Jobsite Safety Manual
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Jobsite Edition
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DESCRIPTION
Mission Statement
Safety Policy
Delegation of Responsibilities
Competent person
Safety Rules
Job Injury Procedure Policy
Rule Enforcement
Site Check List
OSHA Jobsite Checklist
Fire Protection and Prevention
Fire Safety Check List
OSHA Fire Extinguisher Requirements
HazCom
House Keeping
First Aid
Signs, Signals and Barricades
Hand and Power Tool Safety
Welding
Electrical
Lockout/Tagout
Scaffold
Stairways & Ladders
Fall Protection
Steel Erection
Concrete Construction
Cranes & Crane Operation
Excavation & Trenching Procedures
Confined Space Entry
Traffic Control
Public Protection
Motor Vehicle Safety
Drug & Alcohol Policy
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Tab 5
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Hendrick Construction, Inc.
9144 ArrowPoint Blvd. ♦ Suite 150 ♦ Charlotte, NC 28273
(p)704.887.0280 ♦ (f) 704.887.0281
Company Safety Mission
HENDRICK CONSTRUCTION, INC. is dedicated to providing a safe work environment for
all employees. We consider safety to be an intricate part of our company and proactively seek to
maintain an ongoing safety program. The safety and well-being of all employees is our first
priority throughout all phases of work.
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Company Safety Policy
Safety for, HENDRICK CONSTRUCTION, INC. is not just a corporate goal, it is a requirement!
We strongly adhere to the principle that accident prevention is just as important to this
organization as quality and production. We insist on safe methods and practices at all times. At no
time will we sacrifice safety. To this end, we have formulated a written policy to govern all
operations.
In addition, we will:
1. Adhere to all federal, state and local laws and regulations pertaining to safety and health in the
construction industry.
2. Conduct all operations with good sense and safe practices, adapt with the varied conditions, locations
and circumstances of our jobs.
3. Exercise good judgment in applying this policy.
4. As a condition of employment, all employees must adhere to company safety policies and rules.
All visitors to any HENDRICK CONSTRUCTION, INC. operation including, but not limited to
suppliers, owner representatives, agents of the architect or engineer, regulatory authorities and insurance
company representatives shall be required to follow all safety rules and regulations in effect during their
visit.
Furthermore, all subcontractors and service contracts will adopt the requirements of our safety policy,
rules and procedures.
Employees and subcontractors have management’s full empowerment to carry out the provisions of our
safety policy, and are expected to do so.
Roger Hendrick
President
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DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES
To ensure that the company’s safety policy is carried out, the following assignments of responsibility are
made. Please note that these individuals have the full support of management to perform their
duties.
Management:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Establish rules and programs designed to promote safety and make them known to all employees.
Make available the necessary training for employees to perform their jobs safely.
Provide protective equipment as applicable.
Record all instances of violations and abate violations if found.
Document improvements and assertive prevention measures.
Discipline any employee who willfully disregards these safety rules.
Reward conscientious employees that place safety as a precedence.
Safety Representative:
1. Responsible for overall company safety and health performance.
2. Make available safety materials for safety meetings, posters as required by Federal, State and Local
agencies and first aid equipment.
3. Make available safety training for any level of management and workers, including competent person
training
4. Conduct safety inspections of all job sites, maintain records and continually monitor all aspects of the
safety program for effectiveness.
5. Review and investigate all accidents with the appropriate personnel and take appropriate measures to
prevent further occurrences.
6. Monitor safety activities of other contractors regarding overall safety performance of the project.
7. Be present, if possible, for all safety and health inspections, surveys and consultations performed by
State and local authorities.
Field Personnel:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Carry out safety program for all field operations
Work safely to ensure your own safety as well as that of coworkers.
Be aware of all safety requirements and safe working practices.
Plan work activities with safety in mind.
Make sure that protective equipment is available and that employees know how to use it properly.
Use and maintain all safety equipment provided.
Promptly report all injuries and accidents.
All Personnel:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Be aware of all safety requirements and safe working practices.
Report to work physically and mentally prepared to safely carry out assigned duties.
Plan work activities with adherence to safe working practices in mind.
Instruct new employees and existing employees performing new tasks in safe working practices and
provide continuing instruction on safety requirements.
Install and maintain devices to protect the public from company operations.
Secure prompt medical attention for any injured employee.
Report all injuries and safety violations.
Ensure all violations are corrected.
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Subcontractors/Suppliers:
1. Abide by all of the safety rules and procedures of Hendrick Construction, Inc. safety program.
2. Check in with job site supervisor before entering job site.
3. Notify other contractors when actions or activities undertaken could affect the health or safety of
others.
4. Inform Hendrick Construction, Inc., of all injuries to workers.
5. Report to Hendrick Construction, Inc., of any unsafe conditions that come to their attention.
6. Supply Hendrick Construction, Inc., with certificates of insurance prior to mobilizing job.
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Competent Person: (you may have several competent persons on the job site. One may be
designated for one task and another for a different task)
1. Must provide frequent and regular inspections of jobsites, materials and equipment. 29 CFR 1926.20
(b)(2)
2. Various activities involving radioactive materials or x-rays require a competent person. 29 CFR 1926.
53
3. A lead compliance program must provide for frequent and regular inspections of jobsites, materials,
and equipment by a competent person. 29 CFR 1926.62
4. Ear protective devices must be fitted and determined individually by a competent person. 29 CFR
1926.101
5. Shall provide training on safe respirator use. 29 CFR 1926.103
6. Shall inspect rigging equipment before use for damage or defects. 29 CFR 1926.251
7. Shall test preservative coatings whose flammability is not known before welding, cutting, or heating.
29 CFR 1926.354
8. Shall implement assured equipment grounding programs. 29 CFR 1926.404
9. Shall direct the erection, installation, movement, and dismantling of scaffolds. 29 CFR 1926.451
10. Shall monitor the implementation of the fall protection plan. 29 CFR 1926.502
11. Shall train employees on fall protection. 29 CFR 1926.503
12. Shall conduct daily inspections on cranes and derricks before use and also as required in the standard.
29 CFR 1926.550
13. Shall inspect and test material hoists, personnel hoists, and elevators before they are put into use and
periodically thereafter. 29 CFR 1926.552
14. Shall conduct daily and for cause inspections on excavations more than 5 feet in depth for cave in
potential and also as required by the standard. 29 CFR 1926.652
15. Shall attend to manual leveling controls while slab lifting is in progress. 29 CFR 1926. 705
16. Shall supervise removal of plumbing-up guys in steel erection and also as required by the standard.
29 CFR 1926.752
17. In underground construction, a competent person shall attend to various air monitoring, ventilation,
and inspection requirements. 29 CFR 1926.800
18. In underground construction, a competent person shall be responsible for compliance with
compressed air requirements. 29 CFR 1926.803
19. In demolition, a competent person must survey they structure before demolition begins to determine
the possibility of unplanned collapse. 29 CFR 1926.850
20. In demolition, a competent person shall make continuing inspections as the work progresses. 29 CFR
1926.859
21. In blasting, a competent person shall direct and supervise the loading and firing. 29 CFR 1926. 900
22. Shall periodically inspect ladders for defects. 29 CFR 1926.1053
23. Shall train employees on ladder safety. 29 CFR 1926
24. In asbestos work, a competent person shall variously supervise the work, make assessments and
inspections, and train workers. 29 CFR 1926.1101
25. A competent person is generally responsible for compliance when the cadmium standard applies. 29
CFR 1926.1127
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SAFETY RULES
Safety rules have been developed to establish guidelines for safe working practices. Safety rules are to be
obeyed by all employees without prejudice to position within the company. All employees are
responsible for administering and enforcing the safety policy set forth in this manual.
Procedures for Reporting Hazardous Conditions
It is the responsibility of every employee to be aware of and make every reasonable effort to keep unsafe
practices from developing. When an unsafe condition exists and can not be immediately corrected, it
should be reported to a supervisor or manager who can see that the situation is remedied.
Potentially hazardous conditions should be reviewed in advance in attempt to “engineer” the hazard out.
A safety conscious employee that mentions a possible upcoming risk in a meeting of his peers (ie. toolbox
talks, progress meetings, etc.) develops safety awareness among others. Record any reported problems,
whether potential or existing, in the section: “Additional Safety Issues” of the Safety Meeting Minutes.
Include actions or protective measures taken to lessen or resolve the hazard. This record is to be
forwarded to the office for continuing review and documentation for company improvement.
Jobsite Safety Checklist is an additional procedure put in place for reporting hazardous conditions.
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RULE ENFORCEMENT
Disciplinary Actions for Failure to Comply with Safety Rules and Company
Policy
There are certain standards of behavior and conduct that must be maintained to ensure a safe work
environment. Any employee who engages in improper conduct will be subject to disciplinary actions up
to and including discharge. Disregarding rules and repeated violations, regardless of intention, may be
grounds for discharge. The following rules and disciplinary actions are not intended to be all-inclusive;
the company reserves the right to discipline employees and subcontractors for engaging in other
misconduct not addressed by the following rules:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Horseplay practical jokes
Attire that does not include shirt with sleeves, long pants, boots with good sole
Non-compliance of hard hat utilization
Cat-calling, continued interaction with client or client’s employees
Non-compliance with specific conditions of job
Non-compliance of housekeeping issues
Work practice that endangers oneself or others
Disciplinary Actions:
Employees
FIRST OFFENSE:
Documented corrective interview.
Subcontractor
FIRST OFFENSE:
Safety Violation Notice to subemployee, notify PM.
SECOND OFFENSE:
Written warning, remainder of day
suspension.
SECOND OFFENSE:
Contact app. PM, advise removal
from job for day.
THIRD OFFENSE:
Three days suspension without pay.
THIRD OFFENSE:
PM contacted, sub-employee replaced.
FOURTH OFFENSE:
Final written warning and
discharge.
It is not necessary that the violations be of the same rule. Violations of three different rules may result in
discharge, just as three violations of the same rule also may result in discharge. Major violations may
result in immediate discharge.
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Important Notice!!!
TO:
Subcontractor’s Company Name
_____
Your employee,
, was
Subcontractor’s employee name
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Description of unsafe act observed
on______________________ at_________________________________________________
Date unsafe act observed
Job site location
This action is contrary to the contract agreement that you and your employees will work in a safe
manner and in compliance with OSHA at all times.
As the general contractor on this site, we cannot be responsible for the safe actions of your
employees at all times on this job. We expect you to train and supervise your own employees as to
the work they do and insure it is done in a safe manner.
Your immediate attention to this will be greatly appreciated.
Sincerely,
Roger Hendrick
Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Please note: Any unsafe conditions caused by you or your employees that we chose to correct will be
billed to your company at a minimum of $200/hour plus the cost of materials. Any OSHA citations
issued to us as a consequence of unsafe acts by you or your employees will be considered
“subcontractor misconduct” and any fines levied against us because of your unsafe acts will be
deducted from future payments to you. We expect your employees to receive adequate safety training
from you and we do not assume any responsibility/liability for their unsafe acts, whether observed or
not observed by us or our employees.
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JOB SITE SAFETY CHECKLIST
The purpose of this checklist is to assist the Construction Supervisor in identifying the most common
conditions that are hazardous. It is not designed to identify every possible condition that could be a
potential hazard.
The attached checklist is intended for Superintendents to use for compliance issues. You may use this
form if you wish or you can note these issues in your Daily Construction Report Forms “located on
Sharepoint” as your “Daily Log” and fax it into the office daily.
The Four Most Common Causes of Construction Fatalities are:
Falls (6 feet or more)
Electrocution (overhead lines and cranes as well as underground lines)
Struck-by (mobile equipment/vehicles more than objects falling from above)
Crushed-by (trenching cave-ins)
Please pay particular attention to these areas when walking around the site. These are the safety hazards
that are killing construction workers each year.
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Job Site Safety Checklist
Job Location:
Job#
Supervisor:
Date:
Inspector:
______
______________________________
General:
Y
N
Y
N
Y
N
a) Hard Hats
b) Proper footwear
d) Ear Protection
e) Eye Protection
f) Potable water
g) Unusual exposures identified and controlled
Additional for this inspection:
Housekeeping:
a) General neat appearance of all work areas
b) Passageways and walkways clear
c) No projecting nails and screws
d) Regular site cleanup and trash disposal
e) Materials stored/stacked in orderly and safe manner
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
Fire Prevention:
a) Proper number of Fire Extinguishers provide and charged
b)”No Smoking” posted and enforced (no cigarette butts in posted areas)
c) Combustibles >10’ from building
d) Approved safety cans for gasoline
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
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Fall Protection:
Y
N
Y
N
Y
N
Y
N
a) Floor openings
b) Guardrails in place/replaced after each load received
c) Safety harnesses provided and used
d) Double-locking snap hooks on all Personal Fall Protection
e) Floor holes protected/secured/marked
f) Wall openings guarded
Employees/Subcontractors/Additional:
Scaffolding:
a) Properly erected and supervised by competent person
b) Scaffolding tied to structure
c) Scaffolding plumb, with cross bracing in place
d) Fully planked with toe boards in place
e) Base plates used ( no cinder blocks)
f) Ladder access provided
g) Employees tied-off while working on elevated motorized scaffolding
h) No riding on rolling scaffolding
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
Electrical:
a) Terminal boxes equipped with required covers
b) GFCI’s in place
c) All extension cords are 3-wire with ground pin in place and in good condition
d) All electric tools and machinery have ground pin in place on power cable
e) Exposed light bulbs equipped with protective cage
f) Competent person if assured equipment grounding program used in lieu of GFCI
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
Stairways and Ladders:
a) Inspected and in good condition
b) Properly secured
c) Ladder extends 36” above top of landing
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d) Ladder available for access to scaffolding
e) Guardrails provided for stairway landings
f) Handrails provided for stairways with four or more risers
g) Competent person periodically inspect ladders
h) Competent person conduct ladder safety training
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
Excavations:
Y
N
Y
N
Y
N
a) Shoring adequate for soil and depth
b) Support system in place for adjacent structures
c) Spoil bank and equipment sufficient distance from excavation
d) Ladders provided
e) Competent person on site
f) Underground utilities located prior to excavation
g) Air samples taken prior to entry in underground tunnels/openings
Employees/Subcontractors/Additional:
Concrete and Masonry:
a) Proper scaffolding
b) Safe hoisting equipment
c) Masonry walls over 8 ft. braced
d) Limited Access Zone established
e) Fall protection used
f) Guard rails on all open floors
g) All protruded rebar guarded
h) Hard hats and safety shoes
Employees/Subcontractors/Additional:
Hoists, Cranes and Derricks:
a) Inspections of cables, slings, chains, hooks, eyes by Competent Person
b) Inspection logs maintained
c) Power lines deactivated, removed, protected or safe distance
d) Swing radius protected (360 degrees)
e) Load capacity chart on machine
f) Proper hand signals used
Employees/Subcontractors/Additional:
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Welding and Cutting:
Y
N
Y
N
a) Personnel qualified
b) Screens, shields, goggles, gloves
c) Gas cylinder secured in upright position
d) Fire Extinguisher
e) Electrical equipment grounded
f) Valve protection caps in place when gas not in use
g) Fire watch provided 30 min. subsequent to welding near flammable/combustibles
Employees/Subcontractors/Additional:
Highway/Work Zone:
a) Competent Flagmen reflective garments, instructed, posted
b) Adequate warning signs and markers
c) Traffic control through construction area
d) Dust control
e) Work Zone of Heavy Equipment protected from pedestrians and other traffic
f) Equipment inspected daily
g) Back up alarms and horns operational
h) Proper lighting
Employees/Subcontractors/Additional:
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Power Tool/Equipment Checklist
Tools, Hand and Power:
a) GFCI or grounded
b) All guards in place
c) Tools and cords in good condition
d) Inspected and maintained
Y
N
Y
N
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
Motor Vehicles & Heavy Equipment:
a) Service brakes and trailer brake connections inspected
b) Parking brake and service brake operable
c) Tires, horn, backup alarms, seat belts inspected
d) Lights, windshield wipers, defroster
e) Fire Extinguisher in place and fully charged
f) Weights and loads controlled
g) Personnel carried safely - seat belts provided
Employees/Subcontractors/Additional:
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Preconstruction Checklist
Administration:
a) Pre-construction meeting with subcontractors re: safe work practices
b) OSHA poster and other warning signs posted
c) Emergency phone numbers posted
d) Written Safety Program on site including site specific Safety Program
e) Weekly safety meetings integrated
f) MSDS from all subcontractors
g) Hazardous chemical list updated for job
h) Competent Person assigned for site and each trade
i) Hazard Communication plan posted
j) Posted 200/300 Forms
Y
N
Y
N
Y
N
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
Fire Prevention:
a) Proper number of Fire Extinguishers provided and charged
b)”No Smoking” posted and enforced (no cigarette butts in posted areas)
c) Combustibles >10’ from building
d) Approved safety cans for gasoline
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
First Aid and Emergency:
a) First aid kit fully stocked; employees aware of location
b) Employees aware of personnel trained in first aid
c) Employees aware of emergency procedures
d) Aware of Emergency Contact Postings
Employee/Subcontractor/Additional:
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JOB SITE OSHA INSPECTION CHECKLIST
I. PREPARATION PRIOR TO
INSPECTION:
A. Job Site Representative or Superintendent:
• Appoint a company representative and an alternate to handle OSHA problems
and inspections for each project. They must read and understand this checklist
and have a copy for their own use.
• Instruct other management personnel not to talk to the inspector, other than to
remain courteous.
• Have a working camera, video camera, tape recorder, and note book available
on the job site for inspections.
• Advise Inspector you would like for the safety manager/representative to be present.
B. Records:
• Is there a hazard communication plan (HazCom) available for all employees
and the inspector immediately upon request at the job site at all times?
• Are Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) available for all employees and the
inspector immediately upon request at the job site?
• Is an OSHA poster displayed on the job site?
• Is the OSHA Form 300A summary from the prior year signed and posted on the
job site each February?
• Are OSHA 300 and 300A forms for prior years signed and available for review
on the job site or at the home office? (They must be maintained for the
previous five years.)
• Keep notes of all records furnished to the inspector and any comments by the
inspector.
C. Job site Entry Options:
• Allow the inspection to proceed and permit the designated company
representative to take part in the inspection.
• Ask the compliance officer to wait until someone from upper management
arrives on the job site. This request should be written and signed as company
policy, and not a denial of entry. Your foreman should have copy of this letter,
signed by an officer of the company, on site at all times.
• Hendrick Construction, Inc. should have a policy on whether administrative warrants are
required in the event of an OSHA inspection. If the inspection is a result of a fatality,
multi-injury, imminent danger situation, or a complaint, the company may choose to
allow the inspection, but to limit its scope to the matter concerned; otherwise the
company may require an administrative warrant. The inspector can and will issue
citations on anything she/he sees or learns during the inspection process. The goal of the
company is to limit the scope of the inspection. If the inspection is general in nature, the
inspector will want to inspect the entire project. If you believe you have no safety
violations or only
minor violations, you should consider allowing the inspection to proceed.
Make it policy in writing to contact upper management before permission is granted for an
inspection.
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II. INSPECTION:
A. Opening Conference:
• Immediately notify the company safety officer or main office, as required, upon
learning of an OSHA inspection or the presence of an OSHA inspector.
• Greet the OSHA inspector, being courteous at all times, and record the
information regarding his/her credentials in a notebook.
• Ask inspector for the purpose of the inspection:
a) Scheduled
b) Employee complaint
c) Death/Catastrophe
d) Observed hazard while driving by
• Ask the inspector to identify the type or scope of the inspection to be
conducted, general/focused. Record, in detail, all questions and responses.
• Do not volunteer any information.
• Provide the inspector with all required safety equipment. Advise the inspector
that he will be required to wear safety equipment in the appropriate areas.
• Ask the OSHA inspector to show you the regulation or standard requiring the
production of records and record his response.
B. Walking the Job Site:
• Briefly answer the questions in a courteous manner. Provide only the information
requested.
• Allow the inspector to visit only those areas of the site which were allowed for
inspection by agreement or by warrant.
• Carefully choose the path of travel. The inspector can issue citations for
anything he sees or hears.
• Photograph or videotape everything the inspector photographs or videotapes in
the same manner and if possible stand in his footsteps. The company should
have its own photo documentation of what the inspector is photographing.
• If the inspector makes a mistake, do not correct him/her.
• Do not argue with the inspector; simply inform him of the facts.
C. Interview:
• Have company representatives present at any interviews by the inspector with
supervisors.
• OSHA inspectors are allowed to privately interview employees in a reasonable
manner. Advise the employee that they have the right to request that the company
representative be present during an interview.
• Write down the name of any employee interviewed. Make sure the employees.
prior to an OSHA visit are familiar with who the competent person is on each
job site and each procedure that requires a competent person.
D. Closing Conference:
• The company representative should obtain as much information as possible
from the inspector without making comments that could hurt the company.
• Record the inspector’s statements about alleged violations. Make notes of the
inspector’s comments.
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FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION
PROGRAM
Purpose:
The purpose of this plan is to prevent potential injuries and deaths to Hendrick Construction, Inc. employees and
subcontractors. It is designed to protect company property from damage or loss due to fire. This plan includes fire
prevention, building exits, fire extinguishing, emergency evacuation, and employee training. This plan complies
with or supersedes fire protection and prevention standards in 29CFR 1926.24 subpart F of OSHA guidelines.
This plan will be reviewed with all new employees when they begin their job and with all employees when the
plan is changed.
Fire Prevention:
Our first line of defense against fire is to prevent it in the first place. It is the responsibility of all Hendrick
Construction, Inc. employees to prevent fires. All employees will be made aware of potential fire hazards in their
work area and will be trained in safe work procedures and practices. Employees and subcontractors are expected
to follow proper procedures to prevent fires and to notify their supervisor or other management personnel if they
observe any condition that could lead to the ignition of a fire or could increase the spread of a fire.
The following are some general fire prevention practices and procedures that should be followed:
•
All ignition sources (i.e., open flames, cutting torches, spark producing equipment, electric motors,
heating equipment, etc.) should be controlled and contact with combustible and flammable materials
must be avoided. Keep all combustible materials at least five feet from such ignition sources and all
flammable liquids at least twenty feet away.
•
Any damaged or frayed electrical wiring, equipment cords, extension cords, etc. should be removed
from service immediately and replaced or repaired.
•
Any use of flammable liquids must be done in a manner that prevents spills and prevents the
flammable liquid or its vapor or spray from coming in contact with any ignition source. All
flammable liquids must be stored in proper flammable liquid storage containers and kept in the proper
storage cabinets.
•
Housekeeping and storage practices are critical to preventing fires. Any combustible materials must
be stored in neat stacks with adequate aisle space provided to prevent easy spread of fire and to allow
for access to extinguish any fire that may start. Trash, scrap, and other unnecessary combustibles
must be cleaned up immediately and placed in proper disposal containers.
•
Smoking will be allowed only in designated areas.
•
Each area of the building has at least two means of escape remote from each other that are to be used
in a fire emergency. The location of exits and the path of egress is shown on maps posted throughout
the building.
•
Fire exit doors must not be blocked or locked to prevent emergency use when employees are within
the building.
Fire Exits:
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•
Exit routes from our building must be clear and free of obstructions. All exits are marked with signs
designating exits from the building.
•
A fire extinguisher, rated not less that 2A, will be provided for each 3,000 square feet of the protected
building area, or major fraction thereof. Travel distance from any point of the protected area to the
nearest fire extinguisher will not exceed 100 feet.
•
One of more fire extinguishers, rated not less than 2A, will be provided on each floor. In multi-story
buildings, at least one fire extinguisher will be located adjacent to stairways.
•
Our fire extinguishers will be inspected annually by a fire protection equipment company and tagged
with the date of inspection. If a fire extinguisher is used or discharged for any reason, it must be
removed from service and replaced with another properly charged extinguisher while it is being
recharged.
•
All employees will be instructed on the hazards of fighting fires, how to properly operate the fire
extinguishers available, and what procedures to follow in alerting others to the fire emergency.
Employees will attempt to extinguish only small incipient fires. If a fire cannot be immediately and
easily extinguished with a fire extinguisher, the employees will evacuate the building and/or area
rather than try to fight the fire.
•
One 2A Extinguisher (10 lb ABC Dry Chemical):
- Per every 3,000 Sq.Ft. of Building
- Within 100 ft. of each storage area for combustible material
One 10B Extinguisher (5 lb ABC Dry Chemical) must be within 50 ft. of wherever
more than 5 gallons of flammable or combustible liquids or 5 lbs of flammable gas are being used on
the jobsite.
One 20B Extinguisher must be:
- From 24-75 feet of an outside flammable or combustible liquid storage area
- Each vehicle hauling or dispensing flammable or combustible liquids
Fire Extinguishers must be inspected:
- At least once a year
- A written record of the inspection must be maintained showing the date of each
inspection
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fire Extinguishers:
Fire Extinguisher Requirements:
Temporary Heaters:
If using temporary heaters inside, make certain that adequate ventilation is available to avoid
asphyxiation.
Install circulating heaters with a minimum of a 12-inch clearance on all sides
Radiant-type heaters must have a minimum of a 36-inch clearance
Salamanders:
-No salamander-type heaters are permitted on scaffolds or near floor openings
-Hot salamanders may not be refueled or relit under any circumstances
-Gasoline or kerosene may not be used unless heater is designed for such fuel
-Always secure salamanders in a manner that will prevent their tipping over due
to impact, collision or wind
Signs:
A “NO SMOKING” sign will be posted in the vicinity of combustibles/flammables ‘
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•
Fire Extinguishers will be mounted throughout the job site and their locations clearly marked
•
•
Storage of LPG within buildings is prohibited!
Compressed Gas Cylinders shall be secured in an upright position at all times ‘Oxygen Cylinders
shall be stored 20 ft. away from gas and LPG cylinders
Cylinders shall be stored in areas where they will not be knocked over or damaged by passing or
falling objects
Cylinders shall be kept far enough away from welding or cutting operations so that sparks, hot slag or
flame cannot reach them
During welding or cutting, a suitable fire extinguisher shall be located immediately in the vicinity of
the operation
When work is finished, cylinders are empty or cylinders are moved, the cylinder valve shall be closed
and capped
A fire watch should be maintained for at least 30 minutes after welding or cutting operations in the
vicinity of combustibles or flammables.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cylinders:
Fire Prevention Requirements:
Proper Housekeeping will be maintained throughout the job
All electrical equipment and wiring will be maintain in compliance with the Electrical Standard Subpart K
All employees will be trained on fire hazards and fire prevention. All employees will be trained in the
use of fire extinguishers
**NO OPEN FIRES ARE PERMITTED ANYWHERE ON A CONSTRUCTION SITE!!**
Emergency Evacuation:
•
An alarm system, e.g., telephone system, siren, etc., will be established by the company whereby
employees on the site and the local fire department can be alerted for an emergency. Site specific
emergency plans will be generated prior to work commencement.
•
Alarm code and reporting instructions will be conspicuously posted at job site.
•
If any employee discovers a fire or smoke, the employee will immediately pull the nearest fire alarm
box. If alarm system is non functional When the fire alarm sounds or a fire is otherwise announced,
all employees (except those designated and trained to use fire extinguishers) are expected to
immediately exit the building by proceeding to the nearest exit in an orderly fashion. If the nearest
exit is blocked by fire or smoke, the employees should proceed to an alternate exit. There should be
no running, shouting, pushing, etc. A calm orderly evacuation is the safest for all concerned.
•
Upon exiting the building, all employees are to proceed to the designated meeting area(s) so that they
can be accounted for. The designated meeting area(s) will be determined in the site specific
emergency plan. Supervisors and subcontractors will account for all of their employees to ensure that
no one is still in the building.
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FIRE SAFETY CHECKLIST
(Should be completed periodically throughout each Job)
Fire Extinguishers:
Fire Extinguishers Provided & Marked throughout the project
Employees instructed to notify management of any discharged extinguishers
Fire Extinguishers provided at all stairways and landings
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
General Fire Protection:
Employees instructed for emergency fire procedures
All exits unobstructed and clearly marked
All gasoline in approved cans
Good Housekeeping Practices throughout project
Sufficient clearance maintained between temporary heaters and combustibles
Smoking prohibited in areas containing combustibles
Combustible scrap and trash regularly removed from site
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
Welding & Cutting:
Fire Watch provided during and 30 minutes after welding/cutting operations
Fire Extinguisher provided for welding/cutting operations
Tanks secured, upright on firm foundation
Valve protection caps in place
Hoses inspected each shift
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
Electrical:
All electrical wiring and equipment meets OSHA’s requirements
All drop cords in good condition and meet OSHA requirements
Overcurrent protection devices (fuses, circuit breakers) in good condition
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI) or an approved grounding program
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
Employee Training:
Emergency procedures explained to all employees
Alarm systems available and in working order (radios, phones, etc)
Emergency phone numbers posted
Employees trained in use of fire extinguishers
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
YES/NO
Documentation:
Employee Training Documentation Maintained
Fire Safety Inspection Documentation Maintained at Site
YES/NO
YES/NO
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SUMMARY OF OSHA STANDARDS REQUIRING
FIRE EXTINGUISER CONSTRUCTION
LOCATION
TYPE
DISTANCE
(feet)
Building area
2A
100
Each floor
2A
----------Multistory building
2A
Adjacent to stairway
5 gallons of
10B
50
flammable/combustible or 5 pounds of flammable gas
Open yard storage
2A
100
Flammable
20B
10, Outside
liquid storage room
Outside
20B
25- 75
Flammable liquid storage area
Vehicles used
20B:C
On vehicle
for dispensing or transporting flammable or combustible liquids
Service or fuel area
20B:C
75
LPG storage area
20B:C
-------Welding, cutting,
Suitable
-------or heating areas
Crane cabs
5B:C
--------Tunnel
4A:40B:C --------machinery not using fire-resistant hydraulic fluid
Tunnel
4A:40B:C --------underground belt conveyors at head and tail pulley
Vehicles used
10A:B:C
--------for transportation of explosives
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STANDARD
150 (c) (1) (i)
150 (c) (1) (iv)
150 (c) (1) (iv)
150 (c) (1) (vi)
151 (c) (6)
152 (d) (1)
152 (d) (2)
152 (d) (4)
152 (g) (11)
153 (1)
352 (d)
550 (a) (14) (i)
800 (m) (8)
800 (m) (11)
902 (i)
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HAZCOM
List of Hazardous Chemicals
Project Superintendents will compile and maintain a list of all hazardous chemicals that will be used on
the jobsite by reviewing container labels and Material Safety Data Sheets. The list will be updated as
necessary. It will be kept in the Superintendent’s jobsite office.
Labeling
It is the policy of Hendrick Construction, Inc. to ensure that each container of hazardous chemicals on a
jobsite is properly labeled. The labeled will list:
1. the contents of the container
2. appropriate hazard warnings
To further ensure that employees are aware of the chemical hazards of materials used in their work areas,
it is our policy to label all secondary containers. Secondary containers will be labeled with either an extra
copy of the manufacturer’s label, or with a sign or generic label that lists the container’s contents and
appropriate hazard warnings. This responsibility has been assigned to the Project Superintendent.
Material Safety Data Sheets
Copies of material safety data sheets for all hazardous chemicals to which employees may be exposed are
kept in the Project Superintendent’s jobsite office, at the home office and are readily accessible to
employees in the work areas during each work shift. The Superintendent is responsible for obtaining and
maintaining the file of Material Safety Data Sheets. The Superintendent is responsible for sending all new
or updated MSDS’s to all jobsites for filing. Superintendents must also be aware of new or unusual
chemicals entering their jobsites and update their MSDS files accordingly. All purchase orders will
include a request for all Material Safety Data Sheets for all applicable hazardous chemicals. All MSDS’s
received should be given to the home office for distribution and filing.
Non- Routine Tasks
Periodically, employees are required to perform non-routine tasks. Prior to starting work on such projects,
each affected employee will be informed by the supervisor about hazards to which they may be exposed
and appropriate protective and safety measures.
Informing Other Employees
To ensure that the employees of other contractors have access to information on the hazardous chemicals
at a jobsite, it is the responsibility of the Project Manager to provide the other contractors with the
following information:
1. Where the MSDSs are available.
2. The name and location of the hazardous chemicals to which their employees may be exposed and
any appropriate protective measures required to minimize their exposure.
3. An explanation of the labeling system used at the jobsite.
This information will be requested from all other employers on jobsites. All requests for and transmittals
of information must be documented and filed with the Project Manager.
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GENERAL HOUSEKEEPING
Purpose:
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to providing a clean and organized worksite for our employees.
To ensure this, we have developed the following written procedures for basic/general housekeeping. All
of these rules are to be housekeeping standards of practice at Hendrick Construction, Inc. job sites.
Storage Areas:
1. Securely store materials by piling or arranging in an orderly manner according to the
designated storage system. Physically or mechanically load and move materials in a safe manner in a
pan, car, cart, truck, or other approved conveyance.
2. Hendrick Construction, Inc. will provide Chemical Hazard training for employees who in the course
of housekeeping duties will be exposed to hazardous chemicals such as bleach, ammonia, or any other
types of cleaning products that may pose a chemical hazard. If you work with a chemical you suspect
of posing a hazard and you have not been trained in its safe use, contact your supervisor immediately.
Trenching/Excavating Housekeeping:
1. All dirt and materials not to be used as back fill in the course of a trenching or excavating job will be
removed from the work area to an acceptable dump location.
2. Pathways to ladders used in trenches or excavations should be free of obstruction to allow for easy
access and egress.
3. Shoring and/or shielding equipment shall be stored in designated areas while not in use.
4. All tools and equipment shall be removed from trenches and excavations at the end of each work day.
Drywall/Painting Housekeeping:
1. Keep all ladders, scaffolds and man lifts safely clear of aisles and passageways to allow for other
workers to pass by and exit in case of an emergency.
2. All spills of substances associated with drywall or painting shall be immediately cleaned up using
appropriate measures stated on required MSDS sheets.
3. At the end of each work day, close/cap all containers, clean all brushes, rollers and other equipment.
Store in ventilated areas.
Tools and Movable Equipment:
All tools and movable equipment shall be stored properly in secure assigned location when not in use.
Aisles and Passageways:
Clear access shall be maintained to all work areas, exits, fire extinguishers, fire blankets, electrical
disconnects, safety showers, and other emergency aids.
Loading & Unloading Areas:
1. Loading and unloading areas shall be free of unnecessary materials accumulation.
2. Have emergency spill kits and other spill clean-up equipment and materials available in the
loading/unloading area and clean up spills as soon as they occur.
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Working surfaces (Floors, grounds, scaffold platforms, etc.)
1. Make sure working surfaces are clean, dry, and free of waste, unnecessary material, oil and grease.
2. Have an adequate number of waste receptacles provided at accessible locations
throughout all work areas to collect debris and trash.
3. Provide designated walkways through grounds, kept clear of snow, ice, materials, or any other
physical hazards.
Site office areas:
1. Keep desks clean and tidy.
2. Keep aisles and walkways clear.
3. Keep entrance stairs and landing clear of mud, snow, ice, materials, or any other physical hazards.
4. Keep information filed in an logical system
Lumber:
1. Lumber should be stacked on solid, level sills.
2. Cross-strips or cross-piling should be used when a pile is unstable due to its height.
3. Keep the top of each pile as level as possible when removing lumber.
4. Remove all nails from used lumber before it is piled.
5. At least two persons should carry long boards. Care should be exercised at corners and crosswalks.
Sacked Materials:
1. Sacked materials, such as cement and lime, should be carefully piled when placed in storage and
should be moved carefully to keep piles stable.
2. Piles should not be more than ten sacks high, unless stepped back. Materials should not be piled on a
floor or scaffold unless it is capable of supporting the weight.
3. The first four end bags should be cross-piled in two separate tiers up to the fifth bag, where a
stepback of one bag in every five should be made. Beginning with the fifth bag, only one cross tier is
necessary. The back tier should be stepped back one bag in every five, the same as the end tiers.
Cement in outer tiers should be piled with the mouth of each bag facing the center of the pile.
4. Keep the pile as even as possible when removing sacks.
5. When lime is exposed to dampness or water, it forms slaked lime and may cause serious burns. It
should be stored in a dry place, preferably above ground. Check storage spaces for nails and sharp
edges.
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6. Workers handling sacked cement and lime should wear goggles, durable, snug fitting clothing, and
protective gloves.
Brick and Tile:
1. When bricks are stored on the job, they should be covered to protect them from rain and freezing.
2. When the brick pile is more than four feet high, it should be stepped back two inches for each foot
from the four foot point.
3. Brick and tile on the pallets should be stored on a firm, level surface to avoid tipping or dislodging.
4. Tiles should be stacked in a vertical position. This will allow for ease of drainage and handling.
5. Brick and tile should not be stored on scaffolds or runways.
Miscellaneous Steel Storage:
1. Reinforcing steel should be stored in separate piles according to size, length and placement sequence.
2. Corrugated and sheet steel should be stacked in flat piles.
3. Spacing strips should be placed between each bundle.
Pipe:
1. Pipe should be stored on specially designed sills or racks and should be safely blocked to prevent
rolling.
2. When removing pipe, work from the end of the pile as much as possible.
3. At least two persons should carry long lengths of pipe. Care should be used at corners.
4. Stored sewer pipe should be blocked.
Chemicals:
1. Petroleum products stored in drums at the jobsite should be protected to prevent damage to markings,
tags, and other means of identification. Unidentifiable petroleum products may result in improper use.
2. Outdoor storage areas should be graded to divert possible spills away from buildings or should be
surrounded by a curb or dike. When curbs or dikes are used, a drain should be provided to drain off
rain water and spill. Outdoor storage of drums requires measures to avoid contamination. Moisture
and dirt in hydraulic, brake and transmission fluid, gasoline, or lubricants may cause failure of
equipment. The storage area should be free from accumulations of spilled products, debris, and other
hazards. Compressed gasses and petroleum products should be stored in compliance with applicable
regulations.
3. Dispensing equipment should be clean and free of contamination. Damage or faulty equipment should
be repaired without delay. When not in use, dispensing equipment should be stored in a safe place.
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Containers, nozzles, and guns for fixed and mobile dispensing equipment should be properly
identified in order to prevent the mixing of products, and possible chemical reactions. Appropriate
and adequate fire protection should be provided at storage locations.
4. Indoor storage provides weather protection. Fire resistant construction of indoor storage buildings is
advisable. Floors should be made of concrete, cinder, or tamped earth. The floor should be free of
spillage at all times. Storage areas should be properly ventilated and lighted, and smoking should be
prohibited.
5. No smoking and warning signs should be posted. All drums containing volatile products should be
electrically grounded.
6. At least one 20-B fire extinguisher should be located no more than 10 feet from the door of any
indoor storage and no less than 25 feet or farther than 75 feet from any outside storage.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
General Housekeeping Procedures
I acknowledge I have been trained on and given a copy of the Housekeeping Procedures. I have read and
understand these procedures, and accept them as a working document which I will support and follow in
my daily work for Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Employee Signature
Date
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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FIRST AID PROGRAM
Purpose
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to providing a safe worksite for its employees and
subcontractors. This written policy addresses the first aid procedures to follow regarding addresses first
aid for Hendrick Construction, Inc. jobsites and conditions.
An adequate first aid kit will be supplied at the jobsite or in the Superintendent’s vehicle depending on the
size of the job. Contents of the kit will be checked and missing items will be replaced. When first aid kit
is located onsite, it should be centrally located in the work area. Every worker should be familiar with the
first aid supply location.
Treatment
First aid is the immediate care given to the victim of an accident or sudden illness until emergency
medical care can be obtained/administered. The level of care that must be obtained wi1l be determined by
the urgency and severity of injury and illness. If the injury or illness extends beyond the constraints of the
first aid list attached below, utilize the job specific hazard communication contacts to obtain appropriate
medical attention.
First Aid Includes:
• Using a non-prescription medication at non-prescription strength.
• Cleaning, flushing, or soaking wounds and covering with bandages, band-aids, gauze pads, steristrips or butterfly bandages.
• Using hot/cold therapy.
• Use of non-rigid means of support, such as elastic bandages or wraps.
• Temporary immobilization devices while transporting an accident victim (eg. Splints, slings, neck
collars, backboards)
• Eye patches
• Removing splinters or other foreign bodies from areas other then the eye by irrigation, tweezers,
cotton swab
• Drinking fluids for relief of heat stress
Documentation
All injuries/illnesses that are work related are to be documented on the company injury/illness form.
Completion of additional forms included but not limited to workers compensation, and OSHA records
may be required. Contact the Safety Representative immediately following any work related injury/illness
to determine applicable forms.
Recordable injuries and illnesses applicable to OSHA records include but not limited to:
• Death
• Days away from work
• Restricted work
• Transfer to another job post-accident
• Medical treatment beyond first aid
• Loss of consciousness
• A significant injury or illness diagnosed by a physician or other licensed health care professional
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SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND BARRICADES
SAFETY PROGRAM
Accident prevention signs and tags
General: Signs and symbols required by this subpart shall be visible at all times when work is being
performed, and shall be removed or covered promptly when the hazards no longer exist.
Danger Signs: Danger signs shall be used only where an immediate hazard exists. Danger signs shall
have red as the predominating color for the upper panel; black outline on the borders; and a white lower
panel for additional sign wording.
Caution Signs: Caution signs shall be used only to warn against potential hazards or to caution against
unsafe practices. Caution signs shall have yellow as the predominating color; black upper panel and
borders; yellow lettering of “caution” on the black panel; and the lower yellow panel for additional sign
wording. Black lettering shall be used for additional wording. Standard color of the background shall be
yellow; and the panel, black with yellow letters. Any letters used against the yellow background shall be
black. The colors shall be those of opaque glossy samples as specified in Table 1 of American National
Standard Z53.l -1967.
Exit Signs: Exit signs, when required, shall be lettered in legible red letters, not less than 6 inches high,
on a white field and the principal stroke of the letters shall be at least three-fourths inch in width.
Safety Instruction Signs: Safety instruction signs, when used, shall be white with green upper panel with
white letters to convey the principal message. Any additional wording on the sign shall be black letters on
the white background.
Directional Signs: Directional signs, other than automotive traffic signs specified below, shall be white
with a black panel and a white directional symbol. Any additional wording on the sign shall be black
letters on the white background.
Traffic Signs: Construction areas shall be posted with legible traffic signs at points of hazard. All traffic
control signs or devices used for protection of construction workmen shall confirm to the latest Manual on
Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) for Streets and Highways.
Accident Prevention Tags: Accident prevention tags shall be used as a temporary means of warning
employees of an existing hazard, such as defective tools, equipment, etc. They shall not be used in place
of, or as a substitute for, accident prevention signs.
Signaling
Flagmen: When operations are such that signs, signals, and barricades do not provide the necessary
protection on or adjacent to a highway or street, flagmen or other appropriate traffic controls shall be
provided. Signaling directions by flagmen shall conform to the latest Manual on Uniform Traffic Control
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Devices (MUTCD) for Streets and Highways. Hand signaling by flagmen shall be by use of red flags at
least 18 inches square or sign paddles, and in periods of darkness, red lights. Flagmen shall be provided
with and shall wear a yellow/green or orange warning garment while flagging. Warning garments worn at
night shall be of reflectorized material. You may want to reference the latest MUTCD or ANSI standard
107-1999.
Crane and hoist signals: Regulations for crane and hoist signaling will be found in applicable American
National Standards Institute standards and jobsites.
Barricades
Barricades for protection of employees shall conform to the portions of the latest Manual on Uniform
Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) for Streets and Highways, relating to barricades.
Definitions applicable to this subpart
Barricade means an obstruction to deter the passage of persons or vehicles.
Signs are the warnings of hazard, temporarily or permanently affixed or placed, at locations where
hazards exist.
Signals are moving signs, provided by workers, such as flagmen, or by devices, such as flashing lights, to
warn of possible or existing hazards.
Tags are temporary signs, usually attached to a piece of equipment or part of a structure, to warn of
existing or immediate hazards.
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HAND & POWER TOOL SAFETY PROGRAM
Purpose:
The purpose of this program is to raise the awareness of Hendrick Construction, Inc. employees on the
hazards associated with the use of hand and power tools. Tools are part of our everyday personal lives
and in the construction industry. It is important to use tools as they were intended to be used. Know the
hazards associated with hand & power tools, and know the best control for those hazards.
This program will briefly discuss many of the most commonly used tools, their hazards and the proper
control for those hazards. This list will not be inclusive of all tools and all hazards, so it is important to
discuss with your supervisor, the use of any tool your are unfamiliar with, read the manufacturer’s
manuals and follow the their guidelines.
Hendrick Construction, Inc. will properly and adequately train employees on the safe operations of all
tools used.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) shall be worn when using tools (i.e. safety eye wear, gloves, and
hard hats). Refer to PPE Program.
Hand Tools:
Hand tools are non-powered. They include anything from axes to wrenches. The greatest hazards posed
by hand tools result from misuse and misappropriate tool selection.
•
•
•
•
Using a chisel as a screwdriver may cause the tip of the chisel to break and fly, hitting the user or
other employees.
If a wooden handle on a tool such as a hammer or an ax is loose, splintered, or cracked, the head of
the tool may fly off and strike the user or another worker.
A wrench must not be used if its jaws are sprung, because it might slip.
Impact tools such as chisels, wedges, or drift pins are unsafe if they have mushroomed heads. The
heads might shatter on impact, sending sharp fragments flying.
Employers should caution employees that saw blades, knives, or other tools be directed away from aisle
areas and other employees working in close proximity.
Knives and scissors must be sharp. Dull tools can be more hazardous than sharp ones.
Power Tool Precautions:
Power tools can be hazardous when improperly used. There are several types of power tools, based on the
power source they use: electric, pneumatic, liquid fuel, hydraulic, and powder-actuated.
The following general precautions should be observed by power tool users:
•
•
•
•
Never carry a tool by the cord or hose.
Never pull the cord or the hose to disconnect it from the receptacle.
Keep cords and hoses away from heat, oil, and sharp edges.
Disconnect tools when not in use, before servicing, and when changing accessories such as blades, bits
and cutters.
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• All observers should be kept at a safe distance away from the work area.
• Secure work with clamps or a vise, freeing both hands to operate the tool.
• Avoid accidental starting. The worker should not hold a finger on the switch button while carrying a
plugged-in tool.
• Tools should be maintained with care. They should be kept sharp and clean for the best performance.
Follow instructions in the user’s manual for lubricating and changing accessories.
• Be sure to keep good footing and maintain good balance.
• The proper apparel should be worn. Loose clothing, ties, or jewelry can become caught in moving parts.
• All portable electric tools that are damaged shall be removed from use and tagged “Do Not Use.”
Guards
Hazardous moving parts of a power tool need to be safeguarded. For example, belts, gears, shafts, pulleys,
sprockets, spindles, drums, fly wheels, chains, or other reciprocating, rotating, or moving parts of
equipment must be guarded if such parts are exposed to contact by employees.
Guards, as necessary, should be provided to protect the operator and others from the following:
•
•
•
•
point of operation,
in-running nip points,
rotating parts, and
flying chips and sparks.
Safety guards must never be removed when a tool is being used. For example, portable circular saws must
be equipped with guards. An upper guard must cover the entire blade of the saw. A retractable lower
guard must cover the teeth of the saw, except when it makes contact with the work material. The lower
guard must automatically return to the covering position when the tool is withdrawn from the work.
Safety Switches
The following hand-held powered tools must be equipped with a momentary contact “on-off’ control
switch: drills, tappers, fastener drivers, horizontal, vertical and angle grinders with wheels larger than 2
inches in diameter, disc and belt sanders, reciprocating saws, saber saws, and other similar tools. These
tools also may be equipped with a lock-on control provided that turnoff can be accomplished by a single
motion of the same finger or fingers that turn it on.
The following hand-held powered tools may be equipped with only a positive “on-off’ control switch:
platen sanders, disc sanders with discs 2 inches or less in diameter; grinders with wheels 2 inches or less
in diameter; routers, planers, laminate trimmers, nibblers, shears, scroll saws and jigsaws with blade
shanks 1 I 4-inch wide or less.
Other hand-held powered tools such as circular saws having a blade diameter greater than 2 inches, chain
saws, and percussion tools without positive accessory holding means must be equipped with a constant
pressure switch that will shut off the power when the pressure is released.
Electrical Tools
Employees using electric tools must be aware of several dangers; the most serious is the possibility of
electrocution.
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Among the chief hazards of electric-powered tools are burns and slight shocks which can lead to injuries
or even heart failure. Under certain conditions, even a small amount of current can result in fibrillation of
the heart and eventual death. A shock also can cause the user to fall off a ladder or other elevated work
surface.
All tools will have a three-wire cord with ground and/or be double insulated. Anytime an adapter is used
to accommodate a two-hole receptacle, the adapter wire must be attached to a known ground. The third
prong should never be removed from the plug.
These general practices should be followed when using electric tools:
•
•
•
•
•
Electric tools should be operated within their design limitations.
Gloves and safety footwear are recommended during use of electric tools.
When not in use, tools should be stored in a dry place.
Electric tools should not be used in damp or wet locations.
Work areas should be well lighted.
Powered Abrasive Wheel Tools
Powered abrasive grinding, cutting, polishing, and wire buffing wheels create special safety problems
because they may throw off flying fragments.
Before an abrasive wheel is mounted, it should be inspected closely and sound- or ring-tested to be sure
that it is free from cracks or defects. To test, wheels should be tapped gently with a light non-metallic
instrument. If they sound cracked or dead, they could fly apart in operation and so must not be used. A
sound and undamaged wheel will give a clear metallic tone or “ring.”
To prevent the wheel from cracking, the user should be sure it fits freely on the spindle. The spindle nut
must be tightened enough to hold the wheel in place, without distorting the flange. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendations.
Care must be taken to assure that the spindle wheel will not exceed the abrasive wheel specifications.
Due to the possibility of a wheel disintegrating (exploding) during start-up, the employee should never
stand directly in front of the wheel as it accelerates to full operating speed.
Portable grinding tools need to be equipped with safety guards to protect workers not only from the
moving wheel surface, but also from flying fragments in case of breakage.
In addition, when using a powered grinder:
•
•
•
Always use eye protection.
Turn off the power when not in use.
Never clamp a hand-held grinder in a vise.
Pneumatic Tools
Pneumatic tools are powered by compressed air and include chippers, drills, hammers, and sanders.
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There are several dangers encountered in the use of pneumatic tools. The main one is the danger of
getting hit by one of the tool’s attachments or by some kind of fastener while the worker is using with the
tool.
Pneumatic tools that shoot nails, rivets, or staples, and operate at pressures more than 100 pounds per
square inch, must be equipped with a special device to keep fasteners from being ejected unless the
muzzle is pressed against the work surface.
Eye protection is required and face protection is recommended for employees working with pneumatic
tools. Noise is another hazard. Working with noisy tools such as jackhammers requires proper, effective
use of ear protection.
When using pneumatic tools, employees must check to see that they are fastened
securely to the hose to prevent them from becoming disconnected. A short wire or positive locking device
attaching the air hose to the tool will serve as an added safeguard.
Airless spray guns that atomize paints and fluids at high pressures (1,000 pounds or more per square inch)
must be equipped with automatic or visual manual safety devices that will prevent pulling the trigger until
the safety device is manually released.
If an air hose is more than one-half inch in diameter, a safety excess flow valve must be installed at the
source of the air supply to shut off the air automatically in case the hose breaks.
In general, the same precautions should be taken with an air hose that are recommended for electric cords,
since the hose is subject to the same kind of damage or accidental striking and presents tripping hazards.
A safety clip or retainer must be installed to prevent attachments, such as chisels on a chipping hammer,
from being unintentionally shot from the barrel.
Screens must be set up to protect nearby workers from being struck by flying fragments around chippers,
riveting guns, staplers, or air drills.
Compressed air guns should never be pointed toward anyone. The user should never “dead-end” it against
him or herself or anyone else.
Heavy jackhammers can cause fatigue and strains; heavy rubber grips reduce these effects by providing a
secure handhold.
Workers operating a jackhammer must wear safety glasses and safety shoes, which protect against injury
if the hammer slips or falls. A face shield should also be used.
Liquid-Fuels Tools
A third type of tool is fuel-powered, usually by gasoline. The most serious hazard with fuel-powered tools
comes from fuel vapors that can burn or explode and give off dangerous exhaust fumes.
The worker must be careful to handle, transport, and store the gas or fuel only in approved flammable
liquid containers, according to proper procedures for flammable liquids.
Before the tank for a fuel-powered tool is refilled, the user must shut down the engine and allow it to cool
to prevent accidental ignition of hazardous vapors.
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If a fuel-powered tool is used inside a closed area, effective ventilation and I or personal protective
equipment is necessary to avoid breathing carbon monoxide. Fire extinguishers must be available in the
area.
Powder -Actuated Tools
Powder-actuated tools operate like a loaded gun and should be treated with the same respect and
precautions. In fact, they are so dangerous that they must be operated only by specially trained
employees.
•
•
•
•
•
These tools should not be used in an explosive or flammable atmosphere.
Before using the tool, the worker should inspect it to determine that it is clean, that all
moving parts operate freely, and that the barrel is free from obstructions.
The tool should never be pointed at anybody.
The tool should not be loaded unless it is to be used immediately. A loaded tool should not be
left unattended, especially where it would be available to unauthorized persons.
Hands should be kept clear of the barrel end. To prevent the tool from firing accidentally, two
separate motions are required for firing: one to bring the tool into position, and another to pull
the trigger. The tools must not be able to operate until they are pressed against the work
surface with a force of at least 5 pounds greater than the total weight of the tool.
If a powder-actuated tool misfires, the employee should wait at least 30 seconds, then try firing it again. If
it still will not fire, the user should wait another 30 seconds so that the faulty cartridge is less likely to
explode, then carefully remove the load. The bad cartridge should be put in water.
Suitable eye and face protection are essential when using a powder-actuated tool.
The muzzle end of the tool must have a protective shield or guard centered perpendicularly on the barrel
to confine any flying fragments or particles that might otherwise create a hazard when the tool is fired.
The tool must be designed so that it will not fire unless it has this kind of safety device.
If the tool develops a defect during use it should be tagged and taken out of service immediately until it is
properly repaired.
Fasteners
When using powder-actuated tools to apply fasteners, there are some precautions to consider. Fasteners
must not be fired into material that would let them pass through to the other side. The fastener must not be
driven into materials like brick or concrete any closer than 3 inches to an edge or corner. In steel the
fastener must not come any closer than one-half inch from a corner or edge. Fasteners must not be driven
into very hard or brittle materials which might chip or splatter, or make the fastener ricochet.
Hydraulic Power Tools
The fluid used in hydraulic power tools must be an approved fire resistant fluid and must retain its
operating characteristics at the most extreme temperatures to which it will be exposed.
The manufacturer’s recommended safe operating pressure for hoses, valves, pipes, filters, and other
fittings must not be exceeded.
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Jacks
All jacks-lever and ratchet jacks, screw jacks, and hydraulic jacks - must have a device that stops them
from jacking up too high. Also, the manufacturer’s load limit must be permanently marked in a prominent
place on the jack and should not be exceeded.
A jack should never be used to support a lifted load. Once the load has been lifted, it must immediately be
blocked up.
Use wooden blocking under the base if necessary to make the jack level and secure. If the lift surface is
metal, place a 1 inch-thick hardwood block or equivalent between it and the metal jack head to reduce the
danger of slippage.
To set up a jack, make certain of the following:
•
•
•
•
the base rests on a firm level surface,
the jack is correctly centered,
the jack head bears against a level surface, and
the lift force is applied evenly.
Proper maintenance of jacks is essential for safety. All jacks must be inspected before each use and
lubricated regularly. If a jack is subjected to an abnormal load or shock, it should be thoroughly examined
to make sure it has not been damaged.
Hydraulic jacks exposed to freezing temperatures must be filled with adequate antifreeze liquid.
Employees who use hand and power tools and who are exposed to the hazards of falling, flying, abrasive
and splashing objects, or exposed to harmful dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, or gases must be provided with
the particular personal equipment necessary to protect them from the hazard.
All hazards involved in the use of power tools can be prevented by following five basic safety rules:
•
•
•
•
•
Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance.
Use the right tool for the job.
Examine each tool for damage before use.
Operate according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Provide and use the right protective equipment.
Employees and employers have a responsibility to work together to establish safe working procedures. If
a hazardous situation is encountered, it should be brought to the attention of the proper individual
immediately.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Hand and Power Tool Safety Procedures
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Written Procedures for Hand and Power Tools. I have
read and understood them, and I accept the procedures as a working document which I will support and
follow in my daily work for Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Employee Signature
Date
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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WELDING AND CUTTING PROGRAM
Purpose
It is Hendrick Construction, Inc. purpose in issuing this plan to further ensure a safe workplace based on
written procedures for welding and cutting.
Procedures
Compressed Gas Cylinders
A. Handling, storage and use of compressed gases around the jobsite represents a number of hazards.
Questions should be resolved through supervisors.
B.Approved practices include:
1. Keep valve protection cap in place at all times when a cylinder is not in use.
2. When cylinders are hoisted, secure them on a cradle, slingboard or pallet.
3. Move cylinders by tilting and rolling on their bottom edges. Care in handling is required.
4. Secure cylinders in an upright position at all times, especially when moving them by
machine.
5. Use carriers or carts provided for the purpose when cylinders are in use.
6. When in use, isolate cylinders from welding or cutting or suitably shielding. Care will be
taken to prevent them from becoming part of an electrical circuit.
7. Maintain a distance of at least 20 feet or provide a non-combustible barrier at least five
feet high in separating fuel gas cylinders from oxygen cylinders. This applies to indoor
and outdoor storage.
8. The site supervisor will designate:
• Well-ventilated storage areas for cylinders inside buildings. Care will be taken to
keep storage areas out of traffic areas or other situations where they could be
knocked over, damaged or be tampered with.
• Locations for fuel gas and oxygen manifolds in well-ventilated areas.
C. Prohibited Practices include:
1. Use of valve protection caps for lifting cylinders.
2. Use of damaged or defective cylinders. The site supervisor will provide appropriate tags
and designate an appropriate storage area for these cylinders.
3. Mixing of gases.
4. Use of a magnet or choker sling when hoisting cylinders.
5. Use of a bar to pry cylinders from frozen ground. Warm, not boiling, water is used to
thaw cylinders.
6. Taking oxygen, acetylene or other fuel gas or manifolds with these gases into confined
spaces.
Gas Welding and Cutting
A. Safe practices in using compressed gases and torches include:
1. “Cracking” cylinders and attaching regulators according to industry practice.
2. Putting caps on header hose connections and manifolds when not in use.
3. Keeping all hose, regulator, cylinders, valve protection caps, couplings, apparatus and
torch connections free of grease and oil, especially those involving oxygen.
4. Using fuel gas hose and oxygen hose of different colors.
5. Inspections:
• all hose before every shift;
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• all torches. Only devices designed for the purpose will be used to clean torch tips.
6. Use only friction lighters to ignite torches.
7. Removal of torches and hoses and positive shut-off of gas sources from confined spaces
when leaving a confined space project for any substantial period of time.
B. Prohibited practices include:
1. Interchange of hoses, including use of adapters, between fuel gas and oxygen sources.
2. Placement of anything on or near a manifold or cylinder top that may interfere with the
prompt shut-off in case of an emergency.
3. Taping more than four inches out of every 12 inches in joining fuel gas and oxygen hoses.
4. Using defective hose or torches.
5. Use of oxygen for personal cooling, cleaning off of surfaces, ventilation or blowing dust
from clothing.
Arc Welding and Cutting
A. Safe practices in using arc welders include:
1. Use of holders, cable and other apparatus specifically designed for the purpose, matched to
the job and other components and in good repair.
2. Following Department Of Transportation standards for welding on natural gas pipelines.
3. When leaving electrode holders unattended, electrodes are removed and holders placed so
that accident electrical contact is not made.
4. Turning off the arc welding or cutting machine when it is to be left unattended for a
substantial period of time or when it is being moved.
5. Immediate reporting of any defective equipment to the site supervisor.
6. Use of non-combustible or flame-proof screens to protect employees and passersby from
arc rays wherever practicable.
7. Keeping chlorinated solvents at least 200 feet from an inert-gas metal-arc welder or
providing adequate shielding. Surfaces prepared with chlorinated solvents will be
thoroughly before welding.
B. Prohibited practices include:
1. Using cables with repairs or splices within 10 feet of the holder that are not equivalent in
insulating valued to the original cable.
2. Use of pipelines with flammable gases or liquids or conduits with electrical circuits as
ground return.
3. Dipping hot electrode holders into water.
Fire Prevention
The site supervisor will use this guide to assess fire hazards at a jobsite.
WHEN
the object to be welded, cut or
heated can be moved
AND
a fire-resistant, safe workspace is
available
the object to be welded, cut or
heated can be moved
the object to be welded, cut or
heated cannot be moved
all fire hazards can be moved to a
safe distance
all the fire hazards cannot be removed
there is a welding, cutting or
heating task
concentrations of flammable
paints, dusts, or other flammable
compounds are present
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THEN
the welding, cutting, brazing or
heating must be done in that
space.
the welding, cutting, brazing or
heating can be done.
guards shall be used to confine
the heat, sparks, and slag, and to
protect the immovable fire
hazards.
welding, cutting, brazing or
heating is not allowed.
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Hendrick Construction, Inc. will provide suitable fire extinguishing equipment based on the site
supervisor’s assessment of hazards. The site supervisor will ensure the equipment is maintained for
immediate use.
Fire Watchers
When normal fire prevention measures are not sufficient, the company, based on the site supervisor’s
assessment will assign fire watchers. Fire watchers will provide additional safeguards against fire during
and after operations. Hendrick Construction, Inc. will provide training for fire watchers on the specific
fire hazards and equipment available.
Ventilation
The site supervisor will determine the number, location and capacity of ventilation devices. Where
ventilation is not sufficient to provide clean, respirable air, respirators will be specified according to the
provisions in the next section. Ventilation will be sufficient to protect passersby as well as the welder.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
A. Air line respirators will be provided for confined space jobs when sufficient ventilation cannot be
provided without blocking the exit.
B. When known or unknown toxic materials are present in a job, respirators will be provided that match
the hazard for all employees. The hazards include zinc or zinc-bearing base or filler metals, lead base
metals, cadmium-bearing filler metals, chromium-bearing or chromium-coated metals, mercury,
nitrogen dioxide and beryllium. Due to beryllium’s extreme danger, both ventilation and air line
respirators will be used.
C. Where screens are not sufficient to protect welders and passersby from arc radiation, the company
will provide eye protection with appropriate helmets, filter lens goggles or hand shields. The helmets
and shields will be maintained in good repair.
D. When a toxic preservative is detected on a surface in a confined space, air line respirators will be
provided (or the toxic coating will be stripped from at least four inches around the heated area).
Confined Spaces
A. Confined spaces, such as manholes, tunnels, trenches and vaults, are particularly hazardous working
areas made more dangerous by welding. Ventilation is a primary consideration and will be designated
by the site supervisor or other competent employee designated by the company.
B. See the Personal Protective Equipment section for provision of respirators.
C. An employee will be stationed outside the confined space to maintain communication with those
entering and ready to render emergency assistance when respirators are used.
D. When confined spaces are entered through a manhole or similar small opening, the company will
provide a means of quickly removing a worker. An attendant with a rescue procedure will observe
the worker at all times and be able to put the rescue plan into effect.
Welding or Cutting Involving Flammable, Toxic or Hazardous Materials
A. The company will designate a competent person to test the flammability of unknown coatings.
B. When a coating is found to be highly flammable, it will be stripped from the area to
prevent fire.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Welding, Cutting and Brazing Procedures
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Written Procedures for Welding, Cutting and Brazing. I
have read and understood them, and I accept the procedures as a working document which I will support
and follow in my daily work for Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Employee Signature
Date
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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ELECTRICAL SAFETY PROGRAM
Purpose
The purpose of this program is to establish and implement a ground fault circuit interrupter policy for all
Hendrick Construction, Inc. jobsites. This program will reduce or eliminate electrical fault current which
might be generated in any electrical system or tool during use. A Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI)
continuously monitors the amount of current returning along the “grounded neutral.” If the variance
between the two is more than five milliamps, the GFCI will trip the circuit in about 1/40 of a second.
Requirements
All equipment (saws, drills, extension cords, etc.) that is capable of being plugged into a 110-volt
receptacle shall have a GFCI device attached before the tool and/or extension cord. This is done to
comply with OSHA standard 1926.400 (h) and to eliminate the possibility of death or injury to the user.
GFCI protection also must be provided at any location having receptacles capable of being used for plugin equipment.
An Assured Equipment Grounding Program must be implemented for all other single-phase devices
requiring more than 120 volts and/or 15-20 amps. (Exceptions: Portable or vehicle-mounted generators
having receptacles for 2-wire single-phase power need not be GFCI-protected as long as the generator is
rated at no more than 5 kW and the circuit conductors at the generator are insulated from the generator
frame and all other grounded surfaces.)
Testing
A competent person on a quarterly basis will test all GFCIs by introducing a ground fault into the
circuit using a commercially available GFCI tester. (Test buttons for the circuit may trip the
device but may not provide the protection intended if the breaker is faulty or incorrectly wired.)
A record of testing shall be kept, identifying the following: serial number of unit, date of
purchase, brand, and model number. Also shown will the date of initial testing by GFCI tester
before being placed into service and date of quarterly inspection initialed.
Nuisance Tripping of GFCI Devices
The following items usually will cause tripping of GFCIs:
1. Water leaking into cord connection. (Note: This can usually be remedied by using a twist lock
cord and cap. Raising connections out of wet locations will also correct this problem.)
2. Faulty or defective equipment plugged into a GFCI circuit. (Note: By Plugging a tool into an
entirely different spider or receptacle, you can determine if that tool is defective. The tool must
be tagged “out of service” and sent for repairs when tripping occurs again.)
3. Very long runs of conductor cords will create a voltage drop, which may trip the GFCI.
Electrical Equipment Inspections
Purpose
This procedure is intended to establish a program to assure a thorough inspection of all small portable
electric hand tools, light plants, electrically powered shop equipment, extension cords, and all other
temporary electrical circuits. This procedure is also intended to comply with OSHA regulation
1926.400(h).
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Procedure
A. One or more competent individuals will be designated as inspectors to test equipment. Inspectors will
identify existing and predictable hazards in tools, cords, and other pieces of electrical equipment.
They will also have the authority to take prompt, corrective measures to eliminate problems found.
Any problem equipment which cannot be repaired immediately must be removed from service and
tagged “Defective — Do Not Use” until repairs are made.
Inspectors shall conduct these tests quarterly. The names of designated inspectors should be
documented and publicized to all workers so that no one else can attempt to perform the inspection.
B. Each employee using a piece of electrical equipment must perform a visual inspection of the cord set,
attachment cap, plug, and receptacles which are fixed in place and not exposed to damage. Workers
should check for deformed or missing conductor and ground pins, insulation damage, and indications
of possible internal damage. Damaged equipment will be tagged and removed from service.
C. The designated inspector shall perform the following on all cord sets, receptacles which are not a part
of the permanent wiring of the building or structure, and cord and/or plug-connected equipment
required to be grounded:
a.
Test all equipment-grounding conductors for continuity; all conductors
shall be electrically continuous.
b.
Test each receptacle and attachment cap and attachment cap or plug for correct
attachment of the equipment-grounding conductor. The equipment-grounding
conductor shall be connected to its proper terminal.
c.
Inspect all double-insulated tools and equipment for physical damage.
D. All required tests shall be performed:
a.
Before first use.
b.
Before equipment is returned to service following any repairs.
c.
Before equipment is used after any incident which can be
reasonably suspected to have caused danger (when a cord set is
run over, for example).
d.
At intervals not to exceed three months.
E. Hendrick Construction, Inc. shall neither make available nor permit any employee to use any
equipment, which has not met the requirements of this procedure.
F. The subject of employee responsibility for daily inspection will be included in new employee safety
orientations and mentioned at the toolbox safety meetings.
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ELECTRICAL SAFETY
Purpose
The purpose of this program is to establish and implement assured equipment grounding conductor
program on all of Hendrick Construction, Inc. construction sites. It will address all cord sets and
receptacles used by employees.
A written description of the program, including the specific procedures adopted by Hendrick
Construction, Inc., is available at all job sites for inspection.
Each cord set, attachment cap, plug and receptacle of cord sets, and any equipment connected by cord and
plug, except cord sets and receptacles which are fixed and not exposed to damage, are visually inspected.
Visual inspection includes, but is not limited to external defects (deformed or missing pins), insulation
damage, and for indications of possible internal damage. It is Hendrick Construction, Inc. policy to
assure that equipment found damaged or defective is not to be used until repaired, and will be removed
from service immediately by the person finding it.
Cord Set/Plug and Receptacle of Cord Set are inspected:
•
•
•
•
Before first use;
Before equipment is returned to service following any repairs;
Before equipment is used after any incident which can be reasonably suspected to
have caused damage (for example, when a cord set is run over); and
At intervals not to exceed 3 months, except that cord sets and receptacles which are
fixed and not exposed to damage shall be tested at intervals not exceeding 6 months.
Hendrick Construction, Inc. does not make available or permit the use by employees of any equipment
which has not met the requirements of this program.
Tests performed as required in this program are recorded. The test records identify each receptacle, cord
set, and cord- and plug-connected equipment that passed the test and indicates the last date it was tested
or the interval for which it was tested. This record is kept by means of logs and is maintained until
replaced by a more current record. The record is made available on the job site for inspection by OSHA
and any affected employee.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Electrical Safety Written Requirements
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Electrical Safety Written Requirements, I have read and
understood it, and I accept the program/procedures as a working document which I will support and
follow in my daily work at Hendrick Construction, Inc.
___________________________________________________________________________
Employee Signature
Date
____________________________________________________________________________
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
____________________________________________________________________________
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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CONTROL OF HAZARDOUS ENERGY
LOCKOUT/TAGOUT PROGRAM
Purpose:
This procedure covers the servicing, maintenance, and/or installation of machines and equipment in
which the unexpected energization or start-up of the machines or equipment, or release of stored energy
could cause injury to employees. This policy establishes minimum performance requirements for the
control of such hazardous energy. Hendrick Construction, Inc. employees and subcontractors will comply
with all requirements of this policy for controlling hazardous energy.
Responsibility:
All Hendrick Construction, Inc. employees are required to comply with the restrictions and limitations
imposed upon them during the use of lockout and tagout. The authorized employees are required to
perform the lockout in accordance with this procedure. All employees, upon observing a machine or piece
of equipment which is locked out to perform servicing, maintenance or start-up shall not attempt to start,
energize or use that machine or equipment.
Preparation of Lockout/Tagout:
The authorized person shall:
1.
Notify all affected employees that a lockout or tagout system is going to be utilized and the
reason therefore. The employee shall know the type and magnitude of energy that the machine or
equipment utilizes and shall understand the hazards thereof.
Name(s)/Job Title(s) of affected employees and how to notify.
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
2.
If the machine or equipment is operating, shut it down by the normal stopping procedure (depress
stop button, open toggle switch, etc.).
Type(s) and location(s) of machine or equipment operating controls
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
3.
Deactivate the switch, valve, or other energy isolating device(s) so that the equipment is isolated
from its energy source(s). Stored energy (such as that in springs, elevated machine members,
rotating flywheels, hydraulic systems, and air, gas, steam or water pressure, etc...) must be
dissipated or restrained by methods such as repositioning, blocking, bleeding down, etc.
Type(s) and location(s) of energy isolating devices.
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
4.
Lockout and tagout the energy isolating devices with assigned individual lock(s) and tag(s). If
necessary, use a multiple locking devise. Locks and tags will be provided by Project
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Superintendent; however, only one key shall be issued for the lock and this to the person
performing the work.
5.
After ensuring that no personnel are exposed, and as a check on having
disconnected the energy source, operate the push button or other normal operating controls to
make certain the equipment will not operate.
CAUTION: Return operating control(s) to “neutral” or “off’ position after the test.
6.
The equipment is now locked or tagged out. The locking/tagging individual
shall print their name and date on the “Danger” tag which will be placed with
the lock and securely attached.
Restoring Machines, Equipment, or Systems to Normal Operations:
1.
After the servicing, maintenance, or installation is complete and equipment is ready for normal
production operations, check the area around the machines or equipment to ensure that no one is
exposed.
2.
Ensure all tools have been removed from the machine or equipment, guards have been reinstalled
and employees are in the clear.
3.
Verify that the controls are in the neutral position.
4.
Remove the lockout devices and reenergize the machine or equipment.
5.
Notify affected employees that the servicing, maintenance or testing is completed and the
machine, equipment or system is ready for use.
Procedure Involving More Than One Person:
In the preceding steps, if more than one individual is required to lockout and tagout equipment, each shall
place his/her own personal lockout device and tagout device on the energy isolating device(s). When an
energy isolating device cannot accept multiple locks or tags, a multiple lockout device (hasp) shall be
used. Each employee will use his/her own lock to secure the equipment. As each person no longer needs
to maintain his or her lockout protection, that person will remove his/her lock.
Basic Rules for Using Lockout/Tagout System Procdure:
All equipment shall be lock out or tagged out to protect against accidental or inadvertent operation when
such operation could cause injury to personnel. Do not attempt to operate any switch, valve, or other
energy isolating device where it is locked or tagged out.
Definitions for this Policy and Procure:
“Servicing or maintenance” includes activities such as constructing, installing, setting up, adjusting,
inspecting, modifying, and maintaining and or servicing machines or equipment. Excluded from coverage
are minor tool changes and adjustments, and other minor servicing activities, which take place during
normal production operations, if they are routine, repetitive and integral to the use of equipment for
production, provided that the work is performed without the removal or bypassing of machine guards
already required by OSHA. When machines or equipment are undergoing repairs or rebuild, lockout
procedures must be used.
“Authorized” employees are workers who lock or implement a tagout system procedure on the machines
or equipment to perform servicing or maintenance on the machines or equipment.
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“Affected” employees are workers who do not perform the servicing or maintenance, but whose job
requires them to work in an area in which servicing or maintenance is being performed (I.E. operators,
other repairmen, Group Leaders.
“Energized” is being connected to an energy source or containing residual or stored energy.
“Energy isolating device” is a mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of
energy including but not limited to the following: A manually operated electrical circuit breaker; a
disconnect switch; a manually operated switch by which the conductors of a circuit can be disconnected
from all ungrounded supply conductors and, in addition, no pole can be operated independently; a slide
gate; a slip blind; a line valve; a block; and any similar device to block or isolate energy. The term does
not include a push button, selector switch, and other control circuit type devices.
“Energy Source” is any source of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal or
other energy.
“Lockout” is the placement of a lockout device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an
established procedure ensuring that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled cannot
be operated until the lockout device is removed.
“Lockout device” is that device that utilizes a positive means, such as a lock (either key or combination
type) to hold an energy isolating device in the safe position and prevent the energizing of a machine or
equipment.
“Normal Production Operations” are the utilization of a machine or equipment to perform its intended
production function.
“Servicing and/or Maintenance” Workplace activities such as constructing, installing, setting up,
adjusting, inspecting, modifying, and maintaining, and/or servicing machines or equipment. These
activities include lubrication, cleaning or un-jamming of machines or equipment and making adjustments
or tool changes, where the employee may be exposed to the unexpected energization or start-up of the
equipment or release of hazardous energy.
“Setting up” is any work performed to prepare a machine or equipment to perform its normal production
operation.
“Tagout” is the placement of a tagout device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an
established procedure, to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may
not be operated until the tagout device is removed.
“Tagout Device” is a prominent warning device, such as a tag and a means of attachment, which can be
securely fastened to an energy isolating device in accordance with an established procedure, to indicate
that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout
device is removed.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Lockout/Tagout Procedures
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Written Procedures for Lockout/Tagout operations. I have
read and understood them, and I accept the procedures as a working document which I will support and
follow in my daily work for Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Employee Signature
Date
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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SCAFFOLD SAFETY PROGRAM
Purpose
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to the protection of its employees and subcontractors from on the
job injuries as a result of being exposed to potential hazards associated with scaffolds. This written
procedure applies to all employees and sub, and all sites where this company conducts business.
General
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•
•
Scaffold and scaffold components shall be capable of supporting without failure. 4 times the
maximum intended load
Scaffolds shall be designed by a qualified person and shall be constructed and loaded in accordance
with that design
Cross braces on scaffolds shall not be used as a means of access or egress.
Scaffold Platform Construction
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•
•
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Each platform on all working levels shall be fully planked with no gaps in decking greater than 1”
between adjacent planking.
When planking around uprights at turns gap may not exceed 9 ½” at any point.
Platforms shall not be more than 14” away from the working face unless guardrails and/or personal
fall protection is in place. (with outriggers 3” max from work face.)
Maximum distance for plastering/lathing operation from the platform to the work face is 18”.
Planking Specifics
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Platform planks shall not extend over the center line of its support at least 6” unless cleated or
restrained.
Where platforms are abutted, abutted ends shall be on separate supports unless use of “T” sections is
in place.
Where platforms are overlapped, the overlap shall not be less than 12” unless the platforms are nailed
or restrained from movement.
Wood platforms shall not be painted with exception to ends for identification. Planks may be coated
periodically with wood preservatives, fire retardant finishes and slip resistant as long as the finishes
do not obscure the top and bottom wood surfaces.
Scaffold components from different manufacturers will not be inter-mixed unless components fit
together without force and the scaffolds structural integrity is not compromised.
Supported Scaffolds
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With height/base ratio greater than 4:1 shall be restrained from tipping by guying, tying, and/or
bracing
Restraint from tipping to be repeated vertically at location of horizontal members every 20 ft.
Supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames and uprights shall bear on base plates and mud sills
Footing for support scaffold shall be level sound and capable of supporting load without settling or
displacement.
Unstable objects such as blocks or bricks shall not be used.
Supported scaffold poles, legs, post, frames shall be plumb and braced to prevent swaying and
displacement.
Access
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•
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When scaffold platforms exceed 2ft. above point of access portable ladders, hook on ladders, stairs,
ramps or similar shall be provided for access.
Hook on and attachable ladders shall be specifically designed for use with the type of scaffold used
with rungs width at least 11 ½” and equally spaced vertically no greater than 2’-0” with rest platforms
every 12 foot with minimum step width of 16”. Stairway type must consist of a top rail and mid rail.
Ramps and walkways 6’-0” or greater above a lower level shall have guardrail system, if greater than
8’-0”, cleats shall be installed not more than 14” apart the length of the ramp. Ramp shall not be
inclined more than (1) one vertical to (3) three horizontal.
Integral prefabricated scaffold access frames shall be specifically designed and constructed for use as
ladder rungs. Rung length at least 11 ½” with maximum spacing between rungs of 16 ¾”.
General Use
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Scaffolds and scaffold components shall not be loaded in excess of their maximum intended loads or
rated capacities.
Use of shore or lean-to scaffold is prohibited
Scaffolds and components shall be inspected for visible defects by a competent person before each
work shift and complete scaffold checklist.
Any part damaged or weakened shall be repaired, replaced, braced or removed from service. Scaffold
shall be tagged out if not fully operational.
Scaffolds shall not be moved with employees on them unless designed by professional engineer
specifically for than purpose.
Scaffold clearance from power lines shall be a minimum of 20ft. If scaffold must be erected between
the 20ft. (company clear) and the 10ft. (OSHA clear) requirements, a written approval plan and work
means and methods for that area will be constructed prior to work commencement.
Scaffolds shall be erected, moved, dismantled, or altered only under supervision and direction of a
competent person.
Employees shall be prohibited from work on scaffolds covered with snow, ice or other slippery
materials except as necessary for removal.
Where swinging loads are being hoisted onto or near scaffolds, tag lines shall be attached
Debris shall not be allowed to accumulate on platforms.
Ladders shall not be used on scaffolds to increase the working height of employees.
Fall Protection
•
•
All employees and subcontractors on a scaffold more than 10’ above a lower level shall be protected
from falling to lower level.
For all scaffolds each person shall be protected by the use of personal fall arrest systems or guardrail
systems.
1. Guardrail shall be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. Guardrail system shall
be installed before the scaffold is released for use. Top rail shall be installed between 38” and
45” above the platform surface. Each top rail shall be capable of withstanding without failure
downward and horizontal force of at least 200 lbs.
2. Lifelines may be used in place of, on in conjunction with guardrail systems. Vertical lifelines
shall be fastened to a safe anchorage point independent of the scaffold. Horizontal lifelines
shall be connected to two (2) or more structured members of the scaffold.
Falling Object Protection
•
In addition to wearing hardhats each employee or subcontractor on a scaffold shall provide additional
protection from falling hand tools, debris, and other small objects through toeboards, screens, debris
nets, catch platforms or canopy structure. Barricaded areas below scaffold are allowed as long as
persons are not permitted to enter the hazard area.
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Mobile Scaffolds
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Scaffolds shall be braced by cross, horizontal, or diagonal braces or combination to prevent rocking
or collapsing.
Scaffold casters and wheels shall be locked to prevent movement of the scaffold while the scaffold is
used in s stationary manner.
Height to base ration during movement is 2 to 1 unless designed and constructed to exceed this
recognized stability.
Platforms shall not extend out beyond the base supports of the scaffold unless outriggers are used.
Caster wheels shall be pinned or otherwise secured in scaffold legs or adjustment screws.
Aerial Lifts
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Types of vehicle mounted aerial devices to elevate personnel to job sites above ground include
extensible boom platforms, aerial ladders, articulatiry boom platforms, and vertical towers.
Lift controls shall be tested each day prior to use to determine that such controls are in safe working
condition.
Always stand firmly on the floor of the basket, no sitting or climbing on the edge of the basket.
Use of planks, ladders or other devices to increase working height is prohibited.
Fall arrest harnesses or fall restraint harnesses must be work in aerial lifts unless excluded by
manufacturers recommendation.
Aerial platforms shall not be moved while in a working position except for equipment which is
specifically designed for this type of operation.
Boom and basket loads shall not be exceeded.
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STAIRWAYS AND LADDERS
SAFETY PROGRAM
General
The purpose of this written policy is to ensure the safe and proper use of stairways and ladders. Stairways
and ladders can be a major source of injuries in the construction industry. There will be a competent
person at each jobsite responsible for stairway and ladder safety. The person may be the superintendent,
foreman or lead subcontractor depending on the size of job.
General Safety Measures for Stairways
Stairways that will not be a permanent part of the structure should have landings at least 30 inches deep
and 22 inches wide at every 12 feet or less of vertical rise.
Stairways should be installed at least 30 degrees, and no more than 50 degrees, from horizontal.
Variations in riser height or stair tread depth should not exceed 1/4 inch in any stairway.
Where doors or gates open directly onto a stairway, a platform should be provided that extends at least 20
inches beyond the swing of the door.
Metal pan landings and metal pan treads should be secured in place before filling. Metal pan stairs will
not be used unless filled with concrete or wood.
All stairway parts should be free of dangerous projections such as protruding nails.
Slippery conditions on stairways should be corrected before the stairs are used.
General Safety Measures for Stair Rails and Handrails
Stairways having four or more risers, or rising more than 30 inches should have at least one handrail. A
stair rail should also be installed along each unprotected side or edge. When the top edge of a stair rail
system also serves as a handrail, the height of the top edge should not be more than 37 inches, or less than
36 inches from the upper surface of the stair rail to the surface of the tread.
Stair rails should not be less than 36 inches in height.
Midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate structural members, or equivalent intermediate structural members
shall be placed between the top rail and stairway steps.
o
Midrails should be located midway between the top of the stair rail and the stairway steps.
o
Screens or mesh, when used, should extend from the top rail to the stairway step, and along the
opening between top rail supports.
Handrails and top rails should be capable of withstanding at least 200 pounds of weight applied within 2
inches of the top edge in any downward or outward direction.
The height of handrails should not be more than 37 inches or less than 30 inches from the upper surface of
the handrail to the surface of the tread.
Stair rail systems and handrails should be surfaced to prevent injuries.
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Handrails should provide an adequate handhold.
The ends of stairwell systems and handrails should be constructed to prevent dangerous projections, such
as rails, protruding beyond the end posts of the system.
Temporary handrails should have a minimum clearance of 3 inches between the handrail and walls, and
other objects.
Unprotected sides and edges of stairway landings should be protected with standard 42-inch guardrails.
Ladders
The improper use of ladders can lead to serious accidents. A study of ladder accidents showed that the
four principle causes of such accidents are (1) ascending or descending improperly, (2) failure to secure
the ladder at the top and bottom, (3) structural failure of the ladder itself, and (4) carrying objects in hands
while ascending or descending. Great care should be used in choosing the appropriate ladder for the job
and in properly maintaining all ladders used on the jobsite.
Ladder Construction
Fiberglass - Inspect for split rails, bent or broken braces, and steps damaged in any way.
Wood - Inspect wood ladders periodically for damage and deterioration. Close visual inspection is
suggested. Do not “load test” the ladder by jumping on it since doing so can weaken or damage it.
Metal - Periodic inspection of metal ladders is suggested. Check all parts for wear, corrosion, and
structural failure.
Carefully inspect ladders of all types if accidentally dropped or otherwise subjected to possible damage.
Repair or destroy defective ladders.
Maintenance
Fiberglass - Do not drop ladders or drop heavy, sharp objects onto them.
Wood - Periodically treat wood ladders with a clear preservative such as varnish or shellac. Do not paint
ladders. Paint covers structural defects. Carefully check all metal fittings on wood ladders.
Metal - Clean rungs to prevent accumulation of materials that might cause slips. Carefully check metal
fittings.
When not in use, store all types of ladders under suitable cover to protect them from the weather. Support
ladders stored horizontally at both ends and at intermediate points to prevent the middle section from
sagging. Sagging can loosen the rungs and warp the rails.
A double-cleated ladder or two or more ladders should be provided for 25 or more workers, or when a
ladder serves simultaneous two-way traffic.
Ladder rungs, cleats, and steps should be parallel, level, and uniformly spaced when the ladder is in
position for use.
Rungs, cleats, and steps of portable and fixed ladders (except as provided below) should not be spaced
less that 10 inches apart, or more than 14 inches apart.
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Rungs, cleats, and steps of step stools should not be less than 8 inches apart, or more than 12 inches
measured from center.
Rungs, cleats, and steps at the base section of extension trestle ladders should not be less than 8 inches or
more than 18 inches apart measures from center. The rung spacing on the extension section should no be
less than 6 inches or more than 12 inches.
Ladders should not be tied or fastened together to create longer sections unless they are designed for such
use.
A metal spreader or locking device should be provided on each stepladder to hold the front and back
sections in an open position.
When splicing side rails, the resulting side rail should be equivalent in strength to a one-piece side rail
made of the same material.
Two or more separate ladders used to reach an elevated work area should be offset with a platform or
landing between the ladders, except when portable ladders are used to gain access to fixed ladders.
Ladder components should be smooth surfaced to prevent injury.
Wood ladders should not be coated with any opaque covering, except for identification or warning labels
which may be placed only on one face of a side rail.
Job Built Ladders
All wood parts should be seasoned, smoothly machined, and dressed on all sides. Fasteners should be
driven their full length and countersunk not more than 1/8 of an inch.
Lumber for side rails should be of the appropriate strength, species, group, and grade.
Cleat board material should be free of as many knots as possible.
Fasteners for constructing job built ladders can include nails, staples, or screws. The fasteners should be
of the appropriate strength for the load.
Job built ladders should be tailored for their intended use.
Single-cleat and double-cleat ladders should not exceed 24 feet in working length.
Ladder width of single-cleat ladders should be between 16 and 20 inches.
The width of double-cleat ladders should be between 18 and 22 inches.
Cleats should be continuous and extend the full width of double-cleat ladders. Cleats should be level and
parallel when positioned for use. The cleats should be spaced evenly between 8 inches and 12 inches from
the tops of the cleats.
For more specific information on constructing job built ladders refer to the American
National Standards Institute’s (ANSI) A 14.4 Safety Requirements For Job-Made Ladders standard.
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General Safety Measures for Use of All Ladders, Including Job Built Ladders
When portable ladders are used, the side rails should extend at least 3 feet above the upper landing
surface. The ladder should be secured at top and bottom.
Ladders should be maintained free of oil, grease, and other slipping hazards.
Ladders should not be loaded beyond the maximum intended load.
Ladders should be used only for the purpose for which they are designed.
Non-self-supporting ladders should be pitched 1 foot out from the support structure for every 4 feet of
ladder height.
Fixed ladders should be attached at 90 degrees perpendicular to the floor or surface.
Ladders should not be used on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet.
Ladders that can be displaced by jobsite activities or traffic should be secured to prevent accidental
movement, or a barricade should be used to keep traffic or activities away from the ladder.
The area around the top and bottom of the ladders should be kept clear.
Ladders should not be moved, shifted, or extended while in use.
Ladders should have nonconductive side rails where exposed to energized electrical sources.
The top or top step of a stepladder should not be used as a step. Cross bracing on the rear section of
stepladders should not be used for climbing.
Ladders should be inspected by a competent person for visible defects on a periodic basis and after any
incident that could affect its safe use.
Single rail ladders should not be used.
When ascending or descending a ladder, the worker should face the ladder.
Each worker should use at least one hand to grasp the ladder when moving up or down the ladder.
Ladders should not be placed in front of doors which open toward the ladder unless the door is safely
locked or otherwise guarded.
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FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM
Purpose:
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to the protection of its employees and subcontractors from onthe-job injuries as a result of being exposed to potential fall hazards on site. The purpose of this plan is to:
•
•
Provide specific safety guidelines designed to prevent exposure to fall hazards.
Ensure that each employee and subcontractor is trained and made aware of the safety provisions
that have been implemented by this plan prior to the start of construction operations.
This written plan is designed to enable our employees and subcontractors to recognize specific jobsite fall
hazards. The plan establishes procedures that are to be followed to prevent falls to lower levels or through
holes and openings in walking/working surfaces. Each one of Hendrick Construction, Inc. employees (on
site) has been trained in these procedures and strictly adheres to them except when doing so would expose
the employee to a greater hazard. If this is the case, the employee shall immediately notify the jobsite
foreman of his concern(s) and corrective action(s) will be addressed before proceeding.
Safety policy and procedure on any one project cannot be administered, implemented, monitored, and
enforced by any one person. Our objective is to maintain a safe, accident-free work environment, which
can only be accomplished by each individual committing to a safe jobsite. Our employees and
subcontractors understand:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Their value to this company
The costs of accidents (monetary, physical, and emotional)
The objectives of our safety program, policies and procedures
The safety rules that apply to this jobsite and our company
Their individual role in providing and maintaining a safe work place through commitment to
safety and compliance with company rules and regulations
This plan provides Hendrick Construction, Inc. with a more personal approach to compliance through
planning, training, understanding and cooperative effort, rather than by strict enforcement. If, for any
reason, an unsafe act persists, strict enforcement will be implemented immediately.
It is the responsibility of all employees and subcontractors to ensure the implementation of this Fall
Protection Plan. The Superintendent is also responsible for inspecting this jobsite periodically and
observing work site operations to ensure that safety policies and procedures are being followed. He/She
is responsible for correcting any unsafe acts or conditions immediately. It is the responsibility of the
employee to understand and adhere to the procedures of this plan. It is everyone’s responsibility to bring
to management’s attention any unsafe or hazardous conditions or acts that may cause injury to either
themselves or any other employees.
Workplace Assessment and Fall Protection System Selection
Each jobsite supervisor/manager must assess the workplace to determine if the walking/working surfaces
on which employees are to work have the strength and structural integrity to safely support workers.
Once the person in charge has determined that the surface is safe for employees to work on, then he or she
must select the appropriate fall protection to eliminate or control exposure to potential fall hazards. The
jobsite superintendent/foreman must anticipate these potential hazards that employees may be exposed to
during the course of their work. This assessment includes:
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Inspecting the area to determine what fall hazards exist during construction operations on the
site. Anticipate the need to work at heights and plan work activities accordingly. Careful
planning and preparation lay the necessary groundwork for an accident-free workplace.
Identifying hazards correctly and selecting appropriate protection measures and equipment.
Anchorage points for personal fall arrest systems should be fabricated or designed into structural
members and perimeter lines installed before those members are lifted into position, when possible.
•
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Give specific and appropriate instructions to prevent exposure to unsafe conditions.
Ensure employees follow procedures given and understand the training that has been
provided.
Identify safety procedures and equipment that has been selected by subcontractors on site.
Provide corresponding information and training to subcontractors where applicable.
Due to the diverse situations arising on the jobsite for fall protection, a sample chart has been
incorporated into this program for reference. This by no means addresses all conditions that will be
encountered and all protective measures will be referenced with OSHA guidelines.
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Ramps, runways, and other walkways
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Guardrails
Excavations
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Guardrail system where leading edges are
not readily seen
Hoist areas
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Guardrail system
Personal fall arrest system
Holes
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Secure cover must be provided
Formwork and reinforcing steel
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Personal fall arrest system
Safety net system
Positioning device system
Leading edge work
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Guardrail system
Safety net system
Personal fall arrest system
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Guardrail systems
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
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Guardrail systems
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
Controlled access zone (CAZ)
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Guardrail system with toeboards
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
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Guardrail systems
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
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Guardrail systems
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
Unprotected sides and edges
Overhand bricklaying and related work
Roofing work – steep slope (> 4 in 12)
Precast concrete erection
Wall openings
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Residential construction
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Guardrail systems
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
Roofing work – low slope
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Guardrail systems
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
Warning line/guardrail
Warning line/safety net
Warning/personal fall arrest system (PFAS
System)
Combo warning line/safety monitoring
Note: On roofs with 50 ft. in width or less,
safety-monitoring systems alone may be
used.
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Other walking and working surfaces
Dangerous equipment
Protection from falling objects
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See specific standard
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Guardrail systems
Safety net systems
Personal fall arrest systems
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Hard hat plus
Toeboards, screens, or guardrails to
prevent objects from falling from higher
levels; or
Canopy structure to keep objects far from
edge of higher level so they would not
accidentally fall; or
Barricade area where objects could fall and
prohibit employees from entering
barricaded area.
•
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* For workers who use a personal fall arrest system as fall protection, prompt rescue services must be
available or they must be able to rescue themselves should a fall occur.
If construction operations include leading edge work, precast concrete erection work, or residential
construction, and conventional fall protection (guardrail systems, safety net systems, personal fall arrest
systems, etc.) is infeasible or creates a greater hazard, this Fall Protection Plan will demonstrate why
conventional means are not feasible and document measures that have been developed and implemented
to protect our employees from exposure to potential fall hazards.
Work Standards
1. If any one of the conditions described in the Workplace Assessment is not met for the area or piece of
equipment posing a potential fall hazard, then do not perform that work until the condition is met. If
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you cannot remedy the condition immediately, notify a supervisor of the problem and utilize a
different piece of equipment or work in a different area, according to the situation.
2. If the situation calls for use of fall protection devices such as a full-body harness and lanyard/lifelines
because the fall hazard cannot be reduced to a safe level, then the employee must don such protective
equipment before beginning the work and use it as intended throughout the duration of the work.
3. All walking/working surfaces must be kept in a clean and, so far as possible, dry condition. Where
wet processes are used, drainage shall be maintained and false floors, platforms, mats, or other dry
standing places should be provided where practicable.
Enforcement
Constant awareness of and respect for fall hazards, and compliance with all safety rules are considered
conditions of employment. The jobsite superintendents, as well as individuals in the Safety and Personnel
Department, reserve the right to issue disciplinary warnings to employees and subcontractors, up to and
including termination, for failure to follow these guidelines.
Accident Investigation
All accidents that result in injury to workers, regardless of their nature, shall be investigated and reported.
It is an integral part of this safety program that documentation take place as soon as possible so that the
cause and means of prevention can be identified to prevent a reoccurrence.
In the event that there is a fall or other serious incident (e.g., a near miss), this plan shall be reviewed to
determine if additional practices, procedures, or training need to be implemented to prevent similar types
of incidents.
Changes to this Plan
This plan will be reviewed by a qualified person, as the job progresses, to determine if additional
practices, procedures or training should be implemented. Workers will also be trained and/or retrained in
any new procedure(s) that are developed in order to maintain a safe jobsite. A copy of this Plan and all
approved changes shall be maintained at the jobsite.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Fall Protection Procedures
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Written Procedures for Fall Protection. I have read and
understood them, and I accept the procedures as a working document which I will support and follow in
my daily work for Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Employee Signature
Date
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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STEEL ERECTION PROGRAM
Purpose:
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to the protection of its employees from on-the-job injuries as a
result of being exposed to potential hazards associated to steel erection activities on site. The purpose of
this plan is to:
•
Provide specific safety guidelines designed to prevent exposure associated with steel erection
activities.
Ensure that each Hendrick Construction, Inc. employee and subcontractor is trained and made
aware of the safety provisions that have been implemented by this plan prior to the start of
construction operations.
•
This plan is based on OSHA’s Steel Erection standard found in 29 CFR, Part 1926, Subpart R. [See a
copy of this standard for specific Safety requirements.]
This written plan will specifically address fall hazards, lifting rigging procedures and overhead work.
A Safety policy and procedures on any one project cannot be administered, implemented, monitored, and
enforced by any one person. Our objective is to maintain a safe, accident-free work environment, which
can only be accomplished by each individual committing to a safe jobsite. Our employees and
subcontractors understand:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Their value to this company
The costs of accidents (monetary, physical, and emotional)
The objectives of our safety program, policies and procedures
The safety rules that apply to this jobsite and our company
Their individual role in providing and maintaining a safe work place through commitment to
safety and compliance with company rules and regulations
This plan provides Hendrick Construction, Inc. with a more personal approach to compliance through
planning, training, understanding and cooperative effort, rather than by strict enforcement. If, for any
reason, an unsafe act persists, strict enforcement will be implemented immediately.
It is the responsibility of all employees and subcontractors to assist in the implementation of this Steel
Erection safety program. The Superintendent is also responsible for inspecting this jobsite periodically
and observing work site operations and to ensure that safety policies and procedures are being followed.
He/She is responsible for correcting any unsafe acts or conditions immediately. It is the responsibility of
the employee and subcontractor to understand and adhere to the procedures of this plan. It is the
responsibility of the employee and subcontractor to bring any unsafe conditions or acts to management’s
attention.
Site layout:
Hendrick Construction, Inc. will inspect and assure that:
•
•
•
•
•
Adequate access roads into and through the site for all equipment and vehicles.
Proper soil compaction will be certified by material testing company.
Proper drainage and level grade for crane setup area
Accessible, adequate space for material storage and safe operation of erector’s equipment
Safe means and methods for construction traffic within the jobsite.
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Site-Specific Erection Plan:
A Site-Specific Erection Plan is required on Hendrick Construction, Inc. jobsites. This erection plan is to
be provided by the steel erection company.
A Site-Specific Erection Plan will include:
•
Safety latches on hooks.
•
Joists (which span more than 60 feet) at or near columns are not being set in tandem with all bridging
installed.
•
Bundles of decking are being placed on steel joists before all bridging has been installed and
anchored and all hoist bearing ends attached. (See 1926.757(e)(4))
Methods for providing alternative worker protection from the above three conditions must be specified.
*The only part of the plan that must be in writing involves operations related to bundles of decking
placed on un-bridged joists.
Guidelines for a site specific plan can be found in 1926 Subpart R Appendix A.
Approvals to begin steel erection:
Tentative steel erection to begin on (Date) _______________.
•
•
•
Extra concrete cylinders are to be used to break on the third (3rd) day to test for 75% of the intended
minimum compressive design strength. Responsible party, Material Testing Company.
Written notification is to be issued by Hendrick Construction, Inc. to Steel Erection Company stating
that masonry footings, piers and walls has passed 75% strength tests and that any repairs,
replacements and modifications to the anchor bolts have been approved by the structural engineer of
records. (See attachment A-“Notification to Commence Steel Erection”) (In the event that the
concrete strength test is not achieved on the third day after concrete samples have been obtained,
testing will resume on the seventh day.)
Commencement of steel erection to begin after proper documentation has been issued.
Hoisting and Rigging:
Hoisting operations during steel erection will be preplanned and submitted to Hendrick Construction, Inc.
by Steel Erection Company. (See attachment B-“Lift Plan”).
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A Competent Person and A Qualified Rigger representing the Steel Erection Company will conduct a
preshift visual inspection of the crane and rigging equipment, ground conditions around the crane area
for proper support, leveling, and any ground water accumulation. (See Attachment B-“Lift Plan”).
A certification that this preshift visual inspection was done shall be available at the jobsite.
Routes of access for all other trades and employees will be coordinated between Hendrick
Construction, Inc. and the Steel Erection Company to eliminate working and traversing under
suspended loads.
The Crane Operator will be responsible for operations under their control and have the authority to
stop and refuse to handle loads until safety has been assured. The operator must calculate the
heaviest anticipated load before starting work.
No bundle packaging and strapping will be utilized for lifting of material unless marked by the
manufacturer with approval.
Hoisting of personnel will only be allowed provided that all provisions of 1926.550 are met except for
1926.550(g)(2).
Multiple-lift rigging (Christmas Treeing) is permitted as long as the requirements under 1926.753(e)
are followed. Maximum of 5 like pieces of steel is allowable rigged 7 feet apart.
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Structural Steel Assembly:
•
•
At no time will there be more than eight stories between the erection floor and the upper-most
permanent floor.
At no time will there be more than four floors or 48 feet, whichever less of unfinished bolting or
welding above the foundation or uppermost permanent floor.
Erecting Solid Web Members:
•
•
•
•
•
•
All columns will be anchored by a minimum of 4 anchor bolts.
Ladders are to be used on columns.
Solid web beams will not be released from hoisting line until the members are secured with at least 2
bolts per connections (2 on each end) and drawn up wrench tight.
Solid web members used as diagonal bracing will be secured with at least 1 bolt per connection (1 on
each end) and drawn up wrench tight.
Double connections will be performed using a “clipped end connections” or “staggered connection
plate system” that maintains at least 1-bolt and nut wrench tight at common connection points. A
“seat” system is also allowable provided it is bolted or welded to both the supporting member and the
first member before the nuts on the shared bolts are removed to make the connection
Perimeter columns will extend 48 inches above the finish floor and have holes pre-pressed at 42
inches and 21 inches above the finished floor to permit the installation of perimeter safety cables. If
constructability does not allow this method an alternative method for fall protection or attachment of
perimeter cables will be utilized.
Erecting Open Web Steel Joists:
The Steel Erection Company will be familiar with the Steel Joist Institute and OSHA requirements for the
safe installation of steel joists and provide erection drawings and explain the joist pattern if requested to
do so. The Steel Erection Company will assure the following requirements are met:
•
All Open Web Steel Joists that cross a column that is not framed in at least two directions with solid
web members will be field-bolted at the column using a vertical stabilizer plate which meets the
specifications found in 1926.757(a)(1).
•
Hoisting cables will not be released until the seat at each end of the steel joist is field-bolted and the
joist stabilized.
•
All steel joists at or near columns that span more than 60 feet shall be set in tandem with all bridging
installed or equivalent method identified by the Steel Erection Company’s Competent Person for
stability.
•
Steel joists and joist girders will not be utilized as anchorage points for a fall arrest system.
•
A terminus point shall be established and each type identified before bridging is installed. (See
Appendix C of Subpart R-Steel Erection).
Attachment of steel joists and steel joist girders:
•
•
•
Ends of all “K” series steel joists and girders will be attached to the support structure using a two 1/8
-inch fillet welds 1-inch long or with two ½ inch bolts.
Ends of all ‘LH” and “DLH” series steel joists and girders will be attached to support structures
using two ¼ inch fillet welds 2-inches long or two 3/4 -inch bolts.
Except for placing of panels, each steel joist will be attached at least at one end on both sides of a
seat, immediately upon placement in the final erection position and before additional joists are
placed.
Erection of steel joists:
•
Erectors will follow specifications for 1926.757(c) and related standard tables A & B for bridging
requirements.
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•
•
•
All steel joists that do not require erection bridging under Tables A & B, only one employee is
allowed on the joist until all bridging has been installed and anchored.
Employees will not be allowed on steel joists where the span of the joist is equal or greater than the
span shown in Tables A & B.
Any joist specified in Tables A & B that is a bottom chord-bearing joist; a row of bolted diagonal
bridging will be installed and anchored before the hoisting cables are released.
Joists with a span equal to or greater than the spans in tables A & B:
•
A row of bolted diagonal erection bridging will be installed near the midspan of the joists.
•
Hoisting cables will not be released until the bolting is installed and anchored.
•
Only one employee will be on these spans until all other bridging is installed and anchored.
Joist spans between 60-100 feet:
•
All rows of bridging will be bolted diagonal bridging
•
Two rows of bolted diagonal erection bridging will be installed near the third points of the joists.
•
Hosting cables will not be released until bridging is installed and anchored.
•
No more than two employees will be allowed on these spans until all bridging is installed and
anchored.
Joist spans between 100-144 feet:
•
All rows of bridging will be bolted diagonal bridging
•
Hosting cables will not be released until bridging is installed and anchored.
•
No more than two employees will be allowed on these spans until all bridging is installed and
anchored.
Joist spans greater than 144 feet:
•
Erection should be in accordance with specifications found in 1926.756.
Bolted Diagonal Erection Bridging (When required by 1926.757(d)):
•
•
•
•
•
All bridging will be indicated on the erection drawing
The drawing will determine the proper placement of the bridging
Shop-installed bridging clips, or equivalents will be used where bridging bolts to the joists
Proper double connection methods will be utilized when needed
Bridging attachments will not protrude above the top chord of the joist.
Landing and Placing Decking:
•
•
No loads will be allowed on the steel joists until all bridging is installed and anchored and all joistbearing ends are attached.
Decking must be secured against displacement immediately unless a “Controlled Decking Zone” is
established, in which at no time will there be more than 3000 sq. ft. laid out unsecured.
Falling Object Protection:
•
•
•
During any steel erection, the Steel Erection company will assure the immediate area below the work
will be limited to connectors and riggers and provide site perimeter protection on the ground to warn
of overhead activities in progress.
During metal decking installation the Steel Erection company will establish a roped-off barrier on
the lower level to deter workers from entering.
The Steel Erection company will assure all materials, equipment and tools, which are not in use,
while aloft, will be secured against accidental displacement.
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Fall Protection:
The Steel Erection company will provide an updated list of employees that are designated and trained as
“Connectors” and “Deckers” to Hendrick Construction, Inc. This list will be kept at the jobsite.
•
Trained connectors and workers working in a CDZ must use a fall protection system above 15’.
(This is above OSHA minimums).
•
Workers other than connectors and CDZ workers must have fall protection with unprotected sides or
edge more than 15’ and access to CDZ will be limited to those performing leading edge work and
trained in leading edge work. (This is above OSHA minimums).
A controlling contractor can go beyond the minimum OSHA standards even further and require 100% fall
protection or implement the”6-foot rule” for steel erection operations.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Static lines will be placed from column-to-column to provide a tie-off point.
Perimeter cables will be installed immediately after metal decking is in place.
All boundaries of the CDZ will be clearly marked and limited to 90 feet wide and 90 feet deep.
Unsecured decking will not exceed 3,000 square feet.
Only safety deck attachments will be made in CDZ. Final deck attachments and installation of shear
connectors will not be performed in CDZ. These operations will be performed after the perimeter
cables are secured.
Perimeter safety cables will be installed on all levels by the Steel Erection company and meet the
criteria for guardrail systems found in 1926.502.
The Steel Erection company will flag the decks “safe” before other trades gain access.
Perimeter cable will remain in the area where steel erection activity has been completed, to be used
by other trades only when:
o Hendrick Construction, Inc. has inspected and accepted control and responsibility of the system
prior to authorizing other trades to work in the area.
Walking/Working Surfaces:
•
•
•
•
Shear connectors will not be laid out and installed until after the decking has been installed using the
deck as a work platform.
Roof and floor opening will be covered, secured and labeled “Hole” during the decking process.
Protection must be made around columns to protect against falls and workers below.
All extension cords are to be hung overhead where feasible.
Walking/Working Surfaces for Bridge Work:
Shop-installed shear connectors can be utilized on bridge girders as opposed to field installed shear
connectors if an employer requires that all workers, including those engaged in connecting and in decking
(as well as deckers in a CDZ), be protected from falls by conventional fall protection, then the failure to
meet the requirements of §1926.754(c)(1) would be considered de minimis and no citation would be
issued.
Systems-engineered metal buildings:
When constructing a systems-engineered metal building, the on-site steel erection company will assure to
conform to the following requirements:
•
Shear connectors will not be laid out and installed until after the decking has been installed using the
deck as a work platform.
•
All of the requirements of this subpart apply to the erection of systems-engineered metal buildings
except §§1926.755 (column anchorage) and 1926.757 (open web steel joists).
•
Rigid frames shall have 50 percent of their bolts or the number of bolts specified by the
manufacturer (whichever is greater) installed and tightened on both sides of the web adjacent to each
flange before the hoisting equipment is released.
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•
•
•
•
In girt and eave strut-to-frame connections, when girts or eave struts share common connection
holes, at least one bolt with its wrench-tight nut shall remain connected to the first member unless a
manufacturer-supplied, field-attached seat or similar connection device is present to secure the first
member so that the girt or eave strut is always secured against displacement.
Purlins and girts shall not be used as an anchorage point for a fall arrest system unless written
approval is obtained from a qualified person.
Purlins may only be used as a walking/working surface when installing safety systems, after all
permanent bridging has been installed and fall protection is provided.
Construction loads may be placed only within a zone that is within 8 feet of the center-line of the
primary support member.
Training:
•
•
•
•
Hendrick Construction, Inc. will assure all on-site steel erection company’s employees have been
trained on all associated hazards. HCI will collect all documentation of training before steel erection
work is performed. (See attachment C-“Documentation of Employee Training and Designated
Responsibilities”)
The steel erection company will conduct required training of employees for steel erection operations.
Proof of training will consist of the following as it relates to fall protection:
o Training in the recognition and identification of fall hazards in the work area.
o Use and operation of guardrail systems (and perimeter cable), personal fall arrest systems,
positioning device systems, fall restraint systems, safety net systems, and any other means of fall
protection including aerial lift training.
o Correct procedures for erecting, maintaining, disassembling and inspecting the fall protection
systems.
o Procedures to be followed related to floor openings and holes.
Training related to specific tasks:
o Multiple lift rigging procedures and hazards associated with such lifts.
o Connector procedures that identifies proper techniques and the associated hazards with such
work.
o Controlled Decking Zone Procedures (CDZ) proper installation techniques, work practices and
the hazards associated with such work.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Steel Erection Procedures
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Written Procedures for Steel Erection Operations. I have
read and understood them, and I accept the procedures as a working document, which I will support and
follow in my daily work for Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Employee Signature
Date
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
Steel Erection Company’s Representative
Date
Steel Erection Company’s Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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Attachment A
Notification to Commence Steel Erection
Project:
__________________________
Location:
__________________________
Controlling Contractor:
__________________________
Steel Erection Contractor:
__________________________
Testing Subcontractor:
__________________________
This is to confirm that the Steel Erection Contractor has received written notification from the Controlling
Contractor for the following:
The concrete in the footings, piers and walls and the mortar in the masonry piers and walls has
attained, on the basis of an appropriate ASTM standard test method of field-cured samples, either
75 percent of the intended minimum compressive design strength or sufficient strength to support
the loads imposed during steel erection. (The test results may be provided by the subcontractor
hired to perform the tests – see attached.)
Any repairs, replacements and modifications to the anchor bolts were conducted in accordance
with OSHA § 1926.755(b).
If you are in agreement, please sign the enclosed copy of this letter.
NO STEEL ERECTION will be permitted until this transmittal has been signed by both parties. This is
for the protection of ALL parties.
Controlling Contractor/Date
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Steel Erector Contractor/Date
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Attachment B
“Lift Plan”
A lift plan is required for each and every crane setup. This plan must be submitted at least 48 hours
prior to mobilization.
The plan should be based on “worst case” combination of load weight and lift radius for a specific
crane configuration in a specific location
The Lift Plan may be valid for more than one day, as long as the configuration, location, maximum
expected load and maximum expected radius do not change
Date:
Contractor/ Rigging Company:
Responsible Person/Contact:
Crane Company:
Responsible Person/Contact:
Project
1. Crane Information
Make
Size (Capacity In Tons)
Type
Hydraulic
Lift Location
Model
Friction
Boom Length
S/N
Lattice
Truck
Jib Used?
Yes
No
Load Line # of Parts:
Lift Block Capacity:
Will outriggers be fully extended? If not, please explain:
Rough
Terrain
Length
All Terrain
Crawler
Offset, if Used
Will Lift Plan be based on 360° chart? If not, please explain:
Will this plan require more than one crane, either for a dual-lift or for material handling? Please explain:
Will crane(s) need to “walk” with loads? If so, please explain:
For a dual-lift, an engineered composite Lift Plan (all figures, calculations, and drawings for both cranes on the same
Lift Plan) must be completed. For multiple cranes to be used on the same project, please complete a separate lift plan
for each crane, to be submitted together.
2. Load Characteristics
Will this plan cover more than one pick?
Description of Load(s)
Dimensions of Max Load. Provide information on both the HEAVIEST and the LARGEST volume load:
Weight of Max Load
How was this determined? Please insert or attach calculations.
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Location of load Center of Gravity:
How was this determined?
Maximum Boom Length Required
Minimum Boom Angle Required
Maximum Radius Required
Will any load be upended? If so, please explain WHY and HOW (multi-drum, dual crane, lift/block/lift, etc.):
3. Rigging Information:
List Rigging Components Please be specific – number, type, size, length, capacity, differing pick configurations.
Minimum Capacity Component (describe, and show capacity):
Worst Case Weight of All Rigging:
Will a Lifting Beam or other similar component be used? Please provide capacity, PE certification, and drawing.
Other Weights to be Considered to Determine Gross Load:
Max Load:
Rigging:
Jib:
Jib Hook:
Hook Block:
Load Line:
Other:
Maximum Gross Load:
4. Crane Location/Clearances
a. Provide a to-scale plot plan showing crane location, adjacent buildings, piperacks, and other significant obstructions
within load swing radius. Indicate direction and span of swing.
b. Provide a to-scale elevation depicting crane, adjacent structures, and load
c. What is the horizontal distance from the crane center pin to the nearest structure?
d. What is the minimum clearance from boom to highest point of structure during a pick?
e. What is the minimum clearance from load to highest point of structure during a pick?
f. What is the minimum distance from boom to load during a pick?
g. Will the load or any part of the crane be over any active piping, tanks, or equipment during a pick? Please explain:
h. Have underground site utilities been identified and located?
i. Will outriggers be located over underground utilities? If so, please explain protective measures to be taken:
j. Describe signaling procedure – who will be responsible for signaling? Will hand or radio signals be used?
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5. Summary “Worst Case Lift Scenario”
Max Radius
Min Boom Angle
Max Gross Load
Max Chart Capacity
% of Capacity
Max Gross Load/Max Capacity
6. Attachments Provided (All must be checked):
Plot Plan w/Crane
Location
Elevation Plan
Load Calculations
Rigging Lists
Crane Charts
Be sure you have considered the following:
The Following Items are in the Crane Cab:
Hand Signal Chart
Fire Extinguisher
Operators Manual
State Crane
Registration
Complete Load
Capacity Charts
with Notes
All other required
paperwork,
equipment
3rd Party
Inspection Report
Completed Daily
Inspection Sheet, last three
Monthly Inspection Reports
Wedge
Socket/Becket
Properly Installed
No broken or
fogged glass
Backup alarm
working
All warning placards in
place
Chains and chain
slings have
capacity tags
Bracing/
Temporary
Supports Available
for Use (will loads
need to be secured
during
demolition?)
All hooks
inspected for wear
and deformation
Check the Following:
Anti-two Block
Operational
Overhaul Ball
Capacity Marked
Boom Angle
Indicator Functioning
Properly
Boom High Limit
Functioning
Properly
(lattice boom)
All wire rope
inspected
Slings and Rigging
Inspected
Dunnage/Blocking
Available to Secure
Loads
Demolition Plan
Submitted and
Reviewed (if
applicable)
Boom light/beacon
if boom is higher
than 200’
Safety Latches in Place
Be prepared to confirm the following additional items:
Crane
Configuration in
Compliance with
Lift Plan
Outrigger Floats
& Dunnage
Installed
(Minimum
3’X3’x4”)
Size:
Copy of the
Demolition Plan
in the Cab of
Crane (if
applicable)
Maximum Radius
Confirmed
(MEASURED)
Without Load
Outriggers Fully
Extended
Position:
Computer Set at:
Lift Plan and Crane
Permit in Cab of
Crane
Maximum Load
Confirmed Prior to
Achieving
Maximum Radius
Lift Area and
Equipment
Inspected
All Pick Points
Vertically Above
Load Center of
Gravity (NO SIDE
LOADS)
Counterweight
Swing Radius
Barricaded
Taglines to be Used
Load Swing Radius
Barricaded
Lift Plan and Crane
Permit Reviewed
with Erection or
Demolition Crew
In addition to this plan, a Daily Crane Use Permit will be required EVERY DAY, prior to any pick. A
new Daily Crane Use Permit will be required after every setup required by this Lift Plan.
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A copy of the Daily Crane Use Permit is attached for your reference.
Non-compliance with any part of this plan or the Daily Crane Use Permit will be grounds for
immediate cessation of work and possible permanent removal from the site.
ALL sections MUST be filled out before ANY crane may be brought to its work location.
Contractor/Rigger and Operator are Responsible for the Accuracy of all Calculations and Inspections.
CM Review is to Ensure Completion of Form ONLY. Use Attachments for Continuations/Explanations. Please
Reference Section Number.
Signatures
Crane Company
Responsible Person
Name:
Contractor/Rigger
Responsible Person
Signature:
Name:
Signature:
Phone #
Phone #
CM Project Rep
CM Safety Rep
Signature
Signature
Submit this Completed form to your CM Representative 48 hours prior to any crane delivery.
Thank you for your cooperation.
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Attachment C
Documentation of Employee Training and Designated Responsibilities
The following people have been trained in associated hazards and safety procedures as it relates to the
work they perform during Steel Erecting:
Qualified Rigger
______________________________________
Competent Person
______________________________________
Crane Operator
______________________________________
List of employees and training dates:
*Reminder – All employees must be trained in the associated hazards of steel erection activities, which
includes various fall protection systems.
Connectors, Deckers working in CDZ and Multi-Lift Riggers must have received special training before
engaging in such activities.
Employee’s Name
Job title (Connector, Decker, Rigger, etc.)
Date Trained
Name of Individual that performed the Training: ________________________________________
Steel Erection Company Representative: ______________________________________________
Signature
Page 77 of 130
Date
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Steel Erection Responsibilities
Line of Communication
Controlling Contractor
Provide proper access road,laydown area,
crane setup
Work with Erector to locate all potential overhead exposures
Identify competent/qualified person
Gather load weights/Identify critical lifts with erector
Approval to Begin Steel Erection
•CC Provide written notification to SE of ASTM concrete
test (75% intended strength).
•CC Provide written notification and P.E. approval to SE
of repairs, replacements or modifications to anchor bolts.
CC= Controlling Contractor
SE= Steel Erector
ASTM= Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength
SSEP= Site Specific Erection Plan
MLRP= Multiple Lift Rigging Procedure
Before Erecting
Begins
Develop Construction Sequence Plan with Erector
Steel Erector
Provide copy of lift procedures (Multiple?)
Identify competent person, qualified rigger, crane operator
Site Specific Steel Erection Plan
Determine if any double connections will be
made and assure proper assembly
Obtain copy of blueprints/design criteria.
Record the name of P.E.
Determine if open webjoist are being used
Develop SSEP with Erector when required
Identify Qualified Rigger/Competent Person
Identify competent person
Assure Crane documents are kept:
Inspections-Daily and Annual
Crane & Rigging
Documents
Make sure rigging certification tag is in
place when required
Pre-shift inspections of rigging and crane
Assure Rigging Equipment inspections
Hoisting & Rigging
Develop with Erector Preplanned lifting routes
Overhead Protection
Follow overhead hoisting route and Identify critical lifts
Documented training of employees in safety issues
related to steel erection work including:
MLRP, Connectors, CDZP
Identify when and what types of fall
protection and falling object protection will be utilized
Obtain training documentation on erector
including:MLRP, Connectors, CDZP
Inspect and document perimeter line before
taking custody of fall protection
Page 78 of 130
Follow Sequencing, SSEP and MLRP if required
Safety Program
NOTE: Unless designated by contractual agreement
Trigger heights for fall Protection:
Connector & Deckers between 15’-30’,
Install perimeter cables as soon as decking is completed
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CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
SAFETY PROGRAM
General - Materials
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to the protection of its employees and subcontractors from on the
job injuries as a result of being exposed to potential hazards associated with concrete construction.
Forms
Form lumber and supports should be selected after careful consideration of loading factors, including
spans, setting temperature, rate of pour, and working loads that will be supported. Good housekeeping is
important in preventing injuries caused by falling objects, nails, and splinters. Stripped form material
should be cleaned and neatly stacked after removing nails.
Workers constructing forms or placing reinforcing steel where there is a fall hazard should be protected
by appropriate fall protection methods.
Shoring
Shoring equipment should be inspected prior to erection to ensure that the equipment meets the
requirements specified in the formwork drawings.
Shoring equipment found to be damaged should not be used.
Erected shoring equipment should be inspected immediately prior to, during, and immediately after
concrete placement.
Shoring equipment that is found to be damaged or weakened after erection should be reinforced
immediately.
Removal of Forms and Shoring
Forms should not be removed prematurely. Concrete should be properly set. Tests on job cured test
cylinders will ensure that concrete is strong enough to carry the load. Job specifications and local building
codes should be observed before removing forms.
Only workers actually engaged in form stripping should be allowed in the area during these operations.
Hard hats, gloves, and heavy soled safety shoes should be worn.
When cutting tie wires under tension, care should be taken to prevent backlash. Eye and face protection
should be used.
Spouting
Where towers and chutes are used, they should be carefully installed by well trained and experienced
workers. Such installations should be inspected regularly and kept in good repair.
The main cable supporting concrete chutes should not be fastened to the tower.
Spouts should be guyed to prevent swaying in the wind.
Areas below spouts should be barricaded to keep people out of the areas where they could be injured by
falling concrete.
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Cranes and Buckets
Concrete buckets positioned by crane or overhead cableway should be suspended from deep-throated
hooks, equipped with a swivel and safety latch. Buckets swung from cranes are often out of sight of the
crane operator. A signaler should be posted in clear view of the receiving area and the crane operator.
Runways
Runways should be of sturdy construction, evenly supported, and should have a smooth running surface
wide enough to accommodate concrete buggies.
Centering directly under runways should have extra supports. Where necessary, runways should have
railings high enough on the open sides to protect workers.
Runways should be kept free of ice, snow, grease, mud, and other slipping hazards.
MIXERS AND PAVERS
All gears, chains, and rollers of mixers should be guarded. If the mixer has a charging skip, operators
should ensure that workers are out of danger before the skip is lowered. Skips should be guarded by pipe
railings on the side to prevent workers from walking under it while it is being lowered. These guards
should never be removed while the paver is in use and should always be kept in good condition.
Pavers should be equipped with a loud warning bell, which should be used when the paver is moved
ahead or when the bucket is run out among the workers.
The paver skip worker should be active and alert. A signaler should be assigned to warn workers on the
subgrade when a truck is backing into the skip, and should signal the truck driver when all workers are
clear. The signaler should be stationed on the driver’s side and to the rear of the vehicle. Truck drivers
should be instructed to back their trucks only when signaled to do so. Backing lanes should be carefully
planned and kept free of equipment, material, and debris. When cleaning inside the drums, use
appropriate lockout/tagout procedures.
Ready Mix Trucks
Backing operations should be controlled by a signaler positioned behind the truck and clearly visible to
the truck driver. A smooth surface should be provided and movement of workers and job equipment
should be routed to avoid crossing the truck lane. Provide adequate pathway for truck maneuvering.
Concrete Buggies
Buggies should be kept clean and material should not be allowed to collect on the inside. Stop cleats
should be used at all places where buggies are dumping materials.
Handles of buggies should not extend beyond wheels on either side. Where possible, knuckle guards on
buggy handles should be used.
If trucks are unloading into concrete buggies, buggies should be routed in a continuous loop to minimize
the danger of collision. If a single runway is used, turnouts should be provided.
Lift Slab
Lift slab operations should be designed and planned by a registered professional engineer. Plans and
designs should be implemented by the employer and should include detailed instructions and sketches
indicating the prescribed method of erection. These plans and designs should also include provisions for
ensuring lateral stability of the building or structure during construction.
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Jacks/lifting units should be marked to indicate their rated capacity as established by the manufacturer.
Jacks/lifting units should not be loaded beyond their rated capacity.
Jacking equipment should be capable of supporting at least 2 1/2 times the load being lifted during
jacking operations and the equipment should not be overloaded.
Jacks/lifting units should be designed and installed so that they will neither lift nor continue to lift when
they are loaded in excess of their rated capacity.
Jacks/lifting units should have a safety device installed that will cause the jacks/lifting units to support the
load in any position in the event any jack/lifting unit malfunctions.
Jack operations should be synchronized to ensure even and uniform lifting of the slab. During lifting, all
points at which the slab is supported should be kept within 1/2 inch of that needed to maintain the slab in
a level position.
If leveling is automatically controlled, a device should be installed that will stop the operation when 1/2
inch tolerance is exceeded or where there is a malfunction in the jacking lifting system.
If leveling is maintained by manual controls, the controls should be located in a central location and
attended by a competent person while lifting is in progress. The competent person should be experienced
in the lifting operation and with the lifting equipment being used.
The maximum number of manually controlled jacks/lifting units on one slab should be
limited to a number that will permit the operator to maintain the slab level within 1/2
inch, but in no case should that number exceed 14.
Workers not essential to the jacking operation, should not be permitted in the building or structure while
any jacking operation is taking place unless the building or structure has been reinforced.
Workers not essential to the jacking operation should not be permitted beneath a slab while it is being
lifted.
When making temporary connections to support slabs, wedges should be secured. Lifting rods should not
be released until the wedges at that column have been secured.
All welding on temporary and permanent connections should be performed by a certified welder familiar
with the welding requirements.
Load transfer from jacks/lifting units to building columns should not be executed until the welds on the
column shear plates (weld blocks) are cooled to air temperature.
Jacks/lifting units should be secured to building columns.
Equipment should be designed and installed so that the lifting rods cannot slip out of position.
Precast Concrete
Precast concrete wall units, structural framing, and tilt-up wall panes should be adequately
supported.
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Lifting inserts which are embedded or otherwise attached to tilt-up precast concrete members should be
capable of supporting at least 2 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to them.
Lifting inserts which are embedded or otherwise attached to precast concrete members other than the tiltup members should be capable of supporting at least 4 times the maximum intended load applied or
transmitted to them.
Lifting hardware should be capable of supporting at least 5 times the maximum intended load applied or
transmitted to the lifting hardware.
Workers should not be permitted under precast concrete members being lifted or tilted into position
except those workers required for the erection of those members.
Slip Forms
Hydraulic, pneumatic, and mechanical lifting devices should be uniformly spaced and securely anchored.
Lifting devised should be provided with automatic holding devices to protect against hazardous situations
due to failure of the power supply or lifting mechanism.
Forms should not be moved until the concrete is cured. The need for quick production should not prompt
premature removal of forms.
Lifting should proceed steadily and uniformly to avoid overloading at any given lift point. Forms should
be locked in position by some mechanical link or stop and not by the lifting device itself.
Workers placing reinforcing materials should be provided with adequate fall protection.
Prestressed Concrete
Prestressed concrete operations should be designed by qualified engineers. This is a specialized type of
construction which requires special training for workers. In addition to the precautionary measures
necessary on any job site, remember that a prestressed concrete steel strand under tension contains a
tremendous amount of energy.
Generally, the strands and bars are made of high-carbon steel which makes them very susceptible to
mechanical damage. A nick or kink can cause failure when tensioned. When moving the reels, the strands
should be protected as much as possible. Lifting and handling equipment should be attached to the flanges
or through the center hole of the reel.
Cutting of strands should be done with a portable strand cutter designed for the purpose. Sharp edges,
welding operations, and exposure to environmental elements can waken strands. Use appropriate
precautions to prevent strand damage.
When curing by steam, hot water, or hot oil, bum hazards are always present. All piping should be
maintained in good condition. Where possible, piping should be totally enclosed. If piping is exposed to
the work area, it should be well insulated. Workers should not be permitted to step or climb on any pipe.
A common method of stressing is by means of hydraulic jacking. The operator should strictly adhere to
the manufacturer’s recommendations on the use of jacks.
All hose, hose connections, and valves should be checked daily for defects. Extreme care should be taken
to prevent damage to strands when they are pulled into the bed with a tugger hoist or similar equipment.
The wedge type temporary anchor or grip used for holding strands under load should be handled in
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accordance with the instructions issued by the manufacturer. Grips and strands should be perfectly clean.
A nonflammable solvent should be used for cleaning the grips.
Strands and bars should not be stressed beyond manufacturer’s recommendations.
Reinforcing steel is normally placed in the bed after stressing. To minimize the exposure to workers
inside the bed as much steel an possible should be fabricated into mats outside the bed and set into place
with hoisting equipment.
Electric vibrators should be moisture proof and properly guarded. Detensioning of the strands in a
member should be done gradually and smoothly.
Stripping forms and handling the finished members should be done with the appropriate equipment.
Material hoists should be carefully inspected.
Heaters used for cold weather concrete mixing operations should be checked regularly.
Masonry Construction
A limited access zone should be established when a masonry wall is being constructed.
The limited access zone should be established prior to the start of construction of the wall.
The limited access zone should be equal to the height of the wall to be constructed plus 4 feet, and should
run the entire length of the wall.
The limited access zone should be established on the side of the wall without scaffolding.
The limited access zone should be restricted to entry by workers actively engaged in constructing the
wall. No other workers should be permitted to enter the zone.
The limited access zone should remain in place until the wall is adequately supported.
All masonry walls over 8 feet in height should be adequately braced unless the wall is supported by other
means. The bracing should remain in place until permanent supporting elements of the structure are in
place.
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CRANE OPERATIONS
AND MATERIAL LIFTING PROGRAM
PURPOSE:
This policy establishes consistent requirements for all crane operations on Hendrick Construction, Inc.
jobsites. This policy includes pre-construction lift procedures, pre-lift and critical lift requirements for all
loads and the required documentation.
DEFINITIONS ANSI B30.5. 1989 - American National Standards Institute: Standard for Mobile and
Crane Locomotive Cranes.
Critical Lift - A lift in which the gross load exceeds 75% of the cranes rated capacity at the desired
working radius according to the manufacturers load chart. Also included will be lifts of any size around
energized power lines.
Critical Lift Checklist - A detailed description of all aspects of a critical lift. This form is to be
completed prior to all lifts defined as critical, signed by the appropriate persons and filed with the Safety
Department upon completion of the lift. This form is to be completed each time a critical lift is made,
daily or more often as necessary.
Dynamic Loading - Loads introduced to the crane or it’s components due to accelerating and
decelerating forces.
Gross Load Weight - The total weight of the object and all rigging being lifted.
Pre-Lift Requirement - The required elements to prepare and plan for any lift by any crane on. any
jobsite. These requirements include:
1.
2.
3.
4.
All crane inspections conducted and up-to-date (daily, monthly, yearly)
Proper rigging
Load information
Trained and qualified signal person.
Signal Person (Flagman) - An individual knowledgeable in crane operations, located placement and use
of the required hand signals to communicate with crane operator.
RESPONSIBILITY:
The Project Manager shall be responsible for scheduling and conducting the pre-construction lift analysis
meeting with all necessary parties: Crane Superintendent, Rental Company (if applicable), Project
Superintendent, Foreman and any other required parties.
Pre-Construction lift Analysis - The meeting shall be conducted by the Project Manager to determine if
a crane is needed on the project. If a need is foreseen, a determination shall be made concerning the
maximum weight of the loads to be lifted and the approximate radius the crane will operate in. In
addition, any other operations foreseen involving cranes (pile driving, excavation, auguring holes, general
hookwork, handling personnel, pile removal, etc.) shall be listed. This information will be used to
determine what size and type crane will be needed on the jobsite.
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The above analysis will also be used to determine if any “Critical Lifts” may be made on the site. If a
critical lift is foreseen, preliminary plans will be laid out at preconstruction meeting by HCI and in
conjunction with the crane company.
Hendrick Construction, Inc. policy has established that critical lifts include those loads that will exceed
75% of the cranes rated capacity at the estimated working radius. It is our goal to keep critical lifts to a
minimum by over sizing the crane assigned to a jobsite. This shall be done whenever feasible and
practical.
All necessary permit requirements insurance verification and liability issues shall be included in the
discussion.
The Project Superintendent and/or site foreman shall be responsible for pre-lift requirements, critical lift
analysis and completion of the critical lift requirements.
Superintendent Responsibilities
PRE-LIFT REOUIREMENTS - Prior to lifting any load with any crane, the operator (Or Rental
Company) shall first ensure the following criteria has been met:
1.
All crane inspections shall be conducted and up-to-date per OSHA regulations. The operator
is responsible for conducting the daily and monthly inspections. The inspection shall also be
up-to-date with any deficiencies noted
2.
Only qualified operators shall be allowed to operate any crane.
3.
The operator shall ensure that all loads are rigged properly. If there is any doubt to the way
any load is rigged, the operator shall not make any lifts till he/she deems it a safe lift.
4.
The operator shall govern and verify the weight of all loads. This weight called, the “Net
Load” is the weight of the object being lifted. It must be determined based on reliable
information or engineering data. or actually weighing the object in question.
With the “Net Weight” thus having been determined, the “Gross Load” may be totaled. The “Gross
Load” is the sum of the weights of the net load, attachments, rigging, ropes, beams or spreader bars,
etc. Based on this information the operator can determine what the maximum radius may be and
ensure that this is within the cranes rated capacity. If the estimated load at its maximum intended
radius exceeds 75% of the manufacturers load chart then a critical lift checklist must be used.
Prior to making a lift, the operator shall ensure that the signal person is knowledgeable and
competent on crane signals. If the hand signals are used, they shall be those prescribed by ANSI
B30.5 (a copy of signals is included in this policy). Whenever radios are used, try to use a dedicated
channel or limit conversation not pertaining to the lift.
CRANE LIFT RESTRICTIONS
This policy limits and will not permit any lift to be made out of the scope and realm of the lifting
restrictions. Lifts shall not be made when:
1. Known lifts exceed 90% of the cranes rated capacity at the intended working radius.
2. When rubber tired cranes are used, exceeding 75% of the load chart.
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**Note… If a Crane rental company is used, their lift~planning and limits may differ from the above
limits. They were hired for their expertise however, remember that they are working for you and you can
be held liable for their noncompliance with any OSHA regulations. These issues need to be discussed in
the pre-construction lift meeting.
CRITICAL LIFTS
A lift is considered a critical lift when the “Gross Load exceeds 75% of the cranes rated capacity.
Additionally, any lift made in close proximity to energized power lines.
The following are the explanations for the Critical Lift Checklist included in this procedure.
1. Hoisting Equipment: All self explanatory
2. Lift Information:
A. Net Load Weight is the weight of the object being lifted. It must be confirmed prior to any lift.
This information can be obtained from the supplier, manufacturer, shipper or by actually
weighing at the jobsite. However, do not depend solely on the shippers weight as it can be light.
B. Rigging Weight. Determine the actual weight of the rigging used. This shall include slings,
hooks, shackles, rings, etc.
C. Ball/Block Weight. The weight can be obtained from the Crane Operators Manual of from the
manufacturer. If the actual weight cannot be obtained, these items must be weighed.
D. Lifting Beam Weight. If this cannot be weighed, its weight can be obtain by determining the
beam size and referring to the AISC handbook and calculated.
E. Attachment Weight. Consult the Operators Manual for the weights of these attachments. Example
of these items are taglines, jibs, etc. This manual explains what the manufacturer has already
taken into account and what must be added on.
F. Extra Cable Weight. Normally the manufacturers load chart accounts for cable weight for the
recommended number of parts of line from the boom point to the cranes elevations.
G. Gross Load Weight (Sum of A-F). This is the sum of the weights of the Net Load, rigging , block
or ball, extra cable, attachments to the boom, and lifting beams or spreader bars. This is the total
weight to be used when looking at the manufacturers load chart located in the crane.
H. Load Chart. The only “official” chart of the cranes capacity is the chart located inside each and
every crane. The manufacturers literature is a good guide only. The load chart In each crane must
be used to determine that cranes actual rated capacity.
I.
Use of Load Chart. All crane operators, foremen, superintendent. general superintendents, and
project manager involved in the planning or execution of a lift must understand the proper way to
read and used the load chart.
2. Crane Set-up
A. Is crane level to within one (1) degree? The crane level condition shall be checked side to side
and front to rear on the crane using either the manufacturer’s level indicators or a regular level.
Adjustments to the ground, mats or cribbing are to be made as necessary.
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B. What is the soil condition? Conditions of the ground where the crane will be sitting must be
checked. Look for loose objects, unstable or wet soil or any other condition that may cause the
crane to become out of level once the load is lifted. Underground utilities and pipes must also be
considered. If a concrete or asphalt pad is used, it’s design must be approved by a registered
professional engineer.
C. Are Mats required? If a stable footing cannot be assured or determined, mats shall be used.
D. Are outriggers being used? For all mobile cranes equipped with outriggers they must be fully
extended and firmly set with proper dunnage or cribbing beneath the pads.
E. Are tracks fully extended? On all critical lifts with track cranes, the tracks shall be fully extended.
This shall be done whether or not the crane will be swing over the side or corners. Tracks should
also be blocked or “scotched” for each lift.
F. Does operator have unobstructed view of flagman and load? Prior to the lift, the flagman and
operator shall ensure they can maintain visual contact with each other throughout the entire lift. If
not, refer to item G.
G. Is radio communication between operator and flagman necessary? If radio communication is
required, the supervisor shall ensure each has an operable radio. During the lift, there shall be no
other radio communication on the frequency being used. Always have a back up plan in case
radio failure occurs.
3. Crane Inspections.
A. Daily inspections. Prior to any lift, the operator shall conduct a daily inspection. This inspection
should be documented and records kept either on the crane or on the project. Any notations that
show deficiencies should be corrected.
B. Monthly inspections. Prior to any lift, the operator shall make sure that the monthly inspection is
current to within thirty (30) days. A record of the inspection shall be kept either in the crane or on
the project. If the crane is rented, you should check with the rental company and obtain such
information.
C. Crane operation condition checked. Prior to any lift, the operator shall warm up the crane and run
it through all its functions. This includes booming, swinging, raising and lowering the ball or
block and a test of all brakes and clutches. Extra time for warm-up may be needed in cases when
moisture may have an effect on brakes and clutches (i.e.: rain and dew). Whenever possible,
again test all functions after just picking the load free.
4. Site Conditions:
A. Weather. Never attempt a lift if bad or severe weather is imminent. Wind must always be
considered. OSHA requires that all crane operations be suspended if the wind velocity exceeds 30
MPH. A critical lift shall be postponed if the wind velocity exceeds 20 MPH. Wind can cause a
dynamic loading on the crane. Moisture from dew or rain must be dried from brakes prior to
crane operations each day.
B. Area clear of Personnel. No personnel shall be allowed in the area during a lift unless they have a
specific responsibility. Never allow a load to pass over personnel if at all possible.
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C. Location of adjacent structures/objects considered. The pre-lift meeting shall include a survey of
the area to ensure everything possible is being done to avoid obstructions. Never shall the crane,
boom or load come any closer than 10 feet from a power line rated 50 KV or less. For lines
greater than 50 KV, a distance of one half inch per 1 KV shall be added to the distance. HCI
policy of lifts within 50 feet of power lines is deemed critical lift and appropriate critical lift
checklist completed.
D. Underground installations/utilities. Always consider what may be buried underground such as
pipes, lines, vaults, etc. This includes the area where the crane is sitting and where the load will
be placed.
5. Hoisting.
A. Lift radius. Prior to the lift, determine the radius necessary to place the load properly. If the load
is to be lowered into an excavation, the boom angle should be set for the proper radius prior to
swinging the load over the excavation.
B. Minimum allowable angle for this load. Once the required radius is determined, the boom angle
shall be noted. With this information, the operator will know what angle he/she cannot exceed to
avoid exceeding the required radius.
C. Maximum allowable radius for this load. Based on the calculated ~‘Gross Load” from Section
2G, the maximum allowable radius can be obtained from the load chart. This radius is never to be
exceeded with this load.
D. Load centered properly. The load shall be positioned directly below the boom tip before the load
is lifted. This may be checked by freely hanging the hook directly above the center of gravity of
the load. Remember the boom will tend to lower slightly as the load is lifted so this must be
corrected for, as the load is being picked free.
E. Choosing radius. The exact radius at which you must work may not appear on the crane lift chart.
In this case, use the next higher radius on the chart and the corresponding capacity at that radius
is the maximum allowable for your lift.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Crane/Material Handling Written Requirements
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Crane/Material Handling Written Requirements, I have
read and understood it, and I accept the program/procedures as a working document which I will support
and follow in my daily work at Hendrick Construction, Inc.
________________________________________________________________________________
Employee Signature
Date
________________________________________________________________________________
Safety Representative Signature
Date
________________________________________________________________________________
President Signature
Date
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EXCAVATION/TRENCHING
PROGRAM
Scope and Application:
This policy sets forth the official practices by Hendrick Construction, Inc. employees and subcontractors
regarding excavations.
Definitions:
Aluminum hydraulic shoring means an engineered shoring system comprised of aluminum hydraulic
cylinders (crossbraces), used in conjunction with vertical rails (uprights) or horizontal rails (walers). Such
a system is designed specifically to support the sidewalls of an excavation and prevent cave-ins.
Barricade means any device or object that can be used to prevent or limit access to a given area. A
barricade can be any temporary or permanent object such as, but not limited to, sawhorses, earthen
mound, concrete retaining walls, fencing, tape, cones, barricades, etc.
Benching means a method of protecting employees from cave-ins by excavating the sides of an
excavation to form one or a series of horizontal levels or steps, usually with vertical or near-vertical
surfaces between levels.
Cave-in means the separation of a mass of soil or rock material from the side of an excavation, or the loss
of soil from under a trench shield or support system, and its sudden movement into the excavation, either
by falling or sliding, in sufficient quantity so that it could entrap, bury, or otherwise injure and
immobilize a person.
Competent person means one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the
surroundings, or working conditions that are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who
has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. A competent person should have
and be able to demonstrate the following:
•
•
•
Training, experience, and knowledge of:
− soil analysis,
− use of protective systems, and
− requirements of 29 CFR 1926 Subpart P.
Ability to detect:
− conditions that could result in cave-ins,
− failures in protective systems,
− hazardous atmospheres, and
− other hazards including those associated with confined spaces.
Authority to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate existing and predictable hazards
and to stop work when required.
Excavation means any man-made cut, cavity, trench, or depression in an earth surface, formed by earth
removal.
Registered professional engineer means a person who is registered as a professional engineer.
Shield (shield system) means a structure that is able to withstand the forces imposed on it by a cave-in
and thereby protect employees with the structure. Shields can be permanent structure or can be designed
to be portable and moved along as work progresses. Also known as trench box or trench shield.
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Shoring (shoring system) means a structure such as a metal hydraulic, mechanical or timber shoring
system that supports the sides of an excavation and which is designed to prevent cave-ins.
Sloping (sloping system) means a method of protecting employees from cave-ins by excavating to form
sides of an excavation that are inclined away from the excavation so as to prevent cave-ins. The angle of
incline varies with differences in such factors as the soil type, environmental conditions of exposure, and
application of surcharge loads.
Trench (trench excavation) means a narrow excavation (in relation to its length) made below the surface
of the ground. In general, the depth is greater than the width, but the width of a trench is not greater than
15 feet. If forms or other structures are installed or constructed in an excavation as to reduce the
dimension measured from the forms or structure to the side of the excavation to 15 feet or less, the
excavation is also considered to be a trench.
General Requirements:
All excavations shall be made in accordance with the rules, regulations, requirements, and guidelines set
forth in 29 CFR 1926.650, .65 1, and .652; the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s standard
on Excavations, except where otherwise noted below.
Procedures
A competent person shall be placed in charge of all excavations. Underground utilities must be located
and marked before excavation begins.
Inspections
The competent person shall conduct inspections:
• Daily and before the start of each shift.
• As dictated by the work being done in the trench.
• After every rain storm.
• After other events that could increase hazards, such as snowstorm, windstorm, thaw, earthquake,
dramatic change in weather, etc.
• When fissures, tension cracks, sloughing, undercutting, water seepage, bulging at the bottom, or other
similar conditions occur.
• When there is a change in the size, location, or placement of the spoil pile.
• When there is any indication of change or movement in adjacent structures.
Soil Types
Type A - Most stable: clay, silty clay, and hardpan (resists penetration). No soil is Type A if it is fissured,
is subject to vibration of any type, has previously been disturbed, or has seeping water.
Type B - Medium stability: silt, sandy loam, medium clay and unstable dry rock; previously disturbed
soils unless otherwise classified as Type C; soils that meet the requirements of Type A soil but are
fissured or subject to vibration.
Type C - Least stable: gravel, loamy sand, soft clay, submerged soil or dense, heavy unstable rock, and
soil from which water is freely seeping.
The competent person (see definition) in charge of the excavation shall be responsible for determining
whether the soil is Solid Rock, Type A, B or C. The competent person shall use a visual test coupled with
one or more manual tests.
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Layered geological strata -- (where soils are configured in layers) - The soil must be classified on the
basis of the soil classification of the weakest soil layer. Each layer may be classified individually if a
more stable layer lies below a less stable layer, i.e. where a Type C soil rests on top of stable rock.
If excavations are conducted in order to repair/replace existing pipelines or equipment (i.e. the soil has
been previously disturbed), excavations shall be made to meet the requirements for Type B or Type
C soils only, as appropriate.
Spoil
Spoil piles shall be placed no closer than 2 feet from the surface edge of the excavation, measured from
the nearest base of the spoil to the cut. This distance should not be measured from the crown of the spoil
deposit. This distance requirement ensures that loose rock or soil from the temporary spoil will not fall on
employees in the trench.
Spoil should be placed so that it channels rainwater and other run-off water away from the excavation.
Spoil should be placed so that it cannot accidentally run, slide, or fall back into the excavation.
Surface Crossing of Trenches
Surface crossing of trenches should not be made unless absolutely necessary.
•
•
Vehicle crossings must be designed by and installed under the supervision of a registered
professional engineer.
Walkways or bridges should:
− have a minimum clear width of 20 inches,
− be fitted with standard guardrails, and
− extend a minimum of 24 inches past the surface edge of the trench.
− secured at each end
Ingress and Egress
Trenches 4 feet or more in depth shall be provided with a fixed means of egress.
Spacing between ladders or other means of egress must be such that a worker will not have to travel more
than 25 feet laterally to the nearest means of egress.
Ladders must be secured and extend a minimum of 36 inches above the landing.
Metal ladders should be used with caution, and should not be used when electric utilities are present.
Exposure to Vehicles
Employees exposed to vehicular traffic shall be provided with and required to wear reflective vests or
other suitable garments marked with or made of reflectorized or high-visibility materials.
Trained flag persons, signs, signals, and barricades shall be used when necessary.
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Exposure to Falling Loads
All employees on an excavation site must wear hard hats.
Employees are not allowed to work under raised loads.
Employees are not allowed to work under loads being lifted or moved by heavy equipment used for
digging or lifting.
Employees are required to stand away from equipment that is being loaded or unloaded to avoid being
struck by falling materials or spillage.
Equipment operators or truck drivers may not remain in their equipment during loading and unloading.
Warning Systems for Mobile Equipment
The following steps should be taken to prevent vehicles from accidentally falling into the trench:
• Barricades must be installed where necessary,
• Hand or mechanical signals must be used as required,
• Stop logs must be installed if there is danger of vehicles falling into the trench.
• Soil should be graded away from the excavation; this will assist in vehicle control and channeling of
run-off water.
• Trenches left open overnight should be barricaded.
Hazardous Atmospheres and Confined Spaces
Employees shall not be permitted to work in hazardous and/or toxic atmospheres. Such atmospheres
include those with:
•
•
•
less than 19.5% oxygen,
a combustible gas concentration greater than 20% of the lower flammable limit, and,
concentrations of hazardous substance that exceed those specified in the Threshold Limit Values for
airborne contaminants established by the ACGIH.
All operations involving such atmospheres must be conducted in accordance with OSHA requirements for
occupational health and environmental controls for personal protective equipment and for lifesaving
equipment. Engineering controls (such as ventilation) and respiratory equipment may be required. See
Confined Space Program.
Testing for Atmospheric Contaminants
If there is any possibility that the trench or excavation could contain a hazardous atmosphere, atmospheric
testing must be conducted prior to entry. Conditions that might warrant atmospheric testing would be if
the excavation was made in a landfill area or if the excavation was crossed by, was adjacent to, or
contained pipelines containing a hazardous material (for example, natural gas lines).
Testing should be conducted before employees enter the trench and should be done regularly to ensure
that the trench remains safe. The frequency of testing should be increased if equipment is operating in the
trench.
Testing frequency should also be increased if welding, cutting, or burning is done in the trench.
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Employees required to wear respiratory protection must be trained, fit-tested, and enrolled in a respiratory
protection program.
Some trenches qualify as confined spaces. When this occurs, compliance with Hendrick Construction,
Inc. Confined Space Program is also required.
Standing Water and Water Accumulation
•
Methods for controlling standing water and water accumulation must be provided if employees must
work in the excavation. The precautions necessary to protect employees adequately vary with each
situation and could consist of the following:
⇒ Use of special support or shield systems.
⇒ Water removal equipment, such as well pointing, shall be monitored by a competent
person.
⇒ Safety harnesses and lifelines.
•
Employees should be removed from the trench during rainstorms
•
Trenches should be carefully inspected by a competent person after each rain and before employees
are permitted to re-enter the trench.
Benching, Sloping, Shoring, and Shielding Requirements
All excavations or trenches 4 feet or greater in depth shall be appropriately benched, shored, or sloped
according to the procedures and requirements set forth in OSHA’s Excavation standard, 29 CFR
1926.650, .651, and .652.
Excavations or trenches 20 feet deep or greater must have a protective system designed by a registered
professional engineer.
Excavations under the base of footing of a foundation or wall require a support system designed by a
registered professional engineer.
Sidewalks and pavement shall not be undermined unless a support system or another method of protection
is provided to protect employees from their possible collapse.
Sloping
Maximum allowable slopes for excavations less than 20’ based on soil type and angle to the horizontal
are as follows:
Soil Type
Type B
Type C
Depth/Width Ratio
Horizontal to Vertical
1 to 1
1 ½ to 1
Slope Angle
45 Degrees
34 Degrees
A 10-foot-deep trench in Type B soil would have to be sloped to a 45-degree angle, or sloped 10 feet back
in both directions. Total distance across a 10-foot-deep trench would be 20 feet, plus the width of the
bottom of the trench itself. In Type C soil, the trench would be sloped at a 34-degree angle, or 15 feet
back in both directions for at least 30 feet across, plus the width of the bottom of the trench itself.
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Benching
There are two basic types of benching, single and multiple, which can be used in conjunction with
sloping.
In Type B soil, the vertical height of the benches must not exceed 4 feet. Benches must be below the
maximum allowable slope for that soil type. In other words, a 10-foot deep trench in Type B soil must be
benched back 10 feet in each direction, with the maximum of a 45-degree angle.
Benching is not allowed in Type C soil.
Shoring
Shoring is a method used when the location or depth of the cut makes sloping back to the maximum
allowable slope impractical. There are two basic types of shoring; timber and aluminum hydraulic.
Hydraulic shoring provides a critical safety advantage over timber shoring because workers do not have
to enter the trench to install them. They are also light enough to be installed by one worker; they are
gauge-regulated to ensure even distribution of pressure along the trench line; and they can be adapted
easily to various trench depths and widths. However, if timber shoring is used, it must meet the
requirements of 29 CFR 1926.650, .65 1, and .652. All shoring shall be installed from the top down and
removed from the bottom up. Hydraulic shoring shall be checked at least once per shift for leaking hoses
and/or cylinders, broken connections, cracked nipples, bent bases, and any other damaged or defective
parts.
The top cylinder of hydraulic shoring shall be no more than 18 inches below the top of the excavation.
The bottom of the cylinder shall be no higher than four feet from the bottom of the excavation. (Two feet
of trench wall may be exposed beneath the bottom of the rail or plywood sheeting, if used.)
Three vertical shores, evenly spaced, must be used to form a system.
Wales are installed no more than two feet from the top, no more than four feet from the bottom, and no
more than four feet apart, vertically.
Here are some typical installations of aluminum hydraulic shoring:
♦
♦
♦
♦
Vertical aluminum hydraulic shoring (spot bracing)
Vertical aluminum hydraulic shoring (with plywood)
Vertical aluminum hydraulic shoring (stacked)
Aluminum hydraulic shoring waler system (typical)
Shielding
Shielding (trench boxes) is an additional method used when the location or depth of cut makes a sloping
back to maximum allowable slope impractical. Shielding differs from shoring because, instead of shoring
up or otherwise supporting the trench face, they are intended primarily to protect workers from cave-ins
and similar incidents.
The excavated area between the outside of the trench box and the face of the trench should be as small as
possible. The space between the trench box and the excavation side must be backfilled to prevent
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lateral movement of the box. Shields may not be subjected to loads exceeding those which the system
was designed to withstand.
The box must extend at least 18 inches above the surrounding area if there is sloping toward the
excavation. This can be accomplished by providing a benched area adjacent to the box.
Any modifications to the shields must be approved by the manufacturer.
Shields may ride two feet above the bottom of an excavation, provided they are calculated to support the
full depth of the excavation and there is no caving under or behind the shield.
Workers must enter and leave the shield in a protected manner, such as by a ladder or ramp.
Workers may not remain in the shield while it is being moved vertically.
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CONFINED SPACE ENTRY
PROGRAM
Scope:
This procedure applies to the entrance of employees into both permit required and non-permit required
confined spaces. The requirements contained herein apply to operations conducted by or under Hendrick
Construction, Inc. that fall under the OSHA 1910 General Industry Standards.
Purpose:
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to the protection of its employees and subcontractors from on the
job injuries as a result of being exposed to potential hazards associated with confined space. This program
provides guidance on recognition and identification of permit required confined spaces, personnel
requirements for entry, appropriate personal protective equipment, monitoring equipment, entry permits
and rescue requirements.
Responsibility:
Superintendent shall ensure the full compliance by HCI employees and/or subcontractors regarding the
requirements of this confined space procedure. This shall include but not be limited to:
1. Identification and posting of all permit required confined spaces
2. Issuance of completed confined space entry permits
3. Determination and evaluation of potential confined space hazards
4. Maintenance and issuance of required confined space entrance equipment as necessary, i.e.
monitors, winches, harnesses, etc.
5. Training of all employees affected by this procedure
On site supervisors are responsible for knowing the requirements and restrictions of this procedure. They
shall ensure the maintenance of “Permit Required Confined Space” placards on their respective work sites
and that no employee be allowed to enter such a space without authority per this procedure. Once work
has begun in a permit required confined space on their site, they shall become the “Entry Supervisor” as
defined in this procedure.
IDENTIFY THE SPACE
A confined space is any working area in which:
1. Ventilation is insufficient to remove dangerous air contamination or to eliminate an oxygen
deficiency.
2. Access and egress are difficult due to the location or size of the opening.
Confined spaces include such areas as storage vessels, furnaces, railroad tank cards, manholes, concrete
vaults and pits.
DETERMINE THE DANGER
The atmosphere in a confined space shall be tested prior to entering the space. To test the area, lower the
monitor into the confined space but never allow your head to enter or go below the space entrance until
testing is complete.
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There must be at least 19.5% oxygen in the atmosphere to provide safe breathing. Verify or eliminate the
possibility of a flammable or toxic atmosphere.
STEP ONE: When the Area is Safe Once conditions in the confined space are tested and determined to be safe, the Foreman or
person in charge must fill out the Confined Space Entry Permit included in this procedure. This
permit should be filled out daily or as necessary, depending on the space and the permits
requirements.
THE DAILY COMPLETION OF THE CONFINED SPACE ENTRY PERMIT IS
VITALLY IMPORTANT!!
The reading obtained from the test equipment must be legible. For the safety of the crew, the
instrument itself must be calibrated at frequent intervals to ensure accurate readings. A wrong
reading can cause death and serious injury. Only qualified persons may calibrate the instruments
using the required calibration gases. The log will be checked by Project Superintendent to insure
that it is completely and accurately filled out for every entry into a confined space.
While entering and working in a confined space, always have the test monitor with you. When
you exit, take the monitor out with you and retest before reentering the space. Never enter a space
if the monitor alarms! Even if the monitor reading at a previous entry indicated it was safe.
Conditions change! In addition, leave the space immediately if the monitor alarms while you are
in the space.
Unfortunately, there is no universal tester that will instantly identify every toxic substance that
might be found in a confined space. You should be aware of what substances may be found under
certain conditions.
It is very important for crew members to understand how vital their test instruments are to their
safety. These instruments are not as durable as tools. They must be handled with care.
TOSSING TESTING INSTRUMENTS INTO THE BACK OF A
TRUCK CAN DAMAGE THEM AND CAUSE
ERRONEOUS READINGS. HANDLE WITH CARE!
STEP TWO: VENTILATE THE SPACE
If the initial test is not within acceptable limits, the confined space should be vented to improve
the atmosphere.
1. SIZE: The size of the confined space will dictate how long it should be ventilated before
entry. If possible, ventilation should continue while personnel are working in the space.
2. HOSE PLACEMENT: The hose must be positioned against a wall so the air circulation
bounces from wall to wall. If the hose is just hung in the middle, air pockets containing toxic
gases may linger in the corners even though the blower has been operated for the specified time.
3. BLOWER LOCATION: Since the blower is taking in air from the surrounding atmosphere,
it is important to position the blower so that it does not suck in the very air that it is blowing out
of the space. Also, make sure that the blower is placed away from the processes that generate
harmful gases such as chemical fumes of vehicle exhaust. You want to pull breathable air into the
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space.
You should also consider ignition possibilities when finding a spot for the blower. The blower,
itself, can be a source of ignition so you will want to place it away from flammable objects and
gases.
4. ENTRY BLOCKADE: While the confined space is being ventilated, make sure entry is not
possible. We require that one crew member stay at the opening. He/She may have to step a few
feet away to get something from the truck and in those few seconds, someone could enter the
space unless a barrier is in place. So, in addition to a guard, a barricade is required.
STEP THREE: RETEST
After ventilating an area, test the atmosphere again.
1. When the Readings Still Indicate Problems:
If the readings still indicate a problem after ventilating the space, the employees must notify their
supervisor.
No persons are permitted to wear respirators until they are trained and in compliance with
Company’s Respiratory Protection Program!
STEP FIVE: FOLLOW ENTRY AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
1. CHOOSING A BUDDY: When someone enters the space, someone else always stands by
outside to help in an emergency, This person is trained to:
* recognize the effects of hazardous substances on entrant
* communicate with the entrant
* perform rescue duties
* summon rescue and emergency services
* perform CPR
2. WEARING RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: If the work crew knows that the space may
have been contaminated with something dangerous or that the oxygen level is low, they must
wear respiratory protective equipment. This also applies to the buddy remaining outside the
entrance. We do not want to leave anything to chance!
MANY DEATHS OCCUR EACH YEAR WHEN THE RESCUER IS OVERCOME BY A
TOXIC ATMOSPHERE BECAUSE THEY ENTER THE SPACE WITHOUT PROPER
BREATHING APPARATUS. IN AN EMERGENCY, WHEN YOU NEED TO RESCUE YOUR
“BUDDY”, IT IS DIFFICULT TO REMEMBER TO FIRST PUT ON YOUR OWN
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION. THEREFORE, IT IS MANDATORY THAT THE “BUDDY”
REMAINING OUTSIDE ALWAYS WEAR RESPIRATORY PROTECTION.
3. ESTABLISHING COMMUNICATION: The buddy and entrant must be able to
communicate. However, limited visibility sometimes makes hand communication impossible.
Other spaces are so large that voice communication is not practical. To keep communication
open, even with these obstacles, some entrants and buddies may be equipped with two-way
radios.
For further safety, the buddy must also have communication with another outside worker. As an
extra precaution against the unexpected, one other individual is required to remain within
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shouting or signaling distance to assist in a rescue effort.
4. STRAPPING ON THE HARNESS: The person entering wears a harness so that he or she
can be removed quickly if overcome by fumes. DON’T USE A BELT! If a person wearing a belt
becomes unconscious, he/she will bend at the waist while being pulled out and perhaps become
stuck in a narrow passage.
5. CHECKING THE SPACE: Always note the physical obstructions before entering a space.
Something as routine as making sure a ladder is correctly placed can make the difference between
a safe entry and a dangerous fall.
6. BRINGING THE TEST EQUIPMENT INTO THE SPACE: Even when good readings are
taken, the crew should always take their test equipment into the confined space with them. It has
an audible alarm that will alert them if toxic gasses begin to accumulate.
Even if the alarm doesn’t sound, it is good safety sense to teach your workers to recheck their
equipment frequently. You can’t depend on your nose to tell you something is wrong
Many toxic substances do not have an odor and some actually deaden the sense of smell.
Management and all employees must be aware of the possible hazards associated with confined space
work. With the use and implementation of this procedure’s requirements, we can all be assured of a safe
working environment.
Applicable Definitions:
Acceptable entry conditions: The conditions that must exist in permit space to allow entry and to ensure
that employees involved with a permit required confined space entry can safely enter into and work
within the space. Condition that meets a minimum of 19.5% oxygen and absence of other hazardous
gases.
Attendant: An individual stationed outside one or more permit spaces who monitor authorized entrants
and who perform all attendants’ duties assigned in the employer’s permit space program.
Authorized entrant: An employee who is authorized by the employer to enter a permit space.
Confined Space: A space that:
1.
2.
3.
is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work,
and
has limited or restricted entry or exit (for example, tanks, vessels, silos, storage bins, hoppers,
vaults and pits are spaces that may have limited means of egress), and
is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.
Engulfment: The surrounding and effective capture of a person by a liquid or finely divided (flowable)
solid substance that can be breathed in and can cause death by filling or plugging the respiratory system;
or that can exert enough force on the body to cause death by strangulation, constriction or crushing.
Entry: The action by which a person passes through an opening into a permit-required space. Entry
includes ensuring work activities in that space and is considered to have occurred as soon as any part of
the entrant’s body breaks the plane of an opening into the space.
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Entry Permit: The written or printed document that is provided by the employer to allow and control entry
into the permit space and contains the information of the permit-required confined space program.
Entry Supervisor: The person (such as the employer, foreman, crew chief) responsible for determining if
acceptable entry conditions are present at a permit space where entry is planned; for authorizing entry and
overseeing entry operations and for terminating entry as required by the section.
NOTE: An entry supervisor also may serve as an attendant or as an authorized entrant, as long as
that person is trained and equipped as required by this section for each role he/she fills. Also, the
duties of the entry supervisor may be passed from one individual to another during the course of
an entry operation.
Hazardous Atmosphere: An atmosphere that may expose employees to the risk of death, incapacitation,
and impairment of the ability to self-rescue (that is, escape unaided from a permit space), injury or illness
from one or more of the following causes:
1. Flammable gas, vapor or mist in excess of 10% (percent) of its lower explosive limit (LEL)
2. Airborne combustible dust at a concentration that meets or exceeds its LEL
NOTE: Some of this concentration may be approximated as a condition in which the dust
obscures vision at a distance of 5 feet (1 .52m) or less
3. Atmosphere oxygen concentration below 19.5% or above 23.5%
4. Atmosphere concentration of any substance for which a dose or a permissible exposure limit
Is published in Subpart G: Occupational Health and Environmental Control; in Subpart A
Toxic and Hazardous Substances; of this part and which could result in employee exposure in
excess of its dose or permissible exposure limit
NOTE: An atmospheric concentration of any substance that is not capable of causing
death, incapacitation, impairment of ability to self-rescue, injury or acute illness due to
its health effect is not covered by this provision
5. Any other atmospheric condition that is immediately dangerous to life of health (IDLH)
NOTE: For air contaminants for which OSHA has not determined a dose or permissible
exposure limit, other sources of information, such as Material Safety Data Sheets that
comply with the Hazard Communication Standard, 29CFR 1910.1200 of this part,
published information, and internal documents can provide guidance in establishing
acceptable atmospheric conditions.
Hot Work Permit: The employer’s written authorization to perform operations (for example: riveting,
welding, cutting, burning and heating) capable of providing a source of ignition.
Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH): Any condition that poses an immediate or delayed
threat to life or that would cause irreversible adverse health effects or that would interfere with an
individual’s ability to escape unaided from a permit space.
NOTE: Some materials - hydrogen fluoride gas and cadmium vapor, for example, may produce
immediate transient effects that ,even if severe may pass without medical attention, but are
followed by sudden, possibly fatal collapse 12-72 hours after exposure. The victim “feels
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normal” from recovery from transient effects until collapse. Such materials’ hazardous qualities
are considered to be “immediately dangerous to life or health”.
Inerting: The displacement of the atmosphere in a permit space by a non-combustible gas (such as
nitrogen) to such an extent that the resulting atmosphere is non-combustible.
NOTE: This procedure produces an IDLH oxygen deficient atmosphere.
Isolation: The process by which a permit space is removed from service and completely protected against
the release of energy and material into or blinding, misaligning or removing section of lines, pipes or
ducts; a double block and bleed system; lock-out or tag-out of all sources of energy; or block-mg or
disconnecting all mechanical linkages.
Non-permit Confined Space: A confined space that does not contain or, with respect to atmospheric
hazards, does not have the potential to contain any hazard capable of causing death or serious physical
harm.
Oxygen Deficient Atmosphere: An atmosphere containing less than 19.5 % oxygen by volume
Oxygen Enriched Atmosphere: An atmosphere containing more than 23.5 % oxygen by volume
Permit-required Confined Space (Permit Space): A confined space that has one or more of the following:
1. Contains or has a potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere
2. Contains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrant
3. Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped or asphyxiated by
inwardly converging walls or by a floor which slopes downward and tapers to a smaller
cross-section
4. Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard
Permit-required Confined Space Program (Permit Space Program): The employer’s overall program for
controlling and, where appropriate, for protecting employees from permit space hazards or for regulating
employee entry into permit spaces.
Permit System: The employer’s written procedure for preparing and issuing permits for entry and for
returning the permit space to service following termination of entry.
Prohibited Condition: Any condition in a permit space that is not allowed by the permit during the period
when entry is authorized.
Rescue Service: The personnel designated to rescue employees from permit spaces.
Retrieval System: The equipment (including a retrieval line, chest or full body harness, wristlets, if
appropriate and lifting device or anchor) used for non-entry rescue of persons from permit spaces.
Testing: The process by which the hazards that may confront entrants of a permit space are identified and
evaluated. Testing includes specifying the tests that are to be performed in the permit space.
NOTE: Testing enables the employer to both devise and implement adequate control measures
for the protection of authorized entrants and to determine if acceptable entry conditions are
present immediately prior to and during entry.
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PERMIT REQUIRED CONFINED SPACES
Project Superintendent shall inspect each work site covered by this procedure.
During the inspection, every potential confined space into which employees might enter shall be
evaluated. This evaluation shall include:
1. Possible air contaminates or oxygen deficient or enriched atmospheres
2. Engulfment hazards
3. Confined space entrance and exit and accessibility of each portal
When the evaluation is completed, all confined spaces shall be placard either by “Permit Required
Confined Space” or “Non-Permit Required Confined Space”. All employees at each site shall be trained
on the meaning of the placards and actions to be taken prior to entering or working in such spaces.
Confined Space Entry Permit
Master Card No.
1. Work Description
Area
Equipment
Location
Work to be done:
2. Gas Test
Required
Yes
No
Results
Instrument Check
Recheck
Recheck
Oxygen % 20.8 min.
Combustible % LFL
Date/Time/Sig.
3. Special Instructions:
Date/Time/Sig.
Check with issuer before beginning work
4. Hazardous Materials:
None
Date/Time/Sig.
None
What did the line/equipment last contain?
5. Special Protection Required:
None
Avoid Skin Contact
Forced Air Ventilation
Suit
Gloves
Goggles or Face Shield
Safety Harness
Respirator
Self Contained Breathing Equipment
Other,
specify:
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Hoseline Breathing Equipment
Standby Name:
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6. Fire Protection Required:
Fire Watch
None
Portable Fire Extinguisher
Fire & Nozzle
Other, specify:
7. Condition of Area and Equipment
Required
THESE KEY POINTS MUST BE CHECKED
Yes
No
a. Lines disconnected & blinded or where disconnecting is not possible, blinds installed?
(Includes drains, vents and instrument leads) and appropriate valves locked out?
b. Equipment cleaned, washed, purged, ventilated?
c. Low voltage or GFI protected electrical equipment provided?
d. Explosion proof electrical equipment provided?
e. Life line required to be attached to safety harnesses?
Comments:
8. Approval
Date
Time
Permit
Authorization
Area Supervisor
Permit Acceptance
Maint./Contractor
Supv./Engineer
Date
Time
Issued
by
Endorsed
by
Endorsed
by
Endorsed
by
9. Individual Review
I have been instructed on proper Safety Procedures and proper Confined Space Entry
Procedures. I have signed in on the appropriate Master Card and have affixed personal
locks on energy isolation devices as appropriate.
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Signature of all personnel covered by this permit.
Forward to Production Superintendent 7 days after completion of work.
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Sample Permit Required Confined Spaces Form
Date __________________
Supervisor’s Signature _______________________
The following is a list of the Permit Required confined spaces and the associated hazards.
(If none, state none)
Location (No.)
Resulting Danger*
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
*Can be listed as asphyxiation, toxic, engulfment, mechanical, etc.
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Sample Confined Space-Entry Permit
Date and Time
Issued:
Job Site/Space
I.D.:
Equipment to be
worked on:
Stand-by
Personnel:
Date and Time
Expired
Job Supervisor:
Work to be
performed:
1.
Atmospheric Checks: Time_______________
Explosive___________%L.F.L.
2.
Tester’s Signature:
3.
4.
5.
N/A
Oxygen_____________%
Toxic_______________PPM
Yes
No
Source isolation (No Entry)
Pumps or lines blinded, disconnected, blocked ( )
( )
( )
Ventilation Modification:
Mechanical
Natural Ventilation Only
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
Atmospheric check after isolation and ventilation:
Oxygen ____________%>19.5%
Explosive___________%L.F.L.<10.0%
Toxic______________PPM <10 PPM H2S
Time ______________
6.
Communication Procedures:
7.
Rescue Procedures:
8.
Entry, standby and back-up persons:
Successfully completed required training?
Is it current?
9.
Equipment:
Direct reading gas monitor-tested
Safety harnesses and lifelines for entry and standby persons
Hoisting equipment
Powered communications
SCBA’s for entry
Protective clothing
All electric equipment listed Class 1, Division 1,
Group D and non-sparking tools
10. Periodic Atmospheric Tests:
Oxygen __________% Time __________
Oxygen __________% Time __________
Explosive __________% Time __________
Explosive __________% Time __________
Toxic
__________% Time__________
Oxygen __________% Time__________
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N/A
( )
( )
Yes
( )
( )
No
( )
( )
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
)
)
( )
Oxygen __________% Time
Oxygen __________% Time
Explosive__________% Time
Explosive__________% Time
Oxygen __________% Time
Oxygen __________% Time
)
)
)
)
)
)
( )
)
)
)
)
)
)
( )
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
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We have reviewed the work authorized by this permit and the information contained herein. Written
instructions and safety procedures have been received and are understood. Entry cannot be approved if
any squares are marked in the “No” column. This permit is not valid unless all appropriate items are
completed.
Permit and Check List Prepared By: (Supervisor)
Approved By: (Unit Supervisor)
Reviewed By: (Confined Space Operations Personnel) (Printed Name & Signature
___________________________________________
This permit to be kept at job site. Return job site copy to Safety Office following job completion
PERMIT REQUIRED CONFINED SPACE ENTRY
Entry into any permit required confined space shall be conducted based upon the requirements of the
“Confined Space Entry Permit”. The permit included in this procedure shall be completed and all
applicable items noted shall be in place before work in the space begins.
CONTRACTORS
No contractor shall be permitted to enter or work in a permit required confined space on any Hendrick
Construction, Inc. site until company Superintendent has been advised of their presence and intended
work. At that time, training shall be conducted to include:
1. Information about permit spaces including hazards identified and experience in the particular
space
2. Apprise the contractor of precautions and procedures for work in or around permit spaces
3. Coordinate entry operations
4. Permit required confined space entry procedures as outlined in this program or their own
permit required space entry procedure
Once the contractor has concluded their entry operations and required work in the space, the contractor
shall be debriefed regarding the permit space program and any hazards confronted or created in permit
spaces during entry operations.
TRAINING
Prior to any work in permit required spaces, the following training shall be conducted to include:
1. Entry Supervisor:
a. All items to be listed on Entry Permit
b. Authorizing entry
c. Overseeing entry
d. Terminating entry
2. Entrants:
a. Use of any and all needed equipment
b. Communication with attendants
c. Alert attendant when a warning symptom or other hazardous condition exists
d. Symptoms of exposure or warning of an impending hazard
e. Exit as quickly as possible when warned by attendant
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3. Attendant:
a. Check permits of authorized entrants
b. Prevent entry by those without a permit
c. Maintain a continuous count of those in confined space
d. Monitor activity in the confined space
e. Remain outside the confined space until relieved If necessary, attendant will:
1. Order everyone to exit the confined space
2. Contact rescuers
3. Perform non-entry rescue
* Attendants shall not perform any other duty that will interfere with the duties above*
RESCUE SERVICES
On work sites where the owner maintains an on-site rescue squad, this team will be used first. If an
outside service is to be used, this service shall be notified by the Entry Supervisors prior to work
beginning in the space. The outside rescue service will be given the opportunity to examine the confined
space in order to establish a rescue plan prior to work beginning. This service will be informed of the
work hours when employees will be in the space and the fastest way they can be contacted if needed.
If the space permits, all work done in IDLH atmospheres and/or where air supplied respirators are worn,
all entrants shall wear full body harnesses with life lines attached. Any space deeper than five (5) feet
requires the use of a mechanical lifeline for rescue purposes.
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Employee Sign-Off Sheet
Confine Space Entry Procedures
I acknowledge I have been given a copy of the Written Procedures for Confined Space Entry. I have read
and understood them, and I accept the procedures as a working document which I will support and follow
in my daily work for Hendrick Construction, Inc.
Employee Signature
Date
Supervisor’s Signature
Date
Site Safety Manager’s Signature
Date
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TRAFFIC CONTROL
GENERAL
Road construction poses safety problems not often encountered in other types of construction. Contractors
should take the appropriate safety measures necessary to protect motorists, pedestrians, workers,
equipment, materials, and public utilities.
TRAFFIC VOLUME
In order to plan for job site safety, contractors should know the approximate volume and composition of
the traffic. Advance notice to the public about the construction project may also help reduce traffic
volume.
Traffic approaching a work zone may have to slow or stop intermittently. It is important to know the
traffic work zone speeds that will be encountered. The conditions which could be encountered should be
determined by a job site visit. Limitation on sight distance, complicated intersections, and distracting or
confusing roadside conditions should all be factors in planning for safety. Local law enforcement
agencies frequently assist contractors with traffic control.
TRAFFIC CONTROL
Traffic control requirements vary from state to state. Traffic control design frequently requires the
expertise of traffic control engineers. Contact the contracting agency in order to determine which
regulations are appropriate for the work zone as well as reviewing the latest Manual on Uniform Traffic
Control Devices (MUTCD).
Traffic control regulations will provide the specific requirements regarding:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
warning devices
directional devices
traffic signs
lighting and marking devices
barricades and fences
flagging and signaling
other pertinent requirements
The operation of construction equipment may be distracting to motorists. The travel paths for construction
equipment should be separated from the travel paths for traffic where possible. Construction equipment
should never travel adjacent to traffic traveling in the opposite direction unless there is a physical barrier.
Advance warning signs and/or a flagger should be established at any point where construction equipment
crosses a traffic path. The flagger should have the authority to direct the actions of the construction
vehicles as well as the motorists.
URBAN CONSTRUCTION
In urban areas, keep interference with traffic at a minimum. The following may be considered.
Store materials and equipment off-site at temporary storage yards or on adjacent minor streets.
Promptly remove spoil material.
Increase night and off-peak work activity on road ways opened to traffic during the morning and evening
rush hours.
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Adequate lighting should be provided on urban construction projects. Where feasible, conventional
electric lights should be used. Barricades and obstructions in the vehicle path should be clearly visible.
TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICE REMOVAL
Dismantling of road construction work zones should be performed in accordance with the contracting
agency’s requirements.
***************************************************************************
!!Refer to the latest Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices and
State Flagging Programs!!
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PUBLIC PROTECTION
A SUMMARY OF ANZI Al 0.34
Program
This written policy addresses the Public Hazard Control Plan practices of Hendrick Construction, Inc.
employees and subcontractors. The Public Hazard Control Plan shall be reviewed and updated as new
Hazards are identified or created in site specific format.
Responsibilities
It shall be the responsibility of the Superintendent to develop a Public Hazard Control Plan to address the
Hazards that may affect the Public. The Public Hazard Control Plan shall be developed from these core
components.
Site Policy or Program - A statement/program which obligates all parties involved in the Project to
protect the Public.
Responsibilities - The Contractors shall coordinate their efforts and actions to protect the Public.
It shall be the responsibility of HCI’s Project Manager and Superintendent to ensure that the Contractors
take appropriate actions to protect the Public.
It shall be the responsibility of the Project Constructor to ensure that each Contractor takes actions to
communicate and train its employees with regards to the Contractor’s responsibilities.
Each Contractor shall maintain documentation of its efforts to implement this standard.
The Public Hazard Control Plan shall address the need for monitoring and inspection.
Accident Investigations - A qualified person or their designee shall conduct and coordinate accident
investigations at the jobsite.
Timeliness - The Project Manager and Superintendent has an obligation to evaluate each Contractor’(s)
planned activity for its impact on the Public. This evaluation shall be undertaken at the time construction
is being planned, when contracts are being finalized and as necessary during construction project.
When a Hazard is identified, appropriate actions to abate the hazard shall be devised and implemented.
Community Relations Designee(s) - It shall be the responsibility of the Project Manager and/or
Superintendent to respond to Public inquiries or complaints related to the construction depending on level
of sensitivity. The name of the designated individual(s) shall be noted in the Public Hazard Control Plan.
Coordination with Authorities - Public Hazard Control Plans shall be communicated with appropriate
Authorities.
The Public Hazard Control Plan shall consider the following Hazards:
Noise - Construction activities that produce noise levels above the local jurisdiction permissible levels
shall be identified and appropriate action taken to minimize Public exposure.
Sudden or loud impact noises may startle or present a hazard, appropriate actions to notify the Public
shall be taken.
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When sudden or continuous noise may interfere with other warnings, such as back-up alarms or horns,
or where traffic control or emergency vehicle response is affected, appropriate actions shall be taken to
notify the Public. These appropriate actions may include visual signals, warning signs, barricades
and/or flagpersons, and shall be deployed in addition to the audible warnings.
Dust, Fumes, Mists, Smoke, Vapors - Operations which produce airborne contaminants that may
present a hazard to the Public shall be controlled. Plan for how they will be controlled or removed.
Traffic Hazards - Construction operations interacting with the Public or taking place above or adjacent
to vehicular, pedestrian, maritime, rail or air traffic (traffic) areas shall be addressed. Specifically
durations, peak times, and abatement of hazards regarding traffic.
When roadways or walkways are disturbed by the Construction, and/or temporary covers or bridges are
used to allow traffic to flow or be rerouted, such covers or bridges shall be of sufficient size to support
the loads that may be imposed and shall be secured to prevent shifting or movement. Supporting
structures or ground under and around temporary covers or bridges shall be evaluated for ability to
withstand the imposed loading by a Qualified person. Shoring and/or reinforcement shall be put in place
prior to opening the area for Public access, whenever shoring, reinforcement or other support is indicated. The condition of the temporary structures shall be maintained to prevent Hazards.
Additional care is required in high-speed or high congestion traffic areas including but not limited to
additional and/or larger notices or warnings, signage, barricades, marker buoys, etc., use of flagpersons,
movement of warnings further from the area involved to give enough advanced warning, or other means
to give adequate notice of the Hazard.
Consideration shall be given to access by emergency vehicles both to the jobsite and along the Public
access areas where Construction may impact vehicle access. Prior notification and planning shall be
undertaken with all affected emergency agencies to advise them of access to the jobsite.
Jobsites arrangements shall be made for prompt clean-up of any debris on public ways.
Pedestrian Hazards - At all times during the construction, those areas designated for pedestrian traffic
shall be clearly delineated. They shall be maintained so that Hazards that may cause slipping, tripping
or falling are minimized. Non-level surfaces, especially when not clearly observable, shall be marked
with high visibility signs or notices. Stairs or ramps shall have hand-rails on both sides. Elevated areas
shall have standard guardrails or equivalent.
Where pedestrian areas are closed, notice shall be given and access provided to suitable and safe
alternative areas. Where necessary, clear markings showing the expected path the Public shall take shall
be installed.
Contractors shall monitor means of ingress and egress to be used by the Public to make certain
operations do not block stairways, doors, entrances, exits, paths, hallways, etc.
Specific consideration shall be given to emergency evacuation of buildings, structures, and jobsites and
the effect that the Construction project may have on such evacuation.
Lighting - Lighting on the jobsite that may illuminate or project to areas off the jobsite shall be directed
so to not create a hazard or nuisance.
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Walking surfaces and other public areas affected by the construction project shall be adequately
illuminated.
Machinery and Vehicles - Contractors utilizing cranes, vehicles, machinery, ships, vessels, barges,
boats, aircraft or other mobile equipment or devices shall conduct an initial and periodic inspection on
the equipment. Adequate barricades, shields, guards, alarms, signs, markings and safety systems shall
be provided and or installed on all equipment.
When machinery, ships, vessels, barges, boats, aircraft and vehicles require special licenses or permits
or operator training before being used, the Contractor shall secure or provide these prior to working
with that equipment at the jobsite.
Areas accessible to the Public that have any mobile equipment that is accessible to the Public shall be
properly barricaded or guarded prior to and during the operation of such machinery or equipment.
Appropriate warning signs, fencing, barricading or personnel shall be placed a sufficient distance from
such area and in a timely fashion to ensure that the Public cannot inadvertently enter the area.
Where loads are hoisted or where other overhead Hazards exist a clear area below sufficient to prevent
Hazards to the Public shall be barricaded to prevent inadvertent access by the Public.
Where ambient noise or noise from construction operation makes it difficult to hear warnings or signals
given by mobile equipment, ships, vessels, boats and aircraft such warnings or signals shall be
increased in decibels so they can be heard over other sounds. If this is inappropriate or impractical,
visual signals shall be established to protect the Public from such operation. Visual or radio contact
shall be maintained between the mobile equipment operators and the designated persons providing
protection or signals. Spotters for equipment operators, trucking, etc. can be used as alternative to
ensure safety of workers and public.
Falling Objects/Windblown Objects - Barriers, catch platforms, enclosures, perimeter debris netting,
vertical debris netting or other administrative or engineering controls must be employed to prevent any
construction object or debris from reaching or creating a Hazard to the Public.
Public areas adjacent to jobsite shall be protected by sheds, overhangs, platforms, scaffolding or similar
structures with sufficient structural strength to reduce Hazards to pedestrians from falling objects or
debris.
Effort should be made to prevent construction material, tools, debris, waste, equipment or other items
propelled or entering Public areas (such as by wind, water or contact with other operations) by ensuring
that they are contained, secured, tied-off, removed, braced, enclosed, restrained, etc. in such a way as to
prevent such objects from falling or being picked up by the wind.
Security - Measures to prevent the public from access to the jobsite shall be established.
Where control of access is not practicable, locking, barricading or removal of equipment, supplies,
material, access ways or other items that pose a Hazard shall be undertaken.
The need for security systems or personnel during or after work hours to ensure that the Public cannot
gain access to the jobsite shall be considered.
A list of personnel with authorization to access the jobsite during non-work hours shall be provided to
applicable Authorities and security personnel.
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All security plans shall be communicated to local enforcement Authorities including the list of
personnel responsible to respond to assist such Authorities. Such list shall be periodically updated or
affirmed.
Pollution - Construction operations that generate waste, debris, byproducts, or other contaminants that
can be carried to adjacent areas which could result in pollution, degradation, or contamination shall be
evaluated and such activity/operation shall be controlled to eliminate the problem.
Project waste shall only be moved to such facilities that are licensed, certified, or otherwise qualified to
accept waste and process it in an approved manner.
Water-borne run-off or contaminants which can be carried to any municipal storm sewer system shall
be evaluated. Where run-off may pose a pollution Hazard, actions to control the contaminants shall be
taken.
On site sanitation facilities shall be provided for Non-sewered Waste-disposal Systems-Minimum
Requirements.
Utilities - The location of all utilities including but not limited to water, gas, electric, steam, hydraulic,
sewer, fuel oil, air, hydraulics shall be established as soon as possible prior to the starting of
construction by a Qualified person. This information shall be communicated in the project documents to
all effected Contractors. Markings and other identifiers shall be placed wherever possible as a visual
warning to all who may inadvertently come into contact with such utilities.
The location of utilities shall be marked on drawings at start of project. New utilities placed or old
utilities deactivated shall be updated on a continuing basis during the course of the project.
In all cases the Public shall be protected from contact with or exposure to any hazard presented by
utilities.
Hazardous Materials and Substances - Materials which are considered hazardous which are stored at
a Project shall be stored away from public in approved, properly labeled containers. Storage buildings
or facilities shall be constructed and located away from the Public. Storage areas shall be posted with
warning signs. Emergency response personnel shall be furnished with information regarding the
location, quantity, and type of materials or substances which are stored at the Project and provided with
material safety data sheets (MSDS) as requested.
Injuries/Damage - Any injury or damage to the Public observed or brought to the attention of any
member of the workforce shall immediately be assessed for severity and secure medical help.
Appropriate action shall be taken to minimize further injury or damage as needed.
The area where the injury or damage occurred shall be secured to prevent intrusion or disruption by any
member of the workforce until proper investigation, and documentation has taken place.
Vibrations and Subsidence - Construction operations that produce ground or air vibration or could
result in subsidence of adjacent land, trenches, or structures shall be analyzed and means taken to
prevent damage or injury. Operations such as pile driving, dewatering, vibrating, blasting, drilling,
hammering, trenching, excavating, pounding, wrecking/collapsing, placement or extraction of sheeting,
heavy equipment traffic, rail traffic, compressed air or steam releases are examples. Before the start of
any construction activity in the proximity of building structures or land that could be affected by such
operations, a pre-operations survey of the surrounding area, structures, and appurtenances shall be
completed. At a minimum, visual survey with recorded findings shall be completed of the outside of all
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structures and the inside where possible, with photographs taken whenever possible. Apparent
weaknesses or deterioration in structures, facility, or land shall be conveyed prior to the start of
construction.
When warranted, structural and geological investigation shall be made to ensure that operations will not
cause subsidence to adjacent structures. Excavation shall be shored or otherwise protected to assure
protection to adjacent Public property.
Periodic monitoring of adjacent roadways, waterways, airways, sidewalks, buildings and utilities shall
be undertaken during construction operations.
Periodic monitoring visual inspection during construction operations shall be performed to ensure that
any changes, subsidence or damage as a result from construction operations are detected.
In public areas all excavations, cuts, and trenches shall be backfilled with approved material and
properly tamped and compacted as soon as possible.
Emergency Action Plan - An emergency action plan(s) shall be incorporated as part of the Public
Hazard Control Plan to delineate actions to be taken and responsibilities in the event of an emergency
such as flood, chemical spill or leak, fire, electrical outage, collapse, fatality or a multiple injury
accident, fatality, serious inclement weather, or catastrophe.
Personnel on the jobsite shall be instructed as to the emergency procedures that are to be undertaken in
the event an emergency arises involving or affecting the Public.
Public Contempt or Protest - A plan for dealing with a member of the Public who purposely places
themselves or others at risk by failing to observe or heed warnings shall be established. This may
require notification to agencies with authority to control Public activity (such as police, Coast Guard,
F.A.A.) and cessation of any work that may cause a hazard.
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MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
Introduction
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is dedicated to the protection of its employees from on the job injuries as a
result of potential hazards associated with all modes of motor vehicle operation.
General Motor Vehicle Safety Rules
Do not take chances. To arrive safely is more important than to arrive on time.
Drivers should be mentally and physically rested.
Consuming alcoholic beverages while driving, or driving while under the influence of alcohol or
restricted drugs, is prohibited. Infraction is grounds for immediate dismissal.
Drivers must have a valid driver’s license for the type of vehicle operated, and have license(s) in their
possession at all times while driving.
All drivers should be familiar with the traffic laws in the states in which they will operate.
Speed shall never be faster than a rate consistent with existing speed laws and road, traffic and weather
conditions. Posted speed limits must be obeyed.
Slow down and watch for children in school zones.
Seat belts should be worn by drivers and passengers at all times.
Check your vehicle daily before each trip, and check the vehicle visually each time before driving. Check
lights, tires, brakes, and steering particularly. An unsafe vehicle should not be operated until repairs are
made.
Drivers must report all arrests and traffic convictions to their company. Repeated traffic convictions or
failure to report traffic accidents or convictions may result in disciplinary action.
Drivers should make regular inspections of their vehicles. Inspections should include steering, brakes,
mirrors, lights, horn, tires, and windshield wipers. Any special safety items, such as back-up alarms,
should also be checked. Drivers should report all defects to their supervisor. Repairs should be made
immediately.
Loading
No person should be permitted to remain in or on a truck being loaded by excavating equipment or
cranes.
Material being loaded should be within the safe weight limits for the truck being used.
Loads projected over the end of the truck should be marked with a red flag and lighted at night.
Loose materials should be covered to prevent them from flying out of the vehicle while moving.
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Operating
Trucks operated on public highways should conform to the weight and clearance limitations of bridges,
power lines, overhead structures, and other restrictions.
All operators shall be required to stay within posted speed limits at all times.
Off-highway operation may require extra precautions to prevent shifting of the load while crossing rough
terrain.
A truck should be backed under the direction of a signal-person if the operator cannot clearly see the area
to the rear of the vehicle. If a truck is not equipped with an automatic backup alarm then signal person
shall be utilized.
Windshields and mirrors should not have obstructed views. Windshield mirrors and lights should be kept
clean.
Roads
Construction roads shall be maintained in safe operating condition at all times. Construction roads should
be wide and should not have sharp curves and changes in grade. Truck traffic should be routed to avoid
cross-traffic and pedestrian crossings whenever possible.
Transporting Personnel
No workers are permitted to get on or off a moving truck at any time.
Workers are required to ride within the space provided. They shall never ride on running boards, fenders,
bumpers, or on top of cabs.
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DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE POLICY
POLICY
Hendrick Construction, Inc. has a vital interest in maintaining a safe, healthy, and efficient working
environment. Being under the influence of a drug or alcohol on the job poses serious safety and health
risks to the user and to all those who work with the user. The use, sale, purchase, transfer, or possession
of an illegal drug or alcohol in the workplace is strictly prohibited.
HCI recognizes its obligations for the provision of services that are free of the influence of illegal drugs
and alcohol.
HCI has the right and obligation to maintain a safe, healthy, and efficient workplace for all of its
employees, and to protect the organization’s property, information, equipment, operations and reputation.
HCI further expresses its intent through this policy to comply with federal and state rules and regulations
that relate drug and alcohol free workplace.
As a condition of employment, all employees are required to abide by the terms of this policy and to
notify HCI management of any infraction in the workplace.
PURPOSE
This policy outlines the goals and objectives of the Hendrick Construction, Inc. drug and alcohol
testing program and provides guidance to supervisors and employees concerning their
responsibilities for carrying out the program.
SCOPE
This policy applies to all departments, all employees and all job applicants. The term employee
includes contracted employees.
DEFINITIONS
Alcohol: Any beverage that contains ethyl alcohol (ethanol), including but not limited to beer, wine and
distilled spirits.
Company premises or company facilities: All property of HCI including, but not limited to, the offices,
facilities and surrounding areas on Hendrick-owned or -leased property, parking lots, storage areas, and
jobsites. The term also includes Hendrick-owned or -leased vehicles and equipment wherever located.
Contraband: Illegal drugs and alcoholic beverages, drug paraphernalia, lethal weapons, firearms,
explosives, incendiaries, stolen property, counterfeit money, untaxed whiskey, and pornographic
materials.
Drug Testing: The scientific analysis of urine, blood, breath, saliva, hair, tissue, and other specimens of
the human body for the purpose of detecting a drug or alcohol.
Illegal Drug: Any drug which is not legally obtainable; any prescribed drug not legally obtained; any
prescribed drug not being used for the prescribed purpose; any over-the-counter drug being used at a
dosage level other than recommended by the manufacturer or being used for a purpose other than
intended by the manufacturer; and any drug being used for a purpose not in accordance with bona fide
medical therapy. Examples of illegal drugs are cannabis substances, such as marijuana and hashish,
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cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, phencyclidine (PCP), and so-called designer drugs and look-alike
drugs.
Legal Drug: Any prescribed medication or over-the-counter medication that has been legally obtained
and is being used for the purpose for which prescribed or manufactured.
Reasonable belief: A belief based on objective facts sufficient to lead a prudent person to conclude that a
particular employee is unable to satisfactorily perform his or her job duties due to drug or alcohol
impairment. Such inability to perform may include, but not be limited to, decreases in the quality or
quantity of the employee’s productivity, judgment, reasoning, concentration and psychomotor control,
and marked changes in behavior. Accidents, deviations from safe working practices and erratic conduct
indicative of impairment are examples of “reasonable belief” situations.
Under the Influence: A condition in which a person is affected by a drug or by alcohol in any detectable
manner. The symptoms of influence are not confined to those consistent with misbehavior, or to obvious
impairment of physical or mental ability, such as slurred speech or difficulty in maintaining balance. A
determination of being under the influence can be established by a professional opinion, a scientifically
valid test, such as urinalysis or blood analysis and in some cases by the opinion of a layperson.
EDUCATION
Supervisors and other management personnel are to be trained in:
a.
Detecting the signs and behavior of employees whom may be using drugs or alcohol in
violation of this policy;
b.
Intervening in situations that may involve violations of this policy;
c.
Recognizing the above activities as a direct job responsibility.
Employees are to be informed of:
a.
The health and safety dangers associated with drug and alcohol use;
b.
The provisions of this policy.
PROHIBITED ACTIVITIES
Legal Drugs
A. The undisclosed use of any legal drug by any employee while performing work for or on the
premises of HCI is prohibited. However, an employee may continue to work even though using a
legal drug if such use does not pose a threat to safety and the employee’s job performance is not
significantly affected. Otherwise, the employee may be required to take leave of absence or
comply with other appropriate action as determined by HCI management.
B. An employee whose medical therapy requires the use of a legal drug must report such use to his
or her supervisor prior to the performance of HCI business.
C. Hendrick Construction, Inc. at all times reserves the right to judge the effect that a legal drug may
have on job performance and to restrict the using employee’s work activity or presence at the
workplace accordingly.
Illegal Drugs and Alcohol
The use, sale, purchase, transfer, or possession of an illegal drug or of alcohol by any employee
while on HCI premises or while performing HCI business is prohibited.
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DISCIPLINE
Any employee who possesses, distributes, sells, attempts to sell, or transfers illegal drugs on HCI
premises or while on HCI business will be subject to discharge.
Any employee who is found to be in possession of or under the influence of alcohol in violation of this
policy will be subject to discharge.
Any employee who is found to be in possession of contraband in violation of this policy will be subject to
discipline up to and including discharge.
Any employee who is found through drug or alcohol testing to have in his or her body a detectable
amount of an illegal drug or of alcohol will be subject to discipline up to and including discharge.
Depending on the circumstances of the case, the employee may be offered a one-time opportunity to enter
and successfully complete a rehabilitation program. During rehabilitation, the employee will be subject to
unannounced drug or alcohol testing. Upon return to work from rehabilitation, the employee will be
subject to unannounced drug or alcohol testing for a period of 60 months. Any test that is confirmed as
positive during or following rehabilitation will result in discharge.
DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING OF JOB APPLICANTS
All applicants for employment, including applicants for part-time and seasonal positions and applicants
who are former employees are subject to drug and alcohol testing.
An applicant must pass the drug test to be considered for employment. An applicant will be notified of
HCI drug and alcohol testing policy prior to being tested. An applicant will be informed in writing of his
or her right to refuse such testing; and will be informed that the consequence of refusal is termination of
the pre-employment process.
An applicant will be provided written notice of this policy and by signature will acknowledge receipt and
understanding of the policy.
If evidence of the use of illegal drugs or alcohol by an applicant is discovered, either through testing or
other means, the pre-employment process will be terminated.
DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING OF EMPLOYEES
Hendrick Construction, Inc. will notify employees of this policy by:
a. Providing to each employee a copy of the policy, and obtaining a written acknowledgment from
each employee that the policy has been received and read.
b. Announcing the policy in various written communications and making presentations at
employee meetings.
Hendrick Construction, Inc. may perform drug or alcohol testing:
a. Of any employee who manifests “reasonable belief” behavior.
b. Of any employee who is involved in an accident that results or could result in the filing of a
Workers’ Compensation claim.
c. On a random basis of any employee.
d. Of any employee who is subject to drug or alcohol testing pursuant to federal or state rules,
regulations or laws.
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An employee’s consent to submit to drug or alcohol testing is required as a condition of employment and
the employee’s refusal to consent may result in disciplinary action, including discharge.
An employee who is tested in a “reasonable belief” situation may be suspended pending receipt of written
test results and whatever inquiries may be required.
APPEAL OF A DRUG OR ALCOHOL TEST RESULT
An applicant or employee whose drug or alcohol test reported positive will be offered the opportunity of a
meeting to offer an explanation. The purpose of the meeting will be to determine if there is any reason
that a positive finding could have resulted from some cause other than drug or alcohol use.
An employee whose drug or alcohol test is reported positive will be offered the opportunity to:
a.
Obtain and independently test, at the employee’s expense, the remaining portion of the urine
specimen that yielded the positive result;
b.
Obtain the written test result and submit it to an independent medical review at the employee’s
expense.
The employee may use Hendrick Construction, Inc. medical benefits, to the extent that coverage may
apply, for meeting the costs of the above.
During the period of an appeal and any resulting inquiries, the pre-employment selection process for an
applicant will be placed on hold, and the employment status of an employee may be suspended. An
employee who is suspended pending appeal will be permitted to use any available annual leave in order to
remain in an active pay status. If the employee has no annual leave or chooses not to use it, the suspension
will be without pay.
REHABILITATION AND EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE
Rehabilitation assistance in lieu of discharge may be offered:
a. To any employee, who has requested rehabilitation assistance, provided that the request is
unrelated to an identification of the employee as a violator of this policy.
b. To any employee who has violated this policy, provided that the violation does not involve
selling or transferring illegal drugs, or serious misconduct.
An employee who is in rehabilitation will be suspended, except that--when indicated by the circumstances
of the case and the written recommendation of a licensed physician or recognized rehabilitation
professional--an employee may be permitted to work while undergoing rehabilitation on an outside-ofwork basis. The written recommendation must include a statement to the effect that the employee’s
presence in the workplace will not constitute a safety hazard to the employee, co-workers or others.
An employee whose rehabilitative therapy involves drug maintenance, hospitalization or detoxification
will not be considered for the exception from suspension described above.
An employee who is in rehabilitation or who has completed rehabilitation will be allowed to return to
work upon presentation of a written release signed by a licensed physician or recognized rehabilitation
professional. The release must include a statement to the effect that the employee’s presence in the
workplace will not constitute a safety hazard to the employee, co-worker or others.
Rehabilitation assistance given by Hendrick Construction, Inc. will be:
a. Limited to those medical benefits that may be available in the employee’s medical benefits
plan.
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b. Obtained by the employee during times that will not conflict with the employee’s work time.
The employee may use any available sick leave or annual leave to be absent from the job with
pay during rehabilitation.
c.
HCI will provide to any employee, upon request and at no cost to the employee, information concerning
local resources that are available for the treatment of drug and alcohol related problems.
INSPECTIONS AND SEARCHES
Hendrick Construction, Inc. may conduct unannounced general inspections and searches for drugs or
alcohol on HCI premises, HCI vehicles and equipment wherever located. Employees are expected to
cooperate.
Search of an employee and his or her personal property may be made when there is reasonable belief to
conclude that the employee is in violation of this policy.
An employee’s consent to a search is required as a condition of employment, and the employee’s refusal
to consent may result in disciplinary action, including discharge, even for a first refusal.
Illegal drugs, drugs believed to be illegal, and drug paraphernalia found on HCI property will be turned
over to the appropriate law enforcement agency and the full cooperation given to any subsequent
investigation. Substances that cannot be identified as an illegal drug by a layman’s examination will be
turned over to a forensic laboratory for scientific analysis.
Other forms of contraband, such as firearms, explosives, and lethal weapons, will be subject to seizure
during an inspection or search. An employee who is found to possess contraband on HCI property or
while on HCI business will be subject to discipline up to and including discharge.
If an employee is the subject of a drug-related investigation by HCI or by a law enforcement agency, the
employee may be suspended pending completion of the investigation.
CONFIDENTIALITY
All information relating to drug or alcohol testing or the identification of persons as users of drugs and
alcohol will be protected by HCI as confidential unless otherwise required by law, overriding public
health and safety concerns, or authorized in writing by the persons in question.
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SUPERVISOR'S CHECKLIST FOR MAKING
REASONABLE CAUSE DETERMINATION
Employee's name__________________________________________________
Department______________________________________________________
Date(s)__________________________________________________________
KNOWING THE SIGNS
The indicators listed below are "warning signs" of drug and/or alcohol abuse and may be observed by
supervisors:
Moods:
Depressed
Anxious
Irritable
Suspicious
Complains about others
Emotional unsteadiness (e.g., outbursts of crying)
Mood changes after lunch or break
Actions:
Withdrawn or improperly talkative
Spends excessive amount of time on the telephone
Argumentative
Has exaggerated sense of self-importance
Displays violent behavior
Avoids talking with supervisor regarding work issues
Absenteeism:
Acceleration of absenteeism and tardiness, especially Mondays, Friday, before and after holidays
Frequent unreported absences, later explained as "emergencies"
Unusually high incidence of colds, flu, upset stomach, headaches
Frequent use of unscheduled vacation time
Leaving work area more than necessary (e.g., frequent trips to water fountain and bathroom)
Unexplained disappearances from the job with difficulty in locating employee
Requesting to leave work early for various reasons
Accidents:
Taking of needless risks
Disregard for safety of others
Higher than average accident rate on and off the job
Work Patterns:
Inconsistency in quality of work
High and low periods of productivity
Poor judgment/more mistakes than usual and general carelessness
Lapses in concentration
Difficulty in recalling instructions
Difficulty in remembering own mistakes
Using more time to complete work/missing deadlines
Increased difficulty in handling complex situations
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Relationship to Others on the Job:
Overreaction to real or imagined criticism (paranoid)
Avoiding and withdrawing from peers
Complaints from co-workers
Borrowing money from fellow employees
Persistent job transfer requests
Complaints of problems at home such as separation, divorce and child discipline problems
OBSERVING AND DOCUMENTING CURRENT INDICATORS
Patterns of any of the above conduct or combinations of conduct may occur but must be accompanied
by indicators of impairment in order to establish "reasonable cause." Please check all indicators listed
below that are currently present:
____ Constricted pupils
____ Dilated pupils
____ Scratching
____ Red or watering eyes
____ Involuntary eye movements
____ Sniffles
____ Excessively active
____ Nausea or vomiting
____ Flushed skin
____ Sweating
____ Yawning
____ Twitching
____ Violent behavior
____ Drowsiness
____ Odor of alcohol
____ Nasal secretion
____ Dizziness
____ Muscular incoordination
____ Unconsciousness
____ Inability to verbalize
____ Irritable
____ Argumentative
____ Difficulty concentrating
____ Slurred speech
____ Bizarre behavior
____ Needle marks
____ Possession of paraphernalia (such as syringe, bent spoon, metal bottle cap, medicine dropper,
glassine bag, paint can, glue tube, nitrite bulb, or aerosol can)
____ Possession of substance that appears to possibly be a drug or alcohol
____ Other ______________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
DETERMINING REASONABLE CAUSE
If you are able to document one or more of the indicators above, ask yourself these questions to establish
reasonable cause:
Y N
[ ] [ ] Has some form of impairment been shown in the employee's appearance, actions or work
performance?
[ ] [ ] Does the impairment result from the possible use of drugs or alcohol?
[ ] [ ] Are the facts reliable? Did you witness the situation personally, or are you sure that the witness(es)
are reliable and have provided firsthand information?
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Y N
[ ] [ ] Are the facts capable of explanation?
[ ] [ ] Are the facts capable of documentation?
[ ] [ ] Is the impairment current, today, now?
Do NOT proceed with reasonable cause testing unless all of the above questions are answered with a
YES.
TAKING ACTION
____ Reasonable cause established
____ Reasonable cause NOT established
Prepared by:
Supervisor's/Manager's Signature:__________________________________________________
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APPLICANT'S CONSENT TO DRUG/ALCOHOL TESTING
I understand it is the policy of Hendrick Construction, Inc. (HCI) to conduct drug and/or alcohol tests of
job applicants for the purpose of detecting drug and/or alcohol abuse. For consideration of employment
with HCI it is a requirement to satisfactorily pass the drug and/or alcohol test(s).
For the purpose of being further considered for employment, I hereby agree to submit to a drug and/or
alcohol test.
I understand that favorable test results will not necessarily guarantee that I will be employed by Hendrick
Construction, Inc.
If I am accepted for employment, I agree to take drug and/or alcohol tests whenever requested by HCI,
and I understand that the taking of such tests is a condition of my continued employment.
I also give consent to the testing agency to release to HCI and other officially interested parties the results
of my tests.
At this time I consent to a drug and/or alcohol test.
______________________________________________________________________
Signature of Applicant
Date signed
______________________________________________________________________
Printed name of Applicant
Signature of witness
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EMPLOYEE NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF
HENDRICK CONSTRUCTION, INC.
TESTING REQUIREMENTS
PART 1: NOTICE
This is to inform you that Hendrick Construction, Inc. (HCI) conducts testing to identify job applicants
and current employees who may be abusing drugs and/or alcohol.
A copy of HCI's policy on this matter is attached to this notice.
You have the right to refuse testing. However, the consequences of refusal to undergo testing will result
in the termination of the pre-employment selection process. Employees who refuse to undergo testing will
result in disciplinary action up to and including discharge.
An applicant who fails a test will not be hired, and an employee who fails a test will be subject to
disciplinary action up to and including discharge.
Remaining drug-and/or alcohol-free and participation in HCI’s drug and/or alcohol testing program is a
condition of continued employment.
PART II: ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I acknowledge receipt and understanding of the above written notice and agree to abide by the terms of
Hendrick Construction, Inc.'s policy pertaining to drugs and alcohol.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Signature
Date signed
_____________________________________________________________________________
Printed name
Signature of witness
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EMPLOYEE NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT FOR TESTING
AFTER REHABILITATION
PART 1: NOTICE
Hendrick Construction, Inc. is pleased to learn that you are returning to duty after successfully completing
an approved program of drug and/or alcohol rehabilitation.
In accordance with Hendrick Construction, Inc.'s drug-and alcohol-free workplace program, you will be
subject to follow-up drug and/or alcohol testing without prior notice for not more than 60 months after
return to duty.
This program of follow-up testing will be in addition to the other testing requirements imposed on all
employees, such as reasonable cause testing, post-accident testing and random testing.
PART II: ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I acknowledge receipt, understanding and acceptance of the above written notice.
____________________________________________________________________________
Signature
Date signed
____________________________________________________________________________
Printed name
Signature of witness
Page 130 of 130
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