Fluke Calibration 9190A Field Metrology Well Manual PDF

Fluke Calibration 9190A Field Metrology Well Manual PDF
9190A
Ultra-Cool Drywell
Operators Manual
January 2013
© 2013 Fluke Corporation. All rights reserved. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.
LIMITED WARRANTY AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
Each Fluke product is warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and
service. The warranty period is one year and begins on the date of shipment. Parts, product repairs, and
services are warranted for 90 days. This warranty extends only to the original buyer or end-user customer of
a Fluke authorized reseller, and does not apply to fuses, disposable batteries, or to any product which, in
Fluke's opinion, has been misused, altered, neglected, contaminated, or damaged by accident or abnormal
conditions of operation or handling. Fluke warrants that software will operate substantially in accordance
with its functional specifications for 90 days and that it has been properly recorded on non-defective media.
Fluke does not warrant that software will be error free or operate without interruption.
Fluke authorized resellers shall extend this warranty on new and unused products to end-user customers
only but have no authority to extend a greater or different warranty on behalf of Fluke. Warranty support is
available only if product is purchased through a Fluke authorized sales outlet or Buyer has paid the
applicable international price. Fluke reserves the right to invoice Buyer for importation costs of
repair/replacement parts when product purchased in one country is submitted for repair in another country.
Fluke's warranty obligation is limited, at Fluke's option, to refund of the purchase price, free of charge repair,
or replacement of a defective product which is returned to a Fluke authorized service center within the
warranty period.
To obtain warranty service, contact your nearest Fluke authorized service center to obtain return
authorization information, then send the product to that service center, with a description of the difficulty,
postage and insurance prepaid (FOB Destination). Fluke assumes no risk for damage in transit. Following
warranty repair, the product will be returned to Buyer, transportation prepaid (FOB Destination). If Fluke
determines that failure was caused by neglect, misuse, contamination, alteration, accident, or abnormal
condition of operation or handling, including overvoltage failures caused by use outside the product’s
specified rating, or normal wear and tear of mechanical components, Fluke will provide an estimate of repair
costs and obtain authorization before commencing the work. Following repair, the product will be returned to
the Buyer transportation prepaid and the Buyer will be billed for the repair and return transportation charges
(FOB Shipping Point).
THIS WARRANTY IS BUYER'S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AND IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. FLUKE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE
FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES,
INCLUDING LOSS OF DATA, ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE OR THEORY.
Since some countries or states do not allow limitation of the term of an implied warranty, or exclusion or
limitation of incidental or consequential damages, the limitations and exclusions of this warranty may not
apply to every buyer. If any provision of this Warranty is held invalid or unenforceable by a court or other
decision-maker of competent jurisdiction, such holding will not affect the validity or enforceability of any other
provision.
Fluke Corporation
P.O. Box 9090
Everett, WA 98206-9090
U.S.A.
11/99
To register your product online, visit register.fluke.com
Fluke Europe B.V.
P.O. Box 1186
5602 BD Eindhoven
The Netherlands
Table of Contents
Chapter
1
Title
Product Overview and Specifications ............................................... 1-1
Product Overview ..............................................................................................
Safety Information .............................................................................................
Manual Set .........................................................................................................
Contact Fluke Calibration ..................................................................................
Calibration and Repair Information ...................................................................
Specifications .....................................................................................................
Base Unit Specifications................................................................................
-P Specifications ............................................................................................
2
Page
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-5
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-7
Operation ............................................................................................. 2-1
Introduction ........................................................................................................
Calibrator Features .............................................................................................
Display and Control Panel .............................................................................
-P Option Panel (Input Panel)........................................................................
Power and Remote Interface Panel ................................................................
Startup and Main Screen ...............................................................................
Calibrator Setup .................................................................................................
Unpack and Inspect .......................................................................................
Placement ......................................................................................................
Connect to Mains Power ...............................................................................
Turn On the Product ......................................................................................
Change Language ..........................................................................................
Set Display Contrast ......................................................................................
Toggle Key Beep On or Off ..........................................................................
Security and Password ...................................................................................
Menus and Menu Navigation .............................................................................
Temperature Setup Menu (TEMP SETUP) ...................................................
Temperature Setup ....................................................................................
Cutout ........................................................................................................
Cooler Status .............................................................................................
Program Menu (PROG MENU) ....................................................................
Program Setup ...........................................................................................
Ramp/Soak ................................................................................................
i
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-8
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-9
2-9
2-9
2-10
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-14
2-15
2-15
9190A
Operators Manual
Test Result (-P Only) ................................................................................
System Menu (SYSTEM MENU) .................................................................
Display Setup ............................................................................................
Communications Setup .............................................................................
Date/Time Setup (-P Only) .......................................................................
Calibration Setup Menu .................................................................................
Calibration Points Setup ............................................................................
Control Setup ............................................................................................
Reference Input Calibration (-P Only) ......................................................
TC Input Calibration (-P Only) .................................................................
mA Input Calibration (-P Only) ................................................................
System Information ...................................................................................
Input Setup Menu (INPUT SETUP) ..............................................................
Select Unit Input Menu (-P Only) .............................................................
RTD Setup.................................................................................................
TC Setup ...................................................................................................
mA Setup...................................................................................................
Test UUT Calculation ...............................................................................
REF Input Menu........................................................................................
Reference Probe Setup ..............................................................................
Test Calculation Menu ..............................................................................
Probe Preparation ...............................................................................................
Clamp-On Ferrites .........................................................................................
Reference PRT Connection Preparation ........................................................
4-Wire Reference Probe Wiring Instructions ............................................
2-Wire Reference Probe Wiring Instructions ............................................
Reference Probe Input Setup .....................................................................
PRT/RTD Connection Preparation ................................................................
Operation ...........................................................................................................
Insert Installation and Removal Procedure ....................................................
Probe Insertion and Removal Procedure .......................................................
Set Temperature.............................................................................................
Set the Temperature SETPOINT Manually ..............................................
Set the Temperature with a Preset SETPOINT .........................................
Change a Preset SETPOINT .....................................................................
Cancel or Stop Temperature Change .............................................................
Set a Soft Cutout............................................................................................
Reset an Over-Temperature Cutout ...............................................................
Programs (Automated Tests) .........................................................................
Run a Program...........................................................................................
Stop a Program ..........................................................................................
3
2-16
2-17
2-17
2-18
2-18
2-19
2-19
2-20
2-21
2-21
2-22
2-22
2-23
2-23
2-24
2-25
2-25
2-26
2-26
2-27
2-28
2-29
2-29
2-29
2-29
2-29
2-31
2-32
2-33
2-33
2-35
2-36
2-36
2-36
2-37
2-37
2-37
2-38
2-38
2-38
2-38
Remote Operation ............................................................................... 3-1
Introduction ........................................................................................................
Remote Operation Setup ....................................................................................
RS-232 Remote Serial Interface ....................................................................
Wiring .......................................................................................................
Communication Setup ...............................................................................
USB Remote Interface ...................................................................................
Wiring .......................................................................................................
Communication Setup ...............................................................................
Remote Operation Commands ...........................................................................
Overview of Command Structures ................................................................
Commands by Function or Group .................................................................
Alphabetical List of Serial Commands ..........................................................
ii
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-7
3-13
Contents (continued)
4
Calibration ............................................................................................ 4-1
Introduction ........................................................................................................
Temperature Source Calibration ........................................................................
Fundamentals .................................................................................................
Terminology ..................................................................................................
Calibration Equipment...................................................................................
Temperature Source Specifications ...............................................................
Environmental Conditions .............................................................................
Temperature Source Calibration Procedure...................................................
UUT and Equipment Setup .......................................................................
As Found Data Collection .........................................................................
Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration...........................................................
Uniformity Alignment 2nd Iteration .........................................................
Uniformity Alignment 3rd Iteration ..........................................................
Accuracy Alignment .................................................................................
As Left Accuracy ......................................................................................
As Left Uniformity ....................................................................................
As Left Stability ........................................................................................
Guard Bands ..............................................................................................
9190A Input Panel Calibration ..........................................................................
Fundamentals .................................................................................................
Terminology ..................................................................................................
Calibration Equipment...................................................................................
Environmental Conditions .............................................................................
Input Panel Calibration Procedure .................................................................
Input Panel Calibration/Tests ....................................................................
Readout Specifications ..............................................................................
Reference Accuracy Test ..........................................................................
UUT PRT 4-Wire Test ..............................................................................
UUT PRT 3-Wire Test ..............................................................................
Reference Accuracy Alignment ................................................................
UUT Thermocouple Calibration ...............................................................
Thermocouple Accuracy Test ...................................................................
Thermocouple Reference Junction Accuracy Test....................................
Thermocouple Reference Junction and Accuracy Alignment ...................
Thermocouple Accuracy Alignment .........................................................
4-20 mA Input Calibration ........................................................................
4-20 mA Accuracy Test ............................................................................
24 V Source Test .......................................................................................
4-20 mA Accuracy Alignment ..................................................................
5
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-8
4-9
4-10
4-10
4-12
4-13
4-13
4-14
4-14
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-16
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-18
4-19
4-20
4-21
4-21
4-22
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-23
4-24
4-24
Maintenance and Troubleshooting .................................................... 5-1
Introduction ........................................................................................................
Maintenance .......................................................................................................
Clean the Product ..........................................................................................
Moisture Removal .........................................................................................
Clean the Insert ..............................................................................................
Change the Fuses ...........................................................................................
User-Replaceable Parts and Accessories ...........................................................
Troubleshooting .................................................................................................
iii
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-5
5-5
9190A
Operators Manual
iv
List of Tables
Table
1-1.
2-1.
2-2.
2-3.
2-4.
2-5.
2-6.
2-7.
2-8.
2-9.
2-10.
2-11.
2-12.
2-13.
2-14.
2-15.
2-16.
2-17.
2-18.
2-19.
2-20.
2-21.
2-22.
2-23.
2-24.
2-25.
2-26.
2-27.
2-28.
2-29.
2-30.
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
Title
Symbols ..................................................................................................................
Controller Controls and Indicators .........................................................................
Display and Control Panel......................................................................................
-P Option Panel (Input Panel) ................................................................................
Power and Remote Interface Panel ........................................................................
Main Screen ...........................................................................................................
Parts and Accessories .............................................................................................
Security Levels .......................................................................................................
Menu Navigation ....................................................................................................
Temperature Setup Menu .......................................................................................
Cutout Menu...........................................................................................................
Cooler Status Menu ................................................................................................
Program Setup Menu..............................................................................................
Ramp/Soak Setup Menu .........................................................................................
Test Result Menu ...................................................................................................
Display Setup Menu ...............................................................................................
Communication Setup Menu ..................................................................................
Date and Time Setup Menu ....................................................................................
Calibration Setup Menu .........................................................................................
Control Setup Menu ...............................................................................................
Reference Input Calibration Menu .........................................................................
TC Input Calibration Menu ....................................................................................
mA Input Calibration Menu ...................................................................................
System Information Menu......................................................................................
Select Unit Input Menu ..........................................................................................
RTD Setup Menu ...................................................................................................
TC Setup Menu ......................................................................................................
mA Setup Menu .....................................................................................................
Test UUT Calculation Menu ..................................................................................
Reference Probe Setup Menu .................................................................................
Test Calculation Menu ...........................................................................................
Power and Remote Interface Panel ........................................................................
Communication Setup Menu ..................................................................................
Communication Setup Menu ..................................................................................
Commands by Function or Group ..........................................................................
v
Page
1-4
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-15
2-15
2-16
2-17
2-18
2-18
2-19
2-20
2-21
2-21
2-22
2-22
2-23
2-24
2-25
2-25
2-26
2-27
2-28
3-3
3-5
3-6
3-8
9190A
Operators Manual
3-5.
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
4-4.
4-5.
4-6.
4-7.
4-8.
4-9.
4-10.
4-11.
4-12.
4-13.
4-14.
4-15.
5-1.
5-2.
PROG:SEQ:PAR Parameters .................................................................................
Calibration Terminolgy ..........................................................................................
Calibration Equipment ...........................................................................................
As Found Accuracy Results ...................................................................................
As Found Uniformity Results ................................................................................
As Found Stability Specifications ..........................................................................
Accuracy Calibration Parameter Serial Commands ...............................................
As Left Accuracy Specifications ............................................................................
As Left Uniformity Results ....................................................................................
As Left Stability Specifications..............................................................................
Calibration Terminology ........................................................................................
External Reference Calibration Equipment Specifications ....................................
Standard Resistor Specificatons .............................................................................
Reference Probe and UUT PRT Input Process ......................................................
Thermocouple Input Testing Process .....................................................................
4-20 mA Input Calibration Steps ...........................................................................
User-Replaceable Parts and Accessories................................................................
Troublehooting Chart .............................................................................................
vi
3-19
4-5
4-6
4-8
4-9
4-9
4-12
4-13
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-16
4-16
4-17
4-21
4-23
5-5
5-6
List of Figures
Figure
1-1.
2-2.
2-4.
2-5.
2-7.
2-8.
2-10.
2-12.
2-13.
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
Title
9190A Ultra-Cool Drywell (-P Option Shown) .....................................................
Program Menu ........................................................................................................
Input Menu .............................................................................................................
Clamp-On Ferrite Installation ................................................................................
PRT/RTD Probe Setup ...........................................................................................
Insert Installation and Removal..............................................................................
Set Temperature SETPOINT .................................................................................
Edit SETPOINT Preset ..........................................................................................
Soft Cutout .............................................................................................................
Change the Product Fuses ......................................................................................
Calibration Procedure.............................................................................................
Test Sleeve Orientation ..........................................................................................
vii
Page
1-3
2-14
2-23
2-29
2-32
2-34
2-36
2-37
2-38
4-4
4-5
4-8
9190A
Operators Manual
viii
Chapter 1
Product Overview and Specifications
Title
Product Overview ................................................................................................
Safety Information ...............................................................................................
Manual Set ...........................................................................................................
Contact Fluke Calibration ....................................................................................
Calibration and Repair Information .....................................................................
Specifications .......................................................................................................
Base Unit Specifications..................................................................................
-P Specifications ..............................................................................................
Page
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-5
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-7
1-1
9190A
Operators Manual
1-2
Product Overview and Specifications
Product Overview
1
Product Overview
The Fluke Calibration 9190A Ultra-Cool Drywell (the Product or Calibrator) is a benchtop temperature calibrator that can calibrate precision temperature instruments from
−95 °C to 140 °C (see Figure 1-1).
The Calibrator has two models: the 9190A and the 9190A-P. The 9190A-P is a “Process”
version of the 9190A that combines the heat source with a built-in thermometer input
panel. The Input Panel includes an input for an external reference/control thermometer
that makes it possible to perform a transmitter loop calibration, comparison calibration, or
a simple check of a temperature sensor. In addition, the Input Panel can read resistance
and current from a probe. For probes that require power to operate, the 4-20 mA input has
a loop-power function that can source up to 24 volts of power.
9190
A
-P Option Panel
(Input Panel)
Figure 1-1. 9190A Ultra-Cool Drywell (-P Option Shown)
gzs053.eps
1-3
9190A
Operators Manual
Safety Information
A Warning identifies conditions and procedures that are dangerous to the user. A
Caution identifies conditions and procedures that can cause damage to the Product or the
equipment under test.
See Table 1-1 for a list of symbols used in this manual and on the Calibrator.
Table 1-1. Symbols
Symbol
Description
Symbol
Description

Conforms to European Union
directives

Conforms to relevant North
American Safety Standards.

Risk of Danger. Important
information. See manual.

