2) Greening Hotels (Ir. Chen Thiam Leong)

30/9/2013
Half-Day Seminar on
Greening Hotels
Kuala Lumpur
organisers
3rd October 2013
event partner
GREENING HOTELS
Ir Chen Thiam Leong
1
30/9/2013
C
Arctic is melting
+ 1°C
Coral Reefs dying
+ 2°C
Amazon rainforest drying out
+ 3°C
+ 4°C
Many coastal cities could be
flooded
Increase in climate refugees
+ 5°C
Global Wipe Out
+ 6°C
THE IMPACT OF THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT
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30/9/2013
GLOBAL GREENING APPROACH
Intelligent Building
80’S
Grade 1 Office
Grade A Office
Grade A+ Office
EE Building
Green Building
Climate
Compliance
City
Carbon
Neutral
City
Sustainable Building
Green
ECO-City
High Performance Building
Green Building
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
/
•
•
New Millennia
Low Carbon
City
Australia: Nabers / Green Star
Brazil: AQUA / LEED Brasil
Canada: LEED Canada / Green Globes
China: GBAS
Finland: PromisE
France: HQE
Germany: DGNB / CEPHEUS
Hong Kong: HKBEAM
India: GRIHA
Italy: Protocollo Itaca / Green Building Counsil Italia
Malaysia: GBI Malaysia
Mexico: LEED Mexico
Netherlands: BREEAM Netherlands
New Zealand: Green Star NZ
Philippines: BERDE / Philippine Green Building Council
Portugal: Lider A
Singapore: Green Mark
South Africa: Green Star SA
Spain: VERDE
Switzerland: Minergie
United States: LEED / Living Building Challenge / Green Globes
Build it Green / NAHB NGBS
United Kingdom: BREEAM
United Arab Emirates: Estidama
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30/9/2013
Is it Difficult (or Easy) to
Green Rate a Hotel ?
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30/9/2013
GBI Score
GBI NREB (Hotel)
Part Criteria
EE
1
Item
Energy Efficiency
EE1
Minimum EE Performance
2
EE2
Lighting Zoning
3
EE3
Electrical Sub-metering
2
EE4
Renewable Energy
5
EE5
Advanced Energy Performance - BEI
15
EE6
Enhanced Commissioning
4
EE7
Post Occupancy Commissioning
2
EE8
EE Monitoring & Improvement
2
EE9
Sustainable Maintenance
3
EE total
EE
38
GBI NREB (Hotel)
GBI Score
Item
Max
Baseline
Points
Part Criteria
1
Max
Points
Energy Efficiency
EE1
Minimum EE Performance
2
2
EE2
Lighting Zoning
3
1
EE3
Electrical Sub-metering
2
2
EE4
Renewable Energy
5
0
EE5
Advanced Energy Performance - BEI
15
0
EE6
Enhanced Commissioning
4
0
EE7
Post Occupancy Commissioning
2
1
EE8
EE Monitoring & Improvement
2
2
EE9
Sustainable Maintenance
3
3
38
11
EE total
5
30/9/2013
EQ
2
Indoor Environmental Quality
EQ1
Minimum IAQ Performance
1
EQ2
EQ3
EQ4
Environmental Tobacco Control
CO2 Monitoring & Control
Indoor Air Pollutants
1
1
2
EQ5
Mould Prevention
1
EQ6
EQ7
Thermal Comfort
Air Change Effectiveness
2
1
EQ8
Daylighting
2
EQ9
Daylight Glare Control
1
EQ10
Electric Lighting Levels
1
EQ11
High Frequency Ballasts
1
EQ12
External Views
2
EQ13
Internal Noise Levels
1
EQ14
IAQ Before & During Occupancy
2
EQ15
Post Occupancy Comfort Survey
2
EQ total
EQ
2
21
Indoor Environmental Quality
EQ1
Minimum IAQ Performance
1
0
EQ2
EQ3
EQ4
Environmental Tobacco Control
CO2 Monitoring & Control
Indoor Air Pollutants
1
1
2
0
0
0
EQ5
Mould Prevention
1
1
EQ6
EQ7
Thermal Comfort
Air Change Effectiveness
2
1
2
0
EQ8
Daylighting
2
0
EQ9
Daylight Glare Control
1
1
EQ10
Electric Lighting Levels
1
1
EQ11
High Frequency Ballasts
1
1
EQ12
External Views
2
0
EQ13
Internal Noise Levels
1
1
EQ14
IAQ Before & During Occupancy
2
2
EQ15
Post Occupancy Comfort Survey
2
2
21
11
EQ total
6
30/9/2013
SM
SM1
SM2
SM3
3
SM4
Sustainable Site Planning & Management
GBI Rated Design & Construction
Building Exterior Management
Integrated Pest Management, Erosion
Control & Landscape Management
Green Vehicle Priority
1
1
SM5
Parking Capacity
1
SM6
SM7
Greenery & Roof
Building User Manual
4
1
SM total
SM
SM1
SM2
SM3
3
1
1
SM4
10
Sustainable Site Planning & Management
GBI Rated Design & Construction
Building Exterior Management
Integrated Pest Management, Erosion
Control & Landscape Management
Green Vehicle Priority
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
SM5
Parking Capacity
1
1
SM6
SM7
Greenery & Roof
Building User Manual
4
1
0
1
10
3
SM total
7
30/9/2013
MR
4
MR1
MR2
MR3
MR4
MR5
MR6
Materials & Resources
Materials reuse and selection
Recycled content materials
Sustainable Timber
Sustainable Purchasing Policy
Storage, Collection & Disposal of
Recyclables
Refrigerants & Clean Agents
MR total
WE
WE1
Water Recycling
Water Efficient – Irrigation /
WE3
Landscaping
WE4
Water Efficient Fittings
WE5
Metering & Leak Detection System
WE total
MR
4
MR1
MR2
MR3
MR4
MR5
MR6
WE1
Materials reuse and selection
Recycled content materials
Sustainable Timber
Sustainable Purchasing Policy
Storage, Collection & Disposal of
Recyclables
Refrigerants & Clean Agents
Rainwater Harvesting
Water Recycling
Water Efficient – Irrigation /
WE3
Landscaping
WE4
Water Efficient Fittings
WE5
2
9
3
2
2
3
2
12
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
3
1
2
1
9
2
3
0
2
0
2
0
3
0
2
0
12
0
Water Efficiency
WE2
5
3
Materials & Resources
MR total
WE
1
Water Efficiency
Rainwater Harvesting
WE2
5
1
1
1
Metering & Leak Detection System
WE total
8
30/9/2013
IN
Innovation
IN1
Innovation in Design & Environmental Design
Initiatives
9
Recycling of Fire Testing Water
6
IN2
Green Building Index Facilitator
1
IN total
10
TOTAL
100
IN
Innovation
IN1
Innovation in Design & Environmental Design
Initiatives
9
Recycling of Fire Testing Water
6
0
0
0
IN2
Green Building Index Facilitator
1
0
IN total
10
0
TOTAL
100
27
9
30/9/2013
GBI Score
GBI NREB (Hotel)
Part Criteria
Item
EE
1
Energy Efficiency
EE1
Minimum EE Performance
2
2
2
EE2
Lighting Zoning
3
1
2
EE3
Electrical Sub-metering
2
2
2
EE4
Renewable Energy
5
0
0
EE5
Advanced Energy Performance - BEI
15
0
0
EE6
Enhanced Commissioning
4
0
0
EE7
Post Occupancy Commissioning
2
1
1
EE8
EE Monitoring & Improvement
2
2
2
EE9
Sustainable Maintenance
3
3
3
38
11
12
EE total
EQ
2
Max
GBI
Baseline Certified
Points
Indoor Environmental Quality
EQ1
Minimum IAQ Performance
1
0
1
EQ2
EQ3
EQ4
Environmental Tobacco Control
CO2 Monitoring & Control
Indoor Air Pollutants
1
1
2
0
0
0
1
1
0
EQ5
Mould Prevention
1
1
1
EQ6
EQ7
Thermal Comfort
Air Change Effectiveness
2
1
2
0
2
0
EQ8
Daylighting
2
0
1
EQ9
Daylight Glare Control
1
1
1
EQ10
Electric Lighting Levels
1
1
1
EQ11
High Frequency Ballasts
1
1
1
EQ12
External Views
2
0
0
EQ13
Internal Noise Levels
1
1
1
EQ14
IAQ Before & During Occupancy
2
2
2
EQ15
Post Occupancy Comfort Survey
2
2
2
21
11
15
EQ total
10
30/9/2013
SM
SM1
SM2
SM3
3
SM4
Sustainable Site Planning & Management
GBI Rated Design & Construction
Building Exterior Management
Integrated Pest Management, Erosion
Control & Landscape Management
Green Vehicle Priority
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
Parking Capacity
1
1
1
SM6
SM7
Greenery & Roof
Building User Manual
4
1
0
1
2
10
3
MR
MR1
MR2
MR3
MR4
MR5
MR6
WE1
Materials reuse and selection
Recycled content materials
Sustainable Timber
Sustainable Purchasing Policy
Storage, Collection & Disposal of
Recyclables
Refrigerants & Clean Agents
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
3
1
3
2
1
1
9
2
6
3
0
1
2
0
0
2
0
1
3
0
3
2
0
2
12
0
7
Water Efficiency
Rainwater Harvesting
WE2
Water Recycling
Water Efficient – Irrigation /
WE3
Landscaping
WE4
Water Efficient Fittings
WE5
1
8
Materials & Resources
MR total
WE
5
0
0
SM5
SM total
4
1
1
Metering & Leak Detection System
WE total
11
30/9/2013
IN
Innovation
IN1
Innovation in Design & Environmental Design
Initiatives
9
Recycling of Fire Testing Water
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
IN total
10
0
4
TOTAL
100
25
52
Refrigerant leakage detection & recycling
facilities
Carpark mech ventilation fans provided with
VSD and CO2 control
6
ISO14000 certification
IN2
Green Building Index Facilitator
GBI NRNC (Hotel)
Criteria
EE5
Hotel (basic)
Hotel (4/5-star)
GBI Points
ADVANCED EE PERFORMANCE
BEI1 < 200
BEI2 < 290
2
BEI1 < 190
BEI2 < 270
3
BEI1 < 175
BEI2 < 250
5
BEI1 < 160
BEI2 < 233
8
BEI1 < 150
BEI2 < 212
10
BEI1 < 135
BEI2 < 195
12
BEI1 < 120
BEI2 < 175
15
12
30/9/2013
OR demonstrate over last 3 years, BEI improved by;
GBI NREB (Hotel)
Criteria
Hotel (basic)
EE5
Hotel (4/5-star)
GBI Points
ADVANCED EE PERFORMANCE
> 20% AND BEI1 < 267
> 20% AND BEI2 < 387
2
> 25% AND BEI1 < 228
> 25% AND BEI2 < 324
3
> 30% AND BEI1 < 200
> 30% AND BEI2 < 290
5
> 40% AND BEI1 < 190
> 40% AND BEI2 < 270
8
> 50% AND BEI1 < 175
> 50% AND BEI2 < 250
10
> 60% AND BEI1 < 160
> 60% AND BEI2 < 233
12
> 70% AND BEI1 < 150
> 70% AND BEI2 < 212
15
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
Rating Tools
Energy
Effy
IEQ
Sustainable Materials &
Site
Resources
Water
Effy
Innovation
BREEAM 2008
19%
*13%
*37%
*17%
5%
*9%
LEED v2.2
25%
22%
20%
19%
7%
7%
Green Mark v3
62%
5%
9%
4%
Green Star v3
20%
19%
*33%
16%
8%
4%
GBI V1.0
35%
21%
16%
11%
10%
7%
LEED v3
35%
15%
26%
14%
10%
*10%
*20%
* Denotes adjusted or amalgamated figures
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30/9/2013
Does green pay off (in USA)?
LEED
Certified
Silver
Gold
Platinum
23 - 27
28 - 33
34 - 44
45 - 61
Energy Savings
25 – 35%
35 – 50%
50 – 60%
> 60%
Annual Utility
Savings
US$0.40/ft2
US$0.60/ft2
US$0.80/ft2
US$1.00/ft2
Typ Payback
< 3 yrs
3 – 5 yrs
5 – 10 yrs
10+ yrs
LEED Points
Incremental Construction Cost
Small bldgs
3%
7%
10%
15%
Large bldgs
1%
3%
5%
8%
Source: Enermodal Engineering, Denver, USA
Green Cost Premium (Singapore)
Certified
Gold
Goldplus
Platinum
50 - 74
75 - 84
85 - 89
90 - 100
Cost Premium
0.3 - 1%
1 - 2%
1 - 3%
2 - 8%
Payback Period
2 - 5 yrs
2 - 6 yrs
2 - 6 yrs
2 - 8 yrs
Green Mark
Points
Source: BCA Singapore 2008
14
30/9/2013
Does green pay off (in Malaysia)?
- Non-Residential Buildings projected data by Ir TL Chen (not verified:2009)
Green
Building
Index Rating
Average
M’sian
Bldg
Meets
MS1525
GBI
Certified
GBI
Silver
GBI
Gold
GBI
Platinum
BEI
kWh/m2.year
250
200 - 220
150 - 180
120 - 150
100- 120
<100
Energy
Savings %
Base
10 - 20
30 - 40
40 -50
50 – 60
> 60
Incremental
construction
cost %
Base
1–3
(0 – 3)*
5–8
(1 – 5)*
8 – 12
(3 – 8)*
12 – 15
(5 – 10)*
>15
(6 – 13)*
* Denotes revised projection in 2011
POINTS
GBI RATING
INFERENCE
50 to 65
GBI CERTIFIED
Good Practice
66 to 75
GBI SILVER
Excellent Practice
76 to 85
GBI GOLD
National Excellence
86 +
GBI PLATINUM
Global Excellence
15
30/9/2013
THANK YOU
www.greenbuildingindex.org
www.mgbc.org.my
16
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