TM 11-5895-1838-13&P

TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
TECHNICAL MANUAL
OPERATOR’S, UNIT, AND DIRECT SUPPORT
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
(INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS LIST)
FOR
REPLACEMENT FREQUENCY
MODULATED ORDERWIRE (RFMOW)
(AN/GSC-69(V)1, NSN: 5895-01-522-2119 (85 Terminal),
NSN: 5975-01-529-3943 (Rack Adapter Kit for 85 Terminal),
AN/GSC-69(V)2, NSN: 5895-01-522-2117 (93 Terminal))
EIC: N/A
VERIFIED DRAFT
Rev. 01 March 20, 2007
Distribution authorized to the Department of Defense and DOD contractors
only for official use or for administrative or operational purposes. This
determination was made on 15 MAY 2004 Other requests for this document
will be referred to Commander, US Army Communications-Electronics
Command and Fort Monmouth, ATTN: AMSEL-LC-COM-T- SLEP, Fort
Monmouth, New Jersey 07703-5007.
HANDLING AND DESTRUCTION NOTICE – Comply with distribution
statement and destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents
or reconstruction of the document.
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Safety Summary
5
A
Replacement Frequency
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SAFETY STEPS TO FOLLOW IF SOMEONE
IS THE VICTIM OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK
1
DO NOT TRY TO PULL OR GRAB THE INDIVIDUAL
2
IF POSSIBLE, TURN OFF THE ELECTRICAL POWER
3
IF YOU CANNOT TURN OFF THE ELECTRICAL
POWER, PULL, PUSH, OR LIFT THE PERSON TO
SAFETY USING A DRY WOODEN POLE OR A DRY
ROPE OR SOME OTHER INSULATING MATERIAL
4
SEND FOR HELP AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
5
AFTER THE INJURED PERSON IS FREE OF
CONTACT WITH THE SOURCE OF ELECTRICAL
SHOCK, MOVE THE PERSON A SHORT DISTANCE
AWAY AND IMMEDIATELY START ARTIFICIAL
RESUSCITATION
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SAFETY SUMMARY
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes which appear in this manual are defined as follows:
WARNING
An operating or maintenance procedure, practice, condition, statement, etc., which, if not strictly
observed, could result in injury to or death of personnel.
CAUTION
An operating or maintenance procedure, practice, condition, statement, etc., which, if not strictly
observed, could result in damage to, or destruction of, equipment or loss of mission effectiveness or
long term health hazards to personnel.
NOTE
An essential operating or maintenance procedure, condition, or statement which must be highlighted.
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WARNING
Proper grounding is an important safety feature, and must be a primary consideration in all electrical and
electronic equipment installations. Ensure that all grounding connections are secure and that all grounding
cables are kept out of vehicle and personnel paths.
WARNING
Use extreme care when working around electrical equipment to avoid the possibility of severe or fatal electrical
shock. Remove all jewelry (i.e. rings, necklaces, etc.) before working with the RFMOW.
WARNING
Ensure that all power connections are properly insulated, clean, and mechanically secure to prevent personnel
injury when the RFMOW is powered up and operated. When the RFMOW power cables are installed,
carefully inspect all connectors and wiring for worn or broken parts. Make any necessary repairs before
powering up the RFMOW. If any cable or connector damage is discovered while the RFMOW is operating, the
RFMOW should be powered down and the damage repaired immediately.
WARNING
Even with covers removed, lethal voltages may still be present inside the RFMOW. Failure to exercise caution
could result in fatal or serious injury to personnel.
WARNING
High voltage, 120 VAC, is present in this equipment. Use extreme caution and ensure that at least two people
are present while performing inspection, test, and maintenance procedures. Failure to comply may result in
fatal or serious injury to personnel.
WARNING
Ensure that power is removed during the performance of equipment replacement and cleaning procedures.
Do not open equipment enclosures when cleaning. Use of damp cleaning materials can cause shock,
resulting in fatal or serious injury to personnel.
WARNING
Hazardous voltages are present. Use care when measuring for voltage. Failure to do so can result in fatal or
serious injury to personnel.
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WARNING
RFMOW weight in the crate is approximately 180 lbs. (81.65 kg). A forklift or equivalent is required to move
the crate. Individual weights of items in the crate are listed in section 1.15.1 (not including shipping materials).
Two persons are required to install the RFMOW Rack, which is approximately 74 lbs. (33.57 kg). Failure to
comply may result in fatal or serious injury to personnel, and/or damage to the equipment.
CAUTION
This equipment contains static-sensitive devices. Always follow ESD handling procedures when working on
this equipment.
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FOREWORD
PURPOSE:
This manual provides operation and maintenance information for the Replacement Frequency Modulated
Orderwire (RFMOW).
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL:
Step-by-step procedures with illustrations give all the necessary information to setup, operate, and maintain
this equipment at unit levels only. Do not attempt any procedure before first becoming familiar with the entire
procedure.
For general information, use the table of contents in the front of this book to locate chapters and sections
containing this information.
SCOPE:
This technical manual covers procedures and supporting information required for operating and maintaining
the RFMOW. Coverage includes operating, maintenance instructions, troubleshooting, test, and repair data.
The material presented in this manual is written for experienced operator and maintenance personnel
responsible for the RFMOW. Standard shop practices used during maintenance are not described.
ARRANGEMENT:
This manual is arranged into five chapters and five appendixes. A brief description of each chapter follows:
E
Chapter 1
Equipment Description and Data – Provides general information and brief
description of the RFMOW including system description, technical characteristics,
equipment supplied, and equipment required but not supplied.
Chapter 2
Operating Instructions – Provides identification of all operating controls, indicators,
connectors, and operating procedures. Operating procedures for power up, system
initialization, preliminary checkout, operation and power down are included.
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting – Provides information on troubleshooting the RFMOW, as well as
pin out diagrams and schematics.
Chapter 4
Maintenance Instructions - Contains maintenance concept, preventive and
corrective maintenance procedures, and removal and replacement procedures.
Chapter 5
Repair Parts and Special Tools List - Provides part lists for the RFMOW.
Appendix A
Reference Publications – Provides information on reference documentation related
to the RFMOW.
Appendix B
Maintenance Allocation Charts – Provides the Maintenance Allocation Chart (MAC)
for the RFMOW 41700-8593.
Appendix C
Components of End Item and Basic Issue Items – Lists items required to enable
safe and efficient operation of the RFMOW.
Appendix D
Expendable/Durable Items List – Lists items needed to operate and maintain the
RFMOW.
Appendix E
Manual Equipment Configuration Procedures – Lists items needed to be manually
configured.
Appendix F
Power Balance/Alignment Procedure – Provides procedure for aligning the
terminal.
Appendix G
Software Operation – Provides procedures to power up and to conduct normal
network operations.
Appendix H
Glossary – Lists acronyms and abbreviations used in this manual.
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DEFINITIONS:
The word "shall" is used in this manual to express a provision that is binding. The word "will" is used to
express a mandatory declaration of purpose or when it is necessary to express a future event. The words
"should" and "may" are used when it is necessary to express non-mandatory provisions.
WARRANTY INFORMATION.
The following instructions are for the RFMOW 41700-8593 equipment requirements. The Raven Electronics
Corporation equipment, RFMOW, includes a factory warranty of 24 months. All warranties are tracked by
serial number. Please contact our Repair Department for warranty expiration date. Failures resulting from
material/workmanship defects will be repaired under the warranty.
Warranty Claims: All warranty claims must be initiated by the organization using the equipment. This process
will start with the user notifying the contractor, Raven Electronics Corporation. Log onto Raven Electronics
Corporation website at:
http://www.ravencomm.com/RMA
Complete worksheet and select “Submit”. Raven personnel will assign a Repair Maintenance Authorization
(RMA) number, followed by response via telephone or email within 48 hours. Upon assignment of RMA
number, return equipment to Raven Electronics Corporation. Raven Electronics Corporation will respond with
replacement or repair of equipment upon verification of failure.
RETURN SHIPPING ADDRESS.
Raven Electronics Corporation
400 Edison Way
Reno, NV 89502
Attn: Repair Department
HOTLINE: (866) 329-2363 Toll-free
(775) 858-2400 Outside the continental United States
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Foreword
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OPERATOR’S, UNIT, AND DIRECT SUPPORT
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
(INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS LIST)
FOR
REPLACEMENT FREQUENCY MODULATED ORDERWIRE (RFMOW)
(AN/GSC-69(V)1, NSN: 5895-01-522-2119 (85 Terminal),
NSN: 5975-01-529-3943 (Rack Adapter Kit for 85 Terminal),
AN/GSC-69(V)2, NSN: 5895-01-522-2117 (93 Terminal))
EIC: N/A
REPORTING ERRORS AND RECOMMENDING IMPROVEMENTS
You can help improve this manual. If you find any mistakes, or if you know of a way to improve the
procedures, please let us know. Mail your letter or comments directly to: Commander, US Army
Communications-Electronics Command and Fort Monmouth, ATTN: AMSEL-LC-COM-T-SLEP, Fort
Monmouth, New Jersey 07703-5000. The fax number is 732-532-4525, DSN 992-4628. You may also email your recommendations to [email protected]
In either case a reply will be furnished direct to you.
G
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Table of Contents
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter
Title
Page
SAFETY SUMMARY ..............................................................................................................A
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES ...............................................................................................E
FOREWORD .......................................................................................................................... F
TABLE OF CONTENTS ...........................................................................................................i
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ...................................................................................................vii
LIST OF TABLES ...................................................................................................................xi
CHAPTER 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.12.1
1.12.1.1
1.12.1.2
1.12.1.2.1
1.12.1.2.2
1.12.1.2.3
1.12.1.2.4
1.12.1.2.5
1.12.2
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.15.1
1.15.2
1.15.3
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.20.1
1.20.2
1.21
1.22
1.23
GENERAL INFORMATION, EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION AND THEORY OF
OPERATION ....................................................................................................................... 1-1
SCOPE................................................................................................................................ 1-1
MAINTENANCE FORMS, RECORDS, AND REPORTS.................................................... 1-2
REPORT EQUIPMENT IMPROVEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS (EIR)........................... 1-2
CORROSION PREVENTION AND CONTROL (CPC) ....................................................... 1-2
DESTRUCTION OF ARMY ELECTRONICS MATERIAL ................................................... 1-2
PREPARATION FOR STORAGE OR SHIPMENT ............................................................. 1-2
WARRANTY INFORMATION ............................................................................................. 1-3
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS/ACRONYMS........................................................................... 1-4
QUALITY OF MATERIAL .................................................................................................... 1-4
SAFETY, CARE, AND HANDLING ..................................................................................... 1-4
EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION AND DATA .......................................................................... 1-4
EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS, CAPABILITIES, AND FEATURES ........................... 1-4
Earth Segment ............................................................................................................... 1-4
Subscriber ...................................................................................................................... 1-4
Satellite Earth Terminal.................................................................................................. 1-5
Baseband Equipment Group.......................................................................................... 1-5
Modem Equipment Group .............................................................................................. 1-5
Transmitter Equipment Group........................................................................................ 1-5
Receiver Equipment Group............................................................................................ 1-5
Antenna Equipment Group............................................................................................. 1-5
Description ..................................................................................................................... 1-6
LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION OF MAJOR COMPONENTS ......................................... 1-6
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MODELS.............................................................................. 1-29
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS................................................................................... 1-29
Physical Characteristics ............................................................................................... 1-29
Electrical Characteristics.............................................................................................. 1-32
Environmental Characteristics ..................................................................................... 1-32
EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED .................................................................................................. 1-32
EQUIPMENT REQUIRED BUT NOT SUPPLIED ............................................................. 1-32
INITIAL INSTALLATION AND SETUP.............................................................................. 1-33
EQUIPMENT LOCATION AND MOUNTING .................................................................... 1-33
POWER DISTRIBUTION AND GROUNDING .................................................................. 1-33
Power Distribution ........................................................................................................ 1-33
Grounding..................................................................................................................... 1-33
RFMOW UNPACKING ...................................................................................................... 1-34
SETUP AND PREPARATION FOR USE: ALL MODELS ................................................. 1-34
COOLING SYSTEM .......................................................................................................... 1-34
CHAPTER 2
2.1
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.3.1
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS........................................................................................... 2-1
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. 2-1
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION........................................................................................... 2-1
Subsystems – Servers and Clients ................................................................................2-1
Subnets ......................................................................................................................... 2-2
Network Messages........................................................................................................ 2-2
Network Control Messages ........................................................................................... 2-3
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TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont.)
Chapter
Title
CHAPTER 2
2.2.3.2
2.2.3.3
2.2.3.4
2.2.3.5
2.2.4
2.2.5
2.2.5.1
2.2.5.2
2.2.6
2.2.7
2.2.8
2.2.9
2.2.10
2.2.11
2.2.12
2.2.13
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.3.5
2.3.6
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.8.1
2.8.2
2.8.3
2.8.4
2.8.5
2.8.5.1
2.8.5.2
2.8.6
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS........................................................................................... 2-1
Network Login/Logout Messages ............................................................................... 2-4
Equipment Control Messages..................................................................................... 2-4
Network Data Messages............................................................................................. 2-4
Secure Voice Configuration Messages ...................................................................... 2-5
Forward Orderwire (FOW) Channel............................................................................ 2-5
Return Orderwire (ROW) Channel.............................................................................. 2-5
ROW Structure............................................................................................................ 2-5
ROW Utilization........................................................................................................... 2-6
Network Modes of Operation ...................................................................................... 2-7
Maintenance of Control Link Quality........................................................................... 2-8
Operation of Text Orderwire ....................................................................................... 2-9
Operation of the Secure Voice Orderwire................................................................. 2-10
File Transfer.............................................................................................................. 2-11
Network Control Handover ....................................................................................... 2-11
File Management ...................................................................................................... 2-11
Equipment States...................................................................................................... 2-11
EQUIPMENT THEORY OF OPERATION ........................................................................ 2-12
Device Control .......................................................................................................... 2-12
“A/B” Switch Operation ............................................................................................. 2-12
Sonalert Operation.................................................................................................... 2-12
Data Communications .............................................................................................. 2-12
Voice Communications ............................................................................................. 2-12
Enable Auto TX Off Switch on Interface Unit............................................................ 2-13
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ...................................................................................... 2-13
SDM-300A Controls and Indicators .......................................................................... 2-13
Interface Unit Controls and Indicators ...................................................................... 2-14
EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................... 2-15
EQUIPMENT POWER-UP................................................................................................ 2-17
EQUIPMENT POWER-DOWN ......................................................................................... 2-17
NT INSTALLATION, CONFIGURATION, AND CHECKOUT ........................................... 2-18
Equipment List .......................................................................................................... 2-18
Installation Procedures ............................................................................................. 2-18
Equipment Configuration .......................................................................................... 2-20
Equipment Checkout Procedures ............................................................................. 2-20
RFMOW Software Installation .................................................................................. 2-20
Un-Zip Procedures.................................................................................................... 2-20
Install RFMOW Software .......................................................................................... 2-21
RFMOW Software Un-Installation............................................................................. 2-23
CHAPTER 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.5
3.3.6
TROUBLESHOOTING........................................................................................................ 3-1
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. 3-1
TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................................ 3-1
CONNECTOR PIN OUTS................................................................................................. 3-23
Enclosure Panel........................................................................................................ 3-23
SDM-300A Modem ................................................................................................... 3-25
Fan Panel.................................................................................................................. 3-27
Computer .................................................................................................................. 3-28
Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse.......................................................................................... 3-33
Interface Unit............................................................................................................. 3-35
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TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont.)
Chapter
Title
CHAPTER 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.4.5
4.4.6
MAINTENANCE AND INFORMATION .............................................................................. 4-1
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. 4-1
MAINTENANCE CONCEPT ............................................................................................... 4-1
PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE...................................................................................... 4-1
Tools Required............................................................................................................ 4-1
Maintenance Tasks..................................................................................................... 4-2
Exterior Hardware Inspection...................................................................................... 4-3
GENERAL REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES ......................................... 4-3
Installation of the RFMOW.......................................................................................... 4-4
Removal and Replacement of the SDM-300A............................................................ 4-6
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Fan Panel .............................................. 4-7
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Computer............................................... 4-7
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Keyboard/Video/Monitor........................ 4-8
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Interface Unit......................................... 4-9
CHAPTER 5
5.1
5.2
5.3
REPAIR PART AND SPECIAL TOOLS LIST .................................................................... 5-1
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. 5-1
LIST OF MANUFACTURERS ............................................................................................. 5-1
PARTS LIST........................................................................................................................ 5-1
APPENDIX A
REFERENCE PUBLICATIONS ..........................................................................................A-1
APPENDIX B
B-1
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-5
MAINTENANCE ALLOCATION CHART ...........................................................................B-1
THE ARMY MAINTENANCE SYSTEM MAC......................................................................B-1
MAINTENANCE FUNCTIONS ............................................................................................B-1
EXPLANATIONS OF COLUMNS IN THE MAC..................................................................B-3
EXPLANATION OF THE COLUMNS IN TOOLS AND TEST EQUIPMENT ......................B-4
EXPLANATION OF COLUMNS IN REMARKS ..................................................................B-4
APPENDIX C
COMPONENTS OF END ITEMS AND BASIC ISSUE ITEMS LIST ................................. C-1
APPENDIX D
D-1
D-2
EXPENDABLE/DURABLE ITEMS LIST ........................................................................... D-1
SCOPE............................................................................................................................... D-1
EXPLANATION OF COLUMNS ......................................................................................... D-1
APPENDIX E
E-1
E-2
E-3
E-4
MANUAL EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION PROCEDURES ............................................E-1
KIV-7HSB CONFIGURATION.............................................................................................E-1
KIV-7 AND KIV-7HS CONFIGURATION ............................................................................E-3
STE (TACTICAL) CONFIGURATION .................................................................................E-6
SDM-300A CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION ............................................................E-8
APPENDIX F
F-1
F-2
F-3
POWER BALANCE/ALIGNMENT PROCEDURE ............................................................F-1
OVERVIEW OF POWER BALANCE/ALIGNMENT ............................................................F-1
THE ALIGNMENT PROGRAM ...........................................................................................F-1
ALIGNMENT PROCEDURE FOR THE AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1
TERMINALS........................................................................................................................F-1
APPENDIX G
G-1
G-2
G-3
G-3.1
RFMOW SOFTWARE OPERATION ................................................................................ G-1
OVERVIEW OF TERMINAL INITIALIZATION ................................................................... G-1
CONTROL CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION........................................................................... G-1
POWER UP........................................................................................................................ G-1
Connect to Server ...................................................................................................... G-2
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TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont.)
Chapter
APPENDIX G
G-3.2
G-3.3
G-3.4
G-3.4.1
G-3.5
G-4
G-4.1
G-4.2
G-4.2.1
G-4.3
G-4.3.1
G-4.3.1.1
G-4.3.1.2
G-4.3.1.3
G-4.3.1.4
G-4.3.1.5
G-4.3.2
G-4.3.2.1
G-4.3.2.2
G-4.3.2.3
G-4.3.3
G-4.3.3.1
G-4.3.3.2
G-4.3.4
G-4.3.4.1
G-4.3.4.1.1
G-4.3.4.1.2
G-4.3.4.1.3
G-4.4
G-4.4.1
G-4.4.2
G-4.4.3
G-4.4.4
G-4.4.5
G-4.5
G-4.5.1
G-4.5.2
G-4.5.3
G-4.5.4
G-4.5.5
G-4.5.6
G-4.5.7
G-5
G-5.1
G-5.1.1
G-5.1.1.1
G-5.2
G-5.2.1
G-5.2.2
G-5.3
G-5.3.1
G-5.3.2
G-5.3.3
iv
Title
Page
RFMOW SOFTWARE OPERATION ................................................................................ G-1
Initialization ................................................................................................................ G-3
Hardware Test Diagnostics........................................................................................ G-4
Power and Frequency Configuration Screen............................................................. G-4
Hardware Initialization Error Dialog ........................................................................... G-6
Main Menu ................................................................................................................. G-7
OPERATION UNDER USUAL CONDITIONS ................................................................... G-9
Standby...................................................................................................................... G-9
Network Login .......................................................................................................... G-12
Login Multiple Clients............................................................................................... G-13
Operate State........................................................................................................... G-13
Composing, Sending and Receiving Text Orderwire Messages ............................. G-13
Reading a Message ................................................................................................. G-13
Composing and Sending a Message....................................................................... G-15
Viewing Text Message Logs.................................................................................... G-16
Cut and Paste Into Compose Window..................................................................... G-18
Favorite Groups ....................................................................................................... G-18
Requesting and Conducting a Secure Call.............................................................. G-19
Requesting a Call..................................................................................................... G-19
Call Setup and Answering ....................................................................................... G-19
Viewing the Secure Voice Call Queue..................................................................... G-20
Sending and Receiving Files ................................................................................... G-21
Send File Screen ..................................................................................................... G-21
Get File Screen ........................................................................................................ G-23
Viewing Network Data ............................................................................................. G-24
The Event Log.......................................................................................................... G-24
Opening the Live Event Log .................................................................................... G-24
Archived Events Screens......................................................................................... G-26
Opening an Archived Event Log .............................................................................. G-27
Terminal Configuration ............................................................................................ G-29
Local Terminal Configuration................................................................................... G-29
Viewing the Network Terminal Status...................................................................... G-29
ROW TDMA and ROW Measurement Sequencing................................................. G-31
Control Link Status................................................................................................... G-31
Manually Commanding and Viewing Status ............................................................ G-35
Maintaining Network Operations.............................................................................. G-36
Turning Interface Unit Audio Alarm On and Off....................................................... G-36
Monitoring and Maintaining the Control Links ......................................................... G-36
Manually Adjusting Control Modem Power During Operation ................................. G-36
Manually Adjusting ROW Link Frequency Offset .................................................... G-37
Setting Min and Max Eb/No ..................................................................................... G-37
Detach From Server/Stop Server ............................................................................ G-38
Server Control Handover ......................................................................................... G-38
OPERATION UNDER UNUSUAL CONDITIONS ............................................................ G-38
DISCONNECT ......................................................................................................... G-38
Entering and Recovering From a DISCONNECT State .......................................... G-39
NT Recovery From Loss of ROW or FOW .............................................................. G-39
Terminal Logout ....................................................................................................... G-40
Logging Out of the RFMOW Network ...................................................................... G-40
NT Emergency Logout............................................................................................. G-40
Additional Functions ................................................................................................ G-41
Packet Statistics....................................................................................................... G-41
Information Message Boxes .................................................................................... G-42
Error Message Boxes .............................................................................................. G-42
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Chapter
Title
Page
APPENDIX G
G-5.3.4
G-5.3.5
RFMOW SOFTWARE OPERATION ................................................................................ G-1
Alert Message Boxes ............................................................................................... G-42
Manually Saving and Deleting Log Files.................................................................. G-42
APPENDIX H
GLOSSARY ...................................................................................................................... H-1
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure
Number
Title
Figure 1-1
Figure 1-2
Figure 1-3
Figure 1-4
Figure 1-5
Figure 1-6
Figure 1-7
Figure 1-8
Figure 1-9
Figure 1-10
Figure 1-11
Figure 1-12
Figure 1-13
Figure 1-14
Figure 1-15
Figure 1-16
Figure 1-17
Figure 1-18
Figure 1-19
Figure 1-20
Figure 1-21
Figure 1-22
Figure 1-23
Figure 1-24
Figure 1-25
Figure 1-26
Figure 1-27
Figure 1-28
Figure 2-1
Figure 2-2
Figure 2-3
Figure 2-4
Figure 2-5
Figure 2-6
Figure 2-7
Figure 2-8
Figure 2-9
Figure 2-10
Figure 2-11
Figure 2-12
Figure 2-13
Figure 2-14
Figure 2-15
Figure 2-16
Figure 3-1
Figure 3-2
Figure 3-3
Figure 3-4
Figure 3-5
Figure 3-6
Figure 3-7
Figure 3-8
Figure 3-9
REV 01
RFMOW for AN/TSC-85D(V)1 Terminal NSN: 5895-01-522-2119................................... 1-1
Rack Adapter Kit for AN/TSC-85(V)1 Terminal NSN: 5975-01-529-9343 ........................ 1-1
RFMOW for AN/TSC-93D(V)1 Terminal NSN: 5895-01-522-2117................................... 1-2
Satellite Communications System Block Diagram ............................................................ 1-4
Satellite Terminal Block Diagram ...................................................................................... 1-5
Functional Architecture of the RFMOW ............................................................................ 1-6
RFMOW (Front) ................................................................................................................ 1-7
RFMOW (Rear) ................................................................................................................. 1-8
RFMOW (Top Panel)......................................................................................................... 1-9
Enclosure Panel (Front Panel) ........................................................................................ 1-10
SDM-300A Modem (Front Panel).................................................................................... 1-11
SDM-300A Modem (Rear Panel) .................................................................................... 1-12
Fan Panel (Front Panel) .................................................................................................. 1-13
Fan Panel (Rear Panel)................................................................................................... 1-14
Computer (Front Panel)................................................................................................... 1-15
Computer (Front Panel without Front Cover) .................................................................. 1-16
Computer (Rear Panel) ................................................................................................... 1-17
Power Distribution (Front Panel) ..................................................................................... 1-18
Power Distribution (Rear Panel)...................................................................................... 1-19
Monitor Clamp (Front Panel) ........................................................................................... 1-20
Monitor (Front Panel) ...................................................................................................... 1-21
Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse (Rear Panel)........................................................................... 1-22
Interface Unit (Front Panel) ............................................................................................. 1-23
Interface Unit (Rear Panel).............................................................................................. 1-24
RFMOW Patch Panel (Front) .......................................................................................... 1-25
RFMOW Patch Panel (Rear)........................................................................................... 1-26
Combiner/Divider Panel(85D) (Front) ............................................................................. 1-27
Combiner/Divider Panel(93D) (Rear) .............................................................................. 1-28
RFMOW System Network Node Architecture ................................................................... 2-1
Network Message Format ................................................................................................. 2-2
Typical FOW Sequence of Messages............................................................................... 2-5
Typical ROW Sequence of Messages .............................................................................. 2-5
ROW Details ..................................................................................................................... 2-6
Modem Controls and Indicators ...................................................................................... 2-13
Interface Unit Controls and Indicators............................................................................. 2-14
RFMOW Functional Block Diagram ................................................................................ 2-16
NT Equipment Connections ............................................................................................ 2-19
RFMOW Executable Files ............................................................................................... 2-20
RFMOW Software Unzip File Path.................................................................................. 2-21
InstallShield Wizard for RFMOW .................................................................................... 2-22
Terminal Setup Type ....................................................................................................... 2-22
Control Panel Location .................................................................................................... 2-23
Add/Remove Programs Location .................................................................................... 2-24
RFMOW Unistallation Selection ...................................................................................... 2-24
RS485 Connector............................................................................................................ 3-23
RS232 Connector............................................................................................................ 3-24
37-Pin Connector for SDM-300A Modem ....................................................................... 3-25
Remote Connector (J6) for SDM-300A Modem .............................................................. 3-26
Fan Power Connector (J1) .............................................................................................. 3-27
PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors.......................................................................... 3-28
VGA Serial Port ............................................................................................................... 3-29
COM1 and COM2 Serial Ports ........................................................................................ 3-30
COM3 RS485 Port .......................................................................................................... 3-31
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Table of Contents
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Cont.)
Figure
Number
Title
Figure 3-10
Figure 3-11
Figure 3-12
Figure 3-13
Figure 3-14
Figure 3-15
Figure 3-16
Figure 3-17
Figure 3-18
Figure 3-19
Figure 3-20
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-3
Figure F-1
Figure F-2
Figure F-3
Figure F-4
Figure F-5
Figure F-6
Figure F-7
Figure F-8
Figure F-9
Figure F-10
Figure F-11
Figure G-1
Figure G-2
Figure G-3
Figure G-4
Figure G-5
Figure G-6
Figure G-7
Figure G-8
Figure G-9
Figure G-10
Figure G-11
Figure G-12
Figure G-13
Figure G-14
Figure G-15
Figure G-16
Figure G-17
Figure G-18
Figure G-19
Figure G-20
Figure G-21
Figure G-22
Figure G-23
Figure G-24
Figure G-25
Figure G-26
Figure G-27
COM4 RS232 Port ...........................................................................................................3-32
VGA Serial Port................................................................................................................3-33
PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors...........................................................................3-34
STU III/STE Telephone Connector (J1) ...........................................................................3-35
Primary and Secondary Modem Path Connectors (J2 and J3) .......................................3-36
PC Control Signals Connector (J4)..................................................................................3-37
Control Signals to the Modem (J5) ..................................................................................3-38
Data From/To the PC (J6)................................................................................................3-39
Optional Power for External Equipment (J7)....................................................................3-40
Schematic Interface Unit ..................................................................................................3-42
RFMOW Wiring Diagram .................................................................................................3-44
Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts Location (85 Terminal) ..................5-4
Rack Adapter Kit ................................................................................................................5-5
Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts Location (93 Terminal) ..................5-6
Server Screen ................................................................................................................... F-2
AN/TSC-85D(V)1 and AN/TSC-93D(V)1 RFMOW Alignment Screen.............................. F-3
System Values Screen...................................................................................................... F-4
U/C Converter Selection ................................................................................................... F-5
MD-1340 Communications Modem Selection................................................................... F-6
Communications Link Power Dialog ................................................................................. F-6
Weather Handicap Dialog ................................................................................................. F-7
Orderwire Link Power Dialog ............................................................................................ F-7
Message Dialog ................................................................................................................ F-8
RSL and Eb/No Level Indications ..................................................................................... F-9
RFMOW Output Attenuator............................................................................................. F-10
Server (Executive) Screen ................................................................................................G-2
Connect To Server Screen................................................................................................G-3
NT Network and Terminal Identification Information Screen ............................................G-3
Hardware Diagnostic Error Dialog.....................................................................................G-4
AN/TSC-85D(V)1 and AN/TSC-93D(V)1 Power and Frequency Configuration Screen ...G-5
Hardware Initialization Error Dialog ..................................................................................G-6
Main Menu.........................................................................................................................G-7
NT PC/Controller Screen ..................................................................................................G-9
NT Status Line ................................................................................................................G-10
ROW Granted Dialog ......................................................................................................G-12
Login Successful Dialog..................................................................................................G-13
NT Text Messages Screen..............................................................................................G-14
NT Destinations Screen ..................................................................................................G-15
Urgent Message Dialog...................................................................................................G-15
NT Archived Text Messages Screen ..............................................................................G-17
Favorite Groups Screen ..................................................................................................G-18
Secure Voice Request Cancel Dialog.............................................................................G-19
NT Terminal Status Screen.............................................................................................G-21
NT Send File Screen.......................................................................................................G-22
NT Get File Screen .........................................................................................................G-23
NT Live Events Screen ...................................................................................................G-25
NT Archived Server Events Screen ................................................................................G-26
NT Archived Client Events Screen..................................................................................G-27
NT Terminal Status Screen.............................................................................................G-30
NT Link Status Screen ....................................................................................................G-32
FOW Link Parameters Screen ........................................................................................G-34
ROW Link Parameters Screen........................................................................................G-34
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Table of Contents
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Modulated Orderwire
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Cont.)
Figure
Number
Title
Figure G-28
Figure G-29
Figure G-30
Figure G-31
Figure G-32
Figure G-33
Figure G-34
ROW Control Modem TX Parameters Screen ................................................................G-34
Send Native HW Command Screen................................................................................G-35
Control Modem TX Parameters Screen ..........................................................................G-37
Packet Statistics Screen..................................................................................................G-41
Information Message Box................................................................................................G-42
Error Message Box..........................................................................................................G-42
Alert Boxes ......................................................................................................................G-42
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Modulated Orderwire
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x
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Modulated Orderwire
LIST OF TABLES
Table
Number
Title
Table 1-1
Table 1-2
Table 1-3
Table 1-4
Table 1-5
Table 1-6
Table 1-7
Table 1-8
Table 1-9
Table 1-10
Table 1-11
Table 1-12
Table 1-13
Table 1-14
Table 1-15
Table 1-16
Table 1-17
Table 1-18
Table 1-19
Table 1-20
Table 1-21
Table 1-22
Table 1-23
Table 1-24
Table 1-25
Table 1-26
Table 2-1
Table 2-2
Table 2-3
Table 2-4
Table 2-5
Table 2-6
Table 3-1
Table 3-2
Table 3-3
Table 3-4
Table 3-5
Table 3-6
Table 3-7
Table 3-8
Table 3-9
Table 3-10
Table 3-11
Table 3-12
Table 3-13
Table 3-14
Table 3-15
Table 3-16
Table 3-17
Table 3-18
Table 3-19
Table 4-1
Table 4-2
RFMOW (Front)................................................................................................................. 1-7
RFMOW (Rear) ................................................................................................................. 1-8
Top RFMOW Cover........................................................................................................... 1-9
Enclosure Panel .............................................................................................................. 1-10
SDM-300A Modem (Front) .............................................................................................. 1-11
SDM-300A Modem (Rear)............................................................................................... 1-12
Fan Panel (Front) ............................................................................................................ 1-13
Fan Panel (Rear)............................................................................................................. 1-14
Computer (Front)............................................................................................................. 1-15
Computer (Front without front cover) .............................................................................. 1-16
Computer (Rear) ............................................................................................................. 1-17
Power Distribution (Front) ............................................................................................... 1-18
Power Distribution (Rear) ................................................................................................ 1-19
Monitor Clamp ................................................................................................................. 1-20
Monitor (Front Panel) ...................................................................................................... 1-21
Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse (Rear)..................................................................................... 1-22
Interface Unit (Front) ....................................................................................................... 1-23
Interface Unit (Rear)........................................................................................................ 1-24
RFMOW Patch Panel (Front) .......................................................................................... 1-25
RFMOW Patch Panel (Rear)........................................................................................... 1-26
Combiner/Divider Panel (Front)....................................................................................... 1-27
Combiner/Divider Panel (Rear) ....................................................................................... 1-28
RFMOW Physical Data ................................................................................................... 1-29
Electrical Data ................................................................................................................. 1-32
Environmental Data......................................................................................................... 1-32
Government Furnished Equipment ................................................................................. 1-32
Network Message Fields ................................................................................................... 2-2
ROW Usage During Normal and Access Network Modes ................................................ 2-6
ROW TDMA Slot Elements ............................................................................................... 2-7
Modem Controls and Indicators ...................................................................................... 2-13
Interface Unit Controls and Indicators............................................................................. 2-14
NT RFMOW Terminal Equipment List............................................................................. 2-18
Troubleshooting................................................................................................................. 3-2
RS485 From RFMOW Computer Connector Pin Out ..................................................... 3-23
RS232 From RFMOW Computer Connector Pin Out ..................................................... 3-24
37-Pin Connector Pin Out for SDM-300A Modem .......................................................... 3-25
Remote Connector (J6) Pin Out (EIA-485) ..................................................................... 3-26
Fan Panel Power Connector (J1) Pin Out....................................................................... 3-27
PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors Pin Outs ........................................................... 3-28
VGA Serial Port Pin Out .................................................................................................. 3-29
COM1 and COM2 Serial Ports Pin Outs ......................................................................... 3-30
COM3 RS485 Serial Port Pin Out ................................................................................... 3-31
COM4 RS232 Serial Port Pin Out ................................................................................... 3-32
VGA Serial Port Pin Out .................................................................................................. 3-33
PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors Port Pin Outs ................................................... 3-34
Parallel Port Connector (J1) Pin Out............................................................................... 3-35
37-Pin Connectors (J2 & J3) Pin Out .............................................................................. 3-36
PC Control Signals Connector (J4) Pin Out .................................................................... 3-37
Control Signals to the Modem Connector (J5) Pin Out................................................... 3-38
Data From/To the PC Connector (J6) Pin Out ................................................................ 3-39
Optional Power Connector (J7) Pin Out.......................................................................... 3-40
Tools Required Index ........................................................................................................ 4-1
Maintenance Tasks ........................................................................................................... 4-2
REV 01
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Table of Contents
LIST OF TABLES (Cont.)
Table
Number
Title
Table 5-1
Table 5-2
Table 5-3
Table B-1
Table B-2
Table B-3
Table D-1
Table E-1
Table E-2
Table E-3
Table G-1
Table G-2
Table G-3
Table G-4
Table G-5
Table G-6
Table G-7
Table G-8
Table G-9
Table G-10
Table G-11
Table G-12
Table G-13
Table G-14
Table G-15
Table G-16
Table G-17
Table G-18
Table G-19
Table G-20
Table G-21
Table G-22
Table G-23
Table G-24
Table G-25
Table G-26
Table G-27
Table G-28
Table G-29
Table G-30
Table G-31
Table G-32
Table G-33
Table G-34
Table G-35
Table G-36
Table G-37
Table G-38
Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts List (85 Terminal) ..........................5-4
Rack Adapter Kit Parts List (85 Terminal)..........................................................................5-5
Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts List (93 Terminal) ..........................5-6
MAC for RFMOW .............................................................................................................. B-5
Tools and Test Equipment Requirements for RFMOW .................................................... B-7
Remarks for RFMOW........................................................................................................ B-8
Expendable/Durable Items List ......................................................................................... D-1
KIV-7, KIV-7HS, and KIV-7HSB Configuration ................................................................. E-5
STE (Tactical) Configuration ............................................................................................. E-7
SDM-300A Remote Interface Settings............................................................................ E-10
NT Power Up.....................................................................................................................G-1
Executing the RFMOW Server and Client ........................................................................G-2
Connect to Server .............................................................................................................G-3
Basic Node Configuration .................................................................................................G-4
Power and Frequency Configuration Screen Value Ranges ............................................G-5
Power and Frequency Configuration ................................................................................G-6
Main Menu Functions........................................................................................................G-7
NT Status Line Fields......................................................................................................G-10
NT Network Login ...........................................................................................................G-12
Reading a Text Orderwire Message ...............................................................................G-13
Composing and Sending a Message ..............................................................................G-15
Viewing Archived Messages ...........................................................................................G-17
Filtering Messages From a Message Log.......................................................................G-17
Cutting and Pasting Text.................................................................................................G-18
Favorite Groups Screen ..................................................................................................G-18
Requesting a Secure Call ...............................................................................................G-19
Cancelling a Secure Call Request ..................................................................................G-19
Receiving a Call ..............................................................................................................G-19
Displaying the Terminal Status Scren.............................................................................G-20
Transferring a File ...........................................................................................................G-22
Retrieving a File From the Server Computer ..................................................................G-24
Displaying, Filtering, Saving, and Printing the Live Event Log .......................................G-25
Displaying, Filtering, Saving, and Printing the Archived Event Log ................................G-28
Displaying the Power and Frequency Configuration Screen ..........................................G-29
Displaying the Terminal Status Screen...........................................................................G-29
Terminal Status Screen Fields ........................................................................................G-30
Displaying the Link Status Screen ..................................................................................G-31
Link Status Screen Fields ...............................................................................................G-32
Sending Native Hardware Commands............................................................................G-35
Turning On and Off The Interface Unit Audio Alarm .......................................................G-36
Manually Adjusting Control Modem Power During Operation ........................................G-36
Manually Adjusting ROW Link Frequency Offset During Operation ...............................G-37
Setting Min or Max Eb/No Alarm Thresholds for a Link ..................................................G-37
Detach from Server/Stop Server .....................................................................................G-38
Server Control Handover ................................................................................................G-38
Logging Out of the Network ............................................................................................G-40
Viewing Packet Statistics ................................................................................................G-41
Saving Log Files to an External Medium and Deleting Them from the Hard Disk..........G-43
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CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION, EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION & THEORY OF OPERATION
1.1
SCOPE
This technical manual covers procedures and supporting information for operating and maintaining the
RFMOW. Coverage includes operation, troubleshooting, and maintenance procedures. The material
presented in this manual is written for an experienced operator/maintenance personnel responsible for the
RFMOW. Standard shop practices used during maintenance are not described.
Figure 1-1 RFMOW for AN/TSC-85D Terminal NSN: 5895-01-522-2119
Figure 1-2 Rack Adapter Kit for AN/TSC-85D Terminal NSN: 5975-01-529-3943
REV 01
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Replacement Frequency
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
Figure 1-3 RFMOW for AN/TSC-93D Terminal NSN: 5895-01-522-2117
1.2
MAINTENANCE FORMS, RECORDS, AND REPORTS
Reports of Maintenance and Unsatisfactory Equipment. Department of the Army forms and procedures used
for equipment maintenance will be those prescribed by DA Pam 738-750, as contained in Maintenance
Management Update.
1.3
REPORTING EQUIPMENT IMPROVEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS (EIR)
Army. If your equipment needs improvement, let us know. Send us an EIR. You, the user, are the only one
who can tell us what you don’t like about your equipment. Let us know why you don’t like the design or
performance. Put it on an SF 368 (Product Quality Deficiency Report). Mail it to: Commander, US Army
Communications-Electronics Command and Fort Monmouth, ATTN: AMSEL-LC-COM-T-SLEP, Fort
Monmouth, New Jersey 07703-5006. We’ll send you a reply.
1.4
CORROSION PREVENTION AND CONTROL (CPC)
The RFMOW is intended for use only inside a shelter.
1.5
DESTRUCTION OF ARMY ELECTRONICS MATERIAL
Destruction of Army electronics materiel to prevent enemy use shall be in accordance with TM 750-244-2.
1.6
PREPARATION FOR STORAGE OR SHIPMENT
Administrative storage of equipment issued to and used by Army activities will have Preventive Maintenance
Checks and Services (PMCS) performed before storing (see Section 4.3). When removing the equipment
from administrative storage, the PMCS checks should be performed to assure operational readiness.
1.7
1-2
WARRANTY INFORMATION
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Chapter 1
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
The following instructions are for the RFMOW 41700-8593 equipment requirements. The Raven Electronics
Corporation equipment, RFMOW, includes a factory warranty of 24 months. All warranties are tracked by
serial number. Please contact our Repair Department for warranty expiration date. Failures resulting from
material/workmanship defects will be repaired under the warranty.
Warranty Claims: All warranty claims must be initiated by the organization using the equipment. This process
will start with the user notifying the contractor, Raven Electronics Corporation. Log onto Raven Electronics
Corporation website at:
http://www.ravencomm.com/RMA
Complete worksheet and select “Submit”. Raven personnel will assign an RMA number, followed by response
via telephone or email within 48 hours. Upon assignment of RMA number, return equipment to Raven
Electronics Corporation. Raven Electronics Corporation will respond with replacement or repair of equipment
upon verification of failure.
RETURN SHIPPING ADDRESS.
Raven Electronics Corporation
400 Edison Way
Reno, NV 89502
Attn: Repair Department
HOTLINE: (866) 329-2363 Toll-free
(775) 858-2400 Outside the continental United States
REV 01
1-3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
1.8
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS/ACRONYMS
See Appendix H, Glossary, for a complete list of abbreviations and acronyms.
1.9
QUALITY OF MATERIAL
The RFMOW contains no user-serviceable parts inside each unit (chassis) contained in the rack. Opening the
units voids the warranty.
1.10
SAFETY, CARE, AND HANDLING
The safety of people working with hazardous voltage is of paramount importance. The fully enclosed chassis
protects personnel from inadvertently coming in contact with dangerous voltages. There are no userserviceable parts in this assembly, so therefore it should not be opened.
1.11
EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION AND DATA
This document provides operating, maintenance, and troubleshooting instructions for the Replacement
Frequency Modulated Orderwire (RFMOW) Network Terminal (NT).
1.12
EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS, CAPABILITIES, AND FEATURES
The RFMOW equipment provides satellite communications terminal operators and satellite communications
network managers with an over-the-satellite text message and secure voice orderwire capability to support the
establishment and maintenance of mission communications.
A satellite communication system is comprised of an Earth Segment, consisting of ground terminals, a Space
Segment composed of one or more satellites and a Control Segment containing terminal operation and control
equipment.
1.12.1
Earth Segment
The earth segment contains the satellite terminals as well as all of the interconnecting land-line facilities. A
ground terminal normally communicates with only one satellite at a time, but it has the capability to change
from one satellite to another as required. The earth segment of the satellite system can be divided into two
functional groups; the subscriber or user and the satellite earth terminal. A satellite communications system
between two subscribers is shown in Figure 1-4. The subscriber and switching equipment are not actually a
part of the satellite communications system but are included to show its relationship to the total system.
1.12.1.1
Subscriber
The subscriber or user is the ultimate destination of information transferred over a satellite communication
system. An interconnecting link usually exists between the satellite terminal and the subscriber. This
interconnection link transfers the data to a switching center or to the actual user. This link could be either a
simple landline cable or an elaborate radio or microwave link. Subscriber or switching center equipment
provides the proper input/output signal levels and signal processing for data transferred to the satellite
terminal.
SATELLITE
Control Link
m
Co
m
C
Lin
k
tro
on
Co
lL
in
k
SATELLITE
SEGMENT
Co
nt
ro
l
m
m
Lin
Lin
k
Satellite
Earth
Subscriber
Terminal
k
CONTROL SEGMENT
Subscriber
Satellite
Satellite
Earth
Earth
Terminal
Station
Satellite
Earth
Subscriber
EARTH SEGMENT
Terminal
Satellite
Earth
Subscriber
Station
Figure 1-4 Satellite Communications System Block Diagram
1-4
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Chapter 1
1.12.1.2
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Satellite Earth Terminal
The function of the satellite earth terminal is to provide the means to communicate with another earth terminal
through a satellite link. Major components of an earth terminal include an antenna and associated
transmitting, receiving, telemetry, modulating, demodulating and multiplexing equipment. Functionally, a
satellite terminal is divided into five basic equipment groups. Figure 1-5 illustrates the major functional
equipment groups of a satellite terminal.
BASEBAND
GROUP
MODEM
GROUP
TRANSMITTER
GROUP
Upconverter
User
Signals
Interconnect
Line
MUX/
DEMUX
Power
Amp.
ANTENNA
EQUIPMENT
Satellite
Antenna
Modem
Mechanical
Linkage
Downconverter
RECEIVER GROUP
LNA
Antenna
Control
Figure 1-5 Satellite Terminal Block Diagram
1.12.1.2.1 Baseband Equipment Group
The baseband equipment group provides an interface for the interconnection link from the user for the transfer
of data and voice signals to the terminal. When multiple signals are to be sent during transmission, they are
formatted and combined into a single data stream by a multiplexer/demultiplexer (mux/demux) unit and sent to
the modem equipment group. During reception, multiplexed signals from the modem equipment group are
demultiplexed, conditioned and sent to the user.
1.12.1.2.2 Modem Equipment Group
This equipment group contains one or more modems that use the multiplexed data to modulate an
intermediate frequency (IF) carrier during transmit or demodulate a received IF signal during receive.
1.12.1.2.3 Transmitter Equipment Group
The transmitter equipment group contains upconverters to translate the modulated IF to the operating
frequency and a high power amplifier (HPA) to boost the amplitude of the signal.
1.12.1.2.4 Receiver Equipment Group
The receiver equipment group contains downconverters to translate the received signal to an IF signal for the
modem.
1.12.1.2.5 Antenna Equipment Group
The antenna equipment group provides the ability to transmit the signal to or receive from the satellite. This
equipment group includes the antenna containing the satellite dish and feedhorn, low noise amplifier (LNA) for
amplifying the received signal, switches, waveguides and antenna control unit. The antenna control unit
determines the elevation and azimuth angle corrections to move the antenna so that it continues to point
directly at the satellite.
REV 01
1-5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
1.12.2
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
Description
The RFMOW is a command and control voice and messaging system. In this specification, the terms
“RFMOW” and “system” shall be synonymous. The system shall provide functions to allow users to create,
edit, transmit, archive, retrieve, and receive messages. The system shall consist of a variety of hardware and
software components and shall support multiple tactical terminal users. The RFMOW architecture shall
support operations over a DSCS satellite network. The system shall be modular to support expansion beyond
the current order wire mission capability to include: additional users and multiple satellite subnets. The
functional architecture of the RFMOW shall be as depicted in Figure 1-6.
9600 Bps
Tactical
Terminals
9600 Bps
Control
Console
Figure 1-6 Functional Architecture of the RFMOW
The RFMOW network shall incorporate pre-existing legacy AN/TSC-85D(V)1 and AN/TSC-93D(V)1, AN/TSC152 AND AN/USC-59 terminal and control equipment units and newly acquired Tactical Terminal Units (T2U).
The T2U shall include the EF Data SDM300A satellite modem, a Pentium IV class computer, Personal
Computer (PC) operator interface, STE, interface unit, rack insertable enclosure, internal enclosure cabling,
Intermediate Frequency (IF) signal combiner/divider panel and external connectors. The combiner/divider
panel shall be provided separate from the enclosure.
1.13
LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION OF MAJOR COMPONENTS
The major components on the front and rear panels of the RFMOW are identified in the following illustrations
and tables.
1-6
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1
14
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
12
15
Figure 1-7 RFMOW (Front)
Table 1-1 RFMOW (Front)
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
Enclosure
2
Enclosure Panel
3
Modem
4
Fan Panel
5
Computer
6
Power Distribution Panel
7
Monitor Clamp Panel
8
Monitor Drawer
9
Keyboard and Mouse Drawer
10
Interface Unit
11
KIV-7
12
STU/STE Telephone Drawer
13
STE
14
Combiner/Divider Panel
15
Patch Panel
(Note: Secure Telephone and KIV is not shown)
REV 01
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
Figure 1-8 RFMOW (Rear)
Table 1-2 RFMOW (Rear)
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
Enclosure
2
Enclosure Panel
3
Modem
4
Fan Panel
5
Computer
6
Power Distribution Panel
7
Monitor Clamp Panel
8
Keyboard, Monitor, and Mouse
9
Interface Unit
10
STU/STE Telephone Drawer
11
Combiner/Divider Panel
12
Patch Panel
(Note: Interconnect Cables are not shown)
1-8
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1
2
Table 1-3
ITEM
Top RFMOW Cover
COMPONENT
1
Power Input Connector
2
Ground Connector
Figure 1-9 RFMOW (Top Panel)
REV 01
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2
3
4
5
Figure 1-10 Enclosure Panel (Front Panel)
Table 1-4
ITEM
1-10
Enclosure Panel
COMPONENT
1
RJ485 From RFMOW Computer Connector
2
Ethernet From RFMOW Computer Connector
3
RX IF to RFMOW Modem CP2 Connector
4
TX IF to RFMOW Modem CP1 Connector
5
RS232 From RFMOW Computer Connector
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1
2
3
4
5
7
Figure 1-7 SDM-300A Modem (Front Panel)
Figure 1-11 SDM-300A Modem (Front Panel)
6
Table 1-5
SDM-300A Modem (Front)
ITEM
REV 01
8
COMPONENT
1
Alarm Status LEDs
2
Fault Status LEDs
3
Status LEDs
4
32-character, 2-line Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
5
Enter Button
6
Clear Button
7
Up and Down Select Keys
8
Left and Right Select Keys
1-11
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Modulated Orderwire
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2
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
3
4
6
5
7
10
9
8
Figure 1-12 SDM-300A Modem (Rear Panel)
Table 1-6
SDM-300A Modem (Rear)
ITEM
1-12
COMPONENT
1
Grounding Stud
2
AC Power Input Connector
3
J8 Data I/O Connector (37-pin D)
4
J6 Remote Connector (9-pin D)
5
J7 Fault Connector (9-pin D) (Not used)
6
J9 AUX1 Connector (9-pin D) (Not used)
7
J10 Alarms Connector (9-pin D) (Not used)
8
CP1 TX/IF Output BNC Connector
9
CP2 RX/IF Input BNC Connector
10
CP3 External Ref BNC Connector (Not used)
REV 01
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1
Figure 1-13 Fan Panel (Front Panel)
Table 1-7
ITEM
1
REV 01
Fan Panel (Front)
COMPONENT
Air Intake Filters
1-13
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Modulated Orderwire
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Chapter 1
1
2
Figure 1-14 Fan Panel (Rear Panel)
Table 1-8
ITEM
1-14
Fan Panel (Rear)
COMPONENT
1
DC Cooling Fans
2
Power Connector (9-pin D)
REV 01
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3
4
2
5
Figure 1-15 Computer (Front Panel)
Table 1-9
Computer (Front Panel)
ITEM
REV 01
6
COMPONENT
1
Power LED
2
Disk LED
3
Thumb Screw
4
Intake Air Filter
5
Front Panel Access
6
Thumb Screw
1-15
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
3
1
2
4
6
5
7
8
Figure 1-16 Computer (Front Panel without Front Cover)
Table 1-10 Computer (Front without Front Cover)
ITEM
1-16
COMPONENT
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
Power LED
5
Reset Button
2
Disk LED
6
DVD/CD-RW Drive
3
Fan Input Filter
7
3.5” Floppy Drive
4
Soft Power Button
8
USB Port
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1
3
2
5
4
8
6
11
7
9
12
13
10
15
14
16
17
Figure 1-17 Computer (Rear Panel)
Table 1-11
ITEM
REV 01
COMPONENT
Computer (Rear)
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
Air Exhaust Filter
10
Com Port 4 Connector
2
Grounding Stud
11
Mouse Connector
3
Power Connector Retainer
12
Keyboard Connector
4
Power Connector
13
Printer Connector
5
Microphone In (Not used)
14
Ethernet Connector
6
Line In (Not used)
15
USB Port Connectors
7
Line Out (Not used)
16
Com Port 1 Connector
8
VGA Serial Port Connector
17
Com Port 2 Connector
9
Com Port 3 Connector
1-17
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1
2
Figure 1-18 Power Distribution (Front Panel)
Table 1-12
ITEM
1-18
Power Distribution (Front)
COMPONENT
1
Circuit Breaker
2
On / Off Power Switch
REV 01
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Replacement Frequency
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2
3
Figure 1-19 Power Distribution (Rear Panel)
Table 1-13
ITEM
REV 01
Power Distribution (Rear)
COMPONENT
1
Grounding Stud
2
AC Power Input
3
AC Power Output Strip
1-19
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Chapter 1
1
Figure 1-20 Monitor Clamp (Front Panel)
Table 1-14
ITEM
1
1-20
Monitor Clamp
COMPONENT
Monitor Clamp
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1
2
3
4
5
6
Figure 1-21 Monitor (Front Panel)
Table 1-15 Monitor (Front)
ITEM
REV 01
COMPONENT
1
Exit Button
2
Left Button
3
Right Button
4
Menu Button
5
Power Button
6
Monitor Screen
1-21
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1
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
2
3
4
5
100 - 240 VAC
50 / 60 HZ
1.5 AMPS
ANALOG
RGB (VGA)
KEYBOARD
(VIOLET)
MOUSE
(GREEN)
Figure 1-22 Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse (Rear Panel)
Table 1-16 Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse (Rear)
ITEM
1-22
COMPONENT
1
Grounding Stud
2
Power Connector
3
Monitor Connector
4
Keyboard Connector
5
Mouse Connector
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2
1
3
4
5
Figure 1-23 Interface Unit (Front Panel)
Table 1-17 Interface Unit (Front)
REV 01
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
Housing Enclosure for the KIV-7 Device
2
J1 Connectors for the STU/STE
3
Alarm Horn
4
On / Off Power Switch
5
Status and Mode LEDs
1-23
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
1
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
3
4
6
7
9
10
8 5 -2 6 4 V AC
2
5
11
8
Figure 1-24 Interface Unit (Rear Panel)
Table 1-18
ITEM
1-24
COMPONENT
Interface Unit (Rear)
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
Power Connector
7
J5 Modem Control Connector
2
Grounding Stud
8
J6 Modem Data Connector
3
Mode and Enable Auto TX Switches
9
J7 Power Out Connector
4
J2 Controller Modem Data Connector
10
J1 STU Connector
5
J3 Auxiliary Modem Data Connector
11
J1 STE Connector
6
J4 Controller Connector
REV 01
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1
2
3
4
Figure 1-25 RFMOW Patch Panel (Front)
Table 1-19 RFMOW Patch Panel (Front)
ITEM
REV 01
COMPONENT
1
RS485 connection to curbside J4
2
Ethernet connection to Signal Entrance Panel
3
RX IF connection from Combiner/Divider Panel
4
TX IF connection to Combiner/Divider Panel
1-25
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1
2
3
4
Figure 1-26 RFMOW Patch Panel (Rear)
Table 1-20 RFMOW Patch Panel (Rear)
1-26
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
TX IF connection to Combiner/Divider Panel
2
RX IF connection from Combiner/Divider Panel
3
Ethernet connection to Signal Entrance Panel
4
RS485 connection to curbside J4
REV 01
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1
2
3
4
5
Figure 1-27 Combiner/Divider Panel(85D) (Front)
Table 1-21 Combiner/Divider Panel (Front)
ITEM
REV 01
COMPONENT
1
IF Signal from TX MD-1340
2
IF Signal to TX MD-1340
3
RFMOW Attenuator
4
Composite Signal output to Up Converter
5
Composite Signal input from Down Converter
1-27
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1
5
2
6
3
7
4
Figure 1-28 Combiner/Divider Panel(93D) (Rear)
Table 1-22
ITEM
1-28
Combiner/Divider (Rear)
COMPONENT
ITEM
COMPONENT
1
Composite Signal output to Up Converter
5
IF Signal from TX MD-1340
2
Composite Signal input from Down Converter
6
IF Signal to TX MD-1340
3
Divider
7
Combiner
4
RFMOW Attenuator
REV 01
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Chapter 1
1.14
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MODELS
The 41700-8593 (85) RFMOW contains a Combiner/Divider Panel (41700-085) and a Patch Panel (41700185) as well as two Rack Adapter Kits (41700-8593). The 41700-8593 (93) RFMOW contains a
Combiner/Divider Panel (41700-093) and a Patch Panel (41700-193) as well as one Rack Adapter Kit (417008593).
1.15
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
The RFMOW technical data includes the physical, electrical, and environmental data described in the following
paragraphs.
1.15.1
Physical Characteristics
The RFMOW physical characteristics are listed in Tables 1-23.
Table 1-23 RFMOW Physical Data
Raven RFMOW Characteristics
Standard
Metric
Measurements:
Width
19.00 inches
45.09 cm
Depth
20.00 inches
50.80 cm
Height
29.50 inches
74.93 cm
180 lbs.
81.65 kg
Weight (fully loaded)
Raven 41700-003 Enclosure
Panel Characteristics
Measurements:
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
1.50 inches
3.81 cm
Height
1.75 inches
4.45 cm
74 lbs.
Standard
33.57 kg
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
43.18 cm
Depth
15.50 inches
39.37 cm
Height
1.75 inches
4.45 cm
9.50 lbs.
4.31 kg
Weight
Raven 41700-001 Fan Panel
Characteristics
Measurements:
REV 01
Metric
Width
Weight
Comtech/EF Data SDM-300A
Modem Characteristics
Measurements:
Weight
Standard
Standard
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
1.67 inches
4.24 cm
Height
5.25 inches
13.35 cm
1.60 lbs.
0.73 kg
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
Raven 41700-005 Computer
Characteristics
Measurements:
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
15.00 inches
38.10 cm
Height
3.50 inches
8.89 cm
18.50 lbs.
8.39 kg
Standard
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
4.50 inches
11.43 cm
Height
1.75 inches
4.45 cm
4.00 lbs.
1.81 kg
Weight
Raven 41700-004 Monitor Clamp
Characteristics
Measurements:
Standard
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
0.75 inches
1.91 cm
Height
1.75 inches
4.45 cm
8.00 oz.
0.23 kg
Weight
Raven 41700-015
Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse
Characteristics
Measurements:
Standard
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
18.50 inches
46.99 cm
Height
3.50 inches
8.89 cm
Weight
Raven 41700-777 Interface Unit
Characteristics
Measurements:
1-30
Metric
Width
Weight
Raven 41700-006 Power Distribution
Characteristics
Measurements:
Weight
Standard
31.50 lbs.
Standard
14.06 kg
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
13.00 inches
33.02 cm
Height
3.50 inches
8.89 cm
14.00 lbs.
6.35 kg
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Chapter 1
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Raven 41700-002 STU/STE Drawer
Characteristics
Measurements:
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
15.00 inches
38.10 cm
Height
3.50 inches
8.89 cm
9.50 lbs.
4.31 kg
Standard
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
4.00 inches
10.16 cm
Height
5.22 inches
13.26 cm
Weight
Raven 41700-093 Combiner/Divider
Panel Characteristics
Measurements:
3.00 lbs.
Standard
1.36 kg
Metric
Width
19.12 inches
48.56 cm
Depth
4.00 inches
10.16 cm
Height
15.53 inches
39.45 cm
Weight
Raven 41700-185 Patch Panel
Characteristics
Measurements:
9.00 lbs.
Standard
4.08 kg
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
1.25 inches
3.18 cm
Height
4.34 inches
11.02 cm
Weight
Raven 41700-193 Patch Panel
Characteristics
Measurements:
REV 01
Metric
Width
Weight
Raven 41700-085 Combiner/Divider
Panel Characteristics
Measurements:
Weight
Standard
1.00 lbs.
Standard
0.45 kg
Metric
Width
19.00 inches
48.26 cm
Depth
1.25 inches
3.18 cm
Height
5.22 inches
13.26 cm
1.50 lbs.
0.68 kg
1-31
Replacement Frequency
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1.15.2
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
Electrical Characteristics
The RFMOW electrical characteristics are listed in Table 1-24.
Table 1-24 Electrical Data
RFMOW Characteristics
Input Power
1.15.3
Value
95 to 125 VAC
Environmental Characteristics
The RFMOW environmental data is listed in Table 1-25.
Table 1-25 Environmental Data
Characteristics
Temperature (Ambient)
Relative Humidity
Altitude
Non-Operating
-40°C to 60°C (-40°F to 140°F)
Operating
0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F)
Non-Operating
10 to 90% Non-Condensing
Operating
10 to 90% Non-Condensing
Non-Operating
To 15,000 ft. above mean sea level
Operating
To 10,000 ft. above mean sea level
As encountered during normal
equipment transport by common
carrier as secured cargo by land, sea,
or air, and as encountered during
tactical off-road movement
As encountered during normal
operator maintenance
Non-Operating
Shock and Vibration
Operating
1.16
Value
EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED
Chapter 5 of this manual provides a parts list of the equipment supplied with the RFMOW.
1.17
EQUIPMENT REQUIRED BUT NOT SUPPLIED
The equipment that is required, but not supplied for the RFMOW is shown in Table 1-26.
Table 1-26 Government Furnished Equipment
Equipment
COMSEC Equipment
1-32
Remarks
KIV-7 and Secure Telephone Equipment (STE)
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
1.18
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
INITIAL INSTALLATION AND SETUP
The following sections provide information required for installation, setup, and replacement of the
Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire (RFMOW) for use. The information includes:
•
•
•
•
•
1.19
Equipment location and mounting
Power distribution and grounding
Unpacking
Setup and preparation for use
Cooling System
EQUIPMENT LOCATION AND MOUNTING
The RFMOW is designed to be rack-mounted in a standard depth, 19-inch wide equipment rack.
1.20
POWER DISTRIBUTION AND GROUNDING
The following subparagraphs describe the power distribution and grounding of the RFMOW.
WARNING
Proper grounding is an important safety feature, and must be a primary
consideration in all electrical and electronic equipment installations. Ensure that
all grounding connections are secure and that all grounding cables are kept out
of vehicle and personnel paths.
WARNING
Use extreme care when working around electrical equipment to avoid the
possibility of severe or fatal electrical shock. Remove all jewelry (i.e. rings,
necklaces, etc.) before working with the RFMOW.
WARNING
Ensure that all power connections are properly insulated, clean, and
mechanically secure to prevent personnel injury when the RFMOW is powered
up and operated. When the RFMOW power cables are installed, carefully
inspect all connectors and wiring for worn or broken parts. Make any necessary
repairs before powering up the RFMOW. If any cable or connector damage is
discovered while the RFMOW is operating, the RFMOW should be powered
down and the damage repaired immediately.
1.20.1
Power Distribution
The 95-125 VAC, 47-63 Hz AC power is input via the AC Power Connector (located on top of the RFMOW
chassis) and is applied to the RFMOW. The Power Distribution provides operating voltages to all major
components of the RFMOW.
1.20.2
Grounding
Grounding to the user equipment rack shall consist of a grounding cable attached to the RFMOW grounding
stud on top of the Rack Adapter.
REV 01
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1.21
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 1
RFMOW UNPACKING
Upon receiving the RFMOW, remove the rack adapter and the various boxes from the shipping container.
Remove the units from the shipping boxes. Remove all packing materials from inside the RFMOW Rack and
Interface Unit. Inspect for any obvious signs of external damage due to shipping. Retain the original shipping
containers in case the unit(s) need to be returned to the depot for repair.
1.22
SETUP AND PREPARATION FOR USE: ALL MODELS
Install the RFMOW by performing the steps in Section 4.4.1.
1.23
COOLING SYSTEM
The RFMOW is air-cooled by a fan assembly that pulls air in through two intakes in the fan panel assembly
towards the top of the Rack Adapter. See maintenance procedures in Chapter 4 for filter cleaning and/or
replacement information.
1-34
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Chapter 2
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
CHAPTER 2
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
2.1
INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides the information necessary for setup, initialization, and operation of the RFMOW. This
chapter includes:
NETWORK TERMINAL (NT)
• Principles of Operation
• Equipment Theory of Operation and Functional Diagrams
• Controls and Indicators
• Equipment Description
• Equipment Power-Up
• Equipment Power-Down
• NT Installation, Configuration, and Checkout
2.2
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
2.2.1
Subsystems – Servers and Clients
At each site, there must be one server and at least one client. The server is located on the computer that is
physically attached to the RFMOW equipment. A client may also reside on the same computer as the server.
Other clients may be connected to the server via an Ethernet network (see Figure 2-1, RFMOW System
Network Node Architecture)
RFMOW
Equipment
Server
Client
Client
Client
Clie nt
Client
Client
Figure 2-1. RFMOW System Network Node Architecture
There are two types of clients. One is the control client and the other is the monitor client. The client which
connects to the server first is designated the control client. However, the control client can hand over its
REV 01
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control privilege to any monitor client that is connected to the server. Only control clients are permitted to
make changes to equipment configurations that could affect the operation of the RFMOW network.
When the RFMOW terminal software is started, it first examines the hard disk for a file containing basic
configuration data. If this file is not found, the software proceeds through the terminal initialization and
configuration screens and the operator has to configure the terminal manually. If the file is found and contains
valid configuration data, this data is used as default data. The software will still display the terminal
initialization and configuration screens. The operator should check that the data as displayed in the
initialization and Power and Frequency Configuration screens is correct and then click OK at each screen to
confirm the data. If any parameters need to be changed, follow the procedure in Chapter 4 for the specific
screen.
For an NT, the software also reads a file on the hard disk that contains network data, to determine whether
there was a problem at the terminal (e.g., a power outage) and if the PC/Controller was disrupted during
normal operations. In this case, the software will try to resume the network using the existing database. If the
network has not changed since the terminal went down, the terminal will automatically resume normal
operations. If it is found that the state of the network has changed while the terminal was down, RFMOW will
wait for an updated TDMA schedule, which comes automatically from the NCT via the FOW. It will then
proceed with the login process to rejoin the network.
2.2.2
Subnets
The RFMOW network may be divided into multiple subnets. A RFMOW Subnet ID and frequency set are
identified by the Satellite Access Authorization (SAA) and entered into the RFMOW software by the operator.
Each Subnet operates at a different set of frequencies and Subnet ID, unique from the other subnets within the
network. The NCT operator must define at least one subnet during the initial establishment of the network. All
NTs entering the network must use an existing subnet defined in the SAA for network access.
2.2.3
Network Messages
All automated operations at the NCT and NT are executed through the exchange of network messages over
the FOW and ROW. The general message format for all messages is shown in Figure 2-2 and an explanation
for each of the fields in the message template is described in Table 2-1.
Header (SOM)
CRC
Destination ID
Message Type
Flags
Source ID
Sequence Number
ACK Number
Payload Length
Payload . . .
...
Figure 2-2. Network Message Format
TABLE 2-1 Network Message Fields
MESSAGE FIELD
2-2
SIZE IN BYTES
PURPOSE
SOM
4
Delimiter indicating the beginning of a message
CRC
2
Cyclic Redundancy Check for the rest of the message
Message Type
1
Identifies the type of message (e.g., text orderwire)
Source ID
1
ID of the terminal that created this message
Destination ID
1
ID of the [first] destination (but, see flags)
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TABLE 2-1 Network Message Fields
MESSAGE FIELD
SIZE IN BYTES
Flags
1
PURPOSE
Bit filed containing the following flag bits:
0x80
Destination = All Terminals
0x40
Invalid ID - "I have No ID"
0x20
0x08
Destinations in payload (byte 16 = number of
destinations; bytes 17-n = Destination IDs)
message is a fragment (byte 16 = fragment
number; byte 17 = number of fragments)
message is urgent data
0x04
message is a retransmitted message
0x02
message is part of a group to
0x01
message needs to be acknowledged
0x10
Sequence Number
2
Identifier used for acknowledging messages
ACK Number
2
Payload Length
2
Number of the latest message received by the source
terminal
Size of payload in bytes
Payload
Variable
Message data
The “Flags” byte contains information related to the addressing and acknowledgment of messages.
Network messages can be grouped into five sets based on their function:
a. Network control messages
b. Network login/logout messages
c.
Equipment control messages
d. Network data messages
e. Secure voice configuration messages
Each group of messages are explained in further detail in the following subsections.
2.2.3.1
Network Control Messages
Network control messages are used by the NCT to inform the NTs of changes in network operation. Some
messages are the “Bulletin Board” (BB) message, the “Begin Access Window” message; the “Access Window
is Open” message, and the “TDMA Schedule” message. The BB message is periodically transmitted by the
NCT to all NTs in the network. It serves three purposes. The primary purpose is to inform terminals (which
are not currently members of the network) of the network's current operating parameters. These parameters
include the FOW frequency and the ROW frequency for each subnet, the network name, the satellite Inter
Range Operation Number (IRON), and the remaining time until the next access period where new NTs are
allowed to attempt network entry. This information is required for initial entry into the network. The BB
message additionally includes the “network time” at the moment of transmission. When an NT is waiting to
login to the network, it uses the network time in the BB message to estimate the difference between the local
system clock and the network time. The network name and satellite IRON are used to ensure that an NT
acquiring the FOW is communicating within the desired network.
Other messages (“TDMA Schedule”, “Begin Access Window”, “Access Window is Open”) inform the NTs that
the network is transitioning to a state of Normal operations, or that the network is transitioning to or is within an
Access window during which additional terminals may contend for network entry. These messages
disseminate the information required by NTs when the network switches between operating modes. In the
REV 01
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Normal mode of operation, the network is functioning directly in support of its mission; to provide control
orderwire services between the NCT and the NTs. In the Access mode of operation, NTs gain access to the
network by logging-in. At any one point in time, the network is either allowing terminals to join the network
(Access), or the network is supporting control orderwire traffic (Normal). These messages and their use are
fully described in Section 2.2.6 (Network Modes of Operation).
Other network control messages include the “Network Shutdown”, “Suspend Network”, “Resume Network”,
“Request Network Control”, “Handover Network Control”, “Accept Network Handover”, “Deny Network
Handover”, “NCT Frequencies”, and “NCT Network Configuration” messages which are used in other network
control operations.
2.2.3.2
Network Login/Logout Messages
The login/logout message group is composed of messages used in the process of logging in to or out of the
network. These messages include the “Row Access Request” “Grant of Row Access” “Accept of Row Access”
“ROW Is Good” “ROW Release” “Login Request” “Log in Acknowledge” “Log in Successful” “Login Failure”
“NT Clock” “NT Term Conf Data” “Log out Request” “Log out Postpone” “Logout Done” “Logout Deny” “Force
Logout” “Disconnection” “Reconnection” and “Reconnect Request” messages. The messages related to the
ROW, Log in, NT Clock, and the NT Term Conf Data message are used in the log in process that is fully
explained in Section G-1.4.1 Network Login (NT). The Log out messages are used by the NCT and an NT to
control the process of logging an NT out of the network, are explained in Section G-1.7 (NT) for (Terminal
Logout). The “Disconnection”, “Reconnection”, and “Reconnect Request” messages are used in management
of the disconnect process. Other information regarding disconnect are described in section G-1.6 (NT)
(Disconnect).
2.2.3.3
Equipment Control Messages
Terminal control messages are used by the NCT to control the equipment of an NT during execution of certain
automated procedures. These messages include the “Change Modem Parameter” message, the “Hardware
Command” message, the “Hardware Response” message, the “Begin and End ROW Measurement”
messages, and the “Time Correction” message.
The “Begin/End ROW Measurement” messages inform an NT that the NCT wants to start/end the process of
measuring the receive characteristics, that is, the frequency and Energy per bit over Noise (Eb/N0), of the
ROW as transmitted by that NT and received at the NCT. This process is fully described in Section 2.2.7
(Maintenance of Control Link Quality). During the login process, the NT’s view of the network time is adjusted
by the NCT to be as accurate as possible. Additionally, periodic re-synchronization is performed during
normal network operation, since PC/Controller clock skew can build up to unacceptable levels unless the time
is occasionally updated/reset. To accomplish this, the NCT compares the expected arrival time of the first
packet of each ROW slot for a given NT to the actual arrival time of the packet. Some filtering is applied
where the difference is compared to other recent differences, and if it is greater than a predefined maximum
allowable variation, the NCT will send a “Time Correction” message to instruct the NT to adjust its clock by the
filtered difference.
2.2.3.4
Network Data Messages
The network data messages consist of the “Network Database” “Modem Statistics” “ROW/FOW Statistics”
“Link Configuration” “Text Orderwire” “File Transfer” “NCT Message Acknowledge” “Undelivered Message”
and “Notice” messages. The “Network Database” message is used by the NCT to distribute the information
about the nodes in the network. The “Modem Statistics” message is used by the NTs to disseminate the
status of their control modem to the NCT. They are transmitted at regular intervals and assist the NCT in the
proper maintenance of the control channel. The status parameters include values such as the current Eb/N0,
the Bit Error Rate, and Received Signal Level as measured by the NT. The status of the FOW channel (as
received by one NT) is derived from measurements made by its control modem. “The FOW/ROW Statistics”
messages are transmitted by the NCT and are used to inform all NTs of the current status of all FOW and
ROW links.
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The Text Orderwire messages are text messages composed by operators and transmitted to or from the NCT
and destination NTs during Normal network operation. The operation of the text orderwire is described in
Section G-1.5.1 (NT) (Composing, Sending and Receiving Text Orderwire Messages). The text orderwire
function provides only UNCLASSIFIED communications transmission. It is the responsibility of the
operator/sender of the messages to ensure that classified information is not transmitted over this medium.
Operations Security (OPSEC) should be used when composing and transmitting text orderwire messages.
The secure voice orderwire is provided for those occasions where classified information must be exchanged
between the NCT and an NT.
a. The “File Transfer” message is used by any node in the network to send a file to other network
recipients. The “File Transfer” message will normally contain only part of a larger file which is
segmented by the originator and reassembled by the recipient nodes.
b. The “NCT Message Acknowledge” message is used by the NCT to acknowledge receipt of a Text
Orderwire, File Transfer, or other assured delivery message. This notification allows the source node
to be informed that the delivery of the message was successful.
c.
The “Undelivered Message” message is used by the NCT to inform a source node that a message
was not able to be delivered to the specified recipient NT.
d. The “Notice message” is used by the NT to inform the NCT operator of a problem that has occurred at
the NT that is not otherwise handled by the message protocol.
2.2.3.5
Secure Voice Configuration Messages
The secure voice configuration messages are used in the process of setting up a secure voice circuit between
the NCT and an NT. They include the “Request VO” “VO Queued” “Cancel VO” “VO Removed” “Setup VO”
“VO Done” and “VO Error” messages. These messages and how they are used is described in Section 2.2.9
(Operation of the Secure Voice Orderwire).
2.2.4
Forward Orderwire (FOW) Channel
The FDMA broadcast link connecting the NCT with all NTs is called the FOW. The purpose of the FOW is to
transfer information in the form of messages from the NCT to the NTs or from one NT to the other NTs
(through the NCT). The NCT is always transmitting the FOW whether there are messages to be sent or not
(see Figure 2-3). Therefore, there can be times where the FOW contains no messages, i.e., it is idle and only
a scrambled carrier is transmitted. Each message sent on the FOW is formatted as shown in Figure 2-3.
Messages received at the NCT from NTs (on the ROW) are interleaved (for retransmission) with NCT
originated messages and then get transmitted on the FOW.
NT 1
Msg
NT 1
Msg
NT 1
Msg
Idle
NT 2
Msg
NT 2
Msg
NCT
Msg
NT 2
Msg
NCT
Msg
NCT
Msg
NT 3
Msg
Figure 2-3. Typical FOW Sequence of Messages
2.2.5
Return Orderwire (ROW) Channel
2.2.5.1
ROW Structure
The TDMA return link connecting all NTs with the NCT is called the ROW. The ROW, as shown in Figure 2-4,
is a TDMA transmission wherein each NT transmits messages to the NCT in specified time slots. Each NT is
assigned a unique time slot when it logs into the network. The sequencing for NT ROW messages is similar to
that for FOW messages (Figure 2-3).
NT 1
Msg
NT 1
Msg
NT 1
Msg
Idle
NT 2
Msg
NT 2
Msg
NT 2
Msg
Idle
Idle
NT 3
Msg
Figure 2-4. Typical ROW Sequence of Messages
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From Figure 2-4, it can be seen that if an NT does not have enough messages to be transmitted to fill up its
allocated time slot, then periods of idle time on the ROW will result.
2.2.5.2
ROW Utilization
Figure 2-5 (a) in conjunction with Table 2-2 explains how the ROW is used during Normal and Access network
modes. Figure 2-5 (b) in conjunction with Table 2-3 explains the breakdown of an individual ROW TDMA
transmission time slot.
NT2
NT1
B
A
C
New
NT
E
A
A
NCT
NORMAL
B
ACCESS
C
D1
E
NORMAL
D2
B
(a) ROW Transmissions during NORMAL and ACCESS Modes
1
2
3
4
(b) Breakdown of a ROW TDMA Time Slot
Figure 2-5. ROW Details
TABLE 2-2 ROW Usage During Normal And Access Network Modes
LABEL
A
2-6
DESCRIPTION
The FOW signal is always present while the network is operational
B
NT 1 is transmitting on the ROW frequency during this time slot
C
NT 2 is transmitting on the ROW frequency during the next time slot
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TABLE 2-2 ROW Usage During Normal And Access Network Modes
LABEL
D1
E
D2
DESCRIPTION
An access window has opened and the NCT is waiting for a new NT
to attempt to log in to the network
A new NT began to transmit on the ROW frequency during D1 and
now the NCT is logging the new NT into the network
After the new NT logged into the network, the NCT opens another
access window. When no new NT attempts to log in, the network
transitions to NORMAL mode
TABLE 2-3 ROW TDMA Slot Elements
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
1
Front guard time prevents overlap of NT transmissions due to timing
uncertainties.
Period of time allocated for NCT control modem to synchronize on
NT’s ROW signal
Time during which NT data is transmitted over the ROW
2
3
4
2.2.6
Time to ensure that the last “bit” of data has been transmitted by the
modem before it is turned off
Network Modes of Operation
As mentioned previously, the RFMOW network operates in two modes: Normal (Operate) and Access. In the
NORMAL mode, terminals are transmitting status, text orderwire messages, and other data associated with
normal network operations in their assigned ROW TDMA slots. However, only terminals that have logged into
the network and hence have been assigned a TDMA slot can transmit messages on the ROW in this mode. In
order for a terminal to be assigned a ROW TDMA slot, the terminal must first log into the network. To make
this process possible, the NCT periodically directs the NTs to suspend transmissions on the ROW by
announcing the start of an access window. Upon receipt of the “Start of Access Window” message, all NTs
currently logged into the network stop transmitting.
The NCT operator can change the time period between access opportunities and the duration of the access
window. The appropriate interval and duration will depend upon the number of NTs attempting to log in to the
network at any particular time. Once the time between access opportunities has expired, the NCT equipment
will automatically issue a network control message that will change the network from the NORMAL mode to
the ACCESS mode. (In addition to the periodic scheduled access windows, the NCT operator can initiate an
access window manually at any time.)
A major factor dictating how long it takes for an NT to log into the network is the frequency uncertainty in the
NT relative to the NCT. This uncertainty manifests itself as an error or a difference between the expected
transmission frequency and the actual transmission frequency. This error accumulates from a number of
sources: uncertainties in the NT terminal transmit chain; uncertainties in the NCT receive chain, satellite
frequency translation error, and satellite Doppler. The larger the error, the further the control modem may
have to search to find the NT signal. Since the optimal search bandwidth is scenario dependent, this
parameter is optionally set by the NCT operator and is called the Modem Search Bandwidth.
The ACCESS mode is entered when the NCT transmits a “Start of Access Window” message that informs all
NTs awaiting the opportunity to log into the network that they may attempt to do so. The NTs already logged
into the network know, through the BB message, when this will happen and receive the announcement as well,
so they suspend their normal operations (an ongoing secure voice call is not suspended) when the network
goes into the ACCESS mode. The “Start of Access Window” message also specifies how long the window will
be open (the Access Window Duration). Each NT waiting to log into the network divides the Access Window
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Duration into slots of five seconds in length. The NT then randomly selects one of the slots to begin
transmitting a “ROW Access Request” message. This randomization of NT login times helps to reduce the
number of terminals transmitting at the same time. It is still possible that “ROW Access” messages from
multiple terminals will collide. Usually the transmit times and power levels of contending NTs are different
enough that the NCT is able to select one NT over the others. Once the NCT properly receives the “ROW
Access Request” message from a specific NT, the NCT will transmit a “Grant Of ROW Access” message to all
NTs but will only allow the specific NT to access.
Upon receipt of the “Grant of ROW Access” message over the FOW, all other NTs currently attempting to log
in cease their transmissions and wait for the next “Begin Access Window” message. The NCT then completes
the log in process for the terminal that was acknowledged. The completion process consists of the NCT
adjusting the NT transmit power and frequency to minimize future acquisition times. The adjustment process
is implemented using the “Change Modem Parameter” message that is transmitted by the NCT to the NT.
After the NCT adjusts the entering terminal’s modem parameters, the NT transmits its configuration data to the
NCT. This information is incorporated into the overall network database maintained by the NCT.
Once the NCT has either successfully logged the new terminal into the network, or given up on the attempt,
the NCT transmits a “ROW Release” message followed by another “Begin Access Window” message. The
process then repeats. The process continues until the NCT receives no “ROW Access Request” during an
access window for a given subnet. The NCT then changes its down converter to the frequency for another
subnet and repeats above process. Determining that no new terminals wish to enter the network from any of
the different subnets, the NCT transmits a “TDMA Schedule” message to distribute the new TDMA slot
assignments to all logged-in terminals, and transmits “Network Database” messages to each of the terminals,
containing information about all terminals now in the network. After that, a BB message is transmitted so that
all the NTs can update their local time to network time. Once an NT receives the current TDMA schedule, it
can begin participating in the network.
If an NT desires to log out of the network, it will transmit a “Log out Request” message to the NCT during its
next TDMA transmission. The NCT will process this message without operator intervention and transmit
“Force log out” over the FOW if Log out is not locked for the NT. Otherwise, the NCT operator must approve
the request before the "Force log out" will be transmitted over the FOW. When the NT receives the
confirmation, it will cease transmission of the ROW. If the NCT operator denies the NT log out request, a “Log
out Deny” message is sent over the FOW. If no “Force log out” or “Log out Deny” message is received from
the NCT the NT operator is given the option to locally force a log out. After a message indicating a successful
log out, the NT is no longer part of the network. As other NTs receive the log out notification, they will update
their local databases. The TDMA time slot reserved for the NT that logged out will be marked empty and will
not be used by other NTs until after the next access window when the TDMA schedule is recomputed and
redistributed.
2.2.7
Maintenance of Control Link Quality
Efficient operation of the RFMOW network relies on a relatively low bit-error-rate on the FOW and ROW. To
assist operators in maintaining link quality, each control link is assigned a high and low receive Eb/N0
threshold. These thresholds are settable by the NCT operator and serve as a basis for alerting the operator
when maintenance actions are warranted. In addition to the link alarm thresholds, there is a link automatic
power control flag for each ROW link. When this control flag is set for a ROW link, the NCT will automatically
send power adjustment commands to the appropriate NT to maintain ROW link quality. These commands are
executed through the “Change Modem Parameter” message.
The power adjustment for the ROW occurs in the following way. Since the NT TDMA slot is too short to allow
for an accurate measurement of the received NT ROW Eb/N0, the NCT sends a “Begin ROW Measurement”
message to a specific NT when there are no secure voice calls in progress. This message causes the NT to
retune its control modem’s transmit frequency to the NCT auxiliary modems receive frequency. The NT then
turns its control modem on, and waits until the NT receives the “END ROW Measurement” message from the
NCT. This transmission is sufficient for the NCT auxiliary modem to make a good Eb/N0 measurement and
receive the frequency offset. After a stable measurement is obtained, the NCT sends power and frequency
adjustment commands, as needed, to adjust the NT's ROW transmission. The NCT then transmits an “End
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ROW Measurement” message to the NT to instruct the NT software to retune the control modem back to the
normal ROW frequency. This measurement process happens automatically, without operator intervention.
Control link transmit power is adjusted using the transmit power attenuator internal to the control modem.
Operator intervention is normally not required to maintain proper link performance when the automatic power
control flag is set. The situation can occur that the control modem reaches the dynamic range limit of the
power attenuator. In such a case, the operator is alerted, and operator intervention is required. The operator
must perform an uplink chain alignment to re-center the operation of the modem within the available dynamic
range (see Appendix F, Power Balance/Alignment Procedure).
ROW links associated with ANCT terminals are not subject to automatic power adjustment. The ANCT
operator must check and, if needed, manually adjust the terminal’s output power to enable successful
communication with other network terminals in the event of a network handover. This will normally require the
ANCT to transmit at a higher output power and the NCT to receive the ANCT ROW with an Eb/N0 which is
outside the normal acceptable range. However, the NCT will not adjust the ANCT’s power, neither during log
in nor during ROW measurement. The automatic power control flag for an ANCT terminal is set to ‘N’ (no) and
is not modifiable.
2.2.8
Operation of the Text Orderwire
The primary mission of RFMOW is to provide text orderwire communications between the NTs and the NCT.
This capability is executed through a PC/Controller Text Orderwire screen that is divided into three sections.
The top section displays the list of all messages sent to and from the current terminal. The middle section of
the messages window is the display screen for received and sent messages. A user only needs to highlight a
message from the top section to have it displayed in the display section. Messages can be copied and printed
from the display section but not edited. The bottom section of the screen is an edit window used to create,
modify and transmit outgoing text orderwire messages. The text orderwire capability is designed to support
the transmission of UNCLASSIFIED messages only.
The size of a message that can be sent by an NT is dependent on the length of the timeslot assigned to it.
This length is not known until the NT goes to Operate mode and receives the timeslot information, so
composing of Text Orderwire messages is restricted until that time. Once the length of the timeslot is known,
the software will prevent the operator from composing a message that is too long to be transmitted in the
available time. NCT Operators may compose messages up to approximately 1000 characters in length.
Once a message has been composed and the operator has initiated the send function, the message is stored
within the PC/Controller in a transmit queue. During the NT's next TDMA slot, the Text Orderwire messages
(and any other messages stored in the transmit queue) are transmitted to the NCT. All messages received by
the NCT are stored and processed for viewing by the NCT operator. If there are other NTs in the destination
list, the message is immediately retransmitted on the FOW. The controller software on each NT then looks at
the destination list of the Text Orderwire message as it is received. Messages addressed to that NT are
stored for operator viewing and an indicator is posted on the operator display. Messages addressed to other
NTs are discarded.
As terminals log into and out of the network, the NCT transmits updates to all NTs. In this way, an address list
is maintained at each NT letting the operator know the NTs to whom he can send messages. When the
operator selects an NT as a destination which has become disconnected from the network, he will be warned
upon sending the message that delivery may not be possible. If the destination is later logged out of the
network without accepting delivery of the message, the operator will be notified of the failure to deliver the
message. All Text Orderwire messages have assured delivery in the sense that either messages are
delivered, or the initiator is notified when it is determined that the delivery cannot be made.
As a message is received at the node, the server immediately enters a copy of that message into an archive
file. New archive files are created each time the operator launches the software or when the current archive
file reaches a software-defined maximum (currently 5 MB). The server also relays the received messages to
all clients connected to the server. The client keeps up to 100 forwarded messages in a first-in-first-out
manner. The operator can view and reply to the received messages on a text orderwire screen. The archive
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files saved on the server are also viewable on demand. Any text message being viewed can be printed from
the screen to a local (dedicated) printer if one is available.
Recalling that each NT is assigned one TDMA slot, and that the number of TDMA slots within the ROW is
equal to the number of NTs recently logged into the network, the time between when a message is queued for
transmission and the time at which it is received at the NCT will vary depending on the network size. Once
received at the NCT, message forwarding through the FOW is essentially immediate. Thus, assuming that a
TDMA slot is three seconds, and that on average an NT must wait one-half a TDMA frame cycle before its slot
occurs, the message delivery delay will be approximately one-half times the number of logged-in network
members times the slot duration (in seconds). For example, if there are 10 NTs logged into the network, the
message delivery delay will average ½ x 10 x 3 = 15 seconds.
2.2.9
Operation of the Secure Voice Orderwire
The Secure Voice service provides an NT operator and the NCT operator with the capability to converse over
a secure voice orderwire circuit. Only the keying material included in the Crypto Ignition Key (CIK) of each of
the STEs (Tactical) at the ends of the circuit, and local security policies, limit the classification of this
transaction. Direct NT-to-NT secure voice orderwire calls are not supported.
The secure voice orderwire capability is normally available at all terminals in the network. When an NT
operator requests a secure voice orderwire connection, the NT equipment transmits a “Request VO” message
over the ROW in its assigned TDMA slot. The NCT immediately responds with a “VO Queued” message and
places the request in a queue. The NCT operator is provided with a list of queued secure voice call requests.
The NCT operator may select any NT for the purpose of setting up a call.
When the NCT operator selects a destination from either the queued call request list or the list of active
terminals, the activation of the secure voice call begins once the auxiliary modem is available. If a ROW Eb/N0
measurement process is currently occurring, the setup of the secure voice circuit will be delayed until the
measurement has completed. Any further use of the auxiliary modem for ROW Eb/N0 measurement will then
be suspended. A “Setup VO” message is sent automatically over the FOW informing the target NT to retune
its control modem to the secure voice frequencies. The modem will retune itself automatically. After a short
delay, the secure phone at each end of the circuit will connect and once the NCT operator picks up the phone,
the NT’s phone will ring.
If at any point the NCT’s PC/Controller or the NT’s PC/Controller determines that there is a problem in setting
up the voice orderwire circuit (i.e., no signal from the other terminal has been received), then the PC/Controller
will reset the modems to their original settings. At an appropriate time the NCT will transmit a “VO Error”
message and/or the NT will transmit a “Notice” message that indicates exactly what went wrong. The terminal
operator will be presented with an alert box on the display indicating the nature of the problem. The operator
should use this information to correct the problem before re-attempting the connection.
Hanging up the phone terminates the call. Within the terminal equipment, hang-up is detected by the
PC/Controller, and after a short delay to allow the secure telephone unit to perform a hang-up protocol, the NT
PC/controller re-tunes its control modem back to the FOW and ROW frequencies for continued participation in
the network. At the NCT, the PC/Controller also detects hang-up and use of the auxiliary modem for Eb/N0
measurement is then restarted. The NCT will transmit a “VO Done” message to inform the other NTs of the
status of the voice orderwire circuit.
An NT PC/Controller can choose to cancel a secure voice call request that is currently queued. This will result
in a “Cancel VO” message being transmitted in the NT's assigned TDMA time slot. The NCT will remove the
NT from the VO queue and send a “VO Remove” message to inform all NTs that the NT no longer has a
request queued. (If the NT operator decides to cancel the request even before the “Request VO” message
has been sent to the NCT (his TDMA time slot has not yet arrived), the request is simply removed from the
transmit message queue at the NT.)
After issuing a setup for the secure voice call, the NCT’s PC/Controller can choose to cancel the setup of a
secure voice call if needed. Once the cancel setup command is issued, the call setup process will be
terminated.
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File Transfer
The file transfer function can be used by a network operator to send a file from one network node to another.
This feature is designed to allow operators to communicate information throughout the network that cannot be
contained within a text orderwire message, which is of very limited size. When an operator sends a file to the
network, the file is segmented into file transfer messages which are delivered using the same underlying
mechanism as text orderwire messages, but at a lower priority. Text orderwire messages may be composed,
sent, and/or received by a node that is in the process of sending a file, and these messages will take
transmission precedence over the file transfer in progress.
For a description of the file transfer operator interface, see section G-1.5.3 (NT) (Sending and Receiving
Files).
2.2.11
Network Control Handover
During network operation, the control of the network (the NCT role) can be handed over to an ANCT. The
NCT or ANCT Operator can initiate a handover as part of a planned network control function, or the ANCT
Operator can initiate it as a recovery attempt from an abnormal network condition (the loss of the FOW signal
from the NCT). Coordination is required between the NCT and receiving ANCT prior to initiation of network
handover.
The ANCT can attempt to Initiate Network Control at any time the network is in NORMAL operating mode and
the ANCT is not in ROW measurement. If the NCT is functioning in the network and receives the request for
control from the ANCT, the NCT Operator will either accept or refuse the request and send the appropriate
response to the ANCT. If the ANCT is not currently receiving communications from the NCT (the FOW has
been lost), the ANCT may assume control of the network without NCT approval via the RFMOW software.
However, the ANCT operator should always acquire approval by some means before attempting to force
takeover of network control, as this could seriously disrupt network activity if done inappropriately.
The NCT operator may also initiate the handover of network control to an ANCT at any time the network is in
NORMAL operating mode and there is an ANCT terminal logged into the network. The ANCT operator is
required to approve this handover request.
Once approval for handover of network control has been given, the network is suspended temporarily to allow
the NCT and ANCT to exchange roles (frequencies, terminal ids, etc.). The NTs in the network are advised of
the change, and the network operation is resumed normally with the new roles.
2.2.12
File Management
Because RFMOW creates several types of log files; server event logs, client event logs, and message logs, it
is important that RFMOW also manage those files to ensure that memory never becomes an issue. Log files
are retained until the operator removes them or if the hard drive is over 80% full. If the machine has less than
20% of hard drive space, RFMOW will attempt to delete as many logs files as possible, oldest first, to reduce
the used space on the machine to 70%. RFMOW displays a warning dialog at 75% disk usage, and another
warning dialog will be displayed if there are no log files to be deleted and the disk usage is still exceeding
80%. These dialogs will continue to be displayed until the operator frees enough space for the disk usage to
fall below 75%. Refer to section G-1.8 (NT) for procedures on how to remove files from the hard drive.
2.2.13
Equipment States
When the equipment is first started it will be in the IDLE State. In this state, the operator must enter basic
network and earth terminal configuration data. Once correctly entered, the equipment will transition to the
STANDBY state. From this state, the operator can then establish the network (NCT) or log into the network
(NT). Once the network is established, or the terminal has logged into the network, the equipment will
transition to the OPERATE state. In this state, all orderwire services are available.
Should an NT lose the FOW transmission or the NCT fail to receive ROW transmissions from an NT for one
(1) minute and two (2) consecutive TDMA frames, the NT will enter the DISCONNECT State. In this state,
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operations are limited until the problem has been corrected. If the problem is corrected within approximately
15 minutes, the NT will automatically re-join the network and return to OPERATE state. If the FOW has been
restored, but the NT has not yet been able to re-join the network, and the NT detects that an Access window is
being opened, the NT will revert to STANDBY state to attempt to re-log in. This will help to ensure that the NT
is able to re-enter the network as quickly as possible. If the NT is unable to re-join within approximately 15
minutes, the NT will be automatically logged out of the network and returned to STANDBY state, and the NT
operator must wait for an Access window to perform a normal log in to re-enter the network.
When the network is terminated by the (NCT) or an NT logs out of the network, the equipment will return to the
STANDBY State. From this state the operator can either shut down the equipment, or re-establish (NCT) or
re-log into (NT) the network.
When the NCT suspends the network for a frequency shift, key management or other reason, the equipment
will transfer to the HOLD state
2.3
EQUIPMENT THEORY OF OPERATION
The RFMOW acts as a data-switching and control device between various peripherals to include the Interface
Unit (IU), controller computer, satellite modem, secure voice unit, or other devices. Switching is controlled by
software that is installed on a controller computer.
2.3.1
Device Control
The J5 connector on the rear of the Interface Unit (see Figure 1-21) is the Controller Interface. The controller
computer utilizes the J4 port on the Interface Unit to control the modem within the RFMOW enclosure. The
Interface Unit acts as a RS-232 to RS-485 converter for the purpose of controlling external devices.
2.3.2
“A / B” Switch Operation
In the NT mode of operation, it is necessary to control the Interface Unit (IU) to switch between the voice and
data paths. In order to control the “A / B” switch on the IU, the computer communications port (COM2) must
be connected to J4. To switch from data to voice mode, the computer asserts the DTR line of the
communications port. De-asserting DTR returns the IU to data mode. This functionality is handled
automatically using the RFMOW software as described in TM 11-5895-1780-13 Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire (RFMOW).
2.3.3
Sonalert Operation
When a message is received from the NCT, the sonalert is enabled. The IU can accomplish this with the help
of software control. As in the case with “A / B” switch operation, a communications port on the controller
computer needs to be connected to J4 of the IU. Asserting the RTS pin on the communications port enables
the IU’s sonalert. De-asserting the RTS pin turns the sonalert off. This is handled automatically using the
RFMOW software.
2.3.4
Data Communications
Data communications occurs through the use of terminal software that utilizes a communications port on the
controller computer. This is done by connecting J6 on the IU to one of the controller computer’s
communications ports (COM1). For data communications to occur in the NT mode of operation, DTR must not
be asserted.
2.3.5
Voice Communications
Voice communication occurs by connecting a Secure Telephone device (STE) to J1 on the front or back of the
IU. If the system is in NT mode, DTR must be asserted in order for the IU to select the voice path on the “A /
B” switch.
Secure Telephone devices include built-in COMSEC so additional crypto devices are not necessary.
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Enable Auto TX Off Switch on Interface Unit
The “Auto TX off” switch is a proprietary feature and must be disabled during normal operation. When facing
the unit, reach underneath the right hand side of the Interface Unit. With your fingers on the back panel of the
IU, locate the Auto TX Off switch, which will be on the upper right hand corner of the units chassis. There are
two small dipswitches located here. Move the lower dipswitch to the right. (To disable the setting.)
2.4
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
The RFMOW user interface is through the computer. The controls and indicators are illustrated in Figures 2-6
and 2-7 and described in Tables 2-4 and 2-5.
2.4.1
SDM-300A Controls and Indicators
1
3
4
7
8
2
5
6
10
9
Figure 2-6 Modem Controls and Indicators
Table 2-4 Modem Controls and Indicators
ITEM
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INDICATOR
DESCRIPTION
1
Transmit (Yellow)
A transmit function is in an alarm condition.
2
Receive (Yellow)
A receive function is in an alarm condition.
3
Transmit (Red)
A fault condition exists in the transmit chain.
4
Receive (Red)
A fault condition exists in the receive chain.
5
Common (Red)
6
Stored (Yellow)
7
Power On (Green)
8
Transmitter On (Green)
9
Carrier Detect (Green)
A common equipment fault condition exists.
A fault has been logged and stored.
The fault may or may not be active.
Power is applied to the modem.
Transmitter is currently on.
This indicator reflects the actual condition of the transmitter, as
opposed to the programmed condition.
Decoder is locked.
10
Test Mode (Yellow)
Flashes when the modem is in a test configuration.
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2.4.2 Interface Unit Controls and Indicators
1
2
3
4
5
6
Figure 2-7 Interface Unit Controls and Indicators
Table 2-5 Interface Unit Controls and Indicators
ITEM
INDICATOR
DESCRIPTION
1
Equipment Control RCV and XMT Status LEDs
Displays Modem Remote Control RCV/XMT Activity
2
Voice Unit RCV and XMT Status LEDs
Displays Voice Unit RCV/XMT Data Activity
3
NT and NCT Mode LEDs
Displays current setting of NT/NCT Dip Switch
4
Data Status LED
On when “Data” mode is Active
5
SVU Status LED
6
Power On Status LED
On when “SVU” mode is Active
On when IU power is on and +12V, -12V, +5V Levels
are good
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EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
The NT equipment consists of the following major hardware items:
1. Enclosure Panel and Patch Panel – Provides interface for RFMOW PC to RS-485 BUS (Remote
Control of Terminal Equipment). It also provides interface for RFMOW PC to RS-232 Port Interface. It
also provides interface for SDM-300A Transmit and Receive IF to the Combiner/Divider Panel.
Provides interface for Ethernet input from the Signal Entrance Panel.
2. Modem – The satellite modem used in the RFMOW system can be an SDM-100, SDM-300A, or SLM8650 modem each manufactured by EFData Corporation. The modem’s RS-422 data port and RS485 Remote M&C port both connect to the Interface Unit. Use of other modems requires precoordination with Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) to ensure appropriate software drivers
are available. Additional documentation describing the operation of these modems is published by
EFData Corporation and can be found in manuals entitled “SDM-100 Satellite Modem Installation and
Operation Manual”, “SDM-300A Satellite Modem Installation and Operation Manual”, and “SLM-8650
Satellite Modem Installation and Operation Manual”.
3. PC/Controller – Is the Primary Operator Interface and overall equipment controller. PC runs the
RFMOW software (Server/Client). Note: Also runs CMA Software, RFMOW Power Balance and
Alignment, also stores documentation, etc.
4. Power Distribution Panel – Main power supply for the RFMOW.
5. Monitor Clamp Panel – The clamp holds the monitor in place while in use.
6. Keyboard/Video/Mouse (KVM) – User Interface for the PC Controller.
7. Interface Unit (IU) – The RFMOW Interface Unit consists of a 19-inch rack mountable enclosure
housing two logic level converters, a data switch, power supply, and the KIV-7. The KIV-7 resides
within the enclosure; however, it is not procured as a part of the Interface Unit. The purpose of the
Interface Unit is to provide housing for the KIV-7, provide protocol conversion, and to provide a
convenient point for connecting the various hardware elements.
The Interface Unit supports both MMT-1500 STU III and STE (Tactical) secure phones. The Interface
Unit is able to detect which of the two secure phones is currently connected to the system, and will
provide appropriate signaling to the secure voice unit. Within the Interface Unit, two logic level
converters change the RS-232C signals coming from the PC/Controller into the RS-485 signals
required to interface with the satellite modems’ Remote Maintenance and Control (M&C) ports. The
KIV-7 converts the RS-232C data signals to RS-422 signals required to interface with the satellite
modems’ data ports. Refer to the Interface Unit Hardware Reference Manual (Appendix D) for
additional information on the Interface Unit. The specific interface connections on the RFMOW
Interface Unit are:
The Secure Voice Unit port (J1), an RS-232C synchronous interface for the Secure Voice Unit (MMT1500 or STE (Tactical)).
The Control Modem Data port (J2), an RS-422 port that connects to the control modem’s data port.
The Auxiliary Modem Data port (J3), an RS-422 port that connects to the auxiliary modem’s data port
in an NCT configuration.
The Controller Modem Remote Control port (J4), an RS-232C interface that connects to a Computer
serial port.
The Remote Control port (J5), an RS-485 port that connects to both the control and auxiliary satellite
modems’ Remote M&C port(s), and (on an NCT/ANCT) to the control and auxiliary frequency down
converters.
The Controller Modem Data port (J6), an RS-232C interface that connects the Computer’s other serial
port.
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The Secure Voice Unit ports are on both the front and rear panel of the Interface Unit. All other ports
are on the rear panel only.
8. TRANSEC Device (KIV-7HSB) – The TRANSEC function is implemented with a low or high-speed
version of the Embeddable KG-84 Communication Security (COMSEC) Module (KIV-7). (NOTE: The
OCs must use the KIV-7HSB model.) The TRANSEC device is used to control and maintain access to
the network. The KIV-7 does not provide text message security in the RFMOW. Accordingly, all
operator text messages exchanged over the control channel must be UNCLASSIFIED.
The KIV-7 is physically mounted within the Interface Unit and connected to level converters internal to
the Interface Unit. Additional documentation describing the operation of the KIV-7 is published by
Mykotronx, Inc. and is entitled “Embeddable KG-84 COMSEC Module (KIV-7) User’s Manual”, and is
classified FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY.
9. Secure Voice Unit (STE (Tactical)) – The Secure Vioce Unit, STE, provides the NT operator with the
ability to communicate in a secure voice mode. The secure voice unit interfaces to the Interface Unit
through a serial RS-232C synchronous connection. The keying material installed in each of the
secure voice units, and local policy, limits the classification of allowed traffic. Additional information on
the STE, see the “STE USERS MANUAL, L-3 Communications”, control number K00000187.
10. Frequency Converters – As shown in Figures 2-7, the NT configuration requires one Up Converter and
one Down Converter. The RFMOW system supports the following models of converters for use at the
The NTs may use any converters currently installed in the terminal. Additional documentation
describing the operation of the CV-4352 Up Converter and CV-4353 Down Converter can be found in
TM 11-5895-1684-13 (85) and TM 11-5895-1685-13 (93).
IF Out
Communications
Modem
IF In
+
Up Converter
Interface Unit
Down Converter
Secure Voice Unit
A/B
Data
IF Out
Control Modem
(E FData SDM-300A )
PC/Controller
TRANSEC
Device
(KIV-7)
IF In
Control
RFMOW Client/Server
Application
Figure 2-8 RFMOW Functional Block Diagram
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EQUIPMENT POWER-UP
WARNING
Ensure that all power connections are properly insulated, clean, and
mechanically secure to prevent personnel injury when the RFMOW is powered
up and operated. When the RFMOW power cables are installed, carefully
inspect all connectors and wiring for worn or broken parts. Make any necessary
repairs before powering up the RFMOW. If any cable or connector damage is
discovered while the RFMOW is operating, the RFMOW should be powered
down and the damage repaired immediately.
Perform the following procedure to power up the RFMOW:
a. Ensure that power is connected to the top of the RFMOW enclosure at the Power Input
receptacle.
b. Ensure the Interface Unit power switch is in the OFF position.
c. Switch the Power Distribution Panel (Figure 1-16 on page 1-18) into the ON position.
d. Open the computer front panel using the two thumbscrews and push the Power button to turn on
the computer (Figure 1-13 on page 1-15).
e. Close the Computer Front Panel.
f. Switch the Interface Unit power switch (Figure 1-21 on page 1-23) to the ON position.
g. Deploy the KVM keyboard and monitor out by unscrewing the thumbscrews and pulling each
drawer out. (Note: the keyboard will latch in position when pulled out)
h. Flip the display screen in the up position and attach the Monitor Clamp to the display panel to
secure it in the upright position.
i. Push the power button on the display panel (Figure 1-19 on page 1-21).
j. Ensure that the fans and modem are operating.
k. Refer to TM 11-5895-1780-13 for procedures on installing and operating the RFMOW software
suite.
2.7
EQUIPMENT POWER-DOWN
Perform the following procedure to power-down the RFMOW:
a. Press the Power button on the display panel to turn off the KVM.
b. Remove the Monitor clamp, press in the slide releases, and stow the KVM by closing each drawer
and securing the thumbscrews.
c. Close all computer programs including the operating system.
d. Open the Computer Front Panel using the thumbscrews and push the Power button to turn off the
computer.
e. Close the Computer Front Panel.
f. Switch the Interface Unit Power switch to the OFF position.
g. Switch the Power Distribution Panel into the OFF position.
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NT INSTALLATION, CONFIGURATION, AND CHECKOUT
2.8.1
Equipment List
A RFMOW NT terminal consists of the equipment listed in Table 2-6.
TABLE 2-6 NT RFMOW Terminal Equipment List
QUANTITY
1
DESCRIPTION
1 (optional)
Personal computer (laptop) with at least a Celeron 600 MHz CPU, 256 MB RAM and 1
MB video RAM, 4.5 GB Hard drive, CD-ROM drive, keyboard, color SVGA monitor, two
(2) unused serial ports for AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1 or AN/TSC-152
AND AN/USC-59 terminals, three (3) for 85/93D terminals and Windows 2000.
Printer
1
RFMOW installation disk
1
1
Satellite modem, which can be an EFData SDM-100, an SDM-300A, or an SLM-8650.
The SLM-8650 is located in the AN/TSC-152 AND AN/USC-59 (NT) only.
Digital telephone or STE (Tactical)
1
Interface Unit
1
KIV-7 crypto device
1
1
Cable for connecting the MMT-1500’s or STE (Tactical) BDI port to the Interface Unit’s
Secure Voice Unit port.
Cable for connecting one PC/Controller serial port to the Interface Unit’s Controller
Modem Remote Control port.
Cable for connecting the other PC/Controller serial port to the Interface Unit’s
Controller Modem Data port.
Cable to connect the modems’ data ports to the Control Modem Data port of the
Interface Unit
Cable to connect the control modem’s Remote M&C port to the Interface Unit’s Modem
Remote Control port.
Cable for connecting the modem I/F output to the alignment panel combiner.
1
Cable for connecting the modem I/F input from the alignment panel divider.
1
1
1
1
2.8.2
Installation Procedures
Specific placement of the equipment will depend upon space availability constraints for each terminal type and
layout. In general, the modem and Interface Unit should be installed in an appropriate rack assembly and the
Secure Voice Unit and PC/Controller placed in a location convenient to the operator. See individual
equipment manuals for specific equipment installation instructions. Once the equipment has been installed,
the equipment must be connected as shown in Figure 2-9.
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U/C
D/C
IF COMBINER
RF DIVIDER
RFMOW MODEM
*
COM MDM
**
J5
J2
IU
J3
J1
SVU
TEST PATTERN
J4
J6
COMM MDM
CONTROL
DATA
PC
Modem Legend
* - J6 on SDM-100/300A
- J2 on SLM-8650
** - J8 on SDM-100
- Data I/O on SDM-300A
- J5 on SLM-8650
RIU Legend
J1 – Secure Voice Unit
J2 – Control Modem Data
J3 – Auxiliary Modem Data
J4 – Controller
J5 – Modem Control
J6 – Modem Data
Figure 2-9 NT Equipment Connections
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Chapter 2
Equipment Configuration
Prior to operating the NT, the terminal equipment must be configured.
procedures are outlined in the following steps:
The equipment configuration
a. If PCMCIA cards are to be used, they should be configured with the software drivers provided by the
PCMCIA hardware manufacturer.
b. Configure the Control Modem as specified in Appendix E
c.
Configure the KIV-7 as specified in Appendix E.
d. Configure the STE (Tactical) as specified in Appendix E.
e. Perform the RFMOW Software Installation as specified in paragraph 2.8 (RFMOW Software
Installation). If an older version of RFMOW software exists, follow the procedures specified in
paragraph 2.8 (RFMOW Software Un-Installation to un-install the older version).
f.
2.8.4
Perform the Power Balancing/Alignment as specified in Appendix F.
Equipment Checkout Procedures
Refer to the terminal TM for associated equipment checkout procedures.
2.8.5
RFMOW Software Installation
2.8.5.1
Un-Zip Procedures:
a. Create a “New Folder” on the Desktop
b. As shown in Figure 2-10, double-click the “RFMOW ver 1.3.exe” icon.
Figure 2-10 RFMOW Executable File
c.
2-20
As show in Figure 2-11, Click on the “Browse” button and select the “New folder” from the Desktop to
Unzip the contents to that location. Click “OK”.
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Figure 2-11 RFMOW Software Unzip File Path
d. Click “Unzip”. Once the files unzip a pop-up that reads “33 File(s) unzipped successfully” will display.
Click “OK”
e. Close the Win-Zip Self Extractor.
2.8.5.2
Install RFMOW Software as follows:
a. Open “New Folder” located on the Desktop.
b. Double-click the “setup.exe” file to run the Install Shield Wizard.
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As shown in figure 2-12, follow the Installation Wizard allowing the default locations to be created. (By
clicking “Next” without changing the settings.
Figure 2-12 InstallShield Wizard for RFMOW
d. After the Wizard Installs the necessary files to the PC/Controller the operator will be prompted to
select a terminal type to be installed. “NT with SDM-100/300 modem” MUST be selected (As shown in
Figure 2-13) in order for the software to execute correctly. If any other selection is made from this
screen the software will NOT pass the “Hardware Check” during the initial setup of the RFMOW.
Figure 2-13 Terminal Setup Type
e. Click “Finish” once the installation is complete. Click “OK” on the pop-up that states a restart is
required for the installation to be complete.
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2.8.6
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Delete the “New Folder” that was created on the Desktop for installation purposes.
RFMOW Software Un-Installation
Perform RFMOW Software un-installation as follows:
a. As shown in Figure 2-12, click on the Start button located in bottom portion of the Microsoft Windows
Desktop. Go to Settings option and click on the Control Panel option.
Figure 2-14 Control Panel Location
b. As shown in Figure 2-13, in the “Control Panel” window pop-up, click on the Add/Remove Programs
option.
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Figure 2-15 Add/Remove Programs Location
c.
As shown in Figure 2-14, in the “Add/Remove Programs” window pop-up, select RFMOW option and
click on the Change/Remove button.
Figure 2-16 RFMOW Un-Installation Selection
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d. From the “Confirm File deletion” window pop-up, click on the Yes button to proceed with RFMOW
software un-installation.
e. From the “Remove Programs from your Computer” window pop-up, click on the OK button to finish
RFMOW software un-installation.
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CHAPTER 3
TROUBLESHOOTING
3.1
INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides the following information for the RFMOW:
•
•
•
3.2
Troubleshooting
Connector Pin Outs
Schematics
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
Proper grounding is an important safety feature, and must be a primary consideration in all electrical and
electronic equipment installations. Ensure that all grounding connections are secure and that all grounding
cables are kept out of vehicle and personnel paths.
WARNING
Use extreme care when working around electrical equipment to avoid the possibility of severe or fatal electrical
shock. Remove all jewelry (i.e. rings, necklaces, etc.) before working with the RFMOW.
WARNING
Ensure that all power connections are properly insulated, clean, and mechanically secure to prevent personnel
injury when the RFMOW is powered up and operated. When the RFMOW power cables are installed,
carefully inspect all connectors and wiring for worn or broken parts. Make any necessary repairs before
powering up the RFMOW. If any cable or connector damage is discovered while the RFMOW is operating, the
RFMOW should be powered down and the damage repaired immediately.
WARNING
Even with covers removed, lethal voltages may still be present inside the RFMOW. Failure to exercise caution
could result in fatal or serious injury to personnel.
WARNING
High voltage, 120 VAC, is present in this equipment. Use extreme caution and ensure that at least two people
are present while performing inspection, test, and maintenance procedures. Failure to comply may result in
fatal or serious injury to personnel.
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WARNING
Ensure that power is removed during the performance of equipment replacement and cleaning procedures.
Do not open equipment enclosures when cleaning. Use of damp cleaning materials can cause shock,
resulting in fatal or serious injury to personnel.
WARNING
Hazardous voltages are present. Use care when measuring for voltage. Failure to do so can result in fatal or
serious injury to personnel.
CAUTION
This equipment contains static-sensitive devices. Always follow ESD handling procedures when working on
this equipment.
Table 3-1 Troubleshooting
COMPONENT
Fan Panel
PROBLEM
Fans do not power
on
PROBABLE CAUSE
1. Interface Unit is not turned
on.
2. Cable is not plugged in or
not plugged in properly.
Computer
No Power
1. Problem with KVM.
Power
Distribution
Panel
Screen goes blank
after windows startup screen
No Power
2. Power cable is not properly
seated.
1. Wrong display mode.
2. Old video driver
1. Circuit breaker is tripped.
2. Power cable is not properly
seating.
KVM
Monitor won’t turn
on
Distorted Image
3-2
1. Power may not be turned on.
2. Power cable may not be
properly seated.
3. Computer may not be turned
on.
1. Wrong clock frequencies.
Keyboard and
Mouse do not work
1. Connectors may not be
plugged in, in correct location,
or properly seated.
Screen goes blank
after Windows
start-up Screen.
1. Wrong display mode.
2. Old video driver
MAINTENANCE TASK
1. Make sure Interface Unit power is
turned on.
2. Check Fan Panel Cable R2090004 for proper connector position
and seating.
1. Check if power light is on. If light
is on, go to KVM troubleshooting.
2. Check power cable for proper
seating.
1. Press CTRL-ALT-F1 on the
keyboard.
2. Update computer video driver.
1. Check circuit breaker next to
power switch. If breaker is tripped,
check power cable for frays or
shorts.
2. If Power switch does not light up,
check power cable for proper
seating.
1. Check if Power distribution panel
is turned on.
2. Check power cable for proper
seating.
3. Turn on computer.
1. Press the EXIT button to do an
Auto Adjust.
1. Check the keyboard and mouse
connectors on the back of the KVM
and the computer for proper location
and seating.
1. Press CTRL-ALT-F1 on the
keyboard.
2. Update computer video driver.
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Table 3-1 Troubleshooting
COMPONENT
KVM
Interface Unit
PROBLEM
Mouse Cursor
Jittering
No Power
Power LED is off,
but other LEDs are
on.
SVU light is not
functioning.
Data won’t send
DATA light is not
functioning
NCT light is on
IU beeps and cuts
off transmit
channel after 1
minute.
VOICE UNIT
RCV/XMT lights
are not functioning
EQUIP CONTROL
RCV/XMT lights
RFMOW
Software
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SONIC ALERT
does not operate
Control Port Error
Message
Auxiliary Port Error
Message
Data Port Error
Message
RFMOW Server
Application will not
run
RFMOW Client
Application will not
run
PROBABLE CAUSE
1. Power switch is off.
2. Power distribution panel is
off.
3. Power cable is not properly
seated.
1. Missing necessary voltage.
1. SVU Cable is not properly
seated.
2. Controller cable is not
properly seated.
1. Cables are not properly
seated or are in the wrong
location.
2. KIV is not installed or
operating properly.
1. Cable is not properly seated.
1. Dip Switch set to NCT mode.
1. Enable Auto XMT Off Switch
is turned on.
1. SVU light is not functioning.
2. Cables are not properly
seated or are in the wrong
location.
1. Loose or disconnected J4
Cable
2. Loose or disconnected J5
Cable
1. Loose or disconnected J4
Cable
MAINTENANCE TASK
Refer to Flow Chart A-7.
1. Make sure the power switch is
turned on.
2. Make sure the power distribution
panel is turned on.
3. Make sure the power cable is
properly seated.
1. The power LED is an indicator
light for the voltage comparator
circuits. If this light is not on then a
necessary voltage for proper
operation is missing. The IU will
need to be sent in for repairs.
1. Check cable connections at J1
for proper seating.
2. Check J4 cable connections.
1. Check cables for proper location
and seating.
2. Make sure KIV is installed and
operating properly.
1. Check cable connections at J4
for proper seating.
1. Change NCT/NT dipswitch on
back of Interface Unit to NT mode.
1. Set “Enable Auto XMT” Off
Switch to the disable position.
1. Check if SVU light is on. If light
is off, go to ‘SVU light not
functioning’
2. Check cable connections at J1
and J2 for proper seating.
1. Check J4 Cable
2. Check J5 Cable
1. Check J4 Cable
Refer to Flow Chart A-4.
Refer to Flow Chart A-5.
Refer to Flow Chart A-6.
Refer to Flow Chart A-1.
Refer to Flow Chart A-2.
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Table 3-1 Troubleshooting
COMPONENT
RFMOW
Software
Network Entry
PROBLEM
RFMOW Client
Application does
not attach to
RFMOW Server
Application
FOW not on the
satellite
No “Carrier Detect”
Getting “Carrier
Detect” but not
receiving Bulletin
Board Messages
ROW not on the
satellite
ROW is on the
satellite
Server
Disconnect
State
Server
Logged Out
Text
Messaging
Secure Voice
3-4
NT put into
disconnect state
NT is forced out of
the network
Transmitted
Messages do not
appear in the
transmit window
Transmitted
Messages appear
in the transmit
window, but no
response is
received
RFMOW Client
Application reflects
voice setup, but
STE does not ring
PROBABLE CAUSE
MAINTENANCE TASK
Refer to Flow Chart A-3.
NCT Problem.
Refer to Flow Chart B-1.1 and B-1.2.
Refer to Flow Chart B-2.
Refer to Flow Chart B-3.1 and B-3.2.
1. Verify output of Up Converter for
carrier at correct offset.
2. Observe Event Log for excessive
power corrections during login.
Refer to Flow Chart C-1.
Refer to Flow Chart C-2.
Refer to Flow Chart D-1.
Refer to Flow Chart D-2.
Refer to Flow Chart E-1.
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
On RFMOW Computer
Desktop, Click on
“START” Button
START
No
Is the “RFMOW”
Option Found?
Yes
Select “RFMOW” Option and
look for “RFMOW Server”
Option in the next pop-up
window.
No
Is the “RFMOW
Server” Option
Found?
Yes
Click on “RFMOW Server”
Option. If the RFMOW
Server still does not start,
contact PM for assistance.
STOP
Contact PM for
assistance.
STOP
Contact PM for
assistance.
In the next Pop-Up
Window, look for
“RFMOW” Option
In the Pop-up Window,
Select “Programs” Option
Flowchart A-1 RFMOW Server Application will not run
REV 01
3-5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
On RFMOW Computer
Desktop, Click on
“START” Button
START
In the Pop-up Window,
Select “Programs” Option
No
Is the “RFMOW”
Option Found?
Yes
Select “RFMOW” Option and
look for “RFMOW Client”
Option in the next pop-up
window.
No
Is the “RFMOW
Client” Option
Found?
Yes
Click on “RFMOW Client”
Option. If the RFMOW Client
still does not start, contact
PM for assistance.
STOP
Contact PM for
assistance.
STOP
Contact PM for
assistance.
In the next Pop-Up
Window, look for
“RFMOW” Option
Flowchart A-2 RFMOW Client Application will not run
3-6
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Is the RFMOW Server
Application running on the
same computer as the
RFMOw Client Application?
START
Locate computer on which
the RFMOW Server
Application is running and
identify that computer's IP
Address.
No
To identify the IP Address,
right-click on “My network
places” Icon on the RFMOW
Desktop and select
“Properties” Option. In new
window, right-click on “Local
Area Connection” Option, or
equivalent, and select
“Properties” Option.
Same
Computer?
Verify that a Server Name
has been selected from the
list of the available Servers
and attempt to attach the
RFMOW Client.
Yes
STOP
Continue with
normal
Operations
Client Attached
Successfully?
Yes
No
In new window, select
“Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Option and click on
“Properties” Option. The IP
Address will be shown in the
“IP Address” Field.
Use the located IP Address
in the “Server Name” Field
when attempting to attach an
RFMOW Client.
STOP
Continue with
normal
Operations
STOP
Yes
Client Attached
Successfully?
No
Contact PM for
assistance
Flowchart A-3 RFMOW Client Application does not attach to RFMOW Server Application
REV 01
3-7
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Is the IU (Appendix E) and the
KIV-7 (Appendix E) turned ON
and configured as specified in
applicable appendices?
START
STOP
Configure KIV-7 and IU as
specified and restart
RFMOW Server and Client
applications and try again.
No
IU and KIV-7
Configured?
STOP
Configure RFMOW Control
Modem and restart RFMOW
Server and Client
applications and try again.
Is the RFMOW Control
Modem turned ON and
properly configured as
specified in Appendix E?
Yes
Identify if the system is an NT or an
NCT and refer to pg. 3-44 in the TM to
visually inspect cable connections and
cable pin-outs between RFMOW
Computer, IU, and the Control Modem.
Refer to Section 3.3 for cable pin-outs.
No
Modem
Configured?
No
Cables and pinouts verified?
Yes
Replace RFMOW Control
Modem. Restart RFMOW
Computer and RFMOW Server
and Client Applications and try
again.
No
Still seeing
“Control Port”
Error?
Yes
Replace RFMOW Computer
and restart RFMOW Server and
Client Applications and try
again.
No
Still seeing
“Control Port”
Error?
Yes
STOP
If loose cables are found,
reconnect cables and restart
RFMOW Server and Client
applications and try again. If
incorrect pin-outs are
identified, contact PM for
assistance.
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
STOP
Contact PM for
assistance
Flowchart A-4 Control Port Error Message
3-8
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Is the IU (Appendix E) and the
KIV-7 (Appendix E) turned ON
and configured as specified in
applicable appendices?
START
STOP
Configure KIV-7 and IU as
specified and restart
RFMOW Server and Client
applications and try again.
No
IU and KIV-7
Configured?
Yes
STOP
Configure RFMOW Auxiliary
Modem and restart RFMOW
Server and Client
applications and try again.
No
Modem
Configured?
No
Cables and pinouts verified?
Yes
Is the RFMOW Auxiliary
Modem turned ON and
properly configured as
specified in Appendix E?
Refer to Page 3-44 in the TM to
visually inspect cable connections and
cable pin-outs between RFMOW
Computer, IU, and the Auxiliary
Modem. Refer to Section 3.3 for cable
pin-outs.
STOP
If loose cables are found,
reconnect cables and restart
RFMOW Server and Client
applications and try again. If
incorrect pin-outs are
identified, contact PM for
assistance.
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
No
Still seeing
“Auxiliary Port”
Error?
No
Still seeing
“Auxiliary Port”
Error?
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
Yes
Replace RFMOW Auxiliary
Modem. Restart RFMOW
Computer and RFMOW Server
and Client Applications and try
again.
Yes
Replace RFMOW Computer
and restart RFMOW Server and
Client Applications and try
again.
STOP
Contact PM for
assistance
Flowchart A-5 Auxiliary Port Error Message
REV 01
3-9
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
START
STOP
Refer to Flowchart
A-4 for further
troubleshooting
Was “Control Port” error
message observed during
RFMOW Client Application
start-up?
Yes
Is the IU (Appendix E) and the
KIV-7 (Appendix E) turned ON
and configured as specified in
applicable appendices?
No
STOP
Configure KIV-7 and IU as
specified and restart
RFMOW Server and Client
applications and try again.
No
IU and KIV-7
Configured?
Yes
Is the RFMOW Modem(s)
turned ON and properly
configured as specified in
Appendix E?
Yes
Identify if the system is an NT or
an NCT and refer to Page 3-44 in
the TM to visually inspect cable
connections and cable pin-outs
between RFMOW Computer, IU,
and the Modem(s). Refer Section
3.3 for cable pin-outs.
STOP
Configure Modem(s) and
restart RFMOW Server and
Client applications and try
again.
No
Modem(s)
Configured?
STOP
STOP
If loose cables are found,
reconnect cables and restart
RFMOW Server and Client
applications and try again. If
incorrect pin-outs are
identified, contact PM for
assistance.
If cable connections, cable
pin-outs, and equipment
configuration has been
verified but still seeing
“Data Port” Error
message, contact PM for
assistance.
No
Cables and pinouts verified?
Yes
Flowchart A-6 Data Port Error Message
3-10
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Shut down RFMOW
Computer
START
Turn KIV-7 Key into
OFF (Vertical) position
Restart RFMOW
Computer and wait for
the login process to
finish.
Turn KIV-7 Key into
ON (Horizontal)
position
STOP
Continue with
normal Operations.
STOP
No
Does the Mouse
Pointer still jitter?
Yes
Contact PM for
assistance.
Flowchart A-7 Mouse Pointer Jittering
REV 01
3-11
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Verify satellite spectrum. If so
equipped, use spectrum analyzer
to verify antenna pointing. If not
equipped, utilize communication
equipment receive indicators.
START
STOP
Track on satellite and
attempt operation
again.
Is the Antenna pointing
to the satellite?
No
Yes
Verify receive cabling
through Combiner/
Divider
STOP
No
Re-do Cabling
Yes
Verify frequencies
on “Detail
Configuration”
screen
STOP
No
Restart Software
Yes
STOP
No
Reprogram Down
Converter
Verify Down Converter
frequency
Yes
Verify correct offset at SDM-300A
STOP
No
Restart Software
1. Subtract the FOW receive frequency from the
down converter frequency and add the result to
70 MHz.
2. Verify that control modem demodulator has
same IF frequency
Yes
STOP
Refer to Flowchart
B-1.2
STOP
No
Check for SDM-300A
Faults
Yes
Repair or replace
SDM-300A
Flowchart B-1.1 FOW on the Satellite: NT no “Carrier Detect”
3-12
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
STOP
Verify Down Converter settings
START
No
Reprogram Down
Converter
Yes
STOP
No
Swap Down Converter
Verify signal at the
output of the Down
Converter
Yes
STOP
Replace Cable
between Down
Converter and
Combiner/Divider
Verify input to
Combiner/Divider
No
Yes
STOP
Replace Combiner/
Divider
Verify output from
Combiner/Divider
No
STOP
Repair or replace
SDM-300A
Yes
STOP
Replace cable
between Bulkhead and
Combiner/Divider
No
Verify output to roadside
Bulkhead Cable Panel
Yes
Verify input to curbside
Bulkhead Cable Panel
No
Yes
STOP
Replace cable
between Patch Panel
and Bulkhead
No
Verify output at RFMOW
Patch Panel “RX IF”
Yes
STOP
Contact PM for
Assistance
Flowchart B-1.2 FOW on the Satellite: NT no “Carrier Detect”
REV 01
3-13
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Verify KIV-7
Configuration
START
STOP
No
Restrap KIV-7
Yes
STOP
No
Verify COMSEC
Reload valid COMSEC
Yes
Verify correct offset at SDM-300A
1. Subtract the FOW receive frequency from the
down converter frequency and add the result to
70 MHz.
2. Verify that control modem demodulator has
same IF frequency
STOP
No
Restart Software
Yes
STOP
Contact PM for further
assistance
Flowchart B-2 FOW on the Satellite: “Carrier Detect”: No Bulletin Board Messages
3-14
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
STOP
Check that “Network:
Login” was attempted
START
Yes
Check attenuation
settings
No
Set attenuation per
Power Balance
Yes
No
STOP
STOP
Check Up Converter
status and frequency
Attempt “Network:
Login”
No
Reconfigure Up
Converter
Yes
STOP
Repair or Replace
DCSCU
STOP
No
Check Terminal
Tracking
Yes
Check the HPA status
No
Yes
Verify Control Modem “XMTR
ON” Indicator is illuminated
during access window and
verify TPO at HPA during
Transmit
Yes
Repair or Replace
HPA
Yes
STOP
Place load into
antenna, not dummyload
No
Verify HPA load is
going to dish not to
dummy-load
STOP
Refer to Flowchart
B-3.2
No
STOP
Contact PM for further
assistance
Yes
Verify “<1\RF_ON”
command present in the
Event Log during
access window
No
STOP
Restart Software
Flowchart B-3.1 ROW not on the Satellite
REV 01
3-15
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Verify output of signal at
RFMOW Enclosure Panel
“TX IF”
START
STOP
No
Replace SDM-300A
Yes
STOP
Replace cable between
RFMOW Enclosure Panel
and RFMOW Patch
Panel
STOP
No
Verify signal leaving
RFMOW Patch Panel
“TX IF”
Yes
Verify signal at the
curbside Bulkhead Cable
Panel
No
Replace cable between
RFMOW Patch Panel and
Bulkhead Cable Panel
Yes
STOP
Replace cable
between Bulkhead and
Combiner/Divider
No
Verify input to the
Combiner/Divider
Yes
Verify input at the
roadside Bulkhead
Cable Panel
STOP
No
Replace Bulkhead
Cable Panel cable
Yes
STOP
STOP
Replace Combiner/
Divider panel
No
Verify output from the
Combiner/Divider
Yes
Verify input to the Up
Converter
No
Replace cable
between Combiner/
Divider and Up
Converter
Yes
STOP
Repair or Replace
HPA
No
Verify output from the
HPA
Yes
Verify output from the
Up Converter
STOP
No
Replace Up Converter
Yes
STOP
Repair or Replace
waveguide
STOP
No
Verify waveguide
between HPA and dish
Yes
Contact PM for further
Assistance
Flowchart B-3.2 ROW not on the Satellite
3-16
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Observe FOW for three polling
cycles.
START
STOP
Refer to Flowchart
B-1
No
Are you receiving the
FOW?
Yes
Verify proper terminal transmit,
receive and tracking settings
STOP
STOP
Contact PM for
assistance
Yes
Correct settings
used?
No
Consult appropriate
Terminal TM for
correct equipment
settings.
Flowchart C-1 NT has Entered into Disconnect State
REV 01
3-17
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Verify terminal transmit operation
START
STOP
Consult
appropriate
Terminal TM for
repair.
No
Transmit operation
verified?
Yes
Observe FOW status in the
RFMOW Client Application.
No
Are you receiving the
FOW?
Yes
Restart RFMOW Server/Client
Applications and re-attempt login.
Yes
Was the login
successful?
STOP
Refer to Flowchart
B-1
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
STOP
No
Contact PM for
assistance.
Flowchart C-2 NT is forced out of the Network
3-18
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
In the RFMOW Client Application,
observe the lower right corner of
the monitor for the Access
Window clock.
START
Is the Access Window
open?
No
From within the RFMOW Client
Application, select Network |
Status | Terminal Option. Verify
that the Terminal page shows the
terminal being logged-in into the
network.
Terminal Logged-in?
Yes
Observe operation for three
cycles to see if the message will
be transmitted.
STOP
Your messages will
only be transmitted
when being polled
by the NCT
Yes
STOP
Restart RFMOW Server/Client
Applications and log-in back
into the RFMOW network.
Once logged-in, attempt to
send a text message. If the
problem persists, contact PM
for assistance.
No
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
STOP
Yes
Was the message
sent?
No
Contact PM for
assistance.
Flowchart D-1 Transmitted Messages to not Appear in the Transmit Window
REV 01
3-19
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
From within the RFMOW Client
Application, observe the network
status for 15 minutes after
message is transmitted.
START
STOP
It will takes 15 minutes from the
time of initial disconnect for the
NT to be disconnected from the
network. When the NT is
disconnected, the NCT will
provide a notification of
undelivered message. This is
normal operation.
No
Is the message
recipient still in the
network?
Yes
Observe network operation for
three cycles to see for a message
response.
Was a response
received?
No
Send a test message to the NCT.
No
Restart RFMOW Computer and
RFMOW Server/Client
Applications and re-join the
network. Retry message
transmission.
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
Yes
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
Yes
Did the NCT
respond?
Yes
Was a response
receive?
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
STOP
No
Contact PM for
assistance
Flowchart D-2 Transmitted Messages Appear in the Transmit Window, but no Response is Received
3-20
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
In the RFMOW Client Application,
observe the lower right corner of
the monitor for the Access
Window clock.
START
Is the Access Window
open?
No
From within the RFMOW Client
Application, select Network |
Status | Terminal Option. Verify
that the Terminal page shows the
terminal being logged-in into the
network.
Terminal Logged-in?
Yes
Observe operation for three
cycles to see if the message will
be transmitted.
STOP
Your messages will
only be transmitted
when being polled
by the NCT
Yes
STOP
Restart RFMOW Server/Client
Applications and log-in back
into the RFMOW network.
Once logged-in, attempt to
send a text message. If the
problem persists, contact PM
for assistance.
No
STOP
Continue with normal
Operations.
STOP
Yes
Was the message
sent?
No
Contact PM for
assistance.
Flowchart E-1 RFMOW Client Application reflects Voice Setup but Secure Voice Phone does not Ring
REV 01
3-21
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
This page left blank intentionally.
3-22
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
CONNECTOR PIN OUTS
3.3.1
Enclosure Panel
Figure 1-8 illustrates the location of external connectors for the 41700-003 Enclosure Panel. Figure 3-1 and
Figure 3-2 illustrate pin outs for these connectors. Connector pin outs are described in Table 3-2 and
Table 3-3.
1
6
5
9
Figure 3-1 RS485 Connector
Table 3-2
RS485 From RFMOW Computer
Connector Pin Out
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
REV 01
Transmit Data B
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Common
Transmit Data A
Not Used
Receive Data B
Receive Data A
3-23
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
5
9
1
6
Figure 3-2 RS232 Connector
Table 3-3
RS232 From RFMOW Computer
Connector Pin Out
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
3-24
Data Carrier Detect (Input)
Receive Data (Input)
Transmit Data (Input)
Data Terminal Ready (Output)
Signal Ground
Data Set Ready (Input)
Request to Send (Output)
Clear to Send (Input)
Not Used
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
3.3.2
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
SDM300A Modem
Figure 1-10 on page 1-12 illustrates the location of external connectors for the SDM300A Modem. Figure 3-3
and Figure 3-4 illustrate pin outs for these connectors. Connector pin outs are described in Table 3-4 and
Table 3-5, respectively.
20
37
1
19
Figure 3-3 37-Pin Connector for SDM-300A Modem
Table 3-4 37-Pin Connector for SDM300A Modem Pin Out
Pin #
Description
1, 19
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
13
16
17
20, 37
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
29
31
34
35
REV 01
Shield
MF
SD-A
ST-A
RD-A
RS-A
RT-A
CS-A
DM-A
RR-A
MC-A
TT-A
SIGGND
DF
SD+B
ST+B
RD+B
RS+B
RT+B
CS+B
DM+B
RR+B
MC+B
TT+B
3-25
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
5
1
9
6
Figure 3-4 Remote Connector (J6) for SDM-300A Modem
Table 3-5 Remote Connector (J6) (EIA-485) Pin
Out
Pin #
2-Wire Description 4-Wire Description
1
2
3
4*
5*
6
7
8*
9*
GND
Not Used
Not Used
+RX/TX
-RX/TX
Not Used
Not Used
+RX/TX
-RX/TX
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
+TX
-TX
Not Used
Not Used
+RX
-RX
* For 2-Wire Operation:
• Only two wires are required
• Tie pins 4 and 8 together (both +)
• Tie pins 5 and 9 together (both -)
3-26
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
3.3.3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Fan Panel
Figure 1-12 on page 1-14 illustrates the location of external connectors for the 41700-001 Fan Panel. Figure
3-5 illustrates pin outs for this connector. Connector pin outs are described in Table 3-6.
5
1
9
6
Figure 3-5 Fan Panel Power Connector (J1)
Table 3-6 Fan Panel Power Connector (J1)
Pin Out
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
REV 01
Not Used
Not Used
Positive Voltage
Positive Voltage
Not Used
Not Used
Ground`
Ground
Not Used
3-27
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
3.3.4
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Computer
Figure 1-15 on page 1-17 illustrates the location of external connectors for the 41700-005 Computer. Figure
3-6 through Figure 3-11 illustrate pin outs for these connectors. Connector pin outs are described in Table 3-7
through Table 3-11, respectively.
6
5
4
3
2
1
Figure 3-6 PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors
Table 3-7 PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors Pin Out
Pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
3-28
Mouse Description
Data
Not Used
Ground
+5 V
Clock
Not Used
Keyboard Description
Data
Not Used
Ground
+5 V
Clock
Not Used
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
1
5
6
10
11
15
Figure 3-7 VGA Serial Port
Table 3-8 VGA Serial Port Pin Out
REV 01
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Red
Green
Blue
Not Used
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Not Used
Ground
Not Used
DDC DAT
Horizontal Synchronization
Vertical Synchronization
DDC Clock
3-29
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
5
1
9
6
Figure 3-8 COM1 and COM2 Serial Ports
Table 3-9 COM1 and COM2 Serial Ports Pin
Out
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
3-30
Data Carrier Detect
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Data Terminal Ready
Ground
Data Set Ready
Request to Send
Clear to Send
Ring Indicator
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
5
1
9
6
Figure 3-9 COM3 RS485 Port
Table 3-10 COM3 RS485 Serial Port Pin Out
REV 01
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Receive Data A (Input)
Transmit Data B (Output)
Transmit Data A (Output)
Not Used
Ground
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Receive Data B (Input)
3-31
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
5
1
9
6
Figure 3-10 COM4 RS232 Port
Table 3-11 COM4 RS232 Serial Port Pin Out
3-32
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Data Carrier Detect (Input)
Receive Data (Input)
Transmit Data (Input)
Data Terminal Ready (Output)
Signal Ground
Data Set Ready (Input)
Request to Send (Output)
Clear to Send (Input)
Not Used
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
3.3.5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse
Figure 1-20 on page 1-22 illustrates the location of external connectors for the 41700-015
Keyboard/Monitor/Mouse. Figure 3-11 and Figure 3-12 illustrate pin outs for these connectors. Connector pin
outs are described in Table 3-12 and Table 3-13, respectively.
1
5
6
10
11
15
Figure 3-11 VGA Serial Port
Table 3-12 VGA Serial Port Pin Out
REV 01
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Red
Green
Blue
Not Used
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Not Used
Ground
Not Used
DDC DAT
Horizontal Synchronization
Vertical Synchronization
DDC Clock
3-33
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
6
5
4
3
2
1
Figure 3-12 PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors
Table 3-13 PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connectors Port Pin Out
Pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
3-34
Mouse Description
Data
Not Used
Ground
+ 5V
Clock
Not Used
Keyboard Description
Data
Not Used
Ground
+ 5V
Clock
Not Used
REV 01
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Chapter 3
3.3.6
Replacement Frequency
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Interface Unit
Figures 1-21 and 1-22 on pages 1-23 and 1-24 illustrate the location of external connectors for the 41700-777
Interface Unit. Figure 3-13 through Figure 3-18 illustrate pin outs for these connectors. Connector pin outs are
described in Table 3-14 through Table 3-19, respectively.
13
1
25
14
Figure 3-13 STU III/STE Telephone Connector (J1)
(Female 25 pin D-Sub)
Table 3-14 Parallel Port Connector (J1) Pin Out
Pin #
Description
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Not Used
RS-232 Data From the STE Phone
RS-232 Data To the STE Phone
+12 V (Not on STU III)
+12 V (Not on STU III)
+12 V (Not on STU III)
Ground
+12 V (Not on STU III)
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Not Used
4800 Hz Clock (Transmit Clock)
Not Used
4800 Hz Clock (Receive Clock)
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
REV 01
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Chapter 3
1
19
20
37
Figure 3-14 Primary and Secondary Modem Data Path Connectors (J2 and J3)
(Male 37 pin D-Sub)
Table 3-15 37-Pin Connector (J2 and J3) Pin Out
Pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
3-36
Description
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
RS-422 Data – to the Modem
RS-422 Clock – From the Modem (Transmit)
RS-422 Data – From the Modem
Not Used
RS-422 Clock – From the Modem (Receive)
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Pin #
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
Description
Not Used
Not Used
RS-422 Data + to the Modem
RS-422 Clock + From the Modem (Transmit)
RS-422 Data + From the Modem
Not Used
RS-422 Clock + From the Modem (Receive)
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
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5
9
1
6
Figure 3-15 PC Control Signals Connector (J4)
(Female 9 pin D-Sub)
Table 3-16 PC Control Signals Connector (J4) Pin Out
Pin #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
REV 01
Description
RS-232 Telephone OFF HOOK Signal
Hi = off hook, Low = on hook
RS-232 Control Signal to PC
Used to confirm controls from the Modem
RS-232 Control Signal from the PC
Used to control the Modem or other Equip. on Bus
RS-232 Control Signal for the “A / B” Switch
Hi = voice from the STE, Low = Data from the PC
transmitted to and received from the Modem Data Port
Not Used
Not Used
RS-232 Control Signal for the IU Alarm Horn
Hi = Horn On, Lo = Horn Off
The front panel alarm horn sounds continuously when
signal is high.
Not Used
Not Used
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
1
5
6
9
Figure 3-16 Control Signals to the Modem (J5)
(Male 9 pin D-Sub)
Table 3-17 Control Signals to the Modem (J5) Connector Pin Out
3-38
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Ground
Not Used
Not Used
RS-485 Signal + to the Modem
RS-485 Signal – to the Modem
Not Used
Not Used
RS-485 Signal + From the Modem
RS-485 Signal – From the Modem
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13
1
25
14
Figure 3-17 Data From/To the PC (J6)
(Female 25 pin D-Sub)
Table 3-18 Data From / To the PC (J6) Connector Pin Out
Pin #
Description
Pin #
Description
1
Not Used
RS-232 Data From the PC to the
COMSEC Device
RS-232 Data To the PC from the
COMSEC Device
Not Used
RS-232 Red Alarm Indicator from the
COMSEC Device
RS-232 Black Alarm Indicator from the
COMSEC Device
14
Not Used
15
Not Used
16
Not Used
17
Not Used
18
Not Used
19
Not Used
7
Ground
20
8
9
10
11
12
13
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
21
22
23
24
25
2
3
4
5
6
REV 01
RS-232 Sync Command Transmit /
Receive to the COMSEC Device
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
5
1
9
6
Figure 3-18 Optional Power for External Equipment (If Needed) (J7)
(Female 9 pin D-Sub)
Table 3-19 Optional Power (J7) Pin Out
3-40
Pin #
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
+12 VDC up to 1 Amp current draw
+12 VDC up to 1 Amp current draw
+12 VDC up to 1 Amp current draw
+12 VDC up to 1 Amp current draw
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
REV 01
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Schematic
Interface Unit
41700-777
REV 01
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 3
Figure 3-19 Schematic Interface Unit
3-42
REV 01
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Wiring Diagram
Replace Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
REV 01
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Chapter 3
Figure 3-20 RFMOW Wiring Diagram
3-44
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Chapter 4
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CHAPTER 4
MAINTENANCE AND INFORMATION
4.1
INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides the following maintenance information for the RFMOW:
•
•
•
4.2
Maintenance Concept
Preventative Maintenance
Removal and Replacement
MAINTENANCE CONCEPT
The goal of the RFMOW maintenance is to prevent equipment failures by performing preventive maintenance.
When failures occur, the objective of corrective maintenance is to verify the failure and replace the faulty
RFMOW part in the shortest possible time with the least impact on the mission.
4.3
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Preventive maintenance includes recommended maintenance tasks required to prevent future equipment
breakdown such as chassis cleaning and inspection. The following paragraphs describe the preventative
maintenance for the RFMOW.
WARNING
Ensure that power is removed during the performance of equipment replacement
and cleaning procedures. Do not open equipment enclosures when cleaning.
Use of damp cleaning materials can cause shock, resulting in fatal or serious
injury to personnel.
4.3.1
Tools Required
The tools required to perform Maintenance Tasks are described in Table 4-1 below.
Table 4-1 Tools Required Index
INDEX
CONTENT
A
Dry Cloth, Pressured Air Spray (NON-LIQUID)
B
D
#2 Cross-Tip Screwdriver, Canned Air (NON-LIQUID), Clean, Dry Towel, Small Brush (Optional)
Synthesized Sweep Generator, Scalar Network Analyzer, Dell Laptop, Power Meter, Printer, Harris
Sweep Software Application (Standard Converter Sweep Cart)
Spectrum Analyzer (GHz)
E
Signal Generator, Spectrum Analyzer, Power Meter
C
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 4
Maintenance Tasks
The Maintenance Tasks required to be performed are provided in Table 4-2. For Frequencies, B=Before,
D=During, A=After, W=Weekly, and Q=Quarterly
Table 4-2 Maintenance Tasks
Item
No.
1
B
D
Interval
A W
•
Q
Tools
Required
A
Items to be
Inspected
PC-Wipe
down screen
/ keyboard
Dust
2
•
B
3
•
N/A
Cable
Inspection
4
•
C
Uplink
Calibration
5
•
N/A
Access
Alignment
Verification
6
•
N/A
Software
Maintenance
4-2
Procedures
1. The monitor screen and keyboard for each RFMOW
client and RFMOW server resident system shall be
wiped down using a cloth and canned air.
1. Remove intake filters on the fan panel and
computer.
2. Rinse filters in warm water and let dry.
3. When the filters are dry, reinstall them.
4. Open the keyboard drawer.
5. Clean the keyboard with canned air.
6. Slide the keyboard into rack.
7. Slide out the monitor and lift the monitor open.
8. Wipe the dust off the monitor with a clean towel.
9. If necessary, please use a small brush to dislodge
impacted dust from corners and other hard-to-reach
areas.
10. Wipe down entire RFMOW with a clean towel.
1. All cables exposed to external elements or cables
exposed to high personnel trafficked areas such as
shelter walkways shall be visually inspected for wear
and tear.
1. Terminal gains and losses shall be measured as
defined in the respective terminal maintenance
procedures to ensure proper operation.
2. Any and all alignments required to place the terminal
into proper mission operation shall be performed.
3. Once performed, the RFMOW alignment system
gain values shall be entered into the appropriate field of
the system gains page screen. (C-3 for 85/93)
1. The terminal operator shall start the RFMOW
alignment software and select the alignment based on
terminal type.
2. The operator shall click ‘Initiate Alignment’ and
attempt to access RFMOW subnet.
3. Once accessed, the operator shall send a message
to the NCT requesting a ‘COMM CHECK’.
4. Once a message response is received from the
NCT, the operator shall request logout from NCT and
upon approval, orderly log out of the RFMOW network.
Note: This task should be done Quarterly and
additionally anytime Task No. 4 is performed.
1. Log files older than 10 days and having no
significance shall be deleted from the system to avoid
exceeding hard drive usage constraints.
2. The Log File Zip Utility Software is available on the
RFMOW website.
3. The website for the RFMOW is
https://rdit.army.mil/commsc
Note: Hard drive total capacity may vary the frequency
of this maintenance.
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Chapter 4
4.3.3
Replacement Frequency
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Exterior Hardware Inspection
Perform the following exterior hardware inspection on a regular basis:
a. Check exterior of RFMOW for loose screws, knobs, toggle switches, etc.
b. Tighten any hardware that may have become loose.
4.4
GENERAL REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES
This section describes removal and replacement procedures for the RFMOW.
WARNING
Proper grounding is an important safety feature, and must be a primary
consideration in all electrical and electronic equipment installations. Ensure that
all grounding connections are secure and that all grounding cables are kept out
of vehicle and personnel paths.
WARNING
Use extreme care when working around electrical equipment to avoid the
possibility of severe or fatal electrical shock. Remove all jewelry (i.e. rings,
necklaces, etc.) before working with the RFMOW.
WARNING
Ensure that all power connections are properly insulated, clean, and
mechanically secure to prevent personnel injury when the RFMOW is powered
up and operated. When the RFMOW power cables are installed, carefully
inspect all connectors and wiring for worn or broken parts. Make any necessary
repairs before powering up the RFMOW. If any cable or connector damage is
discovered while the RFMOW is operating, the RFMOW should be powered
down and the damage repaired immediately.
WARNING
Even with covers removed, lethal voltages may still be present inside the
RFMOW. Failure to exercise caution could result in fatal or serious injury to
personnel.
WARNING
High voltage, 120 VAC, is present in this equipment. Use extreme caution and
ensure that at least two people are present while performing inspection, test, and
maintenance procedures. Failure to comply may result in fatal or serious injury
to personnel.
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Chapter 4
WARNING
Ensure that power is removed during the performance of equipment replacement
and cleaning procedures. Do not open equipment enclosures when cleaning.
Use of damp cleaning materials can cause shock, resulting in fatal or serious
injury to personnel.
WARNING
Hazardous voltages are present. Use care when measuring for voltage. Failure
to do so can result in fatal or serious injury to personnel.
WARNING
RFMOW weight in the crate is approximately 180 lbs. (81.65 kg). A forklift or
equivalent is required to move the crate. Individual weights of items in the crate
are listed in section 1.15.1 (not including shipping materials). Two persons are
required to install the RFMOW Rack, which is approximately 74 lbs. (33.57 kg).
Failure to comply may result in fatal or serious injury to personnel, and/or
damage to the equipment.
CAUTION
This equipment contains static-sensitive devices. Always follow ESD handling
procedures when working on this equipment.
4.4.1
Installation of the RFMOW
WARNING
Remove any power from host system prior to installing the RFMOW. Failure
to do so my result in severe or fatal electrical shock and/or damage to the
equipment.
WARNING
RFMOW weight in the crate is approximately 180 lbs. (81.65 kg). A forklift or
equivalent is required to move the crate. Individual weights of items in the
crate are listed in section 1.15.1 (not including shipping materials). Two
persons are required to install the RFMOW Rack, which is approximately
74 lbs. (33.57 kg). Failure to comply may result in fatal or serious injury to
personnel, and/or damage to the equipment.
4-4
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Tools Needed:
• 3/8” Nut Driver
• 5/8” Nut Driver
• 11/32” Nut Driver
• 1/8” Flat-Tip Screwdriver
• #2 Phillips Screwdriver
a. Locate the RFMOW rack assembly position in the front of the host rack.
b. Attach the AC Power Cable and the Grounding Cable to the rack assembly (located on top of the
RFMOW) (see Figure 1-7 on page 1-9).
c. Place the RFMOW rack assembly into position in the host rack.
d. Place 10/32 x 1 inch flat-head screws in the mounting holes that will be used and tighten to the
host rack.
e. Install the SDM-300A Modem into the RFMOW rack assembly (see Figure 1-10 on page 1-12).
1. Attach the Grounding Cable to the Grounding Stud on rear panel (Item 1) and tighten with
a 3/8” nut driver.
2. Plug the AC Power Cable into the AC Power Input Connector on the rear panel (Item 2).
3. Attach the Data I/O Cable to the Data I/O Connector on the rear panel (Item 3) and tighten
with a 1/8” Flat-Tip screwdriver.
4. Attach the Remote Cable to J6 on the rear panel (Item 4) and tighten with a 1/8” Flat-Tip
screwdriver.
5. Attach the TX/IF Output Cable to the CP1 BNC Connector on the rear panel (Item 8).
6. Attach the RX/IF Input Cable to the CP2 BNC Connector on the rear panel (Item 9).
7. Place the Modem into the rack assembly.
8. Place 10/32 x 5/16 inch screws in the four mounting holes and tighten to the host rack
using a #2 Phillips screwdriver.
f. Install the Fan Panel into the RFMOW rack assembly (see Figure 1-12 on page 1-14).
1. Attach the Power Connector to the back of the fan panel assembly and tighten with a 1/8”
Flat-Tip screwdriver.
2. Place the Fan Panel into the rack assembly.
3. Place 10/32 x 5/16 inch screws in the four mounting holes and tighten to the host rack
using a #2 Phillips screwdriver.
g. Install the Computer into the RFMOW rack assembly (see Figure 1-15 on page 1-17).
1. Attach the Grounding Cable to the Grounding Stud on the rear panel (Item 2) and tighten
with a 5/16” nut driver.
2. Plug the Power Connector into the AC Power Input Connector on the rear panel (Item 4).
3. Position the Power Connector Retainer over the AC Power Connector on the rear panel
(Item 3) and tighten the screw in the Power Connector Bracket with a #2 Phillips
screwdriver.
4. Attach the VGA Monitor Cable to the Connector on the rear panel (Item 8) and tighten with
a 1/8” Flat-Tip screwdriver.
5. Plug the Keyboard Cable into the Connector on the rear panel (Item 12).
6. Plug the Mouse Cable into the Connector on the rear panel (Item 11).
7. Attach the Computer Com 3 Cable to the Com 3 Connector on the rear panel (Item 9) and
tighten with a 1/8” Flat-Tip screwdriver.
8. Attach the Computer Com 4 Cable to the Com 4 Connector on the rear panel (Item 10)
and tighten with a 1/8” Flat-Tip screwdriver.
9. Attach the Computer Com 2 Cable to the Com 2 Connector on the rear panel (Item 17)
and tighten with a 1/8” Flat-Tip screwdriver.
10. Attach the Computer Com 1 Cable to the Com 1 Connector on the rear panel (Item 16)
and tighten with a 1/8” Flat-Tip screwdriver.
11. Plug the Ethernet Cable into the Ethernet Port on the rear panel (Item 14).
12. Place the Computer into the rack assembly.
13. Place 10/32 x 5/16 inch screws in the four mounting holes and tighten to the host rack
using a #2 Phillips screwdriver.
h. Install the KVM (Keyboard/Video/Monitor) into the RFMOW rack assembly (see Figure 1-20 on
page 1-22).
REV 01
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k.
4.4.2
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 4
1. Attach the Grounding Cable to the Grounding Stud on the rear panel (Item 1) and tighten
with a 11/32” nut driver.
2. Plug the Power Connector into the AC Power Input Connector on the rear panel (Item 2).
3. Attach the VGA Monitor Cable to the Connector on the rear panel (Item 3) and hand
tighten the thumbscrews
4. Plug the Keyboard Cable into the Connector on the rear panel (Item 4).
5. Plug the Mouse Cable into the Connector on the rear panel (Item 5).
6. Place the KVM into the rack assembly.
7. Place 10/32 x 5/16 inch screws in the four mounting holes and tighten to the host rack
using a #2 Phillips screwdriver.
Install the IU (Interface Unit) into the RFMOW rack assembly (see Figure 1-22 on page 1-24).
1. Attach the Grounding Cable to the Grounding Stud on the rear panel (Item 2) and tighten
with a 5/16” nut driver.
2. Plug the Power Connector into the AC Power Input Connector on the rear panel (Item 1).
3. Attach the Controller Modem Data Cable to J2 on the rear panel (Item 4) and tighten with
a 1/8” Flat-Tip screwdriver.
4. Attach the Modem Data Cable to J6 on the rear panel (Item 8) and tighten with a 1/8” FlatTip screwdriver.
5. Attach the Modem Control Cable to J5 on the rear panel (Item 7) and tighten with a 1/8”
Flat-Tip screwdriver.
6. Attach the Controller Cable to J4 on the rear panel (Item 6) and tighten with a 1/8” Flat-Tip
screwdriver.
7. Attach the STU or STE Cable to J1 on the rear panel (Item 10) and tighten with a 1/8”
Flat-Tip screwdriver.
8. Attach the Fan Panel Power Cable to J7 on the rear panel (Item 9) and tighten with a 1/8”
Flat-Tip screwdriver.
9. Place the IU into the rack assembly.
10. Place 10/32 x 5/16 inch screws in the four mounting holes and tighten to the host rack
using a #2 Phillips screwdriver.
Position the Telephone Drawer on the slides and push the assembly inward until fully seated.
Feed the power cable and telephone cable through the hole on the rear of the telephone drawer.
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Modem
Equipment Required:
• One (1) #2 Phillips Screwdriver
• One (1) ” Flat-Tip Screwdriver
• One (1) ” Nut Driver
Remove and replace the Modem by performing the steps in the following procedures:
Removal
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be removed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, loosen four (4) retaining screws securing the Modem to rack.
Slide Modem forward and place on the telephone drawer.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Data I/O cable connected to the Data I/O on Modem rear
panel.
f. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Remote cable connected to J6 on Modem rear panel.
g. Remove RX-IF Input cable connected to CP2 on Modem rear panel.
h. Remove TX/IF Output cable connected to CP1 on Modem rear panel.
i. Remove Power cable connected on Modem rear panel.
j. Using a ” nut driver, remove the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on Modem rear panel.
4-6
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Replacement
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
j.
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be installed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Place the Modem onto the telephone drawer face down.
Using a ” nut driver, replace the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on Modem rear panel.
Insert Power cable and connect it to the Modem rear panel.
Insert TX/IF Output cable and connect it to CP1 on Modem rear panel.
Inset RX-IF Input cable and connect it to CP2 on Modem rear panel.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Remote cable and connect it to J6 on Modem rear panel.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Data I/O cable and connect it to the Data I/O on Modem rear
panel.
Position Modem onto guides in rack and carefully push the Modem in place.
Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, tighten four (4) retaining screws securing the Modem to rack.
4.4.3
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Fan Panel
Equipment Required:
• One (1) #2 Phillips Screwdriver
• One (1) ” Flat-Tip Screwdriver
Remove and replace the Fan Panel by performing the steps in the following procedures:
Removal
a. Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, loosen four (4) retaining screws securing the Fan Panel to rack.
b. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove the Power cable on Fan Panel rear panel.
Replacement
a. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Power cable and connect it to the Fan Panel rear panel.
b. Position Fan Panel onto rack.
c. Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, tighten four (4) retaining screws securing the Fan Panel to rack.
4.4.4
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Computer
Equipment Required:
• One (1) #1 Phillips Screwdriver
• One (1) #2 Phillips Screwdriver
• One (1) ” Flat-Tip Screwdriver
• One (1) 5/16” Nut Driver
Remove and replace the Computer by performing the steps in the following procedures:
Removal
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be removed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, loosen four (4) retaining screws securing the Computer to rack.
Slide Computer forward and place on the telephone drawer, front panel down.
Remove Ethernet cable from Ethernet port on Computer rear panel.
Remove Video cable connected to VGA Serial Port on Computer rear panel.
Remove PS/2 Keyboard cable connected to “Keyboard” on Computer rear panel.
Remove PS/2 Mouse cable connected to “Mouse” on Computer rear panel.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Modem Data cable connected to COM1 on Computer rear
panel.
j. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Modem Control cable connected to COM2 on Computer rear
panel.
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k.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove RFMOW Enclosure Panel cables connected to COM3 and
COM4 on Computer rear panel.
l. Using a #1 Phillips screwdriver, loosen the Power Retaining Bracket and remove the power cable.
m. Using a 5/16” nut driver, remove the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on Computer rear panel.
Replacement
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
m.
n.
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be installed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Place the Computer onto the telephone drawer, front panel down.
Using a 5/16” nut driver, replace the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on Computer rear panel.
Using a #1 Phillips screwdriver, insert Power Cable on Computer rear panel and tighten the Power
Retaining Bracket.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert RFMOW Enclosure Panel cables and connect them to COM3
and COM4 on Computer rear panel.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Modem Control cable and connect it to COM2 on Computer
rear panel.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, inset Modem Data cable and connect it to COM1 on Computer rear
panel.
Insert PS/2 Mouse cable and connect it to “Mouse” on Computer rear panel.
Insert PS/2 Keyboard cable and connect it to “Keyboard” on Computer rear panel.
Insert Video cable and connect it to VGA Serial Port on Computer rear panel.
Insert Ethernet cable into Ethernet port on Computer rear panel.
Position Computer onto guides in rack and carefully push the Computer in place.
Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, tighten four (4) retaining screws securing the Computer to rack.
4.4.5
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Keyboard/Video/Monitor (KVM)
Equipment Required:
• One (1) #2 Phillips Screwdriver
• One (1) ” Flat-Tip Screwdriver
• One (1) 11/32” Nut Driver
Remove and replace the Keyboard/Video/Monitor (KVM) by performing the steps in the following procedures:
Removal
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
4-8
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be removed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Tighten thumbscrews so that drawers will not open.
Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, loosen four (4) retaining screws securing the KVM to rack.
Slide KVM forward and place on the telephone drawer, front panel down.
Remove Video cable connected to “Analog RGB (VGA)” on KVM rear panel.
Remove PS/2 Keyboard cable connected to “Keyboard (violet)” on KVM rear panel.
Remove PS/2 Mouse cable connected to “Mouse (green)” on KVM rear panel.
Remove Power cable connected on KVM rear panel.
Using a 11/32” nut driver, remove the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on KVM rear panel.
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Chapter 4
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Replacement
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be installed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Place the KVM onto the telephone drawer.
Using a 11/32” nut driver, replace the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on KVM rear panel.
Insert PS/2 Mouse cable and connect it to “Mouse (green)” on KVM rear panel.
Insert PS/2 Keyboard cable and connect it to “Keyboard (violet)” on KVM rear panel.
Insert Video cable and connect it to “Analog RGB (VGA)” on KVM rear panel.
Insert Power cable and connect it on KVM rear panel.
Position KVM onto guides in rack and carefully push the KVM in place.
Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, tighten four (4) retaining screws securing the KVM to rack.
4.4.6
Removal and Replacement of the RFMOW Interface Unit
Equipment Required:
• One (1) #2 Phillips Screwdriver
• One (1) ” Flat-Tip Screwdriver
• One (1) 5/16” Nut Driver
Remove and replace the Interface Unit by performing the steps in the following procedures:
Removal
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be removed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, loosen four (4) retaining screws securing the Interface Unit to rack.
Slide IU forward and place on the telephone drawer, front panel down.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Secure Voice Unit (STU or STE) cable connected to J1 on IU
rear panel.
f. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Controller Modem Data cable connected to J2 on IU rear
panel.
g. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Controller cable connected to J4 on IU rear panel.
h. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Modem Control cable connected to J5 on IU rear panel.
i. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Modem Data cable connected to J6 on IU rear panel.
j. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, remove Power Out cable connected to J7 on IU rear panel.
k. Remove Power cable connected on IU rear panel.
l. Using a 5/16” nut driver, remove the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on IU rear panel.
Replacement
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
Fully extend telephone drawer to place units on to be installed.
Place a piece of foam on drawer to prevent damage.
Place the IU onto the telephone drawer, front panel down.
Using a 5/16” nut driver, replace the Grounding cable on the Grounding Stud on IU rear panel.
Insert Power cable connected on IU rear panel.
Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Secure Voice Unit (STU or STE) cable and connect it to J1 on
IU rear panel.
g. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Controller Modem Data cable and connect it to J2 on IU rear
panel.
h. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Controller cable and connect it to J4 on IU rear panel.
i. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Modem Control cable and connect it to J5 on IU rear panel.
j. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Modem Data cable and connect it to J6 on IU rear panel.
k. Using a ” Flat-Tip screwdriver, insert Power Out cable and connect it to J7 on IU rear panel.
l. Position IU onto guides in rack and carefully push the IU in place.
m. Using #2 Phillips screwdriver, tighten four (4) retaining screws securing the Interface Unit to rack.
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Modulated Orderwire
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4-10
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Chapter 5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
CHAPTER 5
REPAIR PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS LIST
5.1
INTRODUCTION
This chapter contains parts list information for Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire, manufactured
by Raven Electronics Corporation.
5.2
LIST OF MANUFACTURERS
The Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) code and manufacturer’s address for the RFMOW are listed
below:
CAGE
Code
Name and Address
1RN38
Comtech EF Data
2114 W. 7th Street
Tempe, AZ 85281
51504
Raven Electronics Corporation
400 Edison Way
Reno, NV 89502
5.3
PARTS LIST
RFMOW parts are shown in Figure 5-1 through Figure 5-3 and listed in Table 5-1 through Table 5-3. Format
for the various assembly parts lists are described in the following subparagraphs.
i.
Figure and Index. This column lists the figure and index number for each part listed in the
associated parts list.
ii.
CAGE Code Column. This column lists the Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) code for
the manufacturer of the item.
iii.
Part Number Column. This column lists the manufacturer or Government part number. When a
vendor part number is listed (other than Raven Electronics Corporation), the corresponding Raven
Electronics Corporation specification control drawing number will be listed following the
description.
iv.
Description Column. This column describes the common nomenclature associated with each part.
v.
Source, Maintenance, and Recoverability Code Column. The Source, Maintenance, and
Recoverability (SMR) code is a five-position code containing supply/requisitioning information,
maintenance category authorization criteria, and disposition instruction, as shown in the following
breakout.
REV 01
5-1
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Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 5
a. Source Code. The source code indicates how to get an item needed for maintenance, repair,
or overhaul of an end item/equipment. Explanation of source codes follows.
PA – Stocked items; use applicable NSN to request/requisition items with these
source codes. They are authorized to the category indicated by code entered in third
position of SMR code.
b. Maintenance Code. Maintenance codes tell the level(s) of maintenance authorized to USE
and REPAIR support items. Maintenance codes are entered in the third and fourth positions
of the SMR code as follows.
1.
The maintenance code entered in the third position indicates the lowest maintenance
level authorized to remove, replace, and use an item. The maintenance code entered in
the third position will indicate authorization to one of the following levels of maintenance.
O – Organizational or aviation unit category can remove, replace, and use the item.
2.
The maintenance code entered in the fourth position indicates whether or not the item
is to be repaired and identifies the lowest maintenance level with the capability to perform
complete repair (e.g., perform all authorized repair functions). This position contains one
of the following maintenance codes.
NOTE
Some limited repair may be done on item at lower level of maintenance, if authorized by
Maintenance Allocation Chart (MAC) and SMR codes.
D – Limited repair by O level. Depot is the lowest level that can do complete repair of
the item.
L – Repair by Depot.
Z – Non-repairable. No repair is authorized.
5-2
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TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 5
c.
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Recoverability Code. Recoverability codes are assigned to items to indicate the disposition
action on unserviceable items. The recoverability code is entered in the fifth position of the SMR
code as follows.
D – Repairable item. When beyond lower level repair capability, return to Depot.
Condemnation and disposal of item not authorized below depot level.
Z – Non-repairable item. When unserviceable, condemn and dispose of the item at the level
of maintenance shown in third position of SMR code.
REV 01
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Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 5
1
2
11
3
4
5
6
7
8
12
9
10
Figure 5-1 Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts Location (85 Terminal)
Table 5-1 Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts List (85 Terminal)
FIGURE INDEX
CAGE
CODE
PART
NUMBER
Figure 5-1
51504
41700-8593
51504
1RN38
51504
51504
51504
51504
41700-003
SDM-300A-726
41700-001
41700-005
41700-006
41700-004
51504
41700-015
51504
51504
51504
51504
41700-777
41700-002
41700-085
41700-185
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-1
5-4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
DESCRIPTION
REPLACEMENT FREQUENCY
MODULATED ORDERWIRE
(AN/GSC-69(V)1)
. ENCLOSURE PANEL
. MODEM
. FAN PANEL
. COMPUTER
. POWER DISTRIBUTION PANEL
. MONITOR CLAMP PANEL
. MONITOR DRAWER
. KEYBOARD & MOUSE DRAWER
. INTERFACE UNIT
. STE TELEPHONE DRAWER
. COMBINER/DIVIDER PANEL
. PATCH PANEL
SMR
CODE
NSN
PAODD
5895-01-522-2119
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
TBD
5895-01-463-9474
TBD
7010-01-537-2375
TBD
TBD
PAODD
7025-01-537-2367
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
5895-01-514-1882
TBD
TBD
TBD
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Figure 5-2 Rack Adapter Kit
Table 5-2 Rack Adapter Kit Parts List (85 Terminal)
FIGURE INDEX
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-2
REV 01
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
CAGE
CODE
51504
51504
1RN38
51504
51504
51504
51504
PART
NUMBER
41700-8593
41700-003
SDM-300A-726
41700-001
41700-005
41700-006
41700-004
51504
41700-015
51504
51504
41700-777
41700-002
DESCRIPTION
RACK ADAPTER KIT
. ENCLOSURE PANEL
. MODEM
. FAN PANEL
. COMPUTER
. POWER DISTRIBUTION PANEL
. MONITOR CLAMP PANEL
. MONITOR DRAWER
. KEYBOARD & MOUSE DRAWER
. INTERFACE UNIT
. STE TELEPHONE DRAWER
SMR
CODE
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
5975-01-529-3943
TBD
5895-01-463-9474
TBD
7010-01-537-2375
TBD
TBD
PAODD
7025-01-537-2367
PAODD
PAODD
5895-01-514-1882
TBD
NSN
5-5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Chapter 5
1
11
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
12
10
Figure 5-3 Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts Location (93 Terminal)
Table 5-3 Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire Parts List (93 Terminal)
FIGURE INDEX
CAGE
CODE
PART
NUMBER
Figure 5-3
51504
41700-8593
51504
1RN38
51504
51504
51504
51504
41700-003
SDM-300A-726
41700-001
41700-005
41700-006
41700-004
51504
41700-015
51504
51504
51504
51504
41700-777
41700-002
41700-093
41700-193
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
5-6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
DESCRIPTION
REPLACEMENT FREQUENCY
MODULATED ORDERWIRE
(AN/GSC-69(V)2)
. ENCLOSURE PANEL
. MODEM
. FAN PANEL
. COMPUTER
. POWER DISTRIBUTION PANEL
. MONITOR CLAMP PANEL
. MONITOR DRAWER
. KEYBOARD & MOUSE DRAWER
. INTERFACE UNIT
. STE TELEPHONE DRAWER
. COMBINER/DIVIDER PANEL
. PATCH PANEL
SMR
CODE
NSN
PAODD
5895-01-522-2117
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
TBD
5895-01-463-9474
TBD
7010-01-537-2375
TBD
TBD
PAODD
7025-01-537-2367
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
PAODD
5895-01-514-1882
TBD
TBD
TBD
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix A
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
APPENDIX A
REFERENCE PUBLICATIONS
RELATED TECHNICAL MANUALS
The following manuals or related publications may be required to operate and maintain the Replacement
Frequency Modulated Orderwire (RFMOW).
TM 11-5895-1780-13&P
RFMOW Technical Manual
41700-777
Interface Unit Manual
DISA, System Specification
“ITOS Version 2.0”, dated 29 October 1998
KIV-7
Mykotronx, Embeddable KG-84 COMSEC Module (KIV-7)
User's Manual
SECTEL MMT-1500
Motorola, Inc., SECTEL MMT-1500, Multimedia Terminal,
User's Manual [part number 6844083D03 dated April 1995]
STE USERS MANUAL
L-3 Communications, STE USERS MANUAL, control number
K00000187
SDM-100
EFData Corporation, SDM-100 Satellite Modem Installation
and Operation Manual
SDM-300A
EFData Corporation, SDM-300A Satellite Modem Installation
and Operation Manual
SLM 8650
EFData Corporation, SLM 8650 Satellite Modem Installation
and Operation Manual
TM 11-5895-1196-13&P-1 dated 14 Feb 03
Harris Corporation CV-4251/G Frequency Up Converter,
Interactive Electronic Technical Manual for the AN/GSC-39,
AN/GSC-52 and AN/FSC-78 Satellite Communication
Terminals, Version 2.0.0
TM 11-5895-1196-13&P-1 dated 14 Feb 03
Harris Corporation CV-4250/G Frequency Down Converter,
Interactive Electronic Technical Manual for the AN/GSC-39,
AN/GSC-52 and AN/FSC-78 Satellite Communication
Terminals, Version 2.0.0
TM 11-5895-1124-14 dated 15 August 1987
CMI Corporation, CV-3655/G Frequency Up Converter User’s
Manual
TM 11-5895-1124-14 dated 15 August 1987
CMI Corporation, CV-3654/G Frequency Down Converter
User’s Manual
TM 11-5895-1356-40 dated 1 July 1990
CMI Corporation, CV-3655A/G Frequency Up Converter
User’s Manual
TM 11-5895-1356-40 dated 1 July 1990
CMI Corporation, CV-3654A/G Frequency Down Converter
User’s Manual
TM 11 5895-1196-13 Vol 1-10
Medium Satellite Communications Terminal AN/GSC-52(V),
Fixed
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Modulated Orderwire
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Appendix A
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Appendix B
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
APPENDIX B
MAINTENANCE ALLOCATION CHART
Section I. INTRODUCTION
B-1
THE ARMY MANINTENANCE SYSTEM MAC
This section provides a general explanation of all maintenance and repair functions authorized at various
maintenance levels.
B-1.1
This introduction (section I) provides a general explanation of all maintenance and repair functions
authorized at various maintenance levels under the standard Army Maintenance System concept.
B-1.2
The Maintenance Allocation Chart (MAC) in section II designates overall authority and
responsibility for the performance of maintenance functions on the identified end item or
component. The application of the maintenance functions to the end item or component will be
consistent with the capacities and capabilities of the designated maintenance levels, which are
shown on the MAC in column (4) as:
Unit – Includes two sub-columns, C (operator, crew) and O (unit) maintenance.
Organizational – Includes an F sub-column.
General Support – Includes an H sub-column.
Depot – Includes a D sub-column.
B-1.3
Section III lists the tools and test equipment (both special tools and common tool sets) required for
each maintenance function as referenced from section II.
B-1.4
Section IV contains supplemental instructions and explanatory notes for a particular maintenance
function.
B-2
Maintenance Functions
Maintenance functions are to be limited to and defined as below:
B-2.1
Inspect To determine the serviceability of an item by comparing its physical, mechanical, and/or
electrical characteristics with established standards through examination (e.g., by sight, sound, or
feel).
B-2.2
Test To verify serviceability by measuring the mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, or electrical
characteristics of an item/end item and comparing those characteristics with prescribed standards.
B-2.3
Service Operations required periodically to keep an item in proper operating condition, e.g., to
clean (includes decontaminate, when required), to preserve, to drain, to paint, or to replenish fuel,
lubricants, chemical fluids, or gases.
B-2.4
Adjust To maintain or regulate, within prescribed limits, by bringing into proper position, or by
setting the operating characteristics to specified parameters.
B-2.5
Align To adjust specified variable elements of an item to bring about optimum or desired
performance.
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Modulated Orderwire
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Appendix B
B-2.6
Calibrate To determine and cause corrections to be made or to be adjusted on instruments or
test, measuring, and diagnostic equipment used in precision measurement. Consists of
comparisons to two instruments, one of which is a certified standard of known accuracy, to detect
and adjust and discrepancy in the accuracy of the instrument being compared.
B-2.7
Remove/Install To remove and install the same item when required to perform service or other
maintenance functions. Install may be the act of emplacing, seating, or fixing into position a spare,
repair part, or module (component or assembly) in a manner to allow the proper functioning of an
equipment or system.
B-2.8
Replace To remove an unserviceable item and install a serviceable counterpart in its place.
rd
“Replace” is authorized by the MAC and assigned maintenance level is shown as the 3 position
code of the SMR code.
B-2.9
Repair The application of maintenance services 1 including fault location/troubleshooting 2
removal/installation, and disassembly/assembly 3 procedures, and maintenance actions 4 to identify
troubles and restore serviceability to an item by correcting specific damage, fault, malfunction, or
failure in a part, subassembly, module (component or assembly), end item, or system.
B-2.10
Overhaul That maintenance effort (service/action) prescribed to restore an item to a completely
serviceable/operational condition as required by maintenance standards in appropriate technical
publications (i.e., DMWR). Overhaul is normally the highest degree of maintenance performed by
the Army. Overhaul does not normally return an item to like new condition.
B-2.11
Rebuild Consists of those services/actions necessary for the restoration of unserviceable
equipment to a like new condition in accordance with original manufacturing standards. Rebuild is
the highest degree of materiel maintenance applied to Army equipment. The rebuild operation
includes the act of returning to zero those age measurements (e.g., hours/miles) considered in
classifying Army equipment/components.
1
Services – Inspect, test, service, adjust, align, calibrate, and/or replace.
Fault location/troubleshooting – The process of investigating and detecting the cause of equipment
malfunctioning; the act of isolating a fault within a system or Unit Under Test (UUT).
3
Disassembly/Assembly – The step-by-step breakdown (taking apart) of a spare/functional group coded item
to the level of its least component, that is assigned an SMR code for the level of maintenance under
consideration (i.e., identified as maintenance significant).
4
Actions – Welding, grinding, riveting, straightening, facing, machining, and/or resurfacing.
B-2
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Appendix B
B-3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
EXPLANATION OF COLUMNS IN THE MAC, SECTION II
B-3.1
Column 1, Group Number Column 1 lists functional group code numbers, the purpose of which
is to identify maintenance significant components, assemblies, subassemblies, and modules with
the next higher assembly. End item group number shall be “00”.
B-3.2
Column 2, Component/Assembly Column 2 contains the item names of components,
assemblies, subassemblies, and modules for which a maintenance function is authorized.
B-3.3
Column 3, Maintenance Functions Column 3 lists the functions to be performed on the item
listed in Column 2 (For detailed explanation of these functions, see paragraph B-2).
B-3.4
Column 4, Maintenance Level Column 4 specifies each level of maintenance authorized to
perform each function listed in column 3, by indicating work item required (expressed as taskhours in whole hours or decimals) in the appropriate sub-column. This work-time figure represents
the active time required to perform that maintenance function at the indicated level of
maintenance. If the number or complexity of the tasks within the listed maintenance function vary
at different maintenance levels, appropriate work-time figures are shown for each level. The worktime figure represents the average time required to restore an item (assembly, subassembly,
component, module, end item, or system) to a serviceable condition under typical field operating
conditions. This time includes preparation time (condition/follow-on tasks) (including any
necessary disassembly/assembly time), troubleshooting/fault location time, and quality assurance
time in addition to the time required to perform the specific tasks identified for the maintenance
functions authorized in the MAC. The symbol designations for the various maintenance levels are
as follows:
NOTE
When a complete replace or repair task performed at higher level
maintenance includes lower level maintenance tasks (equipment
condition/follow-on tasks), the lower level work-time figures in the MAC must
be added to the higher level work-time shown in the MAC to determine the
total to accomplish the maintenance function.
C
Operator or crew maintenance
O
Unit maintenance
F
Direct support maintenance
L
Specialized Repair Activity (SRA)
H
General support maintenance
D
Depot maintenance 6
5
5
This maintenance level is not included in Section II, column (4) of the Maintenance Allocation Chart.
Functions to this level of maintenance are identified by a work-time figure in the “H” column of Section II,
column (4), and an associated reference code is used in the Remarks, column (6). This code is keyed to
Section IV, Remarks, and the SRA complete repair application is explained there.
6
Specific repair time is not referenced for this level, rather an * is used to designate repair activity.
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Modulated Orderwire
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Appendix B
B-3.5
Column 5, Tool and Equipment Ref Code. Column 5 specifies, by code, those common tool
sets (not individual tools), common TMDE, and special tools, special TMDE, and special support
equipment required to perform the designated function. Codes are keyed to tools and test
equipment in section III.
B-3.6
Column 6, Remarks Code. When applicable, this column contains a letter code, in alphabetical
order, which is keyed to the remarks contained in section IV.
B-4
EXPLANATION OF THE COLUMNS IN TOOLS AND TEST EQUIPMENT
The following subparagraphs provide an explanation of the columns in Tools and Test Equipment (Section III).
B-4.1
Column 1, Tools or Equipment Ref Code. The tool and test equipment reference code
correlates with a code used in the MAC, Section II, Column 5.
B-4.2
Column 2, Maintenance Level. The lowest level of maintenance authorized to use the tool or test
equipment.
B-4.3
Column 3, Nomenclature. Name or identification of the tool or test equipment.
B-4.4
Column 4, National Stock Number. The National Stock Number of the tool or test equipment.
B-4.5
Column 5, Tool Number. The manufacturer’s part number, model number, or type number.
B-5
EXPLANATION OF COLUMNS IN REMARKS, SECTION IV
B-5.1
Column 1, Remarks Code. The code recorded in Column 6, Section II.
B-5.2
Column 2, Remarks. This column, along with the related codes, should be used to clarify
maintenance and inspection functions by different MOS’ involved in maintaining some
components.
B-4
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Appendix B
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Section II. MAC for RFMOW
Table B-1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
MAINTENANCE LEVEL
GROUP
NUMBER
COMPONENT/ASSEMBLY
MAINTENANCE
FUNCTIONS
FIELD
UNIT
C
00
O
SUSTAINMENT
DIRECT
SUPPORT
GENERAL
SUPPORT
DEPOT
F
H
D
TOOL AND
REMARKS
EQUIPMENT
CODE
REF CODE
REPLACEMENT FREQUENCY
MODULATED ORDERWIRE
Replace
41700-8593
Service (clean)
.1
B
NSN: 5895-01-522-2119 (85)
Inspect
.1
D
NSN: 5975-01-529-3743 (85 Rack)
Test
.5
E, F
Inspect
.1
D
5.3
*
1-8
A, D, G
NSN: 5895-01-522-2117 (93)
01
ENCLOSURE PANEL
41700-003
02
SDM-300A MODEM
V100-0040
03
FAN PANEL
41700-001
04
COMPUTER
41700-005
0401
05
KEYBOARD/MONITOR/MOUSE
41700-015
POWER DISTRIBUTION PANEL
41700-006
REV 01
Service (clean)
.1
Replace
.2
B
Test
.2
F
Inspect
.1
D
*
7, 8
G
Service (clean)
.1
Replace
.5
B
Test
.5
F
Inspect
.1
D
*
3, 7, 8
G
Service (clean)
.2
Replace
.5
C
Test
.1
E
Inspect
.1
D
*
2, 7, 8
G
Service (clean)
.1
Replace
.5
C, G
Test
.5
F
Inspect
.1
D
*
4, 7, 8
G
Service (clean)
.1
Replace
.2
B
Test
.5
F
Inspect
.1
D
Service (clean)
.1
B
Replace
.5
Test
.2
*
*
4, 7, 8
2, 7
G
G
E
B-5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix B
Table B-1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
MAINTENANCE LEVEL
GROUP
NUMBER
COMPONENT/ASSEMBLY
MAINTENANCE
FUNCTIONS
FIELD
UNIT
C
06
MONITOR CLAMP
41700-004
07
INTERFACE UNIT
41700-777
0701
KIV-7
Inspect
O
0801
STE PHONE
DEPOT
F
H
D
TOOL AND
REMARKS
EQUIPMENT
CODE
REF CODE
D
.1
Replace
.2
Test
.1
E
Inspect
.1
D
Service (clean)
.1
Replace
.5
Test
.2
Inspect
7
.2
B
*
4, 7, 8
.1
Replace
.2
Test
.1
.2
G, K, P
.2
E, P
D
B
*
7
G
E
.1
D, P
.1
.2
G
F
.1
Replace
G
D, P
Service (clean)
Inspect
B
*
.1
Inspect
Test
B-6
GENERAL
SUPPORT
Service (clean)
Test
STE TELEPHONE DRAWER
41700-002
DIRECT
SUPPORT
.1
Replace
08
SUSTAINMENT
K, P
E, P
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix B
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
Section III. Tools and Test Equipment Requirements for RFMOW
Table B-2
TOOL OR TEST
EQUIPMENT REF
CODE
MAINTENANCE LEVEL*
1
C, O
5 mm Nut Driver
2
C, O
11/32 in. Nut Driver
3
C, O
3/8 in. Nut Driver
4
C, O
5/16 in. Nut Driver
5
C, O
1/4 in. Nut Driver
6
C, O
#1 Philips Screwdriver
7
C, O
#2 Philips Screwdriver
8
C, O
1/8 in. Flat-Tip Screwdriver
NOMENCLATURE
NATIONAL STOCK
NUMBER
TOOL NUMBER
*C--Crew
O--Organization
F--Direct Support
H--General Support
D--Depot
REV 01
B-7
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix B
Section IV. Remarks for RFMOW
Table B-3
1
2
REFERENCE
REMARKS
CODE
B-8
A
Installation at the operational site is accomplished by personnel using tools and test equipment in
accordance with approved, site-unique installation plans and procedures. Since installation is a one-time
action and unique to each site, no installation procedures are included in the manual.
B
Service by the operator consists of (1) periodic replenishment of expendables that can be accomplished
without any equipment disassembly, and (2) cleaning of the exposed surfaces of all equipment to remove
accumulated contaminants. Cleaning is accomplished using a soft brush, lint less cotton cloth, and
isopropyl alcohol, as required.
C
Service by the operator consists of (1) periodic replenishment of expendables that require equipment
disassembly to be accomplished, and (2) the use of a vacuum to clean all air filters and the interiors of
cabinets and equipment items.
D
Inspection by the operator is limited to determining the serviceability of the system and equipment items
by visually observing that selected indicators, screen displays, and/or hardcopy messages comply with
established standards.
E
Testing by the operator at the system or equipment level is limited to operational performance verification
accomplished using self-test features or an embedded or downloaded diagnostic where applicable
without the aid of any TMDE.
F
Testing by the operator using self-test features or an embedded or down-loaded diagnostic where
applicable without the aid of any TMDE to the extent necessary to localize and/or isolate system failures
to a repairable or replaceable level of assembly and to verify the effectiveness of corrective action
accomplished by repair or replacement.
G
Repair accomplished in place by the operator by removal and replacement of lower-level assemblies, to
include but not limited to computer monitor, mouse, keyboard, interface Unit, as well as, cables and parts
coded non-repairables
H
Overhaul at the operational site, if required, will be accomplished by O&M contractor personnel using
O&M contractor-furnished tools and test equipment in accordance with a government-approved, siteunique overhaul plan.
J
Testing performed by the operator using listed TMDE as necessary to isolate a malfunction to the
individual equipment item.
K
Replacement from on-site spares inventory, performed by the operator.
L
Repair accomplished in place by O&M contractor personnel using contractor furnished tools and test
equipment IAW site-unique requirements.
M
Repair is accomplished by the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) or army support structure.
N
Repair is accomplished by the authorized activity and IAW procedure for repairing security equipment.
O
Alignment is accomplished by the user/operator IAW alignment procedures in Appendix C and TMDE
identified in Section III of this MAC.
P
See COMSEC Officer for this equipment and handling/control procedures.
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix C
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
APPENDIX C
COMPONENTS OF END ITEMS
AND
BASIC ISSUE ITEMS LIST
NONE REQUIRED
REV 01
C-1
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix C
This page left blank intentionally.
C-2
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix D
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
APPENDIX D
EXPENDABLE/DURABLE ITEMS LIST
D-1
SCOPE
This appendix contains the expendable and durable items list that is needed to operate and maintain the
Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire (RFMOW). This list is for information only and is not authority
to requisition the listed items.
D-2
EXPLANATION OF COLUMNS
The following subparagraphs explain the information in the various columns of Table D-1.
D-2.1
Item
This number is assigned to the entry in the listing and is referenced to identify the item.
D-2.2
Level
This letter identifies the lowest level of maintenance that requires the item.
D-2.3
NSN
This number identifies the National Stock Number of the item to be used for inventory or requisition purposes.
D-2.4
Description
This column provides a minimal description of the item.
D-2.5
Part Number
This column provides the item part number.
D-2.6
Cage Code
The Commercial And Government Entity Code (CAGE CODE) is a five-digit code that identifies the
manufacturer, distributor, or Government agency that supplies the item.
D-2.7
U/M
The Unit of Measurement (U/M) code shows the physical measurement or count of an item, such as gallon,
dozen, gross, etc.
Table D-1 Expendable/Durable Items List
ITEM
1
2
REV 01
LEVEL
O
O
NSN
N/A
N/A
DESCRIPTION
Fan Panel Intake Filter
Computer Intake Filter
PART NO.
E100-0001
E100-0002
CAGE CODE
51504
51504
U/M
EA
EA
D-1
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix D
This page left blank intentionally.
D-2
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix E
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
APPENDIX E
MANUAL EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION PROCEDURES
E-1
KIV-7HSB CONFIGURATION
NOTE: Verify operational status of the KIV-7HSB battery. Consult KIV-7HSB manual for procedure.
1. Load Key using Fill Device.
a. Initiate the load process using the appropriate fill device. Follow the instructions associated with
the fill device for further information. NOTE: The key must be loaded into the X01 register.
b. Observe “Load Good” status message when load is complete. Consult KIV-7HSB manual if a
different status message is displayed and repeat loading procedure if necessary.
2. Perform the following procedure to configure the KIV-7HSB via the SETUP A menu:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If the KIV-7HSB is On-Line,
press ON-LINE to put the KIV-7HSB OFF-LINE, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SETUP A and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display CLKSEL and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to display MASTER and press INITIATE. MASTER should be (selected)
highlighted.
e. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
f. Press SCROLL to display SYNC SEL and press INITIATE.
g. Press SCROLL to display OP2 and press INITIATE. OP2 should be highlighted.
h. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
i. Press SCROLL to display COMM SEL and press INITIATE.
j. Press SCROLL to display FDX and press INITIATE. FDX should be highlighted.
k. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
l. Press SCROLL to display DATA MOD and press INITIATE.
m. Press SCROLL to display BB and press INITIATE. BB should be highlighted.
n. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
o. Press SCROLL to display DATA LEN and press INITIATE.
p. Press SCROLL to display 11 Bits and press INITIATE. 11 Bits should be highlighted.
q. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
r. Press SCROLL to display TX RATE and press INITIATE.
s. Press SCROLL to display 9.6k and press INITIATE. 9.6k should be highlighted.
t. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
u. Press SCROLL to display RX RATE and press INITIATE.
v. Press SCROLL to display 9.6k and press INITIATE. 9.6k should be highlighted.
w. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
x. Press SCROLL to display TTY MODE and press INITIATE.
y. Press SCROLL to display UNFRAMD and press INITIATE. UNFRAMD should be highlighted.
z. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
aa. Press SCROLL to display I/F CTRL and press INITIATE.
bb. Press SCROLL to scroll through to ensure that no options are selected. If an option is found
selected, press INITIATE to de-select it.
cc. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
dd. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SETUP A.
3. Perform the following procedure to configure the KIV-7HSB via the SETUP B menu:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If the KIV-7HSB is On-Line,
press ON-LINE to put the KIV-7HSB off-line, else continue
b. Press SCROLL to display SETUP B and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display INVERT and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to scroll through to ensure that no options are selected. If an option is found
selected, press INITIATE to de-select it.
e. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
f. Press SCROLL to display TX CLOCK and press INITIATE.
REV 01
E-1
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix E
g. Press SCROLL to display CONT TXC and press INITIATE. CONT TXC should be highlighted.
h. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
i. Press SCROLL to display RX CLOCK and press INITIATE.
j. Press SCROLL to display CONT RXC and press INITIATE. CONT RXC should be highlighted.
k. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
l. Press SCROLL to display SYNC OOS and press INITIATE.
m. Press SCROLL to display DISABLD and press INITIATE.
n. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
o. Press SCROLL to display IDLE SEL and press INITIATE.
p. Press SCROLL to display DISABLD and press INITIATE. DISABLD should be highlighted.
q. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
r. Press SCROLL to display AUTO PHS and press INITIATE.
s. Press SCROLL to display OFF and press INITIATE. OFF should be highlighted.
t. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
u. Press SCROLL to display UPDATE U and press INITIATE.
v. Press SCROLL to display ENABLED, and press INITIATE.
w. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
x. Press SCROLL to display CLK LOCK and press INITIATE.
y. Press SCROLL to display DISABLD and press INITIATE.
z. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
aa. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SETUP B.
4. Perform the following procedure to configure the KIV-7HSB via the SETUP C menu:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If KIV-7HSB is On-Line, press
ON-LINE to put the KIV-7HSB off-line, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SETUP C and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display RED I/F and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to display RS-232 and press INITIATE. RS-232 should be highlighted.
e. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
f. Press SCROLL to display BLK I/F and press INITIATE.
g. Press SCROLL to display EIA-530 and press INITIATE. EIA-530 should be highlighted.
h. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
i. Press SCROLL to display FIL I/F and press INITIATE.
j. Press SCROLL to display 102/STD and press INITIATE. 102/STD should be highlighted.
k. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
l. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SETUP C.
5. Perform the following procedure to configure the KIV-7HSB via the SETUP D menu:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If KIV-7HSB is On-Line, press
ON-LINE to put the KIV-7HSB off-line, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SETUP D and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display MSTRSLV and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to display SLAVE and press INITIATE
e. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
f. Press SCROLL to display ALGRTHM and press INITIATE.
g. Press SCROLL to display ALG 1 and press INITIATE
h. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
i. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SETUP D.
6. Perform the following procedure to select a Traffic Encryption Key (TEK) for secure on-line operation:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If the KIV-7HSB is On-Line,
press ON-LINE to put the KIV-7HSB off-line, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SEL KEY and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display KEY X01 and press INITIATE. KEY X01 should be highlighted.
d. Observe the “Key Good” status message and PARITY indicator. Consult KIV-7HSB manual if a
different status message is displayed.
e. If the selected TEK is not loaded or not valid, the parity indicator remains lit. Another TEK must be
selected or a valid TEK must be loaded into the selected location prior to initiating on-line
operation.
f. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SEL KEY.
E-2
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix E
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
7. Perform the following procedure to store the SETUP A, SETUP B, SETUP C, SETUP D and SEL KEY
configuration:
a. If KIV-7HSB is On-Line, press ON-LINE to put the KIV-7HSB off-line.
b. Press SCROLL to display SET MGMT and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display STORE and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to the desired storage location 1 and press INITIATE.
e. Observe the “STO Good” status message. Consult KIV-7HSB manual if a different status
message is displayed.
f. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
Select KIV-7HSB, Press ON-LINE Button, Display is illuminated and reads FDX TR. (“FDX TR” will
indicate that KIV-7HSB has been properly configured).
NOTE: Refer to Table E-1 for a summary of KIV-7HSB configuration.
E-2
KIV-7 AND KIV-7HS CONFIGURATION
NOTE: KIV-7 and KIV-7HS use the same configuration. The configuration procedures will use the definition
KIV-7 when referring to the device.
NOTE: Verify operational status of the KIV-7 battery. Consult KIV-7 manual for procedure.
1. Load Key using Fill Device.
a. Initiate the load process using the appropriate fill device. Follow the instructions associated
with the fill device for further information. NOTE: The key must be loaded into the X01
register.
b. Observe “Load Good” status message when load is complete. Consult KIV-7HSB manual if a
different status message is displayed and repeat loading procedure if necessary.
2. Perform the following procedure to configure the KIV-7 via the SETUP A menu:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If the KIV-7 is On-Line,
press ON-LINE to put the KIV-7 OFF-LINE, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SETUP A and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display CLKSEL and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to display MASTER and press INITIATE. MASTER should be (selected)
highlighted.
e. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
f. Press SCROLL to display SYNC SEL and press INITIATE.
g. Press SCROLL to display OP2 and press INITIATE. OP2 should be highlighted.
h. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
i. Press SCROLL to display COMM SEL and press INITIATE.
j. Press SCROLL to display FDX and press INITIATE. FDX should be highlighted.
k. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
l. Press SCROLL to display DATA MOD and press INITIATE.
m. Press SCROLL to display BB and press INITIATE. BB should be highlighted.
n. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
o. Press SCROLL to display DATA LEN and press INITIATE.
p. Press SCROLL to display 11 Bits and press INITIATE. 11 Bits should be highlighted.
q. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
r. Press SCROLL to display TX RATE and press INITIATE.
s. Press SCROLL to display 9.6k and press INITIATE. 9.6k should be highlighted.
t. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
u. Press SCROLL to display RX RATE and press INITIATE.
v. Press SCROLL to display 9.6k and press INITIATE. 9.6k should be highlighted.
w. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
x. Press SCROLL to display TTY MODE and press INITIATE.
y. Press SCROLL to display UNFRAMD and press INITIATE. UNFRAMD should be highlighted.
z. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
aa. Press SCROLL to display I/F CTRL and press INITIATE.
REV 01
E-3
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix E
bb. Press SCROLL to display RS&CS and press INITIATE. RS&CS should be highlighted.
cc. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
dd. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SETUP A.
3. Perform the following procedure to configure the KIV-7 via the SETUP B menu:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If the KIV-7 is On-Line,
press ON-LINE to put the KIV-7 off-line, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SETUP B and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display INVERT and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to scroll through to ensure that no options are selected. If an option is found
selected, press INITIATE to de-select it.
e. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
f. Press SCROLL to display TX CLOCK and press INITIATE.
g. Press SCROLL to display CONT TXC and press INITIATE. CONT TXC should be highlighted.
h. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
i. Press SCROLL to display RX CLOCK and press INITIATE.
j. Press SCROLL to display CONT RXC and press INITIATE. CONT RXC should be
highlighted.
k. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
l. Press SCROLL to display SYNC OOS and press INITIATE.
m. Press SCROLL to display DISABLD and press INITIATE.
n. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
o. Press SCROLL to display IDLE SEL and press INITIATE.
p. Press SCROLL to display DISABLD and press INITIATE. DISABLD should be highlighted.
q. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
r. Press SCROLL to display AUTO PHS and press INITIATE.
s. Press SCROLL to display OFF and press INITIATE. OFF should be highlighted.
t. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
u. Press SCROLL to display UPDATE U and press INITIATE.
v. Press SCROLL to display ENABLED, and press INITIATE.
w. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
x. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SETUP B.
4. Perform the following procedure to configure the KIV-7 via the SETUP C menu:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. If KIV-7 is On-Line, press
ON-LINE to put the KIV-7 off-line, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SETUP C and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display RED I/F and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to display RS-232 and press INITIATE. RS-232 should be highlighted.
e. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
f. Press SCROLL to display BLK I/F and press INITIATE.
g. Press SCROLL to display EIA-530 and press INITIATE. EIA-530 should be highlighted.
h. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
i. Press SCROLL to display FIL I/F and press INITIATE.
j. Press SCROLL to display 102/STD and press INITIATE. 102/STD should be highlighted.
k. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
l. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SETUP C.
5. Perform the following procedure to select a Traffic Encryption Key (TEK) for secure on-line operation:
a. Verify Power is ON and Key is inserted and turned clockwise 90°. Press ON-LINE to put the
KIV-7 off-line, if not already off-line, else continue.
b. Press SCROLL to display SEL KEY and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display KEY X01 and press INITIATE. KEY X01 should be highlighted.
d. Observe the “Key Good” status message and PARITY indicator. Consult KIV-7 manual if a
different status message is displayed.
e. If the selected TEK is not loaded or not valid, the parity indicator remains lit. Another TEK
must be selected or a valid TEK must be loaded into the selected location prior to initiating online operation.
E-4
REV 01
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix E
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
f. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit SEL KEY.
6. Perform the following procedure to store the SETUP A, SETUP B, SETUP C and SEL KEY
configuration:
a. If KIV-7 is On-Line, press ON-LINE to put the KIV-7 off-line.
b. Press SCROLL to display SET MGMT and press INITIATE.
c. Press SCROLL to display STORE and press INITIATE.
d. Press SCROLL to the desired storage location 1 and press INITIATE.
e. Observe the “STO Good” status message. Consult KIV-7 manual if a different status message
is displayed.
f. Press SCROLL to display RETURN and press INITIATE to exit sub-menu.
g. Select KIV-7, Press ON-LINE Button, Display is illuminated and reads FDX TR. (“FDX TR” will
indicate that KIV-7 has been properly configured)
NOTE: Refer to Table E-1 for a summary of KIV-7 configuration.
Table E-1 KIV-7, KIV-7HS, and KIV-7 HSB Configuration
SETUP MENU
SETUP A
SETUP B
SETUP C
SETUP D
SEL KEY
REV 01
PARAMETER
ClkSel
SyncSel
CommSel
DataMod
DataLen
TxRate
RxRate
TTYMode
I/F Ctrl
Invert
TxClock
RxClock
SyncOOS
Idle Sel
Auto PHS
UpdateU
ClkLock
Red I/F
Blk I/F
Fil I/F
Fil Addr
RCU Addr
Display
Speaker
MstrSlv
Algrthm
Key Sel
RCUStat
KIV7 & KIV-7HS
PARAMETER VALUE
Master
OP2
FDX
BB
11 Bits
9.6k
9.6k
Unframd
RS&CS
No Selection
contTXC
contRXC
Disabld
Disabld
Off
Enabled
N/A
RS-232
EIA-530
102/STD
254
31
Medium
Enabled
N/A
N/A
X01:000
No Setting
KIV-7HSB
PARAMTER VALUE
Master
OP2
FDX
BB
11 Bits
9.6k
9.6k
Unframd
No Selection
No Selection
ContTXC
ContRXC
Disabld
Disabld
Off
Enabled
Disabld
RS-232
EIA-530
102/STD
254
31
Medium
Enabled
Slave
Alg 1
X01:000
No Setting
E-5
Replacement Frequency
Modulated Orderwire
E-3
E-3.1
TM 11-5895-1838-13&P
Appendix E
SECURE VOICE UNIT
STE (Tactical) Configuration
1. Press the MENU button to bring up the TERMINAL MANAGEMENT option on the screen.
a. Press SELECT to get the NETWORK SETTINGS option.
b. Press SELECT.
i. Confirm Active Network Port is set to BDI 232, then press SCROLL.
ii. Press CHANGE to set STU3 Ack/Nack to DISABLED, then press SCROLL.
iii. Confirm STU3 Extended Timeout is set to 0, then press SCROLL 3 times.
iv. Confirm DCE Ready is set to Not Required, then press SCROLL.
v. Confirm Network Rate is set to 4.8 Kbps, then press SCROLL twice.
c. Press VIEW to get the TERMINAL CONFIGURATION CONTROL options.
d. Press SELECT.
i. Confirm Initial Secure Mode is set to Auto Secure, then press SCROLL.
ii. Confirm Remote Control is set to DISABLED, then press SCROLL.
iii. Confirm Card Privileges is set to ENABLED, then press SCROLL twice.
e. Press SECAPP to enter the SECURE ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM.
i. Confirm that Secure Data Appl is set to ENABLED, then press SCROLL.
ii. Confirm that Secure Data ACL is set to DISABLED, then press SCROLL.
iii. Confirm that Secdata Max Sec and Secdata Min Sec are set to None, then press
SCROLL.
iv. Confirm that Secure Voice Appl is set to Enabled, then press SCROLL.
v. Confirm that Secure Voice ACL is set to Disabled, then press SCROLL.
vi. Confirm that Secvoice Max Sec and Secvoice Min Sec are set to None, then press
SCROLL twice.
f. Press SELECT to enter Speakerphone Control settings.
i. Confirm that Nonsecure speakerphone is Disabled, then press SCROLL.
ii. Confirm that Secure speakerphone is Enabled, then press SCROLL twice.
g. Press BACK to return to TERMINAL PRIVILEGES options.
h. Press SCROLL three times.
i. Confirm Audible Alerts is set to Enabled, then press SCROLL.
ii. Confirm Auto-Answer is set to Disabled, then press SCROLL.
iii. Confirm Data Port is set to EIA-232, then press SCROLL.
iv. Confirm Handset Sidetone is set to Enabled, then press SCROLL.
v. Confirm Ring Selection is set to Standard Ring.
i. Press MODE button to view terminal modes.
i. Press CHANGE once to set Secure Data to Synchronous, then press SCROLL.
ii. Press CHANGE once to set Secure Data to 4.8 Kbps, then press BACK.
iii. Confirm that Secure Voice is set to STE-ADPCM STU-CELP, then press SCROLL.
iv. Confirm that STU Mode is set to Full_Duplex, then press BACK to exit mode options.
NOTE: Refer to Table E-2 for a summary of STE (Tactical) configuration.
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Table E-2 STE (Tactical) Configuration
SETUP MENU
PARAMETER
PARAMETER VALUE
Network Settings
Active Network Port
BDI 232
STU3 Ack/Nack
Disabled
STU3 Extended Timeout
0
DCE Ready
Not Required
Network Rate
4.8 kbps
Initial Secure Mode
Auto Secure
Remote Control
Disabled
Card Privileges
Enabled
Secure Data Appl
Enabled
Secure Data ACL
Disabled
Secdata Max Sec
None
Secdata Min Sec
None
Secure Voice Appl
Enabled
Secure Voice ACL
Disabled
Secvoice Max Sec
None
Secvoice Min Sec
None
Nonsecure speakerphone
Disabled
Secure speakerphone
Enabled
Audible Alerts
Enabled
Auto-Answer
Disabled
Data Port
EIA-232
Handset Sidetone
Enabled
Ring Selection
Standard
Secure Data
Synchronous 4.8 kbps
Secure Voice
STE-ADPCM STU-CELP
STU Mode
Full Duplex
Terminal Config Ctrl
Secure Access Ctrl System
Speakerphone Control
Other settings
Mode settings
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Appendix E
RFMOW MODEM CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION
E-4.1
RFMOW Modem Interface Settings
The remote interface of the RFMOW Modem must be configured prior to system operation. The following
steps must be taken to access the remote interface configuration:
1. Ensure the title screen appears on the modem (The title screen will have the name of the modem and
the version number of the software on it. Press the Clear button until this screen appears).
2. Press right arrow (å) five (5) times to Function Select Utility. Press Enter button.
3. Press right arrow (å) three (3) times to Utility System. Press Enter button.
4. Configure the remote interface settings as specified in Table E-3.
Figure E-3 shows the summary of the steps taken to access the configuration menu.
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SELECT
CONFIGURATION
MONITOR
FAULTS/ALARMS
STORED FAULTS/ ALARMS
REMOTE AUPC
UTILITY
CONFIGURATION
MODULATOR
DEMODULATOR
INTERFACE
LOCAL AUPC
SAVE
RECALL
MONITOR
RAW BER
CORRECTED BER
Eb/No
RECEIVED SIGNAL
SWEEP FREQUENCY
BUFFER FILL
FRAME ERRORS
FAULTS/ALARMS
MODULATOR FAULTS
DEMODULATOR FAULTS
TX INTERFACE
RX INTERFACE
COMMON
BACKWARD ALARMS
MODULATOR
ASSIGNED TX FILTER
TX-X CODE RATE
TX-IF FREQUENCY
TX-IF OUTPUT
TX POWER
LEVELS
SCRAMBLER
DIFFERENTIAL ENCODE
CARRIER MODE
MODEM REFERENCE
RS ENCODER
DEMODULATOR
RX- X CODE RATE
RX- IF FREQUENCY
DESCRAMBLER
DIFFERENTIAL DECODER
RF LOOPBACK
IF LOOPBACK
BER THRESHOLD
SWEEP CENTER
SWEEP RANGE
REACQUISITION
RS DECODER
INTERFACE
(COMPLETE INTERFACE)
STORED FAULTS/ALARMS
MODULATOR
DEMODULATOR
TX INTERFACE
RX INTERFACE
COMMON
BACKWARD ALARMS
UNAVIL SECONDS
CLEAR
REMOTE AUPC
CONFIGURATION
MONITOR
UTILITY
MODULATOR
DEMODULATOR
INTERFACE
SYSTEM
MODEM TYPE
LOCAL AUPC
AUOPC ENABLE
NOMINAL POWER
MINIMUM POWER
MAXIMU POWER
TARGET NOISE
TRACKING RATE
LOCAL CL ACTION
REMOTE CL ACTION
MODULATOR
ASSIGN TX FILTER
MOD POWER OFFSET
MODULATOR TYPE
ENCODER TYPE
TX BPSK ORDERING
MOD SPECTRUM
TX-RS INTERLEAVE
TX IESS- 310 MODE
TX SYMBOL RATE
DEMODULATOR
ASSIGN RX FILTER
DEMODULATOR TYPE
DECODER TYPE
RX BPSK ORDERING
DEMOD SPECTRUM
RX- RS INTERLEAVE
RX IESS-310 MODE
RX SYMBOL RATE
FACTORY SETUP
INTERFACE
(COMPLETE INTERFACE)
SYSTEM
(COMPLETE SYSTEM
MODEM TYPE
MODEM TYPE
MODEM EMULATION
REV EMULATION
MODEM OPTIONS
CARD #1
CARD #2
CARD #3
MODEM SERIAL #
CONFIGURATION CODE MODE
Figure E-3 RFMOW Modem Configuration Menu
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Appendix E
Table E-3 SDM-300A Remote Interface Settings
CONFIGURATION
MENU
System Utility
PARAMETER
PARAMETER VALUE
Remote Interface
Baud Rate
Remote Interface
Parity
Remote Interface
Word Length
Year Display
9600(w/CMI converter)
19200(w/Harris converter)
NONE
Mode of Operation
2-Wire
OR
4-Wire
1 (Control Modem)
Remote Interface
Address
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2 Digit
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APPENDIX F
POWER BALANCE / ALIGNMENT PROCEDURE
F-1
OVERVIEW OF POWER BALANCE / ALIGNMENT
The RFMOW system allows tactical terminals to access the positive control network without requiring
dedicated use of up and down converters. The converters that already exist in the terminal may continue to be
used for both regular communications carriers and the RFMOW system at the same time. This is
accomplished by balancing the communications carrier and the RFMOW carrier power levels so that they will
meet the power requirements dictated by the SAA when the two carriers are combined. They are able to use
the same up converter. Also the received signals must be separated after the down converter and attenuated
appropriately for normal operation.
This section provides step-by-step procedures to perform the power balancing/alignment for RFMOW
terminals.
F-2
THE ALIGNMENT PROGRAM
The alignment program has been developed to automate and simplify the power balancing/alignment process.
This process must still be performed long before the terminal will be required to perform an RFMOW mission
because the terminal operator will need to calibrate and characterize the terminal equipment.
F-3
ALIGNMENT PROCEDURE FOR THE AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1
Performing the alignment.
NOTE: If the measured output power of the L3 MD1340 modem, the measured gain of the up converter, and
the measured gain of the klystron are not available, they should be measured prior to beginning this alignment
procedure. Default values for a well calibrated terminal are available in the alignment program and may be
used. However, the default power levels should be used with the understanding that the attenuator settings
derived from the alignment may result in the incorrect power level of a communications carrier (carrier being
much higher or lower than the predicted power level) or the incorrect power level of the RFMOW orderwire
carrier, which will prevent the terminal from logging into the RFMOW network.
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Appendix F
1. To begin the alignment procedure, select Start=>Programs=>JSEC=>TSC-85 and 93
Server from the bottom left-hand side of the Windows display of the RFMOW terminal.
The user will be prompted for a user name and a user password to log-in. After
successful login, the Server screen will be displayed. See Figure F-1
Figure F-1 Server Screen
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2. Select Menu=>OW Alignment. This will bring up the TSC 85/93 Terminal D RFMOW
Alignment screen. See Figure F-2.
Figure F-2 AN/TSC-85D(V)1 and AN/TSC-93D(V)1 RFMOW Alignment Screen
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Appendix F
3. Select Menu=>Setup=>System Values. This will display the System Values screen. See
Figure F-3.
Figure F-3 System Values Screen
4. Enter the measured values for the L3 MD1340 modem, the measured gain of the up
converter, and the measured gain of the klystron in the appropriate fields.
NOTE: If the actual measured values are not available, select the Load Defaults button to load default values
that will successfully align a terminal whose equipment is close to specification values.
5. Click OK to save the equipment values. A window will appear stating that the application
will have to be restarted to continue the alignment.
6. Select OK and the alignment program will close.
7. Once again, start the RFMOW Alignment program by selecting Start=>Programs=>
JSEC=>TSC-85 and 93 Server from the bottom left-hand side of the Windows display of
the RFMOW terminal. The Server screen will be displayed.
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8. Ensure that the appropriate Side 1 or Side 2 is selected and the Up-Converter in that
position is set for Remote Control. See Figure F-4.
Figure F-4 U/C Converter Selection
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Appendix F
9. Select the appropriate MD1340 communications modem by selecting it from the dropdown menu. Ensure that the selected modem is set for Remote Control. See Figure F-5.
Figure F-5 MD1340 Communications Modem Selection
10. Select Menu=>OW Alignment. This will bring up the TSC 85/93 Terminal D RFMOW
Alignment screen.
11. At the bottom right of the TSC-85/93 Delta Terminal RFMOW Alignment window select the
Initiate Alignment button. This will begin the wizard to guide you step by step though the
rest of the alignment procedure.
12. The first dialog displayed will be the Communications Link Power dialog. See Figure F-6.
Enter the predicted communications link power from the SAA and click OK to continue.
Figure F-6 Communications Link Power Dialog
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13. Next the Weather Handicap dialog will be displayed. See Figure F-7. Enter the current
weather conditions at your terminal and click OK to continue.
Figure F-7 Weather Handicap Dialog
14. Next the Orderwire Link Power dialog will be displayed. See Figure F-8.
predicted orderwire link power from your SAA and click OK to continue.
Enter the
Figure F-8 Orderwire Link Power Dialog
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Appendix F
15. Next a Message dialog will be displayed. See Figure F-9. Read the instructions carefully
on each message dialog and perform the actions requested. Click the Next button to
continue.
Figure F-9 Message Dialog
Step 1: Please ensure TRANSMITTER is in STANDBY.
The toggle switch on the L3 HVPS must be set to STANDBY. This is to ensure that no spurious signals will be
transmitted to the satellite.
Step 2: Please ensure the MD1340 TRANSMIT ON indicator is EXTINGUISHED.
This is to ensure that the orderwire signal and not the communications carrier will be the first signal transmitted
to the satellite.
Step 3: Now that we are safe, point the antenna to your spacecraft.
If the antenna was not already pointed to the spacecraft, this is the time to do it. Use the look angle from the
SAA to assist you in locating the correct satellite.
Step 4: Tune Up Converter and Down Converters as specified by SAA.
Since the communications carrier and the orderwire carrier use the same Up and Down Converter, the
frequencies to input are the communications transmit and receive frequencies from the SAA. The RFMOW
orderwire modem will automatically be set to an offset value so that both modems can use the same
Converters.
Step 5: Start RFMOW software desktop.
Enter network data to include converter frequencies, network and subnet ID as specified by SAA into RFMOW
desktop as prompted.
If you are unsure what these values are, consult with your higher Headquarters or Satellite Controlling
Authority.
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Please refer to Chapter 4, section 4.2 of this document for assistance in navigating the RFMOW screens. Also
please refer to Chapter 5 of this document for assistance in troubleshooting problems that may arise.
Step 6: Ensure RFMOW demodulator indicates 'carrier detect'. If not, check your D/C.
This is the Carrier Detect lamp on the front of the orderwire modem. It will probably be an SDM-100/300A. If
there is no carrier detect, check the RFMOW software configuration to ensure that the FOW frequency is
correct and the Down Converter frequency is correct. Then check the Down Converter to ensure that the
setting is correct. If there is still no carrier detect, the most common cause is the antenna is pointed at the
wrong satellite.
Step 7: Ensure KIV-7 encryption is on key and update specified by COMSEC callout message.
One of the most common reasons for terminals being unable to join the RFMOW network is incorrect keying
material.
Step 8: Observe RFMOW desktop software RSL to indicate between -30 and -50 dBm.
The RSL indicator for the FOW is at the top of the RFMOW PC/Controller screen as shown in Figure F-10.
Figure F-10 RSL and Eb/No Level Indications
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Appendix F
Step 9: Once the NCT FOW is recognized by the RFMOW desktop, set the RFMOW output attenuator as
currently shown in the alignment diagram. See Figure F-11.
Figure F-11 RFMOW Output Attenuator
Step 10: Place transmitter into operate. Ensure transmitter output is directed to the antenna and not the
dummy load.
The RFMOW orderwire modem will not attempt to transmit at this time until login is selected at the RFMOW
desktop and the NCT (GMF Controller) opens an access window to allow terminals to content for access to the
network.
Step 11: Attempt to log on to RFMOW network.
This is done by selecting Menu=>Network=>Login at the main menu of the RFMOW desktop. The orderwire
modem will still not transmit until commanded to do so by the NCT. Watch the RFMOW orderwire modem. If
the transmit light goes on, then a message window should appear on the RFMOW desktop informing the
terminal operator that a terminal has just been granted the ROW.
Step 12: If successful, request permission to access comm carrier. If not successful, check attenuator
settings and uplink path.
See step 11 above. If successful, the operator should request a secure voice call on the RFMOW desktop.
Then real time feedback will be available from the NCT regarding the establishment of the communications
carrier.
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Step 13: If access to your comm carrier is granted, enable your MD1340 Transmit.
Step 14: Now, while observing the Klystron power meter, slowly decrease attenuation on U/C. When the SAA
predicted comm power is reflected on Klystron meter, coordinate final adjustments with control facility.
Step 15: Check with the control facility via the RFMOW for adjustment. Click the Finish button to close the
Message dialog.
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Appendix G
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APPENDIX G
RFMOW SOFTWARE OPERATION
G-1
OVERVIEW OF TERMINAL INITIALIZATION
This paragraph provides step-by-step procedures to power up the equipment and conduct normal network
operations. If the equipment is being started for the first time, then all initial operating parameters will have to
be provided. If the equipment has been previously powered up, then most of the basic operating parameters
have been saved to the PC/Controller hard disk. In either case, the power up procedure involves three steps:
applying equipment power and starting the RFMOW software in the PC/Controller, entering (or confirming)
basic network data via the Initialization Screen, and configuring (or confirming) the set-up of the terminal via
the Power and Frequency Configuration Screen.
G-2
CONTROL CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION
The link characteristics required to configure the control circuits (both the FOW and ROW) are internally stored
in the RFMOW software. These values are not expected to change over the lifetime of the RFMOW.
Fundamentally, both the FOW and ROW are operated as simplex links between the NT and the NCT. These
two links are characterized as Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) modulated, 1/2 rate Viterbi
encoded/decoded, scrambled, at a data rate of 9.6 Kbps.
G-3
POWER UP
The following sub-sections present the detailed steps on how to initialize the terminal through the software
screens.
Table G-1 NT Power Up
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Turn on the power to the Up Converter, Down Converter, Computer, and Interface Unit. Also ensure
that power is connected to the KIV-7 and the orderwire modems. The order in which power is applied
to the equipment is not significant. For computer login information consult the site’s system
administrator.
Ensure that the current key is loaded into the KIV-7. See the Embeddable KG-84 COMSEC Module
(KIV-7) User's Manual or the COMSEC manager for more information on loading the KIV-7.
If the KIV-7 has not been used with RFMOW previously or if the settings have changed, then verify the
settings per Appendix E. See the Embeddable KG-84 COMSEC Module (KIV-7) User's Manual or the
COMSEC manager for more information on configuring the KIV-7.
Enter the Communications Carrier (uplink) frequency from the SAA for this terminal into the Up
Converter that will be shared with RFMOW.
Enter the Communications Carrier (downlink) frequency from the SAA for this terminal into the Down
Converter that will be shared with RFMOW (Default setup for the AN/TSC-85D(V)1 and AN/TSC93D(V)1 have D/C 1 already cabled in).
If the orderwire modem has not been used with the RFMOW, ensure it is configured (Under the
System=>Utilities menu from the front panel of the SDM-300A) as follows:
a. REMOTE BAUD RATE: 9.600 bps NONE
b. REMOTE ADDRESS: 1
c. REMOTE TYPE: RS485 (2 WIRE)
If the Secure Voice Unit has not been used with the RFMOW or if the settings have been changed,
verify the configuration per Appendix E.
Perform the Alignment Procedure (see Appendix F). The Alignment Procedure will instruct the operator
to perform some operations that are included in subsequent paragraphs of this chapter.
When prompted to do so by the Power Balance/Alignment procedure, attempt to log on to the RFMOW
computer in accordance with the Unit’s SOP
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Appendix G
Table G-2 Executing the RFMOW Server and Client
1
Double-click the RFMOW Server Icon on the desktop. The Server screen will be displayed
(See Figure G-1).
2
Double-click the RFMOW Client Icon on the desktop. The Connect to Server screen will be displayed
(See Figure G-2).
If the Icons are not located on the Desktop take the following steps:
1
Select Start at the bottom left of the Microsoft Windows desktop.
2
Select Programs=>RFMOW=>RFMOW Server. The Server screen will be displayed
(See Figure G-1).
NOTE: Item 3 below can be executed on the same computer as the Server or on a computer connected to the
Server via a network.
3
Select Start=>Programs=>RFMOW=>RFMOW Client. The Connect to Server screen will be displayed
(See Figure G-2).
Figure G-1 Server (Executive) Screen
WARNING:
DO NOT CLOSE THE EXECUTIVE WINDOW AT ANY TIME DURING NORMAL
OPERATIONS. If desired, the window may be minimized using the minimize button at the top right-hand of
the screen (i.e. the underscore _ button).
G-3.1
Connect to Server
The first screen the operator will encounter when starting the client software is the Connect to Server Screen
(see Figure G-2). This screen allows the operator to specify which server to connect to as well as specifying
the Client ID. The following are the list of items that must be entered or verified.
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Figure G-2 Connect to Server Screen
Client ID: A name to identify the client when multiple clients are present. The Full Computer Name
will be filled in automatically by the RFMOW software.
Server Name: This is the name of the server to which the operator will connect. If the server resides
on the same machine then ‘localhost’ is an acceptable entry.
Table G-3 Connect to Server
1
If the name of the computer hosting the Server is displayed in the Server Name area, proceed to
step 2. Otherwise, choose Select and double click on the RFMOW Server displayed. The Server
and the Client may reside on the same computer.
2
Select Attach to attach the Client to the Server. The Network and Terminal Identification
Information screen will be displayed (see Figure G-3).
NOTE: Click the Quit button to close the Connect To Server screen without attaching to the server.
G-3.2
Initialization
The next screen the operator will encounter when starting the software is the Network and Terminal
Identification Information screen (see Figure G-3). Following the procedures is the list of items that must be
entered (or verified if the items are being defaulted to data stored in an existing configuration file).
Figure G-3 NT Network and Terminal Identification Information Screen
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Node Type and Identification: The mode selected must be compatible with hardware installed at the
node in order to complete the hardware initialization successfully. The term ‘Node’ is used here and
throughout this document to describe an RFMOW terminal/server of any type (e.g. NCT, ANCT, or
NT).
Terminal Type: Enter the modem type using the drop-down menu. For the AN/TSC-85D and 93D the
“SDM-100/300” selection will be used.
Satellite IRON: The satellite IRON is a 4 digit number used by the network.
Network ID: This is a string up to 10 characters long. This ID is found on the SAA immediately after
the IRON (e.g. EPAC, WPAC, etc).
Terminal Name: This is a name up to 10 characters long. The name should begin with a letter; the
remaining nine characters can be numbers, letters, or a dash (-). This usually will be provided in the
SAA.
Blue-ish colored square in the lower right-hand corner indicates how the software was installed on the
PC/Controller. This square should indicate “NT” for the AN/TSC-85D(V)1 and AN/TSC-93D(V)1 AT
ALL TIMES.
Table G-4 Basic Node Configuration.
1
Select the Node Type (NT) by clicking the corresponding radio button at the top of the screen.
2
Select the Terminal Type modem selection (SDM-100/300 for the AN/TSC-85D and 93D)
NOTE: Since the Node Type selected is NT, then AN/TSC-152 AND AN/USC-59 and AN/TSC-85D(V)1
AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1 are the only Terminal Types allowed. If the orderwire modem is an SLM-8650,
select AN/TSC-152 AND AN/USC-59, otherwise select AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1 regardless
of terminal type.
3
Enter the Satellite IRON, Network ID, and Terminal Name from the SAA.
4
Click the OK button. The RFMOW software will perform a diagnostic of the RFMOW hardware.
5
If this diagnostic is successful, the "Power and Frequency Configuration" screen will be displayed
(see Figure G-5). Otherwise, the RFMOW Error dialog will be displayed (see Figure G-4).
Proceed to Hardware Test Diagnostics, paragraph 4.2.3.3.
NOTE: To close the Network and Terminal Configuration Information screen without saving changes, Click
the Cancel button.
G-3.3
Hardware Test Diagnostics
After the Network and Terminal Identification Information Screen is closed, software will then execute a series
of built in hardware diagnostic tests to make sure that all hardware required for the selected terminal type is
present and functional.
If hardware is missing, not powered on, or fails to respond to a diagnostic command (e.g.- improper
configuration on the SDM-300A), a popup dialog similar to Figure G-4 will be presented to the operator
indicating which hardware failed its diagnostic tests. Proceed to Chapter 3 for Troubleshooting.
Figure G-4 Hardware Diagnostic Error Dialog
G-3.4
Power and Frequency Configuration Screen
The next screen the operator will encounter when initializing the software is the Power and Frequency
Configuration Screen.
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For an AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1 terminal type, the Power and Frequency Configuration
Screen (see Figure G-5) will be displayed. Table G-5 lists the names of the data entry fields on the screen,
and the definitions and valid ranges, for the data.
Figure G-5 AN/TSC-85D(V)1 and AN/TSC-93D(V)1 Power and Frequency Configuration Screen
Table G-5 Power and Frequency Configuration Screen Value Ranges
PARAMETER
Subnet ID
Frequency: U/C
Frequency: D/C
Frequency: FOW
Frequency: ROW
Modem Power: Control
Modem
Attenuator: AT1
Attenuator: AT2
Attenuator: AT3
Attenuator: AT5
Attenuator: Down Link AT
DEFINITION
RANGE
Subnet Identification
Up converter frequency
Down converter frequency
FOW receive frequency
ROW transmit frequency
Control modem output power
1-15 characters
7900 to 8400 MHz
7250 to 7750 MHz
7250 to 7750 MHz
7900 to 8400 MHz
-30 to -5 dBm
Attenuator
Attenuator
Attenuator
Attenuator
Attenuator
0 to 70 dB
0 to 70 dB
0 to 70 dB
0 to 70 dB
0 to 60 dB
The Turn Modem XMTR On/Off button is provided to allow the operator to manually verify that the
required control power will be achieved before attempting to enter the network. WARNING:
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Appendix G
Output of the terminal MUST be directed toward dummy load, and not toward the satellite,
before the operator may click this button. To verify the control link, set Ctrl Modem Pwr in the
Ctrl Modem PWR entry field. Then click the Turn Modem XMTR On button. This will turn on
the control modem (The button will now read Turn Modem XMTR Off). Proper control link
power can then be verified by measuring the link power at an appropriate point in the terminal
transmit chain, or by measuring the link power using a spectrum analyzer if the link is being
transmitted to the satellite. The link power can be changed by entering a new Ctrl Modem
PWR value and again pressing Set Ctrl Modem Pwr. The Turn Modem XMTR On button is a
toggle, and will now show Turn Modem XMTR Off. Press the button again to turn the control
link off. See Appendix F for detailed procedures for setting AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC93D(V)1 communications and control links.
Table G-6 Power and Frequency Configuration
WARNING: Pressing Turn Modem XMTR On will cause the control modem to transmit a 9.6 kbps
scrambled carrier at the ROW frequency. Ensure that the terminal antenna is not pointing at a
satellite or that the terminals transmit path is connected to a dummy load.
1
Whenever the server application is restarted, Control Modem power value is always reset to the
default of -15dBm. This ensures that the modem power is set to the value expected when the
power balancing/alignment procedure is performed and not some other value that may prevent the
terminal from entering the network. Change this value only if instructed to do so.
2
Enter the Subnet ID, the U/C frequency, the D/C frequency, the FOW frequency, and the ROW
frequency from the SAA.
NOTE: The secondary receive and secondary transmit frequencies (SRx and STx) will automatically be filled
in when the FOW is received and cannot be entered by the NT operator. SRx and STx are named from the
point of view of the NCT, so SRx is actually the secondary frequency that the NT will transmit at and STx is
the secondary frequency that the NT will receive at.
3
If the Attenuator values are known from the power balancing procedure, (see Appendix F), enter
the values into each field, otherwise proceed to step 4.
NOTE: The five (5) fields in the Attenuator (dB) window are only placeholders and are not used in any
calculations. They are also not used to automatically configure any equipment. They are a place for the
terminal operator to store the settings of the attenuator panel and the attenuator on the front of the klystron.
Then they may be retrieved from this screen if needed to reset the panel to known working values. They can
be left blank until after a successful power balancing/alignment is performed, but must be filled in at a later
time.
4
If all power, frequency, and subnet information is correct, select OK to continue. A hardware
configuration diagnostic will be performed.
5
If the diagnostic is successful, the "NT PC/Controller" screen will be displayed (see Figure G-9).
Otherwise, proceed to Chapter 5, Maintenance & Troubleshooting
G-3.4.1
Hardware Initialization Error Dialog
When the OK button is clicked on the Power and Frequency Configuration screen, the configuration
information will be used to initialize the RFMOW hardware. If the initialization is successful, the configuration
information is saved. The main screen will be displayed. If any error should occur, an error screen similar to
Figure G-6 will be displayed. The message in the error screen will explain the general nature of the problem.
Figure G-6. Hardware Initialization Error Dialog
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G-3.5
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Main Menu
The Main Menu (Figure G-7) is the starting point from which the operator can access the functions of RFMOW.
The operator can select the functions of RFMOW through the menu bar by using the mouse or using the <Alt>
key + the accelerated letter key can accomplish the same thing. Some menu items will automatically be
enabled and disabled depending on the configuration and current state of the terminal. Table G-7 provides an
explanation of the available functions that the operator will find on the menu bar.
Figure G-7 Main Menu
Table G-7 Main Menu Functions
MENU ITEM
ACTION
File: New
Allows the operator to create a new text document in a notepad window
File: Open…
Allows the operator to open a text file in notepad
File: Print Setup…
Opens the windows interface for printer settings
File: Send File…
Allows the operator to send a file via the RFMOW network
File: Cancel Send File
Allows the operator to cancel the ongoing sending of a file
File: Retrieve File…
Allows the operator to retrieve a file from the server and save it on the
local computer. This function is necessary when the RFMOW Client
does not reside on the same computer as the RFMOW Server.
File: Exit
Allows the operator to exit from the client
Client: Attach to Server
Allows the operator to attach to a server
Client: Detach from Server
Allows the operator to detach from a server
Client:
Control
Allows a control client to handover server control to a monitoring client
Handover
Server
Client: Request Control
Allows monitoring operator to request server control from the control
client
Server: Basic Configuration
Allows the operator to view the basic configuration when Server State is
in Standby (Network and Terminal Identification Information screen)
Server: Detailed Configuration
Allows the operator to view and make changes to the Power and
Frequency Configuration screen when Server State is in Standby.
Server: Disable Audio Alarm
Allows the operator to disable the audio alarm, this command will toggle
between disable and enable depending on the current state
Server: Enable Debug Logging
Allows the operator to enable logging of debugging log messages, this
command will toggle between disable and enable depending on the
current state. Enable will cause a large amount of information to be
continually stored to the hard drive. This can be very useful for
troubleshooting, but should be set to disable for operation under normal
conditions.
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Table G-7 Main Menu Functions
MENU ITEM
ACTION
Server: Send HW Command
Allows the operator to send raw commands to the modems. The NCT
may issue commands to the modems of any terminal in the network, but
NTs may only issue commands that affect their own modem. NTs may
also query information from any modem in the network.
Server: Built-in Tests
Allows the operator to test the hardware individually or all at once
Server: Stop Server
Allows the operator to bring the server down
Network: Login
Allows the operator of an NT to login to the network
Network: Login Cancel
Allows the operator of an NT, that is waiting to login, the ability to cancel
the login request
Network: Logout
Allows the operator of an NT to send a logout request to the NCT
Network: Status: Terminal
Allows the operator to view a summary of network nodes logged into
the network
Network: Status: Link
Allows the operator to view the status of the FOW and ROW links and
initiate actions on changing the parameters of the links
Network: Packet Statistics
Allows the operator to view the statistics of the packet transmissions
Message: Send and Display…
Allows the operator to open the screen where text orderwire messages
are read, created, received, and sent (This screen is the default screen
once the Client is connected to the Server).
Message: Open Archive…
Allows the operator to view archived text orderwire messages
Secure Voice: Request Call
Allows the operator to request a secure voice call
Secure Voice: Cancel Request
Allows the operator to cancel a request for a secure voice call
Event Log: Live Event Log
Allows the operator to view the current event log as it is built. To view
previous events, see Client Archives and Server Archives below.
Event Log: Client Archives
Allows the operator to open archived logs containing information
specific to the execution of the client program. Different clients
connected to the same server will store these local logs on the local
machine.
Event Log: Server Archives
Allows the operator to open archived logs containing information
specific to the execution of the server program. All information
regarding equipment status and network status is stored in the server
logs on the computer executing the server.
Window: Cascade
Allows the operator to see all of the function windows in a cascade
arrangement
Window: Tile
Allows the operator to view all function windows at once
Window: Arrange Icons
Allows the operator to organize the minimized function windows
Help: Help Topics
TBD
Help: About RFMOW
Displays a dialog with version information about RFMOW
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G-4
OPERATION UNDER USUAL CONDITIONS
G-4.1
Standby
When the terminal has been successfully configured, the RFMOW will enter the Standby state and the
PC/Controller Screen (see Figure G-8) will open. The "Server State:" at the top left of the Status Line will now
show STANDBY.
Figure G-8 NT PC/Controller Screen
As shown at the top of the screen, the window title contains the satellite IRON number, the network
identification (NetID), the terminal name (TermName), and terminal type (TermType). Beneath the title bar is
located the menu bar, the contents of which are described in paragraph G-1.3.5 (Main Menu). Beneath the
menu bar is the status line, which contains various information about the current status of the terminal, the
communications links, and the operation of the network. The content of the display is shown below in Figure
G-9 (NT Status Line), and a description of each of these items and their possible values are described in Table
G-8.
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Figure G-9 NT Status Line
Table G-8 NT Status Line Fields
LEGEND
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
Server State
IDLE
The server starts, binds to the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
port, and listens at the port waiting for client to connect and complete
initialization
STANDBY
The server is waiting for the operator to issue the login command or
is in the process of logging into the network
OPERATE
The server is participating in network activities and all the RFMOW
services are available
HOLD
The network is suspended by NCT (usually during the network
handover from NCT to ANCT, or NCT operator changes the TDMA
slot parameters)
DISCONNECTED
Terminal has been disconnected from the network
Control
Client has control privileges and access to all operator functions
Monitor
Client has monitoring privileges and access to limited operator
functions
-----
No data or state is available
NN.N
The current reading of the FOW Eb/N0
Max
The current FOW Eb/N0 reading is greater than 16.0dB
-----
No data or state is available
NNN.N
The current reading of the FOW RSL
Not Sync
No activity, not currently trying to log in, not logged in
Search
Searching for the FOW
Found
The FOW has been found
Normal
The network is in normal mode, measurements and transmitting can
take place
Access
The network is in access mode, NT’s transmitters are turned off so
other NTs can attempt a login
-----
No data or state is available
NN.N
Last reported reading of the ROW Eb/N0
-----
No data or state is available
Client Mode
FOW Eb/N0
FOW RSL
FOW State
ROW Eb/N0
ROW
FreqOffset
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Table G-8 NT Status Line Fields
LEGEND
ROW State
VO State
Send File
NCTName
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
NNN.N
Current reading of the ROW Frequency Offset
Mute
No activity
Logging in
Currently trying to log into the network
Logged in
Logged into the network and waiting for transition to Normal mode
Transmit
Transmitting in the network
Measure
Currently being measured
Rejoining
Currently rejoining the network
Inactive
There is currently no secure call activity
Requesting
A request for a secure call has been made
Queued
The secure call request has been queued, waiting for NCT to setup
call
Canceling
In the act of canceling a secure call request
Setting Up
NCT operator is setting up the secure call
Set Up
Secure call has been setup
Ending
Secure call is ending
Inactive
No outgoing file transfer is in progress
Sending
Outgoing file transfer is in progress
-----
No data is available at this time
<string>
The name of the NCT in the network
The next section of the screen is the Main Window. This area displays a variety of windows depending on
what function the operator is performing (e.g. sending orderwire messages, displaying the status of links,
displaying archives, etc.). The operator chooses a function by selecting it from the menu bar located at the top
of the window.
The bottom of the main window contains a few fields that are always present. One is for event log messages
that are displayed one at a time and the other is the Access Window timer. The event log can be viewed in full
by selecting that function from the toolbar. The dialog at the bottom of the screen is designed to give the
operator some feedback on what is currently happening. Example content would include error messages or
informational messages. The image of the phone at the bottom right hand corner of the screen will change to
indicate if the phone is on hook or off hook.
In the Standby state, terminal data can be changed as needed. At this point the operator will normally log into
the network.
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See paragraph G-4.2 (Network Login) for an explanation of the login process.
G-4.2
Network Login
NOTE: The procedures and programs for performing the power balancing/alignment for the AN/TSC-85D(V)1
AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1 terminals must be performed prior to accessing the network (see Appendix F, Power
Balance/Alignment Procedure). The power balancing procedure may include some of the steps listed below.
When an NT operator initiates network login, the equipment will attempt to acquire the FOW. The following is
an explanation of the steps to log into the network:
Table G-9 NT Network Login
NOTE: Any NTs configured properly will receive the FOW. The operator can determine this by checking the
Carrier Detect light on the front of the SDM-300A. If the light is on, a signal is being received at the FOW
frequency.
NOTE: Before a Login is attempted the operator should open the “Live Events Log” to verify communications
between the SDM-300A and the PC/Controller.
1
To login to the network, the NTs select Menu=>Network=>Login. At this time, the RFMOW software
will begin searching for the FOW. Once the FOW has been acquired, FOW Eb/N0 and RSL values
will be displayed in the Status Line. The countdown clock on the bottom right of the display labeled
“AW:” will indicate the time remaining before the next “Access Window is Open” message is
expected. If the counter is at 0, the network may be in access mode. To determine this, the operator
may check the FOW Status at the top of the screen. If the FOW State shows Access, an access
window has opened for this subnet. During the Access mode, the NCT software will automatically
rotate through all the defined Subnets in turn.
2
When the NT PC/Controller receives an “Access Window is Open” message, it will start the login
process. At some point (depending upon the number of other NTs attempting to log into the
network), the PC/Controller will indicate that it has acquired the ROW and will update the ROW state
on the Status Line to indicate that it is logging into the network. The “ROW Granted” dialog will be
displayed at all NTs (see Figure G-10). Select OK to close this dialog. The NT and NCT will then
automatically adjust power, frequency and network time.
3
If the ROW Granted dialog is received, proceed to step 4, otherwise refer to Chapter 5, Maintenance
& Troubleshooting.
4
If the NT terminal successfully logs into the network, the message “Login is completed successfully”
will be displayed in a popup message box at that NT (see Figure G-11). Select OK to close the
dialog. The ROW state in the Status Line will change to Logged in, and the Logout option on the
menu will be enabled. If the terminal was unable to log in to the network, execute the fault isolation
procedure in Chapter 5 (Maintenance & Troubleshooting) to correct the problem.
5
The NT terminal then waits until the NCT has closed the access window and has sent the updated
“TDMA Schedule” message. The NT then automatically updates the ROW State to Mute, the Server
State to Operate, calculates the time to wait for the beginning of its timeslot, and begins normal
network operations, at which time the NT box in the upper right corner turns green.
Figure G-10 ROW Granted Dialog
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Figure G-11 Login Successful Dialog
G-4.2.1
Login Multiple Clients
RFMOW allows for multiple clients to be attached to a single server within an RFMOW node (a node being a
single NCT, ANCT, or NT). Operators may start a client on any PC with RFMOW software installed, and
specify the name of the server on the local area network (LAN) to which they desire to connect. NOTE: All
clients MUST be configured in the same subnet. The first client connected to a server is designated the
Control client and is given all operator privileges. Any subsequent connecting clients are designated Monitor
clients and are given limited operator privileges. Control client privileges can be handed over from one client
to another. See Server Control Handover (paragraph G-1.5.8) for further information.
G-4.3
Operate State
When the terminal is in the Operate State, text and voice orderwire services are available. In addition, Power
and Frequency Configuration, Terminal Summary, Network Configuration, Event Log and Modem Control
screens are available through the menu. These menu options allow the operator to select the feature they
wish to view in the main window. The following paragraphs provide the procedures for composing and
sending text messages, requesting a secure voice call, viewing network parameters and maintaining network
operations.
G-4.3.1
Composing, Sending and Receiving Text Orderwire Messages
Anytime a text orderwire message is received the RFMOW icon in the task bar will flash until at least one of
the unread messages has been read. In the received list, unread messages are in blue text and read
messages are in gray. Messages are placed in the list chronologically sorted by the time stamp of when they
were sent. If an NTs TDMA slot is missed due to a ROW measurement or some other reason, messages may
appear in the list above previously received/read messages or out of the viewable display area. For this
reason, it is important to check the top of the window for the current number of unread messages. The
procedures for reading the messages, and for composing and sending a response are provided in the
following paragraphs.
G-4.3.1.1
Reading a Message
Table G-10 Reading a Text Orderwire Message
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To read a text orderwire message, open the Text Messages screen by selecting
Menu=>Message=>Send and Display from the Message menu bar. The Text Messages Screen will
open (see Figure G-12). The screen is divided into three sub-windows. The bottom sub-window is
where an operator composes a message. Newly arrived messages will be listed in the top subwindow and when they are selected they will be displayed in the middle sub-window. If portions of
the message are not visible, the contents of each sub-window can be scrolled. To scroll within a subwindow, click inside to activate the sub-window to be scrolled.
Then use either the
<up/down/PgUp/PgDn> keys or the scrollbar on the right to scroll the text up and down within the
sub-window. If an optional printer is attached, selecting the print button will cause the message
displayed in the Display window to be printed.
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Figure G-12 NT Text Messages Screen
The top sub-window displays all messages that have been received and sent from the local server. Messages
will remain in blue letters until read by the local client. All received and sent messages can be sorted in order
by the following; source, destination, subject, time sent, and urgency. RFMOW also has filtering capabilities
for messages. The operator can choose to filter messages by the checkbox next to the receive window. Once
a checkbox or a combo of buttons have been activated, clicking the refresh button will update the messages in
the receive window.
The middle sub-window is a display window for reading received messages. Text from messages can be
copied to the clipboard from this window, or the operator can print all messages or a selected message by
highlighting them and clicking the print button (if a dedicated printer is connected).
The bottom sub-window is a text editor used to compose an outgoing orderwire message. It supports
standard text editor functions, e.g., the insertion, selection and manipulation of text, word wrapping, and cursor
keys that allow the operator to move around the sub-window. The operator is provided with buttons for
creating a new message, replying to received messages, importing text files to the current message, sending
the current message, printing the message in the display window, canceling the creation of the current
message, and a destination button for obtaining a list of available nodes to send messages to (Figure G-13).
The operator may hand type the recipient in the address text box as well as selecting from the destination list.
The maximum capacity of a text message varies according to the length of the transmit time of the NT’s
timeslot. (An NT with a default time slot with 1045 milliseconds of transmit time will be have a maximum text
message length of 730 characters.) If the character limit is reached during message editing, a dialog will be
displayed to notify the operator. Similarly, when importing a file that will exceed the character limit, RFMOW
will notify the operator that the message length is over the limit and will import as much of the file as possible
without exceeding the limit. If the operator must send a message exceeding the size limit, he should use the
file transfer function described in paragraph G-4.3.3 (Sending and Receiving Files).
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Figure G-13 NT Destinations Screen
The SELECT ALL option can be used as a shortcut to choose all available destinations. The names preceded
by an asterisk (‘*’) represent favorite groups that can be managed using the Favorites Groups screen, which
can be accessed by clicking the ‘Favorites...’ button on the Text Messages Screen. For more information on
the Favorite Groups screen see paragraph G-4.3.1.5.
When the local server receives an orderwire message, the PC/Controller first determines whether or not that
local server is an addressee. If so, the local server saves the message to the message archive file and
forwards the message to all the clients connecting to it. The client then alerts the operator by giving an audio
bell, highlighting the text of the message in blue until opened, and flashing the RFMOW window for as long as
the message stays unread. The audio bell will sound until a message is read for an urgent message.
SELECT ALL messages require each receiving terminal’s software to automatically send an ACK to the NCT.
For each relevant incoming orderwire message, the receive sub-window displays the header of the message.
Messages not directed to the local server are ignored. When an urgent message is received a dialog box
(Figure G-14) will appear in the middle of the screen and the will not stop sounding until the dialog has been
closed.
Figure G-14 Urgent Message Dialog
G-4.3.1.2
Composing and Sending a Message
Table G-11 Composing and sending a message.
1
2
3
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To compose a message, within the Text Messages screen, click either the ‘New’ button or
select a message in the Message List text box and click the 'Reply' button in the bottom subwindow. Once a new message has been started the message fields become editable and
the message can then be entered. Normal editing functions can be used.
Either click the ‘Destination’ button to the right of the sub-window to choose recipients (Figure
4-64) or enter each recipient's terminal id in the 'To' text box separated by a comma. If the
Destinations dialog box is used, highlight each intended destination and then click OK when
done.
Tab to or click the Subject text box and type the message subject.
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4
Tab to or click the Urgent check box if the message is to be flagged as urgent. This will
cause the computer speakers (if present) at the recipient terminal to continue to beep until
the message is acknowledged.
5
Tab to or click the message body text box and enter the message. Unclassified messages
only are allowed. The operator will be prevented from entering a message longer than can
be transmitted in one TDMA slot.
6
When all desired destinations have been selected, the body of the message has been
finished, and the subject of the message has been entered, click the Send button to send the
message. The sent message will not appear in the Message List text box of an NT until the
terminal transmits in its TDMA slot.
NOTE: To cancel the current message without sending, click the Cancel button. Once the Send
button has been clicked, the Cancel button will have no effect.
Each node has SELECT ALL as an option on the destination list. Choosing SELECT ALL will enter the name
of every logged in node into the To: field. This requires the NT software to automatically send an ACK to the
NCT when the message is received. During the terminal’s next ROW TDMA slot (or as soon thereafter as
possible), the message will be sent to the NCT. If other NTs are designated recipients of the message, the
NCT will rebroadcast the message over the FOW to all terminals. The operators of the terminals addressed in
the message will be alerted that a new message has been received. The message will also appear in the
sender’s receive message sub-window, confirming that the message was successfully transmitted to the NCT.
Note that receipt of the returned message does not guarantee that all addresses received the message. If the
NCT cannot deliver the message to any addressed terminal within a fifteen (15) minute period, the source
terminal will be informed of the delivery failure.
G-4.3.1.3
Viewing Text Message Logs
All text messages received by a terminal are stored in message log files. The contents of a message log file
may be viewed in the message archive window found under messages in the toolbar. The Archived Text
Message Screen (Figure G-15) will appear with a list on the left side, a scrollable text box on the right, and a
series of buttons along the bottom. The operator can print, both the entire message and a selection, and can
save the log to a different location or a different name. All message log files are stored in the ‘MessageLogs’
directory, which is located at the RFMOW installation point. All message log files are stored under the name
‘msg_MMDDYYYY-TTTTTT.log’, where “MM” is the month, “DD” is the day, “YYYY” is the year, and “TTTTTT”
is the system time of when the log was created. Thus a message log with the filename of ‘msg_12302002th
113925.log’ corresponds to messages received on December 30 , 2002 and was created at 11:39.
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Figure G-15 NT Archived Text Messages Screen
Table G-12 Viewing Archived Messages
1
2
3
To display the Archived Text Messages screen (Figure G-16), select Menu=>Message=>Open
Archives.
To view a specific message log, select that message log from the Message Logs list and click the
Search button. The contents of the log will be displayed in the Message List text box.
To view a specific message in the Message List, click on that message. The message contents will
be displayed in the Message Display text box.
Table G-13 Filtering Messages From a Message Log
1
2
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An extensive filtering capability exists to allow only certain messages from a message log to appear
in the Message List. Search criteria can include any combination of Time/Date, Received,
Transmitted, Urgent, Node, and specific Text string.
To filter by any combination of the items listed above, select the check box located next to that item,
enter the Time/Date, Node, and Text string as desired and click the Search button. Only those
messages desired will be displayed in the Message List text box.
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A copy capability is also available for copying selected text segments from the open file into the compose subwindow of the Text Orderwire Screen. The operator also has the ability to print an entire log or just a selected
portion. The save button will allow the operator to save a message log to the local machine where the client
application is running with an option of choosing a different name and location.
G-4.3.1.4
Cut and Paste into the Compose Window
Text within a message log file can be copied into the compose window.
Table G-14 Cutting and pasting text.
1
2
3
To select text within the message file, move the cursor to the start of the desired text and highlight as
much as needed.
Right click and select copy to save the selected text to the clipboard.
After closing the file edit window, the text can be inserted into the text orderwire compose window by
placing the cursor at the desired insertion point and clicking paste from the right click drop down.
G-4.3.1.5
Favorite Groups
The Favorite Groups screen (see Figure G-16) allows the terminal operators to create mission addresses
using the SAA Mission Number or other logical mnemonic rather than always selecting terminal IDs.
Figure G-16 Favorite Groups Screen
Table G-15 Creating Favorite Groups
1
2
3
4
5
G-18
On the Text Messages screen, click the Favorites button to open the Favorite Groups screen (Figure
G-17).
Click the New button to create a new group.
Enter the new group name in the Enter Name field.
Enter the node name(s) into the text field and/or select node name(s) from the Nodes in Network list,
and click the ‘>>’ button for each node.
Click the Add button to store the new group.
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6
A group that is no longer needed can be removed by selecting the group from the Favorite Groups
list and clicking the Delete button.
7
An existing favorite group can be modified by selecting the group from the Favorite Groups list,
adding or removing nodes using the ‘>>’ or ‘<<’ button, respectively, and clicking the Update button.
NOTE: To close the Favorite Groups screen without making any changes, Select Cancel.
G-4.3.2
Requesting and Conducting a Secure Call
The NCT and the NT have the ability to make secure voice orderwire calls with each other. The procedures
for requesting a call, answering a call, and viewing secure voice call queue status are provided in the following
paragraphs.
G-4.3.2.1
Requesting a Call
Table G-16 Requesting a Secure Call
1
To request a call, select Menu=>Secure Voice=> Request Call from the main menu. The request will
be sent to the NCT and the NT will be put on a call queue waiting for a response from the NCT. A
message box containing the message “NT xxxx is queued for voice call”, where xxxx is the NT name
from which the request was sent, will be displayed to the NCT operator.
Table G-17 Canceling a Secure Call Request
1
If the NCT does not answer the voice orderwire request in a timely fashion, or for any other reason,
the NT can cancel the pending request from the queue by selecting Menu=>Secure Voice=>Cancel
Request from the main menu. The “Node <NT Name> has been removed from the voice call queue”
message dialog will be displayed at the NCT. The “VO request has been canceled” message dialog
(see Figure G-17) will be displayed at the NT. Select OK to close the dialog.
Figure G-17 Secure Voice Request Canceled Dialog
G-4.3.2.2
Call Setup and Answering
Table G-18 Receiving a Call
1
2
3
When the NCT attempts to call the NT, the NT will display the message “VO has been setup, please
wait for phone to ring” in a message box.
The NT operator must pick up the receiver on the secure voice unit when instructed, “Secure phone
is ringing, please pick up the phone” by a message box or when the secure voice unit begins to ring.
Picking it up before the message box appears may cause the call to fail.
When the secure call is complete, the call is terminated at either end by hanging up the receiver on
the secure voice unit.
WARNING: Picking up the STE handset during call setup will generally cause the call setup to fail. In
some cases the STE will also go into a failure mode. In the failure mode, no buttons on the face of the
phone, including the Reset button, will be functional. Should this happen, the phone must be turned
off and then back on. To turn the STE off and then on, remove and then replace the power cable
connected to the back of the secure voice unit.
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When the NCT operator has selected the destination NT for a call, the NCT PC/Controller will retune its
auxiliary modem to the network secure voice frequencies and command the NT PC/Controller to retune its
control modem to the network secure voice frequencies and the NT software to switch the Interface Unit A/B
switch from data to voice mode. When a link is successfully established for a AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC93D(V)1 terminal it will normally take 10-20 seconds. Once established a message popup box with the
message “VO has been setup, please wait for phone to ring” will be displayed to the NT operator, and an info
alert box with the message “VO has been setup, please pick up phone” will be displayed to the NCT operator.
When the NCT operator picks up his phone, the STEs will then begin their synchronization process. When the
phones have successfully synchronized, a “Secure phone is ringing, please pick up the phone” alert will be
displayed to the NT operator, the phone will ring, and the audio alarm located on the Interface Unit will ring if
enabled. The NT operator should pick up the hand set at this time to complete the call.
If the secure voice call link setup should fail for any reason, or should the NT operator pick up the phone
before it rings, both the NT and NCT operators will receive an alert with the message “Unable to establish
voice call”.
G-4.3.2.3
Viewing the Secure Voice Call Queue
Table G-19 Displaying the Terminal Status Screen
1
To display the Terminal Status screen, select Menu=>Network=>Status=>Terminal.
2
To close the Terminal Status Screen, click Close.
Terminals with a secure voice call queued, and the terminal currently involved with an active call (if any), can
be seen from the “VO” column on the right side of the Terminal Status Screen (see Figure G-18). If a call has
been requested by a terminal and queued, an “RQ” will appear in the list entry for the terminal. If a call is in
process, then an “AC” will appear in the list entry for the terminal conducting the call.
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Figure G-18 NT Terminal Status Screen
G-4.3.3
Sending and Receiving Files
The RFMOW provides the ability to send and receive files of any type. The time required for an NT to send a
file depends on the size of file, the number of NTs in the network, and the length of the ROW TDMA time slot.
G-4.3.3.1
Send File Screen
The Send File Screen (Figure G-19) is used by the operator to initiate a file transfer.
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Figure G-19 NT Send File Screen
Table G-20 Transferring a File
1
2
Display the Send File screen by selecting Menu=>File=>Send File from the main menu.
Either type the Terminal ID of the recipients into the Send To field or select terminals from the
Destination window by selecting Destination, clicking on the recipients, and selecting OK.
3
Click the Choose File button to select the file to be sent using the standard Microsoft Windows
“Open” file dialog.
NOTE: Files larger than 10KB should not be sent from an NT/ANCT via file transfer due to the limited
bandwidth inherent in the ROW TDMA structure. Larger files may be sent from the NCT since the FOW is
not subject to the same TDMA restrictions.
4
Click the Send button to initiate the file transfer. Once the file name and destinations have been
entered, the Send button will be sensitive and the operator can click it to initiate the file transfer.
5
Click the Close button to close the Send File Screen.
Once the file transfer has been initiated using the “Send” button, the ‘Send File’ status in the terminal status
bar will be changed from ‘Inactive’ to ‘Sending’. This status will be displayed until all file segments have been
transmitted into the network. While a file transfer is in the ‘Sending’ state, the “Send File...” menu option will
be disabled, and the “Cancel Send File” option will be enabled. This option allows the operator to cancel the
file transfer that is in progress. The file transfer occurs in the background. This does not prevent any other
actions from occurring at the NCT or NTs. Secure Voice calls and ROW measurements will take precedence
over file transfers and may cause file transfer delays.
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Once all file segments have been transmitted into the network, the operator will be informed of the completion
of the file segmentation and transmission, and will be allowed to initiate another file transfer if desired. All
destination nodes may not successfully receive the file immediately, since some nodes may be experiencing
communication degradations preventing immediate delivery. When a destination successfully receives the
complete file (all segments received error-free), a text orderwire message will be sent to the node originating
the file transfer, informing the sender of the successful delivery. This message can be viewed on the Text
Orderwire Screen along with other text orderwire messages received. Conversely, if a destination node
suffers an unrecoverable transmission failure before completion of the file transfer, the originator will be sent
an ‘Undelivered file’ text orderwire message with notification of the delivery failure.
When a destination node successfully receives the file, all operators attached to the node are notified that the
file has been received from the originator. Any or all operators on the destination node may retrieve the file by
using the “Retrieve File...” option on the “File” menu (see following paragraph).
G-4.3.3.2
Get File Screen
Figure G-20 NT Get File Screen
The Get File Screen (Figure G-20) is used by the client computer to retrieve a received file from the server
computer. This is necessary since files transferred to a node are stored on the server computer, not each
individual client.
When a file is received from the network, the file is stored in the ‘ReceivedFiles’ folder on the server computer.
If the client application is running on the same computer as the server, the Retrieve File function is not
necessary. If the server and client are running on separate machines, the Retrieve File function is used to
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transfer the received file from the server to the client computer. The “Files Received on Server” sub-window
above displays the contents of the ‘ReceivedFiles’ folder. When a file is retrieved from the server using the
above screen, it will not be removed from the ‘ReceivedFiles’ folder and will continue to be shown in the “Files
Received on Server” sub-window until it is manually deleted. This will allow all operators the opportunity to
retrieve and/or view the received file.
Table G-21 Retrieving a File from the Server Computer
1
2
3
4
5
Display the Get File screen by selecting the Menu=>File=>Retrieve File from the main menu.
Select the file to be transferred by clicking on the file in the "Files Received on Server" window.
Either type the destination manually or click on the Choose button to use the Microsoft Windows
‘Save As’ file dialog.
Once the desired file location has been entered, click the Get File button to copy the file from the
server's ‘ReceivedFiles’ folder to the chosen location.
Click Close to close this screen.
G-4.3.4
Viewing Network Data
Each operator can view the network data contained in the Terminal Status (see Figure G-24) and Link Status
(see Figure G-25) Screens. Each operator can also view his local Event Log (see Figure G-21). The following
paragraphs contain procedures for viewing and understanding this data.
G-4.3.4.1
The Event Log
The event log contains a time-stamped sequence of informational, error, critical, and (optionally, at the
operator's request) debug messages including all messages that are displayed in the Event window at the
bottom of the PC/Controller screen. The event log is useful in reconstructing prior operator actions, for station
logging purposes, and for detecting unusual or anomalous conditions. For example, if the log shows an
unusually high number of ROW TDMA receive failures for a particular terminal, then the terminal may have a
transmit problem.
G-4.3.4.1.1 Opening the Live Event Log
To open the current event log, select Live Event Log from the menu bar. The Live Events Screen will open
(see Figure G-22). The <up/down/PgUp/PgDn> keys or the scroll bar can be used to scroll through the log.
The operator can also filter which messages are to be displayed. The filters do not affect the archived event
logs; all events are still logged. To view events that occurred prior to opening the Live Event Log, view the
Archived Events. See paragraphs G-1.5.4.1.2 (Archived Events Screens) and G-1.5.4.1.3 (Opening an
Archived Event Log).
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Figure G-21 NT Live Events Screen
The Live Events Screen (Figure G-21) contains a scrollable window that displays the most recent event
messages. The operator can selectively choose to display one or more types of messages: the debug events,
the error events, the information events, or the critical events. The operator can chose to save or print part or
all of the displayed events.
Table G-22 Displaying, Filtering, Saving, and Printing the Live Event Log
1
2
Display the Live Events screen by selecting Menu=>Event Log=>Live Event Log on the main menu.
Select Debug, Info, Error, or Critical to choose the types of live event messages to be displayed. A
check mark next to an event type will cause that type of event to be displayed.
3
Click the Save As button to use the Microsoft Windows 'Save As' file dialog to save the filtered event
log.
4
Click the Print button to print the currently displayed Event Log window contents to the optional
printer.
NOTE: To close the Live Events window, click the Close button.
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G-4.3.4.1.2 Archived Events Screens
Figure G-22 NT Archived Server Events Screen
Events screen is used to view event logs for the client application as well as any event log file that the operator
has saved earlier. Either screen allows the desired log file, selected from the list on the left side of the
window, to be displayed inside the events window. When the View button is pressed, the text window will be
updated to show the contents of that log. The operator can filter on the different kinds of event messages to
be viewed. The checkboxes allow the operator to exclude any types of messages that are not desired by
deselecting the checkbox. The operator also has the ability to print an entire log or just a selected portion.
The save button will allow the operator to save the viewed event log to the local machine where the client
application is running with the option of choosing a different file name and location. The operator is not
allowed to delete any log files through the RFMOW application that are generated by RFMOW. Only those log
files created by the operator may be deleted. The RFMOW software will automatically delete log files when
the hard disk utilization exceeds 80%.
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Figure G-23 NT Archived Client Events Screen
The Archived Client Events screen is very similar to the Archived Server Events screen except that it has a
field for entering the directory path. This additional field gives the operator the ability to open up a previously
saved log file located in the directory he had chosen before. The operator is allowed to delete only the log files
that are previously saved by him.
G-4.3.4.1.3 Opening an Archived Event Log
Event logs are stored to disk and rollover when the size of the event log exceeds 5 MB and at midnight of each
day. At this time, the existing log file is saved and a new log file is opened. Both server event and client event
logs are archived. All event files are stored in the directory ServerLogs or ClientLogs, which are located at the
RFMOW installation point. All event logs are stored under the name xxxxxx_MMDDYYYY-TTTTTT.log’, where
“xxxxxx” is either ‘server’ or ‘client’, “MM” is the month, “DD” is the day, “YYYY” is the year, and “TTTTTT” is
the system time of when the log was created. Thus a message log with the filename of ‘server_12302002th
113925.log’ corresponds to a server event log written on December 30 , 2002 at 11:39:25 a.m.
The window will appear with a list on the left side, a scrollable text box on the right, and a series of check
boxes in the middle. The checkboxes allow the operator to view specific types of events in the log (e.g. if the
user wishes to view only critical and error events to isolate a problem). As with message logs, text within the
event log can be copied to the message compose window for inclusion in a text message if desired.
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NOTE: Event log files are not editable, and the operator does not have the ability to delete event logs using
the RFMOW software. Log files will be automatically deleted by RFMOW whenever the hard disk utilization
exceeds 80%. Log files may be deleted manually using Microsoft Windows.
Table G-23 Displaying, Filtering, Saving, and Printing the Archived Event Log
1
Display the Archived Server Events screen or the Archived Client Events screen by selecting
Menu=>Event Log=>Client Archive or Menu=>Event Log=>Server Archive on the main menu,
depending whether the server or client archive is to be displayed.
2
Select the server log to be displayed or the client log to be displayed from the Server Logs window or
the Client Logs window respectively.
3
Select Debug, Info, Error, or Critical to choose the types of live event messages to be displayed. A
check mark next to an event type will cause that type of event to be displayed. If debug logging has
not been previously enabled, no debug events will be saved to the log files and, therefore, will not be
displayed even if the Debug checkbox is selected.
To enable debug logging, select
Menu=>Server=>Enable Debug Logging from the main menu. To disable debug logging, select
Menu=>Server=>Disable Debug Logging from the main menu.
4
Click the View button to cause only the selected event types to be displayed in the event window.
5
Click the Save As button to use the Microsoft Windows 'Save As' file dialog to save the filtered event
log.
6
Click the Print button to print the currently displayed Event Log window contents to the optional
printer.
7
Select a log file and click the Delete button to permanently delete the log file from the computer.
NOTE: To close the Live Events window, click the Close button.
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G-4.4
Terminal Configuration
G-4.4.1
Local Terminal Configuration
Table G-24 Displaying the Power and Frequency Configuration Screen
1
Select Menu=>Server=>Detailed Configuration under the main menu to display the Power and
Frequency Configuration screen.
WARNING:
operations.
Turning an RFMOW modem on and off at inappropriate times will disrupt network
The current configuration of the local terminal can be viewed by selecting Detailed Configuration under Server
on the menu bar. The Power and Frequency Configuration Screen for the AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC93D(V)1 will open. If the terminal is in the Operate mode, the Turn Modem XMTR On/Off options will be
disabled (grayed out) to prevent the modem modulator from being turned on and off. In Standby mode, the
operator has the ability to make changes to power and frequency. Once changes have been entered, clicking
the OK button will make those changes in the network. In Operate mode, changes to the transmit power and
frequency must be made from the link entry on the Link Status window. See paragraph G-3.4 (Power and
Frequency Configuration) for more information.
G-4.4.2
Viewing the Network Terminal Status
Table G-25 Displaying the Terminal Status Screen
1
Select Menu=>Network=>Status=>Terminal from the main menu to display the Terminal Status screen.
NOTE: To close the Terminal Status screen without making any changes, Select Close.
Summary information on the other terminals currently logged into the network can be viewed by opening the
Terminal Status Screen (see Figure G-24). This screen shows the name and type of all terminals in the
network as well as the current transmit and receive frequencies.
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Figure G-24 NT Terminal Status Screen
The terminal parameters are displayed in Table G-26 as follows:
Table G-26 Terminal Status Screen Fields
Parameter
Description
Node Name
Name of the terminal
Type
Type of the terminal (WSOC, AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1, or
AN/TSC-152 AND AN/USC-59)
Subnet ID
Name of the subnet the node belongs to
U/C
Up converter frequency of the terminal in MHz
Data TxIF
Modem transmit IF frequency for data in MHz
SV TxIF
Modem transmit IF frequency for secure voice orderwire in MHz
D/C
Down converter frequency of the terminal in MHz
Data RxIF
Modem receive IF frequency for data in MHz
SV RxIF
Modem receive IF frequency for secure voice orderwire in MHz
VO
Voice orderwire status of terminal - “AC” indicates active, “RQ” indicates a
request to use the VO has been queued
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Table G-26 Terminal Status Screen Fields
Parameter
Description
ROW
An “*” indicates which terminal is currently transmitting the ROW. A “D”
indicates that that status of the terminal currently owning the ROW time slot is
DISCONNECTED but not logged out of the network
ROW Meas
An “*” indicates the terminal whose ROW is currently being measured by the
NCT
The IF frequencies are computed based upon the difference in the terminal converter frequency and the
network frequency. For example, if the WSOC up converter is set to 7900.0000 MHz and the required FOW
transmit frequency is 7905.0000 MHz, then the Data TxIF frequency for the WSOC will be 75.0 MHz, that is, 5
MHz above the normal 70 MHz output frequency. This is the IF frequency that the WSOC control modem
modulator will be set to. The control modem IF 5 MHz offset corrects for the up converter frequency setting,
which is 5 MHz below the required FOW transmit frequency.
The control modem transmit modulator IF frequency can be set in +/- 2.5 kHz steps. Under automatic
frequency control, the modem modulator will be adjusted in these steps to compensate for frequency errors in
the terminal transmit and receive chains. The screen does not provide adequate space to list the IF frequency
to this resolution, so the listed frequencies are rounded.
G-4.4.3
ROW TDMA and ROW Measurement Sequencing
The sequencing of terminal ROW TDMA transmissions, and the sequencing of ROW measurement by the
NCT, can be viewed on the Terminal Status Screen.
Under the ROW column to the right of the screen, an “*” will appear in the list entry for the terminal currently
transmitting a ROW TDMA burst. If a terminal is currently in the Disconnect mode (see paragraph 4.2.6,
(Disconnect)), the ROW column for that terminal will display a “D” instead of an “*”. Under the ROW Meas
column, an “*” will appear in the list entry for the terminal whose ROW transmission Eb/N0 and frequency is
currently being measured by the NCT. If the network is in the Access mode, then no TDMA slot transmission
will be shown, although the ROW measurement will continue.
Should a scheduled ROW TDMA transmission slot occur while a terminal’s ROW Eb/N0 and frequency is being
measured by the NCT’s auxiliary modem, the terminal will not transmit during its slot. This is normal operation
and will not cause a disconnect condition. To ensure that a terminal has adequate opportunities to transmit
any status, control or text orderwire messages while ROW measurements are occurring, when the network
consists of a small number of terminals, the software will insert additional time to separate sequential ROW
measurements.
G-4.4.4
Control Link Status
To view current FOW and ROW link status, open the Link Status Screen (see Figure G-25).
Table G-27 Displaying the Link Status Screen
1
2
Select Menu=>Network=>Status=>Link to display the Link Status screen.
Select a ROW Link and then select the Modify Tx Parameters button to display the Control Modem
Tx Parameters screen.
3
Select a FOW Link and then select the Modify Link Parameters button to display the Link Parameters
screen.
NOTE: Select the Close button to close the Link Status screen.
Although there is only one FOW broadcast link from the NCT to the network, an individual FOW link entry is
shown for each terminal. This allows FreqErr, RSL, and Act Eb/N0 values to be shown as measured by each
NT and reported sequentially to the NCT during each NT’s TDMA slot transmission. The ROW FreqErr, RSL,
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and Act Eb/N0 values are those measured by the NCT using the auxiliary modem when a secure voice call is
not being conducted.
Some ROW link information will be shown in red if the NCT has been unable to measure the ROW link
parameters (frequency error, RSL and Eb/N0) after five sequential attempts. This means that the data shown
is old or out of tolerance.
Figure G-25 NT Link Status Screen
The Link Status Screen (Figure G-25) displays the status of all active control links in the network. The display
is divided into FOW links and ROW links. A FOW link entry is included for each NT in the network. The
purpose of this is to display the FOW related data unique to that NT. The Link Status screen fields are
described in Table G-27.
Table G-28 Link Status Screen Fields
PARAMETER
DESCRIPTION
Name
AFC
The name of the link is the terminal name
A “Y” appears in this column if Automatic Frequency Control (AFC) for the ROW link
is enabled, a “N” appears if AFC for the ROW link is disabled, and a “- “ appears for
all FOW links
The transmission frequency correction in Hz that has been set within the control
modem to compensate for frequency inaccuracies in the earth terminal equipment
The residual error in Hz between the corrected frequency and the actual frequency
Freq Offset
Freq Error
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Table G-28 Link Status Screen Fields
PARAMETER
DESCRIPTION
APC
A “Y” appears in this column if Automatic Power Control (APC) for the ROW link is
enabled, a “N” appears if APC for the ROW link is disabled, and a “-“ appears for all
FOW links
The transmit power of the source modem of the link in dBm (measured, not operator
entered)
The Receive Signal Level in dBm obtained from the destination modem
A minimum Eb/N0 threshold, in dB, set for alarming purposes
The measured Eb/N0 value of the link at the destination modem in dB. This will be
displayed as MAX if the value is greater than 16.0 dBm due to modem limitations.
A maximum Eb/N0 threshold, in dB, set for alarming purposes
The Corrected Bit Error Rate of the link obtained from the destination modem
Mod Pwr
RSL
Min Eb/N0
Act Eb/N0
Max Eb/N0
BER
For a FOW link, the Frequency Error, RSL, Act Eb/N0, and Corr BER entries on this screen are the values that
are measured by each NT in the network and reported to the NCT. For a ROW link, these values are
measured by the NCT’s auxiliary modem as a part of the normal background ROW measurement process.
Automatic Frequency Control (AFC) only applies to ROW links. If a “Y” is set for a ROW link, then the offset of
the NT’s control modem transmit frequency will be automatically adjusted to minimize the error between the
actual received frequency and the expected frequency each time the NCT performs a ROW measurement of
the NT’s ROW. The Frequency Offset field will be updated anytime the offset is adjusted to correct for any
frequency error; the Frequency Error field shows any residual error. For the SDM-300A modem used in
RFMOW, the modulator frequency can only be set in +/- 2.5 kHz increments. Therefore, the Frequency Offset
will always be in increments of 2.5 kHz, and any remaining Frequency Error will be within +/- 1.25 kHz. To
ensure efficient ROW operation, the NCT should receive ROW signals with a minimum frequency error.
During login, ROW transmit frequency is automatically adjusted to minimize any frequency error. If enabled,
AFC will maintain this error within +/- 1.25 kHz during normal operations. Since an NT, once logged into the
network, continuously tracks the FOW, a slowly changing FOW frequency error will not affect normal network
operations.
Automatic Power Control (APC) only applies to ROW links. A “Y” set for an NT ROW link will cause the NCT
to automatically adjust the NT’s control modem modulator power such that the ROW Eb/N0 is maintained at the
required value. If the terminal is found to be peaked up on the satellite and the automatic adjustment of the
modem’s modulator power level reaches either limit of the possible settings, the terminal operator will be
informed and will have to follow the power balancing/alignment procedure in Appendix F (Power
Balancing/Alignment Procedure) to reconfigure the terminal attenuators external to RFMOW.
Mod Power is the current output power of the terminal’s control modem modulator. The same value will be
shown for all FOW links representing the control modem modulator setting at the NCT. If APC is enabled for a
ROW link, the value for that link will change as link adjustments are made to compensate for rain fades,
antenna-tracking errors, or other problems that affect link quality.
RSL, Act Eb/N0 and Corrected Bit Error Rate (CBER) values are gathered from the modem on the receive side
of the link. They provide the operator with information about the “quality” of the link and are used when the
operator is responsible for manually adjusting the transmitting modem’s power level. The Eb/N0 provides some
feedback on what is happening on the link (e.g., if the Eb/N0 starts to drop, then perhaps the satellite antenna
is no longer tracking the satellite properly or the link is experiencing rain fade). The CBER also provides the
same sort of feedback. The Receive Signal Level gives feedback on the strength of the received signal. It is
possible for the Eb/N0 of the signal to be acceptable and for the RSL to be too low. If the RSL is close to the
lower limit of the modem (typically -55 dBm), then even though the signal is error free (a high Eb/N0), the
dynamic range of the modem may be exceeded and the lock on the carrier may be lost.
Min and Max Eb/N0 are operator settable values (see Figure G-26). Should the Act Eb/N0 for a link fall outside
these thresholds, the link entry on the Link Status Screen will turn red. Both an NT and NCT operator can
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independently set these thresholds. These independent thresholds apply only to the Link Status screen of the
local terminal.
Figure G-26 FOW Link Parameters Screen
Figure G-27 ROW Link Parameters Screen
AFC, APC and Min and Max Eb/N0 values may be changed by scrolling the link selection highlight to the
desired link and pressing the Modify Link Parameters button at the bottom of the Link Status Screen. The
Figure G-28 – ROW Link Parameters Screen contains check boxes that are disabled to the NT operator. The
screen also contains entry fields to allow changing of Min and Max Eb/N0 values.
Figure G-28 ROW Control Modem Tx Parameters Screen
Frequency Offset and Mod Power values, when not being automatically maintained, can be manually set by
pressing the Modify Tx Parameters button at the bottom left of the Link Status Screen. The Control Modem Tx
Parameters dialog that appears (Figure G-28) contains entry fields to allow changing the control modem
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modulator power and the link frequency offset.
transmitted from the terminal will be modifiable.
G-4.4.5
Since the terminal is an NT, then only the ROW link
Manually Commanding and Viewing Modem Status
Command messages sent by the PC/Controller to the control and auxiliary modems, and response messages
sent from the modems to the PC/Controller can be viewed on the Send Native Hardware Command Screen
(see Figure G-29). The current commands being issued by the terminal operator and their results are
displayed as they occur. Any terminal can change the operating parameters of its own modem(s); only the
NCT operator can modify parameters of other terminals’ modems. Any terminal can also view modem status
from other terminals.
Figure G-29 Send Native HW Command Screen
Table G-29 Sending Native Hardware Commands
1
Select Menu=>Server=>Send HW Command on the main menu to display the Send Native
Hardware Command screen.
2
Select the terminal whose modem will be issued a command by clicking on the terminal name in
the Terminals window.
3
Select the modem to be commanded from the Hardware window. NTs cannot issue commands to
the local down converter since it is not controlled by the RFMOW system. No auxiliary modem is
present in the NT terminal configuration.
4
Enter the modem command in the Command field. The commands for the specific modem used in
the terminal can be found in the user's manual for that equipment (see Appendix A - References).
5
Click the Send button to issue the command to the equipment. The response from the modem will
be displayed in the Response window. If the NT issues a command to a remote terminal, a
response will not be displayed until the response is transmitted to the NCT from the remote terminal
during its TDMA slot.
NOTE: To close the Send Native Hardware Command screen, click the Close button.
NOTE: The RFMOW always precedes a command sequence with a command placing the modem in the
remote control mode. If the operator attempts to place the modem in the local mode from the modem front
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Appendix G
panel controls, the next RFMOW command will place the modem back into the remote mode. If it is necessary
to manually command a modem, the RFMOW should be in the Idle or Standby states.
G-4.5
Maintaining Network Operations
The following paragraphs provide the procedures for adjusting the various network-operating parameters to
maintain proper network operation.
G-4.5.1
Turning Interface Unit Audio Alarm On and Off
Table G-30 Turning On and Off the Interface Unit Audio Alarm
1
2
If the audio alarm is currently set to on (default), select Menu=>Server=>Disable Audio Alarm to turn
it off. This will prevent critical alarms from sounding the interface unit audio module.
If the audio alarm is currently set to off, select Menu=>Server=>Enable Audio Alarm to turn it on.
This will enable critical alarms to sound the interface unit audio module.
The menu label will change to reflect the new state of the audio alarm.
G-4.5.2
Monitoring and Maintaining the Control Links
See paragraph G-1.5.5.4 (Control Link Status) for information on opening the Link Status screen.
The maintenance of the control links (FOW and ROW) for the RFMOW network is the responsibility of the
NCT. NT operators at the request of the NCT can assist these activities.
Link frequency offset, transmit power and Min and Max Eb/N0 alarm values can be changed from this screen.
Follow the adjustment procedure for the desired parameter in the following paragraphs.
Note that the NCT can change link parameters for all links, that is, the FOW and all ROWs. An NT can only
change link parameters for his ROW link although he can see the parameters for all links.
G-4.5.3
Manually Adjusting Control Modem Power During Operation
Table G-31 Manually Adjusting Control Modem Power During Operation
1
From the Link Status screen select the link to be modified from the ROW Links window.
NOTE: NTs may view any link transmit power, but will only be allowed to change the local control modem
transmit power. The NCT may change the transmit power on any control or auxiliary modem. ANCTs will
only be allowed to change the local control and auxiliary modem transmit power.
2
Click the Modify Tx Parameters button. This will open the Control Modem Tx Parameters screen
(Figure G-31).
3
Enter the new Modulator Power and/or Modulator Freq. Offset in the appropriate field.
4
Click OK to command the modem to the new values.
NOTE: To close the Control Modem Tx Parameters dialog without making any changes, click Cancel.
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Figure G-30 Control Modem Tx Parameters Screen
The ROW control links require relatively low terminal transmit power. As a result, if the terminal has been
configured properly, the control modem output power should be around - 15 dBm. The maximum output
power is - 5 dBm, so adequate adjustment margin should be available to compensate for weather changes of
3-6 dB.
WARNING: Care must be taken to ensure that the total power into the control link up converter is below the
converter’s maximum linear operating point. In the AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1 terminals, the
converter is shared with a communications link. Overdriving the converter input will result in intermodulation
signals being generated in the converter and transmitted to the satellite. These signals can interfere with other
communications signals on the satellite. Correct operation can be ensured at the NT by performing the
alignment procedure (see Appendix F).
G-4.5.4
Manually Adjusting ROW Link Frequency Offset
The ROW Link Frequency Offset may be changed by the operator. This will allow the operator to compensate
for equipment inaccuracies.
Table G-32 Manually Adjusting ROW Link Frequency Offset During Operation
1
From the Link Status screen select the link to be modified from the ROW Links window.
NOTE: NTs may view any link frequency offset, but will only be allowed to change the local control modem
frequency offset.
2
Click the Modify Tx Parameters button. This will open the Control Modem Tx Parameters screen
(Figure G-31).
3
Enter the new Modulator Power and/or Modulator Freq. Offset in the appropriate field.
4
Click OK to command the modem to the new values.
NOTE: To close the Control Modem Tx Parameters dialog without making any changes, click Cancel.
G-4.5.5
Setting Min and Max Eb/N0
Min and Max Eb/N0 values only apply to the local terminal. Therefore, both an NT operator and an NCT
operator can set independent values for the same ROW or FOW link.
Table G-33 Setting Min or Max Eb/N0 Alarm Thresholds for a Link
1
2
Highlight the desired link on the Link Status Screen.
Click the Modify Link Parameters button. The Link Parameters screen will open (see Figure G-27
and G-28).
3
Enter the new values in the desired fields.
4
To close the dialog and save the new value(s), click the OK button at the bottom of the dialog. The
values will be saved and the dialog will close.
NOTE: To close the dialog without saving the values, select the Cancel button.
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Appendix G
Detach from Server/Stop Server
A control client has the ability to stop the server from the client. A new server can then be started and the
already running client can then be attached to it. The server should not be stopped during normal network
operation. Rather, the operator should logout from the network before stopping the server.
Table G-34 Detach from Server/Stop Server
a. Stopping the server
The control client must select Menu=>Stop Server from the main menu. Before stopping the server,
the operator will be notified of other clients connected to that server.
b. Detaching from the server
NOTE: Both monitor and control clients can detach from the server.
1
Select Menu=>Client=>Detach from Server on the main menu. If the control client is detaching, a
server control handover is performed provided other clients are attached to the server (see next
paragraph).
1
NOTE: If the server is accidentally stopped, the RFMOW client software will continue to run, but since the
client is connected to the network via the server, the client will be effectively detached from the network.
Restarting the server and reattaching the client quickly may allow an NT to continue network operations
without logging back in.
G-4.5.7
Server Control Handover
As noted in Login Multiple Clients (paragraph G-4.2.1), multiple clients (one control client and any number of
monitoring clients) may be attached to a server at one time. The capability to control the server is given only
to the Control client, but can be exchanged between clients by two mechanisms. There can be many Monitor
clients at one time, but there is only one Control client for each server.
Table G-35 Server Control Handover
a. Transferring server control to a monitor client
At the control client, select Menu=>Client=> Handover Server Control on the main menu. A list of
available clients will be displayed that are ready to assume control.
2
Select a client from the list.
3
Click the Select button to transfer control.
NOTE: To close the screen without transferring server control, Select Cancel.
b. Requesting server control from the control client
1
At the monitor client, Select Menu=>Client=>Request Control on the main menu. The operator of the
control client will be prompted for permission to transfer control to the requesting monitoring client.
Only the menu option corresponding to the requesting client will be sensitive for operator selection.
2
At the control client, select Yes or No depending on whether you should relinquish the control client.
1
G-5
OPERATION UNDER UNUSUAL CONDITIONS
G-5.1
Disconnect
If an NT loses the FOW or an NCT fails to receive ROW transmissions from an NT, the NT will be put into the
DISCONNECT state. The DISCONNECT state is in effect a hold condition pending correction of the FOW or
ROW problem. If the condition is corrected in less than 15 minutes, the NT in general will be able to resume
normal operations without requiring a login and all interrupted text messages will be delivered. Conversely, if
the problem persists for longer than 15 minutes, the NT operator will have to manually log back into the
network. Any pending messages addressed to the DISCONNECTED NT will be undelivered and the senders
of the messages will be notified that the message was undeliverable.
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G-5.1.1
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Entering and Recovering from the DISCONNECT State
The state of an NT will change to DISCONNECT if any of the following conditions occur:
a. The FOW signal is lost, that is, the NT control modem demodulator loses synchronization for a period
of 1 minute.
b. The network is in the Operate mode but no valid messages from the NCT are received over the FOW
for a period of 1 minute.
c.
The NCT does not receive a ROW TDMA transmission from the NT for a period of 1 minute plus two
consecutive TDMA frames.
NOTE: See Chapter 3 for troubleshooting procedures.
The loss of the FOW (cases a. and b., above) can be caused by either a local FOW receive problem at the NT
or a FOW transmit problem at the NCT. In either case, when the NT detects a loss of FOW condition, it will
cease any ROW TDMA transmissions, place itself in the DISCONNECT state and, popup an alert message to
the operator.
Failure of the NCT to receive any ROW transmissions (case 3) from an NT can be caused by a local transmit
problem at the NT, a receive problem at the NCT, or will result if the NT ceases ROW transmission due to a
FOW transmit problem at the NCT. In any of these cases, the NCT will send a message to the NT placing it in
the DISCONNECT state. An alert message will be displayed to the operator on both the NCT and the NT.
If the NT operator is alerted that the local terminal has been placed in the DISCONNECT state by the NCT due
to loss of ROW, then the FOW is still being received and the problem is either a local NT transmit failure or
NCT receive failure. The NT operator should take immediate action to determine and correct any local
transmit problem.
If the NT operator is alerted that the local terminal has placed itself in the DISCONNECT state due to loss of
FOW, then the problem is either an NCT transmit failure or local receive failure. The NT operator should take
immediate action to determine and correct any local receive problem.
If this condition persists for 15 minutes, the NCT and the NT will automatically log the NT out of the network.
To rejoin the network, the NT operator must follow the normal login procedure (see paragraph G-4.1, Network
Login). In order to recognize a network membership change during a disconnect outage, the NT waits for the
next “Bulletin Board” message, which contains the schedule start time. If the problem is corrected in less than
15 minutes, then the NT will automatically rejoin the network without requiring operator action and any stored
text orderwire messages destined to the NT will be delivered. If the network membership has not changed
during the Disconnect outage, then the current network TDMA frame will be unchanged; the NT can simply
start transmitting its ROW transmission in its assigned TDMA slot. If the network membership has changed,
the NT will have to wait for a TDMA Schedule message to determine the location of its new TDMA slot. It can
then begin transmitting its ROW in its new assigned slot. If the network switches to access mode before the
NT has successfully recovered, the NT will attempt to re-login during the access window. This will prevent the
NT from being automatically logged out of the network by the NCT, in the case that it’s disconnect time
exceeds 15 minutes during the access window.
G-5.1.1.1
NT Recovery from Loss of ROW or FOW
If a FOW transmit failure occurs at the NCT, then all NTs in the network will detect the loss of FOW and revert
to the DISCONNECT state. In this state, they will cease transmitting the ROW in their assigned TDMA slots.
Should this happen, or should an NCT ROW receive failure occur, the NCT, after receiving no NT ROW
transmissions for a period of 1 minute and two consecutive TDMA frames, will put all NTs in DISCONNECT
state and alert the NCT operator. The NCT will continue to attempt to receive ROW messages. If no ROW
transmissions are again received from any NTs for 15 minutes, the NTs are logged out, and the operator will
again be alerted. The NCT will then enter Access Mode and wait for the NTs to log back into the network. The
NT operator should take immediate action to determine and correct any local transmit or receive problem(s).
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Appendix G
G-5.2
Terminal Logout
G-5.2.1
Logging Out of the RFMOW Network
Logout is applicable to an NT only.
Table G-36 Logging out of the Network
1
2
3
4
5
G-5.2.2
Select Menu=>Network=>Logout from the main menu. When the logout is selected, a Logout
Request message is sent to the NCT.
At the NCT, if the logout lock has been selected for the NT, then select Yes or No to approve or
disapprove the NT's logout request. If logout lock has been deselected, no NCT approval is
necessary.
At the NT, if the logout was approved, then the terminal will logout and the terminal state will be set to
Standby.
At the NT, if the logout was not approved, a message box will appear giving the operator the choice
to log out anyway. If the NCT has not given permission to logout, then only under extreme
circumstances should the NT operator choose to logout. If Yes is selected, logout will occur. If No is
selected, normal network operations will resume.
If no response is received from the NCT, the operator on the NT is given the option to force a local
logout.
NT Emergency Logout
All NT logouts follow the method described in the above paragraphs. If the NT does not receive a response
from the NCT within a reasonable time period, or if the NCT operator denies the logout request, the NT
operator is given the option of force logout from the network. This allows the NT to shutdown his equipment in
an emergency situation when communication with the NCT has been lost.
WARNING: The NT operator should perform a forced logout only if the terminal must be immediately
shutdown, or if the RFMOW software has failed in an apparently non-recoverable, but still executing,
state. To rejoin the network, the operator must perform a normal login. The re-login attempt will be
made during the next access window.
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Appendix G
G-5.3
Additional Functions
G-5.3.1
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Figure G-31 Packet Statistics Screen
The Packet Statistics screen (Figure G-31) gives the operator some feedback on the efficiency of the packet
transmissions on each receive link. For the NCT it shows the packets statistics for each of the NTs logged into
the network. When packet statistics are viewed on an NT node, only one set of statistics will be seen since all
packets are received from the NCT.
Table G-37 Viewing Packet Statistics
1
2
To view packet statistics, select Menu=>Network=>Packet Statistics. The Packet Statistics screen will
be displayed.
Click OK to close the Packet Statistics screen.
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Appendix G
Information Message Boxes
Figure G-32 Information Message Box
An information message box such as shown in Figure G-32 will pop up anytime the operator makes an error in
entering data into a data entry field, confirmation of an action is required, or there is a need to provide
information to the operator. For a confirmation message, Yes and No buttons will allow the operator to confirm
the specified action.
G-5.3.3
Error Message Boxes
Figure G-33 Error Message Box
An error message box such as shown in Figure G-33 will pop up anytime RFMOW encounters an error. For
error boxes, an OK button allows the box to be closed.
G-5.3.4
Alert Message Boxes
Figure G-34 Alert Boxes
An alert box such as shown in Figure G-34 will pop up anytime an event occurs that the operator should be
aware of, or if the operator needs to take action. If the alert is urgent, the entire box will blink. Alert boxes are
used to notify the operator of key network events such as a terminal login, receipt of an urgent text message or
a secure call setup. They are also used to notify the operator of failure events such as the loss of the FOW
signal. The alert box will include an OK button with which the operator may dismiss the dialog from the
screen.
G-5.3.5
Manually Saving and Deleting Log Files
Log files can grow rapidly in size and number particularly if debug logging is enabled. This may require
periodic manual log file and hard disk maintenance by the terminal operator.
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Table G-38 Saving Log Files to an External Medium and Deleting them from the Hard Disk
1
Determine the external medium on which to save the log files. This could be any of a number of
choices including floppy disk, CD-R, DVD-R, USB jump drive, etc.
2
Insert/attach the external medium to the computer.
3
Select “My Computer” from the Windows desktop by double clicking on it with the mouse.
4
Use the mouse to navigate to C:\H\RFMOW\BIN on the hard disk. There will be three directories
containing RFMOW log files within the C:\H\RFMOW\BIN directory. They are named “ServerLogs”,
“ClientLogs” and “MessageLogs”. Refer to the Windows Reference Manual or Microsoft.com for more
information on Windows navigation.
NOTE: The default installation directory for RFMOW is C:\H\RFMOW\BIN. If the RFMOW was installed in a
different directory, the log file directories will be found in that directory.
5
Use the mouse to navigate to the “MessageLogs” directory.
6
Select the files to be saved. Refer to the Windows Reference Manual or Microsoft.com for more
information on selecting files.
7
Copy the files to the desired medium. Refer to the Windows Reference Manual or Microsoft.com for
more information on copying files.
8
Now that the log files have been saved, delete them from the “MessageLogs” directory. Also be sure to
empty the Recycle Bin on the Windows Desktop. Refer to the Windows Reference Manual or
Microsoft.com for more information on deleting files and emptying the Recycle Bin.
NOTE: The message log, server log, and/or client log files currently being used by RFMOW may not be able
to be deleted. Ignore this file and delete the others.
9
Return to the C:\H\RFMOW\BIN directory or other directory where RFMOW has been installed.
10
Repeat steps 5 through 9 above to save and delete files from the “ServerLogs” directories.
11
Repeat steps 5 through 9 above to save and delete files from the “ClientLogs” directories.
NOTE: Depending on the size of the hard disk, this procedure will have to be executed periodically to ensure
that all log files are saved before the RFMOW deletes them automatically at 80% hard disk utilization.
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Appendix H
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APPENDIX H
GLOSSARY
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
The acronyms and abbreviations used in this manual are defined below:
Abbreviation or Acronym
AC .................................Alternating Current
ACK ...............................Acknowledgment
AFC ...............................Automatic Frequency Control
ANCT.............................Alternate Network Control Terminal
APC ...............................Automatic Power Control
ASAP.............................As Soon As Possible
AW.................................Access Window
BB..................................Bulletin Board
BDI ................................Black Digital Interface
BER ...............................Bit Error Rate
BLK................................Black
BPSK.............................Binary Phase Shift Keying
C....................................Celsius
CAGE ............................Commercial and Government Entity
CD-R .............................Compact Disc-Recordable
CIK ................................Cryptographic Ignition Key
cm..................................Centimeter
CMA ..............................Control Monitor and Alarm
COM ..............................Serial Communications Port
COMM ...........................Communications
COMSEC.......................Communication Security
contRXC ........................Continuous Terminal Receive Clock
contTXC ........................Continuous Terminal Transmit Clock
CPU...............................Central Processing Unit
CRC...............................Cyclic Redundancy Check
CTRL .............................Control
D/C ................................Down Converter
dB ..................................Decibel
dBm ...............................Decibel-milliwatts
DCD...............................Data Carrier Detect
DEL ...............................Delete
DEMUX .........................Demultiplexer
DISA ..............................Defense Information Systems Agency
DTR ...............................Data Terminal Ready
Eb/N0 ..............................Energy per Bit / Noise Density
EIA-530 .........................High Speed 25-Position Interface for Data Terminal Equipment and Data CircuitTerminating Equipment
EIR ................................Equipment Improvement Recommendations
EQUIP ...........................Equipment
ESD ...............................Electrostatic Discharge
F ....................................Farenheit
FDMA ............................Frequency Division Multiple Access
FDX ...............................Full Duplex with end-around synchronization
FDX TR .........................Full Duplex
FIL I/F ............................Fill Port Electrical Interface
FOW ..............................Forward Orderwire
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Appendix H
Abbreviation or Acronym
Ft. .................................. Feet
GND .............................. Ground
GHz ............................... Gigahertz
GMF .............................. Ground Mobile Forces
GUI................................ Graphical User Interface
Hi...................................High
HPA............................... High Power Amplifier
Hz.................................. Hertz
I/F .................................. Interface
I/O ................................. Input/Output
ID................................... Identification
IF ................................... Intermediate Frequency
in. .................................. Inch(es)
IRON ............................. Inter-Range Operation Number
IU................................... Interface Unit
JP .................................. Jumper
kg .................................. kilograms
KG-84............................ Crypto Device
KHz ............................... Kilo hertz
KIV-7 ............................. Crypto Device
KVM .............................. Keyboard/Video (Monitor)/Mouse
lbs..................................Pounds
LCD ............................... Liquid Crystal Display
AN/TSC-152 AND AN/USC-59 Light Mobile Satellite Terminal
LNA ............................... Low Noise Amplifier
Lo .................................. Low
M&C .............................. Monitor & Control
MAC .............................. Maintenance Allocation Chart
MB................................. Megabyte
MHz............................... Megahertz
MMT .............................. Multimedia Terminal
MS-DOS........................ Microsoft Disk Operating System
MUX .............................. Multiplexer
AN/TSC-85D(V)1 AND AN/TSC-93D(V)1
NATO Airbase Satellite Terminal
NCT............................... Network Control Terminal
NSN............................... National Stock Number
NT ................................. Network Terminal
OEM .............................. Original Equipment Manufacturer
OP2 ............................... Sync selection of KIV-7
OW ................................ Orderwire
oz. ................................. Ounce
PC ................................. Personal Computer
PC/Controller................. Personal Computer / Controller
PCB............................... Printed Circuit Board
PCMCIA ........................ Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PMCS............................ Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
PS/2 .............................. Personal System/2
PWR.............................. Power
RCV............................... Receive
RF ................................. Radio Frequency
RFMOW ........................ Replacement Frequency Modulated Orderwire
RGB .............................. Red-Green-Blue
RMA .............................. Return Merchandise Authorization
ROW ............................. Return Orderwire
RQ................................. Requested
RS&CS.......................... Override Request-to-Send (PTRS) and Clear-to-Send (CTCS)
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Abbreviation or Acronym
RS-232 ..........................Serial Binary Data Interchange standard
RSL ...............................Receive Signal Level
RTS ...............................Ready to Send
RX .................................Receive
SAA ...............................Satellite Access Authorization
SATCOM .......................Satellite Communications
SECTEL ........................Secure Telephone
SEL................................Select
SMR ..............................Source, Maintenance, and Recoverability
SOM ..............................Start of Message
Spkr ...............................Speaker
SRA ...............................Specialized Repair Activity
SRx................................Secure Voice Receive
STE ...............................Secure Terminal Equipment
STU ...............................Secure Telephone Unit
STx ................................Secure Voice Transmit
SVGA ............................Super Video Graphics Array
SVU ...............................Secure Voice Unit
Sync ..............................Synchronize
SyncOOS ......................Synchronize Out-Of-Sync
T2U................................Technical Terminal Units
TDMA ............................Time Division Multiple Access
TM .................................Technical Manual
TMDE ............................Test, Measurement, and Diagnostic Equipment
TRANSEC .....................Transmission Security
TTY................................Teletype
TX..................................Transmit
U/C ................................Up Converter
U/M................................Unit of Measurement
UUT ...............................Unit Under Test
VO .................................Voice Orderwire
XMT...............................Transmit
VAC ...............................Volts AC
VGA...............................Video Graphics Array
WSOC ...........................Wideband SATCOM (Satellite Communications) Operations Center
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