user`s manual table of contents fire safety tips before you install this

USER’S MANUAL
HOW TO INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
SMOKE AND FIRE* ALARM
WITH TEN-YEAR NON-REPLACEABLE
LITHIUM POWER CELLS
THE PARTS OF THIS SMOKE ALARM
Parts of the Smoke Alarm Cover
1. Mounting bracket
2. Keyhole Shaped Mounting Slot “RPON”
3. Keyhole Shaped Mounting Slot “FGHI”
4. Alignment Arrow On Mounting Bracket
5. Raised Activation Tab
6. Deactivation Tab (located under label)
7. Alignment Tab On Alarm
8. Turn to attach to bracket
9. Turn this way to remove from bracket
Parts of the Smoke Alarm Cover
1. Clear test button
2. Blue “Push To Silence” button
1
2
TOOLS YOU WILL NEED:
This unit is designed to be mounted on the ceiling,
or on the wall if necessary.
• Pencil
• Drill with 3/16” (5 mm)
drill bit
• Standard/flathead
screwdriver
• Hammer
IF YOU SUSPECT A PROBLEM
INSTALLING SMOKE ALARMS IN MOBILE HOMES & RVS
Smoke Alarms may not operate properly because of dead or weak
power cells, a build-up of dirt, dust or grease on the Smoke Alarm
cover, or installation in an improper location. Clean the Smoke Alarm as
described in “Regular Maintenance,” and test the Smoke Alarm again.
If it fails to test properly when you use the test button, or if the problem
persists, replace the Smoke Alarm immediately.
For minimum security install one Smoke Alarm as close to each sleeping
area as possible. For more security, put one unit in each room. Many
older mobile homes (especially those built before 1978) have little or no
insulation. If your mobile home is not well insulated, or if you are unsure
of the amount of insulation, it is important to install units on inside walls
only. Smoke Alarms should be installed where temperatures normally
remain between 40˚F (4˚C) and 100˚F (38˚C). WARNING: Test units used
in RVs after the vehicle has been in storage, before every trip, and
once a week while in use. Failure to test units used in RVs as
described may remove your protection.
•
If you experience frequent non-emergency alarms (like those
caused by cooking smoke), try relocating the Smoke Alarm.
•
If the alarm sounds when no smoke is visible, try cleaning or
relocating the Smoke Alarm. The cover may be dirty.
•
If the alarm no longer sounds during testing, replace the Smoke
Alarm! If the Smoke Alarm was properly activated, and had previously alarmed during testing, the power cells are at the end of their
service life. (See “Regular Maintenance.”)
•
If the alarm will not silence when you use the Silence feature,
DO NOT IGNORE THE ALARM! This indicates a potentially
dangerous situation.
•
If the Smoke Alarm “chirps” about once a minute (for more than
30 minutes), Replace the Smoke Alarm! (See “Regular
Maintenance.”) This is the low power cell warning.
FOLLOW THESE SIMPLE STEPS!
1. Locate the mounting bracket and find the two keyhole shaped
slots marked “RPON” and “FGHI.”
2. Place the bracket on the wall or ceiling where you want to
mount the alarm.
3. Hold the mounting bracket against the ceiling (or wall) and trace
around the inside of the two keyhole slots labeled “RPON” and
“FGHI”. (Fig. 1)
Model SA10YR
07/02
4. Make a mark inside each outline for the drill holes. Line one
mark up with the letter “P” in the slot labeled “RPON,” and the
other with the letter “H” in the slot marked “FGHI. This will help
line your screws up correctly and make it easier to attach the
mounting bracket. (Fig. 2)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Fire Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Before You Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
How To Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
To Deactivate the Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
If This Smoke Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
What To Do In Case Of Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Using the Silence Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
If You Suspect A Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Recommended Locations For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
About Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Special Compliance Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Limitations Of Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
All Rights Reserved. © 2002 BRK Brands, Inc.
BRK Brands, Inc., 3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005 • www.firstalert.com
Fig. 2
Fig. 1
5. Using a 3/16-inch (5 mm) drill bit, drill a hole through each pencil mark.
Follow safety rules and prevent hazardous situations: 1) Use smoking
materials properly. Never smoke in bed. 2) Keep matches or lighters
away from children; 3) Store flammable materials in proper containers;
4) Keep electrical appliances in good condition and don’t overload electrical circuits; 5) Keep stoves, barbecue grills, fireplaces and chimneys
grease- and debris-free; 6) Never leave anything cooking on the stove
unattended; 7) Keep portable heaters and open flames, like candles,
away from flammable materials; 8) Don’t let rubbish accumulate.
Keep alarms clean, and test them weekly. Replace alarms immediately if
they are not working properly. Smoke Alarms that do not work cannot alert
you to a fire. Keep at least one working fire extinguisher on every floor, and
an additional one in the kitchen. Have fire escape ladders or other reliable
means of escape from an upper floor in case stairs are blocked.
BEFORE YOU INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
IMPORTANT! Read “Recommended Locations for Smoke Alarms” and
“Locations to Avoid for Smoke Alarms” before beginning. This unit
monitors the air, and when smoke reaches its sensing chamber, it
alarms. It can give you more time to escape before fire spreads. This
unit can ONLY give an early warning of developing fires if it is installed,
maintained and located where smoke can reach it, and where all residents can hear it, as described in this manual. This unit will not sense
gas, heat, or flame. It cannot prevent or extinguish fires.
Understand The Different Type of Smoke Alarms
Battery powered or electrical? Different Smoke Alarms provide
different types of protection. See “About Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know Where To Install Your Smoke Alarms
Fire Safety Professionals recommend at least one Smoke Alarm on every
level of your home, in every bedroom, and in every bedroom hallway or
separate sleeping area. See “Recommended Locations For Smoke
Alarms” and “Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know What Smoke Alarms Can and Can’t Do
A Smoke Alarm can help alert you to fire, giving you precious time to
escape. It can only sound an alarm once smoke reaches the sensor.
See “Limitations of Smoke Alarms” for details.
Check Your Local Building Codes
This Smoke Alarm is designed to be used in a typical single-family
home. It alone will not meet requirements for boarding houses, apartment buildings, hotels or motels. See “Special Compliance
Considerations” for details.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
This unit will not alert hearing impaired residents. It is recommended that you install special units which use devices like
flashing strobe lights to alert the hearing impaired residents.
Do not connect this unit to any other alarm or auxiliary device.
It is a single-station unit that cannot be linked to other devices.
Connecting anything else to this unit may prevent it from working properly.
This Smoke Alarm cannot detect smoke until you activate it.
You must activate the unit for it to receive power from the
power cells. Failure to activate the unit will prevent the alarm
from providing any warning of smoke or fire.
The power cells in this unit cannot be replaced—once they
reach the end of their service life, you must install a new Smoke
Alarm. You must deactivate the unit before disposing of it.
3. Test the Smoke Alarm. Press and hold the test button on the
cover of the unit until the alarm sounds (the unit may continue to
alarm for a few seconds after you release the button). During
testing, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps, pause. If the unit does not alarm during testing, call Consumer Affairs for assistance.
ATTACH SMOKE ALARM TO MOUNTING BRACKET
1. Line up the alignment tab on the unit with the alignment tab on
the mounting bracket. Push the unit toward the bracket, and turn
it clockwise until you feel it snap into place.
7. Tighten the screws (provided) into the screw
anchors, then loosen them 2 turns.
2. Test the unit again. Press the clear test button until the horn
begins sounding. During testing, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
9. Rotate the mounting bracket (to the right) until it fits around the
second screw head. Then move the bracket so the second
screw lines up with the “H” printed on the bracket.
10. Tighten both screws all the way.
WEEKLY TESTING
•
NEVER use an open flame of any kind to test this unit. You
might accidentally damage or set fire to the unit or to your
home. The built-in test switch accurately tests the unit’s operation as required by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL). If you
choose to use an aerosol smoke product to test the Smoke
Alarm, be certain to use one that has been Listed to
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. Safety Standards, and use it
only as directed. Use of non-UL Listed products or improper use
of UL Listed products may affect the Smoke Alarm’s sensitivity,
and may void your warranty.
If the Alarm ever fails to test properly, replace it immediately.
Products under warranty may be returned to the manufacturer
for replacement. See “Limited Warranty”.
DO NOT stand close to the Alarm when the horn is sounding.
Exposure at close range may be harmful to your hearing. When
testing, step away when horn starts sounding.
