12 NSC110MPD-32KZLK000.book

12 NSC110MPD-32KZLK000.book
12 NSC110MPD-32KZLK000.book
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This manual should be considered a permanent part of the scooter and
should remain with the scooter when it is resold.
This publication includes the latest production information available
before printing. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make
changes at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written
permission.
The vehicle pictured in this owner’s manual may not match your actual
vehicle.
© 2012 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
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Welcome
Congratulations on your purchase of a new
Honda scooter. Your selection of a Honda
makes you part of a worldwide family of
satisfied customers who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
To ensure your safety and riding pleasure:
● Read this owner’s manual carefully.
● Follow all recommendations and
procedures contained in this manual.
● Pay close attention to safety messages
contained in this manual and on the
scooter.
●
The following codes in this manual indicate
each country.
● The illustrations here in are based on the
NSC110MPD ED type.
Country Codes
Code
E
F
ED
Country
UK
France
European direct sales
*The specifications may vary with each locale.
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A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very
important. Operating this scooter safely is an
important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about
safety, we have provided operating
procedures and other information on safety
labels and in this manual. This information
alerts you to potential hazards that could
hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to
warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a scooter. You
must use your own good judgement.
You will find important safety information in
a variety of forms, including:
● Safety labels on the scooter
● Safety Messages preceded by a safety alert
symbol and one of three signal words:
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
3 DANGER
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY
HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
3 WARNING
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY
HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
3 CAUTION
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow
instructions.
Other important information is
provided under the following titles:
NOTICE Information to help you avoid
damage to your scooter, other
property, or the environment.
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Contents
Scooter Safety
P. 2
Operation Guide
P. 18
Maintenance
P. 35
Troubleshooting
P. 70
Information
P. 81
Specifications
P. 91
Index
P. 94
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Scooter Safety
This section contains important information for safe riding of your scooter.
Please read this section carefully.
Safety Guidelines .........................................P. 3
Image Labels.................................................P. 6
Safety Precautions .....................................P. 11
Riding Precautions .....................................P. 12
Accessories & Modifications......................P. 15
Loading .......................................................P. 16
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Safety Guidelines
Safety Guidelines
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets and protective
apparel significantly reduce the number and
severity of head and other injuries. So always
wear an approved motorcycle helmet and
protective apparel. 2 P. 11
Before Riding
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other scooters, practice
riding in a safe area to become familiar with
how this scooter works and handles, and to
become accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Ride Defensively
Always pay attention to other vehicles around
you, and do not assume that other drivers see
you. Be prepared to stop quickly or perform an
evasive maneuver.
Make sure that you are physically fit, mentally
focused and free of alcohol and drugs. Check
continued 3
Scooter Safety
Follow these guidelines to enhance your safety:
● Perform all routine and regular inspections
specified in this manual.
● Stop the engine and keep sparks and flame
away before filling the fuel tank.
● Do not run the engine in enclosed or partly
enclosed areas. Carbon monoxide in exhaust
gases is toxic and can kill you.
that you and your passenger are both wearing
an approved motorcycle helmet and protective
apparel. Instruct your passenger on holding
onto the grab rail or your waist, leaning with
you in turns, and keeping their feet on the
footpegs, even when the scooter is stopped.
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Safety Guidelines
Make Yourself Easy to See
Scooter Safety
Make yourself more visible, especially at night,
by wearing bright reflective clothing,
positioning yourself so other drivers can see
you, signaling before turning or changing lanes,
and using your horn when necessary.
Ride within Your Limits
Never ride beyond your personal abilities or
faster than conditions warrant. Fatigue and
inattention can impair your ability to use good
judgement and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
alcoholic drink can reduce your ability to
respond to changing conditions, and your
reaction time gets worse with every additional
drink. Don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your
friends drink and ride either.
4
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your scooter properly
maintained and in safe riding condition.
Inspect your scooter before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance. Never
exceed load limits (2 P. 16), and do not modify
your scooter or install accessories that would
make your scooter unsafe (2 P. 15).
If You are Involved in a Crash
Personal safety is your first priority. If you or
anyone else has been injured, take time to
assess the severity of the injuries and whether it
is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency
assistance if needed. Also follow applicable
laws and regulations if another person or
vehicle is involved in the crash.
If you decide to continue riding, first evaluate
the condition of your scooter. If the engine is
still running, turn it off. Inspect for fluid leaks,
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Safety Guidelines
3 WARNING
Scooter Safety
check the tightness of critical nuts and bolts,
and check the handlebar, brake levers, brakes,
and wheels. Ride slowly and cautiously. Your
scooter may have suffered damage that is not
immediately apparent. Have your scooter
thoroughly checked at a qualified service facility
as soon as possible.
Carbon monoxide gas is toxic.
Breathing it can cause
unconsciousness and even kill you.
Avoid any areas or activities that
expose you to carbon monoxide.
Carbon Monoxide Hazard
Exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide,
a colourless, odorless gas. Breathing carbon
monoxide can cause loss of consciousness and
may lead to death.
If you run the engine in confined or even partly
enclosed area, the air you breathe could contain
a dangerous amount of carbon monoxide.
Never run your scooter inside a garage or other
enclosure.
5
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Image Labels
Image Labels
Scooter Safety
The following pages describe the label
meanings. Some labels warn you of
potential hazards that could cause serious
injury. Others provide important safety
information. Read this information carefully
and don’t remove the labels.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read,
contact your dealer for a replacement.
There is a specific symbol on each label.
The meanings of each symbol and label are
as follows.
6
Read instructions contained in Owner’s
Manual carefully.
Read instructions contained in Shop Manual
carefully. In the interest of safety, take the
scooter to be serviced only by your dealer.
DANGER (with RED background)
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if
you don’t follow instructions.
WARNING (with ORANGE background)
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if
you don’t follow instructions.
CAUTION (with YELLOW background)
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow
instructions.
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Image Labels
continued 7
Scooter Safety
BATTERY LABEL
DANGER
• Keep flame and spark away from the battery.
Battery produce explosive gas that can cause
explosion.
• Wear the eye protection and rubber gloves when
handling the battery, or you can get burned or
lose your eyesight by the battery electrolyte.
• Do not allow children and other people to touch
a battery unless they understand proper
handling and hazards of the battery very well.
• Handle the battery electrolyte with extreme care
as it contains dilute sulfuric acid. Contact with
your skin or eyes can burn you or cause loss of
your eyesight.
• Read this manual carefully and understand it
before handling the battery. Neglect of the
instructions can cause personal injury and
damage to the scooter.
• Do not use a battery with the electrolyte at or
below the lower level mark. It can explode
causing serious injury.
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Image Labels
Scooter Safety
ACCESSORIES AND LOADING WARNING LABEL
WARNING
ACCESSORIES AND LOADING
• The safety stability and handling of this scooter may be affected by
the addition of accessories and luggage.
• Read carefully the instructions contained in user’s manual and
installation guide before installing any accessory.
• The total weight of accessories and luggage added to rider’s and
passenger’s weight should not exceed 165 kg (364 lb), which is
the maximum weight capacity.
• The luggage weight must not exceed 15 kg (33 lb) under any
circumstances.
• The fitting of large fork-mounted or large handlebar mounted
fairing is not recommended.
8
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Image Labels
Scooter Safety
TYRE INFORMATION LABEL
Cold tyre pressure:
[Driver only]
Front
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)
Rear
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)
[Driver and passenger]
Front
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)
Rear
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)
Tyre size:
Front
80/90-16M/C 43P
Rear
90/90-14M/C 46P
Tyre brand: CHENG SHIN
Front
C-922F
Rear
C-922R
SAFETY REMINDER LABEL
For your protection, always wear helmet, protective apparel.
FUEL LABEL
Unleaded petrol only.
continued 9
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Image Labels
Scooter Safety
CARGO LIMIT LABEL
Do not exceed 10 kg (22 lb).
CARGO LIMIT LABEL
Do not exceed 3.0 kg (6.6 lb).
CARGO LIMIT LABEL
Do not exceed 1.5 kg (3.0 lb).
10
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Safety Precautions
Safety Precautions
● Face shield with unobstructed field of vision
handlebars and feet on the floor.
