OV504WB User Manual(PDF-2.06MB)

OV504WB User Manual(PDF-2.06MB)
OV-504WB
USER MANUAL
Contents
1 Introduction .................................................................................. 1
1.1
Application ........................................................................... 1
1.2
Features ............................................................................... 2
1.3
Wireless Specifications ...................................................... 3
1.4
Compliance Certificates ..................................................... 4
1.5
Standards Compatibility and Compliance ....................... 4
1.6
Supported Encapsulation .................................................. 5
1.7
Environment Requirements ............................................... 5
1.8
System Requirements ........................................................ 6
1.9
Safety Cautions ................................................................... 9
1.10
LED Status Description .................................................... 10
1.10.1 Front Panel ................................................................ 10
1.10.2 Rear Panel ................................................................. 11
2 Hardware Installation ............................................................... 11
2.1
Choosing the Best Location for Wireless Operation ... 12
2.2
Connecting the ADSL Router .......................................... 13
2.3
Factory Reset Button ....................................................... 14
3 Introduction to Web Configuration.......................................... 17
3.1
Preparation Before Login................................................. 17
3.2
Logging In to the Modem ................................................. 18
3.2.1
First-Time Login ........................................................ 18
3.3
DSL Router Device Information ...................................... 19
3.3.1
Summary of Device Information ............................. 19
3.3.2
WAN Interface Information ...................................... 20
3.3.3
Statistics of LAN ........................................................ 21
3.3.4
Statistics of WAN ...................................................... 21
3.3.5
Statistics of ATM ........................................................ 22
3.3.6
Statistics of ADSL ..................................................... 22
3.3.7
Route Table Information ........................................... 26
3.3.8
ARP Table Information ............................................. 27
3.4
Advanced Setup................................................................ 27
3.4.1
WAN Configuration ................................................... 27
3.4.2
LAN Configuration .................................................... 50
3.4.3
NAT ............................................................................. 51
i
3.5
3.6
3.7
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
5
3.4.4
Security ...................................................................... 59
3.4.5
Parental Control ........................................................ 65
3.4.6
Quality of Service...................................................... 66
3.4.7
Routing ....................................................................... 78
3.4.8
DNS ............................................................................ 81
3.4.9
DSL ............................................................................. 83
3.4.10 IPSec .......................................................................... 84
3.4.11 Certificate ................................................................... 85
Wireless.............................................................................. 88
3.5.1
Wireless LAN Basics ................................................ 89
3.5.2
Wireless – Basic ....................................................... 92
3.5.3
Wireless – Security ................................................... 94
3.5.4
Wireless - MAC Filter ............................................. 104
3.5.5
Wireless – Bridge.................................................... 105
3.5.6
Wireless – Advanced.............................................. 106
3.5.7
Wireless -- Authenticated Stations ....................... 109
Diagnostics ...................................................................... 110
Management.................................................................... 111
3.7.1
Settings .................................................................... 111
3.7.2
System Log .............................................................. 113
3.7.3
TR-069 Client .......................................................... 115
3.7.4
Internet Time............................................................ 116
3.7.5
Access Control ........................................................ 117
3.7.6
Update Software ..................................................... 119
3.7.7
Save/Reboot ............................................................ 120
Networking Topology .............................................................. 121
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) Mode ..................................... 121
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Mode .............................. 123
MER + DHCP Mode ....................................................... 124
IP over ATM (IPoA) + NAT Mode .................................. 126
Leased Line Mode .......................................................... 128
Q&A .......................................................................................... 129
ii
1 Introduction
The Router is a highly ADSL2+ Integrated Access Device and can support ADSL
link with downstream up to 24 Mbps and upstream up to 1 Mbps. It is designed to
provide a simple and cost-effective ADSL Internet connection for a private Ethernet
or 802.11g/802.11b wireless network. The Router combines high-speed ADSL
Internet connection, IP routing for the LAN and wireless connectivity in one
package. It is usually preferred to provide high access performance applications for
the individual users, the SOHOs, and the small enterprises.
The Router is easy to install and use. The Modem connects to an Ethernet LAN or
computers via standard Ethernet ports. The ADSL connection is made using
ordinary telephone line with standard connectors. Multiple workstations can be
networked and connected to the Internet by a single Wide Area Network (WAN)
interface and single global IP address. The advanced security enhancements,
packet filtering and port redirection, can help protect your network from potentially
devastating intrusions by malicious agents from outside your network.
Network and Router management is done through the web-based management
interface that can be accessed through the local Ethernet using any web browser.
You may also enable remote management to enable configuration of the Router via
the WAN interface.
The embedded 802.11g wireless access point provides Internet access and
connectivity to the Ethernet for 802.11g and 802.11b wireless workstations. IEEE
802.11g is fully compatible with IEEE 802.11b wireless devices. The 802.11g
standard supports data transfer with rate up to 54 Mbps. The wireless access point
of router supports common security protocols that are used for wireless LAN
including 64/128 bits WEP encryption, 802.1x, WPA and WPA2.
1.1 Application





Home gateway
SOHOs
Small enterprises
TV over IP (IPTV)
Higher data rate broadband sharing
1
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


Shared broadband internet access
Audio and video streaming and transfer
PC file and application sharing
Network and online gaming
1.2 Features




















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

ADSL2+ interface complied with G.dmt, G.lite, T1.413, G.992.3
(ADSL/ADSL2), G.992.5(ADSL2+), Annex A, Annex L.
Hardware ATM segmentation & reassembly engine with CBR, rt- VBR,
nrt-VBR, UBR- with-PCR, UBR
4 x 10/100BASE-T/TX Ethernet switch ports
IEEE802.11 b/g compatible Wireless Access Point
Support 64/128-bit WEP, 802.1x, WPA, and WPA2 for wireless security
Telnet, HTTP Web Management, TFTP, FTP for Firmware Upgrade
VPN Pass Through on L2TP, PPTP, IPSec
Transparent Bridging among 10/100 Mbps Ethernet and 802.11g wireless
LAN
Configuration file backup and restore
Simple web based status page displays a snapshot of your system
configuration, and links to the configuration pages.
Support DHCP server/client/relay
Support self-learning bridge (IEEE 802.1D Transparent Bridging)
Support 64 learning MAC addresses at least
Support IP source and destination routing
Support address Filtering, UPnP, NAT, NAPT, DMZ, IP QoS
Supporting up to 16 PVCs
Support ATM forum UNI3.0, 3.1 and 4.0 Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs)
Support ITU-T i.610F4/F5 OAM
Command Line Interface via serial port, telnet, or ssh
Date/time update from SNTP Internet Time Server
Three level login including local admin, local user and remote technical
support access
Service access control based on incoming interface: WAN or LAN
Protect DOS attacks from WAN/LAN: SYN flooding, IP surfing, ping of Death,
fraggle,- UDP ECHO (port 7) , teardrop, land.
2












PAP (RFC1334), CHAP (RFC1994), MSCHAP for PPP session.
Support auto channeling for wireless
Support a main SSID and a guest SSID for wireless
Support RTS/CTS, Segment function for wireless
Support STA Mutual isolation for wireless
Support SES for wireless
support WDS for wireless
Support Hide SSID for wireless
Support MAC Access/Deny List for wireless
WMM support for wireless
PRE 54M: -66 dBm@10%PER; 11M: -80 dBm@8%PER for wireless
Industry standard and interoperable DSL interface
1.3 Wireless Specifications
Item
Description
Network Standard
 IEEE 802.11b
 IEEE 802.11g
Frequency Range
2.40 GHz~2.4835 GHz ISM Band
Modulation
 802.11b: DBPSK, DQPS, CCK
 802.11g: BPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
RF Power
20 dBm (Max). Typ. 18 dBm @Normal Temp Range,
802.11g: Typ. 15 dBm @ Normal Temp Range
Access User
Quantity
50 Pcs~80 Pcs/AP (Proposal)
Channels
 11 (US and Canada)
 13 (Europe and China)
 14 (Japan)
Auto-sensing
Data Rate
 802.11.b: 1 Mbps, 2 Mbps, 5.5 Mbps,
11 Mbps
 802.11g: 6 Mbps, 9 Mbps, 12 Mbps,
18 Mbps, 24 Mbps, 36 Mbps, 48
Mbps, 54 Mbps
1 Mbps
DBPSK @ 0.81 Mbps
AP Capacity
Payload Rate
3
Item
Description
2 Mbps
DQPSK @ 1.58 Mbps
5.5 Mbps
CCK @ 4.07 Mbps
6 Mbps
BPSK @ 4.64 Mbps
9 Mbps
BPSK @ 6.55 Mbps
11 Mbps
CCK @ 7.18 Mbps
12 Mbps
BPSK @ 8.31 Mbps
18 Mbps
QPSK @ 11.5 Mbps
24 Mbps
6QAM @ 14.18 Mbps
36 Mbps
16QAM @ 18.31 Mbps
48 Mbps
64QAM @ 23.25 Mbps
54 Mbps
64QAM @ 26.12 Mbps
Security
64-bit/128-bit WEP, 802.1x, WPA, WPA2
User Isolation
MAC Level
MAC Filter
 Eth Interface MAC Filter: Support
 Vacancy MAC Filter: Support
Authentication
 DHCP Client & Static IP: Support
 802.1X and Radius Client: Support
 DHCP Server: Support
Radio Cover Rage
 Outdoor: 120m~400m
 Indoor: 35m~100m
Antenna Type
Internal Diversity with Connector. 2 dBi
1.4 Compliance Certificates


FCC Class B
CE Mark
1.5 Standards Compatibility and Compliance



RFC 2684 multi-protocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5
RFC1483 Multi-protocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5
RFC2364 PPP over ATM ALL5 (PPPoA)
4
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
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





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





RFC2516 PPP Over Ethernet (PPPoE)
RFC1662 PPP in HDLC-like Framing
RFC1332 PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol
RFC1577/2225 Classical IP and ARP over ATM (IPoA)
RFC1483R
RFC894 A Standard for the Transmission of IP Datagrams over Ethernet
Networks
RFC1042 A standard for the Transmission of IP Datagrams over IEEE 802
Networks
MER (a.k.a IP over Ethernet over AAL5)
Support ALG (Application Level Gateways)
ITU G.992.1 (G.dmt)
ITU G.992.2 (G.lite)
ITU G.994.1 (G.hs)
ITU G.992.3 (ADSL2)
ITU G.992.5 (ADSL2+)
ANSI T1.413 issue 2
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3u
IEEE 802.11b
IEEE 802.11g
1.6 Supported Encapsulation





RFC 1483 bridge
RFC 1483 Router
Classical IP over ATM (RFC 1577)
PPP over ATM (RFC 2364)
PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516)
1.7 Environment Requirements




Operating temperature: 0ºC~40ºC (32ºF to 104ºF)
Storage temperature: -20ºC~70ºC (-4ºF to 158ºF)
Operating humidity: 10%~95%, non-condensing
Storage humidity: 5%~95%, non-condensing
5
1.8 System Requirements
Recommended system requirements are as follows:

Pentium 233 MHZ or above

Memory: 64 Mbps or above

10M Base-T Ethernet or above

Windows 9x, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows ME, Windows NT

Ethernet network interface card
The following information is very helpful for your ADSL configuration. To keep a
record for reference, fill in the column as follows.
Collect the following information from your ADSL service provider.
Item
Description
Enter
Information in
This Column
VPI
Most users are not required to change
this setting. The virtual path identifier
(VPI) is used in conjunction with the
virtual channel identifier (VCI) to identify
the data path between the network of
your ADSL service provider and your
computer. If you set up the Router for
multiple virtual connections, you need to
configure the VPI and VCI as instructed
by your ADSL service provider for
additional connections. You can change
this setting by accessing the WAN menu
of the web management interface.
VCI
Most users are not required to change
this setting. The VCI used in conjunction
with the VPI to identify the data path
between the network of your ADSL
service provider and your computer. If
you set up the Router for multiple virtual
connections, you need to configure the
VPI and VCI as instructed by your ADSL
service
provider
for
additional
6
Item
Description
connections. You can change this setting
by accessing the WAN menu of the web
management interface.
This is the method your ADSL service
provider uses to transmit data between
the Internet and your computer. Most
users use the default PPPoE/PPPoA
connection type. The Setup Wizard can
be used to configure a PPPoE/PPPoA
connection type. You may need to specify
Connection
one of the following connection types:
and
PPPoE LLC, PPPoA LLC and PPPoA
Encapsulation VC-MUX. Other available connections
Type
and encapsulation combinations must be
configured by using the Web manager.
These include the Bridge Mode (1483
Bridged IP LLC or 1483 Bridged IP
VC-MUX), Static IP (Bridged IP LLC,
1483 Bridged IP VC-MUX, 1483 Routed
IP LLC, 1483 Routed IP VC-MUX or
IPoA), etc.
Username
This is the user name used to log in to the
network of your ADSL service provider. It
is usually in the form of user@isp.com.
Your ADSL service provider uses this to
identify your account.
Password
This is the password used, in conjunction
with the user name previously mentioned,
to log in to the network of your ADSL
service provider. It is used to verify the
identity of your account.
7
Enter
Information in
This Column
Necessary information about your DSL Router Residential Gateway is as follows.
Item
LAN
IP
addresses
for
the
DSL
Router
LAN
Subnet
Mask for
the DSL
Router
Description
Enter
Information in
This Column
This is the IP address you enter in the
Address field in the Web browser to access
the configuration graphical user interface
(GUI) of the gateway. The default IP address
is 192.168.1.1 and it is referred to as the
“Management IP” address in this User
Manual. You can change this to suit any
desired IP address scheme. This address is
the basic IP address used for DHCP service
on the LAN when DHCP is enabled.
This is the subnet mask used by the DSL
Router, and is used throughout your LAN.
The default subnet mask is 255.255.255.0.
You can change it later.
This is the user name used to access the
management interface of the gateway, when
Username you attempt to connect to the device through
a web browser. The default username of the
Router is admin. It cannot be changed.
This is the password required when you
access the management interface of the
Password
gateway. The default password is admin. It
cannot be changed.
Necessary information about your LAN or computer is as follows.
Item
Description
If your computer has an Ethernet NIC, you can
connect the DSL Router to this Ethernet port
Ethernet
using an Ethernet cable. You can also use the
NIC
Ethernet ports on the DSL Router to connect to
other computer or Ethernet devices.
8
Enter
Information in
This Column
Item
DHCP
Client
status
Description
Enter
Information in
This Column
By default, your DSL Router Residential
Gateway is configured as a DHCP server. This
means that it can assign an IP address, a
subnet mask, and a default gateway address
to computers on your LAN. The default range
of IP addresses that the DSL Router assigns is
from 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254. You need
to set your computer (or computers) to Obtain
an IP address automatically (that is, to set
computers as DHCP clients.)
1.9 Safety Cautions
Follow the announcements below to protect the device from risks and damage
caused by fire and electric power.

Use volume labels to mark the type of power.

Use the power adapter that is packed within the device package.

Pay attention to the power load of the outlet or prolonged lines. An
overburden power outlet or damaged lines and plugs may cause electric
shock or fire accident. Check the power cords regularly. If you find any
damage, replace it at once.

Proper space left for heat radiation is necessary to avoid any damage
caused by overheating to the device. The holes are designed for heat
radiation to ensure that the device works normally. Do not cover these heat
radiant holes.

Do not put this device close to a place where a heat source exits or high
temperature occurs. Avoid the device from direct sunshine.

Do not put this device close to a place where is over damp or watery. Do not
spill any fluid on this device.

Do not connect this device to any PC or electronic product, unless our
customer engineer or your broadband provider instructs you to do this,
9

because any wrong connection may cause any power or fire risk.
Do not place this device on an unstable surface or support.
1.10
LED Status Description
1.10.1 Front Panel
Indicator
Status
Description
Off
The power is off.
Green
The power is on and the device operates
normally.
The power is self-testing.
Power
Red
The device enters the console mode of
the boot loader.
The self-testing of the power fails if the
LED is always red.
DSL
Blink Red
Upgrading software.
Off
No signal is detected.
Slow Blink Green
The DSL line is transferring.
Fast Blink Green
The DSL line is training.
Green
The DSL line connection is established.
Off
No PPPoA or PPPoE connection
Green
The PPPoA or PPPoE connection is
established. The users can access the
Internet.
Red
Device attempts to become IP connected
but fails (no DHCP response, no PPPoE
response, PPPoE authentication failed,
no IP address from IPCP, etc.)
Internet
10
Indicator
Ethernet
WLAN
Status
Description
Off
No Ethernet signal is detected.
Blink Green
The user data is passing through Ethernet
port.
Green
Ethernet interface is ready to work
Off
No radio signal is detected.
Blink Green
The user data is passing through WLAN
port.
Green
WLAN interface is ready to work.
1.10.2 Rear Panel
Interface
Description
ANT
Wireless antenna
LINE
RJ-11 port, using the telephone line to connect the modem
with the ADSL cable or splitter.
Ethernet
1~4
RJ-45 port, connect the modem to a PC or other network
device.
PWR
Power supplied port, plug in for power adapter that the power
input is 12V DC, 1 A.
Reset
To restore the factory default, keep the device powered on
and push a needle into the hole. Press down the button about
3 seconds and then release.
Power switch
2 Hardware Installation
The DSL Router has three separate interfaces, an Ethernet LAN, a wireless LAN
and an ADSL (WAN) interfaces. Place the Router in a location where it can be
connected to the various devices as well as to a power source. The Router should
11
not be located where it is exposed to moisture or excessive heat. Ensure that
cables and the power cord are placed safely out of the way so they do not create a
tripping hazard. As with any electrical appliance, observe common sense safety
procedures.
The Router can be placed on a shelf or desktop, ideally you should be able to see
the LED indicators in the front, as you may need to view them for troubleshooting.
2.1
Choosing the Best Location for Wireless
Operation
Many environmental factors may affect the effective wireless function of the DSL
Router. If this is the first time that you set up a wireless network device, read the
following information.
The access point can be placed on a shelf or desktop, ideally you should be able to
see the LED indicators in the front, as you may need to view them for
troubleshooting.
Designed to go up to 100 meters indoors and up to 300 meters outdoors, wireless
LAN lets you access your network from anywhere you want. However, the numbers
of walls, ceilings, or other objects that the wireless signals must pass through limit
signal range. Typical ranges vary depending on types of materials and background
RF noise in your home or business. For optimum range and signal strength, use
these basic guidelines.

Keep the numbers of walls and ceilings to the minimum:
The signal emitted from wireless LAN devices can penetrate through ceilings
and walls. However, each wall or ceiling can reduce the range of wireless
LAN devices from 1 ~ 30 miters. Position your wireless devices so that the
number of walls or ceilings obstructing the signal path is minimized.

Consider the direct line between access points and workstations:
A wall that is 0.5 meters thick, at a 45-degree angle appears to be almost 1
meter thick. At a 2-degree angle, it appears over 14 meters thick. Be careful
to position access points and client adapters so the signal can travel straight
through (90ºangle) a wall or ceiling for better reception.

Building materials make difference:
Buildings constructed using metal framing or doors can reduce effective
range of the device. If possible, position wireless devices so that their
12



signals can pass through drywall or open doorways. Avoid positioning them
in the way that their signal must pass through metallic materials. Poured
concrete walls are reinforced with steel while cinderblock walls generally
have little or no structural steel.
Position the antenna for best reception:
Play around with the antenna position to see if signal strength improves.
Some adapters or access points allow you to judge the strength of the
signal.
Keep your product away (at least 1~2 meters) from electrical devices:
Keep wireless devices away from electrical devices that generate RF noise
such as microwave ovens, monitors, electric motors, etc.
2.2 Connecting the ADSL Router

See the following figure. Connect the DSL port of the DSL Router with a
telephone cable.

Connect the LAN port of the DSL Router to the network card of the PC via an
Ethernet cable.

Plug one end of the power adapter to the wall outlet and connect the other
end to the PWR port of the DSL Router.
The following figure displays the connection of the DSL Router, PC, and
telephones.
13
2.3 Factory Reset Button
The Router may be reset to the original factory default settings by depressing the
reset button for a few seconds while the device is powered on. Use a ballpoint or
paperclip to gently push down the reset button. Remember that this wipes out any
settings stored in the flash memory, including user account information and LAN IP
settings. The device settings are restored to the following factory defaults: the IP
address is 192.168.1.1, subnet mask is 255.255.255.0, user name for
management is admin, and password is admin.
14
3 Introduction to Web Configuration
The first time you setup the Router. It is recommended that you configure the WAN
connection using a single computer, to ensure that both the computer and the
Router are not connected to the LAN. Once the WAN connection operates properly,
you may continue to make changes to Router configuration, including IP settings
and DHCP setup. This chapter is concerned with using your computer to configure
the WAN connection. The following chapter describes the various menus used to
configure and monitor the Router, including how to change IP settings and DHCP
server setup.
3.1 Preparation Before Login
Before accessing the Modem, ensure the communication between PC and Modem
is normal. Check the communication as follows.

Configure the IP address of the PC as 192.168.1.X (2~254), net mask as 255.
255.255.0, gateway address as 192. 168.1.1 (for customized version,
configure them according to the actual version).

Enter arp -a in the DOS window to check whether the PC can read the MAC
address of the Modem.

Ping the management IP address (192.168.1.1 by default) of the Modem.
17
If the PC can read the MAC address of the Modem and can ping through the
management IP address of the Modem, that means the communication of the PC
and the Modem is normal.
Note: When you manage the Modem through Web, you must keep the Modem
power on. Otherwise, the Modem may be damaged.
3.2 Logging In to the Modem
The following description is a detail “How-To” user guide and is prepared for first
time users.
3.2.1
First-Time Login
When you log in to the DSL Router for the first time, the login wizard appears.
Step 1 Open a Web browser on your computer.
Step 2 Enter http://192.168.1.1 (DSL router default IP address) in the address bar.
The login page appears.
Step 3 Enter a user name and the password. The default username and password
of the super user are admin and admin. The username and password of
the common user are user and user. You need not enter the username
and password again if you select the option Remember my password.
It is recommended to change these default values after logging in to the
DSL router for the first time.
Step 4 Click OK to log in or click Cancel to exit the login page.
18
After logging in to the DSL router as a super user, you can query, configure, and
modify all configurations, and diagnose the system.
You need to reboot the DSL router to enable your modification or configuration
effective in some cases, for example, after you modify the PVC configuration.
Some modification, such as adding a static route, takes effect at once, and does
not require modem reboot.
3.3 DSL Router Device Information
Click Device Info and you can view the following information.

Summary

WAN

Statistics

Route

ARP

DHCP
3.3.1
Summary of Device Information
Click Summary and the following interface appears.
19



LAN IPv4 Address: the management IP address.
Default Gateway: In the bridging mode there is no gateway. In other modes,
it is the address of the uplink equipment, for example, PPPOE/PPPOA.
DNS Server: In the PPPoE / PPPoA mode, it is obtained from the uplink
equipment. In the bridging mode, there is no DNS Server address and you
can manually enter the information.
3.3.2
WAN Interface Information
Click WAN and the following page appears. The WAN Info page displays the
status and the connect or disconnect button, depending on the selected connection
mode.
20
3.3.3
Statistics of LAN
Choose Statistics > LAN and the following page appears. You can query
information of packets recevied at the Ethernet and wireless interfaces. Click
Reset Statistics to restore the values to zero and recount them.
3.3.4
Statistics of WAN
Click Statistics > WAN and the following page appears. You can query information
of packets recevied at the WAN interfaces. Click Reset Statistics to restore the
values to zero and recount them.
21
3.3.5
Statistics of ATM
Click Statistics > ATM and the following page appears. You can query information
of packets recevied at the ATM interfaces. Click Reset to restore the values to zero
and recount them.
3.3.6
Statistics of ADSL
Click Statistics > ADSL and the following page appears.
If the DSL line is activated, the window shows as follows.
22
Click Reset Statistics at the bottom to restore the values to zero and recount
them.
23
3.3.6.1
ADSL BER Test
Click ADSL BER Test to perform a bit error rate (BER) test on the DSL line. The
test page is as follows.
The Tested Time (sec) can be 1, 5, 10, 20, 60, 120, 180, 240, 300, or 360. Select
a time and click Start. The following pages appear.
24
25
Note: If the BER reaches e-5, you cannot access the Internet.
3.3.7
Route Table Information
Click Route, and if the system is in the default configuration, the following page
appears.
26
If the configuration of modem is as PPPoE/PPPoA dial-up, the page shows
different.
3.3.8
ARP Table Information
Click ARP and the following page appears. You can query the MAC and IP address
information of the equipment attached to the modem.
3.4 Advanced Setup
3.4.1
WAN Configuration
Click Advanced Setup > WAN, and the following page appears, so you can modify
and configure the WAN interface.
27
Note: After a PVC is deleted or modified, the system must be rebooted. Otherwise,
the modification does not take effect.
Click Add, Edit, or Remove to configure WAN interface.
Click Save/Reboot to save the modification, and reboot the modem to make the
modification effective.
The section shows you how to add PVC.
3.4.1.1
PPPoE Configuration
This section describes the procedure for adding PVC 8/35 (PPPoE mode).
Step 1 Click Add and the following page appears. In this page, you can modify
VPI/VCI, service categories, and QoS.

VPI: Virtual path between two points in an ATM network. Its valid value range
is from 0 to 255.

VCI: Virtual channel between two points in an ATM network. Its valid value
range is from 32 to 65535 (1 to 31 are reserved for known protocols).

Service Category: UBR Without PCR/UBR With PCR/CBR/Non Realtime
VBR/Realtime VBR.

Enable Quality Of Service: Enable or disable QoS.
In this example, PVC 8/35 is to be modified and the default values of service
category remain. In actual applications, you can modify them as required.
After proper modifications, click Next and the following page appears.
Step 2 In this page, you can modify the Internet connection type and
encapsulation type.
28
Change the connection type of PVC 8/35 to PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) and set
the Encapsulation Mode to LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING (according to the uplink
equipment).
Enable the 802.1q VLAN tag value.
Note: that 802.1q VLAN tagging is only available for PPPoE, MER, and Bridge.
Click Next and the following page appears.
Step 3 In this page, you can modify the PPP user name, PPP password,
authentication method, and so on.
29
PPP Username: The correct user name that your ISP provides to you.
PPP Password: The correct password that your ISP provides to you.
PPPoE Service Name: If your ISP provides it to you, please enter it. If not, do not
enter any information.
Authentication Method: The value can be AUTO, PAP, CHAP, or MSCHAP.
Usually, you can select AUTO.
Dial on demand (with idle timeout timer): If this function is enabled, you need to
enter the idle timeout time. Within the preset minutes, if the modem does not detect
the flow of the user continuously, the modem automatically stops the PPPOE
connection. Once it detects the flow (like access to a webpage), the modem
restarts the PPPOE dialup.
If this function is disabled, the modem performs PPPOE dial-up all the time. The
PPPOE connnection does not stop, unless the modem is powered off and DSLAM
or uplink equipment is abnormal.
PPP IP extension: If this function is enabled, the WAN IP address obtained by the
modem through built-in dial-up can be directly assigned to the PC being attached
to the modem (at this time, the modem connects to only one PC). From the aspect
of the PC user, the PC dials up to obtain an IP addres. But actually, the dial-up is
done by the modem.
If this function is disabled, the modem itself obtains the WAN IP address.
30
Use Static IP Address: If this function is disabled, the modem obtains an IP
address assigned by an uplink equipment such as BAS, through PPPoE dial-up.If
this function is enabled, the modem uses this IP address as the WAN IP address.
After entering the PPP user name and password, click Next and the following page
appears.
In this page, you can modify the service name, and enable or disable the IGMP
multicast and WAN service.
Enable IGMP Multicast: IGMP proxy. For example, if you wish that the PPPoE
mode supports IPTV, enable this function.
Enable WAN Service: Enable it, unless you do not want to active the PVC.
Click Next and the following page appears.
This page shows all the configuration. You can view the default values of NAT
enable and Firewall enable.
31
To save the settings, click Save. To make any modifications, click Back. After you
click Save, the following page appears.
Note: You need to reboot the modem to activate this WAN interface and further
configure services in this interface.
32
3.4.1.2
PPPoA Configuration
This section describes the procedure for adding PVC 8/35 (PPPOA mode). Click
Add and the following page appears. In this page, you can modify VPI/VCI, service
categories, and QoS.
In this example, PVC 8/35 is to be modified and the default values of service
category remain. In actual applications, you can modify them as required.
After proper modifications, click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the Internet Connection Type and Encapsulation Type.
33
Change the connection type of PVC 8/35 to PPP over ATM (PPPoA) and set the
Encapsulation Mode to VC/MUX (according to the uplink equipment). Click Next
and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the PPP Username, PPP Password, Authentication
Method, and so on.
34
After entering the PPP user name and password, click Next and the following page
appears.
In this page, you can modify the service name, and enable or disable the IGMP
multicast and WAN service.
35
Click Next and the following page appears.
This page shows all the configuration. You can view the default values of NAT
enable and Firewall enable.
To save the settings, click Save. To make any modifications, click Back. After you
click Save, the following page appears.
Note: You need to reboot the modem to activate this WAN interface and further
configure services in this interface.
3.4.1.3
MER Configuration
This section describes the procedure for adding PVC 8/35 (MER mode).
36
Click Add and the following page appears. In this page, you can modify VPI/VCIs,
service categories and QoS.
In this example, PVC 8/35 is to be modified and the default values of service
category remain. In actual applications, you can modify them as required.
After proper modifications, click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the Internet connection type and encapsulation type.
Change the connection type of PVC 8/35 to MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER)
and set the Encapsulation Mode to LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING (according to the
uplink equipment).
37
Click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the WAN IP address, default gateway, and DNS server
settings.
38
Obtain an IP address automatically: The modem obtains a (WAN) IP address
automatically and at this time it enables DHCP client functions. The WAN IP
address is obtained from the uplink equipment like BAS and the uplink equipment
is required to enable the DHCP server functions.
Use the following IP address: If you want to manually enter the WAN IP address,
select this check box and enter the information in the field.
WAN IPv4 Address: Enter the IP address of the WAN interface provided by your
ISP.
WAN Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask concerned to the IP address of the
WAN interface provided by your ISP.
Obtain default gateway automatically: Obtain the IP address of the default
gateway assigned by the uplink equipment such as BAS.
Use the following default gateway: If you want to manually enter the IP address
of the default gateway, select this check box and enter the information in the fields.
Use IPv4 Address: Enter the gateway of the WAN interface provided by your ISP.
Use WAN Interface: As to BAS equipment, it is the IP address of the downlink
interface.
Obtain DNS server address automatically: To obtain the IP address of the DNS
server assigned by the uplink equipment such as BAS.
39
Use the following DNS server addresses: If you want to manually enter the IP
address of the DNS server, select this check box and enter the information in the
fields.
Primary DNS server: Enter the IP address of the primary DNS server.
Secondary DNS server: Enter the IP address of the secondary DNS server
provided by your ISP.
After proper modifications, click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the service name, and enable or disable the NAT,
firewall, IGMP multicast, and WAN service.
Enable NAT: Select it to enable the NAT functions of the modem. If you do not
want to enable NAT and wish the modem user to access the Internet normally, you
must add a route on the uplink equipment. Otherwise, the access to the Internet
fails. It is normal to enable NAT.
Enable Firewall: Enable or disable IP filtering.
Enable IGMP Multicast: IGMP proxy. For example, if you wish that the MER mode
supports IPTV, enable this function.
Enable WAN Service: Enable it, unless you do not want to active the PVC.
40
Click Next and the following page appears.
This page shows all the configuration.
To save the settings, click Save. To make any modifications, click Back. After you
click Save, the following page appears.
Note: You need to reboot the modem to activate this WAN interface and further
configure services in this interface.
41
3.4.1.4
IPoA Configuration
This section describes the procedure for adding PVC 8/35 (IPoA mode).
Click Add and the following page appears. In this page, you can modify VPI/VCIs,
service categories, and QoS.
In this example, PVC 8/35 is to be modified and the default values of service
category remain. In actual applications, you can modify them as required.
After proper modifications, click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the Internet connection type and encapsulation type.
Change the connection type of PVC 8/35 to IP over ATM (IPoA) and set the
Encapsulation Mode to LLC/SNAP-ROUTING (according to the uplink
equipment).
42
Click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the WAN IP, default gateway, and DNS server
settings.
43
WAN IP Address: Enter the IP address of the WAN interface provided by your ISP.
WAN Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask concerned to the IP address of the
WAN interface provided by your ISP.
Use the following default gateway: If you want to manually enter the IP address
of the default gateway, select this check box and enter the information in the fields.
Use IP Address: Enter the gateway of the WAN interface provided by your ISP.
Use WAN Interface: As to BAS equipment, it is the IP address of the downlink
interface.
Use the following DNS server addesses: If you want to manually enter the IP
address of the DNS server, select this check box and enter the information in the
fields.
Primary DNS server: Enter the IP address of the primary DNS server.
Secondary DNS server: Enter the IP address of the secondary DNS server
provided by your ISP.
After proper modifications, click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the service name, and enable or disable the NAT,
firewall, IGMP multicast, and WAN service.
44
Enable NAT: Select it to enable the NAT functions of the modem. If you do not
want to enable NAT and wish the modem user to access the Internet normally, you
must add a route on the uplink equipment. Otherwise, the access to the Internet
fails. Normally, NAT should be enabled.
Enable Firewall: Enable or disable IP filtering.
Enable IGMP Multicast: IGMP proxy. For example, if you wish that the IPoA mode
supports IPTV, enable this function.
Enable WAN Service: Enable it, unless you do not want to active the PVC.
Click Next and the following page appears.This page shows all the configuration.
45
To save the settings, click Save. To make any modifications, click Back. After you
click Save, the following page appears.
Note: You need to reboot to the modem to activate this WAN interface and further
configure services in this interface.
3.4.1.5
Bridge Configuration
This section describes the procedure for adding PVC 8/35 (IPoA mode).
Click Add, and the following page appears. In this page, you can modify VPI/VCIs,
service categories, and QoS.
46
In this example, PVC 8/35 is to be modified and the default values of service
category remain. In actual applications, you can modify them as required.
After proper modifications, click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the Internet connection type and encapsulation type.
47
Click Next and the following page appears.
In this page, you can modify the service name.
48
Enable Bridge Service: Enable it, unless you do not want to active the PVC.
Click Next and the following page appears.
This page shows all the configuration.
To save the settings, click Save. To make any modifications, click Back. After you
click Save, the following page appears.
Note: You need to reboot the modem to activate this WAN interface and further
configure services in this interface.
49
3.4.2
LAN Configuration
In this interface, you can modify and configure IP Address and DHCP Server.
If the mode is bridge, the interface shows as below.
Enable IGMP Snooping: It is used to Bridge mode.
If the mode is router, the interface shows as follows.
50
3.4.3
3.4.3.1
NAT
Overview
Setting up the NAT Function

The DSL router is equipped with the network address translation (NAT)
function. With address mapping, several users in the local network can
access the Internet via one or more public IP addresses. All the local IP
addresses are assigned to the public IP address of the router by default.

One of the characteristics of NAT is that data from the Internet is not allowed
into the local network unless it is explicitly requested by one of the PCs in the
network. Most Internet applications can run behind the NAT firewall without
any problems. For example, if you request Internet pages or send and
receive e-mails, the request for data from the Internet comes from a PC in
the local network, and so the router allows the data to pass through. The
router opens one specific port for the application. A port in this context is an
internal PC address, via which the data is exchanged between the Internet
and a client on a PC in the local network. Communicating via a port is
subject to the rules of a particular protocol (TCP or UDP).

If an external application tries to send a call to a PC in the local network, the
router blocks it. There is no open port via which the data could enter the local
network. Some applications, such as games on the Internet, require several
links (that is. several ports), so that players can communicate with each
other. In addition, these applications must also be permitted to send
requests from other users on the Internet to users in the local network.
These applications cannot run if NAT is activated.

Using port forwarding (the forwarding of requests to particular ports), the
router is forced to send requests from the Internet for a certain service, for
example, a game, to the appropriate port(s) on the PC on which the game is
running. Port triggering is a special variant of port forwarding. Unlike port
forwarding, the DSL router forwards the data from the port block to the PC
which has previously sent data to the Internet via a certain port (trigger port).
This means that approval for the data transfer is not tied to one specific PC
in the network, but rather to the port numbers of the required Internet service.
Where configuration is concerned, you must define a so-called trigger port
for the application and also the protocol (TCP or UDP) that this port uses.
51
You then assign the public ports that are to be opened for the application to
this trigger port. The router checks all outgoing data for the port number and
protocol. If it identifies a match of port and protocol for a defined trigger port,
then it opens the assigned public ports and notes the IP address of the PC
that sent the data. If data comes back from the Internet via one of these
public ports, the router allows it to pass through and directs it to the
appropriate PC. A trigger event always comes from a PC within the local
network. If a trigger port is addressed from outside, the router simply ignores
it.
Note:

An application that is configured for port triggering can only be run by one
user in the local network at a time.

After public ports are opened, they can be used by unauthorized persons to
gain access to a PC in the local network.

When the DSL router is supplied, the NAT function is activated. For example,
all IP addresses of PCs in the local network are converted to the public IP
address of the router when accessing the Internet. You can use NAT settings
to configure the DSL router to carry out the following tasks.

For functions described as follows, IP addresses of the PCs must remain
unchanged. If the IP addresses of the PCs are assigned via the DHCP
server of the DSL router, you must disable DHCP server as the settings in
the local network menu entry for the lease time or assign static IP addresses
for the PCs.
You can enable or disenable the NAT function. By default, the NAT function is
enabled.
3.4.3.2
NAT-Virtual Server Setup
By default, DSL router blocks all external users from connecting to or
communicating with your network. Therefore, the system is safe from hackers who
may try to intrude into the network and damage it.
However, you may want to expose your network to the Internet in limited and
controlled ways in order to enable some applications to work from the LAN (for
example, game, voice, and chat applications) and to enable Internet access to
servers in the home network. The port forwarding feature supports both
functionalities. This topic is also referred as Local Servers.
52
The port forwarding page is used to define applications that require special
handling by DSL router. All you need to do is to select the application protocol and
the local IP address of the computer that is using or providing the service. If
required, you may add new protocols in addition to the most common ones
provided by DSL router.
For example, if you wanted to use a file transfer protocol (FTP) application on one
of your PCs, you would simply select FTP from the list and enter the local IP
address or host name of the designated computer. All FTP-related data arriving at
DSL router from the Internet henceforth is forwarded to the specific computer.
Similarly, you can grant Internet users access to servers inside your home network,
by identifying each service and the PC that provide it. This is useful, for example, if
you want to host a Web server inside your home network.
When an Internet user points his/her browser to DSL router external IP address,
the gateway forwards the incoming HTTP request to your Web server. With one
external IP address (DSL router main IP address), different applications can be
assigned to your LAN computers, however each type of application is limited to use
one computer.
For example, you can define that FTP uses address X to reach computer A and
Telnet also uses address X to reach computer A. But attempting to define FTP to
use address X to reach both computer A and B fails. DSL router, therefore,
provides the ability to add additional public IP addresses to port forwarding rules,
which you must obtain from your ISP, and enter into the IP addresses pool. Then,
you can define FTP to use address X to reach computer A and address Y to reach
computer B.
Additionally, port forwarding enables you to redirect traffic to a different port instead
of the one to which it was designated. For example, if you have a Web server
running on your PC on port 8080 and you want to grant access to this server to any
one who accesses DSL router via HTTP.
To accomplish this, do as follows:
Step 1 Define a port forwarding rule for the HTTP service, with the PC IP or host
name.
Step 2 Specify 8080 in the Forward to Port field.
All incoming HTTP traffic is forwarded to the PC running the Web server on port
8080. When setting a port forwarding service, ensure that the port is not used by
another application, which may stop functioning. A common example is when using
53
SIP signaling in Voice over IP, the port used by the gateway VoIP application (5060)
is the same port, on which port forwarding is set for LAN SIP agents.
Note: Some applications, such as FTP, TFTP, PPTP and H323, require the support
of special specific application level gateway (ALG) modules in order to
work inside the home network. Data packets associated with these
applications contain information that allows them to be routed correctly. An
ALG is needed to handle these packets and ensure that they reach their
intended destinations. DSL router is equipped with a robust list of ALG
modules in order to enable maximum functionality in the home network.
The ALG is automatically assigned based on the destination port.
Virtual servers are configured for this purpose.
Adding Port Forwarding
Step 1 To set up virtual servers for a service, select Advanced Setup > NAT >
Virtual Servers, and click Add.
54
Figure 1 Adding virtual servers
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Select a service or enter a custom server.
Set Server IP Address.
Enter the server IP address of the computer that provides the service (the
server in the local host field). Note that unless an additional external IP
address is added, only one LAN computer can be assigned to provide a
specific service or application.
Step 5 Set External Port Start and External Port End.
Step 6 Select Protocol.
Step 7 Set Internal Port Start and Internal Port End.
Step 8 Enter Remote IP.
Step 9 Click Save/apply to apply the settings.
If the application you require is not in the list, manually enter the information.
Select the protocol for the service you are providing from the Protocol drop-down
list. Under External Port, enter the port number of the service you are providing. In
55
the Internal Port field, enter the internal port number, to which service requests are
to be forwarded. In the Local IP Address field, enter the IP address of the PC that
provides the service.
Example
The Web server is configured to react to requests on port 8080. However, the
requests from websites enter the Web server via port 80 (standard value). If you
add the PC to the forwarding table and define port 80 as the public port and port
8080 as an internal port, all requests from the Internet are diverted to the service
with port 80 on the Web server of the PC you have defined with port 8080.
Deleting Port Forwarding
Step 1 Select the Remove check box.
Step 2 Click Remove to apply the settings.
3.4.3.3
Port Triggering
If you configure port triggering for a certain application, you need to determine a
so-called trigger port and the protocol (TCP or UDP) that this port uses. You then
assign the public ports that are to be opened for the application to this trigger port.
You can select known Internet services or manually assign ports or port blocks.
Adding Port Triggering
Step 1 To set up port triggering for a service, select Advanced Settings > NAT >
Port Triggering, and click Add.
Step 2
Select the required application from the Select an application drop-down
56
list, or manually enter the information in the Custom application field.
Trigger Port Start and Trigger Port End: enter the port that is to be
monitored for outgoing data traffic.

Trigger Protocol: select the protocol that is to be monitored for outgoing
data traffic.

Open Protocol: select the protocol that is to be allowed for incoming data
traffic

Open Port Start and Open Port End: enter the port that is to be opened for
incoming traffic.
Step 3 Click Save/Apply to apply the settings.
Removing Port Triggering
Step 1 Select the Remove check box.
Step 2 Click Save/Apply to apply the settings.

3.4.3.4
DMZ Host
57
Figure 2 DMZ host
The demilitarized military zone (DMZ) host feature allows one local computer to be
exposed to the Internet. This function is applicable for:

Users who want to use a special-purpose Internet service, such as an
on-line game or video conferencing program, that is not presented in the port
forwarding list and for which no port range information is available.

Users who are not concerned with security and wish to expose one
computer to all services without restriction.
Note: A DMZ host is not protected by the firewall and may be vulnerable to attack.
This may also put other computers in the home network at risk. Hence,
when designating a DMZ host, you must consider the security implications
and protect it if necessary.
You can set up a client in your local network as a so-called DMZ host. Your device
then forwards all incoming data traffic from the Internet to this client. You can, for
example, operate your own Web server on one of the clients in your local network
and make it accessible to Internet users. As the exposed host, the local client is
directly visible to the Internet and therefore particularly vulnerable to attacks (for
example, hacker attacks). Enable this function only when necessary (for example,
to operate a Web server) and when other functions (for example, port forwarding)
are inadequate. In this case, you should take appropriate measures for the clients
concerned.
Note: Only one PC per public IP address can be set up as an exposed host.
Adding a DMZ Host
Step 1 To set up a PC as a DMZ host, select Advanced Setup > NAT > DMZ
host.
Figure 3 DMZ host configuration
Step 2
Enter the local IP address of the PC that is to be enabled as an exposed
host.
58
Step 3 Click Save/Apply to apply the settings.
Remove DMZ host
Step 1 Clear the DMZ Host Address.
Step 2 Click Save/Apply to apply the settings.
3.4.3.5
NAT – ALG
Click ALG, the following page appears. In this interface, you can enable SIP ALG.
3.4.4
Security
Click Security > IP Filtering and the following interface appears. By default, the
firewall is enabled. The firewall is used to block document transmissions between
the Internet and your PC. It serves as a safety guard and permits only authorized
documents to be sent to the LAN.
Note: If the modem is configured to bridge mode only, IP filtering is disabled and
the IP filtering interface does not appear.
If the modem does not configure a PVC of Bridge mode, MAC filtering is disabled
and the MAC Filtering interface does not appear.
59
3.4.4.1
Outgoing IP Filtering Setup
Click Security > IP Filtering > Outgoing and the following page appears.
By default, all outgoing IP traffic from LAN is allowed, but some IP traffic can be
blocked by setting up filters.
Click Add and the page for defining the IP filtering rule appears.
In this page, you can create a filter rule to identify outgoing IP traffic by specifying a
new filter name and at least one condition. All specified conditions in the filtering
rule must be complied with the rule to take effect.
Click Save/Apply to save and activate the filter.
60
For example: if you need to block a PC whoese IP address is 192.168.1.10. All
outgoing IP traffic from that PC(192.168.1.10) is disallowed. The confiuration is as
follows.
61
Click Save/apply, the following interface appears.
3.4.4.2
Incoming IP Filtering Setup
Click Security > IP Filtering > Incoming and the following page appears.
By default, all incoming IP traffic from the WAN is blocked when the firewall is
enabled. However, some IP traffic can be accepted by setting up filters.
Click Add, the following page appears. In this page, you can create a filter rule to
identify incoming IP traffic by specifying a new filter name and at least one
condition. All specified conditions in this filter rule must comply with the rule. Click
Save/Apply to save and activate the filter.
You should select at least one WAN interface to apply this rule.
62
3.4.4.3
MAC Filtering Setup
Click Security > MAC Filtering, and the following page apperas.
MAC Filtering is only effective on ATM PVCs configured in Bridge mode.
Forwarded means that all MAC layer frames are forwarded except those matching
with any of the specified rules in the following table. Blocked means that all MAC
layer frames are blocked except those matching with any of the specified rules in
the following table.
63
Click Change Policy and the following page apperas.Then you can change the
MAC Filtering Global Policy from FORWARDED to BLOCKED.
Read the warning information. Click Yes to change the MAC filtering global policy
from Forwarded to Blocked. Click No to cancel.
For example, to forbid the PC whose MAC address is 00:13:20:9E:0F:10 through
PPPoE dial-up, begin with the following page.
Click Add to configure the interface as follows.
64
Click Save/Apply and the following page appears.
3.4.5
Parental Control
Click Security>Parental Control and the following page appears.
65
Click Add and the following page appears.
In this page, you can add time of day restriction to a special LAN device connected
to the Router. The Browser's MAC Address automatically displays the MAC
address of the LAN device where the browser is running. To restrict other LAN
device, click Other MAC Address and enter the MAC address of the another LAN
device. To obtain the MAC address of a Windows based PC, enter ipconfig /all in
the DoS window.
3.4.6
Quality of Service
Many communication and multimedia applications require large, high-speed
bandwidths to transfer data between the local network and the internet. However,
for many applications there is often only one internet connection available with
66
limited capacity. QoS divides this capacity between the different applications and
provides undelayed, continuous data transfer in situation where data packets with
higher priority are given preference.
Click Quality of Service and the following page appears. Under Quality of
Service, there are two network share modes: Queue Config and QoS
Classification.
Network QoS is an industry-wide set of standards and mechanisms for ensuring
high-quality performance for critical applications. By using QoS mechanisms,
network administrators can use existing resources efficiently and ensure the
required level of service without reactively expanding or over-provisioning their
networks.
Traditionally, the concept of quality in networks meant that all network traffic was
treated equally. The result was that all network traffic received the network’s best
effort, with no guarantees for reliability, delay, variation in delay, or other
performance characteristics. With best-effort delivery service, however, a single
bandwidth-intensive application can result in poor or unacceptable performance for
all applications. The QoS concept of quality is one in which the requirements of
some applications and users are more critical than others, which means that some
traffic needs preferential treatment.
1. classify
QOS diapose
The order of source
packet
2. CAR/GTS
3. queuing
The order of
outgoing packet
Internet
CPE
3.4.6.1
Enabling QoS
In this page, you can perform QoS queue management configuration. By default,
the system enables QoS and sets a default DSCP mark to automatically mark
incoming traffic without reference to particular classifier.
Select Advanced Setup > Quality of Service and the following page appears.
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Select Enable QoS to enable QoS and set the default DSCP mark.
Click Save/Apply to activate QoS.
3.4.6.2
QoS-Queue Configuration
The queuing in packet QoS becomes effective only when packet is forwarded to
QoS-enabled PVC. Packet forwarding is determined by IP routing or bridging, not
under control of the packet QoS.
Click Queue Config, and the following page appears. In this page, you can
configure QoS queue. A maximum of 24 entries can be configured.
QoS Queue Configuration can allocate four queues. Each of the queues can be
configured for a precedence value (Lower integer values for precedence imply
higher priority for this queue relative to others). The queue entry configured is used
by the classifier to place ingress packets appropriately.
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Note: Lower integer values for precedence imply higher priority for this queue
relative to others.
For example, add a QoS queue entry and allocate it to a specific network interface
(PVC 0/0/35). Set integer values for queue precedence to 1.
Step 1 Click Add, and the following page appears.



Policy Select: you can select Strict Priority Policy or WRR Policy.
Queue Configuration Status: set to enable or disable a QoS queue.
Queue: select a specific network interface. When you have already selected
a network interface, the specific network interface selected automatically
allocates to the queue.

Queue Precedence: select an integer value for queue precedence. After
you select an integer value, the queue entry appropriately places to ingress
packets. Lower integer values for precedence imply higher priority for this
queue relative to others.
Step 2 Add a QoS queue entry and assign it to a specific network interface (PVC
0/0/35), and set integer values for queue precedence to 1. See the
following figure:
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Step 3 After proper modifications, click Save/Apply and the following page
appears. This configuration takes effective at once.
To delete a certain queue, disable it, select it, and then click Remove.
After the queue is configured, you can create several traffic class rules to classify
the upstream traffic.
WRR (Weighted Round Robin): this is another QoS method. If you want to set
WRR, you must disable the Strict-Priority Queue (PQ). The WRR is mutex to PQ.
Only one QoS method can exist at the same time. Select WRR in QoS Queue
Configuration page. The following interface appears.
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For example, add a QoS queue entry and allocate it to a specific network interface
(PVC 0/2/35). Set queue precedence to 2 and weight value to 30%.
After proper modifications, click Save/Apply and the following page appears.
The weighted round robin (WRR) queue schedule divides each port into several
output queues. Queues are scheduled in turn to ensure that each queue obtains a
certain service time. WRR configures a weighted value (w3, w2, w1 and w0) for
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each queue. The weighted value represents the proportion of the obtained
resources. For example, the weighted value of WRR queue schedule algorithm of
a 100M port is configured as 50, 30, 10 and 10 (corresponding to w3, w2, w1 and
w0), so that the queue with minimum priority obtains a bandwidth of at least
10Mbps, which avoids the disadvantage that a message in queue with low priority
during PQ schedule may not obtain service for a long time. WRR queue still has
another advantage. Although the schedule of these queues are conducted in turn,
each queue is not assigned with a fixed service time slice-if a certain queue is null,
it is immediately changed to the next queue. In this way, the bandwidth resources
can be fully utilized.
3.4.6.3
QoS-QoS Classification
Some applications require specific bandwidth to ensure its data be forwarded in
time. QoS classification can creates traffic class rule to classify the upstream traffic.
Assign queue which defines the precedence and the interface and optionally
overwrite the IP header DSCP byte. After QoS classification, QoS divides capacity
between different applications and provides undelayed, continuous data transfer
where data packet with higher priority is given preference. The follow figure shows
QoS classification.
Click QoS Classification and the following page appears. In this page, you can
configure network traffic classes.
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Click Add and the following page appears.




Traffic Class Name: Enter a name of the class.
Rule Order: Select order for queue.
Rule Status: Enable or disable this traffic class rule.
Assign Classification Queue: Select a classification queue.
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
Assign Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Mark: Select a mark
service that modifies the original packet IP header if all rules defined within
the classification class are matched. (CS-Mark IP Precedence, AF-Assured
Forwarding, EF-Expedited Forwarding)

Mark 802.1p if 802.1q is enabled: Select an 802.1p priority number that
serves as the 802.1p value.
There are two sets of classification rules. Set-1 is based on different fields within
TCP/UDP/IP layer plus physical LAN port; Set-2 is based on MAC layer IEEE
802.1p priority field.
Set-1 Rules contain the following:

Physical LAN Port: Select one among Ethernet ports and wireless port.

Protocol: Select one among TCP/UDP TCP UDP or ICMP protocols.

Source IP Address

Source subnet mask

UPD/TCP Source Port

Destination IP Address

Destination Subnet Mask

UPD/TCP destination port or a range of ports

Source Mac Address

Source Mac Mask

Destination Mac Address

Destination Mac Mask
Set-2 Rules contain the following:
802.1p Priority: the 802.1p header includes a 3-bit prioritization field, which allows
packets to be grouped into eight levels of priority (0-7), where level 7 is the highest
one.
QoS-DSCP Setting
In order to understand what is differentiated services code point (DSCP), you
should be familiar with the differentiated services model (Diffserv).
Diffserv is a class of service (CoS) model that enhances best-effort Internet
services via differentiating traffic by users, service requirements and other criteria.
Packets are specifically marked, allowing network nodes to provide different levels
of service,
via priority queuing or bandwidth allocation, or by choosing dedicated routes for
specific traffic flows.
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As displayed in following diagram, the IPV4 packet has a TOS filed. Diffserv
defines TOS field in IP packet headers referred to as DSCP. Hosts or routes that
pass traffic to a Diffserv-enabled network typically mark each transmitted packet
with an appropriate DSCP. The DSCP markings are used by Diffserv network
routers to appropriately classify packets and to apply particular queue handing or
scheduling behavior.
Layer 3 IPV4 packet
Versi
TOS
leng I
Offs
T protoc
Chec
IP-S IPd
on/le
(1
th
D et
T ol
k
A
DA
a
ngth
word
/mar
L
sum
t
)
k
a
TOS filed-IP priority (TOS front 3 bit) or DSCP (front 6 bit)
7
6
5
4
3
IP priority
2
1
0
Undefined
DSCP
Flow control
For example, mark each transmitted ICMP packet which passes traffic to 0-35class
with an appropriate DSCP (CS1).
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After proper modifications, click Save/Apply and the following page appears.
Click Save/Apply. This configuration takes effective at once.
QoS-802.1p Setting
The IEEE 802.1p priority marking method is a standard for prioritizing network
traffic at the data link/Mac sub-layer 802.1p traffic is simply classified and sent to
the destination, with no bandwidth reservations established.
The follow diagram shows the structure of 802.1Q Frame. The 802.1Q header
includes a 3-bit prioritization field, which allows packets to be grouped to be
grouped into eight levels of priority (0-7), where level 7 is the highest one. In
addition, DSL maps these eight levels to priority queues, where queue 1 has the
highest priority.
Layer 2 802.Q frame
Preamble SFD
DA
SA
mark
Len/Etype
DATA
FCS
(4
(2 word)
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word)
TPID(0x8100)
Priority(3bit)
Mark
CFI (1bit)
VLAN ID (12bit)
For example: mark the frame of 802.1p that queued to Queue 9 on value 2.
After proper modifications, click Save/Apply to show the following interface.
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Click Save/Apply. This configuration takes effective at once.
3.4.7
Routing
Click Routing and the following page appears.
3.4.7.1
Routing - Default Gateway
In this page, you can modify the default gateway settings.
If you select Enable Automatic Assigned Default Gateway, this router can
accept the first received default gateway assignment from one of the PPPoA,
PPPoE or MER/DHCP enabled PVC(s). If the check box is not selected, you need
to enter the static default gateway and/or a WAN interface. Then, click
Save/Apply.
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Note: If the Automatic Assigned Default Gateway check box is changed from
deselected to selected, you need to reboot the router to obtain the
automatic assigned default gateway.
3.4.7.2
Routing - Static Route
In this interface, you can modify the static route settings.
In this interface, you can query the preset static routes, delete an existing static
route, or add a new static route. By default, the system has no static route
information.

Destination: The IP address to which packets are transmitted.

Subnetmask: The subnet mask of the destination IP address.
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
Gateway: The gateway that the packets pass by during transmission.

Interface: The interface that the packets pass through on the modem.
Click Add and the following page appears.
To add a static route rule, the configuration is as follows.
Click Save/Apply and the following page appears.
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In the route status interface, the following page appears.
3.4.8
3.4.8.1
DNS
DNS Server
In this interface, you can modify the DNS server settings.
If select Enable Automatic Assigned DNS, this router accepts the first received
DNS assignment from one of the PPPoA, PPPoE or MER/DHCP enabled PVC(s)
during the connection establishment.
If the checkbox is not selected, enter the primary and optional secondary DNS
server IP addresses. The interface is as follows.
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Click Save to save the new configuration.
Note: You must reboot the router to make the new configuration effective.
3.4.8.2
Dynamic DNS
In this interface, you can modify the Dynamic DNS settings.
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static
hostname in any of the many domains, allowing your DSL router to be more easily
accessed from various locations on the Internet.
Click Add to add dynamic DDNS.
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3.4.9
DSL
In this interface, you can modify the DSL settings.
Select one you need. But the default setting can check G.dmt/ G.lite/ T1.413/
ADSL2/Annexl/ ADSL2+/ Inner pair/ Bitswap. The modem can negotiate the
modulation mode with the DSLAM.
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3.4.10
IPSec
Click IPSec, and the following page appears.
Click Add New Connection to add a new IPSec connection.
84
You can click Show Advance Settings to view some advance parameters and
modify them to match the other side of this connection.
Click Save/Apply to save this connection, then you can check the checkbox of
enable column to enable this IPSec connection. And the communication is
established.
3.4.11
Certificate
3.4.11.1 Local Certificates
Click Certificate > Local and the following page appears.
Local certificates are used by peers to verify your identity. It can store maximum 4
certificates.
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Click Create Certificate Request and the following page appears.
To generate a certificate signing request, you need to include Common Name,
Organization Name, State/Province Name, and the 2-letter Country Code for the
certificate.
If click Import Certificate, the following page appears. Then you can enter
certificate name, paste certificate content and private key.
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3.4.11.2 Trusted CA Certificates
Click Certificate > Trusted CA and the following page appears. CA certificates are
used by you to verify certificates of peers. It can store maximum 4 certificates.
87
Click Import Certificate and the following page appears. Then you can enter
certificate name, paste certificate content.
3.5 Wireless
This section introduces the wireless LAN and some basic configurations. Wireless
LAN can be as simple as two computers with wireless LAN cards communicating in
a peer-to-peer network or as complex as a number of computers with wireless LAN
cards communicating through access points (AP) that bridge network traffic to the
wired LAN.
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The Modem Wi-Fi® certified IEEE 802.11g compliant wireless access point allows
multiple computers to connect wirelessly to your local network over the Modem
Wireless LAN environment. The Modem is backward compatible with IEEE
802.11b, which means 802.11b and 802.11g devices can coexist in the same
wireless network. The Wireless Distribution System (WDS) on your Modem allows
you to extend the range of your wireless network. To be able to use WDS, you will
need to introduce an additional WDS-enabled access point into your wireless
network. To be able to connect the computers, make sure that a wireless client
adapter (WLAN client) is installed on each computer you want to connect via the
WLAN.
3.5.1
Wireless LAN Basics
Some basic understanding of 802.11b/g wireless technology and terminology is
useful when you are setting up the Router or any wireless access point. If you are
not familiar with wireless networks please take a few minutes to learn the basics.
3.5.1.1
Wireless client requirements
All wireless client adapters compliant to 802.11g and/or 802.11b can communicate
with the Modem (W) LAN environment. However, be aware that only 802.11g
compliant wireless clients are able to gain full profit of the 54 Mb/s (Max) bandwidth
delivered by the Modem. It is highly recommended to use only wireless client
adapters that are Wi-Fi™ certified to ensure smooth interoperability with the
Modem’s WLAN.
3.5.1.2
Radio Transmission
Wireless LAN or WLAN devices use electromagnetic waves within a broad,
unlicensed range of the radio spectrum to transmit and receive radio signals. When
a wireless access point is present, it becomes a base station for the WLAN nodes
in its broadcast range. WLAN nodes transmit digital data using FM (frequency
modulation) radio signals. WLAN devices generate a carrier wave and modulate
this signal using various techniques. Digital data is superimposed onto the carrier
signal. This radio signal carries data to WLAN devices within range of the
transmitting device. The antennae of WLAN devices listen for and receive the
signal. The signal is demodulated and the transmitted data extracted. The
transmission method used by the access point is called Direct Sequence Spread
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Spectrum (DSSS) and operates in a range of the radio spectrum between 2.4GHz
and 2.5GHz for transmission. See the expert technical specifications for more
details on wireless operation.
3.5.1.3
Antennas
Direct the external antenna to allow optimization of the wireless link. If for example
the antenna is erect, wireless links in the horizontal plane are favored. Please note
that the antenna characteristics are influenced by the environment, that is, by
reflections of the radio signal against walls or ceilings. It is advisable to use the
received signal strength as indicated by the wireless client manager to optimize the
antenna position for the link to a given client. Concrete walls weaken the radio
signal and thus affect the connection.
3.5.1.4
Range
Range should not be a problem in most homes or small offices. If you experience
low or no signal strength in some areas, consider positioning the Router in a
location between the WLAN devices that maintains a roughly equal straight-line
distance to all devices that need to access the Router through the wireless
interface. Adding more 802.11g access points to rooms where the signal is weak
can improve signal strength. Read the section about placement of the Router titled
Location in the next chapter, Hardware Installation, for more information.
3.5.1.5
SSID
Wireless networks use an SSID (Service Set Identifier) to allow wireless devices to
roam within the range of the network. Wireless devices that wish to communicate
with each other must use the same SSID. Several access points can be set up
using the same SSID so that wireless stations can move from one location to
another without losing connection to the wireless network. The Modem operates in
Infrastructure mode. It controls network access on the wireless interface in its
broadcast area. It will allow access to the wireless network to devices using the
correct SSID after a negotiation process takes place. By default the Modem
broadcasts its SSID so that any wireless station in range can learn the SSID and
ask permission to associate with it. Many wireless adapters are able to survey or
scan the wireless environment for access points. An access point in Infrastructure
mode allows wireless devices to survey that network and select an access point
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with which to associate. You may disable SSID broadcasting the wireless menu of
web management.
3.5.1.6
Radio channels
The 802.11g standard allows several WLAN networks using different radio
channels to be co-located. The Modem supports multiple radio channels and is
able to select the best radio channel at each startup. You can choose to set the
channels automatically or manually.
The different channels overlap. To avoid interference with another access point,
make sure that the separation (in terms of frequency) is as high as possible. It is
recommended to keep at least 3 channels between 2 different access points.
The Modem supports all channels allowed for wireless networking. However,
depending on local regulations, the number of channels actually allowed to be
used may be additionally restricted, as shown in the table below.
Regulatory Domain
Allowed Radio Channels
China
1 to 13
Europe
1 to 13
Israel
5 to 8
Japan
1 to 14
Jordan
10 to 13
Thailand
1 to 14
USA / Canada
1 to 11
3.5.1.7
Wireless Security
Various security options are available on the Modem including open or WEP,
802.1x, WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2 and WPA2-PSK. Authentication may use an open
system or a shared key. For details on these methods and how to use them, please
read the wireless LAN configuration information in Section 3.5.3 (Wireless Security
Configuration).
3.5.1.8
About 802.11g Wireless
802.11b is an IEEE standard, operating at 2,4 GHz at a speed of up to 11 Mb/s.
802.11g, a newer IEEE standard also operating at 2,4 GHz, gives you up to 54
Mb/s speed, more security and better performance.
Today's 11-megabits-per-second 802.11b wireless networks are fine for broadband
Internet access (which typically tops out at about 1 mbps) but rather slow for large
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internal file transfers or streaming video. However, 54-mbps, corporate-oriented
802.11a is expensive and because its radio uses the 5-GHz band and 802.11b
uses the 2.4 GHz band, upgrading to an 802.11a network means either scrapping
802.11b gear or buying even-pricier hardware that can support both standards.
But 802.11g promises the same speed as 802.11a and the ability to coexist with
802.11b equipment on one network, since it too uses the 2.4-GHz band. 802.11g is
an extension to 802.11b, the basis of many wireless LANs in existence today.
802.11g will broaden 802.11b's data rates to 54 Mbps within the 2.4 GHz band
using OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) technology. Because of
backward compatibility, an 802.11b radio card will interface directly with an 802.11g
access point (and vice versa) at 11 Mbps or lower depending on range. You should
be able to upgrade the newer 802.11b access points to be 802.11g compliant via
relatively easy firmware upgrades.
Similar to 802.11b, 802.11g operates in the 2.4GHz band, and the transmitted
signal uses approximately 30MHz, which is one third of the band. This limits the
number of non-overlapping 802.11g access points to three, which is the same as
802.11b.
Note: Maximum wireless signal rate based on IEEE Standard 802.11g
specifications is 54 Mbps. But actual data throughput varies depending
on.network conditions and environmental factors, including volume of
network traffic, building materials and construction, and network overhead
will cause lower actual data throughput rate.
3.5.1.9
Access Point and Wireless Fidel
The Wi-Fi certification ensures that your Modem will interoperate with any Wi-Fi
certified 802.11g and 802.11b compliant wireless device.
The Modem Wireless LAN Access Point (AP) behaves as a networking hub
allowing to wirelessly interconnect several devices to the local (W) LAN and to
provide access to the Internet.
3.5.2
Wireless – Basic
This page allows you to configure basic features of the wireless LAN interface. You
can enable or disable the wireless LAN interface, hide the network from active
scans, set the wireless network name (also known as SSID) and restrict the
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channel set based on country requirements.
Following is a description of the different options:

Enable Wireless: If you want to make wireless be available, you have to
check this box first. Otherwise, the Hide Access Point SSID, Country, Enable
Wireless Guest Network, and Guest SSID box will not be displayed.

Hide Access Point: Check this box if you want to hide any access point for
your router, so a station cannot obtain the SSID through passive scanning.

SSID: The SSID (Service Set Identification) is the unique name shared
among all devices in a wireless network. The SSID must be identical for all
devices in the wireless network.

Country: The channel will adjust according to nations to adapt to each
nation's frequency provision.

Guest SSID: The SSID (Service Set Identification) is the unique name
shared among all devices in a guest wireless network. The SSID must be
identical for all devices in the guest wireless network.
Click Save/Apply to save the basic wireless options and make the modification
effect.
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3.5.3
Wireless – Security
This page allows you can configure security features of the wireless LAN interface.
You can sets the network authentication method, selecting data encryption, specify
whether a network key is required to authenticate to this wireless network and
specify the encryption strength.
This device is equipped with 802.1X and WPA/WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access), the
latest security standard. It also supports the legacy security standard, WEP (Wired
Equivalent Privacy). By default, wireless security is disabled and authentication is
open. Before enabling the security, consider your network size, complexity, and
existing authentication infrastructure and then determine which solution applies to
it.
Following is a description of the different options.

Select SSID: Select the wireless LAN of SSID to configure security features.

No Encryption: Please refer to below for details of configuration

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be open.

WEP Encryption: Disable WEP Encryption.
The data is not encrypted when it is transferred from the device to the client station.
This is the default option.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
64-bit WEP
94

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be open or shared.

WEP Encryption: Enable WEP Encryption.

Encryption Strength: click the desired Data Security level to be 64-bit.

Current Network Key: Select one of network key that you set on the Key
boxes as default one.

Network Key 1 to 4: Enter 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal digits for
64-bit encryption keys to fill out WEP keys box. The system allows you to
type in 4 kinds of the WEP key.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
128-bit WEP

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be open or shared.

WEP Encryption: Enable WEP Encryption.

Encryption Strength: Click the desired Data Security level to be 128-bit.
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
Current Network Key: Select one of network key that you set on the Key
boxes as default one.

Network Key 1 to 4: Enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal digits for
128-bit encryption keys to fill out WEP keys box. The system allows you to
type in 4 kinds of the WEP key.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
802.1x Authentication

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be 802.1x.

Radius Server IP Address: Enter the IP Address of the authentication server.

Radius Port: Enter the port number of the authentication server. The default
port number is 1812.

Radius Key: Enter the same key as the Radius server’s.

WEP Encryption: Enable WEP Encryption. This is default

Encryption Strength: click the desired Data Security level to be 64-bit or
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128-bit.
Current Network Key: Select one of network key that you set on the Key
boxes as default one.

Network Key 1 to 4: Enter 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal digits for
64-bit encryption keys or enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal digits
for 128-bit encryption keys to fill out WEP keys box. The system allows you
to type in 4 kinds of the WEP key.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.

WPA Authentication

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be WPA.

WPA Group Rekey Interval: Specifies the timer the WPA key must change. If
97
the value set 0, no need to change. The change is done automatically
between the server and the client.

Radius Server IP Adress: Enter the IP Address of the authentication server.

Radius Port: Enter the port number of the authentication server. The default
port number is 1812.

Radius Key: Enter the same key as the Radius server’s.

WPA Encryption: Select TKIP, AES or TKIP + AES. The TKIP is default. The
TKIP + AES encryption mode means AP auto adjust to use TKIP or AES
according to wireless clients.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
WPA2 Authentication

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be WPA2.

WPA2 Preauthentication: Selec Enable or Disenable.

Network Re-auth Interval: Specifies the timer of re-authentication between
the server and the client.

WPA Group Rekey Interval: Specifies the timer the WPA key must change. If
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the value set 0, no need to change. The change is done automatically
between the server and the client.

RADIUS Server IP Adress: Enter the IP Address of the authentication
server.

RADIUS Port: Enter the port number of the authentication server. The default
port number is 1812.

RADIUS Key: Enter the same key as the Radius server’s.

WPA Encryption: Select TKIP, AES or TKIP + AES. The AES is default. The
TKIP + AES encryption mode means AP auto adjust to use TKIP or AES
according to wireless clients.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
Mixed WPA2/WPA Authentication
This authentication mode means AP auto adjust to use WPA2 or WPA according to
wireless clients.

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
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wireless LAN of SSID to be Mixed WPA2/WPA.
WPA2 Preauthentication: Selec Enable or Disenable.
Network Re-auth Interval: Specifies the timer of re-authentication between
the server and the client.

WPA Group Rekey Interval: Specifies the timer the WPA key must change. If
the value set 0, no need to change. The change is done automatically
between the server and the client.

Radius Server IP Adress: Enter the IP Address of the authentication server.

Radius Port: Enter the port number of the authentication server. The default
port number is 1812.

Radius Key: Enter the same key as the Radius server’s.

WPA Encryption: Select TKIP, AES or TKIP + AES. The AES is default. The
TKIP + AES encryption mode means AP auto adjust to use TKIP or AES
according to wireless clients.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.


100
WPA-PSK Authentication

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be Mixed WPA-PSK.

WPA Pre-Shared Key: Enter the pre-shared key for WPA. Client stations
must use the same key in order to connect with this device. Check the table
below for instructions when entering the key.
Format
Minimum
Maximum
characters
Characters
ASCII
8
63
Hexadecimal
8
64

WPA Group Rekey Interval: Specifies the timer the WPA key must change. If
the value set 0, no need to change. The change is done automatically
between the server and the client.

WPA Encryption: Select TKIP, AES or TKIP + AES. The TKIP is default. The
TKIP + AES encryption mode means AP auto adjust to use TKIP or AES
according to wireless clients.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
WPA2-PSK Authentication
101


Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be Mixed WPA2-PSK.
WPA Pre-Shared Key: Enter the pre-shared key for WPA. Client stations
must use the same key in order to connect with this device. Check the table
below for instructions when entering the key.
Format
Minimum
Maximum
characters
Characters
ASCII
8
63
Hexadecimal
8
64

WPA Group Rekey Interval: Specifies the timer the WPA key must change. If
the value set 0, no need to change. The change is done automatically
between the server and the client.

WPA Encryption: Select TKIP, AES or TKIP + AES. The AES is default. The
TKIP + AES encryption mode means AP auto adjust to use TKIP or AES
according to wireless clients.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
Mixed WPA2/WPA-PSK Authentication
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This authentication mode means AP auto adjust to use WPA2-PSK or WPA-PSK
according to wireless clients.

Network Authentication: Select the authentication mode for the selected
wireless LAN of SSID to be Mixed WPA2/WPA-PSK.

WPA Pre-Shared Key: Enter the pre-shared key for WPA. Client stations
must use the same key in order to connect with this device. Check the table
below for instructions when entering the key.
Format
Minimum
Maximum
characters
Characters
ASCII
8
63
Hexadecimal
8
64

WPA Group Rekey Interval: Specifies the timer the WPA key must change. If
the value set 0, no need to change. The change is done automatically
between the server and the client.

WPA Encryption: Select TKIP, AES or TKIP + AES. The AES is default. The
TKIP + AES encryption mode means AP auto adjust to use TKIP or AES
according to wireless clients.
Click Save/Apply to save the wireless security options and make the modification
effect.
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3.5.4
Wireless - MAC Filter
The web page allows you to create a list of MAC addresses that are banned or
allowed association with the wireless access point.

MAC Restrict Mode: The function can be turn on/off, Check Disabled to
disable this function. Vice versa, to enable the function. After enabling the
function, you can filter wireless users according to their MAC address, either
allowing or denying access. Check Allow to make any wireless MAC
address in the Wireless Access Control List can be linked to. And Check
Deny to banned any wireless MAC address in the Wireless Access Control
List to be linked to.

Add a MAC Access Control: To add a new MAC address to your wireless
MAC address filters, click Add to show next page. Type in the MAC Address
in the entry field provided. Click Save/Apply to add the MAC address to the
list. The MAC address appears listed in the table below.
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
Remove a MAC Access Control: Select the Remove checkbox in the right
column of the list for the MAC address to be removed and click Remove.
3.5.5
Wireless – Bridge
This page allows you to configure wireless bridge features of the wireless LAN
interface.
The Wireless Distribution System (WDS) allows you to extend the range of your
wireless network by introducing one or more WDS-enabled devices into your
wireless network. You can only establish WDS links with WDS-enabled devices.

AP Mode: Select Access Point’s functionality to be Access Point or pure
Wireless Bridge. You can select Wireless Bridge (also known as Wireless
Distribution System) to disables access point functionality. Selecting Access
Point enables access point functionality and Wireless bridge functionality will
still be available and wireless stations will be able to associate to the AP.

Bridge Restrict: Select Disabled in Bridge Restrict which disables wireless
bridge restriction. Any wireless bridge will be granted access. Selecting
Enabled or Enabled (Scan) enables wireless bridge restriction. Only those
bridges selected in Remote Bridges are granted access.
You can manually enter Remote Bridges MAC Address to the list. You can also do
it automatically in the following steps:
Step 4 In the Bridge Restrict list, click Enabled (Scan).
Step 5 Click Refresh to update the remote bridges.
The router waits for a few seconds to update. And then lists the results in the
Accessible Access Points table.
Step 6 Check on the box in the left column of the list for selecting the Access
Point to which you want to establish a WDS connection.
Step 7 Click Save/Apply.
You must configure all Bridges Access Point with:

The same encryption and authentication mode as Open, Shared, WEP,
WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK.

The same fixed channel.
Click Save/Apply to configure the wireless bridge options and make the
modification effect.
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3.5.6
Wireless – Advanced
This page allows you to configure advanced features of the wireless LAN interface.
You can select a particular channel on which to operate, force the transmission rate
to a particular speed, set the fragmentation threshold, set the RTS threshold, set
the wakeup interval for clients in power-save mode, set the beacon interval for the
access point, set XPress mode and set whether short or long preambles are used.
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




Band: Select 802.11b/g using wireless frequency band range. The radio
frequency remains at 2.437 GHz.
Channel: Fill in the appropriate channel to correspond with your network
settings. 11 is the default channel. All devices in your wireless network must
use the same channel in order to work correctly. This router supports auto
channeling functionality.
Auto Channel Timer(min): Specifies the timer of auto channelling.
54g™ Rate: Select the transmission rate for the network. The rate of data
transmission should be set depending on the speed of your wireless network.
You can select from a range of transmission speeds, or you can select Auto
to have the Router automatically use the fastest possible data rate and
enable the Auto-Fallback feature. Auto-Fallback will negotiate the best
possible connection speed between the Router and a wireless client. The
default value is Auto.
Multicast Rate: Select the multicast transmission rate for the network. The
rate of data transmission should be set depending on the speed of your
wireless network. You can select from a range of transmission speeds, or
107








you can select Auto to have the Router automatically use the fastest
possible data rate and enable the Auto-Fallback feature. Auto-Fallback will
negotiate the best possible connection speed between the Router and a
wireless client. The default value is Auto.
Basic Rate: Select the basic transmission rate ability for the AP.
Fragmentation Threshold: Packets that are larger than this threshold are
fragmented into multiple packets. Try to increase the fragmentation threshold
if you encounter high packet error rates. Do not set the threshold too low,
since this can result in reduced networking performance.
RTS Threshold: This value should remain at its default setting of
2347.Should you encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor reductions are
recommended. Should you encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor
reduction of the default value, 2347, is recommended. If a network packet is
smaller than the preset RTS threshold size, the RTS/CTS mechanism will not
be enabled. The Router sends Request to Send (RTS) frames to a particular
receiving station and negotiates the sending of a data frame. After receiving
an RTS, the wireless station responds with a Clear to Send (CTS) frame to
acknowledge the right to begin transmission. The RTS Threshold value
should remain at its default value of 2347.
DTIM Interval: (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) Enter a value between 1
and 255 for the Delivery Traffic Indication Message (DTIM.) A DTIM is a
countdown informing clients of the next window for listening to broadcast and
multicast messages.
Beacon Interval: Beacon is a packet of information that is sent from a
connected device to all other devices where it announces its availability and
readiness. A beacon interval is a period of time (sent with the beacon) before
sending the beacon again. The beacon interval may be adjusted in
milliseconds (ms). Default (100) is recommended.
Global Max Clients: Specifies maximum wireless client stations to be enble
to link with AP.
XPress™ Technology: Select Enable or Disable. This is a special
accelerating technology for IEEE802.11g. The defaule is Disabled.
54g™ Mode: Compatible with IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g. Select a
Standards from the drop-down list box. Its default setting is 54g Auto. The
drop-down list box includes below mode.
108

802.11b Only: Only stations that are configured in 802.11b mode can
associate. If you select it, the rate of transmission only has selected values:
1Mbps, 2Mbps, 5.5Mbps, and 11Mbps. For other selections, the rate of
transmission has lots of selected values: 1Mbps, 2Mbps, 5.5Mbps, 6Mbps,
9Mbps, 11Mbps, 12Mbps, 18Mbps, 24Mbps, 36Mbps, 48Mbps, 54Mbps.

54g LRS: This is a special compatibility mode for 802.11b/g and is in fact
designed for older types of b-clients. Use this mode if you are experiencing
problems with wireless clients that connect to the Access Point. If you select
it, the preamble type will be disabled, which cannot be set.

54g Auto: Only stations that are configured in 802.11b/g mode can
associate.

54g Perfomance: Only stations that are configured in 802.11g mode can
associate. It is the same as 54g LRS, if you select it, the preamble type will
be disabled, which cannot be set.

54g™ Protection: The 802.11g standards provide a protection method so
802.11g and 802.11b devices can co-exist in the same network without
“speaking” at the same time. Do not disable 54g Protection if there is a
possibility that a 802.11b device may need to use your wireless network. In
Auto Mode, the wireless device will use RTS/CTS to improve 802.11g
performance in mixed 802.11g/802.11b networks. Turn protection off to
maximize 802.11g throughput under most conditions.

Preamble Type: Preambles are a sequence of binary bits that help the
receivers synchronize and ready for receipt of a data transmission. Some
older wireless systems like 802.11b implementation use shorter preambles. If
you are having difficulty connecting to an older 802.11b device, try using a
short preamble. You can select short preamble only if the 54g mode is set to
802.11b.

Transmit Power: Adjust the transmission range here. This tool can be
helpful for security purposes if you wish to limit the transmission range.
Click Save/Apply to configure the advanced wireless options and make the
changes take effect.
3.5.7
Wireless -- Authenticated Stations
This page shows authenticated wireless stations and their status about Association
and authentication.
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3.6 Diagnostics
Click Diagnostics to show the interface.
Your modem is capable of testing your DSL connection. The individual tests are
listed below. If a test displays a fail status, click Rerun Diagnostic Tests at the
bottom of this page to make sure the fail status is consistent. If the test continues to
fail, click Help and follow the troubleshooting procedures.
110
3.7 Management
3.7.1
3.7.1.1
Settings
Settings Backup
Click Backup Settings to back up the DSL router configuration.
111
3.7.1.2
Settings Update
Click Browser and select the correct update configure settings file. Then, click
Update Settings to update the modem settings.
3.7.1.3
Settings Restore Default
Click Restore Default Settings to restore DSL router settings to the factory
defaults.
112
3.7.2
System Log
Click System Log to show the following interface. The system log dialog allows
you to view the system log and configure the system log options.
Click Configure System Log to show the following interface. You can enable or
disable the system log and then select the log level, display level and mode, and
click Apply to end your configurations.
113
Both the log level and display level have eight choices. The default log level is
Debugging and the default display level is Error.
The mode options are Local, Remote, and Both. The default is Local.
114
If you select Remote or Both, all events are transmitted to the specified UDP port
of the specified log server.
After operations under Configure System Log, click View System Log to query
the system logs. In this example, the View System Log is the default.
Note: The log and display of the system events are above the set level. If you
intend to record all information, you need to set the levels as Debugging.
Click Refresh to refresh the system event logs or click Close to exit from this
interface.
3.7.3
TR-069 Client
Select the desired values and click Save/Apply to configure the TR-069 client
options.
115
3.7.4
Internet Time
Click Internet Time to show the following page. In this page, the modem can
synchronize with Internet time servers.
After enable Automatically synchronize with Internet time servers, the
interface show below. Enter proper configurations and click Save/Apply.
116
3.7.5
3.7.5.1
Access Control
Access Control – Services
Click Access Control > Services to show the following interface. In the interface,
you can enable or disable HTTP, ICMP, SSH, TELNET and TFTP services. And the
LAN side and WAN side can have different configurations.
Note: If the connection is PPPoE PVC, you can view the information of WAN side.
117
3.7.5.2
Access Control -- IP Addresses
Click Access Control > IP Addresses to show the following interface.
If enabled, permits access to local management services from IP addresses
contained in the Access Control List.
If the Access Control mode is disabled, the system does not validate IP addresses
for incoming packets. The services are the system applications listed in the Service
Control List.
Click Add to show the following interface. In the interface input the IP address of
the management station permitted to access the local management services, and
click Save/Apply.
3.7.5.3
Access Control – Passwords
Click Access Control > Passwords to show the following interface. In the
interface, you can modify the accounts passwords.
118
3.7.6
Update Software
Click Update Firmware to show the following interface. In this interface, you can
update the modem firmware. Click Browse to find the right version file and click
Update Firmware to update.
Note: Do not turn off your modem during firmware updates. When the update is
finished, the modem reboots automatically. Do not turn off your modem
either before the reboot is over. You must guarantee the update software is
right and accurate. It is strictly forbidden to use other software for updates.
After update software, it is suggested to restore the modem to the factory defaults
and configure it again.
119
3.7.7
Save/Reboot
Click Save/Reboot to show the following interface. Click Save/Reboot to save and
reboot the router.
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4 Networking Topology
Before configuring the Modem, you must clearly determine that the Modem is used
for Bridging mode or Routing mode. This chapter introduces some applications.
And see the Introductions to WEB Configuration Management for detailed
configurations.
4.1 PPP over ATM (PPPoA) Mode
Descriptions
In this example, the Modem is connected to the DSLAM through PVC 8/35 and the
access mode is the built-in PPPOA+NAT. The encapsulation of the BRAS downlink
port is PPP OVER ATM, the authentication is AUTO, the IP address is
10.28.106.200, the IP Pool is 10.28.106.*, and the IP address of uplink port is
10.61.92.157. The IP of the WAN port on the Modem is assigned by BRAS through
the built-in PPPOA dial-up dynamically. The PC that the Modem is attached is
assigned with a private IP address (within the same segment with the management
IP of the Modem). The NAT functions of the Modem are enabled and the private PC
address is translated to the public address 10.28.106.* (2 ~ 254) assigned by
BRAS dynamically for accessing ISP.
The IP address of the PC can be fixed (as in this example) or assigned through
DHCP server of the Modem. If it is assigned by DHCP server, the DHCP functions
of the MODEM must be enabled. The IP address of the DHCP address pool is
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192.168.1.* (2~254). The functions are enabled by default and at the same time
the PC is configured to obtain IP and DNS addresses dynamically.
Setting Procedure
Step 1 Activate your browser and enter 192.168.1.1 in the address bar to login in
to the Modem.
Step 2 Click Advanced Setup > WAN, then click Add.
Step 3 In the ATM PVC Configuration interface, configure VPI/VCI as 8/35 and
then click Next.
Step 4 In the Connection Type interface, select PPP over ATM (PPPoA) and
VC MUX as the encapsulation, and then click Next.
Step 5 In the PPP User name and Password interface, enter the user name
and password provided by your ISP. And then click Next.
Step 6 In the Enable IGMP Multicast and WAN Service interface, keep the
default configuration unchanged and then click Next.
Step 7 Check the network configurations and ensure that all settings comply
with the information provided by your ISP, and then click Save.
Step 8 Click Save/Reboot to apply the changes and reboot the system.
You can also modify the PVC 8/35. If you need to modify the LAN IP address and
DHCP server information, you can operate in LAN in Advanced Setup.
After the dial-up is complete, the IP address that the Modem obtains at the
WAN-side port ppp_8_35_1. Query Device Info > Route, and the route interface is
as follows.
After the built-in PPPoA dial-up is successful, the created WAN-side port is
ppp_8_35_1.
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4.2 PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Mode
Description
In this example, the modem is connected to the DSLAM through PVC 8/35 and the
access mode is the built-in PPPOE+NAT. The encapsulation of the BRAS downlink
port is PPP over Ethernet, the authentication is AUTO, the IP address is
10.28.106.200, the IP Pool is 10.28.106.*, and the IP address of uplink port is
10.61.92.157. The IP of the WAN port on the modem is dynamically assigned by
BRAS through the built-in PPPOE dial-up. The PC attached to the modem is
assigned with a private IP address (within the same segment as the management
IP of the modem). The NAT function of the modem is enabled and the private
address of the PC is translated to the public address 10.28.106.* (2~254)
dynamically assigned by BRAS for accessing ISP.
The IP address of the PC can be fixed (as in this example) or assigned through
DHCP Server of the modem. If it is assigned by the DHCP server, the DHCP
functions of the modem must be enabled. The IP address of the DHCP address
pool is 192.168.1.* (2~254). The functions are enabled by default and at the same
time the PC is configured to obtain IP and DNS addresses dynamically.
Setting Procedure
Step 1 Open the Internet browser and enter 192.168.1.1 in the
address bar to
log in to the modem.
Step 2 Choose Advanced Setup > WAN and click Add.
Step 3 In the ATM PVC Configuration page, set VPI/VCI to 8/35 and click Next.
Step 4 In the Connection Type page, select PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) and set
the Encapsulation Mode to LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, and then click Next.
123
Step 5 In the PPP User name and Password page, enter the user name and
password provided by your ISP. Then, click Next.
Step 6 In the Enable IGMP Multicast and WAN Service page, keep the default
settings and click Next.
Step 7 Confirm the network configuration and ensure that all settings are
consistent with the data provided by your ISP. Then, click Save.
Step 8 Click Save/Reboot to apply the changes and reboot the modem.
You can also modify the PVC 8/35. To modify the LAN IP address and DHCP
server information, set in LAN in Advanced Setup.
After the dial-up is successful, the modem obtains the IP address at the WAN-side
port ppp_8_35_1.
Choose Device Info > Route and the route table is as follows.
4.3 MER + DHCP Mode
Description
In this example, the modem is connected to the DSLAM through PVC 8/35 and the
access mode is the MER+NAT. The downlink interface of BRAS is encapsulated in
1483B, the IP address is 10.28.108.1 and the DHCP Server is enabled, the
address pool is 10.28.108.* (2~254), and the IP address of the uplink interface is
124
10.61.92.157. The WAN IP address of the modem is automatically obtained
through DHCP. The PC attached to the modem is assigned with a private IP
address (within the same segment as the management IP address 192.168.1.1).
The NAT functions of the modem is enabled and the private address of the PC is
translated to the public address 10.28.108.* (2~254) dynamically assigned by
BRAS for accessing ISP.
The IP address of the PC can be fixed (as in this example) or assigned through
DHCP server of the modem. If it is assigned by the DHCP server, the DHCP
functions of the modem must be enabled. The IP address of the DHCP address
pool is 192.168.1.* (2~254). The functions are enabled by default and at the same
time the PC is configured to obtain IP and DNS addresses dynamically.
Setting Procedure
Step 1 Open the Internet browser and enter 192.168.1.1 in the address bar to log
in to the modem.
Step 2 Choose Advanced Setup > WAN and click Add.
Step 3 In the ATM PVC Configuration page, set VPI/VCI to 8/35 and click Next.
Step 4 In the Connection Type page, select MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER)
and set the Encapsulation Mode to LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, and then
click Next.
Step 5 In the WAN IP Settings page, select Obtain an IP address automatically,
Obtain default gateway automatically and Obtain a DNS server address
automatically. Then, click Next.
Note: You can manually configure the WAN IP address, default gateway, and DNS
server address.
Step 6 In the Network Address Translation Settings page, enable the NAT and
firewall. Keep default settings for other fields. Then, click Next.
Step 7 Confirm the network configuration and ensure that all settings are
consistent with the data provided by your ISP. Then, click Save.
Step 8 Click Save/Reboot to apply the changes and reboot the modem.
You can also modify the PVC 8/35. To modify the LAN IP address and DHCP
server information, set in LAN in Advanced Setup.
After the configuration is complete, the modem obtains the IP address at the
WAN-side port nas_8_35. Choose Device Info > Route and the routing table is as
follows.
125
If Enable NAT is disabled during the configuration, you must configure the route on
the BRAS. Otherwise, you cannot access your ISP. In actual application, Enable
NAT must be selected.
4.4 IP over ATM (IPoA) + NAT Mode
Description
In this example, the modem is connected to the DSLAM through PVC 8/35 and the
access mode is the IPOA+NAT. The downlink interface of BRAS is encapsulated in
1483R, the IP address is 20.1.1.1, the IP address of the uplink interface is
10.61.92.157, and the WAN IP address of the modem is assigned as 20.1.1.2. The
PC attached to the modem is assigned with a private IP address (within the same
segment as the management IP address 192.168.1.1) . The NAT functions of the
modem is enabled, and the private address of the PC is translated into the public
address 20.1.* (2~254) dynamically assigned by BRAS for accessing ISP.
The IP address of the PC can be fixed (as in this example) or assigned through
DHCP Server of the modem. If it is assigned by DHCP server, the DHCP functions
of the modem must be enabled. The IP address of the DHCP address pool is
192.168.1.* (2~254). The functions are enabled by default and at the same time
the PC is configured to obtain IP and DNS addresses dynamically.
126
Setting Procedure
Step 1 Open the Internet browser and enter 192.168.1.1 in the address bar to log
in to the modem.
Step 2 Choose Advanced Setup > WAN and click Add.
Step 3 In the ATM PVC Configuration page, set VPI/VCI to 8/35 and click Next.
Step 4 In the Connection Type page, select IP over ATM (IPoA) and set the
Encapsulation Mode to LLC/SNAP-ROUTING, and then click Next.
Step 5 In the WAN Settings page, enter the IP address, subnet mask, and DNS
server address provided by your ISP. Do not select Use the following
default gateway. Then, click Next.
WAN IP Address: 20.1.1.2
WAN Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Primary DNS server: 168.95.1.1
Secondary DNS server: 168.95.192.1
Step 6 In the Network Address Translation Settings page, enable the NAT and
firewall. Keep default settings for other fields. Then, click Next.
Step 7 Confirm the network configuration and ensure that all settings are
consistent with the data provided by your ISP. Then, click Save.
Step 8 Click Save/Reboot to apply the changes and reboot the modem.
You can also modify the PVC 8/35. To modify the LAN IP address and DHCP
server information, set in LAN in Advanced Setup.
After the configuration is complete, the modem WAN-side interface is ipa_8_35.
If Enable NAT is disabled during the configuration, you must configure the route on
the BRAS. Otherwise, you cannot access your ISP. In actual application, Enable
NAT must be selected.
127
4.5 Leased Line Mode
Description
In this example, the modem is connected to the DSLAM through PVC 8/35 and the
access mode is pure Bridging. The uplink interface of BRAS is encapsulated as
1483B, the IP address is 10.28.108.1, and the IP address of the uplink interface is
10.61.92.157. The PC attached to the modem is assigned a public IP address and
the gateway is 10.28.108.1.
Setting Procedure
Step 1 Open the Internet browser and enter 192.168.1.1 in the address bar to log
in to the modem.
Step 2 Choose Advanced Setup > WAN and click Add.
Step 3 In the ATM PVC Configuration page, set VPI/VCI to 8/35 and click Next.
Step 4 In the Connection Type page, select Bridging and set the Encapsulation
Mode to LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, and then click Next.
Step 5 In the Unselect the check box below to disable this WAN service page,
keep the default settings and click Next.
Step 6 Confirm the network configuration and ensure that all settings are
consistent with the data provided by your ISP. Then, click Save.
Step 7 Click Save/Reboot to apply the changes and reboot the modem.
You can also modify the PVC 8/35. To modify the LAN IP address and DHCP
server information, set in LAN in Advanced Setup.
Note: In the pure Bridging mode, there is no interface at the WAN side of the
modem.
128
5 Q&A
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
Q: Why all LED indicators are off?
A:
 Check the connection between the power adaptor and the power
socket.
 Check the power switch is on or not.
Q: Why Ethernet LED is not lighting?
A:
 Check the connection between the ADSL modem and your computer,
hub, or switch.
 Check the running status of your PC, hub, or switch, and ensure that
they are working normally.
Q: Why DSL LED is not lighting?
A: Check the connection between the ADSL “LINE” port and the wall jack.
Q: Why cannot visit Internet with ADSL LED is on?
A: Ensure that the following information is correctly entered.
 VPI/VCI
 Username/password.
Q: Why cannot open the Modem Web configuration page?
A: Follow below steps to check the communication between the computer
and modem.
 Choose Start > Run from the desktop, and ping 192.168.1.1 (the IP
address of the modem).
 If the modem cannot be reached, please check following
configuration:
– Type of the network cable
– Connection between the modem and computer
– TCP/IP configuration of you computer
Q: How to load the default setting after incorrect configuration?
A:
 To restore the factory default, keep the device powered on and push a
needle into the hole. Press down the button about 3 seconds and then
release.
129
 The default IP address and subnet mask of the modem are
192.168.1.1 and 255.255.255.0 respectively.
 The Username and password are admin and admin respectively.
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