Dataguzzler Developer`s Guide

Dataguzzler: A Platform for High Performance Laboratory Data
Acquisition
Stephen D. Holland
Version 1.0.0-rc4-devel — September 14, 2007
Dataguzzler was written by Stephen D. Holland at the Iowa State University Center for Nondestructive Evaluation.
See the Dataguzzler web site at http://ahab.cnde.iastate.edu/∼ sdh4/dg web/ for more information about
Dataguzzler.
Dataguzzler is Copyright (C) 2005-2006 by Iowa State University.
Dataguzzler is released under the GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 licenses, with exceptions. Go to
http://ahab.cnde.iastate.edu/∼ sdh4/dg web/dataguzzler/COPYING.txt for more information on TERMS AND
CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION.
This material is based upon work supported by the Air Force Research Laboratory under Contract
#FA8650-04-C-5228 at Iowa State University’s Center for NDE.
This material is based upon work supported by the Federal Aviation Administration under Contract
#DTFA03-98-D-00008, Delivery Order #0037 and performed at Iowa State University’s Center for NDE as part of
the Engine Titanium Consortium Phase III Thermal Acoustic Studies program.
Thanks to Ricky Reusser for designing the original logo and Kira Scott for drawing the new logo. Thanks to David
Holland for suggestions on interfacing with the operating system.
Please take note of the warranty information as stated in the GPL v2.0 license:
NO WARRANTY
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY
FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES
PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS
TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE
PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING,
REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR
REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES,
INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING
OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY
YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER
PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
1
Contents
Introduction
15
1 Building and Installing Dataguzzler
16
1.1
Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1.2
Recommended Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1.3
Compatible measurement hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1.4
Compile-time configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1.5
Building dataguzzler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1.6
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
1.6.1
Security and permissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2 System Construction (Software)
20
2.1
Overall architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.2
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.3
2.2.1
Specifying the configuration file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.2.2
Configuration file format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2
3 The dataguzzler kernel
23
3.1
Kernel functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.3
Kernel commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
SET
3.4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Kernel API and internals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.4.1
The connection database
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.4.2
The module database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.3
Multithreading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.4.4
The rpc library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
4 AnaGram, M4, and Syntax Files
30
4.1
AnaGram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
4.2
M4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4.3
Module support code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
5 System Control
33
5.1
Manual control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
5.2
Oscilloscope display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
5.3
Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
5.3.1
dg save settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
5.3.2
dg restore settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
5.3.3
dg grab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
5.3.4
dg grab txt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3
5.3.5
dg cmd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.3.6
dg upload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.3.7
dg upload txt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.3.8
dg upload tiff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.3.9
dg snapshot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.3.10 dg load snapshot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
5.4
API Reference
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
6 Library Reference
6.1
6.2
39
wfmstore.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
6.1.1
Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
6.1.2
Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
6.1.3
Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
6.1.4
Metadata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
6.1.5
Physical storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
fftwlink.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
6.2.1
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
6.2.2
Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
6.2.3
Global variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
6.2.4
Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
6.2.5
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
6.3
library prototype.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
6.4
metadata.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
6.4.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
4
6.4.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
6.4.3
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
metadata:SETSTATICMETADATUM
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
metadata:ADDQUERYMETADATUM
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
metadata:DELMETADATUM
6.5
6.6
multiio.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
6.5.1
Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
6.5.2
URI’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
dg python.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
6.6.1
6.7
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
dio8bit.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
6.7.1
6.8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
das4020dio.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
6.8.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
6.8.2
Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
7 Module Reference
7.1
auth.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
7.1.1
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
7.1.2
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
AUTH
7.2
53
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
module prototype.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
7.2.1
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
7.2.2
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
5
moduleprototype:CHx:PROBEATTEN
moduleprototype:FREQ
7.3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
wfmio.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
7.3.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
7.3.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
7.3.3
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
wfmio:COPY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
wfmio:DATA
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
wfmio:DATASHM
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
wfmio:DELETEALL
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
wfmio:DELETE
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
wfmio:GLOBALREADYREV
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
wfmio:GLOBALREADYREVTIMEOUT
wfmio:GLOBALREV
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
wfmio:GLOBALREVTIMEOUT
wfmio:LIST
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
wfmio:LISTREADY
wfmio:LISTLOCK
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
wfmio:LISTREADYLOCK
wfmio:METADATA
wfmio:REALSZ
wfmio:REVISION
wfmio:REVISIONLOCK
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
6
wfmio:REVISIONREADYLOCK
wfmio:RPCDATA
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
wfmio:RPCDATADONE
wfmio:UNLOCK
wfmio:WFMS
7.4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
wfmmath.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
7.4.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
7.4.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
7.4.3
Writing mathematical functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
7.4.4
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
wfmmath:CLEARAVG
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
wfmmath:CLEARACCUM
wfmmath:DEF
wfmmath:ENABLE
wfmmath:ENABLED
wfmmath:DISABLE
wfmmath:UNDEF
wfmmath:UNDEFALL
wfmmath:WAITAVG
7.5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
das4020capture.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
7.5.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
7.5.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
7.5.3
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
7
das4020capture:ATRIGHIGH
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
das4020capture:ATRIGLOW
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
das4020capture:ATRIGMODE
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
das4020capture:CALCSYNC
das4020capture:CLKSRC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
das4020capture:DSFACTOR
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
das4020capture:FIFOSIZE
das4020capture:FREQ
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
das4020capture:HWFREQ
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
das4020capture:HWTRIGSRC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS
das4020capture:CHi:PROBEATTEN
das4020capture:CHi:RANGE
das4020capture:SAMPLECNT
7.6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
edtcapture.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
7.6.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
7.6.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
7.6.3
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
edtcapture:CALCSYNC
edtcapture:GEOMETRY
7.7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
hp34401 thermistor.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
7.7.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
7.7.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
8
7.7.3
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
hp34401thermistor:TEMP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
hp34401thermistor:TEMPREV
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
hp34401thermistor:WAITTEMPREV
7.8
agilent33x20awg.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
7.8.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
7.8.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
7.8.3
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
agilent33x20awg:AMPL
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
agilent33x20awg:ARBCHAN
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
agilent33x20awg:NCYC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
agilent33x20awg:NUMPOINTS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
agilent33x20awg:OFFSET
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
agilent33x20awg:OUTPUT
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
agilent33x20awg:SAMPLERATE
agilent33x20awg:TRIGSRC
7.9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
tabor5061awg.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.9.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.9.2
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.9.3
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
tabor5061awg:AMPL
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN
tabor5061awg:EXTCLKFREQ
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
9
tabor5061awg:NCYC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
tabor5061awg:NUMPOINTS
tabor5061awg:OFFSET
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
tabor5061awg:OUTPUT
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
7.10 wfmgen.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
7.10.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
7.10.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
7.10.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
wfmgen:BURST
wfmgen:DT
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
wfmgen:FUNC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
wfmgen:GAUSSIAN
wfmgen:SINC
wfmgen:SWEEP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
wfmgen:SWEEPENVELOPE
wfmgen:TIMEDELAY
wfmgen:WINDOW
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
7.11 polytecvibrometer.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
7.11.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
7.11.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
7.11.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
polytecvibrometer:AUTOFOCUS
polytecvibrometer:DELAY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
10
polytecvibrometer:FOCUSPOSITION
polytecvibrometer:RANGE
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
polytecvibrometer:SIGNALLEVEL
polytecvibrometer:WAITAUTOFOCUS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
7.12 pyscript.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
7.12.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
7.12.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
7.12.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
7.13 time.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
7.13.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
7.13.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
7.13.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
time:DELAY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
time:TIMESTAMP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
7.14 simpletrigger.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
7.14.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
7.14.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
7.14.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
simpletrigger:MODE
simpletrigger:RATE
simpletrigger:TRIGGER
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
7.15 isutriggen.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
7.15.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
11
7.15.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
7.15.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
isutriggen:CLOCKFREQ
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED
isutriggen:CAMFREERUN
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
isutriggen:ALLOWTRIGGER
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
isutriggen:TRIGMINDELAY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
isutriggen:FCNGENLATENCY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
isutriggen:CAMERALATENCY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
isutriggen:CAMTRIGPERIOD
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
isutriggen:CAMTRIGFRAMES
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
isutriggen:TRIGGER
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
isutriggen:NEXTCAMFRAMETIME
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
isutriggen:RESETCAMFRAMETIME
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
7.16 das4020dac.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
7.16.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
7.16.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
7.16.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
das4020dac:GAIN
das4020dac:VOLTAGE
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
12
7.17 genericscpi.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
7.17.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
7.17.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
7.17.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
7.18 acr9000.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
7.18.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
7.18.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
7.18.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
acr9000:AXIS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
acr9000:AXIS:CANCEL
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
acr9000:AXIS:MOVING
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
acr9000:AXIS:NOM
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
acr9000:AXIS:REL
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
acr9000:AXIS:STATUS
acr9000:WAIT
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
7.19 subproc.so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
7.19.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
7.19.2 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
7.19.3 Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
A Dataguzzler native binary file format
196
A.1 Standardized file name extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
A.2 File access API . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
A.2.1 Reading a Dataguzzler file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
13
A.2.2 Writing a Dataguzzler file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
A.2.3 MATLAB/Octave file access library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
A.2.4 Python file access library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
B IR Camera Calibration
202
B.1 Blackbody calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
B.2 Graybody correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
B.3 Bad Pixel Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
B.4 IR Camera Calibration and Bad Pixel Correction in Dataguzzler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
C License
205
14
Introduction
We have developed a new data acquisition software architecture with thermosonic nondestructive testing as its first
application. The architecture was designed for for optimal flexibility, robustness, and performance given the varied
requirements of thermosonic measurement. It consists of a communications protocol, an event driven dispatch loop,
and a set of libraries and modules for acquiring, processing, and communicating data.
15
Chapter 1
Building and Installing Dataguzzler
1.1
Software Requirements
(development components of all libraries are required)
• Linux 2.6 series or higher kernel.
• A LaTeX distribution with PDF support (e.g. tetex) (for building the documentation).
• libcap 1.10 or better (OS component)
• OpenGL libraries (OS component)
• FreeGLUT (OS component or freeglut.sourceforge.net)
1.2
Recommended Software
(development components of all libraries are required)
• FFTW 3.1 or higher, installed with both single- and double-precision support. (OS component or
www.fftw.org)
• Octave 2.9.4 or higher (OS component or www.octave.org).
• Python 2.4 or higher (OS component or www.python.org)
16
1.3
Compatible measurement hardware
(these must be configured in dataguzzler.conf)
• Aglient 33120A and 33220A arbitrary waveform generators, over GPIB, RS-232, or TCP/IP as supported by
the instrument.
• Measurement Computing PCI-DAS4020/12 waveform capture card with Warren Jasper’s Linux driver from
ftp://lx10.tx.ncsu.edu/pub/Linux/drivers
• EDT PCI DV CLINK image capture card (grayscale only) with EDTpdv drivers (www.edt.com)
• HP 34401 Multimeter with a thermistor attached, used as a thermometer over GPIB or RS-232.
• PolyTec OFV-5000 Vibrometer Controller, over RS-232.
• Various GPIB cards supported by the linux-gpib project (linux-gpib.sourceforge.net) through the multiio.so
I/O library (included in dataguzzler).
• Many SCPI compliant laboratory instruments with the genericscpi module.
• Tabor WW5061 Arbitrary Waveform Generator.
• Parker/Compumotor ACR-9000 Motion Controller.
1.4
Compile-time configuration
Inspect defs.mk for any parameters that might need adjustment (most parameters are set automatically). The
most commonly adjusted parameter is PREFIX, the install prefix (which defaults to /usr/local. You may also
want to adjust CFLAGS to disable debugging and turn on optimization or vice-versa.
1.5
Building dataguzzler
Use the ’make’ command to compile dataguzzler. After the build is completed, it will respond with the build
status, e.g.:
Build status
-----------Developer’s reference guide doc/ref.pdf: built
dataguzzler server server/dataguzzler: built
FFTW support server/libraries/fftwlink.so: built
17
DAS4020 support server/modules/das4020capture.so: built
MultiIO library server/libraries/multiio.so: built
MultiIO library GPIB support: Enabled
EDT Camera Link support server/modules/edtcapture.so: built
dataguzzler library lib/libdataguzzler.a: built
oscilloscope display scope/dg_scope: built
Python support server/libraries/dg_python.so: built
Look for any components which should have been built but were not. Scroll back and look for error messages to
help troubleshoot.
The following make commands are supported:
• make all (default)
• make install Install dataguzzler into the PREFIX specified in defs.mk
• make clean Remove object, emacs backup, and core dump files.
• make distclean Remove object, emacs backup, and core dump files as well as binaries.
• make depend Recalculate dependencies
1.6
Installation
Type make install to install dataguzzler into the PREFIX specified in defs.mk. This will create a directory
PREFIX/dataguzzler-<version> containing the dataguzzler binaries. It will also put symbolic links to the
dataguzzler programs in PREFIX/bin and a symbolic link PREFIX/dataguzzler to
PREFIX/dataguzzler-<version>. It is suggested that you copy a dataguzzler configuration file into
PREFIX/dataguzzler-<version>/dataguzzler.conf. This configuration file probably needs to be selected or edited
to use only the hardware and software you have installed. See section 2.2 for more information on configuring
Dataguzzler.
1.6.1
Security and permissions
Dataguzzler by default installs as a setuid-root executable. While this technically is a security risk, such risk is
minimized by the fact that Dataguzzler immediately drops root permissions on startup (top of main() in main.c).
When run as a setuid-root program on Linux, Dataguzzler requests the following special permissions and
capabilities from the operating system before discarding its privledges:
• RLIMIT MEMLOCK set to RLIM INFINITY (see setrlimit(2)).
18
• CAP SYS NICE to allow the use of POSIX realtime priorities. (see capabilities(7)).
• CAP SYS RAWIO to allow direct hardware or direct USB bus access if necessary (see capabilities(7)). Note
that this capability is discarded for security reasons if dataguzzler is given an explicit path to a configuration
file.
Whether or not dataguzzler is run setuid-root, permissions should be properly set for the device nodes (in /dev) of
hardware devices so that they can be used. To make device node permissions persistent, configure udev in
/etc/udev.
19
Chapter 2
System Construction (Software)
2.1
Overall architecture
The primary software component of the data acquisition architecture is the dataguzzler program. The
dataguzzler program accepts commands from the keyboard or TCP/IP connections and passes these commands on
to loadable modules. The modules process commands, return results, and simultaneously interface with the data
acquisistion hardware. The modules can make use of loadable libraries as well as other modules. In addition,
external programs can communicate with the dataguzzler program by TCP/IP. For example, an oscillosope display,
scope, is commonly used to display live waveforms. The dg grab and dg upload programs are used to download
waveforms from and upload waveforms to the dataguzzler program.
2.2
Configuration
The dataguzzler program is configured at run time according to a configuration file. The configuration file specifies
which libraries and modules to load and allows passing configuration parameters to those modules.
2.2.1
Specifying the configuration file
The configuration file name is specified on the Dataguzzler command line. If no configuration file name is specified,
the default is “dataguzzler.conf”. If the configuration file name contains slashes, it is interpreted as a path to a
specific file (note that in this case the CAP SYS RAWIO capabilitity is relinquished. See sect. 1.6.1.). Otherwise
the configuration file is found by searching the following directories, in order:
20
1. /etc
2. <prefix>/etc (where <prefix> is the installation prefix, e.g. /usr/local)
3. <bindir>/.. (where <bindir> is the directory containing the dataguzzler binary)
4. <bindir> (as above)
2.2.2
Configuration file format
The syntax of the configuration file is best described by example:
library "libraries/wfmstore.so" { }
library "libraries/metadata.so" { }
module prototype("modules/module_prototype.so") {
cardname="/dev/mydevice"
}
module wfm("modules/wfmio.so") { }
module auth("modules/auth.so") {
AuthCode(127.0.0.1) = "xyzzy"
}
main {
TCPPort=1649
maxtimeout=100 ms
}
This example configuration file first loads the “wfmstore.so” library with no parameters, then loads the
“module prototype.so” dummy module with the parameter “cardname” set to “/dev/mydevice”. It then loads the
“wfmio.so” waveform transfer module with no parameters and the “auth.so” remote authentcation module with
one authentication code defined. The order of entries in the configuration file determines the order in which the
modules and libraries are loaded. See the documentation for specific modules and libraries for specific prerequisites.
In general, libraries will not be dependent on modules, so libraries should appear at the top of the configuration file
and should be loaded first. Parameters for the dataguzzler kernel should be in a block preceded by the keyword
“main”. Documentation for the module parameters and dataguzzler kernel parameters is found in the relevant
section of the manual. If the dataguzzler binary is setuid root, then dataguzzler will relinquish root privledges after
reading the configuration file and initializing libraries and modules.
21
2.3
Documentation
Obviously architecture-oriented documentation such as this manual is useful for the data acquistions system
designer, not for the end-users of the data acquisition system. This manual is typeset in LaTeX and written in such
away that the data acquisition system designer can write a manual that extracts relevant information from this
manual and presents it in a form suitable for end-users.
22
Chapter 3
The dataguzzler kernel
3.1
Kernel functionality
The kernel consists of program initialization, including config file processing, the main event loop, command i/o
and processing, and various required libraries. The libraries in the kernel are:
• linklist: Used internally and by various modules for managing linked lists.
• library: Used for loading external libraries.
• mod: Used for loading external modules.
• multipoll: Improvement over the POSIX poll() system call, used internally.
• stringstack: A library for manipulating stacks of strings. Used internally by the configfile parser and by
various module command parsers.
• util: Miscellaneous convenience routines.
• rpc: Remote procedure call library for calling modules from within dataguzzler.
3.2
Configuration parameters
The kernel is configured by specifying parameters within a “main” section in the configuration file:
23
Parameter
SetQueryPrefix
Type
quoted string
SetQueryPostfix
quoted string
TCPPort
maxtimeout
integer
float, opt. units
rt priority
integer
mlockall
boolean
initcommand
string
setqueryfilter
string
3.3
Value
A prefix to be placed in front of the response to all
SET queries
A postfix to be placed at the end of the response to all
SET queries
The TCP/IP port number for control input
The maximum timeout length for the main event loop.
Milliseconds are assumed if units are not specified.
POSIX SCHED RR realtime priority. Default is nonrealtime SCHED OTHER priority. Note that this
should be set in a main section at the top of the
configuration file so that threads started by the various modules can inherit the realtime priority if they
so desire (some do, some don’t).
if TRUE, prevent dataguzzler memory from being
swapped out to disk. Default FALSE.
Execute the specified string during initialization,
before accepting external or keyboard commands.
initcommand can be specified multiple times and the
strings are concatenated with semicolons.
specifies a command which will be filtered from the
results of SET? queries.
Kernel commands
(kernel commands begin on next page)
24
SET
Syntax
SET?
Description
Query the settings of the dataguzzler server
Parameters
None
Notes
• This command returns most of the internal settings of the data acquisition server, formatted such
that they can be saved and resubmitted to restore the internal state.
• This command returns multiple responses to a single query.
See also
25
3.4
3.4.1
Kernel API and internals
The connection database
Each connection is defined by a struct Conn:
struct Conn {
struct Node Node;
int ReadSock,WriteSock;
int CloseReadSock,CloseWriteSock; /* set if we need to close() ReadSock/WriteSock when we close the conne
struct sockaddr *Addr;
/* Buffers for data pre-read from ReadSock */
struct ConnBuf *InStream;
/* Data waiting to go out to OutSock */
struct ConnBuf *OutStream;
/* data already extracted from InStream */
struct ConnBuf *CurCommand;
int CurCommandContinues; /* CurCommand ended with a semicolon, so the next command is part of the same se
/* current result under construction */
struct ConnBuf *CurResult;
int Auth; /* non-zero if authenticated */
int Closing; /* non-zero if closing in progress */
int LastErrorCode;
struct pollfd WakeupFd; /* poll() for this fd and event mask and retry processing of CurCommand.
WakeupFd.revent will be set with the received mask. */
struct timespec WakeupTime; /* (0,0) indicates no timeout req’d */
struct List CloseNotifyList;
};
This structure defines the data stored for each control connection, including stdin/stdout and any TCP/IP control
connections. Pending data is stored in struct ConnBuf:
struct ConnBuf {
char *Data;
26
int Size; /* allocated size. 1 extra byte beyond this always allocated for a 0 terminator */
int Len; /* amount actually used */
Once Conn.InStream contains a complete command to be processed, it is transfered to Conn.CurCommand for
processing. Then the target module is determined and the appropriate handling function is called. If the function
cannot return immediately, it returns -1 (PRS RETRY) and will be called again on the next pass through the main
loop. The handling function writes its result to Conn.CurResult using the ResPrintf() function and when complete
Conn.CurResult is flushed to the output socket.
The WakeupFd specifies a file descriptor to poll() and WakeupTime specifies a time to wakeup to ensure that the
handling function is called again at the proper time.
The CloseNotifyList contains entries of struct ConnCloseNotify that will be used to notify modules if this
connection closes. This is used, for example, to ensure that locked waveforms are automatically unlocked if the
connection locking those waveforms dies.
3.4.2
The module database
The kernel maintains a master list of modules each defined by a struct Module:
struct Module {
struct Node Node;
int initializing;
int (*ProcessCommand)(struct Module *Mod, struct Conn *Conn,char *CmdBuf,int CmdBufLen);
char *Name;
struct timespec WakeupTime; /* this bounds waiting in the main event loop. zero indicates ignore */
void (*BackgroundJob)(struct Module *Mod); /* if non-NULL, executed every main loop, immediately after se
struct pollfd WakeupEvent; /* should poll() for this event */
void (*WakeupJob)(struct Module *Mod,int evmask); /* Executed in response to WakeupEvent */
};
It should be mentioned that most modules actually use a longer structure which begins with a struct Module.
Therefore the module pointer can be equivalently treated either as a struct Module or as the module-specific
structure.
• initializing is a flag that indictates that the module’s initialization routine is still being called.
• ProcessCommand() is the routine called when the kernel has determined that the command in
Conn.CurCommand should be processed by this module. Return values are defined in mod.h PRS . . . .
• WakeupTime is used to bound the poll() timeout in the main loop.
27
• BackgroundJob() is called every pass through the main loop.
• WakeupEvent is a poll() criteron for the main loop, and
• WakeupJob() is called when a WakeupEvent has occured.
3.4.3
Multithreading
The kernel runs a single event-driven thread. Nevertheless, it is expected that modules or libraries will need to
spawn off threads in order to complete tasks asynchronously with the main kernel thread. Thread-safety of library
routines will be discussed in the documentation of that library; In general, kernel routines are NOT thread safe,
however there are some exceptions. The following routines are thread-safe.
• util.c
– FindEOL();
– PTimeDiff();
– my infnan();
• main.c
– setnonblocking()
• linklist.c,stringstack.c
– All routines provided the list/stack involved is somehow locked by the thread.
The best way to notify the kernel that a thread has completed its duties is to write a character to a pipe that the
kernel has been told to wait on.
3.4.4
The rpc library
The RPC library provides routines that allow for “remote procedure calls” between modules. Both synchronous
and asynchronous calls are supported. The simplest routine is rpc synchronous():
rpc synchronous
int rpc synchronous(char **res, char *fmt, ...)
This routine makes an immediate RPC call as specified with the printf() style format string fmt. The function
returns 1 for success, -1 for error, or 0 if the call did not complete because it would have had to wait (waiting is not
permitted in routines called throught rpc synchronous()). rpc synchronous returns a pointer to the result string in
28
(*res). The caller needs to free(*res) when the caller is done with it. Note that there is also a routine: int
rpc synchronous(char **res, unsigned char *str); that takes a string argument instead of the printf() style
format string.
rpc asynchronous
void rpc asynchronous(struct Module *Mod,
struct Conn *Conn,
void *Param,
void (*Continuation)(int retval,
unsigned char *res,
struct Module *Mod,
struct Conn *Conn,
void *Param),
void (*ConnDestructor)(struct Module *Mod,struct Conn *Conn,void *Param),
char *fmt,...)
rpc asynchronous() makes asynchronous RPC calls to modules. The command string is defined by the printf-style
“fmt” parameter and subsequent optional parameters. When rpc asynchronous is called, it will attempt to complete
the call immediately, and may call Continuation() before returning. In general the provided Continuation()
routine will be called when the asynchronous command is complete. If neither Conn nor ConnDestructor are
NULL and the connection Conn is dropped before the asynchronous call completes, then the routine
ConnDestructor() will be called as the connection Conn is destroyed (and Continuation() will never be called).
Parameters to rpc asynchronous
• Conn: Connection this asynchronous call is associated with (NULL OK).
• Param: Arbitrary pointer to be passed to Continuation() and ConnDestructor().
• Continuation: Function to be called when asynchronous call is complete. Note that the res parameter must
be copied and will be free()’d after the continuation function returns.
• ConnDestructor: Function to be called if Conn is destroyed before asynchronous call is complete.
• fmt, ...: Printf style format string and optional parameters.
Note that there is a parallel call, rpc asynchronous str() that does not use the printf-style formatting.
29
Chapter 4
AnaGram, M4, and Syntax Files
4.1
AnaGram
The kernel needs to be able to parse (interpret) its configuration file. Modules need to be able to parse textual
commands issued to them. A parser generator known as AnaGram (formerly sold by Parsifal Software) generates
the parsers used by modules to parse commands and used by the kernel to parse its configuration file. This removes
the complexity of command and parameter parsing from the human-written code to computer generated code and
allows the modules to be written using what is known as “syntax-directed programming”. That is, code is
associated with “productions”. If the production is found in the input, then the corresponding code is executed.
For example:
(unsigned long)unsigned decinteger
-> DIGIT:d =(int)(d-’0’);
-> unsigned decinteger:i, DIGIT:d =(i*10)+(int)(d-’0’);
These three lines of code define the syntactic element “unsigned decinteger” (short for unsigned decimal integer).
They state that an unsigned decinteger (which has the C type of unsigned long) can consist of either a DIGIT or an
unsigned decinteger followed by a digit. As you can see, the definition is recursive, in that it can contain any
number of DIGITs. The productions are indicated by the arrow symbol “->”. When the production has been
identified in the input, the “reduction procedure” (the C code following the equals sign) is executed. Thus if the
characters “12345” are encountered, the first character is processed by the first production and the remaining
characters by the second production, and the result is that the numerical value 12345 is determined. It should be
warned that it is very easy to define an ambiguous syntax in this way. Readers are referred to the AnaGram
manual and the Parsifal Software web site, http://www.parsifalsoft.com for more information.
30
4.2
M4
While AnaGram is very effective at parsing, in a system such as this where there will be many independent parsers,
there will inevitably be a lot of duplication of primitive syntax elements (such as integers, floating point numbers,
quoted strings, etc.). To keep the amount of manually modified code under control the GNU M4 macro
preprocessor, http://www.gnu.org/software/m4/, is used to process include directives and other macros to
minimize the amount of code required in each module.
A variey of file name extensions are used by the M4-preprocessing and AnaGram. To avoid confustion these are
enumerated here.
1. “.synm4”: Syntax file to be processed by M4. This is the primary specification of the parser, and is usually
the correct file to manually modify.
2. “.syn”: Syntax file. In general, these files have already been processed by M4 and therefore should not be
manually edited. These are the input to AnaGram. Do not edit a .syn file if there is a corresponding .synm4
file.
3. “.synhm4”: Syntax file header to be included by M4. These files contain generic syntax used by multiple
parsers. They are incorporated by the use of the M4 “include” directive.
4. “.c” and “.h”: These may be manually written C code OR AnaGram generate parsers. Do not edit a .c or .h
file if there is a corresponding .syn or .synm4 file.
To avoid problems when writing .synm4 and .synhm4 files, the programmer must have an understanding of C,
AnaGram, and M4. For example, the C/AnaGram comment is /* This is a comment */ or // This is a comment to
the end of the line
The M4 comment is # This is a comment to the end of a line.
To completely comment out a line in this C/AnaGram/M4 hybrid language the string //# should be used to
introduce a comment to the end-of-line. This ensures that neigher M4 nor C/AnaGram will process anything in the
comment.
Certain commands are treated specially by M4 (unless they are preceded by a # comment initiator). These are
specified on the m4 man page. The most common are define, include, and ifdef. Be warned that if any of these
appear unintentionally in a .synm4 or .synhm4 file the results will be unexpected (and can be troubleshooted by
looking at the generated .syn file). A standard include file “stddef.synhm4” is provided that defines some standard
character sets but also changes the default M4 quote characters from ‘’ to something less likely to appear
unintentionally, [[]].
4.3
Module support code
The module source code directory include three files designed to be used in every module: module.c, module.h, and
module.synhm4. Together these three files provide the baseline code for an AnaGram/M4 module. See
31
module prototype.synm4 for an example of their use.
32
Chapter 5
System Control
5.1
Manual control
Dataguzzler is command driven. Commands may be issued either on the terminal from which dataguzzler was run
or over a TCP/IP connection. A TCP/IP connection can be established with the telnet command, e.g.:
linux% telnet localhost 1649
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to marius (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ’^]’.
auth xyzzy
200 00000009 AUTH OK
wcapt:freq?
200 00000019 WCAPT:FREQ 10 MHz
wcapt:freq 1 MHz
200 00000018 WCAPT:FREQ 1 MHz
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.
linux%
Let’s examine the above transcript and learn how to issue commands. The text in boldface indicates what was
typed by the user, while the typewriter text was generated by the computer.
Upon connecting to port 1649 (the dataguzzler port), the first command issued was auth xyzzy. This
authenticates the user to the dataguzzler server and must be done before any commands can be issued
(authentication is not necessary when typing commands on the console). Information on the AUTH command can
be found in chapter 7 on page 55.
33
Dataguzzler then responds inititally with exactly 17 characters. The first 3 characters are the return code in
decimal. 200 indicates success, 500 or higher indicates an error. The return code is followed by a space and 12 more
characters which indicate the length of the response (not including the 17 character header), again in decimal. This
is followed by a space, then the remainder of the response, with the length as specified. The response ends in a
carriage return and linefeed. These characters are included in the length count. In the case of the AUTH
command, the specified length was 9 characters. The actual response was “AUTH OK”, 7 characters, plus the
carriage return and linefeed, for a total of 9.
The AUTH OK response indicates that authentication has been successfully completed and that other commands
may be issued. The user then queries the waveform capture capture sample frequency (WCAPT:FREQ, pg. 107),
adjusts the capture frequency form 10 MHz to 1 Mhz, and exits.
The complete list of available commands can be found in chapter 7. It is important to realize that the oscilloscope
display program has no control capabilities whatsoever. Its sole purpose is to display the waveforms in the
dataguzzler memory. All acquisition parameter changes must be performed separately.
Normally each command transmitted is terminated by a carriage return, linefeed, or combination thereof. It is
possible to transmit a number of commands as a single atomic unit by separating them with semicolons instead.
The composite command must still have a linebreak at the end. The reply generated by the server will consist of a
single block containing the corresponding responses similarly separated by semicolons and with a carriage return /
linefeed pair at the end. In this situation all the specified commands will be executed together as an atomic unit
unless waiting is required by one of the commands. Commands that wait are documented as such in chapter 7. If
an error occurs while executing a command, the command’s reply may be replaced by an error message. The
substring “ERROR” should occur in this message before the first space.
5.2
Oscilloscope display
The oscilloscope display can be started with the dg scope command. The oscilloscope display assumes dataguzzler
is running on host localhost port 1649 with authentication code xyzzy. If dataguzzler is running elsewhere, these
parameters can be provided on the command line:
scope <hostname> <port> <authcode>
Additional parameters defined by X and GLUT can also be provided. See
http://www.opengl.org/developers/documentation/glut/spec3/node10.html for a complete list
The oscilloscope display provides live viewing of the waveforms in the dataguzzler memory, and real-time
manipulation of that view. The oscilloscope display is a tool only for viewing the dataguzzler waveforms and
settings. The oscilloscope display cannot be used to change the dataguzzler settings.
The oscilloscope display is designed for keyboard or combined mouse and keyboard interaction. The keyboard
commands are as follows:
34
Enter
Tab
Cursor left
Cursor right
Cursor down
Cursor up
Home
End
PgUp
PgDn
Insert
Delete
’,’
’.’
’c’
’o’
’z’
Disable or enable display selected waveform
Select next waveform
Increase Secs/Div, Hz/Div, or pixels/pixel (zoom out horizontally)
Decrease Secs/Div, Hz/Div, or pixels/pixel (zoom in horizontally)
Increase Volts/Div. (zoom out vertically) or decrease image contrast.
Decrease Volts/Div (zoom in vertically) or increase image contrast.
Increase t0 by one division (look later in waveform)
Decrease t0 by one division (look earlier in waveform)
Increase display offset of waveform by one vertical division
Decrease display offset of waveform by one vertical division
Increase image brightness
Decrease image brightness
Select previous frame of a multi-frame image.
Select next frame of a multi-frame image.
Cycle between colormaps for image displays
Set the position or offset to the median value of the selected waveform or frame
Zero the position and offset of the selected waveform or frame
The oscilloscope window consists of the active oscilloscope area, surrounded by informational displays. The left
edge of the window lists the names of the waveforms available from the server. The currently selected waveform
name is highlighted. Clicking on a waveform name will select that waveform. If an attenuating probe was used and
configured in the server that information (e.g. 10x) will be recorded after the waveform name. Next to the
waveform name is a clickable box which controls whether that waveform is currently displayed.
The top line of the window provides the acquisition parameters for the currently selected waveform. t0 is the time
of the first sample. Fs is the sample frequency. n is the total number of samples acquired, and rev is the waveform
revision. For AVG and AVGONCE waveforms, the status of the averaging is also indicated.
The bottom of the display lists the current display parameters. t0 is the time corresponding to the vertical line in
the center of the waveform display. f0 is is the frequency corresponding to the vertical line in the center of the
waveform display (for frequency domain waveforms). globalrev is the current overall waveform revision count.
Position is the vertical offset of the selected waveform.
The waveform display uses several techniques to reduce aliasing artifacts and improve signal comprehension. If
there are more than two waveform points corresponding to a particular vertical line of pixels on the display, then a
vertical line is drawn between the extreme pixels. For less than two points, the samples themselves are drawn. If
there is no waveform point corresponding to a particular point on the display, an interpolated value is drawn in a
lighter color. The user should be warned that the interpolation algorithm is approximate only. Proper interpolation
can be performed in post-processing using algorithms such as Matlab INTFILT.
A standalone version of the oscilloscope display can be run with the command dg scope sa. This version does not
require dataguzzler to be running, but instead displays one or more waveform file (.dgz) or snapshot file (.dgs)
specified on the command line.
35
5.3
5.3.1
Utilities
dg save settings
dg save settings is an external program that downloads the current state of dataguzzler and writes it to a file.
The general usage is:
dg save settings <settings file.set>
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
dg save settings stores the results of the WFM:WFMS? and SET? commands to the output file.
5.3.2
dg restore settings
dg restore settings is an external program that uploads a stored settings file to dataguzzler. The general usage
is:
dg restore settings <settings file.set>
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
dg restore settings assumes the file consists of two lines of commands. It passes both lines to dataguzzler to be
executed.
5.3.3
dg grab
dg grab is an external program that downloads waveforms from dataguzzler and writes them to dataguzzler format
binary files. See Appendix A for more information on the file format. The general usage is:
dg grab <waveform name> <file name> <waveform name2> <file name2> ...
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
As many (waveform name, file name) pairs as are desired can be specified.
5.3.4
dg grab txt
dg grab txt is an external program that downloads waveforms from dataguzzler and writes them to ASCII text
files. The general usage is:
dg grab txt <waveform name> <file name> <waveform name2> <file name2> ...
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
As many (waveform name, file name) pairs as are desired can be specified.
36
5.3.5
dg cmd
dg cmd issues a single command to dataguzzler and prints the response to stdout. The general usage is:
dg cmd <command>
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
5.3.6
dg upload
dg upload uploads a binary dataguzzler format file to dataguzzler. See Appendix A for more information on the
file format. The general usage is:
dg upload <waveform name> <file name> <waveform name2> <file name2> ...
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
As many (waveform name, file name) pairs as are desired can be specified.
5.3.7
dg upload txt
dg upload txt uploads an ASCII text waveform to dataguzzler. The general usage is:
dg upload txt <waveform name> <file name> <waveform name2> <file name2> ...
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
As many (waveform name, file name) pairs as are desired can be specified.
5.3.8
dg upload tiff
dg upload tiff uploads a TIFF image to dataguzzler as a grayscale. The general usage is:
dg upload tiff <waveform name> <file name> <waveform name2> <file name2> ...
Additionally -h <host name> and -a <authentication code> parameters may be provided.
As many (waveform name, file name) pairs as are desired can be specified. Note: dg upload tiff cannot read
grayscale images with more than 8 bits per pixel.
5.3.9
dg snapshot
dg snapshot saves a consistent snapshot of all waveforms (including dynamic waveforms) to the name (.dgs file)
specified on the command line.
37
5.3.10
dg load snapshot
dg load snapshot loads the waveforms in the .dgs file specified on the command line into dataguzzler. Please note
the potential for conflicts with pre-existing channels. Depending on the nature of the pre-existing channel, the
conflict may be resolved one way or the other. In general, only nonexistant channels or preexisting channels owned
by the WFMIO module can be overwritten by dg load snapshot.
5.4
API Reference
A library of C utility functions is installed in /usr/local/dataguzzler/lib, with include files in /usr/local/include. A
similar library of functions for Matlab or GNU Octave is installed in /usr/local/dataguzzler/matlab. These
libraries are used for convenient access to the dataguzzler server and provide routines for remote access and
waveform upload/download. Both APIs lack formal documentation at this time. Nevertheless, as the APIs are
simple and straightforward it should not be difficult to learn them anyway. All functions are prototyped in the
include files, and the source code for the utilities described above make excellent examples for the C library. For
the Matlab/Octave routines see the files dgf testread.m and dgf testwrite.m for simple examples, and proccalib.m
for a more complicated example.
38
Chapter 6
Library Reference
Introduction
Libraries are optional collections of routines that are loaded if specified in the configuration file. Unlike a module,
libraries are permitted static data (global variables). A library can be loaded only once – a second reference will
not load another copy of the library. In addition any global symbols (functions, global variables, etc.) defined in
the library are accessible to all other libraries and all modules.
Each library defines a function LibInit:
void LibInit(char *LibParams,int LibParamsLen);
This routine is called once when the library is loaded, and should be used by the library to perform any needed
global initializations.
6.1
wfmstore.so
The waveform store, wfmstore.so, is used to maintain a database of waveforms and waveform data. Of particular
note is the distinction between waveforms and channels.
39
6.1.1
Channels
The waveform store maintains a list of channels, each defined by a struct Channel:
struct Channel {
struct Node Node; /* on ChannelList */
char *ChannelName; /* Channel name (separate alloc) */
unsigned long long latestrevision; /* increment on every update (including delete) */
int Deleted; /* if non-zero, this waveform is deleted (but the structure is only
freed or removed from the ChannelList when it is recreated). If a waveform of the same name
is ever recreated, then store latestrevision, destroy this channel and create a new one with latestrevisi
struct List WfmList; /* list of waveforms in this channel */
struct List NotifyList; /* List of notifications (struct WfmNotify) to make
if new waveform is created */
int Volatile; /* does not need to be saved (OBSOLETE -- NOT USED) */
char *Creator; /* Creator module name */
void (*Destructor)(struct Channel *Chan); /* call this when channel deleted if not NULL */
void *ModSpecific; /* data owned by creator -- alternative to extending the structure */
/* may have creator-specific data beyond this point */
};
Each channel has a name (ChannelName) and a latestrevision. Latestrevision (except for a deleted channel) must
always indicate the revision number of an entry in the waveform list. Channels cannot be entirely erased – but the
channel will not appear when listed by the user if the Deleted flag is set. Channel.Creator is the name of the
module that created (and owns) the channel. Channel.Destructor() will be called when the channel is deleted.
Channel.NotifyList is a list of notifications to perform when a new waveform on this channel is created.
Use the CreateChannel() call to create a new (or reuse an old) channel. This will return the new channel or NULL
if a channel of the requested name already exists. A call to CreateChannel() MUST be followed immediately by a
call to CreateWfm() (see below)
6.1.2
Waveforms
The waveform store consists of each channel’s lists of waveforms, each defined by a struct Wfm:
struct Wfm {
struct Node Node; /* on WfmList */
char *ChannelName; /* separate alloc */
struct List MetaData;
int ReadyFlag; /* if zero, this is just a placeholder and no actual
data or metadata ready to be read in yet */
40
unsigned long long wfmrevision;
dg_real *data; /* pointer to mmap’d POSIX shared memory data */
size_t mmaplen; /* # of bytes for mmap/munmap() */
int len; /* total number of elements (=dimlen[0]*dimlen[1]*...*dimlen[ndim-1]) */
int ndim; /* number of dimensions */
int *dimlen; /* length of each dimension */
void (*Destructor)(struct Wfm *Wfm); /* call this on delete() if not NULL */
char *shm_name; /* POSIX shared memory file name */
int refcount; /* reference count for this waveform */
};
Essential to the definition of a waveform is whether the waveform is “ready”. A module should create a new
waveform when the meaningful event which defines the waveform has occurred by calling CreateWfm(). This is a
promise that the waveform data will be available soon. Once the waveform is complete, the creator should call
NotifyChannel() with WfmReady==1 to indicate that the waveform is ready. Modules can request notification
when specific channels get new waveforms and can use this to trigger updates. This is how the wfmmath.so module
works. When a waveform update is defined (WfmReady==0), wfmmath.so processes its dependencies and defines
new versions of all the dependent waveforms. As the calculations complete, those waveforms become “ready”. Once
they are all ready, that updated list of waveforms would be available from wfmio with WFMIO:LISTREADY?.
The ChannelName specifies the channel this waveform is on. MetaData is a list of MetaDatums containing useful
information about the channel (see the metadata section below). ReadyFlag indicates whether the enclosed data is
“Final” or in progress. In progress data should not (in general) be read as it is incomplete. wfmrevision indicates
the revision of the enclosed data. data points to the storage area for the waveform data. ndim is the number of
dimensions (must be at least 1). dimlen points to an array of integers that define the lengths of each dimension.
Destructor will be called when the waveform is deleted (because it is no longer in use). shm name defines the name
of the shared memory object (for shm open) for the waveform data. refcount is a reference count for the waveform.
It is automatically set to 1 when created to represent the fact that it is the current revision of its channel. When
another revision is created, this revisions reference count will be decremented and it will be automatically deleted
unless otherwise locked by a call to WfmReference(). Note that once the ReadyFlag is set, Wfm’s are “Final” and
may not be changed.
A new waveform is created by a call to CreateWfm(). Each call to CreateWfm() must be matched (not necessarily
immediately) with a call to NotifyChannel(Chan,Wfm,1) once the data for the new waveform is ready. Note that
between CreateWfm() and NotifyChannel() a waveform listing will show this as the current revision even though it
is not available yet. Any attempt to download the waveform or its metadata will result in the command being
blocked until the data is available.
6.1.3
Transactions
The StartTransaction() and EndTransaction() calls are used to ensure that if multiple waveforms are to be updated
as an atomic event, that the event is indeed treated as atomic. For example the CreateWfm() calls for each channel
of a multichannel waveform acquisition should be treated atomically. This is achieved by placing the CreateWfm()
41
calls between StartTransaction() and EndTransaction(). This results in update notifications being postponed until
EndTransaction() is called at which all of the new waveforms have been created. Transactions can be nested, but
notifications will only be generated once EndTransaction is called for the last time. Be warned that multiple
Update() calls can happen during EndTransaction, but that only the last is guaranteed to have all the latest
relevant versions defined.
6.1.4
Metadata
Each waveform is stored along with various metadata. Some of this metadata is standardized. Metadata can be of
type string, real, or integer. The standardized metadata elements are:
Name
Type
Value
ProbeAtten double Attenuation factor of probe
MinLevel
double minimum level achievable in this waveform
MaxLevel
double maximum level achievable in this waveform
CoordN
string
Axis label for dimension N
UnitsN
string
units for dimension N
IniValN
double Coordinate of first element of dimension N
StepN
double Element step size of dimension N
6.1.5
Physical storage
The acquired waveforms are stored in POSIX shared memory. On Linux this means the virtual directory
/dev/shm. By default, /dev/shm is limited in size to half the physical memory. When acquiring large waveforms or
large numbers of images or performing large amounts of averaging with AVG instead of AVGONCE this can fill up,
leading to a “Bus error”. Solutions include fixing any bug causing waveforms to stay in memory, using AVGONCE
instead of AVG, cleaning out cruft in /dev/shm (rm ‘‘/dev/shm/dg *’’), or expanding /dev/shm. /dev/shm can
be expanded by editing /etc/fstab and changing the options entry from defaults to size=4g or the size of your
choice.
6.2
fftwlink.so
fftwlink serves as a link to the FFTW library. It does four things:
1. Provides centralized configuration management.
2. Link in the FFTW library (version 3).
3. Provides uniform function names regardless of whether USE SINGLE PRECISION is set.
4. Provides a mutex to lock when calling fftw functions (except fftw execute()).
42
6.2.1
Configuration parameters
Parameter
nthreads
Type
integer
fftw
fftw
fftw
fftw
(none)
(none)
(none)
(none)
estimate
measure
patient
exhaustive
6.2.2
Value
number of threads to use for fftw calculations authentication code (default 2).
flag to enable FFTW ESTIMATE type planning
flag to enable FFTW MEASURE type planning
flag to enable FFTW PATIENT type planning
flag to enable FFTW EXHAUSTIVE type planning
Types
• fftwlink plan t: USE SINGLE PRECISION-independent replacement for fftw plan
6.2.3
Global variables
• int fftwlink nthreads: User configured number of threads
• pthread mutex t fftwlink mutex: Mutex to lock while calling fftw routines other than fftw execute.
• fftwlink planning flags: User specified flags to OR when creating a plan.
6.2.4
Functions
• fftwlink destroy plan(): USE SINGLE PRECISION-independent replacement for fftw destroy plan()
• fftwlink plan r2r 1d(): USE SINGLE PRECISION-independent replacement for fftw plan r2r 1d()
• fftwlink execute(): USE SINGLE PRECISION-independent replacement for fftw execute()
• fftwlink plan many r2r(): USE SINGLE PRECISION-independent replacement for fftw plan many r2r()
6.2.5
Notes
• You must pthread mutex lock() fftwlink mutex before making fftw calls. You should then
pthread mutex unlock() fftwlink mutex before calling fftwlink execute() on your plan so that other threads
can build plans while yours executes.
• If fftw measure, fftw patient, or fftw exhaustive are set, expect to wait a while for fftw to build wisdom.
During this time fftwlink mutex must be locked, so any other thread that tries to use fftw will block.
43
6.3
library prototype.so
This is an example library that uses an AnaGram parser to read its configuration file. The editable source file is
library prototype.synm4.
6.4
metadata.so
The metadata library extends the metadata-handling capabilities of wfmstore.so. It has two main functions:
1. Providing support routines for reading and writing metadata: EscapeMetaDatumString and
ParseEscapedMetaDatumString
2. Assisting modules that import external metadata when they create a waveform. Such modules create a
struct MetaData to store a list of preset metadata and a list of queries for dynamic metadata. When the
module creates a new waveform, it calls GrabNextMetaData() to snapshot the preset metadata and query the
dynamic metadata. As dynamic metadata may not be instantly available, the parameter DoneCallback() will
be called once all the dynamic metadata has been collected (but may be called immediately).
An illustrative example of AnaGram code for specifying metadata is in the comments at the start of metadata.c
6.4.1
Prerequisites
• Library rpc.so
6.4.2
Configuration parameters
The following configuration parameters are used not by the metadata library itself, but by modules which subscribe
to its services:
Parameter
Type
Value
setstaticmetadatum(identifier)
metadatum value
Specify a metadatum name (identifier) and value to be
specified with new waveforms created by this module.
The metadatum value can be a quoted string to create
a string metadatum, can be an integer (no decimal
point) to create an integer metadatum, or can be a
number with a decimal point to create a floatin point
metadatum.
addquerymetadatum(identifier) quoted string
Specify that the module should issue the command
specified by the quoted string and interpret the result
as the value of a metadatum named by the identifier.
44
6.4.3
Commands
Since metadata.so is a library, not a module, it cannot accept commands directly. However, the following
commands are accepted by modules which subscribe to metadata.so’s services:
(commands begin on next page)
45
metadata:SETSTATICMETADATUM
Syntax
metadata:SETSTATICMETADATUM <metadatum name> <metadatum value>
Description
Specify that the module should add a piece of metadatum to each acquisition.
Parameters
<metadatum
name>
<metadatum
value>
The name of the metadatum to add.
The value the metadatum should have.
Notes
• The type of the metadatum is determined syntactically. If <metadatum value> is a quoted string,
then the metadatum will be of string type. If it is a number with a decimal point, then the metadatum
will be of real (floating point) type. If it is a number without a decimal point it will be an integer.
See also
• metadata:DELMETADATUM (pg. 48)
46
metadata:ADDQUERYMETADATUM
Syntax
metadata:ADDQUERYMETADATUM <metadatum name> <query command>
Description
Specify that the module should add a piece of metadatum to each acquisition by querying another module.
Parameters
<metadatum
name>
<query command>
The name of the metadatum to add.
The query command to issue.
Notes
• The type of the metadatum is determined syntactically. If the result of the query command is a
quoted string, then the metadatum will be of string type. If it is a number with a decimal point, then
the metadatum will be of real (floating point) type. If it is a number without a decimal point it will
be an integer.
See also
• metadata:DELMETADATUM (pg. 48)
47
metadata:DELMETADATUM
Syntax
metadata:DELMETADATUM <metadatum name>
Description
Specify that the module should no longer add the specified piece of metadatum to each acquisition.
Parameters
<metadatum
name>
The name of the metadatum to no longer add.
Notes
See also
• metadata:SETSTATICMETADATUM (pg. 46)
• metadata:ADDQUERYMETADATUM (pg. 47)
48
6.5
multiio.so
MultiIO is a library for controlling instruments that use text- or binary-based serial commands. A key advantage is
that it presents the same API regardless of the underlying transport mechanism. For example, a benchtop
voltmeter can be controlled over serial or GPIB. Code for MultiIO can be transformed from using serial to using
gpib simply by changing the “URI” used to open the voltmeter. For example,
mio open(‘‘serial:///dev/ttyS0:9600:8:n:1’’) would connect using the serial port /dev/ttyS0 at 9600 baud.
The only change to support gpib (using the linux-gpib.sourceforge.net driver) would be to change that line to
mio open(‘‘gpib://0:4:0:1:10’’) if the voltmeter is at gpib primary address 10 (decimal).
For gpib support to work correctly, the file “/etc/gpib.conf” must exist, the driver for your card must be loaded
(e.g. modprobe tnt4882) and the program gpib config must have been run. Typically these things are done on
boot in /etc/rc.d/rc.local.
Timeouts can be specified with mio settimeouts() for the readline() and writetmo() calls.
6.5.1
Functions
MultiIO provides just a handful of routines that together provide a complete API to communicate with laboratory
devices or software packages.
• struct multiio *mio open(char *uri) – Open a connection with the specified URI
• int mio printf(struct multiio *fh, char *Fmt,...) – Print a text string to the device. Returns
number of characters output or negative to indicate an error or EOF.
• int mio scanf(struct multiio *fh, char *Fmt,...) – Wait for a linefeed-terminated text string from
the device, process with scanf. Returns number of conversions performed, otherwise negative in case of error
or EOF.
• char *mio readline(struct multiio *fh) – Wait for a linefeed-terminated text string from the device.
Returns string to be free()’d, or NULL for error or EOF.
• int mio read(struct multiio *fh,void *buf,size t nbytes) Read nbytes bytes of binary data from
the device. Returns length read, 0 for EOF, or negative for error.
• int mio write(struct multiio *fh,void *buf,size t nbytes) Write nbytes bytes of binary data to the
device. Returns length written, 0 for EOF, or negative for error.
• void mio close(struct multiio *fh) Close access to the device.
6.5.2
URI’s
• tcp://hostname:portnumber to open a TCP/IP connection to the specified host and port.
49
• fd://readfd:writefd to use the already-open file descriptors (pipes) readfd and writefd.
• serial://device:baud:databits:parity:stopbits:flags to use a serial port (e.g.
serial:///dev/ttyS0:9600:8:n:1 ). Flags are delimited by the vertical bar (’—’), and the only flag
currently supported is ’nortscts’, which disables the use of RTS/CTS handshaking.
• gpib://board index:pad:sad:send eoi:eos to use gpib with the specified board index, primary address,
secondary address, send eoi flag, and eos character and flags. See the comment at the front of
mio gpib setup() for more details.
All URI formats in addition accept trailing slash-delimited flags to enable specific modes. The only current such
mode is “debug”, which will cause all transmitted and received data to be logged to stderr. For example,
tcp://1.2.3.4:56/debug.
6.6
6.6.1
dg python.so
Introduction
dg python.so provides a common interface to python scripting for modules. It has the following functions:
1. Import the libpython.so shared object.
2. Configure the python interpreter for a multithreaded environment
3. Maintain the main thread state (stored in the global variable pythonmainThreadState), with its reference to
the main interpreter state.
4. Import a few common modules (currently thread, sys, StringIO)
5. Provide a means to define common Python functions and class definitions through the initialization
parameter block of the library
6. Provide a replacement for sys.stdout that stores output strings on a per-thread basis if configured by the
thread with sys.stdout.register().
Initialization commands, function definitions, class definitions, etc. can be provided in the configuration block of
dg python.so when the module is initialized. Any variables defined there will be within the scope of the
“dg python” python module (i.e. can be accessed following import dg python).
This library substitutes sys.stdout with a newly defined class dgp ThreadWriter. Call sys.stdout.register(instance
of StringIO.StringIO) to store stdout for your thread in a string. The StringIO instance can be then be obtained
from sys.stdout.getwriter(). When done with the thread, please cleanup by calling sys.stdout.unregister().
It also provides a routine called dg python.rpc async() for making rpc calls to dataguzzler modules. A routine
called dg python.findmodule() can be used to report whether a module exists.
50
6.7
dio8bit.so
dio8bit.so is a library for generically accessing 8 bit digital I/O ports. It alone does not support any hardware, but
libraries that do can register with dio8bit.so so that their ports are accessible through the dio8bit.so interface. It is
generally acceptible to open a specified port multiple times, and the lower level interfaces handle sharing. Be wary
of DDR conflicts, however. Some underlying hardware does not support independent directions for each bit. If this
is the case, all code accessing a given port should set the DDR identically.
6.7.1
Functions
• struct dio8port *dio8open(char *classname,char *devname) – Open a port with the specified driver
class (e.g. das4020dio) and devicename (e.g. /dev/das4020-12/dio0 0B).
• void dio8setddr(struct dio8port *port, uint8 t readWRITE,uint8 t mask) – Set the DDR bits
specified by mask to the value readWRITE (1 indicates read, 0 indicates write).
• void dio8close(struct dio8port *port) – Close the specified port
• void dio8writeport(struct dio8port *port,uint8 t val) – Write the specified byte out to the output
bits of the port
• uint8 t dio8readport(struct dio8port *port) – Read out the current state of the port (input bits)
OR’d with the currently specified output bits.
• struct dio8class *dio8createclass(char *Name,int structlen) – Allocate a dio8class structure.
• void dio8addclass(struct dio8class *newclass) – Add a newly created dio8class structure to the
master list
6.8
das4020dio.so
das4020dio.so is a library for accessing the 8 bit digital I/O ports build into the PCI-DAS4020/12 data acquisition
card. It registers with dio8bit.so so that its ports are accessible through the dio8bit.so interface with the classname
“das4020dio”. It is generally acceptible to open a specified port multiple times. Be wary of DDR conflicts, however,
because the underlying hardware does not support independent directions for each bit. All code accessing a given
port should therefore set the DDR identically.
6.8.1
Prerequisites
• Library dio8bit.so
51
6.8.2
Functions
• struct das4020dioport *das4020dioopen(char *devname) – Open a port with the specified driver class
(e.g. das4020dio) and devicename (e.g. /dev/das4020-12/dio0 0B).
• void das4020diosetddr(struct das4020dioport *port, uint8 t readWRITE,uint8 t mask) – Set the
DDR bits specified by mask to the value readWRITE (1 indicates read, 0 indicates write).
• void das4020dioclose(struct das4020dioport *port) – Close the specified port
• void das4020diowriteport(struct das4020dioport *port,uint8 t val) – Write the specified byte out
to the output bits of the port
• uint8 t das4020dioreadport(struct das4020dioport *port) – Read out the current state of the port
(input bits) OR’d with the currently specified output bits.
52
Chapter 7
Module Reference
Introduction
Modules are optional command processors. When specified in the configuration file, a module is loaded, given a
specific name, and initialized. When commands using that name are issued, the module is called to process those
commands. A single module may be included more than once under different names. Modules are not permitted
static data (global variables), but should instead attach any necessary data to the module structure (struct
Module). Symbols defined in a module are not accessible in libraries or other modules, but modules may use
symbols defined in libraries (provided the library was specified before the module in the configuration file).
7.1
auth.so
The authentication module, auth.so, authenticates TCP/IP connections to the dataguzzler kernel so that they can
issue commands. This module is treated specially by the kernel and must have the name “AUTH” to work properly.
53
7.1.1
Configuration parameters
Parameter
AuthCode(domain name)
Type
quoted string
AuthCode(IP address)
quoted string
AuthCode(IP address/IP netmask)
quoted string
7.1.2
Value
Enables access from the specified domain name or its
subdomains with the specified authentication code.
Enables access from the specified IP address with the
specified authentication code.
Enables access from the specified IP subnet with the
specified authentication code.
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
54
AUTH
Syntax
AUTH <authcode>
Description
Authenticates an incoming TCP/IP connection
Parameters
<authcode>
Authentication password
Notes
• You must use an authentication code that is valid for the IP address you are connecting from.
Authentication is configured using the file /etc/daq auth.conf. If this file does not exist, internal
defaults allow connections only on the loopback address (127.0.0.1) using xyzzy as the
authentication code.
See also
55
7.2
module prototype.so
module prototype.so is an example module that doesn’t do anything useful.
7.2.1
Configuration parameters
Parameter
cardname
7.2.2
Type
quoted string
Value
Dummy initialization parameter
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
56
moduleprototype:CHx:PROBEATTEN
Syntax
moduleprototype:CHx:PROBEATTEN <attenuation factor>
CHx:PROBEATTEN?
Description
Set or query dummy multichannel parameter
Parameters
<attenuation
factor>
Dummy attenuation factor
Notes
• This is just a test. Don’t use it in any actual systems
See also
57
moduleprototype:FREQ
Syntax
moduleprototype:FREQ <frequency>
FREQ?
Description
Set or query dummy frequency
Parameters
<frequency>
Dummy frequency
Notes
• This is just a test. Don’t use it in any actual systems
See also
58
7.3
wfmio.so
wfmio.so allows uploading and downloading of waveform data as well as listing of waveforms in the wfmstore.so
library.
7.3.1
Prerequisites
• library wfmstore.so
• library metadata.so
7.3.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
(none)
7.3.3
Type
Value
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
59
wfmio:COPY
Syntax
wfmio:COPY <waveform name> <copy name>
Description
Copy the specified waveform.
Parameters
<waveform name>
<copy name>
Name of the original waveform
Name for the copy
Notes
• The copy can be deleted with the wfmio:DELETE command.
See also
• wfmio:DELETE (pg. 64)
60
wfmio:DATA
Syntax
wfmio:DATA <waveform name> <revision> <metadata> <data length>
<waveform data>
DATA? <waveform name> <revision>
Description
Obtain the sample data of a waveform
Parameters
<waveform name>
<revision>
<data length>
<waveform data>
<metadata>
Name of the waveform of interest
Revision of interest
Waveform dimensions (see below)
Binary encoded waveform data
Waveform metadata
Notes
• <data length> is the number of dimensions followed by a series of integers, each in square brackets,
that define the dimensions of the waveform in samples. For example 3 [65536] [32] [32] specifies that
the data is 32x32 waveforms of 65536 points each.
• <waveform data> is binary IEEE floating point (either single or double precision according to the
result of wfmio:REALSZ) that has been encoded with a binary NOT with (post-inversion) characters
0-32, ’;’, and ’%’ replaced with escape sequences. The escape sequence is initiated by the ’%’
character and consists of ’%’ followed by the escaped character + 0x80.
See also
• wfmio:REALSZ (pg. 74)
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
61
wfmio:DATASHM
Syntax
wfmio:DATASHM <waveform
name> <revision> <metadata> <data
length> <posix shm name>
DATASHM? <waveform name> <revision>
Description
Obtain the sample data of a waveform through POSIX shared memory
Parameters
<waveform name>
<revision>
<metadata>
<data length>
<posix shm name>
Name of the waveform of interest
Revision of interest
Waveform metadata (see wfmio:METADATA).
Waveform dimensions (see below)
Specification of the POSIX shared memory name for access to the binary
waveform data.
Notes
• Query only. Command syntax indicates format of response.
• <data length> is the number of dimensions (an integer) followed by a series of integers, each in
square brackets, that define the dimensions of the waveform in samples. For example
3 [65536] [32] [32] specifies that the data is 32x32 waveforms of 65536 points each.
• <posix shm name> is the name of a POSIX shared memory area that can be passed to shm open()
to obtain access to the waveform data. The data itself is stored as binary IEEE floating point (either
single or double precision according to the result of wfmio:REALSZ)
See also
• wfmio:REALSZ (pg. 74)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
62
wfmio:DELETEALL
Syntax
wfmio:DELETEALL
Description
Delete all user-uploaded or user-copied waveforms from the waveform memory.
Parameters
Notes
See also
• wfmio:DELETE (pg. 64)
• wfmio:COPY (pg. 60)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
63
wfmio:DELETE
Syntax
wfmio:DELETE <waveform name>
Description
Delete the specified waveform.
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the waveform
Notes
• Any revisions of the waveform that are locked will remain in memory, but will not be shown by
wfmio:LIST or wfmio:LISTLOCK.
• Only waveforms created by the user can be deleted with the wfmio:DELETE command.
See also
• wfmio:DELETEALL (pg. 63)
• wfmio:COPY (pg. 60)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
64
wfmio:GLOBALREADYREV
Syntax
wfmio:GLOBALREADYREV <global revision>
GLOBALREADYREV?
Description
Wait for a specific global revision to be ready or query the latest ready global revision.
Parameters
<global revision>
The global waveform revision
Notes
See also
• wfmio:GLOBALREV (pg. 67)
• wfmio:GLOBALREADYREVTIMEOUT (pg. 66)
65
wfmio:GLOBALREADYREVTIMEOUT
Syntax
wfmio:GLOBALREADYREVTIMEOUT <global revision> <timeout>
Description
Wait for a specific global revision to become ready with a timeout (optional units, default ms)
Parameters
<global revision>
<timeout>
The global waveform revision
The timeout, in ms unless otherwise specifed
Notes
• The specified global revision is not locked into memory so it may have been discarded in favor of a
more recent (ready) waveform by the time you manage to read it.
See also
• wfmio:GLOBALREVTIMEOUT (pg. 68)
• wfmio:GLOBALREADYREV (pg. 65)
66
wfmio:GLOBALREV
Syntax
wfmio:GLOBALREV <global revision>
GLOBALREV?
Description
Wait for a specific global revision or query the current global revision.
Parameters
<global revision>
The global waveform revision
Notes
See also
• wfmio:GLOBALREVTIMEOUT (pg. 68)
• wfmio:GLOBALREADYREV (pg. 65)
67
wfmio:GLOBALREVTIMEOUT
Syntax
wfmio:GLOBALREVTIMEOUT <global revision> <timeout>
Description
Wait for a specific global revision with a timeout (optional units, default ms)
Parameters
<global revision>
<timeout>
The global waveform revision
The timeout, in ms unless otherwise specifed
Notes
See also
• wfmio:GLOBALREV (pg. 67)
• wfmio:GLOBALREADYREVTIMEOUT (pg. 66)
68
wfmio:LIST
Syntax
wfmio:LIST <waveform count> <global revision> <waveform1 name>
<waveform1
revision> <waveform2
name> <waveform2
revision> ...
LIST?
Description
List the current revisions of all waveforms
Parameters
<waveform count>
<global revision>
<waveform1 name>
<waveform1
revision>
Number of waveform descriptions to follow
Global revision count corresponding to this waveform revision set.
Name of the first waveform
Revision of first waveform
Notes
• Query only. Command syntax indicates format of response.
• Since this routine does not lock the waveforms into memory there is no guarantee that the specified
waveforms or revisions will remain in memory
See also
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:LISTLOCK (pg. 71)
• wfmio:LISTREADY (pg. 70)
69
wfmio:LISTREADY
Syntax
wfmio:LISTREADY <waveform count> <global revision> <waveform1
name> <waveform1 revision> <waveform2 name> <waveform2
revision> ...
LISTREADY?
Description
List the current “ready” revision state of all waveforms
Parameters
<waveform count>
<global revision>
<waveform1 name>
<waveform1
revision>
Number of waveform descriptions to follow
Global revision count corresponding to this waveform revision set.
Name of the first waveform
Revision of first waveform
Notes
• Query only. Command syntax indicates format of response.
• Since this routine does not lock the waveforms into memory there is no guarantee that the specified
waveforms or revisions will remain in memory
• The current “ready” revision state corresponds to a consistent set of waveforms for which all
calculations have been completed.
See also
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:LISTREADYLOCK (pg. 72)
• wfmio:LISTREADY (pg. 70)
70
wfmio:LISTLOCK
Syntax
wfmio:LISTLOCK <waveform1
name> <waveform1
<waveform2 name> <waveform2 revision> ...
LISTLOCK?
revision>
Description
List the current revisions of all waveforms and lock those revisions in memory
Parameters
<waveform1 name>
<waveform1
revision>
Name of the first waveform
Revision of first waveform
Notes
• Query only. Command syntax indicates format of response.
• You must call wfmio:UNLOCK on each of the waveform/revision combinations returned, lest they be
stuck in memory. A dropped TCP/IP connection automaticall unlocks all waveforms locked by that
connection.
See also
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:UNLOCK (pg. 81)
• wfmio:LIST (pg. 69)
71
wfmio:LISTREADYLOCK
Syntax
wfmio:LISTREADYLOCK <waveform1
name> <waveform1
<waveform2 name> <waveform2 revision> ...
LISTREADYLOCK?
revision>
Description
List the current “ready” revision state of all waveforms and lock those revisions in memory
Parameters
<waveform1 name>
<waveform1
revision>
Name of the first waveform
Revision of first waveform
Notes
• Query only. Command syntax indicates format of response.
• The current “ready” revision state corresponds to a consistent set of waveforms for which all
calculations have been completed.
• You must call wfmio:UNLOCK on each of the waveform/revision combinations returned, lest they be
stuck in memory. A dropped TCP/IP connection automaticall unlocks all waveforms locked by that
connection.
See also
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:UNLOCK (pg. 81)
• wfmio:LISTREADY (pg. 70)
• wfmio:LISTLOCK (pg. 71)
72
wfmio:METADATA
Syntax
wfmio:METADATA? <waveform name> <revision>
Description
Obtain the metadata for a waveform
Parameters
<waveform name>
<revision>
Name of the waveform of interest
Revision of interest
Notes
• The response is of the form wfmio:METADATA <waveform name> <revision> { <metadatum
name>:<type>=<value> <metadatum name>:<type>=<value> ...} <data length>
• <data length> is the number of dimensions (an integer) followed by a series of integers, each in
square brackets, that define the dimensions of the waveform in samples. For example
3 [65536] [32] [32] specifies that the data is 32x32 waveforms of 65536 points each.
• Valid types are:
– integer: <value> is an integer.
– string: <value> is a quoted string
– real: <value> is a floating point number.
See also
73
wfmio:REALSZ
Syntax
wfmio:REALSZ <bytes per floating point number>
REALSZ?
Description
Returns the number of bytes per floating point number returned by wfmio:DATA or wfmio:DATASHM.
Parameters
<bytes per floating
point number>
Number of bytes per floating point number.
Notes
• Query only. Command syntax indicates format of response.
• Should be either 4 (IEEE single precision) or 8 (IEEE double precision).
See also
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:DATASHM (pg. 62)
74
wfmio:REVISION
Syntax
wfmio:REVISION <waveform name> <waveform revision>
REVISION? <waveform name>
Description
List the current revision of the specified waveform
Parameters
<waveform name>
<waveform
revision>
Name of the waveform
Revision of the waveform
Notes
• Query only. Command syntax indicates format of response.
• Since this routine does not lock the waveforms into memory there is no guarantee that the specified
waveforms or revisions will remain in memory
See also
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:LIST (pg. 69)
• wfmio:REVISIONLOCK (pg. 76)
75
wfmio:REVISIONLOCK
Syntax
wfmio:REVISIONLOCK <waveform name> <waveform revision>
REVISIONLOCK? <waveform name>
Description
List the current revision of the specified waveform and lock that revision in memory, or wait for at least a
specific revision and lock it in memory
Parameters
<waveform name>
<waveform
revision>
Name of the waveform
Revision of the waveform
Notes
• Query format finds the latest (not necessarily ready) revision of the specified waveform. The
command format waits for the specified revision (or a later version) to become available.
• In both cases the name and revision of the locked waveform are returned.
• You must call wfmio:UNLOCK on the waveform/revision combinations returned, lest it be stuck in
memory. A dropped TCP/IP connection automaticall unlocks all waveforms locked in memory by
that connection.
• This attempts to obtain the specified revision, but may return a more recent version than specified.
See also
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:LIST (pg. 69)
• wfmio:REVISION (pg. 75)
76
wfmio:REVISIONREADYLOCK
Syntax
wfmio:REVISIONREADYLOCK <waveform name> <waveform revision>
Description
Wait for at least a specific revision of a waveform to become ready, and lock it in memory
Parameters
<waveform name>
<waveform
revision>
Name of the waveform
Revision of the waveform
Notes
• The command format waits for the specified revision (or a later version) to become available and
ready.
• In both cases the name and revision of the locked waveform are returned.
• You must call wfmio:UNLOCK on the waveform/revision combinations returned, lest it be stuck in
memory. A dropped TCP/IP connection automaticall unlocks all waveforms locked in memory by
that connection.
• This attempts to obtain the specified revision, but may return a more recent version than specified.
See also
• wfmio:METADATA (pg. 73)
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
• wfmio:LIST (pg. 69)
• wfmio:REVISION (pg. 75)
77
wfmio:RPCDATA
Syntax
wfmio:RPCDATA <channel name>
RPCDATA <host name>:<pid>:0x<hexadecimal address>
Description
Ask wfmio:to allocate a struct Wfm so that data can be provided to a wfmio:-owned waveform. (RPC USE
ONLY)
Parameters
<channel name>
<host name>
<pid>
<hexadecimal
address>
The channel on which to create a new struct Wfm
Host name of the wfmio:module
Process ID wfmio:module
Address of the struct Wfm
Notes
• The first syntax specified above is the command syntax. The second syntax is the specification of the
response from the server.
• This command will complete immediately.
• Host name and PID are provided for checking purposes. Don’t use the returned address unless host
name and PID match.
• This call provides an empty struct Wfm. The caller must WfmAlloc() and write data and metadata.
• Once the waveform has been written (or if it couldn’t be written because of a hostname mismatch or
other error), the caller must call wfmio:RPCDATADONE to issue the WfmNotify() that this
waveform is ready.
• To repeat, wfmio:RPCDATADONE MUST be issued shortly after a successful call to
wfmio:RPCDATA.
• If wfmio:RPCDATA cannot be used because of a host name or pid mismatch, wfmio:DATA can be
used to upload a waveform.
See also
78
• wfmio:RPCDATADONE (pg. 80)
79
wfmio:RPCDATADONE
Syntax
wfmio:RPCDATADONE <host name>:<pid>:0x<hexadecimal address>
RPCDATADONE <channel name> <revision>
Description
Respond following a wfmio:RPCDATA indicating that the struct Wfm is complete. (RPC USE ONLY)
Parameters
<host name>
<pid>
<hexadecimal
address>
<channel name>
<revision>
Host name of the wfmio:module
Process ID wfmio:module
Address of the struct Wfm
The channel on which to create a new struct Wfm
revision of the waveform which was just created
Notes
• The first syntax specified above is the command syntax. The second syntax is the specification of the
response from the server.
• This command will complete immediately.
• Host name and PID should be those provided by the response from wfmio:RPCDATA.
See also
• wfmio:RPCDATA (pg. 78)
80
wfmio:UNLOCK
Syntax
wfmio:UNLOCK <waveform name> <waveform revision>
Description
Unlock the specified revision of the specified waveform.
Parameters
<waveform name>
<waveform
revision>
Name of the waveform
Revision of the waveform
Notes
• The specified waveform and revision must have been previously locked in memory by
wfmio:REVISIONLOCK or wfmio:LISTLOCK.
See also
• wfmio:LISTLOCK (pg. 71)
• wfmio:REVISIONLOCK (pg. 76)
81
wfmio:WFMS
Syntax
wfmio:WFMS?
Description
Download the full set of user-defined waveforms.
Parameters
Notes
• The response begins with wfmio:DELETEALL; and continues with semicolon-deliniated wfmio:DATA
commands containing the data and metadata.
• The output is intended to be fed back in to recreate the waveforms
See also
• wfmio:DATA (pg. 61)
82
7.4
wfmmath.so
wfmmat.so allows creation of additional channels that are automatically recalculated mathematical functions of
pre-exisiting channels.
7.4.1
Prerequisites
• library wfmstore.so
• library fftwlink.so (if any fftw-using functions are included)
7.4.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
numthreads
7.4.3
Type
unsigned decimal integer
Value
number of worker threads.
Writing mathematical functions
A new mathematical function is built into wfmmath.so by adding the newly created .synhm4 file for the
mathematical function to the dependencies of wfmmath.syn in the Makefile in the modules directory, e.g.:
wfmmath.syn: wfmmath.synm4 wfmmath_avg.synhm4 wfmmath_my_new_module.synhm4
The new module is defined in a synhm4 file and must obey the rules of M4-preprocessed syntax files (e.g. use //#
for comments, etc.) Typically the new module begins with the definition of a new production of the token “math
function”, for example
(struct MathFcn *)math function
-> "CORR",’(’,identifier,’,’,identifier,’)’ =CreateMath(
"CORR",STK,"01","",
0,0,0.0,0.0,
&CalcCorr,&PrintCorr,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL);
The function CreateMath creates a struct MathFcn (defined in wfmmath.synm4) with the specified parameters.
The third and fourth parameters are called “dependencyparams” and “stringparams”, respectively. These two
parameters are strings of digits that indicate which strings to be popped off the string stack count as dependencies
or strings. For example, stringparams="13" indicates that parameters #1 and #3 (the 2nd and 4th parameters)
should be interpreted as strings, not module dependencies.
83
The last six parameters to CreateMath are functions (or optional functions) which should be defined in an
embedded C section inside the .synhm4 file. CalcFcn(struct ModData *md,struct MathFcn *p) Defines the
function to call withiin a worker thread to perform the calculation. Note that because it is in a thread, the things it
can read or write are very much restricted. It may read the data and metadata from waveforms which are ready
(ReadyFlag == 0) and have already been locked into memory by a WfmReference(). It may write to the MetaData
and data of GenWfm. PrintFcn(struct ModData *md,struct Conn *c,struct Channel *Chan,struct
MathFcn *fcn) should do a ResPrintf() of the parameters needed to recreate this function. PrepareFcn(struct
ModData *md,struct MathFcn *m) is called from the main thread context to prepare the MathFcn m for
calculation. It is called just before m is placed on the PendingComputation list. If NULL, no such function is called.
CleanupFcn(struct ModData *md,struct MathFcn *m) is called from the main thread context after the
calculation of MathFcn m has completed and immediately after it has been removed from the
CompletedComputation list. This function should do any necessary cleanups of data from the computation.
CopyConstructor(struct MathFcn *orig,struct MathFcn *copy) is called when the use #2 (see below)
MathFcn is made from the use #1 MathFcn. This routine can copy any function-specific data if necessary.
Destructor(struct MathFcn *m) is called then a MathFcn (either use #1 or use #2) is no longer needed.
Be sure to lock the fftwlink mutex when making fftw calls (except fftwlink execute).
struct MathFcn
struct MathFcn {
struct Node Node;
char *FcnName;
char *Dependencies[MAX_DEPENDENCY_PARAMS]; //# these are the parameters that depend on other waveforms
unsigned long long DependencyRevisions[MAX_DEPENDENCY_PARAMS]; //# These are the revisions of the depende
struct Wfm *WfmDependencies[MAX_DEPENDENCY_PARAMS]; //# Only used in use#2 (above), NULL otherwise. WfmRe
char *StringParams[MAX_STRING_PARAMS];
int queuedflag; //# Indicate that this calculate has been queued on the PendingComputation List
int Disabled; //# Use #1 only. If non-zero, do not define new revisions
long IntegerParam1;
long IntegerParam2;
double RealParam1;
double RealParam2;
struct List NotifyPtrList; //# Empty unless this is the struct MathFcn pointed to by Chan->ModSpecific
void (*CalcFcn)(struct ModData *md,struct MathFcn *p); //# function to perform calculation (runs in diffe
void (*PrintFcn)(struct ModData *md,struct Conn *c,struct Channel *Chan,struct MathFcn *m);
void (*PrepareFcn)(struct ModData *md,struct MathFcn *m);
void (*CleanupFcn)(struct ModData *md,struct MathFcn *m);
void (*CopyConstructor)(struct MathFcn *orig,struct MathFcn *copy); //# Called when the wfm-specific copy
void (*Destructor)(struct MathFcn *m);
void *FcnSpecific;
struct MathFcn *ChanFcn; //# Pointer to the MathFcn of the channel (use #2 only)
int UseCnt; //# Count of the number of currently pending computations. We can’t free up this MathFcn
//# until the UseCnt goes to zero. (use #1 only)
84
struct Wfm *GenWfm; //# Waveform to be written (context #2 only)
};
The struct MathFcn is used to define a mathematical operation. It is used in two separate contexts:
1. To define the math function of a struct Channel. In this case Chan-¿ModSpecific points to the MathFcn and
the MathFcn is not on a list.
2. To define a pending or completed computation. In this case the MathFcn may be on a list and it is also
pointed to by Wfm-¿ModSpecific.
struct ModData
struct ModData {
struct Module Mod;
//# Module static data goes here
volatile struct List PendingComputation; //# NOTE: WorkNotifyMutex must be locked to access or modify this
volatile struct List CompletedComputation; //# NOTE: WorkNotifyMutex must be locked to access or modify thi
struct List ThreadList;
int numthreads;
pthread_cond_t WorkNotify; //# used to notify threads that there is work to be done
pthread_mutex_t WorkNotifyMutex; //# Also locks PendingComputation and CompletedComputation lists
int parentnotifypipe[2]; //# Write a byte to parentnotifypipe[1] to notify main process that a computation
};
wfmmath has a private struct ModData structure that is accessible from the code used to define new math
functions.
7.4.4
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
85
wfmmath:CLEARAVG
Syntax
wfmmath:CLEARAVG <waveform name>
Description
Reset averaging channel <waveform name>
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the math waveform to reset.
Notes
See also
86
wfmmath:CLEARACCUM
Syntax
wfmmath:CLEARACCUM <waveform name>
Description
Reset ACCUM channel <waveform name>
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the wfmmath:ACCUM waveform to reset.
Notes
• The the ACCUM channel will be reset and will be empty until a new version of the waveform it is
dependent on appears.
See also
87
wfmmath:DEF
Syntax
wfmmath:DEF <waveform name>=<function name>(<parameters . . . >)
DEF? <waveform name>
Description
Define a new channel to be a mathematical function of other channel(s), or query the mathmatical function
of such a channel
Parameters
<waveform name>
<function name>
<parameters . . . >
Name of the waveform to define of query.
Name of mathematical function to use
Parameters to the mathematical function
Notes
• Allowable functions are:
– result=AVG(<channel name>,<number of averages>) or
– (result,stddev)=AVG(<channel name>,<number of averages>): Running average (and
optional standard deviation) of <channel name>.
– result=AVGONCE(<channel name>,<number of averages>) or
– (result,stddev)=AVGONCE(<channel name>,<number of averages>): Average of (and
optional standard deviation) of <channel name>.
– ampl=FFT(<channel name>,<transform dimensions>) or
– (ampl,phase)=FFT(<channel name>,<transform dimensions>): Fourier Transform of
<channel name>. If <transform dimensions> is not specified the transform will be over the
first (minor) dimension of the data. <transform dimensions> can either be an integer,
specifying which dimension to transform over (0 being the first – minor – dimension), or it can be
a list of comma separated such integers enclosed within square brackets, in which case the
transform will be over all the specified dimensions, e.g. FFT(chan1,[0,2,3]) will cause a Fourier
transform over the first, third, and fourth dimension. The highest transformed dimension (fourth
dimension in the previous example) will have size (n/2) + 1 where n is the pre-existing length of
that dimensions and the result of the division is truncated to the next lower integer, not rounded.
All other dimensions will have their pre-existing sizes.
There can be either one or two result parameters. The first (or only) result parameter is the
amplitude of the Fourier transform. The second result parameter is the phase (in radians) of the
88
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Fourier transform. The transform is normalized by multiplying by the product of the step sizes of
the transformed dimensions. .
result=CORR(<channel 1>,<channel 2>,<dimensions>), or
result=CONV(<channel 1>,<channel 2>,<dimensions>): CORR and CONV perform
cross-correlation and convolution respectively of <channel 1> with <channel 2> over
dimensions <dimensions>. <dimensions> can be an integer, specifying which dimension to
correlate/convolve over (0 being the first – minor – dimension), or it can be a list of comma
separated such integers enclosed within square brackets, in which case the correlation/convolution
will be over all the specified dimensions. If <dimensions> is not specified, it will be over the
first (minor) dimension.
result=ACCUM(<channel name>,<number of waveforms>: Accumulate a series of
waveforms into a “waveform” with an extra dimension. For example, if <channel name> is
two-dimensional 640x512 and <number of waveforms> is 6 then the result will be a “cube” of
data 640*512*6. Note that all the input waveforms must be the same size or the generated result
will be empty. Also note that ACCUM will not include the current revision in its series, but will
start accumulating with the next version.
result=ACCUMONCE(<channel name>,<number of waveforms>): Like ACCUM but
doesn’t automatically reset when full. Need to call wfmmath:CLEARACCUM manually.
result=ADD(<channel a>,<real number b>) or
result=ADD(<channel a>,<channel b>): Compute result=a+b. b may be of lower
dimensionality than a, but the dimensions of b must match the first dimensions of a. The result
gets a copy of a’s metadata.
result=SUB(<channel a>,<real number b>) or
result=SUB(<channel a>,<channel b>): Compute result=a-b. b may be of lower
dimensionality than a, but the dimensions of b must match the first dimensions of a. The result
gets a copy of a’s metadata.
result=MUL(<channel a>,<real number b>) or
result=MUL(<channel a>,<channel b>): Compute result=a*b. b may be of lower
dimensionality than a, but the dimensions of b must match the first dimensions of a. The result
gets a copy of a’s metadata.
result=DIV(<channel a>,<real number b>) or
result=DIV(<channel a>,<channel b>): Compute result=a/b. b may be of lower
dimensionality than a, but the dimensions of b must match the first dimensions of a. The result
gets a copy of a’s metadata.
result=INT(<channel>) or
result=INT(<channel>,<dimension>): Integrate <channel> over <dimension> (default 1).
The result has the same dimensionality as <channel> and is the running integral over the
specified dimension.
result=DIFF(<channel>) or
result=DIFF(<channel>,<dimension>): Differentiate <channel> over <dimension>
(default 1). The result has the same dimensionality as <channel> and is the derivative over the
specified dimension. The resulting waveform will be shifted by exactly 1/2 sample in the forward
direction and its last sample will have a value of 0.0.
89
– result=INTEGRAL(<channel>) or
– result=INTEGRAL(<channel>,<dimension>): Calculate the integral of <channel> over the
specified dimension (default 1). The result will have one less dimension than <channel> and is
the integral over all the samples along the specified dimension.
– result=SUBEARLYAVG(<channel>,<threshold>) or
– result=SUBEARLYAVG(<channel>,<threshold>,<dimension>): Subtract the average of
the first elements (up to <threshold>) along <dimension> of <channel> from <channel>.
<dimension> is from 0 (minor dimension) to (ndim-1) (major dimension), with the major
dimension used by default.
– result=FILTEREDINT(<channel>,<freq 1>,<freq 2>): Integrate the one-dimensional
waveform in <channel>, then subtract out its average slope, then high-pass filter it with a
frequency-domain raised-cosine that starts at 0.0 at <freq 1> and reaches 1.0 at <freq 2>.
– result=MAX(<channel>): Find the scalar maximum value (over all dimensions) of the specified
channel.
– result=CROP(<channel>,[axis1min,axis1max],[axis2min,axis2max],...): Crop the specified
waveform or image.
– result=DECIMATE(<channel>,<first axis decimate factor>,<second axis decimate
factor>, ...): Downsample the specified channel by the specified factors in each axis.
– result=DBABS(<channel>): Convert to dB (return 20 log 10(abs(<channel>)))
See also
• wfmmath:UNDEF (pg. 94)
90
wfmmath:ENABLE
Syntax
wfmmath:ENABLE <waveform name>
Description
Enable math channel <waveform name>
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the math channel to enable.
Notes
• Math channels are enabled by default.
• Enabling one result channel of a function with multiple outputs enables all result channels of that
function
See also
• wfmmath:ENABLED (pg. 92)
• wfmmath:DISABLE (pg. 93)
91
wfmmath:ENABLED
Syntax
wfmmath:ENABLED? <waveform name>
Description
Determine whether math channel <waveform name> is enabled.
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the math channel to check.
Notes
• Returns response of the form wfmmath:ENABLE <waveform name> or wfmmath:DISABLE
<waveform name> depending on whether <waveform name> is enabled.
See also
• wfmmath:ENABLE (pg. 91)
• wfmmath:DISABLE (pg. 93)
92
wfmmath:DISABLE
Syntax
wfmmath:DISABLE <waveform name>
Description
Disable math channel <waveform name>
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the math channel to disnable.
Notes
• Math channels are enabled by default.
• Disabling one result channel of a function with multiple outputs disables all result channels of that
function
See also
• wfmmath:ENABLE (pg. 91)
• wfmmath:ENABLED (pg. 92)
93
wfmmath:UNDEF
Syntax
wfmmath:UNDEF <math channel name>
Description
Remove the math channel <math channel name>
Parameters
<math
name>
channel
Name of the math channel to remove.
Notes
See also
• wfmmath:DEF (pg. 88)
• wfmmath:UNDEFALL (pg. 95)
94
wfmmath:UNDEFALL
Syntax
wfmmath:UNDEFALL <math channel name>
Description
Delete all math channels
Parameters
Notes
See also
• wfmmath:DEF (pg. 88)
• wfmmath:UNDEF (pg. 94)
95
wfmmath:WAITAVG
Syntax
wfmmath:WAITAVG <waveform name>
Description
Wait for averaging channel <waveform name> to have performed a complete set of averages
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the math averaging channel to wait for.
Notes
• This waits for a complete and ready averaging channel. It does not lock the completed version in
memory.
See also
96
7.5
das4020capture.so
das4020capture.so provides waveform acquisition from the analog inputs of the Measurement Computing
PCI-DAS4020/12 board. It requires Warren Jasper’s DAS4020 driver from
ftp://lx10.tx.ncsu.edu/pub/Linux/drivers. For this module to work, the driver must be inserted into the kernel
(insmod) and permissions on the /dev/das4020-12/ device nodes must be set correctly (see udev rules in the driver
README). The driver include file pci-das4020.h must exist in /usr/include or /usr/local/include for this module
to compile. Please note that the maximum samplecnt is limited by the size of the driver’s buffer. This can be
changed by adjusting ADC BUFF PHY SIZE in a2dc.h and recompiling the driver. The das4020 card is ready to
accept triggers once the previously captured waveform is READY (CALCSYNC FALSE) or once all dependencies
of the previously captured waveform are READY (CALCSYNC TRUE).
The das4020 driver versions prior to 1.18 used different device node names. You will have to edit the config files to
use the older device node names if you are using an old driver version.
7.5.1
Prerequisites
• library wfmstore.so
• library metadata.so
• library rpc.so
97
7.5.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
cardname
Type
quoted string
numchannels
samplecnt
unsigned integer
unsigned integer
range<i>
capturefreq
“1V” or “5V”
real number
hwtrigsrc
“ext”,“int”, or “ch1” through
“ch4”
channelprefix
probeatten<i>
quoted string
real number
atrigmode
chan<i>name
“NEG HIST”,
“POS HIST”,
“POS SLOPE”, “NEG SLOPE”,
or “WINDOW”
quoted string
atrighigh
atriglow
calcsync
Voltage
Voltage
boolean (true or false)
clksrc
“INTERNAL”, “EXTBNC”, or
“ADSTARTTRIG”
dsfactor<i>
unsigned decimal integer
hwcapturefreq
frequency (Hz)
fifosize
Fifo size, in 24-bit words
Value
DAS4020 analog capture device base name (default
is “/dev/das4020-12/ad0 ”). The channel number is
appended to this base name
Number of channels to use, 1-4 (default is 4).
Number of samples to record per waveform, default is
100000
Voltage range for channel <i> (default 1V)
Capture frequency in default units of Hz (default 10
MHz). Note that 20 MHz capture supports only two
channels
hardware trigger source: external connector (“ext”,
default), 40 pin header (“int”), or analog triggering on
channel 1 through 4
prefix of created channel names (default “CH”)
attenuation factor of the probe on channel <i> (default 1.0).
Analog
trigger
slope
and
mode
(see
das4020capture:ATRIGMODE (pg. 102)).
Channel name for channel <i>, overriding channelprefix (above).
High voltage level for analog triggering
Low voltage level for analog triggering
If true, don’t allow new acquisitions until computations resulting from the previous acquisition are complete. (default is false)
clock source for the waveform acquisition: INTERNAL means use the internal 40 MHz crystal.
EXTBNC means the bottom BNC connector, and ADSTARTTRIG means use the ADSTARTTRIG pin on
the IDC header.
Downsampling factor. If this is greater than 1, it will
cause downsampling of channel <i>
if clksrc is not INTERNAL, hwcapturefreq controls the
internal frequency divider. Set hwcapturefreq to the
capture frequency you would get with the desired divider setting if your clock was 40 MHz. For example,
if you want a /4 divider, you would set hwcapturefreq
to 10 MHz. Note that the divider must be at least 2
for two channel or 4 for 4 channels.
Controls the DAS4020 capture FIFO size, default
32768. Reduce this if the DAS4020 is using too much
PCI bandwidth and causing other cards to overflow
their FIFO’s. Powers of 2 between 256 and 32768 are
98
acceptible.
Das4020capture also supports the standard metadata initialization configuration parameters setstaticmetadatum
and addquerymetadatum. The metadata provided by these methods is attached to the captured waveforms (all
channels). It also supports configuration parameters of the form ch1:setstaticmetadatum to set metadata
parameters for a single channel.
7.5.3
Commands
In addition to the commands described on the next pages, das4020capture also supports the standard metadata
specification parameters setstaticmetadatum, addquerymetadatum, and delmetadatum. The metadata provided
by these methods is attached to the captured waveforms (all channels). It also supports commands of the form
das4020capture:ch1:setstaticmetadatum, etc. to set metadata parameters for a single channel.
(commands begin on next page)
99
das4020capture:ATRIGHIGH
Syntax
das4020capture:ATRIGHIGH <trigger voltage>
ATRIGHIGH? <trigger voltage>
Description
Specify or query the low analog trigger voltage.
Parameters
<trigger voltage>
Desired trigger voltage
Notes
• The high analog trigger voltage is used for rising-edge triggering, the hysteresis of falling edge
triggering, and window triggering.
• Changing the analog trigger voltage will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture
card.
• The actual quantized trigger voltage will be returned
• Changing the gain setting or trigger source may cause the the trigger level to be re-quantized to
match the new setting.
See also
• das4020capture:HWTRIGSRC (pg. 109)
• das4020capture:ATRIGLOW (pg. 101)
• das4020capture:ATRIGMODE (pg. 102)
100
das4020capture:ATRIGLOW
Syntax
das4020capture:ATRIGLOW <trigger voltage>
ATRIGLOW? <trigger voltage>
Description
Specify or query the low analog trigger voltage.
Parameters
<trigger voltage>
Desired trigger voltage
Notes
• The low analog trigger voltage is used for falling-edge triggering, the hysteresis of rising edge
triggering, and window triggering.
• Changing the analog trigger voltage will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture
card.
• The actual quantized trigger voltage will be returned
• Changing the gain setting or trigger source may cause the the trigger level to be re-quantized to
match the new setting.
See also
• das4020capture:HWTRIGSRC (pg. 109)
• das4020capture:ATRIGHIGH (pg. 100)
• das4020capture:ATRIGMODE (pg. 102)
101
das4020capture:ATRIGMODE
Syntax
das4020capture:ATRIGMODE <trigger mode>
ATRIGMODE? <trigger mode>
Description
Specify or query the analog trigger slope/mode.
Parameters
<trigger mode>
Desired trigger mode
Notes
Valid trigger modes are:
POS HIST Trigger on analog voltage rising above ATRIGHIGH voltage with ATRIGLOW
hysteresis (i.e. Schmitt trigger)
– NEG HIST Trigger on analog voltage falling below ATRIGLOW voltage with ATRIGHIGH
hysteresis (i.e. Schmitt trigger)
– POS SLOPE Trigger on analog voltage rising above ATRIGHIGH voltage.
– NEG SLOPE Trigger on analog voltage falling below ATRIGLOW voltage.
– WINDOW Trigger on analog voltage between ATRIGLOW and ATRIGHIGH voltages.
Changing the analog trigger mode will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture
card.
See also
•
• das4020capture:HWTRIGSRC (pg. 109)
• das4020capture:ATRIGHIGH (pg. 100)
• das4020capture:ATRIGLOW (pg. 101)
102
das4020capture:CALCSYNC
Syntax
das4020capture:CALCSYNC <sync enabled>
CALCSYNC? <sync enabled>
Description
Set whether new acquisitions should be inhibited until computation from the previous acquisition is
complete
Parameters
<sync enabled>
Whether new acquisitions should be inhibited, true or false
Notes
• Effective following the next trigger. Computations currently in progress will not be waited for before
allowing a trigger.
See also
103
das4020capture:CLKSRC
Syntax
das4020capture:CLKSRC <clock source> Hz
CLKSRC?
Description
Specify or query the clock source for waveform capture A/D
Parameters
<clock source>
Desired clock source
Notes
• <clock source> may be INTERNAL, EXTBNC, or ADSTARTTRIG to select the internal 40 MHz source,
the bottom BNC connector, or the A/D Start Trig pin on the IDC header, respectively.
• Changing the clock source will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture card.
• The card is designed for a maximum clock rate of 40 MHz.
• Internal limitations of the card require divisors of at least 2 (1 or 2 channels) or 4 (4 channels), so
depending on the number of channels the maximum sample rate will be 1/2 or 1/4 of the frequency of
the external clock.
• Use das4020capture:HWFREQ to set the divisor and das4020capture:FREQ to set the actual divided
clock frequency when not in INTERNAL mode.
See also
• das4020capture:SAMPLECNT (pg. 113)
• das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS (pg. 110)
• das4020capture:FREQ (pg. 107)
• das4020capture:HWFREQ (pg. 108)
104
das4020capture:DSFACTOR
Syntax
das4020capture:CH<i>:DSFACTOR <factor>
CH<i>:DSFACTOR?
Description
Specify or query the downsampling factor for channel <i>
Parameters
<factor>
Desired downsampling factor.
Notes
• If the downsampling factor is d, only one of every d samples will be recorded, and the time step will
be d times the actual sample period.
• This is useful primarily for waveforms that are slow changing, or if due to unavoidable clocking
restraints it is necessary to oversample.
See also
• das4020capture:SAMPLECNT (pg. 113)
• das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS (pg. 110)
• das4020capture:FREQ (pg. 107)
• das4020capture:HWFREQ (pg. 108)
105
das4020capture:FIFOSIZE
Syntax
das4020capture:FIFOSIZE <fifo size>
FIFOSIZE? <fifo size>
Description
Specify or query the amount of the DAS internal FIFO to use.
Parameters
<fifo size>
Desired FIFO size, in 24-bit words
Notes
• The default value of 32768 corresponds to 32768 24 bit words in each of the two (X and Y) FIFOs, for
a memory-equivalent of 256 kilobytes.
• This may be set lower to avoid conflicts with other devices that have smaller FIFO’s. By reducing the
FIFO size, data transmissions are sent in smaller chunks that are less likely to overflow the FIFO of
another device that is writing data to memory at the same time.
• Only powers of 2 starting at 256 and going up to 32768 are permitted
See also
• das4020capture:SAMPLECNT (pg. 113)
• das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS (pg. 110)
106
das4020capture:FREQ
Syntax
das4020capture:FREQ <sample frequency> Hz
FREQ? <sample frequency> Hz
Description
Specify or query the number of samples to acquire per second
Parameters
<sample
frequency>
Desired sample rate (default Hz)
Notes
• Changing the sample frequency will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture card.
• Only integer fractions of 20 MHz are permitted. When specifying the sample frequency, check the
response from the server to determine the actual sample rate.
• The maximum sample rate is 20 MHz (1 or 2 channels) or 10 MHz (4 channels)
• If CLKSRC is not INTERNAL then this must be set to the actual divided clock frequency. In that
case the clock devision is determined by das4020capture:HWFREQ.
See also
• das4020capture:SAMPLECNT (pg. 113)
• das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS (pg. 110)
• das4020capture:HWFREQ (pg. 108)
107
das4020capture:HWFREQ
Syntax
das4020capture:HWFREQ <sample frequency> Hz
HWFREQ? <sample frequency> Hz
Description
Specify or query the capture frequency to program the DAS4020 card with
Parameters
<sample
frequency>
Desired capture frequency
Notes
• Changing the sample frequency will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture card.
• Only integer fractions of 20 MHz are permitted. When specifying the sample frequency, check the
response from the server to determine the actual sample rate.
• The maximum HWFREQ is 20 MHz (1 or 2 channels) or 10 MHz (4 channels)
• If CLKSRC is INTERNAL, this will not be adjustable and will track das4020capture:FREQ.
• If CLKSRC is not INTERNAL then this is used to determine the clock division of the external clock.
Program this with the frequency you would use to get the desired division if the external clock were
40 MHz. For example, to get a division of 4, program this to 10 MHz. To get a division of 12,
program this to 3.33 MHz.
See also
• das4020capture:SAMPLECNT (pg. 113)
• das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS (pg. 110)
• das4020capture:HWFREQ (pg. 108)
108
das4020capture:HWTRIGSRC
Syntax
das4020capture:HWTRIGSRC <trigger source>
HWTRIGSRC? <trigger source>
Description
Specify or query the trigger source
Parameters
<trigger source>
Desired trigger source: “EXT” for the bottom BNC connector on the
card or “INT” for the trigger line on the 40 pin header, or “CH1”
through “CH4” for triggering from the analog input channels.
Notes
• Changing the trigger source will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture card.
See also
• das4020capture:ATRIGMODE (pg. 102)
109
das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS
Syntax
das4020capture:NUMCHANNELS <number of channels>
NUMCHANNELS? <number of channels>
Description
Specify or query the number of channels to acquire
Parameters
<number
channels>
of
Desired number of channels
Notes
• Changing the number of channels will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture card.
• 1, 2, or 4 channels are allowed.
• A sample rate of 20MHz requires 2 or fewer channels
See also
• das4020capture:SAMPLECNT (pg. 113)
• das4020capture:FREQ (pg. 107)
110
das4020capture:CHi:PROBEATTEN
Syntax
das4020capture:CH<i>:PROBEATTEN <attenuation factor>
CH<i>:PROBEATTEN? <attenuation factor>
Description
Specify or query the attenuation factor of the probe attached to channel <i>.
Parameters
<i>
<attenuation
factor>
Channel number: 1-4
Desired attenuation factor (default 1.0)
Notes
See also
• das4020capture:CHi:RANGE (pg. 112)
111
das4020capture:CHi:RANGE
Syntax
das4020capture:CH<i>:RANGE <input range>
CH<i>:RANGE? <input range>
Description
Specify or query input gain/attenuation setting for the capture card
Parameters
<i>
<input range>
Channel number: 1-4
Desired input range: 1V or 5V
Notes
• Changing the input range will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture card.
• Current (as of Jan 2006) versions of the driver do not correctly handle the case of different gain
settings on different channels. Hopefully this will be fixed eventually. In the mean time, be sure to use
the same setting on all four channels.
See also
• das4020capture:CHi:PROBEATTEN (pg. 111)
112
das4020capture:SAMPLECNT
Syntax
das4020capture:SAMPLECNT <number of samples>
SAMPLECNT? <number of samples>
Description
Specify or query the number of samples to acquire per waveform
Parameters
<number
samples>
of
Number of samples to acquire
Notes
• Changing the number of samples will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the capture card.
• The maximum permissible SAMPLECNT is determined when the das4020 driver is compiled by the
symbol ADC BUFF PHY SIZE specified in a2dc.h. To increase ADC BUFF PHY SIZE you must
change that parameter and recompile and reinstall the driver.
See also
• das4020capture:FREQ (pg. 107)
113
7.6
edtcapture.so
edtcapture.so provides image capture with the EDT PCI-DV CLINK CameraLink framegrabber
(http://www.edt.com) and possibly other capture cards supported by the EDT PCI-DV driver.
To use this module, you must have the EDT PCI-DV driver installed in /usr/local/EDTpdv or /opt/EDTpdv. The
edtinit shell script (provided with the driver) should be run on system boot, and you need may in addition need to
run the initcam program to complete initialization of the driver before using this module (e.g.
/usr/local/EDTpdv/initcam -f /usr/local/EDTpdv/camera config/sc6000.cfg). Also be sure that
/dev/pdv0 has appropriate permissions.
7.6.1
Prerequisites
• library wfmstore.so
• library metadata.so
• library rpc.so
7.6.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
devname
unit
channel
width
height
numbufs
channelname
Type
quoted string
unsigned integer
unsigned integer
unsigned integer
unsigned integer
unsigned integer
quoted string
calcsync
boolean (true or false)
discardtopline
boolean
Value
PDV device name for pdv open() (default is “pdv”).
Unit number for pdv open() (default is 0)
Channel number for pdv open() (default is 0)
Width of camera image, in pixels (default is 640)
Height of camera image, in pixels (default is 512)
Size of the ring buffer in frames (default is 10)
Name of the channel to contain the images (default is
“EDT”)
If true, don’t allow new acquisitions until computations resulting from the previous acquisition are complete. (default is false)
If true, always ask the EDT library for one extra line,
then discard the first line of each image capture
Edtcapture also supports the standard metadata initialization configuration parameters setstaticmetadatum and
addquerymetadatum. The metadata provided by these methods is attached to the captured waveforms.
114
7.6.3
Commands
In addition to the commands described on the next pages, edtcapture also supports the standard metadata
specification parameters setstaticmetadatum, addquerymetadatum, and delmetadatum. The metadata provided
by these methods is attached to the captured images.
(commands begin on next page)
115
edtcapture:CALCSYNC
Syntax
edtcapture:CALCSYNC <sync enabled>
CALCSYNC? <sync enabled>
Description
Set whether new acquisitions should be inhibited until computation from the previous acquisition is
complete
Parameters
<sync enabled>
Whether new acquisitions should be inhibited, true or false
Notes
• Enabling or disabling CALCSYNC will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the
framegrabber.
See also
116
edtcapture:GEOMETRY
Syntax
edtcapture:GEOMETRY <width>*<height>
GEOMETRY? <width>*<height>
Description
Specify or query the image size expected from the camera.
Parameters
<width>
<height>
Width of the image, in pixels.
Height of the image, in pixels.
Notes
• Changing the geometry will cancel any acquisition currently in progress on the framegrabber.
See also
117
7.7
hp34401 thermistor.so
hp34401 thermistor.so transforms a thermistor and HP 34401A benchtop multimeter into a temperature meter.
The computer sets the multimeter to resistance mode, transforms the resistance to temperature using a lookup
table and linear interpolation, and displays the temperature on the hp34401 display. The temperature can also be
read out through the dataguzzler command interface.
7.7.1
Prerequisites
• library multiio.so
7.7.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
uri
Type
quoted string
rt priority
unsigned integer
inttime
real number
timer period
thermistor calibration in celsius
real number
boolean (true or false)
thermistor calibration
array of real numbers
timeoutms
integer
7.7.3
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
118
Value
multiio URI for HP 34401A. Use URI
‘‘serial:///dev/ttyS0:9600:7:e:2’’
for
HP34401A serial or ‘‘gpib://0:8:0:0:10’’ for
HP34401A gpib address 8
POSIX real time priority of data collection thread (default 0)
Measurement integration time in power line cycles. Allowed values are .02, .2, 1, 10, or 100. The longer the
inttime, the longer the GPIB bus is tied up by the
measurement thread waiting for the voltmeter.
Desired time between measurments, in seconds.
Set to true if the temperatures in the calibration table
are in deg. C. Set to false if the temperatures are in
deg. K.
Thermistor calibration data. Should consist of alternating values of resistance (Ohms) and temperature
(deg. K or C), both of which should be monotonic.
communications timeout, in milliseconds. Negative indicates wait forever
hp34401thermistor:TEMP
Syntax
hp34401thermistor:TEMP? <temperature> C
Description
Query the last temperature measured by the termistor.
Parameters
<temperature>
The measured temperature in degrees Celsius.
Notes
See also
• hp34401thermistor:TEMPREV (pg. 120)
119
hp34401thermistor:TEMPREV
Syntax
hp34401thermistor:TEMPREV? <temperature> C <revision> <timestamp sec>
<timestamp nsec>
Description
Query the last temperature measured by the termistor.
Parameters
<temperature>
<revision>
<timestamp sec>
<timestamp nsec>
The measured temperature in degrees Celsius.
Revision count of temperature.
Seconds component of the timestamp.
Nanoseconds component of the timestamp.
Notes
See also
• hp34401thermistor:TEMP (pg. 119)
• hp34401thermistor:WAITTEMPREV (pg. 121)
120
hp34401thermistor:WAITTEMPREV
Syntax
hp34401thermistor:WAITTEMPREV? <revision> WAITTEMPREV <temperature> C
<revision> <timestamp sec> <timestamp nsec>
Description
Wait for the specified revision, then query the last temperature measured by the termistor.
Parameters
<temperature>
<revision>
<timestamp sec>
<timestamp nsec>
The measured temperature in degrees Celsius.
Revision count of temperature.
Seconds component of the timestamp.
Nanoseconds component of the timestamp.
Notes
• The first syntax above is the format of the query, the second is the format of the response
• The obtained revision may be later than the requested revision.
See also
• hp34401thermistor:TEMP (pg. 119)
• hp34401thermistor:TEMPREV (pg. 120)
121
7.8
agilent33x20awg.so
agilent33x20awg.so uses an Agilent 33220A (or an older HP/Agilent 33120A) function generator as an arbitrary
waveform generator. It places the 33220A in arbitrary waveform burst mode, and uploads a named wavefrom from
wfmstore.so as the arbitrary waveform. Note that the named waveform should have no more samples than the
amount of storage in the function generator (see agilent33x20awg:NUMPOINTS (pg. 126)). The named waveform
should go between voltages of +1V and -1V.
7.8.1
Prerequisites
• library multiio.so
• library wfmstore.so
7.8.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
uri
Type
quoted string
arbchan
channel name
ampl
voltage (Volts)
offset
ncyc
voltage (Volts)
integer
trigsrc
BUS, EXT, or IMM
output
lockout
ON or OFF
TRUE or FALSE
7.8.3
Value
multiio URI for function generator.
Use
URI
serial:///dev/ttyS0:9600:8:n:2
for
HP33120a serial or ‘‘gpib://0:10:0:0:10’’
for 33120A or 33220A gpib address 10 decimal or
tcp://fcngen:5025 for agilent 33220a tcp/ip on host
fcngen.
Name of wfmstore.so channel to use as source to upload to waveform generator (default ARB)
The desired peak-to-peak amplitude (into 50 ohms)
(default 100 mV).
Desired voltage offset (into 50 ohms) (default 0 V).
desired number of cycles of the arbitrary waveform per
trigger
desired trigger source: BUS (or trigger button on
front), EXTernal connector on rear, or IMMedate automatic triggering.
Desired initial output state: ON or OFF
should the instrument front panel (excluding the LOCAL button) be locked out?
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
122
agilent33x20awg:AMPL
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:AMPL <voltage amplitude> V
AMPL? <voltage amplitude> V
Description
Specify or query the arbitrary waveform generator peak-to-peak output voltage.
Parameters
<Voltage
amplitude>
The desired amplitude (Volts)
Notes
• This assumes the arbitrary waveform (see agilent33x20awg:ARBCHAN) has minimum value -1.0 and
maximum value 1.0.
See also
• agilent33x20awg:ARBCHAN (pg. 124)
• agilent33x20awg:OFFSET (pg. 127)
123
agilent33x20awg:ARBCHAN
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:ARBCHAN <channel name>
ARBCHAN? <channel name>
Description
Specify or query the channel used to upload to the arbitrary waveform generator.
Parameters
<channel name >
Name of the wfmstore.so channel.
Notes
See also
124
agilent33x20awg:NCYC
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:NCYC <number of cycles>
NCYC? <number of cycles>
Description
Specify or query the number of arbitrary waveform cycles per trigger.
Parameters
<number of cycles>
The desired number of cycles
Notes
See also
125
agilent33x20awg:NUMPOINTS
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:NUMPOINTS? <number of points>
Description
Query the function generator memory size.
Parameters
<number of points>
Function generator memory size
Notes
• 16000 for HP33120, 65536 for Agilent 33220A.
• This module will refuse to upload waveforms longer than the function generator memory size.
Waveforms shorter than the function generator memory size will be zero-padded.
See also
126
agilent33x20awg:OFFSET
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:OFFSET <voltage offset> V
OFFSET? <voltage offset> V
Description
Specify or query the arbitrary waveform generator output voltage offset.
Parameters
<Voltage offset>
The desired offset (Volts)
Notes
See also
• agilent33x20awg:AMPL (pg. 123)
127
agilent33x20awg:OUTPUT
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:OUTPUT <output status>
OUTPUT? <output status>
Description
Set or query whether the function generator output is enabled (Agilent 33220A only).
Parameters
<output status>
The output status: ON or OFF
Notes
See also
128
agilent33x20awg:SAMPLERATE
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:SAMPLERATE? <sample rate>
Description
Query the function generator hardware sample rate.
Parameters
<sample rate>
Sample rate in Hz
Notes
• 40 MHz for HP33120, 50 MHz for Agilent 33220A.
• For best results, the arbitrary waveform should use a sample rate that is a factor of the function
generator hardware sample rate.
See also
129
agilent33x20awg:TRIGSRC
Syntax
agilent33x20awg:TRIGSRC <trigger source>
TRIGSRC? <trigger source>
Description
Specify or query the function generator trigger source.
Parameters
<trigger source>
BUS (Button on console), EXTernal trigger, or IMMediate automatic
trigger.
Notes
See also
130
7.9
tabor5061awg.so
tabor5061awg.so controls a Tabor WW5061 as an arbitrary waveform generator. It places the ww5061 in arbitrary
waveform burst mode, and uploads a named wavefrom from wfmstore.so as the arbitrary waveform. Note that the
named waveform should have no more samples than the amount of storage in the function generator (see
tabor5061awg:NUMPOINTS (pg. 137)). The named waveform should go between voltages of +1V and -1V.
Please note that the 5061 firmware (v1.61 as of this writing) is rather buggy. GPIB waveform upload/download
does not seem to work properly for unknown reasons, and despite the documentation the instrument does not
support waveform upload/download in SCPI over TCP. Instead the instrument switches to a proprietary (and
buggy) UDP protocol that doesn’t deal with all of the possibilities for dropped packets (hence there’s a chance the
upload could fail). Also please note to enable the UDP transfers any software or hardware firewall between the
computer and the WW5061 must allow UDP packets from the instrument on port 7501. For example (using Linux
iptables):
iptables -A INPUT -i eth1 -p udp -m udp --dport 7501 -j ACCEPT
7.9.1
Prerequisites
• library multiio.so
• library wfmstore.so
131
7.9.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
uri
Type
quoted string
arbchan
channel name
ampl
voltage (Volts)
offset
ncyc
voltage (Volts)
integer
output
memsize
ON or OFF
integer
extclk
extclkfreq
udphostname
boolean
frequency (Hz)
quoted string
udplisteninterface
quoted string
7.9.3
Value
multiio URI for function generator.
Use URI
‘‘tcp://hostname:23’’ tcp/ip on host hostname.
GPIB should work also, but currently firmware bugs
in the instrument seem to cause it to fail during the
waveform upload process.
Name of wfmstore.so channel to use as source to upload to waveform generator (default ARB)
The desired peak-to-peak amplitude (into 50 ohms)
(default 100 mV).
Desired voltage offset (into 50 ohms) (default 0 V).
desired number of cycles of the arbitrary waveform per
trigger
Desired initial output state: ON or OFF
Installed memory (max waveform storage) size, in
bytes, default 1000000
Enable external clock input (SMA connector)
The initial frequency of the external clock
the function generator host name (should be the
same as in the TCP URI) for UDP waveform upload/download
IP address or host name of ethernet interface for listening for UDP data from the function generator. If
not specified, will listen on all interfaces.
Commands
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132
tabor5061awg:AMPL
Syntax
tabor5061awg:AMPL <voltage amplitude> V
AMPL? <voltage amplitude> V
Description
Specify or query the arbitrary waveform generator peak-to-peak output voltage.
Parameters
<Voltage
amplitude>
The desired amplitude (Volts)
Notes
• This assumes the arbitrary waveform (see tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN) has minimum value -1.0 and
maximum value 1.0.
See also
• tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN (pg. 134)
• tabor5061awg:OFFSET (pg. 138)
133
tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN
Syntax
tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN <channel name>
ARBCHAN? <channel name>
Description
Specify or query the channel used to upload to the arbitrary waveform generator.
Parameters
<channel name >
Name of the wfmstore.so channel.
Notes
See also
134
tabor5061awg:EXTCLKFREQ
Syntax
tabor5061awg:EXTCLKFREQ <frequency>
EXTCLKFREQ DISABLED
EXTCLKFREQ?
Description
Set or query the currently assumed external clock frequency.
Parameters
<frequency>
The currently assumed external clock frequency (default Hz)
Notes
• Changing the external clock frequency triggers a new waveform upload. But you need to update the
waveform first. The best sequence is:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN to a nonexistent/empty waveform.
Adjust the hardware frequency source for the external clock.
Issue tabor5061awg:EXTCLKFREQ with the new clock frequency
Update the correct channel with a waveform with the new clock frequency
Set tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN back to the correct channel
• tabor5061awg:EXTCLKFREQ DISABLED disables use of the external clock.
• When no external clock is in use, the waveform generator generates an internal clock based on the
sample period from tabor5061awg:ARBCHAN
See also
135
tabor5061awg:NCYC
Syntax
tabor5061awg:NCYC <number of cycles>
NCYC? <number of cycles>
Description
Specify or query the number of arbitrary waveform cycles per trigger.
Parameters
<number of cycles>
The desired number of cycles
Notes
See also
136
tabor5061awg:NUMPOINTS
Syntax
tabor5061awg:NUMPOINTS? <number of points>
Description
Query the function generator memory size.
Parameters
<number of points>
Function generator memory size
Notes
• 524288 or 1048576, depending on model (must be properly set in config file).
• This module will refuse to upload waveforms longer than the function generator memory size.
See also
137
tabor5061awg:OFFSET
Syntax
tabor5061awg:OFFSET <voltage offset> V
OFFSET? <voltage offset> V
Description
Specify or query the arbitrary waveform generator output voltage offset.
Parameters
<Voltage offset>
The desired offset (Volts)
Notes
See also
• tabor5061awg:AMPL (pg. 133)
138
tabor5061awg:OUTPUT
Syntax
tabor5061awg:OUTPUT <output status>
OUTPUT? <output status>
Description
Set or query whether the function generator output is enabled.
Parameters
<output status>
The output status: ON or OFF
Notes
See also
139
7.10
wfmgen.so
wfmgen.so creates custom-specified burst, sweep, or noise waveforms. If the wfmioname is specified, wfmgen
donates ownership of created waveforms/channels to the specified WFMIO-compatible module. Otherwise it
maintains ownership itself and reports a list with every SET query, regenerates every waveform with every SET
command, and regenerates every waveform if DT is changed.
7.10.1
Prerequisites
• library rpc.so
• library wfmstore.so
7.10.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
wfmioname
Type
quoted string
dt
npoints
timedelay
ampl
time (sec)
unsigned integer
time (seconds)
voltage (Volts)
7.10.3
Value
name of the wfmio module (gets ownership of the generated waveforms), default WFM (must be within the
same process!)
step time for the generated waveforms (default 1 µs)
number of points per waveform (default 65536)
time delay before first point. (default 0)
amplitude of waveforms to generate (half the desired
peak-to-peak amplitude) (default 0.5 V)
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
140
wfmgen:BURST
Syntax
wfmgen:BURST <waveform name> <f> <t0> <t1> <t2> <t3>
Description
Create a waveform containing a modulated tone burst
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the waveform to create
<f>
Frequency of the burst
<t0>,<t1>,<t2>,<t3> Parameters of the raised-cosine envelope
Notes
• The zero-phase point is t=0
• See wfmgen:WINDOW for information on the raised-cosine envelope parameters.
See also
• wfmgen:WINDOW (pg. 149)
141
wfmgen:DT
Syntax
wfmgen:DT <time step>
DT?
Description
Set or query the time step used for waveform creation
Parameters
<time step>
The time step (default seconds)
Notes
• If the wfmgen:module is programmed to store its own waveforms (the wfmioname configuration
parameter is not set), then changing DT will cause the module to regenerate all of its own waveforms
with the new time step.
See also
• wfmgen:TIMEDELAY (pg. 148)
142
wfmgen:FUNC
Syntax
wfmgen:FUNC? <waveform name>
Description
Obtain the specification of waveform <waveform name>
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of preexisting wfmgen: waveform.
Notes
• The response is in the form wfmgen:<WFMGENCMD> <waveform name> <parameters. . . >
See also
143
wfmgen:GAUSSIAN
Syntax
wfmgen:GAUSSIAN <waveform name> <t> <width>
Description
Create a waveform containing a Gaussian pulse
Parameters
<waveform name>
<t0>
<width>
Name of the waveform to create
Time of the center of the pulse
Width of the pulse, in units of time.
Notes
• The waveform is truncated to the time range specified in the module configuration
0
• The function generated is: exp(− t−t
2w2 ).
See also
• wfmgen:SINC (pg. 145)
144
wfmgen:SINC
Syntax
wfmgen:SINC <waveform name> <t> <width>
Description
Create a waveform containing a sinc pulse
Parameters
<waveform name>
<t0>
<width>
Name of the waveform to create
Time of the center of the pulse
Width of the pulse, in units of time.
Notes
• The waveform is truncated to the time range specified in the module configuration
• The function generated is:
sin(π(t−t0 )/w)
π(t−t0 )/w .
See also
• wfmgen:GAUSSIAN (pg. 144)
145
wfmgen:SWEEP
Syntax
wfmgen:SWEEP <waveform name> <f1> <f2> <t0> <t1> <t2> <t3>
Description
Create a waveform containing a frequency sweep (chirp)
Parameters
<waveform name>
<f0>
<f1>
<t0>,<t1>,<t2>,<t3>
Name of the waveform to create
Starting frequency
Ending frequency
Parameters of the raised-cosine envelope
Notes
• The reference phase is -PI/2 at t=t0
• See wfmgen:WINDOW for information on the raised-cosine envelope parameters.
• The waveform is zero for t < t0. It increases to the configured amplitude at t1 following a
raised-cosine envelope and stays at the configured amplitude until t2. Then it decreases following a
raised cosine envelope to zero at and after t3
See also
• wfmgen:WINDOW (pg. 149)
• wfmgen:SWEEPENVELOPE (pg. 147)
146
wfmgen:SWEEPENVELOPE
Syntax
wfmgen:SWEEPENVELOPE <waveform name> <f1> <f2> <t0> <t1> <t2>
<t3> <envt0> <envV0> <envt1> <envV0> ...
Description
Create a waveform containing a frequency sweep (chirp), with an extra multiplicative envelope defined by
an arbitrary series of (t,V) pairs.
Parameters
<waveform name>
<f0>
<f1>
<t0>,<t1>,<t2>,<t3>
<envt<i>>,
<envV<i>>
Name of the waveform to create
Starting frequency
Ending frequency
Parameters of the raised-cosine envelope
Time and voltage pair #<i> of the extra linear interpolation envelope
Notes
• The extra multiplicative envelope is multiplied by the raised cosine envelope defined by <t0>, <t1>,
<t2>, and <t3>
• The reference phase is -PI/2 at t=t0
• See wfmgen:WINDOW for information on the raised-cosine envelope parameters.
• The waveform is zero for t < t0. It increases to the configured amplitude at t1 following a
raised-cosine envelope and stays at the configured amplitude until t2. Then it decreases following a
raised cosine envelope to zero at and after t3
• The extra envelope is defined by a series of (time, voltage) pairs following <t3>. Voltage at
intermediate times will be linearly interpolated. Units are assumed to be seconds and volts by default,
respectively.
See also
• wfmgen:WINDOW (pg. 149)
• wfmgen:SWEEP (pg. 146)
147
wfmgen:TIMEDELAY
Syntax
wfmgen:TIMEDELAY <time delay>
TIMEDELAY?
Description
Set or query the time of the first sample generated in created waveforms
Parameters
<time delay>
The time delay of the first sample (default seconds)
Notes
• If the wfmgen:module is programmed to store its own waveforms (the wfmioname configuration
parameter is not set), then changing TIMEDELAY will cause the module to regenerate all of its own
waveforms with the new time delay.
See also
• wfmgen:DT (pg. 142)
148
wfmgen:WINDOW
Syntax
wfmgen:WINDOW <waveform name> <t0> <t1> <t2> <t3>
Description
Create a waveform containing a split raised-cosine window
Parameters
<waveform name>
Name of the waveform to create
<t0>,<t1>,<t2>,<t3> Parameters of the raised-cosine envelope
Notes
• The waveform is zero for t ¡ t0. It increases to the configured amplitude at t1 following a raised-cosine
envelope and stays at the configured amplitude until t2. Then it decreases following a raised cosine
envelope to zero at and after t3
See also
149
7.11
polytecvibrometer.so
polytecvibrometer.so supports laser vibrometers based on the PolyTec OFV-5000 vibrometer controller. As
currently implemented it operates exclusively using the first velocity decoder module inside the OFV-5000. It has
two main functions: (Focus monitoring and control), and (gain adjustment and waveform capture interfacing). It
can supply a “Probe Attenuation” and appropriate metadata to a waveform capture driver so as to make the
acquired waveforms appear in units of doppler velocity. It also can extract the vibrometer delay and use that to
apply a temporal offset the acquired velocity waveforms. If the probe attenuation and static metadata
configuration parameters are supplied then this functionality will be enabled. Note that whatever module(s) those
commands refer to should be initialized prior to polytecvibrometer.so in the configuration file.
7.11.1
Prerequisites
• library rpc.so
• library multiio.so
7.11.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
uri
Type
quoted string
staticmetadatacmd
quoted string
probeattencmd
quoted string
probeattenfactor
real number
timeoutms
lockout
integer
boolean
range
real number
Value
URI for communicating with the laser vibrometer,
typically serial:///dev/ttyS0:57600:8:n:1:nortscts (default none)
command
for
setting
static
metadata
of
the
waveform
capture
device,
e.g.
WCAPT:CH4:SETSTATICMETADATUM (default
none)
command
for
setting
the
probe
attenuation of the waveform capture device, e.g.
WCAPT:CH4:PROBEATTEN (default none)
additional probe attenuation scale factor, to account
additional attenuation on the waveform capture input,
for example
communications timeout, in ms. (default 3000)
whether to lockout the instrument console (default
false)
initial range setting, in mm/s/V
150
7.11.3
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
151
polytecvibrometer:AUTOFOCUS
Syntax
polytecvibrometer:AUTOFOCUS
AUTOFOCUS? <autofocus status>
Description
Initiate an autofocus or query the autofocus status.
Parameters
<autofocus status>
“FOCUSING”, “FOCUSED”, or “FAILED”
Notes
• The parameter to the query format illustrates the format of the response to a query.
See also
• polytecvibrometer:WAITAUTOFOCUS (pg. 157)
152
polytecvibrometer:DELAY
Syntax
polytecvibrometer:DELAY?
DELAY <delay> us
Description
Query the vibrometer’s inherent delay for the current sensitivity setting.
Parameters
<delay>
Delay induced by the vibrometer, in microseconds
Notes
• The command format given above is provided to illustrate the format of the response to a query.
• The delay is a function of the range setting, polytecvibrometer:RANGE.
See also
• polytecvibrometer:RANGE (pg. 155)
153
polytecvibrometer:FOCUSPOSITION
Syntax
polytecvibrometer:FOCUSPOSITION?
FOCUSPOSITION <position>%
Description
Query the vibrometer’s focus position.
Parameters
<position>
The position response from the vibrometer.
Notes
• The command format given above is provided to illustrate the format of the response to a query.
See also
• polytecvibrometer:AUTOFOCUS (pg. 152)
154
polytecvibrometer:RANGE
Syntax
polytecvibrometer:RANGE <range>
RANGE?
Description
Set or query the vibrometer sensitivity setting.
Parameters
<range>
One over the sensitivity, in mm/s/V
Notes
• The units of mm/s/V may optionally be supplied
• If the staticmetadatacmd and/or probeattencmd parameters are set, this will trigger adjustment of
the probe attenuation, delay, etc. as appropriate
• The allowable range settings depend on the velocity decoder in use. This routine asks the contoller for
the list of range settings and picks the closest one to the requested value. The requested value is
returned.
• Different ranges may have different inherent delays (see polytecvibrometer:DELAY).
• Different ranges may have different analog bandwidths (see the user manual).
See also
• polytecvibrometer:DELAY (pg. 153)
155
polytecvibrometer:SIGNALLEVEL
Syntax
polytecvibrometer:SIGNALLEVEL?
SIGNALLEVEL <percent>%
Description
Query the vibrometer’s optical signal level.
Parameters
<percent>
Percent of maximum signal level (may be logarithmic).
Notes
• The command format given above is provided to illustrate the format of the response to a query.
• The signal level depends dramatically on the quality of the focus.
See also
• polytecvibrometer:AUTOFOCUS (pg. 152)
156
polytecvibrometer:WAITAUTOFOCUS
Syntax
polytecvibrometer:WAITAUTOFOCUS
WAITAUTOFOCUS <autofocus status>
Description
Wait for an autofocus to complete.
Parameters
<autofocus status>
“FOCUSED”, or “FAILED”
Notes
• The parameter in the second syntax line illustrates the format of the response when focusing is
complete.
• An autofocus should have been initated with polytecvibrometer:AUTOFOCUS.
See also
• polytecvibrometer:AUTOFOCUS (pg. 152)
157
7.12
pyscript.so
pyscript.so provides a mechanism for Python-based scripting. The initialization block consists of two
brace-delimited sets of python code. The first such set is for module initialization. It executes in the context of a
newly created python module with the same name as the dataguzzler module, and usually contains import
statements and variable and function definitions. The special global variable pys modname is initialized to the
name of the script module (capitalized). Please note that the first set of code is not permitted to call
dg python.rpc async(). It may, however, check for existance of other modules with dg python.findmodule(). If the
initialization code sets the global variable disabled to True, then module initialization will be cancelled and the
module will not be available.
The second set of python code is executed when this module is called. The variable “cmd” is initialized to the
command to be parsed. You can use sys.stdout.write() (avoid the print statement) to send a single line of output to
the client (never transmit a linefeed!). Global variables can be read directly from the python code, but modifying
them requires declaring them with a global statement. A special variable ‘retcode’ is pre-initialized to 200, and can
be used to set an alternative return code for the script. The script will execute atomically within the dataguzzler
kernel context, except for calls to dg python.rpc async() that require waiting, which allow other kernel
commands to be processed and execute, until the call is complete.
If the connection dies, rpc async() will throw an exception and additional attempts to call rpc async() will fail. The
script should end at this point.
7.12.1
Prerequisites
• library rpc.so
• library dg python.so
7.12.2
Configuration parameters
(The configuration section is a series of two python scripts, each enclosed in braces and indented. The first is
executed on module initialization. The second is executed when the module is called. Neither script section may be
empty. If no code is to be provided, give the python statement “pass”. )
7.12.3
Commands
(none)
158
7.13
time.so
time.so provides support for waiting specified amounts of time, and may provide further timing functionality in the
future. Currently, its primary purpose is to allow python script modules (pyscript.so) to wait for a specified
amount of time while allowing the dataguzzler kernel to continue executing.
7.13.1
Prerequisites
(none)
7.13.2
Configuration parameters
(none)
7.13.3
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
159
time:DELAY
Syntax
time:DELAY <time>
DELAY?
Description
Wait for a specified amount of time.
Parameters
<time>
The amount of time to wait, in units of time (default seconds)
Notes
• This command does not occupy the dataguzzler kernel. Commands issued from other connections can
execute during the wait.
See also
160
time:TIMESTAMP
Syntax
time:TIMESTAMP?
Description
Obtain a timestamp
Parameters
Notes
• The form of the result is a single quoted string, e.g. ”2007-06-27T18:43:59-0500”. This is believed to
be ISO-8601 compliant.
See also
161
7.14
simpletrigger.so
simpletrigger.so provides support for simple trigger generation using a digital output
7.14.1
Prerequisites
• Library dio8bit.so
• Digital I/O driver library.
7.14.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
portclass
Type
quoted string
portdevice
triggermask
quoted string
unsigned integer
ddr
unsigned integer
ddrmask
mode
rate
unsigned integer
INTERNAL or COMPUTER
frequency (Hz)
7.14.3
Value
Name of the digital I/O driver class to use (e.g.
das4020dio)
Device name to pass to the digital I/O driver
bitmask of bits to use for triggering, usually in hex
(e.g. $20)
data direction register, usually in hex. Cleared bits
indicate write, set bits indicate read.
mask of ddr bits to set (usually in hex)
trigger mode
Initial trigger rate for internal trigger. Also maximum
rate for computer-trigger
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
162
simpletrigger:MODE
Syntax
simpletrigger:MODE <trigger mode>
MODE?
Description
Set the mode for the trigger generator.
Parameters
<trigger mode>
The desired trigger mode: INTernal or COMPuter
Notes
See also
• simpletrigger:RATE (pg. 164)
163
simpletrigger:RATE
Syntax
simpletrigger:RATE <trigger frequency>
Description
Set the frequency of the trigger generator.
Parameters
<trigger frequency>
The desired trigger frequency (default units of Hz)
Notes
• This frequency controls the minimum period between triggers (simpletrigger:MODE COMPUTER),
or acts as an upper bound on the frequency of internally generated triggers (simpletrigger:MODE
INTERNAL)/
See also
• simpletrigger:TRIGGER (pg. 165)
• simpletrigger:MODE (pg. 163)
164
simpletrigger:TRIGGER
Syntax
simpletrigger:TRIGGER
Description
Issue a trigger on the configured digital output.
Parameters
Notes
• Triggers will only be generated as fast as specified in simpletrigger:RATE. If you attempt to retrigger
too quickly the simpletrigger:TRIGGER command will wait until the trigger period has passed before
generating the trigger and returning.
See also
• simpletrigger:RATE (pg. 164)
165
7.15
isutriggen.so
isutriggens.so provides support for the ISU/CNDE trigger generator circuit board. This board uses an array of
LS7366 timer IC’s plus discrete logic to generate a master trigger pulse, with hardware-enforced holdoff, plus a
delayed function generator trigger and a series of camera frame trigger pulses.
7.15.1
Prerequisites
• library dio8bit.so
• (usually) library das4020dio.so
7.15.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
trigmindelay
Type
real number
fcngendelay
real number
camtrigdelay
real number
camtrigperiod
camtrigframes
portadevice
real number
integer
quoted string
portbdevice
quoted string
portbdevice
quoted string
portclass
clockfreq
triggerenabled
fcngenlatency
quoted string
real number
boolean
real number
cameralatency
real number
7.15.3
Value
minimum holdoff between master triggers (default seconds)
delay between master trigger and function generator
trigger (default seconds)
delay between master trigger and first camera frame
trigger (default seconds)
delay between camera frame triggers (default seconds)
number of camera frame triggers per master trigger
device file for DAS4020dio porta (typically
/dev/das4020-12/dio0 0A)
device file for DAS4020dio portb (typically
/dev/das4020-12/dio0 0B)
device file for DAS4020dio portc (typically
/dev/das4020-12/dio0 0C)
class library for ports a, b, and c (typically das4020dio)
frequency of master clock, (default Hz)
initial trigger enable state (default TRUE)
initial assumed function generator latency (default 0
seconds)
initial assumed camera latency (default 0 seconds)
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
166
isutriggen:CLOCKFREQ
Syntax
isutriggen:CLOCKFREQ <frequency>
CLOCKFREQ?
Description
Set or query the frequency of the master clock used by the trigger generator.
Parameters
<frequency>
The master clock frequency (default Hz)
Notes
• The master clock is not generated by the trigger generator. It is merely used by the trigger generator.
This command should be used to ensure that the trigger generator knows the actual frequency of the
master clock. If CLOCKFREQ is set incorrectly, the trigger generator will not generate triggers at
the correct times.
• The current trigger generator hardware operates properly for master clock frequencies up to 5 MHz
• Adjusting the master clock frequency will requantize the trigger delays and periods to fit the new
master clock. Resetting the master clock frequency to the original generally does not restore the
original delays/periods.
See also
167
isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED
Syntax
isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED <enabled>
TRIGGERENABLED?
Description
Set or query whether the trigger generator will accept new triggers.
Parameters
<enabled>
Boolean (TRUE or FALSE) indicating whether triggering is enabled.
Notes
• TRIGGERENABLED and CAMFREERUN are mutually exclusive
• WAITINHIBITTRIGGER can also be used to temporarily inhibit triggering
See also
• isutriggen:CAMFREERUN (pg. 169)
• isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER (pg. 170)
168
isutriggen:CAMFREERUN
Syntax
isutriggen:CAMFREERUN <enabled>
CAMFREERUN?
Description
Set or query whether the trigger generator is in camera freerun mode.
Parameters
<enabled>
Boolean (TRUE or FALSE) indicating whether camera freerun is enabled.
Notes
• TRIGGERENABLED and CAMFREERUN are mutually exclusive
See also
• isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED (pg. 168)
169
isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER
Syntax
isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER
Description
Temporarily lockout triggering
Parameters
Notes
• isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER gives the client a lock which can be held by only one client at a
time.
• Each call to isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER should be followed shortly thereafter by a call to
isutriggen:ALLOWTRIGGER to release the lock and reenable triggering.
• isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER waits asynchronously for the aforementioned lock to become
available. Theoretically, this could take some time.
• To disable triggering for a long time, use isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED FALSE instead of
isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER
See also
• isutriggen:ALLOWTRIGGER (pg. 171)
• isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED (pg. 168)
170
isutriggen:ALLOWTRIGGER
Syntax
isutriggen:ALLOWTRIGGER
Description
Reenable triggering following isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER.
Parameters
Notes
See also
• isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED (pg. 168)
• isutriggen:WAITINHIBITTRIGGER (pg. 170)
171
isutriggen:TRIGMINDELAY
Syntax
isutriggen:TRIGMINDELAY <minimum holdoff>
TRIGMINDELAY?
Description
Set or query the hardware-enforced minimum holdoff between triggers.
Parameters
<minimum holdoff>
The minimum holdoff (default seconds)
Notes
• The actual value (returned) is rounded up to the nearest multiple of the trigger generator master
clock period.
• This time must be longer than the delay to the function generator trigger and the delay to the last
camera frame trigger. While this constraint is not currently enforced, violating it may cause the
system to malfunction.
See also
172
isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY
Syntax
isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY <function generator delay>
FCNGENDELAY?
Description
Set or query the delay from the master trigger to the function generator trigger.
Parameters
<function generator
delay>
The function generator trigger delay (default seconds)
Notes
• The actual delay function generator trigger is reduced by the value of the
isutriggen:FCNGENLATENCY.
• The value returned is rounded to the nearest multiple of the trigger generator master clock period and
then adjusted by the function generator latency.
See also
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY (pg. 176)
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGFRAMES (pg. 178)
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGPERIOD (pg. 177)
• isutriggen:FCNGENLATENCY (pg. 174)
173
isutriggen:FCNGENLATENCY
Syntax
isutriggen:FCNGENLATENCY <function generator latency>
FCNGENLATENCY?
Description
Set or query the assumed latency of the function generator trigger.
Parameters
<function generator
latency>
The function generator latency (default seconds)
Notes
• A positive latency reduces the time between master trigger and function generator trigger
• If the resulting delay is smaller than the hardware can handle (a few isutriggen:CLOCKFREQ
periods), the isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY will be silently increased.
See also
• isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY (pg. 173)
174
isutriggen:CAMERALATENCY
Syntax
isutriggen:CAMERALATENCY <camera latency>
CAMERALATENCY?
Description
Set or query the assumed latency of the camera trigger.
Parameters
<camera latency>
The camera latency (default seconds)
Notes
• A positive latency reduces the time between master trigger and first camera trigger.
• The camera frame period is not affected by this parameter.
• If the resulting delay is smaller than the hardware can handle (a few isutriggen:CLOCKFREQ
periods), the isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY will be silently increased.
See also
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY (pg. 176)
• isutriggen:CLOCKFREQ (pg. 167)
175
isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY
Syntax
isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY <camera trigger delay>
CAMTRIGDELAY?
Description
Set or query the delay from the master trigger to the first camera frame trigger.
Parameters
<camera
delay>
trigger
The delay from the master trigger to the first camera trigger (default
seconds).
Notes
• The actual hardware trigger delay is reduced by the specified isutriggen:CAMERALATENCY.
• The actual value (returned) is rounded to the nearest multiple of the trigger generator master clock
period before the latency is added.
See also
• isutriggen:CAMERALATENCY (pg. 175)
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGFRAMES (pg. 178)
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGPERIOD (pg. 177)
• isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY (pg. 173)
176
isutriggen:CAMTRIGPERIOD
Syntax
isutriggen:CAMTRIGPERIOD <camera trigger period>
CAMTRIGPERIOD?
Description
Set or query the delay between camera frame triggers.
Parameters
<camera
period>
trigger
The delay between camera frame triggers (default seconds).
Notes
• The actual value (returned) is rounded to the nearest multiple of the trigger generator master clock
period.
See also
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY (pg. 176)
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGFRAMES (pg. 178)
• isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY (pg. 173)
177
isutriggen:CAMTRIGFRAMES
Syntax
isutriggen:CAMTRIGFRAMES <numtriggers>
CAMTRIGFRAMES?
Description
Set or query the number of camera frame triggers per master trigger.
Parameters
<numtriggers>
The number of camera frame triggers.
Notes
See also
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGDELAY (pg. 176)
• isutriggen:CAMTRIGPERIOD (pg. 177)
• isutriggen:FCNGENDELAY (pg. 173)
178
isutriggen:TRIGGER
Syntax
isutriggen:TRIGGER
Description
Generate a trigger.
Parameters
Notes
• This will wait for the holdoff timer to expire, if necessary. It is therefore non-atomic.
See also
• isutriggen:TRIGGERENABLED (pg. 168)
• isutriggen:TRIGMINDELAY (pg. 172)
179
isutriggen:NEXTCAMFRAMETIME
Syntax
isutriggen:NEXTCAMFRAMETIME <frametime>
NEXTCAMFRAMETIME?
Description
Query the time of the next frame in the sequence.
Parameters
<frametime>
The time of the next frame
Notes
• Query only; command syntax to illustrate result syntax only.
• isutriggen:NEXTCAMFRAMETIME returns camera frame times in a round-robin fashion.
• Use isutriggen:RESETCAMFRAMETIME to return to the first frame.
See also
• isutriggen:RESETCAMFRAMETIME (pg. 181)
180
isutriggen:RESETCAMFRAMETIME
Syntax
isutriggen:RESETCAMFRAMETIME
Description
Reset the frame sequence counter.
Parameters
Notes
• After isutriggen:RESETCAMFRAMETIME, isutriggen:NEXTCAMFRAMETIME returns the time of
the first frame after a master trigger.
See also
• isutriggen:NEXTCAMFRAMETIME (pg. 180)
181
7.16
das4020dac.so
das4020dac.so provides support for the digital to analog converters on the Measurement Computing
PCI-DAS4020/12 data acquisition board. The board supports +/- 1V and +/- 10V ranges. In the past we have
found that capacitive cable loading makes the output amplifier unstable for the 1V setting. For this reason the
default gain setting is 10V. Please note that you MUST set the ndacs configuration parameter and the device0,
device1 parameters (usually ndacs=2, device0=”/dev/das4020-12/da0 0” and device1=”/dev/das4020-12/da0 1”).
Please note that the output voltage will be set briefly to 0V during module initialization before being adjusted to
the selected level.
7.16.1
Prerequisites
(none)
7.16.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
ndacs
Type
integer
device<i>
quoted string
gain<i>
voltage<i>
1V or 10V
Voltage (volts)
7.16.3
Value
number of DACs to control (this MUST be set first,
and is usually 2)
the device file to use to access DAC <i> for 0 <= i <
ndacs.
the initial gain setting for DAC <i>.
the initial voltage setting for DAC <i>.
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
182
das4020dac:GAIN
Syntax
das4020dac:GAIN<channel number> <gain setting>
GAIN<channel number>?
Description
Specify or query the gain setting of DAC channel <channel number>.
Parameters
<channel number>
<gain setting>
The channel number for which to set or query the gain.
The gain setting, 1V or 10V
Notes
• When the gain is changed, the output voltage on that channel will briefly drop to 0V.
• Capacitive loading such as a long cable may cause the DAC output amplifier to become unstable for
the 1V gain setting.
See also
• das4020dac:VOLTAGE (pg. 184)
183
das4020dac:VOLTAGE
Syntax
das4020dac:VOLTAGE<channel number> <voltage>
VOLTAGE<channel number>?
Description
Specify or query the output voltage of DAC channel <channel number>.
Parameters
<channel number>
<voltage>
The channel number for which to set or query the voltage.
The voltage to set (default units of Volts)
Notes
See also
• das4020dac:GAIN (pg. 183)
184
7.17
genericscpi.so
genericscpi.so provides simple support for SCPI compliant laboratory instruments over GPIB, TCP/IP, or RS-232
serial connections. Most modern laboratory instruments conform to the SCPI standard. See
http://www.scpiconsortium.org/ for more information and a copy of the specification.
There are several restrictions to this implementation foremost are the inability to save instrument settings (SET? is
not implemented) and the inability to transfer binary blocks (binary blocks may contain semicolons or newlines,
which are used as message terminators by Dataguzzler). A future version may automatically detect binary blocks
and escape them as used by wfmio.so, as well as using *LRN and SYST:SET to implement‘SET?.
Please note that queries are done synchronously in the main Dataguzzler thread. That is, if the instrument is slow
to respond, all input processing will be held up. Commands are issued asynchronously and the fact that a
command has been issued and Dataguzzler has responded does not mean the instrument has completed processing
or that no error has occurred. To be sure a command has been completed, issue *WAI followed by *OPC? and issue a
query to determine the actual state of the instrument.
It is expected that system developers may test out a new instrument using genericscpi.so. The source file
genericscpi.synm4 may be copied to a new name, and then custom processing can be inserted into the syntax and
the ScpiCommand syntax production can be removed to create a fully custom module.
7.17.1
Prerequisites
• library multiio.so
7.17.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
uri
Type
quoted string
timeout
time (seconds)
7.17.3
Value
multiio URI for the SCPI instrument. See the multiio.so library documentation (above)
communications timeout value
Commands
genericscpi.so directly transcribes incoming commands to the instrument. See the manual of your instrument for
details of the commands it accepts.
Suppose an instrument has a command FREQ:START, and you have a module SWEEPER implemented with
genericscpi.so that connects to this instrument. Then when you type SWEEPER:FREQ:START 1 MHz, genericscpi.so
185
will transmit :FREQ:START 1 MHz to the instrument and respond with SWEEPER:FREQ:START 1 MHz. For any
command given (i.e. no question mark present), the response will be exactly what was sent..
If a query is given, e.g. SWEEPER:FREQ:START? then the query will be sent to the instrument (:FREQ:START? in this
case). The response will be of the form of the query, truncated at the question mark, followed by a space and
whatever response was received from the instrument. Supposing the instrument responded with 1.e6, the response
from Dataguzzler would be SWEEPER:FREQ:START 1.e6.
7.18
acr9000.so
acr9000.so provides support for the Parker/Compumotor ACR-9000 motion controller. This module will probably
also work with other motion controllers in the Parker/Compumotor AcroLoop series.
In order to work with this module your motion controller must already have its axes configured, using one or more
“program levels” of the ACR-9000. One “program level” must be left available for the exclusive use of this module.
This defaults to “prog15”, but may be set with the “spareprog” configuration parameter.
On module initialization, acr9000.so will automatically probe the motion controller to find configured axes. It will
list the axes that it finds to stderr in the form:
ACR9000: Configured axis X on PROG0 AXIS0 PPU 1000
acr9000.so can communicate with the motion controller over TCP/IP or serial using tcp:// or serial:// URI’s. To
connect over TCP/IP to the factory default IP address, use “tcp://192.168.10.40:5002” as the URI.
7.18.1
Prerequisites
• library multiio.so
7.18.2
Configuration parameters
Parameter
uri
Type
quoted string
spareprog
unsigned integer
axisunits:<axis>
units for the axis: in, mil, ft, mm,
cm, m, deg, rad, etc.
Value
multiio URI for the ACR-9000. Should be tcp:// or
serial://
spare program level for controlling the ACR-9000 (default 15)
186
7.18.3
Commands
(commands begin on next page)
187
acr9000:AXIS
Syntax
acr9000:<AXIS> <position> <units>
<AXIS>?
Description
Specify or query the position of a motion controller axis.
Parameters
<AXIS>
<position>
<units>
The axis to control or query.
Desired or actual position of the axis
Units of <position>
Notes
• If units are not specified, the default units for this axis are assumed
• The query form always returns a number in the default units for this axis.
• The axis cannot move unless it is turned on with acr9000:<AXIS>:STATUS.
• Multiple axes may move simultaneously. Multiple moves on a single axis will queue up and execute in
sequence. Avoid queueing large numbers of moves.
See also
• acr9000:AXIS:REL (pg. 192)
• acr9000:AXIS:STATUS (pg. 193)
188
acr9000:AXIS:CANCEL
Syntax
acr9000:<AXIS>:CANCEL
ALL:CANCEL
Description
Stop and cancel motion on the specified axis
Parameters
<AXIS>
The axis to stop, or ALL
Notes
• This permanently cancels any current or pending motion on the specified axis.
See also
• acr9000:AXIS (pg. 188)
• acr9000:AXIS:MOVING (pg. 190)
• acr9000:WAIT (pg. 194)
189
acr9000:AXIS:MOVING
Syntax
acr9000:<AXIS>:MOVING?
Description
Specify or query the position of a motion controller axis.
Parameters
<AXIS>
The axis to query.
Notes
• The response will be of the form <AXIS>:MOVING YES or <AXIS>:MOVING NO.
See also
• acr9000:AXIS (pg. 188)
• acr9000:AXIS:STATUS (pg. 193)
• acr9000:WAIT (pg. 194)
190
acr9000:AXIS:NOM
Syntax
acr9000:<AXIS>:NOM?
Description
Query the current nominal position
Parameters
<AXIS>
The axis for which to get the position.
Notes
• The nominal position is the intended position according to the trajectory currently being executed. In
contrast acr9000:<AXIS>? returns the actual position of the axis, which may be slightly away from
the nominal position.
See also
• acr9000:AXIS (pg. 188)
• acr9000:AXIS:MOVING (pg. 190)
191
acr9000:AXIS:REL
Syntax
acr9000:<AXIS>:REL <position> <units>
Description
Initiate a relative position move..
Parameters
<AXIS>
<position>
<units>
The axis to control or query.
Desired relative position of the axis
Units of <position>
Notes
• If units are not specified, the default units for this axis are assumed
• The axis cannot move unless it is turned on with acr9000:<AXIS>:STATUS.
• The position is relative to the current axis position at the instant this command is processed.
See also
• acr9000:AXIS (pg. 188)
• acr9000:AXIS:MOVING (pg. 190)
192
acr9000:AXIS:STATUS
Syntax
acr9000:<AXIS>:STATUS <axis status>
<AXIS>:STATUS?
Description
Specify or query the status of a motion controller axis.
Parameters
<AXIS>
<axis status>
The axis to control of query.
The axis status, ON or OFF
Notes
• <AXIS> may be ALL to control all axes simultaneously.
See also
• acr9000:AXIS (pg. 188)
193
acr9000:WAIT
Syntax
acr9000:<AXIS>:WAIT
ALL:WAIT
WAIT <axis list>
Description
Wait for one or more axes to stop.
Parameters
<AXIS>
<axis list>
The axis to wait for.
A list of axes to wait for, separated with spaces.
Notes
• This waits for all the specified axes to stop (reach their target positions.
• If a WAIT command gets stuck, you can release the wait with the acr9000:<AXIS>:CANCEL
command on all the axes being waited for.
• If multiple moves are queued up, the WAIT may return at the end of any of the moves. When
programming, always maintain a 1:1 mapping between moves and waits.
See also
• acr9000:AXIS (pg. 188)
• acr9000:AXIS:MOVING (pg. 190)
194
7.19
subproc.so
subproc.so enables nested sub-processes. By using a subprocess, you can reduce the chance that a slow module will
clog the main event loop. The disadvantage of subprocesses is that since they have their own copies of libraries,
waveforms cannot be readily shared between the subprocess and the main dataguzzler process.
7.19.1
Prerequisites
• library multiio.so
7.19.2
Configuration parameters
The configuration section is transmitted verbatim to the subprocess. In addition, an extra parameter (quoted
string) can be added (separated by a comma) within the parentheses of the module specification. This extra
parameter is an alternative command to run to start the subprocess. It can be used to, for example, start the
subprocess remotely through a script that exec’s a remote dataguzzler over ssh.
7.19.3
Commands
Commands are passed directly through to the remote dataguzzler. To avoid excess levels of indirection in the
command names, you may want to use an empty module name for the module within the subprocess dataguzzler.
This way, you can refer to the module within the subprocess just by using the subprocess module name.
195
Appendix A
Dataguzzler native binary file format
The dataguzzler native file format is that written by the dg grab download program and that read by the
dg upload program. The dataguzzler native file format consists of a header followed by a series of chunks. The
header is the 8 bytes DATAGUZZ (big endian architectures) or ZZUGATAD (little endian architectures). (recall
that all Intel-architecture PC’s are little endian). The next 16 bytes is the 8 byte header of the first chunk followed
by the 8 byte integer length of the first chunk (not including the length of its header). The first chunk data follows
its header. The header for the second chunk follows, etc. Note that all chunks are implicitly padded to be multiples
of 64 bits (8 bytes) in size. That is, the written size is the actual size, but zeros are added after the chunk to make
an even multiple of 8 bytes before the next chunk is written. Note that on little endian architectures the chunk
headers specified below are reversed.
196
Chunk header
contents
DATAGUZZ
GUZZNWFM
wrapper around entire file.
Data describing a named waveform. Should contain a
WAVENAME chunk followed by a GUZZWFMD chunk
String containing the name of the waveform.
Data describing a single waveform. Should contain a
METADATA chunk followed by a WFMDIMNS chunk followed by a DATARRYF or DATARRYD chunk
a series of METDATUM subchunks.
a METDNAME subchunk containing the metadatum
name followed by a METDINTV, METDSTRV, or METDDBLV subchunk
Integer metadatum value, 64 bit signed integer (int64 t)
String metadatum value. The size of the chunk is the
length of the string
Double precision metadatum value, type double
Waveform dimensions. Starts with two 64 bit integers
(uint64 t): The product of the dimensions and the number of the dimensions (ndim). This is followed by ndim
uint64 t’s containing the lengths of the individual dimensions
single-precision array data. The first index changes most
rapidly
double-precision array data. The first index changes most
rapidly
Snapshot of an experiment (results for a specific set of
parameters). This consists of a METADATA chunk with
the parameters of the experiment, followed by a series of
GUZZNWFM chunks with the data from the snapshot
series of SNAPSHOT chunks
SNAPSHOT chunk containing configuration parameters
and results from vibration measurement: Two SNAPSHOT chunks followed by a VIBFCETS chunk. See
boundary collect procedure.pdf for more information.
One or more VIBFACET chunks
Parameters/results of a facet: SNAPSHOT, followed
by a series of GUZZNWFM chunks.
See boundary collect procedure.pdf for more information.
WAVENAME
GUZZWFMD
METADATA
METDATUM
METDINTV
METDSTRV
METDDBLV
WFMDIMNS
DATARRYF
DATARRYD
SNAPSHOT
SNAPSHTS
VIBRDATA
VIBFCETS
VIBFACET
197
A.1
Standardized file name extensions
Extension
dgz
dga
MIME type
contents
application/x-dataguzzlerwaveform
application/x-dataguzzler-array
Single unnamed waveform (GUZZWFMD)
dgs
application/x-dataguzzlersnapshot
dgd
set
application/x-dataguzzler-data
application/x-dataguzzler-settings
vibr
application/x-dataguzzlervibration
A.2
Array of unnamed waveforms (series of GUZZWFMD
chunks)
Snapshot of named waveforms (SNAPSHOT chunk, typically with the METADATA section empty) (older version
was a series GUZZNWFM chunks)
Data from a series of experiments (SNAPSHTS chunk)
This is not a chunked format. It is a raw dump of the
output of WFM:WFMS? followed by the output of SET?
Data from a series of vibration measurements (VIBRDATA
chunk)
File access API
Dataguzzler file I/O has been implemented in libraries written in C, MATLAB/Octave, and Python+Numpy. The
bulk of this API documentation describes the C library. The API is similar in the other languages.
A.2.1
Reading a Dataguzzler file
Open a Dataguzzler file for reading with the dgf open() function:
struct dgf_file *infile;
infile=dgf_open(char *filename);
dgf open() returns an opaque file handle or NULL if the file could not be opened. After opening the file, the first
step is reading the first chunk header. This is done with dgf checknextchunk() or dgf nextchunk() depending on
whether or not you know for certain the type of the first chunk.
struct dgf_Chunk *Chunk;
Chunk=dgf_nextchunk(struct dgf_file *infile);
Chunk=dgf_checknextchunk(struct dgf_file *infile, char *chunkname);
198
dgf nextchunk() opens the next available chunk, or returns NULL if there are no chunks left.
dgf checknextchunk() opens the next available chunk if chunkname matches its eight character name. Otherwise
it skips the chunk and returns NULL. If there are no chunks left it also returns NULL.
The dgf Chunk structure contains several useful members: Name, ChunkLen, and ChunkPos
struct dgf_Chunk { /* on ChunkStack */
struct dgl_Node Node;
char Name[9]; /* 8 characters + 0 terminator so we can use strcmp() et al. */
int64_t ChunkStart;
int64_t ChunkLen; /* used only in read routines */
int64_t ChunkPos; /* relative to ChunkStart */
};
• Name is a null-terminated copy of the 8-character chunk name string.
• ChunkLen is the length of the chunk contents, not including any headers and/or padding.
• ChunkPos is the number of bytes that have been read from the chunk.
The chunk can contain either binary data or nested chunks. dgf readdata() can be used to read binary data or
dgf nextchunk() can be used to open nested chunks. When done reading the contents of the chunk, you must call
dgf chunkdone() to close the chunk. Once the last chunk is closed, call dgf close() to close the file.
void dgf_readdata(struct dgf_file *infile,void *Buf,int64_t nbytes);
void dgf_chunkdone(struct dgf_file *infile,struct dgf_Chunk *Chunk); /* 2nd parameter may be NULL */
void dgf_close(struct dgf_file *infile);
dgf readdata() reads the specified number of bytes from the current chunk into the specified buffer.
dgf chunkdone() closes the most recent open chunk so that following calls to dgf <check>nextchunk() open the
following chunk, not nested chunks. dgf close() closes the file after the last chunk is done.
Special-purpose processing routines are included for a few chunk types. These routines should be called
immediately after dgf <check>nextchunk() and include calls to dgf chunkdone() to close the chunk.
struct dg_wfminfo *dgf_procGUZZWFMD(struct dgf_file *file,char *WfmName);
struct dg_wfminfo *dgf_procGUZZNWFM(struct dgf_file *file);
void dgf_procMETADATA(struct dgf_file *file,struct dgl_List *MetaData);
dgf procGUZZWFMD() processes an unnamed waveform GUZZWFMD chunk. A name (WfmName) or NULL may be
provided as a parameter. The routine returns a struct dg wfminfo * containing the waveform data. Similarly,
dgf procGUZZNWFM() processes a named waveform GUZZNWFM chunk, also returning a struct dg wfminfo *.
dgf procMETADATA() reads a METADATA chunk, adding the metadata elements to the pre-existing and pre-initialized
MetaData list.
199
A.2.2
Writing a Dataguzzler file
Open a Dataguzzler file for writing with the dgf creat() function:
struct dgf_file *outfile;
outfile=dgf_creat(char *Name);
dgf creat() returns an opaque file handle or NULL if the file could not be opened. After opening the file, chunks
and nested chunks may be written. Create a chunk with dgf startchunk()
void dgf_startchunk(struct dgf_file *outfile,char *chunkname);
The chunkname parameter gives the eight-character null-terminated chunk ID. The chunk can contain nested
chunks (create with dgf startchunk()) or binary data (write with dgf writedata()). When done writing the
chunk, end it with dgf endchunk().
void dgf_writedata(struct dgf_file *outfile,void *buf,int64_t nbytes);
void dgf_endchunk(struct dgf_file *outfile);
When done with the last chunk, close the file with dgf close().
void dgf_close(struct dgf_file *infile);
Special-purpose writing routines are included for a few chunk types. These routines start the chunk, write the
contents, and end the chunk.
void dgf_writenamedwfm(struct dgf_file *file,struct dg_wfminfo *wfm);
void dgf_writewfm(struct dgf_file *file,struct dg_wfminfo *wfm);
void dgf_writemetadata(struct dgf_file *file,struct dgl_List *MetaData);
These routines write GUZZNWFM, GUZZWFMD, and METADATA chunks respectively with the provided
waveform/metadata.
A.2.3
MATLAB/Octave file access library
The MATLAB API is essentially similar to the C API. You will need to place the .m files somewhere in MATLAB’s
path. This can be done with the MATLAB path() function or with the MATLABPATH environment variable. The
200
primary difference between the MATLAB and C APIs is that since MATLAB parameters are passed exclusively by
value rather than by reference, the filehandle structure is processed by each routine and a new filehandle is
returned by each routine as an extra result of the function. See dgf testread.m for an example.
A.2.4
Python file access library
The Python API is essentially similar to the C API. The Numpy (numerical python) library is required.
You will need to import dg file. Then you can access the routines such as infile=dg file.dgf open(filename).
A.2.5
201
Appendix B
IR Camera Calibration
B.1
Blackbody calibration
The blackbody calibration maps the value from the IR camera A/D converter to blackbody temperature Tb . The
blackbody calibration is performed by pointing the camera at a (presumed perfect) blackbody with a
thermistor/thermocouple attached to measure the temperature. The blackbody is then slowly heated and IR
images are recorded as a function of temperature. The response of the camera is modeled by a polynomial that
approximates temperature as a function A/D converter value. The order of this polynomial must be selected in
advance and the coefficients (one set of coefficients per pixel) are calculated with a least-squares fit to the measured
A/D converter value vs. temperature curve.
One the calibration is loaded, the camera gives images of blackbody temperature Tb instead of images of A/D
converter value.
B.2
Graybody correction
The total radiant emittance of a graybody is given by the Stefan-Boltzmann law:
Φ = σT 4
(B.1)
where Φ is the energy flux in J/(m2 s), is the graybody coefficient, σ is the Stefan-Boltzmann constant,
5.670 × 10−8 J/(◦ K4 m2 s), and T is the temperature ◦ K.
The camera is calibrated against a blackbody. The calibration maps the value from the camera A/D converter to
blackbody temperature Tb . Therefore the energy flux Φ that corresponds to a camera reading of Tb is σTb4 .
202
Suppose the camera is pointed instead at a graybody, with coefficient . The measured flux Φ comes from two
places (ignoring the effect of the atmosphere):
1. Emittance of the graybody
2. Infrared light reflected by the graybody
Φ = σT 4 + (1 − )σTa4
(B.2)
where T is the actual temperature of the graybody and Ta is the ambient temperature of the surroundings (as
reflected by the graybody). The camera, calibrated against a blackbody, gives Tb and we can calculate Φ from Tb :
Φ = σTb4 . Therefore, solving for T , our estimate of the graybody temperature T is:
r
1− 4
4 1
(B.3)
Tb4 −
Ta
T =
Therefore to perform the graybody correction, two values are needed: The graybody coefficient , and the ambient
temperature Ta .
Because of the variation in the emissivity and temperature of the surroundings and the potential for specular
reflections, the absolute temperature calculated from Eq. B.3 will not be very accurate unless the graybody
coefficient is close to 1.0. Nevertheless, as long as is known accurately, Eq. B.3 should give temperature changes
quite accurately. Assuming there are no movements that change what is reflected by the object under test, the
second term under the fourth root in Eq. B.3 will be constant. Therefore small changes in T map directly to
changes in Tb , independent of Ta :
1
1
dT
1 Tb3
= q
Tb3 =
(B.4)
3 1
dTb
T3
4 − 1− T 4
4
T
a
b
In order to perform this correction, we need estimates of both the graybody coefficient and the ambient
temperature Ta , each of which may be functions of position in the image. To estimate we attach a thermistor (or
thermocouple) and a power resistor to the specimen (all sides of the power resistor not in contact with the
specimen should be insulated). The specimen is assumed to be a good thermal conductor and therefore of uniform
temperature. We record the camera image and temperature. Then we apply current to the power resistor and allow
the part to heat up a few degrees. Then we record the new camera image and temperature (from the
thermistor/thermocouple). From the two images at the two temperatures, we can solve Eq. B.3 for and Ta (which
should be close to the ambient air temperature):
=
and
4
4
Tb1
− Tb2
4
T1 − T24
s
Ta =
4
4 − T 4
Tb1
1
1−
(B.5)
(B.6)
This correction can be done independently for each pixel because the emissivity can vary spatially and the effective
ambient temperature is a function of whatever is reflected into each pixel.
203
B.3
Bad Pixel Correction
Bad pixels are identified as those with very low or very high A/D values, or those with particularly large standard
deviations. The bad pixels are replaced (after calibration and correction) with an average of their 4 nearest
neighbors. To accomodate clusters of bad pixels, this replacement is applied iteratively (with bad pixel
replacements used in the new calculations as soon as they have been set – even in the same iteration) until no pixel
changes by more than .003% (approx. .01 deg. K at room temperature).
B.4
IR Camera Calibration and Bad Pixel Correction in Dataguzzler
A utility program dg calibrate camera is used to record calibration images and temperatures. Calibration images
are stored in a .dga (Dataguzzler array) file as a series of unnamed frames (GUZZWFMD chunks) with the
temperature specified as the third coordinate (after the X and Y pixel coordinates). An Octave script,
proccalib.m, calculates the best-fit coefficients and transforms the .dga file into a .dgs file that can be loaded
into dataguzzler with dg load snapshot and used as the second parameter of the IRCALIB math function. This
same script identifies bad pixels and the IRCALIB math function also corrects those bad pixels. A second utility
program dg correct graybody can be run while the power resistor mentioned in section B.2 is heating the
specimen and this program will upload its measured Ta and images into Dataguzzler. It is suggested that
laboratory personnel leave the laboratory while dg correct graybody is running so that reflections of moving
people do not contaminate the graybody calculations.
204
Appendix C
License
The Dataguzzler main program and modules are licensed in parallel
under the GNU General Public License version 2 (or any later version)
and the GNU General Public License version 2 (or any later version)
with the following exception: Third party data acquisition libraries
or hardware drivers may be treated as if they were a major component
of the operating system; therefore the special exception in GPLV2,
section 3 applies to them. Please note that this exception applies
only to dataguzzler code and libraries, and not any 3rd party code
that might be used or linked-to by dataguzzler.
The Dataguzzler libraries are licensed in parallel under the GNU
Lesser General Public License version 2.1 (or any later version) and
the GNU Lesser General Public License version 2.1 (or any later
version) with the following exception: Third party data acquisition
libraries or hardware drivers may be treated as if they were a major
component of the operating system; therefore the special exception in
GPLV2, section 3 applies to them. Please note that this exception
applies only to dataguzzler code and libraries, and not any 3rd party
code that might be used or linked-to by dataguzzler.
---------------------------------------GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
205
675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your
freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public
License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free
software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This
General Public License applies to most of the Free Software
Foundation’s software and to any other program whose authors commit to
using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by
the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to
your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you
have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for
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in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid
anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights.
These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you
distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether
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you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the
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We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and
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distribute and/or modify the software.
Also, for each author’s protection and ours, we want to make certain
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Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software
206
patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free
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patent must be licensed for everyone’s free use or not licensed at all.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
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GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains
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Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not
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207
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208
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210
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NO WARRANTY
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END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
211
Appendix: How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the
to attach them to the start of each source file
convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the
program. It is safest
to most effectively
should have at least
full notice is found.
<one line to give the program’s name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) 19yy <name of author>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this
when it starts in an interactive mode:
Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) 19yy name of author
Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type ‘show w’.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type ‘show c’ for details.
The hypothetical commands ‘show w’ and ‘show c’ should show the appropriate
parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may
be called something other than ‘show w’ and ‘show c’; they could even be
mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your
school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if
212
necessary.
Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
‘Gnomovision’ (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.
<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
Ty Coon, President of Vice
This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into
proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may
consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the
library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General
Public License instead of this License.
----------------------------------------
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Copyright (C) 1991, 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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How to Apply These Terms to Your New Libraries
If you develop a new library, and you want it to be of the greatest
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This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the
library ‘Frob’ (a library for tweaking knobs) written by James Random Hacker.
<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1990
Ty Coon, President of Vice
That’s all there is to it!
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