USER`S MANUAL - Highland Homes
USER’S MANUAL
Smoke Alarms
AC Po w e r e d I o n i z a t i o n S m o k e
Alarm with Silence and
L a t ch i n g F e a t u r e s
Model 9120
Input: 120V AC ~, 60 Hz, 0.04A
AC Po w e r e d I o n i z a t i o n S m o k e
A l a r m w i t h B a t t e r y B a ck - u p ,
S i l e n c e a n d L a t ch i n g F e a t u r e s
Model 9120B
Input: 120V AC ~, 60 Hz, 0.04A
Models 9120
9120B
Printed in Mexico
M08-0134-004 K1 08/08
LISTED TO
UL 217
STANDARD
IMPORTANT! PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE
This user’s manual contains important information about your Smoke Alarm’s
operation. If you are installing the Smoke Alarm for use by others, you must
leave this manual — or a copy of it — with the end user.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
All First Alert® and BRK® Smoke Alarms conform to regulatory
requirements, including UL217 and are designed to detect particles of
combustion. Smoke particles of varying number and size are produced
in all fires.
Ionization technology is generally more sensitive than photoelectric
technology at detecting small particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by flaming fires, which consume combustible
materials rapidly and spread quickly. Sources of these fires may include
paper burning in a wastebasket, or a grease fire in the kitchen.
Photoelectric technology is generally more sensitive than ionization
technology at detecting large particles, which tend to be produced in
greater amounts by smoldering fires, which may smolder for hours
before bursting into flame. Sources of these fires may include cigarettes
burning in couches or bedding.
For maximum protection, use both types of Smoke Alarms on each level
and in every bedroom of your home.
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Fire Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Before You Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
How To Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Optional Locking Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Understanding the Indicator Lights
and Alarm Horn Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
If This Smoke Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
What To Do In Case Of Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Using the Silence Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
“Latching Alarm” Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
If You Suspect a Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Recommended Locations For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
About Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Special Compliance Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Limitations of Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
FIRE SAFETY TIPS
Follow safety rules and prevent hazardous situations: 1) Use smoking
materials properly. Never smoke in bed. 2) Keep matches or lighters away from
children; 3) Store flammable materials in proper containers;
4) Keep electrical appliances in good condition and don’t overload electrical
circuits; 5) Keep stoves, barbecue grills, fireplaces and chimneys grease- and
debris-free; 6) Never leave anything cooking on the stove unattended;
7) Keep portable heaters and open flames, like candles, away from flammable
materials; 8) Don’t let rubbish accumulate.
Keep alarms clean, and test them weekly. Replace alarms immediately if they
are not working properly. Smoke Alarms that do not work cannot alert you to
a fire. Keep at least one working fire extinguisher on every floor, and an additional one in the kitchen. Have fire escape ladders or other reliable means of
escape from an upper floor in case stairs are blocked.
© 2008 BRK Brands, Inc. All rights reserved.
Distributed by BRK Brands, Inc.
3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005
www.brkelectronics.com • www.firstalert.com
INTRODUCTION
BEFORE YOU INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
Thank you for choosing BRK Brands, Inc. for your Smoke Alarm needs.
You have purchased a state-of-the-art Smoke Alarm designed to provide
you with early warning of a fire.
Key features include:
IMPORTANT! Read “Recommended Locations for Smoke Alarms” and
“Locations to Avoid for Smoke Alarms” before beginning. This unit monitors
the air, and when smoke reaches its sensing chamber, it alarms. It can give
you more time to escape before fire spreads. This unit can ONLY give an
early warning of developing fires if it is installed, maintained and located
where smoke can reach it, and where all residents can hear it, as described
in this manual. This unit will not sense gas, heat, or flame. It cannot prevent
or extinguish fires.
Smart Technology designed to help reduce unwanted or nuisance alarms.
Single Button Test/Silence eliminates confusion. Depending on what
mode the alarm is in, pushing the button provides different functions such
as testing the alarm, silencing the alarm, re-testing the alarm when in
silence and clearing the Latching feature.
Latching Alarm Indicator easily identifies initiating alarm even after the
alarm condition has subsided.
Perfect Mount System includes a gasketless base for easy installation and
a new mounting bracket that keeps the alarm secure over a wide rotation
range to allow for perfect alignment.
Dust Cover is included to keep the alarm clean during construction.
Easy Installation/Maintenance features include a large opening in the
mounting bracket for easy access to wiring. A battery pull tab keeps the
battery fresh until the home is occupied. A Side Load Battery Drawer allows
for easy battery replacement without removing the alarm from the ceiling or
wall (Model 9120B only).
Improved UV Resistance keeps the alarm from discoloring over time.
Understand The Different Type of Smoke Alarms
Battery powered or electrical? Different Smoke Alarms provide
different types of protection. See “About Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know Where To Install Your Smoke Alarms
Fire Safety Professionals recommend at least one Smoke Alarm on every
level of your home, in every bedroom, and in every bedroom hallway or
separate sleeping area. See “Recommended Locations For Smoke Alarms”
and “Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know What Smoke Alarms Can and Can’t Do
A Smoke Alarm can help alert you to fire, giving you precious time to
escape. It can only sound an alarm once smoke reaches the sensor. See
“Limitations of Smoke Alarms” for details.
Check Your Local Building Codes
This Smoke Alarm is designed to be used in a typical single-family home.
It alone will not meet requirements for boarding houses, apartment buildings,
hotels or motels. See “Special Compliance Considerations” for details.
1
USER’S MANUAL
INTRODUCTION
Smoke & Carbon
Monoxide Alarm
Thank you for choosing BRK Brands, Inc. for your Smoke and Carbon
Monoxide Alarm needs. You have purchased a state-of-the-art Smoke &
CO Alarm designed to provide you with early warning of a fire or Carbon
Monoxide. Key features include:
Smoke & Carbon Monoxide Combination Alarm. One alarm protects
against two deadly household threats.
AC Po wer ed S moke &
C a r b o n M o n ox i d e A l a r m
w i t h B a t t e r y B a ck - u p ,
Silence Feature and
L a t ch i n g A l a r m
Intelligent Sensing Technology designed to help reduce unwanted or
nuisance alarms.
Smart Interconnect can be interconnected to BRK Smoke Alarms.
One interconnect wire carries both smoke and CO alarm signals.
Single Button Test/Silence eliminates confusion. Depending on what
mode the alarm is in, pushing the button provides different functions
such as testing the alarm, silencing the alarm, re-testing the alarm
when in silence and clearing the Latching feature.
Latching Alarm Indicator easily identifies initiating alarm even after the
alarm condition has subsided.
Model SC9120B
Input: 120V AC
60 Hz, 0.09A
~
Perfect Mount System includes a gasketless base for easy installation
and a new mounting bracket that keeps the alarm secure over a wide
rotation range to allow for perfect alignment.
Dust Cover is included to keep the alarm clean during construction.
Easy Installation/Maintenance features include a large opening in
the mounting bracket for easy access to wiring. A battery pull tab that
keeps the battery fresh until the home is occupied. A Side Load Battery
Drawer allows for easy battery replacement without removing the alarm
from the ceiling or wall.
IMPORTANT! PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE
This user’s manual contains important information about your Alarm’s
operation. If you are installing the Alarm for use by others, you must leave
this manual — or a copy of it — with the end user.
Improved UV Resistance keeps the alarm from discoloring over time.
LISTED TO
Printed in Mexico
M08-0094-006 K1 08/08
UL 217 and
UL 2034
STANDARDS
All BRK® and First Alert® Smoke Alarms conform to regulatory
requirements, including UL217 and are designed to detect particles
of combustion. Smoke particles of varying number and size are
produced in all fires.
Model
SC9120B
Ionization technology is generally more sensitive than photoelectric technology at detecting small particles, which tend to be
produced in greater amounts by flaming fires, which consume
combustible materials rapidly and spread quickly. Sources of these
fires may include paper burning in a wastebasket, or a grease fire in
the kitchen.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Fire Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
Where To Install This Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Where This Alarm Should Not Be Installed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Before You Begin Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
How To Install This Smoke/CO Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Using the Optional Locking Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
How Your Smoke/CO Alarm Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Understanding the Light and Horn Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
If Your Smoke/CO Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
What To Do First–Identify the Type of Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
What To Do if CO is Detected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
What To Do if Smoke is Detected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
“Smart Interconnect” Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Using the Silence Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
The “Latching Alarm” Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
What You Need To Know About CO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
What is CO? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Symptoms of CO Poisoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Finding the Source of CO After an Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Potential Sources of CO in the Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
How Can I Protect My Family From CO Poisoning? . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Regulatory Information For Smoke/CO Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-9
Regulatory Information for CO Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Regulatory Information for Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
About Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Special Compliance Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
General Limitations Of Smoke/CO Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Photoelectric technology is generally more sensitive than ionization
technology at detecting large particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by smoldering fires, which may smolder for
hours before bursting into flame. Sources of these fires may include
cigarettes burning in couches or bedding.
For maximum protection, use both types of Smoke Alarms on
each level and in every bedroom of your home.
FIRE SAFETY TIPS
Follow safety rules and prevent hazardous situations: 1) Use smoking
materials properly. Never smoke in bed. 2) Keep matches or lighters
away from children; 3) Store flammable materials in proper containers;
4) Keep electrical appliances in good condition and don’t overload electrical circuits; 5) Keep stoves, barbecue grills, fireplaces and chimneys
grease- and debris-free; 6) Never leave anything cooking on the stove
unattended; 7) Keep portable heaters and open flames, like candles,
away from flammable materials; 8) Don’t let rubbish accumulate.
Keep alarms clean, and test them weekly. Replace alarms immediately
if they are not working properly. Smoke Alarms that do not work cannot
alert you to a fire. Keep at least one working fire extinguisher on every
floor, and an additional one in the kitchen. Have fire escape ladders or
other reliable means of escape from an upper floor in case stairs are
blocked.
BASIC SAFETY INFORMATION
• Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions alert you to important
operating instructions or to potentially hazardous situations.
Pay special attention to these items.
• This Smoke/CO Alarm is approved for use in single-family
residences. It is NOT designed for marine or RV use.
• This combination Smoke/Carbon Monoxide Alarm has two
separate alarms. The CO Alarm is not designed to detect fire
or any other gas. It will only indicate the presence of carbon
monoxide gas at the sensor. Carbon monoxide gas may be
present in other areas. The Smoke Alarm will only indicate the
presence of smoke that reaches the sensor. The Smoke Alarm
is not designed to sense gas, heat or flames.
© 2008 BRK Brands, Inc. All rights reserved.
Distributed by BRK Brands, Inc.
3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005
www.brkelectronics.com • www.firstalert.com
Continued...
1
BASIC SAFETY INFORMATION, Continued
Recommended Placement
SUGGESTED AREAS FOR INSTALLING
SMOKE ALARMS, CO ALARMS, AND COMBO UNITS
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area
where the Smoke/CO Alarm is installed before removing it from
the mounting bracket. Failure to turn off the power first may
result in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
KEY:
SMOKE ALARMS
SMOKE ALARM WITH
SILENCE FEATURE
•
•
•
•
•
This unit will not alert hearing impaired residents. It is
recommended that you install special units which use devices
like flashing strobe lights to alert hearing impaired residents.
Installation of this unit must conform to the electrical codes
in your area; Articles 210 and 300.3 (B) of NFPA 70 (NEC),
NFPA 72, NFPA 101; ICC; SBC (SBCCI); UBC (ICBO);
NBC (BOCA); OTFDC (CABO), and any other local or building
codes that may apply. Wiring and installation must be
performed by a licensed electrician. Failure to follow these
guidelines may result in injury or property damage.
This unit must be powered by a 24-hour, 120V AC pure sine
wave 60 Hz circuit. Be sure the circuit cannot be turned off
by a switch, dimmer, or ground fault circuit interrupter.
Failure to connect this unit to a 24-hour circuit may prevent it
from providing constant protection. Unit may be connected to
an arc fault circuit interrupter.
This Smoke/CO Alarm must have AC or battery power to
operate. If AC power fails and the battery is dead or missing,
the alarm cannot operate.
Never disconnect the power from an AC powered unit to
stop an unwanted alarm. Doing so will disable the unit and
remove your protection. In the case of a true unwanted
alarm, use the Silence Feature (if equipped), open a window
or fan the smoke away from the unit. The alarm will reset
automatically when it returns to normal operation. Never
remove the batteries from a battery operated unit to stop an
unwanted alarm (caused by cooking smoke, etc.). Instead
open a window or fan the smoke away from the unit. The
alarm will reset automatically.
CO ALARMS
BOTH, OR COMBINATION
SMOKE/CO ALARMS
Suggested locations are based on
NFPA recommendations (NFPA 72
for Smoke Alarms and NFPA 720 for
Carbon Monoxide Alarms). Always
refer to national and local codes
before beginning any installation.
In new construction AC and AC/DC smoke alarms MUST
be interconnected to meet NFPA recommendations.
•
When installing on the wall, the top edge of Smoke Alarms should
be placed between 4 inches (102 mm) and 12 inches (305 mm)
from the wall/ceiling line.
• When installing on the ceiling, place the alarm as close to the
center as possible.
• In either case, install at least 4 inches (102 mm) from where the
wall and ceiling meet. See “Avoiding Dead Air Spaces” for more
information.
NOTE: For any location, make sure no door or other obstruction could
keep carbon monoxide or smoke from reaching the Alarm.
Installing Smoke/CO Alarms in Mobile Homes
For minimum security install one Smoke/CO Alarm as close to each
sleeping area as possible. For more security, put one unit in each room.
Many older mobile homes (especially those built before 1978) have little
or no insulation. If your mobile home is not well insulated, or if you are
unsure of the amount of insulation, it is important to install units on
inside walls only.
WHERE THIS ALARM SHOULD NOT BE INSTALLED
•
•
•
•
Connect this unit ONLY to other compatible units. See “How
To Install This Smoke/CO Alarm” for details. Do not connect
it to any other type of alarm or auxiliary device. Connecting
anything else to this unit may damage it or prevent it from
operating properly.
The battery compartment resists closing unless a battery is
installed. This warns you the unit will not operate under DC
power without a battery.
Do not stand too close to the unit when the alarm is sounding.
It is loud to wake you in an emergency. Exposure to the horn
at close range may harm your hearing.
Do not paint over the unit. Paint may clog the openings to the
sensing chambers and prevent the unit from operating properly.
Do NOT locate this Smoke/CO Alarm:
• In garages, kitchens, furnace rooms, crawl spaces and unfinished
attics. Avoid extremely dusty, dirty or greasy areas.
• Where combustion particles are produced. Combustion particles
form when something burns. Areas to avoid include poorly ventilated
kitchens, garages, and furnace rooms. Keep units at least 20 feet
(6 meters) from the sources of combustion particles (stove, furnace,
water heater, space heater) if possible. In areas where a 20-foot
(6 meter) distance is not possible – in modular, mobile, or smaller
homes, for example – it is recommended the Smoke/CO Alarm be
placed as far from these fuel-burning sources as possible. The
placement recommendations are intended to keep these Alarms at
a reasonable distance from a fuel-burning source, and thus reduce
“unwanted” alarms. Unwanted alarms can occur if a Smoke/CO
Alarm is placed directly next to a fuel-burning source. Ventilate
these areas as much as possible.
• Within 5 feet (1.5 meters) of any cooking appliance. In air streams
near kitchens. Air currents can draw cooking smoke into the smoke
sensor and cause unwanted alarms.
• In extremely humid areas. This Alarm should be at least 10 feet
(3 meters) from a shower, sauna, humidifier, vaporizer, dishwasher,
laundry room, utility room, or other source of high humidity.
• In direct sunlight.
• In turbulent air, like near ceiling fans or open windows. Blowing air
may prevent CO or smoke from reaching the sensors.
• In areas where temperature is colder than 40˚ F (4˚ C) or hotter than
100˚ F (38˚C). These areas include non-airconditioned crawl spaces,
unfinished attics, uninsulated or poorly insulated ceilings, porches,
and garages.
• In insect infested areas. Insects can clog the openings to the
sensing chamber.
• Less than 12 inches (305 mm) away from fluorescent lights.
Electrical “noise” can interfere with the sensor.
• In “dead air” spaces. See “Avoiding Dead Air Spaces”.
INSTALLATION
WHERE TO INSTALL THIS ALARM
Minimum coverage for Smoke Alarms, as recommended by the
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), is one Smoke Alarm on
every floor, in every sleeping area, and in every bedroom (See
“Regulatory Information For Smoke Alarms” for details on the NFPA
recommendations).
For CO Alarms, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
recommends that a CO Alarm should be centrally located outside of
each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms.
For added protection, install additional CO Alarms in each separate
bedroom, and on every level of your home.
In general, install combination Smoke and Carbon Monoxide
Alarms:
• On every level of your home, including finished attics and basements.
• Inside every bedroom, especially if people sleep with the door partly
or completely closed.
• In the hall near every sleeping area. If your home has multiple
sleeping areas, install a unit in each. If a hall is more than 40 feet
(12 meters) long, install a unit at each end.
• At the top of first-to-second floor stairs.
• At the bottom of the basement stairs.
• For additional coverage, install Alarms in all rooms, halls, and storage
areas, where temperatures normally remain between 40˚ F and
100˚ F (4˚ C and 38˚ C).
AVOIDING DEAD AIR SPACES
“Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the Smoke/CO
Alarm. To avoid dead air spaces, follow installation recommendations
below.
On ceilings, install Smoke/CO Alarms as close to the center of the
ceiling as possible. If this is not possible, install the Smoke/CO Alarm
at least 4 inches (102 mm) from the wall or corner.
For wall mounting (if allowed by building codes), the top edge of
Smoke/CO Alarms should be placed between 4 inches (102 mm) and
12 inches (305 mm) from the wall/ceiling line.
On a peaked, gabled, or cathedral ceiling, install the first Smoke/CO
Alarm within 3 feet (0.9 meters) of the peak of the ceiling, measured
horizontally. Additional Smoke/CO Alarms may be required depending
on the length, angle, etc. of the ceiling's slope. Refer to NFPA 72 for
details on requirements for sloped or peaked ceilings.
Continued...
2
INSTALLATION, Continued
BEFORE YOU BEGIN INSTALLATION
STAND ALONE ALARM ONLY:
• Connect the white wire on the power connector to the neutral
wire in the junction box.
• Connect the black wire on the power connector to the hot wire
in the junction box.
• Tuck the orange wire inside the junction box. It is used for
interconnect only.
This unit is designed to be mounted on any standard wiring junction
box up to a 4-inch (10 cm) size, on either the ceiling or wall. Read
“Where to Install This Alarm” and “Where This Alarm Should Not Be
Installed ” before you begin installation.
• Make sure the alarm is not receiving excessively noisy power.
Examples of noisy power could be major appliances on the
same circuit, power from a generator or solar power, light dimmer on the same circuit or mounted near fluorescent lighting.
Excessively noisy power may cause damage to your Alarm.
INTERCONNECTED ALARMS ONLY:
Strip off about 1/2” of the plastic coating on the orange
interconnect wire on the power connector.
• Connect the white wire on the power connector to the neutral
wire (usually white) in the junction box.
• Connect the black wire on the power connector to the hot wire
(usually black) in the junction box.
• Connect the orange wire on the power connector to the interconnect wire in the junction box. Repeat for each unit you are
interconnecting. Never connect the hot or neutral wires in the
junction box to the orange interconnect wire. Never cross hot
and neutral wires between interconnected Alarms.
Find the pair of self-adhesive labels included with this Smoke/CO Alarm.
• On each label write in the phone number of your emergency
responder (like 911) and a qualified appliance technician.
• Place one label near the Smoke/CO Alarm, and the other label in
the “fresh air” location you plan to go if the alarm sounds.
NOTE: A qualified appliance technician is defined as “a person, firm,
corporation, or company that either in person or through a representative, is engaged in and responsible for the installation, testing, servicing,
or replacement of heating, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC) equipment,
combustion appliances and equipment, and/or gas fireplaces or other
decorative combustion equipment.”
3. Plug the power connector into the back of the Smoke/CO Alarm.
4. Position the base of the Smoke/CO Alarm over the mounting bracket
and turn. The Alarm will remain secure over a wide rotation range to
allow for perfect alignment. When wall mounting, this will allow finetuning on the positioning to compensate for out of aligned wall studs
and to keep the wording level. The Alarm can be positioned over the
bracket every 120°. Rotate the Alarm until aligned properly.
5. Check all connections.
PARTS OF THIS SMOKE/CO ALARM
1
3
2
2
3
Mounting Bracket
2
Mounting Slot and Screw*
3
Locking Pins (break out of
bracket)
4
Hot (Black) AC Wire
5
Neutral (White) AC Wire
6
Interconnect Wire (Orange)
7
Lever to Open Battery
Compartment
8
Swing-Out Battery
Compartment
9
Quick-Connect Power
STAND ALONE ALARM ONLY:
• If you are only installing one unit, restore power to the junction box.
INTERCONNECTED ALARMS ONLY:
• If you are interconnecting multiple Smoke/CO Alarms, repeat
Step 1-5 for each Smoke/CO Alarm in the series. When you are
finished, restore power to the junction box.
6
4
7
1
5
8
9
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Do not restore power until all
Alarms are completely installed. Restoring power before installation
is complete may result in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
*Not Included
6. Make sure the Smoke/CO Alarm is receiving AC power. Under normal
operation, the green indicator light will shine continuously. If the green
power indicator light does not light, TURN OFF POWER TO THE
JUNCTION BOX and recheck all connections. If all connections are
correct and the green power indicator still does not light when you
restore the power, the unit should be replaced immediately.
HOW TO INSTALL THIS SMOKE/CO ALARM
Tools you will need: Standard Flathead screwdriver, wire strippers.
7. ACTIVATING THE BATTERY BACK-UP
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off power to the area where you
will install this unit at the circuit breaker or fuse box before beginning
installation. Failure to turn off the power before installation may
result in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
Activate the battery back-up by removing the “Pull to Activate
Battery Back-Up” tab. You do not need to open the battery
compartment and reposition the battery during installation. DO NOT
remove the battery activation tab until AC power is turned on to
conserve battery power.
To install this unit:
1. Remove the mounting bracket from the base. Position the screw
slots on the mounting bracket over the screws in the junction box.
Tighten the screws.
8. Single Station Alarms: Test each Alarm. Press and hold the
Test/Silence button until you hear the acknowledge “chirp” or the
unit alarms.
Interconnected Alarms: Press and hold the Test/Silence button
until the unit alarms. All interconnected Alarms should sound. The
other Alarms sounding only tests the interconnect signal between
Alarms. It does not test each Alarm’s operation. You must test each
Alarm individually to check if the Alarm is functioning properly.
Improper wiring of the power connector or the wiring leading to
the power connector will cause damage to the Alarm and may lead
to a non-functioning Alarm.
2. Using wire nuts, connect the power connector to the AC power.
If any unit in the series does not alarm during testing, TURN OFF POWER,
REMOVE BATTERIES, and recheck connections. If it does not alarm when
you restore power, replace it immediately.
3
INSTALLATION, Continued
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERCONNECTED ALARMS
• Failure to meet any of the above requirements could damage
the units and cause them to malfunction, removing your
protection.
• AC and AC/DC Smoke/CO Alarms can be interconnected.
Under AC power, all units will alarm when one senses smoke
or CO. When power is interrupted, only the AC/DC units in
the series will continue to send and receive signals.
AC powered Smoke/CO Alarms will not operate. See “Smart
Interconnect” Feature.
Interconnected units can provide earlier warning of a Smoke/CO problem
than stand-alone units, especially if the problem starts in a remote area of
the dwelling. If any unit in the series senses Smoke/CO, all units will alarm.
To determine which Smoke/CO Alarm initiated an alarm, refer to the table.
During an Alarm:
On Initiating Alarm(s) – Red LED(s) flashes (flash) rapidly
On All Other Alarms – Red LED is Off
After an Alarm (Latching):
On Initiating Alarm(s) – Green LED(s) On, Red LED(s) flash once every 5 seconds
On All Other Alarms – Green LED(s) On, Red LED(s) is Off
Compatible Interconnected Units
Interconnect units within a single family residence only. Otherwise all
households will experience unwanted alarms when you test any unit in the
series. Interconnected units will only work if they are wired to compatible
units and all requirements are met. This unit is designed to be compatible
with: BRK Electronics® Smoke Alarm Models 9120, 9120B, 7010, 7010B,
7020B, 4120, 4120B, 4120SB, 4919, 2002RAC, 100S, 5919, 5919TH;
BRK Electronics® Heat Alarm Models HD6135F, HD6135FB; BRK
Electronics® CO Alarm Models CO5120BN, CO5120PDBN; Smoke/CO
Alarm Model SC6120B, SC9120B; and First Alert® Smoke Alarm Models
SA4120, SA4120B, SA4121B, SA4919B, SA100B, SC7010B, SC7010BV;
Accessory devices models RM3, RM4, SL177.
Interconnected units must meet ALL of the following requirements:
• A maximum of 18 compatible BRK Electronics® Smoke, Heat or CO
Alarms may be interconnected. No more than 12 of the 18 can be
Smoke Alarms per NFPA 72.
• The same fuse or circuit breaker must power all interconnected units.
• The total length of wire interconnecting the units should be less
than 1000 feet (300 meters). This type of wire is commonly available
at Hardware and Electrical Supply stores.
• All wiring must conform to all local electrical codes and NFPA 70 of
the National Electrical Code. Refer to NFPA 72, NFPA 101, and/or
your local building code for further connection requirements.
6
7
8
}
A
5
4
3
2
1
B
5
4
3
1
A. Unswitched 120VAC
60 Hz source
1. Smoke/CO Alarm
2. Ceiling or Wall
3. Power Connector
}
B. To Additional Alarms,
Maximum = 18 Alarms
4. Wire Nut
5. Junction Box
6. Neutral Wire (White)
4
7. Interconnect Wire
(Orange)
8. Hot Wire (Black)
USING THE OPTIONAL LOCKING FEATURES
The optional locking features are designed to discourage unauthorized
removal of the battery or alarm. It is not necessary to activate the locks
in single-family households where unauthorized battery or alarm
removal is not a concern.
These Smoke/CO Alarms have two separate locking features: one locks
the battery compartment, and the other locks the Smoke/CO Alarm to the
mounting bracket. You can choose to use either feature independently, or
use them both.
Tools you will need: • Needle-nose pliers or utility knife
• Standard/Flathead screwdriver.
Battery Drawer Lock
Locking Pin
Mounting Bracket Lock
Both locking features use locking pins, molded into the mounting bracket. Using needle nose pliers or a utility knife, remove one or both pins, depending on
which locking features you use.
THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT LOCK
TO LOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT:
TO UNLOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT:
Do not lock the battery compartment until you have activated the battery
and tested the battery back-up.
Once the Smoke/CO Alarm is installed, you must disconnect it from the AC
power before unlocking the battery compartment.
