TrangoLINK-45™ Point-to-Point Wireless Ethernet

 TrangoLINK-45™
Point-to-Point Wireless
Ethernet Bridge USER
MANUAL
August, 2011
Revision 2p0r3
Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Contents Preface ...................................................................................................................................... 4 FCC Information ........................................................................................................................ 4 Industry Canada Information .................................................................................................... 5 Warranty Information ............................................................................................................... 5 European Compliance Information ............................................................................................ 6 Contact Information .................................................................................................................. 7 Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................... 8 DFS .............................................................................................................................................................................. 8 OFDM .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Adaptive Modulation .................................................................................................................................................. 8 ARQ ............................................................................................................................................................................. 9 Dual Polarity Antenna ................................................................................................................................................. 9 Range vs. Throughput ............................................................................................................................................... 10 System Contents ....................................................................................................................................................... 11 Location of Serial Number & MAC Address .............................................................................................................. 12 Location of RJ‐45/LED Port & IP Reset Button .......................................................................................................... 12 Chapter 2 Getting Started ........................................................................................................ 13 Connections and Power ............................................................................................................................................ 13 Configuration Tools ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Changing Password ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Management VLAN ................................................................................................................................................... 15 Troubleshooting Ethernet Connections .................................................................................................................... 17 System Information (sysinfo) Page ........................................................................................................................... 17 Chapter 3 Configuration .......................................................................................................... 23 Key Concepts ............................................................................................................................................................. 23 Essentials to Establish a Wireless Link ...................................................................................................................... 23 LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 2 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Master Unit Configuration ........................................................................................................................................ 24 Establishing a Wireless Link ...................................................................................................................................... 26 Changing IP Address ................................................................................................................................................. 26 LEDs ........................................................................................................................................................................... 26 RF Link Loopback Test (linktest command) .............................................................................................................. 27 Link Speed & Power Settings .................................................................................................................................... 28 MU Autoscan Feature Description ............................................................................................................................ 29 Automatic Rate Shifting Feature Description ........................................................................................................... 30 Encryption Feature Description ................................................................................................................................ 31 MIR Feature Description ........................................................................................................................................... 31 Command Reference Listing ..................................................................................................................................... 32 Chapter 4 Deployment & Installation ...................................................................................... 36 Site Selection ............................................................................................................................................................ 36 Site survey ................................................................................................................................................................. 36 Channel Planning ...................................................................................................................................................... 37 RSSI Command and Antenna Alignment ................................................................................................................... 38 Setting Maximum RF Power for Legal Operation in the U‐NII Bands (‐EXT only) ..................................................... 38 Port Plug and Port Plate (Hardware) ......................................................................................................................... 39 Mounting Hardware ................................................................................................................................................ 39 Connecting External Antenna on EXT Model ............................................................................................................ 40 Weatherizing ............................................................................................................................................................. 40 Grounding ................................................................................................................................................................. 41 Cat‐5 Cabling Considerations .................................................................................................................................... 41 Chapter 5 SNMP ...................................................................................................................... 42 SNMP ........................................................................................................................................................................ 42 Chapter 6 Firmware Upgrade Procedure .................................................................................. 43 Firmware File Names ................................................................................................................................................ 43 Firmware Upgrade Password .................................................................................................................................... 43 Upgrade Procedure ................................................................................................................................................... 43 LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 3 Trango Systems, Inc Appendix A TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Using the HTTP Interface ................................................................................. 45 System Information Page .......................................................................................................................................... 46 Configuration Page ................................................................................................................................................... 48 Configuration Screen – Minimum Required Settings to Establish a Wireless Link ................................................... 50 Site Survey Page ........................................................................................................................................................ 51 Link Control ............................................................................................................................................................... 52 Appendix B Specifications .................................................................................................. 53 RF Parameters ........................................................................................................................................................... 53 Channels of Operation .............................................................................................................................................. 54 Data Parameters ....................................................................................................................................................... 57 Regulatory Compliance ............................................................................................................................................. 57 Mechanical ................................................................................................................................................................ 57 Environmental........................................................................................................................................................... 58 Power Parameters .................................................................................................................................................... 58 Power Supply ............................................................................................................................................................ 58 Antennas ................................................................................................................................................................... 58 LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 4 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Preface This manual covers the basic configuration and installation of the TrangoLINK‐45 Wireless Point to Point Broadband System, and applies to the following radio part numbers: P5055M‐19‐xx P5055M‐23‐xx P5055M‐EXT‐xx Radio unit with internal 19 dBi patch antenna array Radio unit with internal 23 dBi patch antenna array Radio unit with external RP‐SMA antenna connectors Where “xx” denotes the regulatory configuration of the unit as follows: US: For use in the USA IC: For use in Canada EU: For use in the following EU member and non‐member countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland (Non Members), Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway (Non Members), Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Switzerland (Non Members),Bulgaria, Romania OE: OEM model for individual certification in other countries Each radio unit is supplied with the proper mounting hardware, a power adapter, and POE box with LED indicators. Cables must be supplied by the installer. Two radio units are required to make a TrangoLINK‐45 link. The P5055M‐EXT‐xx must be used in conjunction with an approved external antenna (sold separately). Instead of an internal antenna, the P5055M‐EXT‐xx has two reverse polarity SMA RF Connectors for the attachment of external antenna cables. FCC Information FCC ID: NCYP5055M The TrangoLINK‐45 System is used for point‐to‐point operation only. NOTE: The P5055M‐EXT‐xx requires professional installation due to FCC limits on output power settings when operating in the UNII band. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules and Regulations. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio‐frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with these instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in any particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to correct the interference by one of more of the following measures: 1) 2) 3) 4) Reorient the antenna. Increase the separation between the affected equipment and the unit. Connect the affected equipment to a power outlet on a different circuit from that which the receiver is connected to. Consult the dealer and/or experienced radio/TV technician for help. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 4 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 WARNING: Intentional or unintentional changes or modifications must not be made unless under the express consent of the party responsible for compliance. Any such modifications could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment and will void the manufacturer’s warranty. To comply with RF exposure requirements, the following antenna installation and device operating configurations must be satisfied. The antenna for this unit must be fixed and mounted on outdoor permanent structures with a separation distance of at least two meters from all persons. Furthermore, it must not be co‐ located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter. Industry Canada Information IC: 2945A‐P5055M Information for P5055M‐EXT‐IC This device has been designed to operate with the antennas listed below, and having a maximum gain of 34 dBi. Antennas not included in this list or having a gain greater than 34 dBi are strictly prohibited for use with this device. The required antenna impedance is 50 ohms. Approved Antennas: Radiowaves model : SPD4‐5.2 Radiowaves model : SPD3‐5.2 Radiowaves model : SPD2‐5.2 Radiowaves model : SPD1‐5.2 To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain should be so chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) is not more than that permitted for successful communication. Warranty Information Radios from Trango Systems are warranted for one year from date of purchase. Please see www.trangobroadband.com for a complete description of warranty coverage and limitations. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 5 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 European Compliance Information We, Trango Systems, Inc., 14118 Stowe Dr Suite B Poway, California, 92064 USA Tel +1 858 653 3900 Fax +1 858 621 2725 Hereby declare that the product(s) listed below, Product Name: Wireless Ethernet point to point radio with 19 dBi antenna Model No: P5055M‐19‐EU Product Name: Wireless Ethernet point to point radio with 23 dBi antenna Model No: P5055M‐23‐EU Product Name: Wireless Ethernet point to point radio with connectors Model No: P5055M‐EXT‐EU To which this declaration relates, are in conformity with the following standards and/or other normative documents: EN 301 893 v1.3.1 (2005‐08) EN 301 489‐17 v1.2.1 (2002‐08) EN 60950‐1/IEC 60950‐1:2001 First Edition EN 50385: 2002 We hereby declare that all essential radio test suites have been carried out and that the above named products are in conformity with all the essential requirements of Directive 1999/5/EC. The conformity assessment procedure referred to in Article 10(5) and detailed in Annex IV of Directive 1999/5/EC has been followed with the involvement of the following Notified Body: Compliance Certification Services (ID#0984) 47173 Benicia St. Fremont, CA 94538 USA The –EU models will have the following label attached to them on the back of the individual radio unit and on the packing box: LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 6 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Contact Information Corporate Headquarters Web Sites Sales Inquiries Technical Support LT‐9037A Trango Broadband Wireless, a division of Trango Systems, Inc.
14118 Stowe Dr Suite B Poway, CA 92064USA
www.trangobroadband.com www.trangosys.com email: sales@trangosys.com
Telephone: 1‐858‐391‐0010
email: techsupport@trangosys.com Telephone: 1‐858‐391‐0010
August 15, 2011 Page 7 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Chapter 1 Overview The TrangoLINK‐45 is a point‐to‐point (PtP) wireless Ethernet transmission system which provides network connectivity at speeds up to 45 Mbps depending on the transmission distance and noise floor. The TrangoLINK‐45 utilizes OFDM technology and is designed for use in long range backhaul and wide area data networking applications. Users are required to simply specify one P5055M unit type as master unit (MU) and one unit as remote unit (RU) to establish a link. Each unit utilizes power‐over‐Ethernet (PoE) and is designed for outdoor environments. The cable entry point can accommodate both Shielded twisted pair Cat5 (STP) and unshielded twisted pair Cat5 (UTP), with the addition of conduit for tower mounting. DFS One of the key features of the TrangoLINK‐45 is that it has Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) which allows it to be operated in the 5.25 to 5.35 GHz and 5.47 to 5.7 GHz frequency ranges depending upon the regulatory requirements. When operating in these frequencies ranges the MU will monitor the channel for radar transmissions and switch to a new channel automatically if radar is detected. The RU will switch to the new channel as well and the link will be automatically reconnected, typically in about 1 minute. Each radio unit has a different threshold for detecting radar that corresponds to the radio’s antenna gain. For the P5055M‐19‐xx models, the threshold is –46 dBm. Any radar signal arriving at the antenna on the operating channel that has an amplitude greater than –46 dBm will cause the MU and it’s associated RU to switch to a randomly selected channel that is tagged as a DFS channel in the channel table. For the P5055M‐23‐xx units, the threshold is is –42 dBm, and for the P5055M‐EXT‐xx units the threshold is –37 dBm. IMPORTANT NOTE: When operating in the DFS frequencies, the radio units will use automatic transmit power control (ATPC) to maintain the RSSI at a level of approximately –62 dBm. For very short link distances it may not be possible for the transmit power to be reduced below the Radar detection threshold and the radio may not be able to establish a reliable link. Trango recommends that careful link budget planning be done to ensure that this condition does not exist. OFDM The TrangoLINK‐45 platform utilizes Orthogonal Frequency Division Duplex (OFDM) processing which offers link stability and performance in the presence of multipath interference.
Adaptive Modulation One of the key advantages of the TrangoLINK‐45 series radio platform is utilization of multiple modulation schemes including the following: • Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) • Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) • 16 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (16QAM) • 64 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (64QAM) The TrangoLINK‐45 system allows individual selection of the upstream and downstream modulation schemes. The modulation schemes can be adjusted manually or automatically (automatic rate shifting) for changing propagation and interference conditions. The higher order modulation schemes (64QAM) are typically deployed at reduced ranges while lower order modulation schemes (BPSK) are implemented at long distances. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 8 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 ARQ Another key advantage of the TrangoLINK‐45 platform is its Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ) transmission correction scheme. The ARQ algorithm detects packet loss due to fading and interference conditions and requests the remote radio to re‐transmit specific packets. Dual Polarity Antenna TrangoLINK‐45 radios feature built‐in dual polarity antenna functionality. Users may select either horizontal or vertical antenna polarity through the unit’s software. The feature of selecting antenna polarity provides greater spectral flexibility and ability to mitigate interference. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 9 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Range vs. Throughput The following table shows approximate maximum ranges (at recommended fade margins) achievable with the TrangoLINK‐45 system using various antenna configurations. Longer ranges are achievable, but will result in lower fade margins. To estimate theoretical throughput and fade margin for any distance, download the link budget / fade margin calculator tool from www.trangobroadband.com . ISM (5725 MHz to 5875 MHz) Line‐of‐Sight Range & Throughput Antenna 5 miles 20 miles 30 miles Integrated 23 dBi 15” Flat Panel 45 Mbps (10 db fade margin) 11 Mbps (14 db fade margin) 6 Mbps (17 db fade margin) External 27 dBi 2’ Dish 45 Mbps (18 db fade margin) 20 Mbps (18 db fade margin) 10 Mbps (20 db fade margin) External 30 dBi 3’ Dish 45 Mbps (24 db fade margin) 26 Mbps (20 db fade margin) 18 Mbps (22 db fade margin) External 34 dBi 4’ Dish 45 Mbps (30 db fade margin) 32 Mbps (20 db fade margin) 30 Mbps (15 db fade margin) U‐NII (5470 MHz to 5725 MHz & 5250 MHz to 5350 MHz) Line‐of‐Sight Range & Throughput Antenna 6 miles 10 miles 15 miles Integrated 23 dBi 15” Flat Panel 20 Mbps (10 db fade margin) 11Mbps (12 db fade margin) 6Mbps (9 db fade margin) External 27 dBi 2’ Dish 31 Mbps (11 db fade margin) 20 Mbps (10 db fade margin) 11Mbps (12 db fade margin) External 30 dBi 3’ Dish 31 Mbps (14 db fade margin) 20 Mbps (13 db fade margin) 16Mbps (12 db fade margin) External 34 dBi 4’ Dish 45 Mbps (10 db fade margin) 30 Mbps (13 db fade margin) 20Mbps (14 db fade margin) LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 10 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 System Contents The TrangoLINK‐45 system is available in two versions: TrangoLINK‐45‐19‐xx TrangoLINK‐45‐23‐xx TrangoLINK‐45‐EXT‐xx ‐ Radios with integrated 19 dBi antennas (part numbers P5055M‐19‐xx) ‐ Radios with integrated 23 dBi antennas (part numbers P5055M‐23‐xx) ‐ Connectorized radios (part numbers P5055M‐EXT‐xx) Each TrangoLINK‐45 kit consists of two radios, two power‐over‐Ethernet (PoE) injectors, two AC adapters, port covers, and mounting hardware. A dual‐polarized integrated antenna is located behind the radome of the P5055M‐19‐xx and P5055M–23‐xx units. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 11 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Location of Serial Number & MAC Address The serial number and MAC address label can be found on the back of each radio. The serial number and MAC address is also provided within the system information (sysinfo) screen. Trango Broadband Wireless
P5055M- 23-US
Rev. A
S/N: 000001420
MAC: 00 01 DE 00 02 F2
FCC ID: NCYP5055M
Canada: 2945AP5055M
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES: OPERATION IS
SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS: (1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT
CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERANCE, AND (2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT
ANY INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
P5055M-23-US
Trango Broadband Wireless
P5055M- EXT-US
Rev. A
S/N: 000001421
MAC: 00 01 DE 00 02 F3
FCC ID: NCYP5055M
Canada: 2945AP5055M
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES: OPERATION IS
SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS: (1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT
CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERANCE, AND (2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT
ANY INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
P5055M-EXT-US
Location of RJ‐45/LED Port & IP Reset Button The RJ‐45 connector, diagnostic LEDs, and reset button are located at the bottom of the radio. Functionality of the LEDs is described later in this text. The IP reset button resets IP configuration and password back to factory default. The reset button does not reset any other parameters other than IP configuration and password. Typically a user would only press the reset button when the IP configuration or password in unknown. Reset button must be held down for approximately 10 seconds. IP Reset Button LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 12 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Chapter 2 Getting Started It is always a good idea to first provision and test the radios on the bench before deploying them in the field. This is a particularly useful exercise for the first time user. Connections and Power • Connect a Cat‐5 (straight through) Ethernet cable (we recommend shielded twisted pair) between the ODU (out door unit) port of the J‐box and the RJ‐45 connector on the radio. Note that this cable will carry power‐
over‐ Ethernet (PoE). • If connecting to a COMPUTER, use a Cross‐Over Ethernet cable from the NET port of the J‐box to the computer’s Ethernet port. If connecting to a HUB, SWITCH, or ROUTER, use a Straight‐Thru cable. • Plug the AC adapter into an AC outlet. Both green LEDs on the J‐box should be lit, indicating power is present at the Power‐over‐Ethernet box as well as at the radio. You are now ready to configure the radio via the Ethernet port. After reboot, the Radio Power LED may take several seconds before lighting. The radio requires approximately 45 seconds to boot. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 13 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Configuration Tools P5055M radios can be configured using either the Command Line Interface (CLI), or the Web Browser (HTTP) interface. The CLI method provides slightly more functionality. In addition, radio management can be done with or without VLAN tagging. Management within a VLAN (with tagging) is described in the Management VLAN section below. This text covers configuration through the CLI without a VLAN. For HTTP configuration please see Appendix A. Telnet Open a command prompt (DOS) session on your PC. Open a Telnet session by typing: telnet <ip address of radio> Example: C:>telnet 192.168.100.100 Note: All Trango radios are pre‐configured at the factory with a default IP address of 192.168.100.100. You will be greeted with current hardware and firmware information and prompted for a password. Type in the password and press enter. The factory default read/write password is trango. Welcome to Trango Broadband Wireless, TrangoLINK-45 DFS PtP-P5055M 2p0r1D07061104
Password:
Login as read/write.
#>
Note: Type help for a listing of all CLI commands. Type help [<command>], for the syntax of a particular command. Note: If you cannot access the radio management functions via the Ethernet port, check all cable connections and ensure that your PC is set up with a properly routable subnet. Changing Password Three types of passwords are used in the TrangoLINK‐45 system: rw ro Upgrade read write password. User can view and update all syste parameters read only password. User can view system information only Firmware upgrade password. This password must be included in the file name of the main image and web browser firmware files during the TFTP upload process. Use the password <ro|rw|upgrade>command to change the various passwords. Examples:
#> password rw
New Password (4 to 16 characters): *******
Confirm Password: *******
Success.
#> password ro
New Password (4 to 16 characters): ******
Confirm Password: ******
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 14 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Success.
Management VLAN The TL‐45 is capable of management from within a VLAN with the help of an external switch. Below is an example set up how TL‐45 works with VLAN tagging for management access. Management VLAN Example: 192.168.100.120
IBM Compatible
1514-byte pkt
1514-byte pkt
192.168.100.121
VLAN-TAGGING
D-LINK DES-3326SR
IBM Compatible
VLAN-TAGGING
D-LINK DES-3326SR
5
4
5
4
192.168.100.10
1518-byte pkt
1518-byte pkt
192.168.100.11
192.168.100.21
192.168.100.20
MU
RU
TL‐ 45 set up example for management within a VLAN other than default VLAN 1. Note: IP addresses used in the figure are for example only. •
•
Default management VLAN on Trangolink‐45 is VLAN 1. If you want to configure management VLAN other than VLAN 1 than please follow below procedure. Note: A managed switch is mandatory to make management within a VLAN possible. The switch must be tagging packets. If you want to use management VLAN other than default VLAN than it is recommended to test it on the bench first than deploy in the field. Setup Open a command prompt (DOS) session on your PC. Open a Telnet session by typing: telnet <ip address of radio> Example: C:>telnet 192.168.100.100 Note: All Trango radios are pre‐configured at the factory with a default IP address of 192.168.100.100. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 15 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 You will be greeted with current hardware and firmware information and prompted for a password. Type in the password and press enter. The factory default read/write password is trango. Welcome to Trango Broadband Wireless, TrangoLINK-45 DFS PtP-P5055M 2p0r3D09091501
Password:
Login as read/write.
Check the VLAN status #>vlan
[current] No VLAN
[config] No VLAN
Success.
Enable VLAN management with VID 2 with class of service queueing enabled #>vlan 2 cos
Success.
Enable VLAN management with VID 2 with class of service queueing disabled #>vlan 2 nocos
Success.
Note: cos and nocos will be chose upon customer needs. If cos is enabled, packets with a higher priority tag (COS field in the VLAN tag) will be forwarded first through the radio in the event that an overloading/burst condition occurs at the Ethernet port or the rate shifting reduces the available throughput at the RF link below the level coming into the Ethernet port. The queuing method is strict with priority 7 being the highest and priority 0 being the lowest. It is recommended to give the management VLAN the highest priority (7) to ensure communication with the radio in a heavy traffic situation. Useful Commands to configure management VLAN on Trangolink45: vlan show current status
vlan none Disable vlan
vlan <id,2..4095> cos enable and assign vlan tag with cos vlan <id,2..4095> nocos enable and assign vlan tag without cos Note: Type help for a listing of all CLI commands. Type help [<command>], for the syntax of a particular command. Note: If you cannot access the radio management functions via the Ethernet port, check all cable connections and ensure that your PC is set up with a properly routable subnet. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 16 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Troubleshooting Ethernet Connections If you cannot telnet into the radio or open an HTTP browser session, check your cable connections to ensure proper use of cross‐over vs. straight‐through cable, and ensure your PC’s subnet is routable to the radio’s IP address. System Information (sysinfo) Page To display system configuration and status information type the command sysinfo. The sysinfo screen is divided into 7 sections (0 –7): Section 0
1
Description____________________________________________________ Hardware/Firmware versions & system uptime (since reboot) Mac, serial number, and IP configuration information 2
Opmode, RF info, speed, and peer connection status 3
RF channel table 4
Area code information denotes which channels and power limits are available based on region code of the radio. Area code is set by the factory and cannot be altered by the user. 5
ARQ status, encryption, Auto‐rate shift, remarks, and LED RSSI function 6 Ethernet TX/RX statistics.
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 17 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Sysinfo Example: #> sysinfo
********************************* 0 *********************************
[Model] P5055M
[Area Code]
0 [Unit
Type] RU
[Hardware Version] 5055
[Firmware Version] 2p0r1D07061104
[System Up Time] 7 day(s) 03:58:16
********************************* 1 *********************************
[MAC] 00 01 DE 61 59 F7
[S/N] 6380023
[IP] 10.8.2.149 [Subnet Mask] 255.255.255.224 [Gateway] 10.8.2.129
********************************* 2 *********************************
[Radio Temp] 34 C
[PoE Voltage] 14.2 V
[Opmode] on [Default Opmode] on
[Active Channel] 22 h [Freq] 5840 MHz
[Speed] 6 Mbps [Tx Power] 0 dBm [Power Range] -10..22 dBm
[Peer ID] DE6159FA [Status] disconnect [RSSI] n/a
[Peer IP Config] n/a
[DFS Status] idle
********************************* 3 *********************************
Channel
[Ch#01]
[Ch#05]
[Ch#09]
[Ch#13]
[Ch#17]
[Ch#21]
Table: (MHz, n/a: not
5265 dfs [Ch#02] 5285
5500 dfs [Ch#06] 5520
5580 dfs [Ch#10] 5600
5660 dfs [Ch#14] 5680
5755 [Ch#18] 5775
5835 [Ch#22] 5840
Default
[Ch#01]
[Ch#05]
[Ch#09]
[Ch#13]
[Ch#17]
[Ch#21]
Channel Table:
5265 dfs [Ch#02] 5285
5500 dfs [Ch#06] 5520
5580 dfs [Ch#10] 5600
5660 dfs [Ch#14] 5680
5755 [Ch#18] 5775
5835 [Ch#22] 5840
available in current
dfs [Ch#03] 5305 dfs
dfs [Ch#07] 5540 dfs
dfs [Ch#11] 5620 dfs
dfs [Ch#15] 5700 dfs
[Ch#19] 5795
[Ch#23] 5840
area)
[Ch#04] 5325 dfs
[Ch#08] 5560 dfs
[Ch#12] 5640 dfs
[Ch#16] 5735
[Ch#20] 5815
[Ch#24] 5840
dfs
dfs
dfs
dfs
[Ch#04] 5325 dfs
[Ch#08] 5560 dfs
[Ch#12] 5640 dfs
[Ch#16] 5735
[Ch#20] 5815
[Ch#24] 5840
[Ch#03] 5305
[Ch#07] 5540
[Ch#11] 5620
[Ch#15] 5700
[Ch#19] 5795
[Ch#23] 5840
dfs
dfs
dfs
dfs
********************************* 4 *********************************
[Area Code] 0
RF Band #1 (5180..5260 MHz) Disabled
RF Band #2 (5265..5325 MHz) [Power Range] -10..10/10/10/10 dBm
RF Band #3 (5500..5700 MHz) [Power Range] -10..10/10/10/10 dBm
RF Band #4 (5735..5840 MHz) [Power Range] -10..22/21/19/17 dBm
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 18 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 ********************************* 5 *********************************
[Tx MIR] 50000 Kbps
[ARQ] on
[Encrypt] off [Key] 0011 2233 4455 6677 8899 AABB CCDD EEFF
[Auto Rate Shift] on
[Auto Scan MU] off
[RSSI LED] on
[Remarks] Remarks
********************************* 6 *********************************
[Eth Config] ANEG
[Eth Status] 100 FDX
[Eth In] 35,262,413 bytes 3 Kbps
[Eth Out] 9,201,047 bytes 51 Kbps
[RF In]
0 bytes
0 Kbps
[RF Out]
0 bytes
0 Kbps
[ARQ Retransmission] 0 pkts
Success.
#>
To view only a particular section of the sysinfo screen, type sysinfo followed by the desired section number. Example: #> sysinfo 2
********************************* 2 *********************************
[Radio Temp] 34 C
[PoE Voltage] 14.2 V
[Opmode] on [Default Opmode] on
[Active Channel] 22 h [Freq] 5840 MHz
[Speed] 6 Mbps [Tx Power] 0 dBm [Power Range] -10..22 dBm
[Peer ID] DE6159FA [Status] disconnect [RSSI] n/a
[Peer IP Config] n/a
[DFS Status] idle
Success.
#>
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 19 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Each of the parameters within the sysinfo screen is defined below Section 0 [Model] [Unit Type] [Hardware Version] [Firmware Version] [System Up Time] Radio Model # (P5055M) User defined Unit Type (MU or RU) Hardware version set by factory (5010) Current firmware version loaded in radio Time since last reboot or power cycle Section 1 [MAC] LT‐9037A MAC address of radio August 15, 2011 Page 20 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 [S/N] [IP] [Subnet Mask] [Gateway] Serial Number of Radio User defined IP Address of radio User entered IP Subnet Mask User entered IP address of the default router or gateway on the local Ethernet segment Section 2 [PoE Voltage] [Radio Temp] [Opmode] [Default Opmode] reboot. [Active Channel] [Freq] [Speed] [Tx Power] [Power Range] [Peer ID] [Status] [RSSI] [Peer IP Config] [DFS Status] The voltage the ODU received from the Jbox. The internal radio temperature in Celsius Operation mode of the radio: ON = transmitting, OFF= not transmitting Opmode which the radio defaults to after Active RF Channel and Antenna polarization Frequency of active channel Modulation Speed (6,12,18,24,36, 54 Mbps) Transmit Power Allowable power range for chosen Frequency (dBm) MAC Address of remote radio Connection status of remote radio (connected or disconnected) Measured signal strength from remote radio (dBm) Remote radio’s IP subnet, and default Gateway configuration The current status of DFS. Section 3 Channel Table: (MHz, n/a: not available in current area) [Ch#01] 5265 dfs [Ch#02] 5285 dfs [Ch#03] 5305 dfs [Ch#04] 5325 dfs [Ch#05] 5500 dfs [Ch#06] 5520 dfs [Ch#07] 5540 dfs [Ch#08] 5560 dfs [Ch#09] 5580 dfs [Ch#10] 5600 dfs [Ch#11] 5620 dfs [Ch#12] 5640 dfs [Ch#13] 5660 dfs [Ch#14] 5680 dfs [Ch#15] 5700 dfs [Ch#16] 5735 [Ch#17] 5755 [Ch#18] 5775 [Ch#19] 5795 [Ch#20] 5815 [Ch#24] 5840 [Ch#21] 5835 [Ch#22] 5840 [Ch#23] 5840 Section 4 [Area Code] RF Band #1 (5180..5240 MHz) RF Band #2 (5260..5325 MHz) RF Band #3 (5480..5720 MHz) RF Band #4 (5735..5835 MHz) Region (country code). Defines allowable frequencies. Area code is set by the manufacturer and can not be altered by the user. Disabled [Power Range] ‐4..7/7/7/7 dBm Disabled [Power Range] ‐4..21/19/18/17 dBm Section 5 [Tx MIR] [ARQ] [Encrypt] [Key] [Auto Rate Shift] [Auto Scan MU] [RSSI LED] LT‐9037A Maximum Information Rate (Mbps). User may set Tx MIR in MU and RU to different values. Automatic Retransmit Request (On or Off) Encryption (On or Off) Hexadecimal Encryption Key (must match in MU and RU) Automatic Rate Shift (adaptive modulation) (On or Off) Auto Scan MU (RU setting only) (On or Off) Enable or disable RSSI LEDs on bottom of radio. Disabling RSSI LEDs improves system performance. August 15, 2011 Page 21 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 [Remarks] User entered remarks up to 256 characters. Field accepts alpha numeric’s only. Special characters (!@#$%^&*()\?/) require quotations. Section 6 [Eth Config] [Eth Status] [Eth In] [Eth Tx] [RF Rx] link [RF Tx] [ARQ Retransmissions] LT‐9037A Configuration setting of Ethernet port which will also be ANEG The current status of Ethernet port 100FDX/100HDX/10FDX/10HDX Counter for Ethernet packets which entered via the Ethernet port Counter for Ethernet packets which exited via the Ethernet port Counter for Ethernet packets which entered via the wireless Counter for Ethernet packets which exited via the wireless link Counter for the number of packets retransmitted via ARQ. August 15, 2011 Page 22 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Chapter 3 Configuration Key Concepts Prior to configuring the radios it is important to understand several key concepts: Master Unit (MU) The MU is typically considered the primary radio within the link. For management purposes it is recommended to install the MU closest to the head‐end of the network. Remote Unit (RU) The RU is typically installed at the remote end of the link. The primary distinction between the MU and RU is that when the radios are not associated, the MU will transmit and the RU will listen until the wireless link is established. Peer ID The Peer ID is defined as the MAC address of the opposite radio. In other words, the Peer ID of the MU is the RU’s MAC address and the Peer ID of the RU is the MU’s MAC address. Authentication is controlled by the MAC address of each radio. Opmode The radio has two modes of operation: 1) Opmode OFF – The radio is in a state which will not allow the establishment of a link with another radio. This state is mainly used for administration and pre‐ installation site survey 2) Opmode ON – The radio is in a state which allows it to establish a link to another radio if the proper settings are made. This is the normal “in service” state of the radio. Default Opmode Opmode (on or off) which the radio enters after reboot. Note: if you telnet into a radio within 30 seconds after reboot, the radio will remain in opmode OFF even if the default opmode is ON. Essentials to Establish a Wireless Link Configuration of the TrangoLINK‐45 system is simple and at a minimum requires the following settings: 1. Designate one radio’s unit type (utype) as the Master Unit (MU) and one unit as the Remote Unit (RU). 2. Program Peer ID in each radio. 3. Set MU and RU to same channel and antenna polarization 4. Set default Opmode to “ON” so that radio will automatically enter opmode after reboot. 5. Turn radios Opmode “ON”. If all of these parameters are met, and if the MU and RU are within range and properly aligned, the wireless link will automatically establish itself and Ethernet traffic will begin to pass between the radios. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 23 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Master Unit Configuration Start a telnet session with one of the radios. Follow these steps for configuration. 1. Set the Unit Type (utype) to MU in one radio. (default for all radios is RU) #> utype mu
Success.
#>
2. Set the Peer ID with the MAC address of the RU. Only use the last 8 digits of the MAC address. #> peerid de1B7850
Success.
#>
3. Set channel and polarization. (in this example set the channel to 2 and polarization to H). #> freq 2 h
Ch# 23 h (5280 MHz)
Success.
4. Set default Opmode to ON.
#> defaultopmode on
Success.
5. Reboot the radio #> reboot
(NOTE: It is critical to reboot after the utype has been changed before turning Opmode “On”) After the radio reboots, start another telnet session with the radio and proceed as follows:. 1. Turn Opmode ON. #> opmode on
Success.
.
Remote Unit Configuration
Configure the RU in the same manner as the MU. Since the default unit type (utype) is RU, you do not need to set this parameter. 1. Set the Peer ID with the MAC address of the MU. Only use the last 8 digits of the MAC address.
#> peerid de1B7842
Success.
#>
2. Set channel and polarization. (in this example set the channel to 2 and polarization to H). #> freq 2 h
Ch# 2 h (5280 MHz)
Success.
3. Set default Opmode to “ON.” #> defaultopmode on
Success.
4. Reboot the radio #> reboot
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 24 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 (NOTE: It is critical to reboot after the utype has been changed before turning Opmode “On”) After the radio reboots, start another telnet session with the radio and proceed as follows:. 1. Turn Opmode ON. #> opmode on
Success.
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 25 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Establishing a Wireless Link If the MU and RU are properly configured and in opmode “ON”, the two radios will automatically begin the authentication process and become connected. To determine if the two radios are connected, type the sysinfo 2 command. Example: #> sysinfo 2
********************************* 2 ********************************* [Radio
Temp] 34 C
[PoE Voltage] 14.2 V
[Opmode] on [Default Opmode] on
[Active Channel] 22 h [Freq] 5840 MHz
[Speed] 6 Mbps [Tx Power] 0 dBm [Power Range] -10..21 dBm
[Peer ID] DE1B784B [Status] connected
[RSSI] -75 dBm
[Peer IP Config] 10.254.1.3 255.255.255.248 10.254.1.1 [DFS
Status] idle
Success.
#>
The [status] field indicates whether the MU and RU are connected or disconnected. If connected, the MU and RU will automatically start passing Ethernet traffic over the wireless link. Changing IP Address Use the ipconfig command to change the radio’s ip address, subnet mask and gateway. Syntax: ipconfig [<ip> <subnet> <gateway>] Example:
#> ipconfig 10.8.2.140 255.255.255.240 10.8.2.129
New configuration: [ip] 10.8.2.140 [subnet mask] 255.255.255.240 [gateway]
10.8.2.129
save and activate ? (y/n) [ATTN] Telnet session will be terminated in 30 seconds.
Success.
#>
LEDs LEDs are visible on the unit’s PCB between the reset button and the RJ‐45 connector. The function of each LED is described below: LNK (green) Green: On solid for an established 10BaseT or 100BaseT Ethernet Link. SPEED Green: Solid if 100BaseT, Blinks only if there is activity (TX or RX) on the network when a 100 MBit connection is established. Off if a 10BaseT connection is established or if there is 10BaseT activity. RSSI (4 LEDs) Amber: Four LEDs In all modes except “Survey”, the unit’s four yellow LEDs indicate the level of RF signal being received from a VALID MU or RU as appropriate. Yellow LED 1 : Begins blinking when RSSI is greater or equal to –90 dBm. On solid at –85 dBm. This is the Leftmost LED. Yellow LED 2 : Begins blinking when RSSI is greater or equal to –80 dBm. On solid at –75 dBm. Yellow LED 3 : Begins blinking when RSSI is greater or equal to –70 dBm. On solid at –65 dBm. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 26 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Yellow LED 4 : Begins blinking when RSSI is greater or equal to –60 dBm. On solid at –55 dBm. This is the rightmost LED. If no VALID MU or RU signal is detected the LEDs will not be on at all. In addition, these 4 LEDs shall flash ON for 2 seconds, then OFF for 2 seconds to indicate the 'factory reset' button has been activated and the reset successful. ASSOCiation LED (green): The ASSOC led blinks at the following rates: ‐ Once every second when unit is powered on but opmode is OFF. ‐ Twice per second while in opmode ON and scanning for an MU or RU. ‐ Solid after unit is associated with the RU or MU. RF Link Loopback Test (linktest command) The linktest command is the primary tool to assess the quality of the link when opmode is on. The linktest command tests the throughput and packet error rate (PER) on the current channel for each direction at all speeds and reports results. This command also provides RSSI for both ends of the wireless link. The command can be run from either the MU or the RU. The linktest uses FEC but does NOT use ARQ, so all errors on the link are reported. Throughput numbers represent the absolute maximum bi‐directional capacity including the management header (which is not available for user payload) so actual user throughput measurements will be slightly less. In running the linktest command the user must specify the modulation speed for each end of the link. Command format: linktest <loc speed> <peer speed>. Valid modulation speeds are: 6, 12, 18, 24, 36,48, and 54 Mbps. Lower speeds will result in fewer dropped packets. Example:
# linktest 24 24
local tx rate = 24
Mbps peer
tx
rate = 24 Mbps packet
size = 1600 bytes
# of packets per period = 1000
# of Cycle = 10
0> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
1> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
2> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
3> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
4> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
5> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
6> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
7> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
8> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -36
9> [tx] 1000 [rx] 1000 [rssi] -37
peer:
peer:
peer:
peer:
peer:
peer:
peer:
peer:
peer:
peer:
--> [tx] 10000 [rx] 10000 [rssi] -36
--> [Local PER] 0.00 %
[Peer PER]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
[tx]
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
[rx]
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
[rssi]
-40
-40
-40
-40
-40
-40
-40
-40
-40
-40
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
22.01
22.01
22.01
22.01
22.01
22.01
22.01
22.00
22.01
22.01
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
peer: [tx] 10000 [rx] 10000 [rssi] -40
0.00 %
Success.
#>
In this example the linktest was run at 24 Mbps at each end of the link. The results indicated 10 cycles of 1000 packets were transmitted and received from each end of the link without error. Actual achievable throughput is measured at 22 Mbps. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 27 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Link Speed & Power Settings Users may change the radio’s over‐the‐air data rate and conducted output power using the speed and power commands. Keep in mind that the lower data rates offer higher receiver sensitivity and higher allowable conducted RF power in the ISM band. The following table shows the relation between speed settings, modulation scheme, receiver sensitivity, and allowable maximum power settings for each frequency band. The lowest power setting for all bands is –10 dBm. Speed Setting (over‐the‐air rate) (Mbps) Modulation Scheme Receiver
Sensitivity (dB) ‐ US / IC MODELS* Max Power
5.18 to 5.24 GHz (dBm) Max Power 5.265‐ 5.325, 5.5 to 5.7 GHz (DFS‐UNII) (dBm) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) 6 BPSK ‐92
NA
+2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) 12 QPSK ‐87
NA
+2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) 18 QPSK ‐85
NA
+2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) 24 16QAM ‐84
NA
+2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) 36 16QAM ‐80
NA
+2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) 48 64QAM ‐75
NA
+2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) 54 64QAM ‐73
NA
* NOTE: IC Model does not include the following frequency range 5600‐5650MHz Max Power
5.735 to 5.84
GHz (ISM) (dBm) +21
+19
+19
+18
+18
+17
+17
Speed Setting (over‐the‐air rate) (Mbps) Modulation Scheme Receiver
Sensitivity (dB) ‐ EU MODELS Max Power
5.18 to 5.24 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) 6 12 18 24 36 48 54 BPSK QPSK QPSK 16QAM 16QAM 64QAM 64QAM ‐92
NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) ‐87
‐85
‐84
‐80
‐75
‐73
NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) Speed Setting (over‐the‐air rate) (Mbps) Modulation Scheme Receiver
Sensitivity (dB) 6 12 18 24 36 48 54 BPSK QPSK QPSK 16QAM 16QAM 64QAM 64QAM ‐92
‐87
‐85
‐84
‐80
‐75
‐73
Max Power 5.26‐ 5.32, 5.5 to 5.7 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) Max Power
5.725 to 5.85 GHz (dBm) NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
LT‐9037A ‐ OE MODELS Max Power
5.18 to 5.24 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) +14
+13
+13
+12
+12
+11
+11
August 15, 2011 Max Power 5.26‐ 5.32, 5.5 to 5.7 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) Max Power
5.725 to 5.85 GHz (dBm) +14 +13 +13 +12 +12 +11 +11 +21
+19
+19
+18
+18
+17
+17
Page 28 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 In this example the user sets the power to 19dBm and the speed to 24 Mbps: #> power 19
Execution in progress...
.
19 dBm (-4..19)
Success.
#> speed 24
24 Mbps
Success.
