802.11 G Outdoor Wireless Bridge/Access Point

802.11 G Outdoor Wireless Bridge/Access Point
AirLive WH-5410-20
802.11G Outdoor Wireless Bridge/Access Point
User’s Manual
Default IP Address : 192.168.1.20
Default User name : Admin
Default Password : <Leave blank>
Default SSID : Generic
Default Channel : <Smart select>
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The Wireless Technology
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Standard
The Wireless Access Point utilizes the 802.11b and the 802.11g standards. The
IEEE 802.11g standard is an extension of the 802.11b standard. It increases
the data rate up to 54 Mbps (108Mbps in Super G mode) within the 2.4GHz
band, utilizing OFDM technology. This means that in most environments, within
the specified range of this device, you will be able to transfer large files quickly
or even watch a movie in MPEG format you’re your network without noticeable
delays. This technology works by transmitting high-speed digital data over a
radio wave utilizing OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing)
technology. OFDM works by splitting the radio signal into multiple smaller
sub-signals that are then transmitted simultaneously at different frequencies to
the receiver. OFDM reduces the amount of cross talk (interference) in signal
transmissions. The AP will automatically sense the best possible connection
speed to ensure the greatest speed and range possible. 802.11g offers the
most advanced network security features available today, including: WPA, TKIP,
AES and Pre-Shared Key mode.
Planning Your Wireless Network
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Network Topology
A wireless network is a group of computers, each equipped with one wireless
adapter. Computers in a wireless network must be configured to share the
same radio channel. Several PCs equipped with wireless cards or adapters can
communicate with one another to form an ad-hoc network. The wireless
adapters also provide users access to a wired network when using an access
point or wireless router. An integrated wireless and wired network is called an
infrastructure network. Each wireless PC in an infrastructure network can talk
to any computer in a wired network infrastructure via the access point or
wireless router. An infrastructure configuration extends the accessibility of a
wireless PC to a wired network, and may double the effective wireless
transmission range for two wireless adapter PCs. Since an access point is able
to forward data within a network, the effective transmission range in an
infrastructure network may be doubled.
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Roaming
Infrastructure mode also supports roaming capabilities for mobile users.
Roaming means that you can move your wireless PC within your network and
the access points will pick up the wireless PC's signal, providing that they both
share the same channel and SSID. Before enabling you consider roaming,
choose a feasible radio channel and optimum access point position. Proper
access point positioning combined with a clear radio signal will greatly enhance
performance.
Network Layout
The AP Access Point has been designed for use with 802.11g and 802.11b
products. With 802.11g products communicating with the 802.11b standard,
products using these standards can communicate with each other. The Access
point is compatible with 802.11g and 802.11b adapters, such at the PC Cards
for your laptop computers, PCI Card for your desktop PC, and USB Adapters for
when you want to enjoy USB connectivity. These wireless products can also
communicate with a 802.11g or 802.11b wireless Print Server. When you wish
to connect your wired network with your wireless network, the Access Point’s
network port can be used to connect to any of switches or routers.
Installation Considerations
The AP lets you access your network, using a wireless connection, from
virtually anywhere within its operating range. Keep in mind, however, that the
number, thickness and location of walls, ceilings, or other objects that the
wireless signals must pass through, may limit the range. Typical ranges vary
depending on the types of materials and background RF (radio frequency)
noise in your home or business. The key to maximizing wireless range is to
follow these basic guidelines:
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Keep your product away (at least 3-6 feet or 1-2 meters) from electrical
devices or appliances that generate RF noise.
Keep the number of walls and ceilings between the AP and other network
devices to a minimum - each wall or ceiling can reduce your AP’s range
from 3-90 feet (1-30 meters.) Position your devices so that the number of
walls or ceilings is minimized.
Be aware of the direct line between network devices. A wall that is 1.5 feet
thick(.5 meters), at a 45-degree angle appears to be almost 3 feet (1
meter) thick. At a 2-degree angle it looks over 42 feet (14 meters) thick!
Position devices so that the signal will travel straight through a wall or
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ceiling (instead of at an angle) for better reception.
Building materials can impede the wireless signal - a solid metal door or
aluminum studs may have a negative effect on range. Try to position
wireless devices and computers with wireless adapters so that the signal
passes through drywall or open doorways and not other materials.
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Network Topology – AP Mode and Client Mode
Wireless AP
Wireless
Mode
Client Mode
Network Topology – Gaming Bridge Mode
Peer to Peer
Gaming
Ad hoc
Ad hoc
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Network Topology – Repeater Mode
Wireless
Repeater Mode
Network Topology – WDS Point to Point Mode
Wireless
Client Mode
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Network Topology – WDS Point to Multi-Point Mode
WDS P2MP
Mode
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CPE Installation Diagram
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Hardware Installation
™
Making a Connection
Attention:
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The cable distance between the Router and PC/hub/Switch should
not exceed 100 meters.
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Make sure the wiring is correct. In 10Mbps operation, Category
3/4/5 cable can be used for connection. To reliably operate your
network at 100Mbps, you must use Category 5 cable, or better
Data Grade.
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AP Configuration Using Locator
While entering the Locator utility, the Locator will automatically search the AP
available on the same network. Locator will show the Device Name, Device
Type, IP Address, Ethernet MAC Address and Firmware Version in first page.
Before start using Locator, make sure you disable personal firewall installed in
you PC. (Ex. Windows XP personal firewall)
To setup the access point, just simply click on the “Setup Wizard” icon and
the Locator configuration utility will lead you step by step to finish all the
settings. After click on the “Setup Wizard” icon, the first page show up will be
“Login”. Please input your user name and password into the column. Default
user name and password ex-factory as below:
User Name: Admin
Password: (leave blank)
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After type in correct user name and password, the utility will lead you into “IP
Setting” page. Here you can choose to get IP from a DHCP server or specify IP
address manually. Choose to obtain an IP address from DHCP server if your
environment or ISP provide DHCP server. Otherwise, you can manually setup IP
address. Keep the default IP setting if you are not familiar with TCP/IP setting.
After you finish IP setting, click on “Next” to continue the configuration.
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You may assign any name to the Access Point. Memorable, Unique names are
helpful especially if you are employing multiple access points on the same
network. The device name needs to be less than 32 characters. After verify the
name you input and click “Next” to continue the setting.
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The following page is operation mode setting. Default operation mode is Access
Point, this connects your wireless PCs and devices to a wired network. In most
cases, no change is necessary. You can switch operation mode to Wireless
Client or Repeater mode depends on your application. Wireless Client mode can
allow AP act as a client within its range. Your Ethernet devices behind the AP
can connect to remote AP. Repeater mode is able to talk with one remote
access point within its range and retransmit its signal. Choose repeater mode if
you want to extend the range of your original AP.
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Here we choose the AP to work in Access Point mode, and then the utility will
ask for SSID, Channel and Wireless Mode. Keep the default value if you do not
have special requirement for these settings.
SSID: Generic
Channel: Smart Select
Wireless Mode: 2.4GHz 54Mbps (802.11g)
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Next page is wireless security setting; you can choose different level of security
support for your wireless environment here. The default value is “Disable”
which means anybody who can receive the wireless signal can link to your
access point. Once you choose different security level, your wireless LAN card
will also need to have corresponding security setting as well. Keep default value
if you are not familiar with wireless security setting.
With default setting “Disable” may cause your wireless network vulnerable to
hacker or even neighbor since there is not any encryption or authentication
protect. But this setting will help you to get best connectivity with most wireless
clients available.
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After finish the security setting, you can click on the “Finish” button to jump to
confirmation page. In the confirmation page, the Locator utility will show you
the new settings and old settings in a comparison chart. If you agree with all
the changes in the table, just easily click on the “OK” button. All settings will
take effect immediately after system reboot.
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Congratulations!! Now you have finished all setting needed to the
access point by just few mouse clicks.
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AP Configuration Using Web User Interface
Before Setup...
™ Verify the IP address setting
You need to configure your PC’s network settings to obtain an IP address.
Computer use IP addresses to communicate with each other across a network,
such as the Internet.
1. From the taskbar, click the Start button, select Settings > Control
Panel. From there, double-click the Network connections icon.
2. Right click the Local Area Connection icon Properties; select the
TCP/IP line for the applicable Ethernet adapter. Then, click the
Properties button.
3. Click the IP Address tab page, select USE the following IP
address, type 192.168.254.254 ( but, 192.168.x.x for the device
use) in the IP Address field and 255.255.0.0 in the Subnet Mask
field, then click OK button.
Start Setup by Browser...
1.
After getting the correct connection, start the web browser (make
sure you disable the proxy) and type 192.168.x.x (x is outdoor
unit ip Address) in the Address field. Press Enter.
2.
Enter the factory default User name and Password fields:
User Name: Admin
Password: (leave blank)
then click OK button.
You will enter the Utility homepage.
3.
Start Setup by Locator...
1.
You just need to click on the “Web” icon in Locator main page. The
Locator will launch a default browser for you and lead you into web UI
directly
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Wireless Configuration - AP Mode
System Status –
The first page appears in main page will show “System Status -> System
Summary” automatically, you can find detail system configuration in this page
including
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System Information – This will display system name and both Ethernet
MAC address and Wireless MAC address. Current country setting and
firmware version will also be available here.
Current IP Settings – This section show current IP address setting
including IP address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway and DHCP status.
Current Wireless Settings – This area show current wireless setting
including operation mode, wireless mode, SSID, channel and security
setting.
System Configuration –
Now you can start to configure the system. In System Properties page, you
can config
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Device Name – You may assign any name to the Access Point.
Memorable, Unique names are helpful especially if you are employing
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multiple access points on the same network. The device name needs to be
less than 32 characters. After verify the name you input and click “Apply”
to save the setting.
Country/Region – Here you can set the AP to follow different country
and region regulation. The AP can support
Operation Mode - The default operation mode is Access Point, this
connects your wireless PCs and devices to a wired network. In most cases,
no change is necessary. You can switch operation mode to Wireless Client
or Repeater mode depends on your application. Wireless Client mode can
allow AP act as a client within its range. Your Ethernet devices behind the
AP can connect to remote AP. Repeater is able to talk with one remote
access point within its range and retransmit its signal. Choose repeater
mode if you want to extend the range of your original AP.
Administration –
In the administration page, you can modify “Administrator Name” and
“Password”. Changing the sign-on user name and password is as easy as
typing the string you wish in the column. Then, type the password into second
column to confirm. Click “Apply” to finish the procedure. Be sure you noted
the modification before apply all changes.
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IP Settings –
IP Setting page can configure system IP address. Default IP address is
192.168.x.x and Subnet Mask is 255.255.0.0. You can manually input IP
address setting or get an IP from a DHCP server.
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IP Network Setting – Here you can choose to get IP from a DHCP server
or specify IP address manually. Choose to obtain an IP address from DHCP
server if your environment or ISP provide DHCP server. Otherwise, you can
manually setup IP address.
IP Address – The IP address need to be unique to your network. We
would like to recommend you stay with default IP address 192.168.x.x.
This is private address and should work well with your original
environment.
IP Subnet Mask – The Subnet Mask must be the same as that set on
your Ethernet network.
Default Gateway – If you have assigned a static IP address to the
Access Point, then enter the IP address of your network’s Gateway, such as
a router, in the Gateway field. If your network does not have a Gateway,
then leave this field blank.
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Wireless Network At Wireless Network page can set “SSID” / “Wireless Mode” and “Channel”.
AP supports not only standard 11b/g but also 108M SuperG. (Note: 108 M
SuperG only works with Atheros® based 11a/g solution)
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Wireless Network Name (SSID) - The SSID is the unique name shared
among all points in a wireless network. The SSID must be identical for all
points in the wireless network. It is case-sensitive and must not exceed 32
alphanumeric characters, which may be any keyboard character. Make
sure this setting is the same for all points in your wireless network. For
added security, you should change the SSID from the default name
Generic, to a unique name.
Suppressed SSID – This option can hide the SSID not available from site
survey tool. Enable this function only if you do not want the Access Point to
be found by others.
Wireless Mode – Default setting is “2.4GHz 54Mbps (802.11g)”. This
will support all 802.11b/g clients connect to the AP. You can choose
“2.4GHz 11Mbps (802.11b)” in wireless mode column if your
environment only have 802.11b clients. The final selection “2.4GHz
108Mbps (802.11 SuperG)” supports high speed 108Mbps SuperG
function. In order to support SuperG 108M transmission, all wireless clients
will need to be Atheros® solution.
Channel / Frequency – Select the appropriate channel from the list
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provided to correspond with your network settings. All points in your
wireless network must use the same channel in order to function correctly.
The default setting is “SmartSelect” means the system will pick best
channel for you automatically. Stay with default setting if you do not have
special request on channel selection.
Wireless Security The wireless security settings configure the security of your wireless network.
There are three wireless security mode options supported by the Access Point:
WEP, WPA-PSK and WPA. (WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access, which is a
security standard stronger than WEP encryption. WEP stands for Wired
Equivalent Privacy.)
In Wireless Security page, you can configure the AP to work with No Security,
WEP, WPA-PSK and WPA security mode. Once you setup the AP to work in
security mode, all wireless stations will also need to have corresponding
settings. System default setting is “No Security”.
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WEP is a basic encryption method, which is not as secure as WPA. To use WEP,
you will need to select a default transmit key and a level of WEP encryption,
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Authentication type – Select “Open System” to communicate the key
across the network. Select “Share Key” to limit communication to only
those devices that share the same WEP settings.
Shared keys input type – Select HEX or ASCII depends on your
preference
Key table – You can input 4 different WEP encryption keys into the table
and by choosing the radio button to decide which one is valid now. The AP
supports 64, 128 and 152bit key length. The longer key we choose usually
means the encryption is stronger.
After all changes are made, be sure to click on “Apply” to make sure all
changes are saved into system.
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WPA-PSK stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access – Pre-Shared Key. WPA-PSK is
design for home users who do not have RADIUS server in their network
environment. WPA can provide better security level than WEP without difficult
setting procedure.
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PassPhrase - Enter a WPA Shared Key of 8-63 characters. The Shared
Key should be also applying the clients work in the same wireless network.
Cipher Type - WPA gives you two encryption methods, TKIP and AES,
with dynamic encryption keys. Select the type of algorithm, TKIP or AES.
Group Key Renewal period - Enter a number of seconds which instructs
the Access point how often it should change the encryption keys. Usually
the security level will be higher if you set the period shorter to change
encryption keys more often. Default value is 1800 seconds, set 0 in Group
Key Renewal period to disable key renewal.
Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before
leaving this page.
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WPA option features WPA used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This
should only be used when a RADIUS server is connected to the Access Point.)
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RADIUS Server – Here enter the IP address of your RADIUS server.
RADIUS Port – Port number for RADIUS service, default value is 1812
RADIUS Secret – RADIUS secret is the key shared between Access Point
and RADIUS server.
Cipher Type – WPA gives you two encryption methods, TKIP and AES,
with dynamic encryption keys. Select the type of algorithm, TKIP or AES.
Group Key Update Interval – This column indicate how often should
the Access Point change the encryption key.
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Wireless Advance Settings The page below can help users to configure advanced wireless setting. Before
making any changes at this page, please check your wireless settings on other
system as well, as these changes will alter the effectiveness of the Access Point.
In most cases, these settings do not need to be changed.
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Data Rate – In data rate column you can select all bit rate supported in
current operation mode. Default value is “best” means the system will
automatically adjust the connection speed dynamically according to your
current link status.
Transmit Power – You can reduce RF output power by selecting Half
(-3dB) / Quarter (-6dB) / Eighth (-9dB) / Minimum. To change transmit
power may decrease your wireless signal coverage.
Beacon Interval (20-1000) – This value indicates the frequency
interval of the beacon. A beacon is a packet broadcast by the Access Point
to keep the network synchronized. A beacon includes the wireless LAN
service area, the AP address, the Broadcast destination address, a time
stamp, Delivery Traffic Indicator Maps, and the Traffic Indicator Message
(TIM).
Data Beacon Rate (DTIM) (1-16384) – This value indicated how often
the Access Point sends out a Delivery Traffic Indication Message. Lower
settings result in more efficient networking, while preventing your PC from
dropping into power-saving sleep mode. Higher settings allow your PC to
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enter sleep mode, thus saving power, but interferes with wireless
transmissions.
Fragment Length (256-2346) – This specifies the maximum size a
data packet will be before splitting and creating a new packet and should
remain at its default setting of 2,346. A smaller setting means smaller
packets, which will create more packets for each transmission. If you have
decreased this value and experience high packet error rates, you can
increase it again, but it will likely decrease overall network performance.
Only minor modifications of this value are recommended.
RTS/CTS Threshold (256-2346) – This setting determines how larget
a packet can be before the Access Point coordinates transmission and
reception to ensure efficient communication. This value should remain at
its default setting of 2,346. Should you encounter inconsistent data flow,
only minor modifications are recommended.
Short Preamble – Preambles are a sequence of binary bits that help the
receivers synchronize and ready for receipt of a data transmission. Some
older wireless systems like 802.11b implementation use shorter preambles.
If you are having difficulty connecting to an older 802.11b device, try to
enable short preamble.
Protection Mode – Protection Mode should remain default value (Auto)
unless you are having severe problems with your 11g Wireless LAN
products not being able to transmit to the Access Point in an environment
with heavy 802.11b traffic. To enable this function boosts the Access
Point’s ability to catch all 11g Wireless transmissions but will severely
decrease performance.
Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before
leaving this page.
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Wireless Station List Wireless Station List page can help user identify current clients who already
associated to the AP. You can also click on the MAC address column then the
system will show the detail technical information for each wireless station.
The page below describes the detail connection information with each station.
You can get all information needed right here.
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Backup/Restore Setting / Firmware Upgrade and Reboot In Management section, you can Backup/Restore Setting, Firmware
Upgrade and Reboot the system in following pages.
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Backup the current settings to a file – Click on the “Backup” button,
system will prompt you where to save the backup file. You can choose the
directory to save your configuration file.
Restore settings from a backup file – Here you can restore the
configuration file from where you previous saved.
Restore factory default setting – Be very carefully before restore
system back to default since you will lose all current settings immediately.
If you act the function, the ip address will restore the establishing value
situation.
192.168.1.20 in the IP Address field and 255.255.255.0 in the
Subnet Mask field,
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Firmware Upgrade – Enter the location of the firmware upgrade file in
the file path field, or click the “Browse” button to find the firmware
upgrade file. Then click on the “Upgrade” button, and follow the
on-screen instructions. The whole firmware upgrade process will take
around 60 seconds. Before upgrade, make sure you are using correct
version. Double check with your technical support service if available.
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Reboot – Click on “Reboot” button to restart Access Point.
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Wireless Configuration – WDS Mode (P2P & P2MP)
WDS (Wireless Distribution System) operation as defined by the IEEE802.11
standard has been made available. In IEEE 802.11 terminology a "Distribution
System" is system that Interconnects, so-called, Basic Service Sets (BSS). A
BSS is best compared to a "Cell", driven by a single Access Point (one of those
circles in the diagram below). So a "Distribution System" connects cells in order
to build a premise wide network which allows users of mobile equipment to
roam and stay connected to the available network resources.
WDS is used for wirelessly connect Access Points, and in doing so extend a
wired infrastructure to locations where cabling is not possible or inefficient to
implement. (Be sure you understand the purpose of WDS mode before proceed
configuration.)
The WDS mode is coexisting with Access Point mode in this AP, therefore, you
can support regular wireless stations and WDS link at the same time. In the
“WDS Settings page”, click the “Enable WDS” check box and switch the
“Mode” to “Enable”. Then you are able to fill in MAC Address of each WDS
link.
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Considerations before installation –
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Loop Prevention – Be careful to plan you WDS connections, prevent
your wireless network topology to have loop. Once loop shows up, you
network traffic will become unstable.
Performance – The system can support up to 8 WDS links. But all links
and wireless stations that operate at the same time will all share single
radio bandwidth. (Ex. 11g have 54Mbps bandwidth)
Latency – In the chain topology configuration, if the chain becomes very
long, end-to-end latency issue may come in play. We suggest the WDS link
topology planning should not exceed 2 hops in chain configuration.
WDS Security –
WDS now only supports limit wireless security protocol and will have full
dependency with Access Point mode security settings. Here lists 4 different AP
security settings below:
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No Security – Both AP and WDS traffic transmit without encryption
WEP – Both AP and WDS traffic are encrypted by the same WEP key
WPA-PSK – The AP work in WPA-PSK mode and WDS link is no security
WPA – The AP work in WPA mode and WDS link is no security
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Wireless Configuration – Wireless Client Mode
AP can also work as an Ethernet client bridge to connect up to 16 Ethernet
device into wireless network. In order to setup the AP to work in Ethernet
bridge mode, you need to choose “Wireless Client” mode and click “Apply”
at System Properties page. After need to reboot the AP to make sure the AP
work in client mode.
After the system reboot is done, you can see the page as below. Status page
show the AP is now working in Wireless Client mode.
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Connection Status z
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Connection – This column show current connection status. If AP already
connect to an Access Point or station, here will show the MAC address of
the associated Access Point or station. Otherwise, connection column will
show “N/A” which means no connection to any Access Point or station.
Network Type – Here indicates the Access Point works in AP mode or
Client mode (Infrastructure mode / Ad Hoc mode)
SSID – SSID column displays current SSID assigned to the AP
Wireless Mode – Here show the Access Point current work in either 11b
or 11g mode
Current Channel – This column indicates the radio channel currently in
use.
Security - Here indicates AP security settings in client mode. Should be
either “Disabled”, “WEP” or ‘WPA-PSK”.
Link Quality – This column shows current link quality with AP by signal
strength in 0 to 100 percentage scale.
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Network Mode – You can set the wireless client into 2 different modes by
clicking radio button. Wireless Client (Infrastructure) act as an AP client
while Ad-hoc can support peer to peer network. Both Infrastructure and
Ad-hoc can support up to 108M SuperG transmission.
Wireless Mode - Default setting is “2.4GHz 54Mbps (802.11g)”. This
will support all 802.11b/g clients connect to the AP. You can choose
“2.4GHz 11Mbps (802.11b)” in wireless mode column if your
environment only have 802.11b clients. The final selection “2.4GHz
108Mbps (802.11 SuperG)” supports high speed 108Mbps SuperG
function. In order to support SuperG 108M transmission, all wireless clients
will need to be Atheros® solution.
SSID - The SSID is the unique name shared among all points in a wireless
network. The SSID must be identical for all points in the wireless network.
It is case-sensitive and must not exceed 32 alphanumeric characters,
which may be any keyboard character. You can choose “Attach to any
available SSID”; system will determine the Access Point currently
available and establish connection with that Access Point. If you already
understand your wireless environment well, you can type in the SSID in
“Specify the static SSID” manually.
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At Wireless Network page you can find a “Site Survey” button as shown below.
You can easily click on the “Site Survey” to find all wireless networks available
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in your current environment.
The Site Survey page can help you identify all the APs currently working in your
environment. Just easily click on the BSSID column, the system will join you to
the SSID you specify. In the Site Survey page you can also see the details of all
SSID currently available.
After you determine which AP (SSID) to join, you can click on the BSSID column
your want to choose. The system will automatically join the SSID you specified
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after reboot.
Wireless Security –
WEP is a basic encryption method, which is not as secure as WPA. To use WEP
as a client, you will need to input a transmit key and a level of WEP encryption
exactly the same as the Access Point.
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Shared keys input type – Select HEX or ASCII depends on your
preference
Key table – You can input 4 different WEP encryption keys into the table
and by choosing the radio button to decide which one is valid now. The AP
supports 64, 128 and 152bit key length. The longer key we choose usually
means the encryption is stronger.
After all changes are made, be sure to click on “Apply” to make sure all
changes are saved into system.
WPA-PSK stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access – Pre-Shared Key. WPA-PSK is
design for home users who do not have RADIUS server in their network
environment. WPA can provide better security level than WEP without difficult
setting procedure.
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PassPhrase Key - Enter a WPA Shared Key of 8-63 characters. The
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Shared Key should be also applying the Access Point work in the same
wireless network.
Cipher Type - WPA gives you two encryption methods, TKIP and AES,
with dynamic encryption keys. Select the type of algorithm, TKIP or AES.
Remember to click on “Apply” to make sure all changes are made before
leaving this page.
Ethernet Client List –
In Ethernet Client List page, you can check all the details here including IP
Address and MAC Address. Press “Refresh” if you add any new Ethernet client
into network. The page will update latest status of current Ethernet network.
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Wireless Configuration – Wireless Repeater Mode
When set the Access Point to Repeater mode, the AP is able to talk with one
remote access point within its range and retransmit its signal. In order to setup
the AP to work in Ethernet bridge mode, you need to choose “Repeater” mode
and click “Apply” at System Properties page. After need to reboot the AP to
make sure the AP work in repeater mode.
After enable the repeater mode, you can click on “Wireless Network” and
choose “Site Survey” to pick one of the SSIDs you would like to retransmit its
signal. (Please be awarded that while using the repeater mode, the throughput
performance maybe nearly only half compare with access point mode. Because
the repeater needs to communicate with original AP and also the clients
associate to the repeater at the same time.)
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After click on the “Site Survey” button, you can choose the Access Point you
need to extend its range by clicking on “BSSID” column. Then “Apply” the
change to make sure system working properly with new setting.
After all the changes are made, you can check the “Connect Status” page to
check current SSID and link quality / signal strength. Some more information
are all available at this page.
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Appendix A: Glossary
802.11b - An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate
of 11Mbps and anoperating frequency of 2.4GHz.
802.11g - An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate
of 54Mbps, an operating frequency of 2.4GHz, and backward compatibility with 802.11b
devices.
Adapter - This is a device that adds network functionality to your PC.
Ad-hoc - A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer)
without the use of an access point.
Backbone - The part of a network that connects most of the systems and networks together,
and handles the most data.
Bandwidth - The transmission capacity of a given device or network.
Beacon Interval - Data transmitted on your wireless network that keeps the network
synchronized.
Bit - A binary digit.
Browser - An application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the
information on the World Wide Web.
CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance) - A method of data transfer
that is used to prevent data collisions.
CTS (Clear To Send) - A signal sent by a wireless device, signifying that it is ready to receive
data.
Database - A collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed,
managed, and updated.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A networking protocol that allows
administrators to assign temporary IP addresses to network computers by "leasing" an IP
address to a user for a limited amount of time, instead of assigning permanent IP addresses.
Download - To receive a file transmitted over a network.
DSSS (Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum) - Frequency transmission with a redundant bit
pattern resulting in a lower probability of information being lost in transit.
DTIM (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) - A message included in data packets that can
increase wireless efficiency.
Encryption - Encoding data transmitted in a network.
Ethernet - IEEE standard network protocol that specifies how data is placed on and retrieved
from a common transmission medium.
Firmware - The programming code that runs a networking device.
Fragmentation -Breaking a packet into smaller units when transmitting over a network
medium that cannot support the original size of the packet.
47
Gateway - A device that interconnects networks with different, incompatible communications
protocols.
Hardware - The physical aspect of computers, telecommunications, and other information
technology devices.
IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) - An independent institute that
develops networking standards.
Infrastructure - A wireless network that is bridged to a wired network via an access point.
IP (Internet Protocol) - A protocol used to send data over a network.
IP Address - The address used to identify a computer or device on a network.
ISM band - Radio bandwidth utilized in wireless transmissions.
ISP (Internet Service Provider) - A company that provides access to the Internet.
LAN - The computers and networking products that make up your local network.
MAC (Media Access Control) Address - The unique address that a manufacturer assigns to
each networking device.
Network - A series of computers or devices connected for the purpose of data sharing, storage,
and/or transmission between users.
Node - A network junction or connection point, typically a computer or work station.
Packet - A unit of data sent over a network.
Passphrase - Used much like a password, a passphrase simplifies the WEP encryption process
by automatically generating the WEP encryption keys for Linksys products.
Port - The connection point on a computer or networking device used for plugging in cables or
adapters.
Roaming - The ability to take a wireless device from one access point's range to another
without losing the connection.
Router - A networking device that connects multiple networks together.
RTS (Request To Send) - A networking method of coordinating large packets through the RTS
Threshold setting.
Server - Any computer whose function in a network is to provide user access to files, printing,
communications, and other services.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) - A widely used network monitoring and
control protocol.
Software - Instructions for the computer. A series of instructions that performs a particular
task is called a "program".
SOHO (Small Office/Home Office) - Market segment of professionals who work at home or in
small offices.
Spread Spectrum - Wideband radio frequency technique used for more reliable and secure
data transmission.
SSID (Service Set IDentifier) - Your wireless network's name.
Static IP Address - A fixed address assigned to a computer or device that is connected to a
48
network.
Subnet Mask - An address code that determines the size of the network.
Switch - 1. A data switch that connects computing devices to host computers, allowing a large
number of devices to share a limited number of ports. 2. A device for making, breaking, or
changing the connections in an electrical circuit.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - A network protocol for transmitting data that requires
acknowledgement from the recipient of data sent.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - A set of instructions PCs use to
communicate over a network.
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) - a wireless encryption protocol that provides dynamic
encryption keys for each packet transmitted.
Topology - The physical layout of a network.
Upgrade - To replace existing software or firmware with a newer version.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) - An optional cryptographic confidentiality algorithm specified
by IEEE 802.11 that may be used to provide data confidentiality that is subjectively equivalent
to the confidentiality of a wired local area network (LAN) medium that does not employ
cryptographic techniques to enhance privacy confidentiality.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) - a wireless security protocol using TKIP (Temporal Key
Integrity Protocol) encryption, which can be used in conjunction with a RADIUS server.
49
Appendix B: Specification
Standard support
IEEE802.11b
IEEE802.11g
IEEE802.3
IEEE802.3u
Interface
Wireless IEEE802.11b/g
One 10/100 RJ-45 port
SDRAM
8Mbyte
Flash
2Mbyte
Max. Bandwidth
Ethernet Full Duplex: 200Mbps (for 100BASETX), 20Mbps (for 10BaseT)
Half Duplex: 100Mbps (for 100BaseTX), 10Mbps (for 10BaseT)
Wireless 1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 24, 36, 48, 54, 108Mbps Auto Fall-Back
Wireless Radio
Data Rate
1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 24, 36, 48, 54 and 108Mbps
Signal Frequency
2.4Ghz to 2.5Ghz OFDM with BPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM,
DBPSK, DQPSK, CCK
Encryption
64bit / 128bit and 152bit WEP data encryption
Channel
America/FCC:2.412~2.462 GHz (11 channels)
Europe CE/ETSI:2.412~2.472 GHz (13 channels)
Japan :2.412~2.484 GHz (14 channels)
France: 2.457~2.472 GHz(4 channels)
Spain: 2.457~2.462 GHz (2 channels)
RF Power Output: 18dBm at 11Mbps / 14dBm at 54Mbps (typical)
Receiver Sensitivity: 54Mbps OFDM, 10% PER, -74dBm
11Mbps CCK, 8% PER, -88dBm
Wireless Setting
−
Operation Mode – AP / Wireless Client (Infrastructure and Ad
Hoc) / Repeater / WDS P2P and P2MP Mode
−
SSID
−
Channel Selection
−
Transmission Rate (Best, 108, 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 11, 9, 6, 5.5,
2, 1) in Mbps
50
Wireless Security
−
Transmit power (Full, Half, Quarter, Eighth, Minimum)
−
Beacon Interval (20-1000): 100
−
Data Beacon Rate (DTIM (1-16384): 1
−
Fragment Length (256-2346): 2346
−
RTS Threshold (256-2346): 2346
−
Short Preamble: Enable
−
Allow 2.4GHz 54Mbps Station Only
−
Protection Mode: Auto / Enable / Disable
WEP setting
−
Authentication type: Open System / Shared Key
−
Shared keys input type: HEX / ASCII
−
Shared keys length: (64-bit, 128-bit, 152-bit)
−
Default WEP Key to use (1-4)
WPA-PSK setting
−
PassPhrase
−
WPA Cipher Type (Auto, TKIP, AES)
−
Group Key Update Interval: 300
WPA setting
Software / Firmware
−
Radius Server IP Address
−
Radius Port: 1812
−
WPA Cipher Type (Auto, TKIP, AES)
−
Shared Key
−
Group Key Update Interval: 300
−
Site Survey
−
DHCP Client
−
WPA Support (WPA personal and enterprise)
−
Web-based configuration via popular browser (MS IE,
Netscape…)
−
Windows “Locator” program to help find IP in DHCP client mode
−
Firmware upgrade and configuration backup via Web
−
Reset to default by WebUI
Forwarding Mode
Store and Forward
Antenna
One integrated swiveling antenna and One PCB antenna
51
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