SKF Machine Condition Transmitter (MCT) User Manual

SKF Machine Condition Transmitter (MCT) User Manual
SKF Machine Condition
Transmitter (MCT)
CMSS500(A) Series
User Manual Part No. 32031400-EN
Revision C
User Manual
Copyright© 2007
by SKF Reliability Systems
All rights reserved.
5271 Viewridge Court
San Diego, CA 92123-1841 USA
Telephone: (858) 496-3400
Fax: (858) 496-3531
Customer Service: 1-800-523-7514
SKF Reliability Systems
5271 Viewridge Court
San Diego, California 92123 USA
Telephone (858) 496-3400
FAX (858) 496-3531
For technical support, contact:
[email protected]
or
[email protected] for customers in EMEA region
(Europe, Middle East, and Africa)
Visit us at our web site:
www.skf.com/cm
SKF Patents include: #US05854553, #US05845230, #US06489884,
#US05679900, #US04768380, #US06199422, #US05992237,
#US06202491, #US06513386, #US06275781, #US06633822,
#US06006164, #US2003_0178515A1, #US6,789,025, #US6,789,360,
#WO_03_048714A1
® SKF is a registered trademark of the SKF Group
010207jj
SKF Reliability Systems
Limited Warranty
WARRANTY
Subject to the terms and conditions contained herein, SKF warrants to the
Buyer that for the warranty period indicated below the products sold by SKF
that are listed below (the "Products"), when properly installed, maintained and
operated, will be free from defects in material and workmanship and shall be
fit for the ordinary purposes for which the Products are designed.
BUYER'S LIMITED REMEDIES
This limited warranty defines SKF's sole and exclusive liability and Buyer's sole
and exclusive remedy for any claim arising out of, or related to, any alleged
deficiency in any Product sold by SKF, even if such claim is based on tort
(including negligence or strict liability), breach of contract, or any other legal
theory.
If the Product does not conform to this limited warranty, Buyer must notify
SKF or SKF's authorized service representative within thirty (30) days of
discovery of the nonconformity; provided, however, that SKF shall not be liable
for any claim for which notice is received by SKF more than thirty (30) days
following the expiration of the applicable warranty period for the Product.
Upon receipt of timely notification from Buyer, SKF may, at its sole option,
modify, repair, replace the Product, or reimburse Buyer for any payment
made by Buyer to SKF for the purchase price of the Product, with such
reimbursement being pro rated over the warranty period.
WARRANTY PERIOD
Except as expressly provided below, the warranty period for each Product
shall commence on the date the Product is shipped by SKF to Buyer.
90-DAY WARRANTY
Products warranted for ninety (90) days by SKF are as follows: cable
assemblies, MARLIN(r) QuickConnect (MQC), magnetic temperature probes,
and all refurbished equipment.
ONE-YEAR WARRANTY
Products warranted for one (1) year by SKF are as follows: all Microlog(r)
products and accessories, all MARLIN(r) data managers (MDM), all MARLIN(r)
Condition Detectors (MCD), all Multilog Condition Monitoring Units (CMU),
Multilog Local Monitoring Units (LMU), all Vibration PenPlus, all transmitters,
all SKF software, all Monitor Interface Modules (MIM), all Machine Condition
Transmitters (MCT), MicroVibe P and Custom Products with the prefix of
CMCP (with the exception of any consumable or expendable items).
TWO-YEAR WARRANTY
Products warranted for two (2) years by SKF are as follows:
All standard Eddy Probes, Eddy Probe Drivers, and Eddy Probe Extension
Cables, all standard seismic sensors (accelerometers and velocity transducers),
and all M800A and VM600 Machinery Monitoring Systems.
For all On-Line Systems that have satisfied Criteria 1 and 2 below, the
warranty period shall be either thirty (30) months from the date the On-Line
System is shipped by SKF to Buyer, two (2) years from the date the On-Line
System is installed and commissioned by SKF, or two (2) years from the date
on which the installation of the On-Line System has been audited and
commissioned by SKF or its authorized service representative, whichever
period ends first.
Criteria 1.
Devices used with a Multilog Condition Monitoring Unit (CMU), Multilog Local
Monitoring Unit (LMU), including, but not limited to, the sensing device, the
interconnect cabling, junction boxes, if any, and the communications interface,
must consist only of SKF-supplied or SKF-approved devices and/or
components. The computer provided by Buyer must meet the requirements
stipulated by SKF.
Criteria 2.
SKF or its authorized service representative has installed the On-Line System
or has audited the installation and commissioned the On-Line System.
"On-Line Systems" are defined as systems consisting of Multilog Condition
Monitoring Unit(s) (CMU), Multilog Local Monitoring Unit(s) (LMU), and any
sensing or input devices, the interconnect cabling between the sensing or
input devices and the Multilog Condition Monitoring Unit(s) (CMU), Multilog
Local Monitoring Unit(s) (LMU), and the cabling between the Multilog
Condition Monitoring Unit (CMU), Multilog Local Monitoring Unit (LMU) and
the proprietary SKF communications interface with the host computer.
OTHER SKF PRODUCTS
Any SKF product supplied hereunder but not covered by this limited warranty
shall be either covered by the applicable SKF limited warranty then in place
for such product or, if no such warranty exists, shall be covered by the 90-day
warranty stated above.
THIRD PARTY PRODUCT WARRANTIES
For any third party products sold to Buyer by SKF, SKF will transfer to Buyer
any warranties made by the applicable third party product vendor to the
extent such warranties are transferable.
CONDITIONS
As a condition to SKF's warranty obligations hereunder and if requested or
authorized in writing by SKF, Buyer shall forward to SKF any Product claimed
by Buyer as being defective. Buyer shall prepay all transportation charges to
SKF's factory or authorized service center. SKF will bear the cost of shipping
any replacement Products to Buyer. Buyer agrees to pay SKF's invoice for
the then-current price of any replacement Product furnished to Buyer by
SKF, if the Product that was replaced is later determined by SKF to conform
to this limited warranty.
SKF shall not be obligated under this limited warranty or otherwise for normal
wear and tear or for any Product which, following shipment and any
installation by SKF (if required by the contract with the Buyer), has, in SKF's
sole judgment, been subjected to accident, abuse, misapplication, improper
mounting or remounting, improper lubrication, improper repair or alteration,
or maintenance, neglect, excessive operating conditions or for defects caused
by or attributable to the Buyer, including without limitation Buyer's failure to
comply with any written instructions provided to Buyer by SKF.
SKF shall be free to conduct such tests, investigations and analysis of the
Products returned to SKF, as it deems reasonable and proper in the exercise
of its sole judgment. As a further condition to SKF's obligations hereunder,
Buyer shall offer its reasonable cooperation to SKF in the course of SKF's
review of any warranty claim, including, by way of example only, Buyer's
providing to SKF any and all information as to service, operating history,
mounting, wiring, or re-lubrication of the Product which is the subject of the
Buyer's warranty claim.
