L010183 - PCL601USB User`s Guide.p65

PCL601USB
Programmable Step Motor Controller
User’s Guide
ANAHEIM AUTOMATION, INC.
910 East Orangefair Lane, Anaheim, CA 92801
e-mail: info@anaheimautomation.com
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(714) 992-6990 fax: (714) 992-0471
website: www.anaheimautomation.com
September 2005
Table of Contents
Section 1: Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 3
Description ............................................................................................................................................... 3
Methods of Communication ..................................................................................................................... 4
Baud Rate ................................................................................................................................................ 4
Axis Selection ........................................................................................................................................... 4
Status LEDs ............................................................................................................................................. 4
Interfacing With a Step Motor Driver ........................................................................................................ 4
Electrical Specifications ........................................................................................................................... 5
Ordering Information ................................................................................................................................ 5
Dimensions/Switch Locations .................................................................................................................. 6
Wiring Diagrams....................................................................................................................................... 6
Terminal Descriptions .............................................................................................................................. 7
Connector Descriptions ............................................................................................................................ 7
Slide Switch Descriptions ......................................................................................................................... 7
Section 2: Functions................................................................................................................................. 8
Section 3: SMC60WIN Software ............................................................................................................ 12
File Menu ............................................................................................................................................... 13
Setup Menu ............................................................................................................................................ 13
Setup - Axis Menu .................................................................................................................................. 13
Program Menu ....................................................................................................................................... 14
Program - Autostart Program Menu ....................................................................................................... 14
Edit Menu ............................................................................................................................................... 14
Help Menu .............................................................................................................................................. 15
“The Unit is Connected” / “The Unit is NOT Connected” ....................................................................... 15
Toolbar ................................................................................................................................................... 16
Tab Sheets ............................................................................................................................................. 16
Tab Sheets - Real Time Motion ............................................................................................................. 17
Tab Sheets - Encoder Options and Registration Inputs......................................................................... 18
Tab Sheets - Analog Input and Thumbwheel Options ........................................................................... 19
Tab Sheets - Create and Edit Program .................................................................................................. 20
Add/Change/Insert Commands .............................................................................................................. 21
Add Tab Sheets - Motion Commands .................................................................................................... 22
Add Tab Sheets - If/Then and Output Commands ................................................................................ 23
Add Tab Sheets - Goto, For Loops, Encoder and Thumbwheel Commands ........................................ 24
Add Tab Sheets - Analog, Registration and Text Commands ............................................................... 25
Calculator ............................................................................................................................................... 26
Section 4: Direct Talk Mode ................................................................................................................... 27
Section 5: Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................... 37
Error Codes ............................................................................................................................................ 38
Section 6: Tutorial .................................................................................................................................. 39
Sample Program 1: ................................................................................................................................ 39
Sample Program 2: ................................................................................................................................ 40
Sample Program 3: ................................................................................................................................ 41
Sample Program 4: ................................................................................................................................ 42
Sample Program 5: ................................................................................................................................ 43
Appendix 1: ASCII Table for Direct Mode .............................................................................................. 44
Appendix 2: Firmware Revisions............................................................................................................ 44
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Section 1: Introduction
The PCL601USB is a single-axis step motor controller containing 2 Kbytes of nonvolatile stored programming space and quadrature encoder feedback. The user can write the program and then have the
PCL601USB autostart the program on power up. It provides flexible, independent control of stepper motors from computers, or any machine controller with a USB port. It is also capable of standalone operation,
making it an embedded machine controller. The easy to use Windows software, SMC60WIN, can be used
to directly control motion and to program the PCL601USB. The PCL601USB also has the ability for real
time functions. “Direct Mode” is used to directly control motion for Real Time Movements through serial
communication.
The PCL601USB has 40 commands, which are easy-to-remember for direct movement of a stepper
motor. The PCL601USB communicates via an USB data bus. A windows driver is provided to communicate with the PCL601USB through a virtual comport from the PC. This driver will turn any USB port into a
virtual comport, thus enabling simple serial programs to send information to the PCL601USB. To use the
SMC60Win software, the virtual comport driver must be installed. Special functions of the PCL601USB
include 8 programmable open collector outputs and 6 TTL, CMOS and 24V compatible inputs, a quadrature encoder input with the ability to autocorrect, an analog input to control either maximum speed or
absolute position, registration mark indexing during a slew command, an output that will trigger during an
index command at an absolute position, and a thumbwheel input for indexing a motor. The PCL601USB
can be powered with a DC voltage of either 5VDC or 8 -24VDC and uses only 2 watts at 24VDC and only
a 1/2 watt at 5VDC (with no connections to terminal blocks).
Description
The PCL601USB step motor controller provides independent programming of acceleration/deceleration,
base speed (start up speed), max speed (running speed), jog speed, and the number of steps to be taken
in both relative and absolute positioning modes. On absolute positioning moves, the PCL601USB
automatically determines the proper direction to go and the number of steps to take. The relative positioning
will move a number of steps in the direction that the user defines. The PCL601USB also has specific
functions such as index-on-the-fly, which during a slew move will move a predefined number of steps after
an input has been triggered. Output-on-the-fly, which will trigger an output on for 50uS during an indexing
move at an absolute position and repeat triggering the output on after a given number of steps. An analog
input can be used to set either the maximum speed or goto an absolute position based between the upper
and lower programmable limits. A seven decade thumbwheel switch can be read for relative indexing. The
PCL601USB also has a high level programming command set that includes: branching, looping, conditional
statements, time delays, text strings, and I/O which the user can use in the programming mode to fully
control all machine functionality.
A home input, a set of bidirectional hard and soft limit switch inputs and bidirectional jog inputs are provided
for each axis. These features are generally required in most machine control designs. 6 testable TTL,
CMOS and 24V compatible inputs and 8 programmable open-collector outputs are provided per axis. The
I/O may be used for monitoring and controlling machine operation and/or interaxis coordination. The I/O
are accessible independent of the busy state of the axis controls.
The PCL601USB has a built-in programmable reset circuit. Reset is automatic on power-up, or by pressing
the external reset button. A CD, provided when you purchase the unit, contains this user’s manual, along
with the SMC60WIN software, windows virtual comport driver and PCL601USB program examples. The
software allows you to write and change programs that are to be stored in the PCL601USB for autostart
use, and also upload the program that is stored in the PCL601USB itself for editing and viewing. The
software also allows you to save the programs onto your computer hard drive, and easily retrieve them
when needed.
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Methods of Communication
There are two methods for sending commands to the PCL601USB. One is to directly talk to the PCL601USB
by using Direct Talk Mode. This is usually used with a computer, where the computer gives the PCL601USB
serial commands to off-load its processor. A windows driver is provided to communicate with the
PCL601USB through a virtual comport from the PC. The driver can be found on the provided CD in the
drivers folder.
The second way to give commands to the PCL601USB is to use the software program SMC60WIN to
either manually control, or to write and send programs. This method is used when the PCL601USB is the
main controller. For example: A PCL601USB can replace simple motion control and replace I/O functions
when minimal quantities of I/O are required to control specific machinery. Simple motion profiles that can
operate with 6 or less inputs and 8 or less outputs can utilize a PCL601USB controller.
Baud Rate
A term used frequently in serial data communications, a “baud” is defined as the reciprocal of the shortest
pulse duration in a data word signal, including start, stop, and parity bits. This is often taken to mean the
same as “bits per second”, a term that expresses only the number of “data” bits per second. Very often,
the parity bit is included as an information or data bit. The Virtual comport that communitcates with the
PCL601USB through the computers USB port accepts a baud rate of 38400 only .
Axis Selection
Each PCL601USB is addressed using a programmable register allowing the PC to address up to 99
PCL601USB’s. The Default axis is “0”. To change the axis, use the SMC60WIN software or the “~” command. To verify or check the axis, use the SMC60WIN software or the “%” command. The axis designation is nonvolatile and will remain the same until changed by the user.
