PaperCut Xerox Embedded Manual
PaperCut Xerox Embedded Manual
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
Overview ................................................................................................................ 3
1.1
Consistency: .................................................................................................... 3
1.2
Integration: ...................................................................................................... 3
1.3
Rate of development:...................................................................................... 3
1.4
Vendor Neutral: ............................................................................................... 3
1.5
Security: ........................................................................................................... 3
End User Information ............................................................................................. 4
2.1
Logging in with Username and Password ....................................................... 4
2.2
Logging in with Identity Number and Optional PIN ........................................ 4
2.3
Selecting Shared accounts using the account code ........................................ 5
Installation ............................................................................................................. 5
3.1
Xerox Device Compatibility ............................................................................. 5
3.2
Requirements .................................................................................................. 5
3.3
Setup Procedure .............................................................................................. 6
3.3.1
Introduction ............................................................................................. 6
3.3.2
Networking/Firewall Configuration ......................................................... 6
3.3.3
Configure Accounting Settings ................................................................. 6
3.3.4
Configure Field Names and Password/PIN Masking ................................ 8
3.3.5
Configure Release Station Settings .......................................................... 9
3.3.6
PaperCut Settings................................................................................... 10
Post-install testing ............................................................................................... 11
4.1
Test Preparation ............................................................................................ 11
4.2
Scenario 1: Standard copying ........................................................................ 13
4.3
Scenario 2: Copying with account selection ................................................. 14
4.4
Scenario 3: Print release ............................................................................... 15
4.5
Scenario 4: Scanning and faxing .................................................................... 17
Configuration ....................................................................................................... 18
5.1
Device Function ............................................................................................. 18
5.2
Authentication Methods ............................................................................... 19
5.3
Customizing Text and Messages ................................................................... 19
Known Limitations and Security .......................................................................... 20
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6.1
Zero Stop ....................................................................................................... 20
6.2
User Interface ................................................................................................ 20
6.3
Bypassing the System .................................................................................... 20
6.4
No support for card readers for authentication ........................................... 21
Advanced Configuration ...................................................................................... 21
7.1
Config Editor .................................................................................................. 21
7.2
Setting an explicit PaperCut Server Network Address .................................. 21
8
How it works ........................................................................................................ 23
9
FAQ & Troubleshooting ....................................................................................... 23
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1 Overview
This manual provides an overview of the installation, configuration and operation of
PaperCut’s embedded software MFD (Multi-Function Device) solutions. Today’s
MFDs are smarter – they have touch screens and offer the ability to run applications
directly on the device. The goal of PaperCut Software’s embedded MFD solution is
to leverage these smart devices and to provide walk-up copier users with the same
set of rich application features provided in the print control area. These include:





End user authentication including integration with single sign-on environments
Monitoring and control of photocopying, scanning and faxing (quotas, charging,
allocation and logging)
Allocation of copying, scanning and faxing to accounts/departments/costcenters/projects
Release jobs from a hold/release queue (secure printing)
Group based access control: Limit access to the device to members of selected user
groups.
Highlights of the embedded solution include:
1.1 Consistency:
The embedded solutions are developed in-house by the PaperCut Software
development team. This ensures that the copier interface is consistent with the
workstation print interface, meaning users only have to learn one system.
1.2 Integration:
PaperCut is a single integrated solution where print, internet and copier control are
all managed in the one system. Users have a single account and administrators have
the same level of reporting and administration for all services. The embedded
solution interacts with the PaperCut server using a Service Oriented Architecture
(SOA) and web services based protocols.
1.3 Rate of development:
PaperCut is developed under a release-often policy where new features are made
available to users as soon as they are complete. Unlike hardware based solutions,
new versions can be delivered to users regularly as software updates.
1.4 Vendor Neutral:
PaperCut remains true to its vendor neutral stance. All embedded solutions are
equal and support all server OS’s including Windows, Linux and Mac.
1.5 Security:
A large percentage of PaperCut’s user base is in Education environments where
security is important. All embedded solutions are developed with security in mind.
Where security objectives can’t be satisfied, any deficiencies are fully disclosed.
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2 End User Information
Due to the limitations of Xerox devices compromises have to be made when having
Xerox devices work with PaperCut.
Logging into the device in order to access the copying and printing functionality
requires special attention and system administrators should first familiarize
themselves with the procedures and then educate their users about the operation of
the device.
