Operating Instructions Pilot Test

Operating Instructions
Pilot Test
Operating Instructions Pilot Test
Contents
Software Release 2.20
Page
1. Introduction.................................................................................................. 3
2. Instrument Description .................................................................................. 4
Display and control panel............................................................................... 5
3. Getting Started ............................................................................................. 6
3.1 Unpacking the instrument ....................................................................... 6
3.2 Where to set up ...................................................................................... 6
3.3 How to set up ......................................................................................... 7
3.4 Calibrating the device .............................................................................. 7
4. Basics related to hearing disorders ................................................................. 8
4.1 Hearing threshold .................................................................................... 8
4.2 Speech reception level ............................................................................. 8
4.3 Hearing disorders .................................................................................... 9
4.4 Incidence of hearing loss.......................................................................... 9
5. Performing the Pilot test ............................................................................. 10
5.1 Preparing the child ................................................................................ 10
5.2 Testing the right ear .............................................................................. 10
5.3 Testing the left ear ................................................................................ 12
5.4 Testing both ears (binaural) .................................................................... 14
5.5 Evaluation of the test ............................................................................. 14
5.6 Ending the test ...................................................................................... 15
5.7 Changing the test language ................................................................... 15
5.8 Adjusting volume of monitor phone ....................................................... 15
6. Performing pure tone screening test ............................................................ 16
6.1 Explanation of the test ........................................................................... 16
6.2 Preparing the test .................................................................................. 16
6.3 Testing the right ear .............................................................................. 16
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6.4 Testing the left ear ................................................................................ 17
6.5 Evaluation of the test result ................................................................... 18
7. Set up the Pilot Test for your individual needs .............................................. 19
7.1 Pilot Speech Language ........................................................................... 19
7.2 Pilot Menu ............................................................................................ 19
7.3 Audiometry Submenu ............................................................................ 20
7.3.1 Advanced Settings........................................................................... 21
7.4 Start with… .......................................................................................... 21
7.5 Display Language .................................................................................. 21
7.6 Device Information ................................................................................ 21
7.7 PC or Printer .......................................................................................... 21
7.8 Display Contrast .................................................................................... 22
7.9 Reset to Default..................................................................................... 22
8. Care and maintenance of the instrument .................................................... 23
9. Technical data and accessories .................................................................... 24
10 Troubleshooting ........................................................................................ 29
11. Warranty, maintenance and after-sales service ........................................... 30
12 Safety regulations ...................................................................................... 31
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1. Introduction
Thank you very much for purchasing a quality product from the MAICO family.
The Pilot Hearing Test is produced under the regulations of the German medicine
production law. Qualified for the CE-symbol this device is manufactured
according to the latest quality and security standards.
By designing the Pilot Hearing Test we paid particular attention in making it a
user-friendly device, easy to use and understand.
The instruments functions are controlled by software. You have thus invested in a
device that always will be up to date. This user manual should make it as easy as
possible for you to become familiar with the functions of the Pilot Hearing Test.
Please open the flap of illustrations on the last page. The description of the
position (e.g.) of the controls, displays and connections, found again in this
manual, will make it easy for you to learn how to operate the Pilot Hearing Test.
If you have problems with the operation of the device or you would like to make
suggestions for improvement, please get in touch with us. Simply call your
MAICO distributor.
Your MAICO-Team
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2. Instrument Description
The MAICO Pilot Hearing Test is mainly used in the pediatrician’s office.
The Pilot Hearing Test is a simple screening speech audiometric test, especially for
children’s needs. Due to the possibilities of future language and speech
development delays, it is imperative to screen children at the youngest possible
age. Anyone who has tried to administer pure tone audiometry screening to
young children is very aware of the problems and inefficiencies: very young
children have short attention spans and exhibit problems with comprehending
the abstract directions associated with traditional pure tone audiometry.
In comparison, speech recognition screening incorporates simple, nonthreatening directions. The child is asked to listen to a series of two syllable
“spondee” words at different decibel levels. The levels automatically decrease in
5 dB increments from 70 dB to 25 dB so there is no need to adjust levels or
change settings. The child responds by pointing to the appropriate picture on the
picture board. The operator records each response on the score sheet. A
complete screening of both ears can take less than four minutes - significant
savings in time and money. The quality of the MAICO Pilot Hearing Test is very
high, as the speech test is saved on a MP3 file in the device. Thus a large degree
of durability is given. Moreover, up to six different languages can be saved in the
device. The change of languages can easily be carried out by entering the
integrated user menu. So children speaking a foreign language can also be tested
without any further problems. Additionally a screening tone audiometer is
integrated in the device for testing especially older children. Tone audiometry
with 8 test frequencies from 250 Hz to 8 kHz and levels between -10 dBHL and
100 dBHL can also be carried out.
Even the control panel of the Pilot Hearing Test has been designed especially
child-friendly. For that reason you will not see any technical control knobs but
keys "hidden" behind nice illustrations such as butterfly or sun (see figure 1). The
MAICO Pilot Hearing Test operates with mains voltage 100 ...240 V, 50/60 Hz.
Tests are performed via headphones. On special requests the test can also be
carried out with loudspeakers or insert phones. Output levels cover 25 dBHL to 70
dBHL.
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Display and control panel
Figure 1
Group
Menu
Group 0 = Training with 70 dB
Group 1 - 4 = Pilot Test
Set up Menu (See Chapter 7 of
Operating Instructions)
Pause
L / R Ear
Audiometer
Forward
Starts Tone Audiometry
Next word - Pulse tone on
Enter
Backwards
Memory key for test results Pilot Test
and Tone Audiometry
Repetition of
Pulse tone off
Loudness
Start / Stop
Decrease or increase of intensity level
(dB) in audiometry mode
Start / Stop of Pilot tests
Frequency
Tone
Decrease or increase of frequency (Hz)
in audiometry mode
Interrupter or Presenter button
Memory key and/or for Tone
Audiometry (adjustable in the
set up Menu)
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3. Getting Started
3.1 Unpacking the instrument
Please check completeness of accessories listed below:
1 Pilot Test Instrument
1 Headphone
1 Patient response switch
1 Picture board, set of training pictures
1 Mains cable
1 Pad of audiogram forms (50 sheets)
1 Roll of stickers (500 pieces)
1 Operating instruction
1 Monitor phone
3.2 Where to set up
A quiet room furnished with a desk or table is ideal for using the Pilot Test. If a
separate room is not available, try to locate an area with minimal noise and
distractions. Remember: background or ambient noise can distract the child and
affect the results of the test.
Electro-medical instruments emit strong electromagnetic fields (e.g., microwaveradiotherapy devices) which can influence the function of this device. Therefore,
do not use those types of instruments in close proximity to the Pilot Test.
The test room should be at normal room temperature (15º C / 59º F to 35º C /
95º F), and the instrument should be turned on about 10 minutes before the first
measurement.
When placing the picture board on the table, make sure the child being screened
can comfortably point to the pictures on the picture board.
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3.3 How to set up
Figure 2
Rear view of the MAICO Pilot Test
 Power switch
 Headphone connector (red)
 Power connector
 Headphone connector (blue)
 Monitor phone connector
Setup is accomplished in four easy steps:
1.) Plug the power cord into the power connector on the rear panel.
2.) Plug the power cord into a grounded outlet.
3.) Connect the red (right) plug of the headphone into the socket marked “R”
and the blue (left) plug into the socket marked “L” on the rear of the
device.
4.) Connect the monitor phone (if required) to the socket marked “Monitor”
on the rear of the device.
Turn on the Pilot with the switch at the rear of the device. The right ear is
selected – the red LED is illuminated. The device is in stand-by mode now and the
group LED is illuminated.
3.4 Calibrating the device
The instrument and headphones are a set. Because the headphones have been
calibrated to this particular instrument, use of other transducers is not
recommended. If one of the acoustic transducers has been replaced, the
instrument must be recalibrated or the measurements will be incorrect.
Use of non-calibrated instruments leads to incorrect measurements!
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4. Basics related to hearing disorders
4.1 Hearing threshold
The hearing threshold is the lowest sound level a person can hear. This threshold
is measured in dB (decibels). As a result of large-scaled mass screenings the
hearing threshold of young normal-hearing people is defined as 0 dBHL. Index HL
is short for hearing level. So, a hearing threshold of 0 dBHL is defined as normal
hearing. On the other hand, a threshold of 70 dBHL would indicate a moderate to
servere hearing loss since sound is heard only when its intensity is 70 dB higher
than normal. In the reverse case of a negative value (e.g., -10 dBHL) the hearing
is even better than normal.
The hearing threshold is measured using pure tones (sine wave) with
frequencies from about 125 Hz up to 8000 Hz with adults and 250 Hz up to
4000 Hz with children. These pure tone audiometric tests are rather timeconsuming and require high concentration and cooperation of the tested person.
So the tests can be difficult, especially with children. To find out if there is a
hearing disorder, it is not necessary to start the examination with a pure tone
audiometric test but instead by checking the hearing threshold below a certain
limiting level using a screening test. If the patient’s hearing threshold is below
that limit, normal hearing is indicated. If the hearing threshold exceeds the limit,
or there are other concerns or indications, the patient should be referred for
further audiological examination.
4.2 Speech reception level
The level at which a patient can understand spoken language can be a valuable
screening tool, especially with young children. This speech reception level of
children can be determined easily by the Pilot Test. The Pilot Test offers screening
test procedures using multisyllabic words with eight test levels from 70 to 25
dBHL.
While the screening test is easy to facilitate with the Pilot, results may still be
unreliable if the following factors are in play:
- disturbing noise in the test room
- insufficient cooperation by the patient
- poor power of concentration on the part of the patient
- the patient did not comprehend the test procedure
- the measuring instrument is not functioning
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4.3 Hearing disorders
Hearing disorders entail different effects on children and adults. An adult may
have sustained a mild hearing loss of 35 dBHL without being conscious of the
disorder. That is because he/she has more experience with the redundancy (i.e.,
information abundance) of speech and thus is able to add non-heard parts of
words or even sentences automatically and unconsciously. With children,
particularly at the preschool age, a similarly mild hearing loss can be critical for
further speech and language development. The capability of realizing the
complicated rules of speech and transferring them to his/her own development
of speech can be highly restricted.
Reasons for a hearing loss can be:
- malfunction of the outer or middle ear (conductive loss)
- malfunction of the inner ear (sensory loss)
- malfunction of the neural pathway (neural loss)
Sensory and neural losses can be caused by many different factors, including
congenital disorders, ototoxic medications, disease or infection, and exposure to
excessively loud sounds. With children, the most widespread reason for problems
with hearing is a loss caused by disorders of sound conduction. Mostly this is
temporary and varying within rather wide limits. The hearing loss can differ from
day to day by 5 to 30 dB. Reasons for this can be:
- excessive production of ear wax
- disorder of ventilation of the middle ear
- inflammation/infection of the middle ear (otitis media)
A chronic inflammation of the middle ear can cause a permanent impairment of
the ear if it remains untreated!
4.4 Incidence of hearing loss
Studies show that one out of every thousand children is born with a serious
sensory or neural hearing disorder. Two more children are diagnosed during early
childhood. Much more frequently, a conductive type hearing loss is found. Otitis
media is the most widespread disease during infancy and childhood and thus the
most frequent reason for consulting a pediatrician. Over 90 % of all the children
are diagnosed with otitis media once or several times. The World Health
Organization (WHO) states that otitis media is the worldwide number-one-reason
for hearing loss during childhood. Author Dr. Jerry Northern, in his book Hearing
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in children supposes that 30% of all the children under the age of eleven suffer
from an ear infection and therefore have a certain degree of hearing loss. If the
hearing loss remains untreated a delay in speech development is inevitable.
5. Performing the Pilot test
5.1 Preparing the child
The child will first need to learn the correct names for the pictures. This can often
be accomplished by having a parent help the child in the waiting room while they
are waiting for the health care professional to administer the test. Instruct the
child to point to each picture and identify it. To be sure the child understands,
ask the child to identify the pictures in the same manner as the screening test,
i.e., “Point to the bathtub; show me the airplane, etc.”.
Once you are confident that the child understands, tell the child that when the
test starts the pilot needs his/her help and will ask some questions. The best way
to prepare a child is to pretend that he/she is going to play the “Pilot Game.”
This will reduce the anxiety associated with screening. Introduce the headset by
telling the child that in order to help the pilot; he/she must put on the
headphones – just like pilots wear – so that they can hear each other.
NOTE: Place the red earphone on the right ear.
The headset needs to fit snugly (make sure the child’s hair and/or glasses are
away from the ear). Explain that the pilot will ask where a picture is and he/she
should point to it on the large picture board. The child should be told that the
voice will start out loud and get softer, so he/she must listen very carefully.
You are ready to begin.
5.2 Testing the right ear
Press the L/R button (15) (located on the
butterfly) and the green LED (located on the
bird in the right corner) will light up. On the
display the letter “R” is shown. The test will
start with words of “GROUP 1” indicated by the
green LED located on the airplane. Next, the
first test word picture will appear on the screen
along with the starting level (70 dB).
70dB
R
RIGHT 1
Group:
Result:
Left
Right
Both
0
40
0
STIMULUS
Figure 3
By pressing the GROUP (7) button, you can choose which set of sentences to run
on the test. There are four test sets. Press the START/STOP (9) button to start the
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test. "Test Running" shows on the display.
The test will begin with the introduction: “Let’s look at the pictures.” Next, the
first test sentence will play at a level of 70 dBHL. If the patient points to the
picture on the picture board that corresponds to the sentence, mark the
corresponding field in column R on the audiogram pad with a . That means the
answer was correct.