#>
MU Autoscan Feature Description This feature allows the RU to actively search all channels and polarizations for its peer MU in the event of a disassociation. This feature is useful if the user frequently changes the channel/polarization of the MU . If enabled, the autoscanmu routine in the RU performs a search for the peer MU by actively scanning all available channels and polarizations. NOTE: Autoscanning is always active when operating on DFS channels. Notes regarding the autoscanmu feature: 1)
2)
3)
4)
The RU will not activate the autoscan process after first 60 seconds of turning on opmode. The RU will start the auto scan process If RU loses association for more than 10 seconds,. The whole process will scan ALL (DFS and non DFS) available frequencies and polarizations in channel tables. For each frequency, radio will survey both polarizations, H and V. It will record the following information: ‐
Association ‐
average RSSI of receiving P5055M packets After scanning all available frequencies in the channel plan, the radio will select the channel based on the strongest average RSSI for receiving packets. If no channel is selected after completing the cycle, the process will start again. 5)
6)
IMPORTANT NOTE FOR ‐EU MODELS: The RF transmit power limits are lower for the lower (5.26 to 5.35 GHz) band than the upper (5.5 to 5.7 GHz band) by 7 dB. It is possible that after a radar event occurs on a link operating in the upper band, the MU may choose a channel in the lower band. The max transmit power will be reduced on both ends of the link by 7 dB. If the link budget does not support this reduced transmit power, the link may not re‐establish or may re‐establish at a much lower speed. It is recommended that fade margins greater than 10 dB always be used to prevent the situation described above. Example: #> autoscanmu on
Success.
#>
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 29 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Automatic Rate Shifting Feature Description With autorateshift feature enabled, the radios will automatically renegotiate the modulation method and speed speed to maximize wireless link integrity. The link speed will vary depending on two factors: 1) the number of ARQ errors received, 2) successful processing of special link assessment packets sent in both the current and next higher speed. The radio will shift to the next higher in speed when no errors are detected. The radio will shift down in speed if error rate is excessive. Notes regarding the autorateshift feature: 1. The radio will begin initial speed test when upon association to peer radio. There are 40 steps and around 50 seconds to complete this initial test. The radio will send link assessment packets (3600 byte packets at a rate of 100 packets per second) at the highest speed (54 Mbps). The radio will deliver payload at the speed which is specified before association. If the assessment packet dropping rate is higher than 10 percent, the speed test will decrease the speed for assessment packets. If the current payload speed is higher than the speed of assessment packet, the radio will set the current payload speed to be the same as the assessment packet’s speed. If the current payload speed is lower than the assessment packet’s speed and more than 500 assessment packets have been transmitted, the radio will set the payload speed to be the same as assessment packet’s speed. 2. After completion of initial speed test, the radio will set the payload speed to be the same as the final speed of initial speed test. 3. The radio will check link quality and adjust payload speed periodically. a. The radio will increase payload speed every 60 seconds, if i. Speed test which is running at higher speed is successful. –and‐ ii. Payload’s ARQ retransmit rate is less than 10 percent. b. Radio will decrease payload speed every 10 seconds, if i. Speed test which is running at payload speed is failure. –and‐ ii. Payload’s ARQ retransmit rate is higher than 10 percent. 4. Payload speed can be changed manually when auto rate shift is on. But the speed setting will not be sustained. Example:
#> autorateshift on
Success.
#>
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 30 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Encryption Feature Description The TrangoLINK‐45 system offers 128 bit proprietary encryption which may be turned on or off by the user. The HEX encryption key must be set in both the MU and RU. Users can expect faster payload speeds with encryption turned off as compared to with encryption turned on. Example: #> encrypt on
Success.
#> encrypt key 1111 2222 3333 4444 5555 6666 7777 8888
argc = 10
Success.
#>
MIR Feature Description Maximum Information rate is configurable on both the MU and RU. The MIR function is performed on the transmit side only and is based on a one second timing interval. During each one second timing interval, the total bits transferred is compared to the MIR limit configured by the user. When the limit is exceeded, no more data is sent and the packets in the queue will be dropped. This function is useful for reserving more bandwidth in one direction than the other. If left wide open, the system will respond to bandwidth demand as needed, allowing the full bandwidth of the channel to be used by either direction. Example: #> mir 10000
Success.
#>
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 31 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Command Reference Listing The complete command set reference is provided below. You can also view a complete listing of all CLI commands by typing help. Command Syntax antenna [h|v] Description
Set or display antenna setting. H=Horizontal polarity, V=vertical
polarity.
Enable or disable Auto Retransmit Request (ARQ). With ARQ
enabled, the TrangoLINK‐45 system will retransmit packets which are detected as missing or corrupted. Default setting=ON.
Enable or disable automatic rate shift feature. With autorateshift
enabled, the radios will automatically renegotiate speed setting to maximize wireless link integrity. Default setting=OFF. arq [on|off] autorateshift [on|off] Notes: • Radio will start to perform diagnostic speed test approximately 50 seconds after association. • Radio will set new speed after finishing speed test. • Radio will check link quality for increasing speed every 60 seconds. • Radio will check link quality for decreasing speed every 10 seconds. • Link quality is based on ARQ retransmit statistics and speed assessment packets. • Radio’s speed can be changed manually when auto rate shift
is on, however the speed will not be sustained. • If auto rate shift is turned on after association, the radio will
not perform speed test. • If auto rate shift is turned off after associated, radio will not
perform regular link quality assessment. 8021p [on|off] enable or disable 802.1p autopl [on|off] enable or disable auto power leveling
autopl targetrssi <dB, ‐55..‐70> set target rssi, default = ‐62 In RU, if it is DFS channel, autopl will always on LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 32 Trango Systems, Inc autoscanmu [on|off] TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Enable or disable auto scan MU (RU only). Default setting=OFF .
When autoscanmu is turned on, the RU will automatically scan all channels and polarizations searching for its peer MU. Once the RU detects the MU it will stop scanning and lock onto the channel of the MU. The autoscan feature is useful in cases where the user changes the channel at the MU because the RU will automatically search for the new channel of the MU. Note: auto‐scanning may take as long as 5 minutes. Notes: • RU will not perform auto scan during the first 60 sec after opmode is turned on. • RU will initiate auto scan cycle after losing sync for 10 seconds. • RU will scan all “available channels” and antenna polarizations. • After finishing scan cycle, RU will pick the best channel and antenna by a) has sync and b) has highest packet rssi. Afterwards RU will change to that channel with max power.
• If no channel is selected after finishing scan cycle, RU will initiate auto scan cycle again after 10 seconds. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 33 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 defaultopmode [on|off] Set or display default opmode. Radio must be set to opmode ON to
establish wireless link. Default setting=OFF
Enable or disable proprietary 128 bit tx encryption. Default setting=OFF
Change encryption key (128 bits)
<key> = xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Exit telnet session
Set or display channel and antenna selection. Modify channel table, up to 6 channels at a time. Restore factory default channel table.
Display command usage and syntax.
Change ip configuration.
<ip> = ip address <subnet> = subnet mask <gateway> = gateway ip address
RF link loopback test .
encrypt [on|off] encrypt key <key> exit freq [<ch#> <antenna>] freq writechannel <ch#> <freq>… freq writechannel default help [<command>] ipconfig [<ip> <subnet> <gateway>] linktest <local tx rate> <peer tx rate> [<pkt size> [<# of pkt> [<# of cycle>]]] mir [<kbps>] opmode [on|off] password <ro|rw|upgrade> peerid [<peer device id>] power [<dBm>] reboot remarks reset rssi rssiled [on|off] speed [<tx rate>] survey [<sec>] survey <sec> all survey <sec> [<ch#> [..]] sysinfo LT‐9037A This is the primary loopback test utility for evaluating over‐the‐air link quality. Provides link reliability information and dropped packet statistics. Standard linktest transmits 1600 byte packets, 1000 packets per second for 10 cycles. User can specify packet size, quantity of packets, number of cycles <tx rate> = 6,12,18,24,36,48,54 Mbps Set or display tx maximum information rate (MIR). MU and RU
can be set with different mir for asymmetric upload and download. <kbps> = 100..50000
Set or display operation mode (on or off)
Change password.
<ro> = for read‐only <rw> = for read‐write <upgrade> = for upgrading firmware
Set or display peer device id.
Set or display tx power..
<dBm> is limited by area (ref: “sysinfo 4”)
Reboot unit.
Enter user remarks up to 80 characters.
Restore all factory defaults except ipconfig and passwords.
Display RF relative signal strength indication (rssi) from peer radio.
Enable or disable rssi LED update.
Set or display tx rate
<tx rate> = 6,12,18,24,36,48,54 Mbps
Display noise floor for current channel .
<sec> = period 10..3600
default = 10
Display noise floor for all available channels. Display noise floor for selected channels.
Display all system information.
August 15, 2011 Page 34 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 sysinfo [[<part #> [<part #> [..]]]] syslog tftpd [on|off] utype [mu|ru] vlan vlan none vlan <id,2..4095> cos vlan <id,2..4095> nocos LT‐9037A Display system information and status
<part #> = 0..6 part 0: up time and version information part 1: MAC address and IP configuration part 2: RF link status part 3: channel table part 4: region code and power limitations part 5: switch settings and remarks
Display system log.
Enable or disable tftpd (used for firmware upgrades). Set or display unit type.
show current status
Disable vlan
enable and assign vlan tag with cos
enable and assign vlan tag without cos
August 15, 2011 Page 35 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Chapter 4 Deployment & Installation Once you are familiar with the basic operation of the radios you are ready for deployment in the field. The deployment process consists of the following steps: 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Site Selection Site survey at MU and RU sites MU installation RU installation and antenna alignment Link test Site Selection Proper site selection for your MU will help ensure a successful deployment. Site selection will depend on a wide variety of factors, but from the radio’s performance standpoint, please consider the following: • • • • Path from MU to RU should provide unobstructed line‐of‐sight (LOS), thus it is advisable to place MU as high as possible on a tall building or tower. Ethernet cable limit is 100 meters from Ethernet device (router, switch) to radio. Radios should never be deployed without proper grounding. Consider nearby sources of interference that could degrade the performance of the radio. Mount radios as far from sources of interference as possible. Site survey The radios provide an on‐board site survey tool which measure the average and peak noise levels on any given channel. To use the survey tool, the radio must be in Opmode “OFF.” The survey can be performed for any specified amount of time (in seconds), and for specific channels or for all channel/antenna polarization combinations. Prior to performing the site survey, place the radio in the installation spot, and aim the radio in the desired direction. The survey command will display the average and peak noise floor for each channel as well as average and peak RSSI received during the same period for 802.11 packets. Users may run any of the following variations of the survey command: survey survey [<sec>] <sec> all survey <sec> [<ch#> [..]] channel display noise floor for current channel based on 10 second scan. display noise floor for current channel for period <sec> 10..3600 seconds survey display noise floor for all available channels where <sec> = period per channel display noise floor for selected channels (max 4) where <sec> = period per <ch#> = channel number LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 36 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Example: #> survey 10 all
Press 'q' to stop.
noise floor (peak/avg dBm)
Ch
1 h 5265
Ch
1 v
Ch
2 h 5285
Ch
2 v
Ch
3 h 5305
Ch
3 v
Ch
4 h 5325
Ch
4 v
Ch
5 h 5500
Ch
5 v
Ch
6 h 5520
Ch
6 v
Ch
7 h 5540
Ch
7 v
Ch
8 h 5560
Ch
8 v
Ch
9 h 5580
Ch
9 v
Ch 10 h 5600
Ch 10 v
Ch 11 h 5620
Ch 11 v
Ch 12 h 5640
Ch 12 v
Ch 13 h 5660
Ch 13 v
Ch 14 h 5680
Ch 14 v
Ch 15 h 5700
Ch 15 v
Ch 16 h 5735
Ch 16 v
Ch 17 h 5755
Ch 17 v
Ch 18 h 5775
Ch 18 v
Ch 19 h 5795
Ch 19 v
Ch 20 h 5815
Ch 20 v
Ch 21 h 5835
Ch 21 v
Ch 22 h 5840
Ch 22 v
Ch 23 h 5840
Ch 23 v
Ch 24 h 5840
Ch 24 v
Success.