The main limitation is the user interface for logging into the device, which is limited
to 2 basic text entry fields. These fields are:


User ID – the first field displayed
Account ID – the second field display
These fields are used for username/password and ID/PIN entry, and can be renamed
through the Xerox configuration settings.
When using shared accounts for department, project, customer billing, the user
must enter the account code to charge copying to. However there are no fields
available which means the account-code must be entered into the same field as the
username or ID number. This is described in detail in section 2.3.
This is a limitation of the Xerox Network Accounting (JBA) module, and is confusing
for users.
2.1 Logging in with Username and Password
If the device is configured for username/password authentication then the
username is entered in the “User ID” field and the password is entered in the
“Account ID” field.
These fields can be renamed to something more appropriate. This is described in the
Installation instructions.
2.2 Logging in with Identity Number and Optional PIN
When Identity Number authentication is enabled the Identity Number is entered in
the “User ID” field. If the device is configure to require PIN entry, then the PIN is
entered in the “Account ID” field.
If no PIN number is required, then the “Account ID” field should be disabled and not
displayed to the user.
These fields can be renamed to something more appropriate. This is described in the
Installation instructions.
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2.3 Selecting Shared accounts using the account code
The Xerox provides a limited login interface that only provides 2 data entry fields,
and these are used to enter the username/password or the ID/PIN. To enter an
account-code, this must be entered in the same field as the username or ID number,
separated by a period (.), hash (#), or asterisk (*) character. The period can be
entered via the on-screen keyboard whereas the hash and asterisk characters can be
conveniently entered via the keypad located on the device.
For example, for the user “john” to login and select an account with code “789”, the
following are examples for correct input in the “User ID” prompt.
john#789
john*789
john.789
3 Installation
This section covers the installation of the PaperCut embedded application for
compatible Xerox devices. The embedded application will allow the control, logging
and monitoring of walk-up off-the-glass copier usage and may serve as a print
release station for network prints (for information on just tracking network printing
see the PaperCut user manual).
3.1 Xerox Device Compatibility
For photocopier tracking, PaperCut supports any multi-function Xerox device that
has the “Xerox Network Accounting” module enabled (Network Accounting is also
known as JBA accounting). The “Network Accounting” module is often included with
the device, but for some devices is it necessary to have this enabled by your Xerox
supplier. Please contact your Xerox supplier for details.
Secure print release and find-me printing is also supported on Xerox devices. The
“automatically release all jobs on device login” will work on all devices. It works by
automatically releasing print jobs when a user logs into the device.
3.2 Requirements
Ensure that the following points are checked off before getting started:




PaperCut is installed and running on your network. Please see the ‘Introduction ->
Quick Start Guide’ section of the PaperCut user manual for assistance.
Your Xerox MFD requires that the “Network Accounting” is installed/enabled
including off-box authentication support. (Network accounting is also known as JBA
accounting or off-box validation.) You may need to contact Xerox to enable this
functionality.
Have available the network name and IP address of the system running PaperCut
(e.g. the print server).
Ensure that the Xerox MFD is connected to the network.
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Have available the network address of the Xerox MFD. It is recommended that the
MFD is configured with a static IP.
3.3 Setup Procedure
3.3.1
Introduction
This procedure describes the setup of the Xerox Network Accounting module. The
specific steps, screen layouts and button/label name can differ between device
models. However the general process is the same for all devices.
NOTE 1: The screens and menus shown in this document differ between device
models. The menus may be located and named slightly differently on different
devices.
NOTE 2: Xerox devices also have an embedded web server that provides a
convenient administration interface. Depending on the device, some of the
following on-screen settings may have equivalent settings in the web interface from
where they can be configured.
3.3.2
Networking/Firewall Configuration
Ensure that your networking/firewall configuration allows:


3.3.3
inbound connections from the Xerox devices to the PaperCut server on ports 9191
and 9192.
outbound connections from the PaperCut server to the Xerox device on ports 80 and
443.
Configure Accounting Settings
To proceed with the configuration:
1. On the Xerox device, press the “Log In/Out” button.
2. Log in as system administrator; the standard login data for system administrators
are the username “11111” and the password “x-admin” unless previously configured
otherwise.
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3. Select “Tools” > “Accounting” and press “Accounting Type …”
4. Select “Network Accounting” option. NOTE: If the “Network Accounting” option is
not listed then the “Network Accounting” module may not be installed on your
copier. Contact your Xerox supplier to get this installed/enabled.
5. Select the “Verify User Details” option and verify that this is enabled for “Copying”.
NOTE: On some models this option is called “Code entry validation”.
6. Click on the “Customize User Prompts” button that appears.
7. Depending on your needs:
a. For most configurations you will want to enable both the “User ID” and
“Account ID” prompts, because these are used for username/password
entry or ID/pin entry. To enable both fields, select “Display User ID &
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Account ID Prompts”.
b. If you are using ID authentication without PINs, then you can enable just the
User ID prompt, and select “Display User ID Prompt Only”.
8. Press “Save” and “Save” again.
3.3.4
Configure Field Names and Password/PIN Masking
The field names can be altered to better describe their usages. So instead of being
called “User ID” or “Account ID”, these fields should be relabeled. E.g. to
“Username” and “Password”, or “ID Number” and “PIN”.
You can also configure the fields to be masked with “*” characters to protect
sensitive passwords or PINs. It is recommended to enable masking for sensitive
fields.
To change field names and enable password/PIN masking:
1. On the “Tools” screen, again select “Accounting” and this time select “Accounting
Login Screen Settings …”
2. Select the “Alternative Name for …” option to configure the field names.
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3. Select the masking option for the “Account ID” field from the “Mask Account ID
(***)” menu option.
4. Press “Close”.
3.3.5
Configure Release Station Settings
Note: This feature is only available on devices supporting the Apeos Integration Plus
(AIP) -version 2.1 or later - functionality, typically supported by FujiXerox devices
sold in the Asia-Pacific region.
1. On the “Tools” screen, select “System Settings” on the right and select “Web
Application Service Setup” from the “Group” list (you may have to scroll down and
select “Server Setup …” from the “Features” list.
2. Select an item in the list not used (i.e. has “Current Settings” set to “(Not Set)” and
press “Change Settings”, e.g. “Web Application Server 1”.
3. Enter “http://<papercut-server-ip>:9191/device/xerox/release” and press “Save”
where <your-papercut-server> is the IP address of your PaperCut server.
4. Set the server name by highlighting “Server Name”, pressing “Change Settings”,
entering “PaperCut” and clicking “Save”.
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5. Select “Use User ID”, press “Change Settings”, select “No” and press “Save”. The
result should look like the first row in this screenshot:
6. Press “Close” and “Close” again.
For users’ convenience, accessing the print release station functionality can be
configured to be access via the “Custom 2” button located below the “Copy” button.
1. On the “Tools” screen select “System Settings”, then select “Common Service
Settings” and “Screen/Button Settings …”
2. Select “Custom Button 2” and press “Change Settings”.
3. Press “Web Application Server 1” or the item number of the Web Application Server
setting.
4. Press “Save”, “Close” and “Close” again.
The “Custom 2” button should be labeled “Print Release” with a self-adhesive label
on the device panel.
3.3.6
PaperCut Settings
1. Log in to the PaperCut administration interface using a web browser (e.g.
http://papercut-server:9191/admin ).
2. Navigate to ‘Options -> Advanced’ and ensure the option ‘Enable external hardware
integration’ is enabled.
3. Press ‘Apply’.
4. Navigate to the ‘Devices’ tab.
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5. Click “Create Device”.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Enter a descriptive name for the device under “Device name”.
Enter the Xerox device’s IP address under “Hostname/IP”.
Optionally enter location/department information.
From the “Type” drop down, select “Xerox Multi-Function Device”.
Under “Function” tick “Track & control copying” and “Enable release station”.
Click “OK”.
4 Post-install testing
After completing installation and basic configuration it is recommended to perform
some testing of the common usage scenarios. This important for two reasons:
1. To ensure that the embedded application is working as expected
2. To familiarize yourself with the features and functionality of PaperCut and
the embedded application.
This section outlines four test scenarios that are applicable for most organizations.
Please complete all the test scenarios relevant for your site.
4.1 Test Preparation
To complete these tests it is recommended you use two test users so that each can
be configured differently. These users are:


‘testusersimple’ – is used to perform basic copier monitoring and control and to
perform print release tests.
‘testuseradvanced’ – is used to perform copier monitoring and control with the
account selection enabled (i.e. to charge copying to accounts/departments/costcenters/etc).
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To setup these users in PaperCut:
1. Create the ‘testusersimple’ and ‘testuseradvanced’ users in your Active Directory or
LDAP directory.
2. Login to the PaperCut’s admin web interface
3. Go to the “Options->User/Group sync” page and press “Synchronize Now”.
4. Once the sync is complete, the users will be added to PaperCut.
The next step is to configure the users. To configure ‘testusersimple’:
1. In PaperCut, select the “Users” tab
2. Select the ‘testusersimple’ user.
3. Set the user’s balance to $50.00 and verify the account is set to “Restricted”.
4. Verify that this user is set to “Automatically charge to personal account” in
the “Account selection” options.
5. Press the “OK” button to save.
To configure ‘testuseradvanced’:
1. In PaperCut, select the “Users” tab
2. Select the ‘testuseradvanced’ user.
3. Change the “Account Selection” option to “Standard account selection
popup” and enable all the account selection options.
4. Press the “OK” button to save.
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4.2 Scenario 1: Standard copying
Standard copying involves monitoring/charging printing to a user’s personal account.
This is the most commonly used for student printing or basic staff monitoring. Users
can also be configured for unrestricted printing, which is commonly used for
staff/employee use.
At the photocopier:
1. The photocopier should be showing the services screen as shown below, if
not press the “All Services” button at the side of the screen:
2. Press “Copy”.
3. Enter the username (‘testusersimple’) and password in the login fields.
4. At this point the copier will be enabled for usage.
5. Follow the onscreen instructions and perform some test copying, i.e. press
the “Copy” key on the device and perform a copy as normal.
6. Once completed copying press the “Logout” button on the device’s keypad.
Back in the PaperCut application verify that the copier activity was recorded and the
user’s account deducted.
1. Log in to PaperCut.
2. Select the device from the “Devices” tab.
3. Select the “Job Log” tab. This will list all recent copying activity on the copier.
The copying just performed as the test user should be listed. Verify the
details of the copy job that was just performed.
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4. Click on the user’s name in the user column to view the user’s account details
5. Select the “Job Log” tab to display all print/copy activity for the user.
6. Select the “Transaction History” tab and verify that the cost of the
photocopying was deducted from the user’s account.
4.3 Scenario 2: Copying with account selection
For this test the Account ID prompt has to have been enabled as described in the
“Installation” chapter of this manual.
Firstly a test account should be created:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Log into PaperCut, select the “Accounts” tab.
Select the “Create a new account…” action link on the left.
Enter an account name “Test Account 1”.
Enter PIN/Code “2233”.
Select the “Security” tab and allow all users to access that account by adding
the “*All Users+” group.
6. Press “OK”.
At the photocopier:
1. The photocopier should be showing the services screen as shown below, if
not press the “All Services” button at the side of the screen:
2. Press “Copy”.
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3. Enter the username and the account code in the first field, separated by
either a period, hash (#) or asterisk (*). The hash and asterisk characters can
be conveniently entered from the keypad located next to the screen. Here is
an example entering the account code of “2233” :
testuseradvanced#2233
4. Press “Next”. You will be prompted the users password. Enter the password
and press “Enter”.
5. At this point the copier will be enabled for usage. Follow the onscreen
instructions and perform some test copying. I.e. press the “Copy” key on the
device and perform a copy as normal.
6. Once completed copying press “Logout” button.
Back in the PaperCut application verify that the copier activity was recorded and the
user’s account deducted.
1. Log in to PaperCut
2. Select the device from the “Devices” tab
3. Select the “Job Log” tab. This will list all recent copying activity on the copier.
The copying just performed as the test user should be listed.
4. Verify the details of the job (i.e. that the job was charged to the selected
account).
5. In the log details, click on the “Charged To” account name to view the
account’s details.
6. Selecting the “Job Log” tab will display all print/copy activity for the account,
and will show the test photocopying that was performed.
4.4 Scenario 3: Print release
The embedded application may also be used for print release. For full description of
PaperCut hold/release queues and release stations, please read the PaperCut
manual.
Note: This feature is only available on devices that support the ability to display
HTML web pages on the device.
Skip this scenario if hold/release queues will not be used at your site.
To perform print release testing a hold/release queue must be enabled:
1. In PaperCut, select the “Printers” tab.
2. Select the print queue (i.e. not the ‘device’) for the Xerox MFD that will be
used for testing.
3. Enable the “Hold/release queue” option.
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4. Press OK/Apply to save the changes. All printing to this queue will now be
held until released by a user.
The photocopier device must also be enabled as a “Print Release Station”:
1.
2.
3.
4.
In PaperCut, select the “Devices” tab.
Select the Xerox MFD’s device.
Under “Device Function” tick “Enable release station”.
Select the print queue that was enabled for hold/release above. The Xerox
device will allow jobs on the selected queues to be released.
5. Press “OK” to save.
6. Login to a computer workstation as ‘testusersimple’.
7. Print a few jobs to the print queue that was configured above. The jobs will
be held in the hold/release queue.
8. Confirm that the jobs are held, by checking that the jobs are listed in the
“Printers -> Jobs Pending Release” page of the PaperCut administration
interface.
9. Confirm that the username is ‘testusersimple’.
At the device:
5. Press the “Custom 2” button.
6. Enter the username (‘testusersimple’) and password in the login fields.
7. The list of held print jobs is displayed.
8. Select the job to release by pressing the “Select” button next to it.
9. Confirm the release of the print job by pressing the “Print Job” button.
10. The job will then print.
11. Try cancelling a job by selecting it and then selecting the “Cancel Job” button.
12. The job will be cancelled, and will not print.
13. Once completed press the “Logout” button on the device keypad.
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4.5 Scenario 4: Scanning and faxing
Xerox devices can also scan documents and send them by email. If a phone line is
attached, they can send faxes. You can enable tracking scanning and faxing. Users
can be prevented from scanning or faxing when they are out of credit.
To enable tracking of scans and faxes:
1. In PaperCut, select the “Devices” tab.
2. Select the MFD device.
3. Under “Device function” tick “Track & control scanning” and tick “Track &
control faxes”.
4. Select the charging type “advanced” in both cases and set some numbers for
page costs and thresholds. The cost after the threshold should be lower than
the standard cost as it represents a volume discount. As an example, the
screen shot below shows that the first page of a fax is charged at $0.20 and
any subsequent page at $0.10.
At the photocopier, log in and scan a few documents and send a few faxes. At the
end, make sure to press the “Logout” button on the device’s keypad.
In the PaperCut administration interface verify that the scan and fax activities were
recorded and the user’s account was deducted. This can be done as follows:
1. Log in to the PaperCut administration interface.
2. Select the device from the “Devices” tab.
3. Select the “Job Log” tab. This will list all recent activity on the copier,
including copying, scanning and faxing. The jobs just performed as the test
user should be listed. Verify the details of the jobs that were just performed.
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4. Click on the user’s name in the user column to view the user’s account
details.
5. Select the “Job log” tab to display all activity for the user.
6. Select the “Transaction History” tab and verify that the cost of the scans and
faxes was deducted from the user’s account.
5 Configuration
After completing the Installation section and registering the device with PaperCut, it will have been
configured with reasonable default settings that are suitable for most environments. This section
covers how to change the default settings. All the following settings are available via the device’s
‘Summary’ tab in the PaperCut administration interface.
5.1 Device Function
The device function setting defines which functions will be available on the device and how it will be
used. Not all function settings are supported on all devices.
Each device function is discussed in the following table.
Device Function
Description
Track & control copying
The device will track walk-up off-the-glass copying.
Track & control scanning
The device will track scanning such as scan-to-email or scan-tofile.
Track & control faxing
The device will track the sending of faxes.
Enable release station
The device will act as a print release station.
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NOTE: Release station functionality is currently only available on Xerox models that support the
embedded web browser. See section 3.1 Xerox Device Compatibility.
5.2 Authentication Methods
PaperCut supports a number of different ways to authenticate users who walk-up to the devices to
perform copying. The default authentication method is username and password authentication.
The available authentication methods can be modified in the ‘External Device Settings ->
Authentication methods’ section.
Authentication methods available for a device
Not all authentication methods are supported on all devices. A grayed-out option indicates that the
option is not supported on this device.
Each authentication method is discussed in the following table.
Authentication Method
Description
Username and password
The user may use their domain/network username and password to log
into the device.
Identity number
The user may log in with their identity number. Identity numbers are
convenient when usernames are long or cumbersome to enter. For
example, rather than entering a username like ‘john.smith.001’, it may
be more convenient to enter an employee ID of ‘1234’. See the
PaperCut user manual for information about user identity numbers,
including importing identity numbers from an external source.
Identity number ->
Require PIN
When a user logs in with their identity number, they must also provide
their associated PIN. This provides additional security for identity
number logins.
Automatically login as
user
Specifies that this device should always automatically log in as the given
user. This option overrides all other authentication methods
Description of authentication methods
5.3 Customizing Text and Messages
PaperCut allows some text that appears in the device to be customized. The custom text might
include instructions or terminology that is more appropriate for the site. An example of text that is
customizable is the “welcome text” that displays before the user logs in to the device.
The text can be customized by editing the device configuration from the PaperCut administration
interface. For more details see the Advanced Configuration section.
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6 Known Limitations and Security
The Xerox environment has a number of limitations that have impacted on functionality and
security.
6.1 Zero Stop
In an ideal implementation, PaperCut would be able to control exactly how many pages a
user can copy and always prevent the user from overdrawing there account. The Xerox
Network Accounting environment has some limitations in controlling copying.
PaperCut will only enable the copier when an authorized user has authenticated at the
device (and has enough credit to begin copying). If a restricted user attempts to login and
they have no available credit, they will be denied access to photocopying. However, the
Xerox environment has the following limitation:

Once the user starts copying it is not possible to forcibly stop the copying and log them out
of the system.
The implication of this limitation is:

Restricted users with available credit can start copying and continue copying even once they
have used their credit. Their copier usage will still be recorded in PaperCut and the cost will
be deducted from their account (which will go into negative balance).
This is a limitation of the Xerox Network Accounting module.
6.2 User Interface
The user interface displayed during the user login on the Xerox device is very limited, as
follows:



Only 2 fields are available for device login. No customization of these fields is available. To
allow user’s to login we need to accept up to 3 pieces of information, and there is only 2
fields. This means we use need to overload one field to enter 2 pieces of information. e.g.
the username and the account code, entered like “username#account-code”. See section 2
for more information.
No facility to display login error messages when a user fails to login. This limitation means
there is no way to communicate the reason for a failed login. Possible reasons for a failed
login include:
o Invalid username/password.
o User selected an unknown shared account.
o User selected a shared account they were not permitted to use.
o The user did not have available credit in their account.
No facility to display instructions/help for the user.
These are limitations of the Xerox Network Accounting Module.
6.3 Bypassing the System
It is important that the administrators take care to prevent users from bypassing the system
and directly accessing the copier.
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To ensure the system is secure administrations should take the following precautions:

The copier’s built in admin password should be changed from the default and always kept
secure.
6.4 No support for card readers for authentication
Unfortunately the Xerox Network Accounting / JBA system does not support card-readers
for authentication. This is a limitation of the Xerox hardware and embedded environment.
PaperCut cannot support card-readers on Xerox’s unless it is supported in future Xerox
models.
7 Advanced Configuration
7.1 Config Editor
The common configuration options for a device in PaperCut are available on the device’s
‘Summary’ tab, and are discussed in more detail in the Configuration section. This section
covers the more advanced or less common configuration options which are available via the
‘Config Editor (Advanced)’ tab.
Config name
Description
ext-device.xerox.showaccount-confirmation
Determines whether the confirmation screen is displayed before granting
access to the device. Set to “N” to disable the welcome screen.
ext-device.xerox.limitreference.paper-size
PaperCut will deny device access to restricted users who do not have
enough balance to copy. To determine if a user has enough balance to
copy a reference copy is required. By default PaperCut checks if the user
has enough balance to copy one single sided Letter (North America) or A4
(worldwide) page. In some situations it may be desirable to change the
reference copy, such as when the device allows smaller page sizes like A5.
and
ext-device.xerox.limitreference.duplex
Default for ext-device. xerox.limit-reference.duplex: N (No)
Default for ext-device. xerox.limit-reference.paper-size in North America:
Letter
Default for ext-device. xerox.limit-reference.paper-size worldwide: A4
7.2 Setting an explicit PaperCut Server Network Address
The copier connects to the PaperCut server to validate user credentials, display print jobs
for release, etc. The device makes inbound network connections to the PaperCut server
using a network address of the PaperCut server. By default PaperCut will use the server’s IP
address (if the server has multiple IPs then PaperCut will select one of them), but on some
networks this address may not be publicly accessible from other parts of the network.
If the PaperCut server has a “public” IP address or DNS name then you can this can be used
instead, which allows the copiers to use the “public” network address instead of the IP
address that PaperCut detects. To do this:
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





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Login to PaperCut
Go to the "Options" tab.
Select "Config Editor (Advanced)", from the action links on the left.
Find the "system.network-address" setting.
Enter the public network address for the PaperCut server.
Press the "Update" button next to the setting and confirm the setting is updated.
To have this change take effect immediately, restart the PaperCut Application Server service
(i.e. on Windows use: Control Panel->Admin Tools->Services).
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8 How it works
The following section gives a brief overview of the internal workings of PaperCut’s on-board
solution for Xerox devices. It’s provided as background information and may be useful for
technical administrators troubleshooting problems.
Typical function workflow:
1. A user logs into the MFP via the panel. The MFP is configured to contact PaperCut (via SOAP
web sevices) to verify login information (as opposed to using the in-built PIN authentication
in the device).
2. The user ID and password is validated and devices access is granted as appropriate.
3. If “release jobs on login” is enabled any waiting jobs are immediately queued for printing.
(called secure print release or find-me printing)
4. If the user performs any device functions such as Copy, Fax or Scan, these are recorded
against the user ID in the device’s onboard logs.
5. At regular periods (e.g. every minute) PapeCut contacts the device looking for new log
entries (logs are downloaded via HTTP using JBA network accounting).
6. Any new log entries are analyzed and recorded in PapeCut’s usage database. Any cost
associated with the usage is charged from the user’s account (or their selected Shared
Account).
9
FAQ & Troubleshooting
PaperCut shows an error status for the device. What could cause this?
In the “Devices” list the Xerox device may appear with an error status (hover your mouse
over the status to see the full status message). The status message will help understand
the cause of the error. The most common cause of problems is due to a networking issue,
to resolve:



Verify that the device network address (or IP) is entered correctly in PaperCut
Verify that networking and firewalls allow PaperCut to establish a connection to the device
on ports 80 and 443.
Verify that networking and firewall settings allow the device to establish connections to the
PaperCut server on ports 9191 and 9192.
Another common cause of errors is that “Network Accounting / JBA” has not been
enabled/configured on the device. Ensure that the Network Accounting is enabled as
described in section 3.3.
Another possible cause of problems is if the device firmware does not support the “Off-box
validation” features required by PaperCut. This feature should be available for recent Xerox
copiers supporting “Network Accounting”, however sometimes a firmware upgrade is
required.
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How often does PaperCut poll for accounts?
Account validation is done in real-time using the Xerox authentication web services
methods. Hence and changes made to Shared Accounts, user rights, or user passwords are
available immediately.
How often does PaperCut poll for job activity?
After PaperCut detects a login it will check for the completion of the job(s) every 2 minutes.
Hence on average the job will appear in, and be charged by PaperCut on average no longer
than a minute after the job completes and the user logs out of the copier.
During no activity, the copier status is checked every 10 minutes.
Can I use a hostname rather than an IP address in the URL’s when configuring the release
station settings?
Using a hostnames relies on the MFD using your DNS and ensuring that your DNS is correctly
configured. The quickest failsafe option is to use the server’s IP. If you have advanced
networking skills, you may wish to investigate using a hostname.
The device displays an error when authenticating the user.
The most likely cause of problems is that the device cannot establish a connection to the
PaperCut server. Make sure that your networking/firewalls allow network connections from
the device to the PaperCut server on ports 9191 and 9192.
If your PaperCut server has multiple IP addresses or you use NAT on your network, see
section 7.2 on how to explicitly configure the PaperCut server’s network address.
The device status shows “Connecting to server ‘<servername/ip>’?
This indicates that the web browser is unable to connect to the PaperCut server over the
network.
Common causes of this problem are:



The PaperCut application server is not running.
There are firewalls or network routing configuration that is stopping the network connection
being established. Check that for firewalls on the PaperCut server or with your network
administrator.
There is a network outage that is stopping the connection being established. Try accessing
the web interface on the Ricoh to check that a network connection can be established.
I see an error on the Xerox LCD screen?
This may indicate networking issue, a configuration issue, or maybe a software bug. Recheck your settings and restart the MFD (i.e. power off and power on the copier). If
problems continue, contact PaperCut Support.
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My users have symbols in their passwords and/or it’s difficult to enter their usernames.
What options do I have?
The Shift button will offer addition symbols. Use of this is however cumbersome. You may
wish to instruct your users to change their network passwords so they only contain standard
characters. Another option is to enable the ID/Pin authentication option. This may be used
in addition or as a replacement to username and password authentication and can be
limited to numbers only.
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