Status LEDs
When powered and operated properly, the status LED will be green. When an error occurs, the LED will
change to RED, and an error code will be generated in the error code register. To read and clear the error
with the software, click on the “Verify Parameters” button located in the “Motion Tab”. To read and clear
the error while in “Direct Mode”, use the error code “!” command. Once the error has been read and
cleared, the LED will return to green and the error code register will be cleared to 0. Refer to the table on
page 39 for a complete list of the error codes. The RX LED will blink when data is being recieved from the
PC.The TX LED will blink when data is being transmitted back to the PC.
Interfacing With a Step Motor Driver
The PCL601USB controller was designed to control a step motor driver. For drivers with “Opto-isolated”
inputs, the PCL601USB needs to sink current through the driver’s input LEDs. To do this, connect the
+5VDC to the positive terminals of the inputs and connect the clock, direction and on/off outputs of the
PCL601USB to the negative terminals of the corresponding inputs on the driver. For a driver with “TTL/
CMOS” inputs, the PCL601USB has a negative going clock that will sink the current from the driver’s
inputs. Wire the clock, direction and on/off outputs and 0VDC reference of the PCL601USB to the corresponding inputs of the driver respectively. For a PCL601USB controller purchased with an integrated
driver and power supply (Driver Pack), these connections are already internally made.
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Electrical Specifications
Power Requirements With No Connections:
5VDC @ 100mA or
8VDC to 24VDC @ 90mA
Outputs (CLK,DIR,ON/OFF):
Open Drain Type
40VDC, 75mA
Operating Temperature:
0 to 60 degrees C
Baud Rate:
38400 Baud, Fixed
Pulse Output Range:
1 to 50,000 Hz
10uS negative going pulse width
Data Format:
Half-Duplex, 1 start bit, 8 data bits,
no parity, 1 stop bit
Inputs (TTL-CMOS):
Logic “0”: 0 to 0.8VDC
Logic “1”: 3.5 to 24VDC
Analog input 1: 0 to 5VDC
Outputs (8 programmable):
Open Drain Type
40V, 100mA
Output1 active low time for output on the fly:
50uS
Note: For inductive loads, customers must connect a
clamping diode to protect from flyback voltage spikes.
Encoder and Driver Output:
+5VDC Output, 50mA
Ordering Information
The table below lists a variety of products available from Anaheim Automation, Inc. These products include
those covered by this manual, along with supporting cables and devices. We are continually adding new
products to our line, so please consult Anaheim Automation, Inc. or its representatives for information on
the latest releases.
Part Number
Description
PCL601USB
Featured step motor controller with encoder feedback.
DPY50611
P C L601
Step motor controller with RS232./RS485 communications.
D P D 75601
Controller/Drive Pack - Features a 7 amp unipolar drive, PCL601 and power supply with
60VDC motor bus voltage.
DPN10601
Controller/Drive Pack - Features a 10 amp bipolar drive, PCL601 and power supply with
80VDC motor bus voltage.
DPMLP601
Controller/Drive Pack - Features a 8 amp bipoar drive and PCL601 with 160VDC motor
bus voltage.
TWS7
485SD9TB
AAUSB-AB-6
AA9MFC-6
PSAM24V2.7A
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Controller/Drive Pack - Features a 5 amp bipoar drive, PCL601USB and power supply
with 48VDC motor bus voltage.
Seven position thumbwheel switch compatible with any SMC60 series controller.
RS232 to RS485 converter .
6 foot USBcable with one USB-A male connector and one USB-B male connector.
6 foot RS232 serial communication cable with one male DB9 connector and one female
DB9 connector.
Power supply for PCL601USB. (24V@2.7A)
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Dimensions/Switch Locations
Wiring Diagrams
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Terminal Descriptions
Position
Position
Description - Power
Description - Inputs
1
8-24VDC Power Input
1
Input 1 - Analog input
2
Ground Power Return
2
Input 2 - Index on the fly input
3
Input 3
4
Input 4
5
Input 5 - SW2 in position IN5/6
6
Input 6 - SW2 in position IN5/6
7
Ground
Position
Description - Encoder
1
+5VDC supply for encoder
2
A channel for encoder
3
B channel for encoder
4
Ground return for encoder
Position
Description - Outputs
Description - Limit Switch Inputs
1
Output 1 - Output on the fly output
1
Home Limit
2
Output 2
2
Jo g +
3
Output 3
3
Jo g -
4
Output 4
4
F a st Jo g
5
Output 5
5
Hard Limit +
6
Output 6
6
Hard Limit -
7
Output 7
7
Soft Limit +
8
Output 8 - Encoder retries error output
8
Soft Limit -
9
Ground
Position
Position
Description - Driver Outputs
1
+5VDC Supply for opto-isolated driver
inputs
2
Clock output
3
Direction output
4
Motor current on/off output
5
Ground reference for non opto-isolated
driver inputs
Connector Descriptions
Switch Number
Description
P1
This connector is for the USB communication and is labeled USB.
J1
This connector is for the thumbwheel module and is labeled TWS.
Slide Switch Descriptions
Switch Number
SW2
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Description
This switch is used to select either the thumbwheel or inputs 5 and 6.
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Section 2: Functions
Move Number of Steps: This command causes the motion to start in the direction last specified. This
command will move the motor the number of steps given. (Range: 1 to 8388607)
Move to Position: The move to position command specifies the next absolute position to go to. The
PCL601USB controller automatically sets the direction and number of steps needed to go to that
position. (Range: -8388607 to +8388607)
Slew: The slew command will accelerate the motor up to maximum speed and continue to run at that
speed until reaching a registration mark, hard limit switch, soft limit switch, receiving a “.” (stop hard) or
“,” (stop soft) command.
Set Position: The set position command sets the position register to a designated value. The number
will be the new absolute position of the motor. The default value is 0. (Range: -8388607 to +8388607)
Limit Switch Inputs: The limit switch inputs are internally pulled up by a resistor making them normally
+5 volts. To activate the input, the pin must be grounded to (0VDC). All limit switch inputs are internally
clamped to +5V, thus allowing voltages of upto +24VDC to be used.
Hard Limit Inputs: When a hard limit switch is encountered, the motion will stop immediately. The
position counter will also cease counting. Hard limits are intended as an emergency stop for your
system. It should not be used to do any positioning type functions. These limits are directional.
Soft Limit Inputs: These switches should be used exclusively for homing. Once positioned properly
with the appropriate parameters, it causes the motor to ramp down to the base speed before encountering the home limit switch. However, the soft limit switch will work for any type of motion command.
These limits are directional.
NOTE: Whenever a soft limit switch is activated, the motor will decelerate and run at base speed during
an indexing move, or stop during a slewing move. Be sure to come back past the soft limit switch to set
any origins, otherwise the motor will decelerate as it goes past the soft limit switch during normal
operation.
Home Limit Input: This switch is used to establish a position designated “home” or datum position
using the following: home to soft and home limit, or home to home limit. This limit is not directional.
Home to Soft, Home Limit (2 Switch Operation): This type of homing routine requires two grounding
type limit switches called home and soft. The first limit switch seen is the soft limit. This will decelerate
the motor down to base speed. The motor will then continue to run at base speed until it contacts the
home limit switch input causing the motor to stop. The home limit switch activates as a hard limit if a
soft limit is not sensed. The soft limit is directional, meaning that it will work in only one direction as
specified. The soft limit switch will work for any type of motion command. The home limit switch will
work only for the two home motion commands.
NOTE: There should be sufficient distance between the two limit switches, as to let the motor reach
base speed.
Home to Home Limit (1 Switch Operation): This type of homing differs in that only one limit switch is
needed. In this homing routine the motor moves toward the home limit switch. When the home limit
switch is contacted the motor will ramp down to base speed, reverse direction and continue at base
speed until the limit switch is released. This is a good way to compensate for any backlash in a system. It is also useful for minimizing the number of limit switches needed for homing.
NOTE: The home switch needs to be low during the entire deceleration and reversing time.
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Jog Inputs: The jog switch inputs are internally pulled up by a resistor making them normally +5 volts.
