BioGrace – the biofuel GHG emission calculation tool

BioGrace – the biofuel GHG emission calculation tool
BioGrace –
the biofuel GHG emission
calculation tool
Nikolaus Ludwiczek
BIOENERGY 2020+
Verifiers‘ training Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Slide 2
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Contents
1. Renewable Energy Directive
2. Project BioGrace
3. BioGrace as voluntary scheme
4. GHG Excel tool – incl. the calculation example
5. GHG Excel tool – additional items
6. Conclusion
Slide 3
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Renewable Energy Directive (RED)
Art 17: Sustainability criteria for biofuels
• Minimum GHG emission savings (17.2)
− 35%, 50% (2017), 60% (2018)
Art 19: Calculation of the greenhouse gas impact
• Economic operators may use
- default values (19.1.a)
- actual values calculated according to Annex V.C (19.1.b)
- sum of actual value and disaggregated default value (19.1.c)
Art 18: Verification of compliance with the sustainability
criteria
• Independent auditors must check information (18.3)
• Can be part of voluntary certification schemes (18.4)
Slide 4
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
RED Annex V.a
Typical greenhouse gas emission saving
Default greenhouse gas emission saving
– Ethanol from wheat (lignite CHP)
32%
16%
– Ethanol from wheat (process fuel not specified)
32%
16%
– Ethanol from wheat (natural gas steam boiler)
45%
34%
– Ethanol from wheat (natural gas CHP)
53%
47%
– Ethanol from wheat (straw CHP)
69%
69%
Biofuel production pathway
– Ethanol from corn
– Ethanol from sugar beet
Ethanol from corn
56%
Default value: 49%
61%
49%
52%
71%
71%
45%
38%
36%
19%
– FAME from palm oil (methane capture)
62%
56%
– FAME from soy
40%
31%
– FAME from sunflower
58%
51%
– FAME from used cooking oil
88%
83%
– PVO from rape seed
45%
57%
– HVO from rape seed
51%
47%
– HVO from palm oil
40%
26%
– HVO from palm oil (methane capture)
68%
65%
– HVO from sunflower
65%
62%
– Biogas from dry manure
86%
82%
– Biogas from wet manure
84%
81%
80%
73%
– Ethanol from sugarcane
– FAME from rape seed
– FAME from palm oil
Rape seed biodiesel
Default value: 38%
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
5 MSW
–Slide
Biogas from
January 25th, 2012
RED Annex V.c: Methodology
Extraction&
cultivation
of raw
material
Land
use
change
Processing
Transport&
distribution
E = eec + el + ep + etd + eu –
–
e
–
e
–
e
–
e
sca
ccs
ccr
ee
Total emissions
from the use
of the fuel
Soil
carbon
capture
Slide 6
Carbon capture
and
geological storage
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Carbon capture
and
replacement
Disaggregated
default values
Fuel
in
use
=0
Excess
electricity
from
cogenertation
Why harmonisation of biofuel GHG calculations?
o Input data
o Standard values (“conversion factors”)
Cultivation of rapeseed
Calculated emissions
Yield
-1
-1
-1
-1
Rapeseed
3.113 kg ha year
Moisture content
10,0%
By-product Straw
n/a
Energy consumption
Diesel
2.963 MJ ha year
Agro chemicals
N-fertiliser
CaO-fertiliser
K2O-fertiliser
STANDARD
P2O5-fertiliser
-1
-1
-1
137,4 kg N ha year
-1
-1
19,0 kg CaO ha year
-1
-1
49,5 kg K2O ha year
-1
-1
VALUES
33,7 kg P2O5 ha year
N-fertiliser
Verifiers‘
training, Bratislava
Slide 7 Seeding material
January 25th, 2012
g CO2, eq
kg ha year
-1
Pesticides
Seeds- rapeseed
Emissions per MJ FAME
g CO2
g CH4
g N2O
-1
parameter:
-1
1,2 kg ha year
-1
-1
6 kg ha year
unit:
6,07
0,00
0,00
6,07
9,08
0,05
0,62
0,03
0,00
0,00
0,03
0,00
0,00
18,89
0,06
0,67
0,76
0,00
0,00
0,80
0,06
0,00
0,00
0,10
GHG emission coefficient
0,32
gCO0,28
/kg
gCH0,00
gN20,00
O/kg gCO
2
4/kg
2-eq/kg
2827,0
8,68
9,6418
5880,6
Why harmonisation of biofuel GHG calculations?
EXAMPLE: Different results from same biofuel
(“cherry picking” of the most beneficial standard values)
Parameter
Nitrogen Fertilizer
g CO2eq/kg
Source
EC (RED
Annex V)
Netherlands
(Ecofys / CE)
5917,2
6367,0
UK
RFA
Germany
IFEU
6800,0
6410
K fertilizer
g CO2eq/kg
579,2
453,0
354 for TSP, 95 for
rock phosphate,
596 for MAP
333,0
CaO fertilizer (85%CaCO3+15%CaO,Ca(OH)2)
g CO2eq/kg
130,0
179,0
124,0
297
Pesticides
g CO2eq/kg
11025,7
17256,8
17300,0
1240
Diesel (direct plus indirect emissions)
g CO2eq/MJ
87,6
76,7
86,4
89,1
Natural gas (direct plus indirect emissions)
g CO2eq/MJ
68,0
53,9
62,0
138,5
62,5
P fertilizer
Methanol (direct plus indirect emissions)
Slide 8
Unit
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
g CO2eq/kg
1013,5
700,0
g CO2eq/MJ
98,1
137,5
1180
663
62,8
Why harmonisation of biofuel GHG calculations?
EXAMPLE: Different results from same biofuel
(same input values but different standard values)
Production of FAME from Rapeseed
Overview Results
Total
All results in
g CO 2,eq / MJ FAME
Production of FAME from Rapeseed
Cultivation eec
Overview Results
All results in
g CO 2,eq / MJ FAME
Cultivation eec
Cultivation of rapeseed
Rapeseed drying
Processing ep
Extraction of oil
Refining of vegetable oil
Esterification
e
1,3
sca + eccr + eccs
Transport of rapeseed
Transport of FAME
Filling station
0,15
Totals
0,73
0,44
0,0
0
0,0
0
45,6
52
Totals
29
Cultivation of rapeseed
Rapeseed drying
Transport etd
Land use change el
esca + eccr + eccs
Slide 9
28,9
28,49
0,42
Total
Processing ep Default values 21,7
Extraction of oil
RED Annex V.D 3,83
Refining of vegetable oil
1,02
27,7
29
Esterification
16,84
27,29
28,51
Transport etd
1,4
0,42
0,42
Transport
of
rapeseed
0,17
16,5
22
Transport of FAME
0,82
3,29
3,82
Filling station
0,44
0,85
17,88
Land
use
change
e
0,0
l
12,39
Default values
RED Annex V.D
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
1
0,0
0,17
52,0
0,82
0,44
28,51
0,42
Emission reduction
22
Fossil fuel reference (diesel) 3,82
83,8 g CO2,eq/MJ 17,88
GHG emission reduction
1
46%
0,17
0,82
0,44
0
0
52
Emission reduction
Fossil fuel reference (diesel)
83,8 g CO2,eq/MJ
GHG emission reduction
38%
Contents
1. Renewable Energy Directive
2. Project BioGrace
3. BioGrace as voluntary scheme
4. GHG Excel tool – incl. the calculation example
5. GHG Excel tool – additional items
6. Conclusion
Slide 10
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Project BioGrace
•
•
•
BIOfuel GReenhouse gas emissions: Alignment of Calculations in
Europe
Key objectives are
1. Cause transparency
2. Cause harmonisation
3. Facilitate stakeholders
4. Disseminate results
Products
1. One list of standard values
2. Excel GHG calculation tool
3. Harmonised national GHG calculators
4. Voluntary certification scheme
1.
2.
Slide 11
Detailed calculation rules
Additional list of standard values
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Project BioGrace
Slide 12
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
The
Excel
tool
Slide 13
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
One list of standard values
Condensed list of standard values, version 3 - Public
This file gives the standard values as published on www.biograce.net in Word format.
Two Word versions of this list exist:
Version 3 - Public
1. A complete list of standard values, containing all the values as listed in the Excel version
2. A condensed list showing the most important standard values
STANDARD VALUES
parameter:
unit:
This file contains
the condensed list.
GHG emission coefficient
gCO2/kg
gCH4/kg
Fuels- gasses
Natural gas (4000 km, Russian NG quality)
Natural gas (4000 km, EU Mix qualilty)
Fuels- liquids
Diesel
Gasoline
HFO
Ethanol
Methanol
FAME
Syn diesel (BtL)
HVO
Slide 14
gCO2-eq/kg
gCO2/MJ
gCH4/MJ
gN2O/MJ
gCO2-eq/MJ
Fossil energy input
MJfossil/kg
MJfossil/MJ
LHV
MJ/kg
(at 0% water)
1
23
http://www.biograce.net/content/ghgcalculationtools/standardvalues.
296
2827,0
964,9
536,3
119,1
9886,5
412,1
2187,7
1,6
412,1
151,1
0,0
8,68
1,33
1,57
0,22
25,53
0,91
4,60
0,00
0,91
0,28
0,00
9,6418
5880,6
0,0183
129,5
10971,3
729,9
3540,3
1,6
729,9
275,9
0,0
1010,7
1 0,0515
Global
Warming potentials
0,0123
576,1
CO1,6814
2
CH41,0028
4,2120
N2O0,0000
1,0028
0,4003
0,0000
2
GHG emission coefficients
N-fertiliser
P2O5-fertiliser
61,58
62,96
87,64
K2O-fertiliser
84,98
CaO-fertiliser
92,80
0,1981
0,1981
0,2900
0,0002
0,0002
66,20
67,59
-
87,64
0,0003
48,99
15,23
9,68
1,97
268,40
7,87
36,29
0,02
7,87
2,61
0,00
1
g CO2,eq / g CO2
23
g CO2,eq / g CH4
296
g CO2,eq / g N2O
1,1281
1,1281
5880,6
1010,7
1,16
102,38
116,76
0,3835
0,0091
0,0003
0,0001
g CO2,eq/kg N
g CO2,eq/kg P2O5
832
43,1
84,98
576,1
1,088
745
43,2
g CO
2O
9702,eq/kg K40,5
99,57
129,5
1,6594
g CO
7932,eq/kg CaO
19,9
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Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
B
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ww
January 25th, 2012
Fuels / feedstock / byproducts - solids
Hard coal
Lignite
Corn
FFB
Rapeseed
Soybeans
Sugar beet
Sugar cane
Sunflowerseed
Wheat
Animal fat
BioOil (byproduct FAME from waste oil)
Crude vegetable oil
DDGS
Glycerol
Palm kernel meal
Density
kg/m3
Abbreviations and definitions used can be found in the Excel file on the web page
Global Warming Potentials (GWP's)
CO2
CH4
N2O
Agro inputs
N-fertiliser
P2O5-fertiliser
K2O-fertiliser
CaO-fertiliser
Pesticides
Seeds- corn
Seeds- rapeseed
Seeds- soy bean
Seeds- sugarbeet
Seeds- sugarcane
Seeds- sunflower
Seeds- wheat
EFB compost (palm oil)
gN2O/kg
111,28
116,98
1,0886
1,0156
794
26,81
890
780
780
37,2
44,0
44,0
26,5
9,2
18,5
24,0
26,4
23,5
16,3
19,6
26,4
17,0
37,1
21,8
36,0
16,0
16,0
17,0
Fuel
efficiency
MJ/t.km
Transport exhaust gas
emissions
gCH4/t.km
gN2O/t.km
Achievements
•
•
European Commission makes reference to list
5 Member States make reference:
-
•
•
•
Another 4 MS committed to do so
One voluntary scheme makes reference
4 national calculators harmonised
-
Slide 15
Denmark, Netherlands, Slovakia, Spain, UK
Germany, Netherlands, Spain, UK
•
Follow up project BioGrace II (solid&gaseous biomass) already under
final negotiation
•
Voluntary scheme: approval expected in the coming months
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Contents
1. Renewable Energy Directive
2. Project BioGrace
3. BioGrace as voluntary scheme
4. GHG Excel tool – incl. the calculation example
5. GHG Excel tool – additional items
6. Conclusion
Slide 16
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
BioGrace as a voluntary certification scheme
•
BioGrace voluntary scheme will consist of a zip file with
1. BioGrace Excel GHG tool
2. BioGrace calculation rules
3. BioGrace user manual
•
•
BioGrace scheme does not contain requirements on audits
and mass balance
GHG tool can be used as “add-on” to existing schemes
−
BioGrace has to be used together with another scheme
BioGrace has submitted GHG tool to EC for recognition as a
voluntary scheme in May 2011; 21st in the queue
Slide 17
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
BioGrace as an add on to existing voluntary
schemes
• Current voluntary cert. schemes
−
−
−
ISSC -> already refers to BioGrace
RTRS, 2BSvs -> allow for external calculator
Bonsucro, Greenergy -> only sugar cane, do not require GHG
calculations
−
−
Slide 18
RSBA (Abengoa) -> company run; no calculator
RSB -> own database: ecoinvent
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Slide 19
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Contents
1. Renewable Energy Directive
2. Project BioGrace
3. BioGrace as voluntary scheme
4. GHG Excel tool – incl. the calculation example
5. GHG Excel tool – additional items
6. Conclusion
Slide 20
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
RED Annex V.c: Methodology
Extraction&
cultivation
of raw
material
Land
use
change
Processing
Transport&
distribution
E = eec + el + ep + etd + eu –
–
e
–
e
–
e
–
e
sca
ccs
ccr
ee
Total emissions
from the use
of the fuel
Soil
carbon
capture
Slide 21
Carbon capture
and
geological storage
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Carbon capture
and
replacement
Disaggregated
default values
Fuel
in
use
=0
Excess
electricity
from
cogenertation
Total results
Extraction&
cultivation
of raw
material
The
Excel
tool
Transport &
distribution
Processing
Land use change
Soil
carbon
capture
,
carbon capture
& replacemnt
Carbon capture &
geological storage
Slide 22
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Before starting…
Take a look at
• the BioGrace calculation rules
• the BioGrace user manual
• the BioGrace additional list of standard values
Slide 23
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
BioGrace Calculation rules…
•
define e.g.:
− Which input data and standard values are allowed
− Cut-off criterion
− Combination of actual and disaggregated values
•
Slide 24
are more detailed than methodology in
RED Annex V.C
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
One important rule:
“Use “track changes” for verification purposes”
Production of
Ethanol
from
Sugarbeet
(steam from NG boiler)
Version 4 - Public
Overview Results
All results in
g CO 2,eq / MJ Ethanol
Non- allocated
Allocation
Allocated
Production
of
Cultivation
eec
results
Ethanol
factor
results
Cultivation of sugarbeet
15,89
Overview Results
Processing
ep
Sugarbeet
(steam
11,3 from NG boiler)
Default values
RED Annex V.D
12
11,33
71,3%
11,54
26,4
EthanolAll
plant
results in
Transport
td
g CO 2,eq /eMJ
Ethanol
Transport
of sugarbeet
Cultivation
eec
Transport of ethanol
Cultivation
of sugarbeet
Filling
station
Non- 37,03
allocated
71,3%
Allocation
26,40
Allocated
results
1,11
1,10
16,16
0,44
0,0
37,03
0,0
factor
71,3%
100%
71,3%
100%
71,3%
71,3%
100%
results
0,79
1,10
11,52
0,44
0,0
26,40
0,0
1,10
0,44
0,0
71,3%
100%
100%
Track changes:
ON
71,3%
0,79
1,10
0,44
0,0
0,0
100%
0,0
Processing
ep
Land
use change
el
e
+
e
+
e
sca
ccr e ccs
Transport
Ethanol plant
td
Totals of sugarbeet
Transport
Transport of ethanol
Filling station
55,6
1,11
Calculation
perephase
Land
use change
l
Cultivation
of
sugarbeet
esca + eccr + eccs
Totals
from
Total
Yield
Sugar beet
55,8
Moisture content
Calculation per phase
Emission reduction
Fossil fuel reference (petrol)
Version
4 2,eq
- Public
/MJ
83,8 g CO
26
Total
26,42
Default values
2
RED Annex
V.D
2,3
11,5
12
26,4
0,0
26
0
0,0
2,3
0
2
0,84
1,10
11,54
0,44
26,42
Allocation factors
GHG emission reduction
52%
Emission reduction
Ethanol plant
Fossil fuel reference (petrol)
Calculations in this Excel sheet……
71,3% to ethanol
83,8 g CO2,eq/MJ
strictly
methodology
as given
in reduction
28,7% follow
to Sugarthe
beet
pulp
GHG
emission
Directives 2009/28/EC and 2009/30/EC
52%
follow JEC calculations by using GWP
values 25 for CH4 and 298 for N2O
As
explained in in
"About"
under "Inconsistent
40,1
40
Calculations
this Excel
sheet…… use of GWP's"
0,84
1,10calculation rules must be respected.
When using this GHG calculation tool, the BioGrace
strictly follow the methodology as given in
0,44
The rules are included in the zip file in which you downloaded
this tool. The
rules are
also available
www.BioGrace.net
Directives
2009/28/EC
andat2009/30/EC
0,0
0
Quantity
0,0 of product
0
follow JEC calculations by using GWP
Calculated emissions
Info
values 25 for CH4 and 298 for N2O
Yield
-1
-1
70.000 kg ha year
75,0% OFF
Track
Trackchanges:
changes:
ON
Cultivation of sugarbeet
Verifiers‘ training,
Bratislava
68.860 kg ha year
Slide 25
75,0%
Moisture
content
January 25th, 2012
Yield
Sugar beet
Allocation factors
Ethanol plant
71,3% to ethanol
28,7% to Sugar beet pulp
-1
-1
Emissions per MJ ethanol
per kg sugarbeet
As explained in "About" under "Inconsistent use of GWP's"
40,3
40
-1
-1
g CO2
g CH4
g N2O
g CO2, eq
g CO2, eq
285.250 MJSugar beet ha year
When using this GHG calculation tool, the BioGrace calculation rules must be respected.
1,000 MJ / MJSugarbeet, input
The rules are included in the zip file in which you downloaded this tool. The rules are also available at www.BioGrace.net
0,451 kgSugarbeet/MJethanol
Quantity of product
Calculated emissions
Info
Yield
Emissions per MJ ethanol
g CO2
g CH4
g N2O
per kg sugarbeet
g CO2, eq
-1
280.605 MJSugar beet ha year
1,000 MJ / MJSugarbeet, input
0,451 kgSugarbeet/MJethanol
-1
g CO2, eq
per ha, year
kg CO2, eq
per ha, year
kg CO2, eq
The aggregation box on top
Production of FAME from Rapeseed (steam from natural gas boiler)
Overview Results
All results in
g CO 2,eq / MJ FAME
Land use change el
esca + eccr + eccs
Totals
Slide 26
29
results
factor
results
48,63
0,72
58,6%
58,6%
28,49
0,42
6,53
1,06
17,61
58,6%
95,7%
95,7%
3,83
1,02
16,84
0,30
0,82
0,44
0,0
58,6%
100%
100%
58,6%
0,17
0,82
0,44
0,0
0,0
0
0,0
100%
0,0
0,0
0
52,0
52
28,51
0,42
21,7
Transport etd
Transport of rapeseed
Transport of FAME
Filling station
28,9
Allocated
Processing ep
Extraction of oil
Refining of vegetable oil
Esterification
Default values
RED Annex V.D
Allocation
Cultivation eec
Cultivation of rapeseed
Rapeseed drying
Total
Non- allocated
3,82
17,88
1,4
76,1
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
22
1
0,17
0,82
0,44
The Cultivation box
Cultivation of rapeseed
Yield
-1
-1
By-product Straw
3.113 kg ha year
10,0%
-1
-1
kg ha year
n/a
Energy consumption
Diesel
2.963 MJ ha year
Rapeseed
Moisture content
Agro chemicals
N-fertiliser (kg N)
CaO-fertiliser (kg CaO)
K2O-fertiliser (kg K2O)
P2O5-fertiliser (kg P2O5)
-1
Seeding material
Seeds- rapeseed
Field N2O emissions
Calculated emissions
Emissions per MJ FAME
g CO2
g CH4
g N 2O
-1
73.975 MJRapeseed ha year
1,000 MJ / MJRapeseed, input
-1
0,073 kgRapeseed/MJFAME
-1
0,00
0,00
6,07
9,08
0,05
0,62
0,03
0,00
0,00
0,03
0,00
0,00
19,00
0,06
0,67
33,7 kg P2O5 ha year
0,76
0,00
0,00
0,80
-1
-1
0,28
0,00
0,00
0,32
-1
-1
0,06
0,00
0,00
0,10
-1
-1
0,00
16,92
0,00
0,03
0,07
0,10
21,61
48,63
-1
-1
137,4 kg N ha year
-1
-1
19,0 kg CaO ha year
-1
-1
49,5 kg K2O ha year
-1
6 kg ha year
3,10 kg ha year
-1
Total
Result
fill in actual data
Slide 27
g CO2, eq
6,07
1,2 kg ha year
Pesticides
Quantity of product
Yield
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
g CO2,eq / MJFAME
48,63
fill in actual data
Yield
-1
By-product Straw
Energy consumption
Diesel
2.963 MJ ha year
Agro chemicals
N-fertiliser (kg N)
CaO-fertiliser (kg CaO)
K2O-fertiliser (kg K2O)
P2O5-fertiliser (kg P2O5)
Pesticides
Seeding material
Seeds- rapeseed
Field N2O emissions
Slide 28
-1
3.113 kg ha year
10,0%
-1
-1
kg ha year
n/a
Rapeseed
Moisture content
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
-1
-1
-1
-1
137,4 kg N ha year
-1
-1
19,0 kg CaO ha year
-1
-1
49,5 kg K2O ha year
-1
33,7 kg P2O5 ha year
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
1,2 kg ha year
6 kg ha year
3,10 kg ha year
-1
separate
calculation sheet
Cultivation eec
Cultivation of rapeseed
Yield
-1
-1
By-product Straw
3.113 kg ha year
10,0%
-1
-1
kg ha year
n/a
Energy consumption
Diesel
2.963 MJ ha year
Rapeseed
Moisture content
Agro chemicals
N-fertiliser (kg N)
CaO-fertiliser (kg CaO)
K2O-fertiliser (kg K2O)
P2O5-fertiliser (kg P2O5)
-1
Seeding material
Seeds- rapeseed
Field N2O emissions
Calculated emissions
Emissions per MJ FAME
g CO2
g CH4
g N 2O
-1
73.975 MJRapeseed ha year
1,000 MJ / MJRapeseed, input
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
33,7 kg P2O5 ha year
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
6 kg ha year
3,10 kg ha year
conversion factors
yield related
Total
Result
fill in actual data
Slide 29
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
g CO2, eq
0,073 kgRapeseed/MJFAME
137,4 kg N ha year
-1
-1
19,0 kg CaO ha year
-1
-1
49,5 kg K2O ha year
1,2 kg ha year
Pesticides
Quantity of product
Yield
6,07
0,00
0,00
6,07
9,08
0,05
0,62
0,03
0,00
0,00
0,03
0,00
0,00
19,00
0,06
0,67
0,76
0,00
0,00
0,80
0,28
0,00
0,00
0,32
0,06
0,00
0,00
0,10
0,00
16,92
0,00
0,03
0,07
0,10
21,61
48,63
g CO2,eq / MJFAME
48,63
Quantity of product
Yield
-1
73.975 MJRapeseed ha year
1,000 MJ / MJRapeseed, input
-1
0,073 kgRapeseed/MJFAME
yield related conversion factors
raw material per final biofuel
values as a function of input values
and/or of the chain
Slide 30
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
multiplying input values
with “standard values“
Cultivation eec
Cultivation of rapeseed
Yield
-1
-1
By-product Straw
3.113 kg ha year
10,0%
-1
-1
kg ha year
n/a
Energy consumption
Diesel
2.963 MJ ha year
Rapeseed
Moisture content
Agro chemicals
N-fertiliser (kg N)
CaO-fertiliser (kg CaO)
K2O-fertiliser (kg K2O)
P2O5-fertiliser (kg P2O5)
Pesticides
Seeding material
Seeds- rapeseed
Field N2O emissions
-1
Quantity of product
Calculated emissions
Yield
Emissions per MJ FAME
g CO2
g CH4
g N 2O
-1
73.975 MJRapeseed ha year
1,000 MJ / MJRapeseed, input
-1
0,073 kgRapeseed/MJFAME
conversion factors
yield related
-1
6,07
0,00
0,00
6,07
9,08
0,05
0,62
0,03
0,00
0,00
0,03
0,00
0,00
19,00
0,06
0,67
33,7 kg P2O5 ha year
0,76
0,00
0,00
0,80
-1
-1
0,28
0,00
0,00
0,32
-1
-1
0,06
0,00
0,00
0,10
-1
-1
0,00
16,92
0,00
0,03
0,07
0,10
21,61
48,63
-1
-1
137,4 kg N ha year
-1
-1
19,0 kg CaO ha year
-1
-1
49,5 kg K2O ha year
-1
1,2 kg ha year
6 kg ha year
3,10 kg ha year
-1
Total
Result
fill in actual data
Slide 31
g CO2, eq
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
g CO2,eq / MJFAME
48,63
Results related to
raw material or acreage
Cultivation eec
Info
Cultivation of rapeseed
per kg rapeseed
g CO2, eq
per ha, year
kg CO2, eq
6,07
83,40
259,7
19,00
0,06
0,67
261,19
0,79
9,20
813,2
2,5
28,6
P2O5-fertiliser (kg P2O5)
0,80
10,96
34,1
Pesticides
0,32
4,36
13,6
Seeding material
Seeds- rapeseed
0,10
1,41
4,4
21,61
48,63
296,99
668,31
924,7
2080,7
Yield
Rapeseed
Moisture content
g CO2, eq
By-product Straw
Energy consumption
Diesel
Agro chemicals
N-fertiliser (kg N)
CaO-fertiliser (kg CaO)
K2O-fertiliser (kg K2O)
Field N2O emissions
48,63
Slide 32
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Calculation example “Old MacDonald’s farm”
1. Steps from cultivation to filling station
2. Use individual input numbers
3. Navigate through tool
4. Standard values
5. Define own standard values
6. Cut-off criterion
Demonstrated in the Excel tool
Slide 33
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Calculation of N2O field emissions
1. A major contributors to GHG emissions of most of the
pathways
2. Default value : N2O emissions calculated from a model
(DNDC, average EU), except some pathways (IPCC Tier 1 for
soybeans, palm trees, sugarcane)
3. For new pathways or when modifying the cultivation data from
an existing pathways : BioGrace recommends to use IPCC
Tier 1 estimation for this emission
• Must be used for actual calculation
Slide 34
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
N2O emissions : fill in few input data
Slide 35
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
N2O emissions
Slide 36
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
N2O emissions : direct and indirect
emissions calculation
Slide 37
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Processing (oil extraction)
Extraction of oil
Quantity of product
Calculated emissions
Yield
0,6125 MJOil / MJRapeseed
0,3875 MJRapeseed cake / MJRapeseed
Crude vegetable oil
By-product Rapeseed cake
-1
Emissions per MJ FAME
g CO2
g CH4
g N2O
-1
44.861 MJOil ha year
0,606 MJ / MJRapeseed, input
0,029 kgOil / MJFAME
Energy consumption
0,0118 MJ / MJOil
Electricity EU mix MV
Steam (from NG boiler)
0,0557 MJ / MJOil
NG Boiler
CH4 and N2O emissions from NG boiler
1,47
0,00
Emissions from NG boiler
0,00
0,00
1,111 MJ / MJSteam
Natural gas (4000 km, EU Mix qualilty)
0,062 MJ / MJOil
Electricity input / MJ steam
0,020 MJ / MJSteam
g CO2, eq
0,00
1,58
0,00
0,02
Natural gas input / MJ steam
Electricity EU mix MV
Chemicals
n-Hexane
0,001 MJ / MJOil
0,0043 MJ / MJOil
Total
Result
fill in actual data
Slide 38
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
4,08
0,01
0,00
4,41
0,14
0,00
0,00
0,15
0,36
6,06
0,00
0,02
0,00
0,00
0,37
6,53
g CO2,eq / MJFAME
6,53
Transport
Transport of FAME
to and from depot
Quantity of product
1,000 MJFAME / MJFAME
FAME
Transport per
Truck for liquids (Diesel)
Fuel
Energy cons. depot
Electricity EU mix LV
300 km
Diesel
Calculated emissions
-1
-1
42790,9 MJFAME ha year
0,578 MJ / MJRapeseed, input
Emissions per MJ FAME
g CO2
g CH4
g N2O
0,0047 ton km / MJRapeseed, input
0,71
0,00084 MJ / MJFAME
0,10
Result
g CO2, eq
0,00
0,71
0,00
0,00
g CO2,eq / MJFAME
0,11
0,8225
0,00
fill in actual data
Filling station
Quantity of product
Yield
Energy consumption
Electricity EU mix LV
1,000 MJFAME / MJFAME
-1
-1
42790,9 MJFAME ha year
0,578 MJ / MJRapeseed, input
Emissions per MJ FAME
g CO2
g CH4
g N2 O
0,0034 MJ / MJFAME
0,41
Result
Slide 39
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
0,00
0,00
g CO2,eq / MJFAME
g CO2, eq
0,44
0,44
Contents
1. Renewable Energy Directive
2. Project BioGrace
3. BioGrace as voluntary scheme
4. GHG Excel tool – incl. the calculation example
5. GHG Excel tool – additional items
6. Conclusion
Slide 40
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
GHG Excel tool – additional items
1. Land use change
2. Improved agricultural management
3. CO2 storage or replacement
Slide 41
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Step 1 : declare LUC in your pathway
Text appear
Slide 42
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Step 2 : Go to the LUC excel sheet and read through this
sheet. Get the Commission Decision 2010/335/EU.
Step 3 : Choose the type of calculation : default or actual
and fill in the appropriate white cells.
Slide 43
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Step 4 (default calculation) : use EC decision to fill out data
Slide 44
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Step 4 (actual calculation) : mind filling detailed
information on the sources of the SOC data used.
Slide 45
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Step 5 : Check in the biofuel pathway that the LUC value
is there. Please, also check that no Improved agricultural
management is declared.
Slide 46
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
eb bonus for degraded and contaminated lands :
- A specific line exits within the LUC module of each pathway.
Slide 47
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Contents
1. Renewable Energy Directive
2. Project BioGrace
3. BioGrace as voluntary scheme
4. GHG Excel tool – incl. the calculation example
5. GHG Excel tool – additional items
6. Conclusion
Slide 48
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
The complete Excel tool
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Slide 49
One separate worksheet for each of the 22 biofuel pathways
Standard values worksheet
Separate worksheet for user defined standard values
Extra worksheets for calculation of
- direct land use change (based on Commission Decision)
- carbon stock accumulation thanks to improved agricultural
management (based on Commission Decision)
- N2O emissions (based on IPCC Tier 1)
List of additional standard values
User manual
Calculations rules
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Questions ?
Slide 50
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Final remarks
• Version 5 will show new pathways according to the RED
Annex V update; spring 2012
• BioGrace is not a certifier! We provide the calculation tool
and will maintain it but we do not
• help individual stakeholders make actual calculations
• check actual calculations at the request of stakeholders
• BioGrace will offer further workshops for trainers of
verifiers
• BioGrace II: Tool for use of solid and gaseous biomass in
electricity, heating and cooling; start up spring 2012
Slide 51
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
Thank you for your attention
The sole responsibility for the content of this presentation lies with the authors. It does not
necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not
responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
Nikolaus LUDWICZEK
[email protected]
[email protected]
Slide 52
Verifiers‘ training, Bratislava
January 25th, 2012
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