CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
Preface
CradlePoint reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes in the content thereof without obligation to
notify any person or organization of any revisions or changes.
Manual Revisions
Revision
Date
Description
Author
1.0
July 28, 2011
Initial release for Firmware version 3.2.4
Jeremy Cramer
1.1
Aug. 22, 2011
Added features for Firmware version 3.3.0
Jeremy Cramer
1.2
Jan. 20, 2012
Added features for Firmware version 3.4.1 and updated for
ARC
Jeremy Cramer
1.3
May 1, 2012
Added features for Firmware version 3.5.0
Jeremy Cramer
1.4
May 15, 2012
Added features for Firmware version 3.6.0
Jeremy Cramer
Trademarks
CradlePoint and the CradlePoint logo are registered trademarks of CradlePoint, Inc. in the United States and other
countries. All other company or product names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
Copyright © 2012 by CradlePoint, Inc. All rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced, in whole or in part,
without prior expressed written consent by CradlePoint, Inc.
`
CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
Table of Contents
1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................ 3
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2
6
BASIC SETUP ...................................................................... 15
CONNECT TO A COMPUTER OR OTHER DEVICE .......................... 16
COMMON PROBLEMS .......................................................... 19
ADMINISTRATOR LOGIN ....................................................... 24
GETTING STARTED – FIRST TIME SETUP................................... 26
QUICK LINKS ...................................................................... 31
CONFIGURATION PAGES ....................................................... 32
IP PASSTHROUGH SETUP ...................................................... 34
7
5.1
5.2
5.3
CLIENT LIST........................................................................ 36
DASHBOARD ...................................................................... 38
GPS ................................................................................. 41
`
8
CONTENT FILTERING ............................................................ 62
DHCP SERVER ................................................................... 65
DNS ................................................................................ 66
FIREWALL .......................................................................... 69
MAC FILTER / LOGGING ...................................................... 75
ROUTING .......................................................................... 77
WIFI / LOCAL NETWORKS .................................................... 78
WIPIPE QOS ..................................................................... 97
INTERNET ...................................................................... 103
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
STATUS ........................................................................... 35
GRE TUNNELS ................................................................... 42
HOTSPOT CLIENTS ............................................................... 43
INTERNET CONNECTIONS ...................................................... 44
STATISTICS......................................................................... 55
SYSTEM LOGS..................................................................... 58
VPN TUNNELS ................................................................... 59
WIPIPE QOS ................................................................... 60
NETWORK SETTINGS ....................................................... 61
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
WEB INTERFACE -- ESSENTIALS ........................................ 23
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
5
PORTS, BUTTONS, AND SWITCHES .......................................... 12
LEDS................................................................................ 14
QUICK START .................................................................. 15
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
PACKAGE CONTENTS ............................................................. 3
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS......................................................... 3
MBR1400 OVERVIEW .......................................................... 3
CRADLEPOINT ARC MBR1400 SERIES..................................... 6
HARDWARE OVERVIEW .................................................. 11
2.1
2.2
3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
CONNECTION MANAGER .................................................... 104
DATA USAGE ................................................................... 120
GRE TUNNELS ................................................................. 125
VPN TUNNELS ................................................................. 130
WIFI AS WAN / BRIDGE .................................................... 141
WAN AFFINITY ................................................................ 146
SYSTEM SETTINGS ......................................................... 149
CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
8.1 ADMINISTRATION ............................................................. 150
8.2 DEVICE ALERTS................................................................. 160
8.3 HOTSPOT SERVICES ........................................................... 162
8.4 MANAGED SERVICES ASK YOUR CRADLEPOINT SALES
REPRESENTATIVE FOR DETAILS ............................................. 167
8.5 SERIAL REDIRECTOR........................................................... 170
8.6 SYSTEM CONTROL ............................................................. 172
8.7 SYSTEM SOFTWARE ........................................................... 173
9
GLOSSARY..................................................................... 174
10 APPENDIX ................................................................... 188
10.1
10.2
10.3
REGULATORY INFORMATION ............................................. 188
WARRANTY INFORMATION ............................................... 188
SPECIFICATIONS .............................................................. 189
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Package Contents







CradlePoint Mission-Critical Broadband Router (MBR1400)
AC power adapter (12V, 1.5A) WARNING: using a power adapter other than the one provided may damage the
MBR1400 and will void the warranty
Three 2.4 GHz High Performance 802.11n Antennas
Mounting Hardware
CAT5 Ethernet Cable
Setup Guide
ARC series with integrated 3G/4G Business Grade Modem***
o MBR1400LE – 4G LTE / 3G EVDO for Verizon
o MBR1400W – 4G WiMAX for Sprint
o MBR1400E-VZ – 3G EVDO for Verizon
o MBR1400E-SP – 3G EVDO for Sprint
1.2 System Requirements



At least one Internet source: a CradlePoint 3G/4G Business Grade Modem, an Ethernet-based modem, a
broadband data modem with active subscription (USB, ExpressCard), or WiFi as WAN.
Windows 2000/XP/7, Mac OS X, or Linux computer (with WiFi adapter—802.11n recommended—for WiFi
functionality).
Internet Explorer v6.0 or higher, Firefox v2.0 or higher, Safari v1.0 or higher.
1.3 MBR1400 Overview
ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE
 Targeted for retail locations, branch offices, or small and medium sized businesses
 Integrates seamlessly with CradlePoint‘s Business Grade modems
 Load balance multiple data sources (data modems, WiFi as WAN, and wired data services)
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0

Compatible with Cisco, Juniper, and other industry-leading network hardware providers
ENHANCED WIFI
 750+ feet of WiFi Range
 Wireless ―N‖ WiFi (802.11n, 802.11a + legacy 802.11b/g, 3x3 MIMO Antenna system)
 Enhanced performance around walls and other obstructions
 Dual-Band WiFi broadcast - either 2.4 GHz or 5.0 GHz
 Maximum security with both Public and Private networks
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
 Dual-band WiFi, 3x3 MIMO Antenna Subsystem, removable external antennas, up to four SSIDs
 Plug-and-Play support for over 120 broadband data modems, allowing for site-specific carrier/service selection
for broadest deployment
 Standardized platform and centralized remote management
 Up to 20 concurrent VPN endpoint sessions
 Compatible with Cisco, SonicWall, and other VPN termination systems
 Establish continuous uptime with optimum total cost of ownership for broad deployment
 Centralize the administration and monitoring of distributed routers using WiPipe Central.
 Simple to install, configure and maintain with minimal impact on IT
 Virtual LAN capabilities
 Data Usage section that allows users to track and manage modem use relative to data plans
 NAT-less routing
 VPN NAT traversal
 SNMP support
 USB to serial console pass-through support
 IP passthrough support
CradlePoint's Mission-Critical Broadband Router (MBR1400) takes the power and flexibility of our industry leading router,
and when combined with an active high-speed wireless broadband data connection, gets your business network online in
no time. CradlePoint‘s ARC Series includes an integrated 3G/4G business grade modem, a seamless, worry-free solution
to keep your business online.
© 2012 CRADLEPOINT, INC.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
Designed for small business, branch office, and retail locations - our business series router provides a secure primary or
backup connection to the Internet. In addition to connection options for traditional wired networking solutions like Cable,
DSL, Satellite, or T1, the most powerful feature of the MBR1400 is its ability to use CradlePoint Business Grade Modems
or USB or ExpressCard Data Modems to create instant networks anywhere you receive a broadband signal.
The MBR1400 features failover/failback, secure VPN, multiple encryption modes for maximum security, dual-band WiFi
broadcast, private and public networks, WiFi as WAN, Modem Health Management, and remote management options
with WiPipe Central for deployed units. CradlePoint provides enterprise-grade performance, security, and the modem
reliability businesses need to ensure continuous uptime. Create an instant network today with LTE, WiMAX, or any other
wireless broadband technology.
1.3.1 Captive Portal
The Captive Portal solution provided by CradlePoint routers enables businesses to provide their customers with a public
WiFi hotspot with access controls. The controls can be as simple as requiring acceptance of a Terms of Service
agreement, while advanced features allow administrators to control and monitor usage, require login, direct users to
specific web pages, provide revenue through services fees or paid advertising, and more.
1.3.2 WiPipe Central
CradlePoint‘s cloud-based router management service allows for remote monitoring, configuration, and firmware updates
of deployed routers like the MBR1400. WiPipe Central drastically simplifies router administration for businesses using
multiple routers. WiPipe Central can be purchased separately at http://cradlepoint.com/support/wipipe-central.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
1.4 CradlePoint ARC MBR1400 Series
Includes a CradlePoint 3G/4G Business Grade Modem with the
MBR1400 and creates an effortless instant network from highspeed wireless broadband.
The CradlePoint Integrated Business Grade Modems are
specifically designed to provide the highest level of
performance, reliability, and security for 24x7 business-critical
applications. Modems can be located and oriented to receive
the highest signal strength. They also intelligently manage the
co-existence between the mobile broadband signal and the
WiFi broadcast of the router.
Choose from the following ARC MBR1400 Products:




MBR1400LE -- 4G LTE/EVDO for Verizon
MBR1400E-VZ -- 3G EVDO for Verizon
MBR1400E-SP -- 3G EVDO for Sprint
MBR1400W -- 4G WiMAX for Sprint
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
MBR1400LE-VZ
4G LTE/EVDO for Verizon
Technology: LTE 3GPP Rel. 8 , EVDO RevA, A/O; CDMA 1x
Downlink Rates: LTE 100 Mbps, EVDO 3.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: LTE 50 Mbps, EVDO 1.8 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Band: LTE Band 13 (700MHz)
Cellular/PCS (800MHz/1,900 MHz)
Power: LTE 23 +/- 1 dBm, EVDO 24 +/- 1dBm (typical conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless MC7750
Antennas: Two SMA male (plug), 1 dBi (LTE), 2 dBi
(Cellular/PCS) gain
Industry Standards & Certs: Modem Model MC200LE: Verizon;
FCC Part 15, 22, 24 & 27; TIA/EIA/IS-2000, IS-95-B, 3GPP Rel 8
Modem Certification Model Number: MC200LE
Modem Certification Part Number: MC200LE-VZ
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
MBR1400E-VZ
3G EVDO for Verizon
Technology: EVDO RevA, A/O; CDMA 1x
Downlink Rates: 3.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: 1.8 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Band: Cellular/PCS (800MHz/1,900 MHz)
Power: 24 +/- 0.5dBm (typical conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless 5728v
Antennas: Two SMA male (plug), 2 dBi gain
Industry Standards & Certs: Modem Model MC100E: Verizon
IOT; FCC Part 15, 22 & 24, CDG Stages 1,2; IS-2000IA-98D/E,
IS-134, IS-637B, IS-683A, IS-707A, IS-856, IS-866; JESD22A114-B, JESD22-C101
Modem Certification Model Number: MC100E
Modem Certification Part Number: MC100E-VZ
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
MBR1400E-SP
3G EVDO for Sprint
Technology: EVDO RevA, A/O; CDMA 1x
Downlink Rates: 3.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: 1.8 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Band: Cellular/PCS (800MHz/1,900 MHz)
Power: 24 +/- 0.5dBm (typical conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless 5728v
Antennas: Two SMA male (plug), 2 dBi gain
Industry Standards & Certs: Modem Model MC100E: Sprint;
FCC Part 15, 22 & 24, CDG Stages 1,2; IS-2000IA-98D/E, IS134, IS-637B, IS-683A, IS-707A, IS-856, IS-866; JESD22-A114B, JESD22-C101
Modem Certification Model Number: MC100E
Modem Certification Part Number: MC100E-SP
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
MBR1400W-SP
4G WiMAX for Sprint
Technology: WiMAX 802.16e Wave 2
Downlink Rates: 10Mbps peak, 6Mbps average
Uplink Rates: 5 Mbps peak, 1.2 Mbps average
Frequency Band: 2,500 MHz band
Power: 23.5 +/- 0.5 dBm (RSU/CPE)
Module: Beceem 250 chipset
Antennas: Two SMA male (plug), 5 dBi gain
Industry Standards & Certs: Modem Model MC100W: Sprint;
FCC Part 15 subpart C
Modem Certification Model Number: MC100W
Modem Certification Part Number: MC100W
For optimum performance, antennas on the MBR1400W-SP should
be pointed in opposite directions as shown to the right. This will help
prevent overlap with the 2.4 GHz WiFi band.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
2 HARDWARE OVERVIEW
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
2.1 Ports, Buttons, and Switches
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
LAN and WAN Ports: By default, the four orange ports are configured as LAN (Local Area Network) ports and the blue
port is configured as a WAN (Wide Area Network—your Internet source) port. Any LAN port, however, can be
reconfigured as a WAN port and vice versa.
Modem Ports: The MBR1400 has three USB 2.0 ports and two ExpressCard ports.
WiFi Antenna Connectors: Your router comes with three 2.4 GHz WiFi antennas (Reverse SMA). 5 GHz antennas are
available as an accessory. The antennas are simple to attach and adjust for maximum WiFi broadcast.
Factory Default Reset: You can return your router to factory default settings by pressing and holding the Reset button.
This button is recessed, so it requires a pointed object such as a paper clip to press. Press and hold for 10 seconds to
initiate reset.
WPS Button: WiFi Protected Setup. When you press the WPS button for five seconds, it allows you to use WPS for WiFi
security. The LED will illuminate blue to indicate WPS status. Devices must support WPS in order to be configured by this
method.
Power On/Off:
 1 = On
 0 = Off
WiFi Broadcast On/Off: You have the option to turn off the WiFi radio.
 1 = On
 0 = Off
3G/4G Modem Signal Strength Button: When pressed the bar LEDs indicate signal strength from the CradlePoint
Business Grade Modem or USB or ExpressCard modem. The signal strength is shown for 10 seconds if the modem does
not support concurrent data connection and signal strength measurement. Tapping this button will toggle the Modem
Signal Strength display on and off.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
2.2 LEDs
LAN and WAN LEDs: The default settings are shown. LAN ports can be reconfigured to function as WAN ports and vice
versa; the LEDs will function accordingly.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
3 QUICK START
3.1 Basic Setup



Your router requires an Internet source. Attach a
CradlePoint Business Grade Modem, insert supported USB
or ExpressCard modem/s, connect a Cable or DSL modem
to the Blue Ethernet WAN port, or connect to an available
WiFi source. For Failover/Failback functionality, you will
need at least two of these sources (for example: one
Ethernet source and one USB modem).1
Attach the three included WiFi antennas to the connectors
for maximum WiFi broadcast. To attach, hold the antenna
straight and twist the base of the antenna to connect,
folding the joint if needed. Please note that 2.4 GHz antennas are provided. 5 GHz antennas are available as an
accessory.
Connect the 12v DC power adapter to the router and a power source. Flip the power switch to the ON position; this
should illuminate the green Power Status LED.
1
Data Modem Not Included. This Product Requires an Activated Data Modem or Phone with Data Plan for Full Functionality. See your Cellular/3G/4G Service Provider for Details
on Coverage and Data Plan Options
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
3.2 Connect to a Computer or other Device
3.2.1
Wireless Network Connection
1) Find the network. On a WiFi-enabled computer or
device, open the window or dropdown menu that allows
you to access wireless networks. The MBR1400
network will appear on the list: select this network.
2) Log in. You will need to input the Default Password
when prompted. The Default Password is provided on
the product label found on the bottom of your router
(this password is the last eight digits of the router‘s MAC
address, which can be found on the product box or on
the product label).
NOTE: If more than one MBR1400 wireless router is visible, you
can find the correct unit by checking for its SSID (service set
identifier; the unique name of the local network). The SSID can be found on the bottom of the router in the form MBR1400-xxx, where ―xxx‖ is the
last 3 digits of the router‘s MAC address.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
3.2.2
Accessing the Administration Pages
For most users, the MBR1400 Router
can be used immediately without any
special configuration changes. If you
would like to change your network
name or password or configure any of
the advanced features of the
MBR1400, you will need to log in to
the administration pages:



Access your router‘s
Administrator Login screen
by opening a web browser
window and typing ―cp/‖ (your
router‘s default hostname) or
the IP address ―192.168.0.1‖
into the address bar.
Enter your Default Password.
This password can be found on
the bottom of the MBR1400.
Then click the LOGIN button.
When you log in for the first time, you will be automatically directed to the First Time Setup Wizard. Follow the
instructions given with the Wizard or see Getting Started – First Time Setup for more information about using the
First Time Setup Wizard.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
3.2.3
Connect to the Internet
If you used the First Time Setup Wizard, you might have
changed the ―WiFi Network Name‖ or the ―Security Mode‖
password. If so, you will need to reconnect to the MBR1400
network.


Find the network. Look for your new personalized
network name (or the default SSID of the form
―MBR1400-xxx‖).
Log in using your new personalized WiFi security
password (or the Default Password found the bottom of
the router).
Your network should now be up and running, and users who
have the security password can access the network on WiFi-enabled devices.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
3.3 Common Problems
This section contains a list of some of the most common issues faced by users of the MBR1400.
Please visit CradlePoint Knowledgebase at http://knowledgebase.cradlepoint.com/ for more help and answers to your
other questions.
3.3.1
You Cannot Connect to the Internet with a CradlePoint Business Grade Modem
Make sure that you have an active data plan and that your modem has been activated. A wireless broadband data plan
must be added to your Business Grade Modem. Wireless broadband data plans are available from wireless carriers such
as Sprint and Verizon. A new line of service can be added or a data plan can be transferred from an existing account. You
will need the ESN number (or SIM/IMEI number depending on your carrier plan) from the product label on your modem to
add or transfer a line of service.
After adding a data plan to the modem, you may need to activate the modem:
1. Log in to the MBR1400 administration pages (see Accessing the Administration Pages).
2. Select Internet from the top navigation bar and Modem Settings from the dropdown menu (Internet → Modem
Settings).
3. Find and select the CradlePoint modem.
4. Click Update/Activate.
5. Click Activate in the popup.
Finally, if you have an active data plan and you have already activated your modem, you may be out of range of your
service provider. Check your signal strength in the Internet section of the Dashboard (Status → Dashboard). If you have
a weak signal in your location, contact your service provider.
If you are still not online after activating the modem, call CradlePoint Technical Support for further assistance.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
3.3.2
Your USB or ExpressCard Modem Does Not Work With the Router

If your USB data or ExpressCard is not working with the router, check the list of supported devices at
http://www.cradlepoint.com/modems to ensure you are using a supported device and carrier. The device you are
using must be supported on the carrier network providing your cellular service or it‘s considered an unsupported
device, even if it is supported on another carrier‘s network.

Sometimes a USB data modem needs to be updated or have other configurations set correctly in order to make a
connection through the router. If your USB Modem has not been updated recently, it is recommended that you do
so if it is having trouble connecting to the MBR1400. Insert your USB data modem into your PC and access the
Internet using the software provided by your cellular carrier. Follow the directions provided to complete the update.
Once you have updated your USB data modem, reconnect the cellular device to your CradlePoint router and
connect to the Internet.

If you are using a 4G WiMAX modem you need to set the WiMAX Realm. This can be done on the administration
pages. Log in using the hostname ―cp/‖ or IP address ―http://192.168.0.1‖ in your browser. On page 3 of the First
Time Setup Wizard (go to Getting Started → First Time Setup), you can set the WiMAX Realm. Be sure to click
Apply on page 4 to save the change.

Some wireless carriers provide more than one Access Point Name (APN) that a modem can connect to. If you wish
to specify the APN, this can be done on the administration pages. Log in using the hostname ―cp/‖ or IP address
―http://192.168.0.1‖ in your browser. Go to Internet → Modem Settings. In the Modem Configuration section,
select your modem and click ―Configure.‖ There is an Access Point Name field: Enter the APN and click Apply.
Some APN examples are isp.cingular, ecp.tmobile.com, and vpn.com. The modem must be removed and
reinserted (or the router must be rebooted) for this change to take effect.

If the above issues have been resolved and you can connect to the router but you cannot get Internet through it
using your modem, you may need to upgrade the router firmware. Use your computer (you may need to plug your
modem directly into your computer if you don‘t have another way to access the Internet) to download the latest
firmware for the router (go to http://www.cradlepoint.com/support/mbr1400 and scroll over firmware at the bottom
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
of the page). Then log in to the router administration pages and manually upload the firmware. Go to System
Settings → System Software and click on ―Manual Firmware Upload‖.