To activate the input, the pin must be grounded to (0VDC). All jog switch inputs are internally clamped
to +5V, thus allowing voltages of upto +24VDC to be used. Jog is a manual function. The user can
select the direction and speed (fast or slow) by grounding the appropriate combinations of inputs. To
jog a motor, it is necessary to ground the jog input for the direction desired. For fast jog, both the fast
input and jog input for the appropriate direction must be low at the same time. By grounding one of the
jog inputs, the user causes the motor to run at base speed. When the fast input is grounded, the motor
will then accelerate to the programmed jog speed. The position register will keep track of the number of
steps that are taken during jogging. Once a +jog or a -jog function has been performed, the direction
register will retain the last direction of movement; that is, a subsequent go command will be in the same
direction as the last jog command.
Inputs: All inputs (except input 1) are internally pulled up by a resistor making them normally +5 volts.
To activate the input, the pin must be grounded to (0VDC). All inputs are internally clamped to +5V,
thus allowing voltages of upto +24VDC to be used. Six inputs are provided per axis. The inputs are
TTL, CMOS and 24V compatible. The inputs may be used to initiate a machine cycle, for inter-axis
coordination (in stored program mode), for operator intervention, for sensing a machine condition such
as out of stock or wait for temperature to be reached, etc. A grounded input will read a “0” and an open
or high input will read as a “1”. Input 1 is a special input that is capable of reading an analog voltage
between 0 and +5VDC. Since this input does not have a pull-up resistor, biasing of this input is needed
if it is not used as an analog input. Inputs 5 and 6 are used together with the thumbwheel switch. To
use inputs 5 and 6, SW2 must be in the IN5/6 position. If SW2 is in the TWS position, then these two
inputs are not connected to the processor.
Analog Input: Input 1 can be configured to read an analog voltage to either set the absolute position of
the motor or to set the maximum speed of the motor.
To set the position, when told via the goto analog position command, the input will read a voltage
between 0 and +5VDC and based on the” upper and lower” limits of the function, a move will occur to a
calculated position between the two limits. The motor must finish the move before it can be told to read
the input again for the next position. For example, if the lower limit is set to 0 and the upper limit is set
to 5000 and the analog position is set at +2.0VDC, then the motor will move to position 2000. Changing
the lower limit to 1000 and the voltage to +3.2VDC, the motor will move to position 3560. See examples
below for calculations of the analog inputs. (Range of limits: 0 to 65535 and the lower limit < upper limit)
To set the max speed, when told via the set analog speed command the input will read a voltage
between 0 and +5VDC, and based on the “upper and lower” limits of the function, a max speed can be
obtained based on a calculated frequency between the two points. The speed however can not be
changed when the DPY50601 is busy (moving). See examples below for calculations of the analog
inputs. (Range of limits: 0 to 50000 and the lower limit < upper limit)
Analog calculations.
Example1:
Example2:
(Upper-Lower) * (Voltage/5) = X
(5000 - 0) * (2 / 5) = 2000
(5000 - 1000) * (3.2 / 5) = 2560
Lower + X = Position or Frequency 0 + 2000 = 2000
1000 + 2560 = 3560
Outputs: Eight outputs are provided per axis. Outputs may be used to operate relays, coolant valves,
air cylinders, or, with the correct interfacing, any electronically controlled device. The outputs can drive
all types of common peripheral power loads, including lamps, relays, solenoids, LED’s, printer heads,
and heaters. For inductive loads, it will be necessary to connect a clamping diode (refer to specification
section) from the output to the power source in order to provide adequate fly-back protection. The
outputs are current sinking, open collector darlingtons. They are capable of sinking up to 100mA per
output with voltages up to 40VDC. Turning an output on will pull the output pin to ground and turning an
output off will make the output pin open. Output 1 has a special function (output on the fly) that will
enable it to be triggered at a certain absolute position during a move. Output 8 has a special function
that will trigger when the encoder retries function fails.
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Output on the fly: This special function enables output 1 to turn on during a relative index or absolute
move. There are three critical portions of information needed to make this function work correctly. First,
output 1 will turn on (0VDC) for a preset delay of 50uS at a specific absolute position set by the 1st
output position command. Second, the output can then repeat this after a preset amount of steps set by
the number of steps between outputs command, and third a predetermined amount of times to set the
output is required by the number of outputs command which determines the preset amount of times to
trigger the output. So if you start at position 0 and want to move to an absolute position of 10,000, you
can set output 1 to turn on at position 2000, and every 1000 steps after that 5 times. So at position
2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, and 6000 output 1 will turn on for 50uS. To only have the output turn on at one
position set both the “number of steps between outputs” and the “number of outputs” commands to 0.
This function must be enabled, and will only work during a relative index or absolute position move. The
output will trigger while going in either direction. If you do not want the output to trigger in the negative
direction, the function must be turned off before the index move is started.
Index on the Fly: This special function uses Input 2 when a motor is slewing to move a predetermined
amount of steps, set with the registration index command, before stopping. This function must be
enabled, and will only work during a slew move. The registration index must be set before movement
begins. (Range: 1 to 8388607)
End of Program: The end of program command, used within a stored program, stops execution of the
program. This command must be used at the end of all programs.
Wait: In stored program mode, the wait command pauses the program for the specified number of
milliseconds. (Range: 1 to 65535)
If/Then Statements: The if/then statements are conditional based on the values preset in the program.
The user can either test each individual input or all inputs at once. If the input or input register matches
the given value or values, then the program will execute the next line. If the input or input register does
not match the given value, the program will skip the next line and execute the following line. An open
input is read as a 1, and a grounded input is read as a 0.
Branching or Goto Statements: The goto instruction will have the program jump to the given label. If
no label is in the program, it will error when trying to send.
Return from Subroutine: This function can be placed anywhere in the program as long as a goto
statement has been already executed. The program will jump back to the last goto statement encountered and execute the next line in the program.
Inner and Outer Loop: The loop instructions allow the user to loop a program a variable number of
times. The program will loop to the designated label location of the program. However , the label must
always be at a lower line number than the loop instruction itself. You can only nest inner loops inside an
outer loop. You may not nest an inner loop inside an inner loop, or an outer loop inside an outer loop.
Multiple nested inner loops are allowed in one outer loop.
Finish Move: When writing a program, the finish move command is used directly after every motion
command. When using this command, the PCL601USB internally generates a busy signal and will wait
until the move is complete before executing any further commands. Unless the finish move command is
used, the PCL601USB will continue to execute the program. If it encounters a command that cannot be
used when the motor is moving, the PCL601USB will error and stop the program prematurely.
Repeat Last Move: This command will move the motor the number of steps given in the last indexing
move. This command will not work correctly if the encoder autocorrect function is enabled.
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Encoder Commands: The PCL601USB controller is capable of using a quadrature incremental encoder with A and B channels.
Encoder Auto Correct: This command will enable or disable the encoder feature of the PCL601USB.
When enabled, the encoder function will compare the desired position with the actual encoder position.
If it is not in the correct position a correction move will be made.
Encoder Delay: This sets the wait time, which is a specified number of milliseconds after a relative
index or absolute move is finished, prior to reading the encoder. This is used to remove the ringing that
might be associated with the mechanics of the system. (Range: 0 to 65535)
Encoder Motor Ratio: This represents the ratio for the number of encoder pulses to one motor step.
This ratio must be a whole number. For example, given a 1000 line quadrature encoder and a 400 step/
revolution motor, the motor ratio is (1000 * 4) / 400 = 10 (Range: 1 to 255 and must be a whole number)
Encoder Retries: This is the number of times the PCL601USB will try to autocorrect the motor shaft
position before producing an error. When the error is produced, Output 8 is triggered. (Range: 0 to 255)
Encoder Window: This is the allowable error in encoder pulses (either plus or minus) from the desired
position that is allowed before the motor autocorrects. (Range: 0 to 255)
Thumbwheel Index: This special function allows a thumbwheel with up to 7 decades to be used with
the PCL601USB to set a relative index. To use the thumbwheel, SW2 must be in the TWS position or
the thumbwheel will be disabled.
Acceleration/Deceleration: The acceleration and deceleration are the same value. The acceleration is
entered directly as steps/sec2 and controls the time that the motor will take to move from base speed to
max speed, and from max speed to base speed. The higher the value, the faster the motor will accelerate. The same principal applies for the deceleration which is controlling the time it takes to go from the
max speed to base speed. (Range: 100 to 9,999,999)
Base Speed: The base speed is the speed at which motion starts and stops. It is entered directly as
the number of steps per second. This speed must always be less than the max speed and jog speed.
(Range: 1 to 5000)
Max Speed: The max speed is the top speed the user wants the motor to run. This speed must always
be greater than the base speed. It is entered directly as the number of steps per second.
(Range: 1 to 50000)
Jog Speed: The jog speed sets the fast jog rate. Jog (+/-) is used to run at base speed. The FJOG pin,
when grounded, will ramp the motor to the set jog speed. This speed must always be greater than the
base speed. It is entered directly as the number of steps per second. (Range: 1 to 50000)
Motor Current: This command will control the on/off output which is designed to connect to the on/off
input of Anaheim Automation’s step motor drivers. To energize and allow current to flow through the
coil of the motor, set the value to on. To de-energize and turn the current off to the motor, set the value
to off. This is a dedicated output and not controlled with the output register.
Verify: The verify command causes the PCL601USB controller to send data back to the PC or PLC.
The data is sent as an ASCII decimal string followed by a carriage return and a line feed. The verify
commands are shown in the table on page 34.
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Section 3: SMC60WIN Software
The SMC60WIN software is a handy utility that supports Anaheim Automation’s line of PCL601USB’s
step motor controllers. Connecting your PC to the PCL601USB, via a serial cable, the SMC60WIN software can easily perform the following tasks:
• Exercise and monitor the PCL601USB controller
• Write and edit stored programs for standalone operation
• Directly communicate with the PCL601USB controller
Installation
Software
• The SMC60WIN is supplied on a CD, containing the setup program of the SMC60WIN
software, Windows Virtual Comport Driver, PCL601USB manual and sample programs.
• SMC60WIN is compatible with all versions of Windows including Windows 2000 and
Windows XP.
Windows 95/98/NT/ME/2000/XP Installation
Option 1
1) Insert the CD into the drive
2) On the Windows Taskbar select Start | Run
3) Enter D:\setup and click OK - use the appropriate drive letter (i.e. D or E)
Option 2
1) Open Windows Explorer
2) Open CD Drive Folder (D: or E:)
3) Double click the Setup Icon
Getting Started
1) Apply power to the PCL601USB controller. Follow the onscreen instructions to install the virtual
comport on the computer. The driver is located on the CD in the drivers folder.
2) Double click on the SMC60WIN icon to run the SMC60WIN software.
3) Set the appropriate com port setting by selecting Setup | Com Port Settings from the menu bar.
(Ctrl+M is a shortcut)
4) Set the appropriate axis setting by selecting Setup | Axis from the menu bar.
(Ctrl+A is a shortcut)
5) Establish communications with the PCL601USB by clicking on the Connect Icon, or select
Setup | Connect from the menu bar. If the unit is connected properly, the program will notify you
when communications has been established. (Ctrl+C is a shortcut)
After the 1st intial setup of the comport and axis settings, the PCL601USB should connect to
the software at when the software is launched.
Changing the COM Port Number of the USB port
1) From DeviceManager, select “View devices by type”, then “Ports (COM & LPT)”. Select
the USB serial port and click Properties. Select the “Port Settings” tab, then click Advanced.
2) Choose the required COM port number from the list and click OK.
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September 2005
File Menu
New Program
Start editing a new program.
Open Program
Open an existing program from disk.
Save Program As
Print...
Exit
Save the current program to disk.
Print the current program.
Exit the SMC60WIN software.
Setup Menu
Connect
Disconnect
Com Port Settings
Axis
Establish communications with the controller.
Release the COM port for other devices to use.
Select COM port.
Set axis selection and stored axis of the controller.
Setup - Axis Menu
#L010183
Select Axis
Sets the axis select parameter in the SMC60WIN software. (1-99)
Define Axis
Sets the programmable address in the controller. (1-99)
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September 2005
Program Menu
Start Program
Start the execution of the program in the controller memory.
Stop Program
Stop the execution of the program in the controller memory.
View Program
View the program stored in the controller memory.
Clear Program Memory
Autostart Program
Clear the program memory in the controller.
Turn the autostart function on or off.
Program - Autostart Program Menu
Disable
Program will disable the execution of a stored program at power up.
Enable
Program will start execution when controller is powered up.
Edit Menu
A dd
Change
#L010183
Adds a new line of code to the end of the progam.
Edits the currently selected line of code.
Insert
Insert a new line of code before the currently selected line of code.
Delete
Deletes the currently selected line of code.
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September 2005
Help Menu
Error Coder Reader
PCL601 User's Guide
Utility to read the error code generated by the PCL601 controller.
Opens up the User's Guide in .pdf format.
www.anaheimautomation.com Opens up the Anaheim Automation Website.
About
Displays the version of the SMC60WIN and contact information.
“The Unit is Connected” / “The Unit is NOT Connected”
On the right of the Toolbar, the user will find the communication status of the PCL601USB controller. If
communications are not established, please refer to the Troubleshooting Section.
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September 2005
Toolbar
Exit
New
Open
Save
Print Calculator Stop All Connect
Exit
Exit the SMC60WIN software.
New
Start editing a new program.
Open
Open an existing program from disk or directory.
Save
Save the current program to disk or directory.
Print
Print the current program.
Calculator
Open the desktop calculator.
Stop All
Stop the program and all motion from running.
Connect
Establish communication with the controller.
Tab Sheets
Real Time Motion
Encoder Options and
Registration Inputs
Monitor and control motion of the controller.
Monitor and change settings for encoder options, input on the fly and output on the fly.
Analog Input and Thumbwheel
Monitor and change settings to Analog Inputs and the thumbwheel switches.
Options
Create and Edit Programs
#L010183
Write and edit PCL601USB stored programs.
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September 2005
Tab Sheets - Real Time Motion
Set Accel/Decel
Send acceleration & deceleration parameter to controller. (step/sec2)
S e t B a se S p e e d
Send base speed parameter to the controller. (step/sec)
Set Max Speed
Send maximum speed parameter to the controller. (step/sec)
S e t Jo g S p e e d
Send fast jog speed parameter to the controller. (step/sec)
Set Position
Set motor position.
Set Direction
Set direction to clockwise or counter-clockwise.
Set Motor Current
Set the current in the motor on or off.
Home using
(Home Switch)
Motor will seek the home position by moving towards home switch which will stop the
motor, reverse the motor direction and stop when the home limit switch is no longer
triggered. (One switch is required to stop anti-backlash)
Home using
(Soft and Home Switches)
Motor will seek the home position by moving towards home switch but motor will slow
down to base speed when the soft switch is triggered, followed by triggering the home
switch to stop motion. (Two switches are required to stop)
Move number of steps
Move to Position
Slew
Motor will move to specified position.
Motor will ramp up to maximum speed and keep moving until stop motion is triggered.
Stop Soft
Ramp motor down to base speed and stop.
Stop Hard
Stop any motor motion immediately.
Inputs
Outputs
Verify Parameters
#L010183
Motor will move number of steps entered.
View inputs. (checked = On, blank = Off)
View and trigger outputs. (checked = ON, blank = OFF)
Updates and displays controllers parameters sheet and resets the error codes.
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September 2005
Tab Sheets - Encoder Options and Registration Inputs
Encoder Auto Correct
Set Encoder Delay
Set Motor Ratio
Set the encoder autocorrect feature on or off.
Send the encoder delay parameter to the controller. (ms)
Send the encoder pulse to motor step ratio to the controller.
Set Encoder Retries
Send the number of encoder autocorrect retries to the controller. When the autocorrect
errors, Output 8 will be triggered.
Set Encoder Window
Send the encoder window to the controller.
Encoder Reset
Output on the Fly
Reset the encoder count to 0 in the controller.
Set the output on the fly feature on or off.
Set 1st Output Position
Send the 1st position to set the output to the controller.
Set # of Steps Between
Outputs
Send # of steps to take between activated outputs to the controller.
Set # of Output Counts
Send # of output counts to the controller.
Move # of Steps
Motor will move number of steps entered.
Reset Position to 0
Stop Hard
Index on the Fly
Set Registration Index
Slew
Stop Hard
Verify Parameters
#L010183
Reset the controller position to 0 (zero).
Stop any motor motion immediately.
Set the index on the fly feature on or off.
Send registration index to controller.
Motor will ramp up to maximum speed and keep moving until the index on the fly input is
activated or a stop motion is triggered.
Stop any motor motion immediately.
Updates and displays controllers parameters for this tab sheet.
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September 2005
Tab Sheets - Analog Input and Thumbwheel Options
Analog Max Speed Input
Sets the analog speed input feature on or off.
Set Speed Lower Limit
Send the analog speed lower limit to the controller.
Set Speed Upper Limit
Send the analog speed upper limit to the controller.
Set Analog Speed
Analog Position Speed Input
Sets the max speed based on analog voltage measured at input.
Sets the analog position input feature on or off.
Set Position Lower Limit
Send the analog position lower limit to the controller.
Set Position Upper Limit
Send the analog position upper limit to the controller.
Set Analog Position
Stop Hard
Thumbwheel Index
Move Thumbwheel index
Stop Hard
Verify Parameters
#L010183
Motor will move to position based on analog voltage measured at input.
Stop any motor motion immediately.
Sets the thumbwheel index feature on or off.
Motor will move number of steps set by the thumbwheel switches.
Stop any motor motion immediately.
Updates and displays controllers parameters for this tab sheet.
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September 2005
Tab Sheets - Create and Edit Program
Send Program to Controller
Send current program to the controller.
View Program in Controller
View program in the controller memory.
Upload Program in Controller Upload the program in the controller for editing and saving.
Enable Autostart
Program will start when controller is powered up.
Disable Autostart
Program will only execute when run is clicked.
Run
Execute the program in the controller memory.
Stop
Abort program execution.
A dd
Adds a new line of code to the end of the program.
Change
Edits the currently selected line of code.
Insert
Insert a new line of code before the currently selected line of code.
Delete
Deletes the currently selected line of code.
PCL601USB Memory Available
With the create and edit program tab sheet selected, the user can obtain the amount of available memory,
located to the right of the Delete command button. The PCL601USB has a maximum available memory of
2046 bytes - each instruction can use from 2 to 7 bytes.
Current Program Filename
With the create and edit program tab sheet selected, the user can obtain the current program filename,
located in the lower left corner of the SMC60WIN window. All programs created by the SMC60WIN software will have a .mdb and a .bak extension.
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September 2005
Currently Selected Line
The currently selected line is indicated in the program by the right pointing arrow/triangle in the left column.
Clicking on any line will select a new currently selected line.
Add/Change/Insert Commands
The Add/Change/Insert commands contain four different tab sheets, which are “Motion Commands”, “If/
Then and Output Commands”, “Goto, For Loops, Encoder and Thumbwheel Commands” and “Analog,
Registration and Text Commands”.
Motion Commands
Software section that allows user to enter speeds, positions, direction, etc.
If/Then and Output
Commands
Software section that allows user to manipulate conditional statements and I/0 routines.
Goto, For Loop, Encoder and Software section that allows user to manipulate branching and loop routines ,enter
Thumbwheel Commands
encoder parameters and control the thumbwheel switches.
Analog, Regisration and Text Software section that allow user to enter parameters for analog speed and position limits,
Commands
index on the fly and output on the fly parameters and text strings to be sent.
These tab sheets is where the program functions are selected to be added to or to change existing lines
of programming code in the Create and Edit Program tab.
• To add a line of motion control, select appropriate command, and if required, enter the required
value for that particular command. Then, click OK.
• Comment is optional, for any lines of code.
• The text box above the OK and Cancel buttons will display useful information about each command.
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September 2005
Add Tab Sheets - Motion Commands
Accel/Decel
Set program acceleration & deceleration parameter. (step/sec2)
B a se S p e e d
Set program base (start) speed rate. (step/sec)
Max Speed
Set program maximum (running) speed rate. (step/sec)
S e t Jo g S p e e d
Set Position
Direction CW (CCW)
Motor Current ON (OFF)
Wait ___ Milliseconds
Set program jogging speed rate. (step/sec)
Set motor position.
Set direction to clockwise or counter-clockwise.
Set the current in the motor on or off.
This command allows the user to enter a delay in milliseconds.
Move ___ Steps
Relative move command will allow motor to move the defined number of steps entered.
Move to Position
Absolute move command will move motor to the position specified.
Set Position
Allows user to change the position register in the controller.
Finish Move
Command will allow any motion command to be completed before continuing to the next
line of code. This command should be used after every motion command.
Repeat Last Move
Command will repeat the previous index move. Do not use with encoder autocorrect
enabled.
Home to Soft, Home Limits
Command will begin motion in the direction last entered, seeking the soft input first to
slow the motor down to base speed, then to stop when the home limit is triggered.
Home to Home Limit
Slew (move continuously)
Command will ramp motor up to max speed and keep moving until triggered to stop.
Stop Soft
Ramp motor down to base speed and stop.
Stop Hard
Stop any motor motion immediately.
End of Program
#L010183
Command will begin motion seeking the home limit which will slow the motor down to
base speed, reverse the direction and stop when the home limit is no longer triggered.
This command is required as the last command in the program code.
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September 2005
Add Tab Sheets - If/Then and Output Commands
If inputs match below then
execute the next line,
otherwise skip the next line
This conditional command allows the user to execute the next line of code if the inputs
triggered match the given value. If the inputs do not match, the next line is skipped.
If input matches, then execute This conditional command allows the user to execute the next line of code if the specific
the next line, otherwise skip input triggered matches the given value. If the input does not match, the next line is
the next line
ski p p e d .
Set Outputs
#L010183
The outputs can be turned (on=1) or (off=0). These outputs can be used to trigger PLC
operations, relays, solenoids, etc.
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September 2005
Add Tab Sheets - Goto, For Loops, Encoder and Thumbwheel Commands
Goto
Command allows the program to jump to the specified label.
Label
Command inserts a label for goto and loop commands.
Return from Subroutine
Command will return to the last goto and execute the next line of code.
Outer Loop
Command allows a sequence of commands to be looped a specific number of times to a
label. This label must be before the outer loop command.This command cannot be used
within an inner loop.
Inner Loop
Command allows a sequence of commands to be looped a specific number of times to a
label. This label must be before the inner loop command. This command can be used
within an outer loop.
Thumbwheel Index Off
Command will disable the ability to use the thumbwheel switches to index.
Thumbwheel Index On
Command allows the user to use the thumbwheel index. Switch 2 must be in the
thumbwheel position for the thumbwheel to be enabled.
Move Thumbwheel Index
Relative move command will allow motor to move the defined number of steps set by the
thumbwheel switches.
Encoder Auto Correct Off
Command will disable the autocorrect of the motor. The encoder value can still be read.
Encoder Auto Correct On
Command will enable the use of the encoder and autocorrect the motor if needed, based
on the encoder registers.
Delay
Command sets a time delay used for settling time needed after an index is finished: The
delay occurs before the encoder count is read.
Motor Ratio
Retries
Command sets the number of times the motor can autocorrect itself before erroring.
When the autocorrect errors, Output 8 will be triggered.
Window
Command sets the number of encoder counts the motor is allowed to be off.
Reset Encoder Count
#L010183
Command sets the number of encoder counts to one motor step.
Command will reset the encoder count to 0 (zero).
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September 2005
Add Tab Sheets - Analog, Registration and Text Commands
Analog Speed On (Off)
Set Analog Speed
Sets the analog speed input feature on or off.
Sets the maximum (running) speed based on the analog input.
Analog Speed Lower Limit
Sets the analog speed lower limit to the value specified.
Analog Speed Upper Limit
Sets the analog speed upper limit to the value specified.
Analog Position On (Off)
Sets the analog position input feature on or off.
Goto Analog Position
Motor will move to the position based on the analog input.
Analog Position Lower Limit
Sets the analog position lower limit to the value specified.
Analog Position Upper Limit
Sets the analog position upper limit to the value specified.
Output on the Fly On (Off)
1st Output Position
Steps Between Outputs
# of Output Counts
Index on the Fly On (Off)
Registration Index
Send Text
#L010183
Sets the output on the fly feature on or off.
Sets the position that the 1st output will trigger during and index.
Sets the number of steps between the triggered output.
Set the number of times the output will trigger.
Sets the index on the fly feature on or off.
Sets the value of the index that will occur after the registration input is activated.
Will send the entered text string back to the user. (20 characters maximum)
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September 2005
Calculator
PPS->RPS
Convert from pulses per second to revolution per second.
RPS->PPS
Convert from revolution per second to pulses per second.
Steps Per Rev
Close
#L010183
Enter the number of steps per revolution of the step motor. The default is for a 200 step/rev
motor in half step, which is equal to 400.
Exit the Calculator.
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September 2005
Section 4: Direct Talk Mode
Direct mode is used to directly control motion for real time movements through serial communication. The
PCL601USB controller has 40 commands, which are easy to remember.
COM Port Settings
Baud Rate: 38400
Data Bits:
8
Parity:
None
Stop Bits:
1
Flow Control:Xon/Xoff
Unit Selection
In order to select a unit, the @ command followed by the address of the unit must be sent.
NOTE: There should be no spaces between the @ and address select.
How to select a unit:
@0
(Unit 0 is selected)
@1
(Unit 1 is selected)
@29 (Unit 29 is selected)
How to get a response from a unit:
@0$ (Carriage Return)
After the $ command, the PCL601USB will return a SMC60 + the current revision number.
Note: In direct talk mode each command is followed by a carriage return.
The unit communicates in half duplex mode, therefore proper setup of hyper terminal is necessary to view
characters, if characters are to be echoed back to the screen.
Instructions
All instructions require that no spaces be sent between the command and the parameter followed by a
carriage return.
@0 not @ 0 correct: @0(carriage return)
incorrect: @ 0 (carriage return)
Command Summary:
A - Acceleration/Deceleration
B - Base speed
C - Steps between outputs
D - 1st output on the fly position
EA - Encoder autocorrect enabled
ED - Encoder delay
EM - Encoder motor ratio
ER - Encoder retries
ET - Encoder reset
EW - Encoder window
G - Go number of steps
H - Home
I - Read inputs
J- Fast jog speed
#L010183
M - Max speed
N - Number of steps
O - Set outputs
P - Absolute position
S - Go slew
T - Motor current enabled
V - Verify
Z - Position
! - Error codes register
$ - Version number
% - Verify axis number
‘ - Index on the fly enabled
( - Output on the fly enabled
27
+ - Clockwise direction
, - Stop soft
- - Counterclockwise direction
. - Stop hard
/ - Thumbwheel enabled
: - Analog position enabled
; - Analog speed enabled
[ - Analog speed lower limit
] - Analog speed upper limit
^ - Number of outputs
{ - Analog position lower limit
} - Analog position upper limit
~ - Set address of PCL601USB
September 2005
A - Acceleration/Deceleration
Format:
A[value]
Description:
This command sets the acceleration profile which is an integer value between
100 and 9,999,999. The higher the value, the faster the motor acceleration.
Range:
100 - 9,999,999
B - Base speed
Format:
B[value]
Description:
This command sets the base (start) speed for motion. This value must be set before motion begins and be less then the maximum speed and fast jog speed.
Range:
1 - 5000
C - Number of steps between outputs during output on the fly
Format:
C[value]
Description:
This command sets the number of steps between when output 1 turns on during an
output on the fly move. If only one output turn on is needed, set this value to 0. This
command is used in conjunction with the output on the fly enabled “(“ command.
Range:
0 - 65535
D - 1st Output on the fly position
Format:
D[value]
Description:
This command sets the position at which output 1 will turn on during an
output on the fly move. This command is used in conjunction with the output on the
fly enabled “(“ command.
Range:
0 - 65535
EA - Encoder autocorrect enabled
Format:
EA[0 or 1]
Description:
This command will either enable or disable the encoder autocorrect function. To
enable the function use a 1, to disable the function use a 0. When this function is
enabled, the relative register is used to calculate the encoder position, therefore
before the next move is made, the relative register needs to be set. This command
is used in conjunction with the encoder delay “ED”, encoder ratio “EM”, encoder
retries “ER” and encoder window “EW” commands.
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September 2005
ED - Encoder delay
Format:
ED[value]
Description:
This command sets the wait time a specified number of milliseconds after a relative
index or absolute move is finished, before reading the encoder. This is used to
remove the ringing that might be associated with the mechanics of the system.
This command is used in conjunction with the encoder autocorrect “EA” command.
Range:
0 - 65535
EM - Encoder motor ratio
Format:
EM[value]
Description:
This represents the ratio for the number of encoder pulses to one motor step. An
example is for a 1000 line quadrature encoder and a 400 step/revolution motor, the
motor ratio is (1000 * 4) / 400 = 10. This command is used in conjunction with the
encoder autocorrect EA command.
Range:
1 - 255
ER -Encoder retries
Format:
ER[value]
Description:
This is the number of times the PCL601USB controller will try to autocorrect the
motor before erroring. This command is used in conjunction with the encoder
autocorrectEA command. When the autocorrect errors, Output 8 will be triggered.
Range:
0 - 255
ET - Encoder reset
Format:
ET
Description:
This command will reset the internal encoder count register to 0.
EW -Encoder window
Format:
EW[value]
Description:
This is the allowable error in encoder pulses (either plus or minus) from the desired
position that is allowed before the motor autocorrects. This command is used in
conjunction with the encoder autocorrect EA command.
Range:
0 - 255
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September 2005
G - Go number of steps
Format:
G
Description:
This command is used to send a set number of clocks out of the PCL601USB
controller. An N or P command must be entered before the G command. The
ramp profile is specified by the B (base speed), M (max speed), and A (acceleration/deceleration) commands.
H - Home
Format:
H[0 or 1]
Description:
Home Types: H0:
H1:
In type 0 homing, the PCL601USB will send clocks until a soft limit is reached,
then ramp down to base speed. Clocks will continue at base speed until a
home limit is reached. The ramp profile is specified by the B (base speed),
M (max speed), and A (acceleration/deceleration) commands.
In type 1 homing, the PCL601USB will send clocks until a home limit is
reached,ramp down to base speed, change directions and run at base speed
unit the release of the home limit input. The ramp profile is specified by the
B (base speed), M (max speed), and A (acceleration/deceleration) com
mands.
I - Read inputs
Format 1:
IR
Description:
This command returns the binary value of the inputs to the PC. Since the inputs
are pulled up internally (except input 1), they will return a high when they are
open. For example; if all inputs are active (grounded), the command will return a
0. If all inputs are inactive (open), the command will return a 63. Input 1 is the
LSB and input 6 is the MSB.
Format 2:
I[input]
Description:
This command returns the value of the selected input to the PC. If the input is
open or high it will return a 1. If the input is grounded or low it will return a 0.
Ranged:
0-6
J - Fast jog speed
Format:
J[value]
Description:
This command sets the fast jog speed. This value must be set before motion
begins and be greater than the base speed.
Range:
1 - 50000
#L010183
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September 2005
M - Max speed and analog speed
Format 1:
M[value]
Description:
This command sets the maximum (running) speed for motion. This value must be
set before motion begins, and be greater than the base speed.
Range:
1 - 50000
Format 2:
M
Description:
This command uses the voltage on input 1 to calculate and set the max speed. The
analog speed must be enabled for this command to work. This command is used
in conjunction with the analog speed “;”, the analog speed lower limit “[“, and the
analog speed lower limit “]” commands. This value must be set before motion
begins.
N - Number of steps
Format 1:
N[value]
Description:
This command sets the number of clocks for the PCL601USB to send out following
a G command. It is also used to set the registration index during and index on the
fly move. Motion is not activated by this command; it only sets the index register.
Range:
0 - 8388607
Format 2:
N
Description:
This command reads the thumbwheel switches to set the number of clocks for the
PCL601USB to send out following a G command. For this command to work SW2
must be in the TWS position, and the thumbwheel enable bit must be enabled.
Motion isnot activated by this command, it only sets the index register. This command is used in conjunction with the thumbwheel enabled “/” command.
O - Set outputs
Format 1:
OR[value]
Description:
This command sets the output register according to the binary value entered.
Output 1 is the LSB and output 8 is the MSB.
Range:
0 - 255
Format 2:
O[output]=[0 or 1]
Description:
This command sets the selected output either on or off. A 1 will turn the output
on (0VDC) and a 0 will turn the output off (open).
Range:
0-8
#L010183
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September 2005
P - Absolute position and analog position
Format 1:
P[value]
Description:
This command calculates and sets the number of clocks for the PCL601USB to
send out following a G command. Motion is not activated by this command; it
only sets the register. (N = P - Z)
Range:
-8388607 to +8388607
Format 2:
P
Description:
This command uses the voltage on input 1 to calculate and set the number of
clocks for the PCL601USB to send out following a G command. The analog position must be enabled for this command to work. Motion is not activated by this command, it only sets the register (N = P - Z). This command is used in conjunction with
the analog position“:”, the analog position lower limit “{“, and the analog position
lower limit “}” commands.
S - Go slew
Format:
S
Description:
This command will send clocks out to the PCL601USB. The only commands that
can stop the clocks are; “.” (stop motion) or “,” (soft limit). Motion can also be
stopped by using the limit switch inputs. The ramp profile is specified by the B
(base speed), M (max speed), and A (acceleration/deceleration) commands.
T - Motor current enabled
Format:
T[0 or 1]
Description:
This command will control the On/Off output, which is designed to connect to the
on/off input of Anaheim Automation’s step motor drivers. To energize and allow
current to flow through the coil of the motor, set the value to 1. To de-energize
and turn the current off to the motor, set the value to 0. This is a dedicated
output, and not controlled with the output register.
#L010183
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September 2005
V - Verify
Format:
V[command]
Description:
This command can be used with most commands to verify the register contents.
This is a read only command. Valid Commands are shown below.
Command Description
Command Description
A
Verify acceleration/deceleration
O
Verify outputs
B
Verify base speed
T
Verify motor current (1 is on, 0 is off)
C
Verify steps between outputs on the fly
Z
Verify position
D
Verify 1st output on the fly position
'
Verify index on the fly enabled**
EA
Verify encoder autocorrect enabled**
(
Verify output on the fly enabled**
ED
Verify encoder delay
+
Verify Direction
EM
Verify encoder motor ratio
/
Verify thumbwheel index enabled**
EP
Verify encoder position
:
Verify analog position enabled**
ER
Verify encoder retries
;
Verify analog speed enabled**
EW
Verify encoder window
[
Verify lower analog speed value
F
Verify if controller is busy
]
Verify upper analog speed value
J
Verify jog speed
^
Verify number of outputs
L
Verify Limits (Hard-Bit 0, Soft-Bit 1)
{
Verify lower analog position value
M
Verify max speed
}
Verify upper analog position value
N
Verify number of steps
** 1 is enabled, 0 is disabled
Z - Position
Format:
Z[value]
Description:
This command sets the current position as a reference. This register can contain
a positive or negative value but, cannot be changed while motion is in progress.
Range:
-8388607 to +8388607
! - Error codes register
Format:
!
Description:
This command requests the PCL601USB controller to get the current error code
and print it to the screen. For a description of the error codes see page 39.
$ - Version number register
Format:
$
Description:
This command requests the PCL601USB controller to return its internal firmware
version number.
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September 2005
% - Verify address register
Format:
%
(No address is needed before this function. @% will return the address)
Description:
This command requests the PCL601USB controller to return its internal address
number to the PC or PLC.
‘ - Index on the fly enabled
Format:
‘[0 or 1]
Description:
This command will either enable or disable the index on the fly function. To
enable the function, use a 1. To disable the function use a 0. This command is used
in conjunction with the number of steps “N” and go slew “S” commands.
( - Output on the fly enabled
Format:
([0 or 1]
Description:
This command will either enable or disable the output on the fly function. To
enable the function, use a 1. To disable the function use a 0. This command is used
in conjunction with the number of steps between outputs “C”, 1st output position
“D”, and number of outputs “^” commands.
+ - Clockwise
Format:
+
Description:
This command sets the direction output to clockwise.
, - Soft Limit Input Bit
Format:
,
Description:
This command will ramp the clocks down to base speed. The move type then
determines what will happen. In a relative or absolute type motion the PCL601USB
controller will continue to the set position and stop. In a slew type motion the
PCL601USB controller will ramp down and stop. In a home type motion the
PCL601USB controller will ramp down and run at base speed, until the home limit
is activated.
- - Counter-Clockwise
Format:
-
Description:
This command sets the direction output to counterclockwise.
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. - Stop Motion
Format:
.
Description:
This command will stop all motion. It can also be used to stop the current program
that is running.
/ - Thumbwheel index enabled
Format:
/[0 or 1]
Description:
This command will either enable or disable the ability to use the thumbwheel
switches for indexing. If enable, SW2 must be in the TWS position for the
thumbwheel to be connected to the processor.
: - Analog position enabled
Format:
:[0 or 1]
Description:
This command will either enable or disable input 1 to be used to set the analog
position. To enable the function, use a 1. To disable the function use a 0. This
command is used in conjunction with the analog position lower limit “{“ and analog
position upper limit “}” commands.
; - Analog speed enabled
Format:
;[0 or 1]
Description:
This command will either enable or disable input 1 to be used to set the analog
speed. To enable the function, use a 1. To disable the function use a 0. This command
is used in conjunction with the analog speed lower limit “[“ and analog speed upper
limit “]” commands.
[ - Analog speed lower limit
Format:
[[value]
Description:
This command sets the lower limit that is used during the calculation following an M
command for the analog speed input. This command is used in conjunction with
the analog speed enabled “;” and max speed “M” commands.
Range:
1 - 50000
] - Analog speed upper limit
Format:
][value]
Description:
This command sets the upper limit that is used during the calculation following an
M command for the analog speed input. This command is used in conjunction with
the analog speed enabled “;” and max speed “M” commands.
Range:
1 - 50000
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^ - Number of outputs during output on the fly
Format:
^[value]
Description:
This command sets the number of times output 1 will turn on during an output on
the fly move. This command is used in conjunction with the output on the fly enabled “(“ command.
Range:
0 - 255
{ - Analog position lower limit
Format:
{[value]
Description:
This command sets the lower limit that is used during the calculation following a P
command for the analog position input. This command is used in conjunction with
the analog position enable “:” and absolute position “P” commands.
Range:
0 - 65535
} - Analog position upper limit
Format:
}[value]
Description:
This command sets the upper limit that is used during the calculation following a P
command for the analog position input. This command is used in conjunction with
the analog position enable “:” and absolute position “P” commands.
Range:
0 - 65535
~ - Set address register
Format:
~[value]
Description:
This command sets the address for communication inside the PCL601USB
controller.
Range:
0 - 99
#L010183
(No address is needed before this function. @~[value] will set the
address)
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September 2005
Section 5: Troubleshooting
Problem:
Cannot establish communications with the PCL601USB.
Possible Solutions:
1) Make sure the PCL601USB controller has power. Is the Green LED on?
2) Check the USB connections.
3) Check for loose cable connections either on the PCL601USB controller or USB Port.
4) Was the software installed successfully?
5) Go to Setup | Com Port Settings and verify COM port and baud rate settings.
6) Go to Setup | Axis and verify address settings are the same.
7) Click on Setup |Connect icon to communicate with the PCL601USB controller.
8) If problems still exist, contact Anaheim Automation Tech Support.
910 East Orangefair Lane
Anaheim, CA, 92801-1195
phone: (714) 992-6990
fax: (714) 992-0471
www.anaheimautomation.com
Anaheim Automation, Inc.
Tech Support:
Problem:
There is no power to the PCL601USB controller.
Possible Solutions:
1) Is the PCL601USB controller connected to the appropriate power supply?
2) Check for any blown fuses in line with the PCL601USB controller.
3) If problems still exist, contact Anaheim Automation, Inc. Tech Support.
Problem:
My program won’t “Autostart”.
Possible Solutions:
1) Verify that the Autostart Function has been enabled.
2) Go to Setup | Autostart Program and Click on Enable.
3) If problems still exist, contact Anaheim Automation Tech Support.
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Problem:
The PCL601USB controller has a fault condition.
Possible Solutions:
1) Verify your program for improper syntax that may cause an error code.
2) Physically press the reset button on the PCL601USB to clear an error.
3) Another way to clear an error is by using either the SMC60WIN software or the direct mode
command instructions set.
4) The SMC60WIN can clear an error in the real time motion tab section by clicking on the verify
parameters button.
5) The direct mode command “!” can clear an error by simply prompting the error code register
to return the value back to the PC or PLC.
Note: Read the Error returned to the screen to better understand what can be causing the fault
condition. The error is returned in binary coded decimal format. If two errors were
received, their binary values would be added together.
Error Codes
Error Code
Type
1
Receive
Overflow Error
Description
The serial communications had a receiving error. This is an internal error caused by the
computer.
2
Encoder Error 1 The encoder needed to correct the index.
4
Encoder Error 2 The encoder could not finish the index. Output 8 is set with this error.
8
Command Error
16
Motor Error
32
A bad command was sent to the controller. Please check to see that the command being
sent is valid.
Motor speed profiles are set incorrectly. Please make sure that the base speed is less
than the max speed and that the speeds are within their valid ranges.
Range Overflow The go to position has an overflow error. This is caused by the P command trying to find
a position that is out of its range.
Error
64
Range Error
There was an invalid number of commands and characters sent to the controller. Check to
see if the parameters are invalid for the command that was sent.
128
Transmitt Error
To many parameters sent back to the PC. This is an internal error caused by the eeprom.
256
Mode Error
Controller is in a wrong mode. Some commands are good only in programming mode,
while others are good only in direct mode. Check the direct mode section to see which
commands are good in direct mode.
512
Zero
Parameters
Error
There were no parameters sent to the controller. A command was sent to the controller
that expected to see parameters after the command.
1024
Busy Error
The controller is busy indexing. The controller is sending out clocks to the driver and can
not execute the next instruction.
2048
Memory Range The specified address is out of range. This is caused by overflowing the program
Error
memory by having a program that is to large.
4096
Memory
The command pulled from memory is invalid. The command that was stored into the
Command Error eeprom was non executable by the program. This is an internal error.
8192
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Thumbwheel
Read Error
There was an error reading the thumbwheel or the thumbwheel is not present.
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September 2005
Section 6: Tutorial
Sample Program 1:
Sample Program 1 illustrates a typical application where a system moves to a specific position required.
The sample program shows how to use the motion and goto instruction commands.
0
4000
8000
Start
Initilize Values
Move 4000 Steps
Repeat Last Move
Move to Position 0
then wait 500mSec
Quit
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Sample Program 2:
Sample Program 2 illustrates a typical application where a system is first sent home to a datum or 0
position. This sample program shows how a motor will move to 3 different positions utilizing some of the
motion commands, loop routines and encoder routine.
0 Position
(Home Position)
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1st
Position
2nd
Position
3rd
Position
Labeler
Dryer
Capper
2”
4”
6”
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September 2005
Sample Program 3:
Sample Program 3 illustrates the setup and operation of the output on the fly function, and the use of the
if/then statement. The system is first homed using home type 0, waits for input 1 to be a value of 0
(grounded) and then is indexed 10,000 steps. During this index, output 1 needs to be turned on every
1000 steps 5 times starting at position 2000. At the end of the index, output 1 is then turned on again for
1 mS and the unit is then sent back the 10,000 steps to position 0, but the output should not be turned on.
The unit then repeats waiting for input 1 to be 0 and indexes again.
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Sample Program 4:
Sample Program 4 illustrates the setup of the analog speed function and the use of “indexing-on-the-fly.”
The system is first homed using home type 1. The next step is to wait for the input register to read 110111
(input 2 must be high while input 3 is low, all other inputs are not used and input 1 is masked high due to
the analog function being used). The third step is to slew using the analog input as the maximum speed
between 5000 and 10000 steps/revolution. When input 2 is switched low, the unit will index 2500 more
steps and ramp down to base speed and stop. At the end of the index, output 1 will turn on for 100 mS.
After the output is turned off the unit will be sent back to position 0. The program then is sent back to
repeat itself, waiting for the input register to be 110111 again.
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Sample Program 5:
Sample Program 5 illustrates a typical 3 axis application where one PCL601USB (Axis 0) is controlling the
other two axes (Axis 1 and Axis 2) by using the send text string commands. The program first sets the
accelerations, base speeds and maximum speeds for each axis. It then is enabling Axis 0 and Axis 1 to
use the thumbwheel switch that is connected to each unit for indexing. The direction is then set for Axis 0
and Axis 1 and these two axes are then told to index the distance set in each thumbwheel at the same
time. The program then waits for the motion to finish before it tells Axis 2 to move. Axis 2 first moves in the
negative direction waits for the index to finish, and then moves back in the positive direction. After Axis 2
is finished moving, Axis 0 and Axis 1 are both sent back to their zero positions at the same time. The
program is then repeated.
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Appendix 1: ASCII Table for Direct Mode
ASCII Symbol
Hex Value
ASCII Symbol
Hex Value
ASCII Symbol
Hex Value
0
30
J
4A
#
23
1
31
K
4B
$
24
2
32
L
4C
%
25
3
33
M
4D
"
27
4
34
N
4E
(
28
5
35
O
4F
+
2B
6
36
P
50
,
2C
7
37
Q
51
-
2D
8
38
R
52
.
2E
9
39
S
53
:
3A
A
41
T
54
;
3B
B
42
U
55
@
40
C
43
V
56
[
5B
D
44
W
57
]
5D
E
45
X
58
^
5E
F
46
Y
59
{
7B
G
47
Z
5A
}
7D
H
48
Carriage Return
0D
~
7E
I
49
!
21
Appendix 2: Firmware Revisions
Version 1.00 - Initial Release.
Version 1.10 - Fixes Lockup on RS485 Communication.
Added capability to stop the motor on an Encoder Error after the Encoder Retries
number has been reached.
Version 2.00 - Added capability for the Encoder Ration to have 2 decimal points. Also when the encoder
retries fails, Output 8 is set. This verison of firmware also requires an upgrade to the
SMC60WIN version 2.00.
Version 2.10 - Fixes the update of the Analog Input when the pot was not changed after a manual
update of the Max Speed, or Goto Position registers.
Added the capability to verify the Hard and Soft Limit inputs.
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Copyright
Copyright 2004 by Anaheim Automation, Inc.. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language, in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual, or otherwise, without
the prior written permission of Anaheim Automation, Inc., 910 East Orangefair Lane, CA, 92801. The only
exception to this would be use of the program examples in this manual.
Disclaimer
Though every effort has been made to supply complete and accurate information in this manual, the
contents are subject to change without notice or obligation to inform the buyer. In no event will Anaheim
Automation, Inc. be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of
the use or inability to use the product or documentation.
Limited Warranty
All Anaheim Automation, Inc. products are warranted against defects in workmanship, materials and
construction, when used under Normal Operating Conditions and when used in accordance with
specifications. This warranty shall be in effect for a period of twelve months from the date of purchase or
eighteen months from the date of manufacture, whichever comes first. Warranty provisions may be voided
if the products are subjected to physical damage or abuse.
Anaheim Automation, Inc. will repair or replace at its option, any of its products which have been found to
be defective and are within the warranty period, provided that the item is shipped freight prepaid, with
RMA (return material authorization), to Anaheim Automation’s plant in Anaheim, California.
Trademarks
Control Link and Driver Pack are registered trademarks of Anaheim Automation, Inc.
IBM PC is a registered trademark of International Business Machines, Inc.
A N A H E I M A U T O M A T I O N , INC.
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