#>
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rssi by pkt (peak/avg dBm)
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Channel Planning Based on the results of the site survey at each end of the link, choose a channel which offers the lowest noise floor. In order to reliably operate in the higher speed modes, clean spectrum is essential. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 37 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 RSSI Command and Antenna Alignment Once the site survey is completed, you are ready to install your radios. Typically it is best to install the MU first. To properly align the radios, use the built‐in RSSI tool to achieve maximum signal strength. 1. Ensure MU and RU are in Opmode “ON.” 2. Connect to the RU. 3. Login and type the command rssi. As you read the RSSI, move the antenna in the horizontal and vertical planes until the maximum RSSI reading is achieved 4. If it is not possible to receive an adequate RSSI reading, it may be necessary to reorient the MU (up/down, left/right), to increase the output power of the MU, or to move the RU to a location with better line‐of‐sight conditions to the MU. 5. Once you are satisfied with the RSSI reading, tighten down the RU in the optimum position. Example: #> rssi
Press any key to stop.
0> MU
-75 dB
1> MU
-75 dB
2> MU
-73 dB
3> MU
-72 dB
4> MU
-70 dB
5> MU
-70 dB
6> MU
-69 dB
7> MU
-70 dB
8> MU
-70 dB
9> MU
-67 dB
10> MU
-67 dB
Success.
RU
RU
RU
RU
RU
RU
RU
RU
RU
RU
RU
-75
-75
-73
-71
-70
-69
-70
-70
-70
-68
-67
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Connected
Users can also view the RSSI LEDs on the bottom of the radio. See the configuration section of this manual for more information. Setting Maximum RF Power for Legal Operation in the U‐NII Bands (‐EXT only) Due to FCC restrictions the professional installer must manually set the maximum power for the 5.25 to 5.35 GHz and 5.47 to 5.725 GHz U‐NII bands based upon which external antenna antenna is being used. In all cases, EIRP cannot exceed +28 dBm. Antenna Gain + Radio Max Power Setting = 28 ‐ Antenna gain + cable loss. As an example, if the radio is being installed with a 34 dBi antenna with a 1 dB loss cable, then the radio max U‐NII power must be fixed to –5 dBm. The following chart provides additional details. Antenna Gain
–cable loss
26
30
33
LT‐9037A Maximum Allowed
U‐NII Tx Power
+2 dBm
0 dBm
‐5 dBm
August 15, 2011 Page 38 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Port Plug and Port Plate (Hardware) Prior to deployment, insert the silicone port plug around the Cat‐5 Cable and insert into the radio’s port opening. Next, screw the port plate over the silicone plug as shown in the photographs below. Mounting Hardware
Radios are supplied with mounting hardware for pole installations. See diagram below for proper use of the mounting hardware. 8.50 MAX
10.00°
UPTILT
25.00° DOWNTILT
Mounting Hardware Assembly for Integrated Antenna‐23‐xx
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 39 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Mounting Hardware Assembly for P5055M‐EXT‐xx Connecting External Antenna on EXT Model The P5055‐EXT‐xx is equipped with two reverse‐polarity SMA connectors on the top for attachment to an external antenna. Each SMA connector is labeled with either “V” for Vertical or “H” for Horizontal polarization. Connect each cable to the appropriate “H” and “V” ports on both the antenna and the radio. Weatherizing It is important to properly seal each antenna connection to protect against moisture and corrosion. Each TrangoLINK‐45 radio is shipped with a packet of Coax‐Seal connector sealant which should be applied over each of the SMA connectors. Coax‐ Seal is a gum‐like tape which is applied by wrapping around the connector and then compressed/molded to form a single cohesive protective covering over the connector. NOTE: IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE COAXSEAL IS OVERLAPPING THE CASE TO PREVENT WATER FROM COLLECTING IN THE RECESSED AREA OF THE CONNECTOR To properly apply the Coax‐Seal product first wrap the connector/case as shown: Secondly, compress the Coax‐Seal product to mold into a single protective covering: LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 40 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Grounding Proper mounting of the radio includes consideration for grounding. Please note that if the radio is attached to a metal pole that is earth‐grounded, no other grounding is necessary. If the radio is not earth‐grounded via the mounting bracket, you must attach a grounding wire to the grounding stud on the radio as in the adjacent diagram. Grounding Wire
Cat‐5 Cabling Considerations Shielded twisted pair Cat‐5 cable is recommended for all installations. The shield within the Cat‐5 cable does not need to be grounded if the radio itself is grounded. It is important to consider that most Cat‐5 cable will deteriorate over time if exposed to the weather (especially direct sunlight). It is recommended that installers place all Cat‐5 cables inside conduit. Plastic conduit is sufficient. If metal conduit is used, it is not necessary to use shielded Cat‐5 cable. ! Important! Please note that the silicon strain relief has a small gap when the cable is installed. This is normal. ! It is important to provide strain relief and drip loop for STP Cat‐5 cables. Do not mount the radio upside down as water will enter the bottom of the radio and cause permanent damage ! Important! The Power‐over‐Ethernet injector is not a weatherized device and must be located either indoors or in a weather‐protected cabinet. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 41 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Chapter 5 SNMP SNMP The TrangoLINK‐45 supports SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol). Network management consists of the following 3 categories: configuration, Link and Association monitoring and Alarms. Besides this proprietary Management Information Base (MIB) the TrangoLINK‐45 also supports a large part of the MIB‐II OIDs. These capabilities allow the system administrator to provide superior service through higher network accessibility and integrated performance monitoring. Review the Trango MIB (TRANGO‐P5M‐MIB.mib) available on our website for the complete listing of all MIB objects available. Depending on your Network Node Manager (NNM) it may be necessary to append a “.0” onto the end of each of the OIDs listed below for proper operation. Objects for Configuration
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.1.1
Name
verUnitType
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.8.3
sysswAutoScanMUSignal
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.3
sysDefaultOpmode
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.4
sysCurrentOpmode
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.5
sysActivateOpmode
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.13.1
sysipconfigIpAddress
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.13.2
sysipconfigSubnet
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.13.3
sysipconfigDefaultGateway
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.13.4
sysipconfigChange
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.2.1
rfPeerDeviceID
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.2.2
rfActiveChannel
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.2.3
rfActivePolarization
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.2.4
rfSpeed
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.2.5
rfTxPower
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.14
sysRemarks
Objects for Link and Association Monitoring
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.2.12
rfRSSI
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.2.13
rfAssociated
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.3.2
ruReboot
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.3.3
ruDistance
Objects for Bandwidth Monitoring
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.9.1
systrafficEthInOctets
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.9.2
systrafficEthOutOctets
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.9.3
systrafficRfInOctets
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.1.9.4
systrafficRfOutOctets
Objects for Alarm Monitoring
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.3.4.1.1
trapTrapDstEntry
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.3.4.1.2
trapTrapDstEnabling
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.3.4.2
trapTrapIpAddress
1.3.6.1.4.1.5454.1.40.3.4.3
trapTrapCommStr
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Description
Returns radios unit type
(0 = RU, 1= MU)
Returns value of Auto Scan switch
(0 = off,1 = on)
Returns defaultOpmode setting
(0 = off,1 = on)
Returns current opmode setting
(0 = off,1 = on)
Turns opmode on
Sets IP address
Sets subnet
Set default gateway
Activates IP address change
Configure PeerID
Displays current channel
Displays current antenna polarization
Displays current Speed setting
Displays current transmit power (dBm)
Display radios remarks
Displays RSSI value (dBm)
Displays current association status
(0 = disassociated,1 = associated)
Reboots RU
Displays current ru distance
Displays Ethernet in (bytes)
Displays Ethernet out (bytes)
Displays RF in (bytes)
Displays RF out (bytes)
Enable/Disable trap
Set destination trap IP
Set trap community string
Page 42 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Chapter 6 Firmware Upgrade Procedure Trango Broadband Wireless will from time to time release firmware upgrades for the TrangoLINK‐45 series radios. The latest released firmware can be downloaded from http://www.trangobroadband.com/support/downloads.htm. Firmware releases consists of two files: Main image firmware and Web (HTTP interface) firmware. Firmware File Names Firmware files are released in the format shown below. This example consists of main image and web firmware versions 2p0r1. Main Image: p5055m_main_2p0r1D07061104_Pupgrade Firmware Version: 2p0r1D07061104 File Size: 2,107,904 bytes Web p5055m_web_1p3D07051701_Pupgrade File Size: 143,872 bytes Firmware Upgrade Password The firmware filenames include the upgrade password (the characters after the ‘_P’ in the file name) The default upgrade password in the TrangoLINK‐45 radios is upgrade. Users may change the upgrade password within the radios using the password upgrade command. Firmware release files from Trango Broadband Wireless will always be names with the default upgrade password of upgrade. If the user changes the upgrade password in the radio, then the firmware file name must be changed as well in order to upgrade the radios. Upgrade Procedure 1. Place firmware files in easily accessible path in your computer. 2. In order to provide the most stable wireless conditions possible during the upgrade process it is recommended to set the radio speed to the minimum (6 Mbps) in both the MU and RU. Turn autorateshifting off during the upgrade. 3. Turn on the radio’s tftp daemon 4. From computer’s command prompt, tftp the firmware file into the radio using binary mode. 5. After file is successfully tftp’d to the radio, the radio will automatically reboot itself and load the new firmware IMPORTANT: DO NOT POWER CYCLE OR INTERUPT THE REBOOT PROCESS IN ANY MANNER. WAIT AT LEAST THREE MINUTES TO ENSURE AUTOMATIC REBOOT COMPLETION. LOSS OF POWER DURING THE REBOOT SEQUENCE WILL RESULT IN A CORRUPTED/INCOMPLETE FIRMWARE LOAD WHICH WILL REQUIRE REFLASHING AT THE FACTORY. 6. Repeat process for other radio 7. Repeat process for web file. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 43 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Example 1 Upgrade main image firmware to 1.0a6 FROM RADIO TELNET SESSION Welcome to Trango Broadband Wireless, TrangoLINK-45 PtP-P5055M 2p0r1D07061104
Password:
Login as read/write.