If you are still unable to access the Internet after following the above directions, contact CradlePoint Technical
Support for further assistance.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
3.3.3
You are Connected to the Router but Cannot Connect to the Internet
The status LEDs of your router will give you an indication whether or not a proper connection is being made. See the LED
STATUS definitions below:
If the data modem LEDs are not illuminated, your modem is not connected and online. You may need to update firmware.
Refer to the previous section, ―Your USB or ExpressCard Modem Does Not Work With The Router.‖
If you are still not online after updating, call CradlePoint Technical Support for further assistance.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
4 WEB INTERFACE -- ESSENTIALS
The MBR1400 has a Web interface for configuration and administration of all features. The interface is organized with 5
tabs at the top of the screen:





Getting Started
Status
Network Settings
Internet
System Settings
Web Interface – Essentials contains the following sections to help you more quickly and easy navigate these
administration pages:
4.1 Administrator Login
4.2 Getting Started – First Time Setup
4.3 Quick Links
4.4 Configuration Pages
4.5 IP Passthrough Setup
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4.1 Administrator Login
To access the administration pages, open a Web browser and type the hostname ―cp/‖ or IP address ―http://192.168.0.1‖
into the address bar. The Administrator Login page will appear.
Log in using your administrator password. Initially, this password can be found on the bottom of the MBR1400 unit as the
Default Password. This password is also the last eight digits of the unit‘s MAC address.
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You may have changed the administrator password during initial setup using the First Time Setup Wizard. Log in using
your personalized administrator password.
If you have forgotten your personalized password, you can reset the MBR1400 to factory defaults. When you reset the
router, the administrator password will revert back to the Default Password. Press and hold the reset button on the
router unit until the lights flash (Approximately 10-15 seconds). You can then log in using the Default Password.
4.1.1 Router Details
The Administrator Login page includes a quick-reference section that shows the following information:
Router Details


Model Number: MBR1400
Internet Connection: Connected/Disconnected
Wireless Details




Status: Enabled/Disabled
Clients: The number of attached users.
Channel: The channel number.
Name: The name of the primary network. If you have more than one wireless network enabled, the additional
network names will also be listed here.
Modem Details (If you have a USB/ExpressCard data modem attached as the primary WAN device.)



Manufacturer: The name of the modem manufacturer (CradlePoint, Novatel, etc.).
Model: The name of the modem model.
Signal: The strength of the signal (dBm).
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4.2 Getting Started – First Time Setup
The First Time Setup Wizard will help you customize the name of your wireless network, change passwords to
something you choose, and establish an optimal WiFi security mode. The MBR1400 comes out of the box with a unique
password at WPA1/WPA2 WiFi security level.
NOTE: Instructions for the First Time Setup Wizard are also located in the Setup Guide included with the MBR1400.
1) Open a browser window and type ―cp/‖ or
―192.168.0.1‖ into the address bar. Press
enter/return.
2) When prompted for your password, type the eight
character Default Password found on the product
label on the bottom of the MBR1400 (this is also the
last 8 digits of the router‘s MAC address).
3) When you log in for the first time, you will be
automatically directed to the FIRST TIME SETUP
WIZARD. (Otherwise, go to Getting Started → First
Time Setup).
4) CradlePoint recommends that you change the
router‘s ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD, which is
used to log in to the administration pages. The
administrator password is separate from the WiFi
security password, although initially the Default Password is used for both.
5) You can select your TIME ZONE from a dropdown list. (This may be necessary to properly show time in your router
log, but typically your router will automatically determine your time zone through your browser.) Click NEXT.
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6) CradlePoint recommends that you customize your
WiFi Network Name. Type in your personalized
Network name here. You can also enable the Guest
Network feature (for more configuration options, see
Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks and
the Wireless (WiFi) Network Settings section of this
manual).
Choose the WIFI SECURITY MODE that best fits
your needs:




BEST (WPA2): Select this option if your
wireless adapters support WPA2-only mode.
This will connect to most new devices and is
the most secure, but may not connect to older
devices or some handheld devices such as a
PSP.
GOOD (WPA1 & WPA2): Select this option if
your wireless adapters support WPA or
WPA2. This is the most compatible with
modern devices and PCs.
POOR (WEP): Select this option if your
wireless adapters only support WEP. This should only be used if a legacy device that only supports WEP will be
connected to the router. WEP is insecure and obsolete and is only supported in the router for legacy reasons.
The router cannot use 802.11n modes if WEP is enabled; WiFi performance and range will be limited.
NONE (OPEN): Select this option if you do not want to activate any security features.
CradlePoint recommends BEST (WPA2) WiFi security. Try this option first and switch only if you have a device that
is incompatible with WPA2.
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Choose a personalized WPA PASSWORD or WEP KEY. This password will be used to connect devices to the
router‘s WiFi broadcast once the security settings have been saved.


WPA Password: The WPA Password must be between 8 and 64 characters long. A combination of upper and
lower case letters along with numbers and special characters is recommended to prevent hackers from gaining
access to your network.
WEP Key: A WEP Key must be either a hexadecimal value of 5 or 13 characters or a text value of 10 or 26
characters.
Click NEXT.
7) If you are using a 4G WiMAX modem, you will want
to establish the Realm for your carrier. This setting
ensures that the modem, when attached to the
router, will properly connect to your carrier‘s wireless
broadband service. The MBR1400 will default to the
Sprint Realm. Select your carrier from the dropdown
menu (options shown below).







Clear - clearwire-wmx.net
Rover - rover-wmx.net
Sprint 3G/4G - sprintpcs.com
Xohm - xohm.com
BridgeMAXX - bridgeMAXX.com
Time Warner Cable - mobile.rr.com
Comcast - mob.comcast.net
NOTE: If you use a 3G or LTE modem you can safely skip this step.
Click NEXT.
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8) Configuring Failure Check:
It is possible for a WAN interface to go down without
the router recognizing the failure. (For example: the
carrier for a cellular modem goes dormant, or your
Ethernet connection is properly attached to a modem
but the modem becomes disconnected from its Internet
source.) Enable Failure Check to ensure that you can
get out to the Internet via your primary WAN
connection. This option is disabled by default because
it may use data unnecessarily. Use this in combination
with failover, or for cellular modems, use this in
combination with Aggressive Reset (Internet → Connection Manager under Modem Settings in the interface/rule
editor).
Idle Check Interval: Set the number of seconds the router will wait between checks to see if the WAN is still available.
(Default: 30 seconds. Range: 10-3600 seconds.)
Monitor while connected: Select from the dropdown menu. (Default: Off)


Active Ping: A ping request will be sent to the Ping Target. If no data is received, the ping request will be
retried 4 times at 5-second intervals. If still no data is received, the device will be disconnected and failover will
occur. When ―Active Ping‖ is selected, the next line gives an estimate of data usage in this form: ―Active Ping
could use as much as 9.3 MB of data per month.‖ This amount depends on the Idle Check Interval.
Off: Once the link is established the router takes no action to verify that it is still up.
Ping IP Address: If you selected ―Active Ping‖, you will need to input an IP address that will respond to a ping request.
This IP address must be an address that can be reached through your WAN connection (modem/Ethernet). Some
ISPs/Carriers block certain addresses, so choose an address that all of your WAN connections can use. For best
results, select an established public IP address. For example, you might ping Google Public DNS at 8.8.8.8 or Level 3
Communications at 4.2.2.2.
Click NEXT.
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9) Review the details and record your wireless network
name, administrative password, and WPA password (or
WEP key). Move your mouse over the passwords to
selectively reveal each password.
Please record these settings for future access. You may
need this information to configure other wireless
devices.
NOTE: If you are currently using the MBR1400 WiFi network,
reconnect your devices to the network using the new wireless
network name and security password.
Click APPLY to save the settings and update them to
your router.
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4.3 Quick Links
The CradlePoint logo in the upper left-hand corner of all the administration pages is a link to
the Dashboard (Status → Dashboard), which displays fundamental information about the
router.
The black bar across the top provides quick access to important information and controls.
Internet Connection This links to the Internet
Connections page (Status → Internet Connections)
where you can view in-depth information about your
Internet sources.
WiFi Clients Click to view a signal strength indicator for
your network, ―WiFi Connection Strength‖.
Click on the image of four signal bars to open a
―Modem Connection Quality‖ popup window that
shows the strength of your Internet signal.
Logout Click to log out of the administration pages.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.4.0
4.4 Configuration Pages
The following table shows the navigation layout of the administration pages. Click on the tabs along the top bar to reveal
the following dropdown menus.
Getting Started
Status
Network Settings
Internet
System Settings
First Time Setup
Client List
Content Filtering
Connection Manager
Administration
IP Passthrough Setup
Dashboard
DHCP Server
Data Usage
Device Alerts
WiFi Protected Setup
GPS
DNS
GRE Tunnels
Hotspot Services
GRE Tunnels
Firewall
VPN Tunnels
Managed Services
Hotspot Clients
MAC Filter / Logging
WiFi as WAN / Bridge
Serial Redirector
Internet Connections
Routing
WAN Affinity
System Control
Statistics
WiFi / Local Networks
System Logs
WiPipe QoS
System Software
VPN Tunnels
WiPipe QoS
Status – Displays various types of information about your router such as a list of clients that are attached to your
networks (Client List), the details of each Internet source your router is using (Internet Connections), and a map of
your router‘s location (GPS). Very few changes can be made from this tab because the primary purpose is to display
information.
Network Settings – Provides configuration options for the networks, or LAN, created by your router. For example, you
can enable a guest WiFi network (WiFi / Local Networks), set up rules to filter websites (Content Filtering), or create
a traffic-shaping rule to set bandwidth priorities (WiPipe QoS).
Internet – Provides configuration options for the Internet sources, or WAN, used by the router. For example, you can set
up a rule to track how much data you are using per month on a modem (Data Usage), set WiFi to be an Internet
source (WiFi as WAN / Bridge), or set the failback order for your Internet sources (Connection Manager).
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System Settings – Provides broad administrative controls. For example, you can set up a Terms of Use page for your
guest network (Hotspot Services), enable remote management of the router (Administration), or upgrade firmware
(System Software).
4.4.1 Network Settings vs. Internet
When using the Web interface, it will be important to pay attention to the difference between the Internet source for your
MBR1400 and the network created by the MBR1400. The “Internet” tab broadly refers to the router‘s source of Internet,
while the “Network Settings” tab broadly refers to the network created by the router.
The following chart highlights this difference:
Internet tab
Network Settings tab
Internet ―input‖
Internet ―output‖
Source for MBR1400
Network created by MBR1400
WAN (Wide Area Network)
LAN (Local Area Network)
Examples:


If you want to change the content filtering settings for the network created by the MBR1400, go to the Network
Settings tab.
If you have multiple Internet sources (such as a CradlePoint Business Grade Modem and an Ethernet connection)
for which you would like to set priority levels, go to the Internet tab.
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4.5 IP Passthrough Setup
You can quickly enable IP Passthrough with the IP Passthrough Setup Wizard available under Getting Started → IP
Passthrough Setup. IP Passthrough takes a 3G/4G WAN data source (USB, ExpressCard, or CradlePoint business
grade modem) and passes the IP address through to Ethernet LAN.
Using this function requires many changes to your router configuration. The IP Passthrough Setup Wizard will
automatically make these changes for you: simply read through the wizard and select Enable IP Passthrough on the
second page. For further configuration options, see Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
Review the list of changes to ensure they are compatible with your router needs:





All Ethernet ports will be set to LAN (i.e. you cannot use Ethernet as an Internet source for your router).
All wireless interfaces will be removed from the primary network group. (It is possible to have a wireless interface
associated with another network.)
All router-based VPN and GRE services will be disabled.
The Routing Mode will be set to IP Passthrough.
The Subnet Selection Mode will be set to "Automatically Create Subnet"
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
5 STATUS
The Status tab displays information about many different aspects of the router. It provides access to 10 submenu options:










Client List
Dashboard
GPS
GRE Tunnels
Hotspot Clients
Internet Connections
Statistics
System Logs
VPN Tunnels
WiPipe QoS
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5.1 Client List
The Client List displays the specifications of each
device connected to your router, including
Wireless and Wired clients.
Wireless Clients. For each device using a wireless
connection to your MBR1400, the following
information is displayed: Hostname, IP, MAC,
Connection, and Time Online.
Wired Clients. For each device using a wired
connection to your MBR1400, the following
information is displayed: Hostname, IP, and MAC.
Hostname: The name by which each computer or device in a network is known.
IP: The ―IP address,‖ or ―Internet Protocol address,‖ specifies a location for each device.
MAC: This is the "MAC address", a factory-assigned identifier used to identify a specific attached computer or device.
Connection: Summary of the wireless connection. For example: 802.11n, 20 MHz, 130 Mbps, -26 dBm
 802.11n: The transmission standard being used by the client. Possible values include 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g,
and 802.11n. 802.11n is the newest and best standard, but some older devices may not support it.
 20 MHz: This is the channel width that defines the theoretical data rate (in megahertz) that the attached computer
or device can send to or receive from the router. The channel width is set in Network Settings → WiFi / Local
Networks. Typically this will be 20 MHz, but 40 MHz is possible if the router is set to use two adjacent 20 MHz
channels. A wider channel can mean better performance, but not if there is too much interference. Even if 40 MHz
is set in the WiFi Channel Width, the router may still fall back to 20 MHz if interference is found.
 130 Mbps: The transmit rate (in megabits per second) currently used to transmit packets from the router to the
client. This rate changes automatically to match environmental conditions. Distance from the router, interference,
etc can impact this value. Higher values indicate better performance. Devices can still function in the network with
as little as 1 Mbps.
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
-26 dBm: A relative measure of wireless signal quality (decibels relative to one milliwatt). This expresses
theoretical best quality. The value is given as a negative exponent: -20 is a very good value while -80 is relatively
poor. Signal quality can be reduced by distance, by interference from other radio-frequency sources (such as
cordless telephones or neighboring wireless networks), and by obstacles between the router and the wireless
device.
Time Online: Simply the amount of time the device has been connected to the router.
Kick: Click on this button to disconnect a client.
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5.2 Dashboard
The Dashboard shows fundamental information
about your router, divided into the following basic
categories:




Router Information
Internet
Local Networks
WiFi Networks
For more in-depth information and/or configuration
options, click on the Detailed Info link beside the
category title. For each category, this links to:




Router Information
o System Settings → Administration
Internet
o Internet → Connection Manager
Local Networks
o Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks
WiFi Networks
o Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks
After the initial setup of the router, every time you log in you will automatically be directed to
this Dashboard. Also, you can click on the CradlePoint logo in the upper left-hand corner to
return to the Dashboard from any page.
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Router Information: “Detailed Info‖ links to System Settings → Administration.






Product: MBR1400
Firmware: Gives the number of the current firmware version.
Build Date: Year-month-day-hours-minutes-seconds for the most recent firmware upgrade.
CPU Usage: Expressed as a percentage.
Up Time: Total time for current session.
Clock: Current local date and time.
To check for Firmware upgrades, see System Settings → System Software.
Internet: “Detailed Info‖ links to Internet → Connection Manager.







State: Connected/Disconnected
Signal Strength: Expressed as a percentage. (Signal Strength is not included if Ethernet is the WAN type.)
WAN Type: Ethernet, Modem, or WiFi as WAN.
Connected Time: The time the current Internet source (WAN) has been connected.
IP Address
Gateway
DNS Servers
For general configuration options, see Internet → Connection Manager. For more in-depth Internet source
configuration options see the appropriate settings page for your WAN type.
 Internet → Ethernet Settings
 Internet → Modem Settings
 Internet → WiFi as WAN Settings
The IP address and gateway describe your active WAN source.
For DNS server configuration options, see Network Settings → DNS.
Local Networks: “Detailed Info‖ links to Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.

Clients: The number of current clients.
For each network, the following information is displayed:
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 Network Name: IP Address/Netmask
o Route Mode: NAT (Network Address Translation), Standard (NAT-less), Hotspot, or Disabled.
o Access: Admin Access, LAN Isolation, UPnP (Universal Plug and Play), and/or DHCP.
To configure a network, see Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
WiFi Networks: “Detailed Info‖ links to Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.

WiFi Radio: Channel: 1-11 for 2.4 GHz; 36, 40, 44, 48, 149, 153, 157, 161, or 165 for 5 GHz. Transmit Power
(Expressed as a percentage).
For each WiFi network, the following information is displayed:
 SSID: Service Set Identifier, an identifier for a wireless network.
o Security: WPA2/WPA1/WEP Personal/Enterprise or Open; Isolated Clients
o Network: The name of the local network.
To configure WiFi network settings see Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
5.2.1
Router Alerts
On the right side of the Dashboard page is a brief set of ―Router Alerts‖ that state basic
information such as whether the router is running properly. This will inform you about the
availability of new firmware, for example.
Router Alerts includes links to the System Software page (for new firmware) and the
Connection Manager.
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5.3 GPS
If GPS support is enabled and a modem capable of
providing GPS coordinates is connected, this page
will show a graphical view of your router's location.
See the GPS section in System Settings →
Administration to enable GPS support.
GPS information is only displayed if 1) the modem
supports GPS, 2) your carrier allows the GPS
functionality, and 3) the modem has sufficient GPS
signal strength. If no information is displayed, check
that both the modem and your carrier support
GPS.1 If GPS is supported make sure the modem
is in an area where it can receive a signal from the
GPS satellites.
1
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400| USER MANUAL Firmware ver. 3.6.0
5.4 GRE Tunnels
View the status of configured GRE Tunnels. To set up or edit a GRE tunnel, go to Internet → GRE Tunnels.
Included information:
 Name
 Status
 Transmit (packets/bytes)
 Receive (packets/bytes)
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5.5 Hotspot Clients
View the status of the clients that have logged in through the Hotspot/Captive Portal. View:
 Hostname
 IP address
 MAC address
 Data Usage (both IN and OUT)
 Time Online

You may revoke a client's access to the Internet by clicking the 'Revoke' button.
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5.6 Internet Connections
The Internet Connections submenu option provides a list of attached WAN devices used as the Internet source for the
MBR1400. Select one of these devices to see detailed information about that particular device.
For each type of device, different information will be included in the Device Information section. Possible devices
include:






Ethernet
WiFi
GSM Modem
EVDO Modem
WiMAX Modem
LTE Modem
Depending on the device, possible information will be in the following sections: Diagnostics, General Information, IP
Information, and Statistics. For modems, the Diagnostics section provides specific information about how the modem is
communicating with its carrier.
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5.6.1
Ethernet
General Information




Unique Identifier wan
Model
Type ethernet
Port
IP Information



DNS Servers
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics



Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
Connection Uptime (secs)
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5.6.2
WiFi as WAN
Diagnostics

Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
General Information



Product Wireless As WAN
Unique Identifier
Type wwan
IP Information



Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
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5.6.3
GSM Modem (Nokia Datacard)
Diagnostics








Signal Error Rate
Modem Firmware Version
Battery Status
Battery Level
Carrier Status
Signal Strength(dBm)
PIN Status
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
General Information








Product Nokia Datacard
Protocol PPP
Unique Identifier
ESN/IMEI
Model Nokia Internet Stick CS-18
Type modem
Port
Manufacturer Nokia
IP Information



Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics

Outgoing Bits/Second
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


Incoming Bits/Second
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
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5.6.4
EVDO Modem: (MC760 Comcast)
Diagnostics







Modem Firmware Version
PRL Version
Service Display EVDO
Carrier Status
Signal Strength(dBm)
Connection Type CDMA
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
General Information








Product MC769 COMCAST
Protocol PPP
Unique Identifier
ESN/IMEI
Model MC760 COMCAST
Type modem
Port
Manufacturer Novatel Wireless Inc.
IP Information



Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics



Outgoing Bits/Second
Incoming Bits/Second
Incoming Bytes
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
Outgoing Bytes
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5.6.5
WiMAX Modem (U300 – 4G)
Diagnostics
For a WiMAX modem, the CINR and
Signal Strength values are important as
they show how strong the signal is and
that has significant effects on how much
data the router can download or send. You
can place the router in different locations
to see where you get better signal. You
can also see a LED display of the current
signal strength. Pressing the router's
Signal Strength button will toggle the LED
display on and off.