If the answer was wrong, mark the field with an . If there was no response at
all, mark the field with ”NR”.
The test will go on to the next sentence and the volume level decreases to 60
dBHL. Continue to mark the answers as described above. Each successive
sentence will decrease in volume as shown in the following chart.
Testing group 1
Picture = test word
Level in dB HL
ball
70
Car
60
sun
50
cake
40
icecream
40
spoon
35
airplane
35
bird
30
scissors
30
sailboat
25
teddybear
25
You can also record the test results by pressing the ENTER (22) button if the
patient signals his/her understanding and points to the corresponding picture on
the picture board. The level is saved under results beside the respective ear. The
result is then shown on the display. While the level decreases, the displayed test
results will remain the same unless the hearing is confirmed by pressing the
ENTER (22) button again. The test results change according to this confirmation.
The level at which the patient correctly understood the sentence is shown beside
the respective ear on the display. You can also write these results on the score
pad.
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You can interrupt the test at any time by pressing the blue PAUSE button (11)
(located on the kite). The green PAUSE LED will light up and "Test Pause" will be
indicated on the display.
To restart the test, press the PAUSE button (11) again. The green PAUSE LED
turns off and the last test sentence will repeat.
You can skip or repeat test sentences by pressing the ►(13) or the  (12)
buttons. This only functions while the test is running.
Press the START/STOP (9) button to end the test. The next training group will
automatically be entered.
Repeat the test with the next word group if the child does not understand two
successive test sentences. If the patient fails again, refer the child for further
audiometric examination.
5.3 Testing the left ear
To test the left ear, press the L/R button (located on the butterfly) until the left
LED (located on the bird in the left corner) illuminates. The letter L will be
displayed on the screen.
Choose a different test group for the left ear so
that the patient does not get too familiar with
the test. Do this by pressing the GROUP button
(7). The group you chose will be indicated on
the display. Complete the test in the same
manner as the right ear. Mark the test results in
the L column of the evaluation pad.
35dB
Group:
RIGHT
Result:
Left
Right
Both
L
2
35
0
0
STIMULUS
Figure 4
Additional testing can be performed by using the other groups of test words /
sentences. The standard pause between the test words is three seconds. In the
pilot menu you can change the pause length between 1 – 20 seconds (chapter
7.2).
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Testing group 2
Testing group 3
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Picture = test word
Level in dBHL
car
70
Toothbrush
60
Ball
50
ariplane
40
teddybear
40
scissors
35
cake
35
Spoon
30
sailboat
30
Sun
25
bird
25
Picture = test word
Level in dBHL
teddybear
70
airplane
60
sailboat
50
ball
40
spoon
40
toothbrush
35
icecream
35
cake
30
sun
30
car
25
scissors
25
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Testing group 4
Picture = test word
Level in dB HL
toothbrush
70
icecream
60
scissors
50
bird
40
ball
40
sailboat
35
teddybear
35
airplane
30
car
30
cake
25
spoon
25
5.4 Testing both ears (binaural)
To test both ears at once, press the L/R button (15) until the LEDs in both the left
and right birds light up and on the display. The letter B appears on the screen.
Complete the test in the same manner as the right ear. Mark the test results in
the B column of the evaluation pad.
Please note that the test results of a binaural test are typically a little better than
the test results of a single ear. Binaural testing must first be enabled in the Pilot
Menu.
5.5 Evaluation of the test
After having finished the test reward the little patient.
The test results are marked on the audiogram pad whereas on the display the
best test results of the respective ear (Left, Right, Both) are also saved.
If the child understands all the words spoken at a level of 25 dBHL the child’s
hearing is very good.
A hearing disorder does not exist if all the words at a level of 30 – 40 dBHL are
understood.
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5.6 Ending the test
Press the GROUP button (7) for two seconds in order to delete the results on the
display and to start a test for a new patient. The screen will prompt you with:
“Delete Data? Yes/No.” Confirm your choice by pressing the appropriate button.
For hygienic reasons the ear cushions of the headphone should be cleaned after
finishing the examination.
5.7 Changing the test language
To change the language of the instructions the child hears during the test, press
MENU (16). Move the arrow key (19) down until Pilot Speech Language is
highlighted and press ENTER (22). The next screen will show you the language
options that are programmed into the Pilot. Press the down arrow key until the
language you wish to select is highlighted and press ENTER (22). You can now
start the test.
5.8 Adjusting volume of monitor phone
Press the (21) or the (19) buttons to increase and decrease the volume
through the monitor phone while the Pilot test is in progress.
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6. Performing pure tone screening test
This test investigates the hearing threshold of the patient and also offers a
frequency-specific test result. Because high concentration and better
understanding is required the test is only applicable to adults and school children.
6.1 Explanation of the test
To receive reliable test results, the cooperation of the patient is very important.
Motivation and explanation is very important.
„You will hear now different low or high tones. If you hear a tone, please lift
your right hand or press the patient response button. If you don’t hear anything,
please don’t lift it. In the beginning the tones are quite loudly. But then they are
becoming softer. So you have to listen very carefully.“
6.2 Preparing the test
The patient should sit at least one meter from the instrument.
Place the headphones on the patient: red side on the right ear, blue side on the
left ear and make sure that they are secure. Adjust the headband of the
headphones so that the transducers are at the correct angle facing the auditory
canal. Put the monitor phone on your ear. Normally you should start the test with
the right ear. The right LED on the front panel (located in the bird at the right)
will light.
6.3 Testing the right ear
Press the TONE button (located in the sun) in
order to start with the audiometric test. On
the display you will see a blank audiogram or
table. The following procedure is based on the
basic screen that appears. Chapter 7 will
instruct you how to customize the set up.
Figure 5 Display
The TONE LED will light up. The test starts at 1 kHz with a sound level of 0 dB. A
tone will be presented when you press the STIMULUS button (18). As soon as
the button is pressed, the STIMULUS field on the display is highlighted. If the field
is already highlighted when starting the test, the Interruption Mode is selected.
The tone is presented as cross-hairs in the audiogram. The horizontal axis
indicates the frequencies (250 Hz - 8 kHz) and the vertical axis indicates the levels
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at which the test tone is given.
By pressing either the ◄button (17) or the  button (20), the frequencies can be
selected. Start the test at 1 kHz. If the patient does not react, increase the test
level while pressing the ▲button (21). In order to decrease the test level, press
the ▼ button (19). The chosen test level is shown on the display.
When the patient pushes the patient response switch to signal that he/she just
heard the test tone, the RESPONSE field is highlighted on the display. When the
patient’s hearing threshold is established, or screening protocol has been met,
press the ENTER key to store the result on the screen. The level and frequency of
the response is highlighted by an “O” for the right ear in the audiogram view.
The response in the table view is stored as a numerical value in the row for the
right ear.
The cross-hairs automatically goes on to
the next frequency. The test begins at 0
dB again. Save the patient’s response by
pressing the ENTER button (22). The
measurements are connected by a line in
the audiogram view (Figure 6).
Proceed with the test as described above
Figure 6
for 1 kHz up to 8 kHz. The next measured
points will be reflected on the table. After saving the results at 8 kHz, the crosshairs automatically return to the test results at 1 kHz.
Retest the results at 1 kHz. The patient is now trained and a better result can be
expected. Select the low frequencies by pressing the ◄ button and measure the
hearing threshold at low tones.
After finishing the test, the hearing threshold is now visible. By pressing the ◄ or
►button you can now go from one test result to the other. The test level at
which the patient signalled hearing each tone is indicated on the display.
6.4 Testing the left ear
Now select the left ear by pressing the L/R ear button (15). The green LED will
light up (located in the bird at the left). The LEFT field is highlighted on the
display.
Repeat the hearing threshold test as described for the right ear above. The saved
thresholds are indicated with an “X” for the left ear in the audiogram view and
as a numerical value for the left ear in the table view.
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6.5 Evaluation of the test result
The test results can now be recorded on the audiogram pad, printed with the
optional Pilot Test printer or stored with the software for tone audiometry. By
pressing either the ◄ or  button you can now go from one result to the next.
The test level at which the patient signalled hearing each tone is indicated on the
display.
If you use the optional printer, you can print the results by pressing the TONE
button (23) again. Press the TONE button (23) for two seconds in order to delete
the results on the display and to start a test for a new patient.
If all test tones are heard by 30-40 dBHL a large hearing disturbance cannot be
assumed. If a child even hears tones at 15 dBHL the child’s hearing is very good.
For hygienic reasons the ear cushions of the headphone should be
cleaned after finishing the examination.
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7. Set up the Pilot Test for your individual needs
The Pilot Test is pre-configured for most requirements. If you still require some
functions to be set up for your individual needs, enter the user menu. After
having set the changes they are saved in the device. The settings remain
unchanged even if the device has been switched off.
Press the MENU button (16). By pressing the
▲ (21) or ▼ button (19), the different
menu options can be chosen. The selected
menu is highlighted. Press the ENTER button
(22) to choose the respective submenu and
to select, confirm and save the new setting.
Press the MENU button (16) again to exit the
respective menu or user menu (Figure 3).
After leaving the user menu you will return to
the test you last selected. The possible
settings of the Pilot are as shown in Fig. 7
and will be descriped more detailed in the
following.
Figure 7
7.1 Pilot Speech Language
The words of the pilot test will be played back with the selected language. Up to
6 languages can be saved in the Pilot Hearing Test. The setting of language is set
according to your order.
7.2 Pilot Menu
Binaural Presentation: OFF – the
option to measure the hearing of both
ears is switched off.
Show picture: ON – pictures are
shown on the display.
Output (Air Conduction/Free Field):
The test can be carried out either by
headphones, loudspeaker or optional
with insert phones instead of
headphones.
Fast Pilot Test: OFF – Test starts with
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Pilot Menu
Binaural Presentation
Show Picture
Output (Air Conduction/free Field)
Fast Pilot test
Pilot Pause Length
Show Results
Print Size
 Change Item
Enter: Select Item
Menu: Return
Figure 8
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70 dB. ON – the Fast Test starts with 40 dB.
Pilot Pause Length: Use the arrow keys to to change the pause length between
1 – 20 seconds. Standard length is 3 seconds.
Show results: Scored results will or will not be displayed on the test screen. If
PRINT is selected in PC or PRINT option in the User Menu, results will always be
displayed.
Print Size: Printout will be numerical data only (short) or will display all pictures
of Pilot Test.
7.3 Audiometry Submenu
This submenu covers all settings of
performing audiometry tests.
Display Audiogram: The audiogram
is displayed either as a diagram or
table. Setting: Diagram.
Presenter
/
Interrupter:
The
presenter mode is set up. The signal
field on the display is marked. A tone
is only given by pressing the stimulus
button.
Audiometry Submenu
Display Audiogram
Presenter / Interrupter
Go to next freq. after saving
Level after frequency change
Save Data with
Advanced Settings
 Change Item
Enter: Select Item
Go to next frequency after saving:
If this function is switched off, the
next frequency has to be selected by pressing ( ).
Menu: Return
Fi
9
Level after frequency change:
Remaining: The test level remains if the frequency has been changed.
Return to minimal level: The next frequency will be measured at the selected
start frequency (0 dB, optional -10 dB).
Decrease by 30 dB: The test level of the next frequency is decreased by 30 dB of
the last level of the test.
Return to 30 dB: The test level of the next frequency will return to 30 dB of
the last level of the test.
Save Data with: Stimm / Enter
Choose if the data will be saved by pressing the Enter Button  or the Stimulus
button .
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7.3.1 Advanced Settings
Advance Frequency Selection:
Allows only specific frequencies to be
displayed and tested from the
audiometer test screen. Choose
On/Off for each individual frequency
by using the arrow keys     ,➔
. Frequency range is from 250 Hz
to 8 kHz. The 1000 Hz frequency is
turned on by default and cannot be
turned off by the user.
Pulse Tone as Default: ON / OFF
Advanced Settings
Advance Frequency Selection
Pulse Tone as Default
Return to 1 kHz
Minimal Level -10/0dB
Direction of level button
 Change Item
Enter: Select Item
Menu: Return
Figure 10
Return to 1 kHz: After having reached the highest (8 kHz) or lowest (250 Hz)
test frequency by pressing Enter  the test frequency of 1 kHz is automatically
selected. Setting ON, can be turned OFF.
Minimal level -10/0dB: The hearing threshold test and the audiogram start
either at -10 dB or 0 dB. Setting 0 dB.
Direction of level button: This function sets the direction of the button 
(increasing / down of level) and  (increasing / down of level) or vice versa.
Setting:  (increasing / down).
7.4 Start with…
The test which you like to start with will be selected after switching on the
device: Pilot Test or Tone Audiometry.
7.5 Display Language
The language of the instructions shown on the display can be selected. English,
Spanish, German and French are available as operating languages.
7.6 Device Information
General information can be found here, e. g. software version, serial number,
quantity of test.
7.7 PC or Printer
Select Print (serial) or PC data transfer.
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
7.8 Display Contrast
By pressing the (light) or  (dark) button the display can be adapted to your
personal requirements. Press the Enter button  to confirm your selection.
7.9 Reset to Default
Returns all settings to factory default settings.
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
8. Care and maintenance of the instrument
Disconnect the mains cable before cleaning!
To clean the instrument, headphones and accessories use a soft cloth dampened
with a little warm soapy water; no alcohol-based cleaner should be used.
The ear cushions of the headphones can be detached for cleaning. To remove
the ear cushion, pull it gently from the earphone. To assemble the cleaned or
changed cushion, press it on the earphone and make sure that it sits properly.
The sound outlet hole must be exactly in the middle of earphone.