#> tftpd on
Success.
#>
FROM COMPUTER COMMAND PROMPT SESSION C:\TrangoLINK-45>dir
Volume in drive C is Local Disk
Volume Serial Number is 7802-AAF7
Directory of C:\TrangoLINK-45
06/16/
2007
06/16/
06/11/
05/17/
2 File(s)
2 Dir(s)
08:29a
<DIR>
08:29a
<DIR>
04:31
2,107,904
05:44
143,872
2,251,776 bytes
20,217,208,832 bytes
.
..
p5055m_main_2p0r1D07061104_Pupgrade
p5055m_web_1p3D07051701_Pupgrade
free
C:\TrangoLINK-45>tftp -i 10.254.1.2 put p5m_ p5055m_main_2p0r1D07061104_Pupgrade
Transfer successful: 1868288 bytes in 9 seconds, 2107904 bytes/s
C:\TrangoLINK-45>
NOTE: AT THIS POINT WAIT THREE MINUTES BEFORE RECONNECTING AS RADIO REBOOTS ITSELF WITH NEW FIRMWARE
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 44 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Appendix A Using the HTTP Interface Open a browser session and type in the IP address of one of the radios. Default IP address is 192.168.100.100. Leave the User name field blank and enter read write or read only Password. Press OK. Default password is trango. After logging on, the system information screen will be displayed. Navigation links are shown on the left side of the browser screen. Navigable links include: System Information Configuration Site Survey Link Control Help The lower left portion of the screen shows the unit’s current opmode, connection, channel, and antenna status. The main body of the System Information page displays most of the key parameters. To alter these parameters use the Configuration page. To log off of the web browser interface, close the browser and the HTTP session will be automatically terminated. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 45 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 System Information Page The current radio and link status can be viewed from the System Information Page. For changes the Configuration Page should be used. Model: Model number. Unit Type: P5055M unit type either MU (master) or RU (remote). Hardware Version: Hardware version is factory‐set and cannot be changed by user. Firmware Version: System Up Time: MAC: IP, Subnet Mask, Gateway: LT‐9037A Current firmware version loaded in the radio. Time since radio was last rebooted or powered. MAC address of the radio. IP, subnet mask, and gateway of radio August 15, 2011 Page 46 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Opmode: Current operation of the radio.\"On\" indicates transmitting. \"Off\" indicates not transmitting. Default Opmode: Opmode which radio enters after reboot or power cycle. Peer ID: User entered MAC address of the peer unit. In the MU, Peer ID is the MAC address of the RU. In the RU, Peer ID is the MAC address of the MU. Status: Status of Remote Unit. Connected (wireless link established) or disconnected (wireless link not established). RSSI: Relative Signal Strength Indicator. Displays signal strength received from the Remote Unit. 'n/a' indicates Remote Unit is not connected. Tx MIR: Tx Power: Transmit Maximum Information Rate to the peer unit. Channel:
RF Channel Transmit power Channel Table: Set of channels based on the area code setting. Channels which are lined‐ out are not available for use based on area code setting. Area Code: Country code – defines set of available channels and maximum power based on regulatory restrictions. Setting cannot be changed by user. Auto Rate Shift: See definition in Configuration section Auto Scan MU: RSSI LED: Remarks: Eth In: Eth Out: RF In: See definition in Configuration section. Counter for Ethernet packets which entered over‐the‐air into the radio. RF Out: Counter for Ethernet packets which exited over‐the‐air out the radio. . See definition in Configuration section. See definition in Configuration section. Counter for Ethernet packets which entered via the Ethernet port of the radio. Counter for Ethernet packets which exited via the Ethernet port of the radio. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 47 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Configuration Page All user configurable parameters can be entered from the Configuration Page and this is the only page used to provision a wireless link between the two radios. IP Address: The IP address of this radio; used to manage the radio's application layer. Subnet Mask: The subnet mask of the radio. Gateway: The default gateway of the radio. Default Opmode: Operation mode of the radio after power cycle. When Opmode is \"On\" the radio will attempt to make a wireless connection. When Opmode is \"Off\" the radio is not transmitting, but can be managed from the wired side. In addition to setting Default Opmode to \"Off\", Opmode can be set to \"Off\" by interrupting the radios boot‐up cycle in the first 30 seconds after power up Peer ID: Check Boxes: User entered MAC address of the partner unit. Checked means active Auto Rate Shifting LT‐9037A When enabled, radio will automatically shift TX rate up or down depending on link quality. August 15, 2011 Page 48 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Autoscan MU (RU Only). If this switch is enabled, when not connected to MU, the RU will automatically automatically scan all available channels and frequencies RSSI LED Enables and disables RSSI LEDs. Disabling the LEDs provides slight improvement to radio performance. Typically RSSI LEDs should be enabled during alignment and disabled during normal operation. Active Channel/Polarization: The current channel and polarization of the radio when Opmode is \"On\". Speed: Transmit over‐the‐air raw data rate. Power: Transmit RF power setting. Range: Allowable range of the transmit power based on the current settings of the active channel and the speed. Remarks: A descriptive text field for general use (i.e. the location of the unit). It does not affect system performance. MIR: Set Maximum Information Rate for network traffic. ARQ: . Auto Retransmit Request. When enabled, dropped packets are detected at the receiver and retransmitted by the transmitter. Encrypt: . Encryption. Enables and disables proprietary 128 bit over‐the‐air encryption. Key: . Activate Opmode On: Activate Opmode Off: Reboot: 128 Encryption Key. Must match in both MU and RU. Reboot the unit. Close All Telnet Sessions: Close all the active telnet sessions. Activates radio's Opmode to "On"‐transmitting. Activates radio's Opmode to "Off" not‐transmitting. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 49 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Configuration Screen – Minimum Required Settings to Establish a Wireless Link To configure a wireless link, user must (at a minimum) enter the following information: Unit Type: Set one radio as the MU and one radio as the RU. Click on “Change Unit Type” to save the setting. IP Configuration: Each radio should be set up with a unique IP address to enable remote management. Click on “Change IP Config” to save the setting. Default Opmode: Should be “On”. Radio will enter default opmode approximately 30 seconds after complete reboot cycle. Opmode must be “On” for radios to transmit and wirelessly connect. Peer ID: Enter the last 8 digits of the peer units MAC address. P5055M radios will only wirelessly connect to the peer ID with the specified MAC address. Active Channel: Select a channel & antenna polarization. Both MU and RU should be set to the same channel unless RU’s “Auto Scan Master Unit Signal Enable” is enabled. If Auto Scan is enabled, the RU will automatically scan all channels and polarizations searching for it’s peer MU. Once the MU is detected, the RU will automatically set its active channel and antenna polarization to that of the MU. Click “Save and Activate Settings” to save settings. If all settings are entered correctly, and if radios are within operating range – the MU and RU will automatically wirelessly connect and Ethernet traffic will begin to pass across the wireless link. To verify connection status, refer to the System Information page. The status can be viewed in the left‐hand margin portion of all HTTP screens. Signal strength (RSSI) received from the peer radio is also provided on this screen.
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 50 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Site Survey Page The site survey function measures overall noise floor as well as in‐band noise containing data packets. Noise is reported in terms of average and peak dBm for the period tested. The user specifies duration of the test in minutes as well as the antenna port. To run a site survey, the radio must be in Opmode OFF. In this example the site survey function was performed for 1 minute on the vertical polarity. The lower band (5250 –
5340 Mhz) is reported to be relatively clean with a noise floor in the range of –97 to –98 dBm. The noise floor in the
upper band (5735 – 5835 MHz) is higher and ranges from –58 dBm (at 5735 Mhz) to –90 dBm (at frequency 5775 MHz.
In this example, channel 19 is the noisiest and should be avoided.
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 51 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Link Control The Link Control page features the RF Link Loopback / Speed Test. In this test, the user specifies the transmission rate (in Mbps) in both the local radio and the peer radio as well as the duration time (in minutes) for the test. During the test, the local radio will transmit packets across the wireless link. The peer radio will retransmit equivalent packets back to the local radio. The test will measure and report error rate and actual throughput as measured in Mbps. The following link test was run for 60 seconds with a specified TX rate of 54 Mbps per end. To run a link loopback test, both radios must be in Opmode ON and status “Connected” In this example, the error rate was 0 packets from MU to RU and 0 packets from RU to MU. Measured aggregate bandwidth is 43.39 Mbps. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 52 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Appendix B Specifications RF Parameters RF Conducted Power and Receiver sensitivity for 1x10‐3 Frame error rate with ARQ active: Speed Setting (over‐the‐air rate) (Mbps) Modulation Scheme Receiver
Sensitivity (dB) ‐ US / IC MODELS* Max Power
5.18 to 5.24 GHz (dBm) 6(5) BPSK ‐92
NA
12(11) QPSK ‐87
NA
18(16) QPSK ‐85
NA
24(20) 16QAM ‐84
NA
36(31) 16QAM ‐80
NA
48(40) 64QAM ‐75
NA
54(45) 64QAM ‐73
NA
*Note IC models excludes 5.600‐5.650GHz frequency range. Max Power 5.265‐ 5.325, 5.5 to 5.7 GHz (DFS‐UNII) (dBm) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) +2 (‐EXT) ,+6 (‐23), +10(‐19) Max Power
5.735 to 5.84
GHz (ISM) (dBm) +21
+19
+19
+18
+18
+17
+17
Speed Setting (over‐the‐air rate) (Mbps) Modulation Scheme Receiver
Sensitivity (dB) ‐ EU MODELS Max Power
5.18 to 5.24 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) 6(5) 12(11) 18(16) 24(20) 36(31) 48(40) 54(45) BPSK QPSK QPSK 16QAM 16QAM 64QAM 64QAM ‐92
NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) ‐87
‐85
‐84
‐80
‐75
‐73
NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) NA (‐EXT) ,+0 (‐23), +4(‐19)
+3 (‐EXT) ,+7 (‐23), +11(‐19) Max Power 5.26‐ 5.32, 5.5 to 5.7 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) Max Power
5.725 to 5.85 GHz (dBm) NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 53 Trango Systems, Inc Speed Setting (Max Tput) (Mbps) Modulation Scheme Receiver
Sensitivity (dB) 6(5) 12(11) 18(16) 24(20) 36(31) 48(40) 54(45) BPSK QPSK QPSK 16QAM 16QAM 64QAM 64QAM ‐92
‐87
‐85
‐84
‐80
‐75
‐73
TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 ‐ OE MODELS Max Power
5.18 to 5.24 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) Max Power 5.26‐ 5.32, 5.5 to 5.7 GHz (ETSI) (dBm) Max Power
5.725 to 5.85 GHz (dBm) +14 +13 +13 +12 +12 +11 +11 +21
+19
+19
+18
+18
+17
+17
+14
+13
+13
+12
+12
+11
+11
NOTE: Numbers in parentheses are actual max user aggregate throughput speeds RF Data Rate: Error Correction: Modulation: 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 MBPS User selectable FEC & ARQ 6 MBPS DBPSK OFDM for header, 6‐54 MBPS OFDM for payload Channels of Operation Storable Channels: 24 memory locations Center frequency ranges: (‐US models) Band 1: Band 2: Band 3: Band 4: NA 5.265 to 5.325 GHz (DFS) 5.500 to 5.700 GHz (DFS) 5.735 to 5.840 GHz (‐IC models) Band 1: Band 2: Band 3: Band 4: NA 5.265 to 5.325 GHz (DFS) 5.500 to 5.700 GHz (DFS) excluding 5.600‐5.650GHz 5.735 to 5.840 GHz (‐EU models) Band 1: Band 2: Band 3: Band 4: 5.180 to 5.240 GHz 5.260 to 5.320 GHz (DFS) 5.500 to 5.700 GHz (DFS) NA (‐OE models) Band 1: Band 2: Band 3: Band 4: 5.180 to 5.240 GHz 5.260 to 5.320 GHz (DFS) 5.500 to 5.700 GHz (DFS) 5.735 to 5.840 GHz LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 54 Trango Systems, Inc Tuning resolution: TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 5 MHz increments Default Channel assignments: (‐US Models) Channel 1: 5.265 GHz Channel 2: 5.285 GHz Channel 3: 5.305 GHz Channel 4: 5.325 GHz Channel 5: 5.500 GHz Channel 6: 5.520 GHz Channel 7: 5.540 GHz Channel 8: 5.560 GHz Channel 9: 5.580 GHz Channel 10: 5.600 GHz Channel 11: 5.620 GHz Channel 12: 5.640 GHz Channel 13: 5.660 GHz Channel 14: 5.680 GHz Channel 15: 5.700 GHz Channel 16: 5.735 GHz Channel 17: 5.755 GHz Channel 18: 5.775 GHz Channel 19: 5.795 GHz Channel 20: 5.815 GHz Channel 21: 5.835 GHz Channel 22: 5.840 GHz Channel 23: 5.840 GHz Channel 24: 5.840 GHz (‐IC Models) Channel 1: 5.265 GHz Channel 2: 5.285 GHz Channel 3: 5.305 GHz Channel 4: 5.325 GHz Channel 5: 5.500 GHz Channel 6: 5.520 GHz Channel 7: 5.540 GHz Channel 8: 5.560 GHz Channel 9: 5.580 GHz Channel 10: Disabled Channel 11: Disabled Channel 12: Disabled Channel 13: 5.660 GHz Channel 14: 5.680 GHz Channel 15: 5.700 GHz Channel 16: 5.735 GHz Channel 17: 5.755 GHz Channel 18: 5.775 GHz Channel 19: 5.795 GHz Channel 20: 5.815 GHz LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 55 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Channel 21: 5.835 GHz Channel 22: 5.840 GHz Channel 23: 5.840 GHz Channel 24: 5.840 GHz (‐EU Models) Channel 1: 5.180 GHz Channel 2: 5.200 GHz Channel 3: 5.220 GHz Channel 4: 5.240 GHz Channel 5: 5.260 GHz Channel 6: 5.280 GHz Channel 7: 5.300 GHz Channel 8: 5.320 GHz Channel 9: 5.500 GHz Channel 10: 5.520 GHz Channel 11: 5.540 GHz Channel 12: 5.560 GHz Channel 13: 5.580 GHz Channel 14: 5.600 GHz Channel 15: 5.620 GHz Channel 16: 5.640 GHz Channel 17: 5.660 GHz Channel 18: 5.680 GHz Channel 19: 5.700 GHz Channel 20: Disabled Channel 21: Disabled Channel 22: Disabled Channel 23: Disabled Channel 24: Disabled (‐OE Models) Channel 1: 5.180 GHz Channel 2: 5.200 GHz Channel 3: 5.220 GHz Channel 4: 5.240 GHz Channel 5: 5.260 GHz Channel 6: 5.280 GHz Channel 7: 5.300 GHz Channel 8: 5.320 GHz Channel 9: 5.500 GHz Channel 10: 5.520 GHz Channel 11: 5.540 GHz Channel 12: 5.560 GHz Channel 13: 5.580 GHz Channel 14: 5.600 GHz Channel 15: 5.620 GHz Channel 16: 5.640 GHz Channel 17: 5.660 GHz Channel 18: 5.680 GHz LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 56 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Channel 19: 5.700 GHz Channel 20: 5.740 GHz Channel 21: 5.760 GHz Channel 22: 5.780GHz Channel 23: 5.820 GHz Channel 24: 5.840 GHz Data Parameters Format: 10/100 BaseT IEEE 802.3 Ethernet compliant Ethernet packet: Up to 1518 byte packets Regulatory Compliance FCC Standards FCC 15.109 FCC 15.203 Antenna FCC 15.207 FCC 15.209 FCC 15.401 through 15.407(2) U‐NII Band transmitter – FCC 15.247 ISM transmitter ETSI EN 301‐489‐17 EN 301 893 EN 60950 EN 50385 EMC Radio Compliance Safety Canada Standards RSS‐210 RSS‐102 ICES‐003 Mechanical Material: Powdercoated Aluminum case/back with UV Stabilized ABS radome (P5055‐19,‐23) Size: 8.5" x 7.75" for P5055M‐19‐xx 15” x 15” for P5055M‐23‐xx 5” X 5” for P5055M‐EXT –xx Weight: P5055M‐19‐xx: 4 lb P5055M‐23‐xx: 7 lb P5055M‐EXT‐xx: 4 lb Mounting: Custom pole/flat surface mounting with elevation adjustment. LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 57 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Environmental Operating Temp: C Storage: C Humidity: NEMA Rating: Shock: ‐40 to 60 deg ‐40 to 85 deg 100 % when sealed properly NEMA 4 Sustain 3 axis drop from 5 feet Power Parameters Input Voltage: Input voltage range at unit is 15 VDC to 24 VDC max. Power is supplied on Ethernet cable using junction box provided with up to 330 foot 24 AWG STP cable. Current Cons.: Max 600 mA in transmit and receive modes using 24 V standard adapter (12 W) with short Ethernet cable from Junction box to radio. Power Supply Type: Safety: EMI: Input: Plug Type: Output: Max current: Switch mode wall mount transformer PSE, UL, CUL, GS FCC Class B, VCC‐II, CE 90 – 255 VAC Includes 4 plug blades for to allow use in US, Europe, UK and Australia 24 VDC +/‐ 1 V 1000 mA Antennas Integrated 19 dBi Antenna (for P5055M‐19‐xx) Frequency range: 4950‐5850 MHz Gain: 19 dBi +/‐ 1 dB Front/Back Ratio >30 dB E‐Plane Beamwidth: > 18 degrees typical H‐
Plane Beamwidth: > 18 degrees typical Polarization: Vertical and Horizontal Port/Port Isolation: 20 dB typ Cross Pol Rejection: 20 dB typ VSWR: <1.7:1 Package: Alumininum backplate with plastic radome. Dimensions: 8.5" x 7.75" x 1.25" (216mm x 197mm x 32mm) Weight: 2 lbs (.91Kg) Mounting Provisions: Mounting kit supplied for up to 3”diam pole or flat surface Azimuth/El Adjust: +/‐30 degrees Sealing: Water tight to 1 meter IEC 529/IP67 Temp Range: ‐40 deg F to +160 deg F (‐40 deg C to +60 deg C) Wind speed operational: 100 mph (160 km/hr) Wind speed survival: 140 mph (220 km/hr) LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 58 Trango Systems, Inc TL45 User Manual Rev 2.0r3 Integrated 23 dBi Antenna (for P5055M‐23‐xx) Frequency range: 4950‐5850 MHz Gain: 23 dBi +/‐ 1 dB Front/Back Ratio >35 dB E‐Plane Beamwidth: > 9 degrees typical H‐
Plane Beamwidth: > 9 degrees typical Vertical and Horizontal Polarization: 40 dB typ Port/Port Isolation: Cross Pol Rejection: 25 dB typ VSWR: <1.7:1 Package: Alumininum backplate with plastic radome. 14.6”x 14.6”x 1.58” (371mm x 371mm x 40mm) Dimensions: Weight: 5.5 lbs (2.5 kg) Mounting Provisions: Mounting kit supplied for up to 3”diam pole or flat surface Azimuth/El Adjust: +/‐30 degrees Sealing: Water tight to 1 meter IEC 529/IP67 Temp Range: ‐40 deg F to +160 deg F (‐40 deg C to +60 deg C) Wind speed operational: 100 mph (160 km/hr) Wind speed survival : 140 mph (220 km/hr) FCC Certified External Antennas (for P5055M‐EXT‐xx) Radiowaves models: SPD4‐5.2, SPD3‐5.2, SPD2‐5.2, SPD1‐5.2 See Radiowaves, Inc. for specifications and details LT‐9037A August 15, 2011 Page 59 
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