OpenOLAT 8.0 Beta - User Manual

OpenOLAT 8.0 Beta - User Manual
OpenOLAT 8.0 Beta - User Manual
http://www.frentix.com - 12.2011 v8.0 beta
@2011 Copyright
Some rights reserved! This document is copyright protected by the owners and companies listed below under the
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Creative Commons license. For more information check:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ch/
Responsible persons:
Sandra Arnold (Overall), University of Zurich, MELS, [email protected]
Renata Sevcikova (Overall), University of Zurich, MELS, [email protected]
Kristina Isacson (Overall), University of Zurich, MELS, [email protected]
Joël Fisler (Specials), University of Zurich, MELS, [email protected]
Sandra Hübner (Content), Hochschule Furtwangen, [email protected]
Christian Meier (Content), TU Dresden, [email protected]
Sven Morgner (Content), BPS, [email protected]
Kirsten Scherer Auberson (Content), frentix, [email protected]
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OpenOLAT 8.0 Beta - User Manual
Content
Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 4
What to Expect From this Manual.........................................................................................................4
Manual's Structure.................................................................................................................................. 4
Further Sources of Information..............................................................................................................5
General Information on this Learning Platform........................................................................................ 6
Information on OpenOLAT....................................................................................................................6
Requirements when Working with OLAT.............................................................................................6
The Idea of Open-Source Software....................................................................................................... 7
Technology and Navigation................................................................................................................... 7
Roles and Rights.....................................................................................................................................7
Registration, Login and Logout................................................................................................................. 9
Your First OLAT Registration............................................................................................................... 9
Login Page.............................................................................................................................................. 9
Session Timeout and Logout..................................................................................................................9
Home (Your Personal Homepage), Full-Text Search and Chat.............................................................. 11
Settings and Menu Entries of Your Home.......................................................................................... 11
Full-Text Search................................................................................................................................... 15
Chat....................................................................................................................................................... 15
Groups....................................................................................................................................................... 16
Project Groups...................................................................................................................................... 16
Learning Groups and Learning Areas..................................................................................................18
Right Groups.........................................................................................................................................21
Learning Resources.................................................................................................................................. 23
Various Types of Learning Resources................................................................................................. 23
How to Find Learning Resources (OLAT User without Author Rights).............................................25
How to Find Learning Resources (OLAT Users with Author Rights)................................................ 26
Actions in the Tab 'Learning Resources'............................................................................................. 26
Detailed View of Learning Resources................................................................................................. 27
Learning Activities in Courses.................................................................................................................30
Working With Course Elements.......................................................................................................... 30
Additional Course Features.................................................................................................................. 37
Course Problems and Error Messages................................................................................................. 38
Creating Courses.......................................................................................................................................40
General Information..............................................................................................................................40
Requirements.........................................................................................................................................40
Just a Few Clicks and the Course Wizard Will Create Your OLAT Course.......................................40
In Six Steps to Your Course With the Course Editor..........................................................................40
Additional Settings in the Detailed View............................................................................................ 43
Course Elements and Course Editor........................................................................................................ 46
General Configuration of Course Elements......................................................................................... 46
Access Restrictions in the Expert Mode..............................................................................................48
Types of Course Elements................................................................................................................... 49
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Using Editor Tools............................................................................................................................... 61
Collecting function............................................................................................................................... 62
Deleting, Moving and Copying Course Elements............................................................................... 62
Creating CP Learning Content................................................................................................................. 63
General Information..............................................................................................................................63
In Five Steps to Your Content Package...............................................................................................63
Creating Wikis.......................................................................................................................................... 66
General Information..............................................................................................................................66
Four Steps to Your Wiki......................................................................................................................66
Further Configurations..........................................................................................................................68
Creating Podcasts......................................................................................................................................69
General Information..............................................................................................................................69
Requirements.........................................................................................................................................69
Four Steps to Your Podcast................................................................................................................. 69
Further Configurations..........................................................................................................................71
Creating Blogs.......................................................................................................................................... 72
General Information..............................................................................................................................72
Four Steps to Your Blog...................................................................................................................... 72
Further Configurations..........................................................................................................................74
Creating Tasks.......................................................................................................................................... 75
General Information..............................................................................................................................75
Requirements.........................................................................................................................................75
Three Steps to Your Task.................................................................................................................... 75
Further Configurations..........................................................................................................................77
Creating Portfolio Tasks...........................................................................................................................79
General.................................................................................................................................................. 79
Requirements.........................................................................................................................................79
Five Steps to Your Portfolio Task....................................................................................................... 79
Managing Topics of Topic Assignments................................................................................................. 83
General.................................................................................................................................................. 83
Requirements.........................................................................................................................................83
Three Steps to Create and Manage Topics.......................................................................................... 83
Creating Tests and Questionnaires...........................................................................................................86
General Information..............................................................................................................................86
Five Steps to Your Test, Self-test or Questionnaire............................................................................ 87
Test and Questionnaire Editor in Detail.............................................................................................. 89
Archiving Results of Tests and Questionnaires................................................................................... 92
Course Operation...................................................................................................................................... 94
Using Editors During Course Operation..............................................................................................94
Using Course Tools.............................................................................................................................. 94
Using Additional Course Features....................................................................................................... 97
Record of Course Activities................................................................................................................. 99
Supported Technologies......................................................................................................................... 100
Using eLML to Create E-Learning Content...................................................................................... 100
Using WebDAV..................................................................................................................................100
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Using External Chat Clients...............................................................................................................102
Index........................................................................................................................................................106
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OpenOLAT 8.0 Beta - User Manual
Introduction
What to Expect From this Manual
This user manual helps you to make yourself familiar with OpenOLAT while thoroughly explaining it's
functionality.
The OpenOLAT manual is meant for people interested in e-learning as well as in making use of OpenOLAT for
various reasons. If you have not worked with OpenOLAT (former OLAT) before you will get more information
on how to get started with this learning platform step by step which includes searching for predefined learning
content, its adaption, as well as the handling of collaborative tools.
Perhaps you were already an experienced OLAT user but now you want to provide others with learning content
in OpenOLAT. In this case the chapters on learning resources, course elements, course editor and the ones on
how to create courses or tests will assist you in your work.
If you were already an OLAT expert this manual will serve as a work of reference. Its table of contents is
there to guide you; the PDF version additionally provides an index in order to find what you are looking for
as fast as possible.
This is an extended Adaption of the "OLAT 7.1 - User Manual", used under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-ShareAlike license.
Manual's Structure
This manual consists of four parts. The chapters 1 - 3 deal with the Introduction to this Learning Platform.
Chapter 2 concentrates on OpenOLAT's basics. You will learn that OpenOLAT is an open-source learning
platform with several different OpenOLAT user roles at your disposal. Chapter 3 shows you how to register in
OpenOLAT, how to use further features on the login page, and finally how to log off.
In the second part you will learn How to Use OpenOLAT. Please read Chapter 4 after registering and choosing
an OLAT user name in order to get further information on its structure and different possibilities to configure
your homepage, the so-called "Home." The following Chapter 5 deals with OpenOLAT's concept of groups,
e.g. which group types are feasible in various scenarios. Let yourself get inspired and create your own didactic
concept. Chapter 6 concentrates on OpenOLAT's primary concern, on learning resources. There are different
types of learning resources and this chapter also tells you how to find learning content. Should you have
difficulties while working on some learning content you can get help in Chapter 7. Course elements as well as
possible learning activities will be explained from the participant's point of view.
Do you want to create courses for yourself? The third part of this manual is dedicated to the Creation of
Learning Content. Chapter 8 contains step-by-step instructions on how to prepare a course before authorizing
course participants to get access. Course elements as well as feasible configurations in the course editor will
be described in detail in the following Chapter 9.
If you want to create further learning resources to be included in your course the following chapters will be
useful: "Creating CP Learning Content", "Creating Wikis", "Creating Podcasts", "Creating Blogs", "Creating
Tasks", "Creating Portfolio Tasks", "Managing Topics of Topic Assignments", and "Creating Tests and
Questionnaires".
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Your learning content is now completed, published, and frequently used by course participants. Chapter 18
will tell you where to find course results, where to assess achievements or how to archive your learning content
after your course's completion.
In the fourth part, in Chapter 19, you can make yourself familiar with technologies and tools that will facilitate
your work within OpenOLAT. We recommend these tools that complement OpenOLAT's features since many
OpenOLAT users can tell you about their positive experience they have made with OLAT over the years.
Depending on your OpenOLAT user role you will be interested in various chapters of this manual. The chapters
1 - 4 and 7 describe features that are at the disposal of all OpenOLAT users. Chapter 5 and 6 first deal with
information regarding all users. The second part then concentrates on specific author features. The chapters
8 - 18 are only relevant for OpenOLAT users without any author rights if a course author has provided these
users with certain tasks, e.g. the mentoring of groups. Chapter 19 can help authors who work with OpenOLAT
regularly and who want to get familiar with further auxiliary technologies.
Further Sources of Information
Context-Sensitive Help
While working with OpeOLAT you cannot only dispose of this manual but also use OpenOLAT's contextsensitive Help. This Help feature explains the options you have regarding OpenOLAT's configuration--right
where you are at that particular moment. You will recognize this feature by a question mark icon. Just click on
that icon to open the context-sensitive Help feature within a new window.
Support
Please contact your local support team.
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General Information on this Learning Platform
This chapter gives an account of OpenOLAT's development and of the people behind this system. Then you
will learn something about the requirements you have to comply with when working in OpenOLAT and its
technology. Finally you can acquaint yourself with all of OpenOLAT's user roles.
Information on OpenOLAT
OpenOLAT derives from OLAT which means "Online Learning and Training", and is an open-source learning
platform. In 1999 OLAT was launched by the Computer Science Department at the University of Zurich (UZH).
In September 2000 the OLAT team at that time won the MEDIDA Prix. This as well as OLAT's success
opened new possibilities: In 2001 the Computer Science Services at the UZH took charge of OLAT, offering
professional operation and support as well as further software development. OLAT has been used as a strategic
learning platform at the UZH since 2004. At present OLAT is employed at all faculties of the UZH as well as
the ETH Zurich; there are more than 50'000 registered users.
In 2011, the project host closed down access to the source. As a result, the open-source project OpenOLAT
was initiated, as a branch of the version 7.1 OLAT code.
A learning platform or Learning Management System (LMS) serves to provide learning content, to organize
learning activities, and to manage course participants. A LMS assists you in realizing didactic course concepts.
You can use a LMS for virtual presentations as well as blended-learning scenarios. Blended learning is a form of
e-learning that combines classroom teaching with computer-based learning. Features such as access regulation,
group management, assessment tools, or collaborative tools (forum, chat, etc.) assist you in organizing an event.
OpenOLAT is not a Content Management System (CMS). Since OLAT means "Online Learning and Training"
the main objective is not the creation of learning material. Therefore additional tools should be used when
creating or editing larger amounts of learning content (e.g. eLML). Learning content that has been generated
externally can be imported into OpenOLAT by means of standardized interfaces. However, in order to be able
to create simple pages in OpenOLAT there are applicable tools such as the HTML editor.
Further information about OpenOLAT can be found on the project website www.openolat.org and the product
website www.olat.com from frentix. You can get a first impression of OpenOLAT on frentix' demo server,
even if you do not have an OpenOLAT setup.
Requirements when Working with OLAT
OLAT is a web application. In order to work with OLAT you will need an internet connection as well as a
modern web browser. OLAT is optimized for Mozilla Firefox (2.0 and up), a browser that can be downloaded
for free. Please perform a browser check to be sure that your browser will support all of OLAT's features.
If you want to offer courses in OLAT you have to apply first for author rights by contacting your support team.
You can start working in OLAT after choosing your didactic concept and after adapting your learning content
for the web. We recommend using a HTML editor such as Dreamweaver to create complex learning content
or other tools that help you generate content (e.g. eLML).
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The Idea of Open-Source Software
OLAT is an open-source software which means that its code is at your disposal for free. You can download
it, use it, adapt it, and develop it further without having to pay license fees. Further information on this opensource project can be found on our community website www.olat.org. There you can get in contact with the
open-source community, put your name down in the mailing list, and exchange experiences.
Why open source? There are several reasons: first the OLAT team benefits from the software's world-wide
operation; various institutions and companies provide us with valuable input for OLAT's further development.
The second reason is the fact that thanks to translators from the open-source community we are able to offer this
software in numerous languages by now. The third reason is the UZH's ambition to use open-source software
and to promote it in order to be independent from proprietary software.
The largest OLAT setup with over 50'000 users is brought on-line at the University of Zurich. The community
website can provide you with a list containing other known setups.
Technology and Navigation
OLAT is a web application and available in a completely new Java version since its release 3.x. Furthermore
we use standard web applications such as: Apache (web server), Tomcat (application server), a MySQL data
base (other data bases are also possible), and XML (data management). Since 2006 Web 2.0 technologies have
come into operation for the purpose of implementing intuitive user interfaces.
Web applications can cause problems when pushing the back button of your browser. We therefore
advise you to always use the OLAT navigation to get to the content you are looking for.
Roles and Rights
Essential ideas of OLAT are various roles and rights that can be assigned to users. Each user can take on one
of four main roles:
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Guest: Guests, who are not registered, will have only limited access to OLAT. They can see learning
content that is open to the public; however, they cannot participate in any learning activities such as
contributing to a forum discussion. The login page provides a link to that guest access.
Registered OLAT user: Each user has a distinct user name; this name cannot be altered after registration.
Users may benefit from open learning content and participate in all learning activities. In addition there
is storage space as well as a homepage at each user's disposal that can be configured individually. A
registered user can furthermore create his own project groups.
Author: An author can create or import learning content for his course participants. Additionally authors
can manage participants within learning groups before archiving or deleting them after that course has
ended. Registered users can apply for author rights at their appropriate support services.
System administrator: A system administrator assigns rights, manages users, and deletes obsolete
learning content. Get in contact with your system administrator via support services.
Besides these four main roles there are others that are seldom used such as the group administrator, the user
administrator, and the learning resource administrator. These roles are part of those responsibilities a system
administrator bears.
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The role basically dictates the rights a user has in OLAT. It is also possible to assign additional rights to users.
You can for instance allow a registered OLAT user to supervise groups and to evaluate group participants.
You can even add any author as owner (co-author) to your course which means that this new owner has the
right to edit your course as well.
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Registration, Login and Logout
In this chapter you will learn how to register in OLAT and how to log out. Additionally you will come to know
more about the information available on the login page.
Your First OLAT Registration
In order to work with OLAT you need an internet connection as well as a browser. Concerning your first OLAT
registration, please contact the manager responsible for e-learning in your organisation.
Login Page
Login to OLAT is possible anytime through your organisation's access page. In case you should forget your
password you can contact your responsible helpdesk.
The login page provides you with further features and more information (guest access, browser check, website
accessibility) that can be used without any login.
Guest Access
You can use OLAT as guest as well. The so-called guest access provides an insight into OLAT with limited
access to certain features: you will only get to learning content that is explicitly open to the public. In order to
have access to other material and activities you will have to register first.
Browser Check
OLAT is optimized for the Firefox browser (version 2.0 and up). This browser can be downloaded for free
at Mozilla.
If you want to use a different browser you can test that by means of the browser check. You will know if your
browser can be used and which OLAT features will then be available.
Website Accessibility
Website accessibility means optimization of access for visually impaired people. Here you will get information
on shortcuts to essential system elements.
By means of the so-called Web 2.a mode you can highlight certain elements on screen. This mode can be
activated and deactivated on the user level. Check your configuration on your Home, section "Settings".
Session Timeout and Logout
OLAT administers a session for all users. Each click (e.g. on a question in a test) restarts the session time of
your session. System administrators are able to set the session time according to their needs. If there are no
clicks within that session time in OLAT the session will be terminated.
Session timeouts will not be announced. After your session time is up you will have to log in anew.
All data that have not been saved will be lost. You should therefore periodically save your work.
It is possible to log off of OLAT at any time by using the logout icon on your top right. You will then get back
to the login page. If you do not log off but only close the browser or the browser window your session will
go on till your session timeout is reached.
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If you want to use OLAT in public places it is important to log off of OLAT; to only close your browser
window is not enough. As long as your session is active another person could use your OLAT login
data at that computer.
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Home (Your Personal Homepage), Full-Text Search and Chat
After your login you will get to your Home, your personal homepage in OLAT. This chapter will inform you
about how to adapt your Home to your personal needs and how to use further features such as the chat or the
full-text search.
Settings and Menu Entries of Your Home
Each OLAT user can adapt the Home area to a certain extent. On the one hand you can restructure the sections
displayed according to your needs. On the other hand there are a number of personal settings you can set up
in your Home.
Configuring Entries in Your Home
The sections in your Home consist of various shortcuts to your groups, your learning resources, your calendar,
your notifications, a comic strip, as well as to information on OLAT in general. You can choose which sections
should be displayed in an arrangement of your choice.
Let us assume that most of the time you have to deal with groups. Therefore you may want to position the
section "My groups" more prominently: just click on "Configure page" on your top right. Then move the section
"My groups" wherever you want to by means of the arrows provided.
You can further determine how many entries should be visible within a certain section. In order to do this just
click on one of the following icons: "Sort manually" or "Sort automatically." If you choose "Sort manually"
you will be able to determine the selection of entries as well as their sequence.
If you do not want to see certain sections in your Home you can deactivate these sections. Deactivated sections
will be displayed at the bottom of the page when configuring your Home. You can reactivate them anytime.
After completing your configuration you should click on "End configuration" on your top right.
Settings
In the menu on the left just underneath the option "Settings" you can modify your personal data. This may
be necessary if you want to forward OLAT e-mail messages to another mail address or if you want to create
a visiting card.
Just indicate your data in your profile and save that information. By means of check boxes you can decide
which data should appear on your visiting card, that is, what other users should be able to see. You can also
upload a photo to be published on your visiting card. This photo will also be visible when publishing forum
contributions or comments.
You can further adapt the font size and your system language in the tab "System" (OLAT has been translated
into numerous languages). You can further determine how often you want to receive notifications via e-mail.
You can choose between: off, monthly, weekly, daily, every 6 hours, and every two hours.
Your chat features can be determined by means of "Instant Messaging," e.g. your status after having logged in.
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Calendar
In the calendar you can see your private events as well as events regarding calendars of groups and courses.
In the list right underneath the active calendar day you can hide and unhide each calendar or determine which
calendar should be displayed in a certain color.
Should your calendar remain empty or should certain events not appear, it could be that you forgot to
select that calendar in the calendar list.
In order to add a new event to your calendar you have to click inside the appropriate calendar field. If you
are a group member you have to first select from the pull-down menu to which calendar (personal calendar
or group calendar) you want to add your new event. Events can be edited or deleted by clicking on their time
specification.
Use the OLAT event search to find events already existing. By means of the link "Go to date" you can directly
navigate to any past or future date.
By means of iCal (a standard to manage events) you can integrate various OLAT calendars into another
calendar, e.g. the Google calendar. It is therefore also possible to integrate any other calendar into the OLAT
calendar.
Subscriptions
Thanks to OLAT's notifications you are always up-to-date regarding your courses or groups: you will be
informed about new documents in a folder, about answers to forum entries or modified Wiki pages. In many
places you can select the option "Subscribe" to be kept informed. News will be displayed immediately in the
tab "Home," section "Notifications"; OLAT will send you an appropriate e-mail once a day. If you prefer to
receive such messages less often or not at all you can adapt these settings in your Home in the tab "System".
If you do not need your subscription any longer you can either unsubscribe it (same place as "Subscribe") or
you can select the option "Delete" in your Home, section "Subscriptions," right next to your resource.
In the section "Subscriptions" of your Home you can choose to be shown any modifications within a certain
period of time in the tab "News" or you can choose to have sent those modifications once again via e-mail.
Bookmarks
Bookmarks serve to get faster access to your learning resources. In the detailed view of your course you will
find a link in the box "Learning resource" to be able to set bookmarks. In your Home you can then edit or
delete these bookmarks.
Personal Folder
In your personal folder OLAT provides you with storage space. Here you can store presentations you want to
use from another computer or cache a research paper, etc.
This personal folder contains two areas, the "Private" and the "Public" one. Only you will have access to your
private area. In the subfolder "Public" you can store files you want to share with other OLAT users. By means
of the link "Other users" you can search for other OLAT users and have access to those users' "Public" folder
via the menu item "Folder."
The personal folder is WebDAV compatible, i.e. folders in OLAT act as a regular network drive. Therefore
it is very easy to copy, move or delete files. For more information please go to " Using WebDAV".
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In case the memory limit (Quota) is exceeded due to large files in your personal folder you can contact
your support team to allocate more space.
Notes
You can take notes in each course. You can collect and edit your notes before even printing them.
Evidence of Achievement
An evidence of achievement is a certification of some assessment, e.g. tests, written examinations, or other
tasks handed in to be reviewed. Course authors determine if OLAT should create assessments in their course.
Course participants will see their evidences of achievement after taking a test, etc. that has been assessed.
E-mails
The "E-mails" section provides you with an overview of all your sent and received E-mails. OLAT stores all
E-mails and thus allows for an easy navigation between different contexts.
Bookings
Bookings displays all learning resources you booked so far within OLAT. Booking list as well as the detailed
view provide you with information on booking number, date, status, booking method and costs.
Other Users
Search for other OLAT users! Have a look at their visiting card, at the "Public" area of their personal folder,
at any released portfolio folders, or send them a message by means of a contact form.
In the footer you will find a link indicating all users logged on at that moment.
ePortfolio
An ePortfolio is used to document learning results as well as learning processes and is therefore meant to assist
in reflecting on someone's process of development. The menu entry ePortfolio serves to create accumulative
folders of portfolios before making those accessible to certain people (OLAT users as well as guests). You can
also have a look at other users' folders or perform portfolio tasks of an OLAT course.
In order to create a portfolio folder or perform a portfolio task you have to create or assemble artefacts first.
Artefacts are documents of your learning process as well as your work performed. Artefacts can be e.g. texts,
files, posts in a forum or blog, or evidences of achievement.
You can assemble the following artefacts:
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Posts in forums
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Files in folders
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Wiki pages
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Evidences of achievement
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Posts in blogs
First you have to select the ePortfolio icon (e.g. in a post of yours) before following the steps of your
accumulative artefact tool. You can indicate the title as well as the description of your artefact; you can provide
it with key words (commonly known as tags) to facilitate your search later on or you can write a text as memory
aid to justify the selection of your artefact. If you have already created an accumulative folder you will be able
to link your artefacts to that folder.
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You can create artefacts by clicking on "Add artefact" within the menu item "My artefacts." Just select the
required artefact type before creating your text,file or blog artefact. Similar to the accumulative artefact tool
you just have to follow the directions of the artefact creation tool. You can write a text, upload a file, or create
a learning journal. A learning journal is a blog to document your learning progress. Afterwards you have to
indicate a title and a description before deciding on key words for your artefact. Then you confirm that you are
the author of that artefact and indicate your reflections before selecting an accumulative folder.
After creating or assembling artefacts you can also search for artefacts by means of the menu item "My
artefacts" in order to e.g. edit artefacts or delete ones from your list. There are two possibilities to search for
artefacts. The tag browser will help you to browse for key words of your artefact (tags). Then you can use the
artefact search feature to additionally search for the type, the creation date, the title or the description of an
artefact. Furthermore you can save your queries to avoid having to indicate your search criterion anew. These
queries can be adapted or deleted as required.
You can have a look at your artefacts in the detailed view or the table view. This table view presents an overview
of your artefacts and provides a possibility to sort columns alphabetically. In the detailed view you can edit
or delete your artefacts.
You can configure your display settings by selecting only a certain amount of artefact attributes in
the detailed view.
Within the menu item "My accumulative folders" you can create folders or allocate artefacts. Such a folder can
be structured according to your needs by inserting pages or other structural elements. In the editing mode you
can adapt your folder as required, e.g. by determining your display settings or moving structural elements and
artefacts via "Drag&Drop." Additionally you can comment on folder entries or assess them.
When copying accumulative folders you can choose between adopting only their structure or also their artefacts.
You can release your accumulative folder as follows:
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for one or more distinctive OLAT users
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for all OLAT users
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for one or more OLAT groups
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for one or more persons not registered in OLAT
If you opt for this last-mentioned option please use a release invitation. It is also possible to limit the access
to your folder temporarily if needed.
Within the menu item "My portfolio tasks" you will find portfolio tasks of OLAT courses. You can perform
those tasks (i.e. link required artefacts to that folder) before submitting them. In case you have already
performed those tasks you can still have a look at them.
If a course author restricts portfolio tasks you will have to abide by these rules.
Within the menu item "Released accumulative folders" you can see any folders you have access to. By changing
your view you will also be able to browse through folders released for all OLAT users.
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Full-Text Search
The box for the full-text search is at the top right of the status bar. The full-text search helps you to look for
search terms in the course or group content, in a forum or even in PDF and Word files. You can furthermore
look for users, portfolio folders, artefacts, and documents in any user folder. The only exceptions are private
folders since they will not be indexed.
You will only get search results of the course contents you have access to.
In order to search in more detail please use the advanced search. You will find it when clicking on the magnifier
icon next to the full-text search box. Select the option "Advanced search." You will be provided with a list of
search results that is linked to the learning content along with your search term. For more detailed information
regarding the search syntax please go to Apache Lucene.
Chat
In the OLAT Chat you can exchange messages with other OLAT users in real time.
Sending Messages
By clicking on those two digits (xx/xx) on the top right of the menu bar next to the Instant Messaging status
symbol (e.g. green star) a list will pop up. There you will see all members of your project group logged on at
that time. To start a chat you just have to click on the name of the one you would like to chat with.
If you want to chat with an OLAT user who is not a member of any of your groups you have to create
a project group first before inviting that user to join. Another option is to open a list in the footer with
all users logged on before clicking on a user name to start your chat.
Receiving messages
Messages can be received in two ways: In case the chat window is closed messages will appear as small blinking
letters on the left next to the star icon that can be found on the top right of the menu bar. When clicking on
that small letter a chat window will open containing your message. In case the chat window is already open,
all new messages will be displayed there.
Changing Your Status
By clicking on the star icon on the top right of the menu bar you can change your Instant Messaging status.
That way you can show other OLAT users if you would like to chat or not. While taking a test your status will
automatically show the status "Please do not disturb." Only after that test you will be able to chat again.
If you prefer to have a different status than "available" after your login you can adapt these settings
in your Home in the tab "Instant Messaging."
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Groups
In OLAT there are three different kinds of groups: project groups, learning groups and right groups. OLAT
users can see their groups in their Home, section "My groups" or whenever they open the tab "Groups" on the
top of the main navigation.
Project groups are meant for working in groups outside of OLAT courses. Each OLAT user can create project
groups on his own to invite any number of other OLAT users. Learning groups, however, are linked with courses
in OLAT and can only be created by course authors. Learning groups are used for enrolments or working in
groups within a certain course. Right groups help course authors to allocate rights to certain course participants
to grant access to course tools such as the course editor, for example.
This chapter further explains those different group types as well as their purpose of use.
Project Groups
Project groups are meant for collaborative work outside a course context, e.g. when writing a term paper in
groups, when preparing a presentation, when working jointly on some academic publication, or when planning
to communicate with other group members via forum or chat. All OLAT users can create project groups and
invite another OLAT user to join. Only group members will have access to that group; it is not public.
Creating Project Groups
The tab "Groups" on top in the main navigation is your starting point for creating a project group. In the tool
box "Create" on your right you have to click on "Project group" before giving your group a name. Save your
settings. Your project group will then appear on the list containing all groups in the tab "Groups" as well in
your Home, section "My groups."
Configuring Tools of Project Groups
Having created a project group you can now provide it with collaborative tools in the tab "Tools." If you want
to modify your configurations later on (e.g. deactivate some tools) you have to do this via the tab "Groups."
Click on that project group's title and open the menu item "Administration." In the tab "Tools" you can now
activate or deactivate collaborative tools.
In the tab "Tools" of the context-sensitive Help you will get more detailed information on available OLAT tools.
If the tool "Information" is activated and saved you will be able to edit the information meant for your group
members right beneath the list containing all tools. If you have activated and saved the calendar setting you
can configure the write permission regarding the group calendar.
Each tool can only be used once in a project group. It is therefore not possible to e.g. provide your
members with more than one folder.
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Managing Project Groups
In the tab "Members" you determine if members should see each other or not. Additionally you can add more
group owners that will hold the same rights as you do. This comprises the right to configure tools, to manage
members, or even to delete the whole group. Each group must have at least one owner.
How to add participants is explained in the section below. Participants can use collaborative tools and see each
other in the OLAT chat.
By clicking on the icon "Download table" (underneath the button "Add user") an Excel file will be created,
indicating owners and participants of your project group.
Access Control
In the tab "Publishing and booking configuration" you configure the access control for that specific project
group. If no booking method is selected, only those users defined in the "Members" tab gain access to the
project group.
Three different booking methods are available:
•
•
•
Access code: An access code is manually set by the owner of the project group, who then passes the
code on to authorized users. In order to open the project group, this code must be entered when opening
the group for the first time.
Freely available: A project group marked as freely available can be used without any restrictions. Using
this booking method adds users as participants to the group.
PayPal and Credit card (only available if unlocked by an administrator): The price for admission to the
project group is specified here. The group is subsequently booked by paying with either PayPal or credit
card.
You can add a validity period to each booking method. Once a booking method is configured, the project group
will be listed in the "Published groups and can thus be searched and booked by users.
Using Tools of Project Groups
As soon as the owner has provided the project group with tools group members will see the following items
in the group menu:
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Information
Group owners can edit this text.
Calendar
Group events should be managed via the group calendar. According to the configuration
you will hold the write permission or the permission to read only.
Members
Here you will see a list containing all group participants and/or its owners.
E-Mail
Send all group owners or participants an e-mail.
Folder
Exchange documents with other group members.
Forum
Here you can discuss with other group members.
Chat
You will see who else is present in the group chat. Enter the chat room to communicate
with others in real time.
Wiki
Use a Wiki to jointly create learning content.
Portfolio
Use a portfolio to jointly create an accumulative folder or add artefacts.
A Wiki is especially useful for recording group work and other projects, or for creating link collections.
When subscribing to a Wiki OLAT will notify you of any modifications.
Leaving or Deleting Project Groups
In the tab "Groups" on top in the main navigation you will see all groups you have enrolled in. There you can
leave a project group and delete all those groups you have created or have been nominated as co-owner.
Learning Groups and Learning Areas
Learning groups are always linked with courses. They are often used for the enrolment in a course, the
registration for an excursion, for assigning presentations, etc. Or you can use learning groups for granting write
permission to your course or single course elements or you can assign various tasks to course participants.
Learning groups can be combined to form one learning area.
Creating Learning Groups
Since learning groups are always linked to an OLAT course you have to create that course first. A relevant
guide can be found in the chapter "Creating Courses". There are two different ways to create learning groups:
1.
Via the group management: In the course view you will find the link "Group management" on the top
right. There you can generate new learning groups or learning areas. The group management also enables
you to edit existing groups, add new members, activate collaborative tools, or even delete groups.
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2.
Directly in the course editor: When configuring the registration element or when using the tabs
"Visibility" and "Access" you can create learning groups directly. However, it is not possible to add
members or to activate collaborative tools. This is what the group management is for.
Group Names
When creating groups please mind to choose appropriate group names. OLAT users will appreciate to
be able to draw conclusions from group names and the courses taken. You could e.g. select the name
"ParticipantsSocialPolicy" instead of just "Participants."
Number of Participants and Waiting List
When creating a learning group there is the option to limit the number of participants; you can determine how
many members your group should have. When activating a waiting list potential members can enter their names
on that list in case the limit is exceeded. If there are members leaving the group or if the course author cancels
some previous registrations persons on the waiting list will move up automatically if the option "Transfer
automatically" has been selected.
Creating Learning Areas and Allocating Learning Groups
In the course view you have to open the group management. By means of the tool box on your right you can
then create a new learning area before allocating single learning groups to this learning area. If a learning area
already exists you can use this one to allocate certain learning groups. All you have to do is editing the learning
group of your choice before selecting the corresponding learning area in the tab "Learning area."
Learning areas are suitable for using the same course element within a course in several learning groups
or if there are a lot of learning groups to choose from along with only one single registration element.
Learning areas spare you the selection of each single learning group.
You select learning areas in the course editor by means of the course element "Enrolment." All learning groups
within a learning area will then be offered when registering. Additionally you can choose from learning areas
in the tabs "Visibility" or "Access" if the option "Depending on groups" is activated.
Configuring Tools of Learning Groups
After creating a learning group you can provide it with collaborative tools in the tab "Tools." If you want to
modify your configuration later on (e.g. if you want to deactivate some tools) you start with selecting the group
management in your course view. Then choose "All learning groups" and click on the link "Edit" right next
to the corresponding learning group. Alternatively you can start with selecting the link "Administration" in
the menu on your left.
In the tab "Tools" of the context-sensitive Help you will get more information on all available OLAT tools.
If the tool "Information" is activated and saved you will be able to edit the information meant for your group
members right beneath the list containing all tools. If you have activated and saved the calendar setting you
can configure the write permission regarding the group calendar.
Each group can only be provided with one tool of the same type. If you want to work with more than
one forum or Wiki or if you want to provide documents in more than one folder it is better to use
course elements instead. You should configure these elements to be only visible or accessible to one
specific learning group.
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Managing Members of Learning Groups
There are two different ways to allocate members to a learning group:
1.
2.
Course participants enroll on their own.
The course owner allocates participants to corresponding learning groups.
The first option is suitable for courses with many participants, for participants you do not know yet or for
participants who should decide on their own in which learning group they want to register (e.g. when assigning
tasks to be performed in groups). This option is activated by means of the course element "Enrolment." When
configuring your course please determine in which learning group(s) your participants should be able to register.
The second option is suitable for participants you already know in which learning groups they belong and if
you want to make sure that only those will be able to register who qualify for your learning groups.
In the course view please open the group management if you plan to add any members. Then select "All learning
groups" on your left and click on the link "Edit" right next to the group name. In the tab "Members" you then
add group members either as tutors or participants:
•
•
Tutors: They can appoint or delete members as well as provide learning groups with collaborative tools.
In addition they have access to the assessment tool. Being the course author you do not have to be
appointed as tutor; you already hold course owner rights incl. all rights a tutor will have.
Participants: They can use collaborative tools of a group.
The classic role of a tutor can be represented in OLAT by means of those tutor rights mentioned above.
When clicking on the icon "Download table" (underneath the button "Add users") an Excel file containing all
owners or participants of a learning group will be generated.
Using Learning Group Tools
After enrolling in a learning group you will see the box "My learning groups" on your right in the course view.
As soon as the learning group tutor has activated some group tools, group members will see the same menu
items described earlier in the section project group.
Additional Features in the Group Management
In the course view please open the group management. The course author has then the possibility to download
one or more Excel files containing data regarding members of learning groups or learning areas. Please select
the appropriate link in the tool box "Create lists" and follow the instructions.
When editing a group there will be further features at your disposal (at your right, in the bottom tool box) such
as sending an e-mail to all members.
Copying learning groups (even more than one time) will spare you the configuration of collaborative
tools if those are identical in all of your groups.
Leaving or Deleting Learning Groups
In the tab "Groups" of the main navigation at the top you will see all of your groups. Just click on the group
name you want to leave. Then select the menu item "Course" before clicking on "Start" on your right. Choose
the one registration element of the group you have enrolled in and select "Delist."
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Perhaps your course author has already closed the course or does not allow you to delist on your own. In this
case you have to contact the course author and ask for assistance.
Only course authors can delete learning groups. After examining all learning groups in the group management
just select the link "Delete" right next to the relevant group. You can delete learning areas in the view "All
learning areas."
Right Groups
Course authors can assign rights to other OLAT users regarding their course; all they have to do is invite those
users to join their right group. Similar to learning groups such right groups are linked with a specific course.
Right groups are suitable if you do not want to appoint an OLAT user as course owner (co-author) but
nevertheless want him to hold certain rights (e.g. permission to use the group management, the course
editor or the assessment tool).
Creating Right Groups
In the course view please open the rights management, top right. Then create a new right group before giving
it a name. Finally save your settings.
Configuring Tools of Right Groups
After creating a right group you can provide it with collaborative tools in the tab "Tools." If you want to modify
your configuration later on (e.g. if you prefer to deactivate some tools) please go to the rights management and
select "All right groups;" then click on the link "Edit" right next to the corresponding right group.
In the tab "Tools" of the context-sensitive Help all available OLAT tools will be explained in more detail.
Configuring Authorizations of Right Groups
In the tab "Authorizations" you determine the rights your group members should have.
•
•
•
•
•
Group management: Members are allowed to use the group management of their course and do what a
course author is permitted to do.
Course editor: Members are allowed to use the course editor along with all its features.
Data archiving: Members have access to data archiving, i.e. they are allowed to archive course data such
as forums, etc.
Assessment tool: Members can assess and comment on the progress of course participants by means of
the assessment tool.
Glossary tool: Members are permitted to administer the glossary.
Managing Members of Right Groups
In the tab "Members" you determine if members should see other group members or not. How to add members
is explained in the section below. It does not matter which role a member holds, i.e. you can grant ordinary
users (without any author rights) access to OLAT tools. Members of a right group will hold those rights you
have configured beforehand in order to be able to use all collaborative tools.
When clicking on the icon "Download table" (underneath the button "Add users") an Excel file will be generated
containing all members of your right group.
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Using Tools of Right Groups
After activating all tools of a right group, group participants will see the same menu items as described in the
section project group .
Leaving and Deleting Right Groups
Participants of right groups cannot leave such a group on their own; they will have to ask the course author
to delist them.
The owner of a right group can delete such a group by clicking on the link "Delete" in the right management,
next to the relevant group.
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Learning Resources
The core of OLAT are its learning resources. The term learning resources is used for filing learning content on
the one hand (via the tab "Learning resources") and for the learning content stored there on the other hand (e.g.
courses, tests, Wikis, etc.). This chapter introduces you to various types of learning resources and explains how
to search for such resources. First this will be exemplified from the point of view of an ordinary OLAT user
without author rights; then from the point of view of an OLAT user with such rights.
Each learning resource will be explained in the detailed view by means of metadata. These metadata give
further information on e.g. who has access to learning content. The owner of a learning resource can modify
the name of his learning resource, its description or access as well as add other owners.
Various Types of Learning Resources
OLAT comprises eleven different types of learning resources. With the exception of courses they have in
common that they can be embedded into one or more courses.
Course
An OLAT course can accompany lectures, seminars or tutorials and represent diverse didactic concepts such
as group puzzles or problem-based learning. OLAT courses are unique document types. They can contain
any number of course elements. How to work with those different course elements will be explained in the
chapter "Learning Activities in Courses" in more detail. How to create courses will be illustrated in the chapter
"Creating Courses". More information on course elements and the course editor can be found in the chapter
"Course Elements and Course Editor".
CP Learning Content
Content Packaging (abbr.: CP) is a kind of learning content in standardized e-learning format. The specification
of this format also comes from IMS. OLAT supports the IMS CP version 1.1.2. CPs are suitable for being
either used in OLAT courses or outside of it. OLAT supports this format; therefore learning content cannot
only be used in OLAT but in other LMS as well. Further information on generating Content Packaging can be
found in the chapter "Creating CP Learning Content".
SCORM Learning Content
Another standardized e-learning format supported by OLAT is the SCORM format (version 1.2). SCORM
is short for "Sharable Content Object Reference Model" and a reference model for exchangeable electronic
learning content of the "Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative" (ADL).
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SCORM learning content is suitable for courses within OLAT as well as courses outside. OLAT supports this
format; therefore your learning content can be applied not only in OLAT but also in other LMS.
Wiki
Wikis are particularly suited for creating content jointly in an easy way. A Wiki can be used for working in
groups, as documentation tool or as knowledge base for your studies and projects.
For more information on how to create Wikis and embed those in your course please go to the chapter "Creating
Wikis". How to generate content within a Wiki will be explained in the chapter "Learning Activities Within
a Course," section "Wiki".
Podcast
A podcast allows you to upload audio or video files that can later be made available in OLAT. Podcasts can
either be accessed directly in OLAT or they can be subscribed via online services such as iTunes in order
to copy single episodes to mobile devices later on. Your course participants will be able to easily assess or
comment on such podcast episodes.
Information on how to create and embed podcasts in your course can be found in the chapter "Creating
Podcasts". Further details on how to use podcasts as course participant will be explained in the chapter
"Learning Activities in Courses," section "Podcast".