During cleaning, make sure that no liquids run into the switches, headphone
capsules or loudspeaker openings.
To maximize the service life of your audiometer and accessory equipment, we
suggest the following:
1. Turn off the instrument overnight.
2. Wipe the headset cords, ear cushions and casing occasionally with a cloth
dampened (not dripping wet) with warm water. Dry with a soft cloth.
3. Leave the accessories such as the headset, power supply, and monitor phone
permanently connected to the audiometer to minimize strain on the
connections. It is not necessary to disconnect accessories that are not in use
while performing other tests. Should it be necessary to disconnect cords,
always grasp the barrel of the plug — never pull the cords. Never drop or
snap the headphones together. Mechanical shock may change the earphone’s
electrical and operational characteristics and require recalibration of the Pilot.
4. Avoid sharply bending or twisting any of the cords. Although they are
designed to be highly flexible, rough treatment may cause damage. Broken or
defective cords can cause crackling noise and intermittent or weak operation
in the headset. Headset cords may be replaced without recalibrating the
audiometer.
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
9. Technical data and accessories
The Pilot Test is an active, diagnostic medical product according to class
IIa of the EU Medical Directive 93/42/EEC.
Pilot Speech Test
Test signal:
Speech
Sound pressure level:
25, 30, 35, 40, 50, 60, 70 dBHL
Speech signal source:
MP3 Sound file
Tonaudiometer
Audiometer class:
A 4 according to EN 60 645-1
Test signal:
Pure tone
Test frequencies:
250; 500 Hz; 1; 2; 3; 4; 6; 8 kHz
Sound pressure level:
adjustable in 5 dB-steps
Air conduction headset TDH 39 or HDA 280:
-10 dBHL...100 dBHL
Loudspeaker Typ SBC (optional):
-10 dBSPL...70 dBSPL (measurem. at a distance of 10 cm)
Presenter mode:
Tone will be presented by pressing the STIMULUS button
Interrupter mode:
Tone will be interrupted by pressing the STIMULUS
button
Electrical safety:
EN 60601-1 class I, Type BF
Mains voltage:
100 ... 240 V~ ±10 % , 50/60 Hz
Power consumption:
15 VA
Warm up time:
> 10 min after power on
Environment conditions: + 15° ... + 35° C / + 59 F …+95 F (operation)
+ 5 °... + 50° C / + 41 F …+122 F (storage)
max. Humidity 90 % (storage and operation)
Dimensions:
Weight:
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W x D x H: 30 x 25 x 6 cm / 11.8“ x 9.8“ x 2.4“
1.3 kg / 2.86 lbs.
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
Connection plugs:
Connections:
Specifications:
 Mains
left/right=mains
100...240 V~, 50/60 Hz
middle=protection earth
1=GND, 2=RX, 3=TX, RS 232 C
 Serial interface
USB 1.1
 Universal serial interface
Sleeve=Mass,
ZA= 10 Ω, UA= 35 mVeff
 Monitor Phone
Tip=Output
 Patient response switch Sleeve=Mass,
Tip=Input
RI= 500 Ω
 Loudspeaker (opt.)
Sleeve=Mass,
Tip=Output
ZA= 8 Ω, UA= 3,5 Veff
 Headset right (red)
Sleeve=Mass,
Tip=Output
ZA= 8 Ω, UA= 3,5 Veff
 Headset left (blue)
Sleeve=Mass,,
Tip=Output
ZA= 8 Ω, UA= 3,5 Veff
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
Calibration values:
AC-Headphone DD45
Force 4,5 N
Equivalent treshold sound pressure level
with coupler according to IEC 60318
Frequency [Hz]
[dB] (re 20 µPa)
125
47,5
250
27
500
13
750
6,5
1000
6
1500
8
2000
8
3000
8
4000
9
6000
20,5
8000
12
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
Calibration values:
AC-Headphone DD65
Force 10,6N +/- 1N
Equivalent threshold sound pressure level
with coupler according to IEC 60318
Frequency [Hz]
[dB] (re 20 µPa)
125
52,5
250
39,5
500
19,5
750
11
1000
8,5
1500
13
2000
9
3000
11,5
4000
10,5
6000
29,0
8000
14,0
Calibration values:
Loudspeaker Philips SBC measured at 1m distance
Reference equivalent threshold
Frequency [Hz]
[dB] (re 20 µP)
250
-2.5
500
0
1000
0
2000
-1,0
3000
0
4000
0
6000
-1
8000
0
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
Standard accessories:
- 1 Pilot Test instrument
- 1 Headphone
- 1 Patient response switch
- 1 Monitor phone
- 1 picture board set of training pictures
- 1 mains cable
- 1 pad of audiogram forms (50 sheets)
- 1 roll of stickers „pilot license“ (500 pieces)
- 1 operating instruction
Optional accessories:
- Speech test available in Africans, Arabic, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian,
Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Euskara, French, Galego, German, Greek,
Hungary, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese,
Russian, Sami, Serbian, Slovakian, South Sotho, Spanish, Swedish, Swiss
German, Turkish, Vietnamese, Xhoso, Zulu.
- Thermal printer Primotherm 1409
- Loudspeaker SBC
- Soft-side carrying case
Consumables:
- 1 pad Audiogram forms (à 50 sheets)
- 1 roll of stickers (500 pieces) „Pilot license“
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
10. Troubleshooting
If your instrument is no longer working properly, please check the following
points:
Lamps do not light up:
- Is the power switch on?
- Is the power cord plugged in correctly in the power connector?
- Is the wall outlet working?
No sound from headphone:
- Is the headphone cable plugged in correctly to the socket?
- Is the lead loose or defective?
No sound from monitor:
- Is the cable plugged in correctly to the socket?
- Is the lead loose or defective?
If your instrument still does not work properly after this short check, please
consult your dealer or send the instrument to your dealer or a service center.
Please include a detailed description of faults.
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
11. Warranty, maintenance and after-sales service
The MAICO Pilot Test is guaranteed for 2 years.
This warranty is extended to the original purchaser of the instrument by MAICO
through the distributor from whom it was purchased and covers defects in
material and workmanship for a period of two years from date of delivery of the
instrument to the original purchaser.
The Pilot Test may be repaired and serviced only by your dealer or by a service
center recommended by your dealer. We urgently advise you against attempting
to rectify any faults yourself or commissioning non-experts to do so.
In the event of repair during the guarantee period, please enclose evidence of
purchase with the instrument.
In order to ensure that your instrument works properly, the Pilot Test should be
checked and calibrated at least once a year. This check has to be carried out by
your dealer.
When returning the instrument for repairs it is essential to send the headphones,
as well. Send the device to your dealer or to a service center authorized by your
dealer. Please include a detailed description of faults. In order to prevent damage
in transit, please use the original packing if possible when returning the
instrument.
Within the European Union it is illegal to dispose electric and
electronic waste as unsorted municipal waste. According to
this, all MAICO products sold after August 13, 2005, are
marked with a crossed-out wheeled bin. Within the limits of
Article (9) of DIRECTIVE 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and
electronic equipment (WEEE), MAICO has changed their sales
policy. To avoid additional distribution costs we assign the
responsibility for the proper collection and treatment according
legal regulations to our customers.
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
12. Safety regulations
12.1 Electrical safety:
The MAICO Pilot Test is constructed to comply with protection class I
of the international standard IEC 601-1 (EN 60601-1).
The instrument is not intended for operation in areas with an
explosion hazard.
12.2 Measuring security:
To guarantee that the instrument works properly, the instrument has
to be checked and calibrated at least once a year.
The service and calibration must be performed by an authorized
service center. In accordance with the regulations of the EU Medical
Directive, MAICO is not liable if these checks are not completed.
12.3 Device control:
The user of the instrument should perform a subjective instrument
check once a week. This check can be completed following the list
for subjective instrument check (see next page).
A possible malfunction of the instrument will be better investigated if
you copy the list, complete it once a week and store it in your files.
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Operating Instructions Pilot Test
List for subjective instrument check
Model: _________________________________________________________________
Serial #: ________________________________________________________________
Test person: _____________________________________________________________
- All keys can be pressed easily

- All the cords are disentangled

- Connectors and cables are intact

- Cushions of the headphone are cleaned

- Cushions of the headphone are undamaged

Test subject:
Pilot Test carried out with test person:
() correct answer
Level (dBHL)
(x) wrong answer
(na) no answer
Word
from Test person’s Test person’s Test person’s Test person’s
Group 1
answers
answers
answers last answers last
today
today
session
session
RIGHT EAR
70
Ball
60
Car
50
Sun
40
Cake
40
Icecream
35
Spoon
35
Airplane
30
Bird
30
Scissors
25
Sailboat
25
Teddybear
LEFT EAR
RIGHT EAR
LEFT EAR
If the difference between today's and last answer of the test person is 10 dB or
more on the same ear, perhaps the Pilot Test needs service!
Tested:
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Specifications are subject to change.
MAICO Diagnostic GmbH
Salzufer 13/14
10587 Berlin
Telefon +49 3070 71 46 50
Telefax +49 30 70 71 46 99
e-mail: sales@maico.biz
Internet: www.maico.biz
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