RayBio

Human CEACAM-1
ELISA Kit
User Manual
RayBio Human CEACAM-1
ELISA Kit Protocol
(Cat#: ELH-CEACAM1-001)
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RayBiotech, Inc.
RayBio
 Human CEACAM-1
ELISA Kit Protocol
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.
Introduction……..……………………………….2
II.
Reagents……………………………..…………..2
III.
Storage.…………………………………….…….3
IV. Additional Materials Required…………………..3
V.
Reagent Preparation……………………………..3
VI. Assay Procedure……………………………...... 5
VII. Assay Procedure Summary……………………...6
VIII. Calculation of Results
A.
Typical Data…..……………………….…….…..7
B.
Sensitivity……………………………….….……8
C.
Recovery…………………………..……………..9
D.
Linearity………………………………….….......9
E.
Reproducibility…………………………………..10
IX. Specificity………………………………………. 10
X.
Troubleshooting Guide.……………………....….11
RayBio Human CEACAM-1 ELISA Kit Protocol
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I. INTRODUCTION
The RayBio Human CEACAM-1 (Carcinoembryonic Antigenrelated Cell Adhesion Molecule 1) ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent
Assay) kit is an in vitro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the
quantitative measurement of human CEACAM-1 in serum, plasma, cell
culture supernatants and urine. This assay employs an antibody specific for
human CEACAM-1 coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are
pipetted into the wells and CEACAM-1 present in a sample is bound to the
wells by the immobilized antibody. The wells are washed and biotinylated
anti-human CEACAM-1 antibody is added. After washing away unbound
biotinylated antibody, HRP-conjugated streptavidin is pipetted to the wells.
The wells are again washed, a TMB substrate solution is added to the wells
and color develops in proportion to the amount of CEACAM-1 bound. The
Stop Solution changes the color from blue to yellow, and the intensity of the
color is measured at 450 nm.
II. REAGENTS
1. CEACAM-1 Microplate (Item A): 96 wells (12 strips x 8 wells) coated
with anti-human CEACAM-1.
2. Wash Buffer Concentrate (20x) (Item B): 25 ml of 20x concentrated
solution
3. Standards (Item C): 2 vials of recombinant human CEACAM-1.
4. Assay Diluent A (Item D): 30 ml diluent buffer, 0.09% sodium azide as
preservative. For Standard/Sample (serum/plasma) diluent.
5. Assay Diluent B (Item E): 15 ml of 5x concentrated buffer. For
Standard/Sample (cell culture medium/urine) diluent.
6. Detection Antibody CEACAM-1 (Item F): 2 vial of biotinylated antihuman CEACAM-1 (each vial is enough to assay half microplate.
7. HRP-Streptavidin Concentrate (Item G): 8 µl 20,000x concentrated
HRP-conjugated streptavidin.
8. TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent (Item H): 12 ml of 3,3’,5,5’tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in buffer solution.
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9. Stop Solution (Item I): 8 ml of 2 M sulfuric acid.
III. STORAGE
May be stored for up to 6 months at 2o to 8oC from the date of
shipment. Standard (recombinant protein) should be stored at -20 oC or -80
o
C (recommended at –80 oC) after reconstitution. Opened Microplate Wells
or reagents may be stored for up to 1 month at 2o to 8oC. Return unused wells
to the pouch containing desiccant pack, reseal along entire edge.
Note: the kit can be used within one year if the whole kit is stored at -20 oC .
Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
IV. ADDITIONAL MATERIALS REQUIRED
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Microplate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450 nm.
Precision pipettes to deliver 2 µl to 1 ml volumes.
Adjustable 1-25 ml pipettes for reagent preparation.
100 ml and 1 liter graduated cylinders.
Absorbent paper.
Distilled or deionized water.
Log-log graph paper or computer and software for ELISA data
analysis.
8 Tubes to prepare standard or sample dilutions.
V. REAGENT PREPARATION
1. Bring all reagents and samples to room temperature (18 - 25°C) before
use.
2. Sample dilution: Assay Diluent A (Item D) is used for dilution of
serum/plasma samples; 1x Assay Diluent B (Item E) can be used for
dilution of cell culture supernates/urine.
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3. Assay Diluent B should be diluted 5-fold with deionized or distilled
water before use.
4. Preparation of standard: Briefly spin the vial of Item C and then add
400 µl Assay Diluent A (for serum/plasma samples) or 1x Assay Diluent
B (for cell culture supernates/urine) into Item C vial to prepare a 50
ng/ml standard. Dissolve the powder thoroughly by a gentle mix.
Add 150 µl standard (50 ng/ml) from the vial of Item C, into a tube with
350 µl 1x Assay Diluent A or 1x Assay Diluent B to prepare a 15,000
pg/ml standard solution. Pipette 400 µl Assay Diluent A or 1x Assay
Diluent B into each tube. Use the 15,000 pg/ml standard solution to
produce a dilution series (shown below). Mix each tube thoroughly
before the next transfer. Gently vortex to mix. Assay Diluent A or 1x
Assay Diluent B serves as the zero standard (0 pg/ml).
150 Standard
+ 350 µl
200µl
15,000
pg/ml
200 µl
5,000
pg/ml
200 µl
1,667
pg/ml
200 µl
555.6
pg/ml
185.2
pg/ml
200 µl
61.73
pg/ml
200 µl
20.58
pg/ml
0
pg/ml
5. If the Wash Concentrate (20x) (Item B) contains visible crystals, warm
to room temperature and mix gently until dissolved. Dilute 20 ml of
Wash Buffer Concentrate into deionized or distilled water to yield 400
ml of 1x Wash Buffer.
6. Briefly spin the Detection Antibody vial (Item F) before use. Add 100 µl
of 1x Assay Diluent B into the vial to prepare a detection antibody
concentrate. Pipette up and down to mix gently (the concentrate can be
stored at 4°C for 5 days). The detection antibody concentrate should be
RayBio Human CEACAM-1 ELISA Kit Protocol
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diluted 80-fold with 1x Assay Diluent B and used in step 4 of Part VI
Assay Procedure.
7. Briefly spin the HRP-Streptavidin concentrate vial (Item G) and pipette
up and down to mix gently before use. HRP-Streptavidin concentrate
should be diluted 20,000-fold with 1x Assay Diluent B.
For example: Briefly spin the vial (Item G) and pipette up and down
to mix gently . Add 2 µl of HRP-Streptavidin concentrate into a tube
with 198 µl 1x Assay Diluent B to prepare a 100-fold diluted HRPStreptavidin solution (don’t store the diluted solution for next day use).
Mix through and then pipette 50 µl of prepared 100-fold diluted
solution into a tube with 10 ml 1x Assay Diluent B to prepare a final
20,000 fold diluted HRP-Streptavidin solution.
VI. ASSAY PROCEDURE:
1. Bring all reagents and samples to room temperature (18 - 25°C) before
use. It is recommended that all standards and samples be run at least in
duplicate.
2. Add 100 µl of each standard (see Reagent Preparation step 2) and
sample into appropriate wells. Cover well and incubate for 2.5 hours at
room temperature or over night at 4°C with gentle shaking.
3. Discard the solution and wash 4 times with 1x Wash Solution. Wash by
filling each well with Wash Buffer (300 µl) using a multi-channel
Pipette or autowasher. Complete removal of liquid at each step is
essential to good performance. After the last wash, remove any
remaining Wash Buffer by aspirating or decanting. Invert the plate and
blot it against clean paper towels.
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4. Add 100 µl of 1x prepared biotinylated antibody (Reagent Preparation
step 6) to each well. Incubate for 1 hour at room temperature with
gentle shaking.
5. Discard the solution. Repeat the wash as in step 3.
6. Add 100 µl of prepared Streptavidin solution (see Reagent Preparation
step 7) to each well. Incubate for 45 minutes at room temperature with
gentle shaking.
7. Discard the solution. Repeat the wash as in step 3.
8. Add 100 µl of TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent (Item H) to each well.
Incubate for 30 minutes at room temperature in the dark with gentle
shaking.
9. Add 50 µl of Stop Solution (Item I) to each well. Read at 450 nm
immediately.
VII. ASSAY PROCEDURE SUMMARY
1. Prepare all reagents, samples and standards as instructed.
2. Add 100 µl standard or sample to each well.
Incubate 2.5 hours at room temperature or over night at 4oC.
3. Add 100 µl prepared biotin antibody to each well.
Incubate 1 hour at room temperature.
4. Add 100 µl prepared Streptavidin solution.
Incubate 45 minutes at room temperature.
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5. Add 100 µl TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent to each well.
Incubate 30 minutes at room temperature.
6. Add 50 µl Stop Solution to each well.
Read at 450 nm immediately.
VIII. CALCULATION OF RESULTS
Calculate the mean absorbance for each set of duplicate standards, controls
and samples, and subtract the average zero standard optical density. Plot the
standard curve on log-log graph paper or using Sigma plot software, with
standard concentration on the x-axis and absorbance on the y-axis. Draw the
best-fit straight line through the standard points.
A. TYPICAL DATA
These standard curves are for demonstration only. A standard curve must be
run with each assay.
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Assay Diluent B
10
10
1
1
OD=450 nm
OD=450 nm
Assay Diluent A
0.1
0.01
10
0.1
0.01
100
1,000
10,000
100,000
10
Human CEACAM-1 concentration (pg/ml)
100
1,000
10,000
100,000
Human CEACAM-1 concentration (pg/ml)
B. SENSITIVITY
The minimum detectable dose of CEACAM-1 is typically less than 20 pg/ml.
C. RECOVERY
Recovery was determined by spiking various levels human CEACAM-1 into
human serum, plasma and cell culture media. Mean recoveries are as
follows:
Sample Type
Average % Recovery
Range (%)
Serum
96.92
82-112
Plasma
86.50
70-105
Cell culture media
83.49
75-90
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D. LINEARITY
Sample Type
Serum
Plasma
Cell Culture Media
1:2
Average % of Expected
Range (%)
101.3
90-118
108.8
93-119
124.5
117-129
1:4
Average % of Expected
Range (%)
119.3
108-128
85.14
78-91
134.3
127-141
E. REPRODUCIBILITY
Intra-Assay: CV<10%
Inter-Assay: CV<12%
IX. SPECIFICITY
Cross Reactivity: This ELISA kit shows no cross-reactivity with the
following cytokines tested: human Angiogenin, BDNF, BLC, ENA-78, FGF4, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-11, IL-12
p70, IL-12 p40, IL-13, IL-15, IL-309, IP-10, G-CSF, GM-CSF, IFN-γ,
Leptin (OB), MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1 β, MIP-1δ,
PARC, PDGF, RANTES, SCF, TARC, TGF-β, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, TNF-α,
TNF-β, TPO, VEGF.
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X. TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Problem
1. Poor standard
curve
2. Low signal
3. Large CV
4. High background
5. Low sensitivity
Cause
1. Inaccurate pipetting
Solution
1. Check pipettes
2. Improper standard
dilution
2. Ensure a brief spin
of Item C
and dissolve the
powder thoroughly
by a gentle mix.
1. Ensure sufficient
incubation time;
assay procedure
step 2 may change
to over night
2. Check pipettes and
ensure correct
preparation
1. Check pipettes
1. Review the manual
for proper wash. If
using a plate
washer, check that
all ports are
unobstructed.
2. Make fresh wash
buffer
1. Store your standard
at<-20oC after
reconstitution,
others at 4 oC. Keep
substrate solution
protected from light
2. Stop solution should
be added to each
well before measure
1.Too brief incubation
times
2. Inadequate reagent
volumes or improper
dilution
1. Inaccurate pipetting
1. Plate is insufficiently
washed
2. Contaminated wash
buffer
1. Improper storage of the
ELISA kit
2. Stop solution
RayBio Human CEACAM-1 ELISA Kit Protocol
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RayBio Human CEACAM-1 ELISA Kit Protocol
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RayBio Human CEACAM-1 ELISA Kit Protocol
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This product is for research use only.
©2004 RayBiotech, Inc.
RayBio Human CEACAM-1 ELISA Kit Protocol
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