Yamaha Corporation Yamaha X MAX 400 User Manual

Yamaha Corporation Yamaha X MAX 400 User Manual
Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.
OWNER’S MANUAL
YP400R
YP400RA
1SD-F8199-E1
[English (E)]
DIC183
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
EAU50921
Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. This manual should stay with this vehicle if it is sold.
YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
1450-6, Mori, Mori-machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-ken, 437-0292 Japan
DECLARATION of CONFORMITY
We
Company: YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
Address: 1450-6, Mori, Mori-Machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-Ken, 437-0292 Japan
Hereby declare that the product:
Kind of equipment: IMMOBILIZER
Type-designation: 5SL-00
is in compliance with following norm(s) or documents:
R&TTE Directive(1999/5/EC)
EN300 330-2 v1.3.1(2006-01), EN300 330-2 v1.5.1(2010-02)
EN60950-1:2006/A11:2009
Two or Three-Wheel Motor Vehicles Directive(97/24/EC: Chapter 8, EMC)
Place of issue: Shizuoka, Japan
Date of issue: 1 Aug. 2002
Revision record
No.
Contents
To change contact person and integrate type-designation.
1
Version up the norm of EN60950 to EN60950-1
2
To change company name
3
4
Date
9 Jun. 2005
27 Feb. 2006
1 Mar. 2007
version up of the following norm:
• EN300 330-2 v1.1.1 to EN300 330-2 v1.3.1 and EN300 330-2 v1.5.1 8 Jul. 2010
• EN60950-1:2001 to EN60950-1:2006/A11:2009
General manager of quality assurance div.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INTRODUCTION
EAU10114
Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling!
As the owner of the YP400R/YP400RA, you are benefiting from Yamaha’s vast experience and newest technology regarding the design and manufacture of high-quality products, which have earned Yamaha a reputation for dependability.
Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all advantages of your YP400R/YP400RA. The Owner’s
Manual does not only instruct you in how to operate, inspect and maintain your scooter, but also in how to safeguard yourself and others from trouble and injury.
In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help keep your scooter in the best possible condition. If you have any
further questions, do not hesitate to contact your Yamaha dealer.
The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put safety first!
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your scooter and this
manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
EWA12412
WARNING
Please read this manual carefully and completely before operating this scooter.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10134
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury
hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury
or death.
WARNING
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
NOTICE
A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
vehicle or other property.
TIP
A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAUM1012
YP400R/YP400RA
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2013 by MBK INDUSTRIE
1st edition, September 2013
All rights reserved
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
MBK INDUSTRIE
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in France.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION .................. 1-1
Further safe-riding points ............... 1-5
FOR YOUR SAFETY –
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS .............4-1
DESCRIPTION .................................. 2-1
Left view ......................................... 2-1
Right view....................................... 2-2
Controls and instruments ............... 2-3
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT
RIDING POINTS ................................5-1
Starting the engine..........................5-1
Starting off ......................................5-2
Acceleration and deceleration ........5-3
Braking............................................5-3
Tips for reducing fuel
consumption................................5-4
Engine break-in ...............................5-4
Parking ............................................5-5
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS...................................... 3-1
Immobilizer system......................... 3-1
Main switch/steering lock............... 3-2
Indicator lights and warning
lights............................................ 3-3
Speedometer.................................. 3-5
Tachometer .................................... 3-6
Multi-function display ..................... 3-6
Anti-theft alarm (optional) ............. 3-10
Handlebar switches...................... 3-10
Front brake lever .......................... 3-11
Rear brake lever ........................... 3-12
ABS (for ABS models) .................. 3-12
Fuel tank cap ................................ 3-13
Fuel............................................... 3-14
Catalytic converters...................... 3-15
Seat .............................................. 3-16
Storage compartments................. 3-16
Adjusting the shock absorber
assemblies ................................ 3-18
Sidestand ..................................... 3-18
Ignition circuit cut-off system....... 3-19
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT...................................6-1
Owner’s tool kit ...............................6-2
Periodic maintenance chart for the
emission control system..............6-3
General maintenance and
lubrication chart...........................6-4
Removing and installing panels ......6-8
Checking the spark plug ...............6-11
Engine oil and oil filter element .....6-13
Final transmission oil.....................6-15
Coolant..........................................6-16
Air filter elements and check
hoses and V-belt case air filter
element ......................................6-18
Checking the throttle grip free
play ............................................6-20
Valve clearance............................. 6-20
Tires .............................................. 6-21
Cast wheels .................................. 6-22
Checking the front and rear brake
lever free play ............................ 6-23
Checking the front and rear brake
pads .......................................... 6-24
Checking the brake fluid level ...... 6-24
Changing the brake fluid .............. 6-26
Checking and lubricating the
cables........................................ 6-26
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable ............... 6-26
Lubricating the front and rear
brake levers............................... 6-27
Checking and lubricating the
centerstand and sidestand........ 6-27
Checking the front fork................. 6-28
Checking the steering................... 6-29
Checking the wheel bearings ....... 6-29
Battery .......................................... 6-29
Replacing the fuses ...................... 6-31
Replacing a headlight bulb ........... 6-32
Tail/brake light .............................. 6-33
Front turn signal light.................... 6-33
Replacing a rear turn signal light
bulb ........................................... 6-33
Replacing the license plate light
bulb ........................................... 6-34
Auxiliary light ................................ 6-35
Troubleshooting............................ 6-35
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Troubleshooting charts .................6-36
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE....7-1
Matte color caution .........................7-1
Care .................................................7-1
Storage ............................................7-4
SPECIFICATIONS..............................8-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION............9-1
Identification numbers.....................9-1
INDEX...............................................10-1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU1026B
1
Be a Responsible Owner
As the vehicle’s owner, you are responsible for the safe and proper operation of your scooter.
Scooters are single-track vehicles.
Their safe use and operation are dependent upon the use of proper riding
techniques as well as the expertise of
the operator. Every operator should
know the following requirements before riding this scooter.
He or she should:
 Obtain thorough instructions from
a competent source on all aspects
of scooter operation.
 Observe the warnings and maintenance requirements in this Owner’s Manual.
 Obtain qualified training in safe
and proper riding techniques.
 Obtain professional technical service as indicated in this Owner’s
Manual and/or when made necessary by mechanical conditions.
 Never operate a scooter without
proper training or instruction. Take
a training course. Beginners
should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized scooter dealer to find out
about the training courses nearest
you.
Safe Riding
Perform the pre-operation checks
each time you use the vehicle to make
sure it is in safe operating condition.
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of
an accident or equipment damage.
See page 4-1 for a list of pre-operation
checks.
 This scooter is designed to carry
the operator and a passenger.
 The failure of motorists to detect
and recognize scooters in traffic is
the predominating cause of automobile/scooter accidents. Many
accidents have been caused by
an automobile driver who did not
see the scooter. Making yourself
1-1
conspicuous appears to be very
effective in reducing the chance of
this type of accident.
Therefore:
• Wear a brightly colored jacket.
• Use extra caution when you are
approaching
and
passing
through intersections, since intersections are the most likely
places for scooter accidents to
occur.
• Ride where other motorists can
see you. Avoid riding in another
motorist’s blind spot.
• Never maintain a scooter without proper knowledge. Contact
an authorized scooter dealer to
inform you on basic scooter
maintenance. Certain maintenance can only be carried out
by certified staff.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
 Many accidents involve inexperienced operators. In fact, many operators who have been involved in
accidents do not even have a current driver’s license.
• Make sure that you are qualified
and that you only lend your
scooter to other qualified operators.
• Know your skills and limits.
Staying within your limits may
help you to avoid an accident.
• We recommend that you practice riding your scooter where
there is no traffic until you have
become thoroughly familiar with
the scooter and all of its controls.
 Many accidents have been
caused by error of the scooter operator. A typical error made by the
operator is veering wide on a turn
due to excessive speed or undercornering (insufficient lean angle
for the speed).
• Always obey the speed limit and
never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
• Always signal before turning or
changing lanes. Make sure that
other motorists can see you.
 The posture of the operator and
passenger is important for proper
control.
• The operator should keep both
hands on the handlebar and
both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the scooter.
• The passenger should always
hold onto the operator, the seat
strap or grab bar, if equipped,
with both hands and keep both
feet on the passenger footrests.
Never carry a passenger unless
he or she can firmly place both
feet on the passenger footrests.
 Never ride under the influence of
alcohol or other drugs.
 This scooter is designed for onroad use only. It is not suitable for
off-road use.
1-2
Protective Apparel
The majority of fatalities from scooter
accidents are the result of head injuries. The use of a safety helmet is the
single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
 Always wear an approved helmet.
 Wear a face shield or goggles.
Wind in your unprotected eyes
could contribute to an impairment
of vision that could delay seeing a
hazard.
 The use of a jacket, substantial
shoes, trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing
abrasions or lacerations.
 Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
otherwise they could catch on the
control levers or wheels and cause
injury or an accident.
 Always wear protective clothing
that covers your legs, ankles, and
feet. The engine or exhaust system become very hot during or after operation and can cause
burns.
 A passenger should also observe
the above precautions.
1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
1
Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
All engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing
carbon monoxide can cause headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea,
confusion, and eventually death.
Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas which may be present even if you do not see or smell any
engine exhaust. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can collect rapidly and
you can quickly be overcome and unable to save yourself. Also, deadly levels of carbon monoxide can linger for
hours or days in enclosed or poorly
ventilated areas. If you experience any
symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately, get
fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT.
 Do not run engine indoors. Even if
you try to ventilate engine exhaust
with fans or open windows and
doors, carbon monoxide can rapidly reach dangerous levels.
 Do not run engine in poorly ventilated or partially enclosed areas
such as barns, garages, or carports.
 Do not run engine outdoors where
engine exhaust can be drawn into
a building through openings such
as windows and doors.
Loading
Adding accessories or cargo to your
scooter can adversely affect stability
and handling if the weight distribution
of the scooter is changed. To avoid the
possibility of an accident, use extreme
caution when adding cargo or accessories to your scooter. Use extra care
when riding a scooter that has added
cargo or accessories. Here, along with
the information about accessories below, are some general guidelines to follow if loading cargo to your scooter:
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must
not exceed the maximum load limit.
Operation of an overloaded vehicle
could cause an accident.
Maximum load:
YP400R 185 kg (408 lb)
YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb)
1-3
When loading within this weight limit,
keep the following in mind:
 Cargo and accessory weight
should be kept as low and close to
the scooter as possible. Securely
pack your heaviest items as close
to the center of the vehicle as possible and make sure to distribute
the weight as evenly as possible
on both sides of the scooter to
minimize imbalance or instability.
 Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that
accessories and cargo are securely attached to the scooter before riding. Check accessory
mounts and cargo restraints frequently.
• Properly adjust the suspension
for your load (suspension-adjustable models only), and
check the condition and pressure of your tires.
• Never attach any large or heavy
items to the handlebar, front
fork, or front fender. Such items
can create unstable handling or
a slow steering response.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
 This vehicle is not designed to
pull a trailer or to be attached to
a sidecar.
Genuine Yamaha Accessories
Choosing accessories for your vehicle
is an important decision. Genuine
Yamaha accessories, which are available only from a Yamaha dealer, have
been designed, tested, and approved
by Yamaha for use on your vehicle.
Many companies with no connection
to Yamaha manufacture parts and accessories or offer other modifications
for Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in
a position to test the products that
these aftermarket companies produce.
Therefore, Yamaha can neither endorse nor recommend the use of accessories not sold by Yamaha or
modifications not specifically recommended by Yamaha, even if sold and
installed by a Yamaha dealer.
Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, and
Modifications
While you may find aftermarket products similar in design and quality to
genuine Yamaha accessories, recog-
nize that some aftermarket accessories or modifications are not suitable
because of potential safety hazards to
you or others. Installing aftermarket
products or having other modifications
performed to your vehicle that change
any of the vehicle’s design or operation
characteristics can put you and others
at greater risk of serious injury or
death. You are responsible for injuries
related to changes in the vehicle.
Keep the following guidelines in mind,
as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting accessories.
 Never install accessories or carry
cargo that would impair the performance of your scooter. Carefully inspect the accessory before
using it to make sure that it does
not in any way reduce ground
clearance or cornering clearance,
limit suspension travel, steering
travel or control operation, or obscure lights or reflectors.
• Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can
create instability due to improper weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories
1-4
are added to the handlebar or
front fork area, they must be as
lightweight as possible and
should be kept to a minimum.
• Bulky or large accessories may
seriously affect the stability of
the scooter due to aerodynamic
effects. Wind may attempt to lift
the scooter, or the scooter may
become unstable in cross
winds. These accessories may
also cause instability when
passing or being passed by large vehicles.
• Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or
her normal riding position. This
improper position limits the
freedom of movement of the
operator and may limit control
ability, therefore, such accessories are not recommended.
 Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of
the scooter’s electrical system, an
electric failure could result, which
could cause a dangerous loss of
lights or engine power.
1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
1
Aftermarket Tires and Rims
The tires and rims that came with your
scooter were designed to match the
performance capabilities and to provide the best combination of handling,
braking, and comfort. Other tires, rims,
sizes, and combinations may not be
appropriate. Refer to page 6-21 for tire
specifications and more information on
replacing your tires.
cation for the straps carefully so
the straps will not rub against
painted surfaces during transport.
 The suspension should be compressed somewhat by the tiedowns, if possible, so that the
scooter will not bounce excessively during transport.
Transporting the Scooter
Be sure to observe following instructions before transporting the scooter in
another vehicle.
 Remove all loose items from the
scooter.
 Point the front wheel straight
ahead on the trailer or in the truck
bed, and choke it in a rail to prevent movement.
 Secure the scooter with tie-downs
or suitable straps that are attached to solid parts of the scooter, such as the frame or upper
front fork triple clamp (and not, for
example, to rubber-mounted handlebars or turn signals, or parts
that could break). Choose the lo1-5
EAU57600
Further safe-riding points
 Be sure to signal clearly when
making turns.
 Braking can be extremely difficult
on a wet road. Avoid hard braking,
because the scooter could slide.
Apply the brakes slowly when
stopping on a wet surface.
 Slow down as you approach a
corner or turn. Once you have
completed a turn, accelerate
slowly.
 Be careful when passing parked
cars. A driver might not see you
and open a door in your path.
 Railroad crossings, streetcar rails,
iron plates on road construction
sites, and manhole covers become extremely slippery when
wet. Slow down and cross them
with caution. Keep the scooter upright, otherwise it could slide out
from under you.
 The brake pads or linings could
get wet when you wash the scooter. After washing the scooter,
check the brakes before riding.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
 Always wear a helmet, gloves,
trousers (tapered around the cuff
and ankle so they do not flap), and
a brightly colored jacket.
 Do not carry too much luggage on
the scooter. An overloaded scooter is unstable. Use a strong cord
to secure any luggage to the carrier (if equipped). A loose load will
affect the stability of the scooter
and could divert your attention
from the road. (See page 1-3.)
1
1-6
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10411
Left view
1
2
2
3
4
6
5
12
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
11 10
7
9
8
9. Air filter element (left) (page 6-18)
10.Engine oil filter element (page 6-13)
11.Sidestand (page 3-18)
12.Front brake pads (page 6-24)
Headlight (page 6-32)
Battery (page 6-29)
Main fuse (page 6-31)
Coolant reservoir cap (page 6-16)
Coolant level check window (page 6-16)
Rear storage compartment (page 3-16)
V-belt case air filter element (page 6-18)
Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-18)
2-1
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10421
Right view
2
1
3
4
2
7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
6
5
Grab bar (page 5-2)
Seat (page 3-16)
Fuel tank cap (page 3-13)
Fuses (page 6-31)
Centerstand (page 6-27)
Air filter element (right) (page 6-18)
Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-18)
2-2
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10431
Controls and instruments
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
2
12 11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
10
9
8
9. Front storage compartment B (page 3-16)
10.Main switch/steering lock (page 3-2)
11.Coolant level check window (page 6-16)
12.Front storage compartment A (page 3-16)
Rear brake lever (page 3-12)
Left handlebar switches (page 3-10)
Speedometer (page 3-5)
Multi-function display (page 3-6)
Tachometer (page 3-6)
Right handlebar switches (page 3-10)
Front brake lever (page 3-11)
Throttle grip (page 6-20)
2-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU10978
Immobilizer system
1. Code re-registering key (red bow)
2. Standard keys (black bow)
This vehicle is equipped with an immobilizer system to help prevent theft by
re-registering codes in the standard
keys. This system consists of the following:
 a code re-registering key (with a
red bow)
 two standard keys (with a black
bow) that can be re-registered
with new codes
 a transponder (which is installed in
the code re-registering key)
 an immobilizer unit
 an ECU
 an immobilizer system indicator
light (See page 3-4.)
The key with the red bow is used to
register codes in each standard key.
Since re-registering is a difficult process, take the vehicle along with all
three keys to a Yamaha dealer to have
them re-registered. Do not use the key
with the red bow for driving. It should
only be used for re-registering the
standard keys. Always use a standard
key for driving.




ECA11822
NOTICE
 DO NOT LOSE THE CODE REREGISTERING KEY! CONTACT
YOUR DEALER IMMEDIATELY
IF IT IS LOST! If the code re-registering key is lost, registering
new codes in the standard keys
is impossible. The standard
keys can still be used to start
the vehicle, however if code reregistering is required (i.e., if a
new standard key is made or all
keys are lost) the entire immobilizer system must be replaced.
Therefore, it is highly recom3-1





mended to use either standard
key and keep the code re-registering key in a safe place.
Do not submerse any key in water.
Do not expose any key to excessively high temperatures.
Do not place any key close to
magnets (this includes, but not
limited to, products such as
speakers, etc.).
Do not place items that transmit
electrical signals close to any
key.
Do not place heavy items on any
key.
Do not grind any key or alter its
shape.
Do not disassemble the plastic
part of any key.
Do not put two keys of any immobilizer system on the same
key ring.
Keep the standard keys as well
as keys of other immobilizer
systems away from this vehicle’s code re-registering key.
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
 Keep other immobilizer system
keys away from the main switch
as they may cause signal interference.
EAU10473
Main switch/steering lock
3
ZAUM1004
The main switch/steering lock controls
the ignition and lighting systems, and is
used to lock the steering. The various
positions are described below.
TIP
Be sure to use the standard key (black
bow) for regular use of the vehicle. To
minimize the risk of losing the code reregistering key (red bow), keep it in a
safe place and only use it for code reregistering.
3-2
EAU34122
ON
All electrical circuits are supplied with
power; the meter lighting, taillight, license plate light and auxiliary lights
come on, and the engine can be started. The key cannot be removed.
TIP
The headlights come on automatically
when the engine is started and stay on
until the key is turned to “OFF” or the
sidestand is moved down.
EAU10662
OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.
EWA10062
WARNING
Never turn the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK” while the vehicle is moving.
Otherwise the electrical systems will
be switched off, which may result in
loss of control or an accident.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU10685
LOCK
The steering is locked, and all electrical
systems are off. The key can be removed.
ECA11021
NOTICE
Do not use the parking position for
an extended length of time, otherwise the battery may discharge.
To lock the steering
1. Turn the handlebars all the way to
the left.
2. Push the key in from the “OFF”
position, and then turn it to
“LOCK” while still pushing it.
3. Remove the key.
EAU49394
Indicator lights and warning
lights
CLOCK
3
OUT TEMP
1/2
°C
ODO
OI
L
CH
AN
GE
1
2 3 4 5
ZAUM1132
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turn signal indicator lights “ ” and “
High beam indicator light “
”
Engine trouble warning light “
”
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) warning
light “ ABS ” (for ABS models)
5. Immobilizer system indicator light
To unlock the steering
Push the key in, and then turn it to
“OFF” while still pushing it.
”
EAUM2971
(Parking)
The hazard lights and turn signal lights
can be turned on, but all other electrical systems are off. The key can be removed.
The steering must be locked before the
key can be turned to “ ”.
EAU11031
Turn signal indicator lights “ ”
and “ ”
The corresponding indicator light
flashes when the turn signal switch is
pushed to the left or right.
3-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
EAU11081
EAUM3381
High beam indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
ABS warning light “ ” (for ABS
models)
In normal operation, the ABS warning
light comes on when the key is turned
to “ON”, and goes off after traveling at
a speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or higher.
If the ABS warning light:
 does not come on when the key is
turned to “ON”
 comes on or flashes while riding
 does not go off after traveling at a
speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or higher
The ABS may not work correctly. If any
of the above occurs, have a Yamaha
dealer check the system as soon as
possible. (See page 3-12 for an explanation of the ABS.)
EAU43024
Engine trouble warning light “ ”
This warning light comes on if an electrical circuit monitoring the engine is
not working correctly. If this occurs,
have a Yamaha dealer check the selfdiagnosis system.
The electrical circuit of the warning
light can be checked by turning the key
to “ON”. The warning light should
come on for a few seconds, and then
go off.
If the warning light does not come on
initially when the key is turned to “ON”,
or if the warning light remains on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
TIP
This warning light will come on when
the key is turned to “ON” and the start
switch is pushed, but this does not indicate a malfunction.
ABS
EWA16041
WARNING
If the ABS warning light does not go
off after traveling at a speed of 10
km/h (6 mi/h) or higher, or if the
warning light comes on or flashes
while riding, the brake system reverts to conventional braking. If either of the above occurs, or if the
warning light does not come on at
3-4
all, use extra caution to avoid possible wheel lock during emergency
braking. Have a Yamaha dealer
check the brake system and electrical circuits as soon as possible.
TIP
The ABS warning light may come on
while accelerating the engine with the
scooter on its centerstand, but this
does not indicate a malfunction.
EAU38625
Immobilizer system indicator light
The electrical circuit of the indicator
light can be checked by turning the key
to “ON”. The indicator light should
come on for a few seconds, and then
go off.
If the indicator light does not come on
initially when the key is turned to “ON”,
or if the indicator light remains on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
When the key is turned to “OFF” and
30 seconds have passed, the indicator
light will start flashing indicating the immobilizer system is enabled. After 24
U1SDE1E0.book Page 5 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAUS1861
Speedometer
OI
L
CH
AN
GE
ZAUM1005
1. Speedometer
UK ONLY
6070
50
80
40
100 12
90
30 60 80MPH 0
100
20
110
10
km/h
0
120
14
60 180
01
1
When the key is turned to “ON”, the
speedometer needle will sweep once
across the speed range and then return to zero in order to test the electrical circuit.
3
1
20 40
hours have passed, the indicator light
will stop flashing, however the immobilizer system is still enabled.
The self-diagnosis device also detects
problems in the immobilizer system
circuits. (See page 3-8 for an explanation of the self-diagnosis device.)
OI
L
CH
AN
GE
ZAUM1006
1. Speedometer
The speedometer shows the riding
speed.
3-5
U1SDE1E0.book Page 6 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU11873
Tachometer
EAUM2984
1
Multi-function display
2
Be sure to stop the vehicle before
making any setting changes to the
multi-function display. Changing
settings while riding can distract the
operator and increase the risk of an
accident.
ZAUM1007
CLOCK
1. Tachometer
2. Tachometer red zone
The electric tachometer allows the rider to monitor the engine speed and
keep it within the ideal power range.
When the key is turned to “ON”, the tachometer needle will sweep once
across the r/min range and then return
to zero r/min in order to test the electrical circuit.
ECA10032
NOTICE
Do not operate the engine in the tachometer red zone.
Red zone: 8250 r/min and above
3
WARNING
1
3
2
CLOCK OIL CHANGE
EWA12313
1
2
OUT TEMP
1/2
3
4
5
6
°C
7
ODO
ZAUM1008
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Clock
Ambient temperature display
Fuel meter
Odometer/tripmeters/fuel reserve tripmeter
“SELECT” button
“RESET” button
Coolant temperature meter
3-6
OUT TEMP
1/2
V-belt
°C
TRIP 2
ZAUM1009
1. V-belt replacement indicator “V-BELT”
2. Oil change indicator “OIL CHANGE”
3. Icy road warning indicator “ ”
The multi-function display is equipped
with the following:
 a fuel meter
 a coolant temperature meter
 an odometer
 two tripmeters (which show the
distance traveled since they were
last set to zero)
 a fuel reserve tripmeter (which
shows the distance traveled since
the bottom segment of the fuel
meter and fuel level warning indicator started flashing)
 a self-diagnosis device
 a clock
 an ambient temperature display
U1SDE1E0.book Page 7 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
 an oil change indicator
 a V-belt replacement indicator
TIP
 Be sure to turn the key to “ON” before using the “SELECT” and “RESET” buttons.
 When the key is turned to “ON”, all
of the display segments of the
multi-function display will appear
one after the other and then disappear, in order to test the electrical
circuit.
 For the UK, the distance traveled
is displayed in miles and the temperature reading is displayed in
°C.
 For other countries, the distance
traveled is displayed in kilometers
and the temperature reading is
displayed in °C.
When approximately 2.0 L (0.53 US
gal, 0.44 Imp.gal) of fuel remains in the
fuel tank, the bottom segment of the
fuel meter will start flashing, and the
display will automatically change to the
fuel reserve tripmeter mode “Trip F”
and start counting the distance traveled from that point. In that case, pushing the “SELECT” button switches the
display between the various tripmeter
and odometer modes in the following
order:
Trip F → Trip 1 → Trip 2 → Odo → Trip
F
CLOCK
OUT TEMP
1/2
ZAUM1010
TIP
The display cannot be changed back
to “Trip F” after pushing the “RESET”
button.
Fuel meter
With the key in the “ON” position, the
fuel meter indicates the amount of fuel
in the fuel tank. The display segments
of the fuel meter disappear towards
“E” (Empty) as the fuel level decreases.
When the fuel level reaches the bottom
segment near “E”, the bottom segment
will flash. Refuel as soon as possible.
°C
TRIP 1
Odometer and tripmeter modes
Pushing the “SELECT” button switches the display between the odometer
mode “Odo” and the tripmeter modes
“Trip” in the following order:
Odo → Trip 1 → Trip 2 → Odo
the fuel reserve tripmeter manually, it
will reset itself automatically and the
display will return to the prior mode after refueling and traveling 5 km (3 mi).
1
1. Fuel reserve tripmeter
To reset a tripmeter, select it by pushing the “SELECT” button until “Trip” or
“Trip F” , push the “RESET” button for
at least one second. If you do not reset
3-7
Coolant temperature meter
With the key in the “ON” position, the
coolant temperature meter indicates
the temperature of the coolant. The
coolant temperature varies with
changes in the weather and engine
load. If the top segment and coolant
temperature “C” “H” indicator flash,
stop the vehicle and let the engine
3
U1SDE1E0.book Page 8 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
cool. (See page 6-37.)
CLOCK
OUT TEMP
3
1/2
°C
TRIP 1
ZAUM1011
reset after the oil change for the next
periodic oil change to be indicated at
the correct time. (See page 6-13.)
The electrical circuit of the indicator
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”
The indicator comes on for a few seconds and then goes off.
If the indicator does not come on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
Self-diagnosis device
This model is equipped with a self-diagnosis device for various electrical
circuits.
If a problem is detected in any of those
circuits, the multi-function display will
indicate an error code.
If the multi-function display indicates
an error code, note the code number,
and then have a Yamaha dealer check
the vehicle.
TIP
The oil change indicator may flash
when the engine is revved with the
scooter on the centerstand, but this
does not indicate a malfunction.
NOTICE
ECA10022
NOTICE
Do not continue to operate the engine if it is overheating.
Oil change indicator “OIL CHANGE”
This indicator flashes at the initial 1000
km (600 mi), then at 5000 km (3000 mi)
and every 5000 km (3000 mi) thereafter
to indicate that the engine oil should be
changed.
After changing the engine oil, reset the
oil change indicator. (See page 6-13.)
If the engine oil is changed before the
oil change indicator comes on (i.e. before the periodic oil change interval has
been reached), the indicator must be
ECA11791
V-belt replacement indicator “VBELT”
This indicator flashes every 20000 km
(12500 mi) when the V-belt needs to be
replaced.
The electrical circuit of the indicator
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”
If the indicator does not come on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
3-8
If the multi-function display indicates an error code, the vehicle
should be checked as soon as possible in order to avoid engine damage.
The self-diagnosis device also detects
problems in the immobilizer system
circuits.
If a problem is detected in the immobilizer system circuits, the immobilizer
system indicator light will flash and the
multi-function display will indicate an
error code when the key is turned to
“ON”.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 9 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
TIP
If the multi-function display indicates
error code 52, this could be caused by
transponder interference. If this error
appears, try the following.
CLOCK
2. If the engine starts, turn it off, and
try starting the engine with the
standard keys.
3. If one or both of the standard keys
do not start the engine, take the
vehicle, the code re-registering
key and both standard keys to a
Yamaha dealer and have the standard keys re-registered.
Ambient temperature display
CLOCK
OUT TEMP
1
1/2
°C
2
TRIP 2
ZAUM1056
Clock mode
OUT TEMP
1/2
°C
ODO
1
ZAUM1012
1. Error code display
1. Use the code re-registering key to
start the engine.
TIP
Make sure there are no other immobilizer keys close to the main switch, and
do not keep more than one immobilizer
key on the same key ring! Immobilizer
system keys may cause signal interference, which may prevent the engine
from starting.
1. Ambient temperature display
2. Icy road warning indicator “ ”
To set the clock:
1. Push the “SELECT” button and
“RESET” button together for at
least two seconds.
2. When the hour digits start flashing, push the “RESET” button to
set the hours.
3. Push the “SELECT” button, and
the minute digits will start flashing.
4. Push the “RESET” button to set
the minutes.
5. Push the “SELECT” button and
then release it to start the clock.
3-9
This display shows the ambient temperature from –9 °C to 50 °C in 1 °C increments. The temperature displayed
may vary from the ambient temperature.
The icy road warning indicator “ ” will
flash when the temperature is below 4
°C.
TIP
 If the ambient temperature falls
below –9 °C, a lower temperature
than –9 °C will not be displayed.
 If the ambient temperature climbs
above 50 °C, a higher temperature
than 50 °C will not be displayed.
3
U1SDE1E0.book Page 10 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
 The accuracy of the temperature
reading may be affected when riding slowly (approximately under
20 km/h (12.5 mi/h)) or when
stopped at traffic signals, railroad
crossings, etc.
EAU12332
Anti-theft alarm (optional)
This model can be equipped with an
optional anti-theft alarm by a Yamaha
dealer. Contact a Yamaha dealer for
more information.
EAU1234F
Handlebar switches
Left
1.
2.
3.
4.
Pass switch “
”
Dimmer switch “
/
”
Turn signal switch “ / ”
Horn switch “
”
Right
1. Hazard switch “ ”
2. Start switch “ ”
3-10
U1SDE1E0.book Page 11 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12351
EAU41701
Pass switch “ ”
Press this switch to flash the headlight.
The engine trouble warning light will
come on when the key is turned to
“ON” and the start switch is pushed,
but this does not indicate a malfunction.
EAU12401
Dimmer switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” for the high
beam and to “ ” for the low beam.
EAU12461
Turn signal switch “ / ”
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “ ”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to “ ”. When
released, the switch returns to the center position. To cancel the turn signal
lights, push the switch in after it has returned to the center position.
EAU12501
Horn switch “
”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
EAU12722
Start switch “ ”
With the sidestand up, push this switch
while applying the front or rear brake to
crank the engine with the starter. See
page 5-1 for starting instructions prior
to starting the engine.
EAU12902
Front brake lever
3
EAU12734
Hazard switch “ ”
With the key in the “ON” or “ ” position, use this switch to turn on the hazard lights (simultaneous flashing of all
turn signal lights).
The hazard lights are used in case of an
emergency or to warn other drivers
when your vehicle is stopped where it
might be a traffic hazard.
ECA10062
NOTICE
Do not use the hazard lights for an
extended length of time with the engine not running, otherwise the battery may discharge.
3-11
1. Front brake lever
The front brake lever is located on the
right side of the handlebar. To apply
the front brake, pull this lever toward
the throttle grip.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 12 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12952
Rear brake lever
3
1. Rear brake lever
The rear brake lever is located on the
left side of the handlebar. To apply the
rear brake, pull this lever toward the
handlebar grip.
EAU54001
ABS (for ABS models)
The Yamaha ABS (Anti-lock Brake
System) features a dual electronic control system, which acts on the front and
rear brakes independently.
Operate the brakes with ABS as you
would conventional brakes. If the ABS
is activated, a pulsating sensation may
be felt at the brake levers. In this situation, continue to apply the brakes and
let the ABS work; do not “pump” the
brakes as this will reduce braking effectiveness.
EWA16051
WARNING
Always keep a sufficient distance
from the vehicle ahead to match the
riding speed even with ABS.
 The ABS performs best with
long braking distances.
 On certain surfaces, such as
rough or gravel roads, the braking distance may be longer with
the ABS than without.
The ABS is monitored by an ECU,
which will revert the system to conventional braking if a malfunction occurs.
3-12
TIP
 The ABS performs a self-diagnosis test each time the vehicle first
starts off after the key is turned to
“ON” and the vehicle has traveled
at a speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or
higher. During this test, a “clicking” noise can be heard from the
front of the vehicle, and if either
brake lever is even slightly applied, a vibration can be felt at the
lever, but these do not indicate a
malfunction.
 This ABS has a test mode which
allows the owner to experience
the pulsation at the brake levers
when the ABS is operating. However, special tools are required, so
please consult your Yamaha dealer when performing this test.
ECA16121
NOTICE
Keep any type of magnets (including
magnetic pick-up tools, magnetic
screwdrivers, etc.) away from the
front and rear wheel hubs, otherwise
the magnetic rotors equipped in the
U1SDE1E0.book Page 13 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
wheel hubs may be damaged, resulting in improper performance of
the ABS system.
EAUM2991
Fuel tank cap
EWA11092
WARNING
To open the fuel tank cap
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly closed after filling fuel.
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard.
2. Close the lid, turn the key clockwise to the original position, and
then remove it.
1
1
2
ZAUM1014
1. Front wheel hub
1. Fuel tank cap
2. Fuel tank cap cover
1
1. Rear wheel hub
1. Insert the key into the lock and
turn it counterclockwise. The lock
will be released and the lid can be
pulled open.
2. To remove the fuel tank cap, turn
it counterclockwise and then pull it
off.
To close the fuel tank cap
1. Place the fuel tank cap onto the
fuel tank opening and turn the fuel
tank cap clockwise.
3-13
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
gasoline spills on your skin, wash
with soap and water. If gasoline
spills on your clothing, change your
clothes.
EAU13222
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in
the tank.
1
EWA10882
WARNING
3
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are
extremely flammable. To avoid fires
and explosions and to reduce the
risk of injury when refueling, follow
these instructions.
1. Before refueling, turn off the engine and be sure that no one is sitting on the vehicle. Never refuel
while smoking, or while in the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or
other sources of ignition such as
the pilot lights of water heaters
and clothes dryers.
2. Do not overfill the fuel tank. When
refueling, be sure to insert the
pump nozzle into the fuel tank filler
hole. Stop filling when the fuel
reaches the bottom of the filler
tube. Because fuel expands when
it heats up, heat from the engine or
the sun can cause fuel to spill out
of the fuel tank.
EAUM3110
2
ZAUM1015
1. Fuel tank filler tube
2. Maximum fuel level
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately. NOTICE: Immediately
wipe off spilled fuel with a clean,
dry, soft cloth, since fuel may
deteriorate painted surfaces or
plastic parts. [ECA10072]
4. Be sure to securely close the fuel
tank cap.
EWA15152
WARNING
Gasoline is poisonous and can cause injury or death. Handle gasoline
with care. Never siphon gasoline by
mouth. If you should swallow some
gasoline or inhale a lot of gasoline
vapor, or get some gasoline in your
eyes, see your doctor immediately. If
3-14
Recommended fuel:
Premium unleaded gasoline (Gasohol (E10) acceptable)
Fuel tank capacity:
14.0 L (3.70 US gal, 3.08 Imp.gal)
Fuel reserve amount (when the fuel
level warning indicator flashes):
2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
ECA11401
NOTICE
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
damage to internal engine parts,
such as the valves and piston rings,
as well as to the exhaust system.
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use premium unleaded gasoline with a research octane number of
95 or higher. If knocking (or pinging)
occurs, use a gasoline of a different
U1SDE1E0.book Page 15 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
brand. Use of unleaded fuel will extend
spark plug life and reduce maintenance costs.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10% (E10). Gasohol containing methanol is not
recommended by Yamaha because it
can cause damage to the fuel system
or vehicle performance problems.
EAU13446
ECA10702
Catalytic converters
NOTICE
This vehicle is equipped with catalytic
converters in the exhaust system.
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause unrepairable damage to the catalytic
converter.
EWA10863
WARNING
The exhaust system is hot after operation. To prevent a fire hazard or
burns:
 Do not park the vehicle near
possible fire hazards such as
grass or other materials that
easily burn.
 Park the vehicle in a place
where pedestrians or children
are not likely to touch the hot
exhaust system.
 Make sure that the exhaust system has cooled down before
doing any maintenance work.
 Do not allow the engine to idle
more than a few minutes. Long
idling can cause a build-up of
heat.
3-15
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13933
3
EAUM3002
Seat
Storage compartments
To open the seat
1. Place the scooter on the centerstand.
2. Insert the key into the main switch,
and then turn it counterclockwise
to “OPEN”.
Front storage compartment A
2
1
ZAUM1016
1. Seat open position
To close the seat
1. Fold the seat down, and then push
it down to lock it in place.
2. Remove the key from the main
switch if the scooter will be left unattended.
1. Open.
TIP
Do not push inward when turning the
key.
TIP
Make sure that the seat is properly secured before riding.
3. Fold the seat up.
3-16
3
ZAUM1017
1. Open.
2. Storage compartment opening lever
3. Lid
To open the storage compartment
when it is locked, insert the key into the
lock, turn it clockwise, and then pull on
the lever.
To open the storage compartment
when it is unlocked, simply pull on the
lever.
To lock the storage compartment,
push the lid into the original position,
insert the key into the lock, turn it counterclockwise, and then remove it.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 17 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
 Since the storage compartment
may get wet while the scooter is
being washed, wrap any articles
stored in the compartment in a
plastic bag.
 Do not keep anything valuable
or breakable in the storage
compartment.
Front storage compartment B
To open the storage compartment, pull
on the lever.
2
1
EWA16121
WARNING
1. Rear storage compartment
3
ZAUM1018
1. Open.
2. Storage compartment opening lever
3. Lid
To close the storage compartment,
push the lid into the original position.
WARNING! Do not store heavy items
in this compartment. [EWA11162]
Rear storage compartment
Two helmets can be stored in the storage compartment under the seat. (See
page 3-16.)
ECA10082
NOTICE
Keep the following points in mind
when using the storage compartment.
 Since the storage compartment
accumulates heat when exposed to the sun and/or the engine heat, do not store anything
susceptible to heat, consumables or flammable items inside
it.
 To avoid humidity from spreading through the storage compartment, wrap wet articles in a
plastic bag before storing them
in the compartment.
3-17
Do not exceed the following loading
limits:
 Front storage compartment A: 1
kg (2.2 lb)
 Front storage compartment B: 1
kg (2.2 lb)
 Rear storage compartment: 5
kg (11 lb)
 Maximum load for the vehicle:
YP400R 185 kg (408 lb)
YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb)
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU14893
Adjusting the shock absorber
assemblies
EWA10211
WARNING
3
Always adjust both shock absorber
assemblies equally, otherwise poor
handling and loss of stability may result.
Each shock absorber assembly is
equipped with a spring preload adjusting ring.
 Align the appropriate notch in the
adjusting ring with the position indicator on the shock absorber.
 Use the spring preload adjusting
tool included in the owner’s tool
kit to make this adjustment.
2
1
4
1
2
ZAUM0648
1. Sidestand switch
ECA10102
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
To increase the spring preload and
thereby harden the suspension, turn
the adjusting ring on each shock absorber assembly in direction (a). To decrease the spring preload and thereby
soften the suspension, turn the adjusting ring on each shock absorber assembly in direction (b).
1
3
3
NOTICE
To avoid damaging the mechanism,
do not attempt to turn beyond the
maximum or minimum settings.
EAU15306
Sidestand
ZAUM1019
1. Position indicator
2. Spring preload adjusting ring
3. Spring preload adjusting tool
Spring preload setting:
Minimum (soft):
1
Standard:
2
Maximum (hard):
4
3-18
The sidestand is located on the left
side of the frame. Raise the sidestand
or lower it with your foot while holding
the vehicle upright.
TIP
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system,
which cuts the ignition in certain situations. (See the following section for an
explanation of the ignition circuit cutoff system.)
U1SDE1E0.book Page 19 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EWA10242
WARNING
The vehicle must not be ridden with
the sidestand down, or if the sidestand cannot be properly moved up
(or does not stay up), otherwise the
sidestand could contact the ground
and distract the operator, resulting
in a possible loss of control.
Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off
system has been designed to assist
the operator in fulfilling the responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting off. Therefore, check
this system regularly and have a
Yamaha dealer repair it if it does not
function properly.
EAU45053
Ignition circuit cut-off system
The ignition circuit cut-off system
(comprising the sidestand switch and
brake light switches) has the following
functions.
 It prevents starting when the sidestand is up, but neither brake is
applied.
 It prevents starting when either
brake is applied, but the sidestand
is still down.
 It cuts the running engine when
the sidestand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according to the following procedure.
3-19
3
U1SDE1E0.book Page 20 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
WARNING
With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on.
3. Turn the key on.
4. Keep the front or rear brake applied.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
NO
• The vehicle must be placed on the centerstand during this inspection.
• If a malfunction is noted, have a Yamaha
dealer check the system before riding.
YES
With the engine still off:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the front or rear brake applied.
8. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
YES
The sidestand switch may not be working correctly.
The scooter should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The brake switch may not be working correctly.
The scooter should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The sidestand switch may not be working correctly.
The scooter should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
With the engine still running:
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?
YES
The system is OK. The scooter can be ridden.
3-20
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15598
Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
EWA11152
WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage.
Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in
this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Fuel
• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.
3-14
Engine oil
• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
6-13
Final transmission oil
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
6-15
Coolant
• Check coolant level in reservoir.
• If necessary, add recommended coolant to specified level.
• Check cooling system for leakage.
6-16
Front brake
• Check operation.
• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
• Check brake pads for wear.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check fluid level in reservoir.
• If necessary, add specified brake fluid to specified level.
• Check hydraulic system for leakage.
4-1
6-23, 6-24, 6-24
4
U1SDE1E0.book Page 2 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Rear brake
• Check operation.
• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
• Check brake pads for wear.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check fluid level in reservoir.
• If necessary, add specified brake fluid to specified level.
• Check hydraulic system for leakage.
Throttle grip
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Check throttle grip free play.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust throttle grip free play and lubricate cable and grip housing.
6-20, 6-26
Wheels and tires
• Check for damage.
• Check tire condition and tread depth.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
6-21, 6-22
Brake levers
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
6-27
Centerstand, sidestand
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivots if necessary.
6-27
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
—
Instruments, lights, signals
and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
—
Sidestand switch
• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
• If system is not working correctly, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.
4
4-2
6-23, 6-24, 6-24
3-18
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU15952
EAU48021
EAUS1893
Starting the engine
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to
become familiar with all controls. If
there is a control or function you do not
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.
EWA10272
WARNING
Failure to familiarize yourself with
the controls can lead to loss of control, which could cause an accident
or injury.
ECA10251
TIP
This model is equipped with a lean angle sensor to stop the engine in case of
a turnover. In this case, the multi-function display indicates error code 30,
but this is not a malfunction. Turn the
key to “OFF” and then to “ON” to clear
the error code. Failing to do so will prevent the engine from starting even
though the engine will crank when
pushing the start switch.
5-1
NOTICE
See page 5-4 for engine break-in instructions prior to operating the vehicle for the first time.
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system to enable starting, the sidestand must be up.
See page 3-19 for more information.
1. Turn the key to “ON”.
The following warning light, indicator light and indicators should
come on for a few seconds, then
go off.
 Engine trouble warning light
 ABS warning light (for ABS
models)
 Immobilizer system indicator
light
 V-belt replacement indicator
 Oil change indicator
5
U1SDE1E0.book Page 2 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
ECA15025
NOTICE
If a warning light, indicator light or
indicator does not go off, see pages
3-3, 3-6, 3-8, 3-8 or 3-8 for the corresponding warning light, indicator
light or indicator circuit check.
5
2. Close the throttle completely.
3. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch while applying the
front or rear brake.
battery. Do not crank the engine
more than 10 seconds on any one
attempt.
ECA11043
NOTICE
For maximum engine life, never accelerate hard when the engine is
cold!
EAU45093
Starting off
1. While pulling the rear brake lever
with your left hand and holding the
grab bar with your right hand,
push the scooter off the centerstand.
1. Grab bar
2. Sit astride the seat, and then adjust the rear view mirrors.
3. Switch the turn signals on.
4. Check for oncoming traffic, and
then slowly turn the throttle grip
(on the right) in order to take off.
5. Switch the turn signals off.
1. Rear brake lever
2. Front brake lever
3. Start switch
If the engine does not start, release the start switch, wait a few
seconds, and then try again. Each
starting attempt should be as
short as possible to preserve the
5-2
U1SDE1E0.book Page 3 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16782
Acceleration and deceleration
EAU16794
Braking
Front
EWA10301
WARNING
(b)
(a)
The speed can be adjusted by opening
and closing the throttle. To increase
the speed, turn the throttle grip in direction (a). To reduce the speed, turn
the throttle grip in direction (b).
 Avoid braking hard or suddenly
(especially when leaning over to
one side), otherwise the scooter
may skid or overturn.
 Railroad crossings, streetcar
rails, iron plates on road construction sites, and manhole
covers become extremely slippery when wet. Therefore, slow
down when approaching such
areas and cross them with caution.
 Keep in mind that braking on a
wet road is much more difficult.
 Ride slowly down a hill, as braking downhill can be very difficult.
1. Close the throttle completely.
2. Apply both front and rear brakes
simultaneously while gradually increasing the pressure.
5-3
Rear
5
U1SDE1E0.book Page 4 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16821
Tips for reducing fuel consumption
5
Fuel consumption depends largely on
your riding style. Consider the following tips to reduce fuel consumption:
 Avoid high engine speeds during
acceleration.
 Avoid high engine speeds with no
load on the engine.
 Turn the engine off instead of letting it idle for an extended length
of time (e.g., in traffic jams, at traffic lights or at railroad crossings).
EAU16842
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period
in the life of your engine than the period
between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For
this reason, you should read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves
to the correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that
might result in engine overheating
must be avoided.
EAU34322
0–1000 km (0–600 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 4000
r/min. NOTICE: After 1000 km (600
mi) of operation, be sure to replace
the engine oil, final transmission oil
and the oil filter element. [ECA12932]
1000–1600 km (600–1000 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 6000
r/min.
5-4
1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond
The vehicle can now be operated normally.
ECA10311
NOTICE
 Keep the engine speed out of
the tachometer red zone.
 If any engine trouble should occur during the engine break-in
period, immediately have a
Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 5 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU17214
Parking
When parking, stop the engine, and
then remove the key from the main
switch.
EWA10312
WARNING
 Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch them and be burned.
 Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn, increasing the
risk of a fuel leak and fire.
 Do not park near grass or other
flammable materials which
might catch fire.
5
5-5
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAUS1824
EWA15123
WARNING
6
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and
lubrication will keep your vehicle in the
safest and most efficient condition
possible. Safety is an obligation of the
vehicle owner/operator. The most important points of vehicle inspection,
adjustment, and lubrication are explained on the following pages.
The intervals given in the periodic
maintenance charts should be simply
considered as a general guide under
normal riding conditions. However, depending on the weather, terrain, geographical location, and individual use,
the maintenance intervals may need to
be shortened.
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance
unless
otherwise
specified.
 A running engine has moving
parts that can catch on body
parts or clothing and electrical
parts that can cause shocks or
fires.
 Running the engine while servicing can lead to eye injury,
burns, fire, or carbon monoxide
poisoning – possibly leading to
death. See page 1-3 for more information about carbon monoxide.
EWA10331
EWA10322
WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the vehicle or performing maintenance activities incorrectly may increase
your risk of injury or death during
service or while using the vehicle. If
you are not familiar with vehicle service, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service.
EWA15461
WARNING
WARNING
This scooter is designed for use on
paved roads only. If this scooter is
operated in abnormally dusty, muddy or wet conditions, the air filter element should be cleaned or
replaced more frequently, otherwise
rapid engine wear may result. Consult a Yamaha dealer for proper
maintenance intervals.
6-1
Brake discs, calipers, drums, and
linings can become very hot during
use. To avoid possible burns, let
brake components cool before
touching them.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 2 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU17303
EAU17382
Owner’s tool kit
Emission controls not only function to
ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to
proper engine operation and maximum
performance. In the following periodic
maintenance charts, the services related to emissions control are grouped
separately. These services require
specialized data, knowledge, and
equipment. Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control
devices and systems may be performed by any repair establishment or
individual that is certified (if applicable).
Yamaha dealers are trained and
equipped to perform these particular
services.
ZAUM1020
1. Owner’s tool kit
The owner’s tool kit is located under
the seat. (See page 3-16.)
The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. However, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
TIP
If you do not have the tools or experience required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
6-2
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 3 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU46862
TIP
 The annual checks must be performed every year, except if a kilometer-based maintenance, or for the UK, a
mileage-based maintenance, is performed instead.
 From 50000 km (30000 mi), repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 10000 km (6000 mi).
 Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical skills.
EAU46911
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
ODOMETER READING
6
NO.
ITEM
1 * Fuel line
2
Spark plug
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
10000 km
(6000 mi)
20000 km
(12000 mi)
30000 km
(18000 mi)
40000 km
(24000 mi)
• Check fuel hoses for cracks or
damage.
√
√
√
√
• Check condition.
• Clean and regap.
√
√
3 * Valves
• Check valve clearance.
• Adjust.
4 * Fuel injection
• Check engine idle speed.
√
√
√
√
√
Muffler and ex5 *
haust pipe
• Check the screw clamp(s) for
looseness.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
6 *
Air induction system
√
√
√
• Replace.
ANNUAL
CHECK
Every 40000 km (24000 mi)
• Check the air cut-off valve, reed
valve, and hose for damage.
• Replace any damaged parts if
necessary.
6-3
√
√
U1SDE1E0.book Page 4 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU1770H
General maintenance and lubrication chart
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1
Air filter elements
• Replace.
2
Air filter check hose
• Clean.
3
V-belt case air filter
element
• Clean.
4 * Front brake
• Check operation, fluid level and
vehicle for fluid leakage.
10000 km
(6000 mi)
√
√
5 * Rear brake
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
40000 km
(24000 mi)
√
Whenever worn to the limit
√
√
• Replace brake pads.
6 * Brake hoses
30000 km
(18000 mi)
√
• Replace brake pads.
• Check operation, fluid level and
vehicle for fluid leakage.
20000 km
(12000 mi)
ANNUAL
CHECK
1000 km
(600 mi)
√
√
Whenever worn to the limit
• Check for cracks or damage.
• Check for correct routing and
clamping.
√
• Replace.
√
√
Every 4 years
7 * Brake fluid
• Replace.
8 * Wheels
• Check runout and for damage.
√
√
Every 2 years
√
√
9 * Tires
• Check tread depth and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
√
√
√
√
10 * Wheel bearings
• Check bearing for looseness or
damage.
√
√
√
√
6-4
√
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 5 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
11 * Steering bearings
12 * Chassis fasteners
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
• Check bearing play and steering
for roughness.
1000 km
(600 mi)
10000 km
(6000 mi)
20000 km
(12000 mi)
30000 km
(18000 mi)
40000 km
(24000 mi)
√
√
√
√
√
• Lubricate with lithium-soapbased grease.
ANNUAL
CHECK
Every 20000 km (12000 mi)
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and
screws are properly tightened.
√
√
√
√
√
13
Front brake lever
pivot shaft
• Lubricate with silicone grease.
√
√
√
√
√
14
Rear brake lever
pivot shaft
• Lubricate with silicone grease.
√
√
√
√
√
15
Sidestand, centerstand
• Check operation.
• Lubricate with lithium-soapbased grease.
√
√
√
√
√
√
6
16 * Sidestand switch
• Check operation.
√
√
√
√
17 * Front fork
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
√
√
√
√
• Check operation and shock absorbers for oil leakage.
√
√
√
√
18 *
19
20
Shock absorber assemblies
Engine oil
Engine oil filter element
• Change. (See pages 3-6 and
6-13.)
√
√
• Check oil level and vehicle for oil
leakage.
• Replace.
When the oil change indicator flashes
√
Every 5000 km (3000 mi)
√
6-5
√
√
U1SDE1E0.book Page 6 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
21 * Cooling system
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
• Check coolant level and vehicle
for coolant leakage.
20000 km
(12000 mi)
30000 km
(18000 mi)
40000 km
(24000 mi)
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Change coolant.
22
Final transmission
oil
23 * V-belt
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
• Change.
• Replace.
24 *
Front and rear
brake switches
• Check operation.
25
Moving parts and
cables
26 * Throttle grip
27 *
Lights, signals and
switches
ANNUAL
CHECK
10000 km
(6000 mi)
Every 3 years
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
When the V-belt replacement indicator flashes [every 20000 km (12500 mi)]
√
√
√
√
√
• Lubricate.
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation.
• Check throttle grip free play, and
adjust if necessary.
• Lubricate cable and grip housing.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation.
• Adjust headlight beam.
√
√
EAU34492
TIP
 Engine air filters and V-belt air filter
• This model’s engine air filters are equipped with disposable oil-coated paper elements, which must not be cleaned
with compressed air to avoid damaging them.
• The engine air filter elements need to be replaced and the V-belt air filter element needs to be serviced more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
6-6
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 7 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
 Hydraulic brake service
• Regularly check and, if necessary, correct the brake fluid level.
• Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinders and calipers, and change the brake
fluid.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years and if cracked or damaged.
6
6-7
U1SDE1E0.book Page 8 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU18772
EAUM3101
Removing and installing panels
The panels shown need to be removed
to perform some of the maintenance
jobs described in this chapter. Refer to
this section each time a panel needs to
be removed and installed.
Panel A
2
1
To remove the panel
Remove the screws, and then pull the
panel outward.
1
ZAUM1022
1. Panel B
2. Panel C
6
1
1
2
ZAUM1024
1. Panel A
2. Screw
1. Panel A
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the screws.
ZAUM1021
1. Panel D
6-8
U1SDE1E0.book Page 9 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
1
1. Screw
1
1
2
2
ZAUM1046
ZAUM1047
1. Panel B
2. Screw
1. Panel C
2. Screw
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the screw.
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the screw.
Panel C
Panel D
To remove the panel
1. Open the front storage compartment B. (See page 3-16.)
2. Remove the screw, and then pull
the panel off.
To remove the panel
1. Remove the quick fastener, and
then pull the under cowling off as
shown.
Panel B
6
To remove the panel
1. Open the front storage compartment A. (See page 3-16.)
2. Remove the screw, and then pull
the panel off.
6-9
TIP
The quick fastener is removed by
pushing the center pin in with a screwdriver, and then pulling the fastener
out.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 10 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
4. Remove the battery bracket and
panel assembly by pulling it off as
shown.
3
1
1
2
2
TIP
To install the quick fastener, push the
center pin out so that it will protrude
from the fastener head, insert the fastener into the under cowling, and then
push the protruding pin in until it is
flush with the fastener head.
3
ZAUM1042
1. Cowling
2. Quick fastener
2. Remove the cowling screws, and
then pull it off.
1
2
1
ZAUM1043
1. Screw
2. Cowling
3. Remove the battery bracket bolts,
and then pull it off.
ZAUM1045
6
1. Panel D
2. Bracket
3. Bolt
To install the panel
1. Place the battery bracket and
panel assembly in the original position, and then install the bolts.
2. Place the cowling in the original
position, and then install the
screws.
3. Place the under cowling in the
original position, and then install
the quick fastener.
6-10
U1SDE1E0.book Page 11 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAUM3021
Checking the spark plug
The spark plug is an important engine
component, which is easy to check.
Since heat and deposits will cause any
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark
plug should be removed and checked
in accordance with the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition, the condition of the spark plug
can reveal the condition of the engine.
6
To remove the spark plug
1. Place the vehicle on the centerstand
2. Open the seat. (See page 3-16.)
3. Remove the rear storage compartment by removing the bolts.
4. Remove the spark plug cap.
1
ZAUM1025
1. Spark plug cap
5. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench included in the owner’s tool kit.
2
To check the spark plug
1. Check that the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode of the
spark plug is a medium-to-light
tan (the ideal color when the vehicle is ridden normally).
TIP
If the spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be operating improperly. Do not attempt to
diagnose such problems yourself. Instead, have a Yamaha dealer check
the vehicle.
2. Check the spark plug for electrode
erosion and excessive carbon or
other deposits, and replace it if
necessary.
Specified spark plug:
NGK/CR7E
1
1
ZAUM1026
1. Spark plug wrench
ZAUM1040
1. Storage compartment
2. Bolt
6-11
3. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to specification.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 12 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
1
TIP
If a torque wrench is not available
when installing a spark plug, a good
estimate of the correct torque is 1/4–
1/2 turn past finger tight. However, the
spark plug should be tightened to the
specified torque as soon as possible.
5. Close the seat.
3. Install the spark plug cap.
1. Spark plug gap
Spark plug gap:
0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
To install the spark plug
1. Clean the surface of the spark
plug gasket and its mating surface, and then wipe off any grime
from the spark plug threads.
2. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
12.5 Nm (1.25 m·kgf, 9.04 ft·lbf)
TIP
Make sure the spark plug wire is fastened in the clamp as shown.
6
1
ZAUM1027
3
2
1. Spark plug cap
2. Spark plug lead clamp
3. Spark plug lead
4. Place the rear storage compartment in the original position and
install the bolts.
6-12
U1SDE1E0.book Page 13 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
3. Place an oil pan under the engine
to collect the used oil.
4. Remove the engine oil filler cap,
the engine oil drain bolt and its
gasket to drain the oil from the
crankcase.
EAUM3031
Engine oil and oil filter element
The engine oil level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the oil
must be changed and the oil filter element replaced at the intervals specified
in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart and when the oil change
indicator comes on.
6
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the vehicle on the centerstand. A slight tilt to the side can
result in a false reading.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles, remove the oil filler cap, wipe
the dipstick clean, insert it back
into the oil filler hole (without
screwing it in), and then remove it
again to check the oil level.
TIP
The engine oil should be between the
tip of the dipstick and the maximum
level mark.
1
2
3
4
ZAUM1028
1.
2.
3.
4.
Engine oil filler cap
Dipstick
Maximum level mark
Tip of the engine oil dipstick
4. If the engine oil is not between the
tip of the dipstick and the maximum level mark, add sufficient oil
of the recommended type to raise
it to the correct level.
5. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler
hole, and then tighten the oil filler
cap.
To change the engine oil (with or
without oil filter element replacement)
1. Place the vehicle on the centerstand.
6-13
1
2
1. Engine oil drain bolt
2. Gasket
TIP
Skip steps 5–7 if the oil filter element is
not being replaced.
5. Remove the oil filter element cover
by removing the bolts. NOTICE:
When removing the oil filter element cover, the compression
U1SDE1E0.book Page 14 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
spring will fall out. Take care not
to lose the compression spring.
1
2
3 4
[ECA12912]
9. Refill with the specified amount of
the recommended engine oil, and
then install and tighten the oil filler
cap.
1
2
1. Bolt
2. Oil filter element cover
6. Remove and replace the oil filter
element and O-rings.
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Oil filter element cover
O-ring
Compression spring
Oil filter element
7. Install the compression spring and
oil filter element cover by installing
the bolts, then tightening them to
the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Oil filter element cover bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7.2 ft·lbf)
Recommended engine oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
Without oil filter element replacement:
1.50 L (1.59 US qt, 1.32 Imp.qt)
With oil filter element replacement:
1.70 L (1.80 US qt, 1.50 Imp.qt)
TIP
Be sure to wipe off spilled oil on any
parts after the engine and exhaust system have cooled down.
ECA11671
TIP
Make sure that the O-rings are properly
seated.
8. Install the engine oil drain bolt and
its new gasket, and then tighten
the bolt to the specified torque.
6-14
NOTICE
 Do not use oils with a diesel
specification of “CD” or oils of a
higher quality than specified. In
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 15 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
addition, do not use oils labeled
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or
higher.
 Be sure no foreign material enters the crankcase.
6
10. Start the engine, and then let it idle
for several minutes while checking
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking,
immediately turn the engine off
and check for the cause.
11. Reset the oil change indicator according to the following procedure.
To reset the oil change indicator
1. Turn the key to “ON”.
2. Hold the “OIL CHANGE” button
pushed for 15 to 20 seconds.
OI
L
CH
AN
GE
3. Release the “OIL CHANGE” button, and the oil change indicator
will go off.
TIP
If the engine oil is changed before the
oil change indicator comes on (i.e. before the periodic oil change interval has
been reached), the indicator must be
reset after the oil change for the next
periodic oil change to be indicated at
the correct time. To reset the oil change indicator before the periodic oil
change interval has been reached, follow the above procedure, but note that
the indicator will come on for 1.4 seconds after releasing the “OIL CHANGE” button, otherwise repeat the
procedure.
1
ZAUM1051
1. “OIL CHANGE” button
6-15
EAU20067
Final transmission oil
The final transmission case must be
checked for oil leakage before each
ride. If any leakage is found, have a
Yamaha dealer check and repair the
scooter. In addition, the final transmission oil must be changed as follows at
the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
1. Start the engine, warm up the final
transmission oil by riding the
scooter for several minutes, and
then stop the engine.
2. Place the scooter on the centerstand.
3. Place an oil pan under the final
transmission case to collect the
used oil.
4. Remove the final transmission oil
filler cap and its O-ring from the final transmission case.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 16 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
1
2
4
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
Final transmission oil filler cap
O-ring
Final transmission oil drain bolt
Gasket
5. Remove the final transmission oil
drain bolt and its gasket to drain
the oil from the final transmission
case.
6. Install the final transmission oil
drain bolt and its new gasket, and
then tighten the bolt to the specified torque.
that no foreign material enters
the final transmission case.
Make sure that no oil gets on
the tire or wheel. [EWA11312]
Recommended final transmission
oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
0.25 L (0.26 US qt, 0.22 Imp.qt)
8. Install the final transmission oil filler cap and its new O-ring, and
then tighten the oil filler cap.
9. Check the final transmission case
for oil leakage. If oil is leaking,
check for the cause.
Tightening torque:
Final transmission oil drain bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)
EAU20071
Coolant
The coolant level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the coolant must be changed at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
EAUM3043
To check the coolant level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
2. Open the front storage compartment A. (See page 3-16.)
TIP
 The coolant level must be
checked on a cold engine since
the level varies with engine temperature.
 Make sure that the vehicle is positioned straight up when checking
the coolant level. A slight tilt to the
side can result in a false reading.
3. Check the coolant level through
the check window.
7. Refill with the specified amount of
the recommended final transmission oil. WARNING! Make sure
6-16
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 17 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
since it is harmful to the engine.
If water has been used instead
of coolant, replace it with coolant as soon as possible, otherwise the cooling system will not
be protected against frost and
corrosion. If water has been
added to the coolant, have a
Yamaha dealer check the antifreeze content of the coolant as
soon as possible, otherwise the
effectiveness of the coolant will
be reduced. [ECA10473]
TIP
The coolant should be between the minimum and maximum level marks.
1
Hig
6
h
Co
ola
nt
Le
ve
l
2
Low
ZAUM1029
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark
4. If the coolant is at or below the minimum level mark, remove panel
B. (See page 6-8.)
5. Open the reservoir cap, and then
add coolant to the maximum level
mark. WARNING! Remove only
the coolant reservoir cap. Never
attempt to remove the radiator
cap when the engine is hot.
[EWA15162] NOTICE: If coolant is not
available, use distilled water or
soft tap water instead. Do not
use hard water or salt water
1
ZAUM1030
1. Coolant reservoir cap
Coolant reservoir capacity:
0.31 L (0.33 US qt, 0.27 Imp.qt)
6. Close the reservoir cap, and then
install the panel.
6-17
7. Close the front storage compartment.
EAU33032
Changing the coolant
The coolant must be changed at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Have a
Yamaha dealer change the coolant.
WARNING! Never attempt to remove
the radiator cap when the engine is
hot. [EWA10382]
U1SDE1E0.book Page 18 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAUM3051
Air filter elements and check
hoses and V-belt case air filter
element
The air filter elements and the V-belt
case air filter element should be serviced at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart. Service all air filter elements
more frequently if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Replacing the air filter elements
1. Place the scooter on the centerstand.
Left
Left
1
2
1
1
3
1
3
1. Screw
2. Air filter case cover
3. Rubber cap
1. Air filter element
Right
6
Right
1
TIP
Continue as follows for each air filter element.
1
2
3
2. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the rubber caps and
screws.
1
1. Screw
2. Air filter case cover
3. Rubber cap
3. Pull the air filter element out.
6-18
1. Air filter element
4. Insert a new air filter element into
the air filter case.
5. Install the air filter case cover by
installing the screws. NOTICE:
Make sure that each filter element is properly seated in its
U1SDE1E0.book Page 19 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
case. Always replace both air filter elements at the same time,
otherwise poor engine performance or damage to the engine
may result. The engine should
never be operated without the
filter elements installed, otherwise the piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may become excessively
worn. [ECA12924]
6. Install the rubber caps.
6
To clean the air filter check hoses
1. Check the hose at the bottom of
both air filter cases for accumulated dirt or water.
Left
Right
1
2
1
1
ZAUM1031
1. Air filter check hose
2. If dirt or water is visible, remove
the hose, clean it, and then install
it.
Cleaning the V-belt case air filter element
1. Remove panel A. (See page 6-8.)
2. Remove the left air filter case cover.
3. Remove the V-belt air filter case
cover by removing the screws.
1. Screw
2. V-belt air filter case cover
4. Remove the V-belt case air filter
element by removing the screws.
1
1
2
1. Screw
2. V-belt case air filter element
1
1. Air filter check hose
6-19
U1SDE1E0.book Page 20 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
5. Lightly tap the V-belt case air filter
element to remove most of the
dust and dirt, and then blow out
the dirt with compressed air as
shown.
EAU21385
Checking the throttle grip free
play
1. Throttle grip free play
6. Check the V-belt case air filter element for damage and replace it if
necessary.
7. Install the V-belt case air filter element by installing the screws.
NOTICE: Make sure that the Vbelt filter element is properly
seated in its case. [ECA12942]
8. Install the V-belt air filter case cover by installing the screws.
9. Install the left air filter case cover.
10. Install the panel.
The throttle grip free play should measure 3.0–5.0 mm (0.12–0.20 in) at the
inner edge of the throttle grip. Periodically check the throttle grip free play
and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
6-20
EAU21402
Valve clearance
The valve clearance changes with use,
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
and/or engine noise. To prevent this
from occurring, the valve clearance
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 21 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU21877
Tires
Tires are the only contact between the
vehicle and the road. Safety in all conditions of riding depends on a relatively
small area of road contact. Therefore, it
is essential to maintain the tires in good
condition at all times and replace them
at the appropriate time with the specified tires.
6
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be
checked and, if necessary, adjusted
before each ride.
EWA10504
WARNING
Operation of this vehicle with improper tire pressure may cause severe injury or death from loss of
control.
 The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
 The tire air pressure must be
adjusted in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories approved
for this model.
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
0–90 kg (0–198 lb):
Front:
220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi)
Rear:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
YP400R 90–185 kg (198–408 lb)
YP400RA 90–181 kg (198–399 lb):
Front:
220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi)
Rear:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Maximum load*:
YP400R 185 kg (408 lb)
YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb)
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories
EWA10512
WARNING
Never overload your vehicle. Operation of an overloaded vehicle could
cause an accident.
6-21
Tire inspection
2
1
1. Tire sidewall
2. Tire tread depth
The tires must be checked before each
ride. If the center tread depth reaches
the specified limit, if the tire has a nail
or glass fragments in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, have a Yamaha dealer
replace the tire immediately.
Minimum tire tread depth (front and
rear):
1.6 mm (0.06 in)
TIP
The tire tread depth limits may differ
from country to country. Always comply with the local regulations.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 22 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Tire information
This model is equipped with tubeless
tires.
Tires age, even if they have not been
used or have only been used occasionally. Cracking of the tread and sidewall
rubber, sometimes accompanied by
carcass deformation, is an evidence of
ageing. Old and aged tires shall be
checked by tire specialists to ascertain
their suitability for further use.
After extensive tests, only the tires listed below have been approved for this
model by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
Front tire:
Size:
120/70-15 M/C 56S
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28
Rear tire:
Size:
150/70-13 M/C 64S
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28
EWA10472
EAU21995
Cast wheels
WARNING
 Have a Yamaha dealer replace
excessively worn tires. Besides
being illegal, operating the vehicle with excessively worn tires
decreases riding stability and
can lead to loss of control.
 The replacement of all wheel
and brake-related parts, including the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
necessary professional knowledge and experience to do so.
 Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire
surface must first be “broken
in” for it to develop its optimal
characteristics.
6-22
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your vehicle,
note the following points regarding the
specified wheels.
 The wheel rims should be
checked for cracks, bends, warpage or other damage before each
ride. If any damage is found, have
a Yamaha dealer replace the
wheel. Do not attempt even the
smallest repair to the wheel. A deformed or cracked wheel must be
replaced.
 The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.
 After repairing or replacing the
rear tire, tighten the valve stem nut
and locknut to the specified
torques.
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 23 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU50861
Checking the front and rear
brake lever free play
Front
There should be no free play at the
brake lever ends. If there is free play,
have a Yamaha dealer inspect the
brake system.
EWA14212
WARNING
1
2
1. Valve stem nut
2. Valve stem locknut
6
Tightening torques:
Valve stem nut:
2.0 Nm (0.20 m·kgf, 1.4 ft·lbf)
Valve stem locknut:
3.0 Nm (0.30 m·kgf, 2.2 ft·lbf)
ZAUM1049
1. No brake lever free play
Rear
ZAUM1050
1. No brake lever free play
6-23
A soft or spongy feeling in the brake
lever can indicate the presence of
air in the hydraulic system. If there is
air in the hydraulic system, have a
Yamaha dealer bleed the system before operating the vehicle. Air in the
hydraulic system will diminish the
braking performance, which may result in loss of control and an accident.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 24 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU22393
Checking the front and rear
brake pads
The front and rear brake pads must be
checked for wear at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart.
EAU22431
Front brake pads
indicator grooves have almost disappeared, have a Yamaha dealer replace
the brake pads as a set.
EAU34211
Rear brake pads
Have a Yamaha dealer check each rear
brake pad for damage and measure
the lining thickness and if necessary,
replace them as a set.
EAU40262
Checking the brake fluid level
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level mark.
Check the brake fluid level with the top
of the reservoir level. Replenish the
brake fluid if necessary.
Front brake
1
6
ZAUM1057
1. Minimum level mark
1. Wear indicator groove
Each front brake pad is provided with
wear indicator grooves, which allow
you to check the brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake.
To check the brake pad wear, check
the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear
6-24
U1SDE1E0.book Page 25 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Rear brake
1
ZAUM1032
1. Minimum level mark
6
Specified brake fluid:
DOT 4
EWA16011
WARNING
Improper maintenance can result in
loss of braking ability. Observe
these precautions:
 Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to enter the brake system,
reducing
braking
performance.
 Clean the filler cap before removing. Use only DOT 4 brake
fluid from a sealed container.
 Use only the specified brake fluid; otherwise, the rubber seals
may deteriorate, causing leakage.
 Refill with the same type of
brake fluid. Adding a brake fluid
other than DOT 4 may result in a
harmful chemical reaction.
 Be careful that water or dust
does not enter the brake fluid
reservoir when refilling. Water
will significantly lower the boiling point of the fluid and may result in vapor lock, and dirt may
clog the ABS hydraulic unit
valves.
ECA17641
NOTICE
Brake fluid may damage painted
surfaces or plastic parts. Always
clean up spilled fluid immediately.
As the brake pads wear, it is normal for
the brake fluid level to gradually go
down. A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads and/or brake
system leakage; therefore, be sure to
check the brake pads for wear and the
brake system for leakage. If the brake
6-25
fluid level goes down suddenly, have a
Yamaha dealer check the cause before
further riding.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 26 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU22733
Changing the brake fluid
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition, have the oil seals
of the master cylinders and calipers as
well as the brake hoses replaced at the
intervals listed below or whenever they
are damaged or leaking.
 Oil seals: Replace every two
years.
 Brake hoses: Replace every four
years.
EAU23098
EAU23115
Checking and lubricating the
cables
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable
The operation of all control cables and
the condition of the cables should be
checked before each ride, and the cables and cable ends should be lubricated if necessary. If a cable is
damaged or does not move smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or replace it. WARNING! Damage to the
outer housing of cables may result
in internal rusting and cause interference with cable movement. Replace damaged cables as soon as
possible to prevent unsafe conditions. [EWA10712]
The operation of the throttle grip
should be checked before each ride. In
addition, the cable should be lubricated by a Yamaha dealer at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
chart.
The throttle cable is equipped with a
rubber cover. Make sure that the cover
is securely installed. Even though the
cover is installed correctly, it does not
completely protect the cable from water entry. Therefore, use care not to
pour water directly onto the cover or
cable when washing the vehicle. If the
cable or cover becomes dirty, wipe
clean with a moist cloth.
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha cable lubricant or other
suitable cable lubricant
6-26
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 27 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23173
Lubricating the front and rear
brake levers
EAU23215
Recommended lubricant:
Silicone grease
Checking and lubricating the
centerstand and sidestand
Front brake lever
1. Sidestand
6
Rear brake lever
1
ZAUM1033
1. Centerstand
The pivoting points of the front and rear
brake levers must be lubricated at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
6-27
U1SDE1E0.book Page 28 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
The operation of the centerstand and
sidestand should be checked before
each ride, and the pivots and metal-tometal contact surfaces should be lubricated if necessary.
EWA10742
EAU23273
Checking the front fork
The condition and operation of the
front fork must be checked as follows
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
WARNING
If the centerstand or sidestand does
not move up and down smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it. Otherwise, the centerstand or
sidestand could contact the ground
and distract the operator, resulting
in a possible loss of control.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
To check the condition
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
ECA10591
To check the operation
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position. WARNING! To avoid injury,
securely support the vehicle so
there is no danger of it falling
over. [EWA10752]
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars several times to check if the
front fork compresses and rebounds smoothly.
6-28
NOTICE
If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 29 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU45512
Checking the steering
6
Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place the vehicle on the centerstand. WARNING! To avoid injury, securely support the vehicle
so there is no danger of it falling
over. [EWA10752]
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.
EAU23292
Checking the wheel bearings
EAU46344
Battery
3
1
2
ZAUM1035
The front and rear wheel bearings must
be checked at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the wheel bearings.
1. Positive battery lead (red)
2. Negative battery lead (black)
3. Battery
The battery is located behind panel D.
(See page 6-8.)
This model is equipped with a VRLA
(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery.
There is no need to check the electrolyte or to add distilled water. However,
the battery lead connections need to
be checked and, if necessary, securely
tightened.
EWA10761
WARNING
 Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes severe
6-29
U1SDE1E0.book Page 30 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
burns. Avoid any contact with
skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the following FIRST AID.
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
• INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and immediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for 15
minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
 Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
away from the battery and provide sufficient ventilation when
charging it in an enclosed
space.
 KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.
To charge the battery
Have a Yamaha dealer charge the battery as soon as possible if it seems to
have discharged. Keep in mind that the
battery tends to discharge more quickly if the vehicle is equipped with optional electrical accessories.
ECA16522
NOTICE
key is turned to “OFF”, then
connect the positive lead before
connecting the negative lead.
[ECA16841]
ECA16531
To charge a VRLA (Valve Regulated
Lead Acid) battery, a special (constant-voltage) battery charger is required. Using a conventional battery
charger will damage the battery.
To store the battery
1. If the model will not be used for
more than one month, remove the
battery, fully charge it, and then
place it in a cool, dry place.
NOTICE: When removing the
battery, be sure the key is
turned to “OFF”, then disconnect the negative lead before
disconnecting the positive lead.
[ECA16303]
2. If the battery will be stored for
more than two months, check it at
least once a month and fully charge it if necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before
installation. NOTICE: When installing the battery, be sure the
6-30
NOTICE
Always keep the battery charged.
Storing a discharged battery can
cause permanent battery damage.
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 31 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
7.5
1
1 1
ZAUM1058
2
ZAUM1036
1. Main fuse
2. Spare main fuse
1. Fuse box
If a fuse for the individual circuits is
blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage. WARNING! Do not
6-31
10
10
10
20
7
10
ZAUM1037
6
20
10
TIP
Fuse tongs are included in the owner’s
tool kit. Use the tongs to remove and
install a fuse.
1 2 3 4 5 6
10
TIP
The main fuse, which is in a different
and hard-to-reach location, must be
replaced by a Yamaha dealer.
YP400R
7.5
The fuse box, which contains the fuses
for the individual circuits, is located behind panel C. (See page 6-8.)
use a fuse of a higher amperage
rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive damage to the electrical system and
possibly a fire. [EWA15132]
EAUM3091
Replacing the fuses
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Radiator fan fuse
ECU fuse
Backup fuse
Signaling system fuse
Headlight fuse
Ignition fuse
Spare fuse
Hazard fuse
U1SDE1E0.book Page 32 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
YP400RA
EAU34242
7.5
ZAUM1129
20
10
10
20
7
9
10
10
10
10
7.5
1 2 3 4 5 6
10
10
10
30
20
30
1. Radiator fan fuse
2. ECU fuse
3. Backup fuse
4. Signaling system fuse
5. Headlight fuse
6. Ignition fuse
7. Spare fuse
8. Hazard fuse
9. ABS control unit fuse
10.ABS motor fuse
11.ABS solenoid fuse
7
11
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
30.0 A
Ignition fuse:
10.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
10.0 A
Headlight fuse:
20.0 A
Hazard fuse:
10.0 A
Radiator fan fuse:
7.5 A
ABS control unit fuse:
YP400RA 10.0 A
ABS motor fuse:
YP400RA 30.0 A
ABS solenoid fuse:
YP400RA 20.0 A
Backup fuse:
10.0 A
3. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
check if the device operates.
4. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.
6-32
Replacing a headlight bulb
This model is equipped with halogen
bulb headlights. If a headlight bulb
burns out, have a Yamaha dealer replace it and, if necessary, adjust the
headlight beam.
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 33 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU24182
EAU39881
Tail/brake light
Front turn signal light
This model is equipped with an LEDtype tail/brake light.
If the tail/brake light does not come on,
have a Yamaha dealer check it.
If a front turn signal light does not
come on, have a Yamaha dealer check
its electrical circuit or replace the bulb.
EAUM3062
Replacing a rear turn signal
light bulb
1. Place the scooter on the centerstand.
2. Open the seat. (See page 3-16.)
3. Remove the rear storage compartment by removing the bolts.
4. Remove the socket (together with
the turn signal light bulb) by turning it counterclockwise.
1
6
2
ZAUM1052
1. Bolt
2. Storage compartment
5. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
6-33
U1SDE1E0.book Page 34 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
8. Place the rear storage compartment in the original position and
install the bolts.
9. Close the seat.
1
EAUM2203
Replacing the license plate
light bulb
1. Remove the socket (together with
the bulb) by pulling it out.
1
ZAUM1038
1. Turn signal light bulb socket
6. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
6
ZAUM1041
1. License plate light bulb socket
1
2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
pulling it out.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket.
4. Install the socket (together with
the bulb) by pushing it in.
2
ZAUM1039
1. Turn signal light bulb
2. Turn signal light bulb socket
7. Install the socket (together with
the bulb) by turning it clockwise.
6-34
U1SDE1E0.book Page 35 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU54501
6
EAU25882
Auxiliary light
Troubleshooting
This model is equipped with LED-type
auxiliary lights.
If an auxiliary light does not come on,
have a Yamaha dealer check it.
Although Yamaha scooters receive a
thorough inspection before shipment
from the factory, trouble may occur
during operation. Any problem in the
fuel, compression, or ignition systems,
for example, can cause poor starting
and loss of power.
The following troubleshooting charts
represent quick and easy procedures
for checking these vital systems yourself. However, should your scooter require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the scooter properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look
like Yamaha parts, but they are often
inferior, have a shorter service life and
can lead to expensive repair bills.
EWA15142
WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do
not smoke, and make sure there are
no open flames or sparks in the area, including pilot lights from water
6-35
heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or
gasoline vapors can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or property damage.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 36 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU42706
Troubleshooting charts
Starting problems or poor engine performance
1. Fuel
There is enough fuel.
Check the battery.
There is no fuel.
Supply fuel.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
2. Battery
The engine does not start.
Check the battery.
The engine turns over
quickly.
The battery is good.
The engine turns over
slowly.
Check the battery lead connections,
and have a Yamaha dealer charge
the battery if necessary.
Operate the electric starter.
3. Ignition
The engine does not start.
Check the ignition.
Wet
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gap, or replace the spark plug.
Operate the electric starter.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The engine does not start.
Check the compression.
Remove the spark plug
and check the electrodes.
4. Compression
There is compression.
The engine does not start.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
There is no compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
Operate the electric starter.
6-36
6
U1SDE1E0.book Page 37 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Engine overheating
EWAT1041
WARNING
 Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are hot. Scalding hot fluid and steam may be
blown out under pressure, which could cause serious injury. Be sure to wait until the engine has cooled.
 Place a thick rag, like a towel, over the radiator cap, and then slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise to the
detent to allow any residual pressure to escape. When the hissing sound has stopped, press down on the cap
while turning it counterclockwise, and then remove the cap.
The coolant level is low.
Check the cooling system
for leakage.
6
Wait until the
engine has cooled.
Check the coolant level in the
reservoir and radiator.
The coolant level
is OK.
There is
leakage.
There is
no leakage.
Have a Yamaha dealer check
and repair the cooling system.
Add coolant. (See TIP.)
Start the engine. If the engine overheats again, have a
Yamaha dealer check and repair the cooling system.
TIP
If coolant is not available, tap water can be temporarily used instead, provided that it is changed to the recommended coolant as soon as possible.
6-37
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
EAU37834
Matte color caution
EAU26096
Care
ECA15193
NOTICE
Some models are equipped with
matte colored finished parts. Be
sure to consult a Yamaha dealer for
advice on what products to use before cleaning the vehicle. Using a
brush, harsh chemical products or
cleaning compounds when cleaning
these parts will scratch or damage
their surface. Wax also should not
be applied to any matte colored finished parts.
While the open design of a scooter reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable.
Rust and corrosion can develop even if
high-quality components are used. A
rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed
on a car, however, it detracts from the
overall appearance of a scooter. Frequent and proper care does not only
comply with the terms of the warranty,
but it will also keep your scooter looking good, extend its life and optimize
its performance.
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers as well as all electrical couplers and connectors, including
the spark plug cap, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such prod7-1
ucts onto seals, gaskets and
wheel axles. Always rinse the dirt
and degreaser off with water.
Cleaning
ECA10784
NOTICE
 Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray.
 Improper cleaning can damage
plastic parts (such as cowlings,
panels, windshields, headlight
lenses, meter lenses, etc.) and
the mufflers. Use only a soft,
clean cloth or sponge with water to clean plastic. However, if
the plastic parts cannot be thoroughly cleaned with water, diluted mild detergent with water
may be used. Be sure to rinse
7
U1SDE1E0.book Page 2 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
7
off any detergent residue using
plenty of water, as it is harmful
to plastic parts.
 Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
cleaning products, solvent or
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid,
antifreeze or electrolyte.
 Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors,
instruments,
switches and lights), breather
hoses and vents.
 For scooters equipped with a
windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning
compounds for plastic may
leave scratches on the wind-
shield. Test the product on a
small hidden part of the windshield to make sure that it does
not leave any marks. If the windshield is scratched, use a quality
plastic polishing compound after washing.
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
and insects will come off more easily if
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
a few minutes before cleaning.
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on the
roads during winter are extremely corrosive in combination with water, carry
out the following steps after each ride
in the rain, near the sea or on saltsprayed roads.
7-2
TIP
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter
may remain well into spring.
1. Clean the scooter with cold water
and a mild detergent after the engine has cooled down. NOTICE:
Do not use warm water since it
increases the corrosive action
of the salt. [ECA10792]
2. Apply a corrosion protection spray
on all metal, including chromeand nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion.
Cleaning the windshield
Avoid using any alkaline or strong acid
cleaner, gasoline, brake fluid, or any
other solvent. Clean the windshield
with a cloth or sponge dampened with
a mild detergent, and then wash it off
thoroughly with water. For additional
cleaning, use Yamaha Windshield
Cleaner or another high-quality windshield cleaner. Some cleaning compounds for plastics may leave
scratches on the windshield. Before
using such cleaners, test an area of the
U1SDE1E0.book Page 3 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
windshield which does not affect your
visibility and which cannot be easily
recognized.
After cleaning
1. Dry the scooter with a chamois or
an absorbing cloth.
2. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal,
including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.
4. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
5. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted surfaces.
7. Let the scooter dry completely before storing or covering it.
EWA10943
WARNING
Contaminants on the brakes or tires
can cause loss of control.
 Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes or tires. If
necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or
acetone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild detergent.
 Before operating the scooter
test its braking performance
and cornering behavior.
ECA10801
NOTICE
 Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off
any excess.
 Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
 Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.
7-3
TIP
 Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on what products to use.
 Washing, rainy weather or humid
climates can cause the headlight
lens to fog. Turning the headlight
on for a short period of time will
help remove the moisture from the
lens.
7
U1SDE1E0.book Page 4 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
SCOOTER CARE AND STORAGE
EAU36564
Storage
Short-term
Always store your scooter in a cool, dry
place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover. Be
sure the engine and the exhaust system are cool before covering the
scooter.
ECA10821
NOTICE
7
 Storing the scooter in a poorly
ventilated room or covering it
with a tarp, while it is still wet,
will allow water and humidity to
seep in and cause rust.
 To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your scooter for several
months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
3. Perform the following steps to
protect the cylinder, piston rings,
etc. from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug cap
and spark plug.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine
oil into the spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug cap onto
the spark plug, and then place
the spark plug on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes are
grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This will
coat the cylinder wall with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug cap
from the spark plug, and then
install the spark plug and the
spark plug cap. WARNING! To
prevent damage or injury
from sparking, make sure to
ground the spark plug electrodes while turning the engine over. [EWA10952]
7-4
4. Lubricate all control cables and
the pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/centerstand.
5. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the scooter so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
6. Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag to prevent moisture
from entering it.
7. Remove the battery and fully charge it. Store it in a cool, dry place
and charge it once a month. Do
not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less
than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30
°C (90 °F)]. For more information
on storing the battery, see page
6-29.
TIP
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the scooter.
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions:
Overall length:
2190 mm (86.2 in)
Overall width:
780 mm (30.7 in)
Overall height:
1385 mm (54.5 in)
Seat height:
785 mm (30.9 in)
Wheelbase:
1565 mm (61.6 in)
Ground clearance:
103 mm (4.06 in)
Minimum turning radius:
2500 mm (98.4 in)
Engine oil:
Cooling system:
Recommended brand:
YAMALUBE
Type:
SAE 10W-30, 10W-40, 10W-50, 15W-40,
20W-40 or 20W-50
0
10 30 50 70 90 110 130 ˚F
SAE 10W-30
SAE 10W-40
SAE 10W-50
SAE 15W-40
SAE 20W-40
SAE 20W-50
Weight:
Curb weight:
YP400R 211 kg (465 lb)
YP400RA 215 kg (474 lb)
Engine:
Engine type:
Liquid cooled 4-stroke, DOHC
Cylinder arrangement:
Single cylinder
Displacement:
395 cm³
Bore × stroke:
83.0 × 73.0 mm (3.27 × 2.87 in)
Compression ratio:
10.60 : 1
Starting system:
Electric starter
Lubrication system:
Wet sump
–20 –10 0
10 20 30 40 50 ˚C
Recommended engine oil grade:
API service SG type or higher, JASO
standard MA
Engine oil quantity:
Without oil filter element replacement:
1.50 L (1.59 US qt, 1.32 Imp.qt)
With oil filter element replacement:
1.70 L (1.80 US qt, 1.50 Imp.qt)
Final transmission oil:
Type:
YAMALUBE 10W-40 or SAE 10W-30 type
SE motor oil
Quantity:
0.25 L (0.26 US qt, 0.22 Imp.qt)
8-1
Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the
maximum level mark):
0.31 L (0.33 US qt, 0.27 Imp.qt)
Radiator capacity (including all routes):
1.38 L (1.46 US qt, 1.21 Imp.qt)
Air filter:
Air filter element:
Oil-coated paper element
Fuel:
Recommended fuel:
Premium unleaded gasoline (Gasohol (E10)
acceptable)
Fuel tank capacity:
14.0 L (3.70 US gal, 3.08 Imp.gal)
Fuel reserve amount:
2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
Fuel injection:
Throttle body:
ID mark:
5RUG 20
Spark plug(s):
Manufacturer/model:
NGK/CR7E
Spark plug gap:
0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
Clutch:
Clutch type:
Dry, centrifugal automatic
Transmission:
Primary reduction ratio:
1.000
Final drive:
Gear
8
U1SDE1E0.book Page 2 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
SPECIFICATIONS
Secondary reduction ratio:
6.643 (31/14 x 42/14)
Transmission type:
V-belt automatic
Operation:
Centrifugal automatic type
Chassis:
Frame type:
Underbone
Caster angle:
28.00 °
Trail:
100 mm (3.9 in)
Front tire:
8
Type:
Tubeless
Size:
120/70-15 M/C 56S
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP
Manufacturer/model:
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28
Rear tire:
Type:
Tubeless
Size:
150/70-13 M/C 64S
Manufacturer/model:
MICHELIN/CITY GRIP
Manufacturer/model:
SAVA/DIAMONDS MC28
Loading:
Maximum load:
YP400R 185 kg (408 lb)
YP400RA 181 kg (399 lb)
(Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo
and accessories)
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
Loading condition:
0–90 kg (0–198 lb)
Front:
220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi)
Rear:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Loading condition:
YP400R 90–185 kg (198–408 lb)
YP400RA 90–181 kg (198–399 lb)
Front:
220 kPa (2.20 kgf/cm², 32 psi)
Rear:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Front wheel:
Wheel type:
Cast wheel
Rim size:
15 x MT3.50
Operation:
Right hand operation
Specified brake fluid:
DOT 4
Rear brake:
Type:
Single disc brake
Operation:
Left hand operation
Specified brake fluid:
DOT 4
Front suspension:
Type:
Telescopic fork
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
110.0 mm (4.33 in)
Rear suspension:
Type:
Unit swing
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
92.0 mm (3.62 in)
Electrical system:
Ignition system:
TCI
Charging system:
AC magneto
Rear wheel:
Wheel type:
Cast wheel
Rim size:
13 x MT4.00
Battery:
Model:
GT9B-4
Front brake:
Type:
Dual disc brake
8-2
U1SDE1E0.book Page 3 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
SPECIFICATIONS
Voltage, capacity:
12 V, 8.0 Ah
Headlight:
Bulb type:
Halogen bulb
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight:
12 V, 55.0 W × 2
Tail/brake light:
LED
Front turn signal light:
12 V, 10.0 W × 2
Rear turn signal light:
12 V, 10.0 W × 2
Auxiliary light:
LED
License plate light:
12 V, 5.0 W × 1
Meter lighting:
12 V, 2.0 W × 3
High beam indicator light:
12 V, 1.4 W × 1
Turn signal indicator light:
12 V, 1.4 W × 2
Engine trouble warning light:
12 V, 1.4 W × 1
ABS warning light:
YP400RA 12 V, 1.4 W × 1
Immobilizer system indicator light:
LED
Headlight fuse:
20.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
10.0 A
Ignition fuse:
10.0 A
Radiator fan fuse:
7.5 A
Hazard fuse:
10.0 A
ECU fuse:
10.0 A
ABS control unit fuse:
YP400RA 10.0 A
ABS motor fuse:
YP400RA 30.0 A
ABS solenoid fuse:
YP400RA 20.0 A
Backup fuse:
10.0 A
8
Fuses:
Main fuse:
30.0 A
8-3
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU48613
Identification numbers
EAU26411
Vehicle identification number
Record the vehicle identification number and model label information in the
spaces provided below for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a
Yamaha dealer or for reference in case
the vehicle is stolen.
EAU26461
Model label
1
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
ZAUM0683
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
9
1. Vehicle identification number
1. Model label
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the frame.
The model label is affixed to the location shown. Record the information on
this label in the space provided. This
information will be needed when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer.
TIP
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your vehicle and may
be used to register it with the licensing
authority in your area.
9-1
U1SDE1E0.book Page 1 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INDEX
A
ABS (for ABS models) .......................... 3-12
ABS warning light (for ABS models) ....... 3-4
Acceleration and deceleration................ 5-3
Air filter elements and check hoses
and V-belt case air filter element ....... 6-18
Anti-theft alarm (optional) ..................... 3-10
Auxiliary light ........................................ 6-35
Front fork, checking ............................. 6-28
Front turn signal light ........................... 6-33
Fuel ...................................................... 3-14
Fuel consumption, tips for reducing ...... 5-4
Fuel tank cap........................................ 3-13
Fuses, replacing................................... 6-31
Handlebar switches ............................. 3-10
Hazard switch ...................................... 3-11
Headlight bulb, replacing ..................... 6-32
High beam indicator light ....................... 3-4
Horn switch .......................................... 3-11
I
Identification numbers ........................... 9-1
Ignition circuit cut-off system .............. 3-19
Immobilizer system ................................ 3-1
Immobilizer system indicator light ......... 3-4
Indicator lights and warning lights ......... 3-3
C
Cables, checking and lubricating ......... 6-26
Care ........................................................ 7-1
Catalytic converters.............................. 3-15
Centerstand and sidestand, checking
and lubricating ................................... 6-27
Coolant ................................................. 6-16
D
Dimmer switch...................................... 3-11
E
Engine break-in ...................................... 5-4
Engine oil and oil filter element............. 6-13
Engine trouble warning light................... 3-4
F
Final transmission oil ............................ 6-15
Front and rear brake lever free play,
checking............................................. 6-23
Front and rear brake pads, checking ... 6-24
Safe-riding points ................................... 1-5
Safety information................................... 1-1
Seat....................................................... 3-16
Shock absorber assemblies,
adjusting ............................................. 3-18
Sidestand.............................................. 3-18
Spark plug, checking............................ 6-11
Specifications ......................................... 8-1
Speedometer .......................................... 3-5
Starting off .............................................. 5-2
Starting the engine ................................. 5-1
Start switch........................................... 3-11
Steering, checking ................................ 6-29
Storage ................................................... 7-4
Storage compartments......................... 3-16
H
B
Battery .................................................. 6-29
Brake fluid, changing............................ 6-26
Brake fluid level, checking.................... 6-24
Brake lever, front .................................. 3-11
Brake lever, rear ................................... 3-12
Brake levers, lubricating ....................... 6-27
Braking ................................................... 5-3
S
T
Tachometer............................................. 3-6
Tail/brake light ...................................... 6-33
Throttle grip and cable, checking and
lubricating........................................... 6-26
Throttle grip free play, checking ........... 6-20
Tires ...................................................... 6-21
Tool kit .................................................... 6-2
Troubleshooting.................................... 6-35
Troubleshooting charts......................... 6-36
Turn signal indicator lights...................... 3-3
Turn signal light bulb (rear),
replacing............................................. 6-33
Turn signal switch................................. 3-11
L
License plate light bulb, replacing ....... 6-34
M
Main switch/steering lock ...................... 3-2
Maintenance and lubrication, periodic... 6-4
Maintenance, emission control
system ................................................. 6-3
Matte color, caution ............................... 7-1
Model label............................................. 9-1
Multi-function display............................. 3-6
P
Panels, removing and installing ............. 6-8
Parking ................................................... 5-5
Part locations ......................................... 2-1
Pass switch .......................................... 3-11
10-1
V
Valve clearance..................................... 6-20
Vehicle identification number ................. 9-1
10
U1SDE1E0.book Page 2 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
INDEX
W
Wheel bearings, checking .................... 6-29
Wheels .................................................. 6-22
10
10-2
U1SDE1E0.book Page 3 Monday, September 23, 2013 3:55 PM
Original instructions
MBK Industrie
Z.I. de Rouvroy 02100 Saint Quentin
PRINTED IN FRANCE
2013.09 (E)
DIC183
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