It is important to test this unit every week to make sure it is working
properly. Using the test button is the recommended way to test this
Smoke Alarm. Press and hold the test button on the cover of the unit
until the alarm sounds (the unit may continue to alarm for a few seconds
after you release the button). During testing you will hear a loud,
repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
TO DEACTIVATE THE SMOKE ALARM (continued)
After 10 years or after the “low power warning” sounds
(whichever comes first):
1. Remove the label on the bottom of the unit
and locate the flat round tab.
2. Insert a flathead screwdriver in the slot and
turn clockwise (to the right) until the tab
comes out. This will discharge the power cells
and deactivate the unit.
3. Once you deactivate this unit, it will not detect
smoke or alarm. It cannot be reactivated.
You must install a new unit to continue your
protection.
4. Install a new Smoke Alarm immediately!
IF THIS SMOKE ALARM SOUNDS
RESPONDING TO AN ALARM
During an alarm, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern:
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
•
•
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
This unit has been designed to be as maintenance free as possible, but
there are a few simple things you must do to keep it working properly.
• Test it at least once a week.
• Clean the Smoke Alarm at least once a month; gently vacuum the
outside of the Smoke Alarm using your household vacuum’s soft
brush attachment. Test the Smoke Alarm. Never use water, cleaners
or solvents since they may damage the unit.
•
•
If the Smoke Alarm becomes contaminated by excessive dirt, dust
and/or grime, and cannot be cleaned to avoid unwanted alarms,
replace the unit immediately.
Relocate the unit if it sounds frequent unwanted alarms. See
“Locations to Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
When the power cells become weak, the Smoke Alarm unit will “chirp”
about once a minute (the low power warning). This low power warning
should last for 30 days, but you should replace the Smoke Alarm immediately to continue your protection. (To make sure you are truly hearing
the low power warning and not the reminder for the Silence Feature,
wait at least 30 minutes before deactivating the Smoke Alarm.)
•
The power cells in this unit are not replaceable. Once they reach
the end of their service life, or after 10 years—whichever comes
first—you must install a new Smoke Alarm.
NOTE: The low power warning sounds like the reminder “chirp” for the
Silence Feature. When you activate the Silence Feature, the unit will
“chirp” about once a minute for up to 15 minutes as a reminder. To
make sure you are truly hearing the low power warning and not the
reminder for the Silence Feature, wait at least 30 minutes before deactivating the unit.
Continued...
2
If the unit alarms and you are not testing the unit, it is warning
you of a potentially dangerous situation that requires your
immediate attention. NEVER ignore any alarm. Ignoring the
alarm may result in injury or death.
Never remove the power cells from this Smoke Alarm to stop an
unwanted alarm (caused by cooking smoke, etc.). Removing the
power cells disables the alarm so it cannot sense smoke, and
removes your protection. Instead use the Silence feature, then
open a window or fan the smoke away from the unit. The
Smoke Alarm will reset automatically.
If the unit alarms get everyone out of the house immediately.
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE
•
Don’t panic; stay calm. Follow your family escape plan.
•
Get out of the house as quickly as possible. Don’t stop to
get dressed or collect anything.
•
Feel doors with the back of your hand before opening them.
If a door is cool, open it slowly. Don’t open a hot door. Keep doors
and windows closed, unless you must escape through them.
•
Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth (preferably damp).
Take short, shallow breaths.
•
Meet at your planned meeting place outside your home,
and do a head count to make sure everybody got out safely.
•
Call the Fire Department as soon as possible from outside.
Give your address, then your name.
•
Never go back inside a burning building for any reason.
•
Contact your Fire Department for ideas on making your home safer.
TO DEACTIVATE THE SMOKE ALARM
Do not install this unit over an electrical junction box. Air currents
around junction boxes can prevent smoke from reaching the
sensing chamber and prevent the unit from alarming. Only AC
powered units are intended for installation over junction boxes.
Do not stand too close to the unit when the alarm is sounding. It
is loud to wake you in an emergency. Exposure to the horn at
close range may harm your hearing.
Do not paint over the unit. Paint may clog the openings to the
sensing chamber and prevent the unit from operating properly.
1
LIMITED WARRANTY
2. Insert a large coin or screwdriver
in the slot. Turn clockwise (to the
right) 1/2 turn until the tab comes
out. This activates the power
cells.If you have trouble activating
the unit, call Consumer Affairs at:
1-800-323-9005 for assistance.