EXCEPT WARRANTY OF TITLE AND FOR THE WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET
FORTH IN HEREIN, IT IS UNDERSTOOD AND AGREED THAT: (a) SKF MAKES
NO OTHER WARRANTY, REPRESENTATION OR INDEMNIFICATION, EITHER
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE,
OR NON-INFRINGEMENT; (b) IN NO EVENT SHALL SKF BE LIABLE OR
OBLIGATED FOR SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, INCIDENTAL, DIRECT,
INDIRECT, GENERAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BY WAY
OF EXAMPLE ONLY, LOST PROFITS OR SAVINGS, LOSS OF BUSINESS OR
LOSS OF USE) OR ANY OTHER LOSS, COST OR EXPENSE IN CONNECTION
WITH THE PRODUCTS AND RELATED SERVICES, IF ANY, PROVIDED BY SKF,
AND THIS DISCLAIMER SHALL EXTEND AS WELL TO ANY LIABILITY FOR
NONPERFORMANCE CAUSED BY SKF'S GROSS OR ORDINARY NEGLIGENCE,
AND IN ALL CASES REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OR NOT ANY OF THE
FOREGOING WERE FORESEEABLE OR THAT SKF WAS ADVISED AS TO THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, LOSS, COST, OR EXPENSE; AND (c) NO
PERSON HAS BEEN AUTHORIZED BY SKF TO MAKE ANY FURTHER OR
CONTRARY INDEMNITIES, REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES ON
BEHALF OF SKF. THE FOREGOING LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS OF
LIABILITY SHALL BE MADE APPLICABLE TO THE SALE OF ANY PRODUCT BY
SKF TO THE FURTHEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW.
The exclusive remedies provided in this limited warranty shall not be deemed
to have failed of their essential purpose so long as SKF is willing and able to
perform to the extent and in the manner prescribed in this limited warranty.
CM-F0001
(Revision N, 11-04)
Contents
Introduction
1
The MCT Transmitter ..................................................... 1
The MCT Monitor............................................................. 3
Identification Label........................................................... 6
Powering the MCT........................................................... 8
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
1
Overview ............................................................................ 1
Jumpers ............................................................................. 7
Output...............................................................................15
CMSS500 Series Monitor
1
Setting Monitor Alarms .................................................. 1
Alert and Danger Alarm Setpoint Adjustment.......... 1
Alert and Danger Alarm Delays Adjustment ............. 4
Latching / Non-latching Alarms ................................... 6
Trip Multiply ...................................................................... 7
Alarm Relays ..................................................................... 8
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
1
MCT Typical Installation ................................................. 1
Opening the Case............................................................. 2
Interfacing the MCT with Other Monitoring Systems4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
TOC- 1
Analyzing MCT Readings ................................................ 6
Peak-to-Peak Measurements with the Microlog
(Acceleration and Enveloped Acceleration) ................ 7
RMS Measurements with the Microlog (Acceleration
and Velocity)...................................................................... 8
Peak Detection in Velocity.............................................. 8
CE Installation Guide
1
Overview............................................................................. 1
CE Installation Drawings ................................................ 2
CE Installation ................................................................... 4
Mounting and Outline
1
CMSS500A ........................................................................ 1
CMSS500........................................................................... 2
General Severity Level Guidelines
1
Vibration measured in Velocity..................................... 1
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements.... 4
TOC - 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
1
Introduction
SKF Reliability Systems' Machine Condition Transmitter
(MCT) modules are compact rail-mounted devices that
convert part of a wide-band input signal to a signal
proportional to machine vibration.
The MCT Transmitter
There are six MCT versions, the CMSS525 is an RMS
acceleration transmitter, the CMSS530 is a velocity
transmitter, the CMSS540 is a displacement transmitter,
the CMSS545 is a position transmitter, the CMSS570 is a
temperature transmitter, and the CMSS590 is an
enveloped acceleration transmitter.
Output is a standard 4-20 mA current proportional to
this level, within a specified full range such as 0-1 IPS
RMS for velocity, or 0-10 gE for enveloped acceleration.
The 4-20 mA output is suitable for a direct connection to
a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) or Distributed
Control System (DCS). A BNC connector on the front of
the unit provides access to the buffered transducer signal
for use with portable monitoring equipment, such as the
SKF Microlog® Series Data Collector / Analyzer.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
1- 1
Introduction
The MCT Transmitter
Figure 1 - 1.
The MCT - Transmitter.
Figure 1 - 2.
The MCT - Transmitter/Monitor.
1- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Introduction
The MCT Monitor
The MCT Monitor
CMSS525CMSS525A
CMSS530CMSS530A
CMSS540CMSS540A
CMSS545CMSS545A
CMSS570CMSS570A
CMSS590* * CMSS590A
RMS Acceleration Transmitter without Monitor
RMS Acceleration Transmitter with Monitor
Velocity Transmitter without Monitor
Velocity Transmitter with Monitor
Displacement Transmitter without Monitor
Displacement Transmitter with Monitor
Position Transmitter without Monitor
Position Transmitter with Monitor
Temperature Transmitter without Monitor
Temperature Transmitter with Monitor
Enveloped Acceleration Transmitter without Monitor
Enveloped Acceleration Transmitter with Monitor
Table 1 - 1.
MCT Module Configurations.
MCT modules can be ordered as stand alone Monitors by
adding the suffix "A" to the basic model number (i.e.,
CMSS530A or CMSS590A). When ordered as a stand
alone monitor, the unit includes an alarm module front
panel and output relays that can be jumper configured
for either latching or non-latching operation. The ALERT
or DANGER LED will turn "ON" and the corresponding
relay will actuate whenever overall vibration levels exceed
the corresponding setpoint for more than a preset delay
time (jumper selectable). The alarm module has a front
panel accessible BNC connector and associated selector
switch for reading the analog current vibration level (CV)
or alarm setpoints (A or D) with a standard digital
voltmeter. The alarm module also provides a transducer
OK relay contact, and a trip multiply function (Tx). Trip
multiply allows the alarm levels to be temporarily
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
1- 3
Introduction
The MCT Monitor
increased by a factor of two or three to avoid false
alarms, for example, during the start-up phase of a
machine.
Figure 1 - 3.
MCT Transmitter General Pin Assignment.
1- 4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Introduction
The MCT Monitor
Figure 1 - 4.
MCT Transmitter / Monitor General Pin Assignment.
Figure 1 - 5.
MCT Transmitter / Monitor Top and Bottom Pluggable Terminals.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
1- 5
Introduction
Identification Label
Both monitors and transmitters mount on standard DIN
rail, either G-rail or T-rail.
For more information concerning the alarm settings,
reference Setting Monitor Alarms in Chapter 3.
