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User Manual for NCD
ThinSTAR 532LX
Running Linux
Release 2.3
Hotkey
Quick Reference Guide
To...
Press....
Display the NCD Connection Manager
CTRL
+ ALT + END
Display the next/previous connection
CTRL
+ ALT + ↑ or ↓
Change Window Focus
CTRL
+ ALT + TAB
i
FCC regulatory and safety information
FCC regulatory and safety information can be found in the Quick-Start Guide that came with your device, and on the Support
section of the NCD website which can be found at:
http://www.ncd.com/support.html
CANADA ICES/NMB-003 Class/Classe (B)
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conform à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
NCD Hardware Warranty
NCD hardware warranties can be found in the Quick-Start Guide that came with your device, and on the Support section of
the NCD website which can be found at:
http://www.ncd.com/support.html
Revision History
December 6, 2002 User Manual for NCD ThinSTAR 532LX running Linux, Rev. A.
ii
FCC regulatory and safety information
Safety Instructions
Please read these safety instruction carefully and keep this user’s manual for later reference.
1. Before removing the outer case from the device always disconnect the AC power cord to
prevent the possibility of dangerous electrical shock.
2. Before cleaning, disconnect the device from AC power. Do not use liquid or sprayed cleaning products to clean the unit. Instead, use a moistened sheet or cloth for cleaning.
3. Be sure not to expose the device to excessive humidity.
4. Be sure to install the device on a secure surface. A falling device could cause injury.
5. Place the power cord in such a way to avoid people stepping on it. Do not place anything
over the power cord.
6. Be sure to note all cautions and warnings on the device.
7. If the device is not used for a long period of time, disconnect the AC power to avoid damage caused by voltage transients.
8. Never pour any liquid into any device openings: This could cause fire or electrical shock.
9. If one of the following situation occurs, be sure to get the device checked by a qualified service technician:
a. The power cord or plug is damaged.
b. Liquid penetrates the device case.
c. The device is exposed to moisture.
d. The device does not work well or you cannot get it to work according to the user’s manual.
e. The device has been dropped or damaged.
f. If the device has obvious signs of breakage.
10. The device should be stored and used only in temperature and humidity controlled environments. Storing devices below -20°C (-4°F) or above 60°C (140°F) may cause damage.
11. The sound pressure level at the operators position according to IEC 704-1:1982 is equal or
less to 70dB(A).
12. The input power cord shall be minimum H05VV-F, 3G, 0.75mm², rate minimum 6A.
13. The device should be used only where ambient air temperatures are maintained below
40°C.
Safety Instructions
iii
iv
Safety Instructions
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
Table of Contents
FCC regulatory and safety information
NCD Hardware Warranty
Safety Instructions
ii
iii
Introduction
Overview 1
Purpose and intended readers
Topics covered 1
1
1
What is a ThinSTAR? 2
A new way to use Windows 2
NCD Connection Manager 2
NCD ThinSTAR Hardware 3
Embedded Linux Software 3
Getting More Information 3
Technical support 4
CHAPTER 1
Setting up Your
ThinSTAR 5
Unpacking Your ThinSTAR
Packaging contents
ii
CANADA ICES/NMB-003 Class/Classe (B)
ii
5
Connecting the Components 6
Back panel connectors 6
Connecting the cables 6
Connecting Parallel and Serial peripheral
devices 7
Connecting USB peripheral devices for use
with Citrix ICA 8
Determining the Release Version of Your
Software 9
Accessing the Help | About dialog 9
Arranging Your Work Area 11
Getting comfortable 11
CHAPTER 2
Configuring Your
Network Settings 13
Selecting the Network Settings 13
Do you need to configure? 13
Accessing Network Settings 13
Network Settings Dialog 14
5
v
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 3
Editing an ICA connection
NCD Connection
Manager 17
Managing Connections 17
NCD Connection Manager
Creating connections 18
Editing Connections 18
Deleting Connections 19
Copying Connections 19
CHAPTER 5
17
Using Connections 19
Establishing a Connection 19
Ending a Connection 20
Switching between Connections
Session Management 20
RDP Connections
CHAPTER 6
Basic Terminal
Connections 47
Configuring Basic Terminal Connections 47
Creating a Basic Terminal connection 47
Editing a Basic Terminal connection 50
20
CHAPTER 7
X Window
Connections
51
Configuring X Window Connections 51
Creating an X Window Connection 51
Editing an X Window connection 55
CHAPTER 8
32
Custom
Connections
57
Configuring Custom Connections 57
Creating a Custom connection 57
Editing a Custom connection 59
Global ICA Settings 32
CHAPTER 9
CHAPTER 4
ICA Connections
Configuring ICA Connections 35
Creating an ICA connection 35
vi
41
Configuring RDP Connections 41
Creating an RDP connection 41
Editing an RDP connection 45
Appliance properties 21
Security 21
Printers 24
Sound 25
Servers 26
Setting the Date and Time 28
Desktop Settings 29
Messages and Console 31
Factory Reset 31
Connection Properties
40
35
Using the Linux
Desktop 61
Getting Started 61
Overview 61
Table of Contents
Using the Taskbar 62
Using the Desktop Divider
Using Linux Windows 63
Using the window controls
62
63
CHAPTER 10 Pericom
Terminal
Connections 65
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections 65
Creating a Pericom Terminal connection 66
Editing a Pericom Terminal connection 69
Printing text screens 69
Setting up a text printer 70
Setting your ThinSTAR to ignore BOOTP or
DHCP responses 73
Editing the pump.conf configuration file to
ignore BOOTP or DHCP responses 73
Troubleshooting with the Diagnostic
Console 74
Index
75
vii
Table of Contents
viii
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
Introduction
This chapter describes the purpose and main topics of this manual,
as well as the basic features of the NCD ThinSTAR 532LX
Overview
Purpose and intended
readers
This manual explains how to use a ThinSTAR that runs Linux Software Release 2.3. It’s intended primarily for administrators and
users of Linux on a ThinSTAR. (For instructions about determining
which release version of software is running on your ThinSTAR,
see “Determining the Release Version of Your Software” on page
9.)
Topics covered
We recommend that you read the chapters in this manual in order.
The main topics covered are:
• Unpacking and setting up your ThinSTAR.
• Configuring your ThinSTAR for your network.
• Changing settings on your ThinSTAR.
• Creating and using connections to various servers and main-
frames.
1
Introduction
The appendixes cover additional topics that you may need to know.
What is a ThinSTAR?
A new way to use
Windows
A ThinSTAR is a thin client terminal that provides access to programs running on network servers. Once a connection is made to a
server, depending on the version of software installed, you can use
your favorite Windows programs such as Microsoft Office or
Adobe Photoshop in the familiar Windows desktop, connect to
LINUX/UNIX servers, mainframes and minicomputers via telnet
and X Window connections or optional terminal emulation softwarre.
A ThinSTAR sends keystrokes and mouse clicks to the server, which
responds with screen updates for your monitor. Most of the processing occurs on the server. Due to the speed of modern computer networks, this exchange happens as fast, if not faster, than processing
on a personal computer.
A ThinSTAR is not difficult to use. If you know how to use a personal computer, or even if you don’t, you can use a ThinSTAR.
NCD Connection
Manager
2
NCD Connection Manager consists of a simple, easy, and highly
customizable user interface for Linux that shields users from the
complexity of the Linux operating system, and is designed specifically for thin client terminal computing applications. NCD Connection Manager allows users or administrators to create a variety of
connections to run Microsoft Windows applications on servers,
UNIX applications via the X Window protocol, terminal connections
to mainframes and minicomputers, and custom connections to
launch virtually any Linux application. ThinPATH Connection Manager also allows users to customize the operation of the terminal.
What is a ThinSTAR?
Introduction
NCD ThinSTAR
Hardware
The NCD ThinSTARS are sleek computing devices that have no
hard drive, fan, or other moving parts, which makes them extremely
reliable, as well as silent. They use standard VGA, SVGA, and
XVGA-type monitors, PS/2 mouse and keyboard, and pointing
devices, parallel port, serial port(s), and USB ports for peripheral
devices that may include printers, modems, floppy drives, zip drives,
cd-roms, and bar code scanners.
Your ThinSTAR can automatically connect to either 10BaseT or
100BaseT (twisted-pair) Ethernet networks, as well as make serial
port connections with or without a modem.
Embedded Linux
Software
Your ThinSTAR arrives with the Linux software pre-installed. This
software is installed in the local Flash disk memory internally
installed in your ThinSTAR.
Linux provides powerful and flexible computing capabilities for networks that have many types of servers. Using Linux, your ThinSTAR can start simultaneous, multiple connections to Windows XP,
Windows 2000 Servers, Windows NT Terminal Servers, UNIXbased servers, mainframes, minicomputers, intranets, and the Internet, depending on the software version installed in the ThinSTAR.
Note
To make Windows connections using ICA, the
server must be running
Citrix MetaFrame or
WinFrame.
Connections to Windows XP, Windows 2000 Server and NT-based
servers are made via Citrix’s Independent Computing Architecture
(ICA) protocol, as well as Microsoft’s Remote Desktop Protocol
(RDP). Access to UNIX-based servers can be made by telnet connections and by X Window protocols.
Linux supports DHCP and BOOTP remote configuration services,
and NFS file transfer protocol.
Getting More
Information
You can find current and archival information about NCD products,
including the latest software updates, at:
http://www.ncd.com
In addition, this user manual and other NCD documentation are
available on the NCD Web site for reading or downloading.
What is a ThinSTAR?
3
Introduction
Technical support
4
For technical support, call NCD at 1-800-800-9599, or send an Email
message to [email protected]
What is a ThinSTAR?
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 1
Setting up Your
ThinSTAR
This chapter describes how to unpack and set up your
ThinSTAR.
Unpacking Your ThinSTAR
Packaging contents
Your ThinSTAR typically is shipped in cartons containing these
items. Depending on the shipping configuration, one or more of the
items may be contained in separate shipping cartons (such as a
monitor, keyboard, and mouse):
ThinSTAR
• A keyboard with cable attached.
• A mouse with cable attached.
• A power cable.
• A stand for stabilizing your ThinSTAR in a vertical orientation.
• NCD ThinSTAR Quick-Start Guide.
Monitor
• A monitor power cable (attached to some monitors).
• A monitor video cable (attached to most monitors).
• A tilt/swivel base, attached or unattached.
To unpack your ThinSTAR, open the cartons carefully, remove the
components, and save the packing materials in case you need to
repack them.
5
Setting up Your ThinSTAR
Connecting the Components
Back panel connectors
The following is an explanation of the different connections that can
be found on ThinSTARs.
• MOUSE is a PS/2-type mouse port (green-colored connec-
Note
The serial and parallel
ports can be used with
ICA connections.
tor marked with the word "MOUSE" or with the icon displayed here).
• KEYBOARD is a PS/2-type keyboard port (purple-col-
ored connector marked with the word "KEYBOARD" or
with the icon displayed here).
• LAN is an RJ-45 jack. The ThinSTAR automatically
detects and connects to either 10BaseT or 100BaseT
(twisted-pair) Ethernet.
• PARALLEL is a standard DB-25 parallel port for local
printers.
• COM 1 and COM 2 are DB-9, RS-232 serial ports.
Depending on which software version is loaded in the
ThinSTAR, serial ports may be used for peripheral devices such
as modems, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and bar code
scanners.
• USB ports (two Type A USB ports)
• MIC is a 3.5 mm microphone jack.
• LINE IN is a 3.5 mm line audio input jack.
• LINE OUT is a 3.5 mm audio output jack.
• MONITOR is a standard DB-15, high-density, VGA-type
monitor connector.
• The internal power supply connects through the supplied power
cable. It automatically detects and accepts either 120 VAC or 240
VAC line voltage.
Connecting the cables
6
1 Arrange your ThinSTAR and monitor in your work area.
Connecting the Components
Setting up Your ThinSTAR
2 Connect the monitor power cable to a power source.
3 Connect the power cord into the socket. Make sure the Thin-
STAR is powered off.
4 Connect the keyboard cable to the KEYBOARD (purple)
port.
5 Connect the mouse cable to the MOUSE (green) port.
6 Connect the monitor video cable to the MONITOR port.
Don’t overtighten the screws. The video cable connection to the
monitor varies. Some monitors have attached video cables.
7 Connect a twisted-pair, 10BaseT or 100BaseT Ethernet cable
with RJ-45 plug into the LAN jack.
Connecting Parallel and
Serial peripheral
devices
You can connect a modem, printer, bar code scanner, and other
peripheral devices to your ThinSTAR.
1 If your ThinSTAR is turned on, log off all its open connec-
tions, and then turn off the ThinSTAR.
2 If you have a local printer, connect its cable to the PARAL-
LEL port. You can also attach local serial printers to either serial
port: COM 1 or COM 2.
3 If you have an external modem, bar code scanner, or other
serial device, connect its cable to a serial port (COM 1 or
COM 2).
4 Turn on your ThinSTAR and then the peripheral device.
Connecting the Components
7
Setting up Your ThinSTAR
Connecting USB
peripheral devices for
use with Citrix ICA
You can connect USB external drives to your ThinSTAR, including
floppy drives, zip drives, and CD-ROM drives.
1 In the NCD Connection Manager menu bar, select Settings |
Connection Properties | Global ICA Settings.
Click
Here
2 When the Global ICA Connection Properties tabbed dialog
appears, select the Drive Maps tab.
3 Click the Enable Drive Mapping checkbox.
4 Click the Add button.
5 When the Setup Drive Mapping dialog appears, select the
drive letter you would like to represent the USB peripheral
device you are setting up and type the path of the drive in the
8
Connecting the Components
Setting up Your ThinSTAR
path field. When finished Click OK.
Note: Depending on the device you are connecting the path will
be one of the following:
• Zip drive - /usb/zip
• Floppy Drive - /usb/floppy
• Cd drive - /usb/cdrom
6 Click OK in the Global ICA Connection Properties tabbed
dialog.
The external USB drive will now work when using the Linux operating system and when connecting to ICA sessions with MetaFrame
servers.
Determining the Release Version of Your Software
Accessing the Help |
About dialog
By accessing the Help | About dialog using NCD Connection Manager, you can determine which release version of Linux your ThinSTAR is running.
1 In the Connection Manager menu bar, select Help | About.
Click
Here
Determining the Release Version of Your Software
9
Setting up Your ThinSTAR
2 The About information box that appears contains informa-
tion about which release version of Linux is installed in your
ThinSTAR, and about which release version of ThinPATH
Connection Manager is installed.
NCD
Connection
Manager Release
Information
10
Determining the Release Version of Your Software
Linux
Release
Informatio
Setting up Your ThinSTAR
Arranging Your Work Area
Getting comfortable
These tips will help reduce eye strain and body fatigue when using
your ThinSTAR:
• Adjust your chair seat level so that your feet are flat on the floor,
•
•
•
•
your legs form a right angle with the floor, your knees are free of
the chair seat, and your lower back is fully supported.
Adjust the chair height so the keyboard and mouse are at elbow
height so your wrists are straight and supported.
Maintain a neutral neck posture with the top of the monitor no
higher than your eye level.
Adjust the monitor and lighting to reduce glare on the screen and
to place the monitor at a correct distance for your vision.
Take periodic breaks to stretch your arms and wrists and rest your
eyes.
Arranging Your Work Area
11
Setting up Your ThinSTAR
12
Arranging Your Work Area
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 2
Configuring Your
Network Settings
This chapter describes how to initially configure your ThinSTAR
for your network.
Selecting the Network Settings
Do you need to
configure?
Note
DHCP and BOOTP
automatically supply the
IP address and other setting for your appliance
when it starts up.
Accessing Network
Settings
To use your ThinSTAR on a network, it must be assigned a unique
Internet Protocol (IP) address for identification. Your network may
also require a few other settings.
If your network uses a remote configuration service such as the
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) or the Bootstrap
Protocol (BOOTP), your ThinSTAR may not need to be configured. In that case, all you do is turn on your ThinSTAR. Ask your
system administrator if your network uses DHCP or BOOTP.
To configure your ThinSTAR’s network settings, select Settings |
Appliance properties | Network from the NCD Connection Manager menu bar or press the F2 key.
Click these
to set your
appliance
properties
13
Configuring Your Network Settings
Network Settings Dialog
The following values may be set under Network Settings
where a tab exists for each interface:
DHCP/Bootp Server: Click here if your network uses DHCP
or BOOTP.
To set a static
IP address,
click here to
deselect
DHCP/Bootp
Enable Interface: Click here to enable the network interface.
IP Address: Uneditable (grayed-out) if DHCP is selected.
The IP (Internet Protocol) address assigned to the ThinSTAR.
Entered in a dotted-decimal format (for example,
10.10.10.10).
Network Mask: Uneditable (grayed-out) if DHCP is
selected. If needed, type a dotted-decimal subnet mask number. The network mask distinguishes your local network from
a larger network. For example, 255.255.0.0.
Broadcast Address: Uneditable (grayed-out) if DHCP is
selected. If needed, type a dotted-decimal network mask num14
Selecting the Network Settings
Configuring Your Network Settings
ber. Specify how broadcast requests are sent from your
ThinSTAR to the network. Typically the setting is
255.255.255.255 or 0.0.0.0. Ask your system administrator.
Speed: Select the bandwidth speed of your network Ethernet connection. This setting will only affect the onboard
Realtek Ethernet on your ThinSTAR’s motherboard. The
default AutoSense setting should be selected unless your
network environment requires manually selecting speed and
duplex mode.
Edit Default Values: Click here if you would like to manually edit the Client Name, Default Domain, Primary and
Secondary DNS Server, and Default Gateway settings.
Note: These values may be overridden by DHCP values.
Client Name: If needed, enter a client name. This name is
used by UNIX/Linux systems as a hostname and by ICA
and RDP servers as a Client Name. The default client name
utilizes the last six digits of the device’s MAC address as
the last six digits of the Client Name. Since the serial number of each ThinSTAR also ends in the last six digits of the
MAC address, the Client Name enables easy asset management when used with the ThinPATH Management Portal
tool available from NCD.
Default Domain: If needed, type the domain name used by
your local network for DNS (Domain Name Service). For
example: ncd.com Ask your system administrator.
Primary DNS Server: If needed, type the IP address of a
DNS server on your network.
Secondary DNS Server: If desired, type the IP address of a
second DNS server available to your ThinSTAR on the network.
Default Gateway: If your ThinSTAR and the DNS servers,
or other routinely accessed servers, are on different networks, type the IP address of the router or gateway computer that connects them.
Selecting the Network Settings
15
Configuring Your Network Settings
16
Selecting the Network Settings
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 3
NCD Connection
Manager
This chapter describes how to use the Connection Manager to create and use connections on your ThinSTAR to connect to servers.
Managing Connections
NCD Connection
Manager
NCD Connection Manager first appears when your ThinSTAR
starts and allows you to configure and manage many types of connections.
17
NCD Connection Manager
Creating connections
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Click the Add button or select Connection | Add.
3 In the Add Connection dialog select the type of connection you
would like to create from the drop-down menu and then click
OK.
The Add New Connection wizard will start, prompting you to enter the
configuration settings for the type of connection you chose to create,
with a series of dialogs. For more information concerning setting up
and managing the different types of connections, please see Chapters
four through ten that describe them.
Editing Connections
1 If NCD Connection Manager
isn’t on screen, simultaneously press CTRL + ALT +
END.
2 Select the connection from the
connection list that you would
like to edit.
3 Click the Edit button or select
Connection | Edit.
4 In the Edit Connection dialog
select the tab that contains the
configuration settings you
would like to edit and make
the appropriate changes.
When finished, click OK.
Right-click on a
connection to
open a context
menu for shortcuts to connection options.
When editing a connection the user
is presented with a tabbed dialog
that corresponds to the series of dialogs from the Add New Connection
wizard. For a description of these dialogs see the Chapter that corresponds to the type of connection you would like to edit.
18
Managing Connections
NCD Connection Manager
Deleting Connections
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select the connection from the connection list that you would
like to delete.
3 Click the Delete button or select Connection | Delete.
4 When the delete confirmation message appears, click OK to
delete the connection or click Cancel.
Copying Connections
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select the connection from the connection list that you would
like to copy.
3 Click the Copy button or select Connection | Copy.
When the user copies a connection a new connection appears with
the title of “Copy of (connection copied).”
Using Connections
Establishing a
Connection
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select the connection from the connection list that you would
like to run.
3 Click the Connect button, or select Connection | Connect.
Note: Other ways of starting a connection include double-clicking on the connection name, right-clicking on a connection name
and clicking Connect in the window that appears, as well as
selecting a connection and pressing the Enter key.
Your connection will start.
Using Connections
19
NCD Connection Manager
Ending a Connection
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select the connection from the connection list that you would
like to end.
3 Click the End button or select Connection | End.
Note: If you disconnect or logout from within a session, then you
will return to the NCD Connection Manager screen. To learn how
this is done please consult the documentation concerning that
connection.
Your connection will end.
Switching between
Connections
Once you have multiple connections started you can switch between
them by:
• Typing the key sequence CTRL + ALT + UP or DOWN arrow
• Connecting to any active connection from within the NCD
Connection Manager screen.
• Accessing the Go To Window by clicking on the Linux desktop background. Once the Go To Window appears click the
active connection that you would like to use.
Click on a
connection
to restore it.
Session Management
A user can disconnect or close all of the sessions that are active on
their ThinSTAR with a selection from the connections menu bar
item.
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select Connection in the menu bar and then highlight Session
by placing your mouse over it. This will cause a drill down
menu to appear containing the following options:
20
Using Connections
NCD Connection Manager
• Close All Connections - This logs the user out of any active
connection running on their ThinSTAR
• Restart - This option disconnects the user from any active
session (leaving those that support this feature running on the
server) and restarts the ThinSTAR.
3 Select either Close All Connection or Restart.
Appliance properties
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
Security
press CTRL + ALT + END.
Select Settings | Appliance properties | Security.
The Security Settings dialog will open.
Click here
to set
password.
Note: NCD strongly recommends setting the ThinSTAR configuration password on every ThinSTAR when it is initially
configured. Setting the same password on all ThinSTARs in
a group or enterprise makes managing those devices easier.
Appliance properties
21
NCD Connection Manager
Once set, only authorized administrators with access to the
password can change ThinSTAR and connection settings
either at the device or remotely.
This dialog allows the system administrator to selectively set
specific security options in order to limit a user’s ability to make
ThinSTAR setting changes. These security options include:
• Set/Change Password (button)
Click here to set or change the configuration password for the
ThinSTAR.
• Require password to access NCD Connection Manager -
Select this checkbox if you would like to require that the user
type in the password in order to access the NCD Connection
Manager. This option is applicable for ThinSTAR configurations where the end user is only to have access to a specific
autostarted connection. One example of a specific configuration would be a ThinSTAR running an ICA connection in
Kiosk mode, set to autostart on terminal startup.
Timeout - Set the amount of time to allow the user to enter the
password to access NCD Connection Manager. After the timeout is reached, the display automatically returns to the
autostarted connection.
22
Appliance properties
NCD Connection Manager
• Allow connections to be created or modified - Select this
checkbox to allow the user to create and configure connections in NCD Connection Manager on the ThinSTAR. Compare this secured version of the NCD Connection Manager
interface to the unsecured version on page 17.
The Add, Edit,
Delete, and Copy
buttons are
removed when NCD
Connection
Manager is secured.
With this button un-checked, there is no “Connection Properties” menu under Settings on the NCD Connection Manager.
In addition, only the following options are available under the
Appliance Properties menu: Network, Security, Printers and
Sound (The following are not available: Servers, Setting the
Date and Time, Desktop Settings, Messages, Console, and
Factory Reset.)
• Allow remote X Window application to connect - Select
this checkbox to allow X window applications running on a
remote server to access your ThinSTAR. This does not affect
X window connections defined in NCD Connection Manager.
Note: Selecting this feature can create a security risk by
allowing people to access your ThinSTAR remotely.
• Enable Virtual Terminal switching via hotkeys - Select this
checkbox to allow the user to switch between Virtual Terminal
connections using hotkeys. This can be accomplished by typing the key combination ALT + SYSRQ and then typing a
Function key. For example, type ALT + SYSRQ and then type
F3 in order to access a diagnostic console. To return from a
Virtual Terminal type ALT+F4. Disabling Virtual Terminal
switching is frequently desirable for public-access kiosk type
installations.
Appliance properties
23
NCD Connection Manager
If you are accessing the diagnostic console you should be
familiar with Linux (at a command line level). Accessing this
mode will only be required under the direction of NCD
Techincal Support personnel. In order to use this mode you
must have set the configuration password on the ThinSTAR
(see page 21). At the login prompt type “root” and press the
Enter key, then enter the password (not echoed) that you have
set as the security password and hit the Enter key. At this point
you are at the Linux command line. To exit this mode type
either Control-D, exit or logout immediately after the prompt
([[email protected]<machine-name> /root]# ), then Alt-F4.
Printers
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select Settings | Appliance properties | Printers.
The Printer Settings dialog will open.
This dialog is a graphical print spool manager that allows you to
manage your local print jobs. It allows you to choose a default
printer, and remove print jobs that are waiting in the queue. The
user can also determine the status of the printer they are using.
24
Appliance properties
NCD Connection Manager
Note: The Printer Settings dialog only handles print jobs that
originate on your local ThinSTAR. It will not handle print jobs
that come from external connections such as the ICA client.
Sound
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select Settings | Appliance properties | Sound.
The Sound Settings dialog will appear on your screen.
3 Use the Stereo Volume slider to raise or lower the line out or
ThinSTAR speaker (if applicable) volume.
4 Use the Stereo Balance slider to adjust the left/right mix of
your line out sound.
Note: This will not affect the sound output of a ThinSTAR’s
internal speaker (if applicable).
5 Use the Bell Settings to adjust the pitch and duration of the
system bell. Click the Test Sound button to preview your settings.
6 Click OK to accept the changes.
Appliance properties
25
NCD Connection Manager
Servers
Note: If the Servers menu selection does not appear on your ThinSTAR, it is most likely that the “Allow connections to be created or
modified” option is disabled on the Security Settings screen found
under Appliance Properties.
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select Settings | Appliance properties | Servers.
The Server Settings dialog will appear on your screen. The Network Drives tab is used to map a network drive for Linux applications to use. The X Window tab allows you to specify XDM and
X Font servers that do not respond to XDMCP broadcasts so that
they are available when creating an X Window connection. The
general reason for no response to XDMCP broadcasts is that
there is a router between the ThinSTAR and the XDMCP
machine(s).
To map a network drive, continue with step 3. To specify XDM
and X font servers, continue with step 9.
Network Drive Tab
3 Select the Network Drive tab and click the Add button to map
26
Appliance properties
NCD Connection Manager
a network drive for Linux applications to use. The Add Network Drive Dialog will appear.
4 In the Remote Server field specify the host name or IP
address of the server that contains the drive you would like to
map.
5 In the Remote Path field specify the full path of the directory
which you would like to map (directory that is exported).
6 In the Local Path field specify the name of the local directory
that will be created and that will have the Remote Path
(above) mounted onto.
Note: The directory you specify can be found in the path /var/
mnt/.
7 Click the Writable checkbox if you would like Linux Applica-
tions to be able to write to the mapped network drive.
8 Click OK to map the specified network drive.
X Window tab
9 Select the X Window tab and click the Add button to specify
XDM and X Font servers that do not respond to XDMCP
broadcasts so that they are available when creating an X
Window connection. The Add Server dialog will appear.
Appliance properties
27
NCD Connection Manager
The X Window tab of the Server Settings dialog allows an
administrator to prepopulate XDM and font server lists used
when configuring individual connections. For more information
about configuring individual X Window connections, see “Creating an X Window Connection” on page 51..
Adding a server in
the X Window tab
is only the first
step. This
prepopulates XDM
and font server
lists used in
setting up
individual
connections.
10 In the Add server Enter the host name or IP address of the
server that you would like to add.
11 Click OK to add the server.
Setting the Date and
Time
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select Settings | Appliance properties | Time & Date.
28
Appliance properties
NCD Connection Manager
The Date & Time Settings dialog will appear on your screen.
Note: If the Date and Time Settings menu selection does not
appear on your ThinSTAR, it is most likely that the “Allow connections to be created or modified” option is disabled on the
Security Settings screen found under Appliance Properties.
3 Adjust the month, day, and year if incorrect.
4 Adjust the time (using the 24-hour clock) for your location.
5 Adjust the time zone for your location. Note that time zone
information is used by Citrix MetaFrame XP servers, only.
6 Click OK to accept the changes.
Desktop Settings
1 If NCD Connection Manager isn’t on screen, simultaneously
press CTRL + ALT + END.
2 Select Settings | Appliance properties | Desktop.
Appliance properties
29
NCD Connection Manager
The Desktop Settings tabbed dialog will appear on your screen.
Note: If the Desktop Settings menu selection does not appear on
your ThinSTAR, it is most likely that the “Allow connections to
be created or modified” option is disabled on the Security Settings screen found under Appliance Properties.
3 Select the tab for the Desktop settings you would like to
change and adjust the appropriate parameters.
• Display - Adjust your display resolution and color palette.
Additionally, you can enable a screen saver and determine the
type and timeout.
• Fonts - Control font servers and path settings for the fonts on
your ThinSTAR.
• Touchscreen - If you are using the ThinSTAR with a touchscreen device, you configure and calibrate the touchscreen
device from this tab.
• Mouse - Specify and test your input device settings.
30
Appliance properties
NCD Connection Manager
• Keyboard - Specify and test the Repeat Rate and Delay for
your keyboard. You can also specify the Keyboard Locale and
whether you would like to enable NumLock at startup.
• Advanced - Choose whether you would like the Taskbar of
the Linux desktop to Auto hide and/or appear on the NCD
Connection Manager screen. You can also specify whether
you would like the desktop to appear on X display :1 instead
of X display :0. (Some X Window applications require the
ability to write to display :0 which otherwise is being used by
Linux for NCD Connection Manager and client applications.)
Messages and Console
The System Messages is a diagnostic log of system error messages
and other information. The Console Window is used by administrators to view system directories and files. To open them, click Settings | Appliance properties | Messages or Console from the NCD
Connection Manager menu bar.
Note: If the Messages or the Console menu selection do not appear
on your ThinSTAR, it is most likely that the “Allow connections to
be created or modified” option is disabled on the Security Settings
screen found under Appliance Properties.
Factory Reset
Selecting this option from the terminal properties menu will restore
your ThinSTAR to its factory default state.
Note: If the Factory Reset menu selection does not appear on your
ThinSTAR, it is most likely that the “Allow connections to be created or modified” option is disabled on the Security Settings screen
found under Appliance Properties.
Appliance properties
31
NCD Connection Manager
Connection Properties
Note: If the Connection Properties menu selection does not appear
on your ThinSTAR, it is most likely that the “Allow connections to
be created or modified” option is disabled on the Security Settings
screen found under Appliance Properties.
Global ICA Settings
When a user clicks Settings | Connection properties | Global ICA
Settings, a tabbed dialog appears allowing the user to customize settings that apply to all ICA connections defined on their ThinSTAR.
These settings include:
•Preferences - This tab includes fields for setting the Keyboard layout and type, as well as port and device settings.
Note: In order for your keyboard to work properly during an ICA
session, the setting for the Keyboard Layout must either be set to
“Local Keyboard” or it must match the Keyboard Locale setting
in the Linux Desktop Settings dialog (see page 31).
• Window - This tab allows the user to set the default number of
colors and screen size of all ICA connections.
32
Connection Properties
NCD Connection Manager
• Server - This tab allows the user to define a list of primary Citrix
•
•
•
•
browser servers that can be accessed to determine the list of available ICA connections (desktops and/or published applications).
The default network protocol (“TCP/IP + HTTP server location”)
works only with Citrix MetaFrame XP servers or later. Change
the default network protocol to “TCP/IP” for connecting to earlier versions of MetaFrame and WinFrame.
Some models also include a selection called “SSL + HTTPS
server location” which provides Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) support. This provides SSL-level server authentication, data stream
encryption, and message integrity checks.
Hotkeys - This tab allows the user to set standard hotkey combinations.
Drive Mapping - This tab will allow the user to specify ThinSTAR mounted directories or drives that they would like to
access within their ICA sessions.
Advanced - This tab allows the user to set specific ICA WFClient and Thinwire key item value registry entries.
Note: Modifications to these registry entries can cause the ICA
client to not run.
Firewall - This tab allows the user to configure the ICA client to
connect to a Citrix server through a firewall.
Connection Properties
33
NCD Connection Manager
34
Connection Properties
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 4
ICA Connections
This chapter describes how to create and edit the configuration of
ICA connections.
Configuring ICA Connections
ICA is a network protocol used by Windows based servers running
Citrix MetaFrame, or WinFrame. After you have clicked the add
button in NCD Connection Manager, follow these steps to properly
setup your new ICA connection.
Creating an ICA
connection
1 In the Add Connection dialog, select Citrix ICA Connection
from the drop-down menu. When finished, click OK.
2 In the Select a Citrix Server or Published Application dialog
type a title for your connection and select either a Citrix
Server or Published Application. Then select the server or
application you wish to connect to from the drop-down
35
ICA Connections
menu.
If you need to set another primary Citrix server, for example
one located on a different subnet from the ThinSTAR, click the
Server Location button. For more information concerning the
dialog that opens see the explanation of the server tab in the
Global ICA Settings section of the NCD Connection Manager
chapter. When finished, click Next.
Note: If there is no server or application listed in the drop-down
menu, and you know the name, then you can directly enter the
name or the IP address in the field.
If neither server or application radio buttons produce a listing, and
you are using MetaFrame with browsing enabled, click on Server
Location and set the Network Protocol to “TCP/IP” instead of
“TCP/IP + HTTP server location.” If your servers can only respond
to TCP/IP browser requests, you should consider using the Global
ICA Defaults dialog to make TCP/IP the default network protocol.
For more information, see “Global ICA Settings” on page 32.
When ICA browsing is required across a router, you will need to set
server location addresses using the Server Location dialog.
3 In the Startup Options dialog, you can select whether you
would like this connection to automatically start at startup,
and/or automatically restart the connection after it has become
36
Configuring ICA Connections
ICA Connections
disconnected.
When finished, or if you do not wish to enable these options,
click Next.
4 In the Specify Application Information dialog enter the com-
mand line and Working Directory of the application you wish
to run. If you wish only to run a Windows NT or 2000 desktop, leave these fields blank.
When finished, click Next.
Configuring ICA Connections
37
ICA Connections
5 If you want, specify logon information, and then click Next.
Note: If you don’t type logon information now, it will be
requested when the connection starts.
6 In the Select Window Option dialog you can select specific
Window Colors and Size options by deselecting the Use
Default option and then choosing the setting from the dropdown menus.
When finished, or if you would like to use the default settings,
click Next.
7 If needed, select sound settings, speed screen settings, encryp-
38
Configuring ICA Connections
ICA Connections
tion level, whether you would like to use data compression,
and whether or not to use disk cache in the Select Connection
Options dialog.
When finished, or if you do not wish to enable these options,
click Next.
8 Click in the checkbox if you would like to use an alternate
address when connecting through firewalls. Click in the
SOCKS checkbox if you would like to connect via a SOCKS
proxy server. If so, specify the address and port for the proxy
to use.
When finished, or if you do not wish to enable these options,
Configuring ICA Connections
39
ICA Connections
click Finish.
The ICA connection will appear in the NCD Connection Manager
connection list.
Editing an ICA
connection
40
When editing an ICA connection, the user is presented with a tabbed
dialog, with each tab corresponding to the series of dialogs contained in the Add ICA Connection wizard. For specific information
concerning the detailed settings contained in these tabs, refer to the
Creating an ICA connection instructions above.
Configuring ICA Connections
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 5
RDP Connections
This chapter describes how to create and edit the configuration of
RDP connections.
Configuring RDP Connections
RDP connections utilize the open source RDP client to connect to
Windows NT Terminal Server, Windows 2000 Servers and Windows XP Professional using the RDP protocol. After you have
clicked the add button in NCD Connection Manager, follow these
steps to properly setup a new RDP connection.
Creating an RDP
connection
1 In the Add Connection dialog, select NCD RDP Connection
from the drop-down menu. When finished, click OK.
2 In the Enter Connection and Server dialog type a title for
your connection in the name field and then type the name of
the server you would like to connect to in the Server field.
41
RDP Connections
When finished click Next or Finish.
Note: By clicking the Finish button at the end of this step or any
subsequent step a connection will be created using the default settings for the remaining configuration options.
3 In the Specify Application Information dialog, select whether
you would like to display the desktop, or if you would like an
application to start when the connection is established. Be sure
to specify the Application File Name (command line) and a
Working Directory for an application that you would like to
start when the connection is established. When finished, click
Next or Finish.
4 If you want, specify logon information. When finished, click
42
Configuring RDP Connections
RDP Connections
Next or Finish.
Note: If you don’t type logon information now, it will be
requested when the connection starts.
5 In the Specify Window Size dialog decide whether you would
like the connection to be Full Screen or Windowed. If you
would like your connection to be windowed then choose the
size you would like your connection window to be. When finished, click Next or Finish.
6 In the Select Connection Options dialog, specify the options
you would like applied to the RDP connection you are creat-
Configuring RDP Connections
43
RDP Connections
ing.
The following options can be applied to RDP connections
• Client Name - In this field you can specify the RDP client
name.
Note: If the Client Name is left blank then the RDP connection will use the Client Name in the General Settings dialog
(see Client Name on page 15).
• Keyboard Layout - Select the type of keyboard you are
using.
Note: The setting for the Keyboard Layout must either be set
to “Local Keyboard” or it must match the Keyboard Locale
setting in the Linux General settings dialog (see Desktop Settings dialog on page 31).
• Disable Encryption - Selecting this checkbox will disable
encryption so that your ThinSTAR can connect to French
Windows NT4 servers running Terminal Server Edition.
• Disable sending mouse movements to server - This option
reduces the amount of network traffic and should be used for
low bandwidth RDP connections.
• Use off-screen backup window - This improves the screen
refresh.
Note: This option uses system memory and can result in slight
performance decrease.
44
Configuring RDP Connections
RDP Connections
7 In the Startup Options dialog, you can select whether you
would like this connection to automatically start at startup,
and/or automatically restart the connection after it has
become disconnected.
When finished, click Finish.
Editing an RDP
connection
When editing an RDP connection, the user is presented with a
tabbed dialog, with each tab corresponding to the series of dialogs
contained in the Add RDP Connection wizard. For specific informa-
Configuring RDP Connections
45
RDP Connections
tion concerning the detailed settings contained in these tabs, refer to
the Creating a RDP connection instructions above.
46
Configuring RDP Connections
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 6
Basic Terminal
Connections
This chapter describes how to create and edit Basic Terminal connections.
Configuring Basic Terminal Connections
A Basic Terminal connection allows the user to connect to a UNIX,
or Linux server, using a Telnet session. After you have clicked the
add button in NCD Connection Manager, follow these steps to
properly setup a new Basic Terminal connection.
Creating a Basic
Terminal connection
1 In the Add Connection dialog, select Basic Terminal Con-
nection from the drop-down menu. When finished, click
OK.
2 In the Specify Title and Server dialog, enter a title for your
connection. Then enter the name or lP address and the port
47
Basic Terminal Connections
of a host to connect to. When finished, click Next or Finish.
Note: By clicking the Finish button at the end of this step or any
subsequent step a connection will be created using the default settings for the remaining configuration options.
3 In the Startup Options dialog, you can select whether you
would like this connection to automatically start at startup,
and/or automatically restart the connection after it has become
disconnected. When finished, or if you do not wish to enable
these options, click Next or Finish.
4 If you want, select a window size for your connection, and then
48
Configuring Basic Terminal Connections
Basic Terminal Connections
click Next.
5 If you would like to specify which font size to use, select the
font size you would like to use from the drop-down list. When
finished, click Next.
6 If you would like to specify the foreground and background
colors for your connection, select the colors you would like to
Configuring Basic Terminal Connections
49
Basic Terminal Connections
use from the drop-down lists. When finished, click Finish.
The Basic Terminal connection will appear in the NCD Connection
Manager connection list.
Editing a Basic
Terminal connection
50
When editing a Basic Terminal connection, the user is presented
with a tabbed dialog, with each tab corresponding to the series of
dialogs contained in the Add Terminal Connection wizard. For specific information concerning the detailed settings contained in these
tabs, refer to the Creating a Basic Terminal connection instructions
above.
Configuring Basic Terminal Connections
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 7
X Window
Connections
Configuring X Window Connections
An X Window connection allows the user to connect to XDM servers for remote X desktops. After you have clicked the add button in
NCD Connection Manager, follow these steps to properly setup a
new X Window connection.
Note: Certain dialogs in the Add X Window Connection wizard
contain “Use Main Desktop Settings” checkboxes. By enabling this
option, the settings for which the checkbox applies will equal the
corresponding Terminal properties Desktop setting (see “Desktop
Settings” on page 29).
Creating an X Window
Connection
1 In the Add Connection dialog, select X Window Connection
from the drop-down menu. When finished, click OK.
2 Enter a name for your X Window connection. When fin-
51
X Window Connections
ished, click Next.
3 In the Enter XDM Server dialog, enter the name of the XDM
server you wish to connect to, and then specify the type of X
connection you are creating. When finished, click Next.
Note: There are four types of XDM sessions: direct, chooser,
52
Configuring X Window Connections
X Window Connections
indirect, and broadcast. Direct requires you to specify the server
you will connect to using this connection. Chooser presents a list
of possible servers to the user at connection time. This list consists of a combination of servers located by a broadcast and servers specified by an administrator in the Server Settings dialog (for
more information about preconfiguring XDM server lists, see “X
Window tab” on page 27.) Indirect works like direct but allows
the specified server to redirect you to another server. Broadcast
will connect to the first server that responds to a location broadcast.
4 In the Configure Display Settings dialog, adjust your display
resolution and color palette. Additionally, you can enable a
screen saver and determine the type and timeout.
The display settings for X Window connections can be any
desired resolution and color depth supported by the ThinSTAR,
even if they are different from the ones set in Appliance Properties for the standard ThinSTAR desktop. However, setting different resolutions can increase the time required to switch between
connections / sessions.
When finished, click Next.
5 Enter the font server and the font server port you wish to use.
Configuring X Window Connections
53
X Window Connections
When finished, click Next.
6 In the Select Mouse Options dialog specify and test your
input device settings. When finished, click Next.
7 In the Startup Options dialog, you can select whether you
would like this connection to automatically start at startup,
and/or automatically restart the connection after it has
54
Configuring X Window Connections
X Window Connections
become disconnected. When finished, or if you do not wish to
enable these options, click Finish.
The X Window connection will appear in the NCD Connection
Manager connection list.
Editing an X Window
connection
When editing an X Window connection, the user is presented with a
tabbed dialog, with each tab corresponding to the series of dialogs
contained in the Add X Window connection wizard. For specific
Configuring X Window Connections
55
X Window Connections
information concerning the detailed settings contained in these tabs,
refer to the Creating an X Window connection instructions above.
56
Configuring X Window Connections
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 8
Custom
Connections
Configuring Custom Connections
A Custom connection allows the user to define an executable command that is run as if from a command line in order to start a Connection. After you have clicked the add button in NCD Connection
Manager, follow these steps to properly setup a Custom connection.
Creating a Custom
connection
1 In the Add Connection dialog, select Custom Connection
from the drop-down menu. When finished, click OK.
2 In the Specify Name and Command, enter a name for your
connection, and the executable command you would like to
use to start your custom connection. When finished, click
57
Custom Connections
Next or Finish.
Note: By clicking the Finish button at the end of this step or any
subsequent step a connection will be created using default settings
for the remaining options.
Example of a custom connection
If you wish to create a custom connection that spawns a window
with a vi-like text editor, enter the following in the Command
field:
rxvt -e vi
This will produce a windowed connection that looks like this:
3 In the Startup Options dialog, you can select whether you
58
Configuring Custom Connections
Custom Connections
would like this connection to automatically start at startup,
and/or automatically restart the connection after it has
become disconnected. When finished, or if you do not wish to
enable these options, click Finish.
The Custom connection will appear in the NCD Connection Manager connection list.
Editing a Custom
connection
When editing a Custom connection, the user is presented with a
tabbed dialog, with each tab corresponding to the series of dialogs
contained in the Add Custom Connection wizard. For specific information concerning the detailed settings contained in these tabs, refer
to the Creating a Custom connection instructions above.
Configuring Custom Connections
59
Custom Connections
60
Configuring Custom Connections
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 9
Using the Linux Desktop
This chapter explains how to use the Linux desktop to manage your
program windows.
Getting Started
Overview
Many other thin clients use full screen connections only, requiring
the user to know keyboard short-cuts in order to switch between
multiple connections. In addition to full screen connections, Linux
allows the user to create windowed connections, between which
they can easily switch at the click of a mouse.
After you start a windowed connection, that connection will appear
upon the Linux desktop. The Linux desktop is a graphical user
interface that lets you manage multiple windows.
61
Using the Linux Desktop
Using the Taskbar
The Linux taskbar is a movable control bar. Every open Windows
connection and Linux window has a taskbar button.
• To open the NCD menu, click the NCD button on the taskbar.
Then click a menu item to select it.
To open the Linux menu,
click the NCD button.
To select a window, click its
taskbar button.
• To select a window or connection, even when it isn’t on the cur-
Note
Your system administrator can hide the Linux
taskbar so that it
appears as a thin line.
When you point to this
line, the taskbar
appears. When you
point away from taskbar, the taskbar hides
again.
Using the Desktop
Divider
rent Linux desktop, left-click its taskbar button. To learn how to
use Linux windows, see page 63.
• To move the taskbar, middle-click and drag the edge of the taskbar beyond the middle of the desktop. Then release the mouse
button, and the taskbar moves to the top or bottom.
• To resize the taskbar, left-click and drag an edge of the taskbar.
As you open more windows, you may want to enlarge the taskbar
to make its buttons more readable.
• To display the window properties, right-click its taskbar button.
To close a Properties box, click it.
The Desktop Divider, that resides on the right hand side of the taskbar, is a miniature representation of four desktops in which you can
open and move Linux windows. In effect, the Desktop Divider quadruples the work space available on the Linux desktop.
• To display a Linux desktop, left-click one of the colored squares
in the Desktop Divider in order to access the desktop it represents.
• To move windows between Linux desktops, Left-click on the
computer icon in the upper left-hand corner of the window you
would like to move. Highlight the Move to desk option in the
drop-down menu, and then from the drill down menu select a
Desk to place the window.
62
Getting Started
Using the Linux Desktop
Using Linux Windows
Using the window
controls
Each program on the Linux desktop operates in a separate window
that you can maximize, minimize, and move.
Note
The title bar displays
the name of the program in the window.
When it’s highlighted,
the window is active,
meaning the keyboard
and mouse interact
with that program.
Menu Button
Title Bar
Minimize
Maximize
Close
Window Control Menu
• To display the Window Control menu, click the Menu button.
•
•
•
•
Then click a menu command. For example, click Move, drag the
window, and then click the pointer at the desired position.
To reduce a window to a taskbar button, click its Minimize
button (-), or select minimize from the drop-down menu. To
reopen the window, click its taskbar button.
To fill the desktop with a window, click its Maximize button
(❒ ), or select maximize from the drop-down menu.
To close a window and its program(s), left-click its Close button (X), or select close from the drop-down menu.
To move a window, left-click and drag its title bar. Or click and
drag a window edge or corner with the middle or right mouse buttons.
Using Linux Windows
63
Using the Linux Desktop
• To resize a window, left-click and drag an edge or corner.
64
Using Linux Windows
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
CHAPTER 10
Pericom Terminal
Connections
If your ThinSTAR has the optional Pericom software, then this
chapter describes how to create and edit Pericom Terminal connections.
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
Alphanumeric Emulations
• ADDS A2.
• ANSI BBS.
• AT&T 5510.
• Data General DG410.
• DEC VT52, VT100, VT101,
VT102, VT125, VT131,
VT132, VT220, VT240,
VT320, VT340, VT400-7,
VT400-8, VT420.
• DOC 18.
• Hazeltine 1500.
• Hewlett Packard 2392A,
2622A, 700/92.
• IBM 3151, 3270 2, 3, 4, 5
NVT Mode, 3270E, and
5250.
• ICL 7561.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
McDonnell Douglas Prism-8, -9.
Microcolor 2200.
Prime PT250.
SCO Console.
Siemens 97801.
Stratus V102.
Tandem 6526, 6530.
Televideo 910, 925.
Viewdata 40, 80, Split.
WYSE 50, 50+, 60.
Graphic Emulations
• DEC VT340 (ReGIS).
• IBM 3270.
• Retrographics VT640.
• Tektronix 4010, 4014.
• Westward 2119.
A Pericom Terminal connection allows the user to access mainframes or minicomputers using teemX. The Pericom terminal connection differs from the Basic terminal connection by offering the
65
Pericom Terminal Connections
user advanced functionality features such as printing, macro, scripting,
and teemX, which is a suite of more than 30 alphanumeric and graphic
terminal emulations. These emulations include those listed on the previous page.
After you have clicked the add button in NCD Connection Manager,
follow these steps to properly setup a Pericom Terminal connection.
Creating a Pericom
Terminal connection
1 In the Add Connection dialog, select Pericom Terminal Con-
nection from the drop-down menu. When finished, click OK.
2 In the Specify Name, Host, and Emulation dialog, enter a name
for your connection, a name or lP address of a host to connect
to (optional), and the emulation you would like to use. When
finished, click Next or Finish.
Note: By clicking the Finish button at the end of this step or any
subsequent step a connection will be created using default settings
for the remaining options.
3 In the Startup Options dialog, you can select whether you
would like this connection to automatically start at startup,
and/or automatically restart the connection after it has become
disconnected. When finished, or if you do not wish to enable
66
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
Pericom Terminal Connections
these options, click Next or Finish.
4 In the Modify User Interface dialog, choose the settings you
would like applied to the Pericom Terminal Connection User
Interface. Check the box of the corresponding option to set
the feature. These options include:
• Menu Bar Items - These options allow you to customize the
menu bar displayed at the top of the Pericom Terminal window. You can hide the entire Menu Bar, or you can disable one
or more of the individual menus (File, Settings, Help, and
Quit) on the Menu Bar.
• Actions On Host Close - These option allow you to customize what occurs when a terminal emulation session is closed.
You can Exit Pericom, Stay Alive (keep Pericom running
without a session), Reconnect, or have a dialog display allowing you to choose which option you would like to occur.
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
67
Pericom Terminal Connections
• Toolbars - These option allow you to hide the toolbars in the
Pericom Terminal window. You can disable the Status Bar,
Scroll Bar, and the Soft Buttons.
When finished customizing the user interface, if necessary,
click Next or Finish.
5 In the Optional Advanced Settings dialog, type any command
line options you would like to append to the Pericom executable command. When finished, click Finish.
68
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
Pericom Terminal Connections
For a list of the advanced command-line options that might be
entered in the Options field, click on the Help button.
Note: The Use Local Keyboard option (selected by default)
causes your keyboard to be automatically configured using the
Keyboard Locale setting in the General Settings dialog (see
Desktop Settings dialog on page 31). Unchecking this option
will require the user to configure their keyboard for the Pericom
connection manually.
The Pericom Terminal connection will appear in the NCD Connection Manager connection list.
Editing a Pericom
Terminal connection
When editing a Pericom Terminal connection, the user is presented
with a tabbed dialog, with each tab corresponding to the series of
dialogs contained in the Add Terminal Connection wizard. For specific information concerning the detailed settings contained in these
tabs, refer to the Creating a Pericom Terminal connection instructions above.
Printing text screens
You can print teemX text screens to a printer directly attached to
your ThinSTAR. (Your system administrator can configure your
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
69
Pericom Terminal Connections
ThinSTAR to print to a network printer.) The local printer must be
turned on and not currently printing other files.
Setting up a text printer
Before printing to a locally attached printer, configure teemX to use
the port on which the printer is attached.
• Select Printer Setup from the teemX File menu.
• Select the appropriate printer port and type from the setup selection screen.
Printer Selection
Port
Description
LPT_1
LPT_1_TextOnly
Parallel
COM_1
COM_1_TextOnly
COM1
COM_2
COM_2_TextOnly
COM2
Text printer (Use the "TextOnly" version -- which adds
carriage returns if necessary -if the output does not line up
with what appears on-screen)
Note: The printer names that appear in the Printer Setup utility
are listed in the Linux /etc/printcap file. Administrators familiar
with UNIX/Linux printcap files can modify this file to add network printers, or to modify the default entries.
70
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
Pericom Terminal Connections
• If the status bar is turned on (Settings | VT/ANSI/SCO dialog,
Status Line = Indicator), Printer Ready appears when the settings
have been made.
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
71
Pericom Terminal Connections
72
Configuring Pericom Terminal Connections
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
Appendix A: Advanced Linux
Configuration
This appendix discusses advanced configuration procedures for
Linux based terminals.
Setting your ThinSTAR to ignore BOOTP or DHCP responses
Linux has the capability of allowing the user to set their Ethernet
controller to ignore BOOTP or DHCP responses from the server. In
order for this to be accomplished, it is necessary to edit the
pump.conf configuration file in the /writable/sys directory of your
Linux file system.
Editing the pump.conf
configuration file to
ignore BOOTP or DHCP
responses
1 Open a ThinSTAR console by selecting Settings | Appliance
properties | Console from the NCD Connection Manager menu
bar.
2 At the bash$ prompt type su and hit enter to login as the superuser. When prompted type the ThinSTAR password and hit
enter. Note: If you have not set a ThinSTAR password, you will
need to do so for this operation. For instruction on setting the
ThinSTAR password see “Security” on page 21.
3 At the bash# prompt type e3pi /writable/sys/pump.conf and hit
enter in order to open the pump.conf file in the e3pi text editor.
4 When the e3pi text editor appears, place the cursor at the end of
the pump.conf file and add the following device entry:
device eth0 {
ignore-dhcp
73
}
Note: The device entry example above is used to set the ThinSTAR to ignore DHCP responses. In order to ignore BOOTP
responses replace the ignore-dhcp line with ignore-bootp.
5 Type CTRL-O to save the pump.conf file.
6 Type CTRL-X to exit the e3pi text editor.
7 Restart the ThinSTAR by selecting Connection | Session | Restart
from the NCD Connection Manager menu bar.
Troubleshooting with the Diagnostic Console
If you are accessing the diagnostic console you should be familiar
with Linux (at a command line level). Accessing this mode is typically only required under the direction of NCD Techincal Support
personnel. In order to use this mode you must have set the configuration password on the ThinSTAR. You can use a Virtual Terminal
connection by typing the key combination ALT + SYSRQ and then
hitting F3. At the login prompt type root and the Enter key, then
enter the password (not echoed) that you have set as the security
password and the Enter key. At this point you are at the Linux command line. To exit this mode type either Control-D, exit or logout
immediately after the prompt ([[email protected]<machine-name> /root]# ),
then Alt-F. You can also use the Console by clicking Settings |
Appliance Properties | Console from the NCD Connection Manager
menu bar (see the above section on setting BOOTP or DHCP
options.)
Pressing ALT + SYSRQ and then hitting F2 provides diagnostic
information on the success or failure of various subsystem startup
during the boot process.
74
Troubleshooting with the Diagnostic Console
Linux ThinSTAR User Manual
Index
Numerics
10BaseT Ethernet 7
A
active windows, defined 63
ADDS A2 65
alphanumeric emulations 65
ANSI BBS 65
Appliance Properties
Date and Time 28
Appliance properties
Console 31
desktop settings 29
Factory Reset 31
Messages 31
network settings 14
Printers 24
Servers 26
Sound 25
AT&T 5510 65
audio
ICA connections 38
AutoSense 15
B
back panel connections 6, 9
bar code scanners 6, 7
Basic Terminal 47
connections
adding 47
creating 47
editing 50
BOOTP
ignoring 73
BOOTP (Bootstrap Protocol)
configuring for 14
understanding 13
Broadcast Address 14
C
Client Name 15
COM ports 6
Computing Appliance 2
connecting
back panel ports 6, 9
modems 7
monitors 7
network cables 7
peripherals 6
printers 6, 7
connections
adding 18
basic terminal 47
Custom 57
ICA 35
Pericom temrinal 66
RDP 41
75
Index
X Window 51
Basic Terminal 47
copying 19
creating 18
basic terminal 47
Custom 57
ICA 35
Pericom terminal 66
RDP 41
X Window 51
Custom 57
deleting 19
editing 18
basic terminal 50
Custom 59
ICA 40
Pericom terminal 69
RDP 45
X Window 55
ending 20
establishing 19
ICA 35
managing 17
Pericom Terminal emulation 65
RDP 41
running 19
session management 20
using 19
X Window 51
Console 31
Console window
function of 31
opening
from NCD Connection Manager 31
Custom connections
adding 57
creating 57
editing 59
D
data compression 39
Data General DG410 65
date, setting 28
76
DEC 65
DEC VT52, VT100, VT101, VT102, VT125,
VT131, VT132, VT220, VT240,
VT320, VT340, VT400-7*, VT400-8*,
VT420 65
Default Domain 15
Default Gateway 15
Desktop Divider
using 62
Desktop Settings 29
DHCP
ignoring 73
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
defined 13
DHCP/Bootp server 14
DNS Server
Primary 15
Secondary 15
DOC 18 65
E
Edit Default Values 15
Enable interface 14
Ethernet connector 7
F
Factory Reset 31
G
Global ICA Settings 32
Advanced tab 33
Drive Mapping tab 33
Firewall tab 33
Hotkeys tab 33
Preferences tab
keyboard layout/type 32
ports and devices 32
Server tab 33
Window tab 32
graphics emulations 65
H
Hazeltine 1500 65
Hewlett Packard 2392A, 2622A, 700/92 65
Index
I
IBM 3151 65
IBM 3270 Models 2, 3, 4, 5 NVT Mode 65
IBM 5250 65
ICA (Independent Computing Architecture) 35
audio settings 38
connections
adding 35
creating 35
editing 40
data compression 39
Global ICA Settings 32
overview 3
ICL 7561 65
IP Address 14
appliance setting
assigned by DHCP or BOOTP 13
K
keyboard
connecting 6
KB port
location 6
setting 32
Keyboard layout 32
L
LAN 6
Linux
desktop divider 62
desktops
displaying 62
moving windows between 62
using 61
taskbar 62
hiding 62
moving 62
opening active windows 62
properties box 62
windows 63
closing 63
maximizing 63
minimizing 63
moving 63
resizing 64
M
MAC address as part of default Client Name 15
McDonnell Douglas Prism-8, Prism-9 65
Messages 31
MetaFrame 3, 35
Microcolor 2200 65
Minimize button 63
modems 6
connecting 7
monitor
connecting 7
Monitor port 6
mouse devices
connecting 6
PS/2 type 6
N
NCD
technical support 4
Web site 3
NCD Connection Manager 2, 17
Appliance properties 21
connection properties 32
copying connections 19
creating connections 18
deleting connections 19
displaying connection manager 18
editing connections 18
ending connections 20
managing connections
Connection Manager 17
running connections 19
session management 20
using connections 19
Network Mask 14
Network Settings 14
broadcast address 14
Client Name 15
Default Domain 15
Default Gateway 15
DHCP/Bootp server 14
77
Index
Edit Default Values 15
Enable Interface 14
IP address 14
network mask 14
Primary DNS Server 15
Secondary DNS Server 15
Speed 15
P
Pericom Terminal connections
adding 66
creating 66
editing 69
printing text screens 69
Pericom Terminal emulation 65
peripheral devices
parallel and serial 7
usb 8
personal digital assistants (PDAs) 6
power jack 6
Prime PT250 65
printcap file 70
printers
settings 24
printing
connecting printers 7
parallel port 6
Pericom Terminal connections
text screens 69
serial port 6
Properties box
from Linux taskbar 62
protocols
ICA 3, 35
RDP 3, 41
PS/2 mouse 6
PWR connector 6
R
RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) 41
Connection Options 43
Client Name 44
Disable Encryption (French NT4-TSE
servers only) 44
78
Disable sending mouse movements to
server 44
Keyboard Layout 44
Use off-screen backup window 44
connections
adding 41
creating 41
editing 45
overview 3
Retrographics VT640 65
RJ-45 Ethernet jack 6
S
SCO Console emulation 65
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 33
Security Settings 21
set/change password 22
Serial port
location 6
serial ports 6
Serial Window accessory 31
Servers
settings 26
Set/change password 22
setting the date and time 28
Siemens 97801 65
Sound
settings 25
Speed 15
Stratus V102 65
T
Tandem 6526, 6530 65
technical support 4
teemX
alphanumeric emulations 65
graphics emulations 65
Tektronix 4010, 4014 65
Televideo 910, 925 65
Telnet 47
ThinSTAR 3
connecting cables and monitor 6
power cord 7
Index
title bar (Linux windows) 63
Touchscreen 30
U
USB ports, locating 6
V
Viewdata 40, 80, Split 65
Virtual Terminal
switching via hotkeys 23
W
Westward 2119 65
windows 63
active 63
buttons 63
closing 63
maximizing 63
minimizing 63
moving 63
resizing 64
title bar 63
using the controls 63
WinFrame 3, 35
Work Area 11
WYSE 50, 50+, 60 65
X
X Window 51
connections
adding 51
creating 51
editing 55
X Window tab 27
XDM 51
79
Index
80
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