1. Activate the battery back-up by removing
the “Pull to Activate Battery Back-Up”
tab. Push and hold the test button on the
Smoke/CO Alarm’s cover until the alarm
sounds: 4 beeps, pause, 4 beeps, pause,
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where
the Smoke/CO Alarm is installed before removing it from the mounting
bracket. Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious electrical
shock, injury or death.
1. Remove the Smoke/CO Alarm from the mounting bracket. If the unit is
locked to the bracket, see the section “To Deactivate the Locking
Feature.”
If the unit does not alarm during
testing, DO NOT lock the battery
compartment! Install a new battery
and test again. If it still does not
alarm, replace the Smoke/CO
Alarm immediately.
2. Disconnect the power connector by gently prying it away from the back
of the Smoke/CO Alarm.
3. Insert a flathead screwdriver under the head of the
locking pin, and gently pry it out of the battery
compartment lock. (If you plan to re-lock the
battery compartment, save the locking pin.)
2. Using needle-nose pliers or a utility
knife, detach one locking pin from
the mounting bracket.
4. To re-lock the battery compartment, close the
battery door and reinsert the locking pin in the
lock.
3. Push the locking pin through the
black dot on the label on the back
of the Smoke/CO Alarm.
5. Reconnect the power connector to the back of the Smoke/CO Alarm,
reattach the Smoke/CO Alarm to the mounting bracket, and restore the
power.
When replacing the battery, always test the Smoke/CO Alarm before
re-locking the battery compartment.
THE MOUNTING BRACKET LOCK
TO ACTIVATE THE BRACKET LOCK:
1. Using needle-nose pliers, detach one locking pin from the mounting
bracket.
TO DEACTIVATE THE BRACKET LOCK:
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area
where the Smoke/CO Alarm is installed before removing it from the
mounting bracket. Failure to turn off the power first may result in
serious electrical shock, injury or death.
2. Insert the locking pin into the lock located on the base as shown in
the diagram.
3. When you attach the Smoke/CO Alarm to the mounting bracket,
the locking pin’s head will fit into a notch on the bracket.
Always discharge the branch circuit before servicing an AC or
AC/DC Smoke/CO Alarm. First, turn off the AC power at the circuit
breaker or fuse box. Next, remove the battery from Smoke/CO
Alarms with battery back-up. Finally, press and hold the test button.
1. Insert a flathead screwdriver between the mounting bracket pin and
the mounting bracket.
2. Pry the Smoke/CO Alarm away from the bracket by turning both
the screwdriver and the Smoke/CO Alarm counterclockwise (left)
at the same time.
TO PERMANENTLY REMOVE
THE BRACKET LOCK:
Insert the flathead screwdriver
between the locking pin and the
lock, and pry the pin out of the
lock.
5
HOW YOUR SMOKE/CO ALARM WORKS
WHAT TO DO IF CARBON MONOXIDE IS DETECTED
THE COVER OF YOUR SMOKE/CO ALARM
“ALARM-MOVE TO FRESH AIR”
If you hear the alarm horn sound 4 beeps, pause,
4 beeps, pause, and the RED CO light is flashing,
move everyone to a source of fresh air.
1. Test/Silence Button: Press
and hold to activate test,
or to silence the alarm.
2. POWER Light (GREEN)/
SMOKE ALARM Light (RED)
3. CO ALARM Light (RED)
Actuation of your CO Alarm indicates the presence of carbon
monoxide (CO) which can kill you. In other words, when your CO
Alarm sounds, you must not ignore it!
4. Battery Drawer
5. (Behind the Cover) Alarm
Horn: 85dB audible alarm
for test, alarm, and unit
malfunction warning.
IF THE CO ALARM SOUNDS:
1. Operate the Test/Silence button.
2. Call your emergency services, fire department or 911. Write down
the number of your local emergency service here:
UNDERSTANDING THE LIGHT
AND HORN PATTERNS
_____________________________________________________________
Condition
LED (Red or Green
Lights)
Horn
POWER UP
Green LED
flashes ON
once, then
shines continuously
Horn remains silent
DURING TESTING
Smoke & CO
Red LEDs flash
once every
second during
their respective
repetitive horn
patterns
Horn pattern:
(Smoke) 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps,
pause;
(CO) 4 beeps, pause,
4 beeps, pause
LOW OR MISSING
BATTERY
Green LED
flashes
(with horn)
Horn “chirps”
about once a
minute
ALARM CONDITION
Smoke or CO
Interconnected Series Red LED
of Smoke/CO Alarms flashes rapidly
on the unit that
triggered the alarm.
LEDs on the
other alarms in
an interconnected
series will not flash.
3. Immediately move to fresh air—outdoors or by an open door or
window. Do a head count to check that all persons are accounted
for. Do not re-enter the premises, or move away from the open door
or window until the emergency services responder has arrived, the
premises have been aired out, and your Smoke/CO Alarm remains
in its normal condition.
4. After following steps 1-3, if your Smoke/CO Alarm reactivates within
a 24-hour period, repeat steps 1-3 and call a qualified appliance
technician to investigate for sources of CO from fuel-burning
equipment and appliances, and inspect for proper operation of
this equipment. If problems are identified during this inspection
have the equipment serviced immediately. Note any combustion
equipment not inspected by the technician, and consult the
manufacturers’ instructions, or contact the manufacturers directly,
for more information about CO safety and this equipment. Make
sure that motor vehicles are not, and have not, been operating in
an attached garage or adjacent to the residence. Write down the
number of a qualified appliance technician here:
_____________________________________________________________
Horn pattern:
(CO) 4 beeps,
pause, 4 beeps,
pause repeating
on all CO Alarms and
“Smart Interconnect”
Alarms;
(Smoke) 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps,
pause repeating on all
Smoke, Heat, and
“Smart Interconnect”
Alarms
IN ALARM SILENCE
MODE
Red Smoke or CO
LED flashes
once every
second on
initiating unit
“LATCHING” ALARM
INDICATOR
Red Smoke
Horn remains silent
and/or CO
LED flashes
once every 5 seconds
MALFUNCTION
Green LED flashes 3
times synchronized with 3
rapid chirps
WHAT TO DO IF SMOKE IS DETECTED
If you hear the alarm horn sound 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps,
pause and the RED SMOKE light is flashing, smoke has
been detected. Evacuate everyone from the building.
• If the unit alarms and you are not testing the unit, it is warning
you of a potentially dangerous situation that requires your
immediate attention. NEVER ignore any alarm. Ignoring the
alarm may result in injury or death.
• Never disconnect the AC power to quiet an unwanted alarm.
Disconnecting the power disables the Alarm so it cannot
sense smoke. This will remove your protection. Instead, open
a window or fan the smoke away from the unit. The Alarm will
reset automatically.
• If the unit alarms get everyone out of the house immediately.
Horn remains silent:
CO for 4 minutes;
Smoke for up
to 15 minutes.
Horn will sound
if Smoke or CO
levels increase.
• ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD: Attempting to disconnect the
power connector from the unit when the power is on may result
in electrical shock, serious injury or death.
Horn sounds 3
consecutive
rapid chirps
every minute
When an interconnected system of AC powered units is in alarm,
the alarm indicator light on the unit(s) that initiated the alarm will blink
rapidly. It will remain OFF on any remaining units.
If the unit alarms, get everyone out of the dwelling immediately.
If the unit alarms and you are certain that the source of smoke is not a
fire—cooking smoke or an extremely dusty furnace, for example—open a
nearby window or door and fan the smoke away from the unit. Use the
Silence Feature to silence the Alarm. This will silence the alarm, and
once the smoke clears the unit will reset itself automatically.
IF YOUR SMOKE/CO ALARM SOUNDS
WHAT TO DO FIRST–IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF ALARM
Type of Alarm
What You See and Hear
Carbon Monoxide
(CO)
CO Light:
Flashing RED
Horn: 4 beeps,
pause, 4 beeps,
pause
Smoke
Smoke Light:
Flashing RED
Horn: 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps,
pause
6
WEEKLY TESTING
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Don’t panic; stay calm. Follow your family escape plan.
Get out of the house as quickly as possible. Don’t stop to get
dressed or collect anything.
Feel doors with the back of your hand before opening them.
If a door is cool, open it slowly. Don’t open a hot door. Keep doors
and windows closed, unless you must escape through them.
Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth (preferably damp).
Take short, shallow breaths.
Meet at your planned meeting place outside your home,
and do a head count to make sure everybody got out safely.
Call the Fire Department as soon as possible from outside.
Give your address, then your name.
Never go back inside a burning building for any reason.
Contact your Fire Department for ideas on making your home safer.
• NEVER use an open flame of any kind to test this unit. You
might accidentally damage or set fire to the unit or to your
home. The built-in test switch accurately tests the unit’s
operation as required by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
(UL). NEVER use vehicle exhaust! Exhaust may cause permanent damage and voids your warranty.
• DO NOT stand close to the Alarm when the horn is sounding.
Exposure at close range may be harmful to your hearing.
When testing, step away when horn starts sounding.
It is important to test this unit every week to make sure it is working
properly. Using the test button is the recommended way to test this
Smoke/CO Alarm.
1. Push and hold the Test/Silence button on the cover until you hear a
“chirp.” The “chirp” marks the start of the self-test sequence.
2. During testing, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps, pause, while the red smoke LED flashes. Then you
will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 4 beeps, pause, 4 beeps,
pause, while the red CO LED flashes.
3. When testing a series of interconnected units you must test each
unit individually. Make sure all units alarm when each one is tested.
Alarms have various limitations. See "General Limitations of
Smoke/CO Alarms" for details.
“SMART INTERCONNECT” FEATURE
This Alarm includes "Smart Interconnect" which enables the Alarm to be
interconnected with other BRK Smoke, Heat, and "Smart Interconnect"
CO Alarms. When smoke is detected, all Alarms will sound the smoke
horn pattern. When CO is detected, "Smart Interconnect" Alarms will
sound the CO horn pattern. Alarms that do not have the "Smart
Interconnect" Feature will remain silent during a CO alarm.
If the Smoke/CO Alarm does not test properly:
1. Make sure the AC power is applied and battery is fresh and
installed correctly.
2. Be sure the alarm is clean and dust-free.
3. Test the unit again.
If the Smoke/CO Alarm is still not working properly, replace it immediately.
Refer to the “Limited Warranty” at the end of this manual.
USING THE SILENCE FEATURE
NEVER disconnect the power to your Smoke/CO Alarm to silence the
horn—use the Silence Feature. Disconnecting the Smoke/CO Alarm
removes your protection! If the unit will not silence or if it stays in
silence mode continuously, it should be replaced immediately.
• The Silence Feature is intended to temporarily silence the horn
while you identify and correct the problem. Do not use the
Silence Feature in emergency situations. It will not correct a CO
problem or extinguish a fire.
• To use the Silence Feature, press the Test/Silence button until
you hear the acknowledge “chirp” or until the horn is silent.
• If the Test/Silence button is pressed while the Smoke/CO Alarm
is in the silence mode, the alarm will start sounding again.
To silence Alarms in an interconnected series:
To silence an interconnected series of Smoke/CO Alarms, you must
press the Test/Silence button on the initiating alarm (The unit with the
flashing red light; the red light will be off on all other Alarms.). If you
press the Test/Silence on any other Alarm, it will only silence that unit,
not the whole interconnected series.
If there is still a problem, do not try to fix the Alarm yourself.
This will void your warranty!
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
Use only the replacement batteries listed below. The unit may not
operate properly with other batteries. Never use rechargeable
batteries since they may not provide a constant charge.
This unit has been designed to be as maintenance-free as possible, but
there are a few simple things you must do to keep it working properly:
•
•
WHEN THE SMOKE ALARM IS SILENCED...
The Smoke Alarm will remain silent for up to 15 minutes and then return
to normal operation. If the smoke has not cleared within the silence
period or if smoke increases to a critical level during the silence period,
the unit will go back into alarm.
•
Use the Silence Feature only if you are certain of the source of
smoke. If you are not certain of the source or a fire starts while
you are clearing smoke, evacuate the house immediately. Not
responding to an alarm can result in property loss, injury, or death.
•
•
WHEN THE CO ALARM IS SILENCED...
The CO Alarm will remain silent for 4 minutes. While the Alarm is
silenced, it will continue to monitor the air for CO. After 4 minutes, if CO
levels remain potentially dangerous the horn will start sounding again.
Test it at least once a week.
Clean the Smoke/CO Alarm at least once a month; gently vacuum
the outside of the Smoke/CO Alarm using your household vacuum’s
soft brush attachment. Test the Smoke/CO Alarm. Never use water,
cleaners or solvents since they may damage the unit.
If the Smoke/CO Alarm becomes contaminated by excessive dirt,
dust and/or grime, and cannot be cleaned to avoid unwanted
alarms, replace the unit immediately.
Relocate the unit if it sounds frequent unwanted alarms. See “Where
This Alarm Should Not Be Installed” for details.
When the battery back-up becomes weak, the Alarm will “chirp”
about once a minute (the low battery warning). This warning should
last 7 days, but you should replace the battery immediately to
continue your protection. This Alarm must have AC or battery
power to operate. If AC power fails, and the battery is dead
or missing, the Alarm cannot operate.
DO NOT spray cleaning chemicals or insect sprays directly on or near
the Alarm. DO NOT paint over the Alarm. Doing so may permanently
damage the Alarm.
The Silence Feature is intended to temporarily silence the Alarm horn.
It will not correct a CO problem.
LOW BATTERY SILENCE FEATURE
This Silence Feature can temporarily quiet the low battery warning
“chirp” for up to 8 hours if AC power is present. Press the Test/Silence
button on the Alarm cover until you hear the acknowledge “chirp”.
Once the low battery warning “chirp” silence feature is activated, the
unit continues to flash the green light once a minute for 8 hours. After
8 hours, the low battery “chirp” will resume. The Alarm will continue to
operate as long as AC power is supplied. However, replace the battery
as soon as possible, to maintain protection in event of a power outage.
CHOOSING A REPLACEMENT BATTERY:
Your Smoke/CO Alarm requires one standard 9V battery. The following
batteries are acceptable as replacements: Duracell #MN1604, (Ultra)
#MX1604; Eveready (Energizer) #522. These batteries are available
at many local retail stores.
Actual battery service life depends on the Smoke/CO Alarm and the
environment in which it is installed. All the batteries specified above
are acceptable replacement batteries for this unit. Regardless of the
manufacturer’s suggested battery life, you MUST replace the battery
immediately once the unit starts “chirping” (the “low battery warning”).
THE “LATCHING ALARM” INDICATOR:
The Latching Alarm Indicator is activated after an Alarm is exposed
to alarm levels of smoke or carbon monoxide. This feature will only
work with AC power. After smoke or CO levels drop below alarm levels,
the red smoke or CO LED will begin to flash once every 5 seconds.
It will continue to flash or “latch” until you clear it by testing the alarm.
This feature helps emergency responders, investigators, or service
technicians identify which unit(s) in your home were exposed to alarm
levels of smoke or carbon monoxide. This can help investigators
pinpoint the source of smoke or CO.
Interconnected Alarms. Latching Alarm Indicator shows which Alarm(s)
in the series were exposed to alarm levels of smoke or carbon monoxide.
The Latching Alarm Indicator stays ON until you clear it, so it can alert
you to an alarm that occurred while you were away from home, even
though smoke or CO present in the air has dropped below alarm levels.
7
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CO
HOW CAN I PROTECT MY FAMILY FROM CO
POISONING?
WHAT IS CO?
A CO Alarm is an excellent means of protection. It monitors the air
and sounds a loud alarm before Carbon Monoxide levels become
threatening for average, healthy adults.
CO is an invisible, odorless, tasteless gas produced when fossil fuels
do not burn completely, or are exposed to heat (usually fire). Electrical
appliances typically do not produce CO.
These fuels include: Wood, coal, charcoal, oil, natural gas, gasoline,
kerosene, and propane.
Common appliances are often sources of CO. If they are not properly
maintained, are improperly ventilated, or malfunction, CO levels can rise
quickly. CO is a real danger now that homes are more energy efficient.
“Air-tight” homes with added insulation, sealed windows, and other
weatherproofing can “trap” CO inside.
A CO Alarm is not a substitute for proper maintenance of home
appliances.
To help prevent CO problems and reduce the risk of CO poisoning:
• Clean chimneys and flues yearly. Keep them free of debris, leaves,
and nests for proper air flow. Also, have a professional check for
rust and corrosion, cracks, or separations. These conditions can
prevent proper air movement and cause backdrafting. Never “cap”
or cover a chimney in any way that would block air flow.
• Test and maintain all fuel-burning equipment annually. Many local
gas or oil companies and HVAC companies offer appliance
inspections for a nominal fee.
• Make regular visual inspections of all fuel-burning appliances.
Check appliances for excessive rust and scaling. Also check the
flame on the burner and pilot lights. The flame should be blue.
A yellow flame means fuel is not being burned completely and
CO may be present. Keep the blower door on the furnace closed.
Use vents or fans when they are available on all fuel-burning
appliances. Make sure appliances are vented to the outside. Do
not grill or barbecue indoors, or in garages or on screen porches.
• Check for exhaust backflow from CO sources. Check the draft
hood on an operating furnace for a backdraft. Look for cracks on
furnace heat exchangers.
• Check the house or garage on the other side of shared wall.
• Keep windows and doors open slightly. If you suspect that CO
is escaping into your home, open a window or a door. Opening
windows and doors can significantly decrease CO levels.
SYMPTOMS OF CO POISONING
These symptoms are related to CO POISONING and should be
discussed with ALL household members.
Mild Exposure: Slight headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue (“flu-like”
symptoms).
Medium Exposure: Throbbing headache, drowsiness, confusion, fast
heart rate.
Extreme Exposure: Convulsions, unconsciousness, heart and lung
failure. Exposure to Carbon Monoxide can cause brain damage, death.
This CO Alarm measures exposure to CO over time. It alarms if CO
levels are extremely high in a short period of time, or if CO levels reach
a certain minimum over a long period of time. The CO Alarm generally
sounds an alarm before the onset of symptoms in average, healthy
adults.
Why is this important? Because you need to be warned of a potential
CO problem while you can still react in time. In many reported cases of
CO exposure, victims may be aware that they are not feeling well, but
become disoriented and can no longer react well enough to exit the
building or get help. Also, young children and pets may be the first
affected. The average healthy adult might not feel any symptoms when
the CO Alarm sounds. However, people with cardiac or respiratory
problems, infants, unborn babies, pregnant mothers, or elderly people
can be more quickly and severely affected by CO. If you experience
even mild symptoms of CO poisoning, consult your doctor immediately!
In addition, familiarize yourself with all enclosed materials. Read
this manual in its entirety, and make sure you understand what to
do if your CO Alarm sounds.
REGULATORY INFORMATION FOR
SMOKE/CO ALARMS
FINDING THE SOURCE OF CO AFTER AN ALARM
REGULATORY INFORMATION FOR CO ALARMS
Carbon monoxide is an odorless, invisible gas, which often makes it
difficult to locate the source of CO after an alarm. These are a few of
the factors that can make it difficult to locate sources of CO:
• House well ventilated before the investigator arrives.
• Problem caused by “backdrafting.”
• Transient CO problem caused by special circumstances.
Because CO may dissipate by the time an investigator arrives, it may
be difficult to locate the source of CO. BRK Brands, Inc. shall not be
obligated to pay for any carbon monoxide investigation or service
call.
WHAT LEVELS OF CO CAUSE AN ALARM?
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Standard UL2034 requires residential CO
Alarms to sound when exposed to levels of CO and exposure times as
described below. They are measured in parts per million (ppm) of CO
over time (in minutes).
UL2034 Required Alarm Points*:
• If the alarm is exposed to 400 ppm of CO, IT MUST ALARM
BETWEEN 4 and 15 MINUTES.
• If the alarm is exposed to 150 ppm of CO, IT MUST ALARM
BETWEEN 10 and 50 MINUTES.
• If the alarm is exposed to 70 ppm if CO, IT MUST ALARM
BETWEEN 60 and 240 MINUTES.
POTENTIAL SOURCES OF CO IN THE HOME
Fuel-burning appliances
like: portable heater,
gas or wood burning
fireplace, gas kitchen
range or cooktop, gas
clothes dryer.
* Approximately 10% COHb exposure at levels of 10% to 95% Relative
Humidity (RH).
The unit is designed not to alarm when exposed to a constant level
of 30 ppm for 30 days.
Damaged or insufficient
venting: corroded or
disconnected water
heater vent pipe, leaking
chimney pipe or flue, or
cracked heat exchanger,
blocked or clogged
chimney opening.
CO Alarms are designed to alarm before there is an immediate life threat.
Since you cannot see or smell CO, never assume it’s not present.
• An exposure to 100 ppm of CO for 20 minutes may not affect
average, healthy adults, but after 4 hours the same level may
cause headaches.
• An exposure to 400 ppm of CO may cause headaches in average,
healthy adults after 35 minutes, but can cause death after 2 hours.
Improper use of appliance/device: operating a barbecue grill or
vehicle in an enclosed area (like a garage or screened porch).
Standards: Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Single and Multiple Station
carbon monoxide alarms UL2034.
According to Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL2034, Section 1-1.2:
“Carbon monoxide alarms covered by these requirements are intended
to respond to the presence of carbon monoxide from sources such as,
but not limited to, exhaust from internal-combustion engines, abnormal
operation of fuel-fired appliances, and fireplaces. CO Alarms are
intended to alarm at carbon monoxide levels below those that could
cause a loss of ability to react to the dangers of Carbon Monoxide
exposure.” This CO Alarm monitors the air at the Alarm, and is
designed to alarm before CO levels become life threatening. This
allows you precious time to leave the house and correct the problem.
This is only possible if Alarms are located, installed, and maintained as
described in this manual.
Transient CO Problems: “transient” or on-again-off-again CO problems
can be caused by outdoor conditions and other special circumstances.
The following conditions can result in transient CO situations:
1. Excessive spillage or reverse venting of fuel appliances caused by
outdoor conditions such as:
• Wind direction and/or velocity, including high, gusty winds. Heavy
air in the vent pipes (cold/humid air with extended periods
between cycles).
• Negative pressure differential resulting from the use of exhaust
fans.
• Several appliances running at the same time competing for limited
fresh air.
• Vent pipe connections vibrating loose from clothes dryers,
furnaces, or water heaters.
• Obstructions in or unconventional vent pipe designs which can
amplify the above situations.
2. Extended operation of unvented fuel burning devices (range, oven,
fireplace).
3. Temperature inversions, which can trap exhaust close to the ground.
4. Car idling in an open or closed attached garage, or near a home.
These conditions are dangerous because they can trap exhaust in your
home. Since these conditions can come and go, they are also hard to
recreate during a CO investigation.
Gas Detection at Typical Temperature and Humidity Ranges: The CO
Alarm is not formulated to detect CO levels below 30 ppm typically.
Audible Alarm: 85dB minimum at 10 feet (3 meters).
8
REGULATORY INFORMATION FOR SMOKE ALARMS
ABOUT SMOKE ALARMS
RECOMMENDED LOCATIONS FOR SMOKE ALARMS
Installing Smoke Alarms in Single-Family Residences
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), recommends one
Smoke Alarm on every floor, in every sleeping area, and in every bedroom. In new construction, the Smoke Alarms must be AC powered and
interconnected. See “Agency Placement Recommendations” for details.
For additional coverage, it is recommended that you install a Smoke
Alarm in all rooms, halls, storage areas, finished attics, and basements,
where temperatures normally remain between 40˚ F (4˚ C) and 100˚ F
(38˚ C). Make sure no door or other obstruction could keep smoke from
reaching the Smoke Alarms.
More specifically, install Smoke Alarms:
• On every level of your home, including finished attics and basements.
• Inside every bedroom, especially if people sleep with the door partly
or completely closed.
• In the hall near every sleeping area. If your home has multiple
sleeping areas, install a unit in each. If a hall is more than 40 feet
long (12 meters), install a unit at each end.
• At the top of the first-to-second floor stairway, and at the bottom of
the basement stairway.
Battery (DC) operated Smoke Alarms: Provide protection even when
electricity fails, provided the batteries are fresh and correctly installed.
Units are easy to install, and do not require professional installation.
However, they do not provide interconnected functionality.
AC powered Smoke Alarms: Can be interconnected so if one unit
senses smoke, all units alarm. They do not operate if electricity fails.
AC with battery (DC) back-up: will operate if electricity fails, provided
the batteries are fresh and correctly installed. AC and AC/DC units
must be installed by a qualified electrician.
Wireless Interconnected Alarms: Offer the same interconnected
functionality as with hardwired alarms, without wires. Units are easy
to install and do not require professional installation. They provide
protection even when electricity fails, provided the batteries are fresh
and correctly installed.
Smoke Alarms for Solar or Wind Energy users and battery backup
power systems: AC powered Smoke Alarms should only be operated
with true or pure sine wave inverters. Operating this Smoke Alarm with
most battery-powered UPS (uninterruptible power supply) products or
square wave or “quasi sine wave” inverters will damage the Alarm.
If you are not sure about your inverter or UPS type, please consult with
the manufacturer to verify.
Smoke Alarms for the hearing impaired: Special purpose Smoke
Alarms should be installed for the hearing impaired. They include a
visual alarm and an audible alarm horn, and meet the requirements of
the Americans With Disabilities Act. These units can be interconnected
so if one unit senses smoke, all units alarm.
Smoke alarms are not to be used with detector guards unless the
combination has been evaluated and found suitable for that purpose.
All these Smoke Alarms are designed to provide early warning of fires if
located, installed and cared for as described in the user’s manual, and if
smoke reaches the Alarm. If you are unsure which type of unit to install,
refer to NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 72 (National Fire
Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code). National Fire Protection
Association, One Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Local
building codes may also require specific units in new construction
or in different areas of the home.
Specific requirements for Smoke Alarm installation vary from state to
state and from region to region. Check with your local Fire Department
for current requirements in your area. It is recommended AC or AC/DC
units be interconnected for added protection.
SPECIAL COMPLIANCE CONSIDERATIONS
This unit alone is not a suitable substitute for complete fire
detection systems in places housing many people—like apartment
buildings, condominiums, hotels, motels, dormitories, hospitals,
long-term health care facilities, nursing homes, day care facilities,
or group homes of any kind—even if they were once single-family
homes. It is not a suitable substitute for complete fire detection
systems in warehouses, industrial facilities, commercial buildings,
and special-purpose non-residential buildings which require special
fire detection and alarm systems. Depending on the building codes
in your area, this unit may be used to provide additional protection
in these facilities.
INSTALLING SMOKE ALARMS IN MOBILE HOMES &
RVS
For minimum security install one Smoke Alarm as close to each sleeping
area as possible. For more security, put one unit in each room. Many
older mobile homes (especially those built before 1978) have little or no
insulation. If your mobile home is not well insulated, or if you are unsure
of the amount of insulation, it is important to install units on inside walls
only. Smoke Alarms should be installed where temperatures normally
remain between 40˚ F (4˚ C) and 100˚ F (38˚ C). WARNING: Test units
used in RVs after the vehicle has been in storage, before every trip,
and once a week while in use. Failure to test units used in RVs as
described may remove your protection.
The following information applies to all four types of buildings listed
below:
In new construction, most building codes require the use of AC or
AC/DC powered Smoke Alarms only. AC, AC/DC, or DC powered
Smoke Alarms can be used in existing construction as specified by
local building codes. Refer to NFPA 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and
NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code), local building codes, or consult your Fire
Department for detailed fire protection requirements in buildings not
defined as “households.”
1. Single-Family Residence:
Single family home, townhouse. It is recommended this unit be installed
on every level of the home, in every bedroom, and in each bedroom
hallway.
This equipment should be installed in accordance with NFPA (National
Fire Protection Association) 72 and 101. National Fire Protection
Association, One Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Additional
local building and regulatory codes may apply in your area. Always
check compliance requirements before beginning any installation.
2. Multi-Family or Mixed Occupant Residence:
Apartment building, condominium. This unit is suitable for use in individual
apartments or condos, provided a primary fire detection system already
exists to meet fire detection requirements in common areas like lobbies,
hallways, or porches. Using this unit in common areas may not provide
sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/
regulations.
AGENCY PLACEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
NFPA 72 (National Fire Code)
Smoke Alarms shall be installed in each separate sleeping room, outside
each sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms and on each
additional story of the family living unit, including basements and excluding
crawl spaces and unfinished attics.
In new construction, Alarms shall be so arranged that operation of any
one Alarm shall cause the operation of all Alarms within the dwelling.
3. Institutions:
Hospitals, day care facilities, long-term health care facilities. This unit is
suitable for use in individual patient sleeping/resident rooms, provided
a primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire detection
requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches.
Using this unit in common areas may not provide sufficient warning to
all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
Smoke Detection-Are More Smoke Alarms Desirable? The required
number of Smoke Alarms might not provide reliable early warning
protection for those areas separated by a door from the areas protected
by the required Smoke Alarms. For this reason, it is recommended that
the householder consider the use of additional Smoke Alarms for those
areas for increased protection. The additional areas include the basement, bedrooms, dining room, furnace room, utility room, and hallways
not protected by the required Smoke Alarms. The installation of Smoke
Alarms in kitchens, attics (finished or unfinished), or garages is not
normally recommended, as these locations occasionally experience
conditions that can result in improper operation.
4. Hotels and Motels:
Also boarding houses and dormitories. This unit is suitable for use
inside individual sleeping/resident rooms, provided a primary fire
detection system already exists to meet fire detection requirements
in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this unit in
common areas may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or
meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
California State Fire Marshal (CSFM)
Early warning detection is best achieved by the installation of fire detection
equipment in all rooms and areas of the household as follows: A Smoke
Alarm installed in each separate sleeping area (in the vicinity, but outside
bedrooms), and Heat or Smoke Alarms in the living rooms, dining rooms,
bedrooms, kitchens, hallways, finished attics, furnace rooms, closets, utility
and storage rooms, basements, and attached garages.
9
GENERAL LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE/CO ALARMS
minimum protection is one alarm device in every sleeping area, every
bedroom, and on every level of your home. Some experts recommend
battery powered Smoke and CO Alarms be used in conjunction with
interconnected AC powered Smoke Alarms. For details, see “About
Smoke Alarms” for details.
This Smoke/CO Alarm is intended for residential use. It is not intended
for use in industrial applications where Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA) requirements for Carbon Monoxide Alarms must
be met. The Smoke Alarm portion of this device is not intended to alert
hearing impaired residents. Special purpose Smoke Alarms should be
installed for hearing impaired residents (CO Alarms are not yet available
for the hearing impaired).
Smoke/CO Alarms may not be heard. The alarm horn loudness
meets or exceeds current UL standards of 85 dB at 10 feet (3 meters).
However, if the Smoke/CO Alarm is installed outside the bedroom, it
may not wake up a sound sleeper or one who has recently used drugs
or has been drinking alcoholic beverages. This is especially true if the
door is closed or only partly open. Even persons who are awake may
not hear the alarm horn if the sound is blocked by distance or closed
doors. Noise from traffic, stereo, radio, television, air conditioner, or
other appliances may also prevent alert persons from hearing the alarm
horn. This Smoke/CO Alarm is not intended for people who are hearing
impaired.
Smoke/CO Alarms may not waken all individuals. Practice the
escape plan at least twice a year, making sure that everyone is involved
– from kids to grandparents. Allow children to master fire escape
planning and practice before holding a fire drill at night when they are
sleeping. If children or others do not readily waken to the sound of the
Smoke/CO Alarm, or if there are infants or family members with mobility
limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to assist them in fire
drill and in the event of an emergency. It is recommended that you hold
a fire drill while family members are sleeping in order to determine their
response to the sound of the Smoke/CO Alarm while sleeping and
to determine whether they may need assistance in the event of an
emergency.
The Alarm may not have time to alarm before the fire itself causes
damage, injury, or death, since smoke from some fires may not
reach the unit immediately. Examples of this include persons
smoking in bed, children playing with matches, or fires caused
by violent explosions resulting from escaping gas.
Smoke/CO Alarms cannot work without power. Battery operated units
cannot work if the batteries are missing, disconnected or dead, if the wrong
type of batteries are used, or if the batteries are not installed correctly.
AC units cannot work if the AC power is cut off for any reason (open fuse
or circuit breaker, failure along a power line or at a power station, electrical
fire that burns the electrical wires, etc.). If you are concerned about the
limitations of battery or AC power, install both types of units.
This Smoke/CO Alarm is not a substitute for life insurance.
Though this Smoke/CO Alarm warns against increasing CO levels or
the presence of smoke, BRK Brands, Inc. does not warrant or imply in
any way that they will protect lives. Homeowners and renters must still
insure their lives.
This Smoke/CO Alarm will not sense smoke or CO that does not
reach the sensors. It will only sense smoke or CO at the sensor. Smoke
or CO may be present in other areas. Doors or other obstructions may
affect the rate at which CO or smoke reaches the sensors. If bedroom
doors are usually closed at night, we recommend you install an alarm
device (Combination CO and Smoke Alarm, or separate CO Alarms and
Smoke Alarms) in each bedroom and in the hallway between them.
This Smoke/CO Alarm has a limited life. Although this Smoke/CO
Alarm and all of its parts have passed many stringent tests and are
designed to be as reliable as possible, any of these parts could fail at
any time. Therefore, you must test this device weekly. The unit should
be replaced immediately if it is not operating properly.
This Smoke/CO Alarm is not foolproof. Like all other electronic
devices, this Smoke/CO Alarm has limitations. It can only detect smoke
or CO that reaches the sensors. It may not give early warning of the
source of smoke or CO is in a remote part of the home, away from the
alarm device.
This Smoke/CO Alarm may not sense smoke or CO on another
level of the home. Example: This alarm device, installed on the second
floor, may not sense smoke or CO in the basement. For this reason,
one alarm device may not give adequate early warning. Recommended
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where the Alarm is installed BEFORE removing it from the mounting bracket or
checking any electrical connections! Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
If your Alarm does this...
It means...
You should...
Green light is OFF. Unit will not alarm when you
press the Test/Silence button.
Unit may not be receiving any power.
Green light flashes ON, once a minute (horn is
silent).
Alarm is not receiving AC power.
Check the AC power supply. Make sure the
power connector is securely attached to the
alarm. Make sure a fresh 9V battery is installed
to power the battery back-up*.
Unit is operating on battery back-up.
Check the AC power supply.
Once a minute, the Green light flashes and the
horn “chirps”.
Low battery warning. Battery is low or missing.
Replace the battery, avoid interrupting AC
power.
Once a minute, the alarm sounds 3 quick
“chirps”, and the green light flashes quickly
three times.
MALFUNCTION SIGNAL. Unit needs to be
replaced. Based on self-diagnostic tests, the
unit has detected a fault.
Units under warranty should be returned to
manufacturer for replacement. See “Limited
Warranty” for details.
Alarm goes back into alarm after you pressed
the Test/Silence button to silence an alarm.
Smoke and/or CO levels are still potentially
dangerous.
Refer to “If Your Smoke/CO Alarm Sounds” for
details on how to respond to an alarm. If anyone
is feeling ill, EVACUATE your home immediately
and call 911.
Alarm sounds frequently even though no high
levels of smoke or CO are revealed in an
investigation.
The Alarm may be improperly located. Refer to
“Where to Install This Alarm.”
Relocate your alarm. If frequent alarms continue,
have home rechecked for potential problems.
You may be experiencing an intermittent smoke
or CO problem.
*For a list of acceptable replacement batteries, see “Regular Maintenance.”
If you have any questions that cannot be answered by reading this manual, call Consumer Affairs: 1-800-323-9005.
10
LIMITED WARRANTY
BRK Brands, Inc., ("BRK") the maker of BRK® brand and First Alert® brand products, warrants that for a period of five years from the date of purchase,
this product will be free from defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at its option, will repair or replace this product or any component of the product
found to be defective during the warranty period. Replacement will be made with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the product is no
longer available, replacement may be made with a similar product of equal or greater value. This is your exclusive warranty.
This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial retail purchase and is not transferable. Keep the original sales receipt.
Proof of purchase is required to obtain warranty performance. BRK dealers, service centers, or retail stores selling BRK products do not have the right to
alter, modify or any way change the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting from any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on improper
voltage or current, use contrary to the operating instructions, disassembly, repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized service center.
Further, the warranty does not cover Acts of God, such as fire, flood, hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are included with this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages caused by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the extent
prohibited by applicable law, any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the duration of the above
warranty. Some states, provinces or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on how long
an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights that vary from state to state or province to province.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer. In order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs Division at
1-800-323-9005, 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, Monday through Friday. To assist us in serving you, please have the model number and
date of purchase available when calling.
For Warranty Service return to: BRK Brands, Inc., 25 Spur Drive, El Paso, TX 79906
Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. make no warranty, express or implied, written or oral, including that of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose
with respect to battery.
For your records, please record:
Date Purchased: _______________________________
Where Purchased: __________________________________________
Date Installed: ____________/____________Month/Year
Replacement date is five years after installation: ________/______
Month/Year
NOTE: End of Life Signal — Once the unit reaches the end of its
lifecycle, the MALFUNCTION SIGNAL will sound once a minute
to indicate the need to immediately replace the Alarm.
BRK Electronics® is a registered trademark of BRK Brands, Inc.
First Alert® is a registered trademark of the First Alert Trust.
Printed in Mexico M08-0094-006 K1 08/08
11
Troubleshooting Guide Smoke Alarms
Smoke Alarms • Carbon Monoxide Alarms • Heat Alarms • Fire Extinguishers
Smoke Alarm Troubleshooting Guide
for Contractor and Builder Service Managers
Why can smoke alarms go into alarm when no smoke is present?
Any of these situations can cause unwanted alarms:
• Cover or sensor chamber is covered by dust or dirt.
Alarms may look clean, but dust can accumulate inside the cover, especially in newly built
homes. Gently vacuum smoke alarms regularly using the soft brush attachment. Be sure
electricians install the provided dust cover to keep alarm clean during construction.
• Insects covered or clogged the sensor chamber.
Clean the smoke alarm with the soft brush attachment on your vacuum.
• Alarm was triggered from another part of the home.
In a system of interconnected AC or AC/DC alarms, the unit triggering the alarm is in another
part of the home - smoke may be present, but you can't see it.
• Power interruptions to AC/DC smoke alarms.
Smoke alarms may alarm briefly when power is interrupted, then restored. Power interruptions
are common in areas where utility companies switch grids in the early hours of the morning.
• A loose electrical connection on AC or AC/DC smoke alarms.
In AC or AC/DC smoke alarms, a loose hot wire connection can intermittently disconnect
power to the smoke alarm. The effect is the same as a power failure. When power is restored,
the units may alarm briefly. Note: A loose or disconnected neutral wire may cause the alarm to
chirp or go into alarm. For residential applications, connecting stranded 18 AWG wire from the
smoke alarm to solid 14 AWG wire can be difficult. Be sure wire is making a reliable
connection.
• When the furnace is turned on for first use:
• Oil and residue is present on and in furnaces and ductwork from the factory to protect the
metal surfaces. This can cause smoke to be emitted for a period of time and possibly set
off smoke alarms.
• Dirt, drywall dust and construction debris is often present in ductwork. First use of the
furnace can cause fine particles to be blown through the house possibly causing nuisance
alarms. This is why the homeowner may be in the house for several months without
incident and why nuisance alarms tend to increase during the Fall.
• HumidityIonization smoke alarms are more susceptible to nuisance alarms when placed near a
bathroom or other potentially high humidity area.
• Near Cold Air Returns
Smoke alarms placed near a cold air return are more susceptible to nuisance alarms because
dusty air can be blown through the alarm sensing chamber.
• Smoke alarm may need to be relocated.
If possible, install smoke alarms at least 20 feet from appliances like furnaces and ovens,
which produce combustion particles. Alarms should be at least 10 feet from high humidity
areas like showers and laundry rooms, and at least 3 feet from heat/AC vents and fluorescent
lights whenever possible. In areas where a 20-foot (6 meter) distance is not possible – in
modular, mobile, or smaller homes, for example – it is recommended the Smoke Alarm be
placed as far from these fuel-burning sources as possible. The placement recommendations
are intended to keep these Alarms at a reasonable distance from a fuel-burning source, and
thus reduce “unwanted” alarms. Unwanted alarms can occur if a Smoke Alarm is placed
directly next to a fuel-burning source. Ventilate these areas as much as possible.
Page 1 of 2
August 2008
Troubleshooting Guide Smoke Alarms
Smoke Alarms • Carbon Monoxide Alarms • Heat Alarms • Fire Extinguishers
Smoke Alarm Troubleshooting Guide
for Contractor and Builder Service Managers
Why do smoke alarms chirp intermittently?
The "chirp" will only be caused by issues surrounding the battery or miss wiring. However, a
homeowner may confuse the chirp with an intermittent alarm. Try and get the homeowner to be
specific as to what they are hearing. A “chirp” will have a higher pitched tone and sound in equal
intervals about once every minute. An intermittent alarm will be random, sound usually for several
seconds and have a lower pitched tone. Any of these situations can cause unwanted chirps:
• Battery pull-tab is still in the alarm.
The battery pull-tab must be removed after AC power is
provided to the alarm.
• The Battery Drawer is open.
The battery drawer must be completely closed for the
battery to make contact with the terminals.
• Low battery.
As the battery in a smoke alarm becomes weak,
the smoke alarm will "chirp" about once a
minute to alert you that the battery needs to be
replaced. Note: Only the alarm with a low
battery will chirp. No signal is sent through the
interconnect wire. The other alarms will be
silent.
• Tip for Facility Managers.
During the moving season, inform Facility
Managers who maintain apartment buildings that if
they are shutting down power to unoccupied apartment
units, to be sure to open the battery drawer on alarms to
keep the battery from draining. Remind them that if they restore
power temporarily (e.g. to show the unit) the alarm will chirp if the drawer is open. The alarm
now thinks there is no battery. This is also important for single-family houses that will be
unoccupied for extended periods.
• Battery is present but part of the terminal is obstructed.
The battery may not be fully making contact with the terminals in the alarm. Check to be sure
the battery pull-tab or some other obstruction is completely removed.
• A different device or appliance.
Security systems, monitors, carbon monoxide alarms, and other devices have similar low
battery or alert signals.
• How long will a battery last in a smoke alarm?
A fresh carbon zinc battery in the 9120B will last up to one year; depending on how fresh it
was before it was installed and when it was activated. UL 217 mandates that the battery in a
backup mode only need to last for 24 hours in standby condition and thereafter be able to be
in alarm for at least 4 minutes. As a rule of thumb in smoke alarms, alkaline batteries will last
for about 1-2 years and Lithium batteries for 6 years plus.
The SC9120B battery will last for about 20 to 30 days. UL 2034 states that the battery should
last for 7 days in standby condition and thereafter be able to be in alarm for at least 4 minutes.
• Why does the alarm chirp when power is disconnected and the battery is removed?
The circuitry of the alarm contains capacitors that store energy. You must press and hold the
test button to dissipate the capacitor. You will hear a steadily weakening sound until it is silent.
Page 2 of 2
August 2008
BEFORE YOU INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM, Continued
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where the
Smoke Alarm is installed before removing it from the mounting bracket.
Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious electrical shock,
injury or death.
• This unit will not alert hearing impaired residents. It is recommended
that you install special units which use devices like flashing strobe
lights to alert hearing impaired residents.
• Installation of this unit must conform to the electrical codes in your
area; Articles 210 and 300.3 (B) of NFPA 70 (NEC), NFPA 72, NFPA
101; ICC; SBC (SBCCI); UBC (ICBO); NBC (BOCA); OTFDC (CABO),
and any other local or building codes that may apply. Wiring and
installation must be performed by a licensed electrician. Failure to
follow these guidelines may result in injury or property damage.
• This unit must be powered by a 24-hour, 120V AC pure sine wave
60 Hz circuit. Be sure the circuit cannot be turned off by a switch,
dimmer, or ground fault circuit interrupter. Failure to connect this unit
to a 24-hour circuit may prevent it from providing constant protection.
Unit may be connected to an arc fault circuit interrupter.
• This Smoke Alarm must have AC or battery power to operate.
If the AC power fails, battery back-up will allow the alarm to sound
for at least 4 minutes. If AC power fails and the battery is weak,
protection should last for up to 7 days. If AC power fails and the
battery is dead or missing, the alarm cannot operate.
• Never disconnect the power from an AC powered unit to stop an
unwanted alarm. Doing so will disable the unit and remove your
protection. In the case of a true unwanted alarm open a window or
fan the smoke away from the unit. The alarm will reset automatically
when it returns to normal operation. Never remove the batteries from
a battery operated unit to stop an unwanted alarm (caused by cooking
smoke, etc.). Instead open a window or fan the smoke away from the
unit. The alarm will reset automatically.
• Connect this unit ONLY to other compatible units. See “How To
Install This Smoke Alarm” for details. Do not connect it to any other
type of alarm or auxiliary device. Connecting anything else to this unit
may damage it or prevent it from operating properly.
• The battery compartment resists closing unless a battery is
installed. This warns you the unit will not operate under DC power
without a battery.
• Do not paint over the unit. Paint may clog the openings to the
sensing chamber and prevent the unit from operating properly.
HOW TO INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
This Smoke Alarm is designed to be mounted on any standard wiring junction box to a 4-inch (10 cm) size, on either the ceiling or wall. Read “Recommended
Locations For Smoke Alarms” and “Locations to Avoid For Smoke Alarms” before you begin installation.
Tools you will need: • Needle-nose pliers or utility knife • Standard Flathead screwdriver.
Make sure the Alarm is not receiving excessively noisy power. Examples of noisy power could be major appliances on the same circuit, power from a
generator or solar power, light dimmer on the same circuit or mounted near fluorescent lighting. Excessively noisy power may cause damage to your
Alarm.
THE PARTS OF THIS SMOKE ALARM
1
The Mounting Bracket:
To remove the mounting bracket from the Smoke
Alarm base, hold the Smoke Alarm base firmly and
twist the mounting bracket counterclockwise.
The mounting bracket installs onto the junction box.
It has a variety of screw slots to fit most boxes.
3
The Parts of This Unit
1
2
2
The Power Connector:
The power connector plugs into a power input block on
the Smoke Alarm. It supplies the unit with AC power.
3
6
Mounting Bracket
2
Mounting Slots
3
Locking Pins (break out of bracket)
4
Hot (Black) AC Wire
5
Neutral (White) AC Wire
6
Interconnect (Orange) Wire
• The black wire is “hot.”
7
Latch to Open Battery Compartment
• The white wire is neutral.
8
Swing-Out Battery Compartment
9
Quick-Connect Power Connector
4
7
5
8
• The orange wire is used for interconnect.
9
If you need to remove the power connector, insert a
flat screwdriver blade between the power connector
and the security tab inside the power input block.
Gently pry back the tab and pull the connector free.
2
FOLLOW THESE INSTALLATION STEPS
The basic installation of this Smoke Alarm is similar whether you want
to install one Smoke Alarm, or interconnect more than one Smoke Alarm.
If you are interconnecting more than one Smoke Alarm, you MUST read
“Special Requirements For Interconnected Smoke Alarms” below before
you begin installation.
9. For new construction, place supplied dust cover over Alarm to prevent
damage from dust and construction debris. When construction is complete, remove cover.
Smoke will not be able to reach smoke sensor while cover is in place.
Cover must be removed!
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off power to the area where you
will install this unit at the circuit breaker or fuse box before beginning
installation. Failure to turn off the power before installation may result
in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERCONNECTED SMOKE ALARMS
1. Using wire nuts, connect the power connector to the household wiring.
• Failure to meet any of the above requirements could damage the
units and cause them to malfunction, removing your protection.
Improper wiring of the power connector or the wiring leading to the
power connector will cause damage to the Alarm and may lead to a
non-functioning Alarm.
• AC and AC/DC Smoke Alarms can be interconnected. Under AC
power, all units will alarm when one senses smoke. When power is
interrupted, only the AC/DC units in the series will continue to send
and receive signals. AC powered Smoke Alarms will not operate.
STAND-ALONE ALARM ONLY:
• Connect the white wire on the power connector to the neutral wire
in the junction box.
• Connect the black wire on the power connector to the hot wire in
the junction box.
• Tuck the orange wire inside the junction box. It is used for
interconnect only.
Interconnected units can provide earlier warning of fire than stand-alone units,
especially if a fire starts in a remote area of the dwelling. If any unit in the
series senses smoke, all units will alarm. To determine which Smoke Alarm
initiated an alarm, see table:
During an Alarm:
On Initiating Alarm(s) Red LED(s) flashes (flash) rapidly
On All Other Alarms
INTERCONNECTED UNITS ONLY:
Strip off about 1/2” (12 mm) of the plastic coating on the orange
wire on the power connector.
•
•
•
Red LED is Off
After an Alarm (Latching):
On Initiating Alarm(s) Green LED(s) On for 2 seconds/Off for 2 seconds
Connect the white wire on the power connector to the neutral wire
in the junction box.
Connect the black wire on the power connector to the hot wire in
the junction box.
Connect the orange wire on the power connector to the interconnect
wire in the junction box. Repeat for each unit you are interconnecting.
Never connect the hot or neutral wires in the junction box to the orange
interconnect wire. Never cross hot and neutral wires between Alarms.
On All Other Alarms
Green LED(s) On, Red LED(s) is Off
Compatible Interconnected Units
Interconnect units within a single family residence only. Otherwise all households will experience unwanted alarms when you test any unit in the series.
Interconnected units will only work if they are wired to compatible units and
all requirements are met. This unit is designed to be compatible with:
First Alert® Smoke Alarm Models SA4120, SA4121B, SA100B and BRK
Electronics® Smoke Alarm Models 9120, 9120B, SC6120B, SC9120B, 7010,
7010B, 100S, 4120, 4120B, 4120SB, RM3 (Relay Module); BRK Electronics®
CO Alarm Models CO5120BN, CO5120PDBN; BRK Electronics® Heat Alarm
Models HD6135F and HD6135FB.
2. Remove the mounting bracket from the base, and attach it to the
junction box.
3. Plug the power connector into the back of the Smoke Alarm.
4. Position the base of the Smoke Alarm over the mounting bracket and
turn. The Alarm will remain secure over a wide rotation range to allow for
perfect alignment. When wall mounting, this will allow fine-tuning on the
positioning to compensate for misaligned wall studs and to keep the
wording level. The Alarm can be positioned over the bracket every 120°.
Rotate the Alarm until aligned properly.
Interconnected units must meet ALL of the following requirements:
• A maximum of 18 compatible units may be interconnected
(Maximum of 12 Smoke Alarms).
• The same fuse or circuit breaker must power all interconnected units.
• The total length of wire interconnecting the units should be less than
1000 feet (300 meters). This type of wire is commonly available at
Hardware and Electrical Supply stores.
• All wiring must conform to all local electrical codes and NFPA 70 (NEC).
Refer to NFPA 72, NFPA 101, and/or your local building code for further
connection requirements.
5. Check all connections.
STAND-ALONE ALARM ONLY:
• If you are only installing one Smoke Alarm, restore power to the
junction box.
INTERCONNECTED UNITS ONLY:
• If you are interconnecting multiple Smoke Alarms, repeat steps
1-5 for each Smoke Alarm in the series. When you are finished,
restore power to the junction box.
A
5
4
3
2
1
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Do not restore power until all Smoke
Alarms are completely installed. Restoring power before installation is
complete may result in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
6. Make sure the Smoke Alarm is receiving AC power. Under normal
operation, the Green power indicator light will shine continuously.
7. If the Green power indicator light does not light, TURN OFF POWER TO
THE JUNCTION BOX and recheck all connections. If all connections
are correct and the Green power indicator still does not light when you
restore the power, the unit should be replaced immediately.
A. Unswitched 120VAC
60 Hz source
1. Smoke Alarm
2. Ceiling or Wall
3. Power Connector
8. Single Station Alarms: Test each Smoke Alarm. Press and hold the
Test/Silence button until the unit alarms.
Interconnected Alarms: Press and hold the Test/Silence button until
the unit alarms. All interconnected Alarms should sound. The other
Alarms sounding only tests the interconnect signal between Alarms.
It does not test each Alarm’s operation. You must test each Alarm
individually to check if the Alarm is functioning properly.
If any unit in the series does not alarm, TURN OFF POWER and recheck
connections. If it does not alarm when you restore power, replace it
immediately.
3
6
7 B
8
}
}
5
4
3
1
B. To additional units; Maximum = 18 total
(Maximum 12 Smoke Alarms)
4. Wire Nut
5. Junction Box
6. Neutral Wire (Wht)
7. Interconnect Wire
(Orange)
8. Hot Wire (Blk)
OPTIONAL LOCKING FEATURES
The optional locking features are designed to discourage unauthorized removal of the battery or alarm. It is not necessary to activate the locks in
single-family households where unauthorized battery or alarm removal is not a concern.
These Smoke Alarms have two separate locking features: one to lock the battery compartment, and the other to lock the Smoke Alarm
to the mounting bracket. You can choose to use either feature independently, or use them both.
Tools you will need: • Needle-nose pliers or utility knife • Standard Flathead screwdriver.
Locking Pin
Both locking features use locking pins, which are molded into the mounting bracket. Using needle nose pliers or a utility knife, remove one
or both pins from the mounting bracket, depending on how many locking features you want to use.
To permanently remove either lock insert a flathead screwdriver between the locking pin and the lock, and pry the pin out of the lock.
TO LOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT
TO UNLOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT
(Model 9120B Only)
(Model 9120B Only)
Do not lock the battery compartment until you have activated
the battery and tested the battery back-up.
Once the Smoke Alarm is installed, you must disconnect it from the AC power
before unlocking the battery compartment.
1. Activate the battery back-up by removing
the “Pull to Activate Battery Back-Up” tab.
2. Push and hold test button until the alarm
sounds: 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where the
Smoke Alarm is installed before removing it from the mounting bracket.
Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious electrical shock,
injury or death.
If the unit does not alarm during testing,
DO NOT lock the battery compartment!
Install a new battery and test again.
If the Smoke Alarm still does not alarm,
replace it immediately.
Always discharge the branch circuit before servicing an AC or AC/DC
Smoke Alarm. First, turn off the AC power at the circuit breaker or fuse
box. Next, remove the battery from Smoke Alarms with battery back-up.
Finally, press and hold the test button for 5-10 seconds to discharge the
branch circuit.
1. Remove the Smoke Alarm from the mounting
bracket. If the unit is locked to the bracket, see
the section “To Unlock the Mounting Bracket.”
2. Disconnect the power connector by gently prying
it away from the back of the Smoke Alarm.
3. Insert a flathead screwdriver under the head of
the locking pin, and gently pry it out of the battery compartment lock. (If you plan to relock the
battery compartment, save the locking pin.)
3. Using needle-nose pliers or a utility
knife, detach one locking pin from
the mounting bracket.
4. Push the locking pin through the
black dot on the label on the back
of the Smoke Alarm.
4. To relock the battery compartment, close the battery door and reinsert
locking pin in lock.
5. Reconnect the power connector to the back of the Smoke Alarm, reattach
the Smoke Alarm to the mounting bracket, and restore the power.
When replacing the battery, always test the Smoke Alarm before relocking the
battery compartment.
TO UNLOCK THE MOUNTING BRACKET
TO LOCK THE MOUNTING BRACKET
1. Using needle-nose pliers or utility
knife, detach one locking pin from
mounting bracket.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where the
Smoke Alarm is installed before removing it from the mounting bracket.
Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious electrical shock,
injury or death.
2. Insert the locking pin into the
lock located on the base as
shown in the diagram.
Always discharge the branch circuit before servicing an AC or AC/DC
Smoke Alarm. First, turn off the AC power at the circuit breaker or fuse
box. Next, remove the battery from Smoke Alarms with battery back-up.
Finally, press and hold the test button for 5-10 seconds to discharge the
branch circuit.
3. When you attach the Smoke
Alarm to the mounting
bracket, the locking pin’s
head will fit into a notch on
the bracket.
1. Insert a flathead screwdriver between the mounting bracket pin and the
mounting bracket.
2. Pry the Smoke Alarm away from the bracket by turning both the screwdriver and the Smoke Alarm counterclockwise (left) at the same time.
4
Choosing a replacement battery:
Your Smoke Alarm requires one standard 9V battery. The following batteries
are acceptable as replacements: Duracell #MN1604, (Ultra) #MX1604;
Eveready (Energizer) #522, Eveready (Energizer) #1222. You may also use a
Lithium battery like the Ultralife U9VL-J for longer service life between battery
changes. These batteries are available at many local retail stores.
UNDERSTANDING THE INDICATOR LIGHTS
AND ALARM HORN PATTERNS
Condition
LED (Red or Green
Lights)
Horn
Normal Operation
(AC Power)
Green LED ON; flashing Red LED once/
minute
No Audible Alarm
Normal Operation
(DC Power – 9120B
only)
Green LED OFF;
Red LED flashes
once/minute
No Audible Alarm
DURING TESTING
Red LED flashes
once every
second
Horn pattern:
3 beeps, pause, 3
beeps, pause
LOW OR MISSING
BATTERY (9120B
only)
Red LED flashes
once/minute
Horn “chirps”
once/minute
ALARM CONDITION
Smoke Initiating
Device
Red LED flashes
rapidly on the
unit that
triggered the Alarm.
Horn pattern:
3 beeps, pause, 3
beeps, pause repeating on all Alarms
ALARM CONDITION
Interconnect Alarm
Red LED on the
other Alarms in
an interconnected
series will be OFF.
Horn pattern:
3 beeps, pause, 3
beeps, pause repeating on all Alarms
IN SILENCE MODE
Red LED flashes
once every 10
seconds
Horn remains silent
for up to 10 minutes.
Horn will sound if
smoke levels increase.
“LATCHING” ALARM
INDICATOR
Green LED ON for
2 seconds/OFF
for 2 seconds,
repeatedly until reset,
on initiating unit(s).
Horn remains silent
Actual battery service life depends on the Smoke Alarm and the environment in
which it is installed. All the batteries specified above are acceptable replacement batteries for this unit. Regardless of the manufacturer’s suggested battery
life, you MUST replace the battery immediately once the unit starts “chirping”
(the “low battery warning”).
IF THIS SMOKE ALARM SOUNDS
RESPONDING TO AN ALARM
During an alarm, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps, pause.
• If the unit alarms and you are not testing the unit, it is warning you
of a potentially dangerous situation that requires your immediate
attention. NEVER ignore any alarm. Ignoring the alarm may result
in injury or death.
• Never disconnect the AC power to quiet an unwanted alarm.
Disconnecting the power disables the Alarm so it cannot sense
smoke. This will remove your protection. Instead open a window
or fan the smoke away from the unit. The alarm will reset automatically.
• If the unit alarms get everyone out of the house immediately.
• ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD: Attempting to disconnect the power
connector from the unit when the power is on may result in electrical
shock, serious injury or death.
When an interconnected system of AC powered units is in alarm, the alarm
indicator light on the unit(s) that initiated the alarm will blink rapidly. It will
remain OFF on any remaining units.
If the unit alarms and you are certain that the source of smoke is not a fire—
cooking smoke or an extremely dusty furnace, for example—open a nearby
window or door and fan the smoke away from the unit. Use the Silence
Feature to silence the alarm. This will silence the alarm, and once the smoke
clears the unit will reset itself automatically.
WEEKLY TESTING
NEVER use an open flame of any kind to test this unit. You might accidentally damage or set fire to the unit or to your home. The built-in test
switch accurately tests the unit’s operation as required by Underwriters
Laboratories, Inc. (UL). If you choose to use an aerosol smoke product
to test the Smoke Alarm, be certain to use one that has been Listed to
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. Safety Standards, and use it only as
directed. Use of non-UL Listed products or improper use of UL Listed
products may affect the Smoke Alarm’s sensitivity.
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE
•
•
•
•
DO NOT stand close to the Alarm when the horn is sounding. Exposure
at close range may be harmful to your hearing. When testing, step away
when horn starts sounding.
It is important to test this unit every week to make sure it is working properly. Using the test button is the recommended way to test this Smoke
Alarm. Press and hold the test button on the cover of the unit until the alarm
sounds (the unit may continue to alarm for a few seconds after you release the
button). If it does not alarm, make sure the unit is receiving power and test it
again. If it still does not alarm, replace it immediately. During testing, you will
hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
When testing a series of interconnected units you must test each unit individually. Make sure all units alarm when each one is tested.
•
•
•
•
Alarms have various limitations. See "Limitations of Smoke Alarms" for
details.
USING THE SILENCE FEATURE
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
The Silence Feature on this unit can temporarily quiet an unwanted alarm for
up to 10 minutes.
Use only the replacement batteries listed below. The unit may not
operate properly with other batteries. Never use rechargeable batteries
since they may not provide a constant charge.
The Silence Feature does not disable the unit—it makes it temporarily
less sensitive to smoke. For your safety, if smoke around the unit is
dense enough to suggest a potentially dangerous situation, the unit will
stay in alarm or may re-alarm quickly. If you do not know the source of
the smoke, do not assume it is an unwanted alarm. Not responding to
an alarm can result in property loss, injury, or death. If the unit will not
silence and no heavy smoke is present, or if it stays in silence mode
continuously, it should be replaced immediately.
This unit has been designed to be as maintenance-free as possible, but there
are a few simple things you must do to keep it working properly.
•
•
•
•
•
Don’t panic; stay calm. Follow your family escape plan.
Get out of the house as quickly as possible. Don’t stop to get dressed or
collect anything.
Feel doors with the back of your hand before opening them. If a door is
cool, open it slowly. Don’t open a hot door. Keep doors and windows
closed, unless you must escape through them.
Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth (preferably damp). Take short,
shallow breaths.
Meet at your planned meeting place outside your home, and do a head
count to make sure everybody got out safely.
Call the Fire Department as soon as possible from outside. Give your
address, then your name.
Never go back inside a burning building for any reason.
Contact your Fire Department for ideas on making your home safer.
Test it at least once a week.
Clean the Smoke Alarm at least once a month; gently vacuum the
outside of the Smoke Alarm using your household vacuum’s soft brush
attachment. Test the Smoke Alarm. Never use water, cleaners or solvents
since they may damage the unit.
If the Smoke Alarm becomes contaminated by excessive dirt, dust and/or
grime, and cannot be cleaned to avoid unwanted alarms, replace the unit
immediately.
Relocate the unit if it sounds frequent unwanted alarms. See “Locations
To Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
When the battery back-up becomes weak, the Smoke Alarm will “chirp”
about once a minute (the low battery warning). This warning should last 7
days, but you should replace the battery immediately to continue your
protection.
To silence Smoke Alarms in an interconnected series:
1. To silence multiple alarms in an interconnected series, you must press the
Test/Silence button on the unit(s) that initiated the alarm.
NOTE: The red LED on the initiating alarm will flash rapidly. The red LED
will be Off on all other non-initiating alarms. No audible sound will be
heard. The unit will exit “silence mode” in approximately 10 minutes.
2. While the unit is in “silence mode”, pressing and holding the Test/Silence
button for approximately 10 seconds will test the unit. After testing, the
unit will re-enter “silence mode” and the 10-minute timer is reset.
5
RECOMMENDED LOCATIONS FOR SMOKE ALARMS, Continued
“LATCHING ALARM” INDICATOR
BEDROOM
BEDROOM
KITCHEN
LIVING ROOM
BEDROOM
GARAGE
KEY:
LATCHING ALARM:
Unit was exposed
to alarm levels of Smoke
HALL
BASEMENT
LATCHING NOT ACTIVATED:
Unit was not exposed
to alarm levels of Smoke
The Latching Alarm Indicator is automatically activated after an Alarm is
exposed to alarm levels of smoke. After smoke levels drop below alarm levels,
the green LED will be On for 2 seconds/Off for 2 seconds, repeatedly. This
feature helps emergency responders, investigators, or service technicians
identify which unit(s) in your home were exposed to alarm levels of smoke
after the condition has subsided. The Latching Alarm Indicator stays ON until
you reset it by pressing the Test/Silence button. The Latching Alarm Indicator
is also reset when AC and DC power is removed from the Alarm.
INSTALLING SMOKE ALARMS IN MOBILE HOMES & RVS
For minimum security install one Smoke Alarm as close to each sleeping area
as possible. For more security, put one unit in each room. Many older mobile
homes (especially those built before 1978) have little or no insulation. If your
mobile home is not well insulated, or if you are unsure of the amount of
insulation, it is important to install units on inside walls only. Smoke Alarms
should be installed where temperatures normally remain between 40˚ F (4˚ C)
and 100˚ F (38˚ C). WARNING: Test units used in RVs after the vehicle has
been in storage, before every trip, and once a week while in use. Failure
to test units used in RVs as described may remove your protection.
IF YOU SUSPECT A PROBLEM
Smoke Alarms may not operate properly because of dead, missing or weak
batteries, a build-up of dirt, dust or grease on the Smoke Alarm cover, or
installation in an improper location. Clean the Smoke Alarm as described in
“Regular Maintenance,” and install a fresh battery, then test the Smoke Alarm
again. If it fails to test properly when you use the Test/Silence button, or if the
problem persists, replace the Smoke Alarm immediately.
• If you hear a “chirp” once a minute, replace the battery.
• If you experience frequent non-emergency alarms (like those caused
by cooking smoke), try relocating the Smoke Alarm.
• If the alarm sounds when no smoke is visible, try cleaning or
relocating the Smoke Alarm. The cover may be dirty.
• If the alarm does not sound during testing, make sure it is receiving
AC power from the household current.
AGENCY PLACEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
NFPA 72 (National Fire Code) Chapter 11
“For your information, the National Fire Protection Association's Standard 72,
reads as follows:
11.5.1 One- and Two-Family Dwelling Units.
11.5.1.1 Smoke Detection. Where required by applicable laws, codes, or
standards for the specified occupancy, approved single- and multiple-station
Smoke Alarms shall be installed as follows: (1) In all sleeping rooms.
Exception: Smoke Alarms shall not be required in sleeping rooms in existing
one- and two-family dwelling units. (2) Outside of each separate sleeping
area, in immediate vicinity of the sleeping rooms. (3) On each level of the
dwelling unit, including basements. Exception: In existing one- and two family
dwelling units, approved Smoke Alarms powered by batteries are permitted.
A.11.8.3 Are More Smoke Alarms Desirable? The required number of
Smoke Alarms might not provide reliable early warning protection for those
areas separated by a door from the areas protected by the required Smoke
Alarms. For this reason, it is recommended that the householder consider
the use of additional Smoke Alarms for those areas for increased protection.
The additional areas include the basement, bedrooms, dining room, furnace
room, utility room, and hallways not protected by the required Smoke
Alarms. The installation of Smoke Alarms in kitchens, unfinished attics, or
garages is not normally recommended, as these locations occasionally
experience conditions that can result in improper operation.”
California State Fire Marshal (CSFM)
Early warning detection is best achieved by the installation of fire detection
equipment in all rooms and areas of the household as follows: A Smoke Alarm
installed in each separate sleeping area (in the vicinity, but outside bedrooms),
and Heat or Smoke Alarms in the living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms,
kitchens, hallways, finished attics, furnace rooms, closets, utility and storage
rooms, basements, and attached garages.
Always discharge the branch circuit before servicing an AC or AC/DC
Smoke Alarm. First, turn off the AC power at the circuit breaker or fuse
box. Next, remove the battery from Smoke Alarms with battery back-up.
Finally, press and hold the test button for 5-10 seconds to discharge the
branch circuit.
Do not try fixing the alarm yourself – this will void your warranty!
If the Smoke Alarm is still not operating properly, and it is still under warranty,
please see “How to Obtain Warranty Service” in the Limited Warranty.
RECOMMENDED LOCATIONS
FOR SMOKE ALARMS
Installing Smoke Alarms in Single-Family Residences
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), recommends one Smoke
Alarm on every floor, in every sleeping area, and in every bedroom. In new
construction, the Smoke Alarms must be AC powered and interconnected.
See “Agency Placement Recommendations” for details. For additional coverage, it is recommended that you install a Smoke Alarm in all rooms, halls,
storage areas, finished attics, and basements, where temperatures normally
remain between 40˚ F (4˚ C) and 100˚ F (38˚ C). Make sure no door or other
obstruction could keep smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarms.
LOCATIONS TO AVOID FOR SMOKE ALARMS
More specifically, install Smoke Alarms:
• On every level of your home, including finished attics and basements.
• Inside every bedroom, especially if people sleep with the door partly or
completely closed.
• In the hall near every sleeping area. If your home has multiple sleeping
areas, install a unit in each. If a hall is more than 40 feet (12 meters) long,
install a unit at each end.
• At the top of the first-to-second floor stairway, and at the bottom of the
basement stairway.
For best performance, AVOID installing Smoke Alarms in these areas:
• Where combustion particles are produced. Combustion particles form
when something burns. Areas to avoid include poorly ventilated kitchens,
garages, and furnace rooms. Keep units at least 20 feet (6 meters) from
the sources of combustion particles (stove, furnace, water heater, space
heater) if possible. In areas where a 20-foot (6 meter) distance is not
possible – in modular, mobile, or smaller homes, for example – it is
recommended the Smoke Alarm be placed as far from these fuel-burning
sources as possible. The placement recommendations are intended to
keep these Alarms at a reasonable distance from a fuel-burning source,
and thus reduce “unwanted” alarms. Unwanted alarms can occur if a
Smoke Alarm is placed directly next to a fuel-burning source. Ventilate
these areas as much as possible.
• In air streams near kitchens. Air currents can draw cooking smoke into
the sensing chamber of a Smoke Alarm near the kitchen.
• In very damp, humid or steamy areas, or directly near bathrooms with
showers. Keep units at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from showers,
saunas, dishwashers, etc.
• Where the temperatures are regularly below 40˚F (4˚ C) or above
100˚ F (38˚ C) including unheated buildings, outdoor rooms, porches,
or unfinished attics or basements.
• In very dusty, dirty, or greasy areas. Do not install a Smoke Alarm directly
over the stove or range. Clean a laundry room unit frequently to keep it
free of dust or lint.
• Near fresh air vents, ceiling fans, or in very drafty areas. Drafts can blow
smoke away from the unit, preventing it from reaching sensing chamber.
Continued...
Specific requirements for Smoke Alarm installation vary from state to state
and from region to region. Check with your local Fire Department for current
requirements in your area. It is recommended AC or AC/DC units be
interconnected for added protection.
6
LOCATIONS TO AVOID FOR SMOKE ALARMS, Continued
LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE ALARMS
•
Smoke Alarms have played a key role in reducing deaths resulting from home fires
worldwide. However, like any warning device, Smoke Alarms can only work if they
are properly located, installed, and maintained, and if smoke reaches the Alarms.
They are not foolproof.
Smoke alarms may not waken all individuals. Practice the escape plan at least
twice a year, making sure that everyone is involved – from kids to grandparents.
Allow children to master fire escape planning and practice before holding a fire drill
at night when they are sleeping. If children or others do not readily waken to the
sound of the smoke alarm, or if there are infants or family members with mobility
limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to assist them in fire drill and in
the event of an emergency. It is recommended that you hold a fire drill while family
members are sleeping in order to determine their response to the sound of the
smoke alarm while sleeping and to determine whether they may need assistance
in the event of an emergency.
Smoke Alarms cannot work without power. Battery operated units cannot work
if the batteries are missing, disconnected or dead, if the wrong type of batteries are
used, or if the batteries are not installed correctly. AC units cannot work if the AC
power is cut off for any reason (open fuse or circuit breaker, failure along a power line
or at a power station, electrical fire that burns the electrical wires, etc.). If you are
concerned about the limitations of battery or AC power, install both types of units.
Smoke Alarms cannot detect fires if the smoke does not reach the Alarms.
Smoke from fires in chimneys or walls, on roofs, or on the other side of closed doors
may not reach the sensing chamber and set off the Alarm. That is why one unit
should be installed inside each bedroom or sleeping area—especially if bedroom or
sleeping area doors are closed at night—and in the hallway between them.
Smoke Alarms may not detect fire on another floor or area of the dwelling.
For example, a stand-alone unit on the second floor may not detect smoke from a
basement fire until the fire spreads. This may not give you enough time to escape
safely. That is why recommended minimum protection is at least one unit in every
sleeping area, and every bedroom on every level of your dwelling. Even with a unit on
every floor, stand-alone units may not provide as much protection as interconnected
units, especially if the fire starts in a remote area. Some safety experts recommend
installing interconnected AC powered units with battery back-up (see “About Smoke
Alarms”) or professional fire detection systems, so if one unit senses smoke, all units
alarm. Interconnected units may provide earlier warning than stand-alone units since
all units alarm when one detects smoke.
Smoke Alarms may not be heard. Though the alarm horn in this unit meets or
exceeds current standards, it may not be heard if: 1) the unit is located outside a
closed or partially closed door, 2) residents recently consumed alcohol or drugs,
3) the Alarm is drowned out by noise from stereo, TV, traffic, air conditioner or other
appliances, 4) residents are hearing impaired or sound sleepers. Special purpose
units, like those with visual and audible alarms, should be installed for hearing
impaired residents.
Smoke Alarms may not have time to alarm before the fire itself causes
damage, injury, or death, since smoke from some fires may not reach the
unit immediately. Examples of this include persons smoking in bed, children
playing with matches, or fires caused by violent explosions resulting from
escaping gas.
Smoke Alarms are not foolproof. Like any electronic device, Smoke Alarms are
made of components that can wear out or fail at any time. You must test the unit
weekly to ensure your continued protection. Smoke Alarms cannot prevent or
extinguish fires. They are not a substitute for property or life insurance.
Smoke Alarms have a limited life. The unit should be replaced immediately if it is
not operating properly. You should always replace a Smoke Alarm after 10 years from
date of purchase. Write the purchase date on the space provided on back of unit.
•
•
In insect infested areas. Insects can clog openings to the sensing chamber and
cause unwanted alarms.
Less than 12 inches (305 mm) away from fluorescent lights. Electrical “noise”
can interfere with the sensor.
In “dead air” spaces. “Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the
Smoke Alarm.
AVOIDING DEAD AIR SPACES
“Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarm. To avoid
dead air spaces, follow the installation recommendations below.
On ceilings, install Smoke Alarms as close to the center of the ceiling as possible.
If this is not possible, install the Smoke Alarm at least 4 inches (102 mm) from the
wall or corner.
For wall mounting (if allowed by building codes), the top edge of Smoke Alarms
should be placed between 4 inches (102 mm) and 12 inches (305 mm) from the
wall/ceiling line, below typical “dead air” spaces.
On a peaked, gabled, or cathedral ceiling, install the first Smoke Alarm within 3
feet (0.9 meters) of the peak of the ceiling, measured horizontally. Additional Smoke
Alarms may be required depending on the length, angle, etc. of the ceiling's slope.
Refer to NFPA 72 for details on requirements for sloped or peaked ceilings.
ABOUT SMOKE ALARMS
Battery (DC) operated Smoke Alarms: Provide protection even when electricity
fails, provided the batteries are fresh and correctly installed. Units are easy to install,
and do not require professional installation. However, they do not provide interconnected functionality.
AC powered Smoke Alarms: Can be interconnected so if one unit senses smoke,
all units alarm. They do not operate if electricity fails. AC with battery (DC) backup: will operate if electricity fails, provided the batteries are fresh and correctly
installed. AC and AC/DC units must be installed by a qualified electrician.
Wireless Interconnected Alarms: Offer the same interconnected functionality as
with hardwired alarms, without wires. Units are easy to install and do not require
professional installation. They provide protection even when electricity fails,
provided the batteries are fresh and correctly installed.
Smoke Alarms for Solar or Wind Energy users and battery backup power
systems: AC powered Smoke Alarms should only be operated with true or pure
sine wave inverters. Operating this Smoke Alarm with most battery-powered UPS
(uninterruptible power supply) products or square wave or “quasi sine wave”
inverters will damage the Alarm. If you are not sure about your inverter or UPS
type, please consult with the manufacturer to verify.
Smoke Alarms for the hearing impaired: Special purpose Smoke Alarms should
be installed for the hearing impaired. They include a visual alarm and an audible
alarm horn, and meet the requirements of the Americans With Disabilities Act.
These units can be interconnected so if one unit senses smoke, all units alarm.
Smoke alarms are not to be used with detector guards unless the combination
has been evaluated and found suitable for that purpose.
All these Smoke Alarms are designed to provide early warning of fires if located,
installed and cared for as described in the user’s manual, and if smoke reaches the
Alarm. If you are unsure which type of unit to install, refer to NFPA (National Fire
Protection Association) 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code).
National Fire Protection Association, One Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101.
Local building codes may also require specific units in new construction or in
different areas of the home.
SPECIAL COMPLIANCE CONSIDERATIONS
LIMITED WARRANTY
BRK Brands, Inc., ("BRK") the maker of BRK® brand and First Alert® brand
products, warrants that for a period of ten years from the date of purchase,
this product will be free from defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at
its option, will repair or replace this product or any component of the product
found to be defective during the warranty period. Replacement will be made
with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the product is no
longer available, replacement may be made with a similar product of equal
or greater value. This is your exclusive warranty.
This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial
retail purchase and is not transferable. Keep the original sales receipt. Proof
of purchase is required to obtain warranty performance. BRK dealers, service
centers, or retail stores selling BRK products do not have the right to alter,
modify or any way change the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting from
any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on improper
voltage or current, use contrary to the operating instructions, disassembly,
repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized service
center. Further, the warranty does not cover Acts of God, such as fire, flood,
hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are included with this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages caused
by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the extent
prohibited by applicable law, any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness
for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the duration of the above
warranty. Some states, provinces or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion
or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations or exclusion may not
apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also
have other rights that vary from state to state or province to province.
This Smoke Alarm alone is not a suitable substitute for complete fire detection
systems in places housing many people—like apartment buildings, condominiums, hotels, motels, dormitories, hospitals, long-term health care facilities,
nursing homes, day care facilities, or group homes of any kind—even if they
were once single-family homes. It is not a suitable substitute for complete fire
detection systems in warehouses, industrial facilities, commercial buildings,
and special-purpose non-residential buildings which require special fire
detection and alarm systems. Depending on the building codes in your area,
this Smoke Alarm may be used to provide additional protection in these facilities.
The following information applies to all four types of buildings listed below:
In new construction, most building codes require the use of AC or AC/DC
powered Smoke Alarms only. AC, AC/DC, or DC powered Smoke Alarms can be
used in existing construction as specified by local building codes. Refer to NFPA
72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code), local building
codes, or consult your Fire Department for detailed fire protection requirements
in buildings not defined as “households.”
1. Single-Family Residence: Single family home, townhouse. It is recommended
Smoke Alarms be installed on every level of the home, in every bedroom, and in
each bedroom hallway.
2. Multi-Family or Mixed Occupant Residence: Apartment building, condominium. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use in individual apartments or
condos, provided a primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire
detection requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches.
Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may not provide sufficient warning
to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
3. Institutions: Hospitals, day care facilities, long-term health care facilities.
This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use in individual patient sleeping/resident
rooms, provided a primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire
detection requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches.
Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may not provide sufficient warning
to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
4. Hotels and Motels: Also boarding houses and dormitories. This Smoke
Alarm is suitable for use inside individual sleeping/resident rooms, provided a
primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire detection requirements
in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke Alarm
in common areas may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet
local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer.
In order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs Division at
1-800-323-9005, 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, Monday through
Friday. To assist us in serving you, please have the model number and date
of purchase available when calling. For Warranty Service return to:
BRK Brands, Inc., 25 Spur Drive, El Paso, TX 79906
Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. make no warranty, express or implied, written or
oral, including that of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose with
respect to battery.
BRK® is a registered trademark of BRK Brands, Inc.
First Alert® is a registered trademark of the First Alert Trust.
Printed in Mexico M08-0134-004 K1 08/08
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