Base Station ID (BSID)
Signal Strength(dBm)
Center Frequency
Calibration Status—Don‘t worry if
this says the modem is not
calibrated.
Modem Firmware Version
CINR
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
General Information




Product U300 – 4G
Protocol Ethernet Static
Unique Identifier
MAC
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


Type WiMAX
Port
Manufacturer Franklin Wireless Corporation
Statistics




Outgoing Bits/Second
Incoming Bits/Second
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
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5.6.6
LTE Modem (PANTECH UML290)
Diagnostics


















Home Address
MN-HA SPI
Modem Firmware Version
Battery Status
MN-HA SS
Network Address Identifier (NAI)
Signal Strength(dBm)
Rev Tun
Battery Level
Secondary Home Agent
Service Display LTE
Primary Home Agent
Carrier Status
Profile
MN-AAA SPI
PIN Status
MN-AAA SS
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
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General Information








Product PANTECH UML290
Protocol IP DHCP
Unique Identifier
ESN/IMEI
Model UML290VW
Type modem
Port
Manufacturer Pantech, Incorporated
IP Information



Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics




Outgoing Bits/Second
Incoming Bits/Second
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
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5.7 Statistics
The Statistics submenu option displays basic traffic statistics.
Wireless Statistics: View the signal strength and other wireless modem information. The wireless device‘s signal
strength will only be displayed as long as it supports ―Live Diagnostics.‖ Sample rate and size can be adjusted from the
dropdown boxes.
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Data Usage: A measure of amount of information that is currently being sent or received through the network. Sample
rate and size can be adjusted from the dropdown boxes.
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Failover/Failback/Load Balance: An easy way to view current connective states of the devices plugged into the router
as compared to the past. Sample rate and size can be adjusted from the dropdown boxes.
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5.8 System Logs
The router automatically logs (records) events of possible interest in its internal memory. If there is not enough internal
memory for all events, logs of older events are deleted, but logs of the latest events are retained. The log options allow
you to filter the router logs so you can easily find relevant messages. This router also has external Syslog Server support
so you can send the log files to a computer on your network that is running a Syslog utility.
Auto Update: The logs automatically refresh whenever
the router creates a new message.
Update: Click to check for new router messages.
Clear log: Clear the log file.
Save log to a file: This will open a dialog in your
browser that will allow you to save the router's log to your
computer.
Search: Enter keywords to find specific events.
Level: Select/Deselect from the following levels to filter
messages by priority.
 Critical
 Error
 Warning
 Info
NOTE: The logs are erased whenever the router is rebooted or
loses power.
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5.9 VPN Tunnels
View the status of configured VPN tunnels. To set up or edit a VPN tunnel, go to Internet → VPN Tunnels.
Included information:
 Name
 Connections
 Status
 Protocols
 Transferred
 Direction
 Time Online
 Control
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5.10 WiPipe QoS
View the breakdown of packets and bytes sent and received associated with each WiPipe QoS rule.
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6 NETWORK SETTINGS
The Network Settings tab provides access to 8 submenu options for administering the following functions/tasks. These
functions are all related to controlling the LAN (Local Area Networks), the networks you set up with the MBR1400.








Content Filtering
DHCP Server
DNS
Firewall
MAC Filter / Logging
Routing
WiFi / Local Networks
WiPipe QoS
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6.1 Content Filtering
You have two main options for filtering
content in a network created through
your MBR1400.
1) Domain / URL Filter Rules:
Create a list of websites that will
be either disallowed
(facebook.com, for example) or
allowed exclusively (your
company‘s website, for example).
2) OpenDNS Content Filtering:
Allows several options for filtering
rules.
To create Domain / URL Filter Rules, simply input one or more website domain names or URLs. By default, these
websites will be disallowed as part of a Blacklist. You can change this to a Whitelist to exclusively allow these sites.
Enable Whitelist: By default, Domain / URL filters allow you to block access from your network to any external domain or
website. Enabling this as a Whitelist instead will allow access to only those sites in the list, blocking all other websites.
Some sites use multiple domains, so each of them would need to be added to the list to get full site functionality. The
default behavior enables the Whitelist for URLs only. Select Filter by IP Addresses to use IP addresses with the Whitelist.
Filter by IP Addresses: Enabling this will cause the router to block/allow URLs by the IP addresses they point to. This
option will also force all DNS traffic through the router to ensure the correct IP address is returned during a DNS lookup.
Using IP address filtering with URLs is not recommended. Some URLs do not return all valid IP addresses with DNS,
so these may be missed. Another possible problem is that example.com and www.example.com refer to the same website
but may return different IP addresses.
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6.1.1 OpenDNS
OpenDNS is a service that protects you
online by filtering websites. OpenDNS
protects you from phishing websites and
URL typos once you select a filtering level.






None: Disables Web filtering that
uses OpenDNS,
Minimal: Filters phishing and URL
typos.
Good: Filters any Web site containing
pornography and enables typo and
phishing redirection.
Better: Filters more nudity, sexuality,
and tasteless content.
Best: Filters more nudity, sexuality,
and tasteless content. Selecting ―Best‖ will filter all content that is deemed adult content by OpenDNS.
Custom: Custom OpenDNS settings. See below for more information.
In addition to the standard filtering levels,
you have the following options for filter
control:
Custom OpenDNS: To use the Custom
OpenDNS setting you need to first create an
OpenDNS account. You can create an
account at OpenDNS and click on the
―Create Account‖ link. Follow the onscreen
instructions to create an account.
Once you have an OpenDNS account, enter your account information in order to use your Custom OpenDNS settings.
Custom OpenDNS settings use the DNS-O-MATIC (an OpenDNS Service) API to update the IP address of your
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OpenDNS network. In order for Custom settings to work you need to login to DNS-O-MATIC using your OpenDNS
credentials and "Add A Service" for the network specified above.
Enable OpenDNS ISP Filter Bypass Algorithm: It is possible that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) uses the port that
OpenDNS is configured to access, port 53, which will prevent OpenDNS filtering. If OpenDNS does not appear to be
working correctly, enabling this will attempt to bypass those ports when using an OpenDNS content filtering level.
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6.2 DHCP Server
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The built-in DHCP server automatically assigns IP addresses to
the computers and other devices on each local area network (LAN). In this section you can view a list of assigned IP
addresses and reserve IP addresses for particular devices.
Active Leases: A list of devices that have
been provided DHCP leases. The DHCP
server automatically assigns these leases.
This list will not include any devices that
have static IP addresses on the network.
Reservations: This option lets you reserve
IP addresses; you can assign the same IP
address to the network device with the
specified MAC address any time it requests
an IP address. This is almost the same as
when a device has a static IP address except that the device must still request an IP address from the router. The router
will provide the device the same IP address every time. DHCP Reservations are helpful for server computers on the local
network that are hosting applications such as Web and FTP. Servers on your network should either use a static IP
address or a reservation.
While you have the option to manually input the information to reserve an IP address (Hostname, Hardware Addr, IP
Addr), it is much simpler to select a device under the Active Leases section and click ―Reserve.‖ The selected device‘s
information will automatically be added under Reservations.
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6.3 DNS
DNS, or Domain Name System, is a naming system that translates between domain names (www.cradlepoint.com, for
example) and Internet IP addresses (206.207.82.197). A DNS server acts as an Internet phone book, translating between
names that make sense to people and the more complex numerical identifiers. The DNS page for the MBR1400 has these
distinct functions:
 DNS Settings: By default your router is set to automatically acquire DNS servers through your Internet provider
(Automatic). DNS Settings allows you to specify DNS servers of your choosing instead (Static).
 Dynamic DNS Configuration: Allows you to host a server (Web, FTP, etc.) using a domain name that you have
purchased (www.yourname.com) with your dynamically assigned IP address.
 Known Hosts Configuration: Allows you to map a name (printer, scanner, laptop, etc.) to an IP address of a
device on the network.
6.3.1
DNS Settings
You have the option to choose specific DNS servers for
your network instead of using the DNS servers assigned
by your Internet provider. The default DNS servers are
usually adequate. You may want to assign DNS servers if
the default DNS servers are performing poorly, if you want
WiFi clients to access DNS servers that you use for
customized addressing, or if you have a local DNS server
on your network.
Automatic Config: Automatic or Static (default: Automatic). Switching to ―Static‖ enables you to set specific DNS servers
in the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS fields.
Primary DNS and Secondary DNS: If you choose to specify your DNS servers, then enter the IP addresses of the
servers you want as your primary and secondary DNS servers in these fields. The DNS server settings will be prepopulated with public DNS server IP addresses. You can override the IP address with any other DNS server IP address of
your choice. For example, Google Public DNS servers have the IP addresses 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4 while 4.2.2.2 and 4.2.2.3
are servers from Level 3 Communications.
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Force All DNS Requests To Router: Enabling this will redirect all DNS requests from LAN clients to the router's DNS
server. This will allow the router even more control over IP addresses even when clients have their own DNS servers
statically set.
6.3.2 Dynamic DNS Configuration
The Dynamic DNS feature allows you to host a server (Web, FTP, etc.) using a domain name that you have purchased
(www.yourname.com) with your dynamically assigned IP address. Most broadband Internet Service Providers assign
dynamic (changing) IP addresses. When you use a Dynamic DNS service provider, you can enter your host name to
connect to your server, no matter what your IP address is.
Enable Dynamic DNS: Enable this option only if you
have purchased your own domain name and registered
with a Dynamic DNS service provider.
Server Type. Select a Dynamic DNS service provider
from the pull-down list:
 www.DynDNS.org
 www.DNSomatic.com
 www.ChangeIP.com
 www.NO-IP.com
 Custom Server (DynDNS clone)
Custom Server Address. Only available if you select
Custom Server from the Server Address dropdown list.
Enter your custom dynamic DNS server address here.
The server must support the Dynamic DNS protocol.
See www.dyndns.org for details. Example:
myserver.mydomain.net.
Use HTTPS: Use the more secure HTTPS protocol.
This is recommended, but could be disabled if not compatible with the server.
Host name: Enter your host name, fully qualified. For example: myhost.mydomain.net.
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User name: Enter the user name or key provided by the Dynamic DNS service provider. If the Dynamic DNS provider
supplies only a key, enter that key for both the User name and Password fields.
Password: Enter the password or key provided by the Dynamic DNS service provider.
6.3.3 Advanced Dynamic DNS Settings
Update period (hours). (Default: 576) The time between periodic updates to the Dynamic DNS, if your dynamic IP
address has not changed. The timeout period is entered in hours so valid values are from 1 to 8760.
Override External IP. The external IP is usually configured automatically during connection. However, in situations where
the unit is within a private network behind a firewall or router, the network's external IP address will have to be manually
configured in this field.
You may find out what your external IP address is by going to http://myip.dnsomatic.com/ in a web browser.
6.3.4
Known Hosts Configuration
The Known Hosts Configuration feature allows you to
map a name (printer, scanner, laptop, etc.) to an IP
address of a device on the network. This assigns a new
hostname that can be used to conveniently identify a
device within the network, such as an office printer.
Click Add to name a device in your network.
Fill in the following fields:
 Hostname: Choose a name that is meaningful to you. No spaces
are allowed in this field.
 IP address: The address of the device within your network.
EXAMPLE: a personal laptop with IP address 192.168.0.164 could be assigned the
name ―MyLaptop‖.
Since the assigned name is mapped to an IP address, the device‘s IP
address should not change. To ensure that the device keeps the same IP address, go to the ―Reservations‖ section under
Network Settings → DHCP Server and reserve the IP address for the device.
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6.4 Firewall
The router automatically provides a firewall. Unless you configure the router to the contrary, the router does not respond
to unsolicited incoming requests on any port, thereby making your LAN invisible to cyber attackers.
However, some network applications cannot run with a tight firewall. Those applications need to selectively open ports in
the firewall to function correctly. The options on this page control ways of opening the firewall to address the needs of
specific types of applications.
6.4.1
Port Forwarding Rules
A port forwarding rule allows traffic from the
Internet to reach a computer on the inside of your
network. For example, a port forwarding rule might
be used to run a Web server.
Exercise caution when adding new rules as
they impact the security of your network.
Click Add to create a new port forwarding rule, or select an
existing rule and click Edit.
Add/Edit Port Forwarding Rule




Name: Name your rule.
Use Port Range: Changes the selection options to allow
you to input a range of ports (if desired).
Internet Port(s): The port number(s) as you want it
defined on the Internet. Typically these will be the same
as the local port numbers, but they do not have to be.
These numbers will be mapped to the local port numbers.
Local Computer: Select the IP address of an attached
device from the dropdown menu, or manually input the IP address of a device.
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


Local Port(s): The port number(s) that corresponds to the service (Web server, FTP, etc) on a local computer or
device. For example, you might input ―80‖ in the Local Port(s) field to open a port for a Web server on a computer
within your network. The Internet Port(s) field could then also be 80, or you could choose another port number that
will be used across the Internet to access your Web server. If you choose a number other than 80 for the Internet
Port, connections to that number will be mapped to 80—and therefore the Web server—within your network.
Protocol: Select from the following options in the dropdown menu:
o TCP
o UDP
o TCP & UDP
Click Submit to save your completed port
forwarding rule.
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6.4.2
IP Filter Rules (Advanced)
An "Incoming" IP filter rule restricts remote access to computers on your local network. "Outgoing" filter rules prevent
computers on your local network from initiating communication to the address range specified in the rule.
This feature is especially useful when combined with port forwarding and/or DMZ to restrict remote access to a specified
host or network range. For example, in order to host a server you might have opened ports with a port forwarding rule that
could expose your LAN to cyber attacks. With an incoming IP filter rule, you can restrict the access to your LAN to only
known devices.





Name: Name your rule.
Enabled: Selected by default.
Direction: ―Any,‖ ―Incoming,‖ or
―Outgoing‖
Action: ―Allow‖ or ―Deny‖
Protocol: Any, ICMP, TCP, UDP, GRE,
ESP, or SCTP.
IP Source / IP Destination



Network IP: Optional field to specify a
matching network IP address for this rule
to match against.
Netmask: Use this to define a subnet
size this rule will match against.
Port(s): Use for a single port or a range
of ports. Fill in the left side for a single
port.
Use Network IP, Netmask, and Port(s) to specify the ports and addresses for which the rule applies. You can specify a
range of ports or a single port. Similarly, the netmask can be used to define either a range of addresses (i.e.
255.255.255.0) or a single address (255.255.255.255).
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If you leave these values blank, then all IP addresses and ports will be included. IP Source and IP Destination options
can be used to differentiate between the directions that packets go. You could permit packets to come from particular IP
addresses but then not allow packets to return to those addresses.
Example of an IP Filter Rule: Suppose you have opened a port in your firewall in order to run a server. Someone, Johnny, is abusing that
opening, so you would like to restrict his access. Create a rule that will deny Johnny‘s IP address.
Add IP Filter Rule





Name: No more Johnny
Enabled: Selected
Direction: Incoming
Action: Deny
Protocol: Any
IP Source



Network IP: 172.22.24.160 (Johnny‘s IP address)
Netmask: 255.255.255.255 (This netmask restricts the rule to one single address).
Port(s): 80
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6.4.3
DMZ: DeMilitarized Zone (Advanced)
A DMZ host is effectively not firewalled in the
sense that any computer on the Internet may
attempt to remotely access network services at the
DMZ IP address. Typical uses involve running a
public Web server or sharing files.
Input the IP Address of a single device in your
network to create a DeMilitarized Zone for that device. To ensure that the IP address of the selected device remains
consistent, go to the ―Reservations‖ section under Network Settings → DHCP Server and reserve the IP address for the
device.
As with port forwarding, use caution when enabling the DMZ feature as it can threaten the security of your
network. Only use DMZ as a last resort.
6.4.4
Firewall Options (Advanced)
Anti-Spoof: Anti-Spoof checks help protect against
malicious users faking the source address in
packets they transmit in order to either hide
themselves or to impersonate someone else. Once
the user has spoofed their address they can launch
a network attack without revealing the true source
of the attack or attempt to gain access to network services that are restricted to certain addresses.
Packet Normalization: Normalizing packets helps secure the router in untrusted environments. It does so by "scrubbing"
packets that are ambiguous or might represent a break-in attempt. Packet Normalization also helps insure reliable
connectivity for some WAN devices such as WiMAX modems. Only disable this option if you are sure you do not need it.
Static NAT Ports: If enabled the source port does not translate in TCP and UDP packets during NAT. Some NAT
traversal protocols such as STUN(T) require that the source port stay the same when traversing the firewall.
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6.4.5
Remote Administration Access
Control (Advanced)
Enable Remote Administration Access
Control: Selecting this option allows you to
make remote administration tools available
to only the specified IP addresses. Access
from all other IP addresses will be blocked.
This option only filters IP addresses: you
must enable Remote Management
separately (System Settings →
Administration).
The services affected by this include remote HTTP, HTTPS, SNMP, and SSH configuration tools. This does not restrict
access to LAN-based administration, i.e. devices within your network still have administration access. The individual
remote administration services can be enabled under System Settings → Administration --> Remote Management.
Remote Administration Access Control Editor
IP Address: The IP address that will be allowed to access
administrative services through the WAN.
Netmask (Optional): The netmask allows you to specify
what IP address sets will be allowed access. If this field is
left empty a netmask of 255.255.255.255 will be used,
which means that only the single specified IP address
would have remote administration access.
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6.5 MAC Filter / Logging
A MAC (Media Access Control) address is a unique identifier for a computer or other device. This page allows you to
manage clients by MAC address. You can filter clients by MAC addresses and/or keep a log of devices connected to your
router.
6.5.1
Filter Configuration
The MAC Filter allows you to create a
list of devices that have either
exclusive access (whitelist) or no
access (blacklist) to your wireless
LAN.
Enabled: Click to allow MAC Filter
options.
Whitelist: Select either ―Whitelist‖ or
―Blacklist‖ from a dropdown menu. In
"Whitelist" mode, the router will
restrict WiFi access to all computers
except those contained in the "MAC Filter List" panel. In ―Blacklist‖ mode, listed devices are completely blocked from WiFi
access.
MAC Filter List (Whitelist or Blacklist): Add devices to either your whitelist or blacklist simply by inputting each device‘s
MAC address.
NOTE: Use caution when using the MAC Filter to avoid accidentally blocking yourself from accessing the router.
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6.5.2 MAC Logging Configuration
Enable MAC Logging: Enabling MAC Logging will cause the router to log MAC addresses that are connected to the
router. MAC addresses that you do not want to have logged (addresses that you expect to be connected) should be
added to the ―Ignored MAC Addresses‖ list.
You can configure the router to send an alert if a connected device has a MAC address that the router doesn‘t recognize.
Go to System Settings → Device Alerts to set up these email alerts.
Ignored MAC Addresses: This is the
list of MAC addresses that will not
produce an alert or a log entry when
they are connected to the router.
These should be MAC addresses that
you expect to be connected to the
router.
To add MAC addresses to this list,
simply select devices shown in the
MAC Address Log and click ―Ignore.‖
You can also add addresses
manually.
MAC Address Log: This shows the
last 64 MAC addresses that have
connected to the router, as well as
which interface was used to connect.
The time/date that is logged is the time of the first connection. The page may need to be refreshed to show the most
recent log entries.
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6.6 Routing
Add a new static route to the IP routing table or
edit/remove an existing route.
Static routes are unnecessary for most users.
They are typically only used in networks with
more than one layer, such as when there is a
network within a network so that packet destinations are hidden behind an additional router. Adding a static route is a way
of telling the router about an additional step that packets will need to take to reach their destination.
Click Add to create a new static route.
IP/Network Address: The IP address of the target network
or host.
Type: Select from a dropdown list to specify the type of the
target:
 Network
 Host
Netmask: The Netmask, along with the IP address, defines
the network the computer belongs to and which other IP
addresses the computer can see in the same LAN. An IP
address of 192.168.0.1 along with a Netmask of 255.255.255.0 defines a network with 256 available IP addresses from
192.168.0.0 to 192.168.0.255.
NOTE: 255.255.255.255 is used to signify only the host that was entered in the IP/Network Address field.
Gateway: Specifies the next hop to be taken if this route is used. A gateway of 0.0.0.0 implies there is no next hop, and
the IP address matched is directly connected to the router on the interface specified: LAN or WAN.
Allow Network Access: (Default: Deselected.) Some static routes will need an IP Filter Rule via the Firewall to allow
packets through the route without being blocked. Selecting this option automatically creates this IP Filter Rule. If the
IP/Network Address falls outside the LAN IP range, you probably need to select this option.
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6.7 WiFi / Local Networks
This section is used to configure the settings for
wireless networks created by your router. Note that
changes made in this section may also need to be
duplicated on wireless devices that you want to
connect to your wireless network.
For example, if you change a LAN‘s IP address, devices
within that network will lose connection. They will have to
reconnect to the network.
Firmware 3.3.0 introduced significant changes to
the WiFi / Local Networks page, creating much
more flexibility and control for the user. The
MBR1400 now includes these options:



VLAN (virtual LAN)
As many as four WiFi networks (SSIDs)
NAT-less routing
The user can now set up multiple networks, each
with its own unique configuration and its own
selection of interfaces. Each local network can be
attached to any of the following types of interfaces:



WiFi
Ethernet
VLAN
For example, one network might be just an isolated WiFi hotspot for guests, while another might be the main network with
administrative access, two Ethernet ports, a password-protected WiFi SSID, and a VLAN interface.
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6.7.1
Local IP Networks
Local IP Networks displays the following information for each network:






Network Name
IP address/Netmask
DHCP Server (Enabled/Disabled)
Routing Mode (NAT, Standard,
Hotspot, Disabled)
Access Control (Admin Access, UPnP
Gateway, LAN Isolation)
Attached Interfaces (Ethernet ports,
WiFi, VLAN)
Click Add to configure a new network, or select an existing network and click Edit to view configuration options.
HotSpot (Captive Portal)
When you set a network as a ―Hotspot‖ under
Routing Mode, you will also need to make
sure to:
1) Configure hotspot settings under
System Settings → Hotspot
Services. Click on Configure to link to that page.
2) If you want a hotspot that includes WiFi, set one of your WiFi interfaces to ―Open‖ for its Security Mode and
attach this interface to your hotspot network. Otherwise guests will need to know the password to connect to the
WiFi network even before viewing a Terms of Service page (or other hotspot options).
Finally, make sure your WiFi interface is ―Enabled‖.
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6.7.2
Local Network Editor
The Local Network Editor contains the following tabs: IP
Settings, Interfaces, Access Control, DHCP Server and
Schedule.
IP Settings:
Name: This primarily helps to identify this network during
other administration tasks.
Hostname: [Default: cp (for CradlePoint)] The hostname is
the DNS name associated with the router's local area network
IP address.
NOTE: You can access the router‘s administration pages by typing the
hostname into your browser, so if you change ―cp‖ to another hostname,
you can access the administration pages through the new hostname.
IP Address: This is the address used by the router for local
area network communication. Changes to this parameter may
require a restart to computers on this network.
Each network must have a distinct IP address. Most users will
want an address from one of the following private IP ranges:
 10.0.0.1 - 10.255.255.1
 172.16.0.1 - 172.31.255.1
 192.168.0.1 - 192.168.255.1
NOTE: The final number does not have to be 1, but it is a simple, logical convention for routers that leaves higher numbers free for other devices.
Netmask: (Default: 255.255.255.0) The netmask controls how many IP addresses can be used in this network. The
default value allows for 254 IP addresses, which is enough in most cases.
Routing Mode: (Default: NAT.) Each network can use a unique routing mode to connect to the Internet and other local
networks. NAT is desirable for most configurations. Select from the following options in the dropdown list:
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




NAT (default): Network Address Translation hides private IP addresses behind the router's IP address. This is the
simplest and most common choice for users, because NAT does the translation work for you.
Standard: NAT-less routing. If you select Standard, you must separately configure your IP addresses so that they
will be publically accessible. Typically you will not select this option unless you have a specific reason to bypass
NAT.
IP Passthrough: IP Passthrough passes the IP address given by a cellular modem (WAN) through the router to
Ethernet (LAN). All Ethernet ports must be in LAN mode (or disabled) and Hotspot, VPN, and GRE must be
disabled. Any wireless interfaces must be removed from this network in order to enable IP Passthrough. The
easiest way to enable IP Passthrough mode is with the IP Passthrough Setup Wizard (see Getting Started → IP
Passthrough Setup).
Hotspot: Provide Hotspot Services on this network, requiring Terms of Service or RADIUS/UAM authentication
before WAN access will occur on both wireless and wired LAN connections. To enable a Hotspot you must also
configure your Hotspot settings under System Settings → Hotspot Services.
Disabled: Disable this network.
Interfaces:
Select network interfaces to attach to this network.
Choose from WiFi, Ethernet ports, and VLAN interfaces.
Double-click on any of the interfaces shown on the left in
the Available section to move them to the Selected
section on the right (or highlight an interface and click the
+ button). To deselect an interface, double-click on an
interface in the Selected section (or highlight the interface
and click the – button).
If you want more interface options, you must configure
additional WiFi, Ethernet ports, and VLAN interfaces
separately. See the Local Network Interfaces section
below (on this same administration page: Network
Settings → WiFi / Local Networks).
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Access Control:
Tune the access control settings of this network to match
the intended use. Simply select or deselect any of the
following:



LAN Isolation: When checked, this network will
NOT be allowed to communicate with other local
networks.
UPnP Gateway: Select the UPnP (Universal Plug
and Play) option if you want to enable the UPnP
Gateway service for computers on this network.
Admin Access: When enabled, users may access
these administration pages on this network.
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DHCP Server:
Changing settings for the DHCP server is optional. The
default selections are almost always sufficient.
DHCP Server: (Default: Enabled) When the DHCP server
is enabled, users of your network will be able to
automatically connect to the Internet without any special
configuration. It is recommended that you leave this
enabled. Disabling the DHCP server is only recommended
if you have another DHCP server on your network and it is
configured properly.
Range Start and Range End: These designate the range
of values in the reserved pool of IP addresses for the
DHCP server. Values within this range will be given to any
DHCP enabled computers on your network. The default
values are almost always sufficient (default: 72 to 200, as
in 192.168.0.72 to 192.168.0.200).
Example: The MBR1400 uses an IP address of 192.168.0.1 for its
primary network by default. A computer designated as a Web server has a static IP address of 192.168.0.3. Another computer is designated as an
FTP server with a static IP address of 192.168.0.4. The starting IP address for the DHCP server needs to be 192.168.0.5 or higher.
Lease Time: [Default: 720 minutes (12 hours)] The lease time specifies how long DHCP-enabled computers will wait
before requesting a new DHCP lease. Smaller values are better suited to busy environments.
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DHCP Options: Input a custom DHCP option by first clicking ―Add‖. There are close to 200 possible DHCP options
available. One of the more common uses is to assign a VoIP phone server using option 66 (Server name).
Option: Select an option from the dropdown list or manually
enter the number of an option. A complete list of options is
available from IANA.
Value: Generally this field should be a string, IP address, or
numeric value. Some fields can accept both IP addresses and
hostnames—in these cases you may need to wrap this value in
quotes. For example, option 66 (Server name) requires quotes
around IP addresses.
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Schedule:
Set up a schedule for this network interface.
This allows an interface to be enabled or
disabled during specific hours of a day. For
example, use this to limit a Hotspot network to
business hours.
Schedule Service: (Default: Disabled.) Select
to enable. This will open a configurable chart
for setting the schedule.
Each hour of the week is represented by a
black or gray square. Black represents
disabled, while gray represents enabled. Hover
over a square to reveal the hour it represents.
Click on the squares to toggle between black
and gray.
In the example shown, the network is enabled
from 9-5 on Monday through Friday, but
disabled at all other times.
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6.7.3
Local Network Interfaces
Each LAN type—WiFi, Ethernet, and VLAN—has a separate section with configuration options. Unless the default
configuration is sufficient, YOU MUST CONFIGURE EACH INTERFACE SEPARATELY in order to create the desired
interface options for a network. You can then select these interfaces to add to a network in the Local Network Editor
(see above).
Select from the following tabs:



Wireless (WiFi) Network Settings
Ethernet Port Configuration
VLAN Interfaces
Wireless (WiFi) Network Settings
The MBR1400 can broadcast as many as
four SSIDs (service set identifiers — the
names for WiFi networks). One primary WiFi
network is enabled by default, while you may
have enabled a second guest network when
using the First Time Setup Wizard. You have
the ability to change the settings for either of
these networks and/or enable two additional
networks.
Wireless Radio: Enable/Disable. (Default:
Enabled). Leave enabled unless you don‘t
want any WiFi networks broadcast from your router.
Select a WiFi network and click Edit to change the settings.
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Wireless Network Editor
WiFi Name (SSID): When users browse for available
wireless networks, this is the name that they will. This
name is referred to as the SSID (service set identifier).
For security purposes, CradlePoint highly recommends
that you change this from the pre-configured name.
Hidden: This shows whether the router broadcasts its
SSID. It is somewhat harder for hackers to find and
attack a router that is not broadcasting its SSID, which
adds to the wireless security, but it is also more difficult
for friendly users to attach to a WiFi network with a
hidden SSID.
Isolate: Select this to isolate all wireless clients so they
cannot directly communicate with each other on the
wireless network.
WMM: WiFi Multimedia. This is a basic traffic shaping,
or QoS (quality of service), system for the network.
WMM works behind the scenes to set priorities for
different types of traffic on your network. For example,
video streams are given higher priority than print jobs,
since video streams need consistent throughput.
Enabled: Whether the network is available.
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Security Mode: You have several options for selecting a security mode. The mode you choose depends on the security
features your wireless adapters support.








WPA2 Personal
WPA / WPA2 Personal
WPA Personal
WPA2 Enterprise
WPA / WPA2 Enterprise
WPA Enterprise
WEP Auto
Open
Select ―Open‖ to create a hotspot: otherwise select the
best security that your devices will support (CradlePoint
recommends WPA2).
Depending on which Security Mode you select, there are
different setup options.






―Personal‖ security modes require passwords.
―Enterprise‖ security modes are linked to a RADIUS server and require RADIUS authentication: IP, Port, and
Shared Key (Secondary IP and NAS ID optional).
―WPA2‖ (Personal or Enterprise) forces AES as the WPA Cipher.
―WPA/WPA2‖ and ―WPA‖ (Personal or Enterprise) allow AES, TKIP/AES, and TKIP.
―WEP Auto‖ requires a WEP Key.
―Open‖ has no password or other security measures.
NOTE: If you don‘t know whether you should choose Personal or Enterprise, assume Personal since you need to know RADIUS authentication for
Enterprise.
In order to protect your network from hackers and unauthorized users, CradlePoint highly recommends WPA2/AES for
security if your attached devices can support it. WEP and WPA/TKIP are obsolete and have been replaced by WPA/AES.
Using those security settings will cause the WiFi to limit to 802.11g modes.
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NOTE: If you select one of the security modes and are unable to connect to the router afterwards, you can use the reset buttons to reset the router
to its factory default state and try a different security mode instead.
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Ethernet Port Configuration
Ethernet
Port
Configuration
provides
controls for your router‘s Ethernet ports.
There are five total ports: one blue port and
four numbered orange ports. While default
settings will be sufficient in most
circumstances, you have the ability to
control: Mode (WAN or LAN) and Link
Speed. Additional controls for WAN ports
are available in Internet → Ethernet
Settings.
Mode: WAN or LAN. Default setting is WAN
(Wide Area Network) for the blue port and
LAN (Local Area Network) for the four
orange ports.


Internet (WAN) is used to connect to
another network such as a hotel or
office wired network. The WAN
connection is used as a possible source of Internet for the MBR1400.
Local Network (LAN) is for connecting a computer or similar device directly to the router with an Ethernet cable.
Link Speed: Default setting is Auto. The Auto setting is preferred in most cases.






Auto
10Mbps - Half Duplex
10Mbps - Full Duplex
100Mbps - Half Duplex
100Mbps - Full Duplex
1000Mbps - Full Duplex
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Ethernet Port Group Editor
A Port Group represents a logical grouping of Ethernet
ports. Any computers physically connected to ports in a
group will be allowed to freely communicate with each
other. For example, if you leave all four orange ports set
as LAN ports, you might group Orange Port 1 and Orange
Port 2 together to be part of your primary network, and
then group Orange Port 3 and Orange Port 4 together to
be part of a guest network.
NOTE: When a port group uses the LAN mode you must separately
ensure that this logical interface is attached to a Local IP Network in
the top panel of this page.
Port Group ID: The Group ID field provides a reference
to this grouping of ports to be used in other parts of the
router configuration. For example, this ID is referenced in
the Local IP Networks configuration to attach this logical
group of Ethernet ports with a network configuration. Use
a simple short text phrase to describe this group, such as
"main", "guestports", "backup_wan", etc.
Select one or more ports to create a port group that you can subsequently attach to a network in the Local Network
Editor. Double-click on any of the Ethernet ports shown on the left in the Available section to move them to the Selected
section on the right (or highlight a port and click the + button). To deselect an Ethernet port, double-click on an interface in
the Selected section (or highlight the port and click the – button).
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VLAN Interfaces
A virtual local area network, or VLAN,
functions as any other physical LAN, but it
enables computers and other devices to be
grouped together even if they are not
physically attached to the same network
switch.
To enable a VLAN, select a VID (virtual LAN ID) and a group of Ethernet ports through which users can access the VLAN.
Then go back up to the Local Network Editor to attach your new VLAN to a network. To use a VLAN, the VID must be
shared with another router or similar device so that multiple physical networks have access to the one virtual network.
Click Add to create a new VLAN interface.
VLAN Editor
VID: An integer value that is the Virtual LAN ID.
Ethernet Group: Select the LAN port(s) with which you
want to associate the VLAN ID from a dropdown list. Your
Ethernet group must be created separately under Ethernet
Port Configuration.
Click Submit to save your configured VLAN.
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6.7.4 WiFi Settings (Advanced)
When you select the Wireless (WiFi) Networks
Settings tab in the Local Network Interfaces section,
you have several additional options for configuring your
wireless LANs under the WiFi Settings heading.
WiFi band: Select the range of frequencies the router
will use. The MBR1400 can operate in either the 2.4 GHz
or the 5.0 GHz ranges. (Default: 2.4 GHz. The included
WiFi antennas are 2.4 GHz. 5 GHz antennas are
available as an accessory.)
Channel Selection Method: This controls how a WiFi
channel is selected.
 User Selection. Manually set the channel.
 Random Selection. The router randomly sets the
channel.
 Smart Selection (Default). Scans to determine
the lowest interference WiFi channel.
Channel Selection Schedule: When using the "Smart"
channel selection, this controls whether the router will
periodically rescan for a better channel and change to it.
Select from ―Once,‖ ―Daily,‖ ―Weekly,‖ or ―Monthly.‖ Note
that there may be a momentary WiFi disconnection while
the channel changes.
Optimize WiFi/WiMAX coexistence: (Shows if Smart Selection or Random Selection is chosen and the WiFi Band is
2.4 GHz.) Setting this will lessen any possible conflict with WiFi in the 2.4 GHz band and an attached WiMAX modem. If a
WiMAX modem is attached to the router when the WiFi is enabled, the WiFi channel and transmit power will be set to
levels that optimize the performance of the WiMAX modem. If no WiMAX modem is attached, then default channel and
power settings will be used even if this is selected.
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Channel: (Shows if Random Channel is deselected.) The WiFi channel corresponds to a frequency the router uses to
communicate with other devices. For 2.4 GHz, the range is 1 to 11, and 1, 6, and 11 do not overlap each other. If a
WiMAX modem is attached, a higher number channel will increase the chance the router's WiFi and modem's WiMAX
radios will conflict with each other, which may result in lower throughput. Select a channel from the dropdown list:
 1 (2412 MHz)
 2 (2417 MHz)
 3 (2422 MHz)
 4 (2427 MHz)
 5 (2432 MHz)
 6 (2437 MHz)
 7 (2442 MHz)
 8 (2447 MHz)
 9 (2452 MHz)
 10 (2457 MHz)
 11 (2462 MHz)
For 5.0 GHz, the ranges are 36 to 64 and 149 to 165. These channels do not interfere with a WiMAX modem. If you
choose to use 5.0 GHz, you should consider switching antennas. The default WiFi antennas are optimized for the
2.4 GHz range.
 36 (5180 MHz)
 40 (5200 MHz)
 44 (5220 MHz)
 48 (5240 MHz)
 149 (5745 MHz)
 153 (5765 MHz)
 157 (5785 MHz)
 161 (5805 MHz)
 165 (5825 MHz)
Client Timeout: If the access point is not able to communicate with the client it will disconnect it after this timeout (in
seconds).
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TX Power: Normally the wireless transmitter operates at 100% power. In some circumstances, however, there might be a
need to isolate specific frequencies to a smaller area. By reducing the power of the radio, you can prevent transmissions
from reaching beyond your corporate/home office or designated wireless area.
RTS Threshold: When an excessive number of wireless packet collisions are occurring, wireless performance can be
improved by using the RTS/CTS (Request to Send/Clear to Send) handshake protocol. The wireless transmitter will begin
to send RTS frames (and wait for CTS) when data frame size in bytes is greater than the RTS Threshold. This setting
should remain at its default value.
Fragmentation Threshold: Wireless frames can be divided into smaller units (fragments) to improve performance in the
presence of RF interference and at the limits of RF coverage. Fragmentation will occur when frame size in bytes is greater
than the Fragmentation Threshold. This setting should remain at its default value. Setting the Fragmentation value too low
may result in poor performance.
DTIM: A DTIM is a countdown informing clients of the next window for listening to broadcast and multicast messages.
When the wireless router has buffered broadcast or multicast messages for associated clients, it sends the next DTIM
with a DTIM Interval value. Wireless clients detect the beacons and awaken to receive the broadcast and multicast
messages. The default value is 1. Valid settings are between 1 and 255.
Beacon: Beacons are packets sent by a wireless router to synchronize wireless devices. Specify a Beacon Period value
between 20 and 1000 milliseconds.
WPS: WiFi Protected Setup is a method for easy and secure establishment of a wireless network. It can be used instead
of passwords when connecting clients that support WPS.
Short Slot: Slot Time is the period wireless clients use in determining if the channel is free for transmission. Enabling this
value allows clients that can utilize a shorter time to do so. Disabling this option forces all clients to use a longer backoff
check and thus may reduce network throughput while reducing the number of transmission collisions.
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Wireless Mode: Select the WiFi clients the router will be compatible with. Greater compatibility is a tradeoff with better
performance. For greatest compatibility with all WiFi devices, select "802.11 a/b/g/n". For best performance, connect with
only other 802.11n-compatible devices and select "802.11 n."
 802.11 b
 802.11 b/g
 802.11 a/b/g/n
 802.11 b/g/n
 802.11 n
Channel Width: Selects whether the router uses a single 20 MHz channel to send/receive, or uses two adjacent 20 MHz
channels to create a 40 MHz channel. Higher performance is possible with the 40 MHz channel. Selecting Auto is
generally best. Enabling WiFi as WAN will force 20 MHz only mode.
Extended Channel: When operating in 40 MHz mode the access point will use an extended channel either below or
above the current channel. Optimal selection will depend on the channels of other networks in the area.
MCS: 802.11n uses multiple Modulation Coding Schemes to enable higher throughput in various environments. Since
clients can dynamically change rates depending on environment, selecting Auto is generally best.
Short GI: Short GI is an optimization for shortening the interval between transmissions. May be incompatible with older
clients.
Greenfield Mode: Greenfield mode uses an 802.11n-only preamble to transmit packets that older wireless clients cannot
interpret. Use of greenfield mode in a mixed 802.11 environment may result in degraded performance but can improve
performance if all devices in the area are 802.11n compatible.
RADIUS Timeout: (Default: 3600 seconds) When using an Enterprise security mode clients will be forced to reauthenticate with the RADIUS server at this interval in seconds. This allows administrators to revoke access so when an
attached client‘s authentication expires, the client must re-authenticate.
RADIUS Retry: (Default: 60 seconds) When using an Enterprise security mode, if a RADIUS query fails to receive a
response from the server it will delay by this interval (in seconds) before attempting another query. This helps protect the
network from floods of authentication requests if the RADIUS server is temporarily unreachable.
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6.8 WiPipe QoS
When WiPipe QoS (Quality of Service, also known as ―Traffic Shaping‖) is enabled, the router will control the flow of
Internet traffic according to the user-defined rules. In other words, Traffic Shaping improves performance by allowing the
user to prioritize applications.
Enable WiPipe QoS: Click on this box to open options for controlling Internet traffic. You can assign maximum Upload
Speed and Download Speed values and define your own Traffic Shaping rules.
Upload Speed and Download Speed: Setting the Upload Speed and Download Speed is required to control traffic flow
accurately. Adjust the sliding bar to restrict the maximum upload and/or download speed for the Internet source(s) you are
using. For example, you might restrict the upload speed to prioritize available bandwidth for download or to reduce overall
bandwidth use in order to lower costs. It is recommended that you experiment with different values for your particular
Internet connection for best results.
NOTE: Upload speed is the speed at which data can be transferred to your ISP. Download speed is the speed at which data can be transferred to
you from your ISP. You can test your connection speeds with a service such as speedtest.net.
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6.8.1 Traffic Shaping Rules
A Traffic Shaping rule identifies a specific message flow and assigns a priority to that flow. Assign rules based on
upload/download bandwidth, protocol, port numbers, and/or IP addresses.
EXAMPLE: You can restrict the bandwidth of your guest network in order to reserve crucial bandwidth for your primary network. Create a rule
associated with the IP address range and appropriate netmask for the quest network. Then set upload/download bandwidth limits as a percentage
of your available bandwidth.
Traffic Shaping supports overlap between rules, where more than one rule can match for a specific message flow. If more
than one rule matches, the rule with the highest priority will be used.
Click Add to create a new Traffic Shaping rule.
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Traffic Shaping / QoS Rule Editor
The first page of the Traffic Shaping / QoS Rule Editor
allows you enable/disable the rule, name the rule, and
specify a protocol for the rule.
Rule Enabled: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect this to disable
this rule. This can be useful for quickly changing
configurations. If both upload QoS and download QoS are
disabled then the rule will disable automatically.
Rule Name: Create a name and/or description for the rule
that is meaningful to you.
Protocol. The protocol used by the messages: TCP, UDP,
or ICMP. Select ―Any‖ if your rule does not control a
specific type of message that uses a specific protocol.
Click Next to continue to the next page.
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Enable Upload QoS: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect if you
want your rule to apply to download traffic only.
Borrow Spare Bandwidth: (Default: Enabled.) When this
is enabled, the interfaces/protocols associated with this
rule will borrow unused bandwidth from other rules.
Disabling borrowing will restrict the traffic to the specified
bandwidth. Higher priority queues will be offered excess
bandwidth first.
Upload Bandwidth: This is the percentage of the
connected WAN upload bandwidth that will be reserved
for the specified traffic. The maximum value is adjusted to
the remaining percentage after other rules receive their
share. (For example, if one rule reserves 10% of
bandwidth for VoIP, the next rule will be limited to a
maximum of 90%.)
Upload Priority: The priority value has two different effects on traffic. Higher priority traffic is handled before lower priority
traffic, which can lead to shorter response times. Additionally, when spare bandwidth is available it is offered to higher
priority classes first. Move the slider to select from the following options (Default: Normal):








Lowest
Lower
Below Normal
Normal
Above Normal
High
Higher
Highest
Click Next to continue to the next page.
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Enable Download QoS: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect if
you want your rule to apply to upload traffic only.
Borrow Spare Bandwidth: (Default: Enabled.) When this
is enabled, the interfaces/protocols associated with this
rule will borrow unused bandwidth from other rules.
Disabling borrowing will restrict the traffic to the specified
bandwidth. Higher priority queues will be offered excess
bandwidth first.
Download Bandwidth: This is the percentage of the
connected WAN upload bandwidth that will be reserved
for the specified traffic. The maximum value is adjusted to
the remaining percentage after other rules receive their
share. (For example, if one rule reserves 10% of the
bandwidth for VoIP, the next rule will be limited to a
maximum of 90%.)
Download Priority: The priority value has two different effects on traffic. Higher priority traffic is handled before lower
priority traffic, which can lead to shorter response times. Additionally, when spare bandwidth is available it is offered to
higher priority classes first. Move the slider to select from the following options (Default: Normal):








Lowest
Lower
Below Normal
Normal
Above Normal
High
Higher
Highest
Click Next to continue to the next page.
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Source Port(s) and/or Destination Port(s): Enter a port
number between 1 and 65535. To enter a single port
number, input the number into the left box. To enter a
range of ports, fill in both boxes separated by the colon.
For example "80:90" would represent all ports between 80
and 90 including 80 and 90 themselves.
Source IP Address, Source Netmask, Destination IP
Address, and Destination Netmask: Specify an IP
address or range of IP addresses by combining an IP
address with a netmask for either ―source‖ or ―destination‖
(or both). Source vs. destination is defined by traffic flow.
Leave these blank to include all IP addresses (such as if
your rule is defined by a particular port instead).
EXAMPLE: If you want to associate this rule with your guest LAN, you could input the IP address and netmask for the guest LAN
here (leaving the last slot ―0‖ to allow for any user attached to the guest network):
 Source IP Address: 192.168.10.0
 Source Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Click Finish to save this rule.
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7 INTERNET
The Internet tab provides access to 6 submenu items for managing a variety of Internet connection options.






