armorstart distributed motor controller

armorstart distributed motor controller
QUICK START
ARMORSTART® DISTRIBUTED
MOTOR CONTROLLER
Getting Started
BULLETIN 284D
Introduction
This guide provides the basic information required to start up your
ArmorStart® Distributed Motor Controller. Factory default settings
and information regarding installing, programming, and DeviceNet™
Node Commissioning are described here. For detailed information on
specific product features or configurations, refer to the ArmorStart
user manual, Publication 284-UM001*-EN-P.
This guide is intended for qualified service personnel responsible for
setting up and servicing these devices. You must have previous
experience with and a basic understanding of electrical terminology,
configuration procedures, required equipment, and safety precautions.
You should understand DeviceNet network operations, including how
slave devices operate on a network and communicate with a
DeviceNet master. You should also be familiar with RSNetWorx™
for DeviceNet. You must use RSNetWorx for DeviceNet revision
3.21 service pack 2 or later. This software package is referred to
often in this manual. Rockwell Automation product EDS files are
available on the internet at: http://www.ab.com/networks/eds.
3
Installation
The ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller is convection cooled.
Operating temperature must be kept between -20…40°C (-4…104°F).
Dimensions
Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 1 Dimensions for 1 Hp and below @ 230V AC, 2 Hp and below @ 460V AC,
and 2 Hp and below @ 575V AC, IP67/NEMA Type 4 with Conduit
Entrance
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Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 2 Dimensions for 1 Hp and below @ 230V AC, 2 Hp and below @ 460V AC,
and 2 Hp and below @ 575V AC, IP67/NEMA Type 4 with
ArmorConnect™ Connectivity
ArmorStart device with a 10 A short circuit protection rating
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Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 3 Dimensions for 2 Hp @ 230V AC, 3 Hp and above @ 460V AC, and 3 Hp and
above @ 575V AC, IP67/NEMA Type 4 with Conduit Entrance
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Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 4 Dimensions for 2 Hp @ 230V AC, 3 Hp and above @ 460V AC, and 3 Hp and
above @ 575V AC, IP67/NEMA Type 4 with ArmorConnect Connectivity
ArmorStart device with a 25 A short circuit protection rating
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Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 5 Dimensions for 1 Hp and below @ 230V AC, 2 Hp and below @ 460V AC,
and 2 Hp and below @ 575V AC, NEMA Type 4X with Conduit Entrance
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Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 6 Dimensions for 1 Hp and below @ 230V AC, 2 Hp and below @ 460V AC,
and 2 Hp and below @ 575V AC, NEMA Type 4X with ArmorConnect™
Connectivity
ArmorStart device with a 10 A short circuit protection rating
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Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 7 Dimensions for 2 Hp @ 230V AC, 3 Hp and above @ 460V AC, and 3 Hp and
above @ 575V AC, NEMA Type 4X with Conduit Entrance
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Dimensions are shown in millimeters (inches). Dimensions are not intended
to be used for manufacturing purposes. All dimensions are subject to
change.
Figure 8 Dimensions for 2 Hp @ 230V AC, 3 Hp and above @ 460V AC, and 3 Hp and
above @ 575V AC, NEMA Type 4X with ArmorConnect Connectivity
ArmorStart device with a 25 A short circuit protection rating
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Wiring
Power, Control, Safety Monitor Inputs, and Ground Wiring
Table 1 provides the power, control, safety monitor inputs, ground wire
capacity and the tightening torque requirements. The power, control,
ground, and safety monitor terminals will accept a maximum of two wires
per terminal.
Table 1
Terminal Designations for
Conduit Entrance
Power, Control, Safety Monitor Inputs, Ground Wire Size, and Torque
Specifications
Terminals
Wire Size
Torque
Wire Strip Length
Power
and
Ground
Primary/Secondary
Terminal:
1.0…4.0 mm2
(#18 …#10 AWG)
Primary Terminal:
10.6…21.6 lb.-in.
(1.2…2.4 N•m)
Secondary Terminal:
5.3…7.3 lb.-in
(0.6…0.8 N•m)
0.35 in. (9 mm)
Control and Safety
Monitor Inputs
0.34mm2…4.0 mm2
(#22…#10 AWG)
5.0…5.6 lb.-in
(0.6 N•m)
0.35 in. (9 mm)
As shown in Figure 9, the ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller contains
terminals for power, control, safety monitor inputs, and ground wiring.
Access can be gained by removing the terminal access cover plate.
Figure 9 ArmorStart Power, Control, and Safety Monitor Terminals
Secondaries
Primaries
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Table 2
Power, Control, Safety Monitor, and Ground Terminal Designations
Terminal Designations
No. of Poles
Description
SM1 ➊
SM2 ➊
A1 (+)
A2 (-)
PE
1/L1
3/L3
5/L5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Safety Monitor Input
Safety Monitor Input
Control Power Input
Control Power Common
Ground
Line Power Phase A
Line Power Phase B
Line Power Phase C
➊ Only available with the Safety Monitor option.
Operation of NEMA Type 4X
Disconnect Handle
To Open Disconnect Handle
1. Rotate locking ring 45° until it stops.
2. To open, push the tab on the left-hand side and lift the access cover.
Note: The access door can not be closed when 140 (black handle) is in the
OFF position.
To Close Disconnect Handle for Lockout/Tag out
With disconnect handle in the ON position, rotate lockout/tag out ring
counterclockwise until the disconnect handle is in the OFF position.
Note: The disconnect hanlde is designed to be used with a 1/4 in.
lockout/tag out padlock.
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ArmorConnect Power Media
Description
The ArmorStart Power Media offers both three-phase and control power
cable system of cordsets, patchcords, receptacles, tees, reducers and
accessories to be utilized with the ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller.
These cable system components allow quick connection of ArmorStart
Distributed Motor Controllers and reduce installation time. They provide
for repeatable, reliable connection of the three-phase and control power to
the ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller and motor by providing a plug
and play environment that also avoids system mis-wiring. When specifying
power media for use with the ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controllers
(Bulletins 280, 281, 283, and 284) use only Bulletin 280 ArmorConnect™
power media.
Figure 10 Three-Phase Power System Overview
Enclosure
PLC
Bulletin 1492FB
Branch Circuit
Protective Device
Bulletin 1606
Power Supply
1606-XLSDNET4
DeviceNet
Power Supply
Bulletin 284
ArmorStart
Bulletin 283
ArmorStart
Bulletin 280/281
ArmorStart
RESET
OFF
Bulletin 800F
Emergency Stop
Pushbutton
➊ Three-Phase Power Trunk- PatchCord cable with integral female or male connector on each end. (Example Part Number: 280-PWR35A-M*)
➋ Three-Phase Drop Cable- PatchCord cable with integral female or male connector on each end. (Example Part Number: 280-PWR22A-M*)
➌ Three-Phase Power Tees and Reducer Tee connects to a single drop line to trunk with quick change connectors – Part Number: 280-T35
Reducing Tee connects to a single drop line (Mini) to trunk (Quick change) connector – Part Number: 280-RT35
Reducer connects from quick change male connector to mini female connector– Part Number: 280-RA35
➍ Three-Phase Power Receptacles Female receptacles are a panel mount connector with flying leads – Part Number: 280-M35F-M1
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Figure 11 Control Power Media System Overview
Enclosure
PLC
Bulletin 1492FB
Branch Circuit
Protective Device
Bulletin 1606
Power Supply
1606-XLSDNET4
DeviceNet
Power Supply
Bulletin 284
ArmorStart
Bulletin 283
ArmorStart
Bulletin 280/281
ArmorStart
RESET
OFF
Bulletin 800F
Emergency Stop
Pushbutton
➏ Control Power Media Patchcords - PatchCord cable with integral female or male connector on each end
Example Part Number: 889N-F65GFNM-*
➐ Control Power Tees - The E-stop In Tee (Part Number: 898N-653ES-NKF) is used to connect to the Bulletin 800F On-Machine E-Stop station using a
control power media patchcord. The E-stop Out tee (Part Number: 898N-653ST-NKF) is used with cordset or patchcord to connect to the ArmorStart
Distributed Motor Controller.
➑ Control Power Receptacles - Female receptacles are a panel mount connector with flying leads –
Part Number: 888N-D65AF1-*
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ArmorStart with ArmorConnect Connectivity
ArmorStart devices with 25 A short
circuit protection rating
ArmorStart devices with 10 A short
circuit protection rating
Control Power Receptacle
Three-Phase Power Receptacle
Control Power Receptacle
Three-Phase Power Receptacle
Installing ArmorConnect Power Media using Cord Grids
Cord Grips for ArmorStart Devices with 10 A short circuit protection rating
3/4 in. Lock Nut
Thomas & Betts Cord Grip
Part Number: 2931NM
3/4 in. Stain Relief Cord Connector
Cable Range: 0.31…0.56 in.
Used with Control Power Media
Cordset - Example Part Number:
889N-M65GF-M2
1 in. Lock Nut
Thomas & Betts Cord Grip
Part Number: 2940NM
1 in. Stain Relief Cord Connector
Cable Range: 0.31…0.56 in.
Used with Three-Phase Power
Media Cordset - Example Part
Number: 280-PWR22G-M1
Cord Grips for ArmorStart Devices with 25 A short circuit protection rating
3/4 in. Lock Nut
Thomas & Betts Cord Grip
Part Number: 2931NM
3/4 in. Stain Relief Cord Connector
Cable Range: 0.31…0.56 in.
Used with Control Power Media
Cordset - Example Part Number:
889N-M65GF-M2
1 in. Lock Nut
Thomas & Betts Cord Grip
Part Number: 2942NM
1 in. Stain Relief Cord Connector
Cable Range: 0.70…0.95 in.
Used with Three-Phase Power
Media Cordset - Example Part
Number: 280-PWR35G-M1
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Terminal Designations
Description
Color Code
A1 (+)
Control Power Input
Blue
A2 (-)
Control Power Common
Black
PE
Ground
Green/Yellow
1/L1
Line Power - Phase A
Black
2/L2
Line Power - Phase B
White
3/L3
Line Power - Phase C
Red
ArmorConnect Cable Ratings
The ArmorConnect Power Media cables are rated per UL Type TC
600V 90 °C Dry 75 °C Wet, Exposed Run (ER) or MTW 600V 90 °C or
STOOW 105 °C 600V - CSA STOOW 600V FT2. For additional
information regarding ArmorConnect Power Media see the ArmorStart
User Manual.
Branch Circuit Protection Requirements for ArmorConnect™
Three-Phase Power Media
When using ArmorConnect Three-Phase Power Media, only fuses can be
used for the motor branch circuit protective device, for the group motor
installations. The recommended fuse types are the following: Class CC, T,
or J type fuses. For additional information, see the ArmorStart User
Manual.
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Group Motor Installations for USA and Canada Markets
The ArmorStart Distributed Motor controllers are listed for use with each
other in group installations per NFPA 79, Electrical Standard for Industrial
Machinery. When applied according to the group motor installation
requirements, two or more motors, of any rating or controller type, are
permitted on a single branch circuit. Group Motor Installation has been
successfully used for many years in the USA and Canada.
Wiring and Workmanship Guidelines
In addition to conduit and seal-tite raceway, it is acceptable to utilize cable
that is dual rated Tray Cable, Type TC-ER and Cord, STOOW, for power
and control wiring on ArmorStart installations. In the USA and Canada
installations, the following guidance is outlined by the NEC and NFPA 79.
In industrial establishments where the conditions of maintenance and
supervision ensure that only qualified persons service the installation, and
where the exposed cable is continuously supported and protected against
physical damage using mechanical protection, such as struts, angles, or
channels, Type TC tray cable that complies with the crush and impact
requirements of Type MC (Metal Clad) cable and is identified for such use
with the marking Type TC-ER (Exposed Run)* shall be permitted between
a cable tray and the utilization equipment or device as open wiring. The
cable shall be secured at intervals not exceeding 1.8 m (6 ft) and installed in
a “good workman-like” manner. Equipment grounding for the utilization
equipment shall be provided by an equipment grounding conductor within
the cable.
*Historically cable meeting these crush and impact requirements were
designated and marked “Open Wiring”. Cable so marked is equivalent to the
present Type TC-ER and can be used.
While the ArmorStart is intended for installation in factory floor
environments of industrial establishments, the following must be taken into
consideration when locating the ArmorStart in the application: Cables,
including those for control voltage including 24V DC and communications,
are not to be exposed to an operator or building traffic on a continuous
basis. Location of the ArmorStart to minimize exposure to continual traffic
is recommended. If location to minimize traffic flow is unavoidable, other
barriers to minimize inadvertent exposure to the cabling should be
considered. Routing cables should be done in such a manner to minimize
inadvertent exposure and/or damage.
Additionally, if conduit or other raceways are not used, it is recommended
that strain relief fittings be utilized when installing the cables for the control
and power wiring through the conduit openings.
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The working space around the ArmorStart may be minimized as the
ArmorStart does not require examination, adjustment, servicing or
maintenance while energized. In lieu of this service, the ArmorStart is
meant to be unplugged and replaced after proper lockout/tag-out procedures
have been employed.
Since the ArmorStart is available with a factory installed HOA keypad
option this may require the ArmorStart to be selected and installed as
follows if the application requires frequent use of the hand operated
interface by the equipment operator:
1. They are not less than 0.6 m (2 ft) above the servicing level and are
within easy reach of the normal working position of the operator.
2. The operator is not placed in a hazardous situation when operating
them.
3. The possibility of inadvertent operation is minimized.
If the operated interface is used in industrial establishments where the
conditions of maintenance and supervision ensure that only qualified
persons operate and service the ArmorStart's operator interface, and the
installation is located so that inadvertent operation is minimized then other
installation locations with acceptable access can be provided.
DeviceNet Network Installation
The ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller contains the equivalent of
30 in. (0.76 m) of Device Net drop cable's electrical characteristics and
therefore 30 in. of drop cable must be included in the DeviceNet drop cable
budget for each ArmorStart in addition to actual drop cable required for the
installation.
Other DeviceNet System Design Considerations
The separation of the control power and DeviceNet power is recommended
as a good design practice. This minimizes the load on the DeviceNet supply,
and prevents transients which may be present on the control power system
from influencing the communication controls.
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AC Supply Considerations
Ungrounded Distribution Systems
ATTENTION
!
The Bulletin 284 contains protective MOVs that are
referenced to ground. These devices should be
disconnected if the Bulletin 284 is installed on an
ungrounded distribution system.
Disconnecting MOVS
To prevent drive damage, the MOVs connected to ground shall be
disconnected if the drive is installed on an ungrounded distribution system
where the line-to-ground voltages on any phase could exceed 125% of the
nominal line-to-line voltage. To disconnect these devices, remove the
jumper shown in Figure 13, Jumper Removal.
1. Before installing the Bulletin 284, loosen four mounting screws.
2. Unplug control module from the base unit by pulling forward.
Figure 12 Removal of Control Module
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Figure 13 Jumper Removal
Remove Jumper
ATTENTION
Do not remove this jumper if the unit is equipped with an
EMI filter installed.
!
LED Status Indication
The LED Status Indication provides 4 status LEDs and a Reset button. The
LEDs provide status indication for the following:
•
•
•
•
POWER LED
The LED is illuminated solid green when control power is present and
with the proper polarity
RUN LED
This LED is illuminated solid green when a start command and control
power are present
NETWORK LED
This bi-color (red/green) LED indicates the status of the
communication link
FAULT LED
Indicates Controller Fault (trip) condition
The “Reset Button” as a local trip reset.
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Figure 14 LED Status Indication and Reset
DeviceNet Node Commissioning
ATTENTION
!
Three-phase power must be applied to the Bulletin 284
Distributed Motor Controller to gain access to drive
parameters.
Establishing a DeviceNet Node Address
The ArmorStart is shipped with a default node address of 63 and Autobaud
enabled. Each device on a DeviceNet network must have a unique node
address or MAC ID which can be set to a value from 0…63. Keep in mind
that most DeviceNet systems use address 0 for the master device (Scanner)
and node address 63 should be left vacant for introduction of new slave
devices. The ArmorStart offers two methods for node commissioning as
shown in the following pages.
Node Commissioning using Software
To set the node address of the ArmorStart using software or other handheld
tools, leave the hardware rotary switches in their default position (99) or
insure that they are set to something greater then (63). With the hardware
switches set, use the software or handheld tool to change the address.
When using software to node commission a device, it may be necessary to
have the EDS file stored on the computer. The EDS file defines how the
software such as RSNetWorx for DeviceNet will communicate to the
ArmorStart. Rockwell Automation product EDS files are available on the
internet at: http://www.ab.com/networks/eds. You must use RSNetWorx
for DeviceNet Revision 3.21 Service Pack 2 or later.
Node Commissioning using Hardware
The ArmorStart is shipped with the hardware rotary switches set to a value
of (99). If the switches are set to a value of (64) or above, the device will
automatically configure itself to the software node address. If the switches
are set to a value of (63) or less, the device will be at the node address
designated by the switch configuration.
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To set an address using the hardware rotary switches, simply set the
switches to the desired node address. To access the node address rotary
switches, three-phase and control power should be turned off. Then remove
the starter module from the base unit. The rotary node address switches are
located on the back side of the starter module. Change the switches to the
desired node address. Re-install the starter module to the base unit. Reapply
power and the device will re-start at the new address.
MSD
LSD
Figure 15 Rotary Node Address Configuration
System Configuration Information
The following information is provided to identify the default method for
setting up communication to the ArmorStart. Additional configuration
information and advanced settings help can be found in the ArmorStart User
Manual, Publication 284-UM001*-EN-P.
Using Automap Feature with Default Input and Output (I/O) Assemblies
The Automap feature available in all Rockwell Automation scanners will
automatically map the information as shown below. If manual mapping is
required, the information below can be used to map a device based on the
default configuration.
Table 3
Default I/O Messaging Data
Default
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Message type
Polled
Consumed data size
4 byte (Rx)
Produced data size
4 bytes (Tx)
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Default Input and Output (I/O) Assembly Formats
The I/O assembly formats for the ArmorStart are identified by the value in
Parameter 11 (Consumed IO Assy.) and Parameter 12 (Produced IO Assy.).
These values determine the amount and arrangement of the information
communicated to the master scanner. The tables below identify the default
information produced and consumed by Bulletin 284 devices. For additional
formats and advance configurations please reference the user manual:
Defaults for Bulletin 284 Distributed Motor Controllers
Table 4
Byte
Instance 164 — Default Consumed Inverter Type Distributed Starter
(4 bytes)
Bit 7
Bit 6
0
User User
Out B Out A
1
Drive
In 4
Drive
In 3
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
—
Jog
Rev
Jog Fwd
Fault Reset
Run Rev
Run Fwd
Decel Rate 1
Enable
Accel Rate 2
Enable
Accel Rate 1
Enable
Drive Drive Decel Rate 2
In 2
In 1
Enable
2
Comm Frequency Command (Low) (xxx.x Hz)
3
Comm Frequency Command (High) (xxx.x Hz)
Table 5
Instance 165 — Default Produced Inverter Type Distributed Starter
(4 bytes)
Byte
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
At
Reference
Net Ref
Status
Net Ctl
Status
Ready
Running
Rev
Running
Fwd
Alarm
Tripped
1
Contactor 2
➊
Contactor 1
➋
140M
On
HOA
Status
Input 3
Input 2
Input 1
Input 0
2
Output Frequency (Low) (xxx.x Hz)
3
Output Frequency (High) (xxx.x Hz)
➊ Refers to output contactor status.
➋ Refers to source brake contactor status.
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Setting the Motor OL Current
The product should now be configured and communicating on the network.
The last step is to program the proper motor OL current setting
(Parameter 133). This can be accomplished by using software such as
RSNetWorx for DeviceNet or a handheld DeviceNet tool.
Use the software to access the device parameters screen. By default the
motor OL current is set to the minimum motor OL current setting for the
device. Set this parameter to the desired value and download to the device.
Select Motor OL Current (Parameter 133) and enter a value that
corresponds to the FLA of the motor connected to the ArmorStart. Make
sure the Single radio button is selected and then select Download to Device.
The proper motor protection is now in place.
Figure 16 RSNetWorx Parameter Screen
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Bulletin 284 Pararmeters
Table 6
Basic Program Group for Sensorless Vector Performance
Parameter
Number
Parameter
Description
Display/
Options
Min./
Max.
Defaults
Settings
131 ➊
Motor NP Volts
1 VAC
20/Drive Rated
Volts
Based on
Driving
Rating
132 ➊
Motor NP Hz
1 Hz
10/240 Hz
60 Hz
133
Motor OL
Current
0.1 A
0.0/(Drive Rated
Amps x 2)
Based on
Driving
Rating
134
Minimum Freq.
0.1 Hz
0.0/240 Hz
0.0 Hz
135 ➊
Maximum
Freq.
0.1 Hz
0.0/240 Hz
60 Hz
Start Source
0 = Keypad ➋
1 = 3-Wire ➋
2 = 2-Wire
3 = 2-W Lvl Sens
4 = 2-W Hi Speed
5 = Comm Port
0/5
5
Stop Mode
0 = Ramp, CF
1 = Coast, CF
2 = DC Brake, CF
3 = DCBrkAuto, CF
4 = Ramp
5 = Coast
6 = DC Brake
7 = DC BrakeAuto
0/7
0
138
Speed
Reference
0 = Drive Pot ➋
1 = InternalFreq
2 = 0…10V Input ➋
3 = 4…20 mA Input ➋
4 = Preset Freq
5 = Comm Port
0/5
5
139
Accel Time 1
0.1 Secs
0.0/600.0 Secs
10.0 Secs
140
Decel Time 1
0.1 Secs
0.0/600.0 Secs
10.0 Secs
141 ➊
Reset to
Default
0 = Ready/Idle
1 = FactoryRset
0/1
0
136 ➊
137
➊ Stop drive before changing this parameter.
➋ See Important below:
IMPORTANT
These drive parameters options will cause the
Bulletin 284 ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller to
become disabled.
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Table 7
Basic Program Group for Sensorless Vector Control
Parameter
Number
Parameter
Description
Display/
Options
Min./
Max.
Defaults
Settings
131 ➊
Motor NP Volts
1 VAC
20/Drive Rated
Volts
Based on
Driving
Rating
132 ➊
Motor NP Hz
1 Hz
15/400 Hz
60 Hz
133
Motor OL
Current
0.1 A
0.0/(Drive Rated
Amps x 2)
Based on
Driving
Rating
134
Minimum Freq.
0.1 Hz
0.0/400 Hz
0.0 Hz
135 ➊
Maximum
Freq.
0.1 Hz
0.0/400 Hz
60 Hz
Start Source
0 = Keypad ➋
1 = 3-Wire ➋
2 = 2-Wire
3 = 2-W Lvl Sens
4 = 2-W Hi Speed
5 = Comm Port
0/5
5
Stop Mode
0 = Ramp, CF
1 = Coast, CF
2 = DC Brake, CF
3 = DCBrkAuto, CF
4 = Ramp
5 = Coast
6 = DC Brake
7 = DC BrakeAuto
8 = Ramp + EM B, CF
9 = Ramp + EM Brk
0/9
9
138
Speed
Reference
0 = Drive Pot ➋
1 = InternalFreq
2 = 0…10V Input ➋ ➌
3 = 4…20 mA Input ➋
4 = Preset Freq
5 = Comm Port
6 = Stp Logic
7 = Anlg in Mult ➋
0/7
5
139
Accel Time 1
0.1 Secs
0.0/600.0 Secs
10.0 Secs
140
Decel Time 1
0.1 Secs
0.0/600.0 Secs
10.0 Secs
141 ➊
Reset to
Default
0 = Ready/Idle
1 = FactoryRset
0/1
0
136 ➊
137
➊ Stop drive before changing this parameter.
➋ See Important below:
➌ Available with the A10 factory installed option.
IMPORTANT
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These drive parameters options will cause the
Bulletin 284 ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller to
become disabled.
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Quick Reference
Troubleshooting
There are four LEDs on the front of the ArmorStart that can provide an
indication as to the health of the device. The following is a brief explanation
of the operation of each LED.
Table 8
LED Status Indication
LED
Definition
Power
This LED will be illuminated solid green when control power is present and with
the proper polarity.
This LED will be illuminated solid green when a start command and control
power are present.
Run
Network
This bi-color LED is used to indicate the status of the DeviceNet network. See
the Network Status LED table below for additional information.
Fault
This LED is used to indicate the fault status of the ArmorStart. When the unit is
faulted, the unit will respond with a specific blink pattern to identify the fault.
See the Fault LED table below for additional information.
Table 9
Network Status LED
Network LED Status Indication
Definition
Possible Causes
Off
The device has not completed the initialization, is
Check to make sure the product is properly wired and configured on
not on an active network, or may not be powered up. the network.
Flashes green-red-off
While waiting to detect the network baud rate, the
LED will flash this pattern about every 3 seconds.
If the product stays in this state it means that there is no set baud
rate. Insure that at least one device on the network has a set baud
rate.
Solid Green
The device is operating in a normal condition, and is
communicating to another device on the network.
No action required.
Flashing Green
The device is operating in a normal condition, is
on-line, but with no connection to another device.
This is the typical state for new devices.
The device may need to be mapped to a master scanner, placed in a
scanlist, or have another device communicate to it.
Flashing Red
Recoverable fault has occurred.
Check to make sure the PLC™ and scanner are operating correctly
and that there are no media/cabling issues. Check to see if other
networked devices are in a similar state.
Solid Red
The device has detected a major error that has
rendered it incapable of communicating on the
network (Duplicate MAC ID, Bus-off, media issue).
Troubleshooting should be done to ensure that the network is correct
(terminators, lengths, etc.) and there is not a duplicate node problem.
If other devices on the network appear to be operating fine and power
cycling the device does not work, contact Technical Support.
Flashing Red and
Green
The device is in a communication faulted state.
Power cycling the device may resolve the problem; however, if the
problem continues, it may be necessary to contact Technical Support.
Fault Definitions
Some of the Bulletin 284 ArmorStart Distributed Motor Controller faults
are detected by the internal hardware of the ArmorStart, while others are
detected by the internal drive. For internal drive faults, the internal hardware
of the ArmorStart simply polls the drive for the existence of faults and
reports the fault state. No fault latching is done by the internal hardware of
the ArmorStart for these faults. The Pr FltReset Mode parameter
(Parameter 23) determines the Auto Resettability of only the faults that are
detected on the main control board. These faults are listed as “param 23”
autoresettable in Table 10. The Auto Resettability of the faults that are
detected in the internal drive is controlled by internal drive parameters.
These faults are listed as drive controlled in Table 10.
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
28
Fault LED Indications for
Bulletin 284D ArmorStart
Distributed Motor Controllers
Table 10 Controller Fault LED Definitions
Fault Definitions
Blink
Pattern
ArmorStart
Drive Controlled
1
Short (140M)
—
2
—
Overload Fault
(Drive Error Codes 7 and 64)
3
—
Phase Short (Drive Error Codes
41…43)
4
—
Ground Fault (Drive Error Codes
13, 38…40)
5
—
Motor Stalled
(Drive Error Code 6)
Possible Causes or Remedies
6
Control
Power
—
7
I/O Fault
—
8
—
9
—
Heatsink Overtemperature
(Drive Error Code 8)
Over-Current
(Drive Error Codes 12 and 63)
—
10
DNet Power
Loss
11
12
Internal
Comm
—
13
—
EEPROM Fault/Internal Comm
Flt
(Drive Error Codes 81 and 100)
14
—
Hardware Fault
(Drive Error Codes 2, 70, and
122)
15
—
16
—
Auto Restart Tries
(Drive Error Code 33)
Miscellaneous Fault
—
DC Bus Fault
(Drive Error Codes 3, 4, and 5)
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
The circuit breaker has tripped. Try to reset the breaker. If the condition continues check the
power wiring. This fault cannot be disabled.
An excessive motor load exists. Reduce load so drive output current does not exceed the current
set by Parameter 133 (Motor OL Current) and verify Parameter 184 (Boost Select) setting.
Reduce load or extend Accel Time. This fault cannot be disabled.
The ArmorStart has detected a phase short. Excessive current has been detected between two
of the output terminals. Check the motor for a shorted condition. Replace starter module if fault
cannot be cleared. This fault cannot be disabled.
A current path to earth has been detected at or more of the drive output terminals or a phase to
ground fault has been detected between the drive and motor in this phase. Check the motor for
a grounded condition. Replace starter module if fault cannot be cleared. This fault cannot be
disabled.
Drive is unable to accelerate motor. Increase Parameter 139 and/or 167 (Accel Time x) or reduce
load so drive output current does not exceed the current by Parameter 189. This fault cannot be
disabled.
The ArmorStart has detected a loss of the control power voltage. Check control voltage, wiring,
and proper polarity. Also check and replace control voltage fuse, if necessary. This fault can be
disabled and is disabled by default.
Depending on the types of modules in the configuration this error could be generated by a
shorted sensor, shorted input device, wiring mistakes, or a blown output fuse. If this fault
occurs, the offending problem should be isolated or removed prior to restarting the system. This
fault can be disabled and is disabled by default.
Heatsink temperature exceeds a predefined value. Verify that ambient temperature has not
exceeded. This fault cannot be disabled. Replace internal fan.
The ArmorStart has detected a voltage imbalance. Check the power system and correct if
necessary. This fault cannot be disabled.
DeviceNet power has been lost or has dropped below the 12V threshold. Check the state of the
network power supply and look for DeviceNet media problems. This fault can be disabled and is
disabled by default.
This fault occurs when communications between the main board the drive is lost. This fault
cannot be disabled.
DC bus voltage remained below 85% of nominal. DC bus voltage fell below the minimum value.
DC bus voltage exceeded maximum value. Monitor the incoming AC line for low voltage or line
power interruption. Check input fuses.
Monitor the AC line for high line voltage or transient conditions. Bus overvoltage can also be
caused by motor regeneration. Extend the decel time or install a starter module with the
dynamic brake option. This fault cannot be disabled.
This is a major fault, which renders the ArmorStart inoperable. Possible causes of this fault are
transients induced during EEprom storage routines. If the fault was initiated by a transient,
power cycling should clear the problem. Otherwise replacement of the starter module may be
required. This fault cannot be disabled.
This fault indicates that a serious hardware problem exists. Check for a base/starter module
mismatch. Auxiliary input interlock is open. Failure has been detected in the drive power
section. Failure has been detected in the Drive control and I/O section. Cycle power and replace
drive if fault cannot be cleared. This fault cannot be disabled.
Drive unsuccessfully attempted to reset a fault and resume running for the programmed number
of Parameter 192 (Auto RstrtTries). Correct the cause of the fault. This fault cannot be disabled.
This fault is actually the logical OR of the drive’s Auxiliary Input fault (Fault Code 2), Heatsink
Overtemperature fault (Fault Code 8), Parameter Defaulted fault (Fault Code 48), and SVC
Autotune fault (Fault Code 80). This fault cannot be disabled.
29
Internal Drive Faults
A fault is a condition that stops the drive. There are two fault types.
Table 11 Internal Drive Fault Types
Type
Description
1
Auto-Reset/Run
When this type of fault occurs, and Parameter 192 (Auto Rstrt Tries) Related Parameter(s):
155, 158, 161, 193 is set to a value greater than 0, a user-configurable timer,
Parameter 193 (AutoRstrt Delay) Related Parameter(s): 192, begins. When the timer
reaches zero, the drive attempts to automatically reset the fault. If the condition that
caused the fault is no longer present, the fault will be reset and the drive will be restarted.
2
Non-Resettable
This type of fault may require drive or motor repair, or is caused by wiring or
programming errors. The cause of the fault must be corrected before the fault can be
cleared.
Automatically Clearing Faults (Option/Step)
Clear a Type 1 fault and restart the drive.
1. Set Parameter 192 (Auto Rstrt Tries) to a value other than 0.
2. Set Parameter 193 (Auto Rstrt Delay) to a value other than 0.
Clear an OverVoltage, UnderVoltage or Heatsink OvrTmp fault without restarting
the drive.
1. Set 192 [Auto Rstrt Tries] to a value other than 0.
2. Set 193 [Auto Rstrt Delay] to 0.
Auto Restart (Reset/Run)
The Auto Restart feature provides the ability of the drive to automatically
perform a fault reset followed by a start attempt without user or application
intervention. This allows remote or unattended operation. Only certain
faults are allowed to be reset. Certain faults (Type 2) that indicate possible
drive component malfunction are not resettable.
Caution should be used when enabling this feature, since the drive will
attempt to issue its own start command based on user selected
programming.
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
30
Table 12 Fault Types, Descriptions, and Actions
No.
Fault
Type
➊
Description
Action
F2
Auxiliary Input
1
Auxiliary input interlock is open.
1.
2.
Check remote wiring.
Verify communications.
F3
Power Loss
2
DC bus voltage remained below
85% of nominal.
1.
2.
Monitor the incoming AC line for low voltage or line power interruption.
Check input fuses.
F4
UnderVoltage
1
DC bus voltage fell below the
minimum value.
Monitor the incoming AC line for low voltage or line power interruption.
F5
OverVoltage
1
DC bus voltage exceeded
maximum value.
Monitor the AC line for high line voltage or transient conditions. Bus
overvoltage can also be caused by motor regeneration. Extend the decel time
or install dynamic brake option.
F6
Motor Stalled
1
Drive is unable to accelerate motor. Increase Parameter 139…167 (Accel Time x) or reduce load so drive output
current does not exceed the current set by Parameter 189 (Current Limit 1).
F7
Motor Overload
1
Internal electronic overload trip
1.
2.
F8
Heatsink
OvrTmp
1
Heatsink temperature exceeds a
predefined value.
1.
2.
An excessive motor load exists. Reduce load so drive output current
does not exceed the current set by Parameter 133 (Motor OL Current).
Verify Parameter 184 (Boost Select) setting
Check for blocked or dirty heat sink fins. Verify that ambient
temperature has not exceeded 40°C.
Replace internal fan.
F12
HW OverCurrent
2
The drive output current has
exceeded the hardware current
limit.
Check programming. Check for excess load, improper programming of
Parameter 184 (Boost Select), DC brake volts set too high, or other causes of
excess current.
F13
Ground Fault
2
A current path to earth ground has
been detected at one or more of the
drive output terminals.
Check the motor and external wiring to the drive output terminals for a
grounded condition.
F33
Auto Rstrt Tries
Drive unsuccessfully attempted to
reset a fault and resume running
for the programmed number of
Parameter 192 (Auto Rstrt Tries).
Correct the cause of the fault and manually clear.
F38
F39
F40
Phase U to Gnd
Phase V to Gnd
Phase W to Gnd
2
A phase to ground fault has been
detected between the drive and
motor in this phase.
1.
2.
3.
Check the wiring between the drive and motor.
Check motor for grounded phase.
Replace starter module if fault cannot be cleared.
F41
F42
F43
Phase UV Short
Phase UW Short
Phase VW Short
2
Excessive current has been
detected between these two output
terminals.
1.
Check the motor and drive output terminal wiring for a shorted
condition.
Replace starter module if fault cannot be cleared.
2.
➊ See Table 11 for internal drive fault types.
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
31
Table 12 Fault Types, Descriptions, and Actions (Continued)
No.
Fault
Type
➊
Description
Action
F48
Params
Defaulted
2
The drive was commanded to write
default values to EEPROM.
1.
2.
Clear the fault or cycle power to the drive.
Program the drive parameters as needed.
F63
SW
OverCurrent
2
Programmed Parameter 198 [SW
Current Trip] has been exceeded.
Check load requirements and Parameter 198 (SW Current Trip) setting.
F64
Drive
Overload
2
Drive rating of 150% for 1 min. or
200% for 3 sec. has been
exceeded.
Reduce load or extend Accel Time.
F70
Power Unit
2
Failure has been detected in the
drive power section.
1.
2.
F80
SVC Autotune
The autotune function was either
cancelled by the user or failed.
Restart procedure.
F81
Comm Loss
2
RS485 (DSI) port stopped
communicating.
1.
2.
F100
Parameter
Checksum
2
The checksum read from the board
does not match the checksum
calculated.
Set Parameter 141 (Reset To Defaults) to option 1 Reset Defaults.
F122
I/O Board Fail
2
Failure has been detected in the
drive control and I/O section.
1.
2.
Cycle power.
Replace starter module if fault cannot be cleared.
Turn off using Parameter 205 (Comm Loss Action).
Replace starter module if fault cannot be cleared.
Cycle power.
Replace starter module if fault cannot be cleared.
➊ See Table 11 for internal drive fault types.
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
32
Figure 17 Bulletin 284 ArmorStart
Local Disconnect
LED Status
Indication
2 Outputs
(Micro/M12)
4 Inputs
(Micro/M12)
Source Brake
Connector
Motor
Ground
Terminal
DeviceNet
Connection
(Mini/M18)
Connector
Dynamic
Brake Connector
0…10V➋
Analog Input
➋ Available only with the Bulletin 284 with sensorless vector control.
Figure 18 Bulletin 284 ArmorStart with ArmorConnect
Ground
Terminal
Ground
Terminal
Control
Power
Three-Phase Power
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
Control Power
Three-Phase Power
33
Accessories
Table 13 DeviceNet Media ➊
0
Description
Length m (ft)
Cat. No.
Sealed
KwikLink pigtail drops are Insulation
Displacement Connector (IDC) with integral Class
1 round cables for interfacing devices or power
supplies to flat cable
Thick Cable
1485P-P1E4-B1-N5
1485P-P1E4-B2-N5
3 m (9.8)
1485P-P1E4-B3-N5
6 m (19.8)
1485P-P1E4-B6-N5
Right Keyway
Left Keyway
1485P-P1N5-MN5NF
1485P-P1N5-MN5KM
Connector
Cat. No.
Mini Straight Female
Mini Straight Male
1485G-P➋N5-M5
Mini Straight Female
Mini Right Angle Male
1485G-P➋W5-N5
Mini Right Angle Female
Mini Straight Male
1485G-P➋M5-Z5
Mini Right Angle Female
Mini Straight Male
1485G-P➋W5-Z5
Mini Straight Female
Mini Straight Male
1485C-P➌N5-M5
Mini Straight Female
Mini Right Angle Male
1485C-P➌W5-N5
Mini Right Angle Female
Mini Straight Male
1485C-P➌M5-Z5
Mini Right Angle Female
Mini Straight Male
1485C-P➌W5-Z5
DeviceNet Mini- T-Port Tap
Gray PVC Thin Cable
1 m (3.3)
2 m (6.5)
➊
See Publication M116-CA001A-EN-P for complete cable selection information.
➋
Replace symbol with desired length in meters (Example: 1485G-P1N5-M5 for a 1 m cable). Standard cable lengths: 1 m, 2 m, 3 m, 4 m, 5 m, and 6 m.
➌
Replace symbol with desired length in meters (Example: 1485C-P1N5-M5 for a 1 m cable). Standard cable lengths: 1 m, 2 m, 3 m, 4 m, 5 m, 6 m, 8 m, 10 m, 12 m,
18 m, 24 m, and 30 m.
NOTE: Stainless steel versions may be ordered by adding an “S” to the cat. no. (Example: 1485CS-P1N5-M5)
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
34
Table 14 Sensor Media ➊
0
Description
ArmorStart I/O
Connection
Pin Count
Connector
Cat. No.
Straight Female
Straight Male
889D-F4ACDM-➋
Straight Female
Right Angle Male
889D-F4AACDE-➋
Straight Female
879D-F4ACDM-➋
Right Angle Male
879D-R4ACM-➋
Straight Female
Right Angle Male
879D-F4ACTE-➋
Straight Female
Straight Male
889R-F3AERM-➋
Straight Female
Right Angle Male
899R-F3AERE-➋
0
Input
5-Pin
0
DC Micro Patchcord
0
Input
5-pin
0
DC Micro V-Cable
0
Input
5-pin
0
DC Micro Y-Cable
Output
3-pin
AC Micro Patchcord
➊
See Publication M116-CA001A-EN-P for complete cable selection information.
➋
Replace symbol with desired length in meters (Example: 889D-F4ACDM-1 for a 1 m cable). Standard cable lengths: 1 m, 2 m, 5 m, and 10 m.
NOTE: Stainless steel versions may be ordered by adding an “S” to the cat. no. (Example: 889DS-F4ACDM-1)
Table 15 Sealing Caps ➌
Description
Used on I/O Connection
Cat. No.
Plastic Sealing Cap (M12)
Input
1485A-M12
Aluminum Sealing Cap
Output
889A-RMCAP
➌ To achieve IP67 rating, sealing caps must be installed on all unused I/O connections.
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P - July 2006
Registered Trademark List
ArmorPoint and ArmorStart are registered trademarks of Rockwell Automation, Inc.
Trademark List
ArmorConnect, RSLogix5000, PLC, RSNetWorx, and SLC are trademarks of Rockwell Automation, Inc. ControlNet is a trademark of ControlNet
International, LTD. DeviceNet and the DeviceNet logo are trademarks of the Open Device Vendors Association (ODVA).
Publication 284D-QS001D-EN-P — July 2006
Superecedes Publication 284D-QS001C-EN-P — September 2005
41053-384-02
Copyright ©2006 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
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