QV XL Excerpt
QuadView XL
User’s Guide
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DOCUMENT
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QuadView XL User’s Guide
P/N 350-7820
Revision 1, December 2003
Printed in U.S.A
COPYRIGHT
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© 2003 RGB Spectrum, Inc. All rights reserved.
This document, in whole or in part, may not be reproduced, translated or
reduced to any machine-readable form without prior written approval from
RGB Spectrum, Inc.
•
QuadView is a registered trademark of RGB Spectrum, Inc.
NOTICE
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RGB Spectrum reserves the right to make any modification to this guide or the
information contained herein at any time without notice.
All features, functions, and specifications are subject to change without notice
or obligation.
COMP ANY ADDRE SS
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RGB Spectrum
950 Marina Village Pkwy.
Alameda, CA 94501
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Telephone: (510) 814-7000
Fax: (510) 814-7026
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LIMITED WARRANT Y
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RGB Spectrum (RGB) warrants that this product will be free from defects in
material and workmanship, under normal use and service when correctly
installed and maintained, for a period of one (1) year from date of shipment.
RGB’s liability under this warranty is limited solely to replacing, repairing or
issuing credit for any product which is shown to be defective during the
warranty period. Purchaser shall (i) notify RGB promptly in writing of any
claims, and (ii) provide RGB with an opportunity to inspect and test the product
claimed to be defective. Warranty does not cover misuse, abuse, improper
installation or application, improper maintenance or repair, alteration, accident
or negligence in use, improper temperature, humidity or other environmental
condition, storage, transportation or handling. RGB shall have no obligations
under this warranty with respect to any defect unless it receives notice and a
description of such defect no later than five (5) business days following the
expiration of the warranty period.
THE WARRANTIES STATED HEREIN ARE IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING (BUT NOT
LIMITED TO) ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL RGB BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES FOR LOSS, DAMAGE
OR EXPENSE DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING FROM THE
PURCHASER’S INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT EITHER
SEPARATELY OR IN COMBINATION WITH ANY OTHER EQUIPMENT
OR FACILITIES, OR FROM ANY OTHER CAUSE.
EX TENDED WARRANTY
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An annual extended warranty may be purchased. Should the product fail to
operate properly during the covered period, RGB will repair the product and
restore it to normal operation without charge for labor and parts. For further
information on obtaining an extended warranty, email [email protected] or
call (510) 814-7000.
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T ABLE
OF
C ONTENTS
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Chapter 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Product Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A Word about Window Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A Word about System Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A Word about Scan Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
QuadView XL Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
QuadView XL Feature Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2
1
2
2
3
4
5
5
Installation and Set Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
In This Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Standard Supplied Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Optional Items. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Rack Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
QuadView XL Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
QuadView XL Rear Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Connector Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Installing the QuadView XL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
System Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Communications Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
RS-232 Serial Control Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Network Connection Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Web Browser Control Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Timing Adjustments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Output Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Input Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
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QuadView XL User’s Guide
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I NTRODUCTION
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1
PR ODU CT OV ERV IE W
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The QuadView XL is a high performance, compact video windowing system
that displays four live video or computer windows on a high-resolution RGB
display device. Each of the four windows has three standard inputs and one
optional input, but only one input can be displayed at a time in a window.
The following high-resolution sources can be used as inputs to each window:
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RGB / YPbPr component
Composite video
S-Video
DVI (optional)
On your high-resolution display, all types of input sources can be mixed and
matched simultaneously, and each input can be independently scaled,
positioned and zoomed.
Text, graphics and
video windows
displayed
simultaneously
Figure 1-1. QuadView XL Displays Four Inputs on a Single Monitor
The QuadView XL outputs a high-resolution image, at a user-selected scan rate
— up to 1600 x 1200 pixel resolution. Access to all QuadView XL functions is
supported remotely by either RS-232 serial communications or via network
control (Ethernet 10/100 BaseT).
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QuadView XL User’s Guide
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INTRODUCTION
System Features
SYSTEM F EATURES
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The QuadView XL includes the following standard features and functions:
•
Note
Flexible input channels — As standard, each input channel accepts
NTSC/PAL composite, S-Video, YPbPr component or high-resolution
RGB signals. Optionally, a digital input module (DVI format) is
available for each channel. Full 24-bit color processing is used
throughout the system.
HDTV (High Definition Television) input signals can be
processed through a channel’s RGB/YPbPr connector.
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Window manipulation — Windows can be positioned, scaled, and
clipped to any size or shape desired. Scaling is continuous up to the
full size of the display raster. The system also supports zooming in on
a region within a window and input “freezing.”
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User-defined presets — QuadView XL stores and recalls up to ten
user-defined presets, each containing information about window size
and position, image controls, and image positioning on screen.
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Remote control — Complete system control is supported via the RS232 serial port or the 10/100 BaseT Ethernet port. Many control
parameters can be stored in nonvolatile memory for later use
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High-resolution output — The system’s high-resolution analog RGB
output (up to 1600 x 1200 pixels) is ideal for use on a computer
monitor or a high scan rate projector. The output displays up to four
windows simultaneously.
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Auto sync — QuadView XL automatically detects and locks to all
computer sync signals. Industry standard and custom video timings
are supported.
Note that optional control software for Microsoft® Windows® environments is
available from RGB Spectrum.
A WORD ABOUT WINDOW INPUTS
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Each QuadView XL window accepts any one of the component, composite,
RGB and (optionally) digital inputs. Using control commands, users can
dynamically switch between any one of the input sources, but the limit of one
source per channel remains in effect.
For example, you could connect RGB from a PC, S-Video from a camera and
Composite video from a VHS tape deck — all to Window 1’s input connectors,
and then switch between them using control commands.
Note that because the Component and RGB input signals use the same 15-pin
“D” input connector, you can not connect both RGB and component inputs to a
given channel simultaneously.
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QuadView XL User’s Guide
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INTRODUCTION
A Word about System Outputs
Please note the following important points regarding inputs:
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Video inputs can originate from devices such as TV cameras, video
cassette recorders, DVD players or video teleconferencing systems.
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Analog RGB inputs typically originate from a computer. These inputs
can be interlaced or non-interlaced, up to 1600 x 1200 pixel resolution,
and refresh rates (or frame rate) up to 200 Hz.
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The system’s computer inputs can be configured with any sync format
(sync on green, composite sync, or separate H- and V-drive).
The figure below illustrates a block diagram of the QuadView XL, showing the
four identical inputs and two identical outputs.
Analog RGB / Y P B PR Component
DVI (optional)
Composite Analog
S-Video
Channel 1
Analog RGB / Y P B PR Component
DVI (optional)
Composite Analog
S-Video
Channel 2
Analog RGB / Y P B PR Component
DVI (optional)
Composite Analog
S-Video
Channel 3
Analog RGB / Y P B PR Component
DVI (optional)
Composite Analog
S-Video
Channel 4
Output 1
DVI
Analog RGB
To High
Resolution
Monitor(s)
Output 2
DVI
Analog RGB
Control
RS-232
10/100BaseT
Figure 1-2. QuadView XL Block Diagram
A WORD ABOUT SYST EM OUTPUTS
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As standard, the system provides two identical DVI-I output connectors. The
“I” stands for integrated — as each connector is comprised of one analog and
one digital output. The output image is identical on each connector, and
available simultaneously in both analog and digital.
All input signals to the QuadView XL are converted to the selected output
resolution (adjustable up to 1600 pixels by 1200 lines), with horizontal scan
rates adjustable from 12 to 125 kHz.
By using a customer-supplied breakout cable, up to four high-resolution
displays can be driven from the two output connectors (two analog and two
digital displays) — without the need for DAs (distribution amplifiers).
In Appendix 7, refer to the “DVI-I Connector”section for complete wiring
details on the DVI-I connector.
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INTRODUCTION
A Word about Scan Rates
A WORD ABOUT S CAN RATES
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QuadView XL specifications state that output resolution is adjustable up to
1600 pixels by 1200 lines, and horizontal scan rates are adjustable from 15 to
125 kHz. However, users should be aware that there are several important
constraints to system resolution, including:
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•
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Maximum pixel clock (also known as “sample rate”)
Maximum number of pixels that can be processed
Maximum number of lines that can be processed
These factors are all interrelated with the system’s refresh rate (also known as
“frame rate”). When configuring your system output, following are a few rules
of thumb to keep in mind:
•
Sample rate is directly proportional to the product of:
(# of pixels per line) x (# lines) x (refresh rate)
Therefore, if a higher refresh rate is desired, the sample rate must be
increased. For example:
~ A 1600 x 1200 output @ 60 Hz refresh rate requires a pixel
clock of 162 MHz — which is equal to the maximum pixel
clock of 162 MHz.
~ A 1600 x 1200 output @ 65 Hz refresh rate requires a pixel
clock of 175 MHz — which is greater than the maximum of
162 MHz.
•
A higher refresh rate can also be achieved by reducing either the # of
pixels per line or the # of lines per frame. (Note that the ratio of active
pixels per line to the number of active lines is the aspect ratio, typically
4:3 or 16:9.) For example:
~ A 1600 x 1200 output @ 85 Hz refresh rate requires a pixel
clock of 229.5 MHz — which is greater than the maximum
pixel clock of 162 MHz.
~ A 1280 x 960 output @ 85 Hz refresh rate requires a pixel
clock of 148.5 MHz — which is less than the maximum pixel
clock of 162 MHz.
When configuring your system, the important factor to remember is the
interrelation between specifications:
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Yes — you can adjust your system’s output resolution up to 1600
pixels by 1200 lines.
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Yes — you can adjust the system’s output horizontal scan rate from 12
to 125 kHz.
•
No — you can not configure resolution at 1600 x 1200 with a refresh
rate of 100 Hz — because of the inherent interrelation between factors.
QuadView XL User’s Guide
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INTRODUCTION
QuadView XL Control
QUADV IE W XL CONTROL
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System control for the QuadView XL is provided via the RS-232 serial port or
the 10/100 BaseT Ethernet port. There are no controls on the chassis itself.
•
The RS-232 serial port connects to an ASCII terminal, any computer
with a serial port or an external device such as a touchpad. Commands
are sent from the terminal or computer to the QuadView XL.
Refer to Chapter 4, “ASCII Command Set” for a complete
description of command syntax.
•
The Ethernet port (10/100BaseT) allows multiple QuadView systems
to be connected to a local area network (LAN) or directly to a PC
properly equipped with a network card. Note that direct connection
requires the use of an Ethernet hub or Ethernet cross over cable.
QUADVIEW XL FEATURE SUMMARY
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Following is a concise summary of QuadView XL features:
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System:
~
~
~
~
•
Displays up to four RGB/video windows on any output.
Full 24-bit color processing is used throughout.
System control via serial RS-232 or Ethernet.
Compact 1RU package.
Inputs:
~ Supports a wide range of analog RGB inputs with resolutions
up to 1600 x 1200 @ 75 Hz frame rate.
~ Supports HDTV / YPbPr input with tri-level sync.
~ Optional DVI inputs up to 1600 x 1200 @ 60Hz.
~ Video inputs are selectable between S-Video and Composite
formats, in both NTSC and PAL video standards.
•
Outputs:
~
~
~
~
Dual output connectors each support DVI and analog signals.
Analog RGB output up to 1600 x 1200 @ 75Hz.
DVI output up to 1600 x 1200 @ 60Hz.
Adjustable output gamma to optimize performance with a
variety of display technologies.
~ Output can free run or genlock to input channel 1.
•
Special features:
~ High quality filtering for window resizing.
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INTRODUCTION
QuadView XL Feature Summary
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~
~
~
350-7820
Pan, zoom, border, label and freeze each window.
Fade output to background.
Colored backgrounds.
Export / Import system settings
QuadView XL User’s Guide
6
I NSTALLATION
AND
S ET U P
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2
IN T HIS C HAP TER
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This chapter provides instructions for installing and setting up your QuadView
XL system. The following topics are discussed:
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Standard Supplied Components
•
Optional Items
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•
•
Rack Mounting
QuadView XL Front Panel
QuadView XL Rear Panel
Installing the QuadView XL
System Setup
STANDARD SUPPLIED COMPONENTS
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The following equipment is included in the QuadView XL shipping carton:
Table 2-1. Standard Supplied Components
Item
Part Number
QuadView XL
---
QuadView XL User Manual (on CD-ROM)
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Power cord (110 or 220 volt)
520-1188 or 520-0271-1
DVI - VGA Adapter
p/n to be provided
OPTIONAL ITEMS
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RGB Spectrum can optionally provide additional equipment that may be useful
in installing and operating the QuadView XL. The items listed below may be
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INSTALLATION AND SET UP
Rack Mounting
purchased separately from RGB Spectrum.
Table 2-2. Optional Items
Item
Part Number
Description
VGA Cable
520-0298-1
15-pin HD Male to 15-pin HD Male,
6 ft. Use to connect your analog
output/inputs to sources with a
female VGA connector.
VGA-to-BNC
Adapter
520-0251-1
15-pin HD Male to a 5 BNC cable
bundle Male, 6 ft. 10 inches. Use to
connect the analog output/inputs to
sources with BNC connectors.
DVI cable
---
Used to connect the optional DVI
digital output to a DVI-capable
display device. Contact RGB
Spectrum for details.
RACK MOUNT ING
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The QuadView XL chassis is designed to be mounted in a standard 19" rack.
Please note the following important points:
•
Ensure that the QuadView XL is positioned in the rack where the side
air intake and exhaust vents are not blocked.
•
Rack mount the unit from the front rack ears using four rack screws
(not supplied). Rack threads may be metric or otherwise — depending
upon the rack type.
•
It is typically easier to install the lower of the two mounting holes first.
Important
350-7820
Do not use the QuadView XL as a shelf to support other
pieces of equipment. If you do, the rack ears and mounting
screws may be damaged.
QuadView XL User’s Guide
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INSTALLATION AND SET UP
QuadView XL Front Panel
QUADV IE W XL FRONT PANEL
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The figure below illustrates a front panel view of the QuadView XL.
1
3
SPECTRUM
Alarm
Activity
Link
4
I
QuadView XL
5
O
R G B
2
6
Figure 2-1. QuadView XL Front Panel View
1)
Alarm LED
3)
Link LED
5)
Restore Defaults Button
2)
Activity LED
4)
Reset Button
6)
AC Power Switch
Descriptions of each control and indicator are provided below:
1) Alarm LED
The Alarm LED glows solid amber when the QuadView XL’s internal
electronics have exceeded the maximum internal temperature of 60
degrees Celsius. Note that this is a warning only, and users should
take corrective action to avoid damage to the unit.
2) Activity LED
The Activity LED blinks green when there is data traffic over the
QuadView XL’s Ethernet connection.
3) Link LED
The Link LED glows solid amber when there is a valid Ethernet
connection between QuadView XL and another Ethernet device. Note
that if an RS-232 connection only is used, this LED will be off.
4) Reset Button
Press the Reset Button to reset only the QuadView XL’s IP address.
All other system parameters remain unchanged. Use an unfolded
paper clip to press the button, located inside the small access hole.
5) Restore Defaults Button
Press the Restore Defaults Button to reset all system parameters
(except the IP address) to their default. Use an unfolded paper clip to
press the button, located inside the small access hole. Note that this
function is the same as the “RestoreFactoryDefaults” command.
6) AC Power Switch
Use the AC Power Switch to turn the QuadView XL on and off. When
the unit is on, the LED inside the switch glows red.
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QuadView XL Rear Panel
QUADV IE W XL RE AR PANEL
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The figure below illustrates a rear panel view of the QuadView XL.
1
2
DVI-1
3
4
DVI-2
DVI-3
5
6
DVI-4
Holes
Holes
Composite-1
S-Video-1
RGB-2
Holes
Composite-2
S-Video-2
RGB-3
8
RS-232
Graphics Output 1
RGB-1
7
Graphics Output 2
Holes
Composite-3 S-Video-3
RGB-4
Composite-4
10/100 BaseT
S-Video-4
9
Figure 2-2. QuadView XL Rear Panel View
1)
AC Power Connector
4)
Input Channel 3
7)
Graphic Output 2
2)
Input Channel 1
5)
Input Channel 4
8)
RS-232 Serial Port
3)
Input Channel 2
6)
Graphic Output 1
9)
Ethernet Port
Descriptions of each section and connector are provided below:
1) AC Power Connector
One AC Power Connector (IEC 320 three pin) is provided for the
system’s universal power supply, which operates from any power
source with a line voltage in the range of 100 - 260 VAC.
2) Input Channel 1
Four connectors are provided for Input Channel 1, as illustrated and
described below. This input supports composite, S-Video, component,
and optionally, DVI video signals.
DVI-1
Holes
RGB-1
Composite-1
S-Video-1
Figure 2-3. Input Channel Connectors
~ Composite Video — One BNC female connector is provided
for NTSC or PAL composite video, a signal that typically
originates from a VCR or camera. An adapter may be
required when connecting this input to consumer equipment,
which typically uses a phono connector for composite video
(professional equipment typically uses BNC connectors).
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QuadView XL Rear Panel
~ S-Video — One 4 pin mini-DIN connector is provided for
NTSC or PAL S-Video, a signal that is typically of higher
quality than composite video, and originates from many DVD
players and cameras. Note that this connector can
alternatively be used to connect a second composite input. A
special cable will be needed to convert from the mini DIN
connector to BNC (or phono) connector that is typically used
for composite video signals.
~ RGB / YPbPr — One 15 pin female D-sub connector is
provided for either high resolution analog RGB input or
YPbPr component video. This input supports 3, 4 or 5 wire
connections, and is typically used to connect the output of a
computer to QuadView XL.
Note
Typically, the output of a computer is provided in RGB
format and connected to QuadView XL on this input. This
input may also be used to connect HDTV signals, which
can originate in RGB or YPbPr formats.
~ Digital — One DVI-I connector is used for the optional
digital input, typically used to connect an external computer
graphics output to the QuadView XL.
3) Input Channel 2
Four connectors are provided for Input Channel 2, which is identical to
Input Channel 1. See the “Input Channel 1” description for details.
4) Input Channel 3
Four connectors are provided for Input Channel 3, which is identical to
Input Channel 1.
5) Input Channel 4
Four connectors are provided for Input Channel 4, which is identical to
Input Channel 1.
Note
The four input channels are configured identically. All
inputs are self terminating.
6) Graphic Output 1
One DVI-I multi-pin connector is provided for Graphic Output 1,
which provides both analog and DVI output signals on the same
connector. Each output’s image is identical. Using the proper cable
(customer supplied), you can connect this output to a DVI-capable
monitor, an analog RGB monitor, or both simultaneously.
7) Graphic Output 2
One DVI-I multi-pin connector is provided for Graphic Output 2,
which is identical to Graphic Output 1.
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QuadView XL Rear Panel
8) RS-232 Serial Port
One 9 pin female D-Sub connector is provided for local RS-232
control from an external device.
Please note:
~ Use this connector when the controlling device is physically
close to QuadView XL and control across a network is not
required.
~ Connection to a PC, controller or serial terminal can be made
using this connector.
9) Ethernet Port
One 10/100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ-45 connector) is provided for
network control. Using a standard Ethernet cable, you can connect
directly to a local area network (LAN). Use this port when control
over a network is a requirement.
Note
CONNECTOR
. . . . .SUMMARY
....
QuadView XL can be controlled by using either the RS232 port or the 10/100 Base-T Ethernet port. Typically
only one of the two methods are used, but both can be
connected at the same time.
The table below summarizes the connectors used on the QuadView XL rear
panel. Input connectors are identical per each of the four input modules.
Table 2-3. Connector Types
Connector
Physical Type
Gender
Composite video input
BNC
Female
S-Video input
4-pin mini-DIN
Female
RGB / YPbPr input
15-pin HD D-Sub
Female
Digital input (optional)
DVI-I
Female
Graphic Output
DVI-I
Female
RS-232 Serial
9-pin D-Sub
Female
Ethernet 10/100 Base-T
8-pin RJ-45
Female
Refer to Appendix 7 for pinout details on all connectors.
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INSTALLATION AND SET UP
Installing the QuadView XL
INSTALLING THE QUADVIEW XL
.............................
This section provides QuadView XL installation instructions. All connections
are made to the rear of the chassis. Refer to Figure 2-2 for the location of each
connector.
Note
Ensure that the QuadView XL is rack mounted before
continuing. If not, refer to the “Rack Mounting” section
for instructions.
Use the following steps to install the QuadView XL:
1.
Connect Power — Connect a power cord to the AC Power Connector. The QuadView XL is equipped with a universal, 100-264 V, 50400 Hz power supply.
2.
Connect Inputs — Connect the desired video and/or computer
sources to input channels 1 through 4. Note:
~ For a channel’s composite input, use a standard BNC cable.
~ For a channel’s S-Video input, use a standard 4 pin mini-DIN
S-Video cable. Note that if you choose to use this input as a
second composite input, you will need min-DIN to BNC or
DIN to phono adapter cable.
~ For a channel’s RGB / YPbPr input, use a standard VGA
cable with a 15 pin male D-sub connector. The QuadView
XL’s input connector will support 3, 4 or 5 wire connections.
In Appendix 7, refer to the “High Resolution Analog
Connector” section for pinout information.
~ For a channel’s optional digital input, use a standard DVI
cable. In Appendix 7, refer to the “DVI-I Connector”
section for pinout information.
Remember that multiple sources can be connected to each input
(composite, S-Video, RGB and digital), but only one input can be
shown in a window at a time. You can chose which of these sources to
display on a given window by using the “INputSouRCe” command.
Refer to Chapter 4, “ASCII Command Set” for a complete
description of QuadView XL commands.
3.
Connect Graphic Output(s) — Using a DVI-I interconnect cable,
connect Graphic Outputs 1 and 2 to the desired destination displays.
Remember that each output connector supports both analog and DVI
output signals. Note:
~ With a standard DVI interconnect cable, you can connect
directly to a DVI capable monitor.
~ If you wish to connect to a monitor with an analog RGB
input, you will need to use an adapter which converts from
the DVI connector directly to a 15 pin D-sub connector.
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Installing the QuadView XL
Alternatively, standard cables are readily available to convert
from the DVI connector to either 15-pin D connectors or
BNC connectors.
~ You can connect to a DVI input and an analog RGB input
simultaneously with the use of a special break-out cable.
Using the two Graphic Output connectors, numerous output
combinations are possible, six of which are listed below:
Table 2-4. Output Display Combinations
To Connect To:
Use:
1 digital display
Graphic Output 1 (Digital Out)
1 analog display
Graphic Output 1 (Analog Out)
1 digital and 1 analog display
Graphic Output 1 (Analog and
Digital out)
2 digital displays
Graphic Output 1 (Digital Out),
Graphic Output 2 (Digital Out)
2 analog displays
Graphic Output 1 (Analog Out),
Graphic Output 2 (Analog Out)
2 digital and 2 analog displays
Graphic Output 1 (Analog and
Digital out), Graphic Output 2
(Analog and Digital out)
In Appendix 7, refer to the “DVI-I Connector” section for detailed
wiring instructions for the Graphic Output connectors.
Note
4.
Analog display devices must be able to accept RGB inputs
of at least 15 kHz.
Select a Control Method — either via an RS-422 serial connection or
via an Ethernet connection:
~ Serial Control — To control QuadView XL using a terminal
emulation program (such as Hyperterminal or Procomm),
connect the COM port of your computer (or other terminal
control device) to QuadView XL’s RS-232 serial port. This
enables you to control the QuadView XL using ASCII
commands. A straight through cable (with one-to-one
wiring) will typically be required. Note:
In Appendix 7, refer to the RS-232 Connector section for
advanced information on RS-232 connection parameters.
Please continue with the “System Setup” section.
~ Ethernet Control — To control the QuadView XL over a
network, connect an Ethernet cable (from your LAN,
Ethernet hub or switch) to the QuadView XL’s 10/100 Base-T
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Ethernet port. This method allows you to use a Telnet session
or a standard web browser to access QuadView XL’s internal
web server. Ethernet is also ideal for controlling multiple
QuadView XLs, eliminating the need to daisy-chain units.
Note
A PC can be connected directly to the QuadView XL’s
Ethernet port, without being connected to a network. For
this “direct connect” method, use an inexpensive Ethernet
hub or an Ethernet cross-over cable. In Appendix 7, refer
to the Ethernet Connector section for pinout details.
Please continue with the “System Setup” section.
SYSTEM SETUP
.............................
The following topics are discussed in this section:
•
•
Note
COMMUNICATIONS
. . . . . . SETUP
...
Communications Setup
Timing Adjustments
Before applying power, make sure that all cables are
connected correctly and that the QuadView XL power
switch is in the OFF position. With all cables properly
connected, turn the QuadView XL ON.
The communications setup procedure consists of setting up an external device
to communicate with the QuadView XL. This can be accomplished using one
of three control methods:
•
RS-232 Control — This method uses a command line interface to
control QuadView XL through a terminal emulation program. Refer to
the “RS-232 Serial Control Setup” section for instructions.
•
Telnet Control — Telnet control provides a command line interface to
the QuadView XL using the 10/100 BASE-T network port.
Operationally, this interface is almost identical to RS-232 control, but
the setup procedure is different. Refer to the “Network Connection
Setup” section for instructions.
•
Web Browser Control — This method uses a graphical interface
through QuadView XL’s internal web server, via Ethernet. Two setup
procedures are required:
~ Network Connection Setup
~ Web Browser Control Setup
Once communications have been established with one of the above methods,
you will be able to adjust all QuadView XL system parameters.
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Refer to Chapter 4, “ASCII Command Set” for a complete description of
QuadView XL commands.
RS-232 SERIAL CONTROL SETUP
The RS-232 serial control method uses an ASCII terminal or a PC running a
terminal emulation program (such as HyperTerminal or Procomm) to
communicate with the QuadView XL.
Use the following steps to connect and control via RS-232:
1.
Ensure that the QuadView XL’s RS-232 Serial Port is connected to the
COM port of your computer (or other terminal control device), as outlined in the “Installing the QuadView XL” section.
2.
On your PC, launch Hyperterminal by clicking Start > Programs >
Accessories > Communications > Hyperterminal.
Figure 2-4. Hyperterminal Path
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This action displays the Connection Description Dialog, a sample of
which is shown below.
Figure 2-5. Connection Description Dialog (Sample)
3.
In the dialog, enter a name, choose an icon and click OK to display the
Connect To Dialog.
Figure 2-6. Connect To Dialog (Sample)
4.
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In the Connect To Dialog, ignore the Country, Area Code and Phone
Number fields. In the Connect Using field, and select your PC’s
COM port to which the serial cable from QuadView XL is connected.
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5.
Click OK to display the COM Properties Dialog.
Figure 2-7. COM Properties Dialog (Sample)
6.
Configure your PC to match the QuadView XL’s pre-configured
factory settings, as follows:
~
~
~
~
Bits per second (baud): 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
~ Flow control: On / Off
QuadView XL can be configured to operate at baud rates from 9600
baud to 115 kbaud. In Chapter 4, refer to the “Serial Port
Commands” section for details about changing baud rates.
7.
Click OK to display the Hyperterminal window.
Figure 2-8. Hyperterminal Window (Sample)
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Please note:
~ If a prompt is displayed in the window (as shown above),
your PC is successfully connected to QuadView XL.
~ If you do not see a prompt (or any characters), there is a
connection problem. Refer to Chapter 6, “Troubleshooting
and Maintenance” for basic troubleshooting steps.
8.
If a prompt is displayed in the Hyperterminal window, you can test out
the system. Type:
HELP
... and press Enter.
~ If communications have been set up correctly, QuadView XL
responds with a list of available commands.
~ If QuadView XL does not respond, refer to Chapter 6,
“Troubleshooting and Maintenance.”
Operation via RS-232 and a terminal emulation program typically involves
issuing commands and their associated parameters.
S Example: To reduce the contrast setting for input channel 3 by 20%
below nominal (to the 80% level), type:
CON 3 80
Refer to Chapter 4, “ASCII Command Set” for a complete command list.
NETWORK CONNECTION SETUP
Use the steps in this section as a prerequisite for both Telnet control and Web
Browser control.
When connecting systems via Ethernet, the setup of communications
parameters is automatic. However, because this is a network connection, a
unique address (known as the IP address) must be set up.
For proper setup, QuadView XL requires a fixed IP address (also known as a
“static” IP address). At the factory, QuadView XL is programmed with a
default IP address, but this address must be changed if you want to use your
QuadView XL on a network.
Important
Consult your network administrator to obtain a valid IP
address before commencing the network setup procedure.
S Recommendation: If you intend to use QuadView XL directly on a
Local Area Network (LAN), change the unit’s IP address before
putting it on the network. This can be accomplished one of two ways:
~ Use the serial port to change the IP address (IPADDRess
command). Refer to the “IP Address Setup via Serial Port”
section below for details.
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~ Connect QuadView XL directly to a PC using the QuadView
XL’s Ethernet port. Refer to the “IP Address Setup via
Ethernet Port” section below for details.
IP Address Setup via Serial Port
Use the following steps to change the QuadView XL’s IP address using the
serial port:
1.
Connect the QuadView XL as outlined in the “RS-232 Serial Control
Setup” section.
2.
With communications established, type:
IPADDR
... and press Enter.
QuadView XL should respond with the current IP address. Make a
note of the address before proceeding with the next step.
3.
Type IPADDR followed by the new IP address provided to you by your
network administrator.
S Example: If the new IP address is 192.168.100.15, type:
IPADDR 192.168.100.15
... and press Enter.
4.
QuadView XL should respond with the following message:
The system must be restarted for your changes to
take effect. Do you want to restart the system
(y/n)?
~ Press “y” to restart QuadView XL and use the newly assigned
IP address.
~ Press “n” to retain the current IP address, and discard the new
address.
5.
Confirm the new setting by typing the command IPADDR. If the
QuadView XL has accepted the command, it responds with the new IP
address that you just entered.
6.
Ensure that an Ethernet cable is connected from your LAN, Ethernet
hub or switch to the QuadView XL’s 10/100 Base-T Ethernet port.
7.
Check that the Link LED on the front panel is lit. This LED glows
solid amber when there is a valid Ethernet connection between
QuadView XL and another Ethernet device. Refer to the “QuadView
XL Front Panel” section for the location of the Link LED.
8.
Start a Telnet session on your PC. (Note that a Telnet application is
provided (as standard) with Microsoft® Windows® operating
systems.) Click Start > Run to display the Run Dialog. In the
“Open” field, type
CMD
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... as shown in the sample below.
Figure 2-9. Run Dialog (Sample)
9.
Click OK to display the Command Window, a sample of which is
shown below:
Figure 2-10. Command Window (Sample)
10. In the Command Window, type TELNET followed by the QuadView
XL’s new IP Address, followed by the number 8000 (the QuadView
XL’s default port). Note that there must be a space between the IP
address and the port number (8000).
S Example: If the new IP address is 192.168.100.15, type:
TELNET 192.168.100.15 8000
... and press Enter.
At this point, the Telnet Terminal Window should start, and QuadView
XL should respond with the product name and copyright notice.
11. Confirm that you have a working Telnet connection. Type HELP and
press Enter. If communications have been set up correctly, QuadView
XL responds with a list of available commands.
This completes IP Address setup via the serial port, and subsequently,
successful commanding of the system via Telnet. Note that operation via Telnet
typically involves issuing commands and their associated parameters.
S Example: To reduce the contrast setting for input channel 3 by 20%
below nominal, type CON 3 80.
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Note
To close a Telnet session, type EXIT or use the keystroke
sequence “Control + D.”
Refer to Chapter 4, “ASCII Command Set” for a complete command list.
Please note:
•
If you will be controlling QuadView XL via Telnet, please continue
with the “Timing Adjustments” section.
•
If you will be controlling QuadView XL via the system’s internal web
browser, continue with the “Web Browser Control Setup” section.
IP Address Setup via Ethernet Port
Use the steps in this section to change the QuadView XL’s IP address using the
Ethernet port. A Telnet terminal (or “session”) should be used, and a Telnet
application is provided (as standard) with Windows operating systems. To
avoid conflicts between QuadView XL’s default IP address and your network, it
is recommended that you set up the QuadView XL by initially connecting
directly to a PC and not connecting via the network. The following procedure
assumes that you have this direct connection between PC and QuadView XL.
Use the following procedure to set up the IP address via Telnet:
1.
Using an Ethernet crossover cable, connect QuadView XL’s Ethernet
port directly to the network port of your PC.
2.
Start a Telnet session on your PC. Click Start > Run to display the
Run Dialog. In the “Open” field, type:
CMD
... as shown in the sample below.
Figure 2-11. Run Dialog (Sample)
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3.
Click OK to display the Command Window as shown below:
Figure 2-12. Command Window (Sample)
4.
In the command window, type:
TELNET 192.168.1.100 8000
... and press Enter. This is the default IP address and port number for
the QuadView XL.
At this point, the Telnet Terminal Window should start and QuadView
XL should respond with the product name and copyright notice.
Figure 2-13. QuadView XL Login (Sample)
5.
To determine the current IP address, type the command:
IPADDR
... and press Enter. QuadView XL should respond with the current IP
address. Make a note of the address for future reference.
Note
6.
If you want a complete list of product details including
other IP settings, type ID.
In the Command Window, type IPADDR followed by the QuadView
XL’s new IP Address (as provided by your network administrator).
S Example: If the new IP address is 192.168.100.15, type:
192.168.100.15 8000
... and press Enter.
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7.
QuadView XL should respond with the following message:
The system must be restarted for your changes to
take effect. Do you want to restart the system
(y/n)?
~ Press “y” to restart and use the new IP address.
~ Press “n” to retain the current IP address, and discard the new
address.
8.
If you pressed “y” in the step above, QuadView XL will restart and the
Telnet connection will be lost. Repeat steps 2 through 4 to establish a
new Telnet session, except in step 4, type the new IP address.
9.
Confirm the new setting by typing the command IPADDR and press
Enter. If the QuadView XL has accepted the command, it will
respond with the new IP address.
10. Confirm that you have a working Telnet connection. Type HELP and
press Enter. If communications have been set up correctly, QuadView
XL responds with a list of available commands, as shown below:
Figure 2-14. QuadView XL Help Screen
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Refer to Chapter 4, “ASCII Command Set” for a complete command list.
Note
To close a Telnet session, type EXIT or use the keystroke
sequence “Control + D.”
Please note:
•
If you will be controlling QuadView XL via Telnet, please continue
with the “Timing Adjustments” section.
•
If you will be controlling QuadView XL via the system’s internal web
browser, continue with the “Web Browser Control Setup” section.
WEB BROWSER CONTROL SETUP
QuadView XL’s Web Browser interface provides a graphical alternative to the
“command-based” setup and control used with serial control. This method uses
the QuadView XL’s internal Web Server, allowing you to set up and operate the
system from a standard browser.
S Please note the following important recommendations:
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•
To minimize compatibility issues between browsers, it is
recommended that you use the Internet Explorer® web browser.
•
To use QuadView XL on your LAN (Local Area Network), ensure that
the QuadView XL has an IP address that is compatible with your LAN.
•
Changes to the default IP address should be made before putting your
QuadView XL on the network. Refer to the “Network Connection
Setup” section for complete instructions.
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TIMING
. . .ADJUSTMENTS
......
For best results, the timing parameters of a signal must match the display
device. Please note:
•
For the QuadView XL output, the output settings should be set to
match the display.
•
For the QuadView XL graphics inputs, the QuadView XL input
settings should match the characteristics of the input signals.
QuadView XL system timing consists of two procedures:
•
•
Output Timing
Input Timing
The output timing procedure should be performed first, followed by the input
timing procedure.
OUTPUT TIMING
The Output Timing procedure enables you to match the QuadView XL’s
output signal to the graphic display monitor(s) that you are using. QuadView
XL generates a wide range of preset VESA-compliant output formats, and also
enables users to define custom values.
The overall procedure has three parts:
•
•
Learn the characteristics of your display monitor.
•
Use your display’s controls to center and size the image.
Load the required output format using the Output Timing Load
function.
A list of common signal types that QuadView XL supports can be found in the
“Output Format List” in Chapter 4.
Note that QuadView XL can be used with non-standard displays by entering
your own timing parameters. The first ten entries in the Output Format List are
reserved for user defined entries. The “user entry” feature is also helpful for
special applications where a preset timing parameter needs to be adjusted and
then stored in a registers. In some cases, you may also need to create your own
custom timing parameters.
Use the following steps to set up the QuadView XL’s output timing.
Note
1.
This setup procedure applies to both analog and digital
displays.
Obtain a copy of your display monitor’s operations manual or technical guide, and make a note of the following important parameters:
~ Type: Is the display monitor a CRT or LCD monitor.
~ Format: Is the display monitor Analog or Digital.
~ Resolution: Note the display monitor’s native horizontal and
vertical resolution (e.g., 1600 x 1200).
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~ Refresh rate: Note the display monitor’s optimum refresh
rate (e.g., 60Hz, 75Hz, etc.)
~ Sync: For analog monitors, note the type of Sync required
(5-wire, 4-wire or 3-wire).
~ Sync polarity: Note the preferred Sync Polarity (positive or
negative).
~ Interlace: Most graphics displays are non-interlaced, but
interlaced signals are used in some special applications. Note
the required interlace setting (interlace or non-interlace) for
your display.
2.
Review the list of output parameters in the Output Format List, and
find the set of parameters that most closely match those of your display
monitor (as you noted in step 1). Make a note of the reference ID for
this set of parameters (column 1 in the Output Format List). This ID
will be used in a subsequent step.
In Chapter 4, refer to the “Output Format List” section for a
complete list of output timing parameters.
S Example: If your monitor is VESA 800 x 600 @ 75Hz, the reference
ID is 21.
S Example: If your monitor is VESA 1280 x 1024 @ 75Hz, the
reference ID is 32.
3.
Ensure that the following connections have been made:
~ QuadView XL is properly connected to the display
monitor(s).
~ The controlling device (such as an ASCII terminal or PC) is
properly connected to the QuadView XL — either via serial
or Ethernet connection.
If required, refer to the “Installing the QuadView XL” section for
instructions.
4.
Turn on the QuadView XL.
5.
Turn on your display monitor(s).
6.
Turn on the controlling device, allowing time for it to boot up.
7.
From the PC, establish a serial (or Telnet) connection to QuadView XL
(depending upon your configuration). If required, refer to the
“Communications Setup” section for instructions.
8.
With communications properly established, turn on the color bar test
pattern. Type:
TP BARS
... and press Enter. Verify that the color bar signal is visible on your
display. At this point, however, it may not properly fit your display.
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9.
Using the Output Timing Load function, enter the ID of the timing
parameters that you selected in step 2. Type:
OPTLOAD <1...64>
... and press Enter.
S Example: If the output timing ID was 21, type OPTLOAD 21, Enter.
10. Save the selected output timing settings in a register, using the Output
Timing Save function. The next time you use the same display,
QuadView XL recalls your saved settings and uses them for the output
timing. To save settings in one of 10 available timing slots, type:
OPTS <1...10>
... and press Enter.
S Example: To save the timing parameters in register 2, type OPTS 2,
Enter.
11. Adjust the display to match QuadView XL’s output: Note:
~ For a single display, leave the display’s “auto-sync” circuitry
on. Use the display’s controls to center the test pattern, and
ensure that the entire test pattern is completely visible.
~ In some special applications, you may choose to change the
output parameters of the QuadView XL rather than using the
display adjustments. In this case you should use QuadView
XL’s Output Timing Interactive procedure to match the
display settings. Refer to the “Advanced Output Timing”
section for details.
Note
The Output Timing Interactive procedure can also be
used to “fine tune” a single display.
12. With the display adjusted, adjust the QuadView XL’s input timing
using the Input Interactive procedure. Refer to the “Input Timing”
section for instructions.
Advanced Output Timing
For most applications and timings, the steps outlined in the “Output Timing”
section are adequate for matching QuadView XL’s output to your display.
However, for greater accuracy (particularly with dual or multi-monitor
configurations), you can fine-tune output settings using the Output Timing
Interactive function.
The “interactive” mode places a cursor on screen that defines the boundaries of
the output signal (also known as the “active picture”). Unlike other QuadView
XL commands, the interactive mode is one that waits for keystrokes to position
the picture, while all other commands are locked out. Additionally, users must
“exit” the mode before normal command line interface functions can be issued.
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Use the following steps to adjust output timing interactively:
1.
Ensure that you’ve followed preliminary steps 1 through 8 in the
“Output Timing” section, and that you have selected color bars as the
QuadView XL’s test pattern output.
2.
Begin the interactive output timing procedure. Type:
Output Timing Interactive
or the short form of the command,
OPTINT
... and press Enter. A white box and cross hair appear on your output
display.
3.
Starting with the upper-left corner of the white box, use the keyboard
controls listed below to position the top left corner of the box at the top
left corner of the display monitor. Note that these adjustment
commands are case sensitive.
i = move up
m = move down
j = move left
l = move right
The goal is to position the upper left corner for maximum image
visibility, or for multi-monitor configurations, to position the corner to
precisely match the position of an adjacent monitor image.
4.
With the upper-left corner properly adjusted, use the keyboard controls
listed below to position the bottom right corner of the box at the
bottom right corner of the display monitor.
I = move up
M = move down
J = move left
L = move right
Similarly, the goal is to position the bottom right corner for maximum
visibility, or for multi-monitor configurations, to position the corner to
precisely match the position of an adjacent monitor image.
5.
To exit the function, type:
q
... and press Enter.
This returns the system to the “normal” command mode of operation.
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6.
Repeat steps 2 through 5. This repetition is necessary to accurately
fine-tune the timing parameters.
7.
Once the display is adjusted, use the Output Timing Save function to
save parameters in memory. QuadView XL allows you to save up to
ten user defined settings. These settings may then be recalled at any
time to quickly change the system’s output settings. To save settings
in one of 10 available timing slots, type:
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Output Timing Save <1...10>
or the short form,
OPTS <1...10>
... and press Enter.
S Example: To save the timing parameters in register 9, type OPTS 9,
Enter.
Every time you turn on the QuadView XL’s power, the last output setting used
will be automatically recalled. Note that if an RFD (Return to Factory Default)
is performed, your custom settings will be lost and QuadView XL will start with
the factory default output settings.
This completes the advanced output timing procedure. Please continue with the
Input Timing procedure outlined below.
INPUT TIMING
When you connect a graphics signal to a QuadView XL input, the QuadView
XL will automatically search for a match between the signal and the list of
signal types that it stores internally. This list consists of the combination of
standard VESA defined signals and user defined signals.
•
If the signal found in the list is an exact match, then no further
adjustment is needed.
•
However, if some adjustment is required, then following the
adjustment procedure the new parameters can be saved to the user list.
In this way, the next time the same signal is connected, no adjustment
will be required.
Two command methods are available for adjusting input timing on each of the
four input windows:
•
The Input Timing function is an advanced feature that enables you to
fine-tune each input by entering exact timing numbers. In Chapter 4,
refer to the “Input Commands” and “Timing Parameters” sections
for details.
•
The Input Interactive function enables you to adjust each input’s
timing interactively. Note that interactive timing applies only to
graphics inputs. This method is described below.
Use the following steps to adjust input timing interactively. The procedure
takes you through the complete adjustment for one window (including naming
and saving settings), and then asks you to repeat steps for each remaining input.
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1.
Ensure that you have a working serial (or Telnet) connection to QuadView XL (depending upon your configuration).
2.
To perform interactive input timing, ensure that the desired input
sources are connected to the appropriate QuadView XL input modules.
Connect as many inputs as required, up to 4. Refer to the “Installing
the QuadView XL” section for instructions.
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3.
Select RGB or DVI input type as required for each input using the
Input Source command. Use the following figure for reference:
DVI-1
Holes
RGB-1
Composite-1
S-Video-1
Figure 2-15. Input Channel Connectors
Type:
INSRC <input#> [RGB | DVI | COMPOSITE1 |
COMPOSITE2 | SVIDEO]
... and press Enter.
Please note the following points regarding the command’s arguments:
~ When using an RGB graphic input connected to the RGB
connector, select the RGB argument.
~ When using a digital video input connected to the DVI
connector, select the DVI argument.
S Example: If a digital (DVI) source is connected to input 2, type
INSRC 2 DVI and press Enter.
4.
To begin the input timing procedure, type:
InputInteractive <input#>
or the short form,
INI <input#>
... and press Enter. An alignment signal will appear over the selected
full screen input.
S Example: To adjust input 1 interactively, type:
INI 1
5.
Starting with the upper-left corner of the image, use the keyboard
controls listed below to position the image within the white frame.
The goal is to position the corner for maximum image visibility. Note
that these adjustment commands are case sensitive.
i = move up
m = move down
j = move left
l = move right
6.
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With the upper-left corner properly adjusted, adjust the lower-right
corner next by using these keyboard controls:
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I = move up
M = move down
J = move left
L = move right
7.
To exit the function, type:
q
... and press Enter.
This returns the system to the “normal” command mode of operation.
8.
Repeat steps 5 through 7 for the selected input. This repetition is
necessary to accurately fine-tune the timing parameters.
9.
Use the Input Name function to name the input source, up to 17
alphanumeric characters in length. Spaces are not allowed in the
name, but underscores and upper/lower case characters are OK. Type:
InputName <input#> <name>
or the short form,
INN <input#> <name>
... and press Enter.
S Example: To name input 1 “PowerPoint_1,” type:
INN 1 PowerPoint_1
10. Use the Input Save function to store the selected input’s parameters in
one of 50 slots in the Input List. These settings are recalled whenever
the signal is reapplied to the QuadView XL. Type:
InputSave <input#> <1...50>
or the short form,
INS <input#> <1...50>
... and press Enter.
S Example: To save input 1 in Input List slot 21, type:
INS 1 21
This completes the procedure for adjusting, naming and saving the
selected input.
11. Repeat steps 4 through 10 for all remaining QuadView XL inputs.
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