User manual for the PCE-PTR 200 Penetrometer

User manual for the PCE-PTR 200 Penetrometer

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Penetrometer

PCE-PTR 200

MANUAL

PCE Instruments UK Ltd

Units 12/13 Southpoint

Business Park

Ensign Way, Southhampton

Hampshire

United Kingdom, SO31 4RF

Phone +44(0) 2380 98703 0

Fax +44(0) 2380 98703 9 [email protected] www.industrial-needs.com

Version 1.0

17.09.2014

Manual www.industrisal-needs.com

Table Of Contents

1 Introduction ............................................................................................................... 2

2 Safety Precautions .................................................................................................... 2

3 Delivery Content ........................................................................................................ 3

4 Technical Specifications ............................................................................................ 3

5 Detailed description of device ................................................................................... 4

6 Measuring Procedure ................................................................................................ 4

6.1

Selecting the measuring samples .................................................................................................. 4

6.2

Preparation of the measurement sample ....................................................................................... 5

6.3

Important notes for measurement .................................................................................................. 5

6.4

Standard measurement ................................................................................................................. 6

6.5

Peak Load measurement ............................................................................................................... 7

7 Change battery .......................................................................................................... 7

8 Computer Interface ................................................................................................... 7

9 Montage gadget ........................................................................................................ 8

10 Table with reference values for the fruits mellowness ............................................... 8

11 Disposal .................................................................................................................. 18

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1 Introduction

The Penetrometer PCE-PTR 200 penetrometer is very useful for testing the maturity of fruits. This digital penetrometer offers higher accuracy and resolution than any other analogue device. With 20 kg it has a high capacity. The indication units can be selected from kg, lb and N. Thus it also offers the option of measuring compressive and tractive forces. The penetrometer supports saving not only the current measurements, but also the maximum value. In all modes the penetrometer can be set back to 0, whilst the tare function can be performed over the whole measurement range. The penetrometer PCE-PTR supports many features, amongst which is a key for quick and slow response times, whilst the display can be selected for forward or backwards- indication. The device can be also installed at a stand for a fixed measurement point. The battery consumption is very low, while it can also function on an adapter. The battery state is indicated by the device, so the operator is always informed about the power consumption of the device. The penetrometer features a microprocessor switch and an overload protection.

Additionally the device can be purchased with an optional test stand.

2 Safety Precautions

Please read the following instruction manual before operating with the device. Damages caused by disregard of the instructions written in this manual, are excluded from any warranty or liability.

- This device is only designed for the applications mentioned in this manual. In case the device is used for any other application than these, it might lead to hazardous situations.

- Do not expose the device to extreme temperatures, direct sunlight, extreme air humidity or liquids.

- The device may be opened only by specialized personnel of PCE instruments

- Do not operate the device with wet hands.

- Technical alternations on the device are not allowed.

- The device should be only cleaned with a damp cloth. Do not use scrubbing agents or or detergents of any kind.

- The device may be only combined with the optional equipment provided by PCE instruments or comparable alternatives.

- Please check the prior to every operation the enclosure of the device on any visible damages. In case there appears any visible damage, refrain from any further application of the device.

- Furthermore the device may not be applied in any areas where the surrounding conditions (e.g. temperature, air humidity …) deviate from the specifications and limits listed in this manual, any application of the device is prohibited.

- The device cannot be used in explosion-hazardous areas.

- A disregard of these instructions can lead to a damage of this device and serious injuries.

For any further information feel free to contact PCE Instruments.

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3 Delivery Content

- PCE-PTR 200 penetrometer

- User manual

- Sensor with 6 mm diameter

- Sensor with 8 mm diameter

- Sensor with 11 mm diameter

- Two spacing washers

- Carrying case

4 Technical Specifications

Display:

Indication direction:

Function:

Peak Hold:

5-digit, 10 mm LCD eligible with button on the front of the device

Measurement of tractive and compressive forces saves the maximum value

ZERO:

Measurement range:

Resolution:

Zero setting for standard mode and max-load mode

20 kg / 44.10 lb / 196.10 N

1 g / 0.05 oz / 0.01 N

0.03 kg / 0.07 lb / 0.3 N Minimum indication:

Accuracy:

Range selection:

Power Supply:

Operation temperature:

±0.5 % of reading + 2 digit kg, N, lb

Refreshing the measurement value: every 0.2 s in quick mode / every 0.6 s in slow mode

Indication range:

Indicates “---“ if measurement range is trespassed

Overload: max. 30 kg

6 x 1.5 V batteries or DC 9 V adapter

0 … 50 °C, <80 % rH

Dimensions:

Function:

227 x 83 x 39 mm measurement of penetration force into fruits

3

5 Detailed description of device

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Fig.1

3-1 Load cell head

3-2 LCD display

3-3 Quick indicator

3-4 Key for quick / slow mode

3-5 Adjustment of LCD display direction

3-6 Key for zero setting

3-7 Button to select measurement unit

3-8 ON / OFF button (0= OFF / 1 = ON)

3-9 Blind hole to attach the device to a test stand

6 Measuring Procedure

3-10 Cover for battery compartment

3-11 Sensor with 6 mm diameter

3-12 Sensor with 8 mm diameter

3-13 Sensor with 11.3 mm diameter

3-14 Arrestor ring

3-15 Arrestor ring

3-16 Display light

3-17 Adapter 9 V

3-18 PC interface ( 3.5 mm phone jack)

6.1 Selecting the measuring samples

It is important to perform this process prior to the measurement in the right way in order to gain significant measurement values. Those will help determining the right harvest time. First make sure that the measurement samples represent a characteristic extract from the whole harvest (minimum number of samples, size, quality, e tc…). It is advised to set up a separate protocol for the sampling, which will be valid for a maximum of one year, e.g.: 10 to 15 days prior to the usual harvest time, you should start collect every 3 to 4 days a sample of 10

– 15 fruits. These samples should be representative for the whole range of fruits from that harvest. It is important that the samples have a relatively comparable size, since the stiffness correlates with the size of the fruits (the bigger, the more rigid they are). It is also important that the samples are wholesome and undamaged and not

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affected by any kind of plague or physical damages. Those samples can be also taken from transported or stored fruits.

6.2 Preparation of the measurement sample

Perform two measurements at the middle of the fruit from opposite sides. Thus the device calculates the mean value of those two.

- Select the measurement points and remove the peel from these areas. The diameter of the peeled area should be a little more than the diameter of the probe.

- The selected measurement probe depends on the type of fruit and its mellowness.

- Usually the smaller probes are used for harder and smaller measurement objects, while the larger probes are used for soft and large fruits.

- It is important to gain repeatable and comparable measurement values.

- The fruits should all have the same temperature, since it determines the stiffness of the fruit as well (the higher the temperature, the less harder the fruit).

6.3 Important notes for measurement

You can start measuring both measurement points with the digital penetrometer as soon as you have selected the accordant measuring probe and measurement samples (as described in the previous paragraphs). In order to gain accurate values for the measurement, it is important to follow the following notes:

- Fix the measurement object on a plane and hard surface (e.g. on a table or a plate), when you are performing the measurement. Thus you will be able to apply an even pressure by means of the penetrometer, when you have a rigid resistance.

- Pay attention to maintain the same direction of the head of the measurement device, as well as the probe tip and the measurement object during the measurement process. Apply the pressure always vertically. Other measurement angles are not allowed.

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- Apply a slow and consistent pressure with the penetration tip until you reach the marked penetration slit on the penetration tip. An inconsistent pressure can falsify the measurement.

The whole process should not take more than 2 seconds.

- Try repeating the measurements under the same conditions, so that you achieve repeatable values for comparisons and for statistical purposes.

- In order to maintain a higher accuracy, you should use a test stand. This test stand enables you to apply an even pressure with a constant penetration angle, and thus the repeatability can be increased.

6.4 Standard measurement

- Switch on the penetrometer by pressing the “Power on”-button [3-8] (0= OFF, 1 = ON)

- Insert the sensor head with the relevant penetration probe vertically into the measurement object.

- Start the measurement by applying a slow and consistent pressure on the device.

- Set the measuring unit (kg, lb or Newton) [3-7]

- Check the zero point of the device, and set it prior to the measurement on zero, if necessary.

Therefore press the button “zero / TARE” [3-6].

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- The measurement will start as soon as you apply pressure, or pull on it. The display will then indicate the mean value.

Note:

! In case you might need to change the indication order of the display, simply press the

“reverse”- key [3-5]

!

The sampling rate of the display can be set to either “fast” or “slow” by pressing the key

“FAST / SLOW”. If the symbol (((°))) appears at the left upper corner of the display, the sampling rate is set on „fast“. If not, the device is set on “slow”.

!

An overload of the device during tension, will be shown in in the display by “

-----

“.

!

An overload of the device during pressure will be indicated on the display by “

-----

“.

! For more information feel free to call PCE instruments UK customers +44(0) 23 809 870 30

/ US customers +1-410-387-7703

-

-

-

-

-

6.5 Peak Load measurement

-

Switch on the device by pressing the “Power on” button [3-8] (0 = OFF, 1 = ON)

Set unit (kg, lb or Newton) [3-7]

Connect the sensor head with the relevant adapter in one line with the measured object. Do not apply any pressure at that time!

Check the zero point of the device and set, if necessary, the device to “0” by pressing the

“zero/tare” button.[3-6]

Set the switch “Peak on / Peak off” into the “on” position [3-8].

Start the measurement by applying pressure or by pulling the device. The LCD display will then indicate the highest value, that was reached.

7 Change battery

In case you need to change the batteries (battery voltage under approx.. 6.8 V), the display will i ndicate “LO”.

1. Remove the screws from the cover of the battery compartment [3-10], if necessary.

2. Open the battery compartment and remove all the old batteries and insert the new batteries accordingly.

Note:

! If the battery is not inserted with the right c onnection of the “+”- and “-“ -pole, it might lead to permanent damages of the device.

8 Computer Interface

The penetrometer features a computer interface, which allows transferring the measured data to a computer.

The device’s data output is a 16 Bit data string, that can be connected to a serial input on the computer. To connect the device with the computer, you will need the following interface cable:

Device (3.5mm phone jack)

Computer (9W „D“ jack)

PIN 2.................................................................................PIN 2

PIN 5.................................................................................PIN 5

The 16 Digit data set has the following format:

D15 / D14 / D13 / D12 / D11 / D10 / D9 / D8 / D7 / D6 / D5 / D4 / D3 / D2 / D1 / D0

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The Digits have the following state:

D0

D1 & D8

D9

D10

End

Value on display, e.g. the display indicates

“1234” then D8 – D1 will be occupied as:

“00001234”

Position of decimal point (DP)

Prefix

(0 = no DP, 1= DP on 2, 3= DP on 3)

(

0= no prefix, 1= “-“ prefix)

D11 & D12 set unit

D13

D14

(g=57, Newton=59, oz=58) reserved with “1” reserved with

“4“

D15 Start

9 Montage gadget

The penetrometer is a very precise and thus a very sensitive device. Thus it might be advised to attach the device to a test stand (optional) to perform a precise measurement. The montage gadget is at the backside of the device.

10 Table with reference values for the fruits mellowness

The following table is an overview of the reference values for the fruits’ mellowness during harvest time. We recommend generating your own table for your fruits, since the values depend on the cultivation, surrounding conditions, climate etc.

The recommended mean values are listed in the following table in kg/cm

2

(applied tensile / compressive force) and must be seen with a tolerance of ±0.5 kg/cm

2

. All values, which are within this range, are effective for the harvest of those fruits. We recommend to follow the values that are valid in the specific conditions, your harvest was cultivated, since the values shown in the table should be a general reference.

The measurement should be performed with a probe of

Ф 11.3 mm diameter for apples and a probe of

Ф 8 mm diameter for other fruits (e.g. peaches, pears, plum). The penetration tip of

Ф 6 mm diameter is recommended for smaller fruits (e.g. cherries).

FRUIT

Pear

SORT

William’s / Guyot

Conference

Abate Fetel

Comice

MELLOWNESS (*)

[kg/cm

2

]

6.5

5.5

5

4.5

Apple

Staymanred

Stark Delicious

Golden Delicious / Granny Smith

7.5

6

5.5

Plum

Calita

Golden Japan / Ozark Premier

Creasthaven, Suncrest, Flavor Top, Red Haven

2.5

3

6

Peach

(*) reference value

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The penetrometer PCE-PTR 200 can indicate the applied force in gramm. If you wish to view the force applied on the fruit in kg/cm

2

, you will have to include the diameter of the measurement probe in your calculation.

In the following you can view the reference values and graphs showing the difference between the indicated force and actual force in kg/cm

2

, depending on the measuring probe. The DIN-tables are organized according to the recommended range for each sort of fruit:

Range 0-

1 kg (recommended for fruit sorts like grapes, cherries,…), measurement probe with

Ф 6 mm diameter.

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

Range 0-5 kg (recommended for plums, lemons and fruits with mediocre stiffness), for measurement probe of

Ф 6mm to Ф8 mm diameter.

Range 0-13 kg (recommended for apples, pears, plums and kiwis), with measurement probe of

Ф 8 mm or Ф11.3 mm diameter.

Range 0-20 kg (recommended for very hard fruits), measurement probe with

Ф 11.3 mm diameter.

Range 0-1 kg

– penetration probe with Ф 6mm (0.28 cm

2

)

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

5

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

0.02

2

]

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

150

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

0.53

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

295

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

1.04

30

35

40

45

10

15

20

25

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.09

0.11

0.12

0.14

0.16

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

0.55

0.57

0.58

0.60

0.62

0.64

0.65

0.67

300

305

310

315

320

325

330

335

1.06

1.08

1.10

1.11

1.13

1.15

1.17

1.18

120

125

130

135

140

145

0.18

0.19

0.21

0.23

0.25

0.27

0.28

0.30

0.32

0.34

0.35

0.37

0.39

0.41

0.42

0.44

0.46

0.48

0.50

0.51

195

200

205

210

215

220

225

230

235

240

245

250

255

260

265

270

275

280

285

290

0.69

0.71

0.73

0.74

0.76

0.78

0.80

0.81

0.83

0.85

0.87

0.88

0.90

0.92

0.94

0.95

0.97

0.99

1.01

1.03

340

345

350

355

360

365

370

375

380

385

390

395

400

405

410

415

420

425

430

435

1.45

1.47

1.49

1.50

1.52

1.54

1.33

1.34

1.36

1.38

1.40

1.41

1.43

1.20

1.22

1.24

1.26

1.27

1.29

1.31

9

1.91

1.93

1.95

1.96

1.98

2.00

2.02

1.79

1.80

1.82

1.84

1.86

1.87

1.89

2.03

2.05

2.07

2.09

2.10

2.12

2.14

2.16

2.18

2.19

2.21

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

1.56

1.57

1.59

1.61

1.63

1.64

1.66

1.68

1.70

1.72

1.73

1.75

1.77

540

545

550

555

560

565

570

505

510

515

520

525

530

535

575

580

585

590

595

600

605

610

615

620

625

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

440

445

450

455

460

465

470

475

480

485

490

495

500

2.65

2.67

2.69

2.71

2.72

2.74

2.76

2.78

2.53

2.55

2.56

2.58

2.60

2.62

2.63

2.79

2.81

2.83

2.85

2.86

2.88

2.37

2.39

2.41

2.42

2.44

2.46

2.48

2.49

2.51

2.23

2.25

2.26

2.28

2.30

2.32

2.33

2.35

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Applied Indication on Applied

Penetrometer

[g]

pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

Penetrometer

[g]

pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

750

755

760

765

770

775

780

785

715

720

725

730

735

740

745

790

795

800

805

810

815

670

675

680

685

690

695

700

705

710

630

635

640

645

650

655

660

665

940

945

950

955

960

965

970

975

905

910

915

920

925

930

935

980

985

990

995

1000

860

865

870

875

880

885

890

895

900

820

825

830

835

840

845

850

855

3.32

3.34

3.36

3.38

3.40

3.41

3.43

3.45

3.20

3.22

3.24

3.25

3.27

3.29

3.31

3.47

3.48

3.50

3.52

3.54

3.04

3.06

3.08

3.09

3.11

3.13

3.15

3.17

3.18

2.90

2.92

2.94

2.95

2.97

2.99

3.01

3.02

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Range 0-1 kg

– penetration probe with Ф 6mm (0.28 cm 2

)

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

50

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

0.18

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

1100

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

3.89

100

150

200

0.35

0.53

0.71

1150

1200

1250

4.07

4.24

4.42

250

300

350

400

450

500

550

0.88

1.06

1.24

1.41

1.59

1.77

1.95

1300

1350

1400

1450

1500

1550

1600

4.60

4.77

4.95

5.13

5.31

5.48

5.66

600

650

700

750

800

850

900

950

1000

1050

2.12

2.30

2.48

2.65

2.83

3.01

3.18

3.36

3.54

3.71

1650

1700

1750

1800

1850

1900

1950

2000

2050

2100

5.84

6.01

6.19

6.37

6.54

6.72

6.90

7.07

7.25

7.43

11

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

2150

2200

2250

2300

2350

2400

2450

2500

2550

2600

2650

2700

2750

2800

2850

2900

2950

3000

3050

3100

3150

9.55

9.73

9.90

10.08

10.26

10.43

10.61

10.79

10.96

11.14

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

7.60

7.78

7.96

8.13

8.31

8.49

8.67

8.84

9.02

9.20

9.37

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

3200

3250

3300

3350

3400

3450

3500

3550

3600

3650

3700

3750

3800

3850

3900

3950

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

11.32

11.49

11.67

11.85

12.03

12.20

12.38

12.56

12.73

12.91

13.09

13.26

13.44

13.62

13.79

13.97

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Applied Indication on Applied

Penetrometer

[g]

pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

Penetrometer

[g]

pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

4400

4450

4500

4550

4600

4650

4700

4750

4000

4050

4100

4150

4200

4250

4300

4350

15.56

15.74

15.92

16.09

16.27

16.45

16.62

16.80

14.15

14.32

14.50

14.68

14.85

15.03

15.21

15.38

4800

4850

4900

4950

5000

16.98

17.15

17.33

17.51

17.68

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Range 0-5 kg

– Penetration tip Ø 8 mm (0.5 cm

2

)

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

2.79

2.88

2.98

3.08

3.18

3.28

3.38

1.79

1.89

1.99

2.09

2.19

2.29

2.39

2.49

2.59

2.69

0.99

1.09

1.19

1.29

1.39

1.49

1.59

1.69

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.60

0.70

0.80

0.90

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

1400

1450

1500

1550

1600

1650

1700

900

950

1000

1050

1100

1150

1200

1250

1300

1350

500

550

600

650

700

750

800

850

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

6.17

6.27

6.37

6.47

6.57

6.66

6.76

5.17

5.27

5.37

5.47

5.57

5.67

5.77

5.87

5.97

6.07

4.38

4.48

4.58

4.68

4.77

4.87

4.97

5.07

3.48

3.58

3.68

3.78

3.88

3.98

4.08

4.18

4.28

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

3100

3150

3200

3250

3300

3350

3400

2600

2650

2700

2750

2800

2850

2900

2950

3000

3050

2200

2250

2300

2350

2400

2450

2500

2550

1750

1800

1850

1900

1950

2000

2050

2100

2150

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

4300

4350

4400

4450

4500

4550

4600

4650

4700

4750

4800

48500

4900

4950

5000

3900

3950

4000

4050

4100

4150

4200

4250

3450

3500

3550

3600

3650

3700

3750

3800

3850

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

9.55

9.65

9.75

9.85

9.95

8.55

8.65

8.75

8.85

8.95

9.05

9.15

9.25

9.35

9.45

7.76

7.86

7.96

8.06

8.16

8.26

8.36

8.46

6.86

6.96

7.06

7.16

7.26

7.36

7.46

7.56

7.66

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Range 0-13 kg

– Penetration Tip Ø 8mm (0.5 cm

2

)

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

100

2700

2800

2900

3000

3100

3200

3300

3400

1800

1900

2000

2100

2200

2300

2400

2500

2600

3500

3600

3700

3800

3900

4000

4100

4200

4300

4400

4500

800

900

1000

1100

1200

1300

1400

1500

1600

1700

200

300

400

500

600

700

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

0.20

5.37

5.57

5.77

5.97

6.17

6.37

6.57

6.76

3.58

3.78

3.98

4.18

4.38

4.58

4.77

4.97

5.17

6.96

7.16

7.36

7.56

7.76

7.96

8.16

8.36

8.55

8.75

8.95

1.59

1.79

1.99

2.19

2.39

2.59

2.79

2.98

3.18

3.38

0.40

0.60

0.80

0.99

1.19

1.39

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

4600

7200

7300

7400

7500

7600

7700

7800

7900

6300

6400

6500

6600

6700

6800

6900

7000

7100

8000

8100

8200

8300

8400

8500

8600

8700

8800

8900

9000

4700

4800

4900

5000

5100

5200

5300

5400

5500

5600

5700

5800

5900

6000

6100

6200

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

9.15

14.32

14.52

14.72

14.92

15.12

15.32

15.52

15.72

12.53

12.73

12.93

13.13

13.33

13.53

13.73

13.93

14.13

15.92

16.11

16.31

16.51

16.71

16.91

17.11

17.31

17.51

17.71

17.90

9.35

9.55

9.75

9.95

10.15

10.35

10.54

10.74

10.94

11.14

11.34

11.54

11.74

11.94

12.14

12.33

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

18.10

23.28

23.48

23.67

23.87

24.07

24.27

24.47

24.67

21.49

21.68

21.88

22.08

22.28

22.48

22.68

22.88

23.08

18.30

18.50

18.70

18.90

19.10

19.30

19.50

19.70

19.89

20.09

20.29

20.49

20.69

20.89

21.09

21.29

24.87

25.07

25.27

25.46

25.66

25.86

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

9100

11700

11800

11900

12000

12100

12200

12300

12400

10800

10900

11000

11100

11200

11300

11400

11500

11600

12500

12600

12700

12800

12900

13000

9200

9300

9400

9500

9600

9700

9800

9900

10000

10100

10200

10300

10400

10500

10600

10700

14

Manual www.industrisal-needs.com

RANGE 0-13 kg

– Penetration Tip Ø 8 mm (0.5 cm

2

)

RANGE 0-13 kg

– Penetration Tip Ø 11.3 mm (1 cm

2

)

15

Manual

www.industrial-needs.com

Range 0-13 kg

– Penetration Tip Ø 11.3mm (1 cm

2

)

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

100

2700

2800

2900

3000

3100

3200

3300

3400

1800

1900

2000

2100

2200

2300

2400

2500

2600

3500

3600

3700

3800

3900

4000

4100

4200

4300

4400

4500

800

900

1000

1100

1200

1300

1400

1500

1600

1700

200

300

400

500

600

700

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

0.10

2.69

2.79

2.89

2.99

3.09

3.19

3.29

3.39

1.79

1.89

1.99

2.09

2.19

2.29

2.39

2.49

2.59

3.49

3.59

3.69

3.79

3.89

3.99

4.09

4.19

4.29

4.39

4.49

0.80

0.90

1.00

1.10

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.60

0.70

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

4600

7200

7300

7400

7500

7600

7700

7800

7900

6300

6400

6500

6600

6700

6800

6900

7000

7100

8000

8100

8200

8300

8400

8500

8600

8700

8800

8900

9000

4700

4800

4900

5000

5100

5200

5300

5400

5500

5600

5700

5800

5900

6000

6100

6200

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

4.59

7.18

7.28

7.38

7.48

7.58

7.68

7.78

7.88

6.28

6.38

6.48

6.58

6.58

6.78

6.88

6.98

7.08

7.98

8.08

8.18

8.28

8.38

8.48

8.58

8.68

8.77

8.87

8.97

5.28

5.38

5.48

5.58

5.68

5.78

5.88

5.98

6.08

6.18

4.69

4.79

4.89

4.99

5.09

5.19

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

9.07

11.67

11.77

11.87

11.97

12.07

12.17

12.26

12.36

10.77

10.87

10.97

11.07

11.17

11.27

11.37

11.47

11.57

9.17

9.27

9.37

9.47

9.57

9.67

9.77

9.87

9.97

10.07

10.17

10.27

10.37

10.47

10.57

10.67

12.46

12.56

12.66

12.76

12.86

12.96

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

9100

11700

11800

11900

12000

12100

12200

12300

12400

10800

10900

11000

11100

11200

11300

11400

11500

11600

12500

12600

12700

12800

12900

13000

9200

9300

9400

9500

9600

9700

9800

9900

10000

10100

10200

10300

10400

10500

10600

10700

16

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

200

5400

5600

5800

6000

6200

6400

6600

6800

3600

3800

4000

4200

4400

4600

4800

5000

5200

7000

7200

7400

7600

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2000

2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

Manual www.industrisal-needs.com

Range 0-20 kg

– Penetration Tip Ø 11.3mm (1 cm

2

)

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

7.78

12.96

13.16

13.36

13.56

13.76

13.96

14.16

14.36

11.17

11.37

11.57

11.77

11.97

12.17

12.36

12.56

12.76

14.56

14.76

14.96

15.16

7.98

8.18

8.38

8.58

8.77

8.97

9.17

9.37

9.57

9.77

9.97

10.17

10.37

10.57

10.77

10.97

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

7800

13000

13200

13400

13600

13800

14000

14200

14400

11200

11400

11600

11800

12000

12200

12400

12600

12800

14600

14800

15000

15200

8000

8200

8400

8600

8800

9000

9200

9400

9600

9800

10000

10200

10400

10600

10800

11000

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

0.10

2.69

2.79

2.89

2.99

3.09

3.19

3.29

3.39

1.79

1.89

1.99

2.09

2.19

2.29

2.39

2.49

2.59

3.49

3.59

3.69

3.79

0.80

0.90

1.00

1.10

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.60

0.70

Indication on

Penetrometer

[g]

15400

18800

19000

19200

19400

19600

19800

20000

15600

15800

16000

16200

16400

16600

16800

17000

17200

17400

17600

17800

18000

18200

18400

18600

Applied pressure

[kg/cm

2

]

15.36

18.75

18.95

19.14

19.34

19.54

19.74

19.94

15.56

15.75

15.95

16.15

16.35

16.55

16.75

16.95

17.15

17.35

17.55

17.75

17.95

18.15

18.35

18.55

17

Manual

www.industrial-needs.com

11 Disposal

Batteries may not be put in the household waste. They have to be given in the set up collection points.

NOTE:

"This instrument doesn’t have ATEX protection, so it should not be used in potentially explosive atmospheres (powder, flammable gases)."

Please contact PCE Instruments if you have any questions concerning our products, service etc.

Here you will find an overview of our measuring devices: http://www.industrial-needs.com/measuring-instruments.htm

Here you will find an overview of our scales and balances: http://www.industrial-needs.com/balances.htm

Here you will find an overview of our laboratory equipment: http://www.industrial-needs.com/laboratory-equipment.htm

Here you will find an overview of our control systems:

WEEE.-Reg.

–Nr.: DE69278128 http://www.industrial-needs.com/control-systems.htm

To follow the WEEE guidelines (Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment) we take our devices and either recycle them or give them to a recycling company.

18

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