MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual

MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
MSQ Plus Mass Detector
Hardware Manual
60111-97046 Revision A
September 2013
© 2013 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. All rights reserved.
Thermo Scientific, Accela, and Xcalibur are registered trademarks; and MSQ and MSQ Plus are trademarks of
Thermo Fisher Scientific in the United States.
The following are registered trademarks in the United States and other countries: Agilent is a registered
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Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
The following are registered trademarks in the United States and possibly other countries: Swagelok is a
registered trademark of Crawford Fitting Company. Teflon, Vespel, and Viton are registered trademarks of E.I.
du Pont de Nemours & Co. Pfeiffer Vacuum is a registered trademark of Pfeiffer Vacuum GmbH Limited.
Pozidriv is a registered trademark of the American Screw Company. Nitronic is a registered trademark of AK
Steel Corporation. Rheodyne and Upchurch Scientific are registered trademarks of IDEX Health & Science,
LLC.
PEEK is a trademark of Victrex plc. Edwards is a trademark of Edwards Limited.
All other trademarks are the property of Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. provides this document to its customers with a product purchase to use in the
product operation. This document is copyright protected and any reproduction of the whole or any part of this
document is strictly prohibited, except with the written authorization of Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.
The contents of this document are subject to change without notice. All technical information in this
document is for reference purposes only. System configurations and specifications in this document supersede
all previous information received by the purchaser.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. makes no representations that this document is complete, accurate or errorfree and assumes no responsibility and will not be liable for any errors, omissions, damage or loss that might
result from any use of this document, even if the information in the document is followed properly.
This document is not part of any sales contract between Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. and a purchaser. This
document shall in no way govern or modify any Terms and Conditions of Sale, which Terms and Conditions of
Sale shall govern all conflicting information between the two documents.
Release history: Revision A September 2013
Software version: (Thermo) MSQ Plus Mass Detector 2.0 or later; Xcalibur 2.2 SP1 or later; Foundation 2.0
SP1, 2.1, 3.0 or later
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
Regulatory Compliance
Thermo Fisher Scientific performs complete testing and evaluation of its products to ensure full compliance with
applicable domestic and international regulations. When the system is delivered to you, it meets all pertinent
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and safety standards as described below.
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC as amended by 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC
EMC compliance has been evaluated by UNDERWRITERS LABORATORY, INC (UL).
EN 55011
(1998)
EN 61000-4-3
(2002)
EN 61326-1
(1998)
EN 61000-4-4
(2001)
EN 61000-3-2
1995
EN 61000-4-5
(2001)
EN 61000-3-3
1995
EN 61000-4-6
(2001)
EN 61000-4-2
(2001)
EN 61000-4-11
(2001)
CFR 47 Part 15 Subpart B: 2004
Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15, Subpart B, Radio Frequency Devices Unintentional Radiators
Class A
Low-Voltage Safety Compliance
This device complies with the EU directive 73/23/EEC (equivalent to IEC 1010-1, 1990 plus Amendment 1, 1991
and Amendment 2, 1995) by meeting the following standard: EN 61010-1: 2001 with Corrigendum No. 1 and 2.
Changes that you make to your system may void compliance with one or more of these EMC and safety standards.
Changes to your system include replacing a part or adding components, options, or peripherals not specifically
authorized and qualified by Thermo Fisher Scientific. To ensure continued compliance with EMC and safety standards,
replacement parts and additional components, options, and peripherals must be ordered from Thermo Fisher Scientific
or one of its authorized representatives.
FCC Compliance Statement
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES. OPERATION IS SUBJECT TO
THE FOLLOWING TWO CONDITIONS: (1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT CAUSE HARMFUL
INTERFERENCE, AND (2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY INTERFERENCE RECEIVED,
INCLUDING INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
CAUTION Read and understand the various precautionary notes, signs, and symbols contained inside
this manual pertaining to the safe use and operation of this product before using the device.
Notice on Lifting and Handling of
Thermo Fisher Scientific Instruments
For your safety, and in compliance with international regulations, the physical handling of this Thermo Fisher Scientific
instrument requires a team effort to lift and/or move the instrument. This instrument is too heavy and/or bulky for one
person alone to handle safely.
Notice on the Proper Use of
Thermo Fisher Scientific Instruments
In compliance with international regulations: Use of this instrument in a manner not specified by Thermo Fisher
Scientific could impair any protection provided by the instrument.
Notice on the Susceptibility
to Electromagnetic Transmissions
Your instrument is designed to work in a controlled electromagnetic environment. Do not use radio frequency
transmitters, such as mobile phones, in close proximity to the instrument.
For manufacturing location, see the label on the instrument.
WEEE Compliance
This product is required to comply with the European Union’s Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
Directive 2002/96/EC. It is marked with the following symbol:
Thermo Fisher Scientific has contracted with one or more recycling or disposal companies in each European Union
(EU) Member State, and these companies should dispose of or recycle this product. See www.thermoscientific.com/
rohsweee for further information on Thermo Fisher Scientific’s compliance with these Directives and the recyclers in
your country.
WEEE Konformität
Dieses Produkt muss die EU Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Richtlinie 2002/96/EC erfüllen.
Das Produkt ist durch folgendes Symbol gekennzeichnet:
Thermo Fisher Scientific hat Vereinbarungen mit Verwertungs-/Entsorgungsfirmen in allen EU-Mitgliedsstaaten
getroffen, damit dieses Produkt durch diese Firmen wiederverwertet oder entsorgt werden kann. Mehr Information
über die Einhaltung dieser Anweisungen durch Thermo Fisher Scientific, über die Verwerter, und weitere Hinweise,
die nützlich sind, um die Produkte zu identifizieren, die unter diese RoHS Anweisung fallen, finden sie unter
www.thermoscientific.com/rohsweee.
Conformité DEEE
Ce produit doit être conforme à la directive européenne (2002/96/EC) des Déchets d'Equipements Electriques et
Electroniques (DEEE). Il est marqué par le symbole suivant:
Thermo Fisher Scientific s'est associé avec une ou plusieurs compagnies de recyclage dans chaque état membre de
l’union européenne et ce produit devrait être collecté ou recyclé par celles-ci. Davantage d'informations sur la
conformité de Thermo Fisher Scientific à ces directives, les recycleurs dans votre pays et les informations sur les
produits Thermo Fisher Scientific qui peuvent aider la détection des substances sujettes à la directive RoHS sont
disponibles sur www.thermoscientific.com/rohsweee.
CAUTION Symbol
CAUTION
VORSICHT
PRECAUCIÓN
MISE EN GARDE
Risk electric shock: This instrument uses
voltages that can cause electric shock and/or
personal injury. Before servicing, shut down the
instrument and disconnect it from line power.
While operating the instrument, keep covers on.
Do not remove the protective covers from the
printed circuit board assemblies (PCBAs).
Stromschlaggefahr: Dieses Gerät arbeitet mit
Spannungen, die Stromschläge und/oder
Personenverletzungen verursachen können. Vor
Wartungsarbeiten muss das Gerät abgeschaltet
und vom Netz getrennt werden. Betreiben Sie das
Gerät nicht mit abgenommenen Abdeckungen.
Nehmen Sie die Schutzabdeckungen von
Leiterplatten nicht ab.
Riesgo de descargas eléctricas: Este instrumento
utiliza voltajes que pueden causar descargas
eléctricas y/o lesiones personales. Antes de revisar o
reparar el instrumento, apáguelo y desconéctelo de la
red eléctrica. Mantenga colocadas las cubiertas
mientras se utiliza el instrumento. No retire las
cubiertas protectoras del circuito impreso completo
(PCBA).
Risque de choc électrique : l’instrument utilise des
tensions susceptibles de provoquer une électrocution
et/ou des blessures corporelles. Il doit être arrêté et
débranché de la source de courant avant toute
intervention. Ne pas utiliser l’instrument sans ses
couvercles. Ne pas enlever les capots de protection des
cartes à circuit imprimé (PCBA).
Chemical hazard: Wear gloves and other
protective equipment, as appropriate, when
handling toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, corrosive,
or irritant chemicals. Use approved containers and
proper procedures to dispose of waste oil and
when handling wetted parts of the instrument.
Gefahr durch Chemikalien: Tragen Sie beim
Umgang mit toxischen, karzinogenen, mutagenen,
ätzenden oder reizenden Chemikalien
Schutzhandschuhe und weitere geeignete
Schutzausrüstung. Verwenden Sie bei der
Entsorgung von verbrauchtem Öl und beim Umgang
mit medienberührenden Komponenten die
vorgeschriebenen Behälter, und wenden Sie
ordnungsgemäße Verfahren an.
Peligro por sustancias químicas: Cuando
manipule sustancias químicas, tóxicas,
carcinogénicas, mutágenas, corrosivas o irritantes,
utilice guantes y otro equipo de protección. Utilice
siempre recipientes homologados y siga los
procedimientos adecuados cuando deseche aceite
residual o manipule partes mojadas del instrumento.
Danger lié aux produits chimiques : porter des gants
et d’autres équipements de protection appropriés pour
manipuler les produits chimiques toxiques, cancérigènes,
mutagènes, corrosifs ou irritants. Utiliser des récipients
homologués et des procédures adéquates pour la mise au
rebut des huiles usagées et lors de la manipulation des
pièces de l’instrument en contact avec l’eau.
Hot surface: Before touching, allow any heated
components to cool.
Heiße Oberflächen: Lassen Sie heiße
Komponenten vor der Berührung abkühlen.
Superficies calientes: Antes de tocar los
componentes calientes, espere a que se enfríen.
Surface chaude : laisser refroidir les composants
chauffés avant toute manipulation.
Flammable substances hazard: Use care when
operating the system in the presence of flammable
substances.
Gefahr durch entzündbare Substanzen:
Beachten Sie die einschlägigen Vorsichtsmaßnahmen,
wenn Sie das System in Gegenwart von entzündbaren
Substanzen betreiben.
Peligro por sustancias inflamables: Tenga mucho
cuidado cuando utilice el sistema cerca de sustancias
inflamables.
Danger lié aux substances inflammables : agir avec
précaution lors de l’utilisation du système en présence de
substances inflammables.
Risk of eye injury: Eye injury could occur from
splattered chemicals, airborne particles, or sharp
objects. (Sharp objects that customers might install
in the instrument include fused-silica tubing, the
autosampler needle, and so on.) Wear safety
glasses when handling chemicals or servicing the
instrument.
Augenverletzungsrisiko: Verspritzte
Chemikalien, Schwebstoffpartikel oder scharfe
Objekte können Augenverletzungen verursachen.
(Scharfe Objekte, die Kunden möglicherweise im
Gerät installieren, sind z. B. Quarzglas-Kapillaren,
die Nadel des Autosamplers, usw.) Tragen Sie beim
Umgang mit Chemikalien oder bei der Wartung des
Gerätes eine Schutzbrille.
Riesgo de lesiones oculares: Las salpicaduras de
sustancias químicas, las partículas flotantes en el
aire y los objetos afilados pueden causar lesiones
oculares. (Entre los objetos afilados que los clientes
pueden instalar en el instrumento se encuentran
tubos de sílice fundida, agujas del muestreador
automático, etc.). Para manipular sustancias
químicas o realizar tareas de mantenimiento, utilice
gafas de seguridad.
Risque de lésion oculaire : les projections chimiques,
les particules en suspension dans l’air et les objets
tranchants peuvent entraîner des lésions oculaires. (Les
objets tranchants pouvant être installés par les clients
dans l’instrument comprennent les tubes en silice fondue,
les aiguilles du passeur automatique, etc.). Porter des
lunettes de protection lors de toute manipulation de
produit chimique ou intervention sur l’instrument.
General hazard: A hazard is present that is not
included in the other categories. This symbol also
appears on the instrument. For details about the
hazard, refer to the instrument manual.
When the safety of a procedure is questionable,
contact Technical Support for Thermo Scientific
San Jose products.
Allgemeine Gefahr: Es besteht eine weitere
Gefahr, die nicht in den vorstehenden Kategorien
beschrieben ist. Dieses Symbol wird auch auf dem
Gerät angebracht. Einzelheiten zu dieser Gefahr
finden Sie in den Gerätehandbüchern.
Wenn Sie sich über die Sicherheit eines Verfahrens
im Unklaren sind, setzen Sie sich, bevor Sie
fortfahren, mit dem technischen Support für
Thermo Scientific San Jose Produkte in Verbindung.
Peligro general: Existen peligros que no se incluyen
en las otras categorías. Este símbolo también
aparece en el instrumento. Si desea obtener más
información sobre estos peligros, consulte el manual
del instrumento.
En caso de duda sobre la seguridad de un procedimiento,
póngase en contacto con el personal de servicio técnico
de los productos Thermo Scientific San Jose.
Danger d’ordre général : indique la présence d’un
risque n’appartenant pas aux catégories citées plus haut.
Ce symbole figure également sur l’instrument. Pour plus
de détails sur ce danger potentiel, se reporter au manuel
de l’instrument.
Si la sûreté d’une procédure est incertaine, contacter
l’assistance technique pour les produits Thermo Scientific
San Jose.
CAUTION Symbol
CAUTION
VORSICHT
PRECAUCIÓN
MISE EN GARDE
Laser hazard: This instrument uses a laser that is
capable of causing personal injury. This symbol
also appears on the instrument. For details about
the hazard, refer to the instrument manual.
Gefahr durch Laserstrahlen: Der in diesem Gerät
verwendete Laser kann zu Verletzungen führen.
Dieses Symbol wird auch auf dem Gerät
angebracht. Einzelheiten zu dieser Gefahr finden
Sie in den Gerätehandbüchern.
Peligro por láser: Este instrumento utiliza un láser
que puede producir lesiones personales. Este símbolo
también aparece en el instrumento. Si desea obtener
más información sobre el peligro, consulte el manual
del instrumento.
Danger lié au laser : l’instrument utilise un laser
susceptible de provoquer des blessures corporelles. Ce
symbole figure également sur l’instrument. Pour plus de
détails sur ce danger potentiel, se reporter au manuel de
l’instrument.
Ultra violet light hazard: Do not look directly at
the ultra-violet (UV) light or into the UV source.
Exposure can cause eye damage. Wear UV eye
protection.
Gefahr durch UV-Licht: Richten Sie Ihren Blick
nicht direkt auf ultraviolettes Licht (UV-Licht) oder
in die UV-Quelle. Dies kann zu Augenschäden
führen. Tragen Sie eine UV-Schutzbrille.
Peligro por luz ultravioleta: No mire directamente
a una luz ultravioleta (UV) ni a una fuente UV. La
exposición puede causar daños oculares. Lleve
protección ocular para UV.
Danger lié aux rayons ultraviolets : ne jamais
regarder directement la lumière ultraviolette (UV) ou la
source d’UV. Une exposition peut entraîner des lésions
oculaires. Porter des protections oculaires anti-UV.
Sharp object: Avoid physical contact with the
object.
Scharfes Objekt: Vermeiden Sie den physischen
Kontakt mit dem Objekt.
Objeto puntiagudo: Evite el contacto físico con el
objeto.
Objet tranchant : éviter tout contact physique avec
l’objet.
Pinch point: Keep hands away from this area.
Quetschgefahr: Halten Sie Ihre Hände von diesem
Bereich fern.
Puntos de pinzamiento: Mantenga las manos
apartadas de esta área.
Risque de pincement : éloigner les mains de cette zone.
Heavy objects: Never lift or move the instrument
by yourself; you can suffer personal injury or
damage the equipment. For specific lifting
instructions, refer to the instrument manual.
Schweres Objekt: Bewegen und heben Sie das
Gerät niemals allein an; dies kann zu Verletzungen
oder zur Beschädigung des Geräts führen.
Spezifische Anweisungen zum Anheben finden Sie
im Gerätehandbuch.
Objeto pesado: Nunca levante ni mueva el
instrumento por su cuenta, podría sufrir lesiones
personales o dañar el equipo. Para obtener
instrucciones específicas sobre levantamiento,
consulte el manual del instrumento.
Objet lourd : ne jamais soulever ou déplacer l’instrument
seul sous peine de blessure corporelle ou
d’endommagement de l’instrument. Pour obtenir des
instructions de levage spécifiques, se reporter au manuel
de l’instrument.
Trip obstacle: Be aware of cords, hoses, or other
objects located on the floor.
Stolpergefahr: Achten Sie auf Kabel, Schläuche
und andere Objekte auf dem Fußboden.
Tropiezo con obstáculos: Tenga en cuenta los cables,
mangueras u otros objetos colocados en el suelo.
Risque de trébuchement : faire attention aux câbles,
tuyaux et autres objets situés sur le sol.
When the safety of a procedure is questionable,
contact Technical Support for Thermo Scientific
San Jose products.
Wenn Sie sich über die Sicherheit eines Verfahrens
im unklaren sind, setzen Sie sich, bevor Sie
fortfahren, mit Ihrer lokalen technischen
Unterstützungsorganisation für Thermo Scientific
San Jose Produkte in Verbindung.
En caso de duda sobre la seguridad de un procedimiento,
póngase en contacto con el personal de servicio técnico
de los productos Thermo Scientific San Jose.
Si la sûreté d’une procédure est incertaine, contacter
l’assistance technique pour les produits Thermo Scientific
San Jose.
CAUTION Symbol
CAUTION
警告
危险警告
Risk electric shock: This instrument
uses voltages that can cause electric
shock and/or personal injury. Before
servicing, shut down the instrument and
disconnect it from line power. While
operating the instrument, keep covers on.
Do not remove the protective covers from
the printed circuit board assemblies
(PCBAs).
感電の危険性 : この機器では、感電および / または身体傷害を引き起こ
すおそれのある電圧を使用しています。整備点検の前には、機器の電
源を切り、電源コードを抜いてください。機器の作動中は、カバーを
付けたままにしてください。プリント基板アセンブリ (PCBA) から保護
カバーを取り外さないでください。
触电危险:本仪器所用电压可能导致电击或人身伤害。进行维修服务
前,务必关闭仪器电源并断开其电源连接。操作此仪器时,不要卸下
顶盖。勿卸下印刷电路板组件 (PCBA)的保护盖。
Chemical hazard: Wear gloves and
other protective equipment, as
appropriate, when handling toxic,
carcinogenic, mutagenic, corrosive, or
irritant chemicals. Use approved
containers and proper procedures to
dispose of waste oil and when handling
wetted parts of the instrument.
化学的危険性 : 毒性、発癌性、変異原性、腐食性、または刺激性のある
化学薬品を取り扱うときは、必要に応じて手袋などの保護具を着用し
ます。廃油を処分したり、機器の接液部品を取り扱うときは、認可さ
れた容器を使用し、適切な手順に従います。
化学品危险:当处理毒性、致癌性、致突变性、腐蚀性或者刺激性化学
品时,佩戴手套和其他保护性设备。当处理浸湿的仪器部件以及废油
时,使用认可的容器和合适的步骤。
Hot surface: Before touching, allow any
heated components to cool.
高温面 : 触れる前に、加熱した部品を冷ましてください。
热表面:待高温部件冷却之后再进行维修。
Flammable substances hazard: Use
care when operating the system in the
presence of flammable substances.
可燃性物質の危険性 : 可燃性物質があるところでシステムを作動させる
場合は十分注意してください。
易燃物危险:在有易燃物质的场地操作该系统时,务必小心谨慎。
Risk of eye injury: Eye injury could occur
from splattered chemicals, airborne
particles, or sharp objects. (Sharp objects
that customers might install in the
instrument include fused-silica tubing, the
autosampler needle, and so on.) Wear
safety glasses when handling chemicals
or servicing the instrument.
眼外傷の危険性 : 飛散した化学薬品、浮遊粒子、または鋭利な物体に
よって眼外傷を負うおそれがあります ( 機器に取り付けられる可能性が
ある鋭利な物体は、ヒューズドシリカ、オートサンプラーニードルな
どです )。化学薬品を取り扱ったり、機器を整備点検するときは、保護
メガネを着用します。
眼睛伤害风险:眼睛受伤可能源自飞溅的化学品、空气中的颗粒,
或者锋利的物体。(安装在仪器内的锋利物体包括熔融石英管、
自动进样器的进样针等。)处理化学品或对仪器进行维修服务时,
务必戴上防护眼镜。
General hazard: A hazard is present that
is not included in the other categories.
This symbol also appears on the
instrument. For details about the hazard,
refer to the instrument manual.
When the safety of a procedure is
questionable, contact Technical Support
for Thermo Scientific San Jose products.
一般的な危険性 : それぞれのカテゴリーに当てはまらない危険がありま
す。この標識記号は機器にも表示されています。この危険の詳細につい
ては、機器のマニュアルを参照してください。
手順の安全性にご不明な点がある場合は、Thermo Scientific San Jose 製品の
テクニカルサポートまでお問い合わせください。
普通危险:未归入其他类别的危险。此符号也会在仪器上出现。有关此
危险的详细信息,参阅适当的仪器手册。若对任何步骤的安全事项有疑
问,联系 Thermo Scientific San Jose 产品的技术支持中心。
CAUTION Symbol
CAUTION
警告
危险警告
Laser hazard: This instrument uses a
laser that is capable of causing personal
injury. This symbol also appears on the
instrument. For details about the hazard,
refer to the instrument manual.
レーザー光線の危険性 : この機器では、身体傷害を引き起こすおそれ
のあるレーザーを使用しています。この標識記号は機器にも表示され
ています。この危険の詳細については、機器のマニュアルを参照して
ください。
激光危险:本仪器所用激光会导致人身伤害。此符号也会在仪器上出
现。有关此危险的详细信息,参阅适当的仪器手册。
Ultra violet light hazard: Do not look
directly at the ultra-violet (UV) light or into
the UV source. Exposure can cause eye
damage. Wear UV eye protection.
紫外光の危険性 : 紫外 (UV) 光または UV 光源を直接見ないでください。照
射によって眼損傷を引き起こすおそれがあります。UV 保護メガネを着用
します。
紫外光危险:不要直视紫外 (UV)光或者紫外光源。直视可能导致眼
睛伤害。佩戴紫外线防护眼镜。
Sharp object: Avoid physical contact
with the object.
鋭利な物体 : 物体との身体的接触を避けてください。
锋利物体:避免直接接触锋利的物体。
Pinch point: Keep hands away from this
area.
ピンチポイント : この部分には手を挟まれないようにしてください。
夹点:勿将手放在此部位。
Heavy objects: Never lift or move the
instrument by yourself; you can suffer
personal injury or damage the equipment.
For specific lifting instructions, refer to the
instrument manual.
重量物 :1 人で機器を持ち上げたり移動しないでください。身体傷害を
負ったり、機器を損傷するおそれがあります。具体的な持ち上げ方法
については、機器のマニュアルを参照してください。
重物:切勿独自提起或移动本仪器;可能遭受人身伤害或损坏仪器。
有关具体的提起说明,参阅仪器手册。
Trip obstacle: Be aware of cords, hoses,
or other objects located on the floor.
作業の障害物 : 床にあるコード、ホース、その他の物体に注意してく
ださい。
绊倒危险:注意地面上的线、管或其他物品。
When the safety of a procedure is
questionable, contact Technical Support
for Thermo Scientific San Jose products.
