software.
Installing the GPIB/IEEE-488 Connector Cable
Caution:
Make sure both the computer and 6510e are turned off before
installing the GPIB connector cable.
1. Connect one end of a high-quality, double-shielded cable to the 6510e GPIB connector.
2. Connect the other end to the GPIB interface in your PC.
PC
AMPS
V
A
20 A
MAX.
±
±
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
±
750 V
MAX.
V
VOLTS
A
N
A
L
O
G
O
U
T
P
U
T
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
EXT.
SYNC.
Magtrol
Test and
Measurement
Software
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
MAGTROL INC.
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
Figure 5–1 GPIB Installation
5.1.2
Changing the GPIB Primary Address
Each instrument serviced by the GPIB has its own primary address code, which enables the computer
to obtain readings from the instrument. The factory default of the GPIB address on the 6510e is
14.
37
OPERATION
Chapter 5 – Computer Controlled Operation
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Some PC interfaces can access from one to fifteen 4-bit primary addresses. Other interfaces can
access as many as thirty-one 5-bit primary addresses. The 6510e uses the 4-bit format. For setup,
complete the following instructions utilizing the USER MENU control buttons.
1. Press ENTER.
2. Use the  and  buttons until I/O is reached.
3. Press ENTER.
4. Use the  and  buttons until GPIB ADDRESS is reached. The display should appear as
follows:
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 5–2 GPIB Address Setup Menu
5. Use the  and  buttons until desired primary address is reached (range 0-15).
6. Press ENTER to return to main menu.
5.2About the RS-232 Interface
The 6510e is equipped with an RS-232 (serial) interface that communicates with the host computer
through a DB-9 interface connector. The connector pin-out consists of 2-RX, 3-TX and 5-GND.
4
9
3
8
1.
2. RX
3. TX
4.
5. GND
2
7
1
OPERATION
5
6
6.
7.
8.
9.
Figure 5–3 RS-232 Interface
5.2.1
Connection
The RS-232 requires null modem wiring. To install use a null modem connector cable, which can
be purchased from your local electronics store.
6510e
PC
RX
TX
GND
DIGITAL GROUND
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
DCD (DATA CARRIER DETECT)
RX (RECEIVE DATA)
TX (TRANSMIT DATA)
DTR (DATA TERMINAL READY)
GND (SIGNAL GROUND)
DSR (DATA SET READY)
RTS (REQUEST TO SEND)
CTS (CLEAR TO SEND)
RI (RING INDICATOR)
Figure 5–4 Cable Connection Using Null Modem
38
Chapter 5 – Computer Controlled Operation
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
5.2.2
Communication Parameters
• No parity
• 8 data bits
• 1 stop bit
5.2.3
Baud Rate
There are several different baud rates to choose from including 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600,
19200 and 115200. To set up the desired baud rate, complete the following instructions utilizing
the USER MENU control buttons.
1. Press ENTER.
2. Use the  and  buttons until I/O is reached.
3. Press ENTER.
4. Use the  and  buttons until RS-232 BAUDRATE is reached. The display should appear
as follows:
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
POWER/PF
Figure 5–5 RS-232 Baud Rate Setup Menu
5.3
Checking the 6510e-to-PC Connection
Note:
Make sure that the 6510e and its host computer are communicating
before acquiring data.
1. Make sure the primary GPIB address is set correctly for the 6510e.
2. Set the input variable to 15 characters (13 variable characters and the two required data
termination characters CR and LF. See Section 5.5 – Programming.)
3. Issue output data command “*IDN?” and read 15 characters according to the instructions
for your GPIB interface or serial.
Desired Results
•
Note:
output_string = “6510e R x.xx”<delimiter>
If the desired results did not occur, please see Chapter 8
– Troubleshooting.
39
OPERATION
5. Use the  and  buttons until desired baud rate is reached.
6. Press ENTER to return to main menu.
Chapter 5 – Computer Controlled Operation
5.4
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Data Format
•
•
•
All measurement values are returned as an ASCII-string floating point in E notation.
The same data format will be used for both IEEE-488 and RS-232 interface. See Section
5.6 – 6510e Communication Commands.
Data is separated by commas.
Character
\s
\r
\n
^
Definition
space
carriage return
line feed
Located in the first returned character position indicating peak input
value is above range, user needs to increase range.
NOTE: If a space is located in the first returned character position,
the input signal is within range and no changes need to be made.
Sections 5.4.1 through 5.4.3 contain return data format examples for the following:
•Output Total (OT)
•Output Volts (OV)
•Output Element (OE)
•Output Watts (OW)
•Output Amps (OA)
•Output Frequency (OF)
5.4.1
OT Example
Total
= 183 characters
Output String: (1-182) = measurement value float E notation (ANSI)
Data Position: A1, V1, W1, A2, V2, W2, A3, V3, W3, ΣA, ΣV, ΣW, Frequency
Good Response
\s\s1.86707E-01,\s\s1.19568E+02,\s\s1.32201E+01,\s-0000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000000000000,\s\s5.99982E+01\r\n
5.4.1.2
Over-Range Condition
\s\s1.85048E-01,^\s4.94537E+01,^\s4.20193E+00,000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000000000000,\s\s5.99860E+01\r\n
40
OPERATION
5.4.1.1
Chapter 5 – Computer Controlled Operation
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
5.4.2
OE Example
Total
= 43 characters
Output String: (1-42) = measurement value float E notation (ANSI)
Data Position: Ax, Vx, Wx (where x = requested phase)
5.4.2.1
Good Response
\s\s1.83352E-01,\s\s1.19342E+02,\s\s1.29812E+01\r\n
5.4.2.2
Over-Range Condition
\s\s1.84250E-01,^\s4.95238E+01,^\s4.26064E+00\r\n
5.4.3
OA/OV/OW/OF Example
Total
= 15 characters
Output String: (1-14) = measurement value float E notation (ANSI)
5.4.3.1
Good Response
\s\s1.19494E+02\r\n
5.4.3.2
Over-Range Condition
^\s4.94796E+01\r\n
Programming
5.5.1
Note:
Check the manual provided with your software for full
instructions.
Data Termination Characters
Use the following information to answer the formatting questions asked when installing your GPIB
software. All GPIB data acquisition systems require the use of data termination characters. The
6510e uses the GPIB standard termination characters Carriage Return (CR) and Line Feed (LF).
Provide them in that order.
5.5.12
Codes for CR-LF
CR =
LF =
BASIC
CHR$(13)
CHR$(10)
41
HEX
OD
OA
DEC
13
10
OPERATION
5.5
Chapter 5 – Computer Controlled Operation
5.6
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
6510e Communication Commands
IEEE-488 Address:
Terminator:
0-15
carriage return followed by a line feed
RS-232Baud Rate:
Terminator:
300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19.2 k, 115.2 k
carriage return followed by a line feed
When entering a command code:
1. Type all characters in uppercase ASCII format.
2. End all commands with a carriage return followed by a line feed.
3. Do not string multiple commands together in one line.
5.6.1
Note:
If a command is not recognized, the I/O ERROR message will
appear in the Status Display accompanied by a beep.
Configuration Commands
Function
Identification query.
Sets auto or manual range
mode for the amps ranges.
AV1,m2<terminator>
Sets auto or manual range
mode for the voltage
ranges.
FSm<terminator>
Sets the frequency source
for cycle-by-cycle mode.
IS
IC
MA1,m2<terminator>
Starts average mode.
Clears average mode.
Sets the RMS or DC
measurement mode of
amps.
MV1,m2<terminator>
Sets the RMS or DC
measurement mode of
voltage.
MCm<terminator>
Sets the continuous or
cyclic measurement mode
filter.
42
Explanation
Returns model number and code revision.
"m2" indicates whether range mode is
auto or manual. Values for m2 are:
0 = manual range
1 = auto range
"m2" indicates whether range mode is
auto or manual. Values for m2 are:
0 = manual range
1 = auto range
"m" indicates the input to be used as the
fundamental source. Values for m are:
0 = V1
1 = A1
6 = EXT (external input)
7 = LINE (50/60 Hz)
----"m2" indicates measurement mode.
Values for m2 are:
0 = RMS (AC + DC)
1 = DC
"m2" indicates measurement mode.
