KN2C 2020T User Manual v2

KN2C 2020T User Manual v2
KN2C DF2020T
USER MANUAL
Rev.2
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
KN2C DF2020T
USER MANUAL
Rev.2-1
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
Table of Contents
General ..............................................................................................................3
Specifications.................................................................................................3
Multi Display .................................................................................................4
Contents in the package .................................................................................5
Prepare to use ..................................................................................................6
Assemble Main Unit ........................................................................................6
Connect Cables ...............................................................................................7
After Assembly the kit ......................................................................................7
Connection Diagram ........................................................................................8
The Antenna Unit ..............................................................................................9
Wideband Principles .......................................................................................9
The Antenna Unit ............................................................................................9
FM Receiver ....................................................................................................10
Antenna Unit ...................................................................................................10
DF Calibration .................................................................................................11
Preparing Calibration .....................................................................................11
Calibration .....................................................................................................11
Q & A ..............................................................................................................12
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
The KN2C DF2020T is an economical but very sophisticated Doppler DF "kit" with a GPS
input, and RS232 output to provide the ability to indicate its location and draw bearing
automatically or manually on Google Earth map to find the RF transmitter more conveniently.
KN2C-2020T kit Includes eight assembled / tested PC boards: MAIN board and 2 Sub boards
in the main unit, and five antenna boards in the antenna modules (one for each of four antennas
and one for auxiliary antenna). Completion work is required by the user to finish the DF main
unit. Guidelines for the completion work are provided.
The user must provide a NB FM receiver, antennas and a PC for DF bearing (Windows OS).
DF2020 display program further requires a GPS receiver with NMEA 4800 baud output.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
VHF Doppler DF – 4 Antennas primarily for mobile DF, 100~1000 MHz
Economy, high performance DSP / micro processor design, software intensive
Sold as a kit – Main unit, antenna unit and associated cables
Accepts NMEA RS232 GPS input data ( 4800 baud, $GPRMC, $GPGGA and / or $GPVTG
sentences ) for "Plotting map on Windows PC display”
RS232 output for Windows PCs (Agrello format)
Uses modified Joe Moell Wideband Antenna design
9 ~ 28 VDC operation
Optional GPS Receiver available
Specifications:
Rcvr Freq: Determined by user-provided FM receiver (Range 100 to 1000 MHz)
Antenna: Four elements for DF upgraded design for improving sensitivity and accuracy,
(Wave vertical with assembled)
Ant Scan: Scan rate 430 Hz, rotation clockwise (viewed from above antenna)
Ant Switch: Modified Joe Moell Wideband Doppler DF antenna design
Employs Agilent HSMP3893 SMT PIN diodes
SMT / strip line circuit design, SMA output connector
Audio Input: FM receiver speaker audio, 1.0K ohm load. 25db dynamic range.
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
GPS Input: 4800 baud RS232 input, NMEA $GPRMC, $GPGGA and / or $GPVTG messages.
Output 1: RS232 Agrello DF message, 4800 baud, 8N2. (15 messages / second )
Ant Outputs : Four discrete active HIGH outputs for KN2C-2020 Antenna ( one per antenna )
DC Power : 9 ~ 28 VDC
Voice Filter : Switched-capacitor filter, (SCF) 4 sections. Bandwidth 0.2 Hz
Multi Display
The MultiDisplay of KN2C DF2020T provides a combined numeric and pelorus display in the main
board. A high quality display, with 2 microcomputers and an RS232 input that accepts Agrello DF
messages.
The pelorus display employs 36 high density LEDs, with 4 yellow LEDs at cardinal headings.
Option straps allow "hold/blink" of last valid DF data, or pelorus "orbit" when data goes invalid.
All LEDs briefly "flash" (2 second intervals) for enhanced nighttime viewing
•
•
•
•
3 digit numeric readout, 0.36 inch characters
36 LED pelorus display, 4 yellow cardinal LEDS
Selectable HOLD/ORBIT display for old DF data
Power-on self-test
RS232 Output
The RS232 output message is transmitted about 10 times per second, and complies with the very
popular Agrello DF message format, as shown below :
Agrello DF message format :
%BBB/Q<cr>
Where
%
= message start character
BBB
= signal bearing degrees ( 000-359 )
Q
= signal quality ( 0-9 ) ( fixed @ 7 in this design )
<cr>
= carriage return
The RS232 message is transmitted at 4800 baud, with an 8N2 byte format. Negative voltage for the RS232 port
is "robbed" from the host computer’s TX line, which is ( otherwise ) ignored.
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
Contents in the package
1. Case with assembled parts - requires a minimum assembly
2. The antenna Module with built-in magnetic on the bottoms
3. Cigar Jack Power Cord
4. Screw pack
5. 3.5 mm Audio Cable Set
6. RG-174 cable – 4.5 m (14.7 feet)
7. Antenna Control Cable – 4.3 m (14 feet)
8. Bracket
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
Prepare to use
1) Assemble Main Unit
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Put Front Decal on the front of case – Begin right side (Power switch hole) first.
Plug the power switch into the hole – Push it until its clamps hold the case.
Connect the switch on the sub board.
Close the top cover with 4 screws.
Attach the bracket if necessary.
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
2) Connect Cables
a) DC(9-28V) : Main Power – Cigar Jack cable or DC adaptor
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
PHONE : Connect earphone or external speaker if necessary
AUDIO IN: Connect audio output from a receiver with 3.5 mm Audio Cable provided
GPS: Connect the optional GPS receiver (4800 BPS)
RS-232: Connect a PC for plotting on Google Earth map
TO Control: Connect the main antenna module
3) After Assembly the kit
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
4) KN2C 2020T Connection Diagram



When you use RS232(Serial) To USB Convertor, please install the right driver comes
with it.
Antenna N should be placed in frontward of vehicle to indicate 0 degree of DF.Display.
When DF2020 tunes with the right RF signal, it outputs clear 430 Hz audio signal which
will indicates stable LED.
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
The Antenna Unit
1) Wideband Principles
a) The KN2C-2020T antenna described here should be suitable for use across multiple octaves of
b)
c)
d)
e)
frequency range. The KN2C 2020T antenna unit is intended for use across the range of 100 MHz to 1
GHz, but operation outside these limits can reasonably be expected, and the exact limits can only be
determined experimentally. RF sensitivity of the antenna is another matter. Sensitivity will vary
significantly with large frequency changes, but this can be compensated to some degree by using
antenna elements of different length for specific bands. The information provided below is intended for
people who anticipate using the KN2C-2020T across a multi-octave frequency range.
The upper frequency limit of operation for a Doppler antenna is fairly well-defined, and is determined by
the separation distance between adjacent antenna elements, expressed in wavelengths. Distances
exceeding 1/3 wavelength will begin to degrade the RF sensitivity of the antenna, and distance of
wavelength will definitely cause trouble. The reason involves the amount of RF phase "jump" that occurs
when the DF switches from one antenna to the next. The receiver must "adjust" to the changes of (input)
RF phase, and the Doppler pulses are created in the receiver as a "side effect" of the re-adjustment
process.
For phase jumps exceeding 120 degrees, (= 1/3 wavelength distance) the amplitude of the RF signal
will suffer some decay while the receiver "re-adjusts" to the new RF phase angle. For phase jumps of
180 degrees (= wavelength distance) the RF signal will completely decay to zero amplitude, and then
"re-appear" in the receiver, (with reversed phase) resulting in a "noise" pulse instead of a Doppler pulse.
The lower frequency limit is more nebulous and ill-defined. Strictly speaking, there is no true lower
frequency "limit" for the operation of a Doppler. As the RF frequency descends, the size of the antenna
(expressed in wavelengths) grows progressively smaller, yielding Doppler pulses of progressively
smaller amplitude. The relationship is quite predictable and linear cutting the RF frequency in half will
cut the Doppler pulses in half also. ( because the antenna dimensions have been cut in half, expressed
in wavelengths )
This can be compensated (to some degree) by increasing the audio level in the receiver, but there is a
limit to this method at some point, the audio level will be so great that serious distortion will result, either
in the Doppler input circuits or in the audio output stages of the receiver. Therefore, the factors that
determine the lower frequency limit are (1) The size of the antenna, expressed in wavelengths, (2) the
maximum audio level that will not cause distortion, and (3) the minimum detection level of the Doppler
DF.
2) The Antenna Unit
Antenna Module
The Bottom of Antenna Base
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
The antenna unit consists of 5 horizontal metal bases ( = antenna boards ) and 4 vertical antenna
elements. The each DF antenna module is connected to the main antenna module with 40cm (15.7
inches) cable. It can be secured to a vehicle roof with strong magnetic on the bottom of each module,
and the sponge pad can serve as cushions to prevent paint damage to the vehicle roof. ( right photo)
The antenna is 12 to 18 inches long each, but never greater than 1/4 wavelength. They are connected
into each module with BNC
The four DF antenna modules must be arranged into a square, with all sides of the square being of
equal length, within 1 inch. The main antenna module should correspond to the center of four DF
modules to ensure uniform RF sensitivity in all directions for the finished antennas. The size of the
square should never exceed 1/4 wavelength on any side.
The RF output of the ANTENNA module is provide with a SMA connector, which must be connected to
the antenna input of the FM receiver with a coaxial cable (RG-174 cable provided) with BNC connector
The antenna control signal from the main antenna module must be connected to the main unit with the
antenna control cable provided.
The FM Receiver (NB FM Receiver)
1) When installed, the antenna input of the FM receiver is connected via a coaxial cable to the BNC connector
located on the main antenna module of KN2C-2020T. The FM receiver speaker output is connected to the
KN2C-2020T audio input.
2) The KN2C-2020T DF requires a NB FM receiver, which the user must provide. This receiver determines the
operating frequency for the DF (DF radio channel). The receiver must be a FM receiver, because Doppler
shift is a form of frequency shift, so the receiver’s detector must be a "frequency shift detector" (FM detector)
to recover the Doppler signal.
3) The intended operating range of the KN2C-2020T DF is 100 to 1000 MHz, but reasonable operation beyond
these limits can be expected, with a suitable antenna unit.
4) No internal modifications to the FM receiver are required. The Doppler modulation (caused by the antenna
switching) results in an audio "tone" or "whine" that is detected along with any "voice" audio in the received
signal. The frequency of the Doppler tone is about 430 Hz, and it passes easily through the audio circuits of
the FM receiver, just like any other audio tone.
The GPS RS232 Input Port
The GPS RS232 input accepts 4800 baud NMEA data, scans the data for the $GPRMC, $GPGGA and
$GPVTG sentences, ( very common ) and relays these sentences ( if found ) through the KN2C-2020T RS232
output port, to the display computer. GPS Data is NOT fed to the IR port. To increase the amount of DF data
provided, every 3rd GPS message is relayed, instead of each message. Furthermore, only the $GPRMC
message is relayed, if found. Otherwise, the $GPGGA and $GPVTG messages are relayed, if found.
The GPS itself must generally be configured to transmit NMEA data, because a variety of data formats are
available. ( NMEA is the most common format ) In some cases, it will be necessary to buy a special cable from
the manufacturer, to get the data. The $GPRMC, $GPGGA and $GPVTG sentences are the most common
NMEA sentences provided, but if you wish to confirm their presence in your GPS output, you can examine the
data stream with HyperTerminal, which is provided ( free ) with every Windows operating system, in the
PROGRAMS / ACCESSORIES menu.
If you do not wish to employ the GPS input, simply leave it disconnected
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
DF Calibration
Calibration DF unit will be necessary at the first time or any time you use your KN2C-2020 on a
different vehicle.
It is necessary to recalibrate, if you remove and replace the antennas on your vehicle, and they are
not placed back in precisely the same locations and geometry making.
Installing the antenna unit on the roof of your vehicle
a. Place N on the frontward of car (0 degree)
b. Place S to on the backward of car (180 degree)
c. Place E to on the passenger side of car (90 degree)
d. Place W to on the driver side of car (270 degree)
Optimum spacing of the four array sides is given by the formula D = 2630/F where D is distance
between adjacent whips in inches and F is received frequency in MHz. This distance is not critical,
but use care to place the whips in a perfect square pattern on the roof and align the array sides
parallel to the sides of the vehicle.
It's tedious to set out the magnetic-mount whips using just a ruler or tape measure. I made separate
cardboard templates for optimum 146, 223, and 440 MHz spacing. Cutouts in the template corners
match the whip bases. Emplacement is fast and misalignment is avoided with the templates. Once
the whips are in place, I remove the template so it doesn't get rained on or blow away. Kevin Kelly
N6QAB went a step further and marked the top of his vehicle with whip locations
Preparing Calibration
1. Connect the RF output from the Antenna Control unit to the VHF FM receiver’s antenna
connector
2. Connect the Antenna Control cable between the Antenna Control unit and KN2C-2020’s Main
unit.
3. Connect the FM receiver's external speaker audio to the audio input jack on KN2C-2020 main
unit.
4. Turn on the power to your DF unit.
5. Turn on the receiver and open the squelch on your receiver, then tune it to the frequency
desired.
6. You should hear a 430 Hz tone imposed on any audio present depending on the Antenna
Speed selection at startup.
Calibration
The easiest way to calibrate is to drive your vehicle to an open area and have a friend position
himself/herself at least 100 ~150 feet (30 ~40 m) away with low power and directly ahead of the
vehicle while transmitting an unmodulated carrier.
If your friend is using an HT, ask him/her hold it vertical at approximately the height of the vehicle
antennas. If the DDF already turned on, check which direction the direction LED shows and adjust
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
the potential meter through Calibration Hole with a small screw driver. The 0 degree LED should
indicate that the signal is directly ahead of the vehicle (N on antenna control unit).
As a double check, your friend can transmit while circling the vehicle at approximately the same
distance and the display should follow him/her. The DF will retain this calibration even after power
is turned off.
An alternate method of calibrating the unit is to drive directly towards a known transmitter site,
across an open area. This will give you the best calibration but may be difficult or impossible in
urban areas. The simpler method should be quite adequate.
You may develop other methodologies that work better in your situation and by all means use them.
Q&A
 I saw a blue LED ( 0 degree ), sometimes unstable red dots, but not beaming the right direction.
Sometimes there was a yellow (90,180, 270 degree) LED.
a. Unstable LED means that KN2C-2020 does not receive the right signal. When KN2C2020 tunes with the right signal, it outputs clear 430 Hz audio signal which will indicates
stable LED.
b. Adjust the volume of your FM receiver – It may be too low or high
c. The transmitter locates to close to DDF antennas
d. Check is there any objects to reflect RF signal such as tall buildings or RF interference
e. The one of big reason of unstable lights is the interference with street objects such as
buildings, cars, and trees. The best way to get the accurate bearing in stop your vehicle at
the place to avoid or minimize the interference to draw a bearing and move to another
place until you get the satisfied results.
 The directions of LED look opposite or different angles but seems stable from the actual direction
of the transmitter.
a. It requires calibration to adjust the angle to the correct direction.
b. Check the DF antennas’ directions.
 NAVI 2020 software looks not to receive GPS signal (location information).
a. Check whether the external GPS is receiving (blinking red light) and the cable between
GPS and the main Unit or the main unit and PC.
b. Change COM port.
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Global TSCM Group, Inc.
12 W 32nd St, Suite 604, New York, NY 10001, USA
http://globaltscmgroup-usa.com [email protected]
Tel.: +1 212 967 4030 +1 646 233 0383 Fax: +1 212 967 7560
THE STEALTH
The Confidential Catch
LIMITED WARRANTY
Global TSCM Group, Inc. makes every effort to assure that its products meet high quality and
durability standards, and warrants to the original purchaser that this product is free from defects in
materials and workmanship for the period of 1 year from the date of purchase. This warranty does not
apply to damage due to directly or indirectly, to misuse, abuse, negligence or accidents, repairs or
alterations outside our facilities, criminal activity and improper installation.
To take advantage of this warranty, the product or part must be returned with transportation
charges prepaid. Proof of purchase date and explanation of the complaint must accompany the
merchandise. If our inspection verifies the defect, we will either repair or replace the product at our
election. We will return repaired products at our expense, but if we determine there is no defect, or
that the defect resulted from causes not within the scope of our warranty, then you must bear the cost
of returning the product.
The appearance and specifications can be changed without ant notification for the purpose of upgrade product.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement