ENGLISH
ENGLISH
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
FLR100 and FL100 are the optical beam smoke detectors whose working principle is based on the
attenuation of the light intensity of an infrared light beam due to smoke.
The infrared light beam is transmitted by a transmitter unit (Tx) and received and properly processed by a
receiver unit (Rx).
More specifically, the receiver unit Rx processes an electrical signal proportional to the intensity of the
received light and notifies an alarm or fault condition if the signal falls below an alarm or fault threshold
continuously for a predefined amount of time.
FLR100 and FL100 can work in either one of the following configurations:
• transmitter/receiver unit FLR100 (Tx/Rx) + passive reflector
• transmitter unit FL100 (Tx) + receiver unit FL100 (Rx)
The former requires a single device FLR100, configured to work simultaneously as transmitter and receiver,
and a passive reflector whose purpose is to reflect towards the receiver the light beam sent by the
transmitter.
The latter involves two separate FL100 devices, one configured to work exclusively as transmitter and one
as receiver.
FLR100 and FL100 are equipped with three LED indicators and two 7-segment displays for notification of
several types of information. Also, there are a fault relay and two relays used to signal the pre-alarm and
alarm conditions.
FLR100 and FL100 can be connected to a conventional fire detection circuit for signalling any alarm
condition to the control panel.
CONTENTS OF THE PACKAGE
The package of the optical beam smoke detector contains the following items:
Optical beam smoke detector FLR100
• 1 transmitter/receiver unit
• 1 filter for alarm and fault condition verification
• 1 installation and user manual
• 4 plastic stoppers
• 1 rubber gasket
Optical beam smoke detector FL100
• 1 transmitter unit
• 1 receiver unit
• 1 filter for alarm and fault condition verification
• 1 installation and user manual
• 8 plastic stoppers
• 2 rubber gaskets
The transmitter unit differs from the receiver unit because on the optical section of the transmitter a lens is
mounted and is clearly visible.
Warning: since the device contains fragile optical parts, it is recommended to protect it from accidental
falls and hits.
CE LABELING AND RELEVANT DOCUMENTATION
According to the requirements of the EN54-12 Standard, below we report the CE labelling along with the
required information.
14
14
1293
1293
is a trademark of URMET S.p.A.
Via Bologna, 188/C - 10154 Torino - Italy
is a trademark of URMET S.p.A.
Via Bologna, 188/C - 10154 Torino - Italy
14
14
1293-CPR-0406
DoP n. 1293-CPR-0406
1293-CPR-0407
DoP n. 1293-CPR-0407
FL100
FLR100
EN 54-12
Line detector using an optical light beam
Fire safety
EN 54-12
Line detector using an optical light beam
Fire safety
Documentation: see doc. LBT80777
Documentation: see doc. LBT80777
INSTALLATION
The optical beam smoke detectors FLR100 and FL100 imply two different types of installation:
FLR100 – Transmitter/receiver unit (Tx/Rx) + passive reflector
This configuration involves a single FLR100, which operates simultaneously as transmitter and receiver
(Tx/Rx), and a passive reflector placed at a distance from the Tx/Rx unit between 5 and 100 meters.
The passive reflector must be chosen according to the distance from the FLR100 device:
Distance
Type of passive reflector
5 – 20 meters
10cm x 10cm
20 – 50 meters
20cm x 20cm
50 – 100 meters
30cm x 20cm
FL100 – Separate transmitter unit (Tx) + receiver unit (Rx)
This configuration involves two separate FL100 devices. One of them is configured as transmitter (Tx) and
the other one as receiver (Rx).
In this case, the transmitter (Tx) and the receiver (Rx) can be placed at a distance between 5 and 150
meters.
PLACEMENT
Locate the spot where the Tx and Rx units (or the Tx/Rx unit and the passive reflector) must be placed, by
verifying that:
• the walls must not be subject to movements, vibrations and deformations due to temperature
variations (e.g. metallic supports)
• there must not be any light reflection (even temporary) due to glossy surfaces, mirrors or glasses
located near the devices
• the optical path must be free from obstacles in a range of at least 50 cm
• the distance between the devices and the ceiling must be greater than 30 cm
• in case of sloping ceiling, the receiver unit must be placed near the top of the ceiling
• if there is more than one receiver in the same room, they must be placed at a maximum distance of
15 meters from each other
• the device positioning must be compliant with the national installation standards
• the devices must be horizontally mounted with the display correctly readable
0,5 - 7,5 m
0,5 - 7,5 m
WALL
> 30 cm
CEILING
WALL
Figure 1- Single optical beam installation
Figure 2- Multiple optical beams installation
Figure 3 – Multiple optical beams installation
(Graph to be used to find out the distance between the detectors and the distance between the Tx and Rx units of each detector)
Moreover, it is fundamental that the Tx and Rx units (or the Tx/Rx unit and the passive reflector) are placed
in front of each other with the beam light perpendicular to them; as far as possible, the light optical beam
should be parallel to the ceiling and should follow the line of sight between the units.
In the special case of a passive reflector to be installed in a room with glossy surfaces (e.g. glazed walls),
the reflector must be placed about 30 cm away from the line of sight and properly aligned with the Tx/Rx
unit, as shown in the picture below.
Figure 4 - Installation of a Tx/Rx unit and a passive reflector on glossy surfaces
FASTENING
Detector (Tx, Rx, Tx/Rx)
Unscrew the four screws placed on the front cover of the detector and remove it. Drill the wall where the
detector will be mounted; fix the detector by using the proper screw anchors and screws using all the four
fixing points then insert the plastic stopper in each screw seat.
Insert the rubber gasket in the perimetric seat of the base (contact point with the front cover) taking care to
positioning the conjunction point of the two ends downward.
Prepare the electrical conduits used for cables and relevant cable glands, by using the knock out plugs
available on the plastic bottom of the container, in order for the container to be airtight at the end of
installation. Before closing the cover of the detector, perform all the electrical connections and the
alignment operations of the system as described later.
Passive reflector
Drill the surface/wall on which the passive reflector will be mounted. By using the screw anchors and
screws, fix the reflector and clean the reflecting surface at the end of installation.
Electronic board of the detector
The detector is composed of one single electronic board, which is the same for all the models (Tx, Rx and
Tx/Rx). This board hosts the electronic components and the optical section.
Do not remove or separate the parts which compose the optical section of the detector.
Figure 5 - View of the board of the detector
Indicators
The detector is equipped with three LED indicators and two 7-segment displays used to provide the
following information:
GREEN
LED
RED
LED
YELLOW
LED
DISPLAY
LED indicators (1)
OFF: the device is powered off
ON: the device is working normally
Blinking: the device is working normally but the received signal level is higher
than the normal reference level
OFF: the device is working normally
ON: the device is in alarm condition
Blinking: the device is in pre-alarm condition
OFF: the device is working normally
ON: the device is in fault condition
Blinking: the device requires maintenance
When ON, it shows the received signal level. If a fault condition occurs, the
message En is shown, where n is the identifier of the fault.
(1) During the alignment and auto-calibration procedure each LED indicator can take on one of the three
aforementioned states based on the current condition.
Terminal board
The detector is equipped with 2 terminal boards used for the electrical connections described below:
Terminal board - M1
POWER
+IN
POWER
-IN
FAULT
PC
FAULT
CC
RELAY 1
PC
RELAY 1
CC
RELAY 2
PC
RELAY 2
CC
Power supply positive input 12÷24Vdc
Power supply negative input
Fault relay output – contact selectable between NO and NC (see JP1)
Fault relay output – common contact
Pre-alarm relay output – contact selectable between NO and NC (see JP2)
Pre-alarm relay output – common contact
Alarm relay output – contact selectable between NO and NC (see JP3)
Alarm relay output – common contact
Terminal board - M2
LINE
+
LINE
-
Positive input of the “Conventional circuit” section
Negative input of the “Conventional circuit” section
Relays
The detector is equipped with 3 signalling relays, described below (the left column reports the silk-screen
printing of each relay):
Relay
This relay signals the fault and maintenance conditions.
It works in safe mode, i.e. when the detector is powered on and no fault or
maintenance condition is present, the relay is excited. When the detector is
powered off or a fault or maintenance condition occurs, the relay is not excited.
This relay is used to signal the pre-alarm condition.
This relay is used to signal the alarm condition.
FAULT
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
Jumpers
The detector is equipped with a set of jumpers described below:
Jumper
Position
JP1
JP2
JP3
(1) Factory settings.
1,2
2,3 (1)
1,2
2,3 (1)
1,2
2,3 (1)
Description
Fault relay: PC terminal connected to the NC contact
Fault relay: PC terminal connected to the NO contact
Pre-alarm relay: PC terminal connected to the NC contact
Pre-alarm relay: PC terminal connected to the NO contact
Alarm relay: PC terminal connected to the NC contact
Alarm relay: PC terminal connected to the NO contact
DIP-SWITCHES
FLR100 and FL100 are equipped with 10 dip-switches which allow the user to configure the working mode
of the detector and the relevant parameters.
Functionality
Working mode
Configuration non permitted
Tx mode
Rx mode
Tx/Rx mode
Pre-obscuration threshold (only for Rx and Tx/Rx modes)
Threshold 1 (20% obscuration)
Threshold 2 (25% obscuration)
Threshold 3 (30% obscuration)
Threshold 4 (35% obscuration)
Fault signalling delay (only for Rx and Tx/Rx modes)
5 seconds
30 seconds
60 seconds
90 seconds
Memory ON/OFF working mode (only for Rx and Tx/Rx modes)
Memory OFF working mode
Memory ON working mode
Alignment procedure (only for Rx and Tx/Rx modes)
Autocalibration procedure start
Alignment procedure start
Conventional detection circuit handling (only for Rx and Tx/Rx modes)
Conventional detection circuit not handled
Conventional detection circuit handled
Reserved
Reserved – always leave in OFF position
Dip-switches
DS1
DS2
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
DS3
DS4
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON (1)
ON (1)
DS5
DS6
OFF
OFF
ON (1)
OFF (1)
OFF
ON
ON
ON
DS7
OFF
ON (1)
DS8
OFF
ON (1)
DS9
OFF (1)
ON
DS10
OFF (1)
(1) Factory settings.
DS1, DS2:
The DS1 and DS2 dip-switches define the working mode of the device and its configuration is performed
only at the factory. Do not modify the DS1, DS2 settings; the removal of the applied seals will cause
the non-compliance to the EN54-12 standard.
If the device is configured in the Tx mode, the remaining dip-switches are not used. Conversely, when the
device is configured in the Rx mode or the Tx/Rx mode, the remaining dip-switches must be properly
configured by following the indications reported below:
DS3, DS4:
The receiver section of the detector constantly monitors an electrical signal proportional to the received light
intensity. If any smoke is present, the light intensity decreases compared to the intensity received in clean
air and the device detects an alarm condition when the light intensity decreases at least of 35% compared
to the value in clean air for a continuous interval of at least 5 seconds. Once detected, the alarm condition
is notified to the user by turning the red LED on and by activating the pre-alarm and alarm relays.
Dip-switches DS3 and DS4 allow the user to set a pre-obscuration threshold which, if crossed, leads to the
activation of the pre-alarm relay and makes the red LED blink.
For instance, (DS3, DS4) = (OFF, OFF) define a 20% pre-obscuration threshold. In such a case, when the
light intensity undergoes an attenuation between 20% and 35% for at least 5 seconds, the pre-obscuration
condition is detected and notified to the user by activating the pre-alarm relay (RELAY1) and making the
red LED blink. If the light intensity is further reduced and goes under the 35% threshold for at least 5
seconds, the detector enters the alarm condition, which is notified to the user by activating the alarm relay
and turning the red LED fixed ON.
If (DS3, DS4) = (ON, ON), the pre-obscuration threshold equals the alarm threshold. In such a case, when
both thresholds are crossed, the alarm condition is notified directly to the user.
DS5, DS6:
If the received light intensity undergoes an attenuation of at least 95% (fault threshold) for at least n
consecutive seconds (n is defined base on the settings of DS5 and DS6), the device detects a fault
condition which is notified to the user by switching the fault relay and turning the yellow LED ON.
DS7:
The “Memory ON” working mode implies that, when the device detects a fault, this condition is signalled
until the device is powered off or it receives a reset pulse on the detection circuit (the latter condition must
be enabled by properly setting the DS9 dip-switch).
The “Memory OFF” working mode, conversely, implies that the fault condition signalling ends (by turning
the yellow LED OFF and switching the fault relay) when the light intensity signal goes above the fault
threshold for a continuous period of n seconds (n = fault signalling delay).
DS8:
This dip-switch is thoroughly described in the chapter related to the alignment and autocalibration.
DS9:
This dip-switch is thoroughly described in the section related to the conventional detection circuit.
DS10:
This dip-switch must be always left in the OFF position.
ALIGNEMENT AND AUTOCALIBRATION
The alignment and autocalibration procedure is composed of a manual phase and an automatic phase. The
manual phase consists of searching the mechanical alignment between the transmitter and the receiver; the
automatic phase consists of a fine tuning of the gain of the receiving amplifier in order to get a valid
reference signal in clean air.
After having installed and configured the detector (either in the case of separate Tx and Rx units or in the
case of a Tx/Rx unit and a passive reflector), perform the following operations:
• power on the transmitter and the receiver by leaving the lids of each unit removed
• set the DS8 dip-switch of the Rx or Tx/Rx unit in the ON position; the display will show the level of
the received signal
• verify that the hexagonal nuts D1, D2 and D3 used to regulate the mechanical alignment on each
unit are not at the limit stop and the Rx and Tx units are optically aligned
• by acting on the nuts D2 and D3 of the Rx or Tx/Rx unit (D1 is kept fixed), look for any received
signal; during the procedure ensure to do not interfere with the infrared beam
• obtain the maximum signal on the receiver also acting on the nuts of the Tx unit
• repeat this procedure by alternating the regulations on both units in order to get the maximum signal
level on the receiver unit; for the autocalibration procedure to complete successfully, the received
signal level must be higher than 12
• mount the lid of the Tx unit and verify that the received signal level has decreased by no more than
3-4 points otherwise re-check the alignment
• move the dip-switch DS8 on the Rx or Tx/Rx unit to the OFF position the alignment procedure will
be ended and the autocalibration procedure will be started
• within a period of 3 minutes mount the lid of the Rx or Tx/Rx unit – during this phase the yellow and
red LEDs of the unit blink alternatively whereas the green LED is fixed ON
• at the end of 3 minutes period, the Rx or Tx/Rx unit will activate the automatic regulation of the gain
of the amplifier chain on the receiver side in order to align the received signal to a reference value (a
typical value is 25) and verify that the received signal is stable enough for a specific amount of time
– during this phase, the red LED is ON when the signal is higher than the reference value; the
yellow LED is ON when the signal is lower than the reference value
• at the end of the automatic gain regulation the red and yellow LEDs are turned OFF whereas the
green LED is fixed ON
NOTE: please, take into account that the autocalibration procedure can last several minutes. If the
procedure fails the yellow LED is fixed ON and the display shows the error cause.
Figure 6 - Internal view of the detector – the hexagonal nuts used for mechanical regulations are highlighted
FUNCTIONAL VERIFICATION
The functional verification of the device must be performed at the end of the alignment and autocalibration
procedure and, in general, whenever suitable.
In order to perform the alarm detection verification, use the provided alarm/fault filter and place the area “A”
on the optics of the receiver. Then, verify that:
• after an interval of 5 seconds, the alarm condition is detected and notified by turning the red LED
fixed ON and activating the pre-alarm and alarm relays (RELAY1 and RELAY2).
Now, remove the alarm filter and then remove the alarm condition by:
• either turning OFF and then ON the receiver unit
• or issuing a reset command on the fire detection control panel (this method is applicable if the detection
circuit coming from the control panel is connected to the LINE terminals – see dip-switch DS9)
Now, perform the fault detection verification, use the alarm/fault filter and place the area “F” on the optics of
the receiver and verifying that:
• after n seconds (n = fault signalling delay, configurable via dip-switches DS5, DS6), the fault
condition is detected and notified by turning the yellow LED fixed ON and switching the fault relay.
After removing the obscuration of the receiver, restore the normal working mode of the device by
performing one of the following operations:
• wait for n seconds (if the device is configured in memory OFF mode, see dip-switch DS7)
• turn the receiver unit OFF and then ON (if the device is configured in memory ON mode)
• issue a reset command on the fire detection control panel (this method is applicable if the detection
circuit coming from the control panel is connected to the LINE terminals – see dip-switch DS9)
The fault condition on an installation composed of a Tx/Rx unit and a passive reflector is verified by covering
the passive reflector. This way, other than verifying that the device is able to detect the fault, the following
condition is verified as well: the signal arriving to the receiver is reflected exclusively by the passive reflector.
NORMAL OPERATING MODE
When the optical beam smoke detector is working in normal operating mode, the display is OFF and any
signalling is performed exclusively by using the LEDs and the relays. The signalling generated by the unit
depends on the working mode it is configured for (Tx, Rx or Tx/Rx):
• The transmitter unit Tx can only generate fault signalling due to internal malfunctioning of the unit.
The transmitter unit can never generate a pre-alarm or an alarm condition.
• The receiver Rx or transmitter/receiver Tx/Rx unit can signal a pre-alarm or alarm condition, a fault
condition caused by lack of received signal, need for maintenance and fault condition due to an
internal malfunctioning of the unit.
During the normal operating mode of the device, the green LED is fixed ON.
Optical compensation and maintenance procedure
During the normal operating mode, the Rx (or Tx/Rx) unit performs periodically every 15 minutes a
procedure whose purpose is to compensate the reduction of received light intensity due to:
• accumulation of contaminating material (dust, etc.) on the lids of the units
• slight mechanical misalignments between Tx and Rx units (or between Tx/Rx unit and passive
reflector) due to the structure where they are installed.
The compensation is performed by increasing the gain of the received signal amplifier. If the gain reaches a
predefined maximum value, the reduction of the light intensity cannot be further compensated and the
device enters the maintenance state: the fault relay switches and the yellow LED starts blinking. In such a
condition, the lid of the device must be cleaned by the operator without being removed.
Once the cleaning is done, the received signal level should increase and suddenly go beyond the reference
level. In such a condition, an 1 minute verification interval starts. During this interval, both green and yellow
LEDs blink simultaneously. If the signal level goes below the reference level, the device exits the
verification phase and remains in maintenance state. When the verification interval expires, the gain of the
receiver amplifier is automatically reduced in order to bring the received signal level to the reference value
and the device returns in the normal operating mode.
Note that in case of a pending alarm or fault condition the periodic optical compensation procedure is not
performed.
If an Rx or a Tx/Rx unit is turned OFF in normal operating mode (i.e., without any pending alarm condition),
the optical compensation procedure is performed automatically when the unit is turned ON again.
CONVENTIONAL DETECTION CIRCUIT SECTION
The optical beam smoke detector can be connected to a conventional detection circuit of a conventional
control panel by enabling a suited “conventional circuit” section. The dip-switch DS9 allows the user to
enable this section. By moving DS9 to the ON position, the detector handles the conventional detection
circuit as follows:
• Continuous check of the presence of the circuit voltage coming from the conventional control panel;
any interruption of this voltage leads to the cancellation of any ongoing alarm and/or fault condition
and to the reset of the detector to the normal working mode;
• The pre-alarm and alarm conditions are signalled to the control panel by drawing some current from
the conventional detection circuit by the “conventional circuit” section.
The physical connection with the control panel can be performed on the Rx or Tx/Rx unit and on this unit
the dip-switch DS9 must be moved to ON. On the Tx unit, DS9 must remain in the OFF position. By letting
DS9 in the OFF position, the conventional detection circuit section is disabled.
It is important to highlight that this connection does not involve any transmission of the fault condition from
the detector to the control panel. In order to transmit the information of a fault condition to the control panel
it is suggested to use the fault relay to open the detection circuit and break the electrical continuity of the
circuit with its end of line resistor
Power Supply
24 Vdc
(-) (+)
(+)
M1
(-)
EOL
(*)
Conventional detection (+)
circuit from a fire
(-)
detection control panel
(+)
(-)
M2
Rx or Tx/Rx unit
Figure 7 - Example of connection with the detection circuit of a conventional control panel with open
circuit fault generation caused by a fault on the detector
(*) The value of the end of line resistor depends on the control panel in use. This type of connection must
be performed only when the Tx or Tx/Rx unit is the last point of the detection circuit.
ERROR CODES
If an error condition occurs while the device operates, the En information is displayed, where n is an error
code reported in the table below:
Error code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Meaning
Autocalibration error due to too high or too low signal level
Autocalibration error due to unstable signal
Saturation error: the signal cannot be further compensated
Transmission error on the IIC peripheral
Dataflash initialization error
Dataflash block deletion error
Dataflash word read error
Dataflash word write error
Transmission error of a response frame to an UART1 command
Recoverable
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
When an error condition occurs, other than displaying the error code, the device also performs the following
operations:
• The fault relay switches;
• The yellow LED is turned ON;
• The program blocks itself.
Errors 1 and 2 are typical of the autocalibration procedure.
Error 3 is an internal error which occurs if the device cannot compensate a signal with a too high level.
The remaining errors are due to broken peripherals internal to the microcontroller mounted on the board.
The recoverable errors can be cancelled by moving the dip-switch DS8 to the ON position, in order to
restart the alignment procedure.
The unrecoverable errors, conversely, block the program indefinitely
CONNECTIONS
Power Supply
24 Vdc
(-) (+)
(+)
(-)
M1
(+)
(-)
M2
Fault relay contact
Pre-alarm relay contact
Alarm relay contact
Conventional detection (+)
circuit from a fire
(-)
detection control panel
Optional, only use on
Rx or Tx/Rx units
Tx, Rx or Tx/Rx unit
Figure 8 - Example of connections of the Tx, Rx or Tx/Rx unit
MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 9 – Overall dimensions and drilling template
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Power supply voltage
Consumption in idle @24 Vdc (Tx, Rx, Tx/Rx)
Consumption in idle @12 Vdc (Tx, Rx, Tx/Rx)
Consumption in alarm @24 Vdc (Rx, Tx/Rx)
Consumption in alarm @12 Vdc (Rx, Tx/Rx)
Consumption in fault @24 Vdc (Rx, Tx/Rx)
Consumption in fault @12 Vdc (Rx, Tx/Rx)
Pre-alarm obscuration thresholds
Alarm obscuration threshold
Minimum operating distance
10,8 ÷ 26.8 Vdc
55 mA, 45 mA, 55 mA
45 mA, 35 mA, 45 mA
50 mA, 60 mA
40 mA, 50 mA
35 mA, 45 mA
30 mA, 40 mA
20%, 25%, 30%, 35%
35%
5 meters
150 meters (separate Tx and Rx)
Maximum operating distance
100 meters (Tx/Rx and passive reflector)
Wavelength of the transmitter beam
890nm
Tolerance to the beam misalignment (separate ±1°
Tx and Rx)
Tolerance to the beam misalignment (TxRx unit ±0,5°; ±5°
and passive reflector)
1 A, 30 Vdc resistive load - NO/NC contact,
Pre-alarm relay
selectable via jumper
1 A, 30 Vdc resistive load - NO/NC contact,
Alarm relay
selectable via jumper
1 A, 30 Vdc resistive load - NO/NC contact,
Fault relay
selectable via jumper
Conventional detection circuit – input voltage 10 ÷ 20 Vdc
range
Conventional detection circuit – consumption in 20 mA @20 Vdc
pre-alarm condition
Conventional detection circuit – consumption in 40 mA @20 Vdc
alarm condition
Conventional detection circuit – reset pulse 200 mS
duration
Operating temperature
(-10 ± 3)°C ÷ (55 ± 2)°C
Relative humidity
(93 ± 3)%
Protection grade
IP55
10 cm x 10 cm
Passive reflector dimensions
20 cm x 20 cm
30 cm x 20 cm
Dimensions
248x122x120 mm
Weight
900 g
Compliant with the standard: EN54-12: 2002
Line smoke detector using an optical light beam
Fire security
FLR100
Urmet S.p.A. 1293-CPR-0407
DoP n. 1293-CPR-0407
FL100
Urmet S.p.A. 1293-CPR-0406
DoP n. 1293-CPR-0406
14
1293
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