Values for m2 are:
0 = RMS (AC + DC)
1 = DC
"m" indicates whether the measurement
mode is continuous or cyclic.
Values for m are:
0 = continuous
1 = cycle-by-cycle
OPERATION
Command Code
*IDN? <terminator>
AA1,m2<terminator>
Chapter 5 – Computer Controlled Operation
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Command Code
MFm<terminator>
Function
Sets the AC and DC
measurement mode filter.
PC<terminator>
Clears all peak hold values
(volt, amp and watt).
Sets current range and
input source.
RA1,m2<terminator>
Sets voltage range.
SA1,m2<terminator>
Sets the amps scaling
constant (current
transformer).
SV1,m2<terminator>
Sets the voltage scaling
constant (potential
transformer).
SE1,m2<terminator>
Sets the external current
sensor scaling constant.
43
"m2" indicates current range.
Values for m2 are:
0 = 20 A
1 = 10 A
2 = 5 A
3 = 1 A
4 = 1 V external sensor input range
5 = 500 mV external sensor input range
6 = 250 mV external sensor input range
7 = 50 mV external sensor input range
"m2" indicates voltage range.
Values for m2 are:
0 = 600 V
1 = 300 V
2 = 150 V
3 = 30 V
"m2" indicates the amps scaling constant
in A/A and must be set within the following
range:
0.01 < m2 < 10000
When m2 = 0, the amps scaling mode will
be cleared.
"m2" indicates the voltage scaling
constant in V/V and must be set within the
following range:
0.01 < m2 < 10000
When m2 = 0, the voltage scaling mode
will be cleared.
"m2" indicates the external current sensor
scaling constant in A/mV and must be set
within the following range:
0.0001 < m2 < 99999
NOTE: External sensor voltage input
values are divided by this value to give
output in amps in external sensor input
current ranges.
OPERATION
RV1,m2<terminator>
Explanation
"m" indicates the measurement filter lowpass frequency (response time).
Values for m are:
0 = 1 Hz
1 = 2 Hz
2 = 5 Hz
3 = 10 Hz
4 = 20 Hz
5 = 40 Hz
6 = 100 Hz
---
Chapter 5 – Computer Controlled Operation
5.6.2
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Data Output Commands
Command Code
OA1,m2<terminator>
OV1,m2<terminator>
OW1,m2<terminator>
OF<terminator>
OE1<terminator>
OAVE
Explanation
"m2" indicates the measurement value.
Values for m2 are:
0 = normal (RMS/DC depending on
measurement mode setting)
1 = peak (instantaneous)
2 = crest factor
3 = peak hold/inrush (RMS/DC)
Requests volt measurement
"m2" indicates the measurement value.
value.
Values for m2 are:
0 = normal (RMS/DC depending on
measurement mode setting)
1 = peak (instantaneous)
2 = crest factor
3 = peak hold/inrush (RMS/DC)
Requests watt measurement. "m2" indicates the measurement value.
Values for m2 are:
0 = watts
1 = VA
2 = power factor
3 = watts peak hold
Requests output of frequency.
--Requests phase measurement
--values (amps, volts, watts).
Retrieves displayed values of
--current, voltage and power.
Returns data in the same
format as the OE command.
Requests all measurement
--values.
44
OPERATION
OT<terminator>
Function
Requests amp measurement
value.
6. Calibration
6.1
Closed-Box Calibration
The 6510e features closed-box calibration. The advantage of closed-box calibration is that the user
does not have to disassemble the case or make mechanical adjustments.
6.2
Calibration Schedule
Calibrate the 6510e:
• After any repairs are performed.
• At least once a year; more frequently to ensure required accuracy.
6.3
Calibration Commands
Command Code
CA1,m2<terminator>
CV1,m2<terminator>
CS<terminator>
45
MAINTENANCE
CR<terminator>
Function
Explanation
Calibrates amps measurement "m2" indicates the calibrated input
value of present input range.
value applied to the input.
When m2 is equal to 0, the unit
assumes zero calibration is requested
and zero amps are on input.
When m2 is greater than 0, the unit
assumes gain calibration is requested
and m2 amps are on input.
Calibrates volts measurement "m2" indicates the calibrated input
value of present input range.
value applied to the input.
When m2 is equal to 0, the unit
assumes zero calibration is requested
and zero volts are on input.
When m2 is greater than 0, the unit
assumes gain calibration is requested
and m2 volts are on input.
Saves calibration values to
--EEPROM.
Restores all calibration values
--from EEPROM (used for
testing only).
Chapter 6 – Calibration
6.4
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Basic Calibration Process
PHASE
LOCK
IN
VARIABLE
PHASE
OUTPUT
VOLTAGE CALIBRATOR
VOLTAGE CALIBRATOR
FLUKE 5700A OR
FLUKE 5100A OR
EQUIVALENT
FLUKE 5700A OR
EQUIVALENT
VOLTS
VOLTS, HIGH
LOW
OPTIONAL-FOR AMPS >2
TRANSCONDUCTANCE AMP.
FLUKE 5725A, 5205A
GUILDLINE 7620A, OR
EQUIVALENT
CURRENT
HIGH
LOW
VOLTS
AMPS
V
A
N
A
L
O
G
A
750 V
MAX.
20 A
MAX.
±
±
O
U
T
P
U
T
1000 V
MAX.
EXT.
SENSOR
±10 V
MAX.
CAUTION: DOUBLE POLE FUSING
20VA 50/60Hz
EARTH
GROUND
EXT.
SYNC.
GPIB/IEEE-488
RS-232C
MAGTROL INC.
120V UL/CSA 250mA 250V SB
240V IEC 160mA 250V T
FUSE (5x20mm)
EARTH
Figure 6–1 Calibration/Verification Test Setup
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
Figure 6–2 Calibration Mode Enabled
46
POWER/PF
MAINTENANCE
The 6510e must be used with a personal computer to complete the calibration process.
1.Begin the process with the 6510e turned OFF.
2. Remove any external input connections.
3. Connect the amps and volts.
4. Turn the power ON while holding the SHIFT button. See Section 3.1 – Powering Up the
6510e. Before the display panel shows the segments of the VFD (series of rectangles), the
following display will appear indicating that the instrument has been placed in calibration
mode.
Chapter 6 – Calibration
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
5.
6.
Note:
7.
8.
Set volt and amp range by entering the following command codes.
VOLTS => RV1,m2 where m2 = 0 to 3
AMPS => RA1,m2 where m2 = 0 to 3
Set calibrator to 0 volts (DC) and 0 amps (DC).
DC is used for zero.
Enter the following commands.
VOLTS => CV1,0
AMPS => CA1,0
Set calibrator to full scale range for volts (AC) and amps (AC).
Note:
AC 80 Hz is used for gain.
9. Enter the following commands.
VOLTS => CV1,xx.xx
AMPS => CA1,xx.xx
Where xx.xx is the voltage/current on the inputs (full scale).
10. Repeat steps 5 through 9 for all ranges.
11. Remove amp and voltage inputs.
12. Attach external input to calibrator voltage.
13. Set amp range by entering the following command code.
AMPS => RA1,m2 where m2 = 4 to 7
14. Set calibrator to 0 volts (DC).
Note:
DC is used for zero.
15. Enter the following command.
AMPS => CA1,0
16. Set calibrator to volts full scale range (AC).
Note:
AC 80 Hz is used for gain.
17. Enter the following command.
AMPS => CA1,xx.xx
Where xx.xx is the voltage on the inputs (full scale).
18. Repeat steps 13 through 17 for all ranges.
19. When the calibration for all ranges is complete, enter the CS command to save.
47
MAINTENANCE
7. Optional Features
7.1
Analog Outputs
An option to the 6510e is an analog output plug-in module that provides 12 channels of analog
output corresponding to volts, amps and watts. Each output is capable of, and calibrated to, ± 10
volts. The user may apply a scale factor to all outputs by selecting “Analog Outputs” in the USER
MENU. See Section 7.1.4 – Software Configuration. Amps scaling is applied to all amp channels,
volts scaling is applied to all volt channels and watts scaling is applied to all watt channels.
7.1.1
Specifications
Full scale output range:
±10 V max.
Number of channels:
12
Output update rate (all channels) = 200 samples/sec (5 ms)
User selectable analog output scaling values are set from the front panel. Amp, volt and watt scaling
values correspond to units per analog output volts.
(units/output volt) × displayed measurement value = output volts
Examples:
• +15.000 V1 with volts scaling set to 10 V/V
• -100.00 V1 with volts scaling set to 100 V/V
• +5.000 A1 with amps scaling set to 1 A/V =
• +123.0 W1 with watt scaling set to 100 W/V
7.1.2
= +1.500 V
= -1.000 V
+5.000 V
= +1.230 V
Channel Assignments
Pin 14
Pin 25
Pin 1
Channel
1
2
3
Input
phase 1, amps
phase 1, volts
phase 1, watts
Pin Number
1, 14
2, 15
3, 16
Pin 13
Figure 7–1 Analog Output
Options
48
Chapter 7 – Optional Features
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
7.1.3
Hardware Connection
Warning:
In performing the following procedure,
it is assumed that proper ESD protection procedures will be implemented. The circuitry
involved is very static sensitive. If the analog output board is purchased separately, the board will need to be installed in the 6510e
with no other setup required. Installation instructions are as follows.
1. Turn the power OFF.
2. Disconnect the line cord.
3.Open the top cover of the unit by unscrewing the top four screws.
Note:
Care should be taken when removing the top cover because there
is a ground strap attached to it.
4. Disconnect the ground strap from the cover and lay the cover aside.
5. Locate the connector J3 / AUX2.
6.On the back of the 6510e is a cover plate associated with that connector. Remove the cover
plate by removing the two screws.
7. Slip the analog output board through the back of the unit and plug it into J3 / AUX2.
8. Using the screws removed from the cover plate, screw the analog output card into
position.
9. Replace the top cover by reconnecting the ground strap and replacing the four screws.
10. Finally, plug the line cord in to the back of the unit. When the power is turned on, the 6510e
will recognize the card is in place and start sending data to it.
7.1.4
Software Configuration
To configure the 6510e analog output, complete the following steps utilizing the USER MENU
located on the front panel of the unit.
1. Turn on the 6510e. See Section 3.1 – Powering Up the 6510e.
2. Press ENTER button. The display should appear as shown in Figure 2–3 Device Setup
Menu.
3. Press  and  buttons until ANALOG OUTPUT appears in the display.
4. Press ENTER button. The display will appear as follows.
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
49
Options
Figure 7–2 Analog Output Setup Menu
POWER/PF
Chapter 7 – Optional Features
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
5. To set amps value, press the RMS button under AMPS and use the     buttons in
the USER MENU to adjust the value.
6. To set volts value, press the RMS button under VOLTS and use the     buttons in
the USER MENU to adjust the value.
7. To set watts value, press the AVG button under WATTS and use the     buttons in
the USER MENU to adjust the value.
8. Press ENTER to exit the Device Setup Menu.
7.1.5
Calibration
7.1.5.1
Closed-Box Calibration
The 6510e features closed-box calibration for the analog output. The advantage of closed-box
calibration is that the user does not have to disassemble the case or make mechanical adjustments.
7.1.5.2
Calibration Schedule
Calibrate the 6510e analog output board:
• After any repairs are performed.
• At least once a year; more frequently to ensure required accuracy.
7.1.5.3
Calibration Commands
The following commands are accessible when the instrument is placed in calibration mode by
holding the SHIFT key while the power is turned on. “CALIBRATION MODE ENABLED” will
appear on the display.
Note:
If the unit has not been placed in calibration mode, all calibration
commands will return “CAL DISABLED” response.
Response to all analog output calibration commands:
Default:
Command Code
CMm<terminator>
output_string = <NULL_STRING (0x00) ><terminator>
Function
Sets calibration mode for
analog output D/A channels.
50
Options
Explanation
"m" indicates calibration mode OFF/ON.
Values for m are:
0 = D/A calibration mode OFF
(normal output mode)
1 = Set all D/A output channels to
Positive Full Scale.
(+10 V nominal)
2 = Set all D/A output channels to
Negative Full Scale.
(-10 V nominal)
CGm1,m2<terminator> Calibrates D/A output channel "m1" indicates D/A channel (1-3).
gain.
"m2" indicates the measured D/A
channel output voltage (positive or
negative full scale depending on
calibration mode).”
CX<terminator>
Saves all D/A analog output
--calibration values to EEPROM.
Chapter 7 – Optional Features
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
7.1.5.4
Basic Calibration Process
1. Turn on the unit with SHIFT button pressed.
2. Send CM1 command. This sets all DAC outputs to 10 volts nominal.
3. Using a volt meter, measure the voltage on the channel.
4. Send the appropriate CG command. See Section 7.1.5.3 – Calibration Commands.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until all 3 channels are complete.
6. Send CM2 command. This sets all DAC outputs to -10 volts nominal.
7. Using a volt meter, measure the voltage on the channel.
8. Send the appropriate CG command. See Section 7.1.5.3 – Calibration Commands.
9. Repeat steps 7 and 8 until all 3 channels are complete.
10. Send CX command to save calibration values.
Options
51
8. Troubleshooting
Problem
Display indicates I/O ERROR.
No GPIB communication.
No RS-232 communication.
Reason
Command does not match
the unit’s programmed set of
instructions.
Setup error and/or hardware
fault.
Setup error and/or hardware
fault.
Solution
Use correct command and
format.
Check:
• GPIB address of power
analyzer.
• GPIB cable - should be
functioning and attached to
power analyzer and computer
interface card.
Check:
• Baud rate of power analyzer.
• Pinout of serial cable.
• Cable attachment to power
analyzer and serial interface
port of computer.
If you require additional assistance, please contact Magtrol Customer Service at 1-716-668-5555.
MAINTENANCE
52
53
1
2
MTG_HOLE
MH1
1
10uF
C6
C4
TP10
TP6
TP7
TP8
TP9
GND
TAB(OUT) 4
OUT 2
R16
10k
TP4
LT1117-3.3
3 IN
U2
TP2
0.1uF
+5VD
FREQ
R15
10k
R13
10k
1
appendices
J2
$G_+5VD
IRQA
IRQB
IRQC
IRQD
R12
10k
+3VD
C1
0.1uF
TCK
TDI
TDO
TMS
TRST
DE
C13
0.1uF
+3VD
MODE 1: BYTE WIDE BOOT-STRAP
@ $D00000
MODA = 1
MODB = 0
MODC = 0
MODD = 0 or 1
3
VSS
U7
C2
10uF
+3VD
R10
10k
R11
10k
TP3
+3VD
TP1
PINT/NMI
MODA/IRQA
MODB/IRQB
MODC/IRQC
MODD/IRQD
SC10
SC11
SC12
SCK1
SRD1
STD1
SC00
SC01
SC02
SCK0
SRD0
STD0
HAD0
HAD1
HAD2
HAD3
HAD4
HAD5
HAD6
HAD7
HAS/A0
HA8/A1
HA9/A2
HRW/RD
HDS/WR
HCS/A10
HREQ/TRQ
HACK/RRQ
GND
OUT 3
$G_+3VD
+3VD
C17
0.01uF
TMS
DE
TRST
RESET
C27
0.1uF
8.0000MHz
XTAL_OSC_SMT
2
0.1uF
C5
TCK
TDI
TDO
TMS
TRST
DE
+3VD
141
140
139
142
138
5
20 R1
49 R0
13 RXD
14 TXD
15 SCLK
11
144
143
16
1
2
12
4
3
17
7
10
43
42
41
40
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
22
21
30
24
23
29 TIO0
28 TIO1
27 TIO2
6
137
136
135
134
U10
44 RESET
U1
1 NC/OE VDD 4
R8
10k
RXD
TXD
SYNC
SC10
SC11
SC12
SCK1
SRD1
STD1
SC00
SC01
SC02
SCK0
SRD0
STD0
ROW_1
ROW_2
ROW_3
ROW_4
COL_1
COL_2
COL_3
COL_4
CCLK
D/P
DIN
PROG
FREQ
BEEP
TIO2
IRQA
IRQB
IRQC
IRQD
$G_DGND
+3VD
RESET
R5
10k
+3VD
93LC56A
8 VCC
CS 1
7 NC
CLK 2
6 ORG
DI 3
5 GND DO 4
MCP130
0.1uF
C3
2
VDD
1
RST
+5VD
59 CLKOUT
46 PCAP
C24
0.1uF
1
3
5
7
9
8MHz
+3VD
TP5
J9
2
4
6
8
10
99
98
97
94
93
92
89
88
85
84
83
82
79
78
77
76
73
72
133
132
131
128
125
124
123
122
121
118
117
116
115
114
113
110
109
108
107
106
105
102
101
100
63
64
71
62
60
61
52
70
69
51
50
WR
RD
AA0
AA1
AA2
AA3
A17
A16
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
D23
D22
D21
D20
D19
D18
D17
D16
D15
D14
D13
D12
D11
D10
D9
D8
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
C7
0.1uF
TCK
TDI
TDO
C18
0.01uF
C10
0.01uF
R6
10k
+3VD
C28
0.1uF
DSP56303PV100
BR
BB
BG
TA
BCLK
BCLK
CAS
AA0
AA1
AA2
AA3
WR 67
RD 68
A17
A16
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
D23
D22
D21
D20
D19
D18
D17
D16
D15
D14
D13
D12
D11
D10
D9
D8
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
C9
6800pF
C11
0.01uF
CLKOUT
53 XTAL
55 EXTAL
+5VD
AA0
RD
WR
C8
0.1uF
C12
0.01uF
D3
D2
D1
D0
D4
D5
D6
D7
A0
A2
A4
A6
A9
A11
A13
A15
A16
A14
A12
A10
A8
A7
A5
A3
A1
C26
0.1uF
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
B10
C25
C34
0.01uF 0.1uF
C32
0.01uF
SYNC
FSO_V1
SDO_V1
SCO_V1
G0_V1
G1_V1
TEST_V1
FREQ_V1
C21
0.1uF
C22
0.01uF
+5VD
D19
D18
D17
D16
D20
D21
D22
D23
A0
A2
A4
A6
A9
A11
A13
A15
A16
A14
A12
A10
A8
A7
A5
A3
A1
SC00
SC01
SC02
SCK0
SRD0
STD0
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A[0:17]
C19
0.1uF
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
B10
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
B10
C20
0.01uF
C15
0.1uF
C16
0.01uF
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
DQ0
DQ1
DQ2
DQ3
DQ4
DQ5
DQ6
DQ7
+5VD
+5VD
GND
OUT 3
14.31818MHz
XTAL_OSC_SMT
2
CLKIN
0.1uF
C14
+5VD
U4
1 NC/OE VDD 4
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
B10
C29
10uF
SYNC
FSO_V3
SDO_V3
SCO_V3
G0_V3
G1_V3
TEST_V3
FREQ_V3
+5VD
DIN20_SOCKET
J5
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
J8
R7
10k
IO_8
IO_9
IO_10
DIN20_SOCKET
J3
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
+5VD
CLKIN
FSO_A3
SDO_A3
SCO_A3
G0_A3
G1_A3
AUX_A3
FREQ_A3
RP 10
HEADER_2
C30
10uF
C31
10uF
SHORTED = BOOT BLOCK WRITE ENABLED
WP 12
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
B10
+3VD
Vpp 11
MT28F004B3
SC10
SC11
SC12
SCK1
SRD1
STD1
22 CE
24 OE
9 WE
25
26
27
28
32
33
34
35
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A17
U9
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
8
7
36
6
5
4
3
2
1
40
C23
0.1uF
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A17
AA1
IO_0
IO_1
IO_2
IO_3
IO_4
IO_5
IO_6
IO_7
SYNC
FSO_V2
SDO_V2
SCO_V2
G0_V2
G1_V2
TEST_V2
FREQ_V2
DIN20_SOCKET
J4
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
IDT71V124SA
5 CS
28 OE
12 WE
6 DQ0
7 DQ1
10 DQ2
11 DQ3
22 DQ4
23 DQ5
26 DQ6
27 DQ7
1
2
3
4
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
29
30
31
32
U5
D[0:23]
DIN20_SOCKET
J6
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
+5VD
CLKIN
FSO_A2
SDO_A2
SCO_A2
G0_A2
G1_A2
AUX_A2
FREQ_A2
+5VD
IDT71V124SA
IDT71V124SA
6 DQ0
7 DQ1
10 DQ2
11 DQ3
22 DQ4
23 DQ5
26 DQ6
27 DQ7
1
2
3
4
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
29
30
31
32
5 CS
28 OE
12 WE
D11
D10
D9
D8
D12
D13
D14
D15
A0
A2
A4
A6
A9
A11
A13
A15
A16
A14
A12
A10
A8
A7
A5
A3
A1
U6
5 CS
28 OE
12 WE
6 DQ0
7 DQ1
10 DQ2
11 DQ3
22 DQ4
23 DQ5
26 DQ6
27 DQ7
1
2
3
4
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
29
30
31
32
U8
DIN20_SOCKET
J7
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
+5VD
CLKIN
FSO_A1
SDO_A1
SCO_A1
G0_A1
G1_A1
AUX_A1
FREQ_A1
A[0:17]
D[0:23]
2
1
U3
Appendix A: Schematics
A.1Main Board - DSP, RAM, FLASH
54
C47
0.1uF
C48
0.1uF
DATA15
DATA14
DATA13
DATA12
DATA11
DATA10
DATA9
DATA8
DATA7
DATA6
DATA5
DATA4
DATA3
DATA2
DATA1
DATA0
PAGED
SWAPN
BURST_RDN
FIFO_RDY
MODE
C56
0.1uF
C46
0.1uF
TNT4882
52 NC
26
29
31
30
53
22 CPUACC
32 DRQ
33 DACKN
38 RDY1
34 INTR
14 ABUSN
62 BBUSN
55 CSN
64 WRN
63 RDN
2
3
5
6
7
9
10
11
50
49
47
46
44
43
42
39
ADDR4
ADDR3
ADDR2
ADDR1
ADDR0
appendices
GPIB_IRQ
U14
19
18
17
16
15
67 RESETN
C44
0.1uF
BBUS_OEN
ABUS_OEN
C58
0.1uF
1
20
28
REM
23
TRIG
51
DCAS
21
98
99
100
TADCS
66
LADCS
KEYCLKN
KEYDQ
KEYRSTN
C57
0.1uF
70
79
81
82
84
85
73
76
71
74
77
80
88
89
91
92
95
XTAL0
96
XTAL1
RENN
IFCN
NDACN
NRFDN
DAVN
EOIN
ATNN
SRQN
DIO8N
DIO7N
DIO6N
DIO5N
DIO4N
DIO3N
DIO2N
DIO1N
U13
GND
OUT
3
4
VDD
C43
0.1uF
+5VD
XTAL_OSC_SMT
40.000MHz
2
1 NC/OE
0.1uF
C45
+5VD
9
10
11
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
24
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
40MHz
IEEE488
MH1 MH2
J13
FREQ_LINE
FREQ_EXT
TP11
TP14
D6
R18
10k
+5VD
2
3
PS2702-1
1
U11
0.001uF
C65
4
D7
D1N914
D1N914
+5VD
D5
D1N914
150K
R14
150K
R17
100k
R22
1
BNC
J14
2
1
2
J10
ROW_1
ROW_2
ROW_3
ROW_4
R4
1.5k
1%
R3
1.5k
1%
R1
1.5k
1%
R2
1.5k
1%
RXD
TXD
AUX0
AUX1
+5VD
+5VD
WR
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
V-
V+
GND
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
J11
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
I/O_D6
I/O_D4
I/O_D2
I/O_D0
+5VD
COL_4
COL_3
COL_2
J16
MH1
MH2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
RS-232
COL_1
RS_RXD
RS_TXD
DTR
CS_VFD
BUSY
C39
10uF
D1N914
BEEP
D1N914
D1N914
D1N914
D4
I/O_D[0:7]
AUX2
C49
0.1uF
D3
D2
D1
MAX232ACSE
13
RX1IN
8
RX2IN
14
6
2
C64 0.1uF
TX1OUT
7
TX2OUT
VCC
12 RX1OUT
9 RX2OUT
I/O_D7
I/O_D5
I/O_D3
I/O_D1
J1
5 C2-
0.1uF
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
4 C2+
11 TX1IN
10 TX2IN
3 C1C55
U16
1 C1+
0.1uF
C62
+5VD
C63 0.1uF
15
+5VD
CS_GPIB
WR
RD
I/O_D7
I/O_D6
I/O_D5
I/O_D4
I/O_D3
I/O_D2
I/O_D1
I/O_D0
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
16
I/O_D[0:7]
A[0:17]
A.2
RESET
Appendix A: Schematics
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
main board - input/output, gpib, rs-232
Appendix A: Schematics
Magtrol Model 6510e SIngle-Phase Power Analyzer
A.3
main board - fpga
U12
107
74
72
36
CCLK
PROG
D/P
CCLK
PROGRAM
DONE
MODE
I/O54
I/O55
I/O56/SGCK3
I/O57
I/O58/PGCK3
I/O59
I/O60
I/O61
I/O62
I/O63
I/O64
I/O65
I/O66
I/O67
I/O68
I/O69
I/O70
I/O71
I/O72
I/O73
I/O74
I/O75
I/O76
I/O77
I/O78
I/O79
I/O80
I/O81
I/O82
I/O83/(DIN)
I/O84/SGCK4/(DOUT)
O85/TDO
I/O86
I/O87/PGCK4
I/O88
I/O89
I/O90
I/O91
I/O92
I/O93
I/O94
I/O95
I/O96
I/O97
I/O98
I/O99
I/O100
I/O101
I/O102
I/O103
I/O104
I/O105
I/O106
I/O107
I/O108
I/O109
I/O110
I/O111
I/O112
I/O113
I/O114/SGCK1
38 N/C2
34 N/C1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
28
29
30
31
32
33
39
40
41
42
43
44
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
65
66
67
WR
I/O_D7
I/O_D6
I/O_D5
TDI_X
TCK_X
I/O_D4
I/O_D3
TMS_X
I/O_D2
I/O_D1
I/O_D0
IO_3
IO_2
IO_7
FSO_A3
IO_5
IO_6
IO_4
D15
D14
D13
D12
D11
D10
D9
D8
SCO_V3
SCO_A1
D7
D6
D5
+3VD
R9
10k
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
A0
A1
INIT
A2
A3
IO_10
IO_9
IO_8
G0_A1
BUSY
FSO_A1
G1_A1
G0_V1
AUX0
I/O1/PGCK1
I/O2
I/O3
I/O4
I/O5/TDI
I/O6/TCK
I/O7
I/O8
I/O9/TMS
I/O10
I/O11
I/O12
I/O13
I/O14
I/O15
I/O16
I/O17
I/O18
I/O19
I/O20
I/O21
I/O22
I/O23
I/O24
I/O25
I/O26
I/O27
I/O28/SGCK2
I/O29/PGCK2
I/O30/(HDC)
I/O31
I/O32
I/O33
I/O34/(LDC)
I/O35
I/O36
I/O37
I/O38
I/O39
I/O40
I/O41
I/O42/(INIT)
I/O43
I/O44
I/O45
I/O46
I/O47
I/O48
I/O49
I/O50
I/O51
I/O52
I/O53
68
69
70
75
76
77
78
79
80
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
101
102
103
104
105
106
109
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
138
139
140
141
142
143
IRQC
USB_IRQ
SCO_V2
TIO2
SCO_V1
AUX1
AUX_A1
AUX2
TEST_V1
IRQD
G1_V1
FREQ_V1
FREQ_A1
FREQ_V2
FREQ_A2
FREQ
FREQ_EXT
FREQ_LINE
FREQ_V3
FREQ_A3
AUX_A2
G1_A3
AUX_A3
G0_A3
IO_0
G1_A2
IO_1
G0_A2
G1_V2
DIN
DOUT
TDO_X
GPIB_IRQ
SCO_A2
IRQB
G0_V2
G1_V3
TEST_V2
J12
1
3
5
7
9
CCLK
D/P
DIN
PROG
+5VD
2
4
6
8
10
TCK_X
TDO_X
TDI_X
TMS_X
TP12
DOUT
G0_V3
TEST_V3
SDO_A1
SDO_A2
SDO_V1
FSO_V1
IRQA
AA2
FSO_A2
SDO_V2
FSO_V2
SDO_A3
CS_GPIB
A17
SDO_V3
FSO_V3
A16
RD
CS_VFD
CS_USB
AA3
SCO_A3
XCS10XL-4TQ144C
+3VD
XCS10XL DECOUPLING CAPS
C41
0.1uF
C42
0.1uF
C40
0.1uF
C37
0.1uF
C36
0.1uF
C33
0.1uF
C35
0.1uF
C38
0.1uF
appendices
55
1
0.012
1%
4
R1
2 SEN+
3SEN-
56
C13
0.1u
C23
0.1u
U2
0_A
D1N914
+5VA_A
V4
1
0_A
C30
0.1u
C7
0.1u
C11
0.1u
U17
OP262GS
C31
0.1u
ADG704
2 -
U1A
3 +
8
V+
C8
0.1u
MH1
1
MTG_HOLE
C12
0.1u
ADG719
TP3
0_A
620
0.1%
R11
ADG719BRM
D1
25
R10
XREF_A
Bias_A
V4
470
R16
- 6
U4B
8
+ 5
V+
0_A
V4
1
VDD
0_A
GND
OP262GS
+5VA_A
OP262GS
7
2 -
5 EN
1 A0
10 A1
7 S4
4 S3
9 S2
2 S1
D8
3
C34
25
0_A
GND
4
C17
1nF
NPO
C21
1nF
NPO
C32
10uF
0_A
R13
25
C16
1nF
NPO
TP6
0_A
R12
2
0.1u
V+
VOUT 6
SHTDWN
U7
REF_A
+5VA_A
REF192FS
+5VA_A
ADG704BRM
U4A
3 +
8
V+
+5VA_A
G0_A
G1_A
12.0k 0.1%
R21
0pF
C27
2.4k 0.1%
U5
C29
0.1u
0_A
0_A
0_A
R27
1.2k
DGND_A
+5VD_A
TP5
TP4
1
R18
VIN(+)
12 XTAL
11 CLKIN
17 RESET
27 CAL
30 SYNC
7 UNI
22 REF1
24 REF2
16 VIN(-)
18
U8
63.4k
V4 OP262GS 1%
+/-1.25V FULL
SCALE
2 -
U2A
3 +
8
V+
+5VA_A
47nF
C15
105.0k
1%
R17
C37
0.1u
0_A
C38
0.1u
7
DGND_A
DGND_A
C35
10uF
+5VD_A
AD7722AS
P/S 8
CFMT/DRDY 4
L1
0
R28
+5VD_A
C22
0.1u
C20
0.1u
1.2k
R22
10k
R23
DGND_A
DGND_A
1mH
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
40
41
42
43
44
1
2
3
DVAL/RD 5
CS 29
DGND/DB15
DGND/DB14
DGND/DB13
DGND/DB12
DGND/DB11
DGND/DB10
FSO/DB9
SDO/DB8
SCO/DB7
FSI/DB6
SFMT/DB5
DOE/DB4
TSI/DB3
DGND/DB2
DGND/DB1
DGND/DB0
1nF
10uF
10V, NP
C25
0_A
AUX_A
100
R33
0.1u
3
4
5
PS9711
3
4
5
PS9711
3
4
5
5 -V
6 0V
7 +V
2
1
PS9711
4
2
1
N/C 4
GND 2
Vin 1
C88
10uF
U18F
12
2
U18D
8
C45
0.1u
+5V
U18C
6
9
74HC14
U18B
4
74HC14
U18A
AUX
GA_1
GA_0
74HC14
74HC14
13
74HC14
5
3
1
+3V
U19
R37
470
+3V
NMV0505S
VOUT 5
3
4
5
U15
5
6
8
1.2k
R39
1.2k
R38
1.2k
+5V
U13 HCPL0720
2
1
U9
2
1
U10
2
1
U11
+5VD_A
C39
3 ON/OFF
U37
1 VIN
0_A
C24
10uF
+5VA_A
2
3
PS9711
1
4
PS2701-1
2
3
U17
1
4
PS2701-1
2
3
U16
1
R35
10k
R36
+5V
PS2701-1
4
U14
3
DGND_A
DGND_A
R30
470
R31
470
R32
470
R6
10k
R24
10k
R26
10k
+5VA_A
4
2
PS2701-1
U12
1
+5VD_A
R34
1.2k
LP2981AIM5-3.3
+5V
100k
R25
G1_A
C28
0.1u
1
0_A
V4 LM393
G0_A
2 -
U6A
3 +
8
V+
0.1u
+5VA_A
C33
zero cross detector with hyserisis
XREF_A
V4 OP262GS
C36
R29
10
+5VD_A
6 -
U2B
5 +
8
V+
330pF
C14
6
DGND1 28
DGND
AGND7 26
25
AGND6 21
AGND5 19
AGND4 15
AGND3 13
AGND2 10
AGND1 9
AGND
0_A
C10
0.1u
C2
10uF
U1
C6
0pF
D1N914
GND
VDD
10pF
R20
150.0k
1%
C9
22nF
R4
C4
2.2nF +5VA_A
23
14 AVDD2
20 AVDD1
AVDD
C3
0.1u
0.1%
D1
D2
6 IN
8 S2
2 S1
U3
+5VA_A
1.2k
0.1%
C26
49.9k
1%
R2
49.9k
1%
63.4k
1%
R19
4th Order Chebyshev 500 Hz LPF
DVDD
C1
10uF
+5VA_A
R7
9.1k
R3
9.1k
0.1%
+5VA_A
TP2
TP1
330pF
C5
1.2k 0.1%
R8
3
39
appendices
1
2
7
OP262GS
V4
4
AUX_A
6 -
R15
3
J1
620
0.1%
R9
U1B
5 +
8
V+
C19
22pF
6
2:1 VOLTAGE DIVIDER
IN+
+
IN-
SHUNT
620
0.1%
R14
47pF
C18
R5
+5V
C47
10uF
SYNC
CLKIN
CLKIN
FSO_A
SDO_A
SCO_A
GA_0
GA_1
AUX
Freq_A
Freq_A
C42
0.1u
TP7
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
B10
C43
0.1u
74HC14
U18E
10
C40
0.1u
11
UNUSED GATES
SCO_A
SDO_A
FSO_A
TEST
DIN20_PLUG
J2
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
C41
0.1u
+5V
+5V
C44
0.1u
SYNC
FSO_V
SDO_V
SCO_V
GV_0
GV_1
TEST
Freq_V
Appendix A: Schematics
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
A.4Input Module - Current
GND 2
57
C80
0.1u
C82
10uF
0_V
2 -
3 +
0_V
OP262GS
1
U35A
C84
0.1u
C79
0.1u
4
V-
V+
8
+5VA_V
4
V-
7
0_V
OP262GS
V+
C59
10uF
TP8
0_V
C62
0.1u
C74
1nF
NPO
C70
1nF
NPO
C75
1nF
NPO
0_V
R51
1.2k
DGND_V
+5VD_V
TP9
TP10
+
/
0_V
VIN(+)
C54
0.1u
12 XTAL
11 CLKIN
17 RESET
27 CAL
30 SYNC
7 UNI
22 REF1
24 REF2
16 VIN(-)
18
U29
+5VA_V
C55
0.1u
0_V
1nF
26
25
DGND_V
C53
10uF
+5VD_V
0
R47
1mH
L2
AD7722AS
8
P/S
4
CFMT/DRDY
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
40
41
42
43
44
1
2
3
5
DVAL/RD
29
CS
DGND_V
OP262GS
7
DGND/DB15
DGND/DB14
DGND/DB13
DGND/DB12
DGND/DB11
DGND/DB10
FSO/DB9
SDO/DB8
SCO/DB7
FSI/DB6
SFMT/DB5
DOE/DB4
TSI/DB3
DGND/DB2
DGND/DB1
DGND/DB0
4
V-
V+
C56
R48
10
+5VD_V
6
28
6 -
U35B
5 +
8
+5VA_V
0_V
GND
4
6
0.1u
VOUT
3
SHTDWN
V+
U30 2
25
R65
25
R66
0_V
REF_V
+5VA_V
C57
REF192FS
0_V
AGND6
21
AGND5
19
AGND4
15
AGND3
13
AGND2
10
AGND1
9
AGND
470
Bias_V
GND
DGND
R62
4
V- 6
U33B
8
+ 5
V+
OP262GS
7
1
U33A
OP262GS
0_V
4
V-
V+
8
+5VA_V
ADG704BRM
5 EN
1 A0
10 A1
7 S4
47nF
C76
105.0k
1%
6 -
DGND1
Bias_V
25
R68
XREF_V
2 -
3 +
+5VA_V
G0_V
G1_V
D 8
63.4k
1%
R61
U34B
5 +
8
C77 330pF
AGND7
MTG_HOLE
MH2
1
TP12
620
0.1%
R67
R58
12.0k 0.1%
4 S3
9 S2
0_V
4 OP262GS
V-
R60
AVDD
C61
0.1u
C60
0.1u
D1N914
D1N914
C65
0pF
2 -
1
R59
63.4k
1%
23
14 AVDD2
20 AVDD1
C68
0.1u
C78
0.1u
C85
0pF
D3
D4
TP11
VDD
150.0k 1%
49.9k
1%
C81
22nF
R71
R72
V+
U34A
3 +
8
+5VA_V
C86 2.2nF
DVDD
0_V
C87
0.1u
0.1%
2.4k
1%
2.0M
C83
10uF
+5VA_V
R69
R73
+5VA_V
2 S1
U32
+5VA_V
3
39
appendices
1
2
2.4k 0.1%
10pF
R57
C64
1.2k 0.1%
R63
22pF
C72
620 0.1%
R64
6
J3
C73
47pF
R70
49.9k
1%
C66
C69
0.1u
C71
0.1u
DGND_V
C63
0.1u
0_V
C67
10uF
C52
0.1u
+5VA_V
100
R50
G1_V
G0_V
100k
0_V
1.2k
+5VD_V
1
0_V
4 LM393
V-
0.1u
R53
2 -
V+
U31A
3 +
8
R56
10k
R55
DGND_V
XREF_V
10V, NP
10uF
+5VA_V
C58
DGND_V
R46
470
R45
470
R44
470
3
4
5
PS9711
3
4
5
PS9711
3
4
5
PS9711
2
1
Vin
GND
U20
2
1
PS9711
4
2
1
NMV0505S
5 -V
6 0V
7 +V
3
4
5
U23
5
6
8
U24 HCPL0720
2
1
U28
2
1
U27
2
1
U26
R43
470
C46
0.1u
1.2k
R42
1.2k
8
U36F
3
12
+5V
74HC14
10
74HC14
U36E
+5V
U36C
6
74HC14
74HC14
U36D
U36B
4
13
11
9
+3V
5
74HC14
R41
10k
R40
+5V
+5V
2
3
PS2701-1
1
4
U22
2
PS2701-1
3
3
4
1
U21
PS2701-1
U25
4
DGND_V
+5VD_V
R54
10k
R52
10k
+5VA_V
2
1
+5VD_V
R49
1.2k
GV_1
C50
0.1u
GV_0
C49
0.1u
SYNC
CLKIN
Freq_V
C48
0.1u
C51
0.1u
FSO_V
C89
0.1u
74HC14
U36A
2
SCO_V
SDO_V
1
Magtrol Model 6510e SIngle-Phase Power Analyzer
Appendix A: Schematics
A.5Input Module - voltage
Appendix A: Schematics
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
A.6Key Pad
appendices
58
U14
93C56
8
7
6
5
R23
+ C21
10uF
STD1
470
R31
470
R30
470
R32
1
2
1
2
1
2
4
5
GND 3
4
VCC 5
59
J2–B10
J2–B9
J2–B8
J2–B7
J2–B6
J2–B5
J2–B4
J2–B3
J2–B2
J2–B1
J2–A10
J2–A9
1010
109
DGND
DGND
appendices
J2–A8
+
C7
10uF
1 NC
–
+
2
3
U6
LM4431
DGND
1 CS VCC
2 CLK NC
3 DI ORG
4 DO GND
C6
1
AGND
R28
10.0k
+5V
100k
AGND
-15VA
4
5 +U7-B
6–
8
7
LT2078
20.5k
+15VA
R29
10.1k
R21
10.0k
AGND
1
R22
2 –U7-A
3+
LT2078
470
R33
– VREF
4
DGND
+5VD
GND 3
+ VREF
2
5
2
1
GND
VIN
-15V
AGND
+15V
3
4
VR2
DCDCNMH0515S
LOAD
U11
U11
97110PT0 9711DPTD
GND 3
VCC
U10
97110PT0
GND 3
4
5
VCC
3.3V
4
SCK1
VCC
J2–A7
R34
10.0k
DGND
2
GND
5
1
U13
97110PT0
108
SC12
SC11
SC10
VOUT
ON/OFF NC
VIN
3.3V
J2–A6
J2–A5
J2–A4
J2–A3
J2–A2
J2–A1
3
1
VR3
LP2981
U12
97110PT0
+5V
-15V
C17 + C18
0.1
10uF
C19 + C20
0.1
10uF
+15V
SYNC
DATAIN
CLOCK
U9 MCP130
2 VCC OUT 3
1 GND
L2 1MH
DGND2 AGND
L4 1MH
L3 1MH
RESET
1 IN
C5
0.1
C4
0.1
3
GND
-15VA
C9
0.1
C3
1
L1 1MH
C1
0.1
C8
1
+15VA
OUT 2
VR1
LM7805CT
+
+
+
C2
0.1
C14
10uF
C10
0.1
C13
1OuF
C11
0.1
C12
10uF
+5V
A.7.1
C16 + C15
1
10uF
+5VD
3.3V
Magtrol Model 6510e SIngle-Phase Power Analyzer
Appendix A: Schematics
A.7Analog Output
Analog Output – drawing 1 of 4
Appendix A: Schematics
A.7.2
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Analog Output – drawing 2 of 4
+15VA
D1
BAT54S
2
R35
LT2079
3
–VREF
+
1
U5-A
1
C22 0.01
+VREF
–15VA
+15VA
+5V
2
VREF –
4
3
10k
+15VA
D2
BAT54S
VOUT1 22
ad7834
VOUT2 6
5
VOUT3
21
6
VOUT4
7
LT2079
+
U5-B
2
R36
7
1
C23 0.01
10k
9
D3
BAT54S
2
R37
8
U5-C
1
C24 0.01
J1-3
499
J1-16
3
10k
+15VA
-15VA
13
+
11
14
U5-D
J1-10
D4
BAT54S
LT2079
12
WATTS PHASE 1
-15VA
R27
R26
10k
VOLTS PHASE 1
-15VA
LT2079
+
J1-15
+15VA
DGND2
10
J1-2
499
3
R20
R19
10k
AGND
AMPS PHASE 1
-15VA
VREF +
1
VSS
9
23
VDD
VCC
PAEN
PA0
PA1
PA2
PA3
PA4
FSYNC
DIN
SCLK
LDAC
CLR
DSG
SYNC
DATAIN
CLOCK
LOAD
RESET
17
12
13
14
15
16
18
11
10
19
20
28 AGND
8 DGND
2
U8
J1-14
3
R17
R18
10k
J1-1
499
J1-23
AMPS SUM
2
R37
1
499
4
AGND
3
+15VA
C25 0.01
R25
10k
-15VA
R24
10k
appendices
60
Appendix A: Schematics
Magtrol Model 6510e SIngle-Phase Power Analyzer
A.7.3
Analog Output – drawing 3 of 4
+15VA
3+
D5
BAT54S
2
LT2079
1
2 –U1-A
R40
1
–VREF
+VREF
4
3
VREF –
VOUT1 22
ad7834
VOUT2 6
DSG
R1
-15VA
10k
+15VA
LT2079
5+
U1-B 7
6 –
VREF +
–15VA
+15VA
23
1
VSS
PAEN
PA0
PA1
PA2
PA3
PA4
FSYNC
DIN
SCLK
LDAC
CLR
VDD
VCC
9
+5V
SYNC
DATAIN
CLOCK
LOAD
RESET
17
12
13
14
15
16
18
11
10
19
20
28 AGND
8 DGND
2
U3
VOUT3
21
VOUT4
7
R3
10k
+
R39
1
J1-18
R4
-15VA
10k
+15VA
8
9–
DGND2
VOLTS PHASE 2
D7
BAT54S
2
R41
1
C28 0.01
J1-5
499
3
LT2079
U1-C
AMPS PHASE 2
D6
BAT54S
2
C27 0.01
10
J1-17
3
C26 0.01
R2
10k
J1-4
499
J1-6
499
3
WATTS PHASE 2
J1-19
AGND
-15VA
R12
R11
10k
10k
+15VA
-15VA
LT2079
12 + 11
13 –U1-D
4
2
D8
BAT54S
J1-11
R42
14
1
VOLTS SUM
J1-24
499
3
AGND
+15VA
C29 0.01
R10
10k
-15VA
R9
10k
appendices
61
Appendix A: Schematics
A.7.4
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
Analog Output – drawing 4 of 4
+15VA
3+
D9
BAT54S
2
LT2079
1
2 –U2-A
R44
1
–VREF
+VREF
4
3
VREF –
VOUT1 22
AD7834
VOUT2 6
DSG
R5
-15VA
10k
+15VA
LT2079
5+
U2-B 7
6 –
VREF +
–15VA
+15VA
23
1
VSS
PAEN
PA0
PA1
PA2
PA3
PA4
FSYNC
DIN
SCLK
LDAC
CLR
VDD
VCC
9
+5V
SYNC
DATAIN
CLOCK
LOAD
RESET
17
12
13
14
15
16
18
11
10
19
20
28 AGND
8 DGND
2
U4
VOUT3
21
VOUT4
7
R7
10k
+
R43
1
J1-21
R8
-15VA
10k
+15VA
8
9–
DGND2
VOLTS PHASE 3
D11
BAT54S
2
R45
1
C32 0.01
J1-8
499
3
LT2079
U2-C
AMPS PHASE 3
D10
BAT54S
2
C31 0.01
10
J1-20
3
C30 0.01
R6
10k
J1-7
499
J1-9
499
3
WATTS PHASE 3
J1-22
AGND
-15VA
R16
R15
10k
10k
+15VA
-15VA
LT2079
12 + 11
13 –U2-D
4
2
D12
BAT54S
J1-12
R46
14
1
WATTS SUM
J1-25
499
3
AGND
+15VA
C33 0.01
R14
10k
-15VA
R13
10k
appendices
62
Glossary
Following is a list of abbreviations and terms used in this manual. For a list of symbols and abbreviations used on
the 6510e display, refer to Section 2.3.2 – Display Guide.
Active Power ................The sum of the instantaneous volts input multiplied by the instantaneous amps input = true
power = watts.
Apparent Power ..........The product of volts root mean square and amps root mean square.
DSP ...............................Digital Signal Processing
EXT. SYNC. ........................External Synchronization. Using an external source to synchronize the measurements in
cycle-by-cycle mode.
GPIB . ...........................General Purpose Interface Bus. IEEE-488 Instrument Bus Standard.
IEEE .............................Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Organization best known for developing
standards for the computer and electronics industry.
Inrush (↑) . ...................The initial current that is drawn when an electronic device is turned on. The inrush current
can be substantially higher in magnitude than when the circuit is at its steady state.
MOV .............................Metal Oxide Varistor – transient suppressor, needed when inductive loads are used.
PA .................................Power Analyzer
PC .................................Personal Computer
PF .................................Power Factor = COSØ = True Power/(Vrms x Irms)
RMS .............................Root Mean Square
RS-232 ..........................Recommended Standard-232C, a standard interface approved by the Electronic Industries
Association (EIA) for connecting serial devices.
True Power ..................The sum of the instantaneous volts input multiplied by the instantaneous amps input = active
power = watts.
VA .................................Volt Amperes
W ..................................Watts = Vrms x Irms x COSØ = True Power = Active Power, where Ø is the phase angle
between V and I.
appendices
63
Index
A
D
Abbreviations Used 9
Active Power 63
Amp Scaling 21
Amp Scaling Setup Menu 21
Amps Gain 28
Amps Input 10
Amps Signal 28
Analog Output 11
Hardware Connection 49
Setup Menu 49
Software Configuration 49
Analog Outputs 48
Analog Processing 27
Apparent Power 63
Average Mode 25
Data Format 40
Data Output Commands 44
Data Sheet 2
Data Termination Characters 41
Digital Processing 29
B
G
E
Ext. Sync. 11,63
External Sensor 10,19
External Sensor Scale Factor Setup Menu 20
External Shunt 29
F
Features 1
Front Panel 5
Gain
Amps 28
Volts 27
GPIB
Installation 37
Primary Address 37
GPIB/IEEE-488 11
GPIB Interface 37
Baud Rate 39
Buttons 5,6
C
Calibration 50
Commands 45,50
Mode 46
Process 46,51
Schedule 45,50
Setup 46
Channel Assignments 48
Circuit Breakers 16
Closed-Box Calibration 45,50
Commands
Calibration 45,50
Configuration 42
Data Output 44
Communication Commands 42
Communication Parameters 39
Configuration Commands 42
Connection
6530-to-PC 39
Analog Output Board 49
RS-232 38
Continuous Mode 36
Contrast Settings 8
Controls 5,6
Crest Factor 36
Current
Current/Potential Transformer Connection 21
Current Overload 15
Custom Display 26
Custom Main Menu 14
Cycle-by-Cycle Mode 24,36
H
Hold Mode 25
I
Input Module 10
Inputs 10
Amps Input 10
Ext. Sync. 11
External Sensor 10
Voltage Input 10
Inrush 63
Inrush Current 35
Interrupt Driven
AC 30
DC 32
L
Line Voltage 13
M
Main Menu 14
Main Program
AC 31
DC 33
64
Index
Magtrol Model 6510e Single-Phase Power Analyzer
T
Measurement Filter 18
Measurement Methods 36
Measurement Modes 34
Menus
Amp Scaling Setup Menu 21
Analog Output Setup Menu 49
Custom Main Menu 14
External Sensor Scale Factor Setup Menu 20
Main Menu 14
Phase Main Menu 14
Volt Scaling Setup Menu 23
Metal Oxide Varistor 15,63
Testing Instrumentation Setup 17
Transient Overloads 15
Transient Voltage Suppression 16
Troubleshooting 52
U
Unpacking 1
V
Vacuum Fluorescent Display 8
Voltage Gain 27
Voltage Input 10
Voltage Signal 27
Volt Scaling Setup Menu 23
Volts Scaling 23
O
Output Amps 41
Output Element 41
Output Frequency 41
Outputs 10
Analog Output 11
Output Total 40
Output Volts 41
Output Watts 41
W
Wiring Modes 17–26
P
Peak 34
Peak Hold 26,35
Phase Main Menu 14
Phase Setup 24
Primary Address 37
Programming 41
R
Rear Panel 10
Remote Voltage Sense 16
RMS 36,63
Round-Off Error 34
RS-232
Connection 38
RS-232C 11
RS-232 Interface 38
S
Scaling Activated 22
Secondary Functions 6
Self-Test 13
Sensor Substitution 19
Setup 17
Signal
Amps 28
Volts 27
Surge Protection 15
Symbols Used 9
65
Magtrol Limited Warranty
Magtrol, Inc. warrants its products to be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service
for a period of twenty-four (24) months from the date of shipment. Software is warranted to operate in accordance
with its programmed instructions on appropriate Magtrol instruments. This warranty extends only to the original
purchaser and shall not apply to fuses, computer media, or any other product which, in Magtrol’s sole opinion, has
been subject to misuse, alteration, abuse or abnormal conditions of operation or shipping.
Magtrol’s obligation under this warranty is limited to repair or replacement of a product which is returned to the
factory within the warranty period and is determined, upon examination by Magtrol, to be defective. If Magtrol
determines that the defect or malfunction has been caused by misuse, alteration, abuse or abnormal conditions of
operation or shipping, Magtrol will repair the product and bill the purchaser for the reasonable cost of repair. If the
product is not covered by this warranty, Magtrol will, if requested by purchaser, submit an estimate of the repair
costs before work is started.
To obtain repair service under this warranty, purchaser must forward the product (transportation prepaid) and a
description of the malfunction to the factory. The instrument shall be repaired at the factory and returned to purchaser,
transportation prepaid. MAGTROL ASSUMES NO RISK FOR IN-TRANSIT DAMAGE.
THE FOREGOING WARRANTY IS PURCHASER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AND IS IN LIEU
OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE.
MAGTROL SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES OR LOSS WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, OR OTHERWISE.
Claims
Immediately upon arrival, purchaser shall check the packing container against the enclosed packing list and shall,
within thirty (30) days of arrival, give Magtrol notice of shortages or any nonconformity with the terms of the order.
If purchaser fails to give notice, the delivery shall be deemed to conform with the terms of the order.
The purchaser assumes all risk of loss or damage to products upon delivery by Magtrol to the carrier. If a product is
damaged in transit, PURCHASER MUST FILE ALL CLAIMS FOR DAMAGE WITH THE CARRIER to obtain
compensation. Upon request by purchaser, Magtrol will submit an estimate of the cost to repair shipment damage.
66
Service Information
Returning Magtrol equipment for Repair and/or Calibration
Before returning equipment to Magtrol for repair and/or calibration, please visit Magtrol’s Web site at
http://www.magtrol.com/support/rma.htm to begin the Return Material Authorization (RMA) process. Depending on
where the equipment is located and which unit(s) will be returned, you will be directed to either ship your equipment
back to Magtrol, Inc. in the United States or Magtrol SA in Switzerland.
Returning Equipment to Magtrol, Inc. (United States)
When returning equipment to Magtrol, Inc.’s factory in the United States for repair and/or calibration, a completed
Return Material Authorization (RMA) form is required.
1.
Visit Magtrol’s Web site at http://www.magtrol.com/support/rma.htm to begin the RMA process.
2.
Complete the RMA form online and submit.
3.
An RMA number will be issued to you via e-mail. Include this number on all return documentation.
4.
Ship your equipment to:
Magtrol, Inc.
70 Gardenville Parkway
Buffalo, NY 14224
Attn: Repair Department
5.
After Magtrol’s Repair Department receives and analyzes your equipment, a quotation listing all the necessary
parts and labor costs, if any, will be faxed or e-mailed to you.
6.
After receiving your repair estimate, provide Magtrol with a P.O. number as soon as possible. A purchase
order confirming the cost quoted is required before your equipment can be returned.
Returning Equipment to Magtrol SA (Switzerland)
If you are directed to ship your equipment to Switzerland, no RMA form/number is required. Just send your equipment
directly to Magtrol SA in Switzerland and follow these shipment instructions:
1.
Ship your equipment to:
Magtrol SA
After Sales Service
Centre technologique Montena
1728 Rossens / Fribourg
Switzerland
VAT No: 485 572
2.
Please use our forwarder : TNT • 1-800-558-5555 • Account No 154033
Only ship ECONOMIC way (3 days max. within Europe)
3.
Include the following documents with your equipment:
• Delivery note with Magtrol SA’s address (as listed above)
• Three pro forma invoices with:
• Your VAT number
• Value - for customs purposes only
• Description of returned goods •Origin of the goods (in general, Switzerland)
• Noticed failures
4.
A cost estimate for repair will be sent to you as soon as the goods have been analyzed. If the repair charges
do not exceed 25% the price of a new unit, the repair or calibration will be completed without requiring prior
customer authorization.
67
Testing, Measurement and Control of Torque-Speed-Power • Load-Force-Weight • Tension • Displacement
Magtrol Inc
70 Gardenville Parkway
Buffalo, New York 14224 USA
Phone: +1 716 668 5555
Fax: +1 716 668 8705
E-mail: magtrol@magtrol.com
Magtrol SA
Centre technologique Montena
1728 Rossens / Fribourg, Switzerland
Phone: +41 (0)26 407 3000
Fax: +41 (0)26 407 3001
E-mail: magtrol@magtrol.ch
www.magtrol.com
Subsidiaries in:
• Germany
• France
• Great Britain
• China
Worldwide Network
of Sales Agents
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