Identification Label
An identification label on the right side of the module
provides information about the module type including a
unique model number identifying data of the module's
basic configuration, such as the factory configured sensor
type, the measurement method and the installed filter
characteristics.
Standard MCT Units
1- 6
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Introduction
Identification Label
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
1- 7
Introduction
Powering the MCT
Each enveloped acceleration transmitter provides three
band-pass filters.
Special Velocity Units
The unique serial number identifies individual
transmitters and is used for warranty, quality control, and
service purposes. The label also has the CSA and CE
approval marks.
Powering the MCT
The MCT requires externally supplied dc power. The
selected power supply should have a nominal output of
+24 Vdc and be capable of supplying minimum currents
noted in Table 1-2:
1- 8
Model
Number
Minimum Power
Supply/Unit
CMSS525CMSS530CMSS540-
55 mA
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Introduction
Powering the MCT
CMSS545CMSS570CMSS525A
CMSS530A
CMSS540A
CMSS545A
CMSS570A
CMSS590CMSS590A
110 mA
75 mA
125 mA
Table 1 - 2.
MCT Maximum Currents.
* Average current requirements are usually lower.
A regulated power supply dedicated to the vibration
monitoring system is recommended. It is also
recommended that connections between the powersupply and the transmitter/monitors be made with
shielded twisted instrument cable. The cable shield
should float at the transmitter/monitor, and connect to
ground at the power supply / system common end only.
The MCT regulates dc power internally to prevent a fault
on the output of one channel from affecting other
channels. When power is first applied to a
transmitter/monitor after connecting the transducer, a
delay of approximately 30 seconds will occur before the
OK LED turns "ON".
Power Supply Distribution
If more than one MCT module is installed, terminal blocks
for power and ground should be used. From these
terminal blocks, 24 Vdc power is distributed to each
individual module. It is recommended to use individual
fuse terminals for each positive supply line so a power
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
1- 9
Introduction
Powering the MCT
failure in a single MCT module will not affect the other
modules.
Figure 1 - 6.
Typical Power Wiring Configuration.
Grounding
When experiencing interference on the output signals due
to common ground connections, it is recommended to
connect the +24 V GND at the power distribution
terminals to the protective ground (PE).
For CE-approved systems, it is recommended to use
shielded twisted pair cables for all signal connections.
Except for the sensor signal (for example, accelerometer),
all shields must be connected to PE.
1- 10
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Overview
CMSS525 Acceleration Transmitter
The CMSS525 is a 4-20 mA RMS Acceleration
Transmitter. It is factory configured for compatibility with
a low-impedance, voltage output accelerometer. The
input signal is processed to determine the overall
vibration amplitude in terms of RMS acceleration (g's).
The enveloped acceleration transmitter unit always uses
a 100 mV/g low-impedance, constant current powered
accelerometer.
Full scale option
Range
English
Jumper
01
5g
E2
02*
10 g
E3
03
15 g
E2, E3
04
20 g
E3, E4
05
25 g
E2, E3, E4
Table 2 - 1.
MCT Acceleration Transmitter.
* Indicates the factory preset range.
Standard filter band for the CMSS525 is from 2 Hz to 20
KHz.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 1
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Overview
CMSS530 Velocity Transmitter
The CMSS530 is a 4-20 mA Velocity Transmitter. It is
factory configured for use with a low-impedance
accelerometer, and can also be configured for use with a
low-impedance velocity sensor, or electro-mechanical
velocity sensor. The sensor input signal is processed to
determine its overall vibration level in terms of either
velocity (RMS or Peak).
The velocity transmitter unit is factory configured for use
with one of three transducer types. The specific type is
identified by four digits (for example, 100A) immediately
following the basic model number on the side label. This
number is the transducer sensitivity in either mV/g or
mV/IPS (see Table 2-2 below).
Type
I.D.
Transducer Type
Sensitivity
100A
low-impedance, constant
current powered
accelerometer
mV/g
100V
low-impedance, constant
current powered velocity
sensor
mV/IPS
500E
self-generating, electromechanical velocity
sensor
mV/IPS
Table 2 - 7.
Identifying Transducer Type and Sensitivity.
Standard filter bands for the CMSS530 are the ISO 10 Hz
to 1.0 KHz and the ISOLF 2 Hz to 2 KHz.
2- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Overview
For example: 100A indicates the transducer is a 100
mV/g low-impedance accelerometer. Other sensitivities
are available by special order.
Full Scale:
Range:
English
Metric
Jumper
01
.5 IPS
12.5 mm/sec
E2
02*
1.0 IPS
25 mm/sec
E3
03
1.5 IPS
37.5 mm/sec
E2 and E3
04
2.0 IPS
50 mm/sec
E3 and E4
05
2.5 IPS
62.5 mm/sec
E2, E3, E4
Table 2 - 3.
MCT Velocity Transmitter.
Full scale option for all velocity transmitter units is factory
preset to 02, for 0 to 1.0 IPS or to 25.0 mm/sec if not
otherwise specified in the model number.
CMSS540 Displacement Transmitter
The CMSS540 is a 4-20 mA Displacement Transmitter.
It is factory configured for compatibility with an external,
non-contact eddy-current probe/driver system. The
displacement signal is processed to determine the overall
vibration amplitude in terms of peak-to-peak
displacement.
The displacement transmitter unit is factory configured
for use with an external eddy-current probe-driver
system. The specific displacement sensitivity is identified
by four digits (for example, 200) immediately following
the basic model number on the side label. This number
is the transducer sensitivity in mV/mil.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 3
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Overview
For example,200 indicates the transducer has an output
sensitivity of 200 mV/mil. Other sensitivities are available
by special order.
Full Scale:
Range:
English
Metric
Jumper
01
5 mils
127 microns
E2
02*
10 mils
254 microns
E3
03
15 mils
381 microns
E2 and E3
04
20 mils
508 microns
E3 and E4
05
25 mils
635 microns
E2, E3, E4
Table 2 - 4.
MCT Displacement Transmitter.
Standard filter band for the CMSS540 is 2 Hz to 20 KHz.
CMSS545 Position Transmitter
The CMSS545 is a 4-20 mA Position Transmitter. It is
factory configured for compatibility with an external, noncontact eddy-current probe/driver system, and an
external readout/monitoring system to indicate the
relative axial position of a rotor within its associated
bearing range. In this application, it is recommended that
two independent probe/driver/transmitter channels be
installed to provide redundancy, and to allow the
readout/monitoring system to perform logical
comparisons of the thrust readings from each channel
prior to taking action on any single alarm condition.
The position transmitter unit is factory configured for use
with an eddy-current probe-driver system. The specific
sensitivity is identified by four digits (for example, 200)
immediately following the basic model number on the
2- 4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Overview
side label. This number is the transducer sensitivity in
mV/mil.
For example,200 indicates the transducer has an output
sensitivity of 200 mV/mil. Other sensitivities are available
by special order.
Full scale option for the position transmitter unit is
factory preset to 0 to 80 mils (40-0-40) / 0 to 2.0 mm
(1.0-0-1.0).
CMSS570 Temperature Transmitter
The CMSS570 is a 4-20 mA Temperature Transmitter.
It is factory configured for compatibility with a solid state
temperature sensor or dual output vibration /
temperature sensor that provides a 10 mV/deg K output.
The input signal is processed to provide temperature in
Fahrenheit or Celsius.
The temperature transmitter is factory configured for use
with transducers that provide a 10 mV/degK output.
Full scale option for temperature transmitter units is
factory preset from 0 to 250( F / -17.8 to 121( C).
CMSS590 Enveloped Acceleration
Transmitter
The CMSS590 is a Enveloped Acceleration Transmitter.
It is factory configured for use with a low-impedance
accelerometer. The sensor input signal is processed to
determine its overall vibration level in terms of enveloped
acceleration.
The enveloped acceleration transmitter unit always uses
a 100 mV/g low-impedance, constant current powered
accelerometer.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 5
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Overview
Range:
Full Scale:
Jumper
01*
10 gE
E8
02
30 gE
E9
03
80 gE
E10
Table 2 - 5.
MCT Enveloped Acceleration.
Full scale option for all enveloped acceleration transmitter
units is factory preset to 10 gE. The Filter option is set to
Filter 3 (500 Hz to 10 Hz), unless otherwise specified in
the model number.
Transducer Cable
The vibration transmitter units provide power for the
transducer via a nominal 4.4 mA constant current source.
This is generally enough current to allow operation with
transducer cables extending up to about 100 ft. Longer
cables may be used, depending on the sensor and cable
specifications. However, it is strongly recommended that
the transmitter/monitor be mounted as close as practical
to the associated transducer. This will prevent signal
distortion associated with current drive limitations, and
will minimize interference from external electro-magnetic
noise sources (EMI). A well shielded, properly installed
transducer cable is necessary to obtain reliable operation.
Shielded twisted pair cables designed and pre-fitted with
the proper transducer connector or sensors with integral
cable, which are sold for this specific purpose, are
recommended. The cable shield should be open at the
transmitter end and connected to ground through the
sensor casing. Alternatively, the cable shield could be
2- 6
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
open at the transmitter end, and connected to common
xdcr- terminal at the transmitter/monitor input only.
Transducer OK Circuit
The vibration transmitter units incorporate a transducer
OK circuit. This feature continuously monitors the
transducer bias and signal voltage. If this voltage exceeds
preset limits, the 4-20 mA output current is reduced to
less than 2 mA (typically 0 mA) to allow detection of the
fault condition at the associated PLC or DCS system. A
green OK LED on the front of the unit (normally "ON" in
an OK condition) turns "OFF" to provide a local indication
of the fault condition. For low-impedance, constant
current powered transducers, this circuit will effectively
detect open, shorted, or reversed transducer connections.
When a detected fault is remedied, a delay of
approximately 30 seconds occurs before the unit returns
to the OK condition and the OK LED turns back "ON". A
detected fault will also disable the ALERT and DANGER
alarms / relays until the fault is removed and an OK
condition exists.
When configured for use with an electro-mechanical
transducer (E), the OK circuit will only detect an open
circuit condition of the transducer / cable.
Jumpers
See Opening the Case in Chapter 4 for information on
gaining access to jumpers. Changing ranges by jumper
selection only will introduce an additional error of .5%
typical, 2% max. For greater accuracy, the system range
must be re-calibrated.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 7
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
Jumper Locations
Setting
Jumper
Configuration
Range Settings
E2
E3
E4
E2
0 to 0.5 IPS or 12.5 mm/sec
Option: 01
E2
E3
E4
E3
0 to 1.0 IPS or 25.0 mm/sec / *factory
preset
Option: 02
E2
E3
E4
E2 and E3
0 to 1.5 IPS or 37.5 mm/sec
Option: 03
E2
E3
E4
E3 and E4
0 to 2.0 IPS or 50.0 mm/sec
Option: 04
E2
E3
E4
E2 and E3 and E4
0 to 2.5 IPS or 62.5 mm/sec
Option: 05
Special Filters (optional)
E1
Remove to install Filter 2
E5
Remove to install Filter 1
Table 2 - 6.
MCT Velocity and (RMS and True Peak) Displacement Options.
2- 8
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
MCT VEL Peak PC Board
Full circle indicates factory preset
Filter 2
J1 8-Pin Connector
(Ribbon Cable)
E1*
Filter 1
Range
Jumpers
E4 E3* E2
E5*
Figure 2 - 4.
MCT Velocity Peak Detection and Displacement Jumper Locations.
Range Jumpers
Range (g, RMS)
Install Jumpers
5
E2
10
E3*
15
E2, E3
20
E3, E4
25
E2, E3, E4
Table 2 - 7.
Acceleration (RMS) Range Jumpers.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 9
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
Range (IPS, Peak)
Install Jumpers
0.5
E2
1.0
E3*
1.5
E2, E3
2.0
E3, E4
2.5
E2, E3, E4
Table 2 - 8.
Velocity MCT Peak Range Jumpers.
MCT VEL RMS PC Board
Full circle indicates factory preset
Filter 2
P1
8-Pin Connector
(Ribbon-Cable)
E1
E2
Filter 1
Range Jumpers
E4 E3*
E5
Figure 2 - 27.
MCT Velocity and Acceleration RMS Detection Jumper Locations.
2- 10
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
Range
Install
Jumpers
English (IPS,
RMS)
Metric
(mm/sec)
E2
0.5
12.5
E3*
1.0
25.0
E2, E3
1.5
37.5
E3, E4
2.0
50.0
E2, E3, E4
2.5
62.5
Table 2 - 9.
Velocity MCT RMS Range Jumpers.
Range
Install
Jumpers
English (mils)
Metric
(microns)
E2
5
127
E3*
10
254
E2, E3
15
381
E3, E4
20
508
E2, E3, E4
25
635
Table 2 - 10.
Displacement Range Jumpers.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 11
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
Setting
Jumper
Configuration
Constant Current
Source
E1*
Provides constant
current /
*factory preset
No current supply, uses
buffered output as signal
input
E2, E5
Selectable Filterbands
ENV Filter #4 (5 kHz to
40 kHz)
E3*, E6*
ENV Filter #3 (500 Hz
to 10 kHz)/
*factory
preset
*factory preset
E4, E7
ENV Filter #2 (50 Hz to
1.0 kHz)
Range Settings
E8*
Range 1 (0 to 10 gE) /
*factory preset
E9
Range 2 (0 to 30 gE)
E10
Range 3 (0 to 80 gE)
Table 2 - 11.
Enveloped Acceleration MCT Options.
2- 12
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
*
*
*
Figure 2 - 28.
Enveloped Acceleration MCT Jumper Locations.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 13
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Jumpers
Range Jumpers
Range (gE)
Install
Jumpers
10
E8*
30
E9
80
E10
Table 2 - 12.
Enveloped Acceleration MCT Options.
CMSS590 Enveloped Acceleration Filter
Selection
The enveloped acceleration transmitter is delivered with
three standard band-pass filters. Table 2-13 shows the
available filters for each unit.
Filter Band
Number
(Microlog)
BandPass
Filter
Frequencies
(Hz)
Fmax
Setting for
Microlog
When
Compared
(Hz)
Old MCM
Filter for
Range
Reference
2
3*
50 to 1,000
500 to 10,000
100
1,000
-44
-66
4
5,000 to
40,000
10,000
-88
Jumper
Setting
E4 and E7
E3* and
E6*
E2 and E5
Table 2 - 13.
Integrated Enveloped Acceleration Filter Settings.
2- 14
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Output
The factory preset for the enveloped acceleration
transmitter module is Filter 3 (500 to 10,000Hz).
Use the following guideline to define the proper bandpass for the application.
The low frequency roll-off of the band-pass filter to
eliminate rotational components is:
Fmin > = 10 x RPM / 60
Output
4-20 mA Output
The primary output of the transmitter/monitor is the 420 mA current output, which is scaled proportional to the
full scale range of the unit. For example, if the range is 0
- 1 IPS peak, then 4 mA indicates a reading of 0.00 IPS,
and 20 mA indicates a reading of 1.00 IPS peak. This
output is intended to drive a maximum resistive load of
500 Ohms with respect to system common at the PLC /
DCS input. A precision 0.25 watt, 250 Ohm resistor is
the recommended load. This will convert the 4-20 mA
current reading to a 1 to 5 Vdc reading for the PLC /
DCS. For example, if the range is 0 to 0.5 IPS, then 1
Vdc indicates a reading of 0 IPS, and 5 Vdc indicates a
reading of 0.5 IPS. A short to ground (common) on this
output will not cause damage.
The relationship of the measured vibration parameter to
the output current is displayed in the following equation:
Units of Vibration =
Measured Current - 4 mA
× Full Scale Value
16 mA
Example Velocity
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 15
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Output
Measured Current = 12 mA; Full Scale = 1 IPS
Converted Output Reading =
12 mA - 4mA
× 1 IPS = 0.5 IPS
16 mA
The relationship of the measured vibration parameter to
the output voltage, when using a 250 Ohm resistor, is
displayed in the following equation:
Units of Vibration =
FullScaleValue
× (Measured Voltage − 1)
4V
Example
Measured Voltage = 3V; Full Scale 0.5 IPS
Converted Output Reading =
0.5 IPS
× (3V − 1) = 0.25 IPS
4V
The relationship of the measured temperature parameter
to the output current is displayed in the following
equations:
Farenheit =
Celsius =
Measured Current - 4 mA
× Full Scale Value
16 mA
Measured Current - 6.05mA
× Full Scale Value
16 mA
Example Temperature
Measured Current = 10 mA; Full Scale = 250 ºF
Converted Output Reading in Farenheit =
10 mA - 4 mA
× 250 deg F = 93.75 deg F
16 mA
Measured Current = 10 mA; Full Scale = 138.8 ºC (121.0
ºC - (-17.8 ºC))
2- 16
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Output
Converted Output Reading in Celsius =
10 mA - 6.05mA
× 138.8 deg C = 34.27 deg C
16 mA
Buffered Output
The MCT provides access to the buffered transducer
signal using a BNC connector on the front of the unit and
on a screw terminal at the top of the unit. These
buffered outputs have the same sensitivities, units, and
bias voltages as the transducer itself (i.e., mV/g for an
accelerometer or mV/IPS for a velocity transducer). This
output can be connected to portable monitoring
equipment or analyzers (i.e., SKF Microlog® Series Data
Collector / Analyzer), or can be used to check the bias
output voltage (BOV) of low-impedance transducers using
a digital voltmeter. The buffered output is unfiltered.
For electro-mechanical velocity transducers only: The
buffered output sensitivity is scaled to 100 mV/IPS,
regardless of the actual input sensitivity. For example, a
145 mV/IPS transducer will have a scaled buffered
output sensitivity of 100 mV/IPS.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
2- 17
CMSS500 Series Transmitters
Output
2- 18
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
3
CMSS500 Series Monitor
This section applies only to the Monitor
units.
Setting Monitor Alarms
For a brief overview of vibration severity levels, reference
the General Severity Level Guidelines appendix.
Figure 3 - 1.
MCT Front View With Monitor Options Explained.
Alert and Danger Alarm Setpoint Adjustment
ALERT and DANGER alarm setpoints can be
independently set in the field by turning the front panel
selector switch to the associated position (A or D) and
adjusting the associated front panel potentiometer until
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
3- 1
CMSS500 Series Monitor
Alert and Danger Alarm Setpoint Adjustment
the correct dc voltage is measured at BNC connector
located directly above the selector switch. Adjusting the
setpoint requires the use of a digital voltmeter,
knowledge of the transmitter's full scale range, and the
desired setpoint as a percentage of the full scale range.
The voltage measured at the BNC will vary between 0
Vdc and 5 Vdc, corresponding to 0 to full scale. For
example, 2.5 Vdc represents 50% of full scale, 3.75 Vdc
represents 75% of full scale. To calculate the required
setpoint voltage, use the equation, 5(.xx) where .xx is the
desired percentage expressed as a decimal fraction of the
full scale range. For example, 5(.60) = 3.00 Vdc for a
setpoint of 60% of the full scale range. Turning the
potentiometer clockwise increases the setpoint voltage.
3- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Monitor
Alert and Danger Alarm Setpoint Adjustment
Figure 3 - 2.
Setting Alarm Levels.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
3- 3
CMSS500 Series Monitor
Alert and Danger Alarm Delays Adjustment
Alert and Danger Alarm Delays Adjustment
The Alert and Danger alarm delays can be independently
set by internal jumper selection to .1, 1, 3, 6, or 10
seconds. The purpose of the delay is to reduce nuisance
alarms caused by external electrical noise and/or
transient vibration events. Both the Alert and Danger
delays are factory set to the 3-second position. To
change the delay, open the unit and move the delay
jumpers to the proper position.
3- 4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Monitor
Alert and Danger Alarm Delays Adjustment
Setting
Jumper
Configuration
Alert Time Delay
E1
0.1 sec
E2
1 sec
E3*
3 sec /
*factory preset
E4
6 sec
E5
10 sec
Danger Time Delay
E6
0.1 sec
E7
1 sec
E8*
3 sec /
*factory preset
E9
6 sec
E10
10 sec
Latching / Nonlatching Alarms
E11*
Open: Alert Non-latching /
*factory preset
Closed: Alert Latching
E12*
Open: Danger Non-latching /
*factory preset
Closed: Danger Latching
Trip Multiply factor
E13*
Open: factor 2x
/*factory preset
Closed: factor 3x
Table 3 - 1.
Monitor Jumper Options.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
3- 5
CMSS500 Series Monitor
Latching / Non-latching Alarms
Trip Multiply
Danger Delay
J1
Ribbon Cable
Alert Latch
Danger Latch
Alert Delay
Figure 3 - 3.
Monitor Jumper Locations.
Latching / Non-latching Alarms
The Alert and Danger alarms are factory set for nonlatching operation. This means that whenever the
3- 6
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CMSS500 Series Monitor
Trip Multiply
vibration level drops below the associated setpoint for
more than about 1 second, the associated relay will deenergize and the alarm LED will turn off. The alarms can
also be set for latching operation by installing shunts on
jumpers E11 and E12 on the Alarm module circuit board.
Latched alarms may be reset by closing the RESET (RST)
and COMMON (COM) contacts at the top of the unit. This
may be done with an external switch, dry contact relay, or
by shorting the terminals together by hand.
Important - Do not apply voltage to either the RST or
COM terminals.
If several monitors are mounted together, the RST
terminals may be daisy-chained together and switched to
COM (system common) as a group.
Trip Multiply
The alarm module provides a trip multiply feature. This
feature allows the user to temporarily double (standard)
or triple (jumper selectable) the normal setpoints during
periods of normal high vibration, such as start-ups. To
actuate the trip multiply feature, the Tx terminal at the
top of the alarm module must be closed to the adjacent
COM terminal. This may be done with an external switch,
dry contact relay, or by shorting the terminals together by
hand.
Important - Do not apply voltage to either the Tx or COM
terminals.
If several monitors are mounted together, the Tx
terminals may be daisy-chained together and switched to
COM (system common) as a group.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
3- 7
CMSS500 Series Monitor
Alarm Relays
Alarm Relays
The ALERT, DANGER and OK relays are independent,
single-pole-double throw relays. NO, ARM, and NC
contacts are available through a plugable screw
connector at the bottom of the monitor. OK relay
contacts are available on fixed screw terminals at the
bottom front of the alarm module. Relay contacts are
rated 5 Amps at 30 Vdc or 125 Vac, resistive load. This
rating includes any inrush current the load draws. For
loads that are not purely resistive, the contact switching
capability needs to be considered carefully in terms of this
inrush current and rated accordingly.
The user is reminded to take care when applying relays.
The factory intended purpose of providing relay contacts
is to operate relatively low power alarm annunciators, act
as a dry or low dc voltage contact closure input to other
systems, or act to actuate an appropriately sized slave
relay for larger loads such as shutting down a motor.
Rated Amps
Voltage
5A
30 Vdc
5A
125 Vac
2.5A
250 Vac
Table 3 - 2.
Relay Contacts Rating.
3- 8
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
4
Installing the Machine Condition
Transmitter
MCT Typical Installation
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
4- 1
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Opening the Case
Opening the Case
Opening the MCT case is best done with a small flatblade screwdriver. On transmitters (1 inch / 26 mm wide
units), insert the tip of the screwdriver between the right
side cover (as viewed from the front of the unit) and the
DIN rail mounting foot at the back of the unit, as shown
in Figure 4-9, and gently leverage the blade to begin
separating the cover from the rest of the unit. Carefully
work your way around to the front of the unit to
complete removal of the cover, exposing the circuit board
components.
Figure 4 - 29.
Blade Insertion Point on Transmitter.
On Monitors (1.6 inch / 41 mm wide units), you must first
carefully separate the two halves of the unit at the center
(see Figure 4-10). The sides do not need to be removed.
This is done by working the screwdriver around the
4- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Opening the Case
middle of the unit in the same general manner described
above.
Figure 4 - 30.
Transmitter/Monitor Separated at Center.
As the two sides start to separate, you will see that a
short ribbon cable inside holds them together. To
remove this cable, carefully pull it away from the left
hand side of the unit (as viewed from the front). The
cable stays with the right hand side permanently.
Important - When reinstalling this cable, make sure it is
properly connected to the mating connector, and that the
bend in the cable goes towards the front panel side of the
unit.
If the unit is closed with the bend towards the back, the
ribbon cable can be damaged.
Also, make sure the ribbon cable connector does not
catch on the relays when pressing the unit back together.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
4- 3
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Interfacing the MCT with Other Monitoring Systems
Interfacing the MCT with Other Monitoring Systems
For example, the MCT CMSS530 and CMSS590 modules
interface with equipment used for process control and
data analysis.
Interfacing to Process Control Systems
Interface options for process control systems are the
static output 4-20 mA dc and the low power changeover relay contacts. The maximum load resistance of all
connected instruments in the current loop is 500 Ohms.
Reference the section 4-20 mA Output in Chapter 2 for
more information.
Interfacing to SKF Reliability Systems
Products
Consider the following interface options:
* Use SKF Reliability Systems equipment to analyze MCT
module readings.
* Use MCT modules as a front end to on-line condition
monitoring equipment.
Figure 4-11 shows a combination of the above
mentioned interface options.
4- 4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Interfacing the MCT with Other Monitoring Systems
Figure 4 - 31.
MCT CMSS500 Series Interfacing.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
4- 5
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Analyzing MCT Readings
Figure 4 - 32.
MCT CMSS540 Eddy Probe Interfacing.
Analyzing MCT Readings
Unlike other SKF Reliability Systems' analyzing products
that use digital signal processing, MCT modules use
analog signal processing techniques, so be careful when
comparing results with digital instruments. For
enveloped acceleration (gE) applications, the filter ranges
in the Microlog and Multilog are equal, but the filter
4- 6
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Peak-to-Peak Measurements with the Microlog (Acceleration and Enveloped
Acceleration)
range of the enveloper circuitry in the Vib Pen Plus is
fixed between 5 kHz and 10 kHz to obtain a general
bandwidth where low frequency influences, due to hand
held operation, are eliminated.
Detection methods of the Microlog and Multilog are, in
general, based upon detecting a maximum and minimum
peak value within the whole time period of the
measurement. From this peak-to-peak value, the zero
peak value is calculated. The RMS value is always
derived from the calculated spectrum and is not a true
RMS conversion on the dynamic time signal (unlike the
MCT modules).
Furthermore, MCT modules use averaging methods to
prevent unwanted fluctuations. The number of averages
for the Multilog and Microlog are free selectable. It is
advised to select 4 to 8 averages to create a comparable
total measurement time period.
Guidelines for using the Microlog as an analysis
instrument in combination with the MCT modules are
provided:
Peak-to-Peak Measurements with the Microlog
(Acceleration and Enveloped Acceleration)
The buffered vibration output is used as an input signal
to the Microlog. The selected enveloped acceleration
filter setting for the Microlog must be equal to the filter
choice on the enveloped acceleration transmitter. The
maximum frequency must be set at twice the value of the
selected low corner cut off frequency of the enveloped
acceleration filter (for example, filter 500 Hz to 10 kHz
results in a maximum analyzing frequency of 1 kHz).
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
4- 7
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
RMS Measurements with the Microlog (Acceleration and Velocity)
Peak to Peak readings on the Microlog can be compared
to the Peak reading of the MCT module. This difference
of detection method is based upon the fact that the
Microlog has an AC coupled signal processing path, while
the MCT modules use a dc coupling.
RMS Measurements with the Microlog (Acceleration
and Velocity)
The buffered vibration output is used as an input to the
Microlog. The Microlog's frequency settings must be
equal to the filter bandwidth settings of the (Velocity)
MCT CMSS530 module. The detection method must be
set to RMS.
Important - The MCT VEL module uses an analog filter
and integrator which measure continuously.
The Multilog and Microlog calculate the RMS value from
the spectrum, which is not continuously processed. This
discontinuity, which is minimized by selecting the Hanning
window, may cause low frequency problems which result
in ski-slopes after integration. These possible ski-slope
effects may have large influences on the RMS overall
velocity reading.
Peak Detection in Velocity
The MCT velocity modules with peak detection provide a
true peak reading, in contrary to the older MCM modules,
which provided a "pseudo" peak, derived from the RMS
reading. True peak detection typically results in higher
values when data is collected at the same measurement
4- 8
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Peak Detection in Velocity
location over the same frequency range. The data can be
trended and analyzed, nonetheless. If the user is more
familiar with the Calculated Peak (RMS x 1.414), specify
the RMS detection when ordering. Select an approximate
1.4 times higher full scale value to get the same results.
For example, the older MCM has a full scale of 1 IPS and
peak (pseudo) detection. An MCT velocity module with a
full scale of 1.5 IPS and RMS detection will deliver the
same results.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
4- 9
Installing the Machine Condition Transmitter
Peak Detection in Velocity
4- 10
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
5
CE Installation Guide
Overview
For CE compliance, wiring schemes described in this CE
Installation chapter must be followed. For CE
installations, wiring schemes described in this chapter
supersede wiring schemes described in other chapters.
Wiring scheme specific to CE installations are outlined
below.
For CE installation, the MCT(s) must be installed in a
metal enclosure that provides shielding to the sides, door
and rear by being grounded to protective earth. The
earth-ground bond must be made using a heavy gauge
copper-braid cable or copper bus bar in a manner that
will ensure a continuous, high-quality connection.
Signal and dc power I/O cabling for the system should be
enclosed in rigid or flexible metal conduit that is bonded
to earth-ground. If an ac / dc supply is included inside
the enclosure, the ac input power cabling must enter the
enclosure through a conduit separate from the one used
for dc power and I/O signals.
If the system is to be powered by an external dc power
source, the cable connecting the dc power to the system
must utilize a twisted-shielded-pair cable of an
appropriate gauge. The cable-shield must be connected
to system ground at one end only.
The system dc ground should be connected to earthground at only one point in the system; typically by
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
5- 1
CE Installation Guide
CE Installation Drawings
connecting a system common bus-bar located in the
system enclosure to the enclosure system ground bus
bar.
Each sensor/transducer providing input to the system
should be connected to its respective transmitter/monitor
via a twisted-shielded cable assembly approved by the
manufacturer for use with that specific sensor/transducer
type. The sensor cable-shield must be connected to
system ground at one end only. When the
sensor/transducer case is mounted on an earth grounded
machine casing or structural point, the cable shield may
be terminated at the sensor end. Otherwise it should be
terminated to earth-ground at the transmitter/monitor
end via direct connection to the system ground bus bar.
Signal outputs (4-20 mA) intended for connection to
remote loads, should be connected using manufacturer
approved, twisted-shielded-pair cable. If the remote load
is referenced to earth-ground at a location different from
that of the system enclosure, a current-loop isolator may
be required.
CE Installation Drawings
MCT (+24 Vdc Power Supply Installation)
5- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CE Installation Guide
CE Installation Drawings
Wiring for Internally Amplified
Accelerometers
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
5- 3
CE Installation Guide
CE Installation
Wiring For Velocity Transducers
CE Installation
MCT and Sensors
5- 4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
CE Installation Guide
CE Installation
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
5- 5
CE Installation Guide
CE Installation
5- 6
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Appendix A
Mounting and Outline
CMSS500A
Figure A - 33.
MCT with Companion Monitor - Front View.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
A- 1
Mounting and Outline
CMSS500
Figure A - 34.
MCT Modules - Side View.
CMSS500
Figure A - 35.
MCT Transmitter only - Front View.
A- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Mounting and Outline
CMSS500
Figure A - 36.
MCT Transmitter Only - Side View.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
A- 3
Mounting and Outline
CMSS500
A- 4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Appendix B
General Severity Level Guidelines
When considering severity levels, be aware that
standards can only provide general guidelines to
determine initial alarm settings. Such guidelines should
never substitute experience and good judgement. The
most reliable method of determining alarm settings is to
trend vibration readings over time, establish baseline
values and alarm settings above baseline values.
Vibration measured in Velocity
For vibration velocity, ISO standards, such as ISO 10816,
First Edition 1995, or VDI 2056 guidelines, are generally
accepted. ISO 10816 with the title 'Mechanical vibration
- Evaluation of machine vibration by measurements on
non-rotating parts' consists of six parts. Part 1 (108161) determines general guidelines and is followed by the
additional parts of ISO 10816, for example Part 2
(10816-2) for land-based steam turbines and generators
in excess of 50 MW with normal operating speeds of
1500 RPM, 1800 RPM, 3000 RPM and 3600 RPM.
The following severity chart is in accordance with the ISO
10816-2 guidelines. For exceptions to this guideline and
for more information, reference the ISO 10816-2
document.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
B- 1
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration measured in Velocity
ISO 10816-2
Steam Turbines and Generators
Speed (RPM)
1500 or 1800
3000 or 3600
Damage
occurs
Restricted
Operation
Unrestricted
Operation
Newly
Commissioned
Velocity
mm/sec RMS
11.8
10.0
8.5
7.5
5.3
3.8
2.8
1.4
0.0
Machinery
Table B - 15.
Vibration Severity Chart ISO 10816-2.
Industrial machines with nominal power above 15 kW
and nominal speeds between 120 RPM and 15000 RPM
when measured in position are covered by ISO 10816-3.
The machines are separated into 4 different groups:
Group 1: Large machinery and electrical machines with
shaft height greater than 315 mm that are normally
equipped with sleeve bearings.
Group 2: Medium-size machines and electrical machines
with shaft height between 160 mm and 315 mm that are
normally equipped with rolling element bearings and
operate at speeds above 600 RPM.
B- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration measured in Velocity
Group 3: Pumps with multivane impellers and separate
drivers with rated power above 15 kW. Machines of this
group may be equipped with sleeve or rolling element
bearings.
Group 4: Pumps with multivane impellers and with
integrated drivers that are equipped with sleeve or rolling
element bearings.
ISO 108163
Rated Power
Machinery Group
2&4
15 kW – 300 kW
Machinery Group
1&3
Group 1: 300 kW – 50 MW
Group 3: above 15 kW
Velocity
mm/sec
RMS
Damage
11.0
7.1
4.5
3.5
2.8
2.3
1.4
0.7
0.0
Foundation
Restricted
Operation
Unrestricted
Operation
Newly
Rigid
occurs
Flexible
Commissioned
Machinery
Rigid
Flexible
Table B - 16.
Vibration Severity Chart ISO 10816-3.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
B- 3
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements
Severity levels for machine vibration and bearing defect
detection by means of the enveloping technique are
needed to classify the machine condition according to
standards and practical guidelines.
For enveloped acceleration in all forms, severity levels are
related to speed and bearing size. The bearing size is
generally related to the load capabilities of the machine.
The higher the speed, the higher the energy generated by
impacts as elements roll over bearing damage.
The relation: Maximum shaft speed times shaft diameter
has a maximum, depending on the bearing technology.
Notice that for bigger bearings the speed is limited, and
therefore, the severity levels are also limited. Carefully
select the severity levels for enveloped acceleration using
machine knowledge. Sensor location and sensor
installation is important for successful machine
monitoring. The boundaries between different states of
severity conditions are less defined. Comparative and
relative judgement methods are preferred above absolute
judgement and the application of standards.
For creating a comparative measurement, the process
control system is able to create a trend of the vibration
signal. This signal can be compared against a 'baseline'
overall measurement of that measurement point, with
the knowledge that the machine is running under normal
conditions.
In many cases, periodic measurements have been
performed on equipment before a permanent monitor
(such as the MCT system) is installed. The knowledge of
those measurements and the machine behavior provides
a good indication of effective alarm level settings.
B- 4
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements
Danger Setting (gE)
To be used with CMSS793, 797 accelerometers
CMVA55, CMVA320, filter 3, fmax=30,000 CPM, pk-pk reading.
3600
3000
1800
1500
RPM
1200
900
600
400
10
3.30
200
100
1
0.33
Alert Setting (gE)
(Scale is 1/3 of Danger Scale)
33.3
100
0.03
0.1
10
100
1000
Shaft Diameter (mm)
Figure B - 37.
Enveloped Acceleration Alarm Guidelines (Fmax = 60,000 CPM).
To utilize the above chart, the following parameters must
be known:
Bearing bore diameter in mm (indicates load)
Shaft speed in RPM
Assumptions for using the above chart are necessary as
deviations from standardized data collection greatly affect
enveloped acceleration readings. Assumptions are as
follows:
Filter 3 = 500-10,000 Hz
Fmax = 60,000 CPM / 1,000 Hz
A scaling factor is required for other Fmax values. A
scaling equation is provided in Part II.
Sensor = CMSS793 or CMSS797 or MCD probe
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
B- 5
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements
Detection = Peak to Peak
Perform measurements with the machine operating
under normal conditions. For example, when the rotor
and the main bearings have reached their normal steady
operating temperatures and with the machine running
under its normal rated condition (at rated voltage, flow,
pressure, and load).
To obtain the most accurate readings, enveloped
acceleration measurements require probe placement in
the maximum load zone, or as close as possible to the
maximum load zone within the measured bearing or gear
box.
Example
Bearing bore diameter:
100 mm
Shaft speed:
1800 RPM
Fmax:
60,000 CPM
Use the chart in Figure B-1 to determine this enveloped
acceleration measurement's alert and danger alarm
settings:
Locate 100 mm on the shaft diameter axis.
Follow the vertical line representing 100 mm to the point
where it intersects the 1800 RPM running speed line.
This is your reference point.
From your reference point, follow the horizontal lines left
to the danger settings axis to determine your initial
danger alarm setting (7.5 gE).
From your reference point, follow the horizontal lines
right to the alert settings axis to determine your initial
alert alarm setting (2.5 gE).
Use the Scaling Factor chart (Figure B-2).
B- 6
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements
1.40
Scaling Factor
1.20
1.00
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.00
0
500
1000
1500
2000
Fmax (Hz)
Figure B - 38.
Scaling Factor for Fmax Compensation for Enveloped Acceleration
Measurements.
The definition for an alarm condition for the enveloped
acceleration transmitter module also depends on the
application. Alarms can be a warning that a certain
condition has occurred and that further analysis is
required. Based upon those results, a decision must be
made on further required actions. The MCT is then used
as a monitoring device.
The alarm condition can also be used to take direct
action. In this case the MCT module is fulfilling a
protective task together with the process control / relay
system.
The software CMSW5000 'Atlas For Windows' features a
calculator for enveloped acceleration alarm settings and
is based on identical assumptions.
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
B- 7
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements
For more information please visit our website
www.skfcm.com, select Support. From the Support
Center Home, select Application Notes. Download
CM3068.PDF from the Machine Condition Transmitters
category.
B- 8
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Index
4
4-20 mA 1-1, 5-2
4-20 mA Output 2-14
A
Alarm Delays 3-4
Alarm Relays 3-8
Alarm Setpoints 3-1
B
band-pass filters 2-16
BNC connector 1-3, 2-15, 3-1
BOV 2-15
Buffered Output 2-15
C
CE Installation 5-1
CMSS525 1-1
CMSS530 1-1
CMSS540 1-1
CMSS545 1-1
CMSS570 1-1
CMSS590 1-1
COM terminal 3-7
D
dc power 1-9, 5-1
E
EMI 2-6
F
Filter
Enveloped Acceleration 2-16
Full scale 2-3
G
Grounding 1-11
I
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
ISO B-1
J
Jumper Locations 2-8
L
Latching / Non-latching Alarms 37
M
MCT
Installation 5-3
Microlog 1-1, 2-15
P
Peak Detection 4-8
Power Supply Distribution 1-10
R
RMS 1-1
RST terminals 3-7
T
Transducer Cable 2-6
Transducer OK Circuit 2-7
Trip multiply 1-4
Trip Multiply 3-7
Typical Power Wiring
Configuration 1-10
V
Vibration
Enveloped Acceleration B-3
Velocity B-1
Index- 1
General Severity Level Guidelines
Vibration Enveloped Acceleration Measurements
Index- 2
SKF Machine Condition Transmitter
User Manual
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement