HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit instruction manual

Instruction manual
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit System
High Precision Acoustic Positioning
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
High Precision Acoustic Positioning
Instruction Manual
Document history
Rev
A
Date
Written by
Checked by
Approved by
13 June 2012
IJG/AD
AD
JEF
First issue.
Copyright
© 2012 Kongsberg Maritime AS
All rights reserved. The information contained in this document remains the sole
property of Kongsberg Maritime. No part of this document may be copied or
reproduced in any form or by any means, and the information contained within it is not
to be communicated to a third party, without the prior written consent of Kongsberg
Maritime.
Disclaimer
Kongsberg Maritime endeavours to ensure that all information in this document is
correct and fairly stated, but does not accept liability for any errors or omission.
Warning
The equipment to which this manual applies must only be used for the purpose for
which it was designed. Improper use or maintenance may cause damage to the
equipment and/or injury to personnel. The user must be familiar with the contents of
the appropriate manuals before attempting to operate or work on the equipment.
Kongsberg Maritime disclaims any responsibility for damage or injury caused by
improper installation, use or maintenance of the equipment.
Support
All Kongsberg Maritime products:
Phone 24 hour: +47 815 35 355
E-mail: km.support@kongsberg.com
HiPAP, HPR, Transponders, HAIN and ACS:
Phone 24 hour: +47 992 03 808
E-mail: km.support.hpr@kongsberg.com
Kongsberg Maritime AS
Strandpromenaden 50
P.O.Box 111
N-3191 Horten,
Norway
Telephone: +47 33 03 41 00
Telefax: +47 33 04 47 53
www.kongsberg.com
subsea@kongsberg.com
Instruction Manual
Additional documents
Display manual
Separate manual supplied with the display. Not a Kongsberg Maritime document.
Keyboard manual
Separate manual supplied with the keyboard. Not a Kongsberg Maritime document.
Trackball
Separate document supplied with the trackball. Not a Kongsberg Maritime document.
Cooling Unit for Retrofit Transceiver
Not a Kongsberg Maritime document.
Remarks
References
Further information about the HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit system may be found in
the following manuals:
Doc. No.: 319957
APOS for HiPAP® 501/451/351/101 Instruction Manual
Doc. No.: 850-160841 APOS Operator manual
Doc. No.: 303490
HiPAP® Model 501/451/351/101 Instruction Manual
Doc. No.: 311046
HiPAP® Hull units Model 501/451/351/101 Instr. Manual
Doc. No.: 857-160639 HiPAP® Hull units Instruction manual
Doc. No.: 325840
Cable plan and interconnections
APOS Online Help
The reader
The maintenance information in this manual is intended to be used by a trained
maintenance technician or engineer, with experience of electronic and digital circuitry,
computers and electromechanical design. The level of information is based on
Kongsberg Maritime’s maintenance philosophy: The onboard technical personnel shall,
with the help of the documentation and the system’s built-in test functions, be able to
identify malfunctions, locate the fault, and replace major parts, modules and
components on the “Line Replaceable Unit” (LRU) level. He/she will however not
attempt to repair the LRUs.
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I
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
High voltage safety warning
The following safety precautions must be followed at all times
during maintenance work:
Switch off all high-voltage power supplies.
Check the operation of any door interlocks and any other
safety devices.
Completely discharge all high-voltage capacitors.
It should be noted that interlocks and safety devices are
normally located only at regular access points, and high voltages
may be exposed during dismantling.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Never work alone on high-voltage equipment!
Refer to general safety procedures.
____________________________________________________________
II
357314/A
Instruction Manual
Table of Contents
1 ABOUT THIS MANUAL ........................................................................................1
Registered Trademarks ......................................................................................................1
Purpose .............................................................................................................................. 1
Abbreviations ....................................................................................................................1
Backup ............................................................................................................................... 2
Software upgrade ...............................................................................................................2
2 HIPAP 500/450/350 RETROFIT SYSTEM ...........................................................3
System desciption ..............................................................................................................3
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit system configuration .................................................. 3
System overview ...............................................................................................................5
System units.......................................................................................................................7
APC 1x ...................................................................................................................... 7
Keyboard ................................................................................................................... 9
Trackball.................................................................................................................... 9
Display ...................................................................................................................... 9
1PPS converter (option) .......................................................................................... 10
Retrofit Transceiver unit ......................................................................................... 10
3 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS.......................................................................12
APC 1x ............................................................................................................................ 12
Keyboard .........................................................................................................................13
Trackball .......................................................................................................................... 13
Display ............................................................................................................................. 13
Ethernet extender (option single net via DSL modem) ...................................................13
Retrofit Transceiver unit ..................................................................................................14
Data ......................................................................................................................... 14
110 Vac to 230 Vac transformer (option) ........................................................................15
SSBL accuracy ................................................................................................................15
Transducer reference point ...................................................................................... 16
HiPAP 501 system .................................................................................................. 16
HiPAP 451 system .................................................................................................. 17
HiPAP 351 system .................................................................................................. 18
LBL accuracy ..................................................................................................................19
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III
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Range capabilities ............................................................................................................20
4 GETTING STARTED ........................................................................................... 22
Power on/off procedures ..................................................................................................22
How to switch on the power supply on the APC 1x computer ............................... 22
How to switch on the APC 1x using the standby switch ........................................ 23
How to switch off on the APC 1x using the standby switch ................................... 23
How to switch off the power supply on the APC 1x computer............................... 24
Using the trackball ...........................................................................................................24
How to perform basic APOS operations .........................................................................25
APOS Main window ............................................................................................... 25
APOS user levels .............................................................................................................25
How to exit/stop the APOS system .................................................................................26
APOS Online Help ..........................................................................................................26
5 SIGNAL CONNECTIONS TO TRANSCEIVER UNIT ....................................27
Wiring diagram for Retrofit Transceiver unit..................................................................27
Conversion table for Transceiver connections ................................................................ 27
6 CABLES ..................................................................................................................28
Cable gland assembly procedure .....................................................................................28
Securing and terminating the cables........................................................................ 30
Basic cable requirements .................................................................................................30
Cable planning .................................................................................................................33
APC 1x ............................................................................................................................ 34
APC 1x connections ................................................................................................ 34
APC 1x Dual Net connection .................................................................................. 35
GPS input signals connections ........................................................................................36
1PPS converter (option) ..................................................................................................36
Retrofit transceiver unit ...................................................................................................38
Retrofit transceiver - transducer cables ................................................................... 39
Cable information .................................................................................................... 40
7 OPERATION ..........................................................................................................41
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit operation ...........................................................................41
Integrated operation with Dynamic Positioning (DP) system .........................................41
IV
357314/A
Instruction Manual
8 MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................42
Safety ............................................................................................................................... 43
Before you start ...............................................................................................................43
Maintenance philosophy ..................................................................................................44
Maintenance schedule......................................................................................................45
Maintenance chart ................................................................................................... 45
Preventive maintenance ...................................................................................................45
APC 1x computer ............................................................................................................45
APC 1x internal ....................................................................................................... 46
Replacement of APC 1x unit parts .......................................................................... 47
Keyboard .........................................................................................................................51
Trackball .......................................................................................................................... 51
1PPS converter (option) ..................................................................................................51
Ethernet extender (option single net via DSL modem) ...................................................51
Removal .................................................................................................................. 52
Replacement ............................................................................................................ 52
Retrofit Transceiver unit ..................................................................................................52
Retrofit Transceiver unit - internal layout ............................................................... 53
Retrofit Transceiver unit, PCB rack ........................................................................ 54
Replacement of Retrofit Transceiver unit parts ...................................................... 54
Fuses ........................................................................................................................ 62
Circuit boards and units ...................................................................................................62
APC 1x circuit boards and power unit .................................................................... 63
Transceiver units ..................................................................................................... 66
Transmit synchronization with external equipment ................................................ 71
9 SPARE PARTS .......................................................................................................76
Operator station ...............................................................................................................77
Retrofit Transceiver unit ..................................................................................................78
HiPAP 501/451/351 system .................................................................................... 78
Transducer cable with plug ..................................................................................... 78
10
HIPAP MODELS AND POSITIONING PRINCIPLES ................................ 79
HiPAP 501 System .................................................................................................. 79
HiPAP 451 System .................................................................................................. 80
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V
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
HiPAP 351 System .................................................................................................. 80
Positioning principles and processing .............................................................................81
SSBL positioning .................................................................................................... 81
LBL positioning ...................................................................................................... 83
Combined SSBL and LBL positioning ................................................................... 86
HiPAP processing ................................................................................................... 87
Cymbal acoustic protocol ........................................................................................ 87
11
RESPONDER OPTION .....................................................................................90
Basic responder information............................................................................................ 90
Responder Driver Unit ....................................................................................................91
Technical specifications ..................................................................................................92
Responder Driver Unit kit ....................................................................................... 92
Responder Driver Unit ............................................................................................ 92
Fibre to responder drive converter kit ..................................................................... 92
Installation .......................................................................................................................93
Responder Driver Unit ............................................................................................ 93
Maintenance.....................................................................................................................94
Responder Driver Unit ............................................................................................ 94
Fibre to responder drive converter .......................................................................... 95
Connector type ST ................................................................................................... 96
Spare parts .......................................................................................................................96
Drawings .......................................................................................................................... 96
Responder Driver Unit - outline dimension ............................................................ 97
Responder Driver Unit ............................................................................................ 98
Responder sync cable, Retrofit Transceiver unit ................................................... 99
Responder Driver Unit - wiring diagram .............................................................. 100
Fibre to responder drive converter - wiring diagram ........................................... 101
12
EQUIPMENT HANDLING ............................................................................102
Transportation ................................................................................................................102
Storage prior to installation or use ........................................................................ 103
Inspection .............................................................................................................. 105
Storage after unpacking .................................................................................................107
After use storage.................................................................................................... 108
VI
357314/A
Instruction Manual
Re-packing .....................................................................................................................109
ESD precautions ............................................................................................................109
Temperature protection..................................................................................................110
13
DRAWING FILE.............................................................................................. 112
Drawings ........................................................................................................................ 112
APC 1x - outline dimensions ................................................................................ 113
HiPAP 501 Retrofit ............................................................................................... 114
Rack Mounting Installation ................................................................................... 115
Moxa Switch ......................................................................................................... 116
DIN-rail assembly ................................................................................................. 117
System wiring diagram - Page 1 ........................................................................... 118
System wiring diagram - Page 2 ........................................................................... 119
TD Plug conversion kit ......................................................................................... 120
Responder Sync Cable .......................................................................................... 121
APC 1x RS-232 / RS-422 serial line cable ........................................................... 122
14
INDEX ...............................................................................................................124
357314/A
VII
About this manual
1
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
Registered Trademarks
HiPAP® and cNODE® are registered trademarks of Kongsberg
Maritime AS.
Purpose
The purpose of this Instruction manual for the High Precision
Acoustic Positioning (HiPAP) 500/450/350 Retrofit system
(named HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit system in rest of the
manual) provide the descriptions and procedures required to
allow for safe and efficient use of the HiPAP 500/450/350
Retrofit system.
The manual contains descriptions, specifications, procedures
and illustrations required to operate and maintain the HiPAP
500/450/350 Retrofit system.
The manual also defines the equipment responsibility, and
provides general information about preservation, packing and
storage of the units.
The system is described down to circuit board level, named as
the Line Replaceable Units (LRUs). Block diagrams and
drawings are used to simplify the descriptions.
Abbreviations
Abbreviations used in this manual:
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APC
Acoustic Positioning Computer
APOS
Acoustic Positioning Operator Station
BOP
Blow Out Preventer
CG
Centre of Gravity
DP
Dynamic Positioning
DVI
Digital Visual Interface
GNSS
Global Navigation Satellite System
GPS
Global Positioning System
HiPAP®
High Precision Acoustic Positioning
HPR
Hydroacoustic Position Reference
LBL
Long Base Line
LRU
Line Replaceable Unit
MULBL
Multi-User Long Base Line
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
ROV
Remotely Operated Vehicle
1
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
RTB
Responder Terminal Block
SSBL
Super Short Base Line
SSLBL
Super Short and Long Base Line
Backup
You are advised to take a backup of all operator stations at
regular intervals (1-3 months), and every time major changes
have been performed in configuration and /or user settings.
Software upgrade
____________________________________________________________
Caution
A system backup must be performed when the software
has been upgraded.
____________________________________________________________
The backup procedures are included in a separate document, the
Backup files document, doc no 859-216300.
This document is supplied with the APC computer.
2
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HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit System
2
HIPAP 500/450/350 RETROFIT SYSTEM
This chapter provides a brief description of the HiPAP
500/450/350 Retrofit system and configuration. It also gives a
short description of each unit.
Topics
System description on page 3
System overview on page 5
System units - short description on page 7
Related topics
HiPAP models information on page 79
Responder option on page 90
System desciption
The HiPAP Retrofit Kit is designed for upgrading the HiPAP
500/450/350 System (MkI) with completely new electronics and
software for using Cymbal and cNODE transponders. The
system can be ugraded when necessary without the need for any
new cabling outside the Transceiver unit.
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit system
configuration
The HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit Kit contains all necessary HW,
SW (preinstalled) and documentation to upgrade the old HiPAP
MKI to same functionality as a HiPAP 501/451/351 system.
The HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit Kit includes an active cooling
door as standard, but as an option here is an Air/Water heat
exchanger cooling door with an external Recooling unit.
The HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit advantages are:
No new cabling outside the Transceiver unit (uses existing
MRU, Gyro and Transceiver to APOS communication
cabling and Responder cabling if present).
May use excisting operator stations.
Very short installation time (2-3 days depending on the
current installations acessibility and cooling type).
A system 100% compatible with the existing HiPAP
501/451/351/ system (MKII).
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3
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Can operate with cNODE Transponders in either FSK or PSK
mode or even a mix of cNODE Transponders in PSK mode
and old FSK Transponders.
4
357314/A
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit System
System overview
Operator Station
Display
Data output
DDW-120
Ethernet
1PPS Converter (option)
APC 1x
DSL
Hull
Unit
Responder
Driver Unit (option)
Junction
Box
Ethernet
Responder sync.
Responder trig
Hoist
Control Unit
Retrofit
Transceiver
unit
(Cd31240b)
Remote
Control
Unit
HiPAP 350
transducer
HiPAP 500
transducer
Figure 1 Single operator station
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5
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Operator Station
Operator Station
Display
Display
Dual Ethernet
Data output
Ethernet
1PPS Converter (option)
APC 1x
APC 1x
DSL
Hull
Unit
Junction
Box
Hoist
Control Unit
Ethernet
Responder sync.
Responder
Driver Unit (option)
Retrofit Transceiver
unit
(Cd31240c)
Remote
Control
Unit
HiPAP 350
transducer
HiPAP 500
transducer
Figure 2 Two operator stations
6
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HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit System
System units
Topics
APC 1x on page 7
Keyboard on page 9
Trackball on page 9
Display on page 9
1PPS converter on page 10
APC 1x
An APC 1x unit is a steel unit with machined aluminium
sections. The same unit is used for all types of installation
(desktop or rack) with additional mounting brackets or rails as
required.
(Cd31080)
Figure 3 APC 1x unit - desktop version. An APC 12 is shown here
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7
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Connections
All external connections to the APC 1x unit are made via plugs
located on the back of the unit.
Power
The APC 1x unit can be powered from either a 115 Vac or 230
Vac supply.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Ensure the switch is set to the power supply available
before plugging the mains supply cable into the power
outlet.
____________________________________________________________
The power on/off switch is located behind the hinged cover on
the front panel. The switch is of the “push-for-on, push-for-off”
type.
DVD recorder
The DVD recorder is placed at the front of the APC 1x behind a
hinged cover.
See Figure 3 on page 7.
A DVD containing backup of the delivered APOS system is
supplied at the system setup, and is included in the Backup files
document.
Related topic
Backup files information on page 2
USB memory stick
USB ports for USB memory stick are located at the front of the
APC 1x behind a hinged cover.
See Figure 3 on page 7.
A USB memory stick containing programs for backup and
restore is delivered at the system setup. These programs can
only be used when the system boots on the USB memory stick.
8
357314/A
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit System
Keyboard
(Cd7079a)
The keyboard is a standard PS/2 keyboard with US layout and
back-lighting.