手順の安全性にご不明な点がある場合は、Thermo Scientific San Jose 製品の
テクニカルサポートまでお問い合わせください。
如对安全程序有疑问,联系 Thermo Scientific San Jose 产品的技术支持
中心。
C
Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xv
Related Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv
Safety and Special Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii
Safety Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii
Solvent and Gas Purity Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xix
Contacting Us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xix
Thermo Scientific
Chapter 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ion Polarity Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ionization Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Electrospray (ESI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization (APCI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Scan Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Full Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Profile Data Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Centroid Data Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
MCA Data Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Chapter 2
Functional Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Liquid Chromatograph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Reference Inlet System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Mass Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Front Panel Status Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Back Panel Controls and Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Connection Between LC and Mass Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
API Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
RF/dc Prefilter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Mass Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Ion Detection System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Vacuum System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Inlet Gas Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Cone Wash System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
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Contents
Data System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Computer Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Xcalibur Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Tune Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
xii
Chapter 3
Daily Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Before Operating the Mass Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Checking the Nitrogen Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Checking the Disk Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Checking the Oil Level in the Oil Mist Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
After Operating the Mass Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Flushing the API Probes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Placing the System in the Off Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Draining the Oil Mist Filter and Purging the Pump Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Emptying the Solvent Waste Bottles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Chapter 4
Switching Probes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Switching from ESI to APCI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Switching from APCI to ESI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Chapter 5
Routine and Preventive Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Maintenance Schedule. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Maintaining the ESI Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Removing the ESI Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Removing the ESI Capillary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Cleaning or Replacing the ESI Capillary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Replacing the Ceramic Sleeve of the ESI Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Installing the ESI Capillary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Installing the ESI Probe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Maintaining the APCI Probe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Removing the APCI Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Removing the APCI Capillary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Installing the APCI Capillary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Installing the APCI Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Maintaining the Probe Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Removing the Probe Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Cleaning the Probe Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Replacing the Detent Screw Insulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Installing the Probe Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
Thermo Scientific
Contents
Maintaining the Source Block Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Preparing the LC/MS System for Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Clearing Access to the Source Block Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Removing the Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Cleaning the Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Removing the Source Block Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Cleaning the RF/dc Prefilter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Cleaning the Extraction Cone and the Source Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Repairing the Entrance Cone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Assembling the Source Block Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Installing the Source Block Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Maintaining the Forepump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Maintaining the Turbomolecular Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Removing the Turbomolecular Pump Lubricant Reservoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Replacing the Turbomolecular Pump Lubricant Reservoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Thermo Scientific
Chapter 6
System Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Shutting Down the System in an Emergency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Turning Off the Nitrogen Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Placing the System in the Off Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Turning Off the Mass Detector from the Xcalibur Data System . . . . . . . . . 101
Turning Off the Mass Detector from the Tune Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Shutting the System Down for Non-Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Restarting the System Following a Complete Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Checking the System Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Restarting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Resetting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Chapter 7
Replaceable Parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Source Block Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
ESI Probe Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
APCI Probe Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Probe Heater Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Vacuum Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Gas Flow Spares and Nitrogen Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Solvent Path and Calibrant Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Electronic Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Connection Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
xiii
Contents
Appendix A Optimizing the LC Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Flow Rates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
LC Solvents and Mobile Phase Additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
LC Solvents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Mobile Phase Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Cone Wash System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Controlling the Cone Wash Pump Through Timed Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Flow Splitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
PEEK Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Chemical Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
xiv
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
Thermo Scientific
P
Preface
This MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual describes the operational modes and
principal hardware components of the Thermo Scientific™ MSQ Plus™ Mass Detector. It also
provides step-by-step instructions for cleaning and maintaining the mass detector.
This manual documents features of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector controlled by the Thermo
MSQ 2.0 software. To view the instrument software version of the mass detector once you
have configured it, choose Help > About Home Page from the Xcalibur™ Roadmap view.
Contents
• Related Documentation
• Safety and Special Notices
• Safety Precautions
• Solvent and Gas Purity Requirements
• Contacting Us
 To suggest changes to documentation or to Help
Complete a brief survey about this document by clicking the button below.
Thank you in advance for your help.
Related Documentation
In addition to this guide, Thermo Fisher Scientific provides the following documents for the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector as PDF files:
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Started Guide
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Preinstallation Guide
Thermo Scientific
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
xv
Preface
Related Documentation
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Calmix Kit Preparation Guide
• Dionex AXP/AXP-MS Metering Pump Operator’s Manual
• Dionex Chromelon/MSQ Plus Operator’s Guide
• Dionex MSQ Plus Facilities Preinstallation Requirements Guide
• Dionex MSQ Hardware Manual
• Dionex Installation and Commissioning Guide
• Dionex MSQ Preventive Maintenance
• Dionex MSQ10LA Nitrogen Generator for Mass Spectrometers
• Dionex MSQ18LA Nitrogen Generator for Mass Spectrometers
• Dionex N118LOA/N418LA Unpacking & Installation
• Dionex N*18KLA Nitrogen Generator User Manual
• Dionex MSQ Getting Started
• Safety and Regulatory Guide
You also receive a printed copy of the Safety and Regulatory Guide with your MSQ Plus
Mass Detector. This guide contains important safety information about Thermo
Scientific LC and MS systems. Make sure that all lab personnel have read and have access
to this document.
The software also provides Help.
xvi
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
Thermo Scientific
Preface
Safety and Special Notices
Safety and Special Notices
Make sure you follow the precautionary statements presented in this guide. The safety and
other special notices appear in boxes.
Safety and special notices include the following:
CAUTION Highlights hazards to humans, property, or the environment. Each CAUTION
notice is accompanied by an appropriate CAUTION symbol.
IMPORTANT Highlights information necessary to prevent damage to software, loss of
data, or invalid test results; or might contain information that is critical for optimal
performance of the system.
Note Highlights information of general interest.
Tip Highlights helpful information that can make a task easier.
Safety Precautions
Observe the following safety precautions when you operate or perform service on the MSQ
Plus Mass Detector:
CAUTION Do not perform any servicing other than that contained in the MSQ Plus
Mass Detector Hardware Manual. To avoid personal injury or damage to the
instrument, do not perform any servicing other than that contained in the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector Hardware Manual or related manuals unless you are qualified to do so.
CAUTION Shut down the mass detector and disconnect it from line power before you
service it. High voltages capable of causing personal injury are used in the instrument.
Some maintenance procedures require that the mass detector be shut down and
disconnected from line power before service is performed. Do not operate the mass
detector with the top or side covers off. Do not remove protective covers from PCBs.
CAUTION Do not interfere with the safety interlock. Interfering with the safety
interlock will expose you to potentially lethal electrical hazards.
Thermo Scientific
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
xvii
Preface
Safety Precautions
CAUTION Respect heated zones. Treat heated zones with respect. The ion transfer
capillary and the APCI vaporizer might be very hot and might cause severe burns if
touched. Allow heated components to cool before you service them.
CAUTION Place the mass detector in Standby (or Off ) mode before you open the
atmospheric pressure ionization (API) source. The presence of atmospheric oxygen in
the API source when the mass detector is on could be unsafe. The mass detector
automatically goes into standby mode when you open the API source; however, take this
added precaution for safety reasons.
CAUTION Take care when handling the corona pin. The corona pin is sharp and can
cause personal injury. Take care when removing or installing the corona pin.
CAUTION Make sure you have sufficient nitrogen for your API source. Before you
begin normal operation each day, make sure that you have sufficient nitrogen for your API
source. The presence of atmospheric oxygen in the API source when the mass detector is
on could be unsafe.
CAUTION Contain waste streams. Because the API source can accommodate high
solvent flow rates, you must make provisions to collect the waste solvent.
CAUTION Provide adequate fume exhaust systems for the API source solvent waste
container and the forepump. Your laboratory must be equipped with at least two fume
exhaust systems: one to vent the waste container connected to the exhaust port (API
solvent drain) on the back of the mass detector and the other to vent the forepump
exhaust. As described in the MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide, route the
(blue) forepump exhaust hose to a dedicated fume exhaust system. Because the exhaust
hose acts as a trap for exhaust fumes that would otherwise recondense in the forepump oil,
the hose should travel at floor level for a minimum of two meters (78.5 in.) before it
reaches the external exhaust system. Route tubing from the waste container connected to
the exhaust port on the back of the mass detector to a second dedicated fume exhaust
system. Consult local regulations for the proper method of exhausting the fumes from
your system.
Do not vent the PVC drain tube (or any vent tubing connected to the waste container) to
the same fume exhaust system that is connected to the forepump. The forepump exhaust
contains pump oil, which can seriously contaminate the analyzer optics of the mass
spectrometer.
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MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
Thermo Scientific
Preface
Solvent and Gas Purity Requirements
Solvent and Gas Purity Requirements
Because the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is extremely sensitive to solvent impurities, use the
highest purity solvents available. Use liquid chromatography grade or higher solvents and
buffers. Because deionized water contains chemicals that the MSQ Plus Mass Detector can
detect, use distilled water.
The following table lists international sources that can supply high-quality solvents.
Solvent source
Telephone or fax number
Mallinckrodt/Baker, Inc.
Tel: (800) 582-2537
Fax: (908) 859-9370
Burdick & Jackson, Inc.
Tel: (800) 368-0050
Fax: (616) 725-6216
E. M. Science, Inc.
Tel: (800) 222-0342
Fax: (800) 336-4422
Contacting Us
There are several ways to contact Thermo Fisher Scientific for the information you need.
 To contact Technical Support
Phone
800-532-4752
Fax
561-688-8736
E-mail
[email protected]
Knowledge base
www.thermokb.com
Find software updates and utilities to download at mssupport.thermo.com.
 To contact Customer Service for ordering information
Phone
800-532-4752
Fax
561-688-8731
E-mail
[email protected]
Web site
www.thermo.com/ms
 To get local contact information for sales or service
Go to www.thermoscientific.com/wps/portal/ts/contactus.
Thermo Scientific
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
xix
 To copy manuals from the Internet
Go to mssupport.thermo.com, agree to the Terms and Conditions, and then click
Customer Manuals in the left margin of the window.
 To suggest changes to documentation or to Help
• Fill out a reader survey online at www.surveymonkey.com/s/PQM6P62.
• Send an e-mail message to the Technical Publications Editor at
[email protected]
1
Introduction
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector is an advanced analytical instrument that includes a mass
detector, forepump, data system, and an optional cone wash pump. Integrated with an LC
system, the MSQ Plus Mass Detector provides the separation capability of an HPLC and the
detection capability of a single-quadrupole mass detector. See Figure 1.
Contents
• Overview
• Ion Polarity Modes
• Ionization Techniques
• Scan Types
• Data Types
Figure 1.
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MSQ Plus Mass Detector and the Accela™ LC system
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
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Introduction
Overview
Overview
In a typical LC/MS analysis, an analytical pump pushes solvent through an LC column under
high pressure. An autosampler introduces a measured quantity of sample into this solvent
stream. As the solvent stream passes through the LC column, the sample separates into its
chemical components. The rate at which the components of the sample elute from the
column depends on their relative affinities to the liquid mobile phase solvent and the solid
particles that make up the column packing. As the separated chemical components exit the
LC column they pass through a transfer line and enter the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector consists of an atmospheric pressure ionization (API) source, a
transfer lens, a mass analyzer, and an ion detection system. A vacuum manifold encloses part
of the API source, the M-path, the transfer lens, the mass analyzer, and the ion detection
system.
Mass detectors can detect only ionized molecules. The MSQ Plus Mass Detector provides two
techniques: atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) and electrospray (ESI). In APCI
mode, molecules ionize in the gaseous phase as they enter the API source. In ESI mode,
molecules ionize in the liquid phase before they enter the ion source. For both ionization
techniques, the mass detector can place either a positive or negative charge on the capillary of
the API probe at any point in time. During a chromatographic run, the mass detector can
switch the charge applied to the capillary. By repelling ions of like charge towards the entrance
of the mass detector, the charged capillary acts as a charge filter.
The vacuum produced by the forepump draws both neutral molecules and ionized molecules
through the entrance cone into the M-path region of the mass detector. The charge on the
ionized molecules depends on the selected ion polarity mode. In the M-path region, the low
vacuum of 1 torr produced by the forepump draws the neutral molecules out of the mass
detector, enriching the ion stream. By the time the ion stream reaches the exit cone, the
solvent flow has decreased by three orders of magnitude. The charge on the exit cone focuses
and propels the ionized molecules into the intermediate vacuum region of the mass detector.
As the ionized molecules pass through the exit cone, the transfer lens focuses them into a fine
particle stream and transmits them to the mass analyzer. The mass analyzer transmits ions of a
selected mass-to-charge ratio to the ion detection system, where they produce a signal. The
system electronics amplify the signal, which is then transmitted through a USB connection to
the MSQ Plus Mass Detector data system.
Ion Polarity Modes
You can operate the MSQ Plus Mass Detector in the following ion polarity modes: positive,
negative, or positive-negative switching. The application controls the ion polarity by placing
either a positive or negative charge on the capillary of the API probe.
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Ionization Techniques
The information obtained from a positive-ion mass spectrum is different from and
complementary to that obtained from a negative-ion spectrum. Switching between positive
and negative ionization modes in a single analytical run gives you the ability to identify more
compounds in a single run.
Rapid ion polarity switching is a technique that is applied to several important areas of MS
analysis, for example:
• Quantitation of different chemistries within the same run
In drug metabolism studies, certain compounds have functional groups that readily
accept a proton (H+)—for example, compounds containing a primary amino group
(R–NH2 + H+ --> R-NH3)—and respond best in the positive ion polarity mode. Other
compounds have functional groups that readily lose a proton—for example, carboxylic
acids (R-CO2H --> R-CO2–)—and respond best in the negative ion polarity mode.
• Rapid screening of unknown analytes
Some compounds with functional groups, such as carboxylic acids, respond only in the
negative mode. Some compounds with functional groups, such as amines, alcohols, and
ketones, respond better or only in the positive mode. If you do not know the identity of
your analyte, screen in both modes.
Ionization Techniques
You can operate the MSQ Plus Mass Detector in both electrospray (ESI) and atmospheric
pressure chemical ionization (APCI) modes.
Electrospray (ESI)
The electrospray (ESI) technique transfers ions in solution into the gas phase1.
Ion Desolvation Mechanism
To produce gas phase ions in ESI, the following sequence of events occurs:
1. The ESI capillary, to which a high voltage is applied, sprays sample solution into a fine
mist of droplets that are electrically charged at their surface.
2. The electrical charge density at the surface of the droplets increases as solvent evaporates
from the droplets until it reaches a critical point, known as the Rayleigh stability limit. At
this critical point, the droplets divide into smaller droplets because the electrostatic
1
Refer to the following papers for more information on the electrospray process: Fenn, J. B.; Mann, M.; Meng,
C. K.; Wong, S. F.; Whitehouse, C. M. Mass Spectrometry Reviews 1990, 9, 37; Smith, R. D.; Loo, J. A.; Edmonds,
C. G.; Barinaga, C. J.; Udseth, H. R. Anal. Chem. 1990, 62, 882; Ikonomou, M. G.; Blades, A. T.; Kebarle, P.
Anal. Chem. 1991, 63, 1989.
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Introduction
Ionization Techniques
repulsion is greater than the surface tension. The process repeats itself, forming smaller
and smaller droplets.
3. From the very small, highly charged droplets, the force of electrostatic repulsion ejects
sample ions into the gas phase.
4. The charged ESI capillary attracts gas phase ions of opposite charge and repels gas phase
ions of the same charge.
The low vacuum of 1 torr produced by the forepump draws both ionized molecules repelled
by the charge on the capillary and neutral molecules in the gaseous phase into the mass
detector through the entrance cone. Figure 2 shows the steps in the formation of gas phase
ions from highly charged droplets.
Figure 2.
Positive ion electrospray mechanism
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Negative ions
attracted back
to the capillary
+ + +
+
+
+ +
+
+ + +
+
Positively charged
capillary +3 to +5 kV
Fine spray
Large droplet
+ ++
+
+
+
+
+
+
++ +
+
+
+++
++
+
+
+
Positive ions
ejected from
the surface
Ions moving towards
the surface
Spectral Characteristics
In ESI mode, ionization takes place in the liquid phase. Polar compounds of low molecular
weight (<1000 Da) typically form singly charged ions by the loss or gain of a proton. Basic
compounds (for example, amines) can form a protonated molecule [M + H]+, which can be
analyzed in the positive ion polarity mode to give a peak at an m/z value of M + 1, where M
equals the mass of the original molecule. Acidic compounds (for example, sulphonic acids)
can form a deprotonated molecule [M – H]-, which can be analyzed in the negative ion
polarity mode to give a peak at an m/z value of M – 1. Because electrospray is a very soft
ionization technique, there is usually little or no fragmentation, and the spectrum contains
only the protonated or deprotonated molecule.
Preformed ions can also include adducts. Adduct ions are produced by the interaction
reaction between a molecule and an ionic species to form an ion that contains all the
constituent atoms of the original molecule, as well as one or more additional atoms.
Common adducts are ammonium ions (NH4+), yielding an m/z value of [M + 18]+, sodium
ions (Na+), yielding an m/z value of [M + 23]+, and potassium ions (K+), yielding an m/z value
of [M + 39]+.
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Ionization Techniques
Sample ions can carry a single charge or multiple charges. The number of charges carried by
the sample ions depends on the structure of the analyte of interest and the carrier solvent.
Because of multiple charging, you can use the ESI mode to analyze ions with molecular
weights greater than 100000 Da. This makes ESI especially useful for the mass analysis of
polar compounds, including biological polymers and industrial polymers. The mass spectra
for these compounds typically consist of a series of peaks corresponding to a distribution of
multiply charged analyte ions.
You can run ESI in three ion-polarity modes: positive, negative, or positive-negative
switching. Because like charges repel each other, select the ion polarity mode that matches the
polarity of your analytes:
• For acidic compounds, which form negative ions in solution, select the negative ion
polarity mode.
• For basic compounds, which form positive ions in solution, select the positive ion polarity
mode.
• For unknown mixtures, select the positive-negative switching mode.
Droplet size, surface charge, liquid surface tension, solvent volatility, and ion solvation
strength affect the ESI process. Large droplets with high surface tension, low volatility, strong
ion solvation, low surface charge, and high conductivity prevent good electrospray. The buffer
type and buffer strength have a noticeable effect on sensitivity, making it important to choose
these variables correctly.
Organic solvents such as methanol, acetonitrile, and isopropyl alcohol are superior to water
for ESI. Volatile acids and bases can be used, but salt concentrations above 10 mM and strong
acids and bases are extremely detrimental to the mass spectrometer.
The rules for a good electrospray are as follows:
• Keep salts out of the solvent system.
• Use organic or aqueous solvent systems and volatile acids and bases.
• Optimize the pH of the solvent system.
Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization (APCI)
Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) is a soft ionization technique that is used to
analyze compounds of medium polarity that have some volatility.
Ion Generation Mechanism
The following sequence of events produces ions in APCI:
1. The APCI capillary sprays the sample solution into a fine mist of droplets.
2. A high-temperature tube (the heated nebulizer) vaporizes the droplets.
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Introduction
Ionization Techniques
3. A high voltage applied to a needle located near the exit end of the tube creates a corona
discharge. Energized electrons produced by the corona discharge ionize the nitrogen
nebulizing gas. The nitrogen ions react with the solvent molecules to form solvent ions.
4. The solvent ions react with sample molecules to form sample ions.
Figure 3 shows these four steps in APCI.
Figure 3.
Positive-ion APCI mechanism
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
N2
Liquid
N2
Solvent molecules
Heated nebulizer
Sample molecules
Corona pin produces
a corona discharge
Ionized
sample
molecules
APCI is a gas phase ionization technique in which the gas phase acidities and basicities of the
analyte and solvent vapor play an important role.
In the positive-ion mode, sample ionization occurs in a series of reactions that start with the
electron-initiated cation formation. Following are typical examples of primary, secondary, and
adduct-ion formation.
Primary ion formation:
e– + N2 —> N2+• + 2e–
Secondary ion formation:
N2+• + H2O —> N2 + H2O+•
H2O+• + H2O —>H3O+ + HO•
Proton transfer:
H3O+ + M —>(M + H)+ + H2O
In negative-ion mode, (M – H)– is typically formed by the abstraction of a proton by OH–.
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Introduction
Scan Types
Because the APCI process produces only singly charged ions, its use is limited to small
molecules with molecular weights up to about 2000 Da. Because the APCI process takes place
in the gas phase, minor changes in most variables such as changes in buffer or buffer strength
have no effect.
You can use APCI in the positive, negative, or positive-negative switching ion polarity mode.
For most molecules, the positive-ion mode produces a stronger ion current, especially for
molecules with one or more basic nitrogen (or other basic) atoms. Exceptions to the general
rule are molecules with acidic sites such as carboxylic acids and acid alcohols, which produce
more negative ions than positive ions. Although the negative ion polarity mode generates
fewer ions, it also generates less chemical noise than does the positive mode, making it more
selective.
Spectral Characteristics
Like electrospray, APCI is a soft ionization technique and forms singly charged ions, either the
protonated, [M + H]+, or deprotonated, [M – H]–, molecule, depending on the selected ion
polarity mode. Unlike electrospray, however, APCI does not produce multiply charged ions,
so it is unsuitable for the analysis of high-molecular-weight compounds, such as proteins or
peptides.
Because APCI uses a heated probe to aid the desolvation process, it is not suitable for
thermally labile (unstable) compounds, which can fragment in the ion source.
Scan Types
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector provides two scan types, full scan and selected ion monitoring
(SIM).
Full Scan
A full scan provides a mass spectrum over a defined mass range. Because the mass detector has
to monitor multiple m/z values during a chromatographic run, a full scan does not provide the
sensitivity that SIM provides. The faster the chromatographic peaks elute, the lower the
sensitivity.
Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM)
In selected ion monitoring (SIM), you specify the monitoring of a particular ion or set of ions.
Because only a few ions are monitored during a chromatographic run, SIM can provide lower
detection limits than a full-scan analysis. Use SIM if you need to detect small quantities of a
target compound and you know the mass spectrum of your target compounds and the mass
spectrum of the sample matrix.
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Introduction
Data Types
SIM can improve the detection limit for quantitative analyses, but it can also reduce
specificity. SIM monitors only specific ions. Therefore, any compound that produces those
ions appears to be the target compound, resulting in false positives.
Data Types
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector provides profile, centroid, and MCA data types.
From the Xcalibur data system, you can acquire and display mass spectral data (intensity
versus mass-to-charge ratio) in the profile or centroid data types (peak formats). From the
Tune window, you can acquire and display mass spectral data in all three data types.
Profile Data Type
In the profile data type, you can see the shape of the spectral peaks in the mass spectrum, as
shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4.
Spectrum of D-raffinose shown in profile peak format in full scan
503
100
%
281
283
325
504
0
275
300
325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
525
m/z
Each atomic mass unit is divided into approximately 15 sampling intervals. The intensity of
the ion current is determined at each of the sampling intervals. The intensity at each sampling
interval is displayed with the intensities connected by a continuous line.
In general, the profile data type is used when you tune and calibrate the mass detector so that
you can easily see and measure mass resolution.
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Introduction
Data Types
Centroid Data Type
In the centroid data type, the mass spectrum appears as a bar graph, as shown in Figure 5. In
this data type, the Xcalibur data system sums the intensities for each 15-point sampling
interval and displays the summed intensities versus the integral center of mass of the sampling
interval. To increase the scan speed and reduce the disk space requirements, use the centroid
data type for data acquisition. Data processing is also much faster for centroid data.
Figure 5.
Spectrum of pentachlorophenol shown as centroid peak type in full scan
265
100
267
263
%
0
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
m/z
MCA Data Type
The third type of full scan acquisition is MCA, shown in Figure 6. Such data can be thought
of as “summed profile,” with only one intensity-accumulated scan being written to disk for a
given experiment. As the Xcalibur data system acquires each scan, it adds the intensity data to
the accumulated summed data of previous scans.
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Introduction
Data Types
Figure 6.
Spectrum of horse heart myoglobin shown as MCA in full scan
848
100
893
808
942
771
998
%
1060
738
694
944
707
1131
999
1212
1305
0
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
m/z
An advantage of MCA is that although noise accumulates at the same rate as sample-related
data, summing random noise over a number of scans reduces its effect, increasing the
signal-to-noise ratio. A further advantage of MCA is that the Xcalibur data system writes data
to disk only at the end of an experiment, significantly reducing disk space requirements.
Because an MCA raw file contains only one scan, you cannot use the MCA for time-resolved
data such as LC/MS analyses. Generally, you use MCA to acquire data when you perform
infusion or loop injection experiments on samples of fairly weak concentration to enhance the
signal. You can view the real-time spectrum and stop the data acquisition when you obtain the
required results. MCA is particularly useful for the acquisition of raw data from the infusion
of proteins and peptides.
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Functional Description
This chapter describes the principal components of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and their
functions. See Figure 7.
Contents
• Liquid Chromatograph
• Reference Inlet System
• Mass Detector
• Cone Wash System
• Data System
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Functional Description
Figure 7.
Accela LC, MSQ Plus Mass Detector, cone wash pump, forepump, and data system
Accela LC system
MSQ Plus
Mass Detector
ACCELA
Autosampler
Power
Communication
Run
Reference inlet
system inside
front door
Monitor
Ethernet
switchbox
Data system
computer
Temperature
Autosampler
Cone wash
pump
User-supplied
printer
ACCELA
Pump
Pump
Power
Communication
Run
Degas
Oil Mist Filter EMF 20
Solvent
trap
Waste container for
LC system
Forepump with
oil mist filter
A functional block diagram of the LC/MS integrated system with an Accela LC pump, Accela
Autosampler, and the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is shown in Figure 8.
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Figure 8.
Functional Description
Functional block diagram of the LC/MS system
MSQ Plus Mass Detector
Autosampler
Data system
Column
LC
pump
Printer
API
source
Ion
optics
Mass
analyzer
Reference
inlet
system
Ion
detection
system
Instrument
control
electronic
assemblies
Personal
computer
Video
monitor
Vacuum
system
Narrow, double-headed arrows represent electrical connections.
Broad, single-headed arrows represent the flow of sample molecules through the instrument.
A sample transfer line connects the Accela LC to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector. The Accela
LC system is usually installed to the left of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector to minimize the
length of tubing required to connect the outlet from the LC to the inlet of the mass
spectrometer. You can also integrate liquid chromatography systems supplied by other
manufacturers with the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
An autosampler injects samples into the mobile phase stream provided by the LC pump. As
the stream passes through the LC column, the sample mixture divides between a solid
stationary phase of large surface area and the liquid mobile phase. The molecular structure of
each component of the mixture determines when each component elutes from the column.
The outlet of the LC column can be directly connected to a UV detector, the mass detector, or
both with a split flow tee. For instructions on connecting a split flow tee, see “Optimizing the
LC Conditions” on page 127. When preformed sample ions enter the API source of the mass
detector, they are desolvated by electrospray (ESI), or sample molecules are desolvated and
ionized by atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI). The vacuum system draws the
vaporized molecules and ions into the ion optics. The ion optics focus and accelerate the
resulting sample ions into the mass analyzer, where they are analyzed according to their
mass-to-charge ratios. As the mass analyzer ejects sample ions, an ion detection system detects
them, producing an ion current signal. The system electronics receive the ion current signal,
which is proportional to the number of ions in solution, and amplify it. Then they pass it on
to the data system for further processing, storage, and display.
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Functional Description
Liquid Chromatograph
Liquid Chromatograph
The LC pump pumps the mobile phase through the LC column and into the API source. The
autosampler introduces the sample into the mobile phase stream.
Contact closure provides autosampler start and stop signals to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
Refer to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide for information on connecting
an autosampler to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector by contact closure.
Configure the Xcalibur data system for your LC devices with the Xcalibur Instrument
Configuration application.
 To open the Instrument Configuration application
• Double-click the Instrument Configuration icon,
, on the Windows™ desktop.
–or–
• Choose Start > Programs >Thermo Foundation x.x > Instrument Configuration.
The Thermo Foundation Instrument Configuration window opens, as shown in Figure 9.
 To minimize the number of devices displayed in the Devices box
Do one of the following:
• Select All in the Device Type box to display all the available devices controlled by the
Xcalibur data system.
• Select LC in the Device Type box to display only LC pumps.
• Select AS in the Device Type box to display only autosamplers and devices that
include an autosampler.
• Select Detector in the Device Type box to display only detectors.
• Select MS in the Device Type box to display only mass detectors.
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Figure 9.
Functional Description
Reference Inlet System
Thermo Foundation Instrument Configuration window
For more information on configuring the software for LC devices, see the chapter in the MSQ
Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide that pertains to LC devices or to the Help
available from the Xcalibur Instrument Configuration window.
For information on controlling your LC devices from the Xcalibur data system, refer to the
Help available from the Xcalibur Instrument Setup window. Front-panel (keypad) operation
of the LC devices and maintenance procedures for the LC devices are described in the
documentation provided with the LC.
Reference Inlet System
Use the reference inlet system to introduce calibrant solution into the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector to perform a full-system autotune or a mass-scale calibration, which is a subset of the
full-system autotune procedure.
During an automated full-system autotune, the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and instrument
control software perform these steps:
• The mass detector infuses the calibrant solution, and the software electronically adjusts
the resolution of the peaks at low, mid, and high mass. The resolution of the peaks is
adjusted to unity Dalton at their baselines.
• Performs a mass-scale calibration. During a mass-scale calibration, the software performs
these steps.
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Functional Description
Reference Inlet System
–
Compares the empirically determined masses of the factory-supplied calibrant
solution to a reference file of the same compound that contains the correct mass for
each peak.
–
Adjusts the empirically determined masses in the acquired data file to match those in
the reference file.
The software applies these adjustments to all subsequent acquisitions until you perform a new
full-system autotune or mass-scale calibration.
After installing the MSQ Plus Mass Detector, a Thermo Fisher Scientific service engineer
performs a full-system autotune. You must repeat the procedure if you move the MSQ Plus
Mass Detector to a new location, install or update the Xcalibur data system, or change the
laboratory environment. If you notice a drift in the mass accuracy of your analyses, you
should perform a mass-scale calibration.
Note Perform a mass-scale calibration by selecting either the Full System Autotune or the
Mass Scale Calibration option from the Instrument Tuning and Calibration wizard.
The reference inlet system consists of a reference inlet reservoir, a waste reservoir nitrogen
pressurization line, a PEEK™ delivery tube, and a Rheodyne™ microinjection (switching)
valve. One end of the PEEK tubing is inserted into the reference reservoir and the other end
of the tubing is attached to port 5 of the Rheodyne microinjection valve.
Pressuring the reference reservoir with nitrogen gas and switching the valve to the load
position forces the calibrant solution through the tubing into a 500 L sample loop, as shown
in Figure 10. After the sample loop is filled, the valve switches to the inject position, allowing
mobile phase to push the calibrant out of the sample loop and through the API probe, as
shown in Figure 11.
CAUTION The union that connects the Rheodyne microinjection (switching) valve to the
API probe is a grounding union. Do not connect port 3 of the Rheodyne microinjection
directly to the inlet of the API probe. Bypassing the grounding union could lead to
instrument damage and personal injury.
Note Thermo Fisher Scientific recommends that you avoid using the reference inlet for
sample introduction. This inlet is used exclusively for autotune.
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Functional Description
Reference Inlet System
Figure 10. Microinjection (switching) valve in the Load position
2
1
3
500 uL sample loop
Grounding union
6
4
5
To API probe
To waste
Connection
to LC
Nitrogen line
Clip
Waste reservoir
Reference inlet reservoir
Figure 11. Microinjection (switching) valve in the Inject position
2
500 uL sample loop
1
3
4
Connection
to LC
Grounding union
6
5
To waste
To API probe
Nitrogen line
Clip
Waste reservoir
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Functional Description
Mass Detector
Mass Detector
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector provides sample ionization and mass analysis of samples
injected with an autosampler or samples infused with the reference inlet system. The MSQ
Plus Mass Detector uses a quadrupole mass analyzer with an API source external to the mass
analyzer.
This section describes the following components of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector:
• Front Panel Status Indicator
• Back Panel Controls and Connections
• Connection Between LC and Mass Detector
• API Sources
• RF/dc Prefilter
• Mass Analyzer
• Ion Detection System
• Vacuum System
• Inlet Gas Hardware
Front Panel Status Indicator
One light-emitting diode (LED) is located at the upper right corner of the front panel of the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector, as shown in Figure 12. Table 1 lists the states of the status LED.
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Functional Description
Mass Detector
Figure 12. Front view of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
Status LED
Table 1. States of MSQ Plus Mass Detector Status LED
Instrument status
Light
Vented
Red
Venting
Red
Pumping down
Flashing yellow
Under vacuum (above vacuum trip)
Red
Under vacuum (ready for use)
Yellow
Operate On (MSQ Plus Mass Detector in use)
Green
Initially, when a Thermo Fisher Scientific service engineer installs the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector and turns on the forepump, the status LED is red. As the system pumps down, the
LED flashes yellow. After the vacuum reaches 10–4 torr and the turbomolecular pump reaches
its operating speed, the LED turns solid yellow.
If you vent the system for a brief period of less than two hours (for example, to perform
maintenance on the source block), wait 15 minutes after pumping down the system to place
the mass detector in Operate mode. If the system has been in a vented state for more than a
brief period, pump the system down, and then wait a minimum of eight hours before
operating the system.
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Functional Description
Mass Detector
Back Panel Controls and Connections
The back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is shown in Figure 13. The back panel
controls and connections include the following:
• MAINS ON/OFF
• PUMP OUT
• MAINS IN
• USB port
• User I/O panel
• Reset button
• Source line
• Backing line
• Exhaust line
• GAS IN
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Functional Description
Mass Detector
Figure 13. Back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
USB connection to
data system computer
USB
USER I/O
START IN +
START IN -
READY OUT +
READY OUT -
RESET
Connected to
forepump
Connected to
forepump
Reset button for
downloading firmware
SOURCE
BACKING
MAINS ON/OFF
Connected to
solvent trap
Connector for
contact closure
EXHAUST
GAS IN
6 BARS MAX
PUMP OUT
MAINS IN
Power switch
Power supply for
forepump
Connection to
line power
Connected to
user-supplied nitrogen source
The main power circuit breaker switch (labeled MAINS ON/OFF), the power source for the
forepump (labeled PUMP OUT), and the connection to line power (labeled MAINS IN) are
located in the lower-right corner of the back panel of the mass detector. In the Off (O)
position, the circuit breaker removes all power to the mass detector, including the forepump
(rotary vacuum pump). In the On (I) position, power is supplied to the mass detector and the
forepump (rotary vacuum pump). In the standard operational mode, the circuit breaker is
kept in the On (I) position.
The power supply requirements for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector are 230 Vac, regulated to
± 5% at 50 or 60 Hz. The application ships with power cords appropriate to its shipping
destination.
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Functional Description
Mass Detector
A USB port, an eight-terminal contact closure connector (labeled USER I/O), and a reset
button are located in the upper-right corner of the back panel. A USB cable connects the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector to the data system computer. Hardwiring terminals 1 and 2 on the
User I/O panel to the autosampler provides contact closure. Pressing the Reset button
downloads the software (firmware) for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector from the data system and
restores communications.
Three manifolds are located on the left side of the back panel. The lines that exit the source
and backing manifolds are connected to the forepump (also referred to as a backing pump,
rotary vacuum pump, or roughing pump). The line that exits the exhaust manifold is
connected to a solvent trap, which is connected to a user-supplied fume hood or industrial
vent.
The connection to the user-supplied nitrogen source (labeled GAS IN) is located in the
bottom-middle of the back panel. The MSQ Plus Mass Detector is connected to the
user-supplied nitrogen source with 6 mm OD PTFE tubing.
Connection Between LC and Mass Detector
The connection between the liquid chromatograph and the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is a
PEEK union. This union is located behind the front door of the mass detector to the left of
the source block cover. Figure 14 shows this connection.
Figure 14. Connection between LC and mass detector
0.005 in. ID red,
PEEK tubing from LC
0.005 in. ID red
PEEK tubing to
port 2 of Rheodyne
micro-injection valve
Flow
Flow
API Sources
The atmospheric pressure ionization (API) source forms gas phase sample ions from sample
molecules that are contained in solution. The API source also serves as the sample interface
between the LC and the mass detector. A catch on the left side of the source enclosure door
shuts off the high voltage supply if the door is opened.
You can operate the API source using electrospray (ESI) or atmospheric pressure chemical
ionization (APCI).
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Electrospray (ESI)
The sample, consisting of preformed ions in solution, enters the source through a stainless
steel insert capillary held at a voltage of ± 1 to 5 kV. The insert capillary is surrounded by a
tube that directs a concentric flow of nitrogen nebulizing gas past the droplets of liquid
forming at the tip of the probe. The action of the nebulizing gas and the high voltage
produces an aerosol of liquid droplets containing sample ions and solvent ions. A second
concentric flow of nitrogen gas, referred to as sheath gas, assists the ion evaporation process.
This highly efficient desolvation process close to the entrance cone enables the routine use of
high LC flow rates (up to 2 mL/min) with the ESI technique.
Drawn in by the low vacuum produced by the forepump, the desolvated ions enter the
M-path region through the entrance cone. As the ions exit the focusing region, they pass into
the RF/dc prefilter. Figure 15 shows the components used in electrospray.
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Figure 15. Principal components and the pressure regions used by the ESI probe
LC eluent
Nebulizing gas, N2
Sheath gas, N2
Probe heater
RF/dc prefilter
Insert capillary
Entrance cone
Exit cone
Atmospheric
pressure region
M-path
vacuum region
1 torr
RF/df prefilter
vacuum region
10–3 torr
Forepump
Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization (APCI)
In contrast to electrospray, APCI is a gas phase ionization technique. The sample is carried to
a spray region through a stainless steel insert capillary. The action of both the nebulizing gas
and the heated probe lead to the formation of an aerosol. The desolvation process is assisted
by a second concentric flow of nitrogen gas called the sheath gas.
Ionization occurs as the aerosol leaves the heated nebulizer region. A corona pin, which is
mounted between the heated region and the entrance cone, ionizes the sample molecules with
a discharge needle operating at a constant current of 2 to 10 A in the positive polarity mode
or 5 to 30 A in the negative polarity mode.
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The newly formed ions then enter the focusing region through the entrance cone and pass
into the RF/dc prefilter region. See Figure 16.
Figure 16. Principal components and the pressure regions used by the APCI probe
LC eluent
Nebulizing gas, N2
Sheath gas, N2
Probe heater
Corona pin
RF/dc prefilter
Insert
capillary
Entrance
cone
Extraction cone
Atmospheric
pressure region
M-path
vacuum region
1 torr
RF/df prefilter
vacuum region
10–3 torr
Forepump
RF/dc Prefilter
The RF/dc prefilter focuses the ions produced in the API source and transmits them to the
mass analyzer. The RF/dc prefilter is a square array of square-profile rods that acts as an ion
transmission device and as a wide band-pass mass filter, as shown in Figure 17.
During ion transmission, the offset voltage is positive for the positive ion polarity mode and
negative for the negative ion polarity mode. Increasing the offset voltage increases the kinetic
energy of the ions along the axis of the quadrupole through the differential aperture.
Allowable values for the RF lens bias are –10 to +10 V. In the default tune file (default.tune),
the RF lens bias is set to 1.0 V. The default RF lens bias for the autotune procedure is 0.5 V.
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Figure 17. RF/dc prefilter, square array of square-profile rods
Mass Analyzer
The mass analyzer separates ions according to their mass-to-charge ratio and then passes them
to the ion detection system. In the MSQ Plus Mass Detector, the mass analyzer is a single
quadrupole rod assembly.
RF and DC Fields Applied to the Quadrupoles
In a quadrupole rod assembly, rods diagonally opposite each other in the array are connected
electrically, so the four rods can be considered to be two pairs of two rods each. Ac and
dc voltages are applied to the rods, and these voltages are ramped during the scan. Voltages of
the same magnitude and sign are applied within the rods of each pair. Voltages equal in
magnitude but opposite in sign (dc) and phase (RF) are applied to the different rod pairs. See
Figure 18.
Figure 18. Polarity of the RF and dc voltages applied to the rods of the mass analyzer
+ RF voltage
+ dc voltage
– RF voltage
– dc voltage
The ac voltage applied to the quadrupole rods is of constant frequency. Because the frequency
of this ac voltage is in the radio frequency range, it is referred to as RF voltage. The ratio of RF
voltage to dc voltage determines the resolving power of the quadrupole and the ability of the
mass detector to distinguish between ions of different mass-to-charge ratios.
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Mass Detector
Mass Analysis
The mass analyzer in the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is a square array of round rods. The rods
are charged with a variable ratio of RF voltage and dc voltage. These potentials give rise to an
electrostatic field that gives stable oscillations to ions with a specific mass-to-charge ratio and
unstable oscillations to all others. The mass range for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is 17 to
2000 Da at unit resolution.
At any given instant, one particular set of RF and dc voltage values is being applied to the
mass analyzer rods. Under these conditions, only ions of one mass-to-charge ratio (for
example, m/z 180) are maintained within bounded oscillations as their velocity carries them
through the mass analyzer. During this same time, all other ions undergo unbounded
oscillations. These ions strike one of the rod surfaces, become neutralized, and are pumped
away by the vacuum system. See Figure 19.
Figure 19. Schematic of the RF/dc prefilter, mass analyzer, and ion detector
Source
entrance
cone
M-path
Source
extraction
cone
Square
quadrupole
RF/dc prefilter
Quadrupole
mass analyzer
Ion
detector
Bounded ions successfully
transmitted by the mass
analyzer reaching ion detector
Forepump
Split flow
turbomolecular pump
Thermo Scientific
Unbounded, neutralized ions
being pumped away by the
vacuum system
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Then, at a later time, as the mass analyzer scans to a higher mass, both RF and dc voltages
change, and ions of the next mass-to-charge ratio (for example, m/z 181) are allowed to pass,
while all other ions (including m/z 180) become unstable and undergo unbounded
oscillations. As the mass analyzer scans over the designated mass range, this process continues
with ions of one mass-to-charge ratio after another being transmitted, as the RF and dc
voltages change in value. At the end of the scan, the RF and dc voltages are discharged to zero,
and the process is repeated.
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector can scan the RF and dc voltages over the full mass range of the
system (for example, m/z 17 to 2000) in as short a time as 0.2 seconds. However, under the
conditions usually employed in mass analysis, such a scan should normally be done in about 2
or more seconds to fall within the upper limit of the calibrated scan rate of 1000 Da/s.
Ion Detection System
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector is equipped with a high-sensitivity, off-axis ion detection
system that produces a high signal-to-noise ratio and allows for voltage polarity switching
between positive ion and negative ion modes of operation. The ion detection system includes
a 10 kV conversion dynode and a channel electron multiplier. The ion detection system is
located at the back of the vacuum manifold behind the mass analyzer. Figure 20 shows a
cross-sectional view of the ion detection system.
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Figure 20. Cross-sectional view of the ion detection system, showing the electron multiplier and
the conversion diode
Vacuum manifold
top cover plate
Anode
High-voltage tube
High-voltage ring
Cathode
Electron multiplier
Ions
Secondary particles
Conversion dynode
feedthrough electrode
Mass
analyzer
Conversion
dynode
Conversion dynode
shield tube
The conversion dynode is a concave metal surface that is located at a right angle to the ion
beam. A potential of +10 kV for negative ion detection or –10 kV for positive ion detection is
applied to the conversion dynode. When an ion strikes the surface of the conversion dynode,
one or more secondary particles are produced. These secondary particles can include positive
ions, negative ions, electrons, and neutrals. When positive ions strike a negatively charged
conversion dynode, the secondary particles of interest are negative ions and electrons. When
negative ions strike a positively charged conversion dynode, the secondary particles of interest
are positive ions. These secondary particles are focused by the curved surface of the conversion
dynode and are accelerated by a voltage gradient into the electron multiplier. The conversion
dynode shield, tube, and disk shield the vacuum manifold from the electric field produced by
the conversion dynode.
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The electron multiplier is mounted on the top cover plate of the vacuum manifold next to the
mass analyzer. The electron multiplier includes a cathode and an anode. The cathode of the
electron multiplier is a lead oxide, funnel-like resistor. A potential of up to –2.5 kV is applied
to the entrance of the cathode by the high-voltage ring. The exit end of the cathode (at the
anode) is near ground potential.
The anode of the electron multiplier is a small cup located at the exit end of the cathode. The
anode collects the electrons produced by the cathode. The anode screws into the anode
feedthrough in the top cover plate.
Secondary particles from the conversion dynode strike the inner walls of the electron
multiplier cathode with sufficient energy to eject electrons. The ejected electrons are
accelerated farther into the cathode, drawn by the increasingly positive potential gradient.
Because of the funnel shape of the cathode, the ejected electrons do not travel far before they
again strike the inner surface of the cathode, thereby causing the emission of more electrons. A
cascade of electrons is therefore created that finally results in a measurable current at the end
of the cathode where the electrons are collected by the anode. The current collected by the
anode is proportional to the number of secondary particles striking the cathode.
Typically, the electron multiplier is set to a gain of about 3 × 105, which means that for each
ion or electron that enters, 3 × 105 electrons exit. The current that leaves the electron
multiplier by way of the anode is converted to a voltage by the electrometer circuit and
recorded by the data system.
The ion detection system of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector increases the signal while
maintaining a low noise level. The high voltage applied to the conversion dynode results in a
high conversion efficiency and increased signal. That is, for each ion striking the conversion
dynode, many secondary particles are produced.
Because of the off-axis orientation of the ion detection system relative to the mass analyzer,
neutral molecules from the mass analyzer tend not to strike the conversion dynode or electron
multiplier. As a result, the noise from neutral molecules is greatly reduced.
Vacuum System
The vacuum system evacuates the region around the ion optics, mass analyzer, and ion
detection system. The principal components of the vacuum system include the following:
• Vacuum Manifold
• Turbomolecular Pump
• Turbomolecular Pump
• Pirani Gauge
• Vent Valve
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A functional block diagram of the vacuum system is shown in Figure 21.
Figure 21. Functional block diagram of the vacuum system
Air filter
Vent
valve
LC
(or other
sample input
device)
Sample tube
Atmospheric
pressure
region
M-Path
region
RF/dc
prefilter
region
Analyzer
region
(1 Torr)
(10-3 Torr)
(10-6 Torr)
Pirani
gauge
Split flow
turbomolecular
pump
Exhaust
Forepump
Foreline
Vacuum Manifold
The vacuum manifold encloses the ion optics, mass analyzer, and ion detection system
assemblies. The vacuum manifold is a thick-walled, aluminum chamber with a removable top
cover plate, machined flanges on the front, sides, and bottom, and various electrical
feedthroughs and gas inlets.
The vacuum manifold is divided into three chambers by two baffles. The region inside the
first chamber, called the M-path region, is evacuated to 1 torr by the forepump. The region
inside the second chamber, called the transfer lens region, is evacuated to 10–3 torr by the
interstage port of the split-flow turbomolecular vacuum pump. The region inside the third
chamber, called the mass analyzer region, is evacuated to 10–6 torr by the high vacuum port of
the split-flow turbomolecular pump.
Turbomolecular Pump
A Balzers-Pfeiffer™ TMH 260-250 split-flow turbomolecular pump provides the vacuum for
the transfer lens and mass analyzer regions of the vacuum manifold. The turbomolecular
pump mounts onto the underside of the vacuum manifold with two 4 mm socket screws. The
interstage port of the turbomolecular pump, which evacuates the transfer lens region, is rated
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at 125 L/s. The high vacuum port of the turbomolecular pump, which evacuates the mass
analyzer region, is rated at 200 L/s. Under normal operating conditions, the pump provides a
vacuum of approximately 10–3 torr in the transfer lens region, and 10–6 torr in the mass
analyzer region.
The main power circuit breaker switch turns the power to the turbomolecular pump on or off.
The turbomolecular pump controller regulates the power provided to the turbomolecular
pump. A fan that draws air in from the underside of the instrument cools the turbomolecular
pump.
Forepump
An Edwards™ forepump (also known as a roughing pump, backing pump, or rotary pump)
establishes the vacuum necessary for the proper operation of the turbomolecular pump. The
forepump also evacuates the M-path region of the vacuum manifold. The pump has a
maximum displacement of 30 m3/h and maintains a minimum pressure of approximately
100 Pa (0.75 torr).
The forepump is connected to the turbomolecular pump by a section of 2.54 cm (1 in.) ID
reinforced PVC tubing. The power cord of the forepump is plugged into the outlet labeled
PUMP OUT on the back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector. This outlet supplies power
to the forepump and is controlled by the main power circuit breaker switch. The Edwards
forepump has an On/Off switch that must be turned to the On position to operate the
forepump.
CAUTION Always plug the forepump power cord into the outlet labeled PUMP OUT on
the back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector. Never plug it into a wall outlet. Failure to
follow these instructions could lead to instrument damage and personal injury.
Pirani Gauge
A Pirani gauge measures the pressure in the analyzer region of the vacuum manifold.
Vent Valve
The vent valve allows the vacuum manifold to be vented to air that has been filtered through a
metal mesh. The vent valve is a solenoid-operated valve. The vent valve is closed when the
solenoid is energized.
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Inlet Gas Hardware
Nitrogen gas is used as both the nebulizing gas and the sheath gas for the API probe. Nitrogen
gas is also used to pressurize the reference inlet reservoir that contains the calibration solution
for the mass detector. Dry nitrogen [nominally set to 520 kPa (75 psi) or 450 kPa (45 psi),
99% purity] enters the MSQ Plus Mass Detector through a 6 mm port labeled GAS IN
located on the back panel of the mass detector. See Figure 13 on page 21. The inlet gas
hardware then controls the flow of nitrogen gas to the API probes and the reference inlet
reservoir.
As Figure 22 shows, the inlet gas hardware consists of two regulators, three solenoid valves,
and two restrictors.
Figure 22. Functional block diagram of the inlet gases hardware
2
Vent to
atmosphere
Sheath
gas
API probe
2
3
2
1
1
1
Reference
inlet reservoir
N2 GAS IN
Nebulizing
gas
Restrictor
On/Off
solenoid valve
Regulator
The first regulator, which is located on the front of the mass detector below the source
compartment, as shown in Figure 23, limits the flow of nitrogen gas to the API probe. You
nominally set this regulator to 5.2 bar (75 psi) for ESI mode or 3.1 bar (45 psi) for APCI
mode.
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Figure 23. User-controlled auxiliary nitrogen regulator
Pressure gauge
Nitrogen gas line
Control dial
Reference inlet reservoir,
containing calibrant
Reference waste reservoir
The second regulator limits the flow of nitrogen gas to the reference inlet reservoir. This
regulator, which is inside the mass detector, is preset at the factory.
Note Call a Thermo Fisher Scientific service representative if you suspect that the
nitrogen regulator inside the mass detector is malfunctioning.
The first solenoid valve is the On/Off control for the flow of nitrogen gas into the MSQ Plus
Mass Detector. To turn this valve on or off, click the Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button in
the Per Method Parameters table of the Tune window, shown in Figure 24. After you turn on
the nitrogen gas, you can hear the jet of nitrogen gas flowing into the API probe.
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Figure 24. Per Method Parameters table
Toggle buttons
The second solenoid valve is the On/Off control for the flow of nitrogen gas into the reference
inlet reservoir. The third solenoid valve is the On/Off control for venting the reference inlet
reservoir to the atmosphere. When the nitrogen gas flow is On, selecting either a full-system
autotune or a mass-scale calibration causes the system to alternate between pressurizing and
depressurizing the reference inlet reservoir.
Clicking the Inject From Ref. Inlet button in the Per Method Parameters table has a similar
effect. When you click this toggle button, nitrogen gas pressurizes the reference inlet reservoir.
Pressurizing the reference inlet reservoir pushes the calibrant out of the reference inlet
reservoir bottle and into the 500 L sample loop attached to the microinjection valve of the
mass detector. After the sample loop fills with calibrant, the microinjection valve switches to
the inject position. With the valve in the inject position, the sample loop is open to the
mobile phase stream from the LC pump. The stream pushes the calibrant out of the sample
loop and through the API probe. After the microinjection valve switches to the inject
position, the third solenoid valve switches to the On position, allowing the nitrogen gas to
vent to the atmosphere and depressurizing the reference inlet reservoir.
The first restrictor allows a constant low flow of nitrogen gas to the API probe when the first
solenoid valve is turned off. See dashed line shown in Figure 22 on page 33. The second
restrictor shown in Figure 22 on page 33 limits the flow of sheath gas and acts as a split-flow
regulator by forcing the majority of the gas flow to the API probe through the tubing for the
nebulizing gas.
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Functional Description
Cone Wash System
Note There is a constant low flow of nitrogen gas through the mass detector when it is
not in use. This low flow of nitrogen gas maintains a positive pressure in the source
compartment, preventing fumes from the solvent trap connected to the detector’s exhaust
port from being drawn into the detector. Depending on the API mode and whether the
instrument is in use, the nitrogen consumption is as follows:
• ESI mode consumes approximately 720 L/hr.
• APCI mode consumes approximately 480 L/hr.
• Standby mode consumes approximately 20 to 50 L/hr.
Cone Wash System
The API source on the MSQ Plus Mass Detector includes a self-cleaning solvent delivery
system called the cone wash system. Figure 25 shows an example of this system. It makes the
source robust and productive, greatly increasing the number of samples that can be analyzed
before maintenance is required.
Figure 25. Front of the cone wash pump1
The self-cleaning API source delivers a constant low flow of solvent to the edge of the inlet
orifice. See Figure 26. This low flow of wash solvent prevents the build-up of non-volatile
components during LC/MS analysis that occurs with typical chromatographic buffers (for
example, phosphates and ion pairing agents) and dramatically extends the length of time
possible for analyses.
1
36
Image of the Scientific Systems, Inc. single-piston pump from the Series 1+ Pump Operator’s Manual 90-2518
Rev D by Scientific Systems, Inc.
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Data System
Figure 26. Source enclosure
Entrance cone
Cone wash nozzle
Source enclosure drain
The cone wash system consists of a cone wash pump, PEEK tubing, and a cone wash nozzle.
Red 0.005 in. ID PEEK tubing connects the cone wash pump to the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector. Inside the MSQ Plus Mass Detector, the red PEEK tubing is connected to one end
of a union. Green 0.030 in. ID PEEK tubing is connected to the other end of the union. The
green PEEK tubing is connected to the back of the source block behind the cone wash nozzle.
When you are using the cone wash system, adjust the cone wash nozzle so that solvent flowing
out its tip just touches the orifice of the entrance cone as it falls towards the drain. See
Figure 26. When you are not using the cone wash system, adjust the cone wash nozzle so that
it faces away from the entrance cone. Storing the cone wash nozzle in the 12 o’clock to
2 o’clock position helps to prevent its blockage.
CAUTION The corona needle is very sharp. Do not attempt to adjust the position of the
cone wash nozzle before you turn the corona pin knob to its vertical position.
Instructions for connecting the cone wash pump to the mass detector are included in the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide.
Data System
The Xcalibur data system controls the modules of the LC/MS system. The Server software
handles the communication between the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and the data system
computer. The Xcalibur data system also processes data that is acquired by the MSQ Plus
Mass Detector. Information about the status of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is available from
the Information view of the Xcalibur data system and from the Server LED icon.
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Data System
The data system for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector includes the following components:
• Computer Hardware
• Xcalibur Software
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Server
• Tune Window
• Printer
Computer Hardware
The data system computer satisfies the following minimum system requirements:
• Intel™ Pentium™ 4 at 2.4 GHz processor
• 256 MB of random access memory (RAM)
• 40 GB HDD
• CD-ROM drive
• USB adapter (data system to mass detector)
• Ethernet adapter (data system to local area network)
• 1.44-MB, 3.5 in. disk drive
• Video Graphics card and monitor capable of 1024 × 768 resolution and 65536 colors
(16-bit color quality).
For more information about the computer, refer to the manuals that come with it.
Xcalibur Software
Xcalibur software controls the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and a variety of liquid
chromatography devices. The Xcalibur software package for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
includes the application programs listed in Table 2. Xcalibur Home Page version 2.2 SP1or
later is required for the MSQ 2.0 version of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector software. The
firmware versions of the LC devices controlled by the Xcalibur data system are listed in the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide.
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Table 2. Xcalibur software application programs
Desktop icon
Program name
File name
Xcalibur
Homepage.exe
Instrument Configuration
Xconfig.exe
Tune
MSinst.exe
Signal to Noise Calculator
SigNoise.exe
Note The Signal-to-Noise Calculator program (SigNoise.exe) is only installed for
Xcalibur 2.0 data systems. It is not installed for Xcalibur 2.0.x data systems.
When you start the Xcalibur data system from the Windows desktop by clicking its
application icon, the Xcalibur Roadmap view, shown in Figure 27, opens to show a view of
the data system. The icons shown on this view provide an easy way to access all the major
modules of the data system. In addition, the Xcalibur data system runs the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector server.
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Figure 27. Xcalibur Roadmap view
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Server
The server is the software that handles all communication between the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector and its controlling computer. When you activate the server by running either the
Xcalibur data system or Tune, the Server LED icon is displayed in the system tray of the
Windows taskbar, just to the left of the time display.
Figure 28. View of taskbar, showing the Server icon
The Server icon provides you with information about the status of the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector and mimics a tristate LED display (red, green, yellow) showing:
• Steady red when the mains are on and the instrument is vented or an error has occurred
within the system
• Flashing yellow when the instrument is pumping down
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• Steady yellow when the instrument is pumped down but is not in Operate mode
• Steady green when the instrument is pumped down and is in Operate mode
Right-clicking the Server icon opens the shortcut menu shown in Figure 29.
Figure 29. Server shortcut menu
Use the menu commands as follows:
• Choose Manual Tune to open the Tune window, where you can optimize the
performance of your MSQ Plus Mass Detector for a specific application.
• Choose Instrument Tune and Calibration to display the Instrument Tuning and
Calibration wizard.
• Choose Vent to turn off the turbomolecular pump and vent the vacuum. If the system is
not under vacuum, the menu contains the Pump command. Choose Pump to pump
down the system. The Edwards forepump is not turned off by venting the system. To turn
off the Edwards forepump without turning off the mass detector, set the On/Off switch
on the forepump to the Off position.
• Choose Exit to close the server.
Tune Window
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector Tune window allows you to optimize the mass detector
parameters (manually tune) for your analytes and acquire data to a raw (.raw) file. When you
finish tuning your mass detector for a compound of interest, you save the current values of the
tuning parameters in a tune (.tune) file. In ESI, you empirically determine the optimal probe
temperature, needle voltage, and cone voltage for each application. In APCI, you empirically
determine the optimal probe temperature, corona current, and cone voltage for each
application.
Tip There are three ways to open the Tune window:
• Start the Xcalibur data system. Then double-click the Server icon that appears in the
system tray of the Windows taskbar.
• Double-click the Tune icon on the Windows desktop. Then, double-click the Server
icon that appears in the system tray of the Windows taskbar.
• From the Windows 7 taskbar, choose Start > Tune. Then, double-click the Server
icon that appears in the system tray of the Windows taskbar.
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Data System
Note When you create an instrument method to control your LC/MS instrument during
a sequence run, you import the tune file that contains the empirically determined optimal
needle voltage or corona current for your analyte. You then manually enter all of the other
MS parameters and the chromatography conditions for your analyte. You create
instrument methods in the Instrument Setup window in the Xcalibur data system.
Figure 30 shows the features of the Tune window.
Figure 30. Features of the Tune window
Comms Indicator
Per Method
Parameters table
Title bar
Menu bar
Toolbar
Peak Display
Scan Events
table
Status bar
Title Bar
The title bar is the horizontal band at the very top of the window. It contains the file name of
the currently active tune file. For example, default.tune is the name of the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector default tuning file.
Menu Bar
The Tune window menu bar contains the File, View, and Help menus.
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Toolbar
You can use the toolbar buttons to start and stop acquiring data and to print a tune report.
Comms Indicator
The Tune Comms Indicator, positioned to the right of the Tune toolbar, indicates whether
there is proper communication between the Tune software and the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
The Comms Indicator is represented by an icon, depending on whether you are in Tune mode
or Acquisition mode. The icon can be either stationary or spinning, depending on whether
working communication is occurring.
The Tune icon,
, appears when you are in Tune mode, that is, when you are in the Tune
window and not acquiring data to a file. The icon spins continuously to show that
communication between the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and the computer is established. For
example, whenever the Tune software uploads or downloads a command, the icon spins to
indicate that communication is working correctly.
The Acquisition icon,
, appears when you are in Acquisition mode (that is, when you are
acquiring data to file from the Tune window). A spinning icon indicates that communication
is working correctly.
Scan Events Table
Use the Tune Scan Events table (or Peak Display controls) to define all the scan events that
you want to acquire when performing a manual tune.
Per Method Parameters Table
Use the Tune Per Method Parameters table to enter values and define the settings for the “per
method” tuning parameters. The table also provides individual tuning parameter readbacks.
You can adjust the tuning of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector by altering the values of these
tuning parameters. In ESI, you optimize the probe temperature and the needle voltage for
your application. In APCI, you optimize the probe temperature and the corona current for
your application.
Peak Display
The Tune Peak Display displays a real-time view of each tuning peak as defined by an enabled
scan event (row) in the Tune Scan Events table. Use the Peak Display to monitor the tuning
peaks for both peak form and intensity, particularly when optimizing the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector during a manual tune. Using the parameters available in the Scan Events table, you
can change the number of peaks displayed in the Peak Display and their appearance.
Status Bar
The status bar at the bottom of the Tune window displays information on the current status
of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
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Functional Description
Data System
Printer
Thermo Fisher Scientific does not ship a printer with the MSQ Plus Mass Detector. If you
want to connect a printer that communicates through a USB cable, connect the cable to one
of the USB ports on the front of the data system computer.
Set up the printer from the Print Setup dialog box. To open the Print Setup dialog box,
choose File > Print Setup in any window.
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3
Daily Operation
To optimize the performance of your MSQ Plus Mass Detector, you must perform various
routine operations both before and after you operate the system.
Contents
• Before Operating the Mass Detector
• After Operating the Mass Detector
Before Operating the Mass Detector
This section describes procedures that you might want to perform on a daily basis before you
begin your analyses:
• Checking the Nitrogen Supply
• Checking the Disk Space
• Checking the Oil Level in the Oil Mist Filter
Checking the Nitrogen Supply
Check the nitrogen supply on the regulator of the nitrogen gas tank or liquid nitrogen boil-off
tank. Make sure that you have sufficient gas for your analysis. Typical nitrogen consumption
is 15800 liters per day (based on a 24 hr day). If necessary, replace the tank. Verify that the
pressure of nitrogen reaching the mass spectrometer is between 520 ± 35 kPa (75 ± 5 psi).
If necessary, adjust the pressure with the tank pressure regulator.
Checking the Disk Space
Periodically, verify that your hard disk drive has enough free space for data acquisition. The
amount of available disk space is shown in the Disk Space dialog box.
 To determine the amount of available disk space
1. From the Roadmap view (which is available by choosing Start > Thermo Xcalibur >
Xcalibur from the Windows taskbar), choose Actions > Check Disk Space.
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Daily Operation
Before Operating the Mass Detector
The Disk Space dialog box opens. It lists the following:
• Current drive and directory, for example, C:\Xcalibur\system\programs
• Number of megabytes that are available (free) on the current drive
• Percentage of the current drive that is available
• Total capacity of the current drive
2. To select another disk drive so that you can determine its disk space, click the Directory
button.
3. When you have completed this procedure, click OK to close the dialog box.
If necessary, free space on the hard disk by deleting obsolete files and by moving files from the
hard disk drive to a backup medium. First, copy files to the backup medium and then delete
them from the hard disk.
Checking the Oil Level in the Oil Mist Filter
Once the oil level in the oil mist filter that is attached to the Edwards forepump rises above
the maximum oil level mark, as shown in Figure 31, the oil mist filter becomes ineffective in
trapping exhaust fumes. Therefore, it is important that you check the oil level in the oil mist
filter on a daily basis. See “Draining the Oil Mist Filter and Purging the Pump Oil” on
page 48 for instructions on draining the oil mist filter.
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3 Daily Operation
After Operating the Mass Detector
Figure 31. View of an Edwards forepump with oil mist filter, showing the maximum oil level mark
To exhaust vent
Gas ballast
knob
EDWARDS
Oil Mist Filter EMF 20
Maximum
oil level mark
Oil return tubing
EDWARDS
30
After Operating the Mass Detector
This section describes procedures that you might want to perform after you complete your
analyses:
• Flushing the API Probes
• Placing the System in the Off Mode
• Draining the Oil Mist Filter and Purging the Pump Oil
• Emptying the Solvent Waste Bottles
Flushing the API Probes
After running phosphate salts, ion pairing agents, acids, or other additives through the system,
flush the probe with [50:50] acetonitrile/water or methanol/water to prevent blockage.
Note To prevent blockage, always flush the probes after using buffered solvents.
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After Operating the Mass Detector
 To flush the capillary of the API probe
1. Attach the analytical pump outlet directly to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector. Because they
might contain contaminants, bypass the injection valve of the autosampler and the LC
column.
2. Pump a non-buffered solvent that is miscible with the buffered mobile phase through the
probe at a flow rate of 2 mL/min for a few minutes.
3. Pump [50:50] acetonitrile/water or [50:50] methanol/water through the probe at a flow
rate of 2 mL/min for 30 minutes.
Placing the System in the Off Mode
Place the MSQ Plus Mass Detector in the Off mode if you are not going to use it for a short
period of time, such as overnight or over weekends. In the Off mode, the system is left under
vacuum, but the nitrogen flow is reduced to a bleed through the API probe. The electron
multiplier and conversion dynode are turned off, the power to the ion optics is turned off, and
the power to the probe heater is turned off.
For instructions on turning the system to the Off mode, see “Placing the System in the Off
Mode” on page 101.
Draining the Oil Mist Filter and Purging the Pump Oil
During normal operation, the oil in the forepump becomes contaminated with dissolved
chemicals and water vapor. In addition, the oil mist filter fills with condensed oil. Over time,
the rising water content of the oil can cause corrosion and decrease the lifetime of the
forepump. And once the oil level in the oil mist filter rises above the maximum oil level mark,
as shown in Figure 31 on page 47, the oil mist filter becomes ineffective in trapping exhaust
fumes. Therefore, it is important that you drain the oil back into the forepump and purge the
oil on a routine basis.
CAUTION Do not operate the forepump with the oil level in the oil mist filter above the
maximum-level mark.
Operating the Edwards forepump with the gas ballast valve open allows the oil in the oil mist
filter to drain back into the forepump by way of the oil return tubing. Operating the
forepump with the gas ballast valve open also allows the removal of water and other volatile
contaminants from the forepump oil.
A good time to drain the oil from the oil mist filter and to remove volatile contaminants from
the oil in the forepump is at the end of the working day or after the LC/MS system completes
a sequence run.
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After Operating the Mass Detector
 To drain the oil mist filter and purge volatile contaminants from the oil in the
forepump
1. Turn off the LC pump flow.
2. Turn the nitrogen gas, ion optics, and probe heater off by doing one of the following:
• From the Status page of the Information view in the Xcalibur data system, right-click
the MSQ Plus listing and choose Turn Device Off from the shortcut menu.
–or–
• Open the Per Method Parameters table in the Tune window. Take the system out of
Operate mode by clicking the Operate On/Off toggle button, and then turn off the
nitrogen gas by clicking the Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button.
3. Open the gas ballast valve on the Edwards forepump by turning it six rotations
counterclockwise.
4. Operate the Edwards forepump for approximately 15 minutes with the gas ballast
valve open.
The oil in the oil mist filter returns to the forepump quickly. The prescribed time period
of 15 minutes for ballasting is for the removal of volatile contaminants, such as water.
5. After ballasting the forepump for a period of approximately 15 minutes, close the gas
ballast valve by turning the gas ballast knob clockwise until you feel resistance.
Note Operating the forepump with the gas-ballast valve open increases the rate of oil
loss from the pump. During normal operations, run the forepump with the gas ballast
valve closed.
Emptying the Solvent Waste Bottles
Waste solvents are produced by both the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and the LC system. In the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector, waste solvent flows from the drain port at the bottom of the source
enclosure, out the back of the detector through the exhaust manifold, and into a solvent trap.
Autosamplers, such as the Accela Autosampler, perform a flush operation after each injection.
The flush solution drains to a solvent waste bottle. Dispose of the solvent waste in accordance
with local and federal regulations.
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4
Switching Probes
This chapter describes how to connect an atmospheric pressure ionization (API) probe to the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
Contents
• Switching from ESI to APCI
• Switching from APCI to ESI
Switching from ESI to APCI
Follow these steps to connect an APCI probe to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
 To switch from ESI mode to APCI mode
CAUTION Allow the probe heater to cool before you remove the ESI probe.
1. Turn off the LC pump flow. If you are using the cone wash pump, turn it off.
2. Turn the nitrogen gas, ion optics, and probe heater off by doing one of the following:
• From the Status page in the Information view in the Xcalibur data system, right-click
the MSQ Plus listing to display a shortcut menu, and choose Turn Device Off from
the menu.
–or–
• Open the Per Method Parameters table in the Tune window. Take the system out of
Operate mode by clicking the Operate On/Off toggle button, and then turn off the
nitrogen gas by clicking the Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button.
3. Allow the probe heater to cool.
4. Unscrew and remove the PEEK fingertight fitting from the ESI probe.
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Switching Probes
Switching from ESI to APCI
5. Turn the locking plate on the ESI probe clockwise to the open position. Then pull the
ESI probe out of the probe heater.
6. Remove the APCI probe from the holder located in the door of the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector and replace it with the ESI probe.
CAUTION Take care not to damage the capillary of the probe as you insert the APCI
probe into the probe heater.
7. Turn the locking plate on the APCI probe clockwise to the open position. Insert the
APCI probe into the probe heater, as shown in Figure 33. Then, turn the locking plate
counterclockwise to the closed position.
Figure 32. MSQ Plus Mass Detector setup for the APCI mode
Locking plate in
locked position
Probe heater
Probe mount
Corona pin knob
Source housing
Figure 32 shows the MSQ Plus Mass Detector setup for the APCI mode. Figure 33 shows
the corona pin in the operational position for the APCI mode.
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4 Switching Probes
Switching from APCI to ESI
Figure 33. View of the corona pin in the operational position for the APCI mode
8. Turn the corona pin knob 90 degrees to its horizontal position.
9. Insert the PEEK fingertight fitting into the APCI probe and screw in.
10. Adjust the nitrogen gas pressure to 310 kPa (45 psi).
Switching from APCI to ESI
Follow these steps to connect an ESI probe to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
 To switch from APCI mode to ESI mode
CAUTION Allow the probe heater to cool before you remove the APCI probe.
1. Turn off the LC pump flow. If you are using the cone wash pump, turn it off.
2. Turn the nitrogen gas, ion optics, and probe heater off by doing one of the following:
• From the Status page in the Information view in the Xcalibur data system, right-click
the MSQ Plus listing to display a shortcut menu, and choose Turn Device Off from
the menu.
–or–
• Open the Per Method Parameters table in the Tune window. Take the system out of
Operate mode by clicking the Operate On/Off toggle button, and then turn off the
nitrogen gas by clicking the Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button.
3. Allow the probe heater to cool.
4. Unscrew and remove the PEEK fingertight fitting from the APCI probe.
5. Turn the corona pin knob 90 degrees to its vertical position.
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Switching Probes
Switching from APCI to ESI
6. Turn the locking plate of the APCI probe clockwise to the open position and remove the
APCI probe from the mass detector.
7. Remove the ESI probe from the holder located in the door of the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector and replace it with the APCI probe.
CAUTION Take care not to damage the capillary of the probe as you insert the ESI probe
into the probe heater.
8. Turn the locking plate on the ESI probe clockwise to the open position. Insert the ESI
probe into the probe heater, as shown in Figure 34. Then, turn the locking plate
counterclockwise to the closed position.
Figure 34. MSQ Plus Mass Detector setup for ESI mode
ESI probe
Probe heater
Probe mount
Corona pin knob
Source housing
9. Insert the PEEK fingertight fitting into the ESI probe and screw in.
See Figure 34, which shows the MSQ Plus Mass Detector setup for the ESI mode.
10. Adjust the nitrogen gas pressure to 520 kPa (75 psi).
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5
Routine and Preventive Maintenance
This chapter contains a maintenance schedule and instructions for the maintenance tasks that
you must perform to keep the MSQ Plus Mass Detector in optimal working condition.
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector is a low-maintenance instrument. Apart from fairly light
periodic preventive maintenance, it requires only simple source cleaning and inspection on a
“loss of performance” basis.
Contents
• Maintenance Schedule
• Maintaining the ESI Probe
• Maintaining the APCI Probe
• Maintaining the Probe Heater
• Maintaining the Source Block Assembly
• Maintaining the Forepump
• Maintaining the Turbomolecular Pump
Maintenance Schedule
Table 3 contains a list of routine maintenance procedures that you must perform at the
intervals specified.
The maintenance schedule provides only a rough guide to the maintenance tasks that you are
responsible for. The appropriate frequency for these tasks depends on instrument usage and
the level of system-induced contamination from samples and mobile phase solvents.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Table 3. Maintenance schedule
Frequency
Action
As needed
Clean the source if you see a drop in sensitivity during analyses.
Flush the capillaries after running an analysis that required buffered
solvents. See “Flushing the API Probes” on page 47.
Replace the capillary if it becomes clogged. See “Maintaining the ESI
Probe” on page 56 or “Maintaining the APCI Probe” on page 67.
Clean the probe if it becomes contaminated. See “Maintaining the ESI
Probe” on page 56 or “Maintaining the APCI Probe” on page 67.
Drain the oil from the oil mist filter and purge the oil in the forepump as
described in “Draining the Oil Mist Filter and Purging the Pump Oil” on
page 48.
Monthly
Clean the probe heater. See “Maintaining the Probe Heater” on page 74.
Check the oil level and color in the rotary pump and add oil if necessary.
See “Maintaining the Forepump” on page 95. Refer to the manual that
ships with the rotary pump for instructions on changing the oil.
3 to 6 months
Replace the rotary pump oil after 3000 hours of operation. Refer to the
manual that ships with the pump.
> 6 months
Clean the RF/dc prefilter. See “Cleaning the RF/dc Prefilter” on page 87.
Perform maintenance of the turbo pump every two years.
Maintaining the ESI Probe
Flushing the probe on a regular basis helps to prevent contamination and blockage of its
capillary. But even with the best preventive maintenance, occasionally the capillary can
become blocked and the internal components can become contaminated.
A significant increase in LC pump backpressure (that is, up to 300 psi at a flow rate of
1 mL/min added to the total LC system backpressure) can be symptomatic of a blocked
capillary. Instability in the MS signal can be symptomatic of a partially blocked capillary.
Replace the capillary if it becomes blocked or partially blocked. The inner diameter of the ESI
probe is 127 ± 30 uM, and the expected backpressure at 1 ml/mn is about 150 psi.
CAUTION Wait for the source block and the probe heater assembly to cool before you
remove the ESI probe.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Follow these procedures to perform maintenance on the ESI probe:
• Removing the ESI Probe
• Removing the ESI Capillary
• Cleaning or Replacing the ESI Capillary
• Replacing the Ceramic Sleeve of the ESI Probe
• Installing the ESI Capillary
• Installing the ESI Probe
Removing the ESI Probe
Follow these steps to remove the ESI probe from the probe heater.
 To remove the ESI probe from probe heater
1. Ensure that the solvent flow from LC pump is turned off. If you are using the optional
cone wash pump, ensure that it is turned off.
2. Turn off the nitrogen gas, the probe heater, and the ion optics by doing one of the
following:
• From the Status page of the Information view in the Xcalibur data system, right-click
the MSQ Plus listing, and choose Turn Device Off from the shortcut menu.
–or–
• Open the Per Method Parameters table in the Tune window. Take the system out of
Operate mode by clicking the Operate toggle button, and then turn off the nitrogen
gas by clicking the Nitrogen Gas toggle button.
3. Wait for the source block and the probe heater of the mass detector to cool.
4. Unscrew and remove the PEEK fingertight fitting, shown in Figure 35, from the ESI
probe.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Figure 35. ESI probe installed in the probe heater
PEEK fingertight fitting
Locking plate
(in locked position)
Probe heater
CAUTION Because its capillary tip and ceramic sleeve are fragile, exercise care when you
remove the ESI probe from the probe heater.
5. Turn the locking plate clockwise to the open position, and then carefully remove the ESI
probe from the probe heater. See Figure 36.
Figure 36. Removing the ESI probe from the probe heater
Locking plate
(in open position)
Probe heater
Source housing
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Removing the ESI Capillary
To clean or replace the ESI capillary or to replace the ceramic sleeve, you must remove the ESI
capillary from the probe. See Figure 86 on page 121 for the part numbers of the ESI probe
components.
 To remove the capillary from the ESI probe
1. Remove the ESI probe from the mass detector, as described in “Removing the ESI Probe”
on page 57.
2. Using the 2.5 mm Allen key, unscrew the M3 × 10 cap head stainless steel screw from the
probe clamp, and then remove the probe clamp and the locking plate, as shown in
Figure 37.
Figure 37. Removing the probe clamp and locking plate
Locking
plate
Probe
clamp
M3 × 10, cap head
stainless steel screw
3. Using the front end of the probe clamp, unscrew the capillary retaining nut (adapter) and
remove it from the ESI probe. See Figure 38.
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Routine and Preventive Maintenance
Maintaining the ESI Probe
Figure 38. Removing the capillary retaining nut (adapter)
Probe
clamp
Capillary retaining nut
(adapter)
4. Place a lint-free cloth on the workbench, and then gently shake the ESI capillary (part
number FM102598), graphite ferrule (part number 6070119), and PEEK tube insert
(part number FM102591) assembly out of the ESI probe onto the cloth, as shown in
Figure 39.
Figure 39. Removing the capillary, graphite ferrule, and PEEK insert assembly from the probe
ESI capillary
Graphite ferrule
PEEK insert
CAUTION Because the ESI capillary is fragile and can be damaged easily, exercise care
when handling it.
5. Pull the ESI capillary out of the PEEK tube insert.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Cleaning or Replacing the ESI Capillary
Follow this procedure to clean or replace the ESI capillary.
 To clean or replace an ESI capillary
1. Remove the ESI probe from the probe heater, as described in “Removing the ESI Probe”
on page 57.
2. Remove the ESI capillary from the probe, as described in “Removing the ESI Capillary”
on page 59.
3. If the capillary is reusable, clean its surface with [50:50] methanol/water.
4. Reinstall the clean capillary or a new capillary, as described in “Installing the ESI
Capillary” on page 63.
Figure 40. Partially disassembled ESI probe with capillary removed
ESI ceramic
mount
Locking
plate
Probe
clamp
ESI probe tip
PEEK tube
insert
Graphite
ferrule
ESI probe
ceramic sleeve
ESI probe
mount
Capillary
retaining nut
M3 × 10, cap head
stainless steel screws
Replacing the Ceramic Sleeve of the ESI Probe
If you break the ceramic sleeve of the ESI probe, replace it. See Figure 86 on page 121 for the
part numbers of the ESI probe components.
 To replace the ceramic sleeve of the ESI probe
1. Remove the ESI probe from the mass detector as described in “Removing the ESI Probe”
on page 57.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
2. Disassemble the ESI probe and remove the capillary as described in “Removing the ESI
Capillary” on page 59.
3. Use the 2.5 mm Allen key to unscrew the two M3 × 8 cap head stainless steel screws from
the ESI probe mount. See Figure 42.
4. Pull the ESI probe mount out of the ESI ceramic sleeve and ceramic mount assembly.
5. Remove the ESI ceramic sleeve from the ESI ceramic mount by pulling the sleeve forward
through the top of the mount.
As Figure 41 shows, the ESI ceramic sleeve is slightly flared at one end. This flare holds
the ESI ceramic sleeve in place when you insert it into the ESI ceramic mount.
Figure 41. ESI ceramic mount and ceramic sleeve
ESI ceramic mount
ESI ceramic sleeve
4.00 mm OD
3.90 mm OD
3.80 mm OD
6. Insert a new ESI ceramic sleeve (part number FM103394) into the ESI ceramic mount.
See Figure 42.
7. Place the O-rings in position in the ESI ceramic mount, and then insert the ESI probe
mount into the ESI ceramic mount and ceramic sleeve assembly.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
8. Insert the two M3  8 cap head stainless steel screws into the ESI probe mount and
tighten with the 2.5 mm Allen key.
9. Reinstall the ESI capillary and reassemble the probe, as described in “Installing the ESI
Capillary” on page 63.
Figure 42. Pulling the ESI probe mount out of the ESI ceramic mount
ESI ceramic mount
O-ring
ESI probe
mount
ESI ceramic
sleeve
O-ring
M3 × 8, cap head screws
Installing the ESI Capillary
The ESI capillary is presized for the probe, but its installation requires careful alignment.
 To install the ESI capillary
CAUTION Take care when handling the ESI capillary. It bends easily.
1. Using tweezers, insert the ESI capillary into the PEEK tube insert and graphite ferrule.
Adjust the graphite ferrule so that 2 mm of the PEEK tube insert is visible on the back
end of the assembly. See Figure 43.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Figure 43. Capillary, PEEK tube, and graphite ferrule assembly
2 mm
Graphite ferrule
Capillary
PEEK insert (9 mm)
2. While holding the ESI probe in the vertical position, use tweezers to insert the capillary,
PEEK tube insert, and graphite ferrule assembly into the ESI probe. See Figure 44.
Figure 44. View of ESI probe mount, showing the insertion of the capillary
PEEK sleeve insert
Graphite ferrule
ESI capillary
Internal bottom of
probe mount
3. Adjust the position of the ESI capillary:
a. Holding the ESI probe in the vertical position, carefully shake the PEEK tube insert
into the probe until it meets resistance. Tap the body of the ESI probe until it falls
past the obstruction at the end of the steel sleeve.
b. Using tweezers, push the capillary into the probe until it is flush with the PEEK
sleeve.
c. Visually check that the capillary is protruding from the tip of the probe. As Figure 45
shows, the capillary should protrude from the tip of the probe.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Figure 45. Capillary inserted into the ESI probe mount
Internal bottom of
ESI probe mount
ESI probe
mount
Capillary
4. Depending on whether the capillary protrudes from the tip of the probe, do one of the
following:
• If the capillary protrudes from the probe tip, go to step 5.
–or–
• If the capillary does not protrude from the tip of the probe, turn the probe
upside-down and gently shake the capillary assembly out of the probe. Adjust the
position of the graphite ferrule so that it is closer to the end of the PEEK insert, and
repeat step 2 and step 3 of this procedure. Continue to adjust the position of the
graphite ferrule until the capillary protrudes from the tip of the probe when you
insert the capillary assembly into the probe.
5. Screw the capillary retaining nut (adapter) into the ESI probe until finger tight, and
visually verify that the capillary protrudes from the probe tip.
Figure 46 shows the capillary protruding from the probe tip.
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Maintaining the ESI Probe
Figure 46. ESI probe with the capillary retaining nut screwed in finger tight
Capillary
retaining
nut
ESI probe mount
Capillary
protruding
from the ESI
probe tip
6. Using the probe clamp, tighten the capillary retaining nut by one-half turn. Do not
overtighten the nut. Overtightening the nut can cause solvent leakage, and it may collapse
the ESI capillary.
7. Finish reassembling the ESI probe:
a. Place the locking plate and probe clamp in position.
b. Insert the M3 × 10 cap head stainless steel screw (part number FM103046) and
tighten with the 2.5 mm Allen key.
c. The capillary must protrude from the probe tip. In addition to visually checking the
protrusion depth of the capillary, you can use the ESI spacer plate. The ESI spacer
plate is 0.64 mm thick. If you can see or feel the capillary protruding through the
hole in the center of the plate, the capillary protrudes from the probe tip by more
than 0.64 mm.
8. (Optional) Using the ESI spacer plate, confirm that the capillary protrudes from the tip
of the probe.
Figure 47 shows the ESI spacer being used to check the protrusion depth of the capillary.
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Maintaining the APCI Probe
Figure 47. ESI probe tip with the capillary protruding by 0.7 mm
Hole in middle
of spacer
0.64 mm ± 0.01 mm
depth of ESI spacer
0.7 mm
Installing the ESI Probe
Follow this procedure to install the ESI probe.
 To install the ESI probe into the mass detector
CAUTION Take care when inserting the ESI probe into the probe heater. The capillary
protruding from the end of the ceramic sleeve and the ceramic sleeve itself are easily
damaged. In addition, you can contaminate the capillary if you let it touch the inner
surface of the probe heater as you insert the probe into the probe heater.
1. If you have not already done so, turn the probe heater off.
2. Turn the locking plate of the probe clockwise to the open position, and then carefully
slide the ESI probe into the probe heater.
3. Turn the locking plate counterclockwise to the closed position to lock the probe in place.
See Figure 35 on page 58.
4. Connect the PEEK fingertight fitting to the ESI probe. See Figure 35.
Maintaining the APCI Probe
Flushing the probe on a regular basis helps to prevent contamination and blockage of the
capillary. But even with the best preventive maintenance, occasionally the capillary can
become blocked.
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Maintaining the APCI Probe
A significant increase in LC pump backpressure (that is, up to 300 psi at a flow rate of
1 mL/min added to the total LC system backpressure) or instability in the signal can be
symptomatic of a blocked or partially blocked capillary. Replace the capillary if it has become
blocked or partially blocked during operation. The APCI capillary (part number FM102594)
is pre-sized for the probe, but its installation requires careful alignment.
CAUTION Wait for the source block and probe heater assembly to cool before changing
ionization modes.
Follow these maintenance procedures to replace a capillary or clean the APCI probe:
• Removing the APCI Probe
• Removing the APCI Capillary
• Installing the APCI Capillary
• Installing the APCI Probe
Removing the APCI Probe
Follow these steps to remove the APCI probe from the probe heater.
 To remove the APCI probe from the probe heater
1. Ensure that the flow from the LC pump is turned off.
2. Turn off the nitrogen gas, the probe heater, and the ion optics by doing one of the
following:
• In the Status page in the Information view of the Xcalibur data system, right-click the
MSQ Plus listing, and choose Turn Device Off from the shortcut menu.
–or–
• Open the Per Method Parameters table in the Tune window. Take the system out of
Operate mode by clicking the Operate toggle button, and turn off the nitrogen gas
by clicking the Nitrogen Gas toggle button. See Figure 30 on page 42.
3. Wait for the source block and the probe heater to cool.
4. Unscrew and remove the PEEK fingertight fitting from the APCI probe. See Figure 48.
CAUTION Because it is fragile and can be damaged easily, exercise care when handling
the APCI capillary.
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Figure 48. MSQ Plus Mass Detector set up for the APCI mode
PEEK fingertight fitting
Locking plate
(in locked position)
Probe heater
5. Turn the locking plate clockwise to the open position and remove the APCI probe from
the probe heater. See Figure 49.
Figure 49. Remove the APCI probe from the probe heater
Locking plate
(in open position)
Probe heater
Removing the APCI Capillary
Follow these steps to remove the capillary from the APCI probe.
 To remove the capillary from the APCI probe
1. Using a 2.5 mm Allen key, unscrew the M3  10 cap head stainless steel screw (part
number FM103046) from the probe clamp. See Figure 50.
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Figure 50. View of partially disassembled APCI probe with capillary removed
APCI probe mount
Locking plate
PEEK tube
insert
APCI capillary tube
Graphite
ferrule
Capillary
retaining nut
Probe clamp
M3 × 10, cap head
stainless steel screws
2. Remove the probe clamp and the locking plate.
3. Using the probe clamp, unscrew the capillary retaining nut.
4. Carefully shake the graphite Vespel™ ferrule (part number 6070119), PEEK tube insert
(part number FM102591), and APCI probe capillary (part number FM102594) out of
the probe.
CAUTION Exercise care when handling the APCI capillary because it is fragile and
can be damaged easily.
5. Pull the APCI capillary out of the PEEK tube insert, and then do one of the following:
• If the capillary is partially blocked or blocked, dispose of it.
–or–
• If the capillary is reusable, clean its surface with [50:50] methanol/water.
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Installing the APCI Capillary
This procedure describes how to install the APCI capillary in the APCI probe.
 To install the APCI capillary in the APCI probe
1. Using tweezers, insert the APCI capillary into the PEEK tube insert and graphite Vespel
ferrule assembly.
2. Using tweezers, insert the APCI capillary, PEEK tube insert, and graphite ferrule
assembly into the probe. See Figure 51 and Figure 52.
Figure 51. Inserting the capillary, PEEK sleeve, and graphite ferrule into the APCI probe
PEEK sleeve insert
Graphite Vespel ferrule
Bottom of the probe mount
Figure 52. APCI capillary, PEEK sleeve, and graphite ferrule inserted into probe
PEEK sleeve
Graphite Vespel ferrule
Capillary
3. Adjust the position of the APCI capillary:
a. Holding the APCI probe in the vertical position, carefully shake the PEEK tube
insert into the probe until it meets resistance. Tap the probe assembly.
b. Using tweezers, push the capillary into the probe until it is flush with the PEEK
sleeve.
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c. Visually verify that the capillary is protruding from the tip of the probe.
4. Depending on whether the capillary protrudes from the tip of the probe, do one of the
following:
• If the capillary protrudes from the probe tip, go to step 5.
–or–
• If the capillary does not protrude from the tip of the probe, turn the probe
upside-down and gently shake the capillary assembly out of the probe. Adjust the
position of the graphite ferrule so that it is closer to the end of the PEEK insert, and
repeat step 2 and step 3 of this procedure. Continue to adjust the position of the
graphite ferrule until the capillary protrudes from the tip of the probe when you
insert the capillary assembly into the probe.
5. Screw the capillary retaining nut (adapter) into the probe until fingertight and recheck
that the capillary protrudes from the tip of the probe. See Figure 53.
Figure 53. APCI probe with the capillary retaining nut screwed in finger tight
Capillary
retaining nut
6. Using the probe clamp, tighten the capillary retaining nut by one-half turn. Do not
overtighten the screw.
7. Finish reassembling the probe:
a. Place the locking plate and probe clamp in position.
b. Insert the M3  10 cap head stainless steel screw (part number FM103046) and
tighten with the 2.5 mm Allen key.
Typically, a visual confirmation that the capillary protrudes from the probe tip is
sufficient, but you can also use the APCI spacer plate provided in the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector tool kit to check the capillary protrusion depth.
8. (Optional) Align the hole in the center of the APCI spacer plate over the tip of the probe
and check that you can feel the capillary protruding through the spacer.
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The APCI spacer is 0.41 mm thick. If you can feel the capillary protruding through the
hole in the center of the space plate, the capillary protrudes from the APCI probe tip by
more than 0.41 mm. See Figure 54.
Figure 54. Enlarged view of the tip of the APCI probe
0.41 mm
depth of APCI spacer
10 mm
0.5 mm
Installing the APCI Probe
Follow these steps to insert the APCI probe into the probe heater.
 To install the APCI probe into the probe heater
CAUTION Take care when inserting the APCI probe into the probe heater. The capillary
protruding from the end of the probe is fragile and easily damaged. In addition, you can
contaminate the capillary if you let it touch the inner surface of the probe heater as you
insert the probe into the probe heater.
1. Turn the locking plate of the probe clockwise to the open position, and then carefully
slide the APCI probe into the probe heater. See Figure 49 on page 69.
2. Turn the locking plate counterclockwise to the closed position to lock the probe in place.
See Figure 48 on page 69.
3. Connect the PEEK fingertight fitting to the APCI probe. See Figure 48.
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Maintaining the Probe Heater
If you use the instrument primarily in the ESI mode, you can clean the probe heater less
frequently.
Occasionally, tension or sharp edges on the probe latching plate can cause breakage of the
PEEK mounting pins. Use the parts supplied in the Probe Heater Repair Kit (part number
60111-62010) to repair the probe. Filing down the edges of the latching plate might
compromise the ability of the plate to lock the probe down, so Thermo Fisher Scientific
recommends that you avoid filing these edges unless pin breakage becomes a common
problem.
To clean or repair the probe heater, follow these procedures:
• Removing the Probe Heater
• Cleaning the Probe Heater or Replacing the Detent Screw Insulator
• Installing the Probe Heater
Removing the Probe Heater
Follow these instructions to remove the probe heater from the probe mount.
 To remove the probe heater from the probe mount
1. Remove the ESI or APCI probe. See “Removing the ESI Probe” on page 57 or
“Removing the APCI Probe” on page 68.
CAUTION Wait for the probe heater to cool before you remove it.
2. Rotate the black knobs of the probe heater outwards 90 degrees, so that they face away
from each other. See Figure 55 and Figure 56.
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Figure 55. Probe heater and its connections to the front panel of the mass detector
Green
thermocouple connector
Grounding
cable
White power
connector
Probe mount
Probe heater knobs in
locked position
Figure 56. Probe heater knobs in the removal position
Probe heater knobs in
removal position
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The black knobs are connected to locking cams. When the black knobs are facing away
from each other, the cams are in the unlocked position and you can pull the probe heater
out of the probe mount.
3. Pull the probe heater out of the probe mount, and then disconnect the green connector
and the white connector from the mass detector. Be careful not to lose the O-rings. See
Figure 57.
Figure 57. Power connector and thermocouple connector
Green thermocouple
connector
White power connector
The green connector connects the probe heater to the temperature sensor. The white
connector connects the probe heater to its power source.
4. Store the probe heater in the holder to the left of the source compartment until you are
ready to clean it. See Figure 58.
The probe heater is attached to the mass detector by the grounding strap, but it is not
necessary to remove the grounding strap during the cleaning procedure. See Figure 58.
Figure 58. Probe heater with the operator detaching the grounding strap
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Note The 18-gauge wires in the probe heater may darken with time.
Cleaning the Probe Heater
Be sure to clean the probe heater periodically.
 To clean the probe heater
Clean the inside of the heater tube with a cotton swab soaked in [50:50] methanol/water. See
Figure 61 on page 79.
Replacing the Detent Screw Insulator
Use the parts supplied in the Probe Heater Repair Kit (part number 60111-62010) to repair
the probe heater. See Figure 89 on page 124.
 To replace a broken detent screw insulator
1. Disassemble the detent screw assembly:
a. Using a flat-blade screwdriver, loosen and remove the spring screw.
Figure 59. Slot in the top of the spring screw
Spring screw
Spring cup
Probe screw
sleeve
b. Remove the spring from the spring cup and set the spring aside.
Because the spring is reusable, it is not provided in the repair kit.
c. Pull the probe screw sleeve off the detent screw insulator.
d. Pull the detent screw insulator out the underside of the probe heater body. See
Figure 60.
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Figure 60. Partially disassembled probe heater
Spring screw
Spring
Spring cup
Probe screw sleeve
Detent screw insulator
2. Using the parts supplied in the repair kit, rebuild the assembly:
a. Insert a new detent screw insulator into the underside of the probe heater body.
b. Slide the probe screw sleeve over the top of the detent screw insulator.
c. Insert the spring that you removed from the broken assembly into the spring cup.
d. Align the bottom of the spring cup with the probe screw sleeve.
e. Insert the spring screw into the spring cup and tighten the assembly with a flat-blade
screwdriver.
Installing the Probe Heater
This section describes how to install the probe heater.
 To install the probe heater
1. If you removed the O-ring from the underside of the probe heater base, reinstall it. See
Figure 61.
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Figure 61. View of O-ring installed in the underside of the probe heater base
Heater tube
O-ring, BS018
18.77 mm ID × 1.78 mm THK
2. If you disconnected the grounding strap from the probe heater, reconnect it to the probe
heater. See Figure 58 on page 76.
CAUTION Make sure that the grounding strap is connected to the probe heater before
you insert the probe heater into the probe mount.
3. Rotate the black knobs of the probe heater, so that they face away from each other. See
Figure 56 on page 75.
4. Insert the tube portion of the probe heater into the probe mount.
5. Rotate the black knobs of the probe heater forward to their locking position. See
Figure 55 on page 75.
6. Plug the green connector and the white connector into their respective receptacles located
above the probe mount. See Figure 55.
Maintaining the Source Block Assembly
The entrance cone is the only component of the source block assembly that requires frequent
cleaning. The cone wash nozzle rarely requires cleaning because it is used to spray the entrance
cone with cleaning solvent.
Note When it is not in use, ensure that the cone wash nozzle faces away from the entrance
cone. See Figure 62 on page 82.
You do not need to disassemble the source block assembly to clean the entrance cone and the
cone wash nozzle. To clean the RF/dc prefilter, the extraction cone, or the source block itself,
you must remove the source block assembly from the mass detector and disassemble it.
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To clean any or all of the components of the source block assembly, follow these procedures:
• Preparing the LC/MS System for Maintenance
• Clearing Access to the Source Block Assembly
• Removing the Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle
• Cleaning the Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle
• Removing the Source Block Assembly
• Cleaning the RF/dc Prefilter
• Cleaning the Extraction Cone and the Source Block
• Repairing the Entrance Cone
• Assembling the Source Block Assembly
• Installing the Source Block Assembly
CAUTION Wait for the source block and probe heater assembly to cool before carrying out
any maintenance.
Preparing the LC/MS System for Maintenance
The first step in maintaining the source block assembly is to prepare the LC/MS system for
maintenance.
 To prepare your LC/MS system for maintenance
1. Turn off the flow from the LC pump.
2. If the cone wash is in use, turn it off.
3. Turn off the nitrogen gas, the ion optics, and the probe heater by doing one of the
following:
• In the Per Method Parameters table of the Tune window, click the Nitrogen Gas
On/Off toggle button to Off.
–or–
• Open the Status page of the Information view in the Xcalibur data system.
Right-click the MSQ Plus listing to open a shortcut menu, and choose Turn Device
Off from the shortcut menu.
4. If the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is under vacuum, vent it. Right-click the Server icon and
choose Vent from the shortcut menu.
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Venting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector turns off the turbomolecular pump. It does not
turn off the Edwards forepump.
5. Wait two or more minutes before proceeding so that the system has time to vent.
CAUTION It takes approximately two minutes for the vacuum rotor to decelerate after
you choose Vent. To avoid damaging the vacuum pump, allow time for this
deceleration process before you turn off the power to the vacuum pump.
6. Turn off the Edwards forepump by doing one of the following:
• Turn off the power to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector by placing its MAINS ON/OFF
switch to the Off position.
–or–
• Flip the power switch on the Edwards forepump to the Off position.
CAUTION Wait for the source block and probe heater to cool before performing any
maintenance.
Clearing Access to the Source Block Assembly
It is important to clear access to the source block assembly to prevent damage to its parts.
 To clear access to the source block assembly
1. To open the front door of the mass detector, depress the door latch on the left side of the
detector as you pull the door forward.
2. Remove the API probe from the probe heater:
a. Remove the PEEK fingertight fitting from the probe.
b. Turn the locking plate clockwise to the open position, and then carefully pull the API
probe out of the probe heater.
CAUTION Exercise care when handling the API probe. The ceramic sleeve of the ESI
probe and the capillaries of both probes are fragile and can be damaged easily.
3. Rotate the black knobs of the probe heater so that they face away from each other, and
then pull the probe heater out of the source mount. See Figure 56 on page 75.
4. Store the probe heater in the holder to the left of the source compartment.
5. If your MSQ Plus Mass Detector is set up in the APCI mode, rotate the corona pin knob
downward to its vertical position.
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Removing the Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle
Follow these steps to remove the entrance cone and the cone wash nozzle.
 To remove the entrance cone and the cone wash nozzle
1. If you have not already done so, vent the mass detector, as described in “Preparing the
LC/MS System for Maintenance” on page 80, and clear the access to the source block, as
described in “Clearing Access to the Source Block Assembly” on page 81.
CAUTION The corona needle is very sharp. Do not attempt to remove the entrance
cone or the cone wash nozzle before you turn the corona pin knob to its vertical
position. See Figure 62.
Figure 62. View of the front side of the source block with the cone wash nozzle turned away
from the entrance cone
Corona pin knob
Entrance cone
Cone wash nozzle
2. Being careful to handle the cone wash nozzle by its base, rotate the cone wash nozzle away
from the entrance cone. See Figure 62.
CAUTION The tip of the cone wash nozzle is very fragile, so take care to handle the
cone wash nozzle by its base. See Figure 66 on page 85.
3. Place a lint-free cloth over the drainage holes in the bottom of the source enclosure.
Tip It is easy to drop small objects such as the entrance cone and the cone wash nozzle
into the drain at the bottom of the source enclosure. Temporarily blocking the
drainage holes in the bottom of the source enclosure prevents small objects from
falling into the drainage tubing.
4. Turn the entrance cone clockwise and pull forward to remove it.
Note The entrance cone assembly is reverse-threaded. Therefore, to remove it, turn it
clockwise. To install it, turn it counterclockwise.
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CAUTION Take care when handling the entrance cone. Always store the entrance
cone with its cone facing upwards, as shown in Figure 63.
Figure 63. Entrance cone with cone facing upwards
Cone facing upwards
5. Taking care to handle it by its base, carefully remove the cone wash nozzle from the source
block.
CAUTION Because its tip is fragile, take care when handling the cone wash nozzle.
6. Proceed to one of the following:
• For instructions on cleaning the entrance cone, go to the next procedure, “Removing
the Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle.”
• For instructions on cleaning the internal components of the source block assembly,
go to “Removing the Source Block Assembly” on page 86.
Cleaning the Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle
The cone wash nozzle requires cleaning only if it becomes blocked.
 To clean the entrance cone and the cone wash nozzle
1. Use a 2.5 mm flat blade screwdriver to remove the O-ring on the back of the entrance
cone. Figure 64 shows the location of the O-ring. For O-ring part numbers, see Figure 84
on page 115.
Figure 64. Back of the entrance cone, showing its O-ring (BS010)
O-ring, BS010
6.07 mm ID × 1.78 mm THK
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2. Sonicate the entrance cone in 100% methanol. If methanol does not remove the
contamination, sonicate the cone in a 10% v/v aqueous solution of formic acid, rinse
with distilled water, and then rinse with 100% methanol.
3. Using a microscope set to 30x magnification, inspect the inside of the cone to ensure
cleanliness. Also inspect the outside of the cone to verify that the opening is circular and
has a sharp edge. See “Repairing the Entrance Cone” on page 91 for information on
temporarily repairing the cone. See Figure 65.
Figure 65. View of the inside back of the entrance cone
Orifice in the center of the entrance cone
CAUTION Because solvent and acid can damage them, do not sonicate O-rings.
CAUTION Take care when handling the cone wash nozzle. Its tip is extremely fragile.
4. If the cone wash nozzle requires cleaning, remove its O-ring, and then sonicate the nozzle
in 100% methanol. If methanol does not remove the contamination, sonicate the nozzle
in a 10% v/v aqueous solution of formic acid, rinse with distilled water, and then rinse
with 100% methanol.
Figure 66 shows the cone wash nozzle.
For O-ring part numbers, see Figure 84 on page 115.
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Figure 66. Cone wash nozzle assembly (part number FM102521)
Fragile tip
O-ring, BS007, 3.68 mm ID × 1.78 mm THK
(part number FM101464)
5. If you removed the O-rings for the entrance cone and the cone wash nozzle, reinstall the
O-rings.
This O-ring is difficult to remove and put back. Lubricating the O-ring with methanol
might help. It is usually not necessary to remove the O-rings when you sonicate the metal
parts.
Tip Wetting an O-ring with 100% methanol makes it easier to install.
6. Depending on whether the internal components of the source block need cleaning, do
one of the following. To determine whether these components need cleaning, look for
evidence of ion burn or sample deposit behind the entrance cone.
• If the internal components of the source block assembly do not need cleaning, go to
step 7.
–or–
• If the internal components of the source block assembly need cleaning, go to the next
procedure, “Removing the Source Block Assembly.”
7. Holding the cone wash nozzle by its base, insert it into the source block, and then turn
the nozzle to the right. See Figure 62 on page 82.
8. Insert the entrance cone into the source block, and then turn the entrance cone
counterclockwise until it locks in place. See Figure 62.
9. Remove the lint-free cloth from the bottom of the source enclosure.
10. Take the probe heater out of its holder. Ensure that the knobs of the probe heater are
facing away from each other, and then insert the probe heater into the probe mount. See
Figure 56 on page 75.
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11. Lock the probe heater in place by turning its black knobs forward 90 degrees. See
Figure 55 on page 75.
12. Reinsert the API probe into the probe heater and reattach the PEEK fingertight fitting to
the probe. See Figure 35 on page 58.
Removing the Source Block Assembly
You must clean the entire source block assembly on a regular basis if you inject complex
sample matrices or use highly buffered mobile phases. To clean the source block assembly, you
must remove it from the instrument and disassemble it.
 To remove the source block assembly from the mass detector
CAUTION Wait for the source block and probe heater assembly to cool before carrying out
any maintenance.
1. If you have not already done so, do the following:
• Prepare your LC/MS system for maintenance, as described in “Preparing the LC/MS
System for Maintenance” on page 80.
• Remove the probe and the probe heater, as described in “Clearing Access to the
Source Block Assembly” on page 81.
• Remove the entrance cone and the cone wash nozzle, as described in “Removing the
Entrance Cone and the Cone Wash Nozzle” on page 82.
2. Loosen the thumbscrews on the source block and pull the source block assembly out of
the mass detector. See Figure 67.
Figure 67. Source block assembly being removed from the mass detector
Thumbscrews
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Cleaning the RF/dc Prefilter
See Table 4 to determine the frequency at which you need to clean the RF/dc prefilter.
Table 4. Cleaning schedule for RF/dc prefilter
Sample/Solvent Type
Cleaning Frequency
Pure samples and solvents
6 months
Standard samples
3 to 6 months
Complex matrices (for example, crude
plasma and urine)
1 to 4 weeks with operation of cone wash
Non-volatile buffer
Weekly with operation of cone wash
 To clean the RF/dc prefilter
IMPORTANT You must wear non-powdered gloves to handle the quadrupole.
1. Support the quadrupole as you unscrew the hexapole screws at the base of the
RF/dc prefilter to disconnect it from the source block. Tools are not required to remove
the quadrupole. See Figure 68.
Figure 68. Source block assembly with the three screws connecting the RF/dc prefilter to the
source block
Three hexapole
screws
2. Carefully slide the RF/dc prefilter into a 500 mL graduated glass cylinder containing
100% methanol. See Figure 69.
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Figure 69. Cleaning the RF/dc prefilter
3. Sonicate the cylinder for 15 minutes.
4. Carefully remove the RF/dc prefilter from the graduated cylinder. Then dry the prefilter
with a gentle stream of nitrogen gas.
5. Reassemble the source block assembly and reinstall it into the mass detector. Pay careful
attention to the orientation of the Teflon™ insulator, which has an indent on one side that
should face up when assembling the transfer lens. Improper placement of this insulator
interrupts the delivery of voltage to the entrance cone, leading to charging of the source
block and a decrease in sensitivity.
6. Pump down the system and determine if the RF/dc prefilter is still dirty.
To make this determination, increase the voltage on the lens to see if beam intensity
improves. If the prefilter is dirty, the default voltages result in lower-than-expected
sensitivity, especially for ions below 200 m/z.
Note Typically, sonicating the RF/dc prefilter in methanol is adequate to remove
contamination. However, contamination from some compounds and some sample
matrices can be more difficult to remove. If your RF/dc prefilter is still dirty after
sonicating it in methanol, deep-clean it, as described in the following procedure.
7. If the RF/dc prefilter is still dirty, perform a deep cleaning as described in the following
procedure.
 To perform a deep cleaning of the RF/dc prefilter
1. Immerse the RF/dc prefilter in a graduated cylinder containing 100% distilled water.
Sonicate for 15 minutes.
2. Decant the water and fill the graduated cylinder with 100% methanol. Sonicate for
15 minutes.
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3. Decant the methanol and fill the graduated cylinder with 100% acetone. Sonicate for
15 minutes.
4. Carefully remove the RF/dc prefilter from the cylinder. Rinse the RF/dc prefilter with
methanol.
5. Dry the prefilter with a gentle stream of nitrogen gas.
6. If the differential aperture plate is contaminated with ion burn, clean it:
a. Unscrew the three screws that connect the differential aperture plate to the
quadrupole. See Figure 70.
Figure 70. View of differential aperture plate
Differential aperture plate
b. Wipe the inside of the differential aperture plate with a cotton swab soaked in
[50:50] methanol/water.
c. Reconnect the differential aperture plate to the quadrupole.
d. Examine the screws of the differential aperture plate to ensure that they are burr-free
and flush or below the plane of the aperture plate.
If you do not need to clean the remaining components of the source block assembly, proceed
to “Assembling the Source Block Assembly” on page 92.
Cleaning the Extraction Cone and the Source Block
If you use buffered mobile phases or inject samples with complex matrices or both, you might
need to clean the source block and the extraction cone on a weekly basis.
CAUTION Wait for the source block and probe heater assembly to cool before carrying out
any maintenance.
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 To clean the extraction cone and the source block
1. Disassemble the remaining components of the source block assembly:
a. Remove the hexapole screw insulator, extraction cone, and extraction cone insulator.
See Figure 71.
Note Check the source block screws to ensure that they are tight, but do not
remove them.
Figure 71. Exploded view of the source block and its components
O-ring,
9 mm ID × 3 mm THK
Extraction cone insulator
(part number FM102264)
Extraction cone
with the cone facing the source block
Indent should be
visible on the facing
surface of FM102264
O-ring
BS207
O-ring
BS225
Hexapole screw
insulator
CAUTION When the extraction cone is not installed in the source block, store it
with its cone side facing upwards.
b. Remove the three O-rings:
• Top-left O-ring, 9.12 mm ID  3.53 mm THK, Viton™ black (part number
00107-01-00047). This O-ring seals the exit cone wash.
• Bottom-left O-ring, BS207, Viton black (part number FM101417)
• Right O-ring, BS225, Viton black (part number FM103048)
CAUTION Because solvent and acid can damage the O-rings, do not sonicate them.
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Maintaining the Source Block Assembly
2. To clean the source block, sequentially sonicate it in the following solvents:
a. 1% v/v solution of formic acid/distilled water
b. 100% distilled water
c. 100% methanol
3. Clean the extraction cone as follows:
a. Place the extraction cone, with the cone side facing upwards, into a beaker.
CAUTION Exercise great care when handling the extraction cone. Use tweezers to
handle the extraction cone and ensure that the cone side faces upwards when you
place the extraction cone on a solid surface.
b. Fill the beaker with 10% v/v solution of formic acid, and then sonicate for
approximately 15 minutes.
c. Decant the formic acid, fill the beaker with methanol, and then sonicate again for
approximately 15 minutes.
d. Examine the entrance cone under magnification to be certain that the entrance is
circular with sharp edges. If the entrance cone is damaged, you might be able to
repair the damage, using the technique in “Repairing the Entrance Cone.”
Repairing the Entrance Cone
You can temporarily repair the MSQ Plus Mass Detector entrance cone (part number
60111-60049) pending replacement of the entrance cone.
 To temporarily repair the entrance cone
1. Remove the entrance cone and clean according to standard procedures: sonicate in water
and then methanol, and blow dry with compressed air or nitrogen.
2. Using a microscope set to 30x magnification, examine the cone.
The tip must be circular with a sharp edge. The inner diameter specification is 300 ± 10
M.
3. If the cone has been damaged and is no longer circular, you can use the corona pin needle
(part number 70005-98033) by gently inserting the needle from the back of the cone
until it makes contact. Slowly roll the needle back and forth, applying light pressure.
Re-examine the cone under magnification.
The steel pin should be able to recircularize the titanium cone, but it might leave a ragged
and somewhat larger opening. You can polish the ragged edge of the cone to a sharp
circular rim by using 12 M grit sandpaper or similar abrasive.
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Maintaining the Source Block Assembly
4. Clean the repaired entrance cone and attach it to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector system.
The cone inner diameter is likely to be somewhat larger than the specification.
5. Test the cone for sensitivity, using erythromycin or another test compound with known
performance specifications.
Assembling the Source Block Assembly
After you clean and dry the components of the source block assembly, reassemble it.
 To reassemble the source block assembly
1. Install the three O-rings (see Figure 71 on page 90):
• Top left O-ring, 9.12 mm ID  3.53 mm THK, Viton black (part number
00107-01-00047)
• Bottom left O-ring, BS207, Viton black (part number FM101417)
• Right O-ring, BS225, Viton black (part number FM103048)
2. Install the extraction cone insulator (part number FM102264).
3. Verify proper orientation by checking for the indent on the facing surface.
4. Install the extraction cone (part number FM102263) with the cone facing the source
block.
5. Install the hexapole screw insulator (part number FM102248). Be certain that this part is
free from contamination, particularly from metal filings that might result from the action
of the hexapole screws on the source block. See Figure 71 on page 90.
6. Ensure that the semicircular cutouts in these three components line up, as shown in
Figure 72.
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Maintaining the Source Block Assembly
Figure 72. Source block with the proper alignment of the extraction cone insulator, extraction
cone, and hexapole insulator
Properly aligned components
7. Align the three spring screws at the base of the RF/dc prefilter to the three holes on the
back of the source block. Support the quadrupole as you alternately screw the three spring
screws at the base of the RF/dc prefilter into the source block. It might help to remove the
thumbscrews from the source block, allowing the block to sit upright on a flat surface. See
Figure 68 on page 87.
Installing the Source Block Assembly
You must reinstall the source block assembly before you prepare the system for operation.
CAUTION The corona pin is very sharp. Do not attempt to install the entrance cone or the
cone wash nozzle before you turn the corona pin knob to its vertical position. See
Figure 73.
Figure 73. Cone wash nozzle turned to the right in the source block
Corona pin knob
Cone wash nozzle
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Maintaining the Source Block Assembly
 To install the source block assembly into the mass detector
1. Insert the source block assembly (part number 60111-60051) into the source block
enclosure, and tighten the thumbscrews on the source block.
The source block is self-aligning when the thumbscrews are fully secure. Finger-tighten
only. See Figure 67 on page 86.
CAUTION The tip of the cone wash nozzle is very fragile.
2. Handling the cone wash nozzle by its base because the tip is fragile, insert the cone wash
nozzle (part number FM102521) into the source block, and carefully rotate the nozzle tip
to the right. Lubricating the O-ring with a little methanol helps the insertion process. See
Figure 73.
3. Remove the lint-free cloth from the bottom of the source enclosure.
4. Insert the entrance cone into the source block, and turn it counterclockwise.
Note The entrance cone assembly is reverse-threaded. Therefore, to remove it, turn it
clockwise. To install it, turn it counterclockwise.
5. Install the probe heater:
a. Remove the probe heater from its holder, and rotate the black knobs of the probe
heater so that they face away from each other. See Figure 56 on page 75.
b. Insert the tube portion of the probe heater into the probe mount. Be certain that the
two small O-rings are still in place on the probe mount.
c. Rotate the black knobs of the probe heater forward to their locking position. See
Figure 55 on page 75.
6. Install the API probe:
a. Turn the locking plate clockwise to the open position, and carefully insert the
ESI probe (part number FM102595) (see Figure 36 on page 58) or the APCI probe
(part number FM102587) (see Figure 49 on page 69) into the probe heater.
CAUTION Take care not to damage the tip of the API probe capillary. If you are
installing the ESI probe, take care not to damage its ceramic sleeve.
b. Turn the locking plate counterclockwise into the closed position.
c. Screw the PEEK fingertight fitting into the ESI probe assembly (part number
FM102595) or APCI probe assembly (part number FM102587).
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Routine and Preventive Maintenance
Maintaining the Forepump
7. Pump down the mass detector:
, in the system tray portion of the
a. Right-click the Server icon,
Windows taskbar to open the shortcut menu.
The Server icon is red because the system is vented.
b. Choose Pump from the shortcut menu.
c. Wait for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector to reach high vacuum.
The server light will change from flashing amber to solid amber. Reaching high
vacuum takes approximately 10 minutes.
Maintaining the Forepump
The vacuum system consists of two types of vacuum pumps, a turbomolecular pump and a
forepump. The turbomolecular pump is housed within the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and
requires a trained service engineer for servicing. The forepump (also referred to as a backing
pump, a rotary pump, or a roughing pump) is external to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and
requires routine maintenance for optimal performance.
Note You can find more information on operating and maintaining the rotary pump in
the manual that is shipped with the pump.
Check both the level and the color of the oil in the forepump at least once a month.
Check the oil by looking through the oil sight level window of the forepump. See Figure 74.
The oil level should be between the upper and lower marks positioned next to the window.
The oil color should be a clear straw color.
Figure 74. View of Edwards forepump that shows the oil sight level window
EDWARDS
Oil sight level
window
E32M30
• If the oil level is near or below the lower mark, add more oil, as described in the manual
that comes with the Edwards forepump.
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Maintaining the Turbomolecular Pump
• If the oil has turned red in color or if the pump has been in operation for more than
3000 hours since the oil was replaced, replace the oil, as described in the manual that
comes with the Edwards forepump.
Purge the oil on a regular basis, as described in “Draining the Oil Mist Filter and Purging the
Pump Oil” on page 48.
Maintaining the Turbomolecular Pump
A turbomolecular pump creates the vacuum for the mass detector. The lubricant reservoir of
this pump may occasionally need to be replaced to keep the pump operating optimally.
Removing the Turbomolecular Pump Lubricant Reservoir
Follow the steps in this section to remove the existing lubricant reservoir before replacing it.
Figure 75 shows the parts and tools involved in replacing the lubricant reservoir of the
turbomolecular pump.
Figure 75. Parts needed to replace the lubricant reservoir of the turbomolecular pump1
 To remove the turbomolecular pump lubricant reservoir
CAUTION Always wear protective gloves. Contaminants in the oil are extremely
hazardous.
1. Leave the system pumping for at least a half an hour before starting the removal
procedure.
1
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Image of the turbomolecular pump from the Compact Turbo™ TurboDrag Pump TMH/TMU 261 Manual PM
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Routine and Preventive Maintenance
Maintaining the Turbomolecular Pump
2. Vent the mass detector.
3. Using a No. 1 point Pozidriv™ screwdriver, remove the pump-access plate-securing screws.
4. Remove the access plate.
5. Using the supplied locking cap removal tool, shown in Figure 76, unscrew the locking cap
by turning the tool and cap counterclockwise.
Figure 76. Removing the locking cap2
6. Remove the cap, including the O-ring, and wipe with a clean, lint-free cloth. Place in a
secure location.
7. Using a small flat-blade screwdriver or tweezers, gently pry out the lubricant reservoir,
including the O-ring, as shown in Figure 77.
2
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Image of the turbomolecular pump from the Compact Turbo™ TurboDrag Pump TMH/TMU 261 Manual PM
0470 BE/O (0709) by Pfeiffer Vacuum.
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Maintaining the Turbomolecular Pump
Figure 77. Removing the lubricant reservoir3
8. Lift the reservoir and dispose of it safely.
9. Using a clean, lint-free cloth, remove any dirt from the opening.
Replacing the Turbomolecular Pump Lubricant Reservoir
This procedure explains how to replace the lubricant reservoir of the turbomolecular pump.
 To replace the turbomolecular pump lubricant reservoir
1. Insert the new reservoir (part number 00950-0116), into the opening.
2. Replace the O-ring and cap. Use a new O-ring, if necessary.
3. Tighten the cap, using the supplied locking cap removal tool, turning it clockwise. Do
not over-tighten the cap.
4. Replace the access plate:
a. Insert the left-hand side lug first.
b. Ensure that the PEEK tubing is located in the appropriate grooves.
c. Insert the bottom lug,.
d. Insert the right-hand side lug.
3
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Image of the turbomolecular pump from the Compact Turbo™ TurboDrag Pump TMH/TMU 261 Manual PM
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System Shutdown
When you are not performing analyses, you can temporarily turn off the nitrogen gas or set
the MSQ Plus Mass Detector to the Off mode. Turning off the nitrogen gas between
intermittent analyses conserves the nitrogen supply. Placing the system in the Off mode
conserves the laboratory nitrogen supply and increases the life of the ion detection system.
Some of the maintenance procedures contained in Chapter 5, “Routine and Preventive
Maintenance,” require that the system be completely shut down. To shut down the system,
you must turn the vacuum system off.
Restarting the system after a complete shutdown requires building up the vacuum to a
working level. If you are restarting the system after moving it to a new location, Thermo
Fisher Scientific recommends that you perform a full-system autotune.
Contents
• Shutting Down the System in an Emergency
• Turning Off the Nitrogen Gas
• Placing the System in the Off Mode
• Shutting the System Down for Non-Routine Maintenance
• Restarting the System Following a Complete Shutdown
• Resetting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
Shutting Down the System in an Emergency
If you need to turn off the mass detector in an emergency, place the main power circuit
breaker switch in the Off (O) position, as shown in Figure 78. The main power switch, which
is labeled MAINS ON/OFF, is located on the back panel of the mass detector in the
lower-right quadrant. Turning the main power switch to the Off position turns off all power
to the mass detector, including the forepump. Although removing power abruptly does not
harm any component within the system, it is not the recommended shutdown procedure to
follow. See “Shutting the System Down for Non-Routine Maintenance” on page 104 for the
recommended procedure.
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System Shutdown
Turning Off the Nitrogen Gas
To turn off your LC devices and your data system computer in an emergency, use their
ON/OFF switches.
Figure 78. MAINS ON/OFF circuit breaker switch
I
MAINS ON/OFF
Power switch in OFF position
O
PUMP OUT
Power supply for forepump
MAINS IN
Connection to line power
Turning Off the Nitrogen Gas
If you are performing intermittent analyses throughout the day and you want to conserve
nitrogen, you can turn off the nitrogen gas between analyses.
 To turn off the nitrogen gas
1. If you are using the optional cone wash pump, turn it off by turning the external cone
wash pump switch to the Off position.
2. Turn off the flow from your LC pump:
a. If your LC pump is controlled from the Xcalibur data system, turn it off from its
respective Direct Control dialog box or place it in the Standby mode from the Status
page of the Information view of the Xcalibur data system.
b. If your LC pump is not controlled from the Xcalibur data system, turn it off from its
keypad control panel.
3. If the Tune window is not open, open it:
a. Double-click the Tune icon,
, on the Windows desktop.
The Server icon now appears in the System tray (to the left of the clock) of the
Windows taskbar.
b. Double-click the Server icon to open the Tune window.
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Placing the System in the Off Mode
4. If the Per Method Parameters table is not open, open it by clicking the Expand icon on
the right side of the Tune window.
5. Turn off the nitrogen gas by clicking the Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button in the
General Control group of the Per Method Parameters table.
The On/Off button turns from green to gray and the text to the left of the button
changes from On to Off. Within a few seconds, you hear the nitrogen supply to the API
source shut off. In the Nitrogen Gas Off mode, the system maintains a bleed of nitrogen
gas to the probe to prevent gases from back-streaming from the waste solvent bottle.
Placing the System in the Off Mode
Place the MSQ Plus Mass Detector in the Off mode if you are not going to use it for a short
period of time, such as overnight or over weekends. In the Off mode, the system is left under
vacuum, but the nitrogen flow is reduced to a bleed through the API probe. The electron
multiplier and conversion dynode are turned off, the power to the ion optics is turned off, and
the probe heater is turned off.
Therefore, placing the instrument in the Off mode allows you to conserve your laboratory
nitrogen supply and increase the lifespan of the electron multiplier. In addition, you can
restart and operate a MSQ Plus Mass Detector that has been left in the Off mode without
waiting for the vacuum system to pump down to a working level.
Note
1. Leave the MSQ Plus Mass Detector under vacuum when you are switching the API
probes. Do not vent the instrument unless you are performing a maintenance
procedure that requires you to break the integrity of the vacuum.
2. Before you place the MSQ Plus Mass Detector in the Off mode, turn off the flow
from the LC pump and the flow from the optional cone wash pump.
Turn the mass detector off from the Status view in the Xcalibur data system or from the Tune
window.
Turning Off the Mass Detector from the Xcalibur Data System
One way to turn off the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is to use the Status page of the Information
view of the Xcalibur data system.
 To turn off the MSQ Plus Mass Detector from the Xcalibur Status page
1. If you are using the optional cone wash pump, turn it off by turning its power switch to
the Off position.
2. If the Xcalibur data system is not open, open it by double-clicking the Xcalibur icon,
, on the Windows desktop.
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Placing the System in the Off Mode
3. If the Information view is not displayed, choose View > Info View to display it. Then
click the Status tab to open the Status page.
4. To turn off the flow from the LC pump, do one of the following:
• If your LC pump is controlled from the Xcalibur data system, right-click the pump
listing on the Status page and choose Turn Device Into Standby from the shortcut
menu shown in Figure 79.
–or–
• If your LC pump is not controlled from the Xcalibur data system, turn it off from its
control keypad.
Figure 79. Status of the Accela MS pump and its shortcut menu shown on the Status page of
the Information view
Turning off the
pump flow
5. Right-click the MSQ Plus listing on the Status page, and choose Turn Device Off from
the shortcut menu to place the mass detector in the Off mode, as shown in Figure 80.
The status LED on the front of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector turns yellow.
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Placing the System in the Off Mode
Figure 80. Shortcut menu for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector on the Status page of the
Information view
Turning off
the mass detector
Turning Off the Mass Detector from the Tune Window
Another way to turn off the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is to use the Tune window.
 To turn off the MSQ Plus Mass Detector from the Tune window
1. If you are using the optional cone wash pump, turn it off by turning its power switch to
the Off position.
2. Turn off the flow from the LC pump:
• If your LC pump is controlled from the Xcalibur data system, turn it off from its
respective Direct Control dialog box, or place it in the Standby mode from the Status
page of the Information view.
–or–
• If your LC pump is not controlled from the Xcalibur data system, turn it off from its
keypad control panel.
3. If the Tune window is not open, open it:
a. Double-click the Tune icon,
, on the Windows desktop.
The Server icon appears in the Windows taskbar.
b. Double-click the Server icon to open the Tune window.
4. If the Per Method Parameters table is not open, open it by clicking the Expand icon on
the right side of the Tune window.
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Shutting the System Down for Non-Routine Maintenance
5. Turn off the power to the ion optics by clicking the Operate On/Off toggle button.
The On/Off button turns from green to gray and the text to the left of the button
changes from On to Off.
6. Turn off the nitrogen gas by clicking the Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button in the
General Control group of the Per Method Parameters table.
The On/Off button turns from green to gray, and the text to the left of the button
changes from On to Off. Within a few seconds, you hear the nitrogen supply to the API
source shut off. In the Nitrogen Gas Off mode, the system maintains a bleed of nitrogen
gas to the probe to prevent a rise in humidity within the source compartment.
7. When you plan to leave the MSQ Plus Mass Detector in the Off mode for a significant
period of time, turn off the nitrogen supply to the system at the main regulator.
Shutting the System Down for Non-Routine Maintenance
You might need to shut down the MSQ Plus Mass Detector for a non-routine maintenance
procedure or to relocate the instrument.
 To shut down the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
1. If you are using the optional cone wash pump, turn it off by turning its power switch to
the Off position.
2. Open the Xcalibur data system by choosing Start > Programs > Thermo Xcalibur >
Xcalibur from the Windows desktop.
3. If the Information view is not displayed, choose View > Info View to display it.
4. Turn off the flow from the LC pump as follows:
a. If your LC pump is controlled from the Xcalibur data system, turn it off from its
respective Direct Control dialog box, or place it in the Standby mode from the Info
View - Status page.
b. If your LC pump is not controlled from the Xcalibur data system, turn it off from its
keypad control panel.
5. Right-click the MSQ Plus listing on the Status page, and choose Turn Device Off from
the shortcut menu.
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Restarting the System Following a Complete Shutdown
6. Right-click the Server icon in the system tray of the Windows taskbar, and choose Vent
from the shortcut menu to vent the system. Venting the system turns off the
turbomolecular pump.
The Server is displayed as an icon in the Windows Taskbar just to the left of the time
display, as shown in Figure 81.
Figure 81. View of taskbar showing the Server icon and the shortcut menu
7. Exit the Xcalibur data system, and close the server.
8. Wait for approximately two minutes, and turn off the MSQ Plus Mass Detector by
setting the MAINS IN switch to the Off position.
Turning off the power to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector also turns off the power to the
Edwards forepump, which gets its line power from the Pump Out receptacle on the back
panel of the mass detector.
9. Close the nitrogen gas cylinder at the main regulator.
Restarting the System Following a Complete Shutdown
Following a long-term shutdown, carry out the visual checks listed in the Pre-switch On
checklist shown in Table 5, and then follow the system start-up procedure.
After you complete these procedures, the system is ready for a full-system autotune. Refer to
the MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Started Guide for details.
Checking the System Connections
Before you switch on the system after an extended shutdown period, a major overhaul, or
instrument relocation, perform the visual checks on the system listed in Table 5.
Table 5. Pre-switch On checklist (Sheet 1 of 2)
Items
Check
Power Connections
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector and your LC devices are connected to line power.
The Edwards forepump is connected to the Pump Out receptacle on the back panel of the MSQ Plus
Mass Detector.
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Restarting the System Following a Complete Shutdown
Table 5. Pre-switch On checklist (Sheet 2 of 2)
Items
Check
Communication Connections
MSQ Plus Mass Detector is connected to the data system computer with a USB cable.
The communication cables for the LC devices are appropriately connected to the data system
computer.
Gas Connections
The GAS IN port on the back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is connected to a nitrogen
supply, and the auxiliary regulator is set to 75 psi (5.2 bar).
Any gas connections required for the LC system have been made.
Vacuum Connections
The source manifold on the back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is connected to the
forepump.
The backing manifold on the back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is connected to the
forepump.
Exhaust Connections
The Exhaust manifold on the back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector is connected to the solvent
trap. The solvent trap is connected to a fume hood or an industrial vent.
The oil mist filter is connected to the exhaust port of the Edwards forepump. The blue hosing is used
to connect the oil mist filter to a fume hood or an industrial vent.
LC Plumbing, Hardwire Connections, and Solvent Supply
The appropriate plumbing connections have been made for the LC system.
The appropriate contact closure connections have been made between the modules of the LC system
and between the LC system and the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
For the Accela LC, check the connections for the system synchronization harness.
The solvent reservoirs for the LC system are filled with the appropriate solvents.
The waste bottle for the LC system waste solvents is empty.
The solvent lines for the LC system are free of air.
Restarting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
Follow these steps to start the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
 To start the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
1. Turn on the power for your system:
a. Turn on the power to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector by turning the MAINS IN
switch to the On position.
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b. Turn on the power to your LC devices. Wait for the LC devices to complete their
initialization before proceeding.
c. Turn on the Edwards forepump by setting its power switch to the On position.
2. Turn on the data system computer. Wait until Windows is running. From the Windows
desktop, double-click the Xcalibur icon.
3. Pump down the instrument:
a. Right-click the Server icon,
, in the system tray of the Windows
taskbar, and choose Pump from the shortcut menu.
b. Wait for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector to reach high vacuum.
c. When system reaches the appropriate vacuum pressure, the server light changes from
flashing amber to solid amber. Reaching high vacuum takes approximately
10 minutes.
If the MSQ Plus Mass Detector has not reached vacuum after 30 minutes, the server
light might still be red or flashing amber. See Table 1 on page 19 to check for leaks in
the system.
4. Open the Tune window by double-clicking the Server icon in the system tray of the
Windows taskbar.
5. If the Per Method Parameters table is not open, open it by clicking the Expand icon on
the right side of the Tune window, as shown in Figure 82.
Figure 82. Per Method Parameters table
Click to open the Per
Method Parameters table.
Probe Temperature
Setpoint box
Operate toggle
button
Nitrogen Gas
toggle button
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System Shutdown
Resetting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
6. Turn on the nitrogen gas by clicking the Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button in the
General Control group of the Per Method Parameters table, shown in Figure 82.
The On/Off toggle button turns from gray to green, and the text to the left of the button
changes from Off to On. Within a few seconds, you hear the nitrogen supply to the API
source turn on.
7. Put the instrument into the Operate mode by clicking the Operate On/Off toggle button
shown in Figure 82 on page 107.
The button turns from gray to green, and the text changes from Off to On.
8. To set the probe temperature, click the Probe Temperature Setpoint box shown in
Figure 82, and type an appropriate value for your application.
The MSQ Plus Mass Detector is ready to use as soon as the probe temperature readback
value approaches that in the setpoint box, although for most stable operation Thermo
Fisher Scientific recommends that you wait approximately 10 minutes for the source to
equilibrate. There is an allowable 2–5% tolerance on the readback.
9. Turn on the flow from the LC pump.
Resetting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
If communication between the mass detector and data system computer is lost, it might be
necessary to reset the mass detector by using the Reset button on the power panel. Pressing the
Reset button creates an interrupt on the CPU PCB of the embedded computer, causing the
embedded computer to restart into a known (default) state. You might hear a high or low tone
that confirms the reset when you open the Tune window.
The procedure given here assumes that the mass detector and data system computer are both
powered on and operational. If the mass detector, data system computer, or both are off, See
“Restarting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector” on page 106.
To reset the mass detector, press the Reset button located on the mass detector’s back panel, as
shown in Figure 83.
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Resetting the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
Figure 83. View of the upper right corner of the mass detector’s back panel
USB
START IN +
START IN -
USER I/O
READY OUT +
READY OUT -
RESET
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Replaceable Parts
This chapter lists the parts most commonly used in the course of working with and
maintaining your MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
The parts are categorized as follows:
• Consumables. Keep a stock of each of these parts, because you might need to replace
them frequently.
• Spares. You can order these parts as required.
• Connection Kits. Use these interface kits to connect an LC system to your mass detector.
You do not need an interface kit to connect an Accela LC to your MSQ Plus Mass
Detector.
The manuals for the MSQ Plus Mass Detector are provided on the software DVD.
Contents
• Consumables
• Spares
• Connection Kits
• Manuals
Consumables
The MSQ Plus Annual Maintenance kit (part number 60111-62014) contains all the
consumables required for the upkeep of your MSQ Plus Mass Detector. The parts contained
in this kit are listed in Table 6.
Table 6. Parts in the MSQ Plus Annual Maintenance Kit (Sheet 1 of 3)
Thermo Scientific
Item
Part number
MSQ Plus Annual Maintenance kit
60111-62014
Adapter (capillary retainer nut)
FM102590
APCI probe capillary (3 each)
FM102594
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Replaceable Parts
Consumables
Table 6. Parts in the MSQ Plus Annual Maintenance Kit (Sheet 2 of 3)
Item
Part number
Entrance skimmer assembly, titanium (1 each)
60111-60049
ESI probe capillary (3 each)
FM102598
ESI ceramic sleeve (1 each)
FM103394
Exit cone (extraction cone) (1 each)
FM102263
Ferrule, SGE 1/16 graphite Vespel (10 per
package)
6070119
Kit, hardware and O-ring, MSQ Plus
60111-62018
Oil reservoir 190/240/260 for turbomolecular
pump
00950-01116
Turbomolecular pump oil change tool
FM104442
Tube insert for API probe, PEEK (3 each)
FM102591
Heater Repair Kit
Detent screw insulator
FM102585
Screw sleeve
FM102582
Spring screw
FM102583
Spring cup
FM102584
MSQ Plus Hardware and O-ring Kit
112
60111-62010
60111-62018
Sealing plug (2 each)
FM102277
Ferrule, SGE 1/16 graphite Vespel (10 each)
6070119
Spring, E-type clip, stainless steel, MSQ only (3
each) (Not available as a separate item.)
FM102574
Spring, compression, 4.6 mm OD, 0.45 N/mm,
30 mm length
00111-01-00013
O-ring, 13.87 mm ID 3.53 mm THK, BS207a,
BLK Viton (1 each)
FM101417
O-ring, 3.68 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS007,
BLK Viton (2 each)
FM101464
O-ring, 3.0 mm ID  1.0 mm THK, BLK Viton
(2 each)
5711933
O-ring, 9.25 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS012,
Viton, for entrance cone (2 each)
FM100231
O-ring, 12.42 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS014,
BLK Viton (1 each)
FM101522
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Replaceable Parts
Consumables
Table 6. Parts in the MSQ Plus Annual Maintenance Kit (Sheet 3 of 3)
Item
Part number
O-ring, 9.0 mm ID  3.0 mm THK, BLK Viton
(1 each)
00107-01-00026
O-ring, 3.30 mm ID 2.4 mm THK, BLK Viton FM103016
(2 each)
a
O-ring, 47.22 mm ID  3.53 mm THK, BS225,
BLK Viton (1 each)
FM103048
O-ring, 6.07 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS010,
BLK Viton (2 each)
5711000
O-ring, 18.77 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS018,
BLK Viton (2 each)
5711035
O-ring, 2.90 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS5006,
BLK Viton (2 each)
TORN003
O-ring, 5.28 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS009,
BLK Viton (2 each)
5711020
British Standard
Table 7 shows where the O-rings are used, and lists them in order by size. Figure 84 on
page 115 shows the location of the O-rings.
Table 7. O-ring locations (Sheet 1 of 2)
Part number
Size
ID (mm)
Thermo Scientific
Where used
THK (mm)
ISO O-ring
size
BS006
TORN003
2.9
1.78
Probe heater assembly
5711933
3.0
1.0
Source block assembly, small
sealing plug
FM103016
3.3
2.40
Probe mount assembly
FM101464
3.68
1.78
BS007
Cone wash nozzle
5711020
5.28
1.78
BS009
API probe
5711000
6.07
1.78
BS010
Entrance cone
00107-01-00026
9.12
3.53
FM100231
9.25
1.78
BS012
API probe
FM101522
12.42
1.78
BS014
Source block assembly, large
sealing plug
FM101417
13.87
3.53
BS207
Source block assembly
Source block assembly
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Consumables
Table 7. O-ring locations (Sheet 2 of 2)
Part number
114
Size
Where used
ID (mm)
THK (mm)
ISO O-ring
size
5711035
18.77
18.77
BS018
Probe heater assembly
FM103048
47.22
3.53
BS225
Source block assembly
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Replaceable Parts
Consumables
Figure 84. Location of O-rings
Probe heater
Entrance cone
P/N 5711035
6.07 mm ID
P/N FM5711000
Cone wash nozzle
3.68 mm ID
P/N FM101464
P/N TORN003
Source block assembly
ESI probe assembly
5.28 mm ID
P/N 5711020
3.0 mm ID
P/N FM5711933
3.0 mm ID
P/N FM5711933
9.25 mm ID
P/N FM100231
12.42 mm ID
P/N FM101522
9.12 mm ID
P/N 00107-01-00026
47.22 mm ID
P/N FM103048
13.87 mm ID
P/N FM101417
Probe mount assembly
3.3 mm ID
P/N FM103016
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Replaceable Parts
Spares
Spares
Order the spare parts listed in Table 8 and the kits listed in Table 9 as required.
Table 8. General spare parts
Item
Part number
Assembly, probe heater
60111-60023
Cable, USB, A to B (2 m)
00302-99-00008
Conversion dynode
FM102888
Electron multiplier
96000-60036S
Digital board
60111-61050S
Exchange board
EXFM102818
Door, main assembly, MSQ Plus
60111-60009
Door, main assembly, MSQ Classic
60111-62019
Entrance, cone, titanium (with O-ring and bayonet
pins)
60111-60049
Fitting, Swagelok™ tube fitting, stainless steel female
ISO tapered thread connector for 1/4 in. OD tubing
00101-02-00006
Fitting, pipe, 6 mm 1/4 in. NPT
00103-02-00001
Hexapole screw insulator
FM102248
Needle, corona, MSQ Plus (for APCI mode)
70005-98033
Needle, corona, MSQ Classic
FM101433
Source board, sub-assembly standard with bracket
60111-61030
Thumbnuts, source block (Nitronic™ 60 alloy)
FM101528
Hexapole screws (Nitronic 60 alloy)
60111-20055
Tubing, 6 mm OD, PTFE, for nitrogen line, (order by 00109-99-00004
the foot length)
Kits
Table 9 lists the kits available.
Table 9. Kits (Sheet 1 of 2)
116
Item
Part number
MSQ engineer tool kit
60111-62100
MSQ Plus installation kit
60111-62006
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Replaceable Parts
Spares
Table 9. Kits (Sheet 2 of 2)
Item
Part number
Qualification kit
OPTON-09015
Software DVD kit, MSQ Plus
60111-62005
Chemicals
Table 10 lists the chemicals that are available.
Table 10. Chemicals
Item
Part number
4-nitrophenol
FM101945
Erythromycin
FM101946
Source Block Assembly
Table 11 lists the parts in the source block assembly.
Table 11. Source block assembly parts (Sheet 1 of 2)
Item
Part number
Assembly, source block and transfer lens
60111-60051
Assembly, titanium entrance cone (with O-ring
and bayonet pins)
60111-60049
Assembly, cone wash nozzle (includes O-ring)
FM102521
CAP kit
60111-62012
CAP repair kit
60111-62017
Circlip, 2.5 mm, E-type (not available as a separate FM102574
item)
Thermo Scientific
Exit cone (extraction skimmer)
FM102263
Exit cone insulator (extraction cone insulator)
FM102264
Hexapole screw insulator
FM102248
O-ring, 6.07 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS010,
BLK Viton (for entrance cone)
5711000
O-ring, 3.0 mm ID  1.0 mm THK, BLK Viton
(for sealing plug)
5711933
O-ring, 13.87 mm ID 3.53 mm THK, BS207,
BLK Viton
FM101417
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Spares
Table 11. Source block assembly parts (Sheet 2 of 2)
Item
Part number
O-ring, 12.42 mm ID  1.78 mm THK, BS014,
BLK Viton
FM101522
O-ring, 9.0 mm ID  3.0 mm THK, BLK Viton
00107-01-00026
O-ring, 47.22 mm ID  3.53 mm THK, BS225,
BLK Viton
FM103048
O-ring, 3.68 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS007,
BLK Viton (for cone wash nozzle)
FM101464
Plug, source block sealing
FM102277
Screw, M3 10, cap head, stainless steel
FM103046
Screw, hexapole
60111-20055
Source block, new alloy to prevent galling
FM102279
Spring, transfer lens special
00111-01-00013
Figure 85 shows an exploded view of the source block assembly with component descriptions
and part numbers.
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Replaceable Parts
Spares
Figure 85. Exploded view of the source block assembly
Thumbscrews
(P/N FM101528)
(Nitronic 60 alloy
to prevent galling)
Entrance cone, titanium with O-ring and bayonet pins (P/N 60111-60049)
O-ring, BS010, 6.07 mm ID × 1.78 mm THK (P/N 5711000)
Bayonet pins (provided with entrance cone)
O-ring, BS007, 3.68 mm ID × 1.78 mm THK (P/N FM101464)
Cone wash nozzle
(P/N FM102521)
Plug, sealing (P/N FM102277)
O-ring, 3.0 mm ID × 1.0 mm THK (P/N 5711933)
O-ring, BS225, 47.2 mm ID × 3.5 mm THK (P/N FM 103048)
Extraction cone insulator (P/N FM102264)
Exit cone (P/N FM102263)
O-ring, BS014, 12.42 mm ID × 1.78 mm THK
(P/N FM101522)
Plug source
block sealing
(P/N FM101460)
Hexapole screw insulator
(P/N FM102248)
O-ring, 9.0 mm ID × 3.0 mm THK
(P/N 00107-01-0026)
O-ring, BS207,13.87 mm ID × 3.53 mm THK
(P/N FM101417)
Circlip, provided in MSQ Plus Hardware and O-ring Kit
(part number 60111-62018)
Spring (P/N 00111-01-00013)
Hexapole screw (P/N 60111-20055)
RF/dc prefilter
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Spares
ESI Probe Assembly
Table 12 lists the parts in the ESI probe assembly.
Table 12. ESI probe assembly parts
Item
Part number
Assembly, ESI probe
FM102595
ESI probe capillary
FM102598
ESI ceramic sleeve
FM103394
Ferrule, GVF/16, graphite Vespel
6070119
O-ring, 9.25 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS012,
BLK Viton
FM100231
O-ring, 5.28 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS009,
BLK Viton
5711020
PEEK tube insert
FM102591
Screw, M3  8, cap head, stainless steel
N/A
Screw, M3  10, cap head, stainless steel
FM103046
Capillary retaining nut
FM102590
Figure 86 shows an exploded view of the ESI probe assembly.
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Replaceable Parts
Spares
Figure 86. Exploded view of ESI probe assembly
O-ring, BS009
(P/N 5711020)
ESI ceramic mount
ESI capillary
(P/N FM102598)
ESI ceramic sleeve
(P/N FM103394)
ESI mount
subassembly
Locking plate
M3 × 10 cap head screw
(P/N FM103046)
O-ring, BS012
(P/N FM100231)
M3 × 8
cap head screws
Graphite
Vespel ferrule
(P/N 6070119)
Capillary retaining nut
(FM102590
APCI Probe Assembly
Table 13 lists the parts in the APCI probe assembly.
Table 13. APCI probe assembly parts (Sheet 1 of 2)
Thermo Scientific
Item
Part number
Assembly, APCI probe
FM102587
APCI capillary tube (6 each)
FM102594
Ferrule, GVF/16, graphite Vespel
6070119
O-ring, 9.25 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS012,
BLK Viton
FM100231
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Spares
Table 13. APCI probe assembly parts (Sheet 2 of 2)
Item
Part number
O-ring, 5.28 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS009,
BLK Viton
5711020
PEEK tube insert (12 each)
FM102591
Screw, M3  8, cap head, stainless steel
N/A
Screw, M3  10, cap head, stainless steel
FM103046
Figure 87 shows an exploded view of the APCI probe assembly.
Figure 87. Exploded view of APCI probe assembly
APCI probe subassembly
O-ring, BS009
(P/N 5711020)
APCI probe mount
subassembly
Locking plate
APCI capillary
(P/N FM102594)
PEEK sleeve
insert
O-ring, BS012
(P/N FM100231)
M3 × 10
cap head screw
(P/N FM103046)
M3 × 8
cap head screws
Probe clamp
Capillary
retaining nut
(P/N FM102590)
122
Graphite Vespel ferrule
(P/N 6070119)
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Spares
Probe Heater Assembly
Table 14 lists the parts in the probe heater assembly.
Table 14. Probe heater assembly parts
Item
Part number
Probe heater assembly
60111-60023
Detent screw insulator
FM102585
Spring screw
FM102583
Spring cup
FM102584
Probe screw sleeve
FM102582
O-ring, 18.77 mm ID 1.78 mm THK, BS018,
BLK Viton
5711035
Figure 88 shows the probe heater assembly. Figure 89 shows the components of the Probe
Heater Repair Kit (part number 60111-62010).
Figure 88. Probe heater assembly with a view of the O-rings
O-ring, BS018, 18.77 mm ID × 1.78 mm THK (P/N 5711035)
Detent screw insulator (P/N FM102585)
O-ring, BS006, 2.9 mm ID × 1.78 THK
(P/N TORN003)
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Replaceable Parts
Spares
Figure 89. Components of the Probe Heater Repair Kit (part number 60111-62010)
Spring screw (P/N FM102583)
Not provided in the kit
Spring cup (P/N FM102584)
Probe screw sleeve (P/N FM102582)
Detent screw insulator (P/N FM102585)
Vacuum Spares
Table 15 lists the vacuum spare parts.
Table 15. Vacuum spare parts
Item
Part number
Oil wick, Pfeiffer replacement
FM104398
Oil, Edwards pump, 1-L bottle
00301-15102
Seal, vacuum housing
FM101633
Tee, KF25
FM100203
Vent valve with 1 m cable assembly
FM104308
Hose, blue exhaust, 1 in. ID (order by the foot length, 00301-08301
10 = 10 ft)
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Spares
Gas Flow Spares and Nitrogen Generator
Table 16 lists the gas flow spare parts and the nitrogen generator parts.
Table 16. Gas flow spare parts and nitrogen generator parts
Item
Part number
Flow controller.
00110-01-00008
The flow controller is only available as part of a
replacement nitrogen manifold assembly, part number
60111-60019S. This assembly comes with the flow
controller preadjusted for the fixed sheath and
nebulizer flows of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector and
has a tamper-proof feature.
Tubing, 6 mm OD, PTFE, for nitrogen line (order by
the foot length)
00109-99-00004
Nitrogen valve assembly. Order as an S part. The new
style diverters are set in Manufacturing.
60111-60019S
PEAK nitrogen generator
OPTON-97104
Solvent Path and Calibrant Spares
Table 17 lists the spare parts for the solvent path and the calibrant.
Table 17. Solvent path and calibrant spare parts
Thermo Scientific
Item
Part number
Assembly, waste bottle
FM102770
Assembly, reference bottle
FM102771
MSQ calibration solution kit (for MSQ software
version 1.4 and later)
60111-62021
Nut, PEEK, 1-piece
FM100513
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Replaceable Parts
Connection Kits
Electronic Spares
Table 18 lists the electronic spare parts.
Table 18. Electronic spare parts
Item
Part number
Assembly, power supply, low-voltage, MSQ
FM103098
PCB assembly, status
60111-61090
PCB, 2000 RF/Digital control
60111-61050S or EXFM102818
PCB, electrometer
60111-61020
PCB, source
60111-61030
PCB, RF generator
60111-61040
PCB, digital
60111-61050
PCB, RF/dc prefilter. Replacement requires
“redipping” the transfer lens coil. Call Field Services.
60111-61080
Connection Kits
For information on the connection kits available, refer to the manuals stored on the LC
devices CD that is part of the media kit.
Manuals
The following manuals are available on the instrument software DVD:
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Preinstallation Guide
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Started Guide
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Calmix Kit Preparation Guide
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Optimizing the LC Conditions
This appendix includes information that you might find helpful for optimizing the LC system
and the cone wash system.
Contents
• Flow Rates
• LC Solvents and Mobile Phase Additives
• Cone Wash System
• Flow Splitting
• PEEK Tubing
• Chemical Kit
Flow Rates
In general, the LC column employed determines the choice of flow rate. Each column has an
optimum flow rate, as listed in Table 19.
Table 19. LC columns and flow rates
Thermo Scientific
Column ID
Flow rate
4.6 mm
1.0 mL/min
3.9 mm
0.5 mL/min
2.1 mm
0.2 mL/min
1.0 mm
40-50 L/min
Capillary
<10 L/min
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Optimizing the LC Conditions
LC Solvents and Mobile Phase Additives
The different ionization modes require different flow rates and column IDs. The following
guidelines apply when using the MSQ Plus Mass Detector:
• Electrospray can operate at all the flow rates described in Table 19.
• APCI cannot operate at flow rates below 0.2 mL/min. Therefore, suitable column IDs are
2.1 mm, 3.9 mm, and 4.6 mm.
LC Solvents and Mobile Phase Additives
The choice of solvents for LC is dictated primarily by the separation requirements, but you
must follow some guidelines when performing LC/MS analyses.
LC Solvents
Water, acetonitrile, and methanol are the solvents that are the most compatible with the MSQ
Plus Mass Detector. These common reverse-phase LC solvents are ideal for LC/MS. When
you use high percentages of water, you usually need to raise the probe temperature to aid
desolvation.
Less commonly used solvents include normal-phase solvents; alcohols such as isopropanol,
2-methoxyethanol, and ethanol; and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO).
Normal-phase solvents such as dichloromethane, hexane, and toluene are most suitable for use
in APCI. Alcohols have all been used with LC/MS, but their use tends to be
application-specific. DMSO is commonly used by synthetic chemists for primary dilutions.
Mobile Phase Additives
Additives can be divided into three categories:
• Commonly Used Compatible Additives
• Less Commonly Used Additives
• Unsuitable Additives
Table 20 lists suitable additives.
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LC Solvents and Mobile Phase Additives
Table 20. Summary of suitable additives
Ion Polarity Mode
Additive
Positive ion
• Acetic acid
• Formic acid
• Ammonium acetate (<0.1M)
Negative ion
• Triethylamine (TEA)
• Ammonium hydroxide (ammonia solution)
• Ammonium acetate (<0.1M)
Table 21 lists additives to avoid.
Table 21. Summary of additives to avoid
Ion Polarity Mode
Additive
Positive ion
• Surfactants
• Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) (>0.1% v/v)
Negative ion
• Surfactants
• Organic acids such as acetic acid, formic acid, trifluoroacetic
acid (TFA)
Commonly Used Compatible Additives
The following additives are the most compatible with the MSQ Plus Mass Detector:
• Acetic acid or formic acid
• Ammonium hydroxide
• Ammonium acetate or ammonium formate
• Non-volatile salts
• Ion-pairing agents
You can enhance LC separations by reducing the pH of the mobile phase. Suitable additives
for this are acetic acid or formic acid. (Formic acid is stronger than acetic acid and therefore
less needs to be added to reach a required pH.) Addition of acids can suppress ionization in
negative ion analysis, and weakly acidic compounds might not form [M-H]- ions in acidic
conditions.
Ammonium hydroxide (ammonia solution) is suitable for increasing the pH of the mobile
phase, which can enhance LC separations. When you analyze weakly acidic compounds in
negative ion mode, it is unlikely that there will be any suppression of ionization.
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Optimizing the LC Conditions
LC Solvents and Mobile Phase Additives
Volatile salts, such as ammonium acetate or ammonium formate, are often used to buffer
mobile phases. Use as little ammonium acetate or ammonium formate as possible, keeping the
concentration below 100 mM. Ensure that the cone wash is running when using high
concentrations.
When using non-volatile salts, ensure that the cone wash is running, because they can
crystallize in the source, block the entrance cone, and prevent the mass spectrometer from
functioning. The most common non-volatile salts used are phosphates.
Ensure that the cone wash is running when using ion-pairing agents (for example, sodium
octanesulfonic acid). Many ion-pairing agents suppress electrospray.
Less Commonly Used Additives
The following additives are less commonly used:
• Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)
• Triethylamine (TEA)
• Tetrahydrofuran (THF)
• Inorganic acids
Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) is frequently used for peptide and protein analysis. High levels
greater than 0.1% v/v can cause suppression of sensitivity in positive-ion mode. TFA might
completely suppress ionization in negative-ion mode.
Triethylamine (TEA) can suppress the ionization of less basic compounds in positive-ion
mode (because it is also readily ionized to give a [M+H]+ ion at m/z 102). TEA enhances
ionization of other compounds in negative-ion mode because it is basic. It is a particularly
useful additive for the analysis of nucleic acids.
In ESI, using THF can reduce sensitivity. You can counteract this effect by the post-column
addition of ammonium acetate. It has no effect in APCI.
CAUTION Do not use a concentration of THF greater than 5% with PEEK tubing. THF
causes swelling in the PEEK tubing and consequently presents a risk of the LC tubing
bursting.
Inorganic acids (for example, sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid) can be used. Check the
suitability of the LC column to low pHs.
CAUTION After using phosphoric acid, thoroughly clean the source, source enclosure and
hexapole RF lens to minimize the physical damage.
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Optimizing the LC Conditions
Cone Wash System
Unsuitable Additives
Unsuitable additives include surface-active agents and detergents. Surface-active agents and
detergents can suppress the ionization of other compounds. Detergents by their very nature
are concentrated at the surface of a liquid. They can cause problems with electrospray because
the ionization relies on the evaporation of ions from the surface of a droplet. Therefore, the
detergent suppresses the evaporation of other ions. Use surfactants only when they are being
analyzed themselves, not as additives to HPLC mobile phases.
Cone Wash System
Historically, LC/MS has only been compatible with volatile buffer systems using modifiers,
such as trifluoroacetic acid, formic acid, and acetic acid. Phosphate buffers, although
extensively used in LC separations, were not suited to LC/MS because of the rapid blocking of
the ion sampling region caused by the deposition of non-volatile phosphate salts. The
self-cleaning API source provided by the cone wash system of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector
allows routine LC/MS with chromatographic buffers, such as phosphates or ion-pairing
agents and samples in dirty matrices.
The cone wash system consists of a cone wash nozzle, internal tubing, and a cone wash pump.
Refer to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Connected Guide for instructions on connecting
the cone wash pump to the MSQ Plus Mass Detector. The recommended flow rate for the
cone wash solvent is 200 l/min, and the recommended cone wash solvent is [50:50]
methanol/water (v/v).
Note Use the cone wash only for dirty matrices or with non-volatile buffers. Choose the
cone wash solvent to give the most effective solubility for the expected contaminants. The
cone wash can be used for a short duration at the beginning of the LC analysis and turned
off after the void volume of the LC column is cleared.
Figure 90 shows the back of the cone wash pump, including the inputs.
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Optimizing the LC Conditions
Cone Wash System
Figure 90. Back of the cone wash pump
The pump’s inputs are on the 10-pin terminal board connector. Table 22 shows the pinouts of
the cone wash pump.
Table 22. Pinout of the cone wash pump
Pin
Function
10
VOLTAGE COM
9
VOLTAGE IN
8
FREQ IN
7
ENABLE IN
6
PUMP-RUN
5
PUMP-STOP
4
No connection
3
No connection
2
No connection
1
COM
 To optimize the position of the cone wash nozzle
1. Turn the cone wash nozzle counterclockwise until the tip of the nozzle is just above the
top of the entrance cone.
2. Turn the cone wash pump on by turning its On/Off switch to On.
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A Optimizing the LC Conditions
Controlling the Cone Wash Pump Through Timed Events
3. Adjust the nozzle so that the drops of solvent just touch the tip of the entrance cone as
they fall to the drain at the bottom of the source chamber.
CAUTION Do not leave the cone wash running when the source heater is turned off,
because this can lead to cone wash solvents condensing on the RF/dc prefilter.
Controlling the Cone Wash Pump Through Timed Events
Use the Timed Events page shown in Figure 91 to set timed events for the time function
terminals (TF1 to TF4) located on the back panel of the Accela Autosampler. See Figure 92.
You can use the TF terminals to control the cone wash pump.
Figure 91. Timed Events page on the Accela AS Instrument Setup view
Figure 92. Time function event terminals on the back panel of the Accela Autosampler
The timed event output signals are issued after the inject out signal in the signal sequence.
To display the Timed Events page, click the Timed Events tab in the Accela AS Instrument
Setup view. Program timed events by adding entries to the Timed Events table.
The Timed Events table contains time boxes and event (TF1, TF2, TF3, and TF4) lists. In
the Time box, you can specify the time, in minutes, when the Accela Autosampler TF
terminal (TF1 to TF4) signals an event. Time 0.0 is defined as the time when the Accela
Autosampler issues an inject out signal. The range of values is 0.0 to 9999.9 minutes.
With the event (TF1, TF2, TF3, and TF4) lists, you can select whether the TF1, TF2, TF3,
and TF4 output terminal is On or Off at the time specified in the Time box.
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Optimizing the LC Conditions
Flow Splitting
Flow Splitting
Because the MSQ Plus Mass Detector can handle flow rates up to 2 mL/min, flow splitting of
the LC eluent is not usually required. However, if hyphenated detection using both a UV
detector and a mass detector is required, you can split the flow by using a zero dead volume
tee fitting. Eliminating the flowcell of the UV detector from the solvent path to the mass
detector minimizes the peak broadening for the chromatograms produced by the mass
detector.
The split ratio between the flow going to the UV detector and the flow going to the mass
detector is determined by the relative backpressure in the two lines. If the backpressure exerted
by the connection to the API source probe is greater than the backpressure exerted by the
connection to the UV detector, the flow to the API source probe is lower than the flow to the
UV detector.
PEEK Tubing
PEEK (Poly-Ether-Ether-Ketone) tubing is a widely used alternative to stainless steel tubing in
the high-pressure parts of the system. It is compatible with most LC solvents except THF
(tetrahydrofuran), methylene chloride, and concentrated nitric acid. It works well to a
reasonably high pressure, is easy to cut and route, and is less expensive than stainless steel.
PEEK tubing is manufactured by SGE International Pty, Ltd.
PEEK tubing comes in eight different internal diameters that are color-coded. The tubing
comes in solid colors or in natural with a color-coded stripe on its external surface. Table 23
lists the inner diameters and internal volume of five of the most commonly used colors.
Table 23. 1/16 in. OD PEEK tubing color coding
Color
Inner diameter
(in.)
(mm)
Internal volume
(L/in.)
Green
0.030
0.75
11.577
Orange
0.020
0.50
5.146
Blue
0.010
0.25
1.288
Yellow
0.007
0.18
0.632
Red
0.005
0.13
0.323
 To plumb your system with PEEK tubing
1. Cut PEEK tubing with a polymeric tubing cutter to ensure a square cut to prevent
distortion of the tubing and to avoid creating burrs that will constrict flow. Thermo
Fisher Scientific recommends a polymeric tubing cutter that is engineered with guide
holes for 1/16 in. and 1/8 in. OD tubing. The following instructions apply to the
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MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
Thermo Scientific
A
Optimizing the LC Conditions
Chemical Kit
Upchurch Scientific™ Model A18 Polymeric Tubing Cutter and are provided courtesy of
Upchurch Scientific:
a. Squeeze the tabs at the back of the cutter together to raise the blade.
b. Insert your tubing through the appropriate guide hole.
c. Release the tabs, allowing the blade of the cutter to rest on the tubing.
d. Holding the tubing, spin the cutter around the tubing to begin the cut. For PEEK
tubing, spin the cutter two to three times, remove the tubing and snap the tubing at
the cut.
2. Slip a fitting over the end of the tubing.
3. As you insert PEEK tubing into a port, ensure that the end of the tubing makes contact
with the bottom of the port. Then tighten the fitting fingertight. See Figure 93.
Note
1. Tubing that is not properly seated can add dead volume to a chromatographic
system.
2. Never over-tighten PEEK fittings, because this can cause leaks.
Figure 93. Poor connections result if tubing is not bottomed in the port (A) or is not cut square (B)
(A)
(B)
Courtesy of the Rheodyne Web site
Chemical Kit
To prepare the MSQ Plus Mass Detector calibration solution for autotune and mass
calibration, you can either prepare it yourself using the instructions in the “Calibrant
Solution” section of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Started Guide, or you can use the
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Chemical Kit (part number 60111-62023), shown in Figure 94.
This kit contains calibration, qualification, and sensitivity chemicals for the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector. Specifically, it contains the following:
Thermo Scientific
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
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A
Optimizing the LC Conditions
Chemical Kit
• MSQ Plus Mass Detector Calmix Kit (part number 60111-62021), shown in Figure 95,
which includes the following items:
–
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Calmix Kit Preparation Guide (part number 60111-97200).
This document contains the same information as the “Preparing the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector Calibration Solution” section in the MSQ Plus Mass Detector Getting Started
Guide.
–
Certificate of Analysis, which verifies that the Calmix solution actually contains the
specified ingredients.
–
Material Safety Data Sheet, which provides health, safety and handling information
in compliance with ISO requirements.
• Sensitivity Kit (part number FM104824), which contains the two test chemicals used to
perform the sensitivity specification tests during MSQ performance qualification.
• Functionality Test Standard (part number HAZMAT-01-00044), which is a 20-ppm
caffeine standard that is used to check performance of the LC-MS system as a complete
system. The Sensitivity Kit (part number FM104284) only tests the MS portion. The LC
system includes its own chemical test kit.
The chemical kit is shipped separately from the MSQ Plus Mass Detector.
Figure 94. Contents of Chemical Kit (part number 60111-62023)
Outer box with label
Working label for
customer 3-qty
Box with 3 ampoules
Poly bag with label
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Optimizing the LC Conditions
Chemical Kit
Figure 95. Contents of MSQ Plus Mass Detector CALMIX Kit (part number 60111-62021)
Material Safety Data Sheet
Thermo Scientific
Certificate of Analysis
MSQ Plus Mass Detector
Calmix Kit Preparation Guide
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
137
I
Index
Numerics
2-methoxyethanol 128
A
Accela Autosampler 12, 133
Accela autosampler 133
Accela LC pump 12
acetic acid 129, 131
acetonitrile 5, 128
acid alcohols 7
acidic compounds 4–5
Acquisition icon 43
adduct ions 4, 6
ammonium acetate 129–130
ammonium formate 129
ammonium hydroxide 129
APCI capillary
installing 71
removing 69
replacing 68
APCI probe
installing 73
installing the APCI capillary 71
maintaining 67
removing 68
removing APCI capillary 69
APCI probe assembly 121
APCI. See atmospheric pressure chemical ionization
API probe 32, 47–48, 94
atmospheric pressure chemical ionization
adduct-ion formation 6
API source 22, 24
capillary 5
definition of 5
description 2
flow rates 128
ion generation 5
ion polarity modes 7
Thermo Scientific
molecular weights suited for 7
molecule desolvation 13
negative-ion mode 6
nitrogen consumed 36
positive-ion mode 6
primary ion formation 6
regulation of nitrogen gas 33
secondary ion formation 6
spectral characteristics 7
switching to electrospray 53
tuning parameters to set 41
atmospheric pressure ionization (API) source 22
autosamplers
Accela 12
contact closure 14
purpose 2, 13
B
back panel of the MSQ Plus Mass Detector 20
backing manifold 20, 22
backpressure 56, 68
basic compounds 4–5
C
calibrant 35
calibrant spare parts 125
carboxylic acids 3, 7
centroid data type 8
chemicals 117
compliance, WEEE v
cone voltage 41
cone wash nozzle
as part of cone wash system 37
cleaning 83
handling 84
optimizing position of 132
removing from source block assembly 82
cone wash pump 132–133
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
139
Index: D
cone wash system
components of 37
cone wash pump pinouts 132
optimizing 127
purpose 36
connection kits 126
consumable parts 111
contact closure 14
contact closure connector 22
contacting us xix
conversion dynode 29–30
corona current 41–42
corona needle 82
corona pin 24, 52
D
data system computer
connecting to MSQ Plus Mass Detector 22
requirements 38
dc voltage 26–28
default.tune file 25
deprotonated molecules 4, 7
detent screw insulator 77
dichloromethane 128
dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) 128
disassembling the RF/dc prefilter 89
disk space 45
Disk Space dialog box 46
documentation survey xx
drug metabolism studies 3
E
Edwards forepump 32
EEK tube insert 71
electron multiplier 30
electronic spare parts 126
electrospray
acidic compounds 4–5
API source 22–23
basic compounds 4–5
definition of 3
description 2
flow rates 128
fragmentation in 4
ion desolvation in 3, 13
molecular weights suited for 5
nitrogen consumption 36
polar compounds 5
polarity modes available in 5
recommended guidelines 5
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MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
regulation of nitrogen gas 33
solvents used in 5
spectral characteristics 4
spectrum produced 4
switching to atmospheric pressure chemical ionization 51
tuning parameters to set 41
entrance cone
cleaning 83
removing from source block assembly 82
repairing 91
ESI capillary
cleaning or replacing 61
installing 63
removing 59
ESI probe
installing 67
installing capillary 63
maintaining 56
removing 57
removing capillary from 59
replacing ceramic sleeve 61
ESI probe assembly 120
ESI. See electrospray
ethanol 128
exhaust manifold 20, 22
extraction cone 89
F
flow splitting 134
forepump
checking oil level in oil mist filter 46
connection to turbomolecular pump 32
draining oil mist filter 48–49
Edwards 32
maintaining 95
power source for 20–21
turning off 41, 81
vacuum produced by 2, 4
formic acid 84, 129, 131
front panel of MSQ Plus Mass Detector 18
front panel status indicator of the MSQ Plus Mass
Detector 18
full scan 7
full-system autotune 15
Functionality Test Standard 136
G
gas ballast valve 48
gas flow spare parts 125
GAS IN 20, 22, 32
Thermo Scientific
Index: H
graphite ferrule 60, 63, 70–71
grounding union 16
H
hexane 128
I
Information view 37
Inject From Ref. Inlet button 35
inorganic acids 130
Instrument Configuration application 14
Instrument Configuration icon 14
Instrument Setup view 42
ion detection system 28
ion optics 13, 31
ion polarity modes 2
ion-pairing agents 129
isopropanol 128
isopropyl alcohol 5
K
kits 116
L
LC column 13
LC column flow rates 127
LC devices 15
LC pump 14, 56, 68, 100, 104
LC solvents 128
LC system
Accela 1
chemical test kit 136
connecting to MSQ Plus Mass Detector 111
optimizing 127
waste solvents 49
LC/MS analysis 2
light-emitting diode (LED) 18
line power 21
lubricant reservoir 96, 98
M
MAINS IN connection to line power 20–21
MAINS ON/OFF circuit breaker switch 20–21
maintenance schedule 55
manuals available 126
mass analyzer
components of 27
purpose 26
Thermo Scientific
mass-scale calibration
how to perform 16
steps performed in 15
when to perform 16
MCA data type 9
menu bar of Tune window 42
methanol 5, 84, 128
methylene chloride 134
mobile phase pH 129
mobile phrase additives 128
M-path region 31–32
MSQ Plus Mass Detector
additives compatible with 129
components of 1–2, 18
connecting API probe 51
connection to data system computer 22, 37
connection to liquid chromatograph 22
connection to nitrogen source 22
data types provided by 8
emergency shutdown 99
integration with LC system 12
ion detection system 28
ion polarity modes 2
maintenance schedule 55
mass analyzer in 26
mass range of 27
parts in 111
power supply requirements for 21
procedures to perform after operation 47
procedures to perform before operation 45
resetting 108
restarting after shutdown 105–106
scan types in 7
turning off 48, 99
from Tune window 103
from Xcalibur data system 101
non-routine maintenance 104
types of ionization performed 2
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Calmix Kit 136
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Chemical Kit 135
multiply charged ions 7
N
needle voltage 42
negative ion polarity mode 2–5, 7, 25, 130
nitric acid 134
nitrogen gas 23, 32, 36, 100
Nitrogen Gas On/Off toggle button 34
nitrogen generator parts 125
nitrogen source 22
nitrogen supply 45
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
141
Index: O
non-volatile salts 129
normal-phase solvents 128
O
oil mist filter 46, 48–49
O-rings 83–84, 113
P
Peak Display 43
PEEK delivery tube 16
PEEK tube insert 60, 70
PEEK tubing
color coding 134
cone wash system 37
connections for cone wash system 37
description 134
plumbing system with 134
PEEK union 22
Per Method Parameters table 43
phosphate buffers 131
phosphoric acid 130
Pirani gauge 32
positive ion polarity mode 2–5, 7, 25, 130
positive-negative ion polarity mode 2, 5, 7
power circuit breaker switch 21
power source for forepump 21
power supply requirements for MSQ Plus Mass Detector 21
Print Setup dialog box 44
printer 44
probe heater
cleaning 77
installing 78, 94
maintaining 74
removing 74
replacing detent screw insulator 77
probe heater assembly 123
Probe Heater Repair Kit 74, 77
probe temperature 41
profile data type 8
protonated molecules 4, 7
PUMP OUT outlet 32
PUMP OUT power source for forepump 20–21
Q
quadrupole rod assembly 26
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MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
R
raw files
acquiring data to 41
MCA 10
Rayleigh stability limit 3
reference inlet reservoir 16, 32
reference inlet system
components of 16
purpose 15
Reset button 20, 22, 108
reverse-phase LC solvents 128
RF lens bias 25
RF voltage 26–28
RF/dc prefilter
cleaning 87
deep-cleaning 88
disassembly 89
purpose 25
Rheodyne microinjection (switching) valve 16
Roadmap view 39
S
safety precautions xvii
Scan Events table 43
selected ion monitoring (SIM) 7
Sensitivity Kit 136
Server icon 37, 40–41, 103, 105, 107
Server icon shortcut menu 41, 105
Server software 37
sheath gas 23–24
Signal-to-Noise Calculator program 39
singly charged ions 4, 7
solenoid valve 34
solvent path spare parts 125
source block 89
source block assembly
assembling 92
cleaning cone wash nozzle 83
cleaning entrance cone 83
clearing access to 81
installing 93
maintaining 79
parts in 117
preparing LC/MS system 80
removing 86
removing cone wash nozzle 82
removing entrance cone 82
repairing entrance cone 91
source manifold 20, 22
spare parts 116
Thermo Scientific
Index: T
split flow tee 13
status bar of Tune window 43
sulfuric acid 130
surfactants 129, 131
survey link xx
T
tetrahydrofuran (THF) 130, 134
TF terminals 133
Thermo Foundation Instrument Configuration dialog box
14
Timed Events page 133
title bar of Tune window 42
toluene 128
toolbar of Tune window 43
triethylamine (TEA) 129–130
trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) 129–131
Tune Comms Indicator 43
tune file
default 25
displaying name in Tune window 42
importing 42
saving values of tuning parameters in 41
Tune icon 41, 43, 100, 103
Tune window
Acquisition icon 43
features of 42
menu bar 42
opening 41
Peak Display 43
Per Method Parameters table 43
Scan Events table 43
status bar 43
title bar 42
toolbar 43
Tune Comms Indicator 43
Tune icon 43
turning off the mass detector from 103
turbomolecular pump
location of 95
maintaining 96
operating speed 19
purpose 31
removing lubricant reservoir 96
replacing lubricant reservoir 98
turning off 41, 81
Thermo Scientific
U
unsuitable additives 131
USB cable 22
USB port 20, 22
USER I/O contact closure connector 20, 22
UV detector 13
V
vacuum manifold 30–31
vacuum spare parts 124
vacuum system 30, 95
vent valve 32
W
waste reservoir nitrogen pressurization line 16
waste solvent 49
water 128
WEEE compliance v
X
Xcalibur data system
configuring for LC devices 14
controlling modules of LC/MS system 37
Instrument Configuration application 14
Instrument Setup view 42
Roadmap view 37, 39
software features 38
Xcalibur icon 101
MSQ Plus Mass Detector Hardware Manual
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