Connection Manager
Data Usage
GRE Tunnels
VPN Tunnels
WiFi as WAN / Bridge
WAN Affinity
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7.1 Connection Manager
The router can establish an uplink via the Ethernet WAN port, WiFi as WAN, or modems plugged into a modem port. If the
primary WAN connection fails the router will automatically attempt to bring up a new link on another device. This feature is
called failover. If Load Balance is enabled, multiple WAN devices may be plugged in and each may establish a link.
7.1.1
WAN Interfaces
This is a list of the available interfaces used to
access the Internet. You can enable, stop, or
start devices from this section. By using the
priority arrows (the arrows in the boxes to the
left—these show if you have more than one
available interface), you can set the interface the
router uses by default and the order that it allows
failover.
In the example shown, Ethernet is set as the primary Internet source, while a USB modem is attached for failover. The
Ethernet is ―Unplugged‖ while the modem is ―Connected.‖
Load Balance: If this is enabled, the router will use multiple WAN interfaces to increase the data transfer throughput by
using any connected WAN interface consecutively. Selecting Load Balance will automatically start the WAN interface and
add it to the pool of WAN interfaces to use for data transfer. Turning off Load Balance for an active WAN interface may
require the user to restart any current browsing session.
Enabled: Selected by default. Deselect to disable an interface.
Click on the small box at the top of the list to select/deselect all devices for either Load Balance or Enabled.
Click on a device in the list to reveal additional information about that device and to enable configuration options.
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7.1.2
Device Configuration
Clicking on a device reveals the following
information:








State (Connected, Available, etc.)
Port
UID (Unique identifier. This could be a
name or number/letter combination.)
IP Address
Gateway
Netmask
Stats: bytes in, bytes out
Uptime (in seconds)
Click ―Edit‖ to view configuration options for the selected device. For USB or ExpressCard modems, click ―Control‖ to view
options to activate or update the device.
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7.1.3






General Settings
Enabled: Select/deselect to
enable/disable.
Load Balance: Select to allow this device
to be available for the Load Balance pool.
LB default bandwidth: Defines the
default bandwidth for use in Load
Balance algorithms. (Range: 100
Kilobits/second to 49 Megabits/second.)
QOS default bandwidth: Defines the
default bandwidth for use in QoS (quality
of service, or traffic shaping) algorithms.
MTU: Maximum transmission unit. This is
the size of the largest protocol data unit
that the device can pass. (Range: 46 to
1500 Bytes.)
Hostname (This only shows for certain
devices.)
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Failure Check (Advanced)
If this is enabled, the router will check that the
highest priority active WAN interface can get to the
Internet even if the WAN connection is not actively
being used. If the interface goes down, the router
will switch to the next highest priority interface
available. If this is not selected, the router will still
failover to the next highest priority interface but only after the user has attempted to get out to the Internet and failed.
Idle Check Interval: The amount of time between each check. (Default: 30 seconds. Range: 10-3600 seconds.)
Monitor while connected: (Default: Off) Select from the following dropdown options:




Passive DNS (modem only): The router will take no action until data is detected that is destined for the WAN.
When this data is detected, the data will be sent and the router will check for received data for 2 seconds. If no data
is received the router behaves as described below under Active DNS.
Active DNS (modem only): A DNS request will be sent to the DNS servers. If no data is received, the DNS
request will be retried 4 times at 5-second intervals. (The first 2 requests will be directed at the Primary DNS server
and the second 2 requests will be directed at the Secondary DNS server.) If still no data is received, the device will
be disconnected and failover will occur.
Active Ping: A ping request will be sent to the Ping Target. If no data is received, the ping request will be retried 4
times at 5-second intervals. If still no data is received, the device will be disconnected and failover will occur. When
―Active Ping‖ is selected, the next line gives an estimate of data usage in this form: ―Active Ping could use as much
as 9.3 MB of data per month.‖ This amount depends on the Idle Check Interval.
Off: Once the link is established the router takes no action to verify that it is still up.
Ping IP Address: If you selected ―Active Ping‖, you will need to input an IP address. This must be an address that can be
reached through your WAN connection (modem/Ethernet). Some ISPs/Carriers block certain addresses, so choose an
address that all of your WAN connections can use. For best results, select an established public IP address.
For example, you might ping Google Public DNS at 8.8.8.8 or Level 3 Communications at 4.2.2.2.
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Failback Configuration (Advanced)
This is used to configure failback, which is the
ability to go back to a higher priority WAN interface
if it regains connection to its network.
Usage: Fail back based on the amount of data
passed over time. This is a good setting for when
you have a dual-mode EVDO/WiMAX modem and
you are going in and out of WiMAX coverage. If the
router has failed over to EVDO it will wait until you
have low data usage before bringing down the EVDO connection to check if a WiMAX connection can be made.
 High (Rate: 80 KB/s. Time Period: 30 seconds.)
 Normal (Rate: 20 KB/s. Time Period: 90 seconds.)
 Low (Rate: 10 KB/s. Time Period: 240 seconds.)
 Custom (Rate range: 1-100 KB/s. Time Period range: 10-300 seconds.)
Time: Fail back only after a set period of time. (Default: 90 seconds. Range: 10-300 seconds.) This is a good setting if
you have a primary wired WAN connection and only use a modem for failover when your wired connection goes down.
This ensures that the higher priority interface has remained online for a set period of time before it becomes active (in
case the connection is dropping in and out, for example).
Disabled: Deactivate failback mode.
Immediate Mode: Fail back immediately whenever a higher priority interface is plugged in or when there is a priority
change. Immediate failback returns you to the use of your preferred Internet source more quickly which may have
advantages such as reducing the cost of a failover data plan, but it may cause more interruptions in your network than
Usage or Time modes.
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7.1.4
Ethernet Settings
While default settings for each WAN Ethernet port will be
sufficient in most circumstances, you have the ability to
control:


Connect Method: DHCP (Automatic), Static
(Manual), or PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over
Ethernet).
MAC Address: You have the ability to change the
MAC address, but typically this is unnecessary. You
can match this address with your device‘s address
by clicking: ―Clone Your PC’s MAC Address‖.
Connect Method
Select the connection type that you need for this WAN connection. You may need to check with your ISP or system
administrator for this information.



DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is the most common configuration. Your router‘s Ethernet ports are
automatically configured for DHCP connection. DHCP automatically assigns dynamic IP addresses to devices in
your networks. This is preferable in most circumstances.
Static allows you to input a specific IP address for your WAN connection; this should be provided by the ISP if
supported.
PPPoE should be configured with the username, password and other settings provided by your ISP.
If you want to use a Static (Manual) or PPPoE connection, you will need to fill out additional information.
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Static (Manual):
 IP Address
 Subnet Mask
 Gateway IP
 Primary DNS Server
 Secondary DNS Server
PPPoE:
 Username
 Password
 Password Confirm
 Service
 Auth Type: None, PAP, CHAP
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7.1.5 Modem Settings
On Demand: Typically modem connections are not
always on. When this mode is selected a connection to
the Internet is made as needed. When this mode is not
selected a connection to the Internet is always
maintained.
Maximum Idle Time: The interval for which the
modem can be idle before it is disconnected.
Aggressive Reset: When Aggressive Reset is
enabled the system will attempt to maintain a good
modem connection. If the Internet has been
unreachable for a period of time a reset of the modem
will occur in attempt to re-establish the connection.
LTE Connection Mode: Specify how the LTE Multi
Mode modem should connect to the network.





Auto: Let the modem decide which network to
use.
Auto EVDO/1xRTT: Connect to CDMA, letting the modem decide which 3G network to use. Do not attempt to
connect to LTE.
Force LTE: Connect to LTE only (do not attempt to connect to CDMA/GSM).
Force EVDO: Connect to CDMA EVDO network only.
Force 1xRTT: Connect to CDMA 1xRTT network only.
AT Dial Script: Enter the AT commands to be used in establishing a network connection. Each command must be
entered on a separate line. All command responses must include ―OK‖ except the final command response, which must
include ―CONNECT‖.
Example:
AT
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AT+CGDCONT=2,‖IP‖,‖isp.cingular‖
ATCT*99***2#
PPP Authentication Protocol: Set this only if your service provider requires a specific protocol and the Auto option
chooses the wrong one.
 Auto
 PAP (Password Authentication Protocol)
 CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol)
PPP Password: Password for PPP authentication.
PPP Username: Username for PPP authentication.
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CDMA Settings


Persist Settings:
Active Profile: Select a number from 0-5
from the dropdown list.
The following fields can be left blank. If left blank
they will remain unchanged in the modem.








NAI (Username@realm): Network Access
Identifier. NAI is a standard system of
identifying users who attempt to connect to a
network.
AAA Shared Secret (Password):
“Authentication, Authorization, and
Accounting‖ password.
Verify AAA Shared Secret.
HA Shared Secret: ―Home Agent‖ shared
secret.
Primary HA.
Secondary HA.
AAA SPI: AAA Security Parameter Index.
HA SPI: HA Security Parameter Index.
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SIM/APN Settings
SIM PIN: PIN number for a GSM modem with a
locked SIM.
Access Point Name (APN): Some wireless
carriers provide multiple Access Point Names that
a modem can connect to. Some APN examples are
‗isp.cingular‖ and ―vpn.com‖.



Default: Let the router choose an APN
automatically.
Manual: Enter an APN by hand.
Select: Select from a dropdown menu of the profiles already on the SIM.
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WiMAX Settings
WiMAX Realm: Select from the following
dropdown options:







Clear – clearwire-wmx.net
Rover – rover-wmx.net
Sprint 3G/4G – sprintpcs.com
Xohm –xohm.com
BridgeMAXX – bridgeMAXX.com
Time Warner Cable – mobile.rr.com
Comcast – mob.comcast.net
TTLS Authentication Mode: TTLS inner
authentication protocol. Select from the following
dropdown options:



MSCHAPv2/MD5 (Microsoft Challenge
Handshake Authentication Protocol
version2/Message-Digest Algorithm 5)
PAP (Password Authentication Protocol)
CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol)
TTLS Username: Username for TTLS authentication.
TTLS Password: Password for TTLS authentication.
WiMAX Authentication Identity: User ID on the network. Leave this blank unless your provider tells you otherwise.
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7.1.6 Update/Activate a Modem
Some 3G modems can be updated and activated while plugged into the router. Updates and activation methods vary by
modem model and service provider. Possible methods are: PRL Update, Activation, and FUMO. All supported methods
will be displayed when you select your modem and click ―Update/Activate‖. If no methods are displayed for your device
then you will need to update and activate your device externally.
To update or activate a modem, select the device and click
―Control‖.
The modem does not support Update/Activate methods: A
message will state that there is no support for PRL Update,
Activation, or FUMO.
The modem supports Update/Activate methods: A message
will display showing options for each supported method:



Modem Activation / Update: Activate, Reactivate, or
Upgrade Configuration.
Preferred Roaming List (PRL) Update
Firmware Update Management Object (FUMO)
Click the appropriate icon to start the process.
If the modem is connected when you start an operation the
router will automatically disconnect it. The router may start
another modem as a failover measure. When the operation is
done the modem will go back to an idle state, at which point the
router may restart it depending on failover and failback settings.
NOTE: Only one operation is supported at a time. If you try to start the same
operation on the same modem twice the UI will not report failure and the
request will finish normally when the original request is done. However if you
try to start a different operation or use a different modem, this second request
will fail without interfering with the pending operation.
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Process Timeout: If the process fails an error message will display.
Activation has a 3-minute timeout, PRL update has a 4-minute timeout, and
FUMO has a 10-minute timeout.
7.1.7 Configuration Rules (Advanced)
This section allows you to create general rules
that apply to the Internet connections of a
particular type. These can be general or very
specific. For example, you could create a rule that
applies to all WiMAX modems, or a rule that only
applies to an Internet source with a particular MAC
address.
The Configuration Rules list shows all rules that
you have created, as well as all of the default
rules. These are listed in the order they will be
applied. The most general rules are listed at the
top, and the most specific rules are at the bottom.
The router goes down the list and applies all rules
that fit for attached Internet sources. Configuration
settings farther down the list will override previous
settings.
Select any of these rules and click ―Edit‖ to change the settings for a rule. To create a new rule, click ―Add.‖
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WAN Configuration Rule
This section allows you to create simple or complex rules
that affect how individual Internet sources or classes of
sources (perhaps all WiMAX modems or all modems from
Sierra Wireless) behave in the router.
After clicking ―Add‖ or ―Edit,‖ you will see a popup with the
following tabs:







Filter Criteria
General Settings
Ethernet Settings
Modem Settings
WiMAX Settings
CDMA Settings
SIM/APN Settings
Filter Criteria. Begin by setting the Filter Criteria if you
are creating a new rule. Create a name for your rule and the condition for which the rule applies:
Rule Name: Create a name meaningful to you. This name is optional.
Select each of the following to create a condition for your rule. When:
 Port (USB Port 1, 2, 3; ExpressPort 1, 2): Select by the port that you are plugging the modem into.
 Manufacturer: Select by the manufacturer, such as Sierra Wireless.
 Model: Set your rule according to the specific model of modem.
 Type (Ethernet, LTE, Modem, WiMAX, Wireless as WAN, HSPA): Select by type of Internet source.
 Serial Number: Select 3G or LTE modem by Serial Number.
 MAC Address: Select WiMAX modem by MAC Address.
 Unique ID: Select by ID. This is generated by the router and displayed when the device is connected to the
router.
Condition: Select ―is,‖ ―is not,‖ ―starts with,‖ ―contains,‖ or ―ends with‖ to create your condition‘s statement.
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Value: If you chose Port or Type, select from the dropdown list. If you chose Manufacturer, Model, Serial Number,
MAC Address, or Unique ID, you will need to manually input the information.
The condition will be of the following form:
― (When)
is/is not
(value) ‖
For example:
―Type is not WiMAX‖
―Port is USB Port 1‖
Once you have established the condition for your configuration rule, choose from the other tabs to set the desired
configuration. Use the arrow buttons along the top to reveal more tab options. All of the tab options: General Settings,
Ethernet Settings, Modem Settings, WiMAX Settings, CDMA Settings, and SIM/APN Settings have the same
configuration options shown above in the WAN Configuration section (the options for Configuration Rules are the same as
they are for individual devices).
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7.2 Data Usage
Data Usage Management & Alerts allows you to create and manage rules that help control the data usage of a modem.
If you have a limited data plan or a price increase on your plan after a certain amount of usage, a Data Usage Rule can
help you track these amounts. You can set a rule to shut down use of a modem and/or send a message when you reach a
data usage amount you set.
Enable Data Usage: Enabled/Disabled. (Default:
Disabled.)
When you select Enabled, you will see the Data Usage
Agreement shown to the right. The purpose of this
agreement is to ensure that you understand that the data
numbers for the MBR1400 may not perfectly match those
of your carrier: CradlePoint cannot be held responsible.
You must accept the agreement by clicking Yes in order to
begin creating data usage rules.
Warning: You should set your data limits lower than your
Data Allowance and regularly compare the numbers
provided by the router with the numbers from your carrier.
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7.2.1
Data Usage Rules
The Date Usage Rule display shows basic
information for each rule you have created
(including rules created with a template). The
following information is displayed:






Rule Name
Enabled: True/False
Date for Rule Reset
Cycle Type: Daily, Weekly, or Monthly
Cap: Amount in MB.
Current Usage: Shown as an amount
in MB, as a percentage of the cap, and
in a bar graph.
Click Add to configure a new Data Usage Rule.
Data Usage Rule – page 1
Rule Name: Give your rule a name for later recognition.
WAN Selection: Select from the dropdown list of
currently attached WAN devices.
Assigned Usage in MB: Enter a cap amount in
megabytes. 1024 megabytes equals 1 gigabyte.
Rule Enabled: (Default: Enabled.) Click to disable.
Click Next to continue to page 2.
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Data Usage Rule – page 2
Cycle Type: How often the rule will reset. The data usage
amount will be reset at the end of each cycle. Select the
length of a cycle from a dropdown menu with the following
choices:
 Daily
 Weekly
 Monthly
Cycle Start Date: Select
the date you wish the
rule to begin. This date
will be used to track
when the rule will reset.
Shutdown WAN on
Cap: If selected, the WAN device will shut down when the assigned usage is reached. A cycle reset or a rule deletion will
re-enable the device.
Send Alert on Cap: An email alert will be generated and sent when the assigned usage is reached.
WARNING: The SMTP mail server must be configured in System Settings → Device Alerts.
Extra Email Alert: When checked you enable a second email to be configured for a percentage of the assigned usage.
Percent of Usage (1-1000): If selected, a custom alert will be sent when your data usage reaches this percentage of your
usage cap. For example, you could set this at 90 percent so that you know when your usage is nearing 100 percent of the
cap.
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7.2.2
Template Configuration
Templates allow you to control multiple
WAN devices with the same rule. Each WAN
device that matches a template will
automatically have its own rule created.
For example, you can set a template rule for all mobile data modems that causes your router to send an alert after 1000 MB of usage in a month.
When you attach a new 4G USB modem, your template will immediately create a new Data Usage Rule for the attached modem that sends the
alert as specified.
Click Add to configure a new Template rule.
Create a Template Name that you can recognize.
The template will apply to one of the following
WAN types:
 All WAN
 All Ethernet
 All Modems
Select one of these types.
The rest of the rule settings options match those in
the Data Usage Rules. See the section above for
additional information about how to configure your
template usage rules.
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7.2.3 Historical Data
Historical Data shows a graph of data usage for
each attached WAN source that has an assigned
Data Usage Rule. The graph shows the usage trend
for one day.
Click Add Usage to manually input additional usage
for an attached data source. You might do this if you
used your modem while not attached to your router
and you want to keep an accurate count of your
data usage.
Enter the date of usage by using the pop-up
calendar. Then enter the total data in MB—both in
and out—to update the usage amounts.
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7.3 GRE Tunnels
Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) tunnels can be used to create a connection between two private networks. The
MBR1400 is enabled for either GRE or VPN tunnels. GRE tunnels are simpler to configure and more flexible for different
kinds of packet exchanges, but VPN tunnels are much more secure.
In order to set up a tunnel you must know the following:
 Local Network and Remote Network addresses for the ―Glue Network,‖ the network that is created by the
administrator that serves as the ―glue‖ between the networks of the tunnel. Each address must be a different IP
address from the same private network, and these addresses together form the endpoints of the tunnel.
 Remote Gateway, the public facing WAN IP address that the local gateway is going to connect to.
 Optionally, you might also want to enable the tunnel Keep Alive feature to monitor the status of a tunnel and more
accurately determine if the tunnel is alive or not.
Click Add to configure a new GRE tunnel.
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Page 1: General
Tunnel Name: Choose a name that is meaningful to you.
Local Network: This is the local side of the ―Glue
Network,‖ a network created by the administrator to form
the tunnel. The user creates the IP address inputted here.
It must be different from the IP addresses of the networks
it is gluing together.
Choose any private IP address from the following three
ranges that doesn‘t match either network:
 10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255
 172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255
 192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255
Remote Network: This is the remote side of the ―Glue
Network.‖ Again, the user must create an IP address that
is distinct from the IP addresses of the networks that are
being glued together.
The Remote Network and Local Network values will be
flipped when inputted for the other side of the tunnel
configuration.
Subnet Mask: This is the subnet mask for the Glue
Network. The Local and Remote Network addresses must
fit with this mask. 255.255.255.0 is a logical choice for
most users.
Remote Gateway: This is the public facing, WAN-side IP address of the network that the local gateway is going to
connect to.
Tunnel Enabled: Select to activate the tunnel.
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Keep Alive: This feature monitors the status of a tunnel. This will more accurately determine if the tunnel is alive or not.
Choose the length of time in seconds of the Rate for each check (Default: 10 seconds. Range: 2 – 3600 seconds) and the
number of Retry attempts (Default: 3. Range: 1 – 255).
Page 2: Routes
Adding routes allows you to configure what types of
network traffic from the local host or hosts will be allowed
through the tunnel.
Click Add Route to configure a new route. You will need
to input the following information, defined by the remote
network:


Network Address
Netmask: (Default: 255.255.255.0)
You can set the tunnel to connect to a range of IP
addresses or to a single IP address. For example, you
could input 192.168.0.0 and 255.255.255.0 to connect
your tunnel to all the addresses of the remote network in
the 192.168.0.x range. Alternatively, you could select a
single address by inputting that address along with a
Netmask of 255.255.255.255.
Click Save to record each new route.
When you have finished adding routes, click Finish to save your GRE tunnel configuration.
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7.3.1
Global GRE Settings
GRE will use the primary WAN for connection, which will allow it to failover to other WANs as needed. If GRE needs to be
tied to a particular WAN, it can be done by deselecting the box and selecting the appropriate WAN.
Use Primary WAN: (Default: Selected.) Deselect to open further options.
WAN Binding Type: You have several options for specifying the type of WAN interface(s) you want associated with GRE
Tunnels. Designate the interface(s) by Port, Manufacturer, Model, Type, Serial Number, MAC Address, or Unique ID.
This selection will create a dropdown list of options to complete a sentence with the following form: ―When ____ is ____,‖
such as, ―When Port is Blue Ethernet.‖ You also have the option to replace ―is‖ with ―isn‘t,‖ ―starts with,‖ ―ends with,‖ or
―contains.‖

Port: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN ports on the router.
o Blue Ethernet
o Orange Ethernet 1
o Orange Ethernet 2
o Orange Ethernet 3
o Orange Ethernet 4
o USB 1
o USB 2
o USB 3
o ExpressPort 1
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





o ExpressPort 2
Manufacturer: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Model: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Type: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN types.
o WiMAX
o Modem
o LTE
o Ethernet
o Wireless As WAN
Serial Number: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
MAC Address: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Unique ID: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
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7.4 VPN Tunnels
VPN (virtual private network) tunnels are
used to establish a secure connection to a
remote network over a public network. For
example, VPN tunnels can be used across
the Internet by an individual to connect to an
office network while traveling or by two office
networks to function as one network. The
two networks set up a secure connection
across the (normally) unsecure Internet by assigning VPN encryption protocols.
The MBR1400 uses IPsec (Internet Protocol security) to authenticate and encrypt packets exchanged across the tunnel.
To set up a VPN tunnel with the MBR1400 on one end, there must be another device (usually a router) that also supports
IPsec on the other end.
IKE (Internet Key Exchange) is the security protocol in IPsec. IKE has two phases, Phase 1 and Phase 2. The MBR1400
has several different security protocol options for each phase, but the default selections will be sufficient for most users.
The VPN tunnel status page allows you to view the state of the VPN tunnels. If a tunnel fails to connect to the remote site,
check the System Logs for more information. You may double click on a cell to directly edit that information.
Click Add to configure a new VPN tunnel.
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7.4.1 Page 1: General
Tunnel Name: Choose a name meaningful to you.
Anonymous: Select to allow remote connections from any IP
address.
Local Identity: Specifies the identifier sent to the remote host
during phase 1 negotiation. If left blank it will default to the IP
address of the WAN connection. Currently we only support
identifiers in the form of an IP address, a user-fully qualified
domain name (user@mydomain.com) or just a fully qualified
domain name (www.mydomain.com). If the remote side of the
tunnel is configured to expect an identifier, then both must
match in order for the negotiation to succeed. If NAT-T is being
used, a single word (instead of an address) can be used if a
DynDNS connection is not being used.
Remote Identity: Specifies the identifier we expect to receive
from the remote host during phase 1 negotiation. If no identifier
is defined then no verification of the remote peer's identification
will be done. Currently we only support identifiers in the form of
an IP address, a user-fully qualified domain name
(user@mydomain.com) or just a fully qualified domain name
(www.mydomain.com). If left blank we will default to the IP
address of the WAN connection. If NAT-T is being used, a single
word (instead of an address) can be used if a DynDNS
connection is not being used.
Pre-shared Key: Create a password or key. The routers on both sides of the tunnel must use this same key.
Mode: Tunnel or Transport. Tunnel Mode is used for protecting traffic between different networks, when traffic must
pass through an intermediate, untrusted network. Transport Mode is used for end-to-end communications (for example,
for communications between a client and a server).
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Initiation Mode: ―Always On” or ―On Demand.‖ ―Always On‖ is used if you want the tunnel to initiate the tunnel
connection whenever the WAN becomes available. Select On Demand if you want the tunnel to initiate a connection if
and only if there is data traffic bound for the remote side of the tunnel.
Tunnel Enabled: Enabled or Disabled.
MBR1200 Quick Connect: VPN tunnels in the MBR1400 have more choices than they do in the MBR1200, so it is more
complex to configure. Check this box to simplify setup by streamlining your options.
Page 2-3: Local and Remote
Networks
Local Network: The Network Address and
the Netmask define what local devices have
access to or can be accessed from the VPN
tunnel. The MBR1400 will automatically fill in
the values for your network, but you can
change the values to limit the tunnel to only
some of the devices in your network.
7.4.2
NOTE: The local network IP address must be
different from the remote network IP address.
Remote Network: Enter the remote
Gateway's IP address or fully qualified
domain name (my.domain.com). It is
recommended you use a dynamic DNS host
name instead of the static IP address. By using the dynamic DNS host name updates of the remote WAN IP are
compensated for while connecting to a VPN tunnel.
Enter the Network IP address with the Subnet Mask to define the remote network subnet that the local devices will have
access to.
NOTE: The remote network IP address must be different from the local network IP address.
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7.4.3
Page 3: IKE Phase 1
IKE security has two phases, Phase 1 and Phase 2. You have the ability to distinctly configure each phase, but the default
settings will be sufficient for most users.
To set up a tunnel with a remote site, you need to match your tunnel's IKE negotiation parameters with the remote site. By
selecting several encryption, hash, and DH group options, you
improve your chances for a successful tunnel negotiation. For
greatest compatibility, select all options; for greatest security,
select only the most secure options that your devices support.
Exchange Mode: The IKE protocol has 2 modes of negotiating
phase 1 - Main (also called Identity Protection) and Aggressive.
 In Main mode, IKE separates the key information from
the identities, allowing for the identities of peers to be
secure at the expense of extra packet exchanges.
 In Aggressive mode, IKE tries to combine as much
information into fewer packets while maintaining security.
Aggressive mode is slightly faster but less secure.
Because it has better security, Main mode is recommended for
most users.
Key Lifetime: The lifetime of the generated keys of Phase 1 of
the IPsec negotiation from IKE. After the time has expired, IKE
will renegotiate a new set of Phase 1 keys.
Encryption, Hash, and DH Groups: Each IKE exchange uses
one encryption algorithm, one hash function, and one DH group
to make a secure exchange.
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


Encryption: Used to encrypt messages sent and received by IPsec.
o AES 128
o AES 256
o Blowfish
o CAST
o DES
o 3DES
Hash: Used to compare, authenticate, and validate that data across the VPN arrives in its intended form and to
derive keys used by IPsec.
o MD5
o SHA1
o SHA2 256
o SHA2 384
o SHA2 512
DH Groups: The DH (Diffie-Hellman) Group is a property of IKE and is used to determine the length of prime
numbers associated with key generation. The strength of the key generated is partially determined by the strength
of the DH Group. Group 5, for instance, has greater strength than Group 2.
o DH group 1: 768-bit key.
o DH group 2: 1024-bit key.
o DH group 5: 1536-bit key.
In Phase 1, only one DH group can be selected while using Aggressive exchange mode.
By default, all the algorithms (encryption, hash, and DH groups) supported by the MBR1400 are checked, which means
they are allowed for any given exchange. Deselect these options to limit which algorithms will be accepted. Be sure to
check that the router (or similar device) at the other end of the tunnel has matching algorithms.
The algorithms are listed in order by priority. You can reorder this priority list by clicking and dragging algorithms up or
down. Any selected algorithm may be used for IKE exchange, but the algorithms on the top of the list are more likely to be
used more often.
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7.4.4
Page 4: IKE Phase 2
Perfect Forward Secrecy (PFS): Enabling this feature will
require IKE to generate a new set of keys in Phase 2 rather than
using the same key generated in Phase 1.
Additionally, the new keys generated in Phase 2 (with this option
enabled) are exchanged in an encrypted session. Enabling this
feature affords the policy greater security.
Key Lifetime: The lifetime of the generated keys of Phase 2 of
the IPsec negotiation from IKE. After the time has expired, IKE
will renegotiate a new set of Phase 2 keys.
Phase 2 has the same selection of Encryption, Hash, and DH
Groups as Phase 1, but you are restricted to only one DH
Group. Phase 2 and Phase 1 selections do not have to match.
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7.4.5
Page 5: Dead Peer Detection
Dead Peer Detection (DPD) defines how the router will detect
when one end of the IPsec session loses connection while a
policy is in use.
Connection Idle Time allows you to configure how long the
router will allow an IPsec session to be idle before beginning to
send Dead Peer Detection (DPD) packets to the peer machine.
Request Frequency allows you to adjust the delay between
these DPD packets to send as quickly as every 2 seconds up to
30 seconds apart.
Additionally, you can specify how many Maximum Requests to
send at the selected time interval before the tunnel is considered
dead.
You must click Finish to save your VPN tunnel.
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7.4.6 Page 6: Tunnel Summary
The final page of the tunnel configuration interface is a summary of the tunnel specifications. This is especially helpful for
matching this information with the router (or similar device) at the other end of the tunnel.










Tunnel Name
Mode
Initiation Mode
Pre-shared Key
Local Network
Remote Gateway
Remote Network
IKE Phase 1:
o Exchange Mode
o Key Lifetime (Secs)
o Encryption
o Hash
o DH Groups
IKE Phase 2:
o PFS
o Key Lifetime (Secs)
o Encryption
o Hash
o DH Groups
DPD
Click Yes at the bottom of the Tunnel Summary page to save
your configuration changes. This will cause active tunnels to
restart.
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7.4.7
Global VPN Settings
These settings apply to all configured VPN tunnels.
Use Primary WAN: (Default: Selected.) Deselect to open options for specifying the WAN type. By default, VPN will use
the primary WAN for connection, which will allow it to failover to other WANs as needed. If VPN needs to be tied to a
particular WAN, deselect the box and selecting the appropriate WAN.
WAN Binding Type: This is only available when ―Use Primary WAN‖ is deselected. You have several options for
specifying the type of WAN interface(s) you want associated with VPN Tunnels. Designate the interface(s) by Port,
Manufacturer, Model, Type, Serial Number, MAC Address, or Unique ID. This selection will create a dropdown list of
options to complete a sentence with the following form: ―When ____ is ____,‖ such as, ―When Port is Blue Ethernet.‖ You
also have the option to replace ―is‖ with ―isn‘t,‖ ―starts with,‖ ―ends with,‖ or ―contains.‖

Port: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN ports on the router.
o Blue Ethernet
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





o Orange Ethernet 1
o Orange Ethernet 2
o Orange Ethernet 3
o Orange Ethernet 4
o USB 1
o USB 2
o USB 3
o ExpressPort 1
o ExpressPort 2
Manufacturer: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Model: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Type: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN types.
o WiMAX
o Modem
o LTE
o Ethernet
o Wireless As WAN
Serial Number: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
MAC Address: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Unique ID: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
IKE / ISAKMP Port: Internet Key Exchange / Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol port. Default:
500. This is a standard VPN port that usually does not need to be changed.
IKE / ISAKMP NAT-T Port: Internet Key Exchange / Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol network
address translation traversal port. Default: 4500. This is a standard VPN NAT-T port that usually does not need to be
changed.
NAT-T KeepAlive Interval: Default: 20 seconds. Range: 0-3600 seconds. 20 seconds will be sufficient in almost all
cases.
Tunnel Connect Retry: Default: 30 seconds. Range: 10-255 seconds. 30 seconds will be sufficient in almost all cases.
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7.4.8
VPN with NAT-T
If one side of a planned VPN tunnel is behind a NAT (network address translation) firewall, the setup of your tunnel
requires the following specifications:
1. Each side of the tunnel must use both a Local Identity and a Remote Identity. These must match the identities on
the other side: The Local Identity must match the Remote Identity on the other side of the tunnel, and vice versa. In
this case, these identities can each be a simple word.
2. The Tunnel Name for the side of the tunnel that is not behind the NAT firewall must be ―anonymous‖.
3. The VPN tunnel must be initiated from the side that is behind the NAT firewall.
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7.5 WiFi as WAN / Bridge
WiFi as WAN uses another WiFi network as its Internet source and then rebroadcasts its own local network. For example,
the MBR1400 can create a private LAN using the public WiFi from a hotel as its WAN. WiFi Bridge functions similarly, but
it rebroadcasts the original network. In other words, the router passes on the same settings and addresses already set up
by the original NAT. The WiFi as WAN and WiFi Bridge features cannot both be used at the same time.
When either WiFi as WAN or WiFi Bridge is enabled, the MBR1400 will find other WiFi networks that you can select and
connect to. Unless a selected WiFi source is on an unprotected network, you will need to know its password or key.
All CradlePoint routers and some other routers use the same default IP address for the primary network, 192.168.0.1. If
you attempt to set up WiFi as WAN and there is an ―IP conflict,‖ you need to change the IP address. The router is
attempting to use the same IP address for both WAN and LAN, which is impossible. Go to Network Settings → WiFi /
Local Networks. Select the network and click Edit. You can change the IP address under IP Settings. For example, you
might change 192.168.0.1 to 192.168.1.1.
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7.5.1
WiFi Bridge
When in WiFi Bridge mode with a configured profile, a WiFi Bridge device will be added to the local network interfaces,
providing a way to bridge two LANs over a WiFi connection. For example, two separate CradlePoint routers linked through
WiFi Bridge mode allows you to have one WiFi-connected network in two separated sections of a large office building.
This eliminates the need for extensive Ethernet cords to link the two routers, while allowing the full functionality of having
one network.
A router that is using Bridge mode passes network information through from the partner access point, so typically DHCP
and NAT should be disabled. The router will connect to the remote WiFi access point and enable the bridging of two LAN
networks together over WiFi.
Under Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks, choose the Local IP Network you want to attach this LAN interface
to. Edit that Network, and under the "Interfaces" tab you will be able to see your WiFi Bridge profiles as "Available"
interfaces.
NOTE: The LAN IP address of this router and the attached WiFi access point cannot be the same address.
To set up WiFi Bridge, follow these steps:
1) In Internet → WiFi as WAN / Bridge under WiFi Client Mode, click on ―WiFi Bridge‖ to enable this mode.
2) Your bridge network must be enabled under Saved Profiles. Either import the desired network from Site Survey
or click Add to configure it.
3) Once WiFi Bridge is enabled and a bridge network is configured in Saved Profiles, go to Network Settings →
WiFi / Local Networks and select a network from the Local IP Networks list. Click on Edit to open the Local
Network Editor and find the Interfaces tab. Your configured bridge network should be listed in the ―Available‖
section. Add this interface to your chosen network.
4) You need to turn off the DHCP Server. If you click Submit after attaching the WiFi bridge interface, a window will
pop up asking you if you want to turn off the DHCP Server. You can also do this manually: click on the DHCP
Server tab while still under Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks in the Local Network Editor. Deselect
―DCHP Server‖ to disable it.
5) Optional: Also under Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks in the Local Network Editor, click on the IP
Settings tab. Change the Routing Mode to ―Disabled.‖ Changing the routing mode may improve security. You
may also need to change the IP address to prevent IP conflict. Click Submit to save your configuration.
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7.5.2
Saved Profiles
This is a list of WiFi networks that have
already been configured as WAN sources
(or Bridge profiles). The router will attempt to
connect to any of these access points using
the password you have configured. If more
than one access point is in range, then the
router will connect with the highest priority
network.
Network: The name (SSID, or Service Set Identifier) that is broadcast by the access point.
BSSID: The numeric ID of the network (Basic Service Set Identifier). This parameter is required when trying to connect to
a hidden network using WiFi as WAN. It is optional when connecting to a visible network. If it is set in a profile, both the
SSID and BSSID must match to connect to an access point. If the BSSID is not set in a profile, then the router will connect
to any access point that matches the given SSID.
Auth Mode: The type of encryption that is used by the network.







None
WEP Auto
WEP Open
WEP Shared
WPA1 Personal
WPA2 Personal
WPA1 & WPA2 Personal
7.5.3 Site Survey
This is a list of WiFi networks that the router can currently find, along with information about the network such as its mode
and channel. If you click on a network in the Site Survey, you can import it as a saved profile. You can sort the list based
on any of the fields by clicking on the field name.
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Click ―Refresh‖ if a WiFi network to which you
want to connect is invisible. Site Survey only
operates on the band—2.4 GHz or 5.0 GHz—that
is currently configured in the WiFi advanced
settings. In order to connect to networks in a
different band, first switch the WiFi settings to
that band (Network Settings → WiFi / Local
Networks in Advanced Mode).
You have the option to manually add network
profiles, but it is usually much easier to import
them from Site Survey. Either click on Add
under ―Saved Profiles‖ or select a WiFi network in ―Site Survey‖ and click Import.
If you import a network from Site Survey, most of the information about the network will already be completed. You need
to input the password (if there is one) and then click submit to save the WiFi as WAN profile.
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7.5.4
Wireless Scan Settings
Scan Interval: How often WiFi as WAN scans the environment for updates. (Default: 60 seconds. Range: 5-3600
seconds.)
Scan While Connected: Continue to scan for WiFi as WAN profile updates when connected. Each time a scan occurs
the wireless communication of the router will be temporarily interrupted. Normally this should be disabled.
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7.6 WAN Affinity
WAN Affinity rules allow you to manage traffic in
your network so that particular bandwidth uses are
associated with particular WAN sources. This
allows you to prioritize bandwidth.
EXAMPLE: You could specify that your guest LAN is
only associated with your Ethernet connection with no
failover. Then if your Ethernet connection goes down
and you have a USB modem for failover for your primary
LAN, your guest LAN will not take bandwidth from your
primary LAN, saving you money.
Click ―Add‖ to open the WAN Affinity Policy Editor
and create a new WAN Affinity rule.
Name: Give a name for your rule that is meaningful
to you.
Protocol: Select from the dropdown list to specify
the protocol for a particular data use. Otherwise,
leave ―Any‖ selected.







Any
ICMP
TCP
UDP
GRE
ESP
SCTP
Source IP Address, Source Netmask, Destination IP Address, and Destination Netmask: Specify an IP address or
range of IP addresses by combining an IP address with a netmask for either ―source‖ or ―destination‖ (or both). Source vs.
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destination is defined by traffic flow. Leave these blank to include all IP addresses (such as if your rule is defined by a
particular port instead).
EXAMPLE: If you want to associate this rule with your guest LAN, you could input the IP address and netmask for the guest LAN
here (leaving the last slot ―0‖ to allow for any user attached to the guest network):
 Source IP Address: 192.168.10.0
 Source Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Destination Port(s): Enter a port number between 1 and 65535. To enter a single port number, input the number into the
left box. To enter a range of ports, fill in both boxes separated by the colon. For example "80:90" would represent all ports
between 80 and 90 including 80 and 90 themselves.
Failover: (Default: Selected.) When this is selected and traffic from the chosen WAN device for this rule is interrupted, the
router will fail over to another available WAN device. Deselect this option to restrict this traffic to only the selected WAN
interface.
WAN Binding Type: You have several options for specifying the type of WAN interface(s) you want associated with your
rule. Designate the interface(s) by Port, Manufacturer, Model, Type, Serial Number, MAC Address, or Unique ID. This
selection will create a dropdown list of options to complete a sentence with the following form: ―When ____ is ____,‖ such
as, ―When Port is Blue Ethernet.‖ You also have the option to replace ―is‖ with ―isn‘t,‖ ―starts with,‖ ―ends with,‖ or
―contains.‖


Port: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN ports on the router.
o Blue Ethernet
o Orange Ethernet 1
o Orange Ethernet 2
o Orange Ethernet 3
o Orange Ethernet 4
o USB 1
o USB 2
o USB 3
o ExpressPort 1
o ExpressPort 2
Manufacturer: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
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




Model: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Type: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN types.
o WiMAX
o Modem
o LTE
o Ethernet
o Wireless As WAN
Serial Number: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
MAC Address: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Unique ID: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
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8 SYSTEM SETTINGS
The System Settings tab has 7 submenu items that provide access to tools for broad administrative control of the
MBR1400:







Administration
Device Alerts
Hotspot Services
Managed Services
Serial Redirector
System Control
System Software
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8.1 Administration
Select the Administration submenu item in order to control any of the following functions:






8.1.1
Router Security
System Clock
Local Management
Remote Management
GPS
System Logging
Router Security
Advanced Security Mode: When the router is configured to use the advanced security mode, several aspects of the
router‘s configuration and networking functionality will be extended to support high security environments. This includes
support for multiple user accounts, increased password security, and additional network spoofing filters. If you plan to use
your router in a PCI DSS compliant environment this option is mandatory.
Admin Password: Enter a password for the administrator who will have full access to the router's management interface.
You can use the default password on the back of your product, or you can create a custom Administrator Password.
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8.1.2
System Clock
Enabling NTP will tell the router to get its system time from a remote server on the Internet. If you do not enable NTP then
the router time will be based on when the router firmware was built, which is guaranteed to be wrong. Whenever the
Internet connection is re-established and once a week thereafter the router will ask the server for the current time so it can
correct itself.
You then have the option of selecting an NTP server and adjusting the NTP server port. Select the NTP server from the
dropdown list. Any of the given NTP servers will be sufficient unless, for example, you need to synchronize your router‘s
time with other devices in a network.
Time Zone: Select from a dropdown list. Setting your Time Zone is required to properly show time in your router log.
Daylight Savings Time: Select this checkbox if your location observes daylight savings time.
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8.1.3
Local Management
Enable Internet Bounce Pages: Bounce pages show up in your web browser when the router is not connected to the
Internet. They inform you that you are not connected and try to explain why. If you disable bounce pages then you will just
get the usual browser timeout. In the normal case when the router is connected to the Internet you don't see them at all.
Local Domain: The local domain is used as the suffix for DNS entries of local hosts. This is tied to the hostnames of
DHCP clients as DHCP_HOSTNAME.LOCAL_DOMAIN.
System Identifier: This is a customizable identity that will be used in router reporting and alerting. The default value is the
MAC address of the router.
Require HTTPS Connection: Check this box if you want to encrypt all router administration communication.
Secure HTTPS Port: Enter the port number you want to use. The default is 443.
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8.1.4
Remote Management
Allows a user to enable incoming WAN pings or to change settings for the router from the Internet using the router's
Internet address.
Allow WAN pings: When enabled the functionality allows an external WAN client to ping the router.
Allow Remote Web Administration: When remote administration is enabled it allows access to these administration web
pages from the Internet. With it disabled, you must be a client on the local network to access the administration website.
For security, remote access is usually done via a non-standard http port. Additionally, encrypted connections can be
required for an added level of security.



Require HTTPS Connection: Requiring a secure (https) connection is recommended.
HTTP Port: Default: 8080. This option is disabled if you select ―Require Secure Connection‖.
Secure HTTPS Port: Default: 8443.
Enable SSH Server: When the router's SSH server is enabled you may access the router's command line interface (CLI)
using the standards based SSH protocol. Use the username "admin" and the standard system password to login.


SSH Server Port: Default: 22.
Allow Remote SSH Access: Only enable this option if instructed by a CradlePoint support agent.
NOTE: You can restrict remote access to only specified IP addresses in Network Settings → Firewall under Remote Administration Access
Control.
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8.1.5
GPS
If you have an attached device with GPS support, you can enable a graphical view of your router‘s location which will
appear in Status → GPS.
Users can configure GPS NMEA GGA format sentence reporting, available through a router-based server and/or a remote
server.
NOTE: Some carriers disable GPS support in otherwise supported modems. If you encounter issues with obtaining a fix, contact your carrier and
ensure that GPS is supported.




Enable GPS support: Enables support for querying GPS information from supported modems.
Enable GPS server on WAN: Enables a TCP server on the WAN side of the firewall, which will periodically send
GPS NMEA sentences to connected clients.
Enable GPS server on LAN: Enables a TCP server on the LAN side of the firewall, which will periodically send
GPS NMEA sentences to connected clients.
o GPS server port number
Enable GPS reporting to remote server: Enables periodic reporting of GPS NMEA sentences to a remote server.
The router will buffer NMEA data if errors are encountered or if the Internet connection goes down and send the
buffered sentences when the connection is restored.
o Remote server hostname or IP
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o Remote server port
o Report only over specific time interval: Restricts the NMEA sentence reporting to a remote server to a
specific time interval.
The following GPS spec is copied from http://aprs.gids.nl/nmea/
8.1.6
$GPGGA – Global Positioning System Fix Data
Name
Example Data
Description
Sentence Identifier
$GPGGA
Global Positioning System Fix Data
Time
170834
17:08:34 Z
Latitude
4124.8963, N
41d 24.8963' N or 41d 24' 54" N
Longitude
08151.6838, W 81d 51.6838' W or 81d 51' 41" W
Fix Quality:
- 0 = Invalid
- 1 = GPS fix
- 2 = DGPS fix
1
Data is from a GPS fix
Number of Satellites
05
5 Satellites are in view
Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP) 1.5
Relative accuracy of horizontal position
Altitude
280.2 meters above mean sea level
280.2, M
Height of geoid above WGS84 ellipsoid -34.0, M
-34.0 meters
Time since last DGPS update
blank
No last update
DGPS reference station id
blank
No station id
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Checksum
*75
Used by program to check for transmission errors
Courtesy of Brian McClure, N8PQI.
Global Positioning System Fix Data. Time, position, and fix related data for a GPS receiver.
eg2. $--GGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x,xx,x.x,x.x,M,x.x,M,x.x,xxxx
hhmmss.ss = UTC of position
llll.ll = latitude of position
a = N or S
yyyyy.yy = Longitude of position
a = E or W
x = GPS Quality indicator (0=no fix, 1=GPS fix, 2=Dif. GPS fix)
xx = number of satellites in use
x.x = horizontal dilution of precision
x.x = Antenna altitude above mean-sea-level
M = units of antenna altitude, meters
x.x = Geoidal separation
M = units of geoidal separation, meters
x.x = Age of Differential GPS data (seconds)
xxxx = Differential reference station ID
eg3. $GPGGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x,xx,x.x,x.x,M,x.x,M,x.x,xxxx*hh
1
2
3
4
5
= UTC of Position
= Latitude
= N or S
= Longitude
= E or W
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6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
= GPS quality indicator (0=invalid; 1=GPS fix; 2=Diff. GPS fix)
= Number of satellites in use [not those in view]
= Horizontal dilution of position
= Antenna altitude above/below mean sea level (geoid)
= Meters (Antenna height unit)
= Geoidal separation (Diff. between WGS-84 earth ellipsoid and mean sea level. -=geoid is below WGS-84 ellipsoid)
= Meters (Units of geoidal separation)
= Age in seconds since last update from diff. reference station
= Diff. reference station ID#
= Checksum
8.1.7
System Logging
Enable Logging to a Syslog Server: Enabling this option will send log messages to a specified Syslog server. After
enabling, type the Hostname or IP address of the Syslog server (or select from the dropdown menu).
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Syslog Server Address: Select the Hostname or IP address from the dropdown menu, or type this in manually.
Include System ID: This option will include the router‘s "System ID" at the beginning of every log message. This is often
useful when a single remote Syslog server is handling logs for several routers.
Include UTF8 Byte Order Mark: The log message is sent using UTF-8 encoding. By default the router will attach the
Unicode Byte Order Mark (BOM) to the Syslog message in compliance with the Syslog protocol, RFC5424. Some Syslog
servers may not fully support RFC5424 and will treat the BOM as ASCII text, which will appear as garbled characters in
the log. If this occurs, disable this option.
Log to attached USB stick: Only enable this option if instructed by a CradlePoint support agent. This will write a very
verbose log file to the root level of an attached USB stick. Please disable the feature before removing the USB stick, or
you may lose some logging data.
Verbose modem logging: Only enable this option if instructed by a CradlePoint support agent.
Create support log: This functionality allows for a quick collection of system logging. Create this log file when instructed
by a CradlePoint support agent.
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8.2 Device Alerts
The Device Alerts submenu choice allows you to
receive email notifications of specific system events.
YOU MUST ENABLE AN SMTP EMAIL SERVER
TO RECEIVE ALERTS. Alerts can be included for
the following:







Firmware Upgrade Available: A firmware
update is available for this device.
System Reboot Occurred: This router has
rebooted. This depends on NTP being
enabled and available to report the correct
time.
WAN Device Status Change: An attached WAN device has changed status. The possible statuses are plugged,
unplugged, connected, and disconnected.
Configuration Change: A change to the router configuration.
Login Failure: A failed login attempt has been detected.
Full System Log: The system log has filled. This alert contains the contents of the system log.
Recurring System Log: The system log is sent periodically. This alert contains all of the system events since the
last recurring alert. It can be scheduled for daily, weekly and monthly reports. You also choose the time you want
the Alert sent.
8.2.1 SMTP Mail Server
Since the MBR1400 does not have its own email server, to receive alerts you must enable an SMTP server. This is
possible through most email services (Gmail, Yahoo, etc.)
Each SMTP server will have different specifications for setup, so you have to look those up separately. The following is an
example using Gmail:
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






Server Address: smtp.gmail.com
Server Port: 587 (for TLS, or
Transport Layer Security port; the
MBR1400 does not support SSL).
Authentication Required: For
Gmail, mark this checkbox.
User Name: Your full email
address
Password: Your Gmail password
From Address: Your email
address
To Address: Your email address
Once you have filled in the information for
the SMTP server, click on the ―Verify
SMTP Settings‖ button. You should receive a test email at your account.
Advanced: Delivery Options
Email Subject Prefix: This optional string
is prefixed to the alert subject. It can be
customized to help you identify alerts
from specific routers.
Retry Attempts: The number of attempts made to send an
alert to the mail server. After the attempts are exhausted,
the alert is discarded.
Retry Delay: The delay between retry attempts.
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8.3 Hotspot Services
Any of your networks can be enabled as a hotspot. To enable a hotspot, you need to select a network and set it as a
hotspot in Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
NOTE: Although any network can be a hotspot, the MBR1400 allows only one hotspot.
Hotspot Mode: Choose from the following dropdown options:
 Simple: Allows ―Terms of Use‖ page and timeout settings controlled within the router.
 RADIUS/UAM: Allows you to set up external authentication servers.
Local IP Network: A single LAN Group—including both WiFi and Ethernet—can be configured as your hotspot. If you do
not already have a LAN Group configured as a hotspot, go to the WiFi / Local Networks page (you can click Configure to
link to this page) and set the Routing Mode to "Hotspot" for the LAN Group you want to use.
NOTE: Routing Mode is in the Local Network Editor under the IP Settings tab. Select a network in Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks
and click Edit to open the Local Network Editor. The IP Settings tab will already be open: the Routing Mode dropdown menu is at the bottom.
Allow Service on 3G/4G Modems: Allows you to enable or disable hotspot access to the Internet over a modem. This is
often used if the router has a main wired link and a secondary modem for failover (typically with a more expensive/limited
data plan). Select this option if you want the router to allow data traffic over the modem if the wired connection goes down.
Disable Service if Ethernet Threshold is met: This will block Hotspot use of the WAN when the threshold is met. This
can be used if the router is being used as a backup failover connection to another router with a wired connection. If that
other router‘s wired connection goes down and it starts using this router for its primary connection, then disable Hotspot
use of the WAN connection. Set the limiting Rate (KB/s) and Time Period (seconds).
Redirect HTTPS Requests: This allows initial requests to HTTPS websites to be redirected appropriately.
Hotspot/UAM Authentication Port: Default: 8000. Type in a different port number, or use the slider to change the port.
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8.3.1
Simple Mode Settings
Display: This section allows you to choose if a "Terms of Use" page will be given to the user connecting to the hotspot.
 Internal Terms of Use. Fill in your own terms of use.
 External Terms of Use. Specify a URL that has the Terms of Use page. Users will automatically be directed to this
page.
 No Terms of Use. Redirect Only.
Redirection on Successful Authentication: Depending on your choice for the ―Terms of Use‖ page, your have further
options for where the user will be directed. After the user accepts the terms, you can either let him/her continue to the
URL they were trying to reach or you can force the user to go to a specified URL once before continuing on.
 To the URL the user intended to visit.
 To an administrator-defined URL.
Redirect URL: If you have chosen to send users to an administrator-defined URL, you will need to specify the address.
Session Timeout: (Default: 60 minutes.) The amount of time the user may use the router before being forced to
authenticate again.
Idle Timeout: (Default: 15 minutes.) If the user is idle for this amount of time, make them re-authenticate.
Bandwidth (upload): (Default: 512 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users uploading data through the hotspot.
Bandwidth (download): (Default: 1024 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users downloading data through the hotspot.
8.3.2
RADIUS/UAM Settings
This section allows you to configure a RADIUS and
Universal Access Method server. After the user
accepts the terms, you can either let him/her
continue to the URL they were trying to reach or
you can force the user to go to a specified UAM
Server or URL once before continuing on.
RADIUS settings:
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









Server Address 1: Assigned by RADIUS service.
Server Address 2: This is an optional backup server.
Authentication Port: The standard port number, 1812, will usually be sufficient.
Accounting Port: The standard port number, 1813, will usually be sufficient.
Shared Secret: Assigned by RADIUS service.
Redirection On Successful Authentication: Choose from the dropdown list of options for redirection:
o Redirect to the UAM Server.
o Redirect to the URL that the user intends to visit.
o Redirect to the following URL (input the desired URL).
Session Timeout: (Default: 60 minutes.) The amount of time the user may use the router before being forced to
authenticate again. This value can be overwritten by the RADIUS server.
Idle Timeout: (Default: 15 minutes.) If the user is idle for this amount of time, make them re-authenticate.
Bandwidth (upload): (Default: 512 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users uploading data through the hotspot.
Bandwidth (download): (Default: 1024 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users downloading data through the
hotspot.

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UAM Settings:



8.3.3
Login URL: Assigned by UAM service.
Shared Secret: Optional, depending on the
UAM service.
NAS/Gateway ID: Assigned by UAM
service.
Allowed Hosts Prior to Authentication
Adding host names to this list will allow access
from your network to any external domain or
website prior to being authenticated. For example,
a hotel might allow access to its own website prior
to authentication.
Click Add to enter new hostnames you wish to
allow.
Enter the Host or Domain Name of the website you
wish to allow, i.e. www.company.com or
company.com. To allow all domain and subdomain options, use a wildcard, i.e.
*.company.com.
Click Submit to save your additions.
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8.4 Managed Services ASK YOUR CRADLEPOINT SALES REPRESENTATIVE FOR DETAILS
Managed Services allow you to centralize your router configuration using the WiPipe Central server. WiPipe Central
services must be purchased separately.
Enable Services: Enables the WiPipe
Central client to contact the server.
Ethernet Communication Only: Select
this to ensure that the WiPipe Central
client will not start unless the WAN is
Ethernet.
Registration URL: Register your router using the code provided by CradlePoint when you purchase WiPipe Central.
8.4.1
SNMP Configuration
SNMP, or Simple Network Management
Protocol, is an Internet standard protocol
for remote management. You might use
this instead of WiPipe Central if you want
to remotely manage a set of routers that
include both CradlePoint and nonCradlePoint products.
Enable SNMP: Selecting ―Enable SNMP‖
will reveal the router‘s SNMP
configuration options.
Enable SNMP on LAN: Enabling SNMP
on LAN will make SNMP services
available on the LAN networks provided
by this router. SNMP will not be available
on guest or virtual networks that do not
have administrative access.
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LAN port #: Use the LAN port # field to configure the LAN port number you wish to access SNMP services on. (Default:
161)
Enable SNMP on WAN: Enabling SNMP on WAN will make SNMP services available to the WAN interfaces of the router.
WAN port #: Use the WAN port # field to configure which publicly accessible port you wish to make SNMP services
available on. (Default: 161)
SNMPv1: SNMP version 1 is the most basic version of SNMP. SNMPv1 will configure the router to transmit with settings
compatible with SNMP version 1 protocols.
SNMPv2c: SNMP version 2c has the same features as v1 with some additional commands. SNMPv2c will configure the
router to use settings and data formatting compatible with SNMP version 2c.
SNMPv3: SNMP version 3 includes all prior features with security available. SNMPv3 is the most secure setting for
SNMP. If you wish to configure traps then you must use SNMP version 3.
Get community string: The ―Get community string‖ is used to read SNMP information from the router. This string is like a
password that is transmitted in regular text with no protection.
Set community string: The ―Set community string‖ is used when writing SNMP settings to the router. This string is like a
password. It is a good idea to make it different than the ―Get community string.‖
8.4.2
SNMPv3
If you select SNMPv3, you have several
additional configuration options for added
security.
Authentication type: Select the
authentication and encryption type that will
be used when connecting to the router from
the following dropdown list. These settings
must match the configuration used on any
SNMP clients.
 MD5 with no encryption
 SHA with no encryption
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



MD5 with DES encryption
SHA with DES encryption
MD5 with AES encryption
SHA with AES encryption
Username: Enter the Username configured on your SNMP host in the username field.
Password: Enter the Password for your SNMP host in the password and verify password fields. This password must be
at least 8 characters long.
Enable SNMP traps: Enabling traps will allow you to configure a destination server, community, and port for trap
notifications. Trap notifications are returned to the server with SNMPv1.
Trap community string: The trap notifications will be returned to the trap server using this SNMPv1 trap community
name.
Address for trap server: Enter the address of the host system that you want trap alerts sent to.
Trap server port #: Enter the port number that the remote host will be listening for trap alerts on. (Default: 162)
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8.5 Serial Redirector
Attach a USB serial device to establish a
serial link to a host port on the router. The
serial console support allows a USB-to-serial
connection to another router or similar
device. Through a telnet session over the
RS232 interface, you can monitor health,
pass data, or configure the attached device.
Enabled: Select to reveal serial
configuration options.
LAN: Enable serial redirector for LAN
connections.
Authenticated LAN: Enable serial redirector
for Authenticated LAN connections, you
must be logged into the router to use the
redirector.
WAN: Enable serial redirector for WAN
connections.
Server Port: Enter a port number for the redirector to use. (Default: 7218)
Baud Rate: Select from the dropdown list.







50
75
110
134
150
200
300
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






600
1200
1800
2400
4800
9600
19200
Byte Size: The number of bits in a byte. Select from: 5, 6, 7, and 8.
Parity: Change this value to enable parity bit checking. Select from the following dropdown options:





None: No parity checking. (Default)
Even: parity bit will always be even.
Odd: parity bit will always be odd.
Mark: parity bit will always be odd and always 1.
Space: parity bit will always be even and always 0.
Stop Bits: Number of bits to initiate the stop period. Select from these dropdown values: 1, 1.5, and 2.
Hardware (RTS/CTS): Use RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear To Send) to enable flow control.
Software (XON/XOFF): Use XON/XOFF to enable flow control.
Linefeeds: Select how you want linefeeds translated (CR = carriage return and LF = line feed).




