RFID: Read and Display

RFID: Read and Display
PR8
RFID: Read and Display
Version 1.2
Aug 2008
Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd.
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updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. No representation or warranty is given and no liability is
assumed by Cytron Technologies Incorporated with respect to the accuracy or use of such information or infringement of patents or other intellectual
property rights arising from such use or otherwise. Use of Cytron Technologies’s products as critical components in life support systems is not
authorized except with express written approval by Cytron Technologies. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any intellectual
property rights.
OVERVIEW
FEATURES
This document describes the development of Cytron
Technologies DIY (Do It Yourself) Project No.8 (PR8).
This project will use PIC16F876A and a RFID reader
(IDR-232) to control LCD (2x 16 characters), LED and
buzzer. Circuit schematic and PIC source code will be
provided.
PIC16F876A
- 8-bit microcontroller with 22 I/O
- Operate with 5V supply
- Operating speed 20MHz
RFID reader IDR-232
- RFID tag reader with serial UART output
- Operate with 5V supply
- Output baud rate 9600bps
LCD (2x 16 characters)
- 2x16 character display
- Operate with 5V supply
- Back light
Created by Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd. – All Rights Reserved
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
RFID tag
RFID reader
(IDR-232)
LCD
(2x16 character)
Microcontroller
(PIC16F876A)
Buzzer
When the RFID tag is place near the RFID reader, the RFID reader read the RFID tag,
further sends the tag ID to the PIC microcontroller. PIC microcontroller process the tag
ID, the user name and the tag ID will be display on the LCD display
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Specification:
Cytron Technologies offers several model of RFID
reader. The most common and easy to use reader is
IDR-232. It read the RFID passive tag and sends the
tag ID to PC or Microcontroller in serial
communication.
IDR-232 is plug and play RFID reader. It has been
designed with capabilities and features of:
RFID Reader (IDR-232)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Low cost solution for reading passive RFID
transponder tags.
Industrial grade casing for better outlook and
protection.
Integrated RFID reader, antenna, LED, power
cable and data cable.
Every reader has been tested before it being
shipped.
9600 baud RS232 serial interface (output
only) to PC.
Fully operation with 5VDC power supply.
Buzzer as sound indication of activity.
Bi-color LED for visual indication of activity.
Standard RS232 serial cable (female) ready to
plug to desktop PC or Laptop.
PS2 as power source from desktop PC.
2cm reading range.
0.1s response time.
Operating frequency: 125 KHz
IDR-232 is fully working RFID tags reader and can be
applied in:
•
•
•
•
•
Figure 1
Security system.
Car parking.
Office.
Hypermarket for item pricing.
Student projects.
IDR-232 can be connected to PC or microcontroller as
part of embedded system. In this project the reader will
Created by Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd. – All Rights Reserved
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
be interface to a microcontroller. For more information,
please refer:
http://www.cytron.com.my/datasheet/IDR232%20Man
ual%20v1.pdf
How RFID works:
RFID also known as Radio-frequency identification is
an automatic identification method where the data is
stored in the RFID tag. The RFID reader is a device
that transmit radio frequency when powered ON. When
the RFID tag is place near the RFID reader, the RDIF
tag will receive the radio frequency via the antenna
inside RFID tag. The radio frequency received will be
converted into electrical power that is enough for the
RFID tag to transmit the data back to the RFID reader.
Further, the RFID reader will transmit the tag ID to
PIC or PC via serial communication.
PIC16F876A
This powerful (200 nanosecond instruction execution)
yet easy-to-program (only 35 single word instructions)
CMOS FLASH-based 8-bit microcontroller packs
Microchip's powerful PIC® architecture into an 28-pin
package and is upwards compatible with the
PIC16C5X, PIC12CXXX and PIC16C7X devices.
Feature of the device:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
HARDWARE
This project will require following hardware:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
1 x RFID reader, IDR-232
1 x PR8 Printed Circuit Board (PCB)
1 x PIC16F876A
1 x LCD (2x16 character)
Related electronic components
Please refer to Appendix A for the PCB layout of PR8.
The PCB layout is provided free therefore Cytron
Technologies will not be responsible for any further
modification or improvement.
Interface RFID reader (IDR-232) with
PIC16F876A
The RFID reader comes with a serial port (DB9) for
data communication and a PS2 connector to supply 5V
for the reader. For this project, user has to cut the wire
of the RFID reader and connect the wire to a 2510-04
female connector. Different types of RFID reader
sometimes have different color of output wire. There
are 5 output wire of RFID reader, only 4 are necessary.
256 bytes of EEPROM data memory
Self programming
ICD (In Circuit Debugging function)
2 Comparators
5 channels of 10-bit Analog-to-Digital (A/D)
converter
2 capture/compare/PWM functions
The synchronous serial port can be configured
as either 3-wire Serial Peripheral Interface
(SPI™) or the 2-wire Inter-Integrated Circuit
(I²C™) bus
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
(UART)
Figure 3
Figure 2
Figure 2 shows the pin diagram for PIC16F876A. For
more information about the PIC microcontroller, please
refer to the datasheet. The datasheet can be found in
microchip web site at: http://www.microchip.com
Created by Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd. – All Rights Reserved
Figure 4
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
Colour
Pin function
Yellow
RX
Green
TX
Red
Vcc (5V)
Brown
Ground
Shielding wire
NC
*NC = not connected
Connection
NC
RC7
5V
GND
NC
Colour
Pin function
Green
RX
White
TX
Red
Vcc (5V)
Black
Ground
Blue
NC
*NC = not connected
Connection
NC
RC7
5V
GND
NC
Connect only four (yellow, green, red and brown) of
the wire to 2510-04 female connector according to the
colour of the wire. For more information about how to
connect the wire to 2510-04 connector, please refer to
getting start section.
Figure 6 is a 2x16 character LCD. LCD connection
pins and function of each pin:
Pin
1
2
Name
VSS
VCC
3
VEE
4
RS
5
R/W
6
E
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
DB0
DB1
DB2
DB3
DB4
DB5
DB6
DB7
LED+
16
LED-
Pin function
Ground
Positive supply
for LCD
Brightness adjust
Select
register,
select instruction
or data register
Select read or
write
Start data read or
write
Data bus pin
Data bus pin
Data bus pin
Data bus pin
Data bus pin
Data bus pin
Data bus pin
Data bus pin
Backlight positive
input
Backlight
negative input
Connection
GND
5V
Connected to
a preset to
adjust
brightness
RC3
RC2
RC4
RB0
RB1
RB2
RB3
RB4
RB5
RB6
RB7
RC1
GND
Figure 5
The output of the RFID reader is serial UART in logic
+10V/-10V, and the baud rate is 9600bps. The Figure 5
shown is used to convert +10V/-10V logic to +5V/0V
logic for PIC microcontroller.
Interface LCD (2x16 character) with
PIC16F876A
To use the LCD, user has to solder 16 header pin to the
LCD. LCD used in this project is JHD162A, for other
type of LCD, please refer to its data sheet.
Figure 7
Power supply for the circuit
Figure 8
Figure 6
User can choose either AC to DC adaptor (not included
in the DIY project set) or 9V-12V battery (not included
in the DIY project set) to power up the circuit. Higher
input voltage will produce more heat at LM7805
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
voltage regulator. Typical voltage is 12V. Anyhow,
LM7805 will still generate some heat at 12V. There are
two types of power connector for the circuit, DC plug
(J1) and 2510-02 (Power Connector). Normally AC to
DC adaptor can be plugged to J1 type connector.
Buzzer as output of PIC microcontroller
As Figure 8 shown, the D2 is use to protect the circuit
from wrong polarity supply. C7 and C11 is use to
stabilize the voltage at the input side of the LM7805
voltage regulator, while the C8 and C12 is use to
stabilize the voltage at the output side of the LM7805
voltage supply. The LED is a green LED to indicate
the power status of the circuit. R13 is resistor to protect
LED from over current that will burn the LED.
Push Button
microcontroller
as
input
for
PIC
Figure 11
When the output is in logic 1, the buzzer will activate
(beep), while when the output is in logic 0, the buzzer
will deactivate.
ICSP
for
microcontroller
programming
PIC
Figure 9
Figure 12
One I/O pin is designated for a push button as input of
PIC microcontroller. The connection of the push button
to the I/O pin is shown in Figure 9. The I/O pin should
be pull up to 5V using a resistor (with value range 1K10K) and this configuration will result an active-low
input. When the button is being pressed, reading of I/O
pin will be in logic 0, while when the button is not
pressed, reading of that I/O pin will be logic 1.
MCLR, RB6 and RB7 need to be connected to the
USB In Circuit Programmer (UIC00A) to program the
PIC microcontroller. At the same time, RB3 need to be
pull low to 0V to disable low voltage programming,
because the programmer is using high voltage
programming. The programmer (UIC00A) is not
included in DIY project set since it can be used several
time for different project set. User can also choose
other type of PIC programmer to load the program.
LED as output for PIC microcontroller
For the instruction of using PIC programmer, please
refer to the particular PIC programmer user’s manual.
Figure 10
One I/O pin is designated for a LED as output of PIC
microcontroller. The connection for a LED to I/O pin is
shown in Figure10. The function of R11 is to protect
the LED from over current that will burn the LED.
When the output is in logic 1, the LED will ON, while
when the output is in logic 0, the LED will OFF.
Created by Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd. – All Rights Reserved
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
PCB circuit board
SOFTWARE
Flow Chart:
7
1
8
14
9
16
Start
13
10
2
15
17
4
3
Initialize PIC
and LCD
11
12
18
5
Tag ID
received?
No
Yes
6
Compare
received tag ID
with
preprogram ID
Figure 13
Component:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
2510-02 connector, (to use either 9V battery
or 12V battery to power up the circuit).
Slide switch (to ON or OFF the circuit).
Buzzer.
LED.
Preset (to adjust the brightness of the LCD).
LCD.
AC-DC adaptor socket (to use power supply
from AC-DC adaptor).
Diode (to protect the circuit from wrong
polarity power input).
Capacitor (to stabilize the output voltage of
the LM7805 voltage regulator).
Power indicator LED (to indicate the power
status of the circuit).
Crystal (20MHz).
PIC 16F876A (the main brain of the system).
Push button.
LM7805 (voltage regulator, supply 5V for
PIC).
Reset button (to reset the microcontroller).
2510-04 connector for RFID reader.
RFID reader support component.
ICSP box header (to connect to PIC
programmer for loading program).
Tag ID
match?
No
Yes
Display Tag
ID and user
name
Display Tag
ID and “user
not found”
Beep once
Beep twice
For more information about the software of this system,
please refer to the source code provided. The
explanation of each instruction is provided in the
source code as the comment of each line.
The source code is provided free and Cytron
Technologies will not be responsible for any further
modification or improvement.
GETTING START
User can obtain the hardware set for this project (PR8)
either by online purchasing (www.cytron.com.my) or
purchase it in Cytron Technologies Shop.
1.
Created by Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd. – All Rights Reserved
Once user has the hardware set, soldering
process can be started. Please solder the
electronic components one by one according
the symbols or overlays on the Printed Circuit
Board (PCB). Ensure the component value
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
and polarity is correctly soldered. Please refer
to PCB Layout in Appendix A.
Caution: Make sure all the connectors (2510) are
soldered in proper side. Those electronic
components have polarity such as capacitor,
diode, PIC, LM7805 and LED should be
soldered in right polarity or it may cause the
circuit board fail to work.
Warning: Before the battery (Power) is plugged in,
make sure the polarity is correct to prevent the
explosion. Wrong polarity of capacitor also
may cause explosion.
2.
Connect the
connector.
RFID
reader
to
2510-04
Figure 15
Connect the wire to 2510-04 connector:
The heat shrink tube can be used to tie the wire
together to make it look nicer. The wire have to be
soldered to the 2510 iron pin and plug the soldered iron
pin into 2510-04 connector according to the colour
shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16.
1
2
3
4
Figure 16
5
7
9
6
3.
Please download the necessary files and
document from Cytron Technologies website.
These included documentation, sample source
code, schematic, component list and software.
4.
The next step is to install MPLAB IDE and
HI-TECH C PRO into a computer. The
MPLAB IDE software can be downloaded
from www.cytron.com.my . Please refer
MPLAB IDE installation step document to
install the software. The documents can be
used to any version of MPLAB IDE software.
5.
After the installation complete, open the
project file provided using MPLAB IDE.
Please refer MPLAB Open Project document
to open the sample program.
6.
Please modify the tag ID in the program
same as the tag ID that you want to read.
This step is to allow the system to remember
the ID.
8
10
Figure 14
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
7.
Plug in power supply for the circuit. User can
choose to use battery or AD to DC adaptor.
AC to DC adaptor:
11. Have fun!
TEST METHOD
1.
2.
3.
Switch ON the power
• Power Led (Green) will turn ON.
• LCD will show “RFID door security”
• After a few second it will change to
“Place your ID on the reader”
Place the card on RFID
• LCD will show “ID : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ user
not found”
• After a few second it will change again to
“Place your ID on the reader”
If all steps mention above can be executed,
your project is done successfully.
Congratulations!!
12V Polarity
Figure 17 (Not included in DIY project set)
WARRANTY
9V battery connector:
No warranty will be provided as this is DIY project.
Thus, user is advice to check the polarity of each
electronic component before soldering it to board.
Figure 18 (not included in DIY project set)
Connection to the PCB board:
Figure 19
8.
Build the project and load the hex file into the
PIC microcontroller using the USB In Circuit
Programmer (UIC00A). When user build the
project, MPLAB IDE will generate hex file.
The hex file generated from MPLAB IDE will
be named according to project name, not C
file name. Cytron Technologies also provide
hex file for user. Do not forget to switch ON
the power. The programmer is not included in
the hardware set but it can be found at Cytron
website. (User manual is provided at website).
9.
Test the functionality of the PCB board.
10. Modify the program.
Appendix
Created by Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd. – All Rights Reserved
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
PCB Layout:
2510-02
Connector
Slide
switch
Adaptor 1N4007 E-cap C-cap
socket Diode 100uF 104
LM7805
1N4148
Diode
330R
330R
2510-04
Connector
4K7
4K7
1K
1N4148
10K
Diode
2N2222A
4K7
Transistor
10K
Buzzer
C-cap 20MHz
30pF Crystal
PIC16F876A
Box
Header
4K7
C-cap 104
4K7
preset
1K
Jumper
LCD
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PR8 – RFID: Read and Display
Prepared by
Cytron Technologies Sdn. Bhd.
19, Jalan Kebudayaan 1A,
Taman Universiti,
81300 Skudai,
Johor, Malaysia.
Tel:
Fax:
+607-521 3178
+607-521 1861
URL: www.cytron.com.my
Email: [email protected]
[email protected]
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