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Series S960s
UV Ozone Photometer
User Guide
Quick Start Guide
1.
2.
3.
Unpack monitor and check supplied components are
correct
Connect 24 VDC power supply via the cable gland to the
screw connectors on the PCB.
Configure monitor
Using computer:
·
Attach twisted pair cable to RS485 pins on screw
connector
·
Connect twisted pair to RS485 converter connected to computer
·
Load and run Configuration software
·
Turn on monitor
·
Configure monitor setpoints, ID etc.
4.
Connect Outputs
(A) If RS485 see “Operation as RS485 Transmitter”
(B) If 4-20 mA see “Operation as 4-20mA Controller”
(C) If Relay controller see “Operation as Relay Controller”
(D) If the Display is fitted and the 4-20 mA loop is not
being used see “Operating the LED Display if 4-20
mA loop is not being used”
5.
Connect the inlet filter and sample tubing if required
6.
Power on and allow monitor to warm up for 30 to 60
minutes to reach optimum operation.
1
Table of Contents
Quick Start Guide
1. Description
1.1 Components supplied
1.2 Components not supplied but required
2.Operation
2.1 Description of outputs
2.2 Operation as a Relay Controller
2.3 Operation as a 4-20 mA Transmitter
2.4 Operation as a RS485 Transmitter
3. Configuring the Series 960s
3.1 Connecting the R51: RS-485 to RS-232 Converter
3.2 Using a USB to RS485 converter
3.2.1 Installation of Moxa UPort1150
3.3 Procedure for configuration of S960s/965s
4. S960s/965s Specification and Photographs
5. Technical Support
6. Troubleshooting
7. Diagnostics
8. Appendix
8.1 Copyright
8.2 Warranty
8.3 Series 960s/965s RS485 Communication Protocol
Version 1.1
1
3
3
3
4
4
5
5
10
11
11
12
12
12
15
16
17
20
21
21
22
24
20.04.11
Aeroqual Limited
109 Valley Road, Mount Eden, Auckland, New Zealand
phone
+64 9 623 3013
fax
+64 9 623 3012
email [email protected]
web
www.aeroqual.com
1. Description
The Aeroqual Series 960s UV Ozone Photometer is designed to
measure and control ozone concentrations, and to communicate to a
variety of hardware systems. The Series 965s also measures Temperature and Relative Humidity and transmits this on the RS485 output. The monitor contains a pump to provide sample flow. Sample
tubing (6.25mm OD) is attached via the inlet compression fitting. An
ozone scrubber is fitted to the exhaust line inside the unit .
The Series 960s/965s UV Ozone Photometer can operate as:
a)
a relay controller with user controlled setpoints,
b)
a 4-20 mA gas transmitter and
c)
as a RS485 gas transmitter for single and network use.
PC Networking & Data logging Software for connecting the RS485
network of S960s/S965s monitors to a computer is available as an
option. Please contact your distributor if you require this.
Available options
·
4.5 digit LED display.
·
Relay output board
1.1 Components Supplied
Series 960s or 965s base unit (transmitter / controller)
UV Ozone Sensor (installed)
Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor (S965s only)
User guide & Configuration Software CD
1 x external filter with fittings
Please check that all these components have been supplied and contact your dealer or Aeroqual on email at: [email protected] if any
of the components are missing.
1.2 Components not supplied but required
24VDC 2A power supply
RS485/RS232 converter or RS485/USB converter
PC for configuring the monitor.
Multi-strand twisted pair cables for connections
3
2. Operation
2.1 Description of Outputs
DIAG
This output is designed to enable detection of sensor faults. This is
normally floating but is set to GND when the sensor fails. Thus it can
be considered a "switch" which is closed when the sensor fails. This
can be used to activate an alarm or relay and can also be monitored
with a PLC. The output is an open collector current sink. The maximum rating of the transistor output is 24VDC at 150mA.
LoALM
This is set to GND when low alarm is activated. It is floating at other
times. Use the Configuration Program to set the Lo alarm set point.
The output can be used to drive an alarm relay or similar. The alarm
can be set to trigger above or below the set point using the configuration software. The output is an open collector current sink. The maximum rating of the transistor output is 24VDC at 150mA. Should you
connect a relay coil or any other inductive load to the transistor outputs, a back EMF suppression diode must be fitted across the load.
HiALM
This is set to GND when high alarm is activated. It is floating at other
times. Use the Configuration Program to set the Hi alarm set point.
The output can be used to drive an alarm relay or similar. The output
is an open collector current sink. The maximum rating of the transistor
output is 24VDC at 150mA. Should you connect a relay coil or any
other inductive load to the transistor outputs, a back EMF suppression
diode must be fitted across the load.
CNTRL
This is set to GND when the gas concentration is rising in the range
from below Control low set point to the Control high set point at which
stage, it is set to floating. It remains floating until the concentration
falls below the Control low set point at which point, it is reset to
ground. Use the Configuration Program to set the Control set points.
This output can be used to control, for example, a gas generator or
vent in a process operation. The output is an open collector current
sink. The maximum rating of the transistor output is 24VDC at 150mA.
Should you connect a relay coil or any other inductive load to the transistor outputs, a back EMF suppression diode must be fitted across
the load.
STBY
STBY is a hardware toggle switch. If it is briefly pulsed (about 50ms)
to GND it puts the S960s into Standby mode and turns the pump off. If
pulsed again to GND it will return to normal operation. This can be
used to protect the sensor during process room cleaning and/or to
reduce power and extend sensor life when the sensor is not needed.
2.2 Operation as a relay controller
The S960s/S965s can be used as a simple relay controller using the
alarm or control outputs which are open collector current sinks. They
are set to ground when activated according to their setpoints. The
setpoints can be configured by computer using the supplied Configuration program or using a R950 programmer (see Aeroqual for more
information). It is recommended that the DIAG output is always used
to alert a sensor fault condition.
Procedure
1. Connect 24 V DC power supply
2. Connect alert relay/alarm to DIAG output screw connector if required
3. Connect relay ground toggle to STDBY pin on the screw connector if required.
4. Connect control relay to CNTL output on the screw connector if
required.
5. Connect relays to LoALM and/or HiALM alarm outputs on the
screw connector if required
6. Power on and test response.
2.3 Operation as a 4-20 mA transmitter
The Series 960s/965s can be connected to a PLC or current sensing
device via the 4-20 mA output to provide concentration information.
The output is linearly proportional to concentration. The full scale (20
mA) value is factory set but can also be user configured with the Configuration software supplied. If the sensor fails the output will be 20
mA. It is also recommended that the DIAG (diagnostic) output be used
to monitor for fault conditions.
The 4-20 mA output loop is opto-isolated and it is recommended that
it be powered by a separate power supply with a voltage in the range
12-24 V applied with the correct polarity as labelled (see diagram below). This will produce the most reliable connection method. If optoisolation is not important then the 4-20 mA loop may be powered by
the same power supply as the unit.
LED display models are designed to operate in conjunction with the 420mA circuit and the loop needs to be powered correctly for the display to function correctly.
5
Note: HiALM,
LoALM and DIAG
are also Transistor
outputs.
External Relay
EXTERNAL
DEVICE
L N E
100-240VAC
GND
+
POWER SUPPLY (24VDC)
Procedure
1.
Connect the 4-20 mA loop on the screw connector to the power
supply and current measuring device (eg PLC) ensuring the polarity
is correct. Please refer to the diagrams below.
***Caution: if the polarity is incorrect the 4-20 mA output may be
permanently damaged ***
2.
3.
Power on the S960s/965s and PLC
Check the PLC or current sensing device to ensure data is
present.
4-20 mA wiring diagram for Loop and Display (with optoisolation)
4-20mA
+ -
GND
+
POWER SUPPLY
(24VDC)
7
+
PLC or current
meter (remote
display)
-
GND
+
POWER SUPPLY
4-20 mA wiring diagram for Loop and Display (without
opto-isolation)
4-20mA
+ -
GND
+
POWER SUPPLY
(24VDC)
PLC or current
meter (remote
display)
+
Operating the LED Display if 4-20 mA loop is not being
used
LED display models are designed to operate in conjunction with the 420mA circuit. If the 4-20mA output is not being used the display can
still be enabled by connecting two wire loops (see diagram below) on
the screw terminal between:
a) the positive 4-20mA pin to the +12v output pin and
b) the negative 4-20mA pin to GND (ground).
4-20mA
+ -
GND
+
+
POWER SUPPLY
(24VDC)
DISPLAY
*Please note, models purchased with display will have the LED
display pre-wired
9
2.4 Operation as a RS485 Transmitter
The Series 960s/965s unit can communicate over a RS485 bus. Each
monitor has an ID which can be user set via the Configuration software and up to 255 units networked together. Aeroqual supplies a
Configuration program to configure the S960s/S965s over the RS485.
Aeroqual can also supply Networking software to set up a RS485 network of S960s/S965s units linked to a computer.
Connecting via RS485
1.
2.
3.
Connect a 24 vDC power supply to the power input on the PCB
screw connector.
Use twisted pair cable to connect the RS485 lines on the screw
connector to the RS485 hub, bus or converter .
Power up the monitor and run the communication software
on your computer or PLC
Network Settings
If the S960s/S965s is to be used as part of a “daisy chained” RS485
network a number of settings need to be adjusted.
Jumpers
1.
Jumper settings
The termination resistors need to
be set correctly to ensure the network communication is stable. The
jumpers JP1, JP2, JP3 are to install termination resistors on the
RS485 communication lines. Remove the jumpers J1, J2, J3 for all
S960s/965s units in a chain except
the last S960s/965s unit in the network chain. If there is only one unit
then set the jumpers in place.
2.
ID Settings
Monitors on the network require unique IDs so they can be distinguished on the RS485 network. The ID of the unit is factory set as 1
and therefore it will need to be changed. Use the Configuration program to change the IDs (see the section on Configuring the monitor).
3. Configuring the S960s/S965s
The Series 960s/965s alarm and 4-20 mA output scale settings can
be modified using a computer and the supplied S900 Configuration
Program or using a R950 purpose made hand held communica-
tion tool. For further details on the R950 contact your supplier or
Aeroqual Limited ([email protected])
To configure the S960s/S965s by computer you will need an RS232/
RS485 or USB/RS485 converter. There are many RS232/RS485
converters on the market. Only certain brands will function well with
Aeroqual’s products. Aeroqual can supply a converter (R51) suitable for configuring a single monitor (it is not suitable for a S960s
network). Converters which have been tested by Aeroqual can be
purchased from Aeroqual or it’s distributors, or contact Aeroqual for
recommended brands on [email protected]
Computer requirements
CD-ROM Drive
RS232 port
Windows 95 or later.
45 MB spare hard drive space
Additional components required:
- 24V power supply
- RS232/RS485 or
USB/RS485 converter
- RS485 wired S960s/S965s
3.1. Connecting the R51: RS-485 to RS-232 Converter
Connect to
PC serial
COM port or
USB via R52
TD(A) connect to
RS485B
TD(B) connect to
RS485A
RS-485 to RS-232 Converter to Series
960s/965s
TD(A) connect to RS485B
TD(B) connect to RS485A
GND – not required
GND – not required
+12V – not required
11
3.2 Connecting an USB to RS485 converter
Recommended supplier: Moxa,
www.moxa.com
Note: Aeroqual S900 series monitors
communicate via 2 wire RS485 so the
converter must be configured to RS485
2W using software supplied with the converter.
Configure a Moxa UPort 1150 for RS485-2 wire mode as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Install software from the CD provided with Moxa UPort 1150
Attach Moxa UPort 1150 USB device to USB port
Once the drivers have been installed for the device, open up
the device manager (found under control panel/system/
device manager (Windows Vista), OR Control panel/system/
hardware/device manager (Windows XP)
Right-click on the UPort 1150 item and select properties
Expand the “Multi-port serial adapters” item
Click on the "Ports Configuration" tab
Select the appropriate COM port
Click on the button labeled “Port Setting”
Under heading “Interface”, select the “RS-485 2W” entry
from the drop down list
Click OK in this window and in the original window opened
from the Device Manager in step 5
3.3 Procedure for S960s/S965s configuration:
1)
Plug in and install the USB or RS232 to RS485 converter into
your computer.
2) Connect the Series 960s/965s RS485 port leads to the converter
3) Install the Aeroqual Series 960s/965s Configuration Program
on the computer if not already installed.
4) Power up the Series 960s/965s unit.
5) Run the Aeroqual Series 900 Configuration Program.
6) Select Unit by entering the ID of the S960s/965s you wish to
modify (and click on "Download” to download the unit’s current
values).
7) Modify settings
8) Click Upload to upload the settings to the S960s/965s
9) Click Exit
10) Power down the S960s/965s and install.
Port ID
Click on “Port” menu and select “Change port ID” to change ID to your
requirement in the range 1 to 255.
Caution: if you are setting up a network please ensure each unit has a
unique ID otherwise there will be conflicts and data loss.
Alarms
High alarm and low alarm setpoints can be set by clicking on the appropriate window and entering the required activation setpoint. Please
note: High alarm setpoint must be greater than low alarm setpoint.
The low alarm trigger determines whether low alarm is activated by
being above or below the setpoint. Click mouse on the button to select. The Alarms can be enabled or disabled by clicking on the button
alongside Enable or Disable, respectively.
Control
The control output is triggered according to the band set by the Control high and Control low values. Control high must be greater than
Control low. The action of this output is designed to enable control of
an ozone generator. The Control output will be "on" when the concentration is rising in the range from below Control low until it hits Control
high when it turns off. It remains off until the concentration falls below
Control low.
13
4-20 mA output scale
This sets the gas concentration scale that corresponds to 4 -20 mA.
Each sensor head type has a default setting but the user can modify
this by clicking the user define button and entering the required value
that corresponds to 20 mA.
(NOTE: The LED display is calibrated for the default settings only and
will not operate correctly if the default range is altered – if you are in
any way uncertain of this, please seek technical assistance from
Aeroqual.)
Upload
Clicking this button uploads the settings to the S960s/965s.
Download
Clicking this button downloads the settings from the S960s or S965s.
Use this function to check the settings are correct.
4. S960s/S965s Specification and
Photographs
Calibrated Range
Precision
0-200ppm Ozone
<±5% of reading below 0.2ppm
<±0,01ppm below 0.2ppm
0.01ppm
BLDC diaphragm pump
<60s
0.4 ± 0.05 LPM
Kynar, Teflon PFA, quartz, aluminium,
viton
5µm pore size, 37mm PTFE filter
Kynar ¼” compression fittings
Resolution
Sampling method
T90
Sample flow rate
Wetted materials
Inlet filter
Pneumatic connections
Environmental operating conditions
Temperature
0-40°C (32-104°F)
RH
0-95% (non-condensing)
Power Requirements
24VDC, 2A
Display (optional)
4.5 digit LED (red)
Connectors
Screw
Analogue outputs
4-20mA (opto-isolated) 12-24VDC
(30VDC max), maximum loop resis
tance 500Ω at 24V, 16 bit resolution
Digital interface
RS485 (2 wire). See § 8.5 for protocol
Jumpers
J1, J2, J3 termination resistors for
RS485 network
ID
1 (Default)
User configurable from 1-255
Transistor outputs (optional)
4x open collector transistor outputs
(Control, Diagnostics, High Alarm, Low
Alarm)
User configurable set points
Low alarm, High alarm, Control
Inputs
Standby toggle (turns off pump)
Enclosure
ABS Plastic, IP65 (except inlet and
exhaust)
Enclosure size
340 W x 150 H x 100 D (mm)
Mounting
Screw fix
150 mm
340 mm
15
5.0 Technical Support:
If you require technical support in the operation or maintenance of
your Series 960s, please contact Aeroqual:
Aeroqual Limited
109 Valley Road, Mt Eden, Auckland 1024, New Zealand
Phone: +64 9 623 3013
Fax: +64 9 623 3012
Email: [email protected]
6. Troubleshooting
Fault Description
Possible cause
Remedy
No power
Lead connection broken
Reconnect power lead
Power supply failure
Replace
supply
S960s/965s damaged
Replace unit
RS485 communications
unstable
RS485/RS232
faulty
24V
power
adaptor Reconfigure/replace
adaptor
Connections broken
Reconnect leads
ID incorrect
Check ID
Noise on cable
use shielded twisted pair
cable
4-20 mA output failure
30V input exceeded
Replace S960s/965s
Network unstable
ID conflict
Modify IDs so that no
S960s/965s units share
the same ID
Noise on leads
use shielded twisted pair
cable
Jumpers set incorrectly
Set jumpers correctly
S960s/965s units too
close together
The leads between
S960s/965s units should
be a minimum of 30 cm
in length.
Display shows -1
over-range (>20 mA)
reverse loop current
Loop polarity is incorrect.
Reverse this. Incorrect
loop polarity can cause
irreversible damage to
the S960s/S965s. Reduce loop current.
Display shows
over-range loop current
(>20 mA)
Reduce loop current
4-20 mA Loop not powered
Power loop. The display
requires the loop to be
powered to read correctly
1
Display shows -.125
17
Sensor showing high
baseline reading under
zero gas conditions
Sensor showing higher
than expected reading
in the presence of sensor gas
Background gas level Move sensor to clean air
higher than normal
and recheck baseline
Interferent gas present
Move sensor to clean air
and recheck baseline
Sensor damaged
Replace sensor
Flow incorrect
Measure sample flow
and compare with specification.
If
incorrect
check for leaks and/or
replace pump.
Zero calibration incorrect Zero calibrate sensor
Span calibration incor- Span calibrate sensor
rect
Sensor correct
Check calibration of gas
generator.
Interferent gas present
Move sensor to clean air
and check reading upon
exposure to known gas
concentration
Sensor calibration lost
Replace /refurbish sensor
Flow incorrect
Measure sample flow
and compare with specification. If incorrect
check for leaks and/or
replace pump.
Sensor showing lower
than expected reading
in the presence of sensor gas
Span calibration incor- Span calibrate sensor
rect
Sensor correct
Sensor
nated
inlet
Check calibration of gas
generator.
contami- Clean sensor inlet filter
and mesh
Interferent gas present
Move sensor to clean air
and check reading upon
exposure to known gas
concentration
Gas reactive and de- Move the monitor closer
composing before detec- to the source of the gas
tion
Sensor calibration lost
Sensor output noisy
S960s/965s power sup- Install regulated power
ply unregulated
supply
Local air flow too high
Environmental
tions fluctuating
Reduce air flow
condi- Reduce fluctuations
Pump not working correctly
19
Replace/refurbish sensor
Replace pump.
7. Diagnostics
The S960s/965s has inbuilt diagnostics to detect sensor faults. If the
sensor fails it can be easily replaced by simply removing and installing
a new one (see sensor manual for details). The failed sensor can be
sent back to Aeroqual for refurbishment or disposal.
Table of fault condition diagnostics
Fault
description
No fault
DIAG output
4-20 mA output
RS485 output
floating
valid gas reading
Status1 = 0x00
last valid gas reading
Status1=0x01
last valid gas reading
Status1=0x02
no reply
Sensor
fault
failed
GND
valid gas reading
20 mA
Sensor
fault
aging
GND
20 mA
Sensor
not
fitted correctly
GND
Oscillates between 4 and 20
mA
8. Appendix
8.1 Copyright
Copyright Aeroqual Limited. All rights reserved. Reproduction, transfer, distribution or storage of part or all of the contents of this document in any form
without the prior written permission of Aeroqual Limited is prohibited.
“Aeroqual” and “Aeroqual Limited – Making the Invisible Visible” are registered
trademarks of Aeroqual Limited. Other product and company names mentioned herein may also be trademarks or trade names.
Aeroqual operates a policy of continuous development. Aeroqual reserves the
right to make changes and improvements to any of the products described in
this document without prior notice.
Under no circumstances shall Aeroqual be responsible for any loss of data or
income or any special, incidental, consequential or indirect damages howsoever caused.
The contents of this document are provided "as is". Except as required by applicable law, no warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including, but
not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are made in relation to the accuracy, reliability or contents of
this document.
Aeroqual reserves the right to revise this document or withdraw it at any time
without prior notice. The availability of particular products may vary by region.
Please check with the Aeroqual dealer nearest to you.
© Aeroqual Limited 2011. All rights reserved.
21
8.2 Warranty
Aeroqual warrants this product to be free from defects in material and workmanship at the time of its original purchase by a
consumer, and for a subsequent period as stated in the following table:
Products
Warranty Period
Series 960s/965s UV Ozone Photometer
One year from the date of purchase
UV Lamp
Six months from the date of purchase
Other Accessories
One year from the date of purchase
This warranty is expressly limited to the original owner who
purchases the equipment directly from Aeroqual or from an
authorized Aeroqual dealer.
What we will do
If, during the warranty period, this product fails to operate under normal use and service, due to improper materials or workmanship, Aeroqual subsidiaries, authorized distributors or authorized service partners will, at their option, either repair or
replace the product in accordance with the terms and conditions stipulated herein.
Conditions
The warranty is valid only if the original receipt issued to the original purchaser by
the dealer, specifying the date of purchase, is presented with the product to be
repaired or replaced. Aeroqual reserves the right to refuse warranty service if this
information has been removed or changed after the original purchase of the product from the dealer.
If Aeroqual repairs or replaces the product, the repaired or replaced product shall
be warranted for the remaining time of the original warranty period or for ninety
(90) days from the date of repair, whichever is longer. Repair or replacement may
be via functionally equivalent reconditioned units. Replaced faulty parts or components will become the property of Aeroqual.
This warranty does not cover any failure of the product due to normal wear and
tear, damage, misuse, including but not limited to use in any other than the normal
and customary manner, in accordance with Aeroqual’s user guide for use, faulty
installation, calibration and maintenance of the product, accident, modification or
adjustment, events beyond human control, improper ventilation and damage resulting from liquid or corrosion.
This warranty does not cover product failures due to repairs, modifications or improper service performed by a non-Aeroqual authorized service workshop or opening of the product by non-Aeroqual authorized persons.
The warranty does not cover product failures which have been caused by use of
non-Aeroqual original accessories.
Tampering with any part of the product will void the warranty.
Damage to the sensors can occur through exposure to certain sensor poisons
such as silicones, tetraethyl lead, paints and adhesives. Use of Aeroqual sensors
in these environments containing these materials may (at the discretion of Aeroqual) void the warranty on the sensor head. Exposure to gas concentrations outside of the design range of a specific Aeroqual sensor head can adversely affect
the calibration of that sensor head and will also void this warranty as it applies to
the replacement of sensor heads.
Aeroqual makes no other express warranties, whether written or oral, other than
contained within this printed limited warranty. To the fullest extent allowable by law
all warranties implied by law, including without limitation the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are expressly excluded, and in
no event shall Aeroqual be liable for incidental or consequential damages of any
nature whatsoever, however they arise, from the purchase or use of the product,
and including but not limited to lost profits or business loss.
Some countries restrict or do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damage, or limitation of the duration of implied warranties, so the
preceding limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you
specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights, which may vary from
country to country.
23
8.3 Series 960s and 965s RS485 Protocol
Protocol Version 1.5 Date: 01-02-2005
The network communication is in master-slave mode, which means that a PC
or other device will be the network master. All information is requested by the
network master. Otherwise no information is sent out by the S960s/S965s
network units.
Section 1. General description of the communication commands (for
command details and data representations please refer section 4):
01.
Information request command to S960s/S965s. The basic format is a 5
bytes data stream:
BASE, COMMAND, NETWORK_ID, OTHERS, CHECKSUM
* BASE - information request data stream header
* COMMAND - 1 byte network unit action command
* NETWORK_ID - 1 byte S960s/S965s network ID.
* OTHERS - may used to extend functions later, it can be left as empty for now
* CHECKSUM - makes the data stream total sum byte value to zero.
02.
S960s/S965s unit basic reply command format will be a 15 bytes
stream (see Section 2 for details):
SENSOR, COMMAND, NETWORK_ID, DATA1(4 bytes), DATA2(4 bytes),
RESERVED, STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
Section 2. S960s/S965s Network ID specified commands. These commands generate a response by a specified S960/S965 unit. Every command needs a corresponding reply.
01.
Gas Data request command. The command asks for the gas data
that a specific S960s/S965s unit currently holds. The S960s/S965s
unit responds with an gas value. The gas data validity depends on
the DATA_UNVALID bit of STATUS1 flag (please see Section 4 for
details).
Command: BASE, GAS_CONC_DATA, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, GAS_CONC_DATA, NETWORK_ID, DATA1, TEMP, RH,
RESERVED, STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
* DATA1 - 4 bytes IEEE754 floating point data, measured gas value, if
DATA_UNVALID bit of STATUS1 flag is 1 then it will be last byte measured
value, otherwise it's new measured value.
* TEMP - 2 bytes int value, its actual value equals the int value divided by 10
(TEMP/10)
for its real temperature value of S965s unit
* RH - 2 bytes int value, its actual value equals the int value divided by 10
(RH/10) for its real relative humidity value of S965s unit
* for S960s the field TEMP and RH will be always zero for firmware version 1.5
and later.
* However, for S965s firmware version 1.4 and earlier can't use this command
to request temperature and humidity.
02.
Standby command. The S960s/S965s unit will set its sensor head to
standby state. The S960s/S965s will set STANDBY bit of STATUS2 to 1 indicating it is in standby mode. When the standby state has been terminated, it
will reset STANDBY bit of STATUS2 to 0.
Command: BASE, STANDBY, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, STANDBY, NETWORK_ID, DATA1, DATA2, RESERVED,
STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
* DATA1 and DATA2 - no meanings.
The reply just confirms that it performed action, to find it check status bit.
03.
Specific S960s/S965s reset command. The command will reset the
S960s/S965s at any time.
Command: BASE, RESET, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, RESET, NETWORK_ID, DATA1, DATA2, RESERVED,
STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
* DATA1 and DATA2 - no meanings.
* RESET - 1 byte reset command, see section 4 for details.
04.
Specific S960s/S965s unit connected sensor head version number
request command and reply. PC or other devices can request sensor head
version information through S960s/S965s unit.
Command: BASE, SENSOR_VERSION, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, SENSOR_VERSION, NETWORK_ID, VERSION_NUM,
DISPLAY_TYPE, NAME_LENGTH, SENSOR_NAME, RESERVED, CHECKSUM
* VERSION_NUM - 1 byte, the version number of sensor head plugged in the
S940s/S945s unit. Real version number is the value divided by 10.
* DISPLAY_TYPE - 1 byte, the decimal value display type, different gas sensor
head are different, see sensor head specifications for details
* NAME_LENGTH - 1 byte, the sensor head name length.
* SENSOR_NAME - 7 bytes max, valid length depends on NAME_LENGTH
value, the sensor head name ASCII code that connected to S960s/S965s unit,
05.
rent
Modify S960s/S965s unit network ID command, that can change curS960s/S965s unit network ID.
Command: BASE, CHANGE_NETWORK_ID, OLD_ID, NEW_ID, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, CHANGE_NETWORK_ID, NEW_ID, DATA1, DATA2, RESERVED, STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
25
* CHANGE_NETWORK_ID - 1 byte command, see section 4 for details.
* OLD_ID - the S960s/S965s unit old network ID, 1 byte
* NEW_ID - the S960s/S965s unit new network ID, 1 byte
06.
Specific S960s/S965s connected sensor gas unit ppm to mg/m3 convert factor
and analogue current max output scale factor value request
command.
Command:
CHECKSUM
BASE, FACTOR_REQUEST, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY,
Reply: SENSOR, FACTOR_REQUEST, NETWORK_ID, DATA1, DATA2,
RESERVED, STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
* DATA1 - 4 bytes, gas unit ppm to mg/m3 convert factor floating point value
* DATA2 - 4 bytes, default S960s/S965s 4-20mA current output max scale
factor floating point value. See sensor head spec for details.
07.
Specified S960s/S965s unit configure settings upload command, which
set the S960s/S965s unit alarm 1, alarm 2, defined output scale and alarm
enable settings. Total 25 bytes data stream.
Command:
BASE, PARAMETERS_UPLOAD, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY,
CHECKSUM
Parameters: BASE, PARAMETERS_UPLOAD, NETWORK_ID, ALARM1,
ALARM2, DEFINED_SCALE, CONTROL_HIGH, CONTROL_LOW,
ALARM_STATUS, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, PARAMETERS_UPLOAD, DATA1, DATA2, RESERVED,
STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
*ALARM1 - 4 bytes alarm level 1 set point value, see section 4 for its data
representation
*ALARM2 - 4 bytes alarm level 2 set point value, see section 4 for its data
representation
*DEFINED_SCALE - 4 bytes user defined max output scale value.
*CONTROL_HIGH - 4 bytes control high set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
*CONTROL_LOW - 4 bytes control low set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
*ALARM_STATUS - 1 byte alarm state settings, see section 4 for details
*Reply just used for confirm uploading successfully
08.
Specific S960s/S965s unit configure settings download command, total
25 bytes
stream.
Command: BASE, PARAMETERS_DOWNLOAD, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY,
CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, PARAMETERS_DOWNLOAD, NETWORK_ID, ALARM1,
ALARM2,
DEFINED_SCALE,
CONTROL_HIGH,
CONTROL_LOW,
ALARM_STATUS, CHECKSUM
*ALARM1 - 4 bytes alarm 1 set point value, see section 4 for its data representation
*ALARM2 - 4 bytes alarm 2 set point value, see section 4 for its data representation
*DEFINED_SCALE - 4 bytes user defined max output current output value
*CONTROL_HIGH - 4 bytes control high set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
*CONTROL_LOW - 4 bytes control low set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
* ALARM_STATUS - 1 byte alarm state settings, see section 4 for details
09.
Specific S960s/S965s base unit version number request command and
reply. PC or other devices can request the base unit version information.
Command:
BASE, BASE_VERSION, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply:
SENSOR, BASE_VERSION, NETWORK_ID, VERSION_NUM,
SENSOR_COUNT, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED,
RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, CHECKSUM
* VERSION_NUM - 1 byte, the version number of the S960s/S965s unit
* SENSOR_COUNT - 1 byte, actually used to specify its S960s or S965s,
if it's 0x01, that is S960s no temperature and humidity sensor connected,
if it's 0x03, that is S965s there is a temperature and humidity sensor
connected.
10.
Temperature and relative humidity data request command (S965s
only). The command
asks for the temperature and humidity
data that a specific S965s unit currently holds. The S965s unit responds with two values respectively.
Command: BASE, TEMP_RH_DATA, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, TEMP_RH_DATA, NETWORK_ID, TEMP, RH, RESERVED,
STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
* TEMP - 4 bytes IEEE754 floating point data, measured temperature value of
S965s unit,
* RH - 4 bytes IEEE754 floating point data, measured relative humidity value
of S965s unit
* for S960s the command will be no reply at all.
Section 3. Broadcast commands are a set of special commands of the
network system. Every unit that receives the commands on the network
performs the action. They are not ID specific, BROADCAST command
indicator can be considered as NETWORK_ID. These commands send
out by network master and that don't need reply at all.
27
* BROADCAST is a 1 byte special S960s/S965s ID that is zero *
01.
Broadcast S960s/S965s standing by command, this command will set
all sensor head that connected to the network go to stand by state. The command generates no reply. To check whether a 960s/965s unit has performed
the command, the network master should check STATUS2's STAND_BY bit.
BASE, STANDBY, BROADCAST, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
BROADCAST - 1 byte broad cast indicator, see section 4 for its value
02.
Broadcast S960s/S965s reset command; it will reset whole network
sensor heads that connected to. The command generates no reply. To check
whether a 960s/965s unit has performed the command, the network
master should check STATUS2's STAND_BY bit.
BASE, RESET, BROADCAST, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
* BROADCAST - 1 byte broad cast indicator, see section 4 for its value
Section 4. Protocol commands value and descriptions:
BASE = 0x55 command header used for network master to S960s/S965s
SENSOR
= 0xAA reply header used for S960s/S965s to network master
STANDBY
= 0xFD command used to set sensor head standing by mode
RESET= 0x07 command to reset sensor head to normal working state
GAS_CONC_DATA
= 0x10 command to request/report measured gas concentration value
TEMP_RH_DATA = 0x20
command to request temperature and humidity
values
BASE_VERSION = 0xF9 command to request/report S960s/S965s base unit
version number
SENSOR_VERSION = 0xFB command to request/report sensor head version
number
FACTOR_REQUEST =0x2A command to request/report sensor head concentration
ppm to mg/m3 conversion factor and max current output scale factor
BROADCAST= 0x00
broadcast command indicator, like a special S960s/
S965s ID
reserved for information broadcast
PARAMETERS_UPLOAD = 0x19 command to upload configure settings to
S960s/S965s
PARAMETERS_DOWNLOAD = 0x18 command to download configure settings from S960s/S965s
EMPTY
= 0x00 no meanings at all, reserved space
RESERVED can be any value, no meanings at all
CHECKSUM data stream check sum used to verify the command data stream
information lost or noise. It makes the data stream total byte sum to zero.
NETWORK_ID range: 0x00 -- 0xFF,
0x00 is reserved for broadcast command.
0x01 will be the default ID when S960s/S965s been programmed.
STATUS1
normal,
(1 Byte)
SensorStatus0 b0 \
SensorStatus1 b1 /
b1=0, b0=0, sensor is
b1=0, b0=1, sensor failure no gas re-
porting
b1=1, b0=0, means sensor aging, (for
low Ozone sensor only)
FAN_STATUS
b2
UNIT_UNSTABLE_FLAG
reserved
b3 = 1
sensor head is at setting up stage not
stable yet
reserved
reserved
b6 = 1 sensor head is doing reset
b7 = 1
the data is not valid data, maybe last
reported reading
RESERVED
RESERVED
SensorResetFlag
DATA_UNVALID
b4
b5
STATUS2 (1 byte)
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
STANDBY
sensor head in normal
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
not used now, reserved for further developing
reserved
reserved
reserved
reserved
b4 = 1, sensor head in stand by mode b4 = 0,
working mode
b5
reserved
b6
reserved
b7
reserved
b0
b1
b2
b3
ALARM_STATUS (1 byte)
used for alarm status setting
Alarm_Enable
b0 = 0, S960s/S965s alarm enabled, b0 = 1, S960/
S965s alarm disabled
Alarm2_Triger
b1 = 0, S960s/S965s alarm 2 triggered when reading
exceed alarm 2
b1 = 1, S960s/S965s alarm 2 rigged when reading
below alarm 2
Define_Ouput_Scale
b2 = 0, use sensor head default current output
value
b2 = 1, user defined current output value
RESERVED
b3 reserved
RESERVED
b4 reserved
RESERVED
b5 reserved
RESERVED
b6 reserved
RESERVED
b7 reserved
The following data values use IEEE754 32 bits floating point little endian representation.
These data are: DATA1, DATA2, ALARM1, ALARM2, DEFINED_SCALE,
CONTROL_HIGH, CONTROL_LOW etc.
Section 5. Data transfer mechanism
29
Floating point data (4 bytes) send sequence is low byte first, high byte last,
such as section 4's data DATA1, ALARM1, ALARM2 etc.
2. Broadcast command - when network master broadcast a command to
RS485 bus, every unit connected to the bus has to perform the action immediately without reply. Whether the command has been performed or not can be
tested using a specific sensor
command to poll an individual unit. If some sensor heads do not perform the
action the network master needs to rebroadcast the command again.
3. Specific unit sensor measured gas concentration request. Once a sensor
head measures a new concentration it will set STATUS1 b7 to zero indicating
the value is valid. However, when the new data has been sent out the
STATUS1 b7 DATA_UNVALID bit will set to 1 indicating the data not valid.
4. Timing issue (VERY IMPORTANT): The master request command frequency can't be less than 1 second per command, otherwise, the network will
be unstable.
Section 6. RS485 communication port settings:
Baud rate:
4800
Data bits:
8
Stop bits:
1
Parity:
none
Flow control: none
* OLD_ID - the S960s/S965s unit old network ID, 1 byte
* NEW_ID - the S960s/S965s unit new network ID, 1 byte
06.
Specific S960s/S965s connected sensor gas unit ppm to mg/m3 convert factor
and analogue current max output scale factor value request
command.
Command:
CHECKSUM
BASE, FACTOR_REQUEST, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY,
Reply: SENSOR, FACTOR_REQUEST, NETWORK_ID, DATA1, DATA2,
RESERVED, STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
* DATA1 - 4 bytes, gas unit ppm to mg/m3 convert factor floating point value
* DATA2 - 4 bytes, default S960s/S965s 4-20mA current output max scale
factor floating point value. See sensor head spec for details.
07.
Specified S960s/S965s unit configure settings upload command, which
set the S960s/S965s unit alarm 1, alarm 2, defined output scale and alarm
enable settings. Total 25 bytes data stream.
Command:
BASE, PARAMETERS_UPLOAD, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY,
CHECKSUM
Parameters: BASE, PARAMETERS_UPLOAD, NETWORK_ID, ALARM1,
ALARM2, DEFINED_SCALE, CONTROL_HIGH, CONTROL_LOW,
ALARM_STATUS, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, PARAMETERS_UPLOAD, DATA1, DATA2, RESERVED,
STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
*ALARM1 - 4 bytes alarm level 1 set point value, see section 4 for its data
representation
*ALARM2 - 4 bytes alarm level 2 set point value, see section 4 for its data
representation *DEFINED_SCALE - 4 bytes user defined max output scale
value.
*CONTROL_HIGH - 4 bytes control high set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
*CONTROL_LOW - 4 bytes control low set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
*ALARM_STATUS - 1 byte alarm state settings, see section 4 for details
*Reply just used for confirm uploading successfully
08.
Specific S960s/S965s unit configure settings download command, total
25 bytes
stream.
Command: BASE, PARAMETERS_DOWNLOAD, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY,
CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, PARAMETERS_DOWNLOAD, NETWORK_ID, ALARM1,
ALARM2,
DEFINED_SCALE,
CONTROL_HIGH,
CONTROL_LOW,
ALARM_STATUS, CHECKSUM
*ALARM1 - 4 bytes alarm 1 set point value, see section 4 for its data representation
*ALARM2 - 4 bytes alarm 2 set point value, see section 4 for its data representation
*DEFINED_SCALE - 4 bytes user defined max output current output value
*CONTROL_HIGH - 4 bytes control high set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
*CONTROL_LOW - 4 bytes control low set point value see section 4 for its
data representation
* ALARM_STATUS - 1 byte alarm state settings, see section 4 for details
09.
Specific S960s/S965s base unit version number request command and
reply. PC or other devices can request the base unit version information.
Command:
BASE, BASE_VERSION, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply:
SENSOR, BASE_VERSION, NETWORK_ID, VERSION_NUM,
SENSOR_COUNT, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED,
RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, RESERVED, CHECKSUM
* VERSION_NUM - 1 byte, the version number of the S960s/S965s unit
* SENSOR_COUNT - 1 byte, actually used to specify its S960s or S965s,
if it's 0x01, that is S960s no temperature and humidity sensor con-
31
nected,
if it's 0x03, that is S965s there is a temperature and humidity sensor
connected.
10.
Temperature and relative humidity data request command (S965s
only). The command asks for the temperature and humidity data
that a specific S965s unit currently holds. The S965s unit responds with two values respectively.
Command: BASE, TEMP_RH_DATA, NETWORK_ID, EMPTY, CHECKSUM
Reply: SENSOR, TEMP_RH_DATA, NETWORK_ID, TEMP, RH, RESERVED,
STATUS1, STATUS2, CHECKSUM
* TEMP - 4 bytes IEEE754 floating point data, measured temperature value of
S965s unit,
* RH - 4 bytes IEEE754 floating point data, measured relative humidity value
of S965s unit
* for S960s the command will be no reply at all.
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