Ignore
CR/LF
CR
LF
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8.6 System Control
Restore to Factory Defaults: This changes all
settings back to their default values.
Reboot The Device: This causes the router to
restart.
Advanced: System Automatic Reboot
and Ping Test
Scheduled Reboot: This causes the router to
restart at a user-determined time.
Watchdog Reboot: This causes the router to
automatically restart when it determines
unrecoverable error condition has occurred.
an
Ping Test: A simple test to check Internet
connectivity. Type the Hostname or IP address of
the computer you want to ping and press 'Enter' or
click the 'Ping' button.
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8.7 System Software
Firmware Upgrade allows the administrator to
load new firmware onto the router to add new
features or fix defects. If you are happy with the
operation of the router, you may not want to
upgrade just because a new version is available.
Check the firmware release notes for information
to decide if you should upgrade or not.
Current Firmware Version: Shows the number of
the current firmware and the date it was updated.
Available Firmware Version: If there is a new
firmware version available, this will list the version
number. Click ―Check Again‖ to have the router
check the newest firmware.
Factory Reset: Set default settings to match the
new firmware. This is safest, as settings may have changed. You should back up your current settings and restore them
after the new firmware is loaded.
Automatically check for new firmware: Check for an available firmware update once a day.
Automatic (Internet): Have the router download the file and perform the upgrade with no user interaction.
Manual Firmware Upload: Upload the router firmware from an attached computer.
8.7.1
System Config Save/Restore
Backup Current Settings: Click on ―Save to disk‖ to save your current settings to a file on a computer.
Restore Settings: Click on ―Upload from file‖ to restore your previous settings from a file on a computer.
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9 GLOSSARY
802.11
Alphanumeric
A family of specifications for wireless local area networks
(WLANs) developed by a working group of the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
Characters A-Z and 0-9.
Access Control List
ACL. This is a database of network devices that are
allowed to access resources on the network.
Access Point
AP. Device that allows wireless clients to connect to it
and access the network.
ActiveX
A Microsoft specification for the interaction of software
components.
Antenna
Used to transmit and receive RF signals.
AppleTalk
A set of Local Area Network protocols developed by
Apple for their computer systems.
AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol
AARP. Used to map the MAC addresses of Apple
computers to their AppleTalk network addresses, so that
conversions can be made in both directions.
Application layer
Peer-to-Peer network between wireless clients.
7th Layer of the OSI model. Provides services to
applications to ensure that they can communicate
properly with other applications on a network.
Address Resolution Protocol
ASCII
ARP. Used to map MAC addresses to IP addresses so
that conversions can be made in both directions.
ADSL
American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
This system of characters is most commonly used for text
files.
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line.
Attenuation
Advanced Encryption Standard
The loss in strength of digital and analog signals. The
loss is greater when the signal is being transmitted over
long distances.
Ad-hoc network
AES. Government encryption standard.
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Authentication
Bit rate
To provide credentials, like a Password, in order to verify
that the person or device is really who they are claiming
to be.
The amount of bits that pass in given amount of time.
Automatic Private IP Addressing
APIPA. An IP address that a Windows computer will
assign itself when it is configured to obtain an IP address
automatically but no DHCP server is available on the
network.
Backward Compatible
The ability for new devices to communicate and interact
with older legacy devices to guarantee interoperability.
Bandwidth
The maximum amount of bytes or bits per second that
can be transmitted to and from a network device.
Bit/sec
Bits per second.
BOOTP
Bootstrap Protocol. Allows for computers to be booted up
and given an IP address with no user intervention.
Bottleneck
A time during processes when something causes the
process to slowdown or stop all together.
Broadband
A wide band of frequencies available for transmitting
data.
Broadcast
Basic Input/Output System
Transmitting data in all directions at once.
BIOS. A program that the processor of a computer uses
to startup the system once it is turned on.
Browser
Baud
A program that allows you to access resources on the
web and provides them to you graphically.
Data transmission speed.
Cable modem
Beacon
A device that allows you to connect a computer up to a
coaxial cable and receive Internet access from your
Cable provider.
A data frame by which one of the stations in a WiFi
network periodically broadcasts network control data to
other wireless stations.
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CardBus
Data-Link layer
A newer version of the PC Card or PCMCIA interface. It
supports a 32- bit data path, DMA, and consumes less
voltage.
The second layer of the OSI model. Controls the
movement of data on the physical link of a network.
CAT 5
Category 5. Used for 10/100 Mbps or 1Gbps Ethernet
connections.
Organizes information so that it can be managed
updated, as well as easily accessed by users or
applications.
Client
DB-25
A program or user that requests data from a server.
A 25-pin male connector for attaching External modems
or RS-232 serial devices.
Collision
Database
When do two devices on the same Ethernet network try
and transmit data at the exact same time.
DB-9
Cookie
dBd
Information that is stored on the hard drive of your
computer that holds your preferences to the site that
gave your computer the cookie.
Decibels related to dipole antenna.
Data
Information that has been translated into binary so that it
can be processed or moved to another device.
A 9-pin connector for RS-232 connections
dBi
Decibels relative to isotropic radiator.
dBm
Decibels relative to one milliwatt.
Data Encryption Standard
Decrypt
Uses a randomly selected 56-bit key that must be known
by both the sender and the receiver when information is
exchanged.
To unscramble an encrypted message back into plain
text.
Default
A predetermined value or setting that is used by a
program when no user input has been entered for this
value or setting.
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Demilitarized zone
Download
DMZ: A single computer or group of computers that can
be accessed by both users on the Internet as well as
users on the Local Network, but that is not protected by
the same security as the Local Network.
To send a request from one computer to another and
have the file transmitted back to the requesting computer.
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol: Used to
automatically assign IP addresses from a predefined pool
of addresses to computers or devices that request them.
Digital certificate
An electronic method of providing credentials to a server
in order to have access to it or a network.
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
DSSS: Modulation technique used by 802.11b wireless
devices.
DMZ
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line. High
connection over telephone lines.
Internet
Duplex
Sending and Receiving data transmissions at the same
time.
Dynamic DNS service
Dynamic DNS is provided by companies to allow users
with Dynamic IP addresses to obtain a Domain Name
that will always be linked to their changing IP address.
The IP address is updated by either client software
running on a computer or by a router that supports
Dynamic DNS, whenever the IP address changes.
―Demilitarized Zone‖. A computer that logically sits in a
―no-mans-land‖ between the LAN and the WAN. The
DMZ computer trades some of the protection of the
router‘s security mechanisms for the convenience of
being directly addressable from the Internet.
Dynamic IP address
DNS
Extensible Authentication Protocol.
Domain Name System: Translates Domain Names to IP
addresses.
Email
Domain name
bandwidth
IP address that is assigned by a DHCP server and that
may change. Cable Internet providers usually use this
method to assign IP addresses to their customers.
EAP
Electronic Mail is a computer-stored message that is
transmitted over the Internet.
A name that is associated with an IP address.
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Encryption
Fragmentation
Converting data into cyphertext so that it cannot be easily
read.
Breaking up data into smaller pieces to make it easier to
store.
Ethernet
FTP
The most widely used technology for Local Area
Networks.
File Transfer Protocol. Easiest way to transfer files
between computers on the Internet.
Fiber optic
Full-duplex
A way of sending data through light impulses over glass
or plastic wire or fiber.
Sending and Receiving data at the same time.
File server
The amount an amplifier boosts the wireless signal.
A computer on a network that stores data so that the
other computers on the network can all access it.
Gateway
File sharing
Gain
A device that connects your network to another, like the
Internet.
Allowing data from computers on a network to be
accessed by other computers on the network with
different levels of access rights.
Gbps
Firewall
Gigabit Ethernet
A device that protects resources of the Local Area
Network from unauthorized users outside of the local
network.
Transmission technology that provides a data rate of 1
billion bits per second.
Firmware
Graphical user interface.
Programming that is inserted into a hardware device that
tells it how to function.
H.323
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Gigabits per second.
GUI
A standard that provides consistency of voice and video
transmissions and compatibility for video conferencing
devices.
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Half-duplex
IEEE
Data cannot be transmitted and received at the same
time.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Hashing
Transforming a string of characters into a shorter string
with a predefined length.
Internet Group Management Protocol is used to make
sure that computers can report their multicast group
membership to adjacent routers.
Hexadecimal
IIS
Characters 0-9 and A-F.
Internet Information Server is a WEB server and FTP
server provided by Microsoft.
Hop
The action of data packets being transmitted from one
router to another.
IGMP
IKE
Host
Internet Key Exchange is used to ensure security for
VPN connections.
Computer on a network.
Infrastructure
HTTP
In terms of a wireless network, this is when wireless
clients use an access point to gain access to the network.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol is used to transfer files from
HTTP servers (web servers) to HTTP clients (web
browsers).
HTTPS
HTTP over SSL is used to encrypt and decrypt HTTP
transmissions.
Hub
A networking device that connects multiple devices
together.
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol.
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Internet
A system of worldwide networks that use TCP/IP to allow
for resources to be accessed from computers around the
world.
Internet Explorer
A World Wide Web browser created and provided by
Microsoft.
Internet Protocol
The method of transferring data from one computer to
another on the Internet.
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Internet Protocol Security
Java
IPsec provides security at the packet processing layer of
network communication.
A programming language used to create programs and
applets for web pages.
Internet Service Provider
Kbps
An ISP provides access to the Internet to individuals or
companies.
Kilobits per second.
Intranet
Kilobyte.
A private network.
L2TP
Intrusion Detection
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol.
A type of security that scans a network to detect attacks
coming from inside and outside of the network.
LAN
IP
Kbyte
Local Area Network.
Latency
Internet Protocol.
IP address
A 32-bit number, when talking about Internet Protocol
Version 4, that identifies each computer that transmits
data on the Internet or on an intranet.
IPsec
Internet Protocol Security.
IPX
Internetwork Packet Exchange is a networking protocol
developed by Novell to enable their Netware clients and
servers to communicate.
The amount of time that it takes a packet to get from the
one point to another on a network. Also referred to as
delay.
LED
Light Emitting Diode.
Legacy
Older devices or technology.
Local Area Network
LAN. A group of computers in a building that usually
access files from a server.
ISP
Internet Service Provider.
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LPR/LPD
MPPE
―Line Printer Requestor‖/‖Line Printer Daemon‖. A
TCP/IP protocol for transmitting streams of printer data.
Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption is used to secure data
transmissions over PPTP connections.
MAC Address
MTU
A unique hardware ID assigned to every Ethernet
adapter by the manufacturer.
Mbps
Maximum Transmission Unit is the largest packet that
can be transmitted on a packet-based network like the
Internet.
Megabits per second.
Multicast
MDI
Sending data from one device to many devices on a
network.
Medium Dependent Interface is an Ethernet port for a
connection to a straight-through cable.
MDIX
Medium Dependent Interface Crossover is an Ethernet
port for a connection to a crossover cable.
MIB
NAT
Network Address Translation allows many private IP
addresses to connect to the Internet, or another network,
through one IP address.
NetBEUI
Management Information Base is a set of objects that
can be managed by using SNMP.
NetBIOS Extended User Interface is a Local Area
Network communication protocol. This is an updated
version of NetBIOS.
Modem
NetBIOS
A device that modulates digital signals from a computer
to an analog signal in order to transmit the signal over
phone lines. It also demodulates the analog signals
coming from the phone lines to digital signals for your
computer.
Network Basic Input/Output System.
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Netmask
Determines what portion of an IP address designates the
Network and which part designates the Host.
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Network Interface Card
NIC. A card installed in a computer or built onto the
motherboard that allows the computer to connect to a
network.
Network Layer
The third layer of the OSI model which handles the
routing of traffic on a network.
Network Time Protocol
Used to synchronize the time of all the computers in a
network.
NIC
routers in the network as opposed to sending the entire
routing table at a regular interval, which is how RIP
functions.
Password
A sequence of characters that is used to authenticate
requests to resources on a network.
Personal Area Network
The interconnection of networking devices within a range
of 10 meters.
Physical layer
Network Interface Card.
The first layer of the OSI model. Provides the hardware
means of transmitting electrical signals on a data carrier.
NTP
Ping
Network Time Protocol.
A utility program that verifies that a given Internet
address exists and can receive messages. The utility
sends a control packet to the given address and waits for
a response.
OFDM
Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing is the
modulation technique for both 802.11a and 802.11g.
OSI
Open Systems Interconnection is the reference model for
how data should travel between two devices on a
network.
PoE
Power over Ethernet is the means of transmitting
electricity over the unused pairs in a category 5 Ethernet
cable.
POP3
OSPF
Post Office Protocol 3 is used for receiving email.
Open Shortest Path First is a routing protocol that is used
more than RIP in larger scale networks because only
changes to the routing table are sent to all the other
Port
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A logical channel endpoint in a network. A computer
might have only one physical channel (its Ethernet
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channel) but can have multiple ports (logical channels)
each identified by a number.
PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol is used for two computers to
communicate with each over a serial interface, like a
phone line.
PPPoE
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet is used to connect
multiple computers to a remote server over Ethernet.
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol is used for creating
VPN tunnels over the Internet between two networks.
Preamble
Used to synchronize communication timing between
devices on a network.
Rendezvous
Apple‘s version of UPnP, which allows for devices on a
network to discover each other and be connected without
the need to configure any settings.
Repeater
Retransmits the signal of an access point in order to
extend its coverage.
RIP
Routing Information Protocol is used to synchronize the
routing table of all the routers on a network.
RJ-11
The most commonly used connection method for
telephones.
RJ-45
QoS
The most commonly used connection method for
Ethernet.
Quality of Service.
RS-232C
RADIUS
The interface for serial communication
computers and other related devices.
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service allows for
remote users to dial into a central server and be
authenticated in order to access resources on a network.
between
RSA
Algorithm used for encryption and authentication.
Reboot
Server
To restart a computer and reload its operating software
or firmware from nonvolatile storage.
A computer on a network that provides services and
resources to other computers on the network.
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Session key
SSH
An encryption and decryption key that is generated for
every communication session between two computers.
Secure Shell is a command line interface that allows for
secure connections to remote computers.
Session layer
SSID
The fifth layer of the OSI model which coordinates the
connection and communication between applications on
both ends.
Service Set Identifier is a name for a wireless network.
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
Used for sending and receiving email.
Simple Network Management Protocol
Governs the management and monitoring of network
devices.
SIP
Session Initiation Protocol. A standard protocol for
initiating a user session that involves multimedia content,
such as voice or chat.
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol.
SOHO
Small Office/Home Office.
SPI
Stateful Packet Inspection.
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Stateful Packet Inspection
A feature of a firewall that monitors outgoing and
incoming traffic to make sure that only valid responses to
outgoing requests are allowed to pass though the
firewall.
Subnet mask
Determines what portion of an IP address designates the
Network and which part designates the Host.
Syslog
System Logger -- a distributed logging interface for
collecting in one place the logs from different sources.
Originally written for UNIX, it is now available for other
operating systems, including Windows.
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol.
TCP Raw
A TCP/IP protocol for transmitting streams of printer data.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
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TFTP
Upload
Trivial File Transfer Protocol is a utility used for
transferring files that is simpler to use than FTP but with
less features.
To send a request from one computer to another and
have a file transmitted from the requesting computer to
the other.
Throughput
UPnP
The amount of data that can be transferred in a given
time period.
Universal Plug and Play.
Traceroute
Uniform Resource Locator is a unique address for files
accessible on the Internet.
A utility displays the routes between you computer and
specific destination.
URL
USB
UDP
Universal Serial Bus.
User Datagram Protocol.
UTP
Unicast
Unshielded Twisted Pair.
Communication between a single sender and receiver.
Virtual Private Network
Universal Plug and Play
VPN: A secure tunnel over the Internet to connect remote
offices or users to their company‘s network.
UPnP. A standard that allows network devices to
discover each other and configure themselves to be a
part of the network.
Update
To install a more recent version of a software or firmware
product.
Upgrade
To install a more recent version of a software or firmware
product.
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VLAN
Virtual LAN.
Voice over IP
Sending voice information over the Internet as opposed
to the PSTN
VoIP
Voice over IP.
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Wake on LAN
WiFi Protected Access
Allows you to power up a computer through it‘s Network
Interface Card.
An updated version of security for wireless networks that
provides authentication as well as encryption.
WAN
Wide Area Network
Wide Area Network.
The larger network that your LAN is connected to, which
may be the Internet itself, or a regional or corporate
network.
WCN
Windows Connect Now. A Microsoft method for
configuring and bootstrapping wireless networking
hardware (access points) and wireless clients, including
PCs and other devices.
Wireless (WiFi) LAN
Connecting to a Local Area Network over one of the
802.11 wireless standards.
WDS
Wireless ISP
Wireless Distribution System. A system that enables the
interconnection of access points wirelessly.
WISP. A company that provides a broadband Internet
connection over a wireless connection.
Web browser
WISP
A utility that allows you to view content and interact with
all of the information on the World Wide Web.
Wireless Internet Service Provider.
WEP
Wireless Local Area Network.
Wired Equivalent Privacy is security for wireless networks
that is supposed to be comparable to that of a wired
network.
WPA
WiFi
Wireless Fidelity. Used to describe any of the 802.11
wireless networking specifications.
© 2012 CRADLEPOINT, INC.
WLAN
WiFi Protected Access. A WiFi security enhancement
that provides improved data encryption, relative to WEP.
xDSL
A generic term for the family of digital subscriber line
(DSL) technologies, such as ADSL, HDSL, RADSL, and
SDSL.
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Yagi antenna
A directional antenna used to concentrate wireless
signals on a specific location.
© 2012 CRADLEPOINT, INC.
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10 APPENDIX
10.1 Regulatory Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct the interference by one or more
of the following measures:
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Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio or television technician for help.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by CradlePoint, Inc. could void the user‘s authority to operate the product.
Radio Frequency Interference Requirement - Canada
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
10.2 Warranty Information
CradlePoint, Inc. warrants this product against defects in materials and workmanship to the original purchases (or the first purchaser in the case of resale by an authorized distributor)
for a period of one (1) year from the date of shipment. This warranty is limited to a repair or replacement of the product, at CradlePoint‘s discretion.
Within thirty (30) days of receipt should the product fail for any reason other than damage due to customer negligence, purchaser may return the product to the point of purchase for a
full refund of the purchase price.
If the purchaser wishes to upgrade or convert to another CradlePoint, Inc. product within the thirty (30) day period, purchaser may return the product and apply the full purchase price
toward the purchase of the other product. Any other return will be subject to CradlePoint, Inc.‘s existing return policy.
IN NO EVENT SHALL CRADLEPOINT‘S LIABILITY EXCEED THE PRICE PAID FOR THE PRODUCT FROM DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, ITS USER INTERFACE SOFTWARE, OR ITS DOCUMENTATION.
CradlePoint makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied, or statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or use of this documentation and all user interface
software, and specifically disclaims its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose. CradlePoint reserves the right to revise or update its products,
software, or documentation without obligation to notify any individual or entity.
© 2012 CRADLEPOINT, INC.
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10.3 Specifications
MODEL NAME
MBR1400 Mission-Critical Broadband Router
WAN / INTERNET
3G/4G via five modem ports (3 USB 2.0, 2 ExpressCard);
one default Ethernet port (10/100/1000); additional LAN
Ethernet ports re-configurable to WAN for redundancy
LAN
WiFi 802.11 a/b/g/n, four default Ethernet ports
(10/100/1000); one additional WAN Ethernet port reconfigurable to LAN use
ANTENNAS
3 external 2.4 GHz WiFi antennas (750+ feet range); 5
GHz antennas available as an accessory
BUTTONS / SWITCHES
WiFi On/Off Switch, WPS Button (WiFi Protected Setup),
Modem Signal Strength, Reset, and Power Switch
LED INDICATORS
Power, Ethernet LAN (1-4), Ethernet WAN, 3G/4G WAN,
3G/4G Modem Status (5), WPS (WiFi Protected Setup),
Signal Strength
DIMENSIONS
9‖ x 5.1‖ x 1.57‖ (230mm x 130mm x 40mm)
CERTIFICATIONS
FCC, IC, CE, WiFi Alliance
OPERATING TEMPERATURE
0oC to 40oC
© 2012 CRADLEPOINT, INC.
DETAILS
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2.412 to 2.484 GHz WiFi Frequency Band
Operation
Compliant with IEEE 802.3 and 3u Standards
Supports OFDM and CCK Modulation
Supports Cable/DSL modems with Dynamic IP,
Static IP, PPPoE, PPTP, or L2TP Connection
Types
Traffic Control, Port Forwarding, Virtual Server
(max 32 servers) and DMZ
Compatible with HSPA, EVDO, LTE, & WiMAX
Cellular Network Devices
Easy Management via HTTP and Remote
Management via HTTP and SNMP
Create, Manage, and Terminate Up To 20 IPsec
VPN Sessions
Supported VPN Implementations: CradlePoint to
CradlePoint, CradlePoint to Cisco/Linksys
Routers, and CradlePoint to Linux Systems.
Tunnel (default) and Transfer1 (a.k.a. Transport)
Modes
Hash Algorithms (hardware accelerated) - MD5,
SHA128, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512
Cipher Algorithms (hardware accelerated) - AES,
3DES, DES
1
Transfer Mode to be released with Firmware Version 3.3
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Keying - automatic using IKE 1.0 or manual
Authentication Method: Pre-Shared Key
© 2012 CRADLEPOINT, INC.
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http://www.cradlepoint.com/
Copyright © 2012 by CradlePoint, Inc. All rights reserved.
© 2012 CRADLEPOINT, INC.
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