6. Insert the plastic screw anchors (in the plastic bag with screws)
into the holes. Tap the screw anchors gently with a hammer, if
necessary, until they are flush with the ceiling or wall.
8. Hold the mounting bracket against the ceiling or wall so the
large end of slot “RPON” slides over the mounting screw. Line
the screw head up with the letter “P” printed on the bracket (in
the narrow end of the keyhole slot). You will notice the bracket
may not fit over the second screw. This is normal.
•
FIRE SAFETY TIPS
1. Find the raised tab on the
bottom of the alarm.
NOTE: You may hear a “beep” when you remove the activation
tab. This indicates the power cells have been activated correctly,
but you must still test the unit using the test button to make sure
it is working properly.
®
*All First Alert Smoke Alarms conform to regulatory requirements,
including UL217 and are designed to detect particles of combustion.
Smoke particles of varying number and size are produced in all fires.
Ionization technology is generally more sensitive than photoelectric
technology at detecting small particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by flaming fires, which consume combustible
materials rapidly and spread quickly. Sources of these fires may include
paper burning in a wastebasket, or a grease fire in the kitchen.
Photoelectric technology is generally more sensitive than ionization
technology at detecting large particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by smoldering fires, which may smolder for
hours before bursting into flame. Sources of these fires may include cigarettes burning in couches or bedding.
For maximum protection, use both types of Smoke Alarms on each
level of your home.
You must activate the power cells before attaching the Smoke
Alarm to the bracket.
Do not try fixing the alarm yourself – this will void your warranty!
If the Smoke Alarm is still not operating properly, and it is still under
warranty, please see “How to Obtain Warranty Service” in the Limited
Warranty below.
BRK Brands, Inc., ("BRK") the maker of First Alert® brand products warrants that for a period of ten years from the date of purchase, this product will be free from defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at its
option, will repair or replace this product or any component of the product found to be defective during the warranty period. Replacement will
be made with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the
product is no longer available, replacement may be made with a similar
product of equal or greater value. This is your exclusive warranty.
This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial retail purchase and is not transferable. Keep the original sales
receipt. Proof of purchase is required to obtain warranty performance.
BRK dealers, service centers, or retail stores selling BRK products do
not have the right to alter, modify or any way change the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting
from any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on
improper voltage or current, use contrary to the operating instructions,
disassembly, repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized service center. Further, the warranty does not cover Acts of God,
such as fire, flood, hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are
included with this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages
caused by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the
extent prohibited by applicable law, any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the
duration of the above warranty. Some states, provinces or jurisdictions
do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the
above limitations or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives
you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary
from state to state or province to province.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer.
In order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs
Division at 1-800-323-9005, 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Central Standard Time,
Monday through Friday. To assist us in serving you, please have the
model number and date of purchase available when calling.
This Smoke Alarm is designed to operate for 10 years, and is backed by
a 10-year limited warranty. To date, the actual alarm, however, has not
been tested for 10 years. The power cells in this Smoke Alarm are not
replaceable. When they reach the end of their service life, you must
replace the entire Smoke Alarm to continue your protection.
RECOMMENDED LOCATIONS FOR
SMOKE ALARMS
Installing Smoke Alarms in Single-Family Residences
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), recommends one
Smoke Alarm on every floor, in every sleeping area, and in every bedroom. In new construction, the Smoke Alarms must be AC powered and
interconnected. See “Agency Placement Recommendations” for details.
For additional coverage, it is recommended that you install a Smoke
Alarm in all rooms, halls, storage areas, finished attics, and basements,
where temperatures normally remain between 40˚F (4˚C) and 100˚F
(38˚C). Make sure no door or other obstruction could keep smoke from
reaching the Smoke Alarms.
More specifically, install Smoke Alarms:
• On every level of your home, including finished attics and basements.
• Inside every bedroom, especially if people sleep with the door partly
or completely closed.
• In the hall near every sleeping area. If your home has multiple sleeping areas, install a unit in each. If a hall is over 40 feet (12 meters)
long, install an alarm at each end.
• At the top of the first-to-second floor stairway, and at bottom of
basement stairway.
The Silence Feature does not disable the unit—it makes it temporarily less sensitive to smoke. For your safety, if smoke around
the unit is dense enough to suggest a potentially dangerous situation, it will stay in alarm, or may re-alarm quickly. If you do not
know the source of the smoke, do not assume it is an unwanted
alarm. Not responding to an alarm can result in property loss, injury
or death.
3
NFPA 72 (National Fire Code)
Smoke Alarms shall be installed in each separate sleeping room, outside
each sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms and on
each additional story of the family living unit, including basements and
excluding crawl spaces and unfinished attics.
In new construction, Alarms shall be so arranged that operation of any
one Alarm shall cause the operation of all Alarms within the dwelling.
Smoke Detection-Are More Smoke Alarms Desirable? The required
number of Smoke Alarms might not provide reliable early warning protection for those areas separated by a door from the areas protected by
the required Smoke Alarms. For this reason, it is recommended that the
householder consider the use of additional Smoke Alarms for those
areas for increased protection. The additional areas include the basement, bedrooms, dining room, furnace room, utility room, and hallways
not protected by the required Smoke Alarms. The installation of Smoke
Alarms in kitchens, attics (finished or unfinished), or garages is not normally recommended, as these locations occasionally experience conditions that can result in improper operation.
California State Fire Marshal (CSFM)
Early warning detection is best achieved by the installation of fire detection equipment in all rooms and areas of the household as follows: A
Smoke Alarm installed in each separate sleeping area (in the vicinity, but
outside bedrooms), and Heat or Smoke Alarms in the living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, hallways, finished attics, furnace rooms,
closets, utility and storage rooms, basements, and attached garages.
BEDROOM
BEDROOM
KITCHEN
DINING ROOM
BEDROOM
HALL
LIVING ROOM
KITCHEN
LIVING ROOM
BEDROOM
FINISHED BASEMENT
SINGLE-STORY RESIDENCE, APARTMENT,
MOBILE HOME
MULTI-STORY RESIDENCE
KEY:
REQUIRED TO
MEET NFPA
RECOMMENDATIONS
SMOKE ALARMS WITH SILENCE
FEATURES RECOMMENDED FOR
ADDITIONAL PROTECTION
RECOMMENDED
FOR ADDITIONAL
PROTECTION
BEDROOM
BEDROOM
KITCHEN
DINING ROOM
BEDROOM
HALL
LIVING ROOM
KITCHEN
BEDROOM
FINISHED BASEMENT
LIVING ROOM
SINGLE-STORY RESIDENCE, APARTMENT,
MOBILE HOME
This Smoke Alarm alone is not a suitable substitute for complete fire
detection systems in places housing many people—like apartment
buildings, condominiums, hotels, motels, dormitories, hospitals, longterm health care facilities, nursing homes, day care facilities, or group
homes of any kind—even if they were once single-family homes. It is not
a suitable substitute for complete fire detection systems in warehouses,
industrial facilities, commercial buildings, and special-purpose non-residential buildings which require special fire detection and alarm systems.
Depending on the building codes in your area, this Smoke Alarm may be
used to provide additional protection in these facilities.
The following information applies to all four building types below:
In new construction, most building codes require the use of AC or AC/DC
powered Smoke Alarms only. AC, AC/DC, or DC powered Smoke Alarms
can be used in existing construction as specified by local building codes.
Refer to NFPA 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life Safety
Code), local building codes, or consult your Fire Department for detailed
fire protection requirements in buildings not defined as “households.”
1. Single-Family Residence:
Single family home, townhouse. It is recommended Smoke Alarms be
installed on every level of the home, in every bedroom, and in each bedroom hallway.
2. Multi-Family or Mixed Occupant Residence:
Apartment building, condominium. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use
in individual apartments or condos, provided a primary fire detection
system already exists to meet fire detection requirements in common
areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in
common areas may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or
meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
3. Institutions:
Hospitals, day care facilities, long-term health care facilities. This Smoke
Alarm is suitable for use in individual patient sleeping/resident rooms,
provided a primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire
detection requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or
porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may not provide
sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
4. Hotels and Motels:
Also boarding houses and dormitories. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for
use inside individual sleeping/resident rooms, provided a primary fire
detection system already exists to meet fire detection requirements in
common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke
Alarm in common areas may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
LOCATIONS TO AVOID FOR SMOKE ALARMS
For best performance, AVOID installing Smoke Alarms in these
areas:
•
Where combustion particles are produced. Combustion particles
form when something burns. Areas to avoid include poorly ventilated
kitchens, garages, and furnace rooms. Keep units at least 20 feet
(6 meters) from the sources of combustion particles (stove, furnace,
water heater, space heater) if possible. Ventilate these areas as
much as possible.
•
In air streams near kitchens. Air currents can draw cooking smoke
into the sensing chamber of a Smoke Alarm near the kitchen.
•
In very damp, humid or steamy areas, or directly near bathrooms
with showers. Keep units at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from
showers, saunas, dishwashers, etc.
•
Where the temperatures are regularly below 40˚ F (4˚C) or above 100˚
F (38˚C), including unheated buildings, outdoor rooms, porches, or
unfinished attics or basements.
•
In very dusty, dirty, or greasy areas. Do not install a Smoke Alarm
directly over the stove or range. Clean a laundry room unit frequently
to keep it free of dust or lint.
•
Near fresh air vents, ceiling fans, or in very drafty areas. Drafts can
blow smoke away from the unit, preventing it from reaching the
sensing chamber.
•
In insect infested areas. Insects can clog openings to the sensing
chamber and cause unwanted alarms.
•
Less than 12 inches (305mm) away from fluorescent lights. Electrical
“noise” can interfere with the sensor.
•
In “dead air” spaces. “Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from
reaching the Smoke Alarm.
Avoiding Dead Air Spaces
“Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarm.
To avoid dead air spaces, follow the installation recommendations
below.
On ceilings, install Smoke Alarms as close to the center of the ceiling
as possible. If this is not possible, install the Smoke Alarm at least 4
inches (102 mm) from the wall or corner.
For wall mounting (if allowed by building codes), the top edge of
Smoke Alarms should be placed between 4 inches (102 mm) and
12 inches (305 mm) from the wall/ceiling line, below typical “dead air”
spaces.
On a peaked, gabled, or cathedral ceiling, install the first Smoke
Alarm within 3 feet (0.9 meters) of the peak of the ceiling, measured horizontally. Additional Smoke Alarms may be required depending on the
length, angle, etc. of the ceiling's slope. Refer to NFPA 72 for details on
requirements for sloped or peaked ceilings.
ABOUT SMOKE ALARMS
Specific requirements for Smoke Alarm installation vary from state to
state and from region to region. Check with your local Fire Department
for current requirements in your area. It is recommended AC or AC/DC
units be interconnected for added protection.
USING THE SILENCE FEATURE
The Silence Feature can temporarily quiet an unwanted alarm for several
minutes. To use this feature, press the blue “Push to Silence” button on
the cover. The alarm will “chirp” about once a minute (for up to 15 minutes) to remind you the alarm has been silenced. The “chirping” will stop
when the unit returns to normal operation. If the unit will not silence and
no heavy smoke is present, or if it stays in silence mode continuously
(“chirps” for longer than 30 minutes), the unit should be replaced immediately. See “To Deactivate the Smoke Alarm”.
AGENCY PLACEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
3920 Enterprise Court, Aurora, IL 60504-8132.
EXISTING HOMES
M08-0021-000 J
ACTIVATE THE POWER CELLS:
INSTALL THE MOUNTING BRACKET:
This user’s manual contains important information about your Smoke
Alarm’s operation. If you are installing this Smoke Alarm for use by
others, you must leave this manual—or a copy of it—with the end user.
NEW CONSTRUCTION
IMPORTANT!
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE.
This equipment should be installed in accordance with NFPA (National Fire
Protection Association) 72 and 101. National Fire Protection Association,
One Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Additional local building and regulatory codes may apply in your area. Always check compliance requirements before beginning any installation.
SPECIAL COMPLIANCE CONSIDERATIONS
Battery or DC operated Smoke Alarms: Provide protection even when
electricity fails, provided the batteries or power cells are fresh and correctly installed or activated. Units are easy to install, and do not require
professional installation.
LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE ALARMS
Smoke Alarms have played a key role in reducing deaths resulting from
home fires worldwide. However, like any warning device, Smoke Alarms
can only work if they are properly located, installed, and maintained, and
if smoke reaches them. They are not foolproof.
Smoke Alarms cannot work without power. DC operated units cannot
work if the power cells are missing, deactivated, or dead, or if the power
cells were not activated correctly. AC units cannot work if the AC power
is cut off for any reason (open fuse or circuit breaker, failure along a
power line or at a power station, electrical fire that burns the electrical
wires, etc.). If you are concerned about the limitations of DC or AC
power, install both types of units.
Smoke Alarms cannot detect fires if the smoke does not reach
them. Smoke from fires in chimneys or walls, on roofs, or on the other
side of closed doors may not reach the sensing chamber and set off the
alarm. That is why one unit should be installed inside each bedroom or
sleeping area—especially if bedroom or sleeping area doors are closed
at night—and in the hallway between them.
Smoke Alarms may not detect fire on another floor or area of the
dwelling. For example, a stand-alone unit on the second floor may not
detect smoke from a basement fire until the fire spreads. This may not
give you enough time to escape safely. That is why recommended minimum protection is at least one unit in every sleeping area, and every
bedroom on every level of your dwelling. Even with a unit on every floor,
stand-alone units may not provide as much protection as interconnected units, especially if the fire starts in a remote area. Some safety
experts recommend installing interconnected AC powered units with
battery back-up (see “About Smoke Alarms”) or professional fire
detection systems, so if one unit senses smoke, all units alarm.
Interconnected units may provide earlier warning than stand-alone units
since all units alarm when one detects smoke.
Smoke Alarms may not be heard. Though the alarm horn in this unit
meets or exceeds current standards, it may not be heard if: 1) the unit is
located outside a closed or partially closed door, 2) residents recently
consumed alcohol or drugs, 3) the alarm is drowned out by noise from
stereo, TV, traffic, air conditioner or other appliances, 4) residents are
hearing impaired or sound sleepers. Special purpose units, like those
with visual and audible alarms, should be installed for hearing impaired
residents.
Smoke Alarms may not have time to alarm before the fire itself
causes damage, injury, or death, since smoke from some fires may
not reach the unit immediately. Examples of this include persons
smoking in bed, children playing with matches, or fires caused by
violent explosions resulting from escaping gas.
Smoke Alarms are not foolproof. Like any electronic device, Smoke
Alarms are made of components that can wear out or fail at any time.
You must test the unit weekly to ensure your continued protection.
Smoke Alarms cannot prevent or extinguish fires. They are not a substitute for property or life insurance.
Smoke Alarms have a limited life. The unit should be replaced immediately if it is not operating properly. You should always replace a Smoke
Alarm after 10 years from date of purchase. Write the purchase date on
the space provided on back of unit.
AC powered Smoke Alarms: Can be interconnected so if one unit
senses smoke, all units alarm. They do not operate if electricity fails.
AC with battery (DC) back-up: will operate if electricity fails, provided
the batteries are fresh and correctly installed. AC and AC/DC units must
be installed by a qualified electrician.
Smoke Alarms for Solar or Wind Energy users and battery backup
power systems: AC powered Smoke Alarms should only be operated
with true or pure sine wave inverters. Operating this Smoke Alarm with
most battery-powered UPS (uninterruptible power supply) products or
square wave or “quasi sine wave” inverters will damage the Alarm. If
you are not sure about your inverter or UPS type, please consult with
the manufacturer to verify.
Smoke Alarms for the hearing impaired: Special purpose Smoke
Alarms should be installed for the hearing impaired. They include a visual alarm and an audible alarm horn, and meet the requirements of the
Americans With Disabilities Act. Can be interconnected so if one unit
senses smoke, all units alarm.
All these Smoke Alarms are designed to provide early warning of fires if
located, installed and cared for as described in the user’s manual, and if
smoke reaches them. If you are unsure which type of unit to install, refer
to Chapter 2 of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard
72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code). National
Fire Protection Association, One Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 022699101. Local building codes may also require specific units in new construction or in different areas of the home.
MULTI-STORY RESIDENCE
KEY:
REQUIRED TO
MEET NFPA
RECOMMENDATIONS
RECOMMENDED
FOR ADDITIONAL
PROTECTION
4
SMOKE ALARMS
WITH SILENCE
FEATURES
RECOMMENDED
FOR ADDITIONAL
PROTECTION
INTERCONNECTED
AC OR AC/DC
SMOKE ALARMS
5
First Alert® is a registered trademark of
the First Alert Trust.
6
M08-0021-000 J 07/02
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