Conforms to relevant Australian
EMC requirements

Earth ground

Hazardous voltage

This product complies with the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) marking requirements.
The affixed label indicates that you must not discard this electrical/electronic product
in domestic household waste. Product Category: With reference to the equipment
types in the WEEE Directive Annex I, this product is classed as category 9 "Monitoring
and Control Instrumentation” product. Do not dispose of this product as unsorted
municipal waste. Go to Fluke’s website for recycling information.
 Warning
To prevent possible electrical shock, fire, or personal injury:
1-4
•
Read all safety Information before you use the Product.
•
Use the Product only as specified, or the protection
supplied by the Product can be compromised.
•
Use this Product indoors only.
•
Do not use the Product around explosive gas, vapor, or in
damp or wet environments.
•
Do not use and disable the Product if it is damaged.
•
Use only the mains power cord and connector approved for
the voltage and plug configuration in your country and rated
for the Product.
•
Replace the mains power cord if the insulation is damaged
or if the insulation shows signs of wear.
•
Make sure the ground conductor in the mains power cord is
connected to a protective earth ground. Disruption of the
protective earth could put voltage on the chassis that could
cause death.
•
Do not put the Product where access to the mains power
cord is blocked.
•
Use caution when you install and remove probes and
inserts from the Product. They can be hot.
Product Overview and Specifications
Manual Set
•
Do not touch voltages > 30 V ac rms, 42 V ac peak, or
60 V dc.
•
Do not apply more than the rated voltage, between the
terminals or between each terminal and earth ground.
•
Do not touch the well access surface of the instrument.
•
Do not turn off the product at block temperatures higher
than 100 °C. Select a SETPOINT less than 100 °C and let the
instrument to cool before turning it off.
•
Use the correct terminals, function, and range for
measurements.
•
Do not use test leads if they are damaged. Examine the test
leads for damaged insulation, exposed metal, or if the wear
indicator shows. Check test lead continuity.
•
Do not touch the probes to a voltage source when the test
leads are connected to the current terminals.
•
Keep fingers behind the finger guards on the probes.
•
Do not exceed the Measurement Category (CAT) rating of
the lowest rated individual component of a Product, probe,
or accessory.
1
Manual Set
The Calibrator includes an Operators Manual and a Getting Started Manual. Both
manuals are online at www.flukecal.com and on a CD in the Accessory Kit.
This 9190A Operators Manual contains feature information, operation instructions, and
basic user maintenance and troubleshooting information.
The 9190A Getting Started Manual is translated and contains basic information to
quickly set up and use the Calibrator.
The 9190A Product CD contains the Operators Manual, the Getting Started Manual, and
the 9190A Remote Operation interface drivers.
Contact Fluke Calibration
To contact Fluke Calibration, call one of the following telephone numbers:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Technical Support USA: 1-877-355-3225
Calibration/Repair USA: 1-877-355-3225
Canada: 1-800-36-FLUKE (1-800-363-5853)
Europe: +31-40-2675-200
Japan: +81-3-6714-3114
Singapore: +65-6799-5566
China: +86-400-810-3435
Brazil: +55-11-3759-7600
Anywhere in the world: +1-425-446-6110
To see product information and download the latest manual supplements, visit Fluke
Calibration’s website at www.flukecal.com.
To register your product, visit http://flukecal.com/register-product.
1-5
9190A
Operators Manual
Calibration and Repair Information
To schedule and send the Calibrator to Fluke for calibration or repair:
1. Contact the Fluke Calibration Service Center in your area to schedule the calibration
or repair (see “Contact Fluke Calibration” on page 1-5).
2. Pack and secure the Calibrator in a shipment box with a minimum of 2 inches of
packing around the Calibrator to prevent damage.
3. Send the Calibrator to the Service Center.
Specifications
Base Unit Specifications
Temperature Range at 23 °C ................................ –95 °C to 140 °C (–139 °F to 284 °F)
Display Accuracy .................................................. ±0.2 °C Full Range
Accuracy with External Reference
[3]
................. ±0.05 °C Full Range
Stability .................................................................. ±0.015 °C Full Range
Axial Uniformity at 40 mm (1.6 in) ....................... ±0.05 °C Full Range
Radial Gradient ..................................................... ±0.01 °C Full Range
Loading Effect
(with a 6.35 mm reference
probe and three 6.35 mm probes) ...................... ±0.006 °C Full Range
(versus display with
6.35 mm probes)................................................. ±0.25 °C at –95 °C
±0.10 °C at 140 °C
Operating Conditions ........................................... 0 °C to 35 °C, 0 % to 90 %
RH (non-condensing) < 2000 m altitude
Environmental conditions for all
specifications except temperature range ........... 13 °C to 33 °C
Immersion (Well) Depth ........................................ 160 mm (6.3 in)
Well Diameter ........................................................ 30 mm (1.18 in)
Heating Time
Cooling Time
[1]
[1]
..................................................... –95 °C to 140 °C: 40 min
..................................................... 23 °C to –90 °C: 80 min
23 °C to –95 °C: 90 min
140 °C to 23 °C: 60 min
Stabilization Time
[2]
............................................. 15 min
Resolution ............................................................. 0.01 °
Display ................................................................... LCD, °C or °F user selectable
Size (H x W x D) ..................................................... 480 mm x 205 mm x 380 mm (18.8 in x 8.0 in x 14.9 in)
Weight .................................................................... 16 kg (35 lb)
Power Requirements ............................................ 100 V to 115 V (±10 %) 50/60 Hz, 575 W
200 V to 230 V (±10 %) 50/60 Hz, 575 W
System Fuse Ratings............................................ 115 V: 6.3 A T 250 V
230 V: 3.15 A T 250 V
4–20 mA Fuse (-P model only) ............................. 50 mA F 250 V
Computer Interface ............................................... RS-232, USB Serial, and 9930 Interface-it Temperature Calibration
Software included
Safety ..................................................................... IEC 61010-1, Installation Category II, Pollution degree 2
Electromagnetic Environment ............................. IEC 61326-1: Basic
Refrigerants
R32 (Difluoromethane) ....................................... < 20 g, ASHRAE Safety Group A2L
R704 (Helium) ..................................................... < 20 g, ASHRAE Safety Group A1
1-6
Product Overview and Specifications
Specifications
1
-P Specifications
Built-in Reference Thermometer Readout
Accuracy (4-Wire Reference Probe)
[3]
................ ±0.010 °C at –95 °C
±0.013 °C at –25 °C
±0.015 °C at 0 °C
±0.020 °C at 50 °C
±0.025 °C at 140 °C
Reference Resistance Range............................... 0 Ω to 400 Ω
Reference Resistance Accuracy
[4]
..................... 0 Ω to 42 Ω: ±0.0025 Ω
42 Ω to 400 Ω: ±60 ppm of reading
Reference Characterizations ............................... ITS-90, CVD, IEC-751, Resistance
Reference Measurement Capability .................... 4 wire
Reference Probe Connection .............................. 6-Pin Din with INFO-CON Technology
Built-in RTD Thermometer Readout Accuracy .. NI-120: ±0.015 °C at 0 °C
PT-100 (385): ±0.02 °C at 0 °C
PT-100 (3926): ±0.02 °C at 0 °C
PT-100 (JIS): ±0.02 °C at 0 °C
RTD Resistance Range......................................... 0 Ω to 400 Ω
Resistance Accuracy
[4]
....................................... 0 Ω to 25 Ω: ±0.002 Ω
25 Ω to 400 Ω: ±80 ppm of reading
RTD Characterizations ......................................... PT-100 (385),(JIS),(3926), NI-120, Resistance
RTD Measurement Capability .............................. 2-wire, 3-wire, and 4-wire RTD with Jumpers only
RTD Connection .................................................... 4-terminal input
Built-in TC Thermometer Readout Accuracy
[5]
. Type J: ±0.70 °C at 140 °C
Type K: ±0.75 °C at 140 °C
Type T: ±0.60 °C at 140 °C
Type E: ±0.60 °C at 140 °C
Type R: ±1.60 °C at 140 °C
Type S: ±1.60 °C at 140 °C
Type M: ±0.65 °C at 140 °C
Type L: ±0.65 °C at 140 °C
Type U: ±0.70 °C at 140 °C
Type N: ±0.75 °C at 140 °C
Type C: ±1.00 °C at 140 °C
TC Millivolt Range ................................................. –10 mV to 75 mV
Voltage Accuracy .................................................. 0.025 % of reading +0.01 mV
Internal Cold Junction
Compensation Accuracy ...................................... ±0.35 °C (ambient of 13 °C to 33 °C)
TC Connection ...................................................... Miniature Connectors (ASTM E1684)
Built-in mA Readout Accuracy ............................ 0.02 % of reading + 0.002 mA
mA Range .............................................................. Cal 4-22 mA, Spec 4-24 mA
mA Connection ..................................................... 2 terminal input
Loop Power Function ........................................... 24 VDC loop power
Built-in Electronics Temperature Coefficient
(0 °C to 13 °C, 33 °C to 50 °C)............................... ±0.005 % of range per °C
Notes:
[1] – For ambient temperature of 23 °C.
[2] – Time from when the SETPOINT is reached to when the unit is with in Stability specification.
[3] – The temperature range may be limited by the reference probe connected to the readout. The built-in Reference Accuracy does not
include the sensor probe accuracy. It does not include the probe uncertainty or probe characterization errors.
[4] – Measurement accuracy specifications apply within the operating range and assume 4 wires for PRTs. With 3-wire RTDs add 0.05 Ω
to the measurement accuracy plus the maximum possible difference between the resistances of the lead wires.
[5] – The thermocouple input readout is sensitive to EM fields in the frequency range of 500 MHz to 700 MHz.
1-7
9190A
Operators Manual
1-8
Chapter 2
Operation
Title
Introduction ..........................................................................................................
Calibrator Features ...............................................................................................
Display and Control Panel ...............................................................................
-P Option Panel (Input Panel)..........................................................................
Power and Remote Interface Panel ..................................................................
Startup and Main Screen .................................................................................
Calibrator Setup ...................................................................................................
Unpack and Inspect .........................................................................................
Placement ........................................................................................................
Connect to Mains Power .................................................................................
Turn On the Product ........................................................................................
Change Language ............................................................................................
Set Display Contrast ........................................................................................
Toggle Key Beep On or Off ............................................................................
Security and Password .....................................................................................
Menus and Menu Navigation ...............................................................................
Temperature Setup Menu (TEMP SETUP) .....................................................
Temperature Setup ......................................................................................
Cutout ..........................................................................................................
Cooler Status ...............................................................................................
Program Menu (PROG MENU) ......................................................................
Program Setup .............................................................................................
Ramp/Soak ..................................................................................................
Test Result (-P Only) ..................................................................................
System Menu (SYSTEM MENU) ...................................................................
Display Setup ..............................................................................................
Communications Setup ...............................................................................
Date/Time Setup (-P Only) .........................................................................
Calibration Setup Menu ...................................................................................
Calibration Points Setup ..............................................................................
Control Setup ..............................................................................................
Reference Input Calibration (-P Only) ........................................................
TC Input Calibration (-P Only) ...................................................................
mA Input Calibration (-P Only) ..................................................................
System Information .....................................................................................
Input Setup Menu (INPUT SETUP) ................................................................
Select Unit Input Menu (-P Only) ...............................................................
RTD Setup...................................................................................................
Page
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-8
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-9
2-9
2-9
2-10
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-14
2-15
2-15
2-16
2-17
2-17
2-18
2-18
2-19
2-19
2-20
2-21
2-21
2-22
2-22
2-23
2-23
2-24
2-1
9190A
Operators Manual
TC Setup .....................................................................................................
mA Setup.....................................................................................................
Test UUT Calculation .................................................................................
REF Input Menu..........................................................................................
Reference Probe Setup ................................................................................
Test Calculation Menu ................................................................................
Probe Preparation .................................................................................................
Clamp-On Ferrites ...........................................................................................
Reference PRT Connection Preparation ..........................................................
4-Wire Reference Probe Wiring Instructions ..............................................
2-Wire Reference Probe Wiring Instructions ..............................................
Reference Probe Input Setup .......................................................................
PRT/RTD Connection Preparation ..................................................................
Operation .............................................................................................................
Insert Installation and Removal Procedure ......................................................
Probe Insertion and Removal Procedure .........................................................
Set Temperature...............................................................................................
Set the Temperature SETPOINT Manually ................................................
Set the Temperature with a Preset SETPOINT ...........................................
Change a Preset SETPOINT .......................................................................
Cancel or Stop Temperature Change ...............................................................
Set a Soft Cutout..............................................................................................
Reset an Over-Temperature Cutout .................................................................
Programs (Automated Tests) ...........................................................................
Run a Program.............................................................................................
Stop a Program ............................................................................................
2-2
2-25
2-25
2-26
2-26
2-27
2-28
2-29
2-29
2-29
2-29
2-29
2-31
2-32
2-33
2-33
2-35
2-36
2-36
2-36
2-37
2-37
2-37
2-38
2-38
2-38
2-38
Operation
Introduction
2
Introduction
This chapter supplies instructions on how to set up and operate the Calibrator. The
control panels and features of the Calibrator are described first, followed by setup, menus,
and operation.
Calibrator Features
Table 2-1 identifies and describes the panels on the front of the Calibrator.
Table 2-1. The 9190A Front Panel
9190A-P Model
9190A Model
9190A
9190A
1
1
2
3
3
gzs046.eps
Item
Name
gzs001.eps
Function

Display and Control Panel
Control panel and display. See “Display and Control Panel” on
page 2-4.

-P Option Panel (Input Panel)
Input panel used to connect to external sensors and probes.
Panel is only available on the “-P” model. See “-P Option Panel”
on page 2-5.

Power and Remote Interface
Panel
Power module and Remote Interface Panel. See “Power and
Remote Interface Panel” on page 2-6.
2-3
9190A
Operators Manual
Display and Control Panel
Table 2-2 shows and describes the function of each button on the Control Panel.
Table 2-2. Display and Control Panel
4
5
1
2
9190A
9
3
8
7
6
gzs002.eps
Item
Name
Function

Display
Shows block temperature, measurements, status information, operating
parameters, and softkey functions. The contrast of the display is adjustable.
To adjust the contrast, push ▲ to increase contrast or ▼ to decrease
contrast while the Main screen is shown.

Arrow Keys
▲▼◄►
Navigates through menu selections, increases or decreases numbers, and
scrolls menus up or down.

Enter Key 
Selects menus and sets new values.

SET Point Key 
Set a SETPOINT temperature to heat or cool to.
Switches the displayed temperature units between °C and °F. Key is
enabled only when the Main screen is shown.

°C/°F Key 

Menu Key 
Opens the Main menu. See “Menus and Menu Navigation” on page 2-10 for
information on each menu and the settings found in the menus.

Exit Key 
Cancels all changes and navigates back to the previous menu.

Softkeys

Navigates the menus on the display. The functions of the softkeys are
shown on the display above the buttons.

Block Temperature
Indicator

Note
This key is disabled in some regions of the world.
Visual safety indicator that illuminates when the block temperature is unsafe
and extinguishes when the block temperature is safe. If the block
temperature is unsafe and the Calibrator is turned off or the mains power
cord is disconnected, the indicator flashes until the block temperature cools
to a safe temperature. Do not transport or remove Inserts until the indicator
is off.
 Warning
For safe operation and maintenance of the product, do not
remove Inserts when the Block Temperature indicator is
illuminated.
2-4
Operation
Calibrator Features
2
-P Option Panel (Input Panel)
Table 2-3 shows and describes the connectors and ports on the -P Option Panel. The
optional process version -P Option Panel is also referred to as the Input Panel.
Table 2-3. -P Option Panel (Input Panel)
2
4
3
1
5
gzs003.eps
Item
Name
Function
Connect a Reference PRT probe to the Calibrator for use with the
reference thermometer function. The Reference Thermometer Input
accepts 4-wire or 2-wire traditional 6-pin DIN Smart Connectors (see
“Reference PRT Connection Preparation” on page 2-29).

Reference
Thermometer Input
(REF PRT)
The Reference Thermometer Input can store calculated probe calibration
coefficients. Coefficient values can be manually keyed into the readout or
a characterization curve can be selected through the user interface.
Note
A Platinum Resistance Thermometer (PRT) is the only type of
probe that is supported by the Reference Thermometer Input.

4-20 mA Connectors
Connect a 4-20 mA transmitter to the Calibrator. The 4-20 mA
Connectors can supply a low voltage (24 V) to power a transmitter. See
“mA Setup” on page 2-25.

4-Wire PRT/RTD
Connector
Connect a 4-wire, 3-wire, or 2-wire PRT/RTDs to be tested to the input.
See “PRT/RTD Connection Preparation” on page 2-30.

Thermocouple (TC)
Connector
Connect a thermocouple to be tested that is fitted with a subminiature
thermocouple (TC) connector.

Fuse
Fuse for the 4-20 mA circuit. See Chapter 4 for fuse replacement
instructions.
2-5
9190A
Operators Manual
Power and Remote Interface Panel
Table 2-4 shows and describes the connectors and ports on the Power and Remote
Interface Panel.
Table 2-4. Power and Remote Interface Panel
3
1
2
4
5
gzs004.eps
Item
Name
Function

Mains Power Cord
Receptacle
Receptacle for the mains power cord. Use an AC mains supply
appropriate for the voltage range and region of use.

Power Switch
Turn on (I) and turn off (O) the Calibrator.
9-pin Subminiature
Transmits measurements and remotely controls the operation of
the instrument. See Chapter 3, “Remote Operation”.

Serial Connector (RS-232)

USB Serial Connector
Transmits measurements and remotely controls the operation of
the instrument. See Chapter 3, “Remote Operation”.

Fuse
Product fuse. See Chapter 4 for fuse replacement instructions.
Startup and Main Screen
When the Calibrator turns on, the system initializes, does a self-check, then shows a
startup screen that shows the model number and firmware version information. If the selfcheck finds an error, the error is shown on the Startup screen. Contact Fluke Calibration
if an error shows on the Startup screen.
After the start-up initialization is complete, the Startup screen disappears and the Main
screen shows on the display. Table 2-4 shows and describes the indicators on the Main
screen.
2-6
Operation
Calibrator Features
2
Table 2-5. Main Screen
-80.01 °C
1
SETPT: -80.00°C
COOL:
67%
5
2
6
REF : -79.964 °C
TC-T : -79.81 °C
3
4
gzs005.eps
Item
Name
Function

Block Temperature
Temperature of the internal temperature block.

SETPOINT
Temperature
Target SETPOINT temperature. A set temperature value is referred to as
a “SETPOINT”. The Calibrator uses the SETPOINT value to know what
temperature to heat or cool to.

Reference
Temperature [-P Only]
Shows the most recent reference measurement when a Reference PRT
probe is connected and set up. See “Reference PRT Connection
Preparation” on page 2-29.

UUT Output [-P Only]
Shows the most recent UUT output measurement of a probe that is
connected and setup. The value shown depends on the output type
selected in the Input Setup Menu (see page 2-23).
Heating/Cooling
Status
Shows the mode the calibrator is in. The modes are: OFF, COOL, HEAT,
and CUTOUT. The bar under the mode corresponds to the percent
heating or cooling. The bar is blank at 0 % when HEATING or COOLING
is off or not necessary. The bar is completely dark at 100 % HEATING or
COOLING. CUTOUT is a feature that shuts off power to the heat source if
the well temperature exceeds the set limit value. CUTOUT shows when a
limit has been exceeded. For more information on CUTOUT, see “Cutout”
on page 2-13.

Visually shows if the block temperature is stable and within the Stability
Limits.

Stability Status
Indicator
When temperature of the internal temperature block is not within the
Stability Limits, the indicator shows a wavy line (). When the
temperature is within the Stability Limits, the indicator shows as a flat line
(---) which indicates that a measurement can be made. See “Stability
Limits” on page 2-12.
Note
To prevent inaccurate measurements, do not make
measurements until the Stability Indicator shows as a flat
line (---).
2-7
9190A
Operators Manual
Calibrator Setup
Unpack and Inspect
Unpack the instrument carefully and examine it for any damage that could have occurred
during shipment. If there is shipping damage, notify the Fluke Calibration and the carrier
immediately. Table 2-6 lists the equipment and the accessories that comes with the
Calibrator. Verify that all the equipment and accessories in Table 2-6 are in the box.
Table 2-6. Parts and Accessories
Name
Quantity
9190-INSX Insert (X=A, B, C, D, E, or F)
1
2-meter (6-foot) Mains Power Cord
1
USB Cable
1
Getting Started Manual
1
Product CD that contains manuals and remote interface driver files
1
9930 Interface-it Calibration Software and Users Guide
1
Report of Calibration and Calibration Label
1
Well Insulator Cap
1
Insert Removal Tool
1
Clamp-on Ferrites (-P model only)
4
6-pin DIN Connector (-P model only)
1
Test Lead Kit (-P model only)
1
Placement
Put the Calibrator on a clean, flat surface. Make sure the Calibrator is 150 mm (6 inches)
away from all objects. For best results, choose a location to set up the Product where
room temperature changes are minimum.
 Warning
To prevent possible fire or personal injury:
2-8
•
Do not operate Product in orientations other than upright. A
fire hazard can be made if the Product is put on its side.
•
Do not remove Inserts when the Product shows
temperatures more than 50 °C.
•
Do not operate near flammable materials.
•
Do not touch the well access surface of the Product.
•
Do not turn off the Product when the temperature is above
100 °C. Set a SETPOINT temperature below 100 °C and let
the Product cool.
Operation
Calibrator Setup
2
 Caution
For safe operation and maintenance of the Product:
•
Energize the Product for a 2-hour dry-out period before use, if the
Product was:
o
In transport
o
In a humid or semi-humid storage environment
o
Not energized for more than 10 days
If the product is wet or has been in a wet environment, take
necessary measures to remove moisture prior to applying
power.
•
Always operate this Product on a flat, level, stable surface.
•
Do not store the Product at temperatures above 50 °C. The
Product has a refrigeration system and contains gasses
under pressure.
•
Do not turn the Product upside down. The inserts will fall
out.
•
To prevent damage to the cooling system, do not tilt the
Product on its side or upside down while the Product is
operating.
Connect to Mains Power
Use the 2-meter (6-foot) mains power cord to connect the Product to a 120 V ac or 230 V
ac outlet rated for at least 15 amps.
Turn On the Product
1. Push the “I” side of the power switch on the front panel of the Calibrator.
2. Monitor the Startup screen for errors while the product turns on. If an error shows,
contact Fluke Calibration.
Change Language
To change the display language:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Push .
5. Push  or  to highlight a language.
6. Push  to set language.
Note
If the incorrect language is set by accident, push softkeys  and  at
the same time to temporarily switch back to the English language.
Set Display Contrast
With the Main screen shown in the display, push  to increase or push  to decrease
display contrast.
2-9
9190A
Operators Manual
Toggle Key Beep On or Off
With the Main screen shown in the display, push  and  at the same time to
enable or disable key beep.
Security and Password
The Calibrator has two user-level access security levels (Low and High) to protect from
undesired changes to the settings (see Table 2-7). The Calibrator comes from the factory
with the security level set to High and a default password of “1234”.
If the password is not available, the information can still be viewed. To view the
information without the password, push  twice or push  when prompted for the
password. The information is then shown on the screen, but cannot be changed.
Note
The Calibrator does not have a password reset function. If the password is
lost, contact Fluke Calibration for password reset assistance.
Table 2-7. Security Levels
Security Level
Definition
Low
Protects the specific metrological information and calibration information settings.
High
Protects all operating parameters. It is intended to minimize user choices, for example
to perform repeated identical calibrations under consistent conditions.
To change the password:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Enter the current 4-digit password to open the password screen (the default factory
password is 1234).
5. Push  and  to highlight a digit then push  to increase the digit or push  to
decrease the digit.
6. Push  to save the password.
To change the security level:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Enter the current 4-digit password to open the password screen (the default factory
password is 1234).
5. Push  and  to highlight HIGH or LOW.
6. Push  to save the selection.
2-10
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
Menus and Menu Navigation
The Main menu () contains four submenus that supply access to all features, tools,
and functions. The four submenus are: Temperature Setup, Program Setup, System, and
Input Setup.
Table 2-8 shows and describes the buttons used to navigate the submenus.
Table 2-8. Menu Navigation
Button




Navigation Function
Function softkeys to open submenus.
Scroll menus, increases or decreases values, and highlights selections.
Saves changes and navigates to the next menu.
Cancels all changes and navigates back to the Main menu.
Temperature Setup Menu (TEMP SETUP)
The Temperature Setup menu contains Field Metrology Well functions related to
temperature setup. The TEMP SETUP menu has three submenus: SETUP, CUTOUT,
and STATUS.
66.03°C
TEMERATURE SETUP MENU
SETUP
CUTOUT
STATUS
Figure 2-1. Temperature Setup Menu
gzs006.eps
2-11
9190A
Operators Manual
Temperature Setup
Table 2-9 shows and describes the menu selections on the Temperature Setup menu.
Table 2-9. Temperature Setup Menu
66.03°C
TEMP
SETUP
SETUP
TEMPERATURE SETUP
1
SCAN RATE: 180.00 °C/m
2
STABLE LIMIT: 0.04 °C
MENU
3
STABLE ALARM: ON
CONTROL SENSOR: INTERNAL
4
gzs007.eps
Item
Function
SCAN RATE sets the rate at which the Calibrator heats or cools in degrees per minute (°C/min or
°F/min). The Scan Rate can be set from 0.1 °C/min to 500 °C/min (0.2 °F/min to 900 °F/min).