● Keep passenger’s hands on the grab rail or
your waist, passenger’s feet on the footpegs
while riding.
● Always consider the safety of your passenger,
as well as other drivers and riders.
Protective Apparel
Make sure that you and any passenger are
wearing an approved motorcycle helmet, eye
protection, and high-visibility protective
clothing. Ride defensively in response to
weather and road conditions.
❙ Helmet
Safety-standard certified, high-visibility, correct
size for your head
● Must fit comfortably but securely, with the
chin strap fastened
3 WARNING
Not wearing a helmet increases the
chance of serious injury or death in a
crash.
Scooter Safety
or other approved eye protection
● Ride cautiously and keep your hands on the
Make sure that you and any passenger
always wear an approved helmet and
protective apparel.
❙ Gloves
Full-finger leather gloves with high abrasion
resistance
❙ Boots or Riding Shoes
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles and ankle
protection
❙ Jacket and Trousers
Protective, highly visible, long-sleeved jacket
and durable trousers for riding (or a protective
suit).
11
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Riding Precautions
Riding Precautions
Scooter Safety
Running-in Period
During the first 500 km (300 miles) of running,
follow these guidelines to ensure your scooter’s
future reliability and performance.
● Avoid full-throttle starts and rapid
acceleration.
● Avoid hard braking.
● Ride conservatively.
Brakes
Observe the following guidelines:
● For full brake effectiveness, operate both the
front and rear brakes together.
● Avoid excessively hard braking.
u Sudden braking can reduce the scooter’s
stability.
u Where possible, reduce speed before
turning; otherwise you risk sliding out.
12
● Exercise caution on low traction surfaces.
u The tyres slip more easily on such surfaces
and braking distances are longer.
● Avoid continuous braking.
u Repeated braking, such as when
descending long, steep slopes can
seriously overheat the brakes, reducing
their effectiveness.
❙ Combined Brake System (CBS)
Your scooter is equipped with a brake system
that distributes the braking force between the
front and rear brakes.
The distribution of the braking force applied to
the front and rear brakes when operating the
front brake lever only and when operating the
rear brake lever only is different.
For full braking effectiveness, operate both the
brake lever together.
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Riding Precautions
❙ Wet or Rainy Conditions
Parking
● Park on a firm, level surface.
● If you must park on a slight incline or loose
surface, park so that the scooter cannot
move or fall over.
● Make sure that high-temperature parts
cannot come into contact with flammable
materials.
● Do not touch the engine, muffler, brakes and
other high-temperature parts until they cool
down.
● To reduce the likelihood of theft, always lock
the handlebar and remove the key when
leaving the scooter unattended. Use of an
anti-theft device is also recommended.
❙ Parking with the Side Stand or Centre Stand
1. Stop the engine.
2. Use the side stand
Push the side stand down.
Slowly lean the scooter to the left until its
weight rests on the side stand.
Use the centre stand
Let down the centre stand, stand on the left
side of the scooter. Hold the left handle grip
and the left grab rail. Press down on the tip of
the stand with your right foot
and,simultaneously, pull up and back.
Scooter Safety
Road surfaces are slippery when wet, and wet
brakes further reduce braking efficiency.
Exercise extra caution when braking in wet
conditions.
If the brakes get wet, apply the brakes while
riding at low speed to help them dry.
continued 13
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Riding Precautions
Scooter Safety
Left handle grip
Grab rail
Centre stand
3. Turn the handlebar fully to the left.
u Turning the handlebar to the right reduces
stability and may cause the scooter to fall.
4. Turn the ignition switch to the LOCK position
and remove the key. 2 P. 25
14
Refuelling and Fuel Guidelines
Follow these guidelines to protect the engine
and catalytic converter:
● Use only unleaded petrol.
● Use recommended octane number. Using
lower octane petrol will result in decreased
engine performance.
● Do not use fuels containing a high
concentration of alcohol. 2 P. 83
● Do not use stale or contaminated petrol or an
oil/petrol mixture.
● Avoid getting dust, or water in the fuel tank.
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Accessories & Modifications
We strongly advise that you do not add any
accessories that were not specifically designed
for your scooter by Honda or make
modifications to your scooter from its original
design. Doing so can make it unsafe.
Modifying your scooter may also void your
warranty and make your scooter illegal to
operate on public roads and highways. Before
deciding to install accessories on your scooter
be certain the modification is safe and legal.
3 WARNING
Improper accessories or modifications
can cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Scooter Safety
Accessories &
Modifications
Follow all instructions in this owner’s
manual regarding accessories and
modifications.
Do not pull a trailer with, or attach a sidecar to,
your scooter. Your scooter was not designed for
these attachments, and their use can seriously
impair your scooter’s handling.
15
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Loading
Loading
Scooter Safety
16
● Carrying extra weight affects your scooter’s
handling, braking and stability. Always ride at
a safe speed for the load you are carrying.
● Avoid carrying an excessive load and keep
within specified load limits.
2 Maximum weight capacity / Maximum
luggage weight P. 91
● Tie all luggage securely, evenly balanced and
close to the centre of the scooter.
● Do not place objects near the lights or the
muffler.
3 WARNING
Overloading or improper loading can
cause a crash and you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
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Scooter Safety
17
Operation Guide
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Basic Operation Flow
❙ Pre-ride Inspection (P40)
Operation Guide
Carefully inspect your scooter to make
sure that it is safe to ride.
❙ Acceleration (P28)
Apply throttle gradually.
Obey the speed limit.
❙ Starting the Engine (P26)
Start and warm the engine.
Avoid revving the engine.
How to use basic features.
• Instruments (P22)
• Switches (P24)
• Steering Lock (P25)
18
❙ Starting the
Scooter (P28)
Before pulling away, indicate
your direction with the turn
signal switch, and check for
oncoming traffic.
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❙ Braking (P29)
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❙ Parking (P13)
Park on a firm level surface.
Use the stand and lock the
steering.
❙ Stopping
If pulling off the road, signal early
enough to show traffic that you are
pulling over, and pull over smoothly.
❙ Turning Corners
Operation Guide
Close the throttle and apply the
front and rear brakes together.
u The brake lights will indicate
that you have applied the
brakes.
❙ Refuelling (P30)
Do your braking
before entering
corners.
Gradually reapply throttle
when exiting turn.
19
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Parts Location
Document compartment
Document bag
(P33)
Operation Guide
Centre compartment (P33)
Throttle grip
Front brake fluid reservoir (P62)
CBS brake fluid reservoir
(P62)
Front centre cover
Battery
Fuse box
(P51)
(P53)
(P80)
Inner rack
(P34)
Shopping hook
(P34)
Helmet holder
(P32)
Spark plug
(P55)
Engine oil drain bolt
(P59)
Engine oil fill cap/dipstick (P58)
20
(P68)
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(P34)
Helmet holder
(P32)
Seat
(P32)
Tool kit
(P50)
Rear Carrier
(P32)
Fuel fill cap
(P30)
Seat lock
(P32)
Operation Guide
Inner rack
Crankcase breather (P54)
Oil strainer screen cap (P59)
Centre stand
Side stand
(P13)
(P67)
21
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Instruments
Operation Guide
Fuel gauge
Needle in the red mark, remaining
fuel approximately 1.3 litres
(0.34 US gal, 0.29 Imp gal)
Speedometer
• This is shows your speed in kilometer
per hour (km/h) and/or miles per hour
(mph) depend on type.
Odometer
• Odometer: Total distance ridden.
22
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Indicators
Operation Guide
PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel
Injection) malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL)
Comes on briefly when the ignition
switch is turned on.
If it comes on while engine is
running: (P72)
Turn signal indicator
High beam indicator
23
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Switches
Operation Guide
Start button
Turn signal switch
u Pressing the switch turns the
turn signal off.
Horn button
Headlight dimmer switch
•
: High beam
•
: Low beam
24
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Ignition Switch
Switches the electrical system on/off, locks the
steering.
ON
u Key can be removed when in the OFF or LOCK
position.
Turns engine off.
Turns electrical system on for starting/riding.
LOCK
Locks steering.
Steering Lock
Lock the steering when parking to help
prevent theft.
A U-shaped wheel lock or similar device is
also recommended.
!a
❙ Locking
Operation Guide
OFF
!a Turn the handlebars all the way to the left.
!b Push the key down, and turn the ignition
switch to the LOCK position.
u Jiggle the handlebars if the lock is difficult
to engage.
!c Remove the key.
❙ Unlocking
Push
!b
Turn
Insert the key, push it in, and turn the
ignition switch to the OFF position.
Ignition key
25
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Starting the Engine
Operation Guide
Start your engine using the following
procedure, regardless of whether the engine
is cold or warm.
This scooter is equipped with a side stand
ignition cut-off system.
u If the side stand is down, the engine cannot
be started.
u If you lower the side stand with the engine
running, it will automatically shut off.
NOTICE
• If the scooter is transported to a place 2,000 m (6,500
feet) higher or lower than the start point, you may not
be able to achieve sufficient engine performance at the
new altitude. Consult your dealer before transporting
your scooter.
!a Place the scooter on its centre stand.
!b Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
NOTICE
• If the engine does not start within 5 seconds, turn the
ignition off and wait 10 seconds before trying to start
the engine again to recover battery voltage.
• Extended fast idling and revving the engine can
damage the engine, and the exhaust system.
Consult your dealer for advice if you plan to
ride your scooter at an altitude above 2,500
m (8,000 feet).
26
!b
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!d Press the start button with the throttle
completely closed. Release the start button
as soon as the engine starts.
If you cannot start the engine:
!a Place the scooter on its centre stand and
squeeze the rear brake lever.
!b With the throttle slightly open (about 3
mm), press the start button.
About 3 mm
Operation Guide
!c Squeeze the rear brake lever.
u The starter motor will only work when
the rear brake lever is squeezed and the
side stand is up.
If the engine does not start:
!c
!d
!a Open the throttle fully and press the start
button for 5 seconds.
!b Repeat the normal starting procedure.
!c If the engine starts, open the throttle slightly
if idling is unstable.
!d If the engine does not start, wait 10 seconds
before trying steps !a & !b again.
❙ If Engine Will Not Start (P71)
27
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Riding
Operation Guide
Starting the Scooter
!d Acceleration and deceleration
!a Push the scooter forward off the centre
stand.
u Squeeze the rear brake lever.
u Keep throttle closed.
To accelerate.......Open the throttle slowly.
Make sure the side stand and centre stand
are up.
!b Get on the scooter.
u Mount the scooter from the left side,
keeping at least one foot on the ground.
!c Release the rear brake lever.
28
To decelerate.......Close the throttle.
Open (Accelerate)
Close (Decelerate)
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Braking
Rear brake lever
Operation Guide
Close the throttle and apply the front and
rear brakes together.
Front brake lever
29
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Refuelling
Operation Guide
Fuel type: Unleaded petrol only
Fuel octane number: Your scooter is
designed to use Research Octane Number
(RON) 91 or higher.
Tank capacity: 5.5 litres (1.45 US gal, 1.21
lmp gal)
Fuel fill cap
Arrow marks
Filler neck
Fuel level (max)
Fuel filler
opening
❙ Refuelling and Fuel Guidelines (P14)
Opening the Fuel Fill Cap
!a Open the seat. 2 P. 32
!b Turn the fuel fill cap counterclockwise until
it stops and remove the cap.
30
Do not fill with fuel above the filler neck.
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Closing the Fuel Fill Cap
!b Close the seat.
3 WARNING
Operation Guide
!a Install and tighten the fuel fill cap firmly by
turning it clockwise.
u Make sure that the arrow marks on the
cap and fuel tank is aligned.
Petrol is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
• Stop the engine, and keep heat,
sparks, and flame away.
• Handle fuel only outdoors.
• Wipe up spills immediately.
31
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Storage Equipment
Operation Guide
Helmet holders
The helmet holders are located under the
seat.
u Use the helmet holders only when parked.
Ignition key
Rear carrier
Never exceed the maximum weight limit.
Maximum Weight: 3.0 kg (6.6 lb)
3 WARNING
Seat lock
Seat Open
Insert the ignition key into the seat lock and
turn it clockwise to unlock.
Seat Close
Close and push down on the rear of the
seat until locks. Make sure that the seat is
locked securely to pull it up lightly.
32
Riding with a helmet attached to the
holder can interfere with the rear
wheel or suspension and could cause a
crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
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Document bag
The tool kit is in the reverse side of the seat.
The document bag is in the document
compartment in the centre compartment.
Rubber strap
Document bag
Tool kit
Rubber strap
Operation Guide
Tool Kit
Centre
compartment
Centre compartment
Never exceed the maximum weight limit.
Maximum Weight: 10 kg (22 lb)
Document compartment
u Do not store any items that are flammable or
susceptible to heat damage.
continued 33
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Storage Equipment (Continued)
Operation Guide
Shopping Hook
Inner Rack
The shopping hook is provided below the
handlebar.
The inner rack is provided below the
handlebar.
u Do not attach large luggage to the hook that
would hang out from the scooter and/or
interfere with the movement of your feet.
Inner rack
Shopping hook
34
The maximum allowable load on the
shopping hook and on the inner rack shall be
no more than 1.5 kg (3.0 lb).
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Maintenance
Please read “Importance of Maintenance” and “Maintenance Fundamentals”
carefully before attempting any maintenance. Refer to “Specifications” for service
data.
Importance of Maintenance ..................... P. 36
Maintenance Schedule .............................. P. 37
Maintenance Fundamentals ..................... P. 40
Tool kit ....................................................... P. 50
Removing & Installing Body Components ...P. 51
Front Centre Cover ................................... P. 51
Clip........................................................... P. 52
Battery...................................................... P. 53
Crankcase Breather.................................... P. 54
Spark Plug .................................................. P. 55
Engine Oil ...................................................P. 58
Brakes .........................................................P. 62
Side Stand...................................................P. 67
Throttle .......................................................P. 68
Other Adjustments ....................................P. 69
Headlight Aim ...........................................P. 69
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Importance of Maintenance
Importance of Maintenance
Maintenance
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
absolutely essential to your safety and to
protect your investment, obtain maximum
performance, avoid breakdowns, and reduce air
pollution. Maintenance is the owner’s
responsibility. Be sure to inspect your scooter
before each ride, and perform the periodic
checks specified in the Maintenance Schedule.
2 P. 37
3 WARNING
Improperly maintaining your scooter
or failing to correct a problem before
you ride can cause a crash in which
you can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
schedules in this owner’s manual.
36
Maintenance Safety
Always read the maintenance instructions
before you begin each task, and make sure that
you have the tools, parts, and skills required.
We cannot warn you of every conceivable
hazard that can arise in performing
maintenance. Only you can decide whether or
not you should perform a given task.
Follow these guidelines when performing
maintenance.
● Stop the engine and remove the key.
● Park your scooter on a firm, level surface
using the side stand, centre stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
● Allow the engine, muffler, brakes, and other
high-temperature parts to cool before
servicing as you can get burned.
● Run the engine only when instructed, and do
so in a well-ventilated area.
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Maintenance Schedule
The maintenance schedule specifies the
maintenance requirements necessary to
ensure safe, dependable performance, and
proper emission control.
Honda recommends that your dealer should
road test your scooter after each periodic
maintenance is carried out.
Maintenance
Maintenance work should be performed in
accordance with Honda’s standards and
specifications by properly trained and
equipped technicians. Your dealer meets all
of these requirements. Keep an accurate
record of maintenance to help ensure that
your scooter is properly maintained. Make
sure that whomever performs the
maintenance completes this record.
All scheduled maintenance is considered a
normal owner operating cost and will be
charged for by your dealer. Retain all
receipts. If you sell the scooter, these receipts
should be transferred with the scooter to the
new owner.
continued 37
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Maintenance Schedule
Items
Pre-ride
Check × 1,000 km
2 P. 40 × 1,000 mi
Frequency *1
1
4
0.6
2.5
I
Fuel Line
Maintenance
Fuel Level
I
Throttle Operation
I
Air Cleaner *2
8
5
12
7.5
I
I
Annual
Check
Regular
Replace
I
–
30
I
I
I
Every 16,000 km (10,000 mi) R
I
68
–
Crankcase Breather *3
54
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
R
R
Spark Plug
Valve Clearance
I
Engine Oil
55
–
R
58
Engine Oil Strainer Screen
Engine Idle Speed
Drive Belt
Final Drive oil
*4
Maintenance Level
: Intermediate. We recommend service by your dealer, unless
you have the necessary tools and are mechanically skilled.
Procedures are provided in an official Honda Shop Manual.
: Technical. In the interest of safety, have your scooter serviced
by your dealer.
38
Refer to
page
59
I
I
I
I
Every 8,000 km (5,000 mi) I
Every 24,000 km (15,000 mi) R
I
–
–
2 Years
Maintenance Legend
I : Inspect (clean, adjust, lubricate, or replace, if necessary)
R : Replace
: Clean
–
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Maintenance Schedule
Items
Pre-ride
Check × 1,000 km
2 P. 40 × 1,000 mi
Frequency *1
1
4
0.6
2.5
8
5
12
7.5
Annual
Check
Regular
Replace
2 Years
Refer to
page
Brake Fluid *4
I
I
I
I
I
Brake Shoes/Pads Wear
I
I
I
I
I
63, 66
Brake System
I
40
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
–
Headlight Aim
I
I
I
I
69
I
–
I
Clutch Shoes Wear
Side Stand
I
Suspension
Wheels/Tyres
Steering Head Bearings
I
–
I
I
I
I
67
I
I
I
I
–
I
Nuts, Bolts, Fasteners
I
I
I
I
Maintenance
I
Brake Light Switch
Lights/Horn
I
62
I
–
I
I
46
I
I
–
Notes:
*1 : At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.
*2 : Service more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
*3 : Service more frequently when riding in rain or at full throttle.
*4 : Replacement requires mechanical skill.
39
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Maintenance Fundamentals
Pre-ride Inspection
Maintenance
40
To ensure safety, it is your responsibility to
perform a pre-ride inspection and make sure
that any problem you find is corrected. A preride inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even a
flat tyre, can be a major inconvenience.
Check the following items before you ride
your scooter:
● Fuel level-Fill fuel tank when necessary.
2 P. 30
● Throttle-Check for smooth opening and
full closing in all steering positions. 2 P. 68
● Engine oil level-Add engine oil if necessary.
Check for leaks. 2 P. 58
●
Brakes-Check operation;
Front: check brake fluid level and pads
wear. 2 P. 62, 63
CBS: check brake fluid level. 2 P. 62
Rear: check shoes wear and freeplay,
adjust if necessary. 2 P. 64, 66
● Lights and horn-Check that lights,
indicators and horn function properly.
● Side stand ignition cut-off system-Check
for proper function. 2 P. 26, 67
● Wheels and tyres-Check condition, air
pressure and adjust if necessary. 2 P. 46
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Maintenance Fundamentals
Replacing Parts
Colour label
Maintenance
Always use Honda Genuine Parts or their
equivalents to ensure reliability and safety.
When ordering coloured components, specify
the model name, colour, and code mentioned
on the colour label. The colour label is attached
to the centre compartment under the seat.
2 P. 32
3 WARNING
Installing non-Honda parts may make
your scooter unsafe and cause a crash
in which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use Honda Genuine Parts or
equivalents that have been designed
and approved for your scooter.
41
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Maintenance Fundamentals
Battery
Maintenance
Your scooter has a maintenance-free type
battery. You do not have to check the battery
electrolyte level or add distilled water. Clean the
battery terminals if they become dirty or
corroded.
Do not remove the battery cap seals. There is no
need to remove the cap when charging.
NOTICE
Your battery is a maintenance-free type and can be
permanently damaged if the cap strip is removed.
This symbol on the battery means that
this product must not be treated as
household waste.
NOTICE
An improperly disposed of battery can be harmful to the
environment and human health.
Always confirm local regulations for battery disposal.
42
3 WARNING
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the battery
to explode with enough force to kill or
seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a face
shield, or have a skilled mechanic do
the battery servicing.
❙ Cleaning the Battery Terminals
1. Remove the battery. 2 P. 53
2. If the terminals are starting to corrode and
are coated with a white substance, wash with
warm water and wipe clean.
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Maintenance Fundamentals
3. If the terminals are heavily corroded, clean
and polish the terminals with a wire brush or
sandpaper. Wear safety glasses.
Fuses
❙ Inspecting and Replacing Fuses
4. After cleaning, reinstall the battery.
The battery has a limited life span. Consult your
dealer about when you should replace the
battery. Always replace the battery with
another maintenance-free battery of the same
type.
NOTICE
Installing non-Honda electrical accessories can overload
the electrical system, discharging the battery and possibly
damaging the system.
Turn off the ignition switch to remove and
inspect fuses. If a fuse is blown, replace with a
fuse of the same rating. For fuse ratings, see
“Specifications.” 2 P. 93
Maintenance
Fuses protect the electrical circuits on your
scooter. If something electrical on your scooter
stops working, check for and replace any blown
fuses. 2 P. 80
Blown fuse
NOTICE
Replacing a fuse with one that has a higher rating greatly
increases the chance of damage to the electrical system.
continued 43
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Maintenance Fundamentals
If a fuse fails repeatedly, you likely have an
electrical fault. Have your scooter inspected by
your dealer.
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for engine
oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines. There are
two classes: MA and MB. For example, the
following label shows the MB classification.
Maintenance
Engine Oil
Engine oil consumption varies and oil quality
deteriorates according to riding conditions and
time elapsed.
Check the engine oil level regularly, and top off
if necessary. Dirty oil or old oil should be
changed as soon as possible.
❙ Selecting the Engine Oil
For recommended engine oil, see
“Specifications.” 2 P. 92
If you use non-Honda engine oil, check the label
to make sure that the oil satisfies all of the
following standards:
● JASO T 903 standard*1: MB
● SAE standard*2: 10W-30
● API classification*3: SG or higher
44
*1.
Oil code
Oil classification
*2.
*3.
The SAE standard grades oils by their viscosity.
The API classification specifies the quality and
performance rating of engine oils. Use SG or
higher oils, excluding oils marked as “Energy
Conserving” on the circular API service symbol.
Not recommended
Recommended
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Maintenance Fundamentals
Brake Fluid
NOTICE
Brake fluid can damage plastic and painted surfaces.
Wipe up spills immediately and wash thoroughly.
Service more frequently when riding in rain, at
full throttle, or after the scooter is washed or
overturned. Service if the deposit level can be
seen in the transparent section of the drain
tube.
Maintenance
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except in an
emergency. Use only fresh brake fluid from a
sealed container. If you do add fluid, have the
brake system serviced by your dealer as soon as
possible.
Crankcase Breather
Recommended brake fluid:
Honda DOT 3 or DOT 4 Brake Fluid or
equivalent
45
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Maintenance Fundamentals
Tyres (Inspecting/Replacing)
❙ Checking the Air Pressure
Maintenance
Visually inspect your tyres and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at
least once a month or any time you think the
tyres look low. Always check air pressure when
your tyres are cold.
❙ Inspecting for Damage
Inspect the tyres for
cuts, slits, or cracks
that exposes fabric or
cords, or nails or
other foreign objects
embedded in the side
of the tyre or the
tread. Also inspect for
the bumps or bulges in the side walls of the
tyres.
46
❙ Inspecting for Abnormal Wear
Inspect the tyres for
signs of abnormal
wear on the contact
surface.
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Maintenance Fundamentals
❙ Inspecting Tread Depth
Inspect the tread wear indicators. If they
become visible, replace the tyres immediately.
For safe riding, you should replace the tyres
when the minimum tread depth is reached.
3 WARNING
Follow all instructions in this owner’s
manual regarding tyre inflation and
maintenance.
Wear indicator
location mark
Maintenance
Riding on tyres that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can cause
a crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Germany
German law prohibits use of tyres whose tread
depth is less than 1.6 mm.
continued 47
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Maintenance Fundamentals
Maintenance
48
Have your tyres replaced by your dealer.
For recommended tyres, air pressure and
minimum tread depth, see “Specifications.”
2 P. 92
Follow these guidelines whenever you replace
tyres.
● Use the recommended tyres or equivalents of
the same size, construction, speed rating,
and load range.
● Have the wheel balanced with Honda
Genuine balance weights or equivalent after
the tyre is installed.
● Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tyre on
this scooter. Excessive heat build-up can
cause the tube to burst.
● Use only tubeless tyres on this scooter. The
rims are designed for tubeless tyres, and
during hard acceleration or braking, a tubetype tyre could slip on the rim and cause the
tyre to rapidly deflate.
3 WARNING
Installing improper tyres on your
scooter can adversely affect handling
and stability, and can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of tyres
recommended in this owner’s manual.
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Maintenance Fundamentals
Air Cleaner
Maintenance
This scooter is equipped with a viscous type air
cleaner element.
Air blow cleaning or any other cleaning can
degrade the viscous element performance and
cause the intake of dust.
Do not perform the maintenance.
Should be serviced by your dealer.
49
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Tool kit
The tool kit is in reverse side of the seat.
2 P. 33
Maintenance
50
You can perform some roadside repairs,
minor adjustments and parts replacement
with the tools contained in the kit.
●
8 × 12 mm Open end wrench
10 × 14 mm Open end wrench
● No. 2 Phillips screwdriver
● Screwdriver grip
●
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Removing & Installing Body Components
❙ Removal
Front Centre Cover
Front centre cover
Screws
1. Remove the screws and clip. 2 P. 52
2. Remove the front centre cover.
❙ Installation
Install the parts in the reverse order of
removal.
Maintenance
The front centre cover must be removed for
battery and fuse maintenance, and front turn
signal light assembly removal.
Clip
51
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Removing & Installing Body Components u Clip
❙ Installation
Clip
Maintenance
The clip must be removed to remove the
front centre cover and front turn signal light
assembly.
❙ Removal
!b
!a
!c
!b
1. Press down on the centre pin to release
the lock.
2. Pull the clip out of the hole.
52
!a
1. Slightly open the retaining pawls and then
push them out.
2. Insert the clip into the hole.
3. Press down on the centre pin to lock the
clip.
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Removing & Installing Body Components u Battery
❙ Removal
Battery
Negative terminal
Battery holder
Screw
Positive terminal
Maintenance
Battery
Make sure the ignition switch is off.
1. Remove the front centre cover. 2 P. 51
2. Remove the battery holder by removing
the screw.
3. Disconnect the negative - terminal from
the battery.
4. Disconnect the positive + terminal from
the battery.
5. Pull out the battery taking care not to
drop the terminal nuts.
❙ Installation
Install the parts in the reverse order of
removal. Always connect the positive +
terminal first. Make sure that bolts and nuts
are tight.
For proper handling of the battery, see
“Maintenance Fundamentals.” 2 P. 42
Battery Goes Dead 2 P. 74
53
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Crankcase Breather
Maintenance
54
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube.
2. Remove the crankcase breather tube and
drain deposits.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube.
Crankcase
breather
tube
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Spark Plug
Checking Spark Plug
Centre cover
Screws
For the recommended spark plug, see
“Specifications.” 2 P. 92
Maintenance
Use only the recommended type of spark
plug in the recommended heat range.
NOTICE
Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause
engine damage.
1. Remove the screws.
2. Remove the centre cover by inserting a
flat head screwdriver covered with a
protective cloth into the slit on the bottom
of the centre cover.
Slit
Protective cloth
continued 55
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Spark Plug u Checking Spark Plug
Maintenance
3. Disconnect the spark plug cap.
4. Clean any dirt from around the spark plug
base.
5. Remove the spark plug using the spark
plug wrench provided in the tool kit.
u Clean a carbon or wet-fouled plug with
a plug cleaner, otherwise use a wire
brush.
7. Check the spark plug gap using a wiretype feeler gauge.
u If adjustment is necessary, bend the
side electrode carefully.
The gap should be:
0.80 to 0.90 mm (0.031 to 0.035 in)
Side electrode
Spark plug cap
6. Inspect the electrodes and centre
porcelain for deposits, erosion or carbon
fouling.
u If the erosion or deposit is heavy,
replace the plug.
56
Spark plug cap
8. Make sure the plug washer is in good
condition.
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Spark Plug u Checking Spark Plug
12. Install the parts in the reverse order of
removal.
Maintenance
9. With the plug washer attached, thread
the spark plug in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
10. Tighten the spark plug:
● If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats
● If installing a new plug, tighten it twice
to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK: 1/2 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 3/4 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
NOTICE
Improperly tightened spark plugs can damage the engine.
If a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged. If a plug
is too tight, the threads may be damaged.
11. Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care
avoid pinching any cables or wires.
57
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Engine Oil
Checking the Engine Oil
Maintenance
58
1. Park your scooter on its centre stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, idle the engine for 3
to 5 minutes.
3. Turn the ignition switch off, stop the
engine and wait 2 to 3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe it
clean.
5. Insert the oil fill cap/dipstick until it seats,
but don’t screw it in.
Check that the oil level is between the
upper and lower level marks in the oil fill
cap/dipstick.
6. Securely install the oil fill cap/dipstick.
Oil fill cap/dipstick
Upper level
Lower level
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Engine Oil u Adding Engine Oil
Adding Engine Oil
For the recommended oil and oil selection
guidelines, see “Maintenance
Fundamentals.” 2 P. 44
Maintenance
If the engine oil is below or near the lower
level mark, add the recommended engine oil.
2 P. 92
1. Add the recommended oil until it reaches
the upper level mark.
u Place your scooter on its centre stand
on a firm, level surface when checking
the oil level.
u Do not overfill above the upper level
mark.
u Make sure no foreign objects enter the
oil filler opening.
u Wipe up any spills immediately.
2. Securely reinstall the oil fill cap/dipstick.
NOTICE
Overfilling with oil or operating with insufficient oil can
cause damage to your engine. Do not mix different brands
and grades of oil. They may affect lubrication.
Changing Engine Oil,
Cleaning Strainer Screen
Changing the oil and cleaning the strainer
screen requires special tools. We recommend
that you have your scooter serviced by your
dealer.
1. Park your scooter on its centre stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, idle the engine for 3
to 5 minutes.
continued 59
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Engine Oil u Changing Engine Oil, Cleaning Strainer Screen
Maintenance
3. Turn the ignition switch off, stop the
engine and wait for 2 to 3 minutes.
4. Place a drain pan under the drain bolt.
5. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick, drain bolt
and sealing washer to drain the oil.
6. Remove the oil strainer screen cap, O-ring,
spring and oil strainer screen and let the
remaining oil drain out.
u Discard the oil at an approved recycling
centre.
7. Clean the oil strainer screen.
8. Check that the oil strainer screen, sealing
rubber and O-ring are in good condition.
9. Install the oil strainer screen, spring and oil
strainer screen cap tighten.
Sealing washer
Drain bolt
Spring
Oil strainer
screen cap
Torque: 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 15 lbf·ft)
O-ring
Oil strainer screen
60
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Engine Oil u Changing Engine Oil, Cleaning Strainer Screen
10. Install a new sealing washer onto the
drain bolt.
11. Install the drain bolt and tighten.
Torque: 24 N·m (2.4 kgf·m, 18 lbf·ft)
Required oil
When changing oil &
cleaning the strainer screen:
0.8 litres (0.8 US qt, 0.7 Imp qt)
When changing oil only:
0.7 litres (0.7 US qt, 0.6 Imp qt)
Maintenance
12. Fill the crankcase with the recommended
oil (2 P. 44) and install the oil fill cap/
dipstick.
13. Check the oil level. 2 P. 58
14. Check that there are no oil leaks.
61
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Brakes
Checking Brake Fluid
Maintenance
1. Place your scooter in an upright position
on a firm, level surface.
2. Check that the brake fluid reservoir is
horizontal and that the fluid level is:
Front brake above the LOWER level mark.
CBS brake between the LOWER level and
UPPER level marks.
If the brake fluid level in either reservoir is
below the lower level mark or the brake lever
freeplay becomes excessive, inspect the
brake pads for wear. If the brake pads are
not worn, you most likely have a leak. Have
your scooter inspected by your dealer.
Front brake
Front brake fluid reservoir
LOWER level mark
CBS brake
CBS brake fluid reservoir
UPPER level mark
LOWER level mark
62
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Brakes u Inspecting the Brake Pads
Inspecting the Brake Pads
Brake pad
Wear
indicator
Disc
Maintenance
Check the condition of the brake pad groove
wear indicators.
The pads need to be replaced if a brake pad
is worn to the bottom of the groove.
1. Inspect the brake pads from in front of the
brake caliper.
If necessary have the pads replaced by your
dealer.
Always replace both left and right brake pads
at the same time.
Wear
indicator
63
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Brakes u Inspecting the Rear Brake Lever Freeplay
Maintenance
Inspecting the Rear Brake Lever
Freeplay
Adjusting the Rear Brake Lever
Freeplay
1. Place the scooter on its centre stand.
2. Measure the distance of the rear brake
lever before the starts to take hold.
Adjust the freeplay of the brake lever with
the front wheel pointed straight ahead.
Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting nut is
seated on the brake arm pin when adjusting
the freeplay.
Freeplay at the tip of the brake
lever: 10 to 20 mm (0.4 to 0.8 in)
Brake arm pin
Freeplay
64
Adjusting nut
If proper adjustment cannot be obtained by
this method, see your dealer.
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Brakes u Adjusting the Rear Brake Lever Freeplay
1. Adjust by turning the rear brake adjusting
nut a half-turn at a time.
Brake arm pin
3. Push the brake arm to confirm that there
is a gap between the rear brake adjusting
nut and brake arm pin.
Brake arm
Decrease
Freeplay
Maintenance
Increase
Freeplay
Push
Pin
Adjusting nut
2. Apply the brake several times and check
for free wheel rotation after the brake
lever is released.
Gap
Adjusting nut
After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of the
brake lever.
NOTICE
Do not turn the adjuster beyond its natural limits.
65
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Brakes u Inspecting the Brake Shoe Wear
Inspecting the Brake Shoe
Wear
Maintenance
The rear brake is equipped with a brake wear
indicator.
Arrow
When the brake service is necessary, see your
dealer. Use only Honda Genuine Parts or its
equivalent.
Reference mark
Brake arm
66
When the brake is applied, an arrow
attached to the brake arm moves toward a
reference mark on the brake panel. If the
arrow aligns with the reference mark on full
application of the brake, the brake shoes
must be replaced.
See your dealer for this service.
Brake panel
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Side Stand
Side stand
spring
Maintenance
4. Sit on the scooter and raise the side stand.
5. Start the engine.
6. Lower the side stand all the way. The
engine should stop as you lower the side
stand. If the engine doesn’t stop, have
your scooter inspected by your dealer.
1. Park your scooter on its centre stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. Check that the side stand operates
smoothly. If the side stand is stiff or
squeaky, clean the pivot area and
lubricate the pivot bolt with clean grease.
3. Check the spring for damage or loss of
tension.
67
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Throttle
Checking the Throttle
Maintenance
With the engine off, check that the throttle
rotates smoothly from fully closed to fully
open in all steering positions and throttle
freeplay is correct. If the throttle does not
move smoothly, close automatically, or if the
cable is damaged, have the scooter inspected
by your dealer.
Freeplay at the throttle grip flange:
2 to 6 mm (0.1 to 0.2 in)
Freeplay
Flange
68
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Other Adjustments
Adjusting the Headlight Aim
Headlight
case
Maintenance
You can adjust vertical aim of the headlight
for proper alignment. To move the headlight
case, loosen the bolt.
Tighten the bolt after adjustment.
Obey local laws and regulations.
Up
Down
Bolt
69
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Troubleshooting
Engine Will Not Start .................................P. 71
Warning Indicators On...............................P. 72
PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel Injection)
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) ............P. 72
Tyre Puncture .............................................P. 73
Electrical Trouble........................................P. 74
Battery Goes Dead.....................................P. 74
Burned-out Light Bulb ...............................P. 74
Blown Fuse................................................P. 80
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Engine Will Not Start
❙ Starter Motor Operates But Engine
Does Not Start
Check the following items:
● Make sure the side stand is raise.
● Check for a blown fuse 2 P. 80
● Check for a loose battery connection or
battery terminal corrosion 2 P. 42
● Check the condition of the battery 2 P. 74
If the problem continues, have your scooter
inspected by your dealer.
Troubleshooting
Check the following items:
● Check the correct engine starting
sequence 2 P. 26
● Check that there is petrol in the fuel tank
● Check if the PGM-FI malfunction indicator
lamp (MIL) is on
u If the indicator light is on, contact your
dealer as soon as possible.
❙ Starter Motor Does Not Operate
71
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Warning Indicators On
PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel
Injection) Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (MIL)
Troubleshooting
72
If the indicator comes on while riding, you
may have a serious problem with the PGM-FI
system. Reduce speed and have your scooter
inspected by your dealer as soon as possible.
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Tyre Puncture
Repairing a puncture or removing a wheel
requires special tools and technical expertise.
We recommend you have this type of service
performed by your dealer.
After an emergency repair, always have the
tyre inspected/replaced by your dealer.
If your tyre has a minor puncture, you can
make an emergency repair using a tubeless
tyre repair kit.
Follow the instructions provided with the
emergency tyre repair kit.
Riding your scooter with a temporary tyre
repair is very risky. Do not exceed 50 km/h
(30 mph). Have the tyre replaced by your
dealer as soon as possible.
Riding your scooter with a temporary
tyre repair can be risky. If the
temporary repair fails, you can crash
and be seriously injured or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary tyre
repair, ride slowly and carefully and
do not exceed 50 km/h (30 mph) until
the tyre is replaced.
Troubleshooting
Emergency Repair Using a Tyre
Repair Kit
3 WARNING
73
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Electrical Trouble
Troubleshooting
Battery Goes Dead
Burned-out Light Bulb
Charge the battery using a motorcycle
battery charger.
Remove the battery from the scooter while
charging.
Do not use an automobile-type battery
charger, as these can overheat a scooter
battery and cause permanent damage.
If the battery does not recover after
recharging, contact your dealer.
Follow the procedure below to replace a
burned-out light bulb.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF or LOCK
position.
Allow the bulb to cool before replacing it.
Do not use bulbs other than those specified.
Check the replacement bulb for correct
operation before riding.
NOTICE
Jump starting using an automobile battery is not
recommended, as this can damage your scooter’s
electrical system.
74
For the light bulb wattage, see
“Specifications.” 2 P. 93
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Electrical Trouble u Burned-out Light Bulb
❙ Headlight Bulb
Socket
Headlight case
Rearview mirrors
Dust covers
1. Pull up the dust covers.
2. Loosen the mirror adapters.
3. Remove the rearview mirrors.
Screws
Screws
Troubleshooting
Mirror
adapter
Mirror
adapter
4. Remove the screws.
5. Remove the headlight case, then pull the
socket off the bulb without turning it.
continued 75
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Electrical Trouble u Burned-out Light Bulb
❙ Position Light Bulb
Screw
Connector
Bolt
Troubleshooting
Pin
Bulb
Dust cover
6. Remove the dust cover.
7. Press the pin down and pull out the bulb
without turning.
8. Install a new bulb and parts in the reverse
order of removal.
Do not touch the glass surface with your
fingers. If you touch the bulb with your bare
hands, clean it with a cloth moistened with
alcohol.
76
Clip
Screws
Screws
Front turn signal light assembly
1. Remove the front centre cover. 2 P. 51
2. Remove the front turn signal light
assembly by removing the screws, bolt
and clip (2 P. 52), then disconnect the
connector.
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Electrical Trouble u Burned-out Light Bulb
Socket
Bulb
❙ Brake/Tail light Bulb
Screws
3. Turn the socket counterclockwise and pull
it out.
4. Pull out the bulb without turning.
5. Install a new bulb and parts in the reverse
order of removal.
Taillight
lens
Troubleshooting
Bulb
1. Remove the taillight lens by removing the
screws.
2. Slightly press the bulb in and turn it
counterclockwise.
3. Install a new bulb and parts in the reverse
order of removal.
u After putting back the lens packing in
place, install the taillight lens.
continued 77
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Electrical Trouble u Burned-out Light Bulb
❙ Front Turn Signal Bulb
❙ Rear Turn Signal Bulb
Socket
Troubleshooting
Bulb
1. Remove the front turn signal light
assembly. 2 P. 76
2. Turn the socket counterclockwise and pull
it out.
3. Slightly press the bulb in and turn it
counterclockwise.
4. Install a new bulb and parts in the reverse
order of removal.
u Use only the amber bulb.
78
Bulb
Screw
Rear turn
signal lens
1. Remove the rear turn signal lens by
removing the screw.
2. Slightly press the bulb in and turn it
counterclockwise.
3. Install a new bulb and parts in the reverse
order of removal.
u Use only the amber bulb.
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Electrical Trouble u Burned-out Light Bulb
u After putting back the lens packing in
place, install the rear turn signal lens.
❙ License Plate Light Bulb
License light cover
Troubleshooting
Bulb
Screws
1. Remove the screws and license light
cover.
2. Pull out the bulb without turning it.
3. Install a new bulb and parts in the reverse
order of removal.
79
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Electrical Trouble u Blown Fuse
Blown Fuse
Before handling fuses, see “Inspecting and
Replacing Fuses.” 2 P. 43
❙ Fuse Box Fuses
Troubleshooting
Fuse box cover
NOTICE
If a fuse fails repeatedly, you likely have an electrical
problem. Have your scooter inspected by your dealer.
Spare fuses
80
1. Remove the front centre cover. 2 P. 51
2. Open the fuse box cover.
3. Pull the main fuse and other fuses out one
by one and check for a blown fuse.
Always replace a blown fuse with a spare
of the same rating.
4. Close the fuse box cover.
5. Install the front centre cover.
Main fuse
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Information
Keys.............................................................P. 82
Instruments, Controls, & Other Features..P. 82
Fuels Containing Alcohol...........................P. 83
Catalytic Converter ....................................P. 84
Caring for Your Scooter.............................P. 85
Storing Your Scooter .................................P. 87
Transporting Your Scooter ........................P. 88
You & the Environment .............................P. 89
Serial Numbers ...........................................P. 90
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Keys
Keys
Instruments, Controls, &
Other Features
Ignition key
Information
Be sure to record the key number provided with
the original keys and record it in this manual.
Store the spare key in a safe location.
To make a duplicate, take the spare key or the
key number to your dealer.
If you lose all keys and the key number, the
ignition switch assembly will probably have to
be removed by your dealer to determine the key
number.
A metal key holder may cause damage to the
area surrounding the ignition switch.
82
Ignition Switch
The headlight is always on when the ignition
switch is on. Leaving the ignition switch on with
the engine stopped will drain the battery.
Do not turn the key while riding.
Document Bag
The owner’s manual, registration, and
insurance information can be stored in the
plastic document bag under the seat.
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Fuels Containing Alcohol
Fuels Containing Alcohol
Some conventional fuels blended with alcohol
are available in some locales to help reduce
emissions to meet clean air standards. If you
plan to use blended fuel, check that it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
NOTICE
Use of blended fuels containing higher than approved
percentages can damage metal, rubber, plastic parts of
your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms or performance problems, try a
different brand of petrol.
Information
The following fuel blends can be used in your
scooter:
● Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) 10% by volume (max).
● Petrol containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name Gasohol.
● Methanol (methyl alcohol) 5% by volume
(max) that contain cosolvents and corrosion
inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Never
use a blend containing more than 5%.
The use of petrol containing more than 10%
ethanol (or more than 5% methanol) may:
● Damage the painting of the fuel tank.
● Damage the rubber tubes of the fuel line.
● Cause corrosion of the fuel tank.
● Cause poor drivability.
83
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Catalytic Converter
Catalytic Converter
Information
84
This scooter is equipped with a three-way
catalytic converter. The catalytic converter
contains precious metals that serve as catalysts
in high temperature chemical reactions that
convert hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide
(CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) in the
exhaust gasses into safe compounds.
A defective catalytic converter contributes to air
pollution and can impair your engine’s
performance. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or equivalent.
Follow these guidelines to protect your
scooter’s catalytic converter.
● Always use unleaded petrol. Leaded petrol
will damage the catalytic converter.
● Keep the engine in good running condition.
● Have your scooter serviced if your engine is
misfiring, backfiring, stalling, or otherwise
not running properly, stop riding and turn off
the engine.
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Caring for Your Scooter
Caring for Your Scooter
Washing
Allow the engine, muffler, brakes, and other
high-temperature parts to cool before washing.
1. Rinse your scooter thoroughly using a garden
hose to remove loose dirt.
2. If necessary, use a sponge or a soft towel
with mild cleaner to remove road grime.
u Clean the headlight lens, panels, and other
plastic components with extra care to
avoid scratching them. Avoid directing
water into the air cleaner, muffler, and
Information
Frequent cleaning and polishing is important to
ensure the life of your Honda. A clean scooter
makes it easier to spot potential problems.
In particular, seawater and salts used to prevent
ice on roads promote the formation of
corrosion. Always wash your scooter
thoroughly after riding on coastal or treated
roads.
electrical parts.
3. Thoroughly rinse your scooter with plenty of
clean water and dry with a soft, clean cloth.
4. After the scooter dries, lubricate any moving
parts.
u Make sure that no lubricant spills onto the
brakes or tyres. Brake disc or pads
contaminated with oil will suffer greatly
reduced braking effectiveness and can
lead to a crash.
5. Apply a coat of wax to prevent corrosion.
u Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents. These can
damage the metal, paint, and plastic on
your scooter.
Keep the wax clear of the tyres and brakes.
u If your scooter has any matte painted
parts, do not apply a coat of wax to the
matte painted surface.
continued 85
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Caring for Your Scooter
❙ Washing Precautions
Information
86
Follow these guidelines when washing:
● Do not use high-pressure washers:
u High-pressure water cleaners can damage
moving parts and electrical parts,
rendering them inoperable.
● Do not direct water at the muffler:
u Water in the muffler can prevent starting
and causes rust in the muffler.
● Dry the brakes:
u Water adversely affects braking
effectiveness. After washing, apply the
brakes intermittently at low speed to help
dry them.
● Do not direct water under the seat:
u Water in the under seat compartment can
damage your documents and other
belongings.
● Do not direct water at the air cleaner:
u Water in the air cleaner can prevent the
engine from starting.
● Do not direct water near the headlight:
u Any condensation inside the headlight
should dissipate after a few minutes of
running the engine.
Aluminium Components
Aluminium will corrode from contact with dirt,
mud, or road salt. Clean aluminium parts
regularly and follow these guidelines to avoid
scratches:
● Do not use stiff brushes, steel wool, or
cleaners containing abrasives.
● Avoid riding over or scraping against curbs.
Panels
Follow these guidelines to prevent scratches
and blemishes:
● Wash gently using a soft sponge and plenty
of water.
● To remove stubborn stains, use diluted
detergent and rinse thoroughly with plenty of
water.
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Storing Your Scooter
● Avoid getting petrol, brake fluid, or
detergents on the instruments, panels, or
headlight.
Exhaust Pipe and Muffler
If you store your scooter outdoors, you should
consider using a full-body motorcycle cover.
If you won’t be riding for an extended period,
follow these guidelines:
● Wash your scooter and wax all painted
surfaces (except matte painted surfaces).
Coat chrome pieces with rust-inhibiting oil.
● Place your scooter on its centre stand and
position a block so that both tyres are off the
ground.
● After rain, remove the body cover and allow
the scooter to dry.
● Remove the battery (2 P. 53) to prevent
discharge.
Charge the battery in a shaded, wellventilated area.
u If you leave the battery in place,
disconnect the negative - terminal to
prevent discharge.
Information
When the exhaust pipe and muffler are painted,
do not use a commercially available abrasive
kitchen cleaning compound. Use a neutral
detergent to clean the painted surface on the
exhaust pipe and muffler. If you are not sure if
your exhaust pipe and muffler are painted,
contact your dealer.
Storing Your Scooter
continued 87
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Transporting Your Scooter
After removing your scooter from storage,
inspect all maintenance items required by the
Maintenance Schedule.
Information
88
Transporting Your Scooter
If your scooter needs to be transported, it
should be carried on a motorcycle trailer or a
flatbed truck or trailer that has a loading ramp
or lifting platform, and motorcycle tie-down
straps. Never try to tow your scooter with a
wheel or wheels on the ground.
NOTICE
Towing your scooter can cause serious damage to the
transmission.
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You & the Environment
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a scooter can be enjoyable,
but you must do your part to protect the
environment.
drain or on the ground. Used oil, petrol, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that can hurt
refuse workers and contaminate drinking
water, lakes, rivers, and oceans.
Choose Sensible Cleaners
Information
Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash
your scooter. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that
contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone
layer.
Recycle Wastes
Put oil and other toxic wastes in approved
containers and take them to a recycling centre.
Call your local or state office of public works or
environmental services to find a recycling centre
in your area, and to get instructions on how to
dispose of non-recyclable wastes. Do not place
used engine oil in the trash, or pour it down a
89
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Serial Numbers
Serial Numbers
Frame number
Information
The frame and engine serial numbers uniquely
identify your scooter and are required in order
to register your scooter. They may also be
required when ordering replacement parts.
The frame number is stamped on the rear of the
frame body inside the centre compartment.
The engine number is stamped on the left side
of the crankcase.
You should record these numbers and keep
them in a safe place.
Engine number
90
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Specifications
Specifications
■ Main Components
Maximum luggage
weight*2
Passenger capacity
Minimum turning
radius
Displacement
108 cm3 (6.59 cu-in)
Bore × stroke
50.0 × 55.0 mm (1.97 × 2.17 in)
Compression ratio 9.5:1
Unleaded petrol
Fuel
Recommended: 91 RON or higher
Tank capacity
5.5 litres (1.45 US gal, 1.21 Imp gal)
YTX7L-BS
Battery
12V-6Ah (10 HR) / 6.3Ah (20 HR)
Primary reduction V-Matic (2.520:1-0.820:1)
Final reduction
10.625
JF31
1,895 mm (74.6 in)
670 mm (26.4 in)
1,115 mm (43.9 in)
1,285 mm (50.6 in)
145 mm (5.7 in)
27º 00´
70 mm (2.8 in)
102 kg (225 lb)
165 kg (364 lb)
15 kg (33 lb)
Centre compartment
Shopping hook and
inner rack
Rear carrier
Rider and 1 passenger
10 kg (22 lb)
1.5 kg (3.0 lb)
Specifications
Type
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Wheelbase
Minimum ground
clearance
Caster angle
Trail
Curb weight
Maximum weight
capacity*1
3.0 kg (6.6 lb)
2.0 m (6.56 ft)
*1 Including rider, passenger, all luggage, and accessories
*2 Includes the weight of the luggage and added accessories.
91
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Specifications
■ Service Data
80/90-16M/C 43P
90/90-14M/C 46P
Tyre type
Bias-ply, tubeless
CHENG SHIN C-922F
Recommended Front
Tyres
Rear
CHENG SHIN C-922R
[Rider only]
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)
Front
[Rider and passenger]
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)
Tyre air pressure
[Rider only]
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)
Rear
[Rider and 1 passenger]
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)
0.8 mm (0.03 in)
Minimum tread Front
depth
Rear
0.8 mm (0.03 in)
CPR8EA-9 (NGK) or
(standard)
U24EPR9 (DENSO)
Spark plug
(For extend
CPR9EA-9 (NGK) or
high speed
U27EPR9 (DENSO)
riding)
0.80 to 0.90 mm (0.031 to
Spark plug gap
0.035 in)
Idle speed
1,700 ± 100 rpm
Tyre size
Specifications
92
Front
Rear
Recommended
engine oil
Engine oil
capacity
Transmission oil
capacity
Recommended
brake fluid
Honda 4-stroke motorcycle oil
API Service Classification SG or higher,
excluding oils marked as “Energy
Conserving,”
SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MB
0.7 litres (0.7 US qt,
After draining
0.6 Imp qt)
After draining &
0.8 litres (0.8 US qt,
cleaning strainer
0.7 Imp qt)
screen
0.8 litres (0.8 US qt,
After disassembly
0.7 Imp qt)
0.14 litres (0.15 US qt,
After draining
0.12 Imp qt)
0.16 litres (0.17 US qt,
After disassembly
0.14 Imp qt)
Honda DOT 3 or DOT 4 Brake Fluid
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Specifications
■ Bulbs
■ Torque Specifications
Headlight
12V-35/35W
Brake/Tail light
12V-21/5W
Front turn signal lights 12V-10W × 2
Rear turn signal lights 12V-10W × 2
Position lights
12V-5W × 2
License plate light
12V-5W
Engine oil drain bolt
Oil strainer screen cap
24 N·m (2.4 kgf·m, 18 lbf·ft)
20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 15 lbf·ft)
■ Fuses
Main fuse
Other fuses
20A
10A
Specifications
93
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Index
Index
A
Accessories ................................................. 15
Index
B
Basic Operation Flow ................................ 18
Battery ................................................. 42, 53
Brakes
Brake Lever Freeplay ................................. 64
Fluid ................................................... 45, 62
Pad Wear ................................................. 63
Shoe Wear ............................................... 66
Braking....................................................... 12
Bulb
Brake/Tail Light......................................... 77
Front Turn Signal ...................................... 78
Headlight ................................................. 75
License Plate Light .................................... 79
Position Light............................................ 76
Rear Turn Signal ....................................... 78
C
Caring for Your Scooter............................ 85
Catalytic Converter.................................... 84
94
Colour label................................................41
Compartment
Owner’s Manual .................................33, 82
Tool Kit...............................................33, 50
E
Electrical Trouble .......................................74
Engine
Number ....................................................90
Oil ......................................................44, 58
Oil Strainer Screen ....................................59
Starting.....................................................26
Environment ..............................................89
F
Flooded Engine..........................................27
Frame Number ...........................................90
Fuel
Gauge ......................................................22
Recommended..........................................30
Remaining ................................................22
Tank Capacity ...........................................30
Fuels Containing Alcohol ..........................83
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Fuses .................................................... 43, 80
G
Gasohol...................................................... 83
H
Headlight Aim........................................... 69
Headlight Dimmer Switch ........................ 24
Helmet Holders ......................................... 32
High Beam Indicator................................. 23
Horn Button .............................................. 24
L
Labels........................................................... 6
M
Maintenance
Fundamentals........................................... 40
Importance............................................... 36
Safety....................................................... 36
Schedule .................................................. 37
Maximum Weight Limit ...................... 16, 91
Modifications............................................. 15
O
Odometer .................................................. 22
Oil
Engine................................................ 44, 58
Index
I
Ignition Cut-off System
Side Stand................................................ 67
Ignition key ............................................... 82
Ignition Switch .................................... 25, 82
Image Labels ............................................... 6
Indicators................................................... 23
Instruments ............................................... 22
Load Limits................................................. 16
Loading Guidelines ................................... 16
P
Parking....................................................... 13
Parts Location ............................................ 20
Petrol.............................................. 14, 30, 91
PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel Injection)
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) .... 23, 72
95
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Protective Apparel .................................... 11
R
Recommended
Fuel .......................................................... 30
Oil ............................................................ 44
Refuelling .................................................. 30
Removal
Clip .......................................................... 52
Front Centre Cover................................... 51
Repair Kit ................................................... 73
Riding Precautions .................................... 12
Index
96
S
Safety Precautions..................................... 11
Seat ............................................................ 32
Serial Numbers .......................................... 90
Side Stand .................................................. 67
Side Stand Ignition Cut-off System .... 26, 67
Specifications............................................. 91
Speedometer ............................................. 22
Start Button ............................................... 24
Starting the Engine ................................... 26
Starting the Scooter ..................................28
Steering Lock .............................................25
Storage
Equipment ................................................32
Owner’s Manual .................................33, 82
Storing Your Scooter .................................87
Switches......................................................24
T
Throttle ......................................................68
Tool kit .................................................33, 50
Transporting Your Scooter........................88
Troubleshooting ........................................70
Turn signal indicator .................................23
Tyres
Air Pressure.........................................46, 92
Puncture ...................................................73
Replacing............................................46, 73
W
Warning Indicator On ...............................72
Washing Your Scooter...............................85
Weight Limit ..............................................16
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