Blog
In a blog you can easily publish or update personal as well as professional information. Blogs are often used as
a kind of diary or journal. Course participants will be able to comfortably assess or comment on blog entries.
Information on how to create and embed a blog in your course will be found in the chapter "Creating Blogs".
Further details on how to use blogs as course participant will be explained in the chapter "Learning Activities
in Courses," section "Blog".
Portfolio Template
A portfolio task is a means to specifically document learning results as well as learning processes. Course
participants can perform portfolio tasks before being assessed.
Information on how to create a portfolio template and how to embed portfolio tasks in your course can be found
in the chapter "Creating Portfolio Tasks". How to perform such portfolio tasks can be learned in the chapter
"Learning Activities in Courses," section "Portfolio task".
Test
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Tests can be used for examinations or exercises in general. In the first case course authors can see all test results
along with corresponding test participants; in the second case all results are saved anonymously.
Each test exists in a standardized file format, the so-called IMSQTI format. IMS deals with the development of
open standards in e-learning. QTI means "Question & Test Interoperability" and is a predefined standardized
format used for generating tests and questionnaires online. The QTI format is also suitable for storing test
results. OLAT supports this format; therefore learning content cannot only be used in OLAT but in other LMS
as well.
More information on using and creating tests can be found in the chapter "Creating Tests and Questionnaires".
Questionnaires
A questionnaire is generally used for data collection, e.g. for the evaluation of an event. Each course participant
can fill in a questionnaire only once. Results will be stored anonymously. Questionnaires as well as tests exist
in the standardized IMS QTI format. For more information on how to create and use questionnaires please go
to the chapter "Creating Tests and Questionnaires".
Resource Folder
In a resource folder you can store various documents to be used in several courses, e.g. rules regarding the
forum that are valid in different courses of one series. A HTML page containing those rules is stored in the
resource folder and referenced by several courses.
More information on how to create resource folders and use them in a course can be found in the chapter
"Creating Courses," section "Resource Folder".
Glossary
In the glossary terms will be defined. As soon as those terms are used within learning content a student will
see their explanation. Additionally you can get a list of all terms and definitions in a printable version.
More information on how to create a glossary and embed it into your course can be found in chapter "Course
Operation," section "Glossary". How to use your glossary within a course will be explained in the chapter
"Learning Activities in Courses," section "Glossary".
How to Find Learning Resources (OLAT User without Author Rights)
In the main navigation just click on the top tab "Learning resources." Then there are several possibilities to
search for learning resources:
Catalog
In the catalog course authors can range their learning resources hierarchically, similar to a college or university
catalog. Just navigate through its categories to find the learning content you are looking for.
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Use the search mask in case you should not find the appropriate course in the catalog. It may be that
the course author has not yet listed that course in the OLAT catalog.
Search Mask
The search mask helps you to find all learning resources you have access to. You can look for titles, authors
or descriptions.
You should limit your search to certain types of learning resources to avoid too many useless hits.
Courses (Alphabetical List)
Here you will see all courses you have access to in alphabetical order. In addition you will find data regarding
authors and access codes of courses.
It is advisable to set a bookmark after having found and opened your course in learning resources. The
corresponding link will then be on your right in the box "Learning resource" in the detailed view as
well as in the box "General" in your course view. When attending that course the next time you do not
have to do this via learning resources. Just use your bookmark in your Home.
How to Find Learning Resources (OLAT Users with Author Rights)
In addition to the menu items "Catalog," "Search Mask," and "Courses" you can dispose of other possibilities
to look for learning resources have author rights. If you do not see those additional menu items please turn to
your support team to apply for author rights first.
My Entries
Here you can see all learning resources you have created or you have been appointed as owner (co-author).
"My entries" is your starting point when editing those learning resources you have not published yet. You will
directly get to this view by selecting the tab "Learning resources."
Further Possibilities
Beneath the menu item "Courses" there are further options to see your learning resources ordered by type.
Actions in the Tab 'Learning Resources'
If you hold author rights you will find two tool boxes on your right: "Import" and "Create."
Import
Learning resources generated outside of OLAT can be imported if they have a format that is compatible.
Suitable formats have been commented on in the section "Various Types of Learning Resources".
You can import into learning resources either from your computer or from your personal folder in OLAT. In
your tool box just select the type of learning resources you want to add and follow the instructions. If you want
to import an entire course you will be asked if you want to import its referenced learning resources (e.g. a Wiki
or a test) as well. Click OK if you want to do this.
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Create
You can create courses in the course editor (in unique OLAT format). Tests and questionnaires (IMS QTI
format 1.2) can be generated in the test editor; CP learning content can be generated in the IMS CP editor.
Additionally it is possible to create resource folders, Wikis, glossaries, blogs or podcasts. Wikis, blogs, podcasts
and CPs can either be created in the tab "Learning resources" or within the course editor in case you want to
embed your learning resource in that course.
How to use various editors will be further explained in the chapters "Creating Courses", "Creating CP Learning
Content", "Creating Wikis", "Creating Podcasts", "Creating Blogs", "Creating Portfolio Tasks", and "Creating
Tests and Questionnaires".
Detailed View of Learning Resources
There is a detailed view to each type of learning resource referred to in "Various Types of Learning Resources".
Learning resources are listed there along with their metadata (data describing that resource). Additionally you
can dispose of further actions depending on your access authorization as well as on that resource's type.
You will get to the detailed view of a learning resource by clicking on the title of that learning resource in the
list or by selecting the link "Detailed view" in the tool box "General" within your course.
Meta data
On top detailed view is the description of your learning resource. In the following section you will get further
information.
By means of an external link your course participants can get to your course directly after logging in.
In addition you will get further information on actions other OLAT authors are allowed to do. As author or
owner of a learning resource you will get a list of owners in the drop-down menu "Additional information"
along with a summary of settings and information on how to use that learning resource.
Show Content
By means of the button or the link "Show content" you will get to the course view. As owner of a learning
resource you can determine in the section "Modify settings" if your course may be displayed.
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Export Content
Export your learning resource as ZIP file. Tests, questionnaires, CP and SCORM learning content can be
imported into other LMS supporting the same standard. Courses, Wikis and glossaries can be imported into
other OLAT installations. As owner of a learning resource you can determine in the section "Modify settings"
if content may be exported.
Set Bookmark
It is possible to mark your learning resource by means of a bookmark to quickly find it in your Home's
bookmarks.
Edit Content
If your learning resources can be edited (e.g. courses, glossaries, CPs, blogs, podcasts, tests or questionnaires)
this link will get you to the corresponding editor.
Modify Description
Here you can modify the learning resource's title, its description as well as its picture. This will be the title your
learning resource will then appear with in the course list or in queries via the search mask.
If you modify your learning resource's title here this does not imply that it will also be updated in
bookmarks, catalogs, editors or in the course view. Therefore you should not forget to adapt that title
in your Home, section "Bookmarks," as well as in the catalog and the course editor.
Modify Settings
Here you can determine general settings of your learning resource as well as its assignment of user rights, e.g.
if exporting your learning resource should be allowed or not.
A learning resource newly created is only accessible for its owner. There are four categories of OLAT users
you can grant access rights:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Only owners of that learning resource: All owners (co-authors) hold the same rights as the author, i.e.
they can edit, copy, delete that learning resource as well as assign these rights to other OLAT users.
Owners and other OLAT authors: You enable other authors to have a look at your course before
publication. Authors cannot edit or delete your learning resource, nor appoint new owners. It is only
possible to copy or export your resource if an owner has granted that option.
All registered OLAT users: OLAT users will be able to find your learning resource via the search mask
or in the course list. This setting is mandatory if you want your course to be open for participants.
Registered OLAT users and guests: Even via the guest access you can search for learning resources.
Guests will hold limited access to your course, i.e. they will not be able to enroll in groups, nor contribute
to forums, nor perform a task, etc.
Members only (owners, coaches, participants): If you chose this option, only participants may open the
learning resource. The learning resource is invisible to all non-participants. Participants must be added
by the owner and cannot enrol themselves any longer. Administrators identify learning resources with
this special set of rights by the lock icon.
These settings in OLAT courses allow you further to determine the use of additional features (course chat,
glossary, course calendar, resource folder, etc.). For more information please go to the section "Using
Additional Course Features".
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Add to Catalog
As soon as a learning resource has been activated it can be inserted in the catalog via the detailed view. Just
select the category your learning resource should be related to. Learning resources can be inserted more than
once at different spots in your catalog. All categories selected will be displayed in the detailed view, section
"Catalog entry." Here you can delete them as well.
Close
The function "Close" will change a course's status to "Closed" (only available in the detailed view of courses).
This way you inform course participants that your course will no longer be edited or updated. The course's
configuration (course settings, access or visibility rules) will not be affected. All users holding access rights
will still be able to access the course content according to their individual rights, however, only as long as you
do not sign them out of their groups (tutors as well as participants).
By clicking on "Close" you can determine in several steps if catalog entries of your course shall be deleted,
if tutors and participants shall be signed out of learning and right groups in your course, and if tutors and
participants shall be notified of your actions by e-mail.
Changing the course status cannot be reversed.
Copy
Learning resources can be copied; therefore it is possible e.g. to use an old course structure for your next course.
When copying a course its structure, folder content, its HTML pages and group names (but not the members)
will be adopted. User data such as forum entries, group members, etc. not. As owner of a learning resource
you can determine (section "Modify settings") if your learning resource can be copied by other OLAT authors
as well.
Delete
Only learning resource owners have the permission to delete that resource. A learning resource can only be
deleted if it is not used within a course at that moment. When deleting imbedded learning resources (e.g. in a
test) you will get a message indicating the relevant course. First you have to delete the course element "Test"
in that course to be able to delete that test in learning resources.
When deleting a course its user data (e.g. test results) will not be deleted but archived as Excel file
in your personal folder.
Manage owners
As author of a learning resource you can appoint other OLAT users as owners (co-authors) of your learning
resource. These owners will hold the same rights you do.
Use right groups if you do not want others to have all of your rights to that course. It is possible to
grant only certain privileges, e.g. using the course editor.
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Learning Activities in Courses
In this chapter learning activities within a course will be explained from the participant's point of view. Here
you will get information on working with course elements or using additional course features. Frequent sources
of errors and error reports will be commented on.
In the section "How to Find Learning Resources (OLAT user)" you have already gotten information on how
to find an OLAT course. Please select from your search results the link in "Title of learning resource" to get
to the course view.
Set a bookmark. On your right you will find the corresponding link in the box "Learning resources" in
the detailed view as well as in the box "General" in your course view. When opening that course for the
next time you do not have to go to learning resources first; just use the course bookmark in your Home.
Working With Course Elements
In the following you will get a list containing the most important course elements you can use for your course.
Perhaps you want to use several course elements of the same type or you want to use other terms for that
elements. For your orientation please refer to the icons to recognize the element's type.
Enrolment
In many courses you have to enroll first. There are one or more groups to choose from. Select the link
"Enrolment" to become a member of a group. Per registration element only one group enrolment is allowed.
Such an enrolment is followed by the appearance of the box "My learning group" on your right.
Perhaps the number of members is limited per group. If there are no more vacancies you can have the possibility
to put your name on a waiting list depending on the course configuration. You will automatically move up as
soon as a group member leaves that group for good.
Most of the time you can delist from a group you have registered before. If this is not the case the course
author has not permitted to delist oneself; you will have to contact that author if you do not plan to participate
any longer.
Forum
The forum is used most of the time for exchanging information among course participants or for contacting
the course author.
Upload a photo in your Home, section "Settings" in the tab "Profile." Instead of a standardized image
your personal photo will then appear next to your forum entries.
Opening a Topic
If you want to write a new message in your forum just select "Open new topic." Title and contribution are
mandatory. You can also attach a file. It is possible to edit or even delete your message later on--provided that
no one has already sent a reply to your message.
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Answering Forum Contributions
If you want to reply to an existing message in a forum just open its topics by clicking on its title. Then select
"Reply with quotation" if you want the original message to appear underneath your contribution. Select "Reply
without quotation" if you only want your message to appear. You can attach a file as well. It is possible to edit
or even delete your contribution later on.
Mark Forum Message
Forum messages can be marked with a flag. In order to do that, click on the little flag in the right upper corner
of a message. The topic overview shows the number of marked messages per topic.
Moderating a Forum
When having the permission to moderate a forum you will learn more about additional options in the chapter
"Course Elements and Course Editor," section "Forum".
Archiving a Forum
When archiving a forum any contributions will be zipped along with their attachments before storing them in
your personal folder.
Subscribing to a Forum
In order to be kept informed on new forum entries you should select "Subscribe" in the overview of topics.
Modifications will get to you by e-mail or you will see them in your Home, section "My notifications."
File Dialog
In the file dialog course participants can discuss a certain document, e.g. the draft of a seminar paper, a picture
or a concept. There is a forum to each uploaded document.
Uploading Files
Select "Upload file" to transfer your own file. In order to have a look at that file just click on the file's name.
It will open in a new window. If it is not possible to upload files it may be that your course author has not
provided you with the right to do so.
Files uploaded by mistake can only be deleted by the course author.
Opening Topics and Answering Forum Contributions
In order to take part in discussions just click on the link "Show" next to the file name. Now it is possible to
open new topics or to reply to contributions as stated in the section "Forum".
Subscribing to File Dialogs
To be kept informed on new documents in file dialogs just click on "Subscribe" on the overview page. You
can also subscribe to each dialog and its corresponding document. Modifications will get to you by e-mail or
you will see them in your Home, section "My notifications."
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Test
A test is meant for efficiency controls within a course. Its result will be stored and the course author is able
to assign it to the corresponding person.
Click on "Start" to begin with the test. According to its configuration you may pause and continue later on.
It depends on the test's settings if you can cancel it without storing any results achieved so far. Finally click
"Finish test" to save your results. All these options are available in the form of buttons on your top right.
The course author decides how often you may take that test and how often you may try each single question.
According to the configuration of the test it is allowed to use the navigation or not. If not, you will have to
respond to one question after the other.
It is also the course author who determines when and how detailed you will get your test results.
When finishing or cancelling your test you should click on the button "Close" on the upper right to get back
to that test's homepage.
Self-test
Contrary to tests, results of self-tests will be stored anonymously. Self-tests are suitable for practicing and can
be taken as often as you like.
Click "Start" to begin with your self-test. Similar to tests it is the course author who determines the self-test's
configuration.
When finishing or cancelling your self-test you should click on the button "Close" on the upper right to get
back to that test's homepage.
Questionnaire
Questionnaires are used for evaluations or opinion polls. Each questionnaire can only be filled in once. Its
results will be stored anonymously.
Click on "Start" to begin with your questionnaire. Similar to tests it is the course author who determines the
questionnaire's configuration.
When cancelling your questionnaire you should click on the button "Close" on your upper right to get back
to that questionnaire's homepage.
Wiki
Wikis are suitable for easily creating joint content. Each Wiki has a homepage, the so-called index, a Wiki
navigation, as well as the tabs "Article," "Discussion," "Edit page," and "Versions/authors" on top of its content.
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Wiki Navigation
In the Wiki navigation on your left you can start searching for a specific term in the section "Search." If there
are no hits you can extend your search to your course or to OLAT as well. In the section "Navigation" you will
find pre-set links. Owners of Wikis (most of the time these are course authors) are able to adapt the section
"Wiki menu" and add their own links. In the section "Progress" you will see those five Wiki pages you have
visited last. So you can easily get back to a previously visited page.
By means of the link "From A-Z" you will get to the table of contents of all Wiki pages. At a glance
you will know what already exists.
Modifying the Content of a Wiki Page
In order to add content you have to navigate to the relevant page and activate the editing mode via the tab "Edit
page." In the tool bar of your Wiki there are various formatting options at your disposal. It is also possible to
include pictures, media links, mathematical formulas, internal or external links. These options as well as the
Wiki syntax will be further explained in the context-sensitive Help.
In order to add a file you have to upload it first via the drop-down menu "Upload file" at the bottom of your
page. Navigate to the relevant position on the Wiki page. Then select your file via "Insert file" and click "Save."
Links to other Wiki pages will be set by means of the button "Insert link."
Creating and Deleting Wiki Pages
The easiest way to create a new page is to search for a page title in the navigation via the search mask; click
"Search" and open the red link. Another possibility is to create a link to your new page directly from an existing
page. For that purpose please use the following Wiki syntax: Two opening squared brackets, page title, two
closing squared brackets. Example: [[link name]].
Articles written on your own can be deleted in the tab "Edit page."
When deleting a page all its versions will be deleted as well. It is therefore not possible to restore
deleted pages.
Viewing Versions
In the tab "Versions/authors" you can retrace who has modified a page, how and when exactly. Contact the Wiki
owner (often the course owner) if content has been deleted. Only he will be able to restore an earlier version.
Subscribing Wikis
Subscribe to a Wiki to be kept informed on modifications. You will be notified by e-mail or in your Home,
section "My notifications." You will be told which pages have been modified. A list with the latest amendments
can also be found in the Wiki navigation.
Exporting Wikis
In the section "Tools" you can export your Wiki by means of the link "Export as CP" in order to archive a snapshot of the entire Wiki content in your personal folder.
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Your Wiki will be exported as IMS Content Packaging. It is only possible to import it as CP learning
resource (authors) or to take a look at it offline. Importing it as Wiki is not an option. If you want to
import a file as Wiki you have to export it first from learning resources (detailed view).
Podcast
A podcast provides information in the form of audio or video files. These so-called episodes can either be
accessed directly in OLAT or they can be subscribed to before being uploaded by means of online services
such as iTunes. After that you can copy them to your mobile device.
In order to create new episodes you have to be authorized by a course author. Each OLAT user has the right
to comment on episodes and to assess them by means of 1 - 5 stars. In order to write a comment or read other
comments you should click on the link "Comments."
Subscribe to the RSS Feed of your podcast if you do not want to miss any new episodes.
Blog
Similar to a podcast a blog serves to provide new content. You can include text as well as pictures or movies
in your contributions.
Each OLAT user has the right to assess or comment on blog entries. Such entries can be assessed by means
of 1 - 5 stars. It is also possible to see assessments of other blog readers. In order to write a comment or read
other entries you should click on the link "Comments."
Blog entries can only be created if a course author has provided his authorization. Just click on "Create new
entries" to write a new blog entry. You can either publish this entry directly, determine a date for its publication
or save your entry as a draft.
Subscribe the RSS Feed of your blog if you do not want to miss any new entries.
Folder
In folders courseware is stored. In general only course authors are allowed to upload files; course participants
can only read files stored in folders. Subscribe to a folder to be notified in the case of new documents.
Modifications are sent to you by e-mail or can be found in your Home, section "My notifications."
If course participants are also allowed to upload files they will find a corresponding link on their top right. In
order to store those files in a structured way it is possible to create subfolders. If you are allowed to upload
files you will also be able to delete files in folders. If you want to prevent others from deleting your files you
should click on the icon "Meta data" in the tab containing all files in folders before locking your file.
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If you want to upload many files at once there are two options at your disposal. First you can zip your
files on your computer, then upload those ZIP files before unzipping them in the OLAT folder. ZIP
files can also be used to download several files at once. Just create a ZIP file in the OLAT folder before
uploading it to your computer. The second option is the access via the OLAT network drive. For further
information please go to the chapter "Supported Technologies," section "WebDAV".
Assessment
The assessment feature is suitable for evaluating achievements not handed in electronically. The course author
or tutor can assess a presentation with passed/failed, a score or with an individual comment.
Tasks
By means of the course element "Task" you can provide exercises to be handed in electronically before being
assessed by a tutor. It may be that you cannot see all the sections mentioned below since it is not necessary
to use all features for a task.
Downloading an Assigned Task
According to your configuration there are one or more tasks of your choice at your disposal in the section
"Assignment" or a task will be assigned to you automatically. If the title of a task file is linked along with
several tasks it is possible to first have a look at a task before selecting it. If there is only the link "Select" it
is not possible to have a look at it first. If a task has been selected or assigned automatically click on "View
task" to see it on display.
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Uploading Solutions to the Drop Box
If you have performed a task and saved it on your computer or in your personal folder you can transfer it to
the drop box. You will then get an acknowledgment of receipt. In the section "Drop box" you can see how
many files you have already handed in. You can hand in as many files as you want but it is not possible to
delete those files later on.
Downloading Solutions and Comments from the Return Box
In the return box you will find those files your tutor has returned. Any comments can be seen either in the
section "Assessment" at the bottom or directly within your file.
Viewing Sample Solutions
It is possible to add a sample solution to your task; the course author can determine when that sample solution
will be visible. Just click on the file name to download a sample solution.
Reading Tutor Assessments
Assessments can vary. You can assess by means of passed/failed, by means of a score or by means of an
individual comment.
Portfolio Task
By means of the course element "Portfolio task" you can collect tasks allocated by course authors before
documenting and reflecting on your learning progress.
Just click on "Collect portfolio task" to have a look at that task before embedding required artefacts into
predefined folders. If a course author does not set any limitations you will be able to configure your folder as
you like. It may be that the author has defined a certain deadline that should be kept in mind.
After collecting your portfolio tasks you will find them in your Home, section "ePortfolio," "My
portfolio tasks."
In order to submit your solutions just click on "Submit task." After handing in your task a course author or
tutor will be able to assess you.
Topic Assignment
In the topic assignment topic authors provide others with topics e.g. for writing term papers. Depending on
your configuration you can either select one or more topics, upload files and look at files returned to you by
the topic authors. Perhaps you will not be able to see all the sections mentioned below since in your topic
assignment not all features are active.
If you are authorized by the course author to act as topic author you can announce a topic. For further
information on accepting and supervising participants please go to the chapter "Course Elements and
Course Editor," section "Topic author".
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Selecting Topics
As course participant you will see any announced topics in a table. When clicking on that topic's title you will
get further details regarding dates or links to files attached. Depending on your configuration you can choose
between one or more topics. The course author is the first to determine if your selection should be accepted or
if the person in charge has to accept your application as a start. As soon as your selection is definite you will
see a corresponding entry in the table. On your top right you will find a link to your learning group with the
title of your topic. If the person in charge has accepted your application it will no longer be possible for you to
sign out; in that case you have to ask the person in charge to do that for you.
Uploading Files to the Drop Box
Click on the topic's title. In the tab "Folder" you will find the drop box. Depending on your configuration you
will only be able to upload files within a certain period of time since there is a deadline to meet. For further
information on deadlines please go to the tab "Description."
Downloading Files from the Return Box
In the tab "Folder" you will find files in the section "Return box" the topic author has returned to you.
E-mail
By means of an e-mail you can get in touch with your course author. Just fill in the field "Subject" and
"Message" before sending your e-mail via OLAT.
Calendar
The course element "Calendar" offers an alternative view on the course calendar that can be selected on your
right in the box "General." A course author can predefine a date for your calendar view, e.g. a particular week,
and appoint a time for certain events during that week.
Additional Course Features
Within a course there are a number of additional course features at your disposal the course author can activate
or deactivate according to his needs.
Course Calendar
A course author can embed a course calendar to administer events and dates regarding his course. The link to
such a course calendar can be found at your right in the box "General." The calendar will open in a new window.
Only course authors are allowed to add events to the course calendar. Click on the button "Add to personal
calendar" so that your deadlines will show in your personal calendar. Just select the course calendar from your
personal calendar list.
By means of the icon iCal in the calendar list section you can integrate your course calendar into other
calendars.
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Glossary
If your course author uses a glossary in your course you will see its link on your right in the box "General."
The glossary will open in a new window. If you want to use it within your course activate that glossary in the
tab "General." If a term from the glossary is used e.g. in a Wiki its definition will be displayed when moving
your cursor over that term.
If you follow the link to the glossary you can print the relevant page along with all glossary entries.
Notes
It is possible at any time to make notes to an OLAT course. On your right in the box "General" you will find
a link to personal notes.
These notes can later be edited in your course or in your Home, section "Notes".
Evidence of Achievement
An evidence of achievement is a confirmation of an existing efficiency control, e.g. taken tests or assessed tasks.
If a course author has activated the evidence of achievement option, if there are assessable course elements,
if you have already taken a test and if that test has been assessed you can see on your right the box "General"
along with your evidence of achievement.
All your evidences of achievement will be listed in your Home, section "Evidence of achievement". It always
opens in a new window and is printable.
Course Chat
If the course author has activated the course chat you will see in the box "General" a link to the chat room; you
can enter any time. Just click on "Connect to course chat" before clicking on "Enter course chat." At first you
will always be anonymous. Above the text field there is the possibility to put your user name on display.
General chat features will be further explained in the section "Chat".
Course Problems and Error Messages
If you cannot open a course or single course elements it may be that the course author has not given you the
relevant rights or the course is being updated at that very moment.
Course Authorization
Given the case that you have just found an interesting course in learning resources and want to get to the course
view. If you are notified that you do not have enough rights to launch that course this means that the course is
restricted to a certain learning group or to a certain period of time.
Perhaps you have been able to launch a course but later on you get an error message telling you that its
authorization has been changed. This means that the course author has restricted the access in the meantime
or closed that course.
In both cases please contact the course author to grant you access.
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Authorization Regarding Course Elements
Perhaps not the entire content of a course is visible or you have no access to certain course elements. This
means that the course author grants only particular learning groups access/visibility to that element or only
for a certain period of time.
Contact the course author to explain why you do not have enough rights.
Course Modifications
When working on a course and getting the message that the course has been modified, the course author has
just updated that course in the meantime. Click on the button "Close course and restart" to get to the updated
course version.
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Creating Courses
This chapter is meant for course authors and tells you how to create your own course. There are two possibilities
to create and publish your course in no time. You can either work with the Wizard to create courses or use
the course editor and follow our step-by-step guide. In addition you will find information on advanced course
settings. Further details regarding course elements and editor can be found in the chapter"Course Elements
and Course Editor".
General Information
OLAT courses can represent lectures, seminars, group puzzles or problem-based learning. A maximum of
flexibility is guaranteed by using any number of course elements in any order of your choice; therefore it is
easy to realize your didactic concept.
Requirements
You have a certain didactic concept in mind and know what your course participants' learning target is. You
have already adapted your learning content to be used on a learning platform in electronic format (HTML
pages, Word files, CPs, etc.).
Now you can apply for author rights at your OLAT support team and get started!
Just a Few Clicks and the Course Wizard Will Create Your OLAT Course
There is a new Wizard to help you create courses. This Wizard is meant for course authors who prefer to
use only the most popular course elements in OLAT without having to deal with the entire range of features
available in the course editor.
By selecting "Course" in the tool box "Create" inside the tab "Learning resources" you will get to this course
Wizard. Just indicate title and description, click on "Next" after saving your settings. Then select "Create basic
course with Wizard." Just follow the instructions to have your course created.
Your course can now be found in the tab "Learning resources," section "My entries" where you can edit it
anytime within the course editor.
In Six Steps to Your Course With the Course Editor
If you would like to get to know how to use the course editor the following chapter will provide you with useful
information. Having reached the end of our illustrated guide you will have created a course similar to the one
created with the Wizard. However, in contrast to the Wizard you will have made yourself familiar with the
features of the course editor and will therefore be able to edit courses or create more complex ones later on.
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Step 1: Start course editor
1 Open the tab "Learning resources" in
the main navigation.
2 Select "Course" in the tool box
"Create" on your right.
3 Insert title and description and save
your settings.
4 Click on the button "Next".
5 Start course editor.
Step 2: Insert welcome page
1 Select "Single page" in the tool box
"Insert course elements" on your
right and paste it at a position of your
choice.
2 Indicate a short title in the tab "Title
and description" and save your settings.
3 In the tab "Page content" click on
"Select or create page".
4 Indicate the file name of the HTML
page to be created (e.g. "welcome")
and click on "Create".
5 Write a welcome message.
6 Click on "Save and close".
Step 3: Insert folder for courseware before uploading documents from your computer
1 Select "Folder" in the tool box "Insert course elements" on your right and paste it at a position of your
choice.
2 Indicate a short title in the tab "Title and description" and save your settings.
3 Click on "Open folder" in the tab "Folder configuration".
4 Select the link "Upload file."
5 Search for a document on your own computer and click "Upload".
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Step 4: Insert discussion forum
1 Select "Forum" in the tool box "Insert course elements" on your right and paste it at a position of your
choice.
2 Indicate a short title in the tab "Title and description" and save your settings.
Step 5: Publish and activate your course
1 Select "Publish" in the tool box "Editor
tools" on your right.
2 Click on those course elements you
want to publish.
3 Click "Next".
4 Select "All registered OLAT users"
in the pull-down menu, section
"Modification of course access".
5 Click "Finish".
6 Select "Close editor" in the box "Editor
tools."
Now your course is visible for OLAT users and can be used.
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Step 6: Integrate course in the catalog (so that course participants can get faster access)
1 Open the tab "Learning resources".
2 In the menu on your left click on
"Catalog".
3 Navigate to a suitable category.
4 In that category select "Learning
resource" in the tool box "Add".
5 Search for your course and click on the
link "Select".
6 Optional: Adapt title and description by
means of the link "Edit".
7 Save your settings.
Your course is now available in the catalog and course participants can find it in the corresponding category.
Additional Settings in the Detailed View
In the detailed view of a course you can modify your course description or other settings; you can activate
additional course features and appoint other course owners.
Display of Detailed View
There are two possibilities to get to the detailed view. To change from a course to the detailed view you have
to select the link "Detailed view" in the tool box "General" on your right. To change from learning resources
to the detailed view just select the link "Detailed view".
Actions that can be performed in the detailed view are valid for all learning resources and will be explained
further in the section "Detailed View of Learning Resources". In the following you will get information on
course-specific features of the detailed view. Select the link "Modify settings" in your "Learning resource" tool
box to activate or deactivate certain course features.
General Information
Settings regarding learning resources
In this tab you determine what other OLAT users can do with your course. "Copying possible" means that your
course can be copied. The option "Referencing possible" is not relevant for courses; in other learning resources
(e.g. the glossary) it means that other course authors could implement those resources in their own courses.
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"Execution possible" indicates that the course view can be started. "Export possible" says that your course can
be downloaded. Options selected will only be accessible for those user groups you have indicated in the field
"Access have." With the exception of "Execution possible" all other options require author rights.
Configure booking methods
Depending on the user group selected under "Settings", the view in the "General Information" tab expands to
show the booking methods for that user group, in order to configure the access control to the specific learning
resource. If no booking method is selected, the previously selected user group has unrestricted access to the
learning resource.
Three different booking methods are available:
•
•
•
Access code: An access code is manually set by the owner of the learning resource, who then passes
the code on to authorized users. In order to open the course, this code must be entered when opening
the course for the first time.
Freely available: A learning resource marked as freely available can be used without any restrictions.
Using this booking method adds users as participants to the resource, but will not add them to a learning
group, thus working like the enrolment course element.
PayPal and Credit card (only available if unlocked by an administrator): The price for admission to the
resource is specified here. The resource is subsequently booked by paying with either PayPal or credit
card.
You can add a validity period to each booking method, in order to control resource access in addition to the
use of visibility and access rules.
Course Chat
When creating a new course an active course chat is default. Possible scenarios in a course and further details
on chat rooms are explained in the section "Course Chat". If you do not want to use a course chat you can
deactivate it in this tab.
If you want to record chat protocols we recommend using an external chat client. For more information
please go to "Using External Chat Clients".
Layout
In this tab you define how your course should look like. You can choose between altoghether 5 layout templates,
including the default system layout. Additionally, a custom layout may be defined, using individual fonts and
colours for text, header, links, menus and boxes.
Resource Folders
Resource folders are suitable for using the same files in several courses at once. First you create such a resource
folder in learning resources. You will find its corresponding link in the tool box "Create" on your right. In
the tab "Resource folder" you then select that resource folder you want to use in your course. The files stored
there can be found in the storage folder of your course when selecting the sub-folder "_sharedfolder." Only
one resource folder per course is allowed.
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Evidence of Achievement
An evidence of achievement is the confirmation of an efficiency control and represents taken tests or assessed
tasks. If you want OLAT to create such evidences of achievement please activate this option in the tab. Course
participants can retrieve their evidences of achievement in their Home, section "Evidence of achievement",
starting with the beginning of the course.
If you deactivate this feature your participants will no longer see their evidences of achievement.
However, they are not lost; those evidences will only no longer be on display.
Calendar
When creating a new course an active course calendar is default. How to use that calendar is explained in section
"Course Calendar". If you do not want to provide a course calendar you can deactivate that feature in this tab.
Glossary
A glossary is there to explain your course participants certain scientific terms. If you want to use such a glossary
in your course select a glossary of your choice in learning resources. First you have to create that glossary
in learning resources before defining necessary terms. A glossary can be used in several courses. For further
information please go to "Glossary".
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Course Elements and Course Editor
In this chapter course authors will learn more about adding and configuring course elements in the course
editor. After giving general information on all course elements, further details on necessary configurations and
on the use of single elements will be provided. Additionally it is illustrated how those three tools of the course
editor work and what you can do with each course element.
First follow the instructions provided in the chapter "Creating Courses", if you have not created a course before.
General Configuration of Course Elements
Opening the Course Editor
The course editor is there to modify your course. You open it by clicking on the course's title in "My entries"
in learning resources before selecting "Edit content" in the "Learning resource" tool box on your right. If the
course view is already opened just select the link "Course editor" in the tool box "Course tools" on your right.
You will recognize the activated course editor by the watermark "edit" in the background.
On your right in the tool box "Editor tools" you will find the link to three editor tools as well as the possibility to
close the editor and get back to the detailed view or the course view, resp. The tool box "Insert course elements"
provides a list of all available course elements. The third tool box "Modify course elements" contains further
actions regarding course elements (e.g. delete).
Adding Course Elements
A course can comprise any number of course elements. In a course you can use several course elements of the
same type; they can be nested as well.
Click on the course element of your choice in the tool box "Add course element" on your right and select the
position where you want your element to be inserted. Now you can configure your new course element.
In the course navigation you will see most of the time a symbol next to each course element indicating its
characteristics or pointing out any missing or wrong settings. In the bottom part of the screen you will see the
corresponding explanations to those symbols.
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Configuration of Title and Description
Each course element always comprises the tabs "Title and description," "Visibility," and "Access." In addition
there are one or more tabs to configure your course element individually.
In the tab "Title and description" you can describe your course element further. The field "Short title" is
mandatory. This short title serves as labeling of your course element in the course navigation and is restricted
to 25 characters.
The content in the field "Title" serves as additional description of your course element and appears on the
course's homepage as sub-title if you have selected "Automatic overview" in the tab "Overview." This title will
also be displayed when moving the cursor over the element's short title in the course navigation.
Avoid using slashes or full stops in the fields "Short title" and "Title." These special characters can
cause problems when archiving courses later on.
In the field "Description" you can provide detailed information on your course element. That description will
appear on the course homepage if you have selected "Automatic overview" in the tab "Overview".
By means of "Display" you determine what course participants will see when clicking on a course element. A
click on course elements such as "Single page," "External page," "CP learning content," and "SCORM learning
content" will result in displaying the default setting "Only content." All other course elements will show "Title,
description and content" by default.
There is the possibility to set links on each course element. Just click on "Set link for this course element" to
have the external as well as the internal link of a course element on display.
In order to refer from outside your course to a course element you have to use an external link. In order
to set links within a course you have to use internal links.
Configuration of the Tabs Visibility and Access
You can limit the access to course elements in two ways. If you want to limit a course element's visibility it
will no longer appear in the course navigation. If you plan to limit its access it will still appear in the course
navigation, however, when clicking on it your participants will get a message that this course element is not
accessible.
In the tab "Visibility" there are four options: "Depending on date", "Depending on group", "Depending on
assessment", and "Depending on attribute"; by means of these options you can determine who will see when
and under which circumstances a certain course element in the course navigation. OLAT users excluded by
those predefined rules will not be able to see certain course elements. You can e.g. determine that registration
is only possible within one week (option "Depending on date") or you can grant access to a particular folder
only to registered course participants (option "Depending on group"). You can provide a questionnaire only
for those course participants who have passed a test (option "Dependening on assessment") or you can offer
additional documents only for course participants of a certain field of study (option "Depending on attribute").
In order to exempt course authors and tutors from these rules you have to deactivate the option "Apply rules
for owners and tutors".
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In the tab "Access" there are the same four options mentioned above: "Dependening on date," "Depending on
group," "Depending on assessment," and "Depending on attribute;" by means of these options you determine
who will be able to access when and under which circumstances a certain course element. OLAT users excluded
by those predefined rules will see certain course elements but will not be able to open them. In order to exempt
course authors and tutors from these rules you have to deactivate the option "Apply rules for owners and tutors".
If a course element is visible but not accessible you can provide an explanation for excluded users in
the tab "Visibility" to clarify your reasons.
All restrictions on course elements will also apply to their sub-elements. This means that if you restrict
the top course element's visibility that rule will also apply to your entire course elements.
Access Restrictions in the Expert Mode
Use of Expert Rules
In case of more complicated visibility or access rules you can also use the expert mode. You can e.g. limit
a course element's access to a specific user name. It is also possible to interrelate several restrictions to each
other. Just click on "Display expert mode" in the tabs "Visibility" and "Access" in order to define your expert
rules in the box provided.
Configuration of Expert Rules
Expert rules certify if there is an attribute with a specific value.
Attribute
Description
Example Expert rule
isGuest
accessible only for guests
isGuest(0)
isCourseCoach
available only for users
tutoring a learning group
isCourseCoach(0)
isUser
available only for one
specific user
isUser("pmuster")
In the tabs "Visibility" and "Access" there will be more examples of expert rules within the contextsensitive Help.
There are various options to interrelate single rules to each other. The two most important operators to combine
attributes are:
•
AND conjunction: &
•
OR conjunction: |
Please note that an OR conjunction precedes an AND conjunction. In order to handle an AND
conjunction first you have to use brackets.
Example: The expert rule (inLearningGroup("Participants IntensiveCourse") & isCourseCoach(0)) means that
either participants of an intensive course or all tutors of learning groups will have access to a course element.
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Use of AAI Attributes
By means of AAI attributes you can set access rules within a course to make sure that only course participants
with specific user attributes (e.g. members of a certain organization) will have access to your course material.
AAI means "Authentication and Authorization Infrastructure" and allows university members to use systems
of other participating institutions with only one user name and password. For further information please go
to Switch.
Available attributes and possible values are described in the AAI Attribute Specification (in English). The two
most common attributes can be found in the following table along with examples of their corresponding expert
rules:
Attribute
Description
Example Expert rule and Explication
swissEduPersonHomeOrganization
University or home
organization
hasAttribute
("swissEduPersonHomeOrganization",
"uzh.ch"): only members of the Zurich
University will get access.
swissEduStudyBranch3
Field of study, 3rd
classification
hasAttribute
("swissEduPersonStudyBranch3","6400"): only
veterinary medicine students will have access.
For further fields of study please go to the List of University Study Branch Codes; home organizations
can be found in the List of all Home Organizations.
In case course participants have problems when accessing course material restricted by AAI attributes you can
check if these AAI user accounts correspond to the attributes required by the access rules. Just ask the user
to log on via the AAI Attribut Viewer before sending you a screenshot. There you will see if there are any
attributes and values. Not all home organizations will provide their staff with each and every AAI attribute.
Please clarify this with those home organizations that are concerned.
Registered users without appropriate attributes can be accepted in learning groups; you can then adapt
your expert rules accordingly by means of the following rule: (in LearningGroup("[group name]").
Types of Course Elements
Course Element: Structure
The course element "Structure" serves to arrange your course. By default it offers an automatic overview of
all sub-elements along with short title, title, and description. Use this course element to arrange your course
content and/or to clearly separate your modules.
By means of the course element "Structure" you can determine to put either an automatic overview, an
automatic overview with preview or your own HTML page on display. All necessary configurations are made
in the tab "Overview." When selecting "Automatically generated overview incl. preview" you can choose up
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to ten subordinate course elements whose preview will appear in one or two columns. In OLAT there is even
an integrated HTML editor at your disposal if you want to design a HTML page according to your needs (e.g.
a welcome page).
Each new course contains the course element "Structure" as top element in the course navigation; you
cannot delete it, nor move it, nor convert it into another type of course element.
In addition you can combine the status of assessable course elements ("Task," "Test," "SCORM learning
content," "Assessment") in the course element "Structure." According to the display of your choice you have
to select in the tab "Score" the corresponding option in the section "Calculate score?" or "Calculate passing
score?". The option "Calculate passing score?" either depends on a minimum score defined by yourself or you
can adopt the status "Passed" or "Failed" from the selected course element.
Use explicit short titles for all of your assessable course elements to be able to clearly distinguish them
in the tab "Score."
Course Element: Single Page
In the course element "Single page" you can insert various files in your course. It is possible to announce
general information there such as your program or recommended literature regarding your course. There are
three possibilities to embed a page's content in your course:
•
Create new HTML page online
•
Select any file from the storage folder
•
Upload file in storage folder
Click on "Select or create page" in the tab "Page content." If you have already embedded a file just click on
"Replace page."
Create your page content directly by means of the OLAT HTML editor. Indicate your file name in the field
"New HTML page" before clicking on "Create." The HTML editor will open and you can create your content
as if using a word-processing program. Your page will then be stored in the storage folder.
Avoid opening or saving HTML pages that have been created by means of an external editor with the
OLAT HTML editor; part of your formatting could be lost.
If you have already uploaded a file in your storage folder or if you have created one there you can embed this
file by clicking on "Select page." All files in the storage folder will be displayed.
In the section "Upload files in storage folder" you can upload files from your local computer, zipped or one by
one, before embedding them. All file formats are allowed (e.g. doc, xsl, pdf, jpg, mp3).
In the tab "Page content," section "Security settings," you can determine if references in your HTML pages
should only be possible to files of the same folder (along with its sub-folders) or if all files of the storage folder
can be referenced. Detailed information on these options can be found in the context-sensitive Help of the tab
"Page content."
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Course Element: External Page
By means of the course element "External page" you can embed web pages in your course navigation. The
content of the page will be displayed in an OLAT window. It is recommended to use this course element when
planning to include pages containing database queries (e.g. research tools, online exercises, etc.). It is only
possible to link external pages via HTTP or HTTPS protocols.
First you have to indicate the URL to be referenced in the tab "Page content." In order to see that linked
page correctly there are the following four options to choose from: "Completely embedded" (source hidden),
"Embedded (source hidden)," "Embedded (source visible)," and "New browser window" (source visible). More
details regarding these options can be found in the context-sensitive Help in the tab "Page content." For pages
that require authentication you can provide the corresponding values in the fields "User" and "Password."
If you are not sure which option is best in your situation you can try "Completely embedded" first to
test the other alternatives till your page is displayed correctly.
You can allow your course participants to see the page content by clicking on a course element or you can
provide a homepage alternatively. This homepage will then contain short title, title and description of that
course element. You can find this option in the field "With homepage?".
Course Element: LTI Page
By means of the course element "LTI page" it is possible to integrate external learning applications in your
course before having their content displayed in an OLAT window. LTI means "Learning Tool Interoperability"
and is an IMS standard to embed external learning applications such as e.g. a chat, a media Wiki, a test editor,
or a virtual lab.
Indicate the URL to be referenced in the tab "Page content" along with its key and password. When selecting
this LTI page in the course navigation any user data, course information or keys will be transferred to the
embedded application, password controlled and in the background. Your learning application will check access
rights and grant access with a valid key.
Course Element: CP Learning Content
CP means "Content Packaging" and is an e-learning standard for learning content. Use the course element "CP
learning content" to include learning content in the IMS CP format (IMS CP version 1.1.2) in your course. You
can create CPs directly within OLAT; further information can be found in the chapter "Creating CP Learning
Content". Or you can create a CP externally, e.g. with eLML.
In the tab "Learning content" just click on "Create, select or import CP learning content" in order to assign a
CP to your course element or to create a new CP. CPs can either be imported to the course editor or by means
of the tab "Learning resources;" further information can be found in the section "Import".
To change the assignment of a certain CP learning content later on just click on "Replace CP learning content"
in the tab "Learning content" before selecting another CP.
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In the section "Display" you can determine how your learning content should be presented to course
participants.
Course Element: SCORM Learning Content
SCORM means "Sharable Content Object Reference Model" and is another standardized e-learning format
supported by OLAT. Use the course element "SCORM learning content" to include learning content in SCORM
format (SCORM version 1.2) in your course. Your SCORM package has to be created externally, e.g. with
eLML.
In the tab "Learning content" just click on "Select or import SCORM learning content" to assign a SCORM
learning content to your course element. Click on "Import" to upload a new SCORM package or select an
existing SCORM package from your entries. SCORM packages can either be imported to the course editor or
by means of the tab "Learning resources;" for further information please go to the chapter "Learning resources,"
section "Import".
In order to change the assignment of your SCORM learning content later on you have to click on "Replace
SCOPRM learning content" in the tab "Learning content" before selecting another SCORM package.
In the section "Display" you can determine how your learning content should be presented to course
participants. More detailed information can be found in the context-sensitive Help of that field.
SCORM learning content will always be presented with a homepage. If such content contains tasks
as well as tests you will learn from that homepage more about your score and remaining attempts to
take tests.
Course Element: Folder
In the course element "Folder" you can offer files to be downloaded. Often folders are used to provide course
participants with scripts or slides regarding your course.
In general all course participants have the permission to download files from that folder. All course authors
additionally may upload files. These preset rights can be adapted according to your needs in the tab "Access"
of the respective course element.
For each course element "Folder" you can dispose of ca. 100 MB storage space. If you should need
more please contact your OLAT support team.
If you want to use more than one folder, e.g. one for each course event, it is recommendable to introduce
the course element "Structure" before subordinating your folders to that structure. All restrictions
regarding visibility and access then have to be configured in the course element "Structure" only.
Course Element: Wiki
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Use a Wiki to easily create learning content together with your course participants. A Wiki is suitable for doing
group work; it can serve as documentation tool or as some sort of knowledge base for your studies and projects.
The course element "Wiki" helps you to embed a Wiki in your course. Just click on "Select, create or import
Wiki" in the tab "Wiki learning content" to assign a Wiki already existing or to create a new one. The chapter
"Creating Wikis" will tell you how to do so step by step.
In order to change the assignment of a Wiki later on click on "Replace Wiki" in the tab "Wiki learning content"
before selecting another Wiki.
In general all course participants have read and write permission in a Wiki. Only those OLAT users who have
created the Wiki or users appointed as owners are allowed to delete Wiki pages. These preset rights can be
adapted in the tab "Access" of the respective course element according to your needs.
In the chapter "Learning Activities in Courses," section "Wiki", you will find more information on how to
adapt the Wiki syntax, how to create new pages, and how to view different versions of a Wiki page.
Course Element: Podcast
The course element "Podcast" can either be used to easily provide others with your own audio and video files
or with external podcast episodes in OLAT. Course participants can see episodes directly within OLAT; or
they can subscribe to podcasts, upload those by means of online services such as iTunes before copying them
to a mobile device.
Add the course element "Podcast" to your course. Create your podcast in the tab "Podcast learning content"
before editing it. Determine at first if you want to integrate an external podcast or if you prefer to create episodes
on your own. How to create a podcast step by step and further information on other configuration possibilities
can be found in the chapter "Creating Podcasts".
Only course authors and moderators are allowed to create podcast episodes by default. However, all
course participants are able to comment on episodes and can assess them by means of 1 - 5 stars. In
the tab "Access" it is possible to adapt these settings according to your needs.
Course Element: Blog
By means of a "Blog" you can inform your course participants on news in the form of texts, pictures or videos.
After embedding your course element it is possible to create new entries in the course view immediately.
The course element "Blog" serves to include a blog into your course. In the tab "Blog learning content" you
can create a blog before editing it. You should determine first if you want to include an external blog or if you
prefer to create new entries on your own. How to create a blog step by step and further information on other
configuration possibilities can be found in the chapter "Creating Blogs".
Only course authors and moderators are allowed to create blog entries by default. However, all course
participants are able to comment on entries and can assess them by means of 1 - 5 stars. In the tab
"Access" it is possible to adapt these settings according to your needs.
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Course Element: Forum
By means of the course element "Forum" you can provide your course with the possibility to communicate
online, e.g. to discuss questions regarding the course content among your course participants.
Generally all course participants have read and write permission in a forum. All course authors and tutors
dispose of the option to moderate a forum additionally. These preset rights can be adapted in the tab "Access"
of the respective course element according to your needs.
Moderators hold the following rights:
•
Editing and deleting all posts in a forum; attaching files.
•
Prioritizing threads (sticky): a certain discussion subject will always appear on top of a list.
•
Closing discussion: it will no longer be possible to reply to a certain discussion subject.
•
Hiding discussion: a certain subject will no longer appear in the forum list.
•
Displaying discussion: hidden subject will be displayed anew.
•
Filter for persons: on the forum's overview page posts of every single course participant can be displayed.
•
Archiving forum: posts and attached files will be zipped before storing them in your personal folder.
A course author can also use the forum to notify course participants in the short term. Just configure
your forum in the tab "Access" accordingly, i.e. that only course authors have write permission. Advise
your course participants on subscribing to the forum to be up-to-date.
In the chapter "Learning Activities in Courses" you will get further information on opening topics and replying
to questions; see section "Forum".
Course Element: File Dialog
The course element "File dialog" provides you with preset discussion forums; in contrast to an ordinary forum,
dialogs here are explicitly based on certain documents. Use such a file dialog to let your course participants
discuss e.g. scientific articles or papers.
In the tab "Forum/storage configuration" you can upload documents in the storage folder of your file discussion
by clicking on "Upload file." You can also determine if your file dialog should be included in your course or
if it should be displayed in a new window.
In general all course participants have read and write permission in a forum and may upload or download files.
All course authors and tutors additionally dispose of the option to moderate a file dialog. These preset rights can
be adapted in the tab "Access" of the respective course element according to your needs. The right to moderate
has already been explained in the section "Course Element: Forum."
In the chapter "Learning Activities in Courses" you will get more information on how to upload files or how
to open topics and reply to questions; see section "File Dialog".
Course Element: Assessment
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The course element "Assessment" is suitable to assess achievements not handed in electronically. You can
evaluate manually e.g. presentations by course participants with passed or failed, with a score or with
an individual comment. The course element "Assessment" serves to preconfigure the assessment of such
achievements. Individual assessments can be inserted by using the assessment tool of your course.
According to your assessment you can preconfigure the display of a score, of a status or a comment in the
tab "Assessment." In the field "Information for all users" and "Information for tutors" you provide general
information on how to assess achievements.
In order to assess a course participant personally that participant has to be member of at least one
learning group of your course.
Course Element: Task
By means of the course element "Task" you can provide exercises to be handed in electronically before being
assessed by a tutor.
To be able to assess course participants these participants must already be registered in a learning
group! Otherwise those participants will not appear in your assessment tool.
In the tab "Sub-elements" you determine which of the following five sub-elements you want to select:
•
Assignment: assign tasks to course participants.
•
Drop box: this is the folder where course participants upload their solutions.
•
Return box: this is the folder where course participants will find their tasks corrected.
•
Assessment: create individual assessments for each course participant.
•
Sample solution: provide course participants with sample solutions of their tasks.
How to create tasks step by step and further information on other configuration possibilities can be found in
the chapter "Creating Tasks".
How course participants will see the course element "Task" will be explained in the chapter "Learning Activities
in Courses," section"Task".
Course Element: Portfolio Task
By means of the course element "Portfolio task" you can provide predefined portfolio templates to be filled by
your course participants. Their tasks can then be submitted electronically and assessed by a tutor.
In order to assess course participants they have to be registered in a learning group first. Otherwise
you will not be able to find that participant within your assessment tool.
By means of the tab "Learning content" you can create new portfolio templates or select a predefined one. How
to create a portfolio task as course author will be explained in the chapter "Creating Portfolio Tasks".
Additionally you can determine a deadline for your portfolio task in the tab "Learning content." You can define
a specific date or set a deadline in relation to that task's collection date. If the deadline is over your task will
be retracted automatically; it will no longer be possible to perform that task.
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By means of the assessment tool you will have the opportunity to change a deadline for a single user.
Optionally you can create a message to be displayed when clicking on the course element "Portfolio task"
within your course.
In the tab "Assessment" you can preconfigure the display of scores, status, as well as individual comments.
Within the fields "Hint for all users" and "Hint for tutors" you can provide course participants and tutors with
general information on how to make assessments.
Information on how a portfolio element is seen and dealt with by course participants can be found in the chapter
"Learning Activities in Courses," section "Portfolio task".
Course Element: Test
The course element "Test" is used to control achievements within a course. Course results will be archived
in a personalized way. A test has to be imported or created first in the so-called IMS QTI format (version
1.2). If you have not generated a test before please follow the instructions in the chapter "Creating Tests and
Questionnaires".
By means of the course element "Test" you include that test in your course. In this course element, data
regarding course participants will be stored (number of attempts, scores, detailed assessments). Click on
"Select, create or import file" in the tab "Test configuration" to assign this course element to a test or create
a new one.
If you want to replace a test already embedded just click on "Replace file" in the tab "Test
configuration" and select a new test. In case there are already test results of course participants you
can download them next.
Attention: In case participants are taking a test at that moment all their results will be lost since that
test is not complete. All results achieved between replacing and publishing a test will be lost as well.
A test will always be started along with a homepage in your course. You can edit the content of this page in
the section "Information (HTML page)".
The presentation of results, etc. can be configured in the tab "Test configuration" as well. For more information
please go to "Display Options and Configuration", section "On the course level."
Information on how to see test results can be found in "Archiving Results of Tests and Questionnaires".
Course Element: Self-test
The course element "Self-test" is also used to control achievements in a course. In contrast to the course element
"Test" self-tests are suitable to get practice; results of self-tests will be saved anonymously. Self-tests can
be taken as often as needed. The course element "Self-test" contains learning resources of the type "Test."
Therefore it is up to you if you want to offer a test or a self-test. Your test has to be imported or created
first in the so-called IMS QTI format (version 1.2). If you have not generated a test before please follow the
instructions in the chapter "Creating Tests and Questionnaires".
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By means of the course element "Self-test" you embed your test in a course. In this element data regarding
course participants are stored anonymized (number of taken tests, scores, detailed assessments). Just click on
"Select, create or import file" in the tab "Configuration self-test" to assign your course element to a test or
create a new one.
If you want to replace a test already embedded just click on "Replace file" in the tab "Configuration
self-test" and select a new one. In case there are already test results of course participants you can
download them next.
Attention: In case participants are taking a self-test at that moment all their results will be lost since that
test is not complete. All results achieved between replacing and publishing a test will be lost as well.
A self-test is always started along with a homepage in your course. You can design its content individually in
the section "Information (HTML page)".
The presentation of results, etc. can be configured in the tab "Self-test configuration" as well. For more
information please go to "Display Options and Configuration", section "On the course level."
Information on how to see test results can be found in "Archiving Results of Tests and Questionnaires".
Course Element: Questionnaire
By means of a questionnaire you can carry out online evaluations in your course, e.g. at the beginning to find
out what your course participants expect. You can also process the results gained with statistic methods or
evaluate your course at the end. Results will be stored anonymously. A questionnaire has to be imported or
created first in IMS QTI format (version 1.2). If you have never generated a questionnaire before please follow
the instructions in the chapter "Creating Tests and Questionnaires.
By means of the course element "Questionnaire" you embed a questionnaire in your course. Click on "Select,
create or import questionnaire" in the tab "Questionnaire configuration" to assign that course element to a
questionnaire.
If you want to replace a questionnaire already embedded just click on "Replace file" in the tab
"Questionnaire configuration" and select a new one. In case there are already questionnaire results of
course participants you can download them next.
Attention: In case participants are taking a questionnaire at that moment all their results will be lost
since that questionnaire is not complete. All results achieved between replacing and publishing a
questionnaire will be lost as well.
A questionnaire will always be started along with a homepage in your course. You can design its content
individually in the section "Information (HTML page)."
The presentation of results, etc. can be configurated in the tab "Questionnaire configuration" as well. For more
information please go to "Display Options and Configuration", section "On course level."
Information on how to download questionnaire results can be found in "Archiving Results of Tests and
Questionnaires".
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Course Element: Enrolment
The course element "Enrolment" is used to let course participants enroll in learning groups. It is then possible
to restrict access to certain documents or to assign group work. Just define in the tab "Configuration" in which
learning groups participants will be able to enroll. When indicating a learning area this area will be offered to
all learning groups. In case you have not already created learning groups or in case you need more such groups
you can perform this by clicking on "Select" and "Create" in the tab "Configuration." For further information
please go to "Learning Groups and Learning Areas".
In the field "Delisting allowed" you can decide if a registered course participant should have the possibility
to delist from a learning group. In the group management you can determine while editing learning groups if
there should be a waiting list and if moving up automatically from that list should be possible.
It is not enough to only select learning areas in the tab "Configuration." These learning areas have to
be assigned to learning groups as well. You should make such assignments in the group management
of your course. More detailed information can be found in the section "Creating Learning Areas and
Assigning Learning Groups".
If you want to restrict the visibility or access of course elements to registered course participants it is
not advisable to configure the course element "Enrolment" as depending on groups; course participants
would not be able to register at all.
Course Element: Topic Assignment
The course element "Topic assignment" is useful if you want to announce e.g. topics for term papers in your
course before having them supervised. Course authors determine the detailed configuration of their topic
assignment. This comprises e.g. who has the right to announce and supervise topics, how topics have to be
described, or how many topics can be selected by one course participant. What makes this course element so
special is the fact that not course authors but topic authors will announce and supervise such topics.
How to configure topic assignments
In the tab "Configuration" you determine first how many topics can be selected by one participant, if this
selection is definite or if it has to be accepted by the topic author first. Furthermore you can add additional
fields to describe a topic in more detail. This description will then be displayed in the table containing all topics
announced. Here you can also determine if registrations and submissions shall only be possible within a certain
period of time. In the tab "Sub-elements" you can choose if there should be a drop box as well as a return box
in your topic assignment. Course participants will then upload their files to that drop box while topic authors
will return those files by means of a return box.
How to appoint topic authors
In the tab "Persons in charge" you add those OLAT users who should be able to announce and supervise topics.
These persons do not necessarily have to hold author rights.
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If you remove a topic author who has already announced a topic he will still be able to supervise it.
However, this person will no longer be able to announce new topics.
Role of topic authors
When being authorized by a course author to act as topic author you can announce as well as supervise topics.
Just open the course view and navigate to your topic assignment.
How to create a new topic
Click on "Create new topic" and indicate its title as well as a description. Depending on the configuration of
your topic assignment you can add further details to the topic's description, determine deadlines for registration
and submission, decide how many course participants are allowed to select your topic, and upload additional
files if needed.
How to configure topics
If you want to modify your configuration later on just click on the topic's title. Now you will be able to edit
that topic, change its status from "Open" to "Closed" or vice versa, or delete that topic.
How to manage participants
If the configuration of your topic assignment requires that course participants have to be accepted by the topic
author you will see on the home page of topic assignments the note "Check participant" in a table as soon as
somebody has applied for your topic. Now open the tab "Topic assignment" and accept the application of your
candidate(s). It is also possible to add or remove participants in this tab manually.
How to upload and return files
In the tab "Folder," section "Drop box," you will find all those files course participants have submitted. In
the section "Return box" you can put files already corrected. There will be one sub-folder for each course
participant.
Course Element: Notifications
This course element allows you to embed notifications in your course structure. These notifications will be
visible in your course as well as in the notifications section of each single user. Course participants can subscribe
to this element; it is also possible to establish an automated subscription. Your users will then be provided with
the portlet "Notifications" in their Home with any notifications regarding their courses taken. Course authors
(in a course) as well as users (in their Home portlet) can determine the amount of notifications that should
be displayed.
Participant list
Unlike the member management course tool, which is only visible for course owners, the course element
"Participant list" provides a list of all course members to those OLAT users allowed to open the respective
course. Members are listed depending on their role within the course as either course administrator, coach or
participant.
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By linking the member names to their OLAT visiting card as well as the OLAT mail service, this course element
facilitates contacting your fellow course members directly from within the course.
Course Element: Calendar
By means of the course element "Calendar" you can embed a course calendar in the course structure. This
course element offers an alternative view on the course calendar to be found on your right in the box "General."
In the tab "Calendar configuration" you can decide which date should be displayed when a course calendar
is activated from the course structure. Furthermore you can initiate that dates from your course calendar will
automatically be transferred to the personal calendars of your course participants.
When displaying a certain semester week in your calendar and inserting links on course elements, that
calendar will serve as a kind of overview showing all events and tasks of that week.
Link list
The course element "Link list" enables the author to quickly assemble a collection of links relevant to the course.
No HTML proficiency is required. Simply open the course editor, navigate to the link list course element, open
the "Configuration" tab and enter the URL and name of the website you wish to add as a link. The target (URL)
and description (name) fields are mandatory, while additional information on the link can be added through
the comment field. Add or remove links using the + / - buttons.
vitero
The "vitero" course element allows you to embed the vitero system for web conferencing, e-collaboration, live
e-learning and language learning into your course. vitero (virtual team room) enables you to create meetings
for up to 12 participants plus moderator.
The virtual meeting room facilitates communication via text, audio and video as well as document and desktop
sharing. The vitero system can be used for virtual team meetings, but also supports e.g. lectures ("chalk-andtalk"). All meetings work with the three temporary roles of moderator, assistant moderator and participant, thus
reflecting the olat course roles administrator, coach and participant.
In order for you to be able to see and use the vitero course element, the system must be enabled by an
administrator. Additionally, your OLAT provider must have a valid vitero license.
Please consult the context sensitive help for further information concerning configuration and use of
the vitero course element.
Course Element: E-Mail
By means of the course element "E-Mail" you provide your course participants with the possibility to send an
e-mail to pre-defined recipients.
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There are two possibilities to send messages. You can either select groups and learning areas you want to send
a message to in the tab "Recipients" or you directly indicate your e-mail addresses.
In the fields "Subject (form)" and "Message (form)" you can pre-define default values to be edited later on by
your course participants when sending e-mails.
In order to enter several addresses in the field "E-mail addresses" you have to separate them by line
breaks.
By means of a suitable short title for the course element "E-mail" you can provide your course
participants with information to whom they can send messages. For privacy reasons they will not be
able to see the recipients' addresses in your e-mail form.
Using Editor Tools
Storage Folder
The editor tool "Storage folder" in a course serves to store used files, e.g. HTML pages or documents from
other folders.
You can upload files, create, copy, move or delete them in your storage folder. Additionally you can zip or
unzip files. All these actions can be performed with single files and folders or with several ones at once.
All course elements of the type "Folder" used in your course can be accessed via the storage folder in the subfolder "_courseelementdata;" you can even edit them there.
A resource folder of a certain course can be viewed in the storage folder via the sub-folder "_sharedfolder;"
however, it is not possible to edit it there.
Course Preview
The editor tool "Course preview" enables you to see course settings and content from the course participant's
point of view. By clicking on "Course preview" you will first get to the configuration menu to simulate your
course at a certain point in time, as member of a distinct learning group, or with other attributes used in your
course.
In contrast to the view of the course content you will see all modifications or course elements not yet published
in the course preview. Features depending on an interaction between participant and system will not be available
in the course preview, e.g. enrolling in groups, starting a test, self-test or questionnaire, and performing tasks
in the course element "Task."
Publishing
As long as you have not published your course and granted access, your course participants will not be able to
find your course in the search mask or the course list. Course modifications will not be effective during your
course; you have to publish it once more. This means that you can prepare new course content in the course
editor. Your participants will only see new features after publishing them. All settings and modifications will
be effective after using the tool "Publish" in the course editor.
First you have to select all those course elements you have modified and want to publish. Your choice will be
reduced to course elements that are available for publishing.
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Then you determine who should have access to your OLAT course. See section "Modify settings" to learn
more about those four options at your disposal. Now you can complete your publishing process. Just click on
"Finish."
At this stage you will be informed on course elements that may not have been configured correctly and could
cause problems when starting your course.
At last you will get a summary of your published modifications as well as a message containing the number
of course participants working on your course at that very moment.
In case you publish a course while others are working on it all non-saved data (such as entries in forums
or Wikis) will be lost.
Collecting function
The toolbox "Collecting function" allows you to insert multiple single pages simultaneously. Clicking
"Multiple single pages" displays all files available in this course. More files can be added using the storage
folder.
Select all files you wish to add to the course as single pages, and decide whether the selected files should be
added after or as a child of the current course element.You can arrange the new pages afterwards into their
correct order.
Deleting, Moving and Copying Course Elements
The bottom tool box "Modify course elements" helps you to delete, move or copy course elements. Your action
will affect the currently marked course elements as well as all subordinated ones.
It is possible as well to move course elements using „Drag&Drop“ in the course structure to the left.
Modifications such as deleting, moving, copying course elements have to be published later on in order to be
effective. If you have not published a deleted course element it can still be recovered.
Copying course elements is advisable if you plan to offer team work in groups and want to reuse the
same structure.
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Creating CP Learning Content
This chapter explains course authors how to create Content Packagings. Additionally, you will find information
on how to embed your CPs in courses and explains the features of the CP editor.
General Information
Content Packaging (CP) is self-contained learning content in a standardized e-learning format, e.g. an online
module of your subject. For further information please see the section "CP Learning Content" in the chapter
"Learning resources." When creating your learning content as CP you can use it not only within OLAT but in
other learning platforms that support this CP format as well.
CPs in OLAT are usually embedded in a course. It is possible to use the same CP in several courses. For
example, you can use an introductory module not only within a course for beginners but also as starting point
in a more advanced course. If you have not created any courses yet you will get some guidance in the chapter
"Creating courses" before creating your CP by means of the following instruction.
If you want to create large learning contents we recommend using eLML.
In Five Steps to Your Content Package
The following helps you to create a Content Package in no time before embedding it in your course and
activating it for your participants.
Step 1: Start course editor and insert CP course element
1 Search for your course in "Learning
resources," section "My entries," and
open it.
2 Click on "Course editor" in the toolbox
"Course tools" on your right.
3 Select "CP learning content" in the
toolbox "Insert course elements" on
your right.
4 Select position at which your CP
course element should be inserted and
save your settings.
5 Indicate a short title for your
course element in the tab "Title and
description" and save your settings.
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Step 2: Creating CP learning content
1 Click on "Select, create or import CP
learning content" in the tab "Learning
content."
2 Click on "Create."
3 Indicate title and description of your
CP and save your settings.
4 Click on "Next."
Now you are within the editor. A new CP usually consists of one chapter ("CP learning content") and one
page ("New page").
Step 3: Edit CP
1 Click on "Edit."
2 Edit title: Double-click on the title and
insert a new one.
3 Edit content: Edit page in the provided
field and format before saving it.
4 Insert new page: Click on icon "Add
page." Your new page will be inserted
underneath the highlighted element.
5 Copy page: Click on icon "Copy page."
Your copied page will be inserted
underneath the highlighted element.
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6 Import page: Click on "Import page."
Then click on "Select file" before
selecting a HTML page. Click on
"Import."
7 Delete page: Click on icon "Delete
page" and confirm.
Now you can insert more pages following the same pattern.
You can import several HTML pages at once by zipping them before uploading the resulting ZIP file.
Click on the icon "Preview" on your top right to have a look at your CP before saving it.
Step 4: Save CP
1 Click on "Save" in the lower center.
2 Close CP tab and navigate back to your course.
Step 5: Publish and activate your course
1 Select "Publish" in the toolbox "Editor
tools" on your right.
2 Click on course element and then go
"Next."
3 Select "All registered OLAT
users" from the pull-down menu in
"Modification of course access."
4 Click on "Finish."
The CP is now embedded in your course and course participants can read its content. In order to edit this CP
just click on "Edit" in the tab "Learning content."
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Creating Wikis
This chapter will explain how course authors can create Wikis in OLAT before embedding them in a course.
Here you will find an illustrated step-by-step instruction as well as information on how to adapt Wikis according
to your needs.
General Information
A Wiki (Hawaiian for "fast") is a hypertext system for websites. In contrast to HTML pages users can not only
read Wiki pages but also edit them. A Wiki can document group work or serve as a kind of knowledge base
for your course. Wiki pages are created by means of a special Wiki syntax before editing and linking them
to one another.
Introduce Wikis as knowledge base created by advanced students to be used as reference in an
introductory course; or as a list of links for series of lectures that are related thematically.
A Wiki is a learning resource usually embedded in an OLAT course. You can use the same Wiki in several
courses. If you have not created a course yet you will find further information in the chapter "Creating Courses"
before creating your Wiki by means of the following instruction.
Four Steps to Your Wiki
By means of this guide you will be able to create a Wiki for your course in no time before adapting it according
to your needs.
Step 1: Open course editor and insert Wiki course element
1 Search for your course in learning
resources, section "My entries" and
open it.
2 Click on "Course editor" on your right
in the toolbox "Course tools."
3 Select "Wiki" on your right in the
toolbox "Insert course element."
4 Select position at which your Wiki
course element should be inserted and
save your settings.
5 Indicate a short title for your
course element in the tab "Title and
description" and save your settings.
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Step 2: Create Wiki
1 Click on "Choose, create or import
Wiki" in the tab "Wiki learning
content."
2 Click on "Create."
3 Indicate title and description and save
your settings.
4 Click on "Next."
Step 3: Configure Wiki
1 Click on "Edit."
2 Adapt welcome page: Write a text
("Index") and save your settings.
Explanations regarding the Wiki syntax
by clicking on the question-mark icon.
3 Create Wiki page: Indicate a title for
your new Wiki page in the box "Create
article" and click on "Create." Then
click on the red link with the page's
title in order to generate and edit that
page.
4 Adapt Wiki menu: Click on "Modify"
in the box "Wiki menu" in order to
adapt that menu according to your
needs or add external links. Save your
settings.
5 Close Wiki tab and click on course tab.
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Step 4: Publish and activate your course
1 Select "Publish" on your right in the
toolbox "Editor tools."
2 Click on course element before
clicking on "Next."
3 In the pull-down menu select "All
registered OLAT users" in the section
"Modify course access."
4 Click on "Finish."
Now your Wiki is embedded and course participants can read your Wiki contents, edit pages already existing,
and create new pages.
Further Configurations
By default all course participants have the right to read and write Wikis. Only those OLAT users having created
Wiki pages or registered Wiki owners are allowed to delete those Wiki pages. These pre-set rights can be
adapted in the tab "Access" of your course element according to your needs.
Only registered Wiki owners are allowed to modify a Wiki menu.
If you do no longer wish to use a Wiki as collaborative tool but only as a kind of reference, (i.e. you
do not want its content to be altered) just lock that Wiki's access in the tab "Access" of your course
element in the section "Edit/create article."
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Creating Podcasts
This chapter explains step by step how course authors can create podcasts before embedding them in their
course. Furthermore you will find information on additional configuration possibilities.
General Information
The term "Podcasting" comprises words such as "iPod" and "Broadcasting" and means producing and providing
audio as well as video files. Podcasts can be subscribed to before uploading episodes either by means of online
services such as iTunes to mobile devices or using them directly within OLAT. Such episodes will be shown
sorted by time; the latest news will always appear on top. Course participants will be able to assess episodes
and comment on them.
An advantage of podcasts is that media data can easily be provided and used regardless of location. Additionally
you can produce as well as use episodes independently of any broadcasting time compared to radio shows.
Requirements
Produce an audio or video file for your podcast episode by means of appropriate recording software (e.g.
GarageBand) before saving it in a Flash-compatible format (FLV, MP3, MP4, M4V, M4A or AAC).
In case you have not created a course yet you will get further information in the chapter "Creating Courses" on
how to proceed before generating a podcast by means of the following instruction.
Four Steps to Your Podcast
With the aid of this guideline you will be able to add a podcast to your course in no time and create your first
episode.
Step 1: Open course editor and insert podcast course element
1 Search for your course in learning
resources, section "My entries" and
open it.
2 Click on "Course editor" in the toolbox
"Course tools" on your right.
3 Select "Podcast" in the toolbox "Insert
course elements" on your right.
4 Choose position at which you want to
insert your podcast course element and
save your settings.
5 Indicate a short title for your
course element in the tab "Title and
description" and save your settings.
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Step 2: Create a Podcast
1 Click on "Select, create or import
podcast" in the tab "Podcast learning
content."
2 Click on "Create."
3 Indicate title and description of your
podcast. This information will appear
in the header of your podcast. Save
your settings.
4 Click on "Next."
Step 3: Fill podcast with content
1 Click on "Edit."
2 If you want to add a picture to your
podcast header just click on "Edit
podcast" and upload pic.
3 Click on "Create your own episode."
4 Indicate title, select audio or video
file from your computer, and click on
"Publish."
Additional episodes can be added later on following the same pattern or directly within the course view.
Step 4: Publish and activate your course
1 Select "Publish" in the toolbox "Editor
tools" on your right.
2 Click on course element before
clicking "Next."
3 Select "All registered OLAT users"
from the pull-down menu, section
"Modify course access."
4 Click on "Finish."
Your podcast is now embedded and course participants can download the first episode.
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Further Configurations
Tab: Access
By default only course authors may create episodes. Course participants can download them, comment on
and assess them. If you want your course participants to create episodes as well just deactivate the check box
"Locked for learners" in the section "Read and write." Course participants will not be able to edit episodes
created by themselves. Only course authors or moderators are allowed to make modifications. In the section
"Moderate" you determine who will have the right to moderate a podcast. This means that a course participant
will then be able to edit that podcast as well as delete all episodes and comments.
These settings are only relevant if episodes are created within OLAT. When embedding an external
podcast it will not be possible in OLAT to determine who will be allowed to create episodes or not.
Subscribing to Podcasts
Course participants can periodically check via the podcast's Newsfeed if there are new episodes before
downloading them. On the homepage of your podcast you will find various possibilities to subscribe to a
podcast via the feed URL of an online service such as iTunes.
Including External Podcasts
You can also use this podcast course element to include an external podcast. Just select "Include an external
podcast already existing" when editing that podcast for the first time. In the field "URL" you have to indicate the
feed link of your external podcast. Usually this is a URL with an .xml add-on. Episodes will then be displayed
within your course element.
Once you have decided on what kind of podcast you plan to embed (create episodes yourself or embed
external podcast) you will not be able to modify your choice later on.
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Creating Blogs
In this chapter you will learn step by step how to create and embed a blog. Further configuration options will
also be explained.
General Information
The term "Blog" comprises "World Wide Web" and "Log." Blogs usually serve as online journals for personal
as well as professional information. By means of blogs you can provide your course participants with texts,
pictures or videos in a swift and easy way. Entries will be displayed sorted by time; the latest news will always
be on top. Course participants can subscribe to blogs via RSS Feed. They can also comment on entries and
assess them.
A blog is generally used like a public diary. Its advantage is its quick, standardized publication.
In case you have not created a course yet the chapter "Creating Courses" will be helpful before generating a
blog by means of the following instruction.
Four Steps to Your Blog
With the aid of the following guidelines you will create a blog for your course before adapting it according
to your needs.
Step 1: Open course editor and insert blog course element
1 Search for your course in learning
resources, section "My entries" and
open it.
2 Click on "Course editor" in the toolbox
"Course tools" on your right.
3 Select "Blog" in the toolbox "Insert
course elements" on your right.
4 Select position at which you want your
blog course element to be inserted and
save your settings.
5 Indicate a short title for your
course element in the tab "Title and
description" and save your settings.
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Step 2: Create Blog
1 Click on "Select, create or import blog"
in the tab "Blog learning content."
2 Click on "Create."
3 Indicate title and description of your
blog and save your settings.
4 Click on "Next."
Step 3: Fill Blog with Content
1 Click on "Edit."
2 If you want to add a picture to your
blog header just click on "Edit blog"
and upload pic.
3 Click on "Create your own entries."
4 Indicate title, description and content
before clicking on "Publish."
Further entries can be added later on following the same pattern or directly within the course view.
Step 4: Publish and activate your course
1 Select "Publish" in the toolbox "Editor
tools" on your right.
2 Click on course element before
clicking "Next."
3 Select "All registered OLAT users"
from the pull-down menu, section
"Modify course access."
4 Click on "Finish."
Your blog is now embedded and course participants can read the first entry.
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Further Configurations
Tab: Access
By default only course authors may create entries. Course participants can read them, assess, and comment on
them. If you want course participants to create entries by themselves just deactivate the check box "Locked for
learners" in the section "Read and Write." Course participants will not be able to edit entries they created. Only
course authors or moderators are allowed to make modifications. In the section "Moderate" you determine who
will have the right to moderate a blog. This means that a course participant may then edit that blog and delete
all entries and comments.
This configuration is only relevant if entries are created within OLAT. When embedding an external
blog you cannot determine who will be able to create entries.
Subscribing to Blogs
Course participants can subscribe to a blog via RSS Feed to be informed as soon as there are new entries.
Including External Blogs
You can also use course element to include an external blog. Just select "Include an external blog already
existing" when editing it for the first time. Indicate the feed link of your external blog in the field "URL."
Generally this URL will have an .xml add-on. Entries of that external blog will appear in your course element.
Once you have decided on what kind of blog you want to embed (create your own entries or include
an external blog) you will not be able to modify your choice later on.
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Creating Tasks
This chapter explains how course authors can create tasks for their course participants. Here you will find an
illustrated step-by-step instruction as well as information on how to adapt tasks according to your needs.
General Information
Tasks are used within an OLAT course. You can assign various tasks to course participants electronically
and collect their results via OLAT as well. Furthermore you can assess those tasks and return them to course
participants by means of a return box. Additionally you can provide sample solutions. OLAT will assist you
with its organization; you no longer have to keep an account of tasks, assessments or dates.
Requirements
Before adding a task all task files and sample solutions (optionally) have to be available in an established file
format (e.g. PDF documents).
In case you have not created a course yet the chapter "Creating Courses" will help you to do so before creating
your tasks by means of the following instruction. In addition your course participants have to be registered
members of learning groups in order to be able to assess and return their tasks already submitted.
Three Steps to Your Task
By following this guideline you will have created a task for your course in no time.
Step 1: Open course editor and insert task course element
1 Search for your course in learning
resources, section "My entries" and
open it.
2 Click on "Course editor" in the toolbox
"Course tools" on your right.
3 Select "Task" in the toolbox "Insert
course elements" on your right.
4 Select position at which you want
your task to be inserted and save your
settings.
5 Indicate a short title for your
course element in the tab "Title and
description" and save your settings.
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Step 2: Configure task
1 Select favored sub-elements in the tab
"Sub-elements" and save your settings.
Only sub-elements selected can be
configured in the next tab.
2 Important: In order to be able to assess
your tasks you have to assign all subelements selected to a learning group
in the tab "Access." Activate check
box "Depending on group." Select or
create learning group. In order to create
a learning group indicate a name in the
field "Only for learning groups" before
clicking on "Create." Finish and save
your settings.
3 Click on "Open task folder" in the
tab "Assignment." Upload your task
file(s) created before. Optionally write
a message for users in the section
"Assign task" and configure your
allocation according to your needs.
4 Optionally adapt confirmation text in
the tab "Handing in" and configure email settings.
5 Select assessment option in the tab
"Assessment." Available are: "Score
granted" (incl. minimum/maximum
score), "Display passed/failed" incl.
option "Type of display" (manually
or automatically), and "Individual
comment." Save your settings.
6 Click on "Open folder of sample
solution" in the tab "Sample solution"
before uploading your sample
solutions.
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Step 3: Publish and activate your course
1 Select "Publish" in the toolbox "Editor
tools" on your right.
2 Click on course element before
clicking "Next."
3 Select "All registered OLAT users"
from the pull-down menu, section
"Modify course access."
4 Click on "Finish."
Your task is now embedded in your course. Depending on the configuration of your task element course
participants will be able to select a task and submit their solution. Course authors and tutors of learning groups
can then assess and return all submitted and corrected files by means of the assessment tool.
Subscribe to your drop box in the course view. Whenever a course participant submits a file you will
receive a corresponding e-mail or a notification in your Home, section "My notifications."
Further Configurations
Tab: Sub-elements
Select 1 - 5 of all available sub-elements. Sub-elements selected can then be configured in the next tab
(exception: return box).
For each sub-element there has to be at least one learning group in the tab "Access" to be indicated
in the field "Depending on group." Thus course authors and tutors of learning groups will be able to
have a look at all files submitted by means of the assessment tool of that course before assessing and
commenting on them.
Tab: Assignment
You upload your task files to the task folder in the tab "Assignment." In the field "Message for user" you can
provide general information for all course participants regarding your tasks. In the field "Type of assignment"
you determine if a course participant can choose between all available tasks or if your tasks should be allocated
automatically as well as randomly. Select in the field "Type of sampling" if several course participants shall be
able to work on the same task (task can be reclined) or if each course participant shall work on a different task
(task cannot be reclined). If a task is selected manually you can further decide in the field "Preview" if course
participants shall be allowed to have a look at a task before selecting it.
In case a course participant is not allowed to recline a task you have to offer at least the same number
of tasks as there are course participants.
Tab: Handing in
A standard phrase confirms that course participants have submitted their solutions successfully. This text can
be adapted if necessary. The option "Send text additionally as e-mail" means that your text will be sent by email as well.
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Tab: Assessment
Here you define how each course participant shall be assessed. By default a tutor can assess tasks by means
of "Passed/failed." If you prefer to allocate points instead or in addition just modify your configuration by
indicating a minimum and maximum score or by replacing "Passed/failed" automatically with a passing score.
Optionally you can provide space for individual comments regarding each course participant. In addition you
can provide further information in the fields "Notice for all users" and "Notice for tutors," e.g. some general
comment on how to assess course participants.
Tab: Sample Solution
In order to provide all course participants with a sample solution regarding your tasks just click on "Open
sample solution folder" in the tab before uploading appropriate documents to that folder.
In the tab "Access" you can configure your sample solution date-dependently in order to have it
revealed e.g. only after that task's deadline.
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Creating Portfolio Tasks
By means of ePortfolios lerners are able to organize and reflect on their learning progress. This chapter will
explain how course authors can create portfolio tasks for their course participants. An illustrated step-by-step
guide will show you how to configure portfolio tasks according to your needs.
General
By means of a portfolio task you can provide a predefined folder in your course to be filled with evidence by
course participants documenting their learning progress. These folders can be submitted electronically before
being assessed by course authors or tutors.
Requirements
Please consider before adding a portfolio task what kind of learning evidence and how much you plan to
demand from your course participants. Additionally you should think about how to reasonably structure your
portfolio tasks.
In case you haven't created a course yet the chapter "Creating courses" will tell you how to do so. Then the
following guide will help you to create portfolio tasks.
Course participants have to be registered in learning groups in order to assess their portfolio taks
submitted.
Five Steps to Your Portfolio Task
The following guidelines will help you to add portfolio tasks to your course in no time.
Step 1: Open course editor and insert a portfolio element
1 Search for your course in "My entries"
in learning resources and open it.
2 Click on "Course editor" on your right
in the tool box "Course tools."
3 Select "Portfolio task" in the tool box
"Insert course elements" on your right.
4 Select position of your portfolio task to
be inserted and save your settings.
5 Indicate a short title in the tab "Title
and Description" and save your
settings.
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Step 2: Create portfolio task
1 Click on "Select or create portfolio
template" in the tab "Learning
content."
2 Click on "Create."
3 Indicate a title as well as a description
and save your settings.
4 Click on "Next."
Step 3: Design portfolio task
1 Click on "Edit."
2 Just click on the "Plus" icon to add
a new page. Such pages can then be
supplemented by structural elements.
3 Choose appropriate titles for your
pages and structural elements before
writing all necessary directions
for your course participants in
the description box. Pages and
structural elements can be moved via
"Drag&Drop" later on.
4 Determine in the section "Restrictions"
what kind of artefacts course
participants should be allowed to
upload and to what extent.
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Step 4: Configure portfolio task
1 Optionally you can define a deadline
in the tab "Learning content" of the
course editor and provide a message for
course participants.
2 Select your assessment options in
the tab "Assessment" and save your
settings. You can choose between:
"Score granted" (incl. min./max.),
"Passed/failed" with option "Type of
display" (automatically or manually),
and "Individual comment." Important:
In order to assess portfolio tasks
your course participants have to be
registered in a group.
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Step 5: Publish course
1 Select "Publish" on your right in the
tool box "Editor tools."
2 Click on course element before
clicking on "Next."
3 Select "All registered OLAT users"
from the pull-down in the section
"Modification of course access."
4 Click on "Finish."
Now this portfolio task is embedded in your course. Course participants will be able to collect that task before
embedding artefacts in their folder. Course authors as well as tutors can see all portfolio tasks submitted before
assessing them by means of the assessment tool.
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Managing Topics of Topic Assignments
This chapter helps persons responsible for a topic to manage topics of a topic assignment. Here you will find
an illustrated step-by-step guide on how to create topics and how to manage participants.
General
The course element "Topic assignment" is used within an OLAT course. A course author can configure this
element as needed and appoint persons responsible for a topic. Further information on how to configure topic
assignments can be found in the chapter dealing with the element "Topic assignment". Persons responsible
for topics can offer their course participants a variety of topics before managing these participants along with
their topics. Course participants will be able to submit expositions via drop boxes. Corrections can then be
returned via return boxes.
Requirements
A course author has already embedded the course element "Topic assignment" in a course and appointed you
as person responsible for a topic.
Three Steps to Create and Manage Topics
The following guidelines will teach you in no time how to offer topics via the course element "Topic
assignment" before managing your course participants.
The following example will show that the course author has configured the topic assignment to not immediately
accept a participant's topic choice. This choice has to be confirmed first by the person responsible for that
topic. This means that course participants have to apply for a topic before being accepted or rejected by persons
responsible for topics.
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Step 1: Open course and create topic
1 Search for your course in learning
resources and open it.
2 Navigate to the topic assignment in the
course menu on your left.
3 Click on "Create topic" at the top of the
content area.
4 Provide information on your
topic (title, description) in the tab
"Description." Additionally you can
limit the number of candidates, attach
files, and establish notifications via
email.
5 Optional: If you want to appoint
additional tutors for your topic just
click on "Add user(s)" in the tab
"Administration of participants,"
section "Topic authors" before
selecting the person required.
Your topic will now appear in your topic assignment and course participants will be able to apply.
If the check box "E-mail notification when selecting/deselecting Topics" is activated in your topic
description, you will receive an email as soon as a course participant applies for your topic.
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Step 2: Manage participants
1 Click on the title of your topic in the
topic overview before going to the tab
"Administration of participants."
2 Select those people from the candidate
list to whom your topic should be
assigned. Click on "Transfer as
participant." Adapt and send email
notification to all accepted course
participants if needed.
3 Select those people from the candidate
list to whom your topic should not
be appointed. Click on "Remove."
Adapt and send email notification to all
candidates not accepted if needed.
4 If you do not wish other candidates to
apply just click on "Topic set status to
'Filled'" in the tab "Description."
Participants accepted can now submit files via drop box regarding their chosen topic in the tab "Folder."
Step 3: Manage files (optional)
1 If there are files already submitted just
click on the tab "Folder" within your
topic before opening a participant's
folder.
2 It is possible to return files via return
boxes. Just select the folder of a
participant already accepted in the tab
"Folder" and click on "Upload file."
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Creating Tests and Questionnaires
This chapter explains how tests and questionnaires can be created. A step-by-step instruction will support
course authors by means of the following table to efficiently work with the test and questionnaire editor. In
addition you will get information on how to embed tests and questionnaires in your course and how to archive
gained results.
General Information
What is a Test? What is a Self-test?
Tests are used to control achievements in a course. By means of a test you can examine your participants'
knowledge at the beginning of your course, check it after each completed module or let course participants
take tests electronically.
Tests are created with the OLAT test editor. You can determine a test's duration, its type of questions as well
as other configurations. It is also possible to import tests in the IMS QTI format (version 1.2).
Tests are created as independent learning resources before embedding them in a course. You decide if a test
should be a self-test for practice purposes or a real test for examination purposes. In the first case you may
want to use the course element "Self-test" while in the second case you may prefer the course element "Test."
Results of self-tests are stored anonymously; test results are stored personalized.
What is a Questionnaire?
Questionnaires are used for online evaluations during a course. By means of a questionnaire you can find out
more about what your participants expect from your course at its beginning. You can then process your results
by means of statistic methods before evaluating the success of your course at its end.
Questionnaires are created with the OLAT questionnaire editor. You can determine a questionnaire's length,
its type of questions and make further configurations. It is also possible to import questionnaires in the IMS
QTI format (version 1.2).
Questionnaires are created as independent learning resources before embedding them by means of the course
element "Questionnaire." OLAT guarantees that each course participant can fill in such questionnaires only
once. Results will be stored anonymously.
If you want to receive personalized data you can use a cloze as first question, asking the participant to
indicate his name. However, it is not possible to check if your participants do what they are asked for.
Comparison: Test, Self-test and Questionnaire
The following table exemplifies the difference between test, self-test, and questionnaire:
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Test
Self-test
Questionnaire
Intended use:
Test
Exercise
Poll
Created with:
Test editor
Test editor
Questionnaire editor
Question types:
Single-choice, multiplechoice, Kprim, cloze
Single-choice, multiplechoice, Kprim, cloze
Single-choice, multiplechoice, cloze, free text
Embedding with course
element:
Test
Self-test
Questionnaire
Number of attempts:
to be configurated
unlimited
only once
Archiving of results:
personalized
anonymized
anonymized
Requirements
You have already created an OLAT course and now want to add a test, self-test or questionnaire. We
recommend preparing questions and answers of a test or questionnaire electronically, e.g. as Word file; such
a file can be easily transferred to a test or questionnaire editor later on.
Perhaps you have already exported a test or questionnaire file in IMS QTI format from another LMS and want
to import it in OLAT. Just follow the instructions in section "Import (learning resources)".
Five Steps to Your Test, Self-test or Questionnaire
Just follow the instructions below to create a simple test or questionnaire in no time before embedding it in
your course and activating it for your participants.
Step 1: Open course editor and insert course element
1 Search for your course in the tab
"Learning resources" and open it.
2 Click on "Course editor" in the toolbox
"Course tools" on your right.
3 Select "Test," "Self-test" or
"Questionnaire" in the toolbox "Insert
course elements" on your right.
4 Select position at which your course
element should be inserted and save
your settings.
5 Indicate a short title for your
course element in the tab "Title and
description" and save your settings.
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Step 2: Create a test or questionnaire file
1 Click on "Choose, create or import
file" in the tab "Configuration test/selftest/questionnaire."
2 Click on "Create."
3 Indicate title and description of your
test and save your settings.
4 Click on "Next."
Your file is now created and consists of one section as well as one single-choice question by default. If there
are no such questions in your test you can delete that default single-choice question as soon as you have added
any other question.
Step 3: Edit test or questionnaire and add new question (e.g. multiple choice)
1 Click on "Edit."
2 Select your type of question (e.g.
multiple choice) in the toolbox "Add"
on your right.
3 Select position at which your new
question should be inserted and save
your settings.
4 Indicate title and configuration
(optional) in the tab "Meta data" and
save your settings.
5 Click on the pencil icon next to
"New question" in the tab "Question/
answers" before editing your question
and saving your settings.
6 Select "Add new answer" several times
(number depending on possibilities)
before editing your answers and saving
your settings.
7 In your test check all answer options
that are correct and save your settings.
8 Modify assessment method (optional)
and save your settings.
9 Indicate feedback in the next tab
(optional) and save your settings.
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In following the same pattern you can now add additional questions of your favored type. Use sections to
organize your questions.
Step 4: Save test or questionnaire
1 Click on "Close/Save" in the toolbox
"Editor tools" on your right.
2 Save your settings.
Step 5: Publish and activate your course
1 Navigate back to your course editor.
2 Click on "Publish" in the toolbox
"Editor tools" on your right.
3 Click on course element before
clicking on "Next."
4 Select "All registered OLAT users"
from the pull-down menu, section
"Modify course access."
5 Click on "Finish."
Your test or questionnaire is now embedded and can be used by your course participants.
Test and Questionnaire Editor in Detail
Format and Standardization
Tests and questionnaires will be stored in a standardized format, the so-called IMS QTI format (version 1.2).
For more information please go to the following website of IMS.
Creating and saving tests and questionnaires in a standardized format enables you to use them as course
elements in different OLAT courses on the one hand; on the other you can apply your tests and questionnaires
in other LMS that support the same version of that IMS QTI format.
In tests or questionnaires you can also include multimedia files.
Types of Questions
There are five different types of questions to be explained in the following:
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Type of Question Description
Single Choice
A single-choice question comprises
a question and at least two answers;
only one of them can be selected. In a
test only one of those two answers is
correct.
Multiple-Choice
A multiple-choice question comprises
one question and at least two answers;
several answers can be selected. In a test
several answers can be correct.
Kprim
A Kprim question can only be used
in a test. It comprises one answer and
exactly four answers. The one taking
that test has to decide for every single
answer if it is correct or not. 0 to 4
answers can be correct.
Cloze
In a cloze question terms are replaced
by gaps to be filled in by the one taking
the test or questionnaire. In a test you
provide the correct answers (synonyms
separated by semicolons) and decide at
the same time if there should be case
sensitivity or not.
Free text
A free-text question is only available in
a questionnaire. The one answering can
insert a text of his choice in a field of
any size.
Example
Structuring and Organization
Each test and each questionnaire has to comprise at least one section as well as one question. This is why there
is already a section ("New section") along with a single-choice question ("New question") when creating a test
or questionnaire. If you do not need a single-choice question in your test you can delete it as soon as you have
added another type of question. Just click on the title of a section or question on your left to be able to modify it.
Sections serve to give your tests or questionnaires a certain structure. For example you can pose general
questions at the beginning and therefore create a section "Preface." Your test or questionnaire can contain as
many sections as you like.
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If you want to add a new section or question just select "Add" in the tool box on your right before adding the
new element at a position of your choice. It is possible to delete or move sections or questions anytime. You
can even copy questions.
It is advisable to copy questions if there are questions with the same possibilities to answer, e.g. if
several questions could be answered by selecting a value between 1 and 5.
Display Options and Configuration
Further options regarding tests and questionnaires can be set at different levels:
On the test level you determine if a test should be taken within a certain period of time. If a test has some time
limit this can be recognized by the hourglass icon and the display of total time and time ending.
Options regarding feedback and solutions will be explained in the section "Hints to Solutions and Feedback in
a Test". Further information regarding scores can be found in "Scores in Tests".
On the section level you determine if there should be a time limit when working on a section, how many
questions from that section should appear in your test or questionnaire, and if the sequence of your questions
should be at random or not.
On the question level you will find more information on display and configuration options in the tab "Meta
data." Here you can also give hints and/or the correct solution (further described in the section "Hints to
Solutions and Feedback in a Test".
On the course level there are further display options. When embedding your test or questionnaire in a course
you will find these options in the tab "Test configuration" or "Questionnaire configuration." You can limit
the number of attempts to answer a question and determine how often a user may try and take a test. The
maximum to be specified is 20. If you specify for the first successful attempt to be valid though, a user is no
longer able to improve his test results with more tests. As long as the user fails to pass the test, he can try as
often as specified before. In order to prohibit a user to access other OLAT functions during a test, you can use
the option "Display only module, hide LMS". OLAT will be hidden during the test and only be visible again
after closing or completing the test. If you plan to forbid the menu navigation, one question after the other will
automatically appear; the person taking your test will not be able to navigate to another question. To display
the menu navigation is still possible; just use the option "Display menu navigation." You can also allow users
to make personal notes during a test. However, after that test those notes will no longer be available. When
terminating a test no results will be saved; when pausing all answers sent so far will be saved.
If you pause in a test with time limit it can very well be that your time is up when trying to continue.
If persons taking your test should see their results immediately after completing it select the option "Show
results after completing a test." Results can also be displayed on your course's homepage. When choosing this
option you can additionally indicate when those results should be made public. You can further determine how
detailed your display should be.
Scores in Tests
The minimum score to pass a test can be determined in the test editor on top-level. This score is only relevant
if your test is included in a course with the course element "Test."
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On the question level you determine how many points can be received with each question. The correct answer
to a single-choice question will gain all points; giving a wrong answer will gain 0 points. Indicate the score to
a certain question in the field "Score" of the tab "Question/answers."
Using a multiple-choice question means either scoring if all answers are correct or if one single correct answer
already counts. First decide on a method of assessment in the tab "Question/answers" and save your settings.
Then indicate the score for all correct answers or the score for each correct answer (right next to your answers).
The assessment of Kprim questions is preset. Three correct answers always gain half the score, four correct
answers mean full score. Indicate your maximum score in the tab "Question/answers."
If there are several possible answers to your cloze question separate them by semicolons. You can choose
between two different assessment methods: either scoring per all correct answers or scoring per one correct
answer. First decide on your method in the tab "Question/answers" and save your settings. Then either indicate
your score for all correct answers or for each single answer (right next to the cloze).
Hints to Solutions and Feedback in a Test
You can provide feedback immediately after having received a test result. Hints to solutions and/or the correct
solution will be displayed if the question has not been answered correctly. You determine in the tab "Meta
data" if hints and/or correct solutions should be displayed. Just indicate your hints and/or correct answers in
the corresponding fields.
By displaying feedback you can provide a separate feedback to each of your answers; this feedback will be
given immediately after having sent an answer. You can indicate your feedback in the tab "Feedback."
The option "Feedback (wrong answer)" is not effective if in a multiple-choice question no wrong
answers have been selected but not all correct answers have been checked.
Often feedback and hints to solutions are used in a self-test to give persons a helping hand in finding
the correct answers.
Source Code of Tests
Participants will not be able to see in the test's or self-test's source code which solutions are right or wrong;
answers will be sent to the OLAT server before being analyzed.
Modifications of Embedded Tests or Questionnaires
As soon as a test or questionnaire is embedded in a course you have only limited possibility to make
modifications. For more information please go to "Using Editors During Course Operation".
Archiving Results of Tests and Questionnaires
As soon as a course participant has completed a test, self-test or questionnaire and you have conducted
some data archiving you will be able to see its results. Results of self-tests and questionnaires will be stored
anonymously. After archiving you will dispose of the following data: persons (anonymized by sequential
number), questions dealt with, given answers, score (self-test). It is the same with test results but all data will
be stored personalized (first name, last name, user name).
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Select the link "Data archiving" in the course view from the tool box "Course tools." On your left go to "Test
and questionnaire." Start archiving and follow the instructions. Results will be available as Excel file that can
also be downloaded.
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Course Operation
You have granted access to your course; course participants are already working on your learning content. This
chapter explains which tools can be used by course authors during course operation, which additional features
are at their disposal and how they can archive course activities.
Using Editors During Course Operation
Modifications During Course Operation
Make modifications during course operation as usual by means of the course editor. You can delete, move, add
or copy course elements. As long as you do not publish your modifications they will not affect your ongoing
course.
You decide when your modifications should be presented. When trying to publish you will get a message on
how many users are working on your course at that very moment.
All users working on your course at that moment will have to restart the course. Test results or forum
contributions that have not been saved will be lost! If there are users of your course and it is possible to
publish your modifications at a later date we recommend canceling the publishing process and trying
again later.
Most users usually work on courses from Sunday till Friday between 10 a.m. and 10 p.m. It would
therefore be best to publish courses on Saturday morning.
Modifications in Tests, Self-tests and Questionnaires
As soon as a test, self-test or questionnaire is embedded in a course it is only possible to correct typing errors.
Open your test or questionnaire in the editor und make your modifications.
Embedded tests, self-tests, and questionnaires cannot be modified further. Let us assume that you could add
questions or check other answers as correct; then not all participants would have the same conditions any
longer. In addition results could have been saved that would no longer be assignable to that new version of
your test or questionnaire file. This is why editing embedded tests, self-tests and questionnaires is restricted.
If you want to add a question to your test or realize that you have checked a wrong answer as correct
you can copy and save your test in learning resources. In the course editor you can then replace your file
in that test course element before embedding that new test file. If there are some results already existing
they will be stored in your personal folder; you can then decide if OLAT should notify those course
participants that have already taken that test of your modifications. Now you can edit your new test file.
Using Course Tools
In addition to the course editor there are a number of other tools that can be started in the tool box "Course
tools" in your course on your top right.
Members management
Would you like to know who the members of your course are, and what rights they have? The member
management provides an overview of all users, sorted by rights - owner, coaches and participants.
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When opening the member management, you get a list of all owners of your course. By using the sections on
the left, you can navigate between the different rights. You can view the respective members, manage existing
and add new.
"Participants" enlists all users with participant rights to this course as well as all users that are members of
learning groups of the course. Should you be working with bookings, olat users that booked the course can
also be found here.
"Bookings" lists all bookings for this course, sorted by status.
Group Management
Do you want to see who has enrolled in your learning group? Or should there be another group for a planned
excursion? All modifications regarding existing groups or groups to be created have to be made in the group
management. There you will find an overview of all groups as well as group members.
When opening the group management you will get an overview of the number of learning groups, learning
areas and group members in your course. By means of the sections on your left you will get to a list containing
all groups. Using the option "Edit" enables you to modify groups and learning areas.
How to create and configure learning groups and how to administer group members has been described in the
section "Learning Groups and Learning Areas."
All course owners have access to the group management as well as members of a right group that hold rights
to use that group management. Tutors are only allowed to modify groups they have been assigned to.
Rights Management
Do you want certain users to have the right to use course tools but you do not want to provide them with owner
rights? In the rights management you can create right groups and grant access to certain course tools. How to
create and configure such groups is further described in the section "Right groups."
Tutors have the permission to use assessment tools in learning groups. It is not necessary to create a right group
for that purpose. However, tutors can only assess members of groups they have been assigned to.
All course owners have access to the rights management.
Data Archiving
By means of data archiving you upload files connected to your course in your personal folder. All archived data
will be stored in your personal folder, section "Private," sub-folder "Archive" by using course titles. You can
archive results of tests, self-tests or questionnaires, drop boxes containing task course elements, and log files.
Those archived files of tests, etc. will be stored in Excel format. You will dispose of information on when
a certain user has taken your test, how this user has replied to your questions and what score this user has
achieved. Archived self-tests and questionnaires will comprise anonymized user data.
Course results will also be stored in Excel format. In addition to results of tests, assessments and tasks also log
files will be archived. For further information please go to "Record of Course Activities".
When archiving tasks and solutions all attempts loaded into the drop box will be zipped. Contributions in
forums or file dialogs will be archived in the .rtf format. Attached files as well as the content of folders will
be added. Wiki pages will be zipped along with all uploaded files.
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When deleting a course all course data (but not the course elements!) will be stored in your personal
folder automatically.
All course owners have access to the data archiving tool as well as members of the respective right group.
Assessment Tool
In order to assess the course elements "Task" or "Assessment" and to assess tests manually you can dispose
of the assessment tool.
Subscribe to the notification service to be informed on new test results in your drop box.
You can assess according to users, groups or according to your course's structure. In the group assessment you
can have either all assessable course elements on display or only those to be assessed by yourself. By clicking
on "Display" only those elements will appear that are accessible for your group members.
When assessing tasks you should first download those results that your course participants have put in the
drop box. Then fill in the assessment form. How to assess a task (e.g. passed/failed or using a score) can be
defined in the configuration of the course element "Task." Assessment options cannot be modified within the
assessment tool.
If there are a lot of files in your drop box it is advisable to download all of those files at once by means
of the data archiving tool.
To assess the course element "Assessment" just fill in the assessment form.
Tests embedded in courses will be assessed automatically but you can have a look at different attempts in the
assessment tool as well as scores achieved. You can also modify the number of attempts manually or add a
personal comment.
By means of the bulk assessment you can assess several users at once. Just follow the instructions to learn how
to use such a bulk assessment.
All owners of courses have access to the assessment tool as well as members of a corresponding right group
and, last but not least, all tutors. Owners may assess all course participants, tutors only those they have been
assigned to.
Statistics
This course function provides you with statistics regarding access to your OLAT course. All course owners
have access to those statistics. You will receive data in the form of tables as well as in the form of charts.
Table data can be downloaded as Excel files (e.g. for further processing); charts can be downloaded as png
files to your computer.
Relevant for your total of course accesses are user clicks on a single course element; however, clicks on this
element's content will not be counted. If a user selects the Wiki from course navigation this click will count;
it will not count when clicking on a link within that Wiki.
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Statistics can be created per hour, per day, per weekday, per week, sorted by organization (e.g. University of
Zurich), by type of organization (e.g. university), by study level (e.g. bachelor), as well as by study field (e.g.
Psychology). Furthermore you can choose a certain period of time per day and per week during which any
course access should be displayed in your statistics.
QTI Test Statistics
This course function provides you with an statistical evaluation of all tests und questionnaires embedded in
your OLAT course. All course owners have access to the test statistics. Aggregated reports are provided for
as well as an in-depth analysis of each individual question. Other than the assessment tool, which offers a
wealth of information on test results of individual users, the QTI statistics tool enables you to evaluate tests as a
whole. This includes e.g. information on the average completion time, item difficulties of individual questions,
number of participants and how many participants passed the test.
After selecting a test or questionnaire for analysis, the overview report opens. You can find the navigation to
the left of the report itself, with which you can navigate between three aggregated reports and the individual
questions, which are arranged corresponding to the test composition. Question sections may be collapsed or
expanded. To the left of each question you can find the icon of the corresponding question type (single choice,
multiple choice, kprim, cloze and free text). A mouseover within the charts shows the exact report figure of
the respective bar or pie fraction.
Using Additional Course Features
In addition to the course editor and course tools there are other features at your disposal. A corresponding link
to those course features can be found in your course on your right in the section "General information."
Not all course features are generally active. If you cannot see a certain link to such a course feature it
has to be activated first (cp. the descriptions in the following sub-chapters).
Course Calendar
Each course has its own course calendar to be able to administer course events. Only course owners have the
write permission regarding that calendar. Course participants only have the permission to read; they cannot
create new events or edit existing ones.
You can also link events to a certain course element. Just select the corresponding course element in the tab
"Link" when creating or editing an event.
An example for such a link is to combine a certain deadline with the relevant course element "Task."
When subscribing to a course calendar that calendar will be copied to the calendar list of your personal calendar;
course events will be displayed there for you.
In the course calendar there will also be events regarding learning groups if you are member of such a group.
In the group management you can determine write permissions and visibility in learning group calendars.
If you do not want to use a course calendar you can deactivate it in the detailed view of your course; just click
on "Modify settings" in the tab "Calendar."
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Course Chat
By default there is a chat room for each course, the so-called course chat. It can be used as informal platform to
exchange information or as forum for experts; course authors can determine a certain time to answer questions
of their course participants.
Whenever there appears a letter icon next to the course chat link there are new messages waiting in the chat
room.
When entering the chat room your name will not be displayed. Only if you select the option "Show user name
in chat room" your name will be on display.
If you do not want to offer a course chat you can deactivate it in the detailed view of your course by selecting
"Modify settings" in the tab "Course chat."
Glossary
A glossary serves to explain terms to be found in your course. Texts of a course will be searched for glossary
terms; results will be marked accordingly. When moving the cursor over such a term its definition will be
displayed.
If you want to use such a glossary in your course you have to create one first in learning resources. A
corresponding link can be found on your right in the tool box "Create." In the tab "Term and synonyms" you
can determine the technical terms to be explained as well as these terms' synonyms. In the tab "Flexions" you
can also identify flexions of a term if a "Morphologic service" is available. Course participants will not only be
able to see a term's definition when moving the cursor over that term (e.g. referendum) but also when moving
it over that term's flexions (e.g. referendums, referendum's). In the tab "Definition" you can finally comment
on these technical terms.
After creating your glossary open the detailed view of your course and select that glossary in the tab "Glossary,"
section "Modify settings." In your course there will be a link to that glossary; course participants will be able
to activate or deactivate it.
The alphabetical index of the glossary can be deactivated in the section "Alphabetical index" in the detailed
view of your glossary. The section "Write permissions" allows you to activate write permissions for all system
users, thus creating a collaborative glossary.
In order to allow only course participants to add or edit such glossary terms, disable the write persmissions for
all users, create a corresponding right group and allow that group to use the glossary tool.
If you do not need a glossary anymore or if you want to use another one you can modify your settings in
the detailed view of your course via "Modify settings" in the tab "Glossary." Per course only one glossary is
allowed.
Evidence of Achievement
An evidence of achievement is the confirmation of an efficiency control and can include taken tests or submitted
and assessed tasks. If you want to use such evidences in your course open the detailed view of your course and
select this option in the tab "Evidence of achievement," section "Modify settings."
The according link will only appear in your course if there is also an assessable course element. This link cannot
be operated as long as course participants have not taken a test or the assessment of a task is still lacking.
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If you do not want to offer evidences of achievement anymore you can deactivate this option in the detailed
view of your course in the tab "Evidence of achievement," section "Modify settings."
Evidences already existing will then no longer be visible. As soon as you offer this option anew your
participants can dispose of their evidences along with new data. If you choose to delete a course that
contains evidences of achievement your users will still be able to see their own evidences.
Record of Course Activities
OLAT records course activities of participants and authors in so-called log files. By using the data archiving
tool you can download those log files to your personal folder.
There are two sorts of log files. The administrator log file records personalized data of course authors. In the
user log file activities of course participants will appear. User data in the user log file will be anonymized by
using a sequential number generated randomly. This number persists throughout the course. Thus it is possible
to observe activities of participant X in course Y but you will not be able to compare these data with course
Z since your participant will get another number in course Z. How detailed data should be stored in log files
can be determined in the detailed view of your course in the tab "Log files," section "Modify settings." Open
the context-sensitive Help in that tab and follow the according link if you want to learn more about available
log file entries.
To analyze course activities it is necessary to correctly set up the data recording when creating a new
OLAT course. Click on "Modify settings" in the detailed view of your course before selecting the tab
"Log files." Then choose the value "Detailed (INFO + FINE)" in the section "User log file." The preset
option "Normal (INFO)" only records course visits but not visits on every single page. Modifying these
settings will be effective immediately.
Options to analyze log files graphically will be further described in the section "Statistics".
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Supported Technologies
This chapter contains several instructions regarding technologies that can be useful when working with OLAT.
The following is meant for OLAT authors who frequently use this software.
First you will find further information here on eLML, a means to create e-learning content. Secondly you will
get instructions regarding the use of WebDAV to make file transfer easier from your local computer to OLAT
folders. In addition you will learn more about using external chat clients to be able to record chat protocols.
Using eLML to Create E-Learning Content
eLML (eLesson Markup Language) is a markup language based on XML to create structured e-learning content.
It is open-source and often used for large-scale e-learning projects in case you want to provide lessons in
different output formats and in various LMS.
There are two essential reasons to use eLML when creating learning content: unity as well as flexible output
options. Lessons created in eLML are built uniformly since they follow structures consistent with educational
guidelines. However, these structures are flexible enough to allow for various learning scenarios.
In eLML data will strictly be separated from their representation which means that content is independent of
its layout. Thus modifications of contents are made only in one place. If a lesson is available in eLML format
it will be possible to transform it at the push of a button into different output formats such as (X)HTML for
Web, SCORM or IMS-Content-Packaging for LMS, PDF, Corporate Identities, etc.
For further information please go to the eLML web page.
Using WebDAV
WebDAV means "Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning;" it is an open standard to transfer files
online. OLAT supports this protocol and thus helps you to easily transfer files from your computer to OLAT
folders.
Advantages of WebDAV
Without WebDAV it is only possible to upload files in OLAT by means of ordinary upload forms. You
can either select each single file separately or several zipped files at once. With WebDAV you can use
"Drag&Drop" on your computer (e.g. via the Windows Explorer) to copy single files as well as entire directories
into OLAT folders.
WebDAV Compatible OLAT Folders
Via WebDAV you can access the following OLAT folders:
•
Personal folder
•
Folders of project groups, learning groups, right groups
•
Storage folders of courses (course owners only)
•
Resource folders (resource folder owners only)
Requirements
In order to get access to a folder in OLAT via WebDAV you need:
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•
WebDAV link: WebDAV address of OLAT server (as indicated below, WebDAV compatible folders),
•
Your OLAT user name,
•
Your OLAT/WebDAV password.
You can set your WebDAV password on your homepage, section "Settings." Just select the link
"Settings" before clicking on the button "Set password" in the tab "WebDAV." If you already have an
OLAT password you can use this one to access WebDAV.
WebDAV Connection Setup
Windows XP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Open the network environment on your computer.
Select "Add network resource." A wizard will be opened.
Click on "Next."
Double-click on "Select other network resource."
Indicate your WebDAV link as internet or network address.
Click on "Next."
Click on "Yes" to confirm the security advice.
Indicate your OLAT user name and password.
Indicate a name for that link or accept the suggested one.
Click on "Finish."
Windows Vista
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Click on "Computer" in the start menu.
Click on "Assign network drive" in the menu bar (via "Further commands").
Select at the bottom the option "Connecting to website."
Click on "Next."
Check the option "Select user defined network source."
Click on "Next."
Indicate your WebDAV link as internet or network address.
Click on "Next."
Indicate your OLAT user name and password.
You can then insert a name for your WebDAV connection.
Click on "Finish."
If you should get the error message "This folder is invalid" you can download the "Software Update
for Web Folders" from Microsoft and execute it on your computer. Now you should no longer get
that error message.
Windows 7
1.
2.
3.
4.
Click on "Computer" in the start menu.
In the new window click on "Connect to network drive" in the upper menu bar.
At the bottom select the option "Establish connection with a website."
Click on "Next."
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Choose the option "Select user-defined network resource."
Click on "Next."
Indicate your WebDAV link as Internet or network address.
Click on "Next."
Now provide your OLAT user name and password.
You have also the possibility to choose a name for your WebDAV connection.
Click on "Finish."
If you should get the error message "This folder is invalid" you can download the "Software Update
for Web Folders" from Microsoft and execute it on your computer. Now you should no longer get
that error message.
Mac
1.
2.
3.
Open the menu "Go to" in the Finder and then "Connecting to server..." Indicate your WebDAV link.
Provide your OLAT user name and password.
Click on "OK."
Linux
There are three possibilities for Linux users:
1.
2.
3.
KDE: in the Konqueror indicate webdavs:// + user name + @ + WebDAV link. Example:
webdavs://[email protected]/olat/webdav/.
Gnome: davs://
+ user name + @ + WebDAV link. Example: davs://
[email protected]/olat/webdav/.
FUSE: WebDAV directories can be mounted directly into the file system (also compatible to OSX; for
more information please go to the FUSE website.
Folder Structure
If you have setup the connection successfully a directory will be opened on your computer containing the
following sub-directories:
•
•
•
•
coursefolders: storage folder of all courses you own. This concerns most and for all users holding author
rights. All other users will only see an empty directory.
groupfolders: project groups, learning groups, right groups you are enrolled in and have access to
corresponding folders.
home: both of your personal folders (along with the sub-folders "private" and "public").
sharedfolders: All resource folders you own. This concerns most and for all users holding author rights.
All other users will find an empty directory.
Using External Chat Clients
Instead of OLAT's chat features you can use other chat clients as well. Here you will learn more about using
the Psi Chat Client but you can also use other chat software (e.g. iChat).
Advantages of External Chat Clients
In contrast to the OLAT chat using external chat clients means
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•
recording chat protocols,
•
chatting without OLAT login,
•
chatting even if the OLAT chat is deactivated and
•
knowing when your chat partner types a reply.
Requirements
We recommend using the Psi Chat Client for free. Download its software from the Psi website and install it on
your computer. Mac users might want to use iChat as well.
Additional requirements:
•
Chat server link: jabber. + address of your OLAT server. Example: jabber.olat.uzh.ch,
•
your OLAT user name and
•
your Instant Messaging password.
You will find your Instant-Messaging password on your homepage, section "Settings," in the tab
"Instant Messaging."
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Setup of External Chat Client
1 Start Psi, click on the button at the bottom on your left
and select "Account Setup."
2 Click on "Add" to add a new account.
3 Fill in the field "Name" before clicking on "Add."
4 Indicate your Jabber ID. It comprises your OLAT user
name followed by the Chat Server link.
5 Save your settings.
6 Click on the button at the bottom on your right and go
online.
7 Now you will see other members of your project groups.
Double-click on the name of your chat partner to write a
message.
Recording and Viewing Chat Protocols
Before recording chat protocols (History) you should make sure that you have selected "Log message history"
in Psi, section "Account Setup."
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There are two possibilities to view chat protocols:
1.
2.
Double-click on the name of your chat partner. Click on the button on your right above the input field
and select "Message history."
All protocols will be stored on your computer via \PsiData\profiles\default
\history. Open those protocols in a text editor to have a look at them.
Participating in a Course Chat
If you want to participate in a course chat by means of an external chat client just select in the menu on your
left the link "Service Discovery" before choosing "Public Chatrooms." Double-click on a course, indicate a
"Nickname" and enter the chat room by clicking on the button "Join."
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Index
AAI attributes: 49
Access: 48
Accumulative folder: 13
Administrator log file: 99
Artefact: 13, 15, 36, 80
Assessment (course element): 35, 55, 96
Assessment tool: 55, 77, 96
Assignment: 55
Author rights: 6, 7, 26, 40
Blog (learning resources): 24, 72
Blog (course element): 34, 53, 72
Blog (external): 74
Booking method: 17, 44
Bookings: 13, 95
Bookmark: 12, 26, 28, 30
Browser: 9
Browser check: 9
Bulk assessment: 96
Calendar: 12
Course calendar: 37, 37, 45, 60, 97
Catalog: 25, 29, 43
Chat: 11, 15, 102
Chat protocols: 104
Close (course): 29
Cloze question: 90
Collecting function: 62
CP (Content Packaging): 23
Context-sensitive Help: 5
Course: 23, 30, 40, 94
Course chat: 38, 44, 98, 105
Course editor: 46, 94
Course elements: 30, 46, 49
Course preview: 61
Course tools: 94
Course view: 27
CP learning content (course element): 51, 51
CP editor: 63
Data archiving: 92, 95
Depending on assessment: 47
Depending on attribute: 47
Depending on date: 47
Depending on group: 47
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Detailed view: 27, 43
Display (of course elements): 47
Drop box: 36, 37, 55, 95, 96
Editor tools: 46, 61
eLML: 100
E-mail: 37
E-Mail (course element): 60
E-Mail: 13
Enrolment (course element): 18, 30, 58
ePortfolio: 13, 79
Event: 12
Evidence of achievement: 13, 38, 45, 98
Expert mode: 48
Export: 28
External chat client: 102
Links (to courses): 27
External page (course element): 51
Feedback (in a test): 92
File dialog (course element): 31, 54
Folder (course element): 34, 52
Font size: 11
Forum (course element): 30, 54
Free-text question: 90
Full-text search: 15
Glossary: 25, 38, 45, 98
Group administrator: 7
Group management: 18, 19, 20, 20, 95
Guest access: 7, 9, 28
Hints to solutions (in a test): 92
Home: 11
HTML editor: 50
iCal: 37
Import: 26, 28
IMS: 23, 25, 51
Instant Messaging password: 103
Instant Messaging status: 15
Kprim question: 90
Languages: 11
Layout: 44
Learning area: 19
Learning groups: 18, 58, 95
Learning resource administrator: 7
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Learning resources: 23
Link list: 60
Links (on course elements): 47
Log files: 95, 99
LTI page (course element): 51
Members management: 94
Quota: 13
Multiple-choice question: 90
My entries: 26
Notes: 13, 38
Notifications: 11, 12
Notifications (course element): 59
Open-source: 6, 7
Owner: 8, 26, 27, 28, 29, 47, 60
Participant list: 59
Personal folder: 12, 100
Person responsible for topics: 83
Podcast (learning resources): 24, 69
Podcast (course element): 34, 53, 69
Podcast (external): 71
Portfolio task: 13, 24, 36, 55, 79
Profile: 11
Project groups: 7, 16, 104
Publish: 42, 61, 94
QTI: 25, 56, 86, 87, 89
QTI Test Statistics: 97
Questionnaire (learning resources): 25, 86
Questionnaire (course element): 32, 57
Resource folder: 25, 44, 61, 100
Return box: 36, 37, 55
Right groups: 21, 95
Rights management: 21, 95
RSS: 34, 34
Sample solution: 36, 55, 78
SCORM learning content (learning resources): 23
SCORM learning content (course element): 52
Search mask: 26
Section: 90
Self-test (course element): 32, 56, 86
Session: 9
Session timeouts: 9
Single-choice question: 90
Single page (course element): 50
Statistics: 96
Storage folder: 50, 61, 100
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Structure (course element): 49
Subscribe: 12, 31, 31, 33
Subscription: 12
System administrator: 7
Tag: 13
Task (course element): 35, 55, 75, 95, 96
Test (learning resources): 25, 86
Test (course element): 32, 56
Test results: 25, 32, 92
Time limit: 91
Topic assignment (course element): 36, 58, 83
Topic authors: 36, 58
Tutor: 20, 35, 35, 36, 47, 55, 60, 95, 96
Types of questions: 89
User administrator: 7
User log file: 99
User name: 7, 38
Visibility: 47
Visiting card: 11, 13
visiting card: 60
vitero: 60
Waiting list: 19, 58
WebDAV: 12, 100
WebDAV password: 101
Website accessibility: 9
Wiki (learning resources): 24, 66
Wiki (course element): 32, 53, 66
107
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