Note
The actual Scan Rate is limited to the natural rate the Product heats and cools. This
is less than the maximum Scan Rate setting.
STABLE LIMIT sets the temperature stability parameter the Calibrator uses to determine when
the temperature is stable enough to make a measurement.
When the temperature is within the range of the Stable Limit, the Calibrator shows a flat bar (---)
on the Main screen (Stability Status Indicator) and audibly sounds the Stable Alarm if it is set to
ON (see item ). The Stable Alarm sounds once per SETPOINT.

Example: A specific calibration process requires the instrument to operate within ±0.1°C. “0.1” is
entered into the Stability Limit parameter. When the block temperature is within ±0.1°C, the
Stability Status indicator on the Main screen changes to a flat line (---) and the Stable Alarm
sounds once.
Note
The 9190A and 9190A-P should not be expected to operate better than the stability
specification found in the Specifications section of this manual. Thus, the minimum setting of
the Stability Limit should not be less than the stability specification. See the “Base Unit
Specifications” in Chapter 1.

STABLE ALARM turns on or turns off the audible Stable Alarm that sounds when the block
temperature is within the Stable Limit. See item .
[-P Only]
sets the Calibrator to use the internal sensor or an external sensor to
CONTROL SENSOR
control the block temperature. The Control Sensor setting has two options: Internal and Reference.
Note
Use of an external sensor such as a PRT can result in improved temperature accuracy.

Internal tells the Calibrator to use the internal sensor for temperature control. In return, it relies on
its own calibration for accuracy.
Reference tells the Calibrator to use a PRT that is connected to the Reference Probe input
(REF PRT) for temperature control. In this mode, the temperature of the reference PRT is
measured and shown on the Main screen, and the block temperature is automatically adjusted so
that the temperature of the Reference PRT aligns with the SETPOINT.
2-12
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
Cutout
Table 2-10 shows and describes the menu selections on the Cutout menu.
Table 2-10. Cutout Menu
66.03°C
TEMP
SETUP
CUTOUT
CUTOUT
SOFT CUTOUT:
1
150 °C
HARD CUTOUT: 160 °C
MENU
gzs008.eps
Item
Function
SOFT CUTOUT and HARD CUTOUT are limit parameters that shut off power to the heat source
if the well temperature exceeds the set limit value.
The Soft Cutout is a safety barrier to protect probes from temperatures more than their specified
temperature limits.
The Hard Cutout protects the Calibrator from irreparable internal damage. See “Set Soft Cutout”
on page 2-37.

Note
The Soft Cutout is user configurable and should be set within 5 °C to 10 °C above the
temperature limit of the instrument being calibrated. The Hard Cutout is not user
configurable and is set by the factory to approximately 160 °C.
If the cutout is activated because of an excessive well temperature, the Calibrator enters a
“Cutout mode” where power to the heat source is shut off to immediately cool the Calibrator and
instrument. When in Cutout mode, the instrument displays “CUTOUT” above the Stability Status
indicator. The instrument stays in Cutout mode until the temperature is below the cutout
SETPOINT and the cutout is reset. See “Reset an Over-Temperature Cutout” on page 2-38.
2-13
9190A
Operators Manual
Cooler Status
Table 2-11 shows and describes the menu selections on the Cooler Status menu.
Note
The information on the Cooler Status menu is not editable. Fluke
Calibration Service Center personnel use this information to help
troubleshoot the system if a malfunction occurs.
Table 2-11. Cooler Status Menu
66.03°C
COOLER STATUS
TEMP
SETUP
TEMPERATURE:
STATUS
27.99 °C
SELF TEST: OK
MENU
HEAT BALANCE: 0.000
1
2
3
gzs009.eps
Item
Function

TEMPERATURE shows the temperature of the condenser.

SELF TEST shows the Stirling Cooler self-test result.

HEAT BALANCE shows the power difference between the top and bottom heaters.
Program Menu (PROG MENU)
The Program menu supplies access to the automated and manual program selections (see
Figure 2-2). A Program is a test that can be configured and run to calibrate an instrument.
66.03°C
PROGRAM MENU
RUN
PROG
RAMP/
SOAK
TEST
RESULT
Figure 2-2. Program Menu
2-14
gzs010.eps
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
Program Setup
Table 2-12 shows and describes the menu selections on the Program Setup menu.
Table 2-12. Program Setup Menu
PROG
MENU
66.03°C
RUN
PROG
PROGRAM SETUP
TEST STATUS: OFF
MENU
1
2
RECORD DATA: NO
3
TEST ID: 0
gzs011.eps
Item
Function

TEST STATUS starts (ON) or stops (OFF) a Program.

RECORD DATA [-P Only] turns on (YES) or turns off (NO) the data record function of the Program.

TEST ID [-P Only] is a unique identification of the Program. The identification can be an alphanumeric entry up to 16 characters in length.
Ramp/Soak
Table 2-13 shows and describes the menu selections on the Ramp/Soak Setup menu.
Table 2-13. Ramp/Soak Setup Menu
66.03°C
RAMP/SOAK SETUP
PROG
MENU
RAMP/
SOAK
NO. SETPOINTS: 8
SOAK TIME: 15 MIN
MENU
DIRECTION:
PASS TOLERENCE:
2
3
NO. CYCLES: 1
SET
POINTS
1
1.80 °C
4
5
6
gzs013.eps
Item
Function

NO. SETPOINTS is the number of SETPOINTS for a Program. Eight SETPOINTs can be set for
the program. Set the maximum number of SETPOINTS necessary.

SOAK TIME is the duration (in minutes) that each of the programmed SETPOINTS temperature is
maintained. The time starts when the temperature settles to within the specified stability. The
Stability Limit is set in the Temperature Setup menu (see page 2-12).

NO. CYCLES is the number of times that the Program is repeated.
2-15
9190A
Operators Manual
Table 2-13. Ramp/Soak Setup Menu (cont.)
Item
Function

DIRECTION controls whether the SETPOINTS are sequenced in one direction “→” (ascending
from 1 to 8) or in both directions “  ” (ascending from 1 to 8 and then descending from 8 to 1)
before the sequence is repeated. If the both directions option is selected, the Program sequences
from the first SETPOINT to the last and then reverses direction sequencing from the last to the
first.

PASS TOLERANCE [-P Only] is the allowable tolerance condition for the test and is used to highlight
test points that have large errors.

SETPOINTS MENU opens a menu to set each of the SETPOINTS for the Program. Only the
number of SETPOINTS defined by NO. SETPOINTS will be displayed.
Test Result (-P Only)
Table 2-14 shows and describes the menu selections on the Test Result menu. This menu
is available on the -P Model only.
Table 2-14. Test Result Menu
66.03°C
PROG
MENU
TEST RESULT MENU
TEST
RESULT
MENU
VIEW
TEST
PRINT
TEST
1
ERASE
TEST
2
3
gzs012.eps
Item
2-16
Function

VIEW TEST [-P Only] opens a menu where test results can be viewed.

[-P Only]
opens a menu to select a programs results and transmit them to a PC to be
PRINT TEST
printed. The data is transmitted from the RS-232 or USB port in ASCII format. Terminal emulator
or other software can be used to receive the data and save it to a text file on a computer.

ERASE TESTS [-P Only] opens a menu to erase test results.
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
System Menu (SYSTEM MENU)
The System menu lets the user set up the display settings, communications protocol,
date/time settings (-P model only), password settings, calibrations settings, and view
system information (see Figure 2-3).
66.03°C
SYSTEM MENU
SYSTEM
SETUP
PASS
WORD
CALIB
SYSTEM
INFO
gzs014.eps
Figure 2-3. System Menu
Display Setup
Table 2-15 shows and describes the menu selections on the Display Setup menu.
Table 2-15. Display Setup Menu
SYSTEM
MENU
SYSTEM
SETUP
DISPLY
SETUP
MENU
66.03°C
DISPLAY SETUP
1
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH
2
DECIMAL: PERIOD
KEY AUDIO: ON
3
gzs015.eps
Item
Function

LANGUAGE sets the display language. See “Change Language” on page 2-9.

DECIMAL set the decimal separator to be a period (.) or a comma (,).
KEY AUDIO turns on (ON) or turns off (OFF) the key-beep sound. See “Toggle Key Beep On or
Off” on page 2-10.

Note
With the Main screen shown in the display, push  and  at the same time to
quickly toggle key beep on or off.
2-17
9190A
Operators Manual
Communications Setup
Table 2-16 shows and describes the menu selections on the Communication Setup menu.
Table 2-16. Communication Setup Menu
66.03°C
1
COMMUNICATION SETUP
SYSTEM
MENU
SYSTEM
SETUP
COMM
SETUP
BAUD RATE: 9600
2
LINEFEED: ON
MENU
gzs016.eps
tem
Function

BAUD RATE is the serial communication transmission rate or baud rate. BAUD can be set to
1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, or 38400 baud.

LINEFEED turns on or turns off transmission of a line feed character (LF, ASCII 10) after
transmission of a carriage-return.
Date/Time Setup (-P Only)
Table 2-17 shows and describes the menu selections on the Date and Time Setup menu.
Table 2-17. Date and Time Setup Menu
66.03°C
SYSTEM
MENU
SYSTEM
SETUP
DATE
TIME
DATE/TIME SETUP
1
TIME: 12:00:00
2
DATE: 2000-01-01
MENU
REPORT DATES: DD/MM/YYYY
3
gzs017.eps
Item
2-18
Function

TIME [-P Only] sets the internal time of the instrument. The Product uses a 24-hour clock.

DATE [-P Only] sets the date for the date and time stamp function.

REPORT DATE [-P Only] sets the date format used in the reports.
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
Calibration Setup Menu
The Calibration Setup menu supplies access to all calibration parameters for the
Calibrator. Calibration parameters are set at the factory when the instrument is calibrated.
Access to these parameters is protected by a password to prevent unauthorized changes
that could make the Calibrator inoperable. These parameters require periodic adjustments
by trained, knowledgeable personnel to maintain the accuracy of the instrument. For
Calibration instructions, see Chapter 4.
Caution
Do not change the values of the control parameters from the
factory set values. Calibration parameters must be correct for
the instrument to function properly.
Calibration Points Setup
Table 2-18 shows and describes the menu selections on the Calibration Points Setup
menu.
Table 2-18. Calibration Setup Menu
SYSTEM
MENU
CALIB
CAL
POINTS
MENU
1
66.03°C
2
CALIBRATION POINTS
3
TEMP 1: -0.218
TEMP 2: -0.172
TEMP 3: -0.201
GRAD TEMP: -0.004°C
GRAD 1: -0.029
GRAD 2: -0.013
GRAD 3: 0.062
CAL DATE: 2012-05-01
4
5
6
7
8
gzs019.eps
Item
Function

TEMP 1 sets the offset in °C for the heat source accuracy at the 1st calibration point.

TEMP 2 sets the offset in °C for the heat source accuracy at the 2nd calibration point.

TEMP 3 sets the offset in °C for the heat source accuracy at the 3rd calibration point.

GRAD TEMP is a view only parameter that shows the gradient temperature. Fluke Calibration
Service Center personnel use this to help troubleshoot the system if a malfunction occurs.

GRAD 1 sets the offset for the top zone heater control for the axial gradient calibration at the 1st
calibration point.

GRAD 2 sets the offset for the top zone heater control for the axial gradient calibration at the 2nd
calibration point.

GRAD 3 sets the offset for the top zone heater control for the axial gradient calibration at the 3rd
calibration point.

CAL DATE is the calibration date for the Calibrator.
2-19
9190A
Operators Manual
Control Setup
Table 2-19 shows and describes the menu selections on the Control Setup menu.
Table 2-19. Control Setup Menu
SYSTEM
MENU
1
66.03°C
CALIB
CONTRL
MENU
2
CONTROL SETUP
TEMP PB:
TEMP INT:
TEMP DER:
GRAD PB:
GRAD INT:
REF PB:
REF INT:
REF DER:
3
10.0
100.0
8.0
20.0
150.0
10.0
100.0
8.0
4
5
6
7
8
gzs020.eps
2-20
Item
Function

TEMP PB sets the main zone proportional band and the gain in °C that the proportional-integralderivative (PID) controller uses for main zone control.

TEMP INT sets the main zone integral, which is the integration time in seconds that the PID
controller uses for main zone control.

TEMP DER sets the main zone derivative, which is the derivative time in seconds that the PID
controller uses for main zone control.

GRAD PB sets the gradient proportional band and the gain in °C at the proportional-integralderivative (PID) controller uses for gradient zone control.

GRAD INT sets the gradient integral, which is the integration time in seconds that the PID
controller uses for gradient zone control.

REF PB sets the main zone proportional band like item  when an external reference probe is
used for control.

REF INT sets the main zone integral like item  when an external reference probe is used
control.

REF DER sets the main zone derivative like item  when an external reference probe is used
for control.
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
Reference Input Calibration (-P Only)
Table 2-20 shows and describes the menu selections on the Reference Input Calibration
menu. This menu is available on the -P Model only.
Table 2-20. Reference Input Calibration Menu
SYSTEM
MENU
66.03°C
CAL
REF
CALIB
REFERENCE INPUT CALIBRATION
REF CO:
REF C100:
INPUT CAL DATE:
MENU
-0.0001
0.0028
2012-05-01
1
2
3
gzs021.eps
Item
Function

REF C0 [-P Only] adjusts the first calibration point for the reference resistance.

REF C100 [-P Only] adjusts the second calibration point for the reference resistance.

INPUT CAL DATE [-P Only] is the calibration date for the readout.
TC Input Calibration (-P Only)
Table 2-21 shows and describes the menu selections on the TC Input Calibration menu.
This menu is available on the -P Model only.
Table 2-21. TC Input Calibration Menu
SYSTEM
MENU
CALIB
CAL
UUT
66.03°C
CAL TC
MENU
TC INPUT CALIBRATION
TC CO:
TC C100:
TC CRJ:
INPUT CAL DATE:
-0.0386
-0.0992
3.7754
2012-05-01
1
2
3
4
gzs022.eps
Item
Function

TC C0 [-P Only] adjusts the measurement at 0 mV.

TC C100 [-P Only] adjusts the measurement at 100 mV.

TC CRJ [-P Only] adjusts the reference junction temperature measurement.

INPUT CAL DATE [-P Only] is the calibration date for the TC input.
2-21
9190A
Operators Manual
mA Input Calibration (-P Only)
Table 2-22 shows and describes the menu selections on the mA Input Calibration menu.
This menu is available on the -P Model only.
Table 2-22. mA Input Calibration Menu
SYSTEM
MENU
CALIB
CAL
UUT
66.03°C
1
2
mA INPUT CALIBRATION
CAL mA
mA C4:
mA C22:
INPUT CAL DATE:
MENU
-0.0075
-0.0044
2012-05-01
3
gzs023.eps
Item
Function

mA C4 [-P Only] adjusts the measurement at 4 mA.

mA C22 [-P Only] adjusts the measurement at 22 mA.

INPUT CAL DATE [-P Only] is the calibration date for the measurement function of the Calibrator.
System Information
Table 2-22 shows and describes the menu selections on the System Information menu.
Table 2-23. System Information Menu
SYSTEM
MENU
66.03°C
SYSTEM
INFO
SYSTEM INFORMATION
MODEL:
SERIAL:
FW VER:
CAL DATE:
INPUT CAL DATE:
MENU
9190
022
0.221/0.548
2012-05-01
01/05/2012
1
2
3
4
5
gzs024.eps
Item
2-22
Function

MODEL shows the model number of the Calibrator.

SERIAL shows the serial number of the Calibrator.

FW VER shows the firmware version of the Calibrator.

CAL DATE shows the calibration date of the heat source.

INPUT CAL DATE [-P Only] shows the calibration date for the readout or the -P module.
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
Input Setup Menu (INPUT SETUP)
The Input menu (INPUT MENU) supplies access to the parameters related to the -P
module (process version) or readout function. The parameters found in this menu affect
the performance, accuracy and display type of reference PRTs and UUTs used (see
Figure 2-4). The menus in this section are available on the -P Model only.
66.03°C
INPUT MENU
SELECT
INPUT
SETUP
INPUT
REF
INPUT
gzs026.eps
Figure 2-4. Input Menu
Select Unit Input Menu (-P Only)
Table 2-24 shows and describes the menu selections on the Select Unit Input menu. This
menu is available on the -P Model only.
Table 2-24. Select Unit Input Menu
66.03°C
SELECT UNIT INPUT
INPUT
SETUP
SELECT
INPUT
1
SENSOR TYPE: TC
MENU
gzs025.eps
Item

Function
SENSOR TYPE sets the active input for the instrument connected. Selections are: mA, TC, and
RTD.
2-23
9190A
Operators Manual
RTD Setup
Table 2-25 shows and describes the menu selections on the RTD Setup menu.
Note
The selections in the SETUP INPUT menu is dependent on the Sensor Type
selected in the SELECT INPUT menu. The SETUP INPUT menu is used to
set up the UUT input or to run the test algorithm.
Table 2-25. RTD Setup Menu
66.03°C
RTD SETUP
INPUT
SETUP
SETUP
INPUT
RTD
SETUP
1
2
WIRES: 3
RTD TYPE: RESISTANCE
MENU
gzs027.eps
Item

Function
WIRES configures the RTD input for a 2, 3, or 4-wire input.
RTD TYPE sets up the conversion type for the RTD. RTD characterization types include
PT100(385), PT100(392), PT100(ITS), NI-120, and RESISTANCE.

2-24
Note
When RESISTANCE is selected the RTD resistance is shown instead of
temperature.
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
TC Setup
Table 2-26 shows and describes the menu selections on the TC Setup menu.
Table 2-26. TC Setup Menu
66.03°C
1
TC SETUP
INPUT
SETUP
SETUP
INPUT
TC
SETUP
TC TYPE: TC-E
MENU
gzs028.eps
Item
Function
TC TYPE sets the thermocouple conversion type. Standard thermocouple conversions include
types C, E, J, K, L, M, N, R, S, T, and U.

Notes
When mV is selected, the TC Type shows the measurement in uncompensated
millivolts rather than temperature.
The cold junction compensation is measured at the input, automatically computed,
then read by the Calibrator.
mA Setup
Table 2-27 shows and describes the menu selections on the mA Setup menu.
Table 2-27. mA Setup Menu
66.03°C
1
mA SETUP
INPUT
SETUP
SETUP
INPUT
mA
SETUP
LOOP POWER: ENABLE 24V
MENU
gzs029.eps
Item

Function
LOOP POWER turns on or turns off the 24 V loop power.
2-25
9190A
Operators Manual
Test UUT Calculation
Table 2-28 shows and describes the menu selections on the Test UUT Calculation menu.
Use this function to verify the accuracy of temperature calculations.
Table 2-28. Test UUT Calculation Menu
66.03°C
1
TEST UUT CALCULATION
INPUT
SETUP
SETUP
INPUT
TEST
CALC
SENSOR TYPE: TC
INPUT: 0.0000 mV
MENU
(TEMPERATURE: 0.000 °F)
2
3
gzs030.eps
Item
Function

SENSOR TYPE selects the type of sensor for which the temperature calculation is to be tested.

INPUT sets the resistance value or thermocouple millivolt value for the probe connected.

TEMPERATURE shows the calculated temperature for the selected Sensor Type and resistance
or millivolt value.
REF Input Menu
The REF INPUT menu contains the parameters for the reference input to the readout
module of the Calibrator. The Reference Input is only compatible with PRTs with ITS90, Callendar-Van Dusen, or IEC-751 coefficients. Additionally, the Reference Input can
read straight resistance instead of temperature.
The probe serial number and coefficients can be found on the calibration certificate that
was shipped with the probe. If the probe requires calibration, contact an Authorized
Service Center to inquire about calibration services offered by Fluke Calibration (see
Chapter 1).
2-26
Operation
Menus and Menu Navigation
2
Reference Probe Setup
Table 2-29 shows and describes the menu selections on the Reference Probe Setup menu.
Table 2-29. Reference Probe Setup Menu
66.03°C
1
REFERENCE PROBE SETUP
INPUT
SETUP
REF
INPUT
PROG
PROBE
MENU
SERIAL:
CAL DATE:
PROBE TYPE:
RTPW:
A:
B:
C:
A4:
B4:
AL
2000-01-01
ITS-90
100.0000
0.0000000
0.0000000
0.0000000
0.0000000
0.0000000
2
3
E-00
E-00
E-00
E-00
E-00
4
gzs031.eps
Item
Function

SERIAL is the 10-digit, alpha-numeric serial number for the reference probe.

CAL DATE is the Calibration date for the reference probe.

PROBE TYPE is the probe conversion type to be set up. The type can be set to ITS-90, CallendarVan Dusen (CVD), IEC-751, or Resistance.
The PRT characterization coefficients that are shown depend on the probe type that was
selected. If ITS-90 is selected, the associated coefficients are a, b, c, a4, and b4. Coefficients a, b,
and c characterize the Reference Probe above 0 °C. Unused coefficients must be set to 0.

Note
If the probe connected is fitted with a smart connector, the PROGRAM prompt
appears when the Reference Probe Setup screen is exited. Select YES to update
the smart connector memory with the present probe setup or NO to leave the
memory unchanged.
2-27
9190A
Operators Manual
Test Calculation Menu
Table 2-30 shows and describes the menu selections on the Test Calculation menu. Use
this function to test the accuracy of the temperature calculation for the Reference input.
Table 2-30. Test Calculation Menu
66.03°C
1
TEST REF CALCULATION
INPUT
SETUP
REF
INPUT
TEST
CALC
RESISTANCE: 0.0000 Ω
(TEMPERATURE: 0.000)
MENU
2
gzs032.eps
Item
2-28
Function

RESISTANCE sets a PRT resistance to be calculated.

TEMPERATURE shows the calculated temperature for the set Resistance value (see item ).
Operation
Probe Preparation
2
Probe Preparation
Clamp-On Ferrites
Ferrites clamped around the PRT/RTD input and the thermocouple (TC) probe reduce the
risk of electro-magnetic interference (EMI) that can cause inaccurate measurements. If
the Calibrator is used in an area that is susceptible to known EMI (such as industrial
equipment or motors), attach a supplied Ferrite to the probe cable as follows:
To attach a ferrite to a probe cable (see Figure 2-5):
1. Make a loop in the cable near the connector.
2. Clamp the ferrite around half of the loop as shown.
3. As necessary, the Ferrite can be snapped open and moved to a new probe.
Connector
Clamp-on Ferrite
Probe
Figure 2-5. Clamp-On Ferrite Installation
gzs038.eps
Reference PRT Connection Preparation
The REF PRT connection on the front panel attaches a reference probe to be used as a
reference thermometer. Prepare the reference probe as follows:
4-Wire Reference Probe Wiring Instructions
Connect a 4-wire reference probe as follows (see Figure 2-6):
1. Connect one pair of wires to pins 1 and 2.
2. Connect the other pair of wires to pins 4 and 5 (pins 1 and 5 source current and pins 2
and 4 sense the potential).
3. If a shield wire is present, connect it to 3, which is also used for the memory circuit.
Pin 6 is only used for the memory circuit.
2-Wire Reference Probe Wiring Instructions
Connect a 2-wire reference probe as follows (see Figure 2-6):
Note
Accuracy can be significantly degraded using a 2-wire connection because
of lead resistance.
1. Connect one wire to both pins 1 and 2.
2. Connect the other wire to pins 4 and 5.
3. If a shield wire is present, connect it to pin 3, which is also used for the memory
circuit. Pin 6 is only used for the memory circuit.
2-29
9190A
Operators Manual
Reference Probe
UUT
9190
A
4-Wire Reference Probe
2-Wire Reference Probe
Probe Connector
Probe Connector
1 6 5
1 6 5
2
2
3 4
3 4
Shield
Shield
RTD Sensor
RTD Sensor
Figure 2-6. Reference Probe Wiring
2-30
gzs047.eps
Operation
Probe Preparation
2
Reference Probe Input Setup
To set up a reference probe after it is connected:
1. Insert the reference probe into the Calibrator. See “Probe Insertion and Removal
Procedure” on page 2-35.
Note
When the probe with a programmed smart connector is connected to the
REF PRT input, the probe characterization parameters are automatically
transferred to the Calibrator. Additional set up is not necessary to use the
probe.
If the reference probe does not have a smart connector, the PRT
characterization must be set up. The procedure is as follows:
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Push .
5. Push . If the password is requested, enter the correct password.
7. Enter serial number to identify the Reference Probe. Push  and  to highlight a digit
then push  to increase the digit or push  to decrease the digit.
8. Push  to save the serial number.
9. Enter the calibration date of the Reference Probe.
10. Select the PRT characterization for Probe Type. Push  to select then push  to
save.
Note
If the Reference Probe was calibrated and characterized in accordance
with ITS-90, select ITS-90. The PRT characterization coefficients that are
shown depend on the Probe Type that was selected. If ITS-90 is selected,
the associated coefficients are a, b, c, a4, and b4. Coefficients a, b, and c
characterize the Reference Probe above 0 °C. Unused coefficients must be
set to 0.
For example, if the PRT calibration report provides values labeled a8 and
b8, enter the a8 value for a, the b8 value for b, and set c to 0. If the
Reference Probe was calibrated below 0 °C, enter the a4 and b4 coefficient
values on the calibration report in for a4 and b4 in the Calibrator.
After the Reference Probe is setup, it can be used to correct the control temperature of the
Calibrator. To set up the Reference Probe to be the primary sensor:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push  again.
4. Highlight CONTROL SENSOR and push  to change it to REFERENCE. See
“Temperature Setup Menu (TEMP SETUP)” on page 2-11.
5. Push  to save.
2-31
9190A
Operators Manual
PRT/RTD Connection Preparation
The correct wiring for the 4-wire PRT/RTD is shown on the Product. See Figure 2-7 for
an illustration on how to wire a 2-wire, 3-wire, or 4-wire PRT/RTD.
Reference Probe
UUT
9190
A
4-Wire PRT
3-Wire PRT
Figure 2-7. PRT/RTD Probe Setup
2-32
2-Wire PRT
gzs044.eps
Operation
Operation
2
Operation
Insert Installation and Removal Procedure
Warning
For safe operation and maintenance of the product, do not
remove inserts when the block temperature indicator is
illuminated.
To install the insert:
1. Remove the rubber well insulation cap.
2. Stand the insert upright.
3. Lock the insert tool into the attachment holes.
4. Pick up the insert and slowly and carefully lower the insert into the well.
To remove the insert:
1. Let the Calibrator cool to below 50 °C and make sure the high temperature indicator
is not illuminated.
2. Use the insert tool to lift the insert from the well. Put the insert on a metal or ceramic
fiber surface or container made to set hot materials on.
Note
If the insert has not been cleaned periodically (see “Clean the Insert” in
Chapter 4), hard-water deposits can form on the insert and make it difficult
to remove. If the insert cannot be removed, try to remove the insert as
follows:
a. Put the Calibrator in a cold environment that is less than 21 °C.
b. Use the procedure in “Set the Temperature SETPOINT Manually” on page 2-36
to set the temperature to 100 °C.
c. When the temperature is between 50 °C and 70 °C, use the insert tool to lift the
insert from the well. Put the insert on a metal or ceramic fiber surface or
container made to set hot materials on.
d. If the insert cannot be removed, turn off the Calibrator and contact Fluke
Calibration (see “Contact Fluke Calibration” in Chapter 1).
3. Put the rubber well insulation cap back on the well.
2-33
9190A
Operators Manual
Block Temperature
Indicator Light Off
9190A
Figure 2-8. Insert Installation and Removal
2-34
gzs045.eps
Operation
Operation
2
Probe Insertion and Removal Procedure
 Caution
To prevent possible damage to probes, make sure all probes
put into the furnace are rated for the temperature range used in
the calibration procedure.
Note
Use a metal or ceramic fiber surface or container is used to set hot probes
on.
A solid (unstirred) mass, as in a furnace, can have heat loss through the
probe stem. The loss changes between probes and temperatures.
For the best stable temperature and minimum gradient, put sample probes into the full
depth of the well. Variation on equipment, probe dimension, and configuration can have
an effect on temperature stability and gradients. At higher temperatures, temperature
stability and gradients between test wells are equivalent. But the length of time for the
wells to become stable is much longer.
Temperature changes at lower temperatures are slow. This is because high integration
values are necessary to keep the controller stable (1,200 seconds) at the lower
temperatures.
RTD Probe
9190A
Figure 2-9. Probe Insertion
gzs043.eps
2-35
9190A
Operators Manual
Set Temperature
A set temperature value is referred to as a “SETPOINT”. The Calibrator uses the
SETPOINT value to know what temperature to heat or cool to. Use the procedures in the
subsequent sections to manually set a SETPOINT, load a SETPOINT preset, or change a
SETPOINT preset.
Set the Temperature SETPOINT Manually
To adjust the Calibrator temperature SETPOINT manually (see Figure 2-10):
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push  and  to highlight a digit then push  to increase the digit or push  to
decrease the digit.
4. Push  twice to save the SETPOINT temperature and start the Calibrator.
66.03°C
SET TEMPERATURE SETPOINT
SETPOINT: +080.00 °C
SAVE/
DISABLE
SELECT
PRESET
Figure 2-10. Set Temperature SETPOINT
gzs035.eps
Set the Temperature with a Preset SETPOINT
The Calibrator stores eight user-configured preset SETPOINT temperatures to help
quickly set a temperature. To change a SETPOINT preset see “Change a SETPOINT
Preset” on page 2-37.
To load and use a preset SETPOINT (see Figure 2-11):
1. Push  on the Main screen.
2. Push .
3. Push  or  to move between presets (1 through 8).
4. Push  to select a preset.
66.03°C
SELECT PRESET
PRESET:
(SETPOINT: 80.00 °C)
EDIT
PRESET
Figure 2-11. Preset Selection
2-36
gzs034.eps
Operation
Operation
2
Change a Preset SETPOINT
To change a preset SETPOINT (see Figure 2-12):
1. Push  on the Main screen.
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Push  or  to move between presets (1 through 8). Highlight the preset to change
then push .
5. Push  and  to highlight a digit then push  to increase the digit or push  to
decrease the digit.
6. Push  to save the preset.
66.03°C
EDIT PRESETS
PRESET 1: +0080.00 °C
PRESET 2:
+45.00 °C
PRESET 3:
+26.00 °C
PRESET 4:
-26.00 °C
Figure 2-12. Edit SETPOINT Preset
gzs036.eps
Cancel or Stop Temperature Change
To cancel or stop temperature change:
1. Push  on the Main screen.
2. Push .
Set a Soft Cutout
Soft Cutout is an upper-heat limit that protects the probes. The Hard Cutout protects the
Calibrator and it cannot be changed (set by factory).
To set a Soft Cutout (see Figure 2-13):
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push  (if security is set to high, enter password).
4. Push  to select the Soft Cutout.
5. Push  and  to highlight a digit then push  to increase the digit or push  to
decrease the digit.
6. Push  to save the Soft Cutout.
2-37
9190A
Operators Manual
66.03°C
CUTOUT
SOFT CUTOUT: +090.00 °C
(HARD CUTOUT: +160.00 °C)
Figure 2-13. Soft Cutout
gzs037.eps
Reset an Over-Temperature Cutout
If the Soft or Hard Cutout is exceeded, the Calibrator enters Cutout Mode and must be
reset.
To exit Cutout mode and reset the Calibrator:
1. Let the Calibrator cool to below the Soft Cutout limit.
2. After cooled, push  followed by  to reset the Calibrator.
Programs (Automated Tests)
The Program menu (PROG MENU) supplies access to the automated and manual
Program selections (see “Program Setup” on page 2-15). A Program is an automated test
that can be configured and run on an instrument.
Run a Program
To run a Program:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Push  to change the TEST STATUS to RUN.
5. Push  to save.
Stop a Program
To stop a Program:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Push  to change the TEST STATUS to OFF.
5. Push  to save.
2-38
Chapter 3
Remote Operation
Title
Introduction ..........................................................................................................
Remote Operation Setup ......................................................................................
RS-232 Remote Serial Interface ......................................................................
Wiring .........................................................................................................
Communication Setup .................................................................................
USB Remote Interface .....................................................................................
Wiring .........................................................................................................
Communication Setup .................................................................................
Remote Operation Commands .............................................................................
Overview of Command Structures ..................................................................
Commands by Function or Group ...................................................................
Alphabetical List of Serial Commands ............................................................
Page
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-7
3-13
3-1
9190A
Operators Manual
3-2
Remote Operation
Introduction
3
Introduction
Remote operation of the Product from a computer is done with commands through the
RS-232 digital interface or a serial USB interface. To control the Calibrator remotely, the
computer sends SCPI (Standard Commands and Programmable Instruments) commands.
These commands let the user change and control all parameters remotely such as
SETPOINT temperatures, cutouts, and programs.
This chapter supplies information on how to set up the remote connection to the PC,
followed by command line information.
Remote Operation Setup
The Calibrator has an RS-232 and USB interface on the Power and Remote Interface
Panel (see Table 3-1).
Note
To prevent noise on the signal wires, use a shielded, low resistance cable
between the Product and PC.
Table 3-1. Power and Remote Interface Panel
3
1
2
4
5
gzs004.eps
Item
Name
Function

Mains Power Cord
Receptacle
Receptacle for the mains power cord. Use an AC mains supply
appropriate for the voltage range and region of use.

Power Switch
Turn on (I) and turn off (O) the Calibrator.
9-pin Subminiature
Transmits measurements and remotely controls the operation of
the instrument. See Chapter 3, “Remote Operation”.

Serial Connector (RS-232)

USB Serial Connector
Transmits measurements and remotely controls the operation of
the instrument. See Chapter 3, “Remote Operation”.

Fuse
Product fuse. See Chapter 4 for fuse replacement instructions.
3-3
9190A
Operators Manual
RS-232 Remote Serial Interface
Use the instructions in the subsequent sections to wire and configure a RS-232 Remote
Serial Interface.
Wiring
Wire the RS-232 Remote Serial Interface connection as follows:
1. Wire the remote serial interface cable as shown in Figure 3-1.
Note
To prevent noise on the signal wires, use a shielded, low resistance cable
between the Product and PC.
Instrument
Connector
(DB 9-Pin)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Computer (DTE)
Connector
(DB 9-Pin)
NC
RxD
TxD
ND
GND
NC
RTS
CTS
NC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Instrument
Connector
(DB 9-Pin)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
DCD
RxD
TxD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
NC
Computer (DTE)
Connector
(DB 25-Pin)
NC
RxD
TxD
ND
GND
NC
RTS
CTS
NC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Figure 3-1. RS-232
DCD
RxD
TxD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
NC
gzs048.eps
2. Connect the DB-9 connector wired for the instrument to the 9-pin Subminiature
Serial Connector (RS-232) on the Power and Remote Interface Panel (see Table 3-1).
3. Connect the DB-9 or DB-25 connector wired for the computer to the 9-pin or 25-pin
serial port on the computer.
3-4
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Setup
3
Communication Setup
To use the RS-232 Remote Serial Interface, the Calibrator must be configured to
communicate with the computer. Configuration is done in the Communication Setup
menu on the Calibrator.
Table 3-2. Communication Setup Menu
66.03°C
1
COMMUNICATION SETUP
SYSTEM
MENU
SYSTEM
SETUP
COMM
SETUP
BAUD RATE: 9600
2
LINEFEED: ON
MENU
gzs016.eps
Item
Function

BAUD RATE is the serial communication transmission rate or baud rate. BAUD may be set to
1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, or 38400 baud.

LINEFEED turns on or turns off transmission of a line feed character (LF, ASCII 10) after
transmission of any carriage-return.
Set up communications as follows:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Push .
5. Highlight BAUD RATE and push .
6. Push  or  to change the BAUD RATE (see item  in Table 3-2).
Note
Set the BAUD RATE to the baud rate that the computer serial port is
configured for.
7. Push  to save.
3-5
9190A
Operators Manual
USB Remote Interface
Use the instructions in the subsequent sections to wire and configure a USB Remote
Interface.
Wiring
The Calibrator comes with a standard USB cable. The USB cable has a 1394 connector
(Calibrator connection) on one end and a standard USB connector on the other (computer
connection).
To use the USB interface for remote operation, a driver needs to be installed on the
computer. After the driver is installed and the Calibrator is connected to the computer, the
USB connection appears as a virtual COM port in the PC communication software (for
example, MS Hyper-terminal). The driver is included on the CD that shipped with the
Calibrator. If the CD is lost, or a updated driver is necessary, go to
http://www.ftdichip.com/Drivers/VCP.thm.
Communication Setup
To use the USB remote interface, the Calibrator must be configured to communicate with
the computer. Configuration is done in the Communication Setup menu on the Calibrator.
Table 3-3. Communication Setup Menu
66.03°C
1
COMMUNICATION SETUP
SYSTEM
MENU
SYSTEM
SETUP
COMM
SETUP
BAUD RATE: 9600
2
LINEFEED: ON
MENU
gzs016.eps
Item
Function

BAUD RATE is the serial communication transmission rate or baud rate. BAUD may be set to
1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, or 38400 baud.

LINEFEED turns on or turns off transmission of a line feed character (LF, ASCII 10) after
transmission of any carriage-return.
Setup communications as follows:
1. Push .
2. Push .
3. Push .
4. Push .
5. Highlight BAUD RATE and push .
6. Push  or  to change the BAUD RATE (see item  in Table 3-2).
Note
Set the BAUD RATE to the baud rate that the computer serial port is configured for.
7. Push  to save.
3-6
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
Remote Operation Commands
Overview of Command Structures
The Calibrator accepts commands for setting parameters, executing functions or
responding with requested data. These commands are in the form of strings of ASCIIencoded characters. The Field Metrology Well command syntax conforms to SCPI-1994.
One notable exception is that compound commands are not allowed as explained below.
Commands consist of a command header and, if necessary, parameter data. All
commands must be terminated with either a carriage return (ASCII 0D hex or 13
decimal) or new line character (ASCII 0A hex or 10 decimal).
Command headers consist of one or more mnemonics separated by colons (:).
Mnemonics may use letter characters, the underscore character (_), and possibly numeric
digits as well. Commands are not case sensitive. Mnemonics often have alternate forms.
Most mnemonics have a long form that is more readable and a short form consisting of
three or four characters that is more efficient.
A mnemonic can end with a numeric suffix that specifies one of a set of independent
function blocks such as input channel data paths. If a numeric suffix is omitted when a
particular block must be specified, an error is generated (“Header suffix out of range”).
Query commands are commands that request data in response. Query commands have a
question mark (?) immediately following the command header. Responses to query
commands are generated immediately and placed in the output buffer. Responses are then
transmitted automatically to the PC. Responses are lost if not read before the next
command is received.
Some commands require parameter data to specify values for one or more parameters.
The command header is separated from the parameter data by a space (ASCII 20 hex or
32 decimal). Multiple parameters are separated by a comma(,).
The Calibrator does not allow compound commands (multiple commands per line
separated with semicolons). All commands are sequential. The execution of each
command is completed before subsequent commands are processed.
Some settings are unconditionally password protected or conditionally password
protected. When protected, a command cannot be used to change the setting without first
providing the password. The password is entered with the SYST:PASS:CEN command.
Commands by Function or Group
In this section, the commands are arranged into the these groups:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Calibration Commands – commands for Field Metrology Well calibration
parameters.
Main Screen Commands – commands for parameters displayed on the main
screen.
Program Commands – commands for program setup and status.
Reference Commands – commands for accessing reference thermometer
parameters.
UUT Commands – commands for accessing UUT parameters.
Setup Commands – commands for setting up communication, display, password,
measure, and operation parameters.
System Commands – commands to report and change the status of the instrument.
Temperature Commands – commands for control temperature and cutout
functions.
3-7
9190A
Operators Manual
Table 3-4. Commands by Function or Group
Group
Calibration Controller
Calibration – Heat
Source
Calibration –
Reference
Command
Password
Protection
Group
Read/Write
TEMP PB
SOUR:LCON:PBAN
Unconditional
R/W
TEMP INT
SOUR:LCON:INT
Unconditional
R/W
TEMP DER
SOUR:LCON:DER
Unconditional
R/W
CALDATE
CAL:DATE:UNIT
Unconditional
R/W
TEMP 1
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR1
Unconditional
R/W
TEMP 2
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR2
Unconditional
R/W
TEMP 3
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR3
Unconditional
R/W
GRAD 1
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD1
Unconditional
R/W
GRAD 2
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD2
Unconditional
R/W
GRAD 3
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD3
Unconditional
R/W
TEMP 1
SOUR:SENS:CAL:TEMP1
N/A
R
TEMP 2
SOUR:SENS:CAL:TEMP2
N/A
R
TEMP 3
SOUR:SENS:CAL:TEMP3
N/A
R
REF1C0
SENS1:CAL:PAR1
Unconditional
R/W
REF1C100
SENS1:CAL:PAR2
Unconditional
R/W
INPUT CAL DATE
CAL:DATE:MOD
Unconditional
R/W
[-P]
Note:
[-P] – “-P” Model Only
3-8
Screen Parameter
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
Table 3-4. Commands by Function or Group (cont.)
Group
Calibration – UUT
– TC
Screen Parameter
Command
Password
Protection
Group
Read/Write
TCC0
SENS2:CAL:PAR1
Unconditional
R/W
TCC100
SENS2:CAL:PAR2
Unconditional
R/W
TCCRJ
SENS2:CAL:PAR3
Unconditional
R/W
INPUT CAL DATE
CAL:DATE:MOD
Unconditional
R/W
mAC4
SENS2:CAL:PAR4
Unconditional
R/W
mAC20
SENS2:CAL:PAR6
Unconditional
R/W
INPUT CAL DATE
CAL:DATE:MOD
Unconditional
R/W
(none)
SOUR:SENS:DATA
N/A
R
SETPT
SOUR:SPO
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 1
SOUR:LIST:SPO1
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 2
SOUR:LIST:SPO2
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 3
SOUR:LIST:SPO3
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 4
SOUR:LIST:SPO4
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 5
SOUR:LIST:SPO5
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 6
SOUR:LIST:SPO6
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 7
SOUR:LIST:SPO7
N/A
R/W
SETPOINT 8
SOUR:LIST:SPO8
N/A
R/W
STAB
SOUR:STAB:DAT
N/A
R
STAB graph
SOUR:STAB:TEST
N/A
R
(none)
OUTP2:DATA
N/A
R
[-P]
Calibration – UUTmA
Main Screen
Main Screen
[-P]
REF
CALC1:DATA
N/A
R
Main Screen
[-P]
REF TEMP
READ, MEAS, FETC
N/A
R
TC-n, P100, mA
CALC2:DATA
N/A
R
Program – Run
TEST STATUS
PROG:STAT
N/A
R/W
Program - List
(none)
PROG:CAT
N/A
R
Program - Select
(none)
PROG:TYP
N/A
R/W
Program - Setup
TEST ID
PROG:IDEN
N/A
R/W
(none)
PROG:MEM:COUN
N/A
R
ERASE TESTS
PROG:MEM:CLEA
Unconditional
W
UUT
[-P]
Erase Tests
Note:
[-P] – “-P” Model Only
3-9
9190A
Operators Manual
Table 3-4. Commands by Function or Group (cont.)
Group
Screen Parameter
Ramp & Soak
Command
Password
Protection
Group
Read/Write
RAMP/SOAK SETUP
PROG:SEQ:CAT
N/A
R
SETPOINT n
PROG:SEQ:PAR SPOn
Conditional
R/W
SOAK TIME
PROG:SEQ:PAR DWEL
Conditional
R/W
SETPOINTS
PROG:SEQ:PAR POIN
Conditional
R/W
NO CYCLES
PROG:SEQ:PAR CYCL
Conditional
R/W
PASS TOLERANCE
PROG:SEQ:PAR PTOL
Conditional
R/W
DIRECTION
PROG:SEQ:PAR DIR
Conditional
R/W
PRINT TEST
PROG:MEM:PRINT
N/A
W
ERASE TESTS
PROG:MEM:CLEA
Unconditional
W
PROBE TYPE
CALC1:CONV:CAT
N/A
R
(none)
CALC1:CONV:PAR:CAT
N/A
R
CAL DATE
CALC1:CONV:DATE
Conditional
R/W
PROGRAM
CALC1:CONV:PROG
Unconditional
W
PROBE TYPE: ITS-90
CALC1:CONV:NAME ITS-90
Conditional
R/W
PROBE TYPE: CVD
CALC1:CONV:NAME CVD
Conditional
R/W
PROBE TYPE: IEC
CALC1:CONV:NAME IEC-751
Conditional
R/W
Reference – Setup
CONV TYPE:
CALC1:CONV:NAME RES
Conditional
R/W
[-P]
RESISTANCE
CALC1:CONV:SNUM
Conditional
R/W
Test – Results
Main Screen
Reference - List
[-P]
Characterization
Parameters - Active
List (-P model only)
Reference – Setup
[-P]
Reference – Setup
[-P]
Reference – Setup
[-P]
SERIAL
Note:
[-P] – “-P” Model Only
3-10
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
Table 3-4. Commands by Function or Group (cont.)
Group
ITS90
[-P]
[-P]
CVD
Reference – Test
Algorithm
UUT
List
Screen Parameter
Command
Password
Protection
Group
Read/Write
RTPW
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL RTPW
Conditional
R/W
A
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL A7
Conditional
R/W
B
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL B7
Conditional
R/W
C
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL C7
Conditional
R/W
A4
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL A4
Conditional
R/W
B4
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL B4
Conditional
R/W
R0
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL R0
Conditional
R/W
ALPHA
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL AL
Conditional
R/W
DELTA
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL DE
Conditional
R/W
BETA
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL BE
Conditional
R/W
RESISTANCE
SENS1:DATA
N/A
R
TEST CALC
CALC1:CONV:TEST
N/A
R
RES, mA, mV
SENS2:DATA
N/A
R
SENSOR
SENS2:FUNC
N/A
R/W
RTD TYPE
CALC2:CONV:CAT RTD
N/A
R
TC TYPE
CALC2:CONV:CAT TC
N/A
R
RTD TYPE: RESISTANCE
CALC2:CONV:NAME 0
N/A
R/W
RTD TYPE: PT100(385)
CALC2:CONV:NAME 1
N/A
R/W
RTD TYPE: PT100(3926)
CALC2:CONV:NAME 2
N/A
R/W
RTD TYPE: PT100(JIS)
CALC2:CONV:NAME 3
N/A
R/W
RTD TYPE: NI-120
CALC2:CONV:NAME 4
N/A
R/W
TC-C
CALC2:CONV:NAME C
N/A
R/W
TC-E
CALC2:CONV:NAME E
N/A
R/W
TC-J
CALC2:CONV:NAME J
N/A
R/W
TC-K
CALC2:CONV:NAME K
N/A
R/W
TC-L
CALC2:CONV:NAME L
N/A
R/W
TC-M
CALC2:CONV:NAME M
N/A
R/W
TC-N
CALC2:CONV:NAME N
N/A
R/W
[-P]
[-P]
[-P]
Note:
[-P] – “-P” Model Only
3-11
9190A
Operators Manual
Table 3-4. Commands by Function or Group (cont.)
Group
List
Screen Parameter
[-P]
Password
Protection
Group
Read/Write
TC-R
CALC2:CONV:NAME R
N/A
R/W
TC-S
CALC2:CONV:NAME S
N/A
R/W
TC-T
CALC2:CONV:NAME T
N/A
R/W
TC-U
CALC2:CONV:NAME U
N/A
R/W
mV
CALC2:CONV:NAME MV
N/A
R/W
LOOP POWER
INP2:MAMP:LPOW
N/A
R/W
WIRES
INP2:RTD:WIR
N/A
R/W
TEST CALC
CALC2:CONV:TEST
N/A
R
BAUD RATE
SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD
N/A
R/W
LINEFEED
SYST:COMM:SER:LIN
N/A
R/W
LANGUAGE
SYST:LANG
N/A
R/W
DECIMAL
SYST:DEC:FORM
N/A
R/W
KEY AUDIO
SYST:BEEP:KEYB
N/A
R/W
PASSWORD (Disable)
SYST:PASS:CDIS
Unconditional
W
PASSWORD (Enable)
SYST:PASS:CEN
Unconditional
W
(none)
SYST:PASS:CEN:STAT
N/A
R
USER PASSWORD
SYST:PASS:NEW
Unconditional
W
PROTECTION
SYST:PASS:PROT
N/A
R/W
DATE
SYST:DATE
Unconditional
R/W
TIME
SYST:TIME
Unconditional
R/W
System - Setup
°C/°F key
UNIT:TEMP
N/A
R/W
Heat Enable
(none)
OUTP:STAT
N/A
R/W
(none)
SYST:KLOC
Conditional
R/W
(none)
SYST:CONF:MOD
N/A
R
(none)
SYST:ERR
N/A
R
(all)
*IDN
N/A
R
(none)
*CLS
N/A
W
(none)
*OPT
N/A
R
FW VER
SYST:COD:VERS
N/A
R
(none)
SYST:BEEP:IMM
N/A
W
UUT–mA
[-P]
UUT–RTD
[-P]
UUT – Test Algorithm
[-P]
Setup - Communication
Setup - Display
Setup - Password
Status
Setup – Date/Time
System - Information
Note:
[-P] – “-P” Model Only
3-12
Command
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
Table 3-4. Commands by Function or Group (cont.)
Group
Screen Parameter
Temperature –
Command
Password
Protection
Group
Read/Write
HARD CUTOUT
SOUR:PROT:HCUT
N/A
R
SOFT CUTOUT
SOUR:PROT:SCUT:LEV
Conditional
R/W
Reset
(none)
SOUR:PROT:CLE
N/A
W
Trip State
(none)
SOUR:PROT:TRIP
N/A
R
Temperature -
SCAN RATE
SOUR:RATE
N/A
R/W
STABLE LIMIT
SOUR:STAB:LIM
N/A
R/W
STABLE ALARM
SOUR:STAB:BEEP
N/A
R/W
CONTROL SENSOR
SOUR:SENS:ROUT {0 | 1 }
N/A
R/W
Cutout
Setup
Temperature –
Setup
[-P]
Note:
[-P] – “-P” Model Only
Alphabetical List of Serial Commands
Each command description provides the structure (long and short format), a description
of the command purpose, a command example, an example of what the command returns
(as applicable to query commands), and notes specific to the command. The following
apply to each group of commands:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Numeric data, specified by the mnemonic, <num>, uses ASCII characters to
represent numbers. Numbers may contain a plus or minus (‘+’ or ‘-’) sign, decimal
point (‘.’), and exponent (‘E’ or ‘e’) with its sign. If a fractional component is
received when only an integer is required, the number is rounded to the nearest
integer without any resulting error message. The mnemonics DEF, MIN, and MAX
are often acceptable for the default, minimum, and maximum value respectively. Unit
suffixes, such as V or OHM, can be appended to numeric parameters and are
accepted without error but ignored.
Unrecognized commands or commands with incorrect syntax or invalid parameters
generate error messages in the error queue.
Upper case letters designate syntax that is required when issuing the command.
Lower case letters are optional and may be omitted.
< > indicates a required parameter.
[ ] indicates optional parameters.
( ) indicates a group of parameters that must be used together.
For query commands, specifying the MIN, MAX, or DEF parameter causes the
instrument to respond with the minimum, maximum, or default setting respectively.
For set commands, specifying the MIN, MAX, or DEF parameters causes the
instrument to use the minimum, maximum, or default setting respectively.
‘|’ indicates alternate parameter values.
<n> indicates a number is required.
<num> indicates numeric value is required.
<prog> indicates a program number (SEQ<n> or SWIT<n>) is required.
3-13
9190A
Operators Manual
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
<bool> indicates a Boolean value (0 or 1) is required. The mnemonics OFF and ON
are also accepted for 0 and 1, respectively.
<conv> indicates a conversion mnemonic is required.
<param> indicates a parameter name is required.
<seri> indicates a serial number is required.
<res> indicates a resistance value is required.
<volt> indicates a voltage value is required.
<unit> indicates a temperature unit is required.
<temp> indicates a temperature °C/F is required.
<pass> indicates a password is required.
<port> indicates a port number is required.
<label> indicates an eight character label is required.
<year> indicates a four digit number is required.
<month> indicates a one or two digit number is required.
<day> indicates a one or two digit number is required.
<hour> indicates a one or two digit number is required.
<minute> indicates a one or two digit number is required.
<second> indicates a one or two digit number is required.
<baud> indicates a valid baud number is required.
*CLS
Clear the status registers.
Example: *CLS
Response: None
*IDN?
Gets manufacturer, model number, serial number and firmware version of the product.
Example: *IDN?
Response: HART,9190A,A79002,1.00
*OPT?
Read the product configuration, reference hardware enabled (1) or not (0) (see
SYST:CONF:MOD). This command is a read only command and returns the state of the
reference functionality (0, 1).
Example: *OPT?
Response: 1
3-14
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
CAL:DATE:MOD[?] [<year>,<month>,<day>] (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the calibration date for the -P Module (INPUT CALibration DATE). The entered
values are all numeric and “yyyy” is a four digit year (2000-2135), “mm” is a two digit month
(1-12), and “dd” is a two digit day (1-31).
Read Example: CAL:DATE:MOD?
Response: 2007,05,24
Set Example: CAL:DATE:MOD 2007,12,30
CAL:DATE:UNIT[?] [<year>,<month>,<day>]
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the calibration date for the heat portion of the Calibrator. The entered values are all
numeric and “yyyy” is a four digit year (2000-2135); default 2007, “mm” is a two digit month
(1-12), and “dd” is a two digit day (1-31).
Read Example: CAL:DAT:UNIT?
Response: 2007,05,24
Set Example: CAL:DAT:CAL 2006,12,30
CALC1:CONV:CAT? (-P model only)
Read the list of reference probe characterization methods: “CVD, I90, IEC, RES”. Supplies the
list of PRT/RTD characterization methods available.
Example: CALC1:CONV:CAT?
Response: “CVD”,”I90”,”IEC”,”RES”
CALC1:CONV:DATE[?] [<yyyy,mm,dd>] (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the INFO-CON probe calibration date in yyyy,mm,dd format.
Year Range = {2000 – 2135}; Default: 2007
Month Range = {1 – 12}; Default: 1
Day Range = {1 – 31}; Default: 1
Read Example: CALC1:CONV:DATE?
Response: 2007,10,09
Set Example: CALC1:CONV:DATE 2007,09,06
CALC1:CONV:NAME[?][n] (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the reference probe characterization method. “n” is an alpha numeric value the
represents: CVD, I90, IEC, or RES.
Range={ITS90, CVD, IEC, RES} or 0-3, Default:ITS90.
Read Example: CALC1:CONV:NAME?
Response: CVD
Set Example: CALC1:CONV:NAME I90
3-15
9190A
Operators Manual
CALC1:CONV:PAR:CAT? (-P model only)
Read the list of active reference probe characterization parameter names for the current reference
probe type.
Example: CALC1:CONV:PAR:CAT?
Response: “RTPW”,”A”,“B”,“C”,“A4”,“B4”
CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL[?] par[,<n>] (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set a reference probe characterization parameter. “par” is a parameter identified as
follows: ITS90: RTPW, A7, B7, C7, A4, B4; or CVD: AL, DE or BE. “n” may be some real
number or an exponential value such as -1.234567e-5 for ITS-90.
ITS-90 Ranges: {RTPW, A7, B7, A4, B4} or 0 - 5
• RTPW = 1.0 to 200 ohms
• Coefficients = ± 0.010
Defaults:
• RTPW = 100
• All ITS-90 coefficients = 0.00000
• CVD Ranges/Defaults: {R0, AL, DE, BE} or 0 - 3
• R0 = 1.0 to 200.00 ohms
• R0 Default = 100.00
• AL Range = 0.1 to 0.9
• AL Default = 0.00385055
• BE Range = 0.0 to 1.0
• BE Default = 0.10863
• DE Range = 0.0 to 2.0
• DE Default = 1.499786
Read Example: CALC1:CONV:PAR:VAL? RTPW
Response: 100.4545
Set Example: CALC:CONV:PAR:VAL A7,0.00385075
CALC1:CONV:PROG (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Program the INFO-CON probe with the current probe settings.
Example: CALC1:CONV:PROG
3-16
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
CALC1:CONV:SNUM[?] <ser_num> (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or enter a reference probe serial number. “ser_num” character range equals {0-9, A-Z, ‘-‘},
up to 10 characters in length with a minimum of 1 character length. Default: “0”
When a blank space is entered, any characters after the blank are dropped. For example, change
S/N 1234-5678 to S/N TEST1. Enter TEST1<Blank Space>678. The serial number will drop the
last three characters and enter the S/N TEST1.
Read Example: CALC1:CONV:SNUM?
Response: 1234
Set Example: CALC1:CONV:SNUM 1560-D
CALC1:CONV:TEST[?] <n>]
Test the conversion algorithm from resistance (ohms) to temperature (°C or °F). “n” is the value
to be converted (ohms). Entry for “n” is required for converted output.
Range = {0-500};
Default = 100.
Read Example: CALC1:CONV:TEST? 100.000
Response: 0.0100
CAL1:DATA? (-P model only)
Reads the reference sensor Temperature. The returned value will be in degrees °C (°F) if a
temperature value is returned. The value can be a resistance if the conversion selection is
RESISTANCE.
Example: CALC1:DAT?
Response: 325
CALC2:CONV:CAT? <func> (-P model only)
Read the list of UUT probe characterization names. “func” is the UUT device. “func” is not
required and defaults to the selected device based on the setting of <SENS2:FUNC>.
Range = {RTD, TC, MA},
Default = RTD (if no previous selection), else current selection.
Example 1: CALC2:CONV:CAT? TC
Response 1: “C”,”E”,”J”,”K”,”L”,”M”,”N”,”R”,”S”,”T”,”U”,”mV”
If SENS2:FUNC is set to RTD and the command is sent without the function:
Example 2: CAL2:CONV:CAT?
Response 2: “PT_A385”,”PT_A392”,”PT_JIS”,”NI_120”,”RES”
CALC2:CONV:NAME[?] n] (-P model only)
Read or set the UUT device characterization scheme. Must be consistent with the selected
Function and device. For RTD: “n” is the RTD type as follows: PT A385; PT_A392; PT_JIS;
NI_120; or RES. For TC; “n” is the thermocouple type as follows: C; E; J; K; L; M; N; R; S; T;
U; or mV. Default: RTD, PT_A385. Command responds with the selected UUT probe
characterization method; RES, I90, IEC, RES, mV, or mA.
Read Example: CALC2:CONV:NAME?
Response: RTD
Set Example: CALC2:CONV:NAME NI_120
3-17
9190A
Operators Manual
CALC2:CONV:TEST? n,[rj] (-P model only)
Test the conversion algorithm from the UUT input. For thermocouple input, “rj” is the reference
junction temperature. If this is not indicated, it is assumed to be 0 °C.
Example: CALC2:CONV:TEST? 100.0
Response: 0.0000
CALC2:DATA? (-P model only)
Read the UUT sensor Temperature. The returned value is in degrees C (°F) if a temperature value
is returned. Value may be resistance, mV, or mA depending on the selected SENS function and
conversion selection.
Example: CALC2:DATA?
Response: 325
INP2:MAMP:LPOW[?] [0|1] (-P model only)
Read or set UUT module mA source where [0] is Passive and [1] enables Loop Power.
Default = 0 (Passive).
Read Example: INP2:MAMP:LPOW?
Response: 1
Set Example: INP2:MAMP:LPOW 1
INP2:RTD:WIR[?] [n] (-P model only)
Read or set the UUT module number of wires in RTD. “n” is the number of wires.
Range = { 2, 3, 4}
Default = 4 wires.
Read Example: INP2:RTD:WIR?
Response: 3
Set Example: INP2:RTD:WIR 4
OUTP:STAT[?] [0|1]
Reads or sets the active heating or cooling output status. A “0” is returned if the output status is
off, and a “1” is returned if the output status is on.
Read Example: OUTP:STAT?
Response: 0
Set Example: OUTP:STAT 1
OUTP:DATA?
Returns the percent heating or cooling power.
Example: OUTP:DATA?
Response: 18.0
PROG:CAT?
A catalog list of all define programs: Ramp & Soak = SEQ.
Example: PROG:CAT?
Response: “SEQ”,”ASW”,”MSW”
3-18
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
PROG:IDEN[?] [n]
Read or set the program identifier.
Character range = {0 – 9, A – Z, ‘-‘}, up to 12 characters, minimum 1 character: Default: “0”.
Read Example: PROG:IDEN?
Set Example: TEST-1
PROG:MEM:CLE (-P Model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Erase all test reports stored in NVMemory.
Example: PROG:MEM:CLE
PROG:MEM:COUN? (-P Model only)
Read the test report count. Provide the count for the number of test reports currently stored in
memory.
Example: PROG:MEM:COUN? 6
PROG:MEM:PRIN [n] [ALL] (-P Model only)
Prints one or all test reports. “n” indicates the test report to be printed and 1 is the earliest test.
Example: PROG:MEM:PRINT 1
PROG:SEQ:CAT?
This command provides a list of the parameters for the Ramp and Soak test.
Example: PROG:SEQ:CAT?
Response: “SPOn”,”DWELL”,”DIR”,”POIN”,”CYCL”,”PTOL”
PROG:SEQ:PAR? par[,<n>]
Read or set a program parameter for Ramp & Soak tests.
Range = {SPOn, DWELL, DIR, POIN, CYCL, PTOL}.
Set Example: PROG:SEQ:PAR cycle,8
Table 3-5. PROG:SEQ:PAR Parameters
Parameter
Minimum
Maximum
Default
SPO[n]*
1
8
1
DWEL
1
100
15
POIN
1
8
8
CYCL
1
999
1
PTOL
0.01
99.9
1.00
DIR
0 (up)
1 (U/D)
0
*Read Only, must be <= # of setpoints (POIN) Read Example: PROG:SEQ:PAR? dwell Response: 25
3-19
9190A
Operators Manual
PROG:STAT[?] [0|1]
Read or set the execution state for the selected Program (Off=0, Run=1, Default = 0). If the
selected program is not running then a value of 0 is returned otherwise a 1 is returned.
Read Example: PROG:STAT?
Response: 0
Set Example: PROG:STAT 1
PROG:TYPE[?] [ <prog>]
Read or select a program to run where “prog” is a name, SEQ, ASW, or MSQ.
Default = SEQ.
Read Example: PROG:TYPE?
Response: SEQ
Set Example: PROG:TYPE ASW
READ?, MEAS? or FETC? (-P model only)
Read the Reference sensor temperature, °C or °F. If the external reference probe is enabled, the
reference temperature is returned otherwise, 0.0 is returned.
Example: READ?
Response: 264.262
SENS1:CAL:PAR<n>[?][cal] (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set a reference input calibration parameter. “n” is a value of 1 or 2 corresponding to the
calibration parameters REF1C0 and REF1C100 respectively. “cal” is a real number used as the
calibration offset for the respective parameter.
REF1C0 Range = {-1.0 to 1.0} REF1C100
Range = {-2.0 to 2.0} Defaults (all): 0.0000
Read Example: SENS:CAL:PAR1?
Response: 0.2
Set Example: SENS1:CAL:PAR2 0.092
SENS1:DATA? (-P model only)
Read the reference input resistance. This command returns the resistance in ohms of the reference
probe.
Example: SENS1:DATA?
Response: 199.9366
3-20
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
SENS2:CAL:PAR<n>[?] [cal] (-P model only)
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the UUT input calibration parameter for the selected function. “n” is an integer 1-6.
PAR1=TCC0, PAR2=TCC100, PAR3=TCCRJ, PAR4=mAC4, and PAR6=mAC22 respectively.
“cal” is a real number used as the calibration offset for the respective parameter.
UUT input commands to verify or set TCC0 (PAR1), TCC100 (PAR2), TCCRJ
(PAR3) for the thermocouple (TC) function calibration parameters and mAC4 (PAR4), and
mAC20 (PAR6) for the mili-amp (mA) function calibration parameters.
Range:
TC = ± 10.00 (mV)
mA = ± 4.00 (mA)
Default:
TC = ± 0.00 (mV)
mA = ± 0.00 (mA)
Read Example: SENS2:CAL:PAR1?
Response: 0.2
Set Example: SENS2:CAL:PAR2 0.092
SENS2:DATA? (-P model only)
Read the UUT input. The returned value depends on the set function. PRT/RTD will be in
resistance, TC will be in mV, mA will be in mA. This command returns the UUT input in ohms
for the PRT/RTD function, mV for the thermocouple function, and mA for the current loop
function.
Example: SENS2:DATA?
Response: 0.03
SENS2:FUNC[?] [par] (-P model only)
Read or set the UUT Sense Function (device) selection. “par” is the selected device and is entered
as RTD, TC or MA.
Default = RTD. This command reads or sets the UUT Sense Function as, RTD, TC, or mA.
Read Example: SENS2:FUNC?
Response: RTD
Set Example: SENS2:FUNC TC
SOUR:LCON:DER[?] [n]
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the main control loop derivative time in seconds. The main zone derivative is the
derivative time in seconds that the instrument’s PID controller uses for main zone control.
Range = {Min: 0.0, Max: 99.9}
Read Example: SOUR:LCON:DER?
Response: 1.5
Set Example: SOUR:LCON:DER 5
3-21
9190A
Operators Manual
SOUR:LCON:INT[?] [n]
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the main control loop integral time in seconds. The main zone integral is the
integration time in seconds that the instrument’s PID controller uses for main zone control.
Range = {10.0-999.9}
Read Example: SOUR:LCON:INT?
Response: 20.0
Set Example: SOUR:LCON:INT 10
SOUR:LCON:PBAN[?] [n]
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the main control loop proportional band in °C.
Range = {1.0-99.9}
Read Example: SOUR:LCON:PBAN?
Response: 1.5
Set Example: SOUR:LCON:PBAN 7
SOUR:LIST:SPO<i>[?] [n]
Read or set a main temperature preset SETPOINTs.
Read example: SOUR:LIST:SPO6?
Response: 25.00
Set Example: SOUR:LIST:SPO6 100.00
SOUR:PROT:HCUT?
Read the hard cutout temperature set-point in °C or °F. Returns the current value of the hard
cutout SETPOINT
Read Example: SOUR:PROT:HCUT?
Response: 140
SOUR:PROT:CLEA
Reset the cutout to enable the system. If the Calibrator exceeds the temperature set in the soft
cutout menu or if it exceeds the maximum operating temperature, a cutout condition occurs. If
this happens, the Calibrator enters cutout mode and will not actively heat or cool until the user
issues this command to clear the cutout or resets the Calibrator. See Chapter 2.
Example: SOUR:PROT:CLEA
Response: This command has no response.
3-22
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
SOUR:PROT:SCUT:LEV[?] [n]
Note
This command is conditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the soft cutout SETPOINT. The soft cutout should be set to protect the temperature
limits of the instruments under test. “n” is an integer.
Range = {-125 to 160}
Read Example: SOUR:PROT:SCUT:LEV?
Response: 125
Set Example: SOUR:PROT:SCUT:LEV 105
SOUR:PROT:TRIP?
Read the temperature cutout tripped state. A value of 0 is returned if the cutout set point has not
been reached. Otherwise a value of 1 is returned and the cutout set point has been reached.
Range = {0, 1}; 0 = No Cutout; 1 = Cutout.
Example: SOUR:PROT:TRIP?
Response: 0
SOUR:RATE[?] [n]
Read or set the control temperature rate of change (Scan Rate), °C or °F per minute. The response
to this command starts out high initially and decreases as the SETPOINT is reached.
Range = {Min: 0.10, Max: 500.00} Default: 100.00.
Read Example: SOUR:RATE?
Response: 0.531
Set Example: SOUR:RATE 1.26
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD<x>[?] [n]
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the axial gradient control parameter, where “x” is a numeric value that shows the
parameter. [1] = GRAD1 = GRAD 1, [2] = GRAD2 = GRAD 2, [3] = GRAD3. “n” is a real
number ranging from -1.0 to 1.0 entered as a ratio of the main heater power. The top zone heater
reacts as a ratio of the mains heater power to control the axial gradient.
Read Example: SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD2?
Response: 0.05
Set Example: SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD2 0.08
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR<x>[?] [n]
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set a control temperature calibration parameter. “x” is a numeric value that shows the
parameter. [1] = PAR1=Temp 1,PAR2=Temp 2, PAR3=Temp 3. “n” is the entered value of the
parameter. Range = ±50.00; Defaults: 0.000. The Chapter 4 for more information.
Read Example: SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR1?
Response: 0.0
Set Example: SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR2 0.02
3-23
9190A
Operators Manual
SOUR:SENS:CAL:TEMP<x>?
Read the required calibration temperature (°C) that corresponds to a calibration parameter. “x” is
a numeric value indicating the parameter [1] = TEMP1, [2] = TEMP2, AND [3] = TEMP3.
Range = {1-3}; Default = 1.
Example: SOUR:SENS:CAL:TEMP1?
Response: 40
SOUR:SENS:DATA? [TEMP]
Read the control temperature, °C or °F. The current control temperature is returned if the above
or if TEMP is appended to the end of the example.
Example: SOUR:SENS:DATA? or SOUR:SENS:DATA? TEMP
Response: 30.285°C (current control temp)
SOUR:SENS:DATA? [RES]
Read the control sensor resistance. When RES is appended to the end of the example above, the
internal sensor resistance is returned.
Example: SOUR:SENS:DATA? RES
Response: 111.28
SOUR:SENS:ROUT {0 | 1}
Enable/disable the external control sensor.
SOUR:SPO[?] [n]
This command reads or sets the value of the control SETPOINT in the temperature unit set.
Range = {Min -110.00, Max 140.00} Default = 25.00
Read Example: SOUR:SPO?
Response: 50.000
Set Example: SOUR:SPO 100.00
SOUR:STAB:BEEP[?] [n]
Enable or disable the audible stability alert.
[0] is disable, [1] is enable beep.
Default:1 (Enable Beep).
Read Example: SOUR:STAB:BEEP?
Response: 1
Set Example: SOUR:STAB:BEEP 0
SOUR:STAB:DAT?
Read the control temperature stability, °C or °F. The controller stability is returned.
Example: SOUR:STAB:DAT?
Response: 0.306
3-24
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
SOUR:STAB:LIM[?] [n]
Read or set the control temperature stability limit, °C or °F. “n” is a positive real value.
Range = {0.01 to 9.99 (°C)}; Default: 0.05 (°C).
Read Example: SOUR:STAB:LIM?
Response: 0.05
Set Example: SOUR:STAB:LIM 0.03
SOUR:STAB:TEST?
Read the temperature stability test results. A value of 0 is returned if the controller is not stable at
the current SETPOINT. Otherwise a value of 1 is returned if the controller is stable at the current
SETPOINT.
Stable = 1; Unstable = 0.
Example: SOUR:STAB:TEST?
Response: 0
SYST:BEEP:IMM
Beep the system beeper. The system beeper should make an audible sound in response to this
command.
Example: SYST:BEEP:IMM
SYST:BEEP:KEYB[?] [n]
Read or set the keyboard beep function.
0=Off, 1=On. Default: 1.
Read Example: SYST:BEEP:KEYB?
Response: 1
Set Example: SYST:BEEP:KEYB 1
SYST:CODE:LANG?
Read the language set option: 1: European; 2: Asian.
European: ENGLish (default), FRENch, GERMan, PORTuguese, SPANish, RUSSian
Asian: ENGLish (default), CHINese, JAPanese, KORean
Example: SYST:CODE:LANG?
Response: 2
SYST:CODE:VERS?
Read the main code version. Supplies the user with the version of the main processor code.
Example: SYST:CODE:VERS?
Response: 1.10
SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD[?] [<baud>]
Read or set serial interface baud rate where “baud” is a standard baud rate value.
Range baud = {1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, and 38400}; Default: 9600.
Read Example: SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD? Response: 2400
Set Example: SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD 9600
3-25
9190A
Operators Manual
SYST:COMM:SER:LIN[?] [n]
Set serial interface linefeed enable. “n” is a value 1 or 0.
[0] = LF OFF, [1] = LF ON; Default: 1 (OFF).
Read Example: SYST:COMM:SER:LIN?
Response: 0
Set Example: SYST:COMM:SER:LIN 1
SYST:CONF:MOD?
Read the presence of the –P module.
[0] if no –P sensor module, [1] if –P sensor card is installed
Example: SYST:CONF:MOD?
Response: 1
SYST:DATE[?] [<year>,<month>,<day>] (-P model only)
Note
This command is conditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the System Date Setting with numbers separated by commas (yyyy,mm,dd).
Read Example: SYST:DATE?
Response: 2007,05,24
Set Example: SYST:DATE 2007,05,24
SYST:DEC:FORM[?] [n]
Read or set the decimal format. “n” is period [0], comma [1]. Default: 0 (Period)
Read Example: SYST:DEC:FORM?
Response: 0
Set Example: SYST:DEC:FORM 1
SYST:ERR?
Read the most resent error from the error queue. This command response reports the errors in the
error queue.
Example: SYST:ERR?
Response: command protected
SYST:KLOC[?] [n]
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Locks or unlocks the system keypad that restricts control to only through the serial interface
(RS-232 port) or the keypad.
[0] = unlock, and [1] = lock. Default: 0 (Unlock).
Read Example: SYST:KLOCK?
Response: 1
Set Example: SYST:KLOC 1
3-26
Remote Operation
Remote Operation Commands
3
SYST:LANG <lang>
Set the display language. The available languages are dependent upon which version of the
product is supplied. The version is dependent upon the final destination and configuration.
European: ENGLish (default), FRENch, GERMan, PORTuguese, SPANish, RUSSian
Asian: ENGLish (default), CHINese, JAPanese, KORean
Example: SYST:LANG SPAN
SYST:LANG:CAT?
Read the available display languages. The available languages are dependent upon which version
of the product is supplied. The version is dependent upon the final destination and configuration.
European: ENGLish (default), FRENch, GERMan, PORTuguese, RUSSian, SPANish
Asian: ENGLish (default), CHINese, JAPanese, KORean
Example European: SYST:LANG:CAT?
Response: “ENGL”,”FREN”,”SPAN”,”PORT”,”GERM”,“RUSS”
SYST:PASS:CDIS
Disable access to password protected setting commands. This command disables the system
password protection.
Example: SYST:PASS:CDIS
Response: This command has no response.
SYST:PASS:CEN [n]
This command enables the system password. This password needs to be enabled in order to use
the conditionally protected commands. When the power of the instrument is cycled, system
password protection is disabled. “n” is a four digit password.
Range = {0000 – 9999}; Default: 1234.
Example: SYST:PASS:CEN 1234
Response: This command has no response.
SYST:PASS:CEN:STAT?
Read the access state of password protected setting commands. This command reports the current
status of the system password.
Example: SYST:PASS:CEN:STAT?
Response: 0
SYST:PASS:NEW <n>|DEF
Note
This command is unconditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Set the password, where “n” is the new four digit password.
Range = {0000 – 9999}; Default: 1234.
Example: SYST:PASS:NEW 1234
Response: This command has no response.
3-27
9190A
Operators Manual
SYST:PASS:PROT[?] [0|1]
Read or set password protection level.
[0] = low, [1] = high
Read Example: SYST:PASS:PROT?
Response: 0
Set Example: SYST:PASS:PROT 1
SYST:TIME[?] [<hh,mm,ss] (-P model only)
Note
This command is conditionally protected, that requires a password to set it.
Read or set the System Time <hh,mm,ss> (24 hr time only).
Range: hh = {0 – 23}, mm = {0 – 59}, ss = {0 – 59}
Example: SYST:TIME?
Response: 23,51,05
Set Example: SYST:TIME 14,15,05
UNIT:TEMP[?] [n]
Read or set the display temperature units, where “n” is a character “C” or “F”.
Default: C.
Read Example: UNIT:TEMP?
Response: C
Set Example: UNIT:TEMP F
3-28
Chapter 4
Calibration
Title
Introduction ..........................................................................................................
Temperature Source Calibration ..........................................................................
Fundamentals ...................................................................................................
Terminology ....................................................................................................
Calibration Equipment.....................................................................................
Temperature Source Specifications .................................................................
Environmental Conditions ...............................................................................
Temperature Source Calibration Procedure.....................................................
UUT and Equipment Setup .........................................................................
As Found Data Collection ...........................................................................
Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration.............................................................
Uniformity Alignment 2nd Iteration ...........................................................
Uniformity Alignment 3rd Iteration ............................................................
Accuracy Alignment ...................................................................................
As Left Accuracy ........................................................................................
As Left Uniformity ......................................................................................
As Left Stability ..........................................................................................
Guard Bands ................................................................................................
9190A Input Panel Calibration ............................................................................
Fundamentals ...................................................................................................
Terminology ....................................................................................................
Calibration Equipment.....................................................................................
Environmental Conditions ...............................................................................
Input Panel Calibration Procedure ...................................................................
Input Panel Calibration/Tests ......................................................................
Readout Specifications ................................................................................
Reference Accuracy Test ............................................................................
UUT PRT 4-Wire Test ................................................................................
UUT PRT 3-Wire Test ................................................................................
Reference Accuracy Alignment ..................................................................
UUT Thermocouple Calibration .................................................................
Thermocouple Accuracy Test .....................................................................
Thermocouple Reference Junction Accuracy Test......................................
Thermocouple Reference Junction and Accuracy Alignment .....................
Thermocouple Accuracy Alignment ...........................................................
4-20 mA Input Calibration ..........................................................................
4-20 mA Accuracy Test ..............................................................................
24 V Source Test .........................................................................................
4-20 mA Accuracy Alignment ....................................................................
Page
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-8
4-9
4-10
4-10
4-12
4-13
4-13
4-14
4-14
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-16
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-18
4-19
4-20
4-21
4-21
4-22
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-23
4-24
4-24
4-1
9190A
Operators Manual
4-2
Calibration
Introduction
4
Introduction
This chapter contains calibration procedures for the Calibrator.
Note
The Calibrator is referred to as the UUT (unit under test) in the calibration
procedures in this Chapter.
Temperature Source Calibration
Figure 4-1 shows a flow chart of the calibration procedure.
Note
For assistance with the calibration process, contact an Authorized Service
Center. See “How to Contact Fluke Calibration” in Chapter 1.
This procedure is to be considered a general guideline. Each laboratory
should write their own procedure based on their equipment and their
quality program. Each procedure should be accompanied by an uncertainty
analysis also based on the laboratory’s equipment and environment.
4-3
9190A
Operators Manual
Calibration Process Flow Chart
Calibration
Procedure Start
Set up calibration
equipment
4-20 mA
Accuracy Test
No
(-P Model)?
Temperature
Source
Yes
24V Source
Test
Input Panel
Calibration
Thermocouple
Accuracy Test
Thermocouple
Reference Junction
Accuracy Test
Temperature
Source
Calibration
4-20 mA
Accuracy
Alignment
Done
Thermocouple
Reference Junction
Alignment
4-20 mA
Accuracy Test
Thermocouple
Accuracy
Alignment
Thermocouple
Accuracy Test
Yes
Reference
Accuracy Test
Readout
passed?
No
UUT PRT 4-Wire
Accuracy Test
Repeat
UUT PRT 3-Wire
Accuracy Test
Reference
Accuracy
Alignment
Reference
Accuracy Test
UUT PRT 4-Wire
Accuracy Test
UUT PRT 3-Wire
Accuracy Test
Figure 4-1. Calibration Procedure
Fundamentals
1. Only personnel that are qualified should calibrate the product.
2. Input panel calibration or temperature source calibration may be optional and
depends on UUT configuration and customer requirement.
4-4
gzs051.eps
Calibration
Temperature Source Calibration
4
Terminology
Table 4-1 lists the terms that are used throughout this procedure.
Table 4-1. Calibration Terminology
Term
Definition
UUT
Unit under test (for this procedure, this is the 9190A)
Test Sleeve Insert
A cylindrical aluminum insert with drilled probe holes that fits into the UUT.
Readout
Electronic device that can measure the probe resistance and convert it to
temperature.
PRT
Platinum Resistance Thermometer (also referred to as a temperature probe).
Primary PRT or
Primary Reference
The temperature probe that is placed in the insert front hole at 0 mm. (Probe is
bottomed out in the front-insert hole.) See Figure 4-2.
Secondary PRT or
Secondary Ref
The temperature probe that is placed in the insert rear hole at 30 mm up from the
bottom of the Insert. The Reference Probe bottoms out at 30 mm in the rear insert
hole. Figure 4-2.
As Found Data
Data taken on the UUT before it is adjusted.
As Left Data
Data taken on the UUT after it is adjusted.
SETPOINT
Target temperature value the UUT controls to.
Axial Uniformity
Error or Uniformity
Error
The difference in temperature at one height in the UUT temperature block to a
different height in the temperature block along the vertical axis.
4-5
9190A
Operators Manual
Calibration Equipment
The equipment in Table 4-2 is required to complete the calibration procedure.
Table 4-2. Calibration Equipment
Primary Reference
Classifications
Minimum Use Specifications
Suggested Equipment
Readout
20 ppm
Fluke Calibration 1560 with a
2560 SPRT Module
PRT
0.008 °C at 0 °C
5628 Secondary Standard PRT
with RTPW Calibration
Secondary Reference
Classifications
Minimum Use Specifications
Suggested Equipment
Readout
20 ppm
Fluke Calibration 1560 with a
2560 SPRT Module
PRT
0.008 °C at 0 °C
5628 Secondary Standard PRT
with RTPW Calibration
Aluminum Insert
Two, 0.25 inch diameter x 6.25
inch deep holes
Temperature Source Specifications
See specifications in Chapter 1.
Environmental Conditions
Laboratory environmental conditions required to complete this procedure:
• Temperature range: 23 °C ± 4 °C. Temperature needs to be stable when calibration is
in progress.
• Low wind and draft area.
• Ambient relative humidity: below 60 %
Temperature Source Calibration Procedure
UUT and Equipment Setup
Put the primary PRT and the secondary PRT in the Insert as shown in Figure 4-2. Elevate
the secondary PRT 30 mm off the bottom of the Insert.
4-6
Calibration
Temperature Source Calibration
4
To Readout (see “Suggested Equipment” in Table 4-2)
Secondary PRT (30 mm)
Primary PRT (0 mm)
Test Sleeve Insert
9190
A
Figure 4-2. Test Sleeve Orientation
gzs052.eps
Connect both PRTs to the readout. It is best to make simultaneous measurements of both
the primary and secondary PRT when PRT data is measured from the readout. If the
readout only has one input channel, take the primary PRT readings back to back with the
secondary PRT without delay.
A remote connection to the product is required to complete this procedure. Use the
instructions in Chapter 3 “Remote Operation” to set up the remote connection to the
UUT.
4-7
9190A
Operators Manual
As Found Data Collection
If As Found data is not needed, do not perform this procedure and start the Uniformity
Alignment 1st Iteration procedure on page 4-9.
Collect the data as follows:
1. Set the UUT SETPOINT temperature to 140 °C. Monitor the UUT Stability Status
indicator to make sure the temperature is stable.
2. Let the UUT to soak at the 140 °C SETPOINT for 45 minutes after the Stability
Status indicator shows that the temperature is stable (flat line). Take 40
measurements from the primary PRT and the secondary PRT simultaneously.
Calculate the average temperature and 2σ (2 x standard deviation) of the
measurements taken. Also calculate the uniformity error as follows:
Uniformity Error = PRT secondary – PRT primary
Enter the results in Table 4-3 and Table 4-4. Compare the results to the specifications
in Chapter 1.
3. Continue to record the temperature of the primary reference probe for 30 minutes and
compute the standard deviation and multiply by two. Enter the result in Table 4-5.
Compare the result to the specification.
Repeat the As Found Data Collection procedure for each of the other SETPOINT
temperatures listed in Table 4-3, Table 4-4, and Table 4-5.
Table 4-3. As Found Accuracy Results
UUT
SETPOINT
°C
4-8
Number of
Samples
Average
PRT
Primary
Reading
°C
Error: PRT
Primary –
SETPOINT
°C
2σ Limit
Specification
(±°C)
2σ PRT
Primary
(over the
40
samples)
140 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
100 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
25 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
0 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
−45 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
−95 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
Calibration
Temperature Source Calibration
4
Table 4-4. As Found Uniformity Results
UUT
SETPOINT °C
Number of
Samples
Average PRT
Secondary
Reading °C
Average PRT
Primary °C
Uniformity
Error °C =
PRTsecPRTprim
Specification
°C
140 °C
40
0.05 °C
100 °C
40
0.05 °C
25 °C
40
0.05 °C
0 °C
40
0.05 °C
−45 °C
40
0.05 °C
−95 °C
40
0.05 °C
Table 4-5. As Found Stability Specifications
SETPOINTS °C
Stability
2σ Spec (±°C)
Soak Time
(minutes)
Duration
(minutes)
140 °C
0.015 °C
45
30
0 °C
0.015 °C
45
30
−95 °C
0.015 °C
45
30
Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration
Perform the 1st Uniformity Alignment as follows:
1. Set the UUT SETPOINT temperature to -90 °C and engage the temperature control.
2. Monitor the Stability Status indicator to ensure the heat source is stable. Let the UUT
soak at the -90 °C SETPOINT for 45 minutes after the Stability Status indicator
shows that the temperature is stable (flat line). Measure the ACTUAL gradient,
which is the temperature of the secondary PRT (30 mm probe) minus the temperature
of the primary PRT (0 mm probe). Take the average of 40 samples for each of the
probes. Calculate as follows:
ACTUAL grad = T30 - T0
3. Query the UUT gradient sensor reading with this serial command:
SOUR:SENS:GRAD:DATA?
4. Repeat this 40 times to get an average of the gradient sensor reading. This value is
called “UUT grad”. Calculate the Error with this formula:
ERROR1 = UUT grad – ACTUAL grad
5. If the magnitude of ERROR1 is less than 0.012, skip to the next Gradient calibration
temperature and repeat the Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration procedure.
6. Query the UUT GRAD 1 calibration parameter as follows:
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD1?
7. Grad 1 is associated with UUT block temperature -90 °C. Calculate the new Grad 1
calibration parameter as follows:
NewGRAD 1 = GRAD 1 – ERROR1
4-9
9190A
Operators Manual
8. Enter the NewGRAD 1 calibration parameter into the UUT from the front panel: MENU
> SYSTEM MENU > CALIB > CAL POINTS or send the NewGRAD 1 calibration
parameter to the UUT with these serial commands:
SYST:PASS:CEN <password>
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD1 <New_GRAD 1>
9. Let the UUT soak at the -90 °C SETPOINT for 45 minutes after the change to the
NewGRAD 1 parameter.
Uniformity Alignment 2nd Iteration
Perform the 2nd uniformity alignment as follows:
1. With the UUT still at -90 °C from the previous Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration
procedure, measure the ACTUAL gradient, which is the temperature of the secondary
PRT (30 mm probe) minus the temperature of the primary PRT (0 mm probe). Take
the average of 40 samples for each of the probes. Calculate as follows:
ACTUAL grad = T30 - T0
2. Query the UUT gradient sensor reading with this serial command:
SOUR:SENS:GRAD:DATA?
3. Repeat this 40 times to get an average of the gradient sensor reading. This value is
called “UUT grad”. Calculate the Error with this formula:
ERROR1 = UUT grad – ACTUAL grad
4. If the magnitude of ERROR1 is less than 0.012, skip to the next Gradient calibration
temperature and repeat the Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration procedure.
5. Query the UUT GRAD 1 calibration parameter with this command:
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD1?
6. Grad 1 is associated with UUT block temperature -90 °C. Calculate the new Grad 1
calibration parameter as follows:
NewGRAD 1 = GRAD 1 – ERROR1
7. Enter the NewGRAD 1 calibration parameter into the UUT from the front panel: MENU
> SYSTEM MENU > CALIB > CAL POINTS or send the NewGRAD 1 calibration
parameter to the UUT with these serial commands:
SYST:PASS:CEN <password>
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD1 <New_GRAD 1>
8. Let the UUT soak at the -90 °C SETPOINT for 45 minutes after the change to the
NewGRAD 1 parameter.
Uniformity Alignment 3rd Iteration
Perform the 3rd uniformity alignment as follows:
1. With the UUT still at -90 °C from the previous Uniformity Alignment 2nd Iteration
procedure, measure the ACTUAL gradient, which is the temperature of the secondary
PRT (30 mm probe) minus the temperature of the primary PRT (0 mm probe. Take
the average of 40 samples for each of the probes. Calculate as follows:
ACTUAL grad = T30 - T0
2. Query the UUT gradient sensor reading with this serial command:
4-10
Calibration
Temperature Source Calibration
4
SOUR:SENS:GRAD:DATA?
3. Repeat this 40 times to get an average of the gradient sensor reading. This value is
called “UUT grad”. Calculate the Error with this formula:
ERROR1 = UUT grad – ACTUAL grad
4. If the magnitude of ERROR1 is less than 0.012, skip to the next Gradient calibration
temperature and repeat the Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration procedure.
5. Query the UUT GRAD 1 calibration parameter with this serial command:
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD1?
6. Calculate the new Grad 1 calibration parameter as follows:
NewGRAD 1 = GRAD 1 – 0.7 x ERROR1
7. Enter the NewGRAD 1 calibration parameter into the UUT from the front panel: MENU
> SYSTEM MENU > CALIB > CAL POINTS or send the NewGRAD 1 calibration
parameter to the UUT with these serial commands:
SYST:PASS:CEN <password>
SOUR:SENS:CAL:GRAD1 <New_GRAD 1>
8. Let the UUT soak at the -90 °C SETPOINT for 45 minutes after the change to the
GRAD1 parameter.
9. With the UUT still at -90 °C from the previous Uniformity Alignment 3rd Iteration
procedure, measure the ACTUAL gradient, which is the temperature of the secondary
PRT (30 mm probe) minus the temperature of the primary PRT (0 mm probe). Take
the average of 40 samples for each of the probes. Calculate as follows:
ACTUAL grad = T30 - T0
10. Query the gradient sensor reading from the UUT , with this serial command:
SOUR:SENS:GRAD:DATA?
11. Repeat this 40 times to get an average of the gradient sensor reading. This value is
called “UUT grad”. Calculate the Error with this formula:
ERROR1 = UUT grad – ACTUAL grad
12. If the magnitude of ERROR1 is less than 0.012, skip to the next Grad cal temperature.
If the magnitude of the error is still greater than 0.012, contact an authorized Fluke
Calibration Service Center (see Chapter 1).
13. Repeat the Uniformity Alignment 1st Iteration procedure for the SETPOINT
temperatures listed below:
•
•
0 °C
140 °C
4-11
9190A
Operators Manual
Accuracy Alignment
An Accuracy Alignment is a measurement of the UUT block temperature and then
comparing the error between what the primary PRT measures and what the UUT shows.
This is done for the three different temperatures specified.
Perform the Accuracy Alignment as follows:
1. Let the UUT soak at the 140 °C SETPOINT for 45 minutes. Send this serial
command to read the UUT display temperature:
SOUR:SENS:DATA?
2. Take the average of 40 samples of the UUT display temperature (UUTDISP_TEMP).
Take the average of 40 samples from the primary PRT (ACTUALTEMP). Calculate as
follows:
NEWOFFSET3 = OLDOFFSET3 – (ACTUALTEMP - UUTDISP_TEMP)
OLDOFFSET3 = the current accuracy offset parameter stored in the UUT for the
140 °C point.
3. Enter the NEWOFFSET3 value calibration parameter into the UUT from the front panel:
MENU > SYSTEM MENU > CALIB > CAL POINTS > TEMP_3 or send these
serial commands:
SYST:PASS:CEN <password>
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR3 XXX.XXX
4. Repeat the procedure for these UUT block temperatures:
•
•
•
0 °C
-90 °C
0 °C
5. Measure the 0 °C point twice, once descending in temperature, and once ascending in
temperature.
6. Take the average of the two 0 °C data sets for the (BlockTEMP) value when calculating
the accuracy offset parameter. Use this equation:
NEWOFFSET2 = OLDOFFSET2 –
ACTUALTEMP – (UUTDISP
TEMP UP
+ UUTDISP
TEMP DOWN)
2
7. Use Table 4-6 to determine the correct calibration parameter to adjust for each of the
SETPOINT temperatures.
Table 4-6. Accuracy Calibration Parameter Serial Commands
Temperature
4-12
Calibration Parameter
Serial Command
−90 °C
TEMP1
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR1[?]
0 °C
TEMP2
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR2[?]
140 °C
TEMP3
SOUR:SENS:CAL:PAR3[?]
Calibration
Temperature Source Calibration
4
As Left Accuracy
Take primary PRT data at each of the UUT SETPOINT temperatures listed in Table 4-7.
Let the UUT stabilize and then soak for 45 minutes for each of the temperatures.
Table 4-7. As Left Accuracy Specifications
UUT
SETPOINT
°C
Number of
Samples
Average
PRT
Primary
Reading
°C
Error: PRT
Primary –
SETPOINT
°C
2σ Limit
Specification
(±°C)
2σ PRT
Primary
(over the
40
samples)
140 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
100 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
25 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
0 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
−45 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
−95 °C
40
0.200 °C
0.02 °C
As Left Uniformity
The final uniformity data found in step 11 of the Uniformity Alignment 3rd Iteration can
be used for the As Left uniformity data. Use the data from the final iteration for each of
the three different temperatures.
Table 4-8. As Left Uniformity Results
UUT
SETPOINT °C
Number of
Samples
Average PRT
Secondary °C
Average PRT
Primary °C
Uniformity
Error °C =
PRTsecPRTprim
Specification
°C
140 °C
40
0.05 °C
100 °C
40
0.05 °C
25 °C
40
0.05 °C
0 °C
40
0.05 °C
−45 °C
40
0.05 °C
−95 °C
40
0.05 °C
4-13
9190A
Operators Manual
As Left Stability
Take stability data at the temperatures listed in Table 4-9. Compare the results to the
specification. The data can be taken after the accuracy data is taken in As Left Accuracy
for each of the temperatures listed in Table 4-9.
Table 4-9. As Left Stability Specifications
SETPOINT °C
2σ
Spec (±°C)
Soak time min
Duration min
140 °C
0.015 °C
45
30
0 °C
0.015 °C
45
30
−95 °C
0.015 °C
45
30
Guard Bands
Guard bands are used to make sure the UUT is calibrated to a level better than the actual
specification. This compensates for any drift that can occur over the calibration interval.
If drift does occur, the unit would still be in specification. The guard bands can be applied
differently to the As Found specification and the As Left specification. Typically the As
Left guard band is tighter than the As Found guard band. Guard band limits are
determined by the user and are decided by criteria such as:
• Calibration interval
• Environmental conditions
• Unit performance
4-14
Calibration
9190A Input Panel Calibration
4
9190A Input Panel Calibration
Note
For assistance with the calibration process, contact an Authorized Service
Center. See “How to Contact Fluke Calibration” in Chapter 1.
This procedure is to be considered a general guideline. Each laboratory
should write their own procedure based on their equipment and their
quality program. Each procedure should be accompanied by an uncertainty
analysis also based on the laboratory’s equipment and environment.
Figure 4-1 shows a flow chart of the calibration procedure.
Fundamentals
1. Only personnel that are qualified should calibrate the product.
2. Input panel calibration or temperature source calibration may be optional and
depends on UUT configuration and customer requirement.
Terminology
If the optional process version (-P model) was purchased, the 9190A has an additional
input panel that requires routine calibration. The optional process version (-P model) is
also referred to as the Input panel (see –P Option Panel in Chapter 2).
Table 4-10 lists the terms that are used throughout this procedure.
Table 4-10. Calibration Terminology
Term
Definition
UUT
Unit under test (for this procedure, this is the 9190A)
Test Sleeve Insert
A cylindrical aluminum insert with drilled probe holes that fits into the UUT.
Readout
Electronic device that can measure the probe resistance and convert it to
temperature.
PRT
Platinum Resistance Thermometer (also referred to as a temperature probe).
Primary PRT or
Primary Reference
The temperature probe that is placed in the insert front hole at 0 mm. (Probe is
bottomed out in the front-insert hole.) See Figure 4-2.
Secondary PRT or
Secondary Ref
The temperature probe that is placed in the insert front hole at 30 mm. The
Reference Probe bottoms out at 30 mm in the rear insert hole. Figure 4-2.
As Found Data
Data taken on the UUT before it is calibrated.
As Left Data
Data taken on the UUT after it is calibrated.
SETPOINT
Target temperature value the UUT controls to.
Axial Uniformity
Error or Uniformity
Error
The difference in temperature at one height in the UUT temperature block to a
different height in the temperature block along the z axis. The Axial Uniformity is
referred to as the Vertical Gradient.
4-15
9190A
Operators Manual
Calibration Equipment
The equipment in Table 4-11 is required to complete the calibration procedure.
Table 4-11. External Reference Calibration Equipment Specifications
Classification
Minimum Use Specifications
Four-Wire Resistors
See Table 4-12
Voltage/Current Source
Voltage: ± 6 ppm + 0.6 μV
Amperage: ± 40 ppm + 80 nA
Ice Point
25 °C, Stability: ±0.02 °C
Readout
Accuracy: 0.0025 °C
Probe
0.02 °C at 25 °C
Thermocouples
0.025 °C at 25 °C
Type E characterized wire at 25 °C
Table 4-12. Standard Resistor Specifications
US1 (k=1)
Resistance
(Ω)
4-16
Reference
Resistor
Uncertainty
(ppm)
Reference
Resistor
Uncertainty
(Ω)
US2 (k=1)
TCR
Uncertainty
(ppm)
UT (k=1)
TCR
Uncertainty
(Ω)
UT (k=2)
Total Uncertainty (Ω)
0
--
0.000040
--
--
0.00004
0.00008
25
1.80
0.000045
0.3
0.0000075
0.000045
0.00009
100
2.00
0.00020
0.3
0.00003
0.000205
0.00041
200
2.65
0.00053
0.3
0.00006
0.00055
0.0011
400
2.65
0.00106
0.3
0.00012
0.0011
0.0022
Calibration
9190A Input Panel Calibration
4
Environmental Conditions
Laboratory environmental conditions required to complete this procedure:
•
•
Temperature range: 23 °C ±4 °C
Ambient relative humidity: below 60 %
Input Panel Calibration Procedure
Input Panel Calibration/Tests
Notes
• The inputs on the Input panel can be calibrated in any order. When a
calibration of a input is started, finish the procedure before another
input calibration is started.
• Before thermocouple tests are started, the instrument must be turned
on and the heat source set to 25.0 °C for at least 30 minutes to allow
sufficient time for warm-up.
• Thermocouple tests requires the technician to connect or disconnect
the voltage source and Type E TC probes.
Readout Specifications
See Chapter 1 for the Input panel specifications.
Reference Accuracy Test
The Reference Accuracy Test is used to collect As Found, Alignment, and As Left data
(see Table 4-13).
Note
All Reference Accuracy Tests are to be performed in Ohms.
Table 4-13. Reference Probe and UUT PRT Input Process
#
Nominal(s) Ω
Test Name
Notes
1
Reference Accuracy Test
0, 25, 100, 200, 400
As Found/Alignment data - Reference
input
2
UUT PRT 4-wire Accuracy Test
100
As Found data – UUT input
3
UUT PRT 3-wire Accuracy Test
100
As Found data – UUT input
4
Reference Accuracy Alignment
-
Calculate offsets with Alignment data
5
Reference Accuracy Test
0, 25, 100, 200, 400
As Left data – Reference input
6
UUT PRT 4-wire Accuracy Test
100
As Left data – UUT input
7
UUT PRT 3-wire Accuracy Test
100
As Left data – UUT input
1. Turn on the PRT reference input on the Calibrator (see “Reference Probe Input
Setup” in Chapter 2.
2. Set the instrument conversion type for the PRT reference input to resistance.
3. Connect the short (0 Ω).
4. Let readout stabilize for 70 seconds.
4-17
9190A
Operators Manual
5. Take resistance measurements from the reference probe input at a 2-second interval.
Take a minimum of 40 samples.
6. Connect the 25 Ω resistor.
7. Let readout stabilize for 70 seconds.
8. Take resistance measurements from the reference probe input at a 2-second interval.
Take a minimum of 40 samples.
9. Connect the 100 Ω resistor.
10. Let readout stabilize for 70 seconds.
11. Take resistance measurements from the reference probe input at a 2-second interval.
Take a minimum of 40 samples.
12. Connect the 200 Ω resistor.
13. Let readout stabilize for 70 seconds.
14. Take resistance measurements from the reference probe input at a 2-second interval.
Take a minimum of 40 samples.
15. Connect the 400 Ω resistor.
16. Let readout stabilize for 70 seconds.
17. Take resistance measurements from the reference probe input at a 2-second interval.
Take a minimum of 40 samples.
18. Calculate the average of the measurements taken. Record these results.
19. Calculate the error with the formula below where actual is the calibrated resistance
value of the standard resistor. Record this result.
Error = Average – Actual
20. Compare the error with the specification to determine the status. Record the result.
UUT PRT 4-Wire Test
The UUT PRT 4-Wire Test is used to collect As Found and As Left data.
Note
All Reference Accuracy Tests are to be performed in Ohms.
Perform the UUT PRT 4-Wire Test as follows:
1. Connect the 100 Ω resistor in the 4-wire UUT configuration (see Figure 4-3).
2. Set the instrument to take UUT measurements from the PRT input.
3. Set the instrument to 4-wire mode for the UUT PRT input.
4. Set the instrument conversion type for the UUT PRT input to resistance.
5. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
6. Take resistance measurements from the UUT PRT input at a 2-second interval. Take
a minimum of 40 samples.
7. Calculate the average of the measurements taken. Record these results.
4-18
Calibration
9190A Input Panel Calibration
4
8. Calculate the error with the formula below where actual is the calibrated resistance
value of the standard resistor. Record this result.
Error = Average – Actual
9. Compare the error with the spec to determine the status. Record the result.
4-Wire Reference Probe
Probe Connector
1 6 5
2
3 4
Resistance Standard
Shield
CURRENT
SENSE
HI
HI
9190
A
RTD Sensor
LO
LO
Resistance Standard
4-Wire PRT
CURRENT
3-Wire PRT
SENSE
HI
HI
LO
LO
Figure 4-3. 4-Wire Setup
gzs054.eps
UUT PRT 3-Wire Test
The UUT PRT 3-Wire Test is used to collect As Found and As Left data.
Note
All Reference Accuracy Tests are to be performed in Ohms.
Perform the UUT PRT 3-Wire Test as follows:
1. Connect the 100 Ω resistor in the 3-wire UUT configuration (see Figure 4-3).
2. Set the instrument to take UUT measurements from the PRT input.
3. Set the instrument to 3-wire mode for the UUT PRT input.
4-19
9190A
Operators Manual
4. Set the instrument conversion type for the UUT PRT input to resistance.
5. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
6. Take resistance measurements from the UUT PRT input at a 2-second interval. Take
a minimum of 40 samples.
7. Calculate the average of the measurements taken. Record these results.
8. Calculate the error with the formula below where actual is the calibrated resistance
value of the standard resistor. Record this result.
Error = Average – Actual
9. Compare the error with the spec to determine the status. Record the result.
Reference Accuracy Alignment
The Reference Accuracy Alignment process calculates new offsets to be programmed
into the instrument for the reference probe input to correct for measured errors at specific
points over the resistance range of the input.
Perform the Reference Accuracy Alignment as follows:
1. Locate the results of the Reference Accuracy Tests.
2. Use the calculated errors and the previous (current) offset values and calculate the
new offset values for each reference accuracy parameter with the formulas below:
REF1C0new = REF1C0previous – error0 ohms
REF1C100new = REF1C100previous + (0.625 x error0 ohms) – (0.5 x error100 ohms) – (0.125 x
error400 ohms)
3. Enter the new offset values into the instrument.
4. Let the readout stabilize for 70 seconds before a measurement is made.
5. Take As Left data for the Reference Accuracy Test, UUT PRT 4-wire Accuracy Test
and UUT 3-wire Accuracy Tests.
4-20
Calibration
9190A Input Panel Calibration
4
UUT Thermocouple Calibration
Table 4-14 shows the order of the tests to be performed on the UUT thermocouple input.
Table 4-14. Thermocouple Input Testing Process
#
Test Name
Nominal(s) mV
Notes
1
Thermocouple Accuracy Test
−10, 0, 50, 100
As Found/Alignment data
2
Thermocouple Reference Junction
Accuracy Test
25 °C
As Found/Alignment data
3
Thermocouple Reference Junction
Alignment
-
Calculate reference junction offset with
Alignment data
4
Thermocouple Accuracy Alignment
-
Calculate offsets with Alignment data
5
Thermocouple Reference Junction
Accuracy Test
25°C
As Left data
6
Thermocouple Accuracy Test
−10, 0, 50, 100
As Left data
Thermocouple Accuracy Test
The Thermocouple Accuracy Test is used to collect As Found, Alignment, and As Left
data.
Perform the Thermocouple Accuracy Test as follows:
1. Connect the voltage source.
2. Turn on the TC reference in the UUT.
3. Set the instrument conversion type for the UUT thermocouple input to mV.
4. Turn on and set the voltage source to -10 mV.
5. Let the readout stabilize for a minimum of 20 seconds.
6. Take a minimum of 40 samples at a 2-second interval.
7. Turn on and set the voltage source to 0 mV.
8. Let the readout stabilize for a minimum of 20 seconds.
9. Take a minimum of 40 samples at a 2-second interval.
10. Turn on and set the voltage source to 50 mV.
11. Let the readout stabilize for a minimum of 20 seconds.
12. Take a minimum of 40 samples at a 2-second interval.
13. Turn on and set the voltage source to 100 mV.
14. Let the readout stabilize for a minimum of 20 seconds.
15. Take a minimum of 40 samples at a 2-second interval.
16. Calculate the average of the measurements taken.
17. Record the data as appropriate for the type of calibration or step in the process.
4-21
9190A
Operators Manual
Thermocouple Reference Junction Accuracy Test
The Thermocouple Cold Junction Accuracy Test is used to collect As Found, Alignment,
and As Left data.
Note
The Thermocouple Reference Junction Accuracy Test requires the use of a
Type-E thermocouple. This thermocouple must be put in a heat source and
controlled at a constant 25 °C throughout the duration of the test.
All Thermocouple Reference Junction Accuracy Tests are to be performed
in °C.
Perform the Thermocouple Cold Junction Accuracy Test as follows:
1. Connect the Type-E thermocouple to the thermocouple UUT connector on the
instrument.
2. Set the instrument to take UUT measurements from the thermocouple input.
3. Set the instrument conversion type for the UUT thermocouple input to TC-E.
4. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
5. Take temperature measurements from the UUT thermocouple input at a 2-second
interval for a minimum of 40 samples.
6. Calculate the average of the measurements taken. Record these results.
7. Calculate the error with the formula below. Record this result.
Error = Average – Nominal
8. Compare the error with the specification to determine the status. Record the result.
Thermocouple Reference Junction and Accuracy Alignment
The Thermocouple Reference Junction and Accuracy Alignment process calculates a new
offset to be programmed into the instrument for the UUT thermocouple reference
junction to correct for the measured error at 25 °C.
Perform the Thermocouple Reference Junction and Accuracy Alignment as follows:
1. Locate the results of the Thermocouple Reference Junction Accuracy Test.
2. Use the calculated errors and the previous (current) offset value, and calculate the
new offset value for the thermocouple reference junction accuracy parameter with the
formula below:
TCCRJnew = TCCRJprevious – Error 25 °C
3. Enter the new offset values into the instrument.
4. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds before a measurement is made.
5. Take As Left data with the steps outlined in the Thermocouple Reference Junction
Accuracy Test.
4-22
Calibration
9190A Input Panel Calibration
4
Thermocouple Accuracy Alignment
The Thermocouple Accuracy Alignment process calculates new offsets to be
programmed into the instrument for the UUT thermocouple input to correct for measured
errors at specific points over the voltage range of the input.
Perform the Thermocouple Accuracy Alignment as follows:
1. Locate the results of the Thermocouple Accuracy Tests.
2. With the calculated errors and the previous (current) offset values, calculate the new
offset values for each thermocouple accuracy parameter with the formulas below:
TCC0new = TCC0previous – error0mV
TCC100new = TCC100previous – (1.0 x error50mV) – (0.5 x error100mV)
3. Enter the new offset values into the instrument.
4. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds after the new offset values are entered before
a measurement is made.
5. Take As Left data with the steps outlined in the Thermocouple Accuracy Test.
4-20 mA Input Calibration
Table 4-15 shows the basic sequence of tests to be performed on the 4-20mA input.
Table 4-15. 4-20 mA Input Calibration Steps
#
Test Name
Nominal(s) mA
Notes
1
4-20 mA Accuracy Test
0, 4, 12, 20, 22
As Found/Alignment data
2
4-20 mA Accuracy Alignment
-
Calculate offsets with
Alignment data
3
4-20 mA Accuracy Test
0, 4, 12, 20, 22
As Left data
4
24 V Source Test
24 volts
Functional test
4-20 mA Accuracy Test
The 4-20 mA Accuracy Test is used to collect As Found, Alignment, and As Left data.
Note
All 4-20 mA Accuracy Tests are to be performed in mA.
Perform the 4-20 mA Accuracy Test as follows:
1. Connect the current source to the 4-20 mA UUT input connector.
2. Set the 4-20mA input to take UUT measurements.
3. Set the mA input LOOP POWER setting to DISABLED.
4. Set the current source to supply 0 mA.
5. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
6. Take mA measurements from the UUT mA input at a 2-second interval. Take a
minimum of 40 samples.
7. Set the current source to supply 4 mA.
8. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
4-23
9190A
Operators Manual
9. Take mA measurements from the 4-20 mA input at a 2-second interval. Take a
minimum of 40 samples.
10. Set the current source to supply 12 mA.
11. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
12. Take mA measurements from the UUT mA input at a 2-second interval. Take a
minimum of 40 samples.
13. Set the current source to supply 20 mA
14. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
15. Take mA measurements from the UUT mA input at a 2-second interval. Take a
minimum of 40 samples.
16. Set the current source to supply 22 mA
17. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds.
18. Take mA measurements from the UUT mA input at a 2-second interval. Take a
minimum of 40 samples.
19. Calculate the average of the measurements taken. Record these results.
20. Calculate the error with the formula below. Record this result.
Error = Average – Nominal
21. Compare the error with the spec to determine the status. Record the result.
24 V Source Test
The 24 V Source Test is used to collect As Found and As Left data.
Note
All 24V Source Tests are to be performed in mA.
Perform the 24 V Source Test as follows:
1. Connect the current source to the 4-20 mA UUT input connector.
2. Set the 4-20mA input to take UUT measurements.
3. Set the mA input LOOP POWER setting to ENABLE.
4. Connect the 1200 Ω resistor to the voltage source.
5. Set the voltage source to supply 24 volts.
6. Let the readout stabilize for 30 seconds.
7. Take 40 voltage measurements from the UUT 4-20 mA input at a 2-second interval.
8. Calculate the average of the measurements taken. Record these results.
9. Compare the average with the specifications to determine the status. Record the
result. Expected voltage is 18.00 V, with a specification of +/-1.8 V.
4-20 mA Accuracy Alignment
The 4-20 mA Accuracy Alignment process calculates new offsets to be programmed into
the instrument for the UUT 4-20mA input to correct for measured errors at specific points
over the current range of the input.
Perform the 4-20 mA Accuracy Alignment as follows:
4-24
Calibration
9190A Input Panel Calibration
4
1. Locate the results of the 4-20mA Accuracy Tests.
2. Use the calculated errors and the previous (current) offset values and calculate the
new offset values for each 4-20mA accuracy parameter with the formulas below:
MAC4new = MAC4previous – error4mA
MAC22new = MAC22previous – (0.915 x error12mA) – (0.5 x error22mA)
3. Enter the new offset values into the instrument.
4. Let the readout stabilize for 20 seconds after the new offset values are entered before
a measurement is made.
5. Take As Left data with the 4-20 mA Accuracy Test and the 24 V Source Test.
4-25
9190A
Operators Manual
4-26
Chapter 5
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Title
Introduction ..........................................................................................................
Maintenance .........................................................................................................
Clean the Product ............................................................................................
Moisture Removal ...........................................................................................
Clean the Insert ................................................................................................
Change the Fuses .............................................................................................
User-Replaceable Parts and Accessories .............................................................
Troubleshooting ...................................................................................................
Page
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-5
5-5
5-1
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Introduction
5
Introduction
This chapter supplies information on how to service the Calibrator.
Note
The Calibrator is referred to as the UUT (unit under test) in the calibration
procedures in this Chapter.
Maintenance
Clean the Product
Clean the Product surfaces with a damp cloth and mild detergent. Make sure liquids do
not go into the Product.
Moisture Removal
When the Calibrator is run at a temperature below 0 °C for a long period of time,
moisture can build up in the well. This moisture needs to be removed from the well.
To remove the moisture from the well and the insert probe holes:
1. Remove the rubber well insulator.
2. Set a 100 °C SETPOINT (see Chapter 2).
3. Cool the unit back to ambient.
4. Clean the insert (see “Clean the Insert”).
Note
Before you clean or decontaminate the Product with a procedure not
recommended by Fluke Calibration, speak with a Service Center associate
for more information.
Clean the Insert
The insert must be removed and cleaned regularly to prevent the buildup of hard-water
deposits. Hard-water deposits can make it difficult to remove the insert from the
Calibrator . If the insert is stuck in the well, use the special instructions in the “Insert
Installation and Removal Procedure” in Chapter 2.
To clean the insert, remove the insert with the removal procedure in Chapter 2. After the
insert is cool, wipe the insert with a cloth.
Change the Fuses
The Calibrator has a product fuse that protects from overcurrent and a circuit fuse to
protect the 4-20 mA input.
Warning
To prevent possible electrical shock, fire, or personal injury,
use only specified replacement parts.
To replace the fuses (see Figure 5-1):
1. Disconnect the mains-power cord from the power-entry module.
2. Open the power entry module or the 4-20 mA fuse holder and remove the fuse
holder.
3. Replace the fuses with exact replacements as indicated in the specifications in
Chapter 1.
5-3
9190A
Operators Manual
4-20 mA Circuit Fuse
2
1
Product Fuse
115V
PRS
115V
115V
230V
R
1
2
115V
4
3
Figure 5-1. Change the Product Fuses
5-4
gzs050.eps
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
User-Replaceable Parts and Accessories
5
User-Replaceable Parts and Accessories
Table 5-1 lists the part numbers of each user-replaceable part or accessory for the
Product.
Table 5-1. User-Replaceable Parts and Accessories
Name
Part Number
9190-INSX Insert (X=A, B, C, D, E, or F)
Contact Fluke Calibration
6-foot Mains Power Cord
Contact Fluke Calibration
USB Cable
3724037
Getting Started Manual
4106657
Product CD that contains manuals and remote interface driver files
4106640
9930 Interface-it Calibration Software and Users Guide
3751278
Well Insulator Cap
Contact Fluke Calibration
Insert Removal Tool
2123363
Clamp-on Ferrites (-P model only)
2404659
6-pin DIN Connector (-P model only)
3707630
Test Lead Kit (-P model only)
2530650
115 V regional voltage product fuse (6.3 A, T 250 V)
2476694
230 V regional voltage product fuse (5x20, 3.15 A, T 250 V)
2476701
Input-Panel Fuse (5x20, 50 mA, F 250 V)
3719614
Troubleshooting
In the event that the Product functions abnormally, Table 5-2 can help find and solve the
problem. Several possible problem conditions are described with likely causes and
solutions. If a problem occurs, please read this section carefully and attempt to
understand and solve the problem. If the Product seems faulty or the problem cannot
otherwise be solved, contact an Authorized Service Center for assistance. Be sure to have
the instrument model number, serial number, and voltage available.
5-5
9190A
Operators Manual
Table 5-2. Troubleshooting Chart
Problem
The instrument does
not turn on.
Causes and Solutions
Cause: Check the fuses.
Solution: If a fuse blows, it could be because of a power surge or a
component failure. Replace the fuse once. DO NOT replace the fuse with one
of a higher current rating. Always replace the fuse with one of the same rating,
voltage, and type. If the fuse blows a second time, it is likely caused by failure
of a component part.
Cause: Power Cord.
Solution: Check that the power cord is plugged in and connected to the
instrument.
Cause: AC Mains Power.
Solution: Insure the circuit that supplies power to the instrument is on.
5-6
Blank display. The
instrument powers up
and the fan turns on,
but the display is blank.
Cause: Contrast.
The instrument heats or
cools slowly.
Cause: Scan Rate.
The display shows an
abnormal temperature.
Cause: The sensor is disconnected, open or shorted.
The display shows
CUTOUT.
Cause: Cutout limit was exceeded.
Temperature readout is
not the actual
temperature of the
temperature block or
incorrect temperature
reading on the display.
Cause: Operating Parameters.
Solution: Check the screen contrast. Toggle the down arrow key to see if the
screen contrast darkens.
If the contrast is not the issue, contact an Authorized Customer Service
Center.
Solution: Check the Scan Rate settings. The Scan Rate may be set at too low
a rate per minute for the current application.
Solution: Please contact a Service Center for further instructions.
Solution: If the Metrology Well exceeds the temperature set in the soft cutout
menu, or if it exceeds the maximum operating temperature of the instrument, a
cutout condition occurs. If this happens, the unit enters cutout mode and will
not actively heat or cool until the user issues the command to clear the cutout
or resets the instrument. See “Reset an Over-Temperature Cutout” in
Chapter 2.
Solution: Check to make sure all operating parameters for the Product,
reference thermometer, and/or probe parameters match the Report of
Certification that was sent with the instrument and/or probe.
Cause: Electrical Interference.
Solution: Look for sources of electrical interference, such as motors, welders,
generating equipment nearby, or ground loops. Try shielding wires, removing
ground loops, or changing location. See “Clamp-on Ferrites” in Chapter 2.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
5
Table 5-2. Troubleshooting Chart (cont.)
Problem
Causes and Solutions
Probes stuck in the well at
low temperatures.
Cause: Moisture.
Solution: If the Product has been used at low temperatures for extended
periods of time, moisture could possibly have built up in the well that
formed ice. Set the temperature high enough to melt ice to remove
probes. Set the SETPOINT to +100 °C and let the moisture evaporate out
of the system.
Insert stuck in well.
Cause: If maintenance has not been performed on the insert as
described in the Maintenance Section and the insert cleaned periodically,
hard water build-up on the insert may cause it to stick.
Solution: Use the special removal instructions in the “Insert Installation
and Removal Procedure” in Chapter 2.
If this does not remove the insert, contact an Authorized Service Center.
Password needed.
Cause: Password is required to change certain parameters.
Solution: Enter password. The password by default is 1234.
The Ref Probe shows an
abnormal temperature or
“……”.
Solution: Check the Probe type setting in the Reference Probe Setup
menu is correct. Check all associated parameters. Check that the 4 probe
wires are connected and not shorted inside of the connector.
RTD shows an abnormal
temperature or “…..”.
Solution: Check the RTD type setting in the RTD Setup menu is correct.
Check all associated parameters for the current RTD type. Check that the
number of wires setting is correct for the number wires actually used. If
using a 2-wire RTD, make sure that the unused RTD inputs are shorted to
the used RTD inputs as shown in the manual. Using a 3-wire setting on a
4-wire probe can cause errors of 0.01 Ω to 0.1 Ω. Check that the probe
wires are not shorted or open.
Thermocouple shows an
abnormal temperature or
“…..”.
Solution: Check the TC type setting in the TC Setup menu is correct for
the TC used. Make sure the TC wires are not loose in the connector or
shorted.
mA reading does not read.
Solution: Check to see if the device under test needs loop power. If it
does, enable Loop Power in the mA Setup menu. Make sure the mA fuse
is good. It is located on the front panel just under the RTD inputs.
The Ref, RTD, TC, or mA
Reading is abnormal or
noisy.
Cause: Wrong Calibration Parameters. The problem may be that the
wrong calibration parameters are loaded into the 9190A.
Solution: Check the parameters in the instrument against the parameters
listed on the Report of Calibration for both the REF and UUT.
Electrical Interference. Strong radio frequency radiation from sources
such as radio transmitters, welders, and large electric motors may change
the reading. Move the instrument to another location away from the
source of interference. See “Clamp-on Ferrites” in Chapter 2.
The current REF and UUT
measurement will not
display.
Please contact an Authorized Customer Service Center for further
instructions.
-P Model Only
5-7
9190A
Operators Manual
5-8
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising