ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester User Manual Issue 2

ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester User Manual Issue 2
ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
ARG 5410 MKII
SARSAT Beacon Tester
User Manual
Issue 2
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5410-EQ001-HB1.doc
© A·R·G ElectroDesign Ltd. 2004
ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
Contents
1: Introduction
This chapter identifies the main functions of the unit;
provides a summary of its main features and a physical overview.
2: Operating the unit
This chapter provides a clear illustrated description of all
the menus and their individual functions.
3: Updating the unit
This chapter briefly describes how to update the units
software for current country code listings and general software updates
4: Safety, EMC and Approval
This chapter provides information on relevant safety
requirements when using the ARG 5410MkII.
5: Servicing, Warranty and Contact Information
This chapter provides information on in and out of
warranty repairs; technical assistance, and contact information.
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© A·R·G ElectroDesign Ltd. 2004
ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
CHANGE HISTORY
Issue
Date
1
2
01/04/04
19/07/04
DCN/ECN
Change
Information on updating the unit
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
1. Introduction
1.1 Overview
COSPAS-SARSAT beacons are battery powered devices capable of initiating
an alert by transmitting a distress message via satellite on the frequencies
406.025MHz and/or 121.5MHz. 121.5MHz beacons employ a swept tone
amplitude modulation, whereas 406MHz beacons transmit a short burst of
phase modulated power repeated at approximately 50 second intervals. Most
406MHz beacons also include a low power 121.5MHz swept tone transmitter,
intended to act as a homing signal for rescue forces.
The following terms are also used to describe these distress transmitters:
EPIRB:
ELT:
PLB:
Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon - generally
used for beacons intended for marine use.
Emergency Locator Transmitter - usually refers to a beacon
carried by aircraft, and may be activated by a crash
detection switch.
Personal Locator Beacon - used by COSPAS-SARSAT to
denote a beacon intended for land mobile use. This term is
also used for beacons carried by aircrew.
The COSPAS-SARSAT system can provide the rescue forces with the location
of the beacon, based on the apparent frequency shift of the signal as
received by the moving satellite (the Doppler effect). In addition, each
406MHz transmission contains a coded message which can uniquely identify
the beacon, and may provide additional information such as method of
activation, nature of distress etc. A number of different protocols are used,
depending on the type of user and the national regulations guiding the use
of the beacon.
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© A·R·G ElectroDesign Ltd. 2004
ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
The ARG 5410 MkII is designed to provide independent reassurance that a
beacon designed to operate via the COSPAS-SARSAT system is functional,
and correctly encoded. The unit responds to the signals radiated by most
beacons during their "self-test" mode. Alternatively, the beacon may be
operated in a full functional mode, but in this case a radio screened
enclosure must be used, or a direct connection made between the antenna
terminals of beacon and tester, to ensure that no signal is radiated which
may be mistaken for a genuine alert.
The tester is capable of checking that the frequency of the transmitted
406MHz signal is within tolerance, and of giving an independent check of the
beacon coding. It cannot perform an exhaustive parametric check, however,
to guarantee satellite compatibility, and is therefore no substitute for the
proper type approval and quality control procedures required. A short test
can also not give a full assurance as to whether the beacon would activate
correctly in an emergency, and for how long it would continue to operate.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
1.2 Main Features
The ARG 5410 MkII is compliant with the appropriate sections of the IMO
requirements for test equipment and can provide the following features:
•
Receives and decodes all types of COSPAS and SARSAT beacon signals
•
Audible indication of 121.5 MHz operation
•
Radiated signal or 50ohms direct input option (via 30dB pad)
•
Serial data output to printer or PC
•
Independent check of serial number and call sign
•
Measures 406 MHz carrier frequency
•
Easily updatable software / database of country codes
•
‘Long message’ and location protocols included
•
121 and 406 MHz Power measurement
•
Large backlit LCD screen
•
Re-chargable battery
•
Integral serial output
•
Mains Charger
•
Splash proof carrying case
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
1.3 Physical Overview
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© A·R·G ElectroDesign Ltd. 2004
ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
2. Operating the unit
The unit is switched on or off by using the slide switch on the top panel,
just above the data connector. On initial switch on, an opening screen will
be shown, that includes the software version loaded. After two seconds,
this will be replaced by the Select Menu as illustrated below:
2.1 Charging the battery
The ARG540 MkII has an internal battery which will need to be recharged
before using the tester for the first time. A wall mounted power supply
unit is supplied with the tester to allow this to be done from a suitable
mains outlet. This power supply is connected directly to the tester. (See
fig. 1.) Contact your supplier if the power supply is not compatible with
your mains outlet.
The 2-pole jack plug on the mains power supply should be firmly plugged
into the socket at the base of the tester, ensuring that it is all the way in.
Fast charge circuitry in the tester will allow it to be used after less than 30
minutes connection to the charger, but for a full charge the unit should be
left connected overnight. For maximum battery life, the unit should not be
left on charge for longer than 24 hours at a time. The unit should not be
used when the charger is plugged in.
Fig 1.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
N.B. The mains power supply has a two-piece output connector which is
factory fitted to give the correct polarity for the ARG 5410 MkII. Removal
of this connector is not advised as damage may occur to the connector
and/or the ARG 5410 MkII.
Disposal of Batteries (Nickel Metal Hydride)
A Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) battery pack is used in this unit. Do not
attempt to open, disassemble or mutilate the battery pack, and do not
short circuit the battery pack terminals.
If the battery pack has leaked or vented, it must be replaced immediately.
Replace only with an identical battery from the same manufacturer or with
a type recommended by ARG ElectroDesign Ltd. Please ensure the power
lead is removed before removing the battery pack.
The battery pack contains a smart charge management system and must
only be charged using the supplied charger.
European legislation (EC Directive 91/689/EEC) classifies Ni-MH batteries as
hazardous waste due to the nickel content. Collect spent batteries
separately for disposal, do not mix with other waste streams. Contact your
local battery supplier for up to date information on the collection, disposal
or recycling procedures for your country.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
2.2 Menu Structure
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© A·R·G ElectroDesign Ltd. 2004
ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
2.3 Recv Menu
Recv switches on the 121.5/406MHz receiver/demodulator, and brings up
the following screen:
The receiver/demodulator will immediately switch on. If a homing signal is
detected (121.5MHz), the swept tone modulation will be heard. Note that
most beacons do not transmit a homing signal during self-test. Those that do
only transmit for a short time (less than one second). To avoid any
possibility of this signal causing an alert, testing of beacons found
to radiate on 121.5MHz during self-test should limited to the first
five minutes of any hour, unless a shielded enclosure is used.
The 406MHz signal is normally transmitted as a short duration (about half a
second) burst. In self-test mode, most new beacon designs transmit a
normal length burst, but with a special framing code which prevents satellite
detection. Older designs, in particular, may do any of the following during
Self Test:
a)
Transmit an unmodulated burst.
b)
Transmit a burst with a non-standard garbled message.
c)
Not transmit at all.
In these cases, it will be necessary to test the beacon in a shielded enclosure
in operational mode.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
Shows "Carrier detected" if a 406MHz burst is present, followed by
406.0250 MHz PASS and 406 power reading
Shows "121.5MHz detected" if a a homing signal is present, followed by
121.5 power reading
At the end of the 406MHz burst, "Unmodulated signal" will be shown if no
data is detected. "Bad Frame" will be shown if the receiver is unable to
detect valid normal or self-test framing codes. Otherwise the framing type
NORMAL or S'TEST will be shown followed by OK or BAD according to
whether any errors were found in the message, and the 15-hex ID code
will be shown.
This display is shown for 5 seconds. For unmodulated signal or bad frame,
the unit will return to "waiting for signal". Otherwise it will go back to the
select menu.
For a valid error-free message NORMAL OK or S'TEST OK, the message will
be saved in memory, for recall using the VIEW option.
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© A·R·G ElectroDesign Ltd. 2004
ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
2.4 View Menu
The view menu allows you to view successfully decoded messages from
previous readings.
The data that is shown here varies enormously, but, per message there are
normally 4 screens of information. These can be viewed by using the arrow
key to navigate through the screens. Up to 30 messages can be stored,
however if you exceed this number the oldest message will be deleted, and
will result in messages being re-numbered.
You can scroll through these screens by using the right arrow (F3) key. To
see the same screen on an earlier message, press the up arrow (F1) key.
To see the same screen on a later message, press the down arrow (F2)
key. To jump to the first message (MESG#1), press the F key. To jump to
the last message stored (up to MESG #30), press the L key.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
MESG #
Printer port settings
Baud 2400
8 Bit
No Parity
X on X off
Where 1 is the oldest message. This can go up to 30.
Deleting a message renumbers all later messages.
DELETE removes the current message.
ENTER prints the current message.
RECEIVED AT
FRAMING
shows time/date of message
NORMAL or S'TEST, followed by OK or BAD according to
whether the BCH error check code is valid.
ID
BEACON TYPE
shows 15-hex ID
EPIRB, ELT, PLB, or TEST. Followed by MANUAL,
AUTOMATIC, "+Ext GPS" or "+ Int GPS
shows 406MHz frequency followed by PASS or FAIL.
Limits 406.020 - 406-030 MHZ
FREQUENCY
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
406 Power
COUNTRY
CALLSIGN
30 HEX ID
Homing
Other info
Long Mesg
POS
shows a number indicating received signal strength
3 digit code followed by up to 7 characters (if found in
database)
Options depend on beacon type and protocol use:
Maritime (EPIRBs) could show trailing six digits of
MMSI followed by beacon number - e.g. Callsign: 233000
2 (i.e. Beacon No. 2) or could show Callsign: IE2532
(example of Irish callsign), or could show Ser
#25640(3/1064) (example of UK serialised coded EPIRB serial number 25640 interpreted as model no.3,
sequence no. 1064)
Aircraft beacons (ELTS) might show "AIRCRAFT#
2D5E66" (example of 24-bit aircraft address), or "Ser #
254609", or "Registr.No: FR56289" (example of aircraft
tail number), Or "Operator: EZY No. 3456" (example of
aircraft operator/serial number).
PLBs generally use a serial number, e.g. "Ser #23456"
shows number representing the full message before
decoding - bits 26-144 (26-112 for short message)
121.5 MHz, 9GHz SART, or None
121.5 Power (if detected) - again a number representing
received signal strength
Some beacons have the COSPAS-SARSAT type approval
number in the message. This would be shown as "C/S
#103"
USA serialised beacons have additional information, e.g.
"Model 1 ProdRun 2"
If not self-test, the 2nd BCH error check will be tested,
shown as "Long Mesg OK" or "Long Mesg BAD"
Transmitted position data, shown in the format: DD MM
SS ‘N’ or ‘S’ DD MM SS ‘E’ or ‘W’ Invalid or default
position shown as ***** N.B.
Default position is
normally transmitted during SELF TEST.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
2.5 Setup Menu
This menu allows you to set the time, date / year, adjust the contrast of
the display and upload new versions of software when available.
2.6 Quit
Pressing the F4 key causes the opening menu to be shown again before
reverting to the Select menu. To switch the unit off, use the slide switch
on the top panel, just above the serial data connector.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
3. Updating the unit
3.1 Updating software versions
Within the set-up menu you can update the software version of your unit.
The update menu can be found on the 2nd page of “Setup”. If you enter
this menu you will find a screen similar to the one below:
Press the “u” button to upload new software, but please be aware that this
function will erased all previously stored data.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
4. Safety and EMC Approval
4.1 IMO Approval
ARG5410 meets and exceeds the following IMO requirements for test
equipment for annual testing and shore-based maintenance of EPIRBs:
SOLAS Chapter IV, paragraph 15.9
MSC Circular 1039
MSC Circular 1040
4.2 Safety and EMC Specifications
Safety
The unit are designed to comply with the requirements of
EN60950: 1998 Amendments 1 to 5
UL1950 Third Edition 1995
CSA 22-2: 950-95
EMC
The units are CE marked, and have been tested against the following
specifications
EN55022 1994 Class A
EN 50082 1992 89/336/EEC (Europe)
47CFR CH.1 (FCC) Part 15, Subpart B, Class A
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
5. Warranty, Servicing and Contact Information
5.1 Warranty
The ARG 5410 MkII is warranted against failure due to poor workmanship
or defective materials for a period of two years from date of delivery.
Extended warranties are available.
Any evidence of unauthorised access to the internal parts will be regarded
as invalidating this warranty. All external features, and in particular the
unit should be kept free from damage or undue ingress of water, dirt,
grease, solvents or other contaminates at all times.
Claims against this warranty will be treated on an individual basis and will
not be upheld if there are signs of accidental damage, intentional damage,
mistreatment or if the unit has been stored or operated outside its
intended temperature range.
5.2 Repairs and Calibration
A·R·G have an agreement with DHL to offer a turnkey solution to overseas
users of our equipment. Any equipment that needs to be returned to
A·R·G for periodic re-calibration or repair can now be returned using our
Import Express Account.
Customers can arrange pickup locally using our account. The equipment
will be returned to A·R·G and re-exported after completion.
This process described above improves turn-around times and reduces the
risk of problems with Customs, such as added costs, or delays due to
improper paperwork. If units are returned by an alternative method, this
may result in your equipment being returned by your carrier, without
reaching A·R·G.
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ARG 5410 MKII SARSAT Beacon Tester
5.3 ARG Contact Information
For servicing or warranty returns, please contact:
Service Department
A·R·G ElectroDesign Ltd
Querns Business Centre
Whitworth Road
Cirencester
Gloucestershire
GL7 1RT
United Kingdom
Telephone:
Fax:
Email:
+44(0)1285 658501
+44(0)1285 885376
[email protected]
For all other enquires, please contact:
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
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