SYSMAC CS and CJ Series EtherNet/IP Units OPERATION MANUAL

SYSMAC CS and CJ Series EtherNet/IP Units OPERATION MANUAL
Cat. No. W465-E1-09
SYSMAC CS and CJ Series
CS1W-EIP21 (100Base-TX)
CJ1W-EIP21 (100Base-TX)
[email protected] (100Base-TX)
[email protected] (100Base-TX/10Base-T)
EtherNet/IP Units
TM
OPERATION MANUAL
© OMRON, 2007
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form,
or by any means, mechanical, electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of
OMRON.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein. Moreover, because OMRON is
constantly striving to improve its high-quality products, the information contained in this manual is subject to change
without notice. Every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this manual. Nevertheless, OMRON assumes no
responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information
contained in this publication.
Trademarks
• ODVA, CIP, CompoNet, DeviceNet, and EtherNet/IP are trademarks of ODVA.
• Ethernet is a trademark of the Xerox Corporation.
• Windows, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8
are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the USA and other countries.
Other names of systems or products that appear in this document are trademarks or registered
trademarks of the respective company.
CS1W-EIP21 (100Base-TX)
CJ1W-EIP21 (100Base-TX)
[email protected] (100Base-TX)
[email protected] (100Base-TX/10Base-T)
EtherNet/IP Units
Operation Manual
Revised November 2014
iv
Notice:
OMRON products are manufactured for use according to proper procedures by a qualified operator
and only for the purposes described in this manual.
The following conventions are used to indicate and classify precautions in this manual. Always heed
the information provided with them. Failure to heed precautions can result in injury to people or damage to property.
!DANGER
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury. Additionally, there may be severe property damage.
!WARNING
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury. Additionally, there may be severe property damage.
!Caution
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury, or property damage.
OMRON Product References
All OMRON products are capitalized in this manual. The word “Unit” is also capitalized when it refers to
an OMRON product, regardless of whether or not it appears in the proper name of the product.
The abbreviation “Ch,” which appears in some displays and on some OMRON products, often means
“word” and is abbreviated “Wd” in documentation in this sense.
The abbreviation “PLC” means Programmable Controller. “PC” is used, however, in some Programming Device displays to mean Programmable Controller.
Visual Aids
The following headings appear in the left column of the manual to help you locate different types of
information.
Note Indicates information of particular interest for efficient and convenient operation of the product.
1,2,3...
1. Indicates lists of one sort or another, such as procedures, checklists, etc.
v
vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi
1
Intended Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xxii
2
General Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xxii
3
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xxii
4
Operating Environment Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xxiv
5
Application Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xxiv
6
Conformance to EC Directives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xxvi
SECTION 1
Overview of EtherNet/IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1-1
EtherNet/IP Unit Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
1-2
Devices Required for Constructing a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
1-3
Support Software Required to Construct a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
1-4
Communications Services Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
1-5
Network Configurator Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
SECTION 2
Unit Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
2-1
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
2-2
Nomenclature and Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
2-3
Selecting the Network Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
SECTION 3
Installation and Initial Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
3-1
Overview of Initial Setup Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
3-2
Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
3-3
Mounting to a PLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
3-4
Network Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
3-5
Connecting to the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
3-6
Creating I/O Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
3-7
Setting the Local IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
3-9
Tag Data Link Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
3-10 Other Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
3-11 Communications Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 4
Memory Allocations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
71
4-1
Overview of Memory Allocated to the EtherNet/IP Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
72
4-2
CIO Area Allocations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
4-3
DM Area Allocations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
4-4
User Settings Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
4-5
Auxiliary Area Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
92
SECTION 5
Determining IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
5-1
IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
5-3
Private and Global Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
SECTION 6
Tag Data Link Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
6-2
Setting Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
125
6-3
Ladder Programming with Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
187
SECTION 7
Message Communications Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
7-1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
192
7-2
FINS Message Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
7-3
Explicit Message Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
196
7-4
Message Communications Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
197
7-5
Message Communications Error Indications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
198
7-6
Message Communications Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
199
SECTION 8
FINS Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
viii
8-1
Overview of FINS Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
202
8-2
FINS/UDP Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
204
8-3
FINS/TCP Method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
206
8-4
Routing Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
211
8-5
Using FINS Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
215
8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
224
8-7
Precautions on High Traffic in FINS Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
236
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 9
Message Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
9-1
Sending Explicit Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
238
9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
251
SECTION 10
Communications Performance and Communications Load . . 265
10-1 Communications System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
266
10-2 Adjusting the Communications Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
273
10-3 I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
288
10-4 Tag Data Link Performance for CJ2M Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
296
10-5 Message Service Transmission Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
299
SECTION 11
FTP Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
11-1 Overview and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
308
11-2 FTP Server Function Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
309
11-3 Using the FTP Server Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
311
11-4 FTP Server Application Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
313
11-5 Using FTP Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
314
11-6 Checking FTP Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
320
11-7 Using File Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
321
11-8 FTP File Transfer Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
326
11-9 Host Computer Application Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
327
SECTION 12
Automatic Clock Adjustment Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
12-1 Automatic Clock Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
330
12-2 Using the Automatic Clock Adjustment Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331
12-3 Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
334
12-4 Automatic Clock Adjustment Error Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
334
SECTION 13
Maintenance and Unit Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
13-1 Maintenance and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
338
13-2 Simple Backup Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
339
13-3 Using the Backup Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
343
ix
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 14
Troubleshooting and Error Processing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
14-1 Checking Status with the Network Configurator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
346
14-2 Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
353
14-3 Connection Status Codes and Error Processing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
364
14-4 Error Log Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
370
14-5 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
374
14-6 Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
377
Appendices
A
CS/CJ-series Ethernet Unit Function Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
381
B
Ethernet Network Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
383
C
TCP Status Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
385
D
CIP Message Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
387
E
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports . . . . . . . .
397
F
EDS File Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
425
G
Precautions for Using Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
429
H
Setting Example for Using Tag Data Links with the CJ2M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
433
Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443
x
About this Manual:
This manual describes the operation of the CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and the built-in EtherNet/IP
ports on a CJ2 CPU Unit for constructing applications and includes the sections described below.
Please read this manual carefully and be sure you understand the information provided before
attempting to install or operate the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. Be sure to read the
precautions provided in the following section.
Precautions provides general precautions for using the CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in
EtherNet/IP ports.
Section 1 introduces the functions and protocols used in EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
communications services.
Section 2 provides the specifications of EtherNet/IP Units and introduces recommended network configuration devices.
Section 3 explains how to install and make the initial settings required for operation of the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Section 4 describes the words allocated in the CIO Area and the DM Area for EtherNet/IP Units or
built-in EtherNet/IP ports.
Section 5 explains how to manage and use IP addresses.
Section 6 describes tag data link functions and related Network Configurator operations.
Section 7 describes message communications using FINS messages and explicit messages.
Section 8 provides information on communicating on EtherNet/IP Systems and interconnected networks using FINS commands. The information provided in the section deals only with FINS communications in reference to EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports.
Section 9 describes message communications using FINS commands sent from the ladder program
in the CPU Unit of the PLC.
Section 10 describes the communications performance in an EtherNet/IP network, and shows how to
estimate the I/O response times and transmission delays.
Section 11 describes the functions provided by the FTP server.
Section 12 provides an overview of the automatic clock adjustment function, including details on specifications, required settings, operations from CX-Programmer, and troubleshooting.
Section 13 describes cleaning, inspection, and Unit replacement procedures, as well as the Simple
Backup Function.
Section 14 describes error processing, periodic maintenance operations, and troubleshooting procedures needed to keep the EtherNet/IP network operating properly. We recommend reading through
the error processing procedures before operation so that operating errors can be identified and corrected more quickly.
Appendices provide information on EtherNet/IP network parameters, the buffer configuration, TCP
status transitions, ASCII characters, maintenance, and inspections.
xi
Relevant Manuals
The following table lists CS- and CJ-series manuals that contain information relevant to EtherNet/IP
Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports.
Manual
number
W465
Model
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
[email protected]
[email protected]
W420
CS1W-ETN21
CJ1W-ETN21
W421
CS1W-ETN21
CJ1W-ETN21
W495
CJ1W-EIP21
W343
CS1W-ETN01
CS1W-ETN11
CJ1W-ETN11
CS1G/[email protected]@-EV1
CS1G/[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
CS1D[email protected]@S
[email protected]@H-R
[email protected]@
[email protected]@
[email protected]@P
CJ1G/[email protected]@H
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]@
[email protected]@-V1
[email protected]@-V1
[email protected]@-V1
[email protected]@@@[email protected]
[email protected]@@@[email protected]
[email protected]@@@[email protected]
CP1L-M/[email protected]@@[email protected]
[email protected]@[email protected]@
[email protected]@[email protected]@
[email protected]@@@@(B)-G5D
[email protected]@@@@(B)-M3D
W342
xii
Name
Contents
Provides information on operating and installing EtherNet/
IP Units, including details on basic settings, tag data links,
and FINS communications.
Refer to the Communications Commands Reference
Manual (W342) for details on FINS commands that can
be sent to CS-series and CJ-series CPU Units when
using the FINS communications service.
Refer to the Ethernet Units Operation Manual
Construction of Applications (W421) for details on constructing host applications that use FINS communications.
Ethernet Units Oper- Provides information on operating and installing 100Baseation Manual
TX Ethernet Units, including details on basic settings and
Construction of Net- FINS communications. Refer to the Communications
works
Commands Reference Manual (W342) for details on
FINS commands that can be sent to CS-series and CJseries CPU Units when using the FINS communications
service.
Ethernet Units Oper- Provides information on constructing host applications for
ation Manual
100Base-TX Ethernet Units, including functions for sendConstruction of
ing/receiving mail, socket service, automatic clock adjustApplications
ment, FTP server functions, and FINS communications.
CJ-series EtherNet/ Information on using an EtherNet/IP Unit that is conIPTM Units Operation nected to an NJ-series CPU Unit is provided.
Manual for NJ-series Information is provided on the basic setup, tag data links,
and other features.
CPU Unit
Use this manual together with the NJ-series CPU Unit
Hardware User’s Manual (Cat. No. W500) and NJ-series
CPU Unit Software User’s Manual (Cat. No. W501).
Ethernet Units Oper- Describes the installation and operation of the 10Base-5
ation Manual
and 10Base-T Ethernet Units.
EtherNet/IPTM Units
Operation Manual
(this manual)
Communications
Commands Reference Manual
Describes the C-series (Host Link) and FINS communications commands used when sending communications
commands to CS-series, CJ-series, CP-series, and SYSMAC One NSJ-series CPU Units.
Manual
number
Model
W472
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]@
W473
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]@
W474
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]@
CJ1G/[email protected]@H
CS1G/[email protected]@-EV1
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@S
[email protected]@H-R
CJ1G/[email protected]@H
[email protected]@P
[email protected]@
[email protected]@
[email protected]@@@@(B)-G5D
[email protected]@@@@(B)-M3D
CS1G/[email protected]@H
W339
Name
Contents
Provides hardware information for the CJ2 CPU Units.
Information is included on features, system configuration,
component names, component functions, installation, setting procedures, and troubleshooting.
Use together with the CJ-series CJ2 CPU Unit Software
User’s Manual (W473).
CJ-series CJ2 CPU Provides software information for the CJ2 CPU Units.
Unit Software User’s Information is included on CPU Unit operation, internal
Manual
memory, programming, setting procedures, and CPU Unit
functions.
Use together with the CJ-series CJ2 CPU Unit Hardware
User’s Manual (W472).
Programmable Con- Provides detailed descriptions of the instructions.
trollers Instructions
When programming, use this manual together with the
Reference Manual
manuals for your CPU Unit.
CJ-series CJ2 CPU
Unit Hardware
User’s Manual
Programmable Controllers Operation
Manual
Provides an outline of, and describes the design, installation, maintenance, and other basic operations for the CSseries PLCs. Information is also included on features,
system configuration, wiring, I/O memory allocations, and
troubleshooting.
Use together with the Programmable Controllers Programming Manual (W394).
Provides an outline of, and describes the design, installation, maintenance, and other basic operations for the CJseries PLCs. Information is also included on features,
system configuration, wiring, I/O memory allocations, and
troubleshooting.
Use together with the Programmable Controllers Programming Manual (W394).
Describes programming, tasks, file memory, and other
functions for the CS-series, CJ-series, and NS-J-series
PLCs.
Use together with the Programmable Controllers Operation Manual (W339 for CS-series PLCs and W393 for CJseries PLCs).
W393
[email protected]@H-R
CJ1G/[email protected]@H
[email protected]@P
[email protected]@
[email protected]@
Programmable Controllers Operation
Manual
W394
CS1G/[email protected]@-EV1
CS1G/[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@S
[email protected]@H-R
[email protected]@
CJ1G/[email protected]@H
[email protected]@P
[email protected]@
[email protected]@@@@(B)-G5D
[email protected]@@@@(B)-M3D
Programmable Controllers Programming Manual
W463
[email protected]@C-V4
[email protected]@D-V4
[email protected]@C-V4
[email protected]@C-V4
[email protected]@D-V4
CX-One Setup Man- Describes the setup procedures for the CX-One. Informaual
tion is also provided on the operating environment for the
CX-One.
CX-Programmer
Provides information on how to use the CX-Programmer,
Operation Manual
a Windows-based programming device. Use together with
the Programmable Controllers Operation Manual (W339
for CS-series PLCs and W393 for CJ-series PLCs), Programmable Controllers Programming Manual (W394) and
the Programmable Controllers Instructions Reference
Manual (W474) to perform programming.
W446
xiii
Manual
number
W464
Model
[email protected]@C-V4/
[email protected]@D-V4
Name
CS/CJ/CP/NSJseries CX-Integrator
Ver. [email protected] Operation
Manual
Contents
Describes the operating procedures of the CX-Integrator
that can be used to set up and monitor networks.
!WARNING Failure to read and understand the information provided in this manual may result in personal injury or death, damage to the product, or product failure. Please read each section
in its entirety and be sure you understand the information provided in the section and
related sections before attempting any of the procedures or operations given.
xiv
Terms and Conditions Agreement
Warranty, Limitations of Liability
Warranties
● Exclusive Warranty
Omron’s exclusive warranty is that the Products will be free from defects in
materials and workmanship for a period of twelve months from the date of
sale by Omron (or such other period expressed in writing by Omron). Omron
disclaims all other warranties, express or implied.
● Limitations
OMRON MAKES NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, ABOUT NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF THE PRODUCTS. BUYER
ACKNOWLEDGES THAT IT ALONE HAS DETERMINED THAT THE PRODUCTS WILL SUITABLY MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THEIR
INTENDED USE.
Omron further disclaims all warranties and responsibility of any type for claims
or expenses based on infringement by the Products or otherwise of any intellectual property right.
● Buyer Remedy
Omron’s sole obligation hereunder shall be, at Omron’s election, to (i) replace
(in the form originally shipped with Buyer responsible for labor charges for
removal or replacement thereof) the non-complying Product, (ii) repair the
non-complying Product, or (iii) repay or credit Buyer an amount equal to the
purchase price of the non-complying Product; provided that in no event shall
Omron be responsible for warranty, repair, indemnity or any other claims or
expenses regarding the Products unless Omron’s analysis confirms that the
Products were properly handled, stored, installed and maintained and not
subject to contamination, abuse, misuse or inappropriate modification. Return
of any Products by Buyer must be approved in writing by Omron before shipment. Omron Companies shall not be liable for the suitability or unsuitability or
the results from the use of Products in combination with any electrical or electronic components, circuits, system assemblies or any other materials or substances or environments. Any advice, recommendations or information given
orally or in writing, are not to be construed as an amendment or addition to the
above warranty.
See http://www.omron.com/global/ or contact your Omron representative for
published information.
Limitation on
Liability; Etc
OMRON COMPANIES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOSS OF PROFITS OR
PRODUCTION OR COMMERCIAL LOSS IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH
THE PRODUCTS, WHETHER SUCH CLAIM IS BASED IN CONTRACT,
WARRANTY, NEGLIGENCE OR STRICT LIABILITY.
Further, in no event shall liability of Omron Companies exceed the individual
price of the Product on which liability is asserted.
xv
Application Considerations
Suitability of Use
Omron Companies shall not be responsible for conformity with any standards,
codes or regulations which apply to the combination of the Product in the
Buyer’s application or use of the Product. At Buyer’s request, Omron will provide applicable third party certification documents identifying ratings and limitations of use which apply to the Product. This information by itself is not
sufficient for a complete determination of the suitability of the Product in combination with the end product, machine, system, or other application or use.
Buyer shall be solely responsible for determining appropriateness of the particular Product with respect to Buyer’s application, product or system. Buyer
shall take application responsibility in all cases.
NEVER USE THE PRODUCT FOR AN APPLICATION INVOLVING SERIOUS RISK TO LIFE OR PROPERTY WITHOUT ENSURING THAT THE
SYSTEM AS A WHOLE HAS BEEN DESIGNED TO ADDRESS THE RISKS,
AND THAT THE OMRON PRODUCT(S) IS PROPERLY RATED AND
INSTALLED FOR THE INTENDED USE WITHIN THE OVERALL EQUIPMENT OR SYSTEM.
Programmable
Products
Omron Companies shall not be responsible for the user’s programming of a
programmable Product, or any consequence thereof.
Disclaimers
Performance Data
Data presented in Omron Company websites, catalogs and other materials is
provided as a guide for the user in determining suitability and does not constitute a warranty. It may represent the result of Omron’s test conditions, and the
user must correlate it to actual application requirements. Actual performance
is subject to the Omron’s Warranty and Limitations of Liability.
Change in
Specifications
Product specifications and accessories may be changed at any time based on
improvements and other reasons. It is our practice to change part numbers
when published ratings or features are changed, or when significant construction changes are made. However, some specifications of the Product may be
changed without any notice. When in doubt, special part numbers may be
assigned to fix or establish key specifications for your application. Please consult with your Omron’s representative at any time to confirm actual specifications of purchased Product.
Errors and Omissions
Information presented by Omron Companies has been checked and is
believed to be accurate; however, no responsibility is assumed for clerical,
typographical or proofreading errors or omissions.
xvi
Unit Versions of CS/CJ-series
Unit Versions
A “unit version” has been introduced to manage Units in the CS/CJ Series
according to differences in functionality accompanying Unit upgrades.
Notation of Unit Versions
on Products
The unit version is given to the right of the lot number on the nameplate of the
products for which unit versions are being managed, as shown below.
■ CS1W-EIP21/CJ1W-EIP21
Product nameplate
CS1WUNIT
Unit version
Example for unit version 1.0
Lot No.
Lot No. 040401 0000
OMRON Corporation
Ver.1.0
MADE IN JAPAN
■ [email protected]@-EIP/[email protected]
Product nameplate
CJ2HUNIT
Indicates that the unit
version of the CPU Unit
is 1.0.
Lot No. 080701 CPU Ver. 1.0 EIP Ver.2.0
OMRON Corporation
Indicates that the unit
version of the built-in
EtherNet I/P port is 2.0.
MADE IN JAPAN
In this manual, the version of the EtherNet/IP port built into the [email protected]@-EIP/[email protected] CPU Unit is given as the unit version.
Confirming Unit Versions
with Support Software
CX-Programmer version 4.0 can be used to confirm the unit version using the
Unit Manufacturing Information.
Note The unit versions of Pre-Ver.1.0 Units cannot be confirmed in Unit Manufacturing Information. The following dialog box is displayed.
In the IO Table Window, right-click and select Unit Manufacturing information - CPU Unit.
The following Unit Manufacturing information Dialog Box will be displayed.
xvii
Unit version
Note
Using Unit Version Label
The unit version will be displayed in the Unit Manufacturing Information Dialog
Box.
The following unit version label is provided with the EtherNet/IP Unit.
This label can be attached to the front of the EtherNet/IP Unit to differentiate
between EtherNet/IP Units with different unit versions.
Unit Version Notation
Product nameplate
Ver. 1.0 or later number
shown to right of the lot
number
In this manual, the unit version of a EtherNet/IP Unit is given as shown in the
following table.
Notation used in this manual
Ethernet Unit Ver. 1.0 or later (See note.)
Note
Special remarks
Information without reference to specific Unit
Versions applies to all versions of the Unit.
Some Support Software products call the EtherNet/IP Unit version the “revision.” “Revision” is also sometimes used in this manual.
Functions That Are Supported for Each Unit Version
Models
Connection under an NJseries CPU Unit
Unit version 2.0 or earlier
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
[email protected]
[email protected]
Not supported.
Note
xviii
Unit version 2.1 or later
CJ1W-EIP21
CS1W-EIP21
[email protected]
[email protected]
Not supported.
Supported. (See note.)
For details, refer to the CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units Operation Manual for NJseries CPU Unit (Cat. No. W495).
Applicable CIP Revisions
The following tables list the CIP revisions that are supported by the different
unit versions of the EtherNet/IP Unit.
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
and [email protected]@-EIP
Unit version
Unit version 1.0
Unit version 2.0
Unit version 2.1
Unit version 3.0
CIP revision
Revision 1.01
Revision 2.01 to 2.03
Revision 2.04 or 2.05
Revision 3.01
Unit version
Unit version 2.0
Unit version 2.1
CIP revision
Revision 2.01
Revision 2.02 or 2.03
[email protected]
Unit Versions and Programming Device Versions
The following versions of the CX-Programmer and Network Configuration are
required to set EtherNet/IP Units.
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
and [email protected]@-EIP
Unit version
Unit version 1.0
Ver. 7.1 or lower
---
Unit version 2.0
---
Unit version 3.0 or --later
Unit version
CX-Programmer
Ver. 8.0
*1
OK
OK
OK
Ver. 8.02 or higher
OK
OK*5
OK*5
Network Configurator for EtherNet/IP
Ver. 3.00 or higher
Unit version 1.0
OK
Unit version 2.0
OK
Unit version 3.0 or OK*6
later
[email protected]
Unit version
Unit version 2.0
Unit version 2.1
Unit version
Ver. 9.0 or lower
-----
CX-Programmer
Ver. 9.1
OK
Ver. 9.2 or higher
OK
OK*2
OK*5
Unit version 2.0
Network Configurator for EtherNet/IP
Ver. 3.1 or lower
Ver. 3.20
Ver. 3.21 or higher
--OK
OK*3
Unit version 2.1
---
OK*4
OK
*1: The most recent version of the common module for CX-One version [email protected]@ must be installed.
*2: The most recent version of the common module for CX-One version [email protected]@ must be installed.
*3: The settings cannot be downloaded from the computer to the PLC if more than 20
words of tag data links are set.
*4: A maximum of 20 words of tag data links can be set.
*5: For EtherNet/IP Units manufactured in October 2012 or later, you must install CXProgrammer version 9.41 to use the backup functions with the Backup Tool.
*6: The Network Configurator for EtherNet/IP version 3.57 or higher is required.
xix
xx
PRECAUTIONS
This section provides general precautions for using the CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports.
The information contained in this section is important for the safe and reliable application of EtherNet/IP Units or
built-in EtherNet/IP ports. You must read this section and understand the information contained before attempting
to set up or operate an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Intended Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating Environment Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conformance to EC Directives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
Applicable Directives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2
Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xxii
xxii
xxii
xxiv
xxiv
xxvi
xxvi
xxvi
xxi
1
Intended Audience
1
Intended Audience
This manual is intended for the following personnel, who must also have
knowledge of electrical systems (an electrical engineer or the equivalent).
• Personnel in charge of installing FA systems.
• Personnel in charge of designing FA systems.
• Personnel in charge of managing FA systems and facilities.
2
General Precautions
The user must operate the product according to the performance specifications described in the operation manuals.
Before using the product under conditions which are not described in the
manual or applying the product to nuclear control systems, railroad systems,
aviation systems, vehicles, combustion systems, medical equipment, amusement machines, safety equipment, and other systems, machines, and equipment that may have a serious influence on lives and property if used
improperly, consult your OMRON representative.
Make sure that the ratings and performance characteristics of the product are
sufficient for the systems, machines, and equipment, and be sure to provide
the systems, machines, and equipment with double safety mechanisms.
This manual provides information for programming and operating the Unit. Be
sure to read this manual before attempting to use the Unit and keep this manual close at hand for reference during operation.
!WARNING It is extremely important that a PLC and all PLC Units be used for the specified purpose and under the specified conditions, especially in applications that
can directly or indirectly affect human life. You must consult with your
OMRON representative before applying a PLC System to the above-mentioned applications.
3
Safety Precautions
!WARNING Do not attempt to take any Unit apart while the power is being supplied. Doing
so may result in electric shock.
!WARNING Do not touch any of the terminals or terminal blocks while the power is being
supplied. Doing so may result in electric shock.
!WARNING Do not attempt to disassemble, repair, or modify any Units. Any attempt to do
so may result in malfunction, fire, or electric shock.
xxii
Safety Precautions
3
!WARNING Provide safety measures in external circuits (i.e., not in the Programmable
Controller), including the following items, to ensure safety in the system if an
abnormality occurs due to malfunction of the Programmable Controller or
another external factor affecting the operation of the Programmable Controller. “Programmable Controller” indicates the CPU Unit and all other Units and
is abbreviated “PLC” in this manual.
• Emergency stop circuits, interlock circuits, limit circuits, and similar safety
measures must be provided in external control circuits.
• The PLC will turn OFF all outputs when its self-diagnosis function detects
any error or when a severe failure alarm (FALS) instruction is executed.
As a countermeasure for such errors, external safety measures must be
provided to ensure safety in the system.
• The PLC will turn OFF all outputs when its self-diagnosis function detects
any error or when a severe failure alarm (FALS) instruction is executed.
Unexpected operation, however, may still occur for errors in the I/O control section, errors in I/O memory, and other errors that cannot be
detected by the self-diagnosis function. As a countermeasure for all such
errors, external safety measures must be provided to ensure safety in the
system.
• Provide measures in the computer system and programming to ensure
safety in the overall system even if errors or malfunctions occur in data
link communications or remote I/O communications.
!Caution Execute online editing only after confirming that no adverse effects will be
caused by extending the cycle time. Otherwise, the input signals may not be
readable.
• Emergency stop circuits, interlock circuits, limit circuits, and similar safety
measures must be provided in external control circuits.
!Caution Fail-safe measures must be taken by the customer to ensure safety in the
event of incorrect, missing, or abnormal signals caused by broken signal
lines, momentary power interruptions, or other causes. Serious accidents may
result from abnormal operation if proper measures are not provided.
!Caution Confirm safety at the destination node before changing or transferring to
another node the contents of a program, the PLC Setup, I/O tables, I/O memory, or parameters. Changing or transferring any of these without confirming
safety may result in injury.
!Caution Tighten the screws on the terminal block of the AC Power Supply Unit to the
torque specified in the operation manual. The loose screws may result in
burning or malfunction.
xxiii
Operating Environment Precautions
4
4
Operating Environment Precautions
!Caution Do not operate the control system in the following locations:
• Locations subject to direct sunlight.
• Locations subject to temperatures or humidity outside the range specified
in the specifications.
• Locations subject to condensation as the result of severe changes in temperature.
• Locations subject to corrosive or flammable gases.
• Locations subject to dust (especially iron dust) or salts.
• Locations subject to exposure to water, oil, or chemicals.
• Locations subject to shock or vibration.
!Caution Take appropriate and sufficient countermeasures when installing systems in
the following locations:
• Locations subject to static electricity or other forms of noise.
• Locations subject to strong electromagnetic fields.
• Locations subject to possible exposure to radioactivity.
• Locations close to power supplies.
5
Application Precautions
Observe the following precautions when using the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port.
!WARNING Always heed these precautions. Failure to abide by the following precautions
could lead to serious or possibly fatal injury.
• Always connect to a ground of 100 Ω or less when installing the Units. Not
connecting to a ground of 100 Ω or less may result in electric shock.
• Always turn OFF the power supply to the CPU Unit and Slaves before
attempting any of the following. Not turning OFF the power supply may
result in malfunction or electric shock.
• Mounting or dismounting Power Supply Units, I/O Units, CPU Units,
Memory Packs, or Master Units.
• Assembling the Units.
• Setting DIP switches or rotary switches.
• Connecting cables or wiring the system.
• Connecting or disconnecting the connectors.
!Caution Failure to abide by the following precautions could lead to faulty operation of
the EtherNet/IP Unit, built-in EtherNet/IP port, or the system, or could damage
the Ethernet Unit. Always heed these precautions.
• Interlock circuits, limit circuits, and similar safety measures in external circuits (i.e., not in the Programmable Controller) must be provided by the
customer.
xxiv
5
Application Precautions
• Always use the power supply voltages specified in the operation manuals.
An incorrect voltage may result in malfunction or burning.
• Take appropriate measures to ensure that the specified power with the
rated voltage and frequency is supplied. Be particularly careful in places
where the power supply is unstable. An incorrect power supply may result
in malfunction.
• Install external breakers and take other safety measures against short-circuiting in external wiring. Insufficient safety measures
• Make sure that all the Backplane mounting screws, terminal block screws,
and cable connector screws are tightened to the torque specified in the
relevant manuals. Incorrect tightening torque may result in malfunction.
• Leave the label attached to the Unit when wiring. Removing the label may
result in malfunction if foreign matter enters the Unit.
• Remove the label after the completion of wiring to ensure proper heat dissipation. Leaving the label attached may result in malfunction.
• Use crimp terminals for wiring. Do not connect bare stranded wires
directly to terminals. Connection of bare stranded wires may result in
burning.
• Observe the following precautions when wiring the communications
cable.
• Separate the communications cables from the power lines or high-tension lines.
• Do not bend the communications cables past their natural bending radius.
• Do not pull on the communications cables.
• Do not place heavy objects on top of the communications cables.
• Always lay communications cable inside ducts.
• Use appropriate communications cables.
• Make sure that the terminal blocks, expansion cable connectors, and
other items with locking devices are locked in place.
• Wire all connections correctly according to instructions in this manual.
• Double-check all wiring and switch settings before turning ON the power
supply. Incorrect wiring may result in burning.
• Mount terminal blocks and connectors only after checking the mounting
location carefully.
• Check the user program (ladder program and other programs) and
parameters for proper execution before actually running it on the Unit. Not
checking the program may result in unexpected operation.
• Confirm that no adverse effect will occur in the system before attempting
any of the following. Not doing so may result in an unexpected operation.
• Changing the operating mode of the PLC.
• Force-setting/force-resetting any bit in memory.
• Changing the present value of any word or any set value in memory.
• After replacing a Unit, resume operation only after transferring to the new
CPU Unit, Special I/O Unit, or CPU Bus Unit the contents of the DM Area,
HR Area, programs, parameters, and other data required for resuming
operation. Not doing so may result in an unexpected operation.
• Before touching a Unit, be sure to first touch a grounded metallic object in
order to discharge any static build-up. Not doing so may result in malfunction or damage.
xxv
6
Conformance to EC Directives
• When transporting the Unit, use special packing boxes and protect it from
being exposed to excessive vibration or impacts during transportation.
• CPU Bus Units will be restarted when routing tables are transferred from
a Programming Device to the CPU Unit. Restarting these Units is
required to read and enable the new routing tables. Confirm that the system will not be adversely affected before allowing the CPU Bus Units to
be reset.
• When the settings (IP address or tag data link settings) of the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port are transferred from a Programming
Device, all of the destination EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP
ports (nodes) will be reset in order to enable the transferred settings.
Transfer settings to the EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports only
after verifying that restarting the Units will not cause any problems in the
system.
• If a repeater hub is used for EtherNet/IP tag data links (cyclic communications), the network's communications load will increase, data collisions
will occur frequently, and stable communications will be impossible.
Always use a switching hub when using tag data links in the network.
• Before resetting a CPU Bus Unit or Special I/O Unit, always verify that
restart the Unit will not cause any problems in the system.
6
6-1
Conformance to EC Directives
Applicable Directives
• EMC Directives
• Low Voltage Directive
6-2
Concepts
EMC Directives
OMRON devices that comply with EC Directives also conform to the related
EMC standards so that they can be more easily built into other devices or the
overall machine. The actual products have been checked for conformity to
EMC standards (see the following note). Whether the products conform to the
standards in the system used by the customer, however, must be checked by
the customer.
EMC-related performance of the OMRON devices that comply with EC Directives will vary depending on the configuration, wiring, and other conditions of
the equipment or control panel on which the OMRON devices are installed.
The customer must, therefore, perform the final check to confirm that devices
and the overall machine conform to EMC standards.
Note
Applicable EMS (Electromagnetic Susceptibility) and EMI (Electromagnetic
Interference) Standards in the EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) standards are as follows:
EtherNet/IP Unit
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
EMS
EN61000-6-2
EMI
EN61000-6-4
(Radiated emission: 10-m
regulations)
Low Voltage Directive
Always ensure that devices operating at voltages of 50 to 1,000 V AC and 75
to 1,500 V DC meet the required safety standards for the PLC (EN61131-2).
xxvi
SECTION 1
Overview of EtherNet/IP
This section introduces the functions and protocols used in EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port communications
services.
1-1
EtherNet/IP Unit Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
1-2
Devices Required for Constructing a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
1-3
Support Software Required to Construct a Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
1-4
Communications Services Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
1-5
Network Configurator Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
1-5-1
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
1-5-2
Network Configurator Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
1-5-3
Precautions When Using the Network Configurator . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
1
Section 1-1
EtherNet/IP Unit Features
1-1
EtherNet/IP Unit Features
CX-One Support
Software
(3) Switching hub
(2) Twisted-pair cable
(1) Built-in EtherNet/IP port on
100 m
max.
(1) CS1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP
Unit for CS-series
Ethernet (LAN) port
CS-series
PLC
(1) CJ1W-EIP21
EtherNet/IP Unit
CJ-series
PLC
CJ2 CPU Unit
([email protected]@-EIP/
[email protected])
CJ-series
PLC
EtherNet/IP System Configuration Example
EtherNet/IP is an industrial multi-vendor network that uses Ethernet components. The EtherNet/IP specifications are open standards managed by the
ODVA (Open DeviceNet Vendor Association), just like DeviceNet.
EtherNet/IP is not just a network between controllers; it is also used as a field
network. Since EtherNet/IP uses standard Ethernet technology, various general-purpose Ethernet devices can be used in the network. The EtherNet/IP
Unit and built-in EtherNet/IP port have the following features.
High-speed, High-capacity
Data Exchange through
Data Links
The EtherNet/IP protocol supports implicit communications, which allows
cyclic communications (called tag data links in this manual) with EtherNet/IP
devices. Data can be exchanged at high speed between Controllers and
devices, using high-volume tag sets (up to 640 words for the CJ2M-EIP21
and up to 184,832 words for other CPU Units) between PLCs.
Tag Data Link (Cyclic
Communications) Cycle
Time
Tag data links (cyclic communications) can operate at the cyclic period specified for each application, regardless of the number of nodes. Data is
exchanged over the network at the refresh cycle set for each connection, so
the communications refresh cycle will not increase even if the number of
nodes is increased, i.e., the synchronicity of the connection’s data is preserved.
Since the refresh cycle can be set for each connection, each application can
communicate at its ideal refresh cycle. For example, a processes interlocks
can be transferred at high speed while the production commands and the status monitor information are transferred at low speed.
Note
Communicating with FINS
Messages (FINS/TCP and
FINS/UDP)
The communications load to the nodes must be within the Units’ allowed communications bandwidth.
Data can be exchanged with other OMRON FA devices using SEND, RECV,
and CMND instructions from the ladder program, because EtherNet/IP supports OMRON’s standard FINS message communications services.
There are two kinds of message services, using UDP/IP and TCP/IP (called
FINS/UDP and FINS/TCP), allowing flexible data exchange for different applications.
Note
There are no particular restrictions when sending FINS messages to OMRON
Ethernet Units (CS1W-ETN21 or CJ1W-ETN21) in an Ethernet network.
Network Connections with
Controller Link
Mutual connections of Controller Link and EtherNet/IP are also supported
(using the FINS communications service). The Controller Link connection
allows a PLC on the Controller Link network to be monitored from a PLC on
the EtherNet/IP network. Conversely, data can be exchanged with a PLC on
the EtherNet/IP network from a PLC on the Controller Link network.
2
Section 1-1
EtherNet/IP Unit Features
FTP Server
A built-in FTP server is provided to enable transferring files in the PLC to and
from a host computer. This enables transferring large amounts of data from a
client without any additional ladder programming.
Automatic PLC Clock
Adjustment
The clocks built into PLCs connected to Ethernet can be automatically
adjusted to the time of the clock in the SNTP server. If all of the clocks in the
system are automatically adjusted to the same time, time stamps can be used
to analyze various production histories.
Note
Manage the Network with
an SNMP Manager
Note
Specify Servers with Host
Names
Note
A separate SNTP server is necessary to automatically adjust the PLC clocks.
Internal status information from the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port can be passed to network management software that uses an SNMP
manager.
A separate SNMP manager is necessary for network management.
DNS client functionality allows you to use host names instead of IP addresses
to specify SNTP servers and SNMP managers. This is useful, for example,
when server IP addresses change for system revisions because the IP
addresses are automatically found when host names are used.
(1) A separate DNS server is necessary to use host names with the DNS client.
(2) The DNS server is specified directly using its IP address.
Set Classless IP Address
with CIDR
A subnet mask can be set to use classless IP addresses, allowing more flexibility in address settings.
Plentiful Troubleshooting
Functions
A variety of functions are provided to quickly identify and handle errors.
• Self-diagnosis at power ON
• PING command to check the connection with another node
• Error Log functions record the time of occurrence and other error details
Note
The CIP (Common Industrial Protocol) is a shared industrial protocol for the
OSI application layer. The CIP is used in networks such as EtherNet/IP, ControlNet, and DeviceNet. Data can be routed easily between networks that are
based on the CIP, so a transparent network can be easily configured from the
field device level to the host level.
The CIP has the following advantages.
• Destination nodes are specified by a relative path, without fixed routing
tables.
• The CIP uses the producer/consumer model. Nodes in the network are
arranged on the same level and it is possible to communicate with
required devices whenever it is necessary.
The consumer node will receive data sent from a producer node when the
connection ID in the packet indicates that the node requires the data.
Since the producer can send the same data with the same characteristics
in a multicast (either multicast or unicast can be selected), the time
required for the transfer is fixed and not dependent on the number of consumer nodes.
3
Section 1-2
Devices Required for Constructing a Network
1-2
Devices Required for Constructing a Network
The basic configuration for an EtherNet/IP System consists of one switching
hub to which nodes are attached in star configuration using twisted-pair cable.
CX-One Support
Software
(3) Switching hub
(2) Twisted-pair cable
(1) Built-in EtherNet/IP port on
100 m
max.
(1) CS1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP
Unit for CS-series
Ethernet (LAN) port
(1) CJ1W-EIP21
EtherNet/IP Unit
CJ2 CPU Unit
([email protected]@-EIP/
[email protected])
CS-series
CJ-series
CJ-series
PLC
PLC
PLC
The devices shown in the following table are required to configure a network
with CS1W-EIP21 and CJ1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Units or the built-in EtherNet/IP port in [email protected]@-EIP/[email protected] CPU Units.
Network device
(1) CS1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP
Units for CS-series PLCs,
CJ1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP
Units for CJ-series PLCs,
or built-in EtherNet/IP port
in [email protected]@-EIP/
[email protected] CPU Units
(2) Twisted-pair cable
(3) Switching Hub
Recommended
Switching Hubs
The twisted-pair cable connects EtherNet/IP Units or
built-in EtherNet/IP ports to the switching hub, with
an RJ45 Modular Connector at each end.
Use an STP (shielded twisted-pair) cable of category
5, 5c, or higher.
This is a relay device that connects multiple nodes in
a star-shaped LAN.
For details on recommended devices for constructing a network, refer to 2-3-1
Recommended Network Devices.
Note
1-3
Contents
These are Communications Units or built-in ports
that connect a CS-series or CJ-series PLC to an EtherNet/IP network.
If a repeater hub is used for EtherNet/IP tag data links (cyclic communications), the network’s communications load will increase, data collisions will
occur frequently, and stable communications will be impossible. Always use a
switching hub when using tag data links in the network.
Support Software Required to Construct a Network
This section describes the Support Software that is required to construct an
EtherNet/IP network. Make the tag data link settings and Unit setup settings
for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. Both of these settings are
stored in the EtherNet/IP Unit’s non-volatile memory (See note.). Support
Software is provided for each, as described below.
Note
Unit Setup: CXProgrammer
4
Unlike the Ethernet Units, the EtherNet/IP Unit’s TCP/IP settings are not
stored in the CPU Unit’s CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area. The settings are
stored in the EtherNet/IP Unit itself.
The CX-Programmer is used to set basic parameters, such as the local IP
address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port and the subnet
mask. (The CX-Programmer is included in the CX-One.)
The CX-Programmer can also be used to check if data I/O is being performed
correctly for tag data links.
Section 1-3
Support Software Required to Construct a Network
Computer
CX-Programmer
EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in
EtherNet/IP port
Edit Parameters
Dialog Box
Unit settings
(Built-in non-volatile memory)
CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
Refer to the CX-Programmer Operation Manual (Cat. No. W446) for information on the CX-Programmer.
Tag Data Link Settings:
Network Configurator
The Network Configurator is used to set the tag data links for the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. (The Network Configurator is included in CXOne version 3.0 or higher.) The main functions of the Network Configurator
are given below.
1) Setting and Monitoring Tag Data Links (Connections)
The network device configuration and tag data links (connections) can be created and edited. After connecting to the network, the device configuration and
tag data link settings can be uploaded and monitored.
2) Multivendor Device Connections
EDS files can be installed and deleted to enable constructing, setting, and
managing networks that contain EtherNet/IP devices from other companies.
The IP addresses of EtherNet/IP devices can also be changed.
Computer
Network Configurator
EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port
Tag Data Link Settings
(Built-in non-volatile memory)
Edit Device
Parameters
Dialog Box
Transferred
CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
For details on the Network Configurator, refer to SECTION 6 Tag Data Link
Functions.
Routing Table Settings:
CX-Integrator
Propriety OMRON FINS network system can be constructed from OMRON
Communications Units. When FINS services are used, the CX-Integrator
allows you to set routing tables to define transmission paths. (The CX-Integrator is included in the CX-One.) If FINS services are not used, then routing
tables are not required.
5
Section 1-4
Communications Services Overview
Personal computer
running Windows
CX-Integrator
EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port
Routing table
settings
Routing Table Area
CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
Refer to the CX-Integrator Operation Manual (Cat. No. W464) for information
on the CX-Integrator.
1-4
Communications Services Overview
The following communications services are supported.
CIP (Common Industrial Protocol) Communications Services
1) Tag Data Links (Cyclic Communications)
A program is not required to perform cyclic data exchanges with other devices
in the EtherNet/IP network.
Normally, the tag data links in an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
are started by grouping the tags created with the Network Configurator into a
tag set, and establishing a connection with the target device using that group
of tags. One connection is used per group (tag set). Up to 32 connections for
the CJ2M-EIP21 and up to 256 connections for other CPU Units) can be registered.
The following table gives the tag and tag set specifications.
Tag sets
CS1W-EIP21
[email protected]
CJ1W-EIP21
[email protected]@-EIP
Total size of all tags ≤ 640
Maximum size of 1 tag set ≤ Maximum size of 1 tag set ≤
words
722 words
640 words*1
(The maximum size is 721
(The maximum size is 639
words when the tag set
words when the tag set
includes the PLC status.)
includes the PLC status.)*2
Maximum size of 1 tag ≤ 722 Maximum size of 1 tag ≤ 640 Number of tags per tag set ≤ 8
words
(7 tags/tag set when the tag set includes the PLC status)
words*1
(The maximum size is 721
Note Input and output variables cannot be combined.
(The maximum size is 639
words when the tag set
words when the tag set
includes the PLC status.)
includes the PLC status.)*2
Number of registrable tags ≤ Number of registrable tags ≤ Number of registrable tag
Number of registrable tag
256
32
sets ≤ 256
sets ≤ 32
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
[email protected]@-EIP
Total size of all tags ≤
184,832 words
Tags
[email protected]
*1 Unit version 2.0: 20 words maximum.
*2 Unit version 2.0: 19 words maximum.
6
Section 1-4
Communications Services Overview
Connection information
• Target IP address
• Target tag set
• Originator tag set
• Packet interval (RPI)
Connection
Tag Set (Inputs)
Tag Set (Outputs)
Tag set name: SP1_IN
Tag set name: SP1_IN
PLC Status
PLC Status
Tag a
Tag i
Tag b
Tag ii
Data flow
Tag c
:
Tag g
Originator
device
Note
Target
device
EtherNet/IP
(1) In this example, a connection is established with the originator’s tag list
containing tags a to g (inputs), which are grouped in a tag set called
SP1_IN, and the target’s tag list containing tags i and ii (outputs), which
are grouped in a tag set called SP1_OUT.
(2) The specifications for using tag data links with the CJ2M built-in EtherNet/IP port on a [email protected] CPU Unit are different from the specifications for EtherNet/IP Units (CJ1W-EIP21 or CS1W-EIP21) and the CJ2H
built-in EtherNet/IP port on a [email protected]@-EIP CPU Unit. Make sure
you are using the correct specifications for the application.
Refer to 2-1-3 Communications Specifications for the communications
specifications.
2) Message Communications (Unconnected Message Service)
User-specified CIP commands can be sent to devices on the EtherNet/IP network. CIP commands, such as those for reading and writing data, can be sent
and their responses received by executing the CMND instruction from the CS/
CJ-series CPU Unit’s user program (without using a connection).
EtherNet/IP Unit
CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
CMND
CIP command
Ethernet
(EtherNet/IP)
Response
7
Section 1-4
Communications Services Overview
CIP messages (CIP commands and responses) can also be transferred to
another CIP-based network via the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port using the CIP routing function for message communications.
In the CS/CJ Series, CIP routing is possible only through two EtherNet/IP
Units or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
EtherNet/IP
CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
Ethernet
(EtherNet/IP), etc.
EtherNet/IP Unit
FINS
Communications
Service
FINS commands can be sent to or received from other PLCs or computers on
the same Ethernet network by executing SEND(090), RECV(098), or
CMND(490) instructions in the ladder diagram program. This enables various
control operations such as the reading and writing of I/O memory between
PLCs, mode changes, and file memory operations.
Note
There are no particular restrictions when sending FINS messages to OMRON
Ethernet Units (CS1W-ETN21 or CJ1W-ETN21) in an Ethernet network.
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
IP
UDP or TCP
FINS
IP
UDP or TCP
FINS
CS/CJ-series CPU
Unit
Ethernet Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
User program
SEND(090),
RECV(098), or
CMND(490)
instruction
Various control operations (such as the reading and writing of I/O memory
between PLCs, mode changes, and file memory operations) can be executed
from the host computer by sending the corresponding FINS command with a
UDP/IP or TCP/IP header attached.
For example, it is possible to connect online via Ethernet from FINS communications applications such as the CX-Programmer, and to perform remote programming and monitoring. (See note.)
Note
8
Use CX-Programmer version 4.0 to use TCP/IP. For lower versions of CXProgrammer, FinsGateway Version 2003 or higher is required to use TCP/IP.
Section 1-4
Communications Services Overview
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
IP
UDP or TCP
FINS
CS/CJ-series CPU
Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
The FINS gateway function enables access to PLCs on not only the same
Ethernet network but on various other networks, including SYSMAC LINK and
Controller Link.
9
Network Configurator Overview
1-5
Section 1-5
Network Configurator Overview
1-5-1
Overview
Network Configurator version 3.0 or higher is a software package designed
for building, setting, and controlling a multi-vendor EtherNet/IP Network using
OMRON's EtherNet/IP. It is included in CX-One version 4.0 or higher. Network Configurator version 3.20 is necessary to use the built-in EtherNet/IP
port on a [email protected] CPU Unit. Network Configurator version 3.20 is
included with CX-One version 4.0 or higher. The Network Configurator provides the following functions for building, setting, and controlling EtherNet/IP.
Network Control
The Network configuration can be created and edited regardless of whether
the Network Configurator is online or offline. The Network configuration can
be read from a file or the network.
Hardware (EDS File)
Control
EDS files used by the Network Configurator can be installed and deleted.
1-5-2
Network Configurator Requirements
Item
Operating environment
Network
connection
method
Serial interface
Ethernet interface
Location on Network
Number of Units that can be
connected to Network
Main func- Network control
tions
functions
Hardware control
functions
Supported file formats
10
Specification
Refer to the CX-One Setup Manual (W463).
[email protected]@C-V4/[email protected]@D-V4
CS1/CJ1
CJ2
CPU Unit’s Peripheral or RS-232C port
CPU Unit’s USB or RS-232C port
EtherNet/IP Unit’s Ethernet port
CPU Unit’s Ethernet port
EtherNet/IP Unit’s Ethernet port
A single node address is used (only when directly connected to EtherNet/IP).
A single Network Configurator per network (More than one Configurator cannot be
used in the same system.)
• The network configuration can be created and edited regardless of whether the Network Configurator is online or offline.
• The network configuration can be read from a file or the network.
The EDS files used by the Network Configurator can be installed and deleted.
Configurator network configuration files (*.nvf)
Configuration files (*.ncf) created using the Network Configurator for EtherNet/IP
(version 2) can be imported by selecting External Data - Import from the File
Menu.
Section 1-5
Network Configurator Overview
1-5-3
Precautions When Using the Network Configurator
Only an OMRON EtherNet/IP Unit can be set as the originator for a connection using the Network Configurator.
• The Network Configurator can be connected to the EtherNet/IP network
through the following ports:
• CS1/CJ1-series CPU Unit’s serial port (peripheral or RS-232C) or
Ethernet port on EtherNet/IP Unit
• CJ2-series CPU Unit’s serial port (USB or RS-232C), Ethernet port on
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
• The Network Configurator can be connected directly to the EtherNet/IP
network from the computer’s Ethernet port. When connecting directly to
the EtherNet/IP network, an Ethernet port must be set up in the computer
in advance. In this case, the Network Configurator will be connected to
the EtherNet/IP network as a single node. If there isn’t an unused node
address available, the Network Configurator can’t be connected directly
to the EtherNet/IP network.
11
Network Configurator Overview
12
Section 1-5
SECTION 2
Unit Specifications
This section provides the specifications of EtherNet/IP Units and introduces recommended network configuration devices.
2-1
2-2
2-3
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications . . . . . . . . . . .
14
2-1-1
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
2-1-2
Unit Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
2-1-3
Communications Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
2-1-4
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
2-1-5
Software Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
Nomenclature and Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
2-2-1
Nomenclature and Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
2-2-2
Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
Selecting the Network Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
2-3-1
Recommended Network Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
2-3-2
Network Devices Manufactured by OMRON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
2-3-3
Switching Hub Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
2-3-4
Switching Hub Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
2-3-5
Precautions When Selecting a Switching Hub . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
13
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
2-1
2-1-1
Section 2-1
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port
Specifications
General Specifications
The general specifications conform to those of the CS-series and CJ-series
PLCs.
2-1-2
Unit Specifications
CS-series EtherNet/IP Units
Item
Model number
Type
Applicable PLCs
Unit classification
Mounting location
Number of Units that can be
mounted
Specifications
CS1W-EIP21
100Base-TX (See note.)
CS-series PLCs
CS-series CPU Bus Unit
CPU Rack or Expansion Rack
8 max. (including Expansion Racks)
CPU Unit
Allocated CIO Area
words used words (CPU Bus Unit
words)
25 words/Unit (one unit number’s words)
These words contain control bits and flags, the target node PLC’s operating and
error information, Unit status, communications status, registered/normal target
node information, and FINS/TCP connection status.
100 words/Unit (one unit number’s words)
These words contain the IP address display/setting area
Allocated DM Area
words (CPU Bus Unit
words)
User-set area
Any usable data area words
Target node PLC’s operating and error information, and registered/normal target
node information
CPU Bus Unit System Not used.
Setup
Non-volatile memory within EtherThe following settings are stored in the EtherNet/IP Unit’s non-volatile memory.
Net/IP Unit (See note.)
Note Unlike the regular Ethernet Units, the CPU Bus Unit Setup Area in the CPU
Unit is not used for these settings.
1. Unit setup (communications settings for the EtherNet/IP Unit, such as the IP address, DNS server settings, host name, baud rate, FINS/UDP settings, and FINS/
TCP settings)
2. Tag data link settings (device parameters)
Transfer
Media access method CSMA/CD
specificaModulation method
Baseband
tions
Transmission paths
Star form
Baud rate
100 Mbit/s (100Base-TX)
Transmission media
Shielded twisted-pair (STP) cable
Categories: 100 Ω at 5, 5e
Transmission distance 100 m (distance between hub and node)
Number of cascade
There is no limitation when a switching hub is used.
connections
Current consumption (Unit)
410 mA max. at 5 V DC
Weight
171 g max.
Dimensions
35 × 130 × 101 mm (W × H × D)
Other general specifications
Other specifications conform to the general specifications of the CS-series
Note
14
If tag data links are being used, use 100Base-TX. Otherwise, 10Base-T can
be used, but this is not recommended.
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
Section 2-1
CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit
Item
Model number
Type
Applicable PLCs
Unit classification
Mounting location
Number of Units that can be
mounted
CPU Unit
Allocated CIO Area
words used words (CPU Bus
Unit words)
Allocated DM Area
words (CPU Bus
Unit words)
User-set area
CPU Bus Unit System Setup
Non-volatile memory within EtherNet/IP Unit (See note.)
Transfer
specifications
Media access
method
Modulation method
Transmission paths
Baud rate
Transmission media
Transmission distance
Number of cascade
connections
Current consumption (Unit)
Weight
Dimensions
Other general specifications
Note
Specifications
CJ1W-EIP21
100Base-TX (See note.)
CJ-series PLCs
CJ-series CPU Bus Unit
CPU Rack or Expansion Rack
8 max. (including Expansion Racks)
Note Up to seven EtherNet/IP Units can be connected to a [email protected]@-EIP CPU
Unit. A maximum of two EtherNet/IP Units can be connected to a CJ2M CPU
Unit (regardless of whether the CPU Unit has a built-in port).
25 words/Unit (one unit number’s words)
These words contain control bits and flags, the target node PLC’s operating and error
information, Unit status, communications status, registered/normal target node information, and FINS/TCP connection status.
100 words/Unit (one unit number’s words)
These words contain the IP address display/setting area.
Any usable data area words
Target node PLC’s operating and error information, and registered/normal target
node information
Not used.
The following settings are stored in the EtherNet/IP Unit’s non-volatile memory.
Note Unlike the regular Ethernet Units, the CPU Bus Unit Setup Area in the CPU
Unit is not used for these settings.
1. Unit Setup (communications settings for the EtherNet/IP Unit, such as the IP address, DNS server settings, host name, baud rate, FINS/UDP settings, and FINS/
TCP settings)
2. Tag data link settings (device parameters)
CSMA/CD
Baseband
Star form
100 Mbit/s (100Base-TX)
Shielded twisted-pair (STP) cable
Categories: 100 Ω at 5, 5e
100 m (distance between hub and node)
There is no limitation when a switching hub is used.
410 mA max. at 5 V DC
94 g max.
31 × 90 × 65 mm (W × H × D)
Other specifications conform to the general specifications of the CJ-series.
If tag data links are being used, use 100Base-TX. Otherwise, 10Base-T can
be used, but this is not recommended.
15
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
Section 2-1
CJ2 CPU Built-in EtherNet/IP Port
Item
Model number
Type
Unit classification
CPU Unit
Allocated CIO Area
words used words (CPU Bus
Unit words)
Allocated DM Area
words (CPU Bus
Unit words)
User-set area
CPU Bus Unit System Setup
Non-volatile memory for the CJ2
built-in EtherNet/IP port
Specifications
[email protected]@-EIP
[email protected]
100Base-TX (See note.)
CJ2 CPU Unit built-in port (CJ2 CPU Bus Unit)
25 words/Unit (one unit number’s words)
These words contain control bits and flags, the target node PLC’s operating and error
information, Unit status, communications status, registered/normal target node information, and FINS/TCP connection status.
100 words/Unit (one unit number’s words)
These words contain the IP address display/setting area.
Any usable data area words
Target node PLC’s operating and error information, and registered/normal target
node information
Not used.
The following settings are stored in the non-volatile memory for the built-in EtherNet/
IP port.
Note Unlike the regular Ethernet Units, the CPU Bus Unit Setup Area in the CPU
Unit is not used for these settings.
Transfer
specifications
Media access
method
Modulation method
Transmission paths
Baud rate
Transmission media
Transmission distance
Number of cascade
connections
Current consumption (Unit)
Weight
Dimensions
Other general specifications
Note
16
1. Unit Setup (communications settings for the built-in EtherNet/IP port, such as the
IP address, DNS server settings, host name, baud rate, FINS/UDP settings, and
FINS/TCP settings)
2. Tag data link settings (device parameters)
CSMA/CD
Baseband
Star form
100 Mbit/s (100Base-TX)
Shielded twisted-pair (STP) cable
Categories: 100 Ω at 5, 5e
100 m (distance between hub and node)
There is no limitation when a switching hub is used.
For CJ2 CPU Units, refer to the CJ2 CPU Hardware Operation Manual (W472).
Other specifications conform to the general specifications of the CJ2 or built-in EtherNet/IP port CJ2 CPU Unit.
If tag data links are being used, use 100Base-TX. Otherwise, 10Base-T can
be used, but this is not recommended.
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
2-1-3
Section 2-1
Communications Specifications
CIP
Tag data
service links
(Cyclic
communications)
Item
CS1/CJ1
CJ2H
Number of connections 256
Packet interval (refresh 0.5 to 10,000 ms (in 0.5-ms units)
cycle)
Can be set independently for each connection.
(Data is refreshed over the network at the preset
interval and does not depend on the number of
nodes.)
Allowed communications bandwidth per
Unit
Number of tags that
can be registered
Tag types
CJ2M
32
1 to 10,000 ms (in 0.5ms units)
Can be set independently for each connection.
(Data is refreshed over
the network at the preset interval and does
not depend on the
number of nodes.)
3000 pps (See note 1.)
6,000 to 12,000 pps (See note 1.)
(Units with unit version 2.1 or earlier: 6,000 pps) Note Including the
heartbeat.
Note Including the heartbeat.
256
32
CIO Area, DM Area, EM Area, Holding Area, Work Area, and network
symbols (See note 8.)
8 (7 tags when the tag set contains the PLC status)
Number of tags per
connection (= 1 tag
set)
Maximum link data size 184,832 words
per node (total size of
all tags)
Maximum data size per 252 words or 722 words (See note 2.)
connection
Note Data synchronicity is maintained within
each connection.
Number of registrable
tag sets
256
(1 connection = 1 tag set)
Maximum size of 1 tag
set
722 words
(The PLC status uses 1 word when the tag set
contains the PLC status.)
Maximum number of
tags that can be
refreshed per CPU Unit
cycle (See note 3.)
Output/Transmission
(CPU → EtherNet/IP):
19
Input/Reception
(EtherNet/IP → CPU):
20 (See note 4.)
Data that can be
Output/Transmission
refreshed per CPU Unit (CPU → EtherNet/IP):
cycle (See note 3.)
7,405 words
Input/Reception
(EtherNet/IP → CPU):
7,405 words
Changing tag data link Supported (See note 5.)
parameters during
operation
Multicast packet filter
Supported
function (See note 6.)
Output/Transmission
(CPU → EtherNet/IP):
256
Input/Reception
(EtherNet/IP → CPU):
256
Output/Transmission
(CPU → EtherNet/IP):
6,432 words
Input/Reception
(EtherNet/IP → CPU):
6,432 words
640 words (See
note 9.)
640 words (See
note 9.)
Note Data synchronicity is maintained
within each connection.
32
(1 connection = 1 tag
set)
20 words
(The PLC status uses 1
word when the tag set
contains the PLC status.)
Output/Transmission
(CPU → EtherNet/IP):
32
Input/Reception
(EtherNet/IP → CPU):
32
Output/Transmission
(CPU → EtherNet/IP):
640 words
Input/Reception
(EtherNet/IP → CPU):
640 words
17
Section 2-1
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
Item
CIP
Explicit
service messaging
CS1/CJ1
CJ2H
CJ2M
Class 3 (connected)
UCMM (unconnected)
Number of connections: 128
Number of clients that can communicate at one
time:
32 max.
Number of servers that can communicate at one
time:
32 max.
CIP routing
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
[email protected]@-EIP
[email protected]
Supported
16 connections max.
SNMPv1, SNMPv2c
MIB-II
Conforms to A5
10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX
Auto Negotiation or fixed settings
FINS service
(See note 7.)
FINS/UDP
FINS/TCP
SNMP
Agent
MIB
EtherNet/IP conformance test
Ethernet interface
Note
Number of clients that
can communicate at
one time:
16 max.
Number of servers that
can communicate at
one time:
16 max.
(1) In this case, pps means “packets per second” and indicates the number
of packets that can be processed in one second.
(2) To use 505 to 1,444 bytes as the data size, the system must support the
Large Forward Open standard (an optional CIP specification). The SYSMAC CS/CJ-series Units support this standard, but before connecting to
nodes of other companies, confirm that those devices also support it.
(3) If the maximum data size is exceeded, the data refreshing with the CPU
Unit will extend over two or more cycles.
(4) If status layout is selected in the user settings, the maximum number of
tags that can be received is 19 tags.
(5) If parameters are changed in the EtherNet/IP Unit, however, the EtherNet/IP Unit will be restarted. When other nodes are communicating with
the affected node, the communications will temporarily time out and automatically recover later.
(6) Because the EtherNet/IP Unit is equipped with an IGMP client (version
2), unnecessary multicast packets can be filtered by using a switching
hub that supports IGMP snooping.
(7) The EtherNet/IP Unit uses the TCP/UDP port numbers shown in the following table.
Service
Tag data links
Class 3, UCMM
DNS
FINS/UDP service
FINS/TCP service
FTP
SNTP
SNMP
SNMP trap
Protocol
UDP
TCP/UDP
UDP
UDP
TCP
TCP
UDP
UDP
UDP
Port number
2222
44818
53
9600
9600
20, 21
123
161
162
Remarks
Fixed value
Port numbers in the Unit
Setup can be changed with
the CX-Programmer.
(8) Network symbols are supported only for the [email protected] and
[email protected] CPU Units.
18
Section 2-1
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
(9) Unit version 2.0: 20 words maximum.
Note
2-1-4
The communications specifications of EtherNet/IP ports on CJ2M CPU Units
depend on the unit version. Check the differences in specifications between
unit versions carefully before using a port.
Dimensions
CS1W-EIP21
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
UNIT
NO.
NODE
NO.
0
0
1
×161
130 mm
IP
×160
ADDRESS
192.168.250.1
SUBNET
MASK
255.255.255.0
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
35 mm
101 mm
CJ1W-EIP21
65 mm
31 mm
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
EF01
6789
2345
ABCD
IP
ADDRESS
EF01
EF01
6789
ABCD
ABCD
90 mm
x161
6789
2345
2345
UNIT
No.
NODE
No.
x160
192.168.250.1
SUBNET
MASK
255.255.255.0
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
19
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
Section 2-1
[email protected]@-EIP
2.7 mm
66.2 mm
90 mm
65 mm
2.7 mm
79.8 mm
74.5 mm
[email protected]
76.16 mm
2.7 mm
90 mm
2.7 mm
62 mm
75 mm
84.5 mm
20
Section 2-1
EtherNet/IP Unit and Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Specifications
2-1-5
Software Configuration
Memory Card/
EM file memory
Interface with CPU Unit
FINS
FINS
FINS
encapsulization
Cyclic
Tag data link function
FTP
FINS Service
(FINS/UDP and FINS/TCP)
FINS
Explicit messaging
Automatic
clock adjustment
CIP
Encapsulation
UDP
TCP
ARP
IP
ICMP
IGMP
LAN controller driver
LAN controller
21
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
2-2
2-2-1
Nomenclature and Functions
Nomenclature and Functions
CS1W-EIP21
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
LED Indicators
UNIT
NO.
NODE
NO.
0
Node address
setting switches
1
×161
IP
Unit number
setting switch
0
×160
ADDRESS
Label showing
IP address
192.168.250.1
SUBNET
MASK
255.255.255.0
Backplane
Connector
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
Ethernet
connector
CJ1W-EIP21
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
EF012
6789
345
ABCD
EF012
EF012
ADDRESS
ABCD
6789
IP
x161
6789
345
345
ABCD
192.168.250.1
SUBNET
MASK
UNIT
No.
NODE
No.
x160
LED Indicators
Unit number
setting switch
Node address
setting switches
Label showing
IP address
255.255.255.0
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
Ethernet
connector
22
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
Built-in EtherNet/IP Port in [email protected]@-EIP
LED Indicators
Unit number
setting switch
Node address
setting switches
Label showing
IP address
Ethernet
connector
Built-in EtherNet/IP Port in [email protected]
LED Indicators
Unit number
setting switch
Node address
setting switches
Label showing
IP address
Ethernet
connector
Ethernet Address
Notation
A specific Ethernet address is allocated to all devices connected to the Ethernet network. The EtherNet/IP Unit’s address is listed in 12-digit hexadecimal
on the right side of the Unit.
CS1W-EIP21
ETHERNET/IP UNIT
Lot No.
OMRON Corporation
MADE IN JAPAN
@@@@@@@@@@@@
Ethernet Address
Ethernet address (12 digits)
Note
(1) The Ethernet Address can also be checked with the CONTROLLER
DATA READ command. For details, refer to Appendix E FINS Commands
Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports.
(2) An IP address label is included with the EtherNet/IP Unit, so the user can
record the user-set IP address and subnet mask on the label, and affix
the label to the front of the Unit. When this label is affixed to the front of
the Unit, it is easy to confirm the Unit’s IP address and subnet mask.
23
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
EF012
6789
345
UNIT
No.
Example label
IP
ADDRESS
192.168.250.1
SUBNET
MASK
ABCD
255.255.255.0
EF012
EF012
ADDRESS
ABCD
6789
IP
x161
6789
345
345
NODE
No.
x160
Affix the label on the front of the
EtherNet/IP Unit, between the
node address switches and the
Ethernet connector.
ABCD
192.168.250.1
SUBNET
MASK
255.255.255.0
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
Indicators
A EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP port is equipped with the following
indicators that indicate the operating status of the node itself and the overall
network.
CS1W-EIP21
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
CJ1W-EIP21, [email protected]@-EIP, and [email protected]
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
Status Indicators: MS, NS,
COMM, 100M, and 10M
The MS (Module Status) indicator indicates the status of the node itself and
the NS (Network Status) indicator indicates the status of the network.
The COMM, 100M, and 10M indicators indicate the status of Ethernet communications.
The MS and NS indicators can be green or red. The COMM, 100M, and 10M
indicators are yellow. These indicators can be lit, flashing, or not lit. The following table shows the meaning of these indicator conditions.
Refer to SECTION 14 Troubleshooting and Error Processing for details on
using these indicators for troubleshooting.
24
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
Indicator
Name
MS
Module Status
NS
Color
Red
Green
--Network Status Red
Green
COMM
--Communication Yellow
100M
100 Mbps
Yellow
10M
10 Mbps
Yellow
LED status
Lit
Flashing
Lit
Not lit
Lit
Flashing
Lit
Flashing
Not lit
Lit
Not lit
Lit
Not lit
Lit
Not lit
Indicated operating status
Fatal error
Recoverable error
Normal
Power supply OFF
Fatal error
Recoverable error
Tag data link and message connections established
Tag data link and message connections not established
Offline or power supply OFF
Transferring data
Not transferring data
100BASE-TX link established
100BASE-TX link not established
10BASE-TX link established
10BASE-TX link not established
25
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
Seven-segment Display
When the power is turned ON (or the Unit is restarted), all of the segments will
flash twice, the IP address set in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port will be displayed on the 7-segment display just once, from right to left.
Afterwards, the rightmost 8 bits of the IP address is displayed in hexadecimal
during normal operation.
If the d5 error (verification error, target nonexistent) mask is enabled, the right
dot on the hexadecimal display of the lower 8 bits of the IP address will light.
Example 1: Displaying IP Address 192.168.250.10
The IP address is displayed in decimal, flowing from right to left.
If the Unit is operating normally, the last digit of the
Unit's IP address is displayed in hexadecimal.
Flashing: The tag data link is stopped.
Lit: The tag data link is operating.
Right dot lit: D5 error (verification error, target
nonexistent) masked.
If an error occurs, the error code will be displayed alternately with the rightmost byte of the affected device’s IP address. For details on error codes, refer
to SECTION 14 Troubleshooting and Error Processing.
Note
26
For EtherNet/IP Units (built-in ports) that are manufactured in January 2014 or
later, you can use a d5 error (verification error, target nonexistent) mask.
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
Displaying Multiple Error Sources
• A d6 error (failed to establish connection) occurred with IP address
192.168.250.8.
• A d6 error (failed to establish connection) occurred with IP address
192.168.250.9.
• A d5 error (verification error, target nonexistent) occurred with IP address
192.168.250.64.
• A C6 error (multiple switches ON) and EA error (EtherNet/IP expansion
setting error) occurred at the local EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port, IP address 192.168.250.10.
The error code is displayed and then the last digit of the target node's
IP address is displayed in hexadecimal.
Displays errors that occurred
within the Unit.
The last digit of the Unit's IP address
is displayed in hexadecimal.
• There is no particular priority to the order in which the errors are displayed. All of the errors are displayed repeatedly in order.
27
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
Right and Left Dot LEDs
If an error occurred in two or more devices with the same rightmost byte in
their IP addresses, the Right Dot LED will be lit while the devices’ error is
being displayed.
Example: Displaying the Following Errors
• A d6 error (failed to establish connection) occurred with IP address
10.0.1.8.
• A d6 error (failed to establish connection) occurred with IP address
10.0.2.8.
2-2-2
Switch Settings
Unit Number Setting
Switch
The Unit Number Setting Switch sets the unit number of the EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port as a CPU Bus Unit. The unit number determines
which data area words are allocated to the Unit to contain data such as control bits, flags, status information, and connection information.
6543
DCB
210FE
A987
Setting method
One-digit hexadecimal
Setting range
0 to F
Note The unit number is factory-set to 0.
The unit number can be set to any number in the setting range (0 to F), as
long as the same number is not set on another CPU Bus Unit in the same
PLC.
Note
(1) Use a small screwdriver to make the setting, and be sure not to damage
the rotary switch.
(2) Always turn OFF the PLC’s power supply before setting the unit number.
(3) The unit number is factory-set to 0.
(4) If the same unit number is set on more than one CPU Bus Unit mounted
in a PLC, a unit number duplication error will occur in the PLC and the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port will not be able to start operating.
28
Section 2-2
Nomenclature and Functions
The Node Address Setting Switch sets the node address of the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
3210F
7654
6543
X161
EDC
DCB
210FE
BA98
Node Address Setting
Switch
X160
A987
Setting method
Two-digit hexadecimal
Setting range
01 to FE
Note The node address is factory-set to 01. With the default settings, the values set
on these switches become the last two digits of the local IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Default IP address = 192.168.250.node address
With the factory-default node address setting of 01, the default IP address is
192.168.250.1.
The node address can be set to any number in the setting range (01 to FE),
as long as the same address is not set on another node in the network.
Note
If the node address setting is changed during operation, the MS Indicator will
flash red.
29
Section 2-3
Selecting the Network Devices
2-3
Selecting the Network Devices
2-3-1
Recommended Network Devices
The following table shows the devices recommended for use with the EtherNet/IP.
Part
Switching
Hub
Twisted-pair
cable
Connectors
(Modular
plug)
Boots
Maker
Cisco Systems, Inc.
Model number
Consult the manufacturer.
Contec USA, Inc.
Phoenix Contact
Consult the manufacturer.
Consult the manufacturer.
Hirschmann AutomaConsult the manufacturer.
tion and Control
100BASE-TX
Fujikura
F-LINK-E 0.5mm × 4P
EtherNet/IP compliant cable
STP Plug
Panduit Corporation
MPS588
Tsuko Company
Note
Inquires
Cisco Systems, Inc. Main Corporate HQ
CONTEC USA Inc.
Phoenix Contact USA Customer
Service
Hirschmann Automation and Control (US)
Fujikura America, Inc.
--Panduit Corporation US Headquarters
Tsuko Company Japan Headquarters
MK boot (IV) LB
(1) Always use a switching hub when using tag data links in the network.
(2) If a repeater hub is used for EtherNet/IP tag data links (cyclic communications), the network’s communications load will increase, data collisions
will occur frequently, and stable communications will be impossible.
2-3-2
Network Devices Manufactured by OMRON
The following network devices are manufactured by OMRON for EtherNet/IP
networks.
Name
Model
Switching Hub W4S1-03B
W4S1-05B
W4S1-05C
2-3-3
Function
Packet priority control (QoS):
EtherNet/IP control data priority
Failure detection: Broadcast
storm, LSI error detection, 10/
100Base-TX, Auto-Negotiation
Number of Error detection
ports
output
3
None
5
None
5
Provided.
Switching Hub Types
Unmanaged Layer 2 (L2)
Switching Hubs
These switching hubs use the Ethernet MAC address to switch ports. Ordinary switching hubs have this function. Switching hub functions and settings
cannot be changed.
Managed Layer 2 (L2)
Switching Hubs
These switching hubs use the Ethernet address to switch ports. Switching hub
functions and settings can be changed using special software tools for switching hubs running on a network node. Analytical data can also be collected.
These switching hubs provide more-advanced functions than unmanaged
layer 2 switching hubs.
30
Section 2-3
Selecting the Network Devices
2-3-4
Switching Hub Functions
This section describes the switching hub functions that are important when
using an EtherNet/IP network. When using an EtherNet/IP Unit, set the following two functions.
• Multicast filtering
• QoS (Quality of Service) for TCP/UDP port numbers (L4)
Multicast Filtering
Multicast filtering transfers multicast packets to the specific nodes only. This
function is implemented in the switching hub as IGMP Snooping or GMRP.
“Specific nodes” are nodes equipped with an IGMP client that have made
transfer requests to the switching hub. (OMRON EtherNet/IP Units are
equipped with an IGMP client.)
When the hub does not use multicast filtering, multicast packets are sent to all
nodes, just like broadcast packets, which increases the traffic in the network.
Settings must be made in the switching hub to enable this function.
There must be enough multicast filters for the network being used.
QoS (Quality of Service)
Function for TCP/UDP
Port Numbers (L4)
This function controls the priority of packet transmissions so that packets can
be sent with higher priority to a particular IP address or TCP (UDP) port. The
TCP and UDP protocols are called transport layer protocols, leading to the
name L4 (layer 4) QoS function.
When tag data links and message communications are executed on the same
network, tag data links can be sent at higher priority to prevent problems such
as transmission delays due to message communications traffic and packet
losses due to buffer overflow. Settings must be made in the switching hub to
enable this function and give higher priority to tag data link packets.
Support for the above two functions is as follows for the different types of
switching hubs.
Hub
Unmanaged L2 switching hub
Managed L2 switching hub
OMRON W4S1-series Switching
Hubs
Note
2-3-5
Multicast
filtering
None
Provided.
L4 QoS
None
Provided.
None
Provided.
Remarks
--Both functions must
be set with a special
software tool.
L4 QoS is set using
a switch. No software tool is necessary.
If the Network Configurator is used to set the connection type in the connection settings to a multicast connection, multicast packets will be used. If the
connection type is set to a point-to-point connection, multicast packets will not
be used.
Precautions When Selecting a Switching Hub
The functions supported by the switching hub may affect tag data link transmission delays and the configuration. In addition, if the switching hub supports
advanced functions, special settings are required for those functions.
31
Section 2-3
Selecting the Network Devices
When selecting a switching hub, it is necessary to consider whether the
switching hub will be selected based on the kind and amount of communications that will be performed in the network or the kind of switching hub that
you want to use. Refer to the following precautions when selecting a switching
hub.
Refer to 10-2 Adjusting the Communications Load to estimate the communications load for tag data links.
Selecting the Switching Hub Based on the Types of Network Communications
Executing Tag Data Links
Only
We recommend using an L2 switching hub without multicast filtering or an L2
switching hub with multicast filtering.
Using an L2 switching hub with multicast filtering prevents increased traffic
due to unnecessary multicast packets, so the tag data links can operate at
higher speed. If either of the following conditions exists, the amount traffic will
be the same for both kinds of L2 switching hubs (with or without multicast filtering).
• The tag data links are set to share the same data with all nodes in the network. (The multicast packets are transferred to all nodes in the network,
just like a broadcast.)
• The tag data link settings are all one-to-one (unicast) and multicast packets cannot be used.
If multicast filters are being used, settings must be made in the switching hub.
There must be enough multicast filters for all of the networks being used.
Executing Tag Data Links
and Message
Communications
We recommend using an L2 switching hub with multicast filtering and L4 QoS.
By setting tag data links for higher-priority transmission, it is possible to prevent problems such as transmission delays due to message communications
traffic and packet losses due to buffer overflow. Settings must be made in the
switching hub to enable this function and give higher priority to tag data link
packets.
Special settings must be made in the switching hub when using the multicast
filtering function and L4 QoS function.
Selecting the Switching Hub Based on the Hub’s Supported Functions
L2 Switching Hub without
Multicast Filtering
We recommend this kind of switching hub when only tag data links are executed and any of the following conditions is met.
• The tag data links are set to share the same data with all nodes in the network. (The multicast packets are transferred to all nodes in the network,
just like a broadcast.)
• The tag data link settings are all one-to-one (unicast) and multicast packets cannot be used.
• There is little traffic in the tag data links.
No special settings are required for an L2 switching hub without multicast filtering.
L2 Switching Hub with
Multicast Filtering
We recommend this kind of switching hub when only tag data links are executed and the following condition is met.
• There are many 1:N links (where N represents some number of nodes in
the network) in the tag data link settings, i.e., there are many multicast
packets used, or there is heavy traffic in the tag data links.
Special settings are required for an L2 switching hub with multicast filtering.
There must be enough multicast filters for the network being used.
32
Selecting the Network Devices
L3 Switching Hub with
Multicast Filtering and L4
QoS Functions
Section 2-3
We recommend this kind of switching hub when both tag data links and message communications are executed.
By setting tag data links for higher-priority transmission, it is possible to prevent problems such as transmission delays due to message communications
traffic and packet losses due to buffer overflow. Settings must be made in the
switching hub to enable this function and give higher priority to tag data link
packets.
Special settings must be made in the switching hub when using the multicast
filtering function and L4 QoS function. There must be enough multicast filters
for the network being used.
Note
(1) Ask the switching hub manufacturer for setting procedures for the switching hub.
(2) Install the switching hub so that its environmental resistance capabilities
are not exceeded. Ask the switching hub manufacturer for information on
the environmental resistance of the switch hub.
33
Selecting the Network Devices
34
Section 2-3
SECTION 3
Installation and Initial Setup
This section explains how to install and make the initial settings required for operation of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port.
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
Overview of Initial Setup Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
3-1-1
Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
3-2-1
CS-series EtherNet/IP Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
3-2-2
CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and CJ2 Built-in EtherNet/IP Port. . . .
39
Mounting to a PLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
3-3-1
Mounting to a CS-series PLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
3-3-2
Mounting to a CJ-series PLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
3-3-3
Mounting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
3-3-4
Handling Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
Network Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
3-4-1
Basic Installation Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
3-4-2
Recommended Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
3-4-3
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
3-4-4
Using Contact Outputs (Common to All Units) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
Connecting to the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
3-5-1
Ethernet Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
3-5-2
Connecting the Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
Creating I/O Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
3-6-1
I/O Table Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
3-6-2
Connecting Programming Devices to the PLC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
3-6-3
Procedure for Creating I/O Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
3-7
Setting the Local IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
3-8-1
Setting Procedure with the CX-Programmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
3-8-2
Making TCP/IP Settings with the Network Configurator . . . . . . . .
58
Tag Data Link Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
3-9-1
Network Configurator Setting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
3-10 Other Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
3-11 Communications Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
3-11-1 PING Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
3-11-2 EtherNet/IP Unit or Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Operation. . . . . . . . .
68
3-11-3 Host Computer Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
3-9
35
Overview of Initial Setup Procedures
3-1
3-1-1
Section 3-1
Overview of Initial Setup Procedures
Procedures
Initial Settings
1,2,3...
1. Set the unit number and node address with the switches on the front of the
EtherNet/IP Unit or, for the built-in EtherNet/IP port, on the front of the CPU
Unit.
Refer to 3-2 Switch Settings.
2. Mount the Unit in the CPU Rack.
A maximum of seven EtherNet/IP Units can be connected to a [email protected]@-EIP CPU Unit (making eight EtherNet/IP ports including the builtin EtherNet/IP port).
A maximum of two EtherNet/IP Units can be connected to a CJ2M CPU
Unit (regardless of whether the CPU Unit has a built-in port).
Refer to 3-3 Mounting to a PLC.
3. Wire the Ethernet network with twisted-pair cable.
Refer to 3-4 Network Installation and 3-5 Connecting to the Network.
4. Prepare a computer with Support Software installed on it and a serial cable
or an Ethernet cable (twisted-pair cable) to connect to the PLC. These are
required to perform network settings using the Support Software (e.g., Network Configurator, CX-Programmer, and CX-Integrator).
5. Connect the PLC to the computer and create the I/O tables using the CXProgrammer. I/O tables do not need to be created for the built-in EtherNet/
IP port on the [email protected]@-EIP or [email protected]
Refer to 3-6 Creating I/O Tables.
6. Set the IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port using
one of the following methods.
a) Using the Unit without setting the IP address:
• The default IP address is 192.168.250.Node_address.
b) Setting a particular IP address:
• If you want to store the setting in the CPU Unit, set it in the EtherNet/
IP Unit’s allocated DM area within the CPU Unit.
• If you want to store the setting in the Unit, set the IP address in the Edit
Parameters Dialog Box of the I/O Table Dialog Box from the CX-Programmer, and transfer the setting to the Unit.
Refer to 3-7 Setting the Local IP Address and 3-8 TCP/IP and Link
Settings.
7. When necessary, set the following items in the Edit Parameters Dialog Box
and transfer them: TCP/IP, Ethernet, FINS/UDP, FINS/TCP, FTP, Auto
Adjust Time, Status Area, SNMP, and SNMP Trap
Refer to 3-10 Other Parameters.
8. When necessary, set the routing tables.
If the FINS communications service is being used and multiple network
Communications Units are mounted in the PLC, set the routing tables from
the CX-Integrator, and transfer the table.
Refer to the CX-Integrator Operation Manual (Cat. No. W464) for the setting procedure.
36
Overview of Initial Setup Procedures
Section 3-1
9. Test communications.
Send a PING command to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Refer to 3-11 Communications Test.
Settings Required for Tag Data Link Service (Cyclic Communications)
1. Using the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool in the Network Configurator to Set the Parameters
With this method, there is no flexibility in the settings, but you can easily set
the data link parameters using only memory addresses, and the settings will
conform to Controller Link data link parameters. Refer to 3-9 Tag Data Link
Parameters or SECTION 6 Tag Data Link Functions.
2. Using the Tag Data Link Setting Function in the Network Configurator to Set the Parameters
With this method, you can set the connections that define the tag data links
for each EtherNet/IP node. Tag data links can be set with a high degree of
flexibility using both memory addresses and network variables. Refer to SECTION 6 Tag Data Link Functions for information on how to make these settings.
Settings Required for the Message Communications Service
Execute a CMND(490) instruction in the CS/CJ-series CPU Unit’s user
program.
Refer to SECTION 9 Message Communications.
37
Section 3-2
Switch Settings
3-2
3-2-1
Switch Settings
CS-series EtherNet/IP Units
Setting the Unit Number
The unit number is used to identify individual CPU Bus Units when more than
one CPU Bus Unit is mounted to the same PLC. Use a small screwdriver to
make the setting, taking care not to damage the rotary switch. The unit number is factory-set to 0.
UNIT
No.
Note
Setting range:
0 to F
(1) Turn OFF the power supply before setting the unit number.
(2) If the unit number is being set for the first time or changed, then I/O tables
must be created for the PLC.
(3) With CS-series and CJ-series PLCs, words are automatically allocated in
the CIO Area and DM Area according to the unit numbers that are set.
For details, refer to SECTION 4 Memory Allocations.
Setting the Node Address
When there are multiple EtherNet/IP Units or Ethernet Units connected to the
Ethernet network for the FINS communications service, the EtherNet/IP Units
are identified by node addresses. Use the node address switches (NODE
NO.) to set the node address between 01 and FE hexadecimal (1 to 254 decimal). Do not set a number that has already been set for another node on the
same network.
NODE
NO.
Setting range:
01 to FE (1 to 254 decimal)
× 161
× 160
The left switch sets the sixteens digit (most significant digit) and the right
switch sets the ones digit (least significant digit). The node address is factoryset to 01.
Note
Relationship to IP
Addresses
Turn OFF the power supply before setting the node address.
When IP addresses are generated automatically (either dynamic or passive),
the rightmost byte of the host ID of the IP address is set to the same value as
the node address. (Refer to Section 5 Determining IP Addresses.) If the same
node address value cannot be used, the IP address table method or the combined method must be used for address conversion. (For details, refer to SECTION 5 Determining IP Addresses.)
If the FINS communications service is not being used on the Ethernet network, then it is all right for the same node address to be set on two or more
EtherNet/IP Units. The setting, however, must be made within a range of 01 to
FE. If a value outside of this range is set, the MS indicator will light red, the 7segment display will indicate code H4 (node address setting error), and the
EtherNet/IP Unit will stop operating.
38
Section 3-2
Switch Settings
3-2-2
CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and CJ2 Built-in EtherNet/IP Port
Setting the Unit Number
The unit number is used to identify individual CPU Bus Units when more than
one CPU Bus Unit is mounted to the same PLC. Use a small screwdriver to
make the setting, taking care not to damage the rotary switch. The unit number is factory-set to 0.
UNIT
No.
Note
Setting range:
0 to F
(1) Turn OFF the power supply before setting the unit number.
(2) If the unit number is being set for the first time or changed, then I/O tables
must be created for the PLC.
(3) With CS-series and CJ-series PLCs, dedicated areas are automatically
allocated in the CIO Area and DM Area according to the unit numbers that
are set. For details, refer to SECTION 4 Memory Allocations.
Setting the Node Address
With the FINS communications service, when there are multiple EtherNet/IP
Units connected to the Ethernet network, the EtherNet/IP Units are identified
by node addresses. Use the node address switches to set the node address
between 01 and FE hexadecimal (1 to 254 decimal). Do not set a number that
has already been set for another node on the same network.
× 16 1
NODE
No.
× 16 0
Setting range:
01 to FE (1 to 254 decimal)
The left switch sets the sixteens digit (most significant digit) and the right
switch sets the ones digit (least significant digit). The node address is factoryset to 01.
Note
Relationship to IP
Addresses
Turn OFF the power supply before setting the node address.
When IP addresses are generated automatically (either dynamic or passive),
the rightmost byte of the host ID of the IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port is set to the same value as the node address. (Refer
to Section 5 Determining IP Addresses.) If the same node address value cannot be used, the IP address table method or the combined method must be
used for address conversion. (For details, refer to SECTION 5 Determining IP
Addresses.)
If the FINS communications service is not being used on the Ethernet network, then it is all right for the same node address to be set on two or more
EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports. The setting, however, must be
made within a range of 01 to FE. If a value outside of this range is set, the MS
indicator will light red, the 7-segment display will indicate code H4 (node
address setting error), and the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port will
stop operating.
39
Section 3-3
Mounting to a PLC
3-3
3-3-1
Mounting to a PLC
Mounting to a CS-series PLC
EtherNet/IP Units can be mounted to any slot in a CS-series CPU Rack or a
CS-series Expansion CPU Rack, but the number of slots to which they can be
mounted depends on the Backplane. A maximum of eight EtherNet/IP Units
can be mounted in a single PLC. If one or more EtherNet/IP Units are
mounted in combination with other CPU Bus Units (e.g., Controller Link
Units), the maximum total number of CPU Bus Units that can be mounted is
16.
Note
Tighten PLC Backplane mounting screws to a torque of 0.9 N⋅m, and the
Unit’s screws to a torque of 0.4 N⋅m.
PS
CPU
CS1W-BC023/BC033/BC053/BC083/BC103 CPU Backplane
CS-series CPU Rack with
2, 3, 5, 8, or 10 slots
Can be mounted in any slot.
PS
2, 3, 5, 8, or 10 slots
(Expansion Backplane not possible with 2-slot CPU Backplane.)
CS1W-BI033/BI053/BI083/BI103 CS-series Expansion Backplane
CS-series Expansion Rack with
3, 5, 8, or 10 slots.
Can be mounted in any slot.
Up to eight Units can be mounted
to the slots shown in the diagrams
on the left.
3, 5, 8, or 10 slots
PS
CS1W-BI033/BI053/BI083/BI103 CS-series Expansion Backplane
CS-series Expansion Rack with
3, 5, 8, or 10 slots.
Can be mounted in any slot.
3, 5, 8, or 10 slots
Note
3-3-2
CPU: CPU Unit
PS: Power Supply Unit
The CS1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Unit’s maximum current consumption is
410 mA. Be sure that the total current consumption of all the Units connected
to the same CPU Backplane or Expansion Backplane does not exceed the
output capacity of the Power Supply Unit.
Mounting to a CJ-series PLC
EtherNet/IP Units can be mounted in a CJ-series CPU Rack or a CJ-series
Expansion CPU Rack. Connect the EtherNet/IP Unit in any of the positions
shown below using the sliders on the top and bottom of the Unit. Up to seven
EtherNet/IP Units can be mounted for a [email protected]@-EIP CPU Unit
(enabling up to eight EtherNet/IP ports if you include the built-in EtherNet/IP
port). Up to two EtherNet/IP Units can be mounted for a CJ2M CPU Unit
(regardless of whether the CPU Unit has a built-in port).
If EtherNet/IP Units are mounted in combination with other CPU Bus Units
(e.g., Controller Link Units), the maximum total number of CPU Bus Units that
can be mounted is 16.
40
Section 3-3
Mounting to a PLC
CPU Rack
10 Units max.
End cover
P C I
S P C
U
Expansion Backplane
10 Units max.
End cover
P I
S I
Up to eight EtherNet/IP
Units can be mounted.
Expansion Backplane
10 Units max.
End cover
P I
S I
Expansion Backplane
10 Units max.
End cover
P I
S I
PS: Power Supply Unit
CPU: CPU Unit
IC: I/O Control Unit
II: I/O Interface Unit
Note The CJ1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Unit’s maximum current consumption is
410 mA. Be sure that the total current consumption of all the Units connected
to the same CPU Backplane or Expansion Backplane does not exceed the
output capacity of the Power Supply Unit.
3-3-3
Mounting
Mount the EtherNet/IP Unit to the Backplane using the following procedure.
1,2,3...
1. Hook the claw on the top of the Unit onto the Backplane.
Claw
Backplane
2. Insert the Unit into Backplane connectors and securely tighten the screw
at the bottom of the Unit. Tighten the screws to a torque of 0.4 N·m.
41
Section 3-3
Mounting to a PLC
3. When removing the Unit, first loosen the screw at the bottom of the Unit.
Fixing screws
Note
When mounting the Unit, provide the clearance shown below to facilitate easy
mounting or dismounting.
Duct
20 mm min.
Backplane
20 mm min.
Duct
Phillips screwdriver
3-3-4
Handling Precautions
• Always turn OFF the power supply to the PLC before mounting or dismounting a Unit or connecting or disconnecting cables.
• Provide separate conduits or ducts for the I/O lines to prevent noise from
high-tension lines or power lines.
• Leave the label attached to the Unit when wiring. Removing the label may
result in malfunction if wire clippings or other foreign matter enters the
Unit. Remove the label after the completion of wiring to ensure proper
heat dissipation. Leaving the label attached may result in malfunction.
Remove the label after wiring.
EIP21
MS
NS
COMM
100M
10M
NODE
NO.
UNIT
NO.
0
161
1
0
IP AD
DRES
192.16
SUBN
160
S
8.250.
ET MA
255.25
42
1
SK
5.255.
100BAS
E10BASE TX
-T
0
Section 3-4
Network Installation
3-4
3-4-1
Network Installation
Basic Installation Precautions
• Take the greatest care when installing the Ethernet System, being sure to
follow ISO 8802-3 specifications. You must obtain a copy of these specifications and be sure you understand them before attempting to install an
Ethernet System. Unless you are already experienced in installing communications systems, we strongly recommend that you employ a professional to install your system.
• Do not install Ethernet equipment near sources of noise. If a noisy environment is unavoidable, take adequate measures against noise interference, such as installing network components in grounded metal cases or
using optical cable in the system.
• When installing an EtherNet/IP network that combines an information system with the control system, and the communications load may be heavy
due to tag data links, we recommend configuring the network so that the
load does not affect communications. For example, install the tag data
links in a segment that is separate from the information network.
Note The maximum current consumption of the CS1W-EIP21 and CJ1W-EIP21
EtherNet/IP Units is 410 mA. Be sure that the total current consumption of all
the Units connected to the same CPU Backplane or Expansion Backplane
does not exceed the output capacity of the Power Supply Unit.
3-4-2
Recommended Products
The following table shows the devices recommended for use with the EtherNet/IP Unit 2-3 Selecting the Network Devices.
3-4-3
Precautions
Precautions on Laying Twisted-pair Cable
• Incorrect handling of the shield or grounding of the devices can create
ground loops. Ground loops may lower noise immunity and may destroy
the devices. Handle the shield as described below and ground it at only
one point.
• Do not connect the shield to the EtherNet/IP Unit’s connector.
• If a cable connects two hubs, connect the shields at only one end.
Hub
Connector
GR
Hub
Connector
Connector
Connector
Connect shield.
Connector
Do not connect shield.
GR
EIP
Unit
STP
STP
Connector
Power
Supply
Unit
GR
terminal
(Shield)
(Shield)
EIP
Unit
STP
Connector
Power
Supply
Unit
GR
terminal
(Shield)
43
Section 3-4
Network Installation
• Press the cable connector in firmly until it locks into place at both the
switching hub and the EtherNet/IP Unit.
• Do not lay the twisted-pair cable together with high-voltage lines.
• Do not lay the twisted-pair cable near devices that generate noise.
• Do not lay the twisted-pair cable in locations subject to high temperatures
or high humidity.
• Do not lay the twisted-pair cable in locations subject to excessive dirt and
dust or to oil mist or other contaminants.
Switching Hub Installation Environment Precautions
• Do not ground the switching hub in the same location as a drive-system
component such as an inverter.
• Always use a dedicated power supply for the switching hub’s power supply. Do not use the same power supply used for other equipment, such as
an I/O power supply, motor power supply, or control power supply.
• Before installation, check the switching hub’s environment-resistance
specifications, and use a switching hub appropriate for the ambient conditions. Contact the switching hub manufacturer for details on switching
hub’s environment-resistance specifications.
Switching Hub Connection Methods
Connect two hubs to each other as follows: Connect an MDI port to an MDI-X
port with a straight cable; connect two MDI ports with a cross cable; and
connect two MDI-X ports with a cross cable.
Note
It is very difficult to distinguish cross cables and straight cables by appearance. Incorrect cables will cause communications to fail. We recommend
using cascade connections with straight cables whenever possible.
MDI ports
MDI-X port
(cross)
Switching
Hub
Switching
Hub
Straight cable
Cross cable
Switching
Hub
Switching
Hub
Some switching hubs can automatically distinguish between MDI and MDI-X.
When this kind of switching hub is being used, straight cable can be used
between switching hubs.
Note Adjust the link settings of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port to
match the communications settings of the connected switching hub. If the settings do not match, the link will become unstable and prevent normal communications. The following table shows the allowed settings for each switching
hub communications mode.
Switching hub setting
Autonegotiation
Auto-negotiation
10 Mbps Full duplex
(fixed)
Half duplex
44
Best
--OK
EtherNet/IP Unit setting
10 Mbps (fixed)
100 Mbps (fixed)
Full
Half
Full
Half
duplex
duplex
duplex
duplex
--OK
--OK
OK
--------OK
-----
Section 3-4
Network Installation
Switching hub setting
Autonegotiation
100 Mbps Full duplex
(fixed)
Half duplex
--OK
EtherNet/IP Unit setting
10 Mbps (fixed)
100 Mbps (fixed)
Full
Half
Full
Half
duplex
duplex
duplex
duplex
----Best
--------OK
Note Best = Recommended; OK = Allowed; --- = Not allowed.
3-4-4
Using Contact Outputs (Common to All Units)
When an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port and Contact Output Unit
are mounted in the same Rack or connected to the same PLC, communications errors may occur due to noise generated by the contact outputs. Use
one or more of the following measures when installing Contact Output Units
and EtherNet/IP Units on the same Rack.
Mounting Location
Mount (or connect) any Contact Output Units as far away from the EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port as possible.
Contact Output Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
To switching hub
Contact outputs
Cable Location
Separate the transceiver cable or twisted-pair cable connecting the EtherNet/
IP Unit as far from the wiring to the Contact Output Units as possible. The
coaxial cable must also be placed as far away from the Contact Output Units
and their wiring as possible.
Contact outputs
Contact Output Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
To switching hub
45
Section 3-5
Connecting to the Network
3-5
3-5-1
Connecting to the Network
Ethernet Connectors
The following standards and specifications apply to the connectors for the
Ethernet twisted-pair cable.
• Electrical specifications: Conforming to IEEE802.3 standards.
• Connector structure:
Connector pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Hood
3-5-2
RJ45 8-pin Modular Connector
(conforming to ISO 8877)
Signal name
Transmission data +
Transmission data –
Reception data +
Not used.
Not used.
Reception data –
Not used.
Not used.
Frame ground
Abbr.
TD+
TD–
RD+
----RD–
----FG
Signal direction
Output
Output
Input
----Input
-------
Connecting the Cable
!Caution Turn OFF the PLC’s power supply before connecting or disconnecting
twisted-pair cable.
!Caution Allow sufficient space for the bending radius of the twisted-pair cable. The
required space depends on the communications cable and connector that are
used. Consult with the manufacturer or sales agent.
46
Section 3-5
Connecting to the Network
Approx. 80 mm
1,2,3...
1. Lay the twisted-pair cable.
2. Connect the cable to the switching hub. Be sure to press in the cable until
it locks into place.
3. Connect the twisted-pair cable to the connector on the EtherNet/IP Unit.
Be sure to press the connectors (both the switching hub side and Ethernet
side) until they lock into place.
Example: CS1W-EIP21
RJ45 Modular Connector
EtherNet/IP Unit
47
Section 3-6
Creating I/O Tables
3-6
3-6-1
Creating I/O Tables
I/O Table Overview
I/O tables are used to identify Units mounted to the PLC, and to allocate I/O to
them. With CS-series and CJ-series PLCs, whenever there is a change to the
Unit configuration it is necessary to create I/O tables and register the mounted
Units in the CPU Unit.
The I/O tables can be created in the following ways.
• Using the CX-Programmer offline.
• Using the CX-Programmer online to create the I/O table based on the
Units mounted to the PLC.
• Using the Programming Console to create the I/O table based on the
Units mounted to the PLC.
• Using the CPU Unit's automatic I/O allocation at startup. (This method is
available for the CJ Series only.)
3-6-2
Connecting Programming Devices to the PLC
To create the I/O tables, connect a Programming Device (such as a CX-Programmer or Programming Console) to the PLC.
Applicable Programming Devices
The following Programming Devices can be used with CS/CJ-series PLCs.
Programming Console
Model number
C200H-PRO27-E
Key Sheet (required)
CS1W-KS001-E
CQM1-PRO01-E
Recommended cable (required)
CS1W-CN224 (cable length: 2.0 m)
CS1W-CN624 (cable length: 6.0 m)
CS1W-CN114 (cable length: 0.1 m)
Note A Programming Console cannot be used with the [email protected]@(-EIP)
and [email protected] CPU Units. Use the CX-Programmer.
CX-Programmer
For information on how to connect and operate the CX-Programmer, refer to
the CX-Programmer Operation Manual (Cat. No. W446).
Connecting a Programming Console
To connect a Programming Console, attach a CS/CJ-series Key Sheet and
then connect the Console to the CPU Unit’s peripheral port. (It cannot be connected to the RS-232C port.)
3-6-3
Procedure for Creating I/O Tables
Programming Console
This section provides the procedure for creating the I/O tables using a Programming Console. For details on using the Programming Console, refer to
the Programming Console’s operation manual.
Note
48
(1) With the CJ Series, it is necessary to create I/O tables only when the user
is allocating I/O manually. With the CS Series, it is always necessary to
create I/O tables.
Section 3-6
Creating I/O Tables
(2) With the [email protected]@-EIP and [email protected] CPU Units, the built-in
EtherNet/IP port is set in the I/O tables by default and cannot be changed.
It is not necessary to register it in the I/O tables.
Use the following procedure to create the I/O tables.
Initial screen
SHIFT
CH
*DM
000000 I/O TBL ?
CHG
000000 I/O TBL
WRIT
????
WRITE
Password
000000CPU BU ST?
0:CLR 1:KEEP
or
(Save or clear the CPU Bus Unit System Setup.)
000000 I/O TBL
WRIT OK
CX-Programmer (Version 8.0 or Higher)
This section describes how to register an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port in the I/O tables using the CX-Programmer (version 8.0 or higher).
Refer to the CX-Programmer Operation Manual (Cat. No. W446) for details on
the operating procedures.
This section describes how to register the CJ1W-EIP21 in the I/O tables by
creating the I/O tables on a computer with the CX-Programmer. In this
example, the computer is connected to the PLC using a serial cable. The
CJ1W-EIP21 is connected to a CJ1H-CPU67 CPU Unit.
1,2,3...
1. Start the CX-Programmer, and then select PLC − Auto Online − Direct
Connection from the menus.
49
Creating I/O Tables
Section 3-6
2. The Direct Online Dialog Box will be displayed. Select a serial connection,
select the name of the applicable computer serial port, and then press the
Connect Button.
3. If the connection process is successful, the system will be connected online. Here, check the operating mode of the PLC. If the operating mode is
not PROGRAM mode, change the mode by selecting PLC − Operating
Mode − Program from the menus.
4. Double-click IO Table and Unit Setup Icon in the project workspace in the
CX-Programmer. The PLC IO Table Window will be displayed. Select Options − Create from the menus.
50
Section 3-6
Creating I/O Tables
5. The EtherNet/IP Unit will be displayed at the position it is mounted in the
PLC.
Note
If it is not displayed, select Options − Transfer from PLC from the
menus.
Note Creating I/O tables is not required if the built-in EtherNet/IP port of a CJ2 CPU
Unit is used. It is registered as a built-in port/Inner Board with a model number
of CJ2B-EIP21 for the CJ2H and a model number of CJ2M-EIP21 for the
CJ2M. You cannot delete a built-in port from the I/O tables.
51
Section 3-7
Setting the Local IP Address
3-7
Setting the Local IP Address
This section describes the 3 ways to set the local I/O address of an EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Method 1: Using the default IP address:
The default IP address is 192.168.250.Node_address.
(The node address is set with the rotary switches on the front of
the EtherNet/IP Unit or, for the built-in EtherNet/IP port, on the
front of the CPU Unit.)
→ This method can be used to make a temporary or preliminary
connection to the Ethernet. In this case, leave the TCP/IP Configuration and the allocated DM area IP address settings at their
default values (0.0.0.0).
Method 2: Setting an IP address in the CPU Unit’s allocated DM area:
→ If you want to set a particular local IP address and store that setting in the CPU Unit, set it in the EtherNet/IP Unit’s allocated DM
area. The IP address can be set from the CX-Programmer, Programming Console, or ladder program.
Method 3: Setting the TCP/IP Configuration from the CX-Programmer:
→ If you want to set a particular local IP address and store that setting in the EtherNet/IP Unit, set the IP address from the CX-Programmer.
When FINS communications are being used, it is necessary to show the correspondence between the IP addresses and FINS node addresses. Refer to
SECTION 5 Determining IP Addresses for an explanation of IP addresses as
well as the correspondence between FINS node addresses and IP addresses.
The three setting methods are described in the following paragraphs.
Method 1: Using the Default IP Address (192.168.250.Node_address)
When the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is just mounted in the
PLC and the I/O table is created, the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port will operate with its default IP address. This default address is enabled
when the local IP address in the allocated DM area and the TCP/IP Configuration are both set to their defaults (0.0.0.0).
The default IP address is 192.168.250.Node_address, where Node_address
is the node address set with the rotary switches on the front of the EtherNet/IP
Unit. This address is also used as the FINS node address.
The following table shows the various settings in the Unit Setup when the IP
address and TCP/IP Configuration are all set to their default values.
Setting
IP address
Subnet mask
Default gateway
Preferred DNS server
Alternate DNS server
Host name
Domain name
Baud rate
52
Operating status
192.168.250.Node_address
255.255.255.0 (class C mask)
None (IP routing disabled)
None
None
None
None
Auto-detect
Section 3-7
Setting the Local IP Address
Method 2: Setting the Address in the CPU Bus Unit's Allocated DM Area
With this method, an IP address is not set in the TCP/IP Configuration (left at
its default setting), and an IP address is set in the allocated DM Area words
(the IP Address Display/Setting Area in words m+98 and m+99).
The IP address can be written in the two IP Address Display/Setting Area
words using the CX-Programmer or the Programming Console. To enable the
new IP Address setting, the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port must
be restarted or the PLC’s power must be turned OFF and then ON again.
Beginning word m = D30000 + (100 x unit number)
15
14 13 12 11 10 9
8
7
m+98
(1)
(2)
m+99
(5)
(6)
IP Address: (1)(2).(3)(4).(5)(6).(7)(8) (Hex)
6
5
4
3
(3)
(7)
2
1
0
(4)
(8)
The following table shows the various Unit Setup when only the IP Address
Display/Setting Area is set, and the other TCP/IP Configuration settings are
left at their default values.
Setting
IP address
Subnet mask
Default gateway
Preferred DNS server
Alternate DNS server
Host name
Operating status
IP address set in words m+98 and m+99 (IP Address Display/Setting Area) of the DM Area words allocated to the
EtherNet/IP Unit as a CPU Bus Unit
Determined by class of the IP address
None (IP routing disabled)
None
None
None
Domain name
Baud rate
None
Auto-detect
Method 3: Setting the TCP/IP Configuration from the Network
Configurator
This method can be used to set IP addresses from the CX-Programmer.
For details, refer to 3-8 TCP/IP and Link Settings.
If the IP address is set in the TCP/IP Tab Page, that IP address setting will be
displayed in the IP Address Display/Setting Area (words m+98 and m+99) in
the DM Area words allocated to the Unit/port.
53
Section 3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings
3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings
This section describes the TCP/IP-related settings, such as the local IP
address and subnet mask for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Use the CX-Programmer to make these settings. The settings are stored in
non-volatile memory in the Unit.
Note
3-8-1
Unlike the Ethernet Units, the TCP/IP settings of the EtherNet/IP Unit and
built-in EtherNet/IP port are not stored in the CPU Unit’s CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area.
Setting Procedure with the CX-Programmer
1,2,3...
1. When the EtherNet/IP Unit is registered in the I/O tables of the CX-Programmer, the EtherNet/IP Unit and built-in EtherNet/IP port will be displayed in the I/O tables. Refer to 3-6 Creating I/O Tables for details.
2. Right-click the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port in the I/O table
and select Edit - Unit Setup from the menus. The Edit Parameters Dialog
Box will be displayed.
3. Make the necessary settings on the TCP/IP Tab Page of the Edit Parameters Dialog Box. (The IP address is set here.)
54
Section 3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings
4. Place the CX-Programmer online with the PLC and transfer the settings to
the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
5. After transferring the settings, a message will ask if you want to restart the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. The Unit/port must be restarted to enable the settings.
6. Check the 7-segment display for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port.
7. If the 7-segment display is tested again after it goes OFF, and finally
displays the IP address, it indicates that the EtherNet/IP Unit has
recognized the new TCP/IP Configuration settings (the IP address in this
case).
Note
(1) The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port must restart in order to
enable the parameter settings that are transferred to it. Verify that restarting the Unit/port will not cause any problems in the system before restarting it.
(2) If the target node address (IP address) is not set correctly, invalid device
parameters may be set in the wrong PLC, so check the connected PLC
before downloading parameters.
Settings on the TCP/IP Tab Page
Settings for the following items are provided on the TCP/IP Tab Page of the
Edit Parameters Dialog Box in the CX-Programmer.
• IP address
• Subnet mask
• Default gateway
• Broadcasting
• Preferred DNS server
• Alternate DNS server
• Domain name
• IP router table
55
Section 3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings
IP Address
Sets the local IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Set the local IP address on the TCP/IP Tab Page when not setting the IP
address in the CPU Unit’s allocated DM Area or using the default IP address
(default IP address = 192.168.250.Node_address).
When the IP address is set on the TCP/IP Tab Page, it will be stored as the IP
address in the DM Area words allocated to the Unit/port as a CPU Bus Unit.
Subnet Mask
For the subnet mask, all bits corresponding to the bits in the IP address used
as the network ID are set to 1, and the bits corresponding to the host number
are set to 0. The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port supports CIDR
(Classless Inter-Domain Routing). The subnet mask can be set to 192.0.0.0 to
255.255.255.252. (CIDR is supported by unit version 2.0 or later.)
If no subnet mask is set, or if an illegal value is set, the following values will be
used depending on the IP address class.
In normal applications, we recommend setting the subnet mask defined for
the class.
Class
Class A
Class B
Class C
Subnet mask
255.0.0.0
255.255.0.0
255.255.255.0
With the default setting (0.0.0.0), a subnet mask corresponding to the IP
address class is used.
The following table shows the various parameters in the Unit Setup when only
the IP address and subnet mask are set and other settings are left at their
default values.
Setting
Default gateway
Preferred DNS server
Alternate DNS server
Host name
Domain name
Broadcasting
IP router table
Operating status
None (IP routing disabled)
None
None
None
None
4.3 BSD specifications
None
Default Gateway
Sets the default gateway’s IP address.
This setting is not required when the default gateway is not being used.
Broadcasting
Sets the IP address specification method for broadcasting with FINS/UDP.
• All 1’s (4.3BSD): Broadcasting is performed with the host ID set to all 1’s.
• All 0’s (4.2BSD): Broadcasting is performed with the host ID set to all 0’s.
Normally, use the default setting of all 1’s (4.3BSD).
Preferred DNS Server and Alternate DNS Server
When accessing another node from the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port using the host name, the DNS server searches for the other node’s IP
address from the other node’s host name to the DNS server. These settings
register the IP addresses of the preferred and alternate DNS servers that will
perform the search. At this time, the EtherNet/IP Unit is not equipped with any
56
Section 3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings
functions that require a DNS server, so these settings are not used. (The
functionality required to use a DNS server is not provided on EtherNet/IP
Units with unit version 1.0. The DNS server cannot be used with these Units.)
Domain Name
Sets the domain name of the domain to which the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port belongs. The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
does not use a domain name in actual communications.
IP Router Table
The IP router table is used to find the IP address of the IP rooter that is connected to the target segment. This is done when performing communications
with a node that is on an IP network segment that is connected to the EtherNet/IP Unit through an IP router. The IP router table is set when EtherNet/IP
Unit communications are routed to a specific node through any IP router other
than the default gateway.
(Network number)
(Network number)
Node A
130.25.36.253
130.26.2.254
IP router
Node B
For the IP address in the table, set the network ID of the other IP network
segment to communicate with. The length of the network ID in bytes depends
on the IP address class. The IP address can be set to four bytes. Set the network ID from the beginning of the text box and enter zeros for any unused digits. You can set up to eight records. No records are set in the default settings.
Settings on the Ethernet Tab Page
The following settings are provided on the Ethernet Tab Page of the Unit
Setup for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
• Link settings (baud rate and half/full duplex)
Link Setting
Sets the communications baud rate.
Setting
Auto (default)
10 Mbps, Half Duplex
10 Mbps, Full Duplex
100 Mbps, Half Duplex
100 Mbps, Full Duplex
Meaning
The baud rate with the switching hub is detected automatically. If possible, the Unit operates in 100Base-T (full
duplex).
Operates in 10Base-T, half duplex.
Operates in 10Base-T, full duplex.
Operates in 100Base-TX, half duplex.
Operates in 100Base-TX, full duplex.
Note Adjust the EtherNet/IP Unit’s link settings to match the communications settings of the connected switching hub. If the settings do not match, the link will
become unstable and prevent normal communications. The following table
shows the allowed settings for each switching hub communications mode.
Switching hub setting
Autonegotiation
Auto-negotiation
10 Mbps Full duplex
(fixed)
Half duplex
Best
--OK
EtherNet/IP Unit setting
10 Mbps (fixed)
100 Mbps (fixed)
Full
Half
Full
Half
duplex
duplex
duplex
duplex
--OK
--OK
OK
--------OK
-----
57
Section 3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings
100 Mbps Full duplex
(fixed)
Half duplex
--OK
-----
-----
Best
---
--OK
Note Best = Recommended; OK = Allowed; --- = Not allowed.
3-8-2
Making TCP/IP Settings with the Network Configurator
Use the Network Configurator to change IP address settings for any device
other than a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in port. You can also use
the Network Configurator to change IP address settings for a CS/CJ-series
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in port.
1,2,3...
1. Connect the Network Configurator online.
Refer to 6-2-9 Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network for
details on connecting the Network Configurator to the EtherNet/IP Unit.
2. Select Tools - Setup TCP/IP Configuration to display the following Setup
TCP/IP Configuration Dialog Box, and set the TCP/IP Configuration for the
target device. In the following example, the settings are all at their default
values.
3. Enter the IP address to set and press the Get from the Device Button. The
present setting will be obtained. Change the IP address in the New Configuration Box if required.
58
Section 3-8
TCP/IP and Link Settings
4. Press the Set to the Device Button. The IP address will be transferred to
the device. The applicable device is the device specified in the Target IP
Address Box. The device must be reset to enable the transferred setting.
If the device is not reset when the new IP address is transferred, click the
Reset the Device Button.
When the EtherNet/IP Unit is reset, the IP address will be displayed once
in flowing text on the 7-segment display on the front of the Unit.
Note
(1) The transfer function for IP address settings is defined by ODVA specifications. Target devices that do not support these specifications cannot
be set. When setting the IP address of the target device with the Network
Configurator, connect the devices one at a time, and download the TCP/
IP Configuration’s IP address parameters. If TCP/IP parameters are set
for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port from the Network Configurator, the EtherNet/IP Unit may automatically be reset and restarted.
Before setting the TCP/IP parameters, make sure that no system problems will occur when the Unit is restarted. If the Unit does not restart automatically, click the Reset the Device Button.
(2) If the target node address (IP address) is not set correctly, invalid device
parameters may be set in the wrong PLC, so check the connected PLC
before downloading parameters.
TCP/IP Parameters
The following TCP/IP parameters can be set from the Network Configurator.
• IP address
• Subnet mask
• Default gateway
• Preferred DNS server
• Alternate DNS server
• Domain name
• Link parameters (baud rate and full/half duplex)
59
Section 3-9
Tag Data Link Parameters
3-9
Tag Data Link Parameters
Set the following parameters when using tag data links with an EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. The parameter settings are saved in flash
memory in the EtherNet/IP Unit or CPU Unit. (See note.)
Note The CPU Bus Unit Setup Area is not used for tag data link settings for an
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. This point is different from the
operation of Ethernet Units.
Refer to SECTION 6 Tag Data Link Functions for details.
3-9-1
Network Configurator Setting Procedure
The methods for setting tag data links using the Network Configurator can be
roughly divided into the following two.
1. Using the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool in the Network Configurator to Set the Parameters
With this method, there is no flexibility in the settings, but you can easily set
the data link parameters using only memory addresses, and the settings will
conform to Controller Link data link parameters.
2. Using the Tag Data Link Setting Function in the Network Configurator to Set the Parameters
With this method, you can set the connections that comprise the tag data links
for each EtherNet/IP node. Tag data links can be set with a high degree of
flexibility using both memory addresses and network variables. Refer to SECTION 6 Tag Data Link Functions for details on how to perform these settings.
This section presents a setting example using the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool.
Using the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool
The method that is described here is used to set memory addresses in tables
to specify data links between EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports on
CS/CJ-series PLCs.
The following method can be used to easily set the data links shown in the following figure using a wizard in the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool.
Node #1: CJ1H-CPU67H
(IP address: 192.168.250.1)
Node #2: CJ1H-CPU67H
(IP address: 192.168.250.2)
Node #3: CJ1H-CPU67H
(IP address: 192.168.250.3)
EtherNet/IP
Area 1
W0
W0
50 words
#1
W50
50 words
#2
#2
#2
W100
50 words
#3
#3
#3
D50
100 words
#1
D150
100 words
#2
#2
#2
D250
100 words
#3
#3
#3
#1
W0
#1
Area 2
1,2,3...
60
D50
#1
D50
#1
1. Start the Network Configurator, select the applicable EtherNet/IP Unit in
the Tree View on the left, and then paste it into the Device Configuration
Pane on the right.
Tag Data Link Parameters
Section 3-9
Note If an EtherNet/IP system has already been installed, you can create a similar
device configuration by connecting to the EtherNet/IP network and selecting
Network − Upload from the menus.
Refer to 6-2-9 Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network for information on connecting.
2. Select Network − EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool from the menus to start the
EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool.
3. Select Datalink − Wizard from the menus in the Datalink Tool when it has
started.
4. In the Datalink Wizard Dialog Box, enter 50 words starting from memory
address W000 for area 1 and 100 words starting from D00050 for area 2,
61
Section 3-9
Tag Data Link Parameters
and then press the OK Button.
5. The data link settings will be automatically created in the window of the
EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool. Select File − Save to end. The settings will be
saved in the Network Configurator.
6. In the Device Configuration Window of the Network Configurator, a
mark will be added to each EtherNet/IP Unit to show that data links have
62
Section 3-9
Tag Data Link Parameters
been set.
7. Connect the Network Configurator to the EtherNet/IP network and select
Network − Download from the menus. The data link settings will be downloaded to the EtherNet/IP Units, and the data links will operate.
63
Section 3-10
Other Parameters
3-10 Other Parameters
In addition to the tag data link parameters, the EtherNet/IP Unit and built-in
EtherNet/IP port also have the following communications and operation
parameters.
• FINS/UDP
• FINS/TCP
• FTP
• Auto Adjust Time
• Status Area
• SNMP
• SNMP Trap
These parameters are set as Unit Setup from the CX-Programmer. The
parameter settings are saved in flash memory in the EtherNet/IP Unit or CPU
Unit. (See note.)
Note The CPU Bus Unit Setup Area is not used for tag data link settings for an
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. This point is different from the
operation of Ethernet Units.
Using FINS/UDP
Tab Page in Edit
Setting
Parameters Dialog Box
FINS/UDP
FINS/UDP Port
Conversion
IP Address Table
Dynamic change the target IP addresses
Function
Specifies the local UDP port number to use in the FINS communications service. The UDP uses the UDP port number to distinguish
the application layer (FINS communications service in this case).
• Default value (9,600)
• User-set value (1 to 65,535)
Selects one of the following methods to convert from the FINS
node address to an IP address (FINS/UDP only).
• Automatic generation (dynamic setting)
• Automatic generation (static setting)
• IP address table
• Combined method
Sets the IP address table that defines the relationship between
FINS node addresses and IP addresses.
This table is effective only when FINS/UDP is being used and the
IP address conversion method is set to the IP address table.
Selects dynamic change of other FINS/UDP nodes’ IP addresses.
To disable dynamic changes, deselect this option by removing the
check mark.
When necessary, set the routing tables using the CX-Integrator.
64
Section 3-10
Other Parameters
Using FINS/TCP
Tab Page in Edit
Setting
Parameters Dialog Box
FINS/TCP
FINS/TCP Port
FINS/TCP Connection
Setup
Protection Setting
Function
Specifies the local TCP port number to use in the FINS communications service. The TCP uses the TCP port number to distinguish
the application layer (FINS communications service in this case).
• Default value (9,600)
• User-set value (1 to 65,535)
This is the network API used when TCP is used for the FINS communications service. Up to 16 APIs can be used at a time, and
they are identified by connection numbers 1 to 16.
The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port can thus simultaneously execute the FINS communications service by TCP with up
to 16 remote nodes.
Select this check box to refuse connection requests from any IP
address not set as the target IP address when the server/client
setting is set to a server and the target IP address is set to any
value other than 0.0.0.0.
This check box can be selected to prevent inappropriate operations on the PLC for FINS commands from specific nodes.
When necessary, set the routing tables using the CX-Integrator.
Using FTP
Tab Page in Edit
Setting
Parameters Dialog Box
FTP
Not Use FTP or
Use FTP
Login
Password
Port No.
Function
Specifies whether to use FTP. FTP connections from external
devices will not be possible if Not Use FTP is specified.
Sets the login name for FTP connections to the EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port from external devices
Sets the password for FTP connections to the EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port from external devices.
Sets the FTP port number of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port.
It is normally not necessary to change this setting.
Two ports are used with the FTP: a control port and a data transfer
port. Only the control port can be set. The data transfer port number will be one larger than the control port number.
65
Section 3-10
Other Parameters
Using the Automatic Time Adjustment
Tab Page in Edit
Setting
Parameters Dialog Box
Auto Adjust Time
Not get the time information from the SNTP
server or
Get the time information
from the SNTP server
Auto Adjust time
Function
Specifies whether to set the clock in the CPU Unit to the time on
the SNTP server.
The time can be set only in CPU Units with an EtherNet/IP Unit or
a built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Sets the time to access the SNTP server to automatically adjust
the CPU Unit clock.
When the specified time arrives, the SNTP server will be accessed
and the clock in the CPU Unit will be set to the time on the SNTP
server.
Server Specification Type Specifies whether to use an IP address or a domain name (i.e.,
host name) to specify the SNTP server to use for automatic time
adjustment.
IP Address
Sets the IP address of the SNTP server to use for automatic time
adjustment.
This IP address is valid only when the Server Specification Type is
set to an IP address.
Host Name
Sets the host name of the SNTP server to use for automatic time
adjustment.
This IP address is valid only when the Server Specification Type is
set to a host name.
Port No.
Sets the port number to use to connect to the SNTP server for
automatic time adjustment. It is normally not necessary to change
this setting.
Retry Timer
Sets the time to wait before retrying the connection when connecting to the SNTP server fails.
It is normally not necessary to change this setting.
Adjust Time
Sets the time to offset the clock in the CPU Unit when setting the
clock in the CPU Unit to the time obtained from the SNTP server.
To use the time from the SNTP server as is, enter 0 for the Adjust
Time.
Using the Status Area
Tab Page in Edit
Setting
Parameters Dialog Box
Status Area
Layout Type
Allocation Area
66
Function
Specifies whether to use the default setting or a custom setting for
the words allocated to the status area.
Sets the first word in the status area when the Layout Type is set
for a customer setting.
With CS1/CJ1 CPU Units, only an I/O memory address can be set.
With CJ2 or NE1S CPU Units, either an I/O memory address or a
symbol defined in the CPU Unit can be set.
Section 3-10
Other Parameters
Using SNMP
Tab Page in Edit
Setting
Function
Parameters Dialog Box
SNMP
Not use SNMP service or Specifies whether to use the SNMP.
Use SNMP service
If not using the SNMP service is specified, an SNMP manager will
not be able to connected from an external device.
SNMP Port
Sets the port number to use when connecting from an SNMP manager.
It is normally not necessary to change this setting.
SNMP Contact Informa- Specifies the contact information as text.
tion
This information can be read from the SNMP manager.
SNMP Location Informa- Specifies the location information as text.
tion
This information can be read from the SNMP manager.
Authentication Check 1/2 Specifies the SNMP managers that can access the PLC.
To restrict access to only specific SNMP managers, specify the
SNMP managers using IP addresses or host names. Community
names can also be specified (e.g., public).
Ether one or two settings can be made.
Using SNMP Trap
Tab Page in Edit
Setting
Parameters Dialog Box
SNMP Trap
Not use SNMP Trap service or
Use SNMP Trap service
SNMP Trap Port
Trap 1/2
Function
Specifies whether to use the SNMP trap.
If not using the SNMP trap service is specified, SNMP traps cannot
be sent to the SNMP manager.
Sets the port number to use to connect to the SNMP manager.
It is normally not necessary to change this setting.
Sets the SNMP manager destinations for SNMP traps.
The SNMP managers can be specified using IP addresses or host
names. Community names can also be specified (e.g., public).
Either one or two trap destinations can be set.
67
Section 3-11
Communications Test
3-11 Communications Test
If the basic settings (in particular the IP address and subnet mask) have been
made correctly for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, then it
should be possible to communicate with nodes on the EtherNet/IP network.
This section describes how to use the PING command to test communications with the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
3-11-1 PING Command
The PING command sends an echo request packet to a remote node and
receives an echo response packet to confirm that the remote node is communicating correctly. The PING command uses the ICMP echo request and
responses. The echo response packet is automatically returned in the ICMP.
The PING command is normally used to check the connections of remote
nodes when configuring a network. The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port supports both the ICMP echo request and reply functions.
If the remote node returns a normal response to the PING command, then the
nodes are physically connected correctly and Ethernet node settings are correct.
EtherNet/IP Unit
Remote Node
(host computer or EtherNet/IP Unit)
TCP
ICMP
UDP
IP
Ethernet
Echo request
Echo response
3-11-2 EtherNet/IP Unit or Built-in EtherNet/IP Port Operation
The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port automatically returns the
echo response packet in response to an echo request packet sent by another
node (host computer, or other EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port).
An echo request packet can be sent to another node by issuing the FINS
command to execute the PING command from the PLC.
3-11-3 Host Computer Operation
The PING command can be executed from the host computer to send an
echo request packet to an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. The
following example shows how to use the PING command in the host computer.
Command Method
Input the following command at the host computer’s prompt ($):
$ ping IP_address(host_name)
The destination is specified by its IP address or host name. If the host name is
used, the host name must be defined in the /etc/hosts file.
Note The PING command is not supported by some host computers.
68
Section 3-11
Communications Test
Application Example
In this example, a PING command is sent to the node at IP address
130.25.36.8. The “$” in the example represents the host computer prompt.
Normal Execution
$ ping 130.25.36.8
← Executes the PING command.
PING 130.25.36.8: 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 130.25.36.8: icmp_seq=0. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 130.25.36.8: icmp_seq=0. time=0. ms
:
:
:
:
:
64 bytes from 130.25.36.8: icmp_seq=0. time=0. ms
← Press the Ctrl+C Keys to cancel execution.
---- 130.25.36.8 PING Statistics ---9 packets transmitted, 9 packets received, 0% packets loss
round-trip (ms) min/avg/max = 0/1/16
$
Error Occurred
$ png 130.25.36.8
PING 130.25.36.8: 56 data bytes
← Executes the PING command.
← Press the Ctrl+C Keys to cancel execution.
---- 130.25.36.8 PING Statistics ---9 packets transmitted, 9 packets received, 0% packets loss
$
Refer to the OS command reference manual for your computer for details on
using the PING command.
69
Communications Test
70
Section 3-11
SECTION 4
Memory Allocations
This section describes the words allocated in the CIO Area and the DM Area for EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP
ports.
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
Overview of Memory Allocated to the EtherNet/IP Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
72
CIO Area Allocations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
4-2-1
Overview of the Allocated CIO Area Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
4-2-2
Details of the Allocated CIO Area Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
DM Area Allocations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
4-3-1
Overview of the Allocated DM Area Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
4-3-2
Details of the Allocated DM Area Words. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
User Settings Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
4-4-1
Overview of the User Settings Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
4-4-2
User Settings Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
Auxiliary Area Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
92
4-5-1
Read-only Bits/Words. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
92
4-5-2
Read/Write Bits (User Settings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
93
71
Overview of Memory Allocated to the EtherNet/IP Unit
4-1
Section 4-1
Overview of Memory Allocated to the EtherNet/IP Unit
The following CPU Unit words are allocated to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port.
• CPU Unit’s allocated CIO Area words
Contains software switch and status information.
• CPU Unit’s allocated DM Area words
Contains the IP Address Display/Setting Area
• CPU Unit’s user settings area
Contains status information. (This area can be used only when the allocated CIO Area words are set to user settings.)
Note
The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port has the following
two data areas in its non-volatile memory. (Unlike the Ethernet
Units, settings are not stored in the CPU Unit’s CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area.)
• Unit Setup: Settings such as the IP address and FINS/UDP settings. The Unit Setup is set from the CX-Programmer.
• Device parameter settings: Settings such as the tag data link setting parameters. The device parameter settings are made from the
Network Configurator.
72
Section 4-1
Overview of Memory Allocated to the EtherNet/IP Unit
CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
● Allocated CIO Area words
(Allocated to the Unit as a CPU Bus Unit.)
Unit number 0
Local memory
CIO 1500
CIO 1501
Flags and control bits
25 words
CIO 1524
CIO 1525
Unit number 1
25 words
25 words
Target node PLC's operating
and error information, Unit
status, communications
status, registered/normal
target node, and FINS/TCP
connection status
CIO 1549
CIO 1875
Unit number 15
25 words
CIO 1899
● User Settings Area
Local memory
Set in Network Configurator. →
64 words
64 words
Target node PLC's operating
and error information, and
registered/normal target
node
● Allocated DM Area words
(Allocated to the Unit as a CPU Bus Unit.)
Local memory
D30000
Unit number 0
100 words
D30098
D30099
D30100
Unit number 1
IP Address Display/Setting Area
100 words
Non-volatile memory in the EtherNet/IP
Unit
Unit settings
D30199
D31500
Unit number 15
100 words
100 words
D31599
Settings such as the IP address of the
EtherNet/IP Unit and FINS/UDP settings.
Refer to 3-8 TCP/IP and Link Settings
and 3-10 Other Parameters for details.
Device parameter settings (tag data link
settings)
Refer to Section 6 Tag Data Links for
details.
Network Configurator
73
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
4-2
CIO Area Allocations
4-2-1
Overview of the Allocated CIO Area Words
The various kinds of data are stored in the allocated CIO Area words, which
are identified by the offset from the beginning word (n) allocated to each Unit.
There are two patterns for the layout of the allocated CIO Area words: the
default settings and user settings. The layout can be selected in the Status
Area settings in the Edit Parameters Dialog Box from the CX-Programmer.
To set a customer areas, select User defined for the Layout Type on the Status Area Tab Page.
The beginning word n is calculated by the following equation:
Beginning word n = CIO 1500 + (25 × unit number)
Default Settings
Offset
Bit
15
8
0
Data direction
CPU Unit → EtherNet/IP Unit
0
n
1
n+1
(Reserved)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
2
n+2
Target Node PLC Operating Information
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
3
n+3
(4 words only)
4
n+4
5
n+5
6
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
n+6
Target Node PLC Error Information
7
n+7
(4 words only)
8
n+8
9
n+9
10
n+10
Unit status 1
11
n+11
Unit status 2
12
n+12
Communications status 1
13
n+13
Communications status 2
14
n+14
Communications status 3
15
n+15
(Reserved)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
16
n+16
Registered Target Node
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
17
n+17
(4 words only)
18
n+18
19
n+19
20
n+20
Normal Target Node
21
n+21
(4 words only)
22
n+22
23
n+23
24
n+24
FINS/TCP Connection Status
Note
74
7
Unit control bits
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
The reserved words are regularly refreshed with all zeroes.
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
User Settings
Offset
Bit
15
8
7
0
Data direction
Unit control bits
CPU Unit → EtherNet/IP Unit
(Reserved)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
n+10
Unit status 1
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
11
n+11
Unit status 2
12
n+12
Communications status 1
13
n+13
Communications status 2
14
n+14
Communications status 3
15
n+15
(Reserved)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
16
n+16
17
n+17
18
n+18
19
n+19
20
n+20
21
n+21
22
n+22
23
n+23
24
n+24
FINS/TCP Connection Status
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
0
n
1
n+1
2
n+2
3
n+3
4
n+4
5
n+5
6
n+6
7
n+7
8
n+8
9
n+9
10
Note
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
The reserved words are regularly refreshed with all zeroes.
The functions of the allocated CIO Area words are described in the following
section.
4-2-2
Details of the Allocated CIO Area Words
Unit Control Bits (CPU Unit to EtherNet/IP Unit) (n)
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n
Tag Data Link Start Bit
Tag Data Link Stop Bit
Adjust Clock Bit
Bit
0 to 1
2
Switch
(Not used.)
Tag Data Link Start
Bit
Status
--ON
Manipulated
by
--User
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
--The tag data link starts when this bit
is switched from OFF to ON.
Turned OFF by Unit after the tag
data link starts operating.
75
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
3
4
5
6 to 15
Tag Data Link Start Bit
(Bit 2)
Switch
(Not used.)
Tag Data Link Stop
Bit
Adjust Clock Bit
(Not used.)
Status
Manipulated
by
--ON
--User
OFF
Unit
ON
User
OFF
Unit
---
---
Unit operation
--The tag data link stops when this bit
is switched from OFF to ON.
Turned OFF by Unit after the tag
data link stops operating.
The clock time is automatically
adjusted when this bit is switched
from OFF to ON.
Turned OFF by Unit after the clock
time has been adjusted.
---
Start the tag data links by switching this bit from OFF to ON. If the tag data
links are already operating, the signal will be ignored. The tag data link starts
operating automatically after the tag data link parameter settings are downloaded from the Network Configurator, the CPU Unit’s power is turned ON, or
the Unit is restarted.
If the tag data links have been stopped by turning the Tag Data Link Stop Bit
(n bit 04) from OFF to ON, the tag data links can be restarted by turning this
Tag Data Link Start Bit (n bit 02) from OFF to ON.
Once the tag data links start, the EtherNet/IP Unit automatically turns OFF the
Tag Data Link Start Bit. Do not force this bit ON or OFF until it is automatically
turned OFF by the Unit.
Tag Data Link Stop Bit
(Bit 4)
Stop the tag data links by switching this bit from OFF to ON. Once the tag
data links have been stopped, they will remain stopped until the Unit is
restarted or the Tag Data Link Start Bit is turned ON. (The tag data links will
also start operating automatically when the tag data link parameter settings
are downloaded from the Network Configurator.)
If the tag data links are already stopped, the signal will be ignored.
Message communications can be performed while the tag data links are
stopped.
Once the tag data links have stopped, the EtherNet/IP Unit automatically
turns OFF the Tag Data Link Stop Bit. Do not force this bit ON or OFF until it
is automatically turned OFF by the Unit.
Adjust Clock Bit (Bit 5)
Automatically adjust the time on the clock by switching this bit from OFF to
ON. The SNTP server used to adjust the time is set in the Unit Setup.
Once the clock time has been adjusted, the EtherNet/IP Unit automatically
turns OFF the Adjust Clock Bit. Do not force this bit ON or OFF until it is automatically turned OFF by the Unit.
Target Node PLC
Operating Information
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 2 to n +
5)
These words show the operating status of the target node PLCs that are connected with the EtherNet/IP Unit as the originator. This status information is
enabled when the PLC status is included in the communications data in both
the originator and target node.
These words show the status of nodes 0 to 63 only. If it is necessary to show
the status of nodes higher than node 63, select “user settings” as the layout
pattern. For details, refer to 4-4 User Settings Area.
The flags are valid only when the corresponding Normal Target Node Flag is
ON. If the corresponding Normal Target Node Flag is OFF, the Target Node
PLC Operating Flag indicates the previous operating status.
76
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+2
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+3
n+4
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
n+5
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
Bit
---
Target Node PLC
Error Information
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 6 to n +
9)
Name
Status
Target Node PLC Operating Flags
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
The corresponding PLC
is operating. (The program is being executed.)
The PLC is not operating.
These words show the error status (logical OR of fatal and non-fatal errors) of
the target node PLCs that are connected with the EtherNet/IP Unit as the originator. This status information is enabled when the PLC status is included in
the communications data in both the originator and target node.
These words show the error status of nodes 0 to 63 only. If it is necessary to
show the error status of nodes higher than node 63, select “user settings” as
the layout pattern. For details, refer to 4-4 User Settings Area.
The flags are valid only when the corresponding Normal Target Node Flag is
ON. If the corresponding Normal Target Node Flag is OFF, the Target Node
PLC Error Flag indicates the previous error status.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+6
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+7
n+8
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
n+9
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
Bit
---
Name
Status
Target Node PLC Error
Flags
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
A fatal or non-fatal error
occurred in the corresponding PLC.
No error occurred in the
PLC.
Unit Status 1
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 10)
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+10
Unit Error Occurred
Network Error Occurred
Unit Memory Error
Communications Controller Error
IP Address Duplication Error
Link OFF Error
Status Area Layout Setting Error
77
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
78
Name
0
Unit Error Occurred
1
Network Error
Occurred
2 to 3
4
(Not used)
Unit Memory Error
5
Communications
Controller Error
6
IP Address Duplication Error
7 to 8
9
(Not used)
Link OFF Error
Status Manipulated
Unit operation
by
ON
Unit
Indicates that an error
occurred that is related to
EtherNet/IP Unit operation.
This flag is turned ON when
any bit in Unit Status 1 is
ON. (Bits 1 to 15 are logically ORed.)
OFF
Unit
Indicates that a Unit error
did not occur. This flag is
turned OFF when the error
is cleared.
ON
Unit
One or more networkrelated errors occurred.
(The bits in Communications Status 1 and 3 are logically ORed.)
OFF
Unit
Indicates that a network
error did not occur. This flag
is turned OFF when the
error is cleared.
------ON
Unit
Indicates that an error
occurred in accessing the
Unit’s internal non-volatile
memory (device error).
OFF
Unit
Indicates that a non-volatile
memory error did not occur.
This flag is not cleared even
if it occurs one time. (Flag
remains ON.)
ON
Unit
Indicates that an error
occurred in the communications controller.
OFF
Unit
Indicates that a communications controller error did not
occur. This flag remains ON
until the power supply is
turned OFF and ON again.
ON
Unit
An ARP was sent with the
specified IP address, indicating that an IP address
duplication was detected.
An address duplication is
detected if there is an ARP
response. This flag remains
ON until the power supply is
turned OFF and ON again.
(The Ethernet interface will
stop.)
OFF
Unit
There was no ARP
response.
------ON
Unit
There was an error establishing a link with the switching hub.
OFF
Unit
A link was established normally with the switching
hub.
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
Name
10 to
13
14
(Not used)
Status Area Layout
Setting Error
15
Unit Status 2
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 11)
Status Manipulated
by
-------
(Not used)
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
---
---
6
5
4
3
Unit operation
Indicates that there was an
error in the allocated CIO
Area’s layout settings.
When this error occurs, the
allocated CIO Area layout is
set to the default pattern.
In the following cases, however, the allocated CIO Area
layout is set to the user-set
pattern. In this case, the
user-set area will not be
refreshed.
• A non-existent area has
been specified.
There was not an error in
the layout settings.
---
2
1
0
n+11
Online
Tag Data Link Operating
User Settings Area Enabled
Operating IP Address Change
Multiple Switches ON Error
Error Log Stored
Bit
0
Name
Online
Status Manipulated
Unit operation
by
ON
Unit
Indicates that the Unit is
online. (The EtherNet/IP Unit
can perform communications
processing.)
OFF
Unit
Indicates that the Unit is not
online. This bit is turned OFF
in the following cases.
• IP Address Duplication Error
• Ethernet Communications
Controller Error (hardware
error)
• BOOTP Server Error
79
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
1
2
Name
Tag Data Link
Operating
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
--ON
--Unit
OFF
Unit
(Not used)
---
---
Multiple Switches
ON Error
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
Operating IP
Address Change
3 to 10 (Not used)
11
User Setting Area
Enabled
12 to
13
14
80
Status Manipulated
by
Unit operation
Indicates that the tag data link
is operating. Turned OFF
when communications stop in
the following cases.
• Hardware error
• IP Address Duplication Error
• BOOTP Server Error
• Basic Ethernet Settings
Error
• Memory Error (MAC
Address Error)
Indicates that the tag data link
is stopped. Turned ON in the
following cases.
• The Unit is set as the originator and the power supply
was turned ON or the Unit
was restarted.
• The Unit is set as the originator and the Tag Data Link
Start Bit was turned ON.
ON if the node address setting is different from the setting when the power was
turned ON.
OFF if the node address setting is the same as the setting
when the power was turned
ON.
--Indicates that the user settings area data is enabled.
ON when “user settings” have
been specified as the layout
of the allocated CIO Area, and
refreshing of the user settings
area has started.
Indicates that the user settings area data is invalid.
The bit is turned OFF in the
following cases, because
communications stop.
• The allocated CIO Area layout is set to default settings.
• The allocated CIO Area layout is set to user settings,
but one of the following problems occurred.
• A Layout Setting Error
occurred.
--ON when two or more control
bits are ON simultaneously.
(Unused bits are ignored.)
Turned OFF when the next
control bit operation starts.
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
Name
15
Communications
Status 1
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 12)
Status Manipulated
by
Error Log Stored
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
Indicates that an error record
is registered in the error log.
Indicates that no error records
are registered in the error log.
Also turned OFF when an
error log clear request is
received.
Word n+12 contains status flags related to the tag data links, as shown in the
following diagram.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+12
Verification Error
Tag Data Link Error
All Tag Data Links Operating
Invalid Communications Parameter
Tag Refresh Error
Tag Database Error
Tag Data Links Operating
Bit
Name
0
Verification Error
1
2
(Not used)
Tag Data Link
Error
3
(Not used)
Status Manipulated
Unit operation
by
ON
Unit
Indicates that the information
registered for a target node in
the tag data link parameters is
different from the actual node
information.
Main causes:
• The specified target does not
exist. *1
• The variable name does not
match.
• The connection size is different.
• Connection resources are
insufficient.
OFF
Unit
Indicates that a verification
error has not occurred. Also
turned OFF when a verification error is cleared.
------ON
Unit
Indicates that there were two
or more errors in a connection
as an originator.
This status does not indicate
the following errors.
• Connection as a target
• Connection timeout due to a
Link OFF Error with the
switching hub
OFF
Unit
Indicates that the errors listed
above did not occur.
-------
81
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
4
5
6
Name
Invalid Communications Parameter
Tag Refresh Error
Tag Database
Error
7 to 13 (Not used)
14
All Tag Data Links
Operating
15
Tag Data Links
Operating
Status Manipulated
by
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
--ON
--Unit
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
ON when there was an error
in the validation check of tag
data link parameters stored in
the Unit’s non-volatile memory, and a checksum error
occurred. (Includes parameters related to basic Ethernet
settings.)
The tag data links will stop.
OFF when the validation
check of parameters in nonvolatile memory was normal.
ON when a specified data
area or address range is not
supported in tag data links.
OFF when the specified data
areas and addresses are supported in tag data links.
ON if a tag database error
occurs in the CPU Unit when
a symbol name is used incorrectly in a setting for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port (tag data link,
status area allocations setting, etc.). ([email protected]
or [email protected] only)
OFF when a symbol name is
not used in a setting for the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port, when a tag
database error has not
occurred, or when a previous
error has been cleared.
--Indicates that tag data links
are communicating in all connections as the originator.
Indicates that a tag data link
failed in on or more connections as the originator.
(OFF even if some tag data
links are communicating.)
Indicates that tag data links
are communicating in one or
more connections as the originator.
Indicates that not even one
tag data link is communicating
in connections as the originator.
(OFF even if the Unit is communicating as a target.)
*1 This error will not occur if the d5 error (verification error, target nonexistent) mask is enabled.
82
CIO Area Allocations
Section 4-2
Communications
Status 2
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 13)
Word n+13 contains status flags related to the Ethernet, as shown in the following diagram.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+13
Link Status
Bit
FTP Status
Name
0
Status Manipulated
Unit operation
by
ON
Unit
ON when the FTP server is
operating (i.e., when there is
an FTP client connection).
OFF
Unit
OFF when the FTP is on
standby (i.e., waiting for a client connection).
------ON
Unit
ON when a link is established
with the switching hub.
OFF
Unit
OFF when the link with the
switching hub is stopped.
-------
FTP Status
1 to 13 (Not used)
14
Link Status
15
Communications
Status 3
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 14)
(Not used)
Word n+14 contains status flags related to the Ethernet errors, as shown in
the following diagram.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+14
Basic Ethernet Settings Error
IP Address Table Error
IP Router Table Error
DNS Server Error
Routing Table Error
Ethernet Expansion Settings Error
BOOTP Server Error
SNTP Server Error
Address Mismatch
Non-volatile Memory Error
Bit
0 to 1
2
3
Name
(Not used)
Basic Ethernet
Settings Error
IP Address Table
Error
Status Manipulated
Unit operation
by
------ON
Unit
One of the following parameters is invalid.
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
• TCP/IP Configuration settings
(IP address, subnet mask, or
Link settings)
OFF when the parameters
above are valid.
ON when the IP address table
information is incorrect.
OFF when the IP address
table information is correct.
83
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
4
5
6
7 to 8
9
10
11
12 to
13
14
15
84
Name
IP Router Table
Error
DNS Server Error
Routing Table
Error
Status Manipulated
by
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
(Not used)
--Ethernet ExpanON
sion Settings Error
BOOTP Server
Error
OFF
Unit
ON
Unit
OFF
Unit
SNTP Server Error ON
(Not used)
Unit
OFF
Unit
---
---
Address Mismatch ON
Non-volatile Memory Error
--Unit
Unit
OFF
ON
Unit
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
ON when the IP router table
information is incorrect.
OFF when the IP router table
information is correct.
One of the following errors
occurred when using the DNS
server.
• An illegal server IP address
is set.
• A communications timeout
occurred with the server.
OFF when the IP router table
information is correct.
ON when the routing table
information is incorrect.
OFF when the routing table
information is correct.
--One of the following parameters is invalid.
• FINS settings
OFF when the parameters
above are valid.
One of the following errors
occurred when using the
BOOTP server.
• The IP address received
from the BOOTP server is
incorrect.
• A communications timeout
occurred with the server.
OFF when the errors listed
above did not occur.
One of the following errors
occurred when using the
SNTP server.
• An illegal server IP address
or host name is set.
• A communications timeout
occurred with the server.
OFF when the errors listed
above did not occur.
--ON when the target IP
address conversion method is
set to Automatic generation,
but the local IP address’ host
ID does not match the FINS
node address.
OFF when the values match.
ON when an error occurred in
the Unit’s internal non-volatile
memory.
OFF when the Unit’s internal
non-volatile memory is operating normally.
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Registered Target
Node Table
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n + 16 to n
+ 19)
Words n+16 to n+19 show the registration status of the target nodes that are
connected with the EtherNet/IP Unit as the originator.
These words show the status of nodes 0 to 63 only. If it is necessary to show
the status of nodes higher than node 63, select “user settings” as the layout
pattern. For details, refer to 4-4 User Settings Area.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+17
n+18
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
n+19
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
Bit
---
Normal Target Node
Table (EtherNet/IP
Unit to CPU Unit)
(n+20 to n+23)
Name
Status
Registered Target
Node Flags
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
Indicates that the node’s tag
data link is registered.
Indicates that the node’s tag
data link is not registered.
Words n+20 to n+23 show the connection status of the target nodes that are
connected with the EtherNet/IP Unit as the originator. With revision 2 or
higher, the flag turns ON after all data for multiple connections for individual
target devices is refreshed in the CPU Unit. With revision 1, each flag immediately turns ON when all connections are established.
These words show the status of nodes 0 to 63 only. If it is necessary to show
the status of nodes higher than node 63, select “user settings” as the layout
pattern. For details, refer to 4-4 User Settings Area.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+20
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+21
n+22
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
n+23
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
Bit
---
FINS/TCP Connection
Status
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit) (n+24)
Name
Status
Normal Target
Node Flags
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
Revision 1: Flags immediately
turn ON when all connections
are established.
Revision 2 or higher: Flags turn
ON after all data for multiple
connections for the target
device is refreshed in the CPU
Unit.
Indicates that the connection is
not established
Word n+24 shows the status of FINS/TCP connections. For details, refer to
SECTION 8 FINS Communications.
15 14 13 12 11 10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+24
Bit
0
Name
FINS/TCP Connection 1
Status
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
Turned ON by the Unit when a
connection is established.
Turned OFF by the Unit when
the connection is terminated.
85
Section 4-2
CIO Area Allocations
Bit
1
:
14
15
Name
FINS/TCP Connection 2
Status
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
:
:
FINS/TCP Connec- ON
tion 15
OFF
FINS/TCP Connec- ON
tion 16
OFF
86
:
Unit
Unit
Unit
Unit
Unit operation
Turned ON by the Unit when a
connection is established.
Turned OFF by the Unit when
the connection is terminated.
:
Turned ON by the Unit when a
connection is established.
Turned OFF by the Unit when
the connection is terminated.
Turned ON by the Unit when a
connection is established.
Turned OFF by the Unit when
the connection is terminated.
Section 4-3
DM Area Allocations
4-3
4-3-1
DM Area Allocations
Overview of the Allocated DM Area Words
The various kinds of data are stored in the offset positions shown in the following diagram, from the beginning word in the area for each Unit.
The beginning word m is calculated by the following equation:
Beginning word m = D30000 + (100 x unit number)
Bit
Offset
15
8 7
0
Data direction
m
(Not used)
m+97
D5 error (verification error, target
nonexistent) mask setting area
m+98
m+99
4-3-2
Ethernet Unit to CPU Unit
or CPU Unit to Ethernet Unit
IP address display/setting area
Details of the Allocated DM Area Words
D5 Error (Verification Error, Target Nonexistent) Mask Setting Area
If d5d5 was set in the d5 error (verification error, target nonexistent) mask setting area, the EtherNet/IP Unit will read this area when the power supply is
turned ON or the Unit is restarted and enable the d5 error (verification error,
target nonexistent) mask. If the d5 error (verification error, target nonexistent)
mask is enabled, error notification is not provided even if a verification error
(target nonexistent) occurs. Make this setting when the status is to be considered normal even when the target is nonexistant. If you enable this function,
the right dot on the hexadecimal display of the lower 8 bits of the IP address
on the 7-segment display will light.
Note
For EtherNet/IP Units (built-in ports) that are manufactured in January 2014 or
later, you can use a d5 error (verification error, target nonexistent) mask.
IP Address Display/Setting Area (m+98 and m+99)
15
m+98
m+99
14 13 12 11 10 9
(1)
(2)
(5)
(6)
(1)(2).(3)(4).(5)(6).(7)(8) (Hex)
8
7
6
5
(3)
(7)
4
3
2
1
0
(4)
(8)
IP address: (1)(2).(3)(4).(5)(6).(7)(8) (Hex)
If the local IP address is set to a value other than 0.0.0.0 in the TCP/IP Configuration, this area (words m+98 and m+99) will act as an IP Address Display
Area and the local IP address set in the TCP/IP Configuration will be read and
stored here when the power is turned ON or the Unit restarted.
If the local IP address in the TCP/IP Configuration is set to 0.0.0.0, this value
is read by the EtherNet/IP Unit when the power is turned ON or the Unit
restarted and is used as the local IP address.
87
Section 4-3
DM Area Allocations
If the local IP address in these words and the TCP/IP Configuration are both
set to 0.0.0.0, the default IP address (192.168.250.Node_address) will be
used. For details on the IP address settings, refer to SECTION 5 Determining
IP Addresses.
Application
Simple operation (i.e., The TCP/IP
Configuration is left at its default
settings. Only the IP address is
set.)
Setting device
Programming Console (CX-Programmer can also be
used.)
Operation with the desired IP
CX-Programmer
address set in the TCP/IP Configu- (Unit Setup)
ration.
Note
Setting area
Allocated words in
the DM Area
Remarks
• The setting in the allocated DM Area
words is enabled only when the IP
address is set to 0.0.0.0 in the TCP/IP
Configuration.
• If the IP address is set to a value
other than 00.00.00.00 in the TCP/IP
Configuration, this value is stored in
the allocated words in the DM Area.
Setup TCP/IP Con- The IP address set in the Setup TCP/IP
figuration Dialog Box Configuration Dialog Box is stored in
the allocated DM Area words.
(1) If an IP address other than 00.00.00.00 is set as the local IP address in
the TCP/IP Configuration, the IP Address Display/Setting Area words
(m+98 and m+99) will be overwritten with the TCP/IP Configuration’s IP
address, even if a non-zero IP address was set in the IP Address Display/
Setting Area words beforehand.
(2) It is not possible to set the following IP addresses. If any of these values
are set, the ERH indicator will flash.
• IP addresses where all network number bits are 0 or 1.
• IP addresses where all host number bits are 0 or 1.
• IP addresses where all subnet number bits are 1.
• IP addresses that start with 127 (7F hexadecimal, e.g., 127.35.21.16).
88
Section 4-4
User Settings Area
4-4
4-4-1
User Settings Area
Overview of the User Settings Area
When the layout of the allocated CIO Area words is set to user settings, the
user settings area can be used in addition to the allocated CIO Area words
and allocated DM Area words.
The beginning word of the user settings area can be set in the Status Area
Tab Page in the Edit Parameters Dialog Box of the CX-Programmer.
4-4-2
User Settings Area
The user can allocate any available area to contain the registered target node
information, normal target node information, target node PLC operating information, and target node PLC error information.
Offset
Bit
15
00 Data direction
08 07
+0
Registered target node
(16 words)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
Normal target node
(16 words)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
Target node PLC's operating information
(16 words)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
Target node PLC's error information
(16 words)
EtherNet/IP Unit → CPU Unit
+15
+16
+31
+32
+47
+48
+63
Registered Target
Node Table
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit)
These flags indicate the registration status of the target nodes, and are valid
only when the EtherNet/IP Unit is the originator of the connection. For details
on the default settings, refer to 4-2-2 Details of the Allocated CIO Area Words.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
+0
+1
+2
+3
+4
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
+5
+6
+7
+8
+9
+10
+11
+12
+13
+14
+15
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
127
126
125
124
123
122
121
120
119
118
117
116
115
114
113
112
143
142
141
140
139
138
137
136
135
134
133
132
131
130
129
128
159
158
157
156
155
154
153
152
151
150
149
148
147
146
145
144
175
174
173
172
171
170
169
168
167
166
165
164
163
162
161
160
191
190
189
188
187
186
185
184
183
182
181
180
179
178
177
176
207
206
205
204
203
202
201
200
199
198
197
196
195
194
193
192
223
222
221
220
219
218
217
216
215
214
213
212
211
210
209
208
239
238
237
236
235
234
233
232
231
230
229
228
227
226
225
224
255
254
253
252
251
250
249
248
247
246
245
244
243
242
241
240
Bit
---
Name
Registered Target
Node Flags
Status
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
Indicates that the node’s tag
data link is registered.
Indicates that the node’s tag
data link is not registered.
89
Section 4-4
User Settings Area
Normal Target Node
Table (EtherNet/IP
Unit to CPU Unit)
These flags indicate the connection status of the target nodes. With revision 2
or higher, the flag turns ON after all data for multiple connections for individual
target devices is refreshed in the CPU Unit. With revision 1, each flag immediately turns ON when all connections are established.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
+16
+17
+18
+19
+20
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
+21
+22
+23
+24
+25
+26
+27
+28
+29
+30
+31
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
127
126
125
124
123
122
121
120
119
118
117
116
115
114
113
112
143
142
141
140
139
138
137
136
135
134
133
132
131
130
129
128
159
158
157
156
155
154
153
152
151
150
149
148
147
146
145
144
175
174
173
172
171
170
169
168
167
166
165
164
163
162
161
160
191
190
189
188
187
186
185
184
183
182
181
180
179
178
177
176
207
206
205
204
203
202
201
200
199
198
197
196
195
194
193
192
223
222
221
220
219
218
217
216
215
214
213
212
211
210
209
208
239
238
237
236
235
234
233
232
231
230
229
228
227
226
225
224
255
254
253
252
251
250
249
248
247
246
245
244
243
242
241
240
Bit
---
Target Node PLC
Operating Information
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit)
Name
Normal Target
Node Flags
Status
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
Revision 1: Flags immediately
turn ON when all connections
are established.
Revision 2 or higher: Flags turn
ON after all data for multiple
connections for the target
device is refreshed in the CPU
Unit.
Indicates that all connections
are not established
These flags indicate the operating status of the target node PLCs, and are
valid only when the EtherNet/IP Unit is the originator. The flags are valid only
when the corresponding Normal Target Node Flag is ON. If the corresponding
Normal Target Node Flag is OFF, the Target Node PLC Operating Flag indicates the previous operating status.
For details on the default settings, refer to 4-2-2 Details of the Allocated CIO
Area Words.
90
Section 4-4
User Settings Area
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
+32
+33
+34
+35
+36
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
+37
+38
+39
+40
+41
+42
+43
+44
+45
+46
+47
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
127
126
125
124
123
122
121
120
119
118
117
116
115
114
113
112
143
142
141
140
139
138
137
136
135
134
133
132
131
130
129
128
159
158
157
156
155
154
153
152
151
150
149
148
147
146
145
144
175
174
173
172
171
170
169
168
167
166
165
164
163
162
161
160
191
190
189
188
187
186
185
184
183
182
181
180
179
178
177
176
207
206
205
204
203
202
201
200
199
198
197
196
195
194
193
192
223
222
221
220
219
218
217
216
215
214
213
212
211
210
209
208
239
238
237
236
235
234
233
232
231
230
229
228
227
226
225
224
255
254
253
252
251
250
249
248
247
246
245
244
243
242
241
240
Bit
---
Target Node PLC
Error Information
(EtherNet/IP Unit to
CPU Unit)
Name
Status
Target Node PLC
Operating Flags
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
The corresponding PLC is operating. (The program is being
executed.)
The PLC is not operating.
These flags indicate the error status (logical OR of fatal and non-fatal errors)
of the target node PLCs, and are valid only when the EtherNet/IP Unit is the
originator. The flags are valid only when the corresponding Normal Target
Node Flag is ON. If the corresponding Normal Target Node Flag is OFF, the
Target Node PLC Error Flag indicates the previous error status.
For details on the default settings, refer to 4-2-2 Details of the Allocated CIO
Area Words.
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
+48
+49
+50
+51
+52
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
+53
+54
+55
+56
+57
+58
+59
+60
+61
+62
+63
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
127
126
125
124
123
122
121
120
119
118
117
116
115
114
113
112
143
142
141
140
139
138
137
136
135
134
133
132
131
130
129
128
159
158
157
156
155
154
153
152
151
150
149
148
147
146
145
144
175
174
173
172
171
170
169
168
167
166
165
164
163
162
161
160
191
190
189
188
187
186
185
184
183
182
181
180
179
178
177
176
207
206
205
204
203
202
201
200
199
198
197
196
195
194
193
192
223
222
221
220
219
218
217
216
215
214
213
212
211
210
209
208
239
238
237
236
235
234
233
232
231
230
229
228
227
226
225
224
255
254
253
252
251
250
249
248
247
246
245
244
243
242
241
240
Bit
---
Name
Target Node PLC
Error Flags
Status
ON
Manipulated
by
Unit
OFF
Unit
Unit operation
A fatal or non-fatal error
occurred in the corresponding
PLC.
No error occurred in the PLC.
91
Section 4-5
Auxiliary Area Data
4-5
Auxiliary Area Data
The following table and descriptions cover the words and bits in the CPU
Unit’s Auxiliary Area that are related to the EtherNet/IP Unit.
4-5-1
Read-only Bits/Words
Word(s)
Bit(s)
A202
A20200 to
A20207
Name
Communications
Port Enabled Flags
Function
Bits A20200 to A20207 turn ON when a network
instruction (SEND, RECV, CMND, or PMCR) can be
executed with the corresponding port number. Bits
00 to 07 correspond to communications ports 0 to 7.
A203 to
A210
---
Communications
Port Completion
Codes
A219
A21900 to
A21907
Communications
Port Error Flags
A302
A30200 to
A30215
CPU Bus Unit
Initializing Flags
These words contain the completion codes for the
corresponding port numbers when network
instructions (SEND, RECV, CMND, or PMCR) have
been executed. Words A203 to A210 correspond to
communications ports 0 to 7.
Bits A21900 to A21907 turn ON when an error
occurred during execution of a network instruction
(SEND, RECV, CMND, or PMCR). Bits 00 to 07
correspond to communications ports 0 to 7.
Bits A30200 through A30215 turn ON while the
corresponding CPU Bus Units (Units #0 through
#15, respectively) are initializing. The bits will turn
ON either when power is turned ON or when a CPU
Bus Unit Restart Bit (A50100 to A50115) is turned
ON.
A402
A40203
CPU Bus Unit Setting Error Flag
(Non-fatal error)
A40207
A403
A40300 to
A40308
A410
A41000 to
A41015
92
Bit A40203 is turned ON when the CPU Bus Units
actually installed differ from the Units registered in
the I/O tables. The ERR/ALM indicator on the front
of the CPU Unit will flash, but CPU operation will
continue.
The unit number of the CPU Bus Unit involved is
stored in word A427.
CPU Bus Unit Error Bit A40207 is turned ON when an error occurs
Flag
during the transmission of data between the CPU
(Non-fatal error)
and CPU Bus Units. The ERR/ALM indicator on the
front of the CPU Unit will flash, but CPU operation
will continue. The Unit where the error occurred will
stop.
The unit number of the CPU Bus Unit involved is
stored in word A422.
Memory Error
When a memory error occurs, the Memory Error
Location
Flag (A40115) is turned ON and one of the following
flags is turned ON to indicate the memory area
where the error occurred.
A40300: User program
A40304: PLC Setup
A40305: Registered I/O Tables
A40307: Routing Tables
The ERR/ALM indicator on the front of the CPU Unit
will light and CPU operation will stop.
CPU Bus Unit Num- The Duplication Error Flag (A40113) and the
ber Duplication
corresponding flag in A410 will be turned ON when
Flags
a CPU Bus Unit’s unit number has been
duplicated. Bits 00 to 15 correspond to unit numbers
0 to F.
The ERR/ALM indicator on the front of the CPU Unit
will light and CPU operation will stop.
Settings
0: Network communications running
1: No network communications running
0000: No error
Not 0000: Error code
0: Normal end
1: Error end
0: Not initializing
1: Initializing (System
will automatically turn
the flag OFF when initialization has been
completed.)
0: No setting error
1: Setting error
0: No unit number
error
1: Unit number error
0: Normal
1: Error
0: No duplication
1: Duplication
Section 4-5
Auxiliary Area Data
Word(s)
Bit(s)
A417
A41700 to
A41715
A427
A42700 to
A42715
4-5-2
Word
A501
Name
Function
CPU Bus Unit Error, When an error occurs in a data exchange between
Unit Number Flags the CPU Unit and a CPU Bus Unit, the CPU Bus
Unit Error Flag (A40207) and the corresponding flag
in A417 are turned ON. Bits 00 to 15 correspond to
unit numbers 0 to F.
The ERR/ALM indicator on the front of the CPU Unit
will flash, but CPU operation will continue.
CPU Bus Unit Set- When a CPU Bus Unit Setting Error occurs, A40203
ting Error, Unit
and the corresponding flag in A27 are turned ON.
Number Flags
Bits 00 to 15 correspond to unit numbers 0 to F.
The ERR/ALM indicator on the front of the CPU Unit
will flash, but CPU operation will continue.
Settings
0: No error
1: Error
0: No setting error
1: Setting error
Read/Write Bits (User Settings)
Bits
A50100 to
A50115
Name
CPU Bus Unit
Restart Bits
Description
Bits A50100 through A50115 can be turned ON to
reset CPU Bus Units number #0 through #15,
respectively.
Settings
OFF to ON:
Unit restarted.
Automatically turned
Note The CPU Bus Unit Initializing Flags (A30200 OFF by system after
to A30215) will turn ON when initialization of restart processing
the Units begins and turn OFF when it is com- has been completed.
pleted.
Note When turning ON the CPU Bus Unit Restart
Bit from a ladder program, use the SET
instruction.
93
Auxiliary Area Data
94
Section 4-5
SECTION 5
Determining IP Addresses
This section explains how to manage and use IP addresses.
5-1
5-2
5-3
IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
5-1-1
IP Address Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
5-1-2
Allocating IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
5-1-3
EtherNet/IP Unit IP Address Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
5-1-4
Subnet Masks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
5-1-5
CIDR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
IP Addresses in FINS Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
5-2-1
Specifying Nodes in FINS Communications Services . . . . . . . . . . .
98
5-2-2
Pairing Addresses in Internal Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
5-2-3
Application Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
106
5-2-4
Related Products and Communications/Setting Methods. . . . . . . . .
107
5-2-5
Pairing IP Addresses and FINS Node Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
109
Private and Global Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
5-3-1
Private and Global Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
5-3-2
Using a Private Address for the EtherNet/IP Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111
5-3-3
EtherNet/IP Unit with a Global Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113
95
Section 5-1
IP Addresses
5-1
5-1-1
IP Addresses
IP Address Configuration
IP addresses are made up of 32 bits of binary data divided into four 8-bit fields
called octets. These four octets provide the network number (net ID) and host
number (host ID). The network number identifies the network, and the host
number identifies the node (or host) on the network.
The network numbers in an IP address are divided into three classes, A, B,
and C, so that the address system can be selected according to the scale of
the network. (Classes D and E are not used.) The configuration of the IP
address for each of these classes is shown in the following diagram.
Class A
Bit 31
23
0 Network number (7 bits)
0
Class B
Bit 31
1 0
Class C
Bit 31
1 1 0
Class D
Bit 31
1 1 1 0
Multicast address
Class E
Bit 31
1 1 1 1
Identification address
Host number (24 bits)
15
Network number (14 bits)
0
Host number (16 bits)
7
Network number (21 bits)
0
Host number (8 bits)
0
(Cannot be used.)
0
(Cannot be used.)
The number of networks in each class and the number of nodes possible on
the network differ according to the class.
Class
Class A
Number of networks
Small
Class B
Medium
Class C
Large
Number of hosts
24−2
max. (16,777,214 max.)
16−2
max. (65,534 max.)
2
2
8−2
2
max. (254 max.)
The 32 bits of an IP address are divided into four sections of eight bits each,
and expressed as a punctuated number. IP addresses are represented by the
decimal equivalent of each of the four octets in the 32-bit address, each separated by a period. For example, the binary address 10000010 00111010
00010001 00100000 would be represented as 130.58.17.32.
Note
5-1-2
The same network number must be set for every node on the same Ethernet
network.
Allocating IP Addresses
IP (Internet Protocol) is a standard communications protocol used throughout
the world, and is designed to enable communications between any Ethernet
nodes regardless of the networks on which they exist. To achieve this, network numbers are allocated by the Network Solutions, InterNIC Registration
Services, to ensure that all Ethernet networks have unique numbers regardless of where they exist. The local system administrator is left the responsibility of allocating unique host numbers locally. You therefore should obtain a
network number from the InterNIC Registration Services to ensure uniqueness and allow for future network expansions if required.
96
Section 5-1
IP Addresses
5-1-3
EtherNet/IP Unit IP Address Settings
An IP address must be set even for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port before Ethernet communications can proceed. Use one of the following methods to set the IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port. Either use the default IP address setting, use a Programming Device
to set a particular IP address in the DM Area words (CS/CJ Series only) allocated to the Unit as a CPU Bus Unit, or set a particular IP address in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
• If you want to connect the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
immediately, the default IP address is 192.168.250.Node_address. (The
node address is set with the Node Address Setting Switches on the front
of the EtherNet/IP Unit or CPU Unit.)
• If you want to set a particular IP address and store that local IP address in
the CPU Unit, set it with the CPU Unit’s allocated DM Area words (CS/CJ
Series only).
• If you want to set a particular IP address and store that local IP address in
the EtherNet/IP Unit or CPU Unit, set the IP address in the TCP/IP settings of the Unit Setup from the CX-Programmer.
• If you want to set a particular IP address and obtain the IP address automatically from the BOOTP server, TCP/IP settings of the Unit Setup from
the CX-Programmer. For details, refer to 3-8 TCP/IP and Link Settings.
5-1-4
Subnet Masks
Operation and management of a network can become very difficult if too
many nodes are connected on a single network. In such a case it can be helpful to configure the system so that a single network is divided up into several
subnetworks. This can be done by using part of the host number as a subnet
number. Internally the network can be treated as a number of subnetworks,
but from the outside it acts as a single network and uses only a single Network ID.
To establish subnetworks, the Host ID in the IP address is divided into a Subnet ID and a Host ID by using a setting called the Subnet Mask. The Subnet
Mask indicates which part of the Host ID is to be used as the Subnet ID. All
bits in the Subnet Mask that correspond to the bits in the IP address used
either as the Network ID or Subnet ID are set to “1,” and the remaining bits,
which correspond to the bits in the IP address actually used for the Host ID,
are set to “0.”
The following example shows the Subnet Mask for an 8-bit Subnet ID used in
a class-B IP address.
Bit 31
Class B 1 0 Network ID (14 bits)
Subnet mask
15
0
Host ID (16 bits)
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = FF FF FF 00
Network number
Subnet number
Host number
Set the same Subnet Mask value for all of the nodes on that subnetwork. If no
subnetworks are used, there is no need to set Subnet Masks. In that case, the
following Subnet Mask values will be used depending on the IP address
class.
Class
Class A
Class B
Class C
Subnet Mask value
255.0.0.0
255.255.0.0
255.255.255.0
97
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
5-1-5
CIDR
CIDR, or classless interdomain routing, is used to assign IP addresses that do
not use classes. IP addresses that use classes are separated into blocks
according to net IDs and host IDs, resulting in inefficient usage of IP address
space.
CIDR does not use classes, so IP address space can be divided as required
to more efficiently use IP address space. For example, using a subnet mask
setting with CIDR enables building a horizontally distributed network exceeding 254 nodes even if a class C address block (e.g., 192, 168...).
Subnet mask range
192.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.252
CIDR was added for unit version 2.0.
5-2
5-2-1
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Specifying Nodes in FINS Communications Services
With FINS communications services on an Ethernet network, IP addresses,
UDP port numbers, and TCP port numbers are paired with FINS node
addresses to specify nodes on the network.
Application level
FINS
Transport level
UDP
Internet level
IP
Node number
TCP
UDP port
number
TCP port
number
Must be allocated.
IP address
Physical level
Automatically allocated
Ethernet
Ethernet address
Note
Use the Node Address Setting Switches (NODE NO.) on the front of the EtherNet/IP Unit or, for the built-in EtherNet/IP port, on the front of the CPU Unit
to set the FINS node address.
Allocating Addresses to EtherNet/IP Units and Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
FINS Message Reception
for EtherNet/IP Units or
Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
The IP address, FINS/UDP port number, and FINS/TCP port number set for
the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port are mainly used when receiving FINS communications messages.
Application level
FINS
Transport level
UDP
Internet level
IP
Physical level
Ethernet
Node number
TCP port
number
IP address
Ethernet address
Ethernet V2
98
TCP
UDP port
number
IP
UDP
Receives communications data
conforming to Ethernet address,
IP address, UDP port number,
and FINS node number.
FINS header
FINS data
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Pairing IP Addresses with
FINS Node Addresses at
Local Nodes
• Ethernet address:
A fixed number is assigned to each EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port and it cannot be
changed.
• IP address:
Use the default IP address
(192.168.250.FINS_node number), set the
address in the allocated DM Area words, or set
the address on the TCP/IP Tab Page of the Edit
Parameters Dialog Box from the CX-Programmer.
• FINS/UDP port No.:
Use the default FINS/UDP port number (9600) or
set the number on the FINS/UDP Tab Page of
the Edit Parameters Dialog Box from the CX-Programmer.
• FINS/TCP port No.:
Use the default FINS/TCP port number (9600) or
set the number on the FINS/UDP Tab Page of
the Edit Parameters Dialog Box from the CX-Programmer.
• FINS node address:
Set the number using the Node Address Setting
Switches (NODE NO.) on the front of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
A particular IP address is allocated to each communications node, including
EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports. The IP address must be
paired with the FINS node address (1 to 254) by one of the following methods.
■
Automatic Generation Method (Dynamic/Static)
Set the relationship between the IP address and the FINS node address setting in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port according to the following equation. If the setting does not conform to this equation, a setting error
will be generated and the MS Indicator will flash red.
FINS node address = IP address host number
■
IP Address Table Method and Combined Method
With these methods, the IP address and the FINS node address setting in the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port have no particular relationship.
Set both the FINS node address and the IP address so that they are not duplicated in the network.
Sending FINS Messages
from EtherNet/IP Units or
Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
When the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port sends a FINS message, it is necessary to determine the remote node's IP address, UDP port
number, and TCP port number. The relationships between all addresses,
such as remote FINS node addresses and IP addresses, are managed by an
internal table at the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Remote FINS node
address
1
2
to
254
Remote IP address
Connection
(Example)
192.168.250.1
UDP
192.168.250.2
UDP
Remote port
number (Example)
9600
9600
192.168.250.254
9600
UDP
When the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is turned ON or
restarted, the internal table is generated automatically from the various settings that have been made. Depending on the setting method used, data such
as remote IP addresses may be changed dynamically. (Dynamic changes can
be prohibited.)
99
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
FINS data
FINS header
Internal table
Remote FINS
node number
1
2
!
!
!
254
Remote IP
address (Example) Connection
Remote port
number
(Example)
192.168.250.1
192.168.250.2
UDP
UDP
9600
9600
192.168.250.254
UDP
9600
Application level
Transport level
Remote node
Application level FINS
FINS
UDP
Internet level
IP
Physical level
Ethernet
Node number
UDP port
number
TCP
TCP port
number
Ethernet address
5-2-2
IP
UDP
UDP
Internet level
IP
Physical level
Ethernet
TCP
UDP port
number
TCP port
number
IP address
Ethernet address
The remote node's IP address, UDP/TCP
method, UDP port number, and TCP port
number are calculated from the node
number in the FINS message, and an
Ethernet frame is generated.
IP address
Ethernet V2
Node number
Transport level
FINS header
FINS data
Pairing Addresses in Internal Tables
FINS/UDP Communications Methods
Automatic Generation
(Dynamic)
When the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is turned ON or
restarted, the following values are set for addresses in the internal table.
• Remote IP address:
Local IP address network number + remote
FINS node address
• Remote UDP port number: UDP port number set for local Unit
• Connection method:
FINS/UDP
With the dynamic method, data in an internal table that has been generated
can be dynamically converted according to FINS messages received from
remote nodes. This is enabled when the remote node is a device such as a
personal computer and IP addresses are dynamically changed by a method
such as DHCP.
EtherNet/IP Unit
CPU Unit
Remote FINS node number
Personal computer
Must be fixed.
Local FINS node number
Can be changed.
Local IP address
Automatic generation
(dynamic setting)
Internal table
Remote IP address
IP address
FINS command
IP address
FINS response
Local FINS node number
Change
registration
Local IP address
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
For the remote IP address,
a response is returned to
the changed IP address.
100
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Automatic Generation
(Static)
With the static method as well, the following values are set for addresses in
the internal table when the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is
turned ON or restarted.
• Remote IP address:
Local IP address network number + remote
FINS node address
• Remote UDP port number: UDP port number set for local Unit
• Connection method:
FINS/UDP
With the static method, however, data in an internal table that has been generated is not freely changed.
CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
Remote FINS node number
Personal computer
Local FINS node number
Must be fixed.
Automatic generation
(static setting)
Internal table
Local FINS node number
Must be fixed.
Local IP address
Remote IP address
IP address FINS command
Local IP address
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
IP address FINS response
IP Address Table Method
With this method, FINS node addresses are converted to IP addresses based
on a preset correspondence table (IP address table).
The IP address table is set on the FINS/UDP Tab Page of the Edit Parameters Dialog Box of the CX-Programmer. Nodes can be registered even if they
are in different segments and have different network IDs
The internal table will be as follows:
• FINS Node Address Registered to IP Address Table
The following address is registered to the internal table.
• Remote IP address:
IP address registered to IP address table
• Remote UDP port number: UDP port number set for local Unit
• Connection method:
FINS/UDP
• FINS Node Address Not Registered to IP Address Table
The following address is registered to the internal table.
• Remote IP address:
0.0.0.0
• Remote UDP port number: UDP port number set for local Unit
• Connection method:
FINS/UDP
With the IP address table method, records of FINS nodes registered to the IP
address table are not changed dynamically. When the Unit is turned ON or
restarted, the IP addresses of remote FINS nodes registered with an IP
address of 0.0.0.0 can be changed dynamically according to FINS messages
received from remote nodes. This can be used effectively when the remote
node is a device such as a personal computer and IP addresses are dynamically changed by a method such as DHCP.
101
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Example
When FINS Command is Sent
FINS node number
IP address table
Node number in
IP address table
FINS node
number
18
20
153.214.0.62
153.214.0.129
23
153.218.51.8
IP address
IP address 153.214.0.129
FINS command sent
When FINS Command is Received
FINS node number
Node number not
in IP address table
Internal table
25
153.218.51.10
Changed
Combined Method
IP address 153.218.51.10
FINS response returned
The combined method combines the IP address table method and the automatic generation method (dynamic).
First the IP address table is referenced. Then, if the applicable FINS node
address is found, the corresponding IP address is read. If the FINS node
address is not found, the IP address is calculated using the automatic generation method (dynamic).
The internal table will be as follows:
• FINS Node Address Registered to IP Address Table
The following address is registered to the internal table.
• Remote IP address:
IP address registered in IP address table
• Remote UDP port number: UDP port number set for local Unit
• Connection method:
FINS/UDP
• FINS Node Address Not Registered to IP Address Table
The following address is registered to the internal table.
• Remote IP address:
Local IP address network number + FINS
node address
• Remote UDP port number: UDP port number set for local Unit
• Connection method:
FINS/UDP
With the combined method, records of FINS nodes registered to the IP
address table are not dynamically changed. When the Unit is turned ON or
restarted and the IP address of a remote FINS node is not registered in the IP
table, the IP address can be changed dynamically according to FINS messages received from the remote node. This can be used effectively when the
remote node is a device such as a personal computer and IP addresses are
dynamically changed by a method such as DHCP.
102
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Example
When FINS Command is Sent
FINS node number
IP address table
FINS node
IP address
number
Node number in
18
153.214.0.62
IP address table
20
153.214.0.129
23
153.218.51.8
Node number not
in IP address table Network number: xx.xx.00.00
+
FINS node number: xx
Automatic
generation
method
IP address
FINS command
sent
IP address
(See note.)
FINS command
sent
When FINS Command is Received
FINS node number
Node number
not in IP
address table
Changed
IP address
method
Automatic
generation
method
(dynamic)
Internal table
25
153.218.51.10
IP address
153.218.51.10
FINS response
returned
Note When an internal table IP address has been changed with the reception of a
FINS command, this is sent to the IP address in the internal table.
Prohibiting Dynamically
Changing Remote IP
Addresses
With EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports, it is possible to prohibit
(protect against) dynamic changes to remote IP addresses by each method
(automatic generation, IP address table, or combined method). Use the CXProgrammer to make this setting.
When dynamically changing remote (destination) IP addresses is prohibited,
the internal table for each method is maintained in the same state it had when
the power was turned ON or restarted. Therefore, protection can be provided
against access using FINS/UDP from personal computers or other devices
that have dynamically changing IP addresses. To prohibit dynamic changes,
clear the selection of the Dynamic change the target IP addresses Option on
the FINS/UDP Tab Page in the Edit Parameters Dialog Box of the CX-Programmer.
Using the ETN11compatible Mode
With EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports, operating specifications
can be made compatible with the CS1W-ETN11/CJ1W-ETN11 for all methods (automatic generation (dynamic), I/O address table, or combined).
(Dynamic changes, however, are prohibited for the destination IP address in
ETN11-compatible mode.) While in ETN11-compatible mode, the following
operations will be performed the same as they are for the CS1W-ETN11/
CJ1W-ETN11 for FINS/UDP command data sent from a UDP port number
other than the local FINS/UDP port number (default: 9600) set ion the FINS/
UDP Tab Page.
• If the command data is addressed to an Ethernet Unit, a FINS response
will be sent to the source UDP port number.
• If the command data is for any other Unit, such as the CPU Unit, a FINS
response will be sent to the UDP port number set as the FINS/UDP port
number.
103
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Section 5-2
Note If the ETN11-compatible mode is used, the internal table will retain the same
content from when it was created after the EtherNet/IP Unit was turned ON or
restarted. This feature provides protection from access via FINS/UDP from
computers that dynamically change their IP address.
FINS/TCP Communications Method
Pairing in the FINS/TCP
Method
With the FINS/TCP method, communications are first established for each
connection, and then remote FINS node addresses are mutually converted.
(See note.) After the FINS node address is converted, FINS message communications are executed.
In this way, remote FINS node addresses and remote IP addresses are
paired for each connection. Therefore, with the FINS/TCP method, there is no
need to set IP address conversions (i.e., pairing FINS node addresses with IP
addresses) as with FINS/UDP. On the other hand, it is necessary to set the
remote IP address for each connection in the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the Network Configurator’s Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
Note
The internal table is changed after connections are established.
Internal Processing
The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port executes the following processing when the FINS/TCP method is used.
■
1,2,3...
Local Device: FINS/TCP Client
1. Connections are established in TCP/IP protocol with the remote IP addresses set for FINS/TCP connections in the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the
CX-Programmer’s Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
2. The remote node (i.e., the server) is notified of the FINS node address for
the local device.
3. Notification is received from the remote node (i.e., the server) of the remote node's FINS node address.
4. The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port changes the internal table
(FINS node address, IP address, and TCP port number).
5. FINS messages can then be sent and received.
104
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
■
1,2,3...
Local Device: FINS/TCP Server
1. A request to open a connection is received in TCP/IP protocol from the remote device (i.e., the client, either a personal computer, an EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port), and the connection is established.
2. Notification is received from the remote node (i.e., the client) of the remote
node's FINS node address.
3. The local device provides notification of the local FINS node address.
4. The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port changes the internal node
correspondence table (FINS node address, IP address, and TCP port
number).
5. FINS messages can then be sent and received.
Personal computer or
EtherNet/IP Unit (client)
EtherNet/IP Unit (server)
(1) The connection is established.
Local FINS node number A
(2) The local device (such as a personal
computer) sends notification that its
FINS node number is A.
Local IP address T
IP address FINS node number transmission
CPU Unit
Local FINS node number B
Local IP address S
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
IP address FINS node number transmission
The FINS node number (3) The EtherNet/IP Unit sends notification that
is converted for each
its FINS node number is B.
connection number.
(4) The internal node correspondence
table is changed.
(5) It then becomes possible to send
and receive FINS messages.
Setting FINS/TCP
Connections
The procedure for setting FINS/TCP connections involves the items described
below. The settings are made individually for each connection (numbers 1 to
16) on the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the Edit Parameters Dialog Box of the CXProgrammer.
■
1,2,3...
Local Device: Server
1. Set the server.
2. Set IP addresses for the devices to be connected.
If the option for protection of IP addresses is selected, set the IP addresses
for clients where connections are permitted. (This step can be omitted.)
3. Automatic FINS node address allocation:
If the client (generally a personal computer) supports FINS/TCP, and if it
is to be used without setting a FINS node address, the value set here (from
239 to 254) can be allocated to the client. The default settings should normally be used.
■
1,2,3...
Local Device: Client
1. Set the client.
105
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
2. Set IP addresses for the devices to be connected.
Set the IP address for the remote EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port (i.e., the server) connected by FINS/TCP.
This setting must be made if this EtherNet/IP Unit will be used as a FINS/
TCP client.
5-2-3
Application Examples
Responding to Computers with Changed IP Addresses
FINS/UDP
Communications Method
With FINS/UDP, whether using the automatic conversion method (dynamic),
the IP address table method, or the combined method, remote FINS node
addresses and remote IP addresses in the internal table are changed after
FINS messages are received. Therefore, even when a FINS command has
been received from a personal computer (a DHCP client computer) for which
the IP address is dynamically changed, a response can still be sent back to
the computer (the DHCP client computer) from which the command originated.
Personal computer (client)
IP address changed
(acquired from DHCP server when connected)
FINS command sent
IP address FINS command
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
IP address FINS response
EtherNet/IP Unit
(with fixed IP address)
Response sent back to
changed IP address
FINS/TCP
Communications Method
With FINS/TCP, FINS node addresses and IP addresses in the internal table
are changed with each connection that is established. Therefore, even when
a FINS command has been received from a personal computer (a DHCP client computer) for which the IP address is dynamically changed, a response
can still be sent back to the computer (the DHCP client computer) from which
the command originated.
Personal computer (client)
IP address changed
(acquired from DHCP server when connected)
FINS command sent
IP address FINS command
IP address FINS response
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
EtherNet/IP Unit
(FINS/TCP server; with
fixed IP address)
Response sent back to
changed IP address
Note
106
Automatic IP Address Setting by DHCP Service
DHCP service is a method whereby a DHCP server collectively manages all
of the IP address in a network.
Nodes that are functioning as clients acquire IP addresses from the DHCP
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
server whenever the system is started. Therefore, at a personal computer
using the DHCP service, IP addresses may be different with each system
startup.
DHCP service is mainly used for automatic settings in devices such as personal computers that are used for client applications. Nodes used for server
applications, such as mail servers, are normally allocated fixed IP addresses.
EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports in PLC systems are also allocated fixed IP addresses.
Simultaneously Running Multiple Applications on a Personal Computer
In communications involving previous models, multiple communications applications were configured on personal computers according to data accessing
uses, and the fact that no more than one UDP port number for FINS communications could be used on any given computer created a problem. This EtherNet/IP Unit provides a practical solution with an internal table that pairs
remote nodes (applications) with FINS node addresses, enabling dynamic
changes.
FINS/UDP
Communications Method
FINS nodes are allocated individually for each application on the computer,
and the respective FINS/UDP port numbers that are used are also allocated
individually. When FINS/UDP FINS commands are sent from individual applications to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, the respective
remote IP addresses and remote port numbers in the internal table are
dynamically changed.
FINS/TCP
Communications Method
With this method as well, FINS nodes are allocated individually for each application on the computer, and the respective FINS/TCP port numbers that are
used are also allocated individually. Each application is positioned with a
FINS/TCP client, and requests the opening of a connection with the FINS/
TCP server of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. When the
connection is established, the respective remote IP address and remote port
number in the internal table are dynamically changed.
5-2-4
Related Products and Communications/Setting Methods
Models Supporting
Automatic Generation
Method (Dynamic)
Product
Model/Series/
Version
CS-series Ethernet
Unit
100BASE-TX
10BASE-5
10BASE-T
CS1W-ETN21
CS1W-ETN01
CS1W-ETN11
CJ-series Ethernet
Unit
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
10BASE-5
CJ1W-ETN21
CJ1W-ETN11
CV500-ETN01
CV/CVM1-series
Ethernet Unit
FinsGateway
Version 4.xx or
lower
Version 2003 or
higher
Supports automatic
generation method
(dynamic)?
Yes
No: Set by automatic
generation method or
combined method. Communications are not possible with personal
computers with variable
IP addresses.
Yes
No: Set by automatic
generation method or
combined method. Communications are not possible with personal
computers with variable
IP addresses.
Yes
107
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Product
Programmable Terminal
Open Network Controller (ONC)
Model/Series/
Version
NS Series
---
Supports automatic
generation method
(dynamic)?
No: Set manually so that
automatic settings can be
used with the automatic
generation method.
Models Supporting
Automatic Generation
Method (Static)
Product
Model/Series/
Version
CS-series Ethernet
Unit
100BASE-TX
10BASE-5
10BASE-T
CS1W-ETN21
CS1W-ETN01
CS1W-ETN11
CJ-series Ethernet
Unit
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
10BASE-5
CJ1W-ETN21
CJ1W-ETN11
CV500-ETN01
CV/CVM1-series
Ethernet Unit
FinsGateway
Programmable Terminal
Open Network Controller (ONC)
Version 4.xx or
lower
Version 2003 or
higher
NS Series
---
Supports automatic
generation method
(static)?
Yes
Yes: Simply called “automatic generation
method.”
Yes
Yes: Simply called “automatic generation
method.”
Yes
No: Set manually so that
automatic settings can be
used with the automatic
generation method.
Models Supporting IP
Address Table Method
Product
CS-series Ethernet
Unit
CJ-series Ethernet
Unit
CV/CVM1-series
Ethernet Unit
FinsGateway
100BASE-TX
10BASE-5
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
10BASE-5
Programmable Terminal
Open Network Controller (ONC)
108
Model/Series/
Version
CS1W-ETN21
CS1W-ETN01
CS1W-ETN11
CJ1W-ETN21
CJ1W-ETN11
CV500-ETN01
Version 4.xx or
lower
Version 2003 or
higher
NS Series
---
Supports IP address
table method?
Yes
No: Set manually. FINS
communications are not
possible with personal
computers set automatically by DHCP.
Section 5-2
IP Addresses in FINS Communications
Models that Can Use the
Combined Method
Product
CS-series Ethernet
Unit
CJ-series Ethernet
Unit
CV/CVM1-series
Ethernet Unit
FinsGateway
100BASE-TX
10BASE-5
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
10BASE-5
Programmable Terminal
Open Network Controller (ONC)
5-2-5
Model/Series/
Version
CS1W-ETN21
CS1W-ETN01
CS1W-ETN11
CJ1W-ETN21
CJ1W-ETN11
CV500-ETN01
Supports combined
method?
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
No
Version 4.xx or
lower
Version 2003 or
higher
NS Series
---
No
Yes
No: Set manually. FINS
communications are not
possible with personal
computers set automatically by DHCP.
Pairing IP Addresses and FINS Node Addresses
The following table shows the methods for pairing IP address and FINS node
addresses, and the relation between fixed and variable address, for both
FINS/UDP and FINS/TCP.
Communications
method
FINS/UDP
FINS/TCP
Method of pairing
of IP addresses
and FINS node
addresses
IP address determination
By pairing FINS
IP address
node addresses with conversion
IP addresses in
Ethernet
By automatic conver- Automatic
sion of FINS node
addresses at EtherNet/IP Unit and
remote node (and
then sending and
receiving data)
Automatic generation method
(static)
Automatic generation method
(dynamic)
IP address table
method
Combined
method
Connection
method (automatic FINS
node address
conversion)
Client (personal
Server (PLC)
computer or PLC)
FINS node IP address FINS node IP address
address
address
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed or
variable
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed or
variable
Fixed
Fixed or
variable
Fixed or
Fixed or
can be allo- variable
cated automatically
when not
determined.
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
109
Section 5-3
Private and Global Addresses
5-3
5-3-1
Private and Global Addresses
Private and Global Addresses
There are two kinds of IP addresses, private and global.
• Global addresses: These are IP addresses that connect directly to the
Internet. Allocated by application to NIC, each
address is unique in the world, and as many as
4.3 million can be allocated worldwide.
• Private addresses: These are IP addresses for Intranet (LAN) use, and
cannot connect directly to the Internet. Frames that
include private IP addresses are restricted by the
router from being sent outside the LAN.
Generally, as shown below, global addresses in the intranet are allocated only
to IP routers (such as broadband routers) interfacing with the Internet. All
other nodes in the intranet, including the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port, are allocated private addresses.
Intranet
Personal computer,
CX-Programmer, etc.
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
Firewall
PLC
Private address
IP router
Private address
Internet
Not output to Internet
Global address
(required)
Not output to Internet
Intranet
Global address
IP router
Private address
Private address
Personal computer,
CX-Programmer, etc.
Firewall
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
PLC
Private address
Communications Services
That Require Global
Addresses for EtherNet/IP
Units and built-in
EtherNet/IP ports
PLC
Private address
A global address is required for the IP addresses of the EtherNet/IP Units and
built-in EtherNet/IP port when the following communications services are
used over the Internet.
• FINS communications services
• Explicit message communications services
110
Section 5-3
Private and Global Addresses
5-3-2
Using a Private Address for the EtherNet/IP Unit
Intranet
FINS/TCP client computer
with CX-Programmer, etc.
or
CIP client computer with
Network Configurator, etc.
FINS communications,
Explicit messages
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
Communications in intranet
Firewall
PLC
IP router
EtherNet/IP Unit: Private address
Internet
Intranet
FINS/TCP client computer
with CX-Programmer, etc.
or
CIP client computer with
Network Configurator, etc.
IP router
FINS communications,
Explicit messages
Firewall
Communications in Intranet
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
PLC
PLC
Communications
in Intranet
EtherNet/IP Unit: Private address
EtherNet/IP Unit: Private address
Conditions for Using
Communications
Applications
When the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port has a private address,
communications applications can be used under the following conditions:
■
FINS Communications Service
• The FINS communications service can be executed on the intranet
between EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports with private
addresses only.
A device such as a personal computer (with a FINS application, including
the CX-Programmer) cannot connect online and communicate over the
Internet with an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port that has a private address. FINS communications are also not possible over the Internet between EtherNet/IP Units and or built-in EtherNet/IP ports with
private addresses.
• Either FINS/TCP or FINS/UDP can be used for the FINS communications
service.
• With FINS/UDP, all of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port IP
address conversion methods can be used.
111
Section 5-3
Private and Global Addresses
• With FINS/UDP, when the IP address (private address) of a computer
serving as a DHCP client is changed, the IP address conversion method
of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port will be the automatic
generation method (dynamic), the combined method, or the IP address
table method. When FINS/TCP is used, IP addresses can be changed
automatically.
■
Explicit Message Communications Service
• The explicit message communications service can be executed on the
intranet between EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports with private addresses only.
• A device such as a personal computer (CIP applications including the
Network Configurator) cannot connect online and communicate over the
Internet with an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port that has a private address. Explicit message communications are also not possible
over the Internet between EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports
with private addresses.
Note Network Security and Firewalls
Setting up an intranet through a global address involves network security considerations. Before doing so, be sure to consult with a network specialist and
consider installing a firewall.
Once a firewall has been set up by a communications technician, on the other
hand, there may be some applications that cannot be used. Be sure to check
first with the communications technician.
112
Section 5-3
Private and Global Addresses
5-3-3
EtherNet/IP Unit with a Global Address
Intranet
FINS/TCP client computer
with CX-Programmer, etc.
or
CIP client computer with
Network Configurator, etc.
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
Communications
over Internet
Firewall
Private address
IP router
Internet
Not output to Internet
Global address
(required)
Not output to Internet
Intranet
Global address
IP router
Private address
Private address
Firewall
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
PLC
Communications
in intranet
EtherNet/IP Unit: Global address
Conditions for Using
Communications
Applications
Communications applications can be used over the Internet under the following conditions:
■
FINS Communications Service
• A device such as a personal computer (a FINS application, including the
CX-Programmer) can connect online and communicate over the Internet
with an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port that has a global
address.
• FINS/TCP is recommended as the FINS communications service method.
FINS/TCP is more reliable than FINS/UDP in terms of communications
errors involving IP routers.
• The IP address table method is used as the IP address conversion
method of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
• The TCP port number to be used for FINS/TCP cannot be used if prohibited by a firewall in the communications path.
■
Explicit Message Communications Service
• A device such as a personal computer (a CIP application including the
Network Configurator) can connect online and communicate over the
Internet with an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port that has a
global address.
113
Private and Global Addresses
Section 5-3
• If the TCP port number (44818) or UDP port number (44818) that is used
for EtherNet/IP cannot be used if prohibited by a firewall in the communications path.
Note Network Security and Firewalls
Setting a global IP address for an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
involves network security considerations. It is recommended that the user
contract with a communications company for a dedicated line, rather than
using a general line such as a broadband line. Also, be sure to consult with a
network specialist and consider security measures such as a firewall.
Once a firewall has been set up by a communications technician, on the other
hand, there may be some applications that cannot be used. Be sure to check
first with the communications technician.
114
SECTION 6
Tag Data Link Functions
This section describes tag data link functions and related Network Configurator operations.
6-1
6-2
6-3
Overview of Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
6-1-1
Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
6-1-2
Overview of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
6-1-3
Tag Data Link Functions and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119
6-1-4
Data Link Data Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
120
Setting Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
125
6-2-1
Starting the Network Configurator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
125
6-2-2
Tag Data Link Setting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
128
6-2-3
Registering Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
129
6-2-4
Creating Tags and Tag Sets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
130
6-2-5
Connection Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
145
6-2-6
Setting Tags Using Data Link Tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
154
6-2-7
Creating Connections Using the Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
160
6-2-8
Creating Connections by Device Dragging and Dropping . . . . . . . .
163
6-2-9
Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network . . . . . . . . . .
165
6-2-10 Downloading Tag Data Link Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
172
6-2-11 Uploading Tag Data Link Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
175
6-2-12 Verifying the Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
176
6-2-13 Starting and Stopping Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
179
6-2-14 Clearing the Device Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
180
6-2-15 Saving the Network Configuration File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
181
6-2-16 Reading a Network Configuration File. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
182
6-2-17 Checking Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
184
6-2-18 Changing Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
185
6-2-19 Displaying Device Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
185
Ladder Programming with Tag Data Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
187
6-3-1
Ladder Programming Related to Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
187
6-3-2
Status Flags Related to Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
190
115
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
6-1
6-1-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
Tag Data Links
Tag data links enable cyclic data exchanges on an EtherNet/IP network
between PLCs or between PLCs and another device. I/O memory addresses
(e.g., in the CIO or DM Area) and symbols can be assigned to tags. The settings for tag data links are made using the Network Configurator. Refer to 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links for information on how to make the settings.
Note
Symbols can be used in tags only for the [email protected] and [email protected] If you are using a CJ1W-EIP21 or CS1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Unit that
is mounted to a [email protected] or any CPU Unit other than the [email protected], use I/O memory addresses to set the tag data links.
With tag data links, one node requests the opening of a communications line
called a connection to exchange data with another node. The node that
requests opening the connection is called the originator, and the node that
receives the request is called the target.
CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
Inputs
CPU Unit
Outputs
Connection
Tag set name: ABC
DM00100
I/O refreshed.
Var-In(WR200)
DM00100
Var-In
DM20000
Tag set name: OUT1
Input tags
Originator
Var-Out2(DM100)
Target
Inputs
Outputs
DM20100
Var-Out1(DM0)
I/O refreshed.
Var-Out3(DM200)
DM20000
DM00200
Var-Out(WR300)
Var-Out1
Var-Out2
Var-Out3
Output tags
Connection
I/O refreshed.
Tag set name: XYZ
DM00200
Var-Out
DM20100
Tag set name: IN1
Output tags
Input tags
DM00200
WR300
DM20100
PLC status
Target
I/O refreshed.
DM00200
WR300
DM20100
PLC status
Originator
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
For communications between PLCs, the connection information is set in the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port of the PLC that receives data (i.e.,
the originator).
Note
The specifications for using tag data links with the CJ2M built-in EtherNet/IP
port on a [email protected] CPU Unit are different from the specifications for EtherNet/IP Units (CJ1W-EIP21 or CS1W-EIP21) and the CJ2H built-in EtherNet/
IP port on a [email protected]@-EIP CPU Unit. Make sure you are using the correct specifications for the application.
Refer to 2-1-3 Communications Specifications for the communications specifications.
6-1-2
Overview of Operation
Setting and Downloading Tag Data Link Parameters
The tag data link parameters (e.g., connection information) that are described
below are created using the Network Configurator, and then the parameters
are downloaded to all originator devices on the EtherNet/IP network.
116
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
Make the following settings using the Network Configurator if tag data link
functionality is used with the CJ2B-EIP21 built-in EtherNet/IP port on the
CJ2H, CJ2M-EIP21 built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2M, CS1W-EIP21, or
CJ1W-EIP21.
Tag Settings
Create input (reception) tags and output (send) tags for addresses in the CPU
Unit's I/O memory areas or for symbols.
The following are the limits for tags that can be created with the CJ2B-EIP21
built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2H, CJ2M-EIP21 built-in EtherNet/IP port
on the CJ2M, CS1W-EIP21, or CJ1W-EIP21.
• A maximum of 32 tags can be created per Unit for the CJ2M-EIP21. A
maximum of 256 tags can be created per Unit for other CPU Units.
• A maximum data size of 1,280 bytes (640 words)*1 can be used per tag
for the CJ2M-EIP21. A maximum data size of 1,444 bytes (722 words)
can be used per tag for other CPU Units.
*1 Unit version 2.0: 40 bytes (20 words) maximum.
With the [email protected] or [email protected], you can create tags by importing network symbols (i.e., I/O allocation settings) that were created using the
CX-Programmer into the Network Configurator. Output tags can be defined to
clear output data to 0 or to hold the output data when PLC outputs are turned
OFF.
Setting Tag Sets
Create output tag sets and input tag sets and position them. (Up to eight tag
sets can be created). The following are the limits on tag sets that can be created with the CJ2B-EIP21 built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2H, CJ2M-EIP21
built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2M, CS1W-EIP21, or CJ1W-EIP21.
• A maximum of 32 tag sets can be created per Unit for the CJ2M-EIP21. A
maximum of 256 tag sets can be created per Unit for other CPU Units.
• A maximum data size of 1,280 bytes (640 words)*1 can be used per tag
set for the CJ2M-EIP21. A maximum data size of 1,444 bytes (722 words)
can be used per tag set for other CPU Units.
*1 Unit version 2.0: 40 bytes (20 words) maximum.
The PLC status can be specified in a tag set to indicate the CPU Unit’s operating status (operating information and error information).
Setting Connections
The target device output tag set and the originator device input tag set are
associated as connections. A maximum of 256 connections can be opened
per Unit for the CJ2B-EIP21 built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2H, CS1WEIP21, or CJ1W-EIP21. A maximum of 32 connections can be opened per
Unit for the CJ2M-EIP21 built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2M.
Counting Connections
The number of connections is the total of the number of input tag sets that
receive data and the number of nodes that send data for output tag sets.
(Refer to the following figure.) One connection is consumed for each connection setting whether the connection is a multicast connection or a unicast
(point-to-point) connection.
117
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
Example of Calculating the Number of Connections
• EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port with IP address of
192.168.250.254 in bidirectional connection with 128 nodes
192.168.250.1
192.168.250.254
Tagset _in1
Tagset _in2
Tagset_in128
CN.1
Tagset_out
Tagset_in
CN.2
CN.129
:
192.168.250.2
Tagset_out
CN.128
CN.130
Tagset_out25 4
Tagset_in
:
:
The maximum number of
connections for node
192.168.250.254 is 32 for
the CJ2M-EIP21 and 256
for other CPU Units.
:
:
192.168.250.128
Tagset_out
CN.256
Tagset_in
Another EtherNet/IP Unit must be mounted to the PLC to increase the maximum number of connections. (Refer to the following figure.)
Example of Calculating the Number of Connections
• The maximum number of connections (32 for the CJ2M-EIP21 and 256 for
other CPU Units) per Unit would be exceeded if an EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port with an IP address of 192.168.250.254 is used in a
bidirectional connection with 129 nodes. In this case, bidirectional
communications can be performed with 129 nodes or more by adding an
EtherNet/IP Unit with the IP address of, for example, 192.168.250.253 to
the same PLC, creating an output tag set in the new EtherNet/IP Unit, and
creating connections.
192.168.250.254
Tagset_in1
Tagset_in2
Tagset _in129
192.168.250.1
CN.1
CN.2
Tagset _out
CN.1
:
Tagset_in
192.168.250.2
Tagset _out
CN.129
CN.2
Tagset _in
:
:
:
:
192.168.250.253
Tagset _out 253
192.168.250.129
Tagset _out
CN.129
Setting the Packet Interval
(RPI)
Tagset _in
The packet interval is the data I/O refresh cycle in the Ethernet circuit when
performing tag data links, and can be set separately for each connection. The
packet interval can be set to between 0.5 and 10,000 ms in units of 0.5 ms for
the CJ2B-EIP21 (built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2H), CS1W-EIP21, or
CJ1W-EIP21. It can be set to between 1 and 10,000 ms in units of 0.5 ms for
the CJ2M-EIP21 (built-in EtherNet/IP port on the CJ2M). The default setting is
50 ms.
With EtherNet/IP, data is exchanged on the communications line at the packet
interval that is set for each connection, regardless of the number of nodes.
Using Multicast and
Unicast Communications
A multicast connection or unicast (point-to-point) connection can be selected
as the connection type in the tag data link connection settings.
With a multicast connection, you can send an output tag set in one package to
multiple nodes and make allocations to the input tag sets.
A unicast connection separately sends one output tag set to each node, and
so it sends the same number of packets as the number of input tag sets.
Therefore, using multicast connections can decrease the communications
load if one output tag set is sent to multiple nodes.
118
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
If multicast connections are used, however, use a switching hub that has multicast filtering, unless the tag set is received by all nodes in the network.
If a switching hub that does not have multicast filtering is used, the multicast
packets will be broadcast to the entire network, and so packets will be sent to
nodes that do not require them, which will cause the communications load on
those nodes to increase.
This applies only if one output tag set is sent to multiple nodes using a multicast connection with one packet, the connection type of the connections that
receive the output tag set is multicast, and the connection I/O types, packet
intervals (RPI), and timeout values are all the same.
Note
The performance of communications devices is limited to some extent by the
limitations of each product’s specifications. Consequently, there are limits to
the packet interval (RPI) settings. Refer to 10-2 Adjusting the Communications Load and set an appropriate packet interval (RPI).
Starting and Stopping Tag Data Links
Tag data links are automatically started when the data link parameters are
downloaded from the Network Configurator. Thereafter, tag data links can be
stopped and started for the entire network or individual devices from the Network Configurator. Starting and stopping tag data links for individual devices
must be performed for the originator.
Software switches in allocated words can also be used to start and stop tag
data links for the entire network. Refer to 6-2-13 Starting and Stopping Tag
Data Links for details.
6-1-3
Tag Data Link Functions and Specifications
Item
Communications
type
Setting method
Tags
Specification
Standard EtherNet/IP implicit communications (connectiontype cyclic communications)
After setting tags, tag sets, and connections with the Network
Configurator, the tag data link parameters must be downloaded to all devices in the EtherNet/IP network.
With a [email protected] or [email protected] CPU Unit, a symbol table can be created with the CX- Programmer and then
imported into the Network Configurator to allocate tags.
After the parameters are downloaded, the EtherNet/IP Units
are restarted to start the tag data links.
Applicable CPU Unit data: CIO Area, DM Area, EM Area,
Holding Area, Work Area, and symbols. (See note.)
Number of words per tag: 640 max. (1,280 bytes)*1 for CJ2MEIP21, 722 max. (1,444 bytes) for other CPU Units
Number of tags per Unit: 32 max. for CJ2M-EIP21, 256 max.
for other CPU Units
Tag sets
Note Supported only by the [email protected] and [email protected] Network symbols (I/O allocation settings) that
are created with the CX-Programmer can be imported
to the Network Configurator.
Number of tags per tag set: 8 max. (7 max. if PLC status is
included)
Number of words per tag set: 640 max. (1,280 bytes)*1 for
CJ2M-EIP21, 722 max. (1,444 bytes) for other CPU Units
Number of tag sets per Unit: 32 max. for CJ2M-EIP21, 256
max. for other CPU Units
119
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
Item
Maximum link data
size per node (total
size of all tags)
Connections
Specification
184,832 words max. (722 words × 256) (CJ2M-EIP21: 640
words max.)
Number of connections per Unit: 32 max. for CJ2M-EIP21,
256 max. for other CPU Units
Connection type
Each connection can be set for 1-to-1 (unicast) or 1-to-N (multicast) communications. (Default: Multicast)
Packet interval (RPI) 1 to 10,000 ms for CJ2M-EIP21 and 0.5 to 10,000 ms for other
CPU Units (in 0.5-ms units)
The packet interval can be set separately for each connection.
*1 Unit version 2.0: 20 words (40 bytes) maximum.
System Configuration Conditions for Setting Tags Using Symbols or I/O Memory
Addresses
Local tags for tag data links can be set using I/O memory addresses or network symbols. Support for network symbols, however, depends on the model
of CPU Unit, as shown in the following table.
Communications with the remote node are possible regardless of whether the
remote node tags are set using I/O memory addresses or network symbols.
CPU Unit
Name in hardware list
of Network
Configurator
CJ2B-EIP21
[email protected]
CJ2M-EIP21
[email protected]
CJ1W-EIP21(CJ2)
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
CJ1W-EIP21
CJ1 CPU Unit
CS1W-EIP21
CS1 CPU Unit
Note
6-1-4
EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port
[email protected]@-EIP
[email protected]
CJ1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
CS1W-EIP21
Symbol name
specification
OK
OK
OK
([email protected] and
[email protected] only)
(See note.)
-----
I/O memory
address
specification
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
Symbols cannot be set for tags with [email protected] and [email protected] CPU
Units.
Data Link Data Areas
Tags
A data link between the local I/O memory and a remote I/O memory is called
a tag. A tag can be set using a network symbol name or an I/O memory
address.
Tag Sets
When a connection is established, from 1 to 8 tags (including PLC status) is
configured as a tag set. Each tag set represents the data that is linked for a
tag data link connection. Tag data links are thus created by connecting one
tag set to another tag set. A tag set name must be set for each tag set. Data is
exchanged in the order that the tags are registered in the tag sets. The order
of registration of the tags in the input tag sets and output tag sets must therefore be aligned.
Note
Example
120
A connection is used to exchange data as a unit within which data concurrency is maintained. Thus, data concurrency is maintained for all the data
exchanged for the tags in one data set.
In the following example, input tags a to g at the originator are a tag set
named SP1_IN and output tags i and ii are a tag set named SP1_OUT). A
connection is set between these two tag sets.
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
Target device
Originator device
IP address: #
Connection Information
· Target IP address: #
· Originator tag set: SP1_IN
· Target tag set: SP1_OUT
· Packet interval (RPI)
Tag Set (Output Tags)
Tag Set (Input Tags)
Tag set name: SP1_IN
Tag set name: SP1_OUT
PLC status
PLC status
Tag a
Tag i
Connection
Tag ii
Tag b
Tag c
Tag g
EtherNet/IP
There are both input and output tag sets. Each tag set can contain only input
tags or only output tags. The same input tag cannot be included in more than
one input tag set.
Number of Tags in Tag
Sets
Each tag set can contain one or more tags.
■
Tag Sets with Only One Tag
With basic Network Configurator procedures, each tag set contains only one
tag.
CPU Unit
I/O memory
CPU Unit
Tag set SP1_IN
(tag a)
Tag set SP1_OUT
(tag c)
I/O memory
Connection
One tag each
(Each tag is set using a text
string of the network symbol
or I/O memory address.)
c
a
Tag set SP2_OUT
(tag b)
Tag set SP2_IN
(tag d)
Connection
d
b
EtherNet/IP
■
Tag Sets with Multiple Tags
As shown below, tags can be created in groups. Each tag set can contain up
to 8 tags totaling 640 words for the CJ2M-EIP21 (20 words for unit version
2.0) or 722 words for other CPU Units.
121
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
CPU Unit
I/O memory
One tag each
(Each tag is set using a text
string of the network symbol
or I/O memory address.)
CPU Unit
Tag set SP1_IN
(group of tags a, b, and c)
Tag set SP1_OUT
I/O memory
a
f
b
g
c
d
h
Tag set SP2_OUT
(group of tags d, e)
Tag set SP2_IN
Connection
i
e
j
EtherNet/IP
Note
Specifications
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
[email protected]@-EIP
Total size of all tags ≤
184,832 words
The I/O memory words used in tags in a tag set do not have continuous
addresses. The tags can also be from different I/O memory areas. To enable a
connection, however, each tag set must include only input tags or only output
tags. (Both input and output tags cannot be included in the same tag set.)
The following table shows the tag and tag set specifications.
Tags
[email protected]
Total size of all tags ≤ 640
words
Maximum size of 1 tag ≤ 722
words
(The maximum size is 721
words when the tag set
includes the PLC status.)
Tag sets
CS1W-EIP21
[email protected]
CJ1W-EIP21
[email protected]@-EIP
Maximum size of 1 tag set ≤ Maximum size of 1 tag set ≤
722 words
640 words*1
(The maximum size is 721
(The maximum size is 639
words when the tag set
words when the tag set
includes the PLC status.)
includes the PLC status.)*2
Maximum size of 1 tag ≤ 640 Number of tags per tag set ≤ 8
(7 tags/tag set when the tag set includes the PLC status)
words*1
Note Input and output variables cannot be combined.
(The maximum size is 639
words when the tag set
includes the PLC status.)*2
Number of registrable tags ≤ Number of registrable tags ≤ Number of registrable tag
256
32
sets ≤ 256
Number of registrable tag
sets ≤ 32
*1 Unit version 2.0: 20 words maximum.
*2 Unit version 2.0: 19 words maximum.
Note
Tag sizes can be set to odd numbers of bytes for any EtherNet/IP Units (or
built-in EtherNet I/O ports) that were manufactured in October 2012 or later.
However, the following precautions must be observed.
• I/O memory is consumed in units of words. Be sure that sufficient memory
space is allocated.
• If you use variables to specify tags, specify any tag size with an odd number of bytes in bytes on the Network Configurator and then define the variable with a data size that is one byte larger as the size on the CXProgrammer.
• Do not use any EtherNet/IP Units (or built-in EtherNet/IP ports) that do not
support tag sizes with an odd number of bytes.
122
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
PLC Status
A characteristic function of the CS1W-EIP21 and CJ1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP
Units and CJ2 built-in EtherNet/IP ports is the ability to specify the PLC status
as a member of the tag set. This function reads the operating status (operating and error status) of the CPU Unit of the PLC in which the EtherNet/IP Unit
is mounted, and includes the PLC status as status flags in the data transferred by the tag data links.
When the PLC status is specified as an output (produce) tag, it is actually
transferred as the tag set’s leading data in the following format.
15
14
13
12
11
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
8
0
0
7
0
6
5
0
0
4
0
3
0
2
1
0
0
PLC Operating Flag
PLC Error Flag
To receive the PLC status, specify the PLC status in an input (consume) tag in
the reception tag set as well. When the PLC status is specified in an input tag,
the PLC status flags will be reflected in the corresponding location in the tag
data link’s Target Node PLC Operating Flags and Target Node PLC Error
Flags. The following example shows the relationship between the Target Node
PLC Operating Flag location and target ID of the target node with
192.168.250.2.
IP address = 192.168.250.2 → (Last byte = 2) → Target ID = #002
Target Node PLC Operating Flags:
15
n+2
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+4
15 14 13 12 11 10 9
8 7 6
5
4
3
2 1
0
31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16
47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
n+5
63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48
n+3
CPU Unit
PLC status
I/O memory
a
CPU Unit
PLC status (when included)
Output tag set
PLC status
Input tag set
Connection
PLC status (when included)
I/O memory
f
b
g
c
h
Target data link status
EtherNet/IP
Note
The target ID may be duplicated depending on the IP addresses of the target
nodes. In this case, it is necessary to change the target ID with the Network
Configurator. For information on how to change the device number, refer to
step 4 under Registering Devices in the Register Device List on page 145.
123
Section 6-1
Overview of Tag Data Links
The following table shows the operation of each the bits when multiple connections are used to communicate with a node, and the PLC status is specified in all of the connections.
Name (allocated area)
Target Node PLC Operating Flag
Information
Layout set to default settings:
Words n+2 to n+5
Layout set to user settings:
Words n+32 to n+47
Note Corresponds to the PLC status’s PLC Operating Flag.
Target Node PLC Error Flag Information
Layout set to default settings:
Words n+6 to n+9
Layout set to user settings:
Words n+48 to n+63
Note Corresponds to the PLC status’s PLC Error Flag.
Normal Target Node Flag Table
Layout set to default settings:
Words n+20 to n+23
Layout set to user settings:
Words n+16 to n+31
Note Does not correspond to the
PLC status.
Note
124
Contents
Each flag indicates the operating status of the
corresponding target node PLC of connections
in which the EtherNet/IP Unit is the originator.
The flag corresponding to the target node’s
target ID will be ON when the PLC Operating
Flags for all connections with that target node
indicate that the PLC is operating.
Each node address’s flag location (i.e., target
ID) can be changed from the Network Configurator.
The PLC status flags are enabled when the
PLC status is included in the communications
data for both the originator and target.
The data in this table is refreshed when necessary.
Each flag indicates the error status (logical OR
of non-fatal and fatal errors) of the corresponding target node PLC of connections in which
the EtherNet/IP Unit is the originator. The flag
corresponding to the target node’s target ID
will be ON if even one error is indicated in any
of the connections with that target node.
Each node address’s flag location (i.e., target
ID) can be changed from the Network Configurator.
The PLC status flags are enabled when the
PLC status is included in the communications
data for both the originator and target.
The data in this table is refreshed when necessary.
Each flag indicates the connection status of
the corresponding target node PLC of connections in which the EtherNet/IP Unit is the originator. The flag corresponding to the target
node’s target ID will be ON when connections
are established for all connections with that
target node indicate that the PLC is operating.
Each node address’s flag location (target ID)
can be changed from the Network Configurator.
The data in this table is refreshed when necessary.
When the PLC status is not selected in the input (consume) tags, the PLC status information (16-bit data) can be used as reception data.
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
6-2
6-2-1
Setting Tag Data Links
Starting the Network Configurator
Procedure
Tag data links are set by using the Network Configurator. Use the following
procedure to start the Network Configurator.
■ Starting from the Windows Start Menu
To start the Network configurator, select OMRON - CX-One - Network Configurator for EtherNet/IP - Network Configurator from the Windows Start
Menu.
■ Starting from the IO Table Dialog Box in CX-Programmer
To start the Network configurator, select the Unit in the PLC IO Table Dialog
Box and select either of the options for Start Special Application from the
pop-up menu. Only operation will be started even if Start with Settings Inherited is selected.
125
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
When the Network Configurator starts, the following window will be displayed.
Main Window
The Main Window consists of a Hardware List and a Network Configuration
Window, as shown in the following diagram.
Hardware List:
Displays the devices that can
be added to the network.
126
Network Configuration Window:
Displays the layout and network
configuration of devices that are set
and monitored.
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
When two or more networks are being managed, a new Network Configuration Window can be added by selecting Network - Add.
To change the name displayed in the Network Tab Page, select Network Property. The name set in the Comment Field of the Network Property Window can be changed.
127
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
6-2-2
Tag Data Link Setting Procedure
The section describes the procedure for setting tag data links (i.e., connection
information).
For data links between PLCs, the connection information is set only in the
originator, i.e., the node that receives data.
1. Creating a Network Configuration
Register all EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports for which connections will
be created in the EtherNet/IP Network Configuration Window. (Refer to 6-2-3 Registering Devices.)
Note If a system has already been installed, connect online to the EtherNet/IP network and upload the network configuration. (Refer to 6-2-11 Uploading Tag
Data Link Parameters.)
↓
2. Creating Connections
Set the connections using one of the following methods.
1) Basic Operation
1-1) Create tags and tag sets for all registered devices (EtherNet/IP Unit or builtin port). (Refer to 6-2-4 Creating Tags and Tag Sets.)
1-2) Create a connection for the originator device (i.e., registered device that
receives data as input data). (Refer to 6-2-5 Connection Settings.)
2) Generating a Connection Using the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool (Refer to 6-2-5
Connection Settings.)
The EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool is used to create data links between PLCs by
specifying I/O memory addresses in the same manner as for Controller Link.
The following functions can be used with Network Configurator version 3.10 or
higher.
3) Creating Connections Using the Wizard (Refer to 6-2-7 Creating Connections
Using the Wizard.)
Create connections between OMRON PLCs following the instructions. Tags and
tag sets must be set for all devices before starting the Wizard. (Refer to Basic
Operation 1-1.)
Note Select Device - Parameters - Wizard from the menus to start operation.
4) Creating Connections by Dragging and Dropping Registered Devices (Refer to 62-8 Creating Connections by Device Dragging and Dropping.)
When a target device is dragged and dropped to the originator device, the Edit
Connection Dialog Box will be displayed, and a connection can be created.
OMRON EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports are the only originator
devices for which connections can be created in this way.
↓
Downloading Tag Data Link Parameters (Refer to 6-2-10 Downloading Tag Data Link
Parameters.)
↓
Check that tag data links are operating correctly by using the indicators on the EtherNet/IP Unit (refer to 14-2 Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting for
Troubleshooting) and the Network Configurator monitor function (refer to 14-1 Checking Status with the Network Configurator).
↓
Check that the output tag data is updated in the input tag by using the CX-Programmer's Watch Window or PLC memory function.
Note Refer to the CX-Programmer Operation Manual (Cat. No. W446) for the operating procedures.
Note
128
The specifications for using tag data links with the CJ2M built-in EtherNet/IP
port on a [email protected] CPU Unit are different from the specifications for EtherNet/IP Units (CJ1W-EIP21 or CS1W-EIP21) and the CJ2H built-in EtherNet/
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
IP port on a [email protected]@-EIP CPU Unit. Make sure you are using the correct specifications for the application.
Refer to 2-1-3 Communications Specifications for the communications specifications.
6-2-3
Registering Devices
Register all of the devices required in the equipment (such as EtherNet/IP
Units performing tag data links) as a network configuration.
1,2,3...
1. Register the devices that will participate in the tag data links by dragging
the devices from the Hardware List and dropping them in the Network Configuration Window. (To drag and drop an icon, click and hold the left mouse
button over the icon, move the icon to the destination, and release the
mouse button.)
The icon will be displayed in the Network Configuration Window, as shown
in the following diagram.
Drag and drop icons from
the Hardware List.
Hardware List
Note
Name in hardware list
CJ2B-EIP21
CIP revision
Rev. 2 or 3
CJ2M-EIP21
Rev. 2
CJ1W-EIP21
Rev. 1, 2 or 3
CS1W-EIP21
Rev. 1, 2 or 3
CJ1W-EIP21 (CJ2)
Rev. 2 or 3
EtherNet/IP Unit
Built-in EtherNet/IP port on CJ2H
CPU Unit ([email protected]@-EIP)
Built-in EtherNet/IP port on CJ2M
CPU Unit ([email protected])
CJ1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Unit
connected to CJ1 CPU Unit
CS1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Unit
connected to CJ1 CPU Unit
CJ1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Unit
connected to CJ2 CPU Unit
(1) The following table shows the relation between the CIP revision and the
unit version.
129
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21, and [email protected]@-EIP
Unit version
Ver. 1.0
Ver. 2.0
Ver. 2.1
Ver. 3.0
CIP revision
Revision 1.01
Revision 2.01 to 2.03
Revision 2.04 or 2.05
Revision 3.01
[email protected]
Unit version
Ver. 2.0
Ver. 2.1
CIP revision
Revision 2.01
Revision 2.02 or 2.03
(2) When mounting the CJ1W-EIP21 to a CJ2 CPU Unit, select CJ1W-EIP21
(CJ2) from the Hardware List.
2. Click the right mouse button over the registered device’s icon to display the
pop-up menu, and select Change Node Address.
3. Set the IP address to match the node address (IP address) actually being
used in the device.
4. Repeat steps 1 to 3, and register all of the devices participating in the tag
data links.
6-2-4
Creating Tags and Tag Sets
Specifying I/O
Memory Addresses
The tag sets and set member tags required to create connections for a registered EtherNet/IP Unit must be created. The I/O memory addresses or network symbols that are used in the control programs can be set for the tags.
(Using network symbols is supported only by the [email protected] and
[email protected]) This section first describes the basic procedure for creating
tags and tag sets for using the Network Configurator's device parameter editing function.
1. Creating Tags and Tag Sets Using the Network Configurator's Device Parameter Editing Function
Next, the following two procedures, which can be used to effectively use network symbols in tags, are described.
2. Importing Network Symbols Created with the CX-Programmer to the Network Configurator
130
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
3. Importing Network Symbols That Were Registered to Tags with the Network Configurator to the CX-Programmer
1. Creating Tags and Tag Sets Using the Network Configurator's Device Parameter
Editing Function
Note
The network symbols described in this section can be used only if you are
using a [email protected] or [email protected] CPU Unit.
1,2,3...
1. Double-click the icon of the device (for which a tag set is being created) to
display the Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box. Right-click the icon to display the pop-up menu, and select Parameter - Edit.
Creating a Tag Set
2. Click the Tag Sets Tab at the top of the Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box.
There are two kinds of tag sets: input (consume) and output (produce).
131
Setting Tag Data Links
Creating and Adding Tags
Section 6-2
3. Click the Edit Tags Button. The Edit Tags Dialog Box will be displayed.
Register the input (consume) tags and output (produce) tags separately.
4. Click the In - Consume Tab, and click the New Button. The Edit Tag Dialog
Box will be displayed.
132
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
5. In the Name Field, enter the character string for the CPU Unit's I/O memory
address or a network symbol (e.g., 100, W100, D0, Input_signal).
Addresses in the following I/O memory areas can be set.
Bank 18
hex
···
Address (Text to input in Name Field.)
0000 to 6143
H000 to H511
W000 to W511
D00000 to D32767
E0_00000 to E0_32767
···
CPU Unit’s data area
CIO Area
Holding Area
Work Area
DM Area
EM Area
Bank 0 hex
E18_00000 to E18_32767
Note (a) The H, W, D, and E characters can also be input in lower case as
h, w, d, and e.
(b) Be sure to directly enter the CPU Unit's I/O memory address
(e.g., 100, W100, D0) or a network symbol as a character string.
6. Input the size of the tag in the Size Field, in bytes.
7. Click the Regist Button to register the tag.
If an I/O memory address is specified for a tag name, the Edit Tags Dialog
Box will be displayed with the next consecutive address as the tag name
for editing the next tag. Once you have registered the tags, click the Cancel
Button.
8. Click the Out - Produce Tab, and click the New Button. The Edit Tag Dialog
Box will be displayed, like the dialog box for input tags, except for the Over
Load setting. The Over Load setting determines whether outputs are
cleared or continue their previous status when outputs are turned OFF with
the PLC’s Output OFF function. Output inhibit settings are not required for
input (reception) tag sets.
• Follow the output inhibit function: Enabled (default)
Output data is cleared to 0 when a PLC output inhibit occurs.
• Do not follow the output inhibit function: Disabled
Output data maintains its previous status even after a PLC output inhibit occurs.
133
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Select Disable or Enable.
Note
When any of the following errors occurs in the originator PLC while tag data
links are in progress, the connection will be forcibly disconnected.
• Fatal CPU Unit error
• I/O refreshing error
• CPU Unit WDT error
• I/O bus error
9. When you are finished registering the required tags, click the OK Button at
the bottom of the Edit Tags Dialog Box.
10. At this point, a confirmation dialog box will be displayed to check whether
the registered tag names will registered without changes as tag sets. A tag
set can contain up to 8 tags, but tag sets will be registered with one tag per
tag set if the tags are registered as tag sets. In this case, the Yes Button is
clicked to register one tag per tag set.
134
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
If the No Button is clicked, more tags can be registered at the end of the
tag set. Refer to step 18 for details on adding tags to the end of the tag set.
Changing and Registering
Tag Sets
11. The following dialog box will be displayed when the tags in the Edit Tags
Dialog Box are registered directly as tag sets.
12. If an input tag has already been registered in an input tag set, and you want
to change its registration to a different input tag set, it is necessary to delete the tag from the tag set in which it was originally registered.
135
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Open the Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box, select the tag set containing
the tag that you want to delete, and click the Delete Button in the Edit Tag
Dialog Box. (If there are other tags registered in that tag set, it is possible
to delete just one tag by selecting the tag that you want to delete in the Edit
Tag Set Dialog Box and clicking the
Button.)
At this point, a confirmation dialog box will be displayed to confirm that you
want to delete the selected tag set and the tags contained in that tag set.
If the No Button is clicked, only the tag set will be deleted. Click the No Button.
136
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
13. In order to edit a registered tag set and add tags, either double-click the tag
set, or select the tag set and click the Edit Button. The Edit Tag Set Dialog
Box will be displayed.
The Tag List on the left side of the dialog box shows the tags that are already registered, and the Candidate Tag List on the right side of the dialog
box shows the other tags that have not been registered yet. To add a tag,
select it in the Candidate Tag List and click the
Button.
14. When the PLC status is being included in the tag set, select the Include
Option at the upper-right corner of the dialog box.
15. If you want to change the tag set’s name, it can be changed in this dialog
box.
16. To save the changes, click the OK Button at the bottom of the Edit Tag Set
Dialog Box.
17. Click the OK Button at the bottom of the Edit Device Parameters Dialog
Box.
137
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
18. If you want to just add new tags and register the tag set, first register the
tags with steps 1 to 9. In this example, input tags D00004 and D00005
have been newly added.
19. When you are finished registering the required tags, click the OK Button at
the bottom of the Edit Tags Dialog Box.
20. At this point, a confirmation dialog box will be displayed to check whether
the registered tag names will be registered without changes as tag sets.
Tags are just being added in this case, so click the No Button. Just the tags
will be registered, without registering the tags as tag sets.
138
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
21. To register the newly added tags in a tag set, either double-click the desired tag set, or select the tag set and click the Edit Button.
The Tag List on the left side of the dialog box shows the tags that are already registered, and the Candidate Tag List on the right side of the dialog
box shows the other tags that have not been registered yet.
22. Select the tags that you want to add from the Candidate Tag List and click
the
Button.
Up to 8 tags can be registered in a tag set, or up to 7 tags can be registered
and two byes will be added to the size if the PLC status is included in the
tag set.
23. To confirm the changes, click the OK Button at the bottom of the Edit Tag
Set Dialog Box.
24. Click the OK Button at the bottom of the Edit Device Parameters Dialog
Box.
139
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
2. Importing Network Symbols Created with the CX-Programmer to the Network
Configurator
If the [email protected] or [email protected] is used, you can create network
symbols using the CX-Programmer, import them into the Network Configurator, and then create tags and tag sets. Use the following procedure.
Creating Global Symbols
Create global symbol with the Global Symbol Editor of the CX-Programmer
and select Input or Output for the network variable properties. Safe the project
when you are finished.
Any global symbols with Input or Output set for the network variable property
will be imported when the import procedure is performed from the Edit Device
Parameters Dialog Box.
Importing Symbols to the
Network Configurator
1,2,3...
Note
1. Start the CX-Programmer and open the project that was saved.
When multiple copies of the CX-Programmer are running at the same time, it
is possible to import only from the CX-Programmer project that was started
first. If the global symbols that are to be imported are stored in multiple CXProgrammer project files, the projects must be started one by one to import
the symbols.
2. From the devices registered in the Network Configurator, double-click the
icon of the device for which to import the network symbols. The Edit Device
Parameter Dialog Box will be displayed. You can also right-click the icon
and select Device - Parameters - Edit from the pop-up menu.
3. Click the Import Button on the Tag Sets Tab Page of the Edit Device Parameter Dialog Box.
140
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
A confirmation message will be displayed. Click the Yes Button.
The symbols will be imported as shown below on the Tag Sets Tab Page.
Each symbol will be imported into a different tag set and the device parameters will be automatically edited. (The symbol name will be used for the
tag set name.)
141
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
To place more than one input symbol (input tag) imported from the CXProgrammer into one tag set, you must delete the input tags that were registered to separate input tag sets.
Select the tag sets for the symbols that are included in the one tag set and
click the Delete Button. A confirmation message will be displayed. Click
the No Button to delete only the tag sets.
To create a new tag set for more than one tag, click the New Button. To
place more than one tag in an existing tag set, double-click the tab set, or
select it and click the Edit Button.
The Edit Tag Set Dialog Box will be displayed. Imported tags that are not
registered in another tag set will be displayed in the Candidate Tag List
Area on the right. Click the Right Arrow Button to add tags individually.
142
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
4. You can change tag set names in this dialog box. To confirm a change, click
the OK Button in the dialog box.
5. Perform steps 1 to 3 for all the devices that will perform tag data links.
3. Importing Network Symbols That Were Registered to Tags with the Network
Configurator to the CX-Programmer
If the [email protected] or [email protected] is used, you can specify network
symbols for tags using the Network Configurator. The procedure to import network symbols that were created using the Network Configurator into the CXProgrammer is described below.
Exporting Tags and Tag Sets with the Network Configurator
1,2,3...
1. Select To/From File - Export to file on the Tag Sets Tab Page in the Edit
Device Parameters Dialog Box to export the tag and tag set information to
a CSV file.
143
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Importing the Tag and Tag Set CSV File with the CX-Programmer
1,2,3...
1. In the project global symbol table for the [email protected] or [email protected], right-click and select Import Network Variable from the pop-up
menu.
2. You can add a tag as a network symbol by selecting and executing the CSV
file exported using the Network Configurator.
Note
The following precautions apply when importing.
• Tags that have a specified I/O memory address cannot be imported.
• Tags are imported as network symbols in a one-dimensional WORD
array. To change the data type, use the Symbol Editor of the CX-Programmer.
144
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
6-2-5
Connection Settings
After creating the tag sets, click the Connections Tab at the top of the Edit
Device Parameters Dialog Box, and set the following connection information.
• The target devices with which connections will be opened
• Whether the tag sets are input or output tag sets
• The length of the packet intervals (RPI)
Make the Connections settings in the originator only. The Connections settings are not necessary in the target device.
Note
Make the Connections settings after creating tag sets for all of the devices
involved in tag data links.
Connection Settings (Connections Tab)
Registering Devices in the Register Device List
1,2,3...
1. Display the originator device’s Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box by double-clicking the device’s icon in the Network Configuration Window, or
right-clicking the device’s icon and selecting Parameter - Edit from the
pop-up menu.
2. Click the Connections Tab at the top of the Edit Device Parameters Dialog
Box. All of the devices registered in the network (except the local node) will
be displayed.
145
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
3. In the Unregister Device List, select the target device that requires connection settings by clicking the device so its color changes to gray, and click
the
Button. The selected target device will be displayed in the Register Device List, as shown in the following diagram.
4. Target node IDs are assigned to devices registered in the Register Device
List. This target node ID determines the location in the originator node PLC
of the Target Node PLC Operating Flag, Target Node PLC Error Flag, Registered Target Node Flag, and Normal Target Node Flag. By default, the
target ID is automatically set to the rightmost 8 bits of the IP address. In
the example above, the target device’s IP address is 192.168.250.2, so the
device number is #002. If a target node ID is duplicated and you want to
change the device number, click the Change Target Node ID Button and
change the target ID.
Editing Settings for
Individual Connections
Note
146
You can edit each connection separately.
Refer to the following page for information on how to perform batch editing in
a table format.
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
1,2,3...
1. Select the Connection Tab and then click the New Button.
The following Edit Connection Dialog Box will be displayed according to the
type of device that is selected.
Using an OMRON EtherNet/IP Unit or Built-in EtherNet/IP Port as the
Target
Using Other EtherNet/IP Devices as the Target
147
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
The settings are as follows:
Item
Description
Connection I/O Type When creating tag data links for a CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
CJ2B-EIP21, or CJ2M-EIP21, select Input Only (Tag Type).
When creating tag data links for other target devices, select
the connection I/O type specified in that device’s EDS file.
Use the Input Only (ID type) setting when another company's
node is the originator and does not support connection settings with a Tag type setting.
Connection Type
Selects whether the data is sent in multicast or unicast (pointto-point). The default setting is multicast.
• Multicast connection
Select this type when the same data is shared by multiple
nodes. This setting is usually used.
• Point-to-Point connection
Select this type when the same data is not shared by multiple
nodes. In a unicast connection, other nodes are not burdened with an unnecessary load.
Note Refer to 6-1-2 Overview of Operation for details on
using multicast and unicast connection as well as counting the number of connections.
The Connection Structure Field and the following items will not be displayed if the
Hide Detail Button is pressed.
Packet Interval (RPI) Sets the data update cycle (i.e., the packet interval) of each
connection between the originator and target. The interval can
be set to between 1 and 10,000 ms for the CJ2M-EIP21 and
0.5 and 10,000 ms for other CPU Units in 0.5-ms increments.
The default setting is 50 ms (i.e., data updated once every
50 ms).
Timeout Value
Sets the time until a connection times out. The timeout value is
set as a multiple of the packet interval (RPI) and can be set to
4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512 times the packet interval. The
default setting is 4 times the packet interval (RPI).
Connection Name
Sets a name for the connection. (32 characters max.)
2. When the settings have been completed, press the Regist Button.
Connections Settings
(Editing All Connections)
1,2,3...
148
The connection settings between the originator and all of the target devices
selected in the Register Device List can be edited together in a table.
1. Select the Connections Tab, and click the Edit All Button. The following
Edit All Connections Dialog Box will be displayed.
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
The following table describes the various settings in the dialog box.
Setting
Target Device
Connection
Name
Connection I/O
Type
In/Out
Target Variable
Originator Variable
Connection
Type
RPI
Timeout Value
Function
Selects the target device.
Any name can be given to the connection (up to 32 characters).
If this field is left blank, a default name will be assigned.
This Connection Name can be used for comments.
When making tag data links in a CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
CJ2B-EIP21, or CJ2M-EIP21, select Input Only (Tag type).
When making tag data links in other devices, select the connection I/O type specified in that device’s EDS file.
Use the Input Only (ID type) setting when another company’s
node is the originator and does not support connection settings with the Tag type setting.
The connections I/O is automatically displayed based on the
selected connection.
• Input Only: Just In is displayed.
Selects and allocates the target node’s tag set.
• In: Selects the target’s output (produce) tag set.
• Out: Selects the target’s input (consume) tag set.
Selects and allocates the originator node’s tag set.
• In: Selects the originator’s output (produce) tag set.
• Out: Selects the originator’s input (consume) tag set.
Selects whether the data is sent in a multicast or unicast. The
default setting is multicast.
• Multicast connection:
Select when the same data is shared by multiple nodes. This
setting is usually selected.
• Point-to-Point connection:
Select when the same data is not being shared by multiple
nodes. In a unicast transmission, other nodes are not burdened with an unnecessary load.
Note Refer to 6-1-2 Overview of Operation for details on
using multicast and unicast transmissions, and counting
the number of connections.
Sets the packet interval (RPI) of each connection between the
originator and target. The interval can be set between 1 and
10,000 ms for the CJ2M-EIP21 and 0.5 and 10,000 ms for
other CPU Units in 0.5-ms units. The default setting is 50 ms
(data refreshed once every 50 ms).
Sets the time until a connection timeout is detected. The time
out value is set as a multiple of the packet interval (RPI) and
can be set to a 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512 multiple. The
default setting is 4× the packet interval (RPI).
2. When the settings are completed, click the OK Button.
149
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Confirming the
Connections Settings
1,2,3...
1. An overview of the connections set in the Register Device List is displayed
in the Connections Tab Page.
2. Click the OK Button. The following kind of diagram will be displayed.
Indicates the IP address of the
originator where the connection
was set.
3. Repeat the Connections setting procedure until all of the connections have
been set.
Note
150
After completing the settings, always click the OK Button before
closing the Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box and performing another operation. If the Cancel Button is clicked and the dialog box
is closed, the new settings will be discarded.
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
4. If the tag set’s size is changed in either the originator or target after the
connection was set, the size will not match the other node and a parameter
data mismatch will occur. In this case, if the connection settings have been
changed, be sure to check the connections. (Refer to 6-2-17 Checking
Connections.)
Automatically Setting
Connections
Tag set names set for devices can be automatically detected to automatically
set connections between input and output tag sets with the same name (or
the same names excluding specified ellipses). Connections are automatically
set under the following conditions.
Output tag set names
Except for specified ellipses, the output tag set name
must be the same as the input tag set name.
Ellipses can be set for the beginning or end of tag set
names.
Except for specified ellipses, the input tag set name
must be the same as the output tag set name.
Ellipses can be set for the beginning or end of tag set
names.
The connection type must be Input Only.
Multicast and single cast connection types can be
specified when executing a connection.
The default setting is used.
The default setting is used.
Input tag set names
Connection types
RPI
Timeouts
Example 1: Automatic Connections with the Same Tag Set Names
The following connections would automatically be set if there is an output tag
set named A_Signal at node A and input tag sets named A_Signal at nodes B
and C.
Node A
Output tag set: A_Signal
Excluded characters: None
Connection
Node B
Input tag set: A_Signal
Node C
Input tag set: A_Signal
Connection
EtherNet/IP
151
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Example 2: Automatic Connections with the Ellipses
The following connections would automatically be set if there is an output tag
set named O_Signal at node A and input tag sets named I_Signal at nodes B
and C, and “O_” and “I_” were set as ellipses.
Node A
Output tag set: O_Signal
Excluded characters: O_ and I_
Connection
Node B
Input tag set: I_Signal
Node C
Input tag set: I_Signal
Connection
EtherNet/IP
1,2,3...
1. Set the same tag set names for the output and input tag sets for the connection. The tag set names can also include forward and backward ellipses.
2. Select Auto Connection from the Network Menu. The connections will be
set automatically.
A dialog box will appear to set forward and backward ellipses for both output (product) and input (consume) tag sets as soon as automatic connection setting processing has begun.
Input the ellipses and click the OK Button. Automatic setting will be processed.
3. If there are tag sets that meet the conditions for automatic connection setting, they will be displayed.
152
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Click the OK Button to start processing.
4. A device connection structure tree will be displayed when processing has
been completed.
5. Use the device connection structure tree as required to change the RPI
and timeout settings.
Device Connection
Structure Tree
Connection settings can be displayed on the network configuration. Select
View Device’s Connection Structure Tree from the Network Menu.
153
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
• The Display the detail of Connection Check Box can be used to switch
between device-level and connection-level displays of tag data link communications.
• An asterisk will be displayed after the device name of the originator set for
the connection.
• The Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box can be displayed by selecting a
connection and clicking the Edit Button. The connections can be edited in
this dialog box.
6-2-6
Setting Tags Using Data Link Tool
Using the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool enables easily setting data links similar to
those for the Controller Link by using only I/O memory addresses. This
method has the following restrictions.
• Settings can be made only for tag data links between OMRON EtherNet/
IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports.
• Tags must be set using I/O memory addresses.
• A maximum of two tags (area 1 and area 2) can be set in one tag set.
Select Network - EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool from the menus in the Network
Configurator after you have registered all the devices to start the EtherNet/IP
Datalink Tool.
154
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Node List
The following items will be displayed in the Node Area on the left side of the
window.
• IP Address: The IP address of the node.
• Device: The name (model number) of the device at the node.
Note
Data Link Table
Information
The node list will display the node registered in the Network Configurator.
Nodes cannot be added or deleted from this window.
The data link table of the node selected on the left will be displayed on the
right. Each row specifies word that are allocated for data links for that node.
Each row specifies the node settings for the words (area) where a data link
has been created. You can set only area 1 or both area 1 and area 2.
• IN/OUT: Specifies whether the link inputs data to the node or outputs data
from the node. OUT can be selected only once. Once OUT has been
selected for one row, IN will automatically be selected for other rows. A
asterisk will be displayed if the Over Load function is disabled. (See note.)
Note
The Over Load function is used to clear output data when all outputs are turned OFF from the CPU Unit of the PLC. This setting is
not necessary for inputs.
(a) Over Load function enabled: Output data will be cleared to all zeros when all outputs from the PLC are turned OFF from the CPU
Unit.
(b) Over Load function disabled: Output data will be maintained even
when all outputs from the PLC are turned OFF from the CPU Unit.
• Area 1, Link CH: The I/O memory address of the first word in link area 1
• Area 1, Size: The number of words in link area 1. (See note.)
• Area 2, Link CH: The I/O memory address of the first word in link area 2
• Area 2, Size: The number of words in link area 2. (See note.)
Note
With the Network Configurator, the PLC status will be shown at the
beginning of each area. The PLC status includes the CPU Unit operating status (operating information and error information).
155
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
• Tag Set Name: If the Wizard is used, the names will be automatically
assigned using consecutive IP addresses in the following form for both
input and output tags: TagSet1_192168.250.1. There is no reason to be
concerned with these names. If the Wizard is not used, then names will
not be automatically assigned and they must be entered directly into the
data link table.
• Total Size: The total number of words in areas 1 and 2.
If PLC status is included, the displayed value will be incremented by 1
word (Network Configurator 1.21 or higher). This value is automatically
displayed after the sizes of areas 1 and 2 are entered.
• Node: For an input tag, this is the IP address of the node that provides the
output. For an output tag, “-” will be entered automatically.
• Target Variable: The target tag set name. For an input tag, this is the
name of the target set that provides the output. For an output tag, “-” will
be entered automatically.
• RPI (ms): The requested packet interval for an input tag. For an output
tag, “-” will be entered automatically.
Setting Procedure
The setting procedure is described here along with setting examples.
■
Setting Example A
Area 1 memory area = Work Area (W)
Area 1 start address = 0
Area 1 size = 50 words
Area 2 memory area = DM Area (D)
Area 2 start address = 50
Area 2 size = 100 words
■
Allocations
Node 1
(IP address: 192.168.250.1)
Node 2
(IP address: 192.168.250.2)
Node 3
(IP address: 192.168.250.3)
EtherNet/IP
Area 1
W0
50 words
#1
W50
50 words
#2
#2
#2
W100
50 words
#3
#3
#3
D50
100 words
#1
D150
100 words
#2
#2
#2
D250
100 words
#3
#3
#3
W0
#1
W0
#1
Area 2
1,2,3...
156
D50
#1
D50
#1
1. Select Wizard from the Data Link Menu. The Datalink Wizard Dialog Box
will be displayed.
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
2. Select the memory area (here, W) in the Memory Field and enter the starting address (here, 0) and number of words (here, 50) in the Start Address
and Size Fields for Area 1.
3. Select the memory area (here, D) in the Memory Field and enter the starting address (here, 50) and number of words (here, 100) in the Start Address and Size Fields for Area 2.
4. Select the Enable Over Load Check Box if the Over Load function is necessary.
5. Click the OK Button. The following dialog box will be displayed.
Click the Yes Button to continue creating the data link table, or click the No
Button to cancel the operation.
157
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
If the creating the data link table is continued, the data link table will be created with the same size of data link for all registered nodes. Examples are
shown below.
Automatic Allocation Results for Node 1 (IP Address: 192.168.250.1)
Automatic Allocation Results for Node 2 (IP Address: 192.168.250.2)
158
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Automatic Allocation Results for Node 3 (IP Address: 192.168.250.3)
6. After entering all of the settings in the data link table, select Save from the
File Menu. A consistency check will be performed on the table and the results will be displayed.
a. Table Inconsistencies
The following Check Result Dialog Box will be displayed. Correct the data
link table according to the displayed information.
To save the check results, click the Copy To Clipboard Button and paste
the results to other file, such as the text pad.
Click the OK Button. The following message will be displayed. Click the OK
Button again to return to the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool Window.
159
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
b.
No Table Inconsistencies
The following message will be displayed. Click the OK Button.
7. Select Exit from the File Menu. The EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool will be exited
and you’ll return to the Network Configurator.
8. Returning to the Network Configurator
Click the icon for each device and check the settings made with the EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool in the Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box.
6-2-7
Creating Connections Using the Wizard
You can use the Network Configurator's Wizard to easily create connections
between OMRON PLCs following the instructions provided by the Wizard.
Network Configurator version 3.10 or higher is required to use the Wizard.
Note
The Wizard can be used only with the following OMRON EtherNet/IP devices.
Device name
CJ1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21(CJ2)
CJ2B-EIP21
CJ2M-EIP21
CS1W-EIP21
Remarks
CJ1W-EIP21 mounted to CJ1 CPU Unit
CJ1W-EIP21 mounted to CJ2 CPU Unit
Built-in EtherNet/IP port in CJ2H CPU Unit
Built-in EtherNet/IP port in CJ2M CPU Unit
CJ1W-EIP21 mounted to CS1 CPU Unit
Use the following procedure to create connections (i.e., data links) with the
Wizard.
1,2,3...
1. Set tags and tag sets for all devices before starting the Wizard. Refer to 62-4 Creating Tags and Tag Sets for the setting procedure.
2. For tag data links between OMRON PLCs, a connection is created in the
PLC (i.e., the originator device) that receives data as input data.
First, select the registered device for which you want to create a connection in the Network Configuration Window of the Network Configurator, and
then select Device - Parameters - Wizard from the menus.
160
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
The following dialog box will be displayed before the Wizard starts.
Click the Yes Button to delete the connections that have been set with
OMRON PLCs before starting the Wizard.
3. Create the connection following the instructions that are given by the Wizard after the Wizard starts. (See the following figure.)
4. A list of tag sets is displayed on the right side of the Wizard Dialog Box with
target devices that support receiving input data.
Select the tag sets that you want to receive at the originator device.
The following tables describes the meanings of the icons and check marks
displayed in the tag set list.
Icon
Note
Display position
Status
All
All output tag sets for all devices are selected.
Device
All output tag sets for the applicable device are
selected.
Tag set
The applicable output tag sets are selected. These
are the tag sets that will be set in the connection.
All
All or some output tag sets for some devices are
selected.
Device
Some output tag sets for applicable devices are
selected.
All
All output tag sets for all devices are not selected.
Device
All output tag sets for applicable devices are not
selected.
Tag set
The applicable output tag sets are not selected.
The connections for this tag set will be deleted.
Device
No applicable tag sets.
Tag sets that are used in connections that are already set are not displayed.
161
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
The following display will appear when you click the Show Detail Button.
The specified values for detailed parameters will be displayed. Change the
values as required. The connection name cannot be set. They are automatically created using the following rule.
default_N (where N is a 3-digit number (001, 002, etc.) starting from 1)
5. Click the Next Button to switch to the table in the following Wizard Dialog
Box. Follow the instructions to select and input from the list box the input
tag set of the originator device that receives the output tag set of the target
device.
• The blank area in the Input Tag Set Column is the connection that you are
creating.
• The rows in which there are input tag sets are connections that are
already set.
• To prevent duplicate settings, input tag sets that have been used are not
displayed in the list box for input tag sets.
• If there is no applicable input tag set, you can edit a tag set or create a
new one by using the Edit Tag Sets Button and Edit Tag Button.
6. Once the input tag set settings have been completed, click the Finish Button. You can check the set connection by selecting Network - View Devices Connection Structure Tree from the menus.
• The Wizard can be ended even if the input tag set includes a blank row. In
that case, a connection is not created for the blank row.
• You can delete a connection by deleting the input tag sets that were previously set.
162
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
6-2-8
Creating Connections by Device Dragging and Dropping
You can create a connection to the originator by dragging a target device and
dropping it at the originator device. Network Configurator version 3.10 or
higher is required to drag and drop devices to make connections.
Example:
Drag the target device at 192.168.250.1 and drop it at the originator device at 192.168.250.100.
Drag & Drop
Note
The EtherNet/IP originator device (i.e., a device in which connections can be
set) must be one of the following OMRON EtherNet/IP devices.
Device name
CJ1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21(CJ2)
CJ2B-EIP21
CJ2M-EIP21
CS1W-EIP21
Remarks
CJ1W-EIP21 mounted to CJ1 CPU Unit
CJ1W-EIP21 mounted to CJ2 CPU Unit
Built-in EtherNet/IP port in CJ2H CPU Unit
Built-in EtherNet/IP port in CJ2M CPU Unit
CJ1W-EIP21 mounted to CS1 CPU Unit
Use the following procedure to create connections (i.e., data links) by dragging and dropping devices.
1,2,3...
1. Set the tags and tag sets for the target device that will be dragged.
a. Refer to 6-2-4 Creating Tags and Tag Sets for information on creating
the settings if the target is one of the OMRON EtherNet/IP devices given above.
b.
If the target is another EtherNet/IP device, refer to the manual of that
device and perform settings as required.
2. A dialog box as in the following figure for connection allocation will be displayed when you drag the target device and drop it at the OMRON EtherNet/IP device.
a. Using One of the Above OMRON EtherNet/IP Devices As Target
Select the output tag set from Target Device Area on the right side of
the Edit Connection Dialog Box, and then select the input tag set to receive the output tag set in the Originator Device Area on the left.
163
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
• If there is no applicable input tag set at the originator, you can create
a new one by using the Edit Tag Sets Button and Edit Tag Button.
b.
Using Other EtherNet/IP Devices as Target
The connection I/O type list box in the upper part of the Connection
Settings Dialog Box displays the connection I/O types that can be selected. Select the connection I/O type according to your application.
• The connection I/O types that can be selected depend on the target
device.
• Items that can be selected will depend on the connection I/O type that
is selected.
• Select the output, input, or both output and input tag sets at the target
and specify the corresponding input, output, or both input and output
tag sets at the originator.
• If there is no applicable tag set at the originator, you can create a new
one by using the Edit Tag Sets Button and Edit Tag Button.
The following display will appear when you click the Show Detail Button.
The specified values for detailed parameters will be displayed. Change
the values as required. Connection names are automatically created
using the following rule.
default_N (where N is a 3-digit number (001, 002, etc.) starting from 1)
164
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Note
The following dialog box will be displayed if a target device that does not have
I/O data is dropped.
Before dropping again, refer to the manual of the applicable device and create
the I/O data (i.e., output tag sets) required to create a connection.
3. After you have set all of the connection, click the Regist Button to create
the connection. When creating the connection has been completed, the input tag set and output tag set will be blank. Next, you can continue to create connections by selecting the connection I/O type and setting a tag set.
6-2-9
Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network
This section explains how to connect the Network Configurator to the network.
Connecting through
Ethernet
Note
The Windows firewall settings must be changed when making this connection
for the first time in Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7. For details on changing
the firewall settings, refer to Appendix G Precautions for Using Windows XP,
Vista, or Windows 7.
Connect to the EtherNet/IP Unit’s Ethernet port via the Ethernet network.
1,2,3...
1. Select Option - Select Interface - Ethernet I/F.
2. Select Network - Connect.
If there are multiple Ethernet interfaces on the computer, the Select Connect Network Port Dialog Box will be displayed. Select the interface that is
to be connected, and press the OK Button.
The following dialog box will be displayed.
3. Click the OK Button. Select the network to be connected.
165
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
The Network Configurator will connect to the EtherNet/IP network. If the
Network Configurator is connected online properly, On-line will be displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the window. The network connection icon will be displayed in blue in the Network Tab Page in which the
Network Configurator is connected.
Network connection icon
The connecting network can be switched by selecting Network - Change
Connect Network.
Connecting through the CPU Unit’s Peripheral or RS-232C Port
Connect to the EtherNet/IP Unit’s Ethernet port via the CPU Unit’s peripheral
port or RS-232C port.
1,2,3...
1. Select Option - Select Interface - CS/CJ1 Serial Port → EIP Unit I/F.
2. Select Network - Connect. The following dialog box will be displayed.
166
Setting Tag Data Links
Section 6-2
3. Input the EtherNet/IP Unit’s unit number in the Unit No. Field, select the
connecting COM port number, and click the OK Button.
Usually, the Baud Rate is left at this setting.
The following dialog box will be displayed.
4. After clicking TCP:2, click the OK Button. The Network Configurator will be
connected to the EtherNet/IP network. If the Network Configurator is connected online properly, On-line will be displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the window.
Connecting through the CPU Unit’s USB or RS-232C Port (CJ2 CPU Units Only)
Connect to the EtherNet/IP Unit’s Ethernet port via the CPU Unit’s USB port
or RS-232C port.
1,2,3...
1. Select Option - Select Interface - CJ2 USB/Serial Port to set the communications interface.
167
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
2. Select Network - Connect. The Setup Interface Dialog Box will be displayed.
3. Set the port type to either USB or serial.
4. Set the port to use and then click the OK Button. (Leave the baud rate at
the default setting.)
The following dialog box will be displayed.
5. Select the Backplane Icon and click the Refresh Button.
The CPU Unit, CPU Bus Units, and Special I/O Units connected in the PLC
will be displayed as shown below.
6. Click the + icon to the left of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
(CJ1W-EIP21(CJ2) or CJ2B-EIP21). The TCP ports on the EtherNet/IP
Unit will be displayed as shown below.
168
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Select the TCP port of the EtherNet/IP Unit.
7. Select the port for the EtherNet/IP Unit and then click the OK Button. The
Network Configurator will be connected to the EtherNet/IP network. If the
Network Configurator goes online normally, “On-line” will be displayed in
the status bar at the bottom of the window.
Connecting to an EtherNet/IP Network via an Ethernet Unit
Note
(1) Windows firewall settings must be changed when this connection is made
for the first time using Windows XP (SP2 or higher), Vista, or Windows 7.
Refer to Appendix G Precautions for Using Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7: Using EtherNet/IP with Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7 for information on how to make the changes.
(2) Use the CX-Integrator to correctly set the FINS routing tables for the CS/
CJ-series CPU Unit that will be the relay node.
Network Configurator on
Windows computer
Ethernet
EtherNet/IP Unit
Ethernet Unit
CS/CJ-series
CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
CS/CJ-series
CJ2 CPU Unit
1,2,3...
1. Select Option - Select Interface - Ethernet → CS/CJ1 ETN-EIP Unit I/F.
169
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
2. Select Network - Connect.
The following Setup Interface Dialog Box will be displayed.
3. Click the Setup Button in the Setup Interface Dialog Box. The Registration
of the connection Dialog Box will be displayed. Enter the network information for the connection destination, and then click the Add Button to register the settings.
The registration information details are as follows:
a. Registration name
Enter any name.
b.
Host (PC) information
Enter information for the computer that has the Network Configurator
installed.
• Network address
Same number as the network address of the Ethernet Unit of the PLC
that will be the relay node.
• Node address
Last value in the computer's IP address (e.g., 1 for 192.168.250.1)
c.
Remote Information - EtherNet/IP Unit
Enter the information for the EtherNet/IP Unit of the PLC that will be
the relay node.
• Network address
Network address set in the routing tables
170
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
• Node address
Last value in the IP address of the Unit above (e.g., 3 for
192.168.251.3)
• Unit number of CPU Bus Unit
Unit number of the Unit above
d. Remote Information - Ethernet Unit
Enter the information for the Ethernet Unit of the PLC that will be the
relay node.
4. Once the settings have been registered, the Setup Interface Dialog Box will
be displayed again. Check the registered information that has been entered, and then click the OK Button.
5. The following dialog box will be displayed. Select TCP:2, which represents
the EtherNet/IP port, and then click the OK Button.
The Network Configurator will connect to the EtherNet/IP network, and
“On-line” will be displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the window
when connection has been properly made online.
Note
A list of nodes on the EtherNet/IP network you are attempting to connect to
will be displayed when the Refresh Button or the icon ( ) at the left of TCP:2
171
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
is clicked in the dialog box above. (Refer to the following figure.)
6-2-10 Downloading Tag Data Link Parameters
To make tag data links, you must download tag data link parameters, such as
tag set settings and connection settings, to all devices in the EtherNet/IP network. When the download operation is executed, the tag data link parameters
will be transferred to the EtherNet/IP Units that require the settings.
The following procedure shows how to download the tag data link parameters.
Refer to 6-2-9 Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network for information on how to connect the Network Configurator to the network.
Note
• If the target node IP address is not set correctly, invalid device parameters
may be set in the wrong PLC. Check the connected PLC before downloading parameters.
• If incorrect tag data link parameters are set, it may cause equipment to
operate unpredictably. Even when the correct tag data link parameters are
set, make sure that there will be no effect on equipment before transferring the data.
• When network symbols are used in tag settings, a connection error will
result if the symbols are not also set in the CPU Unit. Before downloading
the tag data link parameters, check to confirm that the network symbols
have been set in the CPU Unit. On the Connection and Tag Status Tab
Pages described in 14-1-1 The Network Configurator’s Device Monitor
Function, check whether the network symbol, tag, and connection settings are correct.
• When a communications error occurs, the output status depends on the
specifications of the Unit being used. When a communications error
occurs for a Unit that is used along with output devices, check the operating specifications and implement safety countermeasures.
• The EtherNet/IP Unit is automatically restarted after the parameters have
been downloaded. This restart is required to enable the tag set and connection information that have been set. Before downloading the parameters, check to confirm that restarting will not cause any problems with the
equipment.
• Do not disconnect the Ethernet cable or reset or turn OFF the power to
the EtherNet/IP Unit while the parameters are being downloaded
• For EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports with revision 2 or later,
the CPU Unit can download tag data link parameters in either RUN mode
or MONITOR mode. (They can also be downloaded in PROGRAM mode.)
• For EtherNet/IP Units with revision 1, tag data link parameters can be
downloaded only when the CPU Unit is in PROGRAM mode.
• Even for Units with revision 2 or later, all CPU Units must be in PROGRAM mode to download the parameters if any Units with revision 1 are
included in the network.
172
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
1,2,3...
1. Connect the Network Configurator online.
2. There are two ways to download the parameters.
• Downloading to All Devices in the Network
Select Network - Download. The following dialog box will be displayed.
• Downloading Individually to Particular Devices
Select the icon of the EtherNet/IP Unit to which you want to download. To
select multiple nodes, press and hold the Shift Key while selecting additional icons. (In the following example, 2 nodes are selected:
192.168.250.1 and 192.168.250.2.)
After selecting the icons, click the right mouse button over the icon to display the pop-up menu, and select Parameter - Download.
The following dialog box will be displayed.
3. Click the Yes Button to download the tag data link parameters to the EtherNet/IP Unit.
The following dialog box will be displayed if any of the CPU Units is not in
PROGRAM mode.
• Display When All EtherNet/IP Units and Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports are
Revision 2 or Higher
173
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
If the Download after changed to Program mode Button is clicked, all
CPU Units will be changed to PROGRAM mode and the parameters will
be downloaded. Confirm safety for all controlled equipment if the CPU
Units are changed to PROGRAM mode. The operating mode can be returned to the previous setting after the parameters have been downloaded.
The Download with Current mode Button can be clicked to download
load the parameters even when one or more CPU Units is in RUN or MONITOR mode.
• Display When Even One EtherNet/IP Unit Is Revision 1
When the Download after changed to Program mode Button is clicked,
all CPU Units will be changed to PROGRAM mode and the parameters will
be downloaded. Confirm safety for all controlled equipment if the CPU
Units are changed to PROGRAM mode. The operating mode can be returned to the previous setting after the parameters have been downloaded.
During the download, the following progress monitor will be displayed to
show the progress of the download.
174
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
If the operating mode of one or more CPU Units was changed to download
the parameters, the CPU Units can be returned to the previous operating
mode. If the No Button is clicked, the CPU Units will remain in PROGRAM
mode.
4. The following dialog box will be displayed, indicating that the download was
completed.
6-2-11 Uploading Tag Data Link Parameters
Tag data link parameters (such as the tag set settings and connection settings) can be uploaded from EtherNet/IP Units in the EtherNet/IP network.
The following procedure shows how to upload the parameters. For details on
connecting to the network from the Network Configurator, refer to 6-2-9 Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network.
1,2,3...
1. Connect the Network Configurator to the network.
2. There are two ways to upload the parameters.
• Uploading from All Devices in the Network
Select Network - Upload. The following dialog box will be displayed.
• Clicking the Yes Button:
Parameters will be uploaded only from the devices registered in the Network Configuration Window. Parameters will not be uploaded from devices
that are not registered in the Network Configuration Window.
• Clicking the No Button:
• If parameters are being uploaded from all devices in the network, the
parameters will be newly uploaded from all devices. The current network configuration information will be lost.
• If parameters are being uploaded from specified devices only, the upload operation will be cancelled and the upload will not be performed.
• Clicking the Cancel Button:
The upload operation will be cancelled and the upload will not be performed.
• Uploading Individually from Particular Devices
175
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Select the icon of the EtherNet/IP Unit from which you want to upload. To
select multiple nodes, press and hold the Shift Key while selecting additional icons. (In the following example, 2 nodes are selected:
192.168.250.1 and 192.168.250.2.)
After selecting the icons, click the right mouse button over the icon to display the pop-up menu, and select Parameter - Upload.
The following confirmation dialog box will be displayed.
Click the Yes Button or No Button.
During the upload, the following progress monitor will be displayed to show
the progress of the upload.
3. The following dialog box will be displayed, indicating that the upload was
completed.
6-2-12 Verifying the Tag Data Links
Tag data link parameters (such as the tag set settings and connection settings) can be compared with the EtherNet/IP Units in the EtherNet/IP network.
The following procedure shows how to compare the parameters. For details
on connecting to the network from the Network Configurator, refer to 6-2-9
Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network.
176
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Verifying the Network
Configuration
1,2,3...
Compare the list of registered devices in the Network Configuration Window
with the devices connected on the EtherNet/IP network, and check the IP
addresses and device types. This function cannot be used to verify device
parameters.
1. Connect the Network Configurator to the network.
2. The following progress monitor will be displayed to show the progress as
data is read from the network and compared.
3. The results of the comparison between the network configuration file and
data from the network are displayed as follows.
• Differences Not Found in the Comparison
• Differences Found in the Comparison
• Differences Found in the Device Type.
177
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Click the OK Button or the Close Button.
Verifying the Device
Parameters
1,2,3...
Use the following procedure to compare the device parameters for the devices
selected in the Network Configuration Window with those of the devices connected on the EtherNet/IP network. The IP addresses, device types, and
device parameters are compared.
1. Connect the Network Configurator to the network.
2. Click the icon of the EtherNet/IP Unit that is to be verified. To select multiple
nodes, hold down the Shift Key while clicking the icons. (In the following example, the 192.168.250.1 and 192.168.250.2 nodes are selected.)
With the icons selected, right-click and select Parameter - Verify from the
pop-up menu.
3. The following dialog box will be displayed.
Click the Yes Button or the No Button.
4. One of the following dialog boxes will be displayed.
• Differences Not Found in the Comparison
• Differences Found in the Comparison
178
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
• Differences Found in the Device Type
Click the OK Button or the Close Button.
5. If multiple nodes have been selected, the following message will be displayed. Click the Yes Button.
The comparison results will be displayed in order of the selected nodes.
6-2-13 Starting and Stopping Tag Data Links
Automatically Starting Tag Data Links
Tag data links will start operating automatically immediately after the tag data
link parameters are downloaded from the Network Configurator. (They will
also start automatically when the power to the PLC is turned ON or the CPU
Unit is restarted.)
Starting and Stopping All Tag Data Links on the Network
Using the Network
Configurator
All tag data links on the network can be started and stopped by selecting I/O
Connection - Start/Stop from the Network Menu.
Starting and Stopping Tag Data Links for Individual Devices
Using the Network
Configurator
You can start and stop tag data links for individual devices using the following
buttons in the Monitor Device Dialog Box. This applies only to tag data links
for which the device is the originator. Access the Monitor Device Dialog Box
by selecting Monitor from the Device Menu.
179
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Start Connection Button:
Starts all connections for which the device is the originator.
Stop Connection Button:
Stops all connections for which the device is the originator.
Note
Connections will be cut off if any of the following errors occurs in the CPU Unit
that is the originator while tag data links are active.
• Fatal CPU Unit error
• I/O refresh error
• CPU Unit WDT error
• I/O bus error
6-2-14 Clearing the Device Parameters
The device parameters saved in the EtherNet/IP Units in the EtherNet/IP network can be cleared (returned to their default settings). The following procedure shows how to clear the device parameters. For details on connecting to
the network from the Network Configurator, refer to 6-2-9 Connecting the Network Configurator to the Network.
1,2,3...
1. Connect the Network Configurator to the network.
2. Select the icon of the EtherNet/IP Unit in which you want to clear the device
parameters. In the following example, 2 nodes are selected: 192.168.250.1
and 192.168.250.2. To select multiple nodes, press and hold the Shift Key
while selecting additional icons.
180
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
3. Select Device - Reset. The following dialog box will be displayed.
• Clicking the Yes Button:
The following dialog box will be displayed.
Select one of the following options and click the OK Button.
• Emulate cycling power
Restarts the Unit.
• Return to the out-of-box configuration, and then emulate cycling power
Returns the Unit to its factory default settings, and restarts the Unit.
• Clicking the No Button:
The device parameters are not cleared or reset.
6-2-15 Saving the Network Configuration File
Device parameters set in the Network Configurator, or device parameters
uploaded from the network can be saved as a network configuration file.
1,2,3...
1. Select File - Save As. The following dialog box will be displayed.
The File name Field will contain Untitled.nvf as the default file name.
2. Input the file name, and click the Save Button.
181
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
The network configuration file save operation is complete.
3. When the network configuration is changed later, the existing network configuration file can be overwritten by selecting File - Save or clicking the
Button.
4. You can select the Select target network Check Box in the Option Area to
save a network configuration file with only the required networks.
Select the check boxes of the networks to save and click the OK Button.
6-2-16 Reading a Network Configuration File
A previously saved network configuration file can be read into the Network
Configurator.
182
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
1,2,3...
1. Select File - Open or click the
be displayed.
Button. The following dialog box will
If the network configuration file that you want to read is not displayed,
change to (Look in) another folder.
2. When you click and select the network configuration file that you want to
read, that file name will be displayed in the File name Field.
3. Click the Open Button to read the network configuration file.
4. The Network Configurator’s Title Bar will display the name of the file that
was read.
183
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
5. Select any of the options as necessary. The options are listed below.
Option
Select target network
Add to current document
Note
Function
Allows you to select specific networks from the network configuration and open them.
Allows you to add the networks from the network
configuration file being opened to the current configuration file.
The save format will vary depending on the Network Configurator version.
Configuration files (*.ncf) created using the Network Configurator for EtherNet/IP (version 2 or higher) can be imported (opened) by selecting External
Data - Import from the File Menu.
6-2-17 Checking Connections
Check the consistency of connection parameters for network configuration
files with device parameters set using the Network Configurator and device
parameters uploaded from the network.
1. Select Check Connections in the Network Menu. The following dialog box
will be displayed if parameters are normal.
The following dialog box will be displayed if there are parameter errors.
Check the displayed details and review the settings.
If an inconsistency occurs, open the originator's Edit Device Parameter Dialog Box and click the Connection Tab. The inconsistent connection will
be displayed with a
icon (instead of the normal
icon). To change
the connection setting and select a different target variable, select the connection as shown below and click the Edit Button.
184
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Icon (When normal:
)
6-2-18 Changing Devices
Devices that are registered in a network configuration with the Network Configurator can be changed. Select Change Device from the Device Menu to
display a list of the devices that can be changed to. Select the desired device.
A device can be changed only when there is complete or upward compatibility
with the device being changed to.
Device Changes
Device after change CJ1W- CS1W CJ1W- CS1W CJ1W- CJ2B- CJ2M- CJ1W- CS1W CJ1W- CJ2BEIP21
EIP21 EIP21 EIP21 -EIP21 EIP
EIP21 -EIP21 EIP21 -EIP21 EIP
(CJ2)
(CJ2)
Rev. 1
Rev. 1
Rev. 2
Rev. 2
Rev. 2
Rev. 2
Rev. 2
Rev. 3
Rev. 3
Rev. 3
Rev. 3
Device before change
CJ1W-EIP21
Rev. 1
---
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
(See
note 2.)
OK
OK
OK
OK
CS1W-EIP21
Rev. 1
OK
---
OK
OK
OK
OK
(See
note 2.)
OK
OK
OK
OK
CJ1W-EIP21
Rev. 2
No
No
---
OK
OK
OK
(See
note 2.)
OK
OK
OK
OK
CS1W-EIP21
Rev. 2
No
No
OK
---
OK
OK
(See
note 2.)
OK
OK
OK
OK
CJ1W-EIP (CJ2)
Rev. 2
No
No
(See
(See
note 1.) note 1.)
---
OK
(See
(See
(See
note 2.) note 1.) note 1.)
OK
OK
CJ2B-EIP21
Rev. 2
No
No
(See
(See
note 1.) note 1.)
OK
---
(See
(See
(See
note 2.) note 1.) note 1.)
OK
OK
CJ2M-EIP21
Rev. 2
No
No
(See
(See
note 1.) note 1.)
OK
OK
---
OK
OK
CJ1W-EIP21
Rev. 3
No
No
OK
OK
OK
OK
(See
note 2.)
---
OK
OK
OK
CS1W-EIP21
Rev. 3
No
No
OK
OK
OK
OK
(See
note 2.)
OK
---
OK
OK
CJ1W-EIP (CJ2)
Rev. 3
No
No
(See
(See
note 1.) note 1.)
OK
OK
(See
(See
(See
note 2.) note 1.) note 1.)
---
OK
CJ2B-EIP21
Rev. 3
No
No
(See
(See
note 1.) note 1.)
OK
OK
(See
(See
(See
note 2.) note 1.) note 1.)
OK
---
Note
(See
(See
note 1.) note 1.)
(1) Cannnot be changed if a variable is specified as a tag.
(2) Cannot be changed if the following items exceed the permissible settings
of the device after the change: Number of I/O connections, number of
tags, number of tag sets, and size of one tag set.
6-2-19 Displaying Device Status
Device status is displayed using the following icons in Maintenance Mode. To
enter maintenance mode, select Large Icons - Maintenance Mode from the
View Menu.
185
Section 6-2
Setting Tag Data Links
Icon
(gray)
Status
Offline
Default (no configuration)
(turquoise edge)
(green) Idle (CPU Unit of PLC is in PROGRAM mode.)
Communications normal (CPU Unit of PLC is in RUN or MONITOR mode.)
Warning (A non-fatal error has occurred in the CPU Unit of the
(yellow)
PLC.)
Alarm (A fatal error has occurred in the CPU Unit of the PLC.)
(red)
(blue)
186
Ladder Programming with Tag Data Links
6-3
6-3-1
Section 6-3
Ladder Programming with Tag Data Links
Ladder Programming Related to Tag Data Links
If data in the ladder program is linked by tag data links, add conditions 1 to 4
in the ladder program for that data. If you want to use target node PLC flags
as input conditions, add conditions 5 and 6.
For details on the various flags, refer to 4-2 CIO Area Allocations.
Conditions showing the EtherNet/IP Unit’s Tag Data Links are enabled:
1. The Unit Error Occurred Flag (n+10, bit 00) is OFF,
2. and the Online Flag (n+11, bit 00) is ON,
3. and the Tag Data Link Operating Flag (n+11, bit 01) is ON.
Conditions showing that connections are established with the target
device, and tag data links are operating:
4. The corresponding Normal Target Node Flag (in words n+20 to n+23) is
ON.
The location of the Normal Target Node Flags depends on the layout setting. For details on the layout settings, refer to 4-2-2 Details of the Allocated
CIO Area Words.
Note
With revision 2 or higher, the Normal Target Node Flag will turn ON
only after the data for all connections for the target device has been
refreshed in the CPU Unit. With revision 1, the Normal Target Node
Flag will turn ON after the data for only one connection for the target device has been refreshed in the CPU Unit.
Condition showing that the Target Node PLC is operating (OMRON PLCs
only):
5. The corresponding Target Node PLC Operating Flag (in words n+2 to n+5)
is ON.
Condition showing the Target Node PLC’s fatal or non-fatal error status
(OMRON PLCs only):
6. The corresponding Target Node PLC Error Flag (in words n+6 to n+9) is
OFF.
When you want to use the Target Node PLC Error Flag, the PLC status
must be included in the tag sets for both the originator and target. Include
the PLC status by using the Network Configurator to select the Include Options in the Edit Tag Set Dialog Boxes. For details, refer to 6-3-2 Status
Flags Related to Tag Data Links.
Example of Programming
to Detect Normal Status
The following programming can be used to confirm that normal communications are being performed for each target node. If the PLC status is included in
the tag data, the status of the PLC can also be detected.
187
Section 6-3
Ladder Programming with Tag Data Links
Programming for Revision 2 or Higher
Tag Data Link
Operating
Normal Target Node
Flag 1
PLC Operating
Flag 1
PLC Error
Flag 1
Node 1 Data Link
Normal Operation Flag
n+11 bit 01
n+20 bit 01
n+2 bit 01
n+6 bit 01
Normal Target Node
Flag 2
PLC Operating
Flag 2
PLC Error
Flag 2
Node 2 Data Link
Normal Operation Flag
n+20 bit 02
n+2 bit 02
n+6 bit 02
Programming for Revision 1 and Revision 2
Tag Data Link
Operating
All Tag Data Links
Operating
Normal Operation Flag
n+11 bit 01
n+12 bit 14
PLC Operating
Flag 1
PLC Error
Flag 1
Node 1 Data Link
Normal Operation Flag
n+2 bit 01
n+6 bit 01
PLC Operating
Flag 2
PLC Error
Flag 2
Node 2 Data Link
Normal Operation Flag
n+2 bit 02
Programming to Detect
Errors: Example 1
n+6 bit 02
The following programming can be used to check for errors for each target
node. This programming is used to detect errors only after the data links for all
nodes have started normally.
Programming for Revision 2 or Higher
Tag Data Link
Operating
Normal Target Node
Flag 1
Node 1
Error output
n+11 bit 01
n+20 bit 01
Normal Target Node
Flag 1
Node 1
Error output
n+20 bit 01
Normal Target Node
Flag 2
Node 2
Error output
n+20 bit 02
Normal Target Node
Flag 2
Node 2
Error output
n+20 bit 02
Programming to Detect
Errors: Example 2
188
The following programming can be used to detect tag data link errors at the
local node.
Section 6-3
Ladder Programming with Tag Data Links
Programming for Revision 1 or Higher
Tag Data Link
Operating
Unit Error
Occurred
DIFD
10000
n+11 bit 01
n+10 bit 00
Unit Error
Occurred
DIFU
10000
n+10 bit 00
10000
Release Flag
Local node
Error output
Local node
Error output
Example of Programming
to Process Data
The following type of programming can be used to process data only when the
data links are operating normally.
Additional part
The parts of the ladder program
that use the data link area for
the relevant node are processed
only when the corresponding
Normal Operation Flag is ON.
Normal Operation
Flag
Normal Operation
Flag
Interlocks (IL and ILC instructions) and jumps (JMP and JME instructions) can
also be used to process data only when the data links are operating normally
as shown below.
Node A Data Link
Normal Operation Flag
IL
Node A data processing
ILC
Node B Data Link
Normal Operation Flag
IL
Node B data processing
ILC
Node C Data Link
Normal Operation Flag
IL
Node C data processing
ILC
189
Ladder Programming with Tag Data Links
Note
6-3-2
Section 6-3
Even if an error occurs in communications with a target device, the input data
from the target device will remain stored in words allocated in memory to the
local node. To prevent malfunctions, write the ladder program so that input
data processing will not be performed when the Unit Error Occurred Flag
(word n+10 bit 00) is ON.
Status Flags Related to Tag Data Links
The status of the tag data links is reflected in the following words.
Name (allocated area)
Target Node PLC Operating Flag
Information
Layout set to default settings:
Words n+2 to n+5
Layout set to user settings:
Words n+32 to n+47
Contents
Each flag indicates the operating status of the
corresponding target node PLC of connections
in which the EtherNet/IP Unit is the originator.
The flag corresponding to the target node’s target ID will be ON when the PLC Operating Flags
for all connections with that target node indicate
that the PLC is operating.
Note Corresponds to the PLC
Each node address’s flag location (i.e., target ID)
status’s PLC Operating
can be changed from the Network Configurator.
Flag.
The PLC status flags are enabled when the PLC
status is included in the communications data for
both the originator and target.
The data in this table is refreshed when necessary.
Target Node PLC Error Flag Infor- Each flag indicates the error status (logical OR
mation
of non-fatal and fatal errors) of the corresponding
target node PLC of connections in which the EthLayout set to default settings:
erNet/IP Unit is the originator. The flag correWords n+6 to n+9
sponding to the target node’s target ID will be
Layout set to user settings:
ON if even one error is indicated in any of the
Words n+48 to n+63
connections with that target node.
Note Corresponds to the PLC
Each node address’s flag location (i.e., target ID)
status’s PLC Error Flag.
can be changed from the Network Configurator.
The PLC status flags are enabled when the PLC
status is included in the communications data for
both the originator and target.
The data in this table is refreshed when necessary.
Normal Target Node Flag Table
Each flag indicates the connection status of the
corresponding target node PLC of connections
Layout set to default settings:
in which the EtherNet/IP Unit is the originator.
Words n+20 to n+23
The flag corresponding to the target node’s tarLayout set to user settings:
get ID will be ON when connections are estabWords n+16 to n+31
lished for all connections with that target node
Note Does not correspond to the indicate that the PLC is operating.
PLC status.
Each node address’s flag location (i.e., target ID)
can be changed from the Network Configurator.
The data in this table is refreshed when necessary.
190
SECTION 7
Message Communications Functions
This section describes message communications using FINS messages and explicit messages.
7-1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
192
7-2
FINS Message Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
7-3
Explicit Message Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
196
7-4
Message Communications Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
197
7-5
Message Communications Error Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
198
7-6
Message Communications Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
199
191
Section 7-1
Overview
7-1
Overview
The message communications functions send command/response messages
between nodes on the Ethernet network. The messages can be sent between
a computer and PLC, between two PLCs, between an OMRON PLC and a
master made by another company, or between slaves. The messages can be
used to send/receive data; read time data, error logs, and other data; or control operation, e.g., by force-setting/resetting bits.
There are two types of messages: FINS messages and explicit messages.
Item
Outline
Remote
device
Features
FINS messages
Message communications for
OMRON products that use the
FINS protocol.
• Computer with an Ethernet interface
• OMRON PLCs (with a CS/CJseries EtherNet/IP Unit, built-in
EtherNet/IP port, or Ethernet
Unit)
Explicit messages
Standard ODVA message communications using the CIP protocol.
• Computer with an Ethernet interface
• Another company’s masters or
slaves.
• OMRON PLCs (with a CS/CJseries EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port)
• Supports message communica• Send and receive the various
tions with other companies’ EtherFINS commands to provide an
Net/IP devices.
even greater range of services
than the CIP UCMM messages. CS/CJ Series
• Provide transparency in mes• CS1W-EIP21
sage communications with other
OMRON networks, such as Con- • CJ1W-EIP21
troller Link, SYSMAC LINK, and • [email protected]@-EIP
Ethernet.
• [email protected]
(CS1/CJ1 CPU Units with unit
version 2.0 or later or CJ2 CPU
Units: Up to 8 levels, CPU Units
with unit version earlier than 2.0:
Up to 3 levels)
Send
FINS communications function
Receive
Message communications functions
Send
Explicit message
communications function
Receive
192
Section 7-1
Overview
Overall Structure
CPU Unit
CMND(490)
instruction
CMND(490)
instruction
(2810 Hex)
EtherNet/IP Unit
FINS
message
function
FINS message
FINS
Explicit message
Explicit
message
function
OMRON special message communications
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP) network
FINS message
EtherNet/IP message communications
Explicit message
Note
With the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, message communications are possible even if the I/O link function is disabled.
193
Section 7-2
FINS Message Communications
7-2
FINS Message Communications
Messages containing FINS commands can be exchanged over the Ethernet
network between nodes that support FINS messages.
Note
Type of FINS message
Network
communications
instructions
PLC to PLC (both must
be CS/CJ-series PLCs
with a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit, built-in
EtherNet/IP port, or
Ethernet Units) (See
note 1.)
FINS message communications can be executed without any particular
restrictions over the Ethernet network with OMRON Ethernet Units (CS1WETN21 or CJ1W-ETN21), computers (CX-One or Fins Gateway applications),
and NS-series Programmable Terminals.
Data send/receive commands
SEND/RECV instructions
CS/CJ-series PLC
CS/CJ-series PLC
CS/CJ-series PLC
CS/CJ-series PLC
Command to
EtherNet/IP Unit
Command
Note Inter-network communications are
possible with
Ethernet networks
or other networks,
such as Controller
Link. (See note 2.)
Data length (excluding
command code)
Any kind of FINS command
CMND(490) instructions
CS/CJ-series PLC
Command to
CPU Unit
Command
SEND instruction: 990 words: RECV
instruction: 990 words.
Note
CMND instruction: 1,990 bytes max.
1. When two or more Communications Units (including the EtherNet/IP Units
and built-in EtherNet/IP ports) are mounted to a CS/CJ-series PLC and
FINS messages are being used, the EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports must be registered in the CS/CJ-series PLC’s local network
routing table. The commands will not be sent if the Unit is not registered in
the routing tables.
2. When a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is connected to an Ethernet network, message communications can be conducted between networks, including other Ethernet networks as well as other
networks such as Controller Link and SYSMAC LINK. Up to eight levels of
networks can be crossed, provided that routing tables (containing local
network tables and relay network tables) have been registered in the CPU
Units of each PLC on the network.
3. A Programming Device connected to the CPU Unit of a PLC connected to
the network can be used to program and monitor another PLC that is on
the network. Up to eight levels of networks can be crossed for CS1/CJ1series CPU Units with unit version 2.0 or later, CJ2 CPU Units, and CXProgrammer version 4.0 or higher.
194
Section 7-2
FINS Message Communications
Up to 8 network levels, including the EtherNet/IP network, can be crossed.
Controller Link Unit
CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit
CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
Controller Link Unit
Controller Link
Remote I/O communications
CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
Note FINS commands sent and received by the CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP
Unit include commands addressed to the CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
and commands addressed to the CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit.
195
Explicit Message Communications
7-3
Section 7-3
Explicit Message Communications
Explicit messages defined in EtherNet/IP can be used to send service
requests to other companies’ EtherNet/IP masters/slaves and OMRON PLCs
with CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports.
Note Specific FINS commands (commands 2810 and 2801) are used to send
explicit messages.
Explicit message
Network communications instruction
Sending
CIP UCMM messages can be sent to an EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port by a CMND(490)
instruction containing FINS command code 2810
Hex.
Functions supported • Masters/slaves made by other manufacturers:
in remote devices
Supported services determine supported functions.
• PLC with a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port:
Supports the reading/writing of a remote CPU Unit’s
status information and I/O memory data.
Receiving
Automatically responds to explicit messages from other devices.
• Masters made by other manufacturers
• PLC with a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port: Supports the
reading/writing of the local CPU Unit’s status information and I/O memory data.
Note The CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports (CS1WEIP21, CJ1W-EIP21, [email protected]@-EIP, or [email protected]) contain a PLC
Object, so that other devices can read/write the I/O memory of the CPU Unit
with the built-in EtherNet/IP port or the CPU Unit to which the EtherNet/IP Unit
is mounted.
196
Message Communications Specifications
7-4
Section 7-4
Message Communications Specifications
CPU Unit function
Unit model number
Communications
Sending/ receiving
instructions
data
FINS commands
CS/CJ Series
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21, [email protected]@-EIP, or [email protected]
SEND and RECV instructions
No. of simultaneous instructions
One each for 8 ports (ports 0 to 7)
Refer to Network Instructions in the CS/CJ Series Programmable Controllers Instructions Reference Manual (W474) for information on ports (logical
ports).
Default setting: 2 s
User setting: 0.1 to 6553.5 s
0 to 15
Supports internetwork communications between Ethernet networks connected to CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports (up
to 3 levels).
Supports internetwork communications between the EtherNet/IP network
connected to a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
and other networks such as Controller Link or SYSMAC LINK (up to 3 levels).
CMND(490) instruction
There are two kinds of FINS commands: commands addressed to the CPU
Unit, and commands addressed to the CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port.
CMND(490) instruction
Sending EtherNet/IP CIP UCMM
Sends CIP UCMM messages to other companies’ masters/slaves, or PLCs
messages
with a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port mounted.
Number of destiFINS message com- 1:N communications
nation nodes
munications
Explicit message
1:N communications
communications
Send functions:
CIP unconnected (UCMM) communications only
Receive functions: CIP unconnected (UCMM) and CIP connected (Class 3)
communications
Transmission data FINS message com- • SEND: 990 words (1,980 bytes) max. normally, or 727 words (1,454
length (not includ- munications
bytes) max. when broadcasting
ing the command
• RECV: 990 words (1,980 bytes) max.
code)
• CMND: 1,990 bytes max. normally, or 1,462 bytes max. when broadcasting (data after the FINS command code)
Explicit message
CMND: 492 bytes max.
communications
Response monitoring time
Retries
Internetwork connections
Same network type
Different network
type
197
Section 7-5
Message Communications Error Indications
7-5
Message Communications Error Indications
There are two ways to obtain information on communications errors that occur
in message communications: checking the EtherNet/IP Unit’s error log or
checking its indicators.
1,2,3...
1. Each time a communications error occurs, an error code is placed in an error record in the error log stored in RAM in the EtherNet/IP Unit or CPU
Unit with the built-in EtherNet/IP Port. Up to 64 records can be stored in
the error log. The time and date that the error occurred are also recorded
together.
The error log can be read or cleared from the CPU Unit by sending an FINS
command to the EtherNet/IP Unit (Error Log Read/Clear). The contents of
the error log can also be monitored from the Configurator.
Code
Code
64 records
Code
FINS command
Read-out
Monitor
CPU Unit
Configurator
2. When a communications error has occurred, details on the error are indicated by the MS and NS indicators and the 7-segment display on the front
panel of the EtherNet/IP Unit or CPU Unit with the built-in EtherNet/IP port.
This information can be used for troubleshooting.
Example: Routing table error
Flashing red
Not relevant
MS
NS
Communications status 3
15
EtherNet/IP
Unit
198
CPU
Unit
00
Section 7-6
Message Communications Errors
7-6
Message Communications Errors
The following table shows the main errors that may occur when messages are
sent or received. Refer to SECTION 14 Troubleshooting and Error Processing
for corrective measures and details on errors that are recorded in error log but
not indicated by the LED indicators.
Error
MS
Routing table error
IP address duplication error
CPU Unit service monitoring error
Other CPU error
Too many retries, cannot send
Node address setting error, cannot send
Remote node not part of network, cannot send
No Unit with specified unit address, cannot send
CPU Unit error occurred, cannot send
Destination address not set in routing tables, cannot send
Routing tables not registered, cannot send
Routing tables error occurred, cannot send
Too many relay connections, cannot send
Maximum command length exceeded, cannot send
Header error; cannot send
Reception buffer full, packet discarded
Invalid packet discarded
Local node busy, cannot send
Unexpected routing error
Service not supported in present mode, packet discarded
Transmission buffer full, packet discarded
Maximum frame length exceeded, routing impossible
Packet discarded due to response time-out
Note
Flashing red
No change
Flashing red
No change
Indicators
NS
No change
Lit red
No change
Not lit
7-segment
display
(See note.)
HC
F0
HE
H7
No change
No change
Error code
(Hex)
021A
0211
0002
0006
0103
0105
0107
0108
010B
010D
010E
010F
0110
0111
0112
0117
0118
0119
0120
0122
0123
0124
0125
The 7-segment display alternately displays the error and the node address of
the node where the error occurred.
199
Message Communications Errors
200
Section 7-6
SECTION 8
FINS Communications
This section provides information on communicating on EtherNet/IP Systems and interconnected networks using FINS
commands. The information provided in the section deals only with FINS communications in reference to EtherNet/IP
Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports.
FINS commands issued from a PLC are sent via the SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) instructions programmed
into the user ladder-diagram program. Although an outline of these instructions is provided in this section, refer to the CS/
CJ Series Programmable Controllers Instructions Reference Manual (W474) for further details on programming these
instructions.
8-1
8-2
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
Overview of FINS Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
202
8-1-1
Communications On an Ethernet Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
202
8-1-2
Using the FINS/UDP and FINS/TCP Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
203
8-1-3
FINS Communications Service Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
203
FINS/UDP Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
204
8-2-1
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
204
FINS/TCP Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
206
8-3-1
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
206
Routing Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
211
8-4-1
Routing Table Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
211
8-4-2
Connecting and Using a Peripheral Device for the PLC . . . . . . . . .
212
8-4-3
Routing Table Setting Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
213
Using FINS Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
215
8-5-1
CX-Programmer (CX-Server) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
215
8-5-2
FinsGateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
219
Communicating between OMRON PLCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
224
8-6-1
Communications Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
224
8-6-2
PLC Communications Data Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
225
8-6-3
Using SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
226
8-6-4
Writing Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
230
8-6-5
Program Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
234
Precautions on High Traffic in FINS Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
236
201
Section 8-1
Overview of FINS Communications
8-1
8-1-1
Overview of FINS Communications
Communications On an Ethernet Network
The EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports support the FINS communications service, which can be used simultaneously with the CIP communications service.
FINS communications data is sent and received as UDP/IP packets or TCP/IP
packets.
PLC
or host computer
EtherNet/IP Unit
Packet (FINS command)
Ethernet
(EtherNet/IP)
Packet (FINS response)
EtherNet/IP Unit
PLC
In the FINS communications service, both an IP address for IP (the Internet
layer) and a FINS node address for FINS (the application layer) are used for
the remote device. Also, 9600 is used as the default setting for the local UDP
or TCP port number (i.e., the transport layer) for identifying the application
layer, i.e., the FINS communications service. (Another number can be set for
the FINS/UDP port from the Setup Tab Page in the Unit Setup.)
For details on pairing FINS node addresses with IP addresses and UDP/TCP
port numbers, refer to 5-2 IP Addresses in FINS Communications.
FINS
Application Layer
Node Number
UDP
Transport Layer
TCP
UDP Port No.
TCP Port No.
IP
Internet Layer
IP Address
Ethernet
Physical Layer
Ethernet Address
The FINS communications service is a communications method based on
UDP/IP, and it is supported by most OMRON Ethernet-related products. (In
this manual it is called the FINS/UDP method.) In addition to supporting the
FINS/UDP method, the [email protected]@-EIP, [email protected], CS1W-EIP21,
and CJ1W-EIP21 support FINS communications using TCP/IP. (In this manual, this is called the FINS/TCP method.)
202
Section 8-1
Overview of FINS Communications
8-1-2
Using the FINS/UDP and FINS/TCP Methods
It is recommended that FINS/UDP and FINS/TCP be used as follows:
• When remote devices do not support the FINS/TCP method:
Use the FINS/UDP method for FINS communications with those devices.
• When FINS nodes are connected on the same Ethernet segment:
Use the FINS/UDP method between those nodes.
Note
FINS/UDP offers a slight advantage in performance.
• When FINS nodes are connected over multiple IP network layers:
Use the FINS/TCP method between those nodes.
Note
FINS/TCP offers superior communications quality.
• When the quality of connections is unreliable, as with wireless LAN:
Use the FINS/TCP method between those nodes.
Note
8-1-3
FINS/TCP offers superior communications quality.
FINS Communications Service Specifications
Item
Number of nodes
Message length
Number of buffers
Protocol name
Protocol used
Number of connections
Port number
Protection
Other
Internal table
Specifications
254
2,012 bytes max.
192
FINS/UDP method
UDP/IP
--9600 (default)
Can be changed.
No
FINS/TCP method
TCP/IP
16
9600 (default)
Can be changed.
Yes (Specification of client IP addresses when Unit is used as a
server)
Items set for each connection
Items set for each UDP
port
• Server/client specification
• Broadcast
• Remote IP address specification
• IP Address Conversion
When client: Specify the IP address of the remote Unit (server).
When server: Specify IP addresses of clients permitted to connect.
• Automatic FINS node address allocation:
Specify automatic allocation of client FINS node addresses.
• Keep-alive:
Specify whether remote node keep-alive is to be used.
TCP/IP Setting
• Remote node keep-alive time
This a table of correspondences for remote FINS node addresses, remote IP addresses, TCP/
UDP, and remote port numbers. It is created automatically when power is turned ON to the
PLC or when the Ethernet Unit is restarted, and it is automatically changed when a connection
is established by means of the FINS/TCP method or when a FINS command received.
The following functions are enabled by using this table.
• IP address conversion using the FINS/UDP method
• Automatic FINS node address conversion after a connection is established using the FINS/
TCP method
• Automatic client FINS node address allocation using the FINS/TCP method
• Simultaneous connection of multiple FINS applications
203
Section 8-2
FINS/UDP Method
8-2
8-2-1
FINS/UDP Method
Overview
FINS/UDP Features
The FINS/UDP method is a FINS communications method that uses the UDP/
IP protocol. UDP/IP is a connectionless communications protocol. When a
message is sent from one node to another, the two nodes have an equal relationship and there is no clear connection. If using TCP is like making a telephone call, then UDP is more like delivering a memo by hand. Although the
UDP protocol is fast, data communications are less reliable than with TCP.
In particular, when sending large amounts of data involving significant routing,
the user must program measures, such as retries, into applications in order to
improve reliability.
Node
Node
Data transmission 1
Data transmission 2
Data transmission 3
Data is sent in one direction, with no
confirmation of whether the data was
received. Because there are few procedures
involved, data can be sent at high speed but
with less reliability than with TCP.
The FINS/UDP method has the following features:
• Because FINS/UDP is a connectionless protocol, there is no limit to the
number of corrections.
• FINS/UDP can be used for broadcasting.
• When data is sent via an IP network with multiple layers (such as the
Internet), communications reliability drops.
FINS/UDP Frame Format
The following diagram shows the structure of a UDP packet used for sending
and receiving data on an Ethernet network.
Ethernet Ver. 2
IP
UDP
FINS frame
FCS
UDP packet
As the diagram shows, a nested structure is used with the FINS/UDP method,
i.e., Ethernet Ver. 2, IP frame, UDP frame, and FINS frame. A UDP data section (FINS frame) that exceeds 1,472 bytes is split into packets for transmission. The split UDP data is then joined automatically at the UDP/IP protocol
layer. There is normally no need to pay attention at the application layer to
this split, but it may not be possible to send 1,472-byte UDP packets over an
IP network with multiple layers. When using the FINS communications service
in a system such as this, select the FINS/TCP method.
204
Section 8-2
FINS/UDP Method
UDP Port Numbers for
FINS/UDP
The UDP port number is the number for UDP to identify the application layer
(i.e., the FINS communications service in this case). When communications
are executed by UDP/IP, this port number must be allocated to the communications service.
The default setting for the UDP port number (i.e., the UDP port number of the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port) is 9600. To set another number,
set the number on the FINS/UDP Tab Page of the CX-Programmers Edit
Parameters Dialog Box.
At the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, a UDP/IP frame received
with a FINS/UDP port number is recognized as a FINS frame.
Procedure for Using FINS/UDP
1,2,3...
1. Make the basic settings.
Refer to Initial Settings in 3-1-1 Procedures.
2. Keep the CX-Programmer connected online, right-click the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port in the PLC IO Table Dialog Box, and select
Edit - Unit Setup. Set the following in the CPU Bus Unit Setup Area from
the FINS/UDP Tab Page of the Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
• IP Address Conversion
• FINS/UDP Port No. (Default: 9600)
• IP Address List (Set only when the conversion method is set to IP address table.)
• Dynamic Change of remote IP addresses
3. Select Transfer to PLC from the PLC Menu and click the Yes Button. The
setting data will be transferred to the CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area in
the CPU Unit.
4. Make the routing table settings and transfer them to each PLC. (See note.)
Set the routing tables with CX-Integrator, and transfer it to each PLC.
5. Create a ladder program that includes the SEND(090), RECV(098), and
CMND(490) instructions.
Note
Routing tables are required in the following situations:
• When communicating with a PLC or computer on another network (e.g.,
remote programming or monitoring using FINS messages or a CX-Programmer).
• When multiple Communications Units are mounted to a single PLC (i.e.,
CPU Unit).
• When routing tables are used for one or more other nodes on the same
network.
It is not necessary to set routing tables if one Communications Unit is
mounted to the PLC and the nodes are connected as one network.
205
Section 8-3
FINS/TCP Method
8-3
8-3-1
FINS/TCP Method
Overview
FINS/TCP Features
The FINS/TCP method is a FINS communications method that uses the TCP/
IP protocol. TCP/IP is a connection-type communications protocol. Before a
message is sent from one node to another, it is necessary to establish a virtual circuit, i.e., a connection. Once a connection has been established, communications are quite reliable. The arrival of data that is sent via the
connection is confirmed by an acknowledgement (ACK) response, and retries
are executed automatically as required.
When FINS/TCP is used, it must be determined which node is the server and
which nodes are the clients.
For communications between a personal computer and a PLC, the computer
should normally be set as the client and the PLC as the server. For communications between two PLCs, either one can be set as the client and the other
as the server.
Node
(Client)
Node
(Server)
Request to establish a connection
Connection
established
Notification of establishing
connection
Acknowledgement
Data transmission 1
Acknowledgement
An acknowledgement is received whenever a
connection is established or data is sent, so
transmissions are more reliable but somewhat slower.
Compared to the FINS/UDP method, the FINS/TCP method has the following
characteristics.
• Data transmission is more reliable, due to factors such as retry processing at the TCP/IP layer. The FINS/TCP method is thus better suited to
dealing with communications errors in an IP network that spans several
layers.
• Remote clients can be restricted by means of settings at the server (i.e.,
the server can be protected from access by non-specified IP addresses).
• Broadcasting cannot be used.
• TCP/IP has various retry procedures, and this tends to lower its performance in comparison with UDP/IP.
• There is a limit to the number of connections that can be made (i.e., 16
connections maximum), and any given node can communicate only with
up to 16 other nodes at a time.
206
Section 8-3
FINS/TCP Method
• After a FINS/TCP connection (connection number, remote IP address)
has been set in the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the Network Configurator’s
Edit Parameters Dialog Box, it can be dynamically changed from the ladder program using a FINS command (i.e., FINS/TCP CONNECTION
REMOTE NODE CHANGE REQUEST).
FINS/TCP Frame Format
The following diagram shows the structure of a TCP packet sent over an
Ethernet network.
Ethernet Ver. 2
IP
TCP
FINS/TCP header
FINS frame
FCS
TCP packet
As the diagram shows, a nested structure is used with the FINS/TCP method,
i.e., Ethernet Ver. 2, IP frame, TCP frame, FINS/TCP header frame, and FINS
frame. A TCP data section (FINS/TCP header + FINS frame) that exceeds the
segment size (default setting of 1,024 bytes in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port, with automatic adjustment for optimum values between the
nodes) is split into TCP packets for transmission. The split TCP data is then
joined automatically at the remote node's TCP/IP protocol layer. The TCP/IP
protocol layer, however, cannot determine where the data has been split, so
the TCP data sections from multiple packets are all joined together. Therefore, when using the FINS/TCP method, FINS/TCP headers must be added at
the beginning of FINS frames in order to serve as FINS frame delimiters. The
length of the data in the following FINS frame is stored in the header, allowing
the frame to be separated out by the remote node. With the EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port and FinsGateway (Ver. 2003 or higher) the appropriate frames are separated out automatically, so there is normally no need to
be pay attention to it at the application layer.
TCP Port Number for
FINS/TCP
The TCP port number is the number for TCP to identify the application layer
(i.e., the FINS communications service in this case). When communications
are executed using TCP/IP, this port number must be allocated for the communications service.
The default setting for the TCP port number (i.e., the TCP port number of the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port) is 9600. To set another number,
make the setting for the FINS/TCP port on the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the CXProgrammer’s Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
The FINS/TCP port number set in the FINS Configuration Tab Page is used
by the FINS/TCP server's TCP socket. The FINS/TCP client's TCP socket
uses any TCP port number that can be used at that node. (With the EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port and FinsGateway (Ver. 2003 or higher), an
unused TCP port is automatically detected and utilized.)
At the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, a TCP/IP frame that is
received is recognized as a FINS frame, according to the remote TCP port
number in the frame.
FINS/TCP Connection
Numbers
FINS/TCP allows up to 16 FINS/TCP connections to be established simultaneously, and these 16 connections are managed at the EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port by connection numbers. When setting FINS/TCP connection settings in the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the Network Configurator’s Edit
Parameters Dialog Box, set them individually using these connection numbers.
207
Section 8-3
FINS/TCP Method
FINS/TCP Connection Status (Word n+24)
While a connection with a remote node is established, the bit corresponding
to the FINS/TCP connection status turns ON in the section of the CPU Bus
Unit words allocated in the CIO Area. The bit turns OFF if the connection is
terminated by a communications error or a FINS command (i.e., FINS/TCP
CONNECTION REMOTE NODE CHANGE REQUEST).
15
14
13
12
11
10
09
08
07
06
05 04
03
02
01
00
n+24
*: Bit 15 corresponds to connection No. 16, bit 00 to connection No. 1, etc.
Note
FINS/TCP
Communications
Procedure
The starting word of the FINS/TCP Connection Status Area is different in the
CS1W-ETN21 and CJ1W-ETN21 Ethernet Units; it is n+23 in the Ethernet
Units. If a ladder program using FINS/TCP communications was created for
Ethernet Units, and is being reused for EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports, change the word starting word address for this area from n+23 to
n+24.
With FINS/TCP, FINS node addresses are exchanged immediately after a
connection is established. This makes it possible to determine the FINS node
addresses to which the 16 connection numbers, and to manage them in an
internal table.
Personal computer
(Client)
Ethernet/IP Unit
(Server)
Example:
IP address S
FINS node number B
Example:
IP address C
FINS node number A
Passive open
Active open
Connection request (C→S)
Connection established
Connection established
Local node No. sent
Connection established
FINS node number A sent
Remote node No. received
FINS node numbers exchanged
Remote node No. received
FINS node number B sent
FINS frame sent
Local node No. sent
FINS frame sent
Full duplex communications
Normal data communications
After a connection has been established as a FINS/TCP server, it is terminated in the following ways.
• When the connection is closed by the client.
• When a FINS command to close the connection (FINS/TCP CONNECTION REMOTE NODE CHANGE REQUEST) is sent by the client.
• When there is no response from the client when the keep-alive function is
in effect.
208
Section 8-3
FINS/TCP Method
After a connection has been established as a FINS/TCP client, it can be terminated in the following ways.
• If the connection is closed by the server.
• If there is no response from the client when the keep-alive function is in
effect.
Even if the connection is closed at the FINS/TCP client, requests continue to
be made to the FINS/TCP server every few seconds to open a connection.
Note
After the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is powered up or
restarted, the IP address for the connection used as the FINS/TCP client is
the remote IP address that was set in the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the CX-Programmer’s Edit Parameters Dialog Box. To dynamically change the remote IP
address (i.e., during CPU Unit operation), execute the CMND(490) instruction
in the ladder program and send a FINS command (FINS/TCP CONNECTION
REMOTE NODE CHANGE REQUEST; command code: 27 30 hexadecimal)
to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Procedure for Using FINS/TCP
1,2,3...
1. Make the basic settings.
Refer to Initial Settings in 3-1-1 Procedures.
2. Make the following settings on the FINS/TCP Tab Page of the CX-Programmer's Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
• FINS/TCP port (default: 9600)
• Server/Client: Specifies whether the connection will operate in FINS/
TCP server mode or client mode.
• Target IP address for client: Specifies the IP address of the target
FINS/TCP server.
• Target IP address for server: Specifies allowed client IP addresses
when protection is enabled.
• Automatically allocated FINS node address for server: Specifies the
address to allocate when automatically allocating a FINS node address to the target FINS/TCP client.
• Keep-alive: Specified whether to use the keep-alive function.
Note
Normally this function is used and the option is selected.
• Enable protect via IP address:
Note
Select this option only when protecting as the server.
3. Select Transfer to PLC from the PLC Menu and click the Yes Button. The
setting data will be transferred to the CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area in
the CPU Unit.
4. Make the routing table settings and transfer them to each PLC. (See note
1.)
Set the routing tables with CX-Integrator, and transfer it to each PLC.
5. Create a ladder program that includes the SEND(090), RECV(098), and
CMND(490) instructions.
Note
(1) Routing tables are required in the following situations:
• When communicating with a PLC or computer on another network
(e.g., remote programming or monitoring using FINS messages or a
CX-Programmer)
• When multiple Communications Units are mounted to a single PLC
(i.e., CPU Unit)
209
FINS/TCP Method
Section 8-3
• When routing tables are used for one or more other nodes on the same
network
It is not necessary to set routing tables if one Communications Unit is
mounted to the PLC and the nodes are connected as one network.
(2) If EtherNet/IP is selected for CX-Programmer communications, FINS
message communications and remote programming/monitoring from the
CX-Programmer will be possible as long as CIP routing is possible for the
entire communications path. Routing tables do not need to be set. If FINS
messages are sent from a PLC, however, then routing tables must be set.
210
Section 8-4
Routing Tables
8-4
Routing Tables
When the FINS communications service is used, routing tables must be created in advance. Routing tables are required in the following circumstances.
• When communicating with a PLC or computer on another network (e.g.,
remote programming or monitoring using FINS messages or a CX-Programmer)
• When multiple Communications Units are mounted to a single PLC (i.e.,
CPU Unit).
• When routing tables are used for one or more other nodes on the same
network.
It is not necessary to set routing tables if one Communications Unit is
mounted to the PLC and the nodes are connected as one network. The routing tables are required not only for nodes communicating via the FINS communications service but also for all relay nodes on the network.
8-4-1
Routing Table Overview
The routing tables describe the transmission path for FINS messages when
the FINS communications are used. It consists of two tables: A local network
table and a relay network table.
Local Network Table
The local network table is a table describing the correspondences among unit
numbers of the Communications Units and Boards mounted to each node.
Example
Unit #04
Unit #05
Unit #06
Unit #07
Local Network Table
Local network Unit number
address
Network #1
Network #2
Network #3
Network #4
Note
1
2
3
4
04
05
06
07
1. The unit number is set (0 to F: 1 to 15) using the rotary switch on the front
of the EtherNet/IP Unit (built-in port).
2. The network address is the number of the network (1 to 127) to which the
Communications Unit or Board is connected. It is set when the local network table is created.
Relay Network Table
A relay table is a table that shows the nodes to which data should be sent first
in order to send data to a network that is not connected to the local node. It
shows the correspondence between the address of the final destination network, and the network address and node address of the first relay point of the
path to reach there. When internetwork communications are carried out, the
end network can be reached by following the relay points.
211
Section 8-4
Routing Tables
The following example shows routing tables for sending data from PLC #1
(the local node: network address 1, node address 1) to PLC #4 (the destination node: network address 3, node address 2).
PLC #3
(relay node)
PLC #2 (relay node)
PLC #1 (local node)
Node #1
Node #2
Unit #0
Node #1
Unit #1
Node #3
Node #2
PLC #4 (destination node)
Node #2
Node #1
PLC #1
relay network table
PLC #2
relay network table
End
Relay
Relay
network network node
End
Relay
Relay
network network node
2
1
3
3
1
3
3
Note
8-4-2
2
2
To go to network #3,
first go to node #2 at
network #2.
To go to network #3,
first go to node #3 at
network #1.
Network #3
Network #2
Network #1
End network
PLC #3
local network table
Local
network
address
Unit
number
2
0
3
1
(To go to network #3 (The network is the same,
according to the local so go to node #2 at network #3.)
network table, go
through unit
number 1 of the local
CPU Rack.)
In the above example, the routing tables required for a message to reach PLC
#4 from PLC #1 are shown. Additional settings would be required in the routing tables for a message to reach PLC #1 from PLC #4. Refer to 8-4-3 Routing Table Setting Examples for routing table setting examples.
Connecting and Using a Peripheral Device for the PLC
Routing tables must be created by a CX-Integrator connected to the PLC.
(They cannot be created using a Programming Console.) For details on how
to connect and use the CX-Integrator, refer to the CX-Integrator Operation
Manual (W445). (CX-Integrator is automatically installed when CX-One is
installed.)
Note
1. When routing tables are transferred from the CX-Integrator to the PLC, all
of the CPU Bus Unit are reset so that the routing tables that have been created can be read and enabled. Before transferring the routing tables, confirm that there will be no problems in the system when the CPU Bus Units
are reset.
2. To transfer routing tables for multiple nodes to a PLC in one batch, connect
the CX-Integrator to a PLC with only one Communications Unit mounted.
Routing tables cannot be transferred to other nodes from a PLC with multiple Communications Units mounted.
3. Routing tables can only be transferred as a batch to multiple nodes within
the same network as the PLC to which the CX-Integrator is connected.
212
Section 8-4
Routing Tables
8-4-3
Routing Table Setting Examples
■
Example 1: Local Network Table for a PLC With Multiple Units Mounted
This example shows the local network table settings for a PLC to which multiple CPU Bus Units are mounted.
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP) network
Controller Link network
(Network #A)
(Network #B)
PS:
CPU:
EIP:
CLK:
E C C P
I L P S
P K U
Power Supply Unit
CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
Controller Link Unit
Unit #a Unit #b
Local Network Table
No.
1
2
■
Local
network
A
B
CPU Bus
Unit
a
b
Example 2: Three Interconnected Networks
This example shows the relay network table settings for three different interconnected networks.
Relay Network Table
PLC #1
Node #a
Network #A
PLC #2
Node #b
Node #c
PLC #3
Network #B
Node #d
PLC #4
Node #e
Node #f
Network #C
PLC #5
No.
End
network
Relay
network
1
2
B
C
A
A
b
b
1
C
B
e
1
2
A
C
B
B
c
e
1
A
B
c
1
2
A
B
C
C
f
f
Node
Node #g
In the table for PLC #3, for example, if network #A is taken as the end network, then network #B becomes the relay network and node #c becomes the
relay node. If network #C is taken as the end network, then network #B still
becomes the relay network and node #e becomes the relay node.
213
Section 8-4
Routing Tables
■
Example 3: All Nodes
This example uses the following configuration to show the routing tables for all
nodes.
Unit #5
Node #6
Unit #3
Node #4
Unit #2
Node #3
Network #20
C
L
K
E
I
P
CE
L I PLC
KP 2
PLC
4
Unit #0
Node #1
C
L
K
CPU Bus
Unit No.
05
CPU Bus
Unit No.
03
02
PLC #3 Routing Table
(Local network table)
Local
No. network
1
010
2
030
3
CPU Bus
Unit No.
04
07
PLC #4 Routing Table
(Local network table)
Local
No. network
1
020
2
3
CPU Bus
Unit No.
00
PLC #5 Routing Table
(Local network table)
Local
No. network
1
020
2
3
CPU Bus
Unit No.
01
PLC #6 Routing Table
(Local network table)
Local
No. network
1
030
2
3
CPU Bus
Unit No.
05
PLC #7 Routing Table
(Local network table)
Local
No. network
1
030
2
3
214
CPU Bus
Unit No.
06
S
L
K
Unit #1
Node #2
PLC #2 Routing Table
(Local network table)
Local
No. network
1
010
2
020
3
ES
I L
PK
PLC
5
PLC #1 Routing Table
(Local network table)
Local
No. network
1
010
2
3
PLC
1
Network #10
Unit #4
PLC Node #5
Unit #7
3
Node #15
Network #30
S
L
K
PLC
6
Unit #5
Node #5
PLC
7
Unit #6
Node #10
(Relay network table)
End
No. network
1
020
030
2
3
Relay
network
010
010
Relay
node
004
005
(Relay network table)
End
No. network
1
030
2
3
Relay
network
010
Relay
node
005
(Relay network table)
End
No. network
1
020
2
3
Relay
network
010
Relay
node
004
(Relay network table)
End
No. network
1
010
030
2
3
Relay
network
020
020
Relay
node
003
003
(Relay network table)
End
No. network
1
010
2
030
3
Relay
network
020
020
Relay
node
003
003
(Relay network table)
End
No. network
1
010
020
2
3
Relay
network
030
030
Relay
node
015
015
(Relay network table)
End
No. network
1
010
020
2
3
Relay
network
030
030
Relay
node
015
015
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
8-5
Using FINS Applications
8-5-1
CX-Programmer (CX-Server)
The following examples show how to connect online from a CX-Programmer
on an Ethernet network to a PLC on the Ethernet network.
■
System Configuration Example 1: No Routing
In this example, an online connection is made by FINS/UDP to a PLC on an
Ethernet network (PLC1 in the diagram below) from a CX-Programmer/CXIntegrator connected to the Ethernet network.
Conditions
• FINS/UDP method
• IP Address Conversion: Automatic (Dynamic) generation method
CX-Programmer/CX-Integrator
Node number: 1
IP address: 192.168.250.1
EtherNet/IP Unit
IP address conversion: Automatic
generation method (dynamic)
EtherNet/IP Unit node number: 2
EtherNet/IP Unit IP address: 192.168.250.2
Ethernet port
Target: PLC1
Ethernet or EtherNet/IP (Network address: None)
FINS/UDP method
CX-Programmer's Change PLC Dialog Box
Settings for target PLC (PLC1)'s Change PLC Dialog Box
PLC name
Network classification
Network Tab Page
FINS transmission source address
FINS destination
Network number
Node address
Frame length
Response monitor time
Driver Tab Page
Workstation node address
Automatic generation method
IP address
Port number
Setting
PLC1
Ethernet
0
0
2
2,000 bytes
2 seconds
1
Not selected
192.168.250.2 (EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP
port IP address)
9600
CX-Programmer's FINS/UDP Tab Page in Edit Parameters Dialog Box
Item
FINS/UDP Port
IP Address Conversion
IP Router Table
Setting
Default (9600)
Automatic (Dynamic) generation method
None
215
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
Example: Inputs to the CX-Programmer's Setup Window
Example: Change PLC Settings
Example: Network Settings (Network Tab Page)
Note
216
When FinsGateway is selected as the network type, make sure that the frame
length is set to 2,000 bytes max.
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
Example: Network Settings (Driver Tab Page)
■
System Configuration Example 2: Using Routing Tables
In this example, an online connection is made via the Ethernet to a PLC on a
Controller Link network (PLC 3 below) from a CX-Programmer/CX-Integrator
connected to the Ethernet network.
Conditions
• FINS/UDP method
• IP address conversion: Automatic generation method (dynamic)
Controller
Link Unit
Node address: 1
IP address: 192.168.250.1
CX-Programmer/CX-Integrator
EtherNet/IP Unit
IP address conversion: Automatic generation method (dynamic)
Gateway between networks
PLC1
EtherNet/IP Unit node address: 2
EtherNet/IP Unit IP address: 192.168.250.2
EtherNet/IP Unit unit number: 0
Controller Link Unit node address: 1
Controller Link Unit unit number: 1
Ethernet port
Controller Link Unit
Ethernet or EtherNet/IP
(network address 1)
Target PLC
PLC2
Routing
according to
routing table
Routing to final network address 2
requires relaying through node
address 2 of relay network address
1 (EtherNet/IP Unit).
Node address 2
Controller Link Unit
PLC3
Node address 3
Controller Link (network address 2)
CX-Programmer's Change PLC Dialog Box
Settings for target PLC (PLC3)'s Change PLC Dialog Box
PLC name
Network classification
Network Tab
FINS destination
FINS transmission
Page
source address
Network number
Node address
Frame length
Response monitor time
Setting
PLC3
Ethernet
1
2
3
2,000 bytes
2 seconds
217
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
Settings for target PLC (PLC3)'s Change PLC Dialog Box
Driver Tab Page
Workstation node address
Automatic generation method
IP address
Setting
1
Not selected
192.168.250.2 (EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP
port IP address)
9600
Port number
CX-Programmer's FINS/UDP Tab Page in Edit Parameters Dialog Box
Same as for System Configuration Example 1.
Routing Table Settings and Transfer to Each PLC
Set the routing tables with CX-Integrator, and transfer them.
1. Using CX-Integrator, connect online, and select Routing table − Settings.
Then create FINS local routing tables (a local network table and a relay
network table).
Example: PLC 1 Routing Table Settings
• Local Network Table
Unit number
0
1
Local network number
1
2
• Relay Network Table
None
Example: PLC 2 and PLC 3 Routing Table Settings
• Local Network Table
Unit number
0
Local network number
2
• Relay Network Table
In order to relay from PLC2/3 to the final network number 1, it is necessary
to relay via node address 1 (i.e., the Controller Link Unit) on relay network
number 2.
Final network number
1
Relay network number
2
Relay node address
1
2. Save the routing table file (File - Save local routing table file).
3. Next, to connect online, select Communication Settings from the Network Menu. For each PLC, register a PLC with a direct serial connection
(node address: 0), and select it.
4. With the CX-Integrator, select Work Online from the Network Menu.
5. Select Tools - Start Routing table, read the saved file, and select Options - Transfer to PLC. Click Yes to transfer the routing tables to the connected PLC.
218
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
8-5-2
FinsGateway
FinsGateway Ver. 2003 must be used to communicate using FINS/TCP
between applications serving as communications drivers and CS1W-EIP21,
CJ1W-EIP21, [email protected]@-EIP, or [email protected] EtherNet/IP Units.
FinsGateway Ver. [email protected] or lower versions can be used, however, when communicating by the FINS/UDP method only.
■
Overview of Setup Methods
1. Starting FinsGateway Settings
Select FinsGateway − FinsGateway Setup to start the FinsGateway Setup.
2. ETN_UNIT Driver Setup
1. Double-click on ETN_UNIT in the settings for the network and Unit. The
following ETN_UNIT Properties Window will be displayed.
• Network Tab Page
• Network number
• Local node address
• Communication unit number
Set the network number for the personal computer
(Ethernet port).
Set the personal computer (Ethernet port) node
address (1 to 254) on the Ethernet network.
Set the unit number in decimal (16 to 31) for the personal computer (Ethernet port).
219
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
• Communication Unit Tab Page
• UDP port number
Set the local UDP port number for the personal computer (Ethernet port). The default is 9600.
• Priority Network Card
If multiple Network Cards are mounted at the personal
computer, select the Network Card that is to be given
priority.
• FINS - IP address conver- Set the IP address conversion method.
sion
• UDP Nodes Tab Page: Automatic Generation Method (Dynamic or Passive)
220
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
• UDP Nodes Tab Page: IP Address Table Method or Combined Method
Click the Add Button, and then set the IP address table in the following Ethernet Node Definition Dialog Box.
• Node address:
• IP address:
Set the remote FINS node address.
Set the remote IP address.
221
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
• TCP Nodes Tab Page
Click the Add Button, and then set the IP address table in the following Ethernet Node Definition Dialog Box.
• Node address:
• IP address:
• Destination port number:
• Keep-alive setting:
Set the remote FINS node address.
Set the remote IP address.
Set the FINS/TCP port number for the remote node.
Normally the PLC's default setting of 9600 should be
specified.
Sets the keep-alive function. Normally this should be
selected.
3. Starting FinsGateway ETN_UNIT Service
Select ETN_UNIT from Services under the Basic Tab in the FinsGateway
Setup Window, and then click the Start Button.
222
Section 8-5
Using FINS Applications
■
System Configuration Example 3: Connecting the CX-Programmer Online
Using the FINS/TCP Method
In this example, an online connection is made by FINS/TCP to a PLC on an
Ethernet network (PLC1 in the diagram below) from a CX-Programmer/CXIntegrator connected to the Ethernet network.
Conditions
• FINS/TCP method
CX-Programmer/CX-Integrator
Node number: 1
IP address: 192.168.250.1
EtherNet/IP Unit
IP address conversion: Automatic generation method (dynamic)
EtherNet/IP Unit node number: 2
EtherNet/IP Unit IP address: 192.168.250.2
FinsGateWay Version 2003
Ethernet port
Target: PLC1
Ethernet or EtherNet/IP (Network number: none)
FINS/TCP method
CX-Programmer's Change PLC Dialog Box
Settings for target PLC (PLC1)'s Change PLC Dialog Box
PLC name
Network classification
Network Tab
FINS destination
Network number
Page
Node address
Frame length
Response monitor time
Setting
PLC1
FinsGateway
0
2
2,000 bytes
2 seconds
CX-Programmer's FINS/TCP Tab Page in Edit Parameters Dialog Box
Item
FINS/TCP Port
IP Router Table
Setting
Default (9600)
None
Not set. (All defaults are used.)
FinsGateway ETN_UNIT Setup
TCP Nodes Tab Page: Ethernet Node Definition Dialog Box
Item
Node address
IP address
Destination port number
Keep-alive setting
Setting
2
192.168.250.2
9600
Selected (yes)
223
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
FINS commands can be sent from the CPU Unit of a PLC by using the
SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) instructions.
SEND(090): Writes I/O data from the local node to another node.
RECV(098): Reads I/O data from another node to the local node.
CMND(490): Issues FINS commands for controlling operations such as sending and receiving I/O memory data to and from other nodes, reading information regarding other nodes, and so on.
8-6-1
Communications Specifications
The following table shows the specifications for PLC communications using
the SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) instructions.
Item
Destination
Data length
Data contents
Communications
port number
Response monitor time
Number of retries
Note
Specifications
1:1
SEND(090), RECV(098), CMND(490) instructions
1:N
SEND(090), CMND(490) instructions (broadcasting)
SEND(090):
990 words (1,980 bytes) max.; broadcasting:
727 words (1,454 bytes)
RECV(098):
990 words (1,980 bytes) max.
CMND(490):
1,990 bytes max.; broadcasting: 1,462 bytes (after FINS command code)
The following data is sent and received with the execution of
each instruction.
SEND(090):
Sends request for remote node to receive data, and receives
response data.
RECV(098):
Sends request for remote node to send data, and receives
response data.
CMND(490):
Sends any FINS command and receives response data.
Ports 0 to 7 (Eight transmissions can occur simultaneously.)
0000:
2 s (default)
0001 to FFFF:
0.1 to 6,553.5 s in 0.1-s increments (specified by user)
0 to 15 retries
1. The maximum data length is limited to 512 bytes for data exchange between the PLC and SYSMAC LINK Systems or the PLC and SYSMAC
BUS/2 Remote I/O Systems.
2. When broadcasting, do not require a response.
Use the FINS/UDP method for broadcasting.
224
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
8-6-2
PLC Communications Data Areas
The following table shows the I/O data areas involved when SEND(090) and
RECV(098) are used.
Area
CIO Area
Work Area
Holding Area
Auxiliary Area
Timer Area
Counter Area
DM Area
EM Area
Note
Range
CIO 0000 to CIO 6143
W000 to W511
H000 to H1535
A000 to A959 (See note 1.)
TIM0000 to 4095
CNT0000 to 4095
D00000 to D32767
E00000 to E32767 (See note 2.)
1. Data cannot be written to words A000 to A447 in the Auxiliary Area.
2. A maximum of 13 banks in the EM Area can be used for a CS1/CJ1 CPU
Unit. A maximum of 25 banks in the EM Area can be used for a CJ2H CPU
Unit. A maximum of 4 banks in the EM Area can be used for a CJ2M CPU
Unit. For details regarding the EM Area, refer to the operation manual for
the PLC that is used. Refer to the operation manual for your CPU Unit to
confirm EM Area support.
225
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
8-6-3
Using SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490)
Make the settings shown below when using the SEND(090), RECV(098), and
CMND(490) instructions in the user’s ladder-diagram program in the PC.
SEND(090)
The SEND(090) instruction sends the data in n number of words, starting from
the beginning word S at the local node, to the words starting from the beginning word D at the remote destination node (node address N).
15
S→
Destination node number N
0
15
D→
n
Local node
0
Number
of words
(n)
(@)SEND(90)
S
D
C
S: Local node beginning word
D: Destination beginning word
C: First word of control data (below)
15
15
0
C+3
C
10
0
15
11
0
8 7
11
8 7
0
0
0
Response
0: Required.
1: Not required.
Destination network number
00 (Hex):
Local network
01 to 7F (Hex): 1 to 127
15
3
0
Number of retries
0 to F (Hex): 0 to 15 retries
Communications port number: 0 to 7
Number of words (n)
0001 to 03DE (Hex): 1 to 990 words
C+1
8 7
0
C+2
C+4
Destination unit address
00 (Hex):
10 to 1F: (Hex):
E1 (Hex):
FE (Hex):
CPU Unit
Unit #0 to #15
Inner Board
Unit connected to network
Response monitor time
0000 (Hex): 2 s
0001 to FFFF (Hex): 0.1 to 6,553.5 s
(in units of 0.1 s)
Destination node number N
00 to FE (Hex): 0 to 254
The same data can be broadcast to all nodes on the network by
setting the destination node number to FF (Hex).
The range of node addresses is different for networks other than Ethernet.
Note
226
The message service does not guarantee that a message will reach the destination node. A message may be lost during transmission due to factors such
as noise. To prevent this from occurring when using message services, it is
common to set up retry processing at the node from which instructions are
issued. With the SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) instructions, retry
processing is executed automatically by specifying the number of retries, so
specify a number other than 0.
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
RECV(098)
With the RECV(098) instruction, the data in m number of words, starting from
the beginning word S at the remote node (node address M) is received at the
words starting from the beginning word D at the local node.
Local node
15
D→
Remote node number N
0
0
15
S→
Number
of words
(m)
m
(@)RECV(98)
S
D
C
S: Remote node beginning word
D: Local beginning word
C: First word of control data (below)
15
15
0
C+3
C
10
0
15
11
0
8 7
15
11
8 7
0
0
0
Response
0: Required.
1: Not required.
Destination network number
00 (Hex):
Local network
01 to 7F (Hex): 1 to 127
C+2
3
0
Number of retries
0 to F (Hex): 0 to 15 retries
Communications port number: 0 to 7
Number of reception words (m)
0001 to 03DE (Hex): 1 to 990 words
C+1
8 7
0
C+ 4
Destination Unit address
00 (Hex):
CPU Unit
10 to 1F: (Hex): Unit #0 to #15
E1 (Hex):
Inner Board
FE (Hex):
Unit connected to network
Response monitor time
0000 (Hex): 2 s
0001 to FFFF (Hex): 0.1 to 6,553.5 s
(in units of 0.1 s)
Remote node number M (send source)
00 to FE (Hex): 0 to 254
The range of node addresses is different for networks other than Ethernet.
Note
The message services function does not guarantee that a message will reach
the destination node. A message may be lost during transmission due to factors such as noise. In order to prevent this from occurring when using message services, it is common to set up retry processing at the node from which
instructions are issued. With the SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490)
instructions, retry processing is executed automatically by specifying the number of retries, so specify a number other than 0.
227
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
CMND(490)
The CMND(490) instruction sends n bytes of command data, starting from the
beginning word S at the local node, to the node at node address N. the data in
m number of words, starting from the beginning word S at the remote node
(node address M) is received at the words starting from the beginning word D
at the local node.
15
Local node
0
Destination node number N
S
Command
(S−1)
n
+−
2
Command
data: n
bytes
Interpretation
Response
D
(D−1)
m
+−
2
Execution
Response
data: m
bytes
(@)CMND(490)
S
S: Beginning command storage word
D
D: Beginning response storage word
C
C: First word of control data (below)
15
0
C
Number of bytes of command data (n)
0000 to 07C6 (Hex): 1 to 1,990 bytes
15
0
C+1
Number of bytes of response data (m)
0000 to 07C6 (Hex): 1 to 1,990 bytes
15
C+2
11
0
8 7
15
0
0
C+4
10
15
8 7
0
3
0
0
Number of retries
0 to F (Hex): 0 to 15 retries
Communications port number: 0 to 7
Destination network number
00 (Hex):
Local network
01 to 7F (Hex): 1 to 127
C+3
8 7
0
Response
0: Required.
1: Not required.
Destination Unit address
00 (Hex):
CPU Unit
15
10 to 1F: (Hex): Unit #0 to #15
C+5
E1 (Hex):
Inner Board
FE (Hex):
Unit connected to network
Destination node number N
00 to FE (Hex):
0 to 254
The same data can be broadcast to all nodes on the network by
setting the destination node number to FF (Hex).
10
8 7
3
0
Response monitor time
0000 (Hex): 2 s
0001 to FFFF (Hex): 0.1 to 6,553.5 s
(in units of 0.1 s)
The range of node addresses is different for networks other than Ethernet.
Note
228
The message services function does not guarantee that a message will reach
the destination node. A message may be lost during transmission due to factors such as noise. In order to prevent this from occurring when using message services, it is common to set up retry processing at the node from which
instructions are issued. With the SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490)
instructions, retry processing is executed automatically by specifying the number of retries, so specify a number other than 0.
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
Commands Addressed to CS/CJ-series CPU Units
The following table provides a list of FINS commands that can be processed
by a CS/CJ-series CPU Unit. For details, refer to the CS/CJ-series Programmable Controllers Communications Commands Reference Manual (W342).
For details on FINS commands that can be processed by the EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port, refer to Appendix E FINS Commands Addressed
to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports.
Usage
Command
code
MR
SR
01
01
MEMORY AREA READ
01
02
MEMORY AREA WRITE
01
03
MEMORY AREA FILL
01
04
MULTIPLE MEMORY AREA READ
01
05
MEMORY AREA TRANSFER
02
01
PARAMETER AREA READ
02
02
PARAMETER AREA WRITE
02
03
PARAMETER AREA FILL (CLEAR)
03
03
03
04
06
07
08
01
PROGRAM AREA READ
PROGRAM AREA WRITE
PROGRAM AREA CLEAR
RUN
04
02
STOP
Machine configura- 05
tion reading
05
01
02
CPU UNIT DATA READ
CONNECTION DATA READ
Status reading
06
06
01
20
CPU UNIT STATUS READ
CYCLE TIME READ
Time data access
07
01
CLOCK READ
07
02
CLOCK WRITE
Message display
09
20
MESSAGE READ/CLEAR
Access rights
0C
01
ACCESS RIGHT ACQUIRE
0C
02
ACCESS RIGHT FORCED ACQUIRE
0C
03
ACCESS RIGHT RELEASE
21
21
21
01
02
03
ERROR CLEAR
ERROR LOG READ
ERROR LOG POINTER CLEAR
I/O memory area
access
Parameter access
(registered I/O
tables, routing
tables, etc.)
Program area
access
Operating mode
changes
Error log
Name
Function
Reads the contents of consecutive I/O
memory area words.
Writes the contents of consecutive I/O
memory area words.
Writes the same data to the specified
range of I/O memory area words.
Reads the contents of specified nonconsecutive I/O memory area words.
Copies the contents of consecutive I/O
memory area words to another I/O
memory area.
Reads the contents of consecutive
parameter area words.
Writes the contents of consecutive
parameter area words.
Writes the same data to the specified
range of parameter area words.
Reads the UM (User Memory) area.
Writes to the UM (User Memory) area.
Clears the UM (User Memory) area.
Changes the CPU Unit’s operating
mode to RUN or MONITOR.
Changes the CPU Unit’s operating
mode to PROGRAM.
Reads CPU Unit data.
Reads the model numbers of the device
corresponding to addresses.
Reads the status of the CPU Unit.
Reads the maximum, minimum, and
average cycle time.
Reads the present year, month, date,
minute, second, and day of the week.
Changes the present year, month, date,
minute, second, or day of the week.
Reads and clears messages, and reads
FAL/FALS messages.
Acquires the access right as long as no
other device holds it.
Acquires the access right even if
another device already holds it.
Releases the access right that has been
acquired.
Clears errors or error messages.
Reads the error log.
Clears the error log pointer.
229
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
Usage
File memory
Debugging
8-6-4
Command
code
MR
SR
22
22
01
02
22
03
22
22
04
05
22
07
22
22
08
0A
22
0B
22
0C
22
23
15
01
23
02
Name
Function
FILE NAME READ
SINGLE FILE READ
Reads file memory data.
Reads a specified length of file data
from a specified position within a single
file.
SINGLE FILE WRITE
Writes a specified length of file data
from a specified position within a single
file.
FILE MEMORY FORMAT
Formats (initializes) the file memory.
FILE DELETE
Deletes specified files stored in the file
memory.
FILE COPY
Copies files from one file memory to
another file memory in the same system.
FILE NAME CHANGE
Changes a file name.
MEMORY AREA–FILE TRANSFER
Transfers or compares data between
the I/O memory area and the file memory.
PARAMETER AREA–FILE TRANSFER Transfers or compares data between
the parameter area and the file memory.
PROGRAM AREA–FILE TRANSFER
Transfers or compares data between
the UM (User Memory) area and the file
memory.
CREATE/DELETE DIRECTORY
Creates or deletes a directory.
FORCED SET/RESET
Force-sets or force-resets bits, or
releases force-set status.
FORCED SET/RESET CANCEL
Cancels all bits that have been force-set
or force-reset.
Writing Programs
Programs incorporating the SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490)
instructions are generally created using the Communications Port Enabled
Flag and the Communications Port Error Flag as input conditions. CS/CJseries CPU Units have eight communications ports. Only one instruction can
be executed at any given port at one time, however, so the program must not
overlap the use of any of the ports. A program example is provided below.
Communications port
EtherNet/IP Unit
CPU Unit
Instruction 1
Instruction 2
Instruction 3
Instruction 4
Instruction 5
Instruction 6
Instruction 7
Instruction 8
There are eight communications ports, so up to eight
communications instructions can be executed at a time. The
number of messages that can be sent or received with a
single CPU Bus Unit service, though, is not more than two
each for the CPU Unit to the EtherNet/IP Unit and for the
EtherNet/IP Unit to the CPU Unit.
230
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
Communications
Port Enabled Flag
Execution
condition
C
KEEP(011) A
Input A remains ON from start to completion of communications instruction.
Operand,
control data
created with
@MOV and
@XFER.
Creates operand and control data in a given
area.
Reset B
A
Communications
instructions
@SEND
@RECV
@CMND
Executes communications instructions.
Communications
Port Enabled Flag
A
DIFU(013) B
Creates reset input. (Turns reset B ON
after execution of communications instruction.)
Communications
Port Error Flag
A
Send Error Flag display
(Retry can be executed.)
Execution
condition
Communications
Port Enabled Flag
Exclusive control so execution is not simultaneous.
A
KEEP(011) C
Use exclusive control so that no other communications instructions are started before execution of the
above communications instruction is complete.
Reset D
(Continued in same way.)
The execution status of the SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) instructions is always reflected by the communications flags (i.e., the Communications Port Enabled Flag and the Communications Port Error Flag). The CS/
CJ-series CPU Unit’s communications flags are allocated in the Auxiliary Area
as shown in the following table.
Flag name
Word
Communications Port A202
Enabled Flag
Communications Port A219
Error Flag
Note
Address
Bits
Bit 7: Port 7
Bit 6: Port 6
Bit 5: Port 5
Bit 4: Port 4
Bit 3: Port 3
Bit 2: Port 2
Bit 1: Port 1
Bit 0: Port 0
Bit 7: Port 7
Bit 6: Port 6
Bit 5: Port 5
Bit 4: Port 4
Bit 3: Port 3
Bit 2: Port 2
Bit 1: Port 1
Bit 0: Port 0
Contents
OFF: Execution enabled
(being executed)
ON: Execution disabled
(not being executed)
0: Normal completion
1: Abnormal completion
In CS/CJ-series PLCs, communications ports 0 to 7 are also used when executing the PCMR(260) (PROTOCOL MACRO), TXDU(256), and RXDU(255)
instructions, so these flags are shared by SEND(090), RECV(098),
CMND(490), PCMR(260), TXDU(256), and RXDU(255).
SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) cannot be executed at a communications port if PCMR(260) TXDU(256), or RXDU(255) is being executed at
that port.
231
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
Communications Port
Completion Codes
Section 8-6
The status of a SEND(090), RECV(098), and CMND(490) instruction after
execution is reflected as a communications port completion code, in one word
(two bytes) of data as shown in the following table. (The value is 0000 during
instruction execution.) The recorded status is saved until execution of the next
instruction.
Word
A203
A204
A205
A206
A207
A208
A209
A210
Contents
Communications Port 0 Completion Code
Communications Port 1 Completion Code
Communications Port 2 Completion Code
Communications Port 3 Completion Code
Communications Port 4 Completion Code
Communications Port 5 Completion Code
Communications Port 6 Completion Code
Communications Port 7 Completion Code
The meanings of the communications port completion codes are the same as
those for FINS commands and responses. Bits 08 to 15 in the communications port completion code correspond to the first byte of the response code,
and bits 00 to 07 correspond to the second byte. For details, refer to 14-6
Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes.
Communications Port Error Flag and Completion Codes CMND(490)
Errors that occur when CMND(490) is used generate a Communications Port
Error Flag and are recorded in a communications port completion code only in
the following cases:
• When a response timeout error has occurred.
• When the number of communications data bytes exceeds the maximum
value for the Unit (i.e., 2,000 bytes for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port).
• When the actual number of response bytes is greater than the number of
reception bytes that has been set. (The response is not stored in this
case.)
Errors other than these are recorded in the response codes of the responses
stored from the beginning response storage word onwards. Be careful of
these, because there are no Communications Port Error Flags and they are
not recorded in a communications port completion code.
Timing of Communications Flag Changes
• The Communications Port Enabled Flag remains OFF during communications and turns ON when they are completed (regardless of whether or
not an error occurs).
• The Communications Port Error Flag retains its status until the next transmission or reception.
• The Communications Port Error Flag turns OFF with the execution of the
next communications instruction even if there was an abnormal completion.
232
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
Example
1
0
Communications Port Enabled Flag
Communications instruction:
SEND(090), RECV(098), CMND(490)
Communications Port Error Flag
Communications Port
Completion Code
Instruction 1
being executed.
Instruction 2
being executed.
Instruction 3
being executed.
0000
0000
0000
1
0
Completion
0000 (Normal completion)
0000 (Normal completion)
0202
(Unit address setting error)
233
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
8-6-5
Program Example
Execution
condition A20207
000000 (See note 1.) 120002
S
KEEP
120000
R
When the Communications Port Enabled Flag for port 7
is ON, and RECV(098) is not being executed, the send
execution program will start when execution condition
CIO 000000 turns ON.
120001
120000
@MOV(21)
#000A
D00000
Input CIO 120000 remains ON from the start of
SEND(090) execution until completion.
Control Data Creation
Word
@MOV(21)
#0002
D00001
@MOV(21)
Contents
D0000
00
0A Number of send words = 10
D0001
00
02 Destination network number = 2
D0002
04
00 Destination node number = 4
D0003
07
05 Response required.
#0400
D00002
Meaning
Destination unit address = 0
Communications port No. used = 7
@MOV(21)
#0705
D00003
Number of retries = 5
D0004
00
64 Response monitor time = 10 s
@MOV(21)
#0064
D00004
Send Data Creation
@XFER(70)
#000A
Ten words of data from word CIO 0000 is
stored from D00010 onwards.
0000
D00010
@SEND(90)
D00010
D00020
Ten words of data from D00010 at the local node is
sent to D00020 onwards at network number 2, node
number 4, unit address 0 (the PLC).
D00000
120000
A20207
(See note 1.)
DIFU(13)
120001
120000
A21907
121000
(Continued on next page.)
234
Reset Input Creation
Send Error Display
Section 8-6
Communicating between OMRON PLCs
(Continued from previous page.)
Execution
condition A20207
000001 (See note 1.) 120000
S
KEEP
120002
When the Communications Port Enabled Flag for port 7
is ON, and SEND(090) is not being executed, the transmission execution program will start when execution
condition CIO 000001 turns ON.
R
120003
120002
@MOV(21)
#0010
D00005
Input CIO 120002 remains ON from the start of
RECV(098) execution until completion.
Control Data Creation
Word
@MOV(21)
Contents
Meaning
#0003
D0005
00
10 Number of reception words = 16
D00006
D0006
00
03 Source network number = 3
D0007
20
00 Source node number = 32
Source unit address = 0
D0008
07
05 Response required.
Communications port No. used = 7
@MOV(21)
#2000
D00007
@MOV(21)
Number of retries = 5
#0705
D00008
D0009
00
00 Response monitor time = Default
@MOV(21)
#0000
D00009
@RECV(98)
A100
A total of 16 words of data beginning from word A100
at network number 3, node number 32, unit address 0
(the PLC) is received at word CIO 2000 onwards of the
local node.
2000
D00005
120002
A20207 (See note 1.)
Reset Input Creation
DIFU(13)
120003
120002
A21907
121001
120002
120003
A21907
Reception Error Display
Reception Data Processing
@XFER(70)
#0016
2000
If there is no reception processing completion error, the
16 words of data received from word CIO 2000 onwards is stored at D00040 onwards.
D00040
Note
1. With CS/CJ-series PLCs, the Communications Port Enabled Flags at bits
0 to 7 in word A202 turn OFF even when the PCMR(260) instruction is being executed using the ports corresponding to those flags.
2. Before using the sample program as is, confirm that the memory areas
(words and bits) used in the sample program are not already being used
in the user program o r by Special I/O Units.
235
Precautions on High Traffic in FINS Communications
8-7
Section 8-7
Precautions on High Traffic in FINS Communications
When applications are constructed using FINS communications services,
communications errors (from multiple response timeouts) may occasionally
occur due to high traffic, depending on the system configuration and the application programs. This section describes precautions for systems with high
traffic in FINS communications.
■
Conditions for High Traffic
A heavy communications load may occur at an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port if FINS messages and CIP messages from multiple nodes
are concentrated on that EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. The
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port and the CPU Unit may have insufficient processing capacity for the volume of FINS messages (commands)
that are coming from the network.
For example, suppose that approximately 20 ms are required to process a
single FINS frame (i.e., 20 ms from the time that the command is received at
the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port until a response is sent). If
100 or more FINS frames (commands) are received at once from multiple
communicating nodes, it will take approximately 2 seconds to send a
response to the last command. If a timeout is set at the remote node for 2 seconds or less, then a timeout will be generated. A retry will begin due to the
timeout, and the traffic to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port will
thus be increased even further, until ultimately the responses to all the nodes
will be too slow. At this point, the system is overloaded.
■
Avoiding Errors due to High Traffic
To avoid high traffic from FINS communications, the communications load
must be kept down to a reasonable level. To accomplish this, follow the procedure below.
1. Specify the node where FINS frames seem to be concentrated.
2. Estimate the total processing time for all of the FINS frames processed at
that node. (For details, refer to 10-5-1 Maximum Transmission Delays (Excluding Delays in the Network).)
3. Set the timeout value for all of the SEND(090), RECV(098), and
CMND(490) FINS commands at all the remote nodes to at least 1.5 times
the total processing time for all of the FINS frames.
4. As much as possible, implement communications traffic testing up to the
point of actual system operation. If any problem occurs, adjust the traffic.
5. If a commercially-available protocol analyzer can be used, then the actual
FINS frame processing time (i.e., the time from when a command is received at the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port until a response
is sent) can be measured under high traffic conditions and the communications traffic can be further adjusted as required.
236
SECTION 9
Message Communications
This section describes message communications using FINS commands sent from the ladder program in the CPU Unit of
the PLC.
9-1
Sending Explicit Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending Explicit Messages Using CMND(490). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
246
9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
251
9-2-1
252
9-1-1
List of PLC Object Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
238
237
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports can send
explicit messages. Only CIP unconnected message (UCMM) communications
can be used to send explicit messages. Explicit messages can be sent to the
following destinations.
• EtherNet/IP Units made by other manufacturers
• Other PLCs with a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port
Example
CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit
Other manufacturer's
EtherNet/IP node
CS/CJ-series CPU Unit
Explicit messages can be sent
Explicit message
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit
CS/CJ-series
CPU Unit
When the destination is another company’s EtherNet/IP node, an explicit
message can be sent to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port using
FINS command code 28 01 or 28 10, through the Connection Manager
class’s Unconnected Send service, as shown in the following diagram.
CPU Unit
Explicit
message
CMND
(490)
Other company's
EtherNet/IP node
EtherNet/IP Unit
FINS
header
FINS
header
EtherNet/IP
network
Note: Use 28 01 for the
FINS command code.
FINS
header
Response
Explicit
message
FINS
header
Response
When sending an explicit message, set the local node’s EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port as the destination of the FINS command, and not the
actual destination (other company’s EtherNet/IP node). Specify the node
address of the actual destination in the command data of the explicit message
send command.
There are two ways to send an explicit message send command:
1,2,3...
1. CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND command (28 10)
Messages can be routed through multiple CIP network layers. (Messages
can be routed through 16 network levels. The explicit message send command may time out if routing is attempted for more than 16 networks.
2. EXPLICIT MESSAGE SEND command for DeviceNet Units (28 01)
This command is compatible with the DeviceNet Unit’s explicit message
send command (28 01) in the ladder program. The message must be sent
238
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
in the same network layer and the remote node’s IP address range is limited.
The following diagram shows an example of actual node address specifications.
EtherNet/IP Unit
with unit number 2
PLC's
CPU
Unit
FINS
command
CMND
S
D
C
The node address of the non-OMRON node is set as the
destination node address in the FINS command data.
15
8 7
2
0
S
S+1
8
6
0
0
Command code
1
Node 05
Explicit command block
Node address of the nonOMRON node: 06 Hex
15
C+3
8 7
0
5
0
F
E
Explicit message
Other company's
EtherNet/IP node
Destination node address: Destination unit address:
Local node address: 05
FE or 12 (Hex)
Note Depending on conditions, the destination slave may not always accept an
explicit message. Always perform retry processing when sending explicit
messages.
239
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND (28 10)
This command sends an explicit message for CIP routing to another node’s
specified class and receives a response. There are two command formats:
one with a specified route path (path to the target device), and the other without the route path.
Command Block
• Relay Hop Format
The following format includes the route path (routing service data). Specify
the entire routing path in the command’s request path.
502 bytes max.
Request path
52
28 10
Command
code
Transport
ID
02
20
06
24
Message
monitoring
time
01
Instance ID: 01 Hex
8-bit instance ID: 24 Hex
Class ID Connection Manager: 06 Hex
8-bit class ID: 20 Hex
Request path size = 2 words: 02 Hex
Service code
Unconnected Send service: 52 Hex
Routing service data
502 bytes max.
00
Message
request size
Time Out Ticks
Priority/Time Tick
Request path
(variable length)
Request path size
Service code
Request data
(variable length)
Route path
(variable length)
Padding data
(when necessary)
Routing
service data
Last hop
data
Routing
service data
Route path size
• Last Hop Format
The following format does not include the route path.
2810 Hex
Command
code
Transport
Message
ID
monitoring time
502 bytes max.
Request path size
(variable length)
Request path size
Service code
240
Request data
(variable length)
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
Response Block
The following normal response is returned to a transmitted CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND command if it was completed normally.
2810 Hex
0000 Hex
Command
code
Response
code
00
Hex
Transport No. of bytes
ID
received
502 bytes max.
00
00
Hex Hex
Service response data
(variable length)
Reserved
General status
Reserved
Service code (response)
The following response is returned if an error occurs in a transmitted CIP
UCMM MESSAGE SEND command.
2810 Hex
0000 Hex
Command
code
Response
code
Transport No. of bytes
ID
received
502 bytes max.
00
Hex
Additional status
Service
(variable length)
response data
Additional status size (variable length)
General status
Reserved
Service code (response)
The following response is returned if the CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND command could not be sent or timed out.
2810 Hex
Command
code
Response
code
(See note.)
Note: There may be additional data depending on
the response code, e.g., for a relay error.
Parameters
Transport ID (command, response):
When multiple CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND commands are being sent, the
Transport ID identifies the commands. This Transport ID is returned
unchanged in the response.
Message monitoring time (command):
Specifies the monitoring time in 10-ms units, in order to monitor the time from
the point that the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port extracts the CIP
explicit message from this command until a response is received. The monitoring time can be set between 0.01 and 655.35 s.
Service code (command, response):
In the command, this code is the service code defined for EtherNet/IP.
In the response, bit 15 of the service code specified in the command is turned
ON and the resulting value is returned.
241
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
In the routing format for rely hops, the first service code (in the routing service
data) is 52 Hex, which is the Unconnected Send service.
Request path size (command):
Specifies the number of words of data that are specified in the request path
field.
In the routing format for relay hops, the first request path size (in the routing
service data) is 02 Hex.
Request path (command):
Specifies the request path (class ID, instance ID, etc.) in bytes. If there is an
odd number of bytes, pad the last byte with a 0 so that the data is in full word
units.
In the routing format for relay hops, the first request path (in the routing service data) is 20 06 24 01 Hex (Connection Manager). For details, refer to the
description of the Route Path in Appendix D CIP Message Communications.
Request data (command):
In the command, specify the data determined by the service code.
In the response, the reception data determined by the service code will be
returned.
Priority/Time tick (command):
The timeout time specified by the Priority Time Tick is used as a base value to
specify the actual timeout value. For details, refer to the description of the Priority/Time Ticks and Time Out Ticks at the end of Appendix D CIP Message
Communications.
Time Out Ticks (command):
Specifies the base value of the timeout time. For details, refer to the description of the Priority/Time Ticks and Time Out Ticks at the end of Appendix D
CIP Message Communications.
Message request size (command):
Specifies the number of bytes of data from the second service code to the
request data. The data size is specified in LSB, MSB order.
For example, if there are 400 bytes, the data size is 0190 hex bytes, which is
entered as 90 01 hex.
Padding data (command):
If the message request size specifies an odd number of bytes, use 00 hex as
padding in the last byte. The padding data is not required if there is an even
number of bytes.
Route path size (command):
Specifies the number of words of data that are specified in the route path field.
Route path (command):
Specifies the path (route path) to the target device. For details, refer to the
description of the Route Path in Appendix D CIP Message Communications.
No. of bytes received (response):
This hexadecimal value is returned to indicate the number of bytes of data
received after the service code (response).
General status (response):
The general status defined in EtherNet/IP is returned. The normal response is
00 hex. For details, refer to the description of the Response Codes in Appendix D CIP Message Communications.
Additional status size (response):
242
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
This hexadecimal value is returned to indicate the number of words of data in
the additional status field.
Additional status (response):
The additional status defined in EtherNet/IP is returned. For details, refer to
the description of the Response Codes in Appendix D CIP Message Communications.
Service response data (response):
The reception data determined by the service code is returned.
Description
• The CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND command is used to send an EtherNet/IP-defined explicit message to another company’s node and receive
a response.
• Unlike other FINS commands, the destination of a CIP UCMM MESSAGE
SEND command’s control data is the local node’s EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port, and the actual destination node is specified in
the command’s route path.
• When an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port receives an explicit
message, it automatically returns a response to the message.
• When specifying the timeout time, the proper values are different for lasthop and relay-hop methods. With the last-hop method, set the timeout
time for the actual request service processing. With the relay-hop method,
the timeout for the relay path must be added to the timeout time for the
actual request service processing.
In CIP routing, the node/Unit performing the routing subtracts the timeout
time for 1 hop, deletes its own address from the routing information, and
relays the message to the next node/Unit.
Set the following timeout values for command processing.
The maximum number of relay nodes (Units) is 16. If the number is more
than 16, the explicit message send command may time out even if the conditions of network and each node (Unit) are normal. If more than 16 relay
nodes (Units) have been set, a constant time must be specified for the request service processing timeout time (normally 0000 hex).
• Priority Time Tick and Time Out Ticks =
(5 s × Number of relay nodes/Units) + Request processing timeout
• Message monitoring time ≥ Priority Time Tick and Time Out Ticks
• CMND(490) timeout set value = Message monitoring time
A timeout may occur sooner than the actual set value, depending on the
point where the timeout occurs in the path.
• General status = 01 hex, and Additional status = 0204 hex
A FINS timeout error response (0205 hex) may occur if the CMND(490)
timeout set value or message monitoring time is less than the Priority Time
Tick and Time Out Ticks.
Note
1. For details on the parameters of explicit messages, refer to the EtherNet/
IP and CIP specifications.
2. Acquire EtherNet/IP and CIP specifications from the ODVA.
Website: http://www.odva.org/
243
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
EXPLICIT MESSAGE SEND (28 01)
EXPLICIT MESSAGE SEND will send a DeviceNet Unit-compatible explicit
message to the specified class of another node and receive a response.
The other node is specified with the destination node address in the command. The actual destination IP address is as follows.
Destination IP address =
(Local IP address & Subnet mask)
+ Destination node address
Command Block
28
01
468 bytes max.
Command
code
Class ID
Service code
Instance ID
Service data
Destination node address
Response Block
Normal Response
28
01
00
00
Command Response No. of bytes
code
code
received
498 bytes max.
Service data
Service code
Destination node address (remote node)
Error Responses
The following response is returned if an error occurs for the explicit message.
28
01
00
00
Command Response No. of bytes
code
code
received
94
Error code
Service code 94 (Hex)
Destination node address (remote node)
The following response is returned if the explicit message cannot be sent or
times out.
28
01
Command
code
Parameters
Response
code
Destination node address (command):
The node address of the destination of the explicit message.
The node address of the local EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is
specified in the control data for the CMND(490), but the node address of the
actual destination is specified here in the FINS command. The destination
node address cannot be set to 00 hex or FF hex.
Service code (command, response):
A service code defined for EtherNet/IP. In a normal response, bit 15 of the
service code specified in the command will be turned ON and returned. In an
error response, 94 Hex will always be returned.
244
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
Class ID (command):
The class ID of the destination of the explicit message.
Instance ID (command):
The instance ID of the destination of the explicit message.
Service data (command, response):
The data defined for the services codes.
No. of bytes received (response):
The number of bytes received from the destination node address (remote
node).
Destination node address (remote node):
The node address of the OMRON Special I/O Slave Unit or Slave manufactured by another company to which the explicit message was sent is returned.
Error code (response):
An error code defined in EtherNet/IP (1-byte general status and 2-byte additional status) is returned. The data format is DeviceNet-compatible (2 bytes
total), so the returned Error Code is converted to the 1-byte general status
and a 1-byte additional status (high byte only).
Description
• The EXPLICIT MESSAGE SEND command is used to send an EtherNet/
IP-defined explicit message to another company’s node and receive a
response.
• Unlike other FINS commands, the destination of a EXPLICIT MESSAGE
SEND command’s control data is the local node’s EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port, and the actual destination node is specified in
the command’s route path.
Always specify the local node’s EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port in the CMND(490) instruction’s control data. An error will occur if another node’s Master Unit is specified as the destination.
• When an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port receives an explicit
message, it automatically returns a response to the message.
• A time of 2 s is used for request service processing timeouts.
Set the CMND(490) instruction’s timeout set value to 2 s or longer.
When there is a timeout, the error code will be 0102 hex.
When the CMND(490) instruction’s timeout set value is less than 2 s, a
FINS timeout error response of 0205 hex may occur.
Note
1. For details on the parameters of explicit messages, refer to the EtherNet/
IP specifications.
2. The Open DeviceNet Vendor Association, Inc. (ODVA) can be contacted
at the following address to obtain copies of the EtherNet/IP and CIP specifications.
ODVA Headquarters
4220 Varsity Drive, Suite A
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108-5006
USA
TEL: 1 734-975-8840
FAX: 1 734-922-0027
Email [email protected]
WEB www.odva.org
245
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
9-1-1
Sending Explicit Messages Using CMND(490)
With a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, a
CMND(490) in the CPU Unit’s ladder program can send CIP UCMM explicit
messages.
Send the CIP UCMM explicit message’s command data in a FINS command
following the 2810 hex FINS command code.
The CIP UCMM explicit message’s response is received following the
2810 hex FINS command code and the FINS completion code.
The following command is used: [ CMND
S
D
C]
S: First command word
D: First response word
C: First control data word
Command data is set in order starting with the word specified for the
CMND(490) operand S (first command word) and continuing with words with
higher addresses in I/O memory in the command block format.
Command Format Example: Get_Attribute_All Service to Identity Object
Request path
28
10
Command
code
00
05
00
DC
52
02
20
06
24
01
0A
0C
06
00
Message
request size
Transport
ID
Time Out Ticks
Service code
Unconnected Send service: 52 Hex
Priority/Time Tick
Instance ID
Request path size = 2 words: 02 Hex
8-bit class ID: 20 Hex
8-bit instance ID: 24 Hex
Class ID Connection Manager: 06 Hex
Routing service data
Request path
01
02
20
24
01
Route path
01
08
00
12
Route path
size
(8 words)
Instance ID
0D
31
39
32
2E
31
36
1
9
2
.
1
6
Route path size (13 bytes)
Ethernet port: 12 Hex
8-bit instance ID: 24 Hex
Class ID identity object
8-bit class ID
Request path size (2 words)
Service code
Get_Attribute_All service
Last hop data
Routing service data
Route path
38
2E
32
35
30
2E
32
8
.
2
5
0
.
2
Padding data
Routing service data
246
00
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
Setting the Command Data for CMND(490)
Bit
15
08 07
00
S+0
28
10
S+1
00
00
FINS command code
Transport ID
S+2
05
DC
Message monitoring time
S+3
52
02
S+4
20
06
S+5
24
01
S+6
0A
0C
Service code = 52 hex, Request path size = 02 hex
8-bit class ID = 20 hex, Class ID = 06 hex (Connection Manager)
8-bit instance ID = 24 hex (request path), Instance ID = 01 hex
Priority/Time Tick = 0A hex, Time Out Ticks = 0C hex
S+7
06
00
Message request size
S+8
01
02
S+9
20
01
S+10
24
01
S+11
08
00
S+12
12
0D
S+13
31
39
S+14
32
2E
S+15
31
36
S+16
38
2E
S+17
32
35
S+18
30
2E
S+19
32
00
Service code = 01 hex (Get_Attribute_All service), Request path size = 02 hex
8-bit class ID = 20 hex, Class ID = 01 hex (Identity Object)
Link
path
8-bit instance ID = 24 hex, Instance ID = 01 hex
Route path size = 8 words
Ethernet port = 12 hex (Extended Link Address Size = 1 hex, Ethernet port number = 2 hex), Route path size = 13 bytes
1 9
2 .
1 6
Route path
IP address
8 .
192.168.250.2
2 5
0 .
2
The response data is set in the same way, starting from the word specified for
CMND(490) operand D (first response word) and continuing with words with
higher addresses in I/O memory in the response block format.
Note Request path data or request data that is in word (2-byte) or double-word (4byte) units, such as word data and ERROR CLEAR codes, is specified from
low to high (U) bytes in command block format. For example, to specify word
data 1234 hex, specify 34 hex and then 12 hex. To specify the double word
data 12345678 hex, specify 78 hex, 56 hex, 34 hex, and then 12 hex. The
command blocks are shown in the following diagram.
Command Block
Example: 1234 hex
Example: 12345678 hex
Service Data
Service Data
The format from CMND(490) operand S onwards will be set as follows:
Example: 1234 hex
From higher byte
Bit
Example: 12345678 hex
From higher byte
Bit
From lower byte
Bit
From lower byte
Bit
Similarly, when the additional status data and service response data in the
response block is in word (2-byte) or double-word (4-byte) units, such as word
247
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
data and ERROR CLEAR codes, is also returned in the same order from low
to high bytes in the response block.
Example: Sending Explicit Messages Using CMND(490)
EtherNet/IP Unit
with unit number 0
PLC's
CPU
Unit
CMND(490)
instruction
Network address: 01 hex
Node address: 05 hex
Unit address: 10 hex
Explicit
message
EtherNet/IP node of other manufacturer
Operation
The identity object information (class ID = 01 hex) is read from the other company’s EtherNet/IP node at IP address 192.168.250.2, using the CIP UCMM
MESSAGE SEND command, 28 10. The command data is stored in the DM
Area starting at DM01000, and the response data is stored in the DM Area
starting at D02000. If the command ends with an error, the end code is stored
in D00006 and command transmission is retried.
Command Details
[CMND
S
D
C]
S = D01000: First command word
D01000 = 2810 hex
D01001 = 0000 hex
D01002 = 05DC hex
D01003 = 5202 hex
D01004 = 2006 hex
D01005 = 2401 hex
Command Code
Transport ID: 0000 hex
Message monitoring time: 15.00 s
Slave code: 52 hex (Unconnected Send)
Request path size: 2 words
Request path: 20 06 24 01 hex
(Connection Manager)
Class ID: 06 hex
Instance ID: 01 hex
Words S+6 to S+19 contain the request data.
D01006 = 0A0C hex
Priority/Time_Tick: 0A hex
Time Out Ticks: 0C hex
D01007 = 0600 hex
Message request size: 6 bytes
Words S+8 to S+10 contain the request message request.
D01008 = 0102 hex
Service: 01 hex (Get_Attribute_All)
Request path size: 2 words
Words S+9 and S+10 contain the request path.
D01009 = 2001 hex
8-bit class ID: 20 hex
Class ID: 01 hex
D01010 = 2401 hex
8-bit instance ID: 24 hex
Instance ID: 01 hex (Identity object)
Words S+11to S+19 contain the root path.
D01011 = 0800 hex
Route path size: 8 words
D01012 = 120D hex
Extended link address size = 1 hex
Route path size: 13 bytes (characters) = 0D hex
D01013 = 3139 hex
IP address: “19”
D01014 = 322E hex
IP address: “2.”
D01015 = 3136 hex
IP address: “16”
248
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
D01016 = 382E hex
D01017 = 3235 hex
D01018 = 302E hex
D01019 = 3200 hex
D = D02000:
C = D00000:
First response word at local node
First control word
D00000 = 0028 hex
D00001 = 0064 hex
D00002 = 0001 hex
D00003 = 0510 hex
D00004 = 0000 hex
D00005 = 00A0 hex
Response
IP address: “8.”
IP address: “25”
IP address: “0.”
IP address: “2”
Padding data: 00 hex
D02000 = 2801 hex
D02001 = 0000 hex
D02002 = 0000 hex
D02003 = 001D hex
D02004 = 8100 hex
D02005 = 0000 hex
Number of command bytes: 40 bytes
Number of response bytes: 100 bytes
Destination network address: 1
Destination node address: 5
Destination unit address: FE hex (or 10 hex)
Response, communications port 0, no retries
Response monitoring time: 16.0 s
Command code
FINS completion code
Transport ID
Number of bytes received: 29 bytes
Service code (response): 81 hex
Reserved: 00 hex
General status: 00 hex
Reserved: 00 hex
Words C+6 to C+18 contain the service response data.
D02006: 2F00 hex
D02007: 0C00 hex
D02008: 0C00 hex
D02009: 0101 hex
D020010: 3000 hex
D020011: 5303 hex
D020012: 0011 hex
D020013: 0A43 hex
D020014: 5331 hex
D020015: 572D hex
D020016: 4549 hex
D020017: 5032 hex
D020018: 3100 hex
249
Section 9-1
Sending Explicit Messages
Program Example
A20011
(071)
BSET #0000 D00000 D02999
000000
First Cycle Flag
Sets 0000 in D00000 to D02999.
(021)
MOV #0028 D00000
Sets 0028 in D00000. (Number of send data bytes: 40)
(021)
MOV #0064 D00001
Sets 0064 in D00001. (Number of receive data bytes: 100).
(021)
MOV #0001 D00002
Sets 0001 in D00002. (Destination network address: 01).
(021)
MOV #0510 D00003
Sets 0510 in D00003. (Destination node address: 05, destination unit address: 10)
(021)
MOV #0000 D00004
(021)
MOV #00A0 D00005
Sets 0000 in D00004.
(Response required, port number 0, number of retries = 0)
Sets 00A0 in D00005. (Response monitoring time: 16.0 s)
(021)
MOV #2810 D1000
(021)
MOV #0000 D1001
(021)
MOV #05DC D1002
(021)
MOV #5202 D1003
(021)
MOV #2006 D1004
(021)
MOV #2401 D1005
(021)
MOV #0A0C D1006
(021)
MOV #0600 D1007
(021)
MOV #0102 D1008
(021)
MOV #2001 D1009
(021)
MOV #2401 D1010
(021)
MOV #0800 D1011
Command data
Set the CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND command's command data
in words D01000 to D01019 in routing data format.
(021)
MOV #120D D1012
(021)
MOV #3139 D1013
(021)
MOV #322E D1014
(021)
MOV #3136 D1015
(021)
MOV #382E D1016
(021)
MOV #3235 D1017
(021)
MOV #302E D1018
(021)
MOV #3200 D1019
Execution
condition
000000
(021)
MOV #0001 0000
A20200
151100
Communications
Enabled Flag
Online Flag
(n+11, bit 00)
A20200
A21900
000013
000001
(490)
CMND D01000 D02000 D00000
000018
Communications
Enabled Flag
000024
250
Network Communication
Execution Error Flag
(025)
ASL 0000
(021)
MOV A203
D00006
(026)
ASR 0000
(001)
END
Moves 0001 into CIO 0000.
Sends 8 bytes of command data to destination node address 06, receives
14 bytes of response data, and stores it in the local node starting at D02000.
(D00000 is control data.)
Shifts the contents of CIO 0000 one bit to the left.
Copies the completion code (network communications error response code)
from A203 to D00006.
Shifts the contents of CIO 0000 one bit to the right and
retries in the next cycle (CIO 000000 ON).
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
The CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports are
equipped with a PLC Object that is functionally compatible with CS/CJ-series
DeviceNet Units. The Unit will receive messages addressed to the PLC
Object, process service requests addressed to the CPU Unit, and return
responses. The CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP ports
support CIP unconnected message (UCMM) communications and CIP connected (Class 3) communications as reception functions.
The following services are provided by the PLC Object.
• CPU Unit status read/write
• CPU Unit I/O memory read/write
• CPU Unit error log read/clear
Explicit messages can be received from the following sources:
• EtherNet/IP nodes made by other manufacturers
• OMRON PLCs with a CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit or a CPU Unit with a
built-in EtherNet/IP port. (Messages from CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units
and built-in EtherNet/IP ports must be CIP unconnected messages
(UCMM).)*
* Messages from CS/CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units and built-in EtherNet/IP
ports must be CIP unconnected messages (UCMM).
Example
CS/CJ-series
CS/CJ-series
EtherNet/IP Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
CS/CJ-series
CPU Unit
Explicit messages
can be sent.
CS/CJ-series
CPU Unit
Other company's
Ethernet node
Explicit message
Ethernet (EtherNet/IP)
Note For an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port with version 2.0 or higher,
change the class ID of the PLC Object from 2F hex to C4 hex.
When using a PLC Object with a DeviceNet Unit or EtherNet/IP Unit with version 1.0, and converting to EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port with a
version 2.0 or higher, the class ID must be changed according to the communications application.
251
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
9-2-1
List of PLC Object Services
PLC Objects provide the following services.
Status Read/Write for CPU Units
Services
CPU Unit Information Read
CPU Unit Write
CPU Unit Status
Read
252
Service
code
0E Hex
10 Hex
40 Hex
Class ID
C4 Hex
(2F Hex)
(See note.)
Instance ID
00 Hex
Request
service data
Attribute ID =
64 Hex
Attribute ID =
65 Hex
Attribute ID =
66 Hex
Attribute ID =
64 Hex,
Attribute Value
Attribute ID =
65 Hex
Attribute Value
None
Contents
Reads the operating mode of the
CPU Unit.
Reads if there is a fatal or non-fatal
error in the CPU Unit.
Reads CPU Unit model.
Changes the operating mode of the
CPU Unit.
Clears errors.
Reads the detailed status of the CPU
Unit.
Operation status: Stop, run, CPU
standby
Operating modes: PROGRAM, MONITOR, RUN
Fatal error information: Error flags,
including memory errors, I/O bus
errors, system errors
Messages: Message No. when MSB
instruction executed by CPU Unit
Error codes: Error code for the most
serious errors
Error messages: Messages stored in
CPU Unit when FAL/FALS instruction
executed
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
I/O Memory Read/Write for CPU Units
Service
Service
code
Byte Data Read 1C Hex
Word Data
Read
1D Hex
Class ID
Instance ID
C4 Hex
(2F Hex)
(See note.)
Specifies
area (01 Hex
to 14 Hex)
Request
service
data
Address,
No. of read
bytes
Address,
No. of read
words
Byte Data Write 1E Hex
Address,
byte data
Word Data Write 1F Hex
Address
word data
Contents
Reads the specified node data in byte units.
The word data is read in order, from high to
low bytes.
Read data: 200 bytes max.
Reads the specified node data in word
units. The word data is read in order, from
high to low bytes.
Read data: 200 bytes max.
Writes the specified node data in byte units.
The word data is specified in order, from
high to low bytes.
Write data: 200 bytes max.
Writes the specified node data in word
units. The word data is specified in order,
from high to low bytes.
Write data: 200 bytes max.
Note With a EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port with unit version 2.0 or
later, the PLC object class ID is C4 hex. (With unit version 1.0, the PLC object
class ID is F2 hex.)
The commands and responses for the explicit messages that can be sent and
received are described on the following pages.
In the following command and response formats, all boxes represent 1 byte
each.
253
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
CPU Information Read (Service Code: 0E Hex)
Reads CPU Unit information, including operating mode, fatal/non-fatal errors,
and the CPU Unit model.
Command Block
0E
C4
(2F)
(*)
00
(*)
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
Attribute ID
Class ID
Instance ID
Service Code
Note A body format of either 8 bits or 16 bits is possible.
Response Block
8E
Service Code
Attribute Value
Parameters
Service code (command, response): 0E Hex is specified for commands.
For responses, the highest bit be ON and 8E Hex will be returned.
Class ID (command): Always C4 (2F).
The class ID depends on the unit version. The class ID is C4 for unit version
2.0 or later, and 2F for unit version 1.0.
Instance ID (command): Always 00 Hex.
Attribute ID (command): The read information is specified by the attribute
ID. The attribute IDs are listed in the following table.
Attribute ID (Hex)
64
65
66
Contents
CPU Unit operating mode
CPU Unit errors
CPU Unit model
Attribute value size
1 word (2 bytes)
1 word (2 bytes)
22 bytes
• CPU Operating Mode (when Attribute ID = 64 Hex)
Reads the CPU Unit operating mode.
• CPU Unit Errors (when Attribute ID = 65 Hex)
Reads if there are any fatal or non-fatal errors in the CPU Unit.
• CPU Unit Model (when Attribute ID = 66 Hex)
Reads the CPU Unit model.
Read data (response): The specified information is returned in order.
• CPU Unit operating mode (attribute ID = 64 Hex).
The CPU Unit operating mode is returned in 1-word (2-byte) hexadecimal format, as follows:
0001 Hex: PROGRAM mode; 0002 Hex: MONITOR mode;
0004 Hex: RUN mode
PROGRAM mode
MONITOR mode
RUN mode
254
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
Note The codes for the above modes are 1-word (2-byte) data and are returned in
low byte first. For example, for PROGRAM mode, the code is returned as 01
Hex followed by 00 Hex.
• CPU Unit Errors (when Attribute ID = 65 Hex)
The CPU Unit fatal/non-fatal error data is returned in 1-word (2-byte) hexadecimal format, as follows:
01 Hex: Error; 00 Hex: No error.
1: Error
• CPU Unit Model (when Attribute ID = 66 Hex)
The CPU Unit model is returned in ASCII.
Size: 2 bytes (Always 1400 Hex) + Model: 20 bytes (fixed). Unused area is
filled with 20 Hex (spaces) and returned.
20 bytes
Byte Byte
Byte Byte Byte
Unit name
CPU Unit Write (Service Code: 10 Hex)
This PLC Object service writes CPU Unit information, including the operating
mode and clearing errors.
Command Block
10
C4
(2F)
(*)
00
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
(*)
Attribute ID
Class ID
Service Code
Attribute Value
Instance ID
Note A body format of either 8 bits or 16 bits is possible.
Response Block
90
Service Code
Parameters
Service code (command, response): 10 Hex is specified for commands.
For responses, the highest bit will turn ON and 90E Hex will be returned.
Class ID (command): Always C4 (2F).
The class ID depends on the unit version. The class ID is C4 for unit version
2.0 or later, and 2F for unit version 1.0.
Instance ID (command): Always 00 Hex.
Attribute ID (command): Information to write is specified by the attribute ID.
The attribute IDs are listed in the following table.
Attribute ID (Hex)
64
65
Contents
CPU Unit operating mode
CPU Unit errors
Attribute value size
1 word (2 bytes)
1 word (2 bytes)
255
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
• CPU Operating Mode (Attribute ID = 64 Hex)
Changes the CPU Unit operating mode.
The Attribute Values are as follows:
0001 Hex: PROGRAM mode; 0002 Hex: MONITOR mode;
0004 Hex: RUN mode
Note The specified code for the above operating modes are 1-word (2byte data, and are specified with the low byte first. For example, for
PROGRAM mode, the code is specified as 01 Hex followed by 00
Hex. Accordingly, the low to high bytes for the above codes are set
as high to low bytes in I/O memory, when setting the codes as data
for operand S of CMND(490).
• Clearing CPU Unit Errors (when Attribute ID = 65 Hex)
Clears any fatal or non-fatal errors in the CPU Unit. Sets the error clear
code to Attribute Value. The error clear codes are listed in the following
table.
Error code
(Hex)
FFFE
0008B
009A
009B
02F0
0300 to 035F
00A0 to 00A1
0500 to 055F
00E7
Data cleared
Current error (clears the highest priority error)
Interrupt task error
Basic I/O error
PLC Setup error
Inner Board non-fatal error
Special I/O Unit error
SYSMAC BUS error
Special I/O Unit settings error
I/O verification error
When registered and actual I/O tables are different
When disconnecting or connecting I/O Units
Battery error
CS/CJ-series CPU Bus Unit error (last 2 digits are binary code for
the Unit No.)
For parity errors generated when data transferred between CS/CJseries CPU Bus Unit and CPU Unit
For watchdog timer errors in CS/CJ-series CPU Bus Unit
CPU Bus settings error (last 2 digits are binary code for the Unit
No.)
System error (FAL): FAL instruction executed
00F7
0200 to 020F
0400 to 040F
4101 to 42FF
Note Error clear codes are 1-word (2-byte) data, so the above codes are
specified with the low byte first. The low to high bytes for the above
codes are set as high to low bytes in I/O memory, when setting the
codes as data for operand S of CMND(490). For example, to specify
battery error 00F7 Hex, specify the error code as F7 Hex followed by
00 Hex, as shown in the following diagram.
10
C4
(2F)
00
65
F7
00
Class ID Attribute ID
Attribute Value
Service Code
Instance ID
256
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
CPU Unit Status Read (Service Code: 40 Hex)
This PLC Object service reads status details (operation status, operating
mode, fatal and non-fatal errors, etc.) from the CPU Unit.
Command Block
40
C4
00
(2F)
(*)
(*)
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
Class ID
Service Code
Instance ID
Note A body format of either 8 bits or 16 bits is possible.
Response Block
C0
Service Code
Detailed status
Parameters
Service code (command, response): 40 Hex is specified for commands.
For responses, the highest bit will turn ON and C0 Hex will be returned.
Class ID (command): Always C4 (2F).
The class ID depends on the unit version. The class ID is C4 for unit version
2.0 or later, and 2F for unit version 1.0.
Instance ID (command): Always 00 Hex.
Read data (response): The read data is given in the following table. The data
is returned after the service code in the order shown in the table (high to low).
Operation Status
RUN mode
Fatal error information (L)
Fatal error information (H)
Non-fatal error information (L)
Non-fatal error information (H)
Message exists/does not exist (L)
Message exists/does not exist (H)
Error code (L)
Error code (H)
Error message (16 bytes)
• Operation status: Returns the operation status of the CPU Unit in 1-byte
(2-digit) hexadecimal.
The values of bits 3 to 6 are not fixed. Always mask them when addressing the status data.
257
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
Bit
7
6
-
5
-
4
-
3
-
2
1
0
Operation status
0: Stopped (User program is not being executed.)
1: Operating (User program is being executed.)
Flash memory access status (CS1H, CJ1-H, CJ1M, and CS1D only)
0: Memory is not being written.
1: Memory is being written.
Battery status (CS1H, CJ1-H, CJ1M, and CS1D only)
0: No battery
1: Battery installed
CPU status
0: Normal
1: CPU standby (waiting for SYSMAC Bus Remote I/O or other event)
Unspecified
• Operating mode: Returns the operating mode of the CPU Unit in 1-byte
(2-digit) hexadecimal.
0001 Hex: PROGRAM mode; 0002 Hex: MONITOR mode;
0004 Hex: RUN mode
• Fatal error information: Returns the fatal error information for the CPU
Unit in 2 bytes (low to high).
1: System error (FALS)
1: Cycle time over
1: Program error
1: I/O setting error
1: No. of I/O points exceeded
1: Inner Board fatal error
1: Number duplicate use error
1: I/O Bus error
1: Memory error
• Non-fatal error information: Returns the non-fatal error information for
the CPU Unit in 2 bytes (low to high).
Unspecified (reserved for system use)
1: Special I/O Unit error
1: CPU Bus settings error
1: Battery error
1: SYSMAC BUS error
1: Special I/O Unit
1: CS1-series CPU Bus Unit error
1: Inner Board error
1: I/O verification error
1: PLC system error
1: Unspecified (reserved for system use)
1: Basic I/O Unit error
1: Interrupt task error
1: Unspecified (reserved for system use)
1: System error (FAL)
258
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
• Message Exists/Does Not Exist: When the MSG instruction is executed
by the CPU Unit, the bit corresponding to the message number will turn
ON and be returned in 2 bytes (from low to high bytes).
Message No. 0 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
Message No. 1 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
Message No. 2 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
Message No. 3 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
Message No. 4 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
Message No. 5 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
Message No. 6 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
Message No. 7 (1: exists; 0: does not exist)
• Error Code: The highest priority error code of the errors existing when
the command is executed will be returned in 2-byte decimal (from low to
high bytes). If there are no errors, the error code will be 0000.
Note For information on the severity of error codes, refer to the CS1 Series
CPU Unit Operation Manual (W339) or the CJ Series CPU Unit Operation Manual (W393).
• Error Messages: If the above error codes have occurred when FAL/
FALS instructions are executed with registered messages, those messages are returned in 16-byte ASCII. If there are no registered messages
or if the error codes have not occurred due to execution of FAL/FALS
instructions, the code is returned in ASCII with 20 Hex (space) in 16
bytes.
Byte Data Read (Service Code: 1C Hex)
Byte Data Read reads any I/O memory area data in a CPU Unit. The read
word data is in byte units. The response block data is returned in low-to-high
byte order.
Command Block
1C
C4
(2F)
(*)
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
(*)
Class ID Address L No. of bytes read
Address H
Service Code
Instance ID
Note A body format of either 8 bits or 16 bits is possible.
Response Block
9C
Service Code
Word data L
Word data H
Word data L
Word data H
Read data (200 bytes max.)
Parameters
Service code (command, response): 1C Hex is specified for commands.
For responses, the highest bit will turn ON and 9C Hex will be returned.
259
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
Class ID (command): Always C4 (2F).
The class ID depends on the unit version. The class ID is C4 for unit version
2.0 or later, and 2F for unit version 1.0.
Instance ID (command): The memory area that will read the data is specified
as shown in the following table.
Instance ID (Hex)
01
03
04
05
08 to 20
CPU Unit memory area
for read
CIO
DM
WR
HR
EM, banks 0 to 18
Word range
0000 to 6143
D00000 to D32767
W000 to W511
H000 to H1535
En_00000 to En_32767
(n: 0 to 18)
Address L, Address H (command): The address of the first word from which
to read the data is specified in hexadecimal as shown below.
Address L: The lower 2 digits when the first word address is given in 4-digit
hexadecimal.
Address H: The higher 2 digits when the first word address is given in 4-digit
hexadecimal.
No of Read Bytes (command): The number of bytes of read data is specified
in 1-byte (2-digit) hexadecimal. The range is 01 to C8 Hex (1 to 200 decimal).
No. of bytes received (response): The number of bytes received from the
destination node address (remote node) is returned in hexadecimal.
Destination node address (response): The node address of the CS/CJseries EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port that returned the response
is returned in hexadecimal.
Read data (response): The specified area, word, and byte data is returned in
order from word H (high byte: bits 8 to 15) to word L (low byte: bits 0 to 7). If
an odd number is specified for the number of read bytes, the last 1 byte of
data will be read to the high word.
Important Points
The actual address L, address H, and number of read bytes that can be specified depends on the model of the CPU Unit, and the data area being read. Do
not exceed the boundary of the data areas for the PLC you are using.
Word Data Read (Service Code: 1D Hex)
Word Data Read reads I/O memory area data in a CPU Unit. The read word
data is in word units. The response block data is returned in low-to-high byte
order.
Command Block
C4
1D
(2F)
(*)
Class ID
Service
Code
(*)
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
Address L
No. of words read
Instance ID Address H
Note A body format of either 8 bits or 16 bits is possible.
260
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
Response Block
9D
Service Code
Word data H
Word data L
Word data H
Word data L
Read data (200 bytes max.)
Parameters
Service code (command, response): ID Hex is specified for commands. For
responses, the highest bit will turn ON and 9D Hex will be returned.
Class ID (command): Always C4 (2F).
The class ID depends on the unit version. The class ID is C4 for unit version
2.0 or later, and 2F for unit version 1.0.
Instance ID (command): The type of memory area that will read the data is
specified as shown in the following table.
Instance ID (Hex)
01
03
04
05
08 to 20
CPU Unit memory area
for read
CIO
DM
WR
HR
EM, banks 0 to 18
Word range
0000 to 6143
D00000 to D32767
W000 to W511
H000 to H1535
En_00000 to En_32767
(n: 0 to 18)
Address L, Address H (command): The address of the first word to read the
data from is specified in hexadecimal as shown below.
Address L: The lower 2 digits when the first word address is given in 4-digit
hexadecimal.
Address H: The higher 2 digits when the first word address is given in 4-digit
hexadecimal.
No of Read Words (command): The number of words of read data is specified in 1-byte (2-digit) hexadecimal. The range is 01 to 64 Hex (1 to 100 decimal).
Read data (response): The specified area, word, and byte data is returned in
order from word L (low byte: bits 0 to 7) to word H (high byte: bits 8 to 15).
Important Points
The actual address L, address H, and number of write data bytes that can be
specified depends on the model of the CPU Unit, and the data area being
written. Do not exceed the boundary of the data areas for the PLC you are
using.
Byte Data Write (Service Code: 1E Hex)
Byte Data Write writes data to an I/O memory area in a CPU Unit. The write
word data is in byte units. The command block is specified in high-to-low byte
order, as shown in the following diagram.
261
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
Command Block
1E
C4
(2F)
(*)
Class ID
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
(*)
Address L
Word data L
Address
H
Service Instance ID
Code
Word data H
Word data L
Word data H
Write data (200 bytes max.)
Note A body format of either 8 bits or 16 bits is possible.
Response Block
9E
Service Code
Parameters
Service code (command, response): IE Hex is specified for commands. For
responses, the highest bit will turn ON and 9E Hex will be returned.
Class ID (command): Always C4 (2F).
The class ID depends on the unit version. The class ID is C4 for unit version
2.0 or later, and 2F for unit version 1.0.
Instance ID (command): The type of memory area to which the data will be
written is specified as shown in the following table.
Instance ID (Hex)
01
03
04
05
08 to 20
CPU Unit memory area
for write
CIO
DM
WR
HR
EM, banks 0 to 18
Word range
0000 to 6143
D00000 to D32767
W000 to W511
H000 to H1535
En_00000 to En_32767
(n: 0 to 18)
Address L, Address H (command): The address of the first word to which
the data will be written is specified in hexadecimal as shown below.
Address L: The lower 2 digits when the first word address is displayed in 4digit hexadecimal.
Address H: The higher 2 digits when the first word address is displayed in 4digit hexadecimal.
Write data (response): The specified area and write data is returned in order
from word H (higher byte: bits 8 to 15) to word L (lower byte: bits 0 to 7). For
byte data write, specify an even number.
Important Points
The actual address L, address H, and number of write data bytes that can be
specified depends on the model of the CPU Unit, and the data area being
written. Do not exceed the boundary of the data areas for the PLC you are
using.
Word Data Write (Service Code: 1F Hex)
Word Data Write writes data to any I/O memory area in a CPU Unit. The write
word data is in word units. The response block data is returned in low-to-high
byte order.
262
Section 9-2
Receiving Explicit Messages
Command Block
1F
C4
(2F)
(*)
Class ID
Service
Code
The class ID depends on the unit version.
Version 2.0 or later: The class ID is C4.
Version 1.0: The class ID is 2F.
(*)
Address L
Instance ID
Word data H
Address H
Word data L
Word data H
Word data L
Write data (200 bytes max.)
Note A body format of either 8 bits or 16 bits is possible.
Response Block
9F
Service Code
Parameters
Service code (command, response): IF Hex is specified for commands. For
responses, the highest bit will turn ON and 9F Hex will be returned.
Class ID (command): Always C4 (2F).
The class ID depends on the unit version. The class ID is C4 for unit version
2.0 or later, and 2F for unit version 1.0.
Instance ID (command): The memory area to which the data is written is
specified as shown in the following table.
Instance ID (Hex)
01
03
04
05
08 to 20
CPU Unit memory area
for write
CIO
DM
WR
HR
EM, banks 0 to 18
Word range
0000 to 6143
D00000 to D32767
W000 to W511
H000 to H1535
En_00000 to En_32767
(n: 0 to 18)
Address L, Address H (command): The address of the first word to which
the data is written is specified in hexadecimal as shown below.
Address L: The lower 2 digits when the first word address is displayed in 4digit hexadecimal.
Address H: The higher 2 digits when the first word address is displayed in 4digit hexadecimal.
Write data (response): The specified area and write data is returned in order
from word L (lower byte: bits 0 to 7) to word H (higher byte: bits 8 to 15).
Important Points
The actual address L, address H, and number of write data bytes that can be
specified depends on the model of the CPU Unit, and the data area being
written. Do not exceed the boundary of the data areas for the PLC you are
using.
263
Receiving Explicit Messages
264
Section 9-2
SECTION 10
Communications Performance and Communications Load
This section describes the communications performance in an EtherNet/IP network, and shows how to estimate the I/O
response times and transmission delays.
10-1 Communications System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
266
10-1-1 Tag Data Link Communications Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
266
10-1-2 Calculating the Number of Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
269
10-1-3 Network Transmission Delay Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
270
10-2 Adjusting the Communications Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
273
10-2-1 Checking Bandwidth Usage for Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
274
10-2-2 Tag Data Link Bandwidth Usage and RPI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
275
10-2-3 Adjusting Device Bandwidth Usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
276
10-2-4 Changing the RPI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
277
10-2-5 RPI Setting Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
281
10-3 I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
288
10-3-1 Timing of Data Transmissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
288
10-3-2 EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H Built-in Port Data Processing Time . . . .
288
10-3-3 Effect on the CPU Unit’s Cycle Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
289
10-3-4 Tag Data Link I/O Response Time Calculation Example. . . . . . . . .
290
10-4 Tag Data Link Performance for CJ2M Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports . . . . . . . . .
296
10-4-1 Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
296
10-4-2 Tag Data Link I/O Response Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
297
10-5 Message Service Transmission Delay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
299
10-5-1 Maximum Transmission Delays (Excluding Delays in the Network)
299
265
Section 10-1
Communications System
10-1 Communications System
10-1-1 Tag Data Link Communications Method
Packet Interval (RPI)
Settings
In EtherNet/IP tag data links, the data transmission period is set for each connection as the packet interval (RPI). The target device will send data (i.e., output tags) once each packet interval (RPI), regardless of the number of nodes.
Also, the heartbeat frame is sent from the originator to the target for each connection. The target uses the heartbeat to check to see if errors have occurred
in the connection with the originator. The data transmission period of the
heartbeat frame depends on the packet interval (RPI) settings.
■
Heartbeat Frame Transmission Period
• Packet interval < 100 ms
The heartbeat frame transmission period is 100 ms.
• Packet interval ≥ 100 ms
The heartbeat frame transmission period is the same as the RPI.
Example
In this example, 2 tag data link connections are set for node 2 (the originator)
and node 1 (the target).
The packet interval (RPI) for output data 1 is set to 10 ms.
The packet interval (RPI) for output data 2 is set to 15 ms.
In this case, output data 1 is sent from node 1 to node 2 every 10 ms, and output data 2 is sent from node 1 to node 2 every 15 ms, as shown in the following diagram. Also, data is sent from node 2 (the originator) to node 1 (the
target) with a heartbeat of 100 ms for connection 1 and a heartbeat of 100 ms
for connection 2.
Node 1
Target
Node 2
Output data 1
Originator
Connection 1 heartbeat
100-ms interval
Output data 2
10 ms
Connection 2 heartbeat
Output data 1
15 ms
10 ms
Output data 2
Output data 1
266
100-ms interval
Section 10-1
Communications System
Requested Packet
Interval (RPI) and
Bandwidth Usage
The weighted number of packets transferred each second is called the bandwidth
usage. "N" in this section represents a weighing factor according to the packet
data size.
The bandwidth usage is calculated from the RPI, heartbeat, and the factor of N as
follows for each connection:
Bandwidth used in a connection
= (1,000 ÷ RPI (ms) × N) + (1,000 ÷ Heartbeat transmission period (ms))
N = Tag data link's allowable bandwidth ÷ (Tag data link's allowable bandwidth
+ Coefficient × Data size per connection)
Unit version
2.1 or earlier
3.0
Allowed tag data link
communications bandwidth
6,000
12,000
Coefficient
0
-4.155
N
1
1 to 2
Use the following equation to calculate the total bandwidth used by each Unit
(refers to as an EtherNet/IP Unit in the following examples).
Total bandwidth used by Unit = Total bandwidth used by originator connections
+ Total bandwidth used by target connections
Note
Connections set as target connections must also be added to the
total bandwidth used by target connections.
Make the connection settings so that the Unit's total bandwidth used does not
exceed its upper value.
Unit version
2.1 or earlier
3.0
Upper value of total bandwidth used
6,000
12,000
Example
Node 1 has both originator and target connections, and sends 512 bytes of
data at an RPI of 200 ms and 10 bytes of data at an RPI of 2 ms, and receives
256 bytes of data at an RPI of 500 ms.
Node 2 has originator connections only, and receives 512 bytes of data at an
RPI of 200 ms, 10 bytes of data at an RPI of 2 ms, and 20 bytes of data at an
RPI of 5 ms.
Node 3 has target connections only, and sends 20 bytes of data at an RPI of 5
ms, and 256 bytes of data at an RPI of 500 ms.
T
Node 1
T
O: Originator
T: Target
HB: Heartbeat
O
RPI: 200 ms
HB: 200 ms
Data size: 512 bytes
RPI: 500 ms
HB: 500 ms
RPI: 2 ms
HB: 100 ms
Data size: 256 bytes
Data size: 10 bytes
O
O
Node 2
T
Node 3
O
RPI: 5 ms
HB: 100 ms
T
Data size: 20 bytes
267
Section 10-1
Communications System
Each node's total bandwidth used is calculated as follows:
■
Communication using Units with Unit version 2.1 or earlier
• Total bandwidth used for node 1 Unit
= 1,000 / 200 ms × 1 + 1,000 / 2 ms × 1 + 1,000 / 500 ms × 1 (for data)
+ 1,000 / 200 ms + 1,000 / 100 ms + 1,000 / 500 ms (for heartbeat)
= 524
• Total bandwidth used for node 2 Unit
= 1,000 / 200 ms × 1 + 1,000 / 2 ms × 1 + 1,000 / 5 ms × 1 (for data)
+ 1,000 / 200 ms + 1,000 / 100 ms + 1,000 / 100 ms (for heartbeat)
= 730
• Total bandwidth used for node 3 Unit
= 1,000 / 5 ms × 1 + 1,000 / 500 ms × 1 (for data)
+ 1,000 / 100 ms + 1,000 / 500 ms (for heartbeat)
= 214
All of the Units are within the upper value of the total bandwidth used of 6,000
pps, so they can transfer data.
■
Communication using Units with Unit version 3.0
Data size (bytes)
10
20
256
512
Factor N
12,000 / (12,000 - 4.155 × 10) = 1.003
12,000 / (12,000 - 4.155 × 20) = 1.007
12,000 / (12,000 - 4.155 × 256) = 1.097
12,000 / (12,000 - 4.155 × 512) = 1.215
• Total bandwidth used for node 1 Unit
= 1,000 / 200 ms × 1.215 + 1,000 / 2 ms × 1.003 + 1,000 / 500 ms × 1.097 (for data)
+ 1,000 / 200 ms + 1,000 / 100 ms + 1,000 / 500 ms (for heartbeat)
= 527
• Total bandwidth used for node 2 Unit
= 1,000 / 200 ms × 1.215 + 1,000 / 2 ms × 1.003 + 1,000 / 5 ms × 1.007 (for data)
+ 1,000 / 200 ms + 1,000 / 100 ms + 1,000 / 100 ms (for heartbeat)
= 734
• Total bandwidth used for node 3 Unit
= 1,000 / 5 ms × 1.007 + 1,000 / 500 ms × 1.097 (for data)
+ 1,000 / 100 ms + 1,000 / 500 ms (for heartbeat)
= 216
All of the Units are within the upper value of the total bandwidth used of
12,000 pps, so they can transfer data.
268
Section 10-1
Communications System
10-1-2 Calculating the Number of Connections
The maximum number of connections for the Unit is 32 for the CJ2M-EIP21
and 256 for other CPU Units.
The number of connections must be set to 32 or less for the CJ2M-EIP21 and
256 or less for other CPU Units combining both connections that the Unit
opens as the originator and connections that are opened from an originator
with the Unit as the target.
Example
Node 1 opens two connections as the target with node 2 and one connection
as the originator with node 3. Therefore, the total is three connections. Node 2
opens two connections as the originator with node 1 and one connection as
the target with node 3. Therefore, the total is three connections. Node 3 opens
one connection as the target with node 1 and one connection as the target
with node 2. Therefore, the total is two connections. In either case, the connections can be opened because the maximum number of connections for the
Unit is less than 32 for the CJ2M-EIP21 and less than 256 for other CPU
Units.
T
O
Node 1
T
O: Originator
T: Target
O
T
O
Node 2
Node 3
O
T
Also, if multicast is set, one packet will be sent, but the number of connections
will be consumed.
Example
Node 3 sends one multicast packet to node 1 and node 2. At that time, node 3
opens one connection as the target with node 1 and one connection as the
target with node 2 for a total of two connections. Caution is required because
the number of connections consumed is the same as for unicast connections
even when multicast connections are set.
O: Originator
T: Target
Node 1
O
Multicast
T
Multicast
Node 2
Node 3
O
T
269
Section 10-1
Communications System
10-1-3 Network Transmission Delay Time
In an EtherNet/IP network, the tag data link packets are sent once each
packet interval (RPI), but several delays occur between the transmission of
packets from each node and the arrival of the packets at the destination
nodes. The following diagram shows the 4 major delay sources.
Total network transmission delay = (1) Send processing delay + (2) Cable delays + (3) Switching hub delay
+ (4) Receive processing delay
(1) Send
processing
delay
EtherNet/IP
Unit
EtherNet/IP
Unit
(4) Receive
processing
delay
Data
Switching hub
(2) Cable delay
(3) Switching hub delay
(2) Cable delay
The lengths of these delays depend on many factors, such as the tag data link
connection settings (number of connections and data sizes), number of
nodes, the switching hub being used, and cable lengths. Each delay is
described in detail below.
1. Send Processing
Delay
The send processing delay is the delay that occurs within the EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port when data packets are sent once each packet
interval. This delay varies with the RPI error shown in the following graph, so
the send processing time is the maximum value for each RPI.
Packet interval (RPI)
0.5 to 1,000 ms
1,000 ms to 10,000 ms
RPI error (±) (%)
15 − (RPI (ms) ÷ 100)
5% of the RPI
16
14
RPI error (±)[%]
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000 10,000
RPI [ms]
2. Cable Delay
270
The cable delay is the time required for the data signal to pass through the
cable and reach the destination. When an STP (shielded twisted-pair) cable of
category 5, 5e, or higher is being used, the maximum cable delay is 545 ns/
100 m. The cable delay represents a very small percentage of the total tag
data link delay.
Section 10-1
Communications System
3. Switching Hub
Delay
The switching hub delay is the delay time between the arrival of the packet at
the switching hub and the output of the packet from the hub’s transmission
port. This delay depends on the total number of connections used for reception and data sizes used in the tag data links. In addition, this delay depends
on the switching hub maker and model, but the delay can be approximated
with the following table. (For a precise estimate, contact the switching hub
manufacturer.)
The following values are the delays when cascade connections are not being
used. If cascade connections are used, more nodes can be connected, but
the switching hub delays will increase.
Words per connection
2 words
200 words
400 words
600 words
722 words
4. Receive Processing
Delay
Number of connections used for reception
16
32
64
128
256
0.2 ms
0.3 ms
0.5 ms
1.0 ms
1.9 ms
0.7 ms
1.3 ms
2.5 ms
5.0 ms
10.0 ms
1.2 ms
2.3 ms
4.6 ms
9.1 ms
18.2 ms
1.7 ms
3.3 ms
6.6 ms
13.2 ms
26.4 ms
2.0 ms
4.0 ms
7.9 ms
15.7 ms
31.4 ms
The receive processing delay is the delay that occurs within the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port from the reception of the data packet at the
Unit until the completion of reception processing in the Unit. This delay
depends on the size of the connections used in the tag data links and the
number of connections. In practice, the delay depends on the number of connections used in tag data links with less than 200 words. If the number of connections is “n”, the maximum delay can be calculated with the following
equation.
Maximum reception processing delay = 1 + (n × 0.043) ms
The size of the connections may cause a delay when the data sizes are
smaller and a large number of packets may be received in a fixed interval,
because the data may wait for receive processing.
Example Calculation
of the Tag Data Link
Delay
This example shows how to calculate the tag data link delay when the following tag data link connection settings have been made.
In this case, 17 EtherNet/IP Units or built-in EtherNet/IP ports are being used,
and one Unit is receiving 200 words of data from each of the other Units at a
packet interval (RPI) of 5 ms. Thus, 16 tag data link connections are used.
The length of the cables between the Units is 50 m for all connections.
Send processing delay = 5 ms × (15 − 5/100)% = 0.7475 ms
Cable delay = 545 ns × 50 m/100 = 272.5 ns
Switching hub delay = 0.7 ms
Receive processing delay = 1 + (16 × 0.043) ms = 1.688 ms
Tag data link delay
= 0.7475 ms + 0.0002725 ms + 0.7 ms + 1.688 ms
≈ 3.14 ms
271
Section 10-1
Communications System
PLC #1
PLC #2
PLC #3
PLC #17
5 ms
#2
#3
200 words
5 ms
200 words
200 words
× 16
#17
272
5 ms
200 words
Section 10-2
Adjusting the Communications Load
10-2 Adjusting the Communications Load
In an Ethernet network using a switching hub, the network bandwidth is not
shared by all of the nodes; independent transmission paths are established
between individual nodes through the switching hub.
A dedicated communications buffer is established in the switching hub for
communications between the nodes and full-duplex communications (simultaneous transmission and reception) are performed asynchronously with other
transmission paths. The communications load in other transmission paths
does not affect communications, so packet collisions do not occur and stable,
high-speed communications can be performed.
The switching hub functions shown in the following table determine the performance of tag data links.
Item
Buffer capacity
Multicast filtering
QoS function
Description
This is the amount of data that can be buffered when packets
accumulate at the switching hub.
This function transfers multicast packets to specific nodes
only.
This function performs priority control on packet transfers.
The following table shows the tag data link settings that can be made for individual EtherNet/IP Units as well as the setting ranges.
Item
Network bandwidth
Allowed tag data link
communications bandwidth
Connection resources
Contents
Physical Ethernet baud rate
Maximum number of tag data
link packets that can be processed in 1 second (pps: packets per second)
Number of connections that can
be established
Packet interval
Refresh cycle for tag data
(RPI: Requested Packet
Interval)
Note
Settings
100 Mbps or 10 Mbps
CJ2M-EIP21: 3,000 pps
Other CPU Units:
6,000 to 12,000 pps
(See note 1.)
CJ2M-EIP21: 32 max.
Other CPU Units:
256 max.
CJ2M-EIP21: 1 to 1,000
ms
Other CPU Units:
0.5 to 10,000 ms
(in 0.5 ms units)
(1) For the Units with unit version 2.1 or earlier, this is 6,000 pps.
When the tag data link settings exceed the capabilities of the switching hub
being used, increase the RPI value. Particularly when using a switching hub
that does not support multicast filtering, the settings must be made considering that multicast packets will be sent even to nodes without connection settings.
In addition, if the required tag data link performance cannot be achieved with
the switching hub’s capabilities, reevaluate the overall network configuration
and correct it by taking steps such as selecting a different switching hub or
splitting the network.
The following sections show how to check the device bandwidth being used
by the tag data links in the designed network, and how to set the appropriate
values.
Note
If the Network Configurator is used to set the connection type in the connection settings to a multicast connection, multicast packets will be used. If the
connection type is set to a point-to-point connection, multicast packets will not
be used.
273
Section 10-2
Adjusting the Communications Load
10-2-1 Checking Bandwidth Usage for Tag Data Links
The Network Configurator can display the bandwidth actually used for tag
data links at each EtherNet/IP Unit, based on the connections set in the network configuration.
The device bandwidth used by tag data links can be checked by clicking the
Detail Button in the Usage of Device Bandwidth Area at the bottom of the Network Configuration Window.
Item
#
Comment
Usage of Capacity
Mbit/s
Usage of IP Multicast Addresses
274
Description
The IP address of the device.
A description of the device. The comment is displayed below
the device icon. The model number of the device is displayed
by default.
The percentage of the allowable communications bandwidth
used for tag data links for the device is displayed.
Bandwidth used ÷ Allowable tag data link bandwidth
The values outside parentheses are for when multicast filtering
is used.
The values inside parentheses are for when multicast filtering
is not used.
The bandwidth used for communications by the device of the
100-Mbps network bandwidth is shown.
The values outside parentheses are for when multicast filtering
is used.
The values inside parentheses are for when multicast filtering
is not used.
The number of multicast IP addresses actually used for communications by the device is shown.
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
Item
Description
Total usage of IP
The number of multicast IP addresses used in the entire netmulticast addresses work is shown. This value is used to estimate the number of
multicast filters for switching.
Network Total of
The total network bandwidth used for tag data link communicaMax. Mbit/s
tions in the entire network is shown. Tag data links will not
operate normally if 100 Mbps is exceeded for the network
bandwidth.
Checking the Usage of
Capacity and Network
Bandwidth for Tag Data
Links
The percentage of the allowable communications bandwidth for tag data links
for each EtherNet/IP Unit is displayed as the Usage of Capacity and the bandwidth used for tag data link communications in the entire network is displayed
as the Mbit/s.
The usage of capacity and used network bandwidth that are displayed in
parentheses are for a switching hub that does not use multicast filtering. In
this case, multicast packets will be sent to even the nodes without connection
settings, so the displayed values will include these packets as well.
These values can be adjusted according to instructions in 10-2-4 Changing
the RPI.
Checking the Total
Number of Multicast IP
Addresses in the Network
When using a switching hub that provides multicast filtering, there must be
enough multicast filters for the network being used. The number of multicast
IP address used in the entire network that is displayed by the Network Configurator as the Network Total of Max. Mbit/s is based on connection settings.
Make sure that the number of multicast IP addresses used in the entire network does not exceed the number of multicast filters supported by the switching hub. If necessary, change to a switching hub with enough multicast filters,
or adjust the usage of capacity and network bandwidth for tag data links (Mbit/
s) values given for a switching hub without multicast filtering (i.e., the values in
parentheses). Adjust these values according to instructions in 10-2-4 Changing the RPI.
Checking the Total
Maximum Network
Bandwidth
The Network Configurator displays the total maximum bandwidth that can be
used for the entire network as the Network Total of Max. Mbit/s. This value
indicates the maximum bandwidth that can be used on the transmission paths
when switching hubs are cascaded. If the value exceeds the bandwidth of a
cascade connection in the actual network, the maximum bandwidth for part of
the communications path may be exceeded, depending on how the network is
wired.
If this occurs, either calculate the bandwidth usage for each communications
path and be sure that the maximum bandwidth is not exceeded for any cascade connection, or adjust the bandwidth for all cascade connections so that
the total maximum network bandwidth is not exceeded. Adjust the bandwidth
according to instructions in 10-2-4 Changing the RPI.
10-2-2 Tag Data Link Bandwidth Usage and RPI
The usage of capacity can be adjusted using the RPI setting. If the RPI is
made shorter, the usage of capacity will increase. If the RPI is made longer,
the usage of capacity will decrease.
The RPI can be set in any one of the following ways.
• Setting the same interval for all connections
• Setting a particular device’s connection
• Setting a particular connection
When the same RPI is set for all connections, the usage of capacity will basically increase proportionally as the RPI is made shorter.
275
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
Example:
If the RPI is set to 50 ms for all connections and the usage of capacity is
40%, the usage of capacity may increase to 80% when the RPI is reduced
to 25 ms for all connections.
Note
Performing message communications or other network operations from the
Network Configurator (such as monitoring or other operations that place a
load on the network) or from the user application when the tag data link bandwidth usage of capacity is between 80% and 100% can create an excessive
load on the network and result in timeouts. If timeouts occur, increase one or
all of the RPI settings or reduce the usage of capacity.
10-2-3 Adjusting Device Bandwidth Usage
Switching Hubs without
Multicast Filtering (100Mbps Hubs)
• Is the network bandwidth without multicast filtering usage under
100 Mbps for each node? (This appears as “Mbit/s” in the dialog box
shown on page 274.)
→ If any node exceeds 100 Mbps, change the connections settings, such
as the RPI.
• Is the usage of capacity without multicast filtering under 100% for each
node? (This appears as “Usage of Capacity” in the dialog box shown on
page 274.)
→ If any node exceeds 100%, change the connections settings, such as
the RPI.
• Is the total network bandwidth usage under 100 Mbps? (This appears as
“Network Total of Max. Mbit/s” in the dialog box shown on page 274.)
→ If the total bandwidth usage exceeds 100 Mbps, the bandwidth of part
of the transmission path (e.g., a switching hub or media converter) had
been exceeded as the result of how the network was wired (e.g., switch
hub or cascade connection), causing a tag data link to operate abnormally. Check the bandwidth of the transmission path for all cascade connections. If the bandwidth is exceeded, rewire the network or increase the
bandwidth between switching hubs (e.g., to 1 Gbps). If these countermeasures are not possible, change the connection settings, e.g., the RPI settings, and adjust the bandwidth for all cascade connections until the total
network bandwidth is not exceeded.
Switching Hubs with
Multicast Filtering (100Mbps Hubs)
• Is the network bandwidth usage under 100 Mbps for each node?
→ If any node exceeds 100 Mbps, change the connections settings, such
as the RPI.
• Is the usage of capacity under 100% for each node?
→ If any node exceeds 100%, change the connections settings, such as
the RPI.
• Is the total network bandwidth usage under 100 Mbps? (This appears as
“Network Total of Max. Mbit/s” in the dialog box shown on page 274.)
→ If the total bandwidth usage exceeds 100 Mbps, the bandwidth of part
of the transmission path (e.g., a switching hub or media converter) had
been exceeded as the result of how the network was wired (e.g., switch
hub or cascade connection), causing a tag data link to operate abnormally. Check the bandwidth of the transmission path for all cascade connections. If the bandwidth is exceeded, rewire the network or increase the
bandwidth between switching hubs (e.g., to 1 Gbps). If these countermeasures are not possible, change the connection settings, e.g., the RPI settings, and adjust the bandwidth for all cascade connections until the total
network bandwidth is not exceeded.
276
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
• Is the network bandwidth usage without multicast filtering under 100
Mbps for each node or the usage of capacity without multicast filtering
under 100% for each node? (These appear as “Mbit/s” and “Usage of
Capacity” in the dialog box shown on page 274.)
→ If the total bandwidth usage exceeds 100 Mbps, the bandwidth of part
of the transmission path (e.g., a switching hub or media converter) had
been exceeded as the result of how the network was wired (e.g., switch
hub or cascade connection), causing a tag data link to operate abnormally. Check the bandwidth of the transmission path for all cascade connections. If the bandwidth is exceeded, rewire the network or increase the
bandwidth between switching hubs (e.g., to 1 Gbps). If these countermeasures are not possible, change the connection settings, e.g., the RPI settings, and adjust the bandwidth for all cascade connections until the total
network bandwidth is not exceeded.
10-2-4 Changing the RPI
You can check the usage of capacity offline without multicast filtering against
the tag data link's allowable bandwidth by following the procedures in 10-2-1
Checking Bandwidth Usage for Tag Data Links. The usage of capacity without
multicast filtering can be adjusted against the tag data link's allowable bandwidth by changing the packet interval (RPI). If the required communications
performance cannot be achieved by changing the settings, reevaluate the network starting with the network configuration.
1,2,3...
1. Make the required settings in the Network Configurator’s Network Configuration Window.
2. Click the Detail Button in the Usage of Device Bandwidth Area at the bottom of the Network Configuration Window.
The Usage of Device Bandwidth Dialog Box will be displayed.
277
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
The Usage of Capacity column will show the percentage of the allowed tag
data link bandwidth being used, and the Mbit/s column will show the network bandwidth being used.
3. The usage of capacity can be adjusted by changing the associated devices’ RPI settings.
The RPI settings can be changed with the following three methods.
Method 1: Same Packet Interval Set for all Connections
The usage of capacity can be adjusted by changing the RPI for all of the
connections at the same time.
a. Click the Set Packet Interval (RPI) Button at the bottom of the Usage
of Device Bandwidth Dialog Box.
b.
278
The Set Packet Interval (RPI) Dialog Box will be displayed. Input a new
RPI value, and click the OK Button.
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
Method 2: Changing a Particular Device’s RPI Setting
The usage of capacity can be adjusted for only a particular device by
changing the packet intervals (RPI) for all of the device’s connections together. In this case, the usage of capacity will also change for the devices
that are the target devices of the connection which was adjusted.
a. Click the Set Packet Interval (RPI) Button at the bottom of the Usage
of Device Bandwidth Dialog Box.
b.
The Set Packet Interval (RPI) Dialog Box will be displayed. In the Target Device Area, deselect the target devices that are not being adjusted by removing the check marks.
c.
Input a new RPI value, and click the OK Button.
Method 3: Changing a Particular Connection’s RPI Setting
The usage of capacity can be adjusted by individually changing the packet
intervals (RPI) setting for a particular connection. In this case, the usage
of capacity will also change for the device that is the target device of the
connection which was adjusted.
279
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
a. Click the Close Button at the bottom of the Usage of Device Bandwidth
Dialog Box.
b.
Double-click the device that is set as the originator of the desired connection. The Edit Device Parameters Dialog Box will be displayed.
c.
In the Register Device List, select the connection for which you want
to change the RPI, and click the Edit Button.
d. The device’s Edit Connections Dialog Box will be displayed. Input a
new RPI value, and click the OK Button.
280
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
4. If the usage of capacity cannot be adjusted to the desired level when the
setting described above has been performed, reconsider the network configuration considering the following points. Refer to 10-2-3 Adjusting Device Bandwidth Usage.
• Reduce the number of nodes and number of connections.
• Split the network.
5. Check the bandwidth usage again.
If the connection settings have been changed, click the Detail Button in the
Usage of Device Bandwidth Area at the bottom of the Network Configuration Window and check bandwidth usage according to the instructions in
10-2-1 Checking Bandwidth Usage for Tag Data Links. It is particularly important to check the usage of capacity when an individual connection’s RPI
setting was changed without using the Set Packet Interval (RPI) Button at
the bottom of the Usage of Device Bandwidth Dialog Box.
6. Run user tests to verify that there are no problems with the new settings.
10-2-5 RPI Setting Examples
The following examples explain how to calculate the packet intervals (RPI) in
the following network configuration.
281
Section 10-2
Adjusting the Communications Load
Example Conditions
Usages of capacity shown in the following examples are calculated based on
when the Units with unit version 2.1 or earlier are used.
Connections
In this example, there are 10 CS1W-EIP21 Units and 10 CJ1W-EIP21 Units
for a total of 20 devices connected in the network. Each device has one 100word tag for transmission and nineteen 100-word tags for reception, so that
the Units exchange data mutually.
By default, the packet intervals (RPI) are set to 10 ms for all of the connections. The devices’ IP addresses range from 192.168.250.1 to
192.168.250.20.
IP address:
192.168.250.1
CS1W-EIP21
100 words
100 words
100 words
192.168.250.2
CS1W-EIP21
192.168.250.3
192.168.250.20
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
Transmit
Transmit
Tag data link area with
100 words × 20 Units
Transmit
100 words
Transmit
10 CS1W-EIP21 Units + 10 CJ1W-EIP21 Units = 20 Units total
The RPI is 10 ms (Ethernet default) for all connections.
Checking the Device
Bandwidth Usage
282
When the Detail Button is clicked in the Usage of Device Bandwidth Area, it is
apparent that the percentage of the allowed tag data link bandwidth being
used by each device’s tag data link (Usage of Capacity) is 39.67%, as shown
in the following dialog box.
Adjusting the Communications Load
Changing the
Settings
Section 10-2
Method 1: Same Packet Interval Setting for All Connections
The percentage of the allowed tag data link bandwidth being used (Usage of
Capacity) was 39.67% with the RPI set to 10.0 ms for all of the connections,
so the RPI will be set to 5.0 ms, with a target of 80% or less of the allowable
bandwidth.
Click the Set Packet Interval (RPI) Button at the bottom of the Usage of
Device Bandwidth Dialog Box. The Set Packet Interval (RPI) Dialog Box will
be displayed. Input 5.0 ms as the new RPI value, and click the OK Button.
283
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
If the packet interval for all connections has been set to the same setting, the
dialog box will show that the usage of capacity for the tag data link's allowable
communications bandwidth is 73.00% and the fastest set value is 5.0 ms.
Method 2: Changing the Packet Interval (RPI) of Only Specific Devices
In this example, we want faster tag data links for devices 192.168.250.1 and
192.168.250.10 only. Click the Set Packet Interval (RPI) Button at the bottom
of the Usage of Device Bandwidth Dialog Box to display the Set Packet Interval (RPI) Dialog Box.
In the Target Device Area, deselect all devices other than 192.168.250.1 and
192.168.250.10 by removing the corresponding check marks. Input 5.0 ms as
the new RPI value, and click the OK Button.
The percentage of the allowed tag data link bandwidth being used (Usage of
Capacity) increases to 74.67% for devices 192.168.250.1 and
192.168.250.10, which indicates that the RPI is set to a higher speed for
these devices’ connections.
284
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
The Usage of Capacity values also indicate that the Usage of Capacity has
increased (from 39.67% to 43.00%) for all of the other devices, which connect
with devices 192.168.250.1 and 192.168.250.10.
In this case, if there is no multicast filter, the value becomes 106.33%. If there
is no multicast filter for a switching hub, communications errors may occur
depending on the communications load of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP Unit port.
285
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
Method 3: Changing the Packet Interval (RPI) of Only Specific
Connections
In this example, we want a faster tag data links for just a particular connection
of device 192.168.250.1.
Double-click device 192.168.250.1 in the Network Configuration Window.
Information about the connection with device 192.168.250.20 is registered in
the Register Device List. Double-click this connection to edit the settings.
286
Adjusting the Communications Load
Section 10-2
In the Edit Connection Dialog Box, input 1.0 ms as the new RPI value, and
click the OK Button. The tag data link bandwidth being used by device
192.168.250.1 (Usage of Capacity) increases to 54.67%, which indicates that
a RPI is set to a higher speed for this device.
In this case, the tag data link bandwidth being used by device 192.168.250.20
(Usage of Capacity) also increases (from 39.67% to 56.33%).
287
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
10-3 I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
Note
This section describes the data processing time for an EtherNet/IP Unit or a
built-in EtherNet/IP port on a [email protected] CPU Unit. The data processing time for a built-in EtherNet/IP port on the [email protected] CPU Unit is different. For details, refer to 10-4 Tag Data Link Performance for CJ2M Built-in
EtherNet/IP Ports.
10-3-1 Timing of Data Transmissions
The following diagram shows the timing of tag data link transmissions
between the EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H built-in port and the CPU Unit.
The data transmission is processed during the I/O refresh period. Send data
is processed with transmission at regular intervals, and received data is processed together with the send data when new data has been received from
other nodes. The following diagram shows the timing of data transmissions.
Data received
EtherNet/IP
Unit processing
EtherNet/IP Unit data
processing time
(Refer to 10-3-2.)
CPU Unit processing
Basic
processes
Program
execution
I/O refreshing
Peripheral
servicing
Basic
processes
Data exchange processing
CPU Unit’s cycle time
If there is an interrupt for data transmission processing, the CPU Unit’s cycle
time is extended by that interrupt processing time. Refer to 10-3-2 EtherNet/IP
Unit or CJ2H Built-in Port Data Processing Time for details.
10-3-2 EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H Built-in Port Data Processing Time
The following formula approximates the time required for the EtherNet/IP Unit
or CJ2H built-in port to process data transmissions with the CPU Unit (i.e., the
data processing time).
Approximation of the data processing time for an
EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H Built-in Port
(0.0008 × Number of data transmission words) + 1.0 ms
288
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
The maximum number of tag data link words that can be transferred by one
EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H built-in port is 184,832 words. However, if the number of tag data link words exceeds the number of words that can be
exchanged with the CPU Unit at one time, the data will be divided and transferred in multiple data exchanges. The following table shows the number of
words that each CPU Unit can exchange at one time.
CPU Unit
CS/CJ Series
SYSMAC CJ2
Series
Number of words per data transmission
Output/Send: About 7,405 words max. (If there are more words,
the data will be divided.)
Input/Receive: About 7,405 words max. (If there are more words,
the data will be divided.)
Note The total amount of send data and receive data that can be
exchanged at one time is about 14,810 words maximum.
Output/send: About 6,432 words max. (If there are more words, the
data will be separated into multiple transmissions.)
Input/receive: About 6,432 words max. (If there are more words,
the data will be separated into multiple transmissions.)
Note The total amount of send data and receive data that can be
transferred at one time is about 12,864 words maximum.
The number of data exchanges may double as given in the following table
according to the relation with the CPU Unit’s cycle time and the data processing time of the EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H built-in port.
Condition
CPU Unit’s cycle time
> EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H built-in port
data processing time
CPU Unit’s cycle time
≤ EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H built-in port
data processing time
Note
Number of data transmissions
Number of data transmissions
based on the data size
Number of data transmissions × 2
based on the data size
(1) With CS/CJ-series PLCs, consecutive data area words specified in the
tag set will be transferred together if possible. Up to 19 send data blocks
can be processed in one data transmission; up to 20 receive data blocks
can be processed in one data transmission. If there are more blocks, the
data will be divided and transferred in separate data transmissions.
(2) The preceding data processing time approximation is the standard formula when a higher priority processing event does not occur in peripheral
servicing. For example, if an instruction such as SEND, RECV, or FAL is
executed, the instruction’s processing will have higher priority, so the data
processing time may be longer.
10-3-3 Effect on the CPU Unit’s Cycle Time
The CPU Unit’s cycle time is affected when the EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H builtin port refreshes tag data and status data with the CPU Unit. This effect
depends on the size of the tag data links, and can be approximated with the
values in the following table. When there are multiple EtherNet/IP Units or
CJ2H built-in ports, the effect is cumulative.
289
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
CPU Unit
CJ2H
Effect of EtherNet/IP Unit or
CJ2H built-in port only
CPU Rack: 0.1 ms
Expansion Rack: 0.13 ms
CJ2M
CPU Rack: 0.14 ms
Expansion Rack: 0.16 ms
CJ1
CJ1M
CJ1-H
CS1
CS1-H
Long-distance
Rack
0.25 ms
0.17 ms
0.1 ms
0.2 ms
0.1 ms
0.2 ms × Coefficient 2
Note
Total effect when tag data links are being used
CPU Rack: Value from left column + 0.1 ms + No. of words transferred × 0.33 μs (See note 2.)
Expansion Rack: Value from left column + 0.1 ms + No. of words
transferred × 0.45 μs
CPU Rack: Value from left column + 0.02 ms + No. of words transferred × 0.78 μs
Expansion Rack: Value from left column + 0.02 ms + No. of words
transferred × 0.92 μs
0.25 ms + 1.5 ms + (Number of words × 1 μs)
0.17 ms + 0.1 ms + (Number of words × 0.7 μs)
0.1 ms + 0.1 ms + (Number of words × 0.7 μs)
0.2 ms + 1.5 ms + (Number of words × 1 μs)
0.1 ms + 0.1 ms + (Number of words × 0.7 μs)
(0.2 ms × Coefficient 2) + 1.5 ms + (Number of words × 1 μs ×
Coefficient 3)
(1) When one of the listed CPU Bus Units is mounted in a CS-series Longdistance Rack, the I/O refreshing time is extended by the distance to the
Rack in which the Unit is mounted, regardless of the model of the CPU
Unit. The following graph shows the coefficients (2 and 3) required to calculate this effect.
Coefficient
Distance to Long-distance Rack (m)
(2) The additional time for CJ2H CPU Units with unit version 1.1 or later will
be as follows if high-speed interrupts are enabled.
0.1 ms + Number of words transferred × 0.87 μs
10-3-4 Tag Data Link I/O Response Time Calculation Example
When using the tag data link functions of the EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H built-in
port, there is a time lag between the point when the data link area’s data
changes due to an input at a node and the point when the change is output at
another node’s data link area. This time lag is called the tag data link
I/O response time.
This example shows how to calculate the minimum and maximum I/O
response times in the following configuration for connection 1 opened
between node 1 and node 2.
290
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
EtherNet/IP
PLC#1
PLC#2
Node 3
Node 2
Node 1
Input switch (external input device)
Input
PLC#3
Output relay (external output device)
W000.01
W000.01
Output
Tag Data Link Table
PLC#2
PLC#1
Connection 1
PLC#3
RPI = 10 ms
W000
W000
Outputs
RPI = 10 ms
256 words x 16 connections
Total: 4,096 words
Inputs
Inputs
722 words x 16 connections
Total: 11,552 words
RPI = 100 ms
Outputs
The following table gives the items required to find the I/O response time and
values used in calculations for this system configuration.
Item
Value used in calculation example
PLC#1
PLC#2
External I/O device delay time
Input device delay:
Output device delay:
1.5 ms
2.0 ms
Cable length
50 m
CPU Unit model
CJ2H CPU Unit
CJ2H CPU Unit
RPI
10 msec
--Number of receive connections
0
32
CPU Unit cycle time
10 msec
15 msec
Total number tag
Number of send 11,552
None
data link words
words
Number of
None
15,648
receive words
Maximum Tag Data Link I/O Response Time
You can find the maximum I/O response time from the total of (1) to (6) in the
following figure.
291
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
: I/O processing
: Data exchange
Tag data link I/O response time
Input device
(4) Network transmission delay time
(1) Input ON (2) Send data
(6) Output ON
processing
response
(5) Receive data
(3) RPI
response time
time
time
processing time
Input
PLC #1 processing
Send data processing time
Cycle time x 2
Tag data link refresh cycle
Receive data processing time
Calculation
PLC #2 processing
Output
device
PLC #2
Transmission
path
PLC #1
Calculation
Cycle time x 4
Output
(1) Node 1 (PLC #1) Input ON Response Time
This is the delay time for the external input device from when the input occurs
until the switch actually turns ON and the time until the input data is stored in
the memory area of the CPU Unit for PLC #1. In this system, the input switch
delay time is 1.5 ms. Also, one CPU cycle time is required until the data is
stored in the memory area of the CPU Unit. Therefore, the input ON response
time is 1.5 ms + 10 ms, or 11.5 ms.
(2) Node 1 (PLC #1) Send Data Processing Time
This is the time until memory data in the CPU Unit is transferred to the EtherNet/IP Unit. If the amount of data that can be processed in one data transmission with the CPU Unit is exceeded, data transmission will be performed over
multiple cycles of the CPU Unit, and so time is calculated for the number of
transmissions times the CPU Unit cycle times. The following table gives the
send data processing times and breakdown for node 1 (PLC #1) in this system configuration. Refer to 10-3-2 EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H Built-in Port Data
Processing Time for details on the calculation formula for each item.
Item
A CPU Unit cycle time
for PLC #1
B Number of transmissions based on the data
size
C EtherNet/IP Unit data
processing time
292
Calculation formula
Time
10 m sec
Number of data transmission words (11,552 2
words) ÷ 6,432 words (using a CJ2 CPU
Unit)
0.0008 × 6,432 + 1.0 (Maximum number of 6.15 m sec
transmission words per cycle)
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
Item
Calculation formula
Time
D Number of data trans- A 10 m sec > C 6.15 m sec
2
missions
To meet the conditions, the number of transmissions is the same as B.
Total:
CPU Unit cycle time of A PLC #1 × D Num- 20 m sec
ber of data transmissions
(2) Send data processing time
(3) Packet Interval (RPI)
This is the communications refresh cycle set for each connection using the
Network Configurator. In this system, it is the refresh cycle for connection 1
(10 ms), which includes W000.01.
(4) Network Transmission Delay Time
This is the total of the send processing delay, receive processing delay,
switching hub delay, and cable delay. Refer to 10-1-3 Network Transmission
Delay Time for details on the calculation formula for network delay time. In this
system, it is 5.2 ms.
Delay item
A Send processing delay
Calculation formula
10 m sec × (15-10 msec/100)%
Max. delay time
1.49 msec
B Cable delay
C Switching hub delay
D Receive processing
delay
Total:
(4) Network Transmission
Delay Time
545 nsec + 50 m/100
2 msec + Approx. 0.7 msec
1 + (0 connection × 0.043)
272.5 nsec
2.7 msec
1.0 msec
A+B+C+D
5.2 msec
(5) Node 2 (PLC #2) Receive Data Processing Time
This is the time to transfer the data received by the EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H
built-in port to the memory area in the CPU Unit. Receive data is transferred
in the order that it is received, but if the amount of data that can be processed
in one transmission is exceeded, multiple cycles are required to transfer the
data. Also, data transmission is performed only once per CPU Unit cycle.
Therefore, if data transfer has ended in the cycle in which data is received, the
start of transmission for received data will be delayed by one CPU Unit cycle
time.
In this system configuration, data transfer is performed a maximum of three
times based on the data size of node 2 (PLC #2) to transfer received data for
node 1 (PLC #1) and node address 3 (PLC #3). Also, the cycle time of PLC #2
is 15 ms, the effect on the CPU Unit cycle time is 2.3 ms, and the data processing time for the EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2H built-in port is 6.15 ms. The
number of data transmissions is thus calculated as 3. In addition, the number
of data transmissions is calculated as a maximum of 4 (3 + 1) because it is
necessary to consider a delay of one CPU Unit cycle time in transferring
received data.
Item
A CPU Unit cycle time
B Number of transmissions based on the data
size
C EtherNet/IP Unit data
processing time
Calculation formula
Time
--15 msec
Number of data transmission words (15,648 3
words) ÷ 6,432 words (using a CJ2 CPU
Unit)
0.0008 × 6,432 + 1.0 (Maximum number of 6.15 msec
transmission words per cycle)
293
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
Item
Calculation formula
Time
D Number of data transmissions
A 10 m sec > C 6.15 m sec
4
To meet the condition to enable processing
in one data transmission, the number of
transmissions is the same as B plus 1.
(Delay of one CPU Unit cycle time)
A Cycle time × D Number of data trans60 msec
Total:
(5) Receive data process- missions
ing time
(6) Output ON response time
This is the delay time for the external output device from when the output bit
turns ON in the memory of the CPU Unit until the output is actually performed.
In this system configuration, the delay time for an output relay is 2.0 ms. Also,
one CPU cycle time is required until the data is stored in the memory area of
the CPU Unit.
Item
A CPU Unit cycle time of PLC #2
B Output relay delay time
Total:
(6) Node 2 (PLC #2) output ON response time
Time
15 msec
2.0 msec
17.0 msec
The maximum tag data link I/O response time for this system configuration
found from the total of (1) to (6) is 124 ms.
Note
294
(1) Node 1 (PLC #1) input ON response time
(2) Node 1 (PLC #1) send data processing time
(3) Packet Interval (RPI)
11.5 msec
20 msec
10 msec
(4) Network Transmission Delay Time
(5) Node 2 (PLC #2) receive data processing time
(6) Output ON response time
Maximum I/O response performance (total of (1) to (6))
5.5 msec
60 msec
17 msec
124 msec
The I/O response time may be longer due to noise, or other events.
Section 10-3
I/O Response Time in Tag Data Links
Minimum Tag Data Link I/O Response Time
: I/O processing
: Data exchange
Tag data link I/O response time
(2) Network transmission delay time
Input device
(1) Input ON
response
time
(3) Output ON
response time
Input
Calculation
Transmission
path
PLC #1
PLC #1 processing
PLC #2
Tag data link refresh cycle
Output
device
Calculation
PLC #2 processing
Output
The minimum tag data link I/O response time, which occurs when there are no
processing delays, is calculated as follows.
(1) Node 1
(PLC #1) input ON response time
Input switch delay time
CPU Unit cycle time of PLC #1
(2) Transmission time (722 send data words)
(3) Node 2
CPU Unit cycle time of PLC #2
(PLC #1) output ON response time Output relay delay time
1.5 ms
10.0 ms
0.121 msec
15.0 ms
2.0 ms
Total (tag data link I/O response time)
28.6 ms
When the baud rate is 100 Mbps, the transmission time can be calculated with
the following equation. If a network delay does not occur, just this transmission time is added.
Transmission time =
(Number of send data words × 2 + 74) × 8 × 0.00001 ms
Note
The I/O response time may be longer due to noise, or other events.
295
Section 10-4
Tag Data Link Performance for CJ2M Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
10-4 Tag Data Link Performance for CJ2M Built-in EtherNet/IP
Ports
10-4-1 Overview
The built-in EtherNet/IP port on a CJ2M CPU Unit ([email protected]) supports
tag data links for up to 32 connections, with a data size of 640 words (20
words for unit version 2.0) per connection. These specifications are different
from those of CJ2H built-in ports and EtherNet/IP Units.
A maximum of 640 words of tag data links can be used in communications.
This 640 words is the amount of data that is processed for one data transmissions between the CPU Unit and the CJ2M built-in port.
The tag data link specifications of CJ2M built-in ports are provided in the following table. If these specifications are insufficient for the required system
configuration, use a CJ2H built-in port on a [email protected] CPU Unit or a
CJ1W-EIP21 EtherNet/IP Unit.
Tag Data Link Specifications for CJ2M Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
CJ2M built-in port
([email protected])
Reference: CJ2H built-in port
([email protected])
Number of connections
Packet interval (RPI)
Allowed communications
bandwidth per Unit
32
1 to 10,000 ms (in 0.5-ms units)
3,000 pps
6,000 to 12,000 pps*2
Number of tags that can be
registered
Tag types
Number of registrable tag sets
Number of tags per connection
Maximum size of 1 tag set
32
256
Maximum data size per connection
Maximum link data size per
node (total size of all tags)
Maximum number of tags that
can be refreshed per CPU Unit
cycle
256
0.5 to 10,000 ms (in 0.5-ms units)
CIO Area, DM Area, EM Area, Holding Area, Work Area, and network symbols
32
256
8 (7 tags when the tag set contains the PLC status)
640 words*1
(The PLC status uses 1 word when the tag
set contains the PLC status.)
722 words
(The PLC status uses 1 word when the tag
set contains the PLC status.)
640 words*1
722 words
640 words
184,832 words
Output/Transmission
(CPU → EtherNet/IP): 32
Input/Reception (EtherNet/IP → CPU): 32
Output/Transmission
(CPU → EtherNet/IP): 256
Input/Reception (EtherNet/IP → CPU): 256
Data that can be refreshed per Output/Transmission (CPU → EtherNet/IP):
CPU Unit cycle
640 words
Input/Reception (EtherNet/IP → CPU):
640 words
Output/Transmission (CPU → EtherNet/IP):
6,432 words
Input/Reception (EtherNet/IP → CPU):
6,432 words
Note The total for output/transmission and Note The total for output/transmission and
input/reception is 640 words.
input/reception is 12,864 words.
*1 Unit version 2.0: 20 words maximum.
*2 For the Units with unit version 2.1 or earlier, this is 6,000 pps.
Tag Data Link System
Configuration
Example
296
This example configuration is based on the maximum specifications for CJ2M
built-in ports where all nodes send and receive data to the other nodes. As
shown in the following figure, the send area for each node in a 17-node configuration is 20 words.
Section 10-4
Tag Data Link Performance for CJ2M Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
For example, node 1 establishes 16 send connections and 16 receive connections to the other 16 nodes, for a total of 32 connections. The data size per
connection is 20 words for the send area to the other nodes and 20 words
each of the receive areas from the other nodes.
If the same RPI is set for all connections, 12 ms is the lowest setting that can
be used.
■
Calculation Example
(1,000 ÷ 12 [ms] (RPI) + 1,000 ÷ 100 [ms] (heartbeat transmission period)) ×
32 (connections) = 2,987 pps < 3,000 pps
Send connections = 16
(20 words × 16 = 320 words)
Node 1
Send 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
*All nodes use CJ2M built-in ports.
Node 3
Node 16
Node 17
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Send 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Send 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive 20 words
Send 20 words
Node 2
Receive 20 words
Send 20 words
Receive 20 words
Receive connections = 16
(20 words × 16 = 320 words)
10-4-2 Tag Data Link I/O Response Time
With tag data links, if the data in the data link area for a node changes due to
an input to that node, a certain amount of time is required for the data in data
link area at another node to be updated and output.
The I/O response time for tag data links can be calculated for a CJ2M built-in
port in the same was as it can for a CJ2H built-in port (refer to 10-3-4 Tag
Data Link I/O Response Time Calculation Example). Here, formulas to calculate guideline I/O response times are provided. (Tag data link delays are
ignored because the data link size handled by the built-in CJ2M port is small.)
Maximum I/O Response Time
Input ON delay + Cycle time of sending PLC × 2 + RPI + Cycle time of receiving PLC × 2 + Output ON delay
Minimum I/O Response Time
Input ON delay + Cycle time of sending PLC + Cycle time of receiving PLC +
Output ON delay
297
Section 10-4
Tag Data Link Performance for CJ2M Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
PLC #1
Node 1
Cycle time: 5 ms
Connection
RPI: 12 ms
20
words
PLC #2
Node 2
20
words
Cycle time: 10 ms
Output ON response
time: 2.0 ms
Input ON response time:
1.5 ms
All connections
EtherNet/IP
Input
Output
Data link
For example, the maximum and minimum I/O response times would be as follows for the above system.
Maximum response time:
1.5 ms + 5 ms × 2 + 12 ms + 10 ms × 2 + 2.0 ms = 45.5 ms
Minimum response time:
1.5 ms + 5 ms + 10 ms + 2.0 ms = 18.5 ms
Note
298
If the message service is used at the same time on the CJ2M built-in port, the
tag data link I/O response time will change.
Section 10-5
Message Service Transmission Delay
10-5 Message Service Transmission Delay
This section explains the maximum transmission delay that can occur
between the execution of a SEND(090), RECV(098), or CMND(490) instruction in the ladder program until completion of the instruction. This delay does
not include the time required for the tag data link or the execution time of the
ladder program itself.
10-5-1 Maximum Transmission Delays (Excluding Delays in the Network)
Use the following equation to calculate the maximum transmission delay that
can occur between the execution of a SEND(090) or RECV(098) instruction in
the ladder program until completion of the instruction.
SEND(090) Instruction
Execution of SEND(090)
in user program
CPU Bus Unit service cycle
(Local node)
CPU Bus Unit service processing time
(Local node)
Send processing
Transmission delay
Receive processing
CPU Bus Unit service cycle
(Remote node)
CPU Bus Unit service
processing time (Remote node)
CPU data set
processing
Maximum transmission delay
Maximum transmission delay =
CPU Bus Unit service cycle (local node)
+ CPU Bus Unit service processing time (local node)
+ Send processing
+ Transmission delay
+ Receive processing
+ CPU Bus Unit service cycle (remote node)
+ CPU Bus Unit service processing time (remote node)
CPU Bus Unit Service
Cycle (Local Node)
The following table shows the service cycle, which depends on the CPU Unit’s
CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Processing time details
Normal Mode (See note.)
One CPU Unit cycle time
Priority peripheral servicing
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Parallel processing with asyn- 0.2 ms + peripheral servicing time (1 ms max. for
chronous memory access
peripheral servicing of each Special I/O Unit, CPU
Bus Unit, peripheral port, RS-232C port, and Inner
Board)
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
299
Section 10-5
Message Service Transmission Delay
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
CPU Bus Unit Service
Processing Time (Local
Node)
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service processing time, which
depends on the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Processing time details
Set peripheral servicing time
Default: 4% of CPU Unit cycle time
(10% for CJ2 CPU Units)
Priority peripheral servicing
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Parallel processing with asyn- 1 ms max.
chronous memory access
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
Send Processing
(Number of words being transferred × 0.002) + 0.550 ms
Transmission Delay
The transmission delay time depends on the baud rate set for the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, as shown in the following table. (There may
be additional delays due to the other devices in the network, such as switching hubs.)
Baud rate
100Base-TX
10Base-T
Delay time
(Number of words being transferred × 0.0013) + 0.0118 ms
(Number of words being transferred × 0.0019) + 0.0157 ms
Receive Processing
(Number of words being transferred × 0.003) + 0.704 ms
CPU Bus Unit Service
Cycle (Remote Node)
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service cycle, which depends on
the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Processing time details
One CPU Unit cycle time
EtherNet/IP Unit or Time slice instruction execution
built-in EtherNet/IP time
port is given priority.
EtherNet/IP Unit or One CPU Unit cycle time
built-in EtherNet/IP
port is not given
priority.
One CPU Unit cycle time
Parallel processing with asyn- 0.2 ms + peripheral servicing time (1 ms max. for
chronous memory access
peripheral servicing of each Special I/O Unit, CPU
Bus Unit, peripheral port, RS-232C port, and Inner
Board)
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
300
Section 10-5
Message Service Transmission Delay
CPU Bus Unit Service
Processing Time (Remote
Node)
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service processing time, which
depends on the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Processing time details
Set peripheral servicing time
Default: 4% of CPU Unit cycle time
(10% for CJ2 CPU Units)
EtherNet/IP Unit or Time slice peripheral servicing
built-in EtherNet/IP execution time
port is given priority.
EtherNet/IP Unit or Set peripheral servicing time
built-in EtherNet/IP (Default: 4% of CPU Unit cycle
port is not given
time)
priority.
Parallel processing with synSet peripheral servicing time
chronous memory access
Default: 4% of CPU Unit cycle time
(10% for CJ2 CPU Units)
Parallel processing with asyn- 1 ms max.
chronous memory access
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
Note
Example Calculation
Depending on the actual operating environment, the transmission time may
be longer than the one calculated with the equations given here. The following
factors can cause longer transmission times: other traffic on the network, window sizes of network nodes, other traffic at the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port itself (e.g., simultaneous tag data link communications), and the
system configuration.
In this example, SEND(090) is used to send 256 words of data between two
PLCs. The maximum transmission delay is calculated based on the following
operating conditions.
• Local node’s CPU cycle time: 10 ms
• Local node’s CPU execution mode: Normal
• Local node’s CPU peripheral servicing time: Default (4%)
• Remote node’s CPU cycle time: 5 ms
• Remote node’s CPU execution mode: Normal
• Remote node’s CPU peripheral servicing time: Default (4%)
• Baud rate: 100Base-TX
Item
CPU Bus Unit service cycle (local
node)
CPU Bus Unit service processing
time (local node)
Send processing
Transmission delay
Receive processing
CPU Bus Unit service cycle (remote
node)
CPU Bus Unit service processing
time (remote node)
Maximum transmission delay
Calculated value
10 ms
0.4 ms
(256 × 0.002) + 0.550 = 1.062 ≅ 1.1 ms
(256 × 0.0013) + 0.0118 = 0.3446 ≅ 0.3 ms
(256 × 0.003) + 0.704 = 1.472 ≅ 1.5 ms
5 ms
0.2 ms
10 + 0.4 + 1.1 + 0.3 + 1.5 + 5 + 0.2 = 18.5 ms
301
Section 10-5
Message Service Transmission Delay
RECV(098) Instruction
Execution of RECV(099)
in user program
CPU Bus Unit service cycle
(Local node, 1)
CPU Bus Unit service cycle
(Local node, 2)
CPU Bus Unit service
processing time (Local node, 2)
CPU Bus Unit service processing time
(Local node, 1)
Send processing
(Command)
Transmission delay
(Response)
Transmission delay
(Command)
CPU data set
processing
Transmission delay
(Response)
Receive processing
(Command)
Send processing
(Response)
CPU Bus Unit service processing time
(Remote node)
CPU Bus Unit service cycle
(Remote node)
Maximum transmission delay
Maximum transmission delay =
CPU Bus Unit service cycle (Local node, 1)
+ CPU Bus Unit service processing time (Local node, 1)
+ Send processing (Command)
+ Transmission delay (Command)
+ Receive processing (Command)
+ CPU Bus Unit service cycle (remote node)
+ CPU Bus Unit service processing time (remote node)
+ Send processing (Response)
+ Transmission delay (Response)
+ Receive processing (Response)
+ CPU Bus Unit service cycle (Local node, 2)
+ CPU Bus Unit service processing time (Local node, 2)
CPU Bus Unit Service
Cycle (Local Node, 1)
The following table shows the service cycle, which depends on the CPU Unit’s
CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Parallel processing with asynchronous memory access
Note
Processing time details
One CPU Unit cycle time
0.2 ms + peripheral servicing time (1 ms max. for
peripheral servicing of each Special I/O Unit, CPU
Bus Unit, peripheral port, RS-232C port, and Inner
Board)
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
CPU Bus Unit Service
Processing Time (Local
Node, 1)
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service processing time, which
depends on the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Parallel processing with asynchronous memory access
Note
302
Processing time details
Set peripheral servicing time
Default: 4% of CPU Unit cycle time
(10% for CJ2 CPU Units)
1 ms max.
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
Section 10-5
Message Service Transmission Delay
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
Send Processing
Command
Response
Transmission Delay
0.550 ms
(Number of words being transferred × 0.002) + 0.550 ms
The transmission delay time depends on the baud rate set for the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, as shown in the following table. (There may
be additional delays due to the other devices in the network, such as switching hubs.)
Baud rate
Delay time
100Base-TX Command 0.0118 ms
Response (Number of words transferred × 0.0013) + 0.0118 ms
10Base-T
Command 0.0157 ms
Response (Number of words transferred × 0.0019) + 0.0157 ms
Receive Processing
Command
Response
CPU Bus Unit Service
Cycle (Remote Node)
0.704 ms
(Number of words being transferred × 0.003) + 0.704 ms
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service cycle, which depends on
the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Processing time details
One CPU Unit cycle time
EtherNet/IP Unit or Time slice instruction execution
built-in EtherNet/IP time
port is given priority.
EtherNet/IP Unit or One CPU Unit cycle time
built-in EtherNet/IP
port is not given
priority.
One CPU Unit cycle time
Parallel processing with asyn- 0.2 ms + peripheral servicing time (1 ms max. for
chronous memory access
peripheral servicing of each Special I/O Unit, CPU
Bus Unit, peripheral port, RS-232C port, and Inner
Board)
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
CPU Bus Unit Service
Processing Time (Remote
Node)
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service processing time, which
depends on the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Processing time details
4% of CPU Unit cycle time
(10% for CJ2 CPU Units)
EtherNet/IP Unit or Time slice peripheral servicing
built-in EtherNet/IP execution time
port is given priority.
EtherNet/IP Unit or Set peripheral servicing time
built-in EtherNet/IP (Default: 4% of CPU Unit cycle
port is not given
time)
priority.
303
Section 10-5
Message Service Transmission Delay
CPU execution mode
Processing time details
Parallel processing with syn4% of CPU Unit cycle time
chronous memory access
Parallel processing with asyn- 1 ms max.
chronous memory access
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
CPU Bus Unit Service
Cycle (Local Node, 2)
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service cycle, which depends on
the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Processing time details
One CPU Unit cycle time
EtherNet/IP Unit or Time slice instruction execution
built-in EtherNet/IP time
port is given priority.
EtherNet/IP Unit or One CPU Unit cycle time
built-in EtherNet/IP
port is not given
priority.
One CPU Unit cycle time
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Parallel processing with asyn- 0.2 ms + peripheral servicing time (1 ms max. for
chronous memory access
peripheral servicing of each Special I/O Unit, CPU
Bus Unit, peripheral port, RS-232C port, and Inner
Board)
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
CPU Bus Unit Service
Processing Time (Local
Node, 2)
The following table shows the CPU Bus Unit service processing time, which
depends on the CPU Unit’s CPU processing mode setting.
CPU execution mode
Normal Mode (See note.)
Priority peripheral servicing
Parallel processing with synchronous memory access
Processing time details
4% of CPU Unit cycle time
(10% for CJ2 CPU Units)
EtherNet/IP Unit or Time slice peripheral servicing
built-in EtherNet/IP execution time
port is given priority.
EtherNet/IP Unit or Set peripheral servicing time
built-in EtherNet/IP (Default: 4% of CPU Unit cycle
port is not given
time)
priority.
4% of CPU Unit cycle time
Parallel processing with asyn- 1 ms max.
chronous memory access
Note
CJ2 CPU Units support only Normal Mode.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
Note
304
Depending on the actual operating environment, the transmission time may
be longer than the one calculated with the equations given here. The following
factors can cause longer transmission times: other traffic on the network, window sizes of network nodes, other traffic at the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port itself (e.g., simultaneous tag data link communications), and the
system configuration.
Section 10-5
Message Service Transmission Delay
Example Calculation
In this example, RECV(098) is used to receive 256 words of data from another
PLC. The maximum transmission delay is calculated based on the following
operating conditions.
• Local node’s CPU cycle time: 10 ms
• Local node’s CPU execution mode: Normal
• Local node’s CPU peripheral servicing time: Default (4%)
• Remote node’s CPU cycle time: 15 ms
• Remote node’s CPU execution mode: Normal
• Remote node’s CPU peripheral servicing time: Default (4%)
• Baud rate: 100Base-TX
Item
CPU Bus Unit service cycle (local
node, 1)
CPU Bus Unit service processing
time (local node, 1)
Send processing (command)
Transmission delay (command)
Receive processing (command)
CPU Bus Unit service cycle (remote
node)
CPU Bus Unit service processing
time (remote node)
Send processing (command)
Transmission delay (command)
Receive processing (command)
CPU Bus Unit service cycle (local
node, 2)
CPU Bus Unit service processing
time (local node, 2)
Maximum transmission delay
Calculated value
10 ms
0.4 ms
0.550 ms ≅ 0.5 ms
0.0118 ms ≅ 0.1 ms
0.704 ms ≅ 0.7 ms
15 ms
0.6 ms
(256 × 0.002) + 0.550 = 1.062 ≅ 1.1 ms
(256 × 0.0013) + 0.0118 = 0.3446 ≅ 0.3 ms
(256 × 0.003) + 0.704 = 1.472 ≅ 1.5 ms
10 ms
0.4 ms
10 + 0.4 + 0.5 + 0.1 + 0.7 + 15 + 0.6 + 1.1 +
0.3 + 1.5 + 10 + 0.4 = 40.6 ms
305
Message Service Transmission Delay
306
Section 10-5
SECTION 11
FTP Server
This section describes the functions provided by the FTP server.
11-1 Overview and Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
308
11-1-1 Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
308
11-1-2 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
309
11-2 FTP Server Function Details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
309
11-2-1 File Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
309
11-2-2 Connecting to the FTP Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
310
11-3 Using the FTP Server Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
311
11-3-1 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
311
11-3-2 List of Settings Required for the FTP Server Function . . . . . . . . . .
311
11-3-3 FTP Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
312
11-4 FTP Server Application Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
313
11-5 Using FTP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
314
11-5-1 Table of Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
314
11-5-2 Using the Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
314
11-5-3 Error Messages and FTP Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
319
11-6 Checking FTP Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
320
11-6-1 FTP Status Flag. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
320
11-7 Using File Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
321
11-7-1 File Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
321
11-7-2 File Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
321
11-7-3 Initializing File Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
323
11-7-4 I/O Memory Data Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
323
11-8 FTP File Transfer Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
326
11-9 Host Computer Application Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
327
307
Section 11-1
Overview and Specifications
11-1 Overview and Specifications
11-1-1 Overview
The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port has a built-in FTP (File
Transfer Protocol) server function, so other computers on the Ethernet can
read or write (upload/download) large files in the EM file memory by executing
FTP commands from the FTP client software.
FTP can be used for EtherNet/IP Units with unit version 2.0 or later.
FTP client
Intranet
Specify the file and upload or download
using FTP commands such as get and put.
Ethernet
Download
EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port
Upload
Large file
Files in the EM File Memory or the
Memory Card mounted to the CPU
Unit.
Note
308
Only one FTP client can connect at the same time.
Section 11-2
FTP Server Function Details
11-1-2 Specifications
Item
Executable commands
Protection
Protocol
Number of connections
Specification
open:
Connects the specified host FTP server.
user:
Specifies user name for the remote FTP server.
ls:
Displays the Memory Card file names.
dir:
Display the Memory Card file names and details.
rename: Changes a file name.
mkdir: Creates a new directory in the working directory in the remote host.
rmdir: Deletes a new directory from the working directory in the remote host.
cd:
Changes the Ethernet Unit work directory to the specified directory.
cdup:
Changes the working directory at the remote host to the parent directory.
pwd:
Displays the Ethernet Unit work directory.
type:
Specifies the data type of transferred files.
get:
Transfers the specified file from the Memory Card to the local host.
mget:
Transfers multiple files from the Memory Card to the local host.
put:
Transfers the specified local file to the Memory Card.
mput:
Transfers multiple local files to the Memory Card.
delete: Deletes the specified file from the Memory Card.
mdelete: Deletes multiple files from the Memory Card.
close: Disconnects the FTP server.
bye:
Closes the FTP (client).
quit:
Closes the FTP (client).
FTP login name consists of 12 letters max. CONFIDENTIAL is the default login name.
Password consists of 8 characters max.
FTP (port number: 20/TCP, 21/TCP)
1
Note
The PLC, however, is unable to read or write files at other nodes using FTP
because the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port does not support
FTP client functions.
11-2 FTP Server Function Details
11-2-1 File Types
The file system in the CPU Unit that can be accessed by the EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port includes files in any Memory Card mounted in the
CPU Unit and files in the EM file memory. The directory tree is shown below.
/:
root
MEMCARD:
Memory card directory
EM:
EM file memory directory
A connection will be initially made to the root directory.
Note
1. The date of the MEMCARD directory displayed for ls or dir commands in
the root directory will be the date of the file system volume label.
2. The login date will be displayed for EM files and for MEMCARD if a volume
label has not been created.
309
Section 11-2
FTP Server Function Details
11-2-2 Connecting to the FTP Server
The host computer must connect to the FTP server before the FTP server
functions can be used. The login name and password set in the Unit Setup
will be used when connecting. The default FTP login name is “CONFIDENTIAL” and no password is required.
The FTP server in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port can connect to only one client at a time. If a client attempts to connect when the FTP
server is in use, a message will be returned and connection will be refused.
Note
When general-purpose FTP software is used, files can be transferred and
read using a graphical user interface similar to Explorer.
Login Name and Password Setting
The default login name for FTP is “CONFIDENTIAL” and no password is set
for the default login, so login is possible by simply entering “CONFIDENTIAL”
as the login name. A user-set login name and password can also be set in the
User Setup (CPU Bus Unit System Setup).
Login Messages
Status
Normal
connection
FTP server
busy
Message
220 xxx.xx.xx.xx yyyyyyyyyy FTP server (FTP Version z.zz) ready.
xxx.xx.xx.xx: IP address of EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
yyyyyyyyyy: EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port model
number (e.g., CS1W-EIP21)
z.zz: Firmware version of EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port
221 FTP server busy, Goodbye.
Setting Restrictions
The following restrictions apply to login names and passwords.
• The login name and password must consist of alphanumeric characters,
hyphens, and/or underscores. They are not case sensitive.
• A login name consists of 12 characters.
• A password consists of 8 characters.
• Always set a password when setting a new login name. The login name
will not be valid unless a password is set for it.
• If a login name is not set or contains illegal characters, the default login
name, CONFIDENTIAL, must be used. No password is required and any
password that is set will be ignored.
FTP File Transfer Mode
FTP has two file transfer modes: ASCII mode and binary mode. Before starting to transfer files, use the type command (specifies the data type of transferred files) to select the required mode.
Always select binary mode for binary files (extensions .IOM, .STD, or .OBJ) in
the CS/CJ-series file memory and other program files (with extensions such
as .CXP).
310
Section 11-3
Using the FTP Server Function
11-3 Using the FTP Server Function
11-3-1 Procedure
1,2,3...
1. Make the basic settings.
Refer to Initial Settings on page 36.
2. When using a user-set FTP login name and password:
With the CX-Programmer online, right-click the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port in the IO Table Dialog Box of the CX-Programmer, and
select Edit - Unit Setup. Set the following on the FTP Tab Page of the Edit
Parameters Dialog Box.
• FTP login name
• FTP password.
3. Select Transfer to PLC from the PLC Menu and click the Yes Button. The
setting data will be transferred to the CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area in
the CPU Unit.
4. When reading from and writing to the Memory Card:
Mount the Memory Card into the CPU Unit.
5. Connect the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port using the FTP client software.
6. Enter the FTP login name and password set in the Unit Setup and log into
the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Note
Once logged in, the ftp commands can be used, such as cd
(Change Directory), and get (Obtain File).
7. Search in the following directories for the required file in the Memory Card
mounted to the CPU Unit or the EM File Memory.
File memory type
Memory Card
EM File Memory
Directory
\MEMCARD
\EM
8. Download the files.
9. Exit the connection.
Note
The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port will be restarted when the
settings data is transferred to the CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area, so that
the new settings are read and become effective. Verify that it is safe for the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port to restart before transferring the
settings data.
11-3-2 List of Settings Required for the FTP Server Function
Make the following settings for the unit setup when the server function is
used.
CX-Programmer
tab
FTP
Settings
Login
Password
Port No.
Setting conditions
Page
User-set (when the default, CON- 312
FIDENTIAL, is not used)
User-set
Rarely required (when the default,
21, is not used)
311
Section 11-3
Using the FTP Server Function
11-3-3 FTP Tab
The CPU Bus Unit System Setup, which is set when using the FTP server
function, is shown in the CX-Programmer's Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
■
Settings
Setting
Login
Password
Port No.
312
Details
Set the login name to externally connect to
the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port via FTP.
Default value
None
(CONFIDENTIAL is
used.)
Set the password to externally connect to the None
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
via FTP.
FTP port number of the EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port.
This setting does not normally need to be
changed.
FTP uses two ports: a port for control and a
port for data transfer. Set the control port
only. The data transfer port uses the value
set for the control port –1.
0
(21 is used.)
Section 11-4
FTP Server Application Example
11-4 FTP Server Application Example
The following procedure shows how to use the FTP server by connection with
the default login name, CONFIDENTIAL. No password is required.
Note
The login name and a password must be set in the CPU Bus Setup for the
Ethernet Unit in the CPU Unit to use any login name other than CONFIDENTIAL.
Note
When general-purpose FTP software is used, files can be transferred and
read using a graphical user interface similar to Explorer.
1,2,3...
1. Make sure that a Memory Card is inserted in the CPU Unit and turn ON the
power supply to the PLC. If EM File Memory is to be used, create the EM
File Memory.
2. Connect to the FTP server from a computer on the Ethernet by entering
the text that is underlined in the following diagram.
IP address of the Ethernet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
$ ftp 150.31.2.83
connected to 150.31.2.83
220 **IPaddress** CJ1W-EIP21 FTP server(FTP**version**)ready
Name:CONFIDENTIAL
Results
Login name
230 Guest logged in.
3. Enter FTP commands (underlined in the following diagram) to read and
write files. The following directory tree is used in this example.
/:
root
EM
MEMCARD
ABC (subdirectory)
DEF.IOM (file)
ftp> ls
File names read
200 PORT command successful.
150 opening data connection for ls(**IPaddress**port#**)(0bytes).
MEMCARD
EM
Results
226 Transfer complete.
** bytes received in 0 seconds(**bytes/s)
ftp> cd MEMCARD
Change to MEMCARD
directory
250 CWD command successful.
Results
ftp> get ABC/DEF.IOM
Transfer DEF.IOM from
ABC directory
200 PORT command successful.
150 opening data connection for abc/def.iom(**IPaddress**port#**)(**bytes).
Results
226 Transfer complete
**bytes received in *.*** seconds(**bytes/s)
313
Section 11-5
Using FTP Commands
11-5 Using FTP Commands
This section describes the FTP commands which the host computer (FTP client) can send to the FTP server of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port. The descriptions should also apply to most UNIX workstations, but slight
differences may arise. Refer to your workstation’s operation manuals for
details.
11-5-1 Table of Commands
The FTP commands which can be sent to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port are listed in the following table.
Command
open
user
ls
dir
rename
mkdir
rmdir
cd
cdup
pwd
type
get
mget
put
mput
delete
mdelete
close
bye
quit
Description
Connects the specified host FTP server.
Specifies user name for the remote FTP server.
Displays the Memory Card file names.
Display the Memory Card file names and details.
Changes a file name.
Creates a new directory in the working directory in the remote host.
Deletes a new directory from the working directory in the remote host.
Changes the Ethernet Unit work directory to the specified directory.
Changes the working directory at the remote host to the parent directory.
Displays the Ethernet Unit work directory.
Specifies the data type of transferred files.
Transfers the specified file from the Memory Card to the local host.
Transfers multiple files from the Memory Card to the local host.
Transfers the specified local file to the Memory Card.
Transfers multiple local files to the Memory Card.
Deletes the specified file from the Memory Card.
Deletes multiple files from the Memory Card.
Disconnects the FTP server.
Closes the FTP (client).
Closes the FTP (client).
• The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is considered to be the
remote host and the host computer (FTP client) is considered to be the
local host.
• A remote file is a file on the Memory Card or in EM File Memory in the
CPU Unit. A local file is one in the host computer (FTP client).
• The parent directory is the directory one above the working directory.
11-5-2 Using the Commands
open
Format
open [IP_address or host_name_of_FTP_server]
Function
Connects the FTP server. Normally when the FTP client is booted, the FTP
server IP address is specified to execute this command automatically.
314
Section 11-5
Using FTP Commands
user
Format
user [user_name]
Function
Specifies the user name. Specify the FTP login name set in the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port system setup. The default FTP login name is
“CONFIDENTIAL.”
If a non-default login name is used, it must be followed by the password. In
this case, enter the FTP password set in the system setup.
The user name is automatically requested immediately after connection to the
FTP server.
ls
Format
ls [-l] [REMOTE_FILE_NAME [local_file_name]]
Function
Displays the remote host (Memory Card or EM File Memory) file names.
Set the switch [-l] to display not only the file names but the creation date and
size as well. If the switch is not set, only the file names will be displayed.
You can specify a file name in the Memory Card or EM File Memory if desired.
If a local file name is specified, the file information will be stored in the specified file in the host computer.
dir
Format
dir [REMOTE_FILE_NAME [local_file_name]]
Function
Displays the file names, date created, and size of the files in the remote host
(Memory Card or EM File Memory). It displays the same information as command [ls -l].
Specify a file name in the Memory Card or EM File Memory as the remote file
name.
If a local file name is specified, the file information is stored in the specified file
in the host computer.
rename
Format
rename CURRENT_FILE_NAME NEW_FILE_NAME
Function
Changes the specified current file name to the specified new file name.
rename can be used only to change the file name. It cannot be used to move
the file to a different directory.
315
Section 11-5
Using FTP Commands
mkdir
Format
mkdir DIRECTORY_NAME
Function
Creates a directory of the specified name at the remote host (Memory Card or
EM File Memory).
An error will occur if a file or directory of the same name already exists in the
working directory.
rmdir
Format
rmdir DIRECTORY_NAME
Function
Deletes the directory of the specified name from the remote host (Memory
Card or EM File Memory).
The directory must be empty to delete it.
An error will occur if the specified directory does not exist or is empty.
pwd
Format
pwd
Function
Displays the remote host’s (Ethernet Unit) current work directory.
cd
Format
cd [directory_name]
Function
Changes the remote host (Ethernet Unit) work directory to the specified
remote directory.
The files in the Memory Card are contained in the MEMCARD directory under
the root directory (/). The files in EM File Memory are contained in the EM
directory under the root directory (/). The root directory (/) is the directory used
when logging into the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. No MEMCARD directory will exist if a Memory Card is not inserted in the PLC or if the
Memory Card power indicator is not lit. No EM directory will exist if EM File
Memory does not exist.
cdup
Format
cdup
Function
Changes the working directory at the remote host to the parent directory (one
directory above the current working directory).
316
Section 11-5
Using FTP Commands
type
Format
type data_type
Function
Specifies the file data type. The following data types are supported:
ascii:
Files are transferred as ASCII data
binary (image): Files are transferred as binary data.
All files are treated by the PLC as binary files. Before reading or writing any
files, always use the type command to set the file type to binary. File contents cannot be guaranteed if transferred as ASCII data.
The default file type is ASCII.
get
Format
get FILE_NAME [receive_file_name]
Function
Transfers the specified remote file from the Memory Card or EM File Memory
to the local host.
A receive file name can be used to specify the name of the file in the local
host.
mget
Format
mget FILE_NAME
Function
Allows the use of a wildcard character (*) to transfer multiple remote files from
the Memory Card or EM File Memory to the local host.
put
Format
put file_name [DESTINATION_FILE_NAME]
Function
Transfers the specified local file to the remote host (Memory Card or EM File
Memory).
A destination file name can be used to specify the name the file is stored
under in the Memory Card or EM File Memory.
Any existing file with the same name in the remote host (Memory Card or EM
File Memory) will be overwritten by the contents of the transferred file.
If an error occurs during file transfer, the file being transferred will be deleted
and the transmission will end in an error.
mput
Format
mput FILE_NAME
Function
Allows the use of a wildcard character (*) to transfer multiple local files to the
remote host (Memory Card or EM File Memory).
317
Section 11-5
Using FTP Commands
Any existing file with the same name in the remote host (Memory Card or EM
File Memory) will be overwritten by the contents of the transferred file.
If an error occurs during file transfer, the file being transferred will be deleted
and the transmission of that file will end in an error. However, mput execution
will continue and remaining files will be transferred.
delete
Format
delete FILE_NAME
Function
Deletes the specified remote file from the Memory Card or EM File Memory.
mdelete
Format
mdelete FILE_NAME
Function
Allows the use of a wildcard character (*) to delete multiple remote files from
the Memory Card or EM File Memory.
close
Format
close
Function
Disconnects the FTP server of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port.
bye
Format
bye
Function
Ends the FTP (client).
quit
Format
quit
Function
Ends the FTP (client).
318
Section 11-5
Using FTP Commands
11-5-3 Error Messages and FTP Status
Error Messages
The error messages returned by the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port are listed in the following table.
Message
PPP is a directory.
PPP is not a directory.
Another unit has access authority
(FINS error 0 x 3001).
Bad sequence of commands.
Can't create data socket (X.X.X.X, YY).
Cannot access to device (FINS error 0 x 250F).
Cannot get memory blocks.
Command format error (FINS error 0 x 1003).
Connect error.
Directories of old and new paths are not same.
Directory name length exceeded max. size.
Directory not empty (FINS error 0 x 2108).
Fatal error (FINS error 0 x 1101).
Fatal error (FINS error 0 x 1103).
File or directory already exists.
File or directory already exists
(FINS error 0 x 2107).
File or directory name illegal.
File or directory name illegal
(FINS error 0 x 110C).
File read error (FINS error 0 x 1104).
File read error (FINS error 0 x 110B).
File write error (FINS error 0 x 2106).
File write error (FINS error 0 x 2107).
FINS error MRES 0 x XX: SRES 0 x XX.
Length of directory name too long.
No space to create entry (FINS error 0 x 2103).
No such device (FINS error 0 x 2301).
No such file or directory.
No such file or directory (FINS error 0 x 2006).
No such file or directory (FINS error 0 x 2106).
Not enough memory.
Not enough space in the system.
(FINS error 1104).
PLC communication error (timeout).
Socket canceled.
Socket error NN.
Socket receive error NN.
Socket send error NN.
Timeout (900 seconds): closing control connection.
Too many open files.
Write access denied.
Write access denied. (FINS error 0 x 2101).
Meaning
The path name indicated at PPP is a directory.
The path name indicated at PPP is not a directory.
Another Unit currently has the access right.
The RNFR command has not been executed.
A socket cannot be created.
A file device error has occurred.
A message memory block cannot be allocated.
The command format is incorrect.
A connection error has occurred.
The directories before and after changing the name are different.
The directory name is too long.
The directory must be empty to delete it.
A parameter error has occurred.
The specified file or directory name already exists.
The file or directory name is incorrect.
An error occurs when reading the file.
An error occurs when reading the file.
Some other FINS error has occurred.
The path name of the directory is too long.
There are too many files to create a new one.
The file device cannot be found.
The specified file or directory does not exist.
The communications buffers are full.
The file device is full.
File access timed out.
The socket was canceled.
A socket bind error occurred. The error code will be given at NN.
A data reception error occurred. The error code will be given at NN.
A data send error occurred. The error code will be given at NN.
The connection was closed because the client did not respond for
15 minutes.
Too many sockets have been created.
Writing is not possible.
319
Section 11-6
Checking FTP Status
PPP:
XXX:
YY:
MM:
NN:
Path name
IP address
Port number
FINS error code
Socket error code
11-6 Checking FTP Status
11-6-1 FTP Status Flag
The current status of the FTP server can be obtained from the service status
in the words allocated to the EtherNet/IP Unit in the CPU Bus Unit Area in the
CIO Area. The word containing the FTP Status Flag can be computed as follows: CIO 1500 + (25 x unit number) + 13
15 14 13 12 11 10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
n+13
FTP Status Flag
Status of
bit 00
1
0
Note
Meaning
FTP server busy (a user is connected)
FTP server free
1. File operations for files on the Memory Card are performed during FTP
communications. Do not remove the Memory Card or turn OFF power to
the PLC while FTP is being used.
2. When using File Memory Instruction from the program in the CPU Unit,
program exclusive control using the FTP Status Flag so that the same data
is not manipulated simultaneously by more than one instruction.
320
Section 11-7
Using File Memory
11-7 Using File Memory
There are two media that can be used to store files in memory for CS/CJseries PLCs:
• Memory Cards
• EM File Memory
CPU Unit
File
Memory Card
File
File
EM File
Memory
File
11-7-1 File Memory
Media
CS/CJseries
Memory
Cards
EM File
Memory
Memory type
Capacity
Flash memory 8 MB
15 MB
30 MB
RAM
Model
HMC-EF861
HMC-EF171
HMC-EF371
File data recognized by CPU Unit
• Complete user program
• Specified portions of I/O Memory
• Parameter area data (e.g. PLC
Setup)
Max. capacity of EM Area All EM Area banks
in CPU Unit
from specified bank in
I/O Memory (specified
in PLC Setup)
11-7-2 File Types
■ File Names
Files are distinguished by assigning file names and extensions. The following
characters can be used in file names and extensions:
Alphanumeric characters: A to Z and 0 to 9. (Names converted to all-caps)
!&$#’[]-^()_
The following characters cannot be used in files names and extensions:
, . / ? * ” : ; < > = + (spaces)
File names are not case sensitive and will be converted to all-caps in the PLC
file system. File names can be up to 8 character long with 3-character extensions. An error will occur if a file name or extension is too long. The first period
(.) in a file name will be taken as the delimiter between the file name and
extension. Extensions are determined by the file type.
■ Directories
Up to five levels of directories (including root as the first level) can be created
as file storage locations. A maximum of 65 characters can be used in directory names.
321
Section 11-7
Using File Memory
File Names Handled by CPU Unit
The files described in the following table can be read or written by the CPU
Unit.
File type
Data file
File name
********
Extension
Contents
.IOM
Specified ranges of
I/O Memory
Program file
********
.OBJ
Parameter area file
********
.STD
Files
transferred at
startup
Data files
AUTOEXEC .IOM
Program
files
AUTOEXEC .OBJ
Parameter
area file
AUTOEXEC .STD
Note
Description
• Contains word (16-bit) data from a starting
word through an end word in one memory
area.
• The following areas can be used: CIO, HR,
WR, AR, DM, and EM.
Complete user pro• Contains all the programs for cyclic tasks
gram
and interrupt tasks, as well as task information for one CPU Unit.
• Contains all of the parameter data for one
• PLC Setup
CPU Unit.
• Registered I/O
• There is no need for the user to distinguish
tables
the various types of data contained in the
• Routing tables
file.
• CPU Bus Unit
•
The
file can be automatically read to or
Setup and other
written from the CPU Unit simply by specisetup data
fying the extension (.STD)
I/O Memory data for
• There does not necessarily need to be a
the specified number
data file in the Memory Card when the
of words starting from
automatic file transfer function is used at
D20000
startup.
• The AUTOEXEC.IOM file always contains
DM Area data starting at D20000.
• All data in the file will be transferred to
memory starting at D20000 at startup.
Complete user pro• There must be a program file in the Memgram
ory Card when the automatic file transfer
function is used at startup.
• Contains all the programs for cyclic tasks
and interrupt tasks, as well as task information for one CPU Unit.
• There must be a parameter file in the
• PLC Setup
Memory Card when the automatic file
• Registered I/O
transfer function is used at startup.
tables
• Contains all of the parameter data for one
• Routing tables
CPU Unit.
• CPU Bus Unit
•
There is no need for the user to distinguish
Setup and other
the various types of data contained in the
setup data
file.
• All parameters in the file will be automatically transferred to specified locations in
memory at startup.
1. Refer to information on file memory in the CS/CJ-series Programmable
Controllers Operation Manual (W339).
2. All files transferred automatically at startup must have the name AUTOEXEC.
322
Section 11-7
Using File Memory
11-7-3 Initializing File Memory
Memory
Initialization method
Memory Cards 1. Insert the Memory Card into the CPU Unit.
2. Initialize the Memory Card from a Programming Device
(Programming Consoles included).
EM File Mem- 1. Specify in the PLC Setup the first bank to convert to file memory.
ory
2. Initialize EM File Memory from the CX-Programmer.
11-7-4 I/O Memory Data Format
■ IOM Format
The IOM format is a data format used for binary data specified by the ladder
instructions, READ DATA FILE (FREAD(700)) and WRITE DATA FILE
(FWRIT(701)), in the CPU Unit.
If five words of data from the I/O memory (1234 hexadecimal, 5678 hexadecimal, 9ABC hexadecimal, etc.) is contained in an attached file in IOM format,
the data will be stored in the attached file as shown in the following diagram.
Example: Binary data format with a delimiter after every 10 fields.
I/O memory
+0
+10
+0
+1
1234
5678
9ABC DEF0
+2
+3
9ABC DEF0
1234
+4
+5
1234
5678
5678 9ABC DEF0
+6
+7
9ABC DEF0
1234
+8
+9
1234
5678
5678 9ABC
DEF0
.IOM file contents
XX XX
XX 12 34 56 78 9A BC DE F0 12 34
48 bytes
(Reserved by the system.)
■
TXT Format
The TXT format is a data format (using tab delimiters) specified by the ladder
instructions, READ DATA FILE (FREAD(700)) and WRITE DATA FILE
(FWRIT(701)), in the CPU Unit. The format is configured according to the
specified FREAD(700) and FWRIT(701) parameters, as follows:
Data format
• Words without delimiters
• Double words without delimiters
• Words delimited by tabs.
• Double words delimited by tabs
Use of CRs and CR position
• No CRs
• CR after every 10 fields.
• CR after each field.
• CR after every 2 fields.
• CR after every 4 fields.
• CR after every 5 fields.
• CR after every 16 fields.
If data from the I/O memory (1234 hexadecimal, 5678 hexadecimal, 9ABC
hexadecimal, etc.) is contained in an attached file in TXT format, the data will
be converted into ASCII format in words or double-words. The words are
delimited by inserting tabs ([HT]: 09), and carriage returns (CR) after specified
fields ([CR][LF]: 0D0A).
323
Section 11-7
Using File Memory
Example: Data format using words delimited by tabs and CRs after every
10 fields.
I/O memory
+0
+0
+10
+1
1234
5678
9ABC DEF0
+2
+3
9ABC DEF0
1234
+4
+5
1234
5678
+6
+7
9ABC DEF0
5678 9ABC DEF0
1234
+8
+9
1234
5678
5678 9ABC
DEF0
.TXT file contents
31 32 33 34 09 35 36 37 38 09 39 41 42 43 09
1
2
3
4 [HT] 5
6
7
8 [HT] 9
A
B
C [HT]
35 36 37 38 0D 0A 39 41 42 43 09
5
6
7
8 [CR][LF] 9
A
B
C [HT]
.TXT file displayed as text
[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected]
[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected]
@...[HT]: Used to display tab space when displayed as text.
■
CSV Format
The CSV format is a data format (using comma delimiters) that is specified by
ladder instructions, READ DATA FILE (FREAD(700)) and WRITE DATA FILE
(FWRIT(701)), in the CPU Unit. The CSV format is configured according to
the specified FREAD(700) and FWRIT(701) parameters, as follows:
Data format
Words delimited by commas.
Double words delimited by commas.
Use of CRs and CR position
• No CRs
• CR after every 10 fields.
• CR after each field.
• CR after every 2 fields.
• CR after every 4 fields.
• CR after every 5 fields.
• CR after every 16 fields.
If word data from the I/O memory (1234 hexadecimal, 5678 hexadecimal, up
to DEF0 hexadecimal) is contained in an attached file in CSV format, the word
data will be converted into ASCII format in word or double-word units. The
words are delimited by inserting comma delimiters (',':2C), and CRs after
specified fields ([CR][LF]: 0D0A).
324
Section 11-7
Using File Memory
Example: Data format using words delimited by commas with CRs after every
10 fields.
I/O memory
+0
+0
+10
+1
1234
+2
5678
+3
9ABC DEF0
9ABC DEF0
1234
+4
+5
1234
5678
+6
+7
9ABC DEF0
5678 9ABC DEF0
1234
+8
+9
1234
5678
5678 9ABC
DEF0
.CSV file contents
31 32 33 34 2C 35 36 37 38 2C 39 41 42 43 2C
1
2
3
4
,
5
6
7
8
,
9
A
B
C
,
35 36 37 38 0D 0A 39 41 42 43 2C
5
6
7
8 [CR] [LF] 9
A
B
C
,
.TXT file displayed as text
1234,5678,9ABC,DEF0,1234,5678,9ABC,DEF0,1234,5678
9ABC,DEF0,1234,5678,9ABC,DEF0,1234,5678,9ABC,DEF0
Note
FREAD(700) will not be able to read the last byte in a file that has been written to the Memory Card if the file contains an odd number of bytes. Add 00
hexadecimal to the end of the file if necessary to write an even number of
bytes to the Memory Card.
Note
The UM and DM Areas contain binary data. Set the data type to binary using
the type command before reading or writing files using FTP. (Refer to type
on page 317.)
Note
For details on how to use File Memory Instructions, refer to the CS/CJ Series
Instructions Reference Manual (W474).
325
Section 11-8
FTP File Transfer Time
11-8 FTP File Transfer Time
File transfers using FTP can require 30 or 40 minutes depending on the
capacity of the file. Approximate file transfer time are provided in the following
table for reference.
All times are in seconds unless otherwise specified.
■ CS1 CPU Units and CJ1 CPU Units
File system
CPU Unit status Operating mode
Cycle time
Transfers using
1 KB
put
30 KB
60 KB
120 KB
Transfers using
1 KB
get
30 KB
60 KB
120 KB
Memory Card
PROGRAM RUN
--20 ms
0.7 s
6.0 s
4.5 s
38.3 s
7.4 s
72.1 s
14.4 s
141.4 s
0.3 s
1.4 s
2.8 s
19.3 s
4.9 s
37.6 s
9.6 s
75.7 s
EM File Memory
PROGRAM RUN
--20 ms
0.4 s
2.9 s
2.5 s
21.5 s
5.0 s
44.7 s
11.0 s
120.8 s
0.2 s
0.8 s
1.9 s
11.4 s
3.8 s
26.7 s
8.6 s
68.2 s
■ CS1-H CPU Units, CJ1-H CPU Units, CJ1-R CPU Units, CJ2-H CPU Units,
and CJ2M CPU Units
File system
CPU Unit status Operating mode
Cycle time
Transfers using
1 KB
put
30 KB
60 KB
120 KB
Transfers using
1 KB
get
30 KB
60 KB
120 KB
Note
Memory Card
PROGRAM
RUN
--20 ms
0.5 s
2.7 s
1.8 s
11.6 s
3.2 s
21.1 s
6.2 s
40.2 s
0.2 s
0.3 s
1.7 s
4.8 s
2.5 s
9.4 s
4.9 s
18.8 s
EM File Memory
PROGRAM
RUN
--20 ms
0.2 s
0.6 s
0.7 s
6.6 s
1.5 s
14.0 s
3.6 s
32.5 s
0.2 s
0.2 s
1.0 s
4.1 s
2.3 s
9.7 s
4.9 s
27.0 s
1. The above times assume that the Fixed Peripheral Servicing Time in the
PLC Setup is set to the default value of 4%.
2. If the Fixed Peripheral Servicing Time in the PLC Setup is increased, FTP
files will be transferred faster.
326
Host Computer Application Example
Section 11-9
11-9 Host Computer Application Example
The following procedure provides an example of FTP operations from a host
computer. In this example, the following assumptions are made.
• The IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is registered in /etc/hosts on the host name as [cs1].
• The default FTP login name is being used (CONFIDENTIAL).
• A processing results data file called RESULT.IOM already exists on the
Memory Card in the CPU Unit.
• A processing instructions data file called PLAN.IOM already exists on the
workstation.
The following procedure transfers the processing results file RESULT.IOM
from the Memory Card in the CPU Unit to the workstation and then the processing instructions file PLAN.IOM is transferred from the workstation to the
Memory Card in the CPU Unit.
Underlined text is keyed in from the FTP client. The workstation prompt is
indicated as $ and the cursor is indicated as ■.
1,2,3...
1. Start FTP and connect to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
$ ftp cs1 ··· FTP started.
connected to cs1
220 **IPaddress** CS1W-ETN21 FTP server(FTP**version**)ready
Name(cs1:root): ■
2. Enter the login name.
Name(cs1:root):CONFIDENTIAL ··· Login name
230 Guest logged in.
ftp> ■
3. Make sure the Memory Card is inserted. The MEMCARD directory will be
displayed if there is a Memory Card in the CPU Unit.
ftp> ls ··· Make sure the Memory Card is inserted.
200 PORT command successful.
150 opening data connection for ls(**IPaddress**port#**)(0 bytes).
MEMCARD
226 Transfer complete.
15 bytes received in 0 seconds(**bytes/s)
ftp> ■
327
Host Computer Application Example
4. Change to the MEMCARD directory.
ftp> cd MEMCARD ··· Change to MEMCARD directory.
250 CWD command successful.
ftp> ■
5. Change data type to binary.
ftp> type binary ··· Binary data type set.
200 Type set to I.
ftp> ■
6. Transfer the file RESULT.IOM to the workstation.
ftp> get RESULT.IOM ··· File read.
200 PORT command successful.
150 opening data connection for result.iom (**IPaddress**port#**) (**bytes).
226 Transfer complete.
** bytes received in *.*** seconds (**bytes/s)
ftp> ■
7. Write the file PLAN.IOM to the Memory Card.
ftp> put PLAN.IOM ··· File written
200 PORT command successful.
150 opening data connection for plan.iom (**IPaddress**port#**).
226 Transfer complete.
** bytes received in *.** seconds (**bytes/s)
ftp> ■
8. End FTP.
ftp> bye ··· FTP ended.
221 Goodbye.
$ ■
328
Section 11-9
SECTION 12
Automatic Clock Adjustment Function
This section provides an overview of the automatic clock adjustment function, including details on specifications, required
settings, operations from CX-Programmer, and troubleshooting.
12-1 Automatic Clock Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
330
12-1-1 Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
330
12-1-2 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331
12-2 Using the Automatic Clock Adjustment Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331
12-2-1 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331
12-2-2 Settings Required for Automatic Clock Adjustment Function. . . . .
332
12-2-3 Auto Adjust Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
333
12-3 Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
334
12-4 Automatic Clock Adjustment Error Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
334
12-4-1 Automatic Clock Adjustment (SNTP) Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
334
12-4-2 Error Log Error Codes for the Automatic Clock Adjustment Function
334
329
Section 12-1
Automatic Clock Adjustment
12-1 Automatic Clock Adjustment
12-1-1 Overview
The EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port can obtain the clock information from the SNTP server (see note 1) at a particular time or when a designated bit turns ON and then refresh the internal clock information of the CPU
Unit to which it is mounted (referred to as the local CPU Unit).
Intranet
SNTP server
Automatic clock adjustment
The clock information can be broadcast to other CPU Units on the same Network.
Ethernet
24: 00: 00
24: 00: 00
EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port
Clock data is obtained from the
SNTP server and written at a particular
time or when a designated bit turns ON.
Note
(1) The SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) server is used to control the
time on the LAN.
(2) An error will occur in the following CPU Units when the automatic clock
adjustment function is executed under the conditions shown in the table.
CPU Unit
CPU Units manufactured on or
before January 31, 2003 (lot numbers 030131 or earlier):
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
Conditions
When the CPU execution mode is set to other
than normal mode (priority peripheral servicing
mode, parallel processing with synchronous
memory access mode, or parallel processing
with asynchronous memory access mode).
AND
When the CPU Unit operating mode is set to
RUN or MONITOR mode.
(3) The manufacturing date can be determined from the lot number on the
side or top corner of the CPU Unit.
(4) The lot numbers are as follows:
YYMMDDnnnn, in which YY indicates the last two digits of the year, MM
the month, DD the day, and nnnn the serial number.
(5) In accordance with SNTP protocol specifications, automatic adjustment
will not be possible from February 7, 2036. In EtherNet/IP Units or builtin EtherNet/IP ports, this function will no longer operate from February 7,
2036 (an error message will not be displayed).
330
Using the Automatic Clock Adjustment Function
Section 12-2
12-1-2 Specifications
Item
Protocol
Port number
Adjustment timing
Access to SNTP
server
Refresh timing
Specification
SNTP
123 (UDP)
Can also be set from the CX-Programmer in the Unit Setup.
Automatic (fixed time) and manual (manual only cannot be
set)
Obtains the clock information
Writes the clock information
from the SNTP server set up
from the SNTP server to the
on the Network, and applies
local CPU Unit.
the information obtained to
the local CPU Unit.
When the automatic clock adjustment switch is turned from
OFF to ON and at a specified time.
12-2 Using the Automatic Clock Adjustment Function
12-2-1 Procedure
1,2,3...
1. Make the basic settings.
Refer to Initial Settings on page 36.
2. With the CX-Programmer online, right-click the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port in the IO Table Dialog Box of the CX-Programmer, and
select Edit - Unit Setup Set the following on the Auto Adjust Time Tab
Page of the Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
• SNTP server specification (required)
• Access to the SNTP server is enabled when writing clock information
from the SNTP server to the local CPU Unit when the Automatic Clock
Adjustment Switch is turned from OFF to ON and at a set automatic
adjustment time.
• Automatic clock adjustment setting.
3. To perform automatic clock adjustment manually, turn the Automatic Clock
Adjustment Switch from OFF to ON. (The Automatic Clock Adjustment
Switch is word n bit 05 in the words allocated in the CPU Bus Unit Area,
where n = CIO 1500 + (25 × unit number.)
4. Select Transfer to PLC from the PLC Menu and click the Yes Button. The
Unit Setup (CPU Bus System Setup) will be transferred to the CPU Unit
(the setting data will be transferred to the CPU Bus Unit System Setup Area).
331
Section 12-2
Using the Automatic Clock Adjustment Function
12-2-2 Settings Required for Automatic Clock Adjustment Function
The following settings must be set in the Unit Setup when using the automatic
clock adjustment function.
CXProgrammer
tab
Auto Adjust
Time
Settings
Setting conditions
Reference
Server specification
type
IP Address
Host name
Required.
12-2-3 Auto Adjust
Time on page 333
Auto Adjust Time
Retry timer
Optional
Optional (Change
when the default setting of 10 seconds is
unacceptable.)
Optional
Required.
3-8 TCP/IP and Link
Settings on page 54
Rarely required.
(Change when a setting other than the
default setting of 53
is required.)
Optional (Change
when the default setting of 10 seconds is
unacceptable.)
One or the other is
required, depending
on the Server specification type setting.
Port No.
Rarely required.
(Change when a setting other than the
default setting of 123
is required.)
Get the time informa- Required.
tion from the SNTP
server
DNS (See
note.)
Adjust Time
IP Address
Port No.
Retry timer
Note
332
When the Server specification type field in Auto Adjust Time Tab is set to Host
name.
Using the Automatic Clock Adjustment Function
Section 12-2
12-2-3 Auto Adjust Time
The contents in the CPU Bus Unit System Setup that are set for using mail
send and receive functions are shown in the CX-Programmer’s Edit Parameters Dialog Box.
Item
Get the time
information from
the SNTP
server
Auto Adjust
Time
Server specification type
IP Address
Host name
Port No.
Contents
Enable to set the CPU Unit's clock to the time at the
SNTP server's clock.
The clock can be changed only for the CPU Unit to
which the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
is mounted.
Set the time at which the SNTP server is to be
accessed to synchronize the clocks.
When the time that is set here arrives, the SNTP
server is accessed and the CPU Unit clock is
adjusted to match the SNTP server clock.
Select whether the SNTP server used for automatic
clock adjustment is to be specified by IP address or
by host domain name (i.e., by host name).
Set the IP address for the SNTP server that is to be
used for automatic clock adjustment.
This setting is enabled only when server specification
by IP address has been selected.
Set the host domain name (i.e., the host name) for
the SNTP server that is to be used for automatic
clock adjustment.
This setting is enabled only when server specification
by host name has been selected.
Set the port number for connecting to the SNTP
server that is to be used for automatic clock adjustment. This setting does not normally need to be
changed.
Default
Not
selected
(disabled)
0:0:0
IP Address
0.0.0.0
None
0
(Number
123 is
used.)
333
Section 12-3
Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch
Item
Contents
Retry timer
Default
Set the time to elapse before retrying when a connec- 0
tion to the SNTP server fails. This setting does not
(10 s)
normally need to be changed.
This sets in the CPU Unit's clock data the time differ- +0:0
ence made up from the SNTP server's clock data.
To use the clock data from the SNTP server just as it
is, input 0.
Adjust Time
12-3 Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch
The Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch is allocated in the CIO Area as
shown below. The first word n of the CIO Area is calculated using the following equation.
n = CIO 1500 + (25 × unit number)
Automatic Clock
Adjustment Switch
(Bit 05 of n)
The Unit control bit is shown in the following diagram.
15
14
13
12
11
10
09
08
07
06
05
04
03
02
01
00
n
Automatic Clock
Adjustment Switch
When the Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch turns from OFF to ON, the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port obtains the clock data from the SNTP
server on the network, and applies it to the local CPU Unit. After applying the
data, the switch automatically turns OFF again.
12-4 Automatic Clock Adjustment Error Processing
12-4-1 Automatic Clock Adjustment (SNTP) Errors
The following table shows the main causes and remedies for errors that occur
in the automatic clock adjustment function (SNTP).
Cause
SNTP, DNS server address not set
Correction
Reset each server address (IP address or
host name).
SNTP, DNS server communications time- Inspect the communications path (Etherout
Net/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port,
cable connections, hub, router, server),
and correct the situation that is causing
the error.
CPU Unit internal clock could not be set The automatic clock adjustment function
is not supported by certain CPU Units
(models, lot numbers) if they are in RUN
or MONITOR mode.
12-4-2 Error Log Error Codes for the Automatic Clock Adjustment
Function
When an error occurs while the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is
operating, the error code, detailed error code, and time the error occurred are
saved in the error log. The following table provides a list of the error codes.
334
Section 12-4
Automatic Clock Adjustment Error Processing
The error log can be read by sending FINS commands to the EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port or by using the mail receive function and specifying
the ErrorLogRead command.
Error
code
03C1
03C4
03C6
Meaning
Detailed error code
1st byte
2nd byte
Server set- 00H: DNS 01: IP address
ting error
03H:
02: Host name
SNTP
04H: FTP 03: Port number
04: Other
06H:
parameters
BOOTP
07H:
SNMP
08H:
SNMP
Trap
09H:
FINS/
UDP
0AH:
FINS/
TCP
Server
00H: DNS 01: Specified
host does not
connection 03H:
exist
error
SNTP
04H: FTP 02: No service
06H:
at specified host
BOOTP
03: Timeout
07H:
04: Closed uniSNMP
laterally by host
08H:
SNMP
05: Cannot conTrap
nect because
account information does not
match
06: Host name
resolution error
07: Transmission error
08: Reception
error
09: Other error
0AH: Error in
obtained IP
address
Clock data 0001: Clock data could not
write error be refreshed because of a
CPU Unit error.
0002: Clock data could not
be refreshed because the
CPU Unit could not write
clock data in that operation
mode.
Correction
Set the server
settings correctly
based on the
information in the
detailed error
code.
EEPROM
---
Take either of the --following measures.
• Correct the settings for each
server.
• Inspect the communications
path (EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP
port), cable connections, hub,
router, server),
and correct the
situation that is
causing the
error.
Clear the CPU
Unit error.
---
--The automatic
clock adjustment
function is not
supported by certain CPU Units
(models, lot numbers) if they are in
RUN or MONITOR mode.
(See note.)
335
Section 12-4
Automatic Clock Adjustment Error Processing
Note
(1) For details on other error log information, refer to the Operation Manual,
Construction of Networks: SECTION 14 Troubleshooting and Error Processing.
(2) An error will occur in the following CPU Units when the automatic clock
adjustment function is executed under the conditions shown in the table.
CPU Unit
CPU Units manufactured on or
before January 31, 2003 (lot numbers 030131 or earlier):
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
[email protected]@H
Conditions
When the CPU execution mode is set to other
than normal mode (priority peripheral servicing
mode, parallel processing with synchronous
memory access mode, or parallel processing
with asynchronous memory access mode).
AND
When the CPU Unit operating mode is set to
RUN or MONITOR mode.
(3) The manufacturing date can be determined from the lot number on the
side or top corner of the CPU Unit.
(4) The lot numbers are as follows:
YYMMDDnnnn, in which YY indicates the last two digits of the year, MM
the month, DD the day, and nnnn the serial number.
336
SECTION 13
Maintenance and Unit Replacement
This section describes cleaning, inspection, and Unit replacement procedures, as well as the Simple Backup Function.
13-1 Maintenance and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
338
13-1-1 Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
338
13-1-2 Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
338
13-1-3 Unit Replacement Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
338
13-2 Simple Backup Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
339
13-3 Using the Backup Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
343
337
Section 13-1
Maintenance and Replacement
13-1 Maintenance and Replacement
This section describes the routine cleaning and inspection recommended as
regular maintenance, as well as the Unit replacement procedure required if an
EtherNet/IP Unit needs to be replaced.
13-1-1 Cleaning
Clean the EtherNet/IP Unit regularly as described below in order to keep the
network in its optimal operating condition.
• Wipe the Unit daily with a dry, soft cloth.
• When a spot can’t be removed with a dry cloth, dampen the cloth with a
neutral cleanser (2% solution), wring out the cloth, and wipe the Unit.
• A smudge may remain on the Unit from gum, vinyl, or tape that was left on
for a long time. Remove the smudge when cleaning.
!Caution Never use volatile solvents such as paint thinner, benzene, or chemical wipes.
These substances could damage the surface of the Unit.
13-1-2 Inspection
Be sure to inspect the system periodically to keep it in its optimal operating
condition. In general, inspect the system once every 6 to 12 months, but
inspect more frequently if the system is used with high temperature or humidity or under dirty/dusty conditions.
Inspection Equipment
Prepare the following equipment before inspecting the system.
Normally Required
Equipment
Have a standard and Phillips-head screwdriver, multimeter, alcohol, and a
clean cloth.
Occasionally Required
Equipment
Depending on the system conditions, a synchroscope, oscilloscope, thermometer, or hygrometer (to measure humidity) might be needed.
Inspection Procedure
Check the items in the following table and correct any items that are below
standard.
Environmental
conditions
Installation
Item
Ambient and cabinet temperature
Ambient and cabinet humidity
Standard
Inspection
0 to 55°C
Thermometer
10 to 90% (with no condensa- Hygrometer
tion or icing)
Dust/dirt accumulation
None
Visual
Are the Units installed securely?
No looseness
Phillips-head
screwdriver
Are the Ethernet cable connectors No looseness
Visual
fully inserted and locked?
13-1-3 Unit Replacement Procedure
Replace a faulty EtherNet/IP Unit as soon as possible. If the built-in EtherNet/
IP port is faulty, replace the CPU Unit as soon as possible. We recommend
having spare Units available to restore network operation as quickly as possible.
Precautions
Observe the following precautions when replacing a faulty Unit.
• After replacement, verify that there are no errors with the new Unit.
• When a Unit is being returned for repair, attach a sheet of paper detailing
the problem and return the Unit to your OMRON dealer.
338
Section 13-2
Simple Backup Function
• If there is a faulty contact, try wiping the contact with a clean, lint-free
cloth dampened with alcohol.
Note
Settings Required
after Unit
Replacement
To prevent electric shock when replacing a Unit, always stop communications
in the network and turn OFF the power supplies to all of the nodes before
removing the faulty Unit.
After a Unit has been replaced, verify that the following steps have been made
correctly.
• Set the node address and unit number.
• Connect the Ethernet cable.
• Set the configuration data (parameter settings) again and download them.
13-2 Simple Backup Function
Overview
The simple backup function can be used to back up not only all of the data in
the CPU Unit, but also all of the data stored in memory in the EtherNet/IP Unit
or data for the built-in EtherNet/IP port. All of this data will automatically be
backed up to the Memory Card.
The simple backup function can be used for the following EtherNet/IP Units
and built-in EtherNet/IP port.
• CS-series EtherNet/IP Unit (CS1W-EIP21) mounted to a CS1D/CS1H CPU Unit
• CJ-series EtherNet/IP Unit (CJ1W-EIP21) mounted to a CJ1-H/CJ1M/
[email protected]@-EIP CPU Unit
• A built-in EtherNet/IP port on a [email protected]@-EIP/[email protected]
CPU Unit
When the EtherNet/IP Unit’s setup data is written to the Memory Card using a
simple backup operation, it is stored in the Memory Card as a Unit/Board
backup file with the file name [email protected]@.PRM. (The @@ digits in the
backup file name indicate the unit address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port, which is the unit number + 10 hex.)
This backup file is also used when reading data from the Memory Card or
comparing data with a file in the Memory Card.
EtherNet/IP Unit
CPU Unit
Memory Card
Power Supply Switch
All data
All setup data
Note
• Backup
• Restore
• Compare
Memory Card
The following table shows the Units that support the simple backup function.
Confirm that the Units being used support the function.
CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
CS1W-EIP21
CS1D
CS1-H
Yes
Yes
CJ1W-EIP21
-----
339
Section 13-2
Simple Backup Function
CPU Unit
EtherNet/IP Unit
CS1W-EIP21
CS1
CJ1-H
CJ1
CJ1M
CJ2H
CJ2M
CJ1W-EIP21
No
-----------
--Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Applications
Use the simple backup function when creating a backup data file for the entire
PLC (including the CPU Unit, EtherNet/IP Units, built-in EtherNet/IP port, and
Serial Communications Units/Boards), or when replacing all the Units.
Backup Sources and
Restore Targets
The data that was backed up with the simple backup function can be restored to Units
or built-in ports as shown in the following table. Network Configuration designations are
given for the model numbers and versions of the backup sources and restore targets.
The model number must be the same for both the backup source and restore
target. The CIP revision must be the same or higher.
Restore target
Backup source
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21
Rev. 1.01
Rev.
1.01
Yes
CS1W-EIP21
CJ1W-EIP21
Rev.
Rev.
2.01
3.01
Yes
Yes
(See
(See
note 1.) note 1.)
Yes
Yes
(See
note 1.)
No
No
CJ2B-EIP21
Rev.
2.01
No
Rev.
3.01
No
CJ2MEIP21
Rev.
2.01
No
CJ2MEIP21
Rev.
2.02
No
CJ1W-EIP21
(CJ2)
Rev.
Rev.
2.01
3.01
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21
Rev. 2.01
No
CJ2B-EIP21
Rev. 2.01
No
CJ2M-EIP21
Rev. 2.01
CJ2M-CIP21
Rev. 2.02
CJ1W-EIP21 (CJ2)
Rev. 2.01
No
No
No
No
Yes
(See
note 1.)
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21
Rev. 3.01
CJ2B-EIP21
Rev. 3.01
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
(See
note 1.)
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Note
(1) Settings of the functions added to later CIP revisions will be set to their defaults.
The number of settings will be increased, so an error will occur in the comparison after data is restored.
(2) Data backed up for CIP revision 1.01 using a simple backup can be restored to an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port with revision
2.01, but an error will occur in the comparison. When changing the unit
version, refer to 6-2-18 Changing Devices for information on the Network
Configurator device change function.
340
Section 13-2
Simple Backup Function
Operating Methods
Backing Up EtherNet/IP
Unit or Built-in EtherNet/IP
Port Setup Files to the
Memory Card
Set pins 7 and 8 of the DIP switch on the front panel of the CPU Unit as
shown in the following table, and press the Memory Card Power Supply
Switch for 3 seconds with the Memory Card inserted into the slot. Release the
switch when the BUSY indicator lights.
SW7
SW8
DIP switch settings
ON
OFF
EtherNet/IP Unit
CPU Unit
Memory Card
Power Supply Switch
All data
Memory Card
All setup data
Backup
This operation will create an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port settings file, and write that file to the Memory Card along with the other backup
files. When the Memory Card Power Supply Switch is pressed, the MCPWR
indicator on the front of the CPU Unit will flash once and then remain lit while
data is being written. If the data is written normally, the MCPWR indicator will
turn OFF. The BUSY indicator will flash while the data is being written.
Note
The backup operation will fail if it is performed after the device parameters
were not downloaded successfully from the Network Configurator or CX-Programmer. Perform the backup operation only if the device parameters were
downloaded normally.
Restoring the EtherNet/IP
Unit or Built-in EtherNet/IP
Port Setup File from the
Memory Card
(Reading and Setting the
Data in the Unit)
Set pins 7 and 8 of the DIP switch on the front panel of the CPU Unit, as
shown in the following table, and turn the power to the CPU Unit OFF and
then ON again with the Memory Card inserted into the slot.
SW7
SW8
DIP switch settings
ON
OFF
EtherNet/IP Unit
CPU Unit
Power ON
All data
Memory Card
All setup data
Restore
341
Section 13-2
Simple Backup Function
This operation will read the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port setup
data file from the Memory Card and restore the data in the EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port.
When the power supply is ON, the MCPWR indicator on the front of the CPU
Unit will turn ON, flash once, and then remain lit while data is being read. The
BUSY indicator will flash while data is being read. After the data has been
read correctly, the MCPWR and BUSY indicators will turn OFF. If the MCPWR
indicator flashes five times or if only the BUSY indicator turns OFF, it means
that an error has occurred.
Note
Data backed up for CIP revision 1.01 using a simple backup can be restored
to an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port with revision 2.01, but an
error will occur in the comparison. When changing the unit version, refer to 62-18 Changing Devices for information on the Network Configurator device
change function.
Comparing EtherNet/IP
Unit or Built-in EtherNet/IP
Port Data with the Setup
File in the Memory Card
Set pins 7 and 8 of the DIP switch on the front panel of the CPU Unit, as
shown in the following table, and press down the Memory Card Power Supply
Switch for 3 seconds.
DIP switch settings
SW7
OFF
SW8
OFF
EtherNet/IP Unit
CPU Unit
Memory Card
Power Supply Switch
All data
Memory Card
All setup data
Compare
This operation will compare the data in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port setup file in the Memory Card with the device parameters in the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
When the Memory Card Power Supply Switch is pressed, the MCPWR indicator on the front of the CPU Unit will flash once, and then remain lit while data
is being compared. The BUSY indicator will flash while data is being compared. If the data matches, the MCPWR and BUSY indicators will turn OFF. If
the MCPWR and BUSY indicators both flash, it means that the data does not
match or that an error has occurred.
Note
342
Data backed up for revision 1.1 using a simple backup can be restored to an
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port with revision 2.1, but an error will
occur in the comparison. When changing the unit version, refer to 6-2-18
Changing Devices for information on the Network Configurator device change
function.
Section 13-3
Using the Backup Tool
13-3 Using the Backup Tool
Overview
The PLC Backup Tool of the CX-Programmer can be used to back up, compare, and restore data for all Units or only specified Units in the PLC that is
connected online.
Specified backup
folder
PLC Backup Tool
Default folder:
C:\Backup\yymmdd_hhmmss
CJ2
CPU Unit with Configuration Units
(CPU Bus Units and Special I/O Units)
Restore/compare
Back up
Usage
The PLC Backup Tool can be used for the following:
• Backing up all data in a PLC
• Comparing all of the data in a PLC with data that was previously backed
up in the computer
• Using the restore function to transfer all of the PLC data to a system with
the same configuration
• Transferring data to a new Unit after replacing a faulty Unit
Procedure
Select PLC Backup Tool from the CX-Programmer's Tool Menu. You can also
select OMRON - CX-One - CX-Programmer - PLC Backup Tool from the
Windows Start Menu.
343
Section 13-3
Using the Backup Tool
Backup Menu
Button
Backup from PLC
Compare
Restore to PLC
Function
Click this button to back up data. All of the data
in the target PLC will be backed up to the computer.
Click this button to compare data. The data in
the PLC can be compared to the data in a
backup file or the data in two backup files can be
compared. Any differences will be displayed.
Click this button to restore data. The data in a
backup file will be transferred to the PLC to
restore the status that existed when the data
was backed up.
Communications Settings
Button
Communications Settings
Function
Click this button to set communications conditions for the target PLC. The current PLC model
and network type will be displayed.
Refer to the CX-Programmer Operation Manual for detailed procedures.
344
SECTION 14
Troubleshooting and Error Processing
This section describes error processing, periodic maintenance operations, and troubleshooting procedures needed to keep
the EtherNet/IP network operating properly. We recommend reading through the error processing procedures before
operation so that operating errors can be identified and corrected more quickly.
14-1 Checking Status with the Network Configurator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
346
14-1-1 The Network Configurator’s Device Monitor Function . . . . . . . . . .
346
14-2 Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . .
353
14-2-1 Errors Occurring at the EtherNet/IP Unit or
Built-in EtherNet/IP Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
353
14-3 Connection Status Codes and Error Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
364
14-4 Error Log Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
370
14-4-1 Error Log Data Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
370
14-4-2 Error Log Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
370
14-4-3 FINS Commands for Error Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
370
14-4-4 Error Log Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
371
14-5 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
374
14-5-1 CPU Unit's ERR/ALM Indicator Lit or Flashing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
374
14-5-2 General Ethernet Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
375
14-5-3 Tag Data Links Fail to Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
375
14-5-4 Tag Data Link Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
376
14-5-5 Message Timeout Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
377
14-6 Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
377
345
Checking Status with the Network Configurator
Section 14-1
14-1 Checking Status with the Network Configurator
14-1-1 The Network Configurator’s Device Monitor Function
Connect the Network Configurator online, select the device to be checked,
right-click to display the pop-up menu, and select Monitor.
The Monitor Device Dialog Box will be displayed.
Note
Status 1 Tab Page
If a communications error occurs during monitoring, the dialog box will continue to show the last information that was collected. To start monitoring
again, close the Monitor Device Dialog Box, and then open the dialog box
again.
The information displayed on the Status 1 Tab Page shows the status of the
flags in the following allocated CIO Area words: Unit status 1, Unit status 2,
Communications status 1, Communications status 2, and Communications
status 3. There will be a check mark in the box when the corresponding flag is
ON.
In addition, the Target Node Status Field shows the connection status of the
target nodes that are connected with the EtherNet/IP Unit as the tag data link
originator. The icon will be blue if the connection is normal, or red if an error
occurred.
346
Checking Status with the Network Configurator
Status 2 Tab Page
Section 14-1
The Status 2 Tab Page’s Target PLC Status Field shows the status of the target node PLCs that are connected with the EtherNet/IP Unit as the tag data
link originator. The icon will be blue if the CPU Unit is in RUN mode or MONITOR mode, gray if it is in PROGRAM mode, or red if an error occurred.
The Connected Status of FINS/TCP Connections Field shows the status of
FINS/TCP connections. There will be a check mark in the box when the corresponding connection is established (connected).
347
Checking Status with the Network Configurator
Note
348
Section 14-1
The target PLC status is can be used when the PLC status is selected for all
the target sets for both originator and target connections. For those that are
not selected, the status will be grayed-out.
Checking Status with the Network Configurator
Connection Tab Page
Section 14-1
The Connection Tab Page’s Target Node Status Field shows the connection
status of the target nodes that are connected with the EtherNet/IP Unit as the
tag data link originator. The icon will be blue if the connection is normal, or red
if an error occurred.
In addition, the Connection Status Area shows the current status each connection that is set as the originator. This information can be used to identify
the cause of tag data link errors. For details on the connection status, refer to
14-3 Connection Status Codes and Error Processing.
349
Checking Status with the Network Configurator
Error History Tab Page
Section 14-1
The Error History Tab Page displays the error log stored in the EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. Errors that occurred in the past are recorded,
and can be cleared or saved in a computer file as required.
In some cases, error records are cleared when the power is turned OFF, and
in other cases the records are retained. For details on the error log, refer to
14-4 Error Log Function.
Controller Error History
Tab Page
350
The error history of the CPU Unit for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port is displayed on this tab page. The error history shows errors that have
occurred. It can be cleared or saved in a file in the computer.
Section 14-1
Checking Status with the Network Configurator
Refer to the operation manual of the CPU Unit for details on error information.
Tag Status Tab Page
This tab page shows if the tag settings for each tag for tag data links is set so
that data can be exchanged with the CPU Unit. The following status is displayed.
Ok:
Data was exchanged normally.
Processing to solve:
The symbol or I/O memory address for the tag is being
resolved. When the resolution is completed normally, a
connection will be established and the data exchange
will start.
Area type error:
The area (e.g., EM bank) specified by the tag setting
does not exist in the CPU Unit. A connection will not be
established for a tag for which this error occurs.
Out of address range: The area specified by the tag setting is outside of the
area address range in the CPU Unit. A connection will
not be established for a tag for which this error occurs.
Size error:
Different sizes are set for the network symbol and the
tag settings. Connections will not be opened for tags
with this error.
Not exist:
A network symbol is not set in the symbol table in the
CPU Unit for the specified tag setting. A connection will
not be established for a tag for which this error occurs.
PLC I/F error:
There is a problem in the bus interface with the CPU
Unit. Determine the cause based on the indicators and
the error log.
351
Checking Status with the Network Configurator
Section 14-1
If the status is not “OK,” check the tag data link settings or the network symbol
settings in the symbol table in the CJ2 CPU Unit.
352
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
Ethernet Information Tab
Page
Section 14-2
The Ethernet Information Tab Page shows the communications status at the
communications driver level. The error counter information can be used to
confirm whether communications problems have occurred. The tag data link
information can be used to confirm characteristics such as the bandwidth
usage (pps).
14-2 Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
14-2-1 Errors Occurring at the EtherNet/IP Unit or Built-in EtherNet/IP
Port
Errors Related to CPU
Unit Data Exchange
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
The 7-segment display alternates between the node address and error code.
Error
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Flashing
red
Not lit
H1
Duplicate unit
number
Operation stops.
The same unit
number is set on
another Unit.
Flashing
red
Not lit
H2
CPU Unit
faulty
---
Operation stops.
Error Countermeasure
log
(hex)
--Set the unit numbers correctly and
restart the EtherNet/IP Unit or builtin EtherNet/IP port.
--Replace the CPU
Unit if the error
recurs when the
CPU Unit is
restarted.
353
Section 14-2
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
Error
Cause
Error
log
(hex)
Operation stops.
---
Lit red
Not lit
H3
EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP
port faulty
Flashing
red
Not lit
H4
Node address The node
setting error
address set on
the switches is
invalid (00 or
FF.)
Operation stops.
---
Flashing
red
Not lit
H6
CPU Unit
faulty
Records the error in
the error log (time/
date all zeroes).
Operation stops.
000F
Flashing
red
Not lit
H7
I/O table not
registered
Operation stops.
0006
Flashing
red
---
H8
The CPU Unit’s
I/O table is not
registered.
Simple backup The simple
backup funcfunction
tion’s data restorestore error
ration failed.
Flashing
red
---
H9
I/O bus error
354
---
Unit operation (Flag
status)
---
--The settings of the
EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP
port are all cleared,
unless the backup file
does not exist, a
Memory Card is not
mounted, or the PLC
model does not
match.
An error
• If the Unit is the orig- 000E
occurred while
inator of the tag data
exchanging data link connection, it
with the CPU
stops communicaUnit.
tions.
• If the Unit is the target of the tag data
link connection and
the PLC status is
included in the communications data,
the corresponding
Target Node PLC
Error Flag will be
turned ON.
Countermeasure
Replace the EtherNet/IP Unit or (for a
built-in EtherNet/IP
port) the CPU Unit
if the error recurs
when the Unit is
restarted.
Set the node
address correctly
and restart the EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP
port.
Replace the CPU
Unit if the error
recurs when the
CPU Unit is
restarted.
Create the I/O
table.
Perform the simple backup operation again. If the
error recurs,
replace the Memory Card, or EtherNet/IP Unit, or (for
a built-in EtherNet/
IP port) the CPU
Unit.
Check and correct
the CPU Unit’s
operating environment.
Section 14-2
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
MS
Flashing
red
Indicator
NS
7-segment
---
HA
Error
Cause
CPU Unit
memory error
A parity error
occurred during
an operation
such as reading
the routing
tables.
A memory error
has occurred for
the tag database in the CPU
Unit (CJ2H/
CJ2M CPU Unit
only).
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Error Countermeasure
log
(hex)
Records the error in
0012 Register the routthe error log. If the
ing tables in the
routing tables were
CPU Unit again
being read, the routand restart the
ing tables are treated
CPU Unit.
as missing.
Replace the CPU
Unit if the error
recurs.
0017 Download the tag
• If a symbol (tag
data to the CPU
name) is specified in
Unit again.
the tag data link or
Unit Status Area,
Replace the CPU
refreshing the userUnit if the error
specified status area
recurs.
is stopped and tag
data links will operate as follows:
• Tag data link communications will be
stopped for originator connections.
• Communications will
continue for target
connection. If PLC
status is included in
the communications
data, the target node
PLC error flag for
the relevant target
node will be turned
ON.
Note Recovery is
possible from
this error. If
recovery is
achieved, the
tag data links
will be
restarted to
return to normal status.
Flashing
red
Not lit
Hb
CPU Unit
event servicing timeout
Flashing
red
---
HC
Routing table
error
Flashing
red
---
Hd
I/O refresh
error
A timeout
occurred during
an operation
such as reading
the routing
tables to the
CPU Unit.
There is a logic
error in the routing table settings.
The EM Area
bank in which
the device
parameters
were set was
converted to file
memory while
the tag data link
was operating.
Operation stops.
0011
The Unit continues
operating without the
routing tables.
021A
Tag data is not
refreshed if it is
assigned to a nonexistent area.
Note:
Recovery is possible
for this error.
0347
Replace the EtherNet/IP Unit or (for a
built-in EtherNet/IP
port) the CPU Unit.
if the error recurs
when the Unit is
restarted.
Create the routing
tables again.
Stop using the EM
Area bank (in
which the device
parameters were
set) as file memory, or correct the
device parameters.
355
Section 14-2
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
Error
Flashing
red
---
HE
CPU Unit service monitoring error
Flashing
red
---
HF
CPU Unit
watchdog
timer error
356
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Error
log
(hex)
• If the Unit is the orig- 0002
Servicing from
inator of the tag data
the CPU Unit
link connection, it
was not completed within the stops communications.
fixed interval.
The monitoring • If the Unit is the tartime is normally
get of the tag data
11 s.
link connection and
the PLC status is
included in the communications data,
the corresponding
Target Node PLC
Error Flag will be
turned ON.
Note:
Recovery is possible
for this error. When
operation is restored,
tag data link startup
processing will be
performed and operations will return to normal.
An error
• If the Unit is the orig- 0001
occurred in the
inator of the tag data
CPU Unit.
link connection, it
stops communications.
• If the Unit is the target of the tag data
link connection and
the PLC status is
included in the communications data,
the corresponding
Target Node PLC
Error Flag will be
turned ON.
Countermeasure
Check and correct
the CPU Unit’s
operating environment.
Replace the CPU
Unit.
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
Errors Related to the CPU
Unit
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
The 7-segment display alternates between the node address and error code.
Error
Cause
Flashing
red
---
HH
CPU Unit
Fatal Error
A fatal error
occurred in the
CPU Unit.
---
---
---
Output OFF
Error
An Output OFF
(output inhibit)
condition
occurred in the
CPU Unit.
Errors Related to the
Control Bits
MS
---
Indicator
NS
7-segment
---
C6
Section 14-2
Error Countermeasure
log
(hex)
• If the Unit is the orig- 0015 Eliminate the
cause of the error
inator of the tag data
in the CPU Unit.
link connection, it
stops communicaThe tag data link
tions.
will restart auto• If the Unit is the tarmatically when the
get of the tag data
cause of the error
link connection and
is eliminated.
the PLC status is
included in the communications data,
the corresponding
Target Node PLC
Error Flag will be
turned ON.
--Turn OFF the CPU
The tag data link’s
Unit’s Output OFF
send data will be
Bit (A50015). The
cleared to 0 in accortag data link’s send
dance with the Output
data will be
OFF settings, and
restored automatidata transfer will concally when this bit
tinue with that data.
is turned OFF.
Unit operation (Flag
status)
The 7-segment display alternates between the node address and error code.
Error
Multiple
Switches ON
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Error Countermeasure
log
(hex)
Execute control bit
The error code will be --Two or more
displayed on the 7operations one at a
software
segment display for
time.
switches were
30 seconds, and the
ON simultaMultiple Switches ON
neously, or a
Error Flag (n+11, bit
second software switch was 14) will go ON.
turned ON
The error display will
before a prior
be cleared the next
operation was
time that a settings
completed.
operation is completed normally.
357
Section 14-2
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
Errors Related to the Tag
Data Links
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
The 7-segment display alternates between the node address and error code.
Error
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Error
log
(hex)
--Not
record
ed for
version
2.0 or
higher
---
---
d5
Verification Error
(target non-existent)
The target registered in the
device parameNote This error will ters does not
exist.
not occur if
the d5 error
(verification
error, target
nonexistent)
mask is
enabled.
The Unit will periodically attempt to
reconnect to the target.
The Verification Error
Flag (n+12, bit 00),
Unit Error Occurred
Flag (n+10, bit 00),
and Network Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 01) will go ON.
---
---
d6
Connection Failed
The Unit will periodi- 03D4
cally attempt to
reconnect to the target.
The Verification Error
Flag (n+12, bit 00)
and Unit Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 00) will go ON.
---
---
d9
358
The connection
could not be
established
because device
parameters
(such as the
variable name
and size) did not
match in the
originator and
target, or connection
resources are
insufficient.
Tag Data Link Error A timeout
occurred in the
tag data link.
(Tag data was
not received
from the target
within the specified timeout
time.)
The Unit will periodi- 03D5
cally attempt to
reconnect to the target where the error
occurred.
The Tag Data Link
Error Flag (n+12, bit
02), Unit Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 00), and Network
Error Occurred Flag
(n+10, bit 01) will go
ON.
Countermeasure
Check the following items:
• Is the registered
node’s power
supply ON?
• Is the cable connected?
• Is the cable damaged or loose?
• Is there excessive
noise?
Correct the device
parameter settings,
and download the
device parameters
again from the Network Configurator.
Check the following items:
• Is the registered
node’s power
supply ON?
• Is the cable connected?
• Is the cable damaged or loose?
• Is there excessive
noise?
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
Errors Related to Memory
Access
MS
Flashing
red
Indicator
NS
7-segment
---
E9
Section 14-2
The 7-segment display alternates between the node address and error code.
Error
Memory
Access Error
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
An error
occurred in the
Unit's non-volatile memory
itself. This error
will occur in the
following cases.
1. An error occurred while
writing the error log.
2. An error occurred while
writing the device parameters.
Note:
This error does
not indicate
checksum
errors detected
when reading
data.
Case 1:
The error record
remains in RAM only.
Subsequent writes to
non-volatile memory
are all ignored. Other
than that, normal
operation continues.
(Error records continue to be written to
RAM.)
Case 2:
Tag data links and
message communications will continue
operating.
The Unit Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 00), Unit Memory
Error Flag (n+10, bit
04), and Non-volatile
Memory Error Flag
(n+14, bit 15) will turn
ON.
Error Countermeasure
log
(hex)
0602 Download the Unit
Setup from the tab
pages of the Edit
Parameters Dialog
Box of the CX-Programmer and
download the
device parameters
from the Network
Configurator. If the
error recurs,
replace the EtherNet/IP Unit or (for a
built-in EtherNet/IP
port) the CPU Unit.
359
Section 14-2
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
Error
Cause
Error
log
(hex)
021A
There is an error in
the parameter settings stored in the
Unit’s non-volatile
memory. (An error
can occur when
power is interrupted
while data is being
written to non-volatile
memory.)
The Unit Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 00) and Invalid
Communications
Parameter Flag
(n+12, bit 04) will go
ON.
Flashing
red
---
E8
Device
Parameters
Error
Flashing
red
---
EA
IP Advanced
Settings Error
03D1
Flashing
red
---
F2
Ethernet Basic
Settings Error
03D0
360
The I/O Area set
in the device
parameters
does not exist in
the CPU Unit, or
the EM Area
was converted
to file memory.
A checksum
error or logic
error was
detected in the
parameters.
The Unit was
mounted to a
different PLC
(e.g., from CJ1
to CJ2) after the
Unit settings
were made.
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Countermeasure
Download the Unit
Setup from the tab
pages of the Edit
Parameters Dialog
Box of the CX-Programmer and
download the
device parameters
from the Network
Configurator. If the
error recurs,
replace the EtherNet/IP Unit or (for a
built-in EtherNet/IP
port) the CPU Unit.
If the ladder program uses the
OUT instruction to
turn ON the CPU
Bus Unit Restart
Bit, change the
OUT instruction to
the SET instruction and download
the parameters
again.
Identify the error
log data, correct
the settings, and
then download the
Unit Setup from the
tab pages of the
Edit Parameters
Dialog Box of the
CX-Programmer
Download the settings from the TCP/
IP or Ethernet Tab
Pages of the Edit
Parameters Dialog
Box of the CX-Programmer or download the TCP/IP
settings from the
Network Configurator.
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
Errors Related to the
Network
MS
---
Indicator
NS
7-segment
---
E1
Section 14-2
The 7-segment display alternates between the node address and error code.
Error
Ethernet Link
Not Detected
Error Countermeasure
log
(hex)
03D3 Check the followThe link with the • The Unit will be
ing items:
offline and unable to
switching hub
communicate.
could not be
• Is the cable conErrors will be
detected.
nected?
Note This error returned to all com• Is the cable dammunications
will not
aged or loose?
requests.
occur
• Is there excessive
• Data exchanges
when
noise?
(refreshing) will condata links
tinue
with
the
CPU
are not
Unit.
set for
version
The Unit Error
2.0 or
Occurred Flag (n+10,
higher.
bit 00), Network Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 01), and Link OFF
Error Flag (n+10, bit
09) will go ON.
The Link Status Flag
(n+13, bit 14) will go
OFF.
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
361
Section 14-2
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
Indicator
MS
---
NS
---
Error
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Error
log
(hex)
Countermeasure
An error
occurred in
communications with the
DNS server.
The DNS Server
Error Flag (n+14, bit
05) will turn ON.
03C4
Details:
00xx
An error
occurred with
the BOOTP
server.
1. There was no
response
from the
BOOTP server.
2. The BOOTP
server attempted to
set an invalid
IP address in
the EtherNet/
IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Case 1:
The Unit will continue
sending requests to
the BOOTP server
until there is a
response. In the
meantime, the Unit
will be offline and
unable to communicate. Errors will be
returned to all communications requests.
Data exchanges
(refreshing) will continue with the CPU
Unit.
Case 2:
The Unit will operate
with the default IP
address
(192.168.250.node_
address).
The Unit Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 00), Network Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 01), and BOOTP
Server Error Flag
(n+14, bit 10) will go
ON.
The SNTP Server
Error Flag (n+14, bit
11) will turn ON.
03C4
Details:
06xx
Perform one of the
following:
• Correct the DNS
server settings.
• Check the communications path
(EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in
EtherNet/IP port,
cable connections, hubs, routers, and servers)
and correct any
problems.
Perform one of the
following:
• Correct the
BOOTP server
settings.
• Check the communications path
(EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in
EtherNet/IP port,
cable connections, hubs, routers, and servers)
and correct any
problems.
7-segment
E3
Server Connection Error
An error
occurred in
communications with the
STNP server.
362
03C4
Details:
03xx
Perform one of the
following:
• Correct the SNTP
server settings.
• Check the communications path
(EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in
EtherNet/IP port,
cable connections, hubs, routers, and servers)
and correct any
problems.
Section 14-2
Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
Error
Cause
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Error
log
(hex)
Countermeasure
---
03C4
Details:
07xx
Perform one of the
following:
• Correct the
SNMP trap settings.
• Check the communications path
(EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port, cable
connections,
hubs, routers,
and servers) and
correct any problems.
Check the IP
addresses set on
other nodes.
Restart the EtherNet/IP Unit or builtin EtherNet/IP port
after correcting the
IP address settings
to eliminate duplications.
---
---
E3
Server Connection Error
An error
occurred in
transmission to
the SNMP trap.
---
Lit red
F0
IP Address
Duplication
Flashing
red
---
F3
Address mismatch
0211
The IP address • The Unit will be
offline and unable to
of the EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in communicate.
EtherNet/IP port Errors will be
is the same as
returned to all communications
the IP address
set for another
requests.
node.
• Data exchanges
(refreshing) will continue with the CPU
Unit.
The Unit Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 00), Network Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 01), and IP
Address Duplication
Error Flag (n+10, bit
06) will go ON.
--• Operation will conThe address
tinue with the set IP
conversion
address as the local
method was set
IP address.
for automatic
The Address Misgeneration, but
match Flag (n+14,
the host ID of
bit 14) will turn ON.
the local IP
address does
not match the
FINS node
address.
Check the IP
address and the
Node Address Setting Switch setting.
363
Section 14-3
Connection Status Codes and Error Processing
MS
Indicator
NS
7-segment
Flashing
red
Not lit
F4
Flashing
red
---
C8
Lit red
Not lit
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Error
log
(hex)
020F
• The Unit will be
An error
offline and unable to
occurred in the
communicate.
CommunicaErrors will be
tions Controller
returned to all comin the EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in munications
requests.
EtherNet/IP
port.
• Data exchanges
(refreshing) will continue with the CPU
Unit.
The Unit Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 00), Network Error
Occurred Flag (n+10,
bit 01), and Communications Controller
Error Flag (n+10, bit
05) will go ON.
--Operation will conNode Address The Node
Setting
Address Setting tinue.
The IP Address
Changed Dur- Switch was
ing Operation changed during Changed During
Operation Flag (n+11,
operation.
bit 02) will turn ON.
Indicator
NS
Cause
Communications Controller Error
Errors Related to the Unit
MS
Error
Replace the EtherNet/IP Unit or (for
the built-in EtherNet/IP port) the
CPU Unit if the
error recurs when
the Unit is
restarted.
Restart the EtherNet/IP Unit or builtin EtherNet/IP port
after setting the
correct node
address.
The 7-segment display alternates between the node address and error code.
Error
Cause
7-segment
---
Countermeasure
Special Unit
Error
An error
occurred in a
Special I/O Unit
or CPU Bus
Unit.
Unit operation (Flag
status)
Records the error in
the error log.
Operation stops.
Error Countermeasure
log
(hex)
0601 Restart the CPU
Unit.
Replace the EtherNet/IP Unit or (for
the built-in EtherNet/IP port) the
CPU Unit if the
error recurs.
14-3 Connection Status Codes and Error Processing
This section explains how to identify and correct errors based on the tag data
link’s connection status. The connection status can be read using the Connection Tab Page of the Network Configurator’s Monitor Device Window. For
details, refer to 14-1-1 The Network Configurator’s Device Monitor Function.
Note
1. The connection status has the same meaning as the Connection Manager’s General and Additional error response codes, as defined in the CIP
specifications.
2. The Open DeviceNet Vendor Association, Inc. (ODVA) can be contacted
at the following address to obtain a copy of the CIP specifications.
ODVA Headquarters
4220 Varsity Drive, Suite A
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108-5006
USA
364
Section 14-3
Connection Status Codes and Error Processing
TEL: 1 734-975-8840
FAX: 1 734-922-0027
Email [email protected]
WEB www.odva.org
The following table shows the possible originator/target configurations.
Configuration
Configuration 1
Configuration 2
Configuration 3
Originator
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
[email protected]@-EIP, [email protected]
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
[email protected]@-EIP, [email protected]
Other company’s device
Target
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
[email protected]@-EIP, [email protected]
Other company’s device
CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21,
[email protected]@-EIP, [email protected]
The following table shows the likely causes of the errors causes for each configuration and connection status (code).
Connection status
Source of error
General Additional
Configuration 1
Status
Status
(hex)
(hex)
00
0000
Normal status code:
--The connection has been
opened and the tag data link is
communicating normally.
01
0100
Error code returned from target: This error does
Attempted to open multiple con- not occur.
nections at the same connection.
01
0103
01
0106
01
0107
Error code returned from target:
Attempted to open a connection
with an unsupported transport
class.
Duplicate consumers:
Attempted to open multiple connections for single-consumer
data.
This error does
not occur.
If the tag data link
is stopped or
started, this error
may occur
according to the
timing, but the
system will
recover automatically.
Error code returned from target: This error does
not occur.
Attempted to close a connection, but that connection was
already closed.
Handling
Configuration 2
---
Configuration 3
---
Depends on the originator’s specifications.
(Contact the originator device’s manufacturer for details on
preventing the error
from occurring in the
future.)
Confirm that the tar- Confirm that the origget supports Class 1. inator supports Class
1.
Depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer for details on
preventing the error
from occurring in the
future.)
Depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
If the tag data link is
stopped or started,
this error may occur
according to the timing, but the system
will recover automatically.
This error does not
occur.
This is not an error
because the connection is already
closed.
365
Section 14-3
Connection Status Codes and Error Processing
Connection status
General Additional
Status
Status
(hex)
(hex)
01
0108
01
0109
01
0110
01
0111
01
0113
01
0114
01
0115
01
0116
366
Source of error
Configuration 1
Handling
Configuration 2
Configuration 3
Check which conCheck which connection types can be nection types can be
used by the originaused by the target.
(Contact the manu- tor.
facturer.)
(An error will occur if
a connection other
Only multicast and
point-to-point can be than multicast or
set.
point-to-point is set.)
Error code returned from target: Check the connection sizes set in the originator and target.
The connection size settings
are different in the originator
and target.
Depends on the tar- Check whether the
Error code returned from target: Check whether
The target was unable to open the tag data link is get’s specifications. tag data link is
stopped at the origistopped at the tar- (Contact the target
the connection, because of its
device’s manufacnator. (Restart the
operating status, such as down- get. (Restart the
turer.)
tag data link commutag
data
link
comloading settings.
nications with the
munications with
control bit.)
the control bit.)
Error code returned from target: This error does
Check the target’s
Set the originator’s
RPI setting specifica- RPI setting to 10
The RPI was set to a value that not occur.
tions.
seconds or less.
exceeds the specifications.
Check the connecCheck the connecCheck the conError code generated by origition settings (number tion settings (number
nection settings
nator or returned from target:
of connections) at
of connections) at
(number of conAttempted to open more conthe originator and
the
originator
and
nections)
at
the
nections than allowed by the
target.
originator and tar- target.
specifications (CJ2M-EIP21:
get.
Check the connecCheck the connec32, other CPU Units: 256).
tion specifications for tion specifications for
another company’s
another company’s
devices.
devices.
Depends on the tar- Check the originaError code returned from target: This error does
not occur.
get’s specifications. tor’s connection setThe Vendor ID and Product
(Contact the target
tings.
Code did not match when opendevice’s
manufacing connection.
turer.)
Confirm that the target device’s EDS file
is correct.
Error code returned from target: This error does
Depends on the tar- Check the originaget’s specifications. tor’s connection setThe Product Type did not match not occur.
(Contact the target
tings.
when opening connection.
device’s manufacturer.)
Confirm that the target device’s EDS file
is correct.
Error code returned from target: This error does
Attempted to open a connection not occur.
with an unsupported connection
type.
Error code returned from target:
The Major/Minor Revisions did
not match when opening connection.
Check the major
and minor revisions set for the
target device and
connection. If necessary, obtain the
EDS file and set it
again.
Depends on the tar- Check the originaget’s specifications. tor’s connection settings.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
Confirm that the target device’s EDS file
is correct.
Section 14-3
Connection Status Codes and Error Processing
Connection status
General Additional
Status
Status
(hex)
(hex)
Source of error
Configuration 1
Handling
Configuration 2
Configuration 3
01
0117
Error code returned from target:
The tag set specified in the connection’s target variables does
not exist.
01
011A
Error code returned from originator:
Connection could not be established because the buffer was
full due to high traffic.
Check the originator’s connection settings. Check whether
the target’s tag sets
and tags are set correctly.
CJ2 CPU Units Only:
Check symbol settings in the CPU
Unit.
An unexpected net- Follow the operating
work load may have specifications for the
been received. Use originator. (Consult
the Network Configu- the originator manurator Device Monitor facturer.)
or the Ethernet Tab
Page to check the
bandwidth usage,
and correct the load.
If there are places
where broadcast
storms occur, such
as loop connections
in the network connection format, then
correct them.
01
011B
01
0203
01
0204
01
0205
Error code returned from target: This error does
There was a parameter error in not occur.
the frame used to open the connection.
Depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
01
0302
Error occurred at originator or
error code returned from target:
The tag data link’s allowable
bandwidth (pps) was exceeded.
Check the target’s
connection settings
(number of connections and RPI).
Check the originator
and target connection settings (number
of connections and
RPI).
01
0311
Depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
Check whether
the originator and
target tag sets
and tags are set
correctly.
CJ2 CPU Units
Only: Check symbol settings in the
CPU Unit.
Depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
An unexpected
network load may
have been
received. Use the
Network Configurator Device Monitor or the Ethernet
Tab Page to
check the bandwidth usage, and
correct the load. If
there are places
where broadcast
storms occur,
such as loop connections in the
network connection format, then
correct them.
Error code returned from target: This error does
Depends on the tar- Set the originator’s
get’s specifications. RPI setting to 0.5 ms
The RPI was set to a value that not occur.
or greater.
(Contact the target
is below the specifications.
device’s manufacturer.)
Error code returned from target: Tag data link communications from the target timed out. Check
the power supply and cable wiring of the devices in the commuThe connection timed out.
nications path, including the target and switches. If performance
has dropped due to heavy load, change the performance settings. For example, increase the timeout time or RPI setting.
Error code returned from target: There was no response from the target. Check the power supply and cable wiring of the devices in the communications path,
The connection-opening proincluding the target and switches.
cess timed out.
Check the originator and target connection settings
(number of connections and
RPI).
Error code returned from target: This error does
There was a parameter error in not occur.
the frame used to open the connection.
367
Section 14-3
Connection Status Codes and Error Processing
Connection status
General Additional
Status
Status
(hex)
(hex)
Source of error
Configuration 1
01
0312
Error code returned from target: This error does
There was a parameter error in not occur.
the frame used to open the connection.
01
0315
Error code returned from target:
There was a parameter error in
the frame used to open the connection.
01
0316
Error code returned from target:
There was a parameter error in
the frame used to close the connection.
01
031C
Error code generated in originator:
Some other error occurred.
08
---
Error code returned from target:
There is no Forward Open or
Large Forward Open service in
the target device.
D0
0001
Error code generated in originator:
The connection operation is
stopped.
368
Handling
Configuration 2
Depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
This error does
Depends on the tarnot occur.
get’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
This error does
Depends on the tarnot occur.
get’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
This error does
The originator genernot occur.
ates this code when
an unsupported
response code is
returned from the
target in reply to a
connection-opening
request.
This error does
Depends on the tarnot occur.
get’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
The meaning of this
The connection
error code is defined
was stopped
because the Tag by each vendor, so it
Data Link Stop Bit depends on the tarwas turned ON, or get’s specifications.
the settings data (Contact the target
device’s manufacis being downturer.)
loaded.
Either turn ON the
Tag Data Link
Start Bit, or wait
until the settings
data has been
downloaded.
Includes Controller stop errors,
Unit failure, and
EM bank files at
the refresh destination. To handle
these errors, refer
to 14-2-1Errors
Occurring at the
EtherNet/IP Unit
or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Configuration 3
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
Section 14-3
Connection Status Codes and Error Processing
Connection status
General Additional
Status
Status
(hex)
(hex)
D0
0002
Source of error
Configuration 1
Error code generated in origina- Wait until the
opening processtor:
The connection is being opened ing is completed.
(opening processing in
progress).
Unique OMRON Error Codes
01
0810
Error code returned from target:
New data could not be obtained
from the CPU Unit when opening connection. (The Unit will
automatically retry, and attempt
to open the connection again.)
01
0811
This error may
occur if the CPU
Unit’s cycle time
was long when
opening the connection, the specified EM bank was
converted to file
memory, or some
problem in the
PLC caused the
PLC to stop.
If the cycle time
was too long, the
problem will be
resolved automatically. If the EM
bank is set as file
memory, change
the storage location for the tag
data. If the PLC
has stopped,
identify and correct the error.
If the PLC system
is stopped, identify the cause of
the error from the
CPU Unit error
data.
Error code generated in origina- This error may
occur if the CPU
tor:
New data could not be obtained Unit’s cycle time
from the CPU Unit when open- was long when
opening the coning connection. (The Unit will
automatically retry, and attempt nection, or the
to open the connection again.) specified EM bank
was converted to
file memory.
If the cycle time
was too long, the
problem will be
resolved automatically. If the EM
bank is set as file
memory, change
the storage location for the tag
data.
Handling
Configuration 2
Configuration 3
The meaning of this
error code is defined
by each vendor, so it
depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
Depends on the originator’s specifications. (Contact the
originator device’s
manufacturer.)
The meaning of this
error code is defined
by each vendor, so it
depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
The meaning of this
error code is defined
by each vendor, so it
depends on the originator’s specifications.
(Contact the originator device’s manufacturer.)
The meaning of this
error code is defined
by each vendor, so it
depends on the target’s specifications.
(Contact the target
device’s manufacturer.)
The meaning of this
error code is defined
by each vendor, so it
depends on the originator’s specifications.
(Contact the originator device’s manufacturer.)
369
Section 14-4
Error Log Function
14-4 Error Log Function
Errors detected by the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port are stored
in the error log along with the date and time of their occurrence. The error log
can be read and cleared from the Network Configurator.
Some error log records are cleared when the CPU Unit’s power goes OFF,
and other records are not cleared.
14-4-1 Error Log Data Specifications
Each error is recorded as one record in the error log.
Item
Record length
Number of records
Data type
Specifications
10 bytes/record
64 records max.
Binary (time information: BCD)
Structure of Each Record
Bit 15
Minutes
Day of month
Year
Bit 00
Error code
Detail code
Seconds
Hour
Month
14-4-2 Error Log Registration
Error Log Storage Area
When an error occurs, information on the error and the time stamp are stored
in the Unit’s internal RAM as an error log record. Serious errors are recorded
in non-volatile EEPROM as well as RAM. The time read from the CPU Unit
during cyclic servicing is used for the time stamp.
The error log records stored in EEPROM are copied to RAM when the Unit
starts operating, so these records are retained even when the Unit’s power is
turned OFF or the Unit is restarted.
When the error log is read, the error log records in RAM are read. When the
error log is cleared, the error log records in both RAM and EEPROM are
erased.
Error Log Overflows
The error log can record up to 64 records. If another error occurs when the log
is full, the oldest record will be erased to make room for the new error record.
Power Interruptions when
Saving to EEPROM
If the power supply is interrupted or the Unit is restarted while the error log is
being written to EEPROM, the error log may be corrupted. When the Unit
starts, it performs a checksum test on the error log data read from EEPROM
to detect corrupted data.
14-4-3 FINS Commands for Error Logs
The following FINS commands can be sent to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port to read or clear the error log.
Command code
MRC
SRC
21
02
03
Function name
ERROR LOG READ
ERROR LOG CLEAR
For details, refer to Appendix E FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP
Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports.
370
Section 14-4
Error Log Function
14-4-4 Error Log Error Codes
Error
code
(hex)
0001
0002
0006
CPU Unit watchdog timer error
CPU Unit service monitoring error
Other CPU error
000E
000F
0011
0012
I/O bus error
CPU Unit initialization error
Event timed out
CPU Unit memory error
0015
0017
0103
0105
0107
0108
CPU Unit fatal error
Tag database error
Resend count exceeded (send failed)
Node address setting error (send failed)
Remote node not in network (send failed)
No Unit with specified unit address (send
failed)
CPU Unit error (send failed)
Destination address not in routing tables
(send failed)
Not registered in routing tables (send failed)
Routing table error (send failed)
Too many relay points (send failed)
Command too long (send failed)
Header error (send failed)
Internal buffers full; packet discarded
Illegal packet discarded
Local node busy (send failed)
Unexpected routing error
Service not supported in current mode;
packet discarded
Internal send buffer full; packet discarded
Maximum frame size exceeded; routing
failed
Response timeout; packet discarded
Communications controller error
00 hex
IP address duplication
Port number (always 02)
Logic error in setting table
00 hex
010B
010D
010E
010F
0110
0111
0112
0117
0118
0119
0120
0122
0123
0124
0125
020F
0211
021A
Error
Detail code
First byte
Second byte
00 hex
00 hex
Monitoring time (ms)
Bit D11: Unit not in Registered I/O Tables
(Other bits are reserved for system use.)
00 hex
00 hex
00 hex
00 hex
MRC (main command)
SRC (subcommand)
01 hex: Read error
03 hex: Routing tables
02 hex: Write error
50 hex: CPU Bus Unit
Area (CIO or DM)
00 hex
00 hex
00 hex
00 hex
FINS Command:
Bit 15: OFF
Bits 08 to 14: Source network address
Bits 00 to 07: Source node address
FINS Response:
Bit 15: ON
Bits 08 to 14: Destination network address
Bits 00 to 07: Destination node address
CIP Frame:
FFFF
Saved in
EEPROM
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
01 hex
Lower byte of IP address
02 hex: Network parameters
03 hex: Routing tables
04 hex: Unit Setup
0E hex: Unit name
12 hex: Status area layout setting error
13 hex: Status area layout setting verification
error
15 hex: Installation in a
PLC of another series
(e.g., from CJ1 to CJ2)
after setting the Unit.
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
371
Section 14-4
Error Log Function
Error
code
(hex)
0300
Parameter error; packet discarded
0347
03C0
I/O refreshing error
FINS/TCP setting error
03C1
Server settings error
03C2
FINS/TCP packet discarded
03C3
FINS/UDP packet discarded
372
Error
Detail code
First byte
Second byte
FINS Command:
Bit 15: OFF
Bits 08 to 14: Source network address
Bits 00 to 07: Source node address
FINS Response:
Bit 15: ON
Bits 08 to 14: Destination network address
Bits 00 to 07: Destination node address
CIP Frame:
FFFF
00 hex
00 hex
01 to 10 hex:
01: Automatically alloConnection number
cated FINS node address
duplication
02: Destination IP address
error
03: Destination port number error
00 hex: DNS
01: IP address
02: Host name
03 hex: SNTP
03: Port number
04 hex: FTP
04: Other parameter
06 hex: BOOTP
07 hex: SNMP
08 hex: SNMP Trap
09 hex: FINS/UDP
0A hex: FINS/TCP
01 to 10 hex:
02 hex: Reopening
Connection number
because remote node
closed
03 hex: Reopening
because of reception error
04 hex: Reopening
because of transmission
error
05 hex: Reopening
because RST received
from remote node
06 hex: Reopening
because of no keep-alive
response
07 hex: Illegal FINS/TCP
procedure
08 hex: Insufficient memory during server processing
09 hex: Insufficient memory during client processing
0A hex: Insufficient memory during node switching
00 hex
01 to FE hex:
Source node address
Saved in
EEPROM
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Section 14-4
Error Log Function
Error
code
(hex)
03C4
Error
Detail code
Server connection error
00 hex: DNS
03 hex: SNTP
04 hex: FTP
06 hex: BOOTP
07 hex: SNMP
08 hex: SNMP Trap
01 hex: Specified host
No
does not exist
02 hex: No such service at
specified host
03 hex: Timeout
06 hex: Host name resolution error
07 hex: Transmission
error
08 hex: Reception error
09 hex: Other error
0A hex: Obtaining IP
address error
03C6
Clock write error
0001: The clock time
could not be updated
because a error occurred
in the CPU Unit.
0002: The clock time
could not be updated
because the CPU Unit or
operating mode does not
support this function.
01 hex: Ethernet setting
error
Clear the error from the
CPU Unit.
First byte
03D0
Ethernet basic setting error
03D1
Ethernet advanced setting error
Second byte
Saved in
EEPROM
No
Refer to SECTION 12
Automatic Clock Adjustment Function and check
the application conditions.
01 hex: Checksum error
Yes
11 hex: Inconsistent settings
12 hex: Specified baud
rate is not supported.
02 hex: TCP/IP basic set- 01 hex: Checksum error
ting error
11 hex: Invalid IP address
12 hex: Invalid subnet
mask
13 hex: Invalid default
gateway address
14 hex: Invalid primary
name server
15 hex: Invalid secondary
name server
16 hex: Invalid domain
name
17 hex: Invalid host name
02 hex: FINS setting error 01 hex: Checksum error
Yes
10 hex: Invalid IP router
table
11 hex: Invalid FINS/UDP
setting
12 hex: Invalid FINS/TCP
setting
13 hex: Invalid FTP setting
14 hex: Invalid SNTP setting
15 hex: Invalid SNMP setting
16 hex: Invalid SNMP trap
setting
373
Section 14-5
Troubleshooting
Error
code
(hex)
03D2
03D3
03D4
03D5
0601
0602
Error
Detail code
First byte
Second byte
Packet discarded.
Link OFF error
Verification error (Tag data link only)
01 hex
00 hex
00 hex
00 hex
Connection instance num- Lower byte of IP address
Note For details on identifying the cause of ber (1 to 255)
the verification error, refer to 14-3
Connection Status Codes and Error
Processing.
This error will not be stored when a
target node is missing for version 2.0
or higher.
Tag data link error
00 hex
Lower byte of IP address
CPU Bus Unit error
Variable
CPU Bus Unit memory error
01: Read error
02 hex: Network parameter
02: Write error
06 hex: Error log
09 hex: Identity data
0E hex: Unit name
0F hex: Ethernet basic
setting
10 hex: Ethernet
advanced setting
11 hex: MAC address
12 hex: Status area layout setting
14 hex: Term Tag address
resolution memory write
error
Note
Saved in
EEPROM
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
(See
note.)
If a memory error occurs in the error log area of EEPROM, the record will not
be stored in EEPROM.
14-5 Troubleshooting
14-5-1 CPU Unit's ERR/ALM Indicator Lit or Flashing
Use the following table to troubleshoot the system when the CPU Unit’s ERR/
ALM indicator is lit or flashing when the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port is mounted.
An I/O verification
error occurred.
A CPU Bus Unit
setting error
occurred.
A CPU Bus error
occurred.
An I/O Bus error
occurred.
• Confirm that the Unit is connected properly.
• Check the I/O table with the I/O Table Verification operation
and correct it if necessary. After correcting it, perform the I/O
Table Create operation.
• The CPU Bus Unit model registered in the I/O tables does
not match the model of CPU Bus Unit actually mounted.
Check the I/O tables with the I/O Table Verification operation
and correct it if necessary.
After correcting the I/O tables, perform the I/O Table Create
operation.
• Confirm that the Unit is connected properly.
• Restart the Unit. Replace the Unit if it doesn’t restart.
• Confirm that the Unit is connected properly.
• Restart the Unit. Replace the Unit if it doesn’t restart.
For details, refer to the CPU Unit’s Operation Manual.
374
Section 14-5
Troubleshooting
14-5-2 General Ethernet Problems
The 100M and 10M
Indicators on the
EtherNet/IP Unit or
CPU Unit are both
OFF.
The NS Indicator
on the EtherNet/IP
Unit or CPU Unit is
lit red.
• Confirm that the cable being used has the correct ratings.
• Confirm that the cable is properly connected to the switching
hub, and the hub’s power supply is ON. (The 7-segment display will indicate error E1.)
• If the switching hub’s settings can be changed, confirm that
the Ethernet link settings are the same as the settings for the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. (For details,
refer to 3-4 Network Installation.)
• Check whether the same IP address is set on another node.
(The 7-segment display will indicate error F0.)
14-5-3 Tag Data Links Fail to Start
Use the following table to troubleshoot tag data links when the Tag Data Links
Operating Flag (bit 15 in Communications Status 1) does not go ON.
The indicators on
• Check whether power is being supplied to the PLC.
the EtherNet/IP Unit • Check whether the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
or CPU Unit are all
port is mounted in the Backplane correctly.
OFF.
• If a watchdog timer (WDT) error has occurred in the PLC,
follow the procedures described in the PLC’s Operation
Manual to correct the problem.
• All of the indicators for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port will be OFF if a CPU Bus Unit error has occurred.
Check for a CPU Bus Unit error.
• Restart the Unit. Replace the Unit if it doesn’t restart.
• If the EtherNet/IP Unit's 7-segment display is displaying an
The MS indicator
error code, refer to the tables in 14-2 Using the LED Indicaon the EtherNet/IP
tors and Display for Troubleshooting.
Unit or CPU Unit is
lit green, but the NS • Confirm that the cables are properly connected to the
indicator remains
switching hub and the power supply to the switching hub is
OFF.
ON.
• If data is being restored by the simple backup function, wait
until the restore operation is completed.
• If the EtherNet/IP Unit's 7-segment display is displaying an
The MS indicator
on the EtherNet/IP
error code, refer to the tables in 14-2 Using the LED Indicators and Display for Troubleshooting.
Unit or CPU Unit is
lit green, but the NS • The NS indicator will continue to flash green if the tag data
indicator continlink settings have not been set in the Unit. Use the Network
ues to flash green.
Configurator to set the tag data link settings in the Unit, and
then restart the Unit.
The MS indicators • Identify the error code shown on the 7-segment display
is lit green on the
based on the tables in 14-2 Using the LED Indicators and
EtherNet/IP Unit or
Display for Troubleshooting, and eliminate the cause of the
CPU Unit, but the
error.
NS indicator continues to flash red.
375
Section 14-5
Troubleshooting
14-5-4 Tag Data Link Problems
The tag data isn't
simultaneous.
Observe the following precautions when writing application
programs:
• Maintain the simultaneity of data in connection-units between
the PLC and EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
• If another company's device is being used, refer to that
device's user's manual for details.
• When received data is used in the ladder program, use the
At startup, the
received data is
All Tag Data Links Operating Flag in Communications Status
OFF unexpectedly.
1, or the Target Node PLC Operating Flag as a condition. If
the Target Node PLC Operating Flag is used, the PLC status
must be included in tag sets of both the sending and receiving nodes.
• If the Output OFF function (Output Inhibit) is enabled in the
output (produce) tag settings, all of the output data will be
OFF if a fatal error occurs in the CPU Unit or the Output OFF
Bit is turned ON. Check the status of the output (producer)
PLC.
The tag data links
• Check whether the baud rate is set to 10 Mbps, or a 10M or
start and stop com- 100M repeater hub is being used. The tag data link performunicating intermance is based on the use of switching hubs. The bandwidth
mittently.
listed in the specifications (CJ2M-EIP21: 3,000 pps, other
CPU Units: 12,000 pps) is achieved when the Unit autonegotiates to full-duplex at 100 Mbps.
• Refer to 14-1 Checking Status with the Network Configurator
for details on checking the error counters on the Monitor
Device Window’s Ethernet Information Tab Page. The error
and discarded packet counters indicate problems such as
noise in the communications path, the use of substandard
cables, damaged cables/connectors, loose connectors,
abnormally high communications load, or incorrect wiring
(loops) in the switching hub wiring.
• Contact the switching hub manufacturer to determine
whether there are any problems with the transfer capacity of
the switching hubs in the communications path. If switching
hubs are arranged in a cascade connection, there may be a
heavy load concentrated at a mid-level switching hub. In the
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port itself, processing
is performed with a higher priority than message communications, so specifications provide for a 3,000 pps bandwidth for
the CJ2M-EIP21 and a 12,000 pps bandwidth for other CPU
Units in tag data link performance only.
• Refer to 14-1 Checking Status with the Network Configurator
for details on checking the connection status on the Monitor
Device Window’s Connection Tab Page. Eliminate any
errors, which can be identified in the tables in 14-3 Connection Status Codes and Error Processing.
376
Section 14-6
Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes
14-5-5 Message Timeout Problems
Timeout errors
occur frequently in
message services
(CIP UCMM, CIP
Class 3, or FINS).
• When there is a high load in the tag data link, and the CPU
Unit’s cycle time is relatively long or there are messages
coming in from many nodes, the message service response
time may be delayed and messages may be discarded
occasionally.
• In this case, the communications load must be reduced by
increasing (slowing) the tag data link’s RPI, reducing the
message load, or increasing the timeout value.
• The tag data link’s bandwidth usage can be checked on the
Monitor Device Window’s Ethernet Information Tab Page.
Refer to 14-1 Checking Status with the Network Configurator
for details.
• The error log error codes that indicate discarded messages
(insufficient memory) due to heavy communications loads
are 0117, 0119, 0123, 0125, 03C2 (detail code @@08,
@@09, or @@0A), 03C3, and 03D2. Refer to 14-1 Checking
Status with the Network Configurator for details on reading
the error codes on the Error History Tab Page.
• For information on preventing high loads in FINS communications, refer to 8-7 Precautions on High Traffic in FINS
Communications.
14-6 Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes
The cause of errors that occur when using the SEND(090), RECV(098), or
CMND(490) instructions can be identified from the response codes. (Refer to
the description of Communications Port Completion Codes in 8-6-4 Writing
Programs for the storage locations of response codes generated by the
SEND(090), RECV(098), or CMND(490) instructions.)
This section describes the completion codes produced by EtherNet/IP Units.
For details on completion codes produced by CPU Units, other CPU Bus
Units, or computers equipped with FINS services, refer to the device’s operation manual.
The 6th, 7th, and 15th bits of the response codes have specific functions. The
6th bit will be ON when a non-fatal error has occurred in the PLC at the remote
node; the 7th bit will be ON when a fatal error has occurred in the PLC at the
remote node; and the 15th bit will be ON when a network relay error has
occurred. The following table explains the meaning of the completion codes.
Bit
7
6
5
First byte
4 3 2
1
0
7
6
Main response code (RES)
5
Second byte
4 3 2
1
0
Sub response code (SRES)
PLC Fatal Error Flag
PLC Non-fatal Error Flag
Relay Error Flag
Main response
code
Value and
meaning
00 Normal
completion
Sub response code
Item to check
Likely cause
Corrective action
Value and meaning
00
---
---
---
---
377
Section 14-6
Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes
Main response
code
Value and
meaning
01
02
Local node
error
Remote
node error
Sub response code
04
05
Unit error
(Controller
error)
03
Local node send
error
---
05
Node address setting error
Local IP
address
07
Local node busy
(send failed)
System load
01
Remote node not in
network
IP address
table and IP
router table
02
No Unit with specified unit address
Response timeout
Instruction’s
control data
Transfer conditions
(Use FINS
status read
commands.)
Instruction’s
control data
Read the error
log.
01
Communications
controller error
02
PLC error
04
Unit number setting
error
Service not 01
supported
Routing
error
01
02
03
04
378
Likely cause
Corrective action
Value and meaning
05
03
Item to check
Unsupported command
Affected controller’s ERC
indicator
Affected
node’s LED
indicators
Unit number
Command
code
Lack of available space in The load (traffic) on the Etherinternal buffers
net Unit is too heavy. Check
your user applications.
The network cannot be
Correct the local IP address.
used because the IP
address setting is incorrect.
Lack of available space in The load (traffic) on the Etherinternal buffers
net Unit is too heavy. Check
your user applications.
IP address of remote
Set IP address of remote
node not set correctly.
node into IP address table
and, if internetwork transmission is required, into the IP
router table.
There is no Unit with the Check the remote node's unit
specified unit address.
address.
Message packet was cor- Increase the number of transrupted by transmission
mit retry attempts.
error.
The response monitoring
time is too short.
The transmission frame
may be corrupted or the
internal reception buffer
full.
Error occurred in the
communications controller.
CPU Unit error occurred
in the PLC at the remote
node.
The unit number setting
is incorrect.
The specified command
code is not supported by
the destination Unit.
FINS header
A short frame (4 bytes) is
frame length
being used for the FINS
header frame.
Routing table setting Routing tables Remote node is not set in
error
the routing tables.
Routing tables not
Routing tables Destination is unknown
registered
because there are no
routing tables.
Routing table error
Routing tables Routing table error
Too many relay
points
Network configuration
Set a longer response monitoring time.
Read out the error log and
correct the system as
required.
Take corrective action, referring to troubleshooting procedures in this section.
Clear the error in the CPU
Unit. (Refer to the PLC's operation manuals.)
Confirm that the unit number
set on the switch is within the
specified range and that the
same unit number is not used
twice in the same network.
Check the command code.
The EtherNet/IP Unit does not
support short headers.
Set the destination address in
the routing tables.
Set routing tables at the local
node, remote node, and any
relay nodes.
Set the routing tables correctly.
The maximum number of Redesign the network, or
network levels (3) was
reconsider the routing tables
exceeded in the comto reduce the number of relay
mand.
nodes in the command.
Section 14-6
Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes
Main response
code
Value and
meaning
10
Sub response code
Command 01
format error
21
Parameter
error
Cannot
write
Likely cause
Corrective action
The command is too
long.
The command exceeded
1,473 bytes when broadcasting.
The command is too
short.
The specified number of
items does not match the
amount of write data.
Data for another node on
the same network was
received from the network.
Attempted to send
response data for a
broadcast address.
The specified parameters are incorrect.
The UDP/TCP socket
number was not within
the proper range.
The local UDP port number might be set to 0.
A correct memory area
code has not been used
or EM Area is not available.
The first word is in an
inaccessible area.
Check the command format of
the command and set it correctly.
Value and meaning
Command too long
Command
data
02
Command too short
03
Number of items
does not match
amount of data
Header parameter
error
Command
data
Command
data
05
11
Item to check
00
Parameter error
Command
data
Parameters in
command
data
Check the number of items
and amount of data, and
make them agree.
Check the command format of
the command and set it correctly.
Check the command data and
set the parameters correctly.
Be sure the socket number is
between 1 and 8.
Set the local UDP port number correctly.
Check the command’s data
area code in the Results Storage Area and set the appropriate code.
Check the data area range,
and set a first word that is in
an accessible area.
The specified bit number Check the command’s data
is not 00.
area code in the Results Storage Area. The bit address
must be 00 for EtherNet/IP
Units.
The address range speci- Set the address in the command data so that the start
fied in the command is
address plus the number of
not correct.
words does not exceed
accessible memory.
The response frame is
Correct the number of data
longer than allowed.
elements or other parameters
in the command data for
which the response is being
returned.
01
No data area code
Variable type
in command
data
03
Address out-ofrange error
First word
address in
command
data
04
Address range overflow
Command
data
0B
Response too long
Command
data
0C
Parameter error
Parameters in
command
data
The specified parameters are incorrect.
Check the command data and
set the parameters correctly.
08
Cannot change
IP address
conversion
method
A FINS message was
received from an IP
address that differed from
the ones in the Unit
Setup with FINS node
addresses that could not
be dynamically changed.
Correct the relationships
between IP addresses and
FINS node addresses. Refer
to SECTION 5 Determining IP
Addresses for details.
379
Section 14-6
Troubleshooting with FINS Response Codes
Main response
Sub response code
code
Value and
Value and meaning
meaning
22 Status error 0F Cannot execute
because service is
(operating
being processed.
mode disagreement)
Item to check
Likely cause
Socket status
area
The same socket service
is already in progress at
the specified socket number.
10
Socket not open
Socket status
area
11
Local node busy
(send failed)
System load
20
FINS/TCP not connected
Unit Setup
21
22
23
24
25
26
23
380
No such
Unit (Environment
error)
30
Establishing connec- Command
tion
data
31
Cannot change connection
32
Cannot execute
Command
because service was data
interrupted
05
Parameters
Unit Setup
07
Configuration error
IP address
conversion in
Unit Setup
Unit Setup
and command data
Corrective action
Use the corresponding socket
status flag in PLC memory to
be sure that socket service
has finished before starting
services again.
The specified socket is
Open the socket. (For TCP
not open.
sockets, wait until the connection is made.)
Lack of available space in The load (traffic) on the Etherinternal buffers
net Unit is too heavy. Check
your user applications.
Not opened due to sysCorrectly set the Unit Setup,
tem settings.
FINS/TCP connection number, remote IP address, and
Not opened due to a
remote port number.
change command from
the FINS/TCP connection’s remote node.
Closed by remote node;
opening again.
Opening again because
of a reception error.
Opening again because
of a send error.
Opening again because
of an RST response in
keep-alive.
Opening again because
there was no response in
keep-alive.
A connection is already
Correct the settings for the
established with the
FINS/TCP connection numspecified remote node.
ber, the remote IP address,
and the remote port number.
The specified connection Correct the settings for the
number is not set as a
Unit Setup, the FINS/TCP
FINS/TCP client in the
connection number, the
Unit Setup.
remote IP address, and the
remote port number.
Correct the settings for the
While a remote node
FINS/TCP connection numchange was being prober, the remote IP address,
cessed for the specified
and the remote port number.
connection number, a
request for a change was
received and the processing was stopped.
IP address conversion
Check the IP address and
failed.
subnet mask in the Unit
Setup, and correct if necessary.
IP address conversion is
set for automatic conversion only.
Check the IP address conversion setting in the Unit Setup.
This error will be generated
for the READ IP ADDRESS
TABLE command only.
Appendix A
CS/CJ-series Ethernet Unit Function Comparison
Item
Ethernet Unit
Tag data link communications service
CIP message communications service
FINS/UDP service
FINS/TCP service
Socket service
File transfer (FTP)
Mail send/receive
Web functions
Automatic adjustment of PLC’s internal clock
Simple backup function
Error log
Response to PING command
SNMP/SNMP trap
CIDR function for IP addresses
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Online connection by EtherNet/IP using CX-One
No
Online connection by Ethernet (FINS) using CX-One
Yes
Online connection by EtherNet/IP using Network Configu- No
rator
Support for function
EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/
IP port
Unit version 1.0
Unit version 2.0
or later
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
381
CS/CJ-series Ethernet Unit Function Comparison
382
Appendix A
Appendix B
Ethernet Network Parameters
Parameter
TCP send buffer
TCP receive buffer
UDP send buffer
UDP receive buffer
FINS receive buffer
RAW send buffer
RAW receive buffer
Hold timer
Value
4,096 bytes
4,096 bytes
9,000 bytes
9,016 bytes
16,383 bytes
2,048 bytes
2,048 bytes
75 s (See note.)
Description
Maximum capacity of the TCP send buffer
Maximum capacity of the TCP receive buffer
Maximum capacity of the UDP send buffer
Maximum capacity of the UDP receive buffer
Maximum capacity of the FINS receive buffer
Maximum capacity of the RAW send buffer
Maximum capacity of the RAW receive buffer
The hold timer is used for active open processing of TCP sockets.
An ETIMEDOUT error will occur if connection is not completed within
75 s.
Resend timer
Initial value:
250 ms The resend timer is used to monitor completion of reception of arrival
confirmations when transferring data via TCP sockets. If the timer setting
Maximum value: 64 s
is exceeded before arrival confirmation is received, data is resent.
Resends are performed from the first timeout (1 s) through the 12th timeout (64 s).
An ETIMEDOUT error will occur after the 12th timeout.
Continue timer
Initial value:
1s
The continue timer starts if preparations have been completed to send
Maximum value: 60 s
data but the send window is too small (either 0 or too small) to send the
data and the remote node has not requested that communications be
restarted. Confirmation of the window size is requested from the remote
node when the continue timer times out. The initial value of the timer is
5 s and confirmation processing will continue consecutively with increasingly longer times until the maximum time of 60 s is reached.
2MSL timer
60 s
The 2MSL timer starts at the TCP socket that first closes the socket and
will run for 60 s in the TIME_WAIT status.
IP reassemble timer 12 s
A fragmented IP packet is discarded if it cannot be reassembled within
12 seconds.
ARP timer
20 min/3 min
If a complete ARP table entry (with an Ethernet address) is not referred
to for 20 minutes, it is removed from the table.
An incomplete ARP table entry (no response yet returned to the ARP
request) is removed from the table after 3 minutes.
4,096 bytes
The initial value of the maximum capacity used to control the converWindow size
gence of TCP sockets. Actually, the node negotiates with the remote
(initial value of maxnode and uses the smaller of the values for the two nodes. The window
imum window size)
size will fluctuate with the available space in the TCP reception buffers of
the remote node when processing communications.
Fragment size
1,500 bytes
Data packets are fragmented into 1,500-byte IP packets. UDP data is
separated into 1,472-byte fragments before sending.
Segment size
1,024 bytes
TCP data is separated into 1,024-byte units, unless the segments are different, in which case it will be separated into 536-byte units.
TTL (Time to Live) 30
Decremented each time an IP router is passed.
Keep-alive timer
First time: 5 min
The keep-alive timer is used for the keep-alive function with TCP connecResend: 5 s × 5 times
tions. It must be used with UCMM, Class 3.
Note The hold time is 3 s for the UCMM service, Class 3 service, and tag data link open/close processing.
383
Ethernet Network Parameters
384
Appendix B
Appendix C
TCP Status Transitions
The TCP socket status can be confirmed using the socket status data returned for the FINS command
SOCKET STATUS READ (27 64).
CLOSED
ACTIVE OPEN
snd SYN
CLOSE
Passive OPEN
LISTEN
rcv SYN
snd SYN, ACK
CLOSE
SEND
snd SYN
rcv SYN
SYN
RECEIVED
SYN
SENT
snd ACK
rcv ACK of SYN
CLOSE
snd FIN
rcv SYN, ACK
snd ACK
ESTABLISHED
rcv FIN
snd ACK
CLOSE
snd FIN
CLOSED
WAIT
FIN
WAIT-1
rcv ACK of FIN
FIN WAIT-2
rcv FIN
snd ACK
rcv FIN
snd ACK
CLOSE
snd FIN
CLOSING
LAST-ACK
rcv ACK of FIN
rcv ACK of FIN
Timeout=2MSL
TIME WAIT
Status
CLOSED
Connection closed.
LISTEN
SYN SENT
SYN RECEIVED
ESTABLISHED
CLOSE WAIT
FIN WAIT 1
CLOSING
LAST ACK
FIN WAIT 2
TIME WAIT
Waiting for connection.
SYN sent in active status.
SYN received and sent.
Already established.
FIN received and waiting for completion.
Completed and FIN sent.
Completed and exchanged FIN. Awaiting ACK.
FIN sent and completed. Awaiting ACK.
Completed and ACK received. Awaiting FIN.
After closing, pauses twice the maximum segment life (2MSL).
CLOSED
Meaning
385
TCP Status Transitions
386
Appendix C
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
This appendix describes CIP message communications.
The basic concepts of CIP message communications are described in this appendix from CIP Object on
page 387 through Example of CIP Message Creation on page 392. Read these sections to improve your
understanding of CIP message communications.
CIP Object
Object Model
In the CIP (Common Industrial Protocol) system, each device is modeled as a group of “Objects.” An Object
abstractly represents a related group of the device’s data values.
Object
Object
Object
Device
When accessing the device from the outside, access an Object.
An Object represents the abstracted device function, processing, and the resulting data.
A request from the outside of Object, such as Read Data, is called “Service.”
Data belonging to the Object is called “Attribute.”
The actual entity of Object is called “Instance” or “Object Instance.”
When Object is generalized, it is called “Class.” For example, “Japan” is one of Instances (Object Instances) of
Class “Nation.”
External request
(Example. Read, Write)
Attribute
Service
Data
Data
Data
Processing
Data
Object Instance
387
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
Terminology
In CIP specifications, “Object,” “Class,” “Instance,” “Attribute” and “Service” are defined as follows:
Term
Object
Class
Instance
Attribute
Service
Meaning
An abstract representation of a particular component within a product.
A set of objects that all represent the same kind of system component. A class is a generalization of an
object. All objects in a class are identical in form and behavior, but may contain different attribute values.
A specific and real (physical) occurrence of an object. For example: New Zealand is an instance of the object
class Country. The terms Object, Instance, and Object Instance all refer to a specific Instance.
A description of an externally visible characteristic or feature of an object. Typically, attributes provide status
information or govern the operation of an Object. For example: the ASCII name of an object; and the repetition rate of a cyclic object.
A function supported by an object and/or object class. CIP defines a set of common services and provides for
the definition of Object Class and/or Vendor Specific services.
Specifying an Object Address (Request Path)
This is the basic concept involved in accessing an Object or Attribute.
Each Object Class has a “Class ID”.
There are two types of “Class ID”; one is standardized by ODVA and the other is decided independently by
each device vendor.
Each Object Instance also has ID. This is called “Instance ID.” Different Instance ID is assigned to each Object.
As for Object Class standardized by ODVA, Instance ID is given to it according to the ODVA method. On the
other hand, vendor's own Instance ID is decided independently by the vendor.
Each Attribute also has “Attribute ID.”
Each Object is accessed to by using “Class ID,” “Instance ID,” and “Attribute ID.”
In the device, you can designate Object by specifying these three IDs.
When requesting “Service,” you should specify “Class ID,” “Instance ID,” and “Attribute ID.” (Instance ID and
Attribute ID may not be required, depending on the Service.)
The “Class ID,” “Instance ID,” and “Attribute ID” identify a location in the device and are known as the request
path.
Class ID = 2
Attribute 1
Attribute = 3
Attribute 2
Attribute 3
Attribute 4
Instance ID = 1
Class ID = 1
Device
388
Instance ID = 1
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
Route Path
Route Path
In the CIP, unlike the internet protocol, the transmission frame contains a complete relay route from the transmission node to the reception node. The described route is called the “route path.” The route path is described
as “EPATH type.”
The basic concept of the route path is as follows:
First of all, specify a network port of the transmission node with the destination network, and specify a node
address (called the Link Address) on that network. For the relay node, similarly, specify a network port with the
destination network and node address on that network. Then, repeat the same procedure to the final destination.
X
Y
Object A
Z
Port-A
Object B
#2 #1
#1 #3
Port-B
Port-C
Port-D
When sending data from X to Z.
Route Path = Port A: #3, Port C: #1
Send data from the network port of X (Port-A) to #3 on that circuit, and the data
reaches Y. Then, send it from the network port of Y (Port-C) to #1 on that circuit.
Through this procedure, the destination node Z can be designated.
Description by EPATH Type
In CIP, the EPATH type is used to describe the route path and request path.
With this method, the route path and request path are divided into segments and a value is assigned to each
segment, so the route path description shows the path to the final destination when the data segments are
joined together.
The segment includes the segment type information and the segment data.
Segment 1
Segment 2
Segment 3
Segment 4
····
Details of Segment Type
The interpretation method of a segment is included in the first 1 byte, which consists of two parts; a 3-bit “Segment Type” and a 5-bit “Segment Format.”
Segment Type
7
6
5
Segment Format
4
3
2
1
0
389
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
According to CIP Specifications, the Segment Type specifications are decided as follows:
7
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
Segment Type
6
5
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Description
Port Segment
Logical Segment
Network Segment
Symbolic Segment
Data Segment
Data Type
Data Type
Reserved
The specifications of Segment Format are different for each Segment Type.
The following sections describe Port Segment, Logical Segment, and Data Segment which are needed to use
the CIP message communications instructions.
Port Segment
The Port Segment is used to specify the path described above.
Segment Type
7
6
5
0
0
0
Extended Link
Address Size
4
Port Identifier
3
2
1
0
Set the ID of the port in Port Identifier.
The Port Identifier is 4 bits, so it can have a value between 0 and 15. A port identifier of “0” is reserved and not
available. A port identifier of “1” indicates the backplane port.
A port identifier of “15” has a special meaning, which indicates that the size of Port Identifier is larger than
1 byte, and the 4-bit port identifier (15) is followed by 2-byte Port Identifier. The port identifier does not exceed
1 byte when using the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, so this special case is not explained here.
Set the Extended Link Address Size to “1” when that port’s Link Address is larger than 1 byte.
The following diagram shows the Port Segment value when the Extended Link Address Size is set to “0.”
Segment Type
390
Extended Link
Address Size
7
6
5
4
0
0
0
0
Port Identifier
3
2
1
0
Link Address
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
Specify the size of Link Address when the Extended Link Address Size is set to “1.” The following diagram
shows the Port Segment value in this case.
Extended Link
Address Size
Segment Type
7
6
5
4
0
0
0
1
Port Identifier
3
6
5
4
3
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
→
· · · · · · · · · · · ·
Link Address
7
2
Link Address Size
2
1
0
7
Link Address
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
· · · · · ·
→
Always set the Link Address to an even number of bytes. If there is an odd number of bytes, pad the Link
Address with “00” so that it has an even number of bytes.
Logical Segment
The Logical Segment is used to specify the request path.
Segment Format Bits
Segment Type
7
6
5
0
0
1
4
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
Logical Type
3
2
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Logical Format
1
0
0
1
0
1
Logical Type
4
3
2
Logical Format
1
0
Description
Class ID
Instance ID
Member ID
Connection Point
Attribute ID
Special (Do not use the logical addressing definition for the Logical Format.)
Service ID (Do not use the logical addressing definition for the Logical Format.)
Reserved
Description
8-bit logical address
16-bit logical address
32-bit logical address
Reserved
The 32-bit logical address format is reserved and cannot be used.
The 8-bit and 16-bit logical address can be used for the Class ID and Instance ID, which specify the request
path.
391
CIP Message Communications
Appendix D
The 8-bit logical address can be used for the Attribute ID. Use the Attribute ID when requesting a Service of a
particular Object of a particular device.
Example of CIP Message Creation
Setting the Route Path
Port Number
The following description explains the network port, which is used to specify the route path. In the CJ2 Series,
the Backplane is also considered part of the network when specifying the Link Address.
CPU Unit
CJ2 (Not supported by CS1/CJ1 CPU Units.)
Each CPU Unit has one backplane port. By convention, the built-in port on a [email protected] or a
[email protected] CPU Unit functions as a CPU Bus Unit.
Port
Backplane
Port Number
1
The Backplane port is the Backplane. CPU Unit communications routed through CPU Bus Units always travel
through the backplane.
EtherNet/IP Unit or CJ2 Built-in EtherNet/IP Port
The EtherNet/IP Unit has two ports. A CJ2 CPU Unit also has two built-in EtherNet/IP ports. One is a Backplane port and the other is an Ethernet port.
The Backplane port is the Backplane. Communications routed through the CPU Unit, a Special I/O Unit, or
another CPU Bus Unit always travel through the backplane.
Port
Backplane
Ethernet
Port Number
1
2
Link Address
The Link Address is a node address on the network, which is used to specify the route path.
The method to set the Link Address is different for each network.
In the CS/CJ Series, the Backplane is also considered part of the network when specifying the Link Address.
Backplane
• CPU Bus Unit or Special I/O Unit
In the CS/CJ Series, the base unit is recognized as a backplane port.
CPU Bus Units, such as the EtherNet/IP Unit, are also recognized as nodes on the backplane port.
The Link Address of a CPU Bus Unit on the Backplane is the “unit number + 10 hex.” For example, when
the unit number is 0, the Link Address is 10 hex. When the unit number is F, the Link Address is 1F hex.
The Link Address of a Special I/O Unit on the Backplane is the “unit number + 20 hex.” For example, when
the unit number is 0, the Link Address is 20 hex.
Network
• EtherNet/IP
The Ethernet port’s Link Address is described by the IP address.
The IP address must be described entirely in ASCII.
For example, IP address of 192.168.200.200 will be [31] [39] [32] [2E] [31] [36] [38] [2E] [32] [30] [30] [2E]
[32] [30] [30].
392
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
Response Codes
General Status Code
The General Status Code is stored in the response data after execution of the CMND instruction has been
completed.
General Status
Status Name
Code (hex)
00
Success
01
Connection failure
02
Resource unavailable
Description of Status
06
Service was successfully performed by the object specified.
A connection related service failed along the connection path.
Resources needed for the object to perform the requested service were
unavailable.
Invalid parameter value See Status Code 20 hex, which is the preferred value to use for this condition.
Path segment error
The path segment identifier or the segment syntax was not understood by the
processing node. Path processing shall stop when a path segment error is
encountered.
Path destination
The path is referencing an object class, instance or structure element that is
unknown
not known or is not contained in the processing node. Path processing shall
stop when a path destination unknown error is encountered.
Partial transfer
Only part of the expected data was transferred.
07
08
Connection lost
Service not supported
09
0A
Invalid attribute value
Attribute list error
0B
Already in requested
mode/state
Object state conflict
Object already exists
Attribute not settable
Privilege violation
Device state conflict
03
04
05
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
1A
1B
1C
The messaging connection was lost.
The requested service was not implemented or was not defined for this Object
Class/Instance.
Invalid attribute data detected.
An attribute in the Get_Attribute_List or Set_Attribute_List response has a
non-zero status.
The object is already in the mode/state being requested by the service.
The object cannot perform the requested service in its current mode/state.
The requested instance of object to be created already exists.
A request to modify a non-modifiable attribute was received.
A permission/privilege check failed.
The device's current mode/state prohibits the execution of the requested service.
Reply data too large
The data to be transmitted in the response buffer is larger than the allocated
response buffer
Fragmentation of a
The service specified an operation that is going to fragment a primitive data
primitive value
value, i.e. half a REAL data type.
Not enough data
The service did not supply enough data to perform the specified operation.
Attribute not supported The attribute specified in the request is not supported.
Too much data
The service supplied more data than was expected.
Object does not exist
The object specified does not exist in the device.
Service fragmentation The fragmentation sequence for this service is not currently active for this
data.
sequence not in
progress
No stored attribute data The attribute data of this object was not saved prior to the requested service.
Store operation failure The attribute data of this object was not saved due to a failure during the
attempt.
Routing failure (request The service request packet was too large for transmission on a network in the
packet too large)
path to the destination. The routing device was forced to abort the service.
The service response packet was too large for transmission on a network in
Routing failure
the path from the destination. The routing device was forced to abort the ser(response packet too
vice.
large)
Missing attribute list
The service did not supply an attribute in a list of attributes that was needed by
entry data
the service to perform the requested behavior.
393
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
General Status
Code (hex)
1D
1E
1F
20
21
22
23-24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B-CF
D0-FF
394
Status Name
Invalid attribute value
list
Embedded service
error
Vendor specific error
Description of Status
The service is returning the list of attributes supplied with status information for
those attributes that were invalid.
An embedded service resulted in an error.
A vendor specific error has been encountered. The Additional Code Field of
the Error Response defines the particular error encountered. Use of this General Error Code should only be performed when none of the Error Codes presented in this table or within an Object Class definition accurately reflect the
error.
Invalid parameter
A parameter associated with the request was invalid. This code is used when a
parameter does not meet the requirements of this specification and/or the
requirements defined in an Application Object Specification.
Write-once value or
An attempt was made to write to a write-once medium (e.g. WORM drive,
medium already written PROM) that has already been written, or to modify a value that cannot be
changed once established.
Invalid Reply Received An invalid reply is received (e.g. reply service code does not match the request
service code, or reply message is shorter than the minimum expected reply
size). This status code can serve for other causes of invalid replies.
Reserved by CIP for future extensions
Key Failure in path
The Key Segment that was included as the first segment in the path does not
match the destination module. The object specific status shall indicate which
part of the key check failed.
Path Size Invalid
The size of the path which was sent with the Service Request is either not
large enough to allow the Request to be routed to an object or too much routing data was included.
Unexpected attribute in An attempt was made to set an attribute that is not able to be set at this time.
list
Invalid Member ID
The Member ID specified in the request does not exist in the specified Class/
Instance/Attribute.
Member not settable
A request to modify a non-modifiable member was received.
Group 2 only server
This error code may only be reported by DeviceNet group 2 only servers with
general failure
4K or less code space and only in place of Service not supported, Attribute not
supported and Attribute not settable.
--Reserved by CIP for future extensions
Reserved for Object
This range of error codes is to be used to indicate Object Class specific errors.
Class and service
Use of this range should only be performed when none of the Error Codes preerrors
sented in this table accurately reflect the error that was encountered.
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
Example of Additional Status in case that General Status Is 01 Hex.
(Status of Connection Manager Object)
General Status
Additional
(hex)
Status (hex)
01
0100
01
0103
01
0106
01
0107
01
0108
Explanation
01
01
01
0109
0110
0111
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
0113
0114
0115
0116
0117
0118
0119
011A
011B
0203
0204
Connection in Use or Duplicate Forward Open.
Transport Class and Trigger combination not supported
Ownership Conflict
Connection not found at target application.
Invalid Connection Type. Indicates a problem with either the Connection Type or Priority of the Connection.
Invalid Connection Size
Device not configured
RPI not supported. May also indicate problem with connection time-out multiplier, or
production inhibit time.
Connection Manager cannot support any more connections
Either the Vendor Id or the Product Code in the key segment did not match the device
Product Type in the key segment did not match the device
Major or Minor Revision information in the key segment did not match the device
Invalid Connection Point
Invalid Configuration Format
Connection request fails since there is no controlling connection currently open.
Target Application cannot support any more connections
RPI is smaller than the Production Inhibit Time.
Connection cannot be closed since the connection has timed out
Unconnected Send timed out waiting for a response.
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
0205
0206
0207
0301
0302
0303
0304
0311
0312
0315
0316
0317
0318
0319
031A
031B
031C
031D
031F
0320-07FF
Parameter Error in Unconnected Send Service
Message too large for Unconnected message service
Unconnected acknowledge without reply
No buffer memory available
Network Bandwidth not available for data
No Tag filters available
Not Configured to send real-time data
Port specified in Port Segment Not Available
Link Address specified in Port Segment Not Available
Invalid Segment Type or Segment Value in Path
Path and Connection not equal in close
Either Segment not present or Encoded Value in Network Segment is invalid.
Link Address to Self Invalid
Resources on Secondary Unavailable
Connection already established
Direct connection already established
Miscellaneous
Redundant connection mismatch
No connection resources exist for target path
Vendor specific
395
Appendix D
CIP Message Communications
Priority/Time Ticks and Time Out Ticks
Format of the Priority/Time Tick
Time tick
0000 hex
0001 hex
0010 hex
0011 hex
0100 hex
0101 hex
0110 hex
0111 hex
1000 hex
1001 hex
1010 hex
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
256
512
1,024
Maximum time-out time (ms) that can be set
in the time out ticks
255
510
1,020
2,040
4,080
8,160
16,320
32,640
65,280
130,560
261,120
1011 hex
2,048
522,240
1100 hex
1101 hex
1110 hex
1111 hex
4,096
8,192
16,389
32,768
1,044,480
2,088,960
4,177,920
8,355,840
396
Base value (ms)
Appendix E
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units
or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
04
05
06
08
21
27
Command code
MRC
SRC
03
01
01
01
02
03
02
03
20
30
31
50
57
60
61
62
63
64
65
67
01
10
28
Function name
RESET
CONTROLLER DATA READ
CONTROLLER STATUS READ
INTERNODE ECHO TEST
BROADCAST TEST RESULTS READ
BROADCAST DATA SEND
ERROR LOG READ
ERROR LOG CLEAR
PING
FINS/TCP CONNECTION REMOTE NODE
CHANGE REQUEST
FINS/TCP CONNECTION STATUS READ
IP ADDRESS TABLE WRITE
IP ADDRESS WRITE
IP ADDRESS TABLE READ
IP ROUTER TABLE READ
PROTOCOL STATUS READ
MEMORY STATUS READ
SOCKET STATUS READ
ADDRESS INFORMATION READ
IP ADDRESS READ
EXPLICIT MESSAGE SEND
CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND
Remarks
---------------------------------------------
RESET
Resets the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Command Block
04 03
Command code
Response Block
04 03
Command
code
Response
code
397
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Precautions
• No response will be returned if the command ends normally. A response will be returned only if an error
occurs.
• In some cases, send requests (SEND(192)/RECV(193) instructions) made from the PLC to the EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port just before execution of the RESET command may not be executed.
• Applications that use TCP/IP, such as FINS/TCP communications services, are closed immediately before
resetting.
Response Codes
Response code
1001
Description
Command too large
CONTROLLER DATA READ
Reads the following data from the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port: Model number, version, IP
address, subnet mask, FINS UDP port number, mode settings, Ethernet address.
Command Block
05 01
Command code
Response Block
05 01
Command
code
Response
code
20 byte
20 byte
4 byte
4 byte
Model number
Version
IP address
Subnet
mask
6 byte
FINS UDP
port number
Mode
setting
Ethernet address
Parameters
Model number, Version (Response)
The model number and version of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port are returned as ASCII characters occupying 20 bytes each (i.e., 20 characters each). If all bytes are not used, the remaining bytes will be
all spaces (ASCII 20 Hex).
Example Model: CS1W-EIP21, CJ1W-EIP21, CJ2B-EIP21, or CJ2M-EIP21
Example Version: V2.00
By convention, the model number of the built-in EtherNet/IP port on a [email protected]@-EIP CPU Unit is CJ2BEIP21.
By convention, the model number of the built-in EtherNet/IP port on a [email protected] CPU Unit is CJ2M-EIP21.
IP Address, Subnet Mask (Response)
The IP address and subnet mask of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port are returned as 4 bytes
each.
FINS UDP Port Number (Response)
The UDP port number of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port for FINS is returned as 2 bytes.
398
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Mode Setting (Response)
The mode setting in the system setup is returned.
15 14 13 12 11 10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Bit 1: Broadcast setting
Bits 2 and 3: IP address conversion method
Bit 4: UDP port number setting for FINS
Bit 5: TCP port number setting for FINS/TCP
Bit 8: Transmission speed (baud rate)
Bit 9: SNTP server specification method
Broadcast Address Setting
Bit 1
Meaning
0
Broadcast with host number set to all ones (4.3BSD specifications)
1
Broadcast with host number set to all zeroes (4.2BSD specifications)
Communications Partner IP Address Conversion Method Setting
Bit 3
0
0
1
1
Bit 2
0
1
0
1
Meaning
Automatic generation method (dynamic)
Automatic generation method (static)
IP address table reference method
Combined method (IP address table reference + automatic generation
(dynamic))
FINS/UDP Port Number Setting
Bit 4
0
Default (9600)
1
Unit Setup value
Meaning
FINS/TCP Port Number Setting
Bit 5
0
Default (9600)
1
Unit Setup value
Meaning
Baud Rate Setting
Bit 8
0
Automatic detection
1
Fixed
Meaning
SNTP Server Specification Method
Bit 9
0
IP address
1
Host name
Meaning
Ethernet Address (Response)
The Ethernet address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is returned.
Note This Ethernet address is listed on the label on the side of the EtherNet/IP Unit or (for a built-in EtherNet/
IP port), on the CPU Unit.
399
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
CONTROLLER STATUS READ
Reads the controller status.
Command Block
06 01
Command code
Response Block
06 01
2 byte
Command
code
Response Communications Total number
status 3
of
code
4 byte
4 byte
4 byte
4 byte
4 byte
Total number Total number Total number Total number
of
of
of
of
packets received receive errors packets sent send errors send collisions
Parameters
Communications Status 3 (Response)
15 14 13 12 11 10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Bit 2: EtherNet/IP basic setting error
Bit 3: IP address table error
Bit 4: IP router table error
Bit 6: Routing table error
Bit 9: EtherNet/IP advanced setting error
Bit 10: BOOTP server error
Bit 11: SNTP server error
Bit 14: Address mismatch
Bit 15: Non-volatile memory error
Ethernet Basic Setting Error
Bit 2
Meaning
0
No error
1
An error (such as an invalid IP address) was detected during the validity check of parameters related to the
TCP/IP Interface Object and Ether Link Object.
IP Address Table Error
Bit 3
Meaning
0
No error
1
Error detected (More than 32 records, invalid IP address, or invalid FINS node address).
400
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
IP Router Table Error
Bit 3
Meaning
0
No error
1
Error detected (More than 8 records, or invalid IP address).
Routing Table Error
Bit 6
0
No error
1
Error detected in routing table check.
Meaning
Ethernet Advanced Setting Error
Bit 9
Meaning
0
No error
1
An error was detected during the validity check of vendor-specific parameters for the TCP/IP Interface
Object and Ether Link Object.
BOOTP Server Error
Bit 10
Meaning
0
No error
1
Error detected. (A time-out occurred during communications with the BOOTP server).
SNTP Server Error
Bit 10
Meaning
0
No error
1
Error detected. (The setting of the host specification (IP address or host name) of the SNTP server is not
correct, or communications with the SNTP server timed out.)
Address Mismatch
Bit 14
Meaning
0
No error
1
Error detected. (The address conversion method was set for automatic generation, but the host ID of the
local IP address does not match the local node address (FINS node address).
Non-volatile Memory Error
Bit 15
Meaning
0
No error
1
Error detected. (The non-volatile memory’s service life has expired, or the memory has failed).
Total Number of Packets Received (Response)
The total number of packets received by the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is returned.
Total Number of Receive Errors (Response)
The total number of packet errors detected while the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port was receiving
is returned.
The following types of error are detected:
• Short packet errors
• Alignment errors
• CRC errors
• Frame length errors (received frame: 1,515 bytes or more)
• Communications controller overflow errors
Total Number of Packets Sent (Response)
The total number of packets sent by the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is returned.
401
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Total Number of Errors Sent (Response)
The total number of packet errors detected while the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port was sending
is returned.
Total Number of Send Collisions (Response)
Returns the number of packets damaged by 16 collisions with data from other nodes during EtherNet/IP Unit or
built-in EtherNet/IP port transmissions.
Precautions
Counting of the total number of packets received, total number of receive errors, total number of packets sent,
total number of errors sent, and total number of send collisions is discontinued when the counted value
reaches the maximum value.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
INTERNODE ECHO TEST
Performs an echoback test (internode communications test) between specified nodes.
Command Block
08 01
1,998 bytes max.
Command
code
Test data
Response Block
1,998 bytes max.
08 01
Command
code
Response
code
Test data
Parameters
Test Data (Command, Response)
This command specifies the data to be sent to the specified nodes. Up to 1,998 bytes can be specified. The
response sends back data identical to the data specified in the command. An abnormality is assumed if the
data returned in the response differs from the test data sent.
Precautions
• The test destination node is the destination node specified in the CMND(194) instruction operands.
• Always specify the unit address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port in the CMND(194)
instruction.
402
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
1002
Description
Normal end
Command too large
Command too small (No test data)
BROADCAST TEST RESULTS READ
Reads the results (number of times data received) of the broadcast test.
Command Block
08 02
Command
code
Response Block
08 02
Command
code
Response
code
Times
received
Parameters
Times Received (Response)
The number of times the data has been received normally during the broadcast send test is returned as a
hexadecimal number. The number of times received is cleared each time the result is read.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
BROADCAST DATA SEND
Sends test data simultaneously to all nodes on the network.
Command Block
08 03
Command
code
1,460 bytes max.
Test data
Parameters
Test Data (Command)
This command specifies the data to be sent to the specified nodes. Up to 1,460 bytes can be specified.
403
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Precautions
• No response is made to this command.
• When using this command, set the FINS header parameters (or the control data for the CMND(194)
instruction) as follows:
Destination node address:
FF (broadcast data)
Destination unit address:
FE (EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port)
Response/no response flag: 1 (no response)
ERROR LOG READ
Reads the error log.
Command Block
21 02
Command
code
Beginning
record
number
Number
of
records
Response Block
21 02
Command
code
Response
code
Maximum
number
of stored
records
Number
of stored
records
Number
of
records
10 bytes
10 bytes
Error log data
Error log data
Parameters
Beginning Record Number (Command)
The first record to be read. The first record number can be specified in the range between 0000 and 003F (0 to
63 decimal) where 0000 is the oldest record.
Number of Records (Command, Response)
The number of records to read is specified between 0001 and 0040 (1 to 64 decimal) in the command. The
response returns the actual number of records read.
Maximum Number of Stored Records (Response)
Indicates the maximum number of records that can be stored in the error log. The maximum number of error
log records depends on the model of CPU Unit or CPU Bus Unit being used. In an EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port, the maximum number of stored records is fixed at 40 (64 decimal).
Number of Stored Records (Response)
The number of records stored at the time the command is executed is returned.
Error Log Data (Response)
The specified number of error log records from the beginning record number is returned sequentially. The total
number of bytes in the error log is calculated as the number of records x 10 bytes/record. Each error log record
thus comprises 10 bytes, configured as follows:
404
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
1st byte
Appendix E
10th byte
Error code
Detailed Minutes Second Day Hour Year Month
information
Error Code, Detailed Information
Details of the error stored in the record. Refer to 14-4-4 Error Log Error Codes for details.
Minute, Second, Day, Hour, Year, Month
Indicate the time at which the error stored in the record occurred.
Precautions
• If the error log contains fewer records than the number specified in the number of records parameter, all
records stored in the error log at the time the command is executed will be returned and the command executed will end normally.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
1002
1103
110C
Description
Normal end
Command too large
Command too small
Beginning record number is out of range
The number of read records is 0.
ERROR LOG CLEAR
Clears the error log for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP ports, and resets the number of stored
records to 0.
Command Block
21 03
Command code
Response Block
21 03
Command
code
Response
code
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
PING
Performs processing equivalent to a UNIX computer’s PING command (see below).
405
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Command Block
27 20
Command
code
Destination IP address
Timeout
value
Response Block
27 20
Command
code
Response
code
Parameters
Destination IP Address (Command)
The IP address (in hexadecimal) of the destination node for the PING command echo request packet.
Timeout Value (Command)
The wait time for the echo reply packet. The value is set in seconds. The timeout time is set at 20 seconds if
the value is specified as 0. If the echo reply packet is not received within the set time limit, the code for a timeout error will be set as the results storage response code.
Remarks
PING Command
The PING command runs the echoback test using the ICMP protocol. When the PING command is executed,
an echo request packet is sent to the remote node ICMP. Correct communications are confirmed when the
returned response packet is received normally. The echo reply packet is automatically returned by the remote
node ICMP.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
0205
1001
1002
1100
220F
2211
Description
Normal end (echo reply received from the remote node)
Timeout error
Command too large
Command too small
Zero destination address
PING command currently being executed
High traffic at Unit; cannot execute service.
FINS/TCP CONNECTION REMOTE NODE CHANGE REQUEST
Requests a remote node change for the FINS/TCP connection.
The default destination IP address in a connection in which the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is
used as a client is the destination IP address set under the FINS/TCP Tab Page in the Unit Setup. By sending
this command to the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port, the destination IP address for the specified
connection can be changed to another IP address.
Remote node changes can be made only for connection numbers specified as FINS/TCP clients in the Unit
Setup.
406
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Command Block
27 30
Command FINS/TCP
connection No.
code
Remote IP
address
Remote TCP
port number
Response Block
27 30
Command
code
Response
code
Parameters
FINS/TCP Connection No. (Command)
Specifies, in two bytes, the FINS/TCP connection number (1 to 16) for which the change is to be made.
Remote IP Address (Command)
Specifies the remote node’s IP address (must be non-zero) in hexadecimal.
Remote Port Number (Command)
Specifies the remote TCP port number (must be non-zero) with this command.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
0105
0302
1001
1002
1100
2230
2231
2232
Description
Normal end
Node address setting error
Local IP address setting error
CPU Unit error; execution not possible.
Command too large
Command too small
Connection number not set from 1 to 16
Remote IP address set to 0
Remote TCP port number set to 0
Connection already established with specified remote node
Specified connection number not set as FINS/TCP client in
Unit Setup
Remote node change processing for specified connection
number aborted because change request received during processing
FINS/TCP CONNECTION STATUS READ
Reads the FINS/TCP connection status.
Command Block
27 31
Command FINS/TCP
code
connection No.
407
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Response Block
27 31
Command
code
Response
code
FINS/TCP Connection
connection service
No.
Local IP address
Local TCP
port number
Remote IP
address
Remote TCP TCP transition
port number
Parameters
FINS/TCP Connection No. (Command, Response)
Command: Specifies, in two bytes, the FINS/TCP connection number (1 to 16) for which the status is to be
read.
Response: Specifies the FINS/TCP connection number (1 to 16) for which the status was read.
Connection Service (Response)
Specifies the service that is being used for the FINS/TCP connection as a number.
0003: FINS/TCP server
0004: FINS/TCP client
Local IP Address (Response)
Specifies the IP address for the local node in hexadecimal.
Local TCP Port Number (Response)
Specifies the TCP port number for the local node.
Remote IP Address (Response)
Specifies the IP address for the remote node in hexadecimal.
Remote TCP Port Number (Response)
Specifies the TCP port number for the remote node.
TCP Transitions (Response)
Specifies the TCP connection status using the following numbers.
For details on TCP status changes, refer to Appendix C TCP Status Transitions.
Number
00000000
00000001
00000002
00000003
00000004
00000005
00000006
00000007
00000008
00000009
0000000A
408
Status
CLOSED
LISTEN
SYN SENT
SYN RECEIVED
ESTABLISHED
CLOSE WAIT
FIN WAIT 1
CLOSING
LAST ACK
FIN WAIT 2
TIME WAIT
Meaning
Connection closed.
Waiting for connection.
SYN sent in active status.
SYN received and sent.
Already established.
FIN received and waiting for completion.
Completed and FIN sent.
Completed and exchanged FIN. Awaiting ACK.
FIN sent and completed. Awaiting ACK.
Completed and ACK received. Awaiting FIN.
After closing, pauses twice the maximum segment life (2MSL).
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Response Codes
Response code
Description
0000
Normal end
0105
Node address setting error
Local IP address setting error
0302
CPU Unit error; execution not possible.
1001
Command too large
1002
Command too small
1100
Connection number not set from 1 to 16
IP ADDRESS TABLE WRITE
Writes the IP address table.
Command Block
27 50
Command
code
Number
of records
6 bytes
6 bytes
IP address
table records
IP address
table records
Response Block
27 50
Command Response
code
code
Parameters
Number of Records (Command)
The number of records to write is specified in hexadecimal between 0000 and 0020 (0 to 32 decimal) in the
command. If this value is set to 0, the IP address table will be cleared so that no records are registered.
IP Address Table Records (Command)
Specify the IP address table records. The number of records specified must be provided. The total number of
bytes in the IP address table records is calculated as the number of records × 6 bytes/record. The configuration
of the 6 bytes of data in each record is as shown in the following diagram.
1
6 bytes
00
FINS node
number
IP address
FINS Node Address
Node address for communications via the FINS command (hexadecimal).
IP Address
IP address used by TCP/IP protocol (hexadecimal).
Precautions
• The registered IP address table will not be effective until the PLC or EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP
port is restarted.
409
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
• An error response will be returned if the IP address conversion method in the system mode settings is set
for automatic generation on the FINS/UDP Tab Page of the Unit.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
1002
1003
110C
2307
Description
Normal end (echo reply received from the remote node)
Command too large
Command too small
The number of records specified does not match the sent data
length.
The number of records is not between 0 and 32.
The FINS node address is not between 1 and 126
The IP address is 0.
IP address conversion method is set for automatic generation.
IP ADDRESS WRITE
Write the local IP address and the subnet mask in the CPU Bus Unit System Setup.
Command Block
27 57
Command
code
IP address
Subnet mask
Response Block
27 57
Command
code
Response
code
Parameters
IP Address (Command)
Specify the local IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port using 4 pairs of 2-digit hexadecimal numbers in the range 00.00.00.00 to FF.FF.FF.FF (0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255 decimal). Specify 0.0.0.0
to enable the local IP address set in the allocated DM Area words.
Example: 150.31.2.83
96 1F 02
53
Subnet Mask (Command)
Specify the local IP address of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port using 4 pairs of hexadecimal
numbers in the range 00.00.00.00 to FF.FF.FF.FF (0.0.0.0. to 255.255.255.255 decimal).
Example: 255.255.255.255
FF FF FF 00
410
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
1002
Description
Normal end
Command too large
Command too small
Precautions
• The local IP address and subnet mask set by this command are written to the CPU Bus Unit System Setup
for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
• The new local IP address and subnet mask settings will become effective when the PLC or EtherNet/IP
Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is restarted.
IP ADDRESS TABLE READ
Reads the IP address table.
Command Block
27 60
Command
code
Number of
records
Response Block
27 60
Command
code
Response
code
Maximum
number
of stored
records
Number
of stored
records
Number
of records
6 bytes
6 bytes
IP address
table records
IP address
table records
Parameters
Number of Records (Command, Response)
The number of records to read is specified between 0000 and 0020 (0 to 32 decimal) in the command. If this
value is set to 0, the number of stored records is returned but the IP address table records are not returned.
The response returns the actual number of records read.
Maximum Number of Stored Records (Response)
The maximum number of records that can be stored in the IP address table is returned. The maximum number
of stored records is fixed at 0020 (32 records).
Number of Stored Records (Response)
The number of IP address table records stored at the time the command is executed is returned as a hexadecimal number.
IP Address Table Records (Response)
The number of IP address table records specified in the number of records parameter is returned. The total
number of bytes in the IP address table records is calculated as the number of records × 6 bytes/record. The
configuration of the 6 bytes of data in each record is as shown in the following diagram.
411
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
1
Appendix E
6 bytes
00
IP address
FINS node
number
FINS Node Address
Node address for communications via the FINS command (in hexadecimal).
IP Address
IP number used by TCP/IP protocol (in hexadecimal).
Precautions
• If the IP address table contains fewer records than the number specified in the number of records parameter, all the records contained in the IP address table when the command is executed will be returned and
the command execution will end normally.
• An error response will be returned if the IP address conversion method in the system mode settings is set
to the automatic generation method on the FINS/UDP Tab Page of the Unit.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
1002
2307
Description
Normal end
Command too large
Command too small
IP address conversion method is set to the automatic generation method.
IP ROUTER TABLE READ
Reads the IP router table.
Command Block
27 61
Command
code
Number
of records
Response Block
27 61
Command
code
Response
code
Maximum
number
of stored
records
Number
of stored
records
Number
of records
8 bytes
8 bytes
IP router
table records
IP router
table records
Parameters
Number of Records (Command, Response)
The number of records to read is specified between 0000 and 0008 (0 to 8 decimal) in the command. If this
value is set to 0, the number of stored records will be returned but the IP router table records will not be
returned. The response returns the actual number of records read.
412
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Maximum Number of Stored Records (Response)
The maximum number of records that can be stored in the IP router table is returned. The maximum number of
stored records is fixed at 0008 (8 records).
Number of Stored Records (Response)
The number of IP router table records stored at the time the command is executed is returned in hexadecimal.
IP Router table Records (Response)
The number of IP router table records specified in the number of records parameter is returned. The total number of bytes in the IP router table records is calculated as the number of records × 8 bytes/record. The configuration of the 8 bytes of data in each record is shown below.
8 bytes
1
Router IP address
IP Network address
(Network ID)
IP Network Address
The network ID from the IP address in hexadecimal. The network ID part corresponding to the address class
(determined by the leftmost 3 bits) set here, is enabled.
Router IP Address
The IP address (in hexadecimal) of a router connected to a network specified with IP addresses.
Precautions
If the IP router table contains fewer records than the number specified in the number of records parameter, all
the records contained in the IP router table when the command is executed will be returned and the command
execution will end normally.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
1002
Description
Normal end
Command too large
Command too small
PROTOCOL STATUS READ
Reads the protocol status or the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Command Block
27 62
Command
code
Response Block
27 62
Command
code
Response
code
48 bytes
184 bytes
IP status
ICMP status
184 bytes
12 bytes
TCP status
UDP status
413
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Parameters
IP Status (Response)
Twelve types of IP status information occupying 4 bytes each are returned in the following sequence. Each
value is returned as an 8-digit hexadecimal value.
1. Total number of IP packets received.
2. The number of IP packets discarded due to an error with the checksum in the packet header.
3. The number of IP packets discarded because the received packet was larger than the overall packet length
value in the packet header.
4. The number of IP packets discarded because the minimum size of the IP header data could not be stored
in the first short buffer (See note.) when an attempt was made to store the packet.
5. The number of packets discarded for one of the following reasons:
• The IP header length value in the IP header was smaller than the smallest size of the IP header.
• The size of the first short buffer (See note.) was smaller than the IP header length value in the IP header
when storing the packet.
6. The number of IP packets discarded because the IP header length was larger than the overall packet length
value in the packet header.
7. The number of fragmented packets received.
8. The number of received fragmented IP packets discarded because a queue for reassembly could not be
secured.
9. The number of fragmented IP packets discarded because they could not be reassembled within 12 seconds
after being received.
10. Always 0.
11. The number of packets addressed to other networks that have been discarded.
12. Always 0.
Note Refer to MEMORY STATUS READ on page 417 for details on the short buffer.
ICMP Status (Response)
Ten types (46 items) of ICMP status information occupying 4 bytes each are returned in the following
sequence. Each value is returned as an 8-digit hexadecimal value.
1. The number of times the ICMP error routine was called. The ICMP error routine uses ICMP packets to inform the source about errors. The routine is called when an illegal packet is received (error in IP option processing or error in relay processing) or if the object port does not exist when using UDP.
2. Always 0.
3. Always 0.
4. Total number of outputs of each packet type during ICMP output. The 19 statistical values are returned in
the order shown below. Contents are defined for 13 types only; all other types contain 0. Only #0, #3, #14,
#16, and #18 are counted by the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
#0
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#15
4 bytes
Type number
#0
#1, #2
#3
#4
#5
414
Description
Echo reply
Undefined, always 0
Destination unreachable
Source quench
Routing redirect
#16
#17
#18
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Type number
#6, #7
#8
#9, #10
#11
#12
#13
#14
#15
#16
#17
#18
Appendix E
Description
Undefined, always 0
Echo
Undefined, always 0
Time exceeded
Parameter problem
Time stamp
Time stamp reply
Information request
Information request reply
Address mask request
Address mask reply
5. The number of received ICMP packets discarded because the type-indication code was out of range.
6. The number of received ICMP packets discarded because the overall packet length value in the packet
header was smaller than the minimum ICMP packet length.
7. The number of received ICMP packets discarded because of an incorrect checksum value in the packet
header.
8. The number of received ICMP packets discarded because the ICMP header length value in the packet
header did not match the lengths of individual header types.
9. The number of responses returned to received ICMP packets requiring a response.
10. Total number of inputs of each packet type during ICMP input. The 19 statistical values are returned in the
order shown below. Contents are defined for 13 types only; all other types contain 0.
#0
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#15
#16
#17
#18
4 bytes
Type number
#0
#1, #2
#3
#4
#5
#6, #7
#8
#9, #10
#11
#12
#13
#14
#15
#16
#17
#18
Description
Echo reply
Undefined, always 0
Destination unreachable
Source quench
Routing redirect
Undefined, always 0
Echo
Undefined, always 0
Time exceeded
Parameter problem
Time stamp
Time stamp reply
Information request
Information request reply
Address mask request
Address mask reply
TCP Status (Response)
Three types (46 items) of TCP status information occupying 4 bytes each are returned in the following
sequence. Each value is returned as an 8-digit hexadecimal value.
1) Connection Information (60 Bytes)
Fifteen items are returned in the following sequence:
415
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
1. The number of times active connections were correctly established.
2. The number of times a SYN packet was received while waiting to establish a passive connection.
3. The number of times active or passive connections were correctly established.
4. The number of times an established connection was cut off.
5. The number of times the connection wait status was cut off.
6. The number of times protocol control blocks or other actively allocated structures were released.
7. The number of segments for the round-trip time (time from segment transmission to ACK).
8. The number of times the round-trip time was changed.
9. The number of times a delayed acknowledgement (ACK) was sent. If the order of the received segments is
reversed, ACK is sent with a packet of data separate from ACK (response to input data, etc.) or is immediately sent with the ACK for other data.
10. The number of times the connection was cut off because no ACK was returned after several resend attempts.
11. The number of times no ACK was returned within the resend timer set time. (The resend timer sets the maximum time limit between the data being output and ACK being returned.)
12. The number of times no window advertisement is received within the time set on the duration timer. (The
duration timer sets the maximum time limit for a window advertisement to be received if the transmission
window is smaller than necessary and the resend timer is not set. If no window advertisement is received
within the time limit, the number of segments permitted by the transmission window are sent. If the transmission window is set to 0, a window probe (1 octet of data) is sent before the timer restarts.)
13. The number of times no segment was sent or received within the time set on the hold timer.
14. The number of times the hold packet is resent. (Always 0.)
15. The number of times the hold packet is sent without response before the connection is cut off.
2) Send Information (40 Bytes)
Ten information items are returned in the following sequence:
1. The total number of packets sent.
2. The number of data packets sent.
3. The number of data bytes sent.
4. The number of data packets resent.
5. The number of data bytes resent.
6. The number of ACK packets sent.
7. The number of window probes (1 octet of data) sent.
8. The number of emergency data packets sent. (Always 0.)
9. The number of window advertisement packets sent.
10. The number of control packets (SYN, FIN, RST) sent.
3) Receive Information (84 Bytes)
Twenty-one information items are returned in the following sequence:
1. The total number of packets received.
2. The number of packets received continuously.
3. The number of bytes received continuously.
4. The number of received packets discarded due to an incorrect checksum.
5. The number of packets discarded because the TCP header was smaller than the minimum size for a TCP
header or was larger than the IP packet.
6. The number of packets discarded because the TCP header and IP header could not be stored in the first
short buffer.
7. The number of resent packets received.
416
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
8. The number of bytes in the resend packets.
9. The number of duplicated resend packets received.
10. The number of bytes in the duplicated resend packets received.
11. The number of out-of-range data packets received. (Always 0.)
12. The number of bytes in the out-of-range data packets received. (Always 0.)
13. The number of packets where the data was larger than the window.
14. The number of bytes in the packets where the data was larger than the window.
15. The number of packets received after closing.
16. The number of window probe packets received.
17. The number of resent ACK packets received.
18. The number of ACK packets received with no data set.
19. The number of ACK packets received.
20. The number of ACK packets received for received transmission acknowledgements (ACK).
21. The number of window advertisement packets received.
UDP Status (Response)
Three items of UDP information occupying 4 bytes each are returned in the following sequence. Each value is
returned as an 8-digit hexadecimal value.
1. The number of packets discarded because the size of the first short buffer was smaller than the minimum
size (28) of the IP header and UDP header when the packet was stored.
2. The number of packets discarded due to an incorrect checksum in the UDP header.
3. The number of packets discarded because the IP overall length in the IP header was shorter than the UDP
overall length in the UDP header.
Precautions
All the above values are set to 0 if network operation stops due to incorrect settings in the system setup.
Counting will be stopped when a count reaches the maximum value. The maximum values are as follows:
IP, ICMP, or UDP status: 7FFFFFFF (2,147,483,647 decimal)
TC status:
FFFFFFFF (4,294,967,295 decimal)
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
MEMORY STATUS READ
Reads the status of the network memory for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. The network
memory contains 2,991 bytes that are used as required as for communications buffers for communications servicing. The network memory consists of 23,928 short buffers (128 bytes each) and 64 long buffers (1,024 bytes
each).
Command Block
27 63
Command
code
417
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Response Block
27 63
Command
code
92 bytes
Response
code
Memory status
Parameters
Memory Status (Response)
A total of 23 data items in six areas are returned in the following order. Each item consists of 4 bytes.
1) Short Buffer Application: Two items are returned (8 bytes).
1. The number of short buffers currently being used.
2. The number of short buffers in the system (fixed at 23,928 decimal).
2) Short Buffer Application by Type: Thirteen items are returned (52 bytes).
1. The number of short buffers used for storing communications data
2. The number of short buffers used for protocol headers (TCP, UDP, IP, ICMP, ARP)
3. The number of short buffers used in socket structures
4. The number of short buffers used as protocol control blocks
5. The number of short buffers used for routing tables
6. Not used (always 0)
7. Not used (always 0)
8. The number of short buffers used for IP fragment re-assembly queue headers
9. The number of short buffers used for storing socket addresses
10. Not used (always 0)
11. The number of short buffers used for storing socket options
12. The number of short buffers used for storing access rights
13. The number of short buffers used for storing interface addresses
3) Long Buffer Application: Two items are returned (8 bytes).
1. The number of long buffers currently being used.
2. The number of long buffers in the system (fixed at 64 decimal).
4) Not Used: Always 0. (4 bytes)
5) Network Memory Application: Two items are returned (8 bytes).
1. The number of bytes used (in K bytes)
2. The percentage used
6) Memory Exhaustion Log (12 bytes)
Counts for the following values indicate a high load on the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port. These
high loads may be caused by problems in communications, particularly FINS communications and UDP sockets. If these values are consistently high, check your applications.
1. The number of times an attempt was made to secure a short buffer without WAIT when there were no short
buffers available.
2. The number of times an attempt was made to secure a short buffer with WAIT when there were no short
buffers available.
3. The number of times an attempt was made to release and secure a short buffer already being used by another socket when there were no short buffers available.
418
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Precautions
All the above values are set to 0 if Ethernet communications functions are stopped due to improper settings in
the system setup.
These values are cleared when the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is started or reset. Values will
be counted only until the maximum values are reached.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
SOCKET STATUS READ
Reads the network socket status of the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port.
Command Block
27 64
Command
code
Response Block
27 64
Command
code
Response
code
32 bytes
32 bytes
Socket status
Socket status
Parameters
Socket Status (Response)
Returns eight types of information in records of 32 bytes each. A maximum of 62 records can be returned. The
format of each record is shown below.
Protocol (4 bytes)
The protocol used for the socket is returned as a number.
00 00 00 06: TCP; 00 00 00 11: UDP
Receive Queue (4 bytes)
The number of bytes in the reception queue.
Send Queue (4 bytes)
The number of bytes in the send queue.
Local IP Address (4 bytes)
The local IP address allocated to the socket.
Local Port Number (4 bytes)
The local port number allocated to the socket.
Remote IP Address (4 bytes)
The remote IP address allocated to the socket.
419
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Remote Port Number (4 bytes)
The remote port number allocated to the socket.
TCP Transitions (4 bytes)
The TCP connection status is returned as one of the numbers shown in the following table. Refer to Appendix
C TCP Status Transitions for a diagram of transitions.
Number
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 01
00 00 00 02
00 00 00 03
00 00 00 04
00 00 00 05
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 0A
Stage
CLOSED
LISTEN
SYN SENT
SYN RECEIVED
ESTABLISHED
CLOSE WAIT
FIN WAIT 1
CLOSING
LAST ACK
FIN WAIT 2
TIME WAIT
Status
Closed.
Waiting for connection.
SYN sent in active status.
SYN received and sent.
Already established.
Received FIN, waiting to close.
Completed and FIN sent.
Completed and exchanged FIN. Awaiting ACK.
FIN sent and completed. Awaiting ACK.
Close completed and ACK received. Awaiting FIN.
After closing, pauses twice the maximum segment life (2MSL).
Precautions
All the above values are set to 0 if Ethernet communications functions are stopped due to improper settings in
the system setup.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
ADDRESS INFORMATION READ
Reads FINS node addresses and IP addresses
Command Block
27 65
Command
code
Response Block
27 65
Command
code
6 bytes
Response
Number
code
of addresses
Address
information
Parameters
Number of Addresses (Response)
Returns the number of pairs of FINS node addresses and IP addresses. With the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in
EtherNet/IP port, this value is always 0001 (1 decimal).
420
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
Address Information
Returns the FINS node addresses and IP addresses. Each pair requires 6 bytes and has the following configuration.
1
6 bytes
00
FINS node
number
IP address
FINS Node Address
Node address set in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port (hexadecimal).
IP Address
IP address set in the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port (hexadecimal).
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
IP ADDRESS READ
Reads the local IP address and subnet mask in the CPU Bus Unit System Setup and the FINS node address.
The values read with this command, however, are not necessarily the settings actually used for operation. The
settings that are actually used for operation can be confirmed using CONTROLLER DATA READ (page 398)
and ADDRESS INFORMATION READ (page 420).
This command is supported for CJ-series EtherNet/IP Units only.
Command Block
27 67
Command
code
Response Block
27 67
Command
code
00
Response
code
Number of
addresses
IP address
FINS
node number
Subnet mask
Parameters
Number of Addresses (Response)
The number of sets of FINS node addresses, IP addresses, and subnet masks being returned. The EtherNet/
IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is always 0001 (1 decimal).
FINS Node Address (Response)
Node address set on the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port (hexadecimal).
421
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Appendix E
IP Address (Response)
The local IP address set in the CPU Bus Unit System Setup for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port
is returned in order starting from the leftmost bytes in hexadecimal. If the local IP address set in the allocated
words in the DM Area is enabled, 0.0.0.0 is returned.
Subnet Mask (Response)
The subnet mask set in the CPU Bus Unit System Setup for the EtherNet/IP Unit or built-in EtherNet/IP port is
returned in order starting from the leftmost bytes in hexadecimal.
Response Codes
Response code
0000
1001
Description
Normal end
Command too large
EXPLICIT MESSAGE SEND
Sends a explicit request message to the specified object, and receives a response.
The rightmost 8 bits of the remote (destination) IP address are used as the remote MAC ID, and the remote IP
address is the network ID of the local IP address + the rightmost 8 bits of the remote IP address.
Command Block
28
01
468 bytes max.
Command
code
Class ID
Service Code
Destination node address
Instance ID Service Data
Response Block
28
01
Command
code
00
00
498 bytes max.
Service Data
Service Code
Destination node address (remote node)
End
code
Number of
bytes received
Response Codes
Response code
0000
0101
0105
0106
0201
0204
0205
1001
1002
1004
1005
422
Description
Normal end
The local node’s network has not started up.
Local node setting error (A BOOTP errors occurs, and the IP
address is undetermined.)
Duplicate address error
The remote node’s network has not started up.
Remote node busy, cannot send.
No response returned from remote node. Monitoring timer
timed out.
Command length exceeds maximum command length.
Command length is less than minimum command length.
Command block format does not match.
Header error
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Response code
110B
2211
Appendix E
Description
Response length exceeds maximum response length.
Unit is busy.
Description
For details, refer to EXPLICIT MESSAGE SEND (28 01) on page 244 in 9-1-1 Sending Explicit Messages
Using CMND(490).
CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND
Sends a message in the CIP message (UCMM) format.
Command Block
2810 hex
Command
code
Transport Message monitoring
ID
timer
502 bytes max.
Request bus size
(variable length)
Request bus size
Service code
Request data
(variable length)
Response Block
2810 hex
0000 hex
Command
code
End
code
00
hex
Transport Number of
ID
bytes received
502 bytes max.
00
hex
00
hex
Service response data
(variable length)
Reserved
General status
Reserved
Service code (response)
Response Codes
Response code
0000
0101
0106
0201
0204
0205
1001
1002
1004
Description
Normal end
The local node’s network has not started up.
Duplicate address error
The remote node’s network has not started up.
Remote node busy, cannot send.
No response returned from remote node. Monitoring timer timed out.
Command length exceeds maximum command length.
Command length is less than minimum command length.
Command block format does not match.
423
FINS Commands Addressed to EtherNet/IP Units or Built-in EtherNet/IP Ports
Response code
1005
110B
2211
Appendix E
Description
Header error
Response length exceeds maximum response length.
Unit is busy.
Description
For details, refer to CIP UCMM MESSAGE SEND (28 10) on page 240 in 9-1-1 Sending Explicit Messages
Using CMND(490).
424
Appendix F
EDS File Management
This section explains the EDS file management functions used in the Network Configurator.
Installing EDS Files
Note Using Windows Vista or Windows 7
Is recommended that you start the Network Configurator from Run as administrator when you install an
EDS file in the Network Configurator. If the EDS file is installed on a Network Configurator that is started
in any other way, Windows security user management will cause the installed EDS file to not be recognized when you log in using a different user account. You can run the Network Configurator as the
administrator by using the following procedure.
1. Select the Network Configurator from the Start Menu, and then right-click.
2. Select Run as administrator from the pop-up menu that is displayed.
EDS File - Install
The Network Configurator can support new devices if the proper EDS files are installed.
To install the EDS file, use the following procedure.
1. Select EDS File and Install.
The following window will be displayed.
2. The device information will be displayed on the bottom of the window when the EDS file is selected.
425
EDS File Management
Appendix F
3. Select the EDS file to be installed and click the Open Button.
Next, select the icon file (*.ico), and the EDS file will be added to the Hardware List.
If the EDS file already exists, the new EDS file will overwrite the previous one.
If the hardware versions are different, an EDS file will be added to the Hardware List for each version.
Creating EDS Files
EDS File - Create
The EDS files are required by the Network Configurator in order to create a network configuration. To create
an EDS file, use the following procedure.
1. Select EDS File - Create.
2. Set the device information and I/O information.
The device information can be obtained from the device on the network if the network is online.
3. The device can be added to the Hardware List as a new device, just like installing an EDS file.
Note Device parameters cannot be set with the Network Configurator’s EDS file creation function. Obtain a
proper EDS file from the manufacturer of the device to make device parameter settings for the device.
Deleting EDS Files
EDS File - Delete
To delete an EDS file, use the following procedure.
1. Select the device from the Hardware List.
2. Select EDS File - Delete.
The following confirmation window will be displayed.
3. Click the Yes Button.
The selected device will be deleted from the Hardware List together with the EDS file.
Saving EDS Files
EDS File - Save
To save the EDS file, use the following procedure.
1. Select the device from the Hardware List.
2. Select EDS file - Save As.
The following window will be displayed to specify the name of the folder where the EDS file will be saved
and the name of the EDS file.
426
EDS File Management
Appendix F
3. Input the folder and file names and click the Save Button The EDS file will be saved.
Searching EDS Files
EDS File - Search
To search the devices (EDS files) displayed in the Hardware List, use the following procedure.
1. Select EDS file - Find.
The following window will be displayed.
2. Input the character string and click the Find Next Button.
3. When there is a matching device found, the cursor will move to that position.
4. To quit the search operation, click the Cancel Button.
Note
(1) The device will be found if it is located below the present cursor position.
(2) To search all the devices, select Hardware in the Hardware List before performing the search procedure.
Displaying EDS File Properties
EDS File - Property
To display the properties of the EDS file, use the following procedure.
1. Select the desired hardware (device) from the Hardware List.
427
EDS File Management
Appendix F
2. Select EDS File - Property.
The following window will be displayed.
The time and date that the EDS file was created will be displayed, along with the device information.
428
Appendix G
Precautions for Using Windows XP, Vista, or
Windows 7
Changing Windows Firewall Settings
Better firewall security for Windows XP (SP2 or higher), Windows Vista, and Windows 7 has increased the
restrictions for data communications on Ethernet ports. When using an EtherNet/IP connection*1 to one of the
following PLCs from an Ethernet port on a computer, you must change the settings of the Windows Firewall to
enable using CX-Programmer or Network Configurator communications.
Applicable PLCs:
• [email protected]@-EIP/[email protected]
• CS1W/[email protected]@
*1
CX-Programmer
• An EtherNet/IP connection includes the following cases:
• An online connection with the network type set to EtherNet/IP
• An automatic online connection to a PLC on an EtherNet/IP network when Auto Online - EtherNet/IP
Node Online is selected from the PLC Menu
Network Configurator
• A connection made by selecting Option - Select Interface - Ethernet I/F
Note Windows Firewall is mainly designed to prevent inappropriate access from external devices (e.g., via the
Internet). The changes to the Windows Firewall settings described in this document enable EtherNet/IP
connections to be used by the CX-Programmer. If the same computer is being used on a company network or other network, confirm that the changes will not create security problems before proceeding with
the changes. The changes described in this document are required only when you connect using EtherNet/IP through an Ethernet port. No changes are necessary if you are connecting through any other
port, such as a USB port.
Changing Windows Firewall Settings
Windows XP
1. When you attempt to connect the CX-Programmer or Network Configurator to a PLC on an EtherNet/IP network through an Ethernet port, the Windows Security Alert Dialog Box will be displayed.
2. Click the Unblock Button.
An EtherNet/IP connection will be accepted from CX-Programmer or Network Configurator and EtherNet/
IP connections will be enabled in the future as well.
Windows Vista or Windows 7
Use the following procedure to change the settings before attempting to connect from the CX-Programmer or
Network Configurator.
429
Precautions for Using Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7
Appendix G
The User Account Control Dialog Box may be displayed during this procedure. If it appears, click the Continue
Button and continue with the procedure.
1. Select Control Panel from the Windows Start Menu and change the display to Classic View.
2. Open the Administrative Tools and select Windows Firewall with Advanced Security from the dialog box that
is displayed.
3. Select Inbound Rules under Windows Firewall with Advanced Security on Local Computer on the left side
of the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security Dialog Box.
4. Select New Rule under Inbound Rules in the Actions Area on the right side of the dialog box.
5. Make the following settings for each step in the New Inbound Rule Wizard Dialog Box, clicking the Next
Button to move between steps.
Rule Type
Program
Protocol and Ports
Select Custom.
Select All Programs.
Select ICMPv4 as the protocol type.
Scope
Action
Profile
Name
Select Any IP address for everything.
Select Allow the connection.
Select Domain, Private, and Public.
Enter any name, e.g., Omron_EIP.
6. Click the Finish Button. The rule that you defined will be registered in the Inbound Rules (e.g., Omron_EIP).
Close the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security Dialog Box.
7. When you attempt to connect the CX-Programmer or Network Configurator to a PLC on an EtherNet/IP network through an Ethernet port, the Windows Security Alert Dialog Box will be displayed.
8. Click the Unblock Button.
430
Precautions for Using Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7
Appendix G
An EtherNet/IP connection will be accepted from CX-Programmer or Network Configurator and EtherNet/
IP connections will be enabled in the future as well.
431
Precautions for Using Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7
432
Appendix G
Appendix H
Setting Example for Using Tag Data Links
with the CJ2M
The maximum link data size per node for tag data links with built-in EtherNet/IP ports on [email protected] CPU
Units depends on the unit version.
Use the following setting examples as reference.
Correct Tag Data Link Setting Examples
Setting Example 1
Maximum link data size per node (total size
of all tags): 640 words (1,280 bytes)
[email protected]@-EIP
320 words (640 bytes)
[email protected]
(unit version 2.1)
[email protected]
(unit version 2.0)
320 words (640 bytes)
Maximum link data size per node (total size
of all tags): 640 words (1,280 bytes)
320 words (640 bytes)
320 words (640 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
Maximum data size per
connection: 20 words (40 bytes)
Setting Example 2
Maximum link data size per node (total size
of all tags): 640 words (1,280 bytes)
[email protected]@-EIP
300 words (600 bytes)
[email protected]
(unit version 2.1)
[email protected]
(unit version 2.0)
300 words (600 bytes)
Maximum link data size per node (total size
of all tags): 640 words (1,280 bytes)
300 words (600 bytes)
300 words (600 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
Maximum data size per
connection: 20 words (40 bytes)
433
Appendix H
Setting Example for Using Tag Data Links with the CJ2M
Incorrect Tag Data Link Setting Examples
Setting Example 1
[email protected]@-EIP
[email protected]
(unit version 2.1)
[email protected]
(unit version 2.0)
30 words (60 bytes)
30 words (60 bytes)
30 words (60 bytes)
Exceeds the maximum data size per
connection (20 words (40 bytes)).
Setting Example 2
Exceeds the maximum link data size per node
(total size of all tags) (640 words (1,280 bytes)).
[email protected]@-EIP
[email protected]
(unit version 2.1)
320 words (640 bytes)
320 words (640 bytes)
320 words (640 bytes)
320 words (640 bytes)
[email protected]
(unit version 2.0)
Maximum data size per
connection: 20 words (40 bytes)
434
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
20 words (40 bytes)
Index
Numerics
7-segment display, 26
A
Adjust Time field, 332, 334
alternate DNS server, 56
applications
precautions, xxiv
Auto Adjust Time field, 332, 333
Auto Adjust Time Tab, 332, 333
automatic clock adjustment
Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch, 334
errors
error codes, 334
error log, 334
SNTP, 334
overview, 330
procedure, 331
requirements, 330
settings, 332
specifications, 331
Auxiliary Area
related data, 92
C
cables
connections, 46
installation, 45
precautions, 43
cd command, 309, 314, 316
cdup command, 309, 314
CIDR, 3, 98
CIO Area
allocations, 74
CIP, 3, 387
CIP communications services, 6
CIP message communications., 387
cleaning, 338
close command, 309, 314, 318
CMND(490) instruction, 194, 224, 228
commands
FTP commands, 314
communications
high traffic conditions, 236
message communications, 191, 237
message communications errors, 199
communications cables, xxv
Communications Port Enabled Flags, 230
B
Communications Port Error Flags, 230
communications specifications, 17
Backup Tool, 343
Communications Status 1 Flags, 81
bandwidth usage
relationship to packet interval (RPI), 267
Communications Status 2 Flags, 83
baud rate, 57, 273
CJ-series, 15, 16
CS-series, 14
communications test, 68
bits
Automatic Clock Adjustment Switch, 334
connection
setting, 145
boots
recommended models, 30
Connections settings (Edit All Connections), 148
BROADCAST DATA SEND, 403
connectors (modular plug)
recommended models, 30
broadcast test
command, 403
reading results, 403
Communications Status 3 Flags, 83
component names, 22
connecting to the FTP server, 310
Connections Tab, 145
Contact Output Units
precautions, 45
BROADCAST TEST RESULTS READ, 403
control bits, 75
buffers, 383, 417
CONTROLLER DATA READ, 398
bye command, 309, 314, 318
CONTROLLER STATUS READ, 400
CPU Bus Units
precautions, xxvi
435
Index
creating a tag set, 131
creating tag sets, 131
dynamic changes of remote IP address
prohibiting, 103
creating tags, 132
crimp terminals, xxv
current consumption
CJ-series, 15, 16
CS-series, 14
CX-Integrator, 48
creating routing tables, 212
CX-Programmer, 8, 48
connecting to PLC, 215
cyclic communications
required settings, 37
E
EC Directives, xxvi
Edit Parameters, 54, 64
EDS file management, 425
EDS files, 10, 425
creating, 426
installing, 425
saving, 426
searching, 427
electromagnetic fields, xxiv
D
EM File Memory, 321
using, 321
D5 error (verification error, target nonexistent) mask, 87
EMC Directives, xxvi
Datalink Tool, 60
EMI Standard, xxvi
default gateway, 56
EMS Standard, xxvi
delays
message service delays, 299
EPATH type, 389
delete command, 309, 314, 318
Device Monitor function, 346
device parameters
clearing, 180
editing, 131
devices
registering, 129
DHCP client computer, 106
DHCP service
automatic IP address setting by DHCP service, 106
dimensions
CJ-series, 15, 16, 19, 20
CS-series, 14, 19
dir command, 309, 314, 315
distance
CJ-series transmission distance, 15, 16
transmission distance, 14
DM Area
allocations, 87
DNS server, 56
automatic clock adjustment
errors, 334
DNS Tab, 332
domain name, 57
downloading tag data link parameters, 172
436
error codes
table of error codes, 371
error flags
Target Node PLC Error Flags, 77, 91
error log
clearing, 370
codes, 371
overflow, 370
specifications, 370
ERROR LOG CLEAR, 405
error log function, 370
ERROR LOG READ, 404
error processing, 345
errors
automatic clock adjustment, 334
controller status, 400
error log
clearing, 405
reading, 404
error messages, 319
flags
FINS communications, 400
message communications, 198, 199
Ethernet communications
addresses
reading from Unit, 398
network parameters, 381
parameters, 381, 383
Index
Ethernet Connectors, 46
Ethernet Units
reading status, 417
flags
Error Flags, 400
FTP Status Flag, 320
EtherNet/IP Datalink Tool, 60
FTP, 3, 65, 308
EtherNet/IP Unit Features, 2
FTP server
application examples, 313
commands, 314
bye, 318
cd, 316
close, 318
delete, 318
dir, 315
get, 317
ls, 315
mdelete, 318
mget, 317
mput, 317
open, 314
put, 317
pwd, 316
quitting, 318
type, 317
user, 315
connecting, 310, 314
data type, 317
displaying current directory, 316
file types, 309
protection, 309
protocol, 309
quitting, 318
See also Memory Cards
specifications, 309
status, 320
EtherNet/IP Units
resetting, 397
ETN11-compatible mode, 103
explicit message communications, 191, 237
explicit message communications service, 110, 112
explicit messages
list of PLC object services, 252
receiving, 251
sending, 238
sending using CMND(490), 246
F
FALS instruction, xxiii
FINS communications, 237
overview, 8
specifications, 203, 224
testing, 405
FINS communications service, 110, 111
FINS communications services, 98
FINS message communications, 191, 194
FINS node address
relationship to IP address, 98, 109
FINS response codes
troubleshooting with response codes, 377
FINS/TCP, 206
communications, 208
connection numbers, 207
connection status, 208
features, 206
frame format, 207
procedure, 209
TCP port number, 207
FTP Status Flag, 320
full duplex, 57
G
gateway
default gateway, 56
FINS/TCP communications method, 104
general specifications, 14
FINS/TCP Connection Status Flags, 85
get command, 309, 314, 317, 326
FINS/UDP, 204
frame format, 204
procedure, 205
UDP port numbers, 205
Get the time information from the SNTP server field, 332,
333
global address, 110
GMRP, 31
FINS/UDP and FINS/TCP
comparison, 203
FINS/UDP communications methods, 100
FinsGateway, 219
437
Index
H
half duplex, 57
high communications traffic
preventing, 236
host name, 56
Host name field, 332, 333
I
I/O allocations
CIO Area, 74
DM Area, 87
I/O memory address, 120
IP ADDRESS TABLE READ, 411
IP addresses
allocating, 96
configuration, 96
IP communications
IP addresses
reading from Units, 398
reading tables, 411
IP router tables
reading, 412
status, 414
IP ROUTER TABLE READ, 412
L
I/O response time, 288
I/O tables
creating, 48
overview, 48
ladder programming for tag data links, 187
LED indicators, 24
using for troubleshooting, 353
ICMP communications
status, 414
link setting (baud rate), 57
IGMP snooping, 31
locking devices
precautions, xxv
importing, 140
local network table, 211
indicators, 24
using LED indicators for troubleshooting, 353
Login field, 312
initial settings, 36
ls command, 309, 314, 315
installation, 35
cable connections, 46
location, xxiv
mounting Unit to PLC, 40
precautions, 43
INTERNODE ECHO TEST, 402
internode test
command, 402
IP address, 56, 96
automatic generation, 99
automatic generation (dynamic), 100
automatic generation (static), 101
automatic IP address setting by DHCP service, 106
combined method, 102
determining IP addresses, 96
global address, 110
IP address table method, 99, 101
private address, 110
prohibiting dynamic changes of remote IP address, 103
relationship to FINS node address, 98, 109
responding to computers with changed IP address, 106
IP Address Display/Setting Area, 87
IP Address field, 332, 333
Low Voltage Directive, xxvi
M
maintenance, 338
maximum tag data link I/O response time, 291
mdelete command, 309, 314, 318
memory allocation, 72
Memory Card, 341
restoring data, 341
Memory Cards, 309, 321
deleting files, 318
displaying directories, 315
See also FTP server
transferring files from host, 317
transferring files to host, 317
MEMORY STATUS READ, 417
message communications, 7, 237
errors, 198
specifications, 197
message communications functions, 191
message communications service
required settings, 37
mget command, 309, 314, 317
438
Index
mkdir command, 309, 314
mode settings
reading from Unit, 398
mounting procedure, 41
mput command, 309, 314, 317
MS indicator, 24
multicast communications, 118
multicast filter, 31
P
packet interval (RPI)
relationship to bandwidth usage, 267
setting, 266
Password field, 312
PCMR(260) instruction, 231
PING, 405
PING command, 68
N
n
beginning word of allocated CIO Area, 74
network
devices required for constructing a network, 4
network configuration file
reading, 182
saving, 181
Network Configurator, 125
connecting to the network, 165
Device Monitor function, 346
requirements, 10
starting, 125
TCP/IP settings, 58
Network Configurator overview, 10
network devices
recommended devices, 30
networks
network memory, 417
network parameters, 381
Node Address Setting Switch, 29
node addresses
setting, 38, 39
noise, xxiv
Contact Output Units, 45
reducing, 43
PLC object services, 252
Port No. field, 312, 332, 333
port numbers
UDP port
reading from Unit, 398
power supply, xxiv
precautions, xxv
precautions, xxi
applications, xxiv
Contact Output Units, 45
general, xxii
handling, 42
installation, 43
operating environment, xxiv
power supply, xxv
safety, xxii
wiring, 46
preferred DNS server, 56
private address, 110
Programming Console, 48
Programming Devices
connecting, 48
CX-Net, 48
CX-Programmer, 48
Programming Console, 48
PROTOCOL STATUS READ, 413
nomenclature and functions, 22
protocols
FTP server, 309
reading status, 413
Normal Target Node Flags, 85, 90
put command, 309, 314, 317, 326
NS indicator, 24
pwd command, 309, 314, 316
O
Q
online editing, xxiii
QoS, 31
open command, 309, 314
quit command, 309, 314, 318
operating environment
precautions, xxiv
439
Index
R
receiving explicit messages, 251
SNTP server
automatic clock adjustment
errors, 334
obtaining clock information, 330
recommended network devices, 30
SOCKET STATUS READ, 385, 419
recommended products, 43
sockets
reading status, 419
TCP sockets
status, 385
testing communications, 405
radioactivity, xxiv
RECV(098) instruction, 194, 224, 227
accessible data areas, 225
delays, 302
refresh cycle, 273
Register Device List, 145
Registered Target Node Flags, 85, 89
registering devices, 129, 145
relay tables, 211
rename command, 309, 314
replacing a Unit, 338
replacing Units
precautions, xxv
restoring data from the Memory Card, 341
Retry timer field, 332, 334
rmdir command, 309, 314
route path, 389
routing tables, 211
precautions, xxvi
relay network table, 211
setting examples, 213
specifications, 14
CJ-series general specifications, 15, 16
communications specifications, 17
CS-series general specifications, 14
FINS communications, 224
FTP server, 309
message communications, 197
Network Configurator, 10
startup procedure, 36
static electricity, xxiv
precautions, xxv
status
reading memory status, 417
reading protocol status, 413
reading socket status, 419
status flags for tag data links, 190
subnet mask, 97
subnet masks, 56
reading from Unit, 398
S
safety precautions, xxii
switch
Node Address Setting Switch, 29
Server specification type field, 332, 333
switching hub
connection methods, 44
environment precautions, 44
functions, 31
precautions when selecting, 31
recommended models, 30
Setup Tab, 312
switching hub types, 30
seven-segment Display, 26
SYSMAC BUS/2, 224
seven-segment display
error status, 353, 357, 358, 359, 361, 364
SYSMAC LINK, 224
SEND(090) instruction, 194, 224, 226
accessible data areas, 225
delays, 299
sending explicit messages, 246
short-circuits
precautions, xxv
Simple Backup Function, 339
SNMP, 3, 67
SNMP trap, 67
SNTP, 3, 66, 330
T
tag data link parameters
downloading, 116, 172
setting, 116
uploading, 175
verifying, 176
Tag Data Link Start Bit, 76
440
Index
Tag Data Link Stop Bit, 76
user command, 309, 314, 315
tag data links
checking bandwidth usage, 274
data areas, 120
delay time, 270
functions, 119
I/O response time, 288
ladder programming, 187
maximum I/O response time, 291
overview, 116
required settings, 37
specifications, 119
status flags, 190
user name
specifying, 315
tag data links (cyclic communications), 6
wiring
precautions, 46
tag set, 120
User Settings Area, 89
using FTP commands, 314
V
verifying tag data link parameters, 176
W
tag sets
creating, 131
Target Node PLC Error Flags, 77, 91
Target Node PLC Operating Flags, 77, 91
TCP communications
sockets
status, 385
status, 415
TCP status transitions, 385
TCP/IP, 54
terminal blocks, xxiii
timeout errors, 377
timers, 383
to, 64
troubleshooting, 374
twisted-pair cable
recommended models, 30
twisted-pair cables
precautions, 43
type command, 309, 314, 317
U
unicast communications, 118
unit numbers
setting, 38, 39
Unit replacement, 338
unit setup, 4, 64
Unit Status 1 Flags, 77
Unit Status 2 Flags, 79
Unregister Device List, 146
uploading tag data link parameters, 175
441
Index
442
Revision History
A manual revision code appears as a suffix to the catalog number on the front cover of the manual.
Cat. No. W465-E1-09
Revision code
The following table outlines the changes made to the manual during each revision. Page numbers refer to the
previous version.
Revision code
01
02
Date
June 2007
July 2008
03
04
December 2008
December 2009
05
06
February 2010
October 2010
07
October 2012
08
December 2013
09
November 2014
Revised content
Original production
Added information for CJ-series CJ2 CPU Units and for new unit version 2.0 functions.
Added the CJ-series CJ2 CPU Units ([email protected]@).
Added information on methods to create connections and heartbeats.
Greatly changed the structure of sections 1 and 2.
Added and improved information on communications performance and communications load in section 10.
Made changes accompanying a new version of the Network Configurator (V3.10).
Added the CJ-series CJ2M CPU Units ([email protected]).
Added information on functions for unit version 2.1 of the CJ-series CJ2M CPU Units
([email protected]).
Added information on functions for unit version 2.1 of the EtherNet/IP Unit (and builtin EtherNet/IP port).
Cover and pages xii, : Added trademark symbol.
Page v: Modified "Trademarks and Copyrights" information
Pages xv to xvii: Replaced "Warranty and Application Considerations" with "Terms
and Conditions Agreement."
Page 25: Added paragraph above figure and added sentence to callout in figure.
Page 26: Added precaution.
Page 44: Changed caution and changed dimension in figure.
Pages 79 and 80: Added note and reference to it.
Page 85: Changed figure and added information at beginning of section 4-3-2.
Page 127: Deleted part of note.
Page 354: Added note in Error column cell for Verification Error.
The allowable bandwidth was increased to 12,000 pps.
443
Revision History
444
OMRON Corporation
Industrial Automation Company
Authorized Distributor:
Tokyo, JAPAN
Contact: www.ia.omron.com
Regional Headquarters
OMRON EUROPE B.V.
Wegalaan 67-69, 2132 JD Hoofddorp
The Netherlands
Tel: (31)2356-81-300/Fax: (31)2356-81-388
OMRON ELECTRONICS LLC
2895 Greenspoint Parkway, Suite 200
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169 U.S.A
Tel: (1) 847-843-7900/Fax: (1) 847-843-7787
OMRON ASIA PACIFIC PTE. LTD.
No. 438A Alexandra Road # 05-05/08 (Lobby 2),
Alexandra Technopark,
Singapore 119967
Tel: (65) 6835-3011/Fax: (65) 6835-2711
OMRON (CHINA) CO., LTD.
Room 2211, Bank of China Tower,
200 Yin Cheng Zhong Road,
PuDong New Area, Shanghai, 200120, China
Tel: (86) 21-5037-2222/Fax: (86) 21-5037-2200
© OMRON Corporation 2007 All Rights Reserved.
In the interest of product improvement,
specifications are subject to change without notice.
Cat. No. W465-E1-09
1114
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement