orbea recommendations
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1
www.orbea.com
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33
INSTRUCTIONS AND
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
This manual has been prepared to help you enjoy your new bike to the fullest. Please read it
carefully. This manual provides guidelines for the periodic checks you need to carry out, so that
you can properly maintain your bike.
If you have any questions or concerns after reading this manual, do not hesitate to talk to your
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and the best advice available.
Any deviation from the instructions contained in this manual will be the responsibility of the user
of the bicycle.
All individuals must, at least, read the chapter on “Guidelines for the safe use of your bicycle” in
this manual. Parents and guardians of minors must explain the chapter “Guidelines for the safe
use of your bicycle” to children who are unable to read and comprehend it. It is very important
that you read the chapter “Guidelines for the safe use of your bicycle” before riding your new
bike even if you have been riding for years.
6JKUOCPWCNEQXGTUCNN1TDGCOQFGNU6JGTGCTGPWOGTQWU1TDGCOQFGNUYKVJFKHHGTGPVURGEKƂcations. Therefore, this Manual will contain some information that does not apply to your bicycle
model. Some illustrations may vary with respect to the models in the current catalog.
CONGRATULATIONS
You have chosen a bicycle that WE have proudly manufactured. We thank you for your trust in
us. We have been manufacturing bicycles for more than a century, and all of our products are
the result of our lengthy experience.
;QWTDKE[ENGKUVJGRTQFWEVQHEQPVKPWQWUTGUGCTEJCPFKPƂPKVGVGUVKPIVJCVJCXGNGFVQKVUOCPWfacture with the best components and highest levels of quality.
The assembly and initial adjustment of your Orbea bicycle requires special tools and skills; for
that reason, it should only be performed by your authorized dealer.
DEFINITIONS
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MANUAL
SPECIFICATIONS
In this manual, the word WARNING indicates potentially hazardous situations which, if not avoided, could result in serious injury or even death.
In this manual, the word CAUTION indicates potentially hazardous situations or unsafe practices that could result in minor to moderate injury.
This manual covers the entire Orbea bicycle range, which is made up of two types of bicycles.
Below is a diagram to help you identify the most important elements of your bike. Understanding them will help you to better comprehend this manual.
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If you have any questions after reading this manual or the Orbea website, please talk with your
authorized Orbea dealer. If you have a problem that your authorized dealer is unable to resolve,
please contact us by email, phone or online.
Polígono I. Goitondo 48269 MALLABIA (Bizkaia)
Apdo. 1 - 20600 EIBAR (Gipuzkoa)
tel. + 34 943 17 19 50
Fax +34 943 17 43 97
Email: orbea@orbea.com
www.orbea.com
34
MANUAL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................... 34
CONGRATULATIONS ......................................................................................................... 34
DEFINITIONS ..................................................................................................................... 34
CONTENTS ........................................................................................................................ 35
GUIDE TO USING YOUR BICYCLE ..................................................................................... 36
$GHQTG[QWTƂTUVTKFG ................................................................................................... 36
2. Before each ride: check your bike ............................................................................... 36
Check that the wheels are trued ............................................................................... 36
Check tire pressure .................................................................................................. 36
Check your brakes ................................................................................................... 36
Check that both wheels are secured ......................................................................... 37
Check the handlebar and stem for signs of fatigue or increased tension............................ 37
Check the adjustment of the suspension .................................................................. 37
Check the lighting system ........................................................................................ 37
Check the handlebar ................................................................................................ 37
Check the saddle ..................................................................................................... 37
3. Riding safely ............................................................................................................... 37
Wear a helmet ......................................................................................................... 37
$GCYCTGQHNQECNVTCHƂENCYUHQTDKE[ENGU.................................................................. 37
Do not perform stunts or other unsafe activities with your bike ................................. 37
Ride defensively....................................................................................................... 37
Watch the road ........................................................................................................ 37
Watch the cars you are going to pass ....................................................................... 38
Be careful when riding in low-light conditions ........................................................... 38
Avoid letting water enter any bearings ...................................................................... 38
Use caution when braking ........................................................................................ 38
Be careful when riding in wet conditions .................................................................. 38
Be especially careful when riding off the asphalt....................................................... 38
Keep your bicycle in perfect conditions .................................................................... 38
Be careful ................................................................................................................ 38
4. General recommendations .......................................................................................... 38
Keep your bike clean................................................................................................ 38
Store your bike in an appropriate place .................................................................... 38
Protect your bicycle from thieves ............................................................................. 39
Protect your bicycle from possible bumps ................................................................ 39
Use the proper technique when shifting gears .......................................................... 39
Prevent the handlebar from striking the frame .......................................................... 39
Never change the fork, frame or components ...................................................................... 39
5. Children ...................................................................................................................... 39
Training wheels ........................................................................................................ 39
INSPECTION, ADJUSTMENT AND LUBRICATION OF YOUR BICYCLE ............................. 40
1. Handlebar, bar ends and stems ................................................................................... 40
2. Saddle and seatpost .................................................................................................... 41
3. Pedals ......................................................................................................................... 42
4. The drivetrain: Pedals, Chainring, Chain and Cassette ................................................ 43
5. Gear shifter ................................................................................................................. 44
Traditional drivetrain ................................................................................................ 44
Internal gear hub drivetrain ...................................................................................... 47
6. Fork and headset ........................................................................................................ 47
Braking system ........................................................................................................ 48
Rim braking systems ................................................................................................ 48
Hydraulic disc brakes ............................................................................................... 50
Mechanical disc brakes ............................................................................................ 51
Drum brakes ............................................................................................................ 52
Coaster brakes......................................................................................................... 53
7. Wheels ........................................................................................................................ 53
Removing and installing wheels with gear shifting mechanisms................................. 55
Schrader and Presta valves ...................................................................................... 55
Tubeless wheels ....................................................................................................... 55
Installing the tire ...................................................................................................... 56
4GƃGEVQTU ................................................................................................................... 57
9. Suspension systems .................................................................................................... 57
Suspension systems: Forks....................................................................................... 57
Suspension systems: rear suspension ....................................................................... 57
10. Caring for your frame and fork.................................................................................. 58
11. Accessories ............................................................................................................... 58
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE .............................................................................................. 60
ORBEA RECOMMENDATIONS ........................................................................................... 61
ADDITIONAL QUALITY GUARANTEE................................................................................. 61
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CONTENTS
35
IMPORTANT!
READ AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS MANUAL BEFORE USING YOUR BICYCLE
A bicycle is small means of transport that is less powerful than other vehicles; therefore, your
safety cannot be stressed enough. This chapter contains recommendations that will help you
ride as safely as possible.
CONDITIONS FOR USE
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your warranty.
Bicycles are designed to resist the weight of a person up to 100 kg and 10 kg of cargo.
Mountain bikes. For use on an asphalt, gravel surfaces or rough trails, and any type of terrain
in which the tires could momentarily lose contact with the ground.
Road bikes. For use on asphalt surfaces where the tires are always in contact with the ground.
Recreation bikes. For use on asphalt and gravel surfaces or rough terrain where the tires are
always in contact with the ground.
1. BEFORE YOUR FIRST RIDE
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on your bike, make sure there is adequate space between your groin and the top tube:
For MTB bikes, this distance should be between 50-75mm.
For all other bikes, this distance should be 25mm.
Practice at slow speeds
Before riding at high speeds or under adverse conditions, you need to learn the functions and
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you can get to know all of the features of your bicycle.
If you want any operational features other than those that come standard to your bicycle (for
example: a brake force modulator), consult your authorized dealer.
Avoid excessive vibrations or imbalances on the front wheel
Heavier cyclists with large bikes sometimes experience “excessive vibration,” “harmonic oscillation” or “frame vibration” at certain speeds. If you experience this, reduce your speed and take
your bike to an authorized dealer for inspection and repair.
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KOOGFKCVGN[TGFWEG[QWTURGGFCPFVCMG[QWTDKE[ENGVQ[QWTCWVJQTK\GFFGCNGT
Make sure your accessories are compatible and safe:
To personalize your bike, various components can be changed and different accessories can be
added. Not all accessories are compatible or safe. If you are not sure if a component is adequate or safe, talk to your authorized dealer.
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2. BEFORE EACH RIDE: CHECK YOUR BIKE
Before each ride, check your bike and its components using the following checklist. This list
provides some guidelines, but is not to be considered a complete inspection. Remember that
if you detect any problems with your bike, and you are not able to repair them, you must take
your bike to your authorized dealer.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
GUIDE TO USING YOUR BICYCLE
Check that the wheels are trued
Spin each wheel and check for brake pad and frame clearance. If the wheel spin is not uniform,
take your bike to an authorized dealer.
Check tire pressure
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own weight into consideration. High pressure yields better performance on hard surfaces like
asphalt, while lower pressures are best for off-road rides.
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#NYC[UWUGJCPFRWORUVQKPƃCVG[QWTVKTGU
Check your brakes
The brake lever on right side of the handlebar activates the rear brake and the lever on the left
activates the front brake, unless local legislation indicates otherwise.
Check that the front and rear brakes are working properly. Orbea uses different types of brakes:
- Rim brakes: the brake levers are connected to brake shoes that squeeze the wheel rim.
- Disc brakes: the brake levers are connected to brake pads that squeeze the brake disc.
- Drum brakes: the brake levers are connected to the hub of the wheel by a cable, and a minimum of 15mm is needed to stop the bike.
36
3. RIDING SAFELY
Follow the inspection instructions for the type of brakes on your bike. If your brake system does
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chapter, take your bike to your authorized dealer.
Wear a helmet
You must ALWAYS WEAR A HELMET, and when riding on public roadways, you must use the
SIGNALING SYSTEMS provided with your bike.
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An unprotected head is very fragile, even in the event of a minor bump, but wearing a helmet
that complies with EC safety regulations or other recognized legislation could reduce that risk.
Eye protection and proper clothing are also recommended.
Check that both wheels are secured
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secured by way of bolts or quick-release mechanisms, which allow you to install and remove
wheels without tools.
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its equivalent) in your area should be able to provide you information in that regard. Some of
the most important regulations are:
- Use the appropriate hand signals
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unaccustomed to recognizing the rights of cyclists.
Check the handlebar and stem for signs of fatigue or increased tension
Carefully inspect the handlebar and stem for signs of fatigue: scratches, cracks, dents, deformities and discoloring. If any part shows signs of fatigue or damage, change it before riding your
bike. Likewise, check that the handlebar ends and extensions are plugged.
Check the adjustment of the suspension
Make sure that the suspension components are adjusted to your preference, and that no suspension element is at its limit. The suspension system affects your bike’s performance; therefore, proper adjustment is very important. If the suspension system is compromised to a point
where the fork is blocked, you could lose control. For more information about how to adjust the
suspension system, see the chapter on “Inspection adjustment and lubrication of your bike” or
the manual for the suspension system that may have come with your bike.
Check the lighting system
Inspect the angles and function of the front and rear lighting and signaling systems. These
should be kept clean to work properly.
Check the handlebar
Make sure the stem and the handlebar are correctly positioned and tightened, and that the bell
is working properly.
Check the saddle
The saddle must be positioned at the proper height for your use and height. Moreover, you must
also check that the seatpost and seat are correctly positioned and tightened.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
- Coaster brakes: the braking action is carried out by pedaling backwards.
Do not perform stunts or other unsafe activities with your bike
Many cycling accidents can be avoided by using common sense. Some examples:
- Do not ride “no hands”: the slightest imperfection in the road could cause a vibration or sudden turn of the front wheel.
- Do not ride with objects hanging from the handlebars or any other part of the frame: they
could get stuck in the spokes and cause the handlebars to jerk suddenly, making you lose control of your bicycle.
- Do not ride under the effects of alcohol or medicines that cause drowsiness. Bicycles require
good coordination of movements, and your must always be alert to your surroundings.
- Do not carry anyone on your bicycle. Standard bikes are not designed to hold the additional
weight of a second rider. Moreover, the extra weight makes the bicycle much harder to turn and
stop.
Ride defensively
To pedestrians, drivers and other cyclists, you are not as visible as a car. You must always
beware of dangerous situations and be prepared to stop.
Watch the road
Be prepared to avoid potholes, sewer grates or shoulders, since they could cause your wheels to
skid. When maneuvering around an obstacle, try to do so at a 90º angle, and if you are unsure
37
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Watch the cars you are going to pass
If a car suddenly crosses your path or someone suddenly opens the door of a parked car you
are going to pass, you could have a serious accident. Install a bell on your bike to alert others of
your presence.
Be careful when riding in wet conditions
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the brakes are trued, lubricated and in good operating conditions, in wet conditions, the braking
system requires greater force in the levers and braking distance.
Be careful when riding in low-light conditions
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light when riding in low light.
Rain reduces both visibility and traction. Ride at lower speeds around curves, manhole covers
and crosswalks in rainy or wet conditions.
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you more visible.
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easily-visible clothing.
Avoid letting water enter any bearings
Your bike’s bearings allow the various parts of the bike to move smoothly. Corrosion occurs
when water comes into contact with metal; therefore, it should be avoided.
Be especially careful when riding off the asphalt
- Ride in marked areas.
- Avoid rocks, branches and dips.
- Never ride on an unpaved road or path with a road or urban bike.
- Wear proper clothing and protection, such as a helmet, glasses and gloves.
- When nearing a descent, slow down, and keep your weight back and low. Use the rear brake
more than the front.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
of the conditions, get off your bike.
Keep your bicycle in perfect conditions
Bicycles are not indestructible: like any machine, each part of the bike has a service life limited
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of cycles, can compromise the integrity of the material. The service life varies according to its
design, material, use and maintenance. Lighter frames generally have a longer service life than
heavier frames, and premium bikes need greater care and more frequent inspections.
Avoid cleaning your bike with power washing systems like those used for cars.
Use caution when braking
Always maintain a safe distance from vehicles and other objects. Adjust the distance to your
braking capacity.
If your bike has two brake levers, squeeze them at the same time. Excessive use of the front
lever, and braking with the front brake lever alone, could cause the rear wheel to lose contact
with the ground and make you lose control.
Many new brake models are very powerful and are able to stop the bike on wet or muddy terrain. If you notice that your brakes are too strong for your needs, take your bike to your authorized dealer for adjustment or to change the braking system.
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Be careful
It is preferable that you always ride accompanied. Your companion will be able to help you
immediately in the event you have any trouble or an accident. Also, you should never forget to
take a puncture repair kit or a spare inner tube and tire levers with you on all of your rides.
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planning to ride long distances.
4. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
Keep your bike clean
In order for your bike to work properly, it must be kept clean.
Store your bike in an appropriate place
When you are not using your bike, keep it in an area where it is protected from the rain, snow
and sun. Rain and snow can cause the metal to corrode. Ultraviolet rays from the sun can disco-
38
shift. Choose the gear ratio that offers you the most comfort when pedaling.
When storing the bike, lift it off the ground and leave the tires at half their pressure. Do not
leave the bicycle near electric motors, since the ozone emitted by the motors destroys rubber
and paint. Before using the bicycle again, make sure it is in optimum condition.
Prevent the handlebar from striking the frame
In some bikes, the front wheel can rotate to extreme angles, and the handlebar can strike the
frame. Avoid this impact by adding pads to the end of the handlebar or to the frame itself.
Protect your bicycle from thieves
Your new bicycle is very attractive to thieves. You can insure your bike in several ways:
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- Purchase and use a lock. A good lock is effective against knives and saws. Follow the recommendations for use. Never leave your bike unlocked.
- If you have quick-release mechanisms on the wheels, lock the wheels to the frame. If there is a
quick-release mechanism on the saddle, you should take the saddle with you when the bicycle is
locked. However, you should avoid allowing water to enter the frame through the seatpost.
Never change the fork, frame or components
#OQFKƂECVKQPVQCP[RCTVQHVJGDKE[ENGKPENWFKPIVJGHTCOGHQTMQTCP[QVJGTEQORQPGPV
could make your bicycle unsafe. For example, poor paintwork could reduce the rigidity of the
frame.
Protect your bicycle from possible bumps
Always park your bike in areas where it is out of the way of moving vehicles and ensure that it is
in a stable position so that it does not fall. Do not lean the bike against the cassette, since it can
be damaged or become dirty. Keep the bike from falling, since this could damage the handlebars or the saddle, etc.
Also, the improper use of a luggage carrier could damage the bike.
Use the proper technique when shifting gears
Some Orbea bikes are equipped with two gear shifting systems:
- One is a “derailleur” drivetrain in which the chain moves from one toothed cog to another.
- In the others, the shifting system is situated in the rear internal hub.
Read the instructions below depending on the gear shift system you have:
Traditional shifter
The left shifter controls the front derailleur, and the right shifter controls the rear derailleur.
Choose the gear ratio that offers you the most comfort when pedaling.
Changing the fork of your bicycle could affect the bicycle’s headset or create undesired tension.
Never install a suspension fork on a road bike.
If you want to change the fork of your bicycle, talk to your authorized dealer about the different
compatible options.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
lor the paint or dry rot the bike’s rubber or plastic components.
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5. CHILDREN
Proper supervision of children and all who are learning to ride a bike, practicing safety on the
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following basic rule very clear to your child:
CHILDREN MUST ALWAYS WEAR A HELMET WHEN RIDING A BICYCLE OR TRICYCLE.
You can only shift when the chain is moving forwards. Never try to shift gears when stopped
or moving the chain backwards. Whenever you are going to shift, reduce the force transmitted
to the chain, since this could hinder the shift and wear out the chain and cassette. You should
never shift on uneven surfaces.
Training wheels
Some Orbea models are equipped with training wheels. This way, children can learn to ride with
these wheels and develop proper control of the bike. Until the child’s skill on the bike has been
fully developed, the child should always be supervised by an adult.
Internal shifter
This system can shift when the chain is moving forward, but it can also shift when stopped or
moving backward. Whenever you shift, reduce the force transmitted to the chain to facilitate the
Installing training wheels
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39
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greater torque than recommended to a piece does not provide greater fastening, but could
cause the piece to be damaged or rendered unusable.
1. HANDLEBAR, BAR ENDS AND STEMS
Readjust the wheels as the child becomes more skilled
As the child becomes more comfortable on the bike, gradually increase the distance of the
training wheels from the ground until the child no longer needs them.
The handlebar is the part of your bike that you hold with your hands when riding. Controlling the
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position on the bike. You must make sure that the position is as ergonomic as possible. The handlebar is connected to the rest of the assembly through the stem. This section will explain how
to inspect, adjust and lubricate handlebars, stems and bar ends.
INSPECTION, ADJUSTMENT
AND LUBRICATION OF YOUR BICYCLE
Never allow the bar ends to come into contact with any object that could cause you to lose control of the bicycle. The bar ends have been designed exclusively to support your hands during
ascents. Make sure the bar ends are facing forward at an angle greater than 15_ with respect to
the ground.
This chapter addresses the inspection intervals to follow for each component of your bicycle, as
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the pieces does not satisfy the requirements for operation, the bicycle should not be used until
that issue has been repaired, the piece replaced or the bike taken to your authorized dealer.
There are two types of stems:
- Traditional (quill) stem:JCUCVWDGVJCVƂVUKPUKFGVJGHQTMUVGGTGTVWDGWUKPICPCFLWUVCDNG
wedge.
- Ahead (threadless) stem: attaches to the outside of the steerer tube.
The inspection interval for each component is based on a regimen of normal use. If you use
your bicycle more than normal, under adverse weather conditions, like rain or snow, or on unpaved roads, maintenance should be performed more often than indicated in this chapter.
Bicycles are not indestructible: like any machine, the different parts of the bike have a service
life limited to wear and tear, tension and fatigue. Fatigue refers to small magnitude forces that,
due to repetition in a large number of cycles, could compromise the integrity of the material.
The service life of the different parts varies according to its design, material, use and maintenance. Some possible signs of bicycle fatigue are: dents, cracks, scratches, deformities and
discoloring.
WARNING +HFWTKPIKPURGEVKQP[QWƂPFVJCVCP[QHVJGRKGEGUFQGUPQVUCVKUH[VJGTGSWKTGOGPVU
for operation, the bicycle should not be used until that issue has been repaired, the piece replaced
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What is torque?
Torque is a measure of the force needed to rotate an object about an axis, like a screw or bolt.
6JGUGOGCUWTGOGPVUCTGOCFGWUKPICF[PCOQOGVTKEYTGPEJ6JGKPFKECVGFURGEKƂECVKQPUHQT
torque are guidelines to help you determine the correct tightness of the different pieces and
their threads.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
.QQUGPVJGPWVUQHVJGTGCTJWDCPFHQNNQYVJGURGEKƂECVKQPUKPEJCRVGT
- Put the bicycle upright and position the training wheels about 6mm from the ground. Make
sure the height is the same on both sides of the bicycle.
4GVKIJVGPVJGPWVUCUURGEKƂGFKPVJGEJCRVGTp+PURGEVKQPCFLWUVOGPVCPFNWDTKECVKQPQH[QWT
bicycle”, including how to adjust the tension of the chain.
+PURGEVVJGCPEJQTKPIQHVJGYJGGNCUURGEKƂGFKPVJCVEJCRVGT
Inspection
If you have any doubts about the reliability of your handlebar, take your bicycle to your authorised dealer. Once a month, you must ensure that the stem is aligned with the front wheel. Check
the connection between the stem and the handlebar by moving it against the front wheel. You
should also inspect the safety of the handlebars and the bar ends by checking that the handlebars do not turn independently of the stem and that the bar ends to do not move independently
of the handlebar. Make sure no cables are stretched or crimped when rotating the handlebar.
Check that all bolts are tightened. You should always heed the torque indicated by the piece. If
that information is not available, it will vary based on the size of the Allen wrench required for
the bold:
Nm
Lb.In
Kg.cm
Allen wrench size (mm)
Min.
Max.
Min.
Max
Min.
Max.
3
2,5
3
22
27
25
31
4
4
5
35
44
41
51
5
6
8
53
71
61
82
6
11
15
97
133
112
153
40
Adjusting the handlebar angle
- Loosen the bolt in the stem clamp enough to be able to turn it.
- Position the handlebar at the desired angle, and check that the stem is centered.
6KIJVGPKVCUURGEKƂGFKPVJGKPURGEVKQP
Note: If your bicycle is equipped with an ahead (threadless) stem, there are practically no options for regulating handlebar height. Therefore, we ask that you consult your dealer and do not
perform any adjustments yourself.
2. SADDLE AND SEATPOST
The saddle is where you sit on the bike when riding, and it is supported by a seatpost. The
seatpost is connected to the frame with a clamp or quick release. Proper adjustment of each
EQORQPGPVKUKORQTVCPVHQT[QWTUCHGV[EQOHQTVCPFRGFCNKPIGHƂEKGPE[6JKUUGEVKQPYKNNVCNM
about how to inspect, adjust and lubricate your saddle, seatpost and clamp.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
Adjustment
6JGJCPFNGDCTRQUKVKQPCPFCPINGFGRGPFQPVJGWUGTCPFJKUJGTEQOHQTVGHƂEKGPE[CPFDCNCPce. Your hands must be in a comfortable position in which the controls can be easily handled. If
your hands, arms or shoulders are in an uncomfortable position, you should adjust the handlebar or look for components that better meet your needs. Check with your authorized dealer.
Some handlebars have marks that indicate where they can be cut. If your handlebar does not
have these marks, do not shorten it. If you want to shorten it but are unsure, please check with
your authorized dealer.
Adjusting the stem inclination angle
- Loosen the stem angle adjuster bolt until you can turn it.
- Position the stem at the desired angle.
#FLWUVVJGDQNVCUURGEKƂGFKPVJGKPURGEVKQP
Changing handlebar height with a traditional (quill) stem
Al requerirse ciertos conocimientos y herramientas especiales, es conveniente que sea hecho
Since this process requires certain skills and special tools, we recommend it be performed by
your dealer.
- Loosen the stem binder bolt with two turns counterclockwise.
- Lightly tap the bolt with a wooden or plastic mallet to unlock the stem cone.
- Adjust the stem to the desired height.
- Re-tighten the bolt and verify that the handlebar is perpendicular to the front wheel. Do not
over-tighten the bolt; it could break and seriously compromise your safety.
%JGEMVJCVVJGJCPFNGDCTDKPFGTDQNVKUUWHƂEKGPVN[VKIJVGPGFD[CRRN[KPINCVGTCNRTGUUWTGVQ
the handlebar while holding the wheel between your legs.
Inspection
Once a month, you need to inspect the quick-release of the seatpost or seat tube clamp.
Make sure that the saddle is secured to the frame assembly and has no horizontal, vertical or
rotational movement with respect the axis of the seat tube. If you notice any of these types of
movements, properly readjust all connections.
You should always heed the torque indicated by the piece. If that information is not available, it
will vary based on the size of the Allen wrench required for the bold:
Nm
Lb.In
Kg.cm
Allen wrench size (mm)
Min.
Max.
Min.
Max
Min.
Max.
3
2,5
3
22
27
25
31
4
4
5
35
44
41
51
5
6
8
53
71
61
82
6
11
15
97
133
112
153
41
Adjusting saddle height
- Loosen the quick-release or saddle bolt.
- Raise or lower the seatpost. The average height of the saddle is calculated such that you can
touch the ground on tiptoes of both feet at the same time.
- Always ensure that the seat post is inserted within the seat tube above the minimun insertion
levelRe-tighten the quick-release or saddle bolt.
WARNING #UGCVRQUVVJCVKUVQQJKIJEQWNFFCOCIGVJGDKE[ENGCPFECWUG[QWVQNQUGEQPVTQNCPF
HCNN/CMGUWTGVJGOKPKOWOKPUGTVKQPOCTMQHVJGUGCVRQUVKUKPUKFGVJGUGCVVWDG
Adjustment
5CFFNGJGKIJVKUXGT[KORQTVCPVHQT[QWTEQOHQTVUCHGV[CPFRGFCNKPIGHƂEKGPE[6JGKPENKPGQH
the saddle affects your comfort. Changing the saddle angle affects the distribution of weight
between the handlebar and the saddle.
When properly adjusted, the saddle is reasonably comfortable even when riding long distances.
WARNING A poorly adjusted saddle or unsuitable support of the pelvic area could affect the nerXQWUU[UVGOCPFDNQQFXGUUGNUYKVJGZVGPFGFWUGQH[QWTDKMG%JCPIGVJGUCFFNGKHKVECWUGURCKP
QTPWODPGUU
Adjusting the saddle angle
- Loosen the saddle bolt so that it can move somewhat.
- The adjustment of the saddle is very personal. Start with the saddle parallel to the ground, or
slightly angled forward on full suspension bikes.
- Tighten the saddle bolt, as indicated in the inspection.
Lubrication
The seatpost should be lubricated annually. To do so:
- Loosen the quick-release or saddle bolt to remove the seatpost from the frame.
- Clean the seatpost and remove the old grease if necessary.
- Apply a new layer of lubricant.
- Insert the seatpost in the frame.
- Adjust the seatpost height, align the saddle with the frame and tighten the quick-release or the
saddle bolt.
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If you have a quick-release on the saddle clamp, it works exactly the same as the quick-release
for your wheels. Follow the instructions for securing it. Never open the quick-release while you
are riding.
3. PEDALS
Pedals are the part of the bicycle where you put your feet. Your control and safety on the bike
depend on the security of the connection between the pedal and your foot. For recreational
WUGKPƃCVCTGCUCRCKTQHUQHVUQNGFUJQGUKUUWHƂEKGPV(QTOQTGKPVGPUGWUGVJGRGFCNU[UVGO
should help keep your feet on the pedals.
Orbea uses different types of pedals:
- Clipless pedals that snap into a cleat in the sole of the cyclist’s specialized shoe.
- Pedals without any type of attachment system.
If your bicycle is equipped with pedals that do not satisfy your needs, talk to your dealer about
this issue.
WARNING 9JKNGTKFKPI[QWTDKMG[QWTUJQGUUJQWNFDGKPEQPVCEVYKVJVJGRGFCNUQVJGTYKUG
you could lose control of your bicycle and fall. When you are nearing a stop, you should be able to
GCUKN[TGOQXG[QWTHGGVHTQOVJGRGFCNU#NYC[UTGOQXGQPGHQQVHTQOVJGRGFCNDGHQTGEQORNGVGN[
UVQRRKPIVJGDKMG
$GHQTGWUKPI[QWTDKE[ENGHQTVJGƂTUVVKOGKH[QWJCXGENKRNGUURGFCNU[QWUJQWNFHCOKNKCTK\G
yourself with them and practice getting into and out of the pedals in a stationary position. Once
42
4. THE DRIVETRAIN: PEDALS, CHAINRING, CHAIN AND CASSETTE
Do not use clipless pedals with street shoes, since your feet will not have a good support base
on the pedal.
Remove at least one foot from the pedal before stopping the bicycle completely.
The bicycle’s drivetrain transmits power to the back wheel through:
- Pedals
- Chainring and crank arms
- Chain
- Cassette
Inspection
Before every use, you should clean both the cleats and the pedals, since any dirt could interfere
with the proper functioning of the mechanism.
This section will explain how to inspect, adjust and lubricate the drivetrain. For bikes with rear
internal hub gears, see the section on “Internal hub gear system”.
'XGT[VJTGGOQPVJUEJGEMVJCVVJGRGFCNTGƃGEVQTUCTGENGCPCPFEQTTGEVN[RQUKVKQPGF/CMG
sure the pedals are properly secured to the crank arms.
Inspection
When the drivetrain is functioning properly, shifting is easy and silent.
To check that the pedal bearings are well-adjusted, move the pedals up and down and left to
right. If you feel that anything is loose or too stiff, take the bicycle to your dealer so they can be
adjusted, lubricated or replaced. The pedal-to-crank arm torque should be 40-43Nm.
Once a month, check that the cassette and chain are clean and well oiled. All links in the chains
should pivot well without squeaking. Likewise, check that no links are deformed. Remove the
rear wheel and spin the cassette. If you hear a strange noise or if the cassette stops as soon as
you let go, it may need to be repaired or replaced; take the bike to your authorized dealer.
Adjustment
Improper installation of the cleats could cause physical injury; therefore, cleats should be positioned by the authorized dealer. In most clipless pedals, the force needed to insert and remove
your foot can be regulated.
Once a month, if your bike has a chainguard, check that it is securely attached and aligned. Try
to move the chainguard from one side to the other and tap it. Lift the rear wheel and turn the
crank arms to hear if the chain or the chainring is rubbing against the chainguard. Realign the
chainguard and adjust the screws so it is secure.
Getting into clipless pedals
Fit the front of the cleat into the front of the pedal and push downwards with your foot. It will
“click” when it is in position.
+PURGEV[QWTRGFCNUGXGT[VJTGGOQPVJU%JGEMVJCVVJGRGFCNTGƃGEVQTUCTGENGCPCPFEQTTGEVN[
positioned. Make sure the pedals are properly secured to the crank arms.
Check that the connection is secure by rotating the pedal. If your shoe comes out, repeat the
previous step.
To check that the pedal bearings are well-adjusted, move the pedals up and down and left to
right. If you feel that anything is loose or too stiff, take the bicycle to your dealer so they can be
adjusted, lubricated or replaced.
To mount your bike, push the pedal downwards while pushing forwards with the other foot,
while sitting on the saddle.
Once in motion, insert your other foot into the pedal using the same technique.
Getting out of clipless pedals
Twist your heel laterally with respect to the central line of the bike.
To stop, put your foot on the ground.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
VJKUOQXGOGPVKUPCVWTCNRTCEVKEGKPCƃCVCTGCYKVJQWVVTCHƂE9JKNGRGFCNKPIYCVEJVJGTQCF
If you are looking at the pedals, you may not see the obstacles ahead.
Every three months, inspect the crankset and check that the bolts are secured. The following
torques should be applied:
Single chainring binder bolt: 40-50Nm
Crank arm binder bolt: 15Nm
Chainring bolts: 8-10Nm
Chainring adjustment check
- Shift the chain to the largest chainring.
- Spin the chainrings until the crank arms are parallel to the seatpost.
43
Check the chain for wear every three months. Every complete link of a chain measures one
inch (25.4mm). If twelve links measure more than 30.8cm, the chain must be replaced. With
a properly maintained road bicycle, the chain generally lasts between 1600 and 2400 km. The
service life for mountain bikes is slightly less. Special tools and know-how are required to change the chain. Therefore, you should take your bike to your authorized dealer.
performed by an authorized dealer.
Note: The left and right pedals have a mark stamped on the corner indicating the side to which
they pertain.
Greasing the thread of the pedals
- Remove the pedals; spin the right pedal counterclockwise and the left pedal clockwise.
- Apply a thin layer of lubricant.
- Install the pedals on the corresponding side
- Tighten the pedals until they are securely connected to the crank arms.
Adjustment
Adjusting the drivetrain (cassette, chain, chainring and pedals) must be performed by an authoTK\GFFGCNGTUKPEGKVTGSWKTGUURGEKƂEVQQNUCPFURGEKCNUMKNNU
Adjusting the chain on a single speed bicycle
Gradually loosen the nuts of the wheel hub.
In single-speed bikes, or bicycles with internal hub shifters, chain tension has to be adjusted so
that, halfway between the wheel hub and bottom bracket, there is 1cm of slack in the chain.
Tighten the nuts until the wheel is uniformly secured.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
- Put one hand on the crank arm and one on the seatpost; try to move the crank arm towards
and against the seatpost. If it is loose, it needs to be checked by your dealer.
- If, when turning the chainrings, you notice that they are loose or you hear a strange noise in
the bearings, they need to be checked by your dealer.
- Clean the chainrings and inspect them for any damage. If any tooth is bent or damaged, the
chainring must be replaced by your authorized dealer.
5. GEAR SHIFTER
TRADITIONAL DRIVETRAIN
Attachment of the rear derailleur to the frame: 6-8Nm
Attachment of the front derailleur to the frame: 5-6Nm
Attachment of the shifting levers to the handlebar: 6-8Nm
This gear shifting system changes the chainring and cassette by derailing the chain, removing it
from one cog or chainring to another.
Lubrication and cleaning
Once a month, clean and lubricate the cassette and the chain. You should always keep a cloth
behind the chain so that oil does not drip on the rest of the bicycle. Once the chain is lubricated, clean any excess off the chain.
&QPQVWUGICUQNKPGVQENGCPVJGECUUGVVG+VKUJKIJN[ƃCOOCDNGCPFNGCXGUCVJKPƂNOQHITGCUG
CHVGTKVGXCRQTCVGU%NGCPVJGECUUGVVGYKVJCFGITGCUKPIƃWKFCPFDTWUJ
Once a year, lubricate the pedal bearings, the clipless pedal mechanism and the part of the
pedal that screws into the crank arms. Some bearings are sealed and do not require lubricaVKQP.WDTKECVKPIVJGDGCTKPIUTGSWKTGUURGEKƂEVQQNUCPFURGEKCNMPQYJQYCPFUJQWNFQPN[DG
Inspection
The following terms will be used in this section:
Upshifting: shifting to a gear that is harder to pedal: a larger chainring or a smaller cog
Downshifting: shifting to a gear that is easier to pedal: a smaller chainring or a larger cog
Proper adjustment of the gear shifting system will make it silent. If there is temporary noise
every time you shift, the shifter may need adjustment. If you cannot adjust it or the noise increases, take the bike to your authorized dealer.
Once a month, check that the cables are not twisted, rusted, have any broken wires or frayed
44
Once a month, check the function of the left shifting lever or front derailleur. Every time you
change the chainring, the front derailleur must be in a position that it does not rub against the
chain. Furthermore, the chain must not fall off the outside or inside chainring at any time.
Once a month, check the function of the right shifting lever or rear derailleur. Every time you
shift, the cog should be situated so that the chain can run smoothly without jumping. Furthermore, the chain should not fall off the outside or inside cog at any time.
Adjustment
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someone holding the rear wheel in the air, so that the gear shifting system and drivetrain can
work in a stationary position.
Positioning and adjusting the front derailleur
To correctly position the front derailleur:
- The cage plates must be perfectly parallel to the chainrings.
- Vertically, the position should be such that, with the front derailleur and the chain on the
middle chainring, the gap between the bottom of the outer cage plate of the front derailleur and
VJGVQRQHVJGQWVGTEJCKPTKPIVGGVJKUDGVYGGPVQOOCUUJQYPKPVJGƂIWTGDGNQY
- Place the chain, rear derailleur and front derailleur in the outside chainring-outside cog position.
- Turn the outer limit screw (H), so that when pedaling, the chain moves as close as possible to
VJGKPPGTRCTVQHVJGQWVGTECIGQHVJGHTQPVFGTCKNNGWTYKVJQWVTWDDKPICVCP[RQKPV
UGGƂIWTG
outer part of
derailleur
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
ends. You should also check the housing for loose cables, bent ends, cuts and signs of wear. If
you think there is a problem with the cables, do not ride your bike. Change the cable or take
your bike to your authorized dealer.
outer limit screw (H)
6QEQPƂTOVT[RGFCNKPIYKVJCNNQHVJGEJCKPTKPIEQIEQODKPCVKQPURQUUKDNG
If the chain falls off onto the crank arm in any of the combinations, turn the outer limit screw (H)
one quarter turn clockwise.
If the chain falls off onto the bottom bracket in any of the combinations, turn the inner limit
screw (L) one quarter turn clockwise.
If the front derailleur makes noise or the chain does not shift from one chainring to another
smoothly in the intermediate positions, turn the barrel adjustment on the derailleur lever to
achieve the optimum adjustment.
For proper regulation of the front derailleur motion, it should have two screws regulating the
inner and outer limits of the motion that can be positioned in different places depending on the
front derailleur model. The adjustment should be performed as follows:
Adjusting the rear derailleur
Like the front derailleur, the rear derailleur has inner and outer screws to limit the motion of the
rear derailleur that can be positioned in two different places, depending on the derailleur model.
The process is very similar to that used to regulate the front derailleur and is explained below:
- Place the chain, rear derailleur and front derailleur in the inside chainring-inside cog position.
- Turn the inner limit screw (L), so that when pedaling, the chain moves as close as possible to
VJGKPPGTRCTVQHVJGKPPGTECIGQHVJGHTQPVFGTCKNNGWTYKVJQWVTWDDKPICVCP[RQKPV
UGGƂIWTG
45
6QEQPƂTOVT[RGFCNKPIYKVJCNNQHVJGEJCKPTKPIEQIEQODKPCVKQPURQUUKDNG
- If the rear derailleur makes noise or the chain does not shift from one cog to another smoothly
in the intermediate positions, turn the barrel adjustment (located on the shifting lever, or on the
derailleur itself) to achieve the optimum adjustment.
- If the chain falls from the outside cog, tighten the outer limit screw (H) one quarter of a turn.
- If the chain cannot shift to the outside cog, from the outside cog, loosen the outer limit screw
(H) one quarter of a turn.
- If the chain falls from the inside cog towards the spokes, tighten the inner limit screw (L) one
quarter of a turn.
- If the chain cannot shift to the inside cog, loosen the inner limit screw (L) one quarter of a turn.
maneuvering.
- When you are about to shift gears, keep pedaling normally without excessive force and use the
shifting levers until the chain is correctly positioned on the desired cog and chainring.
- Avoid shifting when straining, even if the synchronized systems allow for it in a tough situation.
- Strictly avoid extreme combinations, such as the inner chainring with the two outermost cogs,
QTQWVGTEJCKPTKPIYKVJVJGVYQKPPGTOQUVEQIU6JGUGUKVWCVKQPUCUUJQYPKPVJGƂIWTGDGNQY
lead to a diagonal chain line that jeopardizes the performance of the drivetrain and durability of
your components (premature wear).
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
- Position the upper jockey wheel of the rear derailleur in line with the smallest cog using the
outer limit screw (H).
- Position the jockey wheel of rear derailleur in line with the largest cog using the inner limit
screw (L).
Replacing the gear wire:
- Position the chain on the inner chainring and outer cog.
- Loosen the pinch bolt holding the wire and pull it through the shifting lever.
- If you cannot access the wire due to the type of shifter, talk to your dealer.
- Inspect the housing. Change it if it is worn or rusted.
- Grease the new wire and insert it through the lever and all guides and housing.
- Follow the instructions for adjusting the cassette.
- Cut the wire so that it does not overhang more than 5cm from the pinch bolt.
- Attach a metal end cap to the wire to prevent the end from fraying.
Lubrication
Every month, lubricate all of the pivot points of both the front and rear derailleurs, as well as on
the jockey wheels.
Any wires that have been replaced must be lightly greased in those areas where it passes
through housing or rubs against anything.
If the cassette cannot be aligned as indicated, take the bicycle to your authorized dealer.
Optimizing use of the rear derailleur
If your bike is equipped with a double or triple chainring kit, you will be able to ride anywhere
easily, saving your strength and maintaining a uniform pedal stroke regardless of the terrain or
your speed.
However, to avoid any mechanical issues, (chain skipping, noise when pedaling, etc.) follow
these recommendations:
- Select the correct gear by shifting just before the start of an ascent or the obstacle you are
46
Some bicycles are equipped with a type of shifter inside the rear hub.
Nexus 7/8 speed
6JGKPVGTPCNIGCTJWDFTKXGVTCKPKUOCFGWRQHVJGHQNNQYKPIURGEKƂEEQORQPGPVU
- Shifters
- Rear hub
- Gear cable.
The drivetrain is sealed; therefore, it stays lubricated with little maintenance. This section will
explain how to inspect, adjust and lubricate the internal drivetrain.
Inspection
A well-adjusted drivetrain is silent. If it makes any noise when shifting, or while you are pedaling,
the gear cable may need to be adjusted. If the noise gets louder after adjusting it, stop the bicycle and analyze the origin of the noise. If necessary, take your bike to your authorized dealer.
Once a month, make sure that the shifters are correctly adjusted.
In a Nexus 8-speed hub, set the shift lever to 4. Check to be sure that the yellow setting lines on
the cassette joint bracket and pulley are aligned.
Once a month, check that the cables are not twisted, rusted, have any broken wires or frayed
ends. If you have any issues with the gear cable, do not use the bicycle. Change the gear cable
or take it to your authorized dealer.
Adjustment
Adjusting the rear drivetrain
- Set the shift lever to 4.
- Align the indicator on the pulley of the rear wheel hub with the cassette joint bracket.
- If they cannot be aligned, adjust the cassette cable tension to do so.
- Move the lever to 1 and then to 4, and check the adjustment.
Changing the drivetrain cable
.QQUGPVJGECDNGƂZKPIDQNV
7PUETGYVJGDQNVCPFJQNFVJGƂZKPIPWVCVVJGGPFQHVJGECDNG
5NKFGVJGƂZKPIPWVHTQOVJGGPFQHVJGECDNGHQTYCTFU
- Make a note of the length of the old cable for installing the new cable.
- Install the new cable.
#VVCEJVJGECDNGƂZKPIPWV
- Attach the shifter casing.
- Attach a metal end cap to the wire to prevent the end from fraying.
- Follow the instructions to adjust the rear drivetrain.
Lubrication
6JGTGCTFTKXGVTCKPOWUVDGNWDTKECVGFQPEGC[GCT6JKURTQEGUUTGSWKTGUURGEKƂEVQQNUCPF
special know-how. It should only be performed by an authorized dealer.
The cable must be lubricated whenever it is replaced.
6. FORK AND HEADSET
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
INTERNAL GEAR HUB DRIVETRAIN
The headset is the set of bearings that allows the fork, stem and handlebar of the bicycle to
rotate. This section will explain how to inspect, lubricate and adjust the fork and headset.
If your bike is equipped with a suspension fork, read the chapter on suspension forks. If your biE[ENGJCUCPCNWOKPWOQTECTDQPƂDGTHQTMTGCFVJGEJCRVGTQPECTKPIHQT[QWTHQTMCPFHTCOG
Inspection
Once a month, inspect your bike’s headset and check that it is not too loose or tight. If it is, do
not use the bicycle. Take it to your authorized dealer.
Checking headset play
- Stand over the horizontal tube of the bike with both feet on the ground.
- Squeeze the front brake while moving the bicycle forward and back.
If your bicycle does not have a front brake, turn the front wheel so that it is perpendicular the
force applied.
- Watch, listen and feel if the headset is loose.
Checking the tightness of the headset adjustment
- Stand over the horizontal tube of the bike with both feet on the ground.
- With the front wheel on the ground, turn the fork and the handlebar left to right and vice versa.
- Watch, listen and feel if the headset is tight, or if it makes noise or gets stuck at certain points.
WARNING #PKORTQRGTCFLWUVOGPVQHVJGJGCFUGVEQWNFECWUG[QWVQNQUGEQPVTQNCPFHCNN/CMG
sure the headset is correctly adjusted prior to use.
47
Lubrication
6JGJGCFUGVOWUVDGNWDTKECVGFQPEGC[GCT6JKUTGSWKTGUURGEKCNVQQNUCPFURGEKƂEUMKNNU6JGTGfore, it should only be performed by your authorized dealer.
BRAKING SYSTEM
The braking system allows you to reduce your speed, a critical function of your bicycle. This
section will explain how to inspect, adjust and lubricate your bicycle’s brakes. You should also
TGCFVJGURGEKƂEKPHQTOCVKQPEQTTGURQPFKPIVQGCEJV[RGQHDTCMGWUGF
Suggestions for all braking systems-all systems
6JGFKHHGTGPVV[RGUQHDTCMGUJCXGFKHHGTGPVDTCMKPIECRCEKVKGU+H[QWCTGPQVUCVKUƂGFQTEQOHQTtable with your braking system, talk to your authorized dealer.
the speed of the bicycle.
These systems are made up of the following components:
- Rim
- Braking levers / Fluid reservoir
- Brake cable and housing / Hydraulic hose
- Brake shoes
$TCMGƃWKFHTQOVJGJ[FTCWNKEU[UVGOKUJKIJN[EQTTQUKXG#XQKFEQPVCEVYKVJVJGUMKPQTDKE[ENG
as it could corrode the paint.
0GXGTWUGTKOUFGUKIPGFHQTFKUEDTCMGUYKVJVJGUGU[UVGOU6JGTKOUOWUVJCXGCƃCVUWTHCEG
on which the brake shoes can act.
Inspection
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with the handlebar. If the lever touches the handlebar, the reach should be regulated as explained below. If you have a hydraulic systemic, it must be purged. This action must be performed
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With any braking system, a failure in the adjustment, maintenance or use of the brakes could
cause you to lose control of the bicycle and suffer the consequences that could entail. If you are
unsure about the adjustment of your brakes, or if you suspect there is a problem, do not use the
bicycle. Take it to your authorized dealer.
Likewise, if you have a hydraulic system, check that there are no crimps or leaks in the hose.
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tools and know-how. Therefore it should be done by an authorized dealer.
+VKUFKHƂEWNVVQCFLWUVVJGDTCMKPIU[UVGOKH[QWFQPQVJCXGVJGPGEGUUCT[MPQYNGFIGGZRGTKGPce or materials. We highly recommend that you have your authorized dealer adjust your brakes.
When the brakes are not being applied, the shoes should be 1-2mm from the rim. The brake
shoes must be aligned with the rim surface. If your brakes are too loose, tight or misaligned
with the rim, adjust them prior to using the bicycle.
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Adjustment
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performed by your authorized dealer.
Not all brakes are compatible with all levers. Only use levers that are compatible with your
brakes, such as those that originally came with your bike.
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VJGTGEQWNFDGUQOGRTQDNGOGKVJGTYKVJVJGDTCMGUECDNGUQTJ[FTCWNKEU[UVGO2QQTDTCMG
HWPEVKQPEQWNFECWUG[QWVQNQUGEQPVTQNCPFHCNN+H[QWTDKE[ENGKUPQVHWPEVKQPKPIRTQRGTN[TGCFLWUV
KVCPFVCMGKVVQ[QWTCWVJQTK\GFFGCNGT
RIM BRAKING SYSTEMS
Introduction
This system is made up of different brake families, such as Cantilever, V-Brake and Caliper.
In these systems, the levers are connected to the brake through cables or hydraulic systems.
When squeezing the levers, the brake shoes act on the rim and slow the wheels, which reduces
The angular alignment of the brake shoe must be considered to prevent the brakes from squeaking. Used brake shoes and some new V-Brake types may not require this alignment.
Once a month, check the status of the brake shoes. The brake shoes have small channels on the
friction surface. If any of these channels is less than 2mm deep, or less than 1mm in V-Brakes,
48
In V-Brakes, if the perpendicular distance to the braking surface can be regulated, make sure
that Distance A, as shown in the diagram below, is greater than or equal to 39mm.
Regulating the brake shoe vertically should be such that the edge of the rim is 1mm above
the end of the shoe. The shoe must come in contact with the rim exactly perpendicular to the
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The shoe must be slightly inclined in the direction of the wheel’s rotation. Otherwise, braking
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Every 3 months, tighten the bolts in the brake levers and shoes.
Brake lever mounting bolt: 6-8Nm
Every 3 months, tighten the bolts in the Cantilever, V-Brake and Caliper brakes.
Brake shoe holder: 8-10Nm
Brake mounting bolt: 8-10Nm
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the brake shoes must be replaced. If the original brake shoes did not have channels, replace
them when the end of the rubber pad is only 3mm from the metal support.
Adjustment
Adjusting brake lever reach
It is possible to regulate the reach of some brake levers. Find the reach adjustment screw for
the lever. To increase the reach, turn the screw clockwise. To reduce the reach, turn the screw
counterclockwise.
On some occasions it is necessary to readjust the distance between the shoes and the rim after
adjusting lever reach.
Once a month, check the brake cables for twisting, rust, broken threads and frayed ends, and
check that the housing is not crimped, cut or worn. Replace any component that does not pass
inspection.
In Cantilever brakes, there should be a distance of 20mm between the link unit and the end of
the brake cable housing support.
Adjusting the distance between the shoes and the rim
To increase the distance to the rim, turn the reach adjustment screw clockwise. Turn it counterclockwise to reduce the distance.
If you cannot adjust the shoes in this manner, loosen the pinch bolt and tighten the cable again,
49
Centering V-Brake, Cantilever and Caliper brakes.
Turn the central screw in short intervals, checking the centering often.
Adjusting the alignment of the brake shoes
- Loosen the brake shoe holder bolt.
- Follow the instructions for inspecting the alignment and tightening the shoes.
- After the brakes are adjusted, fully depress the levers 10 times. Make sure the cables do not
come loose, the shoes remain in the correct position with respect to the rim and that the tires
do not come in contact with the shoes.
adjuster screw
- For Cantilever and Caliper brakes: release the straddle cable. With one hand, squeeze the
brake shoes against rim, and with the other, pull the cable end cap away from the retention
holder. Once the shoes are released, the brake will open. To close the brake, follow these instructions in reverse.
- For V-Brakes: disconnect the noodle from the noodle holder. With one hand, squeeze the brake
shoes against rim, and with the other, pull the noodle backwards from the holder and lift the
noodle. Once disconnected, the brake will open when you release the shoes. To close the brake,
follow these instructions in reverse.
Lubrication
- Every 3 months, lubricate the brake lever pivots with synthetic lubricant as you would for the
chain.
- When you are going install a brake cable, you should grease it with a thin layer of synthetic
lubricant.
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as explained in the section for installing a brake cable, but without removing it.
HYDRAULIC DISC BRAKES:
Installing a brake cable
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it should be done by an authorized dealer.
- Determine the reach of the old cable, loosen the brake cable anchor bolt and disassemble the
old cable.
- Grease the new cable and install it, positioning it with the same reach as the old cable.
- Check that the end of the cable is well-secured and properly adjust the housing.
- If necessary, follow the instructions for adjusting brake shoe alignment.
- Turn the bolt clockwise so the shoe is not above or outside the rim.
- Hold the shoes against the rim and tighten the bolt.
- Cut the end of the cable so that only 5mm of cable overhangs from the bolt.
- Attach an end cap to the end of the cable.
- Follow the inspection and adjustment instructions.
Opening the brake to remove the wheels:
Note: you must follow the inspection instructions in the wheels section to complete this installation.
Introduction
Instead of a shoe exerting pressure on the rim of wheel, a pad acts on a disc located in the front
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of:
- Braking levers / Fluid reservoir
- Hydraulic hose
- Disc brake pad
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could corrode the paint.
Disc brakes can become very hot after use. Be very careful when inspecting them. Like with
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WARNING Disc brakes can even burn your skin. Moreover, the corners can be sharp and cut
you. Avoid touching the disc and brakes when they are hot or rotating.
You should not depress the brake levers when the disc is not inside the caliper. If the lever is depressed when the disc has been removed, the distance between the pads is almost null due to
the self-adjuster. Therefore, you will not be able to reassemble the disc. If this were to happen,
consult the disc brake manual or go to your authorized dealer.
- For most brakes, lift the brake release lever to the Open position. To close it, turn the lever to
the Closed position.
50
Removing brake pads
Check that there is no oil, grease or other type of dirt on the disc. The disc is an essential part
of the braking system; therefore, it must be kept clean. Remove the brake pads from the calipers when you are going to deep-clean. Do not use cleansers, degreasers or solvents to clean
the disc. Only use isopropyl alcohol.
Removing the wheel
Once a month, make sure that the disc brakes are not worn. If the brake pads have a thickness
less than 1mm, they should be changed. You must also check that the brake pads are correctly
positioned at a distance between 0.25 and 0.75mm from the disc when the brakes are not
applied. Turn the wheel. When the levers are not depressed, the brake pads should touch the
discs as little as possible.
When you are going to replace the wheel, carefully guide the disc between the brake pads. If
you press the edge of the disc against the pads, they can crack or be damaged and need to be
replaced.
The torque for disc brake bolts is:
Caliper mount bolts: 11.5-12.5Nm
Caliper bridge bolt: 11.5-12.5Nm
Disc screws: 5-6Nm
Handlebar Master Cylinder Clamp Screw: 3-4Nm
Check there are no crimps or leaks in the hose. Replace any hydraulic part that does not pass
KPURGEVKQP6JKUTGRNCEGOGPVTGSWKTGUURGEKƂEVQQNUCPFMPQYJQY6JGTGHQTGKVUJQWNFDGFQPG
by an authorized dealer.
Adjustment
Adjusting brake lever reach
- Locate the reach adjustment screw between the lever and the handlebar, near the lever pivot.
- To increase the reach, turn the screw clockwise. To reduce the reach, turn the screw counterclockwise.
Aligning the brake with the disc
- Loosen the caliper mount bolt.
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inspection section.
- Remove the wheel.
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Removing the wheel with disc brakes does not require you to take apart the braking system.
Carefully slide the disc out of the brake.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
Inspection
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with the handlebar. If the lever touches the handlebar, the system should be purged. This action
OWUVDGRGTHQTOGFD[[QWTCWVJQTK\GFFGCNGTUKPEGKVTGSWKTGUURGEKƂEOCVGTKCNUCPFMPQYJQY
Lubrication
Lubricate the pivots every three months with synthetic lubricant, as you would with the chain.
The brake pads do not need to be lubricated.
MECHANICAL DISC BRAKES
Introduction
Instead of a shoe exerting pressure on the rim of wheel, a pad acts on a disc located in the front
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cable that extends out of the lever. The braking system is made up of:
- Brake lever
- Brake cables and housing
- Disc brake pads
Disc brakes can become very hot after use. Be very careful when inspecting them. Like with
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WARNING Disc brakes can become very hot and even burn your skin. Moreover, the corners
can be sharp and cut you. Avoid touching the disc and brakes when they are hot or rotating.
Inspection
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contact with the handlebar.
Check that there is no oil, grease or other type of dirt on the disc. The disc is an essential part
of the braking system; therefore, it must be kept clean. Remove the brake pads from the calipers when you are going to deep-clean. Do not use cleansers, degreasers or solvents to clean
51
Removing the wheel
Once a month, make sure that the disc brakes are not worn. If the brake pads have a thickness
less than 1mm, they should be changed. You must also check that the brake pads are correctly
positioned at a distance between 0.25 and 0.75mm from the disc when the brakes are not
applied. Turn the wheel. When the levers are not depressed, the brake pads should touch the
discs as little as possible.
- Removing the wheel with disc brakes does not require you to take apart the braking system.
Carefully slide the disc out of the brake.
The torque for disc brake bolts is:
Caliper mount bolt: 11.5-12.5Nm
Caliper bridge bolt: 11.5-12.5Nm
Disc screws: 5-6Nm
Pinch bolt: 6-8Nm
Once a month, check the brake cables of your bike for twisting, rust, broken threads and frayed
ends and check that the housing is not crimped, cut or worn. Replace any component that does
not pass inspection.
Adjustment
Adjusting the reach of the brake levers
- Locate the reach adjustment screw between the lever and the handlebar, near the lever pivot.
- To increase the reach, turn the screw clockwise. To reduce the reach, turn the screw counterclockwise.
Adjusting the gap between the pad and the disc
- Turn the pad adjuster bolt. To increase the pad gap, turn the adjuster clockwise. To decrease
the pad gap, turn the adjuster counterclockwise.
Aligning the brake with the disc
- Loosen the caliper mount bolt.
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inspection section.
Removing brake pads
- When you are going to replace the wheel, carefully guide the disc between the brake pads. If
you press the edge of the disc against the pads, they can crack or be damaged and need to be
replaced.
Lubrication
- Lubricate the pivots every three months with synthetic lubricant, as you would with the chain.
- The brake pads do not need to be lubricated.
Installing the cable
Follow the installation instructions explained for Cantilever, V-Brake and Caliper brakes.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
the disc. Only use isopropyl alcohol.
DRUM BRAKES
Introduction
The braking mechanism is found within the rear hub, but unlike coaster brakes, it is applied by
hand. The lever is connected to the brake through a cable, and the system has the following
components:
- Brake lever
- Brake cables and housing
- Rear hub
Inspection
You should check that the bolts of the braking system are well tightened and that the brake
cables have no rust, broken threads or frayed ends. You must also check that the housing is not
crimped, cut or worn. Replace any pieces that do not pass your inspection.
Adjustment
Reducing lever reach
- Loosen the adjustment barrel and turn the screw. To increase the reach, turn it clockwise. Turn
it counterclockwise to reduce the distance.
- After adjusting the reach, tighten the barrel.
- Remove the wheel
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52
First, disconnect the rear derailleur and brake cables. To disconnect the brake cable, be careful
not to touch the rear hub since it may be hot even 30 minutes after use.
To disconnect the gear cable, shift to the outside cog. Pull the cable housing and turn the
mounting nut until the washers align with the groove. Once this is completed, you can remove
the cable.
To uninstall the hub from the frame, turn the hub bolts gradually in small movements so that
the adjustment of the bearing axis is not affected.
To install the rear wheel, follow the instructions above, inversely, including the slow tightening
of the bolts. Once this is completed, check the tension of the derailleur cable and inspect the
wheel.
Lubrication
You must lubricate the pivots of the brake lever every three months. Every time a new brake
cable is installed, it must be lubricated.
COASTER BRAKES
Introduction
Instead of being applied with your hands, coaster brakes are applied using your feet and pedaling backwards. The chain transmits the movement of the pedals to the rear wheel hub where
the braking mechanism is located. This braking system consists of:
- Rear hub
- Chain and chainring-crank arm set
Inspection
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the sprocket.
Once a month, or whenever you replace a wheel, make sure to check the tension of the wheel.
Without proper tension, the chain can fall off, causing the brake to malfunction. Chain adjustment is explained in previous chapters.
Removing the rear wheel
- To remove the brake arm, loosen and remove the brake arm bolt.
- To uninstall the hub, loosen the hub bolts gradually in small increments so that the adjustment
of the bearing axis is not affected.
- Slightly loosen the nut on one side of the hub by turning it one quarter of a turn.
- Slightly loosen the nut on the other side of the hub by turning it one quarter of a turn.
- Continue loosening the nuts carefully until you are able to remove them from the hub.
Replacing the rear wheel
- Place the chain on the hub, not on the cog, and slide the hub towards the teeth.
- Push the wheel to the proper position in the rear fork, lift the chain to position it on the cog,
pulling on the wheel to obtain good tension.
- While you are holding the wheel in the frame and maintaining the chain tension, follow the
instructions to remove the wheel backwards, including the gradual adjustment of the bolts.
If necessary, you will have to re-tense the chain.
- Re-install the brake arm, and tighten the brake arm bolt.
- Follow the inspection steps in the wheels section of this chapter to complete installation.
- Spin the wheel to see if it spins freely and is centered.
- Verify that the brake is functioning properly.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
Removing the rear wheel
Lubrication
Coaster brakes do not need additional lubrication. Follow the recommendations in the Wheels
section for the lubrication of the hub bearings.
7. WHEELS
Introduction
Bicycle wheels allow the bike to travel smoothly; therefore, their integrity is essential. The relationship between the wheels and the braking system is extremely important.
This section will explain how to inspect, adjust and lubricate the wheels of your bike.
Inspection
The best type of maintenance you can perform on a wheel is preventive. Be aware of any problems that could arise and correct them before they occur.
Before each use, check that the quick-release is in the Closed position or that the nut is well
tightened. For more information about tightening the wheel, read the corresponding section, or
ask your authorized dealer. Check that the wheels are trued and centered by spinning them. If
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VJGVKTGRTGUUWTGKUEQTTGEV+PƃCVGVJGVKTGUWUKPICJCPFRWOR0GXGTKPƃCVG[QWTVKTGUCVCICU
station. Check the tires for wear or any other type of damage. If a tire has any cuts or openings
that allow you to see the inner tube, change it before riding. Check that the wheels are clean. A
dirty or greasy wheel could impede proper brake function. Clean the rims with a clean cloth or
53
Every week, make sure there are no loose, damaged or broken spokes. If a wheel is not in good
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WARNING An improperly adjusted hub could cause you to lose control and fall. Carefully inspect the hub system before each ride, and do not use the bike until any problem that may arise
during the inspection has been resolved.
- Turn the lever of the quick-release to the Open position, and insert the wheel in the blades of
the bike and make sure the axle is securely positioned.
- Now move the lever to 45 and tighten the quick-release bolt clockwise with your hand until you
cannot turn it anymore.
- Move the lever to the tightening position. Once closed, it should be in the Closed position as
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Do not tighten the quick-release as if it were a bolt; the attachment will not be tight enough to
keep the wheel in position.
Once a month, check that the front and rear hubs are well adjusted. Lift the front wheel and try
to move the rim from left to right. Watch and feel for any play in the rim. Spin the wheel and
listen for any strange sounds in the movement. If the hub appears to be loose or makes strange
noises, the hub will need to be adjusted. Repeat this process with the rear wheel.
Every month, check the wear of your rims. In some adult bicycles, there are indicators for wear
on the braking surface. If the rim is so worn that you cannot see the wear indicators, the rim
change should be performed by your authorized dealer.
Before installing the rim, make sure the rim tape is installed, so that the spoke nipples or ends
do not puncture the inner tube.
WARNING Make sure the rim tape covers all spoke ends and nipples. If any are left uncovered
and puncture the inner tube, the wheel will lose pressure suddenly, making you lose control and
fall.
Adjustment
Adjusting the front hub
6JKURTQEGFWTGTGSWKTGUURGEKƂEOCVGTKCNUCPFMPQYJQY6JGTGHQTGKVUJQWNFQPN[DGRGTHQTmed by an authorized dealer.
Adjusting the quick-release mechanism
To properly and safely adjust the quick-release mechanism, carefully read and follow the instructions below.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
wash them with soap and water. Rinse and allow to air dry.
NO
WARNING A quick-release that is not properly adjusted could cause the wheel to loosen or fall
out unexpectedly, and cause you to lose control or possibly fall. Be sure that the quick-release is
correctly adjusted and closed before using the bicycle.
- If the lever can be easily moved to the Open position (less than 50 Newton), that means that
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turn the lever to the Closed position. If the force needed to turn the lever is excessive (more
than 200 Newton) repeat the operation above but loosening the bolt counterclockwise. Repeat
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- The quick-release should be oriented in such a way that it does not interfere with other bike
accessories.
- If the quick-release mechanism fails, take your bike to your authorized dealer.
Checking the quick-release mechanism adjustment
- Lift your bike and strike the upper part of the wheel. The wheel should not drop out, loosen or
move from side to side.
- Make sure the quick-release lever cannot rotate in parallel with the tire.
- If you need more than 200 N force to close the quick-release, it is too tight and you must
readjust it.
- If you need less than 53 N to close the quick-release, it is too weak and you must readjust it.
Adjusting with bolts
- Install the wheel into the blades (of the frame or fork) and make sure the axle is securely inside
the slots.
54
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correctly positioned, repeat the adjustment procedure or take your bike to your authorized
dealer.
Lubrication
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should only be performed by an authorized dealer.
- Lubricate the quick-release lever with a synthetic lubricant ever year.
SCHRADER AND PRESTA VALVES
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tires.
Checking the clamp nuts are properly adjusted
Lift your bike and strike the upper part of the wheel. The wheel should not drop out, loosen or
move from side to side.
Schrader valve: TGOQXGVJGXCNXGECRCVVCEJCRWORYKVJVJGRTQRGTJGCFƂVVKPIHQTVJKUV[RG
QHXCNXGCPFKPƃCVGVJGYJGGN1PEGKPƃCVGFTGRNCEGVJGECRUQVJCVVJGXCNXGFQGUPQVDGEQOG
dirty.
Adjusting tire pressure
If you cannot maintain proper tire pressure, it is most likely punctured or has a leak. Repairing
a puncture is explained in the tire inspection section. If you do not have the proper tools to complete the repair, take your bicycle to your authorized dealer.
Presta valve: Remove the cap, if any. Unscrew the valve stem lock nut and push down on the
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YKVJVJGRTQRGTJGCFƂVVKPI#HVGTKPƃCVKPIVKIJVGPVJGXCNXGUVGONQEMPWV
REMOVING AND INSTALLING WHEELS WITH GEAR SHIFTING MECHANISMS
Some parts of this chapter refer to parts that have already been explained, such as wheels and
braking systems.
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the brake section.
Removing the wheel
- Position the chain on the outermost cog.
- Open the brakes as indicated in the braking section
- Open the quick-release of the wheel or loosen the hub nut.
- Slide the wheel out of the fork ends.
Installing a wheel
- For the rear wheel, rotate the chain to position it on the outermost cog.
- Insert the wheel in the frame or fork, making sure that the hub is well inserted in the fork ends.
- Readjust the quick-release or tighten the hub nut as explained in the wheels section.
- Check the brakes and make sure they are well-adjusted.
- Spin the wheel and check that it is trued and spins freely without rubbing against anything.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
- Insert the clamp nut.
- Gradually turn the nuts on either side of the axle in opposite directions. The following torques
should be applied:
Front wheel: 20-28 Nm
Rear wheel: 27-34 Nm
TUBELESS WHEELS
Some bicycles are equipped with a tubeless tire system. This is made up of the tire, a rim and a
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YKNNJCXGVQKPUVCNNCVWDGUKPEGVJGVKTGKUPQVUWHƂEKGPVN[UGCNGFVQOCKPVCKPVJGRTGUUWTG6JKU
section explains the requirements of this system and includes instructions for assembly.
WARNING A normal tire is not able to maintain air pressure without an inner tube. If an inner
tube is not used, you could lose control and fall. Always use an inner tube with standard tires.
Repairing punctures in tubeless tires.
A well-installed tubeless tire can lose up to 0.25atm per day. If the loss is greater than that,
look for a leak. Dirt, sand, mud or possible grooves could weaken the seal between the rim and
VJGVKTGCPFECWUGNGCMU%JGEMVJCVVJGXCNXGKUƂTON[KPRQUKVKQP%JGEMHQTRWPEVWTGUCPFVJG
sealing surface.
- Tire with rim
- Valve with rim
If the tire has a puncture hole smaller than 3mm, it can be repaired from inside the tire with
an appropriate patch. If the opening of the tire is greater than 3mm, the entire tire must be
55
A tubeless tire must be completely sealed to the rim
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tire is correct. This connection must be even more secure than that of the conventional tire. If
you are using tire levers, be careful not to damage the rim or the tire itself. If any of the surfaces
is scratched, installing the tire could cause leaking problems.
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Installing the valve
- Align the holes of the rim and the rim tape for the valve.
- Align the valve head with the holes above and push the valve through the rim tape and rim.
- Screw the tubeless valve stem lock nut with your hand. There should be no space between the
rim and the valve.
- Check that the rim tape is properly in place.
Installing tubeless tires
- We recommend dampening the rim and tire with soap and water to facilitate installation.
- Starting with the area opposite the valve, insert one side of the tire inside the rim.
- Repeat this action with the other side of the tire.
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- Most tires have lines or markings just above the chafer.
- When the tire is properly positioned, these markings should be uniform around the rim.
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WARNING If tubeless tire pressure is low, you could lose control and fall. Do not use tires with
under 2atm of pressure.
Removing tubeless tires
The area of the rim where the tire rests is very thin. Therefore, you will need to rotate the tire to
remove it from the rim.
Allow all of the air to be released from the tire.
Spin the tire while removing one of the beads of the tire from the rim. Once it has come out
completely, remove the other bead, starting at the valve.
Installing an inner tube and tire
A standard tire can be used with an inner tube.
Make sure the rim tape is covering all spoke ends and nipples.
Install the inner tube and tire as you normally would.
Converting to a tubeless tire
- Remove the tire and inner tube.
- Make sure the rim tape is covering all spoke openings.
- Follow the instructions for installing a valve.
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Removing the rim tape
- If the rim tape is going to be used again, be careful not to damage it.
- Follow the instructions on how to uninstall a tubeless tire and the valve stem.
- Insert a screwdriver through the valve opening of the rim tape, between the rim tape and the
rim.
- Lift the rim tape with the screwdriver and insert a tire lever under the rim tape.
- Using the tire lever, lift and turn the rim tape upwards and outwards from the rim.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
replaced.
Installing rim tape
- There are two types of rim tape, one for symmetrical rims and one for asymmetrical rims. ConƂTOVJCV[QWCTGKPUVCNNKPIVJGEQTTGEVV[RGQHTKOVCRGHQT[QWTTKO+H[QWTTKOKUCU[OOGVTKECN
make sure it is well aligned.
- Check that the rim tape is in good condition, without scratches, holes or deformities.
- Align the opening of the rim tape with the hole in the rim for the valve.
- Insert the valve stem through the rim tape opening.
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- Complete the tire installation procedure.
INSTALLING THE TIRE
These instructions apply to standard wheel systems where the air inside the tire is retained by
an inner tube. Follow these instructions for repairing and replacing the inner tube or tire.
Removing the wheel
- Follow the instructions for opening the brake in the braking system section.
- Follow the instructions on how to remove the wheel in the wheels chapter.
56
Installing the tire
If you are repairing a puncture, repair the punctured area with a patch or replace the inner tube.
Follow the inspection procedure in the wheels section to check the rim and inner part of the
wheel.
If you are replacing an inner tube or tire, make sure the new tire is the same size as the preXKQWUQPGQTCUM[QWTCWVJQTK\GFFGCNGTCDQWVEQORCVKDNGQRVKQPU;QWYKNNDGCDNGVQƂPFVJG
size on the side of the tire.
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- Position the inner tube in the tire.
- Insert the valve through the opening in the rim.
- Starting at the valve, insert the tire into the rim.
- Push the tire until it is completely installed with the inner tube inside the tire, and the tire
inside the rim. Be careful not to pinch the inner tube in the tire or rim.
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Installing the wheel
Follow the instructions on how to install the wheel in the wheels chapter.
Follow the instructions for closing the brake in the braking system section.
8. REFLECTORS
Introduction
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an important part of the safety system. Therefore, you must not remove them.
Inspection
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9. SUSPENSION SYSTEMS
Suspension systems: Forks
Suspension forks allow the front wheel to move in way that absorbs the shock from irregularities
in your path and reduce the vibrations you feel.
Suspension forks must be regularly lubricated so that they can work smoothly and have a
long service life. The section below is complementary to the information provided by the fork
supplier. If you have not received said information, you can download it from the supplier’s
website or contact us.
Inspection
Before every use, make sure the suspension fork is working correctly. Never use the bicycle if
there is not enough space between the fork and the wheel.
Adjustment
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Changing the characteristics of the suspension fork will have an impact on the headset and
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VTCHƂEUQVJCV[QWECPEJGEMCPFHCOKNKCTK\G[QWTUGNHYKVJ[QWTDKMGoUPGYRGTHQTOCPEG
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
Removing the tire from the wheel
Never use sharp object or a screwdriver to remove the tire. Use your hands or tire levers.
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- Squeeze the sides of the tire around the entire rim.
- Starting with the area opposite the valve, start removing the tire from the rim.
- Continue removing the tire around the rim until it is completely free.
- Remove the tire and the inner tube.
Lubrication
Follow the lubrication and maintenance instructions in the suspension fork manual.
WARNING An improper adjustment of the suspension fork could cause you to lose control and
fall. Make sure the suspension fork bolts are properly adjusted, and that the distance between
the tire and fork is adequate.
Suspension systems: rear suspension
Rear suspension allows for a vertical movement of the rear wheel to absorb the shock from
irregularities in your path and reduce the vibrations you feel.
The section below is complementary to the information provided by the suspension supplier.
If you have not received said information, you can download it from the supplier’s website or
contact us.
For optimum performance of your rear suspension system, the maintenance and care for each
one its parts is very important:
- Frame
- Swing arm
- Bearings
- Mounting components
- Rear shock
57
Keep the suspension components clean. Dirt, mud and other pollutants can cause wear or premature fatigue of the suspension. To clean the suspension system, use a cloth and soft-bristle
brush with soap and water. Never use solvents or chemicals that could strip the lubrication from
the bearings or rear shock.
Changing the characteristics of the suspension system will have an impact on the headset and
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Lubrication
You should not lubricate the shock or pivot of the suspension system on your bike, since this
could damage the cartridge or bearings. For the long life of your suspension system, only clean
it with soap and water, or with water alone.
10. CARING FOR YOUR FRAME AND FORK
Orbea frames are constructed with a range of premium materials. For safety and durability
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Inspection
Before each use, carefully inspect the entire frameset (frame and fork) for any signs of fatigue,
such as scratches, cracks, dents, deformities or discoloring. If any of the components shows
signs of fatigue or is damaged, replace it before using the bicycle.
Information about the frame
In aluminum and steel frames, the seatpost must be greased prior to inserting it in the frame. A
special carbon compound should be used for this in the carbon frame. A thin layer of grease will
insulate it and prevent corrosion.
The resistances for the various pressure adjusters or threads are extremely important. If you
tighten a piece excessively, of if it is misaligned, the piece or the frame may break. In you apply
too much torque, you could break the piece or damage the thread. You should always begin
screwing with your hand and not a wrench. The torque for the lower mount is 50-70Nm. The
torque for the cassette is 8-10Nm.
When cleaning the parts of the frame, do not use solvents or strong chemicals. Any dirt should
be cleaned with a cloth and soap and water. The use of industrial solvents could damage the
frame’s paint.
Stripping the paint from the frame requires special techniques and much care. Some abrasives
can strip part of the frame material, and thus weaken it. It is advisable that you contact your
dealer.
The frame should not be exposed to extreme temperatures (65ºC), since they could damage the
binding adhesive of the various components.
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hazardous.
Changing the fork could affect your bicycle’s turning capacity or create excessive tensions.
Suspension forks can generate effects of fatigue on your bicycle. You must not add suspension
to a road bike or modify the length of a fork. If you are going to replace the fork of your bicycle,
talk to your dealer to make sure that the fork is compatible with the frame.
WARNING 0GXGTOQFKH[VJGHTCOGCUUGODN[KPCP[YC[5CPFKPIFTKNNKPIƂNNKPIJQNGUWPKPUVCNNKPIGZEGUUFGXKEGUQTCP[QVJGTQRGTCVKQPQPVJGDKE[ENGKPCFFKVKQPVQKORTQRGTOQFKƂECVKQPU
of the frame, fork or any other component could cause you to lose control of the bicycle and
fall.
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
For your system to work correctly, it is very important that the different components are securely tightened and the rear shock is adjusted according to your weight, way of riding and type of
terrain on which you normally ride.
Carbon frames
It is essential that carbon frames have a chainstay guard in place in the event the chain falls
inward. Check that the frame chain protectors are always in good condition. If they are damaged, go to your dealer so they can be replaced immediately.
Do not leave these frames exposed to the sun since they degenerate faster than aluminum or
steel frames.
Frame repair
Most damage to the frame has to be repaired at the Orbea plant. The frame can be returned
through an authorized dealer.
11. ACCESSORIES
Introduction
To improve the features of your bike, it can be equipped with different types of accessories,
such as dynamos, lighting systems to improve visibility, luggage carriers or bells. All accessories
must be properly maintained for optimum performance.
Inspection
Once a month, inspect the various accessory nuts and bolts and their respective mounting
systems. The torque for the fender bolts is 3.5-4.5Nm and the connection between the fender
and frame should be 6-7Nm.
58
WARNING When the bike is stopped, the dynamo cannot generate energy for the light bulbs,
thus reducing visibility and causing you to not be seen by other vehicles. In this case, use batteries or avoid stopping in poorly lit areas.
Once the dynamo is connected, make sure the light shines and is properly aimed so that you
can have optimum light and luminosity. The lighting system must be kept clean.
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Lighting systems
The lighting system has been designed to increase security in low visibility conditions, such as
night-time or fog. These lighting systems can be powered by dynamos or batteries. If a dynamo
is used, it must be properly installed and adjusted, so that it is in the “On” position thanks to
the spinning motion of the wheel to provide the necessary power to the lighting system (at a
minimum speed of 6km/h).
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and adapt to the conditions. You are less visible at night than during the day, even if your lights
are on. Ride defensively.
In addition, we recommend you change the light bulbs in your system every six months because
there is no indicator to warn you if they are broken. You will run the risk of being left without
functioning lights when you most need them.
Avoid pulling or cutting cables of the lighting system; if they are damaged, the lights will stop
working.
Installation
If your bicycle does not have a set of lights and you would like to add them, we recommend you
talk to your authorized dealer.
If you want to change the light bulbs in your lighting system, check the voltage and power of the
original bulbs. If you have any questions, talk to your authorized dealer.
Installing a light bulb
- Find the screw for the cover behind the rear or front light.
- Unscrew it using a Phillips screwdriver.
- Take apart the light bulb so that you can unscrew the bulb itself. Be careful not to break the
light bulb when removing it.
- Install the new light bulb in its place and follow the instructions in reverse.
59
BEFORE EVERY USE
WEEKLY
MONTHLY
EVERY 3 MONTHS
ANNUALLY
Check that the wheels are trued
Check that the screws in the various
suspension systems are tight
Check the rims
Inspect and lubricate brake levers
Lubricate suspension forks
Check tire pressure
Lubricate the suspension fork
Check the adjustment of the bearings
Inspect the cassette and chainrings
Lubricate quick-releases
Check your brakes
Check the spokes
Inspect the adjustment of all accessories
Inspect the crank arms and pedals
Lubricate the seatpost
Check that both wheels are secure
Clean the bicycle
Check the chain tension
Lubricate the valve stem
Check the handlebar and stem
Check the lighting system and
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Check the braking system
Lubricate the pedal threads and
bearings
Check the suspension setting
Check the tire for cuts and rips
Check the internal shifter
Lubricate the wheel bearings
Check the lighting system
Inspect and lubricate the cassette
and derailleur
Lubricate the fork crown bearings
Check the saddle
Inspect derailleur function
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
Check gear and brake cables
Check the chainguard and fender
Check the saddle and seatpost
Check the handlebar and stem
We recommend taking your bike to your dealer for annual revision. If you have any questions about how to perform any of these checks, see the manual or talk to your dealer. This maintenance schedule is based on normal use. If you use your bicycle in the rain or snow, or if you ride on paths, more frequent maintenance is required. If any piece is damaged, inspect it and repair it immediately
or talk to your dealer.
60
Never forget that taking care of nature is everybody’s responsibility. If you consider yourself a
nature lover, do not go off paths or trails or ride through prairies or meadows. Always respect
all living beings that cross your path, be they people or animals. Always grant them the right of
way.
The best show of your good manners and sense of civic responsibility is to ensure that the only
evidence of your ride through nature be the wonderful memories you have created.
If we all practice our favorite sport in perfect harmony with others and with nature, we will be
able to do so for many, many years to come.
ADDITIONAL QUALITY GUARANTEE
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
ORBEA RECOMMENDATIONS
Orbea bicycles comply with the following safety standards:
EN 14766 Mountain bicycles
EN 14781 Road racing bibycles
EN 14761 Utility bicycles
Since 1995, Orbea has been awarded
ISO 9001 and IQNET quality assurance
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1TDGCJCUUCVKUƂGFVJG+51
Environmental Standard since March
2004.
61
castellano | english | français | italiano | deutsch
154
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