Product Manual - Orion Li

Product Manual  - Orion Li
Orion BMS Thermistor Expansion Module
Product Manual
(document revision 2)
Revision A Model (metal case)
Revision B Model (plastic case)
Product Description:
The Orion BMS thermistor expansion module provides up to an additional 80 thermistor
inputs (beyond the 4 that are supported by the main unit) for monitoring temperatures on
large battery packs or situations where every cell temperature needs to be monitored. Up to
10 thermistor expansion modules can be used together with one BMS for a total of 804
thermistors.
Product Specifications:
● Operates with the Orion BMS from Ewert Energy Systems (BMS sold separately) or can
be used as a standalone temperature monitoring device.
● Full automotive operating and sensing temperature range (-40C to 80C).
● High noise immunity.
● Communicates via CANBUS and can operate on several different CANBUS frequencies
(125 Kbps, 250 Kbps, 500 Kbps, 1000 Kbps).
● Highest and lowest thermistor values are transmitted both via CANBUS and analog
outputs.
● Can be configured to measure between 1 and 80 thermistors.
Installation & Wiring
All four thermistor connectors (the larger of the two different types of connectors) on the
thermistor expansion module are identical in pin-out.
Connector Overview
Thermistor Connector
(pinout same for Rev A & Rev B)
Signal Name
Description
Therm X (Thermistor Input)
This is the input from a given thermistor and
should register 0-5v depending on the
temperature.
Therm GND (Thermistor Ground)
This is the ground side of a thermistor. In
many cases there are several thermistor
grounds tied together to reduce connector
cost and board space.
Power Connector
Revision A Power Connector (Metal Enclosure)
Revision B Power Connector (Plastic Enclosure)
Signal Name
Description
Power A (+12v)
This is the primary +12v power source for the
expansion module. The module will respond
and act the same regardless of whether the
power A or B signal is used to power it. A
common configuration might be to use the
Power A signal to power the module during
normal operation and Power B signal to power
it while charging. Another common
configuration would be to power both A and B
signals for redundancy.
Power B (+12v)
This is a secondary +12v power source for
the expansion module. The module will
respond and act the same regardless of
whether the power A or B signal is used to
power it. A common configuration might be to
use the Power A signal to power the module
during normal operation and Power B signal to
power it while charging. Another common
configuration would be to power both A and B
signals for redundancy.
Ground (NEG)
This is the power ground for the board. It
should be connected to ground.
CAN-H
This is the CANBUS high wire used to
communicate with the Orion BMS. This should
be shielded and twisted together with CAN-L.
The CANBUS lines should be bridged with
either the CAN1 or CAN2 interface on the
Orion BMS.
NOTE: There is NO internal termination
resistor (120 Ohm) between CAN-H and
CAN-L. It is the responsibility of the installer
to verify that there are exactly two (2)
termination resistors in the CANBUS network
that the device is being installed in.
CAN-L
This is the CANBUS low wire used to
communicate with the Orion BMS. This should
be shielded and twisted together with CAN-H.
The CANBUS lines should be bridged with
either the CAN1 or CAN2 interface on the
Orion BMS.
NOTE: There is NO internal termination
resistor (120 Ohm) between CAN-H and
CAN-L. It is the responsibility of the installer
to verify that there are exactly two (2)
termination resistors in the CANBUS network
that the device is being installed in.
Highest Temperature
This wire provides a voltage representation
(0-3.3v depending on temperature) of the
highest measured thermistor by the module.
This can be directly connected to one of the
4 thermistor inputs on the main Orion BMS
module if CANBUS communication is not
possible (OPTIONAL, but not recommended).
Lowest Temperature
This wire provides a voltage representation
(0-3.3v depending on temperature) of the
lowest measured thermistor by the module.
This can be directly connected to one of the
4 thermistor inputs on the main Orion BMS
module if CANBUS communication is not
possible (OPTIONAL, but not recommended).
Software Configuration
There are two areas where the software (configuration) settings regarding the thermistor
expansion module support can be adjusted. The first is the battery profile in the OrionBMS
and the second is settings stored on the actual thermistor expansion module itself (CANBUS
baud-rate, CANBUS ID, number of populated / loaded thermistors, etc).
Setting Up The OrionBMS Profile
The following instructions will enable the thermistor expansion module in the OrionBMS
battery profile using the official OrionBMS utility (as shown below in screen shots). These
steps assume that the user has already connected to the BMS and downloaded the most
recent battery profile from the BMS (via the "Receive Current Profile From BMS").
Step 1: Under the "Addon Settings" tab in the "Battery Profile" section, enable the thermistor
expansion module support, select which CAN ID the BMS should use to communicate with the
expansion module and select how many modules are being connected.
Step 2: Be sure to upload the new profile to the BMS using the "Send Profile Changes To
BMS" button, otherwise the changes will not take effect.
Setting Up The Thermal Board Software
The following instructions assume that the user has installed the OrionBMS thermistor utility
(available from http://www.orionbms.com/support).
Step 1: Connecting to the thermistor board is fairly straight forward. Make sure that a
CANdapter (http://www.candapter.com) is connected to the computer and that the
thermistor module is connected to the CANdapter via the CANBUS. Also make sure that the
thermistor board is properly powered. If repeated attempts to connect to the thermistor
board fail, please consult the troubleshooting section below.
Step 2: Examine which thermistors are populated (loaded) and adjust these values
accordingly. Any thermistors that are not loaded into the board connectors should be
unchecked (unpopulated) to prevent an error code (fault code) from getting set.
Step 3: Press the "Apply Changes" for any changes made to take effect.
Additional Thermistor Utility Features:
The thermistor utility allows the user to see all the measured thermistor values expressed in
degrees Celsius (C). It also allows the user to see if any fault conditions are set (as noted by
a checked box in the Fault column) on any given thermistors. The general "Fault Status"
signal in the top left corner will turn "ON" if any thermistors are detected as faulty and will
remain active until power to the board is lost (or the fault error codes are cleared using the
"Clear Errors" button).
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The presence of any fault condition with any populated (loaded) thermistor measured
by the board causes an error condition to be sent to the OrionBMS (if being used with
the OrionBMS). The OrionBMS then sets a thermistor fault DTC (diagnostic trouble
code) for the thermistor expansion module.
Fault conditions with thermistors can be cleared using the "Clear Errors" button.
The utility can automatically guess which thermistors are loaded if you push the
"Automatically Populate" button. This cannot be trusted under all circumstances as it
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only is aware of thermistors that are connected and properly wired.
Any changes made to the configuration (either by the drop down menus or the
checkboxes) must be applied before they take effect (this is done by pushing the
"Apply Changes" button).
Operation
During normal operation, the thermistor expansion board will constantly be monitoring each
populated thermistor and reporting the highest and lowest observed temperatures to the
Orion BMS via CANBUS (a secondary method is available using the analog outputs as well).
In the event of a thermistor fault (a thermistor is registering a temperature outside of the
maximum temperature sensing range of -40 to +80C), the board will flag the offending
thermistor as faulty, set the error flag and omit that thermistor from the calculated highest
and lowest thermistor values.
Using the Thermistor Expansion Utility (not the main Orion BMS utility), thermistor faults can
be read and cleared and real-time thermistor values can be read. This is helpful for
diagnosing problems and determining temperature variance within a battery pack.
Troubleshooting
Problem Symptoms
The Orion BMS sets a thermistor fault on this
thermistor module.
Likely Cause & Solution
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I had an error condition with a thermistor but
I fixed the problem and it is still reporting
that there is a fault on that thermistor.
Verify that the thermistor expansion
module is powered.
Verify that the CANBUS communication
wires are connected properly (try
connecting to the module using the
Thermistor Expansion Utility).
Verify that the populated thermistor
table is properly setup (ie: only
thermistors that are loaded are enabled
in the software, this can be
accomplished through the Thermistor
Expansion Utility).
Verify that the CANBUS baud-rate and
broadcast identifier are correct both in
the Orion BMS profile (through the main
BMS utility) and in the thermistor
expansion module settings (through the
thermistor expansion utility).
The thermistor board will not clear fault
conditions until either the power is
cycled on the board (power reset) or
the thermistor utility calls for faults to
be cleared (via the "Clear Errors"
button). This feature allows the
thermistor board to ignore
intermittently faulty thermistors
entirely.
●
Either power cycle the board or clear
the errors using the utility to solve this
problem.
●
Verify that the thermistor expansion
module is powered (at least one of the
redundant power supplies (power A or
power B or both) is reading +12v).
Verify that the CANBUS wiring is
correct (CAN-H and CAN-L must be
correct).
Verify that there is the proper number
of termination resistors on the CANBUS
(there must be exactly 2 termination
resistors [120 Ohm each]). This can be
verified by checking the resistance
between CAN-H and CAN-L. It should
read approximately 60 Ohm. There is
NO internal termination resistor
inside the thermistor module.
●
The Thermistor Expansion Utility cannot
establish connection to the thermistor
expansion module.
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Electrical & Product Specifications
Thermistor Electrical Specifications:
10K NTC Thermistors with a B25/50 value of 3380K
Expansion Module Dimensions:
14.3 cm (W) x 9.3 cm (L) x 4.4 cm (H)
Item
Max
Units
9
16
Vdc
Operating
Temperature
Range
-40
80
C
Temperature
Sensing Range
-40
80
C
Supply Voltage
Module Weight
Min
Typ
11
oz
An Ewert Energy Systems, Inc Product
The Orion BMS and this expansion module are designed and manufactured
by Ewert Energy Systems, Inc which is a research & development
company focusing on developing solutions for plug-in hybrid and electric
vehicles. Ewert Energy provides custom solutions as well as off the shelf
components.
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