Figure 4 Keyboard
Trackball
The trackball is a standard Logitech trackball with a scroll wheel
and two buttons.
Figure 5 Trackball
Display
Refer to separate manual supplied with the display.
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9
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
1PPS converter (option)
The 1PPS converter passes the RS-232 GPS Position Data
through but shapes the 1PPS pulse to a fixed pulse length and
converts it from TTL level to RS-232 level.
(Cd31162)
Figure 6 1PPS converter
Retrofit Transceiver unit
The Retrofit transceiver unit is made of steel and contains a rack
holding the system electronics modules. The transceiver is fitted
with a cooling unit on the door.
The transceiver unit is designed to be mounted on a suitable
bulkhead and is fitted with vibration/shock absorbers to reduce
the effects of transceiver unit vibrations.
The Retrofit Transceiver kit is delivered with:
Electronics rack
DIN Rail assembly
APC 1x
Moxa switch assembly
Cooling unit mounted on the transceiver door
Figure 7 Retrofit Transceiver unit
10
357314/A
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit System
Used for the HiPAP 501 with eight (8) TRX32 boards
Used for the HiPAP 451 with two (2) TRX32 boards
Used for the HiPAP 351 with two (2) TRX32 boards
System upgrade
The HiPAP 451 system can be upgraded to full HiPAP 501
system performance. This is done by:
Installation of 6 additional transmitter/receiver boards
(TRX32) in the transceiver unit.
Software upgrade.
Connections
All cables to and from the transceiver unit enter the unit through
the base of the unit except the TD cable which is connected on
the left side of the unit.
Power
The transceiver unit is powered from a 230 Vac UPS supply.
The power switch (Main switch) is located inside the transceiver
unit.
Refer to figure on page 53
If you only have 110 Vac power available, you must use a 110
Vac to 230 Vac transformer.
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11
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
3
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
This chapter gives the technical specifications of the HiPAP
system units.
Topics
APC 1x on page 12
Keyboard on page 12
Trackball on page 13
Display on page 13
Ethernet switch on page 13
Retrofit Transceiver unit on page 13
110 Vac to 230 vac transformer - option on page 15
SSBL accuracy on page 15
LBL accuracy on page 19
Range capabilities on page 20
Related topics
Transmit on external trigger on page 71
APC 1x
The APC 1x unit is constructed of steel and aluminium panels
and machined aluminium sections.
Weight:
approximately 17 kg
Degree of protection:
IP 22
Outline dimensions - see drawing in the Drawing file chapter
from page 112
Power
Voltage:
115/230 Vac
Selector-switch beside power connector.
The power supply must be kept within ± 10% of the unit’s
nominal voltage (90-132 Vac / 180-264 Vac).
The maximum transient voltage variations on the main
switchboard’s bus-bars which could occur (except under
fault conditions), are not to exceed -15% to +20% of the
nominal voltage.
Frequency:
12
50-60 Hz
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Technical specifications
Maximum current drawn:
5A
Normal current drawn:
0.5 A
Nominal:
80 W
Environment
Operation temperature:
0 °C to 55 °C
Storage temperature:
-40 °C to +70 C
Storage / operating humidity:
95% / 85% relative
Vibration
Range:
Excitation level:
5-100 Hz
5-13.2 Hz ±1.5 mm, 13.2-100 Hz 1 g
Keyboard
Weight:
0.5 kg
Cable length:
1.5 m
Degree of protection:
IP 64
Outline dimensions - see drawing in the Drawing file chapter
from page 112
Trackball
For more information, refer to separate manual supplied with the
trackball.
Display
Outline dimensions - see drawing in the Drawing file chapter
from page 112
For more information, refer to separate manual supplied with the
display.
Ethernet extender (option single net via DSL
modem)
For more information, refer to separate manual supplied with the
Ethernet extender.
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13
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Retrofit Transceiver unit
Data
Weight:
approximately 80 kg
(depending on number of PCBs fitted)
Degree of protection:
IP 44
Power
Voltage:
230 Vac
The power supply to a HiPAP transceiver unit must be
kept within +10% of the unit’s nominal voltage
(180-264 Vac).
The maximum transient voltage variations on the main
switch- board’s bus-bars which could occur (except under
fault conditions), are not to exceed -15% to +20% of the
nominal voltage.
Using 110 Vac to 230 Vac transformer (option) –
see page 15
Inrush max:
35 A Ac
Maximum current drawn:
2.5 A
Nominal:
2.1 A Ac
Frequency:
50 - 60 Hz
Nominal power consumption:
370 W/VA
Environment
Operating temperature
w/Standard Cooling Unit:
Operating temperature
w/Water Cooling:
Storage temperature:
Humidity:
0 °C to +35 °C
0 °C to +55 °C
-20 °C to +65 °C
15% - 95% (non condensing)
Vibration
Range:
Excitation level:
14
5-100 Hz
5-13.2 Hz ±1.5 mm, 13.2-100 Hz 1 g
357314/A
Technical specifications
Main power supply
Input:
Output:
230 Vac
24 Vdc, 12 Vdc, 6 Vdc, 5 Vdc,
3.2 Vdc
Input:
230 Vac
Output:
48 Vdc
110 Vac to 230 Vac transformer (option)
For installations where only 110 Vac power is available, an
external transformer from 110 Vac to 220 Vac must be installed
on the main power line to the transceiver unit.
Order No.:
319618
Weight:
Outline dimensions:
7. 8 kg
( 300 x 250 x 155) mm
SSBL accuracy
The angular figures are errors in both axis, elevation and
orthogonal.
The specification is based on:
Free line of sight from transducer to transponder.
No influence from ray-bending.
Signal to Noise ratio in water in the 250 Hz receiver band.
No error from heading and roll/pitch sensors.
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15
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Transducer reference point
The reference points shown below are the origin for the position
measurements.
The elevation and orthogonal angles are used in the accuracy
curves.
Center of
transducer
HiPAP 350 transducer
Center of
transducer
HiPAP 500 transducer
O
90 elevation
= reference point
A= radius = 160 mm
B=196 mm
(Cd31154a)
(Cd31154)
= reference point
A= radius = 196 mm
B= radius = 196 mm
O
90 elevation
Orthogonal
Orthogonal
0O elevation
0O elevation
Elevation
Elevation
HiPAP 501 system
HiPAP 501 Single system
HiPAP 501 Dual system
S/N [dB rel. 1 Pa]
S/N [dB rel. 1 Pa]
20
10
0
20
10
0
Angular Accuracy [ ]
(At 0 elevation)
0.12
0.18
0.30
0.085
0.13
0.21
Range Accuracy [m]
0.1
0.1
0.15
0.1
0.15
0.2
Cymbal Range Accuracy [m]
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
Receiver beam [ ]
Coverage [ ]
16
10
10
±100
±100
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Technical specifications
Accuracy curves – HiPAP 501
HiPAP 501
(Cd31183)
The figure above shows the accuracy as a function of elevation
angle. The signal to noise ratio of 10 dB is in the bandwidth.
HiPAP 501 Performance
(Cd31184)
The figure above shows the accuracy as a function of signal to
noise ratio. The elevation and the orthogonal angles are 0 (at
vertical).
HiPAP 451 system
The HiPAP 500 transducer is used but with only two (2) TRX32
cards in the transceiver. HiPAP 451 has the same technical
performance as HiPAP 351.
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17
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
HiPAP 351 system
HiPAP 351/451
Single system
S/N [dB rel. 1 Pa]
20
10
0
Angular Accuracy, 1 [ ]
(At 0 elevation)
0.18
0.23
0.4
Range Accuracy, 1 [m]
0.1
0.15
0.2
Cymbal Range Accuracy, 1 [m]
0.02
0.02
0.02
15
Receiver beam [ ]
+/-80
Coverage [ ]
The elevation and orthogonal angles are used in the accuracy
curves.
Accuracy curves – HiPAP 351
HiPAP 351 Performance
(Cd31185)
The figure above shows the accuracy as a function of elevation
angle. The signal to noise ratio 10 dB is in the bandwidth.
18
357314/A
Technical specifications
HiPAP 351 Performance
(Cd31186)
The figure above shows the accuracy as a function of signal to
noise ratio. The elevation and the orthogonal angles are 0 (at
vertical).
LBL accuracy
The position accuracy for LBL operation depends on the
transponder array geometry, sound velocity errors and signal to
noise ratio. Range accuracy’s down to a few centimetres can be
obtained, while ROV and vessel positions can be calculated to
within a few decimetres.
Table 1 and Figure 8 show acoustic parameters and position
accuracies that are achieved in deep waters when using an array
with four transponders at water depth 3000 m.
Source of random error
1-sigma FSK
1-sigma PSK (Cymbal)
Range reception with 20 dB S/N
0.15 m
0.02 m
Range reception in the transponder
0.15 m
0.02 m
Range error due to transponder
movements
0.01 m
Range error due to rig movements
0.05 m
HiPAP Angle accuracy
0.15°
Table 1 Sources of random errors on the acoustic measurements
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19
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
HiPAP LBL horizontal accuracy. Waterdepth 3000m.
2
1.8
1.6
Horizontal position error
Sound velocity
1.4
CW
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
Cymbal
0.4
0.2
0
-400
-200
0
200
East co-ordinate relative to centre of LBL array
400
Figure 8 LBL position error in the horizontal plane as a function of the East coordinate. The North co-ordinate is zero. The blue lines show random error due to
acoustics. Black line is systematic error due to 1 m/s wrong sound velocity settings.
The blue lines in Figure 8 show the random error in the
horizontal position when the rig moves within a transponder
array with four (4) transponders placed in a circle with a 500 m
radius at 3000 m water depth. The lower blue line shows the
expected error when the PSK (Cymbal) acoustics is used and the
upper line when the old CW (FSK) acoustics is used.
The black line shows the systematic error when the sound
velocity is set 1 m/s incorrectly in APOS. This error is zero in
the centre of the array due to the symmetry. The LBL run time
calibration should be done when the rig is in the centre of the
array. Then the effect of a wrong sound velocity setting in
APOS is strongly reduced, as shown with the dotted black line.
Range capabilities
The range capabilities are very dependent of the vessels noise
level and attenuation of the transponder signal level due to ray
bending.
The HiPAP system will in many cases have longer range
capabilities than specified below due to its narrow receiving
beam.
The figures are approximate values for guidance.
20
357314/A
Technical specifications
Transponder
Transponder source level
Max Range
(dB rel.1 Pa ref. 1 m)
(Typical, m)
cNODE, 180º transducer
190
2000
cNODE, 40º transducer
203
3000
cNODE, 30º transducer
206
4000
Standard MPT/SPT 319
188
1500
High power SPT 324
195
2000
High power SPT 331
206
3000
The specification is based on:
Free line of sight from transducer to transponder
No influence from ray bending
Signal to Noise ratio
357314/A
20 dB. rel. 1 Pa
21
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
4 GETTING STARTED
This chapter will provide the basic information required to get
you started up with the HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit system.
Topics
Power on/off procedures on page 22
How to perform basic operations on page 24
APOS User levels on page 25
Online Help on page 26
Power on/off procedures
These procedures explain how to switch the Retrofit system on
and off. The operation is made using the on/off switch located
on the back of the APC 1x computer.
(Cd31182b)
Main power
On/Off switch
How to switch on the power supply on the
APC 1x computer
Make sure the main power cable is connected to the APC
1x computer and also to the power socket.
2
Switch the power button from off to on as shown below.
(Cd31182c)
1
Off
22
On
357314/A
Cables
How to switch on the APC 1x using the
standby switch
The standby switch is located under the cover on the front of the
APC 1x computer.
1
Unscrew the two screws on either side of the cover.
Standby
on/off
USB ports
(Cd31198)
DVD recorder
2
Open the cover.
- The standby on/off button is located on the left hand
side under the cover.
3
Push the standby button to turn on the APC 1x computer.
- A green light will start to flash when the computer is
turned on.
4
Switch on the monitor. (The power on/off switch is
normally located at the lower front part of the monitor.)
- First the desktop menu appears, and after some time
the APOS main window appears.
How to switch off on the APC 1x using the
standby switch
The standby switch is located under the cover on the front of the
APC 1x computer.
1
357314/A
Unscrew the two screws on either side of the cover.
23
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
2
Open the cover.
- The standby on/off button is located on the left hand
side under the cover.
3
Push the standby button to turn off the APC 1x computer.
- A green light will stop flashing when the computer
is turned on.
How to switch off the power supply on the
APC 1x computer
Switch the power button from on to off as shown below.
(Cd31182d)
1
On
2
Off
The system is now completely turned off.
Using the trackball
Figure 9 Typical trackball
All APOS functions are controlled with the trackball. The ball
controls the movements of the cursor, and the buttons are used
to click on buttons and select parameters.
A Control wheel
B Trackball
C Right mouse button
D Left mouse button
This trackball is connected to the computer, and by means of the
buttons and the wheel you can control all the dialogs and
parameter settings.
24
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Cables
How to perform basic APOS operations
Observe this brief procedure to familiarise yourself with the
basic operations with APOS layout and menu operations.
Note
Normally the APOS system is kept on 24 hours a day.
APOS Main window
1
APOS will start automatically when the APC 1x computer
is turned on.
2
Once the APC computer and APOS is up and running,
observe the layout of the display presentation:
Figure 10 APOS Main window
APOS user levels
The APOS is regarding functional possibilities and operation,
configured in the following two user levels:
Operator:
Service:
This level is used for the daily normal
operation.
This level requires password and is for service
personnel only.
The user levels can be set by selecting the
top menu in APOS.
357314/A
button in the
25
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
How to exit/stop the APOS system
Normally the system is kept on 24 hours a day. If a controlled
shutdown is required, it is important to proceed as follows:
1
Select File → Stop/Shutdown.
2
Select Yes.
- The APOS software will shut down and you will
return to the desktop.
- APOS can also be configured to close Window and
shut down the computer when performing the above
procedure.
APOS Online Help
The APOS System is equipped with a comprehensive online
help system. It is available from the top menu by clicking the
Help button. Help is also available in the sub-menues, and is the
context sensitive, so you will get help on the functions in that
menu.
26
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Cables
5
SIGNAL CONNECTIONS TO TRANSCEIVER
UNIT
Topics
Conversion table for Transceiver connections on page 27.
Wiring diagram for Retrofit Transceiver unit
See Wiring diagram on page 118 in the Drawing file section.
Conversion table for Transceiver connections
Signal
(example)
Operator station
(if using DSL
Modem)
Old connection
Port
Com3
New connection
Terminal
Terminal
Port
TB1:1
Terminal 1
TB1:3
Terminal 2
DSL port on
DDW120 Ethernet
Extender
TB1:5
TB1:7
Not
Used/Spare
TB1:9
Operator station
(if using RS422
serial line)
Operator station
(using Dnet)
Com3
Com3
Gyro1
Com4
MRU1
Com5
Seapath1
Com6
357314/A
TB1:1
Pin 1
TB1:3
Pin 4
TB1:5
Pin 2
TB1:7
Pin 3
TB1:9
Pin 5
One of Com6-9 on
Controlling APC
(Bridge/Survey room)
Not used in this configuration/Spare
TB1:11
Pin 1
TB1:13
Pin 2
TB1:2
Pin 1
TB1:4
Pin 2
TB1:12
Pin 1
Transceiver
APC Com6
Transceiver
APC Com7
Transceiver
APC Com9
27
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
6
CABLES
This chapter provides basic information and general installation
requirements for cables. It also includes information about
transceiver units internal cabling. Most of this chapter is for
reference only as the Retrofit Transceiver uses existing cables
from old HiPAP transceiver.
____________________________________________________________
Note
All cable connections must be made in accordance with the
guidelines laid down by the vessel’s classification society.
____________________________________________________________
If no such guidelines exist, Kongsberg Maritime recommends
that the Det Norske Veritas (DNV) Report No. 80-P008,
“Guidelines for Installation and Proposal for Test of
Equipment” be used as a guide.
Topics
Cable gland assembly procedure on page 28
Basic cable requirements on page 30
Cable planning on page 33
APC 1x on page 34
GPS input signals connections on page 36
1PPS converter (option) on page 36
Retrofit Transceiver unit on page 38
Related topics
Drawings in the Drawing file chapter from page 112
Cable gland assembly procedure
Cable glands are used whenever a cable passes through a watertight bulkhead or into a cabinet, to seal the opening through
which the cable passes and to protect the cable from abrasion on
the edges of the hole. Follow the guidelines detailed here when
installing cables through cable glands.
____________________________________________________________
Note
There are many different types of cable gland on the market.
This procedure describes the types used (now and previously) as
standard in the units manufactured by Kongsberg Maritime. The
cable glands are not supplied with the system.
____________________________________________________________
28
357314/A
Cables
Even though the cabinets from Kongsberg Maritime may be
prepared for specific types, the installation yard will be
responsible for selecting cable gland types and installing them.
General procedure
1
Ensure all the cables to be connected are completely
isolated from any power sources.
- This is done by; Switch off and remove the supply
fuses from any units or systems into which the
cables are already connected.
2
Select the cable to be connected into the cabinet, and
select the cable gland through which the cable is to pass.
____________________________________________________________
Note
A minimum of 5 cm (recommended 5 - 10 cm) of slack cable
must be allowed, both inside and outside the cabinet, when
installing cables. This is to allow for vibration damping,
maintenance and measurement errors. Always double-check
your measurements before taking any irreversible actions.
____________________________________________________________
3
Depending on whether the cable has already been installed
in conduits, either.
a (installed) measure the maximum length of cable
required to reach from the final cable clip outside the
cabinet to the terminal blocks inside the cabinet, add 20
cm, then remove the excess cable,
or:
b (loose cable) measure the maximum length of wire
required to reach from the cable gland to the terminal
blocks inside the cabinet, add 20 cm and mark the
cable.
____________________________________________________________
Note
The cable’s outer insulation will extend into the cable gland to a
point approximately 5 mm inside the inner surface of the cabinet
wall into which the cable gland is secured.
____________________________________________________________
357314/A
4
Taking care not to damage the screening, carefully remove
the outer insulation from the required cable length.
5
Leaving an appropriate length of the screen exposed from
the insulation, cut off the remainder.
29
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Securing and terminating the cables
1
Ensure that there is 5 to 10 cm slack cable inside the
cabinet - see wiring diagram.
2
Prepare and connect the cable cores to the appropriate
terminals within the cabinet.
3
Secure the cable within the cabinet using cable clips.
4
Check the terminal connections against the wiring
diagram to ensure they are correct.
5
Follow the same procedure for all the cables and cable
glands.
Once all the cables have been fitted and checked:
1
Check the cabinet to ensure all tools and rubbish are
removed.
2
Close the cabinet door.
3
Once all the system cables are connected and checked:
4
Take the appropriate safety measures, then replace the
fuses and apply power to the system.
5
Perform a system test to ensure the installation has been
conducted successfully.
Basic cable requirements
Cable trays
All permanently installed cables associated with the system
must be supported and protected along their entire lengths using
conduits and/or cable trays.
The only exception to this rule is over the final short distance
(max. 0.5 m) as the cables run into the cabinets/units to which
they are connected. These short service loops are to allow the
cabinets to move on their shock mounts, and to allow
maintenance and repair.
Wherever possible, cable trays must be straight, accessible
and placed so as to avoid possible contamination by
condensation and dripping liquids (oil, etc.). They must be
installed away from sources of heat, and must be protected
against physical damage. Suitable shields must be provided
where cables are installed in the vicinity of heat sources.
Unless it is absolutely unavoidable, cables should not be
installed across the vessel’s expansion joints. If the situation
is unavoidable, a loop of cable having a length proportional
to the possible expansion of the joint must be provided. The
30
357314/A
Cables
minimum internal radius of the loop must be at least twelve
times the external diameter of the cable.
Where a service requires duplicate supply lines, the cables
must follow separate paths through the vessel whenever
possible.
Signal cables must not be installed in the same cable tray or
conduit as high-power cables.
Cables containing insulation materials with different
maximum-rated conductor temperatures should not be
bunched together (that is, in a common clip, gland, conduit or
duct). When this is impractical, the cables must be carefully
arranged such that the maximum temperature expected in any
cable in the group is within the specifications of the lowestrated cable.
Cables with protective coverings which may damage other
cables should not be grouped with other cables.
Cables having a copper sheath or braiding must be installed
in such a way that galvanic corrosion by contact with other
metals is prevented.
To allow for future expansion of the system, all cables should
be allocated spare conductor pairs. Also, space within the
vessel should be set aside for the installation of extra cables.
Radio Frequency interference
All cables that are to be permanently installed within 9 m (30 ft)
of any source of Radio Frequency (RF) interference such as a
transmitter aerial system or radio transmitters, must, unless
shielded by a metal deck or bulkhead, be adequately screened by
sheathing, braiding or other suitable material. In such a situation
flexible cables should be screened wherever possible.
It is important that cables, other than those supplying services to
the equipment installed in a radio room, are not installed through
a radio room, high power switch gear or other potential sources
of interference. Cables which must pass through a radio room
must be screened by a continuous metal conduit or trunking
which must be bonded to the screening of the radio room at its
points of entry and exit.
Physical protection
Cables exposed to the risk of physical damage must be enclosed
in a steel conduit or protected by a metal casing unless the
cable’s covering (e.g. armour or sheath) is sufficient to protect it
from the damage risk.
357314/A
31
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Cables exposed to an exceptional risk of mechanical damage
(for example in holds, storage-spaces and cargo-spaces) must be
protected by a suitable casing or conduit, even when armoured,
if the cable covering does not guarantee sufficient protection for
the cables.
Metallic materials used for the physical protection of cables
must be suitably protected against corrosion.
Grounding
All metallic cable coverings (armour, metallic sheathing etc.)
must be electrically connected to the vessel's hull at both ends
except in the case of final sub-circuits where they should be
connected at the supply end only.
Grounding connections should be made using a conductor which
has a cross-sectional area appropriate for the current rating of
the cable, or with a metal clamp which grips the metallic
covering of the cable and is bonded to the hull of the vessel.
These cable coverings may also be grounded by means of glands
specially intended for this purpose and designed to ensure a
good ground connection. The glands used must be firmly
attached to, and in good electrical contact with, a metal structure
grounded in accordance with these recommendations.
Electrical continuity must be ensured along the entire length of
all cable coverings, particularly at joints and splices. In no case
should the shielding of cables be used as the only means of
grounding cables or units.
Metallic casings, pipes and conduits must be grounded, and
when fitted with joints these must be mechanically and
electrically grounded locally.
Cable connections
All cable connections are shown on the applicable cable plan
and interconnection diagrams.
Where the cable plan shows cable connections outside an
equipment box outline, the connections are to be made to a plug
or socket which matches the plug or socket on that particular
item of equipment.
Where two cables are connected in series via a junction box or
terminal block, the screens of both cables must be connected
together but not grounded.
32
357314/A
Cables
Cable terminations
Care must be taken to ensure that the correct terminations are
used for all cable conductors, especially those that are to be
connected to terminal blocks. In this case, crimped sleeveterminations must be fitted to prevent the conductor core from
fraying and making a bad connection with the terminal block. It
is also of the utmost importance that where crimped
terminations are used, the correct size of crimp and crimping
tool are used. In addition, each cable conductor must have a
minimum of 15 cm slack (service loop) left before its
termination is fitted.
Cable identification
Cable identification codes corresponding to the cable number
shown in the cable plan must be attached to each of the external
cables. These identification codes should be positioned on the
cable in such a way that they are readily visible after all panels
have been fitted. In addition, each cable conductor should be
marked with the terminal board number or socket to which it is
connected.
Cable planning
All cables must be available at the units, properly installed in
cable ducting.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Special system requirements, adaptations or components may
introduce special drawings and cables.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
All power must be switched off prior to the cable
installation.
Caution
Do not to exceed the physical limitations of the cables.
____________________________________________________________
Note
In order to meet the EMC requirements, dedicated grounding
cables have been used to connect the various system units to the
vessel’s ground. These cables must not be longer than 1 meter.
____________________________________________________________
357314/A
33
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
APC 1x
APC 1x connections
All connections to and from the APC 1x are made at the back of
the unit. The back panel is divided into three sections of
connectors:
Mains power input:
Power input
Motherboard connectors:
Trackball (mouse)
Keyboard PS/2 style connector
9-pin Delta-connector (not used)
USB ports
PCB connectors:
15-pin Delta-connector, VGA video connector
VHDC1-68 connector, PORT 1, PORT 2,... PORT 8
for serial line cable.
The split cable is shown on page 122
Ethernet connectors for NET A and Net B
Ethernet connector - connection to the transceiver unit
(Cd31182a)
DVI connector for Display
Main power
Display connectors
On/Off switch
PORT 1, PORT 2,
...., PORT 8
Figure 11 APC 12 rear panel
34
357314/A
Cables
APC 1x Dual Net connection
The APC 1x connections for Dual Net are done via two
connectors as follows:
NET A
The RJ45 connector from NET A is connected to the Main
Net A.
NET B
If dual net is used, the RJ45 connector from NET B is
connected to the Main Net B.
Category 5
APC 1x
NET B
NET A
(Cd5037)
Contact opening
Front view
RJ45
RJ45
To Main NET A
To Main NET B
(Option)
Category 5, STP
Patch cable
Figure 12 APC 1x Dual Net connection
Cable details see Drawing file chapter from page 112.
Depending on the Main Net implementation, the RJ45 connector
could be connected directly to a HUB or a Patch panel.
If a fibre-optic net is used, a fibre-optic Ethernet converter is to
be installed, and the RJ45 connector is then connected to this
converter.
When no other units are connected, a Category 5 STP cable can
be used directly from controlling APC 1x to the APC 1x in the
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit transceiver unit.
357314/A
35
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
GPS input signals connections
The signal from the GPS is normally a RS-232 serial line
transmitting NMEA serial data, and a TTL pulse once pr. second
to synchronise the APC 1x internal timing clock to the GPS
clock.
This connection is normally done as follows:
RS-232 Data
Pin 2 PORT APC 1x
1 PPS Pulse*
Pin 8 PORT APC 1x
Ground ref.
Pin 5 PORT APC 1x
any PORT for RS-232 may be used.
____________________________________________________________
Note
*The 1PPS pulse can have different pulse length and polarity
from different suppliers of GPS receivers, so the connection
described above will not always work. A 1PPS converter can be
used to handle the problem.
____________________________________________________________
1PPS converter (option)
This converter passes the RS-232 Data through but shapes the
1PPS pulse to a fixed pulse length and converts it from TTL
level to RS-232 level.
To COM PORT
1/2 APC 1x
(Cd5464)
Figure 13 1PPS converter connections
A 9-pin D-connector extension cable is delivered with the
converter so it can be mounted where the APC 1x is mounted.
The converter needs an external power of 9-15VDC 100 mA.
If the distance between the GPS receiver and the APC 1x is
more than 10 m, we advice you to mount the 1PPS converter
close to the GPS receiver.
36
357314/A
Cables
1PPS converter internal
The 1PPS converter contains 2 DIP switch blocks.
ST14, ST15, ST16, ST17 controls the edge triggering of the
1PPS pulse.
Pos
Edge trig
Neg
Edge trig
ST16
ST15
ST14
ST17
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ST16
ST15
ST14
ST17
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ST13 =
ST12 =
ST10 =
ST11 =
NEG
POS
NEG
POS
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
PULSE
PULSE
PULSE
PULSE
TERMINAL 9
TERMINAL 9
9 Pin D-SUB Pin 8
9 Pin D-SUB Pin 8
ST3 = Connect
Data RX (Normally connected)
to 9 Pin D-SUB Pin 2
ST4 = Connect
Data TX (Normally connected)
to 9 Pin D-SUB Pin 3
ST7 = Connect
422A+ (Normally open)
to 9 Pin D-SUB Pin 9
ST2 = Connect
422A (Normally open)
to 9 Pin D-SUB Pin 6
ST6 = Connect
422B (Normally open)
to 9 Pin D-SUB Pin 4
ST1 = Connect
422B+ (Normally open)
to 9 Pin D-SUB Pin 1
ST8 = Select
Length A pulse (Normally open)
to RS-422 Converter
ST9 = Select
Length B pulse (Normally open)
to RS-422 Converter
ST5 = Connect
1PPS (Normally connected)
to 9 Pin D-SUB Pin 8
357314/A
37
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Retrofit transceiver unit
Wiring diagram on page 118
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Ensure that 10 cm of slack cable is provided outside the
cabinet to allow the cabinet to move on its shock
absorbers without damaging the cable.
____________________________________________________________
Retrofit transceiver internal cabling
System cables
To transceiver APC 1x - see Wiring diagram for Retrofit
transceiver unit on page 118.
Transducer cable
The cable is connected to the left side of the unit and patched to the
filter cards on the electronics rack.
Retrofit transceiver power cable
The power cable connects to the power socket at the base of the
unit and secured to a strain relief.
38
357314/A
(Cd31245)
Cables
Figure 14 Power socket location on Retrofit transceiver unit
Retrofit transceiver - transducer cables
Cables connection
The cables from the TD is connected to the left side of the
transceiver, and from there a patch cable connects to the filter
cards in the electronics rack as shown in Figure 15. Cable 0 to
Filter board 0, Cable 1 to Filter board 1, ...... Cable 7 to Filter
board 7.
The correct order is indicated in the figure on page 54.
357314/A
39
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
PCB rack rear side
Each transducer cable
is labeled as shown
Side wall of
the cabinet
(Cd31246)
Figure 15 Transducer cable with plug inside the cabinet
Cable information
Detailed information is found in the MK1 HiPAP hull units Cable
layout and interconnections manual (851-160746).
40
357314/A
Operation
7
OPERATION
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit operation
Operarating the HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit system is the same
as the HiPAP system - see the APOS for HiPAP
501/451/351/101 Instruction Manual and the APOS Online help.
Integrated operation with Dynamic Positioning
(DP) system
The HiPAP system controller APC 1x, is mounted separately
and connected to the DP console via Net A and Net B.
357314/A
41
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
8
MAINTENANCE
This chapter contains information on how to perform all normal
preventive and corrective maintenance on the standard HiPAP
system units.
The procedures are identical for all HiPAP system.
The technical descriptions included in this manual are
intended to be used by maintenance technician and/or
engineer, with experience of computer-based electronic
circuitry. It is also strongly recommended that the personnel
are familiar with the basic principles of hydro-acoustic
technology, and in particular, positioning systems.
The maintenance personnel are expected to replace faulty
Line Replaceable Units (LRUs) (circuit boards or modules),
but not to perform circuit board repairs. In order to find the
faulty component, it is also expected that the maintenance
personnel have access to standard electronic instruments,
such as oscilloscopes and MultiMate’s.
____________________________________________________________
Note
If your organization (or vessel/rig) does not have the
appropriate personnel available, you are strongly advised to
contact either Kongsberg Maritime or your dealer for
assistance.
____________________________________________________________
Warning
Kongsberg Maritime accepts no responsibility for
any damage or injury to the system, ship or
personnel caused by drawings, instructions and
procedures not prepared by Kongsberg Maritime.
____________________________________________________________
This manual does not describe the maintenance of the peripheral
devices (printers, plotters and sensors). For information about
these items, refer to the applicable manufacturer’s
documentation.
Topics
Safety on page 43
Before you start on page 43
Maintenance philosophy on page 44
Maintenance schedule on page 45
Preventive maintenance on page 45
APC 1x computer on page 45
42
357314/A
Maintenance
Keyboard on page 51
Trackball on page 51
1PPS converter (option) on page 51
Ethernet switch / Converter on page 51
Retrofit Transceiver unit on page 52
Circuit boards and units on page 62
Related topics
Backup on page 2
Software upgrade on page 2
Spare parts on page 76
Drawings in the Drawing file chapter from page 112
Safety
Refer to standard company/vessel safety procedures before
commencing maintenance work.
See also High voltage safety warning on page II in this manual.
____________________________________________________________
Note
After any maintenance work, the system must be checked to
ensure it works correctly. Refer to the procedure in the Test and
alignment procedures.
____________________________________________________________
Before you start
Before you start performing any maintenance, the power
must be switched off, and it must be kept off while the
maintenance is being carried out.
____________________________________________________________
Warning
The maintenance engineer MUST wear a
grounding bracelet, which is securely connected
to the vessel’s ground, at all times when
performing maintenance on the units.
____________________________________________________________
357314/A
1
Switch off all power to the HiPAP system, and to other
systems connected to the HiPAP (Motion sensor, Heading
sensor etc.).
2
For the other systems, remove the fuses if possible, and
label the fuse panels with tags stating that maintenance is
being carried out on the system.
43
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Maintenance philosophy
The maintenance philosophy recommended by Kongsberg
Maritime is:
On-board maintenance should be carried out by a
maintenance engineer, with the assistance of the operator.
The maintenance should include the following:
Calibrations
Simulations
Functional tests
Traditional troubleshooting based on a good knowledge of
the system.
Replacement of faulty parts should be limited to the line
replaceable units (LRUs) recommended in the spare parts list.
Whenever a faulty unit has been replaced, the unserviceable unit
should be sent to Kongsberg Maritime, or an appointed dealer,
for repair.
Error detection
If a fault is detected, the operator should call the maintenance
engineer at the earliest opportunity. The operator should be
issued with a standard procedure detailing how he/she is to
respond to system errors or faults. This procedure should
contain the following (as a minimum):
Whenever an error message appears:
Write down any Alarm message.
Write down the parameters currently set in the system.
Write down a brief description of the actions currently being
carried out.
Write down the commands being executed (if any) when the
error appeared.
Write down the controls carried out (if any) when the error
message appeared.
Write down any other information that might be valuable to
the maintenance engineer during troubleshooting. This also
includes events not directly connected to the system (for
example bad weather, excessive temperature in operations
room etc.).
44
357314/A
Maintenance
Verification
The first action to be performed by the maintenance engineer on
receipt of a fault message must be fault verification. If the
system has been closed down, it should be powered up again
(unless the fault has caused serious damage to the system), and
an attempt made to make the fault reappear.
Verify the fault during continued operation.
Maintenance schedule
Maintenance routines must be performed regularly and
effectively to ensure that the equipment is kept in top condition.
The chart below states the maximum recommended intervals at
which the various routines should be performed - the intervals
should be decreased if the system is used excessively.
Maintenance chart
Unit
Weekly
1-3 Month
6 Months
All units - exterior
Clean
-
Check
All cable connections
-
-
Check
APC 1x filter
Check/Clean
Reference
See page 47
Preventive maintenance
The preventive maintenance consists of keeping the units clean.
Use:
Soft lint-free cloth
Bucket
Mild liquid detergent
Wet the cloth, then wring as much of the water out as possible.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Use only a damp cloth to make sure there is no possibility of
water dripping into the unit.
____________________________________________________________
APC 1x computer
This section describes the internal layout, connections and
replacement of the APC 1x parts.
Topics
Internal layout on page 46
357314/A
45
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Opening/closing the unit on page 47
Replacement of parts on page 47
Before you start
____________________________________________________________
Note
Before you start, please read the general maintenance
information on page 43.
____________________________________________________________
APC 1x internal
The following units and circuit boards in the APC 1x are defined
as Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
Serial line adapter board
Two Ethernet boards
Video adapter board
Hard disk
Power supply
DVD Recorder unit
The APC 1x is based on a commercially available motherboard
and the additional boards are standard plug-in circuit boards.
The placement of boards and units are shown in the figure
below. The boards (not the motherboard) and units can be
replaced separately.
Ethernet boards
Processor
Hard disk cooling fan Power supply
Serial line
adapter board
Video
adapter board
DVD recorder
(CD31087)
Motherboard
Figure 16 APC 1x -typical internal layout
46
357314/A
Maintenance
Replacement of APC 1x unit parts
Topics
How to open/close the APC 1x unit on page 47
Replacing the dust filter on page 47
Replacing the hard disk on page 48
Replacing the DVD recorder on page 49
Replacing the power supply on page 49
Replacing the circuit boards on page 50
How to open the APC 1x unit
1
Switch off the APC 1x power.
2
Remove the power connector from the back of the unit.
3
Switch off power to all other units connected to the
APC 1x (display, transceiver, motion sensor, etc).
4
Remove the 14 screws which secure the top cover onto the
APC 1x (4 at the front, 4 on the top, and 3 on each side).
5
Lift the top cover clear of the APC 1x chassis.
How to close the APC 1x unit
1
Ensure all the required units and circuit boards are located
correctly, and any securing screws and clips are tight.
2
Ensuring no wires or cables are trapped, carefully replace
the cover onto the APC 1x.
3
Once all the screw holes are aligned, replace the 14
securing screws.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Do not over-tighten the screws as you may strip the threads off
either the screws or the tapped holes in the APC 1x chassis.
____________________________________________________________
357314/A
4
Remount the APC 1x unit into its rack or desktop as
required.
5
Check that the supply voltage change-over switch is set
correctly, and plug the mains cable into the connector on
the rear of the unit.
6
Apply power to the APC 1x unit and peripherals.
47
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Dust filter
A filter is fitted as indicated in the figure below. When required,
the filter must be cleaned, to avoid blocking of the air
circulation within the unit.
Dust filter types
Filter type SP 120, order number see page 77.
(Cd31080a)
Dust filter behind top cover
Figure 17 APC 1x unit - filter location
Replacing APC filters
To clean the filters proceed as follows:
1
Switch off the APC 1x power.
2
Remove the top cover from the APC 1x.
3
Remove the filter.
4
Wash the filter in lukewarm water.
5
Leave it to dry before you re-install it.
6
When cleaning the filter is no longer sufficient, replace the
dust filter.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Use the correct filter type to ensure correct air flow!
____________________________________________________________
Replacing the hard disk
To remove the hard disk unit, proceed as follows:
48
1
Switch off the APC 1x power.
2
Remove the top cover from the APC 1x.
3
Use a suitable box spanner and remove the four nuts that
secure the hard disk drive onto the disk drive chassis.
357314/A
Maintenance
4
Lift the hard disk unit off the chassis.
5
Disconnect the two plugs.
6
The hard disk unit can now be removed from the APC 1x.
To replace the unit, follow the above procedure in reverse.
____________________________________________________________
Note
For further details about formatting and configuration of the
new hard disk, please contact Kongsberg Maritime.
Replacing the DVD unit
To remove the DVD unit disk drive unit, proceed as follows:
1
Switch off the APC 1x power.
2
Remove the top cover from the APC 1x.
3
Use a positive screwdriver and remove the six screws that
hold the disk drive chassis into the APC 1x unit.
- Four screws are located in the front of the unit
behind the drive unit cover plate. Two screws are
located in the rear of the unit above the connector
panel.
4
Carefully lift the disk drive chassis out.
5
Remove the eight screws (four on each side) holding the
DVD unit into the chassis.
6
Disconnect the two plugs.
7
The DVD unit can now be removed.
8
To replace the unit, follow the above procedure in reverse.
Replacing the power supply
To remove the power supply unit, proceed as follows:
357314/A
1
Switch off the APC 1x power.
2
Remove the top cover from the APC 1x.
3
Use a positive screwdriver and remove the five screws that
hold the power supply unit into the APC 1x chassis.
- Four screws are located in the rear of the unit, one is
located on the side.
49
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
(CD3893)
Figure 18 Location of the five power supply retaining screws
4
Carefully lift the power supply out.
5
Disconnect the plug from the motherboard.
6
The power supply can now be removed.
To replace the power supply unit, follow the above procedure in
reverse. Remember to select correct voltage (if requiered).
Replacing circuit boards
See overview of “standard” boards on page 63.
General procedure
____________________________________________________________
Caution
If you are to use a board different from a “standard”
board, contact Kongsberg Maritime service personnel
for software updates.
____________________________________________________________
To remove one of the circuit boards, proceed as follows:
50
1
Switch off the APC 1x power.
2
Remove the top cover from the APC 1x.
3
Insert a small positive screwdriver down through the
appropriate hole in the APC 1x rear chassis plate, and
remove the screw that secures the faulty circuit board into
the chassis.
4
Slacken the three white plastic PCB clamping nuts located
on the rear of the APC 1x chassis.
357314/A
Maintenance
(CD3893c)
Figure 19 PCB clamp nuts
5
Carefully lift the circuit board out.
To replace the board, follow the above procedure in reverse.
Keyboard
Under normal conditions, maintenance is not required, apart
from keeping the unit clean. If the keyboard is not functioning
properly, the unit must be replaced.
Trackball
Under normal conditions, maintenance is not required, apart
from keeping the unit clean. If the trackball is not functioning
properly, the unit must be replaced.
1PPS converter (option)
Maintenance is not required under normal conditions apart from
keeping the unit clean. If the 1PPS converter is not functioning
properly the unit must be replaced.
1PPS converter information, see page 10
Ethernet extender (option single net via DSL
modem)
Maintenance is not required under normal conditions apart from
keeping the unit clean. If the Ethernet extender is not
functioning properly, the unit must be replaced.
For more information, refer to separate manual supplied with the
ethernet extender.
357314/A
51
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Removal
1
Disconnect all power to the unit.
2
Remove all cables.
3
Remove the unit (lift until the upper part releases from the
DIN-rail).
Replacement
In principle, replacing the Ethernet extender is to perform the
steps in paragraph Removal in reverse order.
Retrofit Transceiver unit
This section describes the internal layout, connections and
replacement of the Retrofit Transceiver unit parts.
Topics
Retrofit Transceiver unit internal layout on page 53.
Replacement of parts on page 54
If more information is required, contact Kongsberg Maritime for
service.
Before you start
____________________________________________________________
Note
Before you start, please read the general maintenance
information on page 43
____________________________________________________________
52
357314/A
Maintenance
Retrofit Transceiver unit - internal layout
Patch cable for
remote power control
Patch cables from TRX32
boards to Ethernet switch
Connector for
Sync Responder trig
Power supply PSU-Main
Power indicators (LEDs)
Power supply PSU-48V Dc
Switch for:
Service ON
Power OFF
Remote for sub-rack
TRX32 boards
Fuses
Fan unit
APC 12
APC 12
(Cd31244)
Power supply for
Ethernet switch
Main switch (ON/OFF)
with Fuse
Service connector
Figure 20 Retrofit Transceiver unit - internal layout
The following parts contained within this transceiver unit are
defined as Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
- Transmitter/Receiver board - up to eight (8) boards,
depending on the system configuration.
This is a plug-in unit.
- Transmitter/Receiver filter board - up to eight (8)
TRX32 Filter boards
boards, depending on the system configuration.
This is a plug-in unit.
- Provides the voltages required by the TRX32 boards,
Power supply PSU-Main
and carries a “power on” indicator.
This is a plug-in unit.
Power supply PSU-48 V Dc - Provides power to the transmitters and carries a
“power on” indicator. This is a plug-in unit.
- For air circulation inside the transceiver unit.
Fan unit
- Used for connecting externally supplied signals.
D-sub to terminal blocks
- The DR-4524 DIN-rail 24 Vdc Power Supply is used.
Ethernet switch PSU
- Ethernet to Fibre-optic converter. Redundant Ethernet
Ethernet switch
TRX32 boards
357314/A
53
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
possibility.
- Westermo DDW-120 Ethernet SHDSL Extender is
used for this purpose.
- This unit is mounted on the transceiver door. It cools
the air inside the transceiver.
Ethernet extender
Cooling unit
Separate manual is supplied with the unit. This is not a
Kongsberg Maritime document.
- Runs the HiPAP programme and communicates with
the controlling APC1x computer (on the Bridge or in
the Survey room).
APC 1x computer
Retrofit Transceiver unit, PCB rack
PCB rack rear side
0
Fuse
behind
cover
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
TRX32 Filter boards
Fan unit
(Cd31100)
Figure 21 Retrofit Transceiver unit, PCB rack
Replacement of Retrofit Transceiver unit
parts
Topics
How to open/ close the door on page 55
Replacement of the TRX32 boards on page 55
Replacement of the TRX32 filter boards on page 57
Replacement of the power modules on page 58
Replacement of the Ethernet switch on page 59
Replacement of the power unit for Ethernet switch on page 59
Replacement of the terminal blocks on page 60
Replacement of the fans on page 58
54
357314/A
Maintenance
Replacement of the fuses on page 61
If more information is required, contact Kongsberg Maritime for
service.
Before you start
____________________________________________________________
Note
Before you start, please read the general maintenance
information on page 43.
____________________________________________________________
How to open/close the door
Before performing any replacements, you must open the
transceiver unit front door. To do this:
1
Loosen the four captive screws in the corners of the door.
2
Lift the door off.
- Remember to disconnect the power for the Cooling
unit before putting the door in a safe place.
To close the door, proceed in reverse order!
Circuit boards basics
TRX32 boards location, see the figure on page 53.
TRX32 filter boards location, see the figure on page 54.
The circuit boards in the transceiver unit rack are all plug-in
modules. The boards are locked into position by two ejectors.
TRX32 Transceiver board visual inspection
Refer to page 73
Replacement of a TRX32 Transceiver board
Before you start, read the following:
Before you start removing any board/unit on page 43.
How to open/close the Transceiver unit door on page 55.
Removal
357314/A
1
Switch off the transceiver unit using the Main switch.
2
Locate the faulty board.
55
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
(cd31130)
Figure 22 TRX32 Transceiver board
3
Note the locations of, and remove, any cable connected to
the front of the board.
4
Grab the board ejectors with both hands (B), and press
down the red knob (A) on the board ejectors.
- The ejectors are now free.
5
To loosen the board, push the top ejectors (B) upwards,
and the bottom ejector (B) downward.
6
Then pull the board straight out (C).
7
Place the board into an anti-static plastic bag and place it
on a clean, stable work-bench where it cannot come to any
harm.
Replacement
In principle, replacing a board is to perform the steps in
Removal a TRX32 board in reverse order.
56
1
Grab the board ejectors with both hands, and push the
board straight in.
2
Lock the board in place by pushing the top locking handle
down, and pull the bottom locking handle up.
357314/A
Maintenance
3
Insert the front mounted Ethernet cable and other front
mounted cables.
4
Once all the boards are in position, re-apply power as
required.
5
Close the transceiver unit front door.
- Remember to plug in the power for the cooling unit
befor closing door.
Replacement of a TRX32 filter board
Before you start, read the following:
Before you start removing any board/unit on page 43.
How to open/close the Transceiver unit door on page 55.
Removal
1
Switch off the transceiver unit using the Main switch.
2
To access the filter boards:
a Open the access door to remove a filter board.
Same principle as removing a TRX32 board, see
procedure on page 55.
or
b Removing the PCB rack.
How to remove the PCB rack, see procedure on page 58.
Replacement
In principle, replacing a power unit is to perform the steps in
paragraph Removal in reverse order.
Replacement of units
Before you start, read the following:
Before you start removing any board/unit on page 43.
How to open/close the Transceiver unit door on page 55.
Units location, see the figure on page 53.
PCB rack
Removal
The unit is mounted with four (4) screws.
Remove the module as follows:
357314/A
1
Switch off the transceiver unit using the Main switch.
2
Remove the cables (C) at the front of the rack.
57
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
A
A
C
B
B
A
A
D
(Cd31095c)
D
Figure 23 Retrofit Transceiver unit PCB rack
3
Open the access door on the left side and disconnect the
transducer cables from the filter boards.
4
Remove the four screws (A).
5
Grab the two handles (B) and pull the rack gently out.
6
When the rack is almost pulled out, support the rack and
lift it out.
7
Place the rack on a suitable workbench.
Replacement
In principle, replacing the rack is to perform the steps in
paragraph Removal in reverse order.
Power modules
Removal/ Replacement
Same principle as removing/ replacing a TRX32 board, see
procedures starting on page 55.
Fan unit
Removal
1
Switch off the transceiver unit using the Main switch.
2
Remove the two screws (D) in the front.
See Figure 23 on page 58
3
58
Pull the lower edge down and out.
357314/A
Maintenance
Replacement
In principle, replacing the fan unit is to perform the steps in
paragraph Removal in reverse order.
Ethernet switch
Removal
The Ethernet switch/Converter is located on a bracket at the
bottom left corner of the transceiver unit.
1
Switch off the transceiver unit using the Main switch.
2
Remove all cables.
3
Remove cover for old intake filter from underneath the
transceiver unit.
4
Loosen the 4 screws holding the Ethernet switch bracket
and remove the Ethernet switch.
Replacement
In principle, replacing the ethernet Switch is to perform the steps
in paragraph Removal in reverse order.
____________________________________________________________
Note
The new Ethernet switch/Converter must be configured.
____________________________________________________________
Configuration of Ethernet switch
The new Ethernet switch must be configured. You will find the
configuration information on the Operator station (APC 1x).
Ref:
C:\Install\moxa\moxaconfig.rtf
Power unit for Ethernet switch
Removal
The Ethernet switch power unit is located on the support rail at
the bottom of the transceiver unit. To remove/replace the unit:
Same principle as for the Ethernet switch.
Replacement
Same principle as for the Ethernet switch.
357314/A
59
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Ethernet extender
Maintenance is not required under normal conditions apart from
keeping the unit clean. If the Ethernet extender is not
functioning properly, the unit must be replaced.
For more information, refer to separate manual supplied with the
ethernet extender.
Removal
1
Switch off the transceiver unit using the Main switch.
2
Remove all cables.
3
Remove the unit (lift till the upper part releases from the
DIN-rail).
Replacement
In principle, replacing the Ethernet extender is to perform the
steps in paragraph Removal in reverse order.
S-sub to Terminal block
Removal
The D-sub to terminal block modules are located on the support
rail at the bottom of the transceiver unit. Remove the module as
follows:
1
Switch off the transceiver unit using the Main switch.
2
Remove the power cables in to the cabinet.
3
Disconnect the terminal block module.
4
The module is snapped on. To remove it, use a small
screwdriver to release the lock-tab in the upper end, and
pull it directly out from the support rail.
Replacement
To replace a terminal block module, proceed as follows:
1
Align the lower part of the module on the support rail.
2
Press the upper part of the module until it snaps into place.
Fuses
The transceiver unit is powered via a Main switch mounted on
the support rail at the bottom of the transceiver unit. The Main
Switch acts as both a circuit breaker and a fuse, and it trips at 10
A.
60
357314/A
Maintenance
Fuse replacement
1
Switch off all external units and systems connected to the
HiPAP system.
2
Open the transceiver unit front door.
3
Switch off power to the unit using the Main switch.
4
Replace the blown fuse(s) with a fuse with correct size
and type.
See the table below for more information.
5
If the Main switch has tripped, remake the switch.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Release the switch immediately. It is made so it can
trip again if necessary.
____________________________________________________________
6
First, return power to the HiPAP system, then to the other
external units.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
If, when a fuse is replaced, it blows or trips again when
power is switched on to the system, a more serious
fault exists. Do not replace the fuse(s) a second time
till the fault has been found and corrected.
____________________________________________________________
7
357314/A
Close the transceiver unit front door.
61
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Fuses
Unit
Fuse location
Main switch
Location, see figure on N/A
page 53.
Located at the rear
TRX32 Filter
side of the PCB rack,
board power
see figure on page 54.
connector with
ON / OFF switch.
Fuse replacement
Fuse description
The fuse is a circuit
breaker, and it trips
at 10 A (K10A type).
To access the fuse,
Fuse - 250 V, 6.3 A,
open the access door. slow-blow.
The fuse is placed
behind a cover, on
top of the power
connector.
Power PSU-Main Location, see figure on The fuse is contained
page 53.
in a fuse holder. To
48 Vdc
replace the fuse:
Use a screwdriver,
press down and turn
the holder half a
turn. Take the holder
out and remove the
fuse. Replace the
fuse in reverse order!
Location, see figure on The fuse is contained
Power unit for
page 53.
in a fuse holder. To
transmitters
replace the fuse:
PSV-Main
Use a screwdriver,
press down and turn
the holder half a
turn. Take the holder
out and remove the
fuse. Replace the
fuse in reverse order!
F1 and F2.
F1 - 250 V, 6.3 A,
slow-blow.
F2 - 250 V, 6.3 A,
slow-blow.
F1 and F2.
F1 - 250 V, 8 A,
slow-blow.
F2 - 250 V, 8 A,
slow-blow.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Always use the correct size and type of fuse.
Irreparable damage may be caused to the transceiver
unit if the wrong fuse (or anything else) is used.
____________________________________________________________
Circuit boards and units
This section provides information on the circuit boards and
power units. Switch settings and links are described where
necessary.
62
357314/A
Maintenance
Topics
APC 1x on page 63
Transceiver units on page 66
APC 1x circuit boards and power unit
This section provides a short description of the circuit boards
and power unit contained within the APC 1x.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
The APC 1x may be set up with various configurations
of boards and units, depending on the actual delivery.
The boards/units may also vary depending on
availability. The “standard” boards and units are
described here.
____________________________________________________________
Topics
Serial line adapter board on page 63
Ethernet board on page 64
Video adapter board on page 64
Power supply on page 65
BlueStorm/PCI serial adapter board
Manufacturer; http://www.connecttech.com
This serial adapter board is a commercially available board. It is
equipped with:
four RS-232
four RS-422.
Several cards can be used in the computer to increase the
number of outputs available.
BlueStorm/PCI installation for Windows XP
The BlueStorm/PCI board uses a specific driver on Windows
XP. This device driver provides an interface between the
Windows XP operating environment and a BlueStorm/PCI
adapter. Under Windows XP you can install a maximum of 256
serial ports.
Install the driver
Test the board
Refer to the BlueStorm/PCI User Manual.
357314/A
63
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Switches
The BlueStorm/PCI board holds no switches.
Links
The BlueStorm/PCI board holds no links.
Connectors
One PCI connector
One VHDC1-68 female connector for the serial lines.
→
Cable details on page 122
Ethernet board
Manufacturer; http://www.intel.com
The Desktop Adapter board is a commercially available
Ethernet board. It is compatible with Fast Ethernet and Ethernet.
This is a “Repair-by-replacement” item. If the board develops a
fault, the entire board must be replaced.
LEDs
The PRO/1000 GT Desktop Adapter board holds no LEDs.
Switches
The PRO/1000 GT Desktop Adapter board holds no switches.
Links
The PRO/1000 GT Desktop Adapter board holds no links.
Connectors
Three edge connectors to connect it into the motherboard.
One standard RJ-45 for external Ethernet connection.
ATI Radeon Video adapter board
Manufacturer; http://www.ati.com
The ATI Radeon is a commercially available video adapter
board.
This is a “Repair-by-replacement” item. If the board develops a
fault, the entire board must be replaced.
LEDs
The ATI Radeon board holds no LEDs.
Switches
The ATI Radeon board holds no switches.
64
357314/A
Maintenance
Links
The ATI Radeon board holds no links.
Connectors
Three edge connectors to connect it into the motherboard.
One standard 15 pin D-connector for the monitor.
One standard DVI connector for the monitor.
Power supply
The power supply is a commercially available power supply.
The AC power supply enables the computer to be powered from
a 115/230 Vac mains supply.
The power supply is a sealed unit. In the event of malfunction,
replace the unit.
Input voltage
The correct range of ac input voltage in the working
environment is selected by the slide switch.
230 Vac (minimum: 180 V / maximum: -265 V)
or
115 Vac (minimum: 90 V / maximum: -135 V)
The maximum Dc output current of +5V: 2.2A
Configuration of power distribution
+3.3 V
32 A
+5 V
32 A
+12 V
26 A
-5 V
1A
-12 V
1A
2.2 A
357314/A
0.3 A
1. Max. continuous total Dc
output power shall not
0.3 A
exceed 350 W.
1.5 A
2. Max. output combined on
+5 V and +3.3 V shall not
0A
exceed 185 W.
0A
0.1 A
65
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Transceiver units
This section provides a short description of the circuit boards
and power supply units contained within the transceiver units.
The following circuit boards and units are described:
Common circuit boards
Topics
TRX32 transceiver board on page 66
TRX32 filter board on page 74
Retrofit Transceiver unit
Location of units, see Figure 20 on page 53.
Topics
Power supplies - contact Kongsberg Maritime
Ethernet switch - contact Kongsberg Maritime
Fan unit - contact Kongsberg Maritime
Cooling unit - refer to separate manual supplied with the unit
TRX32 Transceiver board
The TRX32 board is a 32 channels multi-frequency transmitter
and receiver circuit board.
The board is normally covered by a protection, screening and
strengthening plate, which covers most of the component side of
the board.
The board is locked in position by two board ejectors.
Function
The TRX32 board holds a total of 32 transmitters and 32
receivers, and each transmitter/receiver pair is connected via the
cable to a specific element in the transducer. The board also
contains computing power.
66
357314/A
Maintenance
Configuration
The TRX32 board is fitted with LEDs to monitor its operational
status, as well as links and switches to set it up for various
applications.
Figure 24 TRX32 Front panel
A - LEDs to monitor Ethernet activity
P4 - External synchronisation
B - LEDs to monitor input/output
activity and power supplies
P5 - Serial input/output for
development and debugging purposes
P9 - Ethernet connector
P7 - Serial input/output for
development and debugging purposes
P3 - JTAG connector
357314/A
67
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
C
D
P8
P1
G
E
F
F4
F3
P2
F2
F1
(Cd31070)
Figure 25 TRX32 Top view
Fuses:
C - Switch SW1
D - Switch SW2
F1 - 12 V fuse 4 A 250 V
E - Links ST1, ST2, ST3 and ST4
F2 - 6 V fuse 4 A 250 V
F - Links ST5, ST6, ST7 and ST8
F3 - High voltage fuse 6.3 A 250 V
G - Links ST9 and ST10
F4 - High voltage fuse 6.3 A 250 V
P1 - Backplane connector power
and signals
P2 - Backplane connector to
transducer element
P8 - JTAG connector
LEDs
LEDs location, see Figure 24 on page 66.
Ethernet LEDs (pos A)
Four LED’s display Ethernet operating mode and activity as
follows:
68
357314/A
Maintenance
LED
Function
LINK (green)
The connection to the external device is OK
SPEED (yellow)
The detected bit rate is 100 Mbit/s
ACTIVITY (green)
Flashing light indicates transmit and receive activity
DUPLEX (yellow)
The interface operates in full duplex mode
Processor activity and error conditions LEDs (pos B)
The front panel includes 8 yellow LEDs (IO0-IO7) displaying
processor activity and various error conditions, and 5 LEDs
indication power supply status.
LED
Function
IO0-IO3 (yellow)
Show the PowerPC boot sequence
IO7 (yellow)
Indicates that the MicroBlaze program has successfully started
5 (green)
The 5 green LEDs indicate that the internal supply
voltages are OK
IO 0 - The PowerPC embedded program broadcasts a
BOOTP/DHCP (Boot Strap Protocol / Dynamic Host.
IO 1 - A BOOTP/DHCP reply message has been received
from an external boot server containing:
IP address of the server providing the PowerPC
application program
name of the file containing the PowerPC application
program
IP address assigned to the transceiver board
subnet-mask to be used for receiving limited broadcast
messages.
IO 2 - The PowerPC sends a TFTP (Trivial File Transfer
Protocol) request to the boot server asking for its application
program. The application program has been successfully
down-loaded and is up and running.
IO 3 - The PowerPC embedded program is up and running.
The PowerPC embedded program is included in the FPGA
firmware as initialized block RAM.
IO 4 - This LED flashes when the receivers are running and
generating sample data. The flash speed is proportional to the
receiver decimation clock.
IO 5 - This LED is reserved for product maintenance tasks at
Kongsberg Maritime.
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
IO 6 - This LED flashes every time TXENABLE goes active.
IO 7 - The MicroBlaze embedded program is up and running.
The MicroBlaze embedded program is included in the FPGA
firmware as initialized block RAM.
Switches
The TRX32 board holds two switches, SW1 and SW2.
Switches location - see figure on page 68
SW1
Board ID upper bits switch. SW1 1 ON require TRX32 rev H
and system backplane support for 8 ID bits. The Version
Acknowledge reports which method is selected.
SW1 - 1
Rack ID select:
P1 A1 - A3 (ID5 - ID7) / SW1 Rack ID bit 0 - 2
ON/ OFF
SW1 - 2
Rack ID bit 0
ON = 0
SW1 - 3
Rack ID bit 1
ON = 0
SW1 - 4
Rack ID bit 2
ON = 0
SW2
The PROM revision select is for future expansion, current
PROM only holds one configuration.
SW2 - 1
Firmware configuration PROM revision select
mode software / hardware OPEN / CLOSED
OPEN
SW2 - 2
Firmware configuration PROM revision bit 0
OPEN
SW2 - 3
Firmware configuration PROM revision bit 1
OPEN
SW2 - 4
Not connected
Links
The TRX32 board holds the following links:
Links location - see figure on page 68
ST1 - ST4
Used for Ethernet field upgrade of FPGA
configuration firmware
CLOSED
ST5
No function
OPEN
ST6
HALT
Alternative use of LED’s and test points for
debugging purpose
OPEN
ST7
TRST
No function
OPEN
Legacy PPC software control of start FPGA
configuration from firmware PROM
CLOSED
ST8
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Maintenance
ST9
PROG
ST10 INIT
Manual control of start FPGA configuration from
firmware PROM
OPEN
Manual reset of the firmware PROM internal
address counter
OPEN
Connectors
P1 - a 96-pin, male right-angled euro-connector, located on
the rear edge of the board. It carries power and digital control
signals.
P2 - a 96-pin, male, right-angled euro-connector, located on
the rear edge of the board. Connector for the transducer
elements cables (two wires per element).
P3, P4, P5, P7, P8, P9, male, right-angled connectors,
located on the front edge of the board.
Degree of protection:
IP 66
Transmit synchronization with external
equipment
Transmit
External
External
trigger
CLK20MHZ
TXENABLE
Decimation
clock
Transmit
pulse
(Cd31175)
Figure 26 Transmit synchronization with external triggering
In some applications the transmit cycle is triggered by an
external hardware signal:
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1
The host computer downloads a sequence of Ethernet
commands (broadcast or individually addressed) into the
transceiver boards containing a high level description of
the transmit pulse.
2
The host broadcasts a Transmit External command to the
transceiver boards.
3
All boards (master and slaves) toggle their TR-switch
(Transmit/Receive-switch) from receive to transmit
position when receiving the Transmit External command.
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
4
The master board generates a TXENABLE pulse when a
positive edge on the SYNC_IN signal (front panel
connector P4) is detected. The TXENABLE transitions are
aligned with the negative edge of CLK20MHZ. The
duration of this signal is equal to the duration of the
transmitter pulse.
5
All boards (master and slaves) start transmitting on the
first receiver decimation tick (positive edge of decimation
clock) after TXENABLE has gone high. The positive edge
of the decimation clock is aligned with the positive edge
of CLK20MHZ. The decimation clock is not available as
an external signal.
On the board
The P4 connector can be used for accurate transmit
synchronization with external equipment.
The differential output signal goes high (+SYNC_OUT =
+3.3V, -SYNC_OUT = 0V) when the transceiver board starts
transmitting and goes low (+SYNC_OUT = 0V, -SYNC_OUT =
+3.3V) when the transmit pulse finishes.
The two outputs are short circuit protected. Their output
impedance is approximately 30 k. The differential input signal is
used for controlling start of transmission of the transceiver
board. Transmission is delayed until a pulse arrives at this input
when the board operates in external trigger mode, positive edge
of the differential voltage (+SYNC_IN) - (-SYNC_IN).
The maximum voltage range of both inputs is -7 V to +12 V.
The differential input impedance is >12 k.
Fuses
Fuses location - see figure on page 68
Removal
1
Remove the TRX32 circuit board.
Refer to page 55
2
Use a pair of flat nosed pliers, and grab the fuse carefully
on each side. Pull it straight up.
The following fuses are used:
F1/F2 Kongsberg Maritime order no. 251-086584
F3/F4 Kongsberg Maritime order no. 251-097722
Replacement
____________________________________________________________
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Maintenance
Note
The new fuse MUST be the same rating as the old.
DO NOT replace with a larger rated fuse.
____________________________________________________________
3
Push the fuse straight down into its socket.
4
Replace the TRX32 circuit board.
Refer to page 55
TRX32 Transceiver board visual inspection
The TRX32 Transceiver board is provided with several front
mounted LED indicators. Observe the following procedure to
check these.
LED group (A):
Link Check that this LED flashes green. This
means that the communication with the
Ethernet switch is operational
Speed Check that this LED is lit yellow. This
means that the communication speed is
100 Mbit/s
Activity Check that this LED flashes green. This
means that the communication is active
Duplex Check that this LED is lit yellow. This
means that the communication is running
in full duplex mode.
LED group (B):
Check that all LEDs are lit green. This means that the
respective supply voltages are present
The TRX32 Transceiver board is provided with several front
mounted LED indicators. Observe the following procedure to
check these.
If a power indicator LED is switched off on only one
single TRX32 board, this may be caused by a blown fuse
on the board.
If a power indicator LED is switched off on all the TRX32
boards in the rack, you have a common power problem,
and need to check the Power Supply Unit for the relevant
rack.
If one of the communication LEDs (Group A) are
suspicious;
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Check the Ethernet cable between the TRX32 board
and the Ethernet switch.
Then, check the Ethernet switch.
Related topics
TRX32 Transceiver board on page 66
Replacement of the TRX32 Transceiver board on page 55.
TRX32 filter board
The TRX32 filter board is a special made board containing 32
band pass filters and a capacitor battery.
The board is normally used as a front end module for a TRX32
board.
The board is locked in position by two board ejectors.
Function
Signals coming from the transducer are filtered before they are
supplied into the TRX32 board.
The capacitor battery supplies preloaded energy to the
transmitters on a TRX32 board.
In a HiPAP transceiver unit, the TRX32 Filter boards are
mounted on the rear side of the TRX32 boards and the
backplane. One TRX32 Filter board is connected directly
through the backplane to one TRX32 board.
The 32 band pass filters, filters the input signals coming from 32
transducer elements into J3, before the 32 input signals are
supplied out to J2. When the TRX32 board transmits into J2, the
filters will pass the transmitted pulse directly to the transducer
without any filtering out from J3.
The capacitor battery is connected to J1 and is made of 11
capacitors in parallel giving totally 11 X 3900 uF = 42 900 uF.
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Maintenance
Connectors
The TRX32 filter board carries three connectors
as follows:
J1 - connector for capacitor battery
J2
J3
J2 - connector for filtered signals to the
TRX32 board
J3 - connector for the transducer elements
J1
(Cd31091)
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
9
SPARE PARTS
This chapter lists the parts and modules defined by Kongsberg
Maritime as Line Replaceable Units (LRUs). The unit name and
order number are given.
Mounting components (such as nuts, bolts, washers etc.) have
not been allocated order numbers as we regard these items as
standard commercial parts available from retail outlets around
the world.
Topics
Operator station on page 77
Retrofit Transceiver unit on page 78
76
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Spare parts
Operator station
Parts for the Operator station may also be used as spares for the
Transceiver APC1x.
Part no.
Item name
Recommended
spares
-
Technical data
331890
Acoustic Positioning Computer (APC 12)
1
-
-
Power supply unit
-
-
-
Hard disk
1
-
-
DVD-Recorder (ND-3520AA IDE black)
-
-
-
Ethernet PCB
-
-
-
Serial adapter board
1
-
-
Video adapter board
-
-
-
EMC ground cable
-
-
-
Dust filter
-
-
-
Kensington Trackman mouse
-
-
-
Keyboard
-
-
-
Display
-
-
-
1PPS Converter Kit (Option)
-
-
-
305096
303326
719-099083
304737
306143
304738
649-096720
599-217736
354149
719-098786
298-099130
KIT-216149
-
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Retrofit Transceiver unit
HiPAP 501/451/351 system
Part no.
Item name
-
Technical data
303088
304337
304605
318101
382-079671
318101
310181
-
Recommended
spares
PCB TRX32, 501
1
-
-
PCB TRX32 Filter
-
-
-
PCB POWER SUPPLY PSU-48V DC
1
-
-
DS-518 Ethernet switch
1
-
-
PCB POWER SUPPLY PSU-MAIN
1
-
-
DS-518A Ethernet Switch
-
-
-
DR-4524, 45W/2A DIN-Rail 24 VDC
Power Supply
1
-
-
Transducer cable with plug
Use the transducer cable with plug when replacing the
transceiver.
Part no.
305230
78
Item name
TD plug conversion kit
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HiPAP Models and Positioning principles
10 HIPAP MODELS AND POSITIONING
PRINCIPLES
The HiPAP systems are designed to provide accurate positions
of subsea objects such as Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs),
autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), towed bodies or fixed
seabed transponders. To achieve the accuracy, the HiPAP
system uses unique signal processing techniques. This technique
enables narrow transmitter and receiver beams to be generated
in all directions within the lower half of the transducer using
electronic beam control.
The HiPAP 501/451/351 systems are the second generation
HiPAP systems. These models have a new transceiver unit and a
new signal processing algorithms for Cymbal processing.
Cymbal is KM’s new acoustic protocol for positioning and
communication.
All HiPAP systems; HiPAP 501, HiPAP 451 and HiPAP 351
have common software and hardware platforms, and thereby
offer the same kind of additional functionality and options.
The HiPAP 501, HiPAP 451, HiPAP 351 systems are
medium frequency systems operating from 21 kHz to 31 kHz.
Topics
HiPAP 501 System on page 79
HiPAP 451 System on page 80
HiPAP 351 System on page 80
Positioning principles and processing on page 81
(Cd31026)
HiPAP 501 System
The HiPAP 500 transducer has a full spherical body
including 241 transducer elements. This model has close
to full accuracy in the half sphere sector and is the
preferred system where the best possible performance is
required. The HiPAP 501 can also track targets above
the half sphere sector.
The use of very narrow beams provides:
High accuracy
Long range capabilities
Good noise reduction capabilities
Good multipath suppression
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
The HiPAP 500 transducer has a diameter of 392 mm
and will be installed with the 500 mm gate valve.
HiPAP 451 System
The HiPAP 450 transducer is the same unit as the
HiPAP 500 transducer. The system has
Transmitter/Receiver boards for only 46 elements,
similar to the HiPAP 351 system.
The HiPAP 451 system has the same operational and
technical performance as the HiPAP 351 system.
Refer to HiPAP 351 system description on page 80.
The HiPAP 451 uses the same hull units as the HiPAP
501.
Upgrade to HiPAP 501
The HiPAP 451 System can be upgraded to full HiPAP 501
system performance. This is done by:
Insert 6 additional Transmitter/Receiver Boards in the
transceiver unit which is fully prepared for this.
APOS software upgrade.
HiPAP 351 System
(Cd31015)
The HiPAP 350 transducer has a spherical transducer
with a cylindrical body including 46 transducer
elements. This model has good accuracy in the ± 60°
sector and is suited for operations where the major
positioning objects are within this sector.
The use of narrow beams provides:
High accuracy
Long range capabilities
Good noise reduction capabilities
Good multipath suppression
The HiPAP 350 transducer has a diameter of 320 mm
and it will be installed with a 350 mm gate valve.
Installing the system with a 500 mm gate valve, will
enable an easy upgrade to a HiPAP 501 system.
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HiPAP Models and Positioning principles
Positioning principles and processing
The HiPAP system uses two different principles for positioning;
the SSBL and the LBL. These two principles have different
properties that make the system flexible for different
applications.
The SSBL principle is based on range and direction
measurement to one transponder, while the LBL principle is
based on range measurements to minimum three transponders
on the seabed.
The SSBL principle, due to its simple operation, is the
obvious choice if the accuracy is good enough for the
application performed. The LBL principle is the obvious
choice if the SSBL accuracy is not good enough for the
application performed, though it requires a more complex
operation.
Cymbal is a signal processing technique used for all
positioning modes. Cymbal utilizes Direct Sequence Spread
Spectrum (DSSS) signals for positioning and data
communication. DSSS is a wide band signal. The Cymbal
protocol provides new characteristics for both positioning and
data communication.
SSBL positioning
In SSBL, the system calculates a three-dimensional subsea
position of a transponder relative to a vessel-mounted
transducer. The position calculation is based on range and
direction measurements to one transponder. The onboard
transducer transmits an interrogation pulse to a subsea
transponder, which then answers with a reply pulse. When using
a responder the interrogation is replaced by a hard wire trigger
connection.
The onboard system will measure the time from the
interrogation to the reply pulse is detected and use the sound
velocity to compute the range.
The transponder position is presented both numerical and
graphically on the operator station. Only one onboard SSBL
type transducer is necessary to establish this position.
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Using a pressure sensor in the subsea transponder can increase
position and depth accuracy. The pressure is measured and
transmitted to the surface HiPAP system using acoustic
telemetry. The depth is then used in the algorithms for
establishing the 3D position. The system can also read the depth
via a serial line input from a pressure sensor. Simultaneous use
of many transponders is made possible by using individual
interrogation and reply frequencies.
Figure 27 SSBL principle
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LBL positioning
Calibration
The LBL principle is based on one vessel-mounted transducer,
and normally 4 - 6 transponders on the seabed. This seabed
transponder array must be calibrated before LBL positioning
operations can begin. The calibration shall determine the
transponder’s positions in a local geographical co-ordinate
frame.
The HiPAP system supports two calibration techniques:
1. Baseline measurements
This technique uses automatic calibration functions in the
HiPAP system. This allows all the ranges to be measured and
made available by acoustic telemetry communication between
the transponders and the vessel’s system. Based on the baseline
measurements and initial positions of the transponders, the
calibrated transponder positions are computed.
2. Runtime calibration
To use this technique, the system is run in LBL positioning
mode, using the SSBL positions of the seabed transponders for
the vessel LBL position calculation. The runtime calibration
function logs the measurements. Based on this, new optimised
seabed transponder positions will be computed. This technique
makes the baseline measurements redundant. If the baselines
measurements are done, they are also used in the calculations.
The calibration is performed only once prior to positioning
operation, since the transponders will remain in the same
location during the operation.
Positioning
When the transponder positions are known, positioning of the
surface vessel can begin. All the seabed transponders will be
interrogated simultaneously, and each will respond with its
specific reply signal. The LBL system will then calculate the
ranges from the individual transponders. By using the
calibration data together with the calculated ranges in software
algorithms, the vessel or an ROV can be positioned. ROV
positioning requires an HPR 400S transceiver to be mounted on
the ROV.
The system can take the depth from an ROV-mounted
pressure sensor via a serial line. By using this depth in the
computation, it will increase the position accuracy of the
ROV.
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
The range capabilities of a medium frequency LBL system
will be approximately the same as those of an SSBL system.
LBL positioning will give better position accuracy at greater
water depths, but is more complex to operate, and it needs
more transponders than the SSBL.
LBL TP positioning method uses one transponder to
measure the ranges to the transponders in the array and
telemetry the data to the surface vessel, which computes the
position of the transponder.
Figure 28 LBL principle
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HiPAP Models and Positioning principles
Multi-User LBL positioning
Several individual vessels and ROV units can now position
themselves using the same seabed transponder array. The system
and principle has the following main advantages:
Provides high position accuracy
(comparable to standard LBL).
A small number of transponders serve all vessels and ROVs.
Secures high position update rate (down to approx. 2
seconds), which is essential in DP operations.
Avoids transponder frequency collisions when vessels are
working in the same area (all vessels are “listening” only).
A transponder array is deployed and calibrated by use of subsea
baseline measurements. One transponder is used as the Master
in the positioning phase. The other transponders are called the
Slaves.
The Master transponder acts as a beacon. It starts a positioning
sequence by doing the steps described below. This is done
regularly with an interval set by telemetry from one of the
vessels.
The Master interrogates the Slaves.
The Master transmits its individual transponder channel to
be received by the vessels/ROVs positioning in the array.
Each Slave transponder receives the interrogation from the
Master and transmits its individual reply channels after a
turnaround delay.
A MULBL system positioning in the array listens for the
individual channels transmitted by the master beacon, and by the
Slave transponders. When they are received, the system uses its
knowledge about their positions in the TP array to calculate the
differences in range to the transponders in the TP array. The
time difference between the Master interrogation and the start of
the reception of the pulses at the system is unknown. It has to be
calculated together with the position of the vessel or ROV.
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
All vessels to use the MULBL array need the coordinates of the
transponders and the channel numbers, which will be distributed
of a file.
Figure 29 Multi-User LBL positioning
Combined SSBL and LBL positioning
The combined SSBL/LBL system uses an onboard multielement transducer. The system may operate as an SSBL system
and as an LBL system simultaneously.
As an example, the vessel may be positioned relative to the
seabed using LBL while an SSBL transponder/responder on an
ROV is positioned relative to the vessel. The vessel is displayed
relative to the array origin and the ROV relative to the vessel.
The combined system will also use the measured directions in
2D together with the measured ranges in the LBL positioning.
The combined measurement gives a robust system with
increased accuracy. An LBL solution is achievable when only
two transponder replies are detected.
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HiPAP processing
HiPAP SSBL
processing
The HiPAP system determines the position of a subsea
target (transponder or responder) by controlling a narrow
reception beam towards its location. The system uses a
digital beam-former, which takes its input from all the
transducer elements.
The system uses a number of wide fixed beams to generate
an approximate position for the target. Once this is achieved,
it uses data from all the elements on the hemisphere facing
the target to compute the narrow reception beam and
optimise the directional measurement.
The range is measured by noting the time delay between
interrogation and reception. The system will control the
beam dynamically so it is always pointing towards the
target. The target may be moving, and the vessel itself is
affected by pitch, roll and yaw. Data from a roll/pitch sensor
is used to stabilise the beam for roll and pitch, while
directional data from a compass is input to the tracking
algorithm to direct the beam in the correct horizontal
direction.
The HiPAP® transceiver can operate with up to 56
transponders simultaneously. The data is sent to the APC 1x.
HiPAP LBL
processing
This mode is similar to the HiPAP® SSBL processing, but
the transceiver positions up to 8 LBL transponders for each
single LBL interrogation. Both ranges and directions to the
transponders are measured.
HiPAP MULBL
processing
This mode is similar to the HiPAP® LBL processing, but
the transceiver does not interrogate the MULBL transponder
array, it only listen for the replies from the array. The
transceiver can listen for to 8 LBL transponders. The
direction to the transponders and the time difference
between the received replies is transmitted to the APC 1x.
HiPAP Telemetry
processing
The unit transmits acoustic telemetry messages, and receives
and decodes the acoustic telemetry message from the
transponder. The data is sent to the APC 1x.
Cymbal acoustic protocol
Cymbal is the new acoustic protocol used for both positioning of
subsea transponder in SSBL/LBL mode and data
communication to and from transponders.
The technology
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Cymbal utilizes Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)
signals for positioning and data communication. The data
communication speed is variable and can be adapted to the
acoustic communication conditions; noise and multi-path.
DSSS is a wide band signal.
The Cymbal protocol provides new characteristics for both
positioning and data communication.
Range capability and reduced impact from noise
Cymbal protocol can transmit more energy in each positioning
pulse. Compared to the current HiPAP 500 this extra energy will
provide higher position accuracy at low signal to noise ratio. It
will also provide longer range capabilities. This improvement in
energy is 5dB.
Range accuracy
The Cymbal signal gives range accuracy in the order of 0.01m,
error contribution from sound velocity and ray bending not
included.
Directional measurements
In SSBL operation, the accuracy of directional measurement is
the main contributor to the position accuracy. The HiPAP 501
has new and improved algorithms for directional computation
when using Cymbal. At low signal to noise ratio the system will
be more robust.
Number of channels
The Cymbal protocol has increased number of unique codes for
transponder channels compared to the current system. At present
there are 50 unique transponder channels.
Multi-path capability
The Cymbal protocol is designed to have good multi path
properties. The processing technique allows signals to and from
the transponder to overlap and still be able to have a correct
detection.
Position update rate – MultiPing
New function that allows higher position updates rate in SSBL
mode. Details not defined.
Power management – lifetime
The Cymbal protocol has a power management function that can
command the transponder to adjust transmit power to save
batteries. This is done automatically by the system.
Data Link with variable data rate – adaptable
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HiPAP Models and Positioning principles
The Cymbal protocol supports variable data rate and high
reliability level. The obtainable data rate is defined by the signal
to noise level and multi-path conditions. By default the system
uses data rates that will secure long range and high reliable
communication.
Integrated navigation and data link
Data that needs to be sent to and from a transponder will be
interleaved between the positioning signals. The cNODE
transponder can any time send status and data to the HiPAP and
visa versa. If the cNODE transponder detects low battery level,
this can be directly sent to HiPAP and displayed to the operator
cNODE - Modeless transponder
The Cymbal protocol is able to use transponders in SSBL and
LBL mode without changing the mode of the transponder. A
transponder in an LBL array can by the operator be deselected
from the LBL positioning and directly be used in SSBL mode.
No data telemetry is required.
The cNODE transponders can simultaneously listen for a
Cymbal and an HPR400 channel interrogation. With this
function, vessels not having Cymbal protocol can use the same
transponders.
