Coffee Roaster
One Pound (CR1) Pre-2014
User’s Manual
Model 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400
Coffee Kinetics, LLC.
www.sonofresco.com
Patent Pending
This Manual Must Be Retained For Future Reference
1
4046058-L
WARNING
IF YOU SMELL GAS, TURN OFF THE MANUAL SHUT-OFF VALVE FROM THE PROPANE (LP) OR NATURAL GAS (NG) SUPPLY. DISCONNECT THE ELECTRICAL POWER TO THE APPLIANCE. CALL YOUR LOCAL GAS SERVICE COMPANY TO CHECK
THE GAS CONNECTION TO YOUR APPLIANCE.
This WARNING is to be posted in a prominent location close to the appliance.
FOR YOUR SAFETY
DO NOT STORE OR USE GASOLINE OR OTHER FLAMMABLE VAPORS OR LIQUIDS
IN THE VICINITY OF THIS OR ANY OTHER APPLIANCE.
WARNING
ELECTRICAL GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
THIS APPLIANCE IS EQUIPPED WITH A THREE-PRONG (GROUNDING) PLUG FOR
YOUR PROTECTION AGAINST SHOCK HAZARD AND SHOULD BE PLUGGED DIRECTLY INTO A PROPERLY GROUNDED THREE-PRONG RECEPTACLE. DO NOT
CUT OR REMOVE THE GROUNDING PRONG FROM THIS PLUG. ELECTRICAL
GROUNDING MUST BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LOCAL CODES OR IN THE ABSENCE OF LOCAL CODES WITH THE NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE, ANSI/NFPA 70
WARNING
KEEP THE AREA AROUND THE APPLIANCE FREE AND CLEAR FROM COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS. MINIMUM CLEARANCE TO ADJACENT COMBUSTIBLES
SHALL BE 3 INCHES FROM THE SIDE AND BACK OF THE APPLIANCE.
WARNING
THIS APPLIANCE REQUIRES SUFFICENT AIR FOR COMBUSTION, ROASTING AND
VENTILATION. DO NOT OBSTRUCT THE FLOW OF AIR TO THE BACK VENTILATION PANEL.
2
4046058-L
AVERTISSEMENT
UNE INSTALLATION, UN AJUSTEMENT, UNE ALTERATION, UN SERVICE OU UNENTRETIEN NON
CONFORME AUX NORMES PEUT CAUSER DES DOMMAGES A LA PROPRIETE DES BLESSURES OU
LA MORT. LIREZ ATTENTIVEMENT LES DIRECTIVES D’INSTALLATION OU L’ENTRETIEN DE CET
EQUIPEMENT.
AVERTISSEMENT
DIRECTIVES POUR LA PRISE DE COURANT ELCTRIQUE
CET APPREIL EST MUNI D’UNE FICHE A TROIS BRANCHES (PRISE DE COURANT) AFIN DE VOUS
PROTEGER DES CHOCS ET DOIT ETRE BRANCHE; DIRECTEMENT DANS UN RECEPTACLE ADEQUAT DE PRISE DE COURANT A TROIS BRANCHES. IL NE FAUT PAS COUPER OU ENLEVER UNE
BRANCHE DE CETTE FICHE.
ANSI Z83.11 (1996) CGA 1.8 (M96) MANAGER SERVICE EQUIPE
DESTINE; A UN USAGE AUTRE QUE DOMESTIQUE
3
4046058-L
INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION OF THIS APPLIANCE MUST CONFORM TO LOCAL CODES. IN THE ABSENCE OF LOCAL APPLICABLE CODES IT MUST COMPLY WITH THE NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE, ANSI Z223.1, NATIONAL GAS INSTALLATION CODE, CAN/CGA-B149.1, OR THE PROPANE INSTALLATION CODE, CA/
CGA-B149.2, AS APPLICABLE, INCLUDING:
·
THE APPLIANCE MUST BE ISOLATED FROM THE GAS SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH ITS INDIVIDUAL
MANUAL SHUT-OFF VALVE.
·
THE APPLIANCE AND ITS INDIVIDUAL SHUT-OFF VALVE MUST BE DISCONNECTED FROM
THE GAS SUPPLY SYSTEM DURING ANY PRESSURE TESTING OF THAT SYSTEM AT TEST
PRESSURES IN EXCESS OF 0.5 PSI. (3.45 kPa).
·
THE APPLIANCE MUST BE ISOLATED FROM THE GAS SUPPLY BY CLOSING ITS INDIVIDUAL
MANUAL SHUT-OFF VALVE DURING ANY PRESSURE TESTING OF THE GAS SUPPLY PIPING
SYSTEM AT TEST PRESSURES EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN 0.5 PSI (3.45 kPa).
OPERATION
SOME UNUSUAL CONDITIONS, SUCH AS NOT CLEANING THE CHAFF COLLECTOR AFTER EACH
ROAST, DRASTICALLY OVERFILLING THE ROAST CHAMBER, OR BLOCKING THE ROASTER
VENT, CAN CAUSE A FIRE IN THE ROASTING CHAMBER. DO NOT LEAVE THE ROASTER TO
RUN UNATTENDED. IN THE EVENT OF A FIRE, TURN OFF THE GAS SUPPLY AND ELECTRIC
POWER AND ALLOW THE ROASTER TO COOL COMPLETELY BEFORE TOUCHING IT.
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRICAL SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE YOUR ROASTER TO
RAIN OR MOISTURE.
DO NOT REMOVE THE HOUSING COVER FROM THE ROASTER. THERE ARE NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
THIS IS A GAS FIRED APPLIANCE AND MUST NOT BE VENTED INTO A CLOSED SPACE. REFER
TO THE INSTALLATION PORTION OF THIS MANUAL FOR PROPER VENTING.
THE GLASS ROASTING CHAMBER AND THE METAL ABOVE THE ROASTING CHAMBER CAN
CAUSE BURNS IF TOUCHED DURING THE ROASTING CYCLE.
ROASTERS IDENTIFIED FOR USE WITH NATURAL GAS MUST NOT BE RUN ON PROPANE (LP).
DOING SO WOULD POSE A SERIOUS POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD. BE SURE THAT YOU DO NOT
USE A GAS OTHER THAN THE ONE SPECIFIED ON THE NAMEPLATE OF YOUR ROASTER.
4
4046058-L
ROASTER MANUAL
Roasting with the truly fresh roaster from sonofresco allows you to offer a high quality product and display
a truly unique feature to your customers. The sonofresco roaster is an automatic hot air roaster designed to
evenly heat coffee beans in a roasting chamber, monitor the roasting process, roast to a desired “roast level”,
and cool the roasted coffee beans all in a seventeen to twenty minute cycle, depending on the degree of
darkness of the roasted coffee. Although the roaster is automatic, there are procedures involved for proper
operation and maintenance. Every user must learn how to correctly operate and maintain the coffee roaster
to ensure consistent roasting results.
The information in this manual will prepare you to operate and maintain the coffee roaster and is covered in
the following sections:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
1.
Introduction
6
2.
Installation and Accessories
7
3.
Green Coffee
9
4.
Things to Remember
9
5.
Filling The Roaster and Component Assembly
11
6.
Setting the Roast Level and Starting the Roaster
13
7.
The Roasting Process
14
8.
Handling Roasted Coffee
14
9.
Preparing for the Next Roast
15
10.
Detailed Chaff Screen Cleaning
17
11.
Roast Chamber
18
12.
Daily Maintenance
19
13.
Error Codes and Troubleshooting
22
14.
Troubleshooting
23
15.
If you need help
23
16.
Replacement Parts
23
17.
Hints and Tips
24
18.
Warranty Information
26
19.
Return Policy
27
20.
Specifications
28
5
4046058-L
1.
Introduction
Welcome to the world of truly fresh coffee. With your truly fresh coffee roaster, wonderful freshly roasted
coffee will soon be a regular part of your life. As a commercial machine, our roaster will dramatically
demonstrate your commitment to freshness and quality and your customers will taste the freshest coffee
they have ever had.
We are excited about bringing the producers and consumers of the roasted coffee closer together, and
restoring the idea of coffee as a locally roasted, and impeccably fresh product.
Depending on the degree of darkness of the roasted coffee and the type of green coffee bean, it should take
between seventeen and twenty minutes to produce a roasted and cooled pound of coffee. In a ten hour day,
you can easily roast twenty or twenty-five pounds of high quality coffee with just one of our machines.
(Allow the coffee to sit for 48 to 72 hours before grinding and brewing, to allow the flavor to develop.)
We have written this manual to make learning about our machine a pleasant process. Our company is
dedicated to helping you with all the supplies and information you may need.
Three important points to keep in mind:
1. Roasted coffee loses its freshly roasted flavor in about a week, so it is very important to keep
track of the age of your roasted coffee. If you are going to sell whole bean coffee, put the “date
roasted” right on the bag! Sell it or brew it within a few days of roasting, and the flavor will be
genuinely memorable.
2. Always use top quality coffee. You will get better roast consistency, produce less smoke, and get
much better flavor out of clean, well-graded, specialty coffees. The difference in price between
top quality specialty green coffee and lower quality coffee is definitely not worth the
disappointment.
3. Great fresh coffee can be ruined by poor grinding and brewing. Our representatives will be glad
to help if you have questions about your brewing equipment or practices.
Happy roasting to you from us ... sonofresco!
The Truly Fresh Team
sonofresco
6
4046058-L
2.
Installation and Accessories
Before installing the coffee roaster, unpack the appliance and review the parts list supplied in the accessory
kit. If anything is missing please contact us immediately. Read and understand this installation and operation
manual.
Locations For your Roaster - Basic Requirements We believe the roaster will prove most valuable to your
business if its located where your customers can see it in operation. You may or may not be able to do that, but
there are a few essential requirements for the installation of the roaster.
A. The roaster is not water resistant and should be protected from moisture and wind.
B. The roaster must be installed not less than three inches from combustibles. The back panel must be
free of obstructions to allow for adequate air flow
C. The roaster must be vented to the outside if installed indoors. See the section on venting options.
D. It must be reasonably level to operate properly.
E. If you are at an altitude at or above 4500’ please let us know. Some adjustments may be needed to
allow the roaster to operate properly at altitudes above 4500’.
Fuel Supply:
The gas supply should be installed, adjusted, and tested by a qualified gas installer.
Propane (L.P.): The LP connection on the back of the roaster is a standard 3/8 inch male flare fitting. (It is
not necessary to use pipe sealant or tape on the flare fitting threads; doing so may cause a leak.) The
roaster is supplied with a hose and regulator assembly for connection to a standard propane bottle with a manual shut-off valve. If you are using a propane roaster indoors, you must comply with any local codes for installing, plumbing, and venting a propane appliance. DO NOT INSTALL THE PROPANE BOTTLE INDOORS; IT MUST BE INSTALLED OUTSIDE ACCORDING TO LOCAL CODES. The propane supply pressure to the roaster must be adjusted to a minimum of 11 inches water column for the roaster to work
properly. A manual gas shut-off valve must be installed at the roaster.
Natural Gas (N.G.): The natural gas roaster is supplied with a ½ inch male NPT fitting for connection to a
natural gas supply. Installation and connection to a natural gas line must comply with any local codes. The
natural gas supply pressure should be adjusted to a minimum of 7 inches water column flowing or operating
pressure for the roaster to work properly. A manual gas shut-off valve must be installed at the roaster.
Electric Power: The roaster must be plugged into a properly wired, grounded, three prong outlet. The roaster
only draws 3 amps at 120 volts ac and will not need a dedicated circuit (Note: In some commercial applications a dedicated circuit may be needed if large or multiple commercial appliances are on the same circuit.
These types appliances may cause electrical noise that can cause problems with the electronic control.) Any
electrical work should be done by a qualified electrician. Do not run a 120 volt 60hz appliance on 240 volts
50hz and vice versa.
7
4046058-L
Venting: The roaster must be vented to the outside when used indoors to prevent the accumulation of
emissions. Venting options include placing the roaster under an existing exhaust hood such as in a commercial
kitchen, venting directly into a 4 inch steel vent pipe, or our vent hood. We recommend the dedicated vent hood
shown in Figure 1. The vent hood will allow the roaster to be vented greater distances and will eliminate the
possibility of back pressure and wind affecting the roaster caused by direct venting.
VENT HOOD
A vent hood, shown in Figure 1, can be ordered from sonofresco and provides many advantages. First, since it is
a powered vent, the exhaust can be vented at greater distances without the risk of back-pressure into the roaster.
Second, the exhaust can be tied into existing ducting without back-pressure issues, and third, strong wind pressure against the outside vent will not pose a problem to the roaster. The basic hood installation is shown in Figure 1. Please contact sonofresco for more details on venting the coffee roaster with a vent hood.
VENT KIT
A vent kit, shown in Figure 2, can be ordered from sonofresco.
Figure 2
Figure 1
8
4046058-L
3. Green Coffee
It is important to know that not all green coffees are equal. While most green coffees will roast
well in our machine, some poorly processed coffees will not. sonofresco maintains a good variety of excellent specialty green coffees that have been tested for suitability for our roaster.
The roaster is designed to roast normally processed (washed or dry-process) coffees, which produce a certain amount of chaff towards the end of the roasting cycle. Decaffeinated coffees,
which have no chaff, should roast fine in the roaster. If you are having problems roasting decaffeinated coffees, contact us and we will help guide you in the right direction.
4. Things To Remember
The coffee roaster has been designed to be simple to operate. But before you start you must understand some basic principles of operation.

Do not use the power button to stop a roast. If a roast appears to be going too dark, just
turn off the “Gas” switch, located on the control board, and the roaster will begin its normal cooling cycle. Turning off the “power” switch will prevent the beans from cooling,
and they will begin to smolder and generate smoke. Always allow the roasted beans to
cool before removing them from the roaster.

Always use the measuring can supplied with the roaster. Fill the can with green beans
level to the top of the can. This is approximately 1.4 pounds of green coffee and will yield
approximately 1.2 pounds of coffee roasted on a # 5 setting. Do not overfill the can, under fill the can, or use a can other than the one supplied with the roaster. Doing so
will cause inconsistent results and loss of coffee. If the can is lost, please contact us for
a replacement.

Keep the roaster clean. Refer to the Roaster Maintenance section for proper cleaning
procedures. It is important to maintain the roaster to keep it operating at its best.

Do not leave the roaster to run completely unattended. As with any appliance, unusual
conditions such as a power outage, blocked vent, or failure to properly maintain the roaster
can cause coffee to smolder and generate smoke in the roast chamber. It is good practice to
be within earshot of the roaster when operating so you can respond if any of these conditions should occur.

Be careful not to chip or scratch the glass roasting chamber. The roasting chamber is
made of very high quality ceramic glass which is capable of handling thermal stress greater than that produced by the roaster. The glass will not however handle thermal cycles after being damaged due to impact or abrasion. The roasting chamber is expensive and must
be handled with care. sonofresco will not be held liable for breakage.
9
4046058-L
ROASTER COMPONENT DESCRIPTIONS
Smoke Box Assembly
Chaff Collector
Assembly
Stanchion
Chrome Top Plate
Roast Chamber
Control Board
Lift Handle
U-Shape
Coffee Roaster
Chaff Screen
Chaff Wall
Chaff collector
Chaff Collector Assembly
10
4046058-L
5. Filling The Roaster and Component Assembly
Remove Roast Chamber/Chaff Collector Assembly

Lift handle to raise smoke box assembly. (The
smoke box will rise approximately 3/4”.)

Remove roast chamber/chaff collector by lifting
straight up and back.
Lift handle
Caution: The roast chamber is able to withstand
much higher temperatures than the roaster is capable of producing. However, it can be damaged
if impact occurs on a hard surface and then subsequently heated during a roast.
The roaster is designed to operate correctly with a fixed volume of approximately 1.4 lbs of green beans in
the roast chamber and is easily measured using the supplied metal can. This volume ensures correct air flow
balance through out the entire roasting process. The following steps will ensure that the correct volume of
coffee beans are used for each roast.

Fill the supplied measuring can level to the top.

Caution: The supplied can must be used in order to
achieve the correct volume of beans.
11
Empty contents of level filled can
into roast chamber.
4046058-L
Assemble the Chaff Collector
Chaff wall ends
After adding the correct volume of beans to the roast
chamber, assemble the chaff collector and place it on the
roast chamber. The chaff wall ends seal to the chaff collector base and screen grooves to prevent air and chaff
from escaping from the roaster. The completed chaff collector assembly then seals to the top rim of the roast
chamber.


Set one of the chaff wall
ends into the chaff collector
groove.

Set the chaff screen groove
onto the end of the chaff
wall.
Chaff screen
groove
Chaff collector
groove
Chaff wall
Place the chaff collector assembly on top of the
roast chamber ensuring that the rubber seal seats
against the top rim of the roast chamber.

Completed roast chamber/chaff collector assembly.
Note: Use two hands when placing chaff collector
assembly onto roast chamber.
Rubber seal
(black)
Top rim of
roast chamber
12
4046058-L
6. Setting the Roast Level and Starting the Roaster
Roaster Controls: The roaster is controlled by an electronic control board that monitors the
roasting process based on information provided by the temperature sensor (RTD) and allows the
coffee to roast to a predetermined temperature/roast level based on the setting selected by the user. The control board consists of the following user controls and display:
Power Switch
Controls the power to the appliance.
Gas switch
Activates the gas in stand-by mode. (Will not actively turn gas on.)
Down Arrow
Lowers the roast level with each press.
Up Arrow
Increases the roast level with each press.
LED Display
Displays current roast level setting. (Also provides
time vs. temperature feed back as discussed in section 17.)
Initiate the roast with three simple steps:
1. Switch the power and gas
switches to the on position.
1. Switch the power and gas switches to the on position.
2. Select the desired roast level for the coffee being roasted, using the up/down arrow buttons.
3. Push and release the start roast button.
2. Select desired roast setting.
(0-9)
3. Push and release the start
roast button.
Roaster will start roasting
automatically.
13
4046058-L
7. The Roasting Process
Once the start button is pushed, the roaster will start roasting automatically and the following will be observed
during the process:







The blower will immediately turn on and the beans will bounce (fluidize) around in the roast chamber. The
beans should appear to “swirl” or rotate around the roast chamber indicating that the beans are mixing
properly.
Approximately 5 seconds after the start button is pushed, a decimal point will come on in the lower right
hand side of the LED display indicating the control is cycling the gas on.
At approximately 15 seconds after start, the gas will ignite indicated by a slight “puff” sound and heat in
the roast chamber. Note: It is not uncommon for the inside of the roast chamber to look wet at the beginning of the roast cycle. This is simply condensation caused by a cold roaster and will dissipate quickly and
will not affect the roaster performance.
The roaster is now automatically roasting the coffee and will continue to cycle the gas on/off approximately twelve times during the active roast cycle to gradually increase the bean temperature closer to the final
roast level.
During the roasting process, the beans will go through changes in color, size, and weight.

Color: As the bean temperature increases, the first noticeable difference is the darkening color
from green to light brown and then to dark brown with oils on the bean surface on the higher
settings. Note: Decaffeinated coffee will look brown before roasting due to the decaffeination
process.

Size: As the bean is heated, the internal cell walls of the bean will expand from the heat and
cause the bean to increase in size by nearly a third. This expanding of the bean is referred to as
the “crack” and can be heard as a light snapping or cracking sound, typically occurring first
around seven minutes and again near ten minutes (i.e. first crack and second crack).

Weight: Before roasting begins, the bean is considered “heavy” or “green” due to the moisture
trapped inside. During the roasting process the moisture is driven out of the bean. Towards the
end of the roast the beans will appear to be bouncing around the roast chamber more rapidly
due to the “weight loss”.
At approximately eleven minutes, the beans will reach the final roast level temperature at which time the
electronic control board will automatically cycle the gas off and enter the cool down cycle. During the
cool down cycle, the blower continues to circulate air until the beans are cool enough to be handled
(approximately seven minutes).
After the cooling cycle is completed, the blower will shut down and the roaster will go into standby until
the start roast button is again pressed.
8. Handling Roasted Coffee
After the roasting and cooling process is completed, the beans can be placed directly into a bag or bin.
Freshly roasted coffee must be allowed to sit for 48 hours before grinding and brewing to allow the flavor to “develop”. This process, known as “degassing”, allows the gasses to escape as the flavors emerge
in the bean.
Proper handling should include allowing the beans to sit in a covered but unsealed bin before use. If the
bin is sealed tightly, the gases cannot escape and the flavor development process will slow. Do not allow the beans to become wet or come into contact with syrups.
14
4046058-L
9. Preparing for the Next Roast
The roaster components will need to be cleaned prior to starting the next roast to ensure that each roast will be
consistent with previous batches. The following is a description of the fundamental operation and the maintenance required between roasts. The entire process should take no more than one minute to complete.
As discussed, the bean will expand and increase in size during the roasting process. During this expansion
phase the bean will “crack” and shed it’s “skin” also known as chaff (the outer skin of the coffee bean). This
chaff is captured by the fine mesh of the chaff screen to prevent it from being blown into the vent system. The
chaff also acts to balance the air flow in the system as the bean becomes lighter during the roast due to the
moisture being driven off. The chaff screen is designed to catch the chaff but allow the hot roasting gases to
pass through the chaff screen and out the vent system. Restricting the flow of roasting gases through the screen
will lead to darker and darker roasts. Restrictions are created if the chaff is not removed from the screen between roasts or if the oils that are deposited on the wires of the screen are not removed.
The following maintenance summary will prevent the build up of oils on the screen. Detailed steps are outlined
on the following page.







Remove chaff collector from the roast chamber and set it upside down on a table.
Vacuum chaff from the chaff collector.
Remove chaff collector and place on table right side up.
Vacuum the balance of chaff from the chaff screen.
Clean loose chaff from chaff collector groove using wire brush.
Clean inside and both ends of chaff wall with a dry terry cloth or paper towel to remove loose
chaff.
Clean chaff screen with wire brush. (See chaff screen cleaning details.)
15
4046058-L
9. (Continued)

Remove the chaff collector from the
roast chamber and set it upside down on
a table.
Vacuum the chaff from the chaff collector.




Remove chaff collector and set on table right
side up.
Vacuum balance of chaff from the chaff screen.

Clean inside and both ends of chaff
wall with dry terry cloth or paper
towel to remove loose chaff.

Cleaned and reassembled chaff collector
assembly.
Clean loose chaff from chaff collector groove
using wire brush.
Chaff collector groove

Clean chaff screen with wire brush.
(See chaff screen cleaning details on
following page.)
16
4046058-L
10. Detailed Chaff Screen Cleaning
The chaff screen consists of a wire mesh screen held in place by an aluminum outer ring. The mesh screen is
simply wires woven together to create a wire grid. Each of these wires collect chaff and oil from the beans
during the roasting process and must be cleaned to allow air to flow freely. A brass wire brush is used to clean
the wires as well as the chaff screen groove. (See detail below.) Cleaning is accomplished by aggressively
scrubbing both sides with a wire brush around the perimeter (outside edge) of the ring and then cleaning the
wires in both directions.
Screen ring
Wire mesh

Clean chaff screen groove to prevent chaff
build up. This buildup could affect the seal
with the chaff wall.

Clean the screen where it meets the groove
around the entire perimeter of the screen.
Note: It is important that the screen is cleaned all
the way to the outer edge where it meets the ring.
Wire brush
Chaff screen
groove
Use the wire brush to scrub in the direction of the
wires to ensure the entire surface of the screen is
cleaned.

Note: A fine dust (dried oils from the beans) will be
deposited on the table under the screen which indicates the cleaning is being done correctly.

Turn the brush 90 degrees to clean the wires going in the other direction.

After completing the cleaning flip the screen over
and repeat on the other side.

Soak the screen in a commercial cleanser, such as
Purocaf, weekly to remove excess oils.
17
4046058-L
11. Roast Chamber
It is important that the roast chamber be cleaned after every roast to prevent the build-up of oils on the glass
surface as well as the bottom plate. Oil build-up is not only unsightly, it will also affect the roaster performance if the build-up becomes excessive. The beans must move around freely in the roast chamber to
properly mix with hot air for an even and consistent roast throughout all of the beans. Oils deposited on the
glass cylinder and bottom plate create a rough surface that can cause the beans to slow down in the roast
chamber due to friction. This “slowing” of the beans can cause darker and inconsistent roasts. Wiping the
roast chamber glass and bottom plate with a dry terry cloth or paper towel after every roast will reduce the
build-up of oils.
Caution: The roast chamber is one of the more costly components of the
roaster. Care must be taken when handling to prevent damage or breakage.



With a firm grip on the roast chamber, wipe
the entire inside surface of the roast chamber.
To prevent breakage, avoid resting the roast
chamber on a table or counter top during
cleaning.
With a firm grip on the roast chamber; wipe
the bottom surface of the roast chamber.
Note: Some heat discoloration on the bottom
plate is normal.

At the end of the day, clean the entire roast chamber inside and out with a towel, warm water, and
mild detergent to completely remove excess oils.
Note: It is not recommended that the roast chamber
be soaked as this will affect the gaskets.
18
4046058-L
12. Daily Maintenance
Daily maintenance is important to keep the roaster operating and looking its best. A maintenance routine at the end
of every roasting day will allow the roaster to be begin operation the next morning without delay.
The daily maintenance includes:



Clean the chaff collector assembly as you would in between
roasts.
Clean the entire roast chamber inside and out with a towel, warm
water, and mild detergent to completely remove excess oils.
Clean temperature sensor with a DRY 3M pad (scotchbrite).
Note: It is very important that the temperature sensor does not
get wet. Failure to follow this simple rule will result in temperature sensor damage and risk of burning coffee.

Clean smoke box assembly with a damp 3M pad (scotchbrite).

Clean external surfaces of the roaster, u-shape, chrome top etc.,
with a damp cloth and mild detergent.

Clean the area around the roaster to minimize the chaff build-up
in the work area.
Temperature Sensor
The temperature sensor plays a critical role in the roaster’s operation by measuring the current temperature of
the beans and sending the information to the control board. The control board then interprets this information
and cycles the gas on/off accordingly, thus ensuring that the beans roast evenly during the cycle following the
‘Roast Profile’. If the temperature sensor sends inaccurate information to the control board, the outcome of the
roasting process will likely be different than expected.
Example: The coffee beans are actively roasting at a temperature of 200°C (near the end of the active roast
cycle), but the temperature sensor is only reading and sending a temperature of 195°C to the control board.
The control board is designed to allow the beans to reach a set temperature at a given time, so the control only
seeing 195°C continues to roast the beans. The beans at this point are near the end temperature, but are allowed to further roast creating a much darker than expected roasted coffee.
Although the temperature sensor and control board are operating correctly, they are actually lagging behind
the coffee’s actual temperature. The most common reason for this is that the temperature sensor is being insulated from the heat of the beans due to excess build-up of chaff and oils. Similar to wearing a jacket in the
winter, keeping the cold out and body heat in, we are slowing down how fast the heat gets to the temperature
sensor. Again, this “lag” causes the coffee to over roast or burn.
19
4046058-L
Cleaning the Temperature Sensor
The two most important items to properly maintain are the screen and the temperature sensor.
The temperature sensor is delicate and should be handled with care. Clean only the ceramic end of the sensor;
do not bend the wires. It is also important not to move the sensor from its location. Clean the temperature sensor with a dry 3M pad folded in half over the white portion of the sensor. Rub the sensor back and forth as if
you were sanding a pencil; only apply enough pressure to remove the chaff and oils. The sensor will tend to
turn almost black after a day of roasting; clean the sensor as close to white as possible. (Discoloration to a light
brown or beige is normal. The sensor should be cleaned to that color.)

Fold the 3M pad around the sensor.

Rub the sensor back and forth to remove chaff and oil deposits.
Temperature sensor
(RTD)
DO NOT ALLOW THE TEMPERATURE SENSOR TO
GET WET DURING CLEANING. DOING SO MAY
CAUSE DAMAGE.
3M pad
(ScotchBrite)

Wipe the inside of the smoke box assembly
using a damp 3M pad.

Wipe the entire outside of the roaster with a cloth
and mild detergent.

Every night, the assembly should be cleaned
down to the metal finish.

Clean the chaff from around the roaster work area.
20
4046058-L
ROASTER MAINTENANCE SUMMARY
Schedule and follow these maintenance steps for trouble free roaster operation:
Maintenance Item
Action
Frequency
Page Number
Chaff Screen


Clean with wire brush
Soak in commercial cleanser


After every roast
Once week
17
Temperature Sensor

Clean sensor with dry 3M pad
(scotchbrite)

Daily
20
Smoke Box Assembly 
Clean surfaces with 3M pad (scotchbrite) 
Daily
20
Roast Chamber


Clean with soft cloth

Clean with warm water & mild detergent 
After each roast
Daily
18
Chaff Collector

Clean chaff wall groove

After each roast
16
Outside Surfaces

Clean top panel and U-shape with mild
commercial cleanser

Daily
20
21
4046058-L
13. Error Codes and Troubleshooting
The roaster employs a series of five error codes displayed on the control board LED display. An error code is
read on the display in series. Example, the error code “ E1” would be displayed as a backwards three or E, a
pause, and then 1. The code will continue to flash “E1”…”E1”...etc. until the power is cycled off and then on
again. In the case of an “E1”, an out of range temperature sensor, the error will not clear unless the problem with
the temperature sensor is resolved.
The following table describes each error code and the probable cause. The most common errors are an “E1”,
meaning a temperature sensor was likely damaged during cleaning, and an “E2”, meaning the gas valve was
most likely not turned on before starting a roast. In the event of an error code “E3” and “E4”, the electronic control board will end the heating cycle and enter the cool down cycle. However, an “E1” and “E5” error codes will
result in both the gas as well as the blower to be turned off without entering the cool down cycle. An “E5” indicates that the temperature continues to increase at the end of the active roast cycle rather than decrease as it
should during the cool down cycle. The increase in temperature after the roast cycle may indicate the beans are
scorched or on the verge of a fire. If the blower remained on, a fire could result. Follow the steps below to prevent excessive smoke from the beans to accumulate in the shop.

Remove roast chamber/chaff collector assembly from the roaster. Caution: The roast chamber assembly
will be hot. Grasp only the roast chamber handle when removing the assembly from the roaster.

Dump beans including the chaff assembly onto/into a non combustible area or receptacle. (Outside on
pavement would be a safe place.)
22
4046058-L
14. Troubleshooting
ERROR CODES
Error
Code
Problem
Solution

Broken wire, short in the

wiring, or a broken or defective temperature sensor.

Temperature sensor has not detected a sufficient increase in tempera
ture.
Problem with the gas supply.
Dirty temperature sensor.
Interference with airflow.

The roast did not reach its set point 
in twenty minutes.

Gas supply.
Dirty temperature sensor.

Failure to achieve ignition later in
the roast cycle.

E-1
Electronic control has detected an
“out of range” condition on the
temperature sensor.
Cause


E-2

E-3

E-4



E-5
Temperature rises after the end of
the roast cycle. May indicate a
presence of fire.






Replace temperature sensor.
Check gas shutoff valve or
propane supply.
See section on cleaning sensor.
Clean screen, check exhaust,
use correct amount of beans.
Check shut off valve.
Check gas supply pressure.
Clean temperature sensor.
Likely cause is the propane
supply ran out.

Gas supply is shut off after 
roaster has started.
Refill propane tank.
Open gas shutoff valve.
Overfilling the roast
chamber.
Neglecting to clean the
chaff screen or chaff collector.
Use recommended amount of
beans.
Clean chaff collector and
screen after each roast.


15. If You Need Help
If you have done your best to work out a problem or question, and still are not able to solve it, we will be glad to
help. Call us at (360)757-2800 or contact us by email at office@sonofresco.com
16. Replacement Parts
A number of replacement parts are available through sonofresco, including new roasting chambers, new chaff
collector screens, temperature sensors, control boards and other items. You may want to have spare screens or
roasting chambers on hand to avoid interruptions in production. Contact your local representative or the
sonofresco office for prices and availability.
23
4046058-L
17. Hints and Tips
Roast Profile: One way to further understand and monitor the roaster operation is by viewing the roast profile. The electronic control board is designed to control the rate at which the coffee temperature rises over
time. The roast profile is basically a time versus temperature graph that determines when the gas is cycled on
to heat the beans and then cycled off to prevent the beans form heating to quickly. The gas is cycled an average of twelve times during the active roast. The roast profile also acts in conjunction with the roast level settings to finish the roast at a specified temperature within a specified amount of time (plus or minus 15 seconds) and enter the cool down phase. The roast profile data can be viewed via the LED display and referenced to the graph on the following page.
Roast Profile Data
Time Measurement: The time measurement is the time from the beginning of the roasting process when the start roast button was pressed.

During an active roast, push and release the start roast button to
display the time.
Example: The roaster is running for 1:30 (one minute and thirty seconds)
from start and the roast button is pressed and released the display will
scroll 1...-...3...0. (one...dash...three...zero.) This time should be mentally
noted; immediately proceed to read the temperature data.
Temperature Measurement: The temperature measurement is the real time
temperature of the exhaust at the moment it is viewed during the roasting process.

During an active roast, simultaneously push and hold both the up and
down arrows to display the temperature. Note: If the up and down arrow buttons are continuously held down, the temperature on the display
rises as the actual bean temperature rises.
Example: The bean temperature is currently 135°C (one hundred thirty five
degrees Celsius); the display will scroll 1...3...5. This temperature should be
mentally noted and compared to the graph on the following page.
Graph Comparison: Simply find the time on the bottom edge of the graph
and the temperature on the left side. Follow up and across until the lines intersect and plot a dot at that point. This dot represents a point on the time versus
temperature graph and should be on or very close to the blue roast profile line.
Although this data is not critical when roasting coffee, you may be asked to
perform these readings every thirty to sixty seconds in the event of a service
call. The information is used by the technician to diagnose a problem and offer
a solution.
24
4046058-L
25
4046058-L
Roasting Air Temp -- Deg C
0
50
100
150
200
250
0
2
3
4
230
225
220
215
210
205
200
195
190
0
5
19 3
1
2
6
19 6 . 5
200
7
3
4
5
2 10 . 5
9
6
7
10
2 14
8
11
2 17 . 5
KENYA AA #6
Time -- Mins
8
Roast Level
203.5
207
ROAST LEVEL SETTING
221
12
9
224.5
ROAST TEMPERATURE PROFILE
SONOFRESCO COFFEE ROASTER
PROGRAMMED ROAST PROFILE
1
Temp -- Deg C
13
15
Celebes #4
14
16
17
18
18. Warranty
Coffee Kinetics, LLC guarantees to the original purchaser that the Sonofresco product is free from defects
in material and workmanship for a period of 1 year (12 months) from the date of purchase.
In the event of any defects in material or workmanship, Coffee Kinetics, LLC’s sole liability shall be to
repair or replace the defective product or components, at its sole discretion.

If the product is determined to be defective, Sonofresco will repair or replace the product free of
charge.

This warranty does not cover replacement of the glass roasting chamber, the chaff screen, or gaskets
worn or damaged during the normal coarse of use.

This warranty does not cover problems resulting from poor installation or operator abuse. Roasting
anything other than green coffee beans in the appliance will void the warranty.

Repair or replacement as provided under this warranty is the exclusive remedy of the purchaser.
Sonofresco shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages for breach of any express or
implied warranty on this product.

Advanced return authorization is required from our Customer Service Department (866-271-7666). If
return is required, please contact Customer Service for a Return Authorization Number. Products
received without return authorization will not be accepted.

This warranty does not apply to any product that has been altered, misused, neglected, or which has
been used other than the purpose stated in the furnished owners manual.
Please contact Coffee Kinetics Customer Service Department with any questions:
1365 Pacific Drive
Burlington, WA 98233-3128
866-271-7666
office@sonofresco.com
26
4046058-L
19. Return Policy
There are a few important things to keep in mind when returning a product you purchased from the Coffee Kinetics, LLC:
·
You have 30 calendar days to return an item from the date you received it.
·
Only items that have been purchased directly from Coffee Kinetics, LLC, can be returned to Coffee Kinetics, LLC.
Products purchased through an authorized distributor must be returned to the same distributor in accordance with their respective
returns and refunds policy.
·
Please ensure that the item you are returning is repackaged using the Sonofresco approved packaging with all the cords,
adapters, and documentation that were included when you received it.
There are some items, however, that are ineligible for return, including:
·
Custom products, including color
·
Green Coffee
·
Coffee Packaging
Once we receive your item, a refund is initiated immediately after inspection* of returned item. The way your refund is processed
depends on your original payment method:
§
If you paid by credit or debit card, refunds will be sent to the card-issuing bank within five business days of receipt and
inspection* of the returned item. Please contact the card-issuing bank with questions about when the credit will be posted to your
account.
§
If you paid by check or money order, refunds will be issued by check and sent via USPS to the ship to address on the
original invoice within five business days of receipt and inspection* of the returned item.
§
If you paid by wire transfer, refunds will be issued by check and sent via USPS to the ship to address on the original
invoice within five business days of receipt and inspection * of the returned item.
* Incoming inspection process could take up to 5 days
How To Return an Item
Your item must be in its original unused condition to be returned, unless there is a manufacturer defect. You must return the
item within 30 days of your purchase.
1. Please email office@sonofresco.com to request a refund and we will assign you a RMA #*.
2. Ship your returned item to:
Coffee Kinetics
Department RMA #
1365 Pacific Drive
Burlington, WA 98233
3. Merchandise that has been worn, used, or altered will not be accepted for return or exchange.
*Items will not be received without a RMA # (Returned Material Authorization Number).
Restocking Fee
All items are subject to a 15% restocking fee, this will be deducted from your refund. We also do not refund the original shipping
and handling costs, import duties that you paid on the order. Customers returning products are responsible for return shipping
costs, import duties, and taxes.
27
4046058-L
20. Specifications
There are four models of the sonofresco one pound coffee roaster. The roasters all follow the same
roast profile, and have the same capacity-each roasting about 800cc of green coffee (about 1.2
pounds) per cycle. All of the machines will use about 350 watts of electric power. The heating in all
machines is supplied by either propane or natural gas.
The four models are:
Model 1100-Propane, 120 vac, 60 hz, 3 amp
Model 1200-Natural Gas, 120 vac, 60 hz, 3 amp
Model 1300-Propane, 230 vac, 50 hz, 1.5 amp
Model 1400-Natural Gas, 230 vac, 50 hz, 1.5 amp
Input Ratings:
Propane -
31,000 btu/hr
Natural Gas- 27,000 btu/hr
Units intended for 50 hz usage will not operate properly on 60 hz and vice versa. Units intended for
natural gas will not operate properly if run on propane. Units intended for propane will not operate
properly on natural gas.
All models weigh approximately 55 pounds (25 kilos), and are 11.25 inches (28.6 cm) by 19 inches
(48.3 cm) by 27 inches (68.6 cm) high.
Models 1100 and 1200 are designed and tested for use in the U.S. and Canada to the following
standards:
Gas-Fired Food Service Equipment In accordance with:
American National Standards Institute ANSI Z83.11b
Canadian Gas Association CGA 1.8b-2000
sonofresco
1365 Pacific Drive
Burlington, WA 98233
(360)757-2800
(360)757-8172 Fax
www.sonofresco.com
office@sonofresco.com
28
4046058-L
Download PDF