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
11 RESPONDER OPTION
This chapter describes the Responder option for HiPAP systems.
Topics
Basic responder option information on page 90
Responder Driver Unit on page 91
Technical specification on page 92
Installation on page 93
Maintenance on page 94
Spare parts on page 96
Drawings on page 96
Basic responder information
The responder option provides drive signals to responders from
the HiPAP system. For this function a Responder Driver Unit
(RDU) is used. The software is included in the APOS.
The Responder Driver Unit is controlled from the operator
station through the Ethernet connection to the Moxa box in
the Transceiver cabinet, selecting the output to be activated.
A sync signal from the transceiver controls the timing of the
output drive signal.
The Responder Driver Unit has:
4 individual electrical outputs - the electrical outputs
can be connected directly to a Responder.
and
4 individual fibre optic outputs - the fibre-optic outputs
have to be converted to an electrical pulse before
connected to a Responder. We have a special kit for this
purpose.
Kit: part no: 330965 – drawing on page 101
The outputs can be used when you transmit the Responder drive
signals as fibre-optic signals in an umbilical, and convert the
signal to an electrical signal in front of the Responder. This
gives a good insulation of the driver signal from other voltages
in an umbilical.
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Responder option
Responder Driver Unit
The Responder Driver Unit is a stand-alone unit. The unit is
protected against dust and water.
Figure 30 Responder Driver Unit
Inputs to the unit:
Power
Ethernet
Sync signal
Outputs of the unit:
Four electrical responder drive signals
Four fibre optic responder drive signals
POWER
The RDU unit is powered from an 85 - 264 Vac supply. The
power switch is located back at the right side of the unit.
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HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Technical specifications
Responder Driver Unit kit
Part no.:
317925
Includes:
-
RDU unit
Power cable
Patch cable
D-sub connectors
Mounting screws w/nuts (4)
Responder Driver Unit
Weight:
2.8 kg
Degree of protection:
IP 44
Outline dimensions - see drawing on page 97
Power
Power:
230 Vac, 150 mA
Frequency:
40 - 440 Hz
Inrush max:
5 A Ac
Maximum current drawn:
0.4 A
Normal current drawn:
0.06 A
Nominal power consumption:
15 W/VA
Environmental conditions
Operating temperature:
Storage temperature:
Humidity:
0 °C to 55 °C
-30 °C to 70 °C
15% - 95% (non condensing)
Vibration
Range:
Excitation level:
5-100 Hz
5-13.2 Hz ±1.5 mm, 13.2-100 Hz 1 g
Fibre to responder drive converter kit
Part no.:
330965
Drawing on page 101
92
357314/A
Responder option
Installation
Responder Driver Unit
The Responder Driver Unit is a stand-alone unit and can be
mounted with 4 off screws horizontally or vertically.
Unit location
The unit should be located where it is most suitable for
connecting the cables to the responders. This can be close to
Remote Operating Vehicle (ROV) operation room.
There is normally one cable connected to the Responder Driver
Unit for each responder to be operated. The unit must be
installed so it is easy accessible for operators to check the
working condition of the responder trig status diodes.
Logistics
Safety - Refer to the general safety procedures.
Special tools - None.
Drawings - Outline dimensions - see drawing on page 97
Mounting
1
Open the unit.
- Remove the four (4) screws which secure the lid
(one in each corner).
2
Lift off the lid.
- There are four (4) through holes for the mounting
screws inside the unit (one in each corner).
3
The mounting screws w/nuts are a part of the RDU kit
(delivered with the unit).
RDU kit on page 92
357314/A
4
Mount the RDU where suitable.
5
Fasten the four (4) mounting screws.
6
Close the unit.
93
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Maintenance
____________________________________________________________
Note
Before you start, read the general maintenance information on
page 43.
____________________________________________________________
Responder Driver Unit
Under normal conditions, maintenance is not required, apart
from keeping the unit clean. If the unit is not functioning
properly, the unit must be replaced.
The unit is interfaced to the HiPAP system via an Ethernet
connection and hard wired to the HiPAP transceiver unit to get
the sync pulse for correct timing. The APOS controls which
drive is being active while the sync is received from the HiPAP
Transceiver. The unit itself must be switched on prior to use.
Power to the unit is 230 Vac.
A
B
C
D
(Cd31161)
Figure 31 Responder Driver Unit
Connections
____________________________________________________________
Caution
When not mounted/used - keep the protecting caps on
the fibre-optic connectors.
____________________________________________________________
Four electrical outputs (C) and four fibre optical outputs (B) are
available. Totally 8 outputs can be used. There is a green LED
indicator for every responder drive output (A) showing the
activity on the output. There is also a power on LED indicating
power is on (D).
The 4 electrical outputs can separately be connected directly
to separately responders. Output drive signal to responders is
a +24V electrical pulse of 4.5 ms or a fibre-optic pulse.
94
357314/A
Responder option
The 4 optical outputs are normally connected with a fibreoptic cable to 4 separately converters with their own separate
power. One converter for every responder. The fibre-optic
output pulse is 4.5 ms as the electrical pulse.
Fibre to responder drive converter on page 92
The converter power is normally the same power as the
responder is powered from.
The converter converts the optical signal back to an electrical
signal before supplied to a responder.
Converter to be used: 326494 is a part of kit 330965
Fibre optic patch cable that can be used: 719-097260 FC2/2-2M.
Responder Driver Unit replacement, see installation on page 93
Fibre to responder drive converter
D
A
A
B
B
C
C
(Cd31165b)
Figure 32 Illustrating a system using two optic responder converter kit - electrical
connection to the responder is not shown
A: Fibre-optic connector
B: Power supply cable
(Local power cable
is shown here)
C: Electrical connector
D: Fibre-optic patch cables
Kit see page 92
357314/A
95
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Connector type ST
Figure 33 Connector type ST
Spare parts
Responder Driver Unit: 319173
Power 24 Vdc, 25 mA: 336494
Responder Driver Unit, kit: 317925
Fibre to responder drive converter, kit: 330965 - drawing
on page 101
Drawings
Part No.
316067
96
Rev.
A
Description
Responder Driver Unit (option) outline dimensions
Ref.
on page 97
W250A
-
Responder Driver Unit Pinout responder sync.
on page 98
W251A
-
Responder Driver Unit - Electrical drive
signal Responder 1-4 pinout
on page 98
W249B
-
Pinout Responder sync, Responder Driver
Unit for Model Retrofit
on page 99
313697
E
Responder Driver Unit - wiring diagram
on page 100
330965
A
Fibre to responder drive converter wiring diagram
on page 101
357314/A
Responder option
Responder Driver Unit - outline dimension
Note:
All measurements are in mm.
The drawing is not in scale.
357314/A
Cd31148 Page 1 of 1
316067 Rev.A
97
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Responder Driver Unit
Refer to Responder Driver Unit - wiring diagram on page 100
Pinout responder sync.
Responder
9p D-sub
+Sync
1
-Sync
2
RDU
Front wiew
5
1
Male 9-pin
D-sub
connector
6
W250
Rev.A
9
Pinout Responder sync for Responder Drive Unit
Electrical drive signal Responder 1-4 pinout
Responder 1
9p D-sub
Power 1 +24V
1
Drive signal 1
2
Ground
3
Responder 2
Power 2 +24V
9p D-sub
Drive signal 2
6
7
Ground
8
RDU
Front wiew
1
Responder 3
Power 3 +24V
1
Drive signal 1
2
Ground
Responder 4
Power 4 +24V
Drive signal 2
Ground
W251
Rev.A
9p D-sub
5
Male 9-pin
D-sub
connector
6
9
3
9p D-sub
6
7
8
Pinout Responder drive signal 1 to 4 for Responder Drive Unit
Optical drive signal responder 5-8:
Connector: Industry standard ST fibre connector 850 nm,
optical drive signal pulse 5 ms.
Connector on page 96
98
357314/A
Responder option
Responder sync cable,
Retrofit Transceiver unit
Responder
Terminal block
+Sync out
12
-Sync out
13
Ground
14
9p Dsub
1
2
View
5
1
Female 9-pin
D-pin connector
9
W249B
Rev.A
357314/A
6
Responder sync cable for HiPAP Transceiver unit Model x81
99
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Cd31155/313697 Rev.E
Responder Driver Unit - wiring diagram
100
357314/A
Responder option
Fibre to responder drive converter wiring diagram
Fibre-optic patch cable
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
357314/A
101
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
12 EQUIPMENT HANDLING
This chapter describes how to transport, pack and unpack, clean,
preserve and store electronic, electro-mechanical and
mechanical units supplied by Kongsberg Maritime.
The units may be supplied as spare parts, or as parts of a
delivery.
Topics
Transportation on page 102
Storage on page 107
Re-packing on page 109
ESD precautions on page 109
Temperature protection on page 110
Transportation
Unless otherwise stated in the accompanying documentation,
electronic, electro-mechanical and mechanical units supplied by
Kongsberg Maritime can be transported using all methods
approved for delicate equipment; (by road, rail, air or sea). The
units are to be transported in accordance with general or specific
instructions for the appropriate unit(s), using pallets, transport
cases, or carton boxes as appropriate.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Special local restrictions concerning air transportation may be
applied to units containing certain types of batteries. The units
should be checked and the regulations investigated by the
packer/shipper before the unit is dispatched.
____________________________________________________________
Local transportation
All local transportation must be carried out according to the
same specifications as for the initial delivery. In general, all
units must be handled with care. The carton/case containing the
equipment must be kept dry at all times, and must be sheltered
from the weather. It must not be subjected to shocks, excessive
vibration or other rough handling.
The carton /case will normally be marked with text or symbols,
indicating which way it is to be placed. You must follow the
instructions given, and ensure that the carton /case is always
placed with its “top” uppermost.
102
357314/A
Equipment handling
The carton/case must not be used for any purpose for which it
was not intended (step, table, etc.), and in the absence of other
information, no other cartons/cases must be stacked on top of it.
Lifting
A heavy crate will normally be marked with its weight, and the
weights of other cartons or crates will normally be entered on
the packing list.
You must always check the weight of a crate before
attempting to lift it.
You must always use lifting apparatus that is certified for the
load.
Heavy units may be equipped with lifting lugs for transportation
by crane within the workshop or installation area. Before a crane
is used, check:
You must check the applicable weight certificate for the
crane.
You must check the security of the lifting lugs.
Ensure that all available lifting lugs are used. Ensure the unit
remains under control during the operation to avoid damage to
the unit, equipment or personnel.
Heavy units may be transported using a fork-lift truck. Special
attention must then be paid to the position of the unit’s centre of
gravity. The units must be properly secured to the truck.
Storage prior to installation or use
When a system, a unit or a spare part has been delivered to the
customer, it may be subject to long-time storage prior to
installation and use. During this storage period, certain
specifications must be met. The equipment must be preserved
and stored in such a way that it does not constitute any danger to
health, environment or personal injury.
357314/A
1
The equipment must be stored in its original transportation
crate.
2
Ensure that the units are clearly separated in the shelves
and that each unit is easily identifiable.
3
The crate must not be used for any purpose for which it
was not intended (e.g. work platform etc.).
4
The crates must not be placed on top of each other, unless
specific markings permit this.
5
The crates must not be placed directly on a dirt-floor.
103
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
6
Do not open the crate for inspection unless special
circumstances permit so.
- “Special circumstances” may be suspected damage
to the crate and its content, or inspections by civil
authorities.
- If any units are damaged, prepare an inspection
report stating the condition of the unit and actions
taken. Describe the damage and collect photographic
evidence if possible. Re-preserve the equipment.
- If the units are not damaged, check the humidity
absorbing material. If required, dry or replace the
bags, then repack the unit(s) according to the
packing instructions.
7
If the crate has been opened, make sure that is it closed
and sealed after the inspection.
- Use the original packing material as far as possible.
Refer to information on page 109.
Ambient temperature and humidity
1
The storage room/area must be dry, with a noncondensing atmosphere. It must be free from corrosive
agents.
2
The storage area’s mean temperature must not be lower
than -30° C, and not warmer than +70 °C.
- If other limitations apply, the crates will be marked
accordingly.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Transducers must not be stored in temperatures below -30 °C,
or higher than +55 °C.
____________________________________________________________
3
The crate must not be exposed to moisture from fluid
leakages.
4
The crate must not be exposed to direct sunlight or
excessive warmth from heaters.
Shock and vibration
1
The crate must not be subjected to excessive shock and
vibration.
ESD precautions
Refer to the information on page 109.
104
357314/A
Equipment handling
Batteries
If the unit contains normal batteries, these may have been
disconnected/isolated before the unit was packed. These must
only be reconnected before the installation starts. Units
containing batteries are marked.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Units containing lithium or alkaline batteries must be
handled separately and with care. Such units are
marked accordingly. Do not attempt to recharge such
batteries, open them or dispose of them by
incineration. Refer to the applicable product data
sheets.
____________________________________________________________
Inspection
An inspection must be carried out immediately after the unit(s)
has arrived at their destination.
Check all wooden or cardboard boxes, plastic bags and
pallets for physical damage. Look for signs of dropping,
immersion in water or other mishandling.
If damage is detected externally, you will have to open the
packaging to check the contents.
Request a representative of the carrier to be present while
the carton is opened, so any transportation damage can be
identified.
If any units are damaged, prepare an inspection report stating
the condition of the unit and actions taken. Describe the
damage and collect photographic evidence if possible. Send
the inspection report to Kongsberg Maritime as soon as
possible.
If the units are not damaged, check the humidity absorbing
material. If required, dry or replace the bags, then repack the
unit(s) according to the packing instructions.
Unpacking
Normal precautions for the handling, transportation and storage
of fragile electronic equipment must be undertaken.
357314/A
105
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
____________________________________________________________
Note
If the unit is not to be prepared for immediate use, you may
consider storing it unopened in its original packing material.
However, it may be useful to open the case to check its contents
for damage and retrieve any accompanying documentation.
____________________________________________________________
Check the carton before opening it to ensure it shows no
signs of dropping, immersion in water or other mishandling.
If the carton shows signs of such damage, refer to the
paragraph covering Inspection on receipt.
Place the carton on a stable work bench or on the floor with
the top of the carton uppermost.
In the absence of other instructions, always open the top of
the carton first. The contents will normally have been
lowered into the carton from above, so this will usually be the
easiest route to follow.
Care must be used when opening the carton to ensure the
contents are not damaged.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Do not use a knife to open cardboard cartons - the
contents may lie close to the surface, and may be
damaged by the blade.
____________________________________________________________
If the carton has been closed using staples, remove the staples
from the carton as you open it. This will reduce the
possibilities of scratch injury to yourself and damage to the
contents.
If a wooden crate has been closed using screws, always
remove them using a screw-driver. Do not attempt to prise
the lid off with a crow-bar or similar.
Once the carton is open, carefully remove all loose packaging
and insulation material. Check for manuals and other
documents that may have been added to the carton during
packing, and put these to one side. Check also for special
tools, door keys etc.
106
357314/A
Equipment handling
Electronic and electro-mechanical units
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Beware of the dangers of Electro-Static Discharge
(ESD) both to yourself and to the equipment, when
handling electronic units and components. Refer to the
ESD precautions starting on page 109.
____________________________________________________________
Electronic and electro-mechanical units will normally be
wrapped in a clear plastic bag. Lift the unit, in its bag, out of the
carton and place it in a stable position on the floor/work bench.
Inspect the unit for damage before opening the plastic bag.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Cables must never be used as carrying handles or lifting points.
Note
Do not break the seal to open a circuit board package before the
board is to be used. If the board package is returned to the
manufacturers with the seal broken, the contents will be
assumed to have been used and the customer will be billed
accordingly.
____________________________________________________________
Assuming all is well, open the bag and remove the unit.
Open the unit and check inside. Remove any packing and
desiccant material that may be inside.
Mechanical units
Mechanical units may be heavy. Using a suitably certified lifting
apparatus, lift the unit out of the crate and place it in a stable
position on the floor/work bench.
Inspect the unit for damage and remove any packing material
that may be inside the unit.
Re-packing
If the unit is not to be installed immediately, re-pack it in its
original packing material to prevent damage in the intervening
period.
Refer to the information on page 109.
Storage after unpacking
The unit must whenever possible be stored in its original
transportation crate until ready for installation. The crate must
not be used for any purpose for which it was not intended (e.g.
work platform etc.).
357314/A
107
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Once unpacked, the equipment must be kept in a dry, non
condensing atmosphere, free from corrosive agents and isolated
from sources of vibration.
____________________________________________________________
Note
Do not break the seal to open a circuit board package before the
board is to be used. If the board package is returned to the
manufacturers with the seal broken, the contents will be
assumed to have been used and the customer will be billed
accordingly.
____________________________________________________________
The unit must be installed in its intended operating position as
soon as possible after unpacking.
If the unit contains normal batteries, these may have been
disconnected/isolated before the unit was packed. These must
then be reconnected during the installation procedure. Units
containing batteries are marked.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
Units containing lithium or alkaline batteries must be
handled separately and with care. Such units are
marked accordingly. Do not attempt to recharge such
batteries, open them or dispose of them by
incineration. Refer to the applicable product data
sheets.
____________________________________________________________
After use storage
If a unit is removed from its operating location and placed into
storage, it must be properly cleaned and prepared before
packing.
Cleaning cabinets
If a cabinet has been exposed to salt atmosphere while it was in
use, it must be thoroughly cleaned both internally and externally
to prevent corrosion.
Wipe the cabinet externally using a damp cloth and a little
detergent. Do not use excessive amounts of water as the unit
may not be water tight. On completion, dry the unit
thoroughly.
All surfaces must be inspected for signs of corrosion such as
flaking/bubbling paint, stains etc. Damaged or suspect areas
must be cleaned, prepared and preserved using the correct
preservation mediums for the unit. The mediums to be used
will usually be defined in the units’ maintenance manual.
108
357314/A
Equipment handling
Open the unit, and using a vacuum cleaner, remove all dust
etc. from the unit. Great care must be taken to ensure the
circuit boards and modules are not damaged in the process.
Cables
Wipe clean all exposed cables, and check for damage. If a cable
shows signs of wear or ageing, contact Kongsberg Maritime for
advice.
Dehumidifier
Place a suitably sized bag of desiccant material (silica gel or
similar) into the unit to keep the electronic components as dry as
possible.
Coatings
Spray the unit externally with a corrosion inhibitor (e.g. a light
oil) before packing.
Re-packing
The unit should be stored and transported in its original packing
material and/or crate. In the event that this material is not
available, proceed as follows:
Small units must be protected from damp by being placed
within a plastic bag at least 0.15 mm thick. An appropriate
quantity of desiccant material should be placed inside this
bag, and the bag sealed. The sealed unit must then be placed
in an appropriate carton or crate, and supported in the
container by appropriate shock-absorbing insulation
(polystyrene foam chips etc.).
Large units must be placed in a suitable cardboard box or
wooden crate. The unit must be protected against physical
damage by means of shock-absorbing insulation mats. The
box must be clearly marked with its contents, and must be
stored in a dry and dust-free area.
ESD precautions
What is ESD?
Electro-Static Discharge (ESD) is the transfer of an electrostatic
charge between two bodies at different electrostatic potentials,
caused either by direct contact or induction by an electrostatic
field.
357314/A
109
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
The passing of a charge through an electronic device can cause
localised overheating, and it can also “puncture” insulating
layers within the structure of the device. This may deposit a
conductive residue of the vaporised metal on the device, and
thus create a short circuit. This may result in a catastrophic
failure, or degraded performance of the device.
ESD Protection during transport and storage
Sensitive electronic equipment must be transported and stored in
protective packing bags, boxes and cabinets. The circuit boards
must not be transported or stored close to strong electrostatic,
electro-magnetic or radioactive fields.
If it is necessary to open and touch the circuit board inside the
protective bag, then the following precautions must be taken:
The working area must be covered by an approved
conductive service mat that has a resistance of between
50 kW and 2 MW, and is connected directly to a reliable
earth point via its earthling cord
The service personnel involved must wear a wrist-band in
direct contact with the skin, connected to the service mat.
Printed circuit boards and other components should be placed
on the conductive service mat during installation,
maintenance etc.
____________________________________________________________
Caution
If, for any reason, it is necessary to move the circuit
board or components from the conductive service mat,
they must be placed in an approved anti-static
transportation container (e.g. static shielding bag)
before transportation.
____________________________________________________________
During installation and servicing, all electrical equipment
(soldering irons, test equipment etc.) must be grounded.
Temperature protection
If the unit must be protected against extremes of temperature,
the carton/crate must be lined on all walls, base and lid with 5
cm thick polyurethane or polystyrene foam.
These units will be identified as delicate in the applicable
documentation.
The package must then be clearly marked:
____________________________________________________________
Caution
110
Must not be transported or stored in temperatures
below -5 degrees Celsius.
357314/A
Equipment handling
____________________________________________________________
Other units can normally be stored in temperatures
between -30 °C and +70 °C, refer to the system’s technical
specifications for details.
Transducers must not be stored in temperatures below -20 °C
and above +60 °C.
357314/A
111
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
13 DRAWING FILE
This chapter holds illustrations referred to in this manual. The
illustrations are based on the original system drawings and
wiring diagrams.
Unless otherwise noted, all measurements are in millimetres.
The illustrations are not in scale.
The original drawings are available in electronic format
upon request.
Drawings
Drawing No.
Rev.
Description
Ref.
210400
B
APC 1x
on page 113
348179
A
HiPAP 501 Retrofit
on page 114
348183
C
Rack Mounting Installation
on page 115
349960
B
Moxa Switch
on page 116
352490
E
DIN-rail Assembly
on page 117
352570
D
System wiring diagram
on page 118 and 119
352345
C
TD Plug conversion kit
on page 120
353628
A
Responder Sync cable
on page 121
APC 1x RS-232 / RS-422
serial line cable
on page 122
N/A
112
N/A
357314/A
Index
APC 1x - outline dimensions
APC 11
Note:
All measurements are in mm.
The drawing is not in scale.
357314/A
113
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
HiPAP 501 Retrofit
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
114
Cd31230 Page 1
348179 Rev. A
357314/A
Index
Rack Mounting Installation
1. Mounting bracket
2. Support bracket
3. Desktop screw
4. Washer
5. Nut
6. Spring washer
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
357314/A
Cd31231 Page 1
348183 Rev. C
115
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Moxa Switch
1. Ethernet switch
3. Mounting bracket
4. Washer
5. Spring washer
6. Screw
7. Spacer
8. Spring washer
9. Washer
10. Spring washer
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
116
Cd31232 Page 1
349960 Rev. B
357314/A
Index
DIN-rail assembly
1. Connector plate
2. Module
3. Ethernet extender
4. Power supply
5. Power socket
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
357314/A
6. Automatic fuse
7. Clamp
8. Clamp w/earth
9. Grommet
10. Mounting rail
11. Washer
12. Spring washer
13. Washer
Cd31234 Page 1
352490 Rev. E
117
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
System wiring diagram - Page 1
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
118
Cd31235 Page 1 of 2
352570 Rev. D
357314/A
Index
System wiring diagram - Page 2
20. Sleeve
21. Sleeve
22. Sleeve
23. Spring washer
24. Power cable
30. Wire
31. Wire
32. Teflon wire
33. Wire
34. Wire
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
357314/A
Cd31235 Page 2 of 2
352570 Rev. D
119
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
TD Plug conversion kit
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
120
Cd31247 Page 1
352345 Rev. D
357314/A
Index
Responder Sync Cable
1. Housing
2. Cable socket
3. Wire BL
4. Wire YE
5. Wire GN
6. Wire R
7. Wire BK
8. Ferrule
9. Spiral band
Note:
The drawing is not in scale.
357314/A
Cd31236 Page 1
353628 Rev. A
121
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
APC 1x RS-232 / RS-422 serial line cable
This cable comprises a multi-purpose serial line. It provides
interface with any peripheral unit. One end of the serial line
cable connects to the APC 1x with a 9-pin ’D’ connector.
The serial line cable is a split cable, with eight cables, one for
each of the com port connectors. The com port connectors are
labelled.
(Cd31088)
Figure 34 Serial lines cable
PORT 1, PORT 2, PORT 3 and PORT 4 are RS-232
PORT 5, PORT 6, PORT 7 and PORT 8 are RS-422
The other end (eight connectors) connects to the peripheral
(DCE) as described in the peripheral unit’s documentation.
122
357314/A
Index
9-pin
‘D’ connector
To be connected as described
in applicable documentation
5
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Screen
To plug
housing
Female 9-pin
D-pin connector
9
1
6
5
Male 9-pin
D-pin connector
View
6
9
W127
Rev. B
Standard RS-232 or RS-422/-485 serial line
The pins are allocated as follows:
Pin no. Signal RS-232
Signal RS-422
Pin no. Signal RS-232
Signal RS-422
1
Carrier detect
Reception data +
2
Receive data
Transmission data +
3
Transmit data
Transmission data -
4
Data terminal ready
Reception data -
5
GND
GND
6
Data set ready
7
Ready to send
8
Clear to send
9
Ring indicator
Conductors: 6 x 2 x 0.5 mm2
Screen: Screened twisted pairs and overall braided
Voltage: 60V
Max. diameter: Set by plugs
357314/A
123
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
14 INDEX
____________________________________________________________
BOP, 1
1
C
1PPS converter, 7, 36, 43, 51
A
Abbreviations, 1
Ambient humidity, 104
Ambient temperature, 104
APC, 1
APC 1x, 7, 12, 34, 46
BlueStorm/PCI serial adapter board, 63
Connections, 34
Dust filter, 48
DVD Recorder unit, 46
Ethernet board, 46, 63, 64
Mains power input, 34
Motherboard connectors, 34
PCB connectors, 34
Power supply, 12, 46, 63
Replacing circuit boards, 50
Replacing the DVD unit, 49
Replacing the hard disk, 48
Replacing the power supply, 49
Serial adapter, 63
Serial line adapter board, 46
Serial lines, 122
Video adapter board, 46, 63
APC 1x circuit boards, 63
APC 1x computer, 45
APC 1x connections for Dual N, 35
APC 1x Dual Net connection, 35
APC 1x power unit, 63
APC 1x RS-232 / RS-422 Serial line, 122
APOS, 1
APOS Instruction Manual, 8
APOS Main window, 25
APOS Online Help, 26
ATI Radeon Video adapter board, 64
Connectors, 65
LEDs, 64
Links, 65
Switches, 64
Cable gland assembly procedure, 28
Cable glands, 28
Cable information, 40
Cable planning, 33
Cable trays, 30
Cable Y2, 38
Cables, 28
Connections, 32
Identification, 33
Terminations, 33
Calibrations, 44
Circuit boards, 43, 62
cNODE - Modeless transponder, 89
Combined SSBL and LBL positioning, 86
Configuration, 3
Connector type ST, 96
Conversion table for Transceiver connections, 27
Converter, 43
Cymbal acoustic protocol, 87
D
Display, 7, 9
DP, 1
Dust filter, 48
DVD recorder, 8
DVI, 1
E
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD), 109
Equipment handling, 102
Error detection, 44
ESD precautions, 102, 109
Ethernet board, 64
Connectors, 64
LEDs, 64
Links, 64
Switches, 64
Ethernet switch, 43, 66
B
Backup, 2
Basic cable requirements, 30
Batteries, 105
Before you start, 43
BlueStorm/PCI serial adapter board, 63
BlueStorm/PCI installation for Windows XP, 63
Connectors, 64
Links, 64
Switches, 64
124
F
Fan unit, 66
Fibre to responder drive converter -, 101
Functional tests, 44
Fuses, 62
G
GNSS, 1
357314/A
Index
GPS, 1
GPS input signals connections, 36
Grounding, 32
L
H
Hard disk, 46
HiPAP, 1
HiPAP 350, 16
HiPAP 500, 16
HiPAP 500/450/350 Retrofit operation, 41
HiPAP processing, 87
HiPAP system principles, 3
How to close the APC 1x unit, 47
How to exit/stop the APOS system, 26
How to open the APC 1x unit, 47
How to perform basic APOS operations, 25
How to set APOS user levels, 25
How to switch off on the APC 1x using the standby
switch, 23
How to switch off the power supply on the APC 1x
computer, 24
How to switch on the APC 1x using the standby
switch, 23
How to switch on the power supply on the APC 1x
computer, 22
HPR, 1
I
Illustrations
1PPS converter, 10
1PPS converter connections, 36
A system using two fibre to responder drive
converter kit, 95
APC 12 rear panel, 34
APC 1x - internal layout, 46
APC 1x Dual Net connectionr, 35
APC 1x unit, 7
APC 1x unit - filter location, 48
Connector type ST, 96
Keyboard, 9
Location of the five power supply retaining
screws, 50
PCB clamp nuts, 51
Responder Driver Unit, 91
Retrofit Transceiver unit, PCB rack, 54
Serial lines cable, 122
Trackball, 9
Transmit synchronization with external triggering,
71
TRX32 Transceiver board, 56
Ttransducer cable inside the cabinet, 40
Installation requirements, 28
Integrated operation with KM’s Dynamic Positioning
(SDP) system, 41
K
Keyboard, 7, 9, 43, 51
357314/A
LBL, 1
LBL accuracy, 19
LBL positioning, 83
Line Replaceable Units, 42, 53
LRU, 1, 42, 53
M
Maintenance, 42, 94
Safety, 43
Maintenance chart, 45
Maintenance philosophy, 44
MULBL, 1
Multi-User LBL positioning, 85
N
NET A, 35
NET B, 35
O
Operation, 41
Operation of the HiPAP system, 8
Optic isolated responder, 95
Original packing crate, 103
P
PCB, 1
PCB rack, 54
Physical protection, 31
Power on/off procedures, 22
Preventive maintenance, 45
Protection, 110
R
Radio Frequency interference, 31
Range capabilities, 20
Replacement of APC 1x unit parts, 47
Replacement of Model x81 parts
Fuses, 55
Replacement of Retrofit Transceiver unit parts
How to open/close the door, 55
PCB rack, 57
Replacements, 44
Replacing APC filters, 48
Replacing circuit boards, 50
Responder Driver Unit, 93, 94, 98
Responder Driver Unit - outline dimension, 97
Responder Driver Unit - wiring diagram, 100
Responder option, 3, 90
Responder sync cable, 99
Retrofit Transceiver, 52
Retrofit transceiver internal cabling, 38
Retrofit transceiver power cable, 38
Retrofit transceiver unit, 38
125
HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Retrofit Transceiver unit, 43
Retrofit Transceiver unit - internal layout, 53
Retrofit Transceiver unit Replacement parts, 54
ROV, 1
RTB, 2
S
Securing and terminating the cables, 30
Shock and vibration, 104
Simulations, 44
Software upgrade, 2, 11
Spare parts, 76, 96
Fibre to responder drive converter kit, 96
Responder Driver Unit kit, 96
Stationary operator station, 76
TD plug conversion kit, 78
Specification
Responder Driver Unit kit, 92
Specification
APC 1x, 12
Display, 13
Keyboard, 13
Retrofit Transceiver unit, 14
Trackball, 13
Specification
Responder Driver Unit, 92
SSBL, 2
SSLBL, 2
Storage, 102
Synchronization, 71
System units, 3, 7
System upgrade, 11
Transceiver Unit
Power supply, 66
Transceiver unit Model x81 - wiring diagram, 38
Transducer
Reference point, 16
Transmit, 71
Transmit cycle, 71
Transmit External command, 71
Transmit synchronization with external equipment,
71
Transmitter/Receiver boards, 53
Transmitter/Receiver filter board, 53
Transportation, 102
TRX32, 53, 57, 66
TRX32 board, 56, 66, 73
Connectors, 71
Fuses, 72
LEDs, 68
Links, 70
Switches, 70
TRX32 boards, 11, 53
TRX32 filter board, 66, 74
TRX32 Filter boards, 53
TRX32 Transceiver board, 66
TRX32 Transceiver board visual inspection, 73
U
USB memory stick, 8
Using the trackball, 24
V
Verification, 45
T
Technical specifications, 12, 92
Temperature protection, 102, 110
Trackball, I, 7, 9, 43, 51
Traditional troubleshooting, 44
126
W
Wiring diagram for Retrofit Transceiver unit, 27
357314/A
Kongsberg HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Instruction manual
Kongsberg HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Instruction manual
Kongsberg HiPAP® 500/450/350